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s p e c i a l i s s u e : T H E I N S T I T U T E F O R DATA S C I E N C E S A N D E N G I N E E R I N G

navigating big data


Interim Dean of the School Donald Goldfarb Executive Director of Communications Margaret R. Kelly Special Issue Editor: Kathleen R. McKeown Contributing Editor: Patricia J. Culligan Editor: Melanie A. Farmer Writers: Keren Bergman, Raimondo Betti, Kartik Chandran, Shih-Fu Chang, Michael Collins, Patricia J. Culligan, Garud Iyengar, Angelos D. Keromytis, Andrew Laine, Kathleen R. McKeown, Vijay Modi, Chris Wiggins, Gil Zussman Contributing Illustrators: Andrew Bannecker/Bernstein & Andriulli; Nomoco/Bernstein & Andriulli; Jeffrey Fisher Design and Art Direction: University Publications Contributors: Doneliza Joaquin, David Simpson Columbia Engineering is published twice a year by: Columbia University in the City of New York The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science 500 West 120th Street, MC 4714 New York, NY 10027 Comments, suggestions, or address changes may be mailed to: Columbia University The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science Room 510, MC 4714 500 West 120th Street New York, NY 10027 Phone: 212-851-5993 Fax: 212-864-0104 Email: mf2362@columbia.edu Read more about Columbia Engineering at www.engineering.columbia.edu For more on the Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering: engineering.columbia.edu/idse Find Us Also On: engineering.columbia.edu/Facebook twitter.com/CUSEAS youtube.com/ColumbiaSEAS


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s I embark on my second stint as Interim Dean of the School (I first served in this capacity in 1994–95), I cannot help but compare the School then and now. While technology, engineering disciplines, and applied sciences have advanced tremendously in scope and importance during the intervening years, the School has made even greater strides, with our faculty leading research initiatives that are both highly interdisciplinary and genuinely trailblazing. In late July, our School received significant support from New York City to create the Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering, announced jointly by President Lee C. Bollinger and Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg in a press conference held in the new Northwest Corner Building (see full story on page 40). The Institute, housed in Engineering and led by our faculty, calls for an interdisciplinary approach that fosters increased collaborative research with seven other Columbia units. During the press conference, President Bollinger credited Engineering faculty for their pioneering research, which shaped the core of the University’s proposal for the new Institute, and acknowledged how essential new research space is to the continuing growth of the School. The City’s $15 million seed money will allow the School to jumpstart creation of 44,000 square feet of new space on Columbia’s campus by 2016 and add 30 new faculty members within the same time period. Space has been the only constraint that has prevented Columbia Engineering from being in the very top echelon of engineering schools. This agreement with the City will enable us to expand our research program, faculty, and students at a pace that otherwise would not be possible. The Institute is paving the way for our School’s future development. To provide an insight into the diversity of research that the Institute encompasses, this special issue of Columbia Engineering magazine is devoted to the work that will go on within the Institute’s five centers—smart cities, new media, health analytics, financial analytics, and cybersecurity—and core research initiatives. Written by some of the professors who will be spearheading each of these areas, this issue has been edited by Institute Director Kathleen R. McKeown, Henry and Gertrude Rothschild Professor of Computer Science, with Institute Associate Director and Professor Patricia J. Culligan of the Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics as special contributing editor. I hope the following articles help you understand more about the research initiatives that are the foundation of the Institute and the new paths that will be sparked by the work of these and other faculty members who are part of Columbia’s newest academic/ research/entrepreneurial endeavor. Indeed, this is a very exciting time for the School, and, as we approach our 150th anniversary, we look forward to the momentum that the Institute will provide as we create the next chapter in the School’s history.

Donald Goldfarb Interim Dean and Avanessians Professor of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research


FALL 2012 | VOLUME 54, NO. 1

Contents

Features 5

Addressing the Data Deluge

Data Explosion: The proliferation of data is essentially everywhere and its ever-increasing impact on our daily lives has created an urgent need to manage, collect, and make sense of it all. Our new Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering fills this critical need for the acquisition, synthesis, and analysis of “big data” in five key areas: smart cities, new media, health analytics, financial analytics, and cybersecurity. Faculty—not only from the Engineering School but also from myriad disciplines across the University— are working together to chip away at the challenges posed by this explosion of data. This special issue of Columbia Engineering magazine takes a closer look at some of the research behind the Data Sciences Institute and explores the current and future state of a range of significant topics. From wastewater treatment to the structural monitoring of bridges to rethinking cloud computing security, find out how the Engineering School faculty and their collaborators campus-wide are addressing the problems and challenges tied to this ever-increasing inundation of data.

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By Kathleen R. McKeown and Patricia J. Culligan If properly harnessed, data have the potential to generate knowledge that can drive innovation, create jobs, foster economic growth, transform decision-making, and develop solutions to problems of societal concern, worldwide.

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Big City, Bigger Infrastructure Challenges By Raimondo Betti In the future, a city’s infrastructure could have the ability to monitor its own health through a complex network of sensors that, in real time, will be able to provide an estimate of its structural integrity and, if necessary, initiate corrective actions.

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Shifting from Resource Removal to Resource Recovery By Kartik Chandran The foundation for future smart, sustainable cities requires a novel approach to wastewater treatment and development of new models to “remove” waste from other essential resources.

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Smarter Cities, Smarter Retrofits By Vijay Modi How smart devices can help future urban cities become more resourceful and shrink their environmental footprint.

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Picture This By Shih-Fu Chang The use of digital video is rapidly growing at an unprecedented rate. However, such a massive development creates not only a wealth of opportunity but also a whole set of new and challenging problems.

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More Than Enough Words to Process By Michael Collins The vast amount of linguistic data now in electronic form is posing significant challenges in how researchers manage and access this data through the use of natural language processing technologies.

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Imaging Informatics: Integrating Multimodal and Longitudinal Data for Understanding and Treatment of Disease By Andrew Laine A revolutionary system will help doctors manage large amounts and many different kinds of patient information


33 23 in order to improve their clinical decisions in treating diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and chronic neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

forcing a change in the way many of the problems in this field are being addressed.

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Whither Cloud Computing Security?

Applying Big Data Approaches to Biological Problems By Chris Wiggins We can apply so-called big data approaches not only to biological examples but also to health data and health records. These approaches offer the possibility of, for example, revealing unknown lethal drug-to-drug interactions or forecasting future patient health problems. Such models could have consequences for both public health policies and individual patient care.

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Data-Driven World Fuels Change in Portfolio Selection, Risk Management By Garud Iyengar With the cost of IT infrastructure down, more and more financial transactions are being captured electronically. The quality of financial data is improving, and with that, the quantity of data is increasing. This data revolution is

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By Angelos D. Keromytis Cloud infrastructures represent a tempting and highly lucrative target for attackers. Therefore, the security expectations from cloud computing infrastructures are (or should be) arguably higher than those in traditional computing.

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Smarter Optical Networks for a Congested Internet By Keren Bergman and Gil Zussman Columbia University was one of the main contributors to the development of the Internet, and since the 1980s, it has retained a leading position in the area of networking. Faculty members in the School’s Departments of Electrical Engineering and of Computer Science continue this tradition by dealing with the challenges imposed by the ever-increasing amount of Internet traffic and energy consumption.

News and Alumni 40

Big Data in the Big Apple

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Commencement 2012

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Columbia, NYC Launch New Data Sciences Institute

Xerox CEO Ursula Burns MS’82, the School’s Class Day keynote speaker, urges graduates to help make the world a better place.

Reconnecting at Reunion At Orientation, Meet an Astronaut

Departments 46 57 60

Class Notes Program Notes In Memoriam

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Addressing the Data Deluge By Kathleen R. McKeown and Patricia J. Culligan

s computational technology has advanced over time, so has the abundance of data being generated, collected, and stored in systems around the globe. Along with technological changes, society is undergoing a dramatic transition from a “data poor” to a “data rich” environment in both scientific and business applications. The huge abundance, complexity, and variety of the data that are being produced are challenging scientists and industry alike. This so-called data deluge is arising from the growth of online resources as well as direct collection enablers, including smart sensors, handheld data entry devices, and satellite technology. Smart phones, social media sites, and monitored online consumer behavior also provide new sources of data. While the data deluge continues to raise concerns about personal privacy, the possibilities to create value through the intelligent use and mining of data are enormous. If properly harnessed, data have the potential to generate knowledge that can drive innovation, create jobs, foster economic

growth, transform decision making, and develop solutions to problems of societal concern, worldwide. Columbia’s new Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering will zero in on just that—big data and its full potential. Funded in part through an award from New York City’s Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC), the Institute will enable engineering and applied science researchers to obtain the education, resources, and collaborations necessary to translate a data-rich environment into informational discoveries that offer tremendous potential in innovation, commercial enterprise, and workforce development. This new Institute will comprise five core centers of study and entrepreneurship—focused on New Media, Smart Cities, Health Analytics, Cybersecurity, and Financial Analytics. The 2011 McKinsey report presents the massive scale of what big data represents in its recent assessment of the economy. Among the leading indicators are five billion mobile phones in use in 2010, and 15 out of 17

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Columbia’s new Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering will zero in on just that—big data and its full potential. Funded in part through an award from New York City’s Economic Development Corporation, the Institute will enable engineering and applied science researchers to obtain the education, resources, and collaborations necessary to translate a data-rich environment into informational discoveries that offer tremendous potential in innovation, commercial enterprise, and workforce development.

major sectors in the United States having more data stored per company than the U.S. Library of Congress. The report also states that more than 30 million networked sensor nodes are now present in the transportation, automotive, industrial, utilities, and retail sectors, while over half a billion people worldwide are using smart phones. McKinsey’s report “expects big data to rapidly become a key determinant of competition across sectors,” noting that this is exactly where the workforce will experience a gap in the coming years, with demand exceeding supply by “140,000 to 190,000 positions” in 2012. It is exactly such a diversity of challenges and opportunities that our Institute targets. The late 1990s featured Silicon Valley Internet start-ups, Boston biotech start-ups, and Washington, D.C., “beltway bandits” to support defense and intelligence agency needs. These companies grew organically from the needs, talent, and culture of the local environment. We envision a similar organic growth of start-ups in New York City, addressing the needs and interests of our environment. In New York, the media capital of the world, companies struggle to shift to a new digital paradigm, advertising and marketing turn online, and youth turns to new forms of social media. These changes set the stage for a focus on innovation in our New Media Center. In the New Media

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Section of this special issue of the magazine, Professor Shih-Fu Chang of the Department of Electrical Engineering highlights cutting-edge research at Columbia in the analysis and creation of visual media, such as video, while Professor Michael Collins of Computer Science discusses advances in the analysis and creation of online language, as is carried out, for example, in machine translation. These faculty members highlight their own work as well as that of the many other faculty within the Engineering School who work on the analysis of a wide variety of media, including text, speech, image, video, and social media. New York also faces challenges posed by an aging infrastructure, a need to improve its energy efficiency, and the potential to use data-enabled technology to help its concentrated population live more efficiently. These and other issues set the stage for a focus on data-enabled innovation in our Smart Cities Center. In the section Smart Cities, Professor Raimondo Betti of the Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics describes research that uses advanced sensing to monitor the health of infrastructure in New York and other cities, including vital civil infrastructure such as bridges, while Professor Vijay Modi of the Department of Mechanical Engineering writes about the role of big data in increasing urban energy efficiency. Professor Kartik Chandran writes about

technology that can aid in clean water supplies. Faculty from Electrical Engineering, Earth and Environmental Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science, and Mechanical Engineering, as well as researchers from the Center for Computational Learning Systems, address a wide range of problems in this area. With a diverse population in need of health care and preventative medical interventions, national health care costs have skyrocketed. New York City’s hospitals, including those of the Columbia University Medical Center, are the most advanced in the world in their use of online patient data. Growing demand for effective health care combined with our local talent base in this area set the stage for a focus in innovation in our new Health Analytics Center. In the section Health Analytics, Professor Andrew Laine of the Department of Biomedical Engineering describes research on the analysis of large data sets resulting from medical imaging, which helps to improve patient care, while Professor Chris Wiggins of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics writes about the need for interdisciplinary research of the human genome, an endeavor that promises to provide new understanding of diseases that were previously difficult to prevent and treat. Faculty from the Morningside campus often collaborate with faculty from the Columbia University Medical campus, where biomedical informatics researchers work with clinical data to improve health care, and Professor Andrea Califano’s group works on problems in systems biology involving large genomic datasets. With the almost immeasurable reams of data generated every minute of every day, worldwide, comes a commensurate need to keep data secure and private for its lifetime—for both institutions and individuals that rely on and generate that information. Greater research, technology, and business development in the sphere of security is critical, and we are forming a new Cybersecurity Center as a key part of the new Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering. In the section on Cybersecurity, Professor Angelos Keromytis of the Department of Computer Science explains the new security challenges that arise when computation takes place in the “cloud,” a new way of supporting large data applica-


tions that is becoming rapidly embraced by data users around the globe. Other faculty within the Computer Science Department work on problems ranging from cryptographic theory to policy to algorithms that ensure secure systems. And finally, as New York is the finance capital of the world, it demands technology experts and innovative new approaches to data comprehension, capture, curation, and management—with tremendous opportunities for both entrepreneurship and workforce development. The demands of the finance sector also require particular expertise and drain talent from other industries and sectors. As such, our new Financial Analytics Center will cultivate a larger talent pool and workforce, as well as the technology and applications necessary to further advance this critical sector of the New York City business community. In the section on Finance, Professor Garud Iyengar of the Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR) discusses new methods for analyzing data that can help with financial risk management, an important approach to avoid the problems we have seen in the financial industry in the last few years. Other faculty within IEOR and the Computer Science Department work on related problems, as do faculty within the Columbia Business School. To support and amplify the work of five Institute centers, which all lie at the heart of New York City’s innovation economy, the Institute also will conduct core research on problems that cut across the data sciences and engineering. The research will focus on formal and mathematical models for data processing, as well as on issues concerning the engineering of large-scale data collection, aggregation, transmission, and processing systems. In the section on core research, Professors Keren Bergman and Gil Zussman of the Department of Electrical Engineering discuss Columbia University’s historic and ongoing contributions to the development of the Internet, highlighting new interdisciplinary research in the field of intelligent optical devices that has potential to completely transform network services of the future. Core research within the Institute will also focus on problems in machine learning and data analytics, collaborating with faculty across all centers to apply new

techniques to problems they are addressing. A key focus of the Data Sciences Institute will be on translational research and interaction with industry. As Brynjolfsson, Hitt, and Kim (2011) discovered in their survey of 179 large corporations, those companies that have adopted a “data-driven” decision-making process had 5 to 6 percent greater productivity than companies that followed a more traditional “intuition and experience” approach. Borrowing from the medical field’s translational paradigm “from bench to bedside,” the new Institute will address the continuum from “data to innovation” through a program that spans from basic scientific research through to solutions and technology transfer. New educational models and products will be built to attract and train a diverse cadre of students with the talents to exploit the value of a data-rich society. The Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering will be led by The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science in close collaboration with seven other schools within the University: Columbia Business School, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Mailman School of Public Health, the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia Journalism School, the School of International and Public Affairs, and the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation. Through interaction with a coalition of industry and community partners and startups and the NYCEDC, the Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering will form an innovation hub that can help harness the power of our data-rich society through novel research and enterprises that have local, national, and global impact.

Kathleen R. McKeown (top) is the inaugural director of Columbia’s Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering and also is the Henry and Gertrude Rothschild Professor of Computer Science at the Engineering School. A leading scholar and researcher in the field of natural language processing, McKeown focuses her research on big data; her interests include text summarization, question answering, natural language generation, multimedia explanation, digital libraries, and multilingual applications. Institute Associate Director Patricia J. Culligan (bottom), professor of civil engineering, is a leader in the field of water resources and urban sustainability. She has worked extensively with The Earth Institute’s Urban Design Lab at Columbia University to explore novel, interdisciplinary solutions to the modern day challenges of urbanization, with a particular emphasis on the City of New York. Read more about the Institute’s leadership on page 41.

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Smart Cities Research conducted by the Institute’s Smart Cities Center will develop and monitor green infrastructure and buildings, improve the power supply through smart grid technology, detect and counteract problems with aging urban infrastructure, calculate and communicate optimal transportation routes under congested traffic conditions, and deploy sensing devices to facilitate everyday activities in a crowded urban environment.

Big City, Bigger Infrastructure Challenges By Raimondo Betti

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here is no doubt that the infrastructure of current and future large cities is a critical issue in our society. The importance of infrastructure to both the fabric of society and its economy is nowhere more apparent than in our urban centers. Its fragility as it ages is exemplified by incidents like the recent collapse of the I-35W Bridge in Minneapolis, but the problems are generally pervasive and less evident. One key problem: money. Budgets set aside for infrastructure maintenance and monitoring are slim, but the costs tied to them, steep. Public (federal and state) expenditures on infrastructure grew slowly (1.7 percent per year) from 1956 to 2004, and slightly more (just 2.1 percent) in recent

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years. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) estimates that upgrading the nation’s infrastructure system will cost $2.2 trillion over a five-year period. The Federal Highway Administration reports that the costs resulting from the loss of a critical bridge or tunnel could exceed $10 billion. ASCE estimates that Americans spend $54 billion each year on vehicle damage repairs caused by poor road conditions. Our water systems are also failing. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), there are 240,000 water main breaks per year in the nation with an estimated waste of some six billion gallons of drinking water each day. The crucial role of infrastructure as an indicator of the health of a society was eloquently described by the Civil Infrastructure System Task Group


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Increasingly, the infrastructure of the future is being envisioned as having the ability to monitor its own health through a complex network of sensors that, in real time, will be able to provide an estimate of its structural integrity and, if necessary, activate corrective actions.

Raimondo Betti specializes in the areas of structural dynamics and earthquake engineering. His research interests range from health monitoring of structures to analyzing corrosion in high-strength bridge wires. For the past five years, Betti has worked on the development of a state-of-the-art corrosion monitoring system to be used in main cables of suspension bridges. Betti, who joined Columbia Engineering in 1991, is professor and chair of the School’s Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics.

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of the National Science Foundation in its 1993 report: “The rise and fall of a civilization ultimately is linked to its ability to feed and shelter its people and to defend itself. These capabilities depend on the vitality of its infrastructure—the underlying, nearly imperceptible foundation of a society’s wealth and quality of life. A civilization that stops investing in its infrastructure takes the first step toward decline.” Today this call to action is even timelier, and advanced sensing technologies, whether for roads, highways, bridges, or water systems, are providing us with a new and improved way of addressing this need. Increasingly, the infrastructure of the future is being envisioned as having the ability to monitor its own health through a complex network of sensors that, in real time, will be able to provide an estimate of its structural integrity and, if necessary, activate corrective actions. For example, modern bridges are built with a sensor network that can reach up to 10,000 sensors, monitoring, in real time, accelerations, deformations, tilting, temperature, wind speed, humidity levels, etc. This new trend is especially applicable and needed for aging infrastructure for which continuous monitoring becomes essential for safe operation. In other engineering fields—mechanical, aerospace, and electrical engineering—such diagnostic philosophy is common, but only recently has it found consideration in civil infrastructure applications. There are similarities with other applications to be copied here, but there are also many profound differences and challenges as well that must be addressed. A key area of the research thrusts in structural monitoring will be a thorough in-

vestigation of different types of sensors for a variety of infrastructure applications (e.g., flow meters to detect leaks and blockages in pipelines or motion sensors for structural integrity of bridges and buildings). Of course, existing sensor technologies where appropriate will have first consideration, but where needed, development of new sensors need to be pursued. For example, a monitoring system for main cables of suspension bridges, developed at Columbia University, integrates many types of sensors for corrosion, temperature, pH, and other characteristics needed to assess the condition and remaining strength of main cables which, to date, are not readily inspected. Some of these sensors already have successful records in other applications but are not necessarily transferrable to suspension bridges. The cross-disciplinary character of sensor development and handling the large amounts of data are ideally suited to the broad-based data center focused on Smart Cities that the Engineering School intends to create. Expeditious collection and processing of the large amounts of data requires new methods of communication that will also be a subject of research. Instead of installing a new communication infrastructure, the infrastructure itself will be used to transfer information. We will investigate ad hoc wireless networks, communications over the power network, and intermittently connected networking techniques. Since in large urban areas there will be large numbers of sensors connected in complex networks, special attention will be given to networking techniques that process sensor readings during collection to reduce the required bandwidth. In addition, the


power requirements for monitoring widely in transportation, water distribution, and sewer systems of large urban areas can be mitigated by focusing on use of low bandwidth communications to perform infrequent “meter reading” or to summon an intermittently connected networking collection device (with mobile radio and storage nodes for water and sewer lines or with passing trains in the subway system). The use of sensor information in assessment methodologies to evaluate the structural health of the aging infrastructure system, even when the information is less than complete for the numerical models of the specific system, will enable quick response reactions in keeping with the management models that will be developed. Our Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics (CEEM) Department is uniquely positioned in the area of Structural Health

Monitoring (SHM). Keeping its strength on the mechanics end of the spectrum, the CEEM Department has created a group in SHM comprised of leading experts in research areas critical to our goal of remedying aging infrastructures. My own research and that of Professor Andrew Smyth focuses on structural health monitoring and damage assessment of different structural systems, such as bridges and buildings, while Professor George Deodatis brings to the group his expertise on uncertainty quantification. Professor Maria Feng is working on the development of innovative technologies for novel fiber optic and vision-based sensors as well as on microwave imaging technology. Professor Richard Longman, a world-renowned expert in control theory, complements the CEEM SHM team with his work on vibrationbased system identification.

This strong SHM group will continue to concentrate its research initiatives, critical to our goal of remedying aging infrastructures, in the areas of evaluation of existing sensor technologies and development of new sensors; collection, processing, and communication of large amounts of data; data and sensor fusion; power requirements for large sensor networks; data interpretation and system identification; structural health monitoring and damage assessment of different infrastructure evaluation types (e.g., bridges, buildings, pipelines, etc.); and quick response assessment. As part of the Institute’s program, we will be training a new generation of civil engineers in both the use of such tools and the development of new ones to ensure that our infrastructure, and our civilization, continues to advance.

Shifting from Resource Removal to Resource Recovery By Kartik Chandran

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y many accounts, about 70 to 80 percent of the world’s population will reside in cities or urban metropolitan regions by 2050. Such a localized migration will impose severe stresses on water, food, energy, and other resources unless adequately managed. Today, the model of resource utilization is that of one-time use followed by removal. For instance, water is treated using high degrees of energy and resource inputs for potable, domestic, industrial, and agricultural purposes. Worse, still, we use treated water as a convenient medium to flush away the waste products that we generate as a society. On average, in the United States, we use 100 gallons per person per day. Used water or wastewater is simply discarded into receiving water bodies with or without further treatment. Conventional wastewater treatment is increasingly required across the world. Its implementation demands more energy and resources. Ironically, in many cases, treated wastewater is much cleaner than the water bodies into which it is discharged. Thus, if we just take the “engineered”

water cycle, what we have achieved is possibly the same water, but with the input of copious energy, resources, and money . . . twice. Our society follows a similar model for yet another important resource—nitrogen, which is an essential nutrient and drives crucial cellular metabolic processes, including plant growth. The fixation of atmospheric nitrogen (N2) in the form of organic nitrogen via the Haber-Bosch process was one of the most exciting developments of the previous century. However, the Haber-Bosch process remains rather energy intensive. Subsequently, the overapplication of nitrogenous fertilizers around the globe has resulted in severe negative impacts on the water environment (by runoff of nitrogen). It has also affected the atmospheric environment by the emission of nitrous oxide (which is 300 times more potent than CO2 as a greenhouse gas over a 150-year timeframe and is also an ozonedepleting substance) and nitric oxide (which is also an ozone-depleting substance).

