Arber Greenhouses - Spring 2019 Magazine

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2019 SPRING Inspiration Guide

Your Year Round Home & Garden Specialists

Lemon Coral – Beautiful,Versatile & Easy Ž

Lemon Coral sedum lights up the garden all season with its spiky-yet-soft textured, glowing chartreuse, succulent foliage that just begs to be touched. It pairs effortlessly with all kinds of sun and part shade loving plants in containers and landscapes. Forget to water for a few days? No one will ever know. If only everything in life was so easy! Find this award winner at


Millennials Use Plants to Turn Houses Into Homes


Fascinating Ferns


Trees & Shrubs for Small Spaces


"Growing" Good Garden Dogs


Your Perfect Lawn: Easy as 1-2-3


"Mix it up!" when it comes to your containers


Specimens & Focal Points - Oh My!


Strawberry and Avocado Chicken Salad


Whoopsie Daisy Planter

Photo - Proven Winners


Spring Into Fashion!

This publication may not be reproduced, all or in part, without written consent from the publisher and Arber Greenhouses Ltd. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of all content in the publication, however, the publisher will not be held accountable for omissions or errors. Note that products may vary between retailers and regions, and supplies may be limited. Pricing is subject to change and is not valid with any other offer. A selection of photos in this magazine provided by Proven WinnersÂŽ.

Everything you need to maintain

Photo - Proven Winners

your perfect garden. Comfort Bypass Loppers • Gear transmission • Total length 20 inches • 1.45" opening for twigs and fresh branches

Classic Pruner Loppers • 27 inches • 2 component handle • Soft component for better grips

Boxwood Hedge Clipper • 6.7 in blade • GEL handles for comfortable prolonged use.

Bypass Vario Pruner • 2 hand size setting for great comfort • 24 mm cutting diameter • Stainless steel bottom blade

Colourwave Thumb Control Nozzle • Thumb control 9 Pattern nozzle • Heavy duty construction • Easy to use thumb control

Colourwave Nozzle • 7 pattern spray nozzle

Professional Thumb Control Ergo Nozzle • Thumb Control 8 Pattern Metal Nozzle • Water flow is fully adjustable • 8 spray patterns

Premium Polymer Hose • • • •

5/8" x 50' All season flexibility Drinking water safe Lightweight and kink proof


Owner W

elcome to the 2019 spring issue of Arber’s Inspiration Guide! It is with great pride that we bring you this magazine for the 3rd year. We are fortunate to belong to a group of like-minded independent garden centres from across the country, and together we can collaborate and bring this magazine to life. As you browse through the pages we hope that the mix of information & inspiration helps you to get as excited about spring as it does us! Arber Greenhouses Ltd. was established in 1981, and we are so proud to serve Central Alberta. Did you know that we are open year round, and employ between 8-35 people at any given time through the year? Our team is a group of amazing people! Barbara has been working with us since 1998 and Monika is starting her 10th year at Arber. Many people ask what we do to keep busy through the winter. Aside from growing beautiful tropical houseplants, workshops and providing a fun shopping experience, winter is our time to

Hours of

Berta Briggs & Andrea Cleland

work hard at ordering and reviewing product. We carefully plan our seed & plant purchases as well as review our calendar to ensure the plants are blooming for Mother’s Day. We source trees, shrubs & perennials that are proven to survive and flourish in our cold winters (it’s -20°C as I’m writing this, brrr). We are working with our suppliers to have fresh fashion and home decor. And of course, looking for the coolest Gnomes! We are excited for what spring 2019 will bring! We look forward to catching up with you and your families. Oh, and the top colour for 2019 will be Living Coral ;)

Andrea Cleland Co-owner



Inspiration Inspiration


Spring Hours (May 1st - Mid June)

10 km north of Wetaskiwin on Hwy 2A

Monday - Friday 9am - 8pm Saturday & Sunday 9am - 5pm

Open all year!


Please check for current hours.

Our greenhouse and gift store is located at 471066 Highway 2A between Millet and Wetaskiwin. Just look for the Arber sign located at the entrance to the property.




Any purchase of $50 or more.

Spend $50 or more on regular priced merchandise before taxes and get $10 off your total purchase. One coupon per customer. Cannot be combined with any other coupon or offer. Some restrictions apply, see in-store for details. Coupon expires June 15, 2019.

Postal Code: _______________________________ SPRING 2019 • 5

Experience Arber Greenhouses! Whether you want to add privacy, shade or beauty to your yard Arber has a great selection of trees, shrubs & perennials to choose from…all for our Zone 3 Alberta climate. Plants that come back year after year & create interest throughout each season are a great foundation for your yard.

Browse Wetaskiwin regions largest selection of amazing colourful bedding and container plants. Grown in our own greenhouses, we’re full of great options!

Annuals, Foliage & Flowers

Trees, Shrubs & Perennials Visit or find us on Facebook for our Calendar of Events! We have something for everyone, informative or creative, throughout the year. Annual events include a Ladybug Release Party, Tea & Trends Fashion Show & Fundraiser, and our Christmas Craft Sale.

Experience the joys of growing your own food. We offer a full range of flavourful herbs as well as vegetable plants for your garden. Want to get your hands in the dirt? We sell seeds and starter supplies. Be sure to check out our bulk seed potatoes. You could win competitions with our large tomatoes!

Vegetables & Herbs

Workshops & Events

Choose from thousands of beautiful containers with endless colour combinations for any location, all grown in the greenhouses at Arber. Looking for something specific or one of a kind? We offer custom planting services - ask us for details.

