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◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U fl ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§Ë v}ÆflË¥ flcʸªÊ°ΔU ∑§ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã

•¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊcÔ≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ wÆvy ∑§Ë

S◊ÊÁ⁄U∑§Ê ‚„UÿÊªË ‚¢SÕÊ∞° —

◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ, •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê, ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ, ´§ÁcÊ ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ߢS≈UË≈˜UÔÿÍ≈U

¬˝œÊŸ ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§

üÊË ª¢ªÊœ⁄UÁ‚¢„U ªÈ‹‡ÊŸ ‚Èπ‹Ê‹


‚„UÊÿ∑§ ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§

‚ÈüÊË üÊhÊ¢¡Á‹ „U¡ªÒ’Ë

‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§Ëÿ ≈UË◊—

üÊË◊ÃË ©UcÊÊ ⁄UÊ◊, ‚ÈüÊË ÁøòÊ‹πÊ ⁄UÊ◊ŒÊÿÊ‹, üÊË◊ÃË Áfl¡ÿÊ ‚⁄U¡È, ‚ÈüÊË ∑§Á⁄U‡◊Ê ⁄UÊ◊¤ÊËß, ‚ÈüÊË ÁòÊÁ‡Ê‹Ê ‚Ê◊⁄U, ‚ÈüÊË Ÿ◊˝ÃÊ ÷Ê‹Ê

◊Èπ ¬ÎcΔU ÃÕÊ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ S◊ÎÁà ÁøqÔU ∑§Ë ‚¢∑§À¬ŸÊ fl Á«U ÊÊߟ

Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ S◊ÎÁà ÁøqÔU ∑§Ë ‚¢∑§À¬ŸÊ S◊ÊÁ⁄U∑§Ê ∑§ ¬Ë¿U ∑§ ∑§fl⁄U ¬⁄U ‚¢‹ÇŸ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ S◊ÎÁà ÁøqÔU ∑§Ë ¿UÁfl Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ‚◊ÈŒÊÿ ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ë ¬˝ÃË∑§Êà◊∑§ •Á÷√ÿÁÄà „ÒU– ÿ„U ÁøòÊ ªÊÕÊ „ÒU ©UŸ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë, ¡Ê v~flË¥ ‡ÊÃÊéŒË ◊¥ ‚◊Ⱥ˝Ë ¡„UÊ ÊÊ¥ ¬⁄U ‚flÊ⁄U „UÊ∑§⁄U, •¬Ÿ Œ‡Ê ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê ¿UÊ«∏U, •Ÿ∑§ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¢¥ ¬„È°Uø Õ •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÉÊÊ≈U ¡Ò‚ ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ SÕ‹ ∑§Ë ‚ËÁ…∏UÿÊ¥ ¬⁄U ø…∏U∑§⁄U •¬Ÿ Ÿfl ¬˝flÊ‚ ∑§ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ¬„U‹Ê ∑§Œ◊ ⁄UπÊ ÕÊ– ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ‡Êø’¢œ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ª‹ ◊¥ ≈°UªÊ „ÈU•Ê Á≈UŸ ∑§Ê Á≈U∑§≈U, ©U‚¬⁄U ª…∏UÊ „ÈU•Ê Ÿ¢’⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ê ¬„UøÊŸ-¬òÊ „ÈU•Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ ÕÊ–

ÁŸflŒŸ — ‚ê◊‹Ÿ S◊ÊÁ⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ‹πÊ¥ ∑§ ÁfløÊ⁄U ‹π∑§Ê¥ ∑§ •¬Ÿ „Ò¥U– Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§ ◊¢«U‹ ∑§Ê ©UŸ∑§ ÁfløÊ⁄UÊ¥ ‚ ‚„U◊à „UÊŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU–


REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES, TERTIARY EDUCATION AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (Office of the Minister)

‚¢Œ‡Ê ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U — •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚„UÿÊª fl ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U wÆvy ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë S◊ÊÁ⁄U∑§Ê ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Áfl‡fl ∑§ ‚◊Á¬¸Ã Á„¢UŒË ¡ŸÊ¥ Ã∑§ •¬ŸË ‡ÊÈ÷∑§Ê◊ŸÊ∞° ¬„È°UøÊÃ „ÈU∞ ◊ȤÊ ’„ÈUà πȇÊË „UÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ •Ê¬˝flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§ •Õ∑§ ¬Á⁄UüÊ◊ Ÿ Á¡‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ÖÿÊà ¡‹Ê∞ ⁄UπË ©U‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊË „UÊŸ ∑§ ŸÊÃ, Áfl‡fl ∑§ ‚ê¬Íáʸ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ fl Ÿfl-¬˝flÊ‚Ë Á„¢UŒË ‚◊ÈŒÊÿ ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¡ÊŸŸ, ‚◊¤ÊŸ fl •Ê¬‚ ◊¥ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ πÊ¡Ÿ ∑§Ê ÿ„U ‚ÊÕ¸∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ◊ȤÊ ªÊÒ⁄UflÊÁãflà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ Ã’ ¡’ ÿ„U •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§Ë v}ÆflË¥ fl·¸ªÊ°ΔU ∑§ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ‚ ¡È«∏UÊ ⁄U„UÊ– ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë •Õ¸flûÊÊ Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ ß‚ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ’…∏U ¡ÊÃË „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚◊¥ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ‚ •Ê∞ ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ Ÿ Á∑§‚Ë •¬˝àÿˇÊ •ŸÈ÷fl ÿÊ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ ⁄Uπ– ß‚ S◊ÊÁ⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ¬˝àÿ∑§ •Ê‹π ∞‚ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝àÿˇÊ •ŸÈ÷fl „ÒU Á¡Ÿ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊ ¬˝’¢œŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚ ‚ËœÊ ‚¢’¢œ „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ° ¬˝SÃÈà •Ê‹π ߟ ‚÷Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ •ÊÒ⁄U flø◊ÊŸ ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚◊Îh «UÊ≈UÊ’‚ „ÒU Á¡‚∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ ‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸, Á‡ÊˇÊÊÁflŒ •ÊÒ⁄U ŸËÁà ÁŸ◊ʸÃÊ ∞∑§ ’„UÃ⁄U ÷Áflcÿ ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ◊¥ ÿÊªŒÊŸ Œ ¬Ê∞°ª– ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ’Êà ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ߟ •Ê‹πÊ¥ ◊¥ •Á÷√ÿÄà ÁfløÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ‚ ¬Ÿ¬ ◊¢Ã√ÿ vÆfl¥ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ fl΄UŒ ◊¢ø ∑§ ‚◊ˇÊ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞ ¡Ê∞°ª– ◊ȤÊ ¬Í⁄UÊ Áfl‡flÊ‚ „ÒU Á∑§ vÆflÊ° Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ߟ Áfl‡Ê· ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚◊ʜʟ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Á≈U’h „UÊªÊ– ß‚∑§Ê ‚ÈπŒ ‚¢∑§Ã ß‚ ’Êà ‚ „UË Á◊‹ÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬⁄U ∑¥§Áº˝Ã ∞∑§ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ‚òÊ ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ‚Á„Uà ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ÁSÕà Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÃÕÊ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë ‚¢¬ÊŒŸ ≈UË◊ ∑§Ê ß‚ ‚◊Îh ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ „UÊÁŒ¸∑§ ’œÊ߸– ◊⁄UÊ ◊ÊŸŸÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÿÊ¡Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê‹πÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ, ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ê •¢Ã Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU, ∑§Êÿʸ⁄¢U÷ ∑§Ê •ÊœÊ⁄U „ÒU...ß‚Á‹∞ ’œÊ߸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ©UãŸÿŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á∑§∞ ¡ÊŸ flÊ‹ ‚÷Ë √ÿÁÄêà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢SÕʪà ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊⁄UË „UÊÁŒ¸∑§ ‡ÊÈ÷∑§Ê◊ŸÊ∞°–

(üÊË◊ÃË ‹Ë‹Ê ŒflË ŒÈπŸ-‹¿ÈU◊Ÿ) wy •ªSÃ, wÆvz MITD House, Phoenix Tel. No.: (230) 6862402/03 • Fax: (230) 6983601/ (230) 6861478 E-mail: moeministeroffice@govmu.org



HIGH COMMISSIONER OF INDIA PORT LOUIS, MAURITIUS

÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄà ¬Ê≈¸U ‹È߸, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚àÿ◊fl ¡ÿÃ

‚¢Œ‡Ê ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∞fl¢ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ÃÕÊ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ‚¢ÿÈÄà ÃàflÊflœÊŸ ◊¥ ªÃ fl·¸ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷㟠Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ‚ •Ê∞ Á„¢UŒË ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ Ÿ •¬Ÿ ‡ÊÊœ ¬òÊ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞ Õ •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl‡fl SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÃÕÊ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ •ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ŒÍ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ •¬Ÿ ‚Ê⁄UªÁ÷¸Ã ÁfløÊ⁄U ‚Ê◊Ÿ ⁄Uπ Õ– ÿ„U •àÿ¢Ã ¬˝‚ãŸÃÊ ∑§Ê Áfl·ÿ „ÒU Á∑§ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ¬˝SÃÈà ‡ÊÊœ¬òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ◊ȤÊ Áfl‡flÊ‚ „ÒU Á∑§ “‚ê◊‹Ÿ S◊ÊÁ⁄U∑§Ê” ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ©UΔUÊ∞ ª∞ ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ¥ ∑§ ‚◊ʜʟ ∑§ ¬˝Áà „U◊¥ ‚Ãà ¡ÊªM§∑§ ∞fl¢ ¬˝ÿàŸ‡ÊË‹ ∑§⁄UÃÊ ⁄U„UªÊ– ß‚ ‚ÊÕ¸∑§ ∑§Œ◊ ∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ◊⁄UË „UÊÁŒ¸∑§ ‡ÊÈ÷∑§Ê◊ŸÊ∞°–

(•ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹)

6th Floor, L.I.C. Building, President John Kennedy Street, P.O. Box 162, Port Louis, Mauritius Tel.: (230)208 7372/208 8123 • Fax: (230) 208 8891 Email: hicom.ss@intnet.mu • Website: www.indiahighcom-mauritius.org



‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§Ëÿ

•ÊÒ⁄U ¬‚ËŸÊ ’„UÃÊ ⁄U„U...

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„U◊Ê⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄UÊ¥, ÁŸáʸÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ífl¸ª˝„UÊ¥ ‚ ◊ÈÄà •¬ŸË flÊSÃÁfl∑§ ÁSÕÁà ◊¥ ¬˝SÃÈà „UÊ ¬Ê∞°, ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ „U◊Ê⁄UË •Ê⁄U ‚ ÿ„UË ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ⁄U„UÊ Á∑§ ÿÕÊ‚¢÷fl ‚÷Ë •Ê‹πÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊Í‹ ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‡ÊÒ‹Ë ∑§Ê Ÿ ¿ÈU•Ê ¡Ê∞– ÿ •Ê‹π Á∑§‚Ë Á«Uª˝Ë ∑§Ë ¬˝ÊÁåà ∑§ Á‹∞ Ÿ„UË¥ Á‹π ª∞ „Ò¥U– Á¡Ÿ ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ÿ Á‹πÊ „ÒU, ©UŸ◊¥ ‚ •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U Sflÿ¢ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË-ÁflmÊŸ˜Ô ◊ÊŸŸ ‚ ߟ∑§Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ∑§ßÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Ê¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ÷Ë ∑ΧÁ·ÁflôÊÊŸ, ¬˝’¢œŸ, Á„¢UŒËÃ⁄U ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÁŒ ‚ •ÊÃË „ÒU– •Ÿ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê Sflÿ¢ Á∑§‚Ë ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U Ã∑§ Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹Ê, ‹Á∑§Ÿ ÿ ‚÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà •ªÊœ ‚◊¬¸áÊ ∑§ ¬˝ÃË∑§ „Ò¥U, Á¡Ÿ∑§ ÿ •Ê‹π ÷Ê·Ê-ŒˇÊÃÊ ¬˝Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ‚ ¬˝SÃÈà Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§∞ ª∞, ߟ∑§Ê äÿÿ •ÁS◊ÃÊ-¬˝ÃË∑§ ÷Ê·Ê-⁄UˇÊÊ „ÒU– ¬ÊΔU∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë ◊Ë◊Ê¢‚Ê ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ÷Ë fl„UË ⁄U„U, ÃÊ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ‚ÊÕ¸∑§ „UÊªÊ– ߟ ‚÷Ë •Ê‹πÊ¥ ‚ ªÈ Ê⁄UŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ •Ê¬∑§Ê ∞∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U •ŸÈ÷fl „UÊªÊ Á∑§ •Ê¡ ∑§Ë ÃÊ⁄UËπ ◊¥ ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ ∑§fl‹ ÿ„U Ÿ„UË¥ ⁄U„UÊ Á∑§ ß‚ ÷Ê·Ê, ß‚ •ÁS◊ÃÊ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢flœ¸Ÿ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ë ¬ÍÁø ∑§’ „UÊªË– ßÁÄUÊ‚ ‚ÊˇÊË „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ·¸ ∑§÷Ë ÷Ë ‚◊Êåà Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃ, ߟ∑§Ê ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄U„UŸÊ „UË ßŸ∑§Ê •ÁSÃàfl „ÒU– ߟ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •ÁS◊ÃÊ-⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§Ë ß‚ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥ ’„ÈUà ¬‚ËŸÊ ’„UÊ „ÒU, ’„U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§Ê ’„UÃ ⁄U„UŸÊ ÷Ë ÁŸÁ‡øà „ÒU– ‹Á∑§Ÿ •Ê¡ ∑§ß¸ SÕÊŸÊ¥ ¬⁄U ¬˝‡Ÿ ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚ ‚¢ÉÊ·¸ ∑§Ê •Ê⁄¢U÷ ∑§⁄U∑§ ÃÊ∑§Ã ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹Ë ¬ËÁ…∏UÿÊ¥ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ÄÿÊ „UÊªÊ? Á¡‚ Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§Ê flø◊ÊŸ ÷Í◊¢«U‹Ë∑Χà ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê, ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ, ßÁÄUÊ‚ ‚ ¡Ê«∏UŸ ◊¥ ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ÃʪÃ, ‚¢‚ÊœŸªÃ, ŸËÁêà ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÊ° ©Uà¬ãŸ „UÊ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U, ©U‚ ¬Ë…∏UË ◊¥ ∞‚ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÒÁŸ∑§ ∑§„UÊ° ‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑Ò§‚ ©Uà¬ãŸ Á∑§∞ ¡Ê∞°, ¡Ê •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ •ª˝¡Ê¥ ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊∑§ˇÊ ÷ÊflŸÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¬‚ËŸÊ ’„UÊÃ ⁄U„¥U– ÷Ê·Ê Ÿ„UË¥ ’ÁÀ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ·¸ ∑§ •ÁSÃàfl ¬⁄U πÃ⁄UÊ ◊¢«U⁄UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U ‚¢∑§≈U ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ◊¥ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã Á∑§∞ ª∞ ß‚ ÷ÁflcÿÊã◊Èπ ÁfløÊ⁄U “•¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚„UÿÊª fl ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞°” ∑§Ê ∑§ÁΔUŸ ¬⁄¢UÃÈ •¬Á⁄U„UÊÿ¸ Á‚h ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– •Êª ∑§Ê ‚$»§⁄U •∑§‹ Ÿ„UË¥ ø‹Ê ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ– ÿ„U •∑§Ê≈˜UÔÿ „ÒU– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ‚ÊÕ ’Ÿ ∑Ò§‚? ‚„UÿÊª ∑Ò§‚ ©Uà¬ãŸ „UÊ? ‡ÊÁÄÃÿÊ° ∞∑§¡È≈U ∑Ò§‚ „UÊ¥? ߟ ¬˝‡ŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ©UûÊ⁄U ¬ÊŸÊ •Ê‚ÊŸ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ∑ȧ¿U ©UûÊ⁄U ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ¬˝SÃÊflÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊¢Ã√ÿÊ¥ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ◊ÈπÁ⁄Uà „ÈU∞– ∑ȧ¿U Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ◊¢ø ‚ ©U÷⁄UŸ ∑§Ê Áfl‡flÊ‚ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ∑ȧ¿U •Ê¬∑§Ë ◊ŸË·Ê ‚ •¬ÁˇÊà „Ò¥U– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ê •Ê¬∑§ „UÊÕÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬„È°UøÊŸ Ã∑§ ∑§Ë ¬Í⁄UË ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „U⁄U ‚¢SÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U √ÿÁÄà Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ÃÕÊ Ÿfl-¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ªÊÕÊ •Ê¬ Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøÊŸ ∑§ ÁŸÁ◊à ◊ÊòÊ „Ò¥U– ÁŸÁ◊ûÊ ∑§ ¬˝Áà •Ê÷Ê⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ∑§⁄U∑§ ∑§Ã¸√ÿ¬ÍÁø ∑§Ê ÷˝◊ ©Uà¬ãŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ‚ ’øŸÊ øÊ„UÃÊ „Í°U– ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ flÊSÃÁfl∑§ÃÊ ÃÊ ÿ„UË „ÒU Á∑§ •Ê÷Ê⁄U ∑§ ÿÊÇÿ fl „UË „UÊ¥ª, ¡Ê ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞ ª∞ ¬˝àÿ∑§ •Ê‹π ∑§Ê ¬…∏UŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ΔUÊ‚ ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡È≈¥Uª– ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ∞‚, Á¡Ÿ‚ ÿ„U ÁŸ‡øÿ „UÊ ¬Ê∞ Á∑§ ߟ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ, ¬˝øÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢flœ¸Ÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á¬¿U‹ v}Æ fl·ÊZ Ã∑§ ¡Ê ¬‚ËŸÊ ’„UÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU, fl„U ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ ÷Ë ÁŸ⁄¢UÃ⁄U ’„UÃÊ ⁄U„U– 󪢪ʜ⁄UÁ‚¢„U ªÈ‹‡ÊŸ ‚Èπ‹Ê‹ ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„U∑§ ◊„UÊ‚Áøfl, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ‚¢ÿÊ¡∑§


•ŸÈ∑˝§◊ ÷ʪ-v — ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ‚òÊ ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹

v. ’Ë¡-flÄÃ√ÿ — ¬˝Õ◊ ÁŒfl‚

x

¬˝Õ◊ ‚òÊ — ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ w. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ x. HINDI TEACHING AND LEARNING IN MAURITIUS

üÊË ‚àÿŒfl ≈¥Uª⁄U Mr. Lutchmee Taucoory

~ vy

ÁmÃËÿ ‚òÊ — ¬Ífl˸ ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ fl ¬˝‡Êʢà ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË y. z. {. |.

Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË

üÊË◊ÃË ◊ŸË·Ê ⁄UÊ◊⁄UÄπÊ ‚ÈüÊË ©UŒËøË ¬Ê¢«Uÿ üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹Ê ◊„UÃÊ

wv w| xÆ xz

ÃÎÃËÿ ‚òÊ — •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒ ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË }. ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹ÃË ⁄UÊ◊’‹Ë ~. HINDI SHIKSHA SANGH–SOUTH AFRICA GAUTENG REGION: AN OVERVIEW

x~

Mr. Heeralall Sewnath

yw y~ zx

vÆ. Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ — ◊⁄U •ÁmÃËÿ •ŸÈ÷fl vv. ¬Á‡ø◊Ë •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË — ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊„UÊmˬ

«UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ¡⁄UÊŸË ªÊÁ’Ÿ «UÊÚ. üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢ÿÈÄÃÊ ÷ÈflŸ-⁄UÊ◊‚Ê⁄UÊ

øÃÈÕ¸ ‚òÊ — ŒÁˇÊáÊ •◊⁄UË∑§Ê ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË vw. ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË vx. Survival of Hindi in the Caribbean, the Guyana Experience

üÊË flË⁄U¡ÊŸ¢Œ •flÃÊ⁄U Ms. Varshnie Udho Singh

z~ {w

¬¢ø◊ ‚òÊ — ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ‡ÊÊœ fl ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ vy. vz. v{. v|.

◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ «UÊÚ. •‹∑§Ê œŸ¬Ã ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê «UÊÚ. ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊œÊ⁄UË ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ÃÕÊ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê üÊË œŸ¬Ê‹ ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ‚◊Êfl‡Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬⁄US¬⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U fl ‚Ȍ΅∏UË∑§⁄UáÊ” üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢äÿÊ •¢ø⁄UÊ Ê-Ÿfl‚Ê„U

|v }y }~ ~x


¿UΔUÊ ‚òÊ — $ªÒ⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË, •œ¸ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË fl Sflÿ¢ ‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U v}. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ v~. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë SflÒÁë¿U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ wÆ. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U — ‚¢SÕÊ∞° fl ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ°

üÊË ÿ¢ÃÈŒfl ’ÈœÈ «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ fl üÊË Œflfl˝Ã ‚Ë⁄Uß üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ªÁÃ

vÆv vÆz vvz

‚ÊÃflÊ° ‚òÊ — ÿÍ⁄UÊ¬ ∞fl¢ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË wv. •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ww. Teaching and Propagation of Hindi with success in Canada wx. „UÊÚ‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË

üÊË •‡ÊÊ∑§ •Ê¤ÊÊ Dr. Ratnakar Narale

üÊË ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ‡Ê◊ʸ ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ

vwv vwz vxw

•ÊΔUflÊ° ‚òÊ — Áfl‡fl ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄Uó÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê fl ÿÊªŒÊŸ wy. ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, flœÊ¸ ÁflŒ‡ÊË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑¥§º˝ ¬˝Ê. ÁøûÊ⁄U¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ wz. ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄UóÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÁà ‡Ê◊ʸ

vx~ vyx

‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ¬⁄U ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁÃflŒ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U fl ªÊ‹◊ Ê ’ÒΔU∑§ ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄U w{. ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁÃflŒ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄UÊ¢‡Ê w|. ªÊ‹◊ Ê ’ÒΔU∑§

üÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’œÈ üÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’œÈ

vy| vzz

÷ʪ-w — flÄÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬Á⁄Uøÿ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊcÔ≈˛UËÿ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ flÄÃÊ

vz~

÷ʪ-x — ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ

v|x

÷ʪ-y — ÁøòÊÊfl‹Ë


÷ʪ-v — ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ‚òÊ



v. ’Ë¡-flÄÃ√ÿ — ¬˝Õ◊ ÁŒfl‚

¡Ê

•Ê¬ Ÿ •÷Ë ‚ÈŸÊ ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ‚Ê„U’ ‚ ©U‚‚ ’„UÃ⁄U ’Ë¡flÄÃ√ÿ •’ ◊Ò¥ ÄÿÊ ŒÍ°ªÊ– ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ‚Ê„U’ Á$»§Á ÊÄ‚ ∑§ S∑§ÊÚ‹⁄U „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ •Ê¬∑§Ù ‚„UË ◊ÊÿŸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ¡Ù ⁄UÊSÃÊ ÁŒπÊ ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU ß‚ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥U‚ ∑§ Á‹∞, ◊ȤÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊Ò¥ ©U‚∑§ ™§¬⁄U ¡Ê∑§⁄U •Ê¬ ‚ ’Êà ∑§⁄U ¬Ê™°§ªÊ– ◊Ò¥ πÈŒ ÷Ë ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§Ê „UË ¿UÊòÊ „Í°U, ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ‚Ê„U’ •Ê¬ Á$»§Á ÊÄ‚ (physics) ∑§ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ◊Ò¥ å‹Ê¢≈U ’ÊÿÙ-≈UÄŸÙ‹ÊÚ¡Ë (Plant Bio-Technology) ∑§Ê „Í°U– •’ ŒπÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ ŒÙŸÙ¥ ∑§Ê ◊‹ „UÙ∑§⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ù ∑§„UÊ° ¬„È°UøÊÃÊ „ÒU– ◊Ò¥ ’Ë¡-flÄÃ√ÿ ŒŸ ∑§ ŸÊ ÃÙ ∑§ÊÁ’‹ „Í°U •ı⁄U ŸÊ ©U‚ ’Êà ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ •Ê¬∑§Ù ‚◊Õ¸ ◊ÊŸÃÊ „Í°U ‹Á∑§Ÿ •Ê¬‚ ’ÊÃøËà ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊ„Í°UªÊ Á∑§ •ÊÁπ⁄U ÿ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥U‚ ÄÿÙ¥ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U, ÿ „U◊¥ Á∑§‚ Ã⁄U$»§ ‹ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU– flÙ ÷Ë ÄÿÙ¥, ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ ◊Ò¥ ∞‚Ë ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥U‚ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ‚Ê‹Ù¥ ‚ ¡È«∏UÊ „ÈU•Ê „Í°U– ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑§ •Ê¬ ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U ◊Ò¥ Á«U$»§⁄¥U≈U ∞¢’‚Ë Ê (different embassies) ◊¥ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UÃÊ •ÊÿÊ „Í°U •ı⁄U ◊Ò¥Ÿ S∑§ÊÚ‹‚¸ ∑§Ù ’Êà ∑§⁄UÃ ‚ÈŸÊ „ÒU– ◊⁄UË •¬ŸË S∑§ÊÚ‹⁄UÁ‡Ê¬ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ◊Ò¥ ∞∑§ ∑§ÿ⁄U$»È§‹ Á‹SŸ⁄U (careful listener) ∑§ Ãı⁄U ¬⁄U flÙ ‚÷Ë ’ÊÃ¥ ◊⁄U •¢Œ⁄U ‚◊Ê ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– Á◊òÊÊ¥ ◊⁄U ™§¬⁄U ‚ ∑§‹ ∑§Ê Ÿ‡ÊÊ •÷Ë ¬Í⁄UË Ã⁄U„U ‚ Ÿ„UË¥ ©UÃ⁄UÊ „ÒU, ¬ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ •Ê¬ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ◊¥ ‚ Á∑§ÃŸ ∑§‹ fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U ’ÒΔU „ÈU∞ Õ, ÃÙ flÙ ¡Ù •Ê¬Ÿ ¡ ’Ê ŒπÊ, •Ê¬Ÿ ∑§‹ ¡Ù åÿÊ⁄U ŒπÊ, Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‹∞ •÷Ë ©U‚∑§Ê, ¡Ò‚ ∑§„UÃ „Ò¥U „Ò¥Uª•Ùfl⁄U (hangover) ø‹ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU ÃÙ ◊⁄UÊ ÷Ë ÁŒ◊ʪ ©U‚ ‹fl‹ (level) ¬ ÉÊÍ◊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– •ª⁄U ◊Ò¥ •Ê¬ ∑§Ù flʬ‚ ∑§‹ ◊¥ ‹ ¡Ê™°§ ÃÙ •Ê¬Ÿ ⁄UÊc≈˛U¬Áà ¡Ë ∑§Ê flÄÃ√ÿ ‚ÈŸÊ, Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊË ∑§Ù ‚ÈŸÊ, øÍŸË ¡Ë ∑§Ù ‚ÍŸÊ, ©U‚◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ’Êà ◊ȤÊ ¿ÍU ªß¸ •ı⁄U ◊Ò¥Ÿ ‚ÙøÊ Á∑§ ∞‚Ê ÄÿÙ¥ ∑§„UÊ, ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ ©U‚Ë ’Êà ∑§Ù ◊Ò¥ ¬„U‹ ÷Ë ‚ÈŸ øÍ∑§Ê „Í°U •ı⁄U ©U‚∑§ ™§¬⁄U Á«US∑§‡ÊŸ (discussion) fl Á«U’≈U (debate) ÷Ë ‚ÈŸ øÈ∑§Ê „Í°U– ¡’ ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ªß¸ ÃÙ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ªß¸, „U◊¥ ‡ÊÈM§ ◊¥ ÿ ’Êà ‚◊¤Ê ◊¥ Ÿ„UË¥ •ÊÃË ÕË Á∑§

÷Ê·Ê ªß¸ ÃÙ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ªß¸! „U◊¥ ¬ÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ÃÙ ∞∑§ ’„ÈUà ’«∏UÊ ‚ʪ⁄U „ÒU •ı⁄U ÷Ê·Ê ©U‚◊¥ ¡ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ∞∑§ ŸŒË ◊ÊŸ ‹ËÁ¡∞ ÿÊ ©U‚∑§Ê Á„US‚Ê ◊ÊŸ ‹ËÁ¡∞– •ª⁄U ∞∑§ Á„US‚Ê ∑§≈U ¡Ê∞ ÃÙ ‚ʪ⁄U ∑§Ù ÄÿÊ ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ „UÙ ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU? ¬„U‹ ¡’ „U◊ ÿ¢ª (young) Õ ÃÙ „U◊¥ ‹ªÃÊ ÕÊ Á∑§ ∞‚ ÄÿÙ¥ ∑§„UÃ „Ò¥U? ÃÙ ŒÙSÃÊ¥ ¡Ò‚ Á∑§ •Ê¬ ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥Uó◊Ò¥ ∞∑§ Á«Uå‹Ù◊Ò≈U (Diplomat) „Í°U •ı⁄U ÃËŸ ‚Ê‹Ù¥ ‚ ◊Ò¥ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ÷⁄U ◊¥ ßœ⁄U-©Uœ⁄U ÉÊÍ◊Ê „Í°U, ÷≈U∑§Ê „Í°U– ◊Ò¥Ÿ ‹ÒÁ≈UŸ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê (Latin America) ◊¥ ÷Ë ’„ÈUà ‚◊ÿ Á’ÃÊÿÊ, ÿÍ⁄UÙ¬ ◊¥ ÷Ë ‚◊ÿ Á’ÃÊÿÊ •ı⁄U ∑§ß¸ ¡ª„UÙ¥ ◊¥ ‚◊ÿ Á’ÃÊÿÊ ÃÙ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ¡Ù ŒπÊ •ı⁄U ¡Ù ‹Ò¥Çfl¡ Ê (languages) ‚ËπË, ◊Ò¥Ÿ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê ßÁÄUÊ‚, „U◊Ê⁄U ª˝¢Õ, ©UŸ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ •¢ª˝ ÊË ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬…∏UÊ, S¬ÒÁŸ‡Ê ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬…∏UÊ •ı⁄U ∑§ß¸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ù¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬…∏UÊ– ’„ÈUà ‚È¢Œ⁄U Á‹πÊ „ÒU ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ‹Á∑§Ÿ flÙ ’Êà Ÿ„UË¥ ’ŸÃË– ߟ »Ò§Ä≈U, ◊Ò¥ •Ê¬∑§Ù ’ÃÊÃÊ „ÍU° Á∑§ ◊Ò¥ ∞∑§ ’„ÈUà »$ § ◊‚ ◊ÁÄ‚∑§Ÿ •ÊÚÕ⁄U (famous Mexican author) ∑§ ¬Ê‚ ªÿÊ, ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ∞∑§ øÒå≈U⁄U (chapter) Á‹πÊ „ÒU ‚È¢Œ⁄U∑§Ê¢«U ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÃÙ „U◊Ÿ ©U‚∑§Ù ¬…∏UÊ •ı⁄U flÙ •Ê¬∑§ ÁŒ‹ ∑§Ù ¿ÍU ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ •Ê¬ ÃÈ‹‚Ë ∑Χà ¬…∏U ‹ËÁ¡∞– flÙ ’Êà ’Ÿ „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ¬ÊÃË „ÒU! ŒÁπ∞ ∞∑§ ’Êà „UÙÃË „ÒUó∑§Àø⁄U (culture) ∑§Ê ∞Ä‚¬˝‡ÊŸ (expression) •ı⁄U ∞∑§ ’Êà „UÙÃË „ÒUó∑§Àø⁄U (culture) ∑§Ë ‚◊¤Ê– ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ∞Ä‚¬˝‡ÊŸ (expression) ÃÙ •Ê¬ ¬∑§«∏U ‹¥ª Á’ŸÊ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‹Á∑§Ÿ •Ê¬ ©U‚∑§Ë ‚◊¤Ê, ©U‚∑§Ë ¡«U∏ ∑§Ù Ÿ„UË¥ ¬∑§«∏U ¬Ê∞°ª– „U◊Ÿ ’„ÈUà ‚ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ŒπÊóÁ’ŸÊ Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§ “∑§Õ∑§” ÷Ë ∑§⁄U ‹Ã „Ò¥U, “÷⁄UßÊàÿ◊” ÷Ë ∑§⁄U ‹Ã „Ò¥U, “ŒÊ¢ÁŒÿÊ” ÷Ë ∑§⁄U ‹Ã „Ò¥U, “⁄UÊœÊ-∑ΧcáÊ” ∑§ ªËÃÙ¥ ¬⁄U ÷Ë ŸÃ-ŸÊÁ≈U∑§Ê ÷Ë ∑§⁄U ‹Ã „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©U‚ ’Êà ∑§Ù ¬∑§«∏U Ÿ„UË¥ ¬ÊÃ Á∑§ ∑§⁄U ÄÿÊ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U ÃÙ ¡’ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ‚ÙøÊ ÃÙ ◊ȤÊ ‹ªÊ Á∑§ ÿ ’Êà ∑§„UË „ÒU, ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê •‚‹Ë ◊Ë’ ÿ„UË „ÒU Á∑§ •Ê¬∑§Ù ¬ÃÊ ÷Ë

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÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë Ã∑§ ‹ ¡ÊŸÊ, ∞∑§ •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë ©U‚ ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ∑¢§$»§≈¸U’‹ (comfortable) „ÒU ÿÊ Ÿ„UË¥, ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ⁄UπŸÊ •ı⁄U ¡’ fl„U ©U‚◊¥ ∑¢§$»§≈¸U’‹ (comfortable) „ÒU ÃÙ ©U‚ ßSÃ◊Ê‹ ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ©U‚∑§Ù ªfl¸ „UÙÃÊ „ÒU ÿÊ Ÿ„UË¥? If you do not feel pride in what you are doing, •Ê¬ ©U‚∑§Ù ÿÊŒÊ Œ⁄U Ã∑§ ’øÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ‚∑§Ã– ©U‚∑§ ¬Ë¿U •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡Ù ªfl¸ „ÒU, ©U‚ ªfl¸ ∑§Ê „UÙŸÊ ÊM§⁄UË „ÒU– ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë Ã∑§ ‹ ¡ÊŸÊ Á‚¢¬‹ «U‹Ë ÿÍ‚ ◊Õ«˜U‚ ‚ ©U‚∑§ ¡Ù ∞Á‹◊¥≈˜U‚ „Ò¥U, ©U‚ ¬⁄U äÿÊŸ ŒŸÊ– ŒÁπ∞, ◊Ò¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ’Ù‹ ⁄U„UÊ „Í°U ‹Á∑§Ÿ Áπø«∏UË ÷Ë ’ŸÊ ⁄U„UÊ „Í°U ¬⁄U ©U‚‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊⁄UÊ åÿÊ⁄U ∑§◊ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÙ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U ‚◊¤ÊŸÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ÿ ’Êà •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë Ã∑§ ‹ ¡ÊŸË „ÒU •ı⁄U ©U‚∑§ •¢Œ⁄U flÙ ªfl¸ ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÒU– •÷Ë ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ‚Ê„U’ Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ¬˝Êß◊ Á◊ÁŸS≈U⁄U ¡„UÊ° ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U, fl„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ’Ù‹Ã „Ò¥U, ©UŸ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ‚ÈŸË „ÒU •Ê¬Ÿ, ’„ÈUà „UË ‚ËœË-‚ÊœË Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ßSÃ◊Ê‹ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚ËÁ‹∞ ¡’ ÷Ë fl ∞∑§ flÊÄÿ ’Ù‹Ã „Ò¥U ÃÙ ‹Ùª π«∏U „UÙ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ÃÊÁ‹ÿÊ° ’¡ÊŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄U ŒÃ „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§Ù fl ‚◊¤Ê ¬ÊÃ „Ò¥U– •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ∑§Ù ©U‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚ÊÕ •Êß«¥UÁ≈U$»§Êß (identify) ∑§⁄U ¬ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ŒÁπ∞, ÿ ’„ÈUà ’«∏UÊ ◊ȌԘŒÊ „ÒU, „U◊ ß‚ •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄Uπ¥– S∑§ÊÚ‹⁄UÁ‡Ê¬ ∑§Ê •¬ŸÊ ◊„Uàfl „ÒU– ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑§ •Ê¬Ÿ ŒπÊ Á∑§ flÙ ∞∑§ ¬Ù‹ S≈UÊ⁄U „UÙÃÊ „ÒU, •’ ©U‚ ŒπÃ-ŒπÃ ÃÊ ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ ∑§Ù߸ Ÿ„UË¥ ¡ÊÃÊ ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©U‚∑§Ù ŒπÃ-ŒπÃ „U⁄U •ÊŒ◊Ë •¬ŸË ⁄UÊ„U ÊM§⁄U ¬∑§«∏U ‹ÃÊ „ÒU– ÃÙ S∑§ÊÚ‹⁄UÁ‡Ê¬ fl„UË ¬Ù‹ S≈UÊ⁄U „ÒU, flÙ ’ŸÊ ⁄U„UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– „U◊ ‹Ùª ¡Ù ŸÊfl ‹∑§⁄U ÉÊÍ◊Ã „Ò¥U, „U◊¥ ¬Ù‹ ¬⁄U ÕÙ«∏U „UË ¡ÊŸÊ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¬Ù‹ S≈UÊ⁄U „ÒU, fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U, Á¡‚ Œπ∑§⁄U •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ‚ËœÊ ⁄UÊSÃÊ ¬∑§«∏U ‹Ã „Ò¥U– •’ ¡Ù Á«U$»§⁄¥U≈U ‹flÀ‚ „Ò¥U, S∑§ÊÚ‹⁄UÁ‡Ê¬ ∑§ ©UŸ ‹flÀ‚ ∑§Ù „U◊¥ ‚◊¤ÊŸÊ „ÒU •ı⁄U ÿ„U ∞Ä‚å≈U ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ Á∑§ „U⁄U •ÊŒ◊Ë ¬Ù‹ ¬⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ ¡Ê∞ ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©U‚ ©U‚∑§Ë ÊM§⁄Uà „ÒU–

Ÿ„UË¥ ø‹ÃÊ Á∑§ •Ê¬∑§ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑§ ŸËø ‚ Ê◊ËŸ ∑Ò§‚ Á»§‚‹ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ÿ ’Êà ◊ȤÊ ÿÊŒ ÁŒ‹ÊÃË „ÒU ¡’ ◊Ò¥ Á¬¿U‹Ë ’Ê⁄U flÀ«¸U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥U‚ (World Hindi Conference) ◊¥ ¡Ù„UÊã‚’ª¸ ◊¥ ªÿÊ ÃÙ fl„UÊ° ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ∑§Ë ¬ÊÒòÊË, ß‹Ê ªÊ¢œË, ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ∞∑§ ∞Ä‚¬˝‡ÊŸ (expression) ÁŒÿÊ, ’Ù‹ó““ÿ ¡Ù ‚¢S∑ΧÁà „ÒU, flÙ ◊È≈˜UÔΔUË ◊¥ ÷⁄UË ⁄Uà ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„U „UÙÃË „ÒU, ÿ ⁄Uà œË⁄U-œË⁄U Áπ‚∑§ÃÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU •ı⁄U •Ê¬∑§Ù ¬ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ø‹ÃÊ, •Ê¬ ‚ÙøÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ ◊È≈˜UÔΔUË ◊¥ ¬∑§«∏U „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ¡’ ∑ȧ¿U ‚◊ÿ ∑§ ’ÊŒ •Ê¬ ◊È≈˜UÔΔUË πÙ‹Ã „Ò¥U ÃÙ ŒπÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ ◊È≈˜UÔΔUË ÃÙ πÊ‹Ë „UÙ ªß¸ „ÒU •ı⁄U ÃÙ ¬Í⁄UË Ã⁄U„U ‚ ∑§ÊÚÁ㻧«¥U≈U (confident) „ÒU Á∑§ ©U‚ ¬∑§«U∏ ⁄UπË „ÒU •ı⁄U ÿ Á»§‚‹ ªß¸””– •Ê߸ ÁÕ¢∑§ (I think) ÷Ê·Ê flÙ øË Ê „ÒU, ¡Ù ◊È≈˜UÔΔUË ◊¥ ¡Ù Œ⁄UÊ⁄¥U „ÒU, Á¡‚◊¥ ‚ ⁄Uà Áπ‚∑§ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU, ©UŸ Œ⁄UÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷⁄U∑§⁄U ⁄UπÃË „Ò¥U– ß‚ËÁ‹∞ •Ê¬∑§Ù •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ’„ÈUà ’«U∏Ê S∑§ÊÚ‹⁄U „UÙŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ß‚∑§Ë ¬∑§«∏U „UÙŸË ¡M§⁄UË „ÒU– ÷Ê·Ê øË¡ ÄÿÊ „ÒU? ÷Ê·Ê ÃÙ ¡ËflŸ ‚ ÃÊÀ‹È∑§ ⁄UπÃË „ÒU– „U◊ ÉÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑§ Á∑§øŸ (kitchen), «˛UÊߢª-M§◊ (drawing room) «UÊßÁŸ¢ª M§◊ (dining room) ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©U‚∑§Ë ¡Ù ◊Í‹ ¡«∏U „ÒU, ©U‚ ‚◊¤ÊŸÊ ÊM§⁄UË „ÒU •ı⁄U ß‚Ë fl¡„U ‚ ß‚ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥U‚ ∑§Ê ¡Ù ◊„Uàfl „ÒU, flÙ ’…∏U ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¡Ò‚ ∑§‹ „U◊Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ { ‚ı Á◊Á‹ÿŸ ‹Ùª Á„¢UŒË ’Ù‹Ã „Ò¥U ÃÙ ∞‚Ê ∑§ıŸ ‚Ê πÃ⁄UÊ ◊¢«U⁄UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU, ∑§„UË¥ Ÿ„UË¥ ¡Ê∞ªË– ◊ȤÊ ¬Í⁄UÊ ÷⁄UÙ‚Ê „ÒU Á∑§ ÿ ’…∏UÃË ¡Ê∞ªË– ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊ȤÊ ∑§Ù߸ ‡Ê∑§ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– •Ê¡ ‹Ùª ÿÊŒÊ Á„¢UŒË ’Ù‹Ã „Ò¥U, ©U‚ ÿÊŒÊ ‚ÈŸÃ „Ò¥U– ∞‚Ê ÄÿÙ¥? ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ù œË⁄U-œË⁄U „U◊ ‹ÙªÙ¥ Ÿ •¬ŸË ŒÒÁŸ∑§ ÷ÊcÊÊ ’ŸÊ ‹Ë „ÒU– •’ ŒÁπ∞ Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù ¡ËÁflà ⁄UπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ª⁄U •Ê¬ ©U‚∑§Ù ߟ‚ÊŸË ¡ËflŸ ‚ ‚ËœÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ¡Ù«∏U ¬Ê∞°ª ÃÙ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù Á¡ÃŸÊ ’øÊŸ ∑§Ë ∑§ÙÁ‡Ê‡Ê ∑§⁄¥Uª flÙ ’ø Ÿ„UË¥ ¬Ê∞ªË, ∞‚Ê ÄÿÊ ∑§⁄¥U Á∑§ ÿ ¬∑§«∏U ’ŸË ⁄U„U– ‹Ùª •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ß‚∑§Ë Ã⁄U$»§ Áπ¢ø •Ê∞° •ı⁄U ©Uã„¥U πË¥øŸ ∑§Ë ÊM§⁄Uà Ÿ ¬«∏U–

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∑§⁄¥Uª ÃÙ ©U‚◊¥ ¬˝ÒÁÄ≈U∑§‹ ‚‹Í‡Ê¢‚ π«∏U ⁄U„¥U– ¡Ò‚ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ∑§„UÊ ¬Ù‹ S≈UÊ⁄U, ¬Ù‹ ◊¥ ÃÙ ∑§Ù߸ Ÿ„UË¥ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©U‚ Œπ∑§⁄U ⁄UÊSÃ ∑§Ê ¬ÃÊ ø‹ÃÊ „ÒU ¡Ù •Ê¬∑§ ∑§Ê◊ •ÊÃÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬ ¬˝ÒÁÄ≈U∑§‹ ‚‹Í‡Ê¢‚ ∞¢«U ‚¡‡ÊŸ Œ¥ Á¡‚‚ Á∑§ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ù •Êª ’…∏UÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§– •’ ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ ÿ„U ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥U‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ „UÙ ⁄U„UË „ÒU, ¡Ò‚ ∑§‹ ’Êà „ÈU߸, ’Ë¡ ÃÙ Á∑§‚Ë ∑§ ¬Ê‚ „UÙ ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU, Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë Á◊≈UÔ˜≈UË ◊¥ «UÊ‹Ê ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ „U⁄U Á◊≈UÔ˜≈UË ◊¥ ’Ë¡ ©UªÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥– ÃÙ ÿ flÙ Á◊≈UÔ˜≈UË „ÒU, ¡„UÊ° ÿ ’Ë¡ »Í§≈U∑§ »Í§‹ •ı⁄U »§‹ ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄U ŒªÊ– ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U fl øË Ê¥ „Ò¥U Á„¢UŒË fl ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ‚ ÃÊÀ‹È∑§ ⁄UπŸflÊ‹Ë ¡Ù •Ê¬ Œπ¥ª Á∑§ •Ê¬∑§ Á’ŸÊ ¡ÊŸ •Ê¬∑§ ™§¬⁄U •‚⁄U ∑§⁄U ¡Ê∞°ªË •ı⁄U •Ê¬∑§Ù ◊ŒŒ ∑§⁄UªË ߟ øË ÊÙ¥ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‚ÙøŸ ∑§ Á‹∞– •Ê¬ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ◊¥ ’ÒΔU „Ò¥U, ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ÃÙ •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ „UË ∞∑§ ‹Ò¥«U◊Ê∑¸§ „ÒU ߟ øË ÊÙ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞– ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ë ’Êà ∑§⁄¥U ÿÊ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë, ¡Ù ∑§Ê◊ ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU, ∞‚Ë ‚¢SÕÊ ‡ÊÊÿŒ „UË •Ê¬∑§Ù ∑§„UË¥ •ı⁄U Á◊‹ªË– ◊Ò¥ •Ê¬‚ Œ⁄UÅflÊSà ∑§M°§ªÊ Á∑§ ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ß‚ ¬⁄U ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU, ©U‚∑§ ™§¬⁄U ÊM§⁄U S≈U«UË ∑§⁄¥U– ÁŒÀ‹Ë ‚ „U◊Ê⁄UË ∞∑§ ≈UË◊ •Ê߸ ÃÙ ÕË ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ∑§Ë ◊ŒŒ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á∑§ ≈UËÁø¢ª ◊≈UÁ⁄Uÿ‹ ∑Ò§‚ ’ŸÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞ •ı⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ‚ ◊ŒŒ ‹∑§⁄U flʬ‚ ø‹ ª∞– ÃÙ ÿ„U ÊM§⁄U äÿÊŸ ŒËÁ¡∞ªÊ Á∑§ ÿ„UÊ° ÄÿÊ „UÙ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU, ÄÿÊ øË Ê •Ê¬∑§ ∑§Ê◊ •Ê ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU •ı⁄U ©U‚ Á∑§‚ Ã⁄U„U ‚ •«ÒUå≈U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– Ã٠ߟ ‡ÊéŒÙ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ◊Ò¥ Á»§⁄U ‚ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U •Ê¬ ‚’∑§Ê Sflʪà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Í°U, •Ê¬∑§Ù ‡ÊÈ÷∑§Ê◊ŸÊ∞° ŒÃÊ „Í°U •ı⁄U ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê ÷⁄UÙ‚Ê ⁄Uπ∑§⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ‚ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „Í°U Á∑§ ߟ ‚flÊ‹Ù¥ ∑§ ¡flÊ’ •Ê¬ ÊM§⁄U …Í°U…∏U ‹¥ª– œãÿflÊŒ–

•’ „U◊¥ ÿ„U ‚◊¤ÊŸÊ „ÒU Á∑§ „U⁄U •ÊŒ◊Ë ©U‚Ë S∑§ÊÚ‹⁄UÁ‡Ê¬ ‹fl‹ ¬⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ ¬„È°UøÃÊ „ÒU ÃÙ ß‚ Á«U$»§⁄¥U≈U ‹flÀ‚ ¬⁄U „U◊¥ ß‚ ≈˛UË≈U ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UªÊ– „U⁄U ‹fl‹ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ù •«ÒUå≈U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ŒÁπ∞– •’ ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ∑§Ê ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ∑¢§≈˛UËéÿ͇ʟ (contribution) ŒÁπ∞– ¡Ù ÷Ê·Ê ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ‚ ¡È«∏UË ⁄U„UªË, ’ëø ©U‚Ë ∑§Ù ¬…∏¥Uª– ¡Ù ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ‚ ¿ÍU≈U ¡Ê∞ªË, •Êª ∑§Ë ¬ËÁ…∏UÿÊ° ©U‚ ¬∑§«U∏ Ÿ„UË¥ ¬Ê∞°ªË– ¡Ò‚-¡Ò‚ ‚Ù‚Êß≈UË ßflÊÚÀfl ∑§⁄UªË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù ÷Ë ©U‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ ßflÊÚÀfl ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UªÊ– •¬ŸË ¡«U∏ ∑§Ù ¬∑§«∏U ⁄UÁπ∞ ¬⁄U •¬Ÿ ¬ûÊÙ¥ ∑§Ù $»˝§Ë«U◊ ŒËÁ¡∞ „UflÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á„U‹Ÿ ∑§Ë– ß‚ËÁ‹∞ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ⁄UπŸÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ¡Ù ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë •Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU, ©U‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ ©U‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù ¬Í⁄UË Ã⁄U„U ‚ ¡Ù«∏U Œ¥– ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ ◊Ò¥ •Ê¬∑§Ù ’ÃÊÃÊ „Í°Uó◊Ò¥ ÃÙ ¡◊¸ŸË ◊¥ ÕÊ, fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U ‹Ùª ∑§„UÃ Õ Á∑§ •Ê¬ „U◊Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ ◊¥ ◊ŒŒ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– „U◊Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ •⁄U •Ê¬∑§Ù Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ ∑§Ê ÄÿÊ ‡Êı∑§ ø…∏U ªÿÊ •ı⁄U flÙ ◊Ò¥ ’«∏UË-’«∏UË ◊ÁÀ≈UŸ‡Ò ÊŸ‹ ∑¢§¬ŸË Ê (multinational companies) ∑§Ë ’Êà ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „Í°U– ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ∑§„UÊ, ‚Ê„U’ •ª⁄U „U◊¥ v.w Á’Á‹ÿŸ ◊Ê∑¸§≈U ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÒU ÃÙ •Ê¬∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ‚ËπŸË „UË „U٪˖ ß‚∑§Ê ◊Ë’ ÿ „ÒU Á∑§ •ª⁄U „U◊ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù ¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ‚ Ÿ„UË¥ ¡Ù«∏¥Uª ÃÙ ÷Ê·Ê ‚ •∑§‹ ¬≈U Ÿ„UË¥ ÷⁄UªÊ– ÿ ŒπŸÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù ∑Ò§‚ ¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ‚ ÿÊŒÊ ‚ ÿÊŒÊ ¡Ù«∏U ¬Ê∞°– •Ê߸ ∞◊ ‡ÿÊ⁄U, ◊Ò¥Ÿ ¡Ù ’Êà ∑§„UË, ∑§Ù߸ Ÿß¸ ÿÊ ’«∏UË ’Êà Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË ‹Á∑§Ÿ „U⁄U ’Ê⁄U ©U‚ ŒÈ„U⁄UÊŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ ÃÊÁ∑§ ◊È≈˜UÔΔUË ‚ ⁄Uà Á»§‚‹ Ÿ ¡Ê∞– ’Ê⁄U-’Ê⁄U ◊È≈˜UÔΔUË πÙ‹∑§⁄U ŒπŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ Á∑§ fl„U „ÒU ÿÊ Ÿ„UË¥– •Ê¬ ‹Ùª •ª‹ ŒÙ ÁŒŸ Á◊‹¥ª ÃÙ ßã„UË¥ ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÙ¥ ¬⁄U øøʸ ∑§⁄¥Uª •ı⁄U ◊ȤÊ ¬Í⁄UË ©Uê◊ËŒ „ÒU Á∑§ ¡Ù ’ÊÃ¥ ◊Ò¥Ÿ •Ê¬∑§Ù ‚ÈŸË-‚ÈŸÊ߸ ∑§„UË¥, ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ ◊Ò¥ ÃÙ S∑§ÊÚ‹⁄U „Í°U „UË Ÿ„UË¥, Á∑¢§ÃÈ S∑§ÊÚ‹‚¸ ∑§Ù ‚ÈŸ∑§⁄U ∑§„U ⁄U„UÊ „Í°U ÃÙ ÊM§⁄U ∑ȧ¿U-Ÿ-∑ȧ¿U ÃÙ „U٪ʖ •Ê¬∑§Ù ©UŸ ◊ȌԘŒÙ¥ ∑§Ù ’«∏UË „UÙÁ‡ÊÿÊ⁄UË ‚ ¬∑§«∏U∑§⁄U •¢Ã ◊¥ ¡’ •Ê¬ ⁄U ʋ͇ʢ‚ «˛ÒUç≈U

◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ȌԘª‹ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄÃ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ

5



¬˝Õ◊ ‚òÊ — ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ



w. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ üÊË ‚àÿŒfl ≈¥ª⁄U ∑ȧ‹Ë Á‡ÊÁfl⁄UÊ¥ ‚ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ Ã∑§ ∑§Ê ‚»§⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ “∑ȧ‹Ë” ∑§„U ¡ÊŸ flÊ‹ ¬˝Õ◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‡Êø’¢Œ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄U ¡’ ¬„U‹Ë ’Ê⁄U ‡ÊÄ∑§⁄U-•À¬ÃÊ¢ÁòÊ∑§ ªÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ πÃÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬‚ËŸÊ ’„UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÿ„UÊ° ‹Ê∞ ª∞ ÃÊ •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ ∞∑§ ∞∑§◊ÊòÊ Áfl⁄UÊ‚Ã ‹Ê∞ fl„U ÕËó©UŸ∑§Ê œ◊¸, ©UŸ∑§Ë ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê∞°– ÿ ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ∞° v~flË¥ ‚ŒË ∑§ ◊äÿ Ã∑§, ∞∑§ ¬Ë…∏UË ‚ ŒÍ‚⁄UË ¬Ë…∏UË Ã∑§ ◊ÊÒÁπ∑§ M§¬ ‚ ¬„È°UøÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË ⁄U„UË¥, •ÊÁπ⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ¡’ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ¡ÊªM§∑§ÃÊ ’…∏UŸ ‹ªË– Ã’ ‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë „ÒUÁ‚ÿà ‚ ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê S∑ͧ‹Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ¬Í⁄UË ◊ÊãÿÃÊ Á◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ vÆÆ ‚Ê‹ •ÊÒ⁄U Ã⁄U„U-Ã⁄U„U ∑§Ë ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑§ ∞fl¢ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ¬Ò⁄UflË ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ¬«∏UË– •Ê¡ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ‚ÊÕ‚ÊÕ •ãÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° Ÿ ∑§fl‹ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U •Á¬ÃÈ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∞fl¢ ©Uëø SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U ÷Ë »§‹-»Í§‹ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ¥ ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§M°§, ß‚‚ ¬„U‹ ◊Ò¥ •Ê¬∑§Ê ©U‚ ‹¢’ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÈ—‚Êäÿ S◊ÎÁÃ¬Õ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚⁄U‚⁄UË ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UÊÃÊ „Í°U Á¡‚¬⁄U ø‹∑§⁄U •Ê¡ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∞fl¢ ©Uëø-Á‡ÊˇÊÊ SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U ÃÕÊ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ß‚ ◊È∑§Ê◊ ¬⁄U ¬„È°UøË „ÒU–

∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ‚◊¤ÊË– ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ⁄UÊÖÿ¬Ê‹Ê¥ Ÿ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U Ÿ ∑§fl‹ •¬ŸË Áø¢ÃÊ √ÿÄà ∑§Ë •Á¬ÃÈ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ $»Ò§‚‹ ÷Ë Á‹∞ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ê S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ∞fl¢ Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ÷Ê·Ê ¬⁄U ª„U⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ⁄UªÊ◊Ë ¬˝÷Êfl ¬«∏UÊ– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ Áø¢ÁÃà ⁄UÊÖÿ¬Ê‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ŒÊ ŸÊ◊ ©UÀ‹πŸËÿ „Ò¥U — fl „Ò¥UóÁ„UÁǪ¢‚Ÿ (¡Ê z ‚Ê‹ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ Á’ÃÊŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ v}}z ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê∞ Õ) •ÊÒ⁄U $»§Êÿ⁄U– $»§Êÿ⁄U ◊„UÊŒÿ ¡’ v}|} ◊¥ Œ‡Ê ‚ ⁄UflÊŸÊ „ÈU∞ ÃÊ ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ÿ„UÊ° z S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ– ÿlÁ¬ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê·Ê-ŸËÁà ∑§Ê ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ v~flË¥ ‚ŒË ∑§ •¢Ã Ã∑§ ’ÃʸÁŸÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚È‹¤ÊÊ ÁŒÿÊ-‚Ê ‹ªÃÊ ÕÊ, Á»§⁄U ÷Ë wÆflË¥ ‚ŒË ◊¥ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ¡Ê ÁflÁ÷㟠‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ©UÕ‹-¬ÈÕ‹ „ÈU߸, fl ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝ÁÃcΔUÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ‚¢’¢œË ∑§ß¸ ¤Êª«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¡«∏U ‚ÊÁ’à „ÈU߸– ∞∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ fl∑§Ë‹, ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ v~Æ~ ◊¥, •ÊÒ⁄U ’ÊŒ ◊¥ ◊„UÊ⁄UÊ¡ Á‚¢„U mÊ⁄UÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥, ◊ÈÅÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë üÊáÊË ◊¥, ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë Á‚πÊ∞ ¡ÊŸ ∑§Ê •Êª˝„U Á∑§∞ ¡ÊŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ, v~xz Ã∑§ •ÊÃ-•ÊÃ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ‹ª÷ª y} ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ∞fl¢ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U-‚◊Áոà ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊŸ ‹ªË ÕË¥– v}yv flÊ‹Ë •¬ŸË Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U ◊¥ ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§, «UÊÚ. $»˝Ò¥§∑§ flÊ«¸U Ÿ, Ÿ ∑§fl‹ ߟ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ¬…∏UÊ∞ ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U •Ê¬ÁûÊ ∑§Ë ÕË, •Á¬ÃÈ ÿ„U ÷Ë ‚‹Ê„U ŒË ÕË Á∑§ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ߟ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê πø¸ ©UΔUÊŸÊ ’¢Œ ∑§⁄U Œ– ÃÈ⁄¢Uà «UÊÚ. Á‡Êfl‚ʪ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊ªÈ‹Ê◊, «UÊÚ. flÊ«¸U ∑§ ß‚ ŒÎÁc≈U∑§ÊáÊ ∑§ ÁflL§h «U≈U∑§⁄U π«∏U „UÊ ª∞– ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ◊¥ ¡’⁄UŒSà ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ Œ’Êfl ∑§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬ ÿ„U ÁŸáʸÿ Á‹ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ Ÿ ∑§fl‹ ߟ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ Ã∑§ »Ò§‹Ê ŒË ¡Ê∞, •Á¬ÃÈ ßŸ∑§ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÷Ë ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ÷Ê·Ê߸ ◊Ã÷Œ ∑§Ë ß‚Ë ¬ÎcΔU÷ÍÁ◊ ◊¥, v~y|, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥

∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ¬ÎcΔU÷ÍÁ◊ $»˝§Ê¢‚Ë‚Ë ©U¬ÁŸfl‡Ê ∑§Ê‹ (v|xÆ-v}vÆ) ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÕË „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ŒÊ‚Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡Ê ‹Ê∑§÷Ê·Ê ¬˝øÁ‹Ã ÕË, fl„U $»˝§ø, ◊‹ÊªÊ‚Ë •ÊÒ⁄U •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë ’ÊÁ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ Á◊‹Êfl≈U ÕË ¡Ê •Ê¡ “Á∑˝§ÿÊ‹” ŸÊ◊ ‚ ¡ÊŸË ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– $»˝§Ê¢‚Ë‚Ë ©U¬ÁŸfl‡Ê ∑§ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ¡Ê ‹Êª ÿ„UÊ° ‹Ê∞ ª∞, fl •Ê◊ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬¢Á«Uø⁄UË ∑§, ¡Ê ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ »$ §˝ Ê¢‚Ë‚Ë ©U¬ÁŸfl‡Ê ÕÊ, ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ ∑§Ê⁄U˪⁄U Õ– ߟ◊¥ •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ÃÁ◊‹ Õ– ÷Ê⁄UË ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥, ◊ÈÅÿ× ©UûÊ⁄U-¬˝Œ‡Ê •ÊÒ⁄U Á’„UÊ⁄U ‚, “∑ȧÁ‹ÿÊ¥” ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ◊¥ ∞∑§ Ÿß¸ ÷Ê·Ê߸ ªÁÇÊË‹ÃÊ ©Uà¬ãŸ „ÈU߸– ’ÃʸŸË ‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ Ÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÃÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ 9


∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸáÊʸÿ∑§ Á‚h „ÈU•Ê– ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬Á⁄U∑§À¬ŸÊ ∑§Ê Áfl·ÿ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄U∑§, Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ ‹∑§⁄U ‚¢ÁflœÊŸ ◊¥ ◊Í‹÷Íà ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ‹Ê∞ ª∞, •ÊÒ⁄U ¡’ ◊Ìʟ ∑§ ÿÊÇÿ SÕÊŸ ¬ÊŸ ∑§Ë „U∑§ŒÊ⁄U „ÒU, Á»§⁄U ÷Ë ◊ÈÅÿ× ߸‚Ê߸ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ •¢ª̋ ÊË, $»̋¥§ø, Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË, ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃË, ÃÁ◊‹, Ã‹ÈªÈ, ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‚ ∑§≈˜UÔ≈U⁄U Áfl⁄UÊœ ¬˝∑§≈U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ– ÿ„UÊ° Ã∑§ Á∑§ ©UŒÍ̧, øËŸË ÿÊ “¬ÊÃflÊ Á∑˝§ÿÊ‹” ߟ◊¥ ‚ Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë ÷ÊcÊÊ ◊¥ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ- ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ß‚ ◊Ê◊‹ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ‚flÊ¸ëø •ŒÊ‹Ã ∑§Ê Œ⁄UflÊ ÊÊ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ë ‡Êø ⁄UπË ªß¸, ÃÊ ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ∑ȧ¿U ¬˝Êà‚Ê„UŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ë π≈Uπ≈UÊÿÊ, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ß‚ •ŒÊ‹Ã ∑§ »Ò§‚‹ ∑§Ê Á¬˝flË ∑§ÊÒ¥Á‚‹ Ÿ, •ÊÒÁøàÿ ∑§Ê ¬Á⁄Uøÿ ŒÃ „ÈU∞, ©U‹≈U ÁŒÿÊ– •ŒÊ‹Ã ∑§ ÁŸáʸÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ÷Ë Á◊‹Ë– øÈŸÊÒÃË Œ∑§⁄U v~~y ◊¥ Á¬˝flË ∑§ÊÒ¥Á‚‹ Ã∑§ ß‚‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Ÿ∞ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§Ë Áø¢ªÊ⁄UË ‚È‹ª ©UΔUË– ŸÃË¡ ÷Ë ÃÈ⁄¢Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄¥U •ÊÃË-¡ÊÃË ⁄U„¥UªË, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ÷Ê·Ê ◊Ê◊‹Ê ‹ ¡ÊŸ ∑§Ê üÊÿ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ (GHTU) ∑§Ê ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á◊‹Ÿ ‹ª– v~y} ∑§ •Ê◊ øÈŸÊflÊ¥ ◊¥ ŸËÁÃÿÊ°, Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ª˝Ê◊ËáÊ ß‹Ê∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ∑§ß¸ ©Uê◊ËŒflÊ⁄U ÁŸflʸÁøà ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ∑§Ê‹ ∑§Ë ‚◊ÊÁåà ¬⁄U, ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‚¢’¢œË ŸËÁÃÿÊ°, ⁄UÊÃÊ¥⁄UÊà Ÿ„UË¥ „ÈU∞, ¡Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ∑§◊¸ΔU ‚◊Õ¸∑§ Áfl÷ʪ∑˝§◊ ÁŸœÊ¸⁄UáÊ „UÃÈ, Á„¢UŒË ‚Á„Uà •ãÿ ’Œ‹Ÿ flÊ‹Ë– øÍ°Á∑§ ÿ„U ⁄UÊ¡ÁŸÁÃ∑§ Õ– ÿ„U, ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑§ ◊ÃÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞, ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •¬ŸÊŸ ∑§Ê ◊Ê◊‹Ê ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ∞∑§ ’„ÈUà „UË ¬øËŒÊ ◊Ê◊‹Ê ⁄UÊc≈˛UÁ¬ÃÊ ‚⁄U Á‡Êfl‚ʪ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊ªÈ‹Ê◊ ∑§ ‚È‹¤ÊÊŸ ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ‚, ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U Ÿ v~}y „ÒU, ∑§Ê߸ ÷Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U, •Ê◊ øÈŸÊfl „UÊ⁄U ∑§c≈U‚Êäÿ •Á÷ÿÊŸ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ÕË, ¡Ê •ÊÒ⁄U v~~v ◊¥ ŒÊ Á‚‹Ä≈U ∑§Á◊Á≈UÿÊ° ªÁΔUà ¡ÊŸ ∑§ «U⁄U ‚, ß‚◊¥ ∑§Ê≈U-¿UÊ°≈U ∑§⁄UŸ v~z~ ◊¥ ÿÕÊÕ¸ ’Ÿ ªÿÊ– ∑§Ë¥– ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U Á»§⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ ∑§Ë Á„U ê ◊à Ÿ„U Ë ¥ ∑§⁄U ¬Ê∞ªË– ß‚ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ Ÿ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÉÊ, ‚÷Ë Áfl⁄UÊœ Ë ÃÊ∑§ÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê «U≈U∑§⁄U ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ∑§Ê ©U‚∑§ ’¢œŸÊ¥ ‚ ◊ÈÁÄà ÃÊ ÁŒ‹Ê߸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚’‚ •Êª •ÊÿÊ– Áfl⁄UÊÁœÿÊ¥ „UË, ‚ÊÕ ◊¥ •ÊÒ¬ÁŸflÁ‡Ê∑§ ÁflÉÊ≈UŸ ∑§Ë ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U Á„¢UŒÍ ‚¢ªΔUŸ ÷Ë Õ, ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ◊ʪ¸ ¬˝‡ÊSà Á∑§ÿÊ, Á¡‚∑§Ë ¬Á⁄UáÊÁà v~{} ◊¥ Áfl÷ʪ∑˝§◊ ÁŸœÊ¸⁄UáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁªŸ ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U •Ê¬ÁûÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U Õ– Œ‡Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë SflâòÊÃÊ ◊¥ „ÈU߸– ◊¥ Ê’⁄UŒSà ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑§ ’„U‚Ê¥ ∞fl¢ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ·ÊZ ∑§ ’ÊŒ, wÆÆy ◊¥, ‚Ë.¬Ë.߸. (CPE) ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ‚¢’¢œË ÁŸÿ◊Êfl‹Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ flÊSÃÁfl∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ΔUÊ‚ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ‹Ê∞ ª∞, Á¡Ÿ∑§ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ŸËÁÃÿÊ° ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬ Á„¢UŒË ‚Á„Uà ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ŸÃË¡ Áfl÷ʪ∑˝§◊ SflâòÊÃÊ-¬Ífl¸ •ÊÒ⁄U SflÊâòÿÊûÊ⁄U ÷Ê·Ê߸ ŸËÁÃÿÊ° „UÃÈ ÁªŸ ¡ÊŸ ‹ª– SflâòÊÃÊ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ ÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ’„U‚ ‚¢¬˝Áà ∑ȧ‹ y, vy{ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§-S∑ͧ‹ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ v, x{{ ¬Ífl˸ ◊ÈÅÿ× ∞∑§ „UË ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒ ¬⁄U ∑¥§Áº˝Ã ÕË— ÄÿÊ ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê fl„UË ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ •äÿʬ∑§ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ •äÿʬ∑§ z|} „Ò¥U– |Æ Œ¡Ê¸ ŒŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ ¡Ê •¢ª˝ ÊË •ÊÒ⁄U $»˝¥§ø ∑§Ê „ÒU? ¡„UÊ° Ã∑§ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ «UåÿÍ≈UË ◊ÈÅÿÊäÿʬ∑§ „Ò¥U, vw •Á‚S≈¥U≈U ‚Ȭ⁄UflÊß Ê⁄U, w ‚Ȭ⁄UflÊß Ê⁄U Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ê ¬˝‡Ÿ ÕÊ, ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ’«∏UÊ ◊„Uàfl Ÿ„UË¥ ÁŒÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U v flÁ⁄UcΔU ‚Ȭ⁄UflÊß Ê⁄U „Ò¥U– ªÿÊ ÕÊ– ÿlÁ¬ ÿ„U Ã∑¸§ ⁄UπÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË, ¬⁄UˡÊáÊËÿ ∑ȧ¿U •ãÿ •Ê°∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ◊Ò¥ •Ê¬∑§Ê äÿÊŸ •Ê∑§Á·¸Ã ∑§⁄UŸÊ 10


¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁŸS‚¢Œ„U, ÷Ê·Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U ©U‚ ¬Í⁄U flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ, ¬Á⁄U¬˝ˇÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¬˝÷Êfl ¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒU, Á¡‚◊¥ ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊ ⁄U„UË „UÊ– ¡„UÊ° Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝‡Ÿ „ÒU, ÿ„U ÃÊ ∞∑§ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU, •ÊÒ⁄U „U◊Ê⁄UË ⁄UÊÿ „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚ ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒ ¬⁄U Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë Ã⁄U„U ∑§ ÁflflÊŒ ∑§Ë ªÈ¢¡Êß‡Ê „UË Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ◊ÊŸflËÿ ¬Í°¡Ë •Á÷flœ¸Ÿ ∞fl¢ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •àÿÊfl‡ÿ∑§ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ªáÊ⁄UÊÖÿ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ’„ÈU÷Ê·Ë ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÊM§⁄Uà „ÒU, •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ‡ÊŸÒ— ‡ÊŸÒ— •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ◊ ‹ ⁄U„UË „ÒU, ¡Ê ‚ê◊ÊŸ ∑§Ë ‚◊ÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊŸ∑§ ∑§Ë ŒÎÁc≈U ‚, •ãÿ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ‚ ∑ȧ¿U ∑§◊ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ¡Ò‚ ’„ÈU÷Ê·Ë Œ‡Ê ◊¥, ¡Ê flø◊ÊŸ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ „ÒU, fl„U ‚Êø ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄UŸ, Ã⁄U„U-Ã⁄U„U ∑§ ôÊÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃÿÊ¥ Ã∑§ ¬„È°Uø ’…∏UÊŸ, •ÊÒ⁄U flÒœË∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥ •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ∑ͧ‹ ’ŸÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Ÿ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚ËπŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊, ÁflÁ÷㟠‚¢S∑ΧÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∞∑§-ŒÍ‚⁄U ∑§ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ◊¥ Áfl∑§Á‚à „UÊÃ „ÈU∞, ‚Œ˜÷ Ô ÊflŸÊ, •ÊŒ⁄U, ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ∞∑§¡È≈UÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‡ÊÊ¢ÁìÍáʸ ‚„U¡ËflŸ ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒÃÊ „ÒU– ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ÿ„U ‚ÈÁŸÁ‡øà ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU Á∑§ ‚÷Ë ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚ËπŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U Á◊‹, Á‡ÊˇÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ √ÿÁÄêà Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ŸÈ∑ͧ‹ ◊ÍÀÿ ∞fl¢ ∑§Ê҇ʋ Á◊‹, ©UŸ∑§ ‚◊Ê‹ÊøŸÊà◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ◊Í‹∑§ Áø¢ÃŸ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ Á◊‹ •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U ŸflËŸÃÊ ‹ÊŸ ÃÕÊ flÒ‡flË∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ÁŒŸ-’ÁŒŸ •Áœ∑§ •ª˝‚⁄U „UÊ ⁄U„U ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄UfløŸÊ¥ ∑§ ‚◊ˇÊ •¬Ÿ •Ê¬∑§Ê …UÊ‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚Ê„UŸ Á◊‹– •Ã— ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ •¢Ã ◊¥ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ‚ ÿ„U •¬ˇÊÊ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU Á∑§ fló • ¬˝÷Êfl‡ÊÊ‹Ë …¢Uª ‚ ÁfløÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê·Ê߸ ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ÃÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄¥U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ üÊflŸ, flÊøŸ, Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ, ¬ÊΔUŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‹πŸ

øÊ„UÃÊ „Í°U — ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ v ‹Êπ } „U ÊÊ⁄U }zx ’ëøÊ¥ ◊¥ yÆ.v ¬˝ÁÇÊÃ, •ÕÊ¸Ã˜Ô yv „U ÊÊ⁄U z{z ’ëø, Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÃ „Ò¥U– ߟ◊¥ ~ÆÆ ß¸‚Ê߸ œ◊¸ ∑§ ’ëø ÷Ë „Ò¥U, ¡Ê Œ‡Ê ∑§ zv ߸‚Ê߸ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§⁄UáÊ (RCEA) S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπÃ „Ò¥U– •¢Ã× S≈UÁ≈UÁS≈UÄ‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ ¬˝Êåà •Ê°∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvw ◊¥ ‚Ë.¬Ë.߸. ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Áfl·ÿ ◊¥ ©UûÊËáʸ „UÊŸ flÊ‹ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë Œ⁄U {~.z ¬˝ÁÇÊà ÕË– ÿlÁ¬ ÿ„U •¢ª˝ ÊË ◊¥ ©UûÊËáʸ „UÊŸ flÊ‹ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë Œ⁄U (|x.v%) ‚ ∑ȧ¿U ∑§◊ „ÒU, Á»§⁄U ÷Ë $»˝¥§ø ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ©UûÊËáʸ „ÈU∞ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë |}.{ ¬˝ÁÇÊà Œ⁄U ∑§ •Ê‚-¬Ê‚ „UË „ÒU– •Ã—, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ë ™°§øË Œ⁄U ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „ÈU∞, ÿ„U ÁŸÁfl¸flÊŒ M§¬ ‚ ∑§„UÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊Ê⁄U ’ëøÊ¥ ◊¥ |Æ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ∞‚ „Ò¥U Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ •¢ª˝ ÊË •ÊÒ⁄U $»˝¥§ø ∑§ ‚ÊÕ‚ÊÕ ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë, ∑ȧ¿U ÷Ê·Ê߸ ∞fl¢ ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ ∑§Ê҇ʋ Áfl∑§Á‚à Á∑§∞ „Ò¥U– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄¥U •ÊÃË-¡ÊÃË ⁄U„¥UªË, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ÷Ê·Ê ŸËÁÃÿÊ°, Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‚¢’¢œË ŸËÁÃÿÊ°, ⁄UÊÃÊ⁄UÊà Ÿ„UË¥ ’Œ‹Ÿ flÊ‹Ë– øÍ°Á∑§ ÿ„U ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ∞∑§ ’„ÈUà „UË ¬øËŒÊ ◊Ê◊‹Ê „ÒU, ∑§Ê߸ ÷Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U, •Ê◊ øÈŸÊfl „UÊ⁄U ¡ÊŸ ∑§ «U⁄U ‚, ß‚◊¥ ∑§Ê≈U-¿UÊ°≈U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë Á„Uê◊à Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄U ¬Ê∞ªË– •Ã— •÷Ë ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ∞fl¢ •ãÿ SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U, Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê߸ •Ê°ø Ÿ„UË¥ •Ê ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU– ߟ ŸËÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§ „UË •ŸÈM§¬, Á„¢UŒË ‚Á„Uà ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ „ÒU — „U◊Ê⁄UË ¬ÒÃÎ∑§ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ Áfl⁄UÊ‚Ã ∞fl¢ ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ȍ΅∏U ⁄UπŸÊ– „U◊Ê⁄U •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ◊¥ „U◊Ê⁄UË ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ÁflÁflœÃÊ ∞∑§ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ Ãàfl ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ fl ‚Ê¢∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚„U¡ËflŸ ∑§Ë Á◊‚Ê‹ ’ŸÊ „ÈU•Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, ∞∑§ ∞‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊ÷Êÿ◊ÊŸ „ÒU, ¡„UÊ° “‡ÊÊ¢ÁÔ ∞∑§ πÊπ‹Ê ‡ÊéŒ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU–

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Á‹∞ Sflÿ¢ •¬Ÿ, ÃÕÊ •ãÿÊ¥ ∑§ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬„UøÊŸŸ, ‚◊¤ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚⁄UÊ„UŸ ∑§ Œ⁄UflÊ Ê πÈ‹ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– • ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. (ICT) ÄÿÊ¥? ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° ª˝„UáÊ ∑§⁄UŸ, ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ∑§⁄UŸ ÃÕÊ Ÿ∞-Ÿ∞ ÁfløÊ⁄U Áfl∑§Á‚à ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥, ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë (≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë) ∞∑§ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ •ÊÒ ÊÊ⁄U „ÒU– •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄U-‚ÊˇÊ⁄U „Ò¥U, •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ßÿÊ¥ Ÿ “‚Ê¢∑§Ê⁄U” ¬Á⁄UÿÊ¡ŸÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÷Ë ¬˝Êåà Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvw ‚, ¬„U‹Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UË ∑§ˇÊÊ ◊¥ ªËÃÊ¥, ∑§ÁflÃÊ•Ê¥ ÃÈ∑§’¢ŒË, π‹Ê¥, ∑§Ê≈Í̧UŸÊ¥ ÃÕÊ ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË Á◊ÁüÊà Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ©UŸ ‚÷Ë ’„ÈUÁflœ ‚ÊœŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÃË∑§ „ÒU ߢ≈U⁄UŸ≈U, Á¡Ÿ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á‡ÊˇÊÊÕ˸, ß‹Ä≈˛UÊÚÁŸ∑§ Ã⁄UË∑§ ‚ ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝ÊÁåÃ, ÷¢«UÊ⁄UáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈŸ— ¬˝ÊÁåà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU, ©Uã„¥U ¬˝ÿÊª ◊¥ ‹ÊÃÊ „ÒU, ©UŸ∑§Ê •ÊŒÊŸ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U ¬‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ∞∑§ ∞‚ ÿȪ ◊¥ ߢ≈U⁄UŸ≈U Ÿ ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬„È°Uø ‚÷Ë ∑§ Á‹∞ πÊ‹ ŒË „ÒU, ‚ËπŸ-Á‚πÊŸ ◊¥ ÷Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ‹Ê÷ ©UΔUÊŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „ÒU– ICT, ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ •Áœ∑§ ‚Ȫ◊ ’ŸÊŸ, ‚ËπŸ ∑§Ë ’ʜʕÊ¥ ∑§Ê ŒÍ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ, •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬Í⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞, •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U ŒÃË „ÒU– ¡„UÊ° Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝‡Ÿ „ÒU, ICT ∑§Ê, ‚ËπŸ-Á‚πÊŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§Ê, ’„UÃ⁄U ’ŸÊŸ flÊ‹ •ÊÒ ÊÊ⁄U ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ŒπÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á‡ÊˇÊÊÕ˸ •Ÿ∑§ÊŸ∑§ ¡ŸÊ¥ ‚ ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° ∞fl¢ ÁfløÊ⁄U ‡ÊËÉÊ˝ÃÊ ‚ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U, ©UŸ∑§Ë ¿UÊŸ-’ËŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U √ÿfl„UÊ⁄U ◊¥ ‹ÊÃ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ß‚∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª, ‚¡¸ŸÊà◊∑§ Ã⁄UË∑§ ‚ •flœÊ⁄UáÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚◊¤Ê ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U ∑§Ê⁄Uª⁄U Ã⁄UË∑§ ‚ ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄UŸ, ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà ⁄UπŸ, …Í°U…∏UŸ ∞fl¢ ¬‡Ê ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ „UÊÃË „ÒU– ÿ„U ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ ∞fl¢ ≈U‹ËÁfl ÊŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄UÃ

¡Ò‚Ë •ÊœÊ⁄U÷Íà ÷Ê·Ê߸ ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ÃÊ•Ê¥ ¬⁄U ‚¢ÃÈÁ‹Ã ’‹ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÁfllÊÕ˸ ’„UÃ⁄U M§¬ ‚ Ã÷Ë ¬…∏U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U, ¡’ ©Uã„¥U ∞∑§ ∞‚ ◊Ê„UÊÒ‹ ◊¥ ⁄UπÊ ¡Ê∞, ¡„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÈŸŸ ¬⁄U ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „UÊ– ÁfllÊÕ˸ ¡Ê ÷Ë ¬…∏UÃ „Ò¥U, ©U‚ ‚◊¤ÊÃ „Ò¥U, •¬ŸË ©U◊˝ ∑§ •ŸÈ∑ͧ‹ ‚Ê◊Áª˝ÿÊ¥ ‚ ¬Á⁄UÁøà „UÊÃ „Ò¥U, •ÊÒ⁄U •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U, •¬ŸË ÷ÊflŸÊ∞° ÃÕÊ •¬ŸÊ •ŸÈ÷fl flÊÄÿÊ¥ ∞fl¢ ¿UÊ≈UË-¿UÊ≈UË ‚ÊÕ¸∑§ Á‹Áπà ©UÁÄÃÿÊ¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¬˝∑§≈U ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– { ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë, ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ √ÿÊ∑§⁄UáÊ, ‡ÊéŒÊfl‹Ë •ÊÒ⁄U flÊÄÿ-ÁflãÿÊ‚ ¬⁄U ÷Ë ’‹ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU ÃÊÁ∑§ •Êª ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ŸË¥fl ⁄UπË ¡Ê ‚∑§– ÁfllÊÕ˸ •‹ª-•‹ª ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÊ¥ ∞fl¢ ‚¢Œ÷ÊZ ∑§Ë ÉÊ≈UŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ S¬c≈UÃÊ, ‚¢’hÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¡¸Ÿ‡ÊË‹ÃÊ ‚ Á‹πŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê҇ʋ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– • ‚◊ˡÊÊà◊∑§ ∞fl¢ ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ …¢Uª ‚ ‚ÊøŸ ∑§Ë ˇÊ◊ÃÊ Áfl∑§Á‚à ∑§⁄¥U ß‚ ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ¡Ê Ã⁄U„U-Ã⁄U„U ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊʬ˝Œ ∞fl¢ ◊ŸÊ⁄¢U¡∑§ ◊À≈UË◊ËÁ«UÿÊ ‚Ê◊Áª˝ÿÊ° ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U, ©UŸ∑§Ê ⁄U‚ÊSflÊŒŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ßë¿UÊ ÁfllÊÕ˸ ◊¥ ¡ªÊŸÊ ÃÕÊ ’Ê‹ ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ¥, ∑§ÁflÃÊ•Ê¥, ªËÃÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ê‹ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ë •ãÿ ÁflœÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ©U‚◊¥ ©Uà‚Ê„U ¡ªÊŸÊ ÷Ë ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ „ÒU– • ◊Ÿ ◊¥ ¬ÒÃÎ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ¬˝◊ ¡ªÊ∞ Á‡ÊˇÊÊÕ˸ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ •äÿÿŸ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ⁄UflÒÿÊ •¬ŸÊÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ŸË ¬ÒÃÎ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ÃÕÊ ÷Ê·Ê߸ ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà ⁄UπŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ‚◊¤ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ‚ÊÕ ◊¥ ß‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¡ã◊-SÕ‹ ∞fl¢ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ‚Á„Uà Áfl‡fl ÷⁄U ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ÷ÊÁ·ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ∑§ •ÊÒ ÊÊ⁄U ∑§ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U ÷Ë, ß‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë •„UÁ◊ÿà ‚◊¤ÊÃ „Ò¥U– • ŸÒÁÃ∑§ ◊ÍÀÿ ª˝„UáÊ ∑§⁄¥U ¡Ê ©UŸ∑§ •Êø⁄UáÊ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ’Ÿ¥ ÷Ê·Ê ŸÒÁÃ∑§ ◊ÍÀÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊Ê¡-‚ê◊à √ÿfl„UÊ⁄U Á‚πÊŸ ∑§Ê ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ‚ÊœŸ „ÒU– ¬Ífl˸ÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ◊¥ •ÊŸ ‚ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ 12


‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ ¡Ò‚ Á‡ÊˇÊÊà◊∑§ ‚ÊÚç≈Ufl⁄U ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚, Áfl·ÿ ∑§ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¡ÊŸŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚◊¥ ª„U⁄UÊ߸ Ã∑§ ¡ÊŸ ◊¥ ÷Ë ‚„UÿÊª ŒÃË „ÒU– ŒÎ‡ÿ-üÊ√ÿ ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§ ‚Ê◊Áª˝ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ‚ ÿ„U ¡Á≈U‹ •flœÊ⁄UáÊÊ•Ê¥ ∞fl¢ ÿÕÊÕ¸ ¡ËflŸ ∑§ •ŸÈ÷flÊ¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ¬È‹ ’°œŸ ∑§Ê „UË ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU–

¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ⁄¢UªËŸ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§ Á¡‚◊¥ •ŸÈ∑ͧ‹ ÃSflË⁄¥U „UÊ¥– ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄UË∑Χà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¿UÊ≈UË ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ -¬ÈSÃ∑§ ªÁÃÁflÁœ©Uã◊Èπ, π‹-•ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ∞fl¢ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ-•ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà „UÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞ •ÊÒ⁄U •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ŸÈ∑ͧ‹ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ-ÁŸŒ¸‡Ê „UÊŸ øÊÁ„U∞–

øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ° •Êª ∑§Ê ◊ʪ¸ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ¥ ‚ πÊ‹Ë Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ÃËfl˝ ªÁà ‚ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ‡ÊË‹ ß‚ Áfl‡fl ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ÃÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ∑§Œ◊ Á◊‹ÊÃ „ÈU∞ “S‹≈U, ¿U«∏UË, ‡ÿÊ◊¬≈˜UÔ≈U” ‚ „U≈U∑§⁄U •Ê߸ ¬Ò«U •ÊÒ⁄U •ãÿ ߢ≈U⁄ÒUÁÄ≈Ufl ©Uëø-≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë flÊ‹ ©U¬∑§⁄UáÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ „U◊ ¡Ê ÷Ë ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U ‹ÊŸÊ øÊ„¥Uª, ©UŸ∑§ •Á÷㟠•¢ª ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ‚¢øÊ⁄U ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ∑§Ê ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „UË ¬«∏UªÊ– Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ÃÊ flÒ‚ ÷Ë “S◊Ê≈¸U $»§Êã‚” ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ©Uëø-≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ∑§Ë ß‚ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ◊¥ «U≈U∑§⁄U •ÊM§…U „ÒU, ©U‚ „U◊ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ë ©U‚∑§Ë •Ê∑§Ê¢ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ‚ fl¢Áøà Ÿ„UË¥ ⁄Uπ ‚∑§Ã– „U◊¥ “S◊Ê≈¸U S∑ͧÀ‚ •ÊÒ⁄U S◊Ê≈¸U Ä‹Ê‚ Ê” ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ‚ÊøŸÊ „UÊªÊ ¡„UÊ° „U◊Ê⁄U ¿UÊòÊ ¬À‹Áflà „UÊ ‚∑¥§– ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ „U◊¥ ÄÿÊ-ÄÿÊ ’Ë«∏UÊ ©UΔUÊŸÊ ¬«∏UªÊ, ©UŸ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊ ŸËø ÁŒ∞ ¡Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥Uó

•äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë ∑§◊Ë  •äÿʬ∑§ ¬Ë¿U ÁfllÊÕ˸ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ wÆ „UÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞, UUNESCO ∑§ v—wÆ ≈UËø⁄U-åÿÍÁ¬‹ ⁄UÁ‡ÊÿÊ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ ‚÷Ë •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë  ∞«˜UÔÿÍ∑§≈U⁄U flª¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ •äÿʬ∑§, ∞«˜UÔÿÍ∑§≈U⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ Á⁄U◊ËÁ«U•‹ ‚¬Ê≈¸U ∞«˜UÔÿÍ∑§≈U⁄U, ÃÕÊ Áfl‡Ê· •¬ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ •‹ª ∞«˜UÔÿÍ∑§≈U⁄U  ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ‚¢¬ãŸ ◊Ê„UÊÒ‹  ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ ‚‹Ê„U∑§Ê⁄U  S∑ͧ‹ ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ  ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ ◊¥ ÁŸ⁄UˡÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ •Á÷÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¡ÊªM§∑§ÃÊ  ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê •◊‹ ◊¥ ‹ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ

◊Í‹ …UÊ°øÊ  ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ (‚ÊœŸ-‚¢¬ãŸ ÃÕÊ •äÿʬŸ ∑§Ë Ÿß¸ ¬˝flÎÁûÊÿÊ¥ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬)  ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§Ê •Ê∑§Ê⁄Uó©UÁøà ∑§ˇÊÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ∑§ˇÊÊ flø◊ÊŸ •Ê߸.≈UË. ‹Ò’ ◊¥ ¬˝ÿÈÄà „UÊŸ ∑§ flÊSÃ Á»§À◊ S‹Êß«˜U‚ ∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ

¬˝œÊŸ, ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ ‚∑¥§« ç‹Ê⁄U, ª¡Êœ⁄U Á’ÁÀ«¢ª ◊Ê¥‚¥ÿ⁄U ªÊÁŸŸ S≈˛Ë≈, ¬Ê≈¸ ‹È߸, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ s.tengur@yahoo.com, pstccu@intnet.mu

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x. HINDI TEACHING AND LEARNING IN MAURITIUS Mr. Lutchmee Taucoory History The history of education in Mauritius is one of the gradual extension of provision from serving a privileged group to a system covering all children without distinction in class, gender, ethnic origin or even language and its literature so that no child and no language is left behind. For this purpose, it has evolved from a completely private undertaking to a national education system. Apart from English and French Languages which we have inherited from our colonial masters, not less than 8 ancestral languages including Hindi are spoken, understood and taught at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Systematic but ‘unofficial’ secondary Hindi education may be said to have started with the establishment of the Hindi Parichay Examination by the Hindi Pracharini Sabha in 1946, but much earlier, Hindi teaching in several evening schools (Baithkas) of the Island by voluntary bodies including the Arya Samaj movement was then more effective than that of some of the schools run under state direction. In 1973 a motion was carried out by late Sharma Jugdambi in the legislative assembly for the teaching of Hindi in the state secondary schools. The same year, amidst a large gathering at the Municipal Theatre of Port Louis in honour of Shivmangal Singh Suman, then visiting Mauritius, the then Prime Minister, Hon Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam announced that his government would introduce Hindi in state secondary and junior secondary schools. Professor Ram Prakash was the first Education

Officer for Hindi and Indian Culture, the second according to the staff list was Mr. Takoorduth Panday in 1970, the third was Mr. Ramessur Ori in 1972 both attached to the Teachers Training College as Tutors. It is a fact that by then Hindi had not been introduced in the government secondary schools. Then comes the historic date for the Hindi Movement in Mauritius. On 29 January, 1974, five Hindi Education Officers were appointed and sent to the government secondary schools to introduce Hindi Language on the same footing as the traditional languages English and French. They were Mr. Devnarain Autar to Royal College, Port Louis, Mr. Prahlad Ramsurrun to Royal College, Curepipe, Mr. Permeshwar Chady to John Kennedy College, Miss Dhanwantee Reekaye to Queen Elizabeth College and Miss B. Busgeet to Rose Belle State Secondary College. Source : Indradhanush special August 2014 issue

Today Hindi is taught in all 63 state secondary schools and most private secondary schools of Mauritius including those run under the Roman Catholic Education Authority. Present Situation 2013 (stats) learner and teaching staff The education system in Mauritius is largely based on the British System since Mauritius was a former British Colony. It consists of a 2+6+5+2 system of formal education. Student passing CPE exams gain admittance to secondary schools, those with excellent results are admitted in the National Secondary Schools. Secondary education covers a seven-year span starting from Form I to Form VI. Various subjects are 14


taught from Form I to Form III including all Asian Languages which are compulsory in all state secondary schools and these Asian subjects depend upon the subjects taken at CPE level. As from Form IV students are streamed according to the subjects they have opted for. At the end of the 5th year of study at the secondary

level students sit for Cambridge School Certificate (SC) examination. Passing the SC exams allows them to continue another 2-year study ending with the Higher School Certificate (HSC) examinations. Good results at these exams allow them admission in good Universities with excellent courses.

Table I : Percentage of students studying Hindi in Secondary Schools in 2012 Institutions

Percentage of Students FI

FII

FIII

FIV

FV

LVI Princ

LVI Sub

UVI Princ

UVI Sub

Total

State Secondary Schools

45.6

44.7

43.7

14.4

15

3.6

3

3.6

3

25.9

Private Colleges

19.8

19.3

18.2

6.3

6.7

3.9

0.6

4

0.7

11.8

Total

32.2

31.3

30.2

10

10.2

3.9

1.8

3.9

1.9

18.5

Table II : Percentage of students studying Hindi in Secondary Schools in 2013 Institutions

Percentage of Students FI

FII

FIII

FIV

FV

LVI Princ

LVI Sub

UVI Princ

UVI Sub

Total

State Secondary Schools

45.8

45.9

43.6

16.3

15.3

4

3.6

3.8

3.5

26.7

Private Colleges

21.1

19.8

20.7

7.2

6.6

4.2

0.7

4.3

0.6

12.6

Total

32.4

31.2

31

7.2

10.2

4.1

2.2

4

2.1

19

Source : Statistics Mauritius Secondary Schooling in Mauritius is compulsory for all students of ages 12 to 16 years and optional for students of ages 17 to 20. 15


Educators Currently in 2014 there are 89 Hindi Educators on establishment and the Ministry seeks the help of about 20 Supply Educators as and when required to cater for replacement of these educators. As for Private Secondary Schools there are more than 80 Educators catering for the Hindi Sector.

Subject combinations have been harmonized to allow maximum students to benefit from the subjects offered in view of scholarships, future career and courses at the tertiary level. The Mauritius Examination Syndicate, body responsible for examination in Mauritius in collaboration with Cambridge International Examinations allowed the marking of the Hindi paper Government Support and Policies for SC since the 90’s by training the Mauritian Hindi At the secondary level all Educators through workshops. All subjects are treated according to The role of religious bodies the markers have been duly trained the curriculum. However, unlike like Arya Sabha, Mauritius and and up to now given satisfaction to English and French languages Hindi Pracharini Sabha cannot CIE. Together with the Hindi SC Hindi and other Asian Languages be forgotten. Together with this Paper, Hinduism and Literature in are given less time in terms of the contribution of evening Hindi papers are also marked by teaching time i.e. only 3 periods schools held in the ‘Baitkas’ the Mauritian Educators/Markers. weekly as compared to 5 for cannot be minimized. Since the English and French Languages. olden days despite the lack of Pedagogical Philosophies Since 2012, all students opting proper amenities, selfless and Strategies The Mauritius Institute of for an Asian Language at Form I teachers have contributed a lot level should compulsorily study it into the propagation of this Education in close collaboration with the Mahatma Gandhi until Form III (circular notice No. language. Institute, propose courses of BA 8 of 2012) and the subject is (Hon) Hindi with Education for offered at Form IV and Form V school leavers. The University of Mauritius proposes level irrespective of the number of students who have joint BA courses coupled with History, English or opted for the subject. French Languages. Together with these courses, for the As for educators teaching at secondary level in training of secondary educators the Mauritius Institute the state sector, all of them are graduates or hold post of Education/Mahatma Gandhi Institute proposed the graduate qualifications and are recruited by the Public Post Graduate Certificate in Education course in 1985 Service Commission on a regular basis. Despite their to train the 1st batch of Hindi Educators. Then this qualifications regular teacher training is being course was relaunched since 2006 to train all the provided to educators by the Ministry and Mauritius secondary Hindi Educators. Institute of Education.

