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Govt:College Magazine 2009-2010

Abdul Samad U.K 2nd B.A English

temI-N-cn-{X-¯nsâ KXn-hn-K-Xn\nÀ®b§fn Ahn-`m-Py LS-Ia - m-bncp¶p F¶pw km{am-P-y-Xz ta[m-hn-X-zw. cmjv{S-§-fpsS AXn-cp-IÄ amän hc-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn \n¶p a¸p-d-t¯¡v P\-]-Y-§fpsS kmwkv¡m-cnI Ne-\§ - f - nÂt¸mepw ImXemb- k-zm- [ - o\w sNep-¯m³ F¶pw km-{am-P-y-Xz hml-IÀ {ian¡p-Ibpw Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc hnP-bn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp¶p. t]Àj-y³þtdma km{am-P-y-§Ä bqtdm-¸nsâ ]Sn-ªm-d³ AXn-cp-IÄ XpS§n C´-y³ D]-`q-JW - vUs¯-t¸mepw IogS-¡n-bn-cp-¶p. Icbpw ISepw IS¶v CkvemanI km{am-Pyw temIw I- Gähpw henb km{am-P-y-ambn hfÀ-¶p. Imem-´-c-§-fpsS kzm-[o\w km{am-Py-¯nsâ \b-cq-]o-Ic - W - § - f - n CS-s]«v XpS-§n-bt- ¸mÄ AXv Xt±iob _lp-am\w ]e-t¸mgpw FSp¯v amän. `cW Xmev]-c-y-§Ä {]Pm-Xm-ev]-c-y§Ä¡v Hcn-¡epw hgn-am-dn-s¡m-Sp-¯n-Ã. k¼-¶X - b - psS hnf-\n-e§ - f - n \n¶v Xt±iob kwkv¡m-c§ - Ä (Native culture) hc- - `q- a n- I bn- t e¡v ]dn¨v \S- ¯ - s ¸- « p. C¯cw bmYm-Øn-Ihpw k¦p-Nn-X-hp-amb \S-]-Sn-IÄ {]Pm-Xm-ev]-c-y-§fpw `cW Xmev]-c-yhpw hncp² {[ph-§-fn-em-Im³ Imc-W-am-bn. km{am-P-y-Xz hàm-¡Ä Nne-t¸m-sgÃmw aX-ta-[m-hn-If - psS Xmev]c - y- § - Ä¡-\p-kc - n-¨v ` - c - W N{IwXncn-¨p-sIm-n-cp-¶p. XoÀ¯pw A\yhpw `n¶-hp-amb kmwkv¡m-cnI ioep-IÄ X§-fn-te¡v Bhm-ln-¡m³ km{am-Py- X - zw {ian-¨t- ¸m-sgms¡ Xt±-iob hnImcw kzm-`m-hn-Ia - mbpw AhÀs¡-Xn-cm-bn. kwkv¡m-c¯ - nsâ Ifn-s¯m-«n-ep-If - mb _m_n-tem-Wn-bbpw saks¸-t«m-anbbpw ]p\-cp-²m\w Akm-[y- a - mb hn[-¯n Fcn-ªS- § - n-bt- ¸mÄ hnÚm\ tKm]p-c-§Ä ]eXpw \new-s]m-¯n. \f-µbpw X£-in-ebpw Aaq-e-y-amb alm-{KÙ-ti-Jc - § - Äs¡m¸w \mgn-II - Ä \n¶p I¯n. XmÀ¯m-cn-If - psS ]S-tbm-«I - m-e¯v _mKvZm-Znse sse{_dn kap-¨-b-§Ä \mi-ta-äp-hm-§n-s¡m-v bq{^-«o-knsâ Hmf§-fn Icn-\ndw ]c-¯n. Imem-´-c-¯n XmÀ¯mÀ F¶ ]Zw Xs¶ kwkv¡mc iq\-ysc kqNn-¸n-¡m³ D]-tbm-Kn¨p XpS-§n. kmap- h  l- n w- K v S ®nsâ kwkv ¡ m- c - § - f psS kwL- « \w (Clashes of civilization) F¶ kn²m´w icn-sh-¡p-¶-XmWv C¶nsâ km{am-Py- X - z- {- ]-bm-W§ - f - psS sNbvXn-IÄ. km{am-Py- X - z- - XmÂ]c-y§ - Ä - aX-þP - m-Xn-þh - À¤þhÀ® kwL«\§-fn-eq-sS-bm-bn-cp¶p hfÀ¶-Xv. B[p-\nI Ime¯v AXv kwkv¡m-c-§-fpsS Gäpa- « - e p- I - f n F¯n- \ n¡p¶p F¶mWv l- n w- K v S - ¬ sâ Is-¯Â. km{am-P-y-X-z- ta[m-hn-Xzw kmwkv¡mcnI km{amP-y-X-z- (Cultural Imperialism) ¯nte¡v NphSv amän-b-t¸mÄ Htc kabw AXv kwkv¡m-c-§Ä¡v A\p-{K-l¯nsâbpw \n{K-l¯nsâbpw thj-¸-IÀ¨-IÄ ImWn¨p XpS-§n.

