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Oskar’s vast art collection, including this custom lobby sculpture, helps the building feel more like a hotel, than a residential lounge.
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Oskar, New York Manhattan’s once-rough Hell’s Kitchen neighborhood is certainly movin’ on up thanks to a multifamily project by CetraRuddy that’s pushing the boundaries of the multifamily experience.
10/2/19 1:04 PM
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©2019 LG Electronics U.S.A., Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ. All rights reserved. LG Life’s Good is a registered trademark of LG Corporation.
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Above: Viborg Provincial Archive; Vennershåbvej, Viborg, Denmark Architect: Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects Below: Crevin Upper Secondary School; Crevi, France Architect: Jean-Francois Golhen Architecte
Graphic Concrete: It’s the new face of precast.
Graphic Concrete gives you the freedom to impart nearly any pattern, image or design onto resilient precast wall surfaces. The versatile technology transfers custom or stock graphics as a surface retarder via a membrane placed at the bottom of the precast form. After the concrete is cured and extracted from the form, the retarder is washed away, revealing an image that results from the contrast between the fair-faced (smooth) surface and the exposed aggregate surface. It is as durable and maintenance-free as concrete itself. You can select various aggregates and pigments to dramatically expand possibilities in the finished surface. Precast concrete has a new look. And it’s bigger and more beautiful than ever.
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table of contents
10 The Product Publication of the U.S. Architectural Market
28 58 64
ON THE COVER
Artful Crossover Boasting an impressive art collection, Manhattan’s Oskar offers west-side residents a facility that mixes in the best amenities of the residential, hospitality and the office markets. Page 58 Photography: CetraRuddy
Trend Lines // by AP Staff Creating Connections: Don’t overestimate a person’s physical reaction to a space, as it may make or break a place.
Form // by Mindi Zissman Oskar, the new 183,000-sq.-ft. west-side Manhattan rental building, is designed in compliance with New York’s “Zone Green” program.
Function // by John Mesenbrink When modular floor manufacturer Interface combined office space into one corporate headquarters, they knew the space would be “fit for life.”
Water Resilient? Have a Plan
It’s not so much a matter of changing our location, as it is changing our habits to adapt to the inevitable. It starts with mindfulness. by Alan Weis, contributing editor
New and Improved
The Latest Product, Material and System Advances
Urban Growth. What is the Plan? by Jim Crockett, editorial director
Specifiers’ Solutions Resources, Events & Letters
Lighting the new T-Rex Exhibit Post Time! Race Track Redesign
New York State Goes Net Zero
Dorm Goes Full-On Metal
Architectural Products (ISSN 1557-4830) is published monthly except combined
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10 . 2019
Susan Heinking, Pepper Construction Building resiliency into projects is a top priority, and architects need to consider it in the context of construction. by Jim Crockett
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Revitalizing California Mixed-Use Community
Architectural Products Magazine, Volume 17, Number 8
Transforming Public Spaces Building with Algae Placing Fenestration Shoring Up Before Digging Down
by AP staff
10/8/19 2:28 PM
The Office Block Persecution Affinity (God Bless Them) I have a penchant for the band, the Kinks, and their architect, if you will, Ray Davies; particularly the singer-songwriter’s ability to turn a phrase, as remarked in the headline of this column. The line, for non-Kinkophiles, is from one of my favorites by the group, “The Village Green Preservation Society.” It’s funny, over time, how one can a “hear” a song entirely for the first time, despite having listened to it countless times. Perhaps it’s wisdom, or finally being able to share the experience the artist went through in producing the work, but it’s interesting to realize how one can change views on matters once held inviolable. For example, for a long time, I often felt it was a “waste” to see land go undeveloped—at least
The randomness and sprawl of urban growth and re-gentrification shout to a lack of master planning and vision for cities and suburbs. in urban and suburban environments. In fact, on my street, where an abandoned bus yard occupied a good third of the block, I thought three, maybe four, houses could be erected on the derelict site which once served a school a half block over. After years of neglect (the school closed), the village finally dozed the chain-link, barbed-wired and gravel eye-sore, planted some grass, and let it go fallow. While happy I no longer had to look at the homage to Col. Klink’s Stalag 13, at first, I was miffed the village didn’t sell the property for new homes—at the very least, to improve the tax roll. In hindsight, I’m glad they didn’t, be it for environmental mitigation matters, or whatever. While by no means, is it a beauty, this spartan “village green” has grown on me, especially as I come to better understand the desperate need for municipalities to better manage stormwater. Given the state of our decrepit infrastructure, the benefits of “green” infrastructure, resound, even if it’s just to hold water a bit, until it can be absorbed by the greater system. To the question of development as a whole— I remain excited to see so many cities, and oncedormant neighborhoods, come alive—but at the same time, like Davies, I’m leery of too much change, and its impact on “the people,” as the rocker sang in the aforementioned tune. Consider this, still relevant, stanza from the song: “We are the Skyscraper Condemnation Affiliates; God save Tudor houses, antique tables and billiards.” While in the late ’60s, Davies was warning of England losing its history and
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Discovery at the Realm, LandDesign
culture in the face of an invasion of soulless block architecture, here today, some people in Chicago are fighting back from the encroachment of overpowering residential towers trespassing into burgeoning collar neighborhoods. “Preserving the old ways from being abused/ Protecting the new ways, for me and for you; What more can we do?” This next stanza in the song also resonates today. My answer: A lot; the randomness and sprawl of urban growth and re-gentrification shout to a lack of master planning and vision for most cities and suburbs, including an accounting of hardscape. One firm that’s all over this is LandDesign. Among the fastest-growing firms for mixed-use developments and master-planned communities in and around Dallas, it is known for successful live-workplay concepts, walkable neighborhoods and repositioned upscale retail zones. Undergirding its success has been an adept combination of master planning, landscape architecture, urban design and civil engineering services as an integrated package. According to Brian Dench, .., a principal with the firm, linking planning and urbanism to civil engineering and landscape architecture helps lead to “breakthrough ideas that challenge common assumptions and solve thorny real estate development challenges.” As an example, he describes several projects in storm-prone areas where water drainage systems were designed as a civic amenity, integrated with parks, wetlands and recreational zones. “Our main inspiration for integrated services is our core mission: Creating places that matter,” says Dench. I couldn’t agree more. God bless the village green.
ART + DESIGN
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10 . 2019
10/3/19 10:51 AM
Any shape. Any environment. Anywhere. Technologically innovative, aesthetically sophisticated, and infinitely functional. From buildings, boats, and furniture to acoustic control, solar protection, and tensile or modular structures, our lightweight, durable and sustainable textile solutions meet the requirements of your project. There’s no limit to your imagination. Performance textiles for everywhere you are.
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resources, events & letters
resources + events PRINT
Simpson Strong-Tie has announced the release of its 20192020 catalog, which includes a comprehensive reference guide helping customers find the right solution within the company’s extensive fastener and fastener line systems. www.strongtie.com “The Complete Hafele” is now available online, and has solutions for architects, designers and project managers for all commercial project needs. The catalog is fully packed with a selection of hinges, door closers and exit devices. www.hafele.com STANDARDS
The WaterFurnace WC Modular Scroll Chiller is the perfect fit for commercial and industrial applications and redefines the concept of flexibility. Our patented 6-pipe header rack delivers simultaneous heating and cooling while accurately maintaining both temperature set points. The unique modular design allows the chiller to be installed and removed from the pipe rack without affecting the rest of the chiller plant. The WaterFurnace commercial product line has grown to fit almost any commercial or industrial job—whether it’s water source or geothermal, rooftop or chiller banks, small offices or large campuses. To learn more about our expanded commercial solutions, visit us at waterfurnace.com.
The modular design of the detachable pipe rack and the quick-turn latched access panels allow for ease of service on each module without compromising the rest of the system.
AAMA has updated its standards when it comes to polyurethane foams: AAMA 812-19, “Voluntary Practice for Assessment of Frame Deflection When Using One Component Polyurethane Foams for Air-Sealing Rough Openings of Fenestration Installations.” The new standards clarify physical foam properties, testing measure procedures and includes requirements for reporting test results. www.aamanet.org
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Metalcon Oct. 16-18 Pittsburgh www.metalcon.com American Concrete Institute Oct. 20-24 Cincinnati, Ohio www.concrete.org ASPE’s Tech Symposium Oct. 24-27 Wyndham Grand Pittsburgh Downtown, Pittsburgh www.aspe.org Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat’s 10th World Congress Oct. 28-Nov. 2 Chicago www.ctbuh2019.com
NOVEMBER 2019 1
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Healthcare Design Expo + Conference Nov. 2-5, 2019 New Orleans www.hcdexpo.com LED Specifier Summit Nov. 13 Chicago Navy Pier www.ledspecifiersummit.com Conference on Landscape Architecture Nov. 15-18 San Diego www.asla.org Greenbuild Nov. 20-22 Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta www.greenbuildexpo.com
WaterFurnace is a registered trademark of WaterFurnace International, Inc. ©2019 WaterFurnace International Inc.
10 . 2019
10/2/19 10:21 AM
ERA STYLE—CLEAR, WHITE
Stylish. Functional. Feeney.
For over 70 years, Feeney’s products have always been a marriage of form and function, and our new line of stationary awnings is no different. With resilient, wind-resistant polycarbonate panels and powder-coated aluminum construction, our awnings provide maximum protection in a wide variety of climates. And with two stunning style options, they add a distinct flair of beauty to any building. • Powder-coated in 14 standard colors as well as custom colors • Textured, clear, and gray tinted panel options • Built-in rain gutter • Engineered to withstand snow/wind loads up to 35.5 p.s.f. • Modular kits available for easy customization
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on spec by Janet Joseph Senior Vice President, Strategy and Market Development at The New York State Energy Research Development Authority (NYSERDA)
Best Practices in Net Zero Energy ››
Getting New York to Net Zero PASSIVE HOUSE ENERGY EFFICIENCY
© Handel Architects
A rendering of Sendero Verde. Located in East Harlem, this mixed-use development is anticipated to be the country’s largest development meeting rigorous Passive House energy efficiency standards and contain nearly 698 designated affordable units, extensive community space, retail space and outdoor gardens.
It is an exciting and transformative time to design and develop buildings in New York State with netzero buildings being a key component of our state’s carbon neutral future. Transitioning our stock by mid-century to meet this goal supports Governor Cuomo’s nation-leading Green New Deal and the recently signed Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act. Net-zero carbon buildings are highly energy efficient with all remaining energy coming from on-site or off-site renewable sources. Market data shows that more than 75% of buildings that will be in operation in the year 2050 are already standing. Typically, once a building is constructed it becomes much more expensive to implement significant energy and carbon reduction measures, making it important to incorporate net zero features as early as possible in a building’s design stages. Transforming the way buildings are designed, constructed, renovated and operated on the road to net zero requires collaboration with many different market participants and consumers. It requires fostering market change while accurately valuing and balancing clean energy, energy efficiency, healthy and productive interior spaces to live and work in, as well as resilience. Striking a proper balance means meeting climate and energy goals and lowering
carbon emissions, while scaling up demand through competition and innovation, addressing market needs and delivering value to building owners and occupants. Recent data from net-zero projects in New York has shown the incremental cost of most net zero projects to be between 1% and 4%. Developers have told that building to net zero is profitable today, and with steady cost compression, construction costs will continue to decline and become comparable to conventional construction within a few years. These factors, as well as growing interest from consumers for highly efficient and affordable lowcarbon living and working spaces, have increased the number of net zero buildings overall. New York State currently has 27 documented ongoing projects and 132 net zero, high-performance and Passive House buildings, and is leading the Northeast. Cost compression is based on many factors including applying new technologies, energy-efficient products, collaboration in a project’s early stages, advancing high-performance products and services, and replicating attributes of successful projects. Variable refrigerant flow (), where the refrigerant is conditioned by a single outdoor condensing unit and then circulated, and energy recovery ventilators () that minimize heating and cooling needs
required for ventilation while enhancing indoor air quality, are two systems emerging as the current “formula” for highly-efficient, cost-effective buildings. Also, panelized construction is showing significant promise, bringing superior performance at lower cost compared to site built options. The next system likely to undergo significant cost compression is domestic hot water heaters (). Lastly, we are just now starting to see leading edge construction tackle embedded carbon, and low impact refrigerants. Still, one of the most important factors for cost compression is a good team that starts design with efficiency and passive design features as a programming goal. Making highly efficient design and operation a required goal from the beginning and integrating all design professions and the construction team from the onset is critical to success. Market competition also continues to reduce costs, creating a better value proposition for developers and consumers alike. While the market has driven progress, the state continues to grow programs to incorporate low- and carbon-neutral measures as early as possible. Help is available for energy efficiency planning, standardizing new techniques and encouraging competition among service and technology providers. Earlier this year, ’s $30 million Buildings of Excellence Competition was announced to advance the design, construction and profitable operation of low- and zero-carbon multifamily buildings. The competition will hold its inaugural awards ceremony this fall, with over $10 million being awarded under the first round of funding and individual projects receiving up to $1 million. At the same time, the second round will launch to sustain momentum with additional projects. This year the state will begin developing a Net Zero Carbon Buildings Roadmap. Expected to be completed next year, it will chart a course for longterm change. Engagement and feedback from industry stakeholders will create the dialogue needed to drive solutions and market changes to bring net zero scale through highly replicable projects. Net-zero emissions by 2050 is achievable through planning, partnership and innovation, and this is just the beginning. Learn more at: www.nyserda.ny.gov.
