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ISSUE 27 | JUNE/JULY 2020 SHARING THE DIRECTION OF VANCOUVER ISLAND COMMUNITIES

F E AT U R E A RT IST

Ernest SWANSON

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Ginaawaan Yalthdadzee ST L A AY T H L ' A N L A AS | C R A FT Y H A N DS

OFF THE B E AT E N PAT H

The Forbidden Plateau

OCEAN C H R O N IC L E S

Our Ocean

S H I FT H A P P E NS

When the Outer World Poses a Challenge


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8

14

SHARING THE DIRECTION OF VANCOUVER ISLAND COMMUNITIES

The Forbidden Plateau Trail

8

Take a Walk to the Dakota 576 Crash Site

WALKING IN THEIR FOOTSTEPS

Bud Logan

OCEAN CHRONICLES

14

ARTIST FEATURE

20

24

22

Bud Logan

12

22

20

OFF THE BEATEN PATH

6

28

Our Ocean

Josh McInnes

Ernest Swanson | Ginaawaan Yalthdadzee Kealy Donaldson

CREATURES OF THE NORTHWEST COAST

Anna's and Rufous Hummingbirds Bud Logan

WELLNESS ARTIST

John Westergard and Direct Art Gallery

Kealy Donaldson

NATUROPATHIC INSPIRATIONS Be Prepared and Protect Yourself Ingrid Pincott, ND

SHIFT HAPPENS

When the Outer World Poses a Challenge Allison Pelissier

www.CompassMagazine.ca

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COMPASS MAGAZINE | ISSUE 27 | JUNE/JULY 2020

PUBLISHER'S NOTE Heightening Your Health! In our time, it all arrived very quickly… world-wide pandemic, economic crashes, protests, unrest—and there is still more to come. 2020 has become a reset for some and crisis for others; Canadians should be proud that our country supported individuals and businesses alike considering the unprecedented times and unknown outcomes. Whether you believe the agenda or are following the narrative, we still need to reflect inward to ensure we are at the height of our own health – and our loved ones too! These crises have brought communities together with better communication, understanding and compassion for each citizen as health became top priority. Let’s not abandon that model – health and wellness for each and every one of us, every day, and to include mindfulness moving forward! Iywaashtinishiu (the wind has died down on his/her journey – Cree, James Bay – Northern Dialect). Gilakasla – Marsii!

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compassmagazine@ourmail.com www.compassmagazine.ca

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MAGAZINE PUBLISHER Kealy Donaldson

COVER

CREATIVE DIRECTOR Jessie Stones

Ernest Swanson

Compass Magazine is produced & published on Vancouver Island paper by:

CONTRIBUTORS

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To Advertise & Subscribe Kealy: 250.203.1880 In-Store Purchase $5 | Back Issues $10 Annual Subscription $50 6 Issues Entire magazine contents are copyright. All rights reserved.

Whale (Sgaan) Panel Photo © Steinbrueck Native Gallery

Josh McInnes Bud Logan Gwen Hamling Allison Pelissier Ingrid Pincott, ND James L. Anderson Joseph McLean Kealy Donaldson CONNECT WITH US Facebook | LinkedIn Kealy Donaldson Bud Logan Josh McInnes We acknowledge the financial support of the Government of Canada.

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I s s u e 2 7 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | 5


Photo © Bud Logan Photos © Bud Logan

OFF THE BEATEN PATH

Bud Logan

THE

Forbidden Plateau TRAIL

Looking at a map of Strathcona Provincial Park

containing a secondary red carotenoid pigment in

on Vancouver Island, you will notice an odd shape jut-

addition to chlorophyll. This type of snow is common

ting out on the eastern side—this is Forbidden Plateau.

during the summertime in alpine areas such as found

The Forbidden Plateau Trail is easily hiked, incredibly

up on Forbidden Plateau.

beautiful, and an awe inspiriting alpine plateau of open meadows and lush forest studded with lakes and ponds surrounded by high mountains.

Forbidden Plateau is a very beautiful place full of wondrous lakes and gentle streams that wander through

The area’s name creates curiosity in visitors and locals alike. The story of the name goes like this: Before

flower-filled

meadows

sur-

rounded by subalpine forests. The mountains that frame the lakes create a background to one of the

the arrival of Europeans, the first

prettiest places on earth.

peoples would send their women and children up there when

Hiking on the plateau is a great

the northern tribes would be on

experience and is suitable for

a slave raid. On one occasion,

hikers of all abilities; there is a

after the raiders had left, the

long boardwalk that surrounds the paradise meadows that is

men returned to the plateau to retrieve their families, only to find that they had disappeared without a trace and were never seen again. There was only a red stain on the snow. Thereafter the area became a place of evil spirits and it

wheelchair accessible, and then many more trails that head off to various areas of the plateau. There is an abundance of animals and birds

was forbidden to go there.

here for the photographer, and if you like whiskey jack

This red stain is called watermelon snow, snow algae, pink

mix and pepperoni for them and they like it. There is

snow, red snow, or blood snow, and is a phenomenon

nothing like having numerous birds sitting on you all

caused by chlamydomonas nivalis, a species of green algae

waiting for their share.