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Govt:College Magazine 2009-2010

]s£ km{am-P-y-X-z-¯nsâ Cc-I-fmb km¼-¯n-Iþ kmaq-ln-Iþ kmwkv¡mcnI taJ-e-IÄ H¶msI XInSw adnbp- ¶ - X mWv I- - X v . B{^n- ¡ ³- þ - C ´y³ D]-`q-JW - vV§ - fnse ØnXn-hnti-j§ - Ä Xs¶-bmWv Gähpw henb DZm-l-c-Ww. km{am-P-y-X-z-w C´-y³ {Kma-§-fnse kzbw]c-ym-]vXX (Self suficiency) XIÀ¯p. Hcp Ime¯v Ipcnip bp²- § Ä aX- t a- [ m- h n- X z Xmev]- c - y - § Ä kwc- £ n- ¨ - t ¸mÄ temI¯v c-p {]_e aX-§Ä X½n \nI- ¯ m- \ m- h m¯ AIew krjvSn-¨p. C¶pw Cu AIew temI-K-Xnsb kzm-[o-\n¡p¶p. Ckvemwt]Sn (Islamophobia) CXnsâ D¸-¶-am-Wv. ]c-kv]cw sXän-²m-c-W-I-fp-tSbpw ap³hn-[nI-fp-tSbpw ASn-Øm\¯n Xocp-am-\-§Ä ssIs¡m--t¸mÄ AXv kwi-b-¯nsâ `oI-c-cq-]-¯n-te¡v cmjv{S-§sf hen-¨n-g-¨p. a[-y-Im-e-L-«-¯n km{am-P-yXzw temIs¯ \thm-°m\ þ ]ptcm-K-a\ Nn´m Xe-§-fn-te¡v \bn-¨p. ]e cmjv{S§fpw kmwkv¡m-cnI k¼-¶-X-bpsS kphÀ® bpK-¯n-te¡v IpXn-¨p. apKÄhwi `c-Whpw Fen-k-_-¯³ Ime-L-«hpw ka-{K-amb \thm°m\¯n-te¡v temIs¯ ssI]n-Sn-¨pbÀ¯n. a[-y-Imew ]mÝm-Xy kwkv¡m-c-¯nsâ C-cp- Ime-L-«-ambncps¶¦n ]uc-kvXy tZiw kwkv¡m-c¯ - nsâ D¯pw-KX - b - n F¯n \n¡p¶-Xn-\mWv temIw km£yw hln-¨-Xv. 1453-þ XpÀ¡n-IÄ tIm¬Ìmânt\m-¸nÄ ]nSn-¨-S-¡n-bXv bqtdm-¸n-s\ Ic-h-gn-bpÅ I¨-hSþ\b-X-{´-_-Ô-§Ä kap{Zw hgnbm-¡m³ \nÀ_-Ôn-X-cm-¡n. ]pXnb `qJ-WvU-§-fpsS I-p-]n-Sp-¯hpw I¨-hS at\m-`m-hhpw km{am-P-y-§fpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v hgn-sbm-cp-¡n. {_n«ojv CuÌv C´ym I¼\n 1600þIfn Bcw-`n¨ km{am-P-y-Xz {]bmWw 20-þmw \qäm--nsâ D¯-cmÀ²¯n Ah-km-\n-¸n-¨p. ]s£ AXnsâ hàm-¡fpw Cc-Ifpw C¶pw asämcp cq]¯n \ne-\n¡p¶p. {_n«ojv ta[m-hn-Xzw C´y³ k¼ZvLS-\sb Xmdp-am-dm-¡n. KwK-bpsS Xoc-§f - n \n¶pw H¸n-sb-Sp¯v tXwknsâ Xoc-§f - n ]ngn-bp¶ {_n«ojv km¼-¯nI Nqj-Ws¯ tNmÀ¨ kn²m-´-¯n-eqsS (Drain Theory) ZmZm-`mbv \htdmPn temI-¯n-\p ap¶n Xpd¶p ImWn¡p-Ibpw A]-e-]n-¡pbpw sNbvXp. km{am-P-y-Xz¯nsâ _m¡n ]{X-§-fn Gähpw `oIchpw Zb-\o-b-hp-amWv km¼-¯n-tIm-]-tc-m-[-§fpw Ip¯-Im-h-Im-i-§fpw. 20-þmw \qäm--nsâ ]qÀÆmÀ²§fpw 21-þmw \qäm--nsâ BZyZ-i-I-§fpw km¼-¯nI Ak-a-X-z-¯nsâ {Iqc-X A\p`-hn-¡p-¶p. Cdm-Jnse Zi-e-£-¡-W-¡n\v Ip«n-I-fmWv km¼-¯nI D]-tcm-[-¯n Pohn-¡p-¶Xpw acn-¡p-¶Xpw. L.P.G(Liberalization, Privatisation, Globalization) F¶ {XnX-{´-§fneqsS km¼-¯nI taJ-esb Hcp {]-tX-yI Xe-¯n-te¡v tI{µoIcn-¸n-¡m³ km{am-P-y-XzNqj-IÀ¡v Ign-ªp. a[-y-Im-e-L-«-¯nsâ Ah-km-\hpw B[p-\nI bpK-¯nsâ Bcw-`hpw kwkv¡m-c§ - f - psS kwL«\-§f - psS Ime-am-bn-cp-¶p. tkmhn-bäp bqWn-bsâ XIÀ¨tbmsS temIw GI-{[ph temI-¯n-te¡v Npcp-§p-Ibpw Ata-cn¡ temI t]meokmbn amdp-Ibpw sNbvXp. km{am-P-y-Xz tamln-I-fpsS apJ-ap-{Zbm-Wv Cc-«-¯m¸pw DZm-ko-\-X-bpw. ]Ýn-ta-j-y³ cmP-y§ - f - nse \nX-y{- ]-iv\§ - f - n Ata-cn-¡b - psS Im]S-y-¯nsâ apJw ]e-t¸mgpw temIw ZÀin-¨p. C{km-tbÂþ]e-kvXo³ {]iv\-¯n PqX Xmev]-c-y-§Ä¡v apI-fn Ata-cn-¡³ `c-W-IqSw Hcp hm¡pw Dcn-bm-Sn-bn-Ã.

