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PROJECT 2017 -2018

Art in my city A European Art Exhibition Each class went to visit a museum and selected some works of art to be displayed for an exhibition with the aim of promoting European art.

Feuille de houx or Holly leaf (in english) It’s a oil in canvas, It measures 413cm by 638cm. The autor of this painting is Fernand LEGER. It represents a holly leaf. I think the canvas must be exposed in the exposition of the european art exhibition because it represents a holly leaf and holly leaf represents Christmas. Christmas is the day of the birthday of Jesus Christ in the christians. The thorns do thing at crown of thorns of Jesus Christ and the red bowls of holly represnts for christans the blood of Jesus Christ . The europe is principally christain like Fernand LEGER ( the painter of the canvas) , so the painting represents the majority of people on 1930. The painting represents the love too, because the Chrismas day if two persons are under branch of holly, the two persons have to kiss for be happy in their relationship in the year (and the tradition said they will get married.) And the painting gives hope and love between the two wars.

Pablo Picasso is a famous spain painter. His artistic mouvement was cubism. He was born in Malaga , the October 25th in 1881. The drawing and the sculpture was his passion too. He spent the majority of his life in France and he died in April 8th in 1973. I chose this artefact entitled «Le portrait de Dora Maar». This is a portrait of two girls, the two women are Marie Thérèse Walter and Dora Maar . They are two in one because Picasso loved the two but he couldn’t decide who choose between this women . The paint represent a nude body on a white and blue background . This is an oil on canvas create in 1841, 92*65. We can see the face of one of them and it looks sad , tense and tired like Europe during the war. Both breasts are drawn by a strange way. They aren’t in their right place . I think that the portrait to deserve to expose in our E-book . And for that I’ve some arguments to tell you. First of all , this artwork is European because Pablo Picasso created it during the second world war. At this time France was occupe by the nazi , nation of Germany controlled by Hitler. I don’t know if what I’m saying is true . for me when I see this portrait of two women , I believed see a divided France or a divided Europe as during this occupation . It also works with the Berlin wall who divided two nation or two parties. The Capitalism and the Communism. I think this portrait tells absolutely the Europe story. This portrait first makes me thing of a destructuring, the war and the restructuring, a united Europe .

painting analyses This very famous painting, which shows the duality of the human being, travels around the world. This work by Picasso is part of the European cultural heritage because it was made by a European artist and is currently in a museum in Europe, France, in the museum named "Fondation Jardot", in Belfort. This work represents two women opposites and profile in the foreground, a little but with a special meaning and different. First on the left of the table highlights the rather sensual side of the woman, she can represents the mistress that he met in a cafe, we can see almost not her face, supple and fine, she seems to represent the mischievous side of the woman while the other on the right who can be his wife, shows a rather fleshy and a bit opposite on what can represents the woman on the left. The colors are enough dark, they tend more to gray while in the background and to the right, the color is clear, a little yellow to surely emphasize the difference of character of the two characters.

Picasso's early life Born in Malaga, Spain, in October of 1881, he was the first child born in the family. His father worked as an artist, and was also a professor at the school of fine arts; he also worked as a curator for the museum in Malaga. Pablo Picasso studied under his father for one year, then went to the Academy of Arts for one year, prior to moving to Paris. In 1901 he went to Paris, which he found as the ideal place to practice new styles, and experiment with a variety of art forms. It was during these initial visits, which he began his work in surrealism and cubism style, which he was the founder of, and created many distinct pieces which were influenced by these art forms .Spanish expatriate Pablo Picasso was one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, as well as the co-creator of Cubism.

Marc Chagall is a famous Russian painter and inscriber of the 20th century, his works are  mainly exhibited in the Museum of Modern Art in New York, in Museum do Caramulo  (Caramulo Museum) in Portugal, Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, …. He was born on July 7 1887 in Liozna but he died in March 28 1985 in Saint­Paul­de­Vence. I Chose « nuit verte » (green night in English) to represent European art a work of Marc  Chagall. I choose this work because to represent European art because this painting represents the  image of certain city in Europe as Paris or Venice which are cities that symbolize love and  we can see in this painting lots of symbol of love since two lovers huddle one against the  other. but the author manages to insert a magical landscape like the goat which represents  the protection and the peace in certain European culture. In conclusion « nuit verte » is a work thats represents European art because in this painting  the colors are rich and alive, the elements are well structured and almost geometric and like  many European works this work is very sentimental.

The author of this painting is Marc CHAGALL, he was born the 7 of July 1887 in Liozna (Empire Russian) and died the 28 of March 1985 in Saint-Paul-de-Vence (France), at the age of 97. It is an author and engraver, he is native of Russian (Byelorussia, in the Empire of Russian). He is one of the most famous artist in France on twentieth, with Pablo Picasso. He can makes painting on canvas, engraving, sculpture, poem, ...