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CONNECT EXPLORE CONNECT EXPLORE FOCUS CREATE ACOUSTIC CREATE CREATIVITY. FOCUS CONNECT CONNECT
Let your design dreams soar with AVIAR by ALPRO® corrugated metal acoustical ceilings. For more than half a century, ALPRO® by Gordon, Inc. corrugated acoustical ceiling solutions have set the standard for effective noise reduction. AVIAR by ALPRO® pushes the norm by combining soaring decorative expressions with superior acoustical performance. AVIAR by ALPRO® is a fully engineered ceiling system ideal for open structure ceilings. It’s available in a range of patterns and sizes with factory contoured perimeter trims and all components are powder coated after they are formed for a consistent look. Gordon delivers design freedom through Impassioned Innovation.
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codes + standards by Greg Ralph Vice President of Business Development, ClarkDietrich
Best Practices in Resiliency ››
Seven Reasons Cold-Formed Steel Is Ideal for Resilient Buildings Resiliency has become an oft-used buzzword in the architecture and design industries as building professionals seek methods for countering increasingly intense hurricane activity, wildfires, flooding and other natural events. Natural disasters cost the U.S. $91 billion in 2018, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (), a sign that a growing number of extreme weather events are taking a significant economic toll. But what defines a resilient building? Put simply, resilience refers to a building’s ability to withstand, respond to and recover rapidly from extreme events in a cost-effective manner. Of course, fortifying a structure against hurricane force winds and minimizing loss from fire present entirely unique sets of design challenges. With so many potential forces at work against a building, it’s important to take a holistic approach to resilient design and specify materials that are able to protect a structure on multiple fronts. When it comes to framing, there’s no more resilient option than cold-formed steel (). Here are seven reasons why contributes to the overall resiliency of a building: It is highly ductile. Cold-formed steel can easily bend or stretch without breaking when force is applied, and later return to its original shape without losing its material properties. This gives it a higher degree of resistance to lateral loads, uplift and gravity loading, such as those imposed on a structure by seismic or high-wind events.
web knockout return (stud only) flange
Cold-formed steel has the characteristics to withstand, respond to and recover rapidly from nearly any extreme event—an important consideration given increasingly intense hurricane activity, wildfires, flooding and other natural events.
It has the highest strength to weight ratio of all commonly used framing materials. When coldformed steel is formed into a -shape, like a stud, the bends act as stiffeners and increase the strength of the steel dramatically, providing a strength-toweight ratio that is significantly greater than that of dimensional lumber. This inherent strength, plus the fact cold-formed steel is such a relatively light material, also makes -framed structures less susceptible to the forces of inertia that wreak havoc on buildings during seismic events.
Cold-formed steel is non-combustible. Because it won’t burn, the material is eligible for use in Type 1 buildings where fire-resistance standards are most stringent. According to the Steel Framing Industry Assn., both load-bearing and non-loadbearing framed assemblies are fireproof up to four hours when subjected to tests conforming to E119. Cold-formed steel has also displayed resilience
Because cold-formed steel is such a ductile material it provides a higher degree of resistance to lateral loads such as those imposed by seismic or high-wind events. It also gives CFS framed wall and ceiling assemblies a higher resistance to uplift and gravity loading.
against fire exposure in tests that follow rigorous NFPA 285 protocols. It is consistent. Wood and concrete have a number of variables that can affect their performance, but once a steel stud has been formed it will remain straight with no change to the thickness, width or other dimensions, as well as strength and stiffness. Building professionals can be assured that framing members, produced under a third-party certification program, will arrive at the jobsite certified to comply with all standards.
is durable. It is corrosion resistant, doesn’t retain moisture and won’t harbor mold growth. When materials are underwater for any length of time, many are not salvageable when flood waters recede. Cold-formed steel utilizes zinc or similar coatings to boost durability and will last hundreds of years before its corrosion resistance deteriorates. In areas where atmospheric moisture, flooding, or any other inadvertent exposure to water is a threat, coldformed steel framing can be the difference between salvaging a structure or needing to completely gut and rebuild.
It is one of the few building materials that is completely impervious to termites and other pests in any climate or building type. According to Orkin, termite damage in the U.S. results in more than $5 billion annually. Not only are these infestations costly, but they can also compromise the integrity of the structure and limit its ability to respond to extreme events.
Lastly, cold-formed steel is a highly sustainable material. Steel framing contains on average a minimum 25% recycled content and is 100% recyclable at the end of its life. When structures have to be renovated or rebuilt after a devastating event, using a material that can be reused or recycled is beneficial from a cost, convenience and sustainability standpoint. Cold-formed steel is strong, durable and can contribute to a project’s sustainability goals. It won’t burn, corrode or harbor mold growth. It is resistant to pests, offers consistent strength, and boasts ductility and strength-to-weight ratio that make it perfect for resisting seismic and high wind events. As the industry continues to embrace resiliency, it is certainly worth considering how you can incorporate this versatile material into your upcoming projects.
10 10.2014 . 2019
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© 2018 NANA WALL SYSTEMS, INC.
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codes + standards by Ian Manser Energy Services Manager, Kingspan Insulated Panels
Best Practices in Insulation ››
Fire testing IMPs
Fire Performance of Insulated Metal Panels per IBC If you are interested in using insulated metal panels to improve performance, or more effectively meet a budget—or both—but are worried about how the internal insulation of such panel’s meets fire protection requirements of the International Building Code (), here are several important points you need to be aware of, at least as to how it specifically relates to the IBC 2018. Chapter 26, Section 2603: foam plastic insulation.
2603.3 Surface-Burning Characteristics The code requires insulation and manufactured assemblies to have a flame spread index of not more than 75, and a smoke-developed index of not more than 450. IMP manufacturers typically test and list their products with Factory Mutual Global (FM) for both commercial and code compliance purposes. 84 Test Reports are available for FS25/SG450. These values are also included in the 4880 report.
exterior-wall assemblies and single-story wall assemblies that do not meet the criteria outlined in Section 2603.4.1.4. See sidebar. 5.7 Ignition Panels are exempted from ignition requirement if exterior facer is minimum 26ga steel or 0.019 in. aluminum.
2603.6 Roofing Section 2603.9 “Special Approval” (specifically 4880 approval) exempts Kingspan’s products from the requirements of this section.
2603.7 Ignition Foam plastic insulation used as interior finish or interior trim in plenums. Foam panels meet the requirements of this section by virtue of E 84 values (FS<25/SG<450) and if facers are minimum 26ga steel or 0.016-in. aluminum.
Foam plastic should be separated from the interior of a building by an approved thermal barrier. Per Section 2603.9 “Special Approval” (specifically 4880 approval), products are exempt from the requirements of this section. That said, be aware of the differences in compliance between 2603.4.1 and 2603.9. In general, the code provides guidelines for compliance, but also acknowledges that there are always examples/techniques that lie outside of what is specifically covered in the code body.
2603.5 Exterior Walls of Buildings of Any Height Several subsections need to be considered: 5.1 Fire-Resistance-Rated Walls. New testing by Kingspan has resulted in a foamcore that meets a one-hour E119 test—a first in the industry. UL Design Numbers U017, U053, U326 and U356 describe the use of the panels in listed assemblies, and may be used to satisfy the UL 263 criteria required by this section. Will need to be generalized. 5.2 Thermal Barrier. IMPs are not specifically addressed in the code, so testing like 4880, UL1040, 286, etc., are particularly important. 5.3 Potential Heat. Potential Heat values ( 259) need to be complete for all foam systems. 5.4 Flame Spread and Smoke-Developed Indexes. 84 values for foam core(s) are complete. This is a very important test, which has implications in other chapters within the code. 5.5 Vertical and Lateral Fire Propagation. An 285 requirement: This required for all multi-story
The 285 fire test evaluates the flamepropagation potential of any wall system that contains combustible materials, typically foam plastic insulation. The wall systems evaluated are non-load bearing assemblies. Fire is introduced, and over a 30-minute testing period, flame propagation is measured over the exterior face of the assembly, within the combustible core of the panel, as well as the adjacent compartments. For an to get a passing grade: Flames must not be visually observed on the exterior wall 10-ft. or higher above the window opening header. Flames not be visually observed on the exterior wall horizontally 5-ft. or further from the center of the opening. Thermocouples at 10-ft. vertically, and 5-ft. laterally from the window not exceed 1000°F. Temperature rise does not exceed 1000°F within any wall cavity air space. Temperature rise does not exceed 750°F within any combustible wall components more than 0.25-in. thick. Temperature rise does not exceed 500°F within the second-story test room, measured 1-in. from the interior wall assembly surface. Flames are not visually observed within the second-story test room. IMPs containing foam plastic insulating materials that have passed fire test requirements have been proven to demonstrate excellent fire performance. The NFPA 285 test was implemented in 1980s. Since then, there have been no fatal fires involving combustible exterior cladding assemblies that have been tested to meet standards. In addition, cladding products containing non-combustible materials are typically associated with lower insulating efficiency. That is an important factor, as the demand for buildings to be resilient, healthy and energy efficient keeps increasing. IMPs with insulating foam cores hold a high R-Value and low thermal conductivity, providing buildings with superior thermal performance for the same thickness of multi-part wall systems incorporating conventional fiber-based insulation. They also act as a superior barrier to air, water and vapor, as well as mitigating the effects of the summer sun. While IMPs provide outstanding performance as a fire barrier, that doesn’t mean there’s a tradeoff when it comes to design flexibility.
2603.8 Protection Against Termites 2603.4 Thermal Barrier
IMPs Providing Barriers to Fire and Weather
This section requires 6-in. clearance between foam plastics and grade/exposed earth unless it is verified the structural members are made entirely of noncombustible materials or preservative treated wood.
2603.10 Wind Resistance Adequate response for wind resistance (specifically / 100 Standard). Please see pertinent Appendix from 1289 below and / 100-2012 Standard. The newest version of the code has expanded on the section significantly.
ASTM C 1289 When required, the wind-pressure performance of polyisocyanurate thermal insulation boards used as sheathing in exterior above-grade wall covering assemblies must be properly addressed through appropriate end-use standards or addressed through appropriate test methods with results reviewed and and approved by the appropriate agency. Flexural strength values determined in accordance with 11.5 are not appropriate for calculation of wind pressure performance because test conditions are not representative of actual end-use conditions. Exterior wall assemblies and components must be capable of adequately resisting wind pressure acting on the system as a whole and on particular layers or components of the system. The required design wind pressure resistances are specified in the applicable building code, standards, or by user specification for special circumstances.
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SOME SEE A WINDOW WE SEE A BREAKTHROUGH
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material advances + product breakthroughs
The subject of darkness and light is an important one, and something, I believe, that affects us more than we suspect. In looking at this super creative alley illumination in Chicago (right) by Shive-Hattery and Lighting, I am reminded of a recent rail journey from Manhattan to the Newark Airport. In crossing the tunnel under the Hudson, in looking into the eyes of my fellow commuters, I sensed—as I felt—a moment of limbo, as we all anxiously awaited for the train to emerge from darkness, even if it was only for a view of the Jersey swamps. Perhaps it is some remnant of childhood fear, but dark places like alleys, or spaces between buildings, can be ominous and certainly uninviting. This sentiment is certainly shared by Paul Gaines, the managing director, asset management, for Accesso, the property manager of the aforementioned alley and the pair of adjacent buildings encasing it. “It was a dark, dingy alley, populated with bicycle racks and trash cans, and a popular spot for smokers.”
“We turned ‘nothing’ into ‘something’ and created a little oasis in the middle of the city.” The company, very much wished to amend this nearly light-less, and life-less situation, and were able to turn “nothing” into “something,” creating a little oasis in the middle of the city. “The park has generated some great exposure for Monroe Plaza,” said Gaines, adding the city has been very supportive of the transformation, and even snapped up the space as a pop-up venue for their Activate! Chicago summer program. Not only is it heartening to hear of cooperation between the building operators and the city, but of the principal design team working with consultants, including the manufacturer, to deliver a custom solution, that’s clearly a model for mundane and murky places across every metropolis. I wholeheartedly endorse further out-of-the box urban explorations of this ilk, as was similarly conveyed in Montreal’s clever street construction camouflage seen in these pages last issue. Boiling things to its essence, it is all about humanizing spaces and places—a pretty good credo if you ask me. —Jim Crockett, editorial director
© AJ Brown Imaging
Follow the Light
Transforming Undesirable Public Spaces Alley transformed into a welcoming public space with patterned lighting. There is a cheerful little alley in the heart of downtown Chicago. It is a welcoming space with playful seating, synthetic turf and warm lighting. Its very presence is in sharp contrast to the metal and glass of the skyscrapers towering above it. After the buildings’ owners, Accesso, purchased the pair of adjacent properties, they decided to re-brand the space as “Monroe Plaza Pocket Park.” It then turned its efforts to the outdoor space between the buildings. “We saw an opportunity to use lighting as a point of visual interest and attraction,” said Mark Matuska, architect at Shive-Hattery, the project’s designer. “We wanted the lighting to mark this area as a destination.” The architects collaborated with KSA Lighting and the design-assist team at A-Light to create an eye-catching lighting scheme. The final design includes the company’s ACL5 recessed LED luminaire, installed in a criss-cross pattern on the underside of the wood-like canopy; and the ACL3, a surface mount luminaire, installed along a zig-zag concrete frame. Each “X” in the pattern is formed with one long linear fixture and two short fixtures, welded together. “The angled layout is intentional, to provide a juxtaposition to the rigid lines of the surrounding buildings,” said Matuska.
