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Merry Christmas & Happy New Year

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Signs, including one representing Nixyaawii, are posted to show where natives have come from to show their support at Standing Rock. For a firstperson account, turn to pages 10A and11A.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

2 Sections, 44 pages / Publish date Dec. 1, 2016

The monthly newspaper of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation ~ Pendleton, Oregon December 2016

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Volume 24, Issue 12

6 file to fill vacant BOT secretary position By the CUJ MISSION – Six individuals have turned in nomination petitions as candidates seeking the vacated position of Board of Trustees Secretary for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. The position, vacated when David Close was recalled by General Council vote Oct. 4, will be filled in a special election Feb. 7, 2017. (A lawsuit filed by Close against the Election Commission was dismissed Nov. 28 because he failed to meet court deadlines.) Candidates include N. Kathryn Brigham, who served as BOT Secretary for 10 years before she gave up that job in 2014 to run unsuccessfully for BOT Chairman. Other candidates include Leila Spencer, who has been an outspoken advocate for medical marijuana and residents of tribal housing; David Wolf Jr., who has served previously on the BOT; Roberta Kipp, who has been a past candidate; Lawanda Bronson, also a past candidate who works in the CTUIR Department of Natural Resources; and Jiselle Halfmoon, who was elected by write-in vote as secretary of the General Council and is operations manager at KCUW Radio on the reservation. The General Council recalled Close by a vote of 312 to 257. He had been elected 11 months earlier and had taken office in December of 2015.

Cousins named 2017 Happy Canyon Princesses Gabriella Lewis and Virginia Conner have been selected as the 2017 Happy Canyon Princesses to represent Native Americans at events throughout the west this spring and summer, wrapping up with the Pendleton Round-Up and Happy Canyon Night Show in September. For an interview with the two girls, turn to page 13A. CUJ photo/Dallas Dick

Secretary election on page 17A

Celebrating Native American Heritage Month Devan Barkley, a junior at Nixyaawii Community School, high-fives a little guy during a school assembly at Athena High School that celebrated Native American Heritage Month. Barkley was one of several Native students that drummed and danced at schools in Pendleton, Pilot Rock and Athena. For more photos turn to page 5A.

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CUJ News Nixyaawii School receives more $ from CTUIR MISSION - Nixyaawii Community School will receive an additional $350,000 over the next two years, according to the 2017 budget approved Nov. 7 by the Board of Trustees for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. The money earned in 2016 will be used in 2017. That’s called retro-budgeting. Only money in hand is spent. In 2017, the CTUIR will have more than $259 million available, although much of that is in grants and contracts that have strings attached. The BOT voted 6-1 to approve the budget with Treasurer Rosenda Shippentower abstaining. She told other Board members she did not believe requests made on behalf of the charter school and the gaming commission followed the fiscal management policy. Some of the Board members, she noted, have never dealt with a budget of more than $200 million. She suggests fiscal management orientation for new board members. BOT member Woodrow Star, who has been persistent in his requests for Nixyaawii Community School funding, thanked the Board for “finally” coming through with money he believed was promised and then taken back a few years ago. “I’ve been asking for this for years,” he said. According to an appropriations report, the BOT appropriated $175,000 to the school for the remainder of the 2016-17 school year (January-June) and another $175,000 for the first half of the 2017-18 school year (September-December). In addition to the cash contribution, the Board agreed to provide at no cost to the school the building space that is currently being used by NCS. The Board directed the Nixyaawii School Board to provide a report by May 31, 2017 that outlines the school’s 2017-18 budget, with details on how the tribe’s contributions was used. The report should also include statistical comparisons of NCS with other local schools in such areas as student achievement levels, graduation rates, absenteeism, dropout rates, college enrollment rates, etc.

Pendleton School District honors students Ella Stewart, Kathy Gregory, Beth Naughton, Lauralee Stanger and Aimee VanNice

Lori Hale with Brees VanPelt, left, and Riley Cline-Carnes Schools from Pendleton School District 16R recognized students during the district’s annual meeting on the Umatilla Indian Reservation in November. More than 50 members of families and friends were in attendance at Wildhorse Resort & Casino to see awards presented by principals from the Pendleton schools. Students were honored for their achievements that included school-wide involvement, excellent behavior, good grades, and perfect attendance. CUJ photos/Phinney

Lariah Alexander, left, Dan Greenough, and Mollee Allen

Ella Mae Looney, left, Ryan Heinrick, and Ermia Butler

Kyra Jackson, Kalan Spencer, and Dave Williams.

Joaquin Hernandez, left, Theresa Owens, and Miracle Edmiston.

Ronda Smith and Annie Glover

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46411 Timine Way Pendleton, OR 97801 Phone 541-429-7005

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Fax 541-429-7005 Email cuj@ctuir.org www.ctuir.org

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2016


CUJ News Statue memorializes Chief Clarence Burke By the CUJ

PENDLETON – A statue of Chief Clarence Burke, apparently sculpted from a photo taken when he was much younger than the iconic heavy-cheeked regalia-clad symbol he embodied in his later years, was unveiled on Main Street Nov. 19. Likely 50 people – family, friends and well-wishers – gathered in the 100 block of downtown’s main thoroughfare across from the Jackson Sundown statue to see the cloth covering removed from the final Main Street statue in Pendleton. Keith May, chairman of the Pendleton Arts Committee, made remarks prior to the unveiling, noting that Chief Clarence Burke’s Indian name – Wetyetmes Tileylekeepit – means “Swan Facing the Sunset.” Among the participants were Chief Clarence Burke’s son, Chief Bill Burke, plus several cousins, grandchildren and greatgrandchildren. They all gathered around the sculpture as it was unveiled and around Bill Burke and Pendleton Mayor Phil Houk for a ribbon cutting ceremony. Pendleton Mayor Phil Houk, black hat and Levi jacket, hands over to Bill Burke the blanket that was used to cover the statue of Bill Burke’s father, Bill Burke said he didn’t expect the turn- Chief Clarence Burke, in the 100 block of Main Street. At left of Bill Burke is Marlene Taylor. To the right, in the Pendleton coat, is Gary Burke, Chief out for the event. He said his father would Clarence Burke’s grandson. have been proud. land, Pasco and Tri-Cities for dances. He Still, Bill said he would have rather seen remembered going with his grandfather to the honor go to his grandfather, Poker Jim, the Pambrun house. who was a candidate with Clarence Burke He remembers his grandfather as a disciin the Main Street statue balloting. plinarian who made it clear who was boss. About his father, Bill Burke said, “No“Sometimes you didn’t want to go to that body didn’t love him. He was loved all over house … get a whippin’. A lot of cousins, the country.” get together there. He was always good to Chief Clarence Burke’s grandson, Gary us, to everybody,” Gary Burke said. Burke, chairman of the Board of Trustees Gary Burke also is mindful of the kinds for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla of memories others have of Chief Clarence Indian Reservation, said “never thought Burke. in a million years” he’d see a statue of his “I remember hearing how after his final grandfather on Main Street in Pendleton. welcome speech at Happy Canyon they And he wondered, “Where did they get helped him down the stairs. He sat down that picture?” and held his arms out and all the kids Gary Burke remembered his grandfather flocked to him. Duane DeGrofft said it was Walla Walla Chief Bill Burke and Pendleton Mayor Phil Houk cut a ceremonial ribbon at the living up McKay Creek. Clarence Burke the coolest thing he’d ever seen. All he did official unveiling of the Chief Clarence Burke statue on Main Streeet. Members of the Pendleton would often take grandchildren to Port- was put his arms out.” Chamber of Commerce Ambassadors are, Donna Bradbury, left, and Jeanette Gile, right.

Agreement ends Port of Morrow plans for coal dock By George Plaven of the East Oregonian

BOARDMAN - After five years of planning and legal battles, a proposed coal dock at the Port of Morrow in Boardman has been dumped. The Coyote Island Terminal, part of the controversial Morrow Pacific Project, would have shipped 8 million tons of coal per year down the Columbia River for export to Asia. It was initially pitched by Ambre Energy North America — now Lighthouse Resources — in 2011, promising to add 2,000 new jobs for the area. However, the Oregon Department of State Lands in 2014 denied a key permit needed to build in the river, citing interference with a long-standing tribal fishery. An appeal was scheduled for later this month before an administrative law judge, but sides instead came to an agreement Nov. 10. Local tribes, environmental organizations and the states of Wyoming and

December 2016

Montana, which would have supplied coal to the dock, have also signed on to the agreement. Columbia River tribes objected to the terminal, arguing it would interfere with their fishing rights guaranteed by the Treaty of 1855. Chuck Sams, spokesman for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, said they are not opposed to economic development as long as it doesn’t violate treaty rights. “It just depends on the type of commodity they’re transporting, and the infrastructure that needs to be put in place,” Sams said. The CTUIR does not approve of the Columbia River as a corridor for dangerous fossil fuels, Sams said. He added the tribes look forward to working together with the port in the future. As part of the deal, the port will withdraw its application for the dock, and the Department of State Lands will withdraw the findings from its permit

denial. Essentially, it wipes the slate clean for the port to pursue other project at the site, without setting a legal precedent for future development. “This dock site and one adjacent are the only two remaining dock sites for major industrial development in the John Day Pool,” said Gary Neal, general manager at the Port of Morrow. “Without this potential dock site, our ability to create jobs, grow economic development and attract new businesses is severely curtailed.” The dock was slated to be built along a stretch of river where Neal said the port bought land from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1967, following construction of the John Day Dam. The now-flooded land was supposed to be used for “port or industrial facilities,” under the terms of the purchase. The port has already invested more than $50 million at the site, including a rail loop designed so that trains could

Confederated Umatilla Journal

transfer their shipments. Neal said he believes the terminal was rejected due to the political pressure surrounding coal exports. “We hope to continue into the future to develop our waterfront as it was intended to be used,” he said. Lighthouse Resources announced in October it would no longer pursue the Morrow Pacific Project. The company is currently exporting coal through Westshore Terminals in Vancouver, British Columbia. Bill Ryan, deputy director of operations for the Department of State Lands, said the agency is pleased to have the legal issues resolved. Though an unusual circumstance, he said the agreement reached with the port, tribes and others is appropriate for the situation. This story was published in the East Oregonian on Nov. 10, 2016.

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Briefly

Standing Up for Standing Rock

Elder Christmas Dinner Dec. 15 at Wildhorse

Several individuals and families have made the long trek to Standing Rock in North Dakota over the last couple of months, including Linda Sampson, pictured kneeling in the bottom right with the gray sweatshirt in the top photo. She recounts her trip in a story on page 10A. And while many have been able to go see the situation for themselves, many have been able to show their support here at home. In the top photo, some of the items, from canned meat and jam to Pendleton bags and coats were gathered for Linda and Sandi Sampson to take back with them. Below, a contingent of tribal members have been marching up and down Main Street in Pendleton each Saturday with signs in support of Standing Rock and the issues at stake. They chant about their role of protecting the water and the goal of stopping the Dakota Access Pipeline.

MISSION – The Elder’s Christmas Dinner is scheduled for Dec. 15 at Wildhorse Resort & Casino. Activities will go from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. with lunch served at 11:30 a.m. There also will be tribal vendors available for anyone in the shopping spirit. The event is for adult members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation who are 55 years of age or older along with their spouses or caretakers. For questions contact Theda Scott at 541-429-7388 or call the CTUIR Department of Children and Family Services at 541-429-7300.

Information on CTUIR scholarships, BMCC winter term available Dec. 7

CUJ photos/Phinney

Fate of repatriation for Ancient One lies with Congressional decision on Water Resources bill By the CUJ

MISSION – The Ancient One, aka Kennewick Man, could be reburied by the end of the month if Congress passes the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA), but there is some concern over the timing of the bill’s prospects. Both the House and Senate versions of the WRDA bills direct the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to return the Ancient One to the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and four other claimant tribes. However, there are differences in the language of the WRDA legislation itself that must be resolved between the two versions of the bill. (WRDA is a package of laws regularly enacted by Congress to deal with various aspects of water resources, including environmental, structural, navigational, flood protection, hydrology, etc.) As of press time, there was just one week left in this session of Congress. If the final WRDA bill is not passed in that timeline, it is likely that repatriation of the Ancient One will be determined by the administrative process rather than legislation. Armand Minthorn, a member of the CTUIR Board of Trustees, has been involved with the repatriation process for the Ancient One for nearly two decades and is eager to see the remains reburied. He is confident that Congress will pass WRDA, but he knows there is another route to be taken in the event the bill fails this month. “I think the WRDA bill will hold up,” Minthorn said. “It has nothing to do with the Kennewick Man rider. I feel good

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Spirit Cave Man remains go back to Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe FALLON, Nevada (AP) - A Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act controversy has officially come to an end thanks to the Obama administration. Interior Secretary Sally Jewell in early November announced the transfer of ancestral remains in Nevada to the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe. The remains include a 10,000-year-old individual - also known as Spirit Cave Man - who was the subject of a long-running dispute. According to the Interior Department, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) transferred control of the remains and associated burial items to the tribe Nov. 18. The tribe always claimed Spirit Cave Man and the other remains as ancestors and a DNA analysis confirmed they were Native. They had been uncovered in 1940 on federal land not far from the present-day reservation. But the BLM resisted turning over the remains for two decades. That led the tribe to file a lawsuit in which a federal judge at one point said officials “passed the issue up the chain of command” without ever providing a direct answer to the PaiuteShoshone people. The situation began to change when the Interior Department in 2010 finalized longawaited regulations regarding so-called “culturally unidentifiable” Native remains. A notice published in the Federal Register a month ago cited the new rule as the basis for initiating repatriation to the tribe.

about it. Kennewick Man has bipartisan support in the Senate and the House.” In the event that WRDA does not pass, then the next option is with federal regulations through the U.S. Department of the Interior’s unclaimed remains process. That claim would be submitted to the Corps by the five tribes, starting a new process. “It would be a new process, but it would be short and clear. All the work has been done and we’re set to do that if WRDA doesn’t pass,” Minthorn said. Although he’s confident that the reburial will take place in December, Minthorn said the regulatory process should take no more than three weeks and would push the repatriation into January.

The Ancient One’s remains are at the Burke Museum in Seattle, where they have been for nearly 20 years. For repatriation to occur, representatives of the five tribes will have to come together to prepare, bundle and wrap the remains, as they have done in the past, before transporting them to a burial site in the Tri-Cities, Washington, area. Minthorn said he would like the reburial to be a private ceremony, but noted that earlier this year U.S. Senator Patti Murray from Washington accepted an invitation to attend. Minthorn said numerous reburials have taken place at the site and there never has been any disturbances in the past.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

MISSION – An information session offered by the Education Department is scheduled for Dec. 7 from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at the Nixyaawii Governance Center on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. The informal session will discuss the scholarship program of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTIUR) as well as winter orientation for Blue Mountain Community College (BMCC). Students also can obtain information on BMCC’s GED classes, student support services, and placement testing. In addition, Brandie Weaskus, Higher Education Manager, will speak on internship opportunities. For questions, call Annie Smith at 541429-7831 or Weaskus at 541-429-7825.

Crow’s Shadow Holiday Open House Dec. 11 MISSION – A Holiday Open House hosted by Crow’s Shadow Institute of the Arts is scheduled for Dec. 11 from 1-4 p.m. The free event will showcase prints from this past year’s artists-in-residence program and will provide holiday treats and light refreshments. Artists whose work will be on display are Brenda Mallory, Samantha Wall, Ryan Pierce, and Joe Cantrell. For more information call 541-276-3954 or visit crowsshadow.org.

Community Watch

Housing Office at 5 p.m. Upcoming meeting: Dec. 29

Community Forum

No meeting in December Next meeting Jan. 31 at Senior Center December 2016


CUJ News

Native American Heritage Month celebrated at local schools

Deven Barkley looks ahead at the crowd at Washington Elementary as he waits his turn to dance.

In right photo is Trinity Treloar, left, and Lariah Alexander, right, designing a Native American Heritage sign for the Pendleton High School Assembly held in November. Photos by Dallas Dick, Miranda Vega Rector and Kim Minthorn

Hudson Standley, left, and Tucker Holton, right, enjoy a small piece of fry bread with their favorite toppings at the Pilot Rock Elementary School. Below is Ella Mae Loony, left, and Susie Patrick, both from Nixyaawii Community School on the Umatilla Indian Reservation dance at the Washington Elementary Pow Wow.

Below, Kelsey Burns leads the Grand Entry at the Washington Elementary Pow Wow. Following is Bryson Red Crane, Sky Smith, Ryelynn Melton, Nicolas Alexander, and Nathan Marsh with his arms crossed.

December 2016

Confederated Umatilla Journal

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CUJ Editorials Listen for candidates’ qualifications - and signs of civility

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now is on the hills. The time for story telling is upon us. This seems appropriate as we gear up for a special election in February. There are six candidates vying for the open Board of Trustees Secretary position. Candidates will need to tell you their story. Listen closely, for you will want to hear about their qualifications, their experience, their knowledge, their skills and their ability to represent your interests as a Tribal member. We need our leadership to demonstrate the ability to protect our Treaty rights and our Constitution. We need leaders who can fiercely negotiate with the incoming presidential administration. Look at each candidate’s qualifications to be your voice, not just on the Board of Trustees but also with all the entities our government interacts with on a daily basis. We must have civility internally, but we also should be well prepared to fight external forces that seek to harm us or diminish our rights as American Indians.

The stories of our collective past emphasize civility, and likewise, the stories you hear from candidates should emphasize a return to respect within our governing body. As an officer of the Board of Trustees, the Secretary has many responsibilities and duties to perform. The Secretary is keeper of the board’s correspondence, issuing of public notices, taking of minutes, recording of official actions and custodian of all board files and records. We need someone who will not only perform these duties, but who will also ensure these records are available for review by the Tribal membership. Many a candidate has run on transparency. We need to have someone in place who will make

sure the People’s records are readily available for review and comment. Anyone who has attended a Board of Trustees meeting knows that the Secretary helps to set the tone of each meeting. The Secretary is the person who reads correspondence, notices, and minutes. This person brings civility to the table. The stories of our collective past emphasize civility, and likewise, the stories you hear from candidates should emphasize a return to respect within our governing body. While we can never forget our past - both good and bad - we can always strive to build a better future. Our government is strong; we have created resiliency at all levels to ensure essential services are provided for our citizenry. The United States is in a state of anxiety and political chaos. Let us look for the right person to help us rise above it and lead the way. ~ CFS III

Indian New Year is great time for reflection and planning

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Confluence speakers steer river discussions Johnny Jackson, a Columbia River chief representing the Cascades Band in Washington, fills the screen behind a panel of speakers at the first “confluence story gatherings” that took place at Tamastslikt Cultural Institute Nov. 12. The discussions are designed to “elevate indigenous voices in our understanding of the Columbia River system. Recorded interviews of Jackson and others were played before discussions led by a group that included, from left, facilitator and Confluence Executive Director Colin Fogarty, Umatilla elder Leah Connor, Tamastslikt Director Bobbie Conner; Patricia Whitefoot, director of the Indian Education Program/Yakama Wellness Coalition; and Elizabeth Woody, Oregon Poet Laureate and an enrolled member of the Warm Springs Tribe. More than 50 people attended. In addition to Jackson, others recorded for the confluence gathering included Greg Archuleta, a member of the Grand Ronde; Wilfred and Bessie Scott, Nez Perces; and Wilbur Slockish, a Klickitat River Chief.

