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The Colgate Maroon-News The Oldest College Weekly in America

INSIDE:

Founded 1868

SPW Schedule of Events A-3

Volume CLI, Issue 21

Abandon the Two-Party System B-1

April 11, 2019 TIA Shark Tank C-1

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Leon Panetta Discusses Integrity in Public Service, Political Climate As part of the Kerschner Family Global Leaders Series at Colgate, former U.S. Secretary of Defense and founder of the Panetta Institute for Public Policy Leon Panetta addressed the Colgate community on Friday, April 5. By Hanna Murphy Maroon-News Staff

Colgate continued their yearlong Bicentennial Celebration this past Friday night by welcoming former U.S. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta to campus. Panetta’s talk headlined a weekend-long celebration of Colgate leadership. President Casey introduced Panetta’s talk by thanking the Global Leaders Series, an initiative started in 2007, for bringing Panetta to campus. Casey then introduced Assistant Professor of Political Science Danielle Lupton, who detailed Panet-

ta’s extensive list of credentials and experiences. Some of Panetta’s most standout titles include Chief of Staff under the Clinton Administration, U.S. Secretary of Defense, Director of the CIA, eighttime reelected member to the US House of Representatives for California’s 20th district and recent cofounder of the Panetta Institute for Public Policy. He has spent 50 years committed to public service, and served in the military from 1964 to 1966. Panetta first engaged the audience with his knowledge of Colgate tradition, claiming that he had never heard of a place

LEADERSHIP WEEKEND KEYNOTE: Former U.S. Secretary of Defense and Chief of Staff under the Clinton Administration Leon Panetta speaks to the Colgate community in the Chapel. @colgateuniv

that glorifies the number 13 for luck but that Colgate’s recent performance in the NCAA Basketball tournament proves that our commitment to the number 13 is evidently beneficial. Panetta then made a connection between Colgate’s

core values and the values that have remained integral to his career in public service. “I pride Colgate for your emphasis on honesty, your ability to listen and read well, to think critically and creatively, ask challenging questions,

gather information, take stands for your beliefs, to take accountability for your actions, focus on ethical behavior, respect for diversity of life and continual growth in knowledge and wisdom,” Panetta said. Continued on A2

Colgate Model Arab League Receives Outstanding Delegation Awards at National Conference By Jake Gomez Maroon-News Staff

This past weekend, the Colgate Model Arab League (CMAL) participated in the internationallyrecognized National University Model Arab League Conference (NUMAL), located in Washington D.C., for the first time in the club’s history. At Sunday’s closing ceremonies, sophomores Jake Gomez, Leila Ismaio, Melissa Verbeek and first-year Michael McDowell received outstanding delegate awards; the highest award an individual delegation can receive at the conference. The National University Conference is one of five international conferences and one of 15 domestic conferences held by the National Council on U.S. Arab Relations as part of an international competiton circuit known as the Model Arab League (MAL). At a standard MAL conference, every attending university simulates the role of one of the 22 nations that make up the political body known as the Arab League—similar to the format of Model United Nations.

Undergraduate and graduate students alike attend MAL conferences. At this year’s NUMAL tournament, Colgate University represented the delegation of Kuwait. Students on a delegation are split among topic-specific councils that debate issues relevant to modern Arab states. Some of these councils include the Council of Palestinian Affairs, the Special Council of Women and Children, the Council on Political Affairs, the Council of Environmental Affairs and the Joint Defense Council. A maximum of two students from each university delegation may represent their assigned country on each council. The Colgate Model Arab League sophomore team only launched in the Spring of 2018, but has received awards at every conference attended thus far. Last fall, the Colgate delegation won the distinguished delegate awards at a regional conference at Northeastern University in Boston. According to the National Council on U.S. and Arab Relations—an American non-profit, educational NGO that is dedicated to educating Americans regarding the Middle East

and North Africa region—the Model Arab League seeks to “provide primarily American but also Arab and other international students opportunities to develop invaluable leadership skills,” and “to learn firsthand what it is like to put themselves in the shoes of real-life Arab diplomats and other foreign affairs practitioners.” Verbeek said that though this is her first time participating in a competition of this sort, she grew from the experience. “This is our first time going to nationals, and we performed really well. This is my first year ever doing a debate-esque activity, and I had so much fun and learned a lot,” she said. Sophomore Kendya Kennedy, a Spanish and International Relations double concentrator, also enjoyed the conference despite not being involved in either the Arabic or MIST program. “I definitely enjoyed the experience. People should not focus on how niche a club is. I do not speak Arabic, nor do I study the Middle East, but I saw one aspect—one of diplomacy—that I really was interested by. This was a great opportu-

nity to develop my critical speaking and diplomatic skills,” she said. “You should try new clubs that are outside your comfort zone, especially if you see it as something that your friends are very passionate about.”

More information about Colgate Model Arab League can be found on the club’s GetInvolved page. Contact Jake Gomez at jgomez@colgate.edu

OUT AND ABOUT: The Colgate Model Arab League competed this weekend in Washington, D.C. Jake Gomez


News

A-2

April 11, 2019

The Colgate Maroon-News

THE BLOTTER COLGATE UNIVERSITY CAMPUS SAFETY REPORT Monday, 4/1

Tuesday, 4/2

10:43 a.m.: A staff member reported losing a key. 11:21 a.m.: Residents of 100 Broad Street were found in possession of marijuana, drug paraphernalia, candles, incense and had covered a smoke detector. Case referred for disciplinary action. 11:34 a.m.: Residents of 100 Broad Street were found in possession of candles. Case referred for disciplinary action. 12:00 p.m.: Received a confidential report of disorderly conduct. Case referred for disciplinary action. 2:40 p.m.: Residents of 104 Broad Street were found in possession of marijuana and drug paraphernalia. Case referred for disciplinary action. 8:33 p.m.: Fire alarm at the new (east) residence hall was caused by a condensation pump malfunction. 8:59 p.m.: Fire alarm at the Townhouse Apartments was caused by cooking. 9:38 p.m.: Received a report of a suspicious person trespassing at Class of ’65 Arena.

7:50 a.m.: Campus Safety was assisted by the Hamilton Police and the Madison County Sheriff’s Department with a suspicious person at 14 Utica Street. 12:48 p.m.: Fire alarm at Parker Apartments was caused by cooking. 1:00 p.m.: A student was disorderly and driving recklessly at 88 Hamilton Street. Case referred for disciplinary action. 3:17 p.m.: A staff member reported finding drug paraphernalia at Gate House on 3/29/2019. Case referred for disciplinary action.

Wednesday, 4/3 6:45 p.m.: Fire alarm at Parker Apartments was caused by cooking.

Thursday, 4/4 12:07 a.m.: A student was injured after being bumped into by another at 88 Broad Street and was transported to Community Memorial Hospital by Campus Safety.

1:00 a.m.: Received a report of an underage intoxicated student at 76 Broad Street who was transported to Community Memorial Hospital by SOMAC ambulance. Case referred for disciplinary action. 2:07 a.m.: Underage residents of West Hall were found in possession of alcohol. Case referred for disciplinary action. 8:09 p.m.: Received a report a staff member at Frank Dining Hall was injured after passing out and was transported to Community Memorial Hospital by SOMAC ambulance.

Friday, 4/5 3:26 a.m.: Students outside of Parke House were found in possession of marijuana. Case referred for disciplinary action. 11:05 a.m.: A resident of 114 Broad Street was found in possession of candles and stolen property. Case referred for disciplinary action. 11:18 a.m.: A resident of 114 Broad Street was found in possession of marijuana and had been

smoking in a residence hall. Case referred for disciplinary action. 11:55 a.m.: A resident of 114 Broad Street was found to have covered a smoke detector. Case referred for disciplinary action. 3:24 p.m.: A staff member reported unknown individual discharged a fire extinguisher at 104 Broad Street with no legitimate reason to do so. 8:29 p.m.: Fire alarm at East Hall; cause unknown. 11:28 p.m.: An underage resident of Cobb House was found in possession of hard liquor and had been playing beer pong. Case referred for disciplinary action.

Saturday, 4/6 12:53 a.m.: Received a report of an underage intoxicated student at J.C. Colgate Hall who was transported to Community Memorial Hospital by SOMAC ambulance. Case referred for disciplinary action.

3:50 a.m.: A student was found in possession of a fraudulent driver’s license at facilities. Case referred for disciplinary action. 3:24 p.m.: Received a report a vehicle was damaged while parked at 66 Broad Street.

Sunday, 4/7 6:15 a.m.: A Chartwell’s staff member failed to comply with a campus safety officer after being asked to move his vehicle from the Alumni parking lot. Case referred for disciplinary action. 12:23 p.m.: Fire alarm at 88 Broad Street was caused by the spraying of an air freshener. 12:27 p.m.: A resident of 88 Broad Street was found in possession of marijuana and drug paraphernalia. Case referred for disciplinary action. 12:34 p.m.: A resident of 88 Broad Street was found in possession of a candle. Case referred for disciplinary action.

Sultan Sooud Al Qassemi Engages Audience in Discussion of Middle Eastern Art By Emily Rahhal News Editor

Visiting lecturer Sultan Sooud Al Qassemi discussed and analyzed Middle Eastern Art during a lecture on Wednesday, April 3 and an intimate breakfast with students on Thursday, April 4. In 2010, Al Qassemi founded the Barjeel Art Foundation, an independent art initiative that works to democratize access to and representation in Middle Eastern art. His private but publicly accessible collection in the United Arab Emirates represents artists who are often overlooked, such as women and minorities. In his talk at Golden Auditorium, Al Qassemi presented dozens of works of Middle Eastern art, using them to teach about political movements in the Middle East. He also worked to engage audience members, asking for both historical knowledge and analytical observations about the art to progress the lecture.

Sophomore Georgie von Furth said Al Qassemi’s perspective provided a fresh take on what she studies at Colgate. “I found his fast-paced lecture to be a fascinating display of how art and politics in the Middle East are in a constant conversation with each other. Given [AlQassemi’s] background, the topics he chose, including criticisms of the GCC [Gulf Cooperation Council], were made all the more interesting,” von Furth said. Al Qassemi discussed the global outrage at the 1937 “degenerate art” exhibition in Munich designed to diminish art movements like Dada and Cubism in favor of high German art. What resulted was a global display in defense of artistic freedom and representation, including a surrealist movement in Cairo called the Art and Liberty Group. In a region with low political freedom, groups like the Art and Liberty Group served as pseudoparties, allowing intellectuals to freely organize and discuss their

work and political ideals. In this way, art created a space for the intellectual elite to mobilize. Al Qassemi also dined with students in Visiting Assistant Professor Amanda Rogers’ Art and Politics in the Middle East class at the Colgate Inn. First-year Ellie Lawrence attended both the lecture and the breakfast with Al Qassemi. “I loved having the opportunity to sort of ponder all the art and information we took in during Al Qassemi’s talk, and then the next morning being able to go to breakfast with him and discuss the little things we found particularly interesting or wanted to know more about,” Lawrence said. “Sultan was so energized and excited about the art and that really came through in his talk, so to be able to hear more of his own thoughts and ideas at breakfast was incredible.” Contact Emily Rahhal at erahhal@colgate.edu

ON THE POLITICS OF ART: Sultan Sooud Al Qassemi visited Colgate from Yale University to discuss how politics and art interact in the Middle East. The National