Patio Containers & Baskets

For an outstanding selection of indoor plants for your home or office, you must check out Arber. We love our plants and would be pleased to help you find the perfect one!

Tropical Plants, Succulents & Cacti

Looking for a unique gift or that one of a kind piece to spruce up your home or garden? Our selection of product is always changing and current. Can’t decide? We have gift cards!


Arber offers a great selection of Ladies Fashion. Whether you are dressing for casual Friday or a special evening out, we will have something for you.

Ladies Fashion

New Varieties

for Arber Greenhouses in 2019

Homemade Pickle Cucumber Vigorous, disease resistant plant with high yields of green cucumbers. Bred for home pickling, these cucumbers are very crisp & crunchy. Pick at 1.5 inches for baby sweet pickles or can grow up to 5 inches for dills. Plant requires support.

Smart Gourmet Seed Potato Nugget sized (“baby”) potato that is delicate in size & shape. Creamy texture and excellent flavour make this a suitable potato for boiling, steaming, baking & frying. Early to mid-season variety.

Canna Cannova These Canna Lilies will bloom all summer and can grow in temperatures between 5°C-35°C. Excellent performer with great branching that is suitable for patio pots or flowerbeds. Grow well in full sun to partial shade, in moist soil. Best sheltered from the wind. Available in Scarlet, Orange Shades, Rose & Yellow.

Sweetunia Fiona Flash Petunia A new addition to Dummen petunias and a sister to the much-loved Johnny Flame. This is a medium sized, semi-trailing orange Petunia. Suitable for pots or spring combinations.

Antique Copper Dahlia Mix Available packaged (3 tubers / bag) from Van Noort Bulbs this Colourful Companion mix of Dahlias is sure to please. These ball style Dahlias will mature at approx. 36", and bloom in beautiful coppery tones. Can be grown in containers or flowerbeds and the tubers can be kept year to year.

Lil Bitty Witherod Viburnum Dwarf Viburnum that stays 12-24 inches tall making it perfect for a small space. Suitable for sun to part shade locations and moist soil. Creamy, fragrant flowers cover this shrub in late spring. Zone 3.

Giant Marconi Pepper A long time favourite but new to Arber, this is an Italian Grilling Pepper. Fruit are green, maturing to red and 6-8 inches in length. Excellent raw but exceptional when grilled with a smoky-sweet flavour.

Paul’s Pear A selection from Paul Hamer at Saskatoon Farm in Dewinton, Alberta. This pear bears larger fruit and has very upright columnar branching. Mature size 20’ x 13’. Cross pollinate with another hardy pear for best fruit production.

Fabiana Alstroemeria This “new to us” variety of Princess Lily/Pot Alstroemeria has creamy yellow blooms on variegated green & white foliage. Blooms throughout the season. This plant has an aggressive root system and does not like to be root bound. The tubers of this plant can be dug and stored through the winter and replanted the following spring.

Arizona Pink Beauty Thunbergia A new take on the traditional Black Eyed Susan Vine! Long lasting pale pink flowers (up to 1 inch in size). This plant will either trail or climb aggressively as much as 6-8 feet. Best blooming in full sun.

Indian Mint Great new option as a trailer in basket combinations. Also, a suitable for cascading over walls as the stems trail as much as 7 feet. The long trailing stems have a delicate minty scent. Suitable for sun - part shade locations.

Powderface Willow Native to Alberta this shrub is Zone 2. Dense powder blue foliage makes it an excellent choice for hedging, borders or foundations. Drought tolerant once established. Full sun to part-shade.

Photo courtesy of Proven Winners - SPRING 2019 • 7



Arber Greenhouses offers a variety of workshops throughout the year. Please visit or our Facebook page to see our upcoming workshops. Or stop in to hear all about them!

* Details of these events are subject to change. Please watch and Facebook for updates or unexpected changes* 8 • ARBER GREENHOUSES - 780-352-7520 - WWW.ARBERGREENHOUSES.COM





MILLENNIALS use plants to turn houses into

homes By Leah Ruehlicke


ecently, #byage30 was trending on social media. This tag was utilized by millennials to illustrate what age 30 actually looked like vs what we thought our lives would be by this age. My favourite one went something like this;

By age 30 you should have: $3 in savings $5,000 in credit card debt a favourite spoon one plant you feel incredibly attached to because your mom keeps asking for grandkids but you’re not ready, and you thought this plant would be a good place to start. 10

It was hilariously relatable. I did have credit card debt. I certainly had a favourite spoon (it was wooden, and the handle was quite literally the perfect size). And I had one plant I felt incredibly attached to for that same reason: it gave me a small taste of feeling like I did, in fact, have a purpose. It gave me something to care for. And it made me feel like maybe, maybe, I did kind of have my life together. I was keeping a plant alive, wasn’t I? Anyone who spends any time on Instagram can see that millennials and plants are a hot thing right now. Our living spaces are filled with plants. The trendy coffee shops catering to the plaid, hipster crowd have vines crawling across the walls and potted cacti on the shelves. We bring succulents to keep on our desks at our open-concept workplace. And whether or not there’s a scientific explanation as to why plants have made our millennial lives seemingly so much better, I can at least speak to my own experience as to why, #byage30, having a plant has seemed so essential.

