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Webb Institute, Glen Cove ​last time we talk to you mr. Ben Anderson you had just come back from doing a documentary on Afghanistan following the British troops there and it was a it was a bit of a cock-up yeah and now you just got back from Dubai yeah now most people know about goodbyes because they are trying to be the hub of the Middle East and you went and found out some stuff about the guys actually building the big shiny skyscrapers in the world's biggest mall in the world's biggest aquarium the last time yeah they got the guys were being paid almost nothing to build it so they're being built by slaves that's not an exaggeration yeah really once there once they find themselves out there and they realize how much they're getting paid or how much they're not getting paid they're indebted by the time they arrive there so it is bonded labor we focus on a lot of Bangladeshi workers to the local agents approach them in the villages so you've heard about Dubai if I die mazing it I can get you a job out there where you get paid three hundred pounds a month which to them is an amazing salary pay me two thousand pounds 200 thousand tacker local money I'll get you out there he'll take you six months a year to pay off the two thousand pounds then you'll start sending loads of money home and before you know it you'll be buying your family a shop or a farm or whatever it is as soon as they land their passports are taken away they also then find out they're getting paid between 120 160 pounds a month and this is for six days a week 12 hours a day and living eight men to a room and in what we saw were absolutely squalid conditions a dream of escaping the dreary British winters enjoying the slabs and the Sun is one many Brits share so I pretended to be one of them and signed up for a first group tour that they promised would show me a side of divine which simply can't be revealed their website will use plain words the first group sales team adamant workers building their projects were treated well you're the first workers they look they're looking you look after them absolutely absolutely yeah well I mean don't have like a staff accommodation yeah I think they're pretty happy to be here it was it into a much more difficult or equal to earn some money in Pakistan or in India she's all fired me because it's important for us to know that I'm suited absolutely no what are you doing there are no stays here this is what I found interesting about this is this is the common perception even when I was there and in Dubai is that oh it's good for them yeah it looks bad to us but for that looks fun - but yeah it's good for them and we can't get on site to interview the worker I'm gonna wait until they knock off follow them back to their labor camp and see what conditions are like on this which is one of the most high-profile projects in the whole of Dubai this is pretty much how we worked for over a period of three months out there sneaking or speak to them before they went into the labor camp because there's a camp but every single gate stopping people going in you're not allowed to talk to them no no no so so we we try and grab them before they went in and saw what happen if you get caught well journalists in the past have been imprisoned and fighting have been slapped with massive massive finds out that first impressions you know are she didn't know as a place where workers lived you'd think it was a place where the machinery will storm their streetlights it smells sewage just sheets of corrugated iron protecting Rome's looks like a shantytowns so how many there's two four six eight eight people you like nine people but before we can interview the workers the camp boss turned out well we will see whether people are happy exactly what we can city water study yeah okay sure the measure on okay well we should leave no pocketbook there was fear among the unit workers about speaking to us they felt that could be sacked and sent home they were discovered speaking that shot is is basically you know my my vision of Dubai now and all the glittering skyscrapers on the horizon and you were in this sort of black hole a few miles away hmm which is where these guys live so we're we're going to sit out we met an Indian agent who's been sending work to Dubai for years making a lot of money and they complained to her a lot she just put it down to them whinging but these guys were particularly persistent so she thought she'd investigate when she actually finally found these guys took about two months to find these guys made her so angry that she's now the first that's why I lined her first agent to speak out about this and speak out with us as we drove into it she said that building over there that's it you wouldn't even keep cattle in that building the story of the migrant workers is the dark side of Dubai the side which the annual 1.1 million British visitors to this country never see we'll see the living conditions are really really appalling almost inhuman conditions they've been living out here this is a very very very basic toilet facilities available that's the toilet two toilets in one shower unit 445 people right now I seriously wish the world would wake up and look beyond the glitter to the actual darkness which is there behind I seriously don't think there is a lot of moral consciousness amongst the employers over here and I would not say just one or two company most of the companies have absolutely no regard for the human life or the human element of this job that is involved absolutely no legally I see

they're building a fire there there is a hub in the building but there's no gas the company don't supply them with gas so they just build themselves a fire in the backyard and that's that's how they cook for all 45min so they don't have water they don't have cooking facilities no I know that Lele they're completely independent where they get they scrape together I mean we spoke to guys who said all month a bread rice potatoes that's all they I said you know what about meat or fish they meet every meat or fish they had two or three times a month they can eat meat or fish and we went into one kitchen and we saw the guys cooking you know their luxury portion of fish for the month and it was like four Guppies I mean four fish like this big that was all it was they are easy prey for recruitment agents in their home countries who charge them huge fees just for the privilege of working in Dubai on average they pay around 2,000 pounds a sum of money so high they have to take out loan sell family land to pay it yeah they're an estimated 3 million of these workers in the Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates so if they're paying two thousand pounds each that's some serious money what's that for it's called a visa fee and it's supposed