I choose “The green night� of Marc CHAGALL (1887-1985) because she well represent the European art. We can see a couple who the man takes in his arms the woman, the couple is in the country and we observe a lot of color. They are happy and amorous. This painting represent the love, and we know many of city in France represent too the love (Paris, Venise,...). So this painting is perfect for represent the European art.

Dessins de guerre. Fernand Leger was born in Argentan, France on the 4 Februar 1881 and he died in Gif-sur-Yvette, France, on the 17 August 1955. He was a french painter, and he was one of the first to publicly expose Cubist orientation.

I think, this board, which represents war drawings, must be exposed in the exposition of the european art because it's about the First World War, and this subject represents Europe well. We mustn't forget that this war

was very important for our Europe so necessarily these drawings are the best for represent what we are and what we represent. Why I choose Dessin de guerre from Fernand Leger to represent Europe. It’s a French painter and sculptor of twenty century. He was born on 4 February 1881 in Argentina and he's dead the 17 august 1955 in Gif-sur-Yvette. I chose it because Fernand Leger is a French artist and his works represent the first war. It's an important step for Europe and the world but it's mostly on the Europe soil that the battle rages on.

WWI created the first important ways to fight. For the first time we saw soldiers bury into the ground fighting with long range weapons, that's the reason why the traditional representations didn’t work anymore and some new styled artists started showing new artistic methods to represent these new fighting methods : Fernand LÊger was one of them and he perfectly used cubism for giving all the emotional strength needed. The decomposition of the shape was a very new style and cubism in general lend pretty well with the apocalyptic field that he watched. If he is now an important face of the European art its mostly because he gave all his time painting the beauty and the sadness of a continent and obviously his Carnets de guerre are showing us an unavoidable time of France and because he really influenced all the artists

lost in the war and all the soldier/drawer he gave them a real expression for their sketch, that's partially why we can see today a lots of other WWI cubism drawing.

«La nuit fertile» by André Masson

Biography: The French painter André Masson was born on January 4th, 1896 in Balagny-sur-Thérain, of parents of rural origin. He died on October 28th, 1987 in Paris. From 1907, André Masson studied to the Royal Academy of Fine arts and Decorative arts of Brussels. He registered then in the National School of the Fine arts of Paris in 1912. He

practiced a very personal Cubism from the end of the first world war, in the course of which he is seriously injured. In his workshop famous people like Roland Tual, Antonin Artaud, Georges Limbour, Michel Leiris, Georges Bataille, Louis Aragon and André Breton notably met. And his workshop turned out to be one of the places of training of the Surrealism. André Masson could dedicated himself, from 1922, entirely to painting. Masson who considers himself to be a born surrealist joined the movement in 1923. Fascinated by Spain and its landscapes, he goes into exile there voluntarily from 1933 till 1936. He settled in New England and has Alexander Calder, Yves Tanguy and Arshile Gorky for neighbours. In 1947, the artist moved near Aix in Provence. In 1965, Malraux entrusts him the decor of the ceiling of the theatre of Odéon, while the same year a retrospective in the national Museum of Modern Art was dedicated to his work.

Description: This painting is completely abstracted, no form is recognisable. Only colours and nuances of these can be described. In the background, there is a hot colour like pink coral. In the centre of the painting there is a jumble of rather cold colours. The blue, the purple being in the centre with nuances of brown colour. Only some strokes of flashy colours are visible. Why this artifact ? For me this work has completely its place in the e-book thanks to André Masson the one who painted it. First of all because he is European but especially thanks to the ceiling which he accomplished

in 1965 in the theatre of Europe, the Odeon. He replaced the ceiling painted by Jean-Paul Laurens in 1888. André Masson found his inspiration with the topic of Apollon-Soleil . Kenza

André Masson was a French painter, sculptor, illustrator, designer and writer, born at Balagny. He spent most of his youth in Brussels, where he worked as pattern-drawer in an embroidery studio and studied part-time at the Académie des Beaux-Arts. Then he moved to Paris and he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts 1912-14. He painting of forests, card players and still life, followed by experiments with automatic drawing. He participated from 1924-1929 in the Surrealist movement. Settled in 1947 at Aix-en-Provence, he painted landscape themes such as mountains and waterfalls for several years, followed by some almost completely abstract pictures. 