The Colgate Maroon-News

April 11, 2019

Leon Panetta Discusses Leadership, Global Tensions Continued from A1 These values framed the rest of the talk, as Panetta shared anecdotal experiences that demonstrated their importance to his own life and in Washington. Panetta also shared his own personal opinion on the current political climate. He said that he believes that we are living in “the midst of threats” in regards to fake news, security concerns, economic consternation and a general air of interpersonal hostility. “I am unsure if we should dismiss this chaos as ‘politics of the day’ or worry if this will undermine our democracy,” Panetta said. “I believe that the U.S. could go in one of two directions, one path could be America in Renaissance in the 21st century or America in decline.” Panetta described both of these outcomes, glorifying the traits that have allowed for American success in the past while suggesting that an “America in decline” is one marked by constant chaos, crisis, political gridlock, division by hate, fear and prejudice and a failure to

protect basic freedoms, security and the economy. In addition, Panetta expressed concern about America’s role in modern day global contentions. He specifically cited terrorism, North Korean summits, Russian cyber warfare, China’s growing military strength and Venezuelan political violence as some of the most imminent threats facing the U.S. today. Despite these harrowing images, Panetta offered the hope that with the correct leadership, one that acts on the offensive as opposed to the defensive against crisis, he has faith that we can reclaim a utopic America in the future. Panetta concluded his speech with all the things he believes will make America successful. He belabored the critical necessity of education, taking risks and caring for one another. He credits education as one of, if not the most important keystone to upholding democracy in our nation. “I believe in the importance of education. Education is what fulfils the promise. It makes equality and opportunity possible in the

U.S. Education is what allows us to understand the world around us and is what gives us a chance at meaningful life,” Panetta said. The final message Panetta left the audience with was one that glorified the American public for their spirit of caring, something that he has witnessed firsthand throughout his career. “Survive everyday because we care about one another,” Panetta said. Panetta said he saw this when he served as Secretary of Defense, describing the overwhelming emotion experienced when looking in the eyes of Navy Seals who were deployed with the mission of finding and killing Osama Bin Laden. Panetta closed by crediting the strength of America. He said he believes that our historical ability to recover following tragedy and to rise to the occasion represents a spirit and resilience specific to this country that will propel us into the next decade. Contact Hanna Murphy at hmurphy@colgate.edu

Spring Party Weekend Events Preview Friday, 5-7 p.m., Hall of Presidents Kickoff BBQ and Ice Cream Colgate Panhellenic Council and Student Government Association Friday, 7-9 p.m., Parker Commons The Mat presents: The Wrecks Concert Friday, 9-11 p.m., 92 Broad St. Parking Lot KREAM Concert Phi Kappa Tau, Blue Diamond Society and Brothers Friday, 10 p.m.-2 a.m., Corner of Broad St. & College St. Food Truck Sarita’s Empanadas Friday, 11 p.m.-2 a.m., 100 Broad St. DJ San One Latin American Student Organization Saturday, 11 a.m.-1 p.m., Various Locations SPW Brunch Residential Commons Saturday, 2-4 p.m., Sanford Field House SPW Carnival The Network and the Community Leader staff Saturday, 2-4 p.m., 72 Broad St. Parking Lot Food Trucks Gamma Phi Beta Saturday, 7-9 p.m., Parker Commons The Mat presents: Lost Boys Concert Student Committee on Providing Entertainment Saturday, 9:30 p.m.-12 a.m., Hall of Presidents Dreezy Concert Black Student Union, Sisters of the Round Table and Organization of Asian Sisters in Solidarity

News A-3

Konosioni Senior Honor Society Hosts Charity Auction By Emily Rahhal Maroon-News Staff

Konosioni auctioned Colgate merchandise, collectible items and services during their 22nd annual Senior Charity Auction to benefit refugee and immigrant nonprofit organizations on Friday, April 5. Konosioni chose to work with local organizations including the Mohawk Valley Resource Center, Somali Bantu Association, New York Immigrant Coalition and Caz Welcomes Refugees as refugee and immigrant outreach was a main focus for the senior Konosioni class. The highest priced item auctioned was a pearl bracelet from Tiffany & Co. which sold for $540. Also auctioned was a week-long parking pass up the hill, which sold for $120, a custom hand-designed Colgate jacket, which sold for $70 and a Drake skysuite for guest

housing during Commencement weekend, which sold for $175. The event invited dressy attire and took place in the Hall of Presidents. Junior Glynnis Harvey said part of the fun was knowing the money would make a difference. “There were really fun auction items including a week long parking pass to park up the hill, which many students vied for. It was great to see so many people bid on items and money raised go to a great cause,” Harvey said. The auction was part of Konosioni’s annual “spring campaign.” The campaign also featured a lecture about immigrant and refugee communities on March 19, and will include a fundraising concert on April 5 and a supply drive April 22. The supplies raised at the drive will benefit the Somali Bantu Association. Contact Emily Rahhal at erahhal@colgate.edu


Commentary

B-1

April 11, 2019

The Colgate Maroon-News VOLUME CLI, ISSUE XXI • APRIL , 

Karrie Spychalski • Mara Stein EDITORS-IN-CHIEF Julia Klein

EXECUTIVE EDITOR

Reyna LaRiccia

MANAGING EDITOR

Stacy Silnik COPY EDITOR

Gaby Bianchi

MULTIMEDIA MANAGER

Matt Gentile

BUSINESS MANAGER/SENIOR SPORTS MANAGER

Jazmin Pavon

SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

Emily Rahhal & Celine Turkyilmaz NEWS EDITORS

Kate Hinsche

COMMENTARY EDITOR

Lauren Hutton

ARTS & FEATURES EDITOR

Gideon Hamot

COLGATE SPORTS EDITOR

Ethan Marchetti NATIONAL SPORTS EDITOR

Caylea Barone • Teddy Campbell • Jace DeMar Glynnis Harvey • Justine Hu • Alena Maiolo Jared Rosen • Attabelle Wasniewski • Abby Waxler ASSISTANT EDITORS

The Colgate Maroon-News James C. Colgate Hall Colgate University 13 Oak Drive Hamilton, New York 13346 (315) 228-7744 • maroonnews@colgate.edu www.thecolgatemaroonnews.com

The opinions expressed in The Colgate Maroon-News are those of the individual writers and do not necessarily represent the views of The Colgate Maroon-News or of Colgate University. Submission Policy: The Colgate Maroon-News accepts commentary pieces regarding news coverage, editorial policy, University affairs and other topics pertinent to the students and campus community at Colgate University. We reserve the right to edit submissions based on available space and provided that they adhere to our style guidelines. We do not print open letters, and submissions received in this format will be edited. We cannot guarantee publication of all submissions received and we reserve the right to reject submissions based on style, punctuation, grammar and appropriateness. Defaming, denigrating or incriminating language regarding or directed at individual students and/ or student groups will not be printed. Submissions must contain identifiable and reasonable evidence, and their inclusion in the paper is at the discretion of the editorial staff. Self-promotion or solicitation on behalf of student groups will not be printed. Idiomatic profanity will not be printed. Offensive language may be printed as part of a report on the use of such language or related issues. Anonymous letters to the Editor will not be printed. Letters from alumni should include the graduation year of the writer and all writers should provide a telephone number for verification. All submissions must be received by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. for Thursday publication. Advertising Information: The Colgate Maroon-News welcomes paid advertisements. The deadline for copy is Monday at 5 p.m. for Thursday publication. We reserve the right to make final judgment on the size of an ad and whether it will be included in the issue requested. Publishing Information: The Colgate Maroon-News (USPS 121320) is published weekly when classes are in session by the students of Colgate University. Subscription price is $60 per year. Postmaster: Send address changes to the above address.

Maroon-News Corrections April 4, 2019 An article about a panel discussion of the HEDS survey results included an incorrect statistic about the number of students who completed the survey. In total, 14.4 percent of Colgate students took the survey.

Editor’s Column: Ready or Not? By Glynnis Harvey Assistant Commentary Editor

After going abroad last semester, and as the end of this one fast approaches, I feel like I have been a junior for about five-and-a-half minutes. I am registered for my senior fall courses already and attempting to close in on my final internship of my college career. People definitely warned me as I entered college that these years would fly by but at 18, four years still seemed like an eternity. But, alas, here I am a second semester junior. College has been fun, hard, rewarding and draining. But am I ready to graduate? I have always been someone who loves school. Summer was fun, but by August I was unbelievably bored and ready to head back to the classroom. I loved the routine of school, learning new things and, most importantly, reading. My childhood mentality towards school also carried over into my dream of going to college. In elementary school computer class, we all had our individual username and password to login to the prehistoric, clunky Apple desktops. Everyone’s username was their first initial, last name and then the year we would graduate high school. 2016. That felt eons away but I knew one day it would come and I would go to college. In fourth grade, after seeing the movie “College Road Trip” with Raven Symoné, I followed my dad with a notepad as he walked our dog asking him the names of good colleges. I quickly jotted them down to remember to look them up later on the family computer. When it was finally time to look at colleges, we took a college road trip of our own all over the Northeast. In the end, I applied to an absurd number of schools. The college admissions process seemed much smoother in

the movies, but I made it out the other end and chose Colgate. College has been both everything I dreamed of when I was little and simultaneously nothing like it. Choosing classes and dreaming of all the interesting debates we’ll have there matches up. Some classes, though, have also been as disappointing or aggravating as some high school ones were. I have made friends from all over the country and will cherish the memories we’ve made forever. But the library isn’t quite the old, graceful and ornate hall of learning I thought it would be.. As my final year at Colgate comes into focus, I am met with conflicted feelings about whether I am ready to leave or not. I do not want to take my college years for granted. When else in my life will all my friends and I live five minutes from each other with nothing to do but go to the library or hang out with each other? When else will I be able to explore any new interest I have by simply choosing it as a fourth class? As the “real world” creeps closer to being a reality, I begin to worry about how much time I have left here. But at the same token, I am itching every day to dive into the real world. I love political campaigns and I know politics is exactly what I want to do with my life. This summer I am pursuing political communications internships outside of the campaign world because I think it might break my heart again if I have to leave another campaign for a whole year while at school. There is just so much to do and it hurts to know that I can’t just start right now. In the end, I am thankful for what I have learned at Colgate both in and out of the classroom. It is strange to think I won’t be a student in a year. Still, I am so ready for what’s next. Besides, there’s always grad school. Contact Glynnis Harvey at gharvey@colgate.edu

Drunk Safety and Looking Out This SPW By Kara Schindler Maroon-News Staff

At 12:17 a.m. on Friday night, a cruiser pulled up to the Bookstore. The lights on the front read “Apartments.” It was going exactly where I was. I hopped on and sat in the front row. A few more kids trickled on. There was light drunk-fueled chatter and some classic rock on the radio. I would be home in less than seven minutes. I felt safe. Suddenly, before pulling away, the driver stood up and walked to the backseat of the bus. A girl was laying there, passed out. None of us had seen her. The driver tried to wake her up. Then, she turned to us. “Does anyone know this girl?” the driver asked. Some first-year claimed they recognized her and the driver was satisfied. She returned to her seat and started driving. I had no idea how long she’d been there or who she was. I heard the other first-years ask her if she was okay. They whispered among themselves and decided to help her get home when they got up the hill. Soon enough, I was at my stop. I turned around before getting off. The girl was still slumped over. I went into my apartment, feeling uneasy. I forgot about it soon after. I told myself it wasn’t a big deal. That’s when I realized there was a bigger problem. This isn’t a unique phenomenon. I’m sure anyone reading this can recall a story of a similar nature. And that’s why I think it’s something that should be talked about. There’s a fine line between a funny drunk story and a genuine safety threat. And sure, there’s a certain level of debauchery that can be chalked up to being in college. People get too drunk every night, everywhere. It’s not unique to Colgate, but our solutions could be.