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birds, then this is the spot for you. We always bring trail

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WALKING IN THEIR FOOTSTEPS

Photos © Bud Logan

Bud Logan

TAKE A WALK TO THE

Dakota 576 CRASH SITE

Photos Bud Logan

During a stormy day back in 1944, Captain

A short distance from

JM Talbot attempted to make a landing at the Port Har-

the rope sections you

dy airport. With the extreme weather, he missed his

get your first sight-

landing; despite being extremely low on fuel, he was

ing of the crash. The

forced to circle around for a second attempt. Half way

plane is fairly intact,

through this manoeuvre the plane ran out of fuel and

except

he was forced to crash land into the forest just minutes

area,

from making his landing. Captain JM Talbot and his

on the side of a hill.

navigator Captain TS Wordlow were both killed in the

There is a memorial where the cockpit was that details

crash; Sgt. TR Moss who was in the cargo hold survived.

the crash and tells the story of disaster. It's a sombre

There is a trail that takes you right to the crash site, a quick 4 km return. The trail itself begins as an old road that, although a bit steep at the beginning, is easy to walk. During the first part of the hike you gradually begin to get some awesome views of Port Hardy. There

the and

cockpit is

lying

moment as you think about what would have been going through their minds as the plane hit the hillside. You cannot help feeling sad as you take a look around the crash site. Please respect this site and do not remove anything from it.

are many beautiful plants and flowers including some

To reach the trail head, park at the Bear Cove boat

very nice forest sections along the trail, as well plenty of

launch located on the BC Ferry access road. After park-

birds and other creatures to see so be sure to bring your

ing continue towards the ferry dock for just a short dis-

camera. The views and bird life is the reason I always

tance where you will see a narrow old overgrown road

like hiking this trail.

that is paved on your left side: this is the trail head. Near

Eventually the trail leaves the old road and here you begin to run into some muddy sections where you could easily acquire a soaker—I wear rubber boots when I hike this trail. Finally you will reach the high point and begin to head down to the crash site, where you will be happy to see ropes have been installed to make the descent safer. This may be the toughest part of the trail but you are not far from the crash site so keep going.

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the top of the paved section you will see that the trail heads towards the right along an old overgrown gravel road, there are markers to let you know you are going in the correct direction. Bud Logan has lived on Vancouver Island since 1961 and has a deep love of the Island’s wild places. Visit Bud at www.gohiking.ca

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MAGAZINE | 9


Herb Robert Š Bud Logan

FOOD FOR THOUGHT

How Disease and Medicine Came into the World:

A CHEROKEE STORY Bud Logan

It has become a very difficult time for the world. Most countries are in lock down for the long run to try and curb this new virus that is so contagious. So many are losing the fight. So many healers are working hard to save as many as possible. Covid-19 has become a very scary disease.

This brings to mind a Cherokee story about how disease and medicine first came into the world. It tells about the old days when beasts, birds, fishes, insects, plants and the people could all talk with one another. It tells of how they and the people lived together in peace. It tells of how the people lost respect for the world and became so numbered that the animals began to suffer. It tells how they harmed the world with their careless ways and ceaseless slaughter of the animals; it tells of how the people lost the ability to talk with the others. It continues on to tell of a big gathering of animals where it was determined that the animals would curse the people with a variety of diseases that would keep them in check. It tells of the distrust the world now had for the people. It also tells of the plants and how they took pity on the people and presented them with the knowledge of medicine. It tells of how the people learned respect again through the plants' gift of medicine and the people changed and once again learned to live in harmony with the world.

Will we learn from this virus? I pray we do. 1 0 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | I s s u e 2 7

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COMMUNITY IN ACTION

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Ocean Chronicles

Sunrise over the Ocean Photo © Josh McInnes

OUR

OCEAN Josh McInnes

Since humans appeared on Earth, we have been

coasts, creating a temperate climate that would other-

intrinsically linked to the ocean. For thousands of years,

wise be much colder. Ocean currents also transport and

humans have relied on the ocean for food and transpor-

disperse nutrients and organisms across vast distances.

tation. Our connection goes beyond the amenities of life

The California Current moves cold nutrient rich water

to our fascination with the unknown. We know more

south from Vancouver Island to Southern California.

about the surface of our closest celestial object the moon

Along the Pacific Coast, cold nutrient water is deflected

than about the ocean depths.

to the surface as it collides with the continental shelf, in a process known as upwelling. Nutrients and solar radiation

The World Ocean is divided into the Pacific, Atlantic,

from the sun, provide the proper environmental factors

Indian, Southern (Antarctic), and Arctic Oceans. The to-

needed to fuel the growth of phytoplankton.

tal accumulative water content of these basins covers 70% of the Earth’s surface, accounting for 98.5% of the global

Phytoplankton are microscopic photosynthetic organ-

water content making up the hydrological cycle (water

isms, meaning they can create oxygen metabolically from

cycle). The rest of the water is mostly stored in glaciers,

the intake of carbon dioxide and sunlight. It is believed

with 0.32% in ground water, 0.20% in surface waters (lakes,

that phytoplankton provide between 50% and 85% of the

streams, rivers), and 0.10% in the atmosphere. Approxi-

Earth’s atmospheric oxygen content. During the spring,

mately 90% of water enters the atmosphere as it evapo-

increased sunshine allows phytoplankton to exponen-

rates from the ocean’s surface. Evaporation of water also

tially increase in biomass, turning the ocean an emerald

occurs on inorganic surfaces, land, and vegetation. Once

green. As primary producers, phytoplankton are at the

in the atmosphere, water is transported by winds over

base of marine food webs, and are effectively grazed by

thousands of kilometers, where it condenses and falls as

zooplankton. The word zooplankton is derived from the

rain, snow, and sleet. It then is absorbed and consumed

Greek word zoon, meaning animal, and planktos, mean-

by organisms to fuel important physiological process-

ing drifter or wanderer.

es. Some of this water percolates into the soil and rock as ground water. Depending on the latitude, water de-

Zooplankton are taxonomically, morphologically, and

posited in Polar Regions freezes and is stored in glaciers.

functionally diverse. For example they range in size from

Eventually most water returns to the ocean via rivers and

small bacteria of less than 1 µm (micrometer) to relative-

streams, which completes the cycle.

ly large jellyfish over 0.5 m. Both phytoplankton and zooplankton rely on ocean currents to be transported.

