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authored the group's principal text, "Dialectics of the Dialectic” (1945), a manifesto for revolutionizing Surrealism per se. Automatism, collage, and delirium were too mechanical and not to be used; a perpetual revolution was necessary to keep the movement alive. As Luca declared in that text: This continually revolutionary state can only be maintained and developed by a dialectical position of permanent negation and of the negation of negation, a position which might be capable of the greatest imaginable extension towards everything and everyone. As a visual artist, Luca again proved to be original and innovative. His book, Beloved Quantitatively,2 was illustrated with dadaesque assemblages decorated with 944 “feathers of steel" (nibs from dip or fountain pens) of different shapes. Luca revisited three-dimensional modes of collage and assemblage, systematically studying the intervention of chance operation in the elaboration of images ("Cubomania," 1945). Indeed, he created delirious collages that consisted of cutting squares from illustrations and joining them in arbitrary patterns. The unexpected results in his album, Les Orgies des Quanta (1946), are of images cut up into squares as an irregular chessboard where squares are moved till a desired combination appears, a puzzle-like mysterious collage. Luca also constructed assemblages from found objects echoing Duchamp’s “ready-mades”: discarded doll’s heads, legs, and hands, miniature plastic dolls, as well as repurposed kitchen implements, such as a hand juicer, and from 1963 on he exhibited them in galleries in Bucharest, Berlin, and Paris. His collages were composed from collected found objects: the tattered cover of a popular serial pamphlet Fantomas, old postcards collaged with baby photos, or old illustrations from romance magazines. His artwork not only served as illustrations of his own writing (Le vampire passif), but also as individual works in such shows as “Unbound Desire” at the Tate and The Metropolitan (2001–                                                                                                               2

(Bucharest: Les Éditions de L'Oubli, MMXIII).

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Profile for Contra Mundum Press

Gherasim Luca Centenary Issue  

Essays and reflections in English and French on Romanian surrealist Gherasim Luca, including Luca's own texts and art. Also featuring rumi...

Gherasim Luca Centenary Issue  

Essays and reflections in English and French on Romanian surrealist Gherasim Luca, including Luca's own texts and art. Also featuring rumi...

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