According to Shive-Hattery architect Mark Matuska, the firm was drawn to the A-Light fixtures particular products because the manufacturer was able to meet its design requirements. “The Design-Assist team was able to provide continuouslooking linear fixtures with custom angled connections,” says Matuska.
A-Light www.alights.com Circle 396
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Carbon fibers, produced from algae oil as new building material, may extract more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than it produces.
NEW WORLD ORDER?
Algae, the New Building Material? The most recent global IPCC climate report considers manufacturing processes which use more carbon dioxide (CO2) than they release to be an important option to get climate change under control. The objective of the Green Carbon Project, by Technical University of Munich (TUM), is to develop manufacturing processes for polymers and carbon-based light-weight construction materials based on algae. In combination with granite or other types of hard rock, carbon fibers make possible all-new construction and building materials. Theoretical calculations show that if the carbon fibers are produced from algae oil, production of the innovative materials extracts more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than it sets free. Due to their fast growth, microalgae like those cultivated in the technical algae centre at TUM’s Ludwig Bölkow Campus, near Munich, can actively store CO2 in the form of biomass. CO2 is mainly bound in sugars and algae oil. In the further course of the project, the plastics will be combined with the carbon fibers to produce corresponding composite materials. Not only do they have a negative CO2 balance, they are also lighter than aluminum and stronger than steel.
Not only do algae/stone composites have a negative CO2 balance, they are also lighter than aluminium and stronger than steel.
Technical U. of Munich www.tum.de Circle 395
Nip it in the Bud
Material Model Aiming to drive the building and construction industry forward with its investment in 3D printing mortar technology, LATICRETE recently sponsored Ball State University to create a 3D-printed concrete shell of 110 unique panels that will be assembled on top of a pavilion created using a 3D printable mortar prototype the company has developed and plans to launch in 2020. The project will be featured at Exhibit Columbus, the annual exploration of architecture, art and design in Columbus, Ind. LATICRETE
www.laticrete.com Circle 394
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Every multifamily building has a lot of equipment on the roof, and typically at least one canopy extending from other floors. According to Gahl Spanier, a Passive House consultant with the Assn. for Energy Affordability, these are structural elements that must connect to the building. The most common way to connect them is with continuous steel beams, which are very thermally conductive. However, structural thermal breaks, such as Schöck’s Isokorb product, can address this issue. “Without the STBs, thermal bridges might cause moisture accumulation and other problems.” Take a look at the adjacent case study for more. Schöck
www.schock-na.com Circle 393
Passive House measures influence every aspect of the Corona Senior Residence of the Hellenic American Neighborhood Action Committee—the first affordable senior housing in the Queens neighborhood in more than 30 years. A key element in Corona’s design is its aversion of thermal bridging by its use of structural thermal breaks from Schöck Isokorb. The type S22 structural thermal breaks mitigate thermal bridging where rooftop energy recovery ventilation units connect to the building, and at the building’s two 8 ft. × 10 ft. canopies. Schöck North America reports that STBs reduce heat loss at connection points by about 50%, as compared to heat transfer through a continuous steel beam.
10/2/19 1:56 PM
BREEAM IN A NUTSHELL —Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method—created by the Building Research Establishment (BRE) is an international scheme that provides independent third-party certification of the assessment of the sustainability performance of projects. Assessment and certification can take place at a number of stages in the built environment life cycle, from design and construction through to operation and refurbishment. The third-party certification involves the checking by a licensed assessor to ensure that it meets the quality and performance standards of the scheme. measures sustainable value in a series of categories, ranging from energy to ecology.
Each category addresses influential factors, including lowimpact design and carbon emissions reduction, design durability and resilience, adaption to climate change, and ecological value and biodiversity protection. • Energy • Health and Wellbeing • Innovation • Land Use • Materials
• Management • Pollution • Transport • Waste • Water
Net Zero, LEED & BREEAM Fly Architects and owners have new options to certify, quantify and codify their efforts to achieve sustainability in building projects, including an import from over seas. LANDMARK EVENT
Already one of the most architecturally distinct buildings in San Francisco, the historic Landmark One Market Building received the distinction of becoming the first U.S. BREAMM-certified building on July 15, 2019.
KEEP CALM, SAIL ON
The building’s fabric wrap provides a heat saving air cushion of approximately 4-5°C, by controlling the amount of sunlight that enters the building, reducing energy used in cooling, as well as reducing carbon emissions.
Urban growth and development is at the highest amount ever recorded; United Nations’ projections, in fact, estimate another 2.5-trillion sq. ft. of buildings will be added to the built environment by 2060. With growing pressure from around the world to develop new climate-considerate technologies and policies, many new developments have surfaced on the regulations front, as well as projects centering around net-zero infrastructure and architecture. Standards, codes and certifications are catching up. One of the newest is a zero-energy code published by Architecture 2030. Combining measures for energy efficiency alongside on-site renewable energy sources, the implementation of this new code is made easier by the fact that it builds on top of the existing , and basically requires a bit more effort in regard to the implementation of renewable energy sources. The zero code also provides several suggestion paths for those seeking to work with local jurisdictions to create custom fits for an individual building’s climate and use, including options for offsite renewable energy sources. Certifications are also changing: the now offers for Zero, and the UK-based certifica-
tion , now has an option for projects in the Unites States. The first for Zero certification is Entegrity’s HQ located in Little Rock, Ark. The partners of Entegrity, Matt Bell, Chris Ladner and Michael Parker, received their certification in June. A second building Entegrity renovated in 2016, the historic Darragh Building, earned certifications from and International Living Future Institute. San Francisco, meanwhile, is the home to the first U.S. -certified project—the Landmark One Market building. Already one of the most architecturally distinct buildings on the Embarcadero, it received the distinction in July. Originally the headquarters of the Southern Pacific Railroad, it was renovated in 1998 into a Class A office building, while preserving historic features. The building is located in San Francisco’s famed Financial District overlooking, the Ferry Building and the San Francisco Bay.
BREEAM in Action For a closer look at , it’s worth examining Land Rover BAR sport’s team and business headquarters (pictured above), which achieved an “Excellent” rating. The building sports more than
400 solar panels that cover 100% of the available roof space, and generate 130MWh/year of power. Natural ventilation is achieved through the building’s central atrium, eliminating the need for mechanical ventilation. Abundant natural light and low energy LED lighting help reduce energy costs. On the water front, rainwater harvesting has led to a 25% increase in water efficiency vs. existing U.K. building regulation standards. In addition to adding an iconic architectural element that ties in nicely with the team’s sailing mission, the building’s fabric wrap provides a heat-saving air cushion of approximately 4-5°C, while regulating the amount of sunlight that enters the building, reducing energy used in cooling and so reduces the carbon emissions. During construction of the building 100% of demolition concrete was reused and 98% of waste diverted from landfills. The building also contains two garden sites, including one on the roof providing vegetables and herbs to the kitchen. The building provides easy access to public transport and has cycling provisions; it is prepared for its end of life with design/material choices that make recycling easier. The site is a testament to the ability of eco-friendly architecture.
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Pinterest Headquarters Architect: IwamotoScott Architecture Product: Aluratone 750 Perfection acoustical veneered panels
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Placing Fenestration According to Jakob Strømann-Andersen, PhD, MSc. Arch. Eng., +, Auditor, partner and head of sustainability engineering and landscape design, with Henning Larsen, Copenhagen, Denmark, the size and placement of windows is one of the most important design parameters when it comes to architecture, in general, “and even more so when designing energy-efficient buildings.” In performing parametric studies for the design of a building at the University of Cincinnati’s College of Business, Henning Larsen evaluated different patterns and rhythms of components, balancing window-to-wall ratios with internal cooling loads in order to meet specific low-energy targets, facilitate potential lowenergy cooling systems and improve interior thermal comfort. Ultimately, the majority of office areas were placed on the north façade to avoid overheating, reduce cooling demand and utilize what Strømann-Andersen describes as stable daylight. Alternatively, classrooms were placed on the south façade as they can better deal with overheating due to higher air exchange rates. Situated deeper into the floor plate, the classrooms are also less challenged with solar heat gain. “Working strategically with the façade, fenestration and systems of the building concept, we have managed to lower the energy cost savings by 24%, compared to similar buildings,” reports Strømann-Andersen. At the end of the day, Henning Larsen believes that access to daylight is a human right, and if a choice has to be made between wellbeing and energy efficiency, “we always compromise in favor of the comfort of the user. If that requires a less energy efficient fenestration design, we must seek to make the building perform more efficient in other aspects,” concludes Strømann-Andersen.
The west elevation has a 31% glazing to facade ratio achieving a 58% sDA (top), and a 19% ASE (bottom image).
The north elevation has a 51% glazing to facade ratio achieving a 94% sDA (left), and 0% ASE (right).
The east elevation has a 31% glazing to facade ratio achieving a 55% sDA (top), and a 43% ASE (bottom).
This energy model for Spatial Daylight Autonomy shows that the percentage of floor area that will receive a minimum 300 lux for at least 50% of annual occupied hours.
© Henning Larsen
Henning Larsen’s design approach to daylighting at the University of Cincinnati’s 2,225,000 sq. ft. College of Business involved three critical facets: First, an analysis of local weather conditions, local context, rooms and functions is performed; Second, optimal orientation and window-to-wall ratio configuration; and third, testing that performance is delivered as designed.
ALL THINGS CONSIDERED
Henning Larsen’s design reduced annual solar gain cooling loads by approximately 70% in the closed offices by locating the majority of these spaces on the north façade.
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MODERNIZING HISTORIC SITES
Shoring Up Before Digging Down New micropiles are no “mini” task, but critical to stabilizing work to ensure a firm foundation. Editor’s note: Following up on our June feature examining the impact of stadiums affecting urban development, which included a look at Wrigley Field. The following is the first in a series detailing behind-thescenes insights from Kevin Heatter, vice president and project director, Pepper Construction. This installation examines shoring and deep foundation work that enabled restoration and expansion of the 100-yearold-plus stadium in a dense neighborhood. Much has been written about the historic restoration of Wrigley Field, otherwise known as the 1060 Project. An ambitious construction/restoration, the project had four main goals: Improve overall fan and player experience; generate revenue; restore the historic aspects of the ballpark; and ensure that fans will continue to enjoy the ballpark for years to come. The list of improvements was extensive: modernize and restore the ballpark, improve player facilities, add new premier clubs and fan amenities, improve availability of concessions, expand restroom facilities, install digital outfield signage and video boards, add modern media facilities, and convert a parking lot into a six-story office building with multiple basements and a subterranean clubhouse. Work spanned eight years—three in preconstruction, including two years of enabling work—with construction primarily completed during the off-season. Such a schedule required meticulous sequencing to strengthen the primary column foundations ahead of the structural expansion. WRIGLEY BEDROCK
Wrigley Field is built on a sandy lake bed that was raised with repeated infilling. Bedrock begins almost 75 ft. below the surface, making soil stabilization of utmost importance.
Firm Foundation Like much of the city, Wrigley Field is built on a sandy lake bed that was raised with repeated infilling. Bedrock begins approximately 90-ft. below the surface. The stadium was essentially lifted onto stilts while the foundations and column supports were strengthened, increasing foundational load capacity. Each major F-line column was lifted from the existing footing, and reset on the new deep foundation in a 13-week process per column. Four micropiles were installed 100-ft. under each column before welding on a new zero-tolerance column base. Each micropile can withstand 500,000 pounds of force—enough to support the Statue of Liberty. More than 200 micropiles now provide the broad shoulders on which Wrigley’s added amenities sit. Sheet piling was driven 40-ft. down into the silty clay where it meets the hardpan to separate the excavated area from the ballpark and keep the surrounding soil from collapsing in during construction. Sheet piling was placed on all four sides of the lower bowl prior to excavation of the new basement level, including digging into the water table.
Nearly every earth retention and foundation system was used—an engineering feat. Each component required its own solution based on soil, elevation, surrounding structures, load, deflection criteria, cost and schedule impacts. The lower bowl and basement used sheet piling with cross-lot bracing and drilled tie-backs at the radius. Finally, a continuous jet grout wall was used at the tunnel connecting to the new players’ clubhouse.
Outfield Bleachers—A Deep Dive Deep foundations are elements that are used to transmit loads to underlying competent soil strata or rock below the surface. One example of their use was the improvement and expansion of the bleachers. Pepper partnered with Case Foundation, who completed the installation of 69 caissons supporting the bleachers. Six belled caissons were installed as top of rock caissons, due to ground water conditions, at the original bearing elevation approximately 70-ft. below grade. Each top of rock caisson was founded on the surface of the limestone bedrock approximately 90-ft. below grade, and utilized a 50 ton/sq.-ft. bearing
capacity. Sixty-three additional belled caissons were installed with shafts ranging from 3 ft. to 6 ft. in diameter and bells ranging from 6 ft. to 15 ft. in diameter. The belled caissons were founded on hardpan approximately 45-ft. to 50-ft. below grade. The next installation will highlight the technology and prefabrication work that helped Pepper construct this complex project smarter and more efficiently.