There are lots of efforts on this campus to protect students and keep them safe and I certainly don’t want to take away from those. Greek organizations and other institutions have incredible systems in place to protect the safety of their members. But I think there are a lot of people who fall through the cracks. First-years particularly. They don’t have the protection and the structure to keep them safe the way upperclassmen do. Especially in their first few months at Colgate, they are just meeting people for the first time and often don’t have a secure group of friends. It wasn’t the cruiser driver’s job to take care of the girl on Friday night and bring her home. Cruiser drivers ensure our well-being by their safedriving, not drunk-babysitting. It was responsible that the driver checked on her and it was fortunate that the other passengers identified her. But that situation could have easily been a lot less lucky. I’m not writing this article to criticize any of the people involved in this situation. I think everyone handled it incredibly well. But I think that I, and all of us, can do more. First, I think our culture needs to stop turning dangerous drunk debauchery into funny stories. It normalizes the message that getting too drunk, passing out or being irresponsible is okay and even “cool.” Second, I think Colgate could do more to protect first-years and all of its students from the dangerous side of the college drinking scene. With Spring Party Weekend coming up, I think this is something worth resolving, both on an individual and institutional level. Every college first-year will eventually learn from their mistakes with alcohol, but it doesn’t necessarily have to be “the hard way.” Contact Kara Schindler at kschindler@colgate.edu.


The Colgate Maroon-News

April 11, 2019

Commentary B-2

What’s Left

Being Right

By Eli Cousin

By Marc Moreira

Maroon-News Staff

Maroon-News Staff

GOP's Judicial Agenda Cannot Go Unchecked

Maintaining an Open Debate

On Changing Norms in the U.S. Senate Since Donald Trump has taken office, he has confirmed judicial nominees at a record rate. To date, 93 federal judge have been confirmed, and many will serve lifetime appointments. This past Wednesday, the Republicanled Senate took the most recent and alarming step in further pushing their judicial agenda by invoking the nuclear option for executivebranch nominees and district court judges. In cutting the debate time for nominees from 30 hours to two, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Republicans are doing more than just bucking Senate norms—they are pursuing a radical takeover of the U.S. court system. The media, and subsequently the American public, have paid great attention to the most recent high profile judicial appointments. This of course includes—and in many ways, began— when Mitch McConnell employed what can only be categorized as blatant obstructionism in refusing to grant Judge Merrick Garland a hearing in 2016. America again watched as McConnell capitalized on this political maneuver in 2017 by opting to remove the filibuster and subsequent 60 vote threshold for Supreme Court nominees. The confirmations of both Justice Neil Gorsuch and Justice Brett Kavanaugh under a 50 vote threshold were highly controversial events. McConnell and the GOP have received minimal press coverage and national criticism as they continue to mold a conservative federal judiciary through any means necessary. Americans of all political stripes, however, should have grave concerns with this most recent action. The erosion of Senate norms and serious implications for American judicial jurisprudence should worry everyone. With regards to norms, McConnell and the GOP have destroyed necessary structure within the world's greatest deliberative body. In invoking the nuclear option, the Senate leaves little room for the minority party to challenge controversial appointments. Members of both parties ought to have serious reservations and objections to a system that allows brute power to the majority.

C

Sustainability Column

Yet, the destruction of Senate norms may pale in comparison to the impacts of these decisions on American legal jurisprudence for an entire lifetime. In pursuing their radical judicial agenda, Republicans have deliberately sought to appoint young, staunchly conservative judges. Senator Leahy (D-VT) described McConnell’s most recent nuclear maneuver as “motivated by the far right’s desire to flood the federal judiciary with young, ideological nominees, many of whom… are simply unqualified to serve on our nation’s courts.” Trump’s appointees are also a far-cry from being representative of the nation’s population. According to USA Today, of the 93 judges that Trump has successfully appointed, 92 percent are white and 76 percent are male. Both political parties ought to be concerned for impacts on our judicial system, one already wrought with implicit bias and documented racial discrimination. There is no need to mince words—the GOP is packing our courts while squelching any realistic opportunity for minority opposition. The result is a federal judiciary that, for decades to come, will be filled with rightwing, socially regressive partisans who fail to represent the American electorate. The GOP has highlighted yet again why it is imperative that Democrats win at the ballot box in 2020. However, as Mitch McConnell continues to disregard historic rules, Democrats have an obligation to consider possible recourse. It is imperative that members of the Democratic party engage in difficult conversations about increasing the size of our federal judiciary. Such an action ought not to be framed as “court packing.” Rather, Democrats must explain skewing of our judiciary so drastically to the right that some form of “balancing” or “re-alignment” may be necessary. A lifetime of American judicial jurisprudence is at stake. Contact Eli Cousin at ecousin@colgate.edu.

On April 3, the Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) used a procedural vote to change the 60vote threshold needed to overcome debate time. Additionally, it lowered the threshold needed to pass non-Cabinetlevel executives and district court nominations to a simple majority. While the Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer, a Democrat from New York, would like to make it seem as though this was a dark and gloomy day in the history of the Senate, the irony is that the Minority Leader has prided himself in obstructing the nomination process of federal nominees. The most jarring example of the Minority Leader priding himself in the filibuster was in 2003 during the battle to nominate Miguel Estrada for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Immediately after his nomination in May of 2001, Democrats, including the now Minority Leader, for the first time in the history of the Senate, used a filibuster to block his approval. Not only did Estrada have extensive experience that made him exceptionally qualified, but as a Honduran immigrant, he would have been the first Hispanic to sit on the court. Regardless, the Minority Leader made it very clear that, as he said himself, “I am the leader of the filibuster movement and I am proud of it.” With incredible statements like this, it becomes difficult to take the Democratic Minority Leader in good faith today when he attempts to allude that cloture debate was used to legitimately question candidates when the Minority Leader has used it as a political tactic to block nominations during the President George W. Bush’s tenure. During Obama’s tenure, Republicans in the Senate were notorious in their

efforts to filibuster Obama’s nominees. From this frustration, Senate Democrats were seemingly justified in 2013 when then Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid changed the rules in the same way that Mitch McConnell just did. They voiced the same concerns that Republicans are raising now in the tactics used by the minority party in simply blocking nominees with whom they disagreed. So, if Democrats were justified in changing the rules in 2013, how are Republicans not justified in doing the same thing now? Ultimately, members of both parties have to concede that any given President has the right to nominate individuals to serve in their government. The Senate should still maintain the open debate to which it is accustomed, a style that is only possible due to the Senate's small size relative to the House of Representatives. However, engaging in traditional, time-consuming open debate should only be in the conventional committee setting and when legitimate issues arise, such as lack of experience presented by a nominee. Such is the case with President Trump’s nominee for district court judge, Matthew Petersen. Unfortunately, with the rise in partisanship and party discipline, I doubt the Senate will ever get to a point where it will be able to vote on Supreme Court nominees on margins such as those we saw for Ginsburg and Souter, 96-3 and 90-9, respectively. In this modern age of polarization, it seems fair to say that changing the rules of the Senate is a natural progression and a necessary step to ensure proper governmental function. Contact Marc Moreira at mmoreira@colgate.edu.

The Truth About Ocean Plastic Pollution

New York State recently passed a statewide ban on most kinds of single use plastic bags, a huge step toward a more sustainable and environmentally friendly lifestyle. Single use plastic bags are often cited when discussing the large amount of plastics that end up in oceans. Because of the chemical nature of plastic, these bags can take years to break down into small particles, ones that will never biodegrade. This has caused plastics to end up in nearly every ecosystem on the planet, including in our own food and drinking water. The amount of plastic that enters the oceans each year is astronomical. Experts estimate that roughly eight million tons of plastic find their way into oceans each year; morever, that number could actually range anywhere from 4.8 to 12.7 million tons. While these numbers are relatively comprehensive, it is possible that the total number of plastics in the ocean is even greater. Oceanic plastics are often carried to rivers through runoff, which then carry those plastics to the ocean. In fact, almost a quarter of all plastics that end up in the oceans are carried there by 10 rivers. However, plastics can be introduced directly into the ocean as

By Ethan Reiser Sustainability Intern

well, as some wastes are often dumped straight into the oceans by cargo ships and other overseas travel that introduce even more plastic. Natural disasters, such as tsunamis or hurricanes, can also move plastics into the oceans. Ocean currents can also move plastic all over the world. Some of the most remote islands throughout the oceans can have a high density of plastics on their shorelines, simply because it continually washes onto shore there. Plastics can even be found in the deepest parts of the oceans, as sunken plastics have been found at the bottom of the Mariana Trench and animals that call this ecosystem home have often been found with plastic in their stomachs. This amount of plastic has a detrimental effect on the animals in the ocean and the ecosystem as a whole. All kinds of animals attempt to digest plastics. From birds to whales to sea turtles, animals often mistake plastic for food or accidentally ingest the plastics when filter feeding for other foods. Shockingly, over half of the sea turtles in the world have ingested some kind of plastic, whether that be small pieces or larger plastic bags that they often mistake for jellyfish. Animals that are able to avoid consuming plastics

can still be harmed by the chemicals that they contain, or through consuming other animals that have consumed plastics. Not only that, but plastic items like fishing nets can entangle and drown unsuspecting animals. They can also cause harmful cuts and wounds that cause the animal to become susceptible to diseases throughout their lifetimes. It is clear that the impacts that plastics have on our marine wildlife are extensive and extremely detrimental. The negative implications of plastic in the environment is undeniable. We, as the humans responsible for creating these massive amounts of waste, have a responsibility to the sea creatures and ecosystems we are hurting to change our behavior. There are many ways we can reduce the number of plastics in marine ecosystems and food networks, and the easiest way is to simply reduce our use of plastics. Instead of using plastic water bottles and plastic shopping bags, opt for a reusable water bottle and reusable shopping bags. Even small changes go a long way in keeping plastics out of our oceans and helping wildlife populations stay healthy. Contact Ethan Reiser at ereiser@colgate.edu.


The Colgate Maroon-News

B-3 Commentary

April 11, 2019

The Two-Party System Must Go By Max Goldenberg Maroon-News Staff

What, exactly, defines a Democrat? Is it a strong commitment to environmental policy? A desire for a comprehensive socialist welfare system? An interest in a powerful government actively pursuing social justice? Maybe it’s any of these things, but most of the sitting Democratic representatives actively and vehemently oppose at least one of those tenants, as do most Democrat voters. It’s a party that simultaneously contains Beto O’Rourke, Kamala Harris and (let’s be honest) Bernie Sanders. All you have to do is take a few looks at the presidential rallies of the current Democratic hopefuls to see that each and every one is running off completely different viewpoints and ideals that appeal to completely different audiences, with the only uniting thread a vague sense of being some abstract thing known as “left wing.” That isn’t just a Democratic thing, either. Much like how the Democratic party is a dysfunctional and lopsided perma-alliance between socialists, social democrats and environmentalists, the Republican party exists as a

dysfunctional and lopsided perma-alliance between libertarians, industrialists and nationalists, constantly tugging the party line in different and almost random directions that hardly ever produce a cohesive or satisfying ideology. The problems of such mega-parties are perhaps even more prevalent in the Republican camp; while the interests of environmentalists and socialists can often superficially align (Sanders supports some measures for environmental reform as part of his policy, for instance.), the interests of the three big players in the Republican party almost never do. In fact, the biggest independent party in the United States, the Libertarian party, has well over 500,000 registered members and continues to garner a few percentages of the vote in statewide and national elections. This party was founded completely out of dissatisfaction with the increasingly big-business aligned Republican party, which nominally continues to run with party lines about small government and protecting private interests. Despite representing over 500,000 American

citizens, the Libertarian party does not hold a single representative seat in any branch of the U.S. government, and likely never will. It isn’t just Libertarians who feel that the labels of “Republican” and “Democrat” are insufficient. Nearly anyone with a serious political opinion will, at best, align with a single tenet of either of the two major parties, while often completely and seriously disagreeing with the party line as a whole. I can say that as someone who frequently writes for the “Being Right” column of this newspaper, I aggressively disagree with most tenants of the so-called Republican party line. Most often, American elections are not a matter of electing politicians who you actually agree with or support—they are a matter of electing someone you dislike less than the other candidate. Two-party systems are not the norm, nor are they an effective system of representation. In nearly every other developed republic on the face of the Earth, multi-party systems are used, where the percentage of votes a

specific party receives determines how many seats they hold, as opposed to a winner-take-all system where only two mega-parties can exist. If you want to understand why “left-right” dichotomy has gotten so aggressive recently, look no further than the oversimplification of the two-party system. Are you interested in social justice? Congratulations, you are a left-wing Democrat, and thus opposed to the right. Are you interested in individual rights? Congratulations, you are a right-wing Republican, and thus opposed to the left. The only, and I repeat, only reasons we have this archaic, outdated and thoroughly divisive system are to preserve the interests of the political parties themselves who fear dissolution or difficult reform at the onset of serious competition, and, perhaps, the corporations who quietly donate simultaneously to both Democrats and Republicans alike for introducing favors in their bloated and incomprehensible policies. Contac Max Goldenberg at mgoldenberg@colgate.edu.