Presentation of the masterpiece

His subject is the mountain outside Aix-en-Provence. But rather than a literal depiction, it serves here as the impetus for a sense of bursting energy. Masson was a leading practitioner of the Surrealist technique of ‘automatic’ painting. We can see in the foreground a river which comes

from the mountain Holy Victory in the background. It crosses forest. This landscape is therefore very natural, the sky is clear, with the big sun which lights this picture 

Why can we bring it into an exhibition about Europe?

I think that this painting can be represented in a European exhibition because it is an example of one European landscape. The mountains, river and forest symbolize the nature, it’s beautiful! André Masson travelled a lot in Europe, it’s a link between he and this painting! France is a beautiful and amazing country, the most visited country of the world, and certainly the star among Europe, across France, It represents Europe. We can see a lot of colours, they represent the different culture of Europe. Romane

Composition en jaune et bleu - Fernand Léger Fernand Léger : Fernand Léger was born on February 4th in 1881, in Argentan and dead in August 17th in 1955, in Gif-sur-Yvette. He was a french creative, cardboard painter of tapestries and of stained glass windows, an interior decorator, a ceramicist, a sculptor, a designer and an illustrator. He was one of the first to display publicly jobs of direction cubiste, even if his style of "Tubiste" was sometimes qualified.He painted the work « composition en jaune et bleu » in 1929. He was very famous in the 30'.

Why : I choose this paint because this is an european work so I think it did to be in this e-book and this is a very good work of art who merits its place here and our attention. And Fernand Léger is an European painter so I think this paint has completly its place in the european e-book. Description : We can see a lot of elements on another planifier like a gun in 3 parts. This is a cubisme work, paint in yellow, blue, black, white and a little of brown. This paint is doing on a grey paper.

The careers of Bibemus I would like to propose a work for the European catalog of art. Visiting the Maurice Jardot Museum in Belfort that I had the idea to present this large painting on canvas is called "The careers of Bibémus". It was painted in 1948 by André Masson. He is a painter who was born in the north of France in 1896. He will participate in the First World War and will come back seriously injured. It does not mean that Masson shall stoppe the art during the rest of his life, she pass in 1987, he constantly created new works. Take over, Bibémus careers are part of the surrealist movement that has its first origins in France, that is to say, which includes all the psychic forces (automatism, dream, unconscious) liberated from the control of reason and from the struggle against the values received. This can be approximately translated as "let go". The oil on canvas is inspired by the real careers of Bibémus located in Aix en Provence (France). Indeed, the painter was aware of this place, because he lived there several years. It mentions a close relationship with this near landscape. It is for all its reasons that I want to inscribe this work in the European catalog of art. So, let's recap; it is a French painter, who fought in the first world war, who realized works belonging to the surrealist movement, which was born in France. The painting closely shows a link with a French historical site: the careers of Bibémus. (Hence the title chosen). All these things have a common report; they are completely European, even French. They unite perfectly together to form a work worthy of belonging to such a catalog.

« Dessins de guerre 1915-1916 » The name of this work is « Dessins de guerre 1915-1916 » Many drawings compose it, make between 1915 and 1916 by Ferand Léger. They were collect in 1956 in a collection. .He drew a lot of drawings, they speak about the life of every days of a soldier during the first wold war. For example mens play cards or eat in a trench. He maked them with papers. He can't painting on the battlefront, so that's why it is composed of draws and not paintings. He created them with pencil and not much colors. The absence of colors reminds of the horror and the hell of the war. This work belong to the cubism's mouvement . During this mouvement of the XXth century, the artists represents the objects and persons with geometric shapes. And the battlefield devasted is a big cubism inspiration for his works full of geometric shapes. Ferdinand Léger was born in 1881 in France. His art was quickly influenced by Picasso, Cézanne and Modigliani. He paint the cubism with his own style to « report the modern life ». He was a stretcher bearer during the first wold war between 1914 and 1917. He was also upholster, ceramicist, sculptor, decorator of theater and illustrator. During the second wold war, he went into exile in the USA. He died in 1955, at the age of 74 years. We can say that this work is european for a lot of reasons. Firstly, he show the first world war ; the europeans suffered of this conflict. In the past, to much europeans killed each over, actually we want to create bridges between our cultures. Now these type of workes are a symbol of peace. Everybody in Europe has been touched by it.

Andre Masson was born the four of January 1896 in Balagny, a little city in France. Passionate by the art, he studied at the “Beaux Arts” in Brussels and after in Paris. In 1914, he went to the first World War during which he was injured three times. This experience left a trace in his mind and we can see sometimes violence elements in his paintings. He travelled in Europe and in USA and become a real artist. His paintings are surrealist. By the way, he introduced the surrealist movement in 1924. Authors like André Breton or painters like Salvador Dali took part into it. He developed “the automatic drawings”: your hands draw without rules and you leave your instinct work and you obtain it. He developed the “sand paintings” too and he was often inspired by the myths. He likes cubism art with geometric forms. Masson has known in the world as an important artist who has transformed the modern art. He died the 28 of October 1987 in Paris at the age of 91 years old.