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Sewage offers enormous potential for recovery of resources such as smart soils, chemicals, synthetic nutrients, fertilizers, bioplastics, and alcohols as pictured above, clockwise. Resource recovery as opposed to resource removal serves as a far superior model to follow for future sustainable cities.

Human beings also discharge fixed nitrogen as “waste,” especially from cities, where the discharge load could be as high as 200 tonnes per day, as it is in New York City, for instance. The approach to solving this nitrogen problem has once again been to devote inordinate amounts of energy and resources to “remove” the nitrogen by converting it into benign N2 gas. Once again, we end up with N2, but by sinking in resources, energy, and money . . . twice. Therefore, the same redundant model of (1) investing resources to produce water, food, energy and (2) reinvesting resources to “remove” wastewater, food waste, or other waste is repeated over and over again. If we don’t change this model, there simply won’t be enough resources to sustain the projected human population on this planet and certainly not 80 percent of this population in highly clustered cities. Therefore, we need to switch to what I call “resource recovery,” which can be a foundation for future sustainable and smart cities. The shift from “removal” to “recovery”

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has been widely welcomed by the traditional wastewater treatment industry worldwide. One excellent example of this shift is a wastewater treatment plant in Strass, Austria, which has gone from being a net power consumer to a net power producer, by combining anaerobic digestion (for carbon and energy recovery) with a novel, cost-effective and energy-efficient process for anaerobic nitrogen removal. Closer to home, researchers at Columbia have been leading similar efforts. For instance, Professor Nickolas Themelis, director of the Earth Engineering Center, has been pioneering work related to waste to energy using physical and chemical technologies. Indeed, the Waste to Energy Research and Technology Center, which Themelis founded, has been actively engaged in energy recovery from waste around the world. Researchers in my laboratories at Columbia Engineering are working more toward developing advanced biological technologies, which can provide an even more flexible platform and foundation for


energy, resource, and water recovery. For instance, we work with researchers at Strass, Austria; DC Water; Hampton Roads Sanitation District in Virginia; and the New York City Department of Environmental Protection to bring such technologies to the United States for the first time—at full scale in communities, where, on average, many hundreds of millions of gallons of wastewater are produced and treated. In our project in Ghana, we are converting fecal sludge into biodiesel and methane. Currently, about two billion people across the world do not have access to sanitation, very simply because they cannot afford to build or operate massive energy- and resource-intensive centralized large-scale wastewater treatment systems. The development of technologies focused on resource recovery (chemicals, energy, fuels), such as the one in Ghana, allows access for such populations to sanitation. Further, by monetizing the products, the funds generated can be fed back into the local populations for additional societal improvements. Another example of such technologies, based on microbial fermentation, was developed and implemented at pilot scale in New York City as early as 2001. These types of recovery technologies do not have to follow the centralized infrastructure model. Rather, they perform much more efficiently when used in a distributed, decentralized fashion. Several high-rises in Manhattan, for example, already recycle and reuse water. The technologies developed by my group add yet another dimension to this by recovering not only water but also chemicals and biofuels. For instance, on the ninth floor of the

Mudd Engineering Building, we have been converting food waste from the Carleton Cafeteria to chemicals since 2009. These chemicals include precursors for pharmaceuticals as well as biodiesel and microbially produced oil. However, the problem of resource recovery and sustainable cities cannot be solved by engineers alone. The involvement of other disciplines such as public health and architecture is rather crucial. So is the involvement of policy makers, who can drive regulations, not based on antiquated “removal” but on “recovery” practices. In this framework, the work of Dean Linda Fried of Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health relating to urban demographics and that of Dean Mark Wigley of the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation on specific demographics-targeted cities is especially significant. The dimension of art and artists in rejuvenating local communities as led by Columbia’s School of the Arts Dean Carol Becker is especially crucial as well. Finally, the worldwide efforts of The Earth Institute at Columbia, led by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, that thread together these different aspects to create a better planet and society are extremely critical on this front. Columbia University and the Engineering School are especially poised to make significant breakthroughs in the field of engineered resource recovery and in reshaping and redesigning future cities that are smart and sustainable. In order to achieve this effectively, we will need to work together with our colleagues University-wide.

We need to do away with this redundant model of investing resources to produce water, food, energy and reinvesting resources to “remove” wastewater, food waste, or other waste. If we don’t, there simply won’t be enough resources to sustain the projected human population on this planet.

Kartik Chandran’s work on the global nitrogen cycle and engineered wastewater treatment has been widely recognized. Chandran, who is associate professor of earth and environmental engineering at Columbia Engineering, sits on the board of trustees of the Water Environment Federation. He received his PhD in environmental engineering from the University of Connecticut in 1999, and in 2009 he won an NSF CAREER award for his research on the link between engineered wastewater treatment and climate change. In addition to these accolades, he is the recipient of the WERF Paul Busch Award for water quality research. In 2011, Chandran received a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to develop a revolutionary new model in water and sanitation in Africa. His research has been profiled in Discovery News, Science, U.S. News & World Report, and on Deutsche Welle Radio and NY1 News, among other media outlets.

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Smarter Cities, Smarter Retrofits By Vijay Modi

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n decades to come, urban areas are poised to become both the engines of growth and engines of change as we recognize the importance of efficient resource use and quality of life. To this end, a data-driven system is more likely to be adopted to make these necessary improvements, taking into account human behavior and the physical environment. When it comes to resource use, urban environments are efficient by design but are also vulnerable to the supply chains that connect the cities to the world. High population densities and coastal locations also make them vulnerable to risks from extreme climatic events. Increasing resilience and reducing the environmental footprint will require a multipronged approach with lower consumption, more efficient use, reuse of resources, and integration of the energy, materials, water, sanitation, and transport systems. A data-driven balancing act will be required if we are to accomplish this transformation while adding to the quality of life and while retaining the vibrant economic landscape of the city. It is difficult to dramatically reshape the physical infrastructure of the city, and thus it will require both information and intelligence so that we can achieve change through smarter retrofits and through social and economic incentives that drive our behavior. In New York City, buildings use nearly 75 percent of all the energy consumed in the city. So clearly, the built environment is of significant interest as we seek ways to reduce energy use. We need to look both within and outside of the buildings for a system-level transformation of the energy system. We can talk about the “transformation of the energy system,” but the word “system” tends to become more real when people can appreciate the need for different physical scales to interact with each other. These scales can vary, from the interconnected power grid of the eastern United States to your city or metropolitan area, your neighborhood block, or even to your building, right down to the home appliances you use. Information flow is essential for such an interaction. We can learn much by looking at the behavioral aspects of energy conservation at the scale of an individual’s home. Without severe economic penalties, we, as residents, are less likely to monitor the thermostat setting in different rooms of the house, customize it to our workday, or to our schedules and extracurricular activities, or change it daily in response to the weather outside. In a data-driven world, we can learn from our occupancy pattern in each room, or from the lights and appliances we turn on and off at different times of the day.

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A smart device might begin to discern our very specific needs and, accordingly, adjust the settings in response to individual comfort levels and the weather, thus allowing us to conserve energy without compromising comfort. In fact, the more data a smart device can gather, the less an individual will need to be involved in actively making any adjustments, and when the device makes the decisions, energy use will be cut. This idea could apply to adjusting the light and heat a window lets through. It also can apply to something as simple as knowing when the next bus or train will arrive at your desired stop, even though you are still at home. Perhaps this smart device could allow you to view specific and customized public transportation information right from your watch, so every time you look at the time, you would be informed of the exact moment you need to leave your current location in order to catch the next bus. You may or may not want the transit system to know where you are, but there are other ways in which a data-driven system could be useful. One that allows buses to move along the road at a predictable speed could lead to better utilization of the fleet, as well as provide a vastly improved customer experience. This ultimately would encourage greater use of public transportation, another energy saver. Moving from the impact of energy conservation at the individual level to the scale of multi-buildings, a block, or a neighborhood creates opportunities for significant energy savings. For example, large college campuses are beginning to exploit this potential by deploying cogeneration plants (utilizing the heat rejected from gas-fired or municipal solid waste–fired power production) or cost-effectively utilizing geothermal heat. Identifying opportunities for a cluster of buildings to interact with each other is something that requires an understanding of the specific use to which energy is put in your building and buildings around you. An electricity-generating power plant in your neighborhood, feeding excess to the grid and fully utilizing the waste heat, while allowing additional heat to come from the utility, requires real-time coordination. A group of buildings that can utilize nearly all of the waste heat from a large enough power demand to justify an efficient but decentralized local natural gas–fired power plant could end up significantly reducing both energy demand and emissions while increasing resiliency in the electric grid. Such a decentralized power plant could also replace the gas-fired power plant with rooftop solar-photovoltaic power during the daytime, obviating the immediate need


NEW YORK CITY OF LIGHTS

Energy consumption at tax lot level

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ESTIMATED ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION The map provides an estimate of the building energy consumption (“delivered” energy as opposed to “primary” energy) throughout New York City. The estimate is specific to the weather of New York, specific to the particular function of the building and specific to the built-up area of the building.

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A 100-watt lightbulb turned on for ten hours uses one kilowatt-hour(kWh) of energy. Data sources: New York City Department of City Planning New York City Office of Long-Term Planning Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Authors: Professor Vijay Modi, Bianca Howard, Shaky Sherpa ©2012 Modi Research Group, Columbia University

The annual building energy consumption was estimated using ZIP code-level energy usage, on electricity, natural gas, fuel oil and steam consumption for the year 2009 as well as building information obtained from MapPLUTO (a NYC Department of City Planning geographic database). With these two data sources through statistical regression we were able to estimate annual energy usage intensities. Energy usage intensity (EUI), is annual energy consumption divided by the total building floor area. These are “delivered” energy intensities and not “primary” energy intensities. This distinction is critical since “primary” energy utilized to produce electricity can vary with the type of power plant. Finally, for visualization purposes only, the energy use was normalized by the block or tax lot land area. This map was developed as part of a NSF IGERT funded research project in the School of Engineering and Applied Science at Columbia University

This map represents an estimate of the energy consumption for each of the buildings on a lot or block in New York City. The buildings with larger energy consumption are shown in dark reds and lower energy consumption, not necessarily more efficient, are shown in lighter shades of yellow. The breakdown values for energy use range from less than 50 kilowatt-hour (kWh) (lower end) to greater than 5000 kWh (higher end) per square meter of block/lot area. (A 100-watt light bulb turned on for 10 hours uses 1 kWh of energy.)

to store solar power. Smart meters can allow such a coordination to occur. Considering a system as massive as the eastern U.S. power grid, an occasional shortfall in power could be managed by allowing smart meters to potentially shut off less critical appliances. Or the energy shortfall could be made up by drawing power from the batteries of plug-in hybrid cars that were previously charged from the grid at times when clean energy was available. Perhaps the biggest contribution of a data-driven city will be that data will allow us to experiment at a smaller scale with different changes, learn how those changes are being accepted, and learn the consequences of those changes, all before recommending large-scale changes that would have a significant impact on a city and its inhabitants. At Columbia Engineering, we are working on creating the tools to understand the potential scale of such opportunities—pin-

pointing the low-hanging fruit that can allow us to make initial investments to create pilot projects and figuring out how to provide the information that will allow many different players to get involved, while reducing design and deployment costs. Our efforts encompass the chain of technologies from sensors to monitoring platforms, software, and hardware to meter and manage at the decentralized level as well as the design, control, and operational logic for the large-scale smart grid efforts. As economist Edward Glaeser recently pointed out, while it may appear paradoxical that electronic communications are making cities more, rather than less, important, it may actually be fortuitous that this is so, since electronic communications will be the underpinnings that ensure the future vitality of the city.

Vijay Modi is a professor of mechanical engineering at Columbia and a faculty member at the University’s Earth Institute. He earlier led the UN Millennium Project (MP) effort on the role of energy and energy services in reaching the Millennium Development Goals. Modi is a leading expert and scholar in energy sources and conversion, heat/mass transfer, and fluid mechanics. He currently works on, among other projects, low-cost smart micro-grids, examining the foodenergy-water nexus in Indian agriculture, design and planning energy infrastructure, and energy technologies for sustainable development. His laboratory has developed monitoring and data capture and visualization tools such as Sharedsolar, Network Planner, and Formhub.

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Data Columbia Engineering

New Media The New Media Center will address the automated customization and targeting of online advertising, the creation of new forms of smart media to augment traditional publishing and journalism, the acquisition and analysis of data from social media, and the extraction of useful information from online multimedia, including text, speech, video, and images.

Picture This By Shih-Fu Chang

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hanks to the pervasive adoption of digital video devices and the convergence of distribution channels, the use of digital video is rapidly growing at an unprecedented rate. Online video site YouTube reports an extraordinary trend of video traffic growthâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;60 hours of video are uploaded every minute, and more than four billion videos are viewed every day. Compared to the established fields, the number of videos uploaded to YouTube alone in one month is already higher than what is created by the three major U.S. television networks combined over a period of 60 years. Major growth trends of digital video use can also be found in other areas such as surveillance, advertising, consumer media, education, and science. However, such a massive development creates not only a wealth of opportunity, but also a whole set of new and challenging problems. How

can we develop robust automatic techniques to extract useful structures and information from video to support intuitive search and browsing interfaces? How can the rich information of multiple modalities (audio, visual, text) and metadata associated with the video be combined to detect semantic information and topics in the video? How do we optimize the presentation of video programs for different users based on their personal interests, tasks, and device platforms? Finally, how can we track the evolution of video-related memes on social networks and understand their impacts on community sentiments and social trends? These opportunities have stimulated exciting development and research in both industry and academia. Large-scale sharing and streaming of videos have become possible in commercial services such as YouTube and Netflix. Content identification on the scale of tens of millions is deployed

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The explosion of digital video is fueling not only a wealth of opportunity but also a whole set of new and challenging problems.

Shih-Fu Chang is the Richard Dicker Professor of Telecommunications, professor of electrical engineering, and professor of computer science. He has made significant contributions to multimedia search and analysis, visual communications, and media forensics. Chang is an IEEE fellow and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and has served as editor in chief for IEEE Signal Processing Magazine (2006–2008) and chair of Columbia Engineering’s Department of Electrical Engineering (2007–2010). In 2011, he received the ACM SIGMM Technical Achievement Award, and in July of 2012, he was appointed senior vice dean of Columbia Engineering.

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commercially for copyright infringement prevention and video program recognition. Augmented TV with content augmentation, interactive control, and personalization has been identified as a major trend that will influence business strategies and consumer experience in the next few years. In academia, digital video research has also attracted a large number of groups across the world and spurred large funding programs, including digital libraries in the 1990s and, recently, several large programs from government agencies like the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA). Columbia researchers have led this field for several decades. Starting in the late 1980s, Columbia has actively led the development of video coding and retrieval standards, such as MPEG-2, MPEG-4, and MPEG-7. Columbia Engineering Professor Dimitris Anastassiou’s invention on video deinterlacing formed the foundation of Columbia’s original contribution, the only university component in the consortium that developed and organized the patent licenses used in almost every form of digital video product and application today, such as DVD and Internet video. My research group has developed some of the earliest video search engines that allow intuitive access at the semantic concept level and advanced content-based matching functionalities. Working with cross-disciplinary collaborators, we have demonstrated several top-performing prototype systems for searching videos in news, consumer media, biomedicine, and aerial surveillance. Columbia Engineering Professor John Kender’s group developed advanced indexing techniques and search interfaces that allow users to browse lecture videos via different modalities (visual, text, diagrams, and faces). Together with our Engineering colleague Professor Dan Ellis, who specializes in audio and music recognition, we are currently working with industry partners, including IBM and Raytheon BBN Technologies, to develop nextgeneration systems that can detect highlevel events (such as complex human activities and social events) and generate intuitive recounting of multimodal evidences found in the digital video clips. In addition, my

group and Columbia Engineering Professor Steven Feiner’s group are collaborating with industry partners in using digital video and virtual reality technologies to develop new applications such as digital signage, mobile search, and semantic aware augmented reality. Our research team at Columbia is privileged by having the opportunity to collaborate with colleagues from many other disciplines, such as professors at the Columbia School of Journalism, Columbia Business School, the Biomedical Informatics Department, the Department of Psychology, and Teachers College. For example, we are working with the Journalism School and collaborators from Stanford University (Bernd Girod) to develop an intelligent, personalized TV system that will provide real-time personalized TV news services in a style similar to Pandora’s system for personalized radio. We are also working with Professor Paul Sajda of Biomedical Engineering to develop new image retrieval systems using hands-free brain-machine interfaces and novel ways of fusing computer vision and human vision capabilities. Beyond these topics, many long-term challenges and opportunities also arise at this revolutionary stage of digital video. The introduction of depth sensors and 3-D capturing devices, like Kinect and 3-D cameras, will fundamentally transform the user experience and the representation and processing of digital video. The increasing use of digital video in social media networks will provide valuable insight for understanding the semantic content of digital video, as well as discovering the role of video in shaping sociopolitical trends. In the age of citizen journalism and distributed crowd sensing, digital video provides a new tool for sensing the user activities, realworld environment, and natural phenomena. Success in extracting information and discovering knowledge from the rich multimodal sensor data in digital videos will be important for many applications such as smart living, emergency response, and social study. We are ready to tackle these challenges and continue to lead innovation in this field by building on the prior success in research and also creating new initiatives that skillfully combine the strengths of many disciplines across the University.


Data COLUMBIA ENGINEERING

More Than Enough Words to Process By Michael Collins

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anguage is pervasive. It constitutes one of the most complex forms of human behavior and offers a rich problem domain for computational and data-driven approaches. Natural language processing (NLP) deals with the interactions between computers and human languages, often using machine learning to approach problems in text or speech. The vast amount of linguistic data now in electronic form is posing significant challenges (and opportunities) in how we manage and access this data through the use of NLP technologies. Key NLP problems include how to search and browse language data effectively; how to extract useful information from language data, turning unstructured text into structured (database) representations that support a wide range of queries; how to automatically translate between languages; how to summarize single documents or collections of documents; how to develop interfaces that allow us to search or browse speech data; and so on. Researchers at Columbia have made seminal contributions to a wide range of NLP problems. A key example of an NLP problem is parsing, which seeks to identify the underlying syntactic structure of sentences.

Parsing is central to NLP and underpins many natural language applicationsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;for example, identifying the main verb of a sentence, identifying the arguments to the verb such as its subject and object, and identifying other relationships between words in a sentence. Syntactic structures and the parsing problem are critical ideas in both NLP and theoretical linguistics. The idea of syntactic structures, in fact, stems from Noam Chomskyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s PhD thesis work and has been a central focus of linguistics ever since. The parsing problem is relevant to a vast range of applications in NLP. It is a very challenging one because of the complexity of natural language syntax and the extraordinarily high level of ambiguity exhibited by natural languages. Dramatic progress in the accuracy of natural language parsers has been made over the past couple of decades. They are now in widespread use in NLP applications. The key reason for this success has been a shift to statistical models, which integrate techniques from machine learning together with linguistically detailed grammars. In the mid-1990s, I developed one of the earliest high-performing statistical parsers and have since created a

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series of models with increasing levels of accuracy. My colleague Owen Rambow, a research scientist with the Center for Computational Learning Systems (CCLS), has made fundamental contributions in the area of tree adjoining grammar (TAG), a syntactic formalism that blends linguistic precision with powerful computational properties. Fellow CCLS research scientists Nizar Habash and Mona Diab are leaders in the area of Arabic language processing. Arabic is a challenging language from a parsing standpoint due to its rich morphology. Another key problem we are addressing in NLP is machine translationâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;automatic translation between human languages. This application area has also seen recent dramatic progress as a result of data-driven and statistical methods. Significant work in the early 1990s, carried out by researchers at IBM, framed translation as a statistical problem. In this approach, millions of existing translations between a pair of languages are used to leverage a translation model, for example, through automatically learned bilingual lexicons. There was a resurgence of interest in statistical machine translation in the late 1990s, and this led to second-generation statistical machine translation systems, a prime example being Google translate. While extremely successful, many of these systems make essentially no use of syntactic information in the source or target languages, with the result that translations from these systems are often ungrammatical or fail to preserve the meaning of the source language text. Our research in machine translation has focused primarily on integrating richer linguistic representations within statistical machine translation systems. This is exemplified in my recent work using syntactic information to model the differences in word order between different languages. Diab and Habash use rich morphological and semantic models for translation with Arabic as the source or target language in their research. Kathleen McKeown, the Henry and Gertrude Rothschild Professor of Computer Science, is developing postediting systems in her research that make much richer use of contextual information than previous systems. As a result, a third generation of statistical machine trans-

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The vast amount of linguistic data now in electronic form is posing significant challenges (and opportunities) in how we manage and access this data through the use of natural language processing (NLP).


lation systems is emerging. These systems make much deeper use of syntactic, semantic, and morphological information, and give more accurate and fluent translations. Given the deluge of text or speech data in electronic form—for example, on the web, on mobile devices, and on social networks—automatic summarization of text is another key NLP application area. McKeown’s group has performed extensive research on summarization. As one example, McKeown developed the Newsblaster system, which takes a group of several news articles on the same event and produces a concise summary of those articles. Newsblaster uses several stages of linguistic processing: first, articles on the same event are identified through a clustering approach; next, the system identifies sentences across different articles that overlap in terms of content; finally, the system generates a summary that contains the most salient pieces of information. In addition to work on text, we have considerable expertise in the area of spoken

language processing. Professor Julia Hirschberg has worked in a wide range of areas concerning speech, including speech synthesis; search and summarization of speech data; and the study of intonation in speech. Hirschberg and Rebecca Passonneau, senior research scientist, have worked extensively in dialog systems, which allow a user to interact with a computer through speech. The underlying theme of all this research is the use of computational methods, in conjunction with detailed linguistic representations, and rich statistical models. There are close connections to many other research areas within and outside Columbia Engineering, in particular, machine learning and statistics. Indeed, the vast amount of text and speech data in electronic form has led to both challenges and opportunities for data-driven approaches for NLP, and the researchers at Columbia are at the forefront of research in this area.

Michael J. Collins, the Vikram S. Pandit Professor of Computer Science, is one of the world’s leading researchers in statistical natural language processing (NLP). He has developed parsers that have obtained unprecedented accuracy levels and have revolutionized the field of NLP. Before joining Columbia Engineering, Collins was a faculty member in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT.

The underlying theme of all this research is the use of computational methods, in conjunction with detailed linguistic representations, and rich statistical models. There are close connections to many other research areas within and outside Columbia Engineering, in particular, machine learning and statistics.

