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FIRST CHRISTIAN CHURCH
Nature holds the key to our aesthetic, intellectual, cognitive and even spiritual satisfaction.
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EPA RAINWORKS CHALLENGE
POCKET PARK MHK
â€œNothing more clearly shows some of the cherished values of a group than the manner in which they fix boundaries, the manner in which they organize space.â€? - J.B. Jackson
National World War I Museum and Memorial Kansas City, Missouri
Low Impact Development Designing with the principles of Low Impact Develpment (LID) can help mitigate combined sewer overflows (CSOâ€™s), a phenomenon -all too common in American cities- in which storm surges cause rainwater to mix with human waste in the nationâ€™s outdated sewer systems. This dangerous mix of pollutants often circumvents wastewater treatment plants, injecting the untreated waste directly into rivers and streams, where it damages ecosystems and threatens our health. The Gifford Park project aims to prevent this from happening, while enhancing the quality of life of local communities. Adding green infrastructure into Gifford Park in Omaha, Nebraska, will help create revitalized park space, filter pollutants, and help to prevent CSOs.
GREENING GIFFORD PARK Great Plains Low Impact Development Competition: First Place Entry
LID Implements Street Stormwater Planters Bioretention Areas Permeable Paving
Drainage Scheme Vegetated LIDs Storm Sewer Drainage Overland Flow
Site Design Components
A. Hammock Grove West B. Playground and Pollinator Oasis C. New Parallel Parking with Bulb-Outs D. Open Lawn Space E. Tennis Courts and Native Meadows F. Parking Area G. Central Plaza with Shade Structure H. Baseball/Soccer Field I. Hammock Grove East
Park East N.
Park West D
Landscape Architecture: Jonathan Knight Conner Bruns Biological and Agricultural Engineering: Kari Bigham Erica Schmitz Kelsey McDonough
Trisha Moore - Assistant Professor B.A.E. Stacy Hutchinson - Professor BAE Lee Skabelund - Associate Professor L.A.
N 33rd Street
N 34th Street
N 35th Street
N 36th Avenue
Baseball Field Tennis Courts
Streetside Stormwater Planters: Phytoremediation
A. Stormwater Planter
Phytoremediative plant species help break down and absorb pollutants from adjacent roadway before they enter the streams and rivers.
Sidewalk moved over from roadway to enhance pedestrian safety and accommodate the design for the new stormwater planters.
C. Curb Cuts
Cuts in the roadway curbs direct stormwater runoff into the planters, which are designed to treat pollutants from the roadway as well as slow the surge of water in storm events.
D. Street Trees
Low-litter, deciduous street trees also benefit from the stormwater planters. Their roots spread out beneath the tree grate and grab the excess water below.
E. Happy People
Not only will the environment benefit from the park upgrades, but people from the surrounding neighborhoods
F. Sloped Lawn
The treated stormwater is then gently directed onto the site, where it can be
as well as the greater Omaha region will too.
absorbed by the grasses and shrubs in the bioretention areas. G
G. Drainage Grate
A drainage grate set into the concrete allows pedestrians to walk safely and smoothly, and lets stormwater pass beneath. D C
A. Star Entry Plaza A circular plaza doubles as a vehicular roundabout. In the center of the plaza is a multi-directional zoo map used to welcome visitors and for wayfinding. Circulation routes which were formerly asphalt roadways have been resurfaced with a pedestrian-minded paving modules, giving visitors the â€œRed Carpet Treatment.â€?
B. Native Plantings Rain gardens and meadows of native species adorn areas throughout the zoo, helping to strengthen the local ecosystem and reinforce a sense of bioregional identity. There is also an emphasis on native pollinator species to provide an enhanced habitat for bees and butterflies.
SUNSET POND A new central park space for Sunset Zoo
C. Discovery Center Extension A new building overlooks Sunset Pond. This building is modeled after the glass atrium at the Flint Hills Discovery Center, and will serve as a programmatic extension. A partnership between Sunset Zoo and the Flint Hills Discovery Center will promote nature education in the Manhattan community.
E. Limestone Bench
D. Sunset Pond Sunset Pond is modest in size, but will serve as a focal point for the zoo and create an inviting new atmosphere in the central space of the zoo where a large vehicular turnaround once existed. The pond will act as both a retention and detention pond, harvesting and treating stormwater runoff while maintaining its water level.
These limestone slabs, located beneath beautifully flowering ornamental trees, serve as intimate spaces from which to view the pond, the fountain, and to contemplate the day of awesome animal encounters.