MN Commentary wishes you a groovy SPW! Ctrl: Public Enemy #1: The Cruiser Schedule

By Caio Brighenti Maroon-News Staff

For the past year or so, I’ve sat down once a week to write this very column. Each time, I spend a solid amount of time considering the different things I could write about. While I try to take the column in a different direction, there is one topic that invariably comes to mind each week, begging to be written about. That topic is the Colgate Cruiser schedule. So far I’ve been able to avoid writing about it. It’s low-hanging fruit. Literally, everyone on this campus has an opinion on the cruiser schedule, and I guarantee you the vast majority of those opinions are negative. Do I really have enough to add to the conversation to warrant an article? Each week I mull over these questions and decide to be stronger than the temptation. So, I set the Cruiser schedule aside and write on a different topic. But not this week. I’ve had enough. I can no longer be a quiet victim to the nightmare that is the cruiser schedule. So, with the few words alloted to me in this newspaper, I’m going to do my best to produce a critical yet fair assessment of the Cruiser schedule that doesn’t just devolve into anger. Let’s start with an easy one. The mobile app sucks. I mean really, how much can I say about the app? It’s literally just a sequence of links followed by the world’s largest spreadsheet, but it still manages to be a daily source of frustration. Why do I have to click on five different things just to finally reach the schedule for that day? How am I supposed to keep track of what row I’m looking at when I have to swipe infinitely to the right to see the fateful words “Frank Dining Hall”? Sometimes I dream that Colgate made a Cruiser app where I can just put in where I am and where I’m going, and the quickest route comes up.

Then, I wake up and am thrown into abject despair when I realize the grim reality of the app we have. I know some of you reading this are thinking “this guy has no idea what he’s talking about, there’s the Rider app!” To this, I simply wish I still possessed the youthful innocence that once let me believe the Rider app would solve my problem. That version of me was lost to the past after one too many experiences of being informed that the Cruiser had arrived, only to realize the Cruiser had in fact not arrived, and nor would it arrive in the desperate 10 minutes that followed as I slowly realized my fate and proceeded to sprint up the hill. It only brings me more devastation to realize that even with the app of my dreams the experience would still be challenging at best. I’m a man of routine. Every Monday, Wednesday and Friday I hop on the 10 a.m. Cruiser to head up to my 10:20 a.m. class. Except for the days I don’t—because the Cruiser is too full. When I do make it on, the odds of me finding a seat are about as good as the odds Frank chicken will be cooked properly. At least I don’t live in Parker, where you’re lucky to even be allowed aboard an at-capacity Cruiser. Thankfully, whoever plans the Cruiser route realized this was a particularly busy time and decided to address it by increasing service. Just kidding. That would be a sensible decision. Instead, they swapped out the big red cruiser with a vehicle resembling more an inconspicuous FBI van than a shuttle meant to transport students. At least that’s added some excitement to my morning routine, as I anxiously await to see which jam-packed vehicle is going to round the corner and make its way to my stop. Contact Caio Brighenti at cbrighenti@colgate.edu.


APRIL 11, 2019

Arts & Features

C-1

The Colgate Maroon-News

Facebook.

TIA’S ANNUAL SHARK TANK COMPETITION: Colgate hosted the Shark Tank competition on Saturday, April 6 during which TIA students pitched their businesses to notable alumni for prize money.

By Rose Corcoran Maroon-News Staff

Even though Colgate does not have an official business program, our passionate alumni have found a way to foster the entrepreneurial spirit among students through Thought Into Action (TIA), a program that provides mentorship and funding to aspiring entrepreneurs. This weekend, students and alumni gathered in the Hall of Presidents to celebrate the ventures of TIA members with an alumni panel discussion, Shark Tank style presentations by students and a networking session. The event opened with attendees exploring the variety of booths showcasing the business ventures of TIA members, such as EverTights, which sells comfortable, lasting and sustainable hosiery tights, Strata Printing, an emerging 3D printing company, ScanCard, a mobile ID platform replacing physical university ID cards and UCan, a non-profit aimed at improving recycling performance by incentivizing recycling through donations toward community needs. “The UCan project started completely differently but with the same mission of incentivizing better environmental practices through making a social impact. TIA and all the mentors helped me figure out the logistics and helped me make my idea and what I was so passionate about applicable to something that can help people,” sophomore and co-founder of UCan Christina Weiler said. While guests drifted among the booths and learned about each budding company, the founders of White Tea Design, ScanCard, EverTights and Goodworker 360 went on stage and gave brief pitches of their brand to the audience to increase publicity and prove the value of their venture. Each presenting student was confident, articulate and professional in their presentation, a testament to the quality of their work and the guidance they received. After one of the pitches, Bob Gold ’80 led a panel discussion comprised of three alumni: Alexandra Thompson ’02, founder and CEO of Persifor, a lifestyle brand that produces wrinkle-resistant, travel-focused clothing; Dan Hurwitz ’86, founder and CEO of Raider Hill, an advisory firm and Denniston Reid ’94, the Chief Schools and Innovation Officer at Excellence Community Schools, a charter management organization. The panel discussed the impact of TIA on both students and the alumni involved,

the role of a Colgate education in entrepreneurship and tips on entering the business world. Each alumni provided the unique perspective of their industry and showed how a liberal arts degree could be applied to starting a business. The main event of the day was the “Shark Tank”-style presentations of four Colgate students to the alumni panelists in competition for a first place prize of $2,500, a second place prize of $1,500 and two third place prizes of $500. Although there was no Mark Cuban or Mr. Wonderful among the panelists, the alumni who participated have years of experience in building companies and were able to provide thought-provoking questions and constructive criticism to the presenters. First up was senior Chris Cervizzi, who created the Concussion Survival Kit, a toolkit that helps student-athletes through the symptoms of a concussion. The project was inspired by his own experience of suffering the physical and emotional pain of a concussion. Valet Seller, a full-service selling solution that helps companies looking to scale their business online went second. The venture started out as two siblings, (sophomore Maya Dunne and senior Kevin Dunne) selling products from their garage, and said they hoped the prize money would help them grow. Next was Edge, led by sophomore Jack Ablon, a private aviation concierge service that makes flying private a more affordable and less painful process. Last was NaSo by senior Uyi Omorogbe , a clothing company that produces minimalist African-inspired clothing while using part of the profits to renovate schools in rural African villages. Each presenter who entered the “tank” was tested on their quick-thinking and business knowledge by answering questions from the panelists, which were focused mainly on financials and how the students planned to grow and diversify their brands. After the students gave their presentations and faced the questions and critiques of the “sharks,” the presenters and the audience were forced to wait with bated breath for the results. During this time, the 2019 Entrepreneur of the Year title was awarded to an unfortunately absent Robert Johnson ’94. Just as his video tribute was concluding, the sharks returned and announced that Concussion Survival Kit was awarded the first place prize, NaSo received second, and Valet Seller and Edge tied for third. Although the rewards were not equal, each venture received extra capital to grow their businesses and walked away one step closer to achieving the dream they have all worked so tirelessly to achieve. The professionalism, detail and success in each business participating in this event proved just how far the program has come. Membership and resources have increased substantially since the program’s inception, but so has the quality of the mentoring process. “I think our process of mentoring has become a lot more refined so that the end product, meaning what the students get over the course of the year, has become really valuable. Because I did a lot of early stage investment and private equity and made a lot of mistakes myself, I always had this view that if there is a way of sharing my experiences and also advising students, then maybe I could help both for-profit and social entrepreneurs be a little more effective and a little more efficient,” TIA co-founder Bob Gold ’80 said. “A lot of these students really are trying to change the world, or a small piece of it, and knowing that we’ve gotten better at being helpful is the way I’ve seen TIA get better over time.” Many college students have a desire to change the world around them, and TIA helps students achieve this goal through starting their own business. Whether it be recycling, concussion management or sustainable clothing, these young hopefuls have found a way to make their mark on the business world with the helping hand of alumni. Contact Rose Corcoran at rcorcoran@colgate.edu.

“Far Away:” Strikingly Short and Poignant By Sasha Balasanov Maroon-News Staff

On Sunday, April 7, the Colgate Department of Theater presented the final showing of the 2000 Caryl Churchill play, “Far Away,” directed by Simona Giurgea. The cast was made up entirely of Colgate students, and the impressively simple yet striking set was constructed by students as well. With only three main characters and a small ensemble, this play still managed to create a whole new world on stage. “Far Away” requires your full attention, as there is a lot of meaning that can be derived from the short lines delivered by the actors and the movements of the ensemble in the background. The performance will leave you pondering its meaning for hours, as realizations about the subtext and implied messages roll in even after the show ends. “[The show was] really well done. I liked how the scarce detail left a lot about the setting up to the imagination,” sophomore Caroline Simon said. The curtain opens to a quiet scene where Joan, a young girl visiting her aunt and uncle, has trouble sleeping due to some disturbing events she had observed in the yard. Her aunt reassures her that when she saw her uncle beating several people in the shed in the yard, he was doing a good thing by punishing traitors and rescuing the rest. Joan, comforted by this apparently satisfactory divide between good and evil, goes to sleep. The rest of the play follows a similar motif of senseless violence that is either justified or completely ignored. In the next scene, the young girl is now

an adult working in a hat factory, where her only concern is corruption in the upper levels of management of the factory, not the fact that the complex hats she and her co-workers have been designing are being used for a much darker and violent purpose. Although this play is only 50 minutes long, the skill of the actors and the accompanying set design and sound truly manage to pack in an eerie image of what our world may be moving toward. “This was a very unique play in that you had to pay close attention because the scenes were very detailed and seemed to have a greater meaning behind them,” sophomore Lauryn Poyser said. The short play ends with a picture of a dystopian future of violence in a world where human evil has spread to nature and household items, and indifference to human suffering prevails. Joan is speaking to her husband, and absentmindedly mentions the horrific violence she has committed to get to him and the inanimate objects and animals that have apparently “picked sides” in the ongoing war as nature turns on itself. Although it may be hard to imagine the militarization of a river or a cat, it is strikingly clear that this seemingly dystopian world is actually not far from the one we are beginning to see now, which begs the question: Are we really “Far Away” from this world of senseless violence and disregard for human life, or are we already nearly there? Contact Sasha Balasanov at sbalasanov@colgate.edu.

