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Connor Kendrick

Stage Two Portfolio


Design Report

Crossover

Civic Centred

Living on the Edge

Place Displaced

Charrette Condensed

Eniviromental Coursework

Place of Houses

Technology Coursework


Project 2.2

Design Report When I started out this year, I mainly wanted to be more successful and get better marks than I did in first year, also I would like to have more enjoyment in design. I wanted to carry one aspect of my first year work that I think that I did well, which was the design of the layouts of the interior of the building, as generally they were the strongest part of my designs. I also wanted to increase my skill range and use them to make my buildings and visualisations very impressive, and therefore sell my ideas better. This year we were given more freedom in the way that we design and approach our project, which means that the time discipline was mandatory and I needed to be constantly planning to make sure I did not fall behind. Charrette week was the first project that I took part in; my Charrette’s task was to condense all of the weeks work into a small package to display in a range of ways in an exhibition at the end of the week. I was in a branch of this group which made a booklet of all the activities that happened during the week and all of the people who took part in the weeks events. I enjoyed what I was given to do as I felt very at ease with using layouts and graphics to show the work of all the people in the Charrette. Working as part of a group from people in many other years was really helpful as it meant that I was able to gain experience and ideas from people a few years above me and talk to them about what Part One and Part Two are about and how they differ. The work that we did as a group was good and I was pleased with the final result as I think it really captured the essence of the Charrette week and I think that our tutor liked it as well. One thing I should have done during this time was to take more pictures of me doing the work and the final product as I could have put more images in my Learning Journal. Place Displaced I really enjoyed doing the Place Displaced project as it gave me a chance to look at innovative design storage solutions and layouts. In this project, I think that I worked well and efficiently to come up with a lot of work in three weeks, I think I worked well due to the enjoyment that I got when doing this project. This was reflected in the review by my tutor who said that I had “a great understanding of the scheme” and as a result a successful design which coincided with the president that I wanted to implement. I decided on the president when reading the brief and thinking that the clients are two people who are very outgoing and enjoy entertaining guests. So I thought that I should create a large area for social activities and a space for couple to be very private away from others. When it came to my final review, my tutor stated that I had “good overall presentation” and displayed all of work that I done including precedents, plans and sections, with “great Perspectives”. However, my elevation “looked a bit flat” and this is something I will need to work on in future to make sure that they are more detailed. The same was said for my sections as they were a bit two-dimensional. In addition, I need to work on the balance between shading and materiality as it was said that I need to be “more careful when mixing” the two. In addition, I could have “photoshopped the model” a bit further showing people in the spaces and what the light did when entering the space. If I were to do this project again, I would add make more of an effort to show the surroundings in the plans and sections and place it more in the site and place people in my drawings for aspects of scale. However overall I am happy with the work that I have done in this project

Living on the Edge The first thing that inspired me when doing this project was the rich history around the site and I knew that I wanted to incorporate this into my design or at least acknowledge it in some way. However I think that I concentrated to much on the history of this area when coming up with me design as it meant that my design (especially in the interim crit) was very much a pastiche of the surrounding buildings and not very modern or unique. One aspect that worked well was the group work that I did with two other students who were doing the other two sites in the collection of site in the Ouseburne. With these two people, we were able to create a promenade where people will be drawn onto the water side and people could then use the exhibition spaces that we had created in our buildings. I think this was a good use of the site and it made sure that there was cohesion in the buildings that we designed on the site. In my final review it was said that the group work that I took part in was “very good” and as a result I had “consideration of wider site”. This was a real bonus for me as I thought that my group work was really successful and all three of us came up with a design and layout which really worked with the site and amplified the chances of people using the site and the buildings getting a wider acknowledgement in the area. On my own work they thought that my “context response” with regards to Lime Street and the River Promenade was good and my interior layout “works well in plan”. However the sections that I did to show the interior of the building could have been more thorough and shown more materiality, it was said that they “could be explored more”. Also this was furthered with talk of my elevation which they thought needed “consideration”, to better this I will add more the exterior of the building and show the surroundings and the setting of the design. The main thing that was said in the review was that I needed to work “more rigorously in the design process” using “diagrams” and “models”, thus having an exterior design which advanced more than it did and perhaps making my building more unique. The fact that my design needs to be unique was mentioned in the review of my work. Civic Centred Starting this project, I really wanted to make sure that I explore my designs as thoroughly as possible and as a result will have a unique and functional design. What I really liked about this project initially is that we were given so much freedom to pick what we wanted to design and where we could put it. I chose the site due to it’s many benefits, like it was mainly south facing and the journey to and through the site was really interesting to me and I wanted to carry that on further. I liked the site so much I think that I had difficulty deciding what precedent to design my building around, So I think that I could have moved further in the first part of the project if I had made concrete the precedents that I would design my building around. As a result I fell behind a bit in the mid point of the project, however I think that I managed to catch up before the end of the project. This was exacerbated when it came to the interim crit where I realised and was told by tutors that I needed to change the way that I was designing. As before I had been designing my buildings to mimic the site when I should have been designing my building to react to the site. Soon after my interim crit I had a design that I was sure achieved the precedent that I was going for (which was the

journey through the site), and from that point I started to design my building further. I spent one more week developing my design to make it more succinct and more habitable for the process that it was designed for, before starting on the final pieces to exhibit my work. When it came to the final review I think that my work could have been more developed and it was mentioned that I need to decide whether my layout for the buildings was “Hierarchy or Public based”, as there was a conflict there. The tutors did like the way that I had used the shape and feeling of the site to design the layout of the buildings and the way I showed my design process via the use of Diagrams. However I think that I used the essence of diagrams too much as my plans were “rather diagrammatical” and I needed to loosen up, I think this was also true in the sections as they did not show the feeling of the interior of the building and overall I think there was a lack display of materiality in work. If I were to do this project again I would make my precedent concrete as soon as possible and from there I could design a building more thoroughly and more successfully. Also in the final review I would show how I came up with the design and some of my early precedent work, to show how I came up with the idea. I would also show some more interior perspectives and models in my work and from that gain a better understanding of the buildings interior feeling and mood. Velocity This was a group project and consisted of designing a building which would hold up to a thousand bikes and from there, it would be possible to set up a park and ride scheme for the commuters of Sheffield. This was a separate competition set up by the timber company TRADA, and wished for use to create a building that celebrated timber and all of its uses. I initially started with some research into some existing schemes and ways of storing bikes in the city and in the building itself. After that we then looked into some of the shapes of the site and other items on the site and surrounding it, we then looked into some of the techniques and structures that could handle that sort of demand. We decided to use structural system that uses a Grid Shell of timber to make a skin, which can be a very flexible shape and when it is constructed will be very aesthetically pleasing and can span large distances. This project was interesting to do but it seemed like a challenge to do meetings with others in my group and to properly synchronise ideas and development. This project stretched over the Easter recess which gave me a chance to make a very successful and complete Sketchup model of the site and the buildings in order to give them to my group to do the rendering. When it came to pinning up my final work I was a tad disappointed that we only had a paper display and had not made a model of the site or the building as I think that some photos of the building would have really sold the idea to the viewers. Also some of the perspectives I think could have been done a lot more professionally and I would like to have done more of them. Overview of the Year Overall I happy with the work that I have done this year and I think I have improved a great deal over this year and the skills that I have learnt will help me in third year to get a worth while grade and also enjoy the work that I do. There are a couple of things that I would like to improve on as I move into next year. The first is to make sure that I settle on my precedents and come up with a main theme in my design and from there research what that would mean and design accordingly. I would also like to make sure that I show the interior as well as the exterior when displaying the work that I am doing, and also when I am designing I would like to be more fluid and make sure that my final work is not too diagrammatical in look. Finally I will now to design my buildings to react to the site and add to it rather than trying to mimic parts of the site that worked for other buildings.


