Page 1

CURRENT PROJECTS

COURTNEY CUSHARD 2013


TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT

PLAN FOR DELMAR LOOP & FOREST PARK–DEBALIVIERE STATIONS ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI 2013 H3 Studio was contracted by the St. Louis Development Corporation to create Station Area Plans and Form Based Districts for 6 MetroLink stations throughout St. Louis. Delmar Loop and Forest Park–DeBaliviere were addressed as one station area because they share a 1/2 mile transit shed and in the future will be joined by the Loop Trolley. Downtown, Stadium Station and Arch-Laclede’s Station were designed as well as 2 stations along the proposed Northside Southside alignment. The project is intended to jump start the development of dense, walkable, and transit oriented development around the MetroLink stations that have not yet capitalized on their latent potential as mixed-use urban hubs well served by transit. H3 worked closely with residents, stakeholders, and the project technical committee to ensure that plans are realistic and meet the vision and needs of the surrounding neighborhoods. The plan includes recommended improvements to streets, parks, and infrastructure to maximize access to the stations and achieve environmental best management practices. It provides estimated costs of the public infrastructure improvements and outlines mechanisms to provide incentives and implementation funding. The plan also proposes regulatory tools to support the market-based and community-driven vision for the next 30 years of development. As a project designer, I created analysis plans and diagrams, public presentations, final plans, 3D models, sections, and parts of the Form-Based District. Sustainability played a key role in the design and development of the plan and environmental and developmental best practices were essential in creating the final recommendations. H3 worked closely with development strategies to ensure that the vision is market-based. The densest development is concentrated within 1/4 mile of the MetroLink stations, and the Form Based District is developed with regulations to create a walkable urban environment that will be desirable for every generation of urban dwellers.


Cabanne Ave. Ave .

Clemens Ave.

Enright Ave.

Goodfellow Ave.

Cates Ave.

Hamilton Ave.

Ho

m dia

on

ne

.

ban

ve tA

Ca

Delmar Blvd.

Delmar Blvd.

De

Des Peres Ave.

Pershing Ave.

Rosedale Ave.

Skinker Blvd.

Gi

Laurel St.

Lucier Park

ve

rv

ille

DeBaliviere Ave.

Washington Ave.

Av e

.

Waterman Ave.

Forest Park Parkway

Lindell Blvd.

Forest Park

Station Area Plan

Proposed Section at Delmar MetroLink Station


Proposed Station Area Massing and Use Models


Proposed Station Area Perspectives and Sections


SKINKER DEBALIVIERE

URBAN DESIGN AND NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT PLAN ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI 2012 - 2013 The Skinker DeBaliviere Communtiy Council comissioned H3 Studio to create an Urban Design and Neighborhood Development to serve their community over the next 20 years. Skinker DeBaliviere is a historic and diverse community with narrow tree lined streets and historic multi-family and single family homes. The neighborhood is directly adjacent to Washington Univeristy and Forest Park and serves many generations including college age students, young professionals, families, and the elderly. The residential core is strong but needs redevelopment to serve the changing needs of the population. The edges of the neighborhood are challenged-- they are disconnected from neighborhood residents and have auto-oriented development that does not meet the daily needs of the community. The entire neighborhood is within walking distance of three different MetroLink stations and has a great opportunity to become the premiere, multi-genereational transit-oriented community in the St. Louis region, so Transit Oriented Development will be a key component of the plan. The final plan seeks to capitalize on the unique assets of the community by preserving historic housing; continuing residential redevelopment to serve community needs; capitalizing on ongoing investment in transit, bike, and pedestrian infrastructure; improving and increasing parks and open space; and carefully planning the edges of the neighborhood so future development serves residents and visitors and meets the high standards of design and development that the community demands. As a project designer, I participated in conceptual and schematic development, context and neighborhood analysis, development of plan options, development streetscape and intersection options, stakeholder interviews, client group meetings, and public workshops. I also helped coordinate a walk-bike neighborhood audit completed in the spring of 2013.


Schematic Preferred Neighborhood Design and Development Plan

Schematic Design and Neighborhood Analysis

Des Peres Avenue Cross Section


Skinker Blvd. Design Options

Typical Neighborhood Intersection and Midblock Crossings


Des Peres Avenue at Forest Park Parkway Intersection Design Options

DeBaliviere Ave. at Forest Park Parkway Intersection Design Option

Schematic Street Sections


PARKVIEW GARDENS

NEIGHBORHOOD SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PLAN PLAN ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI 2011 - 2013 H3 Studio assisted the Parkview Gardens Association, University City, and Washington University in St. Louis in the creation of the regions’ first neighborhood sustainable development plan. It was funded by a joint grant from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) program Partnership for Sustainable Communities. For this process, H3 Studio analyzed and creating plans for the neighborhood at three (3) scales: the Context Plan Area, the Neighborhood Development Plan Area, and the 3 Park Sites. From a very large scale the team ensured that the plan integrates with all City of St. Louis and University City planning projects and review the context with which the project fits in. At the neighborhood scale, extensive sustainabilty systems research informed a comprehensive and holistic plan that integrates sustainable design solutions and makes them measurable with a Sustainability Action Plan with objectives and strategies. The Plan outlines a sustainable future for the neighborhood while ensuring a strong connection to public transporation, unique park spaces, integrated walking and biking infrastructure, and a development form and program that accomodates the diverse population and future potential for the neighborhood. As a project designer, I participated in all phases of design, development, and final document creation. I completed indepth sustainable neighborhood systems research and analysis, including conceptual diagrams and representations of sustainability relationships. I created plans and sections as well as the sustainability action plan, and participated in stakeholder interviews, client group meetings, and public workshops.


Neighborhood Sustainable Development Plan

Development Program and Massing

View of proposed Loop Trolly on Delmar Boulevard at Skinker Boulevard


Building Height Legend 2 - 4 Stories 3 - 5 Stories 3 - 8 Stories 3- 12 stories

Proposed Development at Delmar Blvd. and Westgate Ave. Building Use Legend Commercial Mixed Use Residential Civic/Institutional

Proposed Development at Clemens Ave. Building Massing and Use Diagrams

Arts, Culture & Education Institutions Alternative Parking

Expand existing and create new institutions. Expand influence to support cultural neighborhood growth

R.A.C.