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A SMARTER FAÇADE THAT
Dri-Design Tapered Series wall panels have the ability to create a unique effect of rich texture, giving buildings their own individual identity. The addition of a custom perforated pattern on tapered panels allowed the Niche building in downtown Chicago to conceal their parking structure with a ventilated façade which is also a piece art. Even with this unique look , Dri-Design’s signature ease of installation is maintained and only a single plane of substrate was needed for attachment. • No sealants, gaskets or butyl tape means no streaking and no maintenance for owners.
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MASSACHUSETTS DOUBLES DOWN ON ONSITE ENERGY STORAGE
PV FUNDING AVAILABLE
Funding for the $20 million storage-grant program is coming from penalties paid by Massachusetts utilities when they are unable to meet state standards for renewable energy use. That fund has collected approximately $200 million over the last five years.
Massachusetts is already known as a national leader in boosting energy efficiency, and now it appears to be aiming for an equally strong position in national energy-storage rankings. The commonwealth’s Clean Energy Center is making an effort to double its commitment to a state-financed energy-storage grant program, to $20 million, from a previously planned $10 million. The move came in response to the high quality of the applications submitted to the program, according to Center CEO Stephen Pike. Funded pilot projects, involving 14 different business models, will match the $20 million in public funds with an additional $32 million in private investment to build out 85 megawatthours (MWh) of capacity. Currently, the state’s grid only supports 7 MWh of storage. In addition to aiding proposed battery-based approaches, the grants also target projects incorporating flywheels, thermal storage and pumped hydroelectric power systems.
Serious and quality funding applications has driven Massachusetts to double its commitment to subsidizing solar. FOLLOW THE SUN
Dual-axis solar tracking maximizes electricity production by closely following the sun’s east/west and north/south movement. Edisun Microgrids PV Booster trackers have a lowprofile design to minimize wind exposure in rooftop applications.
EZ Button Off-Grid Power
Bringing Tracking PV to Rooftops This Chiquita Brands International cold-storage facility is now home to the world’s largest rooftop tracking solar-photovoltaic (PV) panel installation, thanks to a new tracking system designed specifically for the needs of commercial and industrial roof installations. The 1.0 megawatt (MW) array incorporates 2,900 trackermounted panels across 368,000 sq. ft. of the storage facility’s 528,000-sq.-ft. roof. Solar trackers rotate to follow the sun’s path through the daytime sky. The Edisun Microgrids, PV Booster units used in this installation are dual axis, so they also adjust panel position based on time of year, with movement controlled by light sensors installed on each panel. Though per-panel balance of system costs are higher, dual-axis panels produce more electricity than fixed or single-axis units, so fewer are needed to produce a desired amount of electricity. Though wind loads can make such installations problematic on rooftops, an issue Edisun’s system addresses with a high-strength, low-profile design.
This no-trenching solution allows the addition of solar power without making it an expensive or time-consuming project. Solar charging is easy to add to one’s grounds or campus without an expensive construction project. This off-grid solution from Wiremold installs quickly with no trenching, and provides charging for up to six devices; mounts to any 4-in. round light pole (not included in kit). The kit mounts to any 4-in. diameter straight light poll; the outdoor-rated construction is designed to withstand hurricane-force winds. An extender kit enables the system to be used with light poles 13 ft. to 18 ft. in height. Wiremold/Legrand www.legrand.us Circle 391
This project is the first under a partnership between Edisun and West Hills Construction, a general construction firm with experience in rooftop solar installation. The two companies are developing a pipeline to develop up to 20 MW of rooftop solar using PV Booster equipment. www.edisun.com Circle 392 VERSATILE
Each shelf contains two ports with 3.1A shared power. illumination at each port assists with after-dark use. Sliding doors protect the stations from weather when not in use.
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Building Envelopes for the 22nd Century Nine on the Hudson - Luxury Residences Owner: K. Hovnanian Enterprises Architect: Marchetto Higgins Stieve Precaster: Smith-Midland
A COMPLETE TURN-KEY HIGH-PERFORMANCE ENVELOPE SYSTEM HEALTHCARE • HOSPITALITY • INSTITUTIONAL • MIXED-USE • MULTI-FAMILY • OFFICES • SCHOOLS
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F E AT U R E
T R EN D L I N E S
A R CH I T EC T U R A L ACC EN T S
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A R C H I T EC T U R A L ACC EN T S
F E AT U R E
T R EN D L I N E S
creating emotional connections Don’t underestimate physical reaction to a space, as it may make or break a place. Here at the Little Stories shoe store in Valencia, Spain, by CLAP Studio, the primary palette helped realize the design drivers: games, simplicity and adaptability. Children are encouraged here, to touch and feel.
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F E AT U R E
A R CH I T EC T U R A L ACC EN T S
T R EN D L I N E S
“Feelings are real and offer a tool to measure the success of architecture,” says Gary Koerner, , president of the Dallas-based firm three. Indeed, “Architecture evokes emotion” is the credo of the firm, known for memorable boutique hospitality and senior living projects. By translating desirable feelings into architectural concepts, three has conceived and executed successful hotels, mixed-use buildings and senior residences, including Harbor’s Edge, a luxury residential tower for active aging. “The designer’s job is to understand how environments make individuals feel, and to use those findings to engage the user in creating a relationship with the property.”
Today, adds Koerner, feelings are much more important to offline, inperson experiences, in part due to the impacts of social media, user review sites, like Yelp and TripAdvisor, and other ways that building users can immediately post their emotional reactions to architecture and places. “For these reasons, authenticity and consistency of experience and aesthetics all matter more than ever,” says Koerner. To help client-developers of hospitality, residential and senior-care facilities develop strong architectural statements that elicit the right emotions, Koerner and three have devised a process that begins with design research, end-user profiling and an in-depth client group engagement.
Created by Lorose Guyon and designed after Parisian cultural icon and dancer Caroline Otero, the eponymous chandelier is actually six individual fixtures put together in a way that gives this lobby’s already vast ceiling an even more spacious appearance by way of a stunning vertical illusion. Created with glimmering copper chains, by the aforementioned Canadian design factory, this artifact is functional yet elegant.
Creates a cruise ship on land.
Named so because of its ability to adapt to any environment, the Chameleon’s range of articulated features is a result of extensive engineering; it offers limitless table solutions that reflect the seamlessness of its mechanics, overall versatility and functionality.
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Harbor’s Edge is a luxury residential tower for active aging, by Dallas-based three. According to Gary Koerner, the firm’s president, the designer’s job in more speciality projects is to understand how environments make individuals feel, and to use those findings to engage the user in creating a relationship with the property. In this case, the feel of a cruise ship.
Available in any color, these wall tiles are easy to customize and install. They are capable of turning down noise with an NRC range of 0.25 to 0.40.
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exceptional color retention and minimal chalking and fading. At the same time, with its cool pigments, this performer lessens the heat island effect and complies with Energy Star, LEED and Cool Roof Standards for a long, beautiful life.
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F E AT U R E
A R CH I T EC T U R A L ACC EN T S
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Don’t underestimate a person’s physical reaction to a space, as it may make or break a place. Here at the Icha Chateau, the soft nature of metallic screens allow patrons to touch and feel them, while a gray mirror reflects the gold waves giving diners a sense of eating under a forest canopy.
Start With Words, Not Images
The Icha Chateau, by Spacemen, is a tea shop in Singapore converted from a mid-19th century colonial heritage building. The restaurant’s integrated brass cage at its foyer glistens like a golden tea pot, drawing in passers-by to glimpse into the space. Its interior is hung with 35,000 meters of undulating gold chains, in three shades, which allow a sense of permeability while concealing equipment. Each layer mimics mountainous tea fields which inspired the theme.
To begin the process, Koerner advises creating a vocabulary that reflects the client’s intended destination experience. This, he says, determines the desired feelings the architectural expression and environment should promote. “Deliverables go beyond mere mission statements and image clippings to define a set of words and descriptors of how their property and environments should feel.” For example, stakeholders for a beach-side resort development helped list words which eventually inspire the arrival sequence, sensory attributes of the spaces, and how the indoor and outdoor experiences connect. For a large spa designed for the Fairmont Scottsdale Princess Hotel, the client group described their vision for a “spa that would capture the guest’s interest and make them stay for
an entire day,” rather than the few hours that is typical of a spa visit, notes the designer. With the clients, the firm helped craft a language and vocabulary for this enticing and comfortably alluring place, and built its floor plan, programming and visual identity around the emotional language. With its indooroutdoor connections, relationships of interior spaces and easy-to-access amenities, like its rooftop pool, the project stakeholders created the strongest emotional ties with architecture.
Set Aside Time and Resources The design process, adds Koerner, should be customized to the client, but a typical three project begins with a two-day design workshop and an extensive site analysis to fully assess the context and uniqueness of the location. “These two steps are essential for avoiding formulaic responses or falling back on dated hotel products, which we intentionally stay away from,” he says. “And it is a successful discipline that has driven us to where we have none of the same products or projects out there. All of them are special, because they originate from the emotional underpinnings from the workshop overlaid on an understanding of its unique site, with the goal of allowing transformation for the guest or resident.”
For a large spa designed for the Fairmont Scottsdale Princess Hotel, three’s client group described their vision for the project as a “spa that would capture the guest’s interest and make them stay for an entire day,” rather than the few hours that is typical of such facilities. HIGH ROCKER
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F E AT U R E
A R CH I T EC T U R A L ACC EN T S
T R EN D L I N E S
Wash, Rinse and Repeat Next, feedback must be organized, prioritized and refined to its essence; then, Koerner says, it must be reflected back to the stakeholders. A simple word like “intimate,” for example, conjures different ideas depending on the beholder. Is it actually a sense of the romantic, or the homey, or the small scale of a place? In another instance, an operator of senior communities described its desired experience as “a cruise ship on land”—an idea that led to specific emotional concepts such as one’s sense of enjoyment, the notion of leaving the rest of the world behind, and of being in a special destination.
Walk-through and Ask Probing Questions Each three project also undergoes a walk-and-talk survey, which brings together the transformational and visual requirements of the architecture. For example, at a recent walkthrough on Nevis in the Caribbean, the firm uncovered visual elements related to the island’s volcanic lava flows, and captured the emotional dimensions of how the hotel guests would relate to these natural organic forms, both indoors and outdoors. NEVIS IN THE CARIBBEAN
Koerner believes it’s essential to explore a project thoroughly, including its physical location, as a means of inspiration. In the case of the resort, remnants of lava’s impact on the island informed the shapes and experiences guests would encounter.
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Vitra has developed Soft Work workstation furniture around seating, with consideration toward the fact that a growing number of people treat couches as work areas.
Synthesize the Finding for Concept Design All this work, says Koerner, helps define a set of words that ultimately provides a guide for architects, interior designers and landscape architects. “Done well, the work shapes all the forms and materials and spaces that go into it.” In this phase, three encourages the development team to feel the experience in two and three dimensions, to walk through the experience using visualizations and sketches, and to put the stakeholders in the role of the guest or resident. “In essence we allow the client’s words to narrate, and we illustrate,” says Koerner. By this phase, says Koerner, the project team is 98% of the way to a fully fleshed out design concept—with a real consensus on what was achieved. “The reason for this is that people really connect with the words that they have previously assigned to an idea, and while the words might evolve with the project, the connection remains,” he explains. “The frame of reference for our schematic design, and later design development, is what we defined in the emotional experience that residents and guests will have. We measure our design continually by always referring back to the words which ultimately drive the architecture.” The firm three is also known for studying the results of its work. Using client research and post-occupancy surveys of residents, guests and loyal visitors can help determine if the process fully captured the essential emotional connection.
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Want Resilient Cities and Structures? have a plan. In the summer of 1993, many of the Midwest’s rivers flooded, including the Iowa River in Iowa City—a 100-year event. 15 years later, it happened again. If resiliency practices were incorporated, however, might such disasters be mitigated?
BY ALAN WEIS, CONTRIBUTING WRITER
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Why do we build cities on rivers? Or in deserts where the A/C needs to be on all the time, and water has to be piped in to irrigate vegetation that is anything but native? That said, is there a perfectly resilient location?
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These are moot questions. Human history has always balanced adapting to our environments and making our environments adapt to us. Lately, we have arguably been going way too far in the latter direction. Will we move cities to higher ground, so to speak?
No. Itâ€™s not a matter of changing our location, as it is changing our habits to adapt to the inevitable. It starts with mindfulness. At Seattle-based architecture firm Mithun, resilience is built into the plan as one of six sustainability
categories that clients and project teams focus on at the beginning, as well as throughout each project. The other aspects focus on ecosystems, energy/carbon, materials, water and wellness. The firm also incorporates the concepts of shocks and stressors, as defined
by the Rockefeller 100 Resilient Cities initiative, with shocks being sudden, sharp events that threaten a city, neighborhood, campus, building or site such as earthquakes, floods, severe storms, fire and power outages. Stressors are more long-term, chronic
factors that weaken a city, neighborhood, building or site on a day-to-day or cyclical basis. These can include increases in rainfall, and temperature and humidity changes over time, due to climate change, but also include more human-induced issues, such as aging
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infrastructure, systemic racism, economic uncertainty and limited food access. While these factors can affect any project, each one is unique. “We focus on process to arrive at the most appropriate individual resilience plan for each
project,” says Bert Gregory, a partner with Mithun. “The key to developing a resilience plan is understanding and addressing the specific issues for the project based upon site geographic location, climate zone, function served, demographics of the users, economic
parameters and context within the surrounding community. We ask each team to clarify goals and design for long-term resilience, passive survivability, backup water and power and holistic resilience thinking at a minimum.”
