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CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

CONDITION / HK VILLAGES INSTRUCTOR Peter W. FERRETTO peter.ferretto@cuhk.edu.hk

ASSISTANT Milly Lam

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CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

DESCRIPTION Ethical Architecture Ludwig Wittgenstein provided a definition of ethics which will guide our studio, he wrote: “Ethics is the enquiry into what is valuable or into what is important – into the meaning of life, into what makes life worth living, the right way of living”. Hong Kong Villages Talk about villages and one immediately forms an image of settlements disconnected from urban life with deep agricultural roots. For most outsiders the idea of Hong Kong has a rich heritage of villages appears and absurdity, where could villages possibly fit within this vertical Brave New World? The studio wishes to challenge these assumptions and explore the deep connection between Hong Kong villages and its “territory”. Starting from the first-hand reading of five village conditions, our research seeks to re-establish a new rural identity in coexistence with the urban surroundings. Poetic Purpose The studio’s goal is to develop a “Poetic Purpose” of architecture through beauty. Purpose relates to values and agency; it is different from the generic word “programme” so commonly associated with architectural briefs. Purpose avoids a passive stance towards design, reinjecting responsibility into architecture. By focusing on the social role of design, design understood as the act of modifying human environments, our purpose is to reactivate abandoned, vacant and disconnected villages through architecture. There is no formula nor set of rules to achieve a poetic project. Poetry is a journey of contemplation that celebrates inquiry, reflection and decision-making. The studio’s philosophy will revolve around shared ideas and playfulness about the design process, absorbing the context, understanding the materials and local ways to build. Our aim is to develop community projects by working hand-in-hand with local partners on real sites. Knowledge Transfer The objectives of the Design Studio are closely linked with the research of the Condition_Lab, who have developed a body of work focusing on reactivating Minority villages in Hunan, China. By engaging with the local community, the Lab has designed and built a series of prototypes and buildings that aim to respect the sense of place and improve the villagers lives. By analyzing these built projects (Children’s library, a Research Center and Vocational School) the aim is to translate and transfer this knowledge to Hong Kong. For this reason, the studio works under a series of constraints, the Matrix, whose purpose is to ground the projects in reality. Architects cannot work without constraints; every project has a site, a client and a purpose. Spatial Design How material dimensions affect social life is a key consideration of the studio. Inspired by the work of the Italian architect Giancarlo De Carlo (1919-2005) we will investigate the role of anthropology vis-à-vis observing, understanding and interpreting complex physical and social spaces. By focusing on the rural we don’t seek to forget or discard the urban dimension, rather the ambition is to establish a healthy coexistence, a symbiotic relationship based on participation: "In reality, architecture has become too important to be left to architects. A real metamorphosis is necessary to develop new characteristics in the practice of architecture and new behavior patterns in its authors: therefore all barriers between builders and users must be abolished, so that building and using become two different parts of the same planning process." Giancarlo De Carlo, 'Architecture's Public', in Architecture and Participation, ed. by Peter Blundell Jones (Abingdon: Spon Press, 2007), p. 13.

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CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

PROCESS COVID Condition Given the current health situation, it will not be possible for students to work in their design studio spaces. Hence, we are establishing an online platform, a studio website www.condition-hkvillages.com. This virtual space will become the identity of the studio, students will upload their design process, research tasks and projects on to a preformatted open site for all to see. It is paramount that the studio works within an “Open System” where ideas are shared, debated and interpreted, no closed silos. The Power of Five The year is organized around a matrix of five: five Groups, five Territories, five Topics, five Philosophies, five Tasks. The matrix acts as a generator and at the same time, sets a series of constraints that will guide your project. Students are free to navigate, select and choose from the matrix, in the process of establishing a research framework. The more you challenge the framework the more you will learn from it. 1_Five Teams By working as a team we share ideas, we learn from others, we learn to compromise and to listen. The idea of teamwork is to dilute the individual ego of the sole designer and reinforce a common purpose. Teams work has to be fun, playful, through failure and trying you learn. Through this process, you will build the community of the studio and take ownership of your project. 1. 2. 3. 4.

During the first semester, you will work in teams of 3 students (5 teams) Collectively you will perform each of the 5 tasks of the first semester Concluding with an overall strategy for your village territory In the second semester, you will pursue individual projects based on the common strategy.