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Jumping Into the Shark Tank with TIA

IN THE LIGHT Sophie Grayer By Jessica Argento Maroon-News Staff

If Sophie Grayer could give any advice to Colgate students, it would be this: “Put yourself in different environments and see how you react. It’s a win-win because you’re going to learn something about yourself either way. If you won’t get arrested and you won’t die, I would say yes to most things,” Grayer said. Originally from the town of Rye in Westchester County, New York, Grayer is a philosophy and religion concentrator with an additional creative writing concentration. She enjoys philosophy because it includes asking a lot of questions, but she also enjoys religion, which tries to answer those questions, making the coupling of the two concentrations rewarding. On campus, Grayer is involved in Link Staff, Sidekicks, Greek life, Student Government and the COVE group Do Random Acts of Kindness. She also works closely with the Dean’s office. She is currently on a search committee to find a new Dean for the first-year and sophomore experience. Grayer explained that being a part of Link Staff is very important to her. She said she enjoys being able to have contact with 18 first-years and have a say in shifting their outlook or simply being a friend. Joining Link Staff made her feel more comfortable in a leadership role. When she’s not busy with her multitude of extracurriculars, Grayer enjoys writing and DIY (do it yourself) projects. One of her favorite DIY projects included hundreds of drink coasters that she collected while studying abroad at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. She bought a side table from Ikea and glued the coasters all over the table, creating a work of art out of an ordinary piece of furniture. Grayer also enjoys exploring Madison County. One of the things she’ll miss most about Colgate is the beauty surrounding it. She often adventures and finds new places including waterfalls, lakes and mountains. Her favorite spot on campus is a bench near the old ski trails that overlooks the entire campus. Although she will miss these parts of Colgate, Grayer also feels prepared to leave. Her favorite part about Colgate is the people, but she and her friends only allow themselves a few moments of nostalgia a month, as they know they are excited to begin life post college. “It feels natural to say goodbye since it has been four years,” Grayer said. She explained that Colgate has its students wired to feel ready to leave by the end and that she is ready to do something with all of the knowledge that she’s gained.

Contact Jessica Argento at jargento@colgate.edu


C-2 Arts & Features

Entertainment Update

The Colgate Maroon-News

Cass Bliss and #BleedingWhileTrans

Your Week in Preview By Alena Maiolo Arts & Features Editor

LIFE LONG LEARNING PROGRAM: “LESSONS I’VE LEARNED HELPING REFUGEES IN ASIA” Do you want to learn about the experience of aiding refugees? Come to the Hamilton Public Library, Community Room on Friday, April 12 from 2 p.m. to 3 p.m. to hear Tom and Liz Brackett, retired Colgate professors and founders of the Brackett Refugee Fund, speak about their over 20 years of experience aiding refugees in Asia.

MERAKI: REFLECTIVE DANCE WORKSHOPS

Callie Schineller

ENST BROWN BAG: “THOUGHT INTO ACTION STUDENT ENTREPRENEURS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WELLBEING” Join the Environmental Studies Department in the ALANA Cultural Center Multipurpose Room on Friday, April 12 at 12:15 p.m. to hear how Thought into Action can be used as a forum to promote sustainability. Three students, sophomore Christina Weiler, sophomore Victoria Basulto and senior Caroline Danehy will be giving the talk. The event will be catered by Hamilton Whole Foods.

APRIL 11, 2019

CASS BLISS: Menstruation activist Cass Bliss spoke to the Colgate community on Wednesday, April 3 about the experience of menstruating while being transgender.

By Marissa Volkman Maroon-News Staff

Last semester, Colgate’s campus saw a tremendous increase in the availability of free menstrual hygiene products in women’s bathrooms. With this momentum, Colgate must now consider how to equally assist members of our community who menstruate, but do not identify as female. To address this issue, Colgate hosted non-binary reproductive justice activist Cass Bliss on Wednesday, April 3. Bliss, who uses they/them pronouns, has held a leading role in the period activism movement since creating the coloring book “The Adventures of Toni the Tampon” in 2016. The book has no words, only pictures of animated tampons, pads and menstrual cups with gender-neutral names. During their talk, Bliss explained that they created the book as a tool to start conversations with young children about menstruation. Bliss was motivated by the lack of reproductive education Bliss received growing up in a conservative missionary community. They recalled internalizing the view that their first period was the marker of womanhood. As a trans person who was not yet out, this made Bliss feel as though they lost the freedom to freely express their gender identity.

Bliss explained that periods cause many trans people to feel dysphoric because of the gendered rhetoric around menstruation, manifesting as pink tampons and pads labeled “feminine products.” While their work has made an impact, with some stores and companies revising the packaging to say “menstrual products” in a variety of colors, much of the dysphoria comes from within their own bodies. This dysphoria was the source of the pushback from the trans community in response to Bliss’ recent #BleedingWhileTrans demonstration. Bliss sat on a public bench and free-bled while holding a sign that read “Periods are NOT just for women.” They addressed the controversy during their talk, saying that they understood the response, but cannot say they regret the demonstration. Because of the recent hate in regards to the demonstration, Bliss deactivated their Instagram account and decided to take a break from giving talks at colleges. While Bliss is dedicated to reducing the stigma around trans menstruation, they have found that trying to cross trans and period activism often inhibits progress, as people are still uncomfortable with this topic. Bliss used the last part of their talk to educate the attendees on pronouns. Bliss explained that they often get misgendered. Getting misgendered is a major hurdle for trans people. Bliss showed how prevalent this issue is by engaging the audience in what they called the “purple exercise.” During the exercise, all of the attendees split into groups and told a true story about a friend, saying “purple” every time they would typically use a pronoun. The resulting stories sounded ridiculous and gave everyone a laugh, but demonstrated just how much we use pronouns in each sentence. “[There are many] opportunities to either respect or disrespect someone,” Bliss said. They acknowledged that it may be difficult to get used to using a new set of pronouns at first, but reminded the audience that it is always better to stumble a bit in trying to use someone’s chosen pronouns than to refuse to use them at all. Learning not to assume someone’s gender or pronouns based on their appearance is just the first step in helping trans people who menstruate feel safe using the bathroom of their identified gender while on their period. Bliss will continue to pursue activism in reproductive health and trans rights while breaking down the barriers that arise when those two areas overlap. Contact Marissa Volkman at mvolkman@colgate.edu.

Grafters X Change Showcases New York EcoArts Network By JP Haley

What is Meraki? It is doing something with soul, creativity or love, especially leaving a piece of yourself in your work. Meraki is about using physical movements to convey feelings that words cannot express. Join Haven on Friday April 12 from 3 p.m. to 4 p.m. in room 209 of Ryan Studio to experience the beauty of creativity and healing through movement. You don’t have to be an experienced dancer to come join in these dance workshops.

FRIDAY NIGHT FILM SERIES: “THE LUNCH BOX” Sponsored by Core Communities and Identities and the Department of Art and Art History, “THE LUNCH BOX” follows the meal constructed by Ila, a middle class housewife. Unbenownst to her, the lunch box she packs it in is not delivered to her husband, and instead, it is received by another office worker, Saajan, who is on the verge of retirement. Ila begins writing notes and placing them inside the lunch box. These notes spark an unusual and unexpected friendship bewteen Saajan and Ila. Come to the Golden Auditorium in Little Hall on Friday, April 12 at 5 p.m. to see how the rest of the story unfolds.

Contact Alena Maiolo at amaiolo@colgate.edu.

Over the course of two days, March 29 and 30, the Grafters X Change: Branches and Networks event took place at the Paul J. Schupf Studio Arts Center in Hamilton. This event was organized by Margaretha Haughwout, Assistant Professor of Art and Art History at Colgate. The two-day environmental workshop worked in collaboration with the Guerilla Grafters group and the Environmental Performance Agency, as well as other New York gardening groups and artists. The Schupf Studio Arts center is a purple building just a short walk from Hamilton’s downtown. It sits on the corner of the Montgomery and Eaton street and shares a parking lot with an auto body shop. Inside the studio, there were classrooms with different speakers sharing their experience of making gardens in urban areas, creating local farmers’ markets and other environmental efforts. A major component of the event was introducing students and members of Colgate’s community to grafting, a process by which a fruit bearing tree branch is grafted onto a tree which is not bearing fruit. The result is a tree which grows fruit that had not before. This technique has been used in agriculture for years; recently, however, the Guerilla Grafters have taken the technique to urban areas. The Guerilla Grafters group, founded in 2010, is encouraging the growth of an online community of grafters all over the world. This community is responsible for grafting fruit cuttings onto trees lining city streets in hopes that one day, pedestrians can pluck fruit from their branches as they pass. Senior Grant Holloschutz was impressed with the idea. “The process of grafting was quite intriguing. It’s truly incredible how someone can just attach a totally different plant to a tree in order to grow fruit,” Holloschutz said. The garage of the studio arts center was taken over by the scion and seed exchange. The exchange allowed community members to donate their fruit tree scions so others could take the branches and graft them onto their own trees. The garage was also full of warm soup and plenty of people eager to talk about their experiences with grafting and the environment. In a different area, attendees were able to learn how to reclaim nature paved over by parking lots. The Environmental Performance Agency is a group founded in response to the ongoing dismantling of the US Environmental Protection Agency and they are committed to reconnecting people with nature. In their asphalt cut-out demonstration, two EPA agents, Andrea Haenggi and Ellie

JP Haley

Maroon-News Staff

GRAFTERS X CHANGE: Members of the community work with the Environmental Performance Agency to chisel out a piece of asphalt. They hope to reclaim the natural land and allow for growth again.

Irons, chiseled a hexagon shaped hole out of the asphalt in order to reclaim the earth beneath. Each stage of the process involved deep contemplation over the land and its multispecies inhabitants. The workshop had an extremely diverse crowd who were open to conversation. For students who had never heard of grafting before and attendees who have practiced it, the workshop was full of useful information. If your interested in grafting you can check Guerilla Grafters website which has a map of locations all over the world where trees have been marked as good spots for grafting. Contact JP Haley at jhaley@colgate.edu.


April 11, 2019

The Colgate Maroon-News

Arts & Features C-3

Jared Rosen

Examining Sexual Violence Through a Public Health Lens

SEXUAL VIOLENCE REALITIES: Tracia Banuelos the Program Coordinator for Haven, led a discussion on viewing sexual violence through a public health lens to highlight the ways in which education and positive action can help put an end to sexual violence.

By Lilley Salmon Maroon-News Staff

On Thursday April 4, Haven and Colgate’s Public Health Initiative hosted Tracia Banuelos, the Program Coordinator of Haven, for a talk on “Examining Sexual Violence Through a Public Health Lens.” The event was part of Colgate’s programming for Sexual Violence Awareness Month. Banuelos opened the talk by defining the five social determinants of health: economic stability, neighborhood and built environment, health and health care, education and social and community context. These social determinants of health and the environment in which people are born, work and live affect their health and quality of life. Using these five determinants as “entry points,” Banuelos analyzed the healthiness of lifestyles to better understand sexual violence. Baneulos defined sexual violence as “the broad term that encompasses any attempted or complete act of violence, either physical or psychological, carried out through sexual means or by targeting sexuality.” Despite this definition, in the United States, each state has the power to define sexual violence. This results in 50 different definitions and 50 different approaches to sex education. Through a simple raise-your-hand exercise, only two students out of around 50 in attendance raised

their hands when asked if they had learned about sexual violence in high school. When asked if they had been taught where to report acts of sexual violence or how to seek therapy in high school, only one student raised their hand. The lecture room was stunned by the lack of sex education across the board. This quick exercise made the problems with sex education readily apparent and showed that private schooling and wealth largely determine one’s access to a comprehensive sex education. For example, the state of Kansas even turns down funds from the federal government for sex education, believing it to be detrimental to education and student lives. These factors, which individuals and young children have little to no control over, directly affect their lives and futures. “Even if we’re talking about [sexual violence], it doesn’t mean that sexual violence is stopping,” Banuelos said. “We have to get to a point where we move from discussion to actual action so that we can end violence.” The five determinants of health have the potential to move the conversation to action that will bear results. Banuelos stated that Ireland recently passed the decision to give paid time-off for sexual assault victims. This legislation provides victims with more economic stability so that they can go to the doctors and leave dangerous situations. Changing the U.S. education system would also positively impact society, as knowledge has life saving capabilities. “All people deserve access to health,” Banuelos said.