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Data COLUMBIA ENGINEERING

Health Analytics The Health Analytics Center will build upon the work of Columbia researchers drawn from the fields of medicine, biology, computer science, applied mathematics, and statistics. These researchers are using patient data, genomic databases, and public health records to improve patient care and to achieve greater efficiencies in public and private health care systems.

Imaging Informatics: Integrating Multimodal and Longitudinal Data for Understanding and Treatment of Disease By Andrew Laine

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he rapid increase in medical imaging data poses new challenges to data analysis and management. We want a way to understand the information encoded in these large image data sets. To get there, we need to think of new ways of analyzing the data. Our hope and potential gain is that by looking back at previous outcomes of many “similar” patients, and the effectiveness of prior treatments and therapies, we can better understand disease processes and/or discover new relationships/correlates that result in a better quality of life for patients at reduced costs. In simple terms, we are building computer systems that will help doctors manage large amounts and many different kinds of patient information in order to improve their clinical decisions in treating diseases such

as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and chronic neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. A resulting system will analyze and display a patient’s history in text and image records, and will use these to forecast possible treatment outcomes, based on comparisons to its knowledge of similar patients and treatments. Such revolutionary tools will enable physicians to explore alternatives and share their experiences with other doctors, leading to better treatment while reducing costly mistakes. A standard 3-D medical image volume is large if compared to text documents, but the computing power available in normal desktop computers is usually sufficient for the isolated analysis of a single volume. The challenges arise when data from multiple imaging modalities are incorporated into simultaneous analysis, which is often necessary in state-of-the-art

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approaches. If one of these modalities is a functional modality such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), this means that there is an image volume for every point in time at which an image was acquired. The step to “big data” is taken when the analysis method requires the incorporation of images from multiple “subjects.” A typical picture archival and communications system (PACS) database, used commonly in hospitals to manage image data, often includes images from thousands of patients. In longitudinal studies, each one of these patients can have numerous imaging studies over a long period of time. This data integration problem motivates the application of data mining approaches for images. Increasing interest among researchers at Columbia has also been directed toward combining genetic data with such imaging studies. The analysis of chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD) is a perfect example of the data processing requirements we are facing. CLRD comprises of multiple separate diseases and is the third leading cause of death in the United States. However, CLRD is currently poorly understood, partially because the capacity and sophistication available for data analysis have not been sufficient to deal with the complexity and size of all the available data. A full lung CT provides precise evaluation of lung tissue, but current methods of analysis simply extract a few simple values from each image using coarse approaches, therefore lacking adaptivity and throwing out valuable data in the process. In collaboration with Dr. Graham Barr of the Department of Medicine at Columbia University Medical Center, Elsa Angelini PhD’02, and Yrjö Häme, Fulbright Scholar and PhD candidate in biomedical engineering, we are developing new approaches for studying disease patterns in the lung. The Emphysema and Cancer Action Program (EMCAP) data set at Columbia University has longitudinal data of around 500 subjects with pulmonary CT and MR perfusion images as well as genetic data. The total

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number of image volumes for each imaging modality is around 1,200. If a system could analyze all this data simultaneously and extract relevant patterns using machinelearning approaches, our understanding of CLRD would certainly increase. We would then have a direct impact on understanding, preventing, and treating these diseases. With George Hripcsak, chair of Biomedical Informatics at Columbia, we plan to design, develop, and evaluate an investigative informatics platform. This platform will enable interactive exploration of multimodal longitudinal patient data for supporting improved clinical decision making in brain tumor patient management. We do this by integrating the resources of a strong multidisciplinary team of clinicians, computer scientists, and informaticians across academia and industry. For example, the current clinical practice of neuro-oncology requires physicians to approach brain tumor patient management as an investigative task, where they create mental models of the patient, form hypotheses, create observations from information embedded in various sources of patient data, compare disease progression and efficacy of various treatments among patients, and adjust course of care based on the outcomes. It is time-consuming to access and integrate all these pieces of information in patient records. This becomes more of a problem when correlating the temporal progression of various factors and biomarkers obtained from patients’ clinical studies. In addition, the similarities in disease progression among different patients and their relationships to outcomes and clinical decisions remain difficult to discern in piecemeal. Hence, there exists a gap between heterogeneous data comprising patient records and the decision-enabling information and evidence required in managing patients. We believe that providing physicians with an informatics platform that allows them to explore the multimodal longitudinal intraand inter-patient records, form different ondemand observations of patient information and images, and test various hypotheses with respect to proper course of action for a given patient, can help bridge this gap. This new platform would provide tools for content analytics and temporal pattern mining; interactive exploration and visualiza-

tion of information; composing global (intrapatient trends) and local (patient-specific) observations of patient information; and capturing and sharing insight and knowledge about preferred view for a condition in the form of templates. Such an investigative modeling and data-guided exploration informatics platform will allow clinicians to derive insights and examine evidence in a dynamic fashion for better decision making and enhanced patient outcome. In the long term, we plan to evolve and expand the informatics platform to create an “information marketplace,” where analytic developers can provide their specific analytic tools, and expert clinicians can provide their insight and knowledge in the form of preferred composite views for patient observation or hypothesis testing as a service to the clinical community—knowledge as a service. Functional imaging in the brain is another ongoing project we are tackling in collaboration with faculty in the Departments of Radiology and Neuroscience and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, including Chaitan Divgi, Yaakov Stern, Ramin Parsley, and John Mann. Molecular brain imaging studies are typically comprised of MRI and positron emission tomography (PET) images, and over 20 PET images are acquired over time in a typical session. Each volumetric image contains over one million voxels. When co-registered with high resolution MRI, this expands to over eight million voxels per image. Storage wise this may not be a lot, but processing requirements are substantial. Each voxel of the PET scan must be motion corrected followed by kinetic analysis that is performed on each voxel’s time series to extract many important physiological parameters (e.g., binding affinity of a particular radio nucleotide). Even if executed on fast computers, these sophisticated models could take up to a day to run a single brain scan. Additionally, PET data is almost always combined with MRI analysis. The MRI data, although a single-image volume, needs to be segmented, de-skulled, warped to a spatial template, and expanded to a surface representation—processes that take up to two days to complete on current high-speed computer systems. Today, databases and PACS in hospitals hold tens of thousands of MRI and PET scans. One notable example on an even


Anatomical slices of a CT lung study (left); computer-based classification of most likely areas of lung disease based on longitudinal analysis of imaging data (right)

larger scale is ADNI (Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative), which curates brain imaging data from Alzheimer’s disease studies across the United States. These data are accessible to researchers. In fact, it is not uncommon to have 400 to 500 subjects included in a single study—the amount of data typically collected by midsized research laboratories over a 10-year period. Such large sample sizes allow us to use datadriven methods, or data mining. However, to leverage the full power of data-mining methods it is necessary to load and store huge data sets in computer memory that can be accessed by large clusters of machines to perform computations on the spatio-temporal data described earlier. These computational requirements grow exponentially if multimodal information is introduced to the analysis, such as combining PET with structural (MRI) and/ or functional (fMRI) genomic data, and so forth. Image analysis groups within the School’s new Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering that wish to compete in this field will need access to IT, computer programmers, and technicians devoted to maintaining the infrastructure to process complex data streams of multimodal data analysis. A focus of Arthur Mikhno’s dissertation research in the Department of Biomedical Engineering, as a fellow of the National

Institutes of Health, is to create a noninvasive PET analysis method. As it turns out, this requires segmenting the brain vasculature of each patient, which requires data-enhancement to improve resolution and a new motion correction and reconstruction routine. Although only recently introduced, these methods have shown archival data to be useful for longitudal studies. To validate our method we are working with multiple radioligands and different patient populations. Altogether our project will need to utilize over 800 PET data sets. Furthermore, each PET data set is paired with over 60 variables from each patient medical record. Thus, to optimize our model we will need to perform feature selection and parameter optimization in the context of modeling hundreds of scans— yet another example of how the explosion of data is fundamentally changing the way we analyze, store, and examine medical images, and integrate patient data. Indeed, it is exciting that this recent commitment between the School and New York City could provide the infrastructure needed for us to perform high-quality retrospective research. If the resources are available, new data analysis methods can be validated on hundreds, if not thousands, of different data sets to ensure they are robust and reduce the amount of studies and time required to validate new methodologies.

Andrew Laine is chair of Columbia Engineering’s Department of Biomedical Engineering, Percy K. and Vida L.W. Hudson Professor of Biomedical Engineering, and professor of radiology. For the last 14 years, he has directed the Heffner Biomedical Imaging Laboratory at Columbia and leads numerous research projects focusing on quantitative image analysis, cardiac functional imaging, ultrasound and MRI, retinal imaging, intravascular imaging, and bio-signal processing. Laine has served on several professional societies, including as vice president of publications and chair of the Technical Committee on Biomedical Imaging and Image Processing for the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBS) and as program chair for the 2006 and 2011 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers EMBS annual conferences.

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Data COLUMBIA ENGINEERING

Applying Big Data Approaches to Biological Problems By Chris Wiggins

It’s an exciting time for data in New York City.

I

find myself having conversations here with people from increasingly diverse fields, both at Columbia and in local start-ups, about how their work is becoming “data-informed” or “data-driven,” and about the challenges posed by applied computational statistics or “big data.” In discussions with New York City journalists, physicists, or even former students now working in advertising or social media analytics, I have been struck by how many of the technical challenges and lessons learned are reminiscent of those faced in the health and biology communities over the last 15 years, when these fields experienced their own data-driven revolutions. We were wrestling with many of the problems now faced by people in other fields of research or industry. It was around then, as I was working on my PhD thesis, that sequencing technologies became sufficient to reveal the entire genomes of simple organisms and, not long thereafter, the first draft of the human genome. This advance in sequencing technologies made possible the “high throughput” quantification of, for example: the dynamic activity of all the genes in an organism; the set of all protein-to-protein interactions in an organism; or even statistical comparative genomics revealing how small differences in genotype correlate with disease or other phenotypes. These advances required formation of multidisciplinary collaborations, multi-departmental initiatives, advances in technologies for dealing with massive datasets, and advances in statistical and mathematical methods for making sense of copious natural data. This shift wasn’t just a series of technological advances in biological research. The more important change was a realization that research

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in which data vastly outstrip our ability to posit models is qualitatively different. Much of science for the last three centuries advanced by deriving simple models from first principles—models whose predictions could then be compared with novel experiments. In modeling complex systems for which the underlying models are not yet known but for which data are abundant, however, as in systems biology or social network analysis, one may turn this process on its head by using the data to learn not only parameters of a single model but to select which among many or an infinite number of competing models is favored by the data. Just over a half-decade ago, the computer scientist Jim Gray described this as a “fourth paradigm” of science, after experimental, theoretical, and computational paradigms (Markoff, The New York Times, 2009). Gray predicted that every sector of human endeavor would soon emulate biology’s example of identifying datadriven research and modeling as a distinct field. In the years since then we’ve seen just that; examples include datadriven social sciences (often leveraging the massive data now available through social networks) and even data-driven astronomy. I have personally enjoyed seeing many Columbia Engineering students, trained in applications of big data to biology, go on to develop and apply datadriven models in these fields. As one example, a recent Engineering PhD student spent a summer as a hackNY fellow, applying machine learning methods at a data-driven dating website, OKCupid—a New York City–based start-up. He is now applying similar methods to population genetics as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Chicago. These students, often with job titles like data scientist, are able to translate to


other fields, or even to the “real world” of industry and technology-driven start-ups, methods needed in biology and health for making sense of abundant natural data. In my research group, our work balances engineering goals, e.g., developing models that can make accurate quantitative predictions, with natural science goals— meaning building models that are interpretable to our biology and clinical collaborators, and that suggest to them those novel experiments that are most likely to reveal the workings of natural systems. For example, we’ve developed machine learning methods for modeling the expression of genes—the “on-off ” state of the tens of thousands of individual processes human cells execute—by combining sequence data with microarray expression data. These models reveal which genes control which other genes, via what important sequence elements. We’ve analyzed large biological protein networks and shown how statistical signatures reveal what evolutionary laws can give rise to such graphs. In collaboration with faculty at Columbia’s Chemistry Department and New York University’s medical school, we’ve developed hierarchical Bayesian inference methods that can automate the analysis of thousands of time series data from single molecules. These techniques can identify the best model from models of varying complexity, along with the kinetic and biophysical parameters of interest to the chemist and clinician. Our current projects include, in collaboration with experts at Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons in pathogenic viral genomics, using machine learning methods to reveal whether a novel viral sequence may be carcinogenic or may lead to a pandemic. This research requires an abundant corpus of training data as well as close collaboration with the domain experts to ensure that the models exploit—and are interpretable in light of—the decades of bench work that has revealed what we now know of viral pathogenic mechanisms. Throughout, our goals balance building models that are not only predictive but interpretable, e.g., revealing which sequence elements convey carcinogenicity or permit pandemic transmissibility.

More generally, we can apply so-called big data approaches not only to biological examples as above but also to health data and health records. These approaches offer the possibility of, for example, revealing unknown lethal drug-to-drug interactions or forecasting future patient health problems; such models could have consequences for both public health policies and individual patient care. As one example, the Heritage Health Prize is a $3 million challenge ending in April 2013 “to identify patients who will be admitted to a hospital within the next year, using historical claims data.” Researchers at Columbia, both here at the Engineering School and at Columbia’s Medical Center, are building the technologies needed for answering such big questions from big data. In 2011, the McKinsey Global Institute estimated that between 140,000 and 190,000 additional data scientists will need to be trained by 2018 in order to meet the increased demand in academia and industry in the United States alone. The multidisciplinary skills required for data science applied to such fields as health and biology will include: the computational skills needed to work with large data sets usually shared online; the ability to format these data in a way amenable to mathematical modeling; the curiosity to explore these data to identify what features our models may be built on; the technical skills that apply, extend, and validate statistical and machine learning methods; and most importantly, the ability to visualize, interpret, and communicate the resulting insights in a way that advances science. As the mathematician Richard Hamming said, “The purpose of computing is insight, not numbers.” More than a decade ago the statistician William Cleveland, then at Bell Labs, coined the term “data science” for this multidisciplinary set of skills (Cleveland, International Statistical Review, 2001) and envisioned a future in which these skills would be needed for more and more fields of technology. The term has had a more recent explosion in usage as a rapidly growing number of fields—both in academia and in industry—are realizing precisely this future.

We can apply so-called big data approaches not only to biological examples but also to health data and health records. These approaches offer the possibility of revealing unknown lethal drug-to-drug interactions or forecasting future patient health problems; such models could have consequences for both public health policies and individual patient care.

Chris Wiggins is associate professor of applied mathematics at Columbia Engineering, a founding member of Columbia’s Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, and cofounder of hackNY.org, a nonprofit organization that connects students with career options in New York City–based start-ups. His research centers on applications of machine learning, statistical inference, and stochastic modeling in biology.

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Data COLUMBIA ENGINEERING

$

Financial Analytics The Financial Analytics Center will bring together in finance theory, machine learning, statistics, signal processing, operations, and natural language processing, and will support collaborations with students, as well as with the financial industry. The result will be entrepreneurial ventures with the potential to define finance and financial engineering for the 21st century.

Data-Driven World Fuels Change in Portfolio Selection, Risk Management By Garud Iyengar

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he current financial crisis has highlighted the need for a better understanding of portfolio selection and financial risk management. It is important that the wealth management industry update the models and methods they use to invest. Many new products are now available, and the risk inherent in these products is not always apparent. And, as we saw, in the recent economic crisis, a concentrated investment in certain products, e.g., credit default swaps (CDS), can spill over to cause a systemic failure of the entire financial system.

With the reduction in the cost of the information technology infrastructure, more and more financial transactions are being captured electronically. The quality of financial data is improving, and with that, the quantity of data is increasing. This data revolution is forcing a change in the way many of the problems in this field are addressed. In the past, high-quality data for calibrating models was hard to come by; the present challenge is developing methods that can adequately understand the trends in the large amount of available data to arrive at good decisions.

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The quality of financial data is improving, and with that, the quantity of data is increasing. This data revolution is forcing a change in the way many of the problems in this field are addressed. Analyzing financial data can be quite complex. The underlying factors driving the prices and volatility can change, and consequently, the data can become stale. A number of faculty members at the Engineering School are involved in both developing data-driven models for financial risk managements that can exploit the available data and in creating new optimization methods that can compute optimal decisions in these new models. One of the oldest methods for portfolio selection is the mean-variance portfolio selection model proposed by Harry Markowitz, the 1990 Nobel laureate in economics, where the goal is to compute a portfolio that has the highest mean return for a given level of risk that is given by the variance of the portfolio return. To calibrate this model, the mean return on each asset and the covariance of all pairs of assets need to be estimated. These estimates always have errors—and the optimization procedure inflates these errors. To get an intuitive feel for this phenomenon, consider two independent assets with identical return distributions. Suppose the statistical estimation procedure underestimates the mean of the first asset and overestimates the mean of the second. The portfolio selection step would then overweight the second asset; consequently, the difference between the expected return and the realized return would be worse than the initial estimation error. This phenomenon is well known in the field, referred to as “mean variance leads to error-maximizing, investment-irrelevant portfolios.” The equally weighted portfolio

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would have performed much better in this case. The availability of a large amount of data could do away with this problem because now the statistical errors will be very small. Unfortunately, financial data become stale, and, therefore, the error can never be reduced below a threshold. Moreover, the shifts in factors driving the market result in estimates that are extremely error prone. With Interim Dean and Avanessians Professor Donald Goldfarb, I have devised a robust portfolio selection strategy that computes the portfolio assuming the worst-case behavior of the parameters in the statistically estimated confidence region. We show that computing the optimal portfolio in this model is no harder than computing the optimal portfolio for the mean variance model. But the performance of the portfolios on real market data is significantly superior, and the portfolios perform very well through times where the factors driving the market change drastically. We’ve extended this model to active portfolios and have shown that the policy consistently beats the benchmark. Returning to the two-asset example above, this new methodology yields an equally weighted portfolio with very high probability. Meanwhile, variance, though still a good measure for variability, has come under severe criticism recently as a measure of risk because it does not adequately capture the risk associated with very low probability events with heavy losses. Some examples of such an occurrence include so-called tail events or “black swan” events like a possible Greek default or a drop in the equity market and simultaneously a drop in interest rates. Risk measures such as Value-at-Risk (VaR) and the Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR) are better able to represent this risk. The VaR of a portfolio is typically set equal to the loss level such that the chance of observing losses larger than the VaR level is at most 5 percent or 1 percent. CVaR is the average loss of the portfolio in the event that the losses exceed the VaR level. The CVaR is a special case of a more general measure called the spectral risk measure. It is known that the mean-


spectral risk portfolio selection problem can be formulated as a linear program—an optimization problem that can be solved efficiently in theory. But in practice, these programs are very large—a 100 asset portfolio selection problem can very easily blow up to a linear program with 150,000 decision variables that is very hard to solve in practice. Now with the increased availability of historical data for different market conditions and the continued unstable financial outlook, portfolio managers want to add risk measures with respect to many different scenarios for the market outcomes. The state-of-the-art commercial linear program solvers are unable to solve such portfolio selection problems. In collaboration with faculty at Penn State and the Statistics Department at Columbia, we have developed a new iterative algorithm that computes solutions to very large-scale instances of the mean-spectral risk portfolio selection problems efficiently. Moreover, at each step, our algorithm computes the solution to a very simple mean-variance problem; therefore, using this algorithm, portfolio managers can solve mean-spectral risk portfolio selection problems using the existing mean-variance technology. Since the beginning of the current financial crisis, the measurement and management of the risk of systemic failure has become the central problem in risk management of business and engineering systems. A number of different ad hoc risk measures have been proposed for measuring systemic risk. Some of these measures model the economy as a portfolio of firms and then use risk measures that are used to measure the risk of a single firm; others define the systemic risk to be the insurance premium required to protect against future bailouts. With Professor Ciamac Moallemi from Columbia Business School, I have proposed an axiomatic framework for defining systemic risk. We show that all admissible systemic risk measures can be decomposed as a risk measure across scenarios and an aggregation function that aggregates firm outcomes in each scenario. All the systemic risk measures in the literature are special cases of admissible measures. We prove that risk measures appropriate for quantifying

the systemic risk in applications as diverse as transportation networks, the electricity networks, and supply chain networks can all be represented in this framework. We hope to extend this research on several fronts. On the methodological front, we want to understand how a systemic risk function can be used to incentivize firms to hold positions that reduce systemic risk. On the empirical front, we’re working on identifying systemic risk factors that can explain the systemic risk in the economy. The factor identification procedure is a very large-scale convex optimization problem that uses signal-processing techniques that were originally introduced in the context of compressing images and videos. We expect that these factors can be used to stress test the economy, just as the factors are currently used to stress test firms. It’s crucial that the research we conduct now focus on creating new models to handle large-scale data and to develop algorithmic approaches that can scale up to work with such data sets. Columbia is particularly well poised to make fundamental contributions in this area. At the Engineering School, my colleagues, Dean Goldfarb and Professor Daniel Bienstock, are experts in developing models and algorithms for financial applications; Columbia Business School Professors Paul Glasserman, Mark Broadie, and Moallemi are experts in risk management. In addition, the Department of Statistics is making a concentrated effort to hire faculty whose main research interest is developing new algorithms for datadriven decision models.

Garud Iyengar is a professor in Columbia Engineering’s Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research. He specializes in convex optimization, robust optimization, queuing networks, combinatorial optimization, mathematical and computational finance, communication and information theory. He has published in numerous journals, including IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Mathematics of Operations Research, and IEEE Transactions on Communication Theory.

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Data COLUMBIA ENGINEERING

Cybersecurity The Cybersecurity Center will be dedicated to developing the capacity for keeping data secure and private throughout its lifetime, a core focus of the Institute for Data Sciences and This Center bring together and buildthe upon the research of thedata DeTheEngineering. Cybersecurity Center willwill be dedicated to developing capacity for keeping partments Computer Scienceits and Electrical Engineering andInstitute the workforofData the Columbia secure andofprivate throughout lifetime, a core focus of the Sciences Business School, among other Columbia schools and departments. and Engineering. This center will bring together and build upon the research of the Departments of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, and the work of the Columbia Business School, among other Columbia schools and departments.

Whither Cloud Computing Security? By Angelos D. Keromytis

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loud computing is rapidly becoming the new paradigm for deploying software services to business, government, and individuals in the form of public clouds such as Amazon EC2, a web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud or other enterprise private ones. An increasing number of critical applications are deployed and operated in such computational environments. Many of the qualitative improvements in other fields and applicationsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;from social networking to scientific computation and mobile computingâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;stem, to a large extent, from the ability to quickly and efficiently deploy and scale up

new services that are responsive to varying workloads. Given the concentration of services and data, often from a large number of different entities, into a single logical (and sometimes physical) location, i.e., a data center, cloud infrastructures represent a tempting and highly lucrative target for attackers. Therefore, the security expectations from cloud computing infrastructures are (or should be) arguably higher than those in traditional computing. While there is probably some basis to the expectation that unified and concentrated administration and management will lead to better overall

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Cloud infrastructures represent a tempting and highly lucrative target for attackers. Therefore, the security expectations from cloud computing infrastructures are (or should be) arguably higher than those in traditional computing.