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As far as curriculum development is concerned the MGI has been entrusted with this complex work together with the production and printing of text books. So far the personnel of MGI have given a very big help in the propagation of all the Asian Languages. To give a further boost to the propagation of the Hindi Language the Mahatma Gandhi Institute is proposing a diploma course in Hindi with Education to help those people who wish to go further in this field.

Hindi Language by proposing many programmes in Hindi and relaying the programme of Zee TV and Doordarshan programme from India without forgetting the locally produced programme be it on television or the radio where specific channels are dedicated to the Hindi Language. The role of religious bodies like Arya Sabha, Mauritius and Hindi Pracharini Sabha cannot be forgotten. Together with this the contribution of evening schools held in the ‘Baithkas’ cannot be minimized. Since the old days despite the lack of proper amenities, selfless teachers have contributed a lot into the propagation of this language. Moreover, the Government Hindi Teachers’ Union at the Primary Level and the Government Secondary Teachers’ Union at Secondary Level have in their own way waged an incessant struggle to propagate this language despite many reservations. Last but not the least, the role of Hindi Pracharini Sabha in collaboration with University of Allahabad, India has helped a lot for the Hindi Language by organizing examinations such as parichay, prathama, madhyama and uttama examinations, thus encouraging students to prosper in the villages of Mauritius.

Key Players in the Sector The main key player in this sector is the Ministry of Education and Human Resources who is providing all the facilities possible for the propagation of this language in our country. The Mahatma Gandhi Institute with all the facilities provided for the propagation of Hindi Language together with five secondary schools plus the training of educators deserve a very good place. The MIE helps in the training of Educators, be it at primary or secondary level and helps in curriculum development. The MES is the body responsible for the conduct of all examinations in our country and even marking of the Cambridge SC Hindi Paper since the past 15 years. The MBC plays a key role in the propagation of Year

No. of students taking part in Exams Praveshika Parichay

Prathama

Madhyama

Uttama

Uttama II

Uttama III

2013

1198

648

487

335

219

204

185

2014

1142

623

391

270

225

173

185

Source : Hindi Pracharini Sabha 17


Careers Prospects for Learners The Cambridge HSC being a gateway to University now, students opting for Hindi along with other subjects can gain entry in any course provided he/she satisfies other criteria as well. Students may opt for courses such as Law, Finance, Human Resources, Management, Business Communication, Psychology, Humanities and even languages. With such courses for students the sky is the limit.

Culture and by providing many scholarships for Mauritian students to study Hindi at University level has enhanced the teaching of Hindi in Mauritius. The World Hindi Secretariat in close collaboration with the MGI is working on innovative measures in the teaching and learning of Asian Languages. Undeniably the use of Information and Communication Technology along with a variety of opportunities existent online, proves to be beneficial in producing techno-pedagogical materials and thereby rendering the essence of teaching and learning more effective and efficient. The Language Resource Centre, MGI has already produced a handbook in ICT for

International Support The setting up of the World Hindi Secretariat in Mauritius through the close collaboration of the Government of India is one of the most noteworthy step taken in the move to get international recognition of Hindi as a United Nations Language. Moreover, the Indian Government by the setting up of the Mahatma Gandhi Institute, the Indira Gandhi Centre for Indian

Hindi Language. Ag. Asst. Director, Ministry of Education & Human Resource, Zone 4, Mauritius Cremation Rd, Camp Thorel, St. Julien D’hotman, Mauritius ltaucoory@govmu.org

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ÁmÃËÿ ‚òÊ — ¬Ífl˸ ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ fl ¬˝‡Êʢà ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË



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Á»§¡Ë ∑§ ◊Í‹ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë-¬Á⁄Uøÿ Á»§¡Ë Œ‡Ê ∑§ •ÊÁŒflÊ‚Ë ‹Êª “∑§Ê߸flËÃË” ∑§„U‹ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ÿ ‹Êª «UË‹-«UÊÒ‹ ◊¥ ‹¢’-øÊÒ«∏U, ¬˝‚ãŸÁøûÊ ⁄U„UŸflÊ‹ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚’∑§Ê „UÊÁŒ¸∑§ ‚à∑§Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ „Ò¥U– “flÍ‹Ê” ∑§„U∑§⁄U πȇÊË ‚ ‚’∑§Ê Sflʪà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ߟ∑§Ë ‚¢S∑ΧÁà „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U Á»§¡ËÿŸ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ë ∑ȧ¿U ∞∑§ ’ÊÃ¥ ◊‹ πÊÃË „Ò¥U ¡Ò‚ ÉÊ⁄U •Ê∞ ◊„U◊ÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝◊ ‚ ÷Ê¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÊŸÊ, ‚⁄U‹ ‚ÊœÊ⁄UáÊ ⁄U„UŸ-‚„UŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁŒ‹ ‚ ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ⁄U„UŸÊ– Á»§¡Ë ∑§Ê “ß‚Ê ‹߸” ŸÊ◊∑§ ªËà ’„ÈUà „UË ◊ÊÁ◊¸∑§ ÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ÷⁄UÊ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– ÿ„U ªËà ’«∏UÊ „UË ◊ŸŸÊ„U∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚È¢Œ⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄UÊ¥ ‚ ÷⁄UÊ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ flʬ‚ ’È‹ÊŸ ∑§Ë ©Uà∑¢§ΔUUÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á’ŒÊ߸ ∑§Ê ’«∏UÊ „UË ◊ÊÁ◊¸∑§ ÁøòÊ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ªËà ◊¥ Á»§⁄U Á◊‹Ÿ

Á»§¡Ë ∑§Ë ÷ÊÒªÊÁ‹∑§ ÁSÕÁÃ-‚¢ÁˇÊåà ¬Á⁄Uøÿ Á»§¡Ë ¬˝‡Êʢà ◊„Uʂʪ⁄U ∑§Ê Sflª¸ ∑§„U‹ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚ÊÒ¥Œÿ¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁflÁ÷㟠‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚èÿÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚È¢Œ⁄U ‚◊ãflÿ Á»§¡Ë ∑§Ë $πÊ‚ Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ „ÒU– ¬˝‡Êʢà ◊„Uʂʪ⁄U ◊¥ •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ

21


∑§ ’ÊŒ •Ÿ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ÷Ë ¡’ fl •¬Ÿ ◊ÈÀ∑§ ÿÊŸË ÷Ê⁄Uà ‹ÊÒ≈UŸ ◊¥ •‚◊Õ¸ ⁄U„U Ã’ fl Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ „UË •¬ŸÊ ◊ÈÀ∑§ ’ŸÊŸ, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¡È≈UÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚ ‚◊Îh ’ŸÊŸ ◊¥ ‹ª ª∞– •¬ŸÊ ∑ȧ‹Ë ∑§Ê‹ ¬Í⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ •¬Ÿ ’‹ ¬⁄U ¿UÊ≈U-¿UÊ≈U ∑¥§º˝ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á∑§∞ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒÍ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ŒŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ– Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ◊Êäÿ◊ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ÿ„U ’ËÊÃ „ÈU∞ ◊ȤÊ πȇÊË „UÊ ⁄U„UË ‚¢S∑Χà „ÈU•Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ ÕÊ– ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÕË „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚ ∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ¬ÊŸ ∑§ “øÊáÊÄÿ ŸËÁà Œ¬¸áÊ” ÿÊ ¡Ê ÷Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§ Á‹∞ Á»§¡Ë ÁSÕà ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ∑§ ©U¬‹éœ „UÊÃË ÕË ©U‚ ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ∑§ M§¬ Á„¢UŒË •Áœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ’„ÈUà ‚„UÿÊª ◊¥ ∑§Ê◊ ◊¥ ‹ÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊ ∑§ ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚÷Ë ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬¢Á«Uà ÷ªflÊŸŒûÊ ¬Ê¢«U ‡Êø’¢ŒË ◊¥ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë v}}y ◊¥ Á»§¡Ë •Ê∞ Õ– ∑ȧ‹Ë∑§Ê‹ ¬Í⁄UÊ ªß¸, ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§Ë ªßZ– „UÊŸ ¬⁄U flÍ‚Ë (Ÿ‚ÊÒ⁄UË) ◊¥ •¬ŸË ¿UÊ≈UË ‚Ë flø◊ÊŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ∑ȧ≈UË ’ŸÊ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UŸ ‹ª •ÊÒ⁄U ÿ„UË ∑ȧ≈UË •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒÈ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑¥§º˝ ’Ÿ ªß¸– ©U‚∑§Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞° ‚fl¸òÊ ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U, •Êª ø‹∑§⁄U ÿ„UË¥ S∑ͧ‹ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ÁflÁ÷㟠Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÚ$ç≈Uflÿ‚¸ ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U– ªÿÊ–

∑§Ë ÷ÊflŸÊ ∑§Ê ’«∏U „UË ◊ŸÊ⁄U◊ …¢Uª ‚ ¬˝ª≈U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á»§¡Ë mˬ ∑§Ê ¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚ÊÒ¥Œÿ¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÿ„U “ß‚Ê ‹߸” ªËà ŒÊŸÊ¥ „UË „U⁄U ¡ÊŸflÊ‹ ∑§Ê Á»§¡Ë flʬ‚ •ÊŸ ∑§Ê ©UûÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ÿ„U ªËà „U⁄U ‚ÈŸŸflÊ‹ ∑§ NUŒÿ ◊¥ ◊ËΔUUÊ ŒŒ¸ ¿UÊ«∏U ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ߟ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê߸flËÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ‹πŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ⁄UÊ◊Ÿ Á‹Á¬ ∑§Ê◊ ◊¥ ‹Ê߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU–

Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ßÁÄUÊ‚

Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ŸË¥fl «UÊ‹Ÿ ∑§Ê üÊÿ ©UŸ y{x ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU ¡Ê vz ◊߸, v}|~ ∑§Ê Áª⁄UÁ◊≈U ¬˝ÕÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã, ¬˝Õ◊ ¡„UÊ Ê Á‹•ÊŸËŒÊ‚ mÊ⁄UÊ Á»§¡Ë ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊ ¬⁄U ©UÃÊ⁄U ª∞– vv Ÿfl¢’⁄U, v~v{ Ã∑§ ‡Êø’¢Œ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ∑§ÊŸ∑§ÊŸ ‚ ‹Ê∑§⁄U Á»§¡Ë ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊ ¬⁄U ©UÃÊ⁄U ¡ÊÃ ⁄U„U– ß‚ Ã⁄U„U x| fl·ÊZ Ã∑§ ‹ª÷ª }| ¡„UÊ Ê Á»§¡Ë ¬„È°Uø– ß‚∑§ ’ÊŒ Áª⁄UÁ◊≈U ¬˝ÕÊ ‚◊Êåà „UÊ ªß¸– ∑§„UÊ° ¡Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U? ÄÿÊ¥ ¡Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U? ÿ„U ‚’ Ÿ ¡ÊŸÃ „ÈU∞ ÷Ë, ÿ •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ •¬Ÿ ŒflË-ŒflÃÊ, •¬ŸË ◊ÊÃÎ ÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§Ë ÁfløÊ⁄UœÊ⁄UÊ∞°, •¬ŸË ¬È⁄UÊß ÃÕÊ ’„ÈU◊ÍÀÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ•Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ‚ÊÕ ‹∑§⁄U •Ê∞ Õ– ©UŸ◊¥ ‚ ∑ȧ¿U-∞∑§ •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ œ◊¸ ª˝¢Õ ¡Ò‚ ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ, ◊„UÊ⁄UÊŸË ∑§Ê ªÈ≈U∑§Ê, ªËÃÊ, ∑ȧ⁄UÊŸ •ÊÁŒ ÷Ë ‹∑§⁄U •Ê∞ Õ– •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê× ÁŸ⁄UˇÊ⁄U Õ ¬⁄U ©UŸ◊¥ •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ◊ ⁄UπŸ ∑§Ë ‹‹∑§ ÕË– ‡Ê⁄UË⁄U ‚ fl Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ⁄U„UÃ Õ ¬⁄U •Êà◊Ê „U◊‡ÊÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§Ë Á◊≈˜UÔ≈UË ¿ÍUŸ •ÊÒ⁄U •¬Ÿ ◊ÈÀ∑§ ∑§Ë $π’⁄U ‚ÈŸŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ë∏U¬ÃË ÕË– •¬ŸÊ ∑ȧ‹Ë ∑§Ê‹ ¬Í⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UŸ

Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê flø◊ÊŸ SflM§¬ •Ê¡ Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ÁŸ⁄U¢UÃ⁄U Ã⁄UÄ∑§Ë ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– •ãÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ (•¢ª˝ ÊË •ÊÒ⁄U Á»§¡ËÿŸ) ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê Á»§¡Ë ‚¢ÁflœÊŸ ◊¥ ‚◊ÊŸ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– √UÿÊfl„UÊÁ⁄U∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ÷Ë ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ÃËŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– flø◊ÊŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ¬Íáʸ ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊Îh „ÒU– Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ŒÊ M§¬ ŒπŸ ∑§Ê Á◊‹Ã „Ò¥Uó • ¬„U‹Ê „ÒU, ’Ê‹-øÊ‹ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê Á¡‚ Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§„UÃ „Ò¥U– Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •¬ŸÊ ∞∑§ M§¬ „ÒU, •¬ŸÊ •‹ª ßÁÄUÊ‚ „ÒU, ‚ÊÕ „UË ß‚◊¥ •Œ˜Ô÷Èà Á◊ΔUUÊ‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÊÒ¥Œÿ¸ „ÒU– ’Ê‹Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊¤ÊŸ ◊¥ ‚⁄U‹, ÿ„UÊ° ∑§ ∑§Ê߸flËÃË ÷Ê߸ ß‚∑§Ê 22


¬˝ÿÊª ’«∏UË •Ê‚ÊŸË ‚ ∑§⁄U ‹Ã „Ò¥U– •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U •ãÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥, $πÊ‚∑§⁄U •¢ª˝ ÊË •ÊÒ⁄U Á»§¡ËÿŸ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á◊üÊáÊ ÷Ë ŒπŸ ∑§Ê Á◊‹ÃÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê ¬˝Ê¢ÃÊ¥ ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á»§¡Ë ‹ÊÿÊ ªÿÊ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê-’ÊÁ‹ÿÊ° •‹ª-•‹ª ÕË¥ ¡Ò‚ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË, •flœË, ’˝¡, ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸË, Á’„UÊ⁄UË, ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃË, ÃÁ◊‹, Ã‹ÈªÈ, ◊‹ÿÊ‹◊ •ÊÁŒ– ߟ •ÊŸflÊ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ª˝Ê◊ËáÊ ß‹Ê∑§ ∑§ ‹Êª Õ, ‚Ëœ-‚Êœ, •Ÿ¬…∏U ¡Ê ∞∑§-ŒÍ‚⁄U ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ‚◊¤ÊÃ Ÿ Õ– Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ߟ ‚÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á◊ÁüÊà M§¬ „ÒU– ∑§„UÊflà „ÒU “•Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ •ÊÁflc∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ¡ŸŸË „ÒU”, •Ã— ¡’ •¬Ÿ ŒÈ—π-‚Èπ ◊¥ ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ „ÈU߸ ÃÊ Á◊ÁüÊà ÷Ê·Ê “Á»§¡Ë ’ÊÔ ∑§Ê •ÊÁflc∑§Ê⁄U „ÈU•Ê– ¡’ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ Ÿ∞ ∑ȧ‹Ë •ÊÃ ÃÊ ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U ©UŸ‚ ∑§„UÃÊ, ““Á»§¡Ë ’Êà ‚ËπÊ–”” ÿ„U Á»§¡Ë ’Êà ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ÁfløÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ê ‚⁄U‹ ◊Êäÿ◊ ÕË– •Ã— Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ∞∑§ ’Ê‹Ë „ÒU, ¡Ê √UÿÊfl„UÊÁ⁄U∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ¬Íáʸ× ‚ˇÊ◊ „ÒU– • ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ „ÒU, ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á»§¡Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà •ÊÒ⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ÷Ê·Ê, ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ê Á‹Áπà M§¬ ¬Íáʸ× ŒflŸÊª⁄UË Á‹Á¬ „ÒU– ÿ„U ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§ˇÊÊ ∞∑§ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ∑§ˇÊÊ •ÊΔUU Ã∑§ ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÊÒ⁄U fl·¸ ŸÊÒ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U fl·¸ Ã⁄U„U Ã∑§ ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬Íáʸ× ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà „ÒU– ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U ∑§Ê◊ ◊¥ ‹Ê߸ ¡ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ‚ˇÊ◊ ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU– ◊ÊŸÊ Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê SÃ⁄U ©UÃŸÊ ©Uëø Ÿ„UË¥, Á¡ÃŸÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ „ÒU–

flø◊ÊŸ ◊¥ Á»§¡Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ÷ÊcÊÊ ŸËÁà ∑§ ÄUà Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞¡È∑§ ‡ÊŸ ‚Á◊≈U, wÆÆÆ ∑§Ë Á⁄U¬Ê≈U¸ ∑§ ‚ȤÊÊflÊ¥ ∑§ ÄUà ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ◊„Uàfl ∑§Ê ‚◊¤ÊÊ ªÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚∑§ ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUUŸ ¬⁄U •Áœ∑§ ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊŸ ‹ªÊ „ÒU– ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ øÁ⁄UòÊ-ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ◊¥ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê •ŒÊ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ß‚Ë ∑§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ SflM§¬ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ Ÿ ÁŸêŸ ∑§Œ◊ ©UΔU ÊŸÊ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ ‚◊¤ÊÊ– ÿ„U ÷Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ ‚◊¤ÊÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ‚÷Ë ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê S∑ͧ‹Ë √UÿflSÕÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÃËŸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÁfløÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ÿÊÇÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „UÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– ¬„U‹Ë ©U‚∑§Ë •¬ŸË ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê, ŒÍ‚⁄UË flÊÃʸ‹Ê¬Ëÿ ÷Ê·Ê (Conversational Hindi or Fijian) •ÊÒ⁄U ÃË‚⁄UË •¢ª˝ ÊË ÷Ê·Ê– Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸêŸ ’ÊÃÊ¥ ¬⁄U äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒUó • ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ∑§ˇÊÊ ∞∑§ ‚ ∑§ˇÊÊ •ÊΔUU Ã∑§ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ ∑§⁄U ŒË ªß¸ „ÒU– • ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ fl·¸ ~ •ÊÒ⁄U fl·¸ vÆ ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „ÒU– fl·¸ vv, vw •ÊÒ⁄U vx ∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ flÒ∑§ÁÀ¬∑§/ øÿŸÊà◊∑§ Áfl·ÿ ∑§ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ©U¬‹éœ „ÒU– ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUUŸ ∑§Ê ◊Êäÿ◊ ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ŒflŸÊª⁄UË Á‹Á¬ „ÒU– • flÊÃʸ‹Ê¬Ëÿ (Conversational Hindi) Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU˜ÿÔ ∑˝§◊‚◊Sà ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË •ÊÒ⁄U ‚∑§¥ «U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹ ∑§ ªÒ⁄U-Á„¢UŒSÈ ÃÊŸË ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „ÒU– flÊÃʸ‹Ê¬Ëÿ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ◊Êäÿ◊ ⁄UÊ◊Ÿ Á‹Á¬ „ÒU– ◊ŸÈcÿ •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ Á¡ÃŸË ‚ˇÊ◊ÃÊ ‚ ∑§⁄U ‹ÃÊ „ÒU fl„U ©UÃŸË „UË ©UãŸÁà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ∑§Ê ‚◊Õ¸ ‚◊¤ÊÃÊ „ÒU ÃÕÊ ©U‚ •Ê¢ÃÁ⁄U∑§ ‚È∑§Í Ÿ ¬˝Êåà „UÊÃ Ê „ÒU– ß‚Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ê ◊„U‚‚ Í ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ Á»§¡Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∞fl¢ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ flÊÃʸ‹Ê¬Ëÿ

23


University (FNU), Fulton College, Corpus Christi-Teachers Training College)

Á„¢UŒË-Á»§¡ËÿŸ ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆÆ ‚ ‚÷Ë S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸Ã— ∞fl¢ ÁŸÿÁ◊à M§¬ ‚ ß‚ ∑§ÊÿʸÁãflà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU–

Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¡ËÁfl∑§Ê-ÿʬŸ

Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¡ËÁfl∑§Ê-ÿʬŸ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ÁŸ⁄U¢UÃ⁄U ÁflSÃÊ⁄U „UÊÃÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒUó • ‚Ÿ˜Ô v}|~ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~xv Ã∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ê߸ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕÊ– Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ë •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ ¡Ê ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ‹Ê∞ Õ ÿÊ Á»§⁄U ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ, ªËÃÊ •ÕflÊ •ãÿ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ôÊÊŸ ∑§Ê •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃ Õ– • •ª‹ ÃËŸ Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑ȧ¿U √UÿflÁSÕà „ÈU•Ê– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~{~ ◊¥ “Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •ÊÿÊª” ∑§Ë Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U ∑§ ‚ȤÊÊflÊ¥ (¬˝Êß◊⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ◊Êäÿ◊ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê „UÊ) ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ÃÊ •ÊŸ ‹ªË– • v~xÆ ‚ v~|Æ ∑§ fl·ÊZ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸-ˇÊòÊ •Áà ‚ËÁ◊à ÕÊ– • v~|Æ ◊¥ Á»§¡Ë SflâòÊ „ÈU•Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ŸËÁà Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ‚¢ÁflœÊŸ ∑§Ë œÊ⁄UÊ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ê߸ ÷Ë ‚¢‚Œ Á»§¡ËÿŸ •ÕflÊ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U ¬˝∑§≈U ∑§⁄U ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê Á„¢UŒË-Á»§¡ËÿŸ ¬⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •Áœ∑§ äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ– • ß‚ Ã⁄U„U •Ê¡ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸-ˇÊòÊ •Áà ÁflSÃÎà „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ’…∏UÃÊ „UË ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒUó ➢ •äÿʬ∑§, ‚◊Sà ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË •ÊÒ⁄U ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹,

•ŸÈflÊŒ∑§, ŒÈ÷ÊÁ·∞, ¬òÊ∑§Ê⁄U, ¬¢Á«UÃ, ‹π∑§, ¬˝Êßfl≈U Á„¢UŒË ≈˜UÔÿÍ≈U‚¸ •ÊÁŒ •ŸÊ©¢U‚‚¸ (Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ¿U„U ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ S≈U‡Êã‚ „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° øÊÒ’Ë‚ ÉÊ¢≈U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ø‹Ã „Ò¥U– ≈UË.flË. øÒŸÀ‚ Á»§¡Ë flŸ, ∞»§.’Ë.‚Ë.) Á„¢UŒË ¬òÊ∑§Ê⁄U (Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á¬¿U‹ ¿U„U Œ‡Ê∑§ ‚ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊŸflÊ‹Ê Á„¢UŒË ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U ¬òÊ “‡ÊÊ¢Áà ŒÍÔ–)

•ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆÆ Ã∑§ Á»§¡Ë ∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë (Hindi Computer typesetting, Hindi Software) ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§Ê ø‹Ÿ ’„ÈUà ∑§◊ ÕÊ– Á‡ÊˇÊÊ Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË •Áœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ÁŸÿÁ◊à M§¬ ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË •ÊÒ⁄U ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ ‚◊Sà •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ≈UÊ߬‚Á≈¢Uª ∑§Ë ÿÊÇÿÃÊ ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊŸ ◊¥ ¬Íáʸ ‚„UÿÊª ¬˝ŒÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ° ÿ„U ’ËÊÃ „ÈU∞ ◊ȤÊ πȇÊË „UÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚ ∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ¬ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á»§¡Ë ÁSÕà ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË •Áœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ’„ÈUà ‚„UÿÊª ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚÷Ë S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ªß¸, ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§Ë ªßZ– flø◊ÊŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞° ‚fl¸òÊ ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U, ÁflÁ÷㟠Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÚ$ç≈Uflÿ‚¸ ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U–

Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ

(International School in Fiji) ➢ ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§ ∞fl¢ ≈˜UÔÿÍ≈U‚¸ (University of the South Pacific (USP), University of Fiji, Fiji National

Á»§¡Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ¬Íáʸ ‚„UÿÊª ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ •Ÿ∑§ ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ∞°, œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° ß-◊Ÿ-œŸ ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „Ò¥Uó 24


Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø‚¸ ∞‚ÊÁ‚∞‡ÊŸ •ÊÚfl Á»§¡Ë

¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ ‚„UÿÊª Œ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ªÈ¡⁄UÊà ‚¢SÕÊ, Á‚Äπ ‚¢SÕÊ, ‚¢ª◊ ‚¢SÕÊ, ∑§’Ë⁄U ¬¢ÕË, fl„UÊ߸ œ◊¸, ∞‚Ë •Ÿ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§Ë ‚¢SÕÊ∞° ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ, Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ◊ ⁄Uπ „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U–

ß‚∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ wÆÆÆ ◊¥ ∑§Ë ªß¸, ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ◊Ò¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ÕË– ÿ„U ∞∑§ ⁄UÁ¡S≈U«¸U ’ÊÚ«UË „ÒUó Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø‚¸ ∞‚ÊÁ‚∞‡ÊŸ •ÊÚfl Á»§¡ËóŸ‡ÊŸ‹ ’ÊÚ«UË Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø‚¸ ∞‚ÊÁ‚∞‡ÊŸó¬Á‡ø◊Ë Áfl÷ʪ Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø‚¸ ∞‚ÊÁ‚∞‡ÊŸó©UûÊ⁄UË Áfl÷ʪ Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø‚¸ ∞‚ÊÁ‚∞‡ÊŸó∑¥§º˝Ëÿ Áfl÷ʪ ‚÷Ë •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄UŸÊ, Á„¢UŒË ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ◊ÈÅÿ ’ÊÃÊ¥ ¬⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄U-Áfl◊‡Ê¸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ, Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸÊ •ÊÁŒ– Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÚ$ç≈Uflÿ⁄U, Á„¢UŒË ≈UÊ߬‚Á≈¢Uª ∑§Ë ÿÊÇÿÃÊ ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊŸ ◊¥ ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ Ÿ ’„ÈUà ‚„UÿÊª ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU–

Á»§¡Ë ∑§ ¡ÊŸ-◊ÊŸ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄U, ‹π∑§-‹Áπ∑§Ê • •Êÿ¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê Á»§¡Ë Ÿ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~w| ◊¥ ¬¢Á«Uà •◊Ëø¢º˝

ÁflŒ˜ÔÿÊ‹¢∑§Ê⁄U ¡Ë ∑§Ê, Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ Á»§¡Ë ’È‹ÊÿÊ ÕÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~xz ◊¥ ¬¢. •◊Ëø¢º˝ ¡Ë Ÿ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¿U„U ¬ÊÁÕÿÊ° (Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬„U‹Ë, ŒÍ‚⁄UË, ŸflËŸ ÃË‚⁄UË, øÊÒÕË, ¬Ê°øflË, ¿UΔU flË¥) Á‹πË ÕË¥– • ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|Æ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á»§⁄U ’Œ‹Êfl •ÊÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬ÈŸ— •fl‹Ê∑§Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ Ÿß¸ ¬ÊΔUUÔ˜ÿ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ Á‹πË ªßZ– “◊⁄UË ¬„U‹Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§” ‚ ‹∑§⁄U “◊⁄UË ¿UΔUË ¬ÈSÃ∑§” Ã∑§ Á‹πË ªß¸– • ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆ~ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ’Œ‹Êfl ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∞‚Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ÷fl Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ¡Ê ß‚ Ÿß¸ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-ŸËÁà ∑§ ©UŒŒ˜Ô ‡ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝ÊÁåà ◊¥ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ „UÊ ÃÊÁ∑§ ’ëø ’Á¤Ê¤Ê∑§ „UÊ∑§⁄U Sflÿ¢ ∑§Ê •Á÷√UÿÄà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê •Êà◊Áfl‡flÊ‚ ⁄Uπ ‚∑¥§– ÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ flø◊ÊŸ ◊¥ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ø‹ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥Uó‡Êʇflà ôÊÊŸ v-y– • Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ÊΔUUÿ˜Ô ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ¡Ê«∏UÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ •äÿÿŸ ¡Ê«∏UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ Á‹πË „Ò¥U ¡Ê Á∑§ Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¡È«∏UË „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U– ÿ „Ò¥Uó‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÒÁÃ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-¬˝Êß◊⁄UË S∑ͧ‹, ∑§ˇÊÊ ¬Ê°ø •ÊÒ⁄U ¿U— ∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÃÕÊ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊŸfl œ◊¸-¬˝Êß◊⁄UË S∑ͧ‹, ∑§ˇÊÊ ‚Êà •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊΔUU ∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞–

•Êÿ¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê •ÊÚfl Á»§¡Ë SflÊ◊Ë ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ¡Ë ∑§ Á‚hÊ¢ÃÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U flÒÁŒ∑§ Á‚hÊ¢ÃÊ¥ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà „UÊŸ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ‚¢S∑Χà •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ©UãŸÁà •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ÁŸÿ◊Ê¥ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ ÁŸÿ◊ „ÒU– ‚ŸÔ˜ v}Æy ◊¥ Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ‚àÿ ‚ŸÊß flÒÁŒ∑§ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¤Ê¢«UÊ ‹„U⁄UÊÿÊ ªÿÊ– •Êÿ¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê ∑§ ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË, ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹ •ÊÒ⁄U ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË, ◊Á«U∑§‹, ‹ÊÚ S∑ͧ‹ ÷Ë „Ò¥U– ߟ ‚÷Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§Ë √UÿflSÕÊ „ÒU– ‚ŸÊß œ◊¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê •ÊÚfl Á»§¡ËóÁ„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬˝ªÁà ∑§ Á‹∞ fløŸ’h „ÒU– Á»§¡Ë ‚flÊ •ÊüÊ◊ ‚¢ÉÊ, Á»§¡ËóÁ„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‹ªË ‚¢SÕÊ „ÒU– S∑ͧ‹Ë ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§ÁflÃÊ-¬ÊΔUU, ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ-¬ÊΔUU, ‹πŸ, ÷Ê·áÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ãÿ •Ÿ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ∞° •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄UŸÊ, ‚¢S∑ΧÃ-Á„¢UŒË ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄UŸÊ •ÊÁŒ– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚, Á»§¡ËóÁ„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ’„ÈUà ’«∏UÊ ‚„UÿÊª ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ, ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ◊¥ ‚„UÿÊª ŒŸÊ •ÊÁŒ– •ãÿ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞°, ÿÍ.∞Ÿ.«UË.¬Ë. •ÊÁŒ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U25


• üÊË ∑¢§fl‹ ¡Ë Ÿ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|{ ◊¥ ‹πŸ ∑§Êÿ¸ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ–

Á„¢UŒÍ¬Ÿ •¬ŸÊ πÊ ’ÒΔU¥ , ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ flË⁄U ª¢flÊ⁄U Ÿ„UË¥– ß‚ ¬ÃŸ ∑§Ê ∑ȧ¿U ÃÊ ÿàŸ ∑§⁄UÊ, „U⁄U ∑È¢§ÃË ∑§Ê ¡ËflŸ ‚$»§‹ ⁄U„U, Á’Ÿ œ◊¸ œÊ⁄UáÊ Á∑§∞, ‚Èπ ‡ÊÊ¢Áà ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ⁄U Ÿ„UË¥– Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á¡Ÿ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU, fl „Ò¥Uó • •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë-$»§‚’È∑§, øÒ≈U, ß-◊‹ •ÊÁŒ ∑§ •Ê∑§·¸áÊ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝Áà ÿÈflÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ’…∏UÃË „ÈU߸ •L§Áø– • ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U œ◊¸ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ’…∏UÃË „ÈU߸ ÿÈflÊ flª¸ ∑§Ë •L§Áø ∑§Ê ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „ÒU Á∑§ fl„U ÿ„U ‚ÊøÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ÁflŒ‡Ê ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ∑§Ê߸ ◊„Uàfl Ÿ„UË¥ ⁄U„U ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ∑§fl‹ œŸ ∑§◊ÊŸ ∑§Ê ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚◊¤ÊŸ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝Áà •L§Áø ’…∏U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– • ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ ∑§ ’Œ‹Ã $πÿÊ‹, •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ¤ÊÈ∑§Êfl „ÒU– • ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ‹ÊŸ ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U •‚$»§‹ ¬˝ÿÊ‚– • ŒflŸÊª⁄UË Á‹Á¬ ∑§Ê SÕÊŸ ⁄UÊ◊  Ÿ Á‹Á¬ ‹ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊× Á„¢UŒË äflÁŸÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‹Ê¬ „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU–

∑§ß¸ ©U¬ãÿÊ‚, ∑§„UÊŸË ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ Á‹πË¥ Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ‚ ∑ȧ¿U Á»§¡Ë ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ‹ªË „ÈU߸ „Ò¥Uó“‚fl⁄UÊ”, “œ⁄UÃË ◊⁄UË ◊ÊÃÊ”, “∑§⁄Ufl≈U”, “„U◊ ‹Êª”, “‚Êà ‚◊Ⱥ˝ ¬Ê⁄U”, “∑ȧ¿U ¬ûÊ ∑ȧ¿U ¬¢πÈÁ«∏UÿÊ°”– • üÊË◊ÃË •◊⁄U¡Ëà ∑¢§fl‹ Ÿ Á»§¡Ë ∑§Ë Áª⁄UÁ◊≈U ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ∑§ÁflÃÊ-‚¢ª˝„U ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ ∑§Ë– “ø‹Ê ø‹¥ ©U‚ ¬Ê⁄U”, “©U¬„UÊ⁄U”, “SflÁáʸ◊ ‚Ê°¤Ê”óß‚∑§ Á‹∞ ßã„¥U ¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ‚ ‚ê◊ÊÁŸÃ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– • •ãÿ ‹π∑§ — ¬¢Á«Uà ∑§◊‹Ê ¬˝‚ÊŒó“◊ÈÀ∑§ ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ∞°” • ¬¢Á«Uà ¬˝Ãʬ ø¢º˝ó“¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷¡ŸÊ¢¡Á‹”, ß‚ Ã⁄U„U ’„ÈUà ‚Ê⁄UÊ ‹πŸ ∑§Êÿ¸ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ¬⁄U ŒÈ÷ʸÇÿfl‡Ê •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê× ¿U¬ Ÿ ‚∑§Ê– • Áª⁄UÁ◊≈U-∑§Ê‹ËŸ Á»§¡Ë ∑§Ë ŒŒ¸ ÷⁄UË ⁄UøŸÊ ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊó ŸªÊŸÊ „U◊ ‚ ¿ÍU≈U Ÿ åÿÊ⁄UË, Œ‚ ¿ÍU≈UÊ ¡Êà ¿ÍU≈UË, ¿ÍU≈UË ’ʬ ◊„UÃÊ⁄UË, ŸªÊŸÊ „U◊ ‚ ¿ÍU≈U Ÿ åÿÊ⁄UË, ß‚ ≈UÊ¬Í ∑§Ê ÷Ê°ª ŸªÊŸÊ, ¬Ë ∑§ ⁄UÊà ªÈ¡Ê⁄UË, ŒÍ‚⁄UË ⁄UøŸÊó ‚ÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê œ◊¸ Á«UªÊŸ ∑§Ê ¡’, •ŸÈÿÊÁÿÿÊ¥ Ÿ ∑§◊⁄U ∑§‚Ë, ¡‹ •ª◊ ◊¥ ∑È¢§ÃË ∑ͧŒ ¬«∏UË, ¬Ê⁄U ’„UË ◊¤ÊœÊ⁄U Ÿ„UË¥– •àÿÊøÊ⁄U ∑§Ë øÄ∑§Ë ◊¥, Á¬‚ ∑§⁄U œ◊¸ Ÿ„UË¥ ¿UÊ«∏UÊ,

¬˝œÊŸ, Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø‚¸ ∞‚ÊÁ‚∞‡ÊŸ •ÊÚfl Á»§¡Ë (National Body) 48 Namena Road, Nabua, Suva PO Box 11440, Suva PO Box 3400, Lautoka mrsramrakha@gmail.com

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z. Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚ ‚ÈüÊË ©UŒËøË ¬Ê¢«Uÿ ‡ÊÊœ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ÄÿÊ ÿ„U ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ‚¢÷fl „UÊ ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU? ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~}~ ◊¥ „UË The Hindi Society (Singapore) ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ „ÈU߸– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~w ∑§Ë flÊÁ·¸∑§ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ◊¥ ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ Hindi Society ∑§ Á‹∞ ÿ„U ¬Á⁄U∑§À¬ŸÊ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÕË Á∑§ „U◊Ê⁄UË •¬ŸË ∞∑§ ∞‚Ë ß◊Ê⁄Uà „UÊ ¡„UÊ° ¬⁄U „U◊ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ‚Ê⁄UË ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ° •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄U ‚∑¥§– ‡ÊÈL§•ÊÃË ŒÊÒ⁄U ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á‹πŸ ‚ ÿÊŒÊ ’Ê‹Ÿ ¬⁄U ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÷Ë ©UÃŸË ÿÊŒÊ ©U¬‹éœ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË¥– ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ „UË ◊¢ªÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË ÕË¥– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ß‚∑§Ê ŒÈc¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ ÿ„U ÕÊ Á∑§ ¬Ê°øÊ¥ NTIL ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ •‹ª-•‹ª ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ •ÊÒ⁄U •‹ª•‹ª ’ÊÃ¥ Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊŸ ‹ªË¥– ‚÷Ë •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ …¢Uª ‚ ¬…∏UÊ ⁄U„U Õ– ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ Ã∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÊåÃÊ¢∑§ ©UŸ∑§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ ¬òÊ ◊¥ ÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥ ¡È≈UÃ Õ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ Ã’ Ã∑§ ‚Ê⁄UË NTIL ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚◊ÊŸÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~} ‚ ∑ȧ¿U ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Common Examinations ‡ÊÈM§ „ÈU∞– Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ PSLE •ÊÒ⁄U O-Level ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ÿ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë ªßZ– wx ¡È‹Ê߸, wÆÆÆ ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ªáÊfl‡Ê ’ŸÊÿÊ ªÿÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆÆ ◊¥ „UË ¬„U‹Ë ’Ê⁄U ⁄¢UªËŸ flÊÁ·¸∑§ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ’ŸÊ߸ ªß¸– •èÿÊ‚ ¬ÈÁSÃ∑§Ê∞° ’ŸÊ߸ ªßZ, Á¡‚‚ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÿÊŒÊ ‚ ÿÊŒÊ Á‹Áπà •èÿÊ‚ ∑§⁄UflÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§– fl·¸ wÆÆÆ ◊¥ ‚÷Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§Ë ªß¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ-¬òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¡Ê°ø ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ¡„UÊ° ¬⁄U ‚÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ-¬òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¡Ê°ø ∑§Ë ªß¸– ÿ„U ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ß‚Á‹∞ ÷Ë ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÃÊÁ∑§ ‚÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚◊ÊŸ SÃ⁄U ’ŸÊ ⁄U„U–

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ŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ê wz fl·¸ „UÊ øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– „U◊ ‚÷Ë ß‚ fl·¸ Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ∑§Ë ⁄U¡Ã ¡ÿ¢ÃË ◊ŸÊ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ∑§Ë ‚$»§‹ÃʬÍfl¸∑§ SÕʬŸÊ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ– „U◊Ê⁄U ÁfllÊÕ˸ ¬˝Áà fl·¸ ’…∏UÃ ⁄U„U •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê¡ ÿÁŒ „U◊ Œπ¥ ÃÊ wz fl·ÊZ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ©UŸ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ~~ ‚ ’…∏U∑§⁄U xÆ}v „UÊ ªß¸ „ÒU– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~wÆ-v~yÆ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ë ‹Êª ∑§„UË¥ ∞∑§ÁòÊà „UÊ∑§⁄U ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ÁŒÿÊ ∑§⁄UÃ Õ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~xÆ ◊¥ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹Ê߸ ¡ÊÃË ÕË¥– ߟ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¿UÊ≈U-¿UÊ≈U ‚◊Í„UÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~{y ◊¥ ∞∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ πÈ‹Ê, Á¡‚∑§Ê ŸÊ◊ “«UË.∞.flË.” ÕÊ, ¡„UÊ° ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊È$çà Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ŒË ¡ÊÃË ÕË– ¬„U‹ ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ◊¥ •Ê∞ „ÈU∞ Á¡ÃŸ ÷Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ „Ò¥U, ©UŸ◊¥ ‚ •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ÿ ◊¡’Í⁄UË ◊¥ „UË ‚„UË ¬⁄¢UÃÈ øÊßŸË Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ◊‹ÿ ’Ê‹ŸÊ ‚Ëπ Á‹ÿÊ– vx ¡È‹Ê߸, v~~Æ ∑§ ∞∑§ ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U-¬òÊ ◊¥ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈU߸ Á¡‚◊¥ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê Á Ê∑˝§ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ Á∑§ Indian Singaporean ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§-¬˝Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ •ë¿UÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕÊ– ß‚∑§Ê ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÿ„U ’ÃÊÿÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ ¡Ê ÃËŸ ◊ÈÅÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° ÕË¥, øÊßŸË Ê, ◊‹ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ÃÁ◊‹, ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ©Uã„UË¥ ◊¥ ‚ Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ ∑§Ê øÈŸÊfl ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÕÊ, ¡Ê Á∑§ ©UŸ∑§Ë ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË– Á¡‚∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ’„ÈUà ‚ ’ëø ß‚ ‚◊SÿÊ ‚ ¡Í¤Ê ⁄U„U Õ– ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ NTIL (Non Tamil Indian Languages) ∑§Ê ªΔUUŸ „ÈU•Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚◊¥ ¬˝àÿ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ √ÿÁÄà mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœàfl Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– NTIL ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ¬Ê°ø ◊ÈÅÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° •ÊÃË „Ò¥U󒢪ʋË, ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃË, ¬¢¡Ê’Ë, Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U©UŒÍ¸– v~}~ ◊¥ Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊË mÊ⁄UÊ ÿ„U ÉÊÊ·áÊÊ ∑§Ë ªß¸ Á∑§ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ’ëø NTIL ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚ Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ÁmÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬…∏U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ ∞∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§Á◊≈UË ’ŸÊ߸ ªß¸ Á¡‚◊¥ ß‚ ’Êà ¬⁄U

Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ’Œ‹ÃÊ SflM§¬ ¬„U‹ ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ◊¥ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ë ‹ÊªÊ¥ 27


∑§Ê ß∑§≈˜UΔU Ê ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÕÊ– ¬„U‹ ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ÿ ¡’ ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ •Êª◊Ÿ Á∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ’Ÿ ¡ÊŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ©UŸ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ’„ÈUà ‚Ê⁄U •Á÷÷Êfl∑§Ê¥ Á∑§ÿÊ Ã’ ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ‡ÊÊÿŒ ‹ˇÿ Á‚$»¸§ ⁄UÊ ÊË-⁄UÊ≈UË „UË ∑§◊ÊŸÊ ÕÊ– ∑§ ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿ∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ÁfløÊ⁄U ÷Ë ‚ÈŸŸ ◊¥ •Ê∞– ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊ ∑§ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U ߟ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ ∑§ÁflÃÊ ÿÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ œË⁄U-œË⁄U ¡’ ⁄U„UŸ-‚„UŸ ∑§Ê SÃ⁄U ‚Èœ⁄UÊ Ã’ ©Uã„¥U •¬ŸË ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊÃÎ÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ •ÊÿÊ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ •¬ŸË ¬„UøÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ŸË Á∑§‚Ë ◊„UÊŸ √ÿÁÄà ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ Á Ê∑˝§ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕÊ– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ߟ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ’øÊ∞ ⁄UπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§ß¸ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ∑§ÊÁ‡Ê‡Ê¥ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë¥– ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ’ŸÊŸ ◊¥ ’„ÈUà ‚Ê⁄UË •ë¿UË ’ÊÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÊ ¡’ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~Æ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ „ÈU߸ Ã’ Á„¢UŒË ªÿÊ– ¡Ò‚ ÿÁŒ „U◊ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ∞∑§ ∑§Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ∑§Ê Œπ¥ ÃÊ ß‚∑§Ê ’Ê‹Ÿ ÿÊ ¬…∏UŸ ∑§Ë ÿ„U ÁSÕÁà ÕË Á∑§ fl ‚÷Ë ‹Êª ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬„U‹Ê ¬ÎcΔUU fláʸ◊Ê‹Ê ‚ ‡ÊÈM§ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃÊ– ß‚∑§ ¬Ë¿U ∑ȧ¿U ‚Êø ÿÊ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§ •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U „Ò¥U– ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄U Õ ©Uã„¥U ’È‹Ê∑§⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ΔUUŸ•’ ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U ’Êà Á‚$»¸§ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ¬ÊΔUUŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ∞∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê Œ’Êfl ¬˝àÿ∑§ ‚◊Í„U ‚ ∑ȧ¿U •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‹ ∑ §⁄U ¬˝ à ÿ ∑ § ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑ § Á‹∞ ¬È S Ã∑§Ê ¥ ∑§Ê ∑§Ë Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– •’ ¡’ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ •¢∑§ ŒŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ ÕÊ– Ã’ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ~~ ÁŸ◊ʸ á Ê Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ©U Ÿ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê ¥ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡È«∏UŸ ‹ª „Ò¥U Ã’ „U◊¥ ß‚ ÕË– œË⁄U-œË⁄U Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ ¥ ‚ ◊Ò ¢ ÷Ë ∞∑§ „Í ° U – fl„U „U ◊ Ê⁄U Ë ∞∑§ ’Êà ¬⁄U äÿÊŸ ŒŸÊ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ©UŸ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ‚¢ÅÿÊ ’…∏UŸ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸflÊ‹ ©U ¬ ‹Áéœ ÕË– ÿ„U •‹ª ’Êà „Ò U Á∑§ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ê SÃ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ∑§ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ÷Ë ’…∏UÊÃ⁄UË „ÈU߸– ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ’Ÿ ¡ÊŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ©UŸ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ⁄UÊcÔ≈˛U√ÿÊ¬Ë SÃ⁄U ◊¥ ‚◊ÊŸÃÊ „UÊ– fl„U ß‚ ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ Ã⁄UË∑§ ’„ÈUà ‚Ê⁄U •Á÷÷Êfl∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „UÊ Á∑§ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ◊¥ •ë¿U ’Œ‹Ã ⁄U„U •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ÊªÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ŒŸ ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿ∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ÁfløÊ⁄U ÷Ë ‚ÈŸŸ ◊¥ •¢∑§ ÷Ë ¬˝Êåà „UÊ¥– Ã⁄UË∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ‚ÈœÊ⁄U „ÈU•Ê– ¬„U‹ ‚÷Ë •Ê∞– ¬„U‹ ¡’ ’ëøÊ¥ Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ •¬ŸË ßë¿UÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U •‹ª-•‹ª Ã⁄UË∑§ ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ÃÊ ©UŸ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ Á‚$»¸§ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊÃ ⁄U„U Á»§⁄U ÿ„U Ãÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ¡Ê ÷Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ŒË ¡Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU fl„U ∑§◊-‚-∑§◊ ∞∑§ ¡Ò‚Ë „UÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– ’Ê‹ŸflÊ‹ flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ◊¥ ÃËŸ-øÊ⁄U ÉÊ¢≈U √ÿÃËà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÕÊ– ¡’ ’ëøÊ¥ ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ ∑ȧ¿U ‚Ê‹Ê¥ Ã∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ◊¢ªflÊ߸ ªßZ– ’ëøÊ¥ Ÿ ∑§ •¢∑§ ¡È«∏UŸ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÈL§•Êà „ÈU߸ Ã’ ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ ∑§Ë Áø¢ÃÊ ÷Ë ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ‚Ê‹Ê¥ Ã∑§ ’Ê‹-÷Ê⁄UÃË •ÊÒ⁄U ôÊÊŸ-‚ÈœÊ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÷Ë ¬…∏UË¥– ¡’ „ÈU߸– „U◊Ê⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ’„ÈUà ‚ ’ëø ∞‚ „Ò¥U Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§÷Ë ÷Ê⁄Uà „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆ| ◊¥ „U◊¥ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U$»§ ‚ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ◊ŒŒ Á◊‹Ë Ã’ „U◊¥ ÷Ë •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ∑§Ê ‚ÊÁ’à ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÕÊ Á∑§ „U◊ Á¡‚ NTIL ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ŒπÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ’ÃÊŸÊ ∑§÷Ë-∑§÷Ë •‚¢÷fl ‚Ê ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U ©U‚∑§Ë ‚Ê⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊ÊŸ SÃ⁄U „ÒU „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÿÁŒ fl ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U ÃÊ fl„U ÷Ë ŒÍ⁄UŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚– Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ◊¥ „U◊Ÿ ’„ÈUà ‚ ŒÍ‚⁄U Ã⁄U„U •ÊÒ⁄U Á»§⁄U NTIL ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã •¬ŸË ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ’ŸÊ߸ ªßZ– ¬˝àÿ∑§ ‚◊Í„U ‚ ∑ȧ¿U •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ¬˝àÿ∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ÷Ë ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§∞ „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ‚ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ L§Áø∑§⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ©UŸ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚ „UÊ ¡Ê∞– ¡Ò‚ “‡ÊÊ ∞¥«U ≈U‹” (S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ∞¥«U ⁄UËÁ«¢Uª ∞‚‚◊¥≈U), “S≈UÊ⁄UË ◊Ò¢ ÷Ë ∞∑§ „Í°U– fl„U „U◊Ê⁄UË ∞∑§ ©U¬‹Áéœ ÕË– ÿ„U •‹ª ’Êà „ÒU

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Á∑§ Ÿß¸ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÿ„U ‚◊¤ÊÊ ¬ÊŸÊ ’„ÈUà ◊ÈÁ‡∑§‹ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ fl Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ‚ ÁÄ‹c≈U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§Ë ©Uê◊ËŒ Ÿ ∑§⁄¥U– ∑§÷Ë-∑§÷Ë ÁŒÄ∑§Ã ÿ„U „UÊÃË „ÒU Á∑§ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á„U‚Ê’ ‚ Ÿ„UË¥ ’ÁÀ∑§ •¬Ÿ ôÊÊŸ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ŒÃË „Ò¥U ¡Ê Á∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚◊¤Ê ¬ÊŸÊ •‚¢÷fl „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ŒÍ‚⁄UË ‚◊SÿÊ Á¡‚∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ „U◊¥ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU, fl„U „UÊÃÊ „ÒU •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‹¢’ ‚◊ÿ Ã∑§ Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ Ÿ L§∑§ ¬ÊŸÊ– „U◊Ê⁄UË •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° «UË.¬Ë. (Deputation) ¬⁄U „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– ¡’ Ã∑§ ÕÊ«∏UÊ-’„ÈUà fl πÈŒ ∑§Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U ¬ÊÃË „Ò¥U Ã’ Ã∑§ ©UŸ∑§Ê Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ‚ SÕÊŸÊ¢Ã⁄UáÊ „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– „U◊Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ◊¥ ‹ª÷ª vxz •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° „Ò¥U– fl·¸ wÆvy ◊¥ „U◊Ê⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ∑ȧ‹ ‚¢ÅÿÊ xÆ}v „UÊ ªß¸– ÿ„U ’…∏UÃË „ÈU߸ ‚¢ÅÿÊ ©UŸ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÿÊŒÊ „ÒU ¡Ê ∑ȧ¿U „UË ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ ⁄U„UÃ „Ò¥U– „U◊Ê⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ¡Ê ÷Ë ÁfllÊÕ˸ „Ò¥U ©UŸ◊¥ ‚ Á‚$»¸§ wÆ ¬˝ÁÇÊà „UË ∞‚ „Ò¥U ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ã „Ò¥U– ’Ê∑§Ë ’ëø ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ •‹ª-•‹ª ¬˝Ê¢ÃÊ¥ ‚ „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ ÿÊ Á»§⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ◊ÊÃÊÁ¬ÃÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÷Ê·Ê ¡Ò‚Ë „UË „ÒU– fl ÷Ë •¬Ÿ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ’„ÈUà ¬Á⁄UüÊ◊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§Ë ©Uê◊ËŒ¥ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê¥ ‚ ’„ÈUà ÿÊŒÊ „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– ÿÁŒ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ •ë¿U Ÿ„UË¥ •Ê∞ ÃÊ •Á÷÷Êfl∑§ ◊ÊÿÍ‚ ÷Ë „UÊ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ë¿U •¢∑§ ÁŒ‹ÊŸÊ „ÒU– •¢∑§Ê¥ ∑§ øÄ∑§⁄U ◊¥ ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ ÿ„U ÷Í‹ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ ‚fl¸¬˝Õ◊ ’ëø ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬‚¢Œ ∑§⁄UŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „ÒU– „U◊Ê⁄UË ¬Í⁄UË ∑§ÊÁ‡Ê‡Ê „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ‚ ÷Ë ¡Ê«∏U∑§⁄U ⁄Uπ ‚∑¥§–

≈UÁ‹¢ª”, “S¬Ëø ∞¥«U «˛UÊ◊Ê”, ∞∑§ ‚Ê‹ ◊¥ ÃËŸ ’Ê⁄U •‹ª-•‹ª ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞ŸÁ⁄Uø◊¥≈U ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ •ÊÁŒ–

Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ŒŸ ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ICT PORTAL

¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ICT PORTAL ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „UÊÃÊ „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ ’ëø fláʸ◊Ê‹Ê, ‚◊ÊŸÊÕ˸, Áfl‹Ê◊ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ê •èÿÊ‚ ÉÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ’ÒΔU -’ÒΔU ∑§⁄U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U–

⁄¢UªËŸ ∑§Ê«˜U‚¸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§Ê«˜U‚¸ ¬⁄U •¬Ÿ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ Á‹π∑§⁄U ŒŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á’ŸÊ ∞∑§-ŒÍ‚⁄U ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ-¬„UøÊŸ ∑§ •¬Ÿ ‚„U¬ÊΔUUË ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ¡ÊŸŸÊ– ⁄¢UªËŸ ∑§Ê«˜U‚¸ ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª mÊ⁄UÊ ∑§ˇÊÊ ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ’ÊÃ¥ ‚◊¤Ê ¬ÊŸÊ– ÁŸ’¢œ ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ê«˜U‚¸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „UÊŸÊ– „U◊ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÿÊŒÊ ‚ ÿÊŒÊ Ã‚flË⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¬…∏UÊŸÊ øÊ„UÃ „Ò¥U ÃÊÁ∑§ fl ©U‚ Áfl‡Ê· Áfl·ÿ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ∑§À¬ŸÊ ∑§⁄U ‚∑¥§–

ç‹Ò‡Ê ∑§Ê«˜U‚¸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ¿UÊ≈UË ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê Áfl‡Ê· äÿÊŸ ⁄UπÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∑§◊-‚-∑§◊ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ŒπŸË ¬«∏¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ÿÊŒÊ ‚ ÿÊŒÊ fl ÁøòÊÊ¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¬…¥∏U– $ç‹Ò‡Ê ∑§Ê«˜U‚¸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „U◊ ∑§ß¸ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ‚ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ¡Ò‚ ÁªŸÃË, ⁄¢UªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬„UøÊŸ, •Ê∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ •ÊÁŒ–

àÿÊ„UÊ⁄U „UÊ‹Ë, ⁄UˇÊÊ-’¢œŸ, Œ‡Ê„U⁄UÊ, ŒË¬Êfl‹Ë, ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÁŒfl‚ •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬Í⁄UË ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ŒË ¡ÊÃË „ÒU–

◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ M§¬ ‚ ÁŸ’¢œ ‹πŸ ◊¥ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ÁŒÄ∑§ÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒU– ¡Ê „U◊Ê⁄UË ¬È⁄UÊŸË •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° „Ò¥U fl •’ Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊¤ÊÊ ¬ÊŸ ◊¥ ∑§Ê$»§Ë „UŒ Ã∑§ ‚$»§‹ „UÊ ¬ÊÃË „Ò¥U, ¡’

◊ÈÅÿ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê, Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ◊◊ÊÁ⁄Uÿ‹ x ⁄U‚ ∑§Ê‚¸ ‹Ÿ Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U wv}|xv hindi@singnet.com.sg

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{. ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ÉÊ¢≈U ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄Uà „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Êª˝Êê‚ ß¢≈U⁄UŸ≈U ¬⁄U ÷Ë ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U– ¬⁄U¢UÃÈ ∑§Ê߸ Á„¢UŒË •$π’Ê⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– „UÊ‹ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ŸÿÊ •$π’Ê⁄U ߢÁ«UÿŸ ∞Ä‚¬˝‚ ‡ÊÈM§ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU, Á¡‚◊¥ v-w ¬ãŸ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‚◊Á¬¸Ã Á∑§∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ∑§ß¸ ‡Ê„U⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ •’ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ◊ŸÊÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ÁfllÊ‹ÿ •¬Ÿ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê·Ê, ‚¢ªËÃ, ÁŸ’¢œ ßàÿÊÁŒ ∑§Ë ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ∞° ÷Ë ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ‚÷Ë ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ∑§Ê •Áœ∑§ •ÊŸ¢Œ ©UΔU ÊÃ „Ò¥U– •ÊÚ∑§‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ ¡„UÊ° ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ’«∏UË ◊ÊòÊÊ ◊¥ „ÒU fl„UÊ° ¡ŸÃÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ë ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U ¡Ê „U$çÃ-÷⁄U ø‹Ã „Ò¥U– ß‚ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ◊¥ üÊË◊ÊŸ ‚àÿÊ ŒûÊ ¡Ë ∑§Ê ’„ÈUà ’«∏UÊ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ‚Ê‹ ¬„U‹Ë ’Ê⁄U flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ ∑§ ÁflÄ≈UÊÁ⁄UÿÊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊À≈UË∑§Àø⁄U‹ Ä‹’ mÊ⁄UÊ ∞∑§ ‚åÃÊ„U ∑§Ê ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ‚¢ÁflœÊŸ mÊ⁄UÊ •¬˝flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄UπŸ ∑§Ë •ŸÈ◊Áà ŒÃË ÃÊ „ÒU ¬⁄U ∑ȧ¿U „UË ∑§Ê ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– ∑§Ê߸ ÷Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê ßŸ◊¥ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– •ÊÚ∑§‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ ÃËŸ ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ÿ„U ¬⁄UˡÊÊ Áfl·ÿ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ‹¢ø •Êfl⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ŒÃ „Ò¥U– ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§◊-‚-∑§◊ vz ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê „UÊŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „ÒU– ß‚ S∑ͧ‹ ∑§ Á¬˝¢Á‚¬‹, ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvz ◊¥ •¬Ÿ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË •ÊÚå‡ÊŸ ŒŸÊ øÊ„UÃ „Ò¥U– ߟ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡„UÊ° Áfl∑§Ê‚ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU fl„UË¥ ∑ȧ¿U ∞‚Ë ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÊ° „Ò¥U ¡Ê Áø¢ÃÊ¡Ÿ∑§ „Ò¥U– ‚’‚ ¬„U‹ ÃÊ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê Á‚πÊŸ ∑§Ë Á Êê◊ŒÊ⁄UË ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ ∑§Ë „UÊÃË „ÒU– ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊Ê° •ÊÒ⁄U ÉÊ⁄U ‚ ‡ÊÈM§ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU ¬⁄U •Ê¡ ÿ„U ŒπÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á∑§ •¢ª˝ ÊË ∑§Ê ÿÊŒÊ ◊„Uàfl ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ŒÈ÷ʸÇÿ „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚◊ÈŒÊÿ ÿ„U Ÿ„UË¥ ‚◊¤Ê ¬Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á∑§ •¬ŸË ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ÁŸ¬ÈáÊ „UÊŸ ‚ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝’‹ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– „U◊ •¬Ÿ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸-Á‹πÊ߸, ∞ÄS≈˛UÊ-∑§Á⁄UÄÿÍ‹⁄U ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ¡Ò‚ π‹-∑ͧŒ, ŸÎàÿ-‚¢ªËà ¬⁄U ÿÊŒÊ äÿÊŸ ŒŸ ‹ª

ãÿÍ

ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ •Ê¡ ‹ª÷ª wÆÆ ÷Ê·Ê∞° ’Ê‹Ë ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ߟ◊¥ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∞∑§ „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ° ∑§Ë •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ÷Ê·Ê∞° •¢ª˝ ÊË Ã ⁄U•Ê ◊Ê•Ê⁄UË (•ÊÁŒflÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê) •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ê߸Ÿ ‹Ò¥Çfl¡ (◊Í∑§’Áœ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê) „Ò¥U– •¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Á»§¡Ë, ÷Ê⁄UÃ, ÿÍ.∑§., ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê, ∑§ãÿÊ, â ÊÊÁŸÿÊ •ÊÁŒ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ‚ „Ò¥U– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvx ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ •’ {{,xvw „UÊ ªß¸ „Ò¥U– ÿ„U •Ê°∑§«∏UÊ ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆ{ ∑§ ◊È∑§Ê’‹ ww,ÆÆÆ •Áœ∑§ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË •’ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ øÊÒÕ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊÚ∑§‹Ò¥«U ‡Ê„U⁄U ◊¥ ÃË‚⁄U SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U „ÒU, ¡„UÊ° y~zv} Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ë ÁŸflÊ‚ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– •Ê°∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ ¬ÒŒÊ „ÈU∞ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ◊¥ ∑§fl‹ v}.z ¬˝ÁÇÊà Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ã „Ò¥U– ÿ„U ‚¢ÅÿÊ ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÒŒÊ „ÈU∞ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÃÈ‹ŸÊ ◊¥ xÆ.v ¬˝ÁÇÊà ‚ ∑§◊ „ÒU ¡Ê Áø¢ÃÊ¡Ÿ∑§ „ÒU– ŸËø ÁŒ∞ ª∞ ⁄UπÊÁøòÊ ‚ ∑§Ê߸ ÷Ë •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ ‹ªÊ ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ •ª⁄U ß‚ ÁSÕÁà ◊¥ ¬˝ªÁà Ÿ„UË¥ „ÈU߸ ÃÊ •ÊªÊ◊Ë ¬ËÁ…∏UÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ÉÊ≈UÃÊ ¡Ê∞ªÊ •ÊÒ⁄U „U◊¥ ÁflSÃÊ⁄UáÊ ◊¥ •Áœ∑§ ¬Á⁄UüÊ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U œŸ πø¸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UªÊ– ’„UÃ⁄U „UÊªÊ Á∑§ „U◊ •Ê¡ „UË ‚ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ∞‚Ë ŸËÁÃÿÊ° ’ŸÊ∞° Á¡‚‚ ’ëø •ÊÒ⁄U ÿÈflÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄U ‚∑¥§– ÿlÁ¬ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÈŸŸ •ÊÒ⁄U •ŸÈ÷fl ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ •Ÿ∑§ ‚È•fl‚⁄U ¬˝Êåà „Ò¥U, Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ‚¢⁄UˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ‚’‚ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ◊ÊÃÊÁ¬ÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ∑§Ê „UË „ÒU– ’«∏UË-’«∏UË ∑¢§¬ÁŸÿÊ° ¡Ò‚ ∞.∞Ÿ. ¡«U ’Ò¥∑§, ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ Ã⁄UÊŸÊ, ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ ∞Ÿ ¡«U •ÊÁŒ ’«∏U ‡Ê„U⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ àÿÊ„UÊ⁄UÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uà‚flÊ¥ ∑§Ê S¬ÊÚã‚⁄U ∞fl¢ ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥U– ߟ àÿÊ„UÊ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁŒflÊ‹Ë, „UÊ‹Ë, ⁄UˇÊÊ-’¢œŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ߸Œ „Ò¥U– ∑§ß¸ Á‚≈UË ∑§Ê©¢UÁ‚‹ ÷Ë •¬Ÿ ‡Ê„U⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ©Uà‚fl ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ◊¥ ◊ŒŒ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ∑§ß¸ fl·ÊZ ‚ ÁŒflÊ‹Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ߸Œ ‚¢‚Œ ÷flŸ ’Ë„UÊßfl ◊¥ „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍ⁄UŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ¡Ò‚ ÊË.≈UË.flË., S≈UÊ⁄U å‹‚ ÿ„UÊ° Á◊‹Ã „Ò¥U– SÕÊŸËÿ ≈UË.flË. øÒŸÀ‚ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ „U◊¥ •Ÿ∑§ Ã⁄U„U ∑§ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á$»§À◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊŸ¢Œ ¬˝Êåà „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– •Ê∑§Ê‡ÊflÊáÊË mÊ⁄UÊ øÊÒ’Ë‚ 30


Percent 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Under 15

15-29

30-64 Age group (years)  2006 Census  2013 Census Note : Some percentage may be too small to show on graph Source : Statistics New Zealand

65 and over

S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ÄÿÊ ¬…∏UÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞ªÊ, ß‚∑§Ê ÁŸáʸÿ Sflÿ¢ S∑ͧ‹ ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ-◊¢«U‹ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ∞∑§ Ã⁄U$»§ ÿ„U SflâòÊÃÊ „ÒU ÃÊ ŒÍ‚⁄UË Ã⁄U$»§ ¬Í⁄U ‚ÊœŸ Ÿ „UÊŸ ∑§Ë ‹ÊøÊ⁄UË– ¿UÊòÊ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ©U¬ÿÈÄà „ÒU ÃÊ ≈UËø⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ ≈UËø⁄U „Ò¥U ÃÊ ©U¬ÿÈÄà ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ¿UÊòÊ Ÿ„UË¥– ÿ„U ¬Á⁄UÁUSÕÁà ∑§fl‹ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ’ÁÀ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¤Ê‹ŸÊ ¬«∏U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Ÿ„UË¥ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– •Ê¡∑§‹ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ÄflÊÁ‹Á$»§∑§‡Ê¢‚ •ÕÊÚÁ⁄U≈UË (∞Ÿ. Ê«U.ÄÿÍ.∞.) ÷Ê·Ê ¬…∏UÊŸflÊ‹ ≈UËø‚¸ ÄflÊÁ‹Á$»§∑§‡ÊŸ ‹fl‹ y-z ÄflÊÁ‹Á$»§∑§‡ÊŸ (‚Á≈¸UÁ»$ §∑§≈U/Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê)∑§Ê ¬ÈŸ⁄UˡÊáÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „ÒU¥– Á¡‚◊¥ •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ÷Ê·Ê Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ „ÒU– ß‚Ë ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ◊‚Ë ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË ÷Ë •¬Ÿ ‹fl‹ {-| (’Òø‹⁄U/◊ÊS≈U‚¸) ÄflÊÁ‹Á$»§∑§‡ÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬ÈŸ⁄UˡÊáÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U „U◊Ê⁄U Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ‚⁄UÊ„UŸËÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ’„ÈU◊ÍÀÿ ∑§Œ◊ „ÒU–

„Ò¥U– ß‚◊¥ ’„ÈUà œŸ πø¸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ∑§ß¸ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÁfløÊ⁄U „ÒU Á∑§ ÿ„U ‚’ ∑§⁄UŸ ‚ ©UŸ∑§ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ∑§Ê Œ¡Ê¸ ™§¬⁄U „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ‚flÊ‹ ©UΔU ÃÊ „UË Ÿ„UË¥– ¡„UÊ° ∞∑§ Ã⁄U$»§ ªÒ⁄U-÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸÊ øÊ„UÃ „Ò¥U fl„UË¥ ŒÍ‚⁄UË Ã⁄U$»§ „U◊Ê⁄U •¬Ÿ ÿÈflÊ •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê·Ê ‚ ◊È°„U ◊Ê«∏U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U, Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ÿ ‚ Á„UøÁ∑§øÊÃ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ •¬ŸÊ ŸÊ◊ ÷Ë ’Œ‹ ‹Ã „Ò¥U ¡Ò‚ ∑§Ê◊‹ ‚ ∑§Ê◊Ê‹, ∑ΧcáÊ ‚ ∑Χ‡ÊÊŸ, ∑§◊‹ ‚ ∑§◊Ê‹ •ÊÁŒ– ߟ∑§Ê „U◊ ŒÊ·Ë Ÿ„UË¥ ΔUU„U⁄UÊ ‚∑§Ã!

⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆ| ◊¥ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ¬ÊΔU˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ‹Ê∞ ª∞ Õ– ß‚∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÷Ê·Ê flª¸ ∑§Ê ŒÊ ÷ʪÊ¥ ◊¥ Áfl÷ÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊó(v) •¢ª˝ ÊË •ÊÒ⁄U (w) •ãÿ ‚÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê∞°– ¬ÊΔU˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ •¢ª˝ ÊË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¬…∏UÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥UóøËŸË, ¡◊¸Ÿ, S¬ÁŸ‡Ê, $»˝¥§ø, ¡Ê¬ÊŸË, ◊•Ê⁄UË, ∑ȧ¿U ¬˝‡ÊÊ¢ÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢∑§Ã ÷Ê·Ê– 31


ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ

∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „ÈU∞ ∑ȧ¿U ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë πÈŒ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸË ¬«∏UÃË „ÒU– ¡Ò‚Ê ÷Ë „UÊ, ‚÷Ë ¬ÊΔU˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚èÿÃÊ, ßÁÄUÊ‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ÃÊ ŒÃ „Ò¥U– ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‚hʢà ÷Ë „Ò¥U ¡Ê ©Uã„¥U ◊ʪ¸Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ë Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ∞° ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥Uó v. Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ŒÒÁŸ∑§ ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸÊ– w. Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ‚„UË ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U∑§ÊáÊ ∑§Ê ◊„Uàfl ŒŸÊ– x. Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ÁflÁ÷㟠Á∑˝§ÿÊ∑§‹Ê¬Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝Êà‚Ê„UŸ– y. SflSÕ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ª„U⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ Á¡Ÿ‚ ÁfllÊÕ˸ ÷Áflcÿ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ’Ÿ ‚∑¥§– „UÊ° ∑ȧ¿U øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ° ÷Ë „Ò¥U! • ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÿʸåà ¡ª„U, ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ ∑§Ë ’…∏UÃË •¬ˇÊÊ∞°– • ŒÈ÷ÊÁ·ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ªÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ’ëøÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ’«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§Ë ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ°– • ∞ÄS≈˛UÊ-∑§Á⁄UÄÿÍ‹⁄U Á∑˝§ÿÊ∑§‹Ê¬Ê¥ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë •ŸÈ¬ÁSÕÁÖ • ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ ◊¥ œŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ÷Ë ¬«∏UÃË „ÒU– ŒÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U »¢§«U ⁄UÁ Ê¢ª ‚ „U◊ œŸ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– • ∞∑§ „UË ∑§ˇÊÊ ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÿÊÇÿÃÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ’„ÈUà •¢Ã⁄U „UÊÃÊ „ÒU, ¡Ê ∞∑§ •äÿʬ∑§ ∑§ ‚Ê◊Ÿ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ° π«∏UË ∑§⁄U ŒÃÊ „ÒU– Á»§⁄U ÷Ë •äÿʬ∑§ „UÊ⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ ◊ÊŸÃ– „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ‚¢∑§À¬ „ÒU Á∑§ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ŒË ¡Ê∞–

„U◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃ, Á»§¡Ë, ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê •ÊÁŒ ‚ ŒÍ⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ •ŸÈ⁄UˇÊáÊ ÃÕÊ ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‹ª „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ê •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ‚ÊœŸ ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU Á»§⁄U ÷Ë „U◊ ∑§ß¸ ¡ª„UÊ¥ ¬⁄U ¿UÊ≈U-¿UÊ≈U S∑ͧ‹ ø‹Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° ‡ÊÁŸflÊ⁄U/ ⁄UÁflflÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊÃË „ÒU– ‹ª÷ª ¬ëøË‚ fl·ÊZ ‚ ÿ„UÊ° ’„ÈUà ‚Ê⁄U ‹Êª Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢⁄UˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬…∏UÊŸ-Á‹πÊŸ ◊¥ ¡È≈U „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U– ©UŸ ‚’ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ „UË ‹ˇÿ „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊Ê⁄U ’ëøÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ÿÈflÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÃÊ „UÊŸ ∑§Ê ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹ ¬ÊŸ ∑§Ê ªfl¸ „UÊ– Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ⁄UÊÁ„Uà ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U “„ÒUå¬Ë” ¡Ë ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ⁄U„UÊ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ •¬ŸË fl’‚Êß≈U “÷Ê⁄Uà Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ” ¬⁄U •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø⁄U ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ê⁄UË∑§Ë ‚ ¬ÊΔUU ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§∞ ¡„UÊ° ¿UÊòÊ ∑§Ê ©UëøÊ⁄UáÊ ÁflÁœ ÷Ë ŒË ªß¸– ÿ„U ∞∑§ ¬˝ªÁÇÊË‹ ∑§Œ◊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ¬ÊΔUU ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ fl •¬ŸË ⁄UøŸÊ∞°ó∑§ÁflÃÊ, ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ° •ÊÁŒ ÷Ë ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– •ÊÚ∑§‹Ò¥«U, flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ, „UÁ◊À≈UŸ, ∑˝§ÊßS≈Uøø¸ •ÊÁŒ Ÿª⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ‹ª÷ª } ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ …¢Uª ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U, ∑§ßÿÊ¥ Ÿ ÃÊ ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ÷Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U Á‹∞ „Ò¥U– •Ê¡∑§‹ ‚÷Ë ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á‡ÊÁˇÊà •äÿʬ∑§ (ߟ◊¥ •fl∑§Ê‡Ê ¬˝Êåà •äÿʬ∑§ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U ) ÷Ë „Ò¥U– ÿ •äÿʬ∑§ ¬Í⁄U ‚åÃÊ„U ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ‡ÊÁŸflÊ⁄U fl ⁄UÁflflÊ⁄U ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊ÿ v ‚ x ÉÊ¢≈UÊ¥ ∑§Ê „UÊÃÊ „ÒU ¡„UÊ° ÷Ê·Ê, ßÁÄUÊ‚, ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ, ‚¢ªËÃ, ŸÎàÿ •ÊÁŒ Á‚πÊ∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ‚÷Ë ÁfllÊ‹ÿ flÊÁ·¸∑§ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U Á¡‚◊¥ ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ, ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ¡ŸÃÊ ∑§Ê •Ê◊¢ÁòÊà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥, ‚Ê◊ÈŒÊÁÿ∑§ ∑¥§º˝Ê¥, ÉÊ⁄UÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ß¸ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ •¬ŸË ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹ÊÃË „Ò¥U– Á¬¿U‹ }-vÆ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ÷Ë ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „UÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÷Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ •ãÿ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÷Ë „Ò¥U– Á»§⁄U ÷Ë „U◊¥ ÿ„UÊ° ∑§Ë SÕÊŸËÿ ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÊ¥

‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ •Ê¡∑§‹ •ŸÁªŸÃ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ∑§ß¸ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U ÷Ë ’Ÿ ª∞ „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ‹Ê߸ ªß¸ ◊ÍÁøÿÊ° ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÊ÷Ê ◊¥ øÊ⁄U UøÊ°Œ ‹ªÊ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° „U⁄U àÿÊ„UÊ⁄U ◊ŸÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ‹Êª ÷Ê⁄UË ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ •ÊŸ ‹ª „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã „UÊ∑§⁄U 32


ÁSòÊÿÊ° ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ∑§¬«∏UÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U Êfl⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê •¬ŸÊ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ‡ÊÊÁŒÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ªÒ⁄U-÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÿÈflÊ ‹Êª •Ä‚⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ flSòÊÊ¥ ∑ȧÃʸ, ‚Ê«∏UË, ‹„¢UªÊ, ÉÊʪ⁄UÊ-øÊ‹Ë ßàÿÊÁŒ ◊¥ ŒπŸ ∑§Ê Á◊‹Ã „Ò¥U–

¬Í¡Ê-¬ÊΔUU ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ÁŒflÊ‹Ë, „UÊ‹Ë, ⁄UÊ◊‹Ë‹Ê, ⁄UÊ◊ Ÿfl◊Ë, ⁄UÊ◊∑§ÕÊ, Á‡Êfl⁄UÊÁòÊ, üÊË∑ΧcáÊ •c≈U◊Ë, ŒÈªÊ¸ ¬Í¡Ê, ªáÊ‡Ê øÃÈÕ˸, Ÿfl⁄UÊÁòÊ •ÊÁŒ ¬fl¸ ÉÊ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë ◊ŸÊ∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ¡ŸÃÊ ∑§Ê ÷Ë •Ê◊¢ÁòÊà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊ Á»§¡Ë ÿÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ „Ò¥U– „U·¸ ∑§Ë ’Êà „ÒU Á∑§ ∑§ß¸ ◊¢«UÁ‹ÿÊ° ’ëøÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ÿÈflÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ªË¢ªËÃ, ÷¡Ÿ-∑§ËøŸ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹Ÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥U– ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •èÿÊ‚ ∑§Ê ¬˝’¢œ ÷Ë Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ∞∑§ ∑§◊Ë „ÒU, Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ •ÊÃÊ ß‚Á‹∞ ªÊŸ ⁄UÊ◊Ÿ ◊¥ Á‹π „ÈU∞ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U Á¡‚‚ ‚„UË ©UëøÊ⁄UáÊ ◊¥ ’ÊœÊ∞° •ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ∞° ÷Ë „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ •ŸÈ⁄UˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒÍ ∑§ÊÒÁ¥ ‚‹ •ÊÚfl ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò«¥ U ‚Ê‹ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑§˝ ◊Ê,¥ ÿÊª ÃÕÊ àÿÊ„UÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– fl ‚$»§‹ÃʬÍfl∑¸ § ÿ„UÊ° ∑§Ë ◊Ê•Ê⁄UË ¡Ÿ¡ÊÁà ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚èÿÃÊ ∑§Ê ‚¢¬Íáʸ M§¬ ‚ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ÿ„U ∞∑§ •àÿ¢Ã ‚⁄UÊ„UŸËÿ ∑§Œ◊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÁŒflÊ‹Ë ∑§ ‚◊ÿ flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊÚ∑§‹Ò¥«U Ÿª⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ œÍ◊-œÊ◊ ‚ ÁŒflÊ‹Ë ◊‹Ê ‹ªÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– •Ê¡∑§‹ ◊‹Ê ∞∑§ ÁŒŸ ‚ ŒÊ „U$çÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ’Ÿ ªÿÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ∑§ß¸ Ã⁄U„U ∑§Ë ¬˝Œ‡Ê¸ÁŸÿÊ°, ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U Á$»§À◊¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ’«∏U-’«∏U √Uÿfl‚Êÿ ÉÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÊÿÊ¡ŸÊ¥ ‚ „UË ÿ„U ‚’ ‚¢÷fl „UÊ ¬ÊÃÊ „ÒU– •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U-Ÿfl¢’⁄U ∑§ ◊„UËŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ß‚ ◊‹ ∑§Ê „U◊ ߢà ÊÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ‹ªÃ „Ò¥U– „U◊¥ ∞∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÈŸ„U⁄UÊ ◊ÊÒ∑§Ê Á◊‹ÃÊ „ÒU ¡’ „U◊ •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ‚’ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ªfl¸ ‚ ’Ê°≈U ‚∑¥§– ªÒ⁄U-÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‹Êª ÷Ë ’«∏U ©Uà‚Ê„U¬Ífl¸∑§ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ∞‚ ◊„UÊà‚fl, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‡ÊÊÁŒÿÊ° •ÊÒ⁄U ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U ‚ ªÒ⁄U-÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬Á⁄Uøÿ „UÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ fl‡Ê-÷Í·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U πÊŸ-¬ÊŸ ÿ„UÊ° ‹Ê∑§Á¬˝ÿ „UÊ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ªÒ⁄U-÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‹Êª ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ πÊŸ ∑§Ê ÁŒ‹øS¬Ë ∑§ ‚ÊÕ •¬Ÿ •Ê„UÊ⁄U ◊¥ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ŒπÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á∑§

‚¢øÊ⁄U ◊Êäÿ◊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ wz ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ ∑§êÿÈÁŸ≈UË ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ S≈U‡ÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ‹ª÷ª wÆ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ •ÊÚ∑§‹Ò¥«U ‚ “⁄UÁ«UÿÊ Ã⁄UÊŸÊ” øÊÒ’Ë‚ ÉÊ¢≈U ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄Uà „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U S≈U‡ÊŸ Á»§¡Ë •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ⁄UÊ’≈¸U πÊŸ ¡Ë mÊ⁄UÊ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ÿ„U ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ •Ê¡ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑§ ∑§ß¸ ¡ª„UÊ¥ ¬⁄U ‚ÈŸÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– Á»§¡Ë ‚ ⁄UÊ ÊÊŸÊ ¡È«∏U∑§⁄U ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢‡ÊË ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ß‚ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ªËÃ-‚¢ªËÃ, ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U ∑§Ë π’⁄U¥, ŒÈ∑§ÊŸŒÊ⁄UË, ÁflôÊʬŸ, ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ‚ÍøŸÊ∞°, ◊„U◊ÊŸÊ¥ ‚ ◊È‹Ê∑§ÊÃ¥ ßàÿÊÁŒ ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄Uà „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê∞° •÷Ë Ã∑§ Ÿ„UË¥ „Ò¥U– „UÊ‹Ê°Á∑§ ◊ÊÁ‚∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •$π’Ê⁄U “ߢÁ«UÿŸ ãÿÍ ÊÁ‹¢∑§” ∑§ß¸ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê∑§ ⁄UflË¥º˝ ‹Ê‹ ¡Ë „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§ ∞fl¢ ◊ÈÅÿ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U⁄U fl¥∑§≈U ⁄U◊áÊ ¡Ë „Ò¥U, ¡Ê ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ÷⁄U ∑§ πÊ‚∑§⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃ, Á»§¡Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò«¥ U ∑§ ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÁflSÃÊ⁄U M§¬ ‚ Á‹πÃ „ÒU¥– “Ç‹Ê’‹ ߢÁ«UÿŸ” •ÊÒ⁄U “ߢÁ«UÿŸ flË∑¥§«U⁄U” •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ •$π’Ê⁄U „Ò¥U– “ߢÁ«UÿŸ ∞Ä‚¬˝‚” ∞∑§ ◊ÊòÊ •$π’Ê⁄U „ÒU ¡Ê w-x ¬ãŸ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‚◊Á¬¸Ã ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ÊË.≈UË.flË. •àÿ¢Ã ‹Ê∑§Á¬˝ÿ „UÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¡ ÉÊ⁄U-ÉÊ⁄U ◊¥ S≈UÊ⁄U å‹‚ øÒŸ‹ „ÒU– ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U, œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊, ◊ŸÊ⁄U¢ ¡Ÿ, ‚Êå‚, ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U Á$»§À◊¥, ¬∑§flÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ß¸ ◊ÈÅÿ œÊ⁄UÊflÊÁ„U∑§ ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄Uà „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ’ëø ‚ ’Í…∏U Ã∑§ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÿ„U ◊Êäÿ◊ ◊ŸÊ⁄U¢ ¡Ÿ ∑§ •ÁÃÁ⁄UÄà Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ◊Ê•Ê⁄UË ≈UË.flË. øÒŸ‹ ¬⁄U ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U Á$»§À◊¥ ŒπŸ ∑§Ê Á◊‹ÃË „Ò¥U– ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U Á$»§À◊¥ •àÿ¢Ã ‹Ê∑§Á¬˝ÿ „UÊ ªß¸ „Ò¥U– ªÒ⁄U-÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ë ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U Á$»§À◊¥ ŒπÃ „Ò¥U– Á‚Ÿ◊Ê ◊¥ ÷Ë ‹ªÊÃÊ⁄U Á$»§À◊¥ ø‹ÃË „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§Ë ŒÈ∑§ÊŸ¥ ¬È⁄UÊŸË ‚ ‹∑§⁄U Ÿß¸-Ÿß¸ Á$»§À◊Ê¥ ∑§Ë ∑§ÊÚÁ¬ÿÊ° ⁄UπÃË „Ò¥U– ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U 33


«UÊ¢‚ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ •Ä‚⁄U ªÒ⁄U-÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‹«∏UÁ∑§ÿÊ° ÷ʪ ‹ÃË „Ò¥U– •ÊÚ∑§‹Ò¥«U •ÊÒ⁄U flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ŸÎàÿ‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° ÷⁄UßÊ≈˜UÿÔ ◊, ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄UË, ∑§Õ∑§ ¡Ò‚ ‡ÊÊSòÊËÿ ŸÎàÿ Á‚πÊ∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U Œ‡Ê¸∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ÷Ë „UÊÃ „Ò¥U–

∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ¬˝flËáÊÃÊ „UÊÁ‚‹ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄¥U ÃÕÊ ©UŸ◊¥ ÿ„U ÷ÊflŸÊ ¡ÊªÎà ∑§⁄U¥, “ß≈˜U‚ ∑ͧ‹ ≈ÈU ’Ë ß¢Á«UÿŸ”! •÷ÊÁ·ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄¥U– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÊ¥ ‚ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ÁŸflŒŸ „ÒU Á∑§ fl ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ ‚ ¡È«∏U∑§⁄U „U◊Ê⁄U ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ê¥ ◊¥ ◊ŒŒ ∑§⁄¥U– ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUŸ ∑§Ë ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ◊¥ ◊ŒŒ ∑§⁄¥U– ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑§ ‚÷Ë ¬˝Ê¢ÃÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •Áœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÁŸÿÈÁÄà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝Ê¥ ∑§Ê πÊ‹¥ ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ¬˝‚Ê⁄U fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U ◊¥ „U◊Ê⁄UË ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ∑§⁄¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÁflÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄¥U– „U◊ ‚’ Á◊‹∑§⁄U •¬ŸË ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê •ŸÈ⁄UˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ΡŸ ∑§⁄¥U ÃÕÊ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ß‚∑§Ê ŒË¬ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ÷⁄U ◊¥ ¡‹ÊÃ ⁄U„¥U!

ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ÷Áflcÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁŸflŒŸ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬Á⁄Uflœ¸Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢⁄UˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ „U◊Ê⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ‚ȤÊÊfl ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥Uó • •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞°– • ªÒ⁄U-÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÈ÷ÊÁ·ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§Ê ©UÁøà Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, ‚ÊœŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝’¢œ ©U¬‹éœ „UÊ– • „U◊Ê⁄U ÿÈflÊ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ∞Ä‚ø¥¡ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞° •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ– • ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Ê¢ÃÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •Áœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÁŸÿÈÁÄà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝Ê¥ ∑§Ê πÊ‹∑§⁄U ‚ÁflÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ©Uà‚Ê„U ’…∏UÊ∞°– • ¬Á‡ø◊Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á¡‚ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ‚ SflË∑ΧÁà ¬˝Êåà „UÊ– • Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ˇÊòÊËÿ Œ$çÃ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞ ¡Ê „U◊Ê⁄U ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝’‹ ’ŸÊ∞° •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ‹ˇÿ¬˝ÊÁåà ◊¥ ‚„UÿÊª ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄¥U– • ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ÃÈ⁄U¢ à ’ÊŒ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ ‚ •flªÃ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ‚ ‚„UÿÊª ∑§ Á‹∞ •ŸÈ⁄UÊœ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ÃÊÁ∑§ Á◊‹∑§⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝‚Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞° ’ŸÊ߸ ¡Ê ‚∑¥§– • ‚÷Ë ¬ˇÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê •ÊÒ⁄U Á Êê◊ŒÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° ‚ÊÒ¥¬Ë ¡Ê∞° Á¡Ÿ‚ ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ‚„UÿÊª Á◊‹– „U◊Ê⁄U ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ L§∑§Êfl≈U Ÿ„UË¥ •ÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– „U◊ ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ∑§⁄¥U •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§Ê •¢ª˝ ÊË

References: Narayan, S. 2010 Vishwa Hindi Patrika. New Zealand Curriculum 2007. Ministry of Education. Wellington New Zealand Census Report. 2013: Ethnic Group Profiles. http://www.stats.govt.nz/Census/2013– census/ profile-and-summary-reports/ ethnicprofiles.aspx?request_value=24743 &tabname=Languagesspoken Acknowledgements: Mrs Anuradha Gupta, Wellington New Zealand Mrs Jai Chandra, Teacher. Shivacharan Trust. Auckland New Zealand Mrs Kala Satyanand, Head Teacher. Canterbury Hindi Trust. Christchurch New Zealand Mr Satya Datt, President, Language and Culture Trust. Auckland New Zealand

‚¢øÊÁ‹∑§Ê, flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ Á„¢UŒË S∑ͧ‹, ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U x}, Á¬˝Á‚‹Ê Á∑˝§‚¥≈U, Á∑¢§≈UÊ‹, flÁ‹¢ª≈UŸ, ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U sundev@paradise.net.nz

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|. •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹Ê ◊„UÃÊ •¬Ÿ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ‚Á„Uà xw ‚Ê‹ ¬„U‹ •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ •Ê߸ ÕË– ÿ„U Œ‡Ê •Áà ‚È¢Œ⁄U „ÒU •ı⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U ‚÷Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞° ©U¬ÁSÕà „Ò¥U– ‡ÊÈM§ ◊¥ ◊⁄UË ∑§ÙÁ‡Ê‡Ê ÿ„UË ÕË Á∑§ ◊Ò¥ •¬Ÿ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ù •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ÃÕÊ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ‚ ¡Ù«∏U ⁄UÅÊÍ°– ß‚Ë ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ◊¥ ◊Ò¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË-S∑ͧ‹ ∑§Ù SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á∑§ÿÊ– ©U‚ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á∑§∞ „ÈU∞ •≈˜UΔUÊ߸‚ fl·¸ „UÙ øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– S∑ͧ‹ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ߂Á‹∞ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÕË ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ∑§ß¸ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÿ„UÊ° ’‚ „ÈU∞ Õ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ’ëø ÿ„UË¥ ¬⁄U ’«∏U „ÈU∞– ‚’ ∑§Ë ÿ„UË ßë¿UÊ ÕË Á∑§ fl Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë Ã⁄U„U •¬Ÿ Œ‡Ê ‚ ¡È«∏U ⁄U„¥U– •’ •Êª ¡Ê∑§⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË „UÊ߸ S∑ͧ‹ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà „ÈU߸ ÃÙ ©U‚∑§Ù ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ „U◊∑§Ù •ı⁄U ◊„UŸÃ ∑§⁄UŸË ¬«∏UË– ©U‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ S∑ͧ‹ ’„ÈUà „UË ‚¢⁄UÁøà „UÙ ªÿÊ– ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U „U◊ ‹Êª ¬ÊΔUÔ˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§ ◊ÈÃÊÁ’∑§ „UË ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U– „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ „U◊Ê⁄U S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ ‹ª÷ª v{-v| •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° ¬…∏UÊÃË „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ vwÆ-vxÆ Ã∑§ „UÙÃË „ÒU– ¬„U‹ „U◊Ê⁄U S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ v|Æ ’ëø ¬…∏UÃ Õ– ©U‚ flÄà wÆÆ| ◊¥ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U ‘Saturday School of Community Languages’ ŸÊ◊ ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ Á‡ÊˇÊÊÁfl÷ʪ (main stream department of education) ∑§ ‚¢÷ʪ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄UflÊ߸ ÕË •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á»§⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ŒÙ ∑¥§º˝ •ı⁄U ÅÊÈ‹ ª∞ ¡„UÊ° ¬⁄U ’ëø Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ ÿ Á‚$»¸§ |flË¥ ∑§ˇÊÊ ‚ vwflË¥ ∑§ˇÊÊ Ã∑§ ∑§Ê „UË „ÒU ¡’Á∑§ „U◊Ê⁄U S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ x ‚Ê‹ ∑§ ’ëøÙ¥ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ∞ø.∞‚.‚Ë. (highest school level- HSC) ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË Áfl·ÿ ¬…∏UÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU Á¡‚∑§Ê ‘Hindi Continuers’ ∑§„UÃ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ÿ w ÿÍÁŸ≈U ∑§Ê Áfl·ÿ „UÙÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ∞«UÀ≈˜U‚ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ‚ËÅÊŸ •ÊÃ „Ò¥U Á¡‚◊¥ ÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿŸ „Ò¥U– ¬„U‹ ÃË‚-ÃË‚ ∞«UÀ≈˜U‚ •ÊÃ Õ Á»§⁄U ßÃŸË ¡ª„U Ÿ„UË¥ ⁄U„UË ß‚Á‹∞ wÆÆ| ◊¥ Á‚«UŸË ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË (Sydney University) ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë ªß¸– fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U „U◊Ê⁄UË •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° ¬…∏UÊÃË „Ò¥U •ı⁄U „U◊Ê⁄U ÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U ∞«UÀ≈˜U‚ S≈ÍU«¥U≈˜U‚ ∑§Ê

Á‚«UŸË „UË ÷¡Ê ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¡Ù fl„UÊ° Ÿ„UË¥ ¡Ê ¬ÊÃ „Ò¥U Ã’ fl „U◊Ê⁄U ¬Ê‚ •ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ÃÙ „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ ∞‚Ê „UË ø‹ ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ ‹Á∑§Ÿ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ ‡ÊÙœ ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ¬˝Ùª˝Ê◊ ÕÊ ‘Expanding Horizons into Asia’, ß‚◊¥ ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ øËŸ ∑§ ™§¬⁄U ∑§Ê$»§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄UflÊ߸ ÕË– ©UŸ∑§Ù ‹ªÊ Á∑§ •’ ߢÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ë ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ù Á‚ÅÊÊŸÊ „ÒU ß‚Á‹∞ ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ◊Ȥʂ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ◊Ò¥ ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ¬˝Ùª˝Ê◊ ’ŸÊ™°§ Á¡‚‚ ’ëø ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‚ËÅÊ ¬Ê∞°– ß‚ ¬˝Ùª˝Ê◊ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÈL§•Êà wÆvw ◊¥ „ÈU߸ ÕË •ı⁄U ß‚ ¬˝Ùª˝Ê◊ ◊¥ ÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U ’ëø •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿŸ „Ò¥U, Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË ’ëø ’„ÈUà ∑§◊ „Ò¥U, ‹ª÷ª z ÿÊ {– „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ „U◊ wzÆ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ÿ ’ëø ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹ ∑§ ÃÎÃËÿ ÿÊ øÃÈÕ¸ fl·¸ ∑§ „UÙÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚ ¬˝Ùª˝Ê◊ ∑§Ù ◊Ò¥Ÿ ŸÊ◊ ÁŒÿÊ „ÒUó“ߢÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚÁ‹¢ª” (India Calling)– ß‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ „U◊ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ Á‚ÅÊÊÃ „Ò¥U– ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ◊¥ ÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U ªÙ⁄U ’ëø Õ •ı⁄U ßã„UÙ¥Ÿ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù ’„ÈUà •ë¿UË Ã⁄U„U ‚ ‚ËÅÊÊ •ı⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ’„ÈUà ‚Ë ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë¥– ß‚ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ ◊¥ „U◊ ߟ∑§Ù ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ àÿÙ„UÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ë Á‚ÅÊÊÃ „Ò¥U ¡Ò‚ “„UÙ‹Ë” ∑§Ê àÿÙ„UÊ⁄U– ‚ÊÕ „UË ßŸ∑§Ù „U◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÅÊÊŸ-¬ÊŸ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ë Á‚ÅÊÊÃ „Ò¥U– } S∑ͧ‹ ß‚ ¬˝Ùª˝Ê◊ ◊¥ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÅÊÊŸ-¬ÊŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ flËÁ«UÿÙ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª mÊ⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– Á»§⁄U “„UÙ‹Ë” ∑§ àÿÙ„UÊ⁄U ◊¥ ßã„UÙ¥Ÿ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ •ı⁄U ∞∑§ ¿UÙ≈UÊ ’ëøÊ ªÊ¢œË ’ŸÊ ÕÊ Á¡‚Ÿ ªÊ¢œË¡Ë ∑§Ë ŒÊ¢«UË-ÿÊòÊÊ ÷Ë ∑§Ë ÕË– ∑ȧ¿U ‚Ê‹ ¬„U‹, wÆvw ◊¥ ß‹Ê ªÊ¢œË ÷Ë ÿ„UÊ° •Ê߸ ÕË¥ •ı⁄U ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ∞∑§ ¬Í⁄UË ‚È’„U Á’ÃÊ߸ „U◊Ê⁄U “∞‡Ê’⁄UË ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹” (Ashbury Public School) ◊¥ ¡„UÊ° ÿ„U ¬˝Ùª˝Ê◊ ø‹ÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ ∑ȧ¿U Ÿ ∑ȧ¿U ŸÿÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U ߟ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ •ı⁄U ßã„¥U „U◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ∑§‹Ê ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ë ’„ÈUà ∑ȧ¿U Á‚ÅÊÊÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ¬Í⁄UÊ ¬˝Ùª˝Ê◊ ’ŸÊÿÊ „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ ‚Ê⁄U ’ëø •¬Ÿ S∑ͧ‹ ‚ ÿ„UÊ° ∑§

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∑§‹Ê flËÕË (Art Gallery) ◊¥ ¡Ê∑§⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ∑§‹Ê ∑§Ë ◊ÍÁøÿÊ°, ‚Ê◊ÊŸ •ÊÁŒ ŒÅÊ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U Á¡‚‚ ©UŸ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ’…∏UÃË „ÒU– wÆvw ◊¥ ¡Ù „U◊Ê⁄UË ¬˝œÊŸ◊¢òÊË ÕË¥, ¡ÍÁ‹ÿÊ ∞‹ËŸ Áª‹Ê«¸U Ÿ ‘Asian century white paper’ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÙ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ÕÊ– ©U‚◊¥ ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù ¬˝ÊÿÙÁ⁄U≈UË (priority) ÷Ê·Ê ’ŸÊ ŒË ÕË– ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷ÊcÊÊ ∑§ •ÊŸ ‚ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ M§¬ ‚ ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ∑§⁄UªË– ©U‚∑§Ê ÿ„U ÷Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „ÒU Á∑§ fl øÊ„UÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •’ S∑ͧ‹Ù¥ ◊¥ •Ê∞– ß‚ ∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ÕÊ«∏UÊ ‚Ê ‚◊ÿ

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ŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢ÉÊ ∞∑§ ∞‚Ë ‚¢SÕÊ „ÒU ¡Ê øÊÒ¥‚ΔUU fl·ÊZ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ‚flÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ∞∑§ ‚◊ÿ ÕÊ ¡’ ‹Êª Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ã Õ ‹Á∑§Ÿ „U◊ •’ ß‚ ¡ª„U ¬⁄U •Ê ª∞ „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° ’„ÈUà ∑§◊ ‹Êª Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ã „Ò¥U ÿÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚ ¬Á⁄UÁøà „Ò¥U– ßÁÄUÊ‚ ªflÊ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ∞∑§ ‚◊ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ÕË– ¡’ „U◊Ê⁄U ¬Ífl¸¡ ÿ„UÊ° •Ê∞ Õ ÃÊ fl ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ’Ê‹Ã Õ– ‚◊ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ‚÷Ê∞° SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÕË¥– ‚÷Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊ߸ ªß¸ ÕË– •Ê¬ ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ “v~wÆ” ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ π«∏UË ’Ê‹Ë ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ Ÿ ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ∑§Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ¬˝÷ÊÁflà Á∑§ÿÊ– œÊÁ◊¸∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¡ÊªÎà ⁄UπŸ ∑§Ë ∑§ÊÁ‡Ê‡Ê ∑§Ë– •Ê¡ ÷Ë ∑§ß¸ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ ‚ ¡È«∏UË „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U– •÷Ë ÷Ë fl Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà »Ò§‹ÊÃË „Ò¥U– „U◊Ê⁄U ¬Ífl¸¡Ê¥ ◊¥ ∞‚ ‹Êª Õ Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ’…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’„ÈUà ¬˝ÿàŸ Á∑§ÿÊ– ∞∑§ ∞‚ √UÿÁÄà Õ SflÊ◊Ë ‡Ê¢∑§⁄UÊŸ¢Œ ¡Ë, ¡Ê ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ Õ– fl ∞∑§ œ◊¸¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ Õ– ߟ∑§ ’ÊŒ Õ SflÊ◊Ë ÷flÊŸË ŒÿÊ‹ ‚¢ÿÊ‚Ë– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§ß¸ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ÁŸflŒŸ Á∑§ÿÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~y| ◊¥ ¬¢Á«Uà Ÿ⁄UŒfl flŒÊ‹¢∑§Ê⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê •Ê∞ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ŒπÊ Á∑§ ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ‚„UË …¢Uª ‚ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ– •Êÿ¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ŸÊß œ◊¸ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ‚ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢ÉÊ ∑§Ê SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á∑§ÿÊ– fl ¬„U‹ ¬˝œÊŸ ’Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U w| fl·ÊZ ∑§ Á‹∞ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ß‚ ¬Œ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ‚flÊ ∑§Ë– ߟ∑§Ê ∞∑§◊ÊòÊ ‹ˇÿ ÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ‚flÊ, ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥– fl ∞∑§ ’„ÈUà „UË ΔUUÊ‚ ªÊ¢œËflÊŒË Õ •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ ’„ÈUà ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÕË– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~y| ◊¥ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ∑§Ê ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ⁄UøÊÿÊ– xz ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ß‚◊¥ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ÕË¥– ÿ„UÊ° ‚ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ (Teacher training) ‡ÊÈM§ „UÊ ªÿÊ–

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ÿ •Ê◊ ‹Êª Õ, ÿÊŒÊ ¬…∏U-Á‹π Ÿ„UË¥ Õ, ◊ª⁄U fl ’«∏UË •Ê‚ÊŸË ‚ ÃÈ‹‚ˌʂ ∑Χà ⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ∑§ ¬ŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê ⁄U≈UÃ Õ– ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¡ã◊ ߟ ◊„UÊŸ √UÿÁÄÃÿÊ¥ ‚ „ÈU•Ê– ÿ„U ÕÊ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v}{Æ ‚– ◊ª⁄U •ª⁄U „U◊ π«∏UË ’Ê‹Ë ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ë ¡Ê°ø ∑§⁄¥Uª ÃÊ ÿ„U ’Êà ‚Ê◊Ÿ •ÊÃË „ÒU Á∑§ π«∏UË ’Ê‹Ë •¬Ÿ flø◊ÊŸ M§¬ ◊¥ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~wÆ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ÁŸπ⁄U •Ê߸– ÃÊ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê ¬⁄UπŸÊ ÊM§⁄UË „ÒU ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v}{Æ ‚ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~xÆ Ã∑§ ‚ûÊ⁄U ‚Ê‹ ∑§Ê •¢Ã⁄U „ÒU– ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ’Ê‹Ë ¡ÊÃË ÕË •ÊÒ⁄U •’ π«∏UË ’Ê‹Ë ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ⁄UÊc≈˛U÷Ê·Ê ÉÊÊÁ·Ã ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÃÊ ß‚∑§Ê •‚⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ∑§Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ¬⁄U ¬«∏UÊ– œË⁄U-œË⁄U ‹Êª ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ∑§◊ ◊„Uàfl ŒŸ ‹ª– •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ •ª⁄U ŒπÊ ¡Ê∞ ÃÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ‚ ∑ȧ¿U Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹ŸflÊ‹Ê „ÒU– ∑§ß¸ ‹Êª ß‚Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπÃ „Ò¥U ÃÊÁ∑§ fl ⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ¬…∏U ‚∑¥§– „U◊Ê⁄U ∑ȧ¿U Á‡Êcÿ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§◊ „ÒU– „U◊Ê⁄U S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ Ÿ∞ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U •ãÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê߸ •„UÁ◊ÿà Ÿ„UË¥ ŒË ªß¸– ∑§ß¸ •äÿʬ∑§ ÃÕÊ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ ‚ ¡È«∏U „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U ∑ȧ¿U ßÅflÊ„U Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹ÃË– ÄflÊ ÊÈ‹Í Ÿ≈UÊ‹ ∑§ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ’ëø •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄UÊ¥ ‚ •ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ‚⁄U∑§⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ •Áœ∑§ ’ëø •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë „Ò¥U– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¡Ê„UÊ¢‚’ª¸ ∑§Ë ’Êà •‹ª „ÒU, ß‚∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ •Áœ∑§ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË üÊË „UË⁄UÊ‹Ê‹ Á‡ÊflŸÊÕ ¡Ë ∑§ ‹π ◊¥ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ªß¸ „ÒU– ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ª¢÷Ë⁄U ‚◊SÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê ∑§ Á‹∞ ªÈ‹‡ÊŸ ¡Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ê‹¥ŒÈ ¡Ë •Ê∞ Õ– „U◊ ß‚ Á‹Á¬ ∑§Ê ßSÃ◊Ê‹ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U ◊ª⁄U „U◊Ê⁄U •äÿʬ∑§-•äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° ‚Ê◊Êãÿ× ¬È⁄UÊŸË ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§ „Ò¥U, ©UŸ◊¥ ‚ ∑§◊ ‹Êª ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄U ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ◊ª⁄U ÿÕÊÕ¸ ÿ„UË „ÒU Á∑§

„ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¡Ò‚Ê ◊Ò¥Ÿ ∑§„UÊ „ÒU ’Ê∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÃÈ‹ŸÊ ◊¥ „U◊Ê⁄UË ÁSÕÁà •‹ª „ÒU ß‚Á‹∞ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ° ÷Ë •‹ª „UÊ¥ªË– ‡ÊÊÿŒ ÿ„U ÁŸáʸÿ ‚„UË ÕÊ– •Ê¡ „U◊Ê⁄U ÁfllÊÕ˸ ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ∑§ •‹ª-•‹ª ¬˝Ê¢ÃÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ŒÃ „Ò¥U, πÊ‚∑§⁄U ÄflÊ ÊÈ‹Í Ÿ≈UÊ‹ ◊¥, ªÊÒ≈¥Uª ◊¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ê≈¸U ∞Á‹ ÊÊ’Õ ◊¥ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ŒÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U fl„U ÷Ë ∞∑§ ‚ÊÕ– „U◊Ê⁄UË ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ÁflÁ÷㟠SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ Áfl÷ÊÁ¡Ã ∑§Ë ªß¸ „Ò¥U– •ÊÒ⁄U fl „Ò¥Uó ¬˝Õ◊Ê, ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ¬˝Ê⁄¢UÁ÷∑§, ¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê, ¬˝ŒË¬ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝fl‡Ê– ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ ÁfllÊÕ˸ ◊„UËŸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢ÉÊ •ÊÃ „Ò¥U, Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞– ÿ„UÊ° „U◊Ê⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ Œ‹ ©UŸ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ∑§ß¸ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë ÿ„U Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– „U◊Ê⁄UË ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ •ÊÃË „Ò¥U– „U◊ “¤Ê⁄UŸÊ” ‚Ë⁄UË Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– •$»§‚Ê‚ ∑§Ë ’Êà „ÒU Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹ŸflÊ‹ ∑§◊ „UÊ ª∞ „Ò¥U– ∑§ß¸ ‹Êª Á‹π ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬…∏U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ ’Ê‹ Ÿ„UË¥ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ÃÊÒ⁄U ‚ „U◊ ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ ÄÿÊ „ÈU•Ê– •¢ª˝ ÊË ‚ËπÃ-‚ËπÃ „U◊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Í‹ ª∞– ‹Á∑§Ÿ •Ê¡ „U◊ ‹Ê∑§Ã¢òÊ ‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ∑§ ‚ŒSÿ „Ò¥U ÃÊ „U◊¥ •¬Ÿ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ‹«∏UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ •ÊÒ⁄U ÿ„U ‹«∏UÊ߸ ‡ÊÈM§ „UÊÃË „ÒU, •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ‚– We can make demands from the government, but if we are not prepared to put the effort we will go nowhere.

ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •¬⁄UÊœ „ÒU– ∑§ß¸ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ‡ÊÊ◊ ∑§Ê πÈ‹ÃË „Ò¥U ÃÊÁ∑§ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê ¡Ê ‚∑¥§– •¬⁄UÊœ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ’…∏UÃË •‚È⁄UˇÊÊ ‚ ‹Êª ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê ¡ÊŸ ‚ «U⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– •¬⁄UÊœ ∑§Ë ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ „U◊Ê⁄UË ÁSÕÁà Á’‹∑ȧ‹ πÈ‹Ë „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ßÁÄUÊ‚ •ŸÈ’¢ÁœÃ üÊÁ◊∑§ ‚ ¡È«∏UÊ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ fl ‹Êª ¡Ê ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê •Ê∞ Õ fl ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠M§¬Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ •Ê∞ Õ–

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•äÿˇÊÊ, Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢ÉÊ «U⁄U’Ÿ, ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê mramballi@yahoo.com

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~. HINDI SHIKSHA SANGH–SOUTH AFRICA GAUTENG REGION: AN OVERVIEW Mr. Heeralall Sewnath 1. Introduction In the second half of the 19th century, Indian indentured workers stepped onto South African soil. They were destined not to return to their motherland. They soon established roots in this new found land and in so doing, introduced a new dimension to the prevailing cultural environment. Ever since their arrival, history has recorded their struggle for rights, dignity and the freedom to live and grow in their own cultural environment. The fight for cultural survival has been a feature in the colonial history of many societies. Indian South Africans have had their fair share of this experience. The maintenance of one’s linguistic heritage is a pre-eminent aspect of any cultural struggle. The history of colonization is littered with stories of resistance to the imposition of a language foreign to one’s own. In 1976 in Soweto, South Africa, students similarly rose up against the imposition of Afrikaans as a medium of instruction, with the slogan, “the language of the oppressor in the mouths of the oppressed is the language of slaves.” That uprising changed forever the politics of South Africa. The Indian indentured workers brought along with them their rich cultural heritage from the world’s most ancient civilization that is India. The Hindi language came to be woven into the intricate tapestry that was emerging in the new South African society. The Hindi that came with these early settlers has survived to this day. Over the years, many a devotee of the language has lent a hand to ensure its survival.

At the time of the first World Hindi Conference in South Africa in September 2012, and the ninth conference since inception, we paid homage to the many who gave of themselves to preserve our linguistic heritage in Gauteng, South Africa. 2. The “Old Transvaal” Gauteng Indians trickled on to the Transvaal platteland in the late 1800’s. They came as workers indentured to mining companies, farmers, businessmen and they also arrived as ‘passenger Indians’, to trade. They were not welcomed in the land where gold had just been discovered. All Indians who lived and worked in the Transvaal, did so under permits issued by government. So under the cloud of servitude, living in a land with an unfriendly and hostile government, people lived from day-to-day, with the threat of repatriation a constant reminder of their uncertain status. Soon enough, Mahatma Gandhi was called to help Indians fight the injustices heaped upon them by the racist government. In spite of all this, life went on. Hindi speakers, in time, and by force of social circumstances, came under the influence of Afrikaans. This was the language of the workplace, of government, of commerce and of society. The Afrikaans language and culture was the predominant culture of the province. In time, Afrikaans also became the language spoken in Hindi-speaking homes. Afrikaans combined with Hindi in the home. Words from both languages mixed uniquely in a development that virtually created something new. New “mixed”

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phrases in a clearly unique accent distinctly identified language was evident from an early age. He learnt his an Indian from the “Transvaal,” now Gauteng. The Hindi from his parents and then in India. In time, he remarkable outcome of this mix was a mellifluous initiated Hindi schools in Johannesburg, Newcastle, dialect that was unique in itself, and which maintained Hattingspruit, Dannhauser, Glecoe and Ladysmith. He for many decades. The accent is still evident in also organized Hindi literary conferences in Ladysmith pockets to this day. Even more remarkable was the and Pieternaritzburg in KwaZulu-Natal. Together with people’s refusal to jettison their own language, Hindi, Hindi, he was keen on Hinduism and became a for that of the new world they found themselves in. member of the Arya Samaj. He served the Hindu Many a patriotic stalwart then community with distinction as a emerged to play a role to preserve Shri Ram Singh of Asiatic Bazaar sewak of the Samaj. In his later Hindi alive. Sung or unsung, we taught Hindi in Pretoria in the life, he continued with his spiritual honor all of them. Their efforts 1950’s and 1960’s. Other work both in South Africa, Africa, have ensured that Hindi remains a contributors from Laudium India and other parts of the world. include Pt. Hari Beharie Singh, feature of Indian social fabric to Smt. Radha Singh, Smt. Radha Swami Shankaranand Sarawati this day. Chikory and Shri Sisripat of Swami ji, who was born in Information about Asiatic Bazaar. The Mooloo Jullunder, Punjab, in 1871, came personalities of the past is family, Hari Bhai Dina and to South Africa in 1912. He unrecorded and sparse. The little Chandra Lutchman of Midrand. remained here for five years, that we have been able to gather performing many missionary is recorded hereunder. works among Hindus. His mission Information about others will be gratefully received was to spread Vedic knowledge. He saw an and dutifully recorded. This will help us complete the opportunity to teach Hindi and did this in several picture of a legacy that the Hindi speaking community places including ‘Transvaal’ and ‘KwaZulu-Natal’. can truly cherish. Pt. Nardev Vedalankar 3. Three Prominent “Stalwarts:” Pandit ji was born in 1913 and came to South Swami Bhawani Dayal Sanyasi Africa in 1948 as a Gujarati priest. He saw the Hindi One of the most prominent proponents of the speaking community divided in two schools of thought Hindi language was Swami Bhawani Dayal Sanyasi – Pauranic and Vedic. He then fostered the promotion who was born in Germiston, Johannesburg in of Hindi through which he succeeded in bringing both September 1892. His enthusiasm for the Hindi these groups together. His contribution to Hindi and 43


other mother tongue languages in South Africa is immeasurable. He established the Hindi Shiksha Sangh – South Africa in 1948, a year after his arrival. He gave Hindi a character and introduced Hindi Grammar through classes and teacher training workshops that he conducted. He then introduced Dharma Shiksha study towards examinations and once one passed these series of examinations, he then prepared students to write the Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti, Wardha, India – Hindi Examinations from Prathama to Ratna levels. Today, the Hindi Shiksha Sangh prepares its own examinations and annually at an average of 700 students write these examinations. They are graded from Prathama to Kovid and Shikshan Padithi, teacher training course.

keeping Hindi learning alive in benoni and for over three decades. Other members of the community who played a supportive role in providing facilities, encouraging and transporting children were at hand over the years to ensure the pathshala’s continuity. Names such as Shri Saldanha (of Portuguese extraction) of Boksburg, Parthap Singh, Iqbal Singh, Desraj Dass, Niranjan Bhoola, Mahendra Bhoola and Suren Rampershad, among others, easily come to mind. There may well be others whose names we have missed out, whose enthusiasm and contribution all helped to make Benoni a hotbed of Hindi education. The Springs community was blessed with the presence of Pt. Gowrieshankar and Smt. Koosmi Maharaj both of whom were involved in the teaching of Hindi around the 1908’s and 1990’s. During this time – the community in Germiston, the birth place of Swami Bhawani Dayal, was diminishing because of the Group areas act. Pt. Mithoo Maharaj worked hard in Germiston to keep Hindi alive in the area.

Some of the Local Stalwarts Benoni, Springs and Germiston Sri Ramkrishnan Jaghessar Lowton (1894 – 1962) headed this remarkable family. The family had settled in Benoni. From the earliest days, Ramakrishnan stamped his authority and got the family children learning Hindi. The first class started on the verandah of their home. Soon enough, other families in the community linked up with him. A thriving Hindi Pathshala soon took root. Other members of the family carried on with the good work which continued for many years. The Lowton family, in time, became the ‘Hindi’ teaching family of Benoni with Ranjeeth Lowton, Gopichand Lowton, Butchee Lowton, Marjory Lowton and Saraswati Lowton

Laudium and Midrand Shri Ram Singh of Asiatic Bazaar taught Hindi in Pretoria in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Other contributors from Laudium include Pt. Hari Beharie Singh, Smt. Radha Singh, Smt. Radha Chikory and Shri Sisripat of Asiatic Bazaar. The Mooloo family, Hari Bhai Dina and Chandra Lutchman of Midrand. The Pretoria Hindu School now Amity Internal College, opened its doors some years back and ensured

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everything possible to up structures to establish Hindi schools in those areas.

that Hindi and other Indian languages were taught as part of the main school curriculum. Hindi was reborn and thrived and continues to do so at this school.

4. The Present The current period from the year 2000 onward is characterized by the slow regeneration of Hindi learning in Lenasia, Laudium. Mayfair and Benoni with little pathshalas making their appearance. Laudium was stimulated by the Pretoria Hindu School, Mayfair by its School of Music and Hindi, Benoni by its Hindi Pathshalas, Lenasia by the SVDS, Randburg by the Randburg Hindu Society and Midrand by the Midrand Hindu Sewa Samaj. The Hindi Shiksha Sangh of South Africa brought these emerging pathshalas together in 2005 to participate in a Hindi eisteddfod competition. Currently, in Lenasia at the Bharath Sharda Mandir School there are over hundred students studying Hindi. This is a full-time English medium school. At the following year’s event, the Gauteng Branch of the Hindi Shiksha Sangh was launched in Lenasia. Shri Heeralall Sewnath and Shri Virjanand Garrib were asked to steer this ship as the organization’s Joint Regional Directors. Both of them ran small pathshalas of their own and gave leadership to the region. Since then, we have succeeded in broadcasting the Hindi learning movement with the development of pathshalas in the following areas: Benoni, Springs, Robertsham, Lenasia, Randburg, Midrand, Edenvale, Azaadville and Honeydew and the Indian Cultural Centre (ICCR) in

Lenasia, Kliptown and Fordsburg Hindi and Hindu cultural education was spearheaded by the Sanathan Veda Dharma Sabha (SVDS) based in Lenasia. Under its auspices, Hindi education received attention from the Sabha’s very earliest days. Many committed teachers graced its classrooms including L.P. Ajoodha (Dami), Smt. Gurupersadh (Maaji), Smt. Chandrawil Das, Smt. Amrita Ajoodha (Bhaneji), Smt. Goodall Budhan Ajoodha, Suku Bhai Singh, Smt. Rani Rampersadh, Pt. Maharaj and Smt. Roshnidevi Maharaj and others. A special word of honour must go to the late Suku Bhai Singh who, in his later years, worked closely with the Gauteng Branch of the Hindi Shiksha Sangh to keep the teaching of Hindi alive in Lenasia. He was very committed to the propagation of Hindi and was a wonderful soul indeed, a true stalwart of the SVDS. In Mayfair and Fordsburg, the Mayfair School of Music and Hindi established itself in recent years and still continues to function despite the untimely death of its founder Shri Rahiv Shrivastava. The good work continues to this day with Smt. Shiva Shrivastava, his wife, now holding the baton. Other Areas Many other areas saw small Indian settlements develop. In all of them, cultural activity was not amiss. The Hindi Shiksha Sangh – Gauteng, would do 45


Johannesburg and in Laudium where some of these classes are small but consistent. We are pleased with this progress and now see a need to grow and consolidate these institutions. Hindi scholars from Durban who have moved into the province, feel a need to make their contributions as teachers. This has been a welcome gesture that we have accepted with both hands. The Uttar Bharath Sewaa Samaj and the ICCR both in Johannesburg are very supportive of this effort.

Exposure to all of this has made our youth directionless and distinctly disobedient. They would sooner imitate what is happening elsewhere, neglect their culture, adopt foreign value systems and in so doing, abandon or neglect that which is their own. The youth of Bharath are similarly afflicted. We are presently witnessing a transformation in Bharath that is looking ominous, portending a social tragedy of some magnitude, as it unfolds on our television screens; • The previous apartheid government encouraged the learning of our own languages. Hindi was taught in schools. There was a Department of Eastern Languages at our University. The new government has taken away our university, closed the Department of Eastern Languages, has discouraged the teaching of Indian languages in schools as it is not an official language of the country, and has neither engaged with us nor offered any alternative way of helping us preserve our own language. In the realm of language preservation and promotion, we are now more oppressed than we were under the apartheid. Ironically, the new South African Constitution requires government to “promote and ensure respect for Indian languages”; and • The broader Hindi speaking community of South Africa has over the years become listless and lethargic over the preservation of its

5. Barriers to progress • English is the predominant language in social, commercial and educational institutions. It has become the home language in all Hindi speaking homes; • Our society is bombarded by the written and electronic media that strongly promotes the western way of life, culture and value systems. This has had a debilitating effect on our own culture and value systems, which people have come to regard as the norm. The apartheid system gave privilege to “whites”. Our people aspired to equate to their way of life. This hangover still persists; • The electronic media delivers knowledge of world events instantaneously into our homes. The world has come together as never before, we get to see a lot of the bad that happens, not much of the good. World events and the impressions they leave behind affect attitudes, and change people’s ways of thinking. 46


language. Hindi speaking community show little love, desire or commitment for their own language. This is not a happy state of affairs. One can never be “too busy” not to want to embrace our heritage and identity. Even general support can add so much strength and impetus to a movement.

• The recognition of India as a major economic power together with a healthy respect for its skills base, Hindi, and its culture to the forefront in international relations and understanding. Hindi is now formally taught in schools in the west and elsewhere. The learning of Hindi has extended to corporate personnel and their families. Even private schools in South Africa have begun to offer lessons in Hindi; • Most of the Indian South Africans live along the coast of KwaZulu-Natal. The denial of jobs and opportunities to them by policies designed to favor Africans has caused a dispersion of Indians to other parts of South Africa. Their sudden immersion into unknown waters where members of their communities are few and far between has prompted a rethink of their values and identity. This rethink has already brought many youngsters to the doors of the Hindi class. Long may this trend continue! • Economic liberation has enabled many Hindispeaking South Africans to travel abroad and experience other cultures. Naturally, most of our people want to visit India. Exposure to the language and culture there has left many a traveller feeling inadequate and exposed. This experience has certainly been good for Hindi as, many are now turning up to Hindi classes; and • Hindi is a sweet and link language that lends

6. Blessings • The arrival of the ICCR to South Africa has given impetus to many people to embrace their culture more intensely. This development will certainly help in restoring pride in the community and in time will reverse the negative trends alluded to above. Greater financial support from the Indian Government to organizations like the Hindi Shiksha Sangh will enable much greater strides to be made to grow Hindi in South Africa; • The popularization of Hindi movies via television, the arrival of Indian television channels, increased cultural exchanges with Bharathmata, the implementation of ‘The Share History’ annual cultural programme between the Government of India and South Africa, has given Indian Culture prominence in the cultural milieu of South Africa. Many non-Hindi speaking South Africans now find resonance with Indian culture, Bollywood films, Indian Music and Hindi. In Gauteng certainly, many non-Hindi also take keen interest in other aspects of Indian culture; 47


itself easily to all who are exposed to it. It is ancient, mature and reflects the oldest civilization in the world. Hindi’s acceptance among people of other cultures must find resonance among Hindi-speaking South Africans also. The time has come for South Africans to shake off this inertia, reignite our bellies and recapture the magic of Hindi which has been a gift to all of us, wherever we live.

and voiceless; • Legislation exists to ensure that Hindi language gets equal treatment in democratic South Africa. The Pan South Africa Languages Board, which is entrusted with this responsibility, must be approached, informed and made to become our partner in the development of Hindi; • We also urge countries like India, Mauritius, Fiji, Trinidad and others where Hindi is a recognized language to lend support to South Africa in securing that Hindi becomes a recognized language. • The Government of India, in particular, to set up a liaison with the Hindi Shiksha Sangh– South Africa so that they understand the trials and tribulations in promoting Hindi in South Africa and work out strategies through which the objective of Hindi Promotion maximizes in South Africa, the will is there, but we lack enthusiasm, workable programmes, communication initiatives, audio-visual aids for teachers and students, teaching capacity, teacher capacity building programmes, rapid use of technology, community based Hindi language programmes, setting up of a language laboratory and making simple, readable Hindi written material.

7. Conclusions • Problems pertaining to the promotion of Hindi in Gauteng are not unique to the region; • The media in all its forms is inadequately exploited for the betterment of Hindi; • Hindi is not forcefully represented at government level. Its profile in those forums is woefully low and needs to change. The Hindi Shiksha Sangh will need to be more aggressive in this regard. This organization must, sooner rather than later, become the government’s point of reference for all matters in Hindi; • Indian socio-political institutions (South African) which should represent our community at government level are not proactive enough. The South African Hindu Maha Sabha, for example, by most showing its hand to the government in socio-political matters affecting the community, has by its inaction, left the community unrepresented

Hindi Shiksha Sangh Gauteng, South Africe Sewnath@arc.agric.za hindishikshasangh.gauteng@gmail.com

48


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¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬Á⁄Uøÿ Á¡Ÿ ŸÊÒ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ fl Ÿ ∑§fl‹ •‹ª-•‹ª ÷Ê·Ê ∞fl¢ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ¬ÎcΔUU÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§ Õ •Á¬ÃÈ ©UŸ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬ÊŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ÷Ë ÁflÁ÷㟠∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ‚ ÕË– $»˝§Ê¢‚Ë‚Ë ŸÊªÁ⁄U∑§ ÊÊ¢ ‹Í∑§ ªÊÚŒ˜»˝È§•Ê ∑§Ê $»˝§Ê¢‚ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë ¬ÊÚÁã«Uø⁄UË ∑§ãÿÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÁflflÊ„U Ÿ ©U‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝◊Ë ∞fl¢ ¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ ’ŸŸ ∑§Ê •Á÷‹Ê·Ë ’ŸÊ ⁄UπÊ ÕÊ– ÊÊ¢ ‹Í∑§ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ÿÊòÊÊ •Á÷∑§⁄UáÊ ≈˛Ufl‹ ∞¡¥‚Ë ÷Ë „ÒU, ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ „UÃÈ Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸflÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ʪ¸Œ‡Ê¸∑§ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê Sflÿ¢ ÁŸ÷ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∞fl¢ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ß‚ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ •àÿ¢Ã ‹Ê÷ŒÊÿ∑§ ÕÊ– ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃË ◊Í‹ ∑§Ë ÃË‚⁄UË ¬Ë…∏UË ÃÕÊ ß¢Ç‹Ò¥«U ‚ •¢ª˝ ÊË ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ∑ȧ⁄UÊŸ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹Ë ‚ÊÁ◊ÿÊ ‹Ê∑§Êà ¬ÈŸ— •¬ŸË ¡«∏U ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‹ÊÒ≈UŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ‚

¬˝◊ÊáÊ ¬òÊ ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÍÀÿÊ¢∑§Ÿ ÷Ë „ÈU•Ê– v| •ªSà ∑§Ê »˝¥§ø 49


÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã ¬˝◊ÊáÊ-¬òÊ ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ÷√Uÿ M§¬ ‚ ‚¢¬ãŸ ¬Í¡Ê ◊ÊœÊ ∑§’ Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹ ¬Ê߸? ¡’ ©U‚∑§Ê ÃËŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ß‚∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ÷ÍìÍfl¸ fl·Ë¸ÿ ’≈UÊ Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ÿ ‹Êÿ∑§ ’ŸÊ– Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊„UÊÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ üÊË Á’¡ÿ ◊œÈ ∞fl¢ ÁŸŒÁ‡Ê∑§Ê «UÊÚ. ÁfllÊà◊Ê ∑È¢§¡‹, ◊Í‹ ∑§ flÊ‚Ë ŒÁˇÊáÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ fl¢‡Ê¡ „Ò¥U Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ¬Ê¥Á«Uø⁄UË •ÕflÊ ‚¥-ŒŸË Ÿª⁄U¬ÊÁ‹∑§Ê ∑§ ◊„UʬÊÒ⁄U Á ÊÀ’⁄U •ÊŸÃ, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ flÊÁáÊÖÿŒÍà ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«ÈU ∑§– •Ã— fl„UÊ° ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ¡Ò‚Ë ©U¬¡Ê™§ ÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§„UÊ°, ¡„UÊ° (∑§ÊÒ¥‚È‹) üÊË ¡Ê¡¸ ⁄UÊ¡Í ÃÕÊ ‚¥-ŒŸË ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U ∞◊.∞‹.∞. ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬ÈÁc¬Ã-¬À‹Áflà „UÊ ¬ÊÃË– ©U¬ÁSÕà Õ– ©U‚ $»˝¥§ø-÷Ê·Ë Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ªÁ⁄U◊Ê ÉÊŸË÷Íà „ÈU߸– ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ •¢ÁÃ◊ ÁŒŸ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÕ˸ ÁŸS‚¢Œ„U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¤Ê‹Á∑§ÿÊ° “•Ê¢≈UŸ ⁄U©UÁŸÿÊ”¥ ∑§ “Á¡ÿÊÁŸÁ‚Ã” •àÿ¢Ã ˇÊÈéœ ß‚Á‹∞ „ÈU∞, ÄÿÊÁ¥ ∑§ ©UŸ∑§Ê •ÁS◊ÃÊ ∑§Ê ’Êœ Á⁄UÿãÍ ÿŸ ◊¥ œË⁄U-œË⁄U ’…∏UŸ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã Œ‡Êʸ߸ ªßZ ¡Ê«∏UŸflÊ‹Ë ∞∑§◊ÊòÊ ∑§«∏UË ◊Ò¥ „UË ÕË •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ªÊ „ÒU– vz •ªSÃ, wÆvy ∑§Ê »$ §˝ Ê¢‚ Áfl÷ʪ (http:www.antennereunion.fr/ Programmes/Dionicité-émission du 07-08-2013) SÕÊŸËÿ ¬òÊÊ¥ ‹ Êȟʸ‹

Œ Á‹‹ Œ ‹Ê ⁄U©UÁŸÿÊ¥ (Le journal de l’île de la Réunion) •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ ∑§ÊÁøÁ¡∞° (Le Quotidien) ◊¥ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢¬ãŸ ß‚ ◊„Uà ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ‹π ÷Ë ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈU∞–

Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ËÁ«UÿÊ

◊⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‹ÊÒ≈UŸ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà Ÿ ©Uã„¥U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‚¢¬˝·áÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U Á◊‹ªÊ Ÿ ‚¢¬·˝ áÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ©Uà∑§≈U ßë¿UÊ „UÊªË– •¬ŸË •Ê⁄U ‚ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ©UŸ∑§Ê ÿ„UË ‚ȤÊÊfl ÁŒÿÊ Á∑§ ◊„UËŸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U Á◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ’ŸÊ∞°, ¬⁄US¬⁄U ‚¢flÊŒ ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄Uπ¥ ÃÕÊ ◊⁄U ‚¢¬∑¸§ ◊¥ ÷Ë ⁄U„U¥– ¬⁄UU¢ÃÈ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U Á’¿U«U∏ ÃÊ ÿ„U ÿÊ¡ŸÊ •œÍ⁄UË ⁄U„U ªß¸– ©UŸ∑§Ë ŒË „ÈU߸ ÉÊ«∏UË „U◊‡ ÊÊ ©UŸ∑§Ë ÿÊŒ ÁŒ‹ÊÃË ⁄U„UÃË „ÒU–

Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ flÊÁáÊÖÿŒÍà ¡ÊÚ¡¸ ⁄UÊ¡Í ∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚ SÕ‹, ‚¥Ã-◊Ê⁄UË ◊¥ ¡’ ÁÃ⁄U¢UªÊ ¤Ê¢«UÊ ŸË‹ Ÿ÷ ◊¥ »§„U⁄UÊÿÊ ªÿÊ Ã’ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ªÊŸ ∞fl¢ Á„¢UŒË ªËÃÊ¥ ∑§Ë ªÍ°¡ ‚ ‚◊Sà flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ¬˝»È§ÁÀ‹Ã „UÊ ©UΔU Ê ÕÊ– fl„UË¥ ∑§ß¸ ∞‚ «¥UÁ≈US≈U, √UÿʬÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ‚ ◊Ò¥ Á◊‹Ë Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà •¬ŸÊ ŸÊÚS≈ÒUÁÀ¡ÿÊ √UÿÄà Á∑§ÿÊ– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ SflâòÊÃÊ ÁŒfl‚ ∑§ ©U¬‹ˇÿ ◊¥ „UË ⁄UÊÁòÊ ◊¥ ‚¥-ŒŸË Ÿª⁄U¬ÊÁ‹∑§Ê ∑§ ‚÷ʪÊ⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ flÊÁáÊÖÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ∞fl¢ Ÿª⁄U¬ÊÁ‹∑§Ê ∑§ Á◊‹-¡È‹ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ ¬„U‹Ë ’Ê⁄U ∞∑§ ÷√Uÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ– ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ $»˝¥§ø ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê– fl„UÊ° ∑ȧ¿U ¬ëøË‚ fl·ÊZ ‚ ’‚ ∞∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ Œ¢¬Áà Ÿ ¡’ Á„¢UŒË ªËà ªÊÿÊ Ã’ ©U‚∑§Ë πÍ’ ‚⁄UÊ„UŸÊ „ÈU߸– Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ∑§ ∞∑§ ¬˝Á‚h ‚ªÊ ªÊÿ∑§ ∑§Ë ’≈UË Ÿ ÖÿÊ¥ „UË “¡Ÿ-ªáÊ-◊Ÿ •ÁœŸÊÿ∑§ ¡ÿ „ÒU” ªÊŸÊ ¬˝Ê⁄U¢U÷ Á∑§ÿÊ ÃÊ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§ ⁄UÊ¥ª≈U π«∏U „UÊ ª∞– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Áfl‡fl¡ŸŸË M§¬ ∑§Ê •Ê÷Ê‚ „ÈU•Ê–

¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ßÃŸË ‹ªŸ ÕË Á∑§ „U⁄U ‹Äø⁄U ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ fl⁄UŒÊŸ ¡Ò‚Ê ÕÊ– ŒÒŸ¢ÁŒŸ ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ ©Uã„¥U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‚¢flÊŒ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U „UË ¬˝Êåà Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÁŒπÃË Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU, ‚ÈŸÊ߸ ÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥ ŒÃË „ÒU– ∞∑§ „UË ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ øÒŸ‹ „ÒU ¡„UÊ° Á’ŸÊ ’ÊÃøËÃ, Á’ŸÊ ÉÊÊ·áÊÊ / •ŸÊ©¢U‚◊¥≈U ∑§ ∑§fl‹ Á„¢UŒË ªÊŸ ø‹Ã „Ò¥U– Canal Satellite Á«U‡Ê ≈UË.flË. ‹ªÊŸ ¬⁄U ∑§fl‹ ÊË.≈UË.flË. •ÊÃË „ÒU, Á¡‚ ’„ÈUà ∑§◊ ‹Êª ŒπÃ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ßë¿UÊ „UÊŸ ¬⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÕ˸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŒŸ ÷Ê⁄Uà $»§ÊŸ ∑§⁄U, S∑§Ê߬ mÊ⁄UÊ •¬Ÿ Á⁄U‡ÃŒÊ⁄UÊ¥ ÿÊ Á„Uà Á◊òÊÊ¥ ‚ ’Êà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÕ˸

50


Á„¢UŒË ∞fl¢ ‚ΡŸÊÃ◊∑§ ∑§Ê҇ʋ

◊Ë‹Ê¥ ŒÍ⁄U „ÒU ◊⁄UË ◊Ê°, ◊⁄U ‚’‚ ∑§⁄UË’ „ÒU ◊⁄UË ◊Ê°– Á’Ÿ ’Ê‹ Á’Ÿ ∑§„U, ‚’ ¡ÊŸ ◊⁄UË ◊Ê°– ßÃŸË ŒÍ⁄U ‚ Ÿ ¡ÊŸ ∑Ò§‚ ¬„UøÊŸ ◊ȤÊ ◊⁄UË ◊Ê°– ó¬Í¡Ê ◊ÊœÊ

¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ ∑§Ê҇ʋ ∞fl¢ •Êà◊ÊÁ÷√UÿÁÄà ∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ „UÃÈ ∑ȧ¿U ©U¬Êÿ ‚ȤÊÊÃ ‚◊ÿ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Sflÿ¢ ◊Ê° Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° ⁄UøŸ ∑§Ê •ÊŒ‡Ê ÁŒÿÊ– ∑§ÁflÃÊ ⁄UøÃ-⁄UøÃ ∑ȧ¿U ‹Êª ⁄UÊ ¬«∏U– ∑§ÁflÃÊ ¬…∏UÃ ‚◊ÿ ©UŸ∑§Ê ∑¢§ΔUU •flL§h „UÊ ªÿÊ– ◊Ê° ‚ Á’¿U«∏UŸ ∑§Ê ŒŒ¸ ◊ÊòÊ ¡ŸŸË ◊Ê° ‚ Áfl¿UÊ„U ¡Ò‚Ê Ÿ„UË¥ ‹ªÊ, ◊ȤÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊ÊÃÊ ∑§Ê √UÿÊ◊Ê„U ‹ªÊ– ∞∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÕ˸ Ÿ ©U‚ ∑È¢§ΔUUÊ ‚ ◊ÈÁÄà ¬Ê߸ Á¡‚‚ fl„U fl·ÊZ ‚ ª˝Sà ÕÊ– ©U‚∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃflÊ‹ ‚ª ‚¢’¢ÁœÿÊ¥ Ÿ ©U‚ ¬⁄U ÿ„U •ÊˇÊ¬ ‹ªÊ ⁄UπÊ ÕÊ Á∑§ fl„U •¬ŸË ◊Ê° ∑§Ë ◊ÎàÿÈ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „ÒU– ©U‚Ë ∑§ Áfl⁄U„U ◊¥ ë∏U¬-ë∏U¬∑§⁄U ◊Ê° Ÿ ¬˝ÊáÊ àÿʪ ÁŒ∞ Õ– ©U‚∑§Ë ß‚ ∑È¢§ΔUUÊ ∑§Ê •ãÿ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ÃÕÊ ◊Ò¥Ÿ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ŒÍ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– •Ê¡ •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ’Êà ø‹ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ÄÿÊ ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê Áfl⁄UøŸ •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚ ‚¢÷fl „UÊ ¬ÊÃÊ? ◊⁄UÊ ÁŸ¡Ë •ŸÈ÷fl ∑§„UÃÊ „ÒU, ∑§ŒÊÁ¬ Ÿ„UË¥– ©U‚ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÕ˸ ∑§Ê Õ¬∑§Ë Œ∑§⁄U ◊Ò¥Ÿ øȬ ∑§⁄UflÊÿÊ ÕÊ– ∞∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ∑§Ê ¬˝◊Èπ ªÈáÊ ¬˝◊ „ÒU, ©U‚ ¬˝◊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚ÊˇÊÊà Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò¥U– ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑Χà ∑ȧ¿U ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° Á¡‚ ‚ÈŸ∑§⁄U ¡ã◊÷ÍÁ◊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê NUŒÿ ÷Ë Œ„U‹ ¡Ê∞ó ◊Ê° •Ê¡ ÃÈê„UÊ⁄UË ÿÊŒ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Í°U ¡„UÊ°-¡„UÊ° ◊Ò¥ ¡Ê™°§, ¡Ê ¡Ê ÷Ë ◊Ò¥ ∑§M°§, ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU „U⁄U ‚◊ÿ ÃÈ◊ ◊⁄U ™§¬⁄U Ÿ Ê⁄U ⁄UπÃË ⁄U„UÃË „UÊ– •⁄U ◊Ê°! ◊Ò¥ ÃÊ ’ëøÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ⁄U„UÊ Á»§⁄U ÷Ë ◊ȤÊ ◊Ê‹Í◊ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊Ê° ∑§Ê ÿÊŒ ∑§⁄U∑§, ÿÊ ◊Ê° ∑§ ¬Ê‚ •Ê∑§⁄U, ◊Ò¥ „U◊‡ÊÊ ’ëøÊ „UË ⁄U„Í°UªÊ! ó ÊÊ¢ ‹È∑§

◊Ê° ◊Ê° åÿÊ⁄UË ◊Ê°! ◊Ȥʂ ’„ÈUà åÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃË ◊Ê°– ŒÍ⁄U ¡’ ÃȤʂ ◊Ê°, ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ê •Õ¸ ¬ÃÊ ø‹Ê Ã’‚ ◊Ê°– Ã⁄UË ¤Êå¬Ë, Ã⁄UÊ ‹Ê«∏U, ’„ÈUà ÿÊŒ •ÊÃÊ ◊Ê°– ‚È’„U, ŒÊ¬„U⁄U, ‡ÊÊ◊ ⁄UÊà ÃȤÊ ¬È∑§Ê⁄UÃË ÕË ◊Ê°– Ã⁄U Á‚⁄U ¬⁄U fl„U „UÊÕ Á»§⁄UÊŸÊ, •Ê°π ◊¥ •Ê°‚Í ‹ÊÃÊ ◊Ê°– ‚Êø ⁄U„UË „Í°U ŒÊÒ«∏U •Ê ¡Ê™°§, ªÊŒ ◊¥ ‚Ê ¡Ê™°§ ◊Ê°– ó¬Í¡Ê •◊ÎËʋ

ÁflŒÊ߸ ∑§Ë ’‹Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ •¢ÁÃ◊ ÁŒŸ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÊÕ˸ •àÿ¢Ã ˇÊÈéœ ß‚Á‹∞ „ÈU∞ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ©UŸ∑§Ê ¡Ê«∏UŸflÊ‹Ë ∞∑§◊ÊòÊ ∑§«∏UË ◊Ò¥ „UË ÕË •ÊÒ⁄U ◊⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‹ÊÒ≈UŸ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà Ÿ ©Uã„¥U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‚¢¬˝·áÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U Á◊‹ªÊ Ÿ ‚¢¬˝·áÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ©Uà∑§≈U ßë¿UÊ „UÊªË– •¬ŸË •Ê⁄U ‚ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ©UŸ∑§Ê ÿ„UË ‚ȤÊÊfl ÁŒÿÊ Á∑§ ◊„UËŸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U Á◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ’ŸÊ∞°, ¬⁄US¬⁄U ‚¢flÊŒ ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄Uπ¥ ÃÕÊ ◊⁄U ‚¢¬∑¸§ ◊¥ ÷Ë ⁄U„¥U– ¬⁄U¢UÃÈ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U Á’¿U«∏U ÃÊ ÿ„U ÿÊ¡ŸÊ •œÍ⁄UË ⁄U„U ªß¸– ©UŸ∑§Ë ŒË „ÈU߸ ÉÊ«∏UË „U◊‡ÊÊ ©UŸ∑§Ë ÿÊŒ ÁŒ‹ÊÃË ⁄U„UÃË „ÒU– 51


Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ

∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÒU ÃÊ ¬˝ÊÒ…∏U ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ¬˝Á⁄Uà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UªÊ– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ‹‹∑§ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ¬˝ÊÒ…∏U ‹ÊªÊ¥ ◊¥ ŒπË „ÒU, Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ©UŸ ªÈ¡⁄UÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ¡Ê fl·ÊZ ¬„U‹ ◊Ò«UʪÊS∑§⁄U ∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë Õ •ÊÒ⁄U fl„UÊ° ∑§Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ •√UÿflSÕÊ, •⁄UÊ¡∑§ÃÊ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊfl‡Ê Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ ¬ÈŸ— ¬˝flÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ÿÁŒ ∞∑§ ◊Ê° ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊ ŒË ªß¸ ÃÊ •ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ÷ÊflË ¬Ë…∏UË ◊¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ’Ë¡Ê¢∑ȧ⁄UáÊ „UÊ ªÿÊ– ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ‚ÊˇÊÊà ‹ªŸË øÊÁ„U∞ Ÿ Á∑§ online •ÕflÊ distance education ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚– ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á⁄Uà Ã÷Ë ∑§⁄U ¬Ê∞°ª ¡’ ©UŸ∑§ NUŒÿ ∑§Ë âÁòÊÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¿ÍU ¬Ê∞°, distance ‚ ÿ„U ‚¢÷fl Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ŒÍÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬Ê≈UŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ∑§⁄¥U, ŒÍÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊŸ ∑§Ê •Á÷ÿÊŸ Ÿ ø‹Ê∞°! ÁŸc∑§·¸ M§¬ ◊¥ Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ∑§ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ flÊ¢¿UŸËÿ ‚ȤÊÊflÊ¥ ∑§Ê ŒÊ„U⁄UÊ ŒŸÊ ©UÁøà „UÊªÊ– ‚ȤÊÊfl ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥Uó  Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ ‹ªÊÃÊ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡Ê· ¬„U‹ ∑§⁄UŸË ¬«∏UªË ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Áfl⁄UÊœË Œ‹ ÿÕÊ ÃÁ◊‹ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬Ä∑§ ‚◊Õ¸∑§ ¬„U‹ ‚ fl„UÊ° ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „Ò¥U–  ¬˝ÊÒ…∏U ¡ŸÊ¥ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U ’‹ ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ©UŸ◊¥ ¡«∏U ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‹ÊÒ≈UŸ ∑§Ë Á¬¬Ê‚Ê „ÒU–  ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë ∑§Ê ‚„UÊ⁄UÊ ‹∑§⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ¬⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚ÊˇÊÊà „UÊ– ‚ÊˇÊÊà Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã flÊSÃÁfl∑§ ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¥ ‚ •flªÃ „UÊ¥ª •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ ÷Ë ‚¢÷fl „UÊªÊ–  ¬˝ÊÒ…∏U ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ ∑§Ê •ÕflÊ ‡ÊÁŸflÊ⁄U ∑§Ê „UË ‚¢¬ãŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ¡’ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê •fl∑§Ê‡Ê ¬˝Êåà „UÊ–

¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà ¡’ Ÿª⁄U¬ÊÁ‹∑§Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ŒÊ-ÃËŸ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ ‚„UªÊ◊Ë ªÁÃÁflÁœ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ „UÃÈ ÁflôÊÁåà ÁŸ∑§Ê‹Ë ªß¸ ÃÊ ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÁ∑˝§ÿÊ Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹Ë– ◊ȤÊ •àÿÁœ∑§ ÁŸ⁄UʇÊÊ „ÈU߸ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ fl„UÊ° ÃÁ◊‹ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚◊Õ¸∑§ •Áœ∑§ „Ò¥U, ß‚ ≈UÊ¬Í ◊¥ ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«ÈU ¬˝Ê¢Ã ∑§ fl¢‡Ê¡ „UË •Áœ∑§ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ©UŸ∑§Ê ‚¢SÕʪà ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ÷Ë ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U ÃÁ◊‹ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ¬⁄U¢UÃÈ ŒflÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝flÊ„U ∑§Ê ∑§ÊÒŸ ⁄UÊ∑§ ¬ÊÿÊ „ÒU? ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U wÆvy ◊¥ ‡ÊÈ÷ ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U ¬˝Êåà „ÈU•Ê Á∑§ ß‚ ’Ê⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ ‚„UªÊ◊Ë ªÁÃÁflÁœ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝Ê⁄U¢U÷ „UÊŸ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ◊⁄U Á‹∞ ÿ„U Á∑§‚Ë ‚ê◊ÊŸ ÿÊ ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ‚ ’…∏U∑§⁄U ÕÊ– Á∑§‚Ë ÁflŒ‡ÊË Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ’ÊÀÿÊflSÕÊ ‚ „UË ’ëøÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ’Ë¡Ê⁄UÊ¬áÊ ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ „UÊÕ ’≈UÊ ¬ÊŸÊ ◊⁄U Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ◊„Uà ©U¬‹Áéœ „ÒU– •Ê¡ ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvz ◊¥ ¬Í¡Ê ◊ÊœÊ, ‚È⁄¥Uº˝ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ’«∏UË Ãã◊ÿÃÊ ∞fl¢ ªfl¸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚¥-ŒŸË ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ÿÕÊ ∞∑§Ê‹ ‚Ê¢òÊÊ‹, ∞∑§Ê‹ ÊÈ∞¢Áfl‹, ∞∑§Ê‹ ÊÈ‹ ⁄UŒ‹ ’ ◊¥ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Ÿ∑§ ¿UÊ≈UË-¿UÊ≈UË ≈UÊÁ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ‚ ¬Á⁄UÁøà ∑§⁄UÊ øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ‚Êà ‚åÃÊ„U ∑§Ê „UÊÃÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ‚åÃÊ„U ◊¥ øÊ⁄UÊ¥ ÁŒŸ (∑§fl‹ øÊ⁄U „UË ÁŒŸ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ø‹ÃË „ÒU) ∞∑§-∞∑§ ÉÊ¢≈U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUUŸ ø‹ÃÊ „ÒU– ‚È⁄¥Uº˝ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ∑§ ◊ÃÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë L§Áø ‚⁄UÊ„UŸËÿ „ÒU– ◊ȤÊ ÷Ë ©UŸ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊŸÊ ’„ÈUà •ë¿UÊ ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU–

ÁŸc∑§·¸ ÃÕÊ ‚ȤÊÊfl ◊Ò¥Ÿ ¡Ê •ŸÈ÷fl ª˝„UáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ©U‚∑§ •Ê‹Ê∑§ ◊¥ ◊Ò¥ ÿ„UË ∑§„UŸÊ üÊÿS∑§⁄U ‚◊¤ÊÃË „Í°U Á∑§ ÿÁŒ Á⁄UÿÍãÿŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U

∞‚ÊÁ‡Ê∞≈U ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U, Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊Ê∑§Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ rajranigobin@yahoo.com

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vv. ¬Á‡ø◊Ë •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË — ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊„UÊmˬ «UÊÚ. üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢ÿÈÄÃÊ ÷ÈflŸ-⁄UÊ◊‚Ê⁄UÊ ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑§ •Ê¬ ‚÷Ë ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ªÊ‹Ë, M§•Ê¢«UÊ ◊¥ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~~y ◊¥ •◊ÊŸÈÁ·∑§ Ÿ⁄U‚¢„UÊ⁄U „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ, ◊Ò¥ Á∑§ªÊ‹Ë ◊¥ ÷Ë ÕË ∑§Ê$»§Ë ‚◊ÿ Ã∑§– ÃÙ fl„UÊ° ÿÈh ∑§ ’ÊŒ ∑§ •Á÷‡Êåà flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ∑§ NUŒÿÁflŒÊ⁄U∑§ ŒÈc≈U ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊Ù¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ¡ËÿÊ •ı⁄U øÊ«U ◊¥ ¡Ù ¡ÊÁÃ-‚¢„UÊ⁄U (genocide) „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ Á¡‚◊¥ ∞∑§ ÁŒŸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ Á◊Á‹ÿŸ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ë „UàÿÊ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÕË, ◊‡Ê≈UË (machete) ‚ ◊Ê⁄UÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ, ©Uœ⁄U fl„UÊ° ∑§Ê ¡Ù flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ „ÒU, ’„ÈUà ¬Ë«∏UÊ¡Ÿ∑§ „ÒU– fl„UÊ° ‹Ùª ∑§÷Ë „°U‚Ã Ÿ„UË¥ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ∞‚Ê ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ fl ∞∑§ ‡◊‡ÊÊŸ ◊¥ ¡Ë ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– Á¡‚∑§Ù ÷Ë ŒÁÅÊ∞ ©UŸ∑§ ø„U⁄U ¬⁄U ◊ÈS∑ȧ⁄UÊ„U≈U Ÿ„UË¥ „UÙÃË „ÒU– ’„ÈUà ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒU, øÈ≈U∑ȧ‹ (jokes) ’Ù‹Ÿ ¬«∏UÃ „Ò¥U Ã’ ¡Ê∑§⁄U fl ÕÙ«∏UÊ ◊ÈS∑ȧ⁄UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ‚ ◊Ò¥ øÊ«U ◊¥ ÷Ë ªß¸ ÕË– øÊ«U ◊¥ ¬˝∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ù¬ •ı⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë •√ÿflSÕÊ ◊ÊŸfl ∑§Ù ¤Ê∑§¤ÊÙ⁄U ŒÃË „ÒU ¡’ zÆ Á«Uª˝Ë Ãʬ◊ÊŸ ◊¥ Á’¡‹Ë •ı⁄U ¬ÊŸË ∑§Ê •÷Êfl „UÙ •ı⁄U ◊‹Á⁄UÿÊ (malaria) fl ≈UÊß$»§ÊÚß«U (typhoid) ¡Ò‚Ë ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° ÃÙ fl„UÊ° •Ê◊ ’È$πÊ⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„U „Ò¥U– „U◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ’Ê⁄U ÿ ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° „ÈU߸ •ı⁄U ΔUË∑§ ÷Ë „UÙ ªßZ– •’ ∞’Ù‹Ê (Ebola) •¬ŸÊ ¡Ê‹ Á’¿UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á»§⁄U ÷Ë ◊⁄UÊ ÿ„U ÁŸc∑§·¸ „ÒU Á∑§ ¬Á‡ø◊ •ı⁄U ◊äÿ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ∑§ Œ‡Ê ª⁄UË’ Ÿ„UË¥ „Ò¥U ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ∑§⁄UË’ ‚ ŒÅÊÊ, fl„UÊ° ¡ËÿÊ, ©U‚ ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ù ŒÅÊÊ ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ fl„UÊ° ¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑§Ë ’„ÈU‹ÃÊ „ÒU, ’‚ ©UŸ∑§Ê ©U¬ÿÈÄà ŒÙ„UŸ •ı⁄U ©UŸ‚ ¬˝Êåà •Êÿ ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– Ÿ„UË¥ ÃÙ ’„ÈUà œŸË Œ‡Ê „ÒU, ∑§ß¸ ’Ê⁄U ∑§ß¸ ŸÁŒÿÙ¥ ◊¥ ª∞ ÃÙ fl„UÊ° „UË⁄U ÁŒÅÊ ¡ÊÃ– ’„ÈUà „UË œŸË Œ‡Ê „ÒU– ߟ …UÊ߸ fl·ÙZ ◊¥ ◊ȤÊ Áfl‡ÊcÊ ‚Ê„U‚, ÁŸ÷¸⁄UÃÊ, œÒÿ¸, ‚„UŸ‡ÊÁÄÃ, ¬˝ÁÃ’hÃÊ, ©U◊¢ª-©Uà‚Ê„U, ÁŸcΔUÊ •ı⁄U ‚◊¬¸áÊ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ¬«U∏Ë– ߟ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Sfl‚‡ÊÄÃË∑§⁄UáÊ „UÃÈ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑¥§º˝ ÅÊÙ‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ÁŸÁ◊à ’ŸË– ◊Ò¥ ©UŸ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚◊ãflÿ∑§ (coordinator) ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„UË– Áfl‡fl ∑§ •Ÿ∑§ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ‚ ‹ª÷ª vÆÆ ‹ÙªÙ¥ Ÿ ß, ◊Ÿ, œŸ

ŸÔ˜ wÆÆy ◊¥ ◊Ò¥Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U øÊ⁄U ŒÍ⁄UŒ‡Ê˸ ÁflmÖ¡ŸÙ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ fl ∑ȧ¿U •ãÿ Áfl‡fl ∑§ÀÿÊáÊ∑§Ê⁄UË ‚◊Ê¡ ‚fl∑§Ù¥ Ÿ ∞∑§ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ ∑§Ù •Ê⁄¢U÷ Á∑§ÿÊ Á¡‚ “‚fl¸ •$»§˝ Ë∑§Ê” (Serve Africa) ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ‚ ¡ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ∑ȧ¿U ŸÊ◊ ©UÀ‹ÅÊŸËÿ „Ò¥U ¡Ò‚ Ÿ¡Ê◊ ¡Èê◊Ê ¡Ù ∑§ãÿÊ ∑§ ¬˝Á‚h ©UlÙª¬Áà fl ‚◊Ê¡ ‚fl∑§ „Ò¥U; ◊Ù Ê Ê ◊Ê∑¸§‚, ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ∑§ ∑§◊¸ΔU √ÿfl‚ÊÿË; ŸË∑§ Á∑˝§SÿÊ¢‚Ÿ, ÿÍ.∑§. ∑§ ¬˝ılÙÁª∑§Ë flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§ ÃÕÊ ⁄UÊ¡ÿÙÁªŸË, flŒÊ¢ÃË ¡Ë ¡Ù ªÈ¡⁄UÊà ÁŸflÊ‚Ë ÃÕÊ ‚¢¬˝Áà •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ⁄UÊÖÿÙ¥ ∑§ ∑¥§º˝Ù¥ ∑§Ë ◊„UÊÁŸŒÁ‡Ê∑§Ê „Ò¥U– ß‚ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ ∑§Ê ©UŒŒ˜Ô ‡ ÿ ÕÊ Á∑§ ‚¢¬ãŸ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ œ◊¸, ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ, ÷Ê·Ê •ı⁄U ‚Ö¡ŸÃÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚ÈÅÊ-‚◊ÎÁh •ı⁄U ‡ÊÊ¢Áà ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ– ‚ÊÕ „UË ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ Áø¢ÃŸ, •Êà◊ ¬˝’œ¢ Ÿ ŸÃàÎ fl (self-management leadership), ßÊfl ◊ÈÄà ¡ËflŸ (stress free living), ‚◊ÿ ¬˝’¢œŸ (time management), ¡ËflŸ ◊ÍÀÿÙ¥ (living values) •ÊÁŒ ∑§Êÿ¸∑§˝ ◊ mÊ⁄UÊ √ÿÁÄà •ı⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ê ©UàÕÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ– •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊„UÊmˬ ∑§ v{ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÿ„U ‹Ù∑§ ∑§ÀÿÊáÊ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§Êÿ¸ ¬„U‹ ‚ „UË ‡ÊÈM§ „UÙ øÈ∑§Ê ÕÊ– “‚fl¸ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê” (Serve Africa) ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ‡Ê· yÆ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÿ„U ‚flÊ •Ê⁄¢U÷ „ÈU߸– ◊⁄UÊ ‚ı÷ÊÇÿ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊ȤÊ ÷Ë Œfl flÊáÊË Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ÃÕÊ œ◊¸ •ı⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ •Ÿ◊Ù‹ ⁄UàŸÙ¥ ∑§Ê ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ‚ÈŸ„U⁄UÊ •fl‚⁄U Á◊‹Ê •ı⁄U ß‚ ª„UŸ •ŸÈ÷fl ‚ ¬˝ÊÁåÃÿÊ° „U ÊÊ⁄U ªÈŸÊ „ÈUßZ– ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆz ‚ wÆÆ} ∑§ ’Ëø ‹ª÷ª …Ê߸ fl·ÙZ Ã∑§ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊„UÊmˬ ∑§ ߟ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„UËó∑§ãÿÊ, ∑Ò§◊M§Ÿ, ßÁÕÿÙÁ¬ÿÊ, •Êßfl⁄UË ∑§ÙS≈U, M§•Ê¢«UÊ, øÊ«U, ‚¥≈˛U‹ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê, ‚¥≈˛U‹ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë ªáÊ⁄UÊÖÿ (central African republic) •ÊÁŒ– •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ⁄U„U∑§⁄U ‚flÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÈŸıÃˬÍáʸ ⁄U„UÊ– ◊ËÁ«UÿÊ •ı⁄U •¢Ã⁄U¡Ê‹ mÊ⁄UÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ë ¤Ê‹∑§ ÃÙ Á◊‹ „UË ¡ÊÃË „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ …UÊ߸ fl·ÙZ Ã∑§ ߟ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ©U¬ÁSÕà „UÙ∑§⁄U ¬˝àÿˇÊ •ŸÈ÷fl ÷Ë „ÈU•Ê– fl„UÊ° ∑§Ë ª⁄UË’Ë ŒÅÊË ÃÕÊ ÷˝c≈UÊøÊ⁄U ∑§ ÷ÿÊŸ∑§ M§¬Ù¥ ‚ ÷Ë ÷¥≈U „ÈU߸– 53


◊ÈÁS‹◊ ∞fl¢ ŒÁˇÊáÊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ „ÒU¥ •ı⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÙ¥ ÃÕÊ ◊Ÿ‚Ê-flÊøÊ-∑§◊¸áÊÊ ß‚ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ ◊¥ Á»§⁄U ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑§ ¬„U‹ ’ÃÊ øÈ∑§Ë „Í°U Á∑§ ÃÕÊ ¬ÊÁ∑§SÃÊÁŸÿÙ¥ ◊¥ „U◊ ŒÅÊÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ ’„ÈUà ÁŸ—‡ÊÈÀ∑§ ÃÕÊ ÁŸSSflÊÕ¸ ÷Êfl ‚ •¬ŸÊ ‚¢¬áÍ Ê¸ ¬Á‡ø◊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê »˝¥§ø „ÒU, ß‚ „UË ¬˝◊ ÷Êfl „ÒU •ı⁄U ÿ„U ÷Ë ŒÅÊÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ ‚„UÿÙª ¬˝ŒÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ– ◊Ò¥Ÿ ÷Ë •flÒÃÁŸ∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ߟ ‚÷Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÊŸÊ¥ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ߸Œ ÃÕÊ ÁŒflÊ‹Ë ÷Ë ‚ÊÕ•fl∑§Ê‡Ê (leave without pay) ‹∑§⁄U √ÿfl‚ÊÁÿÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ $»̋¥§ø ‚ÊÕ ◊ŸÊÃ „Ò¥U– fl„UÊ° ‚flÊ ∑§Ë– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ flÊÁ‚ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë Á‚ÅÊÊŸ ∑§Ê ÷Ë •fl‚⁄U Á◊‹Ê– ¡’ fl ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ’Êà ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ⁄U„UË ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ „U◊ òÊÒ-÷ÊÁ·∑§ •¬Ÿ ∑§Ê◊ ‚ ÁŸflÎûÊ „UÙÃ ÃÊ ‡ÊÊ◊ ∑§ ∑§ ‹Ùª ¡„UÊ° ÷Ë ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U •¬ŸË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÃÊ „Ò¥U •Õʸà Á„¢UŒË-•¢ª˝¡Ë ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ $»˝¥§ø ‚◊ÿ „U◊ ©Uã„¥U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ $»˝¥§ø ∑§Ù Ÿ„UË¥ ¿UÙ«U∏Ã– ∑ȧ¿U ÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥ ¿UÙ«∏UÃ, øÊ„U ÷Ë ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U– ÃÙ ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „U◊ ŒÅÊÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ Á‚ÅÊÊÃ Õ– •Ã— •Ê¬ ÿ„U •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ fl„U fl‡Ê-÷Í·Ê „UÙ, ÷Ù¡Ÿ „UÙ, fl˝Ã-àÿÙ„UÊ⁄U ß‚ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ ‚ ©UŸ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ‹ªÊ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U Á∑§ ¬Á‡ø◊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ „UÙ ÿÊ øÊ„U •¬ŸË Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê– SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ √ÿfl‚ÊÿË „UË ÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢‡ÊË ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁflÁœflà ‚„UÿÙªË Õ– •Ã— Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ôÊÊŸ Ÿ ÷Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-¬hÁà ∑§ •ÊÿÙ¡Ÿ ∑§Ë ¬Á‡ø◊Ë •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÙ¥ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ¬È‹ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ∑§ ’Ëø Á„¢UŒË •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒÍ-‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ¬Á‡ø◊Ë •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ©U¬ÁSÕÁà Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ù¥ ¬⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄U ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UŸ Á∑§ªÊ‹Ë, M§•Ê¢«UÊ ◊¥ ‚Ê…∏U ÃËŸ ‚ı ‚ ¬„U‹ ◊Ò¥ ÿ„U ’Êà S¬c≈U ∑§„U ŒŸÊ øÊ„UÃË „Í°U Á∑§ ◊⁄UÊ ßŸ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Äà ¬˝àÿ∑§ ‡ÊÁŸflÊ⁄U ∑§Ù ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U ◊¥ Á◊‹Ã „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ¡ÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝àÿˇÊ ‹ˇÿ ÷‹ „UË Á„¢UŒË ‚ ¡È«∏UÊ Ÿ ÕÊ, ‹Á∑§Ÿ fl„UÊ° ∑§Ê ¬ÊΔU ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U, ¬˝fløŸ „UÙÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ‚ mÊ‹Ê ¡Ù ∑Ò§◊M§Ÿ ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U ◊Ò¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë •ŸÁªŸÃ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° ∑§Ë •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ⁄UÊ¡œÊŸË „ÒU fl„UÊ° Ÿfl⁄UÊÁòÊ ◊¥ Ÿı ÁŒŸÙ¥ Ã∑§ ‹ª÷ª z •ŸÈ÷fl ∑§Ë¥– ‚ı ‚ ÷Ë •Áœ∑§ ÷Äà fl˝ÃœÊ⁄UáÊ ∑§⁄U∑§ ŒflË-¬Í¡Ê ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U Ÿı ÁŒŸÙ¥ Ã∑§ fl„UË¥ ¬∑§flÊŸ-÷Ù¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U •ÊÁ’Œ¡ÊŸ ¡Ù •Êßfl⁄UË ∑§ÙS≈U ∑§Ë ⁄UÊ¡œÊŸË „ÒU fl„UÊ° ÷Ë ¬˝Áà ⁄UÁflflÊ⁄U ∑§Ù ‚÷Ë ªËÃÊ-◊¢ÁŒ⁄U ◊¥ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ªËÃÊ-¬ÊΔU ∞fl¢ ‚à‚¢ª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ◊Ê∑¸§ ∑§Ë ’Êà ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U ∑§Ù߸ ôÊÊŸË ¬¢Á«Uà Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¡Ù-¡Ò‚Á¡ÃŸÊ ¡ÊŸÃÊ „ÒU flÙ flÒ‚ ¬Í¡Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ‚¢S∑Χà ◊¢òÊÙ¥ ∑§Ê ªÊÿŸ •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ÅÊÍ’ ¬˝ÿÙª „UÙÃÊ „ÒU–

¬Á‡ø◊Ë •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÙ¥ ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡fl ∑§ ‹ª÷ª vvÆ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ xÆ Á◊Á‹ÿŸ ‚ •Áœ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ’‚Ã „Ò¥U– ¬Á‡ø◊Ë ∞fl¢ ◊äÿ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ ¬˝Êÿ— y ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ „Ò¥Uó¬„U‹Ê „ÒUó÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ √ÿʬÊ⁄UË ¡Ù •ŸÈ’¢œ ¬⁄U fl„UÊ° ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U, ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ „ÒUó•Ÿ∑§ ¬‡Êfl⁄U ¡Ù •Ÿ∑§ fl·ÙZ ‚ fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ‚¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ⁄U„UÃ „Ò¥U, ÃË‚⁄UÊó∑§◊¸øÊ⁄UË ¡Ù ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ∑¢§¬ÁŸÿÙ¥ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U øıÕÊó∑ȧ¿U ∞‚ ‹Ùª „Ò¥U, ¡Ù øÊ‹Ë‚ fl·ÙZ ‚ •Áœ∑§ fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U ⁄U„U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ¡Ò‚ Á∑§ ¬ÊÁ∑§SÃÊŸ •ı⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê Áfl÷Ê¡Ÿ „ÈU•Ê ÃÙ ’„ÈUà ‚ Á‚¢œË √ÿʬÊ⁄UË ‹Ùª ‚Ëœ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ÿÊ ¬Á‡ø◊Ë •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ø‹ ª∞– ߟ◊¥ ‚ •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê Á‚¢œË, ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃË,

÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢‡ÊË •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑Ò§◊M§Ÿ, •Êßfl⁄UË ∑§ÙS≈U, M§•Ê¢«UÊ, øÊ«U, •ÊÁŒ ◊¥ ÁflÁœflà Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÙÃË– Á»§⁄U ÷Ë mÊ‹Ê ∑§ ∞∑§ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ë S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ •ı⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ ◊ÊŸfl ◊ÍÀÿÙ¥ ¬⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄U54


‚ËÅÊŸ •ÊÃ Õ, ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ Sflÿ¢ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ‚ËÅÊŸ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§Ë– „U◊Ÿ ©UŸ∑§Ù fláʸ◊Ê‹Ê, ¿UÙ≈U-¿UÙ≈U ‚¢flÊŒ Á‚ÅÊÊ∞ •ı⁄U ÕÙ«∏U „UË ‚◊ÿ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ’Ù‹ŸÊ ÷Ë ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ÃÕÊ ‚’ ∑§ ◊Ÿ ◊¥ ∞‚Ë ÷ÊflŸÊ ÕË Á∑§ ∑§◊-‚-∑§◊ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà •fl‡ÿ ¡Ê∞°– ߟ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ù¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ¡Ù „Ò¥U, fl •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë ◊Í‹ ∑§ „UË „Ò¥U ¡Ò‚ ßS∑§ÊÚŸ (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ⁄UÊ$»§Ê∞‹ ŒÊ‚ ¡Ë „Ò¥U, ¬¢. $»˝§Ê¢Á‚‚ ‚ÊßZ ’Ê’Ê ∑§ ¬˝œÊŸ „Ò¥U ¡Ù ‚¢S∑ΧÃ-◊¢òÊÙ¥ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ’„ÈUà •ë¿UÊ ¬˝ÿÙª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– fl ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ‚◊ÿ Ã∑§ ⁄U„U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ù ÷Ë •¬ŸÊÿÊ „ÒU– fl ‹Ùª ’˝rÊÔ ◊È„UÍø ◊¥ ¡Êª⁄UáÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „ÒU¥, ‡ÊÊ∑§Ê„UÊ⁄UË „Ò¥U, ÿÙª-‚ÊœŸÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷Ë ‚ËÅÊÃ „Ò¥U– •÷Ë ∞‚ ‹Ùª „Ò¥U ¡Ù ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ù ‚¢÷Ê‹ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U Á∑˝§‚◊‚ ◊ŸÊŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ⁄UˇÊÊ-’¢œŸ ÷Ë ◊ŸÊÃ „Ò¥U Á¡‚◊¥ ¬ÊÁ∑§SÃÊŸ, ÷Ê⁄UÃ, •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ‹Ùª Á◊‹∑§⁄U ÿ„U àÿÙ„UÊ⁄U ◊ŸÊÃ „Ò¥U– ⁄UÊSÃ ¬⁄U ⁄U„UŸflÊ‹ ’ëøÙ¥ (street children) ∑§Ù ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË Á‚ÅÊÊ߸ ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§ ©Uã„¥U Á„¢UŒË-ªÊŸ ’„ÈUà ¬‚¢Œ Õ– ‚ÊÕ „UË ∑Ò§◊M§Ÿ ∑§Ë ¡‹ ∑§ ∑Ò§ÁŒÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË Á‚ÅÊÊŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U ¬˝Êåà „ÈU•Ê– wÆÆ| ◊¥ „U◊ fl„UÊ° ∑§ SÕÊŸËÿ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊË ‚ Á◊‹ •ı⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ÁflÁœflà ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¬⁄U øøʸ ∑§Ë •ı⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ë •Ù⁄U ‚ ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ©UûÊ⁄U ÷Ë Á◊‹Ê– •¢Ã ◊¥ „U◊ ÿ„UË ∑§„¥Uª Á∑§ „U◊ ¬Á‡ø◊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚flÊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– ÿ„U ¡Á≈U‹ ∑§Êÿ¸ •fl‡ÿ „UË ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸ ◊¥ ’„UÊ⁄U ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ¡Ò‚Ê „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ „U◊ ‚÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬˝◊Ë ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ø◊à∑§Ê⁄UË ¬ÈL§·ÊÕ¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡fl ÷⁄U ◊¥ ¬˝Á‚h „Ò¥U–

◊¢òÊáÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ¡ÊÃË ÕË– Ã÷Ë fl„UÊ° ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¬‡Êfl⁄UÙ¥ ∑§ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ù Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§Ê ◊ı∑§Ê Á◊‹Ê– ∑ȧ¿U •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë ’ëøÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ‚ËÅÊŸ ∑§Ë L§Áø ÕË– fl •¢ª˝ ÊË ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËÅÊÃ Õ– ‚ÊÕ „UË M§•Ê¢«UÊ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ÃËŸ ’Ê⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ‹ªÊßZ •ı⁄U SŸÊÃ∑§ ÃÕÊ SŸÊÃ∑§ÙûÊ⁄U ∑§ ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ∞° ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËÅÊŸ ∑§Ë ÃËfl˝ ßë¿UÊ ⁄UÅÊÃ „Ò¥U– Á»§⁄U ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑§ ¬„U‹ ’ÃÊ øÈ∑§Ë „Í°U Á∑§ ¬Á‡ø◊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê »˝¥§ø „ÒU, ß‚ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ߟ ‚÷Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ √ÿfl‚ÊÁÿÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ $»˝¥§ø Á‚ÅÊÊŸ ∑§Ê ÷Ë •fl‚⁄U Á◊‹Ê– ¡’ fl •¬Ÿ ∑§Ê◊ ‚ ÁŸflÎûÊ „UÙÃ ÃÊ ‡ÊÊ◊ ∑§ ‚◊ÿ „U◊ ©Uã„¥U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ $»˝¥§ø Á‚ÅÊÊÃ Õ– •Ã— •Ê¬ ÿ„U •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ ‹ªÊ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U Á∑§ ¬Á‡ø◊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢‡ÊË ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁflÁœflà Á‡ÊˇÊáʬhÁà ∑§ •ÊÿÙ¡Ÿ ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U–

¬Á‡ø◊Ë •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÃÊ ‚ ‹ªÊfl ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ¬˝◊ ÃÙ SflÊ÷ÊÁfl∑§ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬̋◊ ÁŸS‚¢Œ„ U „UË •ÁflS◊⁄UáÊËÿ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÃÊ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ©UŸ∑§ •Ê∑§·¸áÊ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥Uó÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¡ËflŸ ‡ÊÒ‹Ë, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‹Ùª, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ fl‡Ê÷Í·Ê, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ù¡Ÿ, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ, Á„¢UŒË Á$»§À◊¥, Á„¢UŒË Á$»§À◊Ù¥ ∑§ •Á÷ŸÃÊ-•Á÷ŸòÊË, Á„¢UŒËªËÃ, Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒÍ-àÿÙ„UÊ⁄U– ߟ ‚÷Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á$»§À◊¥ •àÿ¢Ã ¬˝Á‚h „Ò¥U– ¡Ò‚ øÊ«U ◊¥ ∞∑§ ’¢ª‹ÊŒ‡ÊË √ÿfl‚ÊÿË ∑§Ê Á‚Ÿ◊ÊÉÊ⁄U „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ ¬˝ÁÃÁŒŸ ŒÙ Á„¢UŒË Á$»§À◊¥ Œ‡Êʸ߸ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– •Êßfl⁄UË ∑§ÙS≈U ∑§ ’Ê ÊÊ⁄U ∑§ ªÈ Ê⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ ∑§÷Ë-∑§÷Ë “•ÊflÊ⁄UÊ „Í°U ÿÊ ªÁŒ¸‡Ê ◊¥ „Í°U •Ê‚◊ÊŸ ∑§Ê ÃÊ⁄UÊ „Í°U” ÿ ªËà ‚ÈŸÊ߸ ÁŒÿÊ ∑§⁄UÃÊ ÕÊ •ı⁄U ‚ÊÕ„UË-‚ÊÕ ∑Ò§◊M§Ÿ ∑§Ë ªÁ‹ÿÙ¥ ◊¥ “¡Ë◊Ë ¡Ë◊Ë •Ê¡Ê •Ê¡Ê” ’„ÈUà ’Ê⁄U ‚ÈŸÊ߸ ¬«∏UÊ– ß‚Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ‚ •Á◊ÃÊ÷ ’ëøŸ, ‡ÊÊ„UL§ÅÊ $πÊŸ, ∞‡flÿ¸ ⁄UÊÿ ‚÷Ë ’„ÈUà ¬˝Á‚h „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝Áà ©UŸ∑§Ê ∑§Ê$»§Ë L§¤ÊÊŸ „ÒU– „U◊Ê⁄U ∑¥§º˝ ◊¥ ¡Ù ‹Ùª ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ, ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ÃÕÊ ÿÙª

∞‚ÊÁ‡Ê∞≈U ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U, Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊Ù∑§Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ holyswan108@yahoo.co.uk

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øÃÈÕ¸ ‚òÊ — ŒÁˇÊáÊ •◊⁄UË∑§Ê ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË



vw. ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË üÊË flË⁄U¡ÊŸ¢Œ •flÃÊ⁄U ““∞‚Ë ’ÊŸË ’ÊÁ‹∞, ◊Ÿ ∑§Ê •Ê¬Ê πÊÿ, •ÊÒ⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ‡ÊËË ∑§⁄¥U, •Ê¬„Í°U ‡ÊËË „UÊÿ–”” •Ê¡ „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ „U◊ ‚’ ’„ÈUà ªfl¸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ∑§„U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U, ©UŸ ¬Ífl¸¡Ê¥, ©UŸ •Ê¡Ê-•Ê¡Ë, ŸÊŸÊ-ŸÊŸË ‚ ‚ËπË Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚‚ ¡È«∏UË œ◊¸-‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê •Ê¡ Ã∑§ ¡ËÁflà ⁄UπÊ „ÒU, ÿÁŒ „U◊ ∑§„¥U Á∑§ „U◊ ©UŸ •Ê¡Ê-•Ê¡Ë ∑§Ë ‚¢ÃÊŸ „Ò¥U ÃÊ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ∑§Ã¸√Uÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UûÊ⁄UŒÊÁÿàfl ’ŸÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊ ÷Ê·Ê ÃÕÊ œ◊¸-‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê •ÊªÊ◊Ë ◊¥ ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà ⁄Uπ¥– ß‚ ‚◊ÿ •ÊΔUU ŒÍ⁄UŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U Œ‚ •Ê∑§Ê‡ÊflÊáÊË ∑§ ©UfÊ·∑§Ê¥ ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ÿÕÊ‚¢÷fl Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ø‹ÊÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ∑§„UŸ ∑§Ê ÃÊà¬ÿ¸ ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ •Ê¡ ÷Ë fl ‹Êª ◊ÊÒ¡ÍŒ „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ∑§ •¢Œ⁄U •÷Ë ÷Ë ÿ„U •Êª ‹ªË „ÒU Á∑§ •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ’øÊŸÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U •Êª ÃË‚⁄UË ¬Ë…∏UË Ã∑§ ¡‹ÃË ⁄U„UË •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄U„UªË, ÿ„U ‚Êø∑§⁄U Á∑§ „U◊ •¬Ÿ •Ê¡Ê-•Ê¡Ë ∑§Ë œ⁄UÊ„U⁄U, •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¡ËÁflà ⁄Uπ∑§⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊÊ Œ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° ◊Ò¥ L§∑§∑§⁄U ∞∑§ Áfl‡Ê· ’Êà •Ê¬ ∑§Ê ’ÃÊŸÊ øÊ„Í°UªÊ „U◊ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ∑§Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê œãÿflÊŒ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊ„U¥ª Á¡ã„UÊŸ¥  Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ÁŒÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U „U◊¥ ¬Íáʸ •Ê‡ÊÊ „ÒU, ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ ÷Ë ‚„UÿÊª Á◊‹ÃÊ ⁄U„UªÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~}w ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „ÈU߸– ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§ ÃàflÊflœÊŸ ◊¥ „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ ¬Ê°ø ‚ ¿U— ‚ÊÒ Á„¢UŒË ÁfllÊÕ˸ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹Ã „Ò¥U, ¬˝Õ◊Ê ‚ ∑§ÊÁflŒ Ã∑§– ÷Ê·Ê ⁄UàŸ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝’¢œ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚¢SÕÊ, flœÊ¸ mÊ⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬˝Õ◊Ê ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ©UûÊ◊Ê ∑§Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§ “◊¢¡Í·Ê” ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ, ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ªáÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢ÿÈÄà M§¬ ‚ ∑§Ë ªß¸ „ÒU– ∑§„UÃ „Ò¥Uó ◊⁄U ‚ËŸ ◊¥ Ÿ ‚„UË, Ã⁄U ‚ËŸ ◊¥ „UË ‚„UË– •Êª ∑§„UË¥ ÷Ë „UÊ, ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¡‹ŸË øÊÁ„U∞H ‹Á∑§Ÿ!

ª‹ ‚Ê‹, ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvz ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹Êª ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ vywflÊ° •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÁŒfl‚ „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„U ’„ÈUà œÍ◊-œÊ◊ ‚ ◊ŸÊ∞°ª– ∞∑§ ˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ©U‚ ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁà ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ‹ÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ¡’ z ¡ÍŸ, v}|x ∑§Ê yww ‹Êª ‹À‹Ê M§$π ŸÊ◊∑§ ¡„UÊ Ê ◊¥ ~Æ ÁŒŸ «ÍU’Ã-©UÃ⁄UÃ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊Ë ÉÊÊ≈U ¬„È°Uø, “y ¡ÍŸ ⁄UÊÁòÊ ∑§Ë ’‹Ê „ÒU”, ø„U⁄U ¬⁄U „UÃʇÊÊ, ‚ÊÕ-„UË-‚ÊÕ •Ê‡ÊÊ ÷Ë „ÒU, •Ê‡ÊÊ ß‚Á‹∞ Á∑§ „U◊ ¬„È°Uø üÊË ⁄UÊ◊ Œ‡Ê ¡„UÊ° ‚ÊŸ ∑§Ë ÕÊ‹Ë ◊¥ πÊŸ ∑§Ê Á◊‹ªÊ– „UÊÕ ◊¥ ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ, ’ª‹ ◊¥ ªΔUU«∏UË, ∑¢§ΔUU ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË, Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U •flœË– •Ê¡ fl„U ªΔUU«∏UË πÈ‹∑§⁄U •fl‡ÿ◊fl ’«∏U-’«∏U ÉÊ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥, ¬ŒÊ¥ ¬⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ™°§øË-™°§øË ß◊Ê⁄UÃÊ¥ ◊¥ ’Œ‹ ªß¸ ‹Á∑§Ÿ „UÊÕ ◊¥ ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ªËÃÊ ÖÿÊ¥-∑§Ë-àÿÊ¥ ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà „Ò¥U, „U◊Ê⁄U ÁŒ‹ ◊¥ •ÊÒ⁄U „U◊Ê⁄U „UÊÕÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë– ∑¢§ΔUU ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ©U‚Ë ‚◊ÿ ‚ •≈U∑§ ªß¸– ◊Ò¥, flË⁄U¡ÊŸ¢Œ •flÃÊ⁄U, ©Uã„UË¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË „Í°U Á¡‚∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU Ê’ÊŸË, Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ fl ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ⁄UàŸ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ê ÁfllÊÕ˸ „Í°U– ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ‚Ê©UÕ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ◊„UÊmˬ ◊¥ ÁSÕà ∞∑§ ’„ÈU¡ÊÃËÿ, ’„ÈU÷Êcÿ ∞fl¢ ’„ÈU‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ Œ‡Ê „ÒU– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê «Uø „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ‚⁄UŸÊ◊Ë, Á„¢UŒË, Á∑˝§ÿÊ‹Ë, øËŸË, ߢ«UÊŸÁ‡ÊÿÊ߸ •ÊÁŒ, ∑ȧ‹ Á◊‹Ê∑§⁄U wÆ ÷Ê·Ê∞° „Ò¥U ¡Ê ’Ê‹Ë ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∞∑§ ∞‚Ë ‚¢SÕÊ „ÒU ¡Ê z Á‚â’⁄U, v~|| ‚ √UÿflÁSÕà M§¬ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‹ªË „ÈU߸ „ÒU– ß‚‚ ¬„U‹ „U◊Ê⁄U ¬Ífl¸¡ Á¡ã„¥U ªÊ⁄U ‹Êª ‡Êø-’¢ŒË ¬˝ÕÊ ∑§ ÄUà ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ‹Ê∞ Õ, •¬Ÿ …¢Uª ‚, ÉÊ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥, ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ •ÊÁŒ SÕÊŸÊ¥ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊÃ Õ– ©UŸ ÁŒŸÊ¥ ŸÊÕÈ⁄UÊ◊ ∑§Ë ¬„U‹Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UË ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ‚ Á„¢UŒË Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË ÕË– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ •Ê∞ ’Ê’Í ◊„UÊÃ◊ Á‚¢„U Ÿ ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ’„ÈUà ’«∏UÊ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ, ‚’ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ¿Uà ∑§ ŸËø ∞∑§ÁòÊà ∑§⁄U, Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– ∑§’Ë⁄U ‚ÊÁ„U’ ∑§„UÃ „Ò¥U,

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¡„UÊ° ’„ÈU‚¢S∑ΧÁÃÿÊ° „Ò¥U, •¬ŸË-•¬ŸË •’ •ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ¬Ë…∏UË Ã∑§ ÿ„U •Êª ‚’‚ ¬„U‹ ©UŸ vwÆ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊SÿÊ∞° ÷Ë „UÊÃË „Ò¥U ¡Ò‚ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ÁSÕÁÃ, œË◊Ë „UÊ ªß¸ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U •’ ß‚ Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ◊ÊÁ‚∑§ flß ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ÃÊÁ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ¡ÊÁà ¬ˇÊ, •Ÿ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U Á¡‚‚ ÷Ê·Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ê ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ŒŸÊ ◊ÈÁ‡∑§‹ „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– •Ê¡ ∑§Ê ÿ„U ‹ª Á∑§ ¬…∏UŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ◊¥ L§∑§Êfl≈U •Ê ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ߟ ‚Ê⁄UË ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁà ŒπË ¡Ê∞ ÃÊ Á∑§ÃŸ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ Á◊‹ªË– •Ê¡ ∑§ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ÿȪ ◊¥ ÿÈflÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ Á∑§‚ Ã⁄U„U ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞, ÿ„U ‚ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚‚ ¡È«∏UË ‚⁄UŸÊ◊Ë ÉÊ≈U ∑§ ¬Ê‚ •fl‚⁄UÊ¥ (opportunities) ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ª¢÷Ë⁄U ¬˝‡Ÿ „ÒU ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Á◊ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ∑§◊Ë Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– fl Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ Á‹∞ ¡„UÊ° Ã∑§ ÷Ê·Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ê ¬˝‡Ÿ „ÒU, ∑ȧ¿U ∑§◊¸ΔU ‹Êª ‡ÊÊ◊ ∑§Ê ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ √Uÿfl‚Êÿ …Í°U…∏UÃ „Ò¥U– „U◊¥ ÿ„UÊ°, ÷Ê⁄Uà ∞∑§ ’„ÈUà ’«∏UË øÈŸÊÒÃË „ÒU– ¬˝Ê¢ªáÊ ◊¥ ÿÊ •¬ŸË ¿ÈU≈˜UÔ≈UË ∑§Ë ÁËʢ¡Á‹ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ‚$Åà ‚ ‚$Åà •⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Á◊ÿÊ, ‚ÊflœÊŸ! Á„¢UŒË Œ∑§⁄U ⁄UÁflflÊ⁄U ∑§Ê Á∑§‚Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ÊM§⁄Uà „ÒU ÄÿÊÁ¥ ∑§ „U◊¥ ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ •÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê „U◊Ê⁄UË ◊Ê° „ÒU, ◊ÊÃÎ÷ÍÁ◊, ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§Ë ¿Uà ∑§ ŸËø Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ø‹ÊÃ Ã∑§ ¡Ê ‚¢÷Ê‹∑§⁄U ⁄UπÊ „ÒU, •’ „UÊÕ ◊Ê°, ß‚∑§Ê ∑§Ê߸ Áfl∑§À¬ Ÿ„UË¥, Á¡‚ ÁŒŸ „Ò¥U– ∑ȧ¿U Œ⁄U Ã∑§ ‚ÊÁø∞, ÁŒŸ-÷⁄U ∑§Ê◊ ‚ ¿ÍU≈U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÿÊ ÃÊ ‹Ê¬⁄UflÊ„UË ‚ ÿÊ Á∑§‚Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ÿÊ ∑§Á„U∞ Õ∑§ÊŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ‚ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚‚ ¡È«∏UË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà „U◊ ‚ ‚’∑§Ê •Ê⁄UÊ◊ ∑§Ë ÊM§⁄Uà „UÊÃË „ÒU, ß‚∑§ ©U¬⁄Uʢà vwÆ Á„¢UŒË ‚ ¬˝◊ ⁄UπŸflÊ‹ •äÿʬ∑§-•äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¿UËŸ ‹Ë ¡Ê∞ªË Ã’ „U◊ ’„ÈUà ¬¿UÃÊ∞°ª– ““•’ ¬¿UÃÊ∞ „UÊà ÄÿÊ Á’ŸÊ flß ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒU ÃÊ! ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¡’ ÁøÁ«∏UÿÊ øȪ ªß¸ πÔ”, Ã’ „U◊ Ÿ ÉÊ⁄U ∑§ „UÊ¥ª Ÿ ÉÊÊ≈U ∑§– ÉÊ≈UŸ ∑§Ê ¬„U‹Ê ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „ÒU — ∑§ÁΔUUŸ ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á’ŸÊ flß ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ⁄UÊ¡ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ÃÕÊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ‚ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ Áø⁄U ‚¢’¢œ „ÒU Á¡‚‚ „U◊¥ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§, ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ¬˝Êåà „UÊÃË ¬…∏UÊŸÊ– ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ — Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§Ë ‚Êø Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‚ ∑§Ê߸ ⁄U„UÃË „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ¿UÊòÊflÎÁûÊ (scholarship) •ÊÒ⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ‚Ê‹Ê¥ √Uÿfl‚Êÿ ÿÊ ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹ÃË, ÃÊ ÄÿÊ¥ ¬…∏¥U! ß‚ Ã⁄U„U Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ‚ •äÿʬ∑§-•äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÊŸŒÿ ÁŒ∞ ¡Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬Á⁄U·Œ ◊¥ ÁŸÿÁ◊à M§¬ ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê, ∑§Ê ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ŒŸÊ ◊ÈÁ‡∑§‹ „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– •÷Ë Ã∑§ „U◊ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ∑§ ‹Êª ÷ÊÇÿ‡ÊÊ‹Ë „Ò¥U Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Á◊ŸÊ⁄U ÃÕÊ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ¬Í⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ÃÕÊ ∑Ò§⁄UÁ’ÿÊ߸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥, ∞∑§ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ◊Ë’, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ÿÊªŒÊŸ Œ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ∑§ ‹Êª •Ê÷Ê⁄UË „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U œãÿflÊŒ ÷Ë ŒÃ „Ò¥U– ÿÊªŒÊŸ ◊¥ ◊¥ „UË ¡ËÁflà „ÒU, ‹πŸ, ¬ÊΔUUŸ fl flÊøŸ ¡Ò‚ „U⁄U ∑§Ê҇ʋ ◊¥– ÿ„UÊ° ∑§Ë œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ ¡Ò‚ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡, ‚ŸÊß œ◊¸, ªÊÿòÊË ∑ȧ¿U •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Ê«∏U ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ÃÊ ◊È◊Á∑§Ÿ „ÒU ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ „U◊ Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ◊¥ ¬ÁflòÊ ª˝¢ÕÊ¥ ¡Ò‚ flŒ •ÊÁŒ ‡ÊÊSòÊ, ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ, ¬È⁄UÊáÊ, ªËÃÊ ©U‚‚ ¡È«∏UË ‚⁄UŸÊ◊Ë œ◊¸ ∞fl¢ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¡Ê •Ê¡ SÃ⁄U „ÒU, ©U‚ •÷Ë ¡ËÁflà „Ò¥U– œË⁄U-œË⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ßŸ ª˝¢ÕÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ÷Ë ’øÊ ¬Ê∞°ª– ‚’‚ ¬„U‹ ©UŸ vwÆ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÊÁ‚∑§ flß ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ∑§◊ „UÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ∑§⁄UË’Ÿ øÊ⁄U ‚Ê‹ ¬„U‹ ߟ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË ÕË, •Ê¡ ÿ„U ÷Ë ‚◊Êåà „UÊ ªß¸ „ÒU– „U⁄U∑§ Œ‡Ê ÃÊÁ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÿ„U ‹ª Á∑§ ¬…∏UŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË Á◊‹ªË– •Ê¡

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÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ v| „U ÊÊ⁄U Á∑§‹Ê◊Ë≈U⁄U ŒÍ⁄U ¬Á‡ø◊Ë ªÊ‹Êœ¸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ¿UÊ≈UÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà „ÒU, •÷Ë „U⁄UÊ-÷⁄UÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U œ«∏U∑§ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU, ©U‚∑§Ë •ÁS◊ÃÊ, ©U‚∑§Ë ¬„UøÊŸ ’øÊŸÊ „U◊ ‚’∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ „ÒU, ß‚Á‹∞ “•’ ŸÊ øÍ∑§Ê øÊÒ„UÊŸ”– ““¬ÈSÃ∑§ Áfl„UËŸ ÉÊ⁄U, Áπ«∏U∑§Ë ‚ Áfl„UËŸ ÷flŸ ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ‚◊Îh ÷Ê·Ê ‚ Áfl„UËŸ Œ‡Ê, ÃÊ⁄UÊ¥ ‚ Áfl„UËŸ ªªŸ ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU–””

∑§ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ÿȪ ◊¥ ÿÈflÊ ∑§ ¬Ê‚ •fl‚⁄UÊ¥ (opportunities) ∑§Ë ∑§◊Ë Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– fl Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ √Uÿfl‚Êÿ …Í°U…∏UÃ „Ò¥U– „U◊¥ ÿ„UÊ°, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ‚$Åà ‚ ‚$Åà ÊM§⁄Uà „ÒU ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ „U◊¥ ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ •÷Ë Ã∑§ ¡Ê ‚¢÷Ê‹∑§⁄U ⁄UπÊ „ÒU, •’ „UÊÕ ‚ ¿ÍU≈U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ¡ËflŸ $πà◊ „ÈU•Ê... ◊Ÿ ∑§Ë ◊Á‡ÊŸ⁄UË... »Í§‹ øÈŸŸ •Ê∞ Õ ’ʪ „UÿÊà ◊¥... »È§⁄U‚à ◊¥ Ãπ˜Ôà Ÿ Á‚◊⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê flπ˜Ôà ÁŸ∑§‹Ê...