M O O N R Farmer s I Marke t S E

rry Hill

Bluebe

T I V O L I

Recycling Plant

Lions Gates

University City Civic Complex

Landmarks

Public Art

Loop Trolley

Restaurants Remains central civic center at edge of the Loop and neighborhood

Increased transit allows alternative parking strategies

Example Sustainability Systems/Neighborhood Ecology Diagrams

The Loop

Bike Infrastructure

Community Gardens

Ackert Walkway

Increased transit accessibility to other regional and job centers


Proposed Development at Loop North Drive

Reduced residential parking code to maintain existing ratio, increase density, and leave parking to market

Neighborhood edges redefined. Skinker Corridor and North Campus mixed-use and Education Development. Olive edge redeveloped with housing and neighborhood-scale retail

Structured parking reduces surface lots and increases opportunities for development

Supports vibrant, active streets; walkability; and maintains historic character

Neighborhood Streets

Green & White Roofs

high-tech amenities encourage high-tech, creative, and research businesses

Mixed-Use Dev. Urban Forest

Smart Community Infrastructure

Renewable Energy

Parks & Public Space

Housing

Increased Loop density, alleviated parking and traffic issues

Green Medians, Green Alleys & Permeable Paving

Affordable Housing

Grocery Store North Campus MetroLink Loop/Commercial Skinker Corridor District Energy Parking Needed neighborhood amenity anchors important intersection

Housing diversity and density meets market development

Maintain socially, generationally, and mixed-income diverse and sustainable neighborhood population

More transit options reduce need for large surface parking lots


DELMAR LOOP RETAIL STUDY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY AND PUBLIC LIFE SURVEY

ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI 2011 H3 Studio worked closely with HR&A for Washington University and University City to create a retail strategy and development plan for the Delmar Loop as it continues it’s eastward expansion and adds the Loop Trolley. During the charrette planning process, stakeholder interviews, and round-table discussions, H3 created 3 development scenarios with detailed public realm improvement recommendations. Integral to the development strategy were the findings of a detailed analysis of the built fabric and the street life along proposed Loop Trolley route and at the Delmar Loop and Forest Park-DeBaliviere MetroLink stations. This Public Life Survey included a detailed public realm analysis lead by myself and a group of 3 colleagues. We recorded and analyzed a variety of existing conditions data and observations about how the stations affected the street life and built environment within the study area. Examples of this information include: modal counts and modal shift counts; behavioral mappings; access, circulation, and parking; building height, condition, setback, ownership, entrances, and use; neighborhood structure; and life on the street. The surveys set out to determine: 1) how the MetroLink is accessed and what impact it has on the quantity of people activating the public realm and activating the retail; and, 2) how the built conditions impact street life. These surveys in turn led to more questions, such as: do poorer building and sidewalk conditions actually kill pedestrian street life; what is the impact of ground floor vacancy on the street; do tall buildings make bad pedestrian environments; and, are parking lots or parallel parking better for an active urban street? The design team used the recommendations to inform the future form of development and the public realm necessary to support the vision.


Preferred Development Plan

Context Analysis


Public Space Improvement Plan

Delmar Loop MetroLink Station Public Realm Analysis


Forest Park–DeBaliviere MetroLink Station Public Life Survey and Rendering of Proposed Development Plan


BLULINK

THURMAN UNDERPASS COMPETITION ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI 2013 The Thurman Underpass is a lifeless, unsafe connection between two reviving neighborhoods, Shaw and Botanical Heights. The edges to the north and south of Interstate 44 have slowly begun to erode due to inactivity, seclusion, and transient character. The intention of this design is to construct a flexible, safe, container for activity and passage between one neighborhood and the other; to provide a destination, an exciting experience and new function for the residual space; and to unite the neighborhood as one. The three (3) basic strategies employed to form the design include: at-grade urban pavement painting and way-finding information; a structured, and human animated light tunnel; and multi-functional street furniture. The ground paintings are important way-finding information necessary to indicate important cross-neighborhood connections, and bike routes. The repetitive chevron pattern aligns with the mode of transit, such as bike lanes, pedestrian sidewalks, and future vehicle lanes. The blue tunnel of light is created by a series of structural steel poles, cables, and linear light strings spaced accordingly throughout the length of the under-passageway. The lights are controlled by a motion-senor which adjusts the intensity of lights on one side based on activity occurring on the other side; thus doubling the amount of activity within the space. The soft, blue light emitted from the LED light strings will increase visibility and safety, while acting as an animated, artistic light exhibit and unique destination experience. At both ends and the middle of the light tunnel, artistic steel furniture will act as vehicular bollards, and allow for flexible programming of the spaces, such as a cocktail gathering, street art show, or public speaking event. The BLULINK is intended to act as an intermittent, temporary event space which will serve as both a destination for, and connection between the two neighborhoods, increasing social capital with programmed events, enhancing access and connectivity with new pedestrian and bicycle facilities, and establishing a vital link to revitalize the area.


Aerial View. Cross Section Above.


Plan

1. SIDEWALKS

2. PAINT PATTERNS

• New sidewalks are seven (7) feet wide safely accommodating more pedestrians • Standard ADA accessible curb cuts increase access and safety • New concrete improves appearance, eliminates cracks and trip hazards, and weeds

Diagram of Design Components

Longitudinal Section

HTS

TO

BOTANICAL

3. URBAN FURNITURE = BOLLARDS

• Reflective white road paint in chevron patterns denotes sidewalks, bike lanes, and future car travel lanes • Patterns and graphics give travelers directions to neighborhood, streets, and local destinations • The reflectivity increases light and safety in the underpass • Continuity and uniqueness of patterns links Botanical Heights and Shaw • Ground plane interest simultaneously creates a place for movement and an exciting gathering space in the underpass

• Four (4) variations of simple bent steel outdoor furniture create chairs, benches, planters, and table-height surfaces • Clusters of the furniture at each intersection create bollards to eliminate vehicular traffic, but can be removed and reused later • Simple angular joints and only 4 variations allow for easy construction done by local contractors