It’s an easy (& affordable) way to make my apartment look nice Instead of investing time and energy into painting my living room (not to mention most landlords don’t let you do that anyway), a great way to add a splash of colour is simply hanging up a shelf and stacking it with plants. They’re pretty, they liven up the room, and they look great in photos. Which leads me to the next point:

Instagram Yes - I’ll be the first to admit that I’m a sucker for photos of plants. If I’m perusing Airbnb for my next destination, for example, and happen to come across a home showcasing a sunny, airy living room full of white containers spilling with plants, I’m in. Booked. If my friend posts a photo of her novel and coffee mug beside her bright green succulent, I immediately want her life. Plants are inviting. Plants look nice. And let’s be honest, all we really care about as millennials is make sure our lives look as nice as we want them to be.

Plants make me feel like a proper grown-up All kidding aside, plants give me a sense of being in control of my life - even if it doesn’t feel that way behind the scenes. I might owe [a lot] in taxes and might have skipped the gym again and might feel insanely behind at work, but if I’m successfully keeping a plant alive and allowing it to brighten up my home, then I must be doing something right. Plants make my home feel put together, which makes me feel like perhaps my life is too.

They’re therapeutic Especially during those dark winter days. Bringing the outdoors in is a total moodbooster, making me feel calmer and more connected to nature. It’s also the one thing in our lives that requires no technology. Spending the majority of our day in front of a screen (be it phone, computer or television), having something natural in your space is a nice way to feel disconnected. And so, despite my credit card debt and $3 in savings, I’m proud to say that #byage30 I not only have a favourite spoon, but have found so much genuine joy in something as simple as a houseplant. I suppose I’m doing something right after all.

SPRING 2019 • 11


FERNS By Sarah Pell


erns have become one of the most popular plants in the last few years. Their lacy fronds and wonderful textures work well in any setting. In addition to their beauty, lush green tropical ferns are also easy to grow. They have low light requirements while generally having moderate watering needs. Tropical ferns do very well in patio containers, hanging baskets, window boxes and virtually any other vessel you like that has drainage. Hanging baskets allow the fronds of Boston ferns to droop and cascade accenting their true beauty. The more vertically inclined Kimberly Queen fern thrives in larger containers set on a porch or patio. The Maidenhair fern has fine details and colour contrasts in the stem that make it a hit in mixed annual containers. Another option is to attach a Staghorn fern on an organic object like a piece of driftwood and hang it on the wall. It grows rapidly and makes a dramatic presentation. The possibilities are endless! Perennial ferns are equally as beautiful in the garden, adding wonderful texture to any shady spot. Deciduous ferns, such as Ostrich fern and Painted fern show their fronds a little earlier in the season and look their best through late spring. As summer hits, a deciduous fern will go dormant (like a trillium or bleeding heart) and rest in the soil until next spring. Once dormant, prune the broken fronds down to the crown and mulch well. Perennial evergreen ferns, such as Autumn fern, Christmas fern and the unique Crested Hart's Tongue fern wait a little bit longer to produce new growth, however, they will have a solid structure and texture year-round. No different than a rhododendron or yew, they need fertile soil for the best growth. Prune lightly to remove the fronds that are dead, dying or broken in the spring. By planting a combination of annual, evergreen and deciduous ferns, you ensure lush texture, and graceful fronds will fill your garden and outdoor living space all year long!


Staghorn Fern

Boston Fern

One of the most effective houseplants for removing air pollutants. These ferns enjoy morning sun and shade for the afternoon. Will benefit from being outdoors during the summer months.

Kimberly Queen Fern

Low maintenance and easy to grow, they are great for adding tropical texture and can grow to 3 feet (90 cm) tall.

Staghorn Fern

Unusual fern that requires no soil. To water, simply dunk the entire arrangement into a bucket of water, drain well and rehang!

Tropical Fern Care: • Ferns do best in indirect or filtered light. • Mist the air above the plant regularly to maintain the humidity ferns need to survive. • Maintain evenly moist soil, without sitting the plant in water.

Perennial Fern Care: • Mulch with organic matter to encourage consistent moisture. • Plant your fern with the crown flush with the surrounding soil. • If your fern is evergreen, thin old fronds in spring as new growth appears. • Cut back deciduous ferns in the summer. • Divide your fern every 2 to 3 years to share with friends or add to your garden. NOTE: Some ferns require additional or special care. Always refer to the fern care tag or ask your garden centre professionals for advice.

Maidenhair Fern

Does best in terrariums indoors or in the shade garden outdoors. Requires high humidity and constant damp soil.

Ostrich Fern

Perfect perennial for the shade garden, with fronds that resemble the fluffy tail of an ostrich.

Painted Fern

Ostrich Fern

Colourful ferns that brighten shady areas and are great companions for other shade perennials.

Christmas Fern

The name is derived from the evergreen fronds that are often still green at Christmas time. It can adapt to drier soil conditions when required.

Painted Fern


s our living space gets smaller on the inside, so do our gardens on the outside - some properties may be limited but planned right, a tiny house or tiny garden has all of the comforts of modern living minus the space. Your garden will look its best and flow most effectively when the basic building blocks of design (proportion, order, repetition, focus and unity) are used. Once all the building blocks are considered, choose plants based on texture, overall size, flowering time and other seasonal interests. Provide order in your garden to balance the shape and sizes of the plants, making everything cohesive. Repetition will provide order! Place your favorite groundcover and mid height plantings in familiar patterns to evoke a more pleasing composition. Masses of 3 or 5 are easier to maintain and make the space feel bigger and more unified.