PROJECT 2.5

CROSSOVER


Crossover

Phase 1: Research To research and stimulate ideas we looked at existing buildings that that were designed for public bike storage and took inspiration and looked at what worked in their design and what issues arise for such an amount of bikes. On the right of the page is some of the research into this subject that I did and below is two sheets where we brainstormed our ideas and as a result came to a collective design idea.


Cable Node

Lath

As a group we needed to design the way that the spaces were covered closed in and we decided to use a technology that creates a grid shell out of wood placed in compression. Once we had chosen this method of construction for the roof I used a computer modelling tool to create a surface which would work in mimic our idea. Left is placed the initial development of the structure followed by the final shape of the roof. Below is a diagram of how the grid shell is put together, this was done by some of the group.

Shear Block LATH SYSTEM

Threaded Bar Plain Washer

Lath

PIN JOINT SECTION 1:4

Examples of Grid Shell Structures

Cable Node

Lath Shear Block LATH SYSTEM

Structure

The term grid shell refers to a “doubly curved surface formed from a lattice of timber laths bolted together at uniform spacing in two directions�. The grid is initially flat and held together by pinned joints that allow parallel movements between laths. The gird is then pushed up from below using scaffolding towers. For this, a pinned connection was needed between the middle two laths and slotted holes were needed in the outer layers to allow for this movement and after the mesh is lifted into shape, the boundaries must be fixed. Due to the large scale of the grid shell, double larch laths will be used, one above the other creating four - rather than two - layers of wooden laths, with the addition of shear blocks between parallel laths to increase stiffness. Steel cable ties will also be needed to provide the diagonal stiffness to the shell and finally the shell will be covered with a waterproof Teflon membrane that will allow around 20 percent of light to pass though. Reinforced glulam beams will hold the long glulam edge beam in place, which is then connected to the far edge of the gridshell. To connect the gridshell to the edge beam the lathes could potentially be bolted onto fingers of kerto (LVL) and then bolted to steel plates around the edge beam.


Crossover

Phase 2: Bike Placement & Site location Crossover is a project in which we were put into groups in order to make a park and ride centre for the commuters of sheffield to use to help ease congestion in the city centre. The project was based around the competition by TRADA which asked for the design to celebrate timber and what timber can do. We were given two sites, both of them situated around the abandoned Ski Village. In the first week we researched into where we would like to put our design and we decided on the space at the bottom of the hill which is on the site of the old ski village.


Bike Placement Around The City In order for the Park and ride scheme to work successfully there needs to be a system where users can place their bikes in a secured place around town. Also there is a system where the bikes are tracked and then picked up by a lorry which is situated at the main building site. The placement of the bike storage isno more than 1000m from each in the city centre, also the bikes are stored at major tourist attractions, public buildings and local public transport.


Roof Plan of site and Main Structure 1:1000

Crossover

Phase 4: Final Drawings & Diagrams Floor Plan of Main Buildings 1:1000


Roof Plan of Cafe 1:1000

Floor Plan of Cafe 1:1000

Here are the plans of the buildings that we wanted to create on the site, and it consists of the site at the bottom of the hill which contained all of the bike storage and the cafe at the top of the hill which allowed users to look over the enterity of sheffield. Above is a perspective of the buildings in the interior of the grid shell.


Crossover

Phase 4: Final Drawings & Diagrams On the right is the idea that the group had to make the multifunctional space interior lined with large timber panels which would close of the space. The timber panels could be host for pieces of artwork to be hung, but also it could be that the panels itself are the basis for the art, as we looked into scorching wood to create a piece of artwork. The panels would be kept in the storage shed toward the north of the site. Below is a section through the main site, I did this to show the journey of the users as it is a linear one, Scorching In order to decorate interior buildings we looked into using scorching which consists of starting from leftor ato right. I have tried either using a blow torch flammable ink toIn burnthis a pattern into a material (mainly to emphasis the grid shell structure and how it would cover wood). This will be mainly demonstrated in the removable panels which line the edges the multifunctional space. With this type it is possible to create really interesting the ofpatterns interior buildings in ofaartprotective cover. Also I did this to show how from the interior the structure of (see right), also the opening of the superhub could be marked with a display of that symbolise the city of steel. the scorchings grid shell can be seen and that makes for very interesting viewing for the users. Adjacent to this page there is a quick diagram showing the movement through the site and an axonometric of how the main building is layered up.


PROJECT 2.4

Civic Centred


* This work was completed after the Final Review


Civic Centred

Phase 1: Context Research

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Civic Centred is a project where I was asked to create a public building for the people of Tynemouth. I decided to construct a centre were local government can have meetings and debates, also a place where locals and tourists can scuba dive and canoe and explore all the local areas. This page demonstrates some of the inspiration for my initial designs, on the left of the spread shows demonstrates the wide array of textures and surfaces on the site. The right of this spread shows some of the other features of the site like the journey through the site from the road, which I think was a great experience and wanted to make use of that in the design of my building. Also there are a great array of shapes and curves which could really influence my design. * This work was completed after the Final Review

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Civic Centred

Phase 2: Development of Ideas


This Phase shows the development of my ideas for the shape of my building, starting on the left of page with me exploring shapes for potential buildings. On the right of the spread showing the later development of my ideas and the final development model.

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NB these photographs were not shown on the final display but were taken beofre the Final review


Roof Plan of Site Civic Centred

(printed at 1:500)

Phase 3: Final Drawings

2nd Floor Plan Cutline 3500mm (Printed at 1:200)

NB I have changed the plans aesthetics, however the overall plan of the building has not changed


First Floor Plan Cutline 3500mm (Printed at 1:200)

Grnd Floor Plan Cutline 1500mm (Printed at 1:200)


Civic Centred

Phase 3: Final Drawings

Left is a perspective of the whole site leading to the pier, This was shown in the Final Review to emphasise the journey from the road , through the site and on to the pier. Below is two sections which show some of the interior spaces in the buildings, this was also used to show how the users move through the site. * This work was completed after the Final Review

Section A-A*

Section B-B*


Civic Centred

Phase 3: Final Drawings The section along the bottom of the page I used to show the shape change of the buildings on the site and how the reacted to the shapes and changes of height in the site. Also this section shows the site of the buildings leads straight onto the pier. The diagrams I used in the final piece to show how I cam up withe the shape and some of the main features of my design.


