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Tipping the Scales While challenging imbalances of representation in law and politics, a wave of indigenous women are rising into power within their communities



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VOLUME 16 | ISSUE 22 | JUNE 13-19, 2018





While challenging imbalances of representation in law and politics, a wave of indigenous women are rising into power within their communities

On the cover: Chief Judge Terri Smith












Copperfield Publishing, John Saltas

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With sunny skies and temperatures pushing 80-degrees in Jackson this past week, it is hard to think about snow and cold temperatures. However, had you been here in mid-June 1973, you would have thought summer had come and gone. It snowed 4 inches in town in 24-hours on June 17th to 18th that year. That June also had seen saw an additional inch of snow between June 3rd and 4th, making June of 1973 the snowiest June ever in Jackson.

In early-June 1973, high temperatures had already reached into the mid-80’s. The low temperature on the morning of June 18th that year, the day it was snowing, was only 29-degrees, with an afternoon high of only 46-degrees. That wasn’t the coldest high temp during this week, that record belongs to June 15th, 1998, with a high of only 45-degrees. Our average low temperature this week is 36-degrees. The record low temperature is 21-degrees, from seven years ago, on June 18th, 2011.

HIGHS The average high temperature for this week in the Town of Jackson is 71-degrees. The record high temperature this week is 92-degrees, which was set back on June 15th, 1974. This week also has two other record high temperatures from 1974 that still exist, 89-degrees on June 16th and 90-degrees on June 17th. Remember, that record high came one year after the record cold and snowy mid-June of 1973. What a difference a year can make!



Jim has been forecasting the weather here for more than 20 years. You can find more Jackson Hole Weather information at

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4 | JUNE 13, 2018


The Fight for Equal Rights is Everyone’s Fight Jackson’s first gay dance party could be the beginning of a new era


hen LGBTQ people visit Jackson Hole, they often do not feel welcome. That’s what Vinicius Freitas wrote in an email to Andrew Munz. Freitas was writing to thank Munz, a PJH columnist, for throwing Jackson’s first gay dance party. Freitas, though, did not attend the June 9 sold-out Pride Month celebration at the Pink Garter Theatre. Nor has he ever met Munz. The 26-year-old Brazilian left Jackson in 2012 after a four-month stint on


a J1 visa and has not returned. Still, even with Jackson a continent away, he was surprised and inspired when he learned of the event and felt compelled to share his experience living in Jackson Hole. Ahead of Munz’s party, Freitas wrote, “I had a very difficult time during those four months when it comes to my sexuality. I was all by myself during that winter, with no friends or relatives around.” Subsequently, he concealed who he was “from everybody.”


The experience, however fraught, was also transformative. Freitas returned to Brazil and decided he should do something for people like him—young members of the LGBTQ community. He began hosting small events for LGTBQ people, parties that were inclusive and welcoming, much the opposite of anything Freitas experienced in Jackson. Today, he is head of production and marketing for the largest LGBTQ nightclub chain in Brazil. In the process, the young Brazilian learned about the intricacies of throwing events for LGBTQ people and concluded his message to Munz with some insight. “I guess maybe in this first edition, some people might be shy to go there and celebrate the pride,” Freitas wrote. “I don’t know exactly how the whole town is reacting, but whatever the number of participants the party gets, I can assure you it’s already a conquest—the fact that it happened!” Indeed, the very notion that such an event transpired in Jackson Hole was a feat in itself. After all, the entire state of Wyoming is devoid of gay bars and in Jackson Hole, I have witnessed at least two incidents of homophobia while running this newspaper. Both involved prominent businesses that no longer wanted to distribute Planet Jackson Hole because of this paper’s choice to cover the LGBTQ community. Yes, this was a bold move for Munz who indeed became rattled during the planning stage of the event after a gay couple was stabbed on May 28 outside a Denver nightclub for holding hands. “I’m trying not to let it get to me, but it’s igniting a bit of fear,” Munz wrote to me in a text. Munz’s worries would ultimately dissolve. On Saturday, Jackson residents arrived in droves to support the event. The night’s festivities were not only peaceful and joyous, they also sent ripples of hope through a community of young and old queer people, some who are increasingly refusing to conceal who they are. “I felt free to touch, kiss my boyfriend and not look around at who might be noticing, or having someone say something,” Chad Horton said. The whole

experience, seeing a gay pride flag displayed in a Wyoming bar, the inclusive, loving vibe was “definitely something I’ve never felt before in Jackson Hole.” What many of the more than 450 sequined and sweaty partygoers realized that night is that the gay pride dance party was not really about costumes or dancing or watermelon “mar-gay-ritas” or lip syncing (though I deeply regret showing up after that drag-bedazzled portion of the evening). It was about sending a message to Jackson’s residents and visitors. That message is that our values are not only steeped in conservation and wildlife; our values are anchored in human rights. Now it is up to Jackson’s young and old queer people—but mostly, straight allies—to help usher in a new era for Jackson Hole. Right now there are tangible, easy ways to move the needle. Send emails of support to Jackson Town Council members about the town’s proposed non-discrimination ordinance, which is slated for its first reading in the upcoming days. Attend the annual PFLAG Pride Picnic at Mike Yokel Park on June 23. And if you witness someone enduring harassment for their sexuality (or for any reason), don’t be a bystander. Position yourself near that person or at least pull out your phone and document what you see. When I left the Garter at 1:30 a.m. Saturday, I nearly tripped over my feet at a sight largely foreign to the streets of Jackson: two shirtless young men passionately making out against a downtown storefront. Such a raw, human display of emotion should not be an act of courage. It should merely be another night in Jackson Hole. PJH

Terry Winchell and Claudia Bonnist P.O. Box 3790 . 375 S. Cache Street . Jackson, Wyoming 83001 307-690-2669 or Toll Free 866-690-2669 Fax 307-734-1330 Email: Website:


Per Town of Jackson municipal code: No trespassing on private lands Open alcohol containers are strictly prohibited on Flat Creek. Dogs are prohibited in public parks. No dogs at large. Public urination is prohibited.

Please respect private property at all times. Utilize designated public access locations when accessing Flat Creek. Be considerate of neighbors and environment by limiting noise and disturbance to riparian habitat. Respect wildlife. Glass containers are prohibited. Please dispose of garbage in designated receptacles. Float at your own risk – no safety personnel present. Dangerous and swift flowing cold water, low clearance bridges and shallow water occur in some locations. For additional information and maps of public access points the Town of Jackson or the Parks and Recreation Department: or

JUNE 13, 2018 | 5

• • • • •



Respect our community!



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Pet Space is sponsored by Animal Adoption Center

WE HAVE KITTENS! Kitten season is here and we have kittens for you. There are three, all-grey, male kittens that are still looking for their forever homes. They were born on April 1st and are typical playful and cuddly kittens. They will NOT be at the Animal Adoption Center and will be with a long-term foster. We are requiring anyone who is interested in adopting a kitten to fill out an application before we set up a meet & greet. Please call the AAC at 307.739.1881 to inquire more and schedule a meet & greet.

270 E Broadway, Jackson WY 739-1881


avid Miller has an role in paying a statewide income tax. apocalyptic vision “Again, the solution is for Wyoming—one a state income tax,” Miller that would shackle the state said. “But that’s something even more tightly to mineral I’m not advocating.” industries while threatening In these concluding public lands and excusing remarks, Miller spelled out rich people from paying the commonsense altertaxes. native to his awful vision. Wyoming can thwart For 20 years now, econoMiller’s plan. But it needs mists have recommendJackson’s help. ed Wyoming adopt a state Here’s the deal: Miller is income tax. Doing so would a geologist who works for provide stable funding for mining companies. He’s public services and infraalso a powerful memstructure, end the boomber of the Wyoming State Follow the mountain of money to Teton County. bust cycle, and encourage Legislature. In fact, bareconomic diversification. ring some benevolent turn But if Wyoming gets an of fate, this Riverton state income tax, Teton County representative will likely will pay a big chunk of it. become our next Speaker of No, no—not you, fair the House. reader. I’m talking about the Miller outlined his vision billionaires! for Wyoming at a recent As state revenue streams dry up, why are Let me explain. meeting of the Legislature’s Wyoming’s richest residents absolved from Income taxes tend to be Joint Revenue Committee. progressive, which in ecoThe committee was dispaying their share? nomic terms means that cussing how to confront BY NATE MARTIN | @NathanCMartin the greater your income, the state’s massive budget the higher rate you pay. This shortfall, which is the result natural gas—or lithium and rare earth— protects working people from excessive of downturns in Wyoming’s mining fluctuate in ways we cannot control. taxation and ensures the most fortunate industries. Mining dependence dooms Wyoming to among us cough up their fair share. Wyoming relies on mineral taxes to boom-and-bust cycles, and busts result Thanks to an obscure provision in pay for roughly 70 percent of its public serin budget crises like the one we currently Wyoming’s state constitution, however, vices and infrastructure—schools, roads, face. a Wyoming income tax wouldn’t just be hospitals, etc. When minerals like oil, gas, Miller’s idea that more mining will progressive—it would be ultra progresand coal go into slumps, as they currently make Wyoming prosper also flies in the sive, essentially sparing working- and have, Wyoming has a hard time paying face of an increasingly clear fact: econommiddle-class people from any tax increase for itself. ics in the West are changing. Historically, whatsoever, while mostly targeting the The solution, Miller told the commitWestern public lands have been valued very rich. tee, is “clear as a bell: If you want to diverfor their extractable resources, like minThis constitutional provision says that, sify the tax base, we need a state income erals and timber. But people have begun if Wyoming gets an income tax, residents tax,” he said. to recognize that protecting the land has will automatically receive a credit against But, he continued: “I, for one, do not monetary value, too. the income tax for the sales and property advocate a state income tax. I enjoy the Across the United States, outdoor taxes they already pay. The Legislature mineral industry paying all the [state’s] recreation is emerging as an economcould easily include a credit for renters, bills.” ic powerhouse. Although it already genas well, essentially zeroing out income Instead of tax reform, Miller suggested erates billions in consumer spending in tax bills for anyone without a tremendous that Wyoming should depend even more Wyoming each year and employs 50,000 income. on mining. There are many types of minpeople, the state’s outdoor industry As you’ve likely noticed, there are some erals in the state we aren’t digging up and remains underdeveloped. tremendous incomes in Teton County. taxing, he said, but we should be. What But growing Wyoming’s outdoor Their recipients would pay the lion’s share about lithium? What about rare earth? We industry will be difficult if our public of a Wyoming income tax. should also build nuclear power plants lands become even more patchworked In order to thwart Miller’s vision of and tax their output. And increase wind by oilfields, wind farms, pit mines and mining-madness, we need to repeat his tax. pipelines. own words: “the solution is a state income “And, frankly, there are many, many Folks in Jackson know better than anytax.” other minerals that aren’t being produced where else in the state the value of protectIt’s important for Teton County to out there,” he said. ing public lands—your economy depends embrace this message, since its residents Miller and other mining-obsessed on it. If Wyoming is going to reject Miller’s would be most affected. lawmakers are like mineral anvils around reckless vision and choose another path, If your billionaire neighbors are out Wyoming’s neck. Jackson’s role as a leader in the state’s outof town, feel free to promote it on their No matter what Wyoming mines, door industry will be important. behalf. PJH the prices of commodities like coal and But not as important as Jackson’s