Ocean water is constantly circulated around the globe

In contrast, members of the nekton are differentiated

by wind driven currents. These currents have profound

from plankton in their ability to swim, with many species

ecological importance for life on Earth. For example,

acting as major predatory consumers. Large cephalopods

the GulfStream transports warm water along the Atlantic

(e.g. squid and octopus), fish (e.g. tuna, sunfish and salmon),

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A swarm of krill (Euphausiacea spp.) © Josh McInnes

School of Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasii) © Josh McInnes

marine mammals (e.g. whales, dolphins, porpoises, seals

many species to the brink of extinction. Increased cli-

and sea lions), large crustaceans (e.g. prawns), and ma-

mate change due to the consumption of fossils fuels has

rine reptiles (e.g. sea turtles and sea snakes) comprise this

caused an increase in ocean acidification, causing abnor-

category. Members of the nekton rely on species of zoo-

malities in zooplankton development. Such terrible out-

plankton as food. The largest animal on the planet, the

comes can be avoided, by heeding the advice offered by

blue whale, forages almost exclusively on small crusta-

scientists. This includes fishing sustainably and limiting

cean species known as krill.

our carbon footprint. As famous oceanographer Jacques Cousteau once said, “The Sea, the great unifier, is man’s

Ocean ecosystems are divided vertically into depth

only hope." Now, as never before. The old phrase has a

zones. Most marine organisms are found within the first

literal meaning: we are all in the same boat.

200 m of depth within the photic zone (sunlit zone). Here organisms have direct access to sunlight, where biodiverse habitats such as coral reefs and kelp forests can develop. Below the photic zone is the twilight zone, a layer of water that extends around the globe to a depth

Josh McInnes is a cetacean ecologist and research coordinator at MarineLife Studies in Monterey Bay, CA. He taught ocean sciences at the Bamfield Marine Science Centre from 2014-2016. He lives in Victoria, BC.

of 1000 m. Many species of zooplankton found in this region migrate vertically to the surface at night to feed on phytoplankton, and then back down to the depths during the day to escape diurnal predators. No light penetrates below 1000 m and into the dark zone. Here organisms use bioluminescence, a chemical reaction of an enzyme called luciferase produced in specialized cells. The light produced can be used to attract prey, or for attracting a mate. Stretching out from the continental shelf are vast expanses of deep sea abyssal plains. These plains are often ocean deserts that stretch around the globe. Intermittently they collide with undersea mountain ranges known as ocean sea mounts and ridges. These areas are highly productive remote habitats, with many species being endemic. The deepest areas of the ocean are deep sea trenches that extend below 8000 m. Little is known about this region, but species of fish and crustacean have been documented. It is clear that our oceans are an important component of our planet's health. In the last century humans have exploited them for resources at an unprecedented rate.

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sustainably. This has caused ecological shifts, bringing W W W. C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E . C A

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ARTIST FE ATURE

ERNEST SWANSON

GINAAWAAN YALTHDADZEE

STLAAY THL'ANLAAS | CRAFTY HANDS Ernest Swanson has designed for as long as he can

Working professionally as an Artist since 2007, Swanson

remember. “My first memory was with my uncle Fred Yel-

had a unique experience in 2008 when Jim Hart joined him

tatzie, he would sit me on his lap and let me colour and

in Vancouver to finish a totem pole at the Bill Reid Gallery

draw in his sketch book; he was a very talented carver and

where Swanson apprenticed under Jim until the project

designer. I must have been 4 years old. Then later watch-

was finished. After the pole project, Swanson was spon-

ing my chiiniiy Rufus Moody (an Argillite carver) carve in his

sored to take a Jewellery Arts Program with Dan Wallace at

basement in Skidegate. I was fairly young then, maybe sev-

the Native Education College.

en years old,” Swanson says, as he reflects on his humble beginnings.

“I started working with Cedar carving originally; I now have expanded to work in silver and gold jewellery, and argil-

His grandmother Mary Swanson was another big influence

lite where I like to add abalone and catlinite inlays. I also

and supported him to train as a carver. She always told

love to paint on canvas, create cedar wall panels and face

Swanson about his ancestors and history. “She brought out

masks. As a teenager, I was presented my first straight edge

the passion in me to create. She taught the Haida language

carving knife by Lyle Campbell and this opened up a whole

for more than 30 years and by this played a big role in re-

new world to me,” shares Swanson when asked about his

vival of the Haida culture,” he adds.

favourite mediums to work with as a First Nation Artist.

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Swanson’s family is very large and his clan is quite large

show at Coastal Peoples Gallery called Haida Masterworks.

as well. He is Yalthguulaanas Raven clan, growing up in a matrilineal society, under the guidance of many aunties.

Swanson has a wonderful talented 10 year old daughter,

Within Swanson’s family there are many artists. Alec Yel-

Kaiya Skil Jaadee Swanson (Railian). She loves to draw,

tatzie was a famed boat builder who originally lived in

paint, build, and weave macrame. Swanson has included

Howkan but moved to Old Masset. Alec was married to

her to collaborate on some pieces with him when he is

Swanson’s great grandmother Agnes Edenshaw who was

painting. “My daughter is the reason I stayed on Vancouver

the daughter of Charles Edenshaw; Agnes was a weaver and

Island; she is the reason I have not moved back home to

painter. His grandfather Rufus Moody was a Haida Carver from Skidegate. Swanson is very proud to represent his family's names Yeltatzie/

Haida Gwaii. I love being dad, she makes me want to be a better human being,” Swanson says in adoration.

Edenshaw/Moody. Swanson is happily engaged to a wonBorn in King County Washington, Swan-

derful woman who inspires him to be

son never got to meet his father but re-

the best of version of himself and em-

members that he always called and sent

braces the support and insightfulness

letters on birthdays and holidays or just

in their relationship. “Anna has been

to connect. With beautiful carvings from ivory and drawings that Swanson’s father would make into cards, his father would write to him from jail. Serving in the US military as a Green Beret in Vietnam, Swanson’s father was an amaz-

another blessing in my life along with my daughter Kaiya. I need a powerful woman in my life and she's it,” he admits. “We respect each other’s individuality and support that in each other. We have good boundaries and a big

ing artist too. Swanson’s father’s heritage was Pomo Indian

respect for one another. She's also a nurse, we take good

and Mexican from the Round Valley Band in California.

care with each other.”