This painting is called “La montagne Sainte-Victoire”, it was painted in 1948 by Andre Masson and she is exhibiting in the Jardot Museum. This museum is located in Belfort in France and it was founded by Maurice Jardot, he was an expert and a collector of art. He created an art foundation for the new artists who weren’t still known. His foundation has become an art museum with famous paintings of Chagall, Picasso, … This oil painting is a cubism work which presents a mountain in the background and its environment: the vegetation, the sky and the sun at the top left hand-corner. Concretely, we can guess these details with the composition of the canvas. There are a lot of colours: red, pink, green, blue in the form of stain. Windies and black lines are drawn and delimit the set. These sharp colours and forms make a feeling of joy and warmth. Masson wanted to draw the mountains in the south of France when the temperature is warm with the sun. This painting is cubist because the nature is broken up in curves and colours, it is simplified. On my mind, this painting is a picture of Europe because all these colours could be the diversity of Europe. All countries are different and all people are unique. Everybody has different origins and ideas but we are united and we share ours knows. Like the nature, we live together. There were wars and disagreements but Europe is an idea of unity and peace. I think that Masson describes this idea in this painting. Another, it shows all elements of nature that are commons of the people from Europe: the mountains, the forest (with the green), the rivers. Finally, Masson is a man from Europe, he saw the 20th century in Europe, he saw the two world wars and the birth and evolution of European union. For me, this painting embodies the evolution of European union and it shows with vigour the Europe cohesion. It represents the ideal of peace and hope for the future.

Venus and Love (1975-1977 Pablo PICASSO (1881-1973) Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 to

Malaga, Andalusia and died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France. Of Spanish origin, Pablo was a painter, a sculptor, an artistand he belonged to the movement "cubism". Picasso worked in Paris and here is his work presented : Pablo Picasso always represented the paintings of Venus in an erotic way. We see that she is naked and that especially she is drawn with very carnal curves. We can see two characters: a woman and a boy, Venus and Eros. Eros is one of the little gods of love, he holds in his hand a spire of seduction.Venus wearing a necklace. So we see Eros is naked and is preparing to plant his arrow in the body of Venus who is naked tooso that she has the desire to mate. One sees on this painting like a rope which links the hands of Venus and which goes down along its thigh until the hand of Eros which tightens it, it wants perhaps to force it to like someone. We can therefore say that on this painting we see Venus attached to Eros, and he points Venus with an arrow of love and obliges him to love a certain person. I think this paint may be representative of Europe because the hands are like Europe which, for me, is like a chain connected to other countries and continents, and the love is very present on this work as in Europe where it’s a very romantic continent.

That's why I think this work should represent Europe in some cases.

Les oiseaux, Georges Braque

Fifty-three years ago, Georges Braque, a French artist who marked the first half of the 20th century, was leaving us. Coming from the cubist movement, Georges Braque is known for his still lifes inspired by the world of cafés and music. Subsequently, the theme of birds in the repertoire of the artist including many studies and models for the Louvre. "Study for the ceiling of the Louvre" (1953), visible at the Museum of Modern Art in Belfort, is part of one of them. This theme dates from a stay in the Camargue where Braque, after raising his eyes to a large flight of birds, met to paint skies and spread wings. This work, designed for a historic site, may surprise because it introduces contemporary art into an ancient architecture. The bird, no Braque retains only the silhouette in full flight, plays gravity and space and its simple form allows him to make infinite variations. This recurring theme will now dominate his creation until the end of his life, his workshop in Normandy allowing him to observe the flight of birds. I chose this painting, because, it represents the to Euro-art. The art of Europe or Western art encompasses the history of visual art in Europe. The early 20th century was marked by rapid change, which influenced the worldview of many and set the stage for new artistic movements. This painting represent two black birds, and two gold birds. The shadows in the blue sky is done with paper diary. This painting is in the Jardot Museum, in Belfort, France. Georges Braque is a famous painter of the XX th century. He started to paint with the Cubism after he saw « Les demoiselles d'Avignon », by Pablo Picasso. Then, Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso painted in duo. But, in the first World War, Georges was injured and the two painters sparated themselves. So Georges decided to change his subjects, such as Mythology, but he find his way with this subject : birds. He has been asked to paint the Louvre's Between 1952 and 1953 he did this artwork called « Les oiseaux ». To my mind, this artwork is representative of the European art because birds represent peace, and actually the Europe is peaceful and free, like these birds.

E twinning project 2017  
E twinning project 2017