CUJ Confederated Umatilla Journal

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46411 Timine Way Pendleton, OR 97801 541-429-7005 FAX 541-429-7005 e-mail: cuj@ctuir.org www.ctuir.org

ndian New Year will be upon us soon. We will look back on the year that just past, recount all the good and bad that has happen in our lives and look forward to the coming year. Our Indian New Year gives all of us an opportunity to be thankful for what Creator has provided. Here on the Plateau we are still very fortunate to have cool, clean water, excellent wildlife habitat, and blessings in the return of our roots and plant foods. The protection of our First Foods does not happen by chance. Each of us has a responsibility to be a protector of these foods. Your Tribal government is also charged with protecting these foods. Year round, we have staff working in the field, in labs, on legal briefs, and in co-management discussions with local, county, state, and federal governments as well as other tribal governments. I am reminded of the words of the Cayuse Young Chief, “God, on placing them (us) on the Earth, desired them to take good care of the earth and do each other no harm. God said.” To that end, an important First Foods event has been scheduled for Dec. 13. The Fish and Wildlife Committee will hold a First Foods Tribal Forum for enrolled members. The event is open to all ages of the Tribal membership and will give everyone an opportunity to discuss our foods. The Committee hopes the discussion will help to evaluate our past and present work, and look toward building the legacy we all want to leave for the next seven generations to come. Winter is a great time for reflection and planning. All across Indian Country, the People’s First Foods are under attack and in danger of either being destroyed or becoming extinct. Each of us have a covenant with our Creator to be the protector of the First Foods, each of us have a voice that can express how best to manage these important resources. Please attend this event for yourself, your children, grandchildren and those still who are on the way. Happy Indian New Year! ~ CFS III

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

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December 2016


CUJ Op-Ed/Columns The war on Natives and our earth begins By Doug George-Kanentiio

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eyond most predictions the worse candidate for the U.S. presidency in the nation’s history has emerged as the victor, elected by an American people who voted against their own interests and in utter defiance of common sense. Power has been given to Donald Trump and to a Republican-controlled Congress, which will now make an all-out assault on Natives, on women’s rights, on blacks, Latinos, on the earth itself. This alliance likely will evisCan a man who cerate the Environmental Prodespises Native people tection Agency, and everything we hold thrust women back into back sacred be given the alleys, take away power to desecrate medical care for millions of peoour lands, take away ple, plow ahead our already precarious with the violation of treaties health care and throw and destroy the economic lives us at the mercy of of millions more vengeful corporations as the nation’s wealth is rediactually be given that rected to the alpower? ready rich elite. Can such a perYes, he has, and this son who profited now begins an ugly, from the misery of so many, who terrible and harsh time ran a campaign based on racial for all Americans. hate, based on fear and who represented the corruption of every leadership standard held sacred by the Iroquois actually win election? Can a man who is a bigot be given this responsibility? Can a man who despises Native people and every-

A portrait of Donald Trump by artist #Yella (Daniela Lopez) is seen on a street in New York City. Photo by Indianz.Com

thing we hold sacred be given the power to desecrate our lands, take away our already precarious health care and throw us at the mercy of vengeful corporations actually be given that power? Yes, he has, and this now begins an ugly, terrible and harsh time for all Americans. If you are an immigrant, be afraid. If you are at Standing Rock, be afraid. If you are in the U.S. without the right documents, be very afraid. If you love peace, be afraid. If you are a Mexican, a resident of a black community, a woman in need of Planned Parenthood, a believer in the validity of treaties, be very afraid. Everything we have fought for is now at risk. This election was one of resentment from voters who opposed what they considered the special privileges of others. Those who voted for Trump know he dislikes Natives. They have heard his insults directed toward us. They know he wanted to rescind the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act. They know that Natives now live in the unhealthiest of areas, suffer the highest physical

traumas, have the poorest economies, yet they elected the one man who represents the greatest threat to us since the evil days of Andrew Jackson. Those who voted for Trump effectively voted against Native people. They elected a man who will plunge the U.S. into war and conflict, suspending common sense and their desire to live in security. They knowingly allowed themselves to be played by some nut holed up in an embassy in London and a Russian dictator. They have been warned that Trump is a serial liar and serial cheater, a man who stands in stark contrast to every Christian value the right wingers espouse. He abuses and disparages women in ways which should have disqualified him from consideration as a candidate. He is an extremist who will create a police state to forcibly deport millions of immigrants. He will create a U.S. Supreme Court which will further curtail civil rights and may well bring an end to all Native-U.S. treaties and reservation status itself. If you care and love this land, if you stand in defense of the natural world and are working toward a cleaner environment, prepare to be investigated, arrested, imprisoned for the American electorate has declared hostilities against mother earth. It is stunning that any working American would vote for a person who has made it clear he will further enrich himself at their expense, a man who boasts of avoiding taxes and thereby putting a heavier burden on the middle class. This is no longer a Nation defined by compassion and inclusion, a country which is, by definition, one composed of immigrants who at least had a chance to rise above their circumstances. No longer. That which made America most compelling has evaporated. And, tragically, Native people will carry the heaviest burden. America has made it very clear that it despises its original peoples, it conscience, its moral keel. The war on the earth has begun. Indian Country News columnist Doug George-Kanentiio is an Akwesasne Mohawk currently residing on Oneida Territory with his wife Joanne Shenandoah. This opinion piece was posted on indianz.com on Nov. 9, 2016.

It wasn’t a complete disaster for Native candidates Garrett Lankford in Great Falls, and Frank Smith, Carolyn Pease-Lopez, Susan Webber, Rae Peppers, Jonathan Windy Boy and the lone Republican, Jason Smith. Four Native women won in Minnesota. State Representatives Susan Allen, Peggy Flanagan and Mary Kunesh-Podein were re-elected, and a new voice, Jamie Becker-Finn, was elected. Voters picked Rep.-elect Tawna Sanchez in Oregon and Kansas re-elected Rep. Ponke-We Victors. Still, Indian Country lost some races with really talented people. But elections are not forever. So expect to hear more in the future from Laurel DeeganFricke in North Carolina; Cesar Alvarez and Cheryl Ann Kary in North Dakota; Red Dawn Foster in South Dakota; Bryan Van Stippen in Wisconsin; and Ronda Metcalf and Sharlaine LaClair from Washington.

By Mark Trahant, TrahantReports.Com

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ative American representation in Congress was 0.37 percent before the election and today it’s the same; Rep. Tom Cole and Rep. Markwayne Mullin were easily re-elected to the House. But Denise Juneau, Joe Pakotas and Chase Iron Eyes were all defeated by wide margins in Montana, Washington and North Dakota. The tally of statewide office holders will drop, though. Denise Juneau will end her term as Montana’s Supt. of Public Instruction in January. Byron Mallot was not on the ballot and he has another two years as Lt. Gov. of Alaska. But Henry Red Cloud, Ruth Buffalo, and Marlo Hunte-Beaubrun lost their bid for offices in South Dakota and North Dakota. Native Americans running for state legislatures did not fare better, except, I should point out there are some bright spots. Rep. Paulette Jordan, a Democrat, won re-election in deep red Idaho. She posted on Facebook: “While it is bittersweet to win in such a large loss both local and national, we must remain hopeful and optimistic that our vision of equality and balance will soon be achieved. Until that day comes: onward!” And Montana Native legislative candidates won

December 2016

eight seats from both reservation and urban districts. Elected was Shane Morigeau to represent Missoula,

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Mark Trahant is the Charles R. Johnson Endowed Professor of Journalism at the University of North Dakota. He is an independent journalist and a member of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes. To read more of his regular #NativeVote16 updates, follow trahantreports.com On Facebook: TrahantReports On Twitter: @TrahantReports Published Nov. 9, 2016 in indianz.com

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CUJ Almanac of the 2017 budget, you may contact Rosenda Shippentower, Treasurer, at 541-429-7379 or rosendashippentower@ctuir.org or Paul Rabb, CTUIR Finance Director, at 541-429-7165.

Public notice On Nov. 7, 2016, the CTUIR Board of Trustees (Board) adopted the 2017 CTUIR Budget and Annual Work Plans. The Tribes’ subordinate organizations, Cayuse Technologies, Wildhorse Resort & Casino, Arrowhead Truck Plaza, Mission Market and Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center are included in the overall Tribal budget. Various sources of Tribal income totaling $269,057,013 were identified as revenue in the 2017 budget. Of this amount, $238,868,579 was approved for the overall operating budgets. The remaining funds will be retro-budgeted for 2018. The creation of the annual budget for the CTUIR is a lengthy process and after numerous meetings and presentations of the draft budget to the Board and General Council, the budget was finally approved in mid-November. Tribal member comment on the draft 2017 budget opened on Oct. 11, 2016. The Treasurer also presented the draft budget to the General Council on Oct. 20, 2016 and requested comments from tribal members. The General Council voted to accept the 2017 budget report. The 2017 budget maintains most services at current 2016 levels and provides funding for ongoing contractual obligations and fixed costs such as debt service, including a $603,990 payment toward the retirement of the internal debt load. The Board also approved a 2% Cost of Living Adjustment for CTUIR government employees that will go into effect on January 1, 2017. These employees will also be eligible to receive merit increases up to and including 3%. Should Umatilla tribal members want a copy

PUBLIC HEARING NOTICE NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Natural Resources Commission of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation will hold the following public hearings Variance #V-16-001 – Applicant, Aaron Jackson, 332 NE 44th Street, Pendleton, OR. The applicant is requesting a variance from the setback for a proposed new home. The subject property is Tax Lot 2N3306CD00200 located in the SE ¼ of the SW ¼ of Section 6, Township 2 North, Range 33 East, W.M. and containing approximately .34 acres. The property is zoned General Rural (R-2). The Land Development Code Section 3.15 requires a home to be set back 20 feet from a front property line. The variance requests that a portion of a proposed new home be set back 15 feet. Variances are subject to the approval criteria in Section 8.015. The hearing will be held on Tuesday, December 13, 2016 at 9:00 a.m. in the Nixyáawii Governance Center Wanaq’it Conference Room on the Umatilla Indian Reservation, 46411 Timíne Way, Pendleton, OR. The public is entitled and encouraged to attend the hearing and to submit oral or written testimony regarding the appeal. To obtain additional information, contact the Tribal Planning Office at, 46411 Timíne Way, Pendleton, Oregon, 97801 or call (541) 429-7517. Travis Olsen, Secretary Natural Resources Commission

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Longtime leader Alphonse ‘Frenchy’ Halfmoon dies Alphonse Franchot Halfmoon, 94, of Mission, Oregon, passed away Nov.10, 2016 at home, where he was born, surrounded by loved ones. Alphonse, or Al, was known by many as Frenchy. He was born March 11, 1922 to Alphonse Otis Halfmoon, a Nez Perce tribal member, and Mary Joshua, a Cayuse descendent from the CTUIR. He had four sisters and eight brothers. The Halfmoon surname is a result of the family livestock brand of halfmoon that was used when his Nez Perce grandfather was baptized in the 1800’s. Alphonse married Florence M. Dishion on March 16, 1952. She preceded him in death in 2014.Together they raised their four sons and four daughters in the Pendleton and Mission area. Three of their sons: Mark, Matthew and William “Billy” Halfmoon preceded them in death. Much of Frenchy’s early years were spent with his Kautza Tawax and Gilbert Minthorn, and his aunt Amy Webb where he learned the seasonal rounds of that generation - subsistence hunting, fishing and gathering. It was in this time where Frenchy was given his Cayuse name, Lungeon (meaning stands apart or alone) by Gilbert Minthorn. Alphonse attended St. Andrews Indian Mission boarding school, St. Joseph’s Academy, Chemawa Indian Boarding School, Haskell Indian Nations University, Blue Mountain Community College and Lower Columbia College. He enlisted in the Army in 1940 and served until 1945, serving first in the Army’s last actual cavalry unit out of Presidio, Calif., then in the Army’s Signal Corps in the Pacific Theater of Operations in WWII. He was elected to the Confederated Tribes Board of Trustees in 1968 and became Chairman in 1969. He served one term on the Board of Trustees in order to work for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Frenchy received training as a typesetter and worked for the East Oregonian, participated in agricultural research and harvest, was a heavy equipment operator, logger, construction and carpentry, livestock drover, and caretaker/bus driver at St. Andrew’s Mission Indian School for 16 years until its closure in 1972. In 1973 he relocated to Cathlamet, WA where

Obituary he lived on and worked for the Columbia Whitetail Deer National Wildlife Refuge (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) until his first retirement in 1988. After his retirement he went to work for a logging operation out of Trout Lake, OR until he and Florence returned to Pendleton, where he was elected to the governing body of the CTUIR in 1992 until retiring finally in 1999. In 1996 he served a term as Chairman of the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission and was inducted into the CRITFC Hall of Fame in 2006. Alphonse was generous with the knowledge he was given. He was a prolific writer, an inveterate reader and gladly shared his own history, experiences and knowledge with the CTUIR and other tribes and in sundry tribal forums. Alphonse is survived by his brothers Ron Halfmoon (Chet), Harold Halfmoon (Elsie). His brothers-in-law Lee Clure and Darrell Brown; his children Hilda Alexander (Randy), David Halfmoon (Ramona), Kateri Cochran, Gretchen Halfmoon-Sauvie (Rex), and Susan FastHorse (Virgil); his grandchildren Kyle Daley, Sunni Alexander, Fawn Eiford (David), Rebecca Rivera, William Halfmoon (Amy Mullen), James Halfmoon FastHorse (Tracy Wilken), Midnight Brockie, Georgia Wallahee (Leo) and Alaska Koski; his great-grandchildren Kiona Rivera, Violet, Helen, Claire and Mariane Eiford, LaRiah and Nicolas Alexander, Weptas and Demetri Brockie, Jr., Layla, Liberty and Margo Wallahee, and Audrey Florence Halfmoon. And many nieces, nephews and cousins that he was close to as well as many friends in the community and throughout the Pacific Northwest. This is a quote that our father, Alphonse wrote in November of 2002 in describing his life with our mother and what they wanted to leave behind: “We’ve lived quite a life raising eight children and then some. Both of us have been given a longer duration of living and to hope for a longer life is up to how we live. And there is no guarantee of being centenarians. But would like our life to be an example for our children and our grandchildren on up to the generations to come.” Dad, we have never been more proud to be your children. We will miss you terribly and look forward to the day we will be reunited with you, mother and our brothers.

Judge dismisses David Close suit against Election Commission MISSION – A lawsuit filed by Dave Close against the Election Commission have been dismissed in Tribal Court. Close, the former secretary for the Board of Trustees of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, filed suit in September against the seven members of the CTUIR Election Commission members. The case was dismissed with prejudice, which means the suit cannot be filed again, by Associated Tribal Judge David D. Gallaher on Nov. 28. The case filed by Close, who was recalled by the General Council in October, was dismissed because he did not comply with the with the court’s scheduling order. According to the schedule, oral arguments were to take place on Jan. 4, 2017. Meanwhile, the Election Commission

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

decided not to fine either of two parties that filed complaints for illegal campaign practices. Bob Shippentower filed two complaints, one against the BOT and another against CTUIR administration for illegal campaign practices. The BOT filed a complaint against Close for the same thing, illegal campaign practices. The Election Commission decided not to assess any fines, although it was authorized to give fines of up to $100 for each violation, according to the Election Code, said Election Commission Chair Andrea Hall. “It was outside the scope of the Election Commission to determine what the definition of illegal campaign practices is. It’s a gray area in the code,” Hall said. “It should be a matter for the Board.”

December 2016


Weather Weather information summarizes data taken at the Pendleton Weather Station from Nov. 1-28. The average daily temperature was 47.2 degrees with a high of 71 degrees on Nov. 2 and a low of 30 degrees on Nov. 17. Total precipitation to date in November was 0.87” with greatest 24hr average 0.27” Nov. 22-23. The average wind speed was 8.0 mph with a sustained max speed of 38 mph from the West on Nov. 28. A peak speed of 47 mph occurred from the West on Nov. 28. The dominant wind direction was from the West. There were 10 clear, 13 partly cloudy and 5 cloudy days in the month of November.

Corrections The award-winning geographical atlas, Caw Pawa Laakni, was one of three nations receiving High Honors. It was the fifth program within the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation to receive recognition from ‘Honoring Nations,’ a program of The Harvard Projec5 on American Indian Economic Development. Dr. Eugene S. Hunn, University of Washington professor emeritus, was the primary author of the project but shared equal title with his co-authors. Finally, Roberta Conner’s middle initial was incorrect. It should have been an L, not a J.

Jobs Career Opportunitites

at the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation 1. Fisheries Habitat Biologist I 2. Nutrition Services Provider 3. Surveillance Operator 4. Criminal Justice Records Specialist 5. Judicial Assistant Court Services Director 5. Front Line Sales Assistant 6. Server Administrator 7. Archaeologist 8. Teacher 9. Equipment Operator I 10. Fuels Specialist 11. Education Specialist 12. On-Call Public Transit Bus Driver & Dispatch For more information visit: Office of Human Resources Online http://ctuir.org/about-us/ employment-opportunities

CTUIR Board of Trustees

General Council

Chair Gary Burke

Chair Alan Crawford

Vice Chair Jeremy Wolf

Vice Chair Kyle McGuire

Treasurer Rosenda Shippentower Secretary

Secretary Jiselle Halfmoon Interpreter Thomas Morning Owl

At-large BOT Members: Armand Minthorn General Council contact Info Office: 541-429-7378 Justin Quaempts Email: GeneralCouncil@ctuir.org Aaron Ashley Meeting updates and information on: www.ctuir.org/government/general-council Woodrow Star CTUIR Executive Team :

Director: David Tovey

Deputy Director: Debra Croswell

General Council Meeting

Nixyaawii Governance Center, 2 p.m. - Dec. 14 Draft agenda:

1. Enviornmental Health - Sydelle Harris 2. Law and Order Committee - LOC Membership 3. BOT Member at Large - Armand Minthorn

CTUIR Express Phone Directory

December 2016

Tribal Court 541-276-2046

Human Resources 541-429-7180

Department of Children and Family Services 541-429-7300

Science & Engineering/Air Quality Burnline 541-429-7080

Enrollment Office 541-429-7035

Senior Center 541-276-0296

Finance Office 541-429-7150

TERF 541-276-4040

Finance – Credit Program 541-429-7155

Confederated Umatilla Journal 541-429-7399

Confederated Umatilla Journal

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‘Mni Wiconi’ ~

‘Chuush iwa Waqishwit’ Tribal member learns at Standing Rock that no matter what language is used ...