4. TUB


BE STRUCTURE

5. BLUE LIGHTS

6. COMPOSITE See general description and aerial view above for more detail

• Ten (10) light posts (without the fixture) are spaced fifty (50) feet apart through the under pass to create the base structure • Steel structural cables stabilize the posts and allow light strand to hang securely and uniformly • If/when lighting is removed, posts can become part of the neighborhood streetscape and lighting plan

• Lights always glow ambiently, but are activated by movement • When motion sensors detect movement at one end of the tunnel, the lights at the opposite end glow brighter: activity in one neighborhood creates light in the other • The bluelink is a space of movement and activity that connects the neighborhoods through light • The bluelink is a recognizable destination for travelers, residents and visitors

2’

5’

10’

5’

2’

• Blue led strand light bulbs are hung on the structure to illuminate the underpass • Each of the 5 structural bays has a different strand spacing: the 2 end bays outside of the underpass have a closer spacing for better illumination. Inside the tunnel, strands are space 5 feet and 10 feet apart • Unique lighting strategy uses energy efficient bulbs, increases visibility and safety, and creates an exciting passage and destination between the two neighborhoods


ST. LOUIS ZOO

FOREST PARK HOSPITAL EXPANSION ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI 2012 This Master Plan for the St. Louis Zoo’s land acquisition south of Highway 64 seeks to accomodate local residents’ interests, provide top-tier facilities for zoological research, and expand on the world-class caliber of the Zoo’s current attractions. South Campus should work to enhance the social and economic fabric of Dogtown, while expanding on the park and zoo amenities outside of Forest Park. This proposal creates a strong streetscape along Clayton Avenue to providing a sense of entry into the heart of Dogtown. Building massing is scaled to accommodate the height of the seven story parking structure. Programming is mixed-use along this corridor, with permeations creating pedestrian entrances into the zoo as well as mediating between neighborhood and regional attraction. This plan creates four zones that comprise the experience of South Campus: 1) Visitor’s Area: Mixed-use retail and commercial spaces help pull visitors and residents through the southern portion of the site, offering local businesses and institutions office space close to this new community destination. These buildings form a permeable buffer between the Dogtown neighborhood and the St. Louis Zoo’s Southern Campus. A central fountain is surrounded by smaller outdoor animal exhibits to house amphibians, reptiles, fish, and birds. This nexus provides visitors with a space for leisure, strolling, or swimming, as well as an area for hosting educational tours and group visits. The fountain acts as a termination plaza for the pedestrian bridge. 2) Wildlife Habitat: The pedestrian bridge is elevated above a region of native plantings and species, serving as a “living” exhibit, capable of being experienced from both above and at ground level via a network of extensive exercise paths. This wildlife area’s proximity to laboratory facilities makes it an opportune location to conduct research. 3) Science & Research: The Gerhold School of Nursing is re-purposed as bio-science research and relocated administration offices. Space on top of the existing northeast parking structure will be left available to support future facilities expansion. 4) Community Recreation: Existing surface parking to the west will be re-appropriated as recreation and leisure spaces. An enhanced pedestrian pathway guides visitors towards the central plaza at the center of South Campus. Sports fields and a new dog park provide Dogtown residents with communal spaces, separate from zoo programming that the neighborhood is currently lacking.


Plan


Schematic Site Organization

Site Section


Site Circulation


HONGKOU DISTRICT

A SELF-SUSTAINING WATERFRONT DISTRICT IN DOWNTOWN SHANGHAI SHANGHAI, CHINA 2011 The Hongkou District in Shanghai is at the intersection of Suzhou Creek, Hongkou Creek, and the Huang Pu River at the confluence of one of the most quickly developing cities in the world. The neighborhood is rapidly changing; the historic neighborhood typologies are being overtaken by new skyscrapers that lack any consideration for ecological and community functions. At the larger context, China is suffering from an array of water related problems including scarcity, pollution, and unfair access to clean water. The Hongkou District is situated at the confluence of these three water bodies and is prime for holistic and sustainable redevelopment. Currently, the streets and blocks are disconnected from the waterfronts with high floodwalls and privately owned land. There is no significant public space associated with the rivers in this district and high walls line many vacant lots creating unfriendly pedestrian streets. The plan gives identity to the district by relinking the urban fabric with the surrounding water resources to create an integrated livable water district. The 3 different scales of the water bodies help define zones in the district that are suited for particular buildings types and uses. The riverfront on Huang Pu adjacent to the Bund and Pudong demands a vibrant large scale urban strategy as the face of the Hongkou District. This incorporates the new elements for water sustainability and will be a public riverfront destination with mixed-use housing, commercial and cultural spaces. The Suzhou Creek is redeveloped into a regional destination that links existing commercial streets with new riverfront housing and public spaces. Hongkou Creek is suited for local business and residential development with improved access to the creek for recreation and neighborhood activities. Integrated water collection, filtration, storage and distribution alleviate problems of water contamination and water scarcity. The resulting urban spaces relink the existing streets and blocks to the riverfront, providing public space for residents with integrated wetlands, reservoirs, and water catchment systems that use natural systems to alleviate flooding and water cleanliness problems that the district is facing today. Existing economic drivers like active streets, commercial zones, historic attractions, and new cultural attractions link to an active riverfront zone. Public space extends to the riverfront increasing the amount of land available for development and will increase land value and grow the vitality of the district.