Swanson, for the most part, is self-taught with oversight

Swanson had many opportunities to train under Beau Dick

from special mentors. “No schools,” Swanson says. “I always

who was a master carver. He always wanted to be mask carv-

wanted to attend the Frieda Design School to be a mask

er, but wanted to train under his own clan as a Haida carver.

carver and learn how to sculpt like that. I've had mentors though who taught me most of what I know, I took Robert

“My mother had a tumor removed from her brain, this left

Davidson designing courses in old Massett at Sarah's long

her paralyzed on one side of her body. At this time Beau

house. I think it was in 2005 Robert gave me an award of

Dick and his mother would visit to help my stepdad out, he

$5000 as an upcoming Visual Artist. This was in Vancouver

was doing the best he could but needed help. Beau would

through the Alliance of Arts and Culture—with this award, I

sometimes board with us or would live in my mom’s home

bought tools for carving jewellery.”

in Old Masset. He offered to teach me but l did not show up very much. Once I moved to Vancouver, Beau once again of-

Swanson has been inspired by so many of the ancestral

fered to teach me but my drive to learn from a Haida carver

Haida, Tlingit, Tsimshian, Salish, Kwakwaka'wakw, Nisgaa,

had me refuse his teachings again. I look back at this now

Gitxsaan, Heiltsuk, Nuxalk Artists. Artist Jim Hart has been

and realize l had the chance to learn under one of the great

a very big part of his guidance and he’s always had deep

carvers of our time with deep regret.

admiration for Hart’s passion, discipline, talent, skill, generosity, humble nature, work ethic, vision and playfulness.

My advice to up and coming artists would be don't turn

Hart hired Swanson as a performer and has performed

down the chance to learn, even if the teacher is not of

with him many times.

your nation. Take the time to learn from those who want to share their wisdom and teachings with you, discipline

Swanson sells to and maintains relationships with galleries

yourself and when you’re educated with that form, let your

and collectors alike. The National Art Gallery hosts one of

work express itself and you will create your own style of

Swanson’s first major jewellery pieces from 2009 from a

work that applies to your cultural values.”

Images L-R Eagle Red Cedar panel; Dogfish Shark Panel, a representation of Ernest's family's house Shark House (Kaad Naay) from Dadens, north west of Haida Gwaii; Killer Whale 'Sgaan' panel. Photos © Steinbrueck Native Gallery W W W. C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E . C A

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ARTIST FE ATURE

A Nuu Way Ernest Swanson Photo © Steinbrueck Native Gallery 1 6 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | I s s u e 2 7

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I s s u e 2 7 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | 1 7


H E A LT H & W E L L N E S S

BEING HUMAN James L. Anderson

UNIVERSE

We call it Universe. It exists all around us,

a CONTINUUM to UNION. A Unity that now exists no-

everywhere. It is a flow, a Continuity that is a rhapsody

where in our present tragic human death march to obliv-

of cyclic, revolving seemingly endless harmony we have

ion and extinction.

spent ages and ages to comprehend. The fulminating wonder each of us call life is part of that sublime, unintelligible

Throughout our history vague undefined intimations of

flow that is universe. And we have primitively fabricated

this yet unimaginable state, or existence have surfaced

the web of dedicated symbolic logic we call Consciousness

in all walks of religion, mysticism and spiritual belief. All

to explain and DEFINE all of it into a comfortable and

Universe is destined to reach a threshold beyond which

stable platform. With this primal platform since ancient

lies perfect total Union. It is an unstoppable, invincible

prehistory our life force has stood upon it to model the

force that cannot possibly be derailed. And that unimag-

“aware” civilization you and I now safely and successfully

inable state of perfect, total UNION of all creation has

have utilized to animate and conquer what we call earth,

not yet occurred. It is still unborn. ( Just so we live in con-

and with which we have voyaged into the unknown we call

fusion, uncertainty and primitive ignorance…yet)

space to journey among the stars.

To begin to believe in and even consider this, imagine how such a cosmos, or Universe would simply present

But in our world of science, technology, Reasoned Logic

itself.

and automated, computerized AI assisted existence this modern world we ignorantly struggle through is disin-

You would have a continual, everywhere progression

tegrating everywhere in endless war, terror, savage in-

towards UNION. This flow towards UNION would then

humanity and ruthless, blind ignorance. Something is

turn into its mirror relationship (which from our primi-

desperately wrong in this consciousness and civilization

tive Life/Death ignorant “awareness” would be perceived

we have created. We must somehow dare to stand and

as flow in the opposite direction, or a retreat.) This flow

evolve, and find another way beyond. You and I.

would then recede because in this Universe perfect, total UNION is yet unborn.

This model and perspective we now primitively comprehend as “universe” is totally wrong. Universe is

This mirrored reverse flow, because of the indomitable,

a compendium that exists and is evolving towards

unstoppable flowing CONTINUUM to UNION that is

perfect, total Union. In fact Universe is actually the

universe, must eventually, irrevocably, regularly and pre-

womb of Perfect, total UNION that is yet unborn.

dictably be re-aligned and synthesized into flow towards

From our primitive fulcrum of “Solitary One” ignorance

UNION once again. And this cyclic rhapsody would re-

we cannot yet even imagine that such an impossible, out-

peat, repeat and repeat again eternally and would splen-

rageous idea could anywhere conceivably be true.

dor apparently in predictable, revolving endless preg-

Beyond our staggeringly inhuman and savagely ignorant

nant anticipation everywhere. Always. Until Perfect, Total

vaunted “intelligence” the simple truth is that Universe is

UNION is born.