Buildings on Site

Sunlight on Site

Journey Through Site

Green Areas on Site


Civic Centred

Phase 3: Final Drawings These are a couple of shots of the building on the site along specific viewpoints along the site. * This work was completed after the Final Review


Civic Centred

Phase 4: Further Development

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If I were to carry on with this project I would have liked to changed the exterior cladding of the design, right is an example of possible new ideas for the exterior of the building. 1. The idea comes from the layers present on site and how a strong idea for the design is the movement through the site. 2. Looking at the windows on site, they really don’t represent that idea well and so I came up with a design that I think helps the to carry the aesthetic I was talking about earlier. This particular style is very reminiscent of the textures that I focused on at the start of this project.

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3. So using that idea I then using the layers and internal spaces already in the design to help me design the new exterior to the cladding in that style. 4. This is a quick rendered sketch of the elevation of the building showing an idea of some of the shapes that I was going for. This work was completed after the Final Review

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* This work was completed after the Final Review

Project 2.3

Living on the Edge


Living on the Edge

Phase 1: Presedent Research Living on the dge was a project which asked me to design a place where disadvantaged youths could come and have a place to stay and also learn a skill (a Foyer). I designed a glass blowing school where the students could learn skills about blowing glass in to many different shapes an colours, thus having a skill which would help the students gain further employment and out of the bad situation that they are in. the inspiration for my design was the very interesting and varied The building also had the facility to show off the work that the students have done, also the people who viewed the work could then purchase the work and create more funding for the Foyer. I designed this space to be as open and welcoming as possible with north light which means that the light into the space will be constant. Group work played a large part of this project as there were two other sites beside mine and me and two others decided to design our buildings bearing the other two in mind and as a result making a more cohesive design. We wanted to make a prominade in our design, which would entice people down from the street to along the water front. NB these photographs were not shown on the final display but were taken beofre the Final review


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SOUTH

SOUTH WEST

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One of the first things that we did was to get into groups and do a site report about the journeys to the site, the views from the site and other things. I was assigned to look at the history of the site, and below is the document that we as a group produced along with the model that we used to help us in the construction of our design (the page that i completed was the one below).

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GREEN ROUTE TOWARDS SITE

THE EVENING LIGHT OF THE SITE IS ILLUMINATED FROM A LOW SOUTH WESTERLY DIRECTION. THIS CREATES A SOFT SOMBER LIGHT ACROSS THE SITE, HOWEVER THIS ANGLE CASTS MANY SHADOWS ACROSS THE SITE AT THIS TIME OF DAY CREATING ISSUES WITH NATURAL LIGHT SOURCES . 1) PRECEDENTS OF EVENING LIGHT

THE MORNING LIGHT OF THE SITE IS ILLUMINATED BY THE SUN SPAN FROM THE SOUTH AT A HIGH POINT IN THE SKY. THIS CREATES A BRIGHT OVER SPAN OF LIGHT ACROSS THE WHOLE SITE, HOWEVER THIS MAY CAUSE ISSUES DURING THE DAY WITH OVERHEATING AND GLARE . 1) PRECEDENTS OF EVENING LIGHT

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ROUTE C TAKES US ALONG THE NEWCASTLE QUAY-SIDE ITS NOT THE MOST FUILD ROUTE TO THE SITE BUT IT DOES TAKE TRAVELERS PAST THE MILLENNIUM BRIDGE; A KEY MONUMENT FOR THE CITY. THEN THE ROUTE WORKS ITS WAS THROUGH THE RESIDENTIAL AND INDUSTRIAL AREAS NEAR THE OUESBURN RIVER AND UP ON TO LIME STREET.

THE OUESBURN VALLEY HAS A THRIVING ARTS SCENE WHICH ELATES ON COMMUNITY AND CULTURAL INVOLVEMENT. WHILE TRAVERSING THROUGH THE VALLEY YOU WILL FIND INDIVIDUALS ARTISTIC EMBELLISHMENTS PAINTED, PLASTERED AND SCULPTED ACROSS THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT. THREE MAIN COMPANIES WHICH AIM TO INVOLVE THE COMMUNITY IN CREATIVE PROJECTS ARE 1) STEPNEY BANKS STABLES : A SCHEME FOR CHILDREN TO EARN RIDING LESSONS THROUGH PARTICIPATION IN CARING FOR THE HORSES. 2) THE CLUNY: A THRIVING CONCERT VENUE OFTEN RAISING MONEY FOR CHARITIES WHICH AID THE COMMUNITY AND ALSO HOLDING MANY OPPORTUNITIES AND EVENTS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE TO EXPRESS THEIR CREATIVITY 3)SEVEN STORIES: ALTHOUGH AIMED AT YOUNGER CHILDREN IT PROVIDES A BIG OPPORTUNITY TO TEACH CHILDREN IN THE AREA VALUABLE SKILLS IN WRITING AND READING THROUGH REGULAR WORKSHOPS.

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INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE

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Ouseburn valley was the area of development for the industrial revolution in Newcastle. With a large number of heavy crafts and industries in the area. Coal was brought from the Town Moor along the Victoria Tunnel, where the tidal nature of the Ouseburn allowed wherries – the local barges – to be loaded at low tide and pulled out to the collier brigs and snows waiting in the Tyne.

SMALL INDUSTRIES AND SHOPS Ordnance Surveys in the 1890’s reveal Ouseburn Valley to be covered with industry and housing. With Newcastle Quayside expanding and the development of the Battlefield immediately west of the Ouseburn the valley is now a well populated and prominent part of the town.

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RESIDENTIAL AREAS CURRENT SITE

Type to enter text ROUTE A IS THE MOST FLUID ROUTE TAKING US IN AN ALMOST DIRECT STRAIGHT LINE FROM THE CITY CENTRE TOWARDS THE SITE, ALONG THE WAY YOU PASS BY THE MAIN CULTURAL SPARKS OF THE AREA; THE BISCUIT FACTORY, SHADOW CINEMA, STEPNEY BANKS STABLES, THE CLUNY, ALL OF THESE PLACES PLAY A BIG CULTURAL ROLE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE OUESBURN VALLEY.OVER ALL THIS IS THE EASIEST,MOST INTERESTING AND ACCESSIBLE ROUTE TO THE SITE.