Taxing the Rich, Teton Style

Glider Deaths Rattle and Mystify Pilot was seasoned, skilled and ‘knew how to negotiate all the updrafts and thermals in the canyon’ BY RACHEL ATTIAS |

thermals in the canyon,” he said. During their flight, Ciesinski navigated close to the mountains, performed an acrobatic trick with the glider, and even sang to Hassler, something she was known to do for passengers. “It’s just a loss,” Hassler said. “As skilled a pilot as she is, that something like this would happen, something catastrophic took place. I hope they find out what it is. I’m just saddened.” Samuel Chiba took voice lessons from Ciesinski and recalled her vibrant personality and skills as his voice coach. “My voice lessons weren’t strictly about music or singing technique,” Chiba said. “We talked about life and some of her other hobbies and got to know each other. She would tell me... about how she loved flying glider planes.” Chiba said they “talked about everything” and described her as a “mentor and a friend.” One of the last times Chiba saw Ciesinski was when she took him on a glider tour in July 2016. He noted her

Glider accidents are uncommon in the area, but there has been one other glider accident in the national park, Germann said, which resulted in one fatality. The crash happened on July 1, 2002 and the pilot, David Rhyti, 47, of Mounds View, Minnesota, died when his glider struck 150 feet from the summit of the Grand Teton. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigated the crash and determined the cause to be “the pilot’s failure to maintain adequate clearance from the mountain summit.” Peter Kline, general manager of Teton Aviation, said the NTSB “is conducting an investigation, and we are directly cooperating with them to aid their efforts.” When NTSB investigates an incident, it dispatches anywhere from three to more than a dozen officers to the scene of the accident. They gather data on the aircraft, pilot and any crew members, as well as weather conditions, human performance, and survival factors. It typically takes 12 to 18 months for NTSB officials to issue a report on their findings. Teton Aviation has a clean track record when it comes to aircraft safety. This is the company’s first accident since opening in the 1990s. PJH

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was a Civil Air Patrol captain for Teton Valley. Before she became a pilot, Ciesinski cultivated a career as a world-renowned soprano opera singer and a member of the voice faculty at Florida State University and BYU Idaho. She sang all over the world in Paris, Munich, Tokyo and Mexico City and was known for portraying many of the great operatic heroines, as well as lesser known 20th century masterpieces. Originally from Newark, Delaware, Ciesinski lived and performed in the UK for more than a decade before settling in Victor. Her operatic career spanned more than 40 years. People in Jackson and Teton Valley were shaken by news of the well-loved community member’s death. Jackson resident Mark Hassler enjoyed a scenic glide with Ciesinski as a birthday gift from his wife in 2011. He described her as a skillful, intuitive pilot. “She made me feel comfortable. She knew how to negotiate all the updrafts and


Answers Hinge on Investigation


Ciesinski was a seasoned pilot with more than 30 years of experience flying gliders. She also had experience flying commercial single-engine planes, search and rescue missions, towed gliders and

Kristine Ciesinski died while piloting a glider in Grand Teton. The pilot and opera singer is seen here posing with her former voice student Samuel Chiba.

ability to masterfully maneuver the glider. “It was amazing to see this other side of her that she was so passionate about,” he said. “And when we were up in the air, it made sense why she loved it so much. She knew how to ride the air currents that made the plane soar higher without the aid of a motor. Like she actually knew how to fly. Not many people know how to ride air currents like she did.” Other former students, Gina Sidlow and Kyle Jensen, spoke of Ciesinski’s tenacity and kindness. There was “no one on this earth like her,” Sidlow said. “She was a force, a powerhouse of encouragement and motivation. She believed in me and my abilities, even on the days when I didn’t believe in myself.” Ciesinski was equally passionate about singing and flying. She made that evident on her personal website and Facebook page. “I aspire to be that inner being of strength and character,” she wrote, “uplifting and partnering with those in my life (singing students, friends, family,those I fly with) as we all dive in and swim to a safer, more beautiful shore together.” Ciesinski is survived by her sister, Katherine Ciesinski—also an opera singer—and her husband of more than 30 years, Norman Bailey, a world-renowned operatic bass-baritone, as well as their two dogs, Rocky and Chi-Chi.


The Opera Singing Pilot



glider crash in Grand Teton National Park on June 9 resulted in two fatalities. Kristine Ciesinski, 65, of Victor, Idaho, and David Ross, 65, of Salt Lake City, died when the scenic glider Ciesinski was piloting crashed into the mountains of the national park. Ciesinski was an experienced pilot flying for Teton Aviation in Driggs, Idaho, and Ross was her passenger. Teton Interagency Dispatch received a call after the two departed Driggs on Saturday morning and had not returned by noon. Teton County Search and Rescue and national park officials initiated a search south of the park, where they believed the glider crashed. Their course changed when the search party was “able to ping the cellphones of the two passengers in the glider,” said Billy Kirk, public information specialist for Teton County. The ping revealed the cellphones to be inside the national park. “The location was very accurate,” Kirk said. Teton Aviation flew Search and Rescue officials in a helicopter to confirm the location of the wreckage, at which point the rescue operation was handed off to national park rangers. Park rangers then flew to the site and confirmed the wreckage and the two deceased individuals. The glider crashed just above Icefloe Lake, between the Middle and South Tetons at about 10,800 feet. Denise Germann, spokesperson for Grand Teton National Park, said Icefloe Lake is “one of the highest elevation lakes in the area,” and described the surrounding terrain as steep and rocky. It is on the west side of the mountains in Wyoming and faces Idaho, where the glider departed from. Park rangers recovered the bodies in a long-line aerial operation, and nextof-kin notification ensued. Germann was unable to comment on potential causes of the accident, as it is still under investigation. Gliders are a special class of aircraft that do not use an engine, and are instead towed by a tow plane and released into air currents. Their especially long wings catch the wind and allow them to glide for long distances. Teton Aviation’s glider tours last about an hour, with the first 30 minutes behind a tow plane, and another 30 to 40 minutes gliding back to the airport in Driggs.




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s the valley’s population has grown, overcrowding has increasingly plagued Jackson Hole schools. Some of that pressure will be alleviated with the opening of the dual-immersion Munger Mountain Elementary School this fall. However, there is no relief in sight for Jackson Hole Middle School. While staff, administration and the school board work toward a solution, middle school students are struggling. In a letter to the editor in Planet Jackson Hole’s May 30 issue, seventh grader Clare Eddy articulated some of those problems, particularly around gender-based bullying and taunting. While describing how it feels to walk the middle school hallways, Eddy wrote that classmates “scream things that should cause alarm. They say things such as ‘You bully!’ when somebody barely nudges them, or ‘Wow, so and so is such a whore.’ Or even when someone is being tickled: ‘RAPE!’” Some of the problems Eddy reported may be related to the school’s overcrowding, said Charlotte Reynolds, information officer for Teton County School District No. 1. According to Reynolds, 523 students attended the middle school a decade ago. This year, there are 675 students, a nearly 30 percent increase since 2008. Next year, the district projects 739 students will attend JHMS. While the high school is not yet overcrowded, it will start to feel the effects of the ever-growing community. This year’s incoming freshman class is larger than the outgoing senior class by 36 students.

No More Space The middle school facilities are not equipped for its current student body. There are modular classrooms set up outside, and extra lockers built in the hallways. But now, there’s no more space. “We’ve utilized all spaces in the school to the maximum,” Reynolds said. Recently, staff presented possible solutions to the board. One proposal suggested building another middle school in Teton Village. The school—at a $15 million price tag—would not only address overcrowding, but also fill a unique Jackson need. Staff and administrators looked at other ski towns across the country to envision a school that would mostly be attended by students involved in winter sports or who are interested in pursuing careers in the ski or resort industry, Reynolds said. However, these ideas are still very new. There is a not a timeline for the project yet or details on student eligibility. “A lot of


Some students say it goes beyond overcrowding, however.

