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“Nothing more clearly shows some of the cherished values of a group than the manner in which they fix boundaries, the manner in which they organize space.� - J.B. Jackson



4501 SW Bowsprit Dr, Lee’s Summit, MO 64082 816-536-5964 5th Year Masters of Landscape Architecture Student Kansas State University, College of Architecture, Planning, and Design Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Community Planning

Education & Relevant Coursework Kansas State University - MLA (4th Year) Horticulture - (minor) Spanish Language Studies - (emphasis)

Recent Professional Experience Internship - 40NORTH Design: November 2015 to August 2016 Site Plans, Construction Details, Planting Plans, Bill of Quantities Josh Cheek 816-289-1621 Gardener - Manhattan Residences: Spring 2015 to Fall 2015 General Landscape Maintenance & Applied Horticulture Susanne Siepl-Coates 785-770-5603

Honors & Awards First Place: “Greening Gifford Park” in Great Plains LID Competition: Spring 2016 Merit Award: Central States ASLA: “Landscape Architecture and Public Welfare”: Spring 2016 Award of Excellence: Central States ASLA: “Parcels and Peppers”: Spring 2016 New Horizons Group Award: APA KS: “Parcels and Peppers”: Fall 2016 Ted and Jill Spaid Landscape Architecture Scholarship Recipient: Fall 2014 Dennis Day Leadership in Landscape Architecture Scholarship Recipient: Fall 2015 Cleve Humbert Scholarship in Architecture: Fall 2016 Dr. Robert P. Ealy Scholarship: Fall 2016

Memberships & Affiliations Government Affairs Committee ASLA: Fall 2015 to present Dean’s Student Advisory Council: Spring 2014- Fall 2015 Vice President SCASLA: Spring 2014-Fall 2015 APDesign Responsible Stewardship Committee: Fall 2016 APDesign Technology Committee: Fall 2016

Skills & Software Experience Adobe: Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrator Autodesk: Civil3D, AutoCAD, LandFX\ Construction Documents Hand Rendering Microsoft Office Model-Making ESRI: ArcGIS Horticulture Sketchup

Links to Online Work Digital Design Portfolio Landscape Architecture & Public Welfare Low Impact Design Competition Winners Parcels and Peppers

Low Impact Development Designing with the principles of Low Impact Develpment (LID) can help mitigate combined sewer overflows (CSO’s), a phenomenon -all too common in American cities- in which storm surges cause rainwater to mix with human waste in the nation’s outdated sewer systems. This dangerous mix of pollutants often circumvents wastewater treatment plants, injecting the untreated waste directly into rivers and streams, where it damages ecosystems and threatens our health. The Gifford Park project aims to prevent this from happening, while enhancing the quality of life of local communities. Adding green infrastructure into Gifford Park in Omaha, Nebraska, will help create revitalized park space, filter pollutants, and help to prevent CSOs.

GREENING GIFFORD PARK Great Plains Low Impact Development Competition: First Place Entry

LID Implements Street Stormwater Planters Bioretention Areas Permeable Paving

Drainage Scheme Vegetated LIDs Storm Sewer Drainage Overland Flow

Site Design Components


A. Hammock Grove West B. Playground and Pollinator Oasis C. New Parallel Parking with Bulb-Outs D. Open Lawn Space E. Tennis Courts and Native Meadows F. Parking Area G. Central Plaza with Shade Structure H. Baseball/Soccer Field I. Hammock Grove East






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Student Collaborators



Landscape Architecture: Jonathan Knight Conner Bruns Biological and Agricultural Engineering: Kari Bigham Erica Schmitz Kelsey McDonogh

Faculty Advisors

Trisha Moore - Assistant Professor B.A.E. Stacy Hutchinson - Professor BAE Lee Skabelund - Associate Professor L.A.

Streetside Stormwater Planters


A. Stormwater Planter

Phytoremediative plant species help break down and absorb pollutants from adjacent roadway before they enter the streams and rivers.

B. Sidewalk

Sidewalk moved over from roadway to enhance pedestrian safety and accommodate the design for the new stormwater planters.

