Sudbury, ON - 2016

Page 12

GAP BETWEEN RICH & POOR Menezjik waa-daayaat Zhoonyaa gewe eNoondesejik Economic Dependency Ratio (EDR) The Economic Dependency Ratio, as measured by Statistics Canada, represents the “sum of transfer payment dollars received as benefits in a given area, compared to every $100 of employment income for that same area. For example, where a table shows an Employment Insurance (EI) dependency ratio of 4.69, it means that $4.69 in EI benefits were received for every $100 of employment income for the area.” In 2014, the EDR for Sudbury was 19.6, compared to 16.9 in Ontario and 17 in Canada. The EDR was higher for females than males in Sudbury (28.8 vs 14.1), Ontario (24.7 vs. 11.7), and Canada (25.4 vs. 11.8). This trend was observed for Canada’s provinces and territories, as well.

Emergency Shelters | 2015

898 people stayed at an emergency shelter, down from 958 in 2014

64 emergency shelter beds in Greater Sudbury, same as 2014

Source: 2015 Report Card on Homelessness

Average nightly occupancy of shelter beds in 2015 was 86%, up 1% from 85% in 2014

Subsidized Housing Wait Times Increase Wait times for subsidized housing averaged 59 weeks in 2015, up from 53 weeks in 2014. Subsidized housing waiting times vary by unit requests. As of December 31, 2015, 1063 people were on the Sudbury Housing waiting list. This figure is up by only 1 person from 1062 in December 2014. Source: 2015 Report Card on Homelessness

Homelessness Prevention In 2015, 1841 households were supported through the Community Homelessness Prevention Initiative (CHPI), up from 1703 in 2014. CHPI pays for rental and utility arrears to prevent eviction or disconnection from services. Source: 2015 Report Card on Homelessness

Food bank Usage The Hunger Count report, the source for use of food banks across Canada, is only reported at the provincial level. Ontario saw 358,963 food bank users in the month of March in 2015. This represented 2.6% of the population, an increase of 21.6% or 63,735 recipients from 2002; the 2015 figure dropped by 5.7% from 2.76% or 15,735 recipients in 2014. The 2015 figure is 9.5% higher than the national average (2.4%). NOTE: The Sudbury Food Bank is implementing a new reporting system. Of the data reported, there were 22 out of 47 agencies that reported no data. They are anticipating a much improved Hunger Count by next year’s Vital Signs report.

Food Bank Usage in Greater Sudbury | March 2016 8,187 people used food banks 2,623 were adults 5,424 were children An additional 2,160 people in the city used meal providers/programs Source: Sudbury Food Bank & Food Banks of Canada

10

Greater Sudbury’s Vital Signs 2016

Homelessness in Greater Sudbury A 2015 study on homelessness in Greater Sudbury found there were 440 people who identified as “absolutely homeless”, nearly 1,000 were at risk of becoming homeless, and 21 had spent the night prior outdoors. Approximately 45% of the individuals who were surveyed identified as having Aboriginal backgrounds. Note: Lead author Carole Kauppi has stated that the study is far from conclusive as many individuals living in poverty refused to participate in the survey (CBC, 2015). Source: Homelessness in Greater Sudbury: 2015 Period Prevalence Count. Centre for Research in Social Justice and Policy, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario

Living Wage in Sudbury In 2015, the Social Planning Council of Sudbury produced a report titled “The Living Wage for a Family of Four in the City of Greater Sudbury”. The report provides a well-calculated estimate of the annual living expenses of a family of 4 in Greater Sudbury, along with the necessary income to support such expenses. According to these calculations, the living wage for a family of 4 in Greater Sudbury is $16.18 per hour. A living wage is the necessary minimum hourly earnings that an individual needs to earn in order to meet the necessary costs of living. Calculating the living wage for Sudbury is part of a larger movement to ensure all workers are paid a fair wage. Benefits of a living wage include but are not limited to more productive employees, lower staff turnover, poverty reduction, better quality of life, and improvements to the local economy. Source: Social Planning Council of Sudbury