Overcrowded Middle School Deepens Adolescent Issues Gender-based bullying and taunting are amplified in JHMS’s high-trafficked hallways BY SARAH ROSS

this hinges on identifying the best solution for our district and then funding it. We’ll have to go back to the state and try to figure out state-funding and then other funding options,” Reynolds said. One demonstrable impact of overcrowding is that teachers are teaching more classes—five out of seven periods when they used to teach four out of six. This contributes to the problems Eddy has reported, as teachers have less capacity to supervise outside of class. “It just needs to be a more controlled environment,” Eddy told PJH. Eddy’s experience in overcrowded, chaotic hallways was echoed by seventh grader Emma Dillon. Dillon frequently hears boys calling girls sluts and whores, and “that’s so gay” and “you’re a pussy” are common insults. These are things she wishes she could stop, but “nobody stands up, not even me, because I’m scared they’ll make fun of me even more so. I don’t want to get in trouble with other students.” Staff and administrators are aware of some of these issues, Reynolds said. The school works closely with the Community Safety Network and Curran Seeley to provide programming around healthy relationships and substance abuse prevention. They have worked on anti-bullying campaigns, and are creating a restorative justice program to bring together affected students so the harm can be addressed, Reynolds said. Sexual assault prevention expert Jeff

Bucholtz recently spoke to the entire middle school about creating healthy relationships and communities, and avoiding exactly the kind of language described by Eddy and Dillon, including gender-based slurs. In an email, Principal Matt Hoelscher pointed out that “there is a comprehensive curriculum at the middle school that addresses age-appropriate issues” of sexual and relationship health. But the programming is not sufficient, Dillon said. For example, she has not heard about any anti-bullying initiatives. In addition, she and her friends were energized by Bucholtz’s presentation, but weeks later, she still hears the same sexist comments in the hallways. And while she has attended sex-ed classes, she said she wishes there was more of a focus on consent, respect and gender equality. As it is, she does not remember hearing about consent in either sixth or seventh grade classes, but only about the risk factors and biology of sex.

Who Gets ‘Dress-Coded’? Both Eddy and Dillon identified the school dress code as a problem that contributes to bullying and sexism. The dress code describes nothing about gender or certain types of clothing, it merely disallows clothing that is “immodest” or “disruptive or distracting to school operation.” However, both young women agreed that in practice, it seems that girls are most often “dress

-coded.” In addition, one way to make fun of a female student is to tell her she will be dress-coded for her outfit. “Girls get dress-coded if their shorts are too short or if you can see too much of their stomach or arms,” Dillon said. Her female friend was recently dress-coded for wearing a muscle tee. That same day, Dillon saw a boy wearing a muscle tee and asked if he’d gotten in trouble. He hadn’t. Dress code violations go on PowerSchool, an online platform that students and parents use to check grades, attendance, fines and any disciplinary issues. If multiple violations occur, students can’t participate in certain school activities. Reynolds said that in fact there were very few dress code violations documented at JHMS this year, and both girls and boys have been referred to the principal or assistant principal. The majority of the violations have been related to graphics on clothing and bare midriffs, she said.

Consequential Behavior

Dillon is passionate about ending gender violence. She recently gave a presentation about sexual violence at the library, for which she won a spot in the middle school’s “Combat the Silence” competition. She and her partner also gave the presentation to her entire class during an assembly. Issues such as gender-based bullying and unequal enforcement of the dress code could contribute to sexual violence down the road, she said. “A lot of the times girls are pretty ashamed of being dress-coded. If you get dress-coded, you feel like it’s your fault, like you’re a distraction. Later in life, it could teach boys that it’s your fault if something happens to you because of how you were dressed,” she said. Part of what helps students stand up against bullying or sexism is seeing teachers do it, Dillon said. She wishes there were more examples of that. Now, for instance, teachers might respond to “you’re a pussy” with “don’t use that language.” She wishes there was more conversation about how such language is hurtful to women. However, Dillon said there are also many students and teachers who are working to make change. She identified Kelly Kaiser, Michelle Rooks, and Lily Shipley as teachers who model how to stand up against bullying and sexism. Although overcrowding is contributing to the problems Eddy and Dillon describe, it is not the only cause. Building a new middle school will not automatically fix everything, Dillon said. Instead, cultural shifts must happen too. PJH


ven though Terri Smith spent the bulk of her teens and early 20s away from her home on the Wind River Reservation, she knew she would return. Now chief judge for the Wind River Tribal Court , the Northern Arapaho woman said

By Sarah Arnoff Yeoman


Local Shifts The influx of Native women entering the

JUNE 13, 2018 | 9

While challenging imbalances of representation in law and politics, a wave of indigenous women are rising into power within their communities


Tipping the Scales


Chief Judge Terri Smith

she made it a priority to connect with her relatives and culture while living in Salt Lake City and attending law school at the University of Utah. During that time, she returned to Wyoming every summer to be with her family, especially her grandmother. “She always told me, ‘Don’t forget who you are and where you come from,’” Smith said. “So it was always my goal to get educated and come home.” For Smith, the journey has not been easy. Six weeks before she graduated with her bachelor’s, her boyfriend, also Native, died. And once she started law school, death seemed to follow her everywhere. Her aunt died a few months after classes began. Months later, her only brother died. Then a cousin. Then another cousin. “For three years straight, every four months, a close family member died—people who were extremely close to me—and I almost quit,” Smith said. “Just to get where I am, I know a lot of people would have given up … but it just gave me more reason that I had to finish, for these people that passed, to make them proud.” Smith is among a wave of Native American women stepping into careers in law and politics to represent their communities on a larger scale. Some are motivated to change outdated and stereotypical portrayals of Native people. Others, meanwhile, want better resources for their communities, areas burdened by poverty and substance abuse. This year at least 40 Native women are running for office, including Deb Haaland, an enrolled member of the Laguna Pueblo. She won the Democratic nomination for New Mexico’s 1st Congressional District on June 5. If elected, Haaland will be the first Native congresswoman in U.S. history.



10 | JUNE 13, 2018

Deb Haaland

gaps that have been absent from that kind of exposure as a child.” Ellis said her motivation to study political science at the University of Wyoming and eventually run for office stemmed from an urge to accurately represent Native communities, ways of life and sovereign governing systems. “I think there are some grey spots about how tribes are utilizing the very Western principles of due process and how they run the courts by incorporating very traditional elements of restorative

professional world isn’t limited to high-profile political races. Many more, like Smith, are taking up leadership justice,” she said. positions within their communities. In many tribes, men Ellis is part of the Indian Law & Order Commission, traditionally hold more visible leadership roles, but there a federal commission partnering with the University of is often a matriarchal structure on the family level. Men California Los Angeles’s American Indian Studies Center might be the ones in charge of ceremonies and public to gather in-depth data about crime and safety in Indian gatherings, but women make sure their families and Country. It gives recommendations on how to make relatives are taken care of on a daily basis. Indian Country safer, and was formed under a mandate During Smith’s childhood, “it was always the women in the Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA) of 2010. who were in charge and making sure things were getting That law aims to give more authority to tribal courts done.” and clarify the confusing jurisdictional maze involving Tackling issues that affect Native women’s communi- reservation crimes. ties could lead to resolving problems that directly affect For example, outside of reservations, jurisdiction them, too. is determined by municipal, county or state boundMany reservations have high rates of crime, addiction aries. In Indian Country, though, jurisdiction hinges and poverty, and Native women typically face higher on the severity of the crime. Tribes might fund and rates of violence and sexual assault staff their own police departments, but their than other women. A study funded authority is limited to misdemeanors and tribal by the National Institute of Justice It was always ordinances. found that more than 84 percent The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) provides the women of Native women have experienced a police force for tribes that don’t maintain acts of violence in their lifetimes. who were in their own, and certain states allow municipal Native American women in and county law enforcement to police reservacharge and tions. Felonies committed on reservations are Wyoming are affected at higher rates as well. According to a 2008 by either the BIA or FBI, and tribes making sure investigated National Criminal Justice Resource have no legal authority to prosecute non-Native Service report, the homicide rate things were offenders. for Native American women in “Every time a non-Native commits a crime getting done. against Fremont County (home of the Wind a Native person, the federal government River Reservation) was roughy 20 has restrictions,” Ellis said. Misconceptions percent higher than the national and stereotypes about tribal governments and homicide rate, and almost quadruple the state rate. courts perpetuate the idea that Native Americans don’t Homicide rates in general have fallen since then, but have effective criminal justice systems, she added. there is no data specifying if that decrease has affected Ellis said there is still a lot of work to be done to Native women. smooth out the relationships between federal and state governments and tribes. But TLOA “was a very positive step forward.” It recognized that many tribal governFilling in the Gaps Wyoming State Sen. Affie Ellis–R, Cheyenne, grew up ment and court systems have sophisticated judicial proin similar circumstances to those of Smith’s, with both cesses and that tribes are capable of handling those kind her Navajo parents leaving their homes and raising their of cases, she said. After Smith completed her schooling and returned children in Jackson. “My story isn’t terribly uncommon,” Ellis said. “As to Wind River, she was hired at a firm that’s been reprepart of that generation that didn’t have the opportunity senting the Northern Arapaho for more than 25 years. to grow up on the reservation, certainly a good part of She practiced there for five years before being appointed my life has been trying to understand and fill in some judge for the Northern Arapaho tribe.

“I felt like I was doing exactly what I wanted to do,” she said. She met Eastern Shoshone business councilman Leslie Shakespeare, who is now her partner. Shakespeare was formerly a BIA officer and lost his sister to domestic violence. He said his experiences in law enforcement and the judicial system have pushed him to introduce policies that will make a difference for tribal members. “As a law enforcement officer, you’d like to arrest your way out of the problem but that never works in the longterm,” he said.