C. Curb Cuts

Cuts in the roadway curbs direct stormwater runoff into the planters, which are designed to treat pollutants from the roadway as well as slow the surge of water in storm events.

D. Street Trees

Low-litter, deciduous street trees also benefit from the stormwater planters. Their roots spread out beneath the tree grate and grab the excess water below.

E. Happy People

Not only will the environment benefit from the park upgrades, but people from the surrounding neighborhoods

F. Sloped Lawn

The treated stormwater is then gently directed onto the site, where it can be

as well as the greater Omaha region will too.

absorbed by the grasses and shrubs in the bioretention areas. G

G. Drainage Grate

A drainage grate set into the concrete allows pedestrians to walk safely and smoothly, and lets stormwater pass beneath. D C





A. Star Entry Plaza A circular plaza doubles as a vehicular roundabout. In the center of the plaza is a multi-directional zoo map used to welcome visitors and for wayfinding. Circulation routes which were formerly asphalt roadways have been resurfaced with a pedestrian-minded paving modules, giving visitors the “Red Carpet Treatment.�

B. Native Plantings Rain gardens and meadows of native species adorn areas throughout the zoo, helping to strengthen the local ecosystem and reinforce a sense of bioregional identity. There is also an emphasis on native pollinator species to provide an enhanced habitat for bees and butterflies.

SUNSET POND A new central park space for Sunset Zoo

C. Discover Center Extension A new building overlooks Sunset Pond. This building is modeled after the glass atrium at the Flint Hills Discovery Center, and will serve as a programmatic extension. A partnership between Sunset Zoo and the Flint Hills Discovery Center will promote nature education in the Manhattan community.


E. Limestone Bench

D. Sunset Pond Sunset Pond is modest in size, but will serve as a focal point for the zoo and create an inviting new atmosphere in the central space of the zoo where a large vehicular turnaround once existed. The pond will act as both a retention and detention pond, harvesting and treating stormwater runoff while maintaining its water level.

These limestone slabs, located beneath beautifully flowering ornamental trees, serve as intimate spaces from which to view the pond, the fountain, and to contemplate the day of awesome animal encounters.

F. Central Green A new central green gives zoo visitors the pleasure of enjoying an open space for informal recreation as well as programmed events. This space features animal sculptures by local artists. A sense of enclosure is established by the line of shade trees which wraps around the lawn. The trees also provide screening of the service areas to the west.

Birds Eye View

Sunset Zoo is nestled within a mature oak woodland, giving visitors a sense of comfort and enclosure as they journey through the exhibits. As visitors stroll along the paths, there are moments of heavy enclosure which give the sense of adventure and discovery. There are also moments of open space, which allow people to take in the scenery and reorient themselves. For a few decades after it opened in 1933, Sunset Zoo was a drive-through zoo, and to this day it retains vehicular and service infrastructure running through the pedestrian core. Visitor safety and comfort is at risk when vehicular service routes impede pedestrian flows and there is a great opportunity to design a better relationship between service ways and pedestrian ways. This design proposal removes some of the vehicular infrastructure in the center of the zoo, and creates a park-like space to make visitors feel more welcome, and more likely to return with their families.


Legend A. Ramp/Stairway B. Star Burst Plaza C. Native Meadow/Raingarden D. Discovery Center Extension E. Sunset Pond & Fountain F. Central Green Space G. Chautauqua Amphitheater H. Utility Shed I. Kansas Plains Exhibits J. Concession Stand K. Restrooms L. Central Playground Pavilion M. Flamingo Viewing N. Old Education Building O. Austrailian Walkabout P. Austrailian Aviary Q. Service Road

Fabric isBetween Disjointed St. Louis’St. CityLouis’ FabricCity is Disjointed NorthBetween and SouthNorth and South

Geographic andbarriers infrastructural the cycle of demographic fragmentation Geographic and infrastructural perpetuatebarriers the cycleperpetuate of demographic fragmentation

Published Report

GIS"Full GIS"Full Spread" TemplateSpread" Template

Infrastructural Barriers

North South Circulation Barriers North South Circulation Barriers

Conceptual City Conceptual Diagram City Diagram

North-South Circulation Barriers Interstate 64 & 44 North-South Circulation Railway Corridor East-West Oriented Parks • Interstate 64 & 44 Large tracts of vacant land