to cover the visa and the flight which of course is much less than two thousand pounds but that's what it's called is the visa fee it should the fee for the agent to arrange the privilege and be able to go and work in in this paradise and is there actually a visa fee it's illegal for the company or its representatives to charge the workers for the visa or the transport there would be a contract st. and the host state and he would then be fluent to Dubai on arrival in Dubai that contract would effectively be wrapped up he would be paid sometimes half of what the intended salary was and his passport would also be confiscated that's gorgeous guys it's very interesting unless the Indian agent or so outraged by what she found when she found these workers she wrote to everybody she could think of I mean obviously everyone in the Dubai government but Amnesty International human every buddy nobody replied he's the only person that replied he used to work for an oil company in Edward Abbey I'm so outraged by what he saw and being done to the worker he's now set up an NGO called Mathew Worcester and he was the only one that applied to Alamos well so nobody cares no does the Forgotten slaves of device yeah well they weren't they they're largely not now in the first place these men were shunted from Camp to camp before ending up here in the jobless or forced to serve out their contracts the families they left behind do not receive any money from them there is no get out clause even if their passports were returned to them they could attract basically yes you can say they are in kind of a poundage to the company for the span of the contractor they are here doing passports illegally yes there are a lot of things were just supposed to be illegal but this will happen here and it's very regular that happens very often there are some laws in place for example there was an orange juice recently where if the temperature go to about 50 degrees and it is the workers are supposed to down tools and rest until it gets cooler so as a result the temperature never went about 50 degrees how can it not but officially it never went above 50 degrees I mean it did go about 50 degrees but according to official records it never went about 50 degrees high work has never stopped working god damned also to be allowed huh Katie doesn't Dixie there's nothing for me I borrowed from other people to buy food it's been 5 months he has not paid me at all I can look up you know is it I have begged for food will remain hungry somehow or other I'm surviving my wife and children tell me to send some money or come back where will I go it took an hour for the workers to travel back to their camp they wanted to speak out didn't dare reveal their identities like every other worker we spoke to in Dubai they were in debt and claimed they were not being paid the money they were promised by their recruiting agent so I grabbed a hard hat and snuck into the camp with a secret camera did you have to shoot a lot on hidden camera yeah I mean a lot of the interviews all of the footage inside the camps on a hidden camera because if you get caught you can get in trouble and allegedly the government have got paid informers all over the place in hotels taxis everywhere so yeah you've got to be gonna be really careful out there so basically the big sort of main thoroughfare that separates the accommodation for you that's just well deep slick mud and they say urine and from the toilet actually the areas around the toilets are the the wettest muddiest and smelly area so I'd say they're saying I'm telling the truth there were so many rivers of sewage blocking so many of the walkways that workers will actually set up a network of stepping stones to get back to their accommodation so it must have wreaked yeah horrible I mean they said to me this is all raw sewage I know I didn't know whether they were telling the truth or not and I soon as you get close to it you you know hits here okay so their toilets are just going out on to the streets yeah the areas between the toilet blocks with the most disgusting there was no doubt this is where the problem was coming from the waterworks okay they can't flush it away off there used to Tyler I tried to check every single tap a lot of them there was no tap to turn a lot let me turn it and no water comes out so yeah they can't they can't flush it away it just sits there I got to I don't know the fourth or fifth toilet and I just started wetting so I couldn't take it hey and you're not a squeamish guy I mean you've been to Afghanistan even to the Congo you've been to all the bad places on well under taker with that buddy worked as an undertaker but yeah this is gonna be pretty bad and the workers I spoke to that night said this is good compared to how it has been well in a statement the company blamed the workers saying their standards of cleanliness and hygiene are not up to you or

our standards it's very difficult to change the habits that they unfortunately bring with them in their countries of origin panorama has obtained documents which reveal it's more likely to be Arab Tech's own cleaning regime which is the problem a day before are filmed in the camp toilets in January the Dubai authorities warned Arab tech about insufficient cleaning of toilets so the goat the government knows about it we're doing about it we were quite impressed that the government had been there and said the situation was critical but they find them 2,000 pounds they hadn't done anything no it was it was still awful a month later and we've put these allegations to the company and they basically say as a workers fault trade unions and collective bargaining are illegal in Dubai and with the companies themselves now suffering because of the international financial crisis the consequences of complaining are worse than ever before what does a guy Tom - sir tackled a cop which they are telling now that you have come you stay and work we find any mistakes in the work then finish back to Bangladesh and no longer cheat if you work well if the company prospers in the future we will see what can be arranged for you so do you think there's a chance things could improve for you we have no hope to the future we are helpless so you've got three million workers that are brought over there passports are taken away they're not getting them paid the money that they should in fact they don't have enough money really to eat they have a squalid conditions raw sewage you just came back from there I mean how do you feel coming back from from from the City of Light so well the reality of Dubai is the complete opposite to what you see on television magazines in fact they asked the Indian agent I said you know what do you think up now when you see all these glossy pictures and videos from Dubai she said now I just see skeletons Oh Skidmore College.