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security, the current state of affairs regarding the (in)security of enterprise networks and systems does not inspire great confidence. In other words, given existing security mechanisms and practices, it is likely that any gains from homogeneity and higher professional standards will not be sufficient to protect the cloud infrastructure and the applications running on it from even more motivated adversaries. We need to rethink the security of cloud computing. In our work at the Network Security Lab, we are introducing fresh principles and mechanisms for protecting these new computing infrastructures and applications. These new primitives should leverage the strengths inherent in this form of computing to improve security. A key


characteristic of cloud computing is the overprovisioning of resources to comfortably accommodate the highest expected workload, with some margin of error. This leads to “dormant” resources, which are not used most of the time. The argument has been made that such resources can be used, at least some of the time, to protect the cloud infrastructure and all applications on it. However, if spread across all applications, the quantitative improvement in security (e.g., by being able to use a given security mechanism whose overhead is compensated by increased resource usage) will be incremental and small. In our DARPA-funded MEERKATS research, we argue for a mission-oriented cloud computing security architecture that focuses resources to improve the resiliency of components that are critical to the current application; learns and adapts to past, current, and anticipated threats; and inherently presents an unpredictable target through continuous “motion” and mutation of services and data, and through the use of deception. The two high-level challenges to our envisioned architecture are the lack of the efficient and effective mechanisms for instantiating several of our architecture’s core elements, and the complexity of integrating and operating an architecture where “everything changes.” To realize our vision we need to investigate, develop, and evaluate a number of individual components, and to integrate them in a coherent architecture. Our group at the Engineering School, which includes Computer Science Professors Salvatore Stolfo, Junfeng Yang, Roxana Geambasu, and Simha Sethumadhavan, are not starting this effort from scratch.

We are building on prior and concurrent work in the areas of software hardening and deception. In the Air Force–funded MINESTRONE project, we are developing a system for protecting software against a large class of software vulnerabilities using a combination of static analysis, dynamic instrumentation, and runtime diversification. In the DARPA-funded SPARCHS project, we are designing systems with novel, integrated security mechanisms in all layers of the software and hardware stack. Finally, in the DARPA-funded ADAMS project, we are developing active deception techniques for identifying attackers who have already succeeded in penetrating an organization’s defenses, as well as malicious insiders. The next few years will see a panoply of technologies coming out of these research projects. If our effort in developing MEERKATS is successful, we will create a “moving target” defense mechanism for the cloud that will leverage the inherent distributed nature of the cloud to improve service and data resilience to threats and attacks. The ability of MEERKATS to explicitly control the tradeoff between resilience/security and resource consumption is fundamental to the adoption of security mechanisms. We believe that the inherent availability of fungible resources in the cloud and the ability of MEERKATS to both strategically and tactically deploy them as the situation warrants, e.g., in anticipation of or in response to an attack against a specific service or collection of data, will result in a more secure environment compared to current systems and services making, at best, small-scale tradeoffs between security and resource consumption.

Angelos D. Keromytis is an associate professor of computer science and director of Columbia’s Network Security Lab. He is an expert in systems security, network security, and cryptography. Currently, Keromytis is working on software hardening, system self-healing, network denial of service, information accountability, and privacy. He has served as associate editor with ACM Transactions on Systems and Information Security (TISSEC).

The barbarians are no longer at the gates. They are inside the doors and there are not enough guards to repel them.

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Data COLUMBIA ENGINEERING

Core Research To support and amplify the study of the five different centers, the new Data Sciences Institute will conduct core research on problems that cut across the data sciences and engineering. The research will focus on formal and mathematical models for data processing, as well as on issues concerning the engineering of large-scale data processing systems.

Smarter Optical Networks for a Congested Internet By Keren Bergman and Gil Zussman

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he Internet is a crucial worldwide infrastructure that connects over two billion people, offering more than seven billion web pages, transporting roughly 30 exabytes of data a month, and connecting over a billion mobile broadband users. Emerging network services will enable various transformative applications such as 3-D holographic video for telepresence in education and telemedicine. However, the realization of the future Internet requires overcoming significant technological obstacles, which include significant growth in Internet

traffic and energy consumption as well as the need to support diverse applications and traffic requirements. Internet traffic continues to grow at an exponential rate, doubling roughly every one and a half years, driven by an increasing number of users, bandwidth-intensive applications such as video-on-demand, and numerous mobile and wireless platforms. Moreover, the Internet and the cellular networks already account for about 1 percent of the global carbon emissions, and their portion is steadily increasing.

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Columbia University was one of the main contributors to the development of the Internet, and since the 1980s, we have retained a leading position in the area of networking.

Columbia University was one of the main contributors to the development of the Internet, and since the 1980s, Columbia has retained a leading position in the area of networking. Currently, several faculty members in the Engineering Schoolâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Departments of Electrical Engineering and of Computer Science continue this tradition by dealing with the challenges imposed by issues such as traffic growth, heterogeneous networks, mobility, quality of service requirements, and energy consumption constraints. Specific areas of research include data center networking (Professors Keren Bergman, Vishal Misra, and Dan Rubenstein), wireless networking (Professors Augustin Chaintreau, Nicholas Maxemchuk, Vishal Misra, Dan Rubenstein, Henning Schulzrinne, Xiaodong Wang, and Gil Zussman), optical networking (Bergman), social networking (Chaintreau), the Internet of Things and cyber-physical systems (Maxemchuk, Schulzrinne, and Zussman), smart grid (Professors Javad Lavaei, Maxemchuk, and Zussman), and future Internet protocols (Misra and Schulzrinne). The work we do in this field is highly interdisciplinary; for instance, our joint work on access and aggregation networks, both optical and wireless. While the Internet core supports very high data rates by using high-capacity links, routers, and switches, there are major bottlenecks between the core and the access/aggregation networks (i.e., the networks covering metropolitan areas). We are both members of the NSF-funded Center for Integrated Access Networks (CIAN), a 10-university consortium led by the University of

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Arizona. The Centerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s vision is to create transformative technologies for optical aggregation networks, where any application requiring any resource can be seamlessly and efficiently aggregated and interfaced with existing and future core networks at low cost and with high energy efficiency. Recent advances in the field of optical communications provide new capabilities to optical elements. Instead of functioning as a simple bit pipe, modern devices can continuously make optical measurements on the quality of the data flowing through the links (e.g., measure the bit error rate or optical signal-to-noise ratio). Such measurements can be made directly in the optical domain, without having to convert the signal to the electrical domain. In addition to measurement capabilities, new devices can be dynamically programmed by a network management layer and dynamically configured based on the needs of the network. Our work focuses on leveraging these novel capabilities and the new devices that are being developed by the Centerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s researchers in order to develop the CIANbox. The CIAN-box is an information aggregation node that uses real-time optical performance measurements and energy consumption monitoring, to enable application and impairment-aware switching, regeneration, and adaptive coding. Our groups are developing the CIAN-box hardware as well as the software and algorithms that will leverage its capabilities. Traditional networking algorithms operate disjointedly in different layers of the networking protocol stack (for example, network applications are designed separately from the routing algorithms, and the routing algorithms do not consider the type of physical medium they are using). However, due to the capability of the CIAN-box to react to measurements of the optical link and to adapt to traffic characteristics, there is a need for network management algorithms that span the various layers of the protocol stack. In recent years, cross layering has gained popularity in the wireless domain (for example, a cell phone that routes the packet through a Wi-Fi network rather than a cellular network based on the channel quality in both). Hence, bringing these ideas from the wireless to the optical domain and leveraging the CIAN-box hardware


components has the potential to significantly improve the performance and to turn optical networks from “dumb pipes” to intelligent networks. A few industrial collaborations build on the emerging CIAN-box capabilities. For example, Columbia is a member of the Greentouch industry-academia consortium, whose objective is to reduce the energy consumption of telecommunications networks and to build a sustainable Internet. Within this consortium, we are collaborating with the group of Dr. Dan Kilper at AlcatelLucent on a project considering the new capability to dynamically add and remove wavelengths. While this capability has the potential for significant energy savings (via turning off electrical and optical equipment when it is not needed), modifying the network on the fly can result in interference to other wavelengths sharing the same fiber. Hence, our groups are developing algorithms and techniques for dynamically modifying transmission and amplification power such that interference will be automatically mitigated and the network could rapidly adapt to required changes. Another collaboration takes place with the group of Dr. Peter Magill in AT&T Research and focuses on the placement of nodes (e.g., future CIAN-boxes) that can provide services such as optical signal regeneration and dynamic network reconfiguration. Within this project several routing-constrained location problems are being considered, and algorithms that have the potential to reduce the operator’s

operational and deployment cost are being developed. Finally, optical networks are being increasingly used to support cellular communications. Since smartphone usage is growing rapidly, the increase in bandwidth demands at the edge of the network is putting a strain on the optical backhaul networks, resulting among other things in high-energy usage by cellular providers. In collaboration with Schulzrinne, who is Julian Clarence Levi Professor of Mathematical Methods and Computer Science and professor of electrical engineering, a prototype of the CIAN-box has been integrated with a WiMAX (4G) base station deployed in Columbia as part of the NSF Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) project. This optical-wireless integration aims to demonstrate dynamic switching in the optical domain based on information about the quality of the wireless channel. Indeed, the Internet is fast moving and constantly evolving, but so are the ways in which we are tackling the challenges stemming from its ever-increasing reach and from the numerous new applications it supports. By driving the design of new optical devices, by jointly developing the hardware and networking algorithms, and by using cross-layering, it is possible to intelligently optimize the performance of optical aggregation networks that will carry most of the wireline- and wireless-originated traffic in the Internet.

Our vision is to create transformative technologies for optical aggregation networks where any application requiring any resource can be seamlessly and efficiently aggregated and interfaced with existing and future core networks at low cost and with high energy efficiency.

Keren Bergman is Charles Batchelor Professor of Electrical Engineering and chair of Columbia Engineering’s Department of Electrical Engineering. She directs the Lightwave Research Laboratory and leads multiple research programs on optical interconnection networks for advanced computing systems, data centers, optical packet switched routers, and nanophotonic networkson-chip. She is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and of the Optical Society of America (OSA), and she currently serves as the coeditor in chief of the IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking. Gil Zussman received his PhD in electrical engineering from the Technion in 2004. Before joining Columbia Engineering, he was a postdoctoral associate at MIT. He is currently an assistant professor of electrical engineering at Columbia, and his research focuses on wireless networks. Zussman has served on the editorial boards of IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications and of Ad Hoc Networks, and as the Technical Program Committee chair of IFIP Performance 2011. He is a corecipient of four Best Paper Awards and was a member of a team that won the first place in the 2009 Vodafone Americas Foundation Wireless Innovation competition. He is a recipient of the Fulbright Fellowship, the Marie Curie Outgoing International Fellowship, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Young Investigator Award, and the National Science Foundation CAREER Award.

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News

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Photo: Eileen Barroso

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olumbia University, in a partnership with New York City, has launched the Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering to fill the explosive need for the acquisition and analysis of “big data.” At a press conference July 30 held at Columbia’s Northwest Corner Building, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg detailed the new partnership alongside Columbia President Lee C. Bollinger, Columbia Engineering Interim Dean Donald Goldfarb, Engineering Professor and Institute Director Kathleen R. McKeown, Manhattan Borough President Scott Stringer, and other prominent City and elected officials. This was the latest step in the City’s Applied Sciences NYC Initiative, announced in 2010, which aims to increase New York’s capacity for applied sciences and spur commercialization and economic growth. The Columbia partnership, said Mayor Bloomberg, is expected to generate nearly $4 billion in overall economic impact and create more than 4,500 jobs over the next three decades. In conjunction with this announcement, Dean Goldfarb appointed Engineering Professors Kathleen R. McKeown and Patricia J. Culligan as the Institute’s inaugural director and associate director, respectively. As part of the deal, the City will provide Columbia with $15 million in financial assistance to help develop the Institute, and the University will contribute $80 million in private investments. The agreement also includes the creation of 44,000 square feet of new space

Interim Dean Donald Goldfarb with Institute Director Kathleen R. McKeown, Associate Director Patricia J. Culligan, and New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg

on Columbia’s campus by 2016 and the addition of 75 new faculty—engineering and other disciplines—over the next decade and a half. “This is probably the most exciting moment that I can think of in the School’s 150year history and the future has never looked brighter,” said Dean Goldfarb. “Mayor Bloomberg’s announcement and the City’s support for the Data Sciences Institute means that the only constraint that prevents Columbia Engineering from being in the very, very top echelon of engineering schools in overall rankings—that is our small size relative to our peers—will essentially be overcome.”

President Bollinger also stressed this point in his remarks at the press conference and credited the Engineering faculty for its pioneering research, which shaped the core of the University’s proposal for the new Institute. “Their acknowledged excellence has lifted the school to near the top tier over the past decade—an ascent that has been limited only by the amount of space available to do their work and a much smaller scale than our leading peers,” said Bollinger. “Today the mayor and his EDC team are making it possible for us to take rapid new steps beyond the past in terms of new and improved research space


and expanding the number of our faculty and students.” Columbia’s Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering will focus on five key sectors: smart cities, new media, health analytics, financial analytics, and cybersecurity. The proposal for the Institute called for a rich, interdisciplinary approach with Engineering faculty working closely—as many already do—with departments in the Arts and Sciences, Columbia University Medical Center, and the University’s professional schools. “There’s every reason to believe that the Institute will produce a flood of innovations in these areas, and we expect the return on the City’s investment in the Institute to be substantial,” said Mayor Bloomberg, who called the agreement a “historic partnership” and said it is “by far, the largest and most far-reaching economic development effort City government has undertaken in modern memory.” Columbia will begin the development of the first of two phases of the Institute immediately, first creating 44,000 square feet of new applied sciences and engineering facilities in existing buildings by August 2016. In addition, Columbia will hire 30 new faculty members as a part of the first phase and ultimately expects to expand the Institute faculty to 75 by 2030. As part of phase 2, Columbia may expand the Institute’s use of the Audubon building at the University’s Medical Center in Washington Heights and at the same time create a 10,000 square foot bio-research incubator in the building. Columbia joined other prominent universities that have recently reached agreements with the City as part of its comprehensive Applied Sciences Initiative. In April, the City announced its partnership with an NYU-led consortium to build the Center for Urban Science and Progress in Downtown Brooklyn, and last December, the City created its first partnership with Cornell University and the Technion to develop a tech campus on Roosevelt Island. These agreements will provide a major boost to the City’s economy over the next several decades. According to an economic impact analysis conducted by the New York City Economic Development Corporation (EDC), Columbia’s Institute, in particular, is expected to generate $3.9 billion in overall economic activity over the next three decades, including 4,223 permanent jobs and 285 construction jobs.

ABouT The InsTITuTe’s LeAdershIp KAThLeen r. MCKeoWn Director Henry and Gertrude Rothschild Professor of Computer Science A leading scholar and researcher in the field of natural language processing, McKeown focuses her research on big data, and her interests include text summarization, question answering, natural language generation, multimedia explanation, digital libraries, and multilingual applications. Her research group’s Columbia Newsblaster, which has been live since 2001, is an online system that automatically tracks the day’s news and demonstrates the group’s new technologies for multi-document summarization, clustering, and text categorization, among others. Currently, she leads a large research project involving prediction of technology emergence from a large collection of journal articles. McKeown joined Columbia in 1982, immediately after earning her PhD from University of Pennsylvania. In 1989, she became the first woman professor in the School to receive tenure and, later, the first woman to serve as a department chair (1998–2003). McKeown has received numerous honors and awards for her research and teaching. She received the National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award in 1985 and also is the recipient of a National Science Foundation Faculty Award for Women. She was selected as an AAAI fellow, a fellow of the Association for Computational Linguistics, and an Association for Computing Mechinery (ACM) fellow. In 2010, she won both the Columbia Great Teacher Award and the Anita Borg Woman of Vision Award for Innovation. McKeown served as a board member of the Computing Research Association and as secretary of the board. She was president of the Association of Computational Linguistics in 1992, vice president in 1991, and secretary treasurer for 1995–1997. She was also a member of the Executive Council of the Association for Artificial Intelligence and the co–program chair of their annual conference in 1991.

pATrICIA J. CuLLIgAn Associate Director Professor of Civil Engineering A leader in the field of water resources and urban sustainability, Culligan has worked extensively with The Earth Institute’s Urban Design Lab at Columbia University to explore novel, interdisciplinary solutions to the modern-day challenges of urbanization, with a particular emphasis on the City of New York. Culligan is the director of a joint interdisciplinary PhD program between Columbia Engineering and the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation that focuses on designs for future cities, including digital city scenarios. Her research group is active in investigating the opportunities for green infrastructure, social networks, and advanced measurement and sensing technologies to improve urban water, energy, and environmental management. Culligan received her MPhil and PhD from the University of Cambridge and was on the faculty at MIT before joining Columbia in 2003. She has received numerous awards for her contributions in engineering research and education, including the National Science Foundation’s CAREER Award, the Egerton Career Development Chair, MIT’s Arthur C. Smith Award for contributions to undergraduate life, Columbia Engineering School Alumni Association’s Distinguished Faculty Award, and Columbia’s Presidential Teaching Award. Culligan serves on the National Academies Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board and the Board of Earth Sciences and Resources Committee on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering. In 2011, she was elected to the Board of Governors of the American Society of Civil Engineer’s Geo-Institute. She is the author or coauthor of six books, two book chapters, and more than 70 refereed scientific publications and 110 technical articles.

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CongrATuLATIons, grAduATes! “The most valuable lessons we can take away from our experiences is that as Columbians, we’ve learned to work really, really incredibly hard for what we believe in.” —Judy Kim, Senior Class President

Annual faculty awards were presented to: Gerard Ateshian, professor of mechanical engineering, Distinguished Faculty Teaching Award Luis Gravano, associate professor of computer science, Distinguished Faculty Teaching Award Siu-Wai Chan, professor of applied physics and applied mathematics, Avanessians Diversity Award Aaron Kyle, lecturer in biomedical engineering design, Edward and Carole Kim Award for Faculty Involvement Kristin Myers, assistant professor of mechanical engineering, Rodriguez Family Junior Faculty Development Award

More than 800 students were honored at Class Day on May 14. And for the first time, the School held a unified Class Day ceremony, recognizing all graduating students, including those who earned doctorates from the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences in engineering disciplines. Alumni celebrating their 50th anniversary of graduation from a master’s, professional, or doctorate program were recognized with an honorary certificate. Pictured on left: Tanju Koseoglu MS’60 (left) and Leonard Krawitz MS’47, members of the inaugural class of Jubilee participants 42 | columbia engineering


Xerox CEO Ursula Burns MS’82 was this year’s Class Day speaker. Burns reflected on her challenging road to Columbia, watching her mother struggling financially but remaining determined to put education first for Burns and her two siblings. “My mother made whatever sacrifices were necessary to see to it that we had an opportunity to get a good education and then she insisted that we take advantage of that opportunity. … All of [you] have that same opportunity. Don’t ever take it for granted.”

“When your life’s journey ends, I promise you that you won’t care very much about the money you made or the status you’ve achieved if you haven’t made the world a better place along the way.” —Ursula Burns MS’82

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reConneCTIng AT reunIon 2012

C

olumbia Engineering enjoyed record-breaking attendance at its annual reunion weekend, held May 31 through June 3. With a slew of events that included dinners, cocktail receptions, social outings, and academic lectures, the jam-packed weekend gave alumni—from class years ending in 2 and 7—plenty of opportunities to forge new memories with old classmates and professors. The fun weekend kicked off with a welcoming dinner in Low Rotunda, at which the Columbia Engineering Alumni Association Awards were given. The Pupin Medal, Egleston Medal, and Samuel John-

son Medal were presented to three pioneers in science and engineering: Nobel Laureate and University Trustee Emeritus Dr. Harold Varmus ’64SIPA, ’66PS, ’90HON; former Samsung Electronics President Jae-Un Chung BS’64, MS’69; and Bernard Roth MS’58, PhD’63, Adams Professor of Engineering and cofounder of the Institute of Design at Stanford University. At the Golden Lions Dinner held Friday at the Russian Tea Room, perhaps one of the School’s most devoted alums, Bernard Queneau ’32, was recognized for celebrating the 80th anniversary of his graduation from Columbia. In his speech to the Golden Lions—fellow alumni who have celebrated the 50th anniversary of their graduation—Queneau talked about his time at the School in the 1930s and about his chosen field of metallurgy. He shared his career highlights—having volunteered with the U.S. Navy Reserve during World War II and building his professional career thereafter at U.S. Steel for some 30 years, ending up as general manager of quality assurance for the steel giant. He said, “The reason for the overly long story of my life is that we are still in a

Left to right: Johnson medalist Jae-Un Chung, Egleston medalist Bernard Roth, and Pupin medalist Harold Varmus

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steel age as well as the World Wide Web of the Internet.” Queneau also expressed his gratitude to Columbia University for “the outstanding education” he received. At the Dean’s Day Luncheon for all Engineering alumni, the Class of 1962 was inducted into the Golden Lions Society and the Class of 1987 to the Silver Lions Society. In his remarks, former dean Feniosky Peña-Mora discussed the School’s positive momentum. He talked about faculty recruitment, the jump in admissions figures for both the undergraduate and graduate programs, and the ongoing negotiations with the City of New York to create an Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering. This year, the Magill Lecture in Science, Technology, and the Arts was given by Jeffrey Brock ’91GSAPP of Moneo Brock Studio, lead designer of the Northwest Corner Building. He focused on the architectural design of the newly erected building as well as parts of the building phase. In addition to the Magill Lecture, Reunion attendees also heard from Columbia Engineering faculty at other science and engineering lectures held over the weekend. Associate Professor of Computer Science

Left to right: Lou Shrier BS’59 and his wife, Diane, with Clyde Smith BS’62 and his wife, Marvalena, at the Russian Tea Room


Photos by Diane Bondareff and Michael DiVito

Top row, left to right: Bernard Queneau ’32 and wife, Esther; Class of ’62; bottom row, left to right: Jeffrey Brock ’91GSAPP; Engineering Golden Lions

Eitan Grinspun discussed how cinema and Hollywood use computers to animate physics, and Keren Bergman, Charles Batchelor Professor of Electrical Engineering, spoke on the topic “How Our Future Computers Will Run on Light.” Engineering professors Klaus Lackner and Ken Shepard, and alumnus and NASA astronaut Mike Massimino BS’84, also delivered lectures on climate change, the biological sciences, and space exploration. Other activities over Reunion Weekend included a party for young alumni on the USS Intrepid, a tour of the Museum of Modern Art, the Chelsea Art Gallery Crawl, a tour of the new Northwest Corner Building, and cocktails and dancing on Low Plaza.