• Railway Corridor • East-West Oriented Parks • Large tracts of vacant land


Infrastructure Barrier Zone

Infrastructure Barrier Zone

• • • •

Correlation Map

for preparation of Illustrator/InDesign Critical Maps (15.5"x7") Used for preparation of Used Illustrator/InDesign Critical Maps (15.5"x7")

St. Louis Diagram

W3_CRB_DemographicDivide_MixedUseCorridor.PDF W3_CRB_DemographicDivide_MixedUseCorridor.PDF


Figure 1.1 North-South Circulation Barriers in St. Louis Source: ArcGIS. City of St. Louis, MO. 2013. Inquiry: What are the geographic and infrastructural barriers that cause a disconnection in human movement from the North to South of St. Louis? Key Extractions: St. Louis, Segregation, Mixed-Use Development, Transit Oriented Development, Shrinking Cities, Urbanization Methodology: The historical mechanisms that created the stark demographic disparity in the City of St. Louis are long gone. However, it is apparent that the manner in which the city has developed is furthur perpetuating this demographic fragmentation. The city is bounded on the east by the Figure 1.1 North-South Circulation Barriers in St. Louis Missisippi River, and is essentially bisected by two highways running through its core. Between these two highways is a large railway corridor, which ArcGIS. of St. Louis, MO.cross 2013. is predominantly Source: impassible. Only atCity certain points can you the highways, and the rail line. This severely limits human movement in the NorthSouth directions, and prevents the mixing of people from occuring in the city’s core, where it ought to happen. Conclusions: There are significant North-South circulation in the city of St. Louis, city’s industrialinpast brought settlers and Inquiry: What are the geographic andbarriers infrastructural barriers thatMissouri. cause aThe disconnection human movement from the North to South of St. Louis? trade via the Mississippi River, and setSt. theLouis, stage for expansion westward. However, there are unintended consequences of the manner in which the Urbanization Key Extractions: Segregation, Mixed-Use Development, Transit Oriented Development, Shrinking Cities, city developed. The railway corridor, flanked by twomechanisms interstates, poses challenges for North-South movement, bothCity on foot andLouis by car. Methodology: The historical that significant created the stark demographic disparity in the of St. are long gone. However, it is apparent

that the manner in which the city has developed is furthur perpetuating this demographic fragmentation. The city is bounded on the east by the Missisippi River, and is essentially bisected by two highways running through its core. Between these two highways is a large railway corridor, which is predominantly impassible. Only at certain points can you cross the highways, and the rail line. This severely limits human movement in the NorthSouth directions, and prevents the mixing of people from occuring in the city’s core, where it ought to happen. Conclusions: There are significant North-South circulation barriers in the city of St. Louis, Missouri. The city’s industrial past brought settlers and trade via the Mississippi River, and set the stage for expansion westward. However, there are unintended consequences of the manner in which the city developed. The railway corridor, flanked by two interstates, poses significant challenges for North-South movement, both on foot and by car.

PARCELS AND PEPPERS Savory ideas for addressing vacancy in St. Louis, Missouri





Collaborative effort of 18 Students: Chapter 4 by Conner Bruns, Katelyn Rose, Kelsey Steward, and Haley Armstrong

LAR 646 - Summer 2015








40,000 Feet

11 In the summer of 2015, 18 of my colleagues, including myself were led by Associate Professors Blake Belanger and Howard Hahn in an intensive eight week summer semester aimed at addressing vacancy dilemmas and presenting opportunities for the City of St. Louis. In order to effectively address the complex physical, social, and economic issues present within each of the 79 neighborhoods throughout the city, it was critical for us to articulate methods for solving these “wicked problems.” Our work is an ambitious effort to organize a typology of vacant property present within the city, and suggest strategies to solve the plethora of issues present. We had the opportunity to collaborate with multiple organizations and federal agencies, including Kansas State University’s Technical Assistance for Brownfields (TAB), the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and the City of St. Louis. The result of our work is a 270 page published book full of savory ideas for addressing vacancy in St. Louis. You can view the document at:


All of the data for the maps and infographics originates from the City of St. Louis Planning and Urban Design Agency (PUD).

