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1ST half 2012 | INDUSTRIAL


Industrial Estate Market REPORT Industrial Estate Market highlights Thailand’s industrial estates are recovering from the floods of 2011, with demand for and supply of industrial space up in the first half of 2012, along with occupancy rates and prices, compared to the last six months of 2011. The floods last year were the latest in a series of crises to hit the sector. Foreign investment was badly hit by the 2008 global financial downturn, and was not helped by political upheaval including the airport blockade in 2008 and protests in 2010. market indicators H2 2011 - H1 2012 Supply

By the end of the first half of this year, around 60% of factories affected by the 2011 floods had resumed operation, and take-up of industrial estates in every zone has increased compared to the last six months of 2011.

demand PRICE occupancy

The Eastern Seaboard, which was relatively unaffected by flooding, has seen the greatest take-up this year and is the dominant area for Thailand’s industrial estate activity, both for new investors and for those looking to move operations away from central areas, which were worst affected by the floods.

Japan remains by far the largest foreign investor in Thailand, with Japanese investments during the first half of 2012 more than equalling the total investment of all other countries during the period 2008-2010.

Conversion Table

The Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (IEAT) is focusing more and more on Thailand’s border provinces, such as Kanchanaburi and Chiang Rai, which stand to benefit both from increasing trade with Myanmar and from the ASEAN Economic Community planned for 2015.

1 rai = 1,600 sq m 1 hectare = 6.25 rai 1 acre = 2.53 rai 1 rai = 400 sq wah

The total supply of industrial estates in the first half of 2012 was around 128, 450 rai.

industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012 Supply Historical Supply – SILPs, H1 2012

Source: Colliers International Thailand Research

Approximately 2,590 rai were added in the first half of 2012 with the total supply of SILPs increasing to nearly128,450 rai. All industrial estates in the flood area postponed their expansion plans and are waiting

for their barriers to be completed, so new additional supply in the first half of 2012 was in the Eastern area only.

Supply by Location, H1 2012

Source: Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand, Board of Investment (BOI) and Colliers International Thailand Research

The total supply in the first half of 2012 was around 128,450 rai. The Eastern Seaboard and Central areas account for more than 95% of the total supply. More than 82,000 rai or approximately 64% was in the Eastern Seaboard area and this continues to increase, especially after the floods in the Central area in the fourth quarter of 2011. In addition, some industrial estates are planned for development in the Southern Seaboard area.


Many industrial estate developers were planning to develop many new industrial estates and expand their current industrial estates, especially in non-flood areas, such as Chonburi, Rayong, Prachinburi and some neighbouring provinces.

industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012 Future Supply Scheduled to be Completed in the Future, H1 2012

Source: Colliers International Thailand Research

A total area of around 59,300 rai, has received approval from the IEAT and/or Board of Investment to be developed as SILPs. This land will be developed gradually in phases but it is not known when it will be available for sale or rent. The Eastern Seaboard area shows the largest expected increase with a total of more than 24,200 rai followed by the Southern Seaboard with approximately 21,300 rai.

them have begun studies already and decisions should be made this year for the actual location and total land area. The IEAT is focusing more on the neighbouring provinces around the border of Thailand, such as Kanchanaburi to support the Dawei project and Chiang Rai province to support import and export to China via theR3A road and to Laos via the new friendship bridge.

The Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (IEAT) also plans to develop new industrial estates in many provinces around Thailand. Some of


industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012 DEMAND Average Take-up Rate from 2009 - H1 2012 by Location

Source: Colliers International Thailand Research

The take-up rate in every zone increased in 2011, even in the floodaffected Central area, due to increased demand in the first half of the

year. Some investors from flooded areas are planning to move to the Eastern Seaboard Area or other locations in 2012.

Demand Drivers Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by Year, H1 2012

Source: Board of Investment (BOI) and Colliers International Thailand Research

The global economic downturn severely curtailed industrial foreign investment in Thailand and this was not helped by the airport blockade


at the end of 2008 and political protests in 2010. The level of investment has picked up but still remains weak compared to pre-crisis levels.

industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012

FDI by Selected Countries, H1 2012

Source: Bank of Thailand and Colliers International Thailand Research

The Japanese remain by far the biggest foreign investors in Thailand. The level of Japanese investment in the first half of 2012 has already

more than equalled the total investment from other foreign countries during the period 2008 - 2010.

Investment by Board of Investment (BOI) Zone BOI Certificates Issued H1 2012 by Investment

Source: Board of Investment and Colliers International Thailand Research

The BOI divides Thailand into three zones based on the level of economic development. The zones provide the basis for the various incentives given to investors, with the poorer zones offering longer tax breaks, for example. Zone 1 consists of Bangkok and the neighbouring provinces; Zone 2 is where most of the industrial estates are located and includes Chonburi, Rayong and Ayutthaya; Zone 3 covers the poorer provinces and is further subdivided according to the level of development.

Zone 3. However, in the first half of2012 investment dramatically increased compared to the second half of last year, with Zone 1 and Zone 3investment increasing by around 244% and 123% respectively from the second half of 2011. In addition, total investment value so far in 2012 is also more than in the first half of 2011, before that year’s floods.