SPACES By Jeff Bokma

Photo - Proven Winners


Create unity within your small space by having a structured and proportioned planting. First locate the largest specimen plant as a showcase to bring focus to the overall space. Compliment the focal point with a middle layer (when we design annual planters, we call these fillers). The middle layer of flowering or edible shrubs will help fill in the space through the seasons and bring a sense of colour and proportion to the area. Plant shorter plants or even groundcovers as a spiller to utilize and soften the edges and provide scale within the vertical space. When we think about proportion in the garden, make sure the overall size of the plant fits the size of the space. It does not make sense to plant a tree that will grow to 40 feet tall in a townhouse yard! Finally, having a colour scheme in your garden will compliment your home and create a relaxing sanctuary. Collectively, the colours and textures you select will bring your design together. For the best luck in creating a layered small space garden; check out our favorites (available at your local independent Garden Centre) to ensure great colour, shape and proportion in your garden year after year.

Big Bang Spirea Photo - Proven Winners

Big Bang Spirea: Move over Goldflame Spirea, this cultivar is here to stay! Part of the Double Play series by Proven Winners, this dwarf plant is colourful all season long. Bright new leaf growth gives way to reblooming pink flowers overtop yellow and red leaves. Requiring little to no maintenance, growing 2’ to 2 ½’ tall and wide, Big Bang also makes a great hedge or mass.

Sonic Bloom Weigela Photo - Proven Winners

Little Gem Spruce

Sonic Bloom Weigela: One of the newer series of Weigela, these dwarf plants produce red, pink or pearl trumpet shaped flowers in late spring, blooming off and on all summer! A great attractant for hummingbirds, these midsized shrubs grow 3’ tall and 3’ wide. Little Gem Spruce: A small, slow growing, flat topped evergreen, 2’ tall and 2’ wide. Available as a shrub or a small grafted tree on top of 3’ tall stem, it will provide a strong design element and great habitat for small birds all year long. This dwarf growing evergreen also works well as a focal point in a winter worthy planter too!

Compact Burning Bush

Ivory Silk Lilac Ivory Silk Lilac: A compact urban tolerant tree that is tried and true! Creamy white flowers in June fill the garden with the scent of lilacs. With no real pest or diseases, this easy maintenance tree grows 15 to 20’ tall and 10’ to 12’ wide. Bobo Hydrangea: One of the best sun loving Hydrangeas on the market! Blooming on new wood, Bobo grows to 3’ tall and 3’ wide and flowers from the top of the plant, right to the ground. The flowers change to a beautiful pink midsummer and dry on the plant, lasting through fall. DeGroot’s Spire Cedar: More reliably hardy than the typical Emerald Cedar, this narrow specimen can make a tight privacy hedge or when placed in a group of three, a strong focal point. Growing 10’ to 12’ tall and only shoulder width, this sun lover will also provide much needed bird habitat in the winter. Blueberry: Who doesn’t love farm to table when the farm is 20 feet from the table! Highbush varieties such as Blue Crop or Blue Ray grow 5’ tall and 5’ wide, while lowbush varieties like Chippewa grow 18” to 24” tall and wide. White flowers in spring, yummy berries in late spring/early summer and beautiful fall foliage rival a Burning Bush! One sun loving plant will provide berries but 2 or 3 plants produce bigger, sweeter berries to top your ice cream at dessert! Compact Burning Bush: A true dwarf, growing slower than its larger siblings. In full sun, this plant does not disappoint and will turn a brilliant red in the right soil. The fall colour is less intense in full shade, but this dwarf variety still grows 4’ to 5’ tall and 4’ to 5’ wide, with some beautiful winter twig appeal too!

SPRING 2019 • 15

“growing” GOOD

GARDEN DOGS by Mary Fran McQuade


ogwoods, even dog roses, are welcome in the garden, but what about real four-legged dogs? “Horrors!” you say. “Big, clumsy creatures that dig, scratch, pee and poop. Not on my Heuchera!” It doesn’t have to be that way. Yes, some dogs do rampage through the garden. So do some kids. (And let’s not even contemplate what cats do to fresh earth.) The similarity between dogs and kids isn’t superficial. Canadian canine expert Dr. Stanley Coren of the University of British Columbia says dogs are about equal in intelligence to a two-year-old child. Our four-legged friends do have some animal instincts, but we smart humans can make that work for us. Keep these four points in mind, and you’ve got the foundation for a great doghuman-garden relationship.

Dogs are pack animals. They like to know their place and have a leader to follow.

Dogs are creatures of habit. Once they get in a groove, they tend to stay in it.

Dogs are clean in their toilet habits. They don’t like to mess in their homes.

Dogs can learn – with time, patience and persistence on the part of their owners. 16

Leading and Learning Dogs are naturally social and accustomed to obeying the alpha or boss dog. So, unless you want an obnoxious toothy terror running around, you have to be the alpha in your little pack. Doggy minds are simple, so make it very clear what you expect and what isn’t allowed. One owner of a showplace garden uses the same “no chew” command in the garden that she uses in the house. And she’s never lost a plant to him, she says proudly. Of course, my friend spends lots of time with her dog, and he’s not left unsupervised in her storybook garden of roses, clematis and other perennials. That’s what most happy dog-loving gardeners say. They spend time with their animals, teach them to obey and the magical human-animal bond develops. Lane White, head trainer at Who’s Walking Who obedience school in Toronto, explains: “My dogs have a great deal of respect for me. I have a relationship with my dogs and that’s not something you can teach other people. You can teach the commands, but relationships are ongoing. A good dog owner is training his dog 100 per cent of the time in what’s appropriate, what’s expected. It comes from repetition, and you must be consistent every time.” Happily, dog training in recent years has become an enjoyable activity. Grim orders aren’t the style de jour. Instead, today’s owners use happy voices and food rewards to manipulate their dogs into doing the right thing. And once the beasties – bless their furry little hearts – discover what gets the goodies, they keep on doing it.