Janneth Marcelo BS’92, who returned to campus for her 20th Reunion, enjoyed several events over the weekend with her husband, son, and twin girls. “Camp Columbia was so much fun (for the kids) that one of my daughters cried when we picked them up,” said Marcelo, who now lives and works in Washington, D.C. “I enjoyed the Saturday lunch and lecture. Seeing design diagrams of the Northwest Corner Building’s trusses brought back memories of solid mechanics class! And, it was great to catch up with old friends, especially Ami Dave BS’92, my Engineering Student Council running mate during our junior year. . . . I introduced my family to Koronet Pizza and hauled real New York City bagels home. It was a great time.”

sAve The dATe! Reunion Weekend May 30–June 2, 2013

Alan Czemerinski ’15 (left) with his father, Ariel Czemerinski MS’90

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ALuMnI noTes Class Notes: Undergraduate Alumni 1939

Saul with wife, Lois, at her 90th birthday party

saul ricklin Ch.e’40 says that as he

gets close to turning 93, he remains pretty close to home and other than local driving, relies on his children and grandchildren to help him with difficult chores. However, he remains “reasonably active,” he says, and keeps busy writing Letters to the Editor, which have been published in a variety of newspapers and magazines. Feel free to Google him for a list! Over the past year, Saul attended two weddings for grandchildren and celebrated his 65th anniversary with wife, Lois, at their waterfront home in Bristol, R.I. They’ve lived in Bristol for the past 60 years. Saul would love to hear from surviving classmates at shub@ fctvplus.net.

and about 20 full-time faculty. On the second day of Reunion, Arthur attended an excellent lecture on climate change with Michael Gerrard, the Andrew Sabin Professor of Professional Practice in the Faculty of Law; Klaus S. Lackner, Maurice Ewing and J. Lamar Worzel Professor of Geophysics; and Gavin Schmidt, senior research scientist at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. He also attended a private luncheon in the Core Curriculum library with five members of the Columbia College Class of 1942 and attended the Magill Lecture, given by Jeffrey Brock, designer of the Northwest Corner Building. Arthur would like to hear from classmates. He can be reached at asg81@columbia.edu.

1943 70th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Lindsay Montanari at lindsaymontanari@columbia.edu.

1945

1942

Class Correspondent: Gloria Reinish reinish@verizon.net

Class Correspondent: Arthur Graham asg81@columbia.edu

1946

Arthur graham was the sole repre-

sentative at his 70th Class Reunion this past June. On the first day of Reunion, he attended a luncheon with his department, industrial engineering and operations research, in which he got an update that the department had grown significantly from approximately 24 students and 3 professors from when he attended to now; the IEOR Department currently has more than 700 students

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Jerold Lowenstein’s first book

Jerold Lowenstein writes, “It has

been 66 years since I graduated from Columbia Engineering as a physics major. I was in the Navy V-12

Program and on graduation was assigned to the ship that took two atomic bombs to Bikini for Operation Crossroads. I worked at Los Alamos, then got an MD at Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons, and went for training and teaching at Stanford in nuclear medicine. I’ve lived in San Francisco since 1953, chaired the Department of Nuclear Medicine at California Pacific Medical Center, and did research at the University of California. I pioneered the study of fossil molecules, the research that led to the novel and movie Jurassic Park. Two years ago, I published my first novel, The Dark X: A Medical Mystery and African Adventure (iUniverse). Currently, I’m working on my second novel, based on the Bikini–Los Alamos experience.”

1948 65th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Lindsay Montanari at lindsaymontanari@columbia.edu. As a Columbia student, Joe Mislan got a taste of Broadway with an occasional visit to a Broadway show. Recently, Joe saw the musical Nice Work If You Can Get It. He says, “It was just a wonderful show and being in New York was a treat. Although this is social, the taste lingers.”

1949 For the past 30 years, Irving Moch Ms’50 ’47CC, has been associated


Class Notes with water purification. He founded his own consulting organization specializing in all facets of water treatment, including design, operations, projects, and troubleshooting, providing both onsite plant visits and teaching seminars. Before consulting, he spent more than 40 years with the DuPont Company in various capacities: marketing, manufacturing, and research and development. Throughout his professional career, he has been involved in several activities as former director and chair of the Publications Committee and editor of the International Desalination Association; director emeritus and past International Liaison Committee chair of the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA); and chairman of the American Society for Testing and Materials D19 task group on water treatment membranes, leading the effort for writing standards for U.S. industry. Irving helped develop a CD-ROM water treatment cost model for membrane and thermal desalting processes that is employed as a standard for estimating plant capital and operating costs. He holds several patents and has published extensively in the field of water resources. A recognized expert in water treatment, Irving is listed in the National Directory of Experts and the American Chemical Society, as well as on the Project Advisory Committee of the Middle East Desalination Research Center. In addition, Irving was elected to the AMTA Hall of Fame, received the Pakistan Desalination Association Lifetime Achievement Award, and is listed in Who’s Who in Science and Engineering, Who’s Who in Finance and Industry, Who’s Who in the East, and American Men and Women of Science. He is a member of Phi Lambda Upsilon and Sigma Xi, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, American Chemical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

1950 Class Correspondent: Joe Alvarado Alvarado@behlman.com robert havemeyer Ms’55 writes, “My wife and I took a trip through part of India in March 2012, on the ‘Palace on Wheels.’ The train was

the hotel. We landed in Delhi and had a day’s tour of the new section of the city before boarding the train with about 100 other people from around the globe. It was a luxurious trip, above the fray, so to speak, from the living conditions of small cities. Eight days of rail travel, mainly at night, and with a well-guided and explained tour of each city during the day. Except for Delhi, we were in the state of Rajasthan for the entire tour. Food on the train was excellent, a mixture of American, European, and Indian dishes. Eight different cities; a fascinating trip. We were amazed by the intricate carvings through sandstone that created screens for women who were not allowed out in public in those days. As much of India’s history has a background of invasions, religious and ethnic conflicts, etc., the country has numerous forts and palaces. “The Taj Mahal in Agra is everything it’s cracked up to be. The final day was spent on the ground in Old Delhi. The bazaar there is something I’ll never forget. “We thoroughly enjoyed the trip so much that we’re thinking of doing similar ones in other parts of the world. The ‘Blue Train’ in South Africa was recommended by fellow tourists as another good one. “From India we went to Japan. It was a good opportunity to renew acquaintances in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka. I had been with the occupation forces in Kyoto, so I know Japan fairly well. This was my ninth, and probably last visit, so there were some tearful farewells. Instead of sticking with major cities, the last four days were spent residing in a Buddhist temple at the top of a mountain that was finally reached by cable car. The mountain is covered with very straight cedar trees, each over 100 feet tall. The calm effect was so different than the hustle and bustle of India’s cities. “Two days after this writing, we will travel to Wiesbaden, Germany, to attend our daughter’s wedding. Then, I think we’ll stay home for the rest of the year, except for short visits to family and friends in this country. Hope that this finds my classmates enjoying retirement life as much as I am.”

1951 Class Correspondent: Ted Borri tjb63@columbia.edu robert heller phd’58 has recently moved to a retirement community in Burlington, N.C., and enjoys it. Robert and coauthor Deborah Oakley, assistant professor of architecture at University of Las Vegas, have submitted three sample chapters of the Fourth Revised Edition of Structure in Architecture to publisher Pearson Inc. He writes, “The original version was written by Professor Mario Salvadori and myself in 1963 at Columbia. That book enjoyed nationwide acceptance and has been translated into 10 foreign languages. This was followed by a series of motion pictures and TV tapes entitled Mechanics of Structures and Materials. So you can see, I am trying to remain active!”

1952 Class Correspondent: Peter Mauzey, p.mauzey@ieee.org

1953 60th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Lindsay Montanari at lindsaymontanari@columbia.edu. Class Correspondent: Don Ross, rossd@jbb.com Marvin Lazar Ms’59 advises us

that he was the “baby” of the M.E.

class and when looking for a job was unable to guarantee potential employers that he would not be drafted. As a result, he was unable to find employment in the areas he most favored, which included professional engineering or consulting firms in the New York City area. So he found work with several defense firms in test and development engineering, eventually arriving at Sperry in Lake Success, N.Y. He stayed there for 30 years until his retirement as a quality assurance department head. Marvin has three sons from his first marriage, each of whom is a professional (an MD and two lawyers) who have produced four grandchildren. Unfortunately, there are no Columbia grads in the bunch. They preferred MIT, Stanford Medical School, University of Pennsylvania, Duke Law School, Chicago University, and NYU. Marvin is happily married for fourteen years and still lives in the New York area as a resident of Hollis, Queens. He and his wife enjoy the benefits of Broadway shows, Met games, travel, family visits, and socializing with friends. george hunter ’52CC and his wife, Ginny, moved in March of 2010 from their home of 24 years in Bernardsville, N.J., to Winchester Gardens, a Continuing Care Retirement Community in Maplewood, N.J. They were on the waitlist for five years for a specific spacious and lovely apartment to become available. Although it could have become available at a more convenient time (Ginny was recovering from major heart surgery and the real estate market was in the worst state

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Class Notes in years), they concluded that in view of all the circumstances they should not turn down the opportunity to make the move. Needless to say, it involved a major downsizing, but they managed to get it done with help from their family and friends. They are well settled now and happy to be enjoying a less complicated life style. Their oldest granddaughter graduated from Princeton last year and received a four-year fellowship in the Woodrow Wilson Graduate School at Princeton, which involves two years of graduate study at Princeton followed by two years working in the U.S. State Department. In addition, two granddaughters just graduated from high school and will be starting college in the fall. George finds it hard to believe that his granddaughters are approaching adulthood already! Where, he asks, has the time gone? John s. hegedus has written concerning his career. Following graduation and after a stint with the New York City consulting firm Foster D. Snell, he joined American Cyanamid Company. In 1961, he was promoted to managing director and CEO of its Japanese pharmaceutical company, Lederle Japan. While in Tokyo, he married Franziska Neumann ’57BC; his son, Nicholas, was born in Japan. Subsequently, John became chairman/CEO of Wyeth Laboratories’ Turkish operations. A second son, Christopher, was born in Istanbul. In 1977, he returned to the United States as director for international projects of the Revlon Health Care Group. Two years later, he was back in Tokyo as president and CEO of its East Pacific Region covering Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. In 1986, he was appointed vice president of corporate licensing of Sterling Drugs in New York City while living in Greenwich, Conn. In 1991, upon Kodak’s decision to break up and divest Sterling, he joined Genelabs, a biotechnology company in Redwood City, Calif., as senior vice president. In 1996, he returned to Greenwich and founded his own management company, JSH Enterprises. John and his wife retired a few years ago to Pennington, N.J., to be close to their eldest son who runs his own law firm. His youngest son is an executive of SAIC and lives in Virginia. Both sons are married and blessed with two children each.

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Presently, John spends his working hours managing his investments— not, he claims, the easiest task these days. george huvos is fully retired and living in Vienna. He has two sons; one works at Human Rights Watch in New York City. He has stayed in touch with several classmates and was visited a few years back by hank Kramer ’52CC, who was visiting Europe on vacation. George attended the 50th Reunion, where he renewed friendships with other classmates who attended. After receiving his electrical engineering degree, Armin hagen had an interesting career designing and building military and space equipment with the final project being the Endeavour Space Shuttle. He is now retired and living in North Carolina with his wife, Jeanne. His marriage resulted in one son, four daughters, five grandchildren, and four great grandchildren. He and his wife are currently actively volunteering in hospital clinics and traveling worldwide. Armin is convinced that life is great.

1955 Class Correspondent: Leo Cirino, lc550@columbia.edu richard (dick) Bernstein ’54CC has published his ninth book, Diabetes Solution, 4th Edition (Little, Brown, NY, Boston), and two electronic books, Beating Diabetes, Type 1 and Beating Diabetes, Type 2. During his 24 years as an engineer, he invented blood sugar self-monitoring and a new method for normalizing diabetic blood sugars. Dick entered medical school at age 45 in order to get these methods published over the opposition of the American Diabetes Association. He was a pioneer in the use of very low carbohydrate diets in 1979, which is still opposed by the ADA, he says. In recent years, he has developed new techniques for curbing obesity, overeating, and carbohydrate craving. He conducts a free monthly teleconference, askdrbernstein.net, with about 3,500 subscribers. He treats diabetes and obesity at his office in Mamaroneck, N.Y. In his spare time, Dick practices astrophotography and studies math and physics.

1956 Class Correspondent: Lou Hemmerdinger MS’58 LHemmer@aol.com The Class of ’56 is alive and well. We had a June get together at The Bonnie Briar Country Club in Mamaroneck, N.Y. Yours truly, plus our Class President stephen easton MS’57BUS, Mark novick ’56CC, Jack Katz ’56CC, and dan Link ’56CC, who hosted the event, had a rousing game of tennis before retiring to the patio for a great lunch. Of course, rousing is an ambiguous word when you’re in your late 70s. We were joined at lunch by peter Klein ’56CC, Bob siroty ’56CC, and ron Kapon ’56CC, MS’57BUS. Ron just came back from a state-sponsored tour of Colombia, S.A., to promote Colombia’s restaurants and travel areas in the many magazines, blogs, and newsletters he is associated with. On a sad note, Al Broadwin ’56CC was going to join us for lunch, but his son-in-law passed away a few days before our luncheon. The Class sends condolences to Al and his family. My update is that we are moving from our home of 33 years in Old Bethpage, N.Y., to an active adult community about five miles east of here. Just what I need. More activity! In cleaning out the house, I came

1957

across a do-it-yourself record starring Al Miller, Jerry Kraut ’56CC, howie Taylor ’56CC, and myself made at

the Sports Palace (Broadway at 52nd Street) on September 13, 1952. We were singing “Who Owns New York.” I haven’t seen it for nearly 60 years. Only a portion of it plays, and we were not that good, although Al did join the Columbia Glee Club. You never know what is hidden on those shelves. Please remember, our class meets in New York almost every month, and during the winter, we have a luncheon in the Palm Beach area of Florida. We would like everyone to join us if you are in the neighborhood. Former classmates, if you have a new email address, please send it to me at Lhemmer@aol.com. I look forward to hearing from my Engineering friends and wish everyone a good fall, and that we should all be well.

1957 robert e. paaswell ’56CC was recently elected as a distinguished member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the highest honor chosen by the ASCE each year. Robert is the director of a newly awarded NSF University Industry Research Center. He was just commissioned by the Volvo Foundation

Over Reunion Weekend, paul Taormina ’57, ’56CC (left) catches up with Mike Massimino ’84 (center) and guy Longobardo ’49, Ms’50, engscd’62. The trio have an interesting connection in that Paul worked as the project engineer at Perkin-Elmer on several design projects crucial to the Hubble Telescope, which Mike, a NASA astronaut, repaired on a successful space mission. Guy and Mike have gotten to know each other through past Reunion events, and Guy taught Paul when he was a professor in the School’s Department of Mechanical Engineering. At Reunion, however, the three spent time sharing stories about Sicily, a place they each love.


Class Notes 1962 Class Correspondent: Marshal (Mickey) Greenblatt mg840@columbia.edu

to do a major paper on technology and urban access.

1958 55th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Lindsay Montanari at lindsaymontanari@columbia.edu. robert drucker writes, “2011 and

2012 events were replete with peripatetic travels. Early on, I had the opportunity to see a portion of the massive engineering/construction project of the third lock system of the Panama Canal. Later, a cruise about the British Isles allowed visits to the U.K., highlights of Liverpool and Edinburgh with a tour of the Royal Yacht Britannia—the engine room was spotless! Ireland and Scotland were also included with visits to Blarney Castle and Dublin, and an obligatory pilgrimage to the holy ale lovers’ site of Guinness Brewery for a pint. The year was topped off with a round-trip transatlantic cruise on Cunard’s Queen Mary 2, visiting Portugal and the Spanish Canary Islands. Highlights included a Madeira wine tasting, an old time tram tour of Lisbon, and a camel ride on Lanzarote. The upside here was traveling aboard a ship in relative comfort and avoiding any air travel, but the downside was that a passenger is easily converted to cargo before disembarking in NYC due to the all-inclusive meal plan. The balance of the year was offset by an occasional article published in Chemical Processing in response to some plant problems requiring resolution, grandparent responsibilities with nine

grandchildren, together with handling the usual banes of retirement, i.e., regular visits to the gym to hopefully stay in shape and the unavoidable trips to miscellaneous health care providers. Finally, grandson Brian Albert Bs’10 continues his graduate studies at MIT.”

1959 Class Correspondent: Betsey Altman, bmeca@comcast.net

1961 From 1961 to 1963, Luigi giamundo worked for Allied Chemical at its research center in Morristown, N.J., and then with the Advanced Chemical Division of Cincinnati Milling Machine in R&D and tech service in New Brunswick, N.J., until 1967. In 1967, Luigi moved to Italy and founded the company, REGLA FIBERGLASS, which later became ATP (Advanced Technologies of Pultrusion). REGLA built food and chemical fiberglass tanks. ATP manufactures highly technological structural profiles for pre-consolidation of “weak” soils before cutting in a tunnel. Luigi is the CEO of ATP and also the chairman of EPTA, the European Pultrusion Association, based in Frankfurt, Germany. Luigi has been married for 48 years, is the father of four, and grandfather to six, all of whom are American citizens. Although he lives in Italy, Luigi travels to the United States two to three times a year for business and pleasure.

The 50th Reunion of the class was a well-organized event attended by many of our classmates. sue Finkelstein, Bob rennick ’61CC, Ms’64, and hillel (hilly) hoffman ’61CC, ’65LAW were there and supplied some comments below. Leonard silverman phd’66, ’61CC, came in from California with his wife, Francine. We had an excellent dinner at the Russian Tea Room. Among the guests with us were Bernard Queneau ’32, ’33Mete and his wife, Esther. Bernard, 100 years old and a graduate of the School of Mines, gave a stirring speech about his career in metallurgy. At a lunch, all the attendees from the Class of ’62 were inducted into the Golden Lions Society: Lane Brandenburg phd’68, Lynn Conway Ms’63, sue Finkelstein, Mark Franklin ’61CC, Ms’64, hillel hoffman ’61CC, ’65LAW, richard Klein, Bob rennick, Leonard silverman, and myself. Dean

Feniosky Peña-Mora gave a rousing speech, as usual. A sumptuous dinner in Low Library was the highlight of Reunion Weekend. We heard about the state of the University from the chairman of the Board of Trustees, Billy Campbell. Some of the ’62ers decided that we will work harder and earlier to encourage more classmates to come to our 55th Reunion. Hope to see you there! sue Finkelstein spent about 28 years with IBM and then about 17 years with New York City’s Department of City Planning. Her

daughter, who attended Barnard on the double degree program, is married to an Engineering School graduate who works at Google. Sue’s little muffin, real name Elisheva Naomi, is five and a half; her little Avi, full name Avi Samuel, is two and a half. The twins, David Isaac and Shana Debora, turned five months old recently. Sue enjoyed the Reunion so much that she has offered to babysit her grandchildren so that her daughter and her son-in-law may attend their 10th, which would be next year. In 2002, hilly hoffman retired as a Brooklyn deputy district attorney. He continues to work in the office as a volunteer and is active in the New York State Bar Association Criminal Justice Section and in the American Bar Association Criminal Justice Section. Hillel is also a member of the Legislative Committee of the New York State District Attorneys Association and recently coauthored an article for the New York City Bar Association on compensating individuals who have been wrongfully convicted. Scott Davidoff, son of Lester davidoff Ms’63, has taken a position at NASA’s JPL in Pasadena, Calif. Bob rennick and his wife, Lisa, enjoyed catching up with the classmates who did attend the Reunion, including his former roommate, Lane Brandenburg, and former lab partners Clyde Jones and Len silverman. After returning to the wildfires at Waldo Canyon in Colorado, Bob says that for most of those affected, life is getting back to normal. He says that many homes within a couple of miles of his are completely gone, and some nearby friends suffered “only” partial losses. During the emergency, Bob says there

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Class Notes was only a short time for frantic packing of valued records and keepsakes into their two cars before the police pounded on the front door and said, “Time to go.” Bob and his wife joined a midnight evacuation into a mass of vehicles migrating east out of the fire zone. They spent three nights away from home with a kind and generous friend in a rural area, and they were among the earliest to be allowed back home. He says, “Some days, in some areas, it was hard to breathe, but now after heavy rains that last year came in late June and not when it was too late, the air is clearing up.” U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner visited the wire and sheet metal factory that Marshal Greenblatt owns with his son. “Secretary Geithner wanted to see a small business in action, and all he got was a tour from me,” he says.

Marshal (Mickey) Greenblatt gives Secretary Tim Geithner a tour of his manufacturing company, Marlin Steel Wire.

1963 50th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Lindsay Montanari at lindsaymontanari@columbia.edu. Class Correspondent: Chuck Cole, ccole6250@att.net Mark herman and his wife, Ronnie

Apter, have taken the big plunge and moved from Michigan to Nashville, Tenn., to be closer to their family, just south of Vanderbilt University and the Vanderbilt Medical Center. Due to Mark’s health condition, which has greatly deteriorated in the past several months, he will no longer be able to serve as Class Correspondent. On a happier note, Mark’s English translation of Smetana’s Czech opera The Bartered Bride has had two recent productions, one in England and another in the United States at the Eastman School of Music.

50 | columbia engineering

Carl Jakobsson ’62CC has retired from civil service employment after over 20 years as a civilian employee of the U.S. Navy and over six years with the Todd Shipyard in Los Angeles prior to his work with the Navy. He is living in Kitsap County in Washington, outside the city of Bremerton. In his retirement, Carl is running an after school study program at his church two days a week and teaches Sunday school. He also serves as chairman of the Political Action Committee at his local NAACP branch and as chairman of the International Relations Committee of the Alaska-OregonWashington State Area Conference of the NAACP. Carl is married to Estela, and they have seven grown children between the two of them, 22 grandchildren—11 in the United States and 11 who live in the Philippines. Carl wants to invite anyone living near Bremerton to an event, Mission Outreach Day (March 2, 2013), an annual celebration of some prominent occasions in the history of the modern day church, in which the church took successful action to protect the basic human rights of people who were under attack. Carl welcomes emails from classmates who are interested in the event, cjakobsson@comcast.net.

1964 Class Correspondent: Tom Magnani tm421@columbia.edu neil Marmor Ms’67, phd’69

stopped working full time for pay about six years ago by choice. It took a year or so to get used to living more frugally, but it also gave him the opportunity to decide what he wanted to do with the rest of his life. He quickly decided that there wasn’t enough time in life to simply spend it. If he really wanted to do something, he would, instead, invest his time. So, he decided to develop a project plan. In his version of retirement, Neil does some consulting for pay but invests more of his time doing pro bono work for arts and education organizations. Modern dance lessons in his 60s convinced him that a career was not to be, but he could apply his marketing and finance skills at the local ballet company, with an arts-in-education nonprofit, reading

to kids, and teaching financial literacy to visually impaired teens as well as to adults living in shelters. Neil’s theory is that education can solve most of the problems in the world, and it’s best to start with young kids. Neil has had the good fortune to continue to enjoy theater and dance, the library, jogging, the company of several good friends, red wine, and occasional travel. He often thanks his late parents for giving him a generous helping from the deep end of the gene pool. And Neil says, “For a kid whose grandparents came over by boat in steerage, I’ve been incredibly fortunate. The education I received at Columbia was part of that good fortune.” Class Correspondent Tom Magnani writes, “I’ve been slowly getting back into amateur radio. I’ve held K2UCU since 1956, mainly with the encouragement of a friend from high school, ZL1RD. The technology has changed a wee bit in 50 years. I’m enjoying being a grandparent. In one instance, having our first grader helps me measure a building, calculate the area of a truck bay, figuring its perimeter and then estimating how much paint it would take to paint its walls. The three oldest, ages nine, seven, and four, initiated a discussion about skeletons, living and dead, which grew into what shape a body would take without a skeleton. “As I hate being one of the few people who writes for the Columbia Engineering magazine, I’d like some company. Almost all of us have done something else other than what we studied and/or majored in almost 50 years ago, law, medicine, education, retirement, etc. I am asking that you

consider writing something about your present interests, life experiences, work history, for the Columbia Engineering magazine. By the way, spell check and Word’s grammar hints sure beats sweating the grammar tests we had our freshman year. This is not a homework assignment! Also, if you happen to know of anyone who has “vanished” please ask them to get in touch as I’d like for us to get together for our 50th Reunion. The person to whom your responses should be sent is Melanie Farmer at the Engineering School, mf2362@columbia.edu. I wish all of you well!”