F. Central Green A new central green gives zoo visitors the pleasure of enjoying an open space for informal recreation as well as programmed events. This space features animal sculptures by local artists. A sense of enclosure is established by the line of shade trees which wraps around the lawn. The trees also provide screening of the service areas to the west.
Birds Eye View
Sunset Zoo is nestled within a mature oak woodland, giving visitors a sense of comfort and enclosure as they journey through the exhibits. As visitors stroll along the paths, there are moments of heavy enclosure which give the sense of adventure and discovery. There are also moments of open space, which allow people to take in the scenery and reorient themselves. For a few decades after it opened in 1933, Sunset Zoo was a drive-through zoo, and to this day it retains vehicular and service infrastructure running through the pedestrian core. Visitor safety and comfort is at risk when vehicular service routes impede pedestrian flows and there is a great opportunity to design a better relationship between service ways and pedestrian ways. This design proposal removes some of the vehicular infrastructure in the center of the zoo, and creates a park-like space to make visitors feel more welcome, and more likely to return with their families.
Legend A. Ramp/Stairway B. Star Burst Plaza C. Native Meadow/Raingarden D. Discovery Center Extension E. Sunset Pond & Fountain F. Central Green Space G. Chautauqua Amphitheater H. Utility Shed I. Kansas Plains Exhibits J. Concession Stand K. Restrooms L. Central Playground Pavilion M. Flamingo Viewing N. Old Education Building O. Austrailian Walkabout P. Austrailian Aviary Q. Service Road
St. Louis’ City Fabric is Disjointed Between North and South
Geographic and infrastructural barriers perpetuate the cycle of demographic fragmentation
GIS"Full Spread" Template
Used for preparation of Illustrator/InDesign Critical Maps (15.5"x7")
Published Report St. North Louis St. Louis’ City Fabric is Disjointed Between andDiagram South W3_CRB_DemographicDivide_MixedUseCorridor.PDF
Conceptual City Geographic and infrastructural barriers perpetuate the cycle of Diagram demographic fragmentation
Infrastructural Barriers GIS"Full Spread" Template North South Circulation Barriers
Used for preparation of Illustrator/InDesign Critical Maps (15.5"x7")
Conceptual City Diagram
North South Circulation Barriers
North-South Circulation Barriers Interstate 64 & 44 Railway Corridor East-West Oriented Parks Large tracts of vacant land
North-South Circulation Barriers Interstate 64 & 44 Railway Corridor East-West Oriented Parks Large tracts of vacant land Infrastructure Barrier Zone
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Figure 1.1 North-South Circulation Barriers in St. Louis Source: ArcGIS. City of St. Louis, MO. 2013. Inquiry: What are the geographic and infrastructural barriers that cause a disconnection in human movement from the North to South of St. Louis? Key Extractions: St. Louis, Segregation, Mixed-Use Development, Transit Oriented Development, Shrinking Cities, Urbanization Methodology: The historical mechanisms that created the stark demographic disparity in the City of St. Louis are long gone. However, it is apparent that the manner in which the city has developed is furthur perpetuating this demographic fragmentation. The city is bounded on the east by the Missisippi River, and is essentially bisected by two highways running through its core. Between these two highways is a large railway corridor, which is predominantly impassible. Only at certain points can you cross the highways, and the rail line. This severely limits human movement in the NorthSouth directions, and prevents the mixing of people from occuring in the city’s core, where it ought to happen. Conclusions: There are significant North-South circulation barriers in the city of St. Louis, Missouri. The city’s industrial past brought settlers and Figure 1.1 Circulation Barriers in St. Louis trade via the Mississippi River,North-South and set the stage for expansion westward. However, there are unintended consequences of the manner in which the Source: of St. Louis, MO. 2013. city developed. The railwayArcGIS. corridor,City flanked by two interstates, poses significant challenges for North-South movement, both on foot and by car.
Inquiry: What are the geographic and infrastructural barriers that cause a disconnection in human movement from the North to South of St. Louis? Key Extractions: St. Louis, Segregation, Mixed-Use Development, Transit Oriented Development, Shrinking Cities, Urbanization Methodology: The historical mechanisms that created the stark demographic disparity in the City of St. Louis are long gone. However, it is apparent that the manner in which the city has developed is furthur perpetuating this demographic fragmentation. The city is bounded on the east by the Missisippi River, and is essentially bisected by two highways running through its core. Between these two highways is a large railway corridor, which is predominantly impassible. Only at certain points can you cross the highways, and the rail line. This severely limits human movement in the NorthSouth directions, and prevents the mixing of people from occuring in the city’s core, where it ought to happen. Conclusions: There are significant North-South circulation barriers in the city of St. Louis, Missouri. The city’s industrial past brought settlers and trade via the Mississippi River, and set the stage for expansion westward. However, there are unintended consequences of the manner in which the city developed. The railway corridor, flanked by two interstates, poses significant challenges for North-South movement, both on foot and by car.