Habit Forming With the right treats and several short training sessions a day, your dog can learn to sit even at a distance from you. He’ll learn to back away from things, stop barking, stop digging and stay out of the Japanese painted ferns (or whatever you treasure). Unfortunately, habits work the other way, too. Let him make a misstep a few times without correction, and it becomes a habit that’s hard to break. Dogs like straight lines, for example, so if you have lovely curved paths, walk through them with him close beside you a few times. Help him remember by putting up visible barriers at first – low lattice fencing or even whitepainted rocks. If you have especially precious or valuable plants, protect them for a time with wire fencing or tomato cages.

their pets. Do it by taking the dog there every single time he needs to relieve himself, perhaps giving a command like “potty.” Praise for performance and keep the area clean and you’ll have a dog trained for life in a couple of months.

Troubles and Remedies YELLOW SPOTS Playfully called female dog spot disease, these lawn spots are made by males too. They are actually a sort of fertilizer burn from nitrogen in the urine. Folk remedies abound, but one tested solution is to flush the area with water within eight hours. You can use commercial patching formulas or feed your dog canned food (its higher water content dilutes the urine concentration). But your best bet is to train your dog to a potty area. DIGGING Digging is usually caused by canine boredom. Dogs are bright critters, and they need something to occupy them. The easiest solution is lots of exercise – outside the garden. “A tired dog is a happy dog” is an old trainer’s maxim. Teaching your dog tricks, indoors or out, will also focus his attention and tire him out. Use bits of food to lure him into a spin in front of you and he’ll soon learn the command “twirl.” If you have space, throwing a ball is easy on you and a good run for him. Likewise, you can always try distracting him with favourite toys. BARKING Dogs are territorial and will bark at passing people and other dogs if they can see them. It’s a frustrating situation for everyone. Avoid it by using solid fences that your dog can’t see through. Distracting him with another command (“sit”) and a reward also helps prevent the habit from taking hold. Dogs and their behaviour are endlessly fascinating, and behaviourists are learning new things every day. The payoff for all the effort is when you see a secure, contented dog grinning under a flowering apple tree – a picture you’ll carry in your heart forever.

If you spend time outdoors with your dog, he’ll come to think of the garden the way he thinks of your home indoors – that means less doggy doo scattered around. Many gardeners like to set aside a toilet area for SPRING 2019 • 17


PERFECT LAWN EASY AS 1-2-3 By John DeGroot


e place a significant amount of value on our lawns; a good lawn adds great curb appeal to our property providing a frame to our landscape. Growing good turf is not as difficult as it might seem.



Choose the right seed that is best suited to your yard. Your local garden centre can help with this. Most grass seed blends contain a mix of three ingredients: Kentucky Blue Grass, Ryegrass and Fescue. When shopping for grass seed, be sure to look for certified Canada #1 perennial grass blends.

Fertilize your lawn with a slow release, high nitrogen blend, which feeds your lawn over months rather than weeks. This means that a fertilizer application 3 times a year is sufficient; spring, summer and fall. Use an organic lawn fertilizer with pH balancer to reduce the impact of the uric acid from dog spots.

Over seeding bare and weak patches starts by raking up debris and scratching the surface with a stiff garden rake. Next, spread a thin layer of good soil over the area. Sow grass seed at a rate of one pound of seed over 250 square feet (1 kg over 50 sq. m). Lightly rake the seed into the new soil. Apply starter fertilizer and add water. When establishing new seed, water lightly and frequently, as often as once a day. In a few weeks, your lawn will be ready for the mower.

Water once a week and only once a week in times when rainfall is low. It is far better to water your grass for at least an hour rather than a quick sprinkling every day or two. Light frequent watering causes grass roots to become lazy and remain near the soil surface where there is ample moisture. Allowing turf to dry out forces roots to go deep in search of moisture.


Cut grass faithfully and frequently. Keep the lawn mower at its highest setting, with at least 2 inches (5cm) of height. Mowing

the lawn short causes soil to dry out quickly and invites weed seeds to sprout. If grass has become dry and you can hear the blades crunch when you walk on it, wait with mowing until growth resumes. Avoid the use of chemical pesticides in order to promote healthy microbial activity where beneficial insects, worms, and microorganisms will thrive. Leave the grass clippings on the lawn to decompose and become self-sustaining.

STEP 3 TROUBLESHOOTING A “weed”! The gardener's “four-letter” word! In most parts of Canada, traditional chemical herbicides have gone out the window, so now, more than ever, your best defense against weeds is a well-fed, well-maintained lawn. If you keep your

grass healthy, weeds will be kept at bay. Fertilize regularly, add water if necessary, and mow faithfully. Natural herbicides like corn gluten, will keep new weed seeds from sprouting. Use it for crabgrass and dandelions. Be careful not to use with new grass seeding. Consult your garden centre for timing recommendations. Iron, available in liquid form, will work well on broadleaved weeds. If you find you have brown or bare patches starting to appear, you may have grubs. Grubs are the larva stage of Japanese Beetles and will eat grass roots in spring and fall. Your best defense for grubs is an application of earth friendly nematodes which are tiny organisms that search for young grubs. Apply nematodes in early May to June or in mid-September to October when grass is damp and grubs are feeding. Following these simple steps will take your lawn to a whole new level and make you the envy of your neighbours. Lawns, easy as 1-2-3.