+ 3 street level at creek crossing ×

×

-.5 creek level (varies)

×

+1.5 street level at mid block + 3 street level at creek crossing ×

× - 0.5 wetland level 1

×

-.5 reservoir level 1

× 0 standard street level

- 0.5 wetland level 1

×

×

-.5 reservoir level 1

× +3.5 ground level

×

-1.5 reservoir level 2 ×

×

+2.5 sloped wetland level

× +1 sloped wetland level at creek edge

+1.5 reservoir level 2

×

×

- 0.5 reservoir level 1

water treatment plant and offices

+2.5 wetland level 3

× +1.5 wetland level 2 × +.5 wetland level 1

×

+1.5 reservoir level 2

with metro station & public plaza on ground floor

×

+2.5 reservoir level 3

-2.5 reservoir level 3

× - 1 river level (varies)

× +3.5 flood wall

×

+3.25 wetland level 8 ×

× +3 wetland level 4

n bridge height

× +3.5 flood wall height

×

+2.5 reservoir level 3

×

- 1 creek level (varies)

× +3.5 flood wall

+3.25 wetland level 8 +3.5 flood wall

×

×

×

0 wetland level 1

+1 theatre opens to river

×

+ 4.5 existing bridge height

×

×

× - 1 river level

+ 4 pedestrian bridge height

northwest basin

water from treatment plant distributed to district

liaohe river basin

black water from district goes to wetland rainwater collected on rooftop flows into wetland

haihe river basin

inland river basin

water from reservoir to water treatment plant

yellow sea

yellow river basin

stormwater from district goes to wetland

huaihe river basin danjiangkou reservoir Three Gorges Dam

water from wetland directly to water treatment plant

east china sea

southwest river basin dongting lake

yangtze river basin

fujian & zhejiang river basins

pearl river basin

China’s river basins.

Regional water network of Shanghai.

south china sea 0

500 km

n

tio ra

ae

aerated water stored in reservoir

Hongkou District

Suzhou Creek

er nds at w to tla er in we riv ened k ta pp e st

Drains in the Lilong block.

wetland cleans used water from district and sends it into the river

gray water from district goes back through wetland filtration cycle

Huangpu River Shanghai water networks. Shanghai means ‘upper sea.’

Outside plumbing.

Cooking outside where amenities are.

Trash dump on Hongkou Creek.

River systems bordering our site.

Barges on the Huangpu River.


Create a Centralized Recognizable Entry to the District by rearranging roads to be more pedestrian friendly, siting buildings to hold the street corner, and creating a new metro stop for easy site accessability and improved walkability Repurpose Existing Highrise Buildings to Integrate with new Public Spaces by redesigning how the building meets the ground. Highlight Gistoric Buildings with new Adjacent Public Spaces and Water Sustainability Systems Integrate Water Collection and Retention into neighborhoods to create an amenity, a central public space, and to ease issues of flooding and water supply.

Use Terraced Wetlands where Flood Walls Once Existed to maintain the required distance between river and street but without the extreme physical barrier. Wetlands create a publicly accessable space for recreation and neighborhood gathering. Extend Existing Streets and Blocks to connect the neighborhood with riverfront spaces and amenities. Use a mix of Building and Housing Types to encourage social and economic diversity of the site. Site Cultural Buildings in Prominent Locations at the end of the piers to create a vibrant and iconic riverfront skyline and to create destinations withing the public space network

Remove road next to Suzhou Creek to make riverfront pedestrian friendly. Parks, fishing ponds, and rain gardens adjacent to river provide public space amenity for residents

Introduce Pedestrian Bridges to link riverfront destinations and public spaces. 1:2000 20m

Town Identity

New Neighborhood Typology ytitnedI weN yddaP eciR decarreT


CHICAGO RIVER DAM

URBAN PARK + ECOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 2011 The Chicago River Dam is a multifunctional urban infrastructure intervention. It is both necessary ecological infrastructure, new public space, and mixed-use development. Ecologically, the dam is necessary because of decades-old decision to reverse the flow of the Chicago River. The Chicago River is now connected to the Mississippi River, the Gulf of Mexico, and the entire oceananic ecology, leaving it exposed to invasive species, most significantly Asian Carp, which threaten to destroy the fresh water ecology of the Great Lakes. The Chicago River also suffers the consequences of the industrial development of the city and is so polluted that it is not suitable for human contact. The public space of the riverwalk is relegated to only the west bank of the river and as a public resource, it is failing. The Dam plays against the curve of the river as it moves through the Loop downtown. It is a straight linear park that creates an ecological filter for the polluted water and a clean recreational pool and new riverfront public space for residents and visitors of downtown Chicago. The clean pool holds 19,550,000 gallons of water. The single block west of the site collects 37,550,000 gallons per year, so the water collected as runoff is treated in a series of aerobic and anaerobic barrels in the face of the west riverbank. The water is pumped through the dam and back through the north branch of the river to Lake Michigan. Effluent from the east bank is captured and flows south through a constructed wetland where it is cleaned by phyto-remediation before it flows back into the Des Plaines River. The linear park is at the water level of the clean pool and has a series of recreational functions that reactivate the banks of the river with both summer and winter functions like kayaking, swimming, ice skating and more. Shops, hotels and restaurants along with ecological research centers occupy the new developments at the unique new intersection of ecological infrastructure and new public space.


North Branch Chicago River

riverwalk

n

ga

ichi

ke

k to

M

La

al

rw

rive

p up ram e to Lak

bike path irs sta up to ke La and

cafe & market pavilion

er ack W

A

eco-urban research center gallery & educational center residential

gift shop & cafe

h

big hill for sunbathing & sledding

indoor & outdoor recreation spaces

ra

n c

retail/ restaurant

b h n o rt

ri ve r

o g a

fr o m

c

picnicing & performances

h ic

paddle boat rental

B retail/ residential

stairs up to Randolph

fire hydrant fountain

stairs up to Randolph

C

iss

m to

cafe restaurant

bowling hotel

ballroom plaza

stairs up to Washington

hotel ballroom

Lower Waker Drive

stairs up to Washington

from lake mic

higan

from lake mic

r river er ppi riv i e s i iv sis ipp pi r s missis sip to is sis s m i om tto

butterfly garden chlorinated hot tubs

i

iss

bocce ball

bowling

ppi

r rive

fr fr fr o o o mm m c c n cn n h h o ho ic ic rticrt ort h a a h ah g g g b o o br obr ra ri ri anrai n n ve ve cvec c h r r h rh

stairs up to Randolph

.3 p.v

higan from higa from lake lake mic michigann

CHCIAGO CONSUMES 1 BILLION GALLONS OF WATER FROM LAKE MICHIGAN PER DAY ( and only 1% of that water is renewed to the lake)