PARCELS AND PEPPERS Savory ideas for addressing vacancy in St. Louis, Missouri
Infrastructure Barrier Zone
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55 Collaborative effort of 18 Students: Chapter 4 by Conner Bruns, Katelyn Rose, Kelsey Steward, and Haley Armstrong
LAR 646 - Summer 2015
11 In the summer of 2015, 18 of my colleagues, including myself were led by Associate Professors Blake Belanger and Howard Hahn in an intensive eight week summer semester aimed at addressing vacancy dilemmas and presenting opportunities for the City of St. Louis. In order to effectively address the complex physical, social, and economic issues present within each of the 79 neighborhoods throughout the city, it was critical for us to articulate methods for solving these “wicked problems.” Our work is an ambitious effort to organize a typology of vacant property present within the city, and suggest strategies to solve the plethora of issues present. We had the opportunity to collaborate with multiple organizations and federal agencies, including Kansas State University’s Technical Assistance for Brownfields (TAB), the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and the City of St. Louis. The result of our work is a 270 page published book full of savory ideas for addressing vacancy in St. Louis. You can view the document at:
25000 VACANT PARCELS
18 STUDENTS 8 WEEKS
All of the data for the maps and infographics originates from the City of St. Louis Planning and Urban Design Agency (PUD). Poster by Conner Bruns
Interdisciplinary collaboration: 3rd Yr MLAs - Timothy Kellams, Neal Heidt, 5th Yr M.Archs - Paul Wickert, Renee Bresson
FIRST CHRISTIAN CHURCH The relocation and redevelopment of a prominent church in Manhattan, Kansas
The driving force behind this design is to create a place that responds to and engages with its context. The proposed structure consists of two rectangular volumes with a hinged narthex/entry atrium that opens to a courtyard. FCC stakeholders and representatives stated that they wanted a building that was easily identifiable from the roadway, Grand Mere Parkway. This design responds to this wish by placing the structure high enough in the landscape to establish a strong visual identity, but also with a location that maximizes site access and minimizes cost. Parishoners and visitors of the church approach the site heading North on Grand Mere Parkway. As they round the southern cuesta of the site, the preserved drainage area establishes an unobstructed visual corridor to the building, which reaches outwards and embraces the Manhattan community as a new place to worship God.
First Christian Church Site Plan
After analyzing the philosophy of a contemporary designer, the task was to design a small urban plaza in downtown Manhattan, Kansas. The plaza serves as an important terminus on a busy downtown street, while also serving as the entrance to the mall. My design for the plaza follows George Hargreaves, of Hargreaves Associates, design philosophy. Native plant beds, wooden seating, lighting columns, and a central fountain are all aligned to a radial grid which emanates from the doorway, directing the flow and energy of the space both inward toward the mall and out towards the vibrant Poyntz street business corridor.