Inside the Intricacies of Native Courts

Wind River is in a unique position since it is shared by both the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho, each with their own business councils and government operations. “There are two completely different tribes, two different languages, two different enrollments, but we got put on the same land and we shared,” Smith said. The two business councils come together as a joint council to discuss matters affecting the reservation as a whole and since 1987 have had a joint court system. But in 2015, a rift formed between councils and the joint court was dissolved. The Eastern Shoshone tribe asked the BIA to set up a Code of Federal Regulations court while the Northern Arapaho formed their own tribal court. This made prosecuting crimes even more difficult. Shakespeare said the splintered judicial system added another layer of jurisdictional nightmare “other than what already exists.” The offender’s tribe determined where they would go to court, but since many families on the reservation have blended heritage, sometimes people didn’t know where to go. Smith was appointed as a judge for the Northern Arapaho court during the split. “It was such a volatile time,” she said. “It was very confusing … even the police were confused.” A shift happened in November 2017, when the councils came together under a new memorandum reforming the joint court, now called the Wind River Intertribal Court. Smith was appointed chief judge of the new court which opened in January. “Now we’re back in business with both tribes,” she said. “We’re all intermarried or all interrelated some way or another, and now our court system reflects that and we serve everyone on the reservation.” One of the new court’s main goals is to implement the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). When reauthorized in 2013, it gave federally recognized tribes a historic power they’d never had before: to prosecute non-Native perpetrators in domestic violence cases. The 1974 case Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe ruled that tribes cannot prosecute non-Natives, even if the crime was committed against a Native victim on Native land. This is particularly relevant for reservations like Wind River that have towns close to their borders where non-Native offenders can elude authorities. “What we have is this influx of non-Natives who often live on the reservation or have relationships with individuals who are part of the tribes,” Shakespeare said. “And just like any other area, they are susceptible to domestic violence and things of that nature.” The inability to prosecute non-Native offenders, he


JUNE 13, 2018 | 11

It’s Smith’s hope to prevent Wind River community members from ending up in the judicial system in the first place. To do that, she said, targeting the youth is the best way to set them up for success. Anti-drug and alcohol campaigns Smith saw in high school stuck with her. “I think our only hope is getting to the youth,” she said. “Just talking with them about it … I think a lot of kids see


Maternal Perspective

personally in their own lives how it’s affecting them.” Smith is raising her 3-year-old son on Wind River. She wants to put him in the language immersion school and pass down cultural traditions. This is what “makes them feel a part of this bigger circle, that it’s not just themselves and their family, we’re a part of this community,” she said. “It’s our responsibility. Our ancestors sacrificed so much for us to be here.” Kids who grow up with this understanding have more “confidence in themselves and have bigger expectations of themselves.” Wind River Intertribal Court clerk Tonya Dewey is a single mother also raising her son on the reservation. “It’s difficult for any child growing up on a reservation,” she said. Dewey pointed to high substance abuse rates and the fact that many tribal youth see a lot of deaths of friends and family members starting from a young age. Still, she has remained optimistic in the face of adversity. Affie Ellis When she had her son, Dewey had to temporarily drop out of college. of view because we are moms. But we can also be leaders She was able to re-enroll, obtaining an associate’s degree in criminal justice and is now com- and show other Native American women that we can pleting her bachelor’s while working full-time as a clerk. lead as well, along with men.” Meanwhile, Smith, at 32, sees the many challenges of She was one of many the court took on during its VAWA being in a profession that has largely been dominated by hiring spree. “I was so excited when I saw the court was hiring,” she men. “I am younger than most people in this position, said. “I did not want to miss this opportunity because the so I feel like I am looked at as a little less just because of whole basis of my schooling … I just dedicated the last 10 my age and because I am female,” she said. “So I have to work a little harder to prove that I can do these things.” years of my life to studying criminal justice.” She encourages any young woman considLaw school is the next step for ering a path similar to hers to keep moving Dewey, but she’s concerned about forward no matter what happens. “Just don’t balancing her education with raising her son. “Just the thought of it I have to make give up. I know we deal with a lot of trauma ... just want Native girls to know that they’re not makes me nervous, being a single this a safer Ialone,” she said. “I know things get really, really parent,” she said. Other Native women she’s met place not only bad in your personal lives and family lives. Just don’t give up because it’s so worth it in the end.” in similar situations are inspirfor my son With a historic number of Native women ing. At her previous job, she had a running for office, Ellis believes that getting colleague who was a former Sioux but for all more women in positions of power has been attorney general and had two children while attending law school. “I residents of the a long time coming. “I think there is certainly momentum and an interest among Native thought if this other Native woman reservation. awomen to be involved,” she said. “I think this could have two kids in law school, maybe I’d be OK with myself and I want to give issue has been growing for quite some time and rightfully so … I feel very fortunate that I’m able my child.” back to my to use my skills to make a positive difference.” Dewey grew up in a traditionFor Smith, that positive difference is buildal Northern Arapaho household people, like my ing the Wind River Intertribal Court into a where men typically had larger grandma told respected judicial system that holds people leadership responsibilities. But, accountable, and one that also is a hub of comme to. she said, women know how to run munity support. She is committed to creating things behind the scenes and are “a court system that serves our people well.” familiar with how to get things “I have to make this a safer place not only for my son done. “It’s good to see Native American women advance but for all residents of the reservation,” she said. “I want and step up and take on these leadership roles,” she said. “Most of us are mothers and we take on a different point to give back to my people, like my grandma told me to.” PJH


said, forms inconsistencies in how issues get resolved, especially if the crime doesn’t involve a serious injury or a felony to get it pushed up the ladder to the feds. “You’re at that level where if there’s a non-Native doing this crime on the reservation against a Native victim, often times it creates a gap of well, ‘who’s going to prosecute it?’” he said. “And then you have multiple jurisdictions having to do multiple investigations, and often times that’s not coordinated as well as it should be.” With the new VAWA privileges comes more regulation and clerical work. The law requires tribes to provide counsel to defendants, both Native and non-Native, in the form of an attorney public defender. There must also be an attorney prosecutor for all VAWA cases and an attorney judge. During the hiring process for chief judge, the Business Council received applications all from Native women, including Smith. Smith is the only law-trained judge on the Wind River bench and so must preside over all domestic violence cases on the reservation. She hasn’t yet handled a case involving a non-Native defendant. But when that does happen, Shakespeare said they will be prepared. Wind River, after all, is one of very few tribal communities to implement VAWA and its border proximity to towns makes it likely that a case will arise. With her education, Smith feels a responsibility to serve her community and hold people accountable for their actions. “We always have had issues with domestic violence,” she said. It is an issue many tribes are dealing with inside their own communities and from outsiders. More than half of Native women will experience violence from a partner or spouse in their lifetime, according to a 2010 study by the National Institute of Justice. Today about 57 percent of rape and sexual assault offenders against Native women are non-Native, and 71 percent are intimate partners or other known acquaintances, according to a 2016 report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Smith said Wind River gets a bad rap because of its high crime rates, even more so since the area was thrust into the spotlight with the release of last year’s thriller Wind River, in which a U.S. Fish & Wildlife tracker teams up with an FBI agent to solve the murder of an Arapaho woman found on the reservation. But, Smith said, the reservation’s realities are far from the horror headlines the media portrays. She said that public intoxication, disorderly conduct and driving under the influence are the most common offenses, and that the reservation has problems with alcohol. “When we first opened in January, we were seeing like five DUIs a week,” Smith said. Since she became chief judge, the most serious cases she’s seen involved a vehicular homicide and a shooting, both of which were alcohol related. “Some of the stuff that got told in the media did happen. But I dont think it’s something that happens every month.” Still, “it does happen.”



12 | JUNE 13, 2018

THIS WEEK: June 13-19, 2018


n Wednesday LADIES DAY 9 a.m. Huntsman Springs, n Baby Time (Cancelled) Youth Auditorium 10:05 a.m. Teton County Library, n PUBLIC HISTORIC PRESERVATION WALKING TOURS 10:30 a.m. Jackson Hole Historical Society and Museum, n Summer Reading Class, Victor 1 p.m. Valley of the Tetons Library, n Vertical Harvest Tours 1 p.m. Vertical Harvest, Free, n Raptor Encounters 2 p.m. Teton Raptor Center, $15.00 - $18.00, n Historic Ranch Tour 2:30 p.m. Murie Ranch of Teton Science Schools, Free, n Slow Food in the TetonsSummer People’s Market 4 p.m. Base of Snow King Mountain, Free, n Design Review Committee Meeting 5 p.m. n The HOF BAND plays POLKA! 6 p.m. The Alpenhof Lodge, Free, 307 733 3242 n Jackson Hole Shootout 6 p.m. Jackson Town Square, Free, n Monkey Wrench Gang 7:30 p.m. Silver Dollar Showroom, Free, 307-732-3939 n Ballad of Cat Ballou 8 p.m. Jackson Hole Playhouse, $26.75 - $82.25, n Jackson Hole Rodeo 8 p.m. Teton County Fairgrounds, $15.00 - $35.00,