St. Louis Existing Demographic Conditions and Infrastructure Barriers Sewing a Stronger North-South Connection in St. Louis

Strategy Map

An opportunity to make a better connection between communities W3_CRB_DemographicDivide_MixedUseCorridor.PDF

Demographic Map

Commercial Corridors





Potential Connections

Grand Boulevard Selection

Contiguous Commercial Stretch

Asian Potential Connections Other

Lut her Kin gD r

Grand Blvd

Kingshighway Blv d

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Figure 1.2

Source: ( (ArcGIS. The City of St. Louis, MO. 2013) This map series considers how St. Louis current demographic conditions relate to the city’s built environment. It was Grandfound Boulevardthat wouldthe be an industrial ideal North-South mixedInquiry: What are the areas of greatest opportunity to provide a mixed-use North-South circulation corridor? Key Extractions:running St. Louis, Segregation, Mixed-Use Development, Transit Oriented Cities,city Urbanization use Additionally, corridor because it is located pinch point in the corridor east-west through theDevelopment, heartShrinking of the could be exacerbating the issue of social inequity in the city. it wasat afound Methodology: A demographic dot map of the city of St. Louis shows a clear racial divide between the north and the south, a divide that is furthur enforced by the infrastructural barriers that bisect the city. Strategically targetting north-south commercial corridors can provide guidance from which railway corridor. Additionally, it traverses diverse ground that city’s commercial corridors also primarily the citythe can channel investment. Mixed-use commercial corridors, as opposed to mixed-use areas have greater run potential east-west, to be linked to transit- fanning out in a radial pattern. There is a great opportunity for a better northoriented development schemes, and can provide a framework from which density can spread. with a mix of parks and unique urban character. Conclusions: There were two potential North-South connector streets that presented opportunity to become a mixed-use, multi-modal south connection in the city, in terms of human movement as well as the flow of goods and services, and the final maps identify two possible investment corridor: Kingshighway and Grand Boulevards. Kingshighway was not chosen because it is highly fragmented by the highway and railway infrastructure, and the intersection exists at a point where it splits, which widens the gap in the potential urban fabric. Grand Boulevard, onwhich the other handcould has great potential. There are two prominentfrom parks that a could serve as the anchor points to the investment corridor. streets benefit most mixed-use commercial corridor. Finally Grand Boulevard is selected as the ideal location for a mixed-use transit corridor. CORE

A Stronger North-South Connection in St. Louis through a Mixed-Use Transit Corridor


GIS"Full Spread" Template

Used for preparation of Illustrator/InDesign Critical Maps (15.5"x7")

A Grand Vision for Grand Boulevard in St. Louis

Strategy Map

pread" Template A vibrant, mixed-use and transit-oriented corridor can better connect north and south St. Louis

LAR 646 - Summer 2015

ation of Illustrator/InDesign Critical Maps (15.5"x7") W3_CRB_DemographicDivide_MixedUseCorridor.PDF

Enlargement of Grand Boulevard

St. Louis has only 10 streets that provide a continuous North-South pedestrian and vehicular connection across major east-west infrastructural barriers.

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From north to south, Grand Boulevard connects these major destinations in the city: 1

1. St. Louis Public Library 2. Fairground Park 3. St. Louis University 4. Metrolink Station Grand Blvd.

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8. Schnucks grocery store 9. St. Mary’s High School

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Figure 1.2 Source: (ArcGIS. The City of St. Louis, MO. 2013) (Google Earth Streetview, 2015)


Inquiry: Which of St. Louis’ 10 streets that have strong north-south connections would best serve a mixed-use and transit-oriented corridor? Key Extractions: St. Louis, Segregation, Mixed-Use Development, Transit Oriented Development, Shrinking Cities, Urbanization Methodology: In order for the city of St. Louis to have a stronger connection between the people and places in the northern and southern portions of the city, it seems necessary to identify the best possible areas where these connections can form. There are many points along each of the infrastructural barriers (the highways, and railway corridor) that allow movement across them. However, there are only 10 streets that have a continuous connection across all three. These ten streets were narrowed down to two streets, Kingshighway and Grand, as the best possible candidates for a mixed-use north-south commercial corridor. Grand was selected for its diverse urban character and because it reaches into the hearts of the residential zones in the north and south of the city. There are over 10 major place connections along Grand. Conclusions: Grand Boulevard in St. Louis, Missouri would be an ideal place to study the possibility of implementing a mixed-use and transit-oriented corridor. This corridor could bridge the gap between two seemingly separate areas of the city, and help to unify communities in the north and the south.