Water is Life

T

By Linda Sampson

he wide open spaces of the homelands of Standing Rock Sioux brought many feelings to my heart. I thought about the past – the beauty of the huge herds of buffalo, riders on horseback and the original camps. Looking out over rolling hills, the few trees and the lake, I knew there was once a free flowing river. I was reminded of the history and lives of the Sioux people. I study the land for foods, I studied the faces of the people, I listen to their tone when speaking and I hear myself. They are treaty tribes that had multiple treaties dishonored and disregarded - 1851 and 1868 at Fort Laramie. They know their original homelands and their relatives to all directions. Just like me. I introduce myself to this new country: “In nush waniksha Loweaux”. I come over the ridge and see the large camp of ‘Oceti Sakowin’. It reminds me of the past. A gathering place for the people at the confluence of the Cannonball and Missouri rivers. I stop my thoughts and try and picture the beauty of the sacred stones that are lying below the flooded river. I compare the vision to our Celilo Falls that are now silenced by the dam. I say a prayer. I know and feel the power that radiates from this piece of Mother Earth. I say a prayer. I am excited to meet new people and make new friends. Campfires light each camp, smoke rises across the camp, laughter and calmness settle in my heart. Horses gallop through the camps and the young people riding them are at ease. It looks familiar. But I do not know anyone here. My insecurities start to rise. We

park just anywhere, not having a camp to find. I get out of the car and head for the main fire, as the MC announces various events and messages for the day. As I walk, I receive smiles, hello’s, handshakes, and my fears start to lessen. I do not know their protocol so I sit back and watch, listen and absorb. I watch people give offerings to the sacred fire. I do not do this; I am still watching. I sit on a small wooden bench and take in the moment. I see people from all walks of life - Natives, non-natives, rich, poor, happy, sad, angry - all there for their own reasons, but with one shared purpose – ‘Mni Wiconi’- Water is Life. I have heard this all of my life. Cold, clean water, water before and after our meals, water is my body, water brings life to our foods, water for our animals and fish, water for the future generations. I feel a connectedness to people I do not know. I smile to myself and think this is where I should be at this moment in my life. When I said I wanted to come to Standing Rock I had mixed response: ‘Why, it’s not our fight?’, ‘You’re going to get arrested’, ‘What if something happens to you’. I heard a lot of negative but I knew I would be alright. I awoke the next day to participate in the women’s water ceremony. Once again I watched, I listened, I observed. We walked through the camp with all the women. They led with songs, hand drums and water blessed at the sacred fire. We came to the banks of the Cannonball and the elder spoke of how to conduct yourself in this ceremony. I found myself standing with 300 other women on the river and singing a song that I’d only just heard. As the ceremony was close to finishing the women asked for other languages to speak ‘Water is Life.’ I was timid to say ‘Chuush

I compare the vision to our Celilo Falls that are now silenced by the dam. I say a prayer. I know and feel the power that radiates from this piece of Mother Earth. I say a prayer.

Sandy Sampson, far left, and Linda Sampson, far right, plus Debbie and Twila Abrahamson from the Spokane Reservation, stand in front of the sign statue that points not only in the direction of nearby camps, but to reservations from across Indian Country. The Sampsons added a “Nixyaawii” sign to the post.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2016


Photo by Linda Sampson from “Media Hill” looking directly toward the main camp.

iwa Waqishwit’, but when I heard Dutch, Swedish, French, German, and Dine, I spoke our language for all to hear. Fifteen languages were shared that day. I feel the strength of our homelands, Nixyaawii. I feel empowered by all the teachings we are blessed with at home. I remember all the things that happened along the way. The nine bucks that strolled across our path and made me stop for them. What are they telling me? The jackrabbits that slowed me down. What are they telling me? The large all-white bird that spanned the entire front of the car; what was that bird? I slowed down and settled with the thought ‘I will get there, be patient’. I slowed down from that moment on. I will experience what the creator has intended for me to experience. As I left the banks, I felt calmer, more peaceful. My friend from home asked we bring her brother our traditional foods. She knew he needed the strength that they bring to a person. When I was preparing for this trip we gathered all that we could - salmon, elk, pyaki, xoush, tmish, wiwnu – to cook the meal. We pulled out the canned salmon, canned elk, the dried elk the girls made just days before we left. We gathered from our relatives canned huckleberries and dried deer meat and T-shirt gifts. As we met people we gifted them our precious foods and watched their faces light with smiles. Genuine thank you’s, handshakes, and hugs. I am not a big ‘hugger’ kind-of-person, but received them warmly. My heart filled and grew with this connectedness of people all there to fight for the water. I felt calm and peaceful. The day was beautiful. As we returned to our new friend’s camp of the ‘Cheyenne River Sioux’ we were grateful to have a place to cook. Our new friends Julian and Oscar were gracious and helpful. We didn’t know how many people we were to feed but it felt like our foods grew. We wrapped the salmon for the fire, prepared the roots and berries, and others peeled potatoes and got corn going. We helped set-up stoves to fry the elk and helped de-bone a quarter Oscar had gotten. As we talked, laughed and shared stories of home, we found people coming to their camp and asking ‘is this were the Umatilla’s

December 2016

are cooking their meal?’ We told them yes and asked them to join us. Our group grew to many relatives from the Northwest. Our other relations from home came and we sang one of our home songs. We followed our ways as best as we could without the conveniences of tables and chairs like in our longhouse. All enjoyed the dinner and we closed with a song. The day was complete. Our last day was memorable. There had been an incident that happened on Wednesday when we were enroute; it wasn’t good. A young man we knew was made an example of at the camp. He was accused of rape. They met hastily and the outcome was harsh. He was walked through camp, humiliated, shamed and banished. The men hit him, yelled at him and the women did worse. They hit him, cut off his braids and took his Indian name. I was horrified. We all know the creator does not know us by our English name, only our given name. This angered me. We came here representing our father, our miyuuk, our watoy Peo-PeoMoxs-Moxs, Carl Sampson. We talked deeply, Sandy and I, and we knew what he would want us to do. He sent us with 80 Pendleton blankets and the Pendleton gifts that the Bishop family donated; we would throw down in his name. We wanted that name back, NO man or woman has that right, and we needed this rectified. We had found him right off the bat when we arrived Thursday. He explained the incident and he was wrongly accused and wanted the experience to be one of learning. The woman was on drugs and disturbed; he had forgiveness for her. We discussed how we would help. The morning of Sunday started with sunrise prayers and people started to gather at the sacred fire. We took the items we had brought and put them down like we do at home. We waited as their Spiritual leaders wanted to do their ceremony first. We witnessed three amazing ceremonies. The sound of the eagle whistle, the tobacco blessing, and the elder explaining that once the sacred pipe

was filled it was the center of the universe. I prayed for the entire world at that moment. It was amazingly strong. The power, humility, shame and heaviness were lifted. You could feel the positive become stronger. He was honored and brought back into camp. My heart was a bit more at ease. We left Oceti Sakowin that night sad we didn’t have more time, but happy to return to our homelands. My expectations were one of direct action when I got there, but the creator guided me to a different place. It is true my relations: the police and military are everywhere. It is an ugly feeling, and it brings anger, hate, and negativity to your heart. But their Spiritual leaders continue to stay in prayer; they ask humbly that all who come stay in prayer and goodness. Their words, songs, and prayers assisted in this shift in my journey. I believe that if you go to Standing Rock each of us takes something different and leaves something different. If you go, you will have your own experiences and put them in your heart as I have. We have our own fight on our beautiful Columbia and its watershed; we are its protectors, and we must stay vigilant in our fight against oil trains, coal trains, and nuclear waste. Cold Clean Water! My beautiful people of Nixyaawii WE ARE STRONG! Prayers for the Standing Rock people and all that have joined them.

I smile to myself and think this is where I should be at this moment in my life.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

MNI WICONI~ CHUUSH IWA WAQISHWIT~ Loweaux Linda A. Sampson is a member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Linda and her sister, Sandy, took provisions to Standing Rock in early November.

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2017 Round-Up royalty announced PENDLETON - Pendleton RoundUp Queen Kendra Torrey and her four princesses were introduced at a breakfast Nov. 19 hosted at the home of Steve and Susan Corey. They will reign over the 107th annual Pendleton Round-Up in 2017. Torrey is the 21-year-old daughter of Gary and Shelly Torrey of Kuna Idaho. She grew up in Milton-Freewater, riding horses “every chance she could get” since age 6. Torrey is a recent Walla Walla Community College graduate completing an Associates in Arts degree in preparation for further studies in psychology. Princess Sydney Jones is the 19-yearold daughter of Dr. Harper II and Kim

Jones of Pendleton. This fall she is attending Carrol College in Helena, Montana majoring in Biology/Pre-Medicine. “Round-Up is its own world,” stated Jones, “It transports you back to something authentic where everyone is welcome and comes together, even though we live in an often divided world.” Princess Taylor Ann Skramstad is the 21-year-old daughter of Scott and Kelly Skramstad of Umapine, Oregon. Taylor is a graduate of Walla Walla High School and now attends Walla Walla Community College where she competes one the WWCC Rodeo team. Princess Kaleigh Waggoner is the 18-year-old daughter of Allen and Rebeca Waggoner of Pilot Rock, Oregon. She is currently seeking a nursing degree at George Fox University. Waggoner’s great-great grandfather R.W. Fletcher started the Round-Up Cowboy Mounted Band in 1910; her great-grandfather R.A. (Bob) Fletcher served many years as Chute Boss and was the 1987 Westward Ho! Parade Grand Marshal; her grandfather Robin Fletcher volunteered over 60 years and served on the Round-Up Board of Directors. All three of these patriarchs have been inducted into the Pendleton Round-Up and Happy Canyon Hall of Fame. Her father Allen is a past Happy Canyon Show Director and her mother Rebecca just published a book telling the Happy Canyon story from its inception in 1916. Princess Betsy West is the 20-yearold daughter of Clay and Mary West of Athena, Oregon. Her great-grand father Jack French was a judge in Round-Up’s earliest years, and great-grandmother Ruth Porter Piquet served as Queen in the 1930’s. In 1910 the first rodeo queen anywhere was crowned in Pendleton, at the first Round-Up when Bertha Anger received the title by virtue of being the best ticket seller. The queen and court have always played a key role in pro-

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2016


Conner, Lewis to reign over 2017 Happy Canyon By Miranda Vega Rector of the CUJ

PENDLETON – Cousins Virginia Conner and Gabriella Lewis have been selected as the 2017 Happy Canyon Princesses. Conner is the daughter of Kristen Conner and Kevin Blueback. She is 19 years old is an enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. With plans of going to Blue Mountain Community College in the winter, Conner has also been working at the local Dave’s Chevron, Pendleton Coffee Bean, and as a babysitter. Lewis is the 18-year-old daughter of Kathy and Joe Lewis. She is a full time college student attending Walla Walla Community College. Originally from Spokane, Washington, Lewis is Nez Perce. “Everybody thought they were the best representatives of Happy Canyon,” said Happy Canyon Court Director Kipp Curtis. “They have a rich family history of being involved with Happy Canyon and they both present themselves well and speak well.” For Conner and Lewis, this was their second time interviewing for the honor. Both girls applied for the 2016 Centennial positions that were held by Princesses Appollonia Saenz and Elena Van Pelt. “Not getting selected was a learning experience,” said Conner. “It gave me experience being able to see and watch what Apple got to do and then I got to come back stronger.” “When I found out that I didn’t get it last year, I was really sad,” said Lewis. “But now it was actually way better … I think I was more comfortable.” When Conner got the call from Curtis she was shopping in the store Sephora.

Virginia Conner

Lewis had just finished making a meal with her new rice cooker. Because of the way Curtis began the conversation, each thought for sure he was going to give them bad news but when he didn’t they were ecstatic. “Oh gee, really?” was Conner’s reaction. Conner asked, “Really, are you serious?” “I’m proud of her,” said Virginia’s mom, Kristen. “She’s been working hard at getting along with horses … and she doesn’t hesitate or back off from new

Gabriella Lewis

things.” Gabrielle’s mother, Kathy, said she was excited for her daughter. “She really worked hard – was studying and preparing, getting her outfit ready, getting the horse trappings ready. She planned her schooling situation so in case she got it she would be nearby.” Lewis, who has had several family members reign as Happy Canyon princesses, said she feels it’s in her nature to be royalty as well. “I’ve always been kind of raised to become one … maybe not specifically,

but I had several cousins who have been Happy Canyon Princesses,” said Lewis. “A lot of my aunties would say ‘you have to sit up straight if you want to become princess’ or ‘you have to do this or that to become princess’.” Conner agreed, saying that she, too, had seven or eight cousins who have reigned. Also, both girls have had several parts in the Happy Canyon Pageant and Wild West Show. Conner and Lewis have both acted in the village scene of the show. Conner also has been on horseback and has acted as the bride in the wedding scene. As for which horses they will be riding for the next year, Conner expects to be riding either 20-year-old Roanie or 24-year-old Hero. Lewis plans to ride Miyóx̣at, which means chief or leader in Nez Perce. As part of Conner’s crew, her mom Kristen and aunt Bobby Conner will be standing in as her court parents and taking care of the horse. Her cousin Gus Conner will be in charge of beadwork for her regalia. For Lewis’ crew, her court parents will be Kathy and Joe Lewis. Her cousins Jeremy and Althea Wolf will help with the horses and her brother Kellen will be handling beadwork of her regalia. “You go from just being a regular teenager to being in the spotlight all the time,” said Happy Canyon Director Curtis when speaking on challenges of being a Happy Canyon Princess. “There’s always pressure on you from the community and there’s challenges with that.” His advice – “Be organized and prepared especially for things you didn’t know you were going to do.”

Happy Holidays

from the Board of Trustees of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation December 2016

Confederated Umatilla Journal

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CTUIR Board of Trustees minutes DATE: September 26, 2016 BOT Present: Jeremy Wolf, Vice Chairman; David Close, Secretary; Aaron Ashley, Member; Armand Minthorn, Member; Woodrow Star, Member, Justin Quaempts, Member and Alan Crawford, General Council Chairman. Gary Burke, BOT Chairman on travel status. Rosenda Shippentower, Treasurer, on personal leave for two weeks. Quorum Present. Old Business. Poll Approving ATNI Sponsorship. At a work session conducted on Thursday, September 22, 2016 the BOT agreed to Sponsor ATNI during the Convention being held at Tulalip, WA from September 25-29, 2016 in the amount of $2,500. The Wildhorse Resort & Casino will match the sponsorship amount. Motion to ratify the Poll approving sponsoring ATNI in the amount of $2,500 and Wildhorse Resort & Casino will match the amount, motion carries 6-00. Resolution 16-056: Topic: Weigh Station Salvage Timber Sale. RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees of the Umatilla Indian Reservation hereby approves the advertisement of timber on the Weigh Station Salvage Logging Units; approves the contracts, and authorizes the Chairman of the Board of Trustees to sign the timber sale contracts and other necessary documents on the Weigh Station Salvage Logging Units for and in behalf of the Confederated Tribes. NOW THEREFORE BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED, that the Approving Officer (Superintendent) is authorized to make minor error corrections in the contract without referral to the Board of Trustees provided such corrections do not materially after the form and substance of the contract. AND, that said Resolution has not been modified amended or repealed and is still in full force and effect. DATED this 26th day of September, 2016. Motion carries 6-0-0. Resolution 16-057: Topic: Formation of Umatilla Reservation Telecommunications LLC. RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees approves the “Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation Between the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and the John Day Partnership,” AND BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees authorizes the Chair to sign all necessary documents to enter into this agreement; AND, that said Resolution has not been modified amended or repealed and is still in full force and effect. DATED this 12th day of September, 2016. Motion to defer Resolution until details are clarified during retreat tentatively December, 2016. No second, motion dies. Motion to approve Resolution 16-057. Motion carries 5 for (Armand Minthorn, Woodrow Star, Aaron Ashley, David Close and Justin Quaempts) – 1 against (Alan Crawford) – 0 abstaining. Resolution 16-058: Topic: John Day Partnership MOU. RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees approves the “Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation Between the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and the John Day Partnership,”; AND IT BE FINALLY RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees authorizes the Chair to sign all necessary documents to enter into this agreement; AND, that said Resolution has not been modified amended or repealed and is still

in full force and effect. DATED this 26th day of September, 2016. Motion to adopt Resolution 16-058. Motion carries 5 for (Armand Minthorn, Woodrow Star, Aaron Ashley, David Close and Justin Quaempts) – 1 against (Alan Crawford) – 0 abstaining. Other Board Action: Commission/Committee Update by David Close, BOT Secretary. Cultural -Resources Committee. Received letter of resignation from Jo Marie Tessman. Motion to accept resignation and advertise to complete two year term. Motion carries 6-0-0. -Economic & Community Development Committee, 1 vacancy with 1 application from Jeff Van Pelt. Move to appoint Jeff Van Pelt to complete two year term ending June 9, 2018. Motion carries 6-0-0. -Tiichám Conservation District Board, 2 vacancies with 1 application from Doug Minthorn. Move to reappoint Doug Minthorn for a two year term. Motion carries 5 for (David Close, Armand Minthorn, Woodrow Star, Aaron Ashley and Alan Crawford) -1 against (Justin Quaempts) – 0 abstaining. -Umatilla Culture Coalition, 3 vacancies with two applications from Randall Minthorn and Avery McKay. Move to reappoint Randall Minthorn to two year term and appoint Avary McKay to two year term. Motion carries 6-0-0. Terms Expiring: Rebecca Burke, Gaming Commission, term expires Sept. 24. Kyle McGuire, Science & Technology Committee, term expires Sept. 8. Katherine Minthorn-Goodluck, Tiichám Conservation District, term expires Sept. 8. Raphael Bill, TERO Committee, term expires Oct. 6. Steve Sohappy and Raymond Huesties, Natural Resources Commission, both term expires Oct. 3. Move to send notification to those whose terms are expired and advertise for vacancies including Gaming Commission. Motion carries 6-0-0. Will continue to advertise for: 2 positions Farm Committee-3 year term, meet 2nd th & 4 Tuesday @ 1 pm. 1 position Housing Commission-4 year term, meet 3rd Tuesday @ 9 am. 2 positions Law & Order Committee-2 year term, meet 1st & 3rd Tuesday @ 2 pm. 1 position Tiichám Conservation District-2 year term, meet 2nd & 4th Tuesday @ 1 pm 1 position Umatilla Cultural Coalition (No Stipends)meet as needed. All applications will be due Monday, October 24 by 4:00 pm. A BOT work session will be scheduled Friday, October 28 at 8:30 am to review applications and the BOT will make appointments on Monday, October 31. Discussion on term expirations and appointments. Aaron Ashley, BOT Member noted again that he sees 3 terms that have already expired and just now being brought to the BOT. David Close, BOT Secretary responded yes do have terms that have expired but will schedule a work session where expiring terms to be addressed and changed. Naomi Stacy, Office of Legal Counsel will review the Advisory Code for clarification

PROPERTIES FOR SALE ON RESERVATION r New listing!!! 121.5 acres with 20 acres irrigated pasture, marketable timber and rangeland. Very secluded, ideal for horses, cattle and other livestock. This property is located 20 miles from Pendleton and is on the reservation. $330,000. rmls 16573184. Call Ned Londo for more information 509-386-7541. r Take a look at this buildable 10 acres with great view on the reservation. Close to I-84 with tremendous views of the Blues. Fully fenced and a creek runs thru it!!! All for $133,500. rmsl 11657442. Call Milne for more informaiton 541-377-7787. Clark Jennings & Associates would like to thank all their clients for a successful year and wish everyone a very Merry Christmas.