2_Five Territories We are not looking at standalone single villages as a fait accompli, nor are we seeking to enact a preservation project; our aim is to understand a series of communities in relation to their surroundings, landscape and networks. Each project should devise a strategy for how these archaic settlements can meet contemporary challenges. 1. Five village territories have been preselected that will act as your field of investigation. 2. Territories will be distributed randomly. Teams will select “village conditions” from the below list or can propose their own territories Shui Hau Tsuen (水口村) Hang Tau Tsuen (坑頭村) / Hang Mei Tsuen (坑尾村) Sham Tseng Tsuen (深井村) Lin Ma Hang (蓮麻坑) Luk Keng (鹿頸) Sha Lo Tung (沙螺洞) Tsang Tai Uk (曾大屋) Yim Tin Tsai (鹽田梓) 3. Precedent example of Architectural projects within villages, DnA_Design and Architecture (China) https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=51&v=59C--aHT-B8&feature=emb_title 4. An example of a Rural village project in Denmark https://www.ruralagentur.com/en 3_Five Topics The topics define the purpose of the research and keep the projects focused. It is the responsibility of the groups to digest and interpret each category and if 1. TOURISM / COEXISTENCE Slow Living, Heritage 2. EDUCATION / COMMUNITY Schools, Higher Educations, 3. CULTURE / PLACE 3


CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

Customs, Tangible and intangible, 4. FOOD / SUSTAINABILITY Local products, 5. DWELLING / PARTICIPATION Affordability 4_Five Philosophies 1. GIANCARLO DE CARLO https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Chs0O6izSKk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XmKjg1eOzkg https://vimeo.com/386472882 2. RURAL STUDIO http://ruralstudio.org/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EwZ6sov-UUQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RF_UwT3nsAQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XbeUc1qE_oI 3. TAIWANESE SCHOOL (HUANG - Fieldoffice Architects & HSIEH - Atelier-3) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTWPsVK_V5Y https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eK0_nfOrH6M https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0oPKraO6LMQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_sFHo3VqA0 4. RAUMLABOR http://raumlabor.net/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lbcwaPjvhbg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qhp-ikH97CU 5. AMATEUR ARCHITECTURE STUDIO (WANG Shu and LU Wenyu) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ctQwsSRODFQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1k0hqAQxP-c Three that nearly made the list ANDERS ABRAHAM https://www.arch.hku.hk/event_/anders-abraham-a-new-nature/ http://andersabraham.com/ RALPH ERSKINE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RAFjUEI0Rug https://vimeo.com/ondemand/erskine VICTOR JOSEPH PAPANEK https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1056&v=nMdnjGQQlQU&feature=emb_logo 5.1_Five Tasks (Semester 1) 1. Task 1 – Spatial Study (2 weeks) The spaces in-between, Giorgio Morandi. Black and white, Photography, Models, Drawings. 2. Task 2 – Material Study (2 weeks) Mud, Timber, metal, etc… 3. Task 3 – Mapping Study (2 weeks) Spatial Anthropology, Social, Ecology, Environment and Financial 4. Task 4 – Design Community Space (3 weeks) What does community mean today? What spaces does the community need? What forms and spaces of communal living can be imagined for the future? How will we build for the community or how do we build communally? 5. Task 5 – Strategy (2 weeks) Framework for how your interventions work within the territory 5.2_Five Tasks (Semester 2) 1. Task 1 – Concept (3 weeks) 4


CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

Define the purpose of the final project. Locate site Macro and Micro reading. 2. Task 2 – Technical Report (3 weeks) Select a Construction System. Research Case studies and develop a sectional model of the system. 3. Task 3 – Architectural Definition (4 weeks) Develop using experimental and scale models 4. Task 4 – Final Presentation (3 weeks) Plans, Sections, Elevations, Axonometric, Model and views 5. Task 5 - Process Portfolio (1 week) Evolution of the project

DELIVERABLES Every task is conceived as an academic exploration of an experimental architecture. All tasks will be in A2 portrait format. A total A2x20 panels for Semester 1. The second semester we will explore and experiment to find design solutions through models. During the second semester students will produce A2x20, hence for the whole project will comprise of A2x40 panels. 1. Spatial Study Physical model at any scale of a found spatial condition within the territory. A2 x3 Black and white photographs of models 2. Material Study Hands on construction using a material that belongs to the territory. A2x1 Construction photograph A2x1 Analytical drawing 3. Mapping Study Composite drawing and model image A2x3 4. Design Community Space 1:50 design proposal Model and presentation set for final design A2x6 panels 5. Strategy Model at any scale Set of drawing and images describing framework A2x6 panels 6. Concept Define the purpose of the final project. Locate site Macro and Micro reading. A2x6 panels 7. Technical Report Technical report A3x 30 pages 8. Architectural Definition Develop using experimental and scale models Series of models studies, multiple scales A2x6 Photos of models 9. Final Presentation A2x8 panels Plans, Sections, Elevations, Axonometric, Model and views 10. Process Portfolio Process Report A3x 30 pages Evolution of the project

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CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