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Govt:College Magazine 2009-2010

hmjnw-KvS-®n-epw s]â-K-Wnepw PqXtem-_n-bpsS ]nSn F{X-t¯mfw apdp-Ip-¶p-sh¶v Kmkm kw`hw sXfnbn-¨p. Zpcn-X-§-fpsS I®oÀ¡-b-¯n Xnf-¨p-a-dn-bp¶ Kmkm \nhm-kn-IÄ¡v Ah-iy km[-\-§-fp-ambn t]mb c-p I¸-ep-IÄ C{km-tb ssk\yw bmsXmcp {]-tIm-]-\hpw IqSmsX B{I-an-¨p. t\m_ k½m\ tPXm-¡fpw temI{]-ikvX a\p-j-ym-h-Imi {]-hÀ¯-I-cp-amb 700 Hmfw t]sc Pohn-X-¯n\pw ac-W-¯n\pw CS-bn-epÅ \q¸m-e-¯n C{km-tb ssk\yw _µn-I-fm-¡n. Cdm-t\bpw D¯c sImdn-b-tbbpw BW-hmbp[ \nÀ½m-W-¯nsâ t]cn Hä-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ Ata-cn¡ taJ-e-bn-emsI `oXn ]c-¯p¶ C{km-tb \S-]-SnI-fpsS t\sc sNdp-hn-c A\-¡m³ ss[c-y-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. Cdm-Jv, hnb-äv\mw, A^vKm³, A[n-\n-thiw GI-{[p- psS [mÀjvSyw temI-¯n\p ImWn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯p. Ah-kchmZ h-tem-I¯ - n ]Icw sh¡m-\n-Ãm¯ Ata-cn-¡b \b-§-fp-ambn h³i-àn-Ifpw bqtdm-]-y³ bqWn-b\pw A[n-\n-thi iàn-IÄ¡v kÀÆ k¶m-l-§fpw Hcp¡n-s¡m-Sp¯v bm¦n-am-asâ ap¶n X§-fpsS hn\oX hnt-[-bXzw {]-I-Sam¡n. ]mc-¼-cy \b-§-fn \n¶pÅ C´-ybpsS hy-Xn-N-e-\hpw ImWm³ Ign-ªp. Im]-S-y-¯nsâbpw Cc-«-¯m-¸nsâbpw ]pI-ad krjvSn¨v temI¯n\p ap¶n \Ã-]nÅ Na-bp¶ [mÀjvS-y-¯nsâ sam¯-¡-¨-h-S-¡mÀ sFI-y-cm-jv{S-k-`sb It¼m-f-am¡n amän. AÀl-X-bp-Å-h-bpsS AXn-Po-h\w (Survival of the fittest) F¶ {]IrXn \nbaw ]e-L-«-§-fnepw km{am-P-y-Xz In¦-c-·mÀ Xpdp-¸p-No-«m-¡n. kwkv¡m-c-iq-\-ysc kwkv¡m-c k¼-¶-cm-¡p-I-bmWv shÅ-¡mcsâ Ncn{X \ntbmKw (Whiteman’s burden assumes that it is God given responsibity of the Whitepeople to invest the orient with culture) F¶ dpUvbmÀUvIn¹nw-Knsâ kn²m-´w ]mÝm-Xy