Non Profit U.S. Postage
PAID Columbus, OH Permit No. 687
333 West Broad Street | Columbus, Ohio 43215–2738 614.228.COSI | www.cosi.org
Return Service Requested SPECIAL SUMMER HOURS Open seven days a week through Labor Day! Monday – Saturday, 10am–5pm; Sunday, Noon–6pm (Closed July 2) Open until 9pm the last Friday of every month! Institutional Sponsors
C O S I N E W S | Volume 11, Issue Two, May 2010 COSI News, the official newsletter of COSI Columbus, is published three times annually as a benefit of membership.
CALENDAR of events June:
12–20: The Science
13: Adults-Only Titanic Event Join us for a memorable evening aboard Titanic!
of Big Machines opens
13: Parents’ Night
25: Family Friday Night,
Parents, go out on the town (or have fun at COSI’s Adults-Only Titanic event) while your kids ages 5–14 learn the science and engineering of flight, have dinner, and design and test their own aircraft. Reservations required, call 614.228.2674 for details and pricing.
COSI open 5–9pm
July: 2: New! Fireworks with COSI. Reservations required, call 614.228.2674 for details and pricing.
2: COSI Closed* *Open at 4pm for Member Fireworks with COSI Event.
4: “Mess Fest” Science Day 14–18: Farm Days:
Out: Summer Takes Flight, 6–10pm
14: “Shaping the Future” – Materials Science Day
21: Titanic Science Day 27: Family Friday Night,
20–22: little kidspace graduation! 20: Titanic Family Overnight
COSI open 5–9pm
September: 6: Last day for Titanic: The Artifact Exhibition 7–17: COSI closed for annual maintenance and cleaning
Little Seeds, Big Tractors opens
30: Family Friday Night, COSI open 5–9pm
VISIT WWW.COSI.ORG/SHARE AND BECOME A TRUE INSIDER.
Visit at www.cosi.org to learn more about exhibit and film openings, dates for camps and workshops, and special events.
LEARN TO LIVE GRACEFULLY on planet Earth
HOT SUMMER, COOL SCIENCE So much to discover
the world’s most famous
New watershed exhibit now open!
Preserve. Conserve. Learning to live gracefully on planet Earth. By Sharon Tinianow, Director of Sustainability Initiatives COSI’s goal is to be the place for engaging, meaningful, and fun experiences that show how science is fundamental to everyday life. We want a visit to COSI to inspire and encourage you to take actions that improve the quality of life for you, your family, and your community. As part of COSI’s strategic plan, we are creating experiences that focus on relevant topics such as energy and the environment. Research shows that COSI Members and the community feel these topics are important and want to learn about them at COSI. Also, teachers, policy makers, and employers recognize the need for informed citizens and employees who can think critically about environmental issues and find creative solutions. They are looking to COSI to be part of the solution for increasing the level of understanding around these complex topics. What do we mean by energy and environment? We define it as understanding the interconnectedness of all life on Earth. How we generate and use energy in our homes and businesses affects the environment for all of us, as well as our family finances. Our choices about transportation impact more than our wallets. Creating a more sustainable world for future generations means rethinking all these choices and finding ways to protect or replenish dwindling resources. We teach about energy and environment by exploring how natural cycles and systems are interwoven with human energy use and encouraging action on that knowledge. We are doing this through ground-breaking collaborations with university and corporate partners who will help us answer the question “how can we live gracefully on this planet?”
COSI has already begun creating experiences that engage our Members and guests in this question. The Rain Garden outside the main entrance to COSI demonstrates a better way to manage the rain water that runs off part of our roof. The Ohio Native Prairie in Big Science Park is a place to explore a natural environment that is powered by the sun. The Pod House, due to be installed this year next to the prairie, is a human-made environment that is also powered by the sun – an example of how innovation in design can be inspired by nature. Lily Pad is COSI’s new watershed exhibit, thanks to the generous support of the Nationwide Foundation. Located in the Ocean Exhibition Area, Lily Pad is a place to explore the watershed we live in, the animals and plants that live here with us, and our role in protecting the watershed so it continues to support life. In Lily Pad you meet crayfish, darters, bullfrogs, turtles, and a snake that make their homes in or near Ohio streams. Lily Pad’s six lab stations each feature a different activity to help you understand what's happening in watersheds and why they're important to us.
B(eco)me A Green Camper!
Kids will discover that even the smallest individual effort can have a positive impact on our environment. Animal Safari Ages 5–11 | June 7–11, 2010 (9am–4pm) Join us as we discover the science behind animal adaptations. Have a close encounter with COSI's animal inhabitants! New! Eco Kids Ages 7–8 | June 21–25, 2010 (9am–Noon) Explore the world around you and learn about the impact your choices have on our planet in this camp that makes “going green” more fun than ever!