LEARNING OUTCOME 1. Ability to create architectural designs that satisfy both aesthetic and technical requirements. 2. Adequate knowledge of the histories and theories of architecture and the related arts, technologies and human sciences. 3. Knowledge of the fine arts as an influence on the quality of architectural design. 4. Understanding of the relationship between people and buildings, and between buildings and their environment, and the need to relate buildings and the spaces between them to human needs and scal 5. Understanding of the methods of investigation and preparation of the brief for a design project. 6. Ability to generate complex design proposals showing understanding of current architectural issues, originality in the application of subject knowledge and, where appropriate, to test new hypotheses and speculations. 7. Ability to evaluate and apply a comprehensive range of visual, oral and written media to test, analyse, critically appraise and explain design proposals. 8. Awareness of the theories and methods of inquiry that seek to show the relationship between human behaviour and the physical environment. 9. Understanding of the basic principles of sustainable development and architects’ responsibilities with respect to the social, economic and environmental sustainability in architecture and urban design. 10. Understanding of the principles of structural behaviour in withstanding gravity and lateral forces, and the range and appropriate applications of contemporary structural system. 11. Ability to assemble a comprehensive programme for an architecture project, including: 12. Ability to respond to natural and built site characteristics in the development of a programme and design of a project. 13. Ability to work cooperatively with others in a team setting. Ability to discuss architectural ideas with nonarchitects, to listen objectively to their opinions and to consider those opinions in designing. 14. Ability to speak and write effectively on subject matters contained in the professional curriculum in English. 15. Ability to use appropriate representational media, such as drawings, models, diagrams, charts, including computer technology, to convey essential design information at each stage of the programming and design process.

ASSESSMENT SCHEME 1_Semester 1 (100%) 1. Midterm Review 30% 2. Final Review (December) 50% 3. Dissertation 20% 2_Semester 2 (100%) 1. Midterm Review 20% 2. Technical Report 20% 3. Final Review (April) 50% 4. Process Report 10%

COURSE FORMAT We meet once a week, every Monday - the whole day. The morning is dedicated to sharing ideas, lectures, reading books, brainstorming, raising questions and planning the work ahead. In these sessions we will discuss the five “philosophies”, looking in detail at architectural case studies and learning how ideas have been translated into buildings. The afternoon is dedicated to design reviews; every week each group presents their findings to all, followed by a smaller group crit. At these sessions we will invite guests, PhD Students, Research Assistants, Community and Government representatives.

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CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

FIELD TRIP At present all foreign trips are suspended until further notice. If the COVID-19 situation improves, there might be a trip to Japan during the second semester. Students are expected to visit their project sites in their groups.

REQUIRED READINGS Abraham, A. 2015. A New Nature: 9 Architectural Conditions between Liquid and Solid. Zurich: Lars Muller Publications. Alexander, Christopher; Ishikawa, Sara; Silverstein, Murray;. 1977. A Pattern Language. New York: Oxford University Press. Awan, Nishat, Tatjana Schneider, and Jeremy Till. 2011. Spatial Agency: Other Ways of Doing Architecture. London: Routledge. Berger, John. 1972. Ways of Seeing. London: Penguin Books. Carlo, Giancarlo De. 1972. An Architecture of Participation. Melbourne: Melbourne Architectural Press. Collymore, Peter. 2005. The Architecture of Ralph Erskine . London: Academy Editions. Ellrichshausen, P. V. 2016. Spatial Structures. Copengahen: Architectural Publisher. Engelke, Matthew. 2017. Think like and Anthropologist. London: Pelican Books. Fei, Xiaotong. 1992. From the Soul: The Foundations of Chinese Society. Berkeley: University of California Press. Frampton, K. 1995. Studies in Tectonic Culture. Massachusetts: MIT Press. Frampton, Kenneth. 2017. "Wemcun Village." Domus, January: 64-65. Heidegger, M. 1971. Building Dwelling Thinking. In Poetry, Language, Thought. New York. Jones, Peter Blundell. 2016. Architecture and Ritual. London: Bloomsbury Academic. Koolhaas, Rem, and AMO. 2020. Coutryside a Report. Kohl: Taschen. Latour, B. 1993. We Have Never Been Modern. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Messmer, M, and H.M. Chuang. 2013. China's Vanishing Worlds: Countryside, Traditions and Cultural Spaces. Cambridge: MIT. Papanek, Victor. 1971. Design for the Real World. London: Thames and Hudson. Radic, Smiljan. 2019. Every So Often a Talking Dog Appears and other essays. London: Koning. Rudofsky, B. 1964. Architecture without Architects: A Short Introduction to Non-Pedigreed Architecture. New York: Doubleday & Company. Sennett, R. 2012. Together: The Rituals, Pleasures, and Politics of Cooperation. New Haven: Yale University Press. Wang, Shu. 2012. Imagining the House. Zurich: Lars Muller.

