The Fresh Prince of Bel Air:
The Banks Family
(The Fresh Prince of Bel Air, n.d.)
Introduction: Family Structure/Roles ●
Philip-40s. The father of the family and uncle to Will. He works as a judge in Bel Air, CA. Philip is often cranky and loses his temper especially when Will causes trouble or Hillary spends his money. Philip is often the decision-maker of the family and keeps the family together. Vivian- Mid 40s. Mother of the family and maternal aunt to Will. She works as a college professor. Vivian enjoys education and she is more lenient than Philip in regards to what her children and nephew can do; however, she still expects responsibility and order in the family. Will-Age 19. Vivian’s nephew and cousin to Carlton, Hillary, Ashley, and Nicky. Comes from Philadelphia and has a much different attitude than the Banks family since he comes from a different socioeconomic status than the Banks’. Will has street smarts and is always looking for adventure. Will introduces humor into the family even when times are difficult. Carlton-Age 19. The eldest son and Will’s cousin who is very intellectual. He aspires to get into Princeton and follow the footsteps of his father. Although he often gets teased by Will, the two still spend time together despite their differences. He brings a sense of reality into Will and tries to prevent WIll from getting into trouble. Hillary-Age 27. The eldest child of the Banks family and Will’s cousin. She is very narcissistic and always focuses on herself. She is considered to be an “airhead” by the members of the family. Ashley-Age 16. The youngest daughter and Will’s cousin. She looks up to Will as being her “big brother” because he represents everything that the Banks family does not. Throughout her childhood, Ashley was obligated to do things that she did not necessarily want to do such as how to dress and what extracurricular activities to participate in. With Will, Ashley is allowed to be who she really is and can do the things she wants to do. Nicky-Few months old. The youngest child of the Banks family. When he grows older he enjoys imitating things that WIll does. Geoffrey-Mid 50s. Tha Banks’ sarcastic butler from England. He often makes funny remarks when he is told to do something around the house. He is a big help to the Banks family as he cooks, cleans, and does various chores for the family.
(The Banks Family, n.d.)
Introduction: Description of Condition (Myocardial Infarction) ●
Philip gets a physical check-up from his physician which reveals that he is overweight. It was also stated that he has HTN, hypercholesterolemia and that his heart may be affected if he does not take action to care for his health. ○ Myocardial infarction (MI) is usually a result of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and is a cardiovascular problem that occurs when not enough oxygen is delivered to the myocardial tissue. If the flow of oxygen and blood is not replenished back to the myocardium by passing through the blockage in the coronary arteries, the myocardial tissue can quickly become necrotic. ○ Common symptoms of MI include chest pain, diaphoresis, fatigue, palpitations, anxiety, dizziness, shortness of breath, along many others. ○ Prevention measures include eating an appropriate diet, managing diabetes mellitus, getting blood pressure under control, engaging in physical activity, quit smoking, and manage weight. (Ignatavicius & Workman, 2016)
As Philip’s physician has mentioned, if he does not manage his weight and lower his blood pressure and cholesterol, he will be on his way to get a heart attack. Although Ashley and the rest of the family is making sure to take preventative measures to help Philip be healthier such as buying him physical exercise equipment and getting him to eat healthy foods, Philip bribes Will to sneak him junk food which results in him to have a heart attack.
(Philip in hospital bed, n.d.)
(Philip eating, n.d.)
Introduction: Duvall’s Developmental Stage (Families with adolescents) ●
The Banks family fits into Duvall’s 5th stage of development which describes families with adolescents. ○ In this stage, adolescents are trying to figure out who they are and their individualities. ○ The adolescents participate in different roles in the family. ○ The family is thinking about different responsibilities such as work, education, and the future in general. ■ In the Banks Family, each member has his or her own unique identity but are still part of the family as a whole. Each member expresses his or her own individuality that sets them apart from the other members of the family. For instance, Will is the sarcastic, funny, carefree, individual of the family. He makes jokes and remarks even when things should be considered serious. On the contrary, Carlton is more serious and very studious while Ashley is trying to figure out where she fits in. ■ The Banks children and Will think about their future in regards to education, work, and relationships. In this episode, Ashley and Hilary are worried about their father’s future health when they received news that he is at risk for having a heart attack due to his weight and high cholesterol. ■ The Banks children do participate in different roles in the family such as helping one another in times of distress. Ashley, in particularly, is most eager to help her father take preventative measures to prevent myocardial infarction from occuring. (Kaakinen, Coelho, Steele, Tabacco, & Hanson, 2015)
Cultural/Religious Traditions Cultural Traditions: ● ●
African American family with strong cultural ties. In their college years, Philip and Vivian were civil rights activists fighting for African American rights. They encourage their children and Will to do the same and also, to be proud of their culture and fight for their rights. Will comes from Philadelphia in a much different neighborhood than that of the Banks’ so he feels more connected to his African American roots compared to the Banks children who have lived their whole lives in Bel-Air, CA in which the African American population is a minority. Philip and Vivian both have strong educational backgrounds and they value education for the children and Will. The family has traditional family roles and Philip, as the father, is the head of the household and decision-maker of the family.