Ashley Eusey, a sustainability specialist with architect Hoefer Wysocki, echoes the idea of not just making resiliency a cookiecutter checklist for all projects and clients. 40
MITHUN’S SUSTAINABILITY CATEGORIES
At Seattle-based architecture firm Mithun, seven sustainability categories are the focus at the beginning and throughout each project.
Ecosystem Energy/Carbon Materials Resilience Water Wellness
FLOODING AND STORM RESILIENCE
MATRICULATING TO SMARTER DESIGNS
The Louisiana Children’s Museum, by Mithun, builds off the lessons of Hurricane Katrina, first by taking advantage of the natural habitat, and including a lagoon as part of the grounds. The facility itself, was also broken into a pair of joined buildings to protect a grove of oak trees.
Following Hurricane Katrina, the Louisiana Children’s Museum () adapted its mission to respond to the changing needs of its recovering community. By integrating indoor and outdoor interactive experiences in a park setting, presents a unique model for children’s museums. The museum’s new home, designed by Mithun, is distributed into two linked buildings that are carefully sited to protect a significant grove of live oaks, part of a World Heritage Site. The design builds resilience into the lagoon edge with native plantings that will absorb rain and flood water and creates open space that reinforces environmental education. The choreography of the visitor experience connects people and nature—moving through groves of live oaks, across water and into a courtyard and sensory gardens. Building structures and window systems are designed per New Orleans’ requirements for extreme storm events. The site is designed to retain up to 3 ft. of water in a regular storm, and the building and site mechanical equipment are elevated 5 ft. above surrounding grade to reduce damage in extreme storm events. The building is constructed on piers so that water flows under the building and can recharge the lagoon, unimpeded by building foundations. Holding rainwater on this site reduces flooding within surrounding neighborhoods. The design also incorporates passive-energy strategies of shading with louvers and overhangs; light-colored paving reduces heat-island effect.
© Webb Bland
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“Our resilient design begins with a conversation with the owner about their goals and vision for the future,” she explains. “Part of this discussion includes identification of threats to the building and/ or its occupants. For example, terrorism protection is very
important to our government clients, but not necessarily something our commercial clients are as interested in investing in.”
Identifying Challenges and Threats Once the firm identifies potential challenges and threats,
they prioritize them to ensure resources are appropriately allocated, then determine best practices for readying the building to protect it from the threats. “From there we can devise resiliency goals, establish metrics and ensure that these goals are addressed throughout
The Phoenix apartments beat the heat with design strategies that include operable windows and open breezeways.
design and construction. And finally, we educate the owner on the strategies that were implemented to achieve these goals.” This last step is critical; a building, according to Eusey, is only as resilient as its performance, which requires educating occupants to properly use the systems that support resiliency. For example, if metering is installed to track energy usage, she says the facility manager needs to be trained on how to understand and respond to the data properly to reap the benefits of the systems designed. In addition, Eusey notes, each industry
The site plan maximizes green space while supporting water efficiency with droughttolerant and native plants that provide cool islands.
Beating the Heat Even for Phoenix, temperatures in its Edison Eastlake neighborhood are hot— and in fact, are among the hottest in Maricopa County. On average, the mercury hits 105°F during the summer at this public housing site adjacent to downtown Phoenix, and even reaches 130°F on occasion, taking the concept of an urban heat island to new extremes. On top of that, the neighborhood has lower vehicle ownership than other areas of Phoenix, so residents rely on walking, biking or taking public transportation and are out in the heat for extended durations. As part of the plan to incorporate 1,161 units of mixed-income housing (including a one-for-one replacement of existing public housing units) Mithun developed new housing prototypes that maximize shade and ventilation and incorporate cool building materials to mitigate extreme heat. Now in the first phase of implementation (an affordable apartment building), the project’s housing design strategies include courtyard housing to maximize shade, single-loaded apartments with open breezeways, and operable windows on both sides of apartments to facilitate cross ventilation. Planned public spaces incorporate shade from additional trees, new sidewalks are 75% shaded and cool paving technologies were implemented for paths and sidewalks. The plan proposes pilot-tests of emerging strategies like a natural cooling tower.
has its own unique challenges, biases and priorities that color the resiliency conversation. She advises doing research ahead of time or having experienced personnel that can speak the same business language as your client. That way, nothing is lost in translation. “How resilient is a hospital that provides top-of-the-line care, but is obsolete after only five years?” she queries. “Knowing the entire story surrounding your client’s mission safeguards against lopsided priorities.” According to Stephen Katz, senior associate, design realization leader and office buildings regional
practice area leader with Gensler, multiple resiliency strategies are linked based on cause and effect. “Climate resiliency starts with reducing greenhouse gases from the construction process as well as building operations,” he notes. “If we fail to develop methods for lowering embodied and operational emissions, then the effects of climate change will become worse with increasing global temperatures, increasing intensity of storms and a rise in sea levels. This means we need to pay more attention to what we refer to as the functional resiliency of buildings.”
Monsoon Proof Gensler recently completed the Johnson Controls Asia-Pacific Headquarters in Shanghai, China. Building in a mega-city that is vulnerable to rising sea levels, intense tropical cyclones with high-wind speeds and an extremely wet Asian monsoon season required the design to incorporate passive, redundant and low-maintenance building envelope solutions. Careful attention was paid to the detailing of façade border conditions where different systems meet. Façade laboratory and on-site testing was performed as a means of understanding the building enclosure’s ability to withstand extreme weather events. The building has two emergency generators, but in the event of a power failure the building is made for extensive use of daylighting. A large green roof system reduces the volume and rate of stormwater runoff and provides passive solar heat gain reduction. These strategies position the building and the surrounding community to successfully function through adverse climatic conditions. READY AND ABLE
The following strategies combine to position the building and the surrounding community to successfully function through adverse climatic conditions while also acting on climate change: a green roof, daylighting and emergency generators.
The site plan maximizes green space while supporting water efficiency with drought-tolerant and native plants that provide cool islands, supplemented by strategic lawn areas. In addition, emergency preparedness is incorporated in the plan’s heat resilience approach, and backup water supply and generators are included in common facilities. Finally, community meeting places, including a central festival street and cultural corridor, are provided in each block, creating safe spaces for coordination and helping less-mobile residents in case of a disaster.
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PV AND A WHOLE LOT MORE
The Fujisawa Sustainable Smart Town, created near Fujisawa City, Japan in 2014, is a 1,000-home publicprivate joint venture where advanced technologybased infrastructure is at the core of the planned netzero lifestyle community.
Location, Location, Location Every section of the country has different climate and regionspecific considerations. A photovoltaic microgrid can be an excellent suggestion for a client wanting to be more independent of the grid, explains Eusey, but this solution may not yield the same payback in every region, given state-by-state incentives and variation in average peak sunlight hours. Also, not all areas have the same availability of materials, services or trades. Knowing what resources you have at your disposal prior to design will help streamline the process and eliminate priorities that are not currently feasible. has taken a similar approach, establishing assessments for vertical building design projects using a proprietary
Resiliency Assessment Tool. “We consider risks and vulnerabilities for a particular project site to identify potential hazards and recommend design opportunities to mitigate impacts,” says Colin Rohlfing, director of sustainable development with . “This assessment is completed day one of a project to help drive design decisions.” The hazards that are reviewed run the gambit of disastrous possibilities, including flooding, hurricanes, tornado/high winds, earthquakes, drought, wildfires, tsunamis, landslides, sinkholes, extreme heat, winter storms/extreme cold, infectious diseases, terrorism and climate change vulnerabilities. This information is provided to the project
team and owner, and the group identifies the top hazards that threaten the site. Discussions are then held on methods to mitigate those hazards for the project and track throughout the project design process. Strategies applicable to vertical structures include safety rooms for natural disasters and potential social unrest; back-up power that is away from flood plains and provides lighting, internet and phone connections; food stuffs for long-term refuge in the building; adaptable façades that can combat increased solar loads and dew point changes in the next 50-100 years; flexible and demountable partitions that will allow for future building fit-outs without major disruption and material
waste; flexible floor to floor heights that will allow the building to adapt to future uses without demolition of material waste; storm water detention and treatment including planning for a 500-year or 1000-year rainfall event and not just the 100-year event; and structural reinforcement for areas that have seismic or highwind considerations.
CURRENT U.S. MICROGRID LANDSCAPE
Select microgrid assessment and demonstration projects.
R+D Test Beds (DOE) R+D Test Beds (non-DOE) DOE/DOD Assessments and SPIDERS Peak Load Reduction ARRA SGDP Industry/Utility/University/Other Fed Led
Aggressively incorporating PV into its campus, The Univ. of California-Davis’ growing net-zero West Village is expanding to provide housing for faculty and staff—a plan not only to encourage a more sustainable lifestyle, but also a means to provide affordable housing.
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Cost of Doing Nothing
Coastal cities like Miami, continue to be battered year-in and year-out. It begs the question, will people continue to live in such places? The city sure hopes so, particularly with investments such as the Fentress-designed convention center (left) or the planned Baywalk (below). As a result, the city, along with the Urban Land Institute, recently convened a panel of the nation’s top experts to discuss ways the city can harden itself vs. climate-related threats.
Will larger coastal cities like Miami need to move or their populations flee at some point? Or undertake engineering on a massive scale to safely stay put? After all, consider the devastation that Super Storm Sandy brought on Lower Manhattan. What if, like Iowa City, the next 100-year flood happens 15 years later, and the center of the financial universe is submerged again? It all comes back to mindfulness and planning ahead. “We know that it is less expensive to design resilient buildings and communities in advance of a natural or man-made event, than it is to rebuild after the fact,” says Nadja Turek, who serves as Woolpert’s research and development facilitator. “So we have to help clients make informed design choices with resiliency in mind as early in the planning and design process as possible.”
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new & improved
Invoking the Patron Saint of Terracotta? Things we take for granted everyday should be looked at with a discernible eye. I have been writing a lot, of late, about roofs, and steeply pitched roofs at that; I have also recently mentioned being blind to things we see every day—and as I am looking at the Certainteed Matterhorn metal roof tile, on the opposite page, the green, steeply pitched roof a local, historic church, that sits prominently atop one of my town’s many hills—something, again, I see every day on my daily constitutional with my hounds— jarred into my consciousness. The church, built in 1868, also features curved terracotta roof tiles, so common among residences in Spain, and the like.
These tiles, however, were glazed green to match the eventual patina of the spire—a pretty brilliant solution. Such curved tiles on non-residential buildings are fairly uncommon here in the U.S., but I have to say they look great, especially in contrast with the deep umber of the church’s masonry façade. Speaking of masonry and terracotta, I am mentoring a journalism student who is doing a little writing for the magazine, and in trying to explain, for an assignment, the concept of a rainscreen, and its role in water-damage mitigation, I ended up—shockingly—digressing into a historical architectural lesson on Louis Sullivan, and his wonderful mastery of the material. It made me long to see more terracotta in the built environment. Stay tuned, as we are hoping to feature, soon, a wonderfully clad modern terracotta project. In the interim, check out this celebration of the material in Barcelona. Alas, now I am longing for its shores...
Jim Crockett editorial director
© DarrenSoh/Moshe Safdie
Curved tiles on non-residential buildings look great, especially in contrast with the deep umber of the church’s masonry façade.
SINGAPORE’S JEWELED DOME Singapore’s Jewel Changi Airport, designed by Safdie Architects, is a spectacular multifaceted glass dome covering 1.7 million sq. ft. of terraced gardens, retail and restaurant space, lodging, terminal operations with the world’s tallest indoor waterfall and a suspended glass-bottomed bridge. Incorporating more than 550,000 sq. ft. of Vitro’s Solarban 70 glass, the glazing not only lights up the terminal, but supports the indoor plant life, and offers good acoustics at one of the world’s busiest airports. More than 9,000 triangles of the double-glazed glass were fabricated, with no more than two units shaped in the same way. A 16-mm air space between the two panels in the insulating glass units was specified to insulate against aircraft noise. Circle 385
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“Jewel weaves together an experience of nature and the marketplace, dramatically asserting the idea of the airport as an uplifting and vibrant urban center, engaging travelers, visitors and residents, and echoing Singapore’s reputation as ‘The City in the Garden,’” states Moshe Safdie. A five-level marketplace with a series of vertical canyons surround the gardens and two glass-walled pedestrian bridges are clad in Solarban 72 triple-silver low-e coating over Starphire Ultra-Clear glass.
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The iconic installation (above, right) designed by Emiljiana Design Studio, and realized by Ceramica Ferres, could be seen from the main floor of the building and anticipated the “Warm, Diverse, Open, Emotional” main issues.
INSPIRED IN BARCELONA: MEDITERRANEAN DESIGN At Milan Design Week 2019, the colorful exhibits told the story of Barcelona’s creative talent and design, where functionality, emotion, and the values of the Mediterranean city, are harmonized. Showcased were urban flooring tiles, outdoor bar stools, lounge seats for offices and hotels, rechargeable lighting systems for the garden, complements to materials for the home, fabrics and interior finishings—all provided a true taste and cross-section of Barcelona and its values.