SPRING 2019 • 19

“Mix it up!� when it comes to your containers. By Paul Zammit


Photo - Proven Winners


ardening in containers offers many benefits. Doing so opens the possibility for any and all individuals to have their own personal garden, be it on a patio, balcony or roof top. They are potentially moveable, resulting in portable potscapes, allows for changes from day to day as well as some freedom and experimentation from season to season. A planter can be used to temporarily hide a bare spot and/or become a focal point to provide a much-needed splash of colour or architectural interest. To begin with, I feel it is important to first understand what defines a container for the purposes of this article. The most important criteria to remember, is that any vessel for consideration must be able to hold the growing media, support the plant roots and critically, that there must be some form of drainage holes, or the ability to make them. If the vessel you are considering does not have drainage holes, it is not a container but rather a pot cover. Avoid the myth of putting a layer of gravel on the bottom your pot to substitute for drainage. Just don’t do it! Either carefully drill holes in the bottom or use a pot within a pot technique. That is, plant up your plant combination in another pot (with drainage holes) and sit that on top of a layer of gravel in the chosen pot cover, the key is to keep the soil from maintaining constant contact with the water that collects underneath. Accumulated water can then be poured out by removing the inner pot. Personally, I look at containers as an opportunity to add additional character, charm and beauty to a garden space (both indoors or out). The options and possibilities are great so I encourage you to allow your imagination to run wild. Have fun with the hunt and selection of your containers. I believe, containers should be considered an investment. In the words of one of my garden mentors, Thomas Hobbs, “You have to love your container before you can begin to fill it”. These wise garden words continue to influence me today. I have come to believe containers can be decorative and attractive garden features even if left unplanted. For me, the plant materials I decide to pot up into my choice container, are often inspired by the beauty of the planter; its shape, history, character, colour, composition and size.

independent garden centre, know where the designated planter is going to be situated on your property and be aware of how much or how little sunlight it will receive. It is also important to be aware of wind exposure. Strong winds can determine how quickly a planter dries. Wind can also tear and damage the foliage of large leafed plants. I often remind the public, when it comes to selecting plant material, be honest, and think about the level of care and attention that they are capable and willing to do for their pots. For example, if you have a challenge keeping up with the watering of your planters in full sun, think about planting your pots with succulents which are a bit more forgiving and tolerant of drying out in between waterings. All containers need to be regularly monitored for water needs. As containers often require frequent watering, nutrients are easily leached from the root zone, hence, regular fertilizing is necessary. Always follow recommended rates. For me, a container combination, is much like a garden in miniature. A beautiful garden is made up of a mix of annuals, perennials, trees, shrubs, tropical plants and vines all arranged to offer a variety of heights, forms, textures, colours and possibly fragrance. So mix it up! Select a variety of plants that like similar light and moisture conditions to create your own personal eye-catching combination. When creating planter combinations, I tend to put a strong emphasis on foliage for texture, colour and even fragrance (herbs). When dealing with any level of shade, two of my immediate go to plants are Rex begonias for their vivid and bold coloured foliage and ferns to add a soft and delicate texture. In the past few years I have also been using more and more Rieger begonia’s (Begonia x hiemalis) both for their adaptability to a variety of sunlight levels and their constant show of blooms. In the world of tuberous begonias (Begonia x tuberhybrida), in addition to the stunning large and vivid blooms, I am also always on the hunt for selections with rich dark foliage. These are perfect for a pop of colour and or contrast to your planting combination. Happy container planting!

Once you have selected your planter, the fun and magic begins by choosing the plants. Before heading to your favorite Photos - Proven Winners

SPRING 2019 • 21


Specimens Focal Plants

Oh My! By Tanya Olsen

Standard Tricolour Willow


hen designing an interior room, we often use a focal point to build the design around and provide a sense of purpose within the space. When we design our landscapes, we use a Specimen Plant to provide that same sense of purpose. Quite simply, a specimen plant is an ornamental plant you feel deserves centre stage in the yard. Made to feel important because the plant is grown in a prominent location (ie. centred on the family room window or in the middle of your favorite planter), they grow on their own rather than in a mass. In planter terms, a specimen plant is a thriller. Landscape

Designers rely on specimens to provide an attractive flower, striking branching structure and unique leaves. In smaller spaces, a specimen plant should supply at least three seasons of interest, as overall plant choices may be limited.

V.I.P. (very important plants) that steal the show


To find a unique specimen plant, look no further than your local independent garden centre, where you have a great selection and a knowledge bank to help you if you need it. Some of our favorite specimens are ones you may be familiar with as a shrub, but not realize are available as small trees suitable as a focal point in the garden or weather resistant planter on a balcony.

Standard Tricolour Willow • Also called a Dappled, Japanese or Hakuro-Nishiki Willow • Fast growing soft pink to whitish leaves fading to green and white for the summer • Smooth red bark for winter interest, provides texture and movement in the landscape • Head grows 8’ tall and wide, on top of a 4’ to 5’ tall trunk, suitable for full sun • Prune annually in late winter but will also tolerate a lighter pruning in the beginning of June to bring the leaf colour back

Variegated Euonymus

Standard Dwarf Korean Lilac • Hardy, pest resistant and easy to maintain • Prolific fragrant purple blooms attract butterflies and hummingbirds in spring • Beautiful burgundy fall leaves • Great in a planter or garden, as a cut flower, deer and rodent resistant • Very hardy, this compact tree has a head 5’ tall and wide, on top of a 3’ tall trunk, suitable for full sun

Dwarf Korean Lilac

• Will tolerate pruning (but not necessary) immediately after flowering as Lilac set their flower buds a year in advance

Standard Juniper •

Options include Standard Gold Star Juniper, Standard Blue Star Juniper, Standard Blue Rug Juniper (a Weeping variety) and more!