(The Banks House, n.d.)
Religious Traditions: ●
The family does not specifically state any specific religious traditions; however, they do occasionally pray before they eat meals together and share strong moral values that they want to pass down to their children as well as to Will. The family does not go to church on a regular basis, but they do sometimes attend church for special events and Carlton and Ashley sing in the choir.
(Ashley and Carlton singing in choir, n.d.)
Strengths & Challenges Strengths ● ● ● ●
The family is very close to one another and share most of what is going on in their lives. The family always comes together regardless of whether the situation is negative. Education and work are encouraged. Though family members may make fun of each other, they still care for one another.
(Carlton and Will in school, n.d.)
Challenges ● ● ●
The parents, specifically Philip, is very strict with the family particularly with Ashley and Will. Different personality traits may cause members to clash frequently. Due to the family’s strict rules and regulations, the children and Will often try to rebel and do things that Philip and Vivian may not approve of. The Banks children are often spoiled since they come from a rich economic background. (Will talking to Philip, n.d.)
Communication Practices Verbal: ● ●
The family is able to communicate with one another through direct dialogue. Although Vivian is still strict with the children in regards to how they should behave, she is not as strict as Philip and is more calm when communicating with the children. When Philip is mad, Vivian is usually the one who helps to calm Philip by talking softly to him and bringing reality back into him.
(Vivian and Will speaking, n.d.)
When Philip gets angry with Will or one of his children, he often just stares down at Will or the other members, which is enough for them to know exactly what Philip’s intentions are. Will also chases Will when he does not like or approve of Will’s actions. Family members often hug one another when they make up from fights and come to agreement with one another.
(Will and Philip hugging, n.d.)
(Philip staring, n.d.)
Application of Family Theory: Family Systems Theory ● ● ●
This theory aims to observe the family unit as a whole and to individually look at how each member of the family affects the family in its entirety. There are four concepts to this theory and the Banks family can be applied to each one. Concept 1 (All Parts of the System Are Interconnected): ○ This describes how if one family member of the family experiences an event, then this affects all the other members in the family. ○ In regards to the Banks family, when Philip has the myocardial infarction, all the members of the family react negatively towards the event and are shocked that this event has actually occurred. For example, Ashley feels guilty because she believes she made her dad overwork while Carlton is in denial and does not want to go to the hospital to visit his father until Will tells him to. Concept 2 (The Whole Is More Than the Sum of Its Parts): ○ This describes how while each member’s life is important, the family in its entirety is more valuable. ○ The Banks family has always been a close family with strong values in which the children were taught that it is important to come together as a family whenever a good or bad event occurs. When Philip has the MI, the family stops everything that they are doing in order to focus their attention on Philip. Concept 3 (All Systems Have Some Form of Boundaries or Borders Between the System and Its Environment): ○ This explains how in order to control the amount of stressors that are felt in the family, families use different kinds of barriers to limit stress. ○ The family has open boundaries in which they are open to healthcare professionals taking care of Phillip and helping them through this difficult time in their lives. Concept 4 (Systems Can Be Further Organized Into Subsystems): ○ This describes that the family can be broken into subsystems such as father to child and husband to wife which will help the healthcare professional understand which specific interventions to use in order to decrease the amount of stress the family is experiencing by identifying how to approach each subsystem. ○ When Philip is in the hospital the physician speaks to the members of the family in general instead of approaching each subsystem differently. In order to achieve the maximum family outcomes, health care professionals, specifically nurses, should understand the subsystems of each particular family. (Kaakinen et al., 2015)
Application of Family Theory Cont. Interventions and Outcomes ●
1.) Intervention: Provide the Banks family with social support to help the whole family communicate with others with similar experiences. Rationale: By engaging in social support, the Banks family will have a lower risk of being vulnerable to stressors (Fuochi & Foà, 2017) ○ Outcome: In a week, the family will participate in at least one social support group and will express what they have learned. 2.) Intervention: Assess the Banks family coping skills in dealing with Philip’s myocardial infarction. Rationale: By identifying the family’s coping skills, the proper interventions can be implemented (H. Son, Friedmann, Thomas, Y. Son, 2016). ○ Outcome: Each member of the family will identify at least one coping skill that they have used to cope with the situation. 3.) Intervention: Discuss with the Banks family the importance of integrating psychological, biological, and social factors. Rationale: By having an holistic approach, the Banks family will have improved coping strategies in regards to myocardial infarction (H. Son, Friedmann, Thomas, Y. Son, 2016). ○ Outcome: The Banks family members will understand the importance of integrating psychological, biological, and social factors in coping with their family condition.