Áfl÷ʪÊäÿˇÊ, πÊl ÁŸ⁄UˡÊáÊ ‚flÊ, SflÊSâÿ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ¬Ë.•Ê.’ÊÚÄ‚ vÆ{v ¬Ê⁄UÊ◊ÊÁ⁄U’Ê, ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ wirdjarita@sr.net

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vx. Survival of Hindi in the Caribbean, the Guyana Experience Ms. Varshnie Udho Singh

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retained their religions, cultures, family values and conviction to improve their lot. These qualities have remained intact up to now. The Hindi language continued to be the language of communication amongst the Indians for a long time to come. Many had the desire to return to their motherland after the period of indentureship was over but the sugar planters made it difficult to do so. Hindi language was taught in makeshift Mandirs and Logees during the early period of indentureship under the guidance of a knowledgeable person among the Indians. Later it shifted to bottom house schools (informal night schools under the common stilt type houses). My Ajee (Paternal Grandmother) had such a school under her house and was a teacher. It was not until 1876 when primary education was made compulsory that the Indians started to send their sons to school. Sadly the education of girls was never given priority by the parents or the authorities until the 1950’s. The school curriculum of the period leading up to the 1950’s included Hindi as a school subject and thus teachers were required to teach it. The Teacher’s Certificate examination at that time had Hindi as an optional subject. Hindi was vibrant until the late 60’s and 70’s. The present day situation is that Hindi education is left mainly to socio-cultural organizations like the Guyana Hindi Prachar Sabha, to take the initiative and responsibility. Hindi is no longer taught in schools apart from 4-5 in the whole country.

his year marked 176 years since the first Indian immigrants arrived on the shores of Guyana. To clear up any confusion, Guyana is the gateway to South America and the Caribbean located between my neighbours Suriname, Venezuela and above Brazil. That 2 out of the 9 conferences have been held in our region of South America and the Caribbean, we hope to convey the interest and enthusiasm our brothers and sisters have for this essential part of our heritage. In Guyana our forefathers came to the Caribbean with barely 3 things, their religions, languages and cultures; Hindi, Sanatan Dharma and love for family. It was a very strong foundation that saw them through the hard days of slavery at the hands of their colonial masters. It was a foundation that through carelessness we neglected to build on securely with concrete and steel, using instead mere straws. Indian immigration started in Guyana on 5 May, 1838 with Indians coming from all parts of India. They came to Guyana as indentured labourers which was a fancy word for slaves. Some came initially on a 5 year bond with a contractual arrangement for a return passage to India. Some were misled and some even kidnapped from the land of their birth. They travelled for many days by boat in abysmal conditions, many died and only the strongest survived. From different regions of India they were unified as ‘Jahajis’ by their common uncertain fate. They were mostly uneducated, spoke different languages, but they all had a variable understanding of Hindi. They

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their culture forced a mass In 1954, independent India The answer to this HiTech migration. Many of our Hindi gave us the gift of Hindi and world challenges are in the loving teachers migrated and Cultural teachers through the ICCR Ramayana. To be able to access Hindi suffered. Those who (Indian Council of Cultural the deeper meaning we need remained in Guyana had to give Relations). We were blessed to have Hindi. Our forefathers knew priority to survival under a teachers like dynamic freedom fighter Shri Dr. Kaka Sahib this and used this knowledge destructive dictatorship. Very few to produce teachers and students remained so Kalilkar, Babu Mahatam Singh, successfully then Shrimatee Amma Ratnamayee outstanding human beings by for over 2 generations, Hindi Devi Dixit who transformed the living what they read every day suffered further. Guyana Hindi Prachar Sabha cultural jungle in Guyana into a of their lives. They passed down beautiful landscaped garden of their knowledge to their remained and continued their children. We too wish to teach village to village activities Hindi and Culture. The Guyana Hindi Prachar our children to ensure the rich throughout this turbulent period Sabha was established by Shri legacy of knowledge continues and continues to fulfil their Mahatam Singh in 1954. Both he but we don’t know enough mandate to this present day; which my generation is fortunate to and his predecesssor Amma, along Hindi. enjoy. with my Ajee, father and a host of My Pitaji Beni Singh is 83 vibrant youths spread Hindi through teaching. They went village to village from one end of Guyana to the years young! And along with a few other Senior Hindi other; training unpaid voluntary teachers and Premi, I am the youngest, who have made Hindi their life’s work. Part of my life’s work is to help my Pitaji establishing Hindi classes. Students were prepared for overseas Hindi and his team to realize their dreams with securing Hindi and building the Guyana Hindi Prachar Sabha Examinations by Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha, Headquarter in Shantiniketan style to teach Hindi and Madras 17. Many students, including non-Indians, successfully wrote the Prathamik, Madhyama and true culture before their eyes close. Today the Guyana Hindi Prachar Sabha unpaid Rashtrabhasha examinations. Many assisted the propagation of Hindi in those days from 1954 to the volunteers go to every village to train teachers and establish Hindi classes. We provide books, charts, past early 1970’s. Political turmoil aimed at destroying Indians and exam papers, syllabus, we offer 5 levels of

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examinations every August; 1. Bal Bodh 1 2. Bal Bodh 2 3. Prarambha 4. Pravesh 5. Shabdavali (for nursery school children)

an excellent grasp of the meaning and language. Learning Hindi actually helps you with English grammatically and does not cause academic suffering in any way. Romanized pronunciation does not come close to the real Mccoy as we found out by trying to use it to help us when we forgot letters in the alphabet. We soon found out that the language used in the Ramayana was different to that used in movies and that people did not use that beautiful poetical language in ordinary conversation. One of our greatest regrets and disadvantages that I see now is that we did not practice speaking Hindi outside of Ramayana reading. This is a commonplace situation in Guyana and the Caribbean where people know to read and write but can’t speak the language to have an ordinary conversation The Hindi lessons provided at the Mandir level were based on Hindi text books such as Baitaal Pacheesee, Prem Sagar, Nathuram’s Pahli, Doosrie and Teeserie Pustak and Baal Shiksha. In addition excerpts from the Ramayana are used for normal and ethical lessons. These are expanded in Ramayana Kathas and at various yajnas. The present situation vis-à-vis Hindi Education: 1. At present, in Guyana amongst the majority of the population there is the misconception that there is no economic value to learning Hindi unless you wish to become a Pandit. India is a global economy and Hindi has as much value as a second language as Spanish, French,

Modern day society, culture and politicians have given Hindi a backseat in terms of priority. On one hand they say Hindi should be a world language but are not investing in teaching the diaspora who are begging to be taught, in particular Guyana. The answer to this HiTech world challenges are in the Ramayana. To be able to access the deeper meaning we need Hindi. Our forefathers knew this and used this knowledge successfully to produce outstanding human beings by living what they read every day of their lives. They passed down their knowledge to their children. We too wish to teach our children to ensure the rich legacy of knowledge continues but we don’t know enough Hindi. At birth we were given Hindi names, as young children we were taught Hindi by our grandparents or parents. We did not see the relevance too much at that time but it made them happy. Once we were older and more experienced we could appreciate the knowledge as there is much false interpretation of what our scriptures say. In my family we used to read the Tulsicrit Ramayana from cover to cover in pure Hindi. We had

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art of speaking Hindi and understanding the real essence of our scriptures. The Challenge is how to propagate Hindi in a NonHindi speaking environment? 1. In February 2014, we kept a meeting of sociocultural organizations in Guyana with the view to discussing the future of Hindi and passed 3 resolutions: (1) That Hindi be included on the national curriculum at all levels from Nursery to “University.” (2) That the Government of Guyana takes responsibility for the training of teachers (3) That the Government of Guyana ensures Hindi is offered as a CXC subject ( CXC is the Caribbean equivalent of “O’Levels.”) We circulated a letter to the society at large with a copy of the Resolutions and a questionnaire to see how they felt about Hindi and the Resolutions. Guyana is a land of 6 Races and all without exception gave a positive response. This made us consider the fact that for Hindi to be protected for the generations to follow we needed to appeal not only to our Indian brethren but to our entire Nation. This is essential for the success of our mission. We consulted a linguistic and Communications expert, Dr. Rovin Deodat who generously donated his time to help us create a professional approach to achieving National Desire For Hindi; using modern methods, multi and social “media,” he devised a 4-

German which are compulsory and surpasses those languages in terms of the spiritual and cultural benefit. 2. Many Hindi words are embedded in the local parlance. 3. Pujas are conducted using Hindi and Sanskrit invocations. 4. Parents continue to give their children Hindi names. 5. There is a love by our nation and region for Hindi films, soaps, especially religious ones. 6. Hindi songs are popular with our nation and region. 7. Hindi is spoken only by a few persons in our nation and region. Our Knowledge of Hindi in Guyana: We can read Hindi (a little), we can write Hindi (a little), we know a little about ‘swar’, we know a little ‘Vyanjan’, we know a little of ‘Matra’ or ‘Barah Khari’ (vowel signs), ‘Adha Akshar’ (1/2 letters), 2-4 letter words, simple present tense (vartman kaal), the AA, AY, EE rule, TA, TAY, TEE rule, simple present tense e.g. “Mai Hindi sikhtee hu”, simple past tense e.g. “Way Hindi sikhtay thay”, simple future tense e.g. “Hamaray baal bachay Hindi sikhengay”, imperative (Vidhi) e.g. “Tu ja – thou goest”, “Tum jaow – you go”, “Aap Jaeay – you please go”. We can recite prayers (Sandhya, Havan) and sing from memory (Ramayan, Hanuman Chalisa, Bhajans) in Hindi and Sanskrit but we have completely lost the

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We will also launch quizzes, essay, poetry competitions with prizes to keep Hindi in the hearts and minds of the nation. It may not sound like much at this stage but broad based consultation and understanding of our youth and nation has led us to the feeling that this is the way forward for us. Also in getting the nation’s attention and whetting their appetite for Hindi, we will need to train teachers to be able to keep more classes eventually in all 10 of our regions in “Guyana.” The law in Guyana provides that if there is a teacher who knows Hindi already and is teaching in any school, that school must provide and support in terms of the timetable for the teacher to keep Hindi classes. This is a bonus for us since all our volunteers work for free in their spare time, to have to pay for a venue would kill Hindi classes right there. It would be good to be able to offer a modest financial payment to help teachers with things like transportation costs, copying materials, books etc. In training teachers and inspiring the nation to embrace Hindi, we feel our Government will acknowledge our efforts and lend their much needed support. Recommendations: We are humbly requesting all the resources listed below by way of donation, template etc to help us on our mission. 1. There is a need for flexible English speaking

phased position paper and awareness activities into a time framed schedule. We have found that children attend Hindi classes when they are young and as they mature their parents stop them because they need to concentrate on the 1015 CXC subjects they seem compelled to have to write to be recognized for academic excellence. Hindi suffers. Our Muslim brethren ensure their a “children,” exams or not, attend Masjid and learn Urdu and/or Arabic, they are encouraged on religious grounds and it appears to work as the children have knowledge and visible grasp of their languages. In Guyana we need a holistic approach using all media, human and other resources available of which there are not much. We are working to create new and young and exciting Hindi lessons to be broadcast on TV, radio etc. 15 minute lessons covering from the alphabet to basic sentences with 10 minute Bol Chaal, which will be reproduced on radio and printed in newspapers etc. Like my sister from New Zealand said we wish to let youths know Hindi is cool or fashionable! Just like people tune into watching their favourite soaps, like Jodha-Akbar, Chotee Bahu, etc. the nation can tune-in to learning Hindi. We also have a school and community workshop campaign under way to show people the ease with which Hindi can be learnt to speak and to make them aware of the importance of Hindi.

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2.

3.

4.

5. 6.

teachers, who know and can teach Hindi to come to Guyana, etc. for at least a 3-4 year period and teach us to read, write and particularly speak Hindi. The G.H.P.S will do all the groundwork and make all the preparations for the teachers to function; accommodation, food, transportation, but we can’t afford to pay you. We need the latest and most effective and intensive scientific methods of teaching Hindi both spoken and written. There is a need to have a series of special graded textbooks for the Hindi language written for persons not necessarily familiar with the language, but want to learn it. We found useful Samuchee Hindi Shiksha books 1-4 by the late Shri Veda Mitra and Hindi Rachna 1&2 (Grammar). We know there are others we have not seen or heard of yet and are open to suggestions and donations. The creation of an International Fund provided by supporters of Hindi and Culture, to assist lovers of Hindi to purchase books, pay for teachers, provide learning aids/software etc so we can help ourselves and help others. The textbooks must attempt to integrate Nagri script and translation simultaneously. The textbooks must carry a key to pronunciation of Nagri script and translation simultaneously.

7. The use of abridgements of Indian classical and historical texts should form a significant component of the new textbooks. 8. Nursery picture books, junior and beyond Hindi dictionaries with pictures should be compiled to go along with the new text books. 9. Learn Hindi/ Bol Chaal, Audio cassettes, CD’s, DVD’s, YouTube lectures, Hindi teaching websites and Hindi Software etc should be made available free to all who wish to learn and teach Hindi and we are asking for these. 10. We also need our religious texts like the Ramcharitmanas, The Bhagvad Gita, Mahabharata, Vedas etc translated and made available to us, especially large print for the Seniors who love Hindi but can’t see small writing. 11. Guyana Hindi Prachar Sabha got a letter from the High Commission of India asking for recommendation of youths to go to India for 3 weeks for a culture immersion type experience, not a mention of Hindi was made which is a wasted opportunity. Our response was to please include Hindi in the cultural experience. 12. We need Hindi lessons and story books in Amar Chitra Katha style. 13. We would like to see Hindi Lessons and Classical/Religious/Historical Texts on CD, DVD made available free to those who wish to learn and teach.

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14. We badly want Hindi to be spoken by the diaspora particularly Guyana within 5 years and are planning the work schedule. In short the sweetness of Hindi has left our lives, we recognized this since Hindi teachers stopped coming to Guyana. Yet we have not been in slumber, we have been working tirelessly to keep Hindi alive. The Guyana Hindi Prachar Sabha has attended 5 out of the 9 conferences, the level is way above our head and we have learnt nothing. In attending this conference in Mauritius and connecting to genuine Hindi Premi, organizers Mauritius I feel for the first time I am in the right place with the right people and am confident our dreams for Hindi will be fulfiled. I only wish my Pitaji Beni was here, being amongst all of you would make tears well in his eyes and his heart swell with pride to learn of all the good work you are doing and keep his inferno of passion for Hindi burning brightly. The World Hindi Conference is aimed at advanced students and masters of Hindi, not beginners like us. If Hindi is to be a major world language, it will need to be taught worldwide. When learning a new language you will need to start from the beginning, the basics. Why not reflect this in the conference? We had asked that for the 10th and every Conference to follow, special teaching sessions be included for novices, in workshop format. Using

modern methods and techniques to teach beginners to read, write and speak Hindi. We have been calling for this recognition and inclusion in the World Hindi Conference for many years, at all levels and forum without success. If the World Hindi Conference is not the right forum, then let Mahatma Gandhi Institute, Mauritius take the lead and with the Government of India and the Government of Mauritius and the World Hindi Secretariat, let us continue with the International Conference as often as is economically viable and let us build on the expected concrete foundation we long to be created here. We are on bended knees with clasped hands and all humility, begging the Government of India & Mauritius and this conference to help us with the tools we need, so we can have Hindi as a spoken language in our lifetime. Hindi is not just a language to us, it’s our life, if Hindi dies, as Indians we die, if we die humanity will suffer. “bahut dhanyavaad! Jay Hind! Hindi maa ki jay ho!”

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wÆÆ|-wÆÆ} wÆÆ}-wÆÆ~ wÆÆ~-wÆvÆ wÆvÆ-wÆvv wÆvv-wÆvw wÆvw-wÆvx ´§ÁcÊ ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ‚¢SÕÊŸ Ÿ •÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á∑§‚Ë ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§Ê ÁflôÊÊÁ¬Ã Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¡ ´§Á· ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ‚¢SÕÊŸ •Ê¬Ÿ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË ∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á◊‹∑§⁄U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ÁŸáʸÿ ‹ øÈ∑§Ê „ÒU– •Ê¡ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬Í⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§ ‹ª÷ª ¬˝àÿ∑§ ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË ∞fl¢ ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U

xw wz vv wz wx w{

~ vw ~ vÆ vÆ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ‚Ÿ˜ v~{} ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ SflâòÊ „ÈU•Ê– Œ‡Ê ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸÃÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ ŸflÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§ SflåŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê∑§Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ’Ë«∏UÊ ©UΔU ÊÿÊ– ß‚◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚’‚ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ Áfl·ÿ ÕÊ– SflâòÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ‚¬Ÿ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ◊ÈÅÿ œÊ⁄UÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¡Ê«∏UŸÊ ÷Ë ÕÊ– ÁmÃËÿ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ÷Ê·áÊ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ

72


∞Ä≈U Ÿ¢. y~ ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆw ◊¥ ¬ÈŸ— ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈU•Ê– ß‚∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ÕÊó • ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ∑§Ê üÊhÊ¢¡Á‹ SflM§¬, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∞fl¢ ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ, Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ •äÿÿŸ „UÃÈ ∞∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§¥ º˝ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ– • Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ÃÕÊ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ– ß‚Ë ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ „UÃÈ ÷Ê·Ê, ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ, ∑§‹Ê, Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ, ‚¢ªËÃ, ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ˇÊòÊ •äÿÿŸ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ê ÁflSÃÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– •Ê¡ ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ◊¥ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬Ê°ø ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ S∑ͧ‹ •ÊÚfl ߢÁ«UÿŸ S≈U«UË Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° „Ò¥U Á„¢UŒË, ©UŒÍ¸, ÃÁ◊‹, Ã‹ÈªÈ ÃÕÊ ◊⁄UÊΔUUË– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ß‚ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬„È°UøŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. Ÿ ∞∑§ ‹¢’ ‚$»§⁄U ∑§Ê ¬Í⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË •Ê¡ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ Ã∑§ ¬„È°Uø ªß¸ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸., ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ¬Ë∞ø«UË Ã∑§ ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. Ÿ ÿ„UÊ° Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á∑§Ÿ ◊Ë‹ ∑§ ¬àÕ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ⁄UÊSÃ ¬⁄U •ÊŸflÊ‹Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¿UÊ«∏UÊ „ÒU •Êß∞ ©U‚ ‚◊¤ÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ∑§⁄¥U–

∑§ ¬˝Õ◊ ¬˝œÊŸ◊¢òÊË ‚⁄U Á‡Êfl‚ʪ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊ªÈ‹Ê◊ Ÿ ∑§„UÊ ÕÊ, ““◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚ „U◊Ê⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ê ŒSÃÊfl Ê „ÒU–”” ß‚Ë ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ¬„U‹ ‚òÊ ∑§ ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ ◊¥ «UÊÚ. œ◊¸flË⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃË Ÿ ∑§„UÊ ÕÊ, ““ß‚Ë Áfl⁄UÊ≈U Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ’Ë¡ fl„UË ªãŸ ∑§ πÃÊ¥ ∑§Ë ’ÒΔU∑§Ê∞° ÕË¥– ©UŸ ¬Ífl¸¡Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊Ò¥ ¬˝áÊÊ◊ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Í°U– •Ê¡ ‚ø◊Èø Á„¢UŒË ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ‚ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË Ã∑§ ¬„È°Uø ªß¸ „ÒU– •Ê¡ fl„U •¬ŸË •ÁS◊ÃÊ ∑§Ë ‹«∏UÊ߸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Áœ∑§ ‚‡ÊÄà „UÊ ªß¸ „ÒU–”” ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. Ÿ ß‚ ‹ˇÿ ∑§Ê ¬ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ‹¢’Ê ‚$»§⁄U Ãÿ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ‚¢SÕÊŸ ‚ ’Ë.∞., ∞◊.∞. ∑§Ë Á«Uª˝Ë ¬˝Êåà ¿UÊòÊ ¬Í⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ •Ê¡ •äÿʬŸ, ◊ËÁ«UÿÊ, ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U-flÊøŸ, •ŸÈflÊŒ∑§, ∞◊.’Ë.‚Ë., ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿÊ¥, ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿÊ¥, ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§-œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ¬ŒÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË ÃÕÊ ¬¢Á«UÃÊ¥ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ‚fl¸òÊ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¬˝œÊŸ◊¢òÊË üÊË◊ÃË ß¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ ªÊ¢œË ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ¬˝œÊŸ◊¢òÊË ‚⁄U Á‡Êfl‚ʪ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊ªÈ‹Ê◊ mÊ⁄UÊ x ¡ÍŸ, v~|Æ ∑§Ê ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ∑§Ë •ÊœÊ⁄UÁ‡Ê‹Ê ⁄UπË ªß¸– ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∞Ä≈U Ÿ¢. {y ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|Æ ◊¥ ’ŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|z ◊¥ ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊŸ Ÿ ∑§Êÿʸ⁄¢U÷ Á∑§ÿÊ ÃÕÊ ¬ÈŸ‚ȸœÊ⁄U ∑§ ‚ÊÕ fl·¸

∑§Êÿ¸÷Ê⁄U/ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞°

v~|z-v~|{ ŸË¥fl ∑§Ê fl·¸

©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ°

‚∑¥§«U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹ ∑§Ê ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ • S∑ͧ‹ •ÊÚfl êÿÍÁ Ê∑§ ∞¥«U •Ê≈¸U • ¬⁄UˡÊÊ Áfl÷ʪ • ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ • •äÿʬ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ • ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ • ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ • ÁŸ⁄UˡÊáÊ ÃÕÊ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U • •äÿʬŸ-∑§Êÿ¸ • ‚Á◊ŸÊ⁄U, ∑§Ê‚¸ ÃÕÊ Áfl‡Ê· ÷Ê·áÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ 73

¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê∞° ÃÕÊ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U (¬˝Êß◊⁄UË ÃÕÊ ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U)–

‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ÁŸflŒŸ ¬⁄U ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê∞° (Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ ©UŒÍ¸) HSC SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U “Á¬˝¢Á‚¬‹ Áfl·ÿ” ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ∑Ò¥§Á’˝¡ Á‚¢Á«U∑§≈U Ÿ SflË∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë¥–

©UûÊ◊Ê ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ (Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ)


‡ÊÁŸflÊ⁄U ÃÕÊ ∞∑§ •ãÿ ÁŒŸ ∑§ˇÊÊ∞°– • HSC

◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ ©UŒÍ¸ ‹ŸflÊ‹ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ŒŒ „UÃÈ ‡ÊÁŸflÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ‹ªÊßZ–

•¬˝Ò‹ v~|{

w}-xÆ •ªSÃ, v~|{

÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ‚ Á¬˝¢Á≈¢Uª ¬˝‚ Á◊‹Ê–

◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ÁflÃÊ (vw üÊcΔUU Á„¢UŒË ∑§ÁflÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ∞° ¿U¬Ë¥)–

$»§ÊÚ◊¸–,–– ∑§ Á‹∞ •ŸÈflÊŒ ¬⁄U ∞∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ¿U¬Ë, ‹π∑§ Õ üÊË ◊ȟˇfl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ–

◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‹ÉÊÈ ∑§ÕÊ ‚¢ª˝„U ÷Ë ¿U¬Ê–

¬ÊΔUU ÿÍÁŸ≈U ÃÕÊ “Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁflÁœ” ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U∑§ ÷¡ŸÊ–

©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ∑§Ë ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁŸ⁄UˡÊáÊ ∑§⁄U, ∞∑§ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ÷¡Ë ªß¸–

¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ÃÕÊ ‹πŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ–

⁄UøŸÊà◊∑§ ‹πŸ–

w ‚åÃÊ„U ∑§Ê ∑§Ê‚¸

w ‚åÃÊ„U ∑§Ê ∑§Ê‚¸

ŸÊ≈˜UÔÿ ‹πŸ–

“ߢ«Ućʟ ∑§Ê‚¸”

¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚∑§«U⁄UË •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞

Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ

•ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ÷Ê⁄U ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ Ÿ ‚¢÷Ê‹Ê–

v~||-|} flÊÁ·¸∑§ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U /Annual report 1977 (MGI) ‘By next year we are planning to enter the sphere of Tertiary Studies, with a degree course in music and we hope that this will lead on to courses in the humanities and the social sciences.’ —Dr. K. Hazareesingh (Director, MGI) 74


∑§Êÿ¸÷Ê⁄U/ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞° • •

©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ° •

‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|{ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ÿÕÊflÃÔ˜ ø‹ ⁄U„U Õ– “¬Ê≈¸U ≈UÊß◊” •äÿʬ∑§ ÷Ë Á‹∞ ª∞–

¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ’…∏UŸ ‹ªË Lower $»§ÊÚ◊¸ VI -15 Upper $»§ÊÚ◊¸ VI -20 P/T •äÿʬ∑§ -03 ©UûÊ◊Ê I -89 II -86 P/T •äÿʬŸ -09

vÆ Á‚â’⁄U ‚ v| •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, v~|| ◊¥ (MGI ∑§ ÁŸflŒŸ ¬⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ Œ‹ •ÊÿÊ)

Á„¢UŒË ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ

75

‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|z ‚ ø‹ŸflÊ‹ ‚÷Ë ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁŸ⁄UˡÊáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÃÕÊ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÷ÊflË ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞° ’ŸË¥–

•¬Ÿ ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§Ê SÃ⁄U Ã∑§ ‹ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞, ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ „UÃÈ ¬Ífl¸ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê‚¸ ø‹Ê∞ ¡Ê∞°–

¬˝fl‡Ê ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ê SÃ⁄U ’…∏UÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞–

üÊfláÊ ∑§Ê҇ʋ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞ (∑Ò§‚≈˜U‚ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª)–

◊ËÁ«UÿÊ (≈U‹ËÁfl¡Ÿ, ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ) ¬⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚¢’¢œË Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ’…∏U –

◊Êø¸ v~|} ‚ fl‚¢Ã ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ¿U¬Ÿ ‹ªË–

•äÿʬŸ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ (v~|}) ◊¥ wyyz ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ Ÿ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ◊¥ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ

“’ÒΔU ∑§Ê” •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ (v~|}) óxz Ÿ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ Á‹ÿÊ


v~|~-v~}v •’ flÊÁ·¸∑§ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U ∑§ Áfl·ÿ ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ “÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê •äÿÿŸ Áfl÷ʪ” ‚’‚ ™§¬⁄U •ÊŸ ‹ªÊ– •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ •

©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ°

ß‚ fl·¸ flÊÃʸ‹Ê¬ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ◊ÊÒÁπ∑§ flÊøŸ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ fl·¸ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê‚¸ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ–

∞∑§ ‹Êπ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‡ÊéŒ∑§Ê‡Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– Á„¢UŒË-»˝¥§ø-»˝¥§ø-Á„¢UŒË–

xÆ,ÆÆÆ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿ ◊¥ ÕË¥, Á¡Ÿ◊¥ zÆ% ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÕË¥–

(flÁ⁄UcΔUU ∞¡È∑§≈U⁄U „UÃÈ) } ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ Ÿ ∑§Ê‚¸ ¬Í⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ– (ÁflcÊÿ Áfl‡Ê·, ◊ÈÅÿ-‡ÊÊœ) ¬˝Ê¡Ä≈U, Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •èÿÊ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸-MGI ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸÷Ê⁄U ÕÊ)–

ŒÊ fl·¸ ∑§Ê ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U ∑§Ê‚¸ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ–

• P.G.C.E. (Post Graduate Certificate in

Education) ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ (MIE ÃÕÊ MGI) • ABC (Adult Beginner’s Course) • V.C. (Vacation course for CPE)

‚Ȭ⁄UflÊß Ê‚¸ „UÃÈ (◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, MIE ÃÕÊ MGI Ÿ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ÿ„U ∑§Ê‚¸ ø‹ÊÿÊ)

• DHT (Deputy Head Teacher’s course)

• ‚„UÊÿ∑§

v~}w-v~}{ ©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ°

•ãÿ ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ°

‚Ÿ˜Ô v~}{ ◊¥ Áfl÷ʪ (Department of Languages) ∑§ •äÿˇÊ üÊË ◊ȟˇfl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ ’Ÿ– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ߢøÊ¡¸ ’Ÿ üÊË ≈UË. ¬Ê¢«U– ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ •äÿˇÊóüÊË •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ–

Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ’…∏UŸ ‹ª Õ ß‚Á‹∞ Áfl÷ʪÊäÿˇÊ ÃÕÊ ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ߢøÊ¡¸ ’ŸÊ∞ ª∞–

¿UÊòÊ ‚¢ÅÿÊó ABC ∑§Ê‚¸ Á„¢UŒË PGCE ∑§Ê‚¸ Á„¢UŒË

‚Ÿ˜Ô v~}{ ◊¥ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ¡Ë Ÿ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ¬Í⁄UË ∑§⁄U ‹Ë ÕË– I, II zy (v~}z-}{) v| (v~}z-}{)

‚¬Ÿ Ÿ •Êª ∑§Ê ‚$»§⁄U Ãÿ ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ªÁà ¬∑§«∏UË–

v~}w ◊¥ üÊË Á’‚ÈŸŒÿÊ‹ ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ ’Ÿ–

76


‚Ÿ˜Ô v~}z-}{ ◊¥ ÃËŸ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ Ÿ PGCE Á∑§ÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ’ÊŒ ◊¥ MGI ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ flÁ⁄UcΔUU ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§ ¬Œ ‚ ‚flÊÁŸflÎûÊ „ÈU∞–

üÊË ∑§Ê. ⁄UÊ◊»§‹, «UÊÚ. ’Ë. ¡ªÊÁ‚¢„U, «UÊÚ. ∑§. ⁄UÉÊÈŸ¢ŒŸ–

“fl‚¢Ã” ∑§ Áfl‡Ê·Ê¢∑§ ÁŸ∑§‹ (Á„¢UŒË ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê)

◊Êø¸ v~}{, ’Ê‚ÈŒfl Á’‚ÈŸŒÿÊ‹ Áfl‡Ê·Ê¢∑§ ¡È‹Ê߸ v~}{, ⁄UflË¥º˝ŸÊÕ ≈ÒUªÊ⁄U Áfl‡Ê·Ê¢∑§

≈U‹ËÁfl ÊŸ ÃÕÊ ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝‚Ê⁄UáÊ

¬˝Êß◊⁄UË ∑§ Á‹∞ó⁄UÁ«UÿÊ ¬⁄U ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË ∑§ Á‹∞ó≈U‹ËÁfl ÊŸ ¬⁄U

“≈UËø⁄U ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ” (Á„¢UŒË) ∑§Ê‚¸ ‡ÊÈM§ „ÈU•Ê–

MIE/MGI ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚–

v~}|-v~}~ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ

•ãÿ ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ°

DHT (Deputy Head Teacher’s course)

ŒÊ ‚åÃÊ„U Ã∑§ ø‹Ê (¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§) MIE, MGI ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚–

‚Á◊ŸÊ⁄U, ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞°, ∑§Áfl ¡ÿ¢ÁÃÿÊ°

w| •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, v~}| (Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ‹πŸ ¬⁄U) ◊ÈÅÿ ‚¢ÿÊ¡∑§— ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ÁflÁ‡Êc≈U ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄U Õ–

‚∑¥§«U⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ (Á„¢UŒË, ©UŒÍ¸) ∑§ Á‹∞ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚Á◊ŸÊ⁄U „ÈU•Ê–

MES, MGI ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚

¡ÍŸ v~}~ówxz SÕÊŸËÿ ‹π∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚Á◊ŸÊ⁄U •¬˝Ò‹ v~}~ó¬˝◊ø¢Œ ¬⁄U ‚Á◊ŸÊ⁄U ABC ∑§Ê‚¸,

¿UÊòÊ ‚¢ÅÿÊ ABC –

v~}}-“Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ßŸ Á„¢UŒË S≈U«UË Ê ÃËŸ fl·¸ ∑§Ê P/T ∑§Ê‚¸

77

v~}} z{

v~}~ y}

wx

vy


v~}}-v~}~ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞°

©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ°

• ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ◊¥ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U, ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ¿U¬Ê߸ ÃÕÊ Áfl◊ÊøŸ

◊œÈ-ªÈ¢¡Ê⁄U-’˝¡¥º˝ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ÷ªÃ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ°

ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Ÿfl Á„¢UŒË ∑§Áfl (‚¢. •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ) B.A. Á„¢UŒË-$»˝¥§ø ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ

UOM ÃÕÊ MGI ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ ÿ„U Á«Uª˝Ë

∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË ∑§Ê fl·¸ ÕÊ– • ∑§fl‹ HSC ¬Ê‚ ¬˝Êßfl≈U S∑ͧ‹ ∑§ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞– • ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§ ßë¿ÈU∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞– • ¿UÊòÊ ¡Ê ’Ë.∞. ◊¥ ÷Ê·Ê ‹¥ª–

Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ∑§Ê ŸÿÊ ∑§Ê‚¸ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ S∑ͧ‹ •ÊÚ»§ ߢÁ«UÿŸ S≈U«UË Ê ’ŸÊ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~}~ ◊¥ • ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ “Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ∑§Ê‚¸” ∑§Ë ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ’ŸŸ ‹ªË, ¡Ê Á«Uª˝Ë ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§Ë ŸË¥fl ÕË– • ’Ê∑§Ë ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê‚¸ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ¬⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸ ÿÕÊflÃÔ˜ ø‹ ⁄U„U Õ–

◊Ë⁄UÊ’Ê߸, ¬˝◊ø¢Œ, ∑§’Ë⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‚Ë.«UË. ’ŸË– Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ÁŸ⁄U¢UÃ⁄U ’…∏U ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ– Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ „UÃÈ, Áfl÷ʪ mÊ⁄UÊ •ÊœÊ⁄U÷Íà ‡ÊéŒÊfl‹Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ªß¸–

v~~Æ-v~~v ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞° • ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ •ÊÚÁ$»§‚⁄U Õ ÃÕÊ ‚∑¥§«U⁄UË ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊ ⁄U„U Õ, ©Uëø •äÿÿŸ „UÃÈ (Á„¢UŒË) ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‚ ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷¡ ª∞–

©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ° • ∞◊.∞., ∞◊.Á»§‹ •ÕflÊ ¬Ë∞ø«UË SÃ⁄U Ã∑§

• ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~v ¬˝Õ◊ ’ÊsÔ ÁŸ⁄UˡÊ∑§ (’Ë.∞.

• «UÊÚ. ≈UË.∞Ÿ. ’Ê‹Ë

Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ •Ê∞)– • ’Ë.∞. Á„¢UŒË/$»˝¥§ø/•¢ª˝ ÊË/∑§Ê‚¸ ¡ÊÚߢ≈U M§¬ ◊¥ ‡ÊÈM§ „ÈU•Ê–

ÿ„U ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ ø‹ ⁄U„UË „ÒU–

• ◊ÍÀÿÊ¢∑§Ÿ ∑§ ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§ ÁŸ⁄UˡÊáÊ „UÃÈ ÷Ë ¬≈UŸÊ ‚ ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§

• v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, v~~v ‚ | ¡Ÿfl⁄UË, v~~w

•Ê∞ ÃÕÊ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ •Ÿ∑§ ‚òÊÊ¥ ◊¥ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ∑§Êÿ¸ Á∑§ÿÊ–

Ã∑§ «UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ◊fløŸ ⁄UÊÿ (¬≈UŸÊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ) • Feb 1991 – Durban Westville University

¬˝flÄÃÊ — üÊË◊ÃË ©U·Ê ŒflË ‡ÊÈÄ‹Ê

78


• vzÆ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ Ÿ ¬˝fl‡Ê Á‹ÿÊ– • Pilot basis Advance Level course French/English ◊¥ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– • “∞¡È∑§‡Ÿ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊” ¬⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄U

©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ÕÊó¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÃÎÃËÿ SÃ⁄U ∑§ ¬˝fl‡Ê ÿÊÇÿ ’ŸÊŸÊ– • “÷⁄Uà ‚◊ ÷Ê߸” (w •ªSÃ, v~~v)

‡ÊÈM§ „ÈU•Ê– • Á„¢UŒË ŸÊ≈U∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝SÃÈÁÃÿÊ° ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷

‹π∑§ ÃÕÊ ¬˝SÃÈÃ∑§ÃʸóüÊË •ŸÃ

v~~w-v~~x ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞°

©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ° •

“◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚” Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê¸ŸË MGI Ÿ ‹ªÊ߸

• ABC ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË •äÿʬŸ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, ©UûÊ◊Ê, HSC ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥

¿UÊòÊ ‚¢ÅÿÊ

∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, ¬Ë.¡Ë.‚Ë.߸. ÿ ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê‚¸ ÃÎÃËÿ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U Õ– • •’ ÃÎÃËÿ SÃ⁄U (Tertiary Education) ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ „ÈU߸ ÃÕÊ S∑ͧ‹ •ÊÚfl ߢÁ«UÿŸ S≈U«UË Ê ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ ÃÕÊ •ãÿ Áfl÷ʪ ∞fl¢ S∑ͧ‹ ÷Ë ∞∑§ Ÿ∞ ‡ÊË·¸∑§ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã •‹ª ‚ •¬ŸÊ-•¬ŸÊ ∑§Êÿ¸ ŒπŸ ‹ª– ∞∑§ ŸÿÊ “S≈˛U≈UÁ¡∑§ å‹ÊŸ” ’ŸÊ–

B.A. yr I B.A. yr II B.A. yr III PGCE Diploma Primary Teacher Certificate course (≈UË.‚Ë.¬Ë) Advance Certificate in Education in Hindi Studies 104

ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U v~~x, øÃÈÕ¸ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞°, ‚Á◊ŸÊ⁄U, ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Êÿ¸ ø‹Ã ⁄U„U– • ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê‚¸ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ÃÕÊ ¬ÈŸ— ‚ÈœÊ⁄U

∑§ ‚ÊÕ •Êª ’…∏UÃ ª∞– 1992 5 3 3 15 24 34

79

1993 12

1 3 16


v~~y-v~~z ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞° •

©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ°

’Ë.∞. ÃÕÊ •ãÿ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •’ ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝ÁflÁœ ¬⁄U Áfl‡Ê· äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊŸ ‹ªÊ–

ÿ ¬˝ÁflÁœÿÊ° ÕË¥ó • •äÿʬ∑§ ∑§ •Ê◊Ÿ-‚Ê◊Ÿ • ◊ËÁ«UÿÊ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà • Á«US∑§ ‹ÁŸZª ¬˝ÁflÁœ (ŒÍ⁄U-ŒÍ⁄U ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøŸ ∑§ Á‹∞) Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ Á„¢UŒË Áfl·ÿ ◊¥ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~z ◊¥ ¡Ê ’ÊsÔ ÁŸ⁄UˡÊ∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê∞ Õ, ©UŸ∑§ ÁŸŒ¸‡ÊŸ ◊¥ BA (HONS) Hindi ∑§Ê ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ Áfl÷ʪ Ÿ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ–

• ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ©Uëø Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚ÈÁflœÊ

¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U Õ–

• •ãÿ ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê‚¸ ø‹ ⁄U„U Õ ¬⁄U •’ MGI ÃÎÃËÿ SÃ⁄U (Tertiary Education) ¬⁄U ∑¥§Áº˝Ã „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ–

v~~z ◊¥ BA (Hons) Joint Hindi ‚ w ¿UÊòÊ ©UûÊËáʸ „ÈU∞–

• BA (Hons) Hindi, BA (Hons) Joint Hindi •ÊÒ⁄U P.G.C.E. Hindi, ߟ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ÃÕÊ

◊ÊÚ«˜UÔÿÈÀ‚ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë, ‚◊S≈U⁄U, ∑˝§Á«U≈U ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë, ÁŸ⁄¢UÃ⁄U ŒûÊ ∑§Êÿ¸ ÃÕÊ ¿U— ◊Ê„U ’ÊŒ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞°!

∞∑§ flª¸ ∑§Ê •Ê◊Ÿ-‚Ê◊Ÿ (Face to Face) ÃÕÊ ÁflÁ÷㟠◊Ê«U ‚ Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÕÊ ÃÕÊ ŒÍ‚⁄U flª¸ ∑§Ê Distance Education Material Œ∑§⁄U ©Uã„¥U ÃÎÃËÿ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ–

◊ÍÀÿÊ¢∑§Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊœÊ⁄U ◊ÊŸ∑§ ÕÊ– • MGI ∑§ ¬Ê‚ ‹ª÷ª ~ÆÆ ¿UÊòÊ Õó Meca Cognitive Balance Theory (Reinforce Theory) ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ŒÊ flª¸ ’Ÿ–

wÆÆÆ-wÆÆv ÿ„U fl·¸ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ’Ë¡ M§¬ ◊¥ Á∑§∞ ª∞ ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ê ¬˝ªÁÃ-fl·¸ ÕÊ– ÃÎÃËÿ SÃ⁄U (Tertiary) ◊¥ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ’…∏UŸ ‹ªË– Ÿ∞ ∑§Ê‚¸ ÁflôÊÊÁ¬Ã „ÈU∞– •’ ¬È⁄UÊŸ ø‹ ⁄U„U ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ M.A.Hindi ∑§ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ¬Í⁄UÊ „UÊ ªÿÊ–

80


∑§Ê‚¸

¿UÊòÊ ‚¢ÅÿÊ

B.A. (Hons) Hindi with Education (MGI + MIE)

Level I–38 Level II – 33

B.A (Hons) Joint B.A (Hons) Single

Level I Joint – 11 Level I Single – 33

¬˝Êß◊⁄UË •äÿʬ∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ

32

B.A (Hons) Hindi with Education

38

ÿÊ¡ŸÊ∞°

©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ°

B.A (Hons) Hindi I,II,III Joint/single

¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ¬⁄U ¬ÈŸÁfl¸øÊ⁄U (Review) „ÈU•Ê– ’ÊsÔ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ë Œπ-⁄Uπ ◊¥–

‡ÊÊœ ∑§Êÿ¸

PhD SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U (UOM ÃÕÊ MIE) 2000-2004

2004-2005

2007-2008

Subject

Level

B.A (Hons) Hindi Joint

I II III

11 10 12

09 11 -

8 09 11

B.A (Hons) Hindi Single

I II III

33 30 35

30 33 30

35 30 33

B.A (Hons) Hindi with Education

I

38

36

18

Diploma in Hindi Studies (Credit System ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄UÃ)

I

15

13

08

II

08

15

13

I II

20

16 20

12 16

M.A. Hindi

No. of Students

81


Courses

20092010

20102011

20112012

20132014

2014-2015

Diploma Year 1 (P/T)

-

9

-

-

-

Year 2 (P/T)

6

-

5

-

-

Year 3 (P/T)

-

6

-

05

-

BA(Hons) Hindi Year 1 (F/T)

28

26

29

31

39

Year 2 (F/T)

24

25

26

27

27

Year 3 (F/T)

23

24

25

29

28

BA(JOINT) Hindi Year 1 (F/T)

11

5

4

4

3

Year 2 (F/T)

-

11

5

3

2

Year 3 (F/T)

-

-

10

4

3

BA (HONS) Hindi Year 1 (P/T)

13

-

10

5

Year 2 (P/T)

12

13

-

10

MA Year 1 (P/T)

7

13

05

4

Year 2 (P/T)

-

7

13

05

PGCE Year 1 P/T,

26

14

14

6

4 (P/T-13),

F/T

(F/T-18)

Year 2

-

26

14

14

TDP Year 1

-

23

19

-

Year 2

41

-

23

19

ACE

29

29

70

-

DHT

-

21

-

-

82


ŸÿÊ ‚¬ŸÊ

•Ê÷Ê⁄U MGI Library www.mgirti.info www.openuniversity.mu www.uom.ac.mu ICGIC Library Indian Studies Registry (MGI) D.A.V. Degree College/ R.D.I.

•’ ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. •¬Ÿ ∑ȧ¿U ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ •ÕflÊ Á«US≈¥U‚ ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ∑§fl‹ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ Ã∑§ „UË Ÿ„UË¥, fl⁄UŸ •¬Ÿ •Ê‚-¬Ê‚ ∑§ ≈UʬȕÊ¥ (⁄UÊÁ«˛UÇ‚, ⁄UËÿÍÁŸÿŸ •ÊÁŒ) ÃÕÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê Ã∑§ ß‚∑§Ê ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ∞fl¢ ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ’ŸÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÿÊ¡ŸÊ’h ∑§Êÿ¸, ÷Ê⁄UË ’¡≈U, ¬Á⁄UüÊ◊ ÃÕÊ ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ ÁŸŒ¸‡ÊŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ÿ„U ‚¬ŸÊ ÷Ë ÿÕÊÕ¸ „UÊªÊ– ∞‚Ë „U◊ ‚÷Ë •∑§ÊŒÁ◊∑§ ‚ŒSÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Ê‡ÊÊ „ÒU–

•äÿˇÊÊ, Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ‚ÊÀ»§Á⁄UŸÊ ŸÊ.v, flÊÄflÊ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ alkadunputh@yahoo.co.in

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vz. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê «UÊÚ. ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊œÊ⁄UË

◊ÊÚ

’Ë¡Ê⁄UÊ¬áÊ „ÈU•Ê– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ¬ÈÁSÃ∑§Ê∞° ◊°ªflÊ∑§⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ê ÁflSÃÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~ww ◊¥ ¬¢Á«Uà •ÁŸL§h ‡Ê◊ʸ Ÿ ¬Ê≈¸U-‹È߸ ’Ê ÊÊ⁄U ◊¥ ∞∑§ ∑§ÊŸÊ ‹∑§⁄U “‚⁄USflÃË ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿ” (flø◊ÊŸ “„U⁄UË ’È∑§ ‡ÊÊÚ¬”) ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ß‚ ¬˝Õ◊ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿ ◊¥ ÷‹ „UË ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ ◊¥ œ◊¸, Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ, ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ÖÿÊÁ÷-ÁfllÊ ‚¢’¢œË ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ Á’∑§Ÿ ‹ªË¥, Á∑¢§ÃÈ ∑§Ê‹Ê¢Ã⁄U ◊¥ Sflÿ¢ ¬¢Á«Uà •ÁŸL§h ‡Ê◊ʸ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ üÊË ◊ÊÃË‹Ê‹ ’ŸÊ⁄U‚ˌʂ ∑§ “«UÊÿ◊¢«U ¬ÊÚ∑§≈U ’È∑§”, ◊È¢‡ÊË ¬˝◊ø¢Œ ∑§ “ªÊŒÊŸ” •ÊÒ⁄U “∑§◊¸÷ÍÁ◊” ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ‚⁄U‹ ’Ê‹¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ‹Ê∑§⁄U “‚⁄USflÃË ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿ” ◊¥ ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊŸ ‹ª– »§‹SflM§¬, Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ¬ÊΔU∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë L§Áø ’…∏UË, ‚ÊÁ„UàÿÁ‡ÊˇÊáÊ „UÃÈ ©U¬ÿÈÄà ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ¬˝Êåà „ÈU߸, ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§-⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë flÎÁûÊ ¡ÊªÎà „ÈU߸ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ŸÿÊ •ÊÿÊ◊ Á◊‹Ê– ÁmÃËÿ Áfl‡flÿÈh ◊¥ ’Ê‹-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê •÷Êfl ¬«∏UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ Ÿ ¬ÈŸ— ‡ÊÊœ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ‡ÊéŒ-‚¢¬ŒÊ ∞fl¢ ‚¢⁄UøŸÊà◊∑§ √ÿflSÕÊ ‚ ‡ÊéŒÊflÁ‹ÿÊ¥ ÃÕÊ flÊÄÿ-‚¢⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë πÊ¡ ∑§⁄U∑§ ŸflËŸ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ– «UÁfl«U „UÊÚ¬Á∑¢§‚ Ÿ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ∑§Ê “‡ÊÊœ∑§Ãʸ” ◊ÊŸÊ „ÒUó“A teacher is a researcher.” ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~xz ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà üÊË ‚Ê◊ŒûÊ ’πÊ⁄UË Ÿ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ¬⁄U ’ŸflÊ⁄UË‹Ê‹ ¬øÊÒ⁄UË ⁄UÁøà “Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê √ÿÊ∑§⁄UáÊ” ÃÕÊ ‡ÊÍ⁄U‡fl⁄U ¬ÊΔU∑§ ÁfllÊ‹¢∑§Ê⁄U Á‹Áπà “√ÿÊ∑§⁄UáÊ ◊ÿ¢∑§” •ÊÁŒ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬„U‹Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§Ë– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~y| ◊¥ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ß‹Ê„UÊ’ÊŒ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã “¬Á⁄Uøÿ” ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹ŸflÊ‹ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Áœª◊-‚ÈÁflœÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ◊°ªÊ߸ ªßZ “Á„¢UŒË ªl ∑§Ë ¬˝flÎÁûÊÿÊ°”, “Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ªÊÒ⁄Ufl ª˝¢Õ” •ÊÒ⁄U “Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ê ‚¢ÁˇÊåà ßÁÄUÊ‚” ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ ∑§⁄U∑§ “Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ¤ÊÊ°∑§Ë” Á‹πË, Á¡‚ “¬Á⁄Uøÿ” ∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ÁŸÁ„Uà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|} ◊¥ ß‚ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ∑§Ê ŸÿÊ

⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •Ê¬˝flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ •Ê⁄¢U÷ „ÈU•Ê– ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ’Ë¡Ê⁄UÊ¬áÊ ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ „ÈU•Ê ¡’ ¬Ífl¸¡ ⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚, ªËÃÊ, „UŸÈ◊ÊŸ-øÊ‹Ë‚Ê •ÊÁŒ œ◊¸ª˝¢ÕÊ¥ ‚ ©UŸ ÁflÁ‡Êc≈U ŒÊ„UÊ¥, øÊÒ¬ÊßÿÊ¥ ∞fl¢ ‡‹Ê∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë πÊ¡ ∑§⁄U∑§ ¬ΔUŸ ∑§⁄UÃ Õ, Á¡Ÿ‚ ÿ¢òÊáÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚„UŸ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÁÄà ¬˝Êåà „UÊ– •¢ª˝ ÊË ∑§ “Á⁄U‚ø¸” ‡ÊéŒ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË •ŸÈflÊŒ “‡ÊÊœ” „ÒU– “Á⁄U‚ø¸” ∑§Ê ÃÊà¬ÿ¸ „ÒUó¡Ê ¬„U‹ ‚ πÊ¡Ê ¡Ê øÈ∑§Ê „ÒU, ©U‚∑§Ë ¬ÈŸ— πÊ¡ ∑§⁄UŸÊ •ÕflÊ Áfl·ÿ ∑§Ë ¬˝Ê◊ÊÁáÊ∑§ÃÊ Á‚h ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’Ê⁄U-’Ê⁄U πÊ¡ ∑§⁄UŸÊ– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ “’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥” ◊¥ ¡’ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§Ê ‚◊ÿ •ÊÿÊ Ã’ Sfl⁄U, √ÿ¢¡Ÿ, ◊ÊòÊÊ ÃÕÊ ‚¢ÿÈÄÃÊˇÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ’Êœ ∑§⁄UÊŸ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà ©U¬‹éœ œ◊¸-ª˝¢ÕÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÈŸ— πÊ¡ ∑§Ë ªß¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ ‚⁄U‹ ‡ÊéŒ-‚◊Í„UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ÔœÎà ∑§⁄U∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊÿÊ ªÿÊ Á¡ã„¥U fl ‚„U¡ÃÊ ¬Ífl¸∑§ ∑¢§ΔUSÕ ∑§⁄U ‚∑¥§ •ÊÒ⁄U Á¡Ÿ∑§ ÁŸàÿ ¬ΔUŸ ‚ fl ‡ÊéŒÊÕ¸ ª˝„UáÊ ∑§⁄U ‚∑¥§ó ““©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ∑§ ÁfllÊÕ˸ •ˇÊ⁄U-’Êœ „UÊ ¡ÊŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ⁄UÊ◊‹Ë‹Ê, „UŸÈ◊ÊŸ-øÊ‹Ë‚Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ’ÊŒ ◊¥ ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊÀ„UÊ-™§Œ‹ ∑§Ê ‚Sfl⁄U ¬ÊΔU ∑§⁄UŸ ‹ª ¡ÊÃ Õ– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ߟ „USÃÁ‹Áπà ª˝¢ÕÊ¥ ∑§ ÁŸàÿ ¬ΔUŸ-¬ÊΔUŸ ‚ ©Uã„¥U ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê •Õ¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬¢ÁÄÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê •Ê‡Êÿ ’„ÈUà ‚¢ÉÊ·¸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ¬ÃÊ ø‹ÃÊ ÕÊ–”” ÿlÁ¬ ∑§. „U ÊÊ⁄UËÁ‚¢„U ∑§Ë ◊ÊãÿÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ¬˝Ê⁄¢UÁ÷∑§ ø⁄UáÊ ◊¥ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë •¬ˇÊÊ œ◊¸ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •Áœ∑§ „UÊÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U •¬Ÿ ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ŒSÃÊfl Ê “◊⁄UË Á„¢UŒË ÿÊòÊÊ” ◊¥ üÊË ‚Ê◊ŒûÊ ’πÊ⁄UË Ÿ Á‹πÊ „ÒUó ““‡ÊÊ◊ ∑§Ê ◊Ê¥ÃÊ߸ ‹Ê¥ª ∑§ Á‡ÊflÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ¬…∏UŸ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U ¬¢Á«Uà ŒËÁˇÊà ¬…∏UÊÃ Õ– ߟ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‚ •Áœ∑§ ◊ȤÊ ߟ∑§Ë ¬Í¡Ê ∑§Ë ÿÊŒ „ÒU–”” ÃÕÊÁ¬ ÿ„U ÁŸÁfl¸flÊŒ „ÒU Á∑§ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ©Ufl¸⁄U ÷ÍÁ◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ’Ë¡ ⁄UÊ¬Ê ªÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚Ë ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ÷Ë

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mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢¬ÊÁŒÃ “¬l-¬⁄Uʪ” ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚¢S∑§⁄UáÊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U üÊË ‚Ê◊ŒûÊ ’πÊ⁄UË Ÿ Á‹πÊó ““…U⁄U ‚Ê⁄UË ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ ŒπŸÊ ¬«∏UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U “¤ÊÊ°∑§Ë” ∑§ …UÊ°ø ∑§Ê ∑§Ë ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ ⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ÁflÁ‡Êc≈U •¢ªÊ¥ ∑§Ë πÊ¡ ∑§⁄U∑§ ’Œ‹ŸÊ ¬«∏UÊ– »§‹SflM§¬ ∞∑§ Ÿß¸ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ Á‹π «UÊ‹Ë Á¡‚∑§Ê «UÊ.Ú Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ Ÿ “¬l-¬⁄Uʪ” ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê •Ê¡ ÷Ë ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ‡ÊË·¸∑§ “Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ê ¬Á⁄Uøÿ” ⁄UπÊ–”” ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ •ª⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬ΔUŸ-¬ÊΔUŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ’Ë¡ •¢ª ’ŸÊ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– ÁŸêŸ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ „UÃÈ Á„¢UŒË ‹ªÊ ÃÊ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§Ë ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ß‚ ’Ë¡ ◊¥ ÷ÊÁ·∑§-√ÿflSÕÊ ∑§Ë πÊ¡ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ¬¢øÃòÊ •¢∑ȧ⁄U »Í§≈UÊ– ß‚ Ãâÿ ∑§Ê ¬ÈÁc≈U∑§⁄UáÊ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~zy ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê ¡’ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ““÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ SŸÊÃ∑§ ∑§Ë ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§Ã◊ ◊¥ ¬Íáʸ∑§ÊÁ‹∑§ Á„¢UŒË-•äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÁŸÿÈÁÄà ÃÕÊ SŸÊÃ∑§ÊûÊ⁄U SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ‚ÊœŸÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ë πÊ¡ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÃÊÁ∑§ Á„¢UŒË∑§ ¬‡øÊà Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ÈÁŸÿÊÁ¡Ã ‹πŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ø‹Ÿ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– •ŸÈ‡Ê¢‚ŸËÿ ôÊÊŸ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÿÈflÊ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ©Uëø Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ øÁ⁄UòÊ ∞fl¢ √ÿÁÄÃàfl ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê M§¬ ‚ ø‹Ÿ ‹ªÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Ê. ⁄UÊ◊¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê ∑§Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§Ë ªÈáÊflûÊÊ ∑§Ê ◊„Uàfl ÁŒÿÊ ‚∑§ ÃÕÊ ©Uã„¥U ŸflËŸ ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë ∑§Ê ’Êœ äÿÊŸ ©U‚ ‚◊ÿ ¬˝ÿÈÄà ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ -¬ÈSÃ∑§ “÷Ê⁄Uà ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU–”” ÷Ë ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§– ÁŸàÿ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ⁄UÊc≈˛U÷Ê·Ê ¬ÈSÃ∑§-◊Ê‹Ê” ÷ʪ ∞∑§ ‚ ¬⁄U ¬Í⁄U∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ◊Ê‹Ê ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ fl ¿U— ∑§Ë •¬ˇÊÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ¬Á⁄Ufl‡Ê ∑§Ê ÁŒÇŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ∑§⁄UÊŸflÊ‹Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ∑¥§Áº˝Ã ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ÁŸ⁄¢UÃ⁄U „UÊÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ– ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ” „ÈU•Ê– flÁ⁄UcΔU •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ ‡ÊÊœ∑§Êÿ¸ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ ¬˝ÿàŸ‡ÊË‹ ⁄U„UÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~x ‚ v~~{U Ã∑§ ∑˝§◊‡Ê— ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~z| ◊¥ “ŸflËŸ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU◊Ê‹Ê” ¬„U‹Ë ‚ ¿UΔUË Ã∑§ ∑§Ë $»§ÊÚ◊¸ ∞∑§ ‚ $»§ÊÚ◊¸ øÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvw ÃÕÊ wÆvy ◊¥ ¬ÈŸ— $»§ÊÚ◊¸ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ß‚ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ üÊË ¬˝±‹ÊŒ ⁄UÊ◊‡Ê⁄UáÊ øÊ⁄U ÃÕÊ $»§ÊÚ◊¸ ¬Ê°ø ∑§Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ß‚∑§Ê Öfl‹¢Ã ¬˝◊ÊáÊ „ÒU– ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸÃÊ ¬˝Êÿ— Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§ ∞fl¢ Á„¢UŒË ∑§„UÃ „Ò¥Uó ““ßŸ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚, ÷ͪÊ‹ ÃÕÊ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ fl Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ „UË ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– •ª⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ-flÎÁûÊ ¬˝’‹ Ÿ „UÊÃË ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ŒË ªß¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ŸflËŸ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ- •ÊÒ⁄U fl Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ÃÕÊ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-ÁflÁœ ◊¥ ŸflËŸÃÊ fl ÁŸπÊ⁄U ÁflÁœ •Õʸà ÃÊÃÊ-⁄U≈UŸ ‚ •ˇÊ⁄U-ôÊÊŸ Ÿ ∑§⁄UÊ∑§⁄U “‚åìŒË” mÊ⁄UÊ ‹ÊŸ ◊¥ ∑§Á≈U’h Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃ ÃÊ Ÿ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ fl ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚ „UÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÊ „UË Á„¢UŒË ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •ˇÊ⁄U-ôÊÊŸ ∑§⁄UÊŸ ∑§Ë ¬Á⁄U¬Ê≈UË ø‹Ë–”” ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¡’ ÷Ë ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿøÿʸ ◊¥ ŸflËŸ Á’¢ŒÈ•Ê¥ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøÃË– ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¥ SŸÊÃ∑§ ÃÕÊ SŸÊÃ∑§ÊûÊ⁄U SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¿UÊòÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ Ã’ Ÿ∞ Á‚⁄U ‚ πÊ¡ ∑§Ë ªß¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ŸflËŸ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹Ë Ÿß¸ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ √ÿflÁSÕà M§¬ ‚ ‡ÊÊœ-∑§Êÿ¸ ‚¢¬ãŸ ∑§⁄U∑§ ‹ÉÊÈ ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ¬˝SÃÈà ªÿÊ– ÿ„U o΢π‹Ê ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄U„UË– ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ” ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ ß‚Ë o΢π‹Ê ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ∑§«∏UË ‚ŸỖ v~|} ◊¥ «UÊÚ. ◊ȟˇfl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ ÁfllÊÕ˸ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ÁŸÿ◊ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§ ÃÎÃËÿ fl·¸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË

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÷Ê·Ê •ÕflÊ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ¬⁄U ªÈáÊÊà◊∑§ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§⁄U∑§ zÆÆÆ ‚ {ÆÆÆ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‹ÉÊÈ ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ Á‹πÃ „Ò¥U– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ” ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ’Ë.∞. (•ÊÚŸ ʸ) ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ ¿UÊòÊ }ÆÆÆ ‚ vwÆÆÆ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.∞. (Á„¢UŒË) ∑§ ÁfllÊÕ˸ vwÆÆÆ ‚ vzÆÆÆ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’œ¢ Á‹πÃ „ÒU¥– “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ” ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢SÕÊŸ” (MIE) ◊¥ ¬Ë.¡Ë.‚Ë.߸. (Á„¢UŒË) ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬¢¡Ë∑Χà ÁfllÊÕ˸ ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§ ÁmÃËÿ fl·¸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U Á∑˝§ÿÊà◊∑§ •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ ∑§⁄U∑§ |ÆÆÆ ‚ vÆÆÆÆ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‹ÉÊÈ ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ Á‹πÃ „Ò¥U– Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, ’Ë.∞., ∞◊.∞. •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ë.¡Ë.‚Ë.߸. ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á‹Áπà ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃÊ ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ßŸ∑§Ë ¬˝ÁÃÿÊ° ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ” •ÊÒ⁄U “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢SÕÊŸ” ∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‡ÊÊœÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvÆ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ •Ê◊¢ÁòÊà ÁflŒ‡ÊË ¬⁄UˡÊ∑§ ∑§Ë Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄Uó ““÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ SŸÊÃ∑§ ÃÕÊ SŸÊÃ∑§ÊûÊ⁄U SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ‹πŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ø‹Ÿ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– •ŸÈ‡Ê¢‚ŸËÿ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ©Uëø Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§Ë ªÈáÊflûÊÊ ∑§Ê ◊„Uàfl ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU–”” ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~z ‚ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∞◊.Á»§‹. / ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– •’ Ã∑§ ÁŸêŸ øÊ⁄U ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ Ÿ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë „ÒU Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ŒÊ ∑§ ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê∑§Ê⁄U ◊¥ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U— v. «UÊÚ. „U◊⁄UÊ¡ ‚¢ÈŒ⁄UóSflÊâòÿÊûÊ⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-∑§Ê√ÿ ∑§Ë ©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ° — ∞∑§ Áfl‡‹·áÊ, v~~} w. «UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ¡⁄UÊŸË ªÊÁ’ŸóSflÊâòÿÊûÊ⁄U Á„¢UŒË-∑§ÁflÃÊ ◊¥ ŸÊS≈UÁÀ¡ÿÊ-÷ÊflŸÊ, v~~~ (¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡ÊÃ) x. «UÊÚ. ÁflŸÊŒ’Ê‹Ê •L§áÊóflÊÀ◊ËÁ∑§ ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ ∞fl¢ ⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ◊¥ ŸÒÁÃ∑§-◊ÍÀÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÃÈ‹ŸÊà◊∑§ •äÿÿŸ

∞fl¢ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á„U¢ŒÍ-‚◊Ê¡ ¬⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ê ¬˝÷Êfl, wÆÆÆ (¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡ÊÃ) y. «UÊÚ. ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊œÊ⁄UËó◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ Á„¢UŒË ŸÊ≈˜UÔÿ-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ◊¥ •‚È⁄UˇÊÊ-÷Êfl, wÆvw ¬˝‡Ÿ ÿ„U ©UΔUÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~y ‚ wÆvw Ã∑§ •Õʸà •ΔUÊ⁄U„U fl·ÊZ ∑§Ë ŒËÉʸ ∑§Ê‹ÊflÁœ ◊¥ ◊ÊòÊ øÊ⁄U ÁfllÊÕ˸ „UË ÄÿÊ¥ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄U ¬Ê∞? ß‚∑§ ©UûÊ⁄U ◊¥ flø◊ÊŸ ¬˝ÁÃ∑ȧ‹ÊÁœ¬Áà fl ¬Á⁄U·Œ •äÿˇÊ ¬˝Ê. ‚ÈŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ¡ª‚⁄U ∑§Ê ∑§ÕŸ „ÒU— ““‡ÊÊœ ∑§ SÃ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ŸÃË¡ ‚ „UË Á∑§‚Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë ¬„UøÊŸ „UÊÃË „ÒU– ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •¬ŸÊ SÃ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ŸË ¬„UøÊŸ ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄UπŸÊ øÊ„UÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ËÁ‹∞ ’„ÈUà „UË ŸÊ¬-ÃÊÒ‹ ∑§⁄U ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ŒÃÊ „ÒU–”” ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆÆ ‚ wÆÆy Ã∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ∞◊.Á»§‹./ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬¢¡Ë∑Χà ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ ÁŸŒ¸‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊãÿÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ÃÊ Ÿ ŒŸ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∞∑§Êª˝ÃÊ ∞fl¢ ŒÎ…∏UÃÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ‡ÊÊœ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ê ÁflÁœflà •Êª Ÿ„UË¥ ’…∏UÊ ¬ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ∑ȧ¿U ¿UÊòÊ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ∑§Ê‹ÊflÁœ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ¡◊Ê Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË ∑§ ÁŸÿ◊ÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U “≈U⁄UÁ◊Ÿ≈U” ∑§⁄U ÁŒ∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U •ãÿ ‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸ ’Ê⁄U¢’Ê⁄U “∞Ä‚≈¥‡ÊŸ” ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ∑§ ‹πŸ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ê ‹¢’ ‚◊ÿ Ã∑§ πË¥øÃ „Ò¥U– ‡ÊÊœ-flÎÁûÊ ÃÕÊ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ‚◊¬¸áÊ÷Êfl ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Á‚à ∑§⁄UŸ ‚ „UË ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê flÊ¢Á¿Uà ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „UÊ ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU– Á¬¿U‹ •ÊΔU fl·ÊZ ◊¥ (wÆÆ{U-wÆvy) ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬¢¡Ë∑Χà „UÊŸflÊ‹ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ Ÿªáÿ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ •Ÿ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „Ò¥Uó¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÊœ-ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ∑§Ê ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë œË◊Ë ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ, ‡ÊÊœ-∑§Ê‹ •ÊÒ⁄U ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ∑§ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¢∑§Ÿ-∑§Ê‹ ∑§Ë ŒËÉʸÃÊ ÃÕÊ ∞◊.Á»§‹./¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UË ‡ÊÈÀ∑§– ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ∑§Ê ¡◊Ê ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ∑§◊ ‚ ∑§◊ ¬Ê°ø ‚Ê‹ ÃÕÊ ©U‚∑§Ê ◊ÍÀÿÊ¢∑§Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ŒÊ ‚Ê‹ ‹ª ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ∑ȧ‹ Á◊‹Ê∑§⁄U ‚Êà ‚Ê‹ ’ÊŒ „UË 86


‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄U ¬ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ∞◊.Á»§‹./¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ê‚¸-∑§Ê‹ ÃÕÊ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¢∑§Ÿ-¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ-∑§Ê‹ ∑§Ê ÉÊ≈UÊŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– “≈U‡Ê¸⁄UË ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ ∑§Á◊‡ÊŸ” ∞fl¢ “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Á⁄U‚ø¸ ∑§Ê©¢UÁ‚‹” mÊ⁄UÊ •Áœ∑§ ‡ÊÊœÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¿UÊòÊflÎÁûÊ ∑§Ë ©U¬‹Áéœ ∑§⁄UÊ߸ ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U ÁŸ‡øÿ „UË ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ ©UëøÃ◊ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|x ‚ wÆvy ∑§ ’Ëø ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ÁŒÀ‹Ë, •Êª⁄UÊ, ’ŸÊ⁄U‚, ©UÖ¡ÒŸ •ÊÁŒ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ‚ ‚Ê‹„U ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ Ÿ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë– ߟ◊¥ øÊ⁄U ‡ÊÊœÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥Uó v. «UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ◊‡fl⁄U •Ê⁄UËó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ‹Ê∑§-ªËÃ, v~|x w. «UÊÚ. ◊Ê„UŸ‹Ê‹ „U⁄UŒÿÊ‹ó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§Ê ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ, v~}Æ x. «UÊÚ. ’Ë⁄U‚Ÿ ¡ªÊÁ‚¢„UóÁ„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ, v~}x y. «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ‹Ê∑§‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∞fl¢ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ, v~~v (¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡ÊÃ) z. «UÊ.Ú •‹∑§Ê œŸ¬Ãó¿UÊÿÊflÊŒÊûÊ⁄U Á„¢UŒË-∑§Ê√ÿ ◊¥ ¬ÊÒ⁄UÊÁáÊ∑§ ∑§ÕÊ∞° ÃÕÊ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ÃÊ, v~~w {. «UÊÚ. ‚¢ÿÈÄÃÊ ÷ÊflŸó•¢Ã— ‚¢ÉÊ·¸ ∑§Ê ÿÕÊÕ¸ ∞fl¢ ÁŸ⁄UÊ‹Ê ∑§Ë ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¡¸ŸÊ, v~~|U (¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡ÊÃ) |. «UÊÚ. ◊ȟˇfl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ $»§ÊÚ◊¸-∞∑§ ‚ $»§ÊÚ◊¸-¬Ê°ø ∑§Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ -¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, v~~| }. «UÊÚ. ΔUÊ∑ȧ⁄UŒûÊ ¬Ê¢«Uó÷Ê·Ê-ÁflôÊÊŸ Áfl·ÿ∑§ ‡ÊÊœ-∑§Êÿ¸, v~~|U ~. «UÊÚ. Œfl⁄UàŸ Á‚⁄Ußó•Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ ∑§ ©U¬ãÿÊ‚Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒËûÊ⁄U ÷ÊÁ·∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª, v~~~

vÆ. «UÊÚ. ⁄U‡Ê◊Ë ⁄UÊ◊œŸËó‚◊∑§Ê‹ËŸ Á„¢UŒË ‹Áπ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ¥ ◊¥ •Á÷√ÿÄà ’„ÈU•ÊÿÊ◊Ë Áflº˝Ê„U, wÆÆv(¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡ÊÃ) vv. «UÊÚ. ‚È⁄UËÁà ⁄UÉÊÈŸ¢ŒŸóÁfl⁄¥Uº˝ Á◊üÊ ∑§ ∑§Ê√ÿ ◊¥ ÿȪ˟ ‚¢Œ÷¸, wÆÆv vw. «UÊÚ. ∑ΧcáÊ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ¤ÊÊó◊ÊÚÁ⁄U‡Ê‚ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§ÕÊ-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿó ∞∑§ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ •äÿÿŸ, wÆÆy (¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡ÊÃ) vx. «UÊÚ. ‹Ê‹Œfl •¢ø⁄UÊ¡ó÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛U∑§Áfl ◊ÒÁՋˇÊ⁄UáÊ ªÈåà ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛U∑§Áfl «UÊÚ. ’˝¡¥º˝ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ÷ªÃ “◊œÈ∑§⁄U” ∑§ ∑§Ê√ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÃÈ‹ŸÊà◊∑§ •äÿÿŸ, wÆÆy vy. «UÊÚ. ¡ÿø¢Œ ‹Ê‹Á’„UÊ⁄UËó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹ ∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê òÊÈÁ≈U-Áfl‡‹·áÊ, wÆÆy vz. «UÊÚ. ÃŸÈ¡Ê ¬ŒÊ⁄UÕó∑ΧcáÊÊ ‚Ê’ÃË ∑§ •¢ª˝ ÊË ◊¥ •ŸÍÁŒÃ Á„¢UŒË-©U¬ãÿÊ‚Ê¥ ∑§Ë •ŸÈflÊŒ-¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¢∑§Ÿ, wÆvv v{. «UÊÚ. ‹ˇ◊Ë ¤Ê◊Ÿó◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‹πŸ ◊¥ SòÊË-Áfl◊‡Ê¸, wÆvx ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê “≈U‡Ê¸⁄UË ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ ∑§Á◊‡ÊŸ” (TEC) ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝’¢œ ∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ „UÃÈ “’È∑§ ª˝Ê¢≈U” ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Á’⁄U‹Ê „UË ∑§Ê߸ ‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸ ß‚‚ ‹Ê÷ÊÁãflà „UÊ ¬ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ “ª˝Ê¢≈U S∑§Ë◊” ◊¥ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ‹ÊŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á¬¿U‹ øÊ⁄U ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ “•Ê¬Ÿ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË” Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë Ÿß¸ ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞° ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ß‚ ‚◊ÿ ¬Ê°ø ÁfllÊÕ˸ “•Ê¬Ÿ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË” ‚ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§Ê ¤ÊÈ∑§Êfl •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê× ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ∞fl¢ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ‚ ¡È«∏U Áfl·ÿÊ¥ ¬⁄U ‡ÊÊœ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U „ÒUó v. ◊Ê„UÊ’Ë⁄U ‡ÊÊ¢ÁÃó•Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬òÊ-¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ◊¥ ÿÊªŒÊŸ w. ©UŒÿ ⁄UÊ¡‡Ê ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄Uó«UÊÚ. ’Ë⁄U‚Ÿ ¡ªÊÁ‚¢„U ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ 87


‚Áê◊Á‹Ã ‡ÊÊœ-∑§Êÿ¸ (collaborative research) Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§ ’⁄UÊ’⁄U „ÒU– •ŸÈ‚œ¢ ÊŸ∑§Ãʸ•Ê¥ ÃÕÊ Œ‡Ê-ÁflŒ‡Ê ∑§Ë ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã ‡ÊÊœ (inter-institutional research) mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ ‡Ê· „ÒU–

◊¥ Áflº˝Ê„U-∞∑§ ‚◊ˡÊÊà◊∑§ •äÿÿŸ x. ÷ÊªË⁄UÕ fl·Ê¸ó◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ∑§Áfl «UÊÚ. „U◊⁄UÊ¡ ‚È¢Œ⁄U ∑§Ë ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ ⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Áflº˝Ê„U ∑§ Ãàfl y. ‡ÊÁ‡Ê ŒÈπŸó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ÁŸ’¢œÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ •äÿÿŸ z. Áª⁄U¡ÊŸ¢ŒÁ‚¢„U Á’‚‚⁄Uó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ‹Ê∑§∑§ÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÎflÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§ •äÿÿŸ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê Áfl¬È‹ Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‡ÊÊœ∑§Ãʸ•Ê¥ ◊¥ L§Áø ¡ÊªÎà ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ‚ˇÊ◊ „ÒU– •Ê¬Ÿ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ-¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ √ÿflÁSÕà M§¬ ‚ ‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸ ‚¢ÃÈc≈U „ÒU ¬⁄¢UÃÈ fl„UÊ° ÷Ë ∑§Ê‚¸-$»§Ë ∞∑§ ¡Á≈U‹ ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ „ÒU– ‡ÊÊœ ∑§ Ÿ∞ ÁˇÊÁáÊ¥ ∑§Ë Ã‹Ê‡Ê ¡Ê⁄UË „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ê ¬˝◊ÊáÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ “¬ÊS≈U-«UÊÚÄ≈UÊ⁄U‹” ‡ÊÊœ-∑§Êÿ¸ „ÒU– ∞∑§ ‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸, •Êª⁄UÊ ∑§ «UÊÚ. •¢’«U∑§⁄U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ «UË.Á‹≈U. ∑§⁄U øÈ∑§Ê „ÒU v. «UÊÚ. „U◊⁄UÊ¡ ‚È¢Œ⁄Uó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ê ¬˝flÎÁûʬ⁄U∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚, «UÊÚ. •¢’«U∑§⁄U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, •Êª⁄UÊ, wÆÆ~ •ãÿ ‡ÊÊœ∑§Ãʸ ÷Ë “¬ÊS≈U-«UÊÚÄ≈UÊ⁄U‹” •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ’…∏U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ UGC-TEC consortium agreement ∑§ ÄUà •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ∑§Ãʸ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ÁflûÊËÿ ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞° ÷Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ “¬ÊS≈U-«UÊÚÄ≈UÊ⁄U‹” ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊflœÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ Á∑§‚Ë ‡ÊÊœÊÕ˸ Ÿ ∑§Œ◊ Ÿ„UË¥ ©UΔUÊÿÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ê •„U◊ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê Ÿ‡ÊŸ‹ ÄflÊÁ‹Á$»§∑§‡Ê¢‚ $»˝§◊fl∑¸§ (NQF) Œ‚fl¥ SÃ⁄U Ã∑§ •Õʸà ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§ SÃ⁄U Ã∑§ L§∑§Ê „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– ¬ÊS≈U-«UÊÚÄ≈UÊ⁄U‹ ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§ ¬˝◊ÊáÊ ∑§Ë ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ “⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÄflÊÁ‹Á$»§∑§‡Ê¢‚ $»˝§◊fl∑¸§” ◊¥ ¬Á⁄Uflh¸Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ-∑§Êÿ¸ ÁflÁ÷㟠SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Á»§⁄U ÷Ë ‡ÊÊœ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ∑§Á◊ÿÊ° „Ò¥U– ‡ÊÊœÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∞fl¢ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê

‚¢Œ÷¸ — v. ∑§. „U ÊÊ⁄UËÁ‚¢„U, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ßÁÄUÊ‚, ¬Î. {z, v~vy, “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ S≈U‡ÊŸ⁄UË ∞¢«U Á¬˝¢Á≈¢Uª ∞S≈UÁ鋇Ê◊¥≈U” w. ¬¢Á«Uà ⁄UÁfl‡Ê¢∑§⁄U ∑§ÊÒ‹‡Ê⁄U, fl‚¢Ã •¢∑§ yw, ¬Î. vv, v~}|U, “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ”, ◊Ê∑§Ê x. ‚Ê◊ŒûÊ ’πÊ⁄UË, fl‚¢Ã •¢∑§ yw, ¬Î. vw, v~}|U, “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ”, ◊Ê∑§Ê y. David Hopkins, ‘A teacher’s guide to classroom research’, pg 2, 1985, Open University Press, Buckingham, Philadelphia

z. ‚Ê◊ŒûÊ ’πÊ⁄UË, fl‚¢Ã •¢∑§ xv, ¬Î. v{U, Dec. v~}z, “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ”, ◊Ê∑§Ê {. ¬˝tUÔ ÊŒ ⁄UÊ◊‡Ê⁄UáÊ, “∞∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë •ÊSÕÊ”, ¬Î. zÆ, v~~|U, •Êà◊Ê⁄UÊ◊ ∞¢«U ‚¢‚, ÁŒÀ‹Ë |. ◊ȟˇfl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ, Á„¢UŒË ¬l-¬⁄Uʪ, ŒÊ ‡ÊéŒ, v~|} }. Examiner’s Report, pg 2, 2010, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

~. ¬˝Ê. ‚ÈŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ¡ª‚⁄U, ‚Ë.∞‚.∑§., ¡Ë.•Ê.∞‚.∑§., ‚ÊˇÊÊà∑§Ê⁄U, Á‚â’⁄U wÆvy •äÿˇÊÊ, ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ ‹πŸ ∞fl¢ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊Ê∑§Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ madhuri.ramdharee@yahoo.com

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v{. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ÃÕÊ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê üÊË œŸ¬Ê‹ ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ ¬˝SÃÊflŸÊ

ΔU„U⁄UÊfl ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ •¬ŸÊ ‚◊ÿ ÊÊÿÊ Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ÕÊ– ÉÊÍ◊ÉÊÍ◊∑§⁄U ÁSÕÁà ∑§Ê ¡Êÿ ÊÊ Á‹ÿÊ ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„U‹ ÿ„UÊ° ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ŒÊ ‚‹Ê„¥U ŒË¥ó v. •¬Ÿ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ∑§ËÁ¡∞– w. ©Uã„¥U ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁà ◊¥ •ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝Á⁄Uà ∑§ËÁ¡∞– v~Æv Ÿfl¢’⁄U ∑§ ª∞ ∑§⁄U◊ø¢Œ ªÊ¢œË Ÿ ߢNjҥ«U ‚ Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ’«∏UÊÒŒÊ ∑§ ÿÈflÊ ’ÒÁ⁄US≈U⁄U ◊ªŸ‹Ê‹ ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U ∑§Ê ÿ„UÊ° ÷¡Ê– ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ ߢNjҥ«U ◊¥ „UË ªÊ¢œË ¡Ë ‚ Á◊‹ Õ– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‹ÊÒ≈UÃ ‚◊ÿ fl $»˝§Ê¢‚ ÷Ë „UÊ •Ê∞ Õ ¡„UÊ° ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ $»˝§Ê¢‚Ë‚Ë ÷Ê·Ê ‚ËπË, ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ •ÊÒ¬ÁŸflÁ‡Ê∑§ ÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U $»˝¥§ø ªÊ⁄U Õ •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„UË¥ ‚ ≈UÄ∑§⁄U ‹ŸÊ ÕÊ– fl v~Æ|U ◊¥ ÿ„UÊ°, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ¬„È°Uø– ©UŸ∑§Ê Á◊‡ÊŸ ÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ⁄U„U ⁄U„U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ŒÿŸËÿ ÁSÕÁà ∑§Ê ‚ÈœÊ⁄UŸ ◊¥ ◊ŒŒ ∑§⁄UŸÊ– ÿ„UÊ° ∑§ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ¬ˇÊ ◊¥ ‹«∏UŸÊ, ‚¢ÉÊ·¸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ, ¬Ò⁄UflË ∑§⁄UŸÊ •ÊÁŒ– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ v~Æ~ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ◊Ⱥ˝áÊ ◊‡ÊËŸ ◊°ªflÊ߸ •ÊÒ⁄U “Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË” •$π’Ê⁄U ÁŸ∑§Ê‹ŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ– fl„U ¿U¬ÃÊ ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃË-•¢ª˝ ÊË ◊¥ ÕÊ ¬⁄U ’ÊŒ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-•¢ª˝ ÊË ◊¥ ¿U¬Ÿ ‹ªÊ ÕÊ– “Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË” „UË fl„U ¬òÊ ÕÊ ¡„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬„U‹Ê ¿U¬Ê M§¬ ß‚ ’¢¡⁄U Ê◊ËŸ ¬⁄U ŒπŸ ∑§Ê Á◊‹Ê– ß‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ê ¬„U‹Ê Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ÷Ë “„UÊ‹Ë” ∑§ÁflÃÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ Ã⁄U„U ‚ ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ◊Ⱥ˝áÊ, ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬òÊ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÃÊ ∑§ ¡Ÿ∑§ „UÊ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U–

‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‡ÊÊœ Ã÷Ë ‚¢÷fl „ÒU, ¡’ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ „UÊ! ¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê ∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ „UÊ! ◊Ⱥ˝áÊ ◊‡ÊËŸ „UÊ! v}xy-v~wÆ Ã∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê∞ ÿÊ ‹Ê∞ ª∞– ©Uã„UË¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË fl Á„¢UŒË ÿ„UÊ° ¬„È°UøË ÕË ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ‚¢ÅÿÊ Á’„UÊ⁄U ‚ ÕË, ◊äÿ ¬˝Œ‡Ê ‚ ÕË! fl ∑ȧ¿U Á‹Áπà fl „USÃÁ‹Áπà œ◊¸ ª˝¢Õ •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ ‹ •Ê∞ Õ ¬⁄U •Áœ∑§ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ÿÊŸË ‹Ê∑§∑§ÕÊ∞° •ÊÒ⁄U ‹Ê∑§ªËÃ, ’Ê‹øÊ‹ ÃÕÊ ’Ê‹Ë-’ÁÃÿÊŸ Ã∑§ „UË ‚ËÁ◊à ÕË– ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‹πŸ Ã’ Ã∑§ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ •Ê⁄¢U÷ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ, ¡’ Ã∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÈU•Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ◊Ⱥ˝áÊ ∑§Ë ◊‡ÊËŸ ÿ„UÊ° Ÿ„UË¥ ¬„È°UøË– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄U ¬≈U ∑§ Á‹∞ ÿ„UÊ° ‚fl⁄U z—ÆÆ ‚ ‡ÊÊ◊ {—ÆÆ ’¡ Ã∑§ πÃÊ¥ ◊¥ ’Ò‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„U ¡ÊÃ ¡ÊÃ Õ– ÷‹Ê ©Uã„¥U ∑§„UÊ° $»È§‚¸Ã ÕË ßŸ ‚’ ’ÊÃÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞– ’Í≈U •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§Ê«∏U ∑§ ŒŒ¸ ∑§Ê ’ÿÊ° ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÊflÊ Ê ÕË ¬⁄U ‡ÊéŒ ∑§„UÊ° Õ? ⁄Uʇʟ ¬⁄U πÊŸÊ, Ã‹, ÉÊÊ‚‹≈U ¬ÊŸflÊ‹Ê¥ ∑§ ÿ„UÊ° ¬Ò‚ ∑§„UÊ° Õ ¡Ê ◊Ⱥ˝áÊ ◊‡ÊËŸ¥ ◊°ªflÊÃ, •$π’Ê⁄U¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ¿UʬÃ •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøÊŸ ∑§Ë •Ê ÊÊŒË ÷Ë ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄U •¬Ÿ flß ÷Ê⁄Uà Ÿ„UË¥ ‹ÊÒ≈U ¬Ê∞ Õ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ©UŸ ∑§ ÿ„UÊ° ¬Ò‚Ê Ÿ„UË¥ ÕÊ– ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ‡Êø ∑§ ◊ÈÃÊÁ’∑§ ªÊ⁄U ©Uã„¥U ÷Ê⁄Uà ‹ÊÒ≈UÊ Ÿ ¬Ê∞ Õ– fl ΔUª ª∞ Õ– fl ÿ„UË¥ ’‚ ª∞ Õ– ∑§„UË¥ ª¢ªÊ ’ŸÊ ŒË ÃÊ ªÊ°fl-ªÊ°fl ◊¥ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U, ◊ÁS¡Œ, ∑§ÊÁfl‹ π«∏U ∑§⁄U ÁŒ∞– v~Æv ◊¥ ßûÊ$»§Ê∑§ „UË ‚„UË, ◊Ê„UŸŒÊ‚ ∑§⁄U◊ø¢Œ ªÊ¢œË ÿ„UÊ° •Ê∞ Õ, ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ‚ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‹ÊÒ≈UÃ ‚◊ÿ ©UŸ∑§Ê ¡„UÊ Ê “ŸÊÒ‡Ê⁄UÊ” $π⁄UÊ’ „UÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– ◊⁄Uê◊à ∑§ Á‹∞ v~-wÆ ÁŒŸÊ¥ Ã∑§ ¬Ê≈¸U ‹È߸ ’¢Œ⁄UªÊ„U ◊¥ ‹¢ª⁄U «UÊ‹ ⁄U„UÊ– ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ ⁄U„U ⁄U„U ªÊ¢œË ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊¡ŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë π⁄UÊ’ ÁSÕÁà ∑§Ê ¬ÃÊ ÕÊ– fl ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ‹Ã ⁄U„UÃ Õ •ÊÒ⁄U ªÈ¡⁄UÊà ◊¥ ¿U¬ ⁄U„U “Á≈˛UéÿÍŸ” •$π’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ß‚∑§Ë øøʸ ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„UÃ Õ– •¬Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ

∑§ÁflÃÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊ ¬⁄U ¡Ê ¬„U‹Ë ∑§ÁflÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU, fl„U “„UÊ‹Ë” „ÒU ¡Ê “Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË” •$π’Ê⁄U ◊¥ v~vx ∑§Ê ¿U¬Ë ÕË– ß‚∑§ ‹ª÷ª Œ‚ fl·ÊZ ∑§ ’ÊŒ v~wx ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë œ⁄UÃË ∑§Ë ∑§ÁflÃÊ ∑§Ë ¬„U‹Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ¿U¬ÃË „ÒUó“⁄U‚¬È¢¡ ∑È¢§«UÁ‹ÿÊ°”– ß‚∑§ ⁄UøÁÿÃÊ ¬¢. 89


v~zx •ÊÃ-•ÊÃ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ∑§ÁflÃÊ ‹ˇ◊ËŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ øÃÈfl¸ŒË “⁄U‚¬È¢¡” Õ– ÿlÁ¬ Œ ‡ Ê ∑ § ¬˝ Õ ◊ ŸÊ≈U ∑ §∑§Ê⁄U ¡ÿŸÊ⁄U Ê ÿáÊ ◊¥ SflâòÊÃÊ ∑§Ê Á’ªÈ‹ ‚Ê$»§ ‚ÈŸÊ߸ ŒŸ ‹ªÊ ÿ„UÊ° ¬È⁄UÊŸË •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ËÁ◊à ¿UʬŸflÊ‹Ë ◊Ⱥ˝áÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ „ÒU– v~yv ◊¥ ©UŸ∑§Ê “¡ËflŸ ‚¢ÁªŸË” ÕÊ– ‹πŸ Ÿ ÊÊ⁄U ¬∑§«∏UÊó∑§Áfl •ÊÒ⁄U ◊‡ÊËŸ ÕË ÃÕÊÁ¬ ∑§Áfl Ÿ Sflÿ¢ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ÿ„U ¿U¬Ê ÕÊ– ŸÊ≈U∑§-∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë ∑§Ë yÆ ∑§ ¬˝Êåà fl ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§⁄UflÊ߸ ÕË– ß‚ ’Ëø Á„¢UŒË ‹ª÷ª ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– Á¬¿U‹ ∑§ÁflÃÊ œ«∏UÊœ«∏U ‚Ê◊Ÿ •Ê∞– v~zx ‚ •$π’Ê⁄UÊ¥ ÿÊ ◊ÊÁ‚∑§ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ◊„UËŸ ªÊÒ∑§⁄UáÊ Á‚ÃÊ„U‹ ∑§Ê “◊◊ÃÊ” v~|x ∑§ ’Ëø zÆ ‚ ÷Ë ∑ȧ¿U •Áœ∑§ ∑§ÁflÃÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ÃÊ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU ¬⁄U ¬„U‹Ê ∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë-‚¢ª˝„U ÁŒÀ‹Ë ∑§ S≈UÊ⁄U ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– v~|x∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U ⁄U‚¬È¢¡ ∑§Ê „UË ◊ÊŸÊ ¡Ê∞ªÊ– ¬Áé‹∑§‡ÊŸ ‚ ¿U¬∑§⁄U •ÊÿÊ „ÒU– Sfl. v~~x Ã∑§ ‹ª÷ª ßß „UË ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U ∑ȧ¿U ßÁÄUÊ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÿ„U •SflË∑§Êÿ¸ „ÒU– ªÊÒ∑§⁄UáÊ Ÿ ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë ∑§ß¸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ¿U¬– v~~x-wÆvx Ã∑§ ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„UÊ¥ ∑§ ©UŸ∑§Ê ∑§ÕŸ „ÒU ““ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ‹π∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊¥ Á‹πË¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊¢Áøà ÷Ë Á∑§ÿÊ– ©UŸ∑§Ë ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ë ÿ„U ‚¢ÅÿÊ ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄U„UË •ÊÒ⁄U ’…∏UË •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ÷Ê⁄Uà ÃÊ Á»§⁄U ÿ„U ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ |z ∞∑§Ê¢Á∑§ÿÊ° •¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– ⁄UÊ◊Œfl ÷Ë– œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U Ÿ xÆÆ ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ ŸÊ≈U∑§ Á‹π •ÊÒ⁄U wÆvx ‚ •’ Ã∑§ „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ Ã∑§⁄UË’Ÿ ∑Ò§‚ „ÈU•Ê?”” ¬˝ S ÃÈ Ã Á∑§∞– ß‚Ë Ã⁄U „ U „U ⁄ U fl·¸ ∑§‹Ê ∞fl¢ }-vÆ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¿U¬Ã •Ê ß‚∑§ ¬Í⁄U Œ‚ fl·¸ ’ÊŒ v~xy ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ÃË‚⁄UÊ ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ◊¥ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ©UŸ◊¥ •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U „Ò¥U– ∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë/ŸÊ≈U∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„UÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ◊¥ „U⁄U fl·¸ „UË „ÒUó“∑ΧcáÊ ∑§Ë flŒË” •ÊÒ⁄U “fl¢‡ÊË ∑§Ë ÃÊŸ”– •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ Œ‡Ê ∑§ ∑§ÊŸflÎÁh ŸÊ≈U ∑§Ë ªß¸ „ÒU– •ë¿UË •ÊÒ⁄U SÃ⁄UËÿ v~xz ◊¥ “⁄U‚¬È¢¡ ∑È¢§«UÁ‹ÿÊ°” ∑§ ⁄UøÁÿÃÊ ∑§ÊŸ ‚, ∑§ÊÚ‹¡  Ê¥ ‚ ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ ŸÊ≈U∑§ ◊¢Áøà ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¬òÊ-¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¿U¬Ÿ ∑§Ê ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U ¿U¬ÃÊ „ÒUó“‡ÊÃÊéŒË „UÊÃ „Ò¥U ¬⁄U ÿ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ‹ªË „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ SÕÊŸËÿ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë ‚⁄UÊ¡”– ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „UÊ øÈ∑§Ë „Ò¥U– ◊ÊÒÁ‹∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ¬˝◊Èπ ∑§Áfl — •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ÃŸ, ’˝¡¥º˝ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ¬ÎcΔU÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§Ë ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° v~yÆ ∑§ ’ÊŒ Á‹πË •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊŸ ‹ªË– ß‚◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UË ÿÊªŒÊŸ ÕÊ– v~xz, ÷ªÃ “◊œÈ∑§⁄U”, ‚Ê◊ŒûÊ ’πÊ⁄UË, „UÁ⁄UŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ‚ËÃÊ, ΔUÊ∑ȧ⁄UŒûÊ ¬Ê¢«Uÿ, v~x{U •ÊÒ⁄U v~x|U ◊¥ ‚÷Ê Ÿ „USÃÁ‹Áπà ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê “ŒÈªÊ¸” ÁŸ∑§Ê‹Ë– ◊ÈÁŸ‡fl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ, ’Ë⁄U‚Ÿ ¡ÊªÊÁ‚¢„U, ¬Í¡ÊŸ¢Œ Ÿ◊Ê, „U◊⁄UÊ¡ „UÊÕ ‚ Á‹πÃ •ÊÒ⁄U „UÊÕÊ¥-„UÊÕ ÁflÃÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄UÃ– ß‚Ë ◊¥ Á‹πÃ- ‚È¢Œ⁄U, œŸ⁄UÊ¡ ‡Ê¢÷È, ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ, ‚È◊Áà ‚¢œÈ, ‚Íÿ¸¬˝‚ÊŒ ◊¢ª⁄U ¬…∏UÃ, ŒπÊ-‚ÈŸË ◊¥ ∑§Áfl ‚Ê◊Ÿ •Ê∞– “ŒÈªÊ¸” ∑§ •Êfl⁄UáÊ ¬ÎcΔU ÷ªÃ, ¡ŸÊœ¸Ÿ ∑§ÊÁ‹ø⁄UáÊ, ôÊÊŸ‡fl⁄U ⁄UÉÊÈflË⁄U, ŒflŸŸŸ „U◊⁄UÊ¡, ⁄UËÁœ ’ŸÊŸflÊ‹ ◊œÈ∑§⁄U ÷ªÃ ∑§Áfl ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Ÿ Ê⁄U •ÊŸ ‹ª– v~y} ◊¥ M§¬ø¢Œ, ⁄U‡Ê◊Ë ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄UË ⁄Uʪ¬Ã, ¬⁄U◊‡fl⁄U Á’„UÊ⁄UË, ¡ª‹Ê‹ ⁄UÊ◊Ê, ¬„U‹Ê ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà Á∑§ÿÊó◊œÈ¬∑¸§– v~y~ ◊¥ ŒÊ ‚¢ª˝„U ’Ρ‹Ê‹ ⁄UÊ◊ŒËŸ, ◊„U‡Ê ⁄UÊ◊¡ËÿÊflŸ, ¡ÿŒûÊ ¡Ë™§Ã, üÊË◊ÃË ∑§À¬ŸÊ ÃÕÊ v~zx ◊¥ ÷Ë ŒÊ ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈU∞– fl z-{U Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ‹Ê‹¡Ë •ÊÁŒ– Ã∑§ „U◊Ê⁄U ∑§ÁflÃÊ ‚¢‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ¿UÊ∞ ⁄U„U •ÊÒ⁄U ∑ȧ‹ Á◊‹Ê∑§⁄U zÆ ‚¢ª˝„U ∑§„UÊŸË ÁflœÊ ÁŸ∑§Ê‹– ∑§„UÊŸË, ß‚ ÁflœÊ ¬⁄U ∑§Ê◊ •Áœ∑§ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU ¬⁄U ∑§ÁflÃÊ90


∑§Ë ©U¬‹Áéœ „UË ◊ÊŸË ¡Ê∞ªË– ⁄UÊ◊Œfl ∑§ •’ Ã∑§ Œ‚ ©U¬ãÿÊ‚ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊ øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U–

¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ’ÊŒ! v~{} ◊¥ ߸‡fl⁄Uø¢º˝ ª¢ªÊ⁄UÊ◊ ∑§Ê “∞∑§ ‚¬ŸÊ” ∑§„UÊŸË-‚¢ª˝„U ¿U¬ÃÊ „ÒU– ©U‚Ë ‚Ê‹ ߸‡fl⁄UŒûÊ •‹Ë◊Ÿ “Ÿß¸ ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ°” ∑§„UÊŸË-‚¢ª˝„U ∑§Ê ‚¢¬ÊŒŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– v~|y ◊¥ •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ ∑§Ê ¬„U‹Ê ∑§Ê√ÿ-‚¢ª˝„U ‚Ê◊Ÿ •ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà Á∑§ÿÊ, ’Ê-’Ê‚¥ (◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ) ∑§ ÁòÊfláÊË Ä‹’ Ÿ– v~{|U ‚ ‹∑§⁄U wÆvy Ã∑§ {Æ ∑§„UÊŸË-‚¢ª˝„U ÿ„UÊ° ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊ øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– Á¬¿U‹Ê ∑§„UÊŸË-‚¢ª˝„U „ÒU ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ ∑§Ê “’»¸§ ‚Ë ª⁄U◊Ë”– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ¬˝◊Èπ ∑§„UÊŸË∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥U — •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ, ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U, ¬Í¡ÊŸ¢Œ Ÿ◊Ê, ÷ÊŸÈ◊Áà ŸÊªŒÊŸ, œŸ⁄UÊ¡ ‡Ê¢÷È, ¡ÿ ¡Ë™§Ã, ◊„U‡Ê ⁄UÊ◊Á¡ÿÊflŸ, «UÊÚ. „U◊⁄UÊ¡ ‚È¢Œ⁄U, ◊Ê„UŸ‹Ê‹ ’Ρ◊Ê„UŸ, ߢº˝Œfl ÷Ê‹Ê, ÿ¢ÃÈŒfl ’ÈœÈ, •Ê¡ÊÁ◊‹ ◊ÊÃÊ’Œ‹, ‹ÊøŸ Á’Œ‚Ë, ŒÊÁŸ‡fl⁄U ‡ÊÊ◊, ¬¢. ’áÊË◊ÊœÊ ⁄UÊ◊π‹ÊflŸ, ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ •ÊÁŒ–

‹ÉÊÈ∑§ÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ‹ÉÊÈ∑§ÕÊ∞° ∑§◊ Á‹πË •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈUßZ– ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U Ÿ {U ‹ÉÊÈ∑§ÕÊ-‚¢ª˝„UÊ¥ ◊¥ xÆÆÆ SÃ⁄UËÿ ‹ÉÊÈ∑§ÕÊ∞° ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§⁄UflÊßZ– ßÃŸË ‹ÉÊÈ∑§ÕÊ∞° ÃÊ ‡ÊÊÿŒ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ÷Ë Á∑§‚Ë Ÿ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄UflÊ߸ „UÊ¥ªË– ⁄UÊ◊Œfl ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ Á„¢UŒË ‹π∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ, •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ, ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ, ¡ÿ ¡Ë™§Ã, ’Ë⁄U‚Ÿ ¡ÊªÊÁ‚¢„U •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ‹ÉÊÈ∑§ÕÊ-‚¢ª˝„U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U– SÕÊŸËÿ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‹ÉÊÈ∑§ÕÊ∞° ∑§Ê$»§Ë ¿U¬Ë „Ò¥U– «UÊÚ. ◊ÈÁŸ‡fl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ, «UÊÚ. ‚È¢Œ⁄U •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ŸÊ◊ •Ê ¬ÊÃ „Ò¥U–

ŸÊ≈U∑§-∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë Œ‡Ê ∑§ ¬˝Õ◊ ŸÊ≈U∑§∑§Ê⁄U ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ „ÒU– v~yv ◊¥ ©UŸ∑§Ê “¡ËflŸ ‚¢ÁªŸË” ¿U¬Ê ÕÊ– ŸÊ≈U∑§-∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë ∑§Ë yÆ ∑§ ‹ª÷ª ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– Á¬¿U‹ ◊„UËŸ ªÊÒ∑§⁄UáÊ Á‚ÃÊ„U‹ ∑§Ê “◊◊ÃÊ” ∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë‚¢ª˝„U ÁŒÀ‹Ë ∑§ S≈UÊ⁄U ¬Áé‹∑§‡ÊŸ ‚ ¿U¬∑§⁄U •ÊÿÊ „ÒU– Sfl. ªÊÒ∑§⁄UáÊ Ÿ ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë ∑§ß¸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á‹πË¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊¢Áøà ÷Ë Á∑§ÿÊ– ©UŸ∑§Ë |z ∞∑§Ê¢Á∑§ÿÊ° •¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U Ÿ xÆÆ ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ ŸÊ≈U∑§ Á‹π •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞– ß‚Ë Ã⁄U„U „U⁄U fl·¸ ∑§‹Ê ∞fl¢ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ◊¥ ∞∑§Ê¢∑§Ë/ŸÊ≈U∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ Œ‡Ê ∑§ ∑§ÊŸ-∑§ÊŸ ‚, ∑§ÊÚ‹¡Ê¥ ‚ ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ ŸÊ≈U∑§ ◊¢Áøà „UÊÃ „Ò¥U ¬⁄U ÿ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ŸÊ≈U∑§ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ¬È⁄UÁŸÿÊ¥ Ÿ ◊¢Áøà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ ÕÊ– “⁄UÊ◊‹Ë‹Ê” •ÊÒ⁄U œ◊¸ª˝¢ÕÊ¥ ∑§Ë ∑§ÕÊ•Ê¥ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ŸÊ≈U∑§! ¬⁄U •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ Ÿ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄U„U∑§⁄U •Ÿ∑§ ŸÊ≈U∑§ (‹¢’) Á‹π •ÊÒ⁄U ◊¢Áøà Á∑§∞ Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ¬˝◊Èπ „Ò¥Uó “ªÍ°ªÊ ßÁÄUÊ‚”, “◊⁄UˇÊÊ ªflÊ„UË ŒŸÊ”, “÷⁄Uà ‚◊ ÷Ê߸”, “⁄UÊ∑§ ‹Ê ∑§Êã„UÊ”, “⁄UÁfl ªÊŸ”– ÿ ŸÊ≈U∑§ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ÷Ë „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U–

©U¬ãÿÊ‚ “¬„U‹Ê ∑§Œ◊” ß‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ê ¬„U‹Ê ©U¬ãÿÊ‚ ◊ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU, ¡Ê v~{UÆ ◊¥ ¿U¬Ê •ÊÒ⁄U Á‹πŸflÊ‹ üÊË ∑ΧcáÊ ‹Ê‹ Á’„UÊ⁄UË „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§ ΔUË∑§ Œ‚ fl·¸ ’ÊŒ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ∑§ÕÊ∑§Ê⁄U ÃÕÊ ©U¬ãÿÊ‚ ‚◊˝Ê≈ÔU •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ ∑§Ê ¬„U‹Ê ©U¬ãÿÊ‚ ¿U¬ÃÊ „ÒUó“•ÊÒ⁄U ŸŒË ’„UÃË ⁄U„UË”– v~|Æ ‚ fl •’ Ã∑§ Á‹πÃ •Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§ zÆ ‚ ÷Ë •Áœ∑§ ©U¬ãÿÊ‚ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊ øÈ∑§ „ÒU¥– “‹Ê‹ ¬‚ËŸÊ” ©UŸ∑§Ê ∑§Ê‹¡ÿË ©U¬ãÿÊ‚ „ÒU– ¬˝◊Èπ ©U¬ãÿÊ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ß‚ Ã⁄U„U „Ò¥U — •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ, ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U, ¬¢. ’áÊË◊ÊœÊ ⁄UÊ◊π‹ÊflŸ, ŒÊÁŸ‡fl⁄U ‡ÊÊ◊, ¬˝‚ÊŒ ªáʬÃ, Œfl ⁄¢U¡ËÃ, „UË⁄UÊ‹Ê‹ ‹Ë‹Êœ⁄U, •ÊŸ¢Œ Œ’Ë, ŒË¬ø¢Œ Á’„UÊ⁄UË, ªÊflœ¸Ÿ ΔUÊ∑ȧ⁄U •ÊÁŒ– ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U Ÿ {U π¢«UÊ¥, xÆÆÆ ¬ÎcΔUÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U zÆÆ ¬ÊòÊÊ¥flÊ‹Ê “¬Õ⁄UË‹Ê ‚ÊŸÊ” Á‹π∑§⁄U ‚¢‚Ê⁄U ∑§ ‚’‚ ‹¢’ (’«∏U) ©U¬ãÿÊ‚ Á‹πŸ ∑§Ê ∑§ËÁø◊ÊŸ SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ 91


¬˝◊Èπ ŸÊ≈U∑§∑§Ê⁄U — ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ, •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ÃŸ, ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U, ◊„U‡Ê ⁄UÊ◊Á¡ÿÊflŸ, •SÃÊŸ¢Œ ‚ŒÊÁ‚¢„U, œŸ⁄UÊ¡ ‡Ê¢÷È, ⁄UÊ¡¥º˝ ‚ŒÊÁ‚¢„U, ¿UòÊŒûÊ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ, œãŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ¡Ë™§Ã, ªÊÒ∑§⁄UáÊ Á‚ÃÊ„U‹ •ÊÁŒ–

•Áœ∑§ ÁŸ’¢œ Á‹πŸ fl ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§⁄UÊŸflÊ‹ ÁŸ’¢œ∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥U– fl „UË Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§ ¡Ÿ∑§ „Ò¥U–

ßÁÄUÊ‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ë ‹ª÷ª xÆ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ◊¥ •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ¬˝tUÔÊŒ ⁄UÊ◊‡Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë „ÒU¥– ¬¢. flÊ‚ÈŒfl ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹, ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ, ◊ÈÁŸ¢º˝ŸÊÕ fl◊ʸ, ◊Ê„UŸ‹Ê‹ ◊ÊÁ„UÃ, •ÁŸL§h mÊ⁄U∑§Ê, ÷⁄Uà ∑§ÊÒÁ«∏UÿÊ •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ÷Ë •Ê ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U–

√ÿ¢Çÿ √ÿ¢Çÿ ◊¥ Á‚$»¸§ ŒÊ „UË ŸÊ◊ •ÊÃ „Ò¥Uó•Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U– ⁄UÊ◊Œfl ∑§Ë øÊ⁄U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà √ÿ¢Çÿ ⁄UøŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U– “∑§‹¡ÈªË œ⁄U◊-∑§⁄U◊”, “’¢Œ •Êª ÷Ë Œπ”, “¬Ê¬Ë Sflª¸” •ÊÒ⁄U “ø„U⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ¤Ê◊‹”–

Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ê ßÁÄUÊ‚ Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ◊¥ «UÊÚ. ◊ÈÁŸ‡fl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ Ÿ Ãã◊ÿÃÊ ‚ πÊ¡ •ÊÒ⁄U ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Êÿ¸ Á∑§ÿÊ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ πÊ¡ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ ¬‡øÊÃ˜Ô „UË •¬ŸË ÃËŸÊ¥ ⁄UøŸÊ∞° ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§⁄UflÊßZ– ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ê ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ë |U-} ⁄UøŸÊ∞° •’ Ã∑§ ÁªŸÊ߸ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË „Ò¥U–

ÿÊòÊÊ-‚¢S◊⁄UáÊ Á‚$»¸§ ÃËŸ ⁄UøŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ‚Ê◊ŒûÊ ’πÊ⁄UË fl •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ ∑§Ë–

‚¢S◊⁄UáÊ

©U¬‚¢„UÊ⁄U

‹ª÷ª vÆ ‚¢S◊⁄UáÊ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U–

◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ⁄UøŸÊ∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ∞° Á‚$»¸§ SÕÊŸËÿ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊Ê¥ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§Ë ªß¸ „Ò¥U ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ÿ„U ÁflŒ‡ÊË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¥ ÷Ë ÿÊªŒÊŸ ¬„È°UøÊ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ß‚ ‹π ◊¥ •Ê∞ ‚÷Ë ÁflœÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ¬⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ „U¡Ê⁄UÊ¥ SŸÊÃ∑§ ‹ÉÊȇÊÊœ Á‹π øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ ¡Ê⁄UË „ÒU– ¬Ë-∞ø.«UË. •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.Á»§‹. ∑§Ë ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ∞° ÷Ë SÕÊŸËÿ ⁄UøŸÊ∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U •¬ŸÊ ‡ÊÊœ ¬˝’¢œ ‚¢¬ãŸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U ÃÊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§ SŸÊÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ø„UÃ ‡ÊÊœ-Áfl·ÿ ’Ÿ ª∞ „Ò¥U–

’Ê‹-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ “◊ÈãŸË ‹ÊÒ≈U •Ê߸”ó∞.¬Ë. ◊°ªM§, “’‚ ø‹Ë ªß¸”óÿ¢ÃÈŒfl ’ÈœÈ, “Áπ‹ÃË ∑§Á‹ÿÊ°”ó’Ρ‹Ê‹ ⁄UÊ◊ŒËŸ, “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë vz ’Ê‹∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ°”ó’Ë⁄U‚Ÿ ¡ÊªÊÁ‚¢„U, “‹ÊÁ‹◊Ê”ó∑§‡ÊflŒûÊ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ– ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ’„ÈUà ‚Ê⁄UË ’Ê‹ ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ° •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U–

ÁŸ’¢œ •’ Ã∑§ vw-vz ÁŸ’¢œ-‚¢ª˝„U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ’ÃÊ∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ߟ◊¥ ◊ÈÁŸ‡fl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ ÃÕÊ ¬˝tÔUÊŒ ⁄UÊ◊‡Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ÃËŸ-ÃËŸ ⁄UøŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ÿÊ Á∑§ã„UË¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ‚ ¬¢. ’Ê‚ÈŒfl ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹ ∑§Ê ŸÊ◊ ¡ÊŸ’ͤÊ∑§⁄U Œ⁄UÁ∑§ŸÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU fl⁄UŸÊ ©UŸ∑§Ë ¿UÊ≈UË◊Ê≈UË xÆÆ ‚ •Áœ∑§ ⁄UøŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ¬¢. flÊ‚ÈŒfl „UË ß‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§ ‚’‚

flÁ⁄UcΔU ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§, fl‚¢Ã/Á⁄U◊Á¤Ê◊, ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ ‹πŸ ∞fl¢ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ rajheeramun@gmail.com

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v|. “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔ˜Uÿ Ô ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ‚◊Êfl‡Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬⁄US¬⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U fl ‚Ȍ΅∏UË∑§⁄UáÊ” üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢äÿÊ •¢ø⁄UÊ Ê-Ÿfl‚Ê„U

◊ÊÚ

‚◊¤ÊË ªß¸– ¿UÊòÊ ∑§ ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ •ÊÒ⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ª˝„UáÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ˇÊ◊ÃÊ ◊¥ flÎÁh ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ‚ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-√ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ◊¢Ã√ÿ ∑§ •ÊÒÁøàÿ ¬⁄U ¬˝‡ŸÁøqÔU ‹ªÊŸÊ Áfl⁄UÊœÊ÷Ê‚ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ∑§Ê ¡ã◊ ŒŸ ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ ÕÊ ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÃÕÊ ∑˝§•Ê‹◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¥ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ÁŸáʸÿ øÈŸÊÒÃˬÍáʸ ÕÊ, ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ Á∑§ ‹ª÷ª •ÊœË ‡ÊÃÊéŒË ∑§Ë ∑§Ê‹ÊflÁœ ◊¥ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-√ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ ÃÕÊ •ãÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥ ÁflÉŸ ∑§Ê «U⁄U ’ŸÊ ⁄U„UÊ– ‚ÊÕ „UË ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ÷Ê·Ê ∞∑§ ’„ÈUà „UË ‚¢flŒŸ‡ÊË‹ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁflflÊŒÊS¬Œ ◊‚‹Ê „Ò ¡Ê ÷ÊflŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Ê‡Ê, ŒÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê „UË ¡ã◊ ŒÃÊ „ÒU– »§‹SflM§¬, ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÃÕÊ ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ∑§ ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§Ê ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ∑§⁄UŸ „UÃÈ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ Ÿ ŒÊ ©UëøSÃ⁄UËÿ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ªΔUŸ Á∑§ÿÊ Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§Ê ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸÷Ê⁄U ‚ÊÒ¥¬Ê ªÿÊ– Á÷㟠‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§-œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹Ë $ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ÃÕÊ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ë ‚ŒSÿÃÊ ‚ ©UëøSÃ⁄UËÿ ’ÒΔU∑§ ∑§ ªΔUŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ÷Ê·Ê, ÷Ê·Ê-ÁflôÊÊŸ, ‚¢ªËà •ÊÁŒ •Ÿ∑§ Áfl÷ʪÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§, Á‡ÊˇÊÊÁflŒ˜Ô •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ∞∑§ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ‚Á◊Áà ªÁΔUà ∑§Ë ªß¸ Á¡‚Ÿ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ¬ÊΔUøÿʸ Áfl∑§Ê‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§-ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ê◊ ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ Á∑§ÿÊ– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ ‚ „UË ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥ ‚◊ÊŸÃÊ Œπ ¬ÊŸÊ •‚¢÷fl-‚Ê ¬˝ÃËà „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝SÃÊÁflà ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÃÕÊ ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ •ãÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ „UË Áfl∑§À¬Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã „UÊÃË¥– •Ã— ß‚∑§Ê •Á÷¬˝Êÿ ÿ„U ÕÊ Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§Ê ¿UÊòÊ ∑§ˇÊÊ ∞∑§ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, ©UŒÍ¸, ÃÁ◊‹, Ã‹ÈªÈ, ◊⁄UÊΔUË, •⁄U’Ë, ◊¢«UÊ⁄UËŸ, ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÃÕÊ ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ◊¥ ‚ Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê øÿŸ ∑§⁄UÃÊ– •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë

⁄Uˇʂ ‚¢‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ∞∑§◊ÊòÊ Œ‡Ê „ÒU ¡„UÊ° •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ√ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, ©UŒÍ¸, ÃÁ◊‹, Ã‹ÈªÈ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊⁄UÊΔUË ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U– ߟ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ •⁄U’Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ◊¢«UÊ⁄UËŸ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ÿ„UÊ° ¬˝Êëÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ (Asian Languages) ∑§Ë ‚¢ôÊÊ ŒË ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •äÿÿŸ-•äÿʬŸ ÿ„UÊ° ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ‚ÈøÊM§ M§¬ ‚ ø‹ÃÊ „ÒU– •Ã— ∑§ˇÊÊ ∞∑§ ‚ „UË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ¿UÊòÊ ßŸ ¬Ê°ø ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ ∑§Ê øÿŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ’ëø •ãÿ Áfl·ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ŒÍ‚⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÿÊ •ãÿ ¬˝Êëÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° ‚ËπÃ „Ò¥U– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ‚¢⁄UøŸÊ ∑§Ê ŒπÃ „ÈU∞ ÿ„UÊ° ∑§Ë ÷Ê·ÊŸËÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ’„ÈUà ¡Á≈U‹ ¬˝ÃËà „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– ÿ„U ¡Á≈U‹ÃÊ ◊Í‹ M§¬ ‚ ‚÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ, ©UŸ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ÃÕÊ ©UŸ∑§Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§-⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ◊„UûÊÊ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÷ʷʬ˝ÿÊª ∑§Ê •äÿÿŸ ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ ÁflmÊŸ Á$»§Á‹¬ ’∑§⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ë≈U⁄U S≈UÊߟ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U •¢ª˝ ÊË ÷Ê·Ê “ôÊÊŸ” ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¡È«∏UË „ÈU߸ „ÒU, $»˝¥§ø ÷Ê·Ê ÿ„UÊ° ∑§Ë “‚¢S∑ΧÁÔ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ, ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ “‚◊ÃÊflÊŒ” ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÃÊ •ãÿ ¬˝Êëÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° “¬ÒÃÎ∑§ Áfl⁄UʂÔ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¡È«∏UË „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U (CIA World Fact Book, v~~y)– ‚Ã⁄¢UªË ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃÿÊ¥flÊ‹ ß‚ Sflª¸ ◊¥ ‚Ã⁄¢UªË ÷Ê·Ê ¡„UÊ° ∞∑§ •Ê⁄U ©U‚∑§Ë ‚È¢Œ⁄UÃÊ ◊¥ øÊ⁄U øÊ°Œ ‹ªÊÃË „ÒU fl„UË¥ ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ë ¡Á≈U‹ÃÊ ∑§Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ë ª„U⁄UÊÃË „ÒU– wÆvv ◊¥ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢flÒœÊÁŸ∑§ M§¬ ‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊʬ˝áÊÊ‹Ë ◊¥ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ŒÊ ◊ÊÃÎ-÷Ê·Ê∞° ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÃÕÊ ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ÁŸáʸÿ ∞∑§ ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ∑§Œ◊ „ÒU– ÿ„U ∑§Œ◊ ‚¢ÿÈÄà ⁄UÊc≈˛U ‚¢ÉÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚¢⁄UˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl∑§Ê‚ „UÃÈ ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà ◊¢Ã√ÿ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ©UΔUÊÿÊ ªÿÊ– »§‹SflM§¬, ‚÷Ë ‚ŒSÿ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-√ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ ©U‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ©U¬ÁSÕÁà •ÁŸflÊÿ¸

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◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹Êª ¡„UÊ° ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ß‚ ÁŸáʸÿ ‚ ‚¢ÃÈc≈U Õ fl„UË¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ looked for their educated and cultural modes of ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹Êª •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÈÅÿ M§¬ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ë ŒÈÁflœÊ ◊¥ Õ– Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ expression; there was no hope of Bhojpuri achieving this for them.” ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ◊¥ Á∑§‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê øÿŸ ∑§⁄¥U? ߟ ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „ÈU∞ ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝‡Ÿ ©UΔUÃÊ „ÒU ÃÊ ©U‚∑§Ë ““÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË „U◊Ê⁄U ’„ÈUà ∑§Ê◊ •Ê߸ „ÒU– ©U¬ÿÊÁªÃÊ, ©U‚∑§Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ◊„UûÊÊ ∑§Ê ©U‚Ë ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ „U◊Ÿ •¬ŸË Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ‚Á◊Áà Ÿ ©UëøSÃ⁄UËÿ ’ÒΔU∑§ ∑§ ⁄UπÊ¢Á∑§Ã ∑§⁄UŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ŒπÊ, ¬„UøÊŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊¤ÊÊ ÷Ë– ÿÁŒ ‚Ê◊Ÿ ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ¬˝SÃÊfl ⁄UπÊ– ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ¬˝SÃÊfl ◊„UûÊÊ ∑§Ë ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ◊ÊŸ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃË ÃÊ ÿ„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ÿ„U ÕÊ Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË-¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ „UË ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ¡«∏U¥ ◊¡’Íà Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃË¥– ‹ª÷ª «U…∏U ‚ÊÒ ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê „UÊ, •Ã— ŒÍ‚⁄U ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ë ¡’-¡’ ÃÈ‹ŸÊ „UÊÃ Ë „ÒU, Á„¢UŒË- fl·¸ ¬Ífl¸ „U◊Ê⁄U ¬Ífl¸¡ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ •ÊÀ„UÊ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ¬ΔUŸ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬‹«∏UÊ •Áœ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UË „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ π¢«U, „UŸÈ◊ÊŸ øÊ‹Ë‚Ê, ∞fl¢ ¬ÊΔUŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊflœÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë •ë¿UË ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ∑§Ë ’Êà ∑§Ê ¬˝◊ÊáÊ „U◊¥ ß‚ Ãâÿ ‚ Á◊‹ÃÊ „ÒU ⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ÿ„UÊ° •Ê∞ Õ– Á∑§ ©UãŸË‚flË¥ ‡ÊÃÊéŒË ∑§ ¬˝Ê⁄¢UÁ÷∑§ fl·ÊZ ◊¥ ߟ∑§ ¬˝Ãʬ ‚ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ „ÈU߸– ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ∑§Ê ◊ʬŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á∑§∞ ª∞ ¡’ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-√ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ •Êª ø‹∑§⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ „UË Á„¢UŒË ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ ‚ ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ∑§Ë ÃÈ‹ŸÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∞∑§ ◊ÈÄà Áfl·ÿ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ •ÊŸ ∑§Ê ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ’Êà ©UΔUË ÃÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚¢÷fl „ÈU•Ê–”” ◊¥ •‚$»§‹ Á‚h „ÈU•Ê, ¡’Á∑§ ∑˝§•Ê‹•ÊÒ⁄U ©UŒÍ¸-÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÈÄà Áfl·ÿ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ •Áœ∑§ ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃcΔUÊ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ’‚ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§Ê ¡Ê«∏UŸflÊ‹Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ‚ •Áœ∑§ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ SflË∑ΧÁà Á◊‹Ë– »§‹Ã— ©UëøSÃ⁄UËÿ ’ÒΔU∑§ Ÿ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ‚Á◊Áà ◊ÊŸ ª∞– «UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ◊ÿÊŒ “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ π«∏UË-’Ê‹Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝SÃÊÁflà ŒÍ‚⁄U ¬˝SÃÊfl ∑§Ê ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝‚Ê⁄U” Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U •¬Ÿ ‡ÊÊœª˝¢Õ ◊¥ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ë ¬ÈÁc≈U ߟ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ÁŸáʸÿ Á‹ÿÊ– ß‚ ÁŸáʸÿ ‚ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë flÊÄÿÊ¥ ‚ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥Uó ‚Á◊Áà ∑§ ‚Ê◊Ÿ ∑ȧ¿U Ÿß¸ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ° •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿ∞ ¬˝‡Ÿ ÷Ë π«∏U „UÊ ª∞– “In fact, literacy and vernacular education Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê ∑Ò§‚ presented a problem to Bhojpuri speakers because •ÊÒ⁄U Á∑§ÃŸÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞? ÄÿÊ ß‚‚ ¬Ê°ø-fl·Ë¸ÿ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ª˝„UáÊBhojpuri was not a written language nor was it ˇÊ◊ÃÊ ◊¥ ’ÊœÊ •Ê ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU? ÄÿÊ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ ÷˝Á◊à „UÊŸ ∑§Ë regarded as being suitable to be so and formal •Ê‡Ê¢∑§Ê ⁄U„UªË? ÷˝◊ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ‚ ’øŸ ∑§ Á‹∞, ‚◊ãflÿŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑Ò§‚Ë „UÊ? ÃÕÊ ¬Ífl¸¡Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ ‚◊ˇÊ ∑Ò§‚ ¬˝SÃÈà education thus, of necessity, had to be in Khari-Boli Hindi, the language perceived to have both literary Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ Á∑§ ’ëøÊ¥ ◊¥ ©U‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ •äÿÿŸ ∑§Ë L§Áø ’ŸË ⁄U„U? ¬ÊΔUøÿʸ Áfl∑§Ê‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ‚Á◊Áà ߟ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ¥ and cultural prestige, whether as Hindi or Urdu. It was towards Khari-Boli-Hindi, therefore, that they ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚÷Ë Áfl·ÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ¥ ∑§Ë øøʸ-

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•ÊÒ⁄U ©UëøSÃ⁄UËÿ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ Ã∑§ Ãÿ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ß‚ ÿÊòÊÊ ◊¥ •Ÿ∑§ Á„¢UŒË-‚ÁflÿÊ¥ ‚◊ãflÿŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ß‚ ’Êà ¬⁄U ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ „UË, ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©U‚ ÷Ê·Ê ÷Ë äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜Uÿ Ô -‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ◊¥ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ∑§Ë ŸË¥fl ∑§Ê ‚‡ÊÄà ’ŸÊŸ ◊¥ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° •ÊÒ⁄U ªËÃ, ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ‚¢ªËà ÁŒfl‚, SflâòÊÃÊ ÁŒfl‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷È‹ÊÿÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ– “fl‚¢Ã ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê” ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U •ÊÁŒ ∑§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ∑§ ∞∑§ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË Áfl‡Ê·Ê¢∑§ ◊¥ «UÊÚ. ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝SÃÈÁà ∑§ Á‹∞ ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ΔUÊ∑ȧ⁄UŒûÊ ¬Ê¢«U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ß‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ „UË ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ •¬ŸÊ߸ ªß¸ ŸËÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ¡ŸŸË ÿÊ ¬Á⁄UÿÊ¡ŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã ◊ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U Á¡‚Ÿ „U◊Ê⁄U œ◊¸, ‚¢S∑ΧÁà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ-¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ë Ÿß¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ’øÊ∞ ⁄UπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚¢¡ËflŸË ’Í≈UË ∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ– ß‚ M§¬⁄UπÊ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ …UÊ‹Ê ªÿÊ– ‚Ȍ΅∏U ŸË¥fl ∑§Ë øøʸ ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ «UÊÚ. ¬Ê¢«U ∑§„UÃ „Ò¥Uó ““÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË „U◊Ê⁄U ’„ÈUà ∑§Ê◊ •Ê߸ „ÒU– ©U‚Ë ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ „U◊Ÿ ‚÷Ë ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ¥ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •¬ŸË Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ŒπÊ, ¬„UøÊŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊¤ÊÊ ÷Ë– ÿÁŒ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃË ÃÊ ÿ„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¡«∏U¥ ◊ Ê’Íà Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃË¥– ‹ª÷ª «U…∏U ‚ÊÒ fl·¸ •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ¬Ífl¸ „U◊Ê⁄U ¬Ífl¸¡ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ •ÊÀ„UÊ π¢«U, „UŸÈ◊ÊŸ øÊ‹Ë‚Ê, ∞fl¢ ⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ÿ„UÊ° •Ê∞ Õ– ߟ∑§ ¬˝Ãʬ ‚ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ë M§¬ ◊¥ •Êª◊Ÿó ⁄UˇÊÊ „ÈU߸– •Êª ø‹∑§⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ „UË Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚¢÷fl ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ©UàÕÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝ªÁà ◊¥ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê–”” ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ •Ÿãÿ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑§Ê •ŸŒπÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ •‚¢÷fl ¬˝ÃËà ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ’‹’ÍÃ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ŸË¥fl ⁄UπË ªß¸ ¡Ê Ÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ßÃŸÊ „UË Ÿ„UË¥, «UÊÚ. „U ÊÊ⁄UËÁ‚¢„U ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U •Ê ÊÊŒË ‚ ∑§fl‹ ¬À‹ÁflÃ-¬ÈÁc¬Ã „ÈU߸, ’ÁÀ∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§ ¬„U‹ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË „UË fl„U ÷Ê·Ê ÕË, Á¡‚Ÿ Á„¢UŒÍ, ◊È‚‹◊ÊŸ, ÃÁ◊‹, M§¬ ◊¥ Áfl‡fl-¬≈U‹ ¬⁄U ¿UÊ ÷Ë ªß¸– ÉÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ’Ê‹Ë ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥, S∑ͧ‹Ê¥, Ã‹ÈªÈ, ◊⁄UÊΔUË, ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃË ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚ÍòÊ ◊¥ ’Ê°œ ⁄UπÊ– ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ ∑§ÊÚ‹¡Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ΔUŸ-¬ÊΔUŸ ◊¥ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ÷Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬ˇÊ ◊¥ ß‚Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ÉÊÊ·áÊÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ÷Ê⁄Uà ŒÃË ⁄U„UË– ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ë „UÊŸ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ ∑§◊ ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÊ° ‚ ’Ê„U⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ∑§Ê •äÿÿŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ „UÊÃË ÕË¥; ‚ÊÕ „UË ÿ„U ÷Ë ŒπÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷ÊÁ·ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ©U‚∑§Ë ÁSÕÁÃ, ©U‚∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ‚¢ÃÊ·¡Ÿ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ’Ê‹ŸflÊ‹ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë •¬ˇÊÊ ©UëøÊ⁄UáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U √ÿÊ∑§⁄UáÊ •ª˝áÊË „Ò¥U– ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ ‚ ÁŸ∑§‹∑§⁄U ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ¬Á⁄Uøøʸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ÁŸêŸÊÄà ÁŸáʸÿÊ¥ ¬⁄U ¬„È°Uøó v. ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê •Êª◊Ÿ •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ „UÊŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– w. ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚ÍøŸÊ-¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿ∞ ‚ÊœŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– x. ‚◊ãflÿŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∞‚Ë „UÊ Á¡‚‚ ’ëøÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷˝◊ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ∑§◊ „UÊ, ‚ÊÕ „UË Á„¢UŒË ∑§ •äÿÿŸ ◊¥ Á∑§‚Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ’ÊœÊ Ÿ ¬«∏U– y. ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ◊¥ ©U¬⁄UÊÄà ‚‡ÊÁÄÃ∑§⁄UáÊ „UÊ–

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Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚ŒSÿÃÊ ‚ ¬ÊΔUøÿʸ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ÃÕÊ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ‚Á◊Áà Ÿ ªËÃÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ÁflÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‹ÿ’h „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ’ŸÊÿÊ, •Á¬ÃÈ ’Ê‹-◊ŸÊÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „ÈU∞ ©Uã„¥U ‚¢ªËà ◊¥ …UÊ‹∑§⁄U “∑§Ê⁄UÊ•Ê∑§” ¡Ò‚ ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ÷Ë ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊ∞– ÷Ê·Ê ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ∑¥§º˝ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÃÕÊ ‹Ê∑§ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ ‚ŒSÿÊ¥ Ÿ ∑§„UÊŸË •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÊ≈U∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊À≈UË◊ËÁ«UÿÊ ◊¥ …UÊ‹∑§⁄U ©U‚ •àÿÁœ∑§ •Ê∑§·¸∑§ ’ŸÊÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UË ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Œ◊ ’…∏UÊÃ „ÈU∞ ∞ÁŸ◊‡ÊŸ ‚ xD ∞ÁŸ◊‡ÊŸ Ã∑§ ¬„È°Uø ª∞– ¬Ífl¸¡Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§„U‹ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ß‚ M§¬ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê •¬Ÿ-•Ê¬ ◊¥ •Œ˜÷ Ô Èà ⁄U„UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ∑§Ë •¬ˇÊÊ •Áœ∑§ ¬˝÷Êfl‡ÊÊ‹Ë ÷Ë– ‚ÊÕ „UË ©U‚Ÿ ÷Ê·Ê-¬˝÷ÊflŸ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ÁŒÿÊ–

‚◊¤ÊŸ ◊¥ •Áœ∑§ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ Á◊‹ÃË ⁄U„UË, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ Á¬¿U‹ ŒÊ-…UÊ߸ Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ‚ ÉÊ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ◊¥ ∑§◊Ë ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ÷Ê·Ê ‚ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ◊¥ ÷Ë ∑§◊Ë •Ê߸ „ÒU Á¡‚∑§Ê S¬c≈U ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ ‚÷Ë SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸflÊ‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ Áª⁄UÊfl≈U ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ŒπÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ •äÿÿŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÉÊ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ‚ ÷Ê·Ê-•¡¸Ÿ ∑§Ë ŸË¥fl ’ÊÀÿÊflSÕÊ ◊¥ „UË ⁄UπË ¡ÊÃË ÕË; Á„¢UŒËÁ‡ÊˇÊáÊ ©U‚ ŸË¥fl ∑§Ê ‚Ë¥øÃÊ ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ‚◊Îh ’ŸÊÃÊ ÕÊ– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ∑§Ê‹Ê¢Ã⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝÷Êfl ◊¥ ∑§◊Ë ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ©U‚∑§Ë ß‚ •ÊÁŒ◊-÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ∑§Ê ˇÊÁà ¬„È°UøË– •Ã— ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ M§¬ ‚ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§Ê ‹ˇÿ ©U‚ ŸË¥fl ∑§Ê ‚Ȍ΅∏U ’ŸÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ÕÊ, Á¡‚ ∑§ÁflÃÊ, ªËÃ, ∑§„UÊŸË •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÊ≈U∑§ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ∑§fl‹ üÊfláÊ ÃÕÊ ÷Ê·áÊ ∑§Ê҇ʋ ∑§Ê ©U÷Ê⁄UŸ ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– »§‹SflM§¬, ÷ÊÁ·∑§-ŒˇÊÃÊ ◊¥ üÊfláÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê·áÊ ∑§Ê҇ʋ ∑§Ê ©U÷Ê⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¿UÊ≈UË ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞°, ªËÃ, ∑§Ê≈͸UŸflÊ‹Ë ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ° •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÊ≈U∑§ •ÊÁŒ ÁŒ∞ ª∞, ¡„UÊ° ©Uã„¥U Á‹Áπà ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ ‚◊ˇÊ ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë •¬ˇÊÊ ◊ÊòÊ ‚Ë-«UË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ©Uã„¥U ‚ÈŸÊŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄U≈UÊŸÊ ÕÊ–

‚◊ãflÿŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ äÿÊÃ√ÿ „ÒU Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚◊Êfl‡Ê ∑§ ÁŸáʸÿ ‚ Á„¢UŒË-¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ÃÕÊ ©U‚∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ‚◊ÿÊflÁœ ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ ’Œ‹Êfl Ÿ„UË¥ ‹ÊÿÊ ªÿÊ– ß‚ ÁŸáʸÿ ‚ ÿ„U øÈŸÊÒÃË ‚Ê◊Ÿ •Ê߸ Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË-¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ Á’ŸÊ Á∑§‚Ë ’Œ‹Êfl ∑§ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê Á∑§ÃŸË ◊ÊòÊÊ ◊¥ „UÊ– •Õʸà ¡Ê ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∞∑§-fl·Ë¸ÿ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „ÈU∞ ’ŸÊÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU, ©U‚◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ‚◊Êfl‡Ê ‚ ©U‚∑§Ê •Áœ∑§ ’ÊÁ¤Ê‹ ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ’ŸÊÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ ÕÊ? ÄÿÊ „U⁄U ¬ÊΔU ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê Ãàfl „UÊŸÊ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „ÒU? •ª⁄U „UÊ° ÃÊ ÄÿÊ •¢Ã× ÿ„U ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ’„ÈUà ’ÊÁ¤Ê‹ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊ ¡Ê∞ªÊ? ÄÿÊ Á‹ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ •ÊÒ⁄U Á∑§ÃŸÊ Á‹ÿÊ ¡Ê∞, Á∑§‚ ¬ÊΔU ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÄÿÊ ⁄UπÊ ¡Ê∞; ߟ ‚÷Ë ¬˝‡ŸÊ¥ ∑§ •Ê‹Ê∑§ ◊¥ ‚Á◊Áà Ÿ ∞∑§ ‚◊ãflÿŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ¬⁄U ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U „U⁄U ¿UÊ≈UË-‚-¿UÊ≈UË ’Êà ¬⁄U äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ– ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊÊÕ¸ ““◊ÒÿÊ ŒŒ •’Ë⁄UflÊ π‹’ „UÊ‹Ë”” ‹Ê∑§-ªËà „UÊ‹Ë ¬ÊΔU ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ, SflâòÊÃÊ ÁŒfl‚ ¬ÊΔU ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ““„U◊ŸË ∑§ Œ‚”” ∑§ÁflÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ““„U◊ŸË „°Uÿ ‚ ÁŸ◊Ÿ ‹Ò∑§Ê”” ’Ê‹ªËà ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ–

÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿ∞ ‚ÊœŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ‚Á◊Áà ∑§ ‚Ê◊Ÿ ¡Ê ŒÍ‚⁄UË øÈŸÊÒÃË ÕËófl„U ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ SflM§¬ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ÕË– Á¬¿U‹ ŒÊ-…UÊ߸ Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ •àÿÁœ∑§ ÉÊ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§◊ „UÊ ¡ÊŸ ‚ •Ê¡ •‚¢Åÿ ¿UÊòÊ ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ∑§Ê •¬ŸË ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ ¬Ífl¸¡Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ◊ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U– ∞‚Ë ÁSÕÁà ◊¥ Ÿ∞ ‚ÊœŸÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÍøŸÊ-¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë ∑§Ê •ÊüÊÿ ‹Ã „ÈU∞ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝fl‡Ê ¬˝÷Êfl‡ÊÊ‹Ë ⁄U„UÊ– ‚¢ªËà ÃÕÊ ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ ‹πŸ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ 96


©UŸ∑§ ‚◊ÃÈÀÿ ‡ÊÈh ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ‡ÊéŒ ÿÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ‡ÊéŒ Á‹∞ ¡Ê∞°ª– ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊÊÕ¸ ““‹Ê‹ ‹Ê‹ »Í§‹, ŸË‹Ê ŸË‹Ê »Í§‹, Á¬ÿ⁄U Á¬ÿ⁄U »Í§‹, ¤ÊÈ‹flÊ ¤ÊÍ‹ ¤ÊÈ‹flÊ ¤ÊÍ‹”” ªËà ◊¥ ◊ÊòÊ øÊ⁄U-¬Ê°ø „UË ∞‚ ‡ÊéŒ „Ò¥U Á¡ã„¥U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ‡ÊéŒ ∑§„UÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU •ãÿÕÊ ‡ÊéŒ-øÿŸ ∑§⁄UÃ ‚◊ÿ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬˝ÿÈÄà „UÊŸflÊ‹ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê „UË ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ÃÊ ŒË ªß¸– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-√ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ •ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‹¢’Ë ÿÊòÊÊ Ãÿ ∑§⁄UŸË ¬«∏UË– •¢Ã× Á„¢UŒË¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ‚◊Êfl‡Ê mÊ⁄UÊ fl„U ‚$»§‹ „ÈU߸ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ¬⁄US¬⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U fl ‚Ȍ΅∏UË∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊Êäÿ◊ ÷Ë ’ŸË– ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-√ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§ √ÿÊfl„UÊÁ⁄U∑§ ¬ˇÊ ¬⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄U-Áfl◊‡Ê¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§Ë ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ-¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ fláʸŸÊà◊∑§ Áfl‡‹·áÊ ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¡«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ë¥øŸflÊ‹Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê, •Ê¡ •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ-√ÿflSÕÊ ◊¥ •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ M§¬ ‚ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄U Á»§⁄U •¬ŸË ©U‚ •ÊÁŒ◊-÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU Á¡‚∑§Ë ¬ÈÁc≈U Development of Overseas Hindi ∑§ ‡ÊÊœ∑§Ãʸ ⁄UËøÊ«¸U ’Ê¡¸ ∑§ ß‚ ∑§ÕŸ ‚ „UÊÃÊ „ÒUó

‚◊ãflÿŸ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ß‚ ’Êà ¬⁄U ÷Ë äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ◊¥ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° •ÊÒ⁄U ªËÃ, ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ‚¢ªËà ÁŒfl‚, SflâòÊÃÊ ÁŒfl‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U •ÊÁŒ ∑§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝SÃÈÁà ∑§ Á‹∞ ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ß‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ „UË ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ •¬ŸÊ߸ ªß¸ ŸËÁÃÿÊ¥ ÿÊ ¬Á⁄UÿÊ¡ŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ-¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ë Ÿß¸ M§¬⁄UπÊ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ …UÊ‹Ê ªÿÊ–

Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‚‡ÊÁÄÃ∑§⁄UáÊ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ’„UŸÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ôÊÊ ŒË ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ∞‚Ë ŒÊ ’„UŸ¥ Á¡Ÿ∑§ M§¬-⁄¢Uª •ÊÒ⁄U „UÊfl-÷Êfl ◊¥ •Ÿ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸÃÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚◊ÊŸ äflÁŸÿÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ‚ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬⁄US¬⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U fl ‚Ȍ΅∏UË∑§⁄UáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë-ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ‡ÊéŒøÿŸ •ÊÁŒ ¬⁄U Áfl‡Ê· ’‹ ŒÃ „ÈU∞ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ’Ëø ÷˝◊ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ∑§Ê ∑§◊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ÷⁄U¬Í⁄U øc≈UÊ ∑§Ë ªß¸, •Ã— √ÿÊÉÊÊà ‚ ’øŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚$»§‹ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë •¬ŸË ∞∑§ •‹ª ¬„UøÊŸ „ÒU– ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË, ◊ª„UË, ◊ÒÁÕ‹Ë, •flœË, ’˝¡, ∑§ãŸÊÒ¡Ë •ÊÁŒ •Ÿ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚Áê◊üÊáÊ ‚ ÃÕÊ •ÊÒ¬ÁŸfl‡Ê∑§Ê‹ ◊¥ Áfl∑§Á‚à ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ◊¥ •Ê∑§⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ë •¬ŸË ‚Ȫ¢œ, •¬ŸË •ÁS◊ÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬„UøÊŸ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ë ∞∑§ Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ ÿ„U ÷Ë ⁄U„UË „ÒU Á∑§ ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ‚ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ©U‚Ÿ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∑§fl‹ ©UœÊ⁄U ◊¥ Ÿ„UË¥ Á‹ÿÊ, •Á¬ÃÈ ©Uã„¥U •¬ŸË ¬˝∑ΧÁà ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ …UÊ‹Ê– ∑ȧ¿U •Ê‹Êø∑§ ß‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ë ∑§◊ ÊÊ⁄UË ÷Ë ◊ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U– ‹Á∑§Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚◊Êfl‡Ê ¬⁄U Áfl‡Ê· äÿÊŸ ŒÃ „ÈU∞ ‚Á◊Áà Ÿ ÿ„U ÁŸáʸÿ Á‹ÿÊ Á∑§ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ √ÿÊÉÊÊà ‚ ’øŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑˝§•Ê‹-◊Ê⁄UËSÿ¥ ÿÊ »˝¥§ø ∑§ ¬˝÷Êfl ‚ •ÊŸflÊ‹ ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê Ÿ ‹∑§⁄U

“Bhojpuri should be maintained and encouraged for the sake of Hindi.”

•Ã— Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚‡ÊÁÄÃ∑§⁄UáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Êà‚Ê„UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ë •¬ŸË ◊„UûÊÊ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ©U‚∑§ ‚◊Êfl‡Ê ‚ ÃÕÊ ÷Ê·Ê-¬˝÷ÊflŸ ∑§ ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ‚ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ¬⁄US¬⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U fl ‚Ȍ΅∏UË∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ©UÀ‹πŸËÿ ∑§Êÿ¸ Á∑§∞ ª∞– ¬˝ÊäÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê, ÷Ê·Ê ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ∑¥§º˝, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ sundhya1501@gmail.com

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¿UΔUÊ ‚òÊ — $ªÒ⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË, •œ¸ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË fl Sflÿ¢ ‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U



v}. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ üÊË ÿ¢ÃÈŒfl ’ÈœÈ

◊ÊÚ

⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ∞‚Ë SflÒÁë¿U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° „Ò¥U ¡Ê ¬⁄UâòÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UÃË •Ê ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ߟ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê, •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê, •Êÿ¸ ⁄UÁflflŒ ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ∑§ ŸÊ◊ Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ ©UÀ‹πŸËÿ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUUŸ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‹π∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ, ߢº˝œŸÈ· ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ¬Á⁄U·Œ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒÍ ◊„UÊ‚÷Ê ÃÕÊ •ãÿ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° Á∑§‚Ë Ÿ Á∑§‚Ë M§¬ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ œ◊¸-¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– Á„U¢ŒË ‚¢ªΔUUŸ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ◊¥ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ß¸ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° „Ò¥U ¡Ê ˇÊòÊËÿ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„U¢ŒË S∑ͧ‹ ø‹ÊÃË „Ò¥Uóߟ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∞Ä‚≈¥U‡ÊŸ ÿÍÁŸ≈U ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ÷Ë ◊ÈπÁ⁄Uà „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– w Ÿfl¢’⁄U, v}xy ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ‚ „UË ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„U¢ŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ê üÊ˪áÊ‡Ê „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬˝Ê⁄U¢U÷ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹Êª ¬⁄US¬⁄U ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ◊¥ ’Ê‹Ã Õ– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ’ÒΔU ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ’ŸË– ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê¥ Ÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©Uà‚flÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬⁄U¢U¬⁄UÊ ∑§Ê ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄UπÊ– ‹Êª ©Uã„UË¥ SÕÊŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚Ê◊ÍÁ„U∑§ M§¬ ‚ „UÊ‹Ë ÿÊ ÁŒflÊ‹Ë ◊ŸÊÃ Õ– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ÁfløÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U „UÊÃÊ ÕÊ– ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊŸ ‹ªË– •ª⁄U ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ Ÿ „UÈ߸ „UÊÃË ÃÊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ©UÁøà ¬˝øÊ⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊ ¬ÊÃÊ– flÒ‚ ¬˝Ê. flÊ‚ÈŒfl ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹ ÃÊ πÈŒ ∞∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ SflM§¬ ©U÷⁄U∑§⁄U •Ê∞– Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U ÃÕÊ ‹πŸ ◊¥ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ √UÿÁÄêà M§¬ ‚ ¡Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ Á∑§ÿÊ fl„U ∞∑§ ’«∏UË Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ ∑§◊ Ÿ ÕÊ– œÊÁ◊¸∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ßã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§◊Ê‹ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ– ¬˝Ê. ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹ ªÊ°fl-ªÊ°fl ÃÕÊ ‡Ê„U⁄U-‡Ê„U⁄U œ◊¸-¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃ Õ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ◊Êäÿ◊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ÕË– Á„U¢ŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑Χà — ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á¡Ÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„U¢ŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊÃË „ÒU, ¬˝Êÿ— ©UŸ ‚÷Ë ¡ª„UÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚¢S∑Χà ∑§Ê ÷Ë ¬ΔUUŸ101

¬ÊΔUUŸ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ‚¢S∑Χà Œfl-flÊáÊË ∑§„U‹ÊÃË „ÒU– ÿ„U ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑§Ë ‚’‚ ¬È⁄UÊŸË ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ „ÒU– ‚¢S∑Χà ◊¥ Á„U¢ŒÍ œ◊¸ ∑§ ‹ª÷ª ‚÷Ë œ◊¸ª˝¢Õ Á‹π ª∞ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒÍ œ◊¸ ◊¥ ÿôÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Í¡Ê ‚¢S∑Χà ◊¥ „UË „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– ß‚Á‹∞ ߟ ª˝¢ÕÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UŸ-‚◊¤ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚¢S∑Χà ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ „UÊŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „ÒU– ‚¢S∑Χà ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÁfllÊ ÷flŸ, ◊È¢’߸ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ üÊË ‚ŸÊß œ◊˸ÿ ’˝ÊrÊÔáÊ ◊„UÊ ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– ¿UÊòÊ ’Ê‹’Êœ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ∑§ÊÁflŒ Ã∑§ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹Ã „Ò¥U– ߟ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~{w ‚ ‡ÊÈM§ „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ– ߟ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ◊¥ SflªË¸ÿ ¬¢Á«Uà ŒÊÒ‹Ã ⁄UÊ◊ ‡Ê◊ʸ ÃÕÊ ¬¢Á«Uà ¡ªŒË‡Ê ‡Ê◊ʸ ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– •Ê¡ „U ÊÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ‹Êª ߟ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹Ã „Ò¥U – ÿ„U ’Êà ©UÀ‹πŸËÿ „ÒU Á∑§ ∑ȧ¿U fl·ÊZ ‚ „U◊Ê⁄U ¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà ªáÊ ÷Ë ßŸ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ‚¢÷fl× ‚¢S∑Χà ‚¢ªΔUUŸ (Sanskrit Speaking Union) ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ „UÊ ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U ‚¢S∑Χà ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUUŸ ◊¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ªÁà •Ê ¡Ê∞ªË– ∞‚Ê „U◊Ê⁄UÊ Áfl‡flÊ‚ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ∑§Ê ’„ÈUà ’«∏UÊ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ vw ¡ÍŸ, v~w{ ◊¥ „ÈU߸ ÕË– Ã’ ‚ •’ Ã∑§ ‚÷Ê Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UÃË •Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ‚÷Ê ∑§Ê •ÊŒ‡Ê¸ flÊÄÿ „ÒU, “÷Ê·Ê ªß¸ ÃÊ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ªß¸”– ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ‚ •’ Ã∑§ ∑§ß¸ ∑§Êÿ¸∑§ÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÊ° •ÊßZ •ÊÒ⁄U ªßZ ¬⁄U „U⁄U ‚Á◊Áà ∑§Ê ∞∑§ „UË ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ⁄U„UÊóÁ„U¢ŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ– Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê •Ê¡ Ã∑§ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U π«∏UË „ÒU– ‚÷Ê ∑§ ‚ŒSÿ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ ‚flÊ÷Êfl ‚ „UË ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UÃ •Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ê ©UŒŒỖ ‡ÿ ÕÊ — ¬Í⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÁŸ—‡ÊÈÀ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ¬„È°UøÊŸÊ ÃÕÊ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒÍ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê·Ê ∞fl¢ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ–


‚Ÿ˜Ô v~zy ‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U Ÿ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U „UÊÃË „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ‚¢S∑Χà Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë √UÿflSÕÊ ∑§⁄U ß‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ÃÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë– ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ÷Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊÃË „ÒU– ‚÷Ê ∑§Ê ∞∑§ Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ ‚÷ʪÊ⁄U „ÒU ¡„UÊ° ¬⁄U SflÒÁë¿U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-∑§Êÿ¸ ’⁄UÊ’⁄U ∑§⁄UÃË ¬⁄U ‚÷Ê ∑§ ©Uà‚flÊ¥, ªÊÁcΔUUÿÊ¥, ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ•Ê¥, ∑§Áfl-‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ÃÕÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU¥– ‹ª÷ª xÆÆ ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ ∞fl¢ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ‚÷Ê ∞fl¢ ‚åÃÊ„Uʢà ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹ÃË „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ∑§⁄UË’Ÿ zÆÆ •äÿʬ∑§ ∑§Ë øÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ‡ÊÊπÊ∞° „Ò¥U ¡Ê Œ‡Ê ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬Ê߸ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „Ò¥U– •Ê¡ ‚÷Ë ‹Êª ÿ„U SflË∑§Ê⁄UÃ „Ò¥U Á∑§ v~flË¥ ‚ŒË ◊¥ ¡„UÊ° ¬⁄U ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ ÃÕÊ ‚åÃÊ„Uʢà ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ Ÿ ªÊ°fl-ªÊ°fl ◊¥ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê ’ŸÊ∞ Á¡Ÿ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUUŸ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~w{ ◊¥ ∑˝§fl ∑§⁄U ª˝Ê◊ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ∑§ãÿÊ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê πÊ‹Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ’Ë¡Ê⁄UÊ¬áÊ „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ– ߟ ªß¸ ¡„UÊ° ‹«∏UÁ∑§ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝’¢œ ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝Ê⁄U¢U÷ó “⁄UÊ◊ ªÁà Œ„Í°U ‚È◊ÁÔ ‚ „UÊÃÊ ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê¡ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ªfl¸ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ÷fl ∑§⁄UÃË Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U ‹«∏UÁ∑§ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚flÊ ÷ÊflŸÊ ‚ „UË Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊÃ „ÒU ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~w{ ◊¥ ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ôÊÊŸ ª¢ªÊ ¬Í⁄U ÁŒŸ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ë √UÿflSÕÊ ⁄U„U– ß‚ ‚flÊ ∑§Ê ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ŒÃ „ÈU∞ ‚÷Ê Ÿ ’„UÊ߸ ÕË, fl„U ª¢ªÊ-œÊ⁄UÊ ¬Í⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇÊÊ‚ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÕË– ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê ∞fl¢ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° — ‚÷Ê ‚ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ߟ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊¥ ’„UË– „U◊ ©U‚Ë Á„¢UŒË ôÊÊŸ ª¢ªÊ ∑§Ë ©U¬¡ „Ò¥U– ¬˝ÃË∑§Êà◊∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ÷ûÊÊ Œ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ, ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄U¢ œ⁄U ¬¢¡Ë∑Χà ‹ª÷ª v|z ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ ÃÕÊ •Õ¸√UÿflSÕÊ — Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë ∑§Êÿ¸ •ÊÁŒ Áfl‡fl ÁflÅÿÊà ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄U ¬ÒŒÊ „ÈU∞– ‚åÃÊ„Uʢà S∑ͧ‹ „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ∞fl¢ ∑§Ê ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§-√UÿflSÕÊ •‚¢Åÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ÁflmÊŸ ¬ÒŒÊ „ÈU∞– ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹ÃË „Ò¥U– ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë „UÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë Á∑§‚Ë Ÿ Á∑§‚Ë Ã⁄U„U ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ‚ SÕʬŸÊ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ߟ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ SÕʬŸÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ Sflÿ¢ ‚ÁflÿÊ¥ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢’¢œ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ∑§Ê ÁŸ⁄UˡÊáÊ, ¬⁄UˡÊáÊ ÃÕÊ ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ∞fl¢ ‚ÁflÿÊ¥ Ÿ ß‚ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ê ’„ÈUà πÍ’Ë ‚ ¬˝◊ÊáʬòÊ ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ‚÷Ê •¬Ÿ πø¸ ¬⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– ‚÷Ê ∑§ ∑§ß¸ ŒÊÃÊ „ÈU∞ Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ¬˝◊Èπ Õ SflªË¸ÿ üÊË ⁄UÊ◊ŒÊ‚ ⁄UÊ◊‹πŸ ¡Ê Áª⁄UœÊ⁄UË ÷ªÃ ‚ ¡ÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ߟ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¿UΔU Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ê ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ SÃ⁄U ¡ÊÃ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ¬⁄U ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ ¬⁄U •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Êà‚Ê„UŸ „UÃÈ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬È⁄US∑Χà Á∑§ÿÊ Á‹∞ •¬ŸË ‚Ê⁄UË ‚¢¬ÁûÊ ŒÊŸ ◊¥ Œ ŒË •ÊÒ⁄U πÈŒ ÃËÕ¸-ÿÊòÊÊ ∑§ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ∑§ß¸ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ∞fl¢ ¬˝◊ÊáÊÁ‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà ø‹ ª∞– ߟ‚ ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ¬Ê∑§⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ÿ ¬Ò‚ ÃÕÊ ¬òÊ ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ flÊÁ·¸∑§Êà‚flÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ©U‚ •¬ŸË Ê◊ËŸ¥ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ê ŒÊŸ ◊¥ ŒË¥– ß‚ Ã⁄U„U •Ê¡ Ã∑§ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ •Á÷÷Êfl∑§ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë •Ê◊¢ÁòÊà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ÈøÊL§ M§¬ ‚ ©Uã„UË¥ ŒÊÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ’ŒÊÒ‹Ã „UÊÃÊ •Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– zÆ fl·¸ ‚ •Áœ∑§ „UÊ øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U ¡’ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ‚÷Ê ∑§ ÷flŸ — Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ∑§ ÷flŸ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ÷Ë „ÒU ¡„UÊ° ‚åÃÊ„Uʢà ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ß‹Ê„UÊ’ÊŒ ‡Ê„U⁄U ‚ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÒ¡ãÿ ‚

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∑§ˇÊÊ ¬Á⁄Uøÿ ‚ ©UûÊ◊Ê (‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ⁄UàŸ) Ã∑§ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ÿ„U ∑§Êÿ¸ SflªË¸ÿ üÊË ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ ∑§Ë ∑§ÊÁ‡Ê‡Ê ∑§Ê ŸÃË¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ÿ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° •Ê¡ Ã∑§ „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– ߟ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê „U◊Ê⁄UË ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‚ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– ©UûÊ◊Ê (‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ⁄UàŸ) ∑§Ê Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ßŸ Á„¢UŒË (Diploma in Hindi) ∑§Ê Œ¡Ê¸ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ∑§Ë ∑§ÁΔUUŸÊ߸ ∑§Ê Œπ∑§⁄U ‚÷Ê Ÿ ¿UΔU Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ ∞fl¢ ¬Á⁄Uøÿ ∑§ ’Ëø ∑§Ë πÊ߸ ∑§Ë ¬ÍÁø ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ SÕÊŸËÿ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ (¬˝flÁ‡Ê∑§Ê) ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ Á¡‚◊¥ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ „UË ¿UÊòÊ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ’…∏UÃ „Ò¥U– •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ — fl·¸ ÷⁄U ◊¥ ‚÷Ê ÃËŸ ◊ÈÅÿ ©Uà‚flÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒUó¡ÍŸ ◊„UËŸ ◊¥ SÕʬŸÊ ÁŒfl‚– ß‚ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ∞∑§ ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ ªÊcΔUUË ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ªÊcΔUUË ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê øÈŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU Á¡‚¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷flŸ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ¿UÊòÊ •¬ŸË-•¬ŸË ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ¿UÊòÊ „UË ß‚ ªÊcΔUUË ∑§Ê ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚Ë ◊ÊÒ∑§ ¬⁄U ∞∑§ ÁflmÊŸ ∑§Ê •Ê◊¢ÁòÊà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU ¡Ê Á∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚ÈŸŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ •¬ŸÊ ÁfløÊ⁄U ¬˝∑§≈U ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU ÃÕÊ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊ʪ¸Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ÷Ë ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ¡È‹Ê߸-•ªSà ◊„UËŸ ∑§ ‹ª÷ª ÃÈ‹‚Ë ¡ÿ¢ÃË ∑§ ©U¬‹ˇÿ ¬⁄U ‚÷Ê Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ¬„U‹Ë ’Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚÷Ê Ÿ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~{z ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ÕÊ– Ã’ ‚ ß‚Ë •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ◊ŸÊŸ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ¬⁄U¢U¬⁄UÊ ’Ÿ ªß¸ „ÒU– ÃÈ‹‚Ë ¡ÿ¢ÃË ∑§ ©U¬‹ˇÿ ¬⁄U „UË ß‚ ÁŒfl‚ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ÄÿÊ¥? ‚÷Ê ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê Ÿ∑§Ê⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ ‚∑§ÃË Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ªÊSflÊ◊Ë ÃÈ‹‚ˌʂ ¡Ë mÊ⁄UÊ ⁄UÁøà üÊË⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ∑§Ê ’„ÈUà ’«∏UÊ ÿÊªŒÊŸ „ÒU– üÊË⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ‚ œ◊¸ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ÷Ë ¬˝øÊ⁄U „UÊÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ, ÷‹ „UË ©U‚ ª˝¢Õ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê •flœË „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ∑§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ¿UÊòÊ

üÊhÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ üÊË⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ∑§ ŒÊ„U ∞fl¢ øÊÒ¬ÊßÿÊ° ªÊÃ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ∑§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U „UË ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ∞fl¢ ¬˝◊ÊáÊ-¬òÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ‚◊ÊfløŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U ◊„UËŸ ◊¥ ◊ŸÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ◊ÊÒ∑§ ¬⁄U ©UûÊËáʸ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ∞fl¢ ¬˝◊ÊáÊ-¬òÊ ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ Œ‡Ê ∑§ ŒÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁflÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê, Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ „UÊ, ©Uã„¥U ““Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ‚ê◊ÊŸ”” ‚ Áfl÷ÍÁ·Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ∞° — ‹πŸ ∑§Ê ’…∏∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚÷Ê ‚◊ÿ‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U •Ÿ∑§ ‹πŸ-¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ß‚∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄UË ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ, flÊŒ-ÁflflÊŒ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ ÃÕÊ ∑§ÁflÃÊflÊøŸ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ ∑§Ê ÷Ë •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ‚÷Ê ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë L§Áø ∑§Ê ŒπÃ „ÈU∞ ∑§ÁflÃÊ-flÊøŸ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ •’ flÊÁ·¸∑§ „UÊŸ ‹ªÊ „ÒU– ¿UÊòÊ ß‚ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ ◊¥ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ÁŒ‹øS¬Ë ÁŒπÊÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U fl ’«∏UË ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹Ã „Ò¥U– ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê — ‚÷Ê ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ ÃÕÊ ‚åÃÊ„Uʢà S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ „U⁄U fl·¸ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ß‚ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ÃÕÊ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁflÁœ ¬⁄U •Áœ∑§ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ŒË ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ÃÕÊ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§ Á‹∞ ©UûÊ◊Ê (‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ⁄UàŸ) ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ‚÷Ê flÊÁ·¸∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ß‚‚ ¿UÊòÊ ‹Ê÷ÊÁãflà „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ — ÿ„U ÃÊ ‚fl¸ÁflÁŒÃ „ÒU Á∑§ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ-‚ΡŸ Á’ŸÊ ÷Ê·Ê •Êª Ÿ„UË¥ ’…∏U ‚∑§ÃË– Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ „UÊÃ „UË ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ‡ÊÈM§ „UÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~xz ◊¥ „UË ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ „USÃÁ‹Áπà “ŒÈªÊ¸” ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ÁŸ∑§‹ÃË ÕË– •Ê¡ ÷Ë ‚÷Ê ∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿ ◊¥ ŒÊ-ÃËŸ ¬˝ÁÃÿÊ° ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà „Ò¥U– ß‚ „USÃÁ‹Áπà ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ¬˝Áà ∑ȧ¿U ‚Ê‹ ¬„U‹ ÁŒÀ‹Ë ∑§Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ¬˝Œ‡Ê¸ŸË ◊¥ ÷Ë ⁄UπË ªß¸ ÕË–

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ß‚∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ‚÷Ê Ÿ ∑§ß¸ Ã⁄U„U ∑§Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ “‚Ȫ◊ Á„¢UŒË” ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ◊Ê‹Ê I–VI Ã∑§ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– SÕÊŸËÿ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝flÁ‡Ê∑§Ê ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ‚÷Ê Ÿ SÕÊŸËÿ ‹π∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ° ÃÕÊ SÕÊŸËÿ ∑§ÁflÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° ‚¢∑§Á‹Ã ∑§Ë „Ò¥U– ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UŸ ∑§Ë L§Áø ’…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚÷Ê “¬¢∑§¡” ŸÊ◊ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ òÊÒ◊ÊÁ‚∑§ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ SÕÊŸËÿ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ∞° ÷Ë „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– •’ Ã∑§ ‚÷Ê Ÿ “¬¢∑§¡” ∑§ ∑§ß¸ Áfl‡Ê·Ê¢∑§ ÷Ë ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà Á∑§∞ „Ò¥U– ‚÷Ê “Á„¢UŒË ÷flŸ ‚¢Œ‡Ê” ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ÷Ë ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê éÿÊÒ⁄UÊ ÃÕÊ ‚÷Ê ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ∞fl¢ ‚ÍøŸÊ∞° ‚ŒSÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÃÕÊ S∑ͧ‹ ∑§ ‚¢øÊ‹∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÷¡Ë ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ° — •Ê¡ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ªfl¸ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ÷fl ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~w{ ◊¥ ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ôÊÊŸ ª¢ªÊ ‚÷Ê Ÿ ’„UÊ߸ ÕË, fl„U ª¢ªÊ-œÊ⁄UÊ ¬Í⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇÊÊ‚ ◊¥ ’„UË– „U◊ ©U‚Ë Á„¢UŒË ôÊÊŸ ª¢ªÊ ∑§Ë ©U¬¡ „Ò¥U– „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ, ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄U¢ œ⁄U •ÊÁŒ Áfl‡fl ÁflÅÿÊà ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄U ¬ÒŒÊ „ÈU∞– •‚¢Åÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ÁflmÊŸ ¬ÒŒÊ „ÈU∞– ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê Á∑§‚Ë Ÿ Á∑§‚Ë Ã⁄U„U ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ‚ ‚¢’¢œ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‚¢øÊ⁄U ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ •ÁmÃËÿ „ÒU– ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ߢ≈U⁄UŸ≈U ‚¢øÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ŸflËŸÃ◊ ‚ÊœŸ „ÒU– ߢ≈U⁄UŸ≈U Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ∞∑§ Ÿß¸ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ŒË „ÒU– •Ê¡ ∑§ ÿȪ ◊¥ ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ߢ≈U⁄UŸ≈U ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§ Á’ŸÊ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •œÍ⁄UË ‚◊¤ÊË ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ∞∑§ fl’‚Êß≈U „ÒU ¡„UÊ° ‚÷Ê ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° ∞fl¢ ‚ÍøŸÊ∞° ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U, Á¡Ÿ‚ ¿UÊòÊ ‹Ê÷ ©UΔU Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ¿UÊòÊ ß-◊‹ ‚ ÷Ë ‚¢¬∑¸§ ⁄UπÃ „Ò¥U– ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄U ¬⁄U ≈¢U∑§Ÿ ∑§Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ ÷Ë ŒË ¡Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄U ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥

∑§Ê$»§Ë ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§∞ ¡Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ß-◊‹ mÊ⁄UÊ ÷Ë ÷¡Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ¿UÊòÊ ßŸ ‚ÈÁflœÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬Í⁄UÊ-¬Í⁄UÊ ‹Ê÷ ©UΔU Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– •Ã— •Ê¡ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ß‚ Ÿ∞ ©U¬∑§⁄UáÊ ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ◊Ë’ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ÷Ë ‚◊ÿ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ‚ÊÕ ø‹ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° — •Ê¡ ‚ø ÃÊ ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Áfl·ÿ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ÉÊ≈UÃË ¡Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ê ¬˝Õ◊ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „ÒU •Ê¡ËÁfl∑§Ê– ¿UÊòÊ •¬Ÿ ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄Uπ∑§⁄U „UË ∞‚Ê ‚ÊøŸ ¬⁄U ◊¡’Í⁄U „UÊ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ∑§Ë ’„ÈUà ∑§◊ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ß‚Á‹∞ ¿UÊòÊ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ Á«Uª˝Ë ∑§Ê‚¸ ÿÊ ©Uëø Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ’…∏UŸ ◊¥ ‚¢∑§Êø ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– •ª⁄U ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥, ¡Ò‚ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ã˸ „UÊŸ ‹ª ÃÊ ¡ÊŸ Á∑§ÃŸ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê •Ê¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ¬˝Êåà „UÊ ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU– ‚¢øÊ⁄U ÃÕÊ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ÷Ë ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° „UÊ ‚∑§ÃË „Ò¥U– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ë ∑§◊ ‚ÈÁflœÊ „ÒU– ÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ „UË ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– •ª⁄U ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ÿ„UÊ° •Áœ∑§ „UÊ ÃÊ ß‚ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° „UÊ ‚∑§ÃË „Ò¥U– ∞‚ ∑§ß¸ ¿UÊ≈U-◊Ê≈U ˇÊòÊ „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° „UÊ ‚∑§ÃË „Ò¥U– ÁŸc∑§·¸ — Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ •Ê߸– ©UŸ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ Ÿ ß‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ ¬‚ËŸ ‚ ‚Ë¥øÊ, •Êª ’…∏UÊÿÊ, ß‚∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§Ë– •’ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ $»§ ʸ ’ŸÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ◊‡ÊÊ‹ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U •Êª ø‹¥– ß‚∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ, •Êª ’…∏UÊŸÊ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ∑§Ã¸√Uÿ ’ŸÃÊ „ÒU– •äÿˇÊ, Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ’¢œÈ ª‹Ë, ◊Ê‚¸‹◊Ê° ‚¥≈U •Ê¢º˝ ashvin2409@hotmail.com

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÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬˝‡Ÿ ©UΔU ÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§’ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑Ò§‚ ‡ÊÈM§ „ÈU•Ê– ÿ„U ‚fl¸ÁflÁŒÃ „ÒU Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹Êª ¡’ ÿ„UÊ° •Ê∑§⁄U ’‚ ª∞ Ã’ ÿ„U Œ‡Ê “‹ÉÊÈ ÷Ê⁄UÔ ∑§„U‹ÊŸ ‹ªÊ– ‚ŸÔ˜ v}xy ‚ ‡Êø’¢Œ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ •Êª◊Ÿ •Ê⁄U¢U÷ „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ÿ-∑§Ê‹ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~vz Ã∑§ ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄U„UÊ– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •ÊŸflÊ‹ üÊÁ◊∑§ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ŒÁ⁄Uº˝ •fl‡ÿ Õ ¬⁄U ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ πÊ‹Ë „UÊÕ •ÊÃ Ÿ Õ– •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê∞°, •¬ŸÊ œ◊¸, •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ, •¬ŸË ¡ËflŸ-¬hÁà Á‹∞ •ÊÃ Õ– ‚’‚ ’«∏UË ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ üÊÁ◊∑§ ¬Á‡ø◊Ë Á’„UÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ífl˸ ©UûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê ∑§ ©UŸ SÕÊŸÊ¥ ‚ Õ, ¡„UÊ° ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ’Ê‹Ë ¡ÊÃË ÕË– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÁŒŸ÷⁄U ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ‹flÊ ◊„UŸÃ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ⁄UÊÁòÊ∑§Ê‹ ◊¥ »Í§‚ ∑§ ’Ÿ ¤ÊÊ¥¬«∏UÊ¥ ◊¥ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ øøʸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§òÊ „UÊÃ Õ– ÿ ¤ÊÊ¥¬«∏U “’ÒΔU ∑§Ê” ∑§„U‹ÊÃ Õ– ÿ„UË ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê ©UŸ üÊÁ◊∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ÕÊ ¡„UÊ° ∑ȧ¿U ‚◊ÿ ’ÒΔU ∑§⁄U “⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚” ¬⁄U ‚à‚¢ª Á∑§ÿÊ ∑§⁄UÃ Õ– ⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚ ∑§Ë øÊÒ¬ÊßÿÊ¥ ∑§ •Õ¸ ∑§Ê ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ◊¥ „UË ‚◊¤ÊÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– ÿ„UË ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË •Êª ø‹∑§⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ŸË¥fl ’ŸË– ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬ ∑ȧ¿U∑§ ∑§◊ ¬…∏U ¡ŸÊ¥ Ÿ Á„¢UŒËÁ‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ’Ë¡Ê⁄UÊ¬áÊ Á∑§ÿÊ–

Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ∑§Ê‹Ê¢Ã⁄U ◊¥ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ◊¥, Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ÃÊ

ŒË ªß¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝ÁÃÁŒŸ ⁄UÊà ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ∞∑§ ÉÊ¢≈UÊ ß‚ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊŸ ‹ªÊ– ÿ„U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U „UÊÃÊ ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚∑§ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ flÿS∑§ ÷Ë „UÊÃ Õ– ∑§ß¸ ’Ê⁄U ÃÊ ’ʬ •ÊÒ⁄U ’≈UÊ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ∞∑§ „UË ∑§ˇÊÊ ◊¥ ‚ÊÕ ’ÒΔU ∑§⁄U ¬…∏UÃ Õ– ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ fláʸ◊Ê‹Ê •Ê⁄¢U÷ ∑§⁄UŸ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ ÁfllÊÕ˸ •¬ŸË ¬Ê≈UË ¬⁄U ∞∑§ ‚ÍÁÄà Á‹πÃ Õ, ÿÕÊó“⁄UÊ◊ʪÁÃŒ„ÈU‚È◊ÁÔ– ß‚ ‚ÍÁÄà ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ fl ÷ªflÊŸ ⁄UÊ◊ ‚ •ë¿UË ’ÈÁh ∑§Ë ¬˝ÊÕ¸ŸÊ ∑§⁄UÃ Õ ÃÊÁ∑§ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ ¬˝ªÁà ∑§⁄U ‚∑¥§– ’ÒΔU ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊŸflÊ‹ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê Ÿ Á„¢UŒË √UÿÊ∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿ „UË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-ÁflÁœ ∑§Ê– fláÊÊZ ∑§Ë ⁄U≈UÊ߸ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊÃË ÕË– ¿UÊòÊ ’Ê⁄U„Uπ«∏UË ∑§Ê ⁄U≈UŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ‡ÊéŒ-ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ‚ËπÃ Õ– •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ÿ ∑§ •Ê⁄¢UÁ÷∑§ fl·ÊZ ◊¥ ∞S≈U≈U ◊ÊÁ‹∑§Ê¥ Ÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ŒÊ‚ ¡Ò‚Ê √Uÿfl„UÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– ‚ŸÔ˜ v}xz ‚ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v}{z Ã∑§ ∑§Ê ‚◊ÿ ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ ’«∏UÊ „UË ∑§c≈U◊ÿ ÕÊ– ß‚ ‚¢’¢œ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ¬˝Á‚h ÁflmÊŸ üÊË ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ Á‹πÃ „Ò¥Uó ““ÃË‚ fl·ÊZ ∑§Ê ÿ„U ‚◊ÿ, Á¡‚◊¥ •Ê¬˝flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ œ◊¸, •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ’…∏UÊÃ⁄UË ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷ªË⁄UÕ ¬˝ÿàŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ¬«∏U, •Ÿ∑§ ∑§ÁΔUUŸÊßÿÊ¥ ‚ ÷⁄UÊ „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ–”” ÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢Á‡ÊÿÊ¥ ∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ-•Êª◊Ÿ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ ÿ„UÊ° ∑§Ë ŒÊ ¬˝◊Èπ ÷Ê·Ê∞°, •¢ª˝ ÊË •ÊÒ⁄U $»˝¥§ø ÕË¥– ߸‚Ê߸ œ◊¸ ¬˝øÁ‹Ã ÕÊ– ŒÊ‚-¬˝ÕÊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã •Ê∞ „ÈU∞ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹Êª Ãà∑§Ê‹ËŸ ‡ÊÊ‚∑§Ê¥ ∑§ œ◊¸ ∑§ •ŸÈÿÊÿË ’Ÿ ª∞ Õ– øÍ°Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ üÊÁ◊∑§ •¬Ÿ ŒflË-ŒflÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚ÊÕ ‹ •Ê∞ Õ, ß‚Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ Á„¢UŒÍ œ◊¸ ∑§Ê àÿʪŸÊ ¬Ê¬ ‚◊¤ÊÃ Õ– ⁄UÊÚÿ ¡Ë Á‹πÃ „Ò¥Uó““∞S≈U≈U ◊ÊÁ‹∑§ fl ©UŸ∑§Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ŒÊŸÊ¥ „UË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •Ê¬˝flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ©Uà‚Ê„U, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ŒÎ…∏UË∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§ ¬˝ÿàŸ •ÊÒ⁄U $πÊ‚ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U „U⁄U ∞S≈U≈U ◊¥ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§∞ ª∞ ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ Á„¢UŒË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ‚ Ê⁄UÊ ÷Ë πÈ‡Ê Ÿ„UË¥ Õ– ©Uã„¥U ÿ„U ¡ÊŸŸ ∑§Ë ’«∏UË ©Uà‚È∑§ÃÊ ÕË Á∑§ ªËÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ ◊¥ ÄÿÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏U∑§⁄U •¬ŸË ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄UπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ

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ßß √Uÿª˝ ÄÿÊ¥ „Ò¥U! ¡’ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ ’«∏UÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á„¢UŒË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÃ ŒπÊ ÃÊ •ÊâÁ∑§Ã „UÊ ª∞ •ÊÒ⁄U S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ¬⁄U Œ’Êfl «UÊ‹Ÿ ‹ª–”” ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •Ê¬˝flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§ NUŒÿ ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ œ◊¸, •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ’‚Ë „ÈU߸ ÕË– ©Uã„¥U ߸‚Ê߸ ’ŸÊŸ ◊¥ ߸‚Ê߸ ¬ÊŒÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ Ÿ ∑§Ê߸ ∑§‚⁄U ’Ê∑§Ë Ÿ„UË¥ ¿UÊ«∏UË– ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊŸflÊ‹ ‚◊Á¬¸Ã ‚fl∑§Ê¥ Ÿ ©UŸ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§Ë–

‚ŸÊß œÁ◊¸ÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ÿ ∑§ •Ê⁄¢UÁ÷∑§ Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUUŸ∑§Êÿ¸ „USÃÁ‹Áπà ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ „UÊÃÊ ÕÊ– üÊË ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ ¡Ë Á‹πÃ „Ò¥Uó““∑ȧ¿U ’⁄U‚Ê¥ Ã∑§ „U⁄U ‡ÊÊ◊ ÉÊ¢≈U ŒÊ ÉÊ¢≈U ’ÒΔU ∑§⁄U Ÿ Á◊≈UŸflÊ‹Ë SÿÊ„UË ◊¥ ‚⁄U∑¢§«U ∑§Ë ∑§‹◊ ’Ê⁄U-’Ê⁄U∑§⁄U ¬Í⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ Ÿ∑§‹ ∑§⁄UÃ •ÊÒ⁄U ÿÊ¥ œ◊¸ ∑§ ¬˝Áà •¬Ÿ ©Uà‚Ê„U ∑§Ê •Á÷√UÿÄà Á∑§ÿÊ ∑§⁄UÃ Õ– ’„ÈUà ‚ ‹Êª ¡Ê ÷Ë Á∑§ÃÊ’ „UÊÕ ‹ª ¡ÊÃË, ©U‚Ë ∑§Ë Ÿ∑§‹ ∑§⁄U «UÊ‹Ã Õ, Á»§⁄U fl„U ∑§’Ë⁄U, ‚Í⁄UŒÊ‚ ÿÊ ŸÊŸ∑§ ∑§ ÷¡Ÿ, •ÊÀ„UÊπ¢«U ÿÊ ‚Ê⁄U¢Uªœ⁄U ∑§Ë ∑§„UÊŸË „UË ÄÿÊ¥ Ÿ „UÊ–”” ∑ȧ¿U ∞‚ ¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà Õ ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •À¬ ôÊÊŸ ⁄UπÃ Õ– fl •¬Ÿ Á„¢UŒË-ôÊÊŸ ‚ ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê œ◊¸-⁄UˇÊáÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃ Õ– ߟ üÊhÊ‹È ¬¢Á«UÃ-¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃÊ¥ Ÿ •¬Ÿ •À¬ Á„¢UŒË ôÊÊŸ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ‚ŸÊß œ◊¸ ∑§Ë œÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝flÊÁ„Uà ∑§Ë– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§ß¸ ’ÒΔU ∑§ ’ŸflÊ∑§⁄U •¬ŸË ÁflÁœ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‚ÊœÊ⁄UáÊ ôÊÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ– «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U ◊ȟˇfl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ ¡Ë “’ÒΔU ∑§Ê” ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ Á‹πÃ „Ò¥Uó¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ê •Ê⁄U¢U÷ ߸‡Ê-fl¢ŒŸÊ ‚ „UÊÃÊ ÕÊ ÿÕÊó ‚⁄U-‚⁄U-‚⁄U-‚⁄U ‚Ÿ¤ÊÊ∑§Ê⁄UË– ‚ÊŸ M§¬ Áª⁄Ufl⁄U œÊ⁄UËH ¡ ¡ÊŸ Áª⁄Ufl⁄U ∑§ ÷fl– ÁŸÃ ©UΔU ¬Í¡ ªŸ¬Ã ŒflH ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ˇÊ⁄U-ôÊÊŸ ’«∏U ÁflÁøòÊ …¢Uª ‚ ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ–

¡Ò‚ó ¬Á„U‹ - “∑§” ŒÍ‚⁄U - “π” ªÈÁŸÿÊ - “ª” ¿UÃÊ - “¿U” ¡ŸflÊ - “¡” ¬„UŸflÊ - “¬” ÃËŸ∑§ÊÁŸÿÊ - “ÿ” •ÊÁŒ– ◊ÊòÊÊ ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ÿÊ ’Ê⁄U„U π«∏UË ∑§Ê •èÿÊ‚ ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊó ∑§ ◊¥ ∑§ÊŸÍŸ - ∑§Ê ∑§ ◊¥ Á„U⁄UÁ‚Ÿ - Á∑§ ∑§ ◊¥ ŒË⁄UÁÉÊŸ - ∑§Ë ∑§ ◊¥ ÃÊM§∑ȧŸ - ∑ȧ ∑§ ◊¥ ’ʡ͸Ÿ - ∑ͧ ∑§ ◊¥ ∞∑§‹ - ∑§ ∑§ ◊¥ ŒÊ‹Ò - ∑Ò§ ∑§ ◊¥ ∑§Ê◊¸Ã - ∑§Ê ∑§ ◊¥ ŒÍ¡∑§ŸÊÒ - ∑§ÊÒ ∑§ ◊¥ ◊Ê¢SÃ - ∑¢§ ∑§ ◊¥ ŒÈ’Ê‚Ë - ∑§— ß‚ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬hÁà ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§Ê ¬˝÷Êfl S¬c≈U ¬Á⁄U‹ÁˇÊà „ÒU– ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Sfl⁄U-√Uÿ¢¡Ÿ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊòÊÊ∞° ∑˝§◊ ‚ ⁄U≈UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË ÕË¥– fl œË⁄U-œË⁄U ‡ÊéŒÊ¥, Á»§⁄U flÊÄÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UŸ ◊¥ ‚◊Õ¸ „UÊÃ Õ– ÕÊ«∏UË ‚Ë ÁªŸÃË ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ÷Ë ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ ¡Ë •Êª Á‹πÃ „Ò¥Uó ¬„UÊ«∏U ∑§Ê •èÿÊ‚ ß‚ ∑˝§◊ ‚ „UÊÃÊ ÕÊó ŒÍ - ß∑§Ê߸ ó ŒÍ ŒÍ - ŒÈÿÊ° ó øÊ⁄U

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ŒÍ - ÃËÿÊ° ó ¿UÊÒ ŒÍ - øÊÒ∑§ ó •ÊΔUU ŒÍ - ¬Ê°ø ó Œ‚ ŒÍ - ¿U∑§ ó ’Ê⁄U„U ŒÍ - ‚ÊÃ ó øÊÒŒ„U ŒÍ - •ÊΔU ó ‚Ê‹„U ŒÍ - Ÿfl ó •ΔUUÊ⁄U„U ŒÍ - Œ„UÊ߸ ó ’Ë‚ ©UŸ ÁŒŸÊ¥ ŒflŸÊª⁄UË Á‹Á¬ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ „UË ∑Ò§ÕË Á‹Á¬ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „UÊÃÊ ÕÊ– “’ÒΔU ∑§Ê•Ê¥” ◊¥ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Ÿ „UÊŸ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÃÈ‹‚Ë∑Χà ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U „UŸÈ◊ÊŸ øÊ‹Ë‚Ê ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ “’Ê‹ÁøòÊ ’Êœ”, “ŒÊŸ‹Ë‹Ê”, “ÃÊÃÊ-◊ÒŸÊ” •ÊÁŒ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬ΔUUŸ-¬ÊΔUUŸ „ÈU•Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ ÕÊ– ∑§„UË¥-∑§„UË¥ “∑È°§fl⁄U Áfl¡ÿ◊‹”, “•ÊÀ„UÊ π¢«U”, “’Ë⁄U’‹ ÁflŸÊŒ” ‚ ÷Ë ∑§Ê◊ Á‹ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ •Ê∞ „ÈU∞ ¬¢Á«Uà ªÊÁfl¢Œ ÁòÊflŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ß¸ •ãÿ ¡ŸÊ¥ Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ¬˝fløŸ ∑§⁄U∑§ •Ÿ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ NUŒÿ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ¬˝◊ ¬ÒŒÊ Á∑§ÿÊ– SÕÊŸËÿ ‚ŸÊÃŸË Á„¢UŒË ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚ÍøË ‹¢’Ë „ÒU– ªÃ ‡ÊÃË ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U∑§ ŸÊ◊ Áø⁄US◊⁄UáÊËÿ „Ò¥U, ¡Ò‚ üÊË Ÿ⁄U‚Ë ◊È‹È⁄UÊ◊ ‚Ê◊Ë, ¬¢Á«Uà ⁄UÊ◊Êflœ ‡Ê◊ʸ, ¬¢Á«Uà ŒflŒûÊ ‡Ê◊ʸ, ¬¢Á«Uà ©U◊ʇʢ∑§⁄U Áª⁄U¡ÊŸ¢Œ •ÊÁŒ– ÖÿÊ¥-ÖÿÊ¥ ‚◊ÿ ’…∏UÃÊ ªÿÊ àÿÊ¥-àÿÊ¥ œ◊¸ ¬˝Á◊ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ©Uà‚Ê„U ÷Ë ’…∏UÃÊ ªÿÊ– ‚ŸÊß œÁ◊¸ÿÊ¥ Ÿ “⁄UÊ◊øÁ⁄UÃ◊ÊŸ‚” •ÊÒ⁄U œ◊¸¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ ŒflÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ◊Êäÿ◊ ’ŸÊÿÊ– ∑§ß¸ Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ŸÊß œ◊¸ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U ¬Á⁄U·Œ” ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ „ÈU߸– flø◊ÊŸ ◊¥ ÿ„U ¬Á⁄U·Œ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ÷ÊflË ¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ Œ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ∑§ÕÊ-flÊûÊʸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ∑§ÊÿÊZ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ „UÊÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– «UÊÚ. ◊ȟˇfl⁄U‹Ê‹ Áø¢ÃÊ◊ÁáÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ⁄UπÊ¢Á∑§Ã ©U¬ÿȸÄà Á‡ÊˇÊáÊÁflÁœ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª •Ÿ∑§ SflÒÁë¿U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~yÆ Ã∑§ „UÊÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ– ß‚ ÁflÁœ ∑§Ê ¬Íáʸ× •¢Ã ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U flÊ‚ÈŒfl ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹ •ÊÒ⁄U

÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ •Ê∞ ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ⁄UÊ◊¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê ¡Ë ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ©UÃ⁄UŸ ‚ „ÈU•Ê– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~y~ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ÁŸ◊¢òÊáÊ ¬⁄U ¬˝Ê»$ § ‚⁄U ⁄UÊ◊¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê ¡Ë Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U •ãÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊäÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê∞– fl ◊„UÊŸ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‡ÊÊSòÊË Õ– fl ÿ„UÊ° ÃËŸ Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ Ã∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊„UÊÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„U– ¿UÊòÊÊäÿʬ∑§Ê¥ Ÿ ©UŸ‚ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁflÁœ, ∑§ˇÊÊäÿʬŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ê‹ ◊ŸÊÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬ÊÿÊ– ©UŸ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà •äÿʬ∑§-•äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° Ÿ ∑§fl‹ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊÃ Õ, ¬˝àÿÈà ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ ∞fl¢ ⁄UÁflflÊ⁄UËÿ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ‹ª– ÁfllÊÕ˸ Ÿß¸ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁflÁœ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ •Á¡¸Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ‹ª– ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹ ∞fl¢ ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ⁄UÊ◊¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ “•Êÿ¸ ¬⁄UÊ¬∑§ÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê”, “•Êÿ¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê”, “ªËÃÊ ◊¢«U‹”, “Á„¢UŒÍ ◊„UÊ‚÷Ê”, “ÁË∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ”, “Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” •ÊÁŒ SflÒÁë¿U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ‚¢‹ÇŸ ÕË¥– ©U¬ÿȸÄà ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚¢ÁˇÊåà ¬Á⁄Uøÿ ÁŸêŸ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „ÒUó