A sinuous wall of terracotta modules with a rhythm of bends where outdoor seats and pots filled with aromatic herbs were placed: this was the highlight of the “Inspired in Barcelona: Mediterranean Design” exhibition.
www.ceramicaferres.com Circle 384
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COMPOSITE SHAKES MAKES THE GRADE Built in the late 1980s, Maurice O’Meara’s duplex home in Vail, Colo. has seen its share of winter storms. Over the years, the real cedar shake roofing overhead simply wore out. The owners opted for DaVinci Multi-Width Shake tile in a Mountain color blend. With a Class A fire rating and a Class 4 impact rating, composite roofing from DaVinci has steadily grown in popularity throughout Colorado. Circle
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DAYLIGHTING OF STATION 14 OPN Architects was challenged to deliver a glare-free, daylit space for Station No. 14, Madison, Wisc.’s largest fire station. Battling solar heat gain and glare from the west elevation, the architects specified 2,630 sq. ft. of Kingspan’s UniQuad translucent wall panel system. Covering three sides of the multi-purpose facility—which serves as work space, gym and indoor training facility, in addition to a fire station— the translucent panels are integrated with clear glass on the east and west façades and covered with a slanted photovoltaic roof. Circle 380
“Design flexibility for architects and the market’s desire for transparency, access to daylight and breathtaking views from their buildings are the key drivers that are causing design teams and owners to invest in façade systems that are simultaneously highly glazed, energy-efficient and comfortable to sit next to.”
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ETCHED ON A RAVEN’S WING With metal mesh panels etched with a signature raven’s wing, Baltimore’s M&T Bank Stadium went for the gold—LEED Gold that is. The mesh, manufactured by Cambridge Architectural, helped M&T Bank Stadium become the first outdoor professional sports facility in the U.S. to earn the sought-after certification. The 32 stainless mesh panels provide airflow, comfort from the elements and views of downtown for guests accessing the stadium’s upper levels via pedestrian ramps and stadium escalators. The etching process darkened the polished stainless steel with a matte finish—in the shape of a raven’s wing, of course. Circle 376
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ALL GLASS RAILING C.R. Laurence’s TAPER–LOC XAL Adjustable Glass Railing System allows up to 0.75-in. of lateral glass angle adjustment on railings installed without a top rail or handrail. This results in all-glass aesthetics and glass spans that are precisely aligned at the top edges. Architects can specify glass railing systems with exposed top edges without the risk of misalignment. Adjustable tapers made of engineering-grade polymer expand in thickness when compressed with CRL’s TLK12 precision torque tool mechanically locking the glass panels to the base shoe. Circle 375
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Ohio Cold Storage Facility | Columbus, Ohio
Smoke Vents Ensure Safety for Rebuilt Cold Storage Business
Photo: Walker Evans, Columbus Underground
A ferocious fire in August 2016 destroyed the Columbus, Ohio facility of Dick Cold Storage, which had served the region for nearly 100 years. More than 400 firefighters tackled the blaze at the 144,000-square-foot warehouse, and their task was complicated by the facilities’ contents and lack of smoke vents. “Buildings that do not lend themselves to ventilation, such as cold storage buildings, are especially dangerous to firefighters. If there is no known life-safety issue, firefighters will retreat to a defensive position and fight the fire from outside the building instead of going inside,’’ said Steve Martin, Battalion Chief for the Columbus Fire Department. “Two of the biggest challenges we face in fighting any fire are heat and smoke. The heat of the fire radiates on everything surrounding it, causing the flames to spread and causing rapid degradation of structural elements.” In June 2018, the business unveiled a reconstructed facility with 50-foot ceilings for expanded vertical storage, six million cubic feet of storage space, 15,000 pallet positions and seven multi-temperature storage rooms. The new facility for Dick Cold Storage incorporates the latest in cold storage technology and the capacity to serve a 550-mile radius, covering a population of more than 138 million people. The new building also has additional fire protection safeguards, such as horns and strobes, pull stations at doors, linear heat detection in freezers, and 18 automatic smoke vents manufactured by The BILCO Company. “Additional fire protection was one of the elements that we wanted to have in the new building,’’ Dick Cold Storage CEO Don Dick said. “We don’t have sprinklers, but we have a lot of other measures for fire protection throughout the building.” Tippmann Innovation worked alongside Spohn Associates to use quad leaf design vents from BILCO. The vents include BILCO’s patented Thermolatch® II positive hold/release mechanism to ensure reliable operation when a fire occurs. The latch automatically releases the vent covers upon the melting of a 165°F (74°C) fusible link and can be supplied for smoke detector or fire alarm activation. Gas spring operators are designed to open the covers against snow and wind loads and include integral dampers to assure that the covers open at a controlled rate of speed. “Vents allow for the removal of heat and smoke and potentially slow the spread of fire,’’ Martin said. “They will also permit firefighters to see
Photo: Ryan Leasure
and enter the building, to possibly extinguish the fire early, preventing the entire building from becoming a loss.” Roofing components were selected carefully for the new Dick Cold Storage building. Roofing at cold storage facilities is especially critical, because improperly installed or inefficient materials could lead to excess moisture that can create bacterial growth. Other side effects could include structural damage from ice buildup on walls and slabs, higher utility costs, safety issues for workers and equipment that may require more maintenance or not reach its expected lifespan. The most critical feature was constructing a vapor-tight and energy efficient roof system. Tippmann used a single-ply roofing system with 45-mil and 60-mil TPO, which serve as vapor barriers. Single-ply systems also minimize air leaks. Dick Cold Storage made a huge financial investment in its new facility, and Tippmann Innovation paid close attention to the construction materials, especially the roofing. With a new building that can better withstand the potential of product and facility loss that can be caused by fire, the business heads into its second century ready to serve its expansive base of clients.
Keep up with the latest news from The BILCO Company by following us on Facebook and LinkedIn. For over 90 years, The BILCO Company has been a building industry pioneer in the design and development of specialty access products. Over these years, the company has built a reputation among architects, and engineers for products that are unequaled in design and workmanship. BILCO – an ISO 9001 certified company – offers commercial and residential specialty access products. BILCO is a wholly owned subsidiary of AmesburyTruth, a division of Tyman Plc. For more information, visit www.bilco.com.
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BULLISH ON EDUCATION Replacing a 1950s predecessor, the new Wichita High School Southeast in Wichita, Kansas, is its district’s first new comprehensive high school since the 1970s. Designed by the hometown firm of Schaefer Johnson Cox Fry, the new facility makes an immediate visual impact, thanks to the combination of Envelope 2000 RS metal composite material panels and tinted glass curtainwall. Highlighting the school colors of black and gold—and, with a supersized mural of the school’s gold-toned buffalo mascot, the panels’ easy installation also helped speed the aggressive two-year construction schedule. Circle 374
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IT’S GRAZE-Y The new WGD9 Wall Grazer is designed to be installed 3-in. into the ceiling to provide a wash of light along the wall without shadows or hot spots. Precision optics create a narrow 7-degree beam to enhance surface textures from ceiling to floor. Length can be specified in 1-ft. increments, and three color-temperature packages are available. Circle
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BARREL VANITY In introducing the Starck 1 Barrel Vanity, Duravit celebrates its long-term relationship with renowned designer Philippe Starck. With its minimalist style, the bucket design opens into a modern belowthe-sink vanity, available in a range of finishes and colors. Circle 371
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IMPACT READY The 5-in. 5626 vertical stationary louver meets Miami-Dade hurricane requirements for critical/essential facilities and safe rooms. It has been tested for wind speeds up to 110 mph and Missile Level E impacts. The louver also is available in round and triangular configurations for greater design flexibility. Circle 370
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NEW LARGE FORMAT LIMESTONE CLADDING Adair Clip cladding attaches a clip onto the back of 1.25-in.-thick natural limestone panels for easy installation using the Gridworx channel system. Quarried from the Georgian Bay region of Ontario, Adair limestone is available in three heights, ranging from 11.75-in. to 23.75in., and in lengths of 47.75-in. and 71.75-in. Color options include blue-gray and sepia tones, in fleuri or veined patterns. Circle 369
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CI SOLUTION IN A FLASH Details matter when addressing continuous insulation. System Tape, made of an advanced acrylic adhesive, creates an air—and watertight seal that withstands harsh weather in both roof and wall applications. The tape is quickly and easily applied by hand, and is ideal for both seam sealing and flashing. Circle 368
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TRENDING POLISHED NICKEL Trending as a popular finish, polished nickel is less reflective than chrome and more versatile than brass. With its warm color, the finish blends well with darker or bolder settings. Available in polished nickel, Ginger’s Lineal collection features bold lines and concealed screws with mounting hardware for a minimalist appearance. Circle 367
Making a splash in the Windy City, Chicago Union Station finally unveiled the new skylight system illuminating the historic Great Hall. Years of deterioration and water damage to the skylight and walls brought about the $20-million upgrade. The revamped, curved 219-ft.-long skylight soars 115 ft. above the floor and a secondary new skylight a few feet above that is now introducing 50% more natural light to the space.
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BISON SUPPORTS COMMUNITY AND A LOVE OF THE OUTDOORS...
UNION STATION SKYLIGHT REIMAGINED The original 177-ft.-long, barrel-vault system was restored while a new 187-ft.-long, high-performance system was installed above it. The original skylight’s cast-iron frame consisted of 13 individual, 12-ft. wide × 83-ft. long, segmented “ribbons” with a total of 2,068 lites of 0.25-in. wire glass. In restoring the historic skylight, the system was de-glazed, repaired and re-painted, and its existing glass lites were replaced with 9⁄16-in.-thick translucent, laminated, heat-strengthened glass. Circle 366
architects: Lake|Flato and Shepley Bulfinch
photographer: Leonid Furmansky
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Inspired Product + Material Choices
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Oskar, New York City
GLASS & CURTAINWALL
EFCO 8750 unitized curtainwall utilizes a thermal break design to provide thermal performance.
Guardian SN68 is a SuperNeutral solution lets in high amounts of natural light while preventing heat gain.
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Oskar, the new 183,000-sq.-ft. Midtown Manhattan rental building, has as much personality as its name implies. Named for Oskar Brecker, the late partner at developer The Moinian Group, who was an early advocate for the project, Oskar is a mix of affordable units distributed by lottery and full-price rentals.
Oskar has been designed as a sanctuary for urban luxury—a calm sophistication with a chic downtown attitude. It will provide residents a quieter, more discreet living space. Exterior Cladding
The white glazed terracotta base has a masonry exterior inspired by surrounding architecture.
Angled and curvilinear glass patterns bring visual lightness and artistic form to the streetscape.
Designed by CetraRuddy, 13-story Oskar features first floor retail and 164 units, a mix of studios through two-bedrooms. While building residents share a range of amenities including a rooftop terrace, indoor fitness studio, a second-floor garden terrace and a business center, Oskar’s signature feature is its curved glass corner penthouses, carved out with cascading terraces that open to views of the Hudson River. The façade incorporates a terracotta rainscreen on lower floors, and sinuous metal elements on the upper half of the building. “The building creates a light reflectivity amidst a dense urban fabric. Its sculpted form of gleaming terracotta with a combination of angled and curvilinear window patterns creates exciting living spaces from within, while bringing visual lightness and artistic form to the streetscape,” said John Cetra, founding principal, CetraRuddy. Designed to be more efficient than code with New York’s “Zone Green” program, exterior vision glass and storefronts were designed with performance in mind. They help flood the building with daylight, despite Oskar being the shortest building in the immediate area. Sometimes good things come in smaller packages.
Charles Thomson, , is an associate at CetraRuddy, with experience ranging from new construction to adaptive reuse/ renovation projects with a particular focus on residential, commercial and hospitality.
Project: Oskar Location: New York City Opened: Spring 2018 Developer/Owner: The Moinian Group Architect: CetraRuddy Mechanical/Electrical Engineer: Dagher Engineering Lighting: Kugler Ning Lighting Design Civil/Geotechnical and Environmental Engineer: Langan Structural Engineer: McNamara Salvia Photography: Alan Schindler
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“The Moinian Group owns a lot of art,” notes Charles Thomson, an associate with CetraRuddy. The Arik Levy sculpture in the lobby signals the building is focused around art. “The goal was for Oskar to offer a curated experience in a rental building. As one tenant put it: ‘This feels like a hotel, more than a residential lounge.’ That was really the developer’s intent.”
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Ceiling Systems Ceiling panels by Smart Space are a custom design in gold leaf metal and lacquered paint to creates an art piece on the ceiling. Millwork and Screens Millwork Panels: Smart Space, custom Metal Screen: Smart Space, custom Furnishings Blue Sofas: Verlaine by Driade, Coffee table: Waterfall by Driade Flooring Stone Floor: Wooden Lite by Amendola
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H A N D M A D E
B R I C K
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Smart Space Various custom pieces Circle 364
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Exterior Panels/ Cladding
Terreal Terra Cotta Rainscreen Circle 362
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3Form Chroma lounge bar table Circle 360 Alivar Carol armchairs Circle 359 RESIDENT LOUNGE
According to Thomson, the idea behind the second floor amenity/ lounge space was to support those residents who don’t go into their office and instead work from home. “Here, they have a place to go, featuring comfortable seating, a bar-height table and more.”
The dark wall paper next to the windows in a custom Venetian plaster was made in New York by hand and is VOC free.
Blue high back chairs from an Italian designer.
Ceiling panels in a custom creation that adds a structural effect and reflects the warmth of the wall panels and flooring.
Shared furnishings in a theme of luxury.
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Studio E Custom Venetian Plaster Circle 352 The lobby offers a refuge from the bustling New York streets, with a curated art collection and custom sculptural works adjacent to a private courtyard. According to Natasha Vardi, Moinian’s Sr. VP of Residential Properties, the idea is to provide quiet, even more discreet spaces, without compromising on luxury, amenities or finishes.