236 S. Main Street - Pendleton - 541-278-9275

Call Milne for details - 541-377-7787 14A

and report back to the Board of Trustees. Maureen Minthorn, Gaming Commission Inspector said for the record they did request information from BOT Secretary in August about the Becky Burke’s upcoming expiration. Maureen noted they follow a Gaming Code which is different from the Advisory Code. She asked if a motion by the BOT can be made to extend Becky Burke’s term until she is either reappointed or position filled. Move to extend Becky Burke’s position on Gaming Commission until reappointed or filled. Motion carries 6-0-0. BOT Travel Reports. 1) Justin Quaempts, Sept. 1-4 to U of O to attend NAAC meeting at Eugene, OR. 2) Jeremy Wolf gave verbal report on Inslee event. BOT Leave and Travel Requests. 1) Armand Minthorn, Polled travel, Oct. 9-14 to Phoenix, AZ to attend NCAI. 2) David Close, Travel, Sept. 26-27 to The Dalles, to attend OR Hanford meeting. BOT Vice Chair said travel request should have been polled since it was for today at 10am. 3) Jeremy Wolf, Personal leave, Tues. Sept. 27. 4) Woodrow Star Polled travel, Dec. 5-8 to Palm Springs, CA to attend VAWA. Personal leave Oct. 26, Nov. 23 and Dec. 7. DATE: October 3, 2016 BOT Present: Gary Burke, BOT Chairman; Jeremy Wolf, Vice Chairman; David Close, Secretary; Aaron Ashley, Member; Armand Minthorn, Member; Woodrow Star, Member, Justin Quaempts, Member and Alan Crawford, General Council Chairman. Rosenda Shippentower, Treasurer, on personal leave. Old Business. Office of Legal Counsel and Office of Executive Director report on investigation of BOT Secretary’s use of tribal resources. At the Board of Trustees meeting on September 12, 2016 a motion was made and passed that an investigation be conducted by OLC/OED on BOT Secretary’s use of tribal resources. After reading the report David Close, BOT Secretary asked to include OLC and OED to header of report. Justin Quaempts, BOT Member asked for estimated costs referred to in last paragraph of report to be provided at a later date. Motion to accept report and confidential attachment. Motion carries 6 for (Alan Crawford, Aaron Ashley, Woodrow Star, Jeremy Wolf, Armand Minthorn, and Justin Quaempts) – 0 against – 1 abstaining (David Close.) Resolution 16-059: Topic: Sisseton-Wahpeton Distribution. RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees hereby establishes the following rules to govern the distribution of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Settlement proceeds: 1) Eligibility: All persons who are enrolled as members of the Confederated Tribes on November 1, 2016 and who are alive on the date of distribution of the Settlement proceeds shall be eligible to receive a per capita distribution of the Settlement proceeds; Minors: Settlement proceeds shall be distributed to minors as follows: a. The Enrollment Office shall establish and manage a trust account for each minor (“Minor’s Trust Account”) and the distribution to minors shall be deposited in such Minor’s Trust Account; b. All of the minor’s distribution may be withdrawn by the parent(s) or legal guardian(s) of the minor to directly benefit the minor. The Enrollment Office shall use criteria and applications for release of the minor’s distribution currently used for release of gaming dividends held in the minors’ Custodial Trust Accounts; c. The balance of the Minor’s Trust Account, if any, shall be paid to the minor when he/she reaches eighteen (18) years of age. This payment shall occur simultaneous with the payment to the minor of his/her balance in the minor’s Custodial and Rabbi Trust Accounts. d. Interest shall be paid on the balance in the Minor’s Trust Account at the same interest rate paid on the minors’ Custodial and Rabbi Trust Accounts. 3) Incapacitated Adults: Settlement proceeds to a member of the Confederated Tribes that has been designated an incapacitated adult shall be distributed to the incapacitated adult’s legal guardian or other person or entity that has legal authority to manage the financial affairs of the incapacitated adult, which funds shall be used to directly benefit the incapacitated adult; 4)Whereabouts Unknown: Settlement proceeds shall be available to an eligible member of the Confederated Tribes for a period of one year after the date of distribution of the Settlement proceeds. The Tribal Enrollment Office and Finance Department shall use due diligence in attempting to locate persons whose whereabouts are unknown. Any settlement distribution that has not been claimed within the one year period shall be returned to the Confederated Tribes general account; 5) The Settlement distribution shall be seventy five percent (75%) of the Settlement proceeds after payment of attorneys’ fees and financial expert fees; and 6) The Tribal Finance and Enrollment Offices shall ensure that the Sisseton distributions to members of the Confederated Tribes shall occur within ten (10) business days of receipt of the Settlement proceeds by the Confederated Tribes; AND BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees authorizes the Office of the Executive Director to execute necessary documents and to take such further action as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Resolution; AND, that said Resolution has not been modified amended or repealed and is still in full force and effect. DATED this 3rd day of October, 2016. Motion to adopt Resolution 16-059. Motion carries 7-0-0. Resolution 16-060: Topic: Refer Campaign Practice Referral. RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees hereby directs that the Office of Executive Director submit a referral for investigation to the Election Commission concerning election matters contained in the

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Preliminary Report and associated Election documents (Exhibit A) and the Board Secretary’s willful and wanton use of CTUIR resources as unlawful campaign practices prohibited under Section 5.01. including but not limited to the Secretary’s his responses to the Recall Election, his lawsuits to stop the Recall Election; responses to publish to CTUIR membership in responding to the Recall Election; AND, that said Resolution has not been modified amended or repealed and is still in full force and effect. Motion to adopt Resolution 16-060. Aaron Ashley seconds. Discussion: David Close stated for the record “I believe this resolution as well as other resolutions directed at me are ex post facto law that are illegal to put into resolution to charge exiting legal actions”. Motion carries 6 for (Alan Crawford, Aaron Ashley, Woodrow Star, Jeremy Wolf, Armand Minthorn, and Justin Quaempts) – 0 against – 1 abstaining (David Close). Motion that under Article VI Section 5 whenever, in the opinion of a majority of the entire Board of Trustees, any member of the Board of Trustees has been guilty of gross neglect of duty, it shall certify its opinion. Motion carries 6 for (Alan Crawford, Aaron Ashley, Woodrow Star, Jeremy Wolf, Armand Minthorn, and Justin Quaempts) 0 – against – 1 abstaining (David Close). Other Board Action: None. BOT Travel Reports. 1) Aaron Ashley 9/29 ATNI at Tulalip, WA. 2) Alan Crawford 9/29 ATNI at Tulalip, WA. BOT Leave and Travel Requests. 1) Woodrow Star, Travel, Wed. Oct. 5 to Portland to attend flag ceremony at US Attorney Office. DATE: October 17, 2016 BOT Present: Gary Burke, BOT Chairman; Jeremy Wolf, Vice Chairman; Rosenda Shippentower, Treasurer; Justin Quaempts, Acting BOT Secretary, Aaron Ashley, Member; Armand Minthorn, Member; Woodrow Star, Member, and Alan Crawford, General Council Chairman. Full quorum. Old Business. a. Appointment of Acting BOT Secretary. In accordance with its authority under Article VI(1)(e) of the Constitution and Bylaws of the Confederated Tribes, and in response to the vacancy in the Board of Trustees Secretary position created by the Special Election held October 4, 2016, the Board of Trustees hereby designates Justin Quaempts [Board of Trustees Member] to temporarily carry out the duties of the Board of Trustees Secretary as established by the Constitution and Bylaws and all other applicable statutes and policies of the Confederated Tribes. This designation shall take effect immediately and shall continue until the vacancy in the Board of Trustees Secretary positions is duly filled under the laws of the Confederated Tribes. Motion to ratify Poll Appointment of Acting BOT Secretary. Motion carries 7-0-0. Resolution 16-061: Topic: Borrowing and Lending Approve Margin Borrowing and Relending to Cayuse Technologies. RESOLVED, that the internal loan to Cayuse Technologies of $100,000,000 is hereby authorized for a one-time advance as working capital. CTUIR Finance Office will coordinate a principle repayment schedule not to exceed 160 days; AND BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that any interest chargeable to Cayuse Technologies shall be equal to the cost of margin for the amount and period of borrowing; with no interest if repaid within 60 days. Any monthly accrued interest will be payable to CTUIR by the end of the following month; AND BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED, that the Treasurer of the Board of Trustees and the Executive Director are authorized to take all actions necessary to implement policy changes adopted by this resolution. AND, that said Resolution has not been modified, amended, or repealed and is still in full force and effect. DATED this 5th day of October, 2016. Motion to ratify polled Resolution 16-061. motion carries 7-0-0. Resolution 16-062: Topic: Annual Indian Housing Plan. RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees does hereby approve the Housing Department 2017 Indian Housing Plan (attached as exhibit 1) and authorizes the Chairman of the Board of Trustees to sign the required certifications for the plan; NOW, THEREFORE BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees directs the Deputy Executive Director and Housing Department to submit the attached 2017 Indian Housing Plan to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. AND, that said Resolution has not been modified amended or repealed and is still in full force and effect. DATED this 10th day of October, 2016. Motion to adopt Resolution 16-062. Motion carries 7-0-0. Resolution 16-063: Topic: Meacham Creek Bonifer Reach Floodplain Project. RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees hereby authorizes its Chairman to execute any necessary documents to accept all other improvements to the property in lieu of payment; AND BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees directs that the Tribal fee and trust lands within the Project Area shall hereafter be managed consistently with the Confederated Tribes Department of Natural Resources First Foods Mission and River Vision floodplain principles; AND, that said Resolution has not been modified amended or repealed and is still in full force and effect. DATED this 17th day of October, 2016. Other Board Action: None. BOT Travel Reports. 1) Alan Crawford, Oct. 10-16 attended NCAI Conference at Phoenix, AZ. 2) Jeremy Wolf, Oct. 12-13 attended US v. OR negotiations meetings at Portland. BOT Leave and Travel Requests. 1) Alan Crawford, Travel, Dec. 6-9 to Las Vegas, NV to attend CTER Conference. 2) Woodrow Star, Polled travel, Oct. 22 to Portland for OR State Public Health meeting.

December 2016


Re-educating offenders Domestic violence batterers learning about choices they make By the CUJ

MISSION – Domestic violence offenders tend to blame everybody but themselves. They downplay the severity of their acts. They fault the victim. But they also know, when confronted, right from wrong. And that’s why the Batterer Intervention Program, part of the Family Violence Services (FVS) Program for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, is trying to re-educate offenders about the choices they make. Toward that goal, the second three-

year cycle of federal funding specifically earmarked to reach offenders of intimate partner violence has been awarded to the CTUIR through the Violence Against Women Tribal Governments Program. The $662,618 grant – about $220,000 a year – will be used to pay for the CTUIR Batterer Intervention Program facilitator,

which is Josh Hughes, as well as a Special Victims Criminal Investigator (see other story). The CTUIR is one of five Oregon tribes, plus the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, to receive a total of $4.2 million for six different Justice Department grant programs.

‘We have to re-educate them, provide the tools so they can learn where the behavior came from and to help them understand that it’s not acceptable.’ Josh Hughes, Batterers Program facilitator

The CTUIR batterer program averages two women and ten men, according to Desireé Coyote, manager of the FVS program. The average age of the women is mid-30s; the men range from 28 to 40. Of the 10 men in the program over the last two years, six completed the full year; one of the two women completed the class. The majority were Native Americans, but not all were enrolled CTUIR and some were non-Indians. They have been convicted of intimate partner violence and have been court-ordered, as part of probation, to attend the batterer intervention program. Should Re-educating offenders on page 22A

Grant will hire special criminal investigator MISSION – Changing the behavior of domestic violence offenders who grew up considering family aggression as part of everyday life isn’t easy, but a $662,618 grant from the U.S. Department of Justice will help continue that effort for another three years. The Family Violence Services Program (FVS) for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) was one of five Oregon tribes to receive funding under the Violence Against Women Tribal Governments Program, which is a Justice Department program. The money will be used here for two purposes: to employ a special victims criminal investigator and a batterer intervention facilitator (Josh Hughes), ac-

December 2016

cording to Desireé Coyote, FVS program manager. The new special victim criminal investigator must be filled after Tribal Police Officer Tony Barnett, who was in that position, lost his peace officer certification and recently terminated. Barnett’s dismissal had nothing to do with his work in the FVS program for the Tribes. In fact, said Coyote, Barnett’s special “follow up” work on intimate partner sexual assault cases and elder abuse led to several criminal convictions. One in particular stands out: The arrest of a Hermiston man on sex trafficking charges began with an investigation Tribal Police of a sexual assault case. Barnett took over for a more

intensive look at the case in which the non-Tribal vitim lived on the reservation, where the crime took place, but the offender lived in Pendleton. Barnett’s investigation on the reservation took him to Pendleton Policy Department. In that case, the victim had heard her assailant bragging about what he had done to other women. She remembered names. The special investigator followed up on the names and the matter turned into a sex trafficking case. Pendleton Police and the FBI became involved before the offender was arrested in town and charged with a state crime. While not revealing the specifics of the investigation, Umatilla Tribal Police Chief Tim Addleman said that Barnett

Confederated Umatilla Journal

initiated the investigation, and also played an important role in bringing the suspect out of a house on Northwest Ninth Street. “Because of the fact that he went into a residence that he was reportedly staying at, we had a barricaded situation,” the chief said. “He didn’t want to come out, and through Det. Barnett’s efforts, he was able to talk him out and surrender to us.” “Without him (special investigator Barnett) we probably never would have known about the extent of this case,” Coyote said. In addition to police duties, the special investigator is tasked with training other law enforcement officers along the way.

15A


Veterans pay tribute to their own through fog and rain Area veterans, including the Yakama Nation, participated in Veterans Day activities Nov. 11 at Nix Ya Wii Warriors Memorial on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. In addition to a flag ceremony, a rifle brigade, drumming and singing at the Warrior’s Memorial, the day included a grand entry into the Longhouse and lunch. CUJ photo/Dallas Dick

CTUIR veterans Treaty Signers Ya Ca Los Na Kas Stop cha yeou He you shi kikt Sha wa way Tam cha key Te na we na cha Whe la chey She yam na kon Ha yoma kin Johnson Pe tum ya num mox mox Peo Peo Mox Mox Mee a nee teet (Pierre) We yat ta nat tee ma nee Wenap snoot Kat matz pa lu Stik Khush Howlish Wampoo Five Crows Stocheania Te well kate ma nee Lin tinmet cheania Pe na cheanit Watus te ma ty Qua chin Keantoan U wait Quiack Tilch a waix La ta chin Kach Rolich Kanocey Som na howlish Ta we way Ha hats ma chea pus Mu Howlish

Indian Wars Wep tsih Victor Williams Ya tin a witz Pops time o wa Pe na wa sa kown Sut tox mathew Wat is kow kow Shap lish (Charlie) Pat se wa Chief Jim Kanine Shup ta ka ween Uma pie ma Chief Jim Badroads Qua ka kite Quig soot Pelio Dick Pio Twa ka kite He Wanghk Tok’Lo’Ki’ Umashat Cut Mouth John Cas Cas Camp Henry Charlie Gum Coat Pe li lio Donald McKay James Slickpoo Chief “No Shirt” Robinson Minthorn Tipyahlahnah kaps kaps Wahlitits Jackson Sundown James Fish Hawk Anch’Kuppi Yellipet How lish ta mow nin (Red) Hin ma toy ya la kookt Tin’tin’Meet’se How’lish’wam’ poo

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Sakh’sakh’ or Tsones Ka’ow’poo Toma’sin’li’wit Ollokut Ko’ta’tams Sarpsis ilpilp Jum Gyer Capt. Sump’kin

WWI Louis Van Pelt Victor Johnley Gilbert Edward Conner Wilbur Minthorn Clarence L Gagnon Fred A Bushman Roy McIntyre Grover Minthorn Joseph Paul Perry Issac B Patrick John Thomas Phillip “Wild Bill” Bill Daniel White Ray Picard Peter Oliver Moses McBean Andrew Jackson Harle Robey