ROUTE B TAKES US FROM BYKER METRO STATION AND WEAVES THE TRAVELLER THROUGH A NUMBER OF SMALL STREETS AND ALLEYWAYS FINALLY PEPPING THROUGH A WALKWAY DOWN TO THE RIVERSIDE STRAIGHT ON TO THE ADJACENT BANK OF THE SITE .

HISTORICAL MAP OF THE OUESBURN VALLEY 1860 ILLUSTRATION INDUSTRIAL AND RESIDENTIAL COVERAGE IN COMPARISON TO CURRENT SITE PICTURES DEPICTING HISTORICAL LANDSCAPE


Living on the Edge

Phase 2: Building shape This is a selection of diagrams showing how I came up with the shape of my design and the layouts of the bedrooms inside the residential spaces. NB this work was completed after the Final Review


Living on the Edge

Phase 3: Final Drawings These are two facades that I created to show how one would view the building, on the left is the Lime street view and the on the right is the riverside view. Beside that there is a quick piece of marker work to show how I would to have seen the building on the site. * This work was completed after the Final Review

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Living on the Edge

Phase 3: Final Drawings

Roof Plan

2nd Floor Plan


1st Floor Plan

Ground Floor Plan


Living on the Edge

Phase 3: Final Drawings This is the group work that I did for the promenade that we designed to go along the river side. In order to show the idea that we had for the river side we all made one thing to demonstrate three aspects of the site. I was asked to make the plans and a small model of my building to go on the site where as the other two of my group made the facade collage (right) and the model (below). On the other spread there is a section through the building showing how the chimney permeates the building, and there is also a photograph of the final model.


Living on the Edge

Phase 3: Final Drawings


Project 2.2

Place Displaced


Place Displaced

Phase 1: Research This was the first solo project of the year and it consisted of me designing a small house for a man and wife constraining to a very specific volume and shape. When designing this building I tried to keep in mind the different uses of spaces and what connotations that might have, as my design was based around the use of building as both a public and a private space. On the right here is a photograph of the final model that I made, in this photograph I wanted to create a very warm atmosphere and try and get the same feeling that would be created in the room by the materials and inner lighting. This photograph also shows the structure of the building and how it is put together. Below this is a interior photograph of the master bedroom, which I designed to be secluded and private, also I have adjusted the lighting to give the idea that the space is one of nuetral and calmness. On the opposite page there is a street view of the building which I think would be a really nice experience for the occupants of the house to have, as from the street the building seems to have a lovely glow about it enticing one in and it gives off the impression that it is a very warm and welcoming building. Beside that is some of the sketchbook work that I did that helped me come up with the design of the house.


Place Displaced

Phase 2: Plans & Sections This is a section through the centre of building facing both ways, there is also a atmospheric section below that shows the shadows created by the building entering the building. On the other spread there is a detailed, illustrated plan of both floors in other design showing the furniture and some of the levels that are involved in the design. * This work was completed after the Final Review


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1:100 1st Floor

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1:100 Ground Floor


Place Displaced

Phase 4: Perspectives & Views On the left hand side of this spread there is a few internal perspectives showing the functions of the rooms. In the centre of the page is another section of the building showing where the perspectives are taken from. Below is a elevation of the building of how it would fit into it’s surroundings. This work was completed after the Final Review

1:50 Front Facade


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Place Displaced

Phase 4: Perspective This is some more perspectives and photographs of the buildings interior and exterior. * This work was completed after the Final Review


Charrette Week

Charrette Condensed


Charrette Condensed

Charrette Condensed My charrette project this year was to work as a group of people as they collated all of the information about all of the charrettes that happened during the week. The result of our endeavours was a Book which displayed all of the people who took part in the charrette week (see previous page for photos) and it showed all of the events that happened during the week. Everything from construction of models, to the first Newcastle Architecture Society’s first night out. The work was also displayed in an exhibition which was laid out in several rooms around the department.


Technology

Architectural Technology


The Ground floor of my construction is made of concrete and this is also the same for the floor structure of the first floor. The concrete provides the structure and the high thermal massing which would be helpful due to the large amounts of heat that will be contained in the ‘hot shop’. The walls for the rest of the structure about the first floor is of masonry construction to make sure that the walls have the strength to hold up the roof and the intermediate floor being made of manufactured timber I beams.

1:200 Exploded Isometric showing Primary Secondary and Tertiary structures

Roof Structure 1:50

Connor Kendrick - 12020965 ARC2009 - Architectural Technology

A timber Framed roof is used, as it will have the light weight benefits and still be relatively strong.


Tectonic intent

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When thinking of the construction I wanted to make sure that my design had a rustic look so I thought that it was good idea to use reclaimed brick as my exterior cladding. Further more I wish to use reclaimed slates for the roofing my construction.

(FFT1 with plywood and gypsum based board with 60mm (min.) mineral wool quilt between battens on 11mm (min.) OSB/3 decking) on solid timber joists (220mm min at 400mm centres (max))

As there is a large furnace in the ground floor of the building which creates a lot of heat, and the chimney runs through the centre of the building and as a result will heat the spaces inside the building as well, also the chimney has a high thermal mass meaning it will retain the heat if the furnace is turned off. The heating for the rest of the building is derived from here also as the under-floor heating gets it’s heat from the furnace.

(Powder coated aluminium window, Double Glazed)

I have used a high performance vacuum panel insulation which has given me a low U value of 0.07 and as a result I can make the wall thickness still relatively small and means that my design is not affected by the wall thickness changing.

Internal wall construction - B

BRE Green Guidelines

New Internal wall construction - A

After doing some research of the constructional details which are closest to my design, and these are the values that my construction got.

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Intermediate floor construction - A+

Window Construction - A Roof Construction - A+

(Timber trussed rafters and joists with insulation, roofing underlay, counter battens and reclaimed slates)

Ground Floor Construction - B

(Powerfloated in situ concrete slab, over insulation on polyethylene dpm laid on blinded recycled aggregate sub-base)

(Lightweight solid block work with cement:lime mortar, plasterboard, paint)

I will change the internal wall construction so that it can still withstand loading yet has a better BRE Rating. I selected the: Lightweight solid block work, painted finish only

External wall Construction - A+

(Reclaimed brickwork outer leaf, insulation, lightweight solid block work inner leaf, cement mortar, plasterboard on battens, paint)

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1:20 section

1. Wall Section U-Value of wall 0.07W/m2k


2. External Wall To Roof 1:10 U-Value:0.10

- 12020965 itectural Technology

1:10


3. Ground Floor 1:10

2. External Wall To Roof 1:10 U-Value:0.10


5. Window 1:10 U-Value: 0.5

4.Intermediate Floor 1:10 U Value: 0.14

- 12020965 itectural Technology

6. Street Level 1:10


5. Window 1:10 U-Value: 0.5

6. Street Level 1:10

4.Intermed U Value: 0.14


Technology

Environmental Design & Services


SAP Evaluation

Initial Improved

Using the reference data that I was given I completed the spreadsheet that was supplied and found the initial SAP rating for the tutors flat. After I had that result I then experimented with different building techniques in order to get a better SAP rating and a efficiency ration which is higher.