Windows EFCO 8750 Circle
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Converging Architectural + Performance Goals
Interface Headquarters, Atlanta When Interface, a modular flooring design and manufacturer, decided to combine their Atlanta offices into one corporate headquarters, they knew that the new space would have to create a climate “fit for life.” by John Mesenbrink, contributing writer
True to the Interface ethos, the new headquarters needed to reflect who they are, what they do best, and the core values they live every day. To support Interface’s global initiative to create positive spaces for employees and customers, and the continued commitment to eliminate negative environmental impacts,
the headquarters needed to exemplify sustainability best practices in its construction and daily operations. The space selected was an existing, uninspiring 1960s-era building in the vibrant Midtown Arts district of Atlanta, central to regional transit and walkable amenities. The project’s
goals included achieving v4 Platinum and Gold Certifications. “The existing building was deconstructed and almost 90% of the interior and exterior materials were diverted or recycled while retaining the concrete structure. What remained was a classic concrete structure with the potential of large,
open, daylit spaces to encourage creativity and collaboration,” says Bruce McEvoy, Principal, Perkins&Will. Building on Interface’s leadership in sustainability, this design looked to nature for inspiration. Known to Interface employees as “Base Camp,” the new headquarters
represents the modular flooring company’s “Factory as a Forest” philosophy. “When companies take their cues from natural ecosystems, Interface believes, they can create holistically healthy, positive and productive workplaces that benefit everyone in and around them and are ‘fit for life.’ Thus, everything about
the new headquarters was designed with this philosophy in mind,” says McEvoy. The project incorporates biophilic design, which ensures that occupants have a clear connection to the natural world, as a focus throughout, and the conceptual metaphors of a Cave, a Forest and a Bluff.
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The existing building was originally constructed in 1966 as a concrete structure with masonry exterior walls and small, punched windows. A 1980s renovation replaces the original glazing with a darker, tinted glass and clad the building with an Exterior Insulation Finishing System (EIFS).
The existing building was originally constructed in 1966, and the building interior was dim and primarily divided into small offices and meeting rooms. The 2018 renovation for Interface completely removed the exterior, existing glazing and remaining brick on the north and east façades. The concrete structure was retained and reinforced with carbon fiber wraps. Existing egress stairs remained in place and code-compliant hand and guard rails were added. The east egress stair was rerouted to provide egress separation. The original roof was repurposed as a multipurpose room, event space, gender-neutral restrooms and an exterior landscaped green roof and roof terrace. On the exterior, the ground-floor entrance was pulled away from the property line to help create a more spacious feeling on the very narrow sidewalk and provide views into the workplace for passersby. The iconic “Interface” sign and exterior building wrap enliven the street corner and unambiguously announce the company’s presence in Midtown.
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Project: Interface Headquarters Location: Atlanta, Ga. Architect: Perkins&Will Awards: Award of Honor AIA Georgia, 2019; Award of Excellence AUDC, 2019; Design Excellence Award Silver, ASID Georgia, 2019 Photography: Courtesy Perkins&Will
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The most striking feature of Interface’s new Midtown Atlanta headquarters is its skin: 307 panels of glass wrapped in a semi-transparent, recyclable polyester sheath on which a life-size forest is depicted. Enveloping nearly every square inch of the building façade, the sheath’s exaggerated square pixels pattern, comprised of apertures of varying size, is reminiscent of Interface’s modular flooring systems and draws an unequivocal connection to the site’s natural history, which was once part of the eastern U.S. Piedmont Forest. Horizontal and vertical circulations are organized as a continuous path throughout the building. Decentralizing the traditional idea of a showroom, employees are free to work from any location or type of furnishings that best support their tasks or mood that particular day. On the outside, the project will remove a 1980s finish and expose
much of the original 1960s brick office building. At the street level, the first floor is recessed to provide a covered entry into the lobby and increase the width of the sidewalk to better accommodate pedestrians and visitors arriving by transit. Above, a new fullheight veil of glass will wrap the West Peachtree and 16th St. sides allowing for ample daylight into and view from the interior spaces. A continuous white graphic of forest on the glass speaks to Interface’s “Factories as Forests” program but also reinforces the relationship to the nearby High Museum and Woodruff Arts Center. This simplified and more modern presentation of the building showcases Interface as a design company that happens to make modular flooring. The new building envelope significantly improved building performance through a high-performance, low-E glazing, with insulated mullions and improved wall insulation.
DAPPLED PATTERNS, SUN PROTECTION
Making a bold statement about Interface’s commitment to sustainability and environmental performance, the patterned wrap protects against glare and solar heat gain while throwing a dappled pattern dancing with light on the interior floors.
Bruce McEvoy, , + Principal, Perkins&Will, believes in the transformational power of design, and works on project types to combine design with high-performance environments.
“The project goals from inception were to create an iconic, powerful presence in the Midtown Atlanta Arts District and provide a healthy, high-performance, user-focused experience for occupants. Priorities centered on enhanced internal collaboration, using the entire space as a showroom and event space and transparency of systems and operations.” —Bruce McEvoy, Perkins&Will
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Daylighting The urban zero-lot-line site conditions severely restricted opportunities for natural daylight on the west and south façades so maximizing other opportunities was a paramount focus. The existing and tinted punched windows were completely removed and replaced with a highperformance, low-E curtainwall. Interior offices, corridors and other built elements were removed to completely open the floorplates. Partitions and the concrete structure were painted with a light, reflective color. This allows all occupants to enjoy views to the exterior street activity, open sky and pocket park across the street while throwing daylight into virtually all occupied spaces. Interconnecting stairs provide views to multiple floors and large vistas, even in the relatively small building footprint. With no adjacent street trees, the pixelated exterior graphic wrap provides sun shading and dappled shadows and patterning on the floors while protecting against solar heat gain and glare.
Modular flooring was selected to evoke nature through color, pattern and texture, varying as one moves up and through the building: earth tomes of the lower floor give way to green and then blue hues as one moves up the building.
The electrical lighting system is automated through both daylight and vacancy sensors to reduce unnecessary use and energy waste. Individual workspaces are equipped with threeway adjustable task lighting. Ceiling fixtures are all fitted with high-performance, long-life LED lamps and provide both direct and indirect lighting. Fixtures have a luminance of less than 2,500 cd/sq. m above 45 degrees and 90 degrees from nadir and a Color Rendering Index (CRI) of 80 or higher. LIGHTING PRODUCTS LumenWerx direct/indirect linear pendants Lightplane suspended pendants Lutron Controls
The design uses a single dedicated outdoor air systems (DOAS) unit to ventilate the entire building, integrated with an active chilled beam system on Levels 1-3 and a system on Level 4. An air-cooled heat recovery chiller supplies both tempered chilled water and warm water to the chilled beam coils. HVAC SYSTEM COMPONENTS: Air-cooled, heat recovery chiller, capable of simultaneously producing tempered chilled and warm water. 3-Angstrom Molecular Sieve Enthalpy Wheel and Passive Desiccant Wheel unit and a coil tied to Trane air-source heat pumps, providing temperature-neutral, dehumidified air. Parallel fan-powered VAV boxes supplying and recirculated air to Semco 2-pipe active chilled beams on Levels 1-3. A separate system for Level 4 allows for the chiller to be shut down when there is an evening or weekend event on Level 4 but continues to provide heat recovery.
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ARCAT.com has been designed to get you the building product information you need fast and easy, the first time. Whether you are looking for a BIM object for a window, or a catalog from a paint company, we have the information you crave. Even our content like CAD, BIM and specs come in multiple formats to suit your project needs. Also, ARCAT does not lead you down a path and surprise you with registration to download content. You’re free to search, find and download as you please. No sales calls after you download that spec, so enjoy the freedom!
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Future Wellness and Sustainability
“These elements show that a building with very limited access to nature can incorporate elements of nature into the design.”
The “Bluff” consists of the new penthouse which features the Learning Center, roof terrace and green roof where employees can enjoy a natural respite with city views.
—Bruce McEvoy, Principal, Perkins&Will
FLY OUT OF BUILDING FLOORS:
Rooftop (The “Bluff”)
The “Forest” comprises the three floors of the existing office structure, with each floor a unique destination.
Water Cistern In The “Cave”
The “Cave” houses the refurbished parking garage, providing electric-vehicle charging and bicycle storage, as well as showcasing a 15,000-gallon cistern that collects rain water from the building’s roof.
Inside, new high-performance and lighting systems help reduce the building’s total energy use by over 50% compared to typical office buildings, while the cistern collects and treats rainwater, eliminating the need for municipal water for restrooms or landscape irrigation. Additionally, wellness and “restoration rooms” are available for employee relaxation and meditation. To ensure relevance well into the future, the design is easily adaptable and changeable, including movable furniture, flexible seating, and, of course, modular flooring. Even the iconic exterior polyester wrap is removable and recyclable. These strategies and others will help the building earn prestigious and Certifications for green, healthy workplaces and firmly establish Interface as a leader in Midtown Atlanta and across the globe. Part of Interface’s mission is dedication to sustainability and creating a world “fit for life.” To help accomplish this, the company is committed to educating the public about their work and their workplace. In the barely six months since move in, 800 of Interface’s global employees and over 4,200 people have toured the project.
WATER MANAGEMENT The project includes the addition of landscaped areas to the rooftop and the installation of a rainwater harvesting cistern in the lower parking deck area. There are 1,800 sq. ft. of vegetative tray system and 176 sq. ft. of rooftop planter boxes. The total boundary for this project will be 0.29 acres, which is the rooftop area. This design reduced the overall impervious area on the rooftop and increased infiltration and evapotranspiration, reduced overall runoff, rate, temperature and duration of flow. In addition, the 15,000-gallon rainwater harvesting cistern provides irrigation for the landscaped areas onsite and flushing in the building. High-efficiency flush and flow fixtures were used throughout the building for a potable water savings of over 35% compared to EPAct 1992. The addition of reclaimed rainwater from the cistern further increased that to 100%, thereby saving municipally supplied potable water for nonpotable uses.
American Standard toilets and urinals Sloan solar-powered Flushometers American Standard sinks and sensor-operated faucets Kohler kitchen sinks and electronic pull-down faucets Kohler WaterSense showerheads and faucets Elkay water bottle filling stations ATS water filters and treatment Clack and Rotoplas tanks QuantumFlo pumps
Sited on a rocky ridge in the city, the “Cave” houses the refurbished parking garage, the “Forest” comprises three floors of offices and the “Bluff” consists of the new penthouse which features the Learning Center, roof terrace and green roof.
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Bicycle Storage Solutions
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Lighting & Controls
Exhibit Puts T. Rex in New Light Sue the T. Rex is the Lady Gaga of the dinosaur community. The magnificent murderbird—a favorite term to describe the T. Rex—has an often-hilarious Twitter feed, legions of adoring fans, and a brand new home in a 5000-sq.-ft. area at the Chicago Field Museum’s Griffin Halls of Evolving Planet. CHALLENGE
Following a three-month prototyping phase to show the curators how Sue would be lit in its new quarters, the design team at Lightswitch Chicago produced a meticulously cued presentation worthy of the world’s most expensive—$8.7M—fossil. CRITERIA
“Conservation of the delicate stones and resins is very important; Sue will receive about a quarter of the light, and none of the direct sunlight, that it did before,” says Thatcher Waller, senior lighting designer for Lightswitch Chicago. SOLUTION
The project called for the complex integration of control protocols and diverse fixture types including Source Four LED Series 2 and ColorSource fixtures, as well as fixtures from another vendor, Xicato, that are wirelessly controlled using over Bluetooth.
© 2018 Field Museum, photo by Martin Baumgaertner
Sue the T. Rex is back on display at the Field Museum, with a lighting assist from . Sue’s daily schedule is carefully regulated. The day begins in an overnight look. Most of the lighting is off except for strategicallyplaced security lighting to allow safe path finding and camera illumination.
The first execution of the interoperability between ETC Mosaic and Xicato Controls, “We believe interoperability between control systems is essential as we move into the IoT age of lighting,” says Ron Steen, of Specification Sales for Xicato. “Our open has allowed to harness the benefits of our system in concert with Paradigm and Mosaic.” The heart of the system is an Mosaic controller playing an unusual role. “For Sue, Mosaic is acting as the switchboard instead of the commander. It does not make a single decision on its own. It is being commanded by both Watchout and . It provides feedback to while acting as the integration point to Xicato wireless lighting and Paradigm,” explains Jones.
Griffin Halls of Evolving Planet, Field Museum Chicago
ETC ColorSource fixtures are wirelessly controlled using over Bluetooth.
Designer: Lightswitch Chicago PRODUCT SPECS:
An ETC Mosaic MSC1 controller is the heart of the AV system showing off Sue the T. Rex at Chicago’s Field Museum.
Source Four Series 2 & ColorSource fixtures; ETC Mosaic controller; ETC Paradigm; Xicato Controls
www.etcconnect.com Circle 346 PROJECT SPECS
System integrator Ivan Jones was pleasantly surprised. “ETC did special programming for the job. They wrote an entire new control module inside Mosaic to speak to Xicato.”