ªËÃÊ ◊¢«U‹ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~wÆ ◊¥ “ªËÃÊ ◊¢«U‹” ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ „ÈU߸– ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ªËÃÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÕÊ– ÿ„U ∑§Êÿ¸ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ „UË „UÊÃ Ê ÕÊ– »§‹Ã— ’„ÈUÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝⁄ UáÊÊ Á◊‹Ë–

Á„¢UŒÍ ◊„UÊ‚÷Ê “Á„¢UŒÍ ◊„UÊ‚÷Ê” ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~wz ◊¥ „ÈU߸– ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ Ÿ “ªËÃÊ” •ÊÒ⁄U “⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ” ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° •Ê⁄U¢U÷ ∑§Ë¥– ߟ ª˝¢ÕÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’„ÈUà ‚ ‹Êª Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ ‹ª–

ÁË∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ vw ¡ÍŸ, v~w{ ∑§Ê ◊Ê¥ÃÊ߸ ‹Ê¥ª ª˝Ê◊ ◊¥ “ÁË∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ” ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ üÊË Áª⁄UœÊ⁄UË ÷ªÃ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊‹Ê‹ ◊¢ª⁄U ÷ªÃ ¡Ë ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ „ÈU߸– ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝◊Èπ ©UŒŒ˜Ô ‡ÿ ÕÊóÁ„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ–

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Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê

„U ÊÊ⁄U ÁfllÊÕ˸ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ©UûÊËáʸ „UÊ øÈ∑§ „ÒU¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ “ÁË∑§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ” ◊¥ „UË wy ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U, v~xz ∑§Ê “Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‹ª÷ª ÃËŸ „U ÊÊ⁄U ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ∞° ©UûÊËáʸ „Ò¥U– “•Êÿ¸ ⁄UÁflflŒ ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” ∑§ “œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ Áfl÷ʪ” ‚÷Ê” Ÿ ¡ã◊ Á‹ÿÊ– ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ Ÿ •¬Ÿ SÕʬŸÊ-∑§Ê‹ ‚ •’ Ã∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ× √UÿÊ∑§⁄UáÊ ‚ê◊à •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U- mÊ⁄UÊ ÷ÊflË ¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃ-¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ¬˝‚Ê⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– “Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” mÊ⁄UÊ •Ê⁄¢UÁ÷∑§ ∑§Ê‹ ◊¥ “¬Á⁄Uøÿ” Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¿UÊòÊ ¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÃËŸ fl·ÊZ Ã∑§ flÒÁŒ∑§ ∑§◊¸∑§Ê¢«U •ÊÒ⁄U flÒÁŒ∑§ Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ŒË ¡ÊÃË •ÊÒ⁄U “¬˝Õ◊Ê” ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° øÊ‹Í ∑§Ë ªßZ– „ÒU– ©Uã„¥U ß‚ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ÃËŸ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~{Æ ∑§ Œ‡Ê∑§ ◊¥ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥, “¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà ¬˝’Êœ”, “¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà ¬˝ÿʪ mÊ⁄UÊ “◊äÿ◊Ê” •ÊÒ⁄U “©UûÊ◊Ê” ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ „ÈUßZ– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U SflÊ◊Ë SflâòÊÊŸ¢Œ¡Ë ◊„UÊ⁄UÊ¡ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ ⁄UàŸ” •ÊÒ⁄U “¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà ÁŸÁœ” ◊¥ ©UûÊËáʸ Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ¬˝ÿʪ ∑§Ë v~vw ◊¥ ¬¢Á«Uà •Êà◊Ê⁄UÊ◊ Áfl‡flŸÊÕ¡Ë ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ „UÊŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒU– ¿UÊòÊ-¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚÷Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ŒË– ߟ •Ê øÈ∑§ Õ– fl Á„¢UŒË ∑§ •ë¿U ‹π∑§ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ‚ÈÿÊÇÿ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U ¡Ê ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ©UûÊËáʸ „ÈU∞ ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ ‹Êª ∑§ß¸ Á„¢UŒË ¬òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚¢¬ÊŒŸ Á∑§ÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ªÈL§∑ȧ‹ ∑§Ê¢ª«∏UË ‚ “•ÊøÊÿ¸” ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ ÁŸÿÈÄà „ÈU∞– •Ÿ∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ Á‹πË¥– fl Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •Êÿ¸ ‚ Áfl÷ÍÁ·Ã „UÊ∑§⁄U •Ê∞ „Ò¥U– ߟ •ÊøÊÿÊZ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ◊¢ø ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U-∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ‹¢’ ‚◊ÿ Ÿ ªÃ Œ‚ fl·ÊZ ◊¥ ¬Ê°ø ‚ÊÒ ¬¢Á«UÕÊÿ¸ ⁄UÁflflŒ ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ¬¢Á«UÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ÿ ‚÷Ë “•Êÿ¸ ⁄UÁflflŒ ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” ∑§Ë Ã∑§ ⁄Uà ⁄U„U– ’„ÈUÃÊ¥ Ÿ ©UŸ‚ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§Ë “•Êÿ¸ ⁄UÁflflŒ ‚÷Ê” ∑§Ë ÁflÁ÷㟠SÕʬŸÊ v~xÆ ◊¥ „ÈU߸– ß‚∑§Ê ¬¢¡Ë∑§⁄UáÊ ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ¬Ê߸– SflÊ◊Ë SflâòÊÊŸ¢Œ¡Ë Á„¢UŒË-‚¢S∑Χà ‡ÊÊπÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ œ◊¸ v~xy ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê– ß‚ ‚÷Ê ∑§ ¬˝◊π È ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U ÁflmÊŸ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ √UÿÊåà ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– „Ò¥UóÁ„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ flÒÁŒ∑§ œ◊¸ ∑§Ê •¢œ ¬⁄U¢U¬⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÁfllÊ ¬⁄U ∑§Ê»§Ë ¬˝„UÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ, •¬Ÿ ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ ÷flŸ •Ÿ∑§ ªÊ°flÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÒŒ‹ ¬„È°Uø∑§⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ª„U‹Êà ⁄UÊ¡¬Íà ◊„UÊ‚÷Ê “ª„U‹Êà ⁄UÊ¡¬Íà ◊„UÊ‚÷Ê” ∑§Ë ◊¥ ÷ÊflË ¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃ-¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê πÊ‹Ë¥– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ŒÊ fl·¸ ÿ„UÊ° ⁄U„U∑§⁄U ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ SÕʬŸÊ v~{y ◊¥ „ÈU߸– ß‚∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ∑§⁄UŸÊ, •¬ŸË ‡ÊÊπÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ √UÿÁÄÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ©Uã◊Èπ Á∑§ÿÊ– ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿ “◊„UÊ⁄UÊŸÊ ¬˝Ãʬ ª‹Ë”, ¬Ê≈¸U ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ‹È߸ ◊¥ ¬ÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊŸÊ •ÊÁŒ– ◊ÈÅÿ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ flÒÁŒ∑§ œ◊¸ ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄Uß‚ ‚÷Ê Ÿ •¬Ÿ ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ë ¬ÍÁø ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§ß¸ ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ªÁΔUUà Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– “Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ Áfl÷ʪ ‚Á◊ÁÔ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ ¬¢Á«UÃ-¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ „UË ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ß‚ ‚◊ÿ ß‚ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ÃË‚ ‡ÊÊπÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‚ ÷ÊflË ¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÄUÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ߟ ‡ÊÊπÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬„U‹Ë ‚ ¿UΔU Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ ¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ „UË ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ “¬˝flÁ‡Ê∑§Ê”, “¬Á⁄Uøÿ”, “¬˝Õ◊Ê”, “◊äÿ◊Ê” •ÊÒ⁄U “©UûÊ◊Ê” ◊ÊŸfl ‚flÊ ÁŸÁœ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË ∑§⁄UflÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ªÃ Œ‚ fl·ÊZ ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ ¬¢º˝„U ß‚ Sflÿ¢‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‚ ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ 108


∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ‚÷Ë ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ „UË ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ÷¡Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ-ªÊŸ mÊ⁄UÊ Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ŒË ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– “◊ÊŸfl ‚flÊ ÁŸÁœ” ∑§ß¸ fl·ÊZ Ã∑§ “SflŒ‡Ê” ŸÊ◊∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬òÊ ÁŸ∑§Ê‹ÃË ⁄U„UË– ∑§„UŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ Ÿ •¬Ÿ ÁflÁflœ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ¬˝‡Ê¢‚ŸËÿ ∑§Êÿ¸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU–

¡ŸÊ¢ŒÊ‹Ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ üÊË flÊ‚ÈŒfl ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹ ÷Ê⁄Uà ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ “•Êÿ¸ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ‚÷Ê” ∑§ ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ‚ŒSÿ Õ– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~x~ ◊¥ fl ∑§‹∑§ûÊÊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ∞◊.∞. ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ‚ Áfl÷ÍÁ·Ã „UÊ∑§⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‹ÊÒ≈U– SflŒ‡Ê ‹ÊÒ≈UÃ „UË ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ œ◊¸-¬˝øÊ⁄U ¬˝Ê⁄U¢U÷ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ •¬Ÿ ¡ŸÊ¢ŒÊ‹Ÿ ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ xÆÆ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° πÊ‹Ë¥– fl œ◊¸-¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U SòÊË-¬ÈL§·Ê¥ ‚ ÿ„U ªÊŸÊ ªflÊÿÊ ∑§⁄UÃó ““¬…∏UÊ Á„¢UŒÍ ‚÷Ë Á„¢UŒËó•, •Ê, ß, ߸– ÿ„U ´§Á·ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê „ÒUó∑§, π, ª, ÉÊ,...–”” ¬¢Á«Uà ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹ ¡Ë Ÿ Á„¢UŒÈ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ øÃŸÊ ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§Ë– ©UŸ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã “¡ŸÊ¢ŒÊ‹Ÿ” Ÿ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊ÊÁ¡ÿÊ¥ ÃÕÊ ‚ŸÊÃÁŸÿÊ¥ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê „UË Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒÍ œ◊¸ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U •Ê∑Χc≈U Á∑§ÿÊ–

∑§ ¡Ÿ∑§ ◊„UÁ·¸ ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ‚⁄USflÃË ∑§Ê •◊⁄U ª˝¢Õ “‚àÿÊÕ¸¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê” „ÒU– ÿ„U ª˝¢Õ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑Ò§‚ ¬„È°UøÊ? ÿ„U ÉÊ≈UŸÊ ’«∏UË ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ „ÒU– ‚ŸÔ˜ v}~} ◊¥ Á’˝Á≈U‡Ê ‚ŸÊ ◊¥ Á‚¬Ê„UË ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ’¢ªÊ‹ ⁄UÁ¡◊¥≈U ‚ ∑ȧ¿U ’¢ªÊ‹Ë Á‚¬Ê„UË ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê∞– ©UŸ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ ∑§Ê ŸÊ◊ ÷Ê‹ÊŸÊÕ ÁÃflÊ⁄UË ÕÊ– fl ◊„UÁ·¸ ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ∑§ ∑§Ê‹¡ÿË ª¢˝Õ “‚àÿÊÕ¸¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê” ‚ÊÕ ‹ •Ê∞ Õ– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~Æw ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‹ÊÒ≈UÃ ‚◊ÿ fl •¬Ÿ ÇflÊ‹, Á÷πÊ⁄UË Á‚¢„U ¡Ë ∑§Ê fl„U ¬ÈSÃ∑§ Œ ª∞– Á÷πÊ⁄UË Á‚¢„U Ÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ π◊‹Ê‹ ‹Ê‹Ê ŸÊ◊∑§ √UÿÁÄà ∑§Ê Œ ŒË– π◊‹Ê‹ ‹Ê‹Ê “‚àÿÊÕ¸¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê” ¬…∏U∑§⁄U •àÿ¢Ã ¬˝÷ÊÁflà „ÈU∞– »§‹Ã— ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~Æx ◊¥ •¬Ÿ ŒÊ ‚ÊÁÕÿÊ¥óªÈL§¬˝‚ÊŒ Œ‹¡ËËʋ •ÊÒ⁄U ¡ª◊Ê„UŸ ªÊ¬Ê‹ ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ “ÄÿÍÁ¬¸¬” ◊¥ ¬˝Õ◊ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë– “‚àÿÊÕ¸¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê” ¬⁄U ‚ÊåÃÊÁ„U∑§ ‚à‚¢ª ‡ÊÈM§ „ÈU•Ê– •’ Ã∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ∑§fl‹ ‚Í⁄U, ÃÈ‹‚Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§’Ë⁄U ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ¬⁄U „UË ‚à‚¢ª Á∑§ÿÊ ∑§⁄UÃ Õ– “‚àÿÊÕ¸¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê” fl„U ¬˝Õ◊ ª˝¢Õ ÕÊ Á¡‚Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ π«∏UË ’Ê‹Ë ∑§Ë ŸË¥fl «UÊ‹Ë– ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ¬„U‹ ¬„U‹ “‚àÿÊÕ¸¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê” ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ „UË ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ÿ π«∏UË ’Ê‹Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ¬˝Êåà Á∑§ÿÊ– •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ Ÿ π«∏UË ’Ê‹Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê “•Êÿ¸ ÷Ê·Ê” ŸÊ◊ ‚ •Á÷Á„Uà Á∑§ÿÊ ÃÕÊ ß‚∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ ∑§‚⁄U ’Ê∑§Ë Ÿ„UË¥ ¿UÊ«∏UË–

◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ⁄UÊ¡œÊŸËó¬Ê≈¸U ‹È߸ ◊¥ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ

•ãÿ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ “‚ê◊‹Ÿ ‚÷Ê”, “‚ÊflÊŸ ‚¢ªËà ‚¢ÉÊ”, “Á„¢UŒË ∞Ä‚≈¥U‡ÊŸ ÿÍÁŸ≈U” •ÊÁŒ ∑§ß¸ SflÒÁë¿U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ ÷Ë ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU–

‚àÿÊÕ¸¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ π«∏UË ’Ê‹Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‚flʸÁœ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹Ë ‚’‚ ¬˝’‹ ‚¢SÕÊ “•Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê” „ÒU– ÿ„U ‚÷Ê ‚ŸÔ˜ v~{Æ ◊¥ •ÁSÃàfl ◊¥ •Ê߸– ÿ„U “•Êÿ¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê” ∞fl¢ “•Êÿ¸ ¬⁄UÊ¬∑§ÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” ∑§Ë ∑§Êπ ‚ ¡ã◊Ë „ÒU– “•Êÿ¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê”

‚ŸÔ˜ v~Æ~ ∑§ ⁄UÊ¡∑§Ëÿ •ÊÿÊª ∑§ ‚Ê◊Ÿ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ •Ê∞ „ÈU∞ Á„¢UŒÈ•Ê¥ ∑§ òÊÊÃÊ ’ÊÁ⁄US≈U⁄U ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ ◊ªŸ‹Ê‹ «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U Ÿ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§ ¬ˇÊ ◊¥ ’ÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ÕÊ ¡Ê SflË∑Χà Ÿ„UË¥ „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~vv ∑§ •¢Ã ◊¥ ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ ⁄UflÊŸÊ „ÈU∞– ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„U‹ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ } ◊߸, v~vv ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ⁄UÊ¡œÊŸË ¬Ê≈¸U ‹È߸ ◊¥ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ üÊË π◊‹Ê‹ ‹Ê‹Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ‚ÊÁÕÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê •¬ŸÊ ¬Í⁄UÊ ‚„UÿÊª ÁŒÿÊ– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~vv ‚ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ •÷ÍìÍfl¸ ∑§Êÿ¸

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Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U Ÿ Á¡‚ ¬˝‚ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË-¬òÊ ÁŸ∑§Ê‹Ê ÕÊ, fl„U ¬˝‚ ÷Ë ¬Ê≈¸U ‹È߸ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ê Œ ÁŒÿÊ– ‚ÊÕ „UË ⁄U¢UªÍŸ ‚ ∞∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê¢«U flÒÁŒ∑§ ÁflmÊŸ, «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U Áø⁄U¢U¡Ëfl ÷Ê⁄UmÊ¡ ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’È‹ÊÿÊ–

•Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ¬Íflʸh¸ ∑§Ê‹ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ë •ÊÿÈ ß‚ ‚◊ÿ ∞∑§ ‚ÊÒ ’Ê⁄U„U fl·ÊZ ∑§Ë „ÒU– ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ mÊ⁄UÊ Á∑§∞ ª∞ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ê ŒÊ ∑§Ê‹-π¢«UÊ¥ ◊¥ ŒπÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ¬Íflʸh¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UûÊ⁄UÊh¸– ¬˝Õ◊, v~zÆ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~zÆ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸– ¬Íflʸh¸ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ flÒÁŒ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê∞ •ÊÒ⁄U •Ÿ∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ÿÈfl∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ¬…∏UŸ ª∞– «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U ÷Ê⁄UmÊ¡ ¡Ë vz ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U, v~vv ◊¥ •¬ŸË ¬àŸË ‚È◊¢ª‹Ë ŒflË •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÊ ¬ÈòÊÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÿ„UÊ° •Ê∞– fl ‹ª÷ª ÃËŸ fl·ÊZ Ã∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U– fl ÿÊÇÿ ÁøÁ∑§à‚∑§ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁøÁ∑§à‚Ê ∑§Ê ‚„UÊ⁄UÊ Á‹ÿÊ– ÿ„UÊ° •ÊÃ „UË •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ •Ê¢ŒÊ‹Ÿ ◊¥ Á¬‹ ¬«∏U– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~vx ◊¥ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ê ¬¢¡Ë∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§⁄UflÊÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÿÊ ŸÊ◊ ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ, “•Êÿ¸ ¬⁄UÊ¬∑§ÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê”– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ŸÊ⁄UË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∞fl¢ ¡ÊªÎÁÃ, Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÈœÊ⁄UflÊŒË •ÊãŒÊ‹Ÿ ø‹Ê∞– ©Uã„¥U M§Á…∏UflÊÁŒÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Áfl⁄UÊœ ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UÊ ¬⁄U •Áflø‹ «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U ÷Ê⁄UmÊ¡ •¬ŸË ¬àŸË ‚È◊¢ª‹Ë ŒflË ∑§ ‚ÊÕ «U≈U∑§⁄U ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U– ‚È◊¢ª‹Ë ŒflË ¬˝Õ◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Á„U‹Ê ÕË¥ ¡Ê ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑§ ‚÷Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ÷Ê·áÊ ŒÃË ÕË¥– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ‹«∏UÁ∑§ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Ÿ∑§ ∑§ãÿÊ-¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° πÊ‹Ë¥– ∑§ãÿÊÁ‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ Áfl⁄UÊœË ‹Êª ∑ȧ¿U∑§ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ •Êª ‹ªÊ ŒÃ Õ– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~vy ◊¥ «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U ÷Ê⁄UmÊ¡ Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ ¬˝SÕÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ– ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„U‹ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ¡Êª⁄UáÊ ‹ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬¢¡Ê’ ‚ ∞∑§ Ã¡SflË ‚¢ãÿÊ‚Ë, SflÊ◊Ë SflâòÊÊŸ¢Œ ¡Ë ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸ◊¢ÁòÊà Á∑§ÿÊ–

¬¢Á«Uà •Êà◊Ê⁄UÊ◊ Áfl‡flŸÊÕ •ÊÒ⁄U SflÊ◊Ë SflâòÊÊŸ¢Œ SflÊ◊Ë SflâòÊÊŸ¢Œ ¡Ë ◊„UÊ⁄UÊ¡ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ v~vw ◊¥ ¬¢Á«Uà •Êà◊Ê⁄UÊ◊ Áfl‡flŸÊÕ ¡Ë ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê øÈ∑§ Õ– fl Á„¢UŒË ∑§ •ë¿U ‹π∑§ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§ß¸ Á„¢UŒË ¬òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚¢¬ÊŒŸ Á∑§ÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ •Ÿ∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ Á‹πË¥– fl Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ◊¢ø ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U-∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ‹¢’ ‚◊ÿ Ã∑§ ⁄Uà ⁄U„U– ’„ÈUÃÊ¥ Ÿ ©UŸ‚ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ¬Ê߸– SflÊ◊Ë SflâòÊÊŸ¢Œ ¡Ë Á„¢UŒË‚¢S∑Χà ∑§ œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U ÁflmÊŸ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ √UÿÊåà •¢œ ¬⁄U¢U¬⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÁfllÊ ¬⁄U ∑§Ê$»§Ë ¬˝„UÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– •Ÿ∑§ ªÊ°flÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÒŒ‹ ¬„È°Uø∑§⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° πÊ‹Ë¥– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ŒÊ fl·¸ ÿ„UÊ° ⁄U„U∑§⁄U ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ √UÿÁÄÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ©Uã◊Èπ Á∑§ÿÊ–

¬¢Á«Uà ∑§Ê‡ÊËŸÊÕ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~vv ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‹ÊÒ≈UÃ ‚◊ÿ ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U ŒÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ÿÈfl∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ©Uëø Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ ‹ ª∞ Õ– ∞∑§ Õ ∑§Ê‡ÊËŸÊÕ Á∑§c≈UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄U ⁄UÊ◊π‹ÊflŸ ’ÈœŸ– ∑§Ê‡ÊËŸÊÕ Á∑§c≈UÊ «UË.∞.flË. ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ◊¥ ¬…∏U∑§⁄U v~v{ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‹ÊÒ≈U– fl ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§, ©U¬Œ‡Ê∑§, ‹π∑§, ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊ˡÊ∑§ Õ– ©UŸ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ ‚ŸÔ˜ v}v} ◊¥ flÊÄflÊ ◊¥ “•Êÿ¸Ÿ flÒÁŒ∑§ S∑ͧ‹” πÊ‹Ê ªÿÊ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ •¬ŸË ¬àŸË ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ß‚ S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊŸÊ •Ê⁄¢U÷ Á∑§ÿÊ– ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ “Á‡Ê‡ÊÈ ’Êœ” ŸÊ◊∑§ ÃËŸ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ Á‹πË¥– ©UŸ∑§ Á‡ÊcÿÊ¥ ◊¥ üÊË ◊Ê„UŸ‹Ê‹ ◊ÊÁ„UÃ, ¬¢Á«Uà ⁄UÊ◊⁄Uß, üÊË Ÿ¢Œ‹Ê‹ •ÊÁŒ ∑§◊¸ΔU ‚◊Ê¡ ‚fl∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ ’Ÿ– ¬¢Á«Uà ∑§Ê‡ÊËŸÊÕ ¡Ë Ÿ ‹πŸ, ‚¢¬ÊŒŸ, ªÊÿŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Ê‡ÊË‹ ¬˝fløŸÊ¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê πÍ’ ¬˝øÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– fl ¬˝Õ◊ √UÿÁÄà Õ Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’„ÈUÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁŒÿÊ–

¬¢Á«Uà flÁáÊ◊Êœfl ‚ÃË⁄UÊ◊ ÿÈfl∑§ flÁáÊ◊Êœfl ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ¬…∏U∑§⁄U v~wz ◊¥ ‹ÊÒ≈U– fl Á„¢UŒË-

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‚¢S∑Χà ∑§ •ë¿U ÁflmÊŸ Õ– ’«∏U ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ flÄÃÊ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒËÁ‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ SÃÈàÿ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ– ’„ÈUà ‚ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡Ë ¬¢Á«UÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË-‚¢S∑Χà ∑§Ê •ë¿UÊ ôÊÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ– ŒËÉʸ∑§Ê‹ Ã∑§ ¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uì˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Áà ‚åÃÊ„U “flÒÁŒ∑§ flÊáÊË” ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ôÊÊŸflœ¸∑§ ‚¢Œ‡Ê ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ ¬⁄U ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ©UŸ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ ÷È‹ÊÿÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ–

©U¬ÿÊª ©U¬Œ‡Ê ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§⁄UŸ ‹ª– ß‚‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ’«∏UÊ ’‹ Á◊‹Ê– •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡Ë ∑§ÊÒŸ „ÒU, ß‚∑§Ê »§ÊÒ⁄UŸ ¬ÃÊ ø‹ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ fl „U◊‡ÊÊ Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •Êª˝„U ∑§⁄UÃ Õ– ©UŸ∑§Ë ŒπÊ-ŒπË •ÊÒ⁄U •Êª˝„U ¬⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄U ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ã •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚ Ã⁄U„U •Áœ∑§ÊÁœ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ’Ê‹Ÿ ∑§Ë •ÊŒÃ „UÊÃË ªß¸–””

üÊË ◊Ê„UŸ‹Ê‹ ◊ÊÁ„Uà ¡Ë ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ÿÊªŒÊŸ

‚ŸÔ˜ v~wz ◊¥ ◊„UÃÊ ¡ÒÁ◊ŸË ¡Ë •ÊÒ⁄U v~w{ ◊¥ SflÊ◊Ë ÁflôÊÊŸÊŸ¢Œ ¡Ë ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê∞– ◊„UÃÊ ¡ÒÁ◊ŸË ¡Ë ’«∏U ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ flÄÃÊ Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ÿ„UÊ° “•Êÿ¸ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ‚÷Ê” ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë ÃÕÊ ÿÈfl∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà Á∑§ÿÊ– ©Uã„UË¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ‚ v~xx ◊¥ flÊ‚ÈŒfl ÁflcáÊÈŒÿÊ‹ ‹Ê„UÊÒ⁄U ∑§ «UË.∞.flË. ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ◊¥ ¬…∏UŸ ª∞ •ÊÒ⁄U ¿U— fl·¸ ’ÊŒ Á„¢UŒË ∞fl¢ •¢ª˝ ÊË ∑§ ÿÊÇÿ ÁflmÊŸ ’Ÿ∑§⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‹ÊÒ≈U– ¡ÒÁ◊ŸË ¡Ë •ÊÒ⁄U SflÊ◊Ë ÁflôÊÊŸÊŸ¢Œ Ÿ •¬Ÿ √UÿÊÅÿÊŸÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U •Ê∑Χc≈U Á∑§ÿÊ–

◊Ê„UŸ‹Ê‹ ◊ÊÁ„Uà ¡Ë •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ÷Ëc◊ Á¬ÃÊ◊„U Õ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ŒËÉʸ∑§Ê‹ Ã∑§ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ŸÃÎàfl Á∑§ÿÊ– ◊ÊÁ„Uà ¡Ë Ÿ ’ø¬Ÿ ◊¥ ∑Ò§ÕË Á‹Á¬ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë ÕË– ¬¢Á«Uà ∑§Ê‡ÊËŸÊÕ ∑§ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ◊¥ •Ê∑§⁄U ŒflŸÊª⁄UË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •ë¿UÊ ôÊÊŸ ¬˝Êåà Á∑§ÿÊ– fl Á∑§‡ÊÊ⁄UÊflSÕÊ ‚ „UË •¬Ÿ ÁŸflÊ‚ SÕÊŸ ∑§ •Ê‚¬Ê‚ ∑§ ªÊ°flÊ¥ ◊¥ ⁄U„UŸ flÊ‹ ÿÈfl∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊŸ ‹ª– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ “•ÊÿÊ¸Œÿ” ¬òÊ ∑§Ê ‹¢’ ‚◊ÿ Ã∑§ ‚¢¬ÊŒŸ Á∑§ÿÊ– Ÿ ∑§fl‹ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ mÊ⁄UÊ fl⁄UŸ ‹πŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ÷Ë ‚’∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ŒÃ ⁄U„U– v~wz Ã∑§ •ÊÃ-•ÊÃ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ë ¬ø„UûÊ⁄U ‡ÊÊπÊ∞° πÈ‹ øÈ∑§Ë ÕË¥– ‚÷Ë ‡ÊÊπÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊ ⁄U„UË ÕË– Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ flÊÁ·¸∑§Êà‚flÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „UÊŸ ‹ªÊ– ©UŸ •fl‚⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ŒÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬Ë‹ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË– ‹Êª ÿÕʇÊÁÄà ŒÊŸ ŒÃ– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡ŸÊ¥ ‚ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ’Ê‹Ë ∑§ ◊È∑§Ê’‹ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ’…∏UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U fl„U •Áœ∑§ÊÁœ∑§ ‹Ê∑§Á¬˝ÿ „UÊÃË ªß¸– •Êÿ¸ ‚◊ÊÁ¡ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË-¬˝◊ ∑§Ê ⁄UπÊ¢Á∑§Ã ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ üÊË ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ ¡Ë Á‹πÃ „Ò¥Uó““‚ŸÊß œ◊¸ ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ ¬¢Á«UÃ-¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà ∑§fl‹ ¬Í¡Ê-¬ÊΔUU •ÊÒ⁄U fl˝Ã •ŸÈcΔUUÊŸ ∑§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U „UË ©U¬Œ‡Ê ŒÃ Õ– ß‚∑§ Áfl¬⁄UËà •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡Ë ¬¢Á«Uà øÊ„U àÿÊ„UÊ⁄U „UÊ ÿÊ ‡ÊÊŒË, ◊ÎàÿÈ-¡Êª⁄UáÊ „UÊ ÿÊ ∑§Ê߸ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ©Uà‚fl, ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê

¡ÒÁ◊ŸË ◊„UÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U SflÊ◊Ë ÁflôÊÊŸÊŸ¢Œ

¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Êª◊Ÿ-‡ÊÃË ∞fl¢ ¡Ÿ-¡Êª⁄UáÊ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~xz ◊¥ “•Êÿ¸ ¬⁄UÊ¬∑§ÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” Ÿ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÃÊéŒË ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ– ß‚ ‡ÊÃÊéŒË‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ◊¥ ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·áÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚ÈŸ∑§⁄U üÊÊÃÊ ’«∏U ¬˝÷ÊÁflà „ÈU∞– ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬ ◊ÊÃÊ-Á¬ÃÊ Ÿ •¬Ÿ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ’«∏UË ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ÷¡ŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ–

•Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ©UûÊ⁄UÊh¸ ∑§Ê‹ ◊¥ Á∑§∞ ª∞ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ŸÔ˜ v~zÆ ‚ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ ’ËÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ œ◊Ê¸¬Œ‡Ê∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê∞ •ÊÒ⁄U Œ¡¸ŸÊ¥ ÿÈfl∑§-ÿÈflÁÃÿÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ©Uëø ôÊÊŸ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UŸ ÷Ê⁄Uà ª∞– v~zÆ ‚ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ •Ê∞ „ÈU∞ ∑ȧ¿U Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÊ¥ ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥UóSflÊ◊Ë ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊÊŸ¢Œ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê •ÊŸ¢Œ Á÷ˇÊÈ, SflÊ◊Ë œ˝ÈflÊŸ¢Œ, SflÊ◊Ë •÷ŒÊŸ¢Œ, SflÊ◊Ë •Áπ‹ÊŸ¢Œ, ¬¢Á«Uà ∑ΧcáÊ ‡Ê◊ʸ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê •ÊŸ¢Œ SflÊ◊Ë, •ÊøÊÿ¸ flÒlŸÊÕ, •ÊøÊÿ¸ ∑ΧcáÊ, •ÊøÊÿ¸ flŒ¬Ê‹, SflÊ◊Ë ÁfllÊŸ¢Œ ÁflŒ„U, SflÊ◊Ë ÁŒ√UÿÊŸ¢Œ, SflÊ◊Ë ‚àÿ◊,

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«UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U ©U·Ê ‡Ê◊ʸ •ÊÁŒ– ߟ ‚÷Ë œ◊¸-¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§Ê¥ Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ œÈ•Ê°œÊ⁄U ÷Ê·áÊ Œ∑§⁄U „U¡Ê⁄UÊ¥ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ‚ÈŸŸ, ‚◊¤ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ËπŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ŒË– ÿ ÁflmÊŸ ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ≈U‹ËÁfl ÊŸ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ÷Ë ‚¢Œ‡Ê ŒÃ ⁄U„U– SÕÊŸËÿ ¬¢Á«UÃ-¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ ‚ ¬˝÷ÊÁflà „UÊÃ ⁄U„U •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„UË¥ ∑§ ¬ŒÁøqÔUÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ‚⁄UáÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U «U≈U∑§⁄U ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U– ‚ÊÕ „UË •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ∑§ ◊Èπ¬òÊ •ÊÿÊ¸Œÿ ¬⁄U ‹π Á‹π∑§⁄U Á„¢UŒË flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U– fl •¬Ÿ ¬˝÷Êfl‡ÊÊ‹Ë ©U¬Œ‡ÊÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~{Æ ‚ ¬„U‹ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ◊¢Ã√UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹Ë ŒÊ ‚÷Ê∞° ÕË¥ó“•Êÿ¸ ¬⁄UÊ¬∑§ÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” •ÊÒ⁄U “•Êÿ¸ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê”– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~{Æ ◊¥ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚÷Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ◊¥ Áfl‹ÿ „UÊ ªÿÊ– •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Áfl‡Ê· Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑ȧ¿U Ÿ∞ ∑§Œ◊ ©UΔU Ê∞– •Ÿ∑§ ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÊ° ªÁΔUUà ∑§⁄U∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê øÊ⁄U SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U ¬…∏UÊŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ, ÿÕÊ (v) ¬Ífl¸-¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U, (w) ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U, (x) ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U (y) Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿËÿ SÃ⁄U–

¬Ífl¸ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê ‚Á◊Áà •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ¬Ífl¸ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê ‚Á◊Áà mÊ⁄UÊ Á‡Ê‡ÊÈ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ë √UÿflSÕÊ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ¬Ífl¸ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê ∑§ ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ãÿ Áfl·ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ÷Ë ôÊÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡Ê· ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà •äÿʬ∑§•äÿÊÁ¬∑§•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ∑§Ê◊ Á‹ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ, Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ’Ê‹ ªËÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ªflÊŸÊ, ¬‡ÊÈ-¬ÁˇÊÿÊ¥ ∞fl¢ •Ê‚¬Ê‚ ∑§Ë flSÃÈ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ŸÊ◊ ’ÃÊŸÊ, Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ߸‡Ê-¬˝ÊÕ¸ŸÊ Á‚πÊŸÊ •ÊÁŒ ¬Ífl¸-¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ‚◊ÿ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ øÊÒŒ„U ¬Ífl¸ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ø‹ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ߟ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë Œπ-⁄Uπ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑ȧ¿U ÁŸ⁄UˡÊ∑§ ÁŸÿÈÄà Á∑§∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– „U¡Ê⁄UÊ¥ ’ëø •¬ŸË ÿÊÇÿÃÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U Á„¢UŒË ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ëπ∑§⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷⁄UÃË „UÊÃ „Ò¥U–

ÁfllÊ ‚Á◊Áà ‚ŸÔ˜ v~zÆ ‚ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ªÁΔUUà ÁfllÊ ‚Á◊Áà ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄UÁflflÊ⁄UËÿ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ë √UÿflSÕÊ ∑§⁄UÃË ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ß‚ ‚◊ÿ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁSÕà ∞∑§ ‚ÊÒ ’„UûÊ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‹ª÷ª xÆÆ •äÿʬ∑§-•äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° ¬…∏UÊ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ŒÊ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ •äÿʬ∑§-•äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊÃ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ∞∑§ fl „Ò¥U Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ⁄UÊ◊¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê mÊ⁄UÊ •äÿʬŸ-ÁflÁœ ‚ËπË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄U fl •äÿʬ∑§ „Ò¥U Á¡ã„¥U “ÁfllÊ ‚Á◊ÁÔ Ÿ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄U∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ •ÁÃÁ⁄UÄà ÁfllÊ ‚Á◊Áà ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ÷Ë ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ‚ÊÕ „UË ¬„U‹Ë ‚ ¿UΔUË ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– Á Ê‹ ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ÁfllÊ ÁŒfl‚ ◊ŸÊÃË „ÒU ÃÕÊ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ë Œπ-⁄Uπ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸ⁄UˡÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁŸÿÈÄà ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ’Ë‚flË¥ ‚ŒË ∑§ ¬Ê°øfl¥ Œ‡Ê∑§ ◊¥ “÷Ê⁄UÃfl·Ë¸ÿ •Êÿ¸ ÁfllÊ ¬Á⁄U·Œ˜” •¡◊⁄U ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ó“ÁfllÊ ÁflŸÊŒ”, “ÁfllÊ⁄UàŸ”, “ÁfllÊ Áfl‡ÊÊ⁄UŒ” •ÊÒ⁄U “ÁfllÊ flÊøS¬ÁÔ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ¡Ê ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆÆ Ã∑§ „UÊÃË ⁄U„UË– ߟ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ œ◊¸, Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ, ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ, ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ôÊÊŸ •ÊÁŒ Áfl·ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê ÕÊ– ‚÷Ë ¬˝‡ŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê „U‹ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ ÕÊ– ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ⁄UÊ◊¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà •äÿʬ∑§ ¬øÊ‚ fl·ÊZ Ã∑§ ߟ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË ∑§ Á‹∞ ¿UÊòÊ¿UÊòÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊÃ ⁄U„U– •ŸÁªŸÃ ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ ߟ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ¬˝Êåà Á∑§ÿÊ– ‚ŸÔ˜ v~zÆ ‚ ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆÆ Ã∑§ „U ÊÊ⁄UÊ¥ ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃfl·Ë¸ÿ •Êÿ¸ ÁfllÊ ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ë “ÁfllÊ flÊøS¬ÁÔ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ◊¥ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë „ÒU– Á¬¿U‹ ∑ȧ¿U fl·ÊZ ‚ ÁfllÊ ‚Á◊Áà Ÿ ¿UΔU Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ ◊¥ ©UûÊËáʸ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ŒÊ Ÿß¸ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞°ó“Á‚hʢà ¬˝fl‡Ê” •ÊÒ⁄U “Á‚hʢà ⁄UàŸ” ŸÊ◊ ‚ ø‹Ê߸ „ÒU– •’ Ã∑§ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ Ÿ ߟ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ 112


’ŸÊ⁄U‚ ÃÕÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ •Ÿ∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ∞◊.∞. ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝fl‡Ê Á◊‹ÃÊ ÕÊ– “©UûÊ◊Ê” ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ê ’Ë.∞. ∑§Ê Œ¡Ê¸ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ–

÷ʪ ‹∑§⁄U ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë „ÒU–

•Êÿ¸Ÿ flÒÁŒ∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ŒÊ “•Êÿ¸Ÿ flÒÁŒ∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥” ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§-Á‡ÊÁˇÊ∑§Ê∞° ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U– ∞∑§ S∑ͧ‹ ‹ÊflÊ°Áøÿ⁄U ª˝Ê◊ ◊¥ „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ ‚÷Ë ’ëø Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÃ „Ò¥U– ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ S∑ͧ‹ flÊÄflÊ ◊¥ „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ Á„¢UŒÍ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ $ªÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒÍ ’ëø ÷Ë „Ò¥U–

«UË.∞.flË. ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ŒÊ «UË.∞.flË. ∑§ÊÚ‹¡Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU ∞∑§ ¬Ê≈¸U ‹È߸ ◊¥ ¡Ê ¬øÊ‚ fl·ÊZ ‚ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ◊Ê⁄U‚‹◊Ê°-‚¥≈U-•Ê°º˝ ªÊ°fl ◊¥ ¡Ê ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆy ‚ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ⁄Uà „ÒU– ŒÊŸÊ¥ ∑§ÊÚ‹¡Ê¥ ◊¥ ŒÊ „U ÊÊ⁄U ’ëø $»§ÊÚ◊¸ ∞∑§ ‚ ∞ø.∞‚.‚Ë. Ã∑§ ¬…∏UÃ „Ò¥U– ‚÷Ë Á„¢UŒÍ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ M§¬ ‚ $»§ÊÚ◊¸ ÃËŸ Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸË ¬«∏UÃË „ÒU– ’„ÈUà ‚ ¿UÊòÊ “∑Ò¥§Á’˝¡ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ” ∑§Ë “S∑ͧ‹ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U” •ÊÒ⁄U “„UÊÿ⁄U S∑ͧ‹ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U” ÃÕÊ “‹¢ŒŸ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË” ∑§Ë ¡Ë.‚Ë.߸. “•ÊÚÁ«¸UŸ⁄UË” •ÊÒ⁄U “∞«UflÊ¢‚ ‹fl‹” ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ÷Ë ∑§ß¸ Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ‚ ŒÃ •Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– Á¬¿U‹ ¬øÊ‚ fl·ÊZ ◊¥ ¬Ê≈¸U ‹È߸ ∑§ «UË.∞.flË. ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ‚ •ŸÁªŸÃ ’ëø Á„¢UŒË ‚Ëπ∑§⁄U ÁŸ∑§‹ „Ò¥U– •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê •¬Ÿ ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬Ífl¸¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ •ÁÃÁ⁄UÄà SŸÊÃ∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ê ÷Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§⁄UÃË ⁄U„UË „ÒU– “÷Ê⁄UÃfl·Ë¸ÿ •Êÿ¸ ÁfllÊ ¬Á⁄U·Œ” •¡◊⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã “ÁfllÊ flÊøS¬ÁÔ ÃÕÊ “‚flʸŸ¢Œ ÁfllʬËΔUU ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ◊ΔUU, ¬¢¡Ê’” mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã “Á‚hʢà ‡ÊÊSòÊË” ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ß¸ fl·ÊZ Ã∑§ ∑§⁄UÃË ⁄U„UË– ÿ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ’Ë.∞. ∑§ ‚◊∑§ˇÊ „Ò¥U– “Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” ‚ŸÔ˜ v~{Æ ∑§ Œ‡Ê∑§ ‚ “Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ” ¬˝ÿʪ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã “©UûÊ◊Ê” ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ √UÿflÁSÕà …¢Uª ‚ ∑§⁄UÃË •Ê߸ „ÒU– •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê Ÿ “©UûÊ◊Ê” ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’ËÃ fl·ÊZ ◊¥ „U ÊÊ⁄UÊ¥ ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬…∏UÊÿÊ– v~|Æ ∑§ Œ‡Ê∑§ ◊¥ “©UûÊ◊Ê” ©U¬ÊÁœ ‚ Áfl÷ÍÁ·Ã ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê 113

«UË.∞.flË. Á«Uª˝Ë ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ mÊ⁄UÊ ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿËÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹Ë ◊ÊòÊ ∞∑§ „UË SflÒÁë¿U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ „ÒU ¡Ê ªÃ ∞∑§ Œ‡Ê∑§ ‚ ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿËÿ SÃ⁄U ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ SÕÊŸËÿ “ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •ÊÿÊª” •Õʸà Tertiary Education Commission ∑§Ë ∑§ß¸ ◊Ê°ªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬ÍÁø ∑§⁄UŸË ¬«∏UÃË „ÒU– ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚fl¸¬˝Õ◊ ◊Ê°ª „ÒU Á∑§‚Ë ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê fl„U SflË∑ΧÁÃ-¬òÊ Á¡‚∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ÿ„U ¬˝◊ÊÁáÊà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ Á∑§ •◊È∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ •◊È∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚¢’h ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU •ÕflÊ fl„U ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ‹Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U¬ÊÁœ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë SflË∑ΧÁà Œ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ŒÍ‚⁄UË ◊Ê°ª „ÒU ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ©U¬ÿÈÄà ÁfllÊ‹ÿ Á¡‚∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚È‚ÁÖ¡Ã ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿ „UÊ, ÃÎÃËÿ ◊Ê°ª „ÒU ∞∑§ ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄U ‹Ò’Ê⁄U≈U⁄UË ∑§Ë Á¡‚◊¥ ©UÁøà Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚Ê◊Áª˝ÿÊ° „UÊ¥, øÊÒÕË ◊Ê°ª „ÒU Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿËÿ SÃ⁄U ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚„UÿÊªË ∑§◊¸øÊ⁄U˪áÊ– ‚’‚ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ ◊Ê°ª „ÒU ÿÊÇÿ √UÿÊÅÿÊÃÊ ¡Ê ∑§◊-‚-∑§◊ ∞◊.∞. Ã∑§ ¬…∏UÊ „UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á¡‚∑§Ê ŒËÉʸ∑§Ê‹ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ÷fl „UÊ– ߟ ‚’∑§Ë ¬ÍÁø ◊¥ ∑§⁄UÊ«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ê √Uÿÿ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ œŸ-⁄UÊÁ‡Ê ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ◊¥ ¡È≈U ªß¸– •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê Ÿ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿËÿ SÃ⁄U ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§Ã◊ ÷flŸ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ⁄UÊ¡œÊŸË ∑§ ¬Ê‚ ¬Êÿ ŸÊ◊∑§ ª˝Ê◊ ◊¥, ⁄UÊ¡◊ʪ¸ ∑§Ë ∑ȧ¿U ŒÍ⁄UË ¬⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– ß‚ ÷flŸ ∑§Ê ŸÊ◊ ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ “«UË.∞.flË. Á«Uª˝Ë ∑§ÊÚ‹¡–” ß‚ ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚Ê◊Áª˝ÿÊ° ¡È≈UÊ߸ ªßZ– ∞∑§ ÷⁄UÊ-¬Í⁄UÊ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿ ÷Ë πÊ‹Ê ªÿÊ–


‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆ| ◊¥ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ’Ë.∞. •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.∞. ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ Á‹∞ “∑ȧL§ˇÊòÊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ”, „UÁ⁄UÿÊáÊÊ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ‚¢¬∑¸§ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á∑§ÿÊ– •¢Ã× ∞∑§ ‚◊¤ÊÊÒÃÊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÊŸÊ¥ Ã⁄U$»§ ‚ „USÃÊˇÊ⁄U Á∑§∞ ª∞– ‚◊¤ÊÊÒÃ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U wÆÆ| ◊¥ ’Ë.∞. ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë ªß¸– ’ûÊË‚ ¿UÊòÊ ß‚ ∑§Ê‚¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷⁄UÃË „ÈU∞– ’Ë.∞. ◊¥ øÊ⁄U Áfl·ÿ ¬…∏UŸ Õ󕢪˝ ÊË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ, Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ, ‚¢S∑Χà •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ∞fl¢ ¬Ê‡øÊàÿ Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ– øÊ⁄UÊ¥ Áfl·ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ øÊ⁄U √UÿÊÅÿÊÃÊ ÁŸÿÈÄà Á∑§∞ ª∞ Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ©U¬ÊÁœ ‚ Áfl÷ÍÁ·Ã ŒÊ √UÿÊÅÿÊÃÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ ÃËŸ fl·ÊZ Ã∑§ ÁŸ—‡ÊÈÀ∑§ •¬ŸË ‚flÊ∞° ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë¥– Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ ¬˝ÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ’Ë.∞. ¬˝Õ◊ fl·¸ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆ} ∑§ ◊߸ ◊„UËŸ ◊¥ „ÈUßZ– ÃË‚ ¬⁄UˡÊÊÕ˸ ©UûÊËáʸ „ÈU∞ •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ë.∞. ÁmÃËÿ fl·¸ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ ◊ŸÊÿÊª ‚ ‹ª ª∞– ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆÆ} ◊¥ ’Ë.∞. ¬˝Õ◊ fl·¸ ◊¥ w} ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ∞° ÷⁄UÃË „ÈU∞ •ÊÒ⁄U Œ‚ ∞◊.∞. ¬Íflʸh¸ ◊¥– •ª‹ ◊߸ ◊¥ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° „UÈßZ– ’Ë.∞. ¬˝Õ◊ fl·¸ ◊¥ ¬ëøË‚ ¬⁄UˡÊÊÕ˸ ¬Ê‚ „ÈU∞– ÁmÃËÿ fl·¸ ◊¥ •≈˜UΔU Ê߸‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.∞. ¬Íflʸh¸ ◊¥ •ÊΔUU– ÃÎÃËÿ fl·¸ ∑§Ë ’Ë.∞. ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ◊¥ ‚ûÊÊ߸‚ ¬⁄UˡÊÊÕ˸ ‚$»§‹ „ÈU∞ •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.∞. ©UûÊ⁄UÊœ¸ ◊¥ •ÊΔUU– ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆvÆ ◊¥ ¬„U‹Ë ’Ê⁄U «UË.∞.flË. Á«Uª˝Ë ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ∑§Ê ŒËˇÊʢà ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U (Convocation Ceremony) „ÈU•Ê– ©U‚ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ‚ûÊÊ߸‚ ¿UÊòÊ ’Ë.∞. ∑§Ë Á«Uª˝Ë •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊΔUU ∞◊.∞. ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ‚ Áfl÷ÍÁ·Ã „ÈU∞– ‚ŸÔ˜ wÆvy ∑§ ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U ◊Ê‚ ◊¥ ¬Ê°øflÊ° ŒËˇÊʢà ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ‚¢¬ãŸ „ÈU•Ê– •’ Ã∑§ «UË.∞.flË. Á«Uª˝Ë ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ◊¥ ¬…∏UŸflÊ‹ ∞∑§ ‚ÊÒ ¬Ê°ø ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ ’Ë.∞. ∑§Ë Á«Uª˝Ë ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U øÊ‹Ë‚ ∞◊.∞. ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ‚ Áfl÷ÍÁ·Ã „UÊ øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– ‚ÊÕ „UË ß‚ ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ÷Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊÃË „ÒU– •’ Ã∑§ ¬Ò¢ÃË‚ ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ∞° Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ¬Ê øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– ªÃ fl·¸ «UË.∞.flË. Á«Uª˝Ë ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ∑§Ê ¬ÈŸŸÊ¸◊∑§⁄UáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ–

ŸÿÊ ŸÊ◊ ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ “´§Á· ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ߢÁS≈U≈˜ÔUÿÍ≈U”– ß‚ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢SÕÊŸ ◊¥ ß‚ ‚◊ÿ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, ’Ë.∞. •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.∞. ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ∑§Ê߸ ‚flÊ ‚ÊÒ ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ∞° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •äÿÿŸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ’Ë.∞. ∑§ ¿UÊòÊ ¬Íáʸ∑§ÊÁ‹∑§ •äÿÿŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ∞◊.∞. •ÊÒ⁄U Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ •¢‡Ê∑§ÊÁ‹∑§ „UÊÃ Ë „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ∑§Ê߸ Œ‚ √UÿÊÅÿÊÃÊ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ’«∏U ‚◊Á¬¸Ã ÷Êfl ‚ ‚¢‹ÇŸ „Ò¥U– ß‚ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ∞∑§ „ÒU, Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ NUŒÿÊ¥ ◊¥ •ŸÈ⁄Uʪ ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ „ÒU, Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ÷ÊflË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Á‡ÊÁˇÊ∑§Ê∞° ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ– ªÃ ‡ÊÃË ∑§ ¬˝Õ◊ Œ‡Ê∑§ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ Ÿ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë ÕË– ßÄ∑§Ë‚flË¥ ‚ŒË ∑§ ¬˝Õ◊ Œ‡Ê∑§ Ã∑§ •ÊÃ-•ÊÃ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ‚ ¡È«∏U Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Á◊ÿÊ¥ Ÿ ß‚ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøÊ ÁŒÿÊ– øÍ°Á∑§ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê “•Êÿ¸ ÷Ê·Ê” ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬˝ÁÃÁcΔUUà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU, ß‚Á‹∞ ¡’ Ã∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ë ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ° „UÊÃË ⁄U„¥UªË Ã’ Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ÷Áflcÿ ©UÖÖfl‹ ’ŸÊ ⁄U„UªÊ–

‚¢Œ÷¸ v. ¡ÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊÚÿ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ‚¢ÁˇÊåà ßÁÄUÊ‚, ¬Î. zz, ‚SÃÊ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ◊¢«U‹, ÁŒÀ‹Ë, ‚¢S∑§⁄UáÊ v~|Æ w. fl„UË, ¬ÎcΔUU z} x. fl„UË, ¬ÎcΔUU {y y. fl„UË, ¬ÎcΔUU {{ z. •ÊÿÊ¸Œÿ, ¬Î. |, w{ »§⁄Ufl⁄UË, v~~~ {. fl„UË, ¬Î. }, w{ »§⁄Ufl⁄UË, v~~~ «UËŸ, ´§ÁcÊ ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ߢÁS≈U≈˜UÔÿÍ≈U, ¬Êÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ aryamu@intnet.mu

¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§, ´§ÁcÊ ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ¬Êÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ

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wÆ. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U — ‚¢SÕÊ∞° fl ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ° üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ªÁÃ

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¬˝ÁÇÊà ⁄U„UË– SflâòÊÃÊ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà ÷Ë „U◊‡ÊÊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ fl¢‡Ê¡ „UË ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ‚¢÷Ê‹Ã ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– •Ã— ÷Ê·Ê-‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ∑§Ê ÷⁄U¬Í⁄U ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ¬˝Êåà „UÊÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ‚ÊÕ ◊¥, ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Áfl‡Ê· ‚¢’¢œÊ¥ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U fl ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¡ŸÃÊ ∑§Ë ¬Í⁄UË ‚„UÊŸÈ÷ÍÁà ¬˝Êåà „UÊÃË ⁄U„UË ¡Ê Á∑§ ‡ÊÊÿŒ •ãÿ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚¢÷fl Ÿ ÕÊ– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ß‚◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ ‚¢Œ„U Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ ߟ “Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ Œ‡ÊÊ¥” ◊¥ •ŸÁªŸÃ ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ÿ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§, ¬¢Á«UÃ-¬È⁄UÊÁ„UÃ, ‚÷Ê-‚¢øÊ‹∑§, ‹π∑§ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ •ŸÍΔU Ë ‚flÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë „ÒU– •Ê⁄U¢UÁ÷∑§ ∑§Ê‹ ◊¥ Sflÿ¢‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ •àÿ¢Ã „UË ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê߸ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° πÊ‹Ë ªßZ •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê¡ ÿ„UÊ° ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ÃÕÊ ÃÎÃËÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ ©U¬‹éœ „ÒU– ‡ÊÊœ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ÿ„UÊ° ¬˝ÊflœÊŸ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ ÿ„UÊ° Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ÷Ë ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „ÒU– •Ê∞ ÁŒŸ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ •ŸÈcΔUUÊŸ, ¬˝fløŸ, ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊, ÃË¡-àÿÊ„UÊ⁄U, ©Uà‚fl ßàÿÊÁŒ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „UÊÃÊ ⁄U„UÃÊ „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ-≈U‹ËÁfl ÊŸ ∑§Ê ŒÒÁŸ∑§ ¬˝‚Ê⁄UáÊ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬˝Êåà „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÿŒÊ-∑§ŒÊ Á„¢UŒË ¬òÊ-¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê∞° ÷Ë ¬ÊΔUU∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êåà „UÊÃË ⁄U„UÃË „Ò¥U– ∑§÷Ë-∑§÷Ê⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ‚ÊÁ„UÁàÿ∑§ ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ° ÷Ë „UÊÃË „Ò¥U, ¡Ò‚ ∑§Áfl-‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ, ªÊcΔUUË, flÄÃ√Uÿ •ÊÁŒ– ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÷Ë ¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê ◊¥ •ÊÃË „Ò¥U– •’ ‚ÍøŸÊ ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë ∑§Ë ÷Ë ÷⁄U¬Í⁄U ‚ÈÁflœÊ ©U¬‹éœ „ÒU– ß‚◊¥ ŒÊ ⁄UÊÿ Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ „U⁄U Ã⁄U$»§ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ¡Ê⁄UË „ÒU– Á»§⁄U ÷Ë, „U◊Ê⁄U ‚Ê◊Ÿ •Ÿ∑§Ê¥ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ° ÷Ë „Ò¥U– ‚fl¸¬˝Õ◊ „U◊¥ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê ∞„U‚Ê‚ Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ „U◊∑§Ê •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝Áà ∑§„UÊ° Ã∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ’h „UÊŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ ÿÊ „U◊Ê⁄U ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ „U◊Ê⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ÄÿÊ ◊„Uàfl „ÒU– ß‚ËÁ‹∞ •¬Ÿ ŒÒÁŸ∑§ ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ „U◊ ÿÊ ÃÊ •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄UÃ ÿÊ Á»§⁄U ∑§◊ ‚ ∑§◊ ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– •¬Ÿ

œÈÁŸ∑§ ¬Á⁄U¬˝ˇÿ ◊¥ flÒÁ‡fl∑§ œ⁄UÊË ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ª„UŸ Áø¢ÃŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÊ° ’Œ‹ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U, Ÿß¸-Ÿß¸ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ° ‚Ê◊Ÿ •Ê ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U∑§ÊáÊ ◊¥ ÷Ë •¢Ã⁄U •Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ߟ ‚’ ’ÊÃÊ¥ ¬⁄U •Ÿ∑§ÊŸ∑§ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U¬Ífl¸∑§ øøʸ∞° ÃÊ „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ¬˝‡Ÿ fl„UË¥ •Ê∑§⁄U ΔU„U⁄U ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ߟ ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ¥ ∑§ ‚Ê◊Ÿ ∑§ÊÒŸ Á∑§ÃŸÊ ∑§Á≈U’h „ÒU? ÷Ê⁄Uà ÃÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •ÕÊ„U ‚ʪ⁄U „ÒU– fl„UÊ° ÷Ë ‚◊SÿÊ∞° •¬ŸË ¡ª„U „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ ‚ÊœŸ fl ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° Á÷㟠„Ò¥U– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ’Ê„U⁄U flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ •‹ª „UË „ÒU– Á»§⁄U ÷Ë, Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ©UãŸÿŸ ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷㟠SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U •Œ˜Ô÷Èà ∑§Êÿ¸ „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ¬˝flÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ŒÊ flªÊZ ◊¥ Áfl÷ÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ©U¬ÁŸfl‡Ê ∑§Ê‹ ◊¥ ¡Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ-•$»˝§Ë∑§Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, Á»§¡Ë, ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊, ÁòÊÁŸŒÊŒ, ªÿÊŸÊ ßàÿÊÁŒ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ‹ ¡Ê∞ ª∞ Õ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ¡Ê Áfl‡fl ∑§ ‚÷Ë ∑§ÊŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ¡Ê∑§⁄U ⁄UÊïʪÊ⁄U, √UÿʬÊ⁄U •ÊÁŒ ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬ŸË ßë¿UÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ’‚ „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U– ߟ ŒÊŸÊ¥ flªÊZ Ÿ •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ Ã⁄UË∑§Ê¥ ‚ •¬Ÿ Ÿ∞ ÁŸflÊ‚SÕÊŸ ∑§ ¬Á⁄U¬˝ˇÿ ◊¥ •¬Ÿ ‚¢S∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ fl •¬Ÿ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚¢⁄UˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Õ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ∑§„UË¥ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ∑§◊ Á◊‹Ë „ÒU ÃÊ ∑§„UË¥ •Áœ∑§– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ÿ„U S¬c≈U „ÒU Á∑§ “Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ Œ‡ÊÊ¥” ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ‹ª÷ª ∞∑§ ¡Ò‚Ë „ÒU– ߟ ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê ∑§⁄UË’-∑§⁄UË’ ©Uã„UË¥ SÕÊŸÊ¥ ‚ ‹ ¡ÊÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ ¡„UÊ° ߟ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê-‚¢S∑ΧÁà fl ߟ∑§Ê ⁄U„UŸ-‚„UŸ ∞∑§ ¡Ò‚Ê ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U fl •Áœ∑§ Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥ Õ– ߟ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§fl‹ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ∑§Ê ◊Êäÿ◊ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË– ߟ∑§ Á‹∞ ߟ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ßŸ∑§Ë œ⁄UÊ„U⁄U ÕË Á¡‚‚ ߟ∑§Ê •ÊÁà◊∑§ ‹ªÊfl ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊŒ⁄U ‚ ©U‚ “◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê” ∑§„UÃ Õ– ߟ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ßã„¥U ߟ∑§ œ◊¸ fl ߟ∑§ ßc≈UŒfl ‚ ¡Ê«∏UÃË ÕË– ߟ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê „UË ßŸ∑§Ê ‚ê◊ÊŸ ÕÊ– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ÷Ë ©U‚Ë üÊáÊË ◊¥ •ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ÿ„UÊ° ∑§Ë ’Êà ∑ȧ¿U •‹ª „ÒU ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U ¬Ífl¸ ‚ ∑§Ê߸ •Ê’ÊŒË Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË •ÊÒ⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ’‚Ê∞ ª∞ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ê߸ |Æ 115


’ëøÊ¥ ‚ ÃÊ ∑§Ã߸ •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ’Êà „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ‚’ ‚ ∞∑§ ◊Èπ¬òÊ ø‹ÊÃË „Ò¥U– fl„U ÷Ë ©UŸ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U ‚ŒSÿ ¬…∏UÃ „Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ‹π∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà •àÿ¢Ã „UË ª¢÷Ë⁄U „ÒU– •¬ŸË ÷ÿÊŸ∑§ ÁSÕÁà ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊Ê⁄U ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ÃÊ ŒÍ‚⁄U ‹Ê∑§ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU– ÉÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ‚÷Ë ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ “Á∑˝§ÿÊ‹” ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝Áà ¬˝◊fl‡Ê ∑§ß¸ ‹Êª •¬ŸË ⁄UøŸÊ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§⁄UflÊŸÊ øÊ„UÃ „Ò¥U– ∑§ΔUUÊ⁄U ¬Á⁄UüÊ◊ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà ¡’ ◊¥ ’Êà ∑§⁄UŸË „UÊªË Ã÷Ë ¡Ê∑§⁄U ’ëøÊ ∑ȧ¿U ‚◊¤Ê ¬Ê∞ªÊ– ÿ„UÊ° Ã∑§ ∑§Ë ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥, ߟ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬˝Ê⁄U¢UÁ÷∑§ SÃ⁄U ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ ¬Í⁄UË „UÊ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU Ã’ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝‡Ÿ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§ˇÊÊ ø‹ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‡ÊÈL§•Êà „UÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– ߟ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚Ê◊Ÿ •ÊÃÊ „ÒU– øÍ°Á∑§ ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U ∞‚Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ŒflŸÊª⁄UË ∑§ ’Œ‹ ⁄UÊ◊Ÿ- ©U¬‹éœ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU, ‹π∑§ ◊„UÊŒÿ ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ “Á∑˝§ÿÊ‹” ∑§Ê ‚„UÊ⁄UÊ ‹ŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒU– S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸflÊ‹ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë Á‹Á¬ ‚ ∑§Ê◊ ø‹ÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– fl„UÊ° πø¸ ¬⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ¡ÊŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒU ¡„UÊ° Œ⁄U-Œ⁄U ‚¢ÅÿÊ ÁŒŸÊ¥ÁŒŸ ÉÊ≈UÃË ¡Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU– •ÊÒ⁄U ÃÊ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ ¡Ê ∑§Ë ΔUÊ∑§⁄¥U πÊ∑§⁄U ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÃÊ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§⁄UflÊ •ÊÒ⁄U, •Á÷÷Êfl∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ fl ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ¡ª„U-¡ª„U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹Ê ‚∑¥§– ‹ÃÊ „ÒU ¬⁄¢UÃÈ •¬Ÿ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ vÆ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ •Áœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ‚ ‚Ê$»§ ∑§„U ¡ÊÃ „ÒU¥ Á∑§ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ßŸ∑§ Á‹∞ ߟ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ÷Ë π¬Ê Ÿ„UË¥ ¬ÊÃÊ „ÒU– •¢Ã× ¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê∑§ „UË ’ëøÊ Á„¢UŒË Ÿ„UË¥ ¬…∏UªÊ– fl „UË •Á÷÷Êfl∑§ ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ fl ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U „UÊŸË π¬Ã ∑§Ê ŒÊÁÿàfl ‹ÃÊ „ÒU– ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬, •¬Ÿ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ãÿ ÷Ê·Ê fl Áfl·ÿ ∑§ øÊÁ„U∞– ¬˝àÿ∑§ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ©U‚ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ •ÊÒ⁄U Á‹∞ ≈˜UÔÿ͇ʟ ¬⁄U ‹ÊπÊ¥ L§¬∞ πø¸ ∑§⁄UÃ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄U „UÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– •÷Ë Ã∑§ ‹π∑§ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ ∑ȧ¿U ¡ÊŸÃÊ ÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥ „Ò¥U– ©Uã„¥U ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê Áfl‡flÊ‚ „ÒU Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á∑§‚Ë Ÿ ß‚ •Ê⁄U Áfl‡Ê· äÿÊŸ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ߟ ÁSÕÁÃÿÊ¥ ‚ ÁŸ¬≈UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ∑§ ¬Ë¿U ‚◊ÿ ª°flÊŸ ‚ ’ëø ∑§Ê ÷Áflcÿ ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU– „U◊ ‹Êª ’‚ ‚÷Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ π⁄UÊ’ „UÊªÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U •¬Ÿ ÷Áflcÿ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ø‹ÊÃ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U Á¬¢«U SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U „U◊Ê⁄U ŒÊ ‚ȤÊÊfl „Ò¥U– ¬˝Õ◊, Á∑§‚Ë ©UÖÖfl‹ ’ŸÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ãÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ¬⁄U ¿ÈU«∏UÊ ‹Ã „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ßŸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ Ÿ Á∑§‚Ë ‚¢SÕÊ fl ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬Ífl¸•Áœ∑§ ‚ •Áœ∑§ äÿÊŸ ŒŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– ÿ„U „UÊ‹ ¬⁄U ⁄UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¿UÊ«∏U ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ‚ „UË ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ê·Ê ‚ „ÒU ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ •flªÃ ∑§⁄UÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ Áfl‡Ê· ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∞∑§ •àÿ¢Ã „UË πÃ⁄UŸÊ∑§ ÁSÕÁà „ÒU– „U◊ ’„ÈU‚Å¢ ÿ∑§ „UÊÃ  „ÈU∞ ÷Ë ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§÷Ë ¬˝Êåà Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ߸◊ÊŸŒÊ⁄UË ‚ ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ „UÊŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– ¡’ Ã∑§ fl„UÊ° ‚ ÷Ê·Ê ¬òÊ ø‹ÊŸ ◊¥ •ˇÊ◊ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ¬òÊ-¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ™§¡Ê¸, ‚ÊœŸ fl ‚◊ÿ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ¬ÒŒÊ Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ªÊ Ã’ ø‹ÊŸ ∑§Ë ’„ÈUà ∑§ÊÁ‡Ê‡Ê „UÊÃË ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ‚ŒÈ¬ÿÊª ∑§⁄UŸÊ „UÊªÊ– •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§Ã◊ Ã∑§ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹ªË– „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ vÆÆÆ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË fl ÁŸ¡Ë ¬Ífl¸-¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ∑§÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹ÃË „ÒU ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞° ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U– ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ø‹Ã „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ ß‚ ˇÊòÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÊΔUU∑§ „UË Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ ◊Ⱥ˝áÊ ∑§Ë ¬ÿʸåà Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë ∑§Ê߸ •ÊÁœ∑§ÊÁ⁄U∑§ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ‚ÈÁflœÊ „ÈU•Ê ∑§⁄UÃË ÕË– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ •Ê¡ ◊ÈÁ‡∑§‹ ‚ ∑§Ê߸ ◊Ⱥ˝áÊÊ‹ÿ Á◊‹ÃÊ „ÒU ¡„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ „UÊÃÊ „UÊ– •Ã∞fl Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøÃ-¬„È°UøÃ Œ⁄U „UÊ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË Á„¢UŒË ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Áœ∑§ ◊ÍÀÿ øÈ∑§ÊŸÊ ¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒU– ∑ȧ¿U ‚¢SÕÊ∞° S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ÃÊ ø‹ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU ¬⁄¢UÃÈ •¬ŸË ¬˝ÁÃcΔUUÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ ∑§Ê· ‚ ‹ÊπÊ¥ L§¬∞ πø¸ ∑§⁄U •¬ŸÊ ¬ÿʸåà Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ë •¬ŸË ‚Ë◊Ê „ÒU– äÿÊÃ√Uÿ 116


„ÒU Á∑§ ß‚ •Á÷ÿÊŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê≈͸UŸ Á$»§À◊¥ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§Ê •Áœ∑§ •Ê‚ÊŸ ’ŸÊ Œ¥ªË– „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ‚ȤÊÊfl „ÒU Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ¬⁄U Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ ߸◊ÊŸŒÊ⁄UË ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚÷Ë ‚¢SÕÊ∞° Á◊‹∑§⁄U ∞∑§ ◊¢ø ∑§Êÿ◊ ∑§⁄¥U– •¬ŸË-•¬ŸË ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ SflâòÊ ⁄U„¥U– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ •‹ª ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U „UÊ Á¡‚◊¥ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ‚„UÿÊª •àÿÊfl‡ÿ∑§ „ÒU– Ã’ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ, Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, ¬òÊ-¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê fl „U⁄U ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U-∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •‹ª ‚ ∑§Ê߸ ΔUUÊ‚ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ „UÊ– ‚÷Ë ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ∞∑§ Áfl‡Ê· ‚Á◊Áà ªÁΔUUà ∑§⁄¥U ¡Ê ‚÷Ë ÿÊ¡ŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ ¬⁄U Áfl‡Ê· äÿÊŸ Œ– •‹ª•‹ª ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UŸ ‚ ’„ÈUà ŒÍ⁄U Ã∑§ Ÿ„UË¥ ¬„È°Uø ¬Ê∞°ª •ÊÒ⁄U ÁSÕÁà flÒ‚Ë „UË ⁄U„UªË ¡Ò‚Ë •Ê¡ „ÒU– •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ‚ȤÊÊfl „ÒU Á∑§ Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ “Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ Œ‡ÊÊ¥” ¬⁄U Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ äÿÊŸ ∑¥§Áº˝Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ߟ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁSÕÁà •àÿ¢Ã „UË ‚¢flŒŸ‡ÊË‹ „ÒU– •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U π«∏U „UÊ∑§⁄U ∑ȧ¿U-∑ȧ¿U ÃÊ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ‹«∏Uπ«∏UÊÃ‹«∏Uπ«∏UÊÃ Á∑§ÃŸË ŒÍ⁄U ¬„È°Uø ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– ߟ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ∞° •ãÿ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ‚ Á÷㟠„Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° „U◊ ©Uëø-Á‡ÊˇÊÊ, Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ‡ÊÊœ∑§Êÿ¸ ÿÊ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ-‚ΡŸ ∑§Ë ’Êà ‚Êø „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– ◊ÊòÊ ∑ȧ¿U ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄U ŒŸ ‚ ÿÊ ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U flÄÃ√Uÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á∑§‚Ë ÁflmÊŸ ∑§Ê ÷¡ ŒŸ ÷⁄U ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸ ¬Íáʸ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊªÊ–

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‚ÊÃflÊ° ‚òÊ — ÿÍ⁄UÊ¬ ∞fl¢ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË



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•ÊÒ⁄U •ãÿ ‚◊ÊŸ ÁfløÊ⁄UœÊ⁄UË Sflÿ¢‚fl Ë ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚¢ÿÄÈ Ã ÃàflÊflœÊŸ ◊¥ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ˇÊòÊËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ¬˝SÃÊfl ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà Á∑§∞ ª∞ Õó “wvflË¥ ‚ŒË ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê”, Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ãÿÍ ÿÊÚ∑¸§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ flÊÁ‡Ê¢Ç≈UŸ SÄflÿ⁄U ¬˝Ê¢ªáÊ ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê Á¡‚◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ∑§ÊÒ¥‚È‹ÊœË‡Ê ⁄UÊ¡ŒÍà ôÊÊŸ‡fl⁄U ◊È‹ Ÿ ß‚ flÊÁ·¸∑§ SflM§¬ ŒŸ ¬⁄U ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà ߂ ÷ÊflŸÊ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ Á∑§ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ∑§⁄UŸ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ê •Á÷ÿÊŸ ∑§Ê M§¬ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑¥§º˝ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà •ãÿ ¬˝SÃÊflÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U-¬òÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ’Ëø ∞Ä‚ø¥¡ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê S∑ͧ‹ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ÁflSÃÊÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ– ߟ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬ÊΔUÿ˜ ∑˝§◊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬˝SÃÊfl ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà „ÈU∞– Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ◊„UÊ‚Áøfl •ÊÒ⁄U ÿÈflÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§◊˸ üÊË ªÈ‹‡ÊŸ ‚Èπ‹Ê‹ ∑§ ‚Ãà ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ê¥ ‚ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U-Ÿfl¢’⁄U wÆvy ◊¥ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ãÿÍ ÿÊÚ∑¸§ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ªÍ°¡ ‚ÈŸÊ߸ ŒË Á¡‚◊¥ ¬˝SÃÊfl ‚¢ÅÿÊ v~ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ãÿÍ ÿÊÚ∑¸§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑¥§º˝ SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ¬˝‡Êʢà Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑¥§º˝ SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝SÃÊfl ÷Ë ‚fl¸‚ê◊Áà ‚ ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ‚Á„Uà ‚◊Sà Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Á◊ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÿ„U ÿÊŒ ÁŒ‹ÊŸÊ ©UÁøà „UÊªÊ Á∑§ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬˝SÃÊfl ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄U ©Uã„¥U •◊‹ ◊¥ ‹ÊŸÊ •ª‹Ë ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§ ¬˝Áà „U◊Ê⁄UË Á Êê◊ŒÊ⁄UË ∑§Ê ¬˝ÃË∑§ „ÒU Á¡‚ ÁŸ÷Ê∞ Á’ŸÊ „U◊ •¬ŸÊ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ¬Í⁄UÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§Ã, Ÿ „UË Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ©U‚∑§Ê flÊSÃÁfl∑§ SflM§¬ „UË ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– •äÿˇÊ, ÿÈflÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝’¢œ ãÿÊ‚Ë, Á„¢UŒË ‚¢ª◊ ¬˝ÁÃcΔUUÊŸ, ãÿÍ ¡‚˸ 4 Melville Road, Edison, NJ 08817 aojha2008@gmail.com

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ww. Teaching and Propagation of Hindi with success in Canada Dr. Ratnakar Narale 1. SHORT HISTORY In Canada, until about last 40 years ago, one would hardly find any Hindi speaking people and even if you find a Hindi speaking person he or she would feel shy and hesitate to speak Hindi in a public place. This was the case in Toronto, which has mild winter and is the biggest, most populated, most developing and most cosmopolitan city in Canada followed by Vancouver. The situation for the rest of Canada was even poorer. Thereupon in about next ten years, first major development was foundation of the Hindi Pracharini Sabha by Prof. Harishankar Adesh and Shiam Tripathi group with Hindi Chetna as their tri-monthly mini magazine. In addition numerous individual poetic groups sprung all across Canada, main hub being Toronto. The main activity and interest of these organizations was to gather for a Poetic Meet (kavi sammelan), in which Poets would read their beautiful creations to other poets and the gathering. The poems may then get published in magazines and space permitting. Then Prof. Narale came up with a philosophy which was one time published with much appreciation in Sahitya Amrit, New Delhi. His assertion was that the poetic groups are a wonderful activity but the question is “where is the propagation of Hindi if a poet reads his poem in front of four other poets or Hindi lovers and at the end have tea and Samosa.

Rather if you teach Hindi to one novice person, you will sow a seed that will propagate into a new Hindi speaker and will give him/her a gift lasting for life.” Teaching Hindi is true propagation, not the literary social activities. Literary activities are good for keeping Hindi alive and enriching Hindi literature. Then in 1994 Hindu Institute of Learning was formed by Dr. Venkatacharya, Jagdish Chandra Sharda, Prof. Ratnakar Narale and their group. Hundreds of their students from Canada and other countries benefitted from their services. Having opened these windows of inspiration, few temples began primary Hindi classes concurrent to their Services. The course material being primary grade books were imported from India or Hindi learning books by western authors. Most notable, valuable and successful among the literary societies that grew in Toronto around 2008 is the Hindi Writers Guild. It is organized by Hindi giants Dr. Shailaja Saksena, Vijay Vikrant and Suman Ghei group. The poets and Hindi lovers meet regularly for a Kavi-Goshthi. After an interesting and informative session of reading poetry and Tea-Samosa serving, the poets stay connected to organize next events of drama, anniversary, honoring celebrities, publication of Hindi literature etc. 2. CURRENT SITUATION Following the dismal results and snail like

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Propagation of Hindi in Canada is progress from the teaching While all other Hindi Learning that his Hindi Learning book material used in teaching Hindi Books are written in nearly gives almost one-hundredthrough books by western authors same style, the book is one of and the grade books imported its kind, distinct from all other percent success in learning to from India, Prof. Ratnakar Narale books. It teaches Hindi Read, Write and confidently and his group did extensive alphabet in a very unique Make your own Hindi sentences research and survey and manner so that a student for any situation in present, past developed a wholly new learns to read/write complete or future tense in less than ten technique of Teaching / Learning Hindi in just three to four lessons of three hours each. That lessons. The book then can safely be called an effective Hindi with sure success. For over enables the students to make and fruitful methodology for twenty years he taught Hindi at their own Hindi sentences in Teaching and Propagating Hindi. both the School Boards and all another five to six lessons. THE RESEARCH: After three Universities of Toronto and systematically and thoroughly there he field experimented his book ‘Hindi teacher for English Speaking People,’ analyzing the problem why students are not learning published in New Delhi in 2005. He improved the Hindi satisfactorily through the professional Learning book through several stages through his practical material that are currently available, the conclusion experience of teaching thousands of students and the was threefold. i. The primary grade books and Hindi Learning valuable inputs he received through the course Books in India are written in Hindi for evaluation reports by his students at the end of each children of age six and up. The book that is term, in credit as well as non-credit Hindi classes. written in Hindi for a Grade One, the author The book in its New Enlarged Edition is published knows that the student has already been in July 2014. Another valuable book he has written speaking Hindi at home with his mother, is “Hindi Teacher for Hindu Children,” especially father, brother, sister, friends and neighbors. suited for Temple schools and NRI home teaching for A book written for such a student is not Hindu parents. Canada and USA alone have over 2 suitable for a child born outside India, or in a million and UK has over 800,000 Hindu people, out non-Hindi province of India where the student of which nearly 200,000 are children. is absolutely new to Hindi. Now the current situation in Teaching and

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ii. The books written by non-Indian authors miss out on the salient ‘cultural’ and the ‘Indian’ aspect of the Hindi language in their books. iii. Thirdly, the standard method of teaching Hindi is through “how to say a sentence in Hindi,” beginning with What is your name, my name is..., how are you and so on. The SOLUTION to above three problems is also threefold. i. The book must be written for the students who are absolutely new to Hindi who may be living in Hindi speaking or non-Hindi speaking land. ii. Secondly, it must be borne in mind that while learning Hindi the student must pick up Indian culture and the India’s facets saliently. After all, language is the brick of foundation of that culture. iii. Thirdly, rather than the standard way of teaching Hindi through premade Hindi sentences, the Hindi Learning book must empower the student to “confidently make his/ her own Hindi sentences on his/her own understanding of the language for any thought in his/her mind.” Keeping in this and many other key points in mind, and after a long field testing and the input from thousands of his Hindi learning students and Language Professionals to achieve sure results, Prof. Narale developed his “Hindi teacher for English

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Speaking People.” While all other Hindi Learning Books are written in nearly same style, the book is one of its kind, distinct from all other books. It teaches Hindi alphabet in a very unique manner so that a student learns to read/write complete Hindi in just three to four lessons. The book then enables the students to make their own Hindi sentences in another five to six lessons. The book is based on Prof. Narale’s absolutely original novel and interesting way of teaching Hindi Alphabet, Golden Rules, Illustrations, Maps, Charts, Tables, hundreds of pertinent Examples and Exercises, Brain surgery and X-Ray-vision of the Hindi grammar, which are all innovations that cannot be found in any other book. They make the learning a systematic, easy, step-by-step, interesting and hundred percent fruitful experience. This novel Hindi Learning book has many interesting Hindi learning aspects than any other book because they are researched, discovered, innovated and formulated by the author himself. It is hoped that one day the whole world will follow these steps for Learning any Indian language with total success. The books for learning Hindi, Sanskrit, Tamil and Urdu with his revolutionary methodology are available wholesale at INGRAM.com and retail at Amazon.com. The revolutionary methodology is so new that at the beginning the Hindi teachers may resist to change from their old less effective ways but


they will discover that it benefits the learners greatly. 3. DIALECTS AND THEIR USE IN TEACHING STANDARD Since the emergence of Bollywood as a strong media the use of Hinglish-dialect, Mumbai-Hindidialect, Bhojpuri-Hindi dialect, Hindustani-Hindi Dialect are influencing the expected standard by the students and their mixed race parents living outside India. Prof. Narale’s Hindi learning book therefore takes all factors into consideration and serves the need or liking optionally. It even takes into account the fact that some people may want to just learn to speak Hindi but not reading and writing it. This book helps them too. For Bollywood type Hindi, there is even a chapter on Grammatical Rules for speaking Hinglish if an individual or an organization prefers so. 4. CAREER PROSPECTS Canada being one of the most multi-cultural and multi-lingual progressive country, preference for bilingual ability is an added advantage. In the province of Quebec the first language being French and for the rest of Canada English. Among the Second language status Hindi is most preferred followed by Punjabi, Urdu and Gujarati. Canada being a country of almost all immigrants, businesses and organizations are owned and operated by people immigrated or born to people from every country. Among Indian community, the above mentioned

second languages are the most potential. Consequently, there is need for a large volume of Hindi Teaching people to serve the need of Indian as well as non-Indian students. It must be noted that again for the above mentioned reasons there is an overwhelmingly greater number of non-Indian people interested in learning Hindi than the people from India or descendents of Indian people. In our classes and most other institutions the non-Indian people interested in learning Hindi include people from Guyana, Trinidad, Mauritius, Fiji, Pakistan, China, France, Europe, America, Arab countries, etc. 5. LEARNER DEMOGRAPHY, ASPIRATIONS and INSPIRATION Canada being a cosmopolitan, multicultural, multilingual, modern, democratic, open and secular country, people are interested in knowing each other’s cultures and languages. Indian culture and Hindi language being of special interest, more so in the densely populated and urban areas. Being an open and free society, there is more inter-relationship between Indian and non-indian and between Hindi and non-Hindi communities and thereby more need, inspiration and aspiration to learn Hindi. Since Prime Minister Narsimha Rao and Now Narendra Modi, India is more open to International trade, more non-Indians travelled to India for business,

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excursion, social or cultural purposes and they desire to learn Hindi and Indian culture before their travel. Organizations like World Literacy of Canada, which does tremendous amount of social work in India, Dr. Narale teaches Hindi to their interns before they travel to India for their six months to a year assignment. Many people from Chamber of Commerce from Toronto and other cities go to India for their economic missions and they prefer learning Hindi to increase their success there. With the popularity of Yoga and Ayurveda, a large number of non-Indian people are interested in learning Hindi and/or basic Sanskrit. In our non-credit classes there are always some students learning Hindi for understanding Yoga terms, Yoga philosophy or going to India for Yoga-retreat or Ayurvedaedification. 6. TECHNOLOGY, AVAILABILITY AND ACCEPTANCE The advancing technology is making the world a smaller and smaller place. The advent of Internet has connected the whole world and made it just an e-mail away. Distributors like Amazon made the availability of Learning/Teaching material easy on finger tips worldwide in a flash. Hindi is now accepted as world’s one of the four major languages of communication. Hindi dialogue in a public place is now a common occurrence. It is now accepted by the speakers and welcome by the

listeners worldwide. Credit goes to progressive organizations like the World Hindi Secretariat, Mauritius and Vidya Bharati of India. 7. STATUS OF SYSTEM Delivery status of the Hindi Language Teaching and Propagation is partly commercial and partly voluntary. In Toronto, while the Sanskrit Hindi Research Institute is doing on Commercial and Cultural footing, the Hindu Institute of Learning is doing purely on voluntary and charitable purposes. The Hindi Writers Guild is working for Social and Charitable causes. All are non-formal. Indian High Commission is guiding these organizations on a formal, official and non-partisan manner. 8. EDUCATION CYCLES In Canada, (1) the adult education at University level is the credit and non-credit courses. The credit courses are in day hours and the non-credit courses in evening hours. A cycle is of about 10-15 weeks, once a week, three terms a year and 30 students maximum in each class. (2) Adult courses at Secondary Schools and High Schools are run by the School Boards. They are designed nearly on the same lines as the Universities. (3) At Primary Level, the Hindi teaching is done by private organizations in their evening and weekend classes. (4) The tertiary informal Hindi Teaching for youth and children is done by almost all temples in some form or other, as day

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classes during their service hours. 9. INSTITUTIONS ENGAGED IN PROPAGATION OF HINDI i. Starting with the Temples, where Hindi is taught along with Indian Culture, there are private organizations engaged in teaching Hindi with Indian culture. ii. At secondary and high school levels, it is mostly non-credit evening classes. iii. At University level, it is adult credit and noncredit classes as described in the Education cycles. iv. Dr. Narale teaches two classes (Level I and Level II) at School Board and three classes (Levels I, II and III) at University, his “Hindi teacher for English Speaking People: i. the Beginner and ii. The Advanced” being the text books. 10. PROPAGATION STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES Nearly twenty years ago, when we were importing and using the Hindi books prescribed for primary grades in India and the books written by Rupert Snell and other authors, our quest in Canada was to develop effective Propagation Strategy and Activities to teach Hindi and Indian culture together with nearly one-hundred percent success with ease and in educational manner, in a period of ten weeks

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or less. For this quest, Dr. Narale wrote a Hindi Learning book and proved possible in every one of his classes. Thus the propagation of Hindi gained a real meaning. Now, if this method is standardized world wide, the dream of WHS will come true, through able and trained teachers. Having developed the good teaching material, the next important strategy now is to develop Trained Teachers to teach the material effectively for sure results. For this Teachers’ workshops need to be held to produce Trained Teachers as well as Teachers to speed up and ascertain the propagation. 11. SUPPORT In Canada, Government is supporting the Hindi Propagation only indirectly by funding Universities and School Boards. Some charitable organizations and some temples are receiving small provincial grants for social and multicultural activities, part of which goes to Hindi poetic meets and Hindi classes. Main funding for Hindi Propagation comes from private donations and religious offerings. Currently, the class sizes being too small, Hindi teaching classes cannot be sustained only on the fees collected from the students. However, if the propagation is systematically and energetically with the above strategy, large number of learners can be attracted and then it is possible for sure.