DER/TER%

Credit Rating

-32% 19%

NA 4

CO2 Emissions (kgCO2/Year) 4537.743 2610.609

Total Energy Cost (£)

Solar Gains (Watts)

Total Internal Gains (watts)

741.21 440.16

473.2 532.741

902.933 886.178

In order to get a positive percentage and credit rating which is better, I had change the U Values of all of the external surfaces. What is displayed in the rest of this report was all of the techniques and materials that I selected in order to get a better SAP rating for the flat. There were one or two variables which really affected my design was that I had a pitched roof in my design meaning that my pitched roof which was integral to my design however meant the average ceiling height was high and there fore there is more chance of heat loss. There are many things on my design which would vastly increase the credit rating , such as there is bike storage and I will place solar voltaic cells on the roof to generate electricity. The other strategies that I have to used to increase the credit rating are at the end of this report.

the wooden beams, as I think this solid insulation will provide the best insulation for the space used and will not sag if pinned properly. The insulation will be 175mm in order to accommodate the other parts of the construction in the floor, with this amount of insulation it is possible to get a U-value at best between 0.12-0.14 W/m2k. The floor will also have sound insulation underneath the beams to reduce the amount of sound travelling from the occupants below; this will be provided by “Sonic Gold Acoustic Wood & Laminate Underlay”. As there is a large furnace in the building the use of underfloor heating could be taken advantage of, as a unit could extract heat from the furnace’s chimney and provide under floor heating. As a result centrally heating the flat would be less of a costly procedure. One issue that I can see with this way of constructing the floor is that there is a cold bridge through the beams of timber, however this is not such an issue as the below space will be heated as well.

U Value of Floor= 0.12-0.14W/m2k*

*(This result is variable as site conditions and other factors will increase this U-Value)

Wall construction

For the walls of the flat I initially looked at making a standard brick and block work cavity wall construction. However I found that this may not be the most efficient way of constructing the walls, so Floor Construction The tutors flat is placed above the living quarters of the residents and I did some research into using brick slips adjacent to the library and the lounge of the foyer. The construction instead of using actual bricks, this saves will be a cavity block-work and brick clad exterior with timber beams width for the wall and that means that supporting the suspended floor. I will be using “Kingspan Kooltherm more insulation could be inserted into the K3 Floorboard 2400mm x 1200mm Board” for the insulation between construction with out too much change to the overall thickness of the construction.


The block work I have the choice of two blocks, one of them has a The walls U Values are: strong resistance to load and therefore it will be easier for the walls to carry the roof, however the other block is slightly weaker for load Block work 200/0.11=1.8 bearing values but has a lower thermal conductivity rating and there Insulation 70/0.007=10 fore will be better for the U-Value rating at the end of the construction. Infatec P boards 80/0.033=2.42 Below is a comparison of them both at 200 mm thickness. Brick slips 20/0.6=0.03 Thermal Conductivity W/mk RSI=0.13 0.11 0.16 RSO=0.04 Load Bearing N/mm2 Total Resistance= 14.42 W/mk U value= 0.07W/m2k* 2.9 4.0 *(This result is variable as site conditions and other factors will increase this U-Value) Thermalite® Paint Grade Smooth Roof Construction The roof which is in the insulated envelope; has a pitched angle and For the brick slips I have decided to use ‘Infatec that means that more of the surface area will be exposed to the P Boards’ which will stick the slips to the walls, elements so in the roof insulation and air tightness will be key in order also it will insulate the wall as well. The company to get the thermal performance that is required. It will be of timber claims to get a Thermal resistance of 0.033 W/mk construction and so I will use two layers of “Kingspan Kooltherm K7 with a thickness of 80 mm I would be able to get Pitched Roof Board 100mm 2400mm x 1200mm Board” which is a a thermal resistance 2.64 W/mk . This would be rigid board and has a thermal conduciveness of at best 0.020 W/mk. pinned to the block work with wall ties which had a One of the board will be placed between the rafters and the other will plastic break in them in order to minimise the cold be placed on top of them in order to reduce the cold bridging affect. bridging. The cladding will be batons and a slates on pinned to them. There will be no need for ventilation as the roof will be insulated the dew point To insulate this wall I have chosen to use “Kingspan optim-r” which will not be reached in the roof and so mould threat is greatly reduced. are vacuum insulated panels which are thin yet very insulating, it is To help with this there is a breather membrane to allow the moisture claimed to have a thermal resistance of 0.007 W/mk (however this inside the construction to leave the building and any water that gets may be different in practice. Hopefully with this wall construction at underneath the tiles will flow of the construction. For the wall to roof best it would be possible to get a U-value of 0.12, although this may connection there should be a flexible piece be increased with the construction techniques of the builders and of insulation inserted in order to keep the other factors in the construction. insulation line constant.

U Value= 0.10 W/m2k*

*(This result is variable as site conditions and other factors will increase this U-Value)

Connor Kendrick - 12020965

Thermalite® Turbo


Accredited Construction Details (England & Wales / Scotland / glass which increases light and heat ‘extra-clear’ Northern Ireland) and Acceptable Construction Details transmittance into your home. (Republic of Ireland), collectively referred to here as ACDs, feature details for walls with external wall insulation, with Pilkington energiKare™ Triple, for reveals insulated with a material of minimum thermal resistance optimum perfomance (R–value) of 0.60 m2.K/W. These constructions have thePilkington energiKare™ Triple allows you to following ψ–values: 0.50 W/m.K for a steel lintel with a achieve the highest window energy efficiency, in perforated steel base, 0.30 W/m.K for other lintels (including new build, home improvements and renovation steel lintels), 0.04 W/m.K for a sill and 0.05 W/m.K for projects, a jamb. and also in new low or zero carbon

l

low-emissivity technologies

Pilkington Optiwhite™ E (outer pane)