A Mosaic controller handles all inbound commands, controls lights related to Sue’s scenic lighting, and recalls presets in the Xicato Wireless Bluetooth lights. Mosaic accesses the Xicato Control network to recall scenes and fade the house lights up or down based on cues starting or ending the theatrical presentation. The Xicato Control solution features a Bluetooth Low Energy wireless protocol. Names, groups and scenes were set in the Xicato individually addressable modules. When asked about using over Bluetooth, Waller merely replies, “Why run a bunch of control wires to all the fixtures if I don’t have to?”
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It was really good to have Graham as a partner on this project. Very easy to work with and great team players. STEPHEN TORELL, PE, LEED AP SENIOR PROJECT MANAGER, PRISM CONSTRUCTION
PROJECT: THE RESIDENCES AT EDISON LOFTS OWNER: DGP URBAN RENEWAL LLC ARCHITECT: MINNO & WASKO ARCHITECTS & PLANNERS
HISTORIC REPLICATION WINDOW EXPERTS Necessity truly is the mother of invention, as Graham discovered in replicating the former Thomas Edison Battery Building’s nearly 2,500 windows. The solution required nearly 40 new extrusion dies. But by extensively modifying its rugged S6800 Series window, Graham was able to replicate the original windows’ look while also delivering high-end thermal and structural performance. Edison would be proud.
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The color of the building was made to match the golden leaves during the busy fall season.
French Race Track Redesign Redesign challenges at France’s scenic Paris Longchamp Racecourse included adjusting the facility to better match the size of crowds at different times of the year. CHALLENGE
It can be a balancing act to make something cost effective, practical, yet appealing and comfortable. This was one of the challenges in the redesign of Paris’ Longchamp Racecourse, a scenic horse-racing venue in France. However, hosting Europe’s most important horse race, the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe, means accommodating 60,000 fans—a number that hardly resembles the track’s typical attendance. A smaller, more comfortable, complex was preferred by the owners, one that could take advantage of the forest surrounding the area, as well as its view of the Eiffel Tower. The facility, was also in desperate need of a more cohesive campus, as multiple renovations and extensions led to a not-so-friendly network of buildings and spaces. CRITERIA
With the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe taking place in autumn, French architect Dominique Perrault wanted something that could blend in and be lost in the beautiful scenery: “We wanted a special color for this building… I would like, more or less, for the building to disappear in the forest. The presence of the building should not be too strong.”
Another aspect that needed special attention was the grandstand, the goal being to not have it appear static and to have viewers able to see both the race and the city in clear views. SOLUTION
The capacity issue was addressed via temporary facilities that would be set-up during peak times during the racing season. Perrault, instead, focused on movement and transparency in the facility, as well as his desire to see it mesh with the autumn woods. It turns out, metal mesh, from proved the answer. Golden sheets of metal fabric—Escale 7 × 1.5—wrap the grandstand, delivering visual lightness, as well as kinetic movement, via a façade that opens and closes when needed. For continuity, the same metal fabric is used in the interior, in concert with acoustic mesh panels, to create a feeling of grace and elegance, worthy of such a historic and memorable building.
GRAND IN DESIGN
The bigger focus on the grandstand, reshaped to match the form of galloping horses, combined with the elimination of superfluous buildings and space, aided the renovation aesthetically.
Paris Longchamp Racecourse Paris, France Designer: Dominique Perrault PRODUCT SPECS:
Escale 7 × 1.5
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WHAT HAPPENED TO
VALUE ENGINEERING? When the concept of value engineering was first conceived in the 1940s, the aim was to find real value through careful analysis of products and components. This was accomplished by either improving performance without increasing cost or reducing cost without sacrificing performance. It was understood that value could only be created if functionality and durability remained the priority.
Today, value engineering in construction has fallen far from its origins, with products being chosen and changed out simply because they are cheaper, many times sacrificing performance and longevity. This new process is no longer about creating actual value. Acknowledging that budget is always a concern, there must still be a better way. With the introduction of EN-V we aim to restore the true meaning of value. We haven’t cheapened anything about the EN-V metal panel system, but rather optimized the process to find cost savings without sacrificing performance. EN-V is a fully tested, architectural, dry joint, pressure equalized rainscreen system which starts at an uncommonly low price in this sector. The panels are single-skin, so there are no worries of delamination and they are non-combustible. Available in a nearly endless palette of custom colors, EN-V doesn’t compromise on aesthetics either. Now you can use a system you want at the price point you need. University of Montana - Missoula, MT Architect: StudioForma Architects
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Thanks to the high R-Value and energy efficiency of Atlas EnergyShield Pro, the exterior wall system will have fewer thermal breaks thereby saving on long-term energy costs.
Revitalizing a Mixed-Use Community A forgotten and dilapidated shopping center is now well on its way to revitalization thanks to new developers with a vision. CHALLENGE
Built in 1955, Laurel Plaza in North Hollywood, Calif., is now entering the next phase of its story. The building transitioned from its original May Co. store to a bustling shopping center with Macy’s as its anchor before suffering significant earthquake damage.
Tim O’Conner, Superior Wall Systems (), the subcontractor responsible for exterior wall systems, worked with insulation manufacturer Atlas Roofing Corp. to alter the wall assembly for better performance and reduced labor and cost. decided to use the exterior wall insulation as the as well. This new assembly allowed the removal of the adhered sheet in favor of taping the joints of Atlas EnergyShield Pro. EnergyShield Pro is a foil faced continuous insulation and, when an approved
The former Laurel Plaza will soon become NoHo West, a mixed-use community complete with office space, apartments and retail, which will include a variety of environmentally friendly features. Due to the progressive nature of this project, it was decided to design and build the new development to comply with impending 2020 California code that will require continuous insulation in all new constructions.
tape is properly adhered, can fulfill the needs of a . Additionally, EnergyShield Pro is a versatile insulation and is compatible with the multiple types of cladding used on this project. SWS and Atlas were able to provide a solution to the architect and building owner that ensures long-term energy efficiency and reduced the project’s carbon footprint and construction schedule by eliminating construction materials.
The building owner, Merlone Geier Partners, and Los Angeles-based Architects, called for continuous insulation as the backbone for new exterior wall systems. The building’s original design called for continuous insulation to be applied with the water resistive barrier () membrane adhered to the face of the continuous insulation. After additional budget and scheduling needs were considered, the design and construction team needed to find ways to reduce construction cost, timelines and overall carbon footprint.
NoHo West North Hollywood, Calif. Design Team: STIR Architects PRODUCT SPECS:
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Because the team chose a solution that could serve as both continuous isolation and , they were able to decrease material and labor costs while shortening the construction timeline. This solution reduced the environmental impact caused by the excess construction materials and waste.
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E IS FOR EDUCATION, EFFICIENCY
The E-shaped, 40,500-sq.ft. building features a zinc material, which maintains its self-healing, lowmaintenance, corrosionresistant performance. Construction spanned 16 months and cost approximately $19 million.
Residence Hall Showcases Zinc Exterior Achieving LEED Platinum certification for the new High Street Residence Hall shows Dickinson College’s continuing commitment to renovating and building efficient, sustainable buildings. CHALLENGE
A new residence hall to showcase modern student living inside, and a durable, distinctive and sustainable cladding, on the outside. INFLUENCE
Designed by Deborah Berke Partners and built by Benchmark Construction, the High Street Residence incorporates limestone, as well as other natural materials like mahogany accents and zinc. The combination of materials bridges historic formality and a modern, friendly appearance. CRITERIA
High Street opened in Aug. , and in Jan. , earned Platinum certification through the U.S. Green Building Council. Appealing to campus facilities managers, the zinc material maintains its self-healing, low-maintenance, corrosion-resistant performance with a lifespan that lasts generations. At the end of its useful life on the building’s exterior, it remains 100% recyclable. SOLUTION
Photo Credit: Chris Cooper
pre-Patina blue-gray panels wrap High Street’s southern elevation and frame variable-sized window openings. The three dominant façade materials provide a changing canvas that evolves in coloration as they age and weather. The sun will bleach the dark-gray limestone ashlar. The mahogany strips will darken to a leaden tone. The prePATINA blue-gray will continue to develop its soft gray, natural patina. All of the panels—18,500 sq. ft.—are hand-formed, hand-seamed and precision-made with a computerized brake and shear. “They are sized in 6-in., 9-in. and 12-in. widths, with a 1.5-in. raised seam,” said Jim Cashman, Architectural Building Systems, the metal wall panel fabricator.
Dickinson College Carlisle, Pa. Architect: Deborah Berke Partners PRODUCT SPECS:
RHEINZINK pre-Patina Panels
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A NOD TO THE SURROUNDINGS
The stone-faced front of the building suits Dickinson’s legacy, while the back provides a more contemporary, casual connection to the campus lawn and a nod to the local agricultural vernacular. Here, RHEINZINK pre-Patina blue-grey panels wrap High Street’s southern elevation and frame variablesized window openings.
Cashman elaborated, “The standing seam panel sides have a single lock connection and are connected horizontally with a hook lock, while stainless steel clips hold the panels in place. Behind the panels is Knight Wall framing system with a mineral wool insulation, which provides the thermal break.” The hall is one of approximately 50 LEED Platinumcertified projects in Pennsylvania, but the only one associated with an institution of higher education.
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last detail: architectural leader For the LEED Platinum Sunset Ridge School in Northfield, Ill., Pepper coordinated with both the district, and the project architect, Wight & Co., to proactively establish cost savings by focusing on the most viable construction alternatives within the established budget.
Plan of Attack Building resiliency into projects is a priority, and architects need to start considering it in the context of construction itself. In the wake of the devastation from Hurricane Dorian, it is not surprising to hear that many businesses are waking up to the effects of climate change, and if they haven’t already, are in the process of implementing contingency plans to deal with the aftermath of extreme weather. Susan Heinking, VP of high performance and sustainable construction, with Pepper Construction, Chicago, is one of the people in the world planting such a flag. A sustainably focused architect, now working for a contractor, Heinking heads up efforts at making sustainability an everyday practice—much of that begins with education, both internally and externally. In fact, Pepper was one of the sponsors of a notable education event, Illinois Green Building Alliance’s “Drawdown Illinois,” where prominent sustainability champion, and author, Paul Hawken, headlined a workshop geared to help those in the world implement plans for tacking carbon reduction. “We [the Alliance] really wanted to do something more concrete in terms of addressing resiliency. We wanted to be more real, and identify specific solutions for Chicago neighborhoods,” said Heinking. The “epic challenge,” as she describes it, is to define carbon, and how we can, individually, do something to act to address it. Hawken, author of Drawdown, is helping people get off to a good start, identifying 100 possible solutions in the book. The No. 1 issue he identified, according to Heinking, is refrigerants—something Pepper’s taking to heart. Part of their plan to deal with the phase out, which she believes will become a legal mandate much sooner, than later, is the implementation of district energy strategies. They are presently doing so at the Cincinnati Zoo—part of a major redevelopment designed to make the zoo a net-zero campus by 2025. Granted, she acknowledges district energy has to be evaluated on a case-by-case scenario, and
typically needs to be a single owner with a large property, such as a campus with a variety of buildings. Part and parcel of such projects is also the incorporation of renewables, including , but again, she notes designers must be smart, and make sure it makes sense, including cost. “You can’t just plug it in.” Part of “smart,” at least in context of highperformance projects, is recognizing the criticality of teams truly working together. “You have to have the dialogue, including a check and balance system to help inform costs and systems. In particular, hard bids, typically, must be avoided, as is specifying “unicorn” products. “Sometimes the things designers want, don’t exist.” In fact, Heinking’s biggest advice for her fellow architects is to stick to the product/system they have in mind or know works, and absolutely do not specify “alternatives,” unless you know that alternative meets the requirements. “Otherwise you’re going to end up in a world of hurt, and not get what you want.” Another important consideration for architects in choosing a contractor. “Education and experience are the key—if not, you will run into cases where a sub doesn’t understand the tech or the system, which can add to the time frame, or, in the end, may simply not work—here’s where we feel we can come in and can offer help avoiding these issues.”
Susan Heinking, , , Fellow, Vice President of High Performance and Sustainable Construction, Pepper Construction, serves as an advocate for sustainability to the market.
PEPPER AND CLIMATE CHANGE
The subject of climate change is an issue Pepper is very concerned about, notably the impact of severe weather on construction itself. Severe rain and flooding are particularly challenging, in that when it pours, everyone on the job site goes home. On a couple of projects this spring in Illinois, where it’s been one of the wettest years to date, with roughly 9 in. of rain, the contractor has started thinking about constructing ring roads around sites just to deal with the mud. They have even contemplated installing temporary cisterns to hold all the water on-site, particularly since EPA regulations mandate contractors cannot allow sites to become “ponds” of standing water. Weather has also impacted construction from a scheduling perspective, as Heinking says the seasons have basically shifted a month, meaning later starts. “We have to plan for that, and be enclosed before the rain comes.”
—Jim Crockett, editorial director
A working case study to help mitigate carbon emissions, a major redevelopment at the Cincinnati Zoo includes the implementation of district energy strategies, which is designed to make the campus net zero by 2025.
Pepper is using a new tool, Autocase, which has numbers built in that reflect what results might be when using ‘x’ tech or products, as far as their ability to deliver on , daylighting or lighting goals. The software also helps establish ROI, levels of health protection, and the like. Heinking says this is critical, as owners need to be informed about what percentages of a total project are actually going into ‘x’ areas, to justify or evaluate, that indeed, that is where they want their money spent. It also allows users to determine energy bills by overlaying different options, to evaluate which deliver the best value.
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