WWII Michael A. Olsen Frank Marion Morrisette, III Wesley Morrisette Raymond Thomas Burke Charles Edward Oleson Martin L. Ricks Charles Morrisette Thomas Bushman Daniel McBean Armond Joseph Lavadour Francis A Lavadour Richard Lawyer Glen Lewis Sr. David Peter Lloyd Henry Luton William “Chief Blackhawk” Minthorn Dwayne Elliot Conner Russell A. Carden Ralph K. Minnick Daniel Motanic Henderson F. Patawa James C Penny Everett James Orton Augustine Bill (Spouse) Robert H. Chadsey Samuel Joseph Luton Harold Simpson Wallace O. Parr Jewel C. Sams Pershing A. Sams John S. Sams Marion J. Sherburn Virgil M. Sherburn James N. Showaway Leonard Thomas Cree Percy Alger Brigham Edward Frank Sams Henry Alfred Bushman David Stephen Hall Verl A. Allen Marrietta Craig Wannessey Lawrence Lewis Norwood Forrest Wilford St. Denis Edgar Thomas Simpson Normal J. Rainville Leonard E. Wilson Gilbert Cecil Conner Alfred C. Parr Elias John Quaempts Robert T. Perry

from Indian Wars and Treaty Signers to World Wars and peacetime soldiers

Viola Rita Penny Wocatsie Alvin Joseph Bushman Gary N. Sams Edwin J Rainville Jasper J. Shippentower Sr. Frank L. Reed Walter H. Reed Leland J. Rondeau Harle Robey Chester Archie Sampson Charles Francis Sams Sr. Herbert N. Ghangraw Archie Bushman Edward E. Gray Lawrence John Sampson Maurice Andrew Webb Emery Andrew Bergevin Wally Francis Wak Wak John Wahsise John Graham Fredrick L. Gray Betty Bergevin (Garvey) Moses Van Pelt Matthew George George Guyer Alphonse Franchot Halfmoon Cornelius Thomas Tawatoy David Anthony Halfmoon Nathan Raymond Dick Sr. Edward Spino Louis Paul Spino George Gray Douglas F. Wilson Denward L. Bergevin Fay Christopher Allen Duane M Duffy Mathew Duffy Marvin R. Duffy Robert V. Yeakel David Wolf Sr Ferman Ghangraw Elzie Byron Farrow Willie Francis Shippentower Robert Vernon Farrow Ralph A. Farrow Jr Warren “Goose” Williams Joseph M Forrest Wayne Joseph Williams JR Victor S. Williams Lester Williams David Wesley Eagleton Lawrence C. Picard John Kitson Wendell Labrache Eldon H. Lacourse Norman Lacourse Arthur E. Campbell Edward Cornoyer Eugene L. Picard John F. Slickpoo Jessie P. Picard Leander Kipp Roland Amity Picard Jack S. Pierce Michael Arthur Pierce Lawrence E. Bergevin Albert Brouillard, Jr. Franklin Wayne Lafave John Sampson Charles Miller Phillip L Bill Jr Delorm Cornoyer Julius Martin Hall Stephan H Handran Fredrick J Hart Raymond Hart, Sr. Thomas Anthony Sheoships William Hung Joseph T. Johnson James Hunt Henry W. Johnson Clair P. Sams Kenneth Elwood Bill

Walter Pond Lloyd O. Wannassay Sanford Shelton James Gaylord Larue Jefferson, Jr. Arthur J. Crowley Mose Showaway Peter Hung Jr

Korea

Wendall J. Hayes Wilson Totus Willard B. Hart Richard A. Parr Alphonse Shippentower Vern McKay Ronald Parr Ivan Ignatius Bill Wallace E. Parr Larry Irvin Parr Glen Williams Raymond Totus William Herman Burke Carl Donald Sampson Marvin L. Picard Denny Williams Leroy F. Franklin Justin C. Vincent Richard Thomas Shillal Bryson G. Liberty Gerald W. Reed Leslie E. Minthorn Alvin Minthorn Phillip Minthorn Sr Marvin Patrick Sr. Clarence Sidney Mills David Arlen Franklin George Arnold Patrick James J. Miles Jr Richard James Moomaw Ronald Halfmoon Francis James “Foy” Wilson David Dean McKay Jr Cecil I. Thompson Wayne L Sampson Clifford I. Sampson Arthur R. Johnson Willie Johnley Donald Joe Richard M Sams Glen Wyman Lewis Jr. Russell L. Carter Paul Richard Brisbois Richard Burke, Jr Norman Joseph Conner Ivan K. Nicely

Vietnam Fred M Turk Alvin L. Picard Mark Thomas Alexander Marcus Louis Luke Sr. Robert A. Shippentower Marion Arnold Kipp Vernon James Guardipee Eugene Anthony Carter Matthew Steven Farrow Sr. Dale E. Brisbois Marvin Randolph Burke Leo Wayne Sampson Randy Ray Bonifer Paul Anthony Jones David Wolfe Jr. Daniel J. Brigham Leon D. Sheoships Charles Allen Parr Raymond “Butch” Clark Jr. Virgil Dale Bronson Woodrow Wilson Star Jr. Leo Sam Stewart Orville John Sheoships Alan James Crawford

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Charles Walter Jones Wayne Arthur Van Pelt Reginald D. Van Pelt Arthur James McConville Jr. Gerald W. Nanegos Charles Francis Sams Jr. Kenneth Loius Crane Kenneth Wilbur Williams JR Michael James Farrow John Arthur Sams Edward John McFarland David W. Turk Benjamin Bearchum JR Joseph Ghangraw Byron A. “Tony” Gould Michael Halfmoon Earl Erwin “Taz” Conner Donald Aaron Jackson Peter William James Reginald R. Johnson Roland A. Lavadour Nathan Raymond Dick II Edward Crowe Michael E. Lavadour Theordore Joseph Martineau Brady Leroy Mills James Volney Mills Darwin James Moe Gerald Dean Moe Charles Winston Murr Clifford Carson Picard Richard Alfred Picard Bruce Bearchum Sandra D. Robinson James Daniel Clark Fredrick Louis Davis

Golf War Edward Joseph Lewis David J Taylor Freddy War Bonnet Herrera Kipp-Soots-pa- ouyen Lewis Clay C. Christensen Kenton M. Minthorn William Ray Herrera Alvin B. Van Pelt Jr Lora Lee Burns Steven Anthony Winn Charles Francis Sams III Christian Charles Dearing Lindsay Xavier Watchman Ryan Adam Svoboda Micheal Leslie Minthorn Cameron Jacob Sheoships Lance Martin Jones Jason Butler

OEF/OIF

(Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi War)

Thomas James Ochoa-Bettles Lucas T. White Ashley Wolf Derek Andrew Gavin Justin Matthew Yeager Erick Sheoships Camille Melissa Spino James Joshua Halfmoon Fasthorse William Christopher Halfmoon Derek Ray Patu- Munoz

Peacetime Antone C. Minthorn Farren Dean “Jinks” Minthorn Robert Michael Gordon Arlene Tino Wannasay William Dwight Johnson Calvin B. Shillal LeeRoy James Henry Leo Thomas Moomaw

April Laginette Shell Richard Jay Moomaw Clifford Robert (Punky) Pond Melvin Mose Picard Emmett S. Sheoships Arnold F. Lavadour Jr Stephen Sohappy Vincent Anthony Wannassay Kurt Bearchum Mark James Martineau Stephen John Ganuelas Elizabeth “Constance” Skanen (Halfmoon) Raymond L. Shippentower Allan Dustin Towner Brian Patrick Conner Jolynne McKay David Dean McKay III Daniel Picard Arthur Randolph Picard Clayton Mathew Eastwood Thomas “Kaknish” Morning Owl Fermore Joseph Craig Sr. Alan David Harris Ross W. Simmons Francis Shillal Timothy Arlen Dale Wannassay Robert Lee Horn Sr. Victor Barkley Desiree Coyote Wayne Forrest Barnes Henry Barnhart Arthur Louis Heay Joseph Alvin Bushman Eli Kineu Harris Richard Burke, Sr Lori Dawn SiJohn Stanley Pearson Alexander Geffery Homer Malcolm Minthorn Robert Frederick Fossek Walter Price Farrow Roger L. Bonifer Orval Curtis Kipp Louie H. Dick Jr Charles A. Webb Leslie Lee Alexander John Lloyd Brown Leroy Vincent Bushman Everett James Ghangraw Phillip E Minthorn Daniel Robert Red Elk SR Amos Walter Pond Douglas Eugene Olsen Lonnie Albert Wolf James Elwood Bill Ronald Anthony Fossek Johnson Michael Jackson Sidney Arthur Williams Daniel G Craig Jr Steven Thomas Quaempts Anna Louise Sheoships Thomas Peter Shillal Leroy Lawrence Williams Clifford Brian Stanger Emmett F. Williams Anthony Wayne McClain

Unknown Orville David Perry Anthony Louis Van Pelt Howard Luton Joseph Nelson Shippentower David Dean McKay Patrick Luke Mabel Sheoships (Spouse) Gaylord Larue Jefferson JR Leo Sampson Edward James Jesse Alan Zunke Lillian Minnie Spino (Spouse) Henderson Patawa

December 2016


Secretary election Continued from page 1A

Following the election, Close blamed large family voting blocs and a “government public relations campaign” for the recall. He thanked his supporters who “stood up for the tribes’ integrity and accountability.” Tribal member Terrie Brigham, a fisher on the Columbia River who lives in Cascade Locks, filed the recall petition in May, but it likely was other matters that occurred late in the year that led to the recall outcome. In September, an investigation by the Office of Legal Counsel, at the request of the BOT, found that Close had been misusing tribal equipment, had filed lawsuits after being told by the Board not to, and had not fulfilled obligations related to his duties as Secretary. Further, the findings showed that Close used a key-card in an attempt to enter after hours the Office of Legal

Counsel, the Department of Children and Family Services, and Tribal Court. Voting will be by paper ballot or by absentee ballot. Absentee ballot request forms are available on the CTUIR website (ctuir.org) or an Election Commission member may mail, email or hand you the request form. If you are unable to vote in person, your absentee ballot request form must be received by Jan. 24, 2017. You may submit your absentee ballot in the Ballot Box at the Nixyaawii Governance Center, but it must be received by 8 p.m. on Feb. 7, 2017. For more information, contact any Election Commission member: Andrea Hall, chair; Christina Barkley, vice-chair; Tami Rochelle, secretary/treasurer; and members Doris Scott, Esther Huesties, Kelly Long, Maggie Sheoships and Michelle Shippentower. An email address is electioncommission@ctuir.org or call the mainline for the CTUIR at 541-2763165.

Merry Christmas & Happy New Year

New Year’s Eve Sobriety Pow Wow starts at 6 MISSION – A New Year’s Eve Sobriety Pow Wow will be held Dec. 31 at the Longhouse. It will sponsored by the New Beginning Coalition and Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center’s prevention programs. Dinner will be served at 6 p.m. and the pow wow dancing will go from 7 p.m. to midnight. Before the New Year, everyone will partake in the sobriety year-end countdown.

December 2016

Throughout the evening there will be featured dances such as the owl dance and the circle dance. Games will include a candy filled piñata, Sweep Your Tipi, NDN Pictionary, and a tissue box chicken dance. Contests will also be held for makeshift regalia and a serenade song using the hand drum. For further details, call Marcy MoodyPicard at 541-215-1941.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

from

Pendleton, OR

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Re-educating offenders Continued from page 11A

they fail to meet the requirements of the probation they face graduated sanctions that could include days in jail. If they violate probation an offender could be sent back to jail. One such offender currently is serving a year in the county jail. Offenders are terminated from the program for any act of violence. Intimate partner violence can take myriad forms, ranging from a slight push to strangulation to stalking. Josh Hughes, facilitator for the program, said offenders must be re-educated from a lifetime of learned behaviors and choices that have been normalized in homes for generations. “We have to re-educate them, provide the tools so they can learn where the behavior came from and to help them understand that it’s not acceptable,” Hughes said. Accountability must be an individual matter, but it also comes through peer accountability in the group and in the community. “It’s important for the community not to be afraid to go up and say this is what you’ve done to us,” Hughes said. “Everybody knows what’s right and wrong. When they know what’s right and wrong they can start to make amends. When they don’t clam up they can talk about violence. They can stand up and say this is what I’ve done and what I will do in the future.” Coyote said it is the goal of the intervention meetings that offenders are held accountable in their actions and words to themselves, to their family and community, and to each other. A unique dynamic occurs during the meetings as the year progresses, Hughes said. “They call each other out,” he said, pointing out when one man constantly was forgetting to bring in his notes and reports, or was late. “They sat across from one another and asked him why he was acting that way. They told him he owed them an explanation, that he was disruptive and disrespectful when he came in 15 minutes late. When they first come into group they are resistant and sit in the corner. But typically after a few months they get to the point where they are comfortable enough to be outspoken,” Hughes said. Hughes and Coyote agreed the intervention meetings are not just about domestic violence but also include values and beliefs. Accountability is accountability no matter the issue. “We address what they’ve done throughout the 52 weeks,” Hughes said.

“They admit what they’ve done to the group and they aren’t trying to hide it and some have a hard time owning up to it.” One of the common remarks among offenders, Hughes said, is that he or she grew up witnessing it. “They say they grew up watching their auntie [mom, dad, grandparents] suffering, grew up knowing to go in the next room. They were never taught it was wrong. That’s a problem across the nation. It’s a learned behavior, same as you’re taught to go to work or go to school,” Hughes said. Can the program be measured in terms of success? “Many times attitudes from the time they begin to the time they graduate are a 100 percent switch in wanting to change in their own life, but I wouldn’t know how to define success in an offender,” said Coyote. “I believe we can give them new tools to work with and hope they put them in use for the community and with new or past relationships. Said Hughes, “It’s not about successfully completing the program, it’s a matter of what you do with what you’ve learned.” Along with the CTUIR and Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon, the Coquille Indian Tribe, and the Klamath Tribes received the grants, which target unique aspect of public safety and the administration of justice in tribal communities, including community-oriented policing, alcohol and substance abuse, violence against women, corrections and correctional alternatives, and juvenile justice, according to a news release from the Department of Justice. “Research shows that tribal communities live with disproportionate rates of violence and victimization,” said Billy J. Williams, U.S. Attorney for the District of Oregon. “The awards are a positive step toward ensuring that all Oregonians have access to community justice programs that are adequately funded, effective, and culturally relevant.” More than 130 grantees across the United States received funding under the Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS) program, which provides a single application for tribal-specific grant programs and aims to streamline support provided by its Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, Office of Justice Programs, and Office on Violence against Women. Since 2010, under CTAS, more than 1,600 grants totaling more than $726 million have been awarded to tribal communities across the country.

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December 2016


Kayak Public Transit offering bus service in Hermiston By Jade McDowell of the East Oregonian

HERMISTON - The Hermiston City Council approved a contract with the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation on Nov. 14 to begin the service on Jan. 2. Under the contract, Kayak Public Transit will provide a fixed-route bus service free to any member of the public for at least 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday through Friday. The route will loop through Hermiston once each hour, stopping in residential neighborhoods as well as grocery stores, medical clinics and government buildings. The bus will also provide doorstop service for qualifying disabled residents who cannot reach a bus stop on their own but live within three-fourths of a mile of a stop. “This is a great start,” city councilor Rod Hardin said. “It’s something that’s been needed here for years.” The city expects to spend $125,000 on the first six months to get the system up and running, then apply for federal 5311 transportation funding that CTUIR planning director J.D. Tovey told the council he doesn’t “see any reason” would be withheld. If those funds come in and other projections hold true the city expects to spend an estimated $150,000 per year to subsidize both the bus system and the city’s taxi ticket program for senior and disabled residents. Mayor David Drotzmann said fiscal conservatives might question why the city would not charge for bus rides. But Tovey said Kayak Public Transit currently has a ridership of 80,000 per year and has calculated that it would not be cost-effective to charge riders until it hit 250,000 per year due to the rules of the tribal transit grant that funds the majority of the system. “Any income we take in counts against that grant,” he said. He said routes and schedules will be found on the CTUIR’s website for now, but they are also working on a separate website and a mobile app that would allow riders to use GPS to track where the bus is and when it will next arrive at a stop. Assistant city manager Mark Morgan said the city would love to add more hours to the bus schedule but for now this is what it can afford. He said some people had questioned why the route did not start earlier or end later to accommodate the work day, but pointed out that many Hermiston residents without cars do shift work. The Wal-Mart Distribution Center, Hermiston’s largest employer, runs shifts from 5 a.m. to 3 p.m. and 3 p.m. to 1 a.m. for example. He said the city has surveyed taxi ticket riders the past three years and has discovered that more than half of their rides take place in the afternoon, and two thirds of rides are either to Wal-Mart or Good Shepherd Medical Center. Morgan said one in five Hermiston residents live in a “food desert” at least one mile away from a grocery store, and those people are disproportionately Hispanic residents living on the west side of town. The bus system can help them get to the store without carrying groceries

December 2016

more than a mile. Councilors and the mayor said they were excited to see the system finally come to fruition after years of work. Doug Primmer said gathering input from the community and working with the transit advisory committee that put together the recommendation was “the best process I’ve ever been involved with.” “Where else are you going to get this much bang for this much buck?” he asked. The council voted unanimously to approve the contract with the CTUIR. This story was published in the East Oregonian on Nov. 14, 2016.

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News & Sports The monthly newspaper of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation ~ Pendleton, Oregon

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B

December 2016

Nixyaawii boys at practice, left to right, Anthony Matamoros, Jessy Church, James Penney, Wilbur Oatman, D’Andre Rodriguez, Chanler Case and Joseph St. Pierre. Below, Shayin Jones Hoisington dribbles toward the hoop.

Nixyaawii boys young, inexperienced

Sunshine Fuentes, one of five returners, is guarded by freshman Tristalynn Melton, during practice in early December.

By the CUJ Junior Kaitlynn Melton will be called upon to do the “dirty work” as a rebounder, but she’ll be expected to post up inside more this year. The team has an iron five and is looking for a sixth player, which could be Kaitlynn’s younger sister, Tristalynn, shown above.

CUJ photos/Phinney

NCS girls return five starters By the CUJ

MISSION – With three of their starters back, including last year’s first team all-state guard, the Nixyaawii Community School girls’ basketball team should be considered a contender at Baker City again in February. The team lost state caliber player post Desiree Maddern and long-range assassin Alyssa Farrow to graduation after taking third in the Class 1A state tournament last year. But the ball looks to be bouncing right again for the Golden Eagles. “Our starting five are as good as anybody in the state,” said Coach Jeremy Maddern, who has a habit of starting every year with exuberance and outspoken confidence.