• Short-statured evergreens are easy care and provide a unique colour year-round. • Perfect for either side of the steps, the rockery or the centre of a weather resistant planter • Deer and rodent resistant, providing good habitat for small birds • Grows 3’ to 4’ tall, including a head approximately 2’ tall and 2’ wide, suitable for full sun • No raking or pruning required

Standard Variegated Euonymus •

Depending on variety can have green and white leaves (Standard Emerald Gaiety Euonymus) or green and yellow leaves (Standard Canadale Euonymus)

• Small statured evergreen, easy to care for, unique berries in the fall • Grows up to 8’ tall including a head 4’ tall and wide, suitable for full sun to full shade • Can be pruned formally into boxes or balls (but is not necessary)

SPRING 2019 • 23

Strawberry and Avocado

Chicken Salad

with Crispy Fried Goat Cheese Recipe Author: Kevin from Closet Cooking,


n warm summer days I often appreciate a nice light meal, like a salad, for dinner. Strawberries are one of my favourite summer food and they are amazing in savoury dishes like salads, especially when combined with bacon and avocado as they are in this recipe. What really makes this salad a meal is the grilled chicken which is marinated in the same honey lemon Dijon dressing that is used on the salad. The star of this show has to be the crispy fried goat cheese, best enjoyed fresh from frying while the cheese is still warm.

INGREDIENTS For the honey lemon dijon poppy seed vinaigrette: 1/4 cup lemon juice 1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil 3 tablespoons honey 3 teaspoons Dijon mustard 3 teaspoons poppy seeds 2 cloves garlic, grated or minced salt and pepper to taste

For the fried goat cheese: 8 ounces goat cheese, either sliced into 1/4 inch thick discs or formed into small balls 1/4 cup flour 1 large egg, lightly beaten 1 cup panko breadcrumbs (or breadcrumbs)

For the salad: 4 strips bacon 1/2 pound chicken breasts 6 cups baby spinach 1 cup strawberries, sliced 1 avocado, sliced 1/4 cup red onion, sliced 1/4 cup almonds, sliced, slivered or chopped

DIRECTIONS For the honey lemon dijon poppy seed vinaigrette: • Mix everything well.

For the fried goat cheese: • Dredge the goat cheese slices/balls in the flour and coat in egg followed by breadcrumbs and fry in oil over medium heat until lightly golden brown before setting aside on paper towels to drain.

For the salad: • Cook the bacon and set aside on paper towels to drain before crumbling. • Marinate the chicken in half of the vinaigrette for 30 minutes to over night before grilling over medium-high heat until cooked and slightly charred, about 2-5 minutes per side, and setting aside to cool and slice. • Assemble the salad, toss with the dressing and enjoy! Prep Time: 10 minutes Cook Time: 10 minutes Total Time: 20 minutes Serves 4 NUTRITION FACTS: Calories 612, Fat 43g (Saturated 14g, Trans 0), Cholesterol 91mg, Sodium 560mg, Carbs 37g (Fiber 7g, Sugars 12g), Protein 22g 24

Whoopsie Daisy!

DIY with Arber Greenhouses Ltd.

step 1

step 4

step 2

step 3

At Arber, we have everything you need to create your own Whoopsie Daisy Succulent Pot. Get creative with different pots, plants and rocks/sand. Succulents like bright light and to dry thoroughly between watering. Visit to see when we are hosting hands on workshops at the greenhouse.

Educational, fun, and the mess stays here! SPRING 2019 • 25





Add flowers that attract Hummingbirds, like Zinnia.


Plant something that feels soft. Grow some Stachys (Lamb’s Ear).


Tickle your nose with the sweet smell of Nicotiana.


Treat yourself to some eye candy. Plant Mandevilla in pots or baskets.


Yummy tastes are easy to grow. Experiment with a variety of herbs such as basil, thyme & parsley.

Turn Screen Time Into Time By Berta Briggs


s adults, we know the tangible benefits from gardening and spending time in the outdoors. Physical, mental, emotional and social health is greatly affected either negatively or positively. Although Nature Deficit Syndrome is not yet a diagnosable condition there is more and more anecdotal evidence and studies that support the concept. Between the excessive amount of screen time and the practice of helicopter parenting, children spend very little time outside just playing. 37% of 11-year-old Canadian children spend less than 2 hours per day at play and only part of that may be outside. Yet schools are continuing to reduce the time children spend outside at play. A study of 900 elementary students in Massachusetts showed a direct relationship between the time kids spent in the outdoors and improvement in standardized tests. With evidence such as this, Bruderheim Elementary School adopted a daily schedule with four 15 minute recesses. Although just started in September of last year the teachers are optimistic about both behaviour and academic improvement. For a number of weeks some kids who walked to school were discretely observed. They appeared to ‘doddle’, but in fact they stopped often to really study little things like a bug, mud puddles, or flowers; and when possible they took alternate routes to keep many areas under study. Teachers claimed they could identify kids in their classroom who walked to school because they were more attentive and eager to learn. I could go on and on about case studies, but the evidence is clear about the immeasurable benefits to children who spend time outside. Now, what can we do in our yards and gardens to provide the maximum experiences to the children we have influence over? Make gardens totally child friendly whereby kids have access to all areas and don’t have to be too careful with the plants. Make your yard a haven for birds, animals, and bugs (see Andrea’s article on page 28). Spend time outside with the kids and join them in their exploring. Invite other kids into the yard to allow active play and socialization. Keep the yard interesting by allowing for a balance between risk and safety.