40,000 Feet


(Google Earth Streetview, 2015)


Interdisciplinary collaboration: 3rd Yr MLAs - Timothy Kellams, Neal Heidt, 5th Yr M.Archs - Paul Wickert, Renee Bresson

FIRST CHRISTIAN CHURCH The relocation and redevelopment of a prominent church in Manhattan, Kansas


The driving force behind this design is to create a place that responds to and engages with its context. The proposed structure consists of two rectangular volumes with a hinged narthex/entry atrium that opens to a courtyard. FCC stakeholders and representatives stated that they wanted a building that was easily identifiable from the roadway, Grand Mere Parkway. This design responds to this wish by placing the structure high enough in the landscape to establish a strong visual identity, but also with a location that maximizes site access and minimizes cost. Parishoners and visitors of the church approach the site heading North on Grand Mere Parkway. As they round the southern cuesta of the site, the preserved drainage area establishes an unobstructed visual corridor to the building, which reaches outwards and embraces the Manhattan community as a new place to worship God.

First Christian Church Site Plan

Grading Plan in Autodesk Civil3D


Planting Design using LandFX

First Christian Church was the first project in which I was able to work through most of the stages of the design process, from schematic design to construction documentation. It was a great experience to be able to collaborate with 5th year architecture students on this project and really get a sense of how an interdisciplinary project team operates. We were able to conduct many site visits together, survey the site, and develop a scheme where the building was situated in the landscape in a manner which is both sensitive to the local ecology, and maximizes the aesthetic experience for visitors to the church. AutoCAD Civil3D was used for technical grading, cut-fill analysis, and the LandFX extension was used for a planting plan and irrigation plan.


After analyzing the philosophy of a contemporary designer, the task was to design a small urban plaza in downtown Manhattan, Kansas. The plaza serves as an important terminus on a busy downtown street, while also serving as the entrance to the mall. My design for the plaza follows George Hargreaves, of Hargreaves Associates, design philosophy. Native plant beds, wooden seating, lighting columns, and a central fountain are all aligned to a radial grid which emanates from the doorway, directing the flow and energy of the space both inward toward the mall and out towards the vibrant Poyntz street business corridor.


Radial grid with figural massings of plant beds in strategic locations

Reenvisioning a neglected urban space in Manhattan, Kansas


Rendering with colored pencils and watercolor markers

Grid Types and Figure-Ground Iterations




POCKET PARK MHK A community catalyst on an empty lot in Manhattan, Kansas

Design Process


Our planting design studio was invited to help generate ideas for this small piece of land nestled in a residential neighborhood close to downtown Manhattan, Kansas. My design process explores many spatial possibilities for this pocket park through an iterative process of figure ground mapping. The chosen figure-ground concept was a combination of the radial and orthagonal grid iterations. The zipper-like configuration was chosen for the public planters because it created a dynamic circulation route that meanders through pockets of space

5th5th and 5th and Colorado and Colorado Colorado Pocket Pocket Pocket Park Park Park



A PlotAto Plot ARevitalize Plot toto Revitalize Revitalize


Plant Massings

Circulation VEHICULAR








te Access SitePrivate Site Access Access Irrigation Figure-Ground Figure-Ground Figure-Ground Circulation Circulation Plant Massings PlantPlant Massings Massings TallIrrigation Grasses Irrigation Private Circulation

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ProposedProposed Features Proposed Features (Left) Features (Left)(Left) EstimatedEstimated Costs Estimated Costs Costs