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This elemental cycle would then form the Enduring, Faithful, Rhythmic Harmony of all Universe. It would be in the rhythm of the waves, the symmetry of atomic and stellar regularities and the bio-systems of life itself. It now lies everywhere around us when we desperately retreat out into nature and witness the Universe at large, and the sublime heartbeat still beating there. If only we

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could see it. As such what we now define as “discrete essence” and know as the symbolic representation now placed to center the logical symbolic consciousness is an invalid, ignorant, wrong, incomplete perspective. We foolishly see it as a direct reflection of our disconnected, separate, “Solitary One” lives that we tragically cannot yet escape or SHARE. We unfortunately therefore accept and perceive that this “discrete essence” at the center everywhere is also eternally separate, disconnected and inviolably Solitary. Discrete. Forever un-united. This is absolutely incorrect. And we must begin the evolution of our Life Force into a higher consciousness and a New Human World by daring to perceive “discrete essence” instead as a POTENTIAL. A POTENTIAL for perfect, total UNION that totally belongs in and flows with the CONTINUUM to UNION

To our valued community:

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that is the destiny of all Universe and life itself which in our fatal primitive ignorance we have yet to even imagine. And in this way you and I will begin to evolve out of our hopeless, darkening “Solitary One” consciousness towards a New Human Species on this earth. In such a more highly Evolved awareness, we must entertain and begin to create an existence where we believe that we are all destined to finally evolve and learn to SHARE life; Just as Universe is unimaginably destined towards an unborn Perfect, total Unity in an incomprehensible, gloried future world lying ahead of us all. And in that unimaginable sublime evolution we will finally know the meaning of life, and the destiny of all Universe, at last… Because we would be LIVING and sharing it. And Humankind on this earth will belong as one united Life force and survive into A New Way to be Human forever. Imagine that.

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www.james-l-anderson.com

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I s s u e 2 7 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | 1 9


H E A LT H & W E L L N E S S

CREATURES OF

Photos Š Bud Logan

THE NORTHWEST COAST Bud Logan

HUMMINGBIRDS There are two types of hummingbirds that can be found on Vancouver Island: The Anna's Hummingbird and the Rufous Hummingbird.

up to 18 days with an average of 16 days. Usually, the two

ANNA'S HUMMINGBIRDS

Like the other hummingbirds, their food consists of plant

The Anna's Hummingbird was only found in southern California until they began moving north around 1920. They first appeared on Vancouver Island in the late '40s but the first nest wasn't found until the mid 50s just north of Victoria. Since then, they have been showing up on the north end of the island in greater numbers and have become quite at home here. They live year-round on Van-

eggs will hatch 24 hours apart. Young fledge at around 22 days, and hey are cared for by the female for one to two weeks after fledging. The first eggs are laid in January and the second egg laying will take place in March.

nectar, in addition, they regularly snap up spiders when they can. The movement out of California to Vancouver Island can be directly tied into people leaving feeders out. It is speculated that if the abundant feeders that occur throughout the west coast winters were removed, the Anna's population would shrink back to its original range of southern California. RUFOUS HUMMINGBIRDS The Rufous Hummingbird is one

couver Island.

of most aggressive of all species

After raising two broods, these birds move into the high

known for chasing each other

country. However, they return to the nesting sites by ear-

out of their perceived territory.

ly fall where they remain to breed. We keep our feeders

These birds are serious about pro-

out all winter, they visit daily adding a bit of excitment

tecting where they are going to live

to a rather drab winter vista. The female builds the nest

and where they are going to eat. Even

by alternating between plant down and spider webs. She

when they aren't eating themselves they will carefully be

will shape the structure by pushing the material with her

monitoring their feeding areas, you can see them sitting

breast while turning frequently. Construction occurs in

on a branch, close to the feeder with their heads going

the early to late morning. Two eggs are laid. Incubation is

back and forth looking for others.

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of hummingbirds. They are well

W W W. C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E . C A


They first arrive on the island in march to begin courting. The males will go around and find as many females to mate with as they possibly can. The female care for and raises the brood on her own. She will lay two eggs that will hatch in about 14 days.She will likely have two eggs. She will wait for them to hatch about 14 days later. When the temperatures are warm they can hatch in about 10 days. The young depend on their mother for warmth, food, and comfort. They learn how to fly within about a week but they won't be strong enough yet to fly away and care for themselves. That will take a few more weeks. The rufous hummingbirds have one of the longest migration routes of any birds. Some of them go for more than 2,000 miles and that is only one way. They have to be very strong and well-fed in order to be able to make it this type of distance annually. Most experts believe that the hummingbirds have been around for millions of years. They believe that they evolved from larger birds that grew smaller in order to survive on less food. .

The North Island's voice in Ottawa

Rachel Blaney

MP for North Island-Powell River Rachel.Blaney@parl.gc.ca 1-800-667-8404

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I s s u e 2 7 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | 2 1


H E A LT H & W E L L N E S S

WELLNESS ARTIST

John Westergard DIRECT ART GALLERY

While it seems like a lifetime ago to him, John Westergard started his professional photography career in his bedroom in Fort St. James. It was a hobby back then, and he had a colour dark

As Westergard began honing his photography skills,

room in his house, developing seba-chrome tech-

he needed to make a living and get started in the Art

niques (pin-hole photography) and producing slide to

business. He started in Sales selling photographs and

paper prints. At that time, as there wasn’t a lot of in-

learned about picture framing. In Toronto, he was try-

struction in photography, so Westergard hung out at

ing to get into a large Art Show and was denied entrance.

WSD Studios in Prince George to learn as much as he

As he was trying to talk his way in, the President of

could to try to improve his new-found passion.