And at the risk of jinxing them, the girls should get through the Old Oregon League with needing not much more than a Band-Aid if any bandages at all. But there are a couple of big howevers here. First, the squad has a strong group of five, but the sixth man hadn’t really been identified as the first game in Douglas County loomed Dec. 2. Second, fouls. And third, exhaustion. That sixth man, and seventh and eighth, are needed when one or two of those first five find themselves in foul trouble or just get gassed. Plus, the team is carrying only nine players and four are freshmen with little experience on a basketball court. As a remedy, at least to start the season, the girls

MISSION – Watching the boys from Nixyaawii Community School practice basketball it’s clear fans won’t be watching the same caliber squad as last year’s team that took third at the Class 1A state tournament in Baker City. That doesn’t mean they won’t play just as hard though, said Coach Shane Rivera. “We’ll run the same stuff, same idea, but different personnel. It’s a young group and we’re not as talented as we were,” Rivera said. “We have to play to our strengths and around the pitfalls of eligibility.” Already one potential starter, by OSAA rule, has to wait until January to suit up because of an F in his final term last year. Still, Rivera said, if the group plays to its potential, it could at a point challenge some of the top teams in the Old Oregon League. That probably won’t be Joseph and Powder Valley, squads that not only return most of last year’s terms, but likely will be vying for state championships. The toughest game for Nixyaawii, Rivera said, won’t be a conference game. It will be against Lapwai in a tournament on the Nez Perce Reservation Dec. 20-21. “That will be the best team we play all year,” Rivera said. At any rate, the squad for the most part is a big question mark with a very tall X factor. Senior Chandler Case at 6 foot, 7-inches could be a game changer, Rivera said. But Chandler needs to play big to do that. “There aren’t too many 6-7s in 1A. We want him to work on playing more inside, to go to the basket no matter what. If he goes to the rim he could have 10 points and 10 rebounds every game. He’d be a double-double

Nixyaawii girls on page 2B

Merry Christmas & a Happy New Year

Nixyaawii boys on page 3B


Nixyaawii girls Continued from page 1B

State Class 2A Volleyball Champions included, from left, assistant coach KC Ashley, assistant coach Debra Sheard, Hailey Weaver, Tiah Benedict, Alyssa Finifrock, Ali Schroeder, manager Max Websterw, Chelsea Quaempts, Bryce Thul, Sarah Finifrock, Bailey Hillmick, Head Coach Shawn White, Sara Von Borstel, and Maddi Muilenburg.

Weston-McEwen girls bring state volleyball title home to Athena The Weston-McEwen TigerScot volleyball team, which included Chelsea Quaempts, won the Class 2A state championship with a straight set victory over Imbler Nov. 5. Weston-McEwen went into the state tournament ranked number five but whipped number 4 Bonanza and number 1 Culver before slapping thirdranked Imbler in three straight. Quaempts put up impressive championship stats, including one fourth of team’s defensive digs (13 of 52) and 19 serve receives. During the season Quaempts made her presence known throughout the league and then during the state rounds as one of best diggers in Class 2A play. She had games with double digit digging games against bigger schools like Baker, Stanfield and Heppner, but she really turned it on in the final four games of the state rounds. She had 17 against East Linn Christian Academy, 20 against Bonanza, 18 against Culver, and 13 in the title match against Imbler.

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won’t be pressing or trapping from the end line. “I think we’ll be playing more of a halfcourt game because of the foul situation, at least until we find more depth,” Maddern said. “We’ll look to run when we can, but we don’t plan to press or trap. We’ll stay in half-court defensively.” Junior Mary Stewart, a prolific scorer and rebounder who is just as strong dishing the ball to open teammates, will lead the squad. Senior Sunshine Fuentes, who was a first all-league player also recognized for her play at the state tournament, will be inside. She’s tenacious. Senior Stacy Fitzpatrick and junior Kaitlynn Melton, both rebounders and midrange shooters, will continue to do the “dirty work” from about 12 feet out to the bucket. Last year Melton was kind of invisible (but effective) sneaking in on the baseline for rebounds, but Coach Maddern wants her to post up more this season. Finishing out the quintet is the speedy junior Ella Mae Looney who is the team’s best defender. Maddern hopes to see Looney get behind defenders to take those passes from Stewart. “She’s going to draw their best player on defense every game,” Maddern said. Four freshmen make up the rest of the roster. That’s right – no sophomores. One of those youngsters needs to take on that sixth man responsibility. More than likely it’s going to Tristalynn Melton, Kaitlynn’s sister. The other three freshmen are Tyanna Broncheau, Kylie Mountainchief and Susie Patrick. The team opens at the Cougar Classic in Douglas County. One of the teams at the tournament will be Country Christian, the squad Nixyaawii lost to in the semi-finals at state last year. The girls open their Old Oregon League at Wallowa on Dec. 16.

Sunridge announces top 10 students for October PENDLETON – Sunridge Middle School honored ten students for Native American Student of the Month in October. Students who received acknowledgement are as follows: Sixth grade – Richard Huesties, and Saint Schimmel. Seventh grade – Clara Sams, and Joseph Simpson. Eighth grade – Tucker Zander, Allyson Maddern, Celia Farrow, Magi Moses, Courtney Herrera, and Kyra Jackson.

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December 2016


Kansas City Chiefs, local Indian community addressing nickname issues KANSAS CITY, Mo. (AP) - The Kansas City Chiefs are collaborating with the American Indian Community Working Group to address concerns that some of their traditions are considered insensitive to Native Americans. The organizations first got in touch about three years ago, when there was a renewed national push for the Washington Redskins to change their nickname. Recently, the Chiefs and the group, which works as a liaison with the Native American community, began to work more closely together. Several events were planned before the Chiefs’ game against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers on Sunday in observance of American Indian Heritage Month. Creg Hart, a Cheyenne spiritual leader, performed the Blessing of the Four Directions, and Cheyenne ceremonial

leader George Curtis Levi performed a blessing ceremony and honor song. The Buddy Bond Color Guard of the Cheyenne-Arapahoe Tribes presented the colors for the national anthem, which was performed by the Chickasaw Nation Youth Choir. The Chiefs’ nickname was chosen through a fan contest when the team relocated from Dallas. While many fans chose it based on its Native American connection, it was also chosen in homage to then-Kansas City Mayor H. Roe Bartle - whose own nickname was ``The Chief.’’ The team has phased out many pregame events that have included Native American iconography over the years. A ceremonial war drum is still beaten by a fan prior to kickoff and fans continue to wave their arms in the ``tomahawk chop.’’

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Nixyaawii boys Continued from page 1B

machine,” Rivera said. Other returners with some varsity experience include senior Jessy Church, junior Wilbur Oatman, and sophomores Deven Barkley, Thomas Bushman and James Penney. Three upper class transfers are on the roster. Juniors Noah Enright, who played junior varsity at Pendleton High School last year, and Joseph St. Pierre, who also played at PHS; and Shayden Jones Hoisington, who attended school in Pilot Rock last year. Senior Anthony Matamoros hasn’t

Two cited for poaching big muley FOSSIL, Oregon — Two men were charged for unlawfully killing a trophy mule deer buck with a 4-by-6 rack in Wheeler County. Oregon State Police reports it happened on Oct. 27 at about 6:30 p.m. when Erland Suppah Sr., 69, of Warm Springs, Oregon and Oscar Finley, 40, of Wapato, Washington unlawfully shot the trophy buck on private property without permission during closed season — and to top it off, they shot the animal from a highway

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played school basketball for a couple of years but he’s sturdy and fast so he’ll probably see a lot of floor time. Rivera considers three boys newcomers. Jayden Bryant, a transfer from Helix, is one of two sophomores; the other is Deontae Johnson. Two freshmen are D’Andre Rodriguez and Joseph Simon. Following the two-day Cougar Classic in Douglas County, Nixyaawii plays games against Class 2A Stanfield Dec. 12 and Class 2A Pilot Rock Dec. 13. Play in the Old Oregon League begins at Wallowa Dec. 16.

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Sunshine Fuentes reigns as Queen at Nixyaawii Golden Eagles Homecoming Nixyaawii Community School celebrated its Homecoming at Pilot Rock High School on Sept. 30 during a game against Enterprise. In photo, left to right, is Noah Enright and Senior Queen Sunshine Fuentes, Martin Gallegos and Senior Princess Skylar Bill, Tyler Newsome and Junior Princess Kaitlynn Melton, Deven Barkley and Sophomore Princess Alyssa Tonasket, Isaiah Pacheco and Freshman Princess Tristalynn Melton. CUJ photo/Dallas Dick

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Youth Council to elect new officers at summit Dec. 27-28 MISSION – A summit and elections for the Youth Leadership Council of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation is scheduled for Dec. 27-28 at the Nixyaawii Governance Center beginning at 10 a.m. and ending at 3 p.m. The day will commence with registration and breakfast beginning at 9 a.m. There will be guest speakers as well as fun activities that will include ice breakers and team-building exercises. Students from middle school through high school who are enrolled in a federally recognized tribe are encouraged to attend the event. Some of the accomplishments that the Youth Council had in 2016 included participating in a “Native Julianah Matamoros is handing off a football to Ella Stewart Vote Counts” video, rep- during the Jan. 2016 summit . Standing in line behind Stewart resenting Native youth by is Dorothy Cyr, Alex Nino, Vincent Sheoships, Moses Moses, Lennox Lewis, and Magi Moses. welcoming students from For further questions, contact the Japan, and participating in summer camps such as Native Wellness Department of Children and Family Services at 541-429-7300. Warriors and THRIVE.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2016


Bounc’n Cancer fundraiser games scheduled for Dec. 29-30 ECHO – Expenses associated with cancer treatment can become costly. That’s why the Nixyaawii Community School is once again organizing the Bounc’n Cancer basketball fundraiser event on Dec. 29-30 to be played at the high school gym in Echo. The event will begin at 3 p.m. on both days with a $5 entry fee. Varsity girls and boys basketball teams will include the Nixyaawii Golden Eagles, the Echo Cougars, the Dufur

Rangers, and the South Wasco Redsides. Interested businesses or community members also can donate raffle items such as gift baskets and gift certificates or they can make a monetary donation. Any business that donates $100 or more will have their name highlighted with an ad in the program. For this to be made possible, all logos must be submitted no later than Dec. 23 in an electronic format. All monetary donations and money raised will be made available to local cancer patients through the organization “Your Friend in Pamela Faye.” For donations and logo arrangements, contact Aaron Noisey at 541-379-9590 or bouncncancer@gmail.com

NCS recognizes 26 students’ achievements for Native American Heritage Month MISSION – In recognition of Native American Heritage Month, the Nixyaaawii Community School (NCS) recognized students for their achievements. Students are nominated by the school staff as well as by the language teachers who work for the Education Department of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Students can be recognized for a variety of things including special achievement, work ethic, and leadership. “Our staff chooses the students they feel have gone above and beyond,” said Principal Ryan Heinrich in an email. “We hope the recognition will spark others to try harder to achieve their goals.” This year, students were recognized with awards at the school’s Thanksgiving Feast, which was Nov. 22 at the Longhouse. Roughly 60 students, staff, parents, and volunteers were in attendance and Fermore Craig Senior gave the opening prayer. “Students need to be recognized for a job well done,” said Heinrich. The following is a list of students who were recognized along with their accomplishments:

• EllaMae Looney - Ambassador of the Year, Cay-Uma-Wa Mentor, Golden Eagles Wings

Dance Group for Native American Heritage Month, Pendleton Culture Exchange Program, Exchange Student at Minamisoma, Japan; First Impressions: Nixyaawii Art Student- Maryhill Museum in Goldendale, Wash., Nixyaawii Student: Explorations in Printmaking at Crow’s Shadow Institute of the Arts in Pendleton, Ore.; Artworkz at Tamastslikt Cultural Institute in Pendleton, Ore., and Kanaine Clothing Model. • Kaitlynn Melton - Junior Class Representative, College Horizons Participant at Lawrence University in Appleton, Wis. • Ermia Butler -, Outstanding work ethic, polite, insightful and a pleasure to have in class. • Tyanna VanPelt - Excellence in Science. • Deven Barkley - Excellence in Golden Eagle Wings Drum and Dance Group. • Austin Ancheta - Outstanding Native Language Student: Umatilla language. • Lexi Bronson - Outstanding Native Language Students: Nez Perce language. • Anthony Matamoras - Outstanding Native Language Students: Nez Perce language. • D’ Andre Rodriguez - Outstanding Native Language Student: Walla Walla. • Deontae Johnson - Most Improved. • First Quarter Honor Roll - Chandler Case, Kyle Close, Stacy Fitzpatrick, Kaytlynn Mclean, Cloe McMichael, Kylie Mountainchief, Isiah Pacheco, Tyanna VanPelt, Kaitlynn Melton. • First Quarter Perfect Attendance - Cloe McMichael, Kylie Mountainchief, D’ Andre Rodriquez, Tyanna VanPelt, Lucus Arellanes, Jayden Bryant, Alyssa Tonasket, Wilbur Oatman. In addition, 24 out of 56 students at NCS had a 3.0 GPA or higher in the first quarter and 15 had attendance over 95%.

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Nooksack boots 289 people off its membership rolls By Gene Johnson, The Associated Press

SEATTLE — After a years-long fight that included a host of unusual legal maneuvers, the Nooksack Indian Tribe in Northwestern Washington said Nov. 27 it booted nearly 300 people off its membership rolls. But a lawyer for those purportedly disenrolled insisted they’re not going anywhere. Tribal Council Chairman Bob Kelly said in a news release that the 289 were “non-Indians who had erroneously been enrolled in the Tribe” beginning in 1983 and thus shouldn’t be entitled to tribal rights or benefits, which can include housing, health care and educational support. The announcement followed a Nov. 4 referendum that showed “overwhelming support” for the disenrollments, Kelly said — but those facing disenrollment were not allowed to vote, and federal authorities have said they won’t recognize the referendum’s results. “This has been a long and difficult process, and the Nooksack people are glad it’s finally over,” Kelly said. “Both tribal and federal law recognize that sovereign tribal nations have the right to determine their own membership. The individuals disenrolled today all failed to show that they are lineal descendants of Nooksack tribal members, or that they have at least one-quarter degree of Indian blood.” Gabe Galanda, a lawyer for most of those facing disenrollment, called the tribe’s announcement meaningless. The U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs announced last month that it won’t recognize any actions of the tribal council, including the decision to hold the referendum, since last March because the council has lacked a quorum: The terms of four members expired, and no election was held to replace them. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services cited that decision re-

cently in informing the tribe that under its contract with the federally funded Indian Health Service, it must continue to provide health services to all of its enrolled members, including those it’s been trying to kick out. In addition to operating without a quorum, the tribal leadership’s long-running efforts to disenroll the members have included firing a judge who ruled against the tribal council, banning Galanda and other lawyers for the group from appearing in tribal court, and ignoring adverse opinions from a tribal appeals court. “They could not legally disenroll and exile my clients for the last four years, or ever, so they resorted to the most illegal, inhumane and internecine measures imaginable to accomplish their goal,” Galanda said. “My clients are not going anywhere. ... They will always be Nooksack.” Galanda has been a leading critic of tribal efforts to disenroll members around the country, describing them as shortsighted efforts to maintain or enhance wealth and power. Ultimately, he said, such efforts simply reduce tribal numbers, reducing tribal influence overall. As many as 10,000 tribal members have been kicked out of 80 tribes in about 18 states, he said. “Disenrollment is an existential threat to Indian people throughout the country,” he said. “It’s self-annihilation. It countervails the basic notion that there’s strength in numbers — especially in what strength Indians have left after the last 500 years.” The tribe has been denying many benefits to its clients for the past few years, including health care and even the $250 check many would receive to help buy holiday presents, Galanda said. His goal is to get those benefits restored, he said. The Nooksack tribe has about 2,000 members. Deming is about 15 miles east of Bellingham.

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A descendant of Chief Tumulth visits the grave of the chief’s youngest daughter. (Photo from Grand Ronde We All Belong / Facebook)

Grand Rondes hiring new appellate court after losing disenrollment case Former CTUIR attorney Doug Nash among judges likely to be replaced From Indianz.com

GRAND RONDE, Oregon - The Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde are hiring a new appellate court, just three months after losing a major disenrollment case. All three appellate judge positions are open, according to a judicial vacancy notice being circulated by the Oregon State Bar. Applications are being accepted until Dec. 23. The notice does not say what happened to the three prior judges. Their contracts are not being renewed by the tribal council after they ruled in favor of the descendants of Chief Tumulth in the long-running disenrollment case. The Aug. 5 ruling resulted in the chief’s descendants being reinstated in November and it marked a rare victory amid an epidemic of disenrollment cases in Indian Country. In many situations, those being ousted have little recourse, either because their tribes lack independent judiciaries or reliable methods of resolving internal

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disputes. It didn’t seem that way at Grand Ronde, whose appellate court boasted some of Indian Country’s most-respected legal names. The chief justice was Robert J. Miller, a member of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe who had been in that position since 2001. But Grand Ronde leaders and citizens made no secret of their intense displeasure with Miller’s 22-page opinion in the case. Chairman Reyn Leno had vowed to call all three judges into council chambers to answer questions about the ruling. Despite the disagreement with the outcome in the case, and the removal of the appellate judges, Chief Tumulth’s descendants are apparently safe from being removed from the rolls. Besides Miller, the other judges on the appellate court were Patricia C. Paul, who is Alaska Native, and Douglas Nash, who is a member of the Nez Perce Tribe. Nash served from 1975-1989 as general counsel for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation for about nine years from his law office in Pendleton, but he represented the CTUIR Housing Authority all 14 of those years. He also served as tribal prosecutor for about four of those years as well.