While Zone 2 commands the lion’s share of investment it is interesting to note the paucity of outlay being provided to the poorest 22 provinces of


industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012

Manufacturing Production Index from 2008 - H1 2012 by Quarter

Source: Bank of Thailand and Colliers International Thailand Research

The Manufacturing Production Index indicates the volume of production and the general health of the industry. Overall, the situation has been one of recovery from the floods in Q4 2011, although it is still lower than the

past one to two years, due to many factories just restarting their operations again after the floods and some factories being shut down.

New Factories Permitted from January 2011- June 2012

Source: Department of Industrial Works and Colliers International Thailand Research

The minimum wage of THB300 per day has had a big impact on SME industry in Thailand, so the number of new factories permitted decreased in April by more than 15% from March and continues to fall. In addition,


some new investors are still concerned about the floods and are waiting to see the situation this year before make a decision.

industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012

Proportion of Investors in Industrial Estates H1 2012 by Approved Registered Capital

Source: Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand and Colliers International Thailand Research

The Japanese remain the largest investors in Thailand with approximately 50% of the total, followed by East Asian countries with 12%. While Europe, North America and ASEAN have some share, other parts of the world have very limited manufacturing facilities here.

From January to June 2012, Japanese investors received promotion certificates for a total of 291 projects from the BOI with a total value of THB106.3 billion, representing around 62% of total foreign investment in the first six months of 2012.


industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012 Land Prices, H1 2012 BOI Certificates issued H1 2011 by investment

Source: Colliers International Thailand Research

The selling price of land in industrial estates or industrial parks is based on factors such as location, proximity to transport facilities, infrastructure and a supplier base Bangkok commands the highest land prices as it is a centre of transport which includes the sea ports and international airport. Second and third are Chonburi province and Chachoeng Sao province, respectively. The wide variation of prices in Chonburi and Chachoeng Sao provinces is due to a number of industrial estates being


located close to Bangkok while others, mostly pulp and paper manufacturers, is located further away from the capital. Provinces such as Prachinburi and Saraburi have much cheaper land prices due to their locations far from Bangkok or port facilities. However, after the floods in the North Central areas of Thailand land prices rose in the Eastern industrial estates by around THB500,000 per rai.

industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012 FORECASt After the floods last year, industrial estate developers in flooded areas were looking for new development locations for their industrial estates outside the flood area. In addition, some factories also moved to other provinces, especially the Eastern Seaboard area, although the Board of Investment (BOI) was offering more incentives for new investment projects in Ayutthaya and Pathumthani provinces and to existing investors who were affected by the floods.

The Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (IEAT) is planning to develop new industrial estates in the neighbouring provinces to support the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015, especially in Kanchanaburi, Chiang Rai, Udon Thani, Tak and Nakorn Panom provinces. All industrial estates in the border provinces are scheduled to be completed in next few years. A lot of new investors are focusing on provinces along the border of Thailand, due to their need to export to neighbouring countries and take advantage of the additional incentives that will follow the AEC in 2015.

The Eastern Seaboard area is more popular after the floods and a lot of new investors have focused on this area. Many new industrial estates are planned for development in the area over the next few years; in addition, existing industrial estates are also expanding or are looking for new areas to support growing demand from Central Thailand and new investors.


industrial estate Market REPORT | FIRST HALF 2012 APPENDIX Industrial Zoning Colliers International Thailand has split the industrial estate market in Thailand into five main zones. These are: Eastern Seaboard Area – This is the industrial powerhouse due to its location near Thailand’s main container port, Laem Chabang, and its proximity to Bangkok. Further growth has come about due to suppliers clustering around large manufacturers. This area covers Chonburi, Rayong, Chachoeng Sao and Prachinburi provinces. North Eastern Area – The remoteness of this area and poor transport means that the area has a minor share of industrial activity. The border with Cambodia and Laos (leading to Vietnam) could provide some potential for the future. This area covers Nakorn Ratchasima and Khon Kaen provinces. Northern Area – Limited industrial activity has taken place here so far due to its remote location, its predominantly agricultural environment, and its unfavourable topography. Its proximity to China has potential as trade between the two countries increases. This area covers Lamphun, Phichit, Chiang Rai and Chiang Mai provinces.


Central Area – Another key industrial area due to its proximity to Bangkok and suitability as a distribution centre. This area covers Bangkok, Ayutthaya, Pathumthani, Ratchaburi, Samut Sakorn, Samut Prakarn, Saraburi, Singburi and Nakornpathom provinces. Western Area – The new area for industrial estate development in Thailand. The Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (IEAT)is planning the development of industrial estates to support the Dawei Industrial Estate and the deep sea port in Myanmar. This area covers Kanchanaburi province. Southern Seaboard Area – An underdeveloped industrial area catering mainly to the Malaysian market, with halal food produce as well as heavy industrial projects based on oil and frozen seafood products. This area covers Phetchaburi, Prachuabkirikhan, Chumporn, Nakorn Srithammarat, Songkhla and Pattani provinces. This report is concerned predominantly with Service Industrial Land Plots (SILPs) but it must be stated that a considerable number of standalone factories exist outside the industrial estates.

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Thailand Industrial Estate Marketing Report Half Year 2012  

Thailand’s industrial estates are recovering from the floods of 2011, with demand for and supply of industrial space up in the first half of...