Jackson Township News
200th Anniversary Edition • Thursday, Sept. 24 and Sunday, Sept. 27, 2015
Published by Jackson Township, Grove City, Ohio 43123 Grant Family first permanent settlers
Jackson Township celebrates Bicentennial
Left to right: Fiscal Officer Ron Grossman, Towship Trustees Stephen Bowshier, David Burris and Jim Rauck.
GROVE CITY HIGH SCHOOL • OCT. 3, 2015
2015 Safety Day to showcase public safety services Public safety forces from fire and emergency medical services to law enforcement and military are uniting in celebration of Jackson Township’s Bicentennial to present 2015 Safety Day from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Oct. 3, 2015 at Grove City High School. The public safety education day will include car extrication demonstrations, up-armored Humvee display, arson dog meet-and-greet, distracted driving simulator, and an expected visit by a MedFlight helicopter. Participating agencies in addition to the Jackson Township Division of Fire include the American Red Cross Disaster Services, Box 15 Fire Rehab Services, Franklin County Sheriff’s Office, Grove City Division of Police, MedFlight, Ohio Air National Guard, Ohio Army National Guard and Ohio Fire Marshal. “Safety Day 2015 is going to be a one-of-a-kind event for the residents of Grove City, Jackson Township and Urbancrest,” said Fire Chief Rick Dawson, Jackson Township Division of Fire. “There will be educational activities, and fun for little ones and adults alike.” “Each fire department in Franklin County has a specific duty in the event of a major natural disaster or emergency,” said Jackson Township Administrator Mike Lilly. “Jackson Township’s responsibility is scene decontamination. Our crews are trained and will demonstrate how they work along with an Ohio Air National Guard hazardous materials unit.” The Ohio Army National Guard will also have a climbing wall that visitors can experience. Township fire personnel, thanks to a generous donation from Home Depot in Grove City, constructed a small
Scheduled live demonstrations include the following: • Homeland Response Force Search and Extrication • Bomb, drug and arson dogs identifying targets • Rescue crews rappelling down the outside high school auditorium wall from the roof • SWAT exploration: equipment and training • Hazardous materials unit in operation • Chemical scrub down by emergency personnel • Safety forces practicing reaction to a natural disaster or terrorist attack • Police and military mobile emergency command posts • Franklin County Sheriff’s Office Mounted Unit
house on a 10-foot trailer to simulate a house on fire that young kids can use to extinguish simulated flames using real fire hoses. The windows are painted with flames, and as the fire hoses spray water onto the house the windows collapse simulating the fire is extinguished. “I think children will especially enjoy our kids fire house exhibit that allows them to experience firsthand what it is like to use a real firefighter hose to put out a house ‘fire’ at Safety Day,” Dawson said. The always-popular Jackson
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• Fire department ladder operations and auto extrication • Touch-a-truck including Jackson Township and Grove City Department equipment • Central Ohio Strike Team – advanced rescue techniques • Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Mobile Emergency Operations Center
Township Fire Department’s smokehouse—simulates a smoking house and teaches children how to escape a fire by crawling across the floor to safety—will also be onsite. Several area food truck vendors will be available during the event for meals and refreshments such as Blu Olive, Bubba’s Shaved Ice, Short North Deli and Paddy Wagon BBQ. For more information including photos, go to www.jacksontwp.org, facebook.com/jacksonfire, or twitter. com/JacksonTWP.
Legends & Lore Become a Historical Society member, and keep history alive!
As Jackson Township begins to celebrate its Bicentennial or, if you prefer, its 200th birthday, this is a good opportunity to look back at the township’s early years. The township form of government arrived in the Americas in 1620 and today 22 states have that form of local government. The Northwest Territory, which would allow the creation of Ohio, became a United States territory in 1783 at the end of the American Revolution. To open this new territory to settlement, four states had to give up their claims to the large land mass. Those states included Virginia, Massachusetts, New York and Connecticut. Virginia maintained its rights to a large part of that territory. Virginia retained a portion of the land called the Virginia Military District to compensate American Revolution officers for their service. A portion of that Virginia tract became Jackson Township in 1815. By 1785, the township system of surveying was established in the Northwest Territory; a rectangular grid system was used to survey the land. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and the land survey created a model for creation of the new states of Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1803, Ohio became a state and 12 years later, Jackson Township was created with most of its land taken from Franklin Township and a small portion of Pleasant Township, 37 years before Grove City was established. Most of Ohio’s townships were named in honor of founding fathers, early presidents and unique environmental features. That’s the reason 37 Ohio townships are named Jackson for the seventh president, Andrew ‘Old Hickory’ Jackson who defeated the British at New Orleans in 1812. Hugh Grant was a successful miller, businessman and owner of 187 acres in the heart of Pittsburgh. Once a year, Grant would place his surplus goods on a freight barge, also known as a broadhorn, and float down the Ohio River to the Mississippi River and into New Orleans. There he would sell his goods then dismantle the broadhorn and sell its lumber and head for home. There is no real evidence how he returned but he likely followed the rivers north. For an unknown reason, Grant followed his river route but detoured from the Ohio River and followed the Scioto River into central Ohio. He could have been influenced by others who either had settled or had knowledge of the settlement at Franklintown. Grant fell in love with the rich soil and natural beauty of the area and became determined to move his family from Pennsylvania to the newly discovered wilderness. Being an avid hunter, he recognized the abundance of wild game including turkey, elk, buffalo and deer. The area also had many predators including bear, panthers and wolf packs. It is generally accepted that in 1804 (there are some accounts that indicate it may have been several years earlier) he moved to Chillicothe, the state capital at the time. Grant and family most likely traveled along Zane’s Trace from the West Virginia-Ohio border to Chillicothe. While in southern Ohio, old histories say he traded his 187 acres in Pennsylvania for 450 acres of Virginia Land Grant territory titled to Revolutionary War General Daniel Morgan. Much of Grant’s land would eventually become Jackson Township. Grant and his family of five, made plans to relocate there in 1805. (There are other accounts that say Grant arrived in central Ohio in 1803). From Chillicothe, Grant most likely followed the Scioto Trail, an Indian trail, a route known today as Rt. 23. When Grant moved to the region, the land he purchased was actually part of Franklin Township. It would be 10 years before Jackson Township was created. There were few roads and even the roads that existed were hardly navigable. The Stringtown Road we know today was just a Shawnee Indian path from the Scioto River into the forest. When Grant arrived he was unable to easily identify his land. The family created temporary shelter near the Scioto See CELEBRATE on page 3
Jackson Township & Grove City Map Circa 1883
Jackson Township Bicentennial