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December 2016


Recipients share $210K in 3rd-quarter from Wildhorse Fund Helix High School track, Boardman grade school band get $20,000 grants MISSION – Two small schools – Griswold High in Helix and Windy River Elementary in Boardman – each received $20,000 grants in the third quarter of grant awards from the Wildhorse Foundation. Six other organizations received grants of at least $10,000 as the Foundation doled out a total of $210,896 to 30 recipients, bringing the total for this year to nearly $634,000. All but two of the organizations that received awards are from northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington, bringing the total for this year to near $634,000. At Helix, the grant will be used to resurface the school’s track area. The current dirt track will receive a face lift and receive a facelift and upgraded to a rubberized track. At Boardman, the funding will be issued to purchase new equipment and instruments, as well as repair instruments for the Beginning Band Program at Windy River Elementary School. This is the first time Windy River has received a grant from the Wildhorse Foundation.

eviction, other potential homelessness or who are homeless. $5,000 – Oregon East Symphony plans to compensate the adult teachers and student assistants. $4,000 – American Red Cross, Portland, for direct financial and lodging assistance for people who lose their homes to fire. $4,000 – Children’s Museum of Eastern Oregon in Pendleton will purchase supplies and pieces for exhibits. $3,600 – Arts Council of Pendleton will use the money to purchase materials and fixtures used in gallery preparation and ArtZoom sessions. $3,197 – SMART in Portland will provide oneon-one reading support and take-home books to 160 pre-k students. $3,000 – Weston Food Pantry to hire a licensed and bonded contractor to remove the current door and replace it with an ADA compliant door. $2,800 – Imbler Education Foundation in

Summerville will purchase eight LEGO robotics kits. $2,500 – Hurricane Creek Grange #608 will use the money for painting, maintenance, storage and hand-washing sink in the kitchen. $1,625 – Fishtrap Inc. (writers’ retreat, nature writing workshops, lectures and clases), Enterprise, to pay for five youth and one chaperone to attend the camp. $1,500 – Confluence Project, Vancouver, Washington, to pay for tribal artists and materials for a program at Nixyaawii Community School. $1,269 – Walla Walla Basin Watershed Council in Milton-Freewater for supplies, testing reagents, student equipment for the STELLAR camp. $1,000 – Hells Canyon Preservation Council, La Grande, to contract the design of a logo.

More than 1,700 local and regional non-profits have benefited from the $9.9 million given by the Foundation since its inception.

The Wildhorse Foundation Board considers grant applications that cover the areas of public health, public safety, education, the arts, historic preservation, gambling addiction services, salmon restoration, environmental protection and cultural activities. The quarterly deadlines for applications for the Foundation are Jan. 1, April 1, July 1 and Oct. 1. The Jan. 1 deadline will be the first in which the Foundation will utilize its online application process. Organizations interested in applying for a grant encouraged to visit TheWildhorseFoundation.com to submit an application or learn more about the Foundation’s giving process. For assistance, grantee organizations may also call Tiah DeGrofft at 541-966-1628.

Others receiving at least $10,000 included: $15,938 - Umatilla County will use funding at Harris Park near Milton-Freewater to purchase a building, freight charges, heavy equipment rental, and installation of a pit-style toilet facility. $10,500 – Nixyaawii Community School on the Umatilla Indian Reservation will replace teacher desktops, projectors and cameras, and it will add a set of Chromebooks and a printer. $10,332 – La Grande High School will buy two class sets of Ti-Nspire (Texas Instruments graphic calculators) technology. $10,000 – The Healing Lodge of Seven Nations in Spokane Valley, Washington, will replace furniture in one wing of the female residence hall. $10,000 Umatilla-Morrow County Head Start Inc., in Hermiston will purchase a Toyota Corolla for the Healthy Family home visiting staff. $10,000 – Lost & Found Youth Outreach in Pendleton will purchase a van for moving youth from Lost & Found groups, activities, trips, service projects, etc. Other grants: $9,985 – Freewater Elementary School in Milton-Freewater will purchase a new Logo system and science curriculum for fourth and fifth graders. $9,396 – Pendleton High School will buy 35 Chromebooks and a charging cart to use in college-level math classes. $8,500 – Building Healthy Families in Enterprise will use the funds to purchase ADA (American Disabilities Act) accessible therapeutic swing seat, a children’s play tower, a fixed musical instrument installation, ADA accessible pour-inplace mulch rubberized pathway. $8,000 – Hermiston Warming Station will use the money for operating expenses. $7,600 – Fort Walla Walla Museum will create an exhibit to celebrate and share Latino culture through folk art with connections to the local history. $7,500 – Elgin Museum & Historical Society will short up the flooring in the present kitchen area; get new electrical wiring throughout the structure, purchase building materials for the walls, toilet facilities, cabinets and ramps to meet ADA access requirements. $7,153 – Wallowa County Project Heartbeak in Joseph will place AED’s (automated external defibrillator) at the Elgin Train Depot, Wallowa Lake Lodge, and a second seasonal unit at the Wallowa Lake Tramway. $5,000 – Friends of the Milton-Freewater Public Library will perform kindergarten readiness assessments, purchase program incentives, and fund educational performances in the libraries. $5,000 – Helping Hands Inc., Pendleton, will use the funds to assist persons facing imminent

December 2016

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Mission Market Coffee Cart now open at NGC Looking for a new you?

Call me Kimberly Weathers

MISSION – The Mission Market Coffee Cart is now open for business on the second floor of the Nixyaawii Governance Center. The cart had its soft opening on Nov. 21 and is open from 7:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. daily. It serves assorted cof-

fee drinks along with a variety of food items. Biscuits and gravy are sold daily for breakfast from 7:30-10:30 a.m. and hot soup is sold at 11 a.m. for lunch. Other lunch items include chef and fajita salads, and sandwiches. Snacks sold include

doughnuts, candy bars, nuts, and yogurt parfaits. The cart also has ice cream. T h e mornings have been busy for the employees at the coffee cart so for those who don’t want to stand in line, phone orders are accepted as well by calling 541-429-7531. As of now, the cart is only accepting cash while they wait for their new point-of-sale system and card machine to come in.

Head 2 Toes Full Service Salon & Spa 221 South Main St. Suite 2 Pendleton, OR 541-379-0010

Audrey Shippentower takes the order of Richard Lyons, left, and Leland Bill in the early morning right before their work day commences. In the back, Trevor Williams prepares the biscuits and gravy.

The doughnuts and salads are just a couple food items that the coffee cart has in stock daily.

Giving Tree up and ready for donations PENDLETON – Hamley’s Western Store and the radio stations of the Capps Broadcast Group have once again teamed up with Pendleton elementary schools, the Oregon State Department of Human Services and Umatilla County Youth Services to sponsor the Giving Tree. Since 2000, the Giving Tree has helped local families experience a little Christmas joy. The Giving Tree is now up at Hamley’s Western Store and is covered with anonymous tags that list the ages, sizes and needs of children facing an uncertain Christmas. Local citizens, businesses and groups select tags and shop for items on the list.

The new, unwrapped items are then returned to Hamley’s and later distributed to the families by the agencies involved. In past years, hundreds of families have been served by the Giving Tree, thanks to the generosity of the local community. Those who would like to help are encouraged to stop by Hamley’s Western Store and pick tags off the tree. Cash donations will also be accepted. Deadline for unwrapped gift return is Sunday, Dec. 11. In appreciation for donations made, participants will receive a special discount from Hamley’s, which is located at 30 Southeast Court, Downtown Pendleton.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2016


Shippentower featured in Cayuse Tech Tribal Business Journal article MISSION – Rosenda Shippentower is featured in a full-page cover photo for the lead story about Cayuse Technologies in the October edition of Tribal Business Journal. Shippentower is a member of the Cayuse Technologies board of directors and the treasurer of the Board of Trustees for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). The story is titled “Cayuse Technologies: A Decade Old, the Hunt for Growth Continues” and features photos inside of the full CTUIR Board of Trustees in front of the CT building, another full page photo of Shippentower, and a photo of CT employee Shawn Joseph at work. The story focuses on the creation, business model, jobs, and future growth

of the company, which is owned by the CTUIR. Cayuse Technologies provides business support and technology services for government agencies, large corporations and small to medium businesses that do business globally, according to the article. Its technology services cover everything from design to testing and data analysis. Shippentower is quoted saying, “As far as growth, Cayuse is continually marketing and selling itself in a good way. One of our priorities is to grow the people as well as to grow the business.” For more about Tribal Business Journal and the cover story on Cayuse Technologies go to www.tribalbusinessjournal.com

Happy Holidays Art kits make great Christmas gifts!

Cherise Stewart Baker and Dena Summerfield 36 SW Court Ave, Pendleton, OR 97801 541.276.3617 artofframing@eot.net Open Mon-Fri 10-5, Sat 10-2

News? Email us at cuj@ctuir.org

December 2016

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Briefly Foster Care Dinner Dec. 7

MISSION – A Foster Care Dinner will be held on Dec. 7 from 6-8 p.m. at the Nixyaawii Governance Center in celebration of the holidays. Julie Taylor, Director of Children and Family Services (DCFS), for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, hopes to see around two dozen families attend the dinner. Menu items will include items from Dickey’s Barbecue, dessert, and beverages. There will also be cultural activities, which will include drum making, basket weaving, drumming, and dancing. In addition, DCFS will be accepting new clothes and toys for boys and girls age six weeks to 17 years old. The final day for donations is Dec. 23 at 4 p.m. To distinguish between female and male gifts, note them with an age and gender identification tag or bag.

Bazaar Dec. 10 at St. Mary’s

PENDLETON - St. Mary’s Bazaar will be held on Dec. 10 at St. Mary’s Catholic Church from 9 a.m. until 2 p.m. There will be brunch, lunch and desserts. Vendors will be selling a variety of handcrafted items. All proceeds will go to support the needy in our community. A $1 fee gives admission and a raffle ticket. Vendor space is available for $60. For more info call 541 -276- 2751.

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INDEPENDENT LIVING A Global Disability Resource and Advocacy Center EOCIL is a proud supporter of the CTUIR community and other communities and programs that promote and value inclusion, equality and opportunities for people with disabilities and elders. EOCIL is a disability resource and advocacy enter that provides an array of services for people with disabilities or seniors. These services are designed to empower clients to improve the quality of their lives and promote full access to society. EOCIL is operated by people with disabilities and seniors who themselves have been successful in establishing independent lives. These individuals have both the training and the personal experience to know exactly what is needed to live independently.

Services Available:

- Informational and Referral - Independent Living Skills Training (budgeting and financial management, cooking, application assistance, etc.) - Peer Counseling - Individual Advocacy - Life Transitions (school to employment, home to home, corrections to community, etc.)

- Support Groups - Youth Mentoring Project - Representative Payee Project - Emergency Financial Assistance - Accessibility Assistance - HIV/AIDS Independent Living Project - And many other services

EOCIL has three locations: 322 SW 3rd St., Suite 6, Pendleton, Ore. webpage: www.eocil.org Email: eocil@eocil.org 541-276-1037 711 Relay Toll free: 1-877-711-1037 1021 SW 5th Avenue, Ontario, Ore. 541-889-3119 Voice 711 Relay Toll free 1-866-248-8369

The Dalles Office 400 East Scenic Drive Building 2, Third Floor, Suite 2 The Dalles, Oregon 541-370-2810 Toll free: 1-866-248-8369

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‘Healthy Cooking’ classes starting Dec. 15

MISSION – This month the Nixyaawii Governance Center will be the location for Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center’s (YTHC) “Healthy Cooking Class”, which is scheduled Dec. 15. The class is scheduled from 4-6 p.m. with recipes gathered from the Blood Sugar Solution Book written by Doctor Mark Hyman. The Healthy Cooking Class is an interactive class for all participants and is open to anyone who is interested in learning new healthy recipes. Participants will learn to make winter salad with citrus, almond-flax crusted chicken, end-ofgarden zucchini, and a dessert made with berries, dates, and coconut. Aprons will

be provided but participants can bring their own. For further questions contact Jennifer Lewis at 541-278-7558.

Paid training offered to youth and young adults

MISSION - Youth and young adults who are interested in expanding their work experience are invited to attend two weeks of paid training from Dec. 19-30. The training is for people ages 14-21 that are enrolled in a federally recognized tribe. Availability is limited to 20 participants. Those interested must submit a completed application no later than Dec. 12 at 4 p.m. to the Workforce Development Program of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). Participants will gain certification in First Aid and CPR. They will obtain their food handlers permit as well as skills for supervision, resume building, and mandatory reporting. After the training is over, Workforce Development hopes to find work experience for each participant in their area of interest and will pay their wages. Tribal businesses and departments of the CTUIR interested in participating can contact Julie Taylor or Andrea Hall at 541-429-7300.

Christmas caroling planned Dec. 21

MISSION – A lighted Christmas caroling parade is scheduled to start at 5:30 p.m. on Dec. 21 following car decoration and potluck. The event is being organized by the New Beginning Coalition of Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center. Before the parade, at 4:30 p.m., participants can decorate vehicles outside the prevention building; at 5 p.m. a potluck dinner will be held at the Women, Infant and Children (WIC) building. The event is alcohol and drug free and hosts are requesting that everyone dress warm with hat, gloves, scarves, and boots. For questions or more information contact Marcy Moody-Picard at 541215-1941.

Pilot Rock Winterphest 2016 - Dec. 3 Craft Bazaar 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Pilot Rock Community Center - 285 NW Cedar Vendors $10/table Light Parade @ 5 p.m. followed by a free Chili Feed in the Council Chambers

Pl.

For more info. contact Nancy Hinkle at 541-379-1950 or Virginia Carnes 541-443-5832

Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2016


Series designed to help caregivers find time to care for themselves MISSION - To help reduce caregiver stress, CAPECO is offering a short-term, interactive educational program called Powerful Tools for Caregivers. The program is a six-week series that goes once a week on Thursdays beginning Jan. 12 and ending Feb. 16 at Nixyaawii Governance Center. The programs, scheduled from 2:30-4 p.m., was created to help family caregivers learn new ways to handle their own health while working for a relative or friend. All participants receive The Caregiver Helpbook, a book developed specifically for the class. “When it comes to caregiving, the situation is similar to instructions given by airlines for using an oxygen mask: put on your own mask before assisting someone else,” said Helena Wolfe, Health Promotion Coordinator for the Area Agency on Aging at CAPECO (Community Action

Program East Central Oregon). “Caregivers who take good care of themselves are better equipped to help their loved ones.” Research shows that those who attend the workshop series and use the tools will experience an increase in their self-care and confidence, and begin to thrive in a caregiving situation, according to the CAPECO press release. Some of the tools for participants include reducing stress, communicating feelings, balancing one’s life, increasing the ability to make tough decisions, and locating helpful resources, Wolfe said. For more information or to preregister, contact Anita at 541-278-5664. For those who are interested but cannot attend, contact Wolfe at 541-561-5443 or email hwolfe@capeco-works.org to be added to a waiting list for future classes.

‘Canary Effect’ at Pepsi Primetime Dec. 10 MISSION – A Pepsi Primetime @ the Museum! will be showing “The Canary Effect” at Tamastslikt Cultural Institute on Dec. 10 at 1 p.m. The Canary effect follows the devastation that U.S. policies had on the indigenous people of North America, and details the genocidal practices of the U.S. government and its con-

December 2016

tinuing effects on present-day Indian Country. The award-winning documentary that was directed by Robin Davey and Yellow Thunder Woman will feature interviews with leading scholars and experts on Indian issues including controversial author Ward Churchill. Viewing is free.

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December 2016


PHS teacher wins educational grant from Farmers Insurance for $100,000 PENDLETON – Kristin Swaggert, a teacher at Pendleton High School, was surprised Nov. 29 with a check for $100,000 as one of the six winners of the Dream Big Teacher Challenge as part of Farmers Insurance company’s Thank America’s Teachers program. The presentation was made at Pendleton High School by local agent Craig Christenson. Out of the top 15 finalists, Swaggart earned her spot as one of the top six winners thanks to online community votes that were tallied during the month of October. Her plan to help students gain experience with cooking, marketing and

running a small business was one of the six proposals with the most votes. These awarded funds will support Swaggart’s vision to improve her school by integrating a food truck into her culinary program. Through Thank America’s Teachers, Farmers Insurance will give away more than $1,000,000 to educators in 2016 and the public helps determine who receives the grants at www.ThankAmericasTeachers.com. Farmers awards 180 grants each valued at $2,500 throughout the year, in addition to the six $100,000 Dream Big Teacher Challenge grants, awarded at the end of this year.

Umatilla County to fly drones PENDLETON –The Umatilla County Sheriff’s (UCS) Office added a new tool for its search and rescue team to use – a drone, specifically the Phantom 4 Quadcopter. The purpose of the drone is to locate people who go missing in the wild. This is especially important during the winter months because they are at a much greater danger than those who become lost during warm weather. “We have not deployed this in an actual mission, but we have done it in training and continue to practice with it,” said Sergeant Dwight Johnson of UCS. “I think it has a definite future in the search and rescue business.” Johnson said that flying the Phantom 4 Quadcopter is relatively easy but the hard part was passing the Federal Aviation Administration test to become a certified pilot. He is now fully certified and is eager to give the drone a chance under the right conditions. It operates about 50 feet above tree-top level and uses a highresolution camera.

“We’re able to survey a pretty good path with ability to pick up details on the ground,” said Johnson. “We’re very optimistic we could fly search patterns, especially in steep drainages.” The plan is to have other members of the SAR team join Johnson in becoming

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DID YOU KNOW? Most everyone who had attended school wore the clothes of the time except some of the older ones. Among the women in the 1930’s and 1940’s, Molly Penney Hays, my mother, Isabelle Craig French, Rose Thompson, Amy Webb, Gertrude Williams, and Mary Halfmoon, all wore their hair in braids and wore specially made kerchiefs made of rayon or silk in their heads. They wore shoes, plain dresses, and shawls until about the 1940’s, when they wore coats and sweaters and jackets when needed. My grandmother, Sistine, however, who would never speak English (I never knew if she could), always wore kerchiefs on her head, wing dresses with the undergarment, yarn belts, moccasins, and shawls. At home, when she was working, she would wear an old shawl around her waist as an apron. Gathered from ‘as days go by’

D ecemb e r Birthdays: 2nd: Linda Schmidt & Reuben Bronson 4th: Connie Jones 5th: Kathryn Brigham & Kathryn Patrick 7th: Kim Brigham Campbell 8th: Chelsea Quaempts 9th: Sara Hussey & Gene Shippentower 15th: Cheryl Shippentower 18th: Isabel Watchman 22nd: Terrie Brigham & Sara Patrick 29th: Calvin VanPelt & Rhett Majors Anniversaries: 1st: Daniel & Fabby Jones 3rd: Kim & James Campbell

December 2016

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Nicole Willis named to 2016 class of ‘Native American 40 Under 40’ award winners MESA, Arizona – Nicole Willis, a member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, has been named to the 2016 class of “Native American 40 Under 40” award recipients. The award is bestowed upon individuals under the age of 40 nominated by members of their communities who have demonstrated leadership, initiative, and dedication and made significant contributions in business and their community, according to a news release from the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development. Willis, from Seattle, and Bree Black Horse, a Seminole from Oklahoma who also lives in Seattle, were honored with other winners at the 40th annual Indian Progress in Business Awards Gala at the Buffalo Thunder Resort and Casino in Santa Fe, New Mexico, last month. Since 2012, Willis has served as the Tribal Relations Director for the City of Seattle within the Office of Intergovernmental Relations. She is responsible for advancing government-to-government communication between the City of Seattle and tribal leadership throughout

Willis, others pen letter to Obama about Dakota Access Pipeline Nicole Willis, a former Special Assistant for Indian Affairs at the U.S. Department of Labor, was one of 17 former Native American Obama Administration Officials who signed on a joint letter to the President calling on him to take immediate action to block or reroute the Dakota Access Pipeline that will run under the Missouri River. the Pacific Northwest. Earlier this year she took a leave of absence to be the National Tribal Outreach Director for the Bernie Sanders for President Campaign. She also has held positions in the 2008 Obama campaign, the 2009 Presidential Inaugural Committee, and at the U.S. Department of Labor. Willis is a graduate of Yale University and Columbia University School of Law.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2016


Wildhorse to host New Year’s Eve Party for all ages MISSION – Wildhorse Resort & Casino will welcome in the New Year with several activities at their Rivers Event Center, sports bar, Child Entertainment Center (CEC), and on the casino floor. Doors will open at the Rivers Event

December 2016

Center at 8 p.m. Dec. 31 with free live entertainment from a seven-horn ban called “Ants in the Kitchen.” The band will play a mix of 70’s-era funk, blues, and soul with a rock twist. There also will be a no-host bar along with party favors. Participants must be 21 years of age or older. The Sports Bart will provide free live music from 9 p.m. to 2 a.m. with the rhythm and blues band known as “Harmonious Funk.” The bar will open at 8 p.m. and there will be a purple-rain

themed party which will include party favors, confetti cannons, several giveaways and specialty drinks. The drinks will feature Dobel Meastro Tequila and Hangar One Vodka, which are the sponsors of the evening. At the CEC, kids will have access to a fun environment consisting of karaoke singing, Xbox360, and Wii with the latest video games. The center is secured and located next to the Wildhorse Cineplex & Arcade. For Christmas, the CEC will be open from noon to 10 p.m. and on New

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Year’s Eve it will be open from 7:30 a.m. to 2 a.m. At the New Year’s Eve party there will be free hats, horns, party favors, and a ball drop. Children must be potty trained to check into the CEC. Finally, on the casino floor there will be free hats and horns provided to all guests along with a midnight toast. The main event of the evening will be the New Year’s Eve Lucky Neighbor Free Play Hot Seats, which will take place every 30 minutes beginning at 11 p.m. with a chance to win $3,000.