1/2 court basketball restaurant

27 BILLION GALLONS OF UNTREATED WASTE WATER ARE DUMPED INTO THE CHICAGO RIVER EACH YEAR (one of every 25 flushes goes directly into the chicago river)

outdoor movies Civic Opera House

D

fresh water swimming pool

IF ASIAN CARP REACH THE GREAT GALLONS LAKES ECOSYSTEM, WILL DEVISTATE THEPER DAY CHCIAGO CONSUMES 1 BILLION OF WATERTHEY FROM LAKE MICHIGAN ECOLOGY AND( and ECONOMY THEtoWORLDS only 1%OF of THE that GREAT water isLAKES, renewed the lake)LARGEST FRESH CHCIAGO CONSUMES 1 BILLION GALLONS OF WATER FROM LAKE MICHIGAN PER DAY WATER RESOURCE CHCIAGO CONSUMES 1 BILLION GALLONS OF WATER FROM LAKE MICHIGAN PER DAY ( and only 1% of that water is renewed to the lake) 27 BILLION GALLONS OF1% UNTREATED WASTE WATER ARE DUMPED ( and only of that water is renewed to the lake) INTO THE CHICAGO RIVER EACH YEAR 27 BILLION GALLONS OF UNTREATED WASTE WATER ARE DUMPED INTO THE CHICAGO BILLION (one of every 25 flushes goes directly into the chicago river) 27 GALLONS OF UNTREATED WASTE WATER ARE DUMPED INTO THE CHICAGO RIVER EACH YEAR RIVER EACH YEAR (one of every 25 flushes goes directly into the chicago river) REACH THE GREAT LAKES ECOSYSTEM, THEY WILL DEVISTATE THE IF ASIAN CARP(one of every 25 flushes goes directly into the chicago river) ECOLOGY AND ECONOMY OF THE GREAT LAKES, THE WORLDS LARGEST FRESH IF ASIAN CARP REACH THE GREAT LAKES ECOSYSTEM, THEY WILL DEVISTATE THE WATER IF ASIANRESOURCE CARP REACH THE GREAT LAKES ECOSYSTEM, THEY WILL DEVISTATE THE ECOLOGY AND ECONOMY OF THE GREAT LAKES, THE WORLDS LARGEST FRESH ECOLOGY AND ECONOMY OF THE GREAT LAKES, THE WORLDS LARGEST FRESH WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE

stairs up to Madison

p.v.2

fresh water hot tubs

E Chicago Mercantile Exchange

floating tubes & sun bathing

stairs up to Monroe

NS LLO A G 886 , 4 S S 8 OLN OSSN L L 37,5 N L OA N G0A A12LLLLGO 86678G ,A 8 G , 84,8988,56 NSS 377,,,5558844,81 LLO NS A ON 337 2 GALLLLO ,01 GA

stairs up to Monroe

chlorinated swimming pool & hockey rink

F world gym

THE CLEAN POOL HOLDS 19,578,012 GALLONS OF WATER

stair up to Adams

578 0122 G 19,,57788,,01 1199,5

stair up

s

to Adam

sports equipment rental living machine (8 barrel system to clean stormwater runoff)

G

lounging lawn retail

apple orchard

H

stair up to plaza .1 p.v

cherry trees

retail

snacks/ cafe

stair up

persimmon trees

wetland 1

kayak launch

son

to Jack

stair up to Jackson

THE WATER COLLECTED AS RUNOFF FROM THE FIRST BLOCK WEST IS TREATED IN A SERIES OF AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC BARRELS IN THE FACE OF THE WEST RIVER BANK THE CLEAN POOL HOLDS 19,578,012 GALLONS OF WATER AS THE WATER NEEDS TO BE CIRCULATED, IT IS PUMPED THROUGH THE DAM AND THE CLEAN POOL HOLDS 19,578,012 GALLONS OF WATER BACK THROUGH THE NORTH OF THE RIVER TO LAKE MICHIGAN THE CLEAN SINGLE BLOCK WEST OF BRANCH THE SITE GALLONS COLLECTS 37,584,886 GALLONS PER YEAR THE POOL HOLDS 19,578,012 OF WATER BASED ON ANNUAL RAINFALL CALCULATIONS. THE SINGLE BLOCK WEST OF THE SITE COLLECTS 37,584,886 GALLONS PER YEAR EFFLUENT FROM THEWEST EAST OF BANK IS CAPTURED IN THE DAM AND FLOWS THE SINGLE BLOCK THEOUTLFOWS SITE COLLECTS 37,584,886 GALLONS PER YEAR BASED ON ANNUAL RAINFALL CALCULATIONS. SOUTH THROUGH A RAINFALL CONSTRUCTED WETLAND WHERE IT IS CLEANED THROUGH THE WATER COLLECTED AS RUNOFF FROM THE FIRST BLOCK WEST IS TREATED IN A BASED ON ANNUAL CALCULATIONS. PHYTOREMEDIATION BEFORE IT FLOWSBARRELS INTO THE DES FACE PLAINES SERIES OF AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC IN THE OF RIVER. THE WEST RIVER BANK THE WATER COLLECTED AS RUNOFF FROM THE FIRST BLOCK WEST IS TREATED IN A THE WATER COLLECTED AS RUNOFF FROM THE FIRST BLOCK WEST IS TREATED IN A SERIES OF AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC BARRELS IN THE FACE OF THETHE WEST RIVER BANK AS THE WATER NEEDS TO BE CIRCULATED, IT IS PUMPED THROUGH DAM AND SERIES OF AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC BARRELS IN THE FACE OF THE WEST RIVER BANK BACK THROUGH THE NORTH BRANCH OF THE RIVER TO LAKE MICHIGAN AS THE WATER NEEDS TO BE CIRCULATED, IT IS PUMPED THROUGH THE DAM AND AS THE WATER NEEDS TO BE CIRCULATED, IT IS PUMPED THROUGH THE DAM AND BACK THROUGH THE NORTH BRANCH OF THE RIVER TO LAKE MICHIGAN EFFLUENT FROM THE BANK OUTLFOWS CAPTURED IN MICHIGAN THE DAM AND FLOWS BACK THROUGH THE EAST NORTH BRANCH OF THEISRIVER TO LAKE SOUTH THROUGH A CONSTRUCTED WETLAND WHERE IT IS CLEANED THROUGH EFFLUENT FROM THE EAST BANK OUTLFOWS CAPTURED IN THE DAM AND FLOWS PHYTOREMEDIATION BEFORE IT FLOWS INTO IS THE DES PLAINES RIVER. EFFLUENT FROM THE EAST BANK OUTLFOWS IS CAPTURED IN THE DAM AND FLOWS SOUTH THROUGH A CONSTRUCTED WETLAND WHERE IT IS CLEANED THROUGH SOUTH THROUGH A CONSTRUCTED WETLAND WHERE IT IS CLEANED THROUGH PHYTOREMEDIATION BEFORE IT FLOWS INTO THE DES PLAINES RIVER. PHYTOREMEDIATION BEFORE IT FLOWS INTO THE DES PLAINES RIVER.