Larson Juhl, a premier Art Framing Supply company,

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H E A LT H & W E L L N E S S

recognized Westergard and demanded security let him in. This moment was a pinnacle in his career for the then young photographer and he never looked back. Shortly after that, Westergard purchased his first framing studio, located in Vanderhoof, British Columbia. The studio was going under when he bought it and he was able to quickly get it back on track by taking on a sales contract via Omineca, under the Direct Art name, which gave him thirteen locations in Sears and Hudson Bay stores selling art prints. Westergard rose to the Top 2 in Fine Art Sales – Canada wide. This opened a whole new world for his business as he was then offered the licensing for the distribution of Grenwich in Prince George. He closed the Vanderhoof studio within four months of this new opportunity and was full time in Prince George for over thirty years. Not everything turned up roses in Westergard’s life, his father took ill with cancer and he took time away from his professional life which impacted his business and production as a professional photographer. Sadly his father passed away on his birthday and this pushed Westergard to return to his Direct Art Gallery full time and more – working eighteen hours a day to bring the gallery back to its esteemed place in the art world of Northern BC. The market was changing and Westergard was finding the long haul of keeping Direct Art Gallery operational was challenging, so he decided to look at closing the gallery for good. Through the direction of a business acquaintance, Westergard decided to host a liquidation sale which in turn would thin out his stock and enable him to close his gallery doors in Prince George. The sale went well and was extended for months—seven to exact—and that’s when a buyer approached him

nature scenes the Island has to offer. Recently, Direct

and bought the entire store out on the spot. “Clean

Art Gallery hosted Robert Bateman for a one day show

out your desk and pick up the cheque,” Westergard

and the public lined up to meet this world-renown

remembers being told. “Now what?” he thought. He

Naturalist and Wildlife Artist. Westergard encourages

had always loved the ocean, and visited Vancouver Is-

all those who appreciate quality art, photography and

land. So he began looking for a new art acquisition and

mixed medium to visit him and staff at Direct Art Gal-

bought out Campbell River’s Pier Street Framing Post.

lery in Campbell River and notes there will be more

Now happily nestled into the downtown’s Tyee Plaza

shows with big names in the near future!

in Campbell River, Westergard is thrilled to be on Van-

To learn more about Westergard’s photography work

couver Island and shooting all the amazing wildlife and

and Direct Art Gallery, visit directartinc.com

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H E A LT H & W E L L N E S S

NATUROPATHIC INSPIRATIONS Ingrid Pincott N.D.

Photo © Syda Productions / Adobe Stock

Be Prepared

AND PROTECT YOURSELF We as humans endeavor to protect ourselves

state by using vitamin A, Vitamin D, zinc, Vitamin C,

at all costs in the moment but I believe that we can

probiotics and fish oils. Sound familiar? These preven-

protect ourselves much better if we are prepared. I

tive measures are recommended as your first line of

grew up in Brownies and Girl Guides as my mother

defence.

was a leader and our motto was “Be Prepared”. I have lived my life with this motto in mind unconsciously. In getting a higher education I was preparing myself for a lifelong satisfying career. I listened to my step mother to start an RRSP as soon as I graduated and set up practice and started putting aside a meager saving every month. Books like “The Wealthy Barber” and “Rich Dad, Poor Dad” never go out of style in helping us understand the value of paying yourself first. These are some of the things that perhaps you are coming to understand now as we live during “The Year of COVID 19” virus. We are going to be a lot smarter about this virus in 12-18 months from now and also hopefully how we run our lives too! We can perhaps look back on this year as also the “COVID Collaboration Year” as many mainstream science articles (pre- peer reviewed) are being made available worldwide in the sharing of information as it comes available, some of which I am sharing with you here. This article is to review the “Foundations of Health” that naturopathic physicians use daily in their practices, as well as review some of the natural anti-inflammatory herbs to help optimize the body. When we provide the body with the tools it needs, then in its infinite wisdom it is optimized to deal with severe onslaughts that come its way. Most of us have bodies that are in a high state of inflammation causing pain, diabetes, heart disease, ar-

For a second line of defense I recommend bioflavonoids such as quercitin, ECGC green tea, resveratrol and curcumin; and herbs such as echinacea, astragalus and andrographis. Quercitin is especially helpful as we head into the allergy season. These herbs will also support the lungs in susceptible people with asthma and COPD. With all of these supports the degree of inflammation in the body is reduced giving the body a better chance at fighting bacteria and viruses in general. Please consult your naturopathic physician to individualize your program. Self- care should be high on your list to help you deal with stress and anxiety for the rest of the year. This should include getting outside daily walking, getting away from your electronics for “unreachable time” every day. It should also include getting enough rest and reading at bedtime instead of watching T.V. Taking melatonin at bedtime is recommended as a sleep aid as well as for its anti-inflammatory effect on the body. I used it in most of my cancer patients and also for those working shift work. We can choose to be prepared in many different ways as we all do our best in dealing with this, perhaps the biggest challenge of our lifetime. We CAN do this with gentle care. Perhaps you will finally get your earthquake kit together too! Dr. Ingrid Pincott N.D. (Retired)

thritis and many other chronic diseases. Using “Foun-

778-560-4444 or drpincott@drpincott.com.

dations of Health” we can lower this inflammatory

Find an ND near you at www.bcna.ca

2 4 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | I s s u e 2 7

W W W. C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E . C A


H E A LT H920 & W E L L N EHWY SS ISLAND

CAMPBELL RIVER

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Make sure you have a bowel movement every day and

Saunas, either radiant heat or infrared, are effective at in-

taking a fiber, such as flaxmeal or psyllium, treats endo-

creasing the ability to sweat, eliminating toxins through

toxicity which are toxins created in the body in the bowel.

the skin: the second kidney. Exercise also falls into this

Pectasol, a form of modified citrus pectin, has been stud-

category. People such as hair dressers can smell chemi-

ied to remove heavy metals. Colonics are also available (in

cals exuding from their skin after sauna therapy.

Vancouver Island’s largest selection of Courtenay) if required and reduces endotoxicity.