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Thank you letters THE RECREATION PROGRAM WOULD LIKE TO THANK the following people for all of their assistance to make Hoo Hoots pow-wow one of the best ever for our community. We had just over 300 people attend Hoo Hoots. Pendleton high school students Trinity Treloar, LaRiah Alexander, Dazon Sigo, Mick Schimmel, Mila Schimmel, Tyler Craig, Seth Scott, Chelan Gomez, and Michael Pasina and Kim Minthorn. We would like to thank Grain Craft for donating flour, and Kristi Gartland for donating two boxes of apples. Others who assisted were Randy Minthorn working the booth for bean bag toss and students. Also, a big thank you to Jackie Minthorn, Wilbur Oatman and Preston Eagleheart, Scotty Minthorn, Janet Maddern, Thomas Morning Owl, Lester Spencer, Kyle McGuire, Rachel Guardipee, Cristina Ferea, Lennox Lewis, LaDonna Squiemphen, Modesta Minthorn, Shelly Minthorn, Brian Thompson, Sierra James, Andi Scott, Syreeta Thompson and Lisa Minthorn. If we missed anyone we apologize. qe’ciyew’yew’ WE WOULD LIKE TO THANK THE FOLLOWING PEOPLE AND ORGANIZATIONS for their care of our father, for helping with the dinner after the funeral and for bringing food to the house: Tribal EMTs, Yellowhawk nurses and CHR’S, Joe Spicer, Vicky Star, Yvonne Carnes, Kay and Chazz Webb, Dr. Quempts, Lee Clure, Marcella Clure, staff of Davila Dyalisis Center, doctors and nurses of St. Mary’s Hospital and Tribal Public Works. And we would like to thank everyone for their prayers, cards and flowers. And a special thank you to those who went to visit our father, especially Lee Clure. You have our sincere thanks and gratitude, The family of Al Halfmoon T H E E N R O L L M E N T D E PA R T M E N T THANKS YOU ALL FOR YOUR INFINITE PATIENCE AND HARD WORK during the disbursement of the Sisseton Wahpeton funds to the CTUIR tribal membership. A big thank you to the tribally employed and local community notaries; your hands were definitely busy these past few weeks getting all the young ones their much-needed monies for all the important things they needed. CTUIR Finance Department, your work was cut out for you doing the math and cutting the

checks, thank you. Thanks also to the CTUIR Board of Trustees, last term and this. You advocated for the process that brought this about and trusted the tribal membership that should such a boon be granted we would be up to the task of using our shares in the most appropriate manner. To the CTUIR Communications Department thank you for keeping us in the know! Last and definitely not least, thank you to the Wildhorse Resort & Casino who graciously provided check cashing services, a valued service as many tribal members may have not been able to cash their checks without this kindness. #NoDAPL #WaterIsLife We’eke Eykse We’eptes Ayat (Flying Eagle Woman) Shawna Shillal-Gavin X-735 ON SEPT. 23, 2016, ONE OF THOSE UNFORTUNATE AND PREVENTABLE ACCIDENTS IN THE HOME HAPPENED TO ME. I fell down in my bedroom and fractured my hip. From the time my granddaughter Sierra James called the Mission Medics, so many helped make my recovery easier to bear. I am grateful to many but I want to name these people: Sierra and Carmen James, Fabian Spencer, Roberta and Karma Kipp, Katherine Minthorn, Bob Shippentower, Rose and Steve Sohappy, Katrina Burnside, Dr. Dave Close, JP Patt, Mari Tester, Koko Hufford, Margaret Sams, Junior Patrick, Patty Ghangraw, Kay Webb, Shawna Gavin, Hazel Quaempts, and Justin and Miranda Dixson. A special thank you for the beautiful flowers, amazing plants, balloons and lavish gift baskets goes to Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center, Health Commission, Cayuse Technologies, Board of Trustees, Mamie and Kintch, and Margaret S. The medical help I received was second to none from the CTUIR EMTs, Portland Legacy Good Samaritan, Willowbrook and CHI St. Anthony Outpatient Physical Therapy. To sum up, I would not have been able to return home had it not been for my courageous granddaughter Frances James. She was there night and day and through thick and thin for her Grandma. And, I will be forever grateful for the prayers, support and kindness shown to me throughout this frightening experience. Sincerely, Rosenda Shippentower

Holiday Craft Bazaar Where: Mission Senior Center When: Dec. 10 Table set up is at 8 a.m. & Tacos served at 11:30 a.m. Call Frank Lopez at 541-276-0296 for questions.

Pier No. 104 Kathie Burke Stylist

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December 2016


Indiana tribe makes history with first casino in state Indianz.com

SOUTH BEND, Indiana - The Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians will be making history with the first tribal casino in Indiana. The tribe’s land-into-trust application for a 166-acre site in South Bend was approved by the Bureau of Indian Affairs on November 18. A letter from Larry Roberts, the top official at the agency, notes the landmark nature of the acquisition. “The tribe’s journey to this point has been a difficult one,” Roberts wrote. “Our nation’s history with your tribe has not always been honorable.” For more than a century, the federal government refused to recognize the tribe even though its leaders had signed treaties and engaged in government-togovernment relations with the United States. The situation finally changed when Congress restored the tribe’s status in 1994. But Roberts noted that while the law requires the BIA to re-establish the tribe’s homeland in both Indiana and Michigan, the process has been slow moving. So the approval of the South Bend application marks a new chapter in the relationship between the two sovereigns. “For the first time in 200 years, Indiana has Indian Country in it again,” Chairman John P. Warren said at a press conference on Nov. 29, The South Bend Tribune reported. The tribe envisions a $400 million development at the site, which is located within the service area defined by Con-

gress. Plans call for a casino, a hotel and village that would include housing for tribal members. The tribe, though, has not negotiated a Class III gaming compact with the state of Indiana. With Gov. Mike Pence (R) headed to the White House as the vice president to Donald Trump, that task will presumably fall to Eric Holcomb, who won election on November 8. He served as lieutenant governor under Pence. When the tribe filed the application more than two years ago, it generated significant controversy, especially from state lawmakers whose districts include non-Indian casinos. But the tribe has won local support for the project and there appears to be little opponents could do at this point to stop the acquisition of the land. Additionally, the BIA approved the tribe’s liquor ordinance in Indiana, according to a notice that was published in the Federal Register on Tuesday. The ordinance becomes effective once the land in South Bend is formally placed in trust.

Williams and Ree to perform (adults only) at Wildhorse Dec. 8 Williams and Ree, better known as “The Indian and the White Guy” return to Wildhorse Resort & Casino on Dec. 8 at 7p.m. in Rivers Events Center. The two men are a music and comedy team out of South Dakotas and consider themselves to be politically incorrect and proud of it. When they first started out, they were members of a band who filled time between songs with comedy sketches. They began touring the country primarily as a musical act but soon incorporated their own style into a show. The pair have performed with the likes of Garth Brooks, The Oak Ridge Boys and Tim McGraw, and have made many television appearances on The Nashville Network. Tickets are go on sale Nov. 18 at noon and can be purchased on WildhorseResort.com or at the Wildhorse Gift Shop. There are two types of tickets available: Premium “Stick a Fork in

Williams and Ree Photo by Tweetens Photography

Me” seats which includes a free BBQ gift for $29, and a general ticket for $19. All seats are at round tables and reserved upon purchase. Doors open at 6 p.m. and the show begins at 7 p.m. Guests must be 21 years or older to attend. A no-host bar will be available.

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December 2016

From your friends at TERF Front row from left: Ashley Picard, Bonnie Burke and Robin Marsh McKay; back row from left: Lee Coiner, Dustyn Sheffield and Curtis Thompson.

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Seven face charges for starving babies at Pine Ridge By Regina Garcia Cano, Associated Press

SIOUX FALLS, S.D. — Seven people are facing federal charges after law enforcement authorities on South Dakota’s Pine Ridge Indian Reservation discovered two children so severely malnourished that a pediatrician later compared them to prisoners of World War II concentration camps. The 2- and 3-year-old girls weighing 13 pounds each were discovered on Nov. 11, when officers responded to a reported assault at a home on the reservation on the South Dakota-Nebraska border, according to court records. The

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officers found the children lying on the floor, hidden under blankets, and only wearing diapers. Authorities are accusing three of the seven people of assaulting the girls. The five others are accused of not seeking medical intervention for or reporting the condition of the children to authorities. An affidavit shows that the children were taken to a Rapid City hospital after they were found at the home. The 3-yearold girl was found to be suffering from a deep bed sore on her left hip that “was all the way to the bone and would likely require surgical repair,” according to the affidavit.

The 2- and 3-year-old girls weighing 13 pounds each were discovered on Nov. 11, when officers responded to a reported assault at a home on the reservation on the South Dakota-Nebraska border, according to court records. The officers found the children lying on the floor, hidden under blankets, and only wearing diapers. A pediatrician dealing with the girls told an FBI agent that the children would have died had they not been discovered. Court records show the pediatrician told the agent that the children’s “extreme level of starvation” could be described as how “persons from World War II Concentration Camps” looked. The home where the girls were found has several residents, including Roberta Featherman and Harold Red Owl Sr., both of whom authorities say were the victims’ primary care givers. Records show that about three months before the seven arrests, the girls’ mother “dropped off” the 3-year-old child with her mother, Roberta Featherman, and the 2-year-old child with her sister, Darshan Featherman. A 10-year-old girl who lived at the home told the FBI agent that Roberta Featherman and Red Owl “did not like to feed the girls too much and that many other people saw the victims and ‘don’t

Confederated Umatilla Journal

like it’ but did nothing to help,” according to the affidavit. The 10-year-old girl and the 17-year-old sister of the victims were later removed from the home. A week after the girls were discovered, federal agents searched the home and found plenty of food in bedrooms. Red Owl told the FBI agent that the food was hidden in the bedrooms because the victims would “steal” it. Darshan Featherman, Roberta Featherman and Red Owl are charged with assault resulting in serious bodily injury. Terry Featherman, Rainbow Spoonhunter, Tressa Means Featherman and Jeff Shoulders are charged with concealing a felony. All pleaded not guilty on Nov. 22. Red Owl’s attorney declined to comment on the case. Shoulders’s attorney, George Grassby, said he has requested copies of all police reports involved in the case. Attorneys for the other five did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

December 2016


Cow Creek Sioux Tribe files suit for water rights By James Giago Davies, Native Sun News Today Correspondent

RAPID CITY –– Far from striking out impulsively on their own, three-term Crow Creek Tribal Chairman Brandon Sazue says his tribe understands that all area tribes will be impacted by Crow Creek’s $200 million suit against the federal government for Missouri River water rights. “I want to talk to all the other tribes about the water issue,” Sazue said. “I want all the tribes to weigh in.” Sazue feels that it was time for his tribe, any tribe, to take action: “If not now, when is the time we are going to stand up for our water?” Officially, the case is Crow Creek Sioux Tribe V.USA, case number 1:16cv-00760, in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims. Crow Creek hired a legal firm, Nix, Patterson & Roach, out of Austin, Texas, fresh off winning a similar case for the Choctaw and Chickasaw of Oklahoma earlier this year. Crow Creek alleges that the government has “completely abdicated” fiduciary trust responsibilities as defined by Winter’s v. United States, a landmark 1908 U.S. Supreme Court decision regarding tribal water rights. The tribe feels its water rights have been “squandered…in favor of nonlndian use, reclamation, urban development and consumption,” the complaint said. “Defendant’s policies and practices ignore plaintiff’s Winter’s reserved water

rights. Defendant has failed to appropriately manage and protect plaintiff’s water rights, and has never attempted to even quantity or render an accounting as to those rights.” Winter’s established that Indian reservations were created with the intention of self-sufficiency, that the land could have no value without the water, when the likely purpose of tribal use of the land was agriculture. The determining phrase in the ruling was, “the reservation of water goes along with the reservation of the land.” The government does not respond specifically to pending cases, so their rationale for why they have not compensated the Crow Creek Tribe for water appropriated is subject too much speculation. The eastern United States is under the Riparian System for controlling water rights. Their water is relatively plentiful so under the Riparian system if your land borders the water you are entitled to use it. However, water is much scarcer in the American West, and so another system is applied to water rights here, the Appropriative System. Under this system waters rights go to the person or party that can establish they first put the water to beneficial use. After establishing such claim, the person or parties do not have to continuously put water to good use, and that water reservation is implied by the very formation of an Indian reservation.

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Commissions and committees vacancies filled by CTUIR BOT MISSION – The Board of Trustees (BOT) of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation filled several vacancies for commissions and committees on Nov. 28. Patricia Hall was voted in to fill a seat on the Law and Order Committee while Billy Bronson and Bryan Startzel-Holt will be filling to vacancies on the Natural Resources Commission. The following people were appointed to each committee: Elvina Huesties for Science and Technology Committee, Michael Ray Johnson for the TERO Commission, and Deb Croswell on the Wildhorse Foundation Board. The BOT removed Kyle McGuire, Vice Chairman of the General Council for the CTUIR, from the Farming Committee because he had never sworn in nor had he attended any meetings.

TERF UP EVERYBODY Don’t use Styrofoam

UNDERCURRENTS

an eclectic mix of music on KCUW 104.3 FM throughout the day and night December 2016

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Mortgages for American Indians and Native Hawaiians shot down half the time By Mark Fogarty, Indian Country Today Media Network

Neither American Indians nor Native Hawaiians received half of the mortgages they applied for last year, though Hawaiians came to within a hair of it. Native Americans (including Alaska Natives) received 46 percent of the loans they applied for, according to data lenders filed with the federal government. They applied for 70,000 mortgages in 2015 and received 32,500, the data show. Native Hawaiians (including indigenous Pacific Islanders from Guam and American Samoa) applied for 49,000 and were successful in 24,600 cases, or a rate of 49.95 percent. These numbers included those who identified themselves as Native by race and Hispanic by ethnicity. Successful applications for the whole country were not much higher than Native percentages, at 51.1 percent (7.4 million loans granted of 14.4 million

requested), according to data lenders filed to comply with the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act. Native Americans saw 28 percent of their loan applications denied, while loan denials came to 23 percent for Native Hawaiians. The balance of applications that weren’t approved came for other reasons, such as incomplete or withdrawn. In terms of dollars applied for, Native Hawaiians got 53 percent, or $6.4 billion, of the copy2.1 billion in dollars they were seeking. Native Americans also inched over 50 percent in dollars requested, receiving $6 billion of copy1.96 billion requested, or 50.8 percent. That makes total indigenous lending for 2015 copy2.5 billion, up from $9.7 billion for 2014, according to the HMDA data. Native Hawaiians received $400 million more mortgage money than Native Americans, despite being a smaller group in population. They also averaged more per loans,

getting $277,000 on a first lien and $43,000 on second liens, compared to $201,000 on first liens and $42,000 on second liens for Native Americans. Native Americans got a slightly higher percentage of mortgages than Native Hawaiians. Indians received 40 percent of “guvvies” (loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Rural Housing Service/Farm Service Agency). Native Hawaiian share of these loans was 38 percent. Upper income Hawaiians accounted for a slightly larger percentage of mortgages, 53.5 percent than upper income Indians (52 percent). Low and moderate income Indians had a slightly higher percentage of mortgage dollars than Hawaiians, by 16 percent to 12.5 percent. Native Hawaiians used their mortgage money more to refinance homes (52 percent) than to purchase them (45 percent). Indians were the opposite, using 53 percent of money granted to purchase

homes, and 45 percent to refinance. Hawaiians got more “jumbo” (higher amount) loans than Indians last year, by 25 percent to 16 percent. Mortgage spreads, which are an indicator of how much interest borrowers are charged, were a mixed bag. For those lenders reporting spreads, Indians had higher spreads on first lien mortgages. Hawaiians, though, had higher liens on second mortgages. The data come from Home Mortgage Disclosure Act reports filed by some 7,000 lenders with the Federal Financial Institutions Examinations Council, an agency of the Federal Reserve and other federal agencies. The data were analyzed by ComplianceTech, a fair lending and technology firm based in McLean, Virginia, which operates a HMDA database called LendingPatterns. Read more at http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2016/11/27/ american-indians-and-native-hawaiiansmortgages-shot-down-half-time-166563

UNDERCURRENTS

an eclectic mix of music on KCUW 104.3 FM throughout the day and night

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