THURSDAY, JUNE 14 n Grand Teton Community Trails Day 9 a.m. Grand Teton National Park, Free, (307) 739-3379 n PUBLIC HISTORIC PRESERVATION WALKING TOURS 10:30 a.m. Jackson Hole Historical Society and Museum, n START Bus Advisory Board Meeting 11:30 a.m. n Baby Time 12 p.m. Alta Branch Library, n STEAM camp, Driggs 1 p.m. Valley of the Tetons Library,


n Raptor Encounters 2 p.m. Teton Raptor Center, $15.00 - $18.00, n Historic Ranch Tour 2:30 p.m. Murie Ranch of Teton Science Schools, Free, n Theater Thursday, Victor 3:30 p.m. Valley of the Tetons Library, n Parks & Recreation Advisory Board Meeting 5 p.m. n Open Build 5:30 p.m. Valley of the Tetons Library, n Jackson Hole Shootout 6 p.m. Jackson Town Square, Free, n An Evening of Cabaret with Nicole Madison and Pam Phillips 7 p.m. The Granary at Spring Creek, Free, 307-690-6190 n Ashley Wineland 7:30 p.m. Silver Dollar Showroom, Free, 307-732-3939 n Ballad of Cat Ballou 8 p.m. Jackson Hole Playhouse, $26.75 - $82.25, n An Evening of Cabaret with Nicole Madison and Pam Phillips 9 p.m. The Granary at Spring Creek, Free, 307-690-6190


n Friday Yoga Levels 1 & 2 at The Wellness Center 9 a.m. Huntsman Springs, n Alta Storytime 10 a.m. Alta Branch Library, n STEAM camp, Driggs 10 a.m. Valley of the Tetons Library, n Summer Opening Day 10 a.m. n Free Food Friday 10:30 a.m. Jackson Cupboard, Free, 3076992163 n All Ages Story Time Driggs 11:15 a.m. Valley of the Tetons Library, n Vertical Harvest Tours 1 p.m. Vertical Harvest, Free, n Raptor Encounters 2 p.m. Teton Raptor Center, $15.00 - $18.00, n Historic Ranch Tour 2:30 p.m. Murie Ranch of Teton Science Schools, Free, n Game Night 4 p.m. Valley of the Tetons Library, n Friday Night Bikes Blowout 5 p.m. Teton Village,

n CHANMAN - SOLO 5:30 p.m. Springfield Suites by Marriot, Free, 307 201 5320 n Contemporary Dance Wyoming “Stealing Inward” 6 p.m. Dancers’ Workshop, $10.00 - $35.00, 307-733-6398 n Jackson Hole Shootout 6 p.m. Jackson Town Square, Free, n Swing At The King 6 p.m. Snow King Hotel, Free, n Free Community Concert: Prismatic Winds 7 p.m. Walk Festival Hall, Free, n Pint and a Half 7:30 p.m. Silver Dollar Showroom, Free, 307-732-3939 n Country Western Swing 7:30 p.m. Dancers’ Workshop, $25.00 - $90.00, 307-733-6398 n Contemporary Dance Wyoming “Stealing Inward” 8 p.m. Dancers’ Workshop, $10.00 - $35.00, 307-733-6398 n Ballad of Cat Ballou 8 p.m. Jackson Hole Playhouse, $26.75 - $82.25, n FREE Friday Night Public Stargazing 9 p.m. Center for the Arts, n Farmers Market n 3-Day PMBI Professional Mountain Bike Instructor Level 1 Course n 1st Annual Teton Valley Vanlife Gathering Teton Valley Vanlife Gathering, $0.00,

SATURDAY, JUNE 16 n 2018 TETON VALLEY VANLIFE GATHERING, VICTOR, ID 9 a.m. Linn Canyon Ranch, $35.00, n PASSHOLDER APPRECIATION DAY 9 a.m. Teton Village, n Plein Air Fest, Etc. 10 a.m. National Museum of Wildlife Art, Free, 3077325437 n TETON ROCK GYMWEEKEND OPEN GYM 1 p.m. n Vertical Harvest Tours 1 p.m. Vertical Harvest, Free, n Raptor Encounters 2 p.m. Teton Raptor Center, $15.00 - $18.00, n Contemporary Dance Wyoming “Stealing Inward” 6 p.m. Dancers’ Workshop, $10.00 - $35.00, 307-733-6398

Uber for Nietzsche?! Jason Ruff’s ‘Uber Mensch’ plays June 20-23 as part of Riot Act Inc.’s Annual Series of Short Plays.

Short, Sweet and Pithy Riot Act debuts trio of short plays with new actors behind and on the stage @Kelsey_Dayton

come to life and consider it next year. Rita Barkey, a writer from Missoula, Montana, wrote one of the three plays. Feather and Bone is about a woman who runs a raptor rehabilitation center and a land developer who tries to bully her into selling. “It’s a tale about families, the love of wildlife and conservation for the land,” Barkey said. Barkey has been writing plays for years. Short plays, like Feather and Bone, present unique challenges. The writer must plunge the audience right into the story. There isn’t room for the tangential threads included in longer productions. It can be a challenge to write, but also great for an audience wanting a sampler of stories, Mott said. The third play, Last. Only. Best., by Anne Marie Wells and Angel May Wise is about a grandmother that imparts to her granddaughter the tough parts that made her relationship to her husband stronger. “It’s a good mix of shows,” Mott said. “All the plays are really smart, well-written and will have you think about your own life.” The show features some mature content so parental guidance is recommended. PJH Riot Act Inc.’s Annual Series of Short Plays, 7:30 p.m. June 20 to 23 at Dancers’ Workshop Studio No. 1, $15; $12 students and seniors. Buy tickets at the door or

Visit out our website website Visit The public meeting agendas and minutes for the Board of County Commissioners and Planning Commission can also be found in the Public Notices section of the JH News and Guide.


JUNE 13, 2018 | 13

Five years ago, the theatre company decided to host a playwriting contest as part of its 10th anniversary to cultivate new work and support local playwrights. The New Play Festival is in its fifth year. Riot Act opened the contest this year to regional writers and solicited judges from Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and Idaho. They received seven original submissions and three were selected for production. The first-place winner will receive $100 and the Marius P. Hanford IV Award. Second and third place finalists will each take home $50. Even with the contest and emphasis on original work, the shorts are a great way for people to try out theatre, whether acting, directing or writing. Several actors in the shows are performing or directing with Riot Act for the first time. Ruff, a novice playwright, was inspired by Riot Act to create his piece. Last summer he taught a writing course where crafting a one-act play worked with the timeframe. Ruff wrote one along with his students. They critiqued each other and navigated the challenges of creating believable dialogue. The class was inspired by the short play festival, which Ruff encouraged his students to enter. “A critical part of being a writer is a part that we usually forget and that is you’re supposed to put your words out there into the world for people to read,” he said. While none of his students entered this year, he hopes they see his play



he side hustle is an inevitable reality among valley dwellers. For Jason Ruff, it means that by day he is a high school English teacher at Teton High School in Driggs, Idaho. On the side, he drives for Uber. “I have been in the Uber with some very interesting types,” he said. He used those experiences to write his first play. Uber Mensch centers on an Uber driver who over the course of an evening meets some “extreme personalities and interesting challenges,” Ruff said. People will have a chance to see it brought to life June 20 to 23 as part of Riot Act Inc.’s Annual Series of Short Plays. Ruff’s show stars Karissa Dabel, Lacey Lukas, Jack Sieber, Danny Suarez, Deborah Supowit and Michael Yin. Riot Act founder Macey Mott is the director. It is one of three plays of the evening. Riot Act launched an annual production of short plays in 2004. Originally the theater company determined which plays to produce. Some were published and known short plays, but others were original work residents hoped Riot Act would bring to life, Mott said. Short plays offered the audience a chance to see a variety of stories and styles of theatre in one evening. It also opened theatrical doors for people in the community who wanted to get involved in theatre but didn’t have much time or a way to participate, Mott said.








14 | JUNE 13, 2018



n 2018 TETON VALLEY VANLIFE GATHERING, VICTOR, ID 9 a.m. Linn Canyon Ranch, $35.00, n Chanman - SOLO Father’s Day Brunch 10 a.m. Lotus Organic Restaurant and Bakery, Free, 307 734 0882 n TETON ROCK GYM- WEEKEND OPEN GYM 1 p.m. n RaptorFest 3 p.m. Snow King Ball Field, $5.00, 307-203-2551 n JH SPORTS CHAINLESS BIKE SERIES 3 p.m. The Bike Park, Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, n FATHER’S DAY CELEBRATION 6 p.m. Westbank Grill, n JacksonHoleLive: Glen David Andrews with Benyaro 6 p.m. Snow King Ball Park, $5.00,


n Monday Pilates Class at The Wellness Center 8:30 a.m. Huntsman Springs, (847) 354-7722 n Summer Camp Session 1 9 a.m. n Pre-School Summer Camp, June 9 a.m. Teton Arts Center, n Historic Ranch Tour 2:30 p.m. Murie Ranch of Teton Science Schools, Free, n Maker 3 p.m. Valley of the Tetons Library, n Town Council Workshop 3 p.m. n Movie Monday-Driggs 3:30 p.m. Valley of the Tetons Library, n Town Council Evening Meeting 6 p.m. n Hula Hoop with Dawn Webster 6 p.m. Dancers’ Workshop, $55.00, 307-7336398 n Jackson Hole Shootout 6 p.m. Jackson Town Square, Free, n Ballad of Cat Ballou 8 p.m. Jackson Hole Playhouse, $26.75 - $82.25,


n Jackson Hole Shootout 6 p.m. Jackson Town Square, Free, n ROLLER DERBY!! 6 p.m. Snow King Sports & Event Center, $5.00 $10.00, 307-413-4790 n Pint and a Half 7:30 p.m. Silver Dollar Showroom, Free, 307732-3939 n Iron Fly 7:30 p.m. Big Hole BBQ, Free, 3076905099 n Contemporary Dance Wyoming “Stealing Inward” 8 p.m. Dancers’ Workshop, $10.00 - $35.00, 307-733-6398 n Ballad of Cat Ballou 8 p.m. Jackson Hole Playhouse, $26.75 - $82.25, n Jackson Hole Rodeo 8 p.m. Teton County Fairgrounds, $15.00 $35.00, n Opening Day at The Watering Hole Huntsman Springs,

Straight, Not Narrow Outspoken heterosexual allies can change the future of LGBTQ individuals BY ANDREW MUNZ |


ackson’s first LGBTQ Pride Month dance party has come and gone and it sent a message to a once closeted community. On Saturday, the party sold out the Pink Garter and more than 450 people demonstrated that there is indeed a strong LGBTQ presence here in Jackson Hole, as well as many allies. The historic scene included shirtless men publicly making out, home-grown drag queens prancing on the stage and colorful cocktails with names like Brokeback Manhattan and Gay on the Beach. It’s no secret that Wyoming is not a destination that LGBTQ folks point to on the map with great desire. As many of us know, the idea of being the “Equality State” is often synonymous with jokes about the discrimination that Wyoming’s women, Latinos, gays, (insert non-WASP group here) often experience in the state. However, progress for the LGBTQ community is happening in Wyoming. In January, the Northern Arapaho tribe updated its non-discrimination policy to include gender identity in its protections. Jackson Town Council, meanwhile, is on course to pass a non-discrimination ordinance, following in the footsteps of Laramie. Its first reading will hopefully appear on the agenda of the council’s June 18 meeting. In my journey organizing this party, I have had a few straight friends ask me what more they can do to be better allies to Jackson’s LGBTQ community. Here are just a few ways.