Use air filters in the home to improve air quality. Don’t BOOTS forget toxins come into the home on the furniture and Avoid non organic dirty dozen foods that contain the other household items. highest organophosphate neurotoxic pesticide residues BUCKLES & BELTS according to the Environmental Working Group (EWG) ie Don’t store food in plastics or microwave in plastics. peaches, bell peppers, apples, celery, nectarines, strawMOCCASINS & berries, cherries, grapes and lettuce. Eat foods that help eliminate toxins: Cruciferous vegetaMUKLUKS bles, resveratrol and quercitin foods (ie: blueberries, apGreens in the form of cilantro, spirulina and green vegetaGIFTS ples, & onions, kale), celery, garlic, ginger, green, black, peppermint, rooibos and chamomile teas. bles rich in chlorophyll can bind with toxins such as PCB’s SOUVENIRS for easier elimination, so add a “Greens Drink” to your daiUse chemical free make up and skin care products: ie Lei ly routine. See “Clean, Green and Lean” by Dr. Crinnion. AND MORE! Lani Makeup (Save On Foods) or Jane Iredale.

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For more of Dr. Pincott’s articles visit www.PerceptiveHealth.ca or www.drpincott.com and www.bcna.ca to find an ND near you.

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GROWING UP COASTAL

Joseph McLean

The world is closed to us. Society as we know

and care as they flit between the trees, Ryan's voice crackling

it has shut down, shops are boarded up, classes are over. Play-

on the radio. Telling me the landmarks as he passes them: the

grounds sit quiet, roped off with danger tape. Playdates are all

roots where he once saw a snake. His favourite bike jump. The

cancelled. There are no ice cream stands.

old stump that catches the light and glows like a candle. We know this forest like the face of an old friend, my own memories

And yet, the world is open to us. Outside our door, the sidewalk

stretching back to when I was Kevin's age, hand in hand with my

runs just five hundred metres into the lush green forest, where

mom in the pre-dawn light.

the season is turning just as surely as it has ever done. Billowing ferns crowd the forest floor, and the calls of a hundred birds fill

Sometimes we see her – my mom, I mean. Of course we can't get

the canopy with sound.

close, only yelling our hellos to Grannie as she waves jubilantly from a distance. Sometimes we see our friends. This time, the

They say you should always meditate, except in times of crisis:

radio roars to life with excited hoots and squawks. Against all

then you should meditate more. My family is like that, except

odds in this town of a thousand trails, the children have found

adventure is our meditation. We pack just the essentials: a ban-

the one other person they can hug. "Come in Daddy, we have

daid, a brace of walkie talkies & headlamps. Some clif bars and

found Mommy! Repeat, it's definitely Mommy!" I don't need the

water. A favourite Hot Wheels car. And the sanitizer, always hand

radio to hear the voices rising sweet and happy over the creek,

sanitizer in precious tiny bottles.

mixing and blending with the birdsong overhead.

We look both ways before stepping to the sidewalk, practising

The world is different now. In many ways, it will never be the

a new kind of traffic safety. The coast is clear; no one threatens

same. But the forest remains, at peace in its changing seasons.

our 2 metre bubble. In a few moments we reach the trailhead,

Beneath the moss, the roots are holding strong. We are healthy,

relaxing softly into the safe embrace of the forest.

we are careful, we have each other. With love and care and hope, we go on.

Today the children will take a walkie talkie and march independently into the woods, while their dad shadows them on a parallel trail across the creek. I watch with a mixture of pride 2 6 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | I s s u e 2 7

Joseph McLean lives in Powell River, spending his days with two young kids, a laid-back cat, and a fantastic wife named Katie. W W W. C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E . C A


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8th Annual Central Island Studio Tour goes virtual More than 100 artists have been gearing up for the 2020 Central Island Studio Tour… but it seems COVID-19 has other plans.

The online portal of artists, galleries, venues & more for Central Vancouver Island COMOX VALLEY, PARKSVILLE , QUALICUM, BOWSER, CAMPBELL RIVER, DENMAN, HORNBY, QUADRA & CORTES ISLANDS

In a quick pivot, Comox Valley Arts, the Community Arts Council and organizer of the tour, has regrouped to bring audiences into artist studios virtually, for anytime, year-round viewing. The guide was already digitally accessible through a robust website full of photos of the artists work. Now it’s going further with upcoming livestreams, recorded tours, artist interviews, and panel discussions. The first few are already up and more are on the way. It’s easy to explore. Visit centralislandartsguide.ca and click on an artist! Search for a fave, or search a genre, location, or medium of work. You can save your favourites. You can connect directly with each artist to learn more. Or start on the Virtual Tours page, and go from there. Order a hard copy of the beautiful 2020 Arts Guide, free by mail… as they can’t currently be distributed to usual pickup locations. Artists within the region are also able to join in if they hadn’t already chosen to participate. See website for details.

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LXandra Jewellery / Saami + Roo

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H E A LT H & W E L L N E S S

SHIFT HAPPENS

Allison Pelissier

we want to call in, what matters us, how we want to show up, and what kind of future we want to be a part of. It can feel overwhelming, if the number of unhealed aspects of ourselves is so high that we only have a thread of

When the Outer World IMPOSES A CHALLENGE

patience left. Or, even after years or decades of self-work, there can be persistent restlessness within, or a holding pattern of anxiety that we can’t quite let go of. The level of this “noise,” or amount of discordant frequencies, is our baseline of stress. A certain amount and type of stress is good, motivating us to grow, to be show up as brighter and clearer versions of ourselves. However, when we have ongoing stress at high levels, we exhaust our reserves and life becomes overwhelming. The Lucia light opens a portal of light, a space to rest within, a reflection of the beauty of your being. The solid light opens the sacred space, reminiscent of the sun, warm and nourishing. The flickering light provides a pulse of illu-

Vagus Nerve Illustration © Jessica McGuire

When the outer world imposes a challenging

mination, inviting us to let go, sending waves of clarity through our being. Each journey with the Lucia light recalibrates the nervous system unwinding the network of fascia, relaxing our jaw, muscles, extending our breath. The

and unfamiliar type of structure, such as the current phys-

slight activation combined with deep relaxation, over a

ical distancing directives, unhealed parts from within may

series of sessions, helps us lower our baseline of stress. It is

be triggered. Whatever we usually brush aside in the on-

easier to notice patterns of behavior or reactive responses

going whirlwind of life rises to the surface in still waters.