iàn-IÄ X§-fpsS km{amP-y-Xz A[n-\n-th-i-§Ä¡pÅ \ymboI-c-W-ambn sIm-p-\-S-¡p-bm-Wn-t¸m-gpw. AXnsâ cq]hpw `mhhpw amdn-sb-¦nepw ]gb hoªv ]pXnb Ip¸n-bn hn¡m³ A[n-\n-thi iàn-IÄ¡v Hcp _me-]m-T-¯nsâ Bh-i-y-an-Ã. Cdm¡v A[n-\nthiw ssZh-I¸-\-bm-sW¶ tPmÀÖv _pjnsâ Ah-Im-i-hmZw IqSn tNÀ¯v hmbn-¡p-t¼mÄ Nn{Xw GI-tZiw ]qÀ¯n-bm-Ip-¶p. lnäve-tdbpw \mkn-k-t¯bpw kZÊn-te¡v Cd-¡n-hn«v km{am-P-yX-zhpw kb-Wn-khpw thZn ]nSn-s¨-Sp-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. B{^n-¡³þ Gjy³ `qJ-WvU-§-fnse P\Xsb kÀÆ NqjW X{´-§-Ä¡pw Cc-bm¡n Ahsc Xocm Zpcn-X-¯n-te¡v X-Å-hn-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p¶ km{amP-y-Xz X{´w AhÀ ]b-än. hni-¡p-¶-hsâ ap¶n-te¡v X§fpsS Noª-fnª kwkv¡mcw A¸-¯n\p ]Ic-ambn \ÂIn. km{am-Py- X - z¯nsâ IpX-{´-§Ä F¶pw ZpÀº-et- cmSpw \nÊ-lm-bt- cmSpw Bbn-cp-¶p. AsX¶pw A§s\ Xs¶ Bbn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. CXn-s\-Xnsc kmwkv¡m-cnI \mb-I·mcpw _p²n-Po-hn-Ifpw a\pjymhImi {]-hÀ¯-Icpw X§-fpsS t]mcm«w Ct¸mgpw XpS-cp-¶p. All are fallen (kÀÆhpw -in-Yn-e-am-Ip-¶p) Mystic Drum F¶o IrXn-I-fneqsS B{^n-¡³ temIs¯ bqtdm-]-y³ km{am-P-y-Xz NqjWw Nn\phm Bs¨s_bpw K{_n-tb H¡m-dbpw Xpd¶p ImWn-¨p. t\mwtNmw-kvInbpw FtUzÀUv sskZpw (Culture and imperialism, Orientalism) km{am- P - y - X z Xz- c - b vs¡Xn- s c \nc- ´ c t]m- c m«w \S- ¯ n. “bYmbYmln [À½ky ¥m\nÀ`-hXn `mc-X: [À½kw-Øm-]-\mÀ°mb kw`-hman bptK bptK.” Hcp ka-Xzkpµc temIw krjvSn-¡m³ {]X-y-b-imkv{X A[-c-h-ym-bm-a-§Ä¡v A¸p-d¯v {]mtbm-KnI-X-bpsS ]S-hm-fp-ambn Hcp aninl Ah-X-cn-¡p-sa¶v {]Xo-£n-¡mw. kzÀ¤-cm-Pyw kao-]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

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