"Nature Deficit Syndrome" is an unofficial term coined by Richard Louv in his book, Last Child in the Woods. That book drew attention to and started a serious discussion and observations about the negative effects when children don’t spend time outside.

Perhaps take a look at your garden to see if the children in your life are getting a large dose of “Vitamin N”, otherwise known as Nature.

SPRING 2019 • 27

Pollinators are the Bees Knees!

By Andrea Cleland


he importance of pollinators is a hot topic these days. Pollinators are required to transfer pollen from one flower to another to complete reproduction. Approximately 90% of flowering plants require insects or birds to complete pollination. Pollinators are vital for food production. Each of us can have an impact in attracting and maintaining pollinators in our yard. Regardless of your living space, a farm or a balcony, each of us can actively help provide a hospitable environment for pollinators. Planting strategically to have a variety of plants blooming throughout the growing season (from early spring to late fall) will be beneficial for pollinators as they look for both nectar and

pollen. Having host plants that bloom in different colours and shapes will attract different pollinators to create more diversity and increased likelihood of successful pollination. Native plants, heritage varieties or “old fashioned” varieties are recommended as many new trendy plants have sterile blooms. If space allows try planting a mix of annuals, perennials and trees/shrubs. When we first think of pollinators, many of us think of “honeybees”. However there are many species of bees that are effective pollinators (in Canada we have hundreds of species). The most common in Alberta are Leafcutter and Mason bees, which are solitary (not requiring a hive). These guys would be very happy if you provide them with a house, which can be purchased, or perhaps a fun project to make (there are many


ideas and recommendations online). These varieties of bees can often be purchased in the spring if you would like a head start in inviting them to your garden.

provides a good source of nectar. Hanging feeders in your yard will help attract and retain the tiny birds through the summer.

Hummingbirds are the next effective pollinator on our list. Hummingbirds see in colour and are attracted to red. Planting red flowering plants

to find your garden, don’t get discouraged! Start planning now to create an inviting garden for these important guests.

The above mentioned pollinators, as well as Butterflies and moths are effective pollinators, beneficial insects such as ladybugs require fresh this quality is often overlooked. Both have long water. They are not agile flyers and struggle with tongues that they use the landing, therefore it is to drink nectar from recommended to provide Approximately 90% of the flowers. As they do a shallow dish such as this, the pollen sticks to an old plate with a small flowering plants require amount of fresh water their legs and body and is transferred to other for them. Adding a few insects or birds to flowers. To encourage stones in the centre butterflies and moths it is that rise just above the complete pollination. prudent to provide host waterline will give them plants for them in all their an "island" to land on. stages of development, including caterpillar. It may take a season or two for these friendly critters

Just a few of Arber's

Favourite Pollinator Plants Annuals




Aster Cosmos Zinnia

Echinachea - Cone Flower Monarda - Bee Balm Phlox Paniculata - Garden Phlox

Catnip Chives Dill

Apple (including Crabapple) Dogwood Willow

SPRING 2019 • 29

Available at

Available at

Joys of Spring! Cleaning Brushes Provide a clean and safe food source for hummingbirds in your backyard by using Pinebush hummingbird feeder cleaning brushes. Easily clean inside ports and bottles using the 2 brushes included in the set.

- Built-in ant moat. - Base comes apart for easy cleaning. Capacity: 20 oz. / 591 ml 88164


feeding the birds with new ideas™

WELCOME SPRING! By Sherri Christodoulou


here is a freshness in the air… With the warm weather fast approaching, we are all looking into our closets and are eager to put away our coats, boots, hats, mitts, and cozy sweaters until next fall. It’s time to shed layers and lighten up. What better way than going straight to one layer. The dress… this season’s must have is the wrap dress. The bold prints and beautiful colours will inspire you. It is easy to wear, flatters all body types and is suitable for all occasions. But let’s not forget the maxi dress, sun dress, fit and flare dress, slip dress, bodycon dress, shirt dress, A-line dress, skater dress, kaftan dress, shift dress, and many more. With so many different styles to choose from, it will be easy finding your personal favorite and making a statement this year. Casual comfort remains important in fashion this spring. What could be more cool and comfortable than bamboo? Yes ladies, you can still wear your bamboo capri leggings available in bright bold colours or stick with the neutrals. Show off your own personal style and flair by pairing them with flowing tunics, billowy blouses or the crisp clean lines of linen or cotton shifts for an easy stylish look that will take you from work to play with ease. Don’t forget the matching tank tops!

This season’s must have is the wrap dress.

The pant silhouette for this spring has many options. Jeans of all lengths are still a staple. Wide leg pants as well as straight leg pants continue to be excellent choices and you see them in a variety of wonderful fabrics, prints, colours and lengths. Linen, bamboo, cotton and Tencel will keep you cool. For finishing touches don’t forget to accessorize. Handbags, jewellery, scarves and hats complete your outfit and show off your personal style. Try using different accessories each time you wear an outfit. By doing so, it will look like a new outfit each time you wear it. The same goes for your footwear. Shoes, sandals and booties can change the look of any outfit from casual to dressy. Don’t be afraid to mix and match to create your own unique style.

Courtesy of Fashion Village; this wrap dress features stretch fabric with adjustable domes in the waist for perfect fit and an effortless drape.

SPRING 2019 • 31



Before they reach your garden, our flowering shrubs undergo years of trials and testing for color, quantity of blooms, cold tolerance, foliage and ability to thrive with ease. Only a few prove they’re worthy of the #1 plant brand.