as they rise and return to a space of inner peace faster. For ultimately it is not about being in a great space all the time,

The invitation is to not ignore these unhealed aspects, but

but more about finding fluidity and grace. Being able to

to acknowledge them, to welcome them with open arms

feel deeply and still maintain or at least quickly return to a

to be seen and respected for their perspective. There is

baseline of peace and stability. Feeling resourced to show

wisdom in these aspects; they arise to protect us as they

up to be a light for others.

acknowledge past moments when we were hurt, taken advantage of, or not cared for in a way that felt loving. How

When we are resourced with a lowered baseline of self-

do you respond when these parts of you rise up, banging

love and self-trust, we can engage with the world around

on the drums of war? We know they are present when our

us in loving way and receive unbounded amounts love

heart starts racing, we hold our breath or we feel sad or

in return. The world opens to us, showering us with syn-

angry, when we feel fear.

chronicities and challenges become opportunities to be creative, grow and seek new outlets to share our gifts with

If we shame these aspects, berate them or feel disgusted by

the world.

what they remind us of, they grow stronger, the fight is on. When we choose to instead sit with them, listen to them

I see you, beautiful being. Thank you for being here in this

and open a conversation with them, we can help them un-

time of transition. If you are reading this, know that you

derstand that we see and hear them, but their concerns are

chose to be here during these times and you are capable of

no longer relevant and we are safe, we can start to grow.

so much. Thank you for being a light to those in your life.

This integration and embodiment, a composting of what

If you feel called to recalibrate during this time of quar-

we have been through to provide rich insights into what

antine, I encourage you to follow that intuition. Whatever

2 8 | C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E | I s s u e 2 7

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in Tahsis, BC way you choose to go within and unwind, know that you

“All that is gold does not glitter; not all those who wander are lost.”

JRR Tolkien

are supported on your path. We are all connected in the great web of energy. The destabilization of the present invites us with more urgency than ever before to consider how and for what we are showing up on this planet. The first step to showing up in this world in a productive and helpful way is to do the self-work. Everyone

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around us is affected by our energy, from our thoughts, to our words to our actions. The ripples of every moment expand and/or constrict the pathways of the future. As the first round of work is done within in this time, there is an incredible amount of innovation happening to keep the connections between us all strong. There are a plethora of opportunities to learn and grow being streamed from every direction. Outside of whatever you feel you have to do during this time, I invite you to make time for the selfwork (self-love) of recalibration. Also, while quarantine may mean taking physical space from most of the world, if you can find someone or a few sweet beings to hug and hold and love in this time, please do. Touch and snuggles

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and hugs and shared smiles are important reminders of our interconnectedness, physiological cues of safety and worthiness. Alone we are divided, together, united. We have the potential to emerge from this period unified in

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more powerful way than ever before.

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While I trust more magic and beauty than we can even

Specializing in the Black Creek / Miracle Beach region

imagine in this moment is coming in the future, I also see

• • • •

much more challenging times ahead. If we wish for a future that is harmonious, peaceful and expansive, then it is imperative that we do the self-work in this time to evolve. Hug yourself, hug your beloveds, hug a tree. Feel the di-

• • • • • •

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vine web of interconnectivity uniting us in a way that is growing stronger every single day. Thank you for reading

The Campbell River

this. Here are some ways to detach from the outside world: •

Spending time in nature

Lucia light sessions (when my office opens again)

Mission is to enrich life in Campbell River by:

• Breathwork •

Drinking herbal tea

Gentle self-touch and massage

If you’re interested in learning more about the nervous system, stress, immunity and recalibration, call Andrea Wagemaker at Shift Happens & Lucia Light in Comox.

www.ShiftHypnotherapy.ca | 250-338-3401 W W W. C O M PA S S M A G A Z I N E . C A

·

· Developing a permanent endowment · Assessing and responding to emerging and changing community needs · Providing a vehicle and service for donors with varied interests and levels of giving in our community

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H E A LT H & W E L L N E S S

EAT LOCAL

Photo Š nikolaydonetsk / Adobe Stock

Stinging Nettle Bud Logan

Stinging Nettle refers to the common nettle,

Stinging Nettle has been used for hundreds of years to

garden nettle, or hybrids of these two plants. While they

treat painful muscles and joints, joint pain, sprains and

are originally from the colder regions of Northern Eu-

strains, tendonitis, insect bites, eczema, arthritis, gout,

rope and Asia, these herbacous shrubs grow in most

hay fever, and anemia. As tea, it works to treat urinary

parts of the world today.

problems during the early stages of an enlarged pros-

Stinging Nettle grows well in nitrogen-rich soil, blooms between June and September, and usually reaches 50 to 100 cm high. Stems are upright and rigid. The flowers

tater. You can make tea, tinctures and creams through various processes that can be used for treating joint pain, sprains and strains, tendonitis, and insect bites.

are usually yellow but can be pink as well. The leaves are

When Nettle is cooked it tastes a lot like spinach so it

heart shaped, finely toothed at the ends. The entire plant

can be used in any recipe that calls for spinach. It can be

is covered with tiny stiff hairs, mostly on the underside

steamed or boiled in the same way. If your harvesting

of the leaves and along the stem. These hairs release

fresh plants use only the young shoots that occur before

stinging chemicals when touched or even just brushed

flowering. Don't forget your gloves! Dried nettle weed

against lightly.

can be used in anything. I've used it in soups, stews, chili,

While the hairs are normally very painful to touch, when they come into contact with a painful part of your body,

and even lasagna! The nettle holds more Iron than spinach making it a healthy choice as wild food.

they can decrease the original pain.

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