1966 peter Buitenkant has moved to a new, larger office to continue his work as an independent consultant. Peter has been a consultant for the past 23 years, specializing in microcontroller hardware and software, and analog and digital circuit design.

1967

Bill Quirk

After eight years on the Hayward California City Council, Bill Quirk has decided to run for the California State Assembly. He finished first in the first round of elections on June 5. The runoff will be in November. He


Class Notes is running in part because he believes the Assembly needs both a politician and someone knowledgeable in science and engineering. Leif steinert writes, “In 1754 King George II founded Columbia to ‘enlarge the mind, improve the understanding, polish the whole man, and qualify them to support the brightest characters in all the elevated stations in life.’ It did that for me. Since New York City is probably the best place in the world to get a good job, when you arrive on campus as a freshman, you’re already in the big pond. A person can get an education anywhere, but all the ‘brightest characters in all the elevated stations in life’ are downtown, a few subway stops from campus. But it’s nice to retire. Some guys retire to play golf, but in 2004, at age 62, I retired to take ballet classes. In 1980, I had taught ballet in Santa Monica and am now reworking a NYC children’s ballet class into an outdoor fitness event. I hope to develop outdoor ballet shoes, including carbon fiber pointe shoes for women. Each part of the shoe has a different measurable coefficient of friction; some parts slide, some grip. Maybe I can make a deal with Nike. Who knows? With my enlarged mind, my improved understanding and my polish as the whole man, how can I miss?”

1968 45th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Lindsay Montanari at lindsaymontanari@columbia.edu. demetrios d. Lappas Ms’70, phd’75 officially retired from the chief

information officer business, but now he is busier than ever. He established a private practice on information technology and management consulting, The DDL Group LLC, several years ago and lives in Manhattan. His number of grandchildren has increased to three with the addition of his youngest granddaughter, Sylvie. After many years, several members of his varsity soccer team finally reconnected during the alumni game and had a great time, including his Columbia College friends Tom Mallios, John Davis, and Romolo Maurizi. howard Landsman was just named Jazz Personality of the Year by

proclamation of the mayor of the City of Madison, Wisc. The award is given annually at the Isthmus Jazz Festival to a person who has made a major contribution to the health of the local jazz scene. Howard’s role has been as a fundraiser, publicist, and program developer for several local nonprofit jazz organizations over the past several years.

1969 Class Correspondent: Ron Mangione Ronaldm@archeng.com

1970 geoffrey Akers Ms’70, Ms’71 is

now chief scientist at COSMIC Software Technology in Princeton, N.J. COSMIC holds defense contracts with U.S. Navy and U.S. Army and Department of Defense facilities. Geoffrey also reports that he intends to establish a Columbia/ Merit Scholarship for undergraduates who attend Columbia from a part of Connecticut where he lives, and who are National Merit Scholars or MD/ PhD graduate students in Columbia’s Medical School or the School of Engineering and Applied Science.

1973 40th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Star Sawyer at ss3858@columbia.edu. James s. Lee was awarded a one-year

research grant from the Urban China Initiative (UCI), a Beijing-based research partnership between the McKinsey & Company, Tsinghua University, and Columbia University. His research, entitled “Transit Synergized Development: Framework for a Smart, Low-Carbon Eco-City,” was one of three core grants awarded by UCI. James hopes that the research will contribute to China’s sustainable urbanization.

1975 Billie Tekel elias writes that her son, Blake, is interested in computer science and will be attending MIT this fall as a freshman.

1976 In July 2011, vincent p. Manno was appointed provost and dean of faculty at the Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering in Needham, Mass. Vincent joined Olin after 27 years at Tufts University, where he was associate provost and professor of mechanical engineering.

1977 gary elzweig is currently enrolled

in Nova Southeastern University H. Wayne Huizenga School of Business and Entrepreneurship working toward an MBA with an emphasis on entrepreneurship. After building, managing, and exiting from several national engineering firms over the course of his more than 30-year professional career, Gary returned to the industry recently with the purchase of Quality Built, a third-party inspections services business. Under his guidance, Quality Built just completed the acquisition of its biggest competitor, West Coast Property Consultants Inc. Gary is proud to be included in Columbia’s “Archimedes Lifetime Giving Society,” a permanent recognition that highlights a lifetime of giving and incredible generosity to the Engineering School. perry green has been all around the United States, either working or in school but now works for Bechtel Power Corp. as a senior civil engineer located in Frederick, Md. Perry is interested in connecting with his civil engineering classmates. His email is perrysgreen.phd@gmail.com.

1978 35th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Star Sawyer at ss3858@columbia.edu. Class Correspondents: Larry Chung lpc34@columbia.edu Peter Luccarelli peter.luccarelli@pliplaw.com peter Luccarelli has opened his own

intellectual property law firm in central New Jersey. His youngest son, Christopher, will begin his studies at the College this fall following his older brother, Peter III ’07CC. Len scarpinato was promoted to chief implementation officer at CogentHMG, a national health care company based in Nashville, Tenn. Len says that majoring in engineering helps him with process and knowledge acquisition, but the medical doctorate and administrative master’s helped too!

1979 Class Correspondent: Stewart Levy, srlevy@att.net In 1988, edl schamiloglu Ms’81 received his PhD from Cornell University. This year, he is celebrating his 25th year anniversary as professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of New Mexico. He was just awarded his third MURI grant and his sixth DURIP (Defense University Research Infrastructure Program) grant. Edl’s daughter, Selin, will be entering her sophomore year at Columbia College this fall.

columbia engineering | 51


Class Notes 1980 After 29 years at Fuji Film, naoyuki Kawanishi joined Corning Inc. in July 2010. A large portion of Corning’s earnings comes from the display industry, and Asia is an important market for Corning Display Technologies. Naoyuki was blessed with three children, two sons and a daughter. Unfortunately, Naoyuki’s elder son suffered from leukemia and passed away this past June. Naoyuki says, “It takes time to heal from pain and regrets, but we are slowly recovering.” steve “duke” McCarthy and his wife, Suzanne, recently celebrated their 22nd wedding anniversary. They are the proud parents of three children: Christian, 21, Sheehan, 19, and Jordan, 16, and live in Lowell, Mass. Duke is a program engineer at Textron Systems in Wilmington, Mass., going into his 32nd year there. He wishes the best to all his Columbia brothers and sisters and would like to give a shout-out to his old classmates, Bob “Max” Creig and dave “grinder” Cromwick. george svokos is happy to report that his third daughter, Alexandra ’14CC, is a junior studying economics and nonfiction writing. His middle daughter, Elizabeth, a 2011 anthropology graduate of Bryn Mawr College, is delighted to be a production assistant at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. George’s eldest daughter, erini ’09Bs, just graduated from Georgetown Law and has been preparing for both the bar exam and her future job as a corporate lawyer for a firm in New York City, beginning in October. George was recently promoted to senior vice president of U.S. Technical Operations at TEVA Pharmaceuticals USA; he was formerly president of Plantex USA, a sales and marketing division of TEVA API. George and his wife of 29 years, Grazia R. Svokos ’80BC, live in northern New Jersey, where she is a professor of English at a local community college.

1981 After graduating from the Henry Krumb School of Mines with a BS in mining engineering, daniel howard went on to receive a graduate certificate in finance from Harvard University. He is presently a mining

52 | columbia engineering

engineering consultant and Wall Street investment banker and resides in Boston with his wife and two children. For fun, he plays squash at the New York City Harvard Club, of which he is a lifelong member. raymond Leung writes that his wife, Emily, passed away after a more than five-year battle with lung cancer. Raymond made a donation to Columbia in her memory. Emily had established the first lung cancer patients’ support group a couple of years ago at Stanford Hospital to care for other patients. Her story was reported in North American and Chinese newspapers, and she had been invited to speak at a management meeting of Genetech. Raymond says that everyone was impressed by her selfless actions and desire to help. Raymond and his children, Samantha ’09CC, and Andrew, a freshman at USC, recently returned from a vacation to Hong Kong, Guangzhou, and Macau. Samantha joined the Teachfor-America program after graduation and stayed on as a math teacher at the San Jose Unified School District. Andrew is majoring in electrical engineering.

1982 Class Correspondent: Dan Libby, kdl26@columbia.edu

1983 30th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Star Sawyer at ss3858@columbia.edu.

engineering supervisor responsible for CAD administration and has had the opportunity to work in Groton as well as extended assignments in Washington, D.C., and Barrow in Furness, U.K. Greg has also had the opportunity to serve as the national project manager for the IGES Standard, which is used for transferring data between dissimilar CAD systems. On the home front, Greg and Barbara now have two grown children. Joseph, now 23, followed in his father’s footsteps and works at Electric Boat, and Rebecca, who is 21, is finishing up at Rennselaer Polytechnic. Barbara is working as a paralegal, having retired as a full-time volunteer and mom. Greg adds that he often thinks of his time at Columbia as some of the best years of his life! Michael hill Ms’89 was recently appointed lecturer in chemical engineering design by Columbia’s Department of Chemical Engineering. Prior to his recent appointment, he had been an adjunct associate professor of chemical engineering at Columbia since 2005, following his retirement from a successful career at Unilever R&D. Michael is a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and the chair of AIChE’s Process Development Division. He is recognized as a global leader in the field of chemical product design. In addition to teaching, Michael is collaborating with Columbia Engineering Professor Edward Leonard to develop a microfluidic artificial kidney that they hope will revolutionize the treatment of patients with end-stage renal disease.

1985

Greg Morea on a visit to Alaska with family

When greg Morea ’82CC and his wife, Barbara, moved to southeastern Connecticut in 1983 so that he could start as an engineer at Electric Boat, they assumed they would stay for two years and move back to the City. They haven’t left yet! Greg has been with Electric Boat for 29 years and counting. He is now an

John Mastrogiulio with fiancée, Iria Putz

John Mastrogiulio Ms’90 writes,

“I have never been happier in my personal and professional life.” He is currently working at ETrade Financial and is engaged to Kerstin Iria Putz, originally from Bonn, Germany.

stephen Wilkowski recently received an IEEE Region 1 Award for his outstanding leadership and service to the North Jersey Section and the Vehicular Technology Section.

Stephen Wilkowski (left) with the chair of the North Jersey Section of the IEEE

1986 Avi Kaner

MBA’89BUS, an elected member of Westport, Connecticut’s board of finance for the past seven years, was Avi Kaner appointed chair last November. Avi also is the co-owner of Morton Williams Supermarkets. He lives in Westport with his wife, Liz, and their three children: Julia, Jack, and Jonathan. guy noll recently completed a more than 24-year career with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration with the completion of his tour as a commanding officer and with the relocation of the Pacific Marine Operations Center from Seattle’s Lake Union to a new facility at Newport, Ore. He writes, “Now a year into the exciting application of Esri’s geographic information system (GIS) technology to oceanic sciences and the web, my family and I are also exploring the many sights around our home in southern California. The 3-2 Engineering Program continues to benefit both my working and personal life through breadth of education and interests, and I keep in touch with Jeff Mattson Ms’87 and Alex Meyer from the same program.” Alex gorelik joined Informatica as senior vice president of R&D, managing a team of 400 engineers in California, Texas, India, and the U.K. working on integration and big data. Prior to Informatica, Alex was a Distinguished Engineer in IBM’s Information Management group; and prior to IBM, he founded two startups: Exeros, which was acquired by


Class Notes IBM, and Acta, acquired by Business Objects/SAP. Alex lives in Palo Alto, Calif., with his wife, Irina, and their four children. Chung-Yo (david) Lai Ms’88

and his family moved back to northern California recently, after nearly six years living in Hong Kong. His daughter, Vivian, born in Hong Kong, is now four and will be starting preschool in the San Jose area in the fall. David and his wife, Angie, are looking forward to getting reconnected with fellow alumni and involved in Columbia activities in California.

1987 Janice Iwachow Warner Ms’89

was recently named the dean of the Business School at Georgian Court University in Lakewood, N.J. Upon graduating from Columbia, Wajdi Atallah Ms’88 worked for a major construction contractor in New York and on the West Coast. He currently runs SBI Consultants Inc., a project management and cost engineering firm located in NYC. Wajdi was elected to the external advisory board of the Mechanical Engineering Department at Columbia. He lives in New Rochelle, N.Y., with his wife, Maddali, and two sons, Adriano, 13, and Agostino, 9. Kevin Mcgrattan and his wife, Laura Ting ’87CC, ’89SW, attended their respective 25th Class Reunions in June. Laura was in the first coed class of Columbia College. Their son, Brian, just finished his first year at SEAS. Kevin also recently celebrated his 20th year working in the Fire Research Division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, Md.

1988 25th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Star Sawyer at ss3858@columbia.edu. Class Correspondents: Caryn Frick, carynfrick@gmail.com Elaine Loumbas, ElaineZL@aol.com David Shofi, dshofi@atmi.com John Boyd moved to Old Greenwich,

Conn., in July with his wife, Yvonne Tran, and their two children. They moved to be closer to New York City

and the water. John is a partner at Rimon P.C., focusing on intellectual property matters and is still advising meetingwave.com, vrfy.me, and other emerging companies. Ted London is a vice president with CGI, a global IT and consulting company. He leads CGI’s Tax, Revenue and Collections Center of Excellence. He is a subject matter expert advising federal, state, and provincial tax and revenue agencies how to deploy technology solutions to enhance public service and increase collections without raising taxes. He travels extensively for work throughout the United States, Canada, and Western Europe and speaks at many industry conferences. Ted lives in Sacramento, Calif., where he continues to interview high school seniors for Columbia. He also celebrated his 10th wedding anniversary and has a four-and-a-half-year-old daughter.

SEAS alumni living in Japan reconnect at recent Tokyo event.

is finding more alumni in Tokyo and is slowly growing.

1990 Class Correspondent: Laura Cordani Christopher, zchristophers@gmail.com

1991 1989 Class Correspondent: Shre Roy, Shre.roy@att.net Ben harris was diagnosed with ALS in 2001. Since then, he has been focusing his energy on advocating for others who suffer from the disease. He was recently profiled in the Wall Street Journal and on NPR. As a scientist, his advocacy work is about more than improving ALS treatments; rather, it addresses the plight of anyone who suffers from a disease and is thwarted from accessing treatment. After graduating from SEAS, Ben went on to get his PhD at University of California– Riverside. He is married and has a son. They reside in Bloomington, Ind., where Ben is the director of medical physics at the ProCure Center. Friend and fellow Columbia alum Ellen McCurtin ’89CC writes, “Ben is a highly accomplished and brilliant medical physicist but has always remained the same humble, warm, and approachable person he was when we met in high school. He is a credit to Columbia and the work he is doing now is noble and brave.” Justin (Yoshihito) Koya has joined other SEAS alumni in Japan to help organize informal meetings on a quarterly or biannual basis. In April, Justin and others hosted an event at Roppogi, Tokyo (International House of Japan), which drew SEAS alumni from different class years. The group

Class Correspondent: Radhi Majmudar radhi@majmudar.org pavanjit singh dhingra’s son, Amar Singh Dhingra, was accepted into the School of Engineering and Applied Science as an early decision applicant for the Class of 2016. Pavanjit is delighted to drop him off this fall at Morningside Heights!

1992 Class Correspondent: Janneth Ignacio Marcelo jannethmarcelo@gmail.com

Janneth Marcelo (in black) with family during Reunion Weekend

Janneth Marcelo writes, “I attended

my 20th Reunion in the spring with my kids. It was their first time in New York City. We had a blast! After being home full time, I returned to work at the Office of Admissions at Georgetown University’s Law Center in September of 2010. Work and keeping up with my husband, son,

and twin girls keeps me busy. Fellow classmates, please send me your updates!” raymond Millien, cofounder of PCT Law Group, PLLC, has been named to Intellectual Asset Management (IAM) magazine’s list of the World’s 300 Leading IP Strategists. Raymond cofounded PCT Law Group in 2007. Prior to PCT, he was general counsel of Ocean Tomo, where he was responsible for overseeing all legal and regulatory affairs. He also was vice president and group IP counsel at American Express.

1993 20th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Cliff Massey at cam2171@columbia.edu. Class Correspondent: Herbert Kreyszig Hek7000@gmail.com

1995 Amanda (Adams) Berglund lives in Santa Rosa, Calif., with her husband, Joe, and their two daughters, Freya, eight, and Ellie, six. Amanda has been working as a strategic consultant for hospitals for the past seven years. She still loves to travel, and last year she was lucky enough to tag along on her husband’s school trips to China and Brazil. Amanda was recently elected treasurer of the school board at her daughters’ school, which she expects will be both very challenging and very rewarding.

1996 Frank A.Y. Wang Ms’96 started

an investment fund venture, Athena Capital Management, in Taiwan. columbia engineering | 53


Class Notes

Since graduation, Frank has worked for Goldman Sachs, Citigroup, Credit Suisse, and Morgan Stanley as an equity strategist and technology research analyst in the United States, China, and Taiwan markets for 16 years.

1997 Class Correspondent: Kelly Lenz, kal23@columbia.edu Tracy hammond Ms’00, ’97CC

received tenure last May and is now an associate professor at Texas A&M University. She was also recently awarded the 2011–12 College of Engineering Faculty Fellow Award; specifically, she is the Charles H. Barclay, Jr. ’45 Faculty Fellow.

1998 15th reunion To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Cliff Massey at cam2171@columbia.edu. Class Correspondent: Pak Li, pakping@yahoo.com

2000 Class Correspondent: Daisy Chow daisy@caa.columbia.edu Upon returning to Greece, Christos Kaklamanis Ms’01 and his brother, Yannis Kaklamanis, founded the design firm Palimpsest | Architects + Engineers. Their work involves architectural design, structural design, transportation engineering, construction management, and property development. The company has had steady growth for the past 11 years, especially in the structural engineering division. In the past two years, they have diversified activities in tourism and art and entertainment. They built, own, and operate Villa Fabrica, a luxury hotel in Santorini, and Melanithros, a versatile art space and event venue in Athens. Christos has been married since 2006 and in April had his fourth child, a baby girl. He has an older daughter, age four and a half, and two sons, ages three and one and a half years old. He lives with his family in Kifissia, Athens.

events, instantly. Inspired by his own wedding, Tejpaul and his team of nine launched the business and began marketing specifically to newlyweds. Kaptur now has a significant market share in the wedding space in the United States and has attracted investors such as Archie Cox, Deb Meijer, John Quigley, and other notable names. stephen del percio recently joined URS Corporation as counsel in its Infrastructure & Environment Division in New York City.

2002

2001

To take an active role in your Class Reunion activities, please contact Cliff Massey at cam2171@columbia.edu.

Jeffrey Chau started a kids’ wear

brand with his business partner in Hong Kong and it has been well received so far. The brand, A for Apple, will be relaunching its online shop soon.

1999 After a 12-year run with Trilogy in Austin, Tex., Brian shicoff joined Broadway Technology, a provider of high-performance financial trading solutions. In his spare time, he continues to work his way up the tournament chess circuit and is planning to defend his U.S. Class Championship title in the fall.

54 | columbia engineering

Class Correspondent: John Morris, jpm53@columbia.edu dina (dassy) Chelst and her hus-

band, Azriel, celebrated the birth of their daughter, Orit Bella, on April 24. Dina and Azriel are now the happy parents of two sons and two daughters.

2003 10th reunion

Class Correspondent: Amar Doshi, abd19@columbia.edu

Rasheq Zarif with fiancée, Julia Knittel, visiting Paris Jeremy White with wife, Rachel, and their three children

Kaptur.com, a new photo-collecting website, launched by Tejpaul Bhatia in 2011

Tejpaul Bhatia launched www.kaptur.com last year to help people collect everyone’s photos from

Jeremy White recently celebrated the birth of his third child, a baby boy, with wife Rachel White ’05BUS. Jeremy will be opening up a plastic surgery practice with locations in Hollywood, Fla., and Aventura, Fla.

rasheq Zarif proposed to his girlfriend of five years on May 12. They met at an off-site meeting while working at Mercedes-Benz. Rasheq was also recently promoted to the newly appointed role of senior manager of business innovation at Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America Inc. In this role, he is tasked to lead in the development and imple-


Class Notes

mentation of the Business Innovation Group in Palo Alto, Calif. This group will focus on the emergence of creative and new business opportunities.

2004 Class Correspondent: Eric Rhee, eric.rhee@gmail.com

Several Engineering alumni fete Jay Mung at his July nuptials.

eric rhee writes, “Hello, Class of

2004! Many small gatherings of our classmates have highlighted this year thus far. Justin saechee is moving west, pursuing his construction management career in Los Angeles. For his 30th birthday/going away party, classmates, including Alan Mark, scott Linthorst, sachin nene, and Jennifer Chu, went wine tasting on the North Fork, Long Island. And speaking of Jenn Chu, we congratulate her on her engagement to Mike Kramer, whom she met in business school. “I would also love to highlight Jay Mung’s wedding celebration that occurred in Eagle Rock, Calif., on July 7. It was a fun-filled wedding with many Columbia alums dancing the night away. It was great to see Jing Cai, who recently graduated from Stanford Business School and now works at Striiv in San Francisco. Also at the wedding was former ESC President

vijay sundaram, who is working on

a technology start-up in San Francisco. Last but not least, it was great to see Jeff eng, who is currently a patent lawyer in the New York City area. “One final note: best wishes to Anik ray, who is off to Michigan Business School this fall. “The next time you hear from me, we will be beginning the one-year countdown to our 10-year Reunion.” omar siddiqui founded a small tech start-up, grabHalo, focusing on messaging on mobile devices. While grabHalo is a U.S. entity, it has an office in Bangalore. It moved offices in July to Santiago, Chile, just for six months after being selected for an incubation program called StartUp Chile. Omar would love to hear from alumni in the Santiago area. To contact him, send an email to omar .siddiqui@gmail.com.