However, withholding education and knowledge prevents individuals from truly leading a healthy life. Education also enables individuals to understand how to proceed after sexual violence in order to be both physically and psychologically healthy. The public health model is another approach to ending sexual violence. By defining and monitoring the problem, the model identifies the risk and protective factors in order to strategically target norms. These factors don’t cause violence, however they increase the likelihood of a behavior and are useful to develop and test prevention strategies. Using evidence-based models to meet a community’s need and tools that are valid and reliable, sexual violence will hopefully come to an end. To have a widespread impact, these strategies need to have widespread adoption. Haven has applied the public health model to the way they interact with the Colgate community. Rates of sexual violence are higher at Colgate than the national average. First and second-year students, LGBTQ students and alcohol/substance use are the main risk factors of this campus. The protective factors include fun, safe and dry spaces for students. I’ve worked in public health before, but I’ve never seen the public health model used to explain sexual violence,” sophomore Alyssa Mast said. “I liked how they applied it to Colgate because a lot of people aren’t aware of it.” Some of the tested prevention strategies used at Colgate include Yes Means Yes and the Haven Ambassador Project. Colgate hopes to help other universities implement similar types of programs. “We don’t charge other institutions to use a curriculum. We promote what we’re doing and let other schools have access to the curriculum,” Banuelos said. Students at the event found it to be both interesting and enlightening. “I don’t think many people view sexual violence as a public health issue, but this presentation really brought to light that in reality it is,” first-year Jessica Livney said. “Sexual violence affects so many different populations, and viewing the issue from all these different contexts is so important to putting a stop to it. As a public health initiatives member, the presentation really inspired me to help combat sexual violence on campus.” Contact Lilley Salmon at lsalmon@colgate.edu.

Nate Jeffries

Picker Art Gallery Displays Works of Transatlantic Avant-Garde Artists

EXHIBITION TACKLES AVANT-GARDE: Students in the Transatlantic Avant-Gardes, 1880-1920 course helped create museum labels for avant-gardes art pieces in the Picker Art Gallery’s permanent collection.

By Sarah Speegle Maroon-News Staff

The current Transatlantic Avant-Gardes exhibition in the Picker Art Gallery displays a diverse collection that speaks to underexplored pieces of artwork and previously underrepresented student voices. The avant-garde art movement began in the 1850s and drastically transformed the art world. By pushing the limits of creativity and visualization, the avant-garde movement encouraged individuals to experiment with art and challenge traditional art processes and forms. Subsequently, avantgarde artists produced a variety of non-traditional work that was radically different from historical art pieces. Despite the avant-garde movement marking the beginning of a cultural revolution, this artistic period is often forgotten. Fortunately, in the fall 2018 semester, Colgate’s Art and Art History department emphasized the importance of the avant-garde movement by offering the course Transatlantic Avant-Gardes, 1880-1920 to students. Assistant Professor of Art and Art History Laura Moure-Cecchini’s class surveyed a wide variety of visual artworks from 1880 to 1920

and explored the exchange of artworks, ideas and artistic techniques between Europe, Africa and America. Throughout the course, students learned how art was radically transformed by industrialization, urbanization, political and social change, technological innovations and a growing consumer culture. These changes gave rise to the avant-garde movement and radically different artistic representations started to emerge. The culminating project of this course combined students’ knowledge of the avant-garde movement with artworks from the Picker Art Gallery’s permanent collection. Each student chose a specific piece from the Picker Art Gallery and conducted research about its artist, context and artistic technique. In order to locate this information, students utilized Colgate’s academic resources and examined the object files in the Picker Art Gallery archives. After thoroughly researching their artwork, students connected their findings with the material they learned in class and proceeded to write a short essay, catalog entry and museum label. The pieces of art that students chose for their projects are currently on display in the Picker Art Gallery. The wide range of differences between each of the selections

perfectly captures the flexibility of artistic creativity and expression during the avant-garde movement. On the one hand, a number of paintings on display play with the use of monotone colors and simple shapes. Other paintings use vibrant colors and intricate detail in order to portray similar images of people and landscapes in a different light. Furthermore, each painting is accompanied by a museum label written by the student who studied that specific artwork. Students used concise language in their museum labels in order to capture important details about the artwork within a small space. The information provided in the museum labels helps observers understand the historical context of each painting, the techniques each artist utilized and how each piece of art relates to the avant-garde movement. Overall, the Transatlantic Avant-Gardes exhibition in the Picker Art Gallery not only showcases a selection of pieces from the gallery’s permanent collection, but it also demonstrates the hard work that students put into their study of the avant-garde art movement. The exhibit will be on display through June 30. Contact Sarah Speegle at sspeegle@colgate.edu.


The Colgate Maroon-News

C-4 Arts & Features

April 11, 2019

Picker Art Gallery Hosts Luis Ortiz, Expert on Lee Brown Coye By Andrew Kish

Alex Gibson

Maroon-News Staff

LUIS ORTIZ: Colgate hosted Luis Ortiz, Art Historian and expert on the

work of Lee Brown Coye, an illustrator with a bizzare vintage style.

The Picker Art Gallery invited Luis Ortiz to present the work and biography of illustrator Lee Brown Coye on Thursday, April 4. Coye is best known for his balance of a bizarre macabre style with commercial sensibility. He settled in Hamilton, NY in 1959 where, upon his death, he left his works to Colgate and surrounding locals. Ortiz, the author of “Arts Unknown: The Life & Art of Lee Brown Coye” (2005), has dedicated his life to finding and compiling images while recounting the artist’s past. The talk consisted of a series of Coye’s images with commentary from Ortiz that left the audience in the dark about most of Coye’s life. Coye began his career illustrating for pulp fiction novels and horror magazines such as “Weird Tales.” This art consistently pushed boundaries, blurring the fine line between advertisement and contemporary art. Later in life, Coye pursued a less commercialized path. He left behind book covers for more personal motifs but never abandoned his technical training and eery subject matter. Coye’s art often depicted otherworldly beings or occult happenings but was never so ethereal as to limit experimentation. When Coye experimented with the medium of sculpture, he created a considerable number of benign whales. But his illustrations always harkened back to the supernatural and

grotesque images that populate stories by Poe and Lovecraft. On a fishing trip in a Hamilton forest, he stumbled across an unsettling configuration of sticks which he attributed to sinister origins. Almost all of his later art featured such sticks in an interlocking pattern. Coye’s artwork remains controversial for its uncanny imagery, but Ortiz left much unsaid about any individual piece. Coye’s art continues to remain unanalyzed and unaltered by the public eye as it has been for years. A laundry list of art, comparable to the prolific talent of Coye, weakened the importance of any one piece. The talk soon devolved into a barrage of haunting images that melded into one blight on the eyes and mind. “It was a lot to take in, especially for one talk. I don’t think I could name one piece because he just went through so many so quickly,” sophomore Michael Tom said. The event hosted an almost entirely silver-aged audience, equally captivated by their own conversations as the art and presenter. After the presentation, the audience was invited to join Ortiz for wine, cheese and engaging discussion. The Picker Art Gallery, home to over 2,300 of Coye’s works, plans to release a catalogue and exhibit of Coye’s artwork in 2020. Contact Andrew Kish at akish@colgate.edu.

By Ignacio Villar Maroon-News Staff

Colgate celebrated its Fourth Annual International Poetry Night in the Keck Center Lounge on Friday, April 5. The event featured special guest poet Yu Jian, a Chinese poet, writer and documentary film director. Yu Jian’s poem “Home,” written in cooperation with Colombia Professor Zhu Xiaoyang, won Taiwan’s 14th United Daily News New Poetry Prize in 2010, Taiwan’s Genesis Poetry Magazine Prize and the Lu Xun Literature Prize. Yu Jian’s work has been translated into 11 different languages. Yu Jian gave a reading the day before Poetry Night in Lathrop Hall. Yu Jian read a poem titled “He Is a Poet” as well as a collection of poems about Hamilton, New York from when Yu Jian visited 15 years ago. Yu Jian’s poetry focused on nature and the beauty of Colgate’s campus, as well as the “small town-ness” of Hamilton. Yu Jian’s poetry was written in Chinese and translated into English. His poem “Hamilton” was translated by alum John Cavanagh ’09 and reads as follows: “In remote Hamilton there is a room full of Chinese books Outside is a cabbage field and an abandoned railway

A

No way to know the origins of the books. Residents of this small town do not understand Chinese The moon on the fifteenth day of the eighth month always wants to illuminate the poetry of Li Bai By chance this white jade wine glass is placed on a shelf exactly where the moonlight can reach it.” On poetry night, students, faculty and staff read poetry, either original or published works, for those in attendance. Other students, faculty and staff wanting to be involved sent their poems along with, if needed, English translations to Nina Palisano, the Keck Center Office Manager. The poems were also projected. One well-received poem was chosen by Ines Boumedienne, the French Language Intern. She read “La courbe de tes yeux” (“The curve of your eyes”) by Paul Éluard. “I chose this poem because usually French poetry tackles sad and grave topics, for example Victor Hugo’s poems, but this one inspired me to see the beauty of women through the poet’s eyes. Women are depicted as a goddess able to create, and to do so the poet uses the four elements (air, fire, water and the earth). I also like this poem because it has a lot of

13 Beats of the Week

1. “Himalaya,” by Chance Emerson Written and performed by the next Ed Sheeran, this is a super relaxing song reminiscent of misty spring mornings.

Colgate Calendar

Poet Yu Jian Visits for International Poetry Night

INTERNATIONAL POETRY NIGHT: Poet Yu Jian read his poem “He Is a

Poet” to an audience of students, faculty and staff on Friday, April 5, for Colgate’s International Poetry Night.

figures of speech and every time you read that sort of poem again, you discover new aspects of it,” Boumedienne said. The event was co-sponsored by the the Department of East Asian Languages and Literature, the Bicentennial Committee, the Language Council, the Department of the Classics, the Department of Romance Languages and the Keck Center for Language Study. Contact Ignacio Villar at ivillar@colgate.edu.

Haley Fuller

contact Haley Fuller at hfuller@colgate.edu

8.“Hell No,” by Ingrid Michaelson This is my only reaction to last Friday’s snow…in April.

2. “Crazy Love,” by Audien This upbeat tune will hype you up for whatever plans you’re about to cancel.

9.“Bring It All Back,” by S Club 7 Undoubtedly the most underrated song of the late 90s. I highly recommend wearing butterfly hair clips and dancing around your bedroom belting this into a hairbrush.

3.“Boston,” by Augustana If you’re feeling a little angsty, listen to this sentimental tune about needing a fresh start.

10. “Dreaming,” by Smallpools If this song doesn’t give you the burst of energy you need to get out of bed or finish your mountain of work, I don’t know what will.

4.“Happier,” by Marshmello feat. Bastille Even though the lyrics are about having to leave someone you love so they can be happy, this beat is still an absolute bop. 5. “Fire,” by Sara Bareilles All the songs on Sara Bareilles’ “April 5” album are amazing. This one is more of a departure from her previous albums but with the same energy and raw emotion. 6.“Rise,” by Jonas Blue and Jack & Jack This song will help you rally for anything, whether it’s your 8:20 a.m. class or SPW. 7. “Kiss You While I Can,” by Rascal Flatts This tune feels like a summer day when you have absolutely no responsibilities or worries at all. I would recommend a listen when you’re daydreaming about life post-finals.

11. “Someone New,” by Hozier This one’s for everyone who’s constantly eyeing ~someone new~ on the dance floor or in lecture. 12.“Drunk Off Your Love,” by Shwayze and Cisco Adler feat. Sky Blu of LMFAO This tune will get you even more excited for the promise of warmer days outside, blasting music and chilling with friends. 13. “Same Drugs,” by Chance the Rapper A great listen while hanging out with friends or pretending to do your work for tomorrow.