Premium Camp! Amazing Caves Ages 9–12 July 12–16, 2010 (9am–4pm) Keep naturally cool this summer exploring the world beneath our feet. Spend three days at COSI, then discover what life's like underground as we visit Cincinnati Museum Center's The Cavern: World Without Light exhibition on our way to Mammoth Cave National Park!
New! Water – Splash, Spill & Swim Ages 5–6 | July 19–23, 2010 Prepare to get wet as we explore the properties of water! Investigate the ecology of the Scioto River to see what swims in our local watershed. New! Creature Keepers Ages 7–8 | July 19–23, 2010 (1pm–4pm), August 9–13, 2010 (9am–Noon) Go wild exploring our natural world! From the tiniest insects to giant humpback whales, see the animal kingdom from a whole new perspective.
Visit www.cosi.org/camp-cosi to register or learn more. 2 | COSI News
Protect. Connect. Lily Pad’s six lab stations include… • Create a Critter | Design an animal adapted to live in water. You'll better understand how real creatures breathe, eat, and survive. • A Soapy Situation | Ever washed your car and watched the soap drain down your driveway? Learn how detergent changes the cohesive properties of water and can impact aquatic life. • Filter Challenge | Mimic nature's own filtering process. Make a bowl of “polluted water” using colored sand and beads, process it through a series of sieves, and use a magnet to remove pollutants.
• Which Mussel is Which? | Identify freshwater mussels that live in Ohio's streams, rivers, and lakes. Find out why these endangered creatures are important to our watershed. • Surface Matters | Find out where water goes when it rains on concrete, permeable concrete, asphalt, or topsoil, and which surface is better for watersheds. Stream Doctors | Identify and match aquatic creatures from nearby rivers. Use real tools from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources to determine the health of our waterways.
Additional interactive exhibits will be in place this summer. Hands-on activities will be offered in Lily Pad at select times. During your next visit to COSI, be sure to check the daily show sheet or the sign outside Lily Pad for additional details.
ODNR – Division of Wildlife YSI Foundation
Anderson Concrete Corp. The Olen Corporation Shelly Materials
MADE POSSIBLE THROUGH THE SUPPORT OF
The Rain Garden MADE POSSIBLE THROUGH THE SUPPORT OF THE
Harry E. and Corinne Babbert and Dr. Thelma I. Schoonover funds of The Columbus Foundation
Dr. Bernard Master and Mrs. Susan Master
ADDITIONAL ASSISTANCE PROVIDED BY
Franklin Soil and Water Conservation District City of Columbus Department of Recreation and Parks City of Columbus Department of Public Utilities Friends of the Scioto River Ohio Contractors Association Operating Engineers Apprenticeship
When it comes to ensuring a clean and healthy environment and conserving energy, no one can do everything, but everyone can do something! Visit COSI to learn more and start with these at home tips for protecting our planet. To conserve energy: Shift the transportation load – walking, bicycling, car pooling, public transportation, and consolidating errands helps to avoid unnecessary driving to save on fuel and reduce air pollution. Turn off the lights – and the computer, the TV, and every other “energy vampire” in your house when you aren’t using them. Run your major appliances at night – when demand for electricity is lower. So start the dishwasher, washing machine, and dryer right before you go to bed. For more energy saving tips visit the American Electric Power website at: www.aepohio.com/save/ To protect water resources: Consider native plants in your flower beds – they need less water, fertilizer, and pesticides than non-natives. Capture the runoff from your roof in a rain garden or rain barrel – to help conserve water and limit storm water runoff. For more landscaping tips visit the Central Ohio Rain Garden Initiative website at: www.centralohioraingardens.org
DESIGNED BY Amy Duff, Urban Wild
Did you know…
local watersheds feed the Olentangy and Scioto Rivers and eventually flow into the Gulf of Mexico? This system of rivers is affected by the farms, cities and people along the way, where actions we take here in Ohio affect the animals in the warm waters of the Caribbean. Dolphins & Whales 3D, our featured Extreme Screen film, shows the beauty and fragileness of the tribes of the ocean, how they are being threatened and inspires audiences to take action.
Dolphins & Whales 3D | ANNUAL PRESENTING MEDIA SPONSOR
Showing now through Labor Day! FILM SPONSORS
Peebles Creative Group
www.cosi.org | 3
This summer beat the heat with some cool science at COSI! We’ll explore the science behind fireworks with a special, Members’ exclusive Red, White & Boom viewing party, monthly themed science days including our first annual “Mess Fest” on July 4th and a second Titanic Science Day. Plus we’ll be bringing back our popular Big Machines and Farm Days events with all of your favorite big rigs and new features.