A. Public Plots A. Public A. Public Plots Plots

Proposed Feature

Proposed Feature MaterialsProposed Feature

Wood (untreated railroad ties) Gravel

Dimensions (ft) Materials Materials LxWxH

Wood Wood 25 x 6 x 3 (untreated railroad ties) (untreated railroad ties) Gravel Gravel 22 x 3.5 x 1

Dimensions Cost (ft) Per Unit Dimensions (ft) L x W (estimated) xH LxWxH

Cost Per Unit Cost Per Unit Total Cost Estimate (estimated) (estimated)

25 Salvaged x 6 x 3 or Donated 25 x 6 x 3

Salvaged or DonatedSalvaged or Donated

22 x 3.5 $15/ton x1

22 x 3.5 x 1



Total Cost EstimateTotal Cost Estimate

In 2014, the Council of Landscape Architecture Registration Board (CLARB) issued a competition which dealt with public welfare in Landscape Architecture. The challenge was to devise creative methods of communicating how landscape architects influence the public´s health and well-being. CLARB outlined 7 impact factors, including: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability, health and well-being, building community, awareness and stewardship, aesthetic and creative experiences, as well as enabling communities to function more effectively. My team focused on how landscape architects influence public welfare through environmental sustainability. These Moai statues are located on Easter Island, a remote island in the Pacific Ocean which serves as a valuable precedent to the ideas of environmental sustainability. The island’s inhabitants over-exploited natural resources, particularly trees, leading to an ecosystem collapse and the eventual fall of their civilization. This story is a parable that illustrates the negative consequences of ignoring ecological principles when we design and build our environments.

CLARB COMPETITION How landscape architecture effects public welfare through environmental sustainability

In collaboration with Laura Vallo, & Morgan Taylor


Major Site Elements

Website of the Studio’s Work


Existing Conditions

Post-Design Metrics


I will never forget the hypothetical client for this first year environmental design project. The client was a poet/truckdriver who owned a small parcel of land on a lake. A simple, quiet reprieve was the request, as well as spaces for entertaining guests. Additionally, there was a desire to have a personal library, a lap swimming pool, and a place to launch a kayak on the lake. This was a foundational experience for me because it was this project which ignited my spatial thinking through explorations in modeling. Meticulous model-making and hand drafting were a critical component of my design education, and I continue to hold onto the ideas and skills I learned in this project.

SOLACE LAKEHOUSE A private escape of rejuvenation and contemplation


Hand built model constructed with museum board in first year environmental design (ENVD) Model photo was edited in Photoshop



Interdisciplinary collaboration: 3rd Yr MLAs- Kelsey Steward, Haley Armstrong Bio/Ag Engineers- Katheryn Douglass, Gia Nguyen

EPA RAINWORKS CHALLENGE Ecological stormwater management and a new pedestrian mall on K-State’s campus

A New 17th Street Pedestrian Corridor Traditional college-campus design strives to give the campus a “park-like” feel, which too often gives way to highly maintained and intensively irrigated monocultures of turfgrass. However, K-State is seeking to “preserve and enhance natural systems and promote sustainable landscapes” (KSU Master Plan). By incrementally restoring portions of the native Tallgrass Prairie on campus, the university will strengthen a sense of bioregional identity, promote environmental education, strengthen the campus ecosystem, and manage stormwater sustainably. The Kansas State University 2025 Master Plan proposes a multitude of projects and improvements to campus, a key component being the prioritization of cyclist and pedestrian circulation. Additionally, the plan calls for all new development to handle stormwater on-site without placing additional stress on the overtaxed Campus Creek. By incorporating green infrastructure components, 17th street has the potential to be transformed into a multi-functional corridor which handles all proposed pedestrian, cyclist, and vehicular traffic while using stormwater runoff as an ecological and aesthetic asset for campus.


Thank you for viewing my work

The selection of projects in this document are representative of my skills at this point in my career. I look forward to growing my knowledge and adding to this continually evolving body of work. This world is full of some wicked problems, and I believe that landscape architects are well equipped to help solve some of the critical issues of our time. I look forward to a rewarding career in this profession and all of the opportunities it affords me to make a positive and lasting and positive impact.


Conner Bruns Landscape Architecture Portfolio - Spring 2016