The windows I am going to use are a Pilkington energy efficient glass which is made by Adhering to these constructions, entitles a designer to homes. use a So, with ever-increasing fuel bills, it’s easy ‘Pilkington Glass’. This Glazing is triple layered to see why Pilkington energiKare Triple is the default y–value in whole building carbon dioxide emissions ultimate choice Filling, for high performance calculation software. with an Argon or Krypton theglazing: outer ACDs are specifically at new build constructions Far exceedsthe the score necessarygain for panetargeted is coated to increase solar into but, where applicable, they are also considered best practice BFRC Window Energy Rating A rating the spaces created. Thus having the thermal for refurbishment. performance levels Reveals shouldperformance be designed to accommodate 20 mmHigh of the triple glazing but achieving performance triple-glazed units optimise of Kingspan flex required to achieve an the balance between U-values, the thermal energy than would be predicted for that much the depth oftransmittance the cladding system R–value of 0.6more m .K/W, and Triple glazed units can be optimised to provide performance of the glass and g values, the (see Figure 9).glass. The window hasproportion excellent acoustic performance toto dramatically solar energy transmitted whilst an Aofrating. The fitting of the windows the reduce noise levels. Simple variations in the retaining warmth for your benefit within structure can be mean there areduce chance glass panes used canis easily the noise the home from outside by an extra 5 decibels. By using ofarecold Where there suitable bridging, framing systems, so in order to reduce that Pilkington Optiphon from our specialist it can be used in existing homes as a glass ‘Kingspan Optimrn flex’ and acousticcan product be range itused is possible to reduce only upgrade the noise by half (10 decibels). In this way the that will mean that the cold bridging affect right glass combination can reduce road noise Capable of meeting the requirements of the to a faint whisper Code foris Sustainable Homes and Passivreduced Haus dramatically asunobtrusive the insulation is At certain times of the year it is not Designed to achieve high solar gain and low constant.

Thin Joint Aerated (0.11)**

Argon or krypton gas filling

Pilkington K Glass™ OW (middle and inner pane)

0.25 0.22 0.20 0.18 0.15 0.13 0.12

Room 1

Typical Pilkington energiKare™ Unit

Windows

of with ng W/m.K)

Fax e-Mail

Available with both hard or soft coat

l

Spacer bar with warm edge option

l

2

joints. joints.

l

Project 1 13.01.2014

Masonry

l

Operator Telephone Fax e-Mail Height

Reduced insulation thickness in reveal l

Surface

Floor Ceiling Walls (4)

l

uncommon for external condensation to form

2 U Value of glazing=on the0.50W/m k*This just surface of the outer glass.

areas without compromising the energy

Emin [lx]

20 70 50

247 101 203

84 25 69 13

Kingspan

DIALux 4.6 by DIAL GmbH

Page 4

av

min

max

Connor Kendrick - 12020965

Figure 9 6

Eav [lx]

light entering the space and see whether Workplane: confirms that your window is working efficiency of new homes the light levels are decreased. One issue *(This result is variable as site conditions Height: 0.750 m efficiently, and it will dissipate when the flex Grid: 128 x 128 Points external glass temperature and other factors will increase this rises U-Value) with the dialux diagrams that I have used Boundary Zone: 0.500 m is that It is hard to create the pitchedIlluminance roof Quotient (according to LG7): Walls / Working Plane: 0.612, Ceil Pure daylight scene, no luminaires involved. of my design, so as a result I have used a Solar gain This is a solar gain diagram into the main living quarters of the dwelling, flat roof and tried my best to make sure for this I have used the software Dialux which allows one to recreate that the window areas are the same. To bottom right DIALux 4.6 by DIAL GmbHis a small section of the a room and then using windows and other light sources, help gauge the Section of Dining Room the amount of light in a space. Below is a light calculation of all the interior of the kitchen area showing how 1:200 the windows should be looking like. light entering the main dining area of my tutor flat. From this I can tell generally there is no shortage with the amount of light entering the Height of Room: 7.000 m, Maintenance factor: 0.80 Values in Lux, Scale 1:76 space. However looking at the maximum amount of lux of on the Floor Surface E [lx] E [lx] E [lx] u0 r [%] Workplane / 344 84 1107 0.245 and the workspace is very high and may cause glare off of the surfaces; DIALux 4.6 by DIAL GmbH Floor 20 247 25 530 0.102 in particular the workbench which has a maximum lux of 1107lx. Ceiling 70 101 69 264 0.688 Walls (4) 50 203 13 769 / Looking at the colour diagram I can see that it really reflects the data Workplane: tables, although the rest of the floor is well light and this is mainly due Height: 0.750 m Grid: 128 x 128 Points to the roof light which runs along the centre of the room. So in order Boundary Zone: 0.500 m Illuminance Quotient (according to LG7): Walls / Working Plane: 0.612, Ceiling / Working Plane: 0.291. to rectify the situation I will move the windows upward so that they are Pure daylight scene, no luminaires involved. slightly higher and not so close the work plane. I will also decrease the size of the lower windows and then do another calculation of the carbon SAP scores, allowing larger glazed

Kingspan

r [%]

Room 1 / Light scene 1 / Summary Workplane / 344

Window

l

of Room: 7.000 m, Maintenance factor: 0.80


Further improvements

Even after all of the improvements that I did to the wall construction I then added certain features which would increase the credit to a more suitable number. I changed the boiler size from 150 litres to

Connor Kendrick - 12020965

This is the improved dialux of the kitchen dining area. I have done all of the corrections that I have stipulated earlier and have achieved the walls having a lux value of between 125lx - 250lx. There is still a substantial amount of light on the work surface but I think that can be excused as this will be a space where light is key as sharp objects are likely to be used in this area. Looking at the table below the maximum lux has decreased significantly and the averages are more reasonable numbers.

120 to reduce the amount of potential heat loss, I also increased the insulation by 20mm to 50mm. I got rid of the north facing windows in the bedrooms as they were not letting much solar gain in but were losing more heat. For the general living space I reduced the height wall to pitched roof to 2.5 metres before the gradient of the pitched ceiling intersects the wall rather than 3 metres, reducing the area of wall which would lose energy. The glazing to the south west was increased by 3.3m2 and the glazing to the South East was increased but 0.72m2 increasing the solar gain into the space. In order to improve the Credit rating of the Flat there are a number of items which I could introduce. One of them would be to include the use of the furnace which is used lower in the construction, but the chimney runs through the flat and would give off heat into the space, also hot water can be collected by a pipe running through the chimney and then into a hot water tank which would heat the underfloor heating system and therefore would dramatically reduce the flat reliance on central heating. Also Central heating needs to get to higher temperature than underfloor heating and therefore the energy needed will be significantly lowered. Solar Voltaic Cells can be placed on the roof which would collect sunlight and decrease the flats dependency on the national grid. The use of PV cells on one of the south facing roofs, also the base of my chimney has a large surface area which is south facing, when they are placed here there will be no blocking of the light from local obstructions. There are a whole range of other items which would increase the points that the flat would receive like having a drying space and having cycle storage which would increase the credit number by 2 points.