HINDI TEACHER FOR ENGLISH SPEAKING PEOPLE This methodical book is based on extensive Research and Development, Effective Techniques and Improved Ways beneficial to the Readers to give them proper return for their investment of Time and Money. The book begins with simple primary steps and moves forward with authentic examples coupled with Progressive Exercises suitable to each context to bring home the topic being discussed. The vocabulary and illustrations are selected carefully to offer a window to the topics, as used in Real Life Situations. You will not find such original contemplative work in any other Hindi learning book. It is written in two volumes, i. Primary and ii. Advanced. HINDI TEACHER FOR HINDU CHILDREN This amazing book imbibes the lofty Hindu Values on the minds of learners in a fun filled manner. While teaching the Hindi language, the children are enlightened in the glorious Hindu Dharma, our beloved India, its holy rivers and great mountains, the interesting Indian flora and fauna, the glorious Hindu history, the righteous Hindu ethics, the sacred Hindu scriptures, the holy Hindu Gods, the noble Hindu forefathers, the illustrious Hindu Heroes, the venerable Hindu saints, the blissful Hindu prayers,

the grand Hindu festivals, the peaceful Hindu people, the divine Hindu worship, the celestial Hindu Temples, the classical Hindu music, the towering Hindu discoveries in science and arts, the unique Hindu philosophies of yoga, vegetarianism, nonviolence, and universal brotherhood. SUGGESTION If World Hindi Secretariat partners with Prof. Narale and publishes updated versions of these two books under new titles i. Hindi Primer and ii. Hindi Primer for Hindu Children, with endorsement from PM Modi ji and few other key people, it will be a huge success in Teaching and Propagation of Hindi. Prof. Narale’s two books are being sent to you for your evaluation. 13. HINDU INSTITUTE OF LEARNING The only Institute on International reputes and exclusively dedicated to Teaching Hindi and other Indian Languages, Art and Culture in Canada is the Hindu Institute of Learning. Hundreds of its happy students are holding professional careers in various countries of the world. Principal, Hindu Institute of Learning, Toronto 180 Torresdale Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2R 3E4 rnarale@yahoo.ca

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÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢Á‡ÊÿÊ¥ ∑§ ¡ËflŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê– „U◊ •¬Ÿ ŒÒÁŸ∑§ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∞fl¢ •ÁS◊ÃÊ ∑§Ê ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà ⁄Uπ¥– ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ∑§Ê „UÊÚ‹Ò¥«U ÷Ë ∑§„UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ë ⁄UÊ¡œÊŸË ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ ‚⁄UŸÊ◊Ë ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U, Á»§⁄U ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •¬ŸË ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ◊ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§Ê ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ‚÷Ë Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË ¡Ê ∞êS≈U«¸U◊ „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U ⁄UÊ¡Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ⁄UÊ¡ „ÒU ¬⁄U ÿ„U Œ‡Ê SflâòÊ „ÒU– •¬Ÿ-•Ê¬∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢‡ÊË ◊ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U, •¬Ÿ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U v{Æ ŸS‹Ê¥ ∑§ ‹Êª ⁄U„UÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ŒŸ „Uʪ ◊¥ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ŒŸ „Uʪ ‚ „UË Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ŒŸ ∑§ÊÿÊZ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê „UË ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– „UÊÚ‹Ò¥«U ∞∑§ ’„ÈU‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ Œ‡Ê „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ ‚÷Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ‹Êª „Uʪ ◊¥ w,zÆÆ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •ÊÒ⁄U zÆ,ÆÆÆ ÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢‡ÊË ⁄U„UÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚Á‹∞ ⁄U„UÃ „Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ-‚èÿÃÊ fl ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ß‚∑§Ê “¿UÊ≈UÊ ÷Ê⁄UÔ ÷Ë ∑§„UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– „U◊Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê ŸÊ◊ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ „ÒU– ¬˝‚ãŸÃÊ ∑§Ë ’Êà ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ SÕÊŸËÿ “Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U” „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ê „U◊ “∞ø.¬Ë.∞Ÿ.” ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ‚ •Ê∑§Ê‡ÊflÊáÊË mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ÷Ë „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ŒÍ⁄UŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ∑§ ¬È∑§Ê⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ÁŸ◊ʸáÊóß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê v~}x ◊¥ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ „U⁄U ‚åÃÊ„U «Uø-Á„¢UŒË ÷ÊcÊÊ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ÷Ë ø‹Ã „Ò¥U– ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸÷Ê⁄U üÊË ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U Ÿ ÷Ë ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ ¡Ë ‚¢÷Ê‹Ã „ÒU¥– fl ∞∑§ •äÿʬ∑§ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ œ⁄UÊ„U⁄U ∞fl¢ •¬ŸË •ÁS◊ÃÊ Á„¢ U Œ Ë ¬Á⁄U · Œ ∑§Ê ¬˝ œ ÊŸ ¬⁄U Ë ˇÊÊ ∑ ¥ § º˝ Œ Ÿ „U Ê ª ◊ ¥ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ ‚fl∑§ ÷Ë „Ò¥U– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§Ê •ˇÊÈááÊ ⁄UπŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ v~}x ‚ „Ò U – ß‚∑ § •‹ÊflÊ ŸËŒ⁄U ‹ Ò ¥ « U ∑ § øÊ⁄U ÁŒ‡ÊÊ•Ê ¥ ¬Í ⁄ U ’ , ∑§Ê$»§Ë ¬Á⁄UüÊ◊ ∑§⁄U∑§ •¬Ÿ ‚„UÿÊÁªÿÊ¥ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ •ŸÕ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ¬Á‡ø◊, ©U û Ê⁄U •ÊÒ ⁄ U ŒÁˇÊáÊ ◊ ¥ Á„¢ U Œ Ë-∑ ¥ § º˝ ’ŸÊ∞ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê •Êª ’…∏UÊÿÊ– flœÊ¸ ‚ „U◊ ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ◊°ªÊÃ „Ò¥U ¬⁄U •’ ª∞ „Ò ¥ U – ߟ ∑ ¥ § º˝ Ê  ¥ ∑ § ◊È Å ÿ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U Ë „Ò ¥ U ó üÊË◊ÊŸ ŒŸ „Uʪ ◊¥ z SflÒÁë¿U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U „UË ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U ÃÃ⁄U ¡Ë, üÊË ◊„UÊ’Ë⁄U ¡Ë, üÊË •flÃÊ⁄U ¡Ë •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÊÃË ⁄U„UË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U w ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– fl·¸ ◊¥ ŒÊ ’Ê⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ∑ΧcáÊŒûÊ ¡Ë– •ãÿ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË ÷Ë „Ò¥U ¡Ê ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿÊ¥ Á„¢UŒÍ S∑ͧ‹ ÷Ë „Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U •ãÿ ¬˝Ê⁄U¢UÁ÷∑§ ÃÕÊ ¬˝fl‡Ê SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ’«∏U •ë¿U Ã⁄UË∑§ ‚ ø‹Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ÷ÊcÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„U „UË Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ÷Ë ∑§Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË „UÊÃË „ÒU– •Áà ¬˝‚ãŸÃÊ ∑§Ë Áfl∑§Ê‚ ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ ‚„UÿÊª Œ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ÃÊ ŒË ªß¸ „ÒU– ߟ ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ’Êà ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ „U◊ vw,ÆÆÆ ◊¥ }zÆ ’ëø ¬…∏U ⁄U„U „ÒU¥– ߟ Á„¢UŒÍ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ¬˝◊ÊáÊ-¬òÊ ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ ∑§⁄U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– ©Uëø SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ¡Ò‚ ¬Á⁄Uøÿ, ∑§ÊÁflŒ, ⁄UàŸ •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ-¬òÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U$»§ ‚ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê øÿŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬˝◊Èπ ¬ŒÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ∑§ ¬ŒÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË flœÊ¸ ‚ „UË ◊¢ªflÊÃ „Ò¥U– ¬˝àÿ∑§ fl·¸ Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ¬⁄U ⁄UÊ¡ŸÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ üÊË ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ ¡Ë „Ò¥U– •ãÿ ¬˝◊Èπ ¬ŒÊÁœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ ⁄UÊ‚ËÃÊ ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ ◊¢Ã√Uÿ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’È‹ÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ⁄UÊ◊ø⁄UáÊ, ‡ÿÊ◊ ’˝¡◊Ê„UŸ, ÁŒ„U‹, ◊ÈŸË· ‡Ê◊ʸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÖÿÊÁà ’Ê‹Ê ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ê •¬ŸÊ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ŒÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ Á¡‚∑§ Á‹∞ „U◊ ¡Ë „Ò¥U– ÿ ‚’ ß‚ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸÷Ê⁄U ‚¢÷Ê‹ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U •Êª ©UŸ∑§Ê •Ê÷Ê⁄U √UÿÄà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ‹ˇÿ ÿ„U ⁄U„UÊ Á∑§ „U◊ «Uø ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ãÿ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê øÿŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ߟ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ øÿŸ Á∑§∞ ª∞ w{ ◊¥ ⁄U„UÃ „ÈU∞ ÷Ë ©U‚∑§Ê •¬ŸÊÃ „ÈU∞, ‚„U¡ ÷Êfl ‚ •¬Ÿ œ◊¸, ¬˝◊Èπ •äÿʬ∑§ „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Á‚Ã

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Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Ÿ ∑§fl‹ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃfl¢‡ÊË ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U ’ÁÀ∑§ •ãÿ ¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‹Êª ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ©Uà‚È∑§ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË ¬Í⁄UË ◊„UŸÃ •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ªŸ ‚ ß‚∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ „UÃÈ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ◊¥ ‹ª „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U ∑§Ê$»§Ë „UŒ Ã∑§ ‚$»§‹ÃÊ ¬˝Êåà ÷Ë „ÈU߸ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ •Áœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê øÿŸ ÿÊÇÿÃÊ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– •Ÿ∑§ ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ Ÿ wÆÆ} ◊¥ •¬ŸË wzflË¥ fl·¸ªÊ¢ΔU ◊ŸÊ߸– v~}x ‚ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ „U⁄U fl·¸ Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ◊ŸÊ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ „UÃÈ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ‚Á◊Áà ∑§Ê ªΔUUŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝’¢œ, ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ fl •äÿˇÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ‚Á◊Áà ∑§ ‚ŒSÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê øÿŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ¿U„U SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U „UÊÃË „ÒU– ÃËŸ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ mÊ⁄UÊ „UË ‹Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ÃËŸ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ⁄UÊc≈˛U÷Ê·Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚Á◊ÁÃ, flœÊ¸ mÊ⁄UÊ ‹Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ mÊ⁄UÊ ‹Ë ¡ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° „Ò¥Uó(v) ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, (w) ¬˝Ê⁄U¢UÁ÷∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U (x) ¬˝fl‡Ê– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ⁄UÊ¡ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ÷Ë ß‚ •Á÷ÿÊŸ ◊¥ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ‚„UÿÊª Œ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§ ÃËŸÊ¥ SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁfllÊÕ˸ ©UûÊËáʸ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U ÃÊ ©UŸ∑§Ë ÿÊÇÿÃÊ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ©Uã„¥U ¬˝◊ÊáÊ ¬òÊ Œ∑§⁄U •Êª ∑§ SÃ⁄U ◊¥ ÷¡ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– •Êª ÷¡ ª∞ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà mÊ⁄UÊ ‹Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– „U◊Ê⁄U ÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U ÿÊÇÿ ¿UÊòÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UŸ „UÃÈ ÷Ë ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ flœÊ¸ mÊ⁄UÊ ‹Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà mÊ⁄UÊ ‹Ë ¡ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ÃËŸ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ „ÒU– ¡Ê ÁfllÊÕ˸ ¬˝fl‡Ê ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ◊¥ ©UûÊËáʸ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U ©UŸ∑§ •Êª ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà (flœÊ¸) „U◊¥ ‚„UÿÊª ŒÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ ¬˝‡Ÿ-¬òÊ flœÊ¸ mÊ⁄UÊ ÷¡ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ë ©UûÊ⁄U-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚¢‡ÊÊœŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ fl„UË¥ ÷¡Ê ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝◊ÊáÊ-¬òÊ ÷Ë flœÊ¸ ‚ „UË •ÊÃ „Ò¥U– flœÊ¸ mÊ⁄UÊ ‹Ë ¡ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞°

„Ò¥Uó(v) ¬Á⁄Uøÿ, (w) ∑§ÊÁflŒ •ÊÒ⁄U (x) ⁄UàŸ– Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ê ¬˝œÊŸ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑¥§º˝ ŒŸ „Uʪ ◊¥ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ∑§Ë øÊ⁄U ÁŒ‡ÊÊ•Ê¥ ¬Í⁄U’, ¬Á‡ø◊, ©UûÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-∑¥§º˝ ’ŸÊ∞ ª∞ „Ò¥U– ߟ ∑¥§º˝Ê¥ ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË „Ò¥Uó üÊË◊ÊŸ ÃÃ⁄U ¡Ë, üÊË ◊„UÊ’Ë⁄U ¡Ë, üÊË •flÃÊ⁄U ¡Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ∑ΧcáÊŒûÊ ¡Ë– •ãÿ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË ÷Ë „Ò¥U ¡Ê ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ’«∏U •ë¿U Ã⁄UË∑§ ‚ ø‹Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ ‚„UÿÊª Œ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ŒŸ „Uʪ ◊¥ ~ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U „Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° ¬⁄U „U◊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ÷Ë ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ߟ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬Í¡Ê-¬ÊΔUU, ¬˝fløŸ ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ªËÃÊ ∑§Ê ¬ÊΔUU ÷Ë Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU ÃÕÊ ‚÷Ë ◊ÈÅÿ àÿÊ„UÊ⁄U ¡Ò‚ Ÿfl⁄UÊÁòÊ, ŒË¬Êfl‹Ë, „UÊ‹Ë •ÊÁŒ ◊ŸÊÃ „Ò¥U– ¬Í⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ wz ‚ •Áœ∑§ Á„¢UŒÍ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ’«∏UË ‹ªŸ ‚ „UÊÃË „ÒU, Á¡‚◊¥ ‚÷Ë ◊ÈÅÿ •ÊÒ⁄U •ãÿ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË •¬ŸË ¬˝ÁÃ÷Ê ÁŒπÊÃ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ „UÃÈ ©Uà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– •Ê∑§Ê‡ÊflÊáÊË (‹Ê∑§‹) ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ê ŸÊ◊ “•◊Ê⁄U” •ÊÒ⁄U “»§Ê„UÊŸ” „ÒU, •Áà ‹Ê∑§Á¬˝ÿ „Ò¥U– ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ∑§ ¬˝◊Èπ ‡Ê„U⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ SÕÊŸËÿ •Ê∑§Ê‡ÊflÊáÊË ÷Ë „ÒU– ÿ„U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ „ÒU– •Ê©U◊˜Ô (≈UË.flË.) ŒÍ⁄UŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄Uà „UÊÃÊ „ÒU Á¡‚∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ „U◊ •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U •ŸÈ÷fl ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿàŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ŒŸ „Uʪ ◊¥ SÕÊŸËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊ∞° „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ „U◊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– „U◊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ‚$»§‹ÃÊ „UÃÈ Ã⁄U„U-Ã⁄U„U ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑§˝ ◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃ „ÒU¥– ߟ ‚◊ʪ◊Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ⁄UÊ¡ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ∑§Ê ‚„UÿÊª •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl‡flÊ‚ „U◊¥ Á◊‹ÃÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– fl Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ∑§ •Á÷ÿÊŸ ◊¥ „U◊‡ÊÊ ‚„UÿÊª ŒÃ „Ò¥U– •Ê¡ ©Uã„UË¥ ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ „U◊ •¬Ÿ ‹ˇÿ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ⁄UÊ„U ¬⁄U ø‹ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U „U◊¥ •Ê‡ÊÊ „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊ ß‚ ‹ˇÿ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄¥Uª– „U◊ •¬Ÿ ŒÒÁŸ∑§ ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ ‚⁄UŸÊ◊Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U

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¬⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ÃÊ ŒÃ „Ò¥U ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ œ◊¸, ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê •Ê¡ „UÊÚ‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË „UË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ÿ„UË ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „ÒU Á∑§ „U◊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ◊„Uàfl ŒÃ „Ò¥U– ‚⁄UŸÊ◊Ë ∞∑§ ’Ê‹-øÊ‹ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ë Á‹Á¬ ⁄UÊ◊Ÿ „ÒU– ‚÷Ë œÊÁ◊¸∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ª˝¢Õ ∑§fl‹ ŒflŸÊª⁄UË ÿÊ ‚¢S∑Χà ◊¥ ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U– Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ‚ ∞‚ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∞‚ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§∞ ª∞ „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ‚ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë mÊ⁄UÊ •ë¿UË Ã⁄U„U ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ ÃÕÊ ∑ȧ¿U Ÿ∞ ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË ◊¥ •÷Ë ‚ ¡È≈U „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U– ß‚ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§Ê ‚¢¬ãŸ ∑§⁄UŸ „UÃÈ „U◊Ÿ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ‚„UÿÊª ÷Ë ◊Ê°ªÊ „ÒU ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ „U◊ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ∑§ ÉÊ⁄U-ÉÊ⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬„È°UøÊŸÊ øÊ„UÃ „Ò¥U– ‚ê◊ÊŸ/¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄U — „U◊Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ê ∑§ß¸ ¬È⁄US∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ‚ ‚ê◊ÊÁŸÃ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê øÈ∑§Ê „ÒU– Á‚â’⁄U wÆvx ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ¬⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ⁄UÊ¡ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U$»§ ‚ fl„UÊ° ∑§ •äÿˇÊ Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ê ‚’‚ •ë¿UË Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ‚ê◊ÊÁŸÃ Á∑§ÿÊ– ß‚∑§

•ÁÃÁ⁄UÄà wÆvv ◊¥ Hindu Council Netherland ¡Ê ⁄UÊÖÿ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU, Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ê ‚ê◊ÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ– •¢ÁÃ◊ ◊¥ •Ê¬ ‚’ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ¿UÊ≈UË ‚Ë ∑§ÁflÃÊó Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ôÊÊŸ ∑§Ê ‚ʪ⁄U, Á¡‚◊¥ „U◊∑§Ê ÃÒ⁄UŸÊ „ÒU, flÊÿŒÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ¬Ífl¸¡Ê¥ ‚, ©U‚∑§Ê ¬Í⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÒU–

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Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •◊⁄U ⁄U„U! •äÿˇÊ, Á„¢UŒË ¬Á⁄U·Œ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U òÊÈŒ ◊≈ZUS‹ÊŸ vÆ wzyz ∞.∞◊. ŒŸ „Uʪ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U nsmathura@gmail.com



•ÊΔUflÊ° ‚òÊ — Áfl‡fl ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄Uó÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê fl ÿÊªŒÊŸ



wy. ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, flœÊ¸ ÁflŒ‡ÊË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑¥§º˝ ¬˝Ê. ÁøûÊ⁄U¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ

Á„¢U

ŒË ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑§Ë ‚’‚ ¬˝◊Èπ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑§ ŒÍ‚⁄U Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ß‚ ’Ê‹Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊¤ÊŸflÊ‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ’„ÈUà ’«∏UË „ÒU– Á¬¿U‹ Œ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ’Ê ÊÊ⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝÷Êfl •ÊÒ⁄U „USÃˇÊ¬ ∑§Ê ◊„U‚Í‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ¬˝◊Èπ ŒÊÁÿàflÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Áfl‡fl÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬˝ÁÃÁcΔUUà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÷Ë „ÒU– •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊ãflÿ∑§ •Á÷∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ÁŸ⁄U¢UÃ⁄U ¬˝ÿàŸ‡ÊË‹ „ÒU–

Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ Ÿ ‚ÊÒ¥¬ ª∞ •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ÁˇÊà ŒÊÁÿàflÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬Í⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬„U‹ ÁflŒ‡ÊË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝∑§ÊcΔUU ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë ÕË, Á¡‚ •’ ÁflŒ‡ÊË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑¥§º˝ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ÁflÁœflà ¬˝ÊãŸÃ ∑§⁄U Á‹ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– ∑¥§º˝ ∑§Ê ‹ˇÿ ‚’ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚◊Õ¸ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Áfl∑§Á‚à ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑§ ŒÍ‚⁄U ÷Ê·Ê-÷Ê·Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ∑§ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢flÊŒ ∑§ ‚ÃÈ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÷Ë „ÒU– ÿ„U ∑¥§º˝ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁflÁ÷㟠¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ, ¬˝’¢œ, ÁŸÿ◊Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU–

‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑¥§º˝ mÊ⁄UÊ ÁŸã◊Á‹Áπà ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã „Ò¥Uó ∑˝§◊ ¬ÊΔUUÔ˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ŸÊ◊

•flÁœ

¬ÊòÊÃÊ

‹ˇÿ

v

•ÊœÊ⁄U ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊

y ‚åÃÊ„U

∞‚ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÁfllÊÕ˸ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ŒflŸÊª⁄UË Á‹Á¬ ‚ ∑§Ê߸ ¬Á⁄Uøÿ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– SÃ⁄U-vÆ+w

Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÊœÊ⁄U ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË–

w

ª„UŸ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊

y ‚åÃÊ„U

∞‚ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÁfllÊÕ˸ Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§◊-‚-∑§◊ v ‚◊S≈U⁄U ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ¬Í⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU–

Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ◊¥ ¬˝flËáÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U flÊSÃÁfl∑§ ÁSÕÁÃÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ©U‚∑§Ê √Uÿfl„UÊ⁄U-•èÿÊ‚–

x

¬˝◊ÊáÊ-¬òÊ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊

vw ‚åÃÊ„U (x ◊Ê„U)

©UŸ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ Á¡Ÿ∑§ ‚ÊÕ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ’¢œ „ÒU–

Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ÷Ê·ÊÿË •ÊÒ⁄U ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ¬Á⁄Ufl‡Ê ◊¥ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ–

139


y

Áfl‡fl÷Ê·Ê Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê

w ‚◊S≈U⁄U (∑§Ê߸ ÁfllÊÕ˸ v ‚◊S≈U⁄U ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ¬˝◊ÊáÊ-¬òÊ ‹∑§⁄U ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ¿UÊ«∏U ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU–)

Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ‚ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ¬Á⁄Uøÿ ÿÊ y ‚åÃÊ„U ∑§Ê •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬ÊΔUUÔ˜ÿ∑˝§◊– SÃ⁄U vÆ+w

Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ‚êÿ∑§ ’Êœ •ÊÒ⁄U √UÿÊfl„UÊÁ⁄U∑§ ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ÃÊ (ÿ„U Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ¬Í⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÁfllÊÕ˸ ’Ë.∞. Á„¢UŒË (÷Ê·Ê, ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ) ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§ ¬ÊòÊ „UÊ¥ª–)

z

’Ë.∞. Á„¢UŒË (÷Ê·Ê, ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ)

{ ‚◊S≈U⁄U

vÆ+w •ÊÒ⁄U/ Áfl‡fl÷Ê·Ê Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê–

Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ •¢«U⁄U-ª˝¡È∞≈U ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊

{

∞◊.∞. Á„¢UŒË

y ‚◊S≈U⁄U

’Ë.∞. Á„¢UŒË (÷Ê·Ê, ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁÃ)

Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ¬ÊS≈U-ª˝¡È∞≈U ©U¬ÊÁœ– ß‚ ©U¬ÊÁœ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ÁfllÊÕ˸ ãÿÍŸÃ◊ ¬ÊòÊÃÊ ¬Í⁄UË ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ∞◊.Á»§‹. •ÕflÊ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§ ¬ÊòÊ „UÊ¥ª–

¬˝SÃÊÁflÃ

Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊

•’ Ã∑§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ߟ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊Ê¥ ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷㟠Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ vxÆ ÁfllÊÕ˸ (yx ¬ÈL§· •ÊÒ⁄U }| ◊Á„U‹Ê) •äÿÿŸ ∑§⁄U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– ߟ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ó¡◊¸ŸË, ¬Ê‹Ò¥«U, ’ÁÀ¡ÿ◊, ß≈U‹Ë, •ÊÚÁS≈˛UÿÊ, ∑˝§Ê∞Á‡ÊÿÊ, üÊË‹¢∑§Ê, ÕÊ߸‹Ò¥«U, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, øËŸ, ◊‹Á‡ÊÿÊ, ¡Ê¬ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U „¢U ª⁄UË •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ÁfllÊÕ˸ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã „Ò¥U– ÿ„UÊ° ÷Ê·Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ¬Á⁄Ufl‡Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ¡ËflŸ ‚ ÷Ë ¬Á⁄UÁøà „UÊŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŸÎàÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢ªËà ∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ÷Ë √UÿflSÕÊ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU–

◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ Ÿ ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ŒÊ •Á÷ÁflãÿÊ‚ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§∞ „Ò¥Uó¬˝Õ◊ •Á÷ÁflãÿÊ‚ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ v ¡Ÿfl⁄UË, wÆvv ‚ vz ¡Ÿfl⁄UË, wÆvv Ã∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ •Á÷ÁflãÿÊ‚ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, wÆvv ‚ ~ Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvv Ã∑§ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ŒÍ‚⁄U ¬ÊΔU˜ÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ˜ (•Ê߸.‚Ë.‚Ë.•Ê⁄U.) Ÿ ¬Ê°ø ‹Êπ L§¬∞ ∑§Ë •ŸÈŒÊŸ ⁄UÊÁ‡Ê ÷Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ÕË– Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ ÷Ë ß‚ Ã⁄U„U ∑§ •Á÷ÁflãÿÊ‚/¬ÈŸ‡øÿʸ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ©Uà‚È∑§

140


„ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ˜ ‚ ‚„UÿÊª ∑§Ë •¬ˇÊÊ ⁄UπÃÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ˜ Ÿß¸ ÁŒÀ‹Ë mÊ⁄UÊ ÁflŒ‡ÊË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Á„¢UŒË ¬ËΔUUÊ¥ (øÿ‚¸) ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ øÿÁŸÃ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ∞∑§ ‚åÃÊ„U ∑§ •Á÷ÁflãÿÊ‚ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ¬˝SÃÊfl ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU; Á¡‚‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë •ÊœÊ⁄U÷Íà ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË „UÊ ‚∑§– ß‚ •Á÷ÁflãÿÊ‚ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ∑§Ê ‚êÿ∑§ ôÊÊŸ, •lß Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ‚ ¬Á⁄Uøÿ, Á÷㟠‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ¬Á⁄Ufl‡Ê ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ÃÊÒ⁄U-Ã⁄UË∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÷‹Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ‚ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã „ÒU– ß‚ ¬ÊΔU˜ÿøÿʸ ◊¥ ÿ„U ÷Ë ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã „ÒU Á∑§ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ŒÍà ∑§Ë ÷Ë ’„UÃ⁄U ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê ‚∑¥§– ÿ ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ fl·¸ ◊¥ ∑§◊-‚-∑§◊ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U ÿÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§∞ ¡Ê ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ˜ ‚ ¬Íáʸ ÁflûÊËÿ •ŸÈŒÊŸ ∑§Ë •¬ˇÊÊ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ˜, Ÿß¸ ÁŒÀ‹Ë ß‚ •Á÷ÁflãÿÊ‚ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ÁflŒ‡ÊË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬ËΔUUÊ¥ (øÿ‚¸) ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÊœÊ⁄U÷Íà ¬ÊòÊÃÊ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬˝SÃÊÁflà ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU–

Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ „UÃÈ •ÊœÊ⁄U ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ Ÿ ÁflŒ‡ÊË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬„U‹ ∑§Ë „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŒŸÊ¢∑§ vv ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U, wÆvw ‚ wv ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U, wÆvw Ã∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ∞fl¢

ÁflŒ‡ÊË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ß‚ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê ∑§ ’ÊŒ „¢Uª⁄UË ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬˝Ê»§‚⁄U ‚ÈüÊË ◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ ãÿª‡ÊË Ÿ „¢UªÁ⁄UÿŸ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ∞∑§ ¬ÊΔUUÔ˜ÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§Ë „ÒU Á¡‚∑§Ê Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ Ÿ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ÁŸÿÁ◊à ¬˝ÿàŸ Á∑§∞ ¡Ê∞°ª–

Áfl‡Ê· ŒÊÁÿàfl Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ¡È‹Ê߸ wÆÆ| ‚ ãÿÍÿÊÚ∑¸§ ◊¥ ‚¢¬ãŸ }fl¥ ÃÕÊ Á‚â’⁄U, wÆvw ◊¥ ¡Ê„UÊã‚’ª¸ ◊¥ ‚¢¬ãŸ ~fl¥ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ◊¥ Áfl‡Ê· ŒÊÁÿàfl ‚ÊÒ¥¬ ª∞ Õ– ~fl¥ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ÁflŒ‡ÊË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊ÊÚ«U‹ ¬ÊΔU˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§Ê Áfl‡Ê· ŒÊÁÿàfl ÷Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ‚ÊÒ¥¬Ê ªÿÊ „ÒU– Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ߟ ◊ÊÚ«U‹ ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥ „ÒU– ‡ÊËÉÊ˝ „UË ÿ ¬ÊΔUU˜ÿÔ ∑˝§◊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë fl’‚Êß≈U ¬⁄U ©U¬‹éœ „UÊ¥ª–

•ŸÈ’¢œ (MOU) Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ Ÿ •¬ŸË ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§/•∑§ÊŒÁ◊∑§ ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ∑§ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑§ | Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ~ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥/‚¢SÕÊŸÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ •ŸÈ’¢œ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ •ãÿ ÁflŒ‡ÊË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ •ŸÈ’¢œ ∑§Ë ÿÊ¡ŸÊ „ÒU– ߟ •ŸÈ’¢œÊ¥ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U •ŸÈ’¢ÁœÃ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥/ ‡ÊÊœÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ¬⁄US¬⁄U, ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§/•∑§ÊŒÁ◊∑§ ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ „UÊÃ „Ò¥U–

Œ‡Ê

•ŸÈ’¢ÁœÃ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ/‚¢SÕÊŸ

Á‹¢∑§

üÊË‹¢∑§Ê

ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl ∑§‹ÊÁŸÿÊ, ∑§‹ÊÁŸÿÊ ‚’⁄UªÊ◊ÈflÊ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË, ’Á‹„ÈU‹ÊÿÊ

http://www.kln.ac.IK/ http://www.sab.ac.IK/

141


◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ

◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ߢS≈UË≈˜UÔÿÍ≈U, ◊Ê∑§Ê

http://www.mgirti.org

„¢Uª⁄UË

ßÃflÊÚ‚ ‹Ê⁄UÊ¢Œ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË, ’ȌʬSÃ

http://www.elte.hu/en

’ÁÀ¡ÿ◊

ÉÊ¥≈U ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË, ÉÊ¥≈U

http://www.ugent.be/en

ß≈U‹Ë

ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl ≈ÍUÁ⁄UŸ, ≈ÍUÁ⁄UŸ

http://www.unito.it/

¡◊¸ŸË

ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl ≈UÿÍ’¥ÁªŸ, ¡◊¸ŸË ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl „ÒUê’ª¸, ¡◊¸ŸË

http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/en

◊ÊS∑§Ê S≈U≈U ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË, ◊ÊS∑§Ê

http://www.msu.ru/

M§‚

http://www.uni-hamburg.de/

ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ŒË ¡ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞°

‡ÊÈÀ∑§ xÆÆ ÿÍ.∞‚. «UÊÚ‹⁄U ¬˝ÁÃ◊Ê„U ‚¢¬∑¸§ ¬˝Ê. „UŸÈ◊ÊŸ¬˝‚ÊŒ ‡ÊÈÄ‹ •ÁœcΔUÊÃÊ — ÷Ê·Ê ÁfllʬËΔUU

 ŸÊª¬È⁄U ∞ÿ⁄U¬Ê≈¸U •ÕflÊ flœÊ¸/‚flʪ˝Ê◊ ⁄U‹fl S≈U‡ÊŸ ‚

          

Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ¬Á⁄U‚⁄U Ã∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ∞fl¢ ¬˝SÕÊŸ ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ÃÕÊ Ä‹Ê‚-M§◊ ‚ „UÊÚS≈U‹ Ã∑§ •ÊŸ-¡ÊŸ „UÃÈ SÕÊŸËÿ ¬Á⁄Ufl„UŸ ∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ $»§ÊŒ⁄U ∑§ÊÁ◊‹ ’ÈÀ∑§ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ¿UÊòÊÊflÊ‚ (∞‚Ë) ◊¥ •ÊflÊ‚Ëÿ ‚ÈÁflœÊ ÷Ê¡Ÿ (‡ÊÊ∑§Ê„UÊ⁄UË ∞fl¢ ◊Ê¢‚Ê„UÊ⁄UË) ∞.‚Ë. Ä‹Ê‚-M§◊ ‹Ò¥Çfl¡ ‹Ò’ wy ÉÊ¢≈U Á’¡‹Ë “•Ê⁄U •Ê” ¬˝‡ÊÊÁœÃ ¬ÿ¡‹ ߢ≈U⁄UŸ≈U ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê‹ÿ Á¡◊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ SflÊSâÿ ∑¥§º˝ π‹∑ͧŒ

∞fl¢ ¬˝÷Ê⁄UË — ÁflŒ‡ÊË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑¥§º˝ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË ÁflEÁfllÊ‹ÿ ¬ÊS≈U — Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ªÊ¢œË Á„UÀ‚ flœÊ¸ — yywÆÆz (◊„UÊ⁄UÊc≈˛U) ÷Ê⁄Uà fl’‚Êß≈U — hindivishwa.org ŒÍ⁄U÷Ê· — +~v-|vzw-wxÆÆ}y »Ò§Ä‚ — +~v-|vzw-wxÆ~Æx ◊Ê’Êß‹ — +~v-~yÆx|}x~|| ß-◊‹ — ftc.mgahv@hindivishwa.org shuklahp7@gmail.com

¬˝ÁÃ∑ȧ‹¬ÁÃ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ªÊ¢œË Á„UÀ‚, flœÊ¸ yywÆÆv (◊„UÊ⁄UÊc≈˛U),÷Ê⁄Uà chittranjanmishra@gmail.com

142


wz. ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄Uó ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ÿÊªŒÊŸ üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÁà ‡Ê◊ʸ

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¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë “ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ÿÊ¡ŸÊ” ∑§ ÄUà ∑§ß¸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ø‹ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ ◊ÈÅÿ× ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥Uó¬Ê⁄UÊ◊ÊÁ⁄U’Ê, ∑Ò¥§«UË, „UÊ øË Á◊ã„U Á‚≈UË, ÿ⁄UflÊŸ, ©U‹ÊŸ ’ÃÊ⁄U, ’È«UʬS≈U, ’Ê∑ͧ •ÊÁŒ– ߟ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÊŸŒÿ ÷Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ªÁà ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ •ãÿ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ◊È∑§Ê’‹ ∑§Ê$»§Ë •Áœ∑§ ÃÕÊ •ë¿UË „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ê ◊Í‹ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „ÒUó¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚◊ÈŒÊÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ •¬ŸË ¬È⁄UÊŸË ÷Ê·Ê ∞fl¢ •¬ŸË ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ‚ ‹ªÊfl •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚∑§ ¬˝Áà •ÊŒ⁄U ÃÕÊ ¤ÊÈ∑§Êfl– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ Á◊‡ÊŸÊ¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ÃÕÊ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ˇÊòÊËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ”¥ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑§ ÁflÁŒÃ „ÒU ¬˝Õ◊ “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ” ŸÊª¬È⁄U ◊¥ vÆ-vw ¡Ÿfl⁄UË, v~|z ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ SÕÊÁ¬Ã Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë ¬Á⁄U∑§À¬ŸÊ ß‚Ë ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÕË– Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ Ÿ •’ •¬ŸÊ ∑§Êÿ¸ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU ¬⁄U Á¡‚ ªÁà ¬∑§«∏UŸ ◊¥ •÷Ë ∑ȧ¿U •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊ÿ ‹ª ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ •÷Ë ’„ÈUà ∑ȧ¿U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ß‚∑§ ÷flŸ-ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ¬⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ø‹ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ê •ÊÒ⁄U •Áœ∑§ ªÁà ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ÃÕÊ ß‚∑§ ˇÊòÊ ∑§Ê √Uÿʬ∑§ ’ŸÊŸ ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ‚ ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ Ÿ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ∑§ •ÁÃÁ⁄UÄà ∞∑§ fl·¸ ◊¥ ÃËŸ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ˇÊòÊËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊflœÊŸ ⁄UπÊ „ÒU– ÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ÷Ë ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ Á◊‡ÊŸÊ¥ ‚ ©Uã„¥U SÕÊŸËÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢ªΔUUŸÊ¥ ‚ ¬˝Êåà •ŸÈ⁄UÊœÊ¥ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ÷¡ ª∞ ¬˝ÊflœÊŸÊ¥ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ SÕÊŸËÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U–

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∑ȧ‹ Á◊‹Ê∑§⁄U ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ •„U◊ ÃÕÊ ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ •ÁÃÁ⁄UÄÃ, ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U •¢ª “÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ” ÷Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ÃÕÊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ¬Á⁄U·Œ Ÿ ∑§ß¸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ πÊ‹ „Ò¥U, Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷㟠ÁflœÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ¬Á⁄U·Œ Ÿ vÆÆ ‚ ÷Ë •Áœ∑§ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ËΔUUÊ¥ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë „ÒU Á¡‚◊¥ •ãÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ •ÁÃÁ⁄UÄà Á„¢UŒË ¬ËΔUU ÷Ë „ÒU, ¡„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •äÿÿŸ•äÿʬŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬Á⁄U·Œ˜ ∑§ß¸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ÷¡ÃÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U fl„UÊ° ∑§ SÕÊŸËÿ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ ∑§

Á‹∞ ¿UÊòÊflÎÁûÊÿÊ° ÷Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§ •ÁÃÁ⁄UÄÃ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ „UÃÈ ÷Ë ¿UÊòÊflÎÁûÊÿÊ° ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ ÁflÁ÷㟠Á◊‡ÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ S‹ÊÚ≈U •Êfl¢Á≈Uà Á∑§∞ ª∞ „Ò¥U– ©UÀ‹πŸËÿ „ÒU Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ∑§Ê$»§Ë ‚Á∑˝§ÿ „ÒU– ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ Áfl‡fl÷⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ‚ ¡È«∏U ‚÷Ë √UÿÁÄÃ, ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥, ‚¢ªΔUUŸÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚⁄UÊ„UŸÊ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU, ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U L§Áø ÁŒπÊÃ „ÈU∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •Êª ’…∏UÊŸ ◊¥ ‚„UÿÊª Œ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ©U¬ ‚Áøfl (Á„¢UŒË) ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U Ÿß¸ ÁŒÀ‹Ë dshindi@mea.gov.in

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‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ¬⁄U ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁÃflŒ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U fl ªÊ‹◊ Ê ’ÒΔU∑§ ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄U



w{. ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁÃflŒ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄UÊ¢‡Ê üÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’œÈ xÆ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄UÊ¢‡Ê ß‚ ÷ʪ ◊¥ ’Ë¡ flÄÃ√ÿ ‚òÊ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ-∑ȧ‹ÊÁœ¬Áà ∞fl¢ ¬Á⁄U·Œ •äÿˇÊ ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ‚ÈŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ¡ª‚⁄U Ÿ x ◊ÈÅÿ ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ¥ ∑§Ë øøʸ ∑§Ëó v. Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ⁄UÊc≈˛U ‚¢ÉÊ ∑§Ë •ÊÁœ∑§ÊÁ⁄U∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ’ŸÊŸ ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄UπŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– w. Á¡Ÿ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ßë¿UʇÊÁÄà (Political Will) Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU, fl„UÊ° ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ Ã‹Ê‡ÊŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „ÒU– x. •ª⁄U •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ¬«∏U ÃÊ „U◊¥ •ë¿U •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁflŒ‡Ê ÷¡ŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– y. ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Êÿ◊ ⁄UπŸË øÊÁ„U∞– ’Ë¡ flÄÃ√ÿ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄà ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹ Ÿ “÷Ê·Ê ªß¸ ÃÊ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ªß¸” Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ◊È≈˜UΔUË ◊¥ ¬∑§«∏U∑§⁄U ⁄UπË „ÈU߸ ⁄Uà ∑§Ê Á’¢’ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ– ¬ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ø‹ÃÊ Á∑§ ∑§’ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà M§¬Ë ⁄Uà ◊È≈˜UΔUË ‚ Á⁄U‚ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ÷Ê·Ê ◊È≈˜UΔUË ∑§ •¢Œ⁄U ∑§Ë Œ⁄UÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÷⁄UÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚ ⁄UÃ-‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê Á⁄U‚Ÿ ‚ ’øÊÃË „ÒU– ©UŸ∑§ flÄÃ√ÿ ◊¥ x ’ÊÃ¥ Áfl‡Ê· ©UÀ‹πŸËÿ „Ò¥Uó v. ≈UÄŸÊ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê — Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê Á¡ÃŸË •Áœ∑§ ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë ‚ ‚¢’¢œ ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄UπªË ©UÃŸË „UË •Áœ∑§ fl„U ¬˝ªÁà ∑§⁄UªË– w. Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¡ËÁfl∑§Ê (Career) ‚ ¡Ê«∏UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– x. ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ (MGI) ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ‚ ¬˝⁄UáÊÊ ‹ŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– ß‚∑§ ’ÊŒ vy ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœÿÊ¥ Ÿ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ •ŸÈ÷fl ’Ê°≈U– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ (GHTUU) ∑§ ¬˝œÊŸ üÊË ≈¥Uª⁄U Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ v}xy ◊¥ “∑ȧ‹Ë” ∑§„U ¡ÊŸflÊ‹ ¬˝Õ◊ ‡Êø’¢Œ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ 147

∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ‚ ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË ÕË ©U‚ S∑ͧ‹Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ Á◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ vÆÆ ‚Ê‹ ‹ª– Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê S∑ͧ‹Ë¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ©U‚∑§Ê ©UÁøà SÕÊŸ ÁŒ‹ÊŸ ∑§Ë ‹«∏UÊ߸ •ŒÊ‹ÃË œ⁄UÊË ¬⁄U Á¬˝flË ∑§Ê©¢UÁ‚‹ (Privy Council) Ã∑§ ¬„È°UøÊ߸ ªß¸ ¡„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ˇÊ ◊¥ $»Ò§‚‹Ê ‚ÈŸÊÿÊ ªÿÊ– •Ê¡ Œ‡Ê ∑§ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ {ÆÆ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ •äÿʬ∑§ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§⁄UË’ yw „U ÊÊ⁄U ’ëø ÿ„U ÷Ê·Ê ‚ËπÃ „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ~ÆÆ ß¸‚Ê߸ œ◊¸ ∑§ ’ëø „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‚»§‹ÃÊ ∑§Ë Œ⁄U |Æ ¬˝ÁÇÊà „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U $»˝¥§ø ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ‚»§‹ÃÊ ∑§Ë Œ⁄U ∑§ ‚◊∑§ˇÊ „ÒU– v. ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ ICT ∑§ •Áœ∑§-‚-•Áœ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ¬⁄U ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– w. ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÊª ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÃÈ •ŸÈ∑§Í ‹ ‚ÊÚç≈Uflÿ ⁄U Áfl∑§Á‚à ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§Ë, ¡Ê ◊ÊÒ¡ÍŒÊ $»˝¥§ø ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ SANKORE ¬Á⁄UÿÊ¡ŸÊ ∑§ ŸÄ‡Ê ¬⁄U „UÊ– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬⁄U üÊË ‹ˇ◊Ë ΔUÊ∑ȧ⁄UË ∑§Ê flÄÃ√ÿ ⁄U„UÊ– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ •Ê¡ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ {x ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹ „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ÁŸ¡Ë ∑§ÊÚ‹¡Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë ÿ„UË ÁSÕÁà „ÒU– ¡Ê ’ëø CPE ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Áfl·ÿ ‹Ã „Ò¥U ©Uã„¥U $»§ÊÚ◊¸ v ‚ $»§ÊÚ◊¸ x Ã∑§ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸Ã— Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸË øÊÁ„U∞– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvw ◊¥ ߟ ÃËŸÊ¥ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸflÊ‹ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë Œ⁄U yz ¬˝ÁÇÊà ∑§ •Ê‚-¬Ê‚ ÕË– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§ÊÚ‹¡Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ }~ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ (Education Officers) •ÊÒ⁄U wÆ ‚å‹Ê߸ ≈UËø‚¸ (Supply Teachers) „Ò¥U– ¡„UÊ° •¢ª˝ ÊË •ÊÒ⁄U $»˝¥§ø ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚åÃÊ„U ◊¥ z-{U ¬ËÁ⁄Uÿ«˜U‚ (Periods) „UÊÃ „Ò¥U, fl„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ∑§fl‹ x „UÊÃ „Ò¥U– v. ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ÿ„U ÷Ë ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ $»§ÊÚ◊¸ x ∑§ ’ÊŒ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà L§Áø ’„ÈUà „UŒ Ã∑§ ÉÊ≈U ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– w. ß‚∑§Ê ¬˝◊Èπ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ∑§Á⁄Uÿ⁄U (Career) ∑§Ë ∑§◊ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ „ÒU– ‚÷Ê‚ŒÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝‡ŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁŸêŸ Ãâÿ ‚Ê◊Ÿ •Ê∞ó v. $»§ÊÚ◊¸ y ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸflÊ‹ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ∑§◊Ë ∑§Ê


∞∑§ ¬˝◊Èπ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ Áfl·ÿ-‚¢ÿÊ¡Ÿ (Subject Combination) ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ©UŸ ¬⁄U ‹ÊŒ ¡Ê ⁄U„U ¬˝ÁÃ∑ͧ‹ Áfl∑§À¬ „Ò¥U ¡Ê ©Uã„¥U Á„¢UŒË ¿UÊ«∏UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’Êäÿ ∑§⁄U ŒÃ „Ò¥U– w. ∑ȧ¿U ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U “Œ‡Ê¡” Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ’„U‚ Á¿U«∏U ªß¸– ¬Ífl˸ ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ ∞fl¢ ¬˝‡Êʢà ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-‚òÊ ◊¥ “Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ‚¢ªΔUŸ” ∑§Ë ¬˝œÊŸ üÊË◊ÃË ◊ŸË·Ê ⁄UÊ◊⁄UÄπÊ Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ©UŸ∑§ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •¢ª˝ ÊË •ÊÒ⁄U Á»§¡ËÿŸ ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ Œ¡Ê¸ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ŒÊ M§¬ ŒπŸ ∑§Ê Á◊‹Ã „Ò¥UóÁ»§¡ËÿŸ Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË– ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸêŸ ’ÊÃÊ¥ ¬⁄U äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒUó v. ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ◊¥ ÿ„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ÷ÊÁ·ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸÊ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „ÒU– w. ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ◊¥ fl·¸ ~ •ÊÒ⁄U fl·¸ vÆ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê·Ê •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „ÒU– x. ß‚∑§ ™§¬⁄U ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË flÒ∑§ÁÀ¬∑§ (Optional) „ÒU– y. flÊÃʸ‹Ê¬Ëÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚◊Sà ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§ $ªÒ⁄U-Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „ÒU– z. ◊ÊÒÁπ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ „UÊÃË „ÒU– {. ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ ∑§Ë ◊ŒŒ ‚ ÁŸÿÁ◊à M§¬ ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ S◊Sà •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ≈UÊ߬ ‚Á≈¢Uª ∑§Ë ÿÊÇÿÃÊ ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ¬Íáʸ ‚„UÿÊª ¬˝ŒÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Á¡Ÿ øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU, fl „Ò¥Uó v. •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ëó$»§‚’È∑§, øÒ≈U, ß-◊‹ •ÊÁŒ ∑§ •Ê∑§·¸áÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝Áà •L§Áø ’…∏U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– w. ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ◊ÊŸ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ‹ÊŸ

∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– x. ŒflŸÊª⁄UË Á‹Á¬ ∑§Ê SÕÊŸ ⁄UÊ◊Ÿ Á‹Á¬ ‹ ⁄U„UË „ÒU, ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊× Á„¢UŒË-äflÁŸÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‹Ê¬ „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ‚ÈüÊË ©UŒËøË ¬Ê¢«Uÿ Ÿ flÄÃ√ÿ ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê fl„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË (Hindi Society) ‚ ‚¢‹ÇŸ „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§ ‚¢’ÊœŸ ‚ ÁŸêŸ ’ÊÃ¥ ‚Ê◊Ÿ •ÊßZó v. Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ ÃËŸ ◊ÈÅÿ ÷Ê·Ê∞° ’Ê‹Ë ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥UóøÊßŸË Ê, ◊‹ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ÃÁ◊‹– •÷Ë „UÊ‹ Ã∑§ ‚÷Ë ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ߟ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ ÕË •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷ÊÁ·ÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÿ„U ∞∑§ ‚◊SÿÊ ÕË ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ©UŸ∑§Ê ∑§◊ •¢∑§ Á◊‹ÃÊ ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ë¿UÊ ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹ÃÊ ÕÊ– w. v~~~ ‚ fl„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË (’¢ªÊ‹Ë, ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃË, ¬¢¡Ê’Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŒÍ¸) ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„U ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÁmÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ‚÷Ë ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ∞∑§ „UË ¬˝ÊM§¬ (format) ◊¥ „UÊÃË „ÒU– x. ◊ÊÒÁπ∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ¬⁄U ÷Ë äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– y. fl„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË-‚Ê‚Êß≈UË wz ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „ÒU– •Ê¡ ©U‚∑§ xÆÆÆ ‚ •Áœ∑§ ¿UÊòÊ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U vxz •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞°– ’ëøÊ¥ ◊¥ }Æ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ $ªÒ⁄U-Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Ê¢ÃÊ¥ ‚ •Ê∞ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ „Ò¥U, Á¡Ÿ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚◊ÊŸ „UË „ÒU– z. ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ICT PORTAL ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „UÊÃÊ „ÒU Á¡‚‚ ’ëø fláʸ◊Ê‹Ê, ‚◊ÊŸÊÕ˸, Áfl‹Ê◊ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ê •èÿÊ‚ ÉÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ’ÒΔU-’ÒΔU ∑§⁄U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò«¥ U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U flÄÃÊ ⁄U„UË¥ üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ– fl„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ „ÒU– ∑§ß¸ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚flÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥U– ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ‚ÊåÃÊ„Uʢà ∑§Ê ø‹Ê߸ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË S¬ŸË‡Ê (Spanish), $»˝¥§ø •ÊÁŒ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÃÈ‹ŸÊ ◊¥ ‚’‚ ŸËø •ÊÃË „ÒU– ©U‚ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– v. ÿ„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà L§Áø ’ëøÊ¥ ◊¥ ∑§◊ „ÒU, ’«∏UÊ¥ ◊¥ •Áœ∑§ „ÒU– 148


w. ∞∑§ „UË •$π’Ê⁄U „ÒU ¡Ê Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ¬ÎcΔU ¿U¬ÃÊ „ÒU– x. ¡Ê ÷Ë ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ ◊¢«UÁ‹ÿÊ° •ÊÁŒ „Ò¥U, fl ⁄UÊ◊Ÿ Á‹Á¬ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥U– y. •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U •fl∑§Ê‡Ê ¬˝Êåà ∞fl¢ •¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà •äÿʬ∑§ „UË Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U– z. ©UŸ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ÷Ê·Ê, œ◊¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ‚÷Ë ∑§Ê ‚ÊÕ ‹∑§⁄U ø‹ŸÊ „ÒU– {. fl ∞∑§ Online Masters Course ø‹ÊŸ ¬⁄U ÁfløÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– |. øÍ°Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ TV Channnels ÿ„UÊ° ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U, üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ „ÒU Á∑§ Star Plus ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ∑§⁄U∑§ Star Kids ŸÊ◊∑§ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞– flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ ∑§Ë üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹Ê ◊„UÃÊ Ÿ •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ ◊¥ ÁŸ¡Ë ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ Á∑§∞ ¡Ê ⁄U„U ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ê éÿÊÒ⁄UÊ ÁŒÿÊ– ߟ◊¥ ©UŸ∑§Ë IABBV ‚¢SÕÊ ÷Ë „ÒU Á¡‚∑§ vwÆ-vxÆ ÁfllÊÕ˸ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U v{-v|U •äÿʬ∑§– ‚ÊÃflË¥ ∑§ˇÊÊ Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ß¸ flÿS∑§ ÷Ë ¬…∏UŸ •ÊÃ „Ò¥U– v. ©UŸ∑§Ê •¬ŸÊ fl’‚Êß≈U ÷Ë „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ß¸ ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ÷Ë „UÊÃË „Ò¥U– w. ∑§fl‹ ∞∑§ „UË ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– x. Á¬¿U‹ ‚Ê‹ ‚ fl„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •Áœ∑§ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ Á◊‹Ÿ ‹ªË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚ ‚Ê‹ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ „UÃÈ »§¢«U ÷Ë Á◊‹Ÿ ‹ª „Ò¥U– y. •ª‹ ◊„UËŸ Ã∑§ ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ’Ÿ∑§⁄U ÃÒÿÊ⁄U „UÊ ¡Ê∞ªÊ– •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒ ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ‚òÊ ◊¥ üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹ÃË ⁄UÊ◊’‹Ë •ÊÒ⁄U üÊË „UË⁄UÊ‹Ê‹ Á‡ÊflŸÊÕ Ÿ ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– fl ŒÊŸÊ¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢ÉÊ ‚ ¡È«∏U „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U ¡Ê

‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ Á„¢UŒË-∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ~ÆÆ „ÒU– “¬˝Õ◊Ê” ‚ “∑§ÊÁflŒ” Ã∑§ ∑§Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹ÃË „Ò¥U ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Ÿ„UË¥ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË •ÊÒ⁄U ◊Ê°ª ∑§ •÷Êfl ◊¥ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥– v. ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ¿U¬Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊª „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– w. ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê◊ÈŒÊÁÿ∑§ ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ S≈U‡ÊŸ „ÒU ¡Ê ‚¢SÕÊ ø‹ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ $»¢§«U ∑§Ê ‚Ô˝Êà „ÒU– x. ÉÊ⁄U-ÉÊ⁄U ◊¥ Zee TV „ÒU ß‚Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •ë¿U ÁŒŸ ŒπŸ ∑§Ê Á◊‹¥ª, ÿ„U •Ê‡ÊÊ „ÈU߸ „ÒU– y. ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÃÎÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U •Ê ªß¸ „ÒU– Á»§⁄U ÷Ë ªÊÒ≈¥Uª ¬˝Ê¢Ã ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ŒÈ’Ê⁄UÊ ÊÊ⁄U ¬∑§«∏U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ß‚◊¥ ICCR •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‚Ÿ◊Ê ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UË ÿÊªŒÊŸ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ∑§Áfl ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ •ÊÁŒ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã „UÊ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– v. ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ‚ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U, w. ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª •ÊÒ⁄U x. Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ICT ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ∑§Ë ÷Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– üÊË ⁄U◊áÊË∑§ øËÃÍ Ÿ ⁄UÊÁ«˛UÇ‚ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ πÊ‹Ÿ ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ •¬Ÿ •ŸÈ÷fl ’Ê°≈U– fl„UÊ° ¬„U‹ ÃÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ÿ„U ‡Ê¢∑§Ê „UÊ ⁄U„UË ÕË Á∑§ ∑§„UË¥ ÿ œ◊¸-¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU? ¬⁄U •’ |z ’ëø ÿ„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UÃ „Ò¥U ¡Ê •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ߸‚Ê߸ „Ò¥U– ßã„UÊ¥Ÿ πÈŒ •¬ŸË ŒÈ∑§ÊŸ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ Á„US‚Ê S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ ’Œ‹ ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ß¸ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ê ’‚ ∑§Ê ÷Ê«∏UÊ ÷Ë ŒÃ „Ò¥U– v. ¬⁄UˡÊÊ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ „UÃÈ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ≈UÁÄŸ∑§‹ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë «UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ¡⁄UÊŸË ªÊÁ’Ÿ Ÿ ⁄UËÿÍÁŸÿŸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ÷ÊflË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •ªSà wÆvx ◊¥ fl„UÊ° ø‹Ê∞ ª∞ ‚òÊ ∑§Ê fláʸŸ Á∑§ÿÊ– ©UŸ∑§Ê ∑§„UŸÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ⁄UËÿÍÁŸÿŸ ◊¥

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•ª⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÒU ÃÊ ¬˝Ê…Ò U∏ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ‚ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ©UŸ◊¥ •¬ŸË ¡«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‹ÊÒ≈UŸ ∑§Ë •Áœ∑§ Á¡ôÊÊ‚Ê „ÒU– ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë «UÊÚ. ‚¢ÿÈÄÃÊ ÷ÈflŸ ⁄UÊ◊‚Ê⁄UÊ Ÿ ‚fl¸ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ (serve Africa program) ∑§ ÄUà ¬Á‡ø◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ∑§ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ •¬Ÿ •ŸÈ÷fl ∑§ ’‹ ¬⁄U ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§ãÿÊ, ∑Ò§◊M§Ÿ, L§•Ê¢«UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •Êßfl⁄UË ∑§ÊS≈U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ∑§ß¸ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° ŒπË¥, Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ÷ÄÃÊ¥ ◊¥ ¡Ê ISKCON ∑§ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥, ªËÃÊ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿfl⁄UÊòÊ ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ‚¢S∑Χà ◊¢òÊÊ¥ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ê ©UëøÊ⁄UáÊ ÃÊ ∑§⁄U ‹Ã „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ fl„UÊ° ÁflÁœflà Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ø‹ÃË– ŒÁˇÊáÊË •◊⁄UË∑§Ê ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ªÿÊŸÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ∑§Ë øøʸ ∑§Ë ªß¸– üÊË flË⁄U¡ÊŸ¢Œ •flÃÊ⁄U Ÿ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬⁄U øøʸ ∑§Ë– ¬˝Õ◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§Ë πȇÊË ÿ„UÊ° ÷Ë „U⁄U ‚Ê‹ ◊ŸÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË, Á„¢UŒË •ÊÒ⁄U •flÁœ •Ê¡ ÷Ë ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§ ∑¢§ΔU ◊¥ ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà „ÒU ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ∑§’ Ã∑§? ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ŸÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ M§¬ ‚ Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– “¬˝Õ◊Ê” ‚ “∑§ÊÁflŒ” Ã∑§ ∑§Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° flœÊ¸, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã „Ò¥U– ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– •Ê¡∑§‹ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸflÊ‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§◊ „UÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ß‚∑§ ÁŸêŸ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „Ò¥Uó v. ∑§ÁΔUŸ ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÊ¥ ◊¥ Á’ŸÊ flß ∑§ ¬…∏UÊŸÊ– w. Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏UË ∑§Ë ‚Êø „ÒU Á∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‚ ∑§Ê߸ √ÿfl‚Êÿ ÿÊ ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹ªË– x. S∑ͧ‹Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– fl ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍUÃÊflÊ‚ ‚ •¬Ÿ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Ê«∏UŸ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë Áø¢ªÊ⁄UË •÷Ë ÷Ë „ÒU, ∑§fl‹ ∑ȧ¿U »Í°§∑§Ÿ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU...– ªÿÊŸÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ¬⁄U ‚ÈüÊË flÁ·¸áÊË ©UœÊ Á‚¢„U Ÿ flÄÃ√ÿ ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê fl„UÊ° ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚÷Ê ‚ ¡È«∏UË „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U– ªÿÊŸÊ

◊¥ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ©UÕ‹-¬ÈÕ‹ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ’„ÈUà ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝◊Ë ŒÍ‚⁄U Œ‡ÊÊ¥ Ã∑§ ÷ʪ ª∞ Õ ß‚Á‹∞ ∑§ß¸ ¬ËÁ…∏UÿÊ¥ Ã∑§ ß‚∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U L§∑§Ê ⁄U„UÊ– •Ê¡ ŒÈ’Ê⁄UÊ ªÊ°fl-ªÊ°fl ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà L§Áø ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ∑§ÊÁ‡Ê‡Ê „UÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ÿ„U ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ∑§Á⁄Uÿ⁄U (Career) ∑§Ë ∑§◊ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ŸÊÒ¡flÊŸÊ¥ ◊¥ L§Áø Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ z ‚òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° ø‹Ê߸ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ß‚ ‚Ê‹ ∑§ »§⁄Ufl⁄UË ◊„UËŸ ◊¥ fl„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ •ÊÒ⁄U •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ∑§⁄UŸ ÃÕÊ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ◊¥ O Level Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ x ¬˝SÃÊfl ¬‡Ê Á∑§∞ ª∞ Á¡Ÿ¬⁄U fl„UÊ° ∑§Ë ‚÷Ë { ¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¥ Ÿ ◊¢ ÊÍ⁄UË Œ ŒË– v. •’ ≈UË.flË. ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ÊΔU ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ‚Êø ⁄U„U „Ò¥UóÁfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ’Ê‹øÊ‹ ¬⁄U– w. øÍ°Á∑§ ∑§ß¸ ¬˝Ê¢ÃÊ¥ ◊¥ •÷Ë Ã∑§ Á’¡‹Ë ÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU, ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. ‚ ÿÊŒÊ „ÒU– ©UŸ∑§Ê ¬˝SÃÊfl „ÒU Á∑§ó v. Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ »§¢«U ∑§Êÿ◊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– w. ¡Ê ‹Êª Á„¢UŒË ¬…∏UŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ËπŸÊ øÊ„UÃ „Ò¥U, ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ◊À≈UË◊ËÁ«UÿÊ ÁŸ—‡ÊÈÀ∑§ „UÊ– x. ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ∑§Àø⁄U‹ ∞Ä‚ø¥¡ (Cultural Exchange) ∑§Ê ¡Ê ÷Ë ¬˝SÃÊfl •Ê∞ ©U‚◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ¬⁄U ÷Ë ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê∞– y. fl Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ‡ÊÈL§•ÊÃË ôÊÊŸ ∑§ flÊSÃ ∑§Êÿ¸-‚òÊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥U– •¢Ã ◊¥ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢äÿÊ •¢ø⁄UÊ¡ Ÿfl‚Ê„U Ÿ Á„¢UŒË-÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ¬⁄US¬⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∞fl¢ ‚Ȍ΅UË∑§⁄UáÊ ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ ‚◊Êfl‡Ê ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ÃÕÊ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ¬⁄U ‡ÊÊœ¬òÊ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ– 150


xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄UÊ¢‡Ê ‡ÊÈ∑˝§flÊ⁄U xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§ ‚òÊÊ¥ ∑§ •Ê⁄¢U÷ ◊¥ ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË, •œ¸ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË •ÊÒ⁄U Sflÿ¢‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U ¬⁄U ’Ê‹Ã „ÈU∞ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ¬˝œÊŸ üÊË ÿ¢ÃÈŒfl ’ÈœÈ Ÿ v~w{U ‚ ‚¢SÕÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ÁŸ—‡ÊÈÀ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒÍ-œ◊¸ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ „UÃÈ Á∑§∞ ¡Ê ⁄U„U ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ê ©UÀ‹π Á∑§ÿÊ– ‚÷Ê v|z ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ ∞fl¢ ‚åÃÊ„Uʢà ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° ø‹ÊÃË „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ∞fl¢ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹Ê߸ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¿UΔUË ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§Ë ¬⁄UˡÊÊ „UÊÃË „ÒU– •äÿʬ∑§•äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê∞° Sflÿ¢‚flË „Ò¥U, ßã„¥U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U$»§ ‚ ¬˝ÃË∑§Êà◊∑§ ÷ûÊÊ Á◊‹ÃÊ „ÒU– ©UûÊ◊Ê ÃÎÃËÿ π¢«U ∑§Ê ‘Diploma in Hindi’ ∑§Ë •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ◊ÊãÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– ¬˝Áà fl·¸ x ◊ÈÅÿ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ‹ªÃ „Ò¥Uó SÕʬŸÊ-ÁŒfl‚, ÃÈ‹‚Ë ¡ÿ¢ÃË ∑§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË-ÁŒfl‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊ÊfløŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U– “¬¢∑§¡” ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ÷Ë ÁŸ∑§Ê‹Ë ¡ÊÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ‚÷Ê Sflÿ¢ •¬ŸË ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– v. ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ÿ„U ÷Ë Áø¢ÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ÉÊ≈U ⁄U„UË „ÒU Á¡‚∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ∑§Á⁄Uÿ⁄U ∑§Ë ∑§◊ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ ∑§ ¬˝œÊŸ üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ªÁà Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬˝ÁÃcΔUÊ ∑§ ÃËŸ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „Ò¥Uó(i) |Æ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊Í‹ ∑§ ‹Êª ß‚ œ⁄UÃË ¬⁄U •Ê∞ ¡„UÊ° ¬„U‹ ∑§Ê߸ ŸÁ≈Ufl •Ê’ÊŒË Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË •Õʸà ‚◊Sà ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ¡ŸÃÊ ŒÍ‚⁄U Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ‚ •Ê∑§⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ’‚Ë „ÒU, (ii) ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê ¬Ê‚ ◊¥ „UË „UÊŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U (iii) ÿ„UÊ° ∑§ ŸÃÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ‚¢flŒŸ‡ÊË‹ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ÁŸêŸ ÁfløÊ⁄U ¬‡Ê Á∑§∞ó v. •Ê¡ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚ÊœŸ ∑§Ë ∑§◊Ë Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU, ∑§◊Ë „ÒU ÃÊ √ÿflSÕÊ ∑§Ë, ◊ŸÊflÎÁûÊ ∑§Ë– w. ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊, ªÿÊŸÊ, ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ¡Ò‚ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ flÊSÃ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ∞∑§ Special Desk ∑§Êÿ◊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞–

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x. Á¡ÃŸË •‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ∞° ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ©U¬ÁSÕà „Ò¥U, ©UŸ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ¬Á⁄U‚¢ÉÊ (Federation) ’ŸÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞– üÊË Œfl÷⁄Uà ‚Ë⁄Uß Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ “•Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê”, “◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ŸÊß œ◊¸ ≈¥¬À‚ $»§«U⁄U‡ÊŸ”, “•Êÿ¸ ⁄UÁflflŒ ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê”, “ª„U‹Êà ⁄UÊ¡¬Íà ◊„UÊ‚÷Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊŸfl ‚flÊ ÁŸÁœ” ¡Ò‚Ë ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒËÁ‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ¬⁄U ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ∑§ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U “´§Á· ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ‚¢SÕÊŸ” ∑§ ¬˝œÊŸ «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ Ÿ ‚¢SÕÊ mÊ⁄UÊ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, ’Ë.∞. •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.∞. SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– •’ Ã∑§ vÆz ’Ë.∞. •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.∞. ∑§ ¿UÊòÊ ÿ„UÊ° ‚ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§⁄U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– v. ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ß‚ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬…∏UÊŸflÊ‹ Sflÿ¢‚flË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ •÷Êfl, w. ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •ÊÿÊª (Tertiary Education Commission) ∑§Ë ‚Å∏à ŸËÁÃÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U x. ◊ÊãÿÃÊ (Accreditation) ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ ∑§Ê ÷Ë ©UÀ‹π Á∑§ÿÊ– ¬˝‡Ÿ ‚òÊ ◊¥ ÿ„U ÁfløÊ⁄U √ÿÄà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ‚Êÿ¢∑§Ê‹ËŸ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§◊ „UÊ ¡ÊŸ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ‹ª÷ª ‚÷Ë ’ëø ‡ÊÊ◊ ∑§Ê •ãÿ Áfl·ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁŸ¡Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ (Private tuition) ‹Ÿ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– v. ¬Ífl¸-¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ w. •Á÷÷Êfl∑§Ê¥ ‚ ’Êà ∑§⁄UŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ¬˝Á⁄Uà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ¬⁄U ÷Ë ’Êà ∑§Ë ªß¸– “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ” ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪÊäÿˇÊÊ üÊË◊ÃË •‹∑§Ê œŸ¬Ã Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ÿ„UÊ° ’Ë.∞. Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. Áfl·ÿ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „ÒU– ÿ ‚¢SÕÊŸ ¬Ífl˸ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ’Ë.∞. ∞fl¢ ∞◊.∞. ÃÕÊ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ø‹ÊŸ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê ¬Í⁄U∑§ „ÒU– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ •‹ª-•‹ª Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË-¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡Ê


•Ê⁄¢UÁ÷∑§ ÁŒÄ∑§Ã¥ „Ò¥U, “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ” ÷Ë ©UŸ¬⁄U ‚ ªÈ Ê⁄UË „ÒU, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ∞∑§ ‚ÈÁŸÿÊÁ¡Ã ∑§Êÿ¸ŸËÁà ∑§Ë ’ŒÊÒ‹Ã ‚Ê‹-Œ⁄U-‚Ê‹ fl„U ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ∞fl¢ ß‹Ê∑§Ê߸ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬Ë∞ø«UË, ∞«UflÊ¢S«U ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U, Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê •ÊÁŒ ‚ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ÃÊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃÊ •ÊÿÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U Ã’ ¡Ê∑§⁄U ©U‚Ÿ ’Ë.∞., ∞◊.∞. ÃÕÊ ¬Ë∞ø«UË SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë– v. •’ ŒÍ⁄USÕ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ (distance education) ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •Ê‚-¬Ê‚ ∑§ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ∑§ˇÊÊ∞° ø‹ÊŸ ◊¥ ◊ŒŒ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ÿÊ¡ŸÊ „ÒU– ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ‡ÊÊœ ∞fl¢ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ ∑§Ë üÊË◊ÃË ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊œÊ⁄UË Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– ’Ë.∞. ÃÕÊ ∞◊.∞. ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ ‹ÉÊÈ-‡ÊÊœ ¬˝’¢œ ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U, ÿlÁ¬ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà Ÿ„UË¥ „Ò¥U, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ SŸÊÃ∑§ÊûÊ⁄U SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ‡ÊÊœ ∑§Ê •÷Êfl „UË „ÒU– v. ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ¬˝SÃÊfl ⁄UπÊ Á∑§ ∞◊.Á»§‹./¬Ë∞ø«UË SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U ‡ÊÊœ ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ ‡ÊÈÀ∑§ ◊¥ ∑§◊Ë ‹ÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– w. •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ë •flÁœ ÉÊ≈UÊ∑§⁄U x-z ‚Ê‹ ∑§⁄U ŒË ¡Ê∞– ß‚Ë Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– ߟ∑§ ¡Ÿ∑§ ◊ÁáÊ‹Ê‹ «UÊÚÄ≈U⁄U ‚◊¤Ê ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– •Ê¡ Ã∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ v|z ∑§ÁflÃÊ-‚¢ª˝„U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „UÊ øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U, ÁŸ’¢œÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ’Ê‚Œfl Á’‚È¢ŒÿÊ‹ ∑§Ë zÆÆ ‚ •Áœ∑§ ⁄UøŸÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ∑§„UÊŸË-‚¢ª˝„U, √ÿ¢Çÿ ÃÕÊ ‹ÉÊÈ-∑§ÕÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ üÊË ⁄UÊ◊Œfl œÈ⁄¢Uœ⁄U, ©U¬ãÿÊ‚Ê¥ ◊¥ üÊË •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ©UÀ‹πŸËÿ „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§ ¬˝SÃÊfl ÁŸêŸ „Ò¥Uó v. ¬˝Ê. ’Ê‚Œfl Á’‚È¢ŒÿÊ‹ ∑§Ë ⁄UøŸÊ•Ê¥ ¬⁄U πÊ¡ •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚◊¥ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ¬˝¬¢ø ◊¥ Ÿ„UË¥ ¬«∏UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– w. “Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê” ∑§Ë “ŒÈªÊ¸” ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ¬⁄U ª„U⁄UÊ •äÿÿŸ

x. ÁŒfl¢ªÃ ⁄UøŸÊ∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ ‚◊Sà ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§Ê Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹Ëÿ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ •äÿÿŸ– “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ” ∑§ ÷Ê·Ê-‚¢‚ÊœŸ ∑¥§º˝ ∑§ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË üÊË ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄UŒûÊ ÁflŸÿ ªÈŒÊ⁄UË Ÿ ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ∑§Ë ¬„U‹ ¬⁄U ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∞fl¢ ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ ‹Ê߸ ¡Ê ⁄U„UË ∑˝§Ê¢Áà ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– v. ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ zxÆ •äÿʬ∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê¢∑§Ê⁄U ¬Á⁄UÿÊ¡ŸÊ (SANKORE Project) ◊¥ ≈˛UÁŸ¢ª ŒË ¡Ê øÈ∑§Ë „ÒU, Á¡‚∑§Ê ‚¢’¢œ ∑§ˇÊÊ ◊¥ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ‚ „ÒU– w. ∑§ÊÚ‹¡Ê¥ ◊¥ $»§ÊÚ◊¸ y •ÊÒ⁄U z ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ≈U’‹≈U (Tablet) ÁflÃÁ⁄Uà Á∑§∞ ¡Ê øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄U „UÊ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– x. ߟ ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§ ‚Ë.«UË. ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ªß¸ „ÒU– y. ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊Í«U‹ å‹Ò≈U$»§Ê◊¸ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U „UÊ øÈ∑§Ê „ÒU– z. •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. ‚◊Áոà ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ◊È$çà ◊¥ ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË „Ò¥U– {. ∞∑§ ‚◊SÿÊ ’˝ÊÚ«U’Ò¥«U ߢ≈U⁄UŸ≈U ∑§Ê •÷Êfl „ÒU– ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ◊„¥Uº˝ Á∑§‡ÊÊ⁄U fl◊ʸ Ÿ ‚¢ÿÈÄà ⁄UÊÖÿ Á’˝≈UÊÁŸÿÊ (ÿÍ.∑§.) ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– fl„UÊ° ∑§ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ‚¢¬ãŸ „Ò¥U, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ Á„¢UŒË Á‚πŸflÊ‹ ’ëø ∑§ß¸ üÊÁáÊÿÊ¥ ∑§ „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê Á„¢UŒË Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË „ÒU ¬⁄U ß‚◊¥ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ∞° Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃË¥– v. ÿÍ⁄UÊ¬, •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ë ¡ŸÃÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸÊ øÊ„UÃË „Ò¥U, ¬⁄¢UÃÈ „U◊Ê⁄UË ÿÈflÊ ¬Ë…∏UË ◊¥ ß‚∑§ ¬˝Áà L§¤ÊÊŸ ∑§◊ „ÒU– ©UŸ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà •Ê∑§Á·¸Ã ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– w. ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÊª ∑§Ê Á’˝Á≈U‡Ê ∑§Ê©¢UÁ‚‹ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê-¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§

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ŸËÁÃÿÊ¥ ‚ ‚Ëπ ‹ŸË øÊÁ„U∞– üÊË •‡ÊÊ∑§ •Ê¤ÊÊ Ÿ ‚¢ÿÈÄà ⁄UÊÖÿ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê (USA) ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– v. ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ÿÊŒ ÁŒ‹ÊÿÊ Á∑§ ãÿÍÿÊÚ∑¸§ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ Á»§¡Ë, ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊, ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ¡Ò‚ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ◊ŒŒ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑¥§º˝ ∑§Ê ¬˝SÃÊfl Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– w. •Ê߸.‚Ë.‚Ë.•Ê⁄U. (ICCR) ∑§Ê Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ÷Ë ∞∑§ ‹ˇÿ „UÊŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞, ¡Ò‚ÊÁ∑§ Á’˝Á≈U‡Ê ∑§Ê©¢UÁ‚‹ •ÊÒ⁄U ∞‹Êÿ¢‚ $»˝§Ê¢‚¥ Ê (Alliance Francaise) ∑§Ê „ÒU– x. ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ‹Êß$»§‹Ê¥ª ‹ÁŸZª ߟ Á„¢UŒË (Lifelong Learning in Hindi) ∑§Ë œÊ⁄UáÊÊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë „ÒU, ¡„UÊ° √ÿÊ∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ªÊÒáÊ ⁄Uπ∑§⁄U •Ê◊ ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ ¬˝ÿÈÄà Á„¢UŒË Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– y. „U◊¥ •¬ŸË ÷ÊcÊÊ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ªfl¸ ∑§Ë ÷ÊflŸÊ ¡ªÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ¡ÊªM§∑§ÃÊ ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄UŸË øÊÁ„U∞– ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê ‚¢∑§ à ∑ȧ¿U ‚◊ÿ ¬„U‹ ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ∑§Ë ÁŸŒÁ‡Ê∑§Ê üÊË◊ÃË flË. ∑È¢§¡‹ Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ÕÊ– flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ∑§ŸÊ«UÊ ∑§ üÊË ⁄UàŸÊ∑§⁄U Ÿ⁄UÊ‹ Ÿ ¬⁄¢U¬⁄Uʪà Ã⁄UË∑§Ê¥ ‚ „U≈U∑§⁄U Ÿ∞ Ã⁄UË∑§ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËπŸ ∑§ •¬Ÿ ∞∑§ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë Á¡‚◊¥ xÆ ÉÊ¢≈U ∑§ •¢Œ⁄U-•¢Œ⁄U (•Õʸà x-x ÉÊ¢≈UÊ¥ ∑§ vÆ ¬ÊΔUÊ¥ ◊¥) $ªÒ⁄U-Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ë ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •ÊœÊ⁄U÷Íà ôÊÊŸ ¬˝Êåà „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– v. fl ß‚ Ã∑§ŸË∑§ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ∞∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ Sflÿ¢ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚ “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ” ∑§ ‚ÊÒ¡ãÿ ‚ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁflÃÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝SÃÊfl ⁄UπÃ „Ò¥U– „UÊÚ‹Ò¥«U ∑§ üÊË ŸÊ⁄UÊÿŸ ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ Ÿ ÷Ë flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ •¬Ÿ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë M§¬⁄UπÊ ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§Ë– fl„UÊ° yz Á„¢UŒË-S∑ͧ‹ „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° ‚åÃÊ„U ◊¥ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U Á„¢UŒË SflÒÁë¿U∑§ Ã⁄UË∑§ ‚ Á‚πÊ߸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU–

v. ‹Á∑§Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ⁄UÊ◊Ÿ Á‹Á¬ ◊¥ Á‹πŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝ÕÊ ‡ÊÈM§ „UÊ ªß¸ „ÒU Á¡‚∑§Ê fl ∑§«∏UÊ π¢«UŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ¬˝‡Ÿ‚òÊ ◊¥ ∞‚.‚Ë. •ÊÒ⁄U ∞ø.∞‚.‚Ë. ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ◊ÊÒÁπ∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ¬⁄U ÊÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ– ÿ„U ‚ȤÊÊfl ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ß‚∑§Ë ◊Ê°ª •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U$»§ ‚ ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸË øÊÁ„U∞– “◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ” ∑§ ¬˝Ê$»§‚⁄U ÁøÃ⁄¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ Ÿ ŸÊÒ∑§⁄UË ¬ÊŸ ∑§Ë ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– fl Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ àÿʪ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¡¸ŸÊà◊∑§ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥ ¬⁄U ’‹ ŒÃ „Ò¥U– ¡Ê„UÊ¢‚’ª¸ ◊¥ ‹ª Ÿfl¥ “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ” ◊¥ ©UŸ∑§Ë ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê •‹ª-•‹ª ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊Ê°ªÊ¥ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê Á Êê◊Ê ‚ÊÒ¥¬Ê ªÿÊ ÕÊ ¡Ê fl„U ’πÍ’Ë ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ÿ ©UŸ∑§ fl’‚Êß≈U ¬⁄U ©U¬‹éœ „Ò¥U– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÁà ‡Ê◊ʸ Ÿ ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§Ë– v. ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ fl·¸ ◊¥ x •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ˇÊòÊËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§Ë ÿÊ¡ŸÊ „ÒU– w. •Ê¡ ¡’ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∞∑§ flÒÁ‡fl∑§ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ‡ÊÁÄà ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ©U÷⁄U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU ÃÊ ∑§ß¸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ©Uà‚Ê„U ¬ÒŒÊ „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– x. Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ‚¢ÿÈÄà ⁄UÊÖÿ ∑§Ë •ÊÁœ∑§ÊÁ⁄U∑§ ÷Ê·Ê ’ŸÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ’Ê∑§Ë „ÒU– øÊÒœ⁄UË ø⁄UáÊ Á‚¢„U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ◊⁄UΔU ∑§ «UÊÿS¬Ê⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝flÊ‚Ÿ S≈U«UË Ê Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ ‚‹Ê„U∑§Ê⁄U üÊË «UÊÚ. ‚¢¡Ëfl ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ‡Ê◊ʸ Ÿ ¡Ê¬ÊŸ ∑§ ∑ȧ¿U ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ „UÃÈ ø‹Ê∞ ¡Ê ⁄U„U x ◊„UËŸ ∑§ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ ∑§Ê ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊ ÁŒÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§„UÊ Á∑§ ß‚ Ã⁄U„U ∑§ ‚◊¤ÊÊÒÃÊ-ôÊʬŸ (MOU) •ãÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÷Ë ∑§Êÿ◊

153


Á∑§∞ ¡Ê ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U Á¡‚◊¥ ¿UÊòÊ ∑§Ë ÿÊòÊÊ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄UÊ πø¸ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U fl„UŸ ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ©Uã„UÊ¥Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ •ãÿ Áfl·ÿ Á‚πÊ∞ ¡ÊŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ¬⁄U ÷Ë ’‹ ÁŒÿÊ– ©UŸ∑§Ê ◊ÊŸŸÊ „ÒU Á∑§ó v. Á„¢UŒË-¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ’ŸŸË øÊÁ„U∞– w. Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’ÊÚ‹ËflÈ«U ¬⁄U ÁŸ÷¸⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ ⁄U„UŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ flÊ Á¡ÃŸË ÷Ê·Ê Á‚πÊÃË Ÿ„UË¥, ©UÃŸË ‚¢S∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê „UÊÁŸ ¬„È°UøÊ ŒÃË „ÒU– x. ’ëøÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà L§Áø ¡ÊªÎà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ „ÒU– y. ’ëø ∑§Ê √ÿÊ∑§⁄UáÊ ¬…∏UÊŸÊ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „ÒU–

¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U ‚òÊ ◊¥ ÿ„U ◊Ê°ª ∑§Ë ªß¸ Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁflŒÁ‡ÊÿÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÈÀ∑§ ∑§◊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– v. Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœÿÊ¥ Ÿ ¬Í¿UÊ Á∑§ ÄÿÊ¥ Á„¢UŒË-ÁŒfl‚ ◊ŸÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ¡Ê »§¢«U ŒÃË ÕË, fl„U ’¢Œ „UÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– w. ÿ„U ÷Ë ¬˝SÃÊfl ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ Á∑§ •ª‹Ê “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ” ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ ◊‹Á‡ÊÿÊ, Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ÿÊ ß¢«UÊŸÁ‡ÊÿÊ ◊¥ ‹ª– ÿ ⁄U„UÊ “•¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ˇÊòÊËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ wÆvy” ∑§ ŒÊ ÁŒfl‚Ëÿ flÄÃ√ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚Ê⁄UÊ¢‡Ê– ß‚ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ ◊ȤÊ ∞◊.¡Ë.•Ê߸. ∑§ ’Ë.∞. ¿UÊòÊ-¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ¬˝Êåà „ÈU߸ „ÒU Á¡‚∑§ Á‹∞ ◊Ò¥ ©UŸ∑§ ¬˝Áà •Ê÷Ê⁄UË „Í°U–

154


w|. ªÊ‹◊ Ê ’ÒΔU∑§ üÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’œÈ

Ám

• Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ©UŸ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù ‚¢ª˝Á„Uà ∑§⁄U Á¡Ÿ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÙª •‹ª-•‹ª ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§– • √ÿÁÄÃÿÙ¥ ∑§ÊÃÕÊ ß◊Ê⁄UÃÙ¥ ¬⁄U ŸÊ◊-¬≈˜UÔ≈U Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ Á‹ÅÊ ¡Ê∞°–

ÁŒfl‚Ëÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvy ∑§Ù ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ¬⁄U ª„UŸ øøʸ fl ÁfløÊ⁄U-Áfl◊‡Ê¸ „UÃÈ ŒÙ ‚òÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ªÙ‹◊ Ê ’ÒΔU∑§ ‹ªÊ߸ ªß¸– ªÙ‹◊ Ê ‚òÊÙ¥ ∑§Ê Áfl·ÿ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊, ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§, ¬˝ÁflÁœÿÊ°, ¬˝ılÙÁª∑§Ë-‚◊ãflÿŸ •ÊÁŒ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ŸËÁÃÿÊ°, ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ°, ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÊ°, ‚¢‚ÊœŸ •ÊÁŒ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ⁄U„UÊ– ŒÙ ÁŒfl‚Ëÿ ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ ‚òÊÙ¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝SÃÈÁÃÿÙ¥ ◊¥ ߟ Áfl·ÿÙ¥ ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ‚ÍøŸÊ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U Œ‡Ê •ı⁄U ˇÊòÊ Áfl‡Ê· ∑§Ë ©U¬‹ÁéœÿÙ¥, ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÙ¥, øÈŸıÁÃÿÙ¥ fl ‚¢÷ÊflŸ•Ù¥ ¬⁄U ª„UŸ øøʸ fl ÁfløÊ⁄U-Áfl◊‡Ê¸ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ‚òÊ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ∑§ß¸ ¬˝SÃÊfl ‚Ê◊Ÿ •Ê∞ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ù Ãà∑§Ê‹ fl ‹¢’Ë •flÁœ ◊¥ ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ŒÙ üÊÁáÊÿÙ¥ ◊¥ ’Ê°≈UÊ ªÿÊ–

Ãà∑§Ê‹ ∑§ÊÿÊZflÿŸ ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ ªÁ÷¸Ã ¬˝SÃÊfló

‹¢’Ë •flÁœ ◊¥ ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ „UÃÈ ¬˝SÃÊfló

• Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ •Ê¬‚ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ’Êà ∑§⁄¥U– • Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ √ÿÊfl‚ÊÁÿ∑§ ÁŸÿ◊ ÷Ë ¡Ù«∏U ¡Ê∞° ¡Ò‚ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ¬˝’œ¢ Ÿ fl Á„¢UŒË •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∞fl¢ ¬òÊ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÃÊ– • SÕÊŸËÿ ≈UË.flË. ¬⁄U ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ∑§Ê≈͸UŸ Á»§À◊¥ ¬˝‚ÊÁ⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞– • ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ¡Ò‚ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù •Áœ∑§ •Ê∑§·¸∑§ ’ŸÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞– • Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ÷¢«UÊ⁄U (Repository) •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ ©U¬‹éœ ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞ Á¡‚‚ ‚÷Ë ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡Ê ‹Ê÷ ©UΔUÊ ‚∑¥§– • ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-•flÁœ (periods) ∑§Ù ’…∏UÊ∑§⁄U •¢ª˝ ÊË •ı⁄U $»˝¥§ø ¡Ò‚ ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞– • ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UÙ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á◊‹∑§⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ fl Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ „UÃÈ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ∞° ’ŸÊ∞°– 155

• Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ◊¥ Ÿ„UM§øÿ⁄U (chair) SÕÊÁ¬Ã „UÙ– • Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ù ’…∏UÊflÊ ŒŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ù¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ¿UÊòÊflÎÁûÊÿÊ° ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞ ¡Ò‚ ≈U⁄U‡Ê⁄UË ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ ∑§Á◊‡ÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, flœÊ¸, ÷Ê⁄UÃ, Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê •ÊÁŒ– • Á„¢UŒË fl •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. ◊¥ •ŸÈ÷flË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÙ¥ ÃÕÊ ŒÍ⁄USÕ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ fl ß-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ∞∑§ Áfl‡Ê·ôÊ ∑§Ù ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷¡Ê ¡Ê∞– • ªÿÊŸÊ ¡Ò‚ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷¡Ê ¡Ê∞– • Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ¿UÊòÊflÎÁûÊ ¬˝Êåà ¿UÊòÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ∑§Ù߸ ÷Ë Áfl·ÿ ‚ËÅÊ ‚∑¥§– • Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝‡Êʢà ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥, Á»§¡Ë •ÊÁŒ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑¥§º˝ ÅÊÙ‹Ê ¡Ê∞– • ãÿÍ ÿÊÚ∑¸§ fl Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ ∞∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑¥§º˝ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞ Á¡‚‚ ‹ÙªÊ¥ Ã∑§ ÃÕÊ •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-‚Ê◊Áª˝ÿÊ° ÁflÃÁ⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞– • ⁄UÙÁ«˛UÇ‚ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑¥§º˝ ÅÊÙ‹Ê ¡Ê∞– • „U⁄U ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ‡ÊÊÅÊÊ „UÙ •ı⁄U ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§Ù ◊Í‹÷Íà Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ∑§


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‚ÊÕ ¡Ù«∏UÊ ¡Ê∞– ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ŒÙ Ã⁄U$»§Ê „UÙ– ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ «US∑§ ∑§Êÿ◊ ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞– •fl∑§Ê‡Ê ¬˝Êåà •äÿʬ∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù ŒÍ‚⁄U ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷¡Ê ¡Ê∞– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÁŸÁœ ∑§Êÿ◊ ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞ Á¡‚◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ •ŸÈŒÊŸ Œ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U– ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ / Á„¢UŒË ÁŒfl‚ ◊ŸÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë •Ù⁄U ‚ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ŒË ¡Ê∞– Á„¢UŒË ‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ë Ÿ≈UflÁ∑Z§ª ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞– ≈UË◊ ∑§Êÿ◊ ∑§Ë ¡Ê∞ ¡Ù ÉÊ⁄U-ÉÊ⁄U ¡Ê∑§⁄U ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù Á„¢UŒË

‚ËÅÊŸ ∑§ ◊„Uàfl ¬⁄U ’Êà ∑§⁄¥U– • ‚÷Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ŒÍÃÊflÊ‚ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ÷Ë ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄U– • Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ-‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ¡Ò‚Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ fl •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ∑§Ë ÃÒÿÊ⁄UË ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ fl ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§ •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ •ı⁄U ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬Á⁄U·Œ (NCERT) mÊ⁄UÊ ‚„UÿÙª– • •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ üÊÈÁËπ •ÊÁŒ ¬˝ÁÃÿÙÁªÃÊ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÙ¡Ÿ •ı⁄U Áfl¡ÃÊ ∑§Ù ÷Ê⁄Uà ¡ÊŸ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U– ߟ ¬˝SÃÊflÊ¥ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ ‚◊ʬŸ ‚òÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ‚ ‚¢’h ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ◊¢Ã√ÿ ¬˝SÃÊÁflà •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà Á∑§∞ ª∞–

156


÷ʪ-w — flÄÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬Á⁄Uøÿ



•¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊcÔ≈˛UËÿ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ flÄÃÊ ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹ •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ v~z{ ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ flŸS¬Áà ÁflôÊÊŸ ◊¥ ∞◊.Á»§‹. Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU ÃÕÊ v~}y ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÁflŒ‡Ê ‚flÊ ‚ ¡È«∏U– Ã’ ‚ •Ê¬Ÿ ◊ÁÄ‚∑§Ê Á‚≈UË, ‹Ë◊Ê, ’‹ª˝«U, ’˝È‚À‚, Áfl∞ŸÊ fl êÿÍÁŸÅÊ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ⁄UÊ¡ŸÁÿ∑§ Á◊‡ÊŸÊ¥ ÃÕÊ ¬ŒÊ¥ ¬⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„U– ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ •Ê¬ ¬Ífl˸ ÿÍ⁄UÊ¬ ¬˝÷ʪ fl ŒÁˇÊáÊ ¬Ífl¸ ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ ¬˝÷ʪ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„U ÃÕÊ ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ÁŸ⁄USòÊË∑§⁄UáÊ, SÕʬŸÊ fl ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚ÁŸ∑§ ¬˝÷ʪ ◊¥ •äÿˇÊ ∑§ ¬Œ ∑§Ù ‚¢÷Ê‹Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ ∑§ß¸ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ fl •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ „ÒU ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê •Ê¬ •¬ŸË ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê ◊ÊŸÃ „Ò¥U fl ©U‚∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‹ª ⁄U„UÃ „Ò¥U– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvy ‚ •Ê¬ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄà „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚Á„Uà •ãÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝ªÁà „UÃÈ SÕÊŸËÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ù •¬ŸÊ ¬Íáʸ ‚„UÿÊª ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– wÆvy ◊¥ •Ê¬Ÿ ÃÁ◊‹ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ÷Ù¡¬È⁄UË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ÃÕÊ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ◊¥ Áfl‡Ê· fl ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê߸–

üÊË ‚àÿŒfl ≈¥Uª⁄U •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ vw •¬˝Ò‹, v~zy ∑§Ê „ÈU•Ê– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„U¢ŒË ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ê ◊„Uûfl¬Íáʸ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË S∑ͧ‹ ‚„U∑§ÊÁ⁄UÃÊ ‚¢ÉÊ ∑§ ◊„UÊ‚Áøfl ⁄U„U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ •Ê∑˝§Ê‡Ê Á„¢UŒË ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§ ÃÕÊ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ ∑§ ¬˝œÊŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-„UË-‚ÊÕ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÊ‚Ë ¬Á⁄UcÊŒ˜ ∑§ ‚ŒSÿ ÷Ë „ÒU–

üÊË ‹ˇ◊Ë ΔUÊ∑ȧ⁄UË •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ w{ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, v~zy ∑§Ù „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ ∞◊.∞‚.‚Ë. ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§ ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ, ¬Ë.¡Ë.‚Ë.߸., ’Ë.∞. (•ÊÚŸ‚¸) Á„¢UŒË, „UÊÿ⁄U S∑ͧ‹ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U, S∑ͧ‹ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬ x fl·¸ ∑Ò¥§Á’˝¡ S∑ͧ‹ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U ¬⁄UˡÊÊ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË-‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ-¬òÊ ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ ¬⁄UˡÊ∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„U ÃÕÊ vw fl·ÙZ Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË-¬òÊ ∑§ ¬⁄UˡÊ∑§ ÷Ë ⁄U„U– •Ê¬ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∞fl¢ ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ, ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ fl flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§ •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË, ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚∑§, ⁄UÄ≈U⁄U ÃÕÊ ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„U∑§ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊ ÷Ë ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– 159


‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∞fl¢ ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ, ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ fl •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ÊÙŸ y ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„U∑§ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ÁŸŒ‡Ê „Ò¥U–

üÊË◊ÃË ◊ŸËcÊÊ ⁄UÊ◊⁄UÄπÊ •Ê¬Ÿ ’Ë.∞. fl ∞◊.∞. •Õ¸‡ÊÊSòÊ (v~|z-v~||) ÃÕÊ ’Ë.∞. fl ∞◊.∞. Á„¢UŒË (v~{~-v~|v) Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ‚¢flœ¸Ÿ ¬Á⁄U·Œ, ÷Ê⁄Uà mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚flË ‚ê◊ÊŸ, Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚Á◊Áà mÊ⁄UÊ Á»§¡Ë ‚Á◊Áà ‚ê◊ÊŸ ÃÕÊ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, Á»§¡Ë mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝◊ÊáʬòÊ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø‚¸ •‚ÊÁ‚∞‡ÊŸ •ÊÚfl Á»§¡Ë ∑§Ë ¬˝œÊŸ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ Á»§¡Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ‚ŒSÿÊ ÷Ë– •Ê¬Ÿ •¬Ÿ ¡ËflŸ ∑§ x{ fl·¸ Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê fl ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ‚◊Á¬¸Ã Á∑§ÿÊ fl ‚flÊÁŸflÎÁûÊ „UÊŸ ∑§ ¬‡øÊà ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„UË¥– •Ê¬∑§Ë ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÒÁÃ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ, ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÊŸfl œ◊¸ ÃÕÊ }flË¥ ∑§ˇÊÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‡Êʇflà ôÊÊŸ} ∑§Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑¥§ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– wÆvz ◊¥ •Ê¬Ÿ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ÃÕÊ v~~| ◊¥ Á»§¡Ë Áª⁄UÁ◊≈U ∑§ÊÒ¥Á‚‹ •ÊÚfl flË◊Ÿ (Fiji Girmit Council of Women), flÁ‹¢ª≈UŸ, ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸‚òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ–

‚ÈüÊË ©UŒËøË ¬Ê¢«Uÿ •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê ÃÕÊ ÁflflÊ„U ∑§ ¬‡øÊà ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~{ ◊¥ •Ê¬ Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U •ÊßZ– •Ê¬Ÿ ªÊ⁄Uπ¬È⁄U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ SŸÊÃ∑§ ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë– v~~~ ◊¥ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ‚ ¡È«∏UË¥ ÃÕÊ ÁflÁ÷㟠ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚$»§‹ÃʬÍfl¸∑§ ‚¢‹ÇŸ ⁄U„UË¥– vÆ ‚Ê‹ ∑§ •äÿʬŸ •ŸÈ÷fl ∑§ ’ÊŒ •Ê¬Ÿ ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvÆ ◊¥ ◊ÊÃÎ÷Ê·Ê Áfl‡Ê·ôÊ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË (Mother Tongue Specialist Officer) ∑§Ê ©UûÊ⁄UŒÊÁÿàfl ‚¢÷Ê‹Ê– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvw ◊¥ •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ∑§Ë ◊ÈÅÿ •äÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê ’ŸË¥ ÃÕÊ •’ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÁŸàÿ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „Ò¥U–

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üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê ÃÕÊ w| ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ •Ê¬ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ∑§Ë ÁŸflÊ‚Ë „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ∞«UflÊ¢S«U Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê Á„¢UŒË (‚Ë.∞ø.•Ê߸), Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ (ÿÍ.∞‚.¬Ë., Á»§¡Ë), ≈UËÁø¢ª Á„¢UŒË •Ê Ê ‚∑¢§«U ‹Ò¥Çfl¡, ’Ë.∞., Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê Á’ ÊŸ‚ ∞«UÁ◊ÁŸS≈˛U‡ÊŸ (◊Ò‚Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U), Á„¢UŒË •Á÷ÁflãÿÊ‚ (◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ) Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬ ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ Áfl∑§Ê‚ Áfl‡Ê·ôÊ ÃÕÊ ÷Ê·Ê ∞fl¢ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ë Á‡ÊÁˇÊ∑§Ê „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ Á»§¡Ë ∑§ ∑§ÊÚ‹¡Ê¥ ◊¥ Á‡ÊÁˇÊ∑§Ê ⁄U„U øÈ∑§Ë „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ wÆ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ ’ëøÊ¥ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U flÿS∑§Ê¥ Ã∑§ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË fl ‚¢S∑ΧÁà Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ¬˝flÎûÊ „Ò¥U– ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ÷Ë ‹πÃË „Ò¥U– ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ Á„¢UŒË S∑ͧ‹ ∑§Ë ‚¢øÊÁ‹∑§Ê „ÒU ÃÕÊ ∑§êÿÈÁŸ≈UË ‹Ò¥Çfl¡ Ê ∞‚ÊÁ‚∞‡ÊŸ •ÊÚfl ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÊ ÷Ë „Ò¥U–

üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹Ê ◊„UÃÊ üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹Ê ◊„UÃÊ Á‚«UŸË, •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚◊ÈŒÊÿ ∑§ ’Ëø •àÿ¢Ã ¬˝Á‚h „USÃË „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ Á‚«UŸË ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê߸ „ÒU– •Ê¬Ÿ v~}| ◊¥ Á‚«UŸË ◊¥ ßãŒÊ •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿŸ ’Ê‹ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ë– •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿŸ S∑ͧ‹Ê¥ ∑§ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ‚Áê◊Á‹Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ •Ê¬Ÿ ’„ÈUà ‚¢ÉÊ·¸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢øÊÁ‹Ã S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ z fl·¸ ∑§Ë •ÊÿÈ ‚ „UË ¿UÊòÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚ËÅÊŸ •ÊÃ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ Á‚«UŸË ◊¥ •¬Ÿ S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ Ÿ ∑§fl‹ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê ∑§⁄UflÊÿÊ ’ÁÀ∑§ fl„UÊ° ∑§ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚◊ÈŒÊÿ ∑§ ’Ëø ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ¬˝Áà ¡Êª˝È∑§ÃÊ ‹ÊŸ ◊¥ ÷Ë ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ÁŸ÷Ê߸ „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§Ê wÆvz ◊¥ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚ê◊ÊŸ ÷Ë ¬˝Êåà „ÈU•Ê „ÒU–

üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹ÃË ⁄UÊ◊’‹Ë ÄflÊ ÊÈ‹È Ÿ≈UÊ‹ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ •Ê¬∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë Á«Uª˝Ë ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U „UÃÈ •Ê¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ ¡ËflŸ ∑§ xÆ fl·¸ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢ÉÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊Á¬¸Ã Á∑§ÿÊ– •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ ¬ÊΔUU, ÷¡Ÿ-ªÊŸ ÃÕÊ „UÊ⁄U◊ÊÁŸÿ◊ ◊¥ ÷Ë L§Áø ⁄UπÃË „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ∑§ß¸ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ ÃÕÊ ‡ÊÊœ ¬òÊ ÷Ë ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§Ë ¬Ê°ø ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° ~fl¥ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈUßZ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvÆ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ‚¢ÉÊ mÊ⁄UÊ •Ê¬∑§Ê •¬Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚flÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁfllÊ ⁄UàŸ ‚ê◊ÊŸ ‚ ‚ê◊ÊÁŸÃ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ∑§ÁflÃÊ ‚¢∑§‹Ÿ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U–

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üÊË „UË⁄UÊ‹Ê‹ Á‡ÊflŸÊÕ •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ «U⁄U’Ÿ, ÄflÊ ÊÈ‹-È Ÿ≈UÊ‹, ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»§˝ Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ ÄflÊ¡È‹-È Ÿ≈UÊ‹ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ SŸÊÃ∑§ SÃ⁄U ÃÕÊ ⁄UÊc≈˛U÷Ê·Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚Á◊ÁÃ, flœÊ¸ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝Êåà ∑§Ë „ÒU– ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ üÊË ¬¢Á«Uà Ÿ⁄UŒfl flŒÊ‹¢∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ◊ʪ¸Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ◊¥ üÊË ŒË¬ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ⁄UÊ◊¬˝‚ÊŒ øÊÒœ⁄UË ÃÕÊ flÁŒ∑§Ê ∑§◊¸ ∑§Ê¢«UÊ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ôÊÊŸ ¬˝Êåà Á∑§ÿÊ– •Ê¬Ÿ vx fl·¸ ∑§Ë •ÊÿÈ ‚ „UË Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÃÕÊ flÒÁŒ∑§ ¬˝ÊÕ¸ŸÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ •Ê⁄U¢U÷ Á∑§ÿÊ– •Ê¬ ∞∑§ ∑ΧÁ· •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ◊¥ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ‚Ê◊ÈŒÊÁÿ∑§ ‚flÊ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ’‚„UÊ⁄UÊ fl ŒÈ—πË ’ëøÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ŒŒ ÷Ë ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U–

«UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ¡⁄UÊŸË ªÊÁ’Ÿ •Ê¬Ÿ ÁŒÀ‹Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ’Ë.∞. •ÊÒ⁄U ∞◊.∞. Á„¢UŒË Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ‚ÊÕ „UË •Ê¬Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ “SflÊâòÿÊûÊ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ÁflÃÊ ◊¥ ŸÊÚS≈ÒUÁÀ¡ÿÊ ÷ÊflŸÊ” ¬⁄U ¬Ë∞ø«UË ÷Ë ∑§Ë „ÒU– •Ê¬ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ ◊¥ ¬Ífl¸ Áfl÷ʪÊäÿˇÊ ∞fl¢ flÁ⁄UcΔUU ¬˝ÊäÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË Áfl÷ʪ ◊¥ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ‡ÊÊœ∑§Ãʸ ÷Ë ⁄U„U øÈ∑§Ë „Ò¥U– SÕÊŸËÿ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ¡Ò‚ “fl‚¢Ã” •ÊÒ⁄U “Á⁄U◊Á¤Ê◊” ÃÕÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ë ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U– “ªªŸÊ¢ø‹” ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ê ‹π ÷Ë ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– „UÊ‹ „UË ◊¥ •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ ∑Χà “⁄UÊ∑§ ŒÊ ∑§Êã„UÊ” ∑§Ê »˝¥§ø ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ •Ê¬Ÿ •ŸÈflÊŒ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU ÃÕÊ flÿS∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‘Apprenons Hindi, Introductory Course in Hindi’ ∑§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ–