I wetland 2

ted r lec ate c o l r mw sto of f run

ramp up

community garden

community garden wetland 3 community garden

stair up to Van Buren

stair up to Van Buren

wetland 6

LOWER LEVEL PLAN

LIVING MACHINES & WASTE HEAT LIVING MACHINES LIVING LIVING & WASTE HEAT MACHINES MACHINES & & WASTE WASTE HEAT HEAT

t e d t etderd r r lec lellceact ewwa taet e col crocmlow rmrm sto sotsoftfo ofoff f run rurnun

J wetland 5

m m mm fro loc k e a t y froy yfrlfooroc klolecoakctke aeta t h e r e re rt b t bt bh h h ery t b ov firs helpecoveceoncvofivrsn nfihrfiesrlsphehleplp r e c in r r ri i i a t ings e r to e a t e aeintagt sinignesgrstoe retroto he h h h ildildriv rirviv v i d d l l r i i bu st of bu bsubt uofstsot fof e eb bsbs we t t u bs we w t twu t ttutu ho ho hoho

wetland 4

urban farm restaurant office residential theatre

THE SINGLE BLOCK WEST OF THE SITE COLLECTS 37,584,886 GALLONS PER YEAR BASED ON ANNUAL RAINFALL CALCULATIONS.

g ivin e an el l arr o cl f f 8 b hin e t r r uno c m a wa t e rm sto g ivin e an el l arr oinclg f f 8 b hrienlelliitvvrincrlguenaaonn aac rrr elea t eoo clenoff ff 88mbbarm nne t r ruuno hiw stoaacchiw a tt eer r m m r mw a ssttoorm

te rea to c rin g mp m du u p a eat e d al h t h r m s on the mate o e i g o c l n t hs ate r cre g mic t e r mo p to cdrueaarittnee m n i o cre ingg pu dpatm w eat m e to durrin al h nt pthuumpam du erm altehseeaaot pthee ddam h t alttehhss oonn th geo ohcelrrim n s r m eioc tthe m imoaate s gm geiocnrtooeccr llimonntthhs r mo wic e r m m m t r winnte

d n c te lea st ru to c con lands fluent t f w e ow e fl ou t d n c te lea st ru tdo c n con lat rnudccstteeflducellneeaat n u o oentsst r des ftto c nt cw couenttflllaaonnwdes f flfluueent owet ow ef w fl w

CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS CONSTRUCTED CONSTRUCTED CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS WETLANDS WETLANDS


VERTICAL ECOTONE

PLANT & ANIMAL HABITAT

HUMAN & PLANT & ANIMAL HABITAT (integration of indoor/outdoor habitat)

HUMAN HABITAT (inward focused activities)

HUMAN HABITAT (clear connection to outdoors) HUMAN HABITAT + WATER HABITAT

EXISTING RIVER CONDITIONS The public space of the riverwalk is relegated to only the west bank of the river. The river is currently so polluted that it's not suitable for human contact. As a public resource, it is failing. It is not a real recource for city dwellers, it is only an under-utilized relic of the industrial past of chicago.

NEW RIVER CONDITIONS The new public space condition has expanded to include the full extent of the river, it banks, and the water. The dam creates a third river condition. It is a pool of clean water suitable for recreational use. The banks have been repurposed to clean stormwater runoff on the west and to create public amenities like restaurants and recreational facilities along the east.


Existing Condition

Existing Condition

North Branch Chicago River

riverwalk

an

ig

p up to La

Straight Dam: block the flow of Asian Carp : create linear recreation area

ram

PHASE 1

o

kt

al

w

er riv

ke

La

ke

bike path irs

sta up to ke

La d

an

cafe & market pavilion

ac W r ke

A

eco-urban research center gallery & educational center residential

gift shop & cafe

big hill for sunbathing & sledding

indoor & outdoor recreation spaces

retail/ restaurant

PHASE 2

West Bank: installation of living machines in west bank of river paddle boat rental

B retail/ residential

picnicing & performances 3

v. p.