Non-Design Work

Place of Houses

As part of the module ARC 2023 I was asked to write a peice on the relavance of concepts of home for non-domestic spaces, and whether ‘home can exist beyond the domestic sphere. To do this I needed to find sources which explored these topics and use the information given to me when attending the lectures. This page displays the essay adjusted to fit this medium. (Below is the finished document at an A2 Size). Home is a place where the individual has a connection with a space or dwelling; the idea that a person can have such a connection with a non-conscious entity such as a house or a specific place sounds rather strange. However, it is often that the connection is not with the actual object or place but the memories and emotions that are connected with it, a sort of temporal identity is evoked. I hope that this article will divulge some examples of how useful it is that spaces that are seen as non-domestic are engineered to make the occupant feel at home and what people’s reactions to those designs and layouts are like. I will then discuss whether the feeling of home can exist beyond the domestic sphere. The best way that I can find of the description of what the idea of “home” is, is in the quotation by Dovey saying; “Home is a place of security in an insecure world, a place of certainty within doubt, a familiar place in a strange world, a sacred place in a profane world.”(Dovey, Home: An Ordering principle in space, 1978). I think with this general idea of home, it can be attributed to many places and objects for many people; every person’s idea of home is different and unique. There are many ideas and theorems to explain the meanings of this word and I will try using as many examples as I can in this article. A benefit of designing a space that has the concepts of home would be people are more likely to be happier when they are there, and generally where people happier they will do what is needed in that spaces better. One example would be in an office where the workers are allowed their own office or cubicle or office to layout how they want it and set their own spatial identity with pictures and other items that are significant to them (I have placed an example later in


this article). They are probably going to be more comfortable to work there than a place where it has to be cold and bare. Often people designing spaces that could be seen as a daunting and or scary place will add items that people will recollect and connect with the general idea of home. I think a good example of this would be in a hospital, people would often feel a sense of clinical sterility. Thus, people who are in the hospital may find the place a cold, unwelcoming place. A conceptual spatial identity is engineered in order to counteract the feeling and make people feel more comfortable in their surroundings. There will often be courtyards of greenery and places where people can sit and meet people in relative privacy and peace. Also there will be pictures of artwork on the wall which could are bright and colourful contrasting with the rest of the decoration, often the work will be done by the local community or school. It was Dovey that stipulated there is a “close linkage between decoration, personalisation and attempts to achieve an environment which is commonly described as homely” (Dovey, Home and Homelessness, 1985). An example that could be used is taken from an article where Peter Kellet and Peter Collins investigated whether a new hospital opened in the north of England bared the essences of home and investigated how people regard this new construction to the old hospital it replaced. At one point in the investigation the talk to two porters who give their opinion on the new children’s ward. Where one porter stipulates that, “I think it’s just that homeliness … I think it’s important for them when they come in is to be in a good frame of mind which gives the doctor a better chance of finding out what the situation is”(Collins, 2009). Although many people did appreciate the homeliness, which was implied by the designers, however some thought that the hospital was too clinical cold, describing it “as too big” (patient) or it being “it’s very clinical, very white” (patient undergoing Chemotherapy describing the ‘Quiet Room’)(Collins, 2009). One interesting that was stipulated in that paper was the fact that some of the people who had been in both the new and the old hospital didn’t like the new hospital saying that it was “more like a hotel than a hospital”. Which could be a good thing as people will be less hesitant to enter the spaces created, however “both staff and patients retained a strong sense of affection for the older buildings and frequently used the language of home to describe their responses”(Collins, 2009).

In Florence, the Ponte Vecchio is known as a place where young couples show their undying love for each other and secure a lock on the many railings of the bridge. As a result the couple will think that the place has a huge significance to their life, and it is more than just a bridge with a lock on it. This is could be an extension of ones concept of home as a place where there is a great deal of emotion had, however I percept that this may be a little tenuous for the general populous however for some it will be a place of incredible emotion. However, other people will attribute other places such as football grounds or places where they spent a lot of time as a child as their spiritual home. From these examples, it really demonstrates the idea of “Temporal Identity”, which states that the “Home is a place where our identity is continually evoked through connections with the past”(Dovey, Home and Homelessness, 1985). Thus, anywhere really could be considered as home as long as it has a large enough connection with someone’s memory and past, and the more evoked or visited one visits the place the stronger the connection will become. Further more Bachelard has written that “All really inhabited spaces bares the essence of the notion of home” Which in a way I think is true as I would use the word home to describe where I live at university as my home as I do spend the majority of my year there. However, I would always describe as myself as going “home” when leaving university at the end of terms. So in a way I would describe the place where I live in Newcastle as the closest I have to home without being actually at home. I would only see it as a temporary dwelling and as a result will not place much if any sentimental items that I would have at my home in the south, the items that I would use for spatial order will only be on a temporal basis but I do find this helpful to relax me in my room.

which refers to spatial dialectics where “Home is a place of rest from which we move outward and return a place nurture where our energies and spirits are regenerated before the next journey”(Seamon, 1979). Although she did add that “I imagine if I spent more time here I would see this as my home from home”. That was interesting to find as in the journal which looked at the new hospital one of the ward sisters said “This is my second home. I’ve similar feelings about being here to my home environment. If people.. um criticize the ward you tend to take it very personally. The staff work very much as a team and it’s almost like an extended family”. To conclude I think that Home is personal to the individual and the brackets that meaning of “home” appears in are arbitrary. I think it depends on who is saying it what stage of life they are in, what is important to them, how they view their place of work, what their work is and what their outlook on new ideas and styles is like. I do think that designers do have an obligation to make what their designing very people friendly as if people can make their place of work, where they are ill or where they are educated a small piece of what they call home, they will be happier to do job what is needed in that specific place. Home can exist beyond the domestic sphere, but again I think it is down to the individual. As I believe that the Home is a base of which one moves away from, and has certain smaller pockets of space or dwellings which one would feel at home, but they would always return home.

Word count: 1606

Bibliography: Collins, P. K. (2009). At Home In Hospital? Competing Constructions Of Hospital Environments. International Journal of Architectural Research , 3 (1), 101-115. Dovey, K. (1985). Home and Homelessness. In C. M. Irwin Altman, Home Environments (pp. 33 - 64). New York: Springer. Dovey, K. (1978). Home: An Ordering principle in space. In K. Dovey, Home: An Ordering principle in space. (pp. 27-30). Kendrick, H. (2014-6-Jan). Photograph of Desk. Aylesbury. Therefore, I do think that ones true home can mainly be in one place and people try Seamon, D. (1979). A Geography of the lifeworld. In D. Seamon, A Geograpy of the and recreate the feelings had there by collecting items that were done by the people lifeworld. London: Croom Helm. or events that happened at home. For Example this is a desk of Helen Kendrick, she is an accountant who works with one other person in her office and has used the same desk for over ten years. So over that time she has collected items that remind her of home and who is at home. One of the main contributors to her collection are her children as there is one picture of her favourite band which was done when her child was five years old, a coaster and a mug which the other child made. With these here she describes it as “having home with her constantly” and more over “having constant reminders of having her children with her”. Helen also gets “excited about the journey home” and she would never describe her office as a “home from home”,