The Science of
June 12–20, 2010 COSI invites you to get behind the wheel and operate equipment that builds roads and buildings! Come explore the science and technology of construction by trying it out firsthand in a variety of activities and learning with real engineers. From small hand tools to big equipment, you’ll discover how big jobs get done. Find more than a dozen pieces of construction equipment to explore! CREATED AND MADE POSSIBLE BY
New! Fireworks With COSI
An exclu sive event just for COSI Me mbers!
Friday, July 2, 2010 (starts at 4pm) Join us for an explosive evening at COSI followed by the chance to watch Red, White, and Boom from one of the best viewing spots in town with your very own “fireworks viewing glasses.” Festivities include: • Picnic-style buffet • Designated viewing section on COSI’s lawn for an up-close view of Red, White, & Boom • Convenient parking in COSI’s parking lots (a $15 value!) • Admission to Life, Progress, Gadgets, and little kidspace without the crowds
• COSI’s Science of Fireworks Live Show followed by a Science of Fireworks Workshop (includes Liquid Nitrogen Ice Cream) • Access to all of Red, White, and Boom’s festivities and parade • Access to COSI restrooms throughout the evening
Member pricing is $20/person. Members may bring non-member guests for $25/person. Space is limited. RSVP by June 25 at 614.228.2674.
Science Days at COSI
Mess Fest Sunday, July 4, 2010 (Noon–5pm) Come play on Independence Day! COSI is open, and we’re a mess. Help us discover all the squishy, gooey, squirty properties of our favorite messy demonstrations. Add the Messy Science Family Workshop for an additional fee.
Farm Days: Little Seeds, Big Tractors July 14–18, 2010 Farm Days: Little Seeds, Big Tractors showcases the big equipment of the farm and the farmers who use them. This year we'll feature several new activities plus Member favorites like “milking” Daisy – COSI’s fiberglass cow and the chance to sit in the cab of a big combine or get behind the wheel of a tractor. In addition, you can try a pedal tractor course, make a seed necklace that grows, and collect trading cards with farming facts.
EXHIBIT GROWN BY
Shaping the Future: Materials Science Saturday, August 14, 2010 (11am–3pm) Materials that remember their shape, superconducting ceramics, and the hardest metals on Earth. Join our partners from The Ohio State University Center for Emergent Materials to reshape the way you think about the world. Add the Chemistry LIVE! You Try It Workshop for an additional fee.
Titanic Science Saturday, August 21, 2010 (11am–3pm) Dive into the mysteries of the world's most famous shipwreck. Learn about modern shipbuilding, and experiment with the “science of sink.” Add our Science of the Titanic Family Workshop to your day for an additional fee.
Learn more about special events and science days at www.cosi.org or by calling 614.228.2674. For more Titanic-themed programs, see page 6. 4 | COSI News
Science! SUPPER HEROS Farmers make pizza possible all over the planet! Have you ever wondered where the pizza you’re going to eat for dinner came from or thought about how the ingredients were grown or processed? For a pizza, there is flour to make the crust, tomatoes and herbs that make up the sauce, and cheese. All of these came from a farm, probably run by a family as a business, who raised or grew the raw materials that would become the ingredients for the pizza. The flour started as wheat that was harvested and milled into flour, the tomatoes and herbs were grown from seeds, then harvested and processed into delicious sauce, and the cheese was processed from milk from a dairy farm. Everything we eat, whether it is in the raw form like a banana or processed like ice cream, all started off on the farm.
Pizza Splatter What you’ll need… • Big plastic bowl • Wooden spoon • One box of corn starch • Plastic milk jug full of water • Plastic measuring cup • Pizza pan • Towels for clean-up What to do… 1
What may be surprising is that farming is still a “small” business for the most part, with families running farms that average 188 acres. In fact, there are 75,700 farms in Ohio today. Here are some ways you can connect with local farmers and their delicious products: • Farmers Market – Farmers Markets are an excellent source for fruits, vegetables, locally grown meat and eggs, honey, maple syrup, salsa, and more. The products are sold by the farmers themselves and they will gladly give you samples and information on how they were grown. To find a local farmers market visit www.localharvest.org or the Ohio Farm Bureau’s “Our Ohio Buying Local Directory” at www.ourohio.org • Pick-your-own farm – These farms allow you to pick your own produce directly from the field or orchard – it’s your chance to pick the perfect strawberry, apple, or pumpkin. To find a pick-your-own farm visit www.pickyourown.org • Roadside market – There are several family farms in Central Ohio that run roadside markets that are “farm retail” outlets, often featuring produce right from that farm, often picked within hours of your purchase. Visit www.ohioproud.org to find roadside markets. So next time you sit down to eat a slice of pizza, remember the farmers that made it possible and if you meet a farmer this summer, tell him or her “thanks” for dinner! Source: Ohio Office of USDA National Agriculture Statistics Service
Get to know the people behind the tractors at Farm Days: Little Seeds, Big Tractors, July 14–18, 2010.