1. Understand the importance of Pride For complete event details visit

June is officially recognized in America as LGBT Pride Month. Like


many civil rights movement, the origins of the gay rights movement began with a riot. On June 28, 1969, NYC police raided the beloved gay bar, the Stonewall Inn, claiming the club was serving liquor without a liquor license. A number of people were thrown into paddy wagons, causing violent protests against law enforcement to break out. It was the LGBTQ community’s first publicly coordinated effort to fight back against intolerance. Today, Pride has become an amalgamation of celebration, remembrance and protest.



insensitive phrasing like “fag”, “dyke” or saying something is “so gay” when you mean it’s uninteresting or problematic creates an atmosphere of unacceptance. Be mindful of your language and create open dialogues within your household and friend circle. If you think your child or relative or friend might be LGBTQ, understand that a person’s coming out should always be on their terms, not yours. The best thing you can do is roll out a carpet of acceptance by being aware of the community.

about 4. Help amplify unheard voices

The acronym changes depending on its use, but generally LGBTQ or LGBTQ+ is used (the plus sign indicating that the acronym doesn’t end at Q). Officially, LGBTQQIP2SAA stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Questioning, Intersex, Pansexual, 2-Spirited, Asexual, and Allies. I don’t know anyone within the community that expects you to rattle off the full acronym in normal conversation, but it’s important to recognize that the LGBTQ community is all-inclusive and accepting, that no matter who you are or how you identify, there will always be a place for you with us. Understand the difference between each identification and be mindful and curious when you meet others. Straight is not the default.

3. Create safe environments for your friends and family Coming out as a member of the LGBTQ community is a daunting affair, made more difficult in conservative environments like Wyoming. Using

Being white, wealthy and straight in America has always had its privileges. If you have the means, throw your dollars towards efforts that raise the visibility of LGBTQ people or encourage their acceptance. If you part of a local organization that can help highlight LGBTQ individuals through art, I encourage you to do so. My hope, following Saturday’s party, is that we can continue throwing similar events that help usher in a new era of acceptance and love in Jackson Hole and beyond. In doing so, we can create a safe, welcoming environment for young LGBTQ people in the community, people who may feel, as I once did, shy about being who they truly are. Ultimately, I want to see my hometown be ahead of the curve, when it comes to LGBTQ acceptance in traditionally red states. But LGBTQ folks cannot accomplish this on their own. Straight allies are crucial in paving the way for new initiatives that can change the course of Wyoming’s legacy. PJH



Caricatures of beauty take center stage during ‘Stealing Inward.’

Dancers’ Workshop show traverses clearer, sharper path in its messaging and motives



JUNE 13, 2018 | 15

and real kept appearing in their writing. That also helped drive the production. It opens with a beauty pageant and includes the talent contest. Dancer Kate Kosharek’s talent is saying tongue twisters and dancer Michaela Ellingson says the ABCs backwards while in a variety of positions. Some of the comedic elements of the scene were created when professional clown Aitor Basauri was in residence in Jackson earlier this year. “There’s humor and text and talking, and of course the beautiful physicality in the dancing,” Case said. The fake beauty is stripped away as the dance progresses to reveal the contestants are human. The last piece in the performance is called “Dedicated to one who is incapable of love.” The piece is a duet between dancers Luke Zender and Francesca Romo. The show features references to writing, from Chekhov to limericks to Shakespeare. Even the title, Stealing Inward, is a nod to writing. It is derived from the words of Ralph Waldo Emerson: “As we grow older, beauty


horeographer Bill T. Jones once asked Babs Case, artistic director of Dancers’ Workshop, what inspires her programming. “I realized it’s my way of coping with mediocrity in the world,” she said. Jones reframed it for Case. It’s a type of resistance, he told her. That struck Case, who is also founder and artistic director of Contemporary Dance Wyoming, the professional modern dance company based in Jackson, and inspired the troupe’s latest production Stealing Inward. “We’re exploring the idea of beauty as a form of resistance,” Case said, echoing Jones. “In the process of exploring that, we are realizing that beauty and truth—or at least a deeper truth—have a strong connection to each other.” The contemporary modern dance performance is more of a “collage” than a single long concert piece, or shorter individual dances, Case said. The entire production explores our culture’s infatuation with beauty, she said. Case started work on the production by asking the dancers to write about beauty. Words like truth, authenticity



Examining, Shattering Notions of Beauty



16 | JUNE 13, 2018

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‘We’re exploring the idea of beauty as a form of resistance.’ - Babs Case, Dancers’ Workshop

steals inward.” Also referenced in the performance is Emily Dickinson’s poem I Died for Beauty, where Dickinson talks about truth and beauty being the same. Case is drawing new inspiration from language. Increasingly, she sees its value in dance performances. “I’m finding dance more abstract than what I’d like to say,” she said. “I’d like to be more direct in what I want to say and language is helping me do that in this show.” The production takes place in Dancers’ Studio No. 1, in part to save money on space to help with Case’s new commitment to paying the dancers for rehearsal time, but also because it allowed her to use the mirrors that line a wall in the studio. The venue is intimate and provides a way for people to see the show up close too. The show, which Contemporary Dance Wyoming is developing to

perform at New York Live Arts next spring, is unlike anything the company has tackled before, Case said. “I think it is one of the most exciting pieces of work we’ve ventured into.” The visuals and sounds are part of that. Dancers wear bright costumes and massive colored fake lashes. They are meant to be a caricature of beauty, Case said. The dancers will perform to live music composed by local musician Leif Routman. It also is thought provoking: “I hope people walk away from the show examining their own relationships to truth and beauty,” Case said. PJH

Contemporary Dance Wyoming’s Stealing Inward, 6 and 8 p.m. Friday and Saturday at Dancers’ Workshop Studio No. 1. $35; $10 students.







3 BU

Anthony Bourdain’s death has jolted people in the culinary world and beyond.


Anthony Bourdain’s passionate life and tragic death should force dialogue about mental health in the culinary world BY HELEN GOELET


Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly. “Misses of garlic is a crime…please, treat your garlic with respect…Avoid at all costs that vile spew you see rotting in oil in screwtop jars. Too lazy to peel fresh? You don’t deserve to eat garlic.” These words exemplify his approachable, raw mentality toward food. It was his first love, his saving grace. Bourdain overcame severe heroin and cocaine addictions and found new

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t wasn’t just the culinary community that lost one if its great denizens on June 8, but the world at large. Anthony Bourdain broke down the barrier dividing chef and patron. He brought people to the far reaches of the globe while contemplating culture and civilization through his understanding of the human condition and food. “Garlic is divine. Few food items can taste so many distinct ways, handled correctly,” Bourdain wrote in his book


When the Kitchen Gets Too Hot


F O H HE ‘

ways to live on the edge with food, adventure and travel. After he got clean, he continued his work in kitchens, where the chef circuit is built of misfits. A regimented 9-5 desk job simply would not do. Now, after seeing so much life through the eyes of Bourdain, who pushed the boundaries between food, politics and humanity with his program Parts Unknown, we must ponder his death. Bourdain’s suicide should force folks in the culinary sphere to look inward. In the kitchen—Bourdain’s milieu— there’s a guaranteed adrenaline fix. From the first ticket at service, it’s game on; with the cacophony of clanging pans, screaming fire, and shouting, the excitement and exhaustion felt at the end of a shift is inimitable. And when it’s all said and done, us kitchen folk are set loose for the night, minds ablaze while half the world sleeps. It is a cruel, isolating job in this way, one that can deepen a person’s proclivity to abuse alcohol or drugs. It can also magnify feelings of depression and loneliness. Addiction and depression are indeed





18 | JUNE 13, 2018



See dining listings on page 19

pervasive in the culinary industry. With the high-stress and interminable hours that come with the job, it’s no surprise people’s mental health often suffers. So as we glean inspiration from some of Bourdain’s words, let us also take more time to be kind to ourselves and to each other, to ask for help and to listen to those who need it. Sometimes that could mean removing ourselves from our spheres and seeing the world through someone else’s eyes, someone who is suffering or someone who wants to listen. For his part, Bourdain was on a constant journey to understand other perspectives. “If I’m an advocate for anything, it’s to move,” Bourdain said. “As far as you can, as much as you can. Across the ocean, or simply across the river. The extent to which you can walk in someone else’s shoes or at least eat their food, it’s a plus for everybody…Open your mind, get up off the couch, move.” PJH Call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255.













Featuring dining destinations from breweries to bakeries, and continental fare to foreign flavor, this is a sampling of our dining critic’s local favorites.