Technology

Access For All & Means Of Escape


Access for all

allowing the user to see whether others are coming out when they are coming in, as well as signifying what is the door (see 2.22 pg 28*)

There many factors to my building which make it very accessible for all. With all of the these factors it means that the disabled parking area could be used as the Fire assembly point. Also this means that the point is Access for wheelchair users within the building an aspalht covered, level, firm piece of ground and • All circulation through the building is larger wider than 1800mm (see 3.14c pg35*) and disabled therefore will be safe place for people to congregate user are able to rotate 180 degrees with ease (see after an emergency escape. 3.11 pg35*). • Also there is only ever one door to use when a Disabled Parking on site user gets in the building to get into another space • Each space is no further than 50 metres from an (see 3.7 pg33*). The doors are easily visible from entrance to all of the buildings (see 1.13b page the corridor and they are not hard to open and 19*) have an electromagnet to hold the door open (see • The parking spaces are all placed on a level piece 3.8 pg340 and see 3.10k pg34*). of height and there is no change in height across • The glazed screens in the building are clearly the carpark. visible with two levels at 900mm and 1500mm • There is a safety zone of 1200mm between cars which contrasts with the background (see 3.14l parked and other obstacles where disabled people pg35*). are likely to use. (See Diagram 2 pg20* and 1.18b • The lifts are easily accessible from the entrance pg 20*) and there is no obstruction within 1500mm x • Textured flooring in Safety Zone (see 1.13d pg20*) 1500mm around the entrance of the lift (see 3.28a • Firm, level ground and slip proof for Parking Bays pg37*). and Walkways (see 1.13e pg20*) • A clearly sign posted setting down point is located • There is a handrail on the side of the lift at a height of 900mm and there is also an emergency call on a firm, slip resistant surface, located as close button (see 3.28f,g pg37*) as possible to the entrance (see 1.18e*). • On the stairs, the going is measured at 300mm and the riser is 150mm (see 3.51d,e pg41*) also Access to main Building there is a handrail at 1000mm above the stairs • There is no change in height from the parking ares (see diagram 12 pg42*) to all entrances to building. • There are no obvious hazards on journey to the • In the debating chamber there is at least 1% of the seating available for disabled users (see table3 buildings (see 1.38 pg25*) pg44*) and the dimensioned allowed for the users 1. However there journey from the Carpark does is 900mm wide by 1400mm deep (see 4.12g cross the bike path to the site, and that could pg44*) be a safety issue. Although visibility is very • There are two disabled toilets in the Moot hall and clear for both paths and the user and cyclist will one in the leisure and cafe, and in each there is be able to see each other. enough room for users to move around and there • The entrances are clearly visible and sign posted is space for the door to open incase the occupant with contrast in the colours and textures of material of the toilet collapses (see 5.3 pg52 and diagram to show the entrances to the all of the buildings. 18 pg55*) (See 1.38 pg25**) • The accessible entrance to every building has a power assisted door that is easy to spot and it has a delay to allow a less able user to go through the door easily and comfortably, before shutting (see 2.18, 2.19 pg29*). Also it has the ability to be an automatic door via a button located 1400mm away from the and at a height of 800mm (see 2.21g pg30*). • The main door entrance to each building is glazed, however it will have a translucent look to the door where the glazing surrounding will be clear,

FOOTNOTES:

Any other factors This covers everything from people with other disabilities to other types of user who will need to access the site. • Guards around the doors with stick sensors to detect blind people entering the building. • The main route to the building has a 200mm wall either side of the wide path meaning that blind users will be able to easily tell where the route is. • There is brail on all of the public signs around the

* HM Government. (2010). The Building Regulations 2010, Access to and use of buildings. London, UK: NBS, RIBA Enterprises Ltd.

could accommodate 190 people however the building has a capacity of 75 (of which mainly is ground floor use). On the first floor the maximum distance of travel to the stairs which lead to the main exit is 1650mm which is below the maximum travel distance of 1800mm (see table 5 + Diagram 18 p41**). The main exit for the Leisure centre is 2159mm, which far exceeds the dimensions that I calculated for the minimum exit width, which came up with 1125mm (calculated using formula on diagram 15 pg 38**).

Means of Escape

I have tried to design the layout of my building to be the most efficient to move through and as a result in case of fire it will be easy to escape out of. The Cafe has only one floor and there are three means of escape, and two of the buildings walls are moveable meaning the space can be completely open. However the main exit doors need a minimum door width of 910mm, and the actual door width is 1125mm (calculated using formula on diagram 15 pg 38**). The maximum distance of travel in the space to a exit is 8000mm which is far below the maximum stated of pg41 in table 5 and diagram 18**.

The Moothall has Three Stories that need to accommodate 72 people, most of these people will be located in the Debating chamber which is located on the ground floor and has a capacity of 48. This room is located furthest from the main exit, however it has a smaller exit to the east of the room and it means that people on the ground floor will be no further than 27000mm from an exit. The main final exit needs a minimum width of 1315mm for a simultaneous evacuation, however the current exit width is 1125mm (calculated using formula on diagram 15 pg 38**). The exit to the east is designed for the use of 48 people however if the main exit is inaccessible this exit is easily usable and has a width of 1125mm. For the stairs that travel through the building, the minimum width for them is 340mm (calculated using the formula 4.25 on page 48**) however the width of the stairs is 1700mm. For the movement through the building looking at the table 4, (pg37**) which stipulated that buildings with capacity between 60110 need a minimum corridor width of 850mm. But the building has been designed with a corridor and movement space of 2000mm.

The Leisure Centre has two stories with the stairs being a width of 1000mm and with a capacity that demands a 136mm (calculated using the formula 4.25 on page 48**), with this width of stairs the building **HM Government. (2010). The Building Regulations 2010, Fire Safety, Volume II Buildings Other Than Dwellinghouses. London, UK: NBS, RIBA Enterprises Ltd.


1:500 Site Plan

This is a whole site view of my building showing it in it’s context and other items that are on the site in the design. I have designed the collection of the buildings to be easy to navigate and travel to and through. Not only is the path through the site wide it is on a level elevation and paved with asphalt to make it very firm and easy to travel on. Also in this plan you can see other factors that I have included like the small rectangles in front of the main entrances are places where the ground senses people and sticks and will assist with the opening of the door, also in that area there is a button to allow entry. For access to the buildings the user will have to travel no more than 50 metres to get a main entrance of a building on the site. There are also sensors which detect when people (especially the blind) are coming into the building and they will open for the users.

Connor Kendrick Arc 2009 Architectural Technology Tynemouth


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Connor Kendrick Arc 2009 Architectural Technology Tynemouth


Connor Kendrick Arc 2009 Architectural Technology Tynemouth

Stage 2 Architecture Portfolio | Connor Kendrick | Newcastle University  

Portfolio of work for Stage 2 undergraduate level at Newcastle University Architecture School

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