APRIL 11, 2019

The Colgate Maroon-News

NATIONAL SPORTS S-6

Predicting NBA Regular Season Award Winners

Giannis can do both and at a very high level. He averages over a steal and block per game, and has the best defensive rating in the league. His ability to defend guards in pick-and-roll and play center in smaller lineups makes him a defensive Swiss-army knife. Other candidates: Paul George, Rudy Gobert, Joel Embiid.

By Matthew Frankle Maroon-News Staff

With the NBA regular season wrapping up and the playoffs beginning this Saturday, players across the league are making their final cases for awards. Here are my predictions for this season’s MVP, Rookie of the Year, Coach of the Year, Sixth Man, Defensive Player and Most Improved Player. MVP: James Harden The battle for MVP between Houston Rockets guard James Harden and Miluake Bucks forward Giannis Antetokounmpo has been one of the most exciting storylines of the season. While the “Greek Freak” has a strong case for the award with two-way dominance and averages of 27.7 points, 12.5 rebounds and 5.9 assists, while leading the Bucks to the best record in the NBA, Harden’s offensive dominance this season has been historic. The only players to average more than Harden’s 36.17 points per game in a season are Michael Jordan once and Wilt Chamberlain five times. Harden scored at least 50 points in a game nine different times this year; that number alone would place him top ten in most 50 point games in an entire career. His step back three point shot has become the most unstoppable move in basketball, and his strength and quickness allows him to create opportunities for himself and his teammates. Rookie of the Year: Luka Doncic This is the most interesting award race since the two front-runners, Doncic and Trae Young, were traded for each other the night of the NBA Draft. While Young has made a strong push toward the end of the season, Doncic has been well rounded as a scorer and playmaker all season. His average of 21.2 points leads all rookies, and his rebounding and assists are both second

Sixth Man of the Year: Lou Williams Williams has put together another outstanding season for the Clippers, leading them in scoring off the bench. While his scoring numbers are once again high, he is averaging a career high of 5.4 assists per game this season. His ability to come off the bench and provide instant offense to a team that lacks star-power is invaluable, and it is an opposing team’s worst nightmare whenever he sparks a quick run for the Clippers. Other candidates: Domantas Sabonis, Derrick Rose, Montrezl Harrell, Spencer Dinwiddie.

HOUSTON, WE HAVE A SOLUTION: Houston Rockets guard James Harden has made a strong case for his second straight NBA MVP selection as the season winds down. among rookies. He is already the face of the Mavericks, and Dallas fans are hoping he can lead them to postseason success in the future. Coach of the Year: Doc Rivers The Clippers became the forgotten team in Los Angeles when LeBron James joined the Lakers, but now they are going to the playoffs while the Lakers are not. They have found success in spite of trading their best player, Tobias Harris, to Philadelphia. Rivers has gotten the

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most out of players like Lou Williams, Danilo Gallinari and Montrezl Harrell. The Clippers have outperformed their preseason Vegas projection of 35.5 wins. Other notable candidates: Mike Budenholzer, Steve Clifford, Mike Malone, Kenny Atkinson. Defensive Player of the Year: Giannis Antetokounmpo Some players excel as rim protectors, others are skilled at defending the perimeter, but

Most Improved Player: D’Angelo Russell In 2017, Lakers President of Basketball Operations, Magic Johnson, gave up on Russell after two seasons and traded him to Brooklyn as part of a salary dump, citing Russell’s lack of leadership. Two years later, Russell is a first-time NBA All-Star and has become the best player on a Nets team that has its sights set on the playoffs, which few predicted before the season. He is averaging career highs in scoring, three-point percentage,and assists, and has had a knack for knocking down clutch shots all season long. Russell has proven to players, coaches and fans that he can be a star player in this league. Other Candidates: Pascal Siakam, De’Aaron Fox. Contact Matthew Frankle at mfrankle@colgate.edu.


S-5 NATIONAL SPORTS

The Colgate Maroon-News

APRIL 11, 2019

Carl Braun ’49 Elected into Basketball Hall of Fame Remembering the New Yorker’s Historic Career and Legacy

A RAIDER TO REMEMBER: Guard Carl Braun, Colgate class of 1949 (bottom, third from right), poses for a preseason photo with his New York Knicks teammates ahead of the 1958-1959 season. Because of his NBA stardom in the 1950s, Braun was recently elected posthumously to the Basketball Hall of Fame as part of the 2019 induction class nasljerseys.com

By Eric Fishbin National Sports Editor

The Direct Elect Members Veterans Committee elected guard Carl Braun (’49) into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame posthumously on April 6. The 2019 Hall of Fame Enshrinement Ceremony Presented by Nike will take place at the Springfield Symphony Hall on September 6. Having been born in Brooklyn, raised on Long Island and educated in upstate New York, it seems Braun could only have signed with the New York Knicks after being passed over by eight teams in the 1947 Basketball Association of America (BAA) Draft. The undrafted dual-sport ball handler out of Colgate University made his professional debut on November 13, 1947 against the Washington Capitals, scoring 14 points in a 80-65 win. Wasting no time, Braun led the Knicks in scoring with 14.3 points per game in his rookie season and was named to the All-BAA Second Team. Consistent and reliable as the general of the floor, Braun played in all but one game in his first campaign. The Knicks reached the postseason, but fell to the Washington Bullets (who would go on to win the BAA Finals) two games to one in the first round. But before he made a name for himself in Manhattan, he was working on his game in Huntington Gymnasium, where today’s Colgate basketball players and frat stars enjoy intramural bouts in the hours after classes let out and before the bars open. Imagine it, snowy Hamilton in mid-winter and Braun is working on his game. He’s shooting mid-rangers, but he’s not alone! Who is there to grab his rebound but Colgate classmate and future Knicks teammate guard Ernie Vandeweghe. Man, that would be a crazy game of H.O.R.S.E.

Braun and Vandeweghe shared the backcourt in Hamilton from 1945 to 1947 and for the Knicks from 1949 to 1950 and 1952 to 1956. Braun missed two years between 1950 and 1952 due to military service, but returned to Vandeweghe’s side and made five consecutive all-star games, averaging 14.6 points in that span. By the end of his career, Braun was a two-time All-BAA/NBA player who logged 788 games. He made history from start to finish. Braun scored the most points ever in a BAA game in his rookie season (47 against the Steamrollers on December 6, 1947), and he was the first and only player-coach in Knicks franchise history (from 1949 to 1951). Though Braun reached the finals with the Knicks in 1953, a title eluded the New Yorker during his 12 seasons at the Garden, as it has for so many. But, in his last and lucky 13th season, he captured a ring in the 1961-62 NBA season with Bill Russell and Bob Cousy in Boston. That Celtics team, coached by the legendary Red Auerbach, went 60-20 in the regular season and finished first in the Eastern Conference. In the NBA Finals, they stormed back from a 3-2 deficit to beat the Los Angeles Lakers in a thrilling seven-game series. Though Braun’s induction was long overdue, the impact on his family, Colgate alumni and the basketball program is not lost. “It is important to understand and recognize that we represent those who came before us and are paving the way for those who will someday sit in our chairs and wear our shoes. Even though Carl’s Colgate and NBA career were during a time that we don’t know firsthand, his achievements are now acknowledged at the highest level, something Colgate and our Colgate Basketball Family will be proud of forever,” two-time Patriot League Coach

of the Year Matt Langel said. When she heard the news of Carl’s induction, Joan Braun told the New York Post she was thrilled because she knew how much basketball meant to her late husband. “People need to know your father loved the game so much that he would’ve paid the Knicks for the privilege of playing pro basketball,” Joan told Mike Vaccaro of The New York Post via a phone call with her daughter, Susan. The news also caught the attention of journalist and basketball fan Howard Fineman ’70. “A great run for my college’s 119-yearold men’s basketball program. @ColgateMBB compiled a record 24 wins, won the @PatriotLeague title, played [Tennessee] tough in @marchmadness. Now the @NaismithHall is posthumously inducting Colgate (and NBA) 40s-50s star Carl Braun into HOF,” Fineman tweeted. More than just Braun’s family and Colgate alumni can claim pride in his election to the Hall. Loyalty is unwavering among New York sports fans, and so is their memory, for better or worse. A special thing about being a New York sports fan is that most of the hometown teams have been around for three or four generations. And though super teams have lured younger fans away, I’d say most of us are still rooting for our grandpa’s favorite baseball team. Who does not love a good “When I saw Seaver pitch” story? I can’t wait to tell the next generations about seeing games at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum. When Braun was inducted to the Hall of Fame this past Saturday, joining fellow former two-sport athlete, Colgate Athletic Director and vice-president of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) William Reid ’18 as the second Colgate Raider in Springfield, Massachusetts, maybe there were grandparents, perhaps alumni, calling

their grandchildren to share nostalgic memories of seeing him play. Maybe they remember walking into the old cigarette-clouded Madison Square Garden and watching Carl Braun go 1616 from the line and score 44 against the St. Louis Hawks on February 27, 1956. Kids playing pick-up games in New York City grow up imitating their favorite NBA stars on the court and dreaming of playing in the league. “It’s always been a dream of mine to go play in the NBA. I want to be able to represent NYC everywhere I go because it is such a special place,” Colgate junior forward and New York City native Will Rayman said. Rayman, the former Patriot League Rookie of the Year, averaged 13.1 points per game and 6.5 rebounds per game in his junior year and was named to the Patriot League All-Defensive Team and Patriot League All-Tournament Team. When Carl Braun was elected to the Hall of Fame this past weekend, Rayman said he felt honored once again. Curiously, in a bicentennial year that has been full of memory on Colgate’s campus, basketball reemerged to the forefront of the school’s identity. Marching through Patriot League competition into the Madness, the team reached the Big Dance for the first time since Adonal Foyle was blocking shots into the fourth row of Cotterell Court in the Reid Athletic Center and gave Tennessee a tough first round match up. “The timing of Carl’s induction is very fitting as it adds even more to what has been such a special year in Colgate Basketball history,” Langel said. Now that the season is done, it is time to turn to next year and look to continue to build upon past success. Contact Eric Fishbin at efishbin@colgate.edu.


APRIL 11, 2019

National Sports

S-4

The Colgate Maroon-News

’Gate’s Takes on the World of Sports

Seahawks’ Russell Wilson Sets Deadline for Contract Talks By Zachary Schiller Assistant National Sports Editor

Russell Wilson has had enough. After ongoing contract discussions with the Seattle Seahawks have yielded little to no process, Wilson is putting his foot down. The quarterback has announced a selfimposed deadline of April 15 to reach a contract extension with the team, the start of the Seahawks’ voluntary workouts. If no deal is reached, Wilson is willing to play out the final year of his contract and enter next offseason as an unrestricted free agent. Players playing out the final year of their contract without an extension is not an uncommon practice in the NFL. However, when it comes to a top ten quarterback in the league such as Wilson, teams rarely, if ever, reach this position with their quarterback. An elite starting quarterback is one of, if not the most valued positions in all of sports, and teams who do not have one are always trying to find one no matter the price. This is what makes the Seahawks ‘standoff with Wilson all the more peculiar. With new deals in the past few years for quarterbacks like Matthew Stafford, Derek Carr, Alex Smith and even Joe Flacco dwarfing his current average yearly value of his contract (just under $22 million), Wilson feels that he deserves a raise. His numbers and career accolades certainly back up that sentiment. Wilson has been named to the Pro Bowl in five of his eight seasons, threw a career high number of touchdowns last season and has won a Super Bowl among other career accomplishments.