stairs up to Randolph

Development of anchor buildings at each end of Dam

stairs up to Randolph

fire hydrant fountain

stairs up to Randolph

bocce ball

C

PHASE 3

bowling

Confluence Park: development of park at norht end of Dam

cafe restaurant

bowling

Wetlands: constructed wetlands at south end of Dam to clean outflow effluent

hotel butterfly garden ballroom plaza hotel ballroom

stairs up to Washin gton

chlorinated hot tubs

Lower Waker Drive

stairs up to Washington

1/2 court basketball

ich

M


GRAND METROLINK STATION

URBAN GREENWAY AND SUSTAINABLE RESEARCH CAMPUS ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI 2010 This Master Plan for the Chouteau Greenway, Grand MetroLink Station, and new sustainability research campus capitalizes on the dramatic topography of the existing site, the industrial character and history of the rail corridor, and the link to regional mass transit. Light industrial businesses line the valley created by the railyard and the MetroLink tracks, but the proposal juxtaposes a local greenway connection within that landscape to connect to the larger regional infrastructure of Forest Park, Chouteau Landing, the Arch, and the riverfront trail. The new urban greenway is designed to create vistas so the inhabitants of the greenway can experience the excitement of a working industrial corridor juxtaposed with the rehabilitated landscape that surrounds the trail system. Remediating plants and native landscapes such as prairie and forest are striated in the topography and mixed with experimental energy plants such as wheat grasses that are being developed as biofuel. Perched above the lower landscape of natives and new trails is the sustainable research campus. A mixed-use urban campus is reconnected with a new street grid to create a walkable and bikeable district that is easily connected to the Grand MetroLink station. Large scale greenhouses are designed to connect to the new urban campus, experimental gardens, and the landscape below, so their two story typology is reflective of both the industrial history of the site and the advanced new uses of the research greenhouses. The urban campus and trails below work together to create a midtown destination that revitalizes the Grand MetroLink station and connects to the larger urban trails and rail network. The native landscapes remediate the underused and contaminated land and provide space to grow experimental and research plants, treat stormwater, create urban habitat, and increase biodiveristy in the city. The trails and greenways offer a truly unique urban experience where natural habitats coexist and thrive with a burgeoning research institution and a steady light industrial corridor that helped build the foundation of the City of St. Louis.


25

3

5

15 24

6

2 7 4

15

8 1

17

22

16

9

21

15

12 14

11 13 10

23

18

Plan

20

25

0’

PHASE 1

25

0’

- RECONSTRUCTION OF GRAND AVENUE BRIDGE

GREENHOUSE

TE 64 INTERSTA

INTERSTATE

40

- SEEDING OF THE FOREST, PRAIRIE, & AGRICULTURAL PLOTS

40 25 ’ 0’

60

80

22

5’

80

’ 10

0’

82

11 23’ ’

’ 21

60

80

22

5’

’ 10

0’

82

11 23’ ’

’ 21

60

80

’ 10

0’ 11 23’ ’

COMMERCIAL OFFICE - PARKING IS LOCATED ALONG THE STREET WITH MORE PARKING ON NEARBY LOTS TO ACCOMODATE BUILDING USERS - THE SIZE IS BASED ON EXISTING BIOTECHNICAL COMPANY OFFICES IN THE AREA

20

PUBLIC SPACE

30

47

M

36

0’

11

36

0’

11

11

- PUBLIC PLACE BETWEEN THE BUILDINGS LINKS THE OFFICES TO THE OUTDOOR AGRICULTURAL AND STREET SPACES

’ 15

36

0’

5’ 15

- LABS ARE ORGANIZED TO PROVIDE EASY ACCESS TO AGRICULTURAL TEST PLOTS & GREENHOUSES

ALM

WAREHOUSE BUILDING

LOT CONSOLIDATION VARIED BUILDING USAGE

- STORMWATER RUNOFF FROM THE SITE IS FILTERED THROUGH BIOSWALES AT THE TOPOGRAPHICAL RIDGE BETWEEN THE UPPER LANDSCAPE & THE LOWER FOREST

LARGE-SCALE WAREHOUSE LOT STORAGE

- THIN CHANNELS CARRY THE WATER TO CHOUTEAU POND

800’

100’ 30’ 830’

830’

650’

400’

STORAGE BUILDING PRIMARY LOT STORAGE

WAREHOUSE BUILDING

200’

LOT CONSOLIDATION VARIED BUILDING USAGE

500’

LARGE-SCALE WAREHOUSE LOT STORAGE

400’

300’

30’

30’

1800’

100’

590’ 75’

50’

STORAGE BUILDING PRIMARY LOT STORAGE

350’

WAREHOUSE BUILDING

LOT CONSOLIDATION VARIED BUILDING USAGE

LARGE-SCALE WAREHOUSE LOT STORAGE

830’

830’

650’ 500’

200’ 400’

400’

300’

30’

50’

350’

650’ 200’ 400’

500’ 400’

300’

30’

30’ 590’

PUBLIC SPACE

800’

100’

830’

830’

30’

1800’

30’ 100’

590’ 75’

800’

100’

100’

75’

50’

350’

1800’

30’

’ 47

’ 15

COMMERCIAL LABS & GREENHOUSES

STORAGE BUILDING PRIMARY LOT STORAGE

30

30

5’ 15

20

30

’ ’

30

47

NEW TYPOLOGIES

20

’ 15

5’ 15

30

RA HT FR

EIG

FR EIG PO HT WE RA ILR R LIN OA ES D

- CONSTRUCTION OF POWER LINE TRAIL INTERSTATE

- CONSTRUCTION OF BOATHOUSE

64

- CONSTRUCTION OF TRAILHEAD /OFFICE BUILDING - CONSTRUCTION OF INSTITUTIONAL BUILDINGS ON SOUTH EAST SITE

METR

OLINK

FREI

GHT

RAIL

ROAD

- CONSTRUCTION OF RAIL TRAIL

ALL SYSTEMS

- RECONSTRUCTION OF SPRING STREET BRIDGE

PHASE 3 - CONSTRUCTION OF LABORATORIES & GREENHOUSES ON SOUTH WEST SITE - CONSTRUCTION OF RETAIL ALONG CHOUTEAU AVENUE NEAR TRAILHEAD

NEW VEHICULAR AND PEDESTRIAN STREETS ARE SHOWN IN COLOR

PHASE 4 - COMPLETION OF CONSTRUCTION OF OFFICE & MIXED USE ON SOUTH WEST SITE - CONSTRUCTION OF TRAIL THROUGH BOATHOUSE TO TRAIN PLATFORM - DEVELOPMENT OF MIXED USE INFILL PROJECTS ALONG CHOUTEAU

PARK SERVICE MIXED USE: PARK & COMMERCIAL MIXED USE: RESIDENTIAL & COMMERCIAL: RETAIL LIGHT INDUSTRIAL OR PARKING INSTITUTIONAL COMMERCIAL: OFFICE COMMERCIAL: HOTEL

1 METROLINK STATION 2 GRAND AVENUE 3 ARMORY 4 PERSIMMON ORCHARD 5 NORTH GREENWAY TRAIL 6 CHOUTEAU POND & STREAM 7 BOATHOUSE 8 TRAIN PLATFORM PLAZA 9 MISCANTHUS, SWITCHGRASS, CAMOLINA, & CANOLA FOR BIOFUELS