TETON THAI Serving the world’s most exciting cuisine. Teton Thai offers a splendid array of flavors: sweet, hot, sour, salt and bitter. All balanced and blended perfectly, satisfying the most discriminating palate. Open daily. Located at 7432 Granite Loop Road in Teton Village, (307) 733-0022 and in Driggs, (208) 787-8424,

THAI ME UP Home of Melvin Brewing Co. Freshly remodeled offering modern Thai cuisine in a relaxed setting. New tap system with 20 craft beers. New $8 wine list and extensive bottled beer menu. View our tap list at Open daily for dinner at 5 p.m. Located downtown at 75 East Pearl Street, (307) 733-0005,


THE BLUE LION A Jackson Hole favorite for 39 years. Join us in the charming atmosphere of a historic home. Serving fresh fish, elk, poultry, steaks, and vegetarian entrées. Ask a local about our rack of lamb. Live acoustic guitar music most nights. Open nightly at 5:30 p.m. Reservations recommended, walk-ins welcome. 160 N. Millward, (307) 733-3912,


MANGY MOOSE Mangy Moose Restaurant, with locally sourced, seasonally fresh food at reasonable prices, is a always a fun place to go with family or friends for a unique dining experience. The personable staff will make you feel right at home and the funky western decor will keep you entertained throughout your entire visit. Teton Village, (307) 733-4913, Opened in Jackson Hole by Tom Fay and David Fogg, Moe’s Original Bar B Que features a Southern Soul Food Revival through its awardwinning Alabama-style pulled pork, ribs, wings, turkey and chicken smoked over hardwood

VIRGINIAN SALOON Come down to the historic Virginian Saloon and check out our grill menu! Everything from 1/2 pound burgers to wings at a great price! The grill is open in the Saloon from 4 p.m.-10p.m. daily. Located at 750 West Broadway, (307) 739-9891.

SNAKE RIVER BREWERY & RESTAURANT America’s most award-winning microbrewery is serving lunch and dinner. Take in the atmosphere while enjoying wood-fired pizzas, pastas, burgers, sandwiches, soups, salads and desserts. $9 lunch menu. Happy hour runs from 4 - 6 p.m., including tasty hot wings. The freshest beer in the valley, right from the source! Free WiFi. Open 11 a.m. - 11 p.m. Loacted at 265 S. Millward. (307) 739-2337,




A Jackson Hole favorite since 1965, the Calico continues to be one of the most popular restaurants in the Valley. The Calico offers the right combination of really good food, (much of which is grown in our own gardens in the summer), friendly staff; a reasonably priced menu and a large selection of wine. Our bar scene is eclectic with a welcoming vibe. Open nightly at 5 p.m. Located at 2560 Moose Wilson Rd., (307) 733-2460.







Serving authentic Mexican cuisine and appetizers in a unique Mexican atmosphere. Home of the original Jumbo Margarita. Featuring a full bar with a large selection of authentic Mexican beers. Lunch served weekdays 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Nightly dinner specials. Open seven days, 11 a.m. to 10 p.m. Located at 385 W. Broadway, (307) 733-1207.



The locals favorite! Voted Best Pizza in Jackson Hole 2012-2016. Seek out this hidden gem under the Pink Garter Theatre for NY pizza by the slice, salads, strombolis, calzones and many appetizers to choose from. Try the $7 ‘Triple S’ lunch special. Happy hours 10 p.m. - 12 a.m. Sun.Thu. Text PINK to 71441 for discounts. Delivery and take-out. Open daily 11a.m. - 2 a.m. Located at 50 W. Broadway, (307) 734-PINK.


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9 TH


Serving organic, freshly-made world cuisine while catering to all eating styles. Endless organic and natural meat, vegetarian, vegan and gluten-free choices. Offering super smoothies, fresh extracted juices, espresso and tea. Full bar and house-infused botanical spirits. Serving breakfast, lunch & dinner starting at 8am daily. Located at 140 N. Cache, (307) 734-0882,



Serving authentic Swiss cuisine, the Alpenhof features European style breakfast entrées and alpine lunch fare. Dine in the Bistro for a casual meal or join us in the Alpenrose dining room for a relaxed dinner experience. Breakfast 7:30 a.m.-10 a.m. Coffee & pastry 10 a.m.-11:30 a.m. Lunch 11:30 a.m.-3 p.m. Aprés 3 p.m.-5:30 p.m. Dinner 6 p.m.-9 p.m. For reservations at the Bistro or Alpenrose, call (307) 733-3242.

served with two unique sauces in addition to Catfish and a Shrimp Moe-Boy sandwich. A daily rotation of traditional Southern sides and tasty desserts are served fresh daily. Moe’s BBQ stays open late and features a menu for any budget. While the setting is family-friendly, a full premium bar offers a lively scene with HDTVs for sports fans, music, shuffle board and other games upstairs. Large party takeout orders and full service catering with delivery is also available.




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Complete the grid so that each row, column, diagonal and 3x3 square contain all of the numbers 1 to 9. No math is involved. The grid has numbers, but nothing has to add up to anything else. Solve the puzzle with reasoning and logic. Solving time is typically 10 to 30 minutes, depending on your skill and experience.

NE W !










$25 VOUCHER FOR $12.50



SUNDAY, JUNE 17, 2018

ACROSS 1 5 9 14 19 20

Criticize harshly Literary captain “Quo __”: 1951 film Dome opening? High school outbreak 2017 Basketball Hall of Fame inductee Rebecca __ 21 Memoir featuring Ike 22 Sharpening tool 23 Therapeutic specialty 26 Ageless pitcher Satchel 27 Keyed up 28 Cadillac SUV 29 Pulled without warning 30 Energy restoration source 32 Moon goddess 33 Spares for Venus 34 Balcony barrier 38 Hamilton’s prov. 39 Clark of DC Comics 40 See 83-Across 41 Geology, for one 45 “Let’s get crackin’!” 49 Feeling that may remind you of food 51 Seldom seen 52 First name in cosmetics 53 Actor in “Going in Style” (2017) 54 Balance sheet item 56 Have an objection 58 Will beneficiaries 60 “Born Free” lioness 62 Come to the surface 65 Plops down 66 __ fly: RBI producer 68 Antique tool hung on some pub walls 72 Leaky tire sound 73 Watch cover 75 Blue Grotto isle 76 1986 Starship chart-topper 78 Entertainment icons 81 Yuletide 83 With 40-Across, boxer with a

24-0 lifetime record Kate’s TV mate ’60s Van Dyke co-star Potter’s supply “The Ghost of Frankenstein” role 93 Argued, as a case 94 Clapboard 97 O’er and o’er 98 High hair style 99 Letters before F? 100 Signs a new lease for 102 Rain and snow 106 Lopped 109 Wye follower, in Wye 110 Frills 111 Quarantines 113 Little rows 117 Farm units 118 Result of too much speed, perhaps 120 Queen of France 121 Fix, as laces 122 Dig it 123 One of Chekhov’s “Three Sisters” 124 Blind parts 125 Like items in potpourri: Abbr. 126 Retired slugger, familiarly 127 Sore throat sign

13 For example 14 Point of view 15 Desolate 16 Tot’s transport 17 Name synonymous with synonyms 18 Slanted columns 24 Hang loosely 25 MLB’s Angels, in sportscasts 29 Lily’s “Grace and Frankie” costar 31 Fruit cocktail fruit 33 Requirement for many returns 34 Storybook bear 35 Start of a sad tale 36 Span before a spin 37 Mine car 39 Support for a proposal 42 Court event 43 Matisse at an easel 44 Ordinal suffix 45 Ale vessel 46 Musical based on “Madama Butterfly” 47 “__ the loneliest number” 48 Pads in trees 50 Gooey stuff 53 Breakfast in a box 55 African threat 57 __ golf 59 Pep squad syllables DOWN 61 Med. school class 1 “Goldberg Variations” compos- 63 Doo-wop syllable er 64 “Baseball Tonight” 2 In some pain network 3 Little cut 66 Abandon, as a plan 4 Capital near the Great Divide 67 On __: hot 5 The Zugspitze, e.g. 69 Women’s magazine 6 Swindle, in slang since 1939 7 Deep space 70 Spring bloomers 8 Italian ball game 71 Investor’s concern 9 Reason for an R rating 74 Factory platform 10 Legendary island 77 Charles of R&B 11 Simple semiconductor 79 Overhead expense? 12 “Bus Stop” playwright 80 Landscaper’s supply

86 87 90 92

82 Home in the woods 84 Golf club spec 85 Theater and dance 88 Update equipment, in a way 89 Swamped 91 Santa __ Valley: California wine region 94 Things to worry about 95 Asian peninsula 96 Scacchi of cinema 98 Full moon and terrible twos 101 Daily bigwig 102 Sports 103 Stand out in a field 104 Central courtyards 105 Reznor of Nine Inch Nails 106 H.S. exams 107 __ Sketch 108 Indoor design 111 Ticks off 112 Corn Belt sight 114 Nike competitor 115 Obfuscates 116 Button alternative 118 Refrain syllable 119 Generic Guy in “Dilbert”

COSMIC CAFE Childish or Childlike Why it is important to make the distinction and live a life centered in wonder


reat is the human who has not lost his childlike heart.” – Mencius, ancient Chinese philosopher

To be Childlike

being in the present where everything is fresh, easily forgiven and life is not governed by fear. It is not hopelessly naïve; it is a loving state of being, which is discerning, forgiving and loving. A heart-centered way of living allows the soul to be in the driver’s seat of our lives, and is the key to fulfilling our higher potential.