«UÊÚ. üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢ÿÈÄÃÊ ÷ÈflŸ-⁄UÊ◊‚Ê⁄UÊ •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ ~ Ÿfl¢’⁄U, v~y| ∑§Ê „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, •Êª⁄UÊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ÷ÊÁ·∑§ •ŸÈ¬˝ÿÈÄà ÷Ê·Ê ŒˇÊÃÊ ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ù◊Ê, ∑§’∑§ Ã‹ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË ‚ Á«Uå‹Ù◊Ê, ÁŒÀ‹Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ’Ë.∞., ∞◊.•Ê߸.߸., ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ ¬Ë.¡Ë.‚Ë.߸., ©US◊ÊÁŸÿÊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ∞◊.∞. ÃÕÊ ÁŒÀ‹Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ¬Ë-∞ø.«UË.– •Ê¬∑§ •Ÿ∑§ ‹ÅÊ ¬òÊ-¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ù¥ ◊¥ ÃÕÊ “•Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ ∑§ ©U¬ãÿÊ‚Ù¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒËÃ⁄U ÷ÊÁ·∑§ ¬˝ÿÙª” Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ¬Ë-∞ø.«UË. ‡ÊÙœ¬òÊ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡ÊÖ •Ê¬ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹ ¬ÊΔUÔ˜ÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ‹ÅÊŸ-¬ÒŸ‹ ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿÃÿÊ flÿS∑§Ù¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÊΔUÔ˜ÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ‹ÅÊŸ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ’˝ÊÚ«U∑§ÊÁS≈¢Uª ∑§ÊÚ⁄U¬Ù⁄U‡ÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ⁄UÁ«UÿÙ fl ≈UË.flË. ¬˝SÃÈÃ∑§Ãʸ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ÷Ë ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU–

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üÊË flË⁄U¡ÊŸ¢Œ •flÃÊ⁄U •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ xÆ ¡ÍŸ, v~z| ∑§Ê „ÈU•Ê ÃÕÊ •Ê¬∑§ ¬Ífl¸¡ ’‹⁄UÊ◊¬È⁄U, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ πÊl ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë (Food Technology) ∑§Ê •äÿÿŸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU fl Á„¢UŒË ⁄UàŸ ∑§ ÁfllÊÕ˸ ÷Ë ⁄U„U øÍ∑§ „Ò¥U– vw fl·ÊZ ‚ •Ê¬ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „Ò¥U ∞fl¢ vz fl·ÊZ ‚ •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¥ ∑§◊¸∑§Ê¢«UË ¬¢Á«Uà ÷Ë „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ‚⁄UÊ„UŸËÿ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U–

‚ÈüÊË flcʸáÊË ©UœÊ Á‚¢„U •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ ¬∑§„UÊ◊, ÿÍ.∑§. ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê, ¡„UÊ° Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§ ’ÊŒ •Ê¬Ÿ ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ, ¬˝’¢œŸ, ’Ë◊Ê, ’Ò¥Á∑¢§ª •ÊÁŒ ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ÃÕÊ z ∑§ÊŸÍŸË »§◊¸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬Ê⁄Uʋ˪‹ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~| ◊¥ ÁŸflÊ‚ ∑§⁄UŸ ÃÕÊ ¬Ê⁄Uʋ˪‹ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ªÿÊŸÊ ¬˝flÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ, ¡„UÊ° ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~~ ◊¥ ÷⁄Uà ¡ªŒfl ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÁflflÊ„U „ÈU•Ê ¡Ê ªÿÊŸÊ ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛U¬Áà ’Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê¬ ªÿÊŸÊ ∑§Ë »§S≈¸U ‹«UË ’ŸË¥– Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ‚ÊÕ •Ê¬∑§Ê ÷ÊflÊà◊∑§ ‹ªÊfl ¬˝‡Ê¢‚ŸËÿ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê¬ ªÿÊŸÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ©UãŸÿŸ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà •Ÿ∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ¡È«∏UË „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ ªÿÊŸÊ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚÷Ê ∑§Ë ‚¢⁄UÁˇÊ∑§Ê •ÊÒ⁄U Á«UflÊߟ øÒÁ⁄U≈U’‹ ‚Ê‚Êß≈UË ∑§Ë ‚¢⁄UÁˇÊ∑§Ê ÃÕÊ ‚Áøfl ÷Ë „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ ªÿÊŸÊ ◊¥ ’„ÈU•ÊÿÊ◊Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ •Á÷ÿÊŸÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚¢‹ÇŸ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ‡ÊÊ¢Áà fl ◊ÊŸfl •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ¬ˇÊ ◊¥ •Ê¢ŒÊ‹Ÿ ∑§⁄UÃË ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U– ªÿÊŸÊ ∑§ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ÿ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË •ÊÚfl ¬Ë‚ S≈U«UË¡ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊ¢Áà •äÿÿŸ ◊¥ Á«Uª˝Ë ÷Ë ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ Á∑§«˜U‚ »§S≈¸U »¢§«U ∑§Ë ÃÕÊ Á‚Á≈U Ê¥‚ ∞«UflÊß‚ éÿÍ⁄UÊ ∑§Ë ‚¢⁄UÁˇÊ∑§Ê ∞fl¢ ‚Áøfl, ∑§⁄UÊ≈U ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ ÃÕÊ, ∞‚. y »§Ê©¢U«U‡ÊŸ ∑§ ’Ê«¸U ∑§Ë ‚ŒSÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ê‹ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U ÃÕÊ ’Ê‹ üÊ◊ ∑§ ÁflL§h ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ ‚Á◊Áà ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ •ÊÿÊª ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÊ ÷Ë „Ò¥U–

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«UÊÚ. •‹∑§Ê œŸ¬Ã •Ê¬Ÿ Á„¢UŒË ◊¥ ¬Ë∞ø«UË, ∞◊.Á»§‹., ∞◊.∞., ’Ë.∞. Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§Ë ¬ÈSÃ∑§ “‚ʇÊÿ ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ⁄UÊà ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ ÃÕÊ •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ÃÊ” ÃÕÊ ∑§„UÊŸË “ŒŒ¸ •¬ŸÊ-•¬ŸÊ” ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– ‚ÊÕ „UË •Ê¬∑§ •Ÿ∑§ ‹π fl ‡ÊÊœ ¬òÊ ªfl·áÊÊ, ⁄UÊ¡÷Ê·Ê ◊¢¡Í·Ê (‡ÊÊœ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê), ªªŸÊ¢ø‹, fl‚¢Ã, Á⁄U◊Á¤Ê◊, ‚È◊Ÿ •ÊÁŒ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– •Ê¬∑§Ê ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚ê◊ÊŸ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚flË ‚ê◊ÊŸ ¬˝ÊåÔà „Ò¥U– ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ ∑§Ë flÁ⁄UcÔΔU ¬˝ÊäÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ∑§ß¸ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ fl ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ ÿÕÊ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã SòÊË-Áfl◊‡Ê¸ fl ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ÃÊ ¬⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê, •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ¬Ë.•Ê⁄U. ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§ÊÚ‹¡, •Ê¢œ˝ ¬˝Œ‡Ê, •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ◊È¢’߸ ¬˝Ãʬ ∑§ÊÚ‹¡, •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ˇÊòÊËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, ⁄UÊ◊∑§ÕÊ, •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ ‚¥≈U⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ, ’Ò¥∑§ÊÚ∑§, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ mÊ⁄UÊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã •ŸÈflÊŒ, ‚¢øÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê∞° •ÊÁŒ–

«UÊÚ. ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊œÊ⁄UË •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ ww.vw.|x, ◊’ª¸, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê– ¡Ÿfl⁄UË wÆvx ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ (‡ÊÊœ-Áfl·ÿ — ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Á„¢UŒË ŸÊ≈˜UÔÿ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ◊¥ •‚È⁄UˇÊÊ-÷Êfl) ¬˝ÊåÔà ∑§Ë– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~z ‚ •Ê¬ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ∞fl¢ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ ¡È«∏UË „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U– ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ ‹πŸ ∞fl¢ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÊ ÃÕÊ flÁ⁄UcΔU √ÿÊÅÿÊÃÊ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∞Ç ÊÊÁ◊Ÿ‡ÊŸ Á‚¢Á«U∑§≈U ◊¥ ∞ø∞‚‚Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ‚‹Ê„U∑§Ê⁄U ‚Á◊Áà (HSC syllabus, advisory committee), ∑§‹Ê ∞fl¢ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË «˛UÊ◊Ê ∑§Á◊≈UË ÃÕÊ $»§ÊÚ◊¸ z ∑§Ë ¬ÊΔ˜ÔUÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ‹πŸ ¬ÒŸ‹ ∑§Ë ‚ŒSÿÊ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ “fl‚¢Ã” ∞fl¢ “Á⁄U◊Á¤Ê◊” ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÈÅÿ ‚¢¬ÊÁŒ∑§Ê „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ All India Radio ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ fl ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ¬⁄U flŒÊ¥ ¬⁄U ‚¢Œ‡Ê ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞– •Ê¬Ÿ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ∞fl¢ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ◊¢øÊ¥ ¬⁄U •Ê‹π ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞ „Ò¥U–

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üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ vv ¡Ÿfl⁄UË, v~zx ∑§Ê „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ ∞◊.∞. Á„¢UŒË, ’Ë.∞. Á„¢UŒË flË Ê ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ, Á„¢UŒË ∞fl¢ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, ≈UËø‚¸ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U, ≈UÊßê‚ •ÊÚfl ߢÁ«UÿÊ (’¢’߸) ‚ ¬òÊ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÃÊ ◊¥ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U ∑§Ê‚¸ ÃÕÊ ¬òÊ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÃÊ ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ ‹πŸ fl ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ ◊¥ “fl‚¢Ã” •ÊÒ⁄U “Á⁄U◊Á¤Ê◊” ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ flÁ⁄UcΔU ©U¬-‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ´§Á· ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ¬Êÿ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ’Ë.∞. ∑§ ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§ ÷Ë „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ vÆ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ ÷Ë •Áœ∑§ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ÃÕÊ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ‹πŸ ¬ÒŸ‹ ∑§ ‚ŒSÿ ⁄U„U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Á$»§À◊ Á«Ufl‹ÊÚå◊¥≈U ∑§ÊÚ⁄U¬Ê⁄U‡ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ߢÁ«UÿŸ Á$»§À◊ $»§ÁS≈Ufl‹ ∑§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ∑§ß¸ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§∞– •Ê¬∑§ •Ÿ∑§ ∑§ÁflÃÊ ‚¢ª˝„U, ∑§„UÊŸË ‚¢ª˝„U fl ‹ÉÊÈ∑§ÕÊ ‚¢ª˝„U ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– wÆvw ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ê •ÊœÊ⁄UÁ‡Ê‹Ê, ŸÒÁŸÃÊ‹ mÊ⁄UÊ “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ⁄UàŸ” ‚ê◊ÊŸ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ mÊ⁄UÊ “Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊ÊŸ” ‚ ‚◊ÊŒÎà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ–

üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢äÿÊ ŒflË •¢ø⁄UÊ Ê-Ÿfl‚Ê„U •Ê¬Ÿ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ÿ ‹Ë«U⁄UÁ‡Ê¬ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊ ◊¥ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË., ≈UËø ʸ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U ¬˝Êß◊⁄UË, ∞◊.∞. Á„¢UŒË, ’Ë.∞. (•ÊÚŸ‚¸) Á„¢UŒË, „UÊÿ⁄U S∑ͧ‹ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U, S∑ͧ‹ ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U Á∑§ÿÊ ÃÕÊ ¬Ë∞ø«UË ¡Ê⁄UË „ÒU– ∞∑§ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ‚¢∑§‹Ÿ ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ë ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ •Ê¬∑§ é‹ÊÚª HYPERLINK “htp//www.dakshinidruv.blogspot.com” www.dakshinidruv.blogspot.com ¬⁄U •Ê¬∑§Ë •Ÿ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ÁflÃÊ∞° ¬˝Êåÿ „Ò¥U– ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝Êà‚ÊÁ„Uà ∑§⁄UŸ „UÃÈ ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvy ◊¥ •Ê¬ ∞◊.’Ë.‚Ë ∑§Ë “ÿÈflÊ ◊¢ø” ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ ◊¥ ÁŸáÊʸÿ∑§ ◊¢«U‹ ∑§Ë ‚ŒSÿÊ ’ŸË¥ ÃÕÊ ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆ| ‚ •’ Ã∑§ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚¢flÊŒ fl Á„¢UŒË ‚¢ªΔUŸ ∑§Ë ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ‚ŒSÿÊ „Ò¥U– ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊Ê∑§Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ √ÿÊÅÿÊÃÊ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ •Ÿ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ fl •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ∞fl¢ ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ ÃÕÊ ‡ÊÊœ ¬òÊ ÷Ë ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ– •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„UÃË „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ •ÊÚŸ‹Êߟ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄U é‹ÊÚªÊ¥ ¬⁄U ÁŸÿÁ◊à M§¬ ‚ •Ê¬ŸÊ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UÃË ⁄U„UÃË „Ò¥U–

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üÊË ÿ¢ÃÈŒfl ’ÈœÈ •Ê¬Ÿ ∞‚.‚Ë., ¡Ë.‚Ë.߸., ∞ ‹fl‹ (Á„¢UŒË), ©UûÊ◊Ê, ≈UË.≈UË.‚Ë. ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U, ∞«UflÊ¢S«U ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U ߟ ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ, ≈UËø‚¸ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ßŸ ∞¡È∑§‡ÊŸ ◊ÒŸ¡◊¥≈U, ∑¢§åÿÍ≈U⁄U ∑§Ê‚¸ (‚Ë.‚Ë.¬Ë., •Ê߸.‚Ë.x) Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ — ‹ÉÊÈ ∑§ÕÊ ‚¢ª˝„U “’‚ ø‹Ë ªß¸”, ÁflŒ‡Ê ÃÕÊ SÕÊŸËÿ ¬òÊ-¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ •ãÿ ∑§„UÊÁŸÿÊ° ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– •ãÿ ¡ÊŸ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ° — •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ •äÿˇÊ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ÷flŸ ‚¢Œ‡Ê ∑§ ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§ ÷Ë „Ò¥U– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|{ ‚ wÆvx Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË •äÿʬ∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ‚¢¬˝Áà •Ê¬ flÊ‹ Œ ¬˝à ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê ∑§ ©U¬-◊ÈÅÿÊäÿʬ∑§ „Ò¥U–

«UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ •Ê¬Ÿ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|~ ◊¥ Áfl∑˝§◊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ©UÖ¡ÒŸ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ’Ë.∞. ¡Ÿ⁄U‹, ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~}x ◊¥ •ÊS◊ÊÁŸÿÊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ∞◊.∞. Á„¢UŒË, ¡ËflÊ¡Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ¬Ë-∞ø.«UË. Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§ •Ÿ∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U ÿÕÊ ∞∑§ ‚◊Á¬¸Ã ¡ËflŸ, ¬˝÷È Á◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ªËÃ, ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ‹Ê∑§ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸÃÊ ‚⁄U Á‡Êfl‚ʪ⁄U ⁄UÊ◊ªÈ‹Ê◊, SflâòÊÃÊ ∑§ •◊⁄U ‚⁄UÊŸË — ‚ÈπŒfl Á’‚ÈŸŒÿÊ‹, Hinduism for HSC, Abridged Version of Satyarthprakash, Hindu names in Mauritius, Arya Samaj Movement in Mauritius and South Africa, Vedic Marriages in Mauritius,

‚◊¬¸áÊ •ÊÁŒ– ’˝rÊÔ ¬Õ, ‚¢äÿÊ NUŒÿ¢, •ÁÇŸ„UÊòÊ◊, ©U¬Ê‚ŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁflôÊÊŸ ÃÕÊ fl⁄UŒÊ flŒÊ ◊ÊÃÊ ¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§ ÷Ë ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆ| ‚ •Ê¬ ´§Á· ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ «UËŸ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~| ‚ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ¬˝’¢œ ‚Á◊Áà ∑§ ‚ŒSÿ ÷Ë „Ò¥U– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆÆv ‚ wÆÆx Ã∑§ •Ê¬ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ◊¥ ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§ fl ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~}v ‚ v~~Æ Ã∑§ •äÿʬ∑§ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ∑§ß¸ SÕÊŸËÿ ÃÕÊ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ– •Êÿ¸ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‚∑˝§Ëÿ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ŒÃ •Ê∞ „Ò¥U–

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üÊË Œfl÷⁄Uà ‚Ë⁄Uß •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ ~ Ÿfl¢’⁄U, v~y| ∑§Ê „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, •Êª⁄UÊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ÷ÊÁ·∑§ •ŸÈ¬˝ÿÈÄà ÷Ê·Ê ŒˇÊÃÊ ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, ∑§’∑§ Ã‹ ÿÍÁŸflÁ‚¸≈UË ‚ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, ÁŒÀ‹Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ’Ë.∞., ∞◊.•Ê߸.߸., ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ ¬Ë.¡Ë.‚Ë.߸., •ÊS◊ÊÁŸÿÊ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ∞◊.∞. ÃÕÊ ÁŒÀ‹Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ¬Ë∞ø«UË Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§ •Ÿ∑§ ‹ÅÊ ¬òÊ-¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ÃÕÊ •Á÷◊ãÿÈ •ŸÃ ∑§ ©U¬ãÿÊ‚Ê¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒËÃ⁄U ÷ÊÁ·∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U •Ê¬∑§Ê ¬Ë∞ø«UË ‡ÊÊœ¬òÊ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÒU– •Ê¬ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ S∑ͧ‹ ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ‹ÅÊŸ-¬ÒŸ‹ ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿÊ ÃÕÊ flÿS∑§Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬ÊΔ˜UÿÔ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ‹ÅÊŸ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ’˝ÊÚ«U∑§ÊÁS≈¢Uª ∑§ÊÚ⁄U¬Ê⁄U‡ÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ fl ≈UË.flË. ¬˝SÃÈÃ∑§Ãʸ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ÷Ë ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU–

üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ªÁà •Ê¬Ÿ ¡Ë.‚Ë.߸., ∞ ‹fl‹, ©UûÊ◊Ê, ¬òÊ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÃÊ ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê, ¡Ÿ‚¢¬∑¸§ ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬ wÆvv ‚ •Ê¡ Ã∑§ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢ªΔUUŸ ∑§ ¬˝œÊŸ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ “‚È◊Ÿ” ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ ‚¢¬ÊŒ∑§ ÷Ë „Ò¥U fl ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚‹Ê„U∑§Ê⁄U ÷Ë ⁄U„U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ •Ÿ∑§ÊŸ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ∞fl¢ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚Á∑˝§ÿ M§¬ ‚ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ©UãŸÿŸ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U „UÃÈ •Ê¬∑§Ê ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ ¬ÊΔUU‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ÃÕÊ •ãÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝ÁÃÿÊÁªÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ◊¥ fl ∑§ß¸ Á„¢UŒË ⁄UÁ«UÿÊ ¬˝Êª˝Ê◊Ê¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë •Ê¬∑§Ê Áfl‡Ê· ‚„UÿÊª ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU–

üÊË •‡ÊÊ∑§ •Ê¤ÊÊ ãÿÍ ¡‚˸ ∑§ ∞Á«U‚Ÿ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë •‡ÊÊ∑§ •Ê¤ÊÊ ¬‡Ê ‚ ¬òÊ∑§Ê⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ „Ò¥U– ÿÈflÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ‚¢SÕʬ∑§-•äÿˇÊ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ wÆvÆ ‚ „UË •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠Ÿª⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ S≈UÊ⁄U≈UÊÚ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÁŸŒ‡ÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– ãÿÍ ¡‚˸ ∑§ ∑§Ÿ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ S≈UÊ⁄U≈UÊÚ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ∑§⁄UŸflÊ‹ •‡ÊÊ∑§ ¬˝Áà fl·¸ ÿÈflÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë •ŸÈŒÊŸ-¬˝SÃÊflÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚$»§‹ •¢¡Ê◊ ŒÃ •Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– Á¬¿U‹ ÃËŸ fl·ÊZ ‚ ¬ŸÁ‚‹flÁŸÿÊ ∑§ ŸÊÚÕ¸ ¬㟠S∑ͧ‹ Á Ê‹ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË S≈UÊ⁄U≈UÊÚ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U „UÊ߸ S∑ͧ‹ ÁfllÊÁÕ¸ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ „UË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚◊Ê¡

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◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝Áà ¡ÊªM§∑§ÃÊ »Ò§‹ÊŸ ∑§Ë •Ÿfl⁄Uà ∑§ÊÁ‡Ê‡Ê¥ ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ©UŸ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ê¥ ‚ ãÿÍ ¡‚˸ ∑§ Á◊«˜UÔ«UÔ ‹‚Ä‚ ∑§Ê©¢U≈UË ∑§ÊÚ‹¡ •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ÿ‚‹◊ S∑ͧ‹ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ „ÈU∞– ‚Ÿ˜ wÆvy ◊¥ ãÿÍ ÿÊÚ∑¸§ •ÊÒ⁄U wÆvz ◊¥ ãÿÍ ¡‚˸ ∑§ ⁄U≈Uª‚¸ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚$»§‹ ‚¢ÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ– Á„¢UŒË ‚¢ª◊ ¬˝ÁÃcΔUÊŸ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§ ’ÊŒ •’ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ ¬˝Õ◊ Á„¢UŒË ∑¥§º˝ ∑§Ë SÕʬŸÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ¬˝Ê⁄¢U÷ ∑§⁄U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U–

«UÊÚ. ⁄UàŸÊ∑§⁄U Ÿ⁄UÊ‹ •Ê¬Ÿ •Ê߸.•Ê߸.≈UË., ÷Ê⁄Uà ÃÕÊ ∑§ÊÁ‹ŒÊ‚ ‚¢S∑Χà Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ŸÊª¬È⁄U, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ¬Ë∞ø«UË Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§ •Ÿ∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U ÿÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø⁄U »§ÊÚ⁄U Á„¢UŒÍ ÁøÀ«˛UŸ, Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø⁄U »§ÊÚ⁄U ߢÁÇ‹‡Ê S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ¬Ë¬‹, Á„¢UŒË ≈UËø⁄U ∞«UflÊ¢S«U ‹fl‹, ‚¢S∑Χà ¬˝Êß◊⁄U, ‚¢S∑Χà ≈UËø⁄U •Ê‹-ߟ-flŸ, ‚¢S∑Χà ª˝Ê◊⁄U ∞¢«U Á⁄U»§⁄¥U‚ ’È∑§, ÿÊª‚ÍòÊ •ÊÚ»§ ¬Ã¢¡Á‹, Áç‹å¬Œ ߢÁÇ‹‡Ê Á«Ućʟ⁄UË, ÃÁ◊‹ ≈UËø⁄U, ©UŒÍ¸ ≈UËø⁄U, ªËÃÊ •Ê Ê ‡ÊË ß Ê ßŸ ∑ΧcáÊÊ Ê •ÊŸ fl«˜U‚¸, ªËÃÊ ∑§Ê ‡ÊéŒ∑§Ê‡Ê, ªËÃÊ Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ, ‚¢ªËÃóüÊË ∑ΧcáÊ-⁄UÊ◊ÊÿáÊ, Ÿß¸ ‚¢ªËà ⁄UÊ‡ÊŸË •ÊÁŒ– Á„¢UŒË, ‚¢S∑ΧÃ, ◊⁄UÊΔUË, ÃÁ◊‹, ’¢ªÊ‹Ë, ©UŒÍ¸ •ÊÁŒ ÷Ê·Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ë ¬∑§«∏U „ÒU– •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒÍ ߢS≈UË≈˜UÔÿÍ≈U •ÊÚ$»§ ‹ÁŸZª ◊¥ ‚¢S∑Χà •ÊÒ⁄U ªËÃÊ ¬…∏UÊÃ „Ò¥U– •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒË ⁄UÊß≈U‚¸ ÁªÀ«U ∑§ ‚ŒSÿ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË øÃŸÊ ∑§ ‚‹Ê„U∑§Ê⁄U ÷Ë „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢ªËà ∑§Ê ÷Ë •äÿÿŸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU–

üÊË ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ‡Ê◊ʸ ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ •Ê¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ wÆ ¡ÍŸ, v~y~ ∑§Ê „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ≈UËø⁄U ≈˛UÁŸ¢ª, Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê „ÒU«U ≈UËø⁄U, ’Ê◊Ÿ •∑§ÊŒ◊Ë ‚ •Õ¸√ÿflSÕÊ ∑§Ê •äÿÿŸ, ‚Á≈¸UÁ$»§∑§≈U ߢ»§Ê◊¸Á≈UÄ‚ / Á‚S≈U◊ ◊ÒŸ¡⁄U, Á„¢UŒË Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê ¬Á⁄Uøÿ (flœÊ¸) Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU ÃÕÊ •Ê¬∑§Ê ¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà HYPERLINK “javascript:void(0)”

Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê — Á„¢UŒÍ ¬˝ËS≈U, √ÿÊ‚ ∑§Ë ©U¬ÊÁœ ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– •Ê¬∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË »§ÊÚ⁄U S≈UÊ≈¸U‚¸ ¬Ê≈¸U v ∞¢«U w ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „ÒU– ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ⁄UÊ¡Ê ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‚ •Ê¬∑§Ê ⁄UÊ¡∑§Ëÿ ‚ê◊ÊŸ (Royals Honour on behalf of the King in the Netherlands – The order of Orange-Nassau – Koninklijke Onderscheiding) ¬˝Êåà „ÒU– 168


•Ê¬Ÿ {ΔUÊ, |flÊ° fl }flÊ° Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÁŸ⁄¢UÃ⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„U– •Ê¬ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ∑§ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ¡È«∏U „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U ÿÕÊ Áflmà ¬Á⁄U·Œ, ߢÁ«UÿŸ «UÊÿS¬Ê⁄UÊ, ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ∑§ ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ‚ŒSÿ, ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U ‚flÊ œÊ◊ fl üÊË ∑ΧcáÊ ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U ◊¥ ¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà •ÊÁŒ–

¬˝Ê. ÁøûÊ⁄¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ •¬∑§Ê ¡ã◊ w~ ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U, v~z{ ∑§Ê „ÈU•Ê– •Ê¬Ÿ ∞◊.∞. ÃÕÊ “ÁŸªÈ¸áÊ ÷Äà ∑§ÁflÿÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊ SflM§¬ ¬˝SÃÈà ⁄UÊ◊∑§ÕÊ” Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ¬Ë∞ø«UË Á∑§ÿÊ– •Ê¬ Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ, ŒËŸŒÿÊ‹ ©U¬ÊäÿÊÿ ªÊ⁄UπȬ⁄U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ªÊ⁄Uπ¬È⁄U ◊¥ ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§, ©U¬ÊøÊÿ¸ fl •ÊøÊÿ¸ ⁄U„U øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ wÆvy ‚ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, flœÊ¸ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ∑ȧ‹¬Áà „Ò¥U– •Ê¬∑§Ê xÆ fl·¸ ‚ •Áœ∑§ SŸÊÃ∑§ ∞fl¢ SŸÊÃ∑§ÊûÊ⁄U ∑§ˇÊÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ •äÿʬŸ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ÷fl „ÒU– •Ê¬Ÿ ∑§ÕÊ-÷ÍÁ◊, ªl ∑§Ë ⁄UπÊ∞°, ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U∑§ÊáÊ •ÊÁŒ ¡Ò‚Ë ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ-¬ÈSÃ∑§Ê¥ ∞fl¢ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ª˝¢Õ ¡Ò‚ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË flÒ÷fl, ¬È⁄Uߟ-¬ÊÃ, ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ⁄UøŸÊ ‚¢øÿŸ ∑§Ê ‚¢¬ÊŒŸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ¬˝◊Èπ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ zÆ ‚ •Áœ∑§ ‡ÊÊœ •Ê‹π, •Ê‹ÊøŸÊà◊∑§ ∞fl¢ flÒøÊÁ⁄U∑§ ÁŸ’¢œ, ‡ÊÃÊÁœ∑§ ‚◊ˡÊÊ∞° ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà „Ò¥U– ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ◊„Uàfl ∑§Ë ‚¢ªÊÁcΔUÿÊ¥ ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ë ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ‚„U÷ÊÁªÃÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ‚¢flœ¸Ÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸàÿ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– wÆÆ| ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ê ŸÊª⁄UË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ÷ªflà ‡Ê⁄UáÊ ©U¬ÊäÿÊÿ •Ê‹ÊøŸÊ ‚ê◊ÊŸ, wÆvw ◊¥ ¬˝ÁS≈U¡ ‚Ê⁄USflà ‚ê◊ÊŸ ÃÕÊ wÆvy ◊¥ ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«ÈU Á„¢UŒË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ •∑§ÊŒ◊Ë mÊ⁄UÊ ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚flË ‚ê◊ÊŸ ‚ ‚◊ÊŒÎà Á∑§ÿÊ–

üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÁà ‡Ê◊ʸ •Ê¬Ÿ ÁŒÀ‹Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ SŸÊÃ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U SŸÊÃ∑§ÊûÊ⁄U ÃÕÊ Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ÁŸcáÊÊà (∞◊.Á»§‹), ÷Ê·Ê ÁflôÊÊŸ Áfl·ÿ ◊¥ Á«Uå‹Ê◊Ê Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ Á‹∞ •Ê¬∑§ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ fl·¸ wÆvx ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ, ¬˝flÊ‚Ë ŒÈÁŸÿÊ, •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚Á◊ÁÃ, Ÿß¸ ÁŒÀ‹Ë ÃÕÊ •ˇÊ⁄U◊ mÊ⁄UÊ “Á„¢UŒË ‚flÊ ‚ê◊ÊŸ” ÃÕÊ “‚¢S∑ΧÁà ‚◊ãflÿ ‚ê◊ÊŸ wÆvx” ‚ ‚ê◊ÁŸÃ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– •Ê¬Ÿ ÁŒÀ‹Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ‹Äø⁄U⁄U ∑§ ¬Œ ‚ •¬Ÿ ∑Ò§Á⁄Uÿ⁄U ∑§Ë ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ∑§Ë– Á»§⁄U ‹ª÷ª xÆ fl·ÊZ ‚ ⁄UÊ¡÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ‚ ’«∏UË ‚Á∑˝§ÿÃÊ ‚ ¡È«∏UË ⁄U„UË¥– ß‚ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ •Ê¬Ÿ ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ •ŸÈflÊŒ éÿÍ⁄UÊ, ªÎ„U ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ‚¢ÉÊ ‹Ê∑§ ‚flÊ •ÊÿÊª, flÊÁáÊÖÿ fl ©UlÊª ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ¡Ò‚ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿÊ¥/Áfl÷ʪÊ¥ ◊¥ ⁄UÊ¡÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ ◊¥ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U •’ ‹ª÷ª …∏UÊ߸ fl·ÊZ ‚ ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ⁄UÊ¡÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª ∑§Ê ’…∏UÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§Ê Œπ ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U–

169


üÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’œÈ •Ê¬ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ’˝ÊÚ«U∑§ÊÁS≈¢Uª ∑§ÊÚ⁄U¬Ê⁄U‡ÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U Áfl÷ʪ ‚◊ãflÿ∑§ „Ò¥U ÃÕÊ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ •¢‡Ê∑§ÊÁ‹∑§ ‚¢S∑Χà ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ÷Ë ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà „Ò¥U– •Ê¬Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ◊ÊŸÁfl∑§Ë, ⁄UÙ«˜U‚ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ‚ ¬˝‚Ê⁄UáÊ ¬˝’¢œŸ ÃÕÊ ÁŒÀ‹Ë Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ‚ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁà ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§Ê •äÿÿŸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– •Ê¬Ÿ •Ÿ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÃÕÊ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ fl ∑§Êÿ¸‡ÊÊ‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊÁªÃÊ ŒË „ÒU– ‚Ÿ˜Ô wÆvx ◊¥, ◊ËÁ«UÿÊ ◊¥ •Ê¬∑§ ÿÙªŒÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Ê¬∑§Ê ‚ê◊ÊÁŸÃ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ–

170


÷ʪ-x — ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË



•¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ¬ÎcΔU÷ÍÁ◊ ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ù Áfl‡Ê· ŸËÁêà ‚¢’‹ Á◊‹Ê „ÒU ¡Ù„UÊã‚’ª¸ ◊¥ ‹ª ~fl¥ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ◊¢Ã√ÿ y viii ‚ Á¡‚∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹ŸÙ¥ ∑§ ’Ëø •¢Ã⁄UÊ‹ ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷㟠Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ •ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ πÙ¡Ÿ ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ‚ ˇÊòÊËÿ ‚ê◊‹ŸÙ¥ ∑§ •ÊÿÙ¡Ÿ ∑§ ¬˝Ùà‚Ê„UŸ ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ √ÿÄà ∑§Ë ªß¸– ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ¡’ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÙª ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Ÿ ¬„U‹ ∑§Ë ÃÙ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ÊÿÙZ ∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡fl ◊¥ •ÊŒ‡Ê¸ ◊ÊŸ ¡ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U (Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ) Ãà∑§Ê‹ ‚„UÿÊòÊË ’ŸË •ı⁄U ŒÙŸÙ¥ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ù¥ Ÿ Á◊‹∑§⁄U Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ù ∞∑§ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ‚¢ÿÙ¡Ÿ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸÷Ê⁄U ‚ı¥¬∑§⁄U ªı⁄UflÊÁUãflà Á∑§ÿÊ– Áfl‡Ê· ©U¬‹ˇÿ ∑§Ë πÙ¡ ∑§ÁΔUŸ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕË, wÆvy, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊¡ŒÍ⁄UÙ¥ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§Ë v}ÆflË¥ fl·¸ªÊ°ΔU ∑§Ê ‚Íø∑§ „ÒU– ÿ„U ©U¬‹ˇÿ •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ Sfl× „UË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ Áfl·ÿ ÷Ë ‹∑§⁄U •ÊÿÊ󓓬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U — •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚„UÿÙª fl ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞°””–

Áfl‡flÊ‚ ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚ •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ ‚ „UË ¬˝àÿ∑§ Œ‡Ê ∑§ •ŸÈ÷flÙ¥ ∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê ◊¥ ÿ Œ‡Ê ¬ÎÕ∑§ ß∑§ÊßÿÙ¥ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Ÿ„UË¥ ’ÁÀ∑§ ∞∑§ ‚¢ªÁΔUà ‚◊Í„U ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ •Ê¬‚Ë ‚„UÿÙª ‚ ÿÙ¡ŸÊ•Ù¥ ∑§ ∑§ÊÿÊZflÿŸ, ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ù¥ ∑§ ‚◊ãflÿŸ ÃÕÊ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë fl ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÙ¥ ∑§ ◊ÊŸ∑§Ë∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ë ÅÊÙ¡ ∑§⁄U ‚∑¥§–

M§¬⁄UπÊ ¡’ ©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ ßÃŸÊ ©Uà∑Χc≈U ÕÊ Ã’ ©U‚∑§Ë ¬ÍÁø ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚ʤÊŒÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ë ∑§◊Ë „UÙ „UË Ÿ„UË¥ ‚∑§ÃË ÕË– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ‚÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ fl ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ∞° ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄà ∑§ ∑ȧ‡Ê‹ ŸÃÎàfl ◊¥ •ÊÿÙ¡∑§Ù¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ „UÙ ‹Ë¥ •ı⁄U M§¬⁄UÅÊÊ ’ŸË ß‚ fl΄UŒ •ÊÿÙ¡Ÿ ∑§Ë–

‚Á◊ÁÃÿÊ° ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ ‚Á◊Áà •äÿˇÊ — ◊„UÊ◊Á„◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄà ‚ŒSÿ — Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∞fl¢ ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ∑§‹Ê fl ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÙª, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ, Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê, ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ, •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, ´§Á· ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ߢÁS≈U≈˜ÿÍ≈U

©UŒ˜ÔŒ‡ÿ Áfl·ÿ ∑§Ê ÁŸœÊ¸⁄UáÊ ∑§fl‹ ©U¬‹ˇÿ ‚ ¬˝Á⁄Uà Ÿ„UË¥ ÕÊ– ß‚∑§Ù ™§¡Ê¸ ŒŸflÊ‹Ë ÕË Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ •ı⁄U Ÿfl ¬˝flÊ‚ ∑§ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ı⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ ∑§ÊÿÙZ ∑§ ¬ÈŸ⁄UÊfl‹Ù∑§Ÿ fl •Ê∑§‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ-’Ùœ– •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§ ß‚ ¬«∏UÊfl ¬⁄U ߟ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ÁSÕÁÃ, øÈŸıÁÃÿÙ¥ •ı⁄U ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÙ¥ ÃÕÊ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ê ◊ÍÀÿÊ¢∑§Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë Á¡‚‚ Á∑§ ¬˝àÿ∑§ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë flø◊ÊŸ ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÙ¥ fl øÈŸıÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ∑§⁄UŸ „UÃÈ •Ê¬‚Ë •ŸÈ÷flÙ¥, Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÃÊ•Ù¥, ‚¢‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§Ê •ÊŒÊŸ-¬˝ŒÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§–

¡Ÿ‚¢¬∑¸§ fl Sflʪà ‚Á◊Áà •äÿˇÊ — üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ªÁÃ, •äÿˇÊ, Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ ‚ŒSÿ — ∑§‹Ê fl ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê fl ߢÁŒ⁄UÊ ªÊ¢œË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝–

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√ÿflSÕÊ ‚Á◊Áà üÊË ‚¢¡ÿ ‡Ê◊ʸ, ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§, ߢÁŒ⁄UÊ ªÊ¢œË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∞fl¢ ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ∑§‹Ê ∞fl¢ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÙª, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ, •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ fl ߢÁŒ⁄UÊ ªÊ¢œË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝–

•∑§ÊŒÁ◊∑§ ‚Á◊Áà •äÿˇÊ — «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ, «UËŸ, ´§Á· ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ߢÁS≈U≈˜UÔÿÍ≈U fl «UÊÚ. ⁄U‡Ê◊Ë ⁄U◊œŸË, ¬˝Ù»§‚⁄U, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ– ‚ŒSÿ — ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÙª, ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂóüÊË ◊Ë◊Ê¢‚∑§, ÁmÃËÿ ‚Áøfl (Á‡ÊˇÊÊ fl ÷Ê·Ê); Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸó •äÿˇÊÊ, «UÊÚ. •‹∑§Ê œŸ¬Ã; ÷Ê·Ê ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ∑¥§º˝, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸó•äÿˇÊ, üÊË ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄UŒûÊ ªÈŒÊ⁄UË; ‚ΡŸÊà◊∑§ ‹ÅÊŸ ∞fl¢ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸó•äÿˇÊÊ, «UÊÚ. ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊œÊ⁄UË; ÷Ù¡¬È⁄UË Áfl÷ʪ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸó•äÿˇÊ, üÊË ÁªÁ⁄U¡ÊŸ¢ŒÁ‚¢„U Á’‚‚⁄U; Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸó•äÿˇÊ, üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ªÁÃ; Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Êó¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ, üÊË ÃÊ⁄U∑§‡fl⁄UŸÊÕ ÁªÁ⁄UœÊ⁄UË; ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊó¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ, üÊË œ◊Zº˝ Á⁄U∑§Êÿ–

⁄UÊ◊‡Ê⁄UáÊ, Á‡ÊˇÊÊ œŸ¬Ã, ∑§ËÁø Á⁄UŒÙÿ, ‚Ù◊⁄UÊ ‚È¡‡ÊŸÊ, ÁŸflÁŒÃÊ ’È‹∑§, ø¢Áº˝∑§Ê ⁄UÊfl«UË, ª¢ªü ÊË ◊Í⁄UÁÃÿÊ, Ÿ¢ÁŒŸË ¤ÊÈ◊∑§–

•ÊÁÃâÿ ≈UÙ‹Ë ‚◊ãflÿŸ — «UÊÚ. üÊË◊ÃË •‹∑§Ê œŸ¬Ã, •äÿˇÊÊ, Á„¢UŒË Áfl÷ʪ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ– ‹ˇ◊Ë ◊ÙÃË, ÿÊ‡ÊŸÊ ‚‹¢ŒË, ÁfllÊ ŒflË Á‚’Ù⁄UÃ, Œ‡Ê¸ŸË ŒflË ‹Ë‹Ê, ©Ufl¸‡ÊË ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ, fl¢ŒŸÊ Á’‚ŸÊÕ, ∑§Á⁄U‡◊Ê ⁄UÊ◊ŸÙÃ, „¢U¡ŸÊ ‹Ê‹ø¢Œ, ¬Í¡Ê ‚„U¡È, ‚Íÿʸ ŒflË ÷Ù‹Ê–

Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ≈UË◊ ŸÃÎàfl fl ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ‚¢ÿÙ¡∑§ — üÊË ª¢ªÊœ⁄UÁ‚¢„U ‚ÈÅÊ‹Ê‹, ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„U∑§ ◊„UÊ‚Áøfl, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ– ‚ÈüÊË ∞‡Ê◊Ê ¬ŒÊ⁄UÕ, ‚ÈüÊË ⁄UÁà Ÿ¢Œ⁄UÊ◊, ‚ÈüÊË •¢¡Á‹ „U¡ªÒ’Ë, üÊË◊ÃË ©U·Ê ⁄UÊ◊, ‚ÈüÊË ∑§Á⁄U‡◊Ê ⁄UÊ◊¤ÊËß, üÊË ∑Ò§‹Ê‡Ê Œfl⁄UÊ¡, ‚ÈüÊË ÅÊÈ‡Ê’Í øÍ«∏UÊ◊Ÿ, üÊË ∑§‡Êfl Á⁄U‚Ù‹, üÊË ÷⁄UÊ◊ ¡ÿüÊË–

‚„UÿÙªË üÊË ÷Í◊‡Ê Á’Œ‚Ë, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, üÊË Áflfl∑§ Á’¢ŒÊ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, üÊË ø¢º˝Œfl Á’„UÊ⁄UË, Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ–

•Ê÷Ê⁄U ÁflûÊ ‚Á◊Áà •äÿˇÊ — üÊË Á¡¢Œ‹, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÙª ‚ŒSÿ — ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÙª, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ

¬˝ÁÃflŒŸ ≈UÙ‹Ë ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁÃflŒ∑§ — üÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’¢œÈ, ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U Áfl÷ʪ ‚◊ãflÿ∑§, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ’˝ÊÚ«U∑§ÊÁS≈¢Uª ∑§ÊÚ¬Ù¸⁄U‡ÊŸ ¬˝ÁÃflŒ∑§ — ‚⁄USflÃË ’‚M§¬Ÿ, ‹c≈UÊ ‹ÙøŸ, ¡ËÁŸÿÊ ÷¢¡Ÿ, ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹Ê ◊È¢«˜U‚, ôÊÊŸ‡fl⁄UË ªÈ¤Ê¸Ÿ, ÷⁄UÊ◊ ¡ÿüÊË, ‹ˇ◊Ë

⁄UÊc≈˛U¬Áà ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿ; ÁflŒ‡Ê, ˇÊòÊËÿ ∞∑§Ë∑§⁄UáÊ fl •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ √ÿʬÊ⁄U ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ; ◊Í‹ …UÊ°øÊ, ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ß∑§Ê߸, ÷ÍÁ◊ ¬Á⁄Ufl„UŸ fl ¡„UÊ¡⁄UÊŸË ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ; ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ¬ÈÁ‹‚ »§Ù‚¸; ∞•⁄U¬Ù≈˜U‚¸ •ÊÚ»§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑¢§¬ŸË Á‹Á◊≈U«U; ¬Ê‚¬Ù≈¸U fl ¬˝flÊ‚ ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿ; SflÊSâÿ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ; •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÉÊÊ≈U ≈˛US≈U »¢§«U; ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ’˝ÊÚ«U∑§ÊÁS≈¢Uª ∑§ÊÚ¬Ù¸⁄U‡ÊŸ; „UŸ‚Ë ¬Ê∑¸§ „UÊÚ≈U‹; ÷Ù¡¬È⁄UË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ; ¬˝‚; üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ, ŒÍ⁄U‚¢øÊ⁄U ‚ÈÁflœÊ ¬˝ÊÿÙ¡∑§— Áø‹Ë (◊„UÊŸª⁄U ≈U‹Ë»§ÙŸ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Á‹Á◊≈U«U)– 174


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¬˝Õ◊ ‚òÊ

¬˝Õ◊ ÁŒfl‚ — ªÈL§flÊ⁄U, xÆ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, wÆvy ‚◊ÿ Æ}.ÆÆ-Æ~.ÆÆ Æ~.ÆÆ-Æ~.yz •äÿˇÊ flÄÃÊ ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊ Æ~.zÆ vÆ.Æz vÆ.wÆ vÆ.xÆ-vÆ.yz ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊ vÆ.zÆ vÆ.Æz vv.wÆ vv.xz vv.zÆ vw.vz-vx.ÆÆ ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊ vx.Æz vx.wÆ vx.xz vx.zÆ vy.vÆ vyxÆ-vy.yz ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊ vy.zÆ vz.Æz vz.wÆ vz.xz vz.zÆ

∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ¬¢¡Ë∑§⁄UáÊ ’Ë¡ flÄÃ√ÿ ¬˝Ê. ‚ÈŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ¡ª‚⁄U, ¬˝ÁÃ∑ȧ‹ÊÁœ¬Áà fl ¬Á⁄UcÊŒ •äÿˇÊ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëÔøÊÿÈÄà ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝Ê. ◊„¥Uº˝ Á∑§‡ÊÊ⁄U fl◊ʸ, ◊ÊŸŒ ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§, Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊, ÷ÊcÊÊ ∞fl¢ ÷ÊcÊÊ ÁflôÊÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ, ÿÊÚ∑¸§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ÿÊÚ∑¸§, ÿÍ.∑§. ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ üÊË ‚àÿŒfl ≈¥Uª⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, üÊË ‹ˇ◊Ë ΔUÊ∑ȧ⁄UË ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U ¡‹¬ÊŸ ¬Ífl˸ ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ fl ¬˝‡Êʢà ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË üÊË ‚àÿŒfl ≈¥Uª⁄U, ‚ŒSÿ, ‡ÊÊ‚Ë ¬Á⁄UcÊŒ, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ Á»§¡Ë ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË◊ÃË ◊ŸËcÊÊ ⁄UÊ◊⁄UπÊ Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, ‚ÈüÊË ©UŒËøË ¬Êá«Uÿ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹Ê ◊„UÃÊ (flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª) ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U ÷Ê¡Ÿ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒ ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË üÊË ‚¢Ã ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ⁄UÊÿ, ©U¬ÊäÿˇÊ, Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êÿ≈UË Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹ÃË ⁄UÊ◊’‹Ë fl üÊË „UË⁄UÊ‹Ê‹ Á‡ÊflŸÊÕ ⁄UÊÚÁ«˛UÇ‚ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË ⁄U◊áÊË∑§ øËÃÍ ⁄UËÿÍÁŸÿŸ ≈UÊ¬Í ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ— ◊⁄U •ŸÈ÷fl, «UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ¡⁄UÊŸË ªÊÁ’Ÿ ¬Á‡ø◊Ë •$»˝§Ë∑§Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË — ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ◊„UÊmˬ, «UÊÚ. ‚¢ÿÈÄÃÊ ÷ÈflŸ ⁄UÊ◊‚Ê⁄UÊ ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U ¡‹¬ÊŸ ŒÁˇÊáÊË •◊Á⁄U∑§Ë ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Ê. ⁄U‡Ê◊Ë ⁄UÊ◊œÊŸË, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË flË⁄U ÊÊŸ¢Œ •flÃÊ⁄U ªÿÊŸÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, ‚ÈüÊË flcʸáÊË ©UœÊ Á‚¢„U ¬Ífl¸ ÊËÿ Á„¢UŒË ÷ÊcÊË — Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U øÈŸÊÒÁÃÿÊ°, «UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ∑§‡Ê ⁄¢U¡Ÿ Á„¢UŒË-÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ¬⁄US¬⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U fl ‚Ȍ΅∏UË∑§⁄UáÊ, üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢äÿÊ •¢ø⁄UÊ Ê-Ÿfl‚Ê„U ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U 175


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¬˝Õ◊ ‚òÊ

ÁmÃËÿ ÁŒfl‚ — xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, wÆvy ‚◊ÿ ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊ Æ~.Æz Æ~.wÆ Æ~.xz Æ~.zÆ Æ~.zÆ-vÆ.Æz ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊ vÆ.vÆ vÆ.wz vÆ.yÆ vv.ÆÆ vw.vz-vx.ÆÆ ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊ vx.Æz vx.wÆ vx.xz vx.zÆ vy.Æz vy.xÆ-vy.yz ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊ vy.zÆ vz.Æz vz.wÆ vz.xz

∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ‡ÊÊœ fl ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ¬˝Ê. ÁøûÊ⁄¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ, ¬˝ÁÃ∑ȧ‹¬ÁÃ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊcÔ≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, «UÊÚ. •‹∑§Ê œŸ¬Ã ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‡ÊÊœ ÃÕÊ ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê, «UÊÚ. ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊œÊ⁄UË fl üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ fl SŸÊÃ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ ¬˝ÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê üÊË∑ȧ◊Ê⁄UŒûÊ ªÈŒÊ⁄UË ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U ¡‹¬ÊŸ $ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË, •œ¸ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË fl Sflÿ¢ ‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ, ‚◊ãflÿ∑§, flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê, ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U $ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, üÊË ÿ¢ÃÈŒfl ’ÈœÈ Sflÿ¢ ‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ, «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ ÃÕÊ üÊË Œfl÷⁄Uà ‚Ë⁄Uß ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U — ‚¢SÕÊ∞° fl ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ°, üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ªÁà ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U ÷Ê¡Ÿ ÿÍ⁄UÊ¬ ∞fl¢ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË «UÊÚ. üÊË◊ÃË ÁflŸÊŒ ’Ê‹Ê •L§áÊ, ¬Ífl¸ ◊„UÊ‚Áøfl, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ÿÍ.∑§. ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, ¬˝Ê. ◊„¥Uº˝ Á∑§‡ÊÊ⁄U fl◊ʸ ‚¢ÿÈÄà ⁄UÊÖÿ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê (ÿÍ.∞‚.∞.) ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË •‡ÊÊ∑§ •Ê¤ÊÊ ∑§ŸÊ«UÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË ⁄UàŸÊ∑§⁄U Ÿ⁄UÊ‹ (flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª) „UÊÚ‹Ò¥«U ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË, üÊË ŸÊ⁄UʬÿáÊ ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ (flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª) ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U ¡‹¬ÊŸ Áfl‡fl ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U — ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê fl ÿÊªŒÊŸ üÊË •¡ÊÁ◊‹ ◊ÊÃÊ’Œ‹, ‚ŒSÿ ‡ÊÊ‚Ë ¬Á⁄UcÊŒ, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U — ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊcÔ≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê fl ©U¬‹ÁéœÿÊ° ¬˝Ê. ÁøûÊ⁄¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ Áfl‡fl ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U, üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÁà ‡Ê◊ʸ •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ — Á„¢UŒË •ÁS◊ÃÊ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ◊ÊŸ, ¬˝ÿÊ‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ¡ÁŸ∑§ ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞°, «UÊÚ. ‚¢¡Ëfl ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ‡Ê◊ʸ ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U 176


ªÊ‹◊ Ê — ‡ÊÁŸflÊ⁄U, v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvy ‚◊ÿ

¬˝Õ◊ ªÊ‹◊ Ê ‚òÊ

Æ~.wÆ - vÆ.yÆ

ÁmÃËÿ ªÊ‹◊ Ê ‚òÊ

Æ~.ÆÆ - Æ~.wÆ

vÆ.yÆ - vw.ÆÆ

ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊÃÊ

ÁflcÊÿ •äÿˇÊÃÊ

vw.ÆÆ - vx.ÆÆ vx.ÆÆ

∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ŒÊ ÁŒfl‚Ëÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄U⁄UflÊ߸ ¬⁄U ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁÃflŒ∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U óüÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’œÈ

¬˝Õ◊ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ Áfl‡ÊcÊ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ê ¬ÈŸ—SÕʬŸ– üÊË Á’¡ÿ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊œÈ ◊„UÊÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ/⁄UflË¥º˝ŸÊÕ ≈ÒUªÊ⁄U ‚¢SÕÊŸ ¬˝Ê. ÁøûÊ⁄¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ ¬˝ÁÃ∑ȧ‹¬ÁÃ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊcÔ≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, flœÊ¸, ÷Ê⁄UÃ

ÁmÃËÿ Ÿfl-¬˝flÊ‚Ë ∑§ Áfl‡ÊcÊ ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ê ‚Ȍ΅UË∑§⁄UáÊ «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ, «UËŸ, ´§ÁcÊ ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ߢS≈UË≈˜ÔUÿÍ≈U ¬˝Ê. ◊„¥Uº˝ Á∑§‡ÊÊ⁄U fl◊ʸ, ◊ÊŸŒ ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§, Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊, ÷ÊcÊÊ ∞fl¢ ÷ÊcÊÊ ÁflôÊÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ, ÿÊÚ∑¸§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ÿÊÚ∑¸§, ÿÍ.∑§.

‚◊ʬŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U fl ◊¢Ã√ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝SÃÈÁà ÷Ê¡Ÿ

177


◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË-‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà ‚¢∑§À¬ ÁŒŸÊ¢∑§ v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvy

¡Ë mÊ⁄UÊ ªáÊ⁄UÊÖÿ ∑§ ∑§ß¸ ◊¢ÁòÊÿÊ¥ ∞fl¢ Œ‡Ê-ÁflŒ‡Ê ‚ ¬œÊ⁄U ªáÊ◊Êãÿ •ÁÃÁÕÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ©U¬ÁSÕÁà ◊¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ÿ„U ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ©UŸ ‚’ ◊„UÊŸÈ÷ÊflÊ¥ ∑§Ë ©U¬ÁSÕÁà ∑§ Á‹∞ •¬ŸÊ •Ê÷Ê⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U œãÿflÊŒ √ÿÄà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– z. ÿ„U ‚ê◊‹Ÿ •¬ŸÊ œãÿflÊŒ •ÊÒ⁄U •¬ŸÊ •Ê÷Ê⁄U √ÿÄà ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊ„UÃÊ „ÒUó◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ÃÕÊ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§Ê, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ‚◊Sà Á„¢UŒË-‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥, Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê, Á„¢UŒË ‚¢ªΔUŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ê Á¡Ÿ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ‚¢÷fl „UÊ ¬ÊÿÊ; ‚ê◊‹Ÿ •Ê÷Ê⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U œãÿflÊŒ √ÿÄà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ ’ŸË ©UŸ ‚÷Ë ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÊ¥, ÿÕÊó‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ ‚Á◊ÁÃ, ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§ ‚Á◊ÁÃ, Sflʪà ∞fl¢ ¡Ÿ‚¢¬∑¸§ ‚Á◊ÁÃ, ‚¢÷Ê⁄U ‚Á◊ÁÃ, ÁflûÊ ‚Á◊Áà ∑§Ê Á¡Ÿ∑§ ‚ˇÊ◊ ◊ʪ¸Œ‡Ê¸Ÿ ◊¥ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ° ‚¢÷fl „UÊ ¬ÊßZ– {. ß‚Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U xÆ ∞fl¢ xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ê ‚¢¬ãŸ ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§-‚òÊÊ¥ ÃÕÊ v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvy ∑§Ê ‚¢¬ãŸ ªÊ‹◊¡ ’ÒΔU∑§ ◊¥ ‹ª÷ª wÆÆ ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ Ÿ Á¡‚◊¥ Ã∑§⁄UË’Ÿ xÆ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ÁflmÊŸ ÷Ë ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ Õ, ¬˝àÿˇÊ •ÕflÊ flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª ∑§ ÊÁ⁄U∞ ’„ÈUà ©Uà‚Ê„U¬Ífl¸∑§ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ– ÿ„U ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ©UŸ ‚◊Sà ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ ÃÕÊ ¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊÁªÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚◊Á¬¸Ã ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Ê÷Ê⁄U √ÿÄà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– |. ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ÿ„U ◊„U‚Í‚ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒËÁ‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÃÕÊ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ∑§Ê ’„ÈUà ◊„Uàfl „ÒU •Ã— ‚ê◊‹Ÿ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ‚ ÿ„U •ŸÈ⁄UÊœ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚∑§Ë ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ∑§Ê ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ •ÕflÊ ¬ÁòÊ∑§Ê ∑§ Áfl‡Ê·Ê¢∑§ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞–

v. ““¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U — •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚„UÿÊª fl ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞°”” Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÊª ∞fl¢ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∞fl¢ ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ∑§‹Ê ∞fl¢ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË-‚flË ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ÿÕÊ-Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê, Á„¢UŒË ‚¢ªΔUŸ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê, ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ w~ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, wÆvy ‚ v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvy ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ∞∑§ øÊ⁄U ÁŒfl‚Ëÿ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– w. ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ¡Ê„UÊ¢‚’ª¸ ◊¥ ‚¢¬ãŸ „ÈU∞ ~fl¥ “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ” ∑§ ◊¢Ã√ÿ ‚¢ÅÿÊ y.viii ∑§ ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ SflM§¬ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÃÊÁ∑§ ©U‚ ¬˝SÃÊfl ∑§Ë ÷ÊflŸÊ ∑§ •ŸÈM§¬ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U ª„UŸÃÊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÁfløÊ⁄UÁfl◊‡Ê¸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ ÃÕÊ ©UŸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ •ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê „U‹ …UÍ°…∏UŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÊ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§– x. ¡Ê„UÊ¢‚’ª¸ “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ” ∑§ ©U¬ÿȸÄà ◊¢Ã√ÿ ∑§ Á∑˝§ÿÊãflÿŸ ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ‹ˇÿ Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ‚◊ª˝ ÁSÕÁà ∑§Ê •Ê∑§‹Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÃÕÊ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ‚ʤÊË ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„UË ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë Ã‹Ê‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ ©UŸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U ◊¥ ‚¢‹ÇŸ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ’„UÃ⁄U ‚◊ãflÿ fl ‚„UÿÊª ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊ʪ¸ ¬˝‡ÊSà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÷Ë ⁄U„UÊ– y. øÊ⁄U ÁŒŸÊ¥ Ã∑§ ø‹ ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ {ÆÆ ‚ ÷Ë •Áœ∑§ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝Á◊ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÒ¡ÍŒªË ◊¥ w~ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ªáÊ⁄UÊÖÿ ∑§ ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ ⁄UÊc≈˛U¬Áà üÊË ∑Ò§‹Ê‡Ê ¬˝ÿʪ

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}. xÆ ∞fl¢ xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ê ‚¢¬ãŸ ‡ÊÒÁˇÊ∑§ ‚òÊÊ¥ ◊¥ „ÈU߸ ¬˝SÃÈÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvy ∑§Ê Áfl‡fl ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ‚ ¬œÊ⁄U ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ë ©U¬ÁSÕÁà ◊¥ ‚¢¬ãŸ „ÈU∞ ªÊ‹◊ Ê ’ÒΔU∑§ ∑§ ©U¬⁄Uʢà •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚fl¸‚ê◊Áà ‚ •ª‹ “Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ” ∑§ ÁfløÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ÁŸêŸÁ‹Áπà ◊ÈŒ˜ÔŒÊ¥ ¬⁄U ∑§Áìÿ ‚¢∑§À¬ ¬ÊÁ⁄Uà Á∑§∞ ª∞ ¡Ê ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥Uó i. ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë •¬ŸË ‚◊SÿÊ∞° „Ò¥U– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ‚ ÿ„U •ŸÈ⁄UÊœ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ©UŸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ÁflÁ‡Êc≈U ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ „U‹ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê ¡Ê ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ‚¢‹ÇŸ „UÊ, ŸÊ«U‹ ‚¢SÕÊ ÉÊÊÁ·Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ÿÊ ©U‚∑§ Á‹∞ ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ∑§Ê߸ ∞∑§‹ ‚¢¬∑¸§ ∑§ÊcΔU ’ŸÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ¡Ê ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ‚ ¡È«∏U •ŸÈ⁄UÊœ ∑§Ê ∑§ÊÿʸãflÿŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‚„UË ‚¢SÕÊ ∑§Ê ‚ÊÒ¥¬– ii. ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ •ŸÈ∑§⁄UáÊËÿ ◊ÊÚ«U‹ ∑§Ë ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ÿ„U ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ¬˝‡Ê¢‚Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ ß‚ ◊ÊÚ«U‹ ∑§Ê ‹Ê÷ Áfl‡fl ∑§ •ãÿ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê Á◊‹, ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ ÿ„U ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ÿ„U Á‚$»§ÊÁ⁄U‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ÁSÕà ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ◊¥ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë ÁflûÊËÿ ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ‚ ÃÕÊ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ ÁŸ∑§ÊÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚„U÷ÊÁªÃÊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ

∑§Ê ∞∑§ ¬˝∑§ÊcΔU ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ Á¡‚◊¥ ÁflÁ÷㟠Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ë ¡„UÊ° Ã∑§ ‚¢÷fl „UÊ ‚∑§, ‚‹Ê„U ‹Ë ¡Ê∞– iii Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡Ê ’«∏U ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬Ífl¸¡Ëÿ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‚π‹ÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ Áfl‡Ê· Á„¢UŒË-Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ ÿÊŸË ©UŸ∑§ Á‹∞ Áfl‡Ê· ¬ÊΔ˜UÔÿ∑˝§◊ •ÊÁŒ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬ÃÊ ‹ªÊ∞ ÃÕÊ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ¿UÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§ Á‹∞ •‹ª ‚ ¿UÊòÊflÎÁûÊÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊflœÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– iv. ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË-÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ë Œ‡ÊËÿ Áfl‡Ê·ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê Á„¢UŒË-÷Ê·Ê ∑§ flÒÁ‡fl∑§ SflM§¬ ∑§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ◊¥ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ÿÊªŒÊŸ „ÒU– ß‚ ÷ÊÁ·∑§ ÁflÁflœÃÊ ∑§ ‚¢⁄UˇÊáÊ „UÃÈ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ‚¢’Á¢ œÃ ‚¢SÕÊŸÊ/¥ ÁŸ∑§ÊÿÊ/¥ ÁflmÊŸÊ¥ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ë ‚„UÊÿÃÊ ‚ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ∞‚Ê ‡ÊéŒ∑§Ê‡Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄¥U Á¡‚◊¥ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ∑§ Áfl‡Ê· ‡ÊéŒÊ¥ ∑§Ê SÕÊŸ Á◊‹, ©UŸ∑§Ê ¬˝‹πË∑§⁄UáÊ „UÊ– v. ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ÿ„U ßë¿UÊ √ÿÄà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê ÿ„U •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ¬˝àÿ∑§ ÃËŸ fl·ÊZ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã „UÊ– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ‚◊ÊÁåà ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ •ÊÁÃâÿ ∑§Ê NUŒÿ ‚ œãÿflÊŒ ôÊÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ •¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ©U‚ S◊ÎÁà ∑§Ê Ÿ◊Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ „ÈU߸ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ë ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ÷⁄U ◊¥ »Ò§‹Ë ‚¢ÃÊŸ¥ •Ê¡ Áfl‡fl ∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ ªÊÒ⁄Ufl¬Íáʸ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U–

179

◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvy


•¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ — wÆvy, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ

◊ÊÚ

⁄Uˇʂ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U fl ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ÃÕÊ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥, Á„¢UŒË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ, •Êÿ¸ ‚÷Ê ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ, ´§Á· ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ߢS≈UË≈˜UÔÿÍ≈U Á„¢UŒË ¬˝øÊÁ⁄UáÊË ‚÷Ê ÃÕÊ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ ‚¢ÉÊ ∑§ ‚„UÿÊª ‚ w~ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ‚ v Ÿfl¢’⁄U, wÆvy Ã∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ‚$»§‹ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– wÆvy ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§Ë v}ÆflË¥ fl·¸ªÊ°ΔU ∑§Ê fl·¸ „ÒU– ß‚Ë ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ÉÊ≈UŸÊ ∑§Ê ∑¥§º˝ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „ÈU∞ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ Áfl·ÿ ““¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U — •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ‚„UÿÊª fl ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ∞°”” ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ¡Ê„UÊã‚’ª¸ ◊¥ ‹ª ~fl¥ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ◊¢Ã√ÿ ÿ‡Ê 4viii ∑§ SflM§¬ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á¡‚‚ Á∑§ Áfl‡fl ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ¬˝‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ •ÊŸflÊ‹Ë ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ πÊ¡Ê ¡Ê ‚∑§– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ‹ˇÿ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ‚◊ª˝ ÁSÕÁà fl ‚¢ÿÈÄà ∑§Ê⁄¸UflÊ߸ ∑§Ë ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ •Ê∑§‹Ÿ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ߟ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U ◊¥ ‚¢‹ÇŸ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ’„UÃ⁄U ‚◊ãflÿ fl ‚„UÿÊª SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄UŸÊ ⁄U„UÊ– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ Á»§¡Ë, Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê, ªÿÊŸÊ ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊, •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê, ÷Ê⁄UÃ, ÿÍ.∑§., ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U, ∑§ŸÊ«UÊ, •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ •ÊÁŒ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ ‹ª÷ª xÆ Á„¢UŒË ‚flË, •äÿʬ∑§, ÷Ê·ÊÁflŒ, ‹π∑§‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ∑§Ê⁄U •ÊÁŒ ©U¬ÁSÕà ⁄U„U ÃÕÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ ‹ª÷ª vÆÆ ‚ •Áœ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ Ÿ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ–

©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U (w~ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, wÆvy) w~ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ê ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÒ¬øÊÁ⁄U∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ߢÁŒ⁄UÊ ªÊ¢œË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑§¥ º˝ ◊¥ „ÈU•Ê– •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ªáÊ⁄UÊÖÿ ∑§ ⁄UÊc≈˛U¬ÁÃ, ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË ⁄UÊ¡∑§‡fl⁄U ¬˝ÿʪ, ¡Ë.‚Ë.∞‚.∑§.,

¡Ë.•Ê.∞‚.∑§. ◊ÈÅÿ •ÁÃÁÕ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ©U¬ÁSÕà Õ– ◊ÊŸŸËÿ «UÊÚ. fl‚¢Ã ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ’ŸflÊ⁄UË, ¬Ífl¸ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ fl ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ◊¢òÊË, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄÃ, ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹ fl ◊ÊŸŸËÿ üÊË ◊Èπ‡fl⁄U øÍŸË, ¬Ífl¸ ∑§‹Ê fl ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊË Ÿ ÷Ë •¬ŸË ©U¬ÁSÕÁà ‚ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÊ÷Ê ’…∏UÊ߸– ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË ⁄UÊ¡∑§‡fl⁄U ¬˝ÿʪ Ÿ •¬Ÿ flÄÃ√ÿ ◊¥ ∑§„UÊ, ““«UÊÿS¬Ê⁄UÊ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ •Ê¬‚Ë ‚„UÿÊª ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ¬È‹ SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ◊Ä‚Œ ‚ •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ¡’ ◊ȤÊ ¬ÃÊ ø‹Ê ÃÊ ◊⁄UÊ ◊ÊÕÊ ªfl¸ ‚ ™°§øÊ „UÊ ªÿÊ! ◊ȤÊ ‹ªÊ „U◊ ‹Êª Ÿ ∑§fl‹ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊ ¬⁄U ’ÁÀ∑§ ‚÷Ë •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ∑§ÁΔUŸ ‚◊ÿ ◊¥ •¬ŸË ÁŸcΔUÊ ∑§ ’‹ ¬⁄U •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ê ¡ËÁflà ⁄UπŸflÊ‹ •¬Ÿ ¬Ífl¸¡Ê¥ ∑§Ê ß‚‚ ’„UÃ⁄U ∑§Ê߸ üÊhÊ¢¡Á‹ Ÿ„UË¥ Œ ‚∑§Ã Õ–”” ◊ÊŸŸËÿ «UÊÚ. fl‚¢Ã ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ’ŸflÊ⁄UË Ÿ •¬Ÿ flÄÃ√ÿ ◊¥ ∑§„UÊ, ““Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Áfl‡Ê· ◊„Uàfl ⁄UπÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§ „U⁄U ¬ãŸ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ‚fl∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ÿÊªŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ∑§„UÊŸË Á‹πË „ÈU߸ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§fl‹ ßÁÄUÊ‚ „UË Ÿ„UË¥ Á„¢UŒË ß‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§ flø◊ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Áflcÿ ∑§Ë •„U◊ ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU–”” ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊŸŸËÿ üÊË ◊Èπ‡fl⁄U øÍŸË Ÿ •¬Ÿ flÄÃ√ÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ë ‚⁄UÊ„UŸÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ ‡ÊÈ÷∑§Ê◊ŸÊ∞° √ÿÄà ∑§Ë– ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÈ÷Ê⁄¢U÷ Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„U∑§ ◊„UÊ‚Áøfl üÊË ª¢ªÊœ⁄UÁ‚„U ‚Èπ‹Ê‹ ∑§ Sflʪà ÷Ê·áÊ ÃÕÊ ß¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ ªÊ¢œË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ∑§ ∑§‹Ê∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ªáÊ‡Ê fl¢ŒŸÊ ¬˝SÃÈÁà ‚ „ÈU•Ê– ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ∑§‹Ê∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ “∑§◊⁄U ◊¥ œÊÁÃÿÊ” •ÊÒ⁄U “œ⁄UÃË •¢’⁄U” ªËà ¬˝SÃÈÁà „ÈU߸– •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ÁŸÁ◊¸Ã “Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ” ªËà ‚¢∑§‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ‹Ê∑§Ê¬¸áÊ ÷Ë „ÈU•Ê– ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʬŸ ÁflŒ‡ÊË

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¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊÁªÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê S◊ÎÁÃÁøqÔU ÷¥≈U ∑§⁄U ÃÕÊ “fl¢Œ ◊ÊÃ⁄U◊” ŸÎàÿ ¬˝ŒÁ‡Ê¸ŸË ‚ „ÈU•Ê– ÁflŒ‡ÊË ¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊªË ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ‚Ò∑§«∏UÊ¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬˝◊Ë Ÿ ©Uà‚Ê„U¬Ífl¸∑§ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ◊¥ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ–

ŒÊ ÁŒfl‚Ëÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ (xÆ-xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, wÆvy) ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê øÊ⁄U ‚òÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ’Ê°≈UÊ ªÿÊ– xÆ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄÃ, ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹ ∑§ ’Ë¡ flÄÃ√ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ „UË ‚òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê üÊË ªáÊ‡Ê „ÈU•Ê– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ∑ȧ‹ÊÁœ¬Áà fl ¬Á⁄U·Œ˜ •äÿˇÊ, ¬˝Ê. ‚ÈŒ‡Ê¸Ÿ ¡ª‚⁄U •äÿˇÊ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ©U¬ÁSÕà ⁄U„U– ¬˝Õ◊ ‚òÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ÁflcÊÿ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ⁄U„UÊ– •äÿˇÊÃÊ ÿÊÚ∑¸§ Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ÷ÊcÊÊ ∞fl¢ ÷ÊcÊÊ Áfl÷ʪ ∑§ ◊ÊŸŒ ¬˝Ê. ◊„¥Uº˝ fl◊ʸ Ÿ ∑§Ë– üÊË ‚àÿŒfl ≈¥Uª⁄U Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÃÕÊ üÊË ‹ˇ◊Ë ΔUÊ∑ȧ⁄UË Ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ‹π ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞ fl ¬˝‡ŸÊûÊ⁄U ∑§ ‚ÊÕ „UË ¬˝Õ◊ ‚òÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʬŸ „ÈU•Ê– ÁmÃËÿ ‚òÊ ∑§Ê Áfl·ÿ ¬Ífl˸ ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ fl ¬˝‡Êʢà ◊„UÊŸª⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ⁄U„UÊ Á¡‚◊¥ üÊË◊ÃË ◊ŸË·Ê ⁄UÊ◊⁄UÄπÊ (Á»§¡Ë), ‚ÈüÊË ©UŒËøË ¬Ê¢«Uÿ (Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U) ÃÕÊ üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ (ãÿÍ ÊË‹Ò¥«U)Ÿ ÷ʪ ‹Ã „ÈU∞ •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ¬⁄U flÄÃ√ÿ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ– ‚ÊÕ „UË üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹Ê ◊„UÃÊ Ÿ •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ ‚ flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª mÊ⁄UÊ ‚òÊ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹Ã „ÈU∞ •ÊÚS≈˛UÁ‹ÿÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ¬⁄U •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞– Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÊ‚Ë ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§ ‚ŒSÿ üÊË ‚àÿŒfl ≈¥Uª⁄U Ÿ ‚òÊ •äÿˇÊÃÊ ∑§Ë– ÃÎÃËÿ ‚òÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒ ◊„Uʂʪ⁄UËÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ÕÊ– üÊË ‚¢Ã ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ⁄UÊÿ (©U¬ÊäÿˇÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚Ê‚Êÿ≈UË Á‚¢ªÊ¬È⁄U) Ÿ ‚òÊ ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÃÊ ∑§Ë– üÊË◊ÃË ◊Ê‹ÃË ⁄UÊ◊’‹Ë («U⁄U’Ÿ ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»§˝ Ë∑§Ê), fl üÊË „UË⁄UÊ‹Ê‹ Á‡ÊflŸÊÕ (ªÊÒ≈Uª ŒÁˇÊáÊ •$»˝§Ë∑§Ê), üÊË ⁄U◊áÊË∑§ øËÃÍ (⁄UÊÚÁ«˛UÇ‚), «UÊÚ. ⁄UÊ¡⁄UÊŸË ªÊÁ’Ÿ 181

(◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ) ÃÕÊ «UÊÚ. ‚¢ÿÈÄÃÊ ÷ÈflŸ ⁄UÊ◊‚Ê⁄UÊ (◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ) Ÿ •¬Ÿ ‹π ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞– øÃÈÕ¸ ‚òÊ ŒÁˇÊáÊ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÁflcÊÿ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ÕÊ– •äÿˇÊÊ ¬˝Ê. ⁄U‡Ê◊Ë ⁄UÊ◊œÊŸË Ÿ ∑§Ë, ß‚ ‚òÊ ◊¥ üÊË flË⁄U¡ÊŸŒ •flÃÊ⁄U (‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊) ‚ÈüÊË fl·¸áÊË ©UœÊ Á‚¢„U (ªÿÊŸÊ) fl üÊË◊ÃË ‚¢äÿÊ •¢ø⁄UÊ Ê-Ÿfl‚Ê„U (◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ) Ÿ •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ ‹π ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞– xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U, wÆvy ∑§Ê ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ÁmÃËÿ ÁŒfl‚ ∑§Ê ¬˝Õ◊ ‚òÊ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ◊¥ ÃÎÃËÿ∑§ SUÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∞fl¢ ‡ÊÊœ fl ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ⁄U„UÊ Á¡‚∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÃÊ ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ∑ȧ‹¬ÁÃ, üÊË ÁøûÊ⁄¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ Ÿ ∑§Ë– ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ (◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ) ∑§ ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§ªáÊ «UÊÚ. •‹∑§Ê œŸ¬Ã «UÊÚ. ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË ⁄UÊ◊œÊ⁄UË fl üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ „UË⁄UÊ◊Ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝SÃÈÁÃÿÊ° „ÈUßZ– •¢Ã ◊¥ üÊË ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄UŒûÊ ªÈŒÊ⁄UË (◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ) Ÿ ¬˝ÊÕÁ◊∑§, ◊ÊäÿÁ◊∑§ fl SŸÊÃ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ◊¥ •Ê߸.‚Ë.≈UË. •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§ ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ ¬˝ÁflÁœÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl‡Ê Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ‹π ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ– ÁmÃËÿ ‚òÊ ∑§Ê ◊Í‹ ÁflcÊÿ $ªÒ⁄U-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË, •œ¸-‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË fl Sflÿ¢ ‚flË ‚¢SÕÊŸÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U ⁄U„UÊ– ‚òÊ ◊¥ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ‚ üÊË ÿ¢ÃÈŒfl ’¢œÈ, «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ, üÊË ŒÒfl÷⁄Uà ‚Ë⁄Uß ÃÕÊ üÊË ⁄UÊ¡ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ªÁà Ÿ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ– ‚òÊ ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊ üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÃÊ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ, ‚◊ãflÿ∑§, flÁ‹¢Ç≈UŸ Á„¢UŒË ¬ÊΔU‡ÊÊ‹Ê, ãÿÍ¡Ë‹Ò¥«U ⁄U„UË– ÃÎÃËÿ ‚òÊ «UÊÚ. ÁflŸÊŒ ’Ê‹Ê •L§áÊ ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÃÊ ◊¥ ÿÍ⁄UÊ¬ ∞fl¢ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ø‹Ê Á¡‚◊¥ ¬˝Ê. ◊„¥Uº˝ Á∑§‡ÊÊ⁄U fl◊ʸ (ÿÍ.∑§.) fl üÊË •‡ÊÊ∑§ •Ê¤ÊÊ (•◊⁄UË∑§Ê) Ÿ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ– ß‚ ‚òÊ ◊¥ üÊË ⁄UàŸÊ∑§⁄U Ÿ⁄UÊ‹ Ÿ ∑§ŸÊ«UÊ ‚ ÃÕÊ üÊË ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ◊ÊÕÈ⁄U Ÿ ŸËŒ⁄U‹Ò¥«U ‚ flËÁ«UÿÊ ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥UÁ‚¢ª mÊ⁄UÊ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ–


øÃÈÕ¸ ‚òÊ ∑§Ê ◊Í‹ ÁflcÊÿ Áfl‡fl ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U¬˝‚Ê⁄U — ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê fl ÿÊªŒÊŸ ⁄U„UÊ Á¡‚∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÃÊ ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë ‡ÊÊ‚Ë ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§ ‚ŒSÕ üÊË •¡ÊÁ◊‹ ◊ÊÃÊ’Œ‹ Ÿ ∑§Ë– ¬˝Ê. ÁøÃ⁄¢U¡Ÿ Á◊üÊ, üÊË◊ÃË ‚ÈŸËÁà ‡Ê◊ʸ (©U¬ ‚Áøfl (Á„¢UŒË) ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U) ÃÕÊ «UÊÚ. ‚¢¡Ëfl ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ‡Ê◊ʸ Ÿ ‹π ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞–

ªÊ‹◊ Ê ’ÒΔU∑§ (v Ÿ’¢’⁄U, wÆvy) ‡ÊÁŸflÊ⁄U v Ÿfl¢’⁄U ∑§Ê ªÊ‹◊ Ê ’ÒΔU∑§ ‹ªË– ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§Ê •Ê⁄¢U÷ üÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’¢œÈ, ◊ÈÅÿ ¬˝ÁÃflŒ∑§ ∑§Ë ŒÊ ÁŒfl‚Ëÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ë Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U ‚ „ÈU߸– ŒÊ ’ÒΔU∑§Ê¥ ◊¥ Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§ Áfl‡Ê· ‚¢Œ÷¸ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ÊÿÊZ ∑§Ê ¬ÈŸSÕʸ¬Ÿ ÃÕÊ ‚Ȍ΅∏UË∑§⁄UáÊ ¬⁄U ¬˝SÃÈÁÃÿÊ° „ÈUßZ–

‚◊ʬŸ ‚òÊ ªÊ‹◊¡ ’ÒΔU∑§ ∑§ ‚◊ʬŸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ „UË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʬŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ– ‚◊ʬŸ ‚òÊ ∑§U Áfl‡ÊcÊ •ÁÃÁÕ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©ëÔøÊÿÈÄà ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒªÔ˜ ‹, ◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ◊„UÊÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ üÊË Áfl¡ÿ ◊œÈ, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢’¢œ ¬Á⁄U·Œ ∑§ ◊„UÊÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ üÊË ‚ÃË‡Ê ◊„UÃÊ ÃÕÊ ´§ÁcÊ ŒÿÊŸ¢Œ ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ «UËŸ «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ ⁄U„U–” •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©ëÔøÊÿÈÄà ÃÕÊ üÊË ‚ÃˇÊ

◊„UÃÊ Ÿ •¬ŸÊ flÄÃ√ÿ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ– ‚◊ʬŸ ‚òÊ ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÃÊ ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄà Ÿ ∑§Ë ß‚ ⁄UÊà ◊¥ ŒÊ ªÊ‹◊ Ê ‚òÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÁÃflŒŸ üÊË ∑§‚Ÿ ’œÈ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÃÕÊ «UÊÚ. ©UŒÿ ŸÊ⁄UÊÿáÊ ª¢ªÍ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ◊¢Ã√ÿ ¬…∏U ª∞–

•ãÿ ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÊ° •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊcÔ≈˛UËÿ (ˇÊòÊËÿ) Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ ∑§ •¢Ã⁄UÊ‹ ◊¥ „UË ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ∑§‹Ê ∞fl¢ ‚S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§ ‚ÊÒ¡ãÿ ‚ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË S¬ËÁ∑¢§ª ÿÍÁŸÿŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ∞∑§ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ÃÕÊ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊÁªÿÊ¥ Ÿ vÆ •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊÁ¡Ã ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ©UŒÉ˜Ô ÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ◊¥ •¬ŸË ¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊÁªÃÊ ŒË– xv •Ä≈ÍU’⁄U ∑§Ê •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ÃÕÊ ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ‚ÊÁ„Uàÿ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ •ÊÿÊ¡∑§Ê¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢ÿÈÄà M§¬ ‚ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë ∑§Áfl ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á¡‚◊¥ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ‚ê◊‹ŸÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊÁªÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ∑§ß¸ Á„¢UŒË fl ÷Ê¡¬È⁄UË ÁflmÊŸ fl ∑§ÁflÿÊ¥ Ÿ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ– w Ÿfl¢’⁄U ∑§Ê Áª⁄UÁ◊Á≈UÿÊ ◊ ÊŒÍ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§ •Êª◊Ÿ ∑§Ë v}ÆflË¥ fl·¸ªÊ°ΔU ∑§ ©U¬‹ˇÿ ◊¥ •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë ÉÊÊ≈U ◊¥ ∞∑§ ÷√ÿ S◊⁄UáÊÊà‚fl ∑§Ê •ÊÿÊ¡Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á¡‚∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ •ÁÃÁÕ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ªáÊ⁄UÊÖÿ ∑§Ë ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¢òÊË, ◊ÊŸŸËÿÊ üÊË◊ÃË ‚È·◊Ê Sfl⁄UÊ¡ ⁄U„UË¥– ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊÁªÿÊ¥ Ÿ ß‚ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ◊¥ ÷Ë L§Áø ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ– Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ë Á⁄U¬Ê≈¸U

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©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÙ„U ◊¥ ◊„UÊŸÈ÷ÊflÙ¥ ∑§ ‚¢Œ‡Ê ‚ ∑ȧ¿U ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ∑§ÕŸ v. ““Á◊òÊÙ¥! «UÊÿS¬Ù⁄UÊ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ •ı⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ •Ê¬‚Ë ‚„UÿÙª ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ¬Í‹ SÕÊÁ¬Ã ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§ ◊Ä‚Œ ‚ •ÊÿÙÁ¡Ã ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ¡’ ◊ȤÊ ¬ÃÊ ø‹Ê ÃÙ ◊⁄UÊ ◊ÊÕÊ ªfl¸ ‚ ™°§øÊ „UÙ ªÿÊ– ◊ȤÊ ‹ªÊ „U◊ ‹Ùª Ÿ ∑§fl‹ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊ ¬⁄U ’ÁÀ∑§ ‚÷Ë •Ê¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ∑§ÁΔUŸ ‚◊ÿ ◊¥ •¬ŸË ÁŸcΔUÊ ∑§ ’‹ ¬⁄U •¬ŸË ÷Ê·Ê •ı⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§Ù ¡ËÁflà ⁄UπŸflÊ‹ •¬Ÿ ¬Ífl¸¡Ù¥ ∑§Ù ß‚‚ ’„UÃ⁄U ∑§Ù߸ üÊhÊ¢¡Á‹ Ÿ„UË¥ Œ ‚∑§Ã Õ–”” ““Á◊òÊÙ¥! •Ê¡ „U◊Ê⁄UË Á„¢UŒË ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ë ∑§ÁΔUŸÊßÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¬Ê⁄U ∑§⁄U∑§ Ç‹Ù’‹ ‹fl‹ ¬⁄U ß∑§ŸÙÁ◊∑§ •ı⁄U ¬ÊÚÁ‹Á≈U∑§‹ ◊„Uàfl ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê ’Ÿ ªß¸ „ÒU– ∞∑§ Á’Á‹ÿŸ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ë ÿ ÷Ê·Ê •Ê¡ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ¡Ê¬ÊŸ Ã∑§ ‚÷Ë ’«∏U Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ¬…∏UÊ߸ ¡Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ‚Êߢ‚ •ı⁄U ≈UÄŸÙ‹ÊÚ¡Ë ‚ ¡È«∏U ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ß‚ Ç‹Ù’‹ ¬‚¸¬ÁÄ≈Ufl ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§Ë ¬…∏UÊ߸ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ©U‚∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U Ã∑§ ◊¥ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ŒÎÁc≈U∑§ÙáÊ ÷Ë Ç‹Ù’‹ „UÙŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞– ß‚∑§ Á‹∞ „U◊ ‚÷Ë ∑§Ù ∞∑§ ‚ÊÕ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ¡M§⁄Uà „ÒU– ◊ȤÊ ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ß‚ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ Ÿ ß‚ Ÿ∞ Ç‹Ù’‹ ¬‚¸¬ÁÄ≈Ufl ◊¥ ߢ≈U⁄UŸ‡ÊŸ‹ ‚„UÿÙª ∑§Ë ß‚ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ë ÊM§⁄Uà ∑§Ù ‚◊¤ÊÃ „ÈU∞ ¡Ù ¬„U‹ ∑§Ë „ÒU flÙ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ŸÿÊ •äÿÊÿ ÅÊÙ‹ªÊ–”” ©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÙ„U ◊¥ ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË ⁄UÊ¡∑§‡fl⁄U ¬˝ÿʪ, ¡Ë.‚Ë.∞‚.∑§., ¡Ë.•Ù.∞‚.∑§., ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ªáÊ⁄UÊÖÿ ∑§ Ãà∑§Ê‹ËŸ ⁄UÊc≈˛U¬Áà ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔªÊ⁄U

•ı⁄U ©U‚∑§ ‚fl∑§Ù¥ ∑§ ÿÙªŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ∑§„UÊŸË Á‹ÅÊË „ÈU߸ „ÒU •ı⁄U ∑§fl‹ ßÁÄUÊ‚ „UË Ÿ„UË¥ Á„¢UŒË ß‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§ flø◊ÊŸ •ı⁄U ÷Áflcÿ ∑§Ë •„U◊ ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU– ß‚Á‹∞ „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •ı⁄U ‚÷Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ê·Ê•Ù¥ ∑§ ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§Ù ’„ÈUà ◊„Uàfl ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU–...◊ȤÊ ÿ ∑§„UÃ ’„ÈUà ªfl¸ ∑§Ê •ŸÈ÷fl „UÙ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ¬˝flÊ‚Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U-¬˝‚Ê⁄U Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ß‚ •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§Ê •ÊÿÙ¡Ÿ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ù ‚ÊÁ’à ∑§⁄U ŒÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ •’ ‚◊ÿ •Ê ªÿÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚ ’Ê„U⁄U ∞∑§ ŸÙ«U‹ åflÊÚߢ≈U ’Ÿ ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU...”” ““•Ê¬◊¥ ‚ ∑§ß¸ ‹Ùª ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ù ¡ÊŸÃ „UÙ¥ª Á∑§ ¡’ ŒÍ‚⁄U Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ∑§ Á‹∞ üÊË◊ÃË ß¢ÁŒ⁄UÊ ªÊ¢œË¡Ë ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ •Ê߸ ÕË¥ Ã’ ©Uã„UÙ¥Ÿ „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ı⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ¬˝◊ ∑§Ù Œπ∑§⁄U „U◊¥ “∞∑§ ¿UÙ≈UÊ ÷Ê⁄UÔ ∑§„UÊ ÕÊ– Ã’ ‚ ÷ÊßÿÙ¥ •ı⁄U ’„UŸÙ¥! •Ê¡ Ã∑§ „U◊Ê⁄UÊ Œ‡Ê ’„ÈUà ’«∏UÊ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU, „U◊Ê⁄U ¿UÙ≈U-¿UÙ≈U ≈Uʬȕ٥ ∑§Ù ÉÊ⁄UŸflÊ‹Ê ◊„Uʂʪ⁄U Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ „ÒU ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©U‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ‚ÊÕ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ◊¥ „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§Ê ‚ê◊ÊŸ ÷Ë Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ „ÒU, „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë •Êà◊Ê ÷Ë Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ „ÒU •ı⁄U ©U‚ •Êà◊Ê ◊¥ Á„¢UŒË •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒÈSÃÊŸË ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝◊ ÷Ë Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ „ÒU ß‚ËÁ‹∞ ◊Ò¥ ∑§„UŸÊ øÊ„Í°UªÊ Á∑§ •Ê¡ „U◊ “∞∑§ ¿UÙ≈UÊ ÷Ê⁄UÔ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU ’ÁÀ∑§ “∞∑§ •ı⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà „Ò¥U–” ©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÙ„U ◊¥ ◊ÊŸŸËÿ «UÊÚ. fl‚¢Ã ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ’ŸflÊ⁄UË, Ãà∑§Ê‹ËŸ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ fl ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ ◊¢òÊË, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔªÊ⁄U

w. ““Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê •ı⁄U Á„¢UŒË Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ß‚ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ Áfl‡Ê· ◊„Uàfl ⁄UπÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§ „U⁄U ¬ãŸ ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê

x. ““Á„¢UŒË åÿÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË •Á„¢U‚Ê ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU– Á„¢UŒË ∞∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU– „U◊ Á„¢UŒË ÷Ê·Ê ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚

183


‚Ê⁄U ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ◊¥ åÿÊ⁄U, •Á„¢U‚Ê •ı⁄U ∞∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ë ª¢ªÊ ’„UÊ∞°ª– ß‚Á‹∞, ÷ÊßÿÙ¥ •ı⁄U ’„UŸÙ¥! ◊Ò¥ ‚◊¤ÊÃÊ „Í°U Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ¬˝œÊŸ◊¢òÊË ¡Ë üÊË Ÿ⁄¥Uº˝ ◊ÙŒË ¡Ë •¢Ã⁄U⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U Á„¢UŒË „UË ’Ù‹Ã „Ò¥U...”” ©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÙ„U ◊¥ ◊ÊŸŸËÿ üÊË ◊ÈÅÊ‡fl⁄U øÍŸË, ¡Ë.•Ù.∞‚.∑§. Ãà∑§Ê‹ËŸ ∑§‹Ê fl ‚¢S∑ΧÁà ◊¢òÊË ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔªÊ⁄U

¡„UÊ°-¡„UÊ° ÕÙ«∏UÊ-’„ÈUà «UÊÿS¬Ù⁄UÊ „ÒU fl„UÊ° ⁄U„U ÃÙ flÙ Á„¢UŒË ÃÙ ’Ù‹Ã „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©UŸ∑§Ë •¬ŸË ∞∑§ ¬„UøÊŸ „ÒU– ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË „ÒU– ©U‚¬⁄U ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ê „U∑§ „ÒU– „U◊ ÷Ë Á„¢UŒË ’Ù‹Ã „Ò¥U ‹Á∑§Ÿ ÿ ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË „ÒU– ß‚Ë Ã⁄U„U »§Ë¡Ë ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË „ÒU, ªÿÊŸÊ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË „ÒU– ◊Ò¥ ‚Í⁄UËŸÊ◊ ∑§ flÀ«¸U Á„¢UŒË ∑§ÊÚã$»§⁄¥U‚ ◊¥ ÕÊ, ©U‚∑§Ë •¬ŸË Á„¢UŒË ÕË– ÃÙ ÿ ªÈ‹ŒSÃÊ •‹ª-•‹ª ⁄¢UªÙ¥ ∑§Ê „ÒU Á¡‚∑§Ù Á„¢UŒË ’Ù‹Ã „Ò¥U, ©U‚∑§ ‚Ê⁄U ⁄¢UªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ’øÊŸÊ ÊM§⁄UË „ÒU •ı⁄U ©UŸ ⁄¢UªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ’øÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ •Ê¡ fl „U◊Ê⁄U ÿ„UÊ° ß∑§≈˜UΔU „ÈU∞ „Ò¥U ¡Ù ©UŸ ¬ıœÙ¥ ∑§Ë ŒÅÊ-⁄UÅÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U–”” ©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÙ„U ◊¥ ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëøÊÿÈÄà ∑§ ©UŒ˜ÔªÊ⁄U

y. ““•Ê¡ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ◊¥ »Ò§‹Ê „ÈU•Ê „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ¡Ù w|-w} Á◊Á‹ÿŸ «UÊÿS¬Ù⁄UÊ „Ò¥U, ©UŸ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ∞‚Ë ¡ª„U „Ò¥U ¡„UÊ° Á„¢UŒË ’Ù‹ŸflÊ‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ ¿UÙ≈UË „ÒU– •ª⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ù ¬Í⁄UË Ã⁄U„U ‚ ‚¬Ù≈¸U Ÿ Á◊‹, ©UŸ∑§Ù ‚Ë¥øÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ªÿÊ ÃÙ fl„UÊ° ¬⁄U ß‚ ÷Ê·Ê ∑§Ù ÊM§⁄U ÕÙ«∏UÊ-’„ÈUà ¤Ê≈U∑§Ê ‹ª ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU ÄÿÙ¥Á∑§

184


÷ʪ-y — ÁøòÊÊfl‹Ë



©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U

©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ •ÁÃÁÕ fl ªáÊ◊Êãÿ •ÁÃÁÕÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ÷ʪ ‹Ÿ flÊ‹ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ¬˝ÁÃ÷ʪË

‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ©U¬ÁSÕà ÁflŒ‡ÊË fl ◊ÊÚ⁄UˇʂËÿ ¬˝ÁÃ÷ÊªË ÃÕÊ ªáÊ◊Êãÿ •ÁÃÁÕ 187


‚÷ʪÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ‚¢’ÊÁœÃ ∑§⁄UÃ „ÈU∞ ◊„UÊ◊Á„U◊ üÊË •ŸÍ¬ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ◊ÈŒ˜Ôª‹, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ©UëÔøÊÿÈÄÃ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ fl ‚¢øÊ‹Ÿ ‚Á◊Áà ∑§ •äÿˇÊ

Sflʪà flÄÃ√ÿ ŒÃ „ÈU∞ üÊË ª¢ªÊœ⁄UÁ‚¢„U ‚Èπ‹Ê‹, ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„U∑§ ◊„UÊ‚Áøfl, Áfl‡fl Á„¢UŒË ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ, ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ fl ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ‚¢ÿÊ¡∑§

©UŒ˜ÔÉÊÊ≈UŸ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U ◊¥ ©U¬ÁSÕà ◊ÊÚ⁄Uˇʂ ∑§Ë Á„¢UŒË ‡ÊÒˇÊÁáÊ∑§ fl ¬˝øÊ⁄U∑§ ‚¢SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑§ •äÿˇÊ, ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœ fl ‚ŒSÿ ªáÊ

188


‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊

◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ∑§‹Ê∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ “∑§◊⁄U ◊¥ œÊÁÃÿÊ” ªËà ¬˝SÃÈÁÃ

◊„UÊà◊Ê ªÊ¢œË ‚¢SÕÊŸ ∑§ ∑§‹Ê∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ “œ⁄UÃË •ê’⁄U” ªËà ¬˝SÃÈÁà 189


ߢÁŒ⁄UÊ ªÊ¢œË ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚Ê¢S∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ∑¥§º˝ ∑§ ∑§‹Ê∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ “fl¢Œ ◊ÊÃ⁄U◊” ‚¢ªËà fl ŸÎàÿ ¬˝SÃÈÁÃ

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