WAITING ON A PAY DAY: As one of the top quarterbacks in the NFL, Russell Wilson has made it clear that he thinks he deserves just as much money as other recently signed quarterbacks, such as Joe Flacco, Derek Carr, Alex Smith and Matthew Stafford. Wilson and his representatives will most likely be looking for a deal that surpasses Packers quarterback Aaron Rodgers’ $33.5 million annual average, which would make Wilson the highest paid player in the history of the NFL. Despite his numerous accolades and leadership presence in the locker room, Wilson and the Seahawks have thus far been unable to reach an agreement on a contract extension. In the past, general manager John Schneider and head coach Pete Carroll have built their team centered around a dominant defense and a punishing rushing attack, which led them to their Super

Bowl victory in 2014. However, with the departure of the Seahawks’ famed Legion of Boom (Richard Sherman, Earl Thomas and Kam Chancellor) and running back Marshawn Lynch in recent years, the attention has rightfully shifted to Wilson. He is the heartbeat of the Seahawks, and his propensity to bail the team out of seemingly hopeless situations time and time again with his scrambling ability and great decision making has made him one of the top quarterbacks in the league and an invaluable piece to the success of the Seahawks. If the team and Wilson are ultimately unable to come to an agreement on a

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contract extension before Wilson’s April 15 deadline, the Seahawks run the risk of having to use the franchise tag on him next offseason, which is currently projected at $30.3 million, or let him walk away in free agency. With the draft happening soon, the Seahawks could also look to take a quarterback depending on how talks with Wilson progress over the next week. Time is slipping away for Wilson and the Seahawks to reach a deal, as the future of both the franchise and its star quarterback hang in the balance. Contact Zachary Schiller at zschiller@colgate.edu.

Previewing the Champions League Quarter Final Matchups By Benjamin Polikoff Maroon-News Staff

As we move deeper into the spring, we see the emergence of knockout soccer with the UEFA Champions League. Currently, the UEFA Champions League is in the quarter finals. There are four matchups that contain teams from England, The Netherlands, Spain, Italy and Portugal. From England, we contain the four headed monster of Manchester City, Tottenham, Liverpool and Manchester United. From Italy we have the giants from Turin, Juventus, led by the all time leading scorer in the Champions League, Cristiano Ronaldo. Another contender is the Catalan giants, FC Barcelona, where Lionel Messi will look to cement his legacy as the best to ever play the sport. Then, we have the underdogs who will represent the Netherlands and Portugal. Porto and Ajax both had come-frombehind victories to put them in the last eight of the Champions League. The first matchup on April 9 features Liverpool against Porto. Both of these teams are coming off season changing victories: Liverpool beat Bayern Munich and Porto beat AS Roma. Liverpool is the clear favorite in this tier. However, it’s essential that they don’t take Porto lightly. Porto has shown their ability to battle through adversity, and they will be looking for revenge since Liverpool knocked them out last year. The big three of Mane, Salah and Firmino will be very hard for Porto to contain. Liverpool will have too much fire power and strength

YOU CAN’T BEAT BARCA: Led by legendary winger Lionel Messi, FC Barcelona will look to regain its former Champions League prowess with a win against formidable Manchester United, who Barcelona will face in the quarter finals on April 10. goal.com going forward for Porto. I see Liverpool winning comfortably in this draw with a draw on the road and a commanding victory at Anfield. Later in the day, we see a battle between Premier League foes, Manchester City and Tottenham. Manchester City is currently a team in form and will look to complete their potential history-making treble. Tottenham, lead by Harry Kane, will look to try and make a deep Champions League run with hopes of winning to avoid a lengthy top four race with Arsenal, Chelsea and Manchester United. This will be an extremely competitive and enticing game. I see Manchester City being too

strong for Tottenham and winning both legs comfortably and advancing into the semi finals. The most enticing game of the quarter finals would have to be the battle between Manchester United and Barcelona on April 10. Here we see a Barcelona team that has struggled to meet their expectations in the Champions League. The last two years they have made it no further than the quarter finals, suffering a crushing loss last year to AS Roma. Manchester United’s form has dropped recently after Ole Gunnar Solskjaer led them to a flying start in the first 15 games as manager. Manchester United

have already exceeded expectations by making it to the quarter finals. The upset victory over PSG was a monumental victory that gave Ole Gunnar Solskjaer the promotion of permanent manager. This should be a high scoring affair as both teams are very attack-minded and really struggle with their back lines. In this matchup, I see Barcelona advancing in a affair that definitely won’t lack offense. It will come down to which defense can limit the damage most. Contact Benjamin Polikoff at bpolikoff@colgate.edu.


S-3 Colgate Sports

The Colgate Maroon-News

April 11, 2019

Women’s Lacrosse Topples Lehigh

Raiders Dominate Hawks in Second Half to Take Win By Le xi Luthringer Maroon-News Staff

The Women’s Lacrosse team advanced to 3-2 in the Patriot League after an impressive second-half run in a win over the Lehigh Mountain Hawks on Saturday, April 6. While Lehigh put up a tough battle in the first half, ending in a 3-3 tie, Colgate was able to dominate during the second half, ending the game 16-4. The Raiders ended Lehigh’s hopes of making postseason play, also ruining their threeyear streak of being ranked as the third seed in the league. Lehigh’s methodical offense was able to start the contest with a 2-0 lead over the Colgate. The Raiders’ first goal of the game did not come until just 7:23 remained in the first half when sophomore midfielder Annelise Kotz netted a goal off an assist from senior attacker Tara Atkinson. Sophomore attacker Kyra Weiner and first-year midfielder Jacklyn Hooey both added points for the Raiders, bringing the score to 3-2. Lehigh’s leading point scorer, sophomore midfielder Sandra Dickery, scored unassisted to end the first half tied. Despite the close match in the beginning of the game, the Raiders were able to gain momentum early in the second half. Junior attacker Lindsay West scored the first three goals of the second half. Eight minutes in, Lehigh was able to capitalize on an opportunity to put away their only goal for the rest of the game. Kotz and junior midfielder Noelle Patterson were both able to score off of assists from Weiner. Atkinson also tallied three more assists in the second half, feeding Hooey and sophomore attacker Danielle Van Calcar three times. First-year midfielder Cece Telesco tallied her first career goal while senior Kara Marzo scored the final goal of the game, her first of the season and the second of her career. Atkinson finished the day with six assists and now leads the team with 35 points on the season. Van Calcar also had an impressive performance with three goals and two assists, her fifth multi goal contest of the season. West finished with four goals and checked off her third hat trick of the season. The Colgate defense also had a strong game and held a team to under five goals for the first time this season. The Raiders only let up one goal in the second half, keeping the Mountain Hawks scoreless for 23 minutes. Junior goalkeeper Samantha Croston saved seven of Lehigh’s shots for the day. “We knew this game was going to be a big one and we worked so hard this week preparing for Lehigh. We were able to come up with some great stops on defense and then we capitalized on the offense.” Atkinson said of the teams play.

Women’s Lax: The Raiders used a massive second half to break a halftime tie and take a victory. Colgate Athletics

“Saturday was a huge team win! Lehigh is one of our biggest rivals, so it was awesome that we were able to pull away in the second half. The overall energy was amazing from the bench to everyone who stepped on the field. We’re really excited to carry this over into Saturday’s game against American,” Van Calcar said. Colgate remains fourth ranked in the Patriot League and will continue Patriot League play next weekend against American University in Washington on Saturday, April 13 at 1 p.m. Contact Lexi Luthringer at lluthringer@colgate.edu.


April 11, 2019

The Colgate Maroon-News

Colgate Sports S-2

Women’s Tennis Ends Season, Men Have Bye Week Raiders Lose to Binghamton but Bounce Back Against Rochester By Ignacio Villar Maroon-News Staff

With the last weekend of regular season play before the Patriot League Tournament on April 25 through April 28, the Colgate Women’s Tennis team split their final weekend. The team suffered a close loss on Saturday, April 6 against Binghamton before bouncing back against Rochester on Sunday, April 7, with a dominant win. On Saturday, the Raiders lost a close duel 4-3 against the Bearcats at J.W. Abrahamson Courts in Hamilton, despite winning the opening double’s team point. Junior Lauren O’Brien and first-year Madi Kiani won 6-2 with sophomore Callie Bartimer and first-year Ricki Lane winning the other match 6-2, as well to secure the double’s point. O’Brien carried on her strong play into number three singles, winning her match in the full three sets. First-year Nicole Condas won Colgate’s third team point in number six singles in straight sets. This was not enough, though, as Bartimer narrowly lost her match by a 7-5, 3-6, 6-7 final. “Gritty match today for the ladies being a hair away from the win. O’Brien continued her streak in getting wins in both doubles and singles. Also, congrats to Condas with a clean singles win and Lane for winning her debut in doubles,” assistant coach Jordan Rucks said. The Raiders quickly recovered in their regular season finale, with a straight sweep in doubles securing Colgate all three team points. The doubles teams were sophomore MacKenzie Deeter and junior Jordan Williams, O’Brien and Kiani and Bartimer and Lane. Deeter carried over her momentum into number one singles, winning her match with a 6-2, 6-1 final. Williams continued the strong day for the Raiders by winning her number singles match with a 7-5, 6-2 final. O’Brien was

then able to end the weekend undefeated, winning number three singles with a 6-3, 6-7 and 10-5 final. Bartimer won number five singles in straight sets with a 6-0, 6-1 final. Condas also won number six single’s in straight sets, with a 6-1, 6-2 final. “Great match today for the ladies! We’re ending it on a serious high note with an 8-1 win over a much improved Rochester team. Game ball goes to O’Brien who won her seventh straight match in single and doubles combined,” Rucks said. The Raiders will next play in the postseason, taking place at Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania from April 25-28. The Raiders ended the regular season with a 5-14 overall record and a 2-4 conference record, but have the chance to start anew come the Patriot League Tournament. Meanwhile, the Men’s Tennis Team had a bye week. Their regular season will continue and finish this upcoming weekend, April 12 and April 14, with duels against Bucknell and Boston University. Both matches are scheduled to be played at the J.W. Abrahamson Courts. The Raiders last played Bucknell in last year’s Patriot League Tournament, winning 4-2. The last time the Raiders played Boston University was in 2017. The Raiders lost that Patriot League matchup 2-4 against the Terriers. Current Raiders that played during that duel are now-seniors Alec Dardis and Noah Rosenblat and now-junior Kun Tan. Dardis dropped his number six singles matchup, while Rosenblat did not finish his number four single’s matchup. Tan won his number three doubles matchup. The Raiders will be entering the weekend with a 7-11 overall record and a 2-1 conference record. Both of the weekend’s duels will be Patriot League play. Contact Ignacio Villar at ivillar@colgate.edu

WOMEN’S TENNIS: Despite a loss on Saturday, the Raiders bounced back against Rochester on Sunday. Colgate Athletics

Man Overboard: Men’s Lax Loses to Navy Raiders Squander Late Lead in Loss to Midshipmen

By Lexi Luthringer Maroon-News Staff

On Saturday, April 6, the Colgate Raiders faced the Navy Midshipmen on their home turf in Hamilton. Entering the game with a 3-6 record, 1-3 in conference, they hoped to improve their record with a win against their Patriot League foe. The Midshipmen scored the first two goals of the competition, but Colgate answered with a goal by junior midfielder Griffin Brown assisted by sophomore attacker Jimmy Caddigan with nine minutes remaining in the quarter. Navy responded with two more goals, which were followed by senior attacker Sam Cleveland’s goal with only nine seconds remaining in the quarter, assisted by firstyear attacker Brian Minicus. The second quarter saw four goals scored by both Navy and Colgate, making the score MEN’S LAX: The Raiders were outscored 7-0 in the final quarter and fell 16-11 to Navy. 8-6 in favor of the Midshipmen entering