10 POWER LINE TRAIL 11 TRAILHEAD/COMMERCIAL 12 ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION 13 AGRICULTURAL TEST PLOTS

PLAN

- CONSTRUCTION OF PERSIMMON ORCHARD

TE 64 INTERSTA

PHASING

21

ILR

OA

D

82

- RECLAMATION OF THE ARMORY, PLANTING OF ARMORY LAWN

OLINK

OLINK

OA

80

22

5’

Roads

PHASE 2 METR

LOCAL METR

ILR

- UPPER LEVELS WILL BE OFFICE SPACE & RESIDENTIAL UNITS

OLINK

D

Interstate

METR

REGIONAL OLINK

RA

- ENTRANCE TO GROUND FLOOR RETAIL WILL BE ON BOTH THE STREET FRONT & THE PARKING LOT

Freight Train

AGRICULTURE FOREST PRAIRIE WETLANDS STREAM

METR

OA

80

MetroLink

- PARKING IS LOCATED ALONG A SMALLER STREET AT THE INSIDE OF THE BLOCK TO MAKE CHOUTEAU AVENUE PEDESTRIAN FRIENDLY WITH PARALLEL PARKING, A BIKE LANE, STREET TREES, AND ENHANCED LIGHTING

HT

MIXED USE ON CHOUTEAU

ILR

- CONSTRUCTION OF NORTHERN TRAIL FROM FOREST PARK TO GRAND AVENUE - RECONSTRUCTION OF THERESA AVENUE

RA

40

23

RAIL LINE ROAD S

OLINK

FR EIG

40

GHT

ER

METR

HT

EIG

40

FREI

POW

NATIONAL

FR

40

URBAN SYSTEMS & NEW CONNECTIONS & LAND USE

23

23

Pedestrians

- CONSTRUCTION OF STREAM & WETLANDS

D

- THE LOWER LEVEL OF THE GREEHOUSE STRADLES THE NEW PEDESTRIAN FRIENDLY ROAD & ACTIVATES THE LOWER LANDSCAPE. THE UNIT CAN HAVE ANY NUMBER OF USES INCLUDING BIKE RENTAL, PARKS SERVICE STOP, RESTROOMS, RESTAURANT, NATURE CENTER, ETC.

LEGEND

- CONSTRUCTION OF NEW METROLINK STATION & PLAZA

64

- THE UPPER LEVEL OF THE GREENHOUSE IS ASSOCIATED WITH BIOTECHNICAL COMPANIES & AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

& REMEDIATION FIELDS

14 GREENHOUSES 15 FOREST 16 PRAIRIE 17 WETLANDS 18 CHOUTEAU AVENUE 19 PEVELY DAIRY BUILDING 20 SAINT LOUIS UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER

21 SPRING STREET 22 RAIL TRAIL 23 THERESA AVENUE 24 INTERSTATE 64 25 FOREST PARK AVENUE

SCALE: 1:120


SECTION A SCALE: 1:20

SCOTT AVENUE

18’

CHOUTEAU AVENUE

111’ NORTH GREENWAY TRAIL

60’ 10’

15’- 9”

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

5’ METROLINK - WEST

10’

METROLINK - EAST

16’ 14’ - 6”

SECTION F SCALE: 1:10

Urban Campus Section G

F

Y PLA N SECTION D SCALE: 1:30

ENLARGED SECTIONS

SPRING AVENUE

BOATHOUSE PLAZA

60’

RAIL TRAIL

POWER LINES TRAIL

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

LIVE WORK SHOP

INTERSTATE 64

BERNARD STREET

POWER LINE TRAIL

SECTION C SCALE: 1:30 FREIGHT RAIL LINE

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

TRAIL

98’

GRATIOT STREET

NORTH GREENWAY

METROLINK - WEST

METROLINK - EAST

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

WORK WORK WORK

NORTH GREENWAY

E

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

C

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

A

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

9’- 6”

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

D

METROLINK - WEST

POWER LINES TRAIL

12’

METROLINK - EAST

10’

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

7’

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

49’

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

N KE

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

ENLARGED SECTIONS SECTIO B

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

GRATIOT STREET

INTERSTATE 64

SECTION E SCALE: 1:10

RAIL TRAIL

POWER LINE TRAIL

CHOUTEAU AVENUE

SITE SECTIONS

Grand Bridge Section

LIVE LIVE

EAT

SHOP

SECTION B SCALE: 1:30

SECTION G SCALE: 1:10

16’- 4”

24’


FOREST Honey locust

STREET TREES ZelkoVa

REMEDIATION TEST FIELDS canola

wateR wIllow

FoRest PaRk

mIscantHus

Black Gum

RusHes

camelIna

Boneset

swamP wHIte oak

multIstemmeD RIVeR BIRcH

caRDInal FloweR

sHaGBaRk HIckoRy

PuRPle coneFloweR

BIG & lIttle Bluestem

stIFF GolDenRoD seRVIceBeRRy

mIscantHus

Blue FlaG IRIs PeRsImmon

sPIceBusH

BuFFalo soD

PRaIRIe DRoPseeD

9’- 6”

98’

EAT

SHOP

60’

16’

10’

5’

60’

10’

14’ - 6”

View of the Grand Bridge SECTION F SCALE: 1:10

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

RAIL TRAIL

POWER LINE TRAIL

PERSPECTIVES

CHOUTEAU AVENUE

SCOTT AVENUE

12’

LIVE LIVE

NORTH GREENWAY TRAIL

10’

PRAIRIE

METROLINK - WEST

7’

WETLANDS

METROLINK - EAST

49’

SECTION G SCALE: 1:10 111’

15’- 9”

16’- 4”

24’

44’ - 9”

25’

16’ - 1”

28’

10’

60’

35’

INTERSTATE 64

SCOTT AVENUE

NORTH GREENWAY

METROLINK - WEST

METROLINK - EAST

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

18’

RAIL TRAIL

SECTION E SCALE: 1:10

RECREATION

LIVE WORK SHOP

View of the Greenway

POWER LINE TRAIL

WORK WORK WORK

ORCHARD

FREIGHT RAIL LINE

to Downtown & cHouteau aVe.

Current Projects 2013  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you