Add ¼ of the box of corn starch and 1 cup of water to the plastic bowl and stir.
Keep stirring in corn starch and/or water until you get a mixture that has the consistency of honey – thin enough to pour, but thick enough
Important for your table, important for Ohio and the world. Agriculture is a critical industry for Ohio and the world. Much of the world’s food comes from North American Farms. In Ohio, agriculture is the number one industry, contributing $93.8 billion dollars to Ohio’s economy. It goes beyond our borders with U.S. farms exporting more than $1 billion in crops and products to many nations.
Try this activity outside!
not to run. If you’re tempted to mix it with your hands, GO FOR IT! 3
Pour your creation onto the pizza pan. It will look like wet cement or even spilled milk.
Call a friend over and ask, “would you like some splatter pizza?” Run your finger slowly through the mixture on the pan. It will run around your finger like water. Then quickly slam your open hand down on the mixture. Your friend will probably jump away to avoid the spray, but the mixture won’t splatter!
What’s going on? At COSI, we call this mixture of corn starch and water “oobleck.” Oobleck is a suspension. Unlike salt, corn starch doesn’t dissolve in water; instead it stays suspended in the water. Oobleck acts like a liquid some of the time, like when you run your finger through it slowly. This is because the suspended bits of corn starch have plenty of time to get out of the way, so the water doesn’t get “stuck” between bits. But if you slam down hard on the oobleck, the corn starch bits block the water from moving, and the oobleck acts like a solid. So even though you slammed down hard on the pan, the oobleck didn’t splatter. Suspensions are incredible! Clean Up… DON’T ever pour oobleck down your sink. It could harden in your pipes and cause a bad clog. Instead, wipe the whole thing into the trash. If you can, wash the pizza pan and bowl off with a hose in the yard before you take them inside to wash with soap. Try this and other great messy science at Mess Fest, Sunday, July 4, 2010, Noon–5pm.
www.cosi.org | 5
the world’s most famous
In April 1912, Titanic, the world’s largest ship, sank after colliding with an iceberg on her maiden voyage. On board were 2,228 passengers including titans of commerce and industry, artists and movie stars, government leaders, immigrants dreaming of a new life, and mothers, fathers, sons, and daughters. More than 1,500 died. No one believed it could happen. Then Titanic sat, shrouded in mystery at the bottom of the Atlantic, until advances in science and technology brought her story to the surface. The world’s most famous shipwreck was discovered by Dr. Robert Ballard and Jean Louis Michel in a joint U.S./French expedition on September 1, 1985. Titanic’s wreck site is located 963 miles northeast of New York, 453 miles southeast of Newfoundland,
“With Titanic, we are looking at an area of
and 2.5 miles beneath the ocean surface. Dr. Ballard began his search for the ship in 1973. Finding the famous wreck was a painstaking process.
the ocean floor that is probably smaller than
RMS Titanic, Inc., (RMST) recovered objects from the wreck site in 1993. The following year, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia declared RMST salvor-in-possession of the wreck of the RMS Titanic. RMST is the only entity that has recovered and conserved items from Titanic. During seven research and recovery expeditions, RMST recovered more than 5,500 objects ranging from delicate porcelain dishes to a 17-ton section of the hull.
be explored. It is exciting, it’s hopeful, it is
the Ohio State University campus. And there are literally billions of areas that size left to inspiring. And I hope that every parent that goes in (the Titanic exhibition) with their kid would want their child to walk out and be the scientist, the engineer, the mathematician that goes after it because we will need an entire generation to look at and fully understand each of the billions of Titanic areas out there left to be explored.” Rear Admiral Fred Byus, Oceanographer/ Navigator of the Navy
Open now through September 6, 2010 MEDIA PARTNERS
Go Deeper… learn more about Titanic! • • • • • • •
Titanic Audio Tours | Available for $5 to enhance your Titanic visit Teacher Workshops “Inquiry Into Titanic” | July 6 and July 7 COSI Mini-Camp (ages 5–6) “Engineering: Make It Float” | July 19–23 COSI Scientists in Action Camp (ages 9-11) “Science of Titanic” | July 26–30 Titanic Adult Date-Night | August 13 Titanic Family Overnight | August 20 Titanic Science Days (+ Family Workshops) | August 21
Learn more about Titanic-related programs at www.cosi.org or by calling 614.228.2674.