To be Childish

Heart Facts Being more childlike means being more heart-centered, and the heart is our connection to the higher wisdom and intelligence of our souls. The HeartMath Institute in California has scientifically proven ancient teachings about the power of our hearts. Here are two key findings: The heart informs the brain what biochemistry to release in the body. Positive thoughts and emotions release the chemistry of well-being, elevating the potentials of body, mind and soul. Negative thoughts and emotions activate bio-chemistry which undermines all levels of thriving and puts us in the lower energy frequency of the ego’s fear mode. The electromagnetic energy of the

Carol Mann is a longtime Jackson resident, radio personality, former Grand Targhee Resort owner, author, and clairvoyant. Got a Cosmic Question? Email

heart is 5,000 times more powerful than the same energy field of our brain, and not only envelopes every cell of the body, but also extends out in all directions in the space around us. Our cardiac field touches those within eight to 10 feet of where we are positioned. Therefore, our state of heart actually affects everything and everyone around us. No wonder people are happy and uplifted in the energy of little kids and adults who are childlike. Regardless of our situation in life, we have the total ability to thrive by choosing the lens—heart or ego—through which we perceive and respond to life. I leave you with the inspiring words of noted author and teacher Wayne Dyer: “To be more childlike, you do not have to stop being an adult. The fully integrated person is capable of being both an adult and a child simultaneously. Recapture the childlike feelings of wide-eyed excitement, spontaneous appreciation, cutting loose, and being full of awe and wonder at this magnificent universe.” PJH


Along the journey of developing tools to navigate this polarized, fear-based 3-D reality, the psyche introduces the ego into its repertoire. The ego can be thought of as the fear-based part of our psyche. It is trying to protect us in the 3-D world, but most of the time its automatic fearful perceptions and responses actually block our higher potential and lasting happiness. The ego is the part of us which takes everything personally and can never be fully satisfied. Its natural insecurity pushes to be the center of attention, to feel superior and to be right. The fearful ego is always ready to judge others, and defend or attack in order to feel more

powerful. Coming from fear, ego energy is needy, greedy, demanding and self-centered. The ego is intended to remain in the passenger’s seat of our lives, and only pop in infrequently, so the higher intelligence and wisdom of the soul can drive.


Once upon a time, or maybe only yesterday, we were all open, curious, playful, eager to explore and to learn. We had ready smiles, emotions which we moved through rapidly and were forgotten quickly. We were very young children full of wonderment and naturally heart-centered. The purity of our souls was in the foreground of our expression. We were also new to the ways of this 3-D reality and needed orientation time to learn about this world. Our true nature is that childlike state of being and it is still within us. As adults, we are no longer naive in the worldly sense. To maximize our potential, we are designed to blend the smarts, knowledge and wisdom we’ve acquired with maintaining our delightful, healthy, consciousness-expanding childlike qualities. Childlike can also be described as


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180 N Center St, Unit 8



GEMINI (May 21-June 20) “Whether you love what you love or live in divided ceaseless revolt against it, what you love is your fate.” Gemini poet Frank Bidart wrote that in his poem “Guilty of Dust,” and now I offer it to you. Why? Because it’s an excellent time to be honest with yourself as you identify whom and what you love. It’s also a favorable phase to assess whether you are in any sense at odds with whom and what you love; and if you find you are, to figure out how to be in more harmonic alignment with whom and what you love. Finally, dear Gemini, now is a key moment to vividly register the fact that the story of your life in the coming years will pivot around your relationship with whom and what you love. CANCER (June 21-July 22) Congratulations on the work you’ve done to cleanse the psychic toxins from your soul, Cancerian. I love how brave you’ve been as you’ve jettisoned outworn shticks, inadequate theories, and irrelevant worries. It makes my heart sing to have seen you summon the self-respect necessary to stick up for your dreams in the face of so many confusing signals. I do feel a tinge of sadness that your heroism hasn’t been better appreciated by those around you. Is there anything you can do to compensate? Like maybe intensify the appreciation you give yourself?

VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22) “Necessity is the mother of invention,” says an old proverb. In other words, when your need for some correction or improvement becomes overwhelming, you may be driven to get creative. Engineer Allen Dale put a different spin on the issue. He said that “if necessity is the mother of invention, then laziness is the father.” Sci-fi writer Robert Heinlein agreed, asserting that “progress is made by lazy men looking for easier ways to do things.” I’m not sure if necessity or laziness will be your motivation, Virgo, but I suspect that the coming weeks could be a golden age of invention for you. What practical innovations might you launch? What useful improvements can you finagle? (P.S. Philosopher Alfred North Whitehead attributed the primary drive for innovative ideas and gizmos to “pleasurable intellectual curiosity.”)

CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): For the next two-plus weeks, an unusual rule will be in effect: The more you lose, the more you gain. That means you will have an aptitude for eliminating hassles, banishing stress, and shedding defense mechanisms. You’ll be able to purge emotional congestion that has been preventing clarity. You’ll have good intuitions about how to separate yourself from influences that have made you weak or angry. I’m excited for you, Capricorn! A load of old, moldy karma could dissolve and disperse in what seems like a twinkling. If all goes well, you’ll be traveling much lighter by July 1. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18) I suggest you avoid starting a flirtatious correspondence with a convict who’ll be in jail for another 28 years. OK? And don’t snack on fugu, the Japanese delicacy that can poison you if the cook isn’t careful about preparing it. Please? And don’t participate in a séance where the medium summons the spirits of psychotic ancestors or diabolical celebrities with whom you imagine it might be interesting to converse. Got that? I understand you might be in the mood for high adventure and out-of-the-ordinary escapades. And that will be fine and healthy as long as you also exert a modicum of caution and discernment. PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20) I suggest that you pat yourself on the back with both hands as you sing your own praises and admire your own willful beauty in three mirrors simultaneously. You have won stirring victories over not just your own personal version of the devil, but also over your own inertia and sadness. From what I can determine, you have corralled what remains of the forces of darkness into a comfy holding cell, sealing off those forces from your future. They won’t bother you for a very long time, maybe never again. Right now you would benefit from a sabbatical -- a vacation from all this high-powered character-building. May I suggest you pay a restorative visit to the Land of Sweet Nonsense?

TAURUS (April 20-May 20) You have caressed and finessed The Problem. You have tickled and teased and tinkered with it. Now I suggest you let it alone for a while. Give it breathing room. Allow it to evolve under the influence of the tweaks you have instigated. Although you may need to return and do further work in a few weeks, my guess is that The Problem’s knots are now destined to metamorphose into seeds. The awkwardness you massaged with your love and care will eventually yield a useful magic.

Go to for Rob Brezsny’s expanded weekly audio horoscopes and daily text-message horoscopes. Audio horoscopes also available by phone at 877-873-4888 or 900-950-7700.

Are you registered to vote? Have you moved, changed your name, or want to change your political party? Do you want to vote by Absentee? Did you know you that Teton County is now using Vote Centers, which allow you to vote at any one of the five locations throughout the county, regardless of where you live in Teton County?

Please contact us for information regarding the August 21st, 2018 Primary Election, and the November 6th, 2018 General Election. Visit our website: Email us: Call: 307.733.4430 Or, stop in and see us in the basement of the Teton County Administration Building located at 200 S. Willow St., Suite 9, Jackson, Wyoming

JUNE 13, 2018 | 23

SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21) The temptation to overdramatize is strong. Going through with a splashy but messy conclusion may have a perverse appeal. But why not wrap things up with an elegant whisper instead of a garish bang? Rather than impressing everyone with how amazingly complicated your crazy life is, why not quietly lay the foundations for a low-key resolution that will set the stage for a productive sequel? Taking the latter route will be much easier on your karma, and in my opinion will make for just as interesting a story.



LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22) Would you have turned out wiser and wealthier if you had dropped out of school in third grade? Would it have been better to apprentice yourself to a family of wolves or coyotes rather than trusting your educational fate to institutions whose job it was to acclimate you to society’s madness? I’m happy to let you know that you’re entering a phase when you’ll find it easier than usual to unlearn any old conditioning that might be suppressing your ability to fulfill your rich potentials. I urge you to seek out opportunities to unleash your skills and enhance your intelligence.

ARIES (March 21-April 19) My Aries acquaintance Tatiana decided to eliminate sugar from her diet. She drew up a plan to avoid it completely for 30 days, hoping to permanently break its hold over her. I was surprised to learn that she began the project by making a Dessert Altar in her bedroom, where she placed a chocolate cake and five kinds of candy. She testified that it compelled her willpower to work even harder and become even stronger than if she had excluded all sweet treats from her sight. Do you think this strenuous trick might work for you as you battle your own personal equivalent of a sugar addiction? If not, devise an equally potent strategy. You’re on the verge of forever escaping a temptation that’s no good for you. Or you’re close to vanquishing an influence that has undermined you. Or both.



LEO (July 23-Aug. 22) I hope you’re reaching the final stages of your year-long project to make yourself as solid and steady as possible. I trust you have been building a stable foundation that will serve you well for at least the next five years. I pray you have been creating a rich sense of community and establishing vital new traditions and surrounding yourself with environments that bring out the best in you. If there’s any more work to be done in these sacred tasks, intensify your efforts in the coming weeks. If you’re behind schedule, please make up for lost time.

SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21) Each of us harbors rough, vulnerable, controversial, or unhoned facets of our identity. And every one of us periodically reaches turning points when it becomes problematic to keep those qualities buried or immature. We need to make them more visible and develop their potential. I suspect you have arrived at such a turning point. So on behalf of the cosmos, I hereby invite you to enjoy a period of ripening and self-revelation. And I do mean “enjoy.” Find a way to have fun.

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Planet Jackson Hole June 14, 2018  

Tipping the Scales

Planet Jackson Hole June 14, 2018  

Tipping the Scales