(Social Support, n.d.)
References Fuochi, G., & FoĂ , C. (2017). Quality of life, coping strategies, social support and selfâ€?efficacy in women after acute myocardial infarction: a mixed methods approach. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 32(1), 98-107. doi:10.1111/scs.12435 Ignatavicius, D. D. & Workman, L. M. (2016). Medical-surgical nursing: Patient-centered collaborative care (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Kaakinen, J. R., Coelho, D. P., Steele, R., Tabacco, A., & Harmon Hanson, S. M. (2015). Family health care nursing: theory, practice, and research (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company. Medina, B., Pollack, J., Borowitz, A., Borowitz, S., (Writers) & Jenson S. (Director) (1993). Home Is Where the Heart Attack Is [Television Series Episode]. In W. Walian & M. Williams (Producers) The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air. Los Angeles, CA: Columbia/Sunset Gower Studios. Son, H., Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., & Son, Y. (2016). Biopsychosocial predictors of coping strategies of patients postmyocardial infarction. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 22(5), 493-502. doi:10.1111/ijn.12465
Image References Ashley and Carlton singing in choir [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://media.gettyimages.com/photos/hare-today-episode-18-pictured-alfonso-ribeiro-as-carlton-banks-ali-picture-id140622084?k=6&m=140622084&s=612x612&w=0&h =iriVv4Kd4nihe9hHDvvjgKJ73NMgvC1-TpE6MLHTONM= Carlton and Will in school [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://the-artifice.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Race-and-Class-in-The-Fresh-Prince-of-Bel-Air2-500x300.jpg Philip eating [Online image]. (n.d.). Retreived from http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-QBijWnNh9o4/UbpHQSJHY8I/AAAAAAAAD_o/xcCJ29r2_lk/s400/freshprince6-22.jpg Philip in hospital bed [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMzk0MzU0Nzg1OV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTgwNjE1MTIyMjE@._V1_UY268_CR87,0,182,268_AL_.jpg Philip staring [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://images4.fanpop.com/image/photos/20800000/The-Fresh-Prince-of-Bel-Air-1x01-The-Fresh-Prince-Project-the-fresh-prince-of-bel-air-20895698-500-375.jpg Social Support [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from 140-characters-to-skinny-social-support-provided-by-commercial-weightloss-programs-via-twitter-15-638.jpg The Banks Family [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://images3.persgroep.net/rcs/eMEfDnMJGDU8dZhNmZcSZhsX7C4/diocontent/57084897/_fitwidth/694/?appId=21791a8992982cd8da851550a453bd7f&quality=0.9
The Banks House [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://images.mentalfloss.com/sites/default/files/styles/insert_main_wide_image/public/belaire%20home.jpg The Fresh Prince of Bel Air [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://is1.mzstatic.com/image/thumb/Music6/v4/68/dd/4f/68dd4fb7-ade4-276c-e067-b9fdd9bc4a70/source/1200x630bb.jpg Vivian and Will speaking [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.tvovermind.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Fresh-Prince-of-Bel-Air.png Will and Philip hugging [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://blacksportsonline.com/home/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Will-and-Uncle-Phil.jpg Will talking to Philip [Online image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2014/01/01/article-0-1A606E8E00000578-854_634x804.jpg
Published on Mar 10, 2018