2005 Class Correspondent: Devang Doshi devang.doshi@gmail.com

Center for Collaborative Control of Unmanned Vehicles at Berkeley for the past six years. The Center specializes in technologies enabling teams of unmanned aircraft to perform missions such as search and rescue and automated object tracking. Some of Brandon’s thesis work was featured in the April 2011 cover story of ASME Mechanical Engineering magazine in the article “Drones for Peace: Airborne Autonomous and Collaborative.” Brandon has also been a member of the Cal Triathlon Team for five years and was a member of the national championship team in 2009. He was nominated as an AllAmerican in 2011. Allan Fong married Amy Hudson in Arlington, Va., on June 6, 2012. Margaret pierson recently finished a postdoctoral research fellowship at Harvard Business School and will be moving to Hanover, N.H., to start an assistant professorship at Dartmouth’s Tuck School of Business.

2006 Class Correspondent: Nick Jennings nfj2003@caa.columbia.edu

Brandon Basso

Brandon Basso graduated this past summer with a PhD in mechanical engineering from UC Berkeley. His thesis was titled “Learned Solutions to Scheduling and Routing Problems.” Brandon has been a member of the

After nearly five years at Salesforce .com and with the help of courageous institutional investors, Ted summe has made the entrepreneurial leap with Discovr.ly. The company is working to turn the “time suck” of Facebook into a “time save” by letting you better discover the company you keep to make you more productive.

2007 Class Correspondent: Tamsin Davies tamsin.davies@gmail.com sevan Mehrabian and hendrik Thompson are founders of The Life

Tie Project, a cancer philanthropy inspired fashion company. Sevan writes, “As engineers, fashion was never really on our radar and neither was cancer research. However, through life and professional experiences with cancer and in the management consulting corporate environment, we recognized how powerful fashion can be to motivate people, start movements, and raise awareness. The viral and inspirational nature of fashion combined with our engineering methodical and logical approach to process improvement and data analysis has led us to an effort to improve cancer research, patient education and experience, and disease prevention. Our hope is to be able to work directly with professors and researchers, especially at Columbia, to understand the inefficiencies in each of these processes and to be able to channel funds directly to their critical research projects.” The two had a successful first year with an exciting number of sales and, hence, money donated to various charities. They have been featured in The Wall Street Journal, CNBC, and The Huffington Post.

columbia engineering | 55


Class Notes 2011 Class Correspondent: Justin Merced jmm2238@columbia.edu

Jian Chen

2008 5th reunion Class Correspondent: Amy Lin seas2008.engineeringnews@gmail .com Kim Atiyeh recently graduated from

NYU Medical School and is currently a resident at NYU in otolaryngology—ear, nose, and throat. Whitney hall will be graduating from NYU with a Doctor of Physical Therapy in September. She is currently working with a kids’ gym startup, ExerBlast, to develop programs for children with special needs and physical challenges.

Jeremy giese is currently enrolled in the Leaders for Global Operations (LGO) program at MIT. LGO is a two-year, dual-degree program jointly offered by the MIT School of Engineering and the MIT Sloan School of Management. Jeremy will be earning an SM in mechanical engineering and an MBA, after which he plans to pursue a career in product and technology development.

Jessica Aspis is currently starting her second year at Columbia Business School. She worked at IBM for the summer and is glad to be back at Columbia! daniel Wong recently purchased a home in Boston, Mass., where he is attending Tufts University as a graduate student. He is doing his thesis work in cell and molecular physiology in the lab of Dan Jay at the Tufts University Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Studies.

Jian Chen is currently working at LSI Corporation as an analog validation engineer.

2012 Class Correspondents: Rebecca Frauzem rfrauzem@sbcglobal.net Hannah Cui hannah.cui@gmail.com

2009 Class Correspondent: Ramya Pratiwadi ramyap@gmail.com

2010 Charles Ekstein weds College alumna Nicole Goldstein in March. Several Columbia alums celebrate with newlyweds Darius Dehnad and Kara Worsley.

darius Kevin dehnad and Kara Hellen Worsley ’08CC were married on April 28 in a ceremony and reception at the Central Park Boathouse. randall Johnson will be starting at USC’s Marshal School of Business this fall. He’s looking to leverage the skills he learned as a mechanical engineer to transition into a career in operations management. Before buckling down for the school year, Randall vacationed in Bali.

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Charles ekstein and Nicole Goldstein ’08CC tied the knot in Boca Raton, Fla., on March 25, surrounded by a plethora of their nearest and dearest. After a brief apartment hunt and a long honeymoon in Italy, the pair made a pit stop in Boston for Charles’s graduation from Boston University School of Medicine, ultimately settling down in the East Village with a brand new Bernese Mountain puppy, Riley. In July, Charles started his residency in Orthopaedic Surgery at LIJ North Shore Hospital.

Class Correspondent: Michelle Madejski michelle.medejski@gmail.com

Daniel Vecchiolla during his wedding ceremony

daniel vecchiolla married his high

Chase McCaleb and Kara Bess on their wedding day; Photo credit: CJ Isaac

On June 9th, Chase McCaleb married Kara (Bess) McCaleb ’11CC at St. Paul’s Chapel on Columbia’s campus.

school sweetheart, Bethany Boyle, who received her BS in psychology from Fordham University in 2012. Daniel and his wife currently live in Illinois. victor Yee founded Soy Hound, an organic soymilk company. It is in the early stages and can be currently found at Smorgasburg, Gourmet Guild, and Khim’s Millennium Market—all located in Brooklyn.


Program Notes

Program Notes: Graduate Alumni AppLIed phYsICs And AppLIed MATheMATICs olgun Adak Ms’12 is currently working toward a PhD in applied physics at Columbia. Michael hahn Ms’06, Mphil’08, phd’09 was selected as one of the

postdoctoral winners of the New York Academy of Science’s 2012 Blavatnik Awards for Young Scientists. The award was given for Michael’s work using spectroscopy to constrain the mechanisms by which energy is carried into the solar corona, heating it to above a million degrees and driving the solar wind. This is part of the work Michael is currently working on as an associate research scientist in the Columbia University Astrophysics Laboratory.

Medal in an awards ceremony held in New Orleans in April. The award is the highest honor that TAPPI can bestow upon an individual. Do was recognized for his significant contributions to latex technology research, development, and applications. Do says that the award is the “greatest honor in his professional career.” vincent pereira engscd’89 is the district coordinator of science at the Freeport Public Schools on Long Island. He resides in Englewood, N.J., with his wife, Thelma, and two daughters Allison, 15, and Samantha, 13.

CIvIL engIneerIng And engIneerIng MeChAnICs

CheMICAL engIneerIng vasilis Fthenakis Ms’78 is the editor of the newly published book Third Generation Photovoltaics. Vasilis is currently senior research scientist, adjunct professor, and director of the Center of Life Cycle Analysis at Columbia’s Earth and Environmental Engineering Department.

Martial Elie-Pierre (center) with Andrew (left) and Derek, pictured in front of the mucking system built at 72nd Street and 2nd Avenue

Martial elie-pierre Ms’88, pe’89 hosted Columbia Engineering

Do Ik Lee (center left) at the TAPPI Awards Ceremony

do Ik Lee Ms’64, engscd’67, adjunct professor in the Department of Paper Engineering, Chemical Engineering, and Imaging at Western Michigan University, received the 2012 TAPPI Gunnar Nicholson Gold

students this past spring at his current job site, the Second Avenue Subway Project. Martial is a proud participant in the externship program organized by the Columbia Alumni Association, which gives first-year students early, real-life exposure to a particular engineering field to help narrow their interests and choose a major. Over the course of the four working days, SEAS first-years Derek Netto and Andrew Kaluzny had the opportunity to work closely with Martial and attend progress and technical meetings to experience how a major project like the Second Avenue Subway is run day to day. Both students have said the

experience was extremely informative and gave them an inside look at what actually happens in construction management. Martial looks forward to hosting more SEAS students as part of this program. dakis Joannou Ms’64 heads J&P, a group of privately held international building, civil engineering, and energy companies with activities in the Middle East, North Africa, and Southeastern Europe. He is also active in the hospitality sector, with holdings in the Inter-Continental Hotel in Athens and through Yes Hotels. Dakis is active in many not-for-profits. He is the chairman of the board of the Christos Stelios Ioannou Foundation, a model center for the mentally handicapped, in Cyprus. He is also a board member of the International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children, an organization that works to end child abduction and exploitation. Furthermore, Dakis Joannou’s family has provided support to the University of Oxford with the establishment of the Stelios Ioannou School for Research in Classical and Byzantine Studies, while the family’s recent donation to the University of Cyprus has aided in the realization of the Stelios Ioannou Information Center and Library. After graduating from SEAS, Dakis earned a doctorate in architecture from the University of Rome in Italy. Manuel Miranda Mphil’08, phd’09 and wife, Sarah, welcomed

the arrival of their second child, Gabriel, in May. Their oldest, Annabel, is two. Manuel is currently an associate scientist at Brookhaven National Lab on Long Island, where he resides with his family. Matteo Montesi Ms’10 attended Columbia with the support of a scholarship from H2CU, an organization that works to connect different Italian universities with some of the best schools in the United States. After graduating, Matteo joined Parson Brinckerhoff, where he

currently works in the Geotechnical and Tunneling Group. He has been mainly working on the construction of the Second Avenue Subway Project, the design of the reconstruction of the Bayonne Bridge, and the No. 7 line extension project. Until this past spring, Matteo was a member of the Columbia Men’s Volleyball Team, which had been a great experience for him and allowed him to meet great people and friends. Now residing in Jersey City, Matteo visits his family and friends in Italy twice a year. Since graduation he has also traveled to Aruba, Bahamas, Puerto Rico, and Miami.

Paul Shim (left) and Michael Mudalel

Michael Mudalel Ms’10 and paul shim Ms’10 are the cofounders

of MFS Consulting Engineers, LLC. Established in 2009, while completing their master’s degrees, they partnered with U.C. Berkeley alum Jose Fuertes, to form a civil engineering firm providing engineering consulting services in the Greater New York City metropolitan area. Presently the firm provides geotechnical subsurface borings for contractor EE Cruz at the Columbia University Manhattanville Project. Within the past three years, the firm has consulted for heavy-site civil contractors working on bridge and infrastructure projects, utility solar projects, and commercial projects. Their projects span the continental United States as well as Puerto Rico. On the personal side, Michael and his wife, Connie, welcomed a new son, Michael Louis Mudalel Jr., on March 19.

columbia engineering | 57


Program Notes

Enrica Oliva loves to travel. This summer, she visited Iceland, Italy, and Greece.

enrica oliva Ms’07 has worked at Thornton Tomasetti since February of 2007; she is currently a senior engineer. She worked on the Barclays Center Arena from 2007 to early 2011 and then spent six months to bring the extension of 330 Hudson Street to construction documents level. Earlier this year, Enrica began work on the design of the Edmonton Arena in Alberta, Canada, which, she says, is very exciting. It will be home to the Edmonton Oilers as well as a winter garden and a series of other buildings. She will soon become project engineer for this job, allowing her to gain more experience dealing with architects, managing younger engineers, putting together structural sets of drawings for issuance, and coordinating and attending more meetings than she has in the past. She plans to get her PE shortly. daniel shacham Ms’64 is managing partner at Yaron-ShimoniShacham, one of the major civil engineering consulting firms in Israel. Daniel’s firm is located in Tel Aviv and known for its work in bridges, marine structure, reinforced concrete structures, prestressed concrete, and steel structures.

Transportation, and Construction Supervision Divisions as a partner and senior vice president. He is a fellow and life member of the ASCE and past president-elect and director of ASCE Metropolitan Section. In the spring of 2011, Abba Tor Ms’53 led a group of graduate students and faculty from the School of Architecture of the ETH Zurich (Federal Technological University) on a tour of the landmark TWA Terminal at JFK Airport and the Repertory Theater building of Lincoln Center in New York. The subject of the 10-day tour was corporate architecture in the United States between 1950 and 1980. Abba was the project structural engineer on those two buildings between 1958 and 1964. Upon their return to Zurich, Abba was interviewed by the Swiss journal Archithese for an international thematic review of architecture. The interview was published in 2011. Last year, Abba retired from his teaching position as adjunct associate professor at the Columbia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation.

In the ultimate mash-up, Apoorv Agarwal Ms’09 used dance (modern and ballet) to explain a process of machine learning. “I wanted to explore a form in which art and science may collaborate. Through the process of making this choreography, I have found a new meaningful representation for scientific ideas.” Apoorv partnered with Caitlin Trainor, a lecturer of dance at Barnard College, to create the unique performance connecting the dancers’ movements to how machine learning works. The duo debuted their performance, choreographed by Trainor, in May at Barnard and had two more shows in Brooklyn this past summer. The next stop for Apoorv will be a performance at TEDxColumbiaEngineering on October 19.

CoMpuTer sCIenCe Joel Christner Ms’10 left his executive position at StorSimple to start a company with two friends. He is now cofounder and chief technology officer of Cube, a hosted point-of-sale system that runs on modern devices (iPads and laptops) and legacy devices (existing point-of-sale system). Additionally, Cube provides an integrated payment network and application platform that allows merchants to combine services that improve and simplify customer transactions, including loyalty programs, gift cards, coupon redemption, inventory management, and bookkeeping.

Sam Weissman

eLeCTrICAL engIneerIng

sam Weissman Ms’63 is the recipient of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 2012 Metropolitan Section Civil Engineer of the Year award. Sam has a 54-year career at Ammann & Whitney, where he has been involved in hundreds of projects in the firm’s Facilities,

Khawla Alnajjar and husband, Jasim

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CoMpuTer sCIenCe

Khawla Alnajjar Ms’11 is a second-year PhD student in electrical engineering at the School. She has published two papers in the last year, “Grassmannian Packing Based Aligned Precoder Designs for Interference Channels” and “Phase Modulation by a Gaussian Random Process—The Power Spectral Density.” Khawla had the privilege of collaborating with AT&T Shannon Lab last summer and fall. Last year, she married Jasim Karam. They are currently in Christchurch, New Zealand, where Khawla is doing an internship in wireless communications at WRC Research Center. Mehmet Bellibas Ms’79 recently retired after 12 years of teaching electronics and engineering at Gloucester High School and 21 years at New York Hospital Cornell Medical Center.

Kenneth Brayer

After 47 years at The MITRE Corp., Kenneth Brayer Ms’65 retired in August as the principal network engineer. He was elected a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in 1990 and has authored 51 professional journal and magazine articles, and conference papers in communications, computing, and network technology. Kenneth’s innovations have been key drivers in communication and network technology. His most widely used advance is the design of a 32 degree cyclic redundancy check code (1975) that is the IEEE Standard in 802.3, and standard for error detection in Ethernet, HDLC, MPEG-2, and PNG to


Program Notes name a few, and has been adopted in the Internet and many other networks worldwide. Kenneth has been an instructor in Continuing Education at George Washington University and the MITRE Institute, a thesis adviser at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, and a consultant to the Georgia Institute of Technology. Jude Ken-Kwofie Ms’01 started the company It’s Moringa, a socially conscious natural foods organization dedicated to developing and promoting premium food, beverage, supplement, and ingredients based on the moringa plant. Moringa is native to Ghana, West Africa (where Jude’s parents and brothers were born), and considered by many as the most nutrient-rich plant on Earth. He writes, “We are dedicated to promoting wellness, for individuals and the global community, through our dynamic ‘It’s Moringa, It’s for Life’ campaign to end hunger and malnutrition through vibrant partnerships.” The company allocates a portion of each sale to end malnutrition. Most of their efforts to date have been focused on Ghana. Jude plans to travel back to Ghana in September.

Bill Klages

William (Bill) Klages Ms’48 was inducted into the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Hall of Fame in March. A lighting designer, Bill was one of nine honored at the ceremony, held at the Beverly Hills Hotel. He is the winner of seven Primetime Emmy Awards and has earned 21 nominations. He’s associated with some of the most outstanding productions in television history, such as Playwrights ’56, The Kraft Music Hall, The Tony Awards, The Emmy Awards, The Kennedy Center Honors, Sweeney Todd, and The Grammy Awards. His design work also includes the closing ceremonies of the 1984 Olympics, the “Liberty Weekend” Statue of Liberty celebration, and four Republican National Conventions. In 2004, Bill received the Distinguished Achievement Award in Lighting Design from the United

States Institute of Theatre Technology and was named Lighting Designer of the Year at the 2002 LDI Convention. Jerry Mathew Ms’07 writes, “It’s been five years since I graduated Columbia . . . and I never knew my career would have evolved into the world of stand-up comedy!” Jerry took improv classes two years ago to get stage time with the plan of becoming an actor. After trying a few open mics with a few stand-up comedians in his class, he amended his game plan. For the past year, Jerry has been taking comedy classes and performing at clubs in Manhattan, including The Laugh Lounge, The Gotham, Broadway Comedy Club, The Underground (near Columbia), and Comedy Off Broadway in Oakland, Calif. Still, Jerry relies heavily on his degree working as a technical team leader, managing a team of engineers. He is constantly looking for ways to “blend the worlds of nerd and comedian,” like his whimsical take on how to solve a Rubik’s cube blindfolded, which can be seen on YouTube. Winston nelson Ms’53, phd’59

writes, “I don’t have a lot to add about myself for the magazine except that I have survived to be in my 86th orbit of the sun on planet Earth! I have had a great experience both as a graduate student and assistant professor in the Electrical Engineering Department at Columbia, and after that, a very rewarding 37-year career in research at Bell Labs.” Winston has spent the majority of retirement writing about his life experiences, including an article that appeared in the Columbia alumni magazine about his time as a SEAS graduate student.

engIneerIng MAnAgeMenT sYsTeMs daniel Lewis Ms’10 was excited to hear that he has been accepted to Columbia Business School for J-term. The chance to earn a Columbia MBA is a tremendous opportunity for Daniel, his family, his company, and its 250 employees. Daniel is vice president and CFO of Servall, the largest privately held pest control company in Tennessee. He hopes to expand the company’s current operations, while also taking it in “new and truly innovative directions.”

FInAnCIAL engIneerIng Cynthia haidar Ms’10 is happy to announce that her sister, nadine haidar Ms’04, got married on July 6, 2012, in Lebanon. riku sugie Ms’00, MBA’00BUS was named CEO of Shinsei Financial in June. The company operates in the consumer finance industry in Japan as the third biggest player, with 800 full-time employees and another 700 temporary staff and contractors. Riku joined the company in 2006, when it was GE Consumer Finance Japan. After the acquisition by Shinsei Bank in 2008, Riku became the head of the Corporate Planning Office, working to align corporate-wide restructuring activities with KAIZEN initiatives.

IndusTrIAL engIneerIng And operATIons reseArCh Tony hom Ms’87 is a patent and trademark attorney at the international law firm of Ladas & Parry LLP. Prior to that, he was a partner at a firm where he defended the airport security company after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. In the past decade, Tony has also been an assistant D.A. in Brooklyn, a management consultant and engineer in Silicon Valley, and an officer in the U.S. Navy. Joseph oh Ms’97 has launched Blipshift with business partner, sebastian ruta Bs’92, Ms’94 (mechanical engineering). Blipshift sells auto-inspired apparel designed by its own designers or by its global network of automotive and shirt designers one at a time, for only a limited time. The start-up is headquartered in Scarsdale, N.Y.

Transnational Award for his volunteer work in IEEE, primarily for his exemplary service and significant work as editor of Region 8 News (comprised of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa) for the past 10 years. Roland received the award in Berlin in March for fostering collaboration and engagement across the three continents. Originally a New Yorker, Roland moved to London in 1968 for his employer at the time, IBM, and decided to stay. His volunteer work for IEEE has kept him in touch with other engineers while working in the computer business over the years. He enjoys participating in many of the Columbia Alumni Club events organized by alumnus Yiting shen Bs’01, Ms’02 in London. royan (Anthony) Warner Ms’85

is focusing on a new mission to provide foreign-trained engineers with a strategic approach to tackling the North American job market. Warner Levy Strategic Consultants is a firm developed by Anthony’s consulting engineering firm, VIRTUAL Engineers, in order to match engineers to employers. Over the past 15 years, it became obvious to Anthony that many engineers enter the workplace severely unprepared to face the different expectations of future employers. Anthony believes it is important for engineers to understand that the relationships built in interviews and on the jobs are more important than a résumé. James Wiseman Ms’57 writes, “It seems long ago that I left my native England to live in Furnald Hall for classes in 1955 and 1956, and yet when I visited the campus for my 50th Reunion in 2007, it seemed largely unchanged. I still have vivid memories of the summer of 1956. To get around the country for my master’s thesis in management engineering, I delivered cars. My favorite trip was Chicago to L.A. on Route 66.” James had a career that took him to several countries as a management consultant, some for the International Labor Office of the United Nations, which involved establishing National Productivity Centers.

Roland Saam at IEEE award ceremony

roland saam Ms’67 has been retired for 10 years. He was recently awarded the IEEE Larry K. Wilson

columbia engineering | 59


Program Notes MATerIALs sCIenCe engIneerIng

Darren Su with his wife on a trip to France

After graduating, di-shi (darren) su Ms’00 joined TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company) as the process integration engineer in wafer process development. He successfully qualified the first copper line in 0.13um poly/ gate process. Since 2006, Darren has been a manager of foundry execution at LSI Corporation. He now has more than 12 years of experience in the semiconductor field and water fabrication with an emphasis in wafer process/yield improvement, reliability and SPICE evaluations, productbased performance optimization, and customer quality solutions. Darren got married in 2006 and currently lives in HsinChu (northern Taiwan) with his wife, Kris Chen, and their two kids. While completing his MS degree, Kyle Teamey Ms’12 was also running a start-up, Liquid Light. His company is developing a technology for converting carbon dioxide to industrial chemicals. PhD candidate Theodore Kramer Ms’08, Mphil’11 is one of Liquid Light’s employees.

MeChAnICAL engIneerIng vito Agosta phd’59 is now in his 90th year. He is professor emeritus at the now Polytechnic Institute of NYU with dual appointments in mechanical and aerospace engineering between 1951 and 1986. During that period, he founded a rocket laboratory and did both analytical and experimental research on solid and liquid propellant rocket engines for both government agencies and for industry. Vito also founded Propulsion Sciences Incorporation and had a sole source contract with the Applied Physics Laboratory from 1960 to 1978 on the development of the gas dynamic equations

60 | columbia engineering

for two-phase reacting flows. These were applied to the development of a hypersonic vehicle with supersonic combustion. He also worked with JPL and participated in the design and operation of the reaction control engines for the LEM Moon Module. Vito prepared for retirement by studying the combustion of waste and alternate fuels in existing engines and boilers. Recently, FAST System Corp. was formed by some of Vito’s former students at Polytechnic, led by the corporation’s president, Mordechai Schlam, to exploit Vito’s energy patents and patent applications.

In Memoriam FACuLTY

elmer L. gaden Bs’44, Ms’47, phd’49, former professor and chair

Kenneth Chen, with his wife and two sons.