Radial grid with figural massings of plant beds in strategic locations
Reenvisioning a neglected urban space in Manhattan, Kansas
Rendering with colored pencils and watercolor markers
Grid Types and Figure-Ground Iterations
POCKET PARK MHK A community catalyst on an empty lot in Manhattan, Kansas
Our planting design studio was invited to help generate ideas for this small piece of land nestled in a residential neighborhood close to downtown Manhattan, Kansas. My design process explores many spatial possibilities for this pocket park through an iterative process of figure ground mapping. The chosen figure-ground concept was a combination of the radial and orthagonal grid iterations. The zipper-like configuration was chosen for the public planters because it created a dynamic circulation route that meanders through pockets of space
5th5th and 5th and Colorado and Colorado Colorado Pocket Pocket Pocket Park Park Park
A PlotAto Plot ARevitalize Plot toto Revitalize Revitalize
Site Access PRIVATE PRIVATE PUBLIC PUBLIC
te Access SitePrivate Site Access Access Irrigation Figure-Ground Figure-Ground Figure-Ground Circulation Circulation Plant Massings PlantPlant Massings Massings TallIrrigation Grasses Irrigation Private Circulation
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ProposedProposed Features Proposed Features (Left) Features (Left)(Left) EstimatedEstimated Costs Estimated Costs Costs
A. Public Plots A. Public A. Public Plots Plots
Proposed Feature MaterialsProposed Feature
Wood (untreated railroad ties) Gravel
Dimensions (ft) Materials Materials LxWxH
Wood Wood 25 x 6 x 3 (untreated railroad ties) (untreated railroad ties) Gravel Gravel 22 x 3.5 x 1
Dimensions Cost (ft) Per Unit Dimensions (ft) L x W (estimated) xH LxWxH
Cost Per Unit Cost Per Unit Total Cost Estimate (estimated) (estimated)
25 Salvaged x 6 x 3 or Donated 25 x 6 x 3
Salvaged or DonatedSalvaged or Donated
22 x 3.5 $15/ton x1
22 x 3.5 x 1
Total Cost EstimateTotal Cost Estimate
In 2014, the Council of Landscape Architecture Registration Board (CLARB) issued a competition which dealt with public welfare in Landscape Architecture. The challenge was to devise creative methods of communicating how landscape architects influence the publicÂ´s health and well-being. CLARB outlined 7 impact factors, including: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability, health and well-being, building community, awareness and stewardship, aesthetic and creative experiences, as well as enabling communities to function more effectively. My team focused on how landscape architects influence public welfare through environmental sustainability. These Moai statues are located on Easter Island, a remote island in the Pacific Ocean which serves as a valuable precedent to the ideas of environmental sustainability. The islandâ€™s inhabitants over-exploited natural resources, particularly trees, leading to an ecosystem collapse and the eventual fall of their civilization. This story is a parable that illustrates the negative consequences of ignoring ecological principles when we design and build our environments.
CLARB COMPETITION How landscape architecture effects public welfare through environmental sustainability
In collaboration with Laura Vallo, & Morgan Taylor
Major Site Elements
Website of the Studioâ€™s Work
Axon Diagram by Laura Vallo
I will never forget the hypothetical client for this first year environmental design project. The client was a poet/truckdriver who owned a small parcel of land on a lake. A simple, quiet reprieve was the request, as well as spaces for entertaining guests. Additionally, there was a desire to have a personal library, a lap swimming pool, and a place to launch a kayak on the lake. This was a foundational experience for me because it was this project which ignited my spatial thinking through explorations in modeling. Meticulous model-making and hand drafting were a critical component of my design education, and I continue to hold onto the ideas and skills I learned in this project.
SOLACE LAKEHOUSE A private escape of rejuvenation and contemplation
Hand built model constructed with museum board in first year environmental design (ENVD) Model photo was edited in Photoshop
Interdisciplinary collaboration: 3rd Yr MLAs- Kelsey Steward, Haley Armstrong Bio/Ag Engineers- Katheryn Douglass, Gia Nguyen
EPA RAINWORKS CHALLENGE Ecological stormwater management and a new pedestrian mall on K-Stateâ€™s campus
A New 17th Street Pedestrian Corridor Traditional college-campus design strives to give the campus a “park-like” feel, which too often gives way to highly maintained and intensively irrigated monocultures of turfgrass. However, K-State is seeking to “preserve and enhance natural systems and promote sustainable landscapes” (KSU Master Plan). By incrementally restoring portions of the native Tallgrass Prairie on campus, the university will strengthen a sense of bioregional identity, promote environmental education, strengthen the campus ecosystem, and manage stormwater sustainably. The Kansas State University 2025 Master Plan proposes a multitude of projects and improvements to campus, a key component being the prioritization of cyclist and pedestrian circulation. Additionally, the plan calls for all new development to handle stormwater on-site without placing additional stress on the overtaxed Campus Creek. By incorporating green infrastructure components, 17th street has the potential to be transformed into a multi-functional corridor which handles all proposed pedestrian, cyclist, and vehicular traffic while using stormwater runoff as an ecological and aesthetic asset for campus.
Thank you for viewing my work The selection of projects in this document are representative of my skills at this point in my career. I look forward to growing my knowledge and adding to this continually evolving body of work. This world is full of some wicked problems, and I believe that landscape architects are well equipped to help solve some of the critical issues of our time. I look forward to a rewarding career in this profession and all of the opportunities it affords me to make a positive and lasting impact.
National World War I Museum and Memorial Kansas City, Missouri
Published on Oct 23, 2015
I am a 4th year MLA student. This document is a collection of 9 projects which best represent my technical and design skills at this point...