Child Health 49
Malaria Prevention and Treatment The Challenge In Africa a child dies every 45 seconds of Malaria. The disease accounts for 20% of all childhood deaths and is one of the leading killers of children aged under five. In addition to claiming one million lives a year, the disease deepens and reinforces poverty in some of the poorest areas of the world.
Malaria is a largely preventable disease that can be brought under control with counter-measures, but control has slipped away from the public health reach in Africa. Since interventions began there have been substantial world-wide reductions in mortality because of immunization service. This progress contrasts with deaths from malaria inside Africa which have more than tripled because of the limited use of indoor residual spraying that has been part of the acute management programs applied elsewhere. Vernon Smith.
Malaria is a disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes. Malaria afflicts as many as half a billion people in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Until as recently as 60 years ago, malaria was also a problem in Europe and North America. Simple public health measures eliminated the disease there. An estimated 3 billion people, almost half of the worldâ€™s population, live in areas where malaria transmission occurs. Warm, humid climates provide ideal conditions for mosquitoes to develop and survive. Regions with high average temperatures support the development of the malaria parasite in mosquitoes. Transmission is more intense in Africa where mosquitoes have longer lives and bite humans rather than other animals. More than 85 percent of the worldâ€™s malaria deaths are in Africa. According to the Roll Back Malaria initiative, malaria costs Africa at least US$ 12 billion in direct losses and much more than that in lost economic growth each year. Guide to Giving
Copenhagen Consensus Center Guide to Giving