Kenneth Chen Ms’97, Mphil’03, phd’07 worked as a consulting engi-

neer at Syska Hennessy Group in New York City after graduation until June 2011. A month later, Kenneth joined Dell as a datacenter global solution architect. His engineering practice mainly focuses on U.S. and Asia datacenters engineering solutions. Kenneth and his wife, Maggie, married in 2006 and currently live in Brooklyn. They have two sons, Kayden, just over a year old, and Marcus, three months old. rimas gulbinas Ms’11 recently started his PhD studies at Virginia Tech, where he is investigating how peer networks in commercial settings behave when presented with energy consumption information. The goal is to reduce energy consumption at the workplace by influencing behavior and spreading awareness. Alexander potulicki Ms’10

recently moved back to NYC and accepted a position at ConEdison as a systems engineer. Ben spitz Ms’92 recently received his Certified Energy Manager credential from the Association of Energy Engineers.

of Chemical Engineering at Columbia Engineering and an alumnus of the School, died March 10 of congestive heart failure in Charlottesville, Va. Widely known in the field as the “father of biochemical engineering,” Gaden was 88 at the time of his death. Gaden began his research in biochemical engineering at the Engineering School, where he received three degrees in chemical engineering. His groundbreaking dissertation focused on providing the optimal amount of oxygen to allow greater fermentation energy for penicillin mold to grow and multiply more rapidly. This research formed the basis for mass production of a wide range of antibiotics, beginning with penicillin, and it was this work for which Gaden earned in 2009 the prestigious Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize, which was established jointly by the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and Ohio University and is bestowed biennially. Gaden’s interest in harnessing biological processes to produce chemicals led him to publish widely and to found the international research journal Biotechnology and Bioengineering, which he edited for 25 years. “He was the first to develop and organize biotechnology as an engineering practice,” said Professor Sanat Kumar, chair of the Department of Chemical Engineering. “He had a very big presence at the School; he was a big influence on

the department and is the reason why we have an extremely strong biochemical presence.” Kumar met Gaden five years ago when the late professor attended an event at the School to launch a lectureship series in his name. The Elmer L. Gaden Lectureship is hosted by the Chemical Engineering Department and brings to campus leading researchers and scientists as guest speakers each fall. A Brooklyn native, Gaden served in the U.S. Navy during World War II and spent one year as a researcher at Pfizer. The majority of his career, however, was spent in academia. He was a professor at Columbia Engineering for 25 years (from 1949 to 1974), during which time he was a teacher, researcher, and department chair, and founder of the program in biochemical engineering. In 1974, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering. That same year, Gaden was named dean of the College of Engineering, Mathematics and Business Administration at the University of Vermont. In 1979, he joined the engineering faculty at the University of Virginia as the Wills Johnson Professor of Chemical Engineering, where he remained until his retirement in 1994. Gaden received other numerous honors and awards throughout his impressive career. In addition to the Russ Prize, considered by many as the equivalent of the Nobel Prize for engineering, Gaden received the Egleston Medal for distinguished engineering achievement from Columbia in 1986, an honorary doctorate in 1987 from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and, in 1988, the Founders Award from the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He also was honored with Columbia’s Great Teacher Award for outstanding teaching. He is survived by Jennifer, his wife of 48 years, daughter, Barbara, and sons David and Paul. He also is survived by two grandchildren.


In Memoriam

david L. Waltz, director of the Center for Computational Learning Systems (CCLS) at Columbia Engineering and prominent computer scientist, passed away March 22 at a hospital in Princeton, N.J. He was 68. Waltz joined Columbia in 2003 as director of CCLS, an interdisciplinary research center established to focus on leading-edge machine learning and data mining research. CCLS colleague Roger Anderson, a senior research scholar, said he is “terribly saddened for Dave’s passing, and proud to have served under his vision, integrity, and strength of leadership.” Waltz received his PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where his thesis on computer vision originated the field of constraint propagation. According to the story “Early Warning for Seizures” in the Fall 2009 issue of Columbia Engineering News, he is also well known as the originator, along with former colleague Craig Stanfill, of the memory-based reasoning branch of Case-Based Reasoning. Prior to joining Columbia, Waltz was president of the NEC Research Institute in Princeton and from 1984 to 1993 served as director of Advanced Information Systems at Thinking Machines Corporation and as a professor of computer science at Brandeis University. He had also been professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Illinois (CSL and ECE Department) for 11 years. Waltz served as president of AAAI (American Association for Artificial Intelligence) from 1997 to 1999 and was a fellow of AAAI and ACM (Association for Computing Machinery), a senior member of IEEE (Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers), and former chairman of ACM SIGART (Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence). Waltz served on several boards, including the Army Research Lab Tech-

nical Advisory Board and the Advisory Board of the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition, the Technical Advisory Board of 4C (Cork Constraint Computation Center, Ireland), and more recently on external advisory boards for Rutgers University, Carnegie Mellon University, Brown University, and EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne). He was also on the Advisory Board for IEEE Intelligent Systems, the Computing Community Consortium Board of the CRA (Computing Research Association), and NSF Computer Science Advisory Board.

ALuMnI 1932

paul e. Queneau Me’33, ’31CC

died peacefully in Hanover, N.H., on March 31, 2012. He was 101. Paul was a decorated war veteran who fought at Normandy in World War II, held 36 U.S. patents in metallurgical and chemical engineering, earned his doctorate at age 60 from Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, and explored the Perry River region of the Arctic in 1949. Born in Philadelphia, Paul and his family followed his father’s engineering career around the world. After graduating from Columbia Engineering and successfully persevering through the Great Depression, Paul joined International Nickel’s (INCO) alloy plant in Huntington, W.Va. In 1939, he married Joan Hodges. Paul went on to graduate from the Army Engineer School. He was deployed to Europe as part of the Corps of Engineers and spent several years battling from Normandy beachhead to Rhine River. He was awarded the Bronze Star, the Army Commendation Medal, and the ETO Ribbon with five battle stars. In 1945, he returned to the Army Reserve as a lieutenant colonel.

Paul’s career at INCO spanned 35 years; he retired as INCO’s vice president, technical assistant to the president, and assistant to the chairman. During that time, he and Joseph R. Boldt wrote The Winning of Nickel, still considered one of the bibles on nickel recovery and processing. During retirement, Paul earned his doctorate, then joined the faculty of Dartmouth College’s Thayer School of Engineering in 1971, where he taught for the next quarter century. He invented a number of successful industrial processes; his patents focused on extraction of nickel, copper, cobalt, and lead from their ores and concentrates. Paul was elected to the National Academy of Engineering and was a fellow and past president of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). He received an Evans Fellowship from Columbia University and later was awarded Columbia’s Egleston Medal. Both avid lovers of nature, he and wife, Joan, bought a farm near Cornish, N.H., where they spent their free time building ponds, making maple syrup, raising cattle, and living out his boyhood dream of being a farmer. Paul was preceded in death by his loving wife. He was the loving father of Paul B. Queneau and Josie Queneau, and devoted grandparent to six grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. He is survived by his brother and fellow SEAS alumnus, Bernard r. Queneau, who celebrated his 100th birthday this past July.

1936

1943 edward Buyer passed away on February 4, 2012, in Sykesville, Md., at the age of 90. Ed was an accomplished sailor, athlete, and swimmer. He graduated as the valedictorian of New Rochelle High School and flew with the 493rd Bombardment Group, Tenth Air Force, in India and Burma after graduating from Columbia. He received his MS from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn and worked as an electrical engineer who helped pioneer the development of electronic reconnaissance. Ed’s wife, Marilyn, died six years ago. They had three children and seven grandchildren. robert William schubert Ms’48

passed away on January 5, 2012, at the age of 88 at his home in Rye, N.Y. Robert was an engineer, executive, and entrepreneur. He was a World War II veteran, naval commander, and an amateur sailor. Born in the Bronx, Robert was an honors graduate of DeWitt Clinton High School before earning his degrees in mechanical engineering from Columbia. In World War II, Robert was assigned to the LSM-441 of the Pacific Theater. He captained the first non–Red Cross ship into Nagasaki, Japan, after the detonation of the second atomic bomb. He joined Watson Laboratories as a chief mechanical engineer on the Naval ordinance research computer, the fastest computer in existence in 1954. Subsequently, Robert joined IBM, where he built a 30-year career. Robert and his wife Joan married in 1948. They raised three children. In 1985, he married Rita, and they raised one child.

elmer L. Knoedler phd’52, 100,

of Davidson, N.C., died on April 4, 2012. Born in Gloucester, N.J., Elmer was preceded in death in 2003 by his wife, Mabel Dyer Knoedler, whom he married on January 15, 1966. He became a partner and senior field engineer with Shepherd T. Powell and Associates in Baltimore, where he remained until 1982. He was the past member and chairman of the Baltimore American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He was also a life member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Elmer is survived by a stepson, three grandchildren, and seven great-grandchildren.

1945 donal J. Lonergan sr., 87, of Salis-

bury Township, Pa., died peacefully at Lehigh Valley Hospital on March 14, 2012. Donal spent his childhood in the Bronx, where he attended the Bronx High School of Science. He served in the U.S. Navy Seabees. His professional career took him across the nation as a civil engineer for Lehigh Structural Steel. Donal pursued varied interests, including membership in the Metropolitan Opera and working on archeological digs throughout the Middle East. He is survived by his wife of 60 years, Margaret, three

columbia engineering | 61


In Memoriam daughters, three sons, 21 grandchildren, and five great-grandchildren. sheldon e. Isakoff Ms’47, phd’52

passed away on January 29, 2012, at his home in Chadds Ford, Pa. Sheldon spent his professional career at DuPont, rising from research engineer when he was hired in 1951 to director of the engineering research and development division when he retired in 1990. His work at DuPont culminated in many patented developments, including the EFT Dacron and nylon processes, Mylar and Cronar process improvements, and the first Lycra plant in the world. He was a member of the National Academy of Engineering and served as president of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE). He played a significant role in the governance of Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF) for nearly three decades. Sheldon had been an ardent supporter of Columbia Engineering since his student days. In 1996, he established the Sheldon E. Isakoff Scholarship in the School’s Department of Chemical Engineering. He was awarded the Alumni Association’s Egleston Medal for Distinguished Engineering Achievement in 1993.

1950 Wallace K. grubman-graham

passed away in Concord, N.H., on January 6, 2012. Wallace was chair and CEO of National Starch and Chemical Company and subsequently, director of Unilver PLC. In 1998, he established the Wallace K. Grubman-Graham Scholarship to support a SEAS student in chemical engineering. Wallace and his wife of 61 years, Ruth, lived for many years in London and Surrey, England. They most recently lived in Maine. Wallace is survived by his wife, two sons, and five grandchildren. Walter Mitton ’49CC, 88, passed away on February 27, 2012, after a brief illness. With World War II in progress, Walter was drafted into the U.S. Army after attending only one semester at Columbia. He was in action with his unit on the front lines for an extended period, including the Battle of the Bulge. After the war, Walter resumed his studies and then began

62 | columbia engineering

his first engineering job with Curtiss Wright Corp. in aircraft engine design. He continued to study at Columbia part time for his master’s degree in mechanical engineering, where he met and married Virginia Bassford. Walter worked at Convair Astronautics as an engineer in rocket propulsion design. In 1970, he bought a cabinet shop and ran it successfully for more than 20 years. Walter was predeceased by his beloved wife. He is survived by his two children and his sisters.

1951 Klara salamon samuels passed

away on August 23, 2012, after a brief battle with multiple myeloma. Her friend and fellow classmate at SEAS, elna Loscher robbins, writes, “Klara achieved the ultimate revenge on the perpetrators of the Holocaust. She had a productive and happy personal and professional life.” As a young teenager, Klara learned English while incarcerated in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. She prepared for college without going to high school but was admitted to both New York University and Barnard. Klara and Elna transferred to the Engineering School at the same time and were among the first women to graduate from SEAS. Klara enjoyed a long and happy marriage to New York City native Bertram Samuels, who is also deceased. They raised two sons; both went on to become Presidential Scholars. Klara retired after a 30-year career teaching high school chemistry and physics and wrote about her life experience in a book titled God Does Play Dice, published in 1999. She gave many lectures about her life, especially about her experiences during the Holocaust. She will be missed by her family and friends. The Samuels Family created a tribute page for Klara on the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF) website. Charitable donations may be made to MMRF in her honor. Beno sternlicht Ms’54, 84, of

Niskayuna, N.Y., passed away May 6, 2012. Born in Nowy Sacz, Poland, Beno came to Schenectady, N.Y., from Europe in the late 1940s after escaping the Holocaust with $100

in his pocket. Most of Beno’s family did not survive the war. He and his father escaped from Nazi-held Poland, traveling through Russia, Turkey, Palestine, and Iraq before settling in India. He earned a series of degrees, including a bachelor’s in electrical engineering from Union College, and a master’s degree in applied mechanics and a PhD in energy conversion at Columbia. Following his education, he founded several companies. He had been a manager at the General Electric Company, heavily involved in guiding and financing start-up companies, leaving in 1961 to cofound Mechanical Technology Inc. (MTI), which manufactures testing and measuring instruments. Beno retired from MTI’s board of directors in 2005. He also founded Volunteers in Technical Assistance, a nonprofit organization that has provided technological and engineering assistance to developing countries for four decades. He received the Machine Design Award from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1966. He held several patents and was an adviser in the Carter and Reagan administrations and chairman of the NASA Committee on Space Power and Propulsion from 1972 to 1975. He is survived by his wife of 37 years and two sons.

1952 Walter g. Berghahn ’51CC passed

away on February 7, 2012. Born in Yonkers, N.Y., to first-generation immigrant parents from Germany, Walter excelled at every level of schooling, finishing at Columbia. He married his childhood sweetheart, Martha Buckley. Walter worked for General Electric in the 1950s and 1960s, contributing to the Polaris Missile Program as well as the early space program, where he was involved in the production of the first space helmet prototype. In 1967, he joined Bristol Myers, where he attained numerous patents for specialized packaging for pharmaceuticals. Walter retired in 1986. Walter was predeceased by his wife in 2006, and both of his brothers. He is survived by four children and six grandchildren. Clark Loring poland (Ms, Industrial engineering and operations research), 88, died on January 4,

2012, in Charlton, Mass. He grew

up in Oradell, N.J., where he met his wife of 57 years, Harriet Desmond, who died in 2006. His three children and five grandchildren survive him. A veteran of World War II, Clark was a member of an Army mortar platoon in Company D, 387th Infantry Regiment. He achieved the rank of staff sergeant and participated in both the European and Japanese theaters of war. Clark was awarded the Purple Heart and Good Conduct Medals. He had a successful career in manufacturing, including many years at General Food Corp. and The American Can Co. In retirement, he ran his own company as a distributor of Danish papermaking machinery.

1957 david e. Boyer ’56CC of West Caldwell, N.J., died peacefully on July 8, 2012. He was 78. Dave was employed by Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation for 42 years as a civil engineer and as a project manager. He served as a member of the Caldwell– West Caldwell Board of Education and the West Caldwell Planning Board. David was ordained as an elder in the Presbyterian Church when he was 20 years old. For many years, he attended the Caldwell United Methodist Church, where he was a member of the choir. He is survived by his wife of 48 years, Doreen, four children, and three grandchildren.

1962 Frank J. Affinito, a longtime resident

of Ridgefield, Conn., died on June 2, 2012, after a long illness. Born in the Bronx, Frank enlisted and proudly served in the U.S. Navy from 1952 to 1956. After receiving his degree from Columbia, Frank earned a master’s degree in electrical engineering from the University of Connecticut. Frank was employed by the Dunlap Corporation and then worked at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center. Among his many professional achievements, he was involved in critical patent work regarding the computer “mouse” in the mid- to late-1980s. He is survived by two sons. His wife of 32 years, Marion Maass, died in 1991.


In Memoriam 1968 uriel domb (Ms, operations research) passed away at his home

on March 12, 2012. Uriel was the beloved husband of Elizabeth; father of Sharon Domb and Stephen Manly, and Ilana, Gabrielle, Arielle, and Michael Domb. He was the special “saba” to Jordyn and Eden Manly and brother to Daniel Domb.

1979 William d. Kennedy (Ms, Mechanical engineering) died peacefully at

Princeton Medical Center on June 23, 2012, at the age of 69. During a 46year career with Parsons Brinckerhoff, William, a vice president and senior engineering manager, participated in the development of tunnel ventilation systems for public transit systems around the world. William and a small group of colleagues were part of a joint venture team that developed the Subway Environmental Design Handbook under contract to the U.S. Department of Transportation in the early 1970s. As part of that project, William led the development of the Subway Environment Simulation (SES) software program. In the 1980s, William and his colleagues developed the concept of platform screen doors for the Singapore mass rapid transit system that prevented heat from the subway tunnels from entering station platforms. In the 1990s, William contributed to the development of SOLVENT, a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) fireventilation program for road tunnels. Most recently, William contributed to the development of ventilation systems for projects such as the extension of the No. 7 subway line in New York, the Purple Line subway in Los Angeles, the Delhi Metro, and rail and road tunnels in Istanbul. William had been a member of the advisory board to the Columbia University Department of Mechanical Engineering since 2007. He is survived by his parents, his wife, Patricia, two daughters, and four grandchildren.

1980 Michael (Mick) Lawler Ms’81, 55,

of Gouverneur, N.Y., passed away on July 16, 2012. Michael graduated in

1975 from East Syracuse Minoa High School, where he played football and lacrosse. While a student at Columbia, he was a defensive lineman on the football team and played in the first college football game played in the New York Giants Meadowland Stadium. He went on to earn an MBA from Clarkson University in 1985. In 1981, Michael and his wife, Gale, moved to Gouverneur, N.Y., where he was the assistant mine superintendent of the St. Joe Minerals zinc mine in Balmat, eventually becoming president and CEO. He traveled all over the world on business and was often asked to speak at conferences and meetings related to the mining industry. Michael is survived by his wife, two children, six siblings, and several nephews and nieces.

2002 peng Wang Ms’02, Mphil’04, phd’04, 36, died in a car accident on

February 6, 2012, on his way to work in Rhode Island. Peng was assistant professor of chemical engineering and pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Rhode Island (URI). He worked as part of a research group that focuses on the thermodynamics of mixing mechanisms of polymer drug mixtures. A promising young researcher, Peng worked with Columbia Engineering Professor Jeffrey Koberstein on the modification of polymer surfaces while at Columbia, and following a brief stint in industry, was a postdoctoral associate at both the University of Michigan and the New Jersey Institute of Technology. He is survived by his wife, Ran Luo, and their daughter, Carolyn.

oTher deAThs reporTed We also have learned of the passing of the following alumni, faculty, and friends of the School: Jeane R. Clark MS’32 Francis J. McAdam BS’36 Robert V. Close BS’37, PhD’38 Bertram Coren BS’38, PhD’39, ’37CC Richard F. Marzari BS’40, ’39CC Dante Bove BS’42, ’41CC Leon N. Canick BS’42, MS’47

Richard Y. LeVine BS’42, PhD’43 Stanley A. Balter BS’43, MS’59 Roland A. Kozlik BS’43, ’43CC Robert J. Ullmer BS’46 John Kazan BS’47 Norman K. Trozzi BS’47, MS’48 Isak Arditi MS’48 Harold A. Golle BS’48, MS’49 Eric Jenett BS’48, MS’49, ’45CC Ken Knoernschild BS’48 Harrison B. Rhodes BS’48, MS’50, EngScD’60 Calvin H. Soldan BS’48, MS’49 Robert Schrage BS’48, MS’48, PhD’50, ’46CC Howard J. Baker BS’49, ’49CC William Beauchemin BS’49 John M. French MS’49 Stanley L. Johnson BS’49, ’48CC, ’55GSAS Charles A. Kroetz BS’49 Elmo Miller BS’49 Raymond C. Daley MS’50 Harry L. Davis BS’50 Jay C. Fernandes BS’50, ’CC49 Walter R. Meth BS’50 Emil J. Schonheinz BS’50 Hugo Landerer MS’51 James T. McQueen MS’52 Marius Charlet BS’53 Ludomir T. Lazarz BS’54 Alan P. Lowenstern BS’54 Guido A. Moglia MS’54 Eugene N. Montelone MS’54 George J. Pastor BS’55 John J. Gaffney MS’56 Thomas M. Kiely MS’56 Francis H. Sullivan MS’56 Lester N. Trachtman BS’56, ’55CC Daniel P. Bennett MS’57 Thomas Bergel BS’57 Alberto Calderaro MS’57 Houchang Handjani MS’57 Robert Podell BS’57 Roderick A. Maclennan BS’58, ’57CC Alfred Weiss MS’59 Richard Will MS’59, ’66GSAS Walter H. Bridges BS’60 Enno Koehn MS’60 James McDonagh MS’61 Charles E. O’Neill PhD’61 Edwin H. Taylor MS’61 Eugene S. Rocks MS’62 Robert E. Weiblen MS’62 Michael E. Zelkin BS’62 John F. Walsh MS’63 Frank J. Lupo PhD’64 Jim H. Harris MS’65 Richard R. Fyfe MS’66, EngScD’69 Jay C. Jeffes BS’67 Richard Lucek PhD’68 Robert Zincone MS’68 Kevin J. Brady EngScD’70

Wayne H. Stayton BS’70 Piara L. Qusba MS’71 Michael Vorkas BS’71 Marcel Didier Paul Desbois BS’80, MS’81, ’77CC Stephen S. Moss BS’81, MS’85 Dumitru Nicolici MS’81 William J. Devlin MPhil’82, PhD’86, ’81GSAS Chun-Sheng Li MS’91, MBA’92BUS Ercan Alemdar BS’02 Jacquelin L. Craig, friend Huston Ellis Mount, friend

columbia engineering | 63


We hAve LIFToFF!

Top row, left to right: Interim Dean Goldfarb dons beanie; first-years in Havemeyer Hall; bottom row, left to right: Mary Byers ’13; Mike Massimino BS’84, via Skype

W

hat could be more inspiring to a first-year engineering student than receiving advice directly from a full-fledged NASA astronaut? That’s the treat first-years were in for when Michael Massimino BS’84, via Skype, addressed them during their first orientation session on August 28 in Havemeyer Hall. More than 300 members of the Class of 2016 listened intently as Massimino shared funny childhood anecdotes about his dream to one day become an astronaut. He even showed a photo of himself from one Halloween as a kid dressed in a homemade astronaut costume (revamped by his mom from an old elephant costume). Massimino’s road to NASA had its fair share of challenges including struggling, at times, with his course load at SEAS and later, receiving three rejection letters from NASA before

64 | columbia engineering

being selected. To the entering class he said, “Always try to maintain a positive attitude. Whenever it gets difficult, don’t get discouraged. Fight through it and remember, there are plenty of people here who will help you at Columbia.” Senior Mary Byers also shared a few words of wisdom. As someone who started off with an interest in mechanical engineering, but ultimately chose industrial engineering and operations research as a major, Byers encouraged her peers to take the opportunity to explore various fields, be open, and “find something to be crazy about.” The program kicked off with a message from Interim Dean Donald Goldfarb, who also talked briefly about his own career trajectory and his varied background in chemical engineering, computer science,

and industrial engineering and operations research. Dean Goldfarb urged students to make connections and to network with upperclassmen to get a better sense of the different courses and fields of study the School has to offer. David Vallancourt, a senior lecturer in Electrical Engineering and an alumnus of the School, echoed this point and also stressed that college isn’t a race. “You are here to learn,” he said, and “be present.” At the end of his official welcome and as a tradition, Dean Goldfarb led the new students in donning what are called the “first-year beanies.” In a centuries-old tradition, students wore the blue beanies as a symbol of their distinctive position on campus as first-years.


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