See Shackleton’s Antarctic Adventure on COSI’s 7-Story Extreme Screen this summer! Another true story about a famous shipwreck and the triumphant survival of the entire crew. Visit www.cosi.org for showtimes. ANNUAL PRESENTING MEDIA SPONSOR 6 | COSI News
FILM DISTRIBUTED BY
What’s it really like…
21/2 miles deep? by Stephen Whitt, Director of Public & Member Programs At Titanic’s depth of 2.5 miles below the ocean’s surface, no sunlight has ever been seen, and the water surrounding Titanic is around 3° C all the time. Why? Because unlike almost everything else in the world, water doesn’t get heavier as it freezes. Instead, it gets lighter. That’s why ice cubes float in your glass, and whyTitanic ran into a floating iceberg on that fateful night. The very heaviest water is not frozen water, but water at (you guessed it) around 3° C. With no sunlight that deep, the water can’t warm up. It stays forever close to, but not quite at, the freezing point of water. That’s cold! You’ll also need to watch out for the pressure. The water at the ocean floor is holding up 2.5 miles of ocean above. If you were to try to breathe down here, you’d feel a pressure of 6,000 pounds per square inch! That’s like having a hippopotamus standing on every square inch of you! With the wreck of the Titanic affected by the very cold water and extreme pressure, here are some frequently asked questions about the wreckage: Can Titanic be raised? Sadly, even if the technology existed to raise it from the seabed, the wreck is far too fragile to withstand lifting and transportation. Is Titanic in danger of collapse? Yes, but it is uncertain when this will take place. Already in the years since the Ship’s discovery, there has been a compaction of the decks on the stern section, and decay of the superstructure in the area of the officers’ quarters, gymnasium, and enclosed promenade. What is the condition of the Ship's interiors? Most of the soft woods such as the pine walls between cabins have disappeared throughout the vessel turning the Ship’s interiors into enormous steel caverns, with a thick layer of brown ooze covering the decks. There are some remnants of the once-opulent décor, mostly in the quiet water parts of the wreck where the lack of circulation inhibits wood-digesting organisms. Ceiling and wall panels, wainscoting, and decorative window coverings have been best preserved in the first-class reception room, and deluxe suites.
Membership has its
Your COSI Membership gives you the opportunity to save on camps, programs, exhibits, and even at other museums! Don’t forget to take advantage of these great benefits this summer!
Save on Camp COSI!
It’s not too late to sign up for Camp COSI! Members can save up to $50 on a camp. At Camp COSI kids 5–16 explore animals, space, archaeology, roller coasters, and more in half-day and full-day weeklong camps that are both fun and smart. Receive an additional discount for registering for multiple camps, ask us for details! Visit www.cosi.org/camp-cosi to register.
“It is a great, complete package that is well executed. It allows kids to have fun while learning.” Parent of a COSI Camper
Members receive Free reciprocal admission to over 300 science centers worldwide! With over 40 science museums and science centers in Ohio and the surrounding states, your COSI membership can help you save on your summer vacation! Visit www.cosi.org/members for a complete listing of reciprocal science centers.
COSI Premium Members
Save Even More!
In addition to free reciprocal admission at 300 science centers, COSI’s Premium Members receive access to over 165 children’s museums across the United States. Visit www.cosi.org/members for a complete listing of reciprocal children’s museums. COSI’s Premium Membership also includes: • Exclusive early access to COSI’s little kidspace® area starting at 9am, Wednesday – Friday • Special once-a-month programming in little kidspace (9-10am). Upcoming programs include: Wednesday, June 30: Explore simple machines like trucks and how they help us do heavy lifting. Wednesday, July 28: Dig in and discover things you may see on the farm. Thursday, August 26: Splish, splash and discover why water is so much fun! To upgrade to a Premium membership, call 614.228.2674
Don’t miss these upcoming exhibits… Visit www.cosi.org/members to renew your Membership today.
September 25, 2010 – January 2, 2011 Explore Birdwell Island and discover Clifford's Big Ideas – 10 simple, tangible life lessons designed to help your children navigate their world.
January 15 – May 8, 2011 Bulging eyes built for night vision, ‘sticky’ toepads that can climb glass, extreme camouflage, and disposable body parts. Come see what separates the geckos from your typical reptile.
Dinosaurs are returning to COSI in Summer 2011! Stay tuned for details. www.cosi.org | 7