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CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

IMPORTANT NOTE TO STUDENTS Attendance Class attendance is required in all courses. For an excused absence, the instructor must be notified and presented with documentation of illness or personal matter. Please note: Three (3) or more unexcused absences may result in a failing grade for the course. Academic Honesty Attention is drawn to University policy and regulations on honesty in academic work, and to the disciplinary guidelines and procedures applicable to breaches of such policy and regulations. Details may be found at: http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/policy/academichonesty/. With each assignment, students may be required to submit a statement that they are aware of these policies, regulations, guidelines and procedures. Student Work Submission of studio documentation must be complete and correctly formatted. Missing or incomplete submission of the documentation folder will result in the grade for the course being withheld. This will prevent registration for the following term or delay graduation. In addition, a grade deduction of one letter grade will be made.

SCHEDULE Weekly Meetings Monday from 09:30 – 12:30; 13:30-18:30) Important Dates Semester 1 Midterm (19-23.10.20); Final (01-04.12.20) Semester 2 Midterm (15-19.02.21); Final (19-24.04.21) Technical Report Dates 01.03.21

WEEK 01 07.09

INTRODUCTION

STUDIO SELECTION Results Announced

10.09

WEEK 02 14.09

TASK 1

SPATIAL STUDY

(Team)

The spaces in-between, Giorgio Morandi. Black and white, Photography, Models, Drawings.

WEEK 03

Task 1 Presentation

21.09

(Team)

Physical model at any scale of a found spatial condition within the territory. A2 x3 Black and white photographs of models

WEEK 04 8


CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

28.09

TASK 2

TASK 2 – MATERIAL STUDY

(Team)

Hands on construction using a material that belongs to the territory.

WEEK 05

Task 2 Presentation

05.10

(Team)

A2x1 Construction photograph A2x1 Analytical drawing

WEEK 06 12.10

TASK 3

MAPPING STUDY

(Team)

Composite drawing and model image

WEEK 07

MIDTERM REVIEW

19.10

(Team)

Presentation of Tasks 1-3

WEEK 08 26.10

TASK 4

DESIGN COMMUNITY SPACE

(Team)

What does community mean today? What spaces does the community need? What forms and spaces of communal living can be imagined for the future? How will we build for the community or how do we build communally?

WEEK 09

Design Process

02.11

(Team) WEEK 10

Task 4 Presentation

09.11

(Team)

1:50 design proposal Model and presentation set for final design A2x6 panels

WEEK 11 16.11

TASK 5

TERRITORIAL STRATEGY

(Team)

Framework for how your interventions work within the territory

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CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I WEEK 12

Design Process

23.11 26.11

(Team) WEEK 13

FINAL REVIEW – SEMESTER 1

04.12

(Team)

Model at any scale Set of drawing and images describing framework A2x6 panels

WEEK 14 (2021) 07.01

TASK 6

CONCEPT

(Individual)

Define the purpose of the final project. Locate site Macro and Micro reading.

WEEK15 17.01

(Individual) WEEK16 24.01

(Individual)

WEEK17

Task 6 Presentation

31.01

(Individual)

Define the purpose of the final project. Locate site Macro and Micro reading. A2x6 panels

WEEK18 07.02

TASK 7

TECHNICAL REPORT Select a Construction System. Research Case studies and develop a sectional model of the system.

WEEK19

HOLIDAY CNY

14.02

WEEK20 10


CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

21.02

WEEK21 28.02

Technical Report Due

01.03

Technical report A3x 30 pages WEEK22

07.03

TASK 8

ARCHITECTURAL DEFINITION Develop using experimental and scale models

WEEK23 14.03

WEEK24 21.03

WEEK25

Task 8 Presentation

28.03

Develop using experimental and scale models WEEK26 04.04

TASK 9

PRESENTATION Plans, Sections, Elevations, Axonometric, Model and views

WEEK27 11.04

WEEK28 18.04

FINAL REVIEW A2x8 panels Plans, Sections, Elevations, Axonometric, Model and views 11


CUSA M-ARCH 2020/21 ARCH 5110_ADVANCED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO I

WEEK29 25.04

PROCESS PORTFOLIO Evolution of the project Process Report A3x 30 pages

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Profile for Condition_Lab

ARCH5110D Design Studio 2020-21  

M.Arch Design Studio taught by Prof. Peter W. Ferretto School of Architecture, the Chinese University of Hong Kong

ARCH5110D Design Studio 2020-21  

M.Arch Design Studio taught by Prof. Peter W. Ferretto School of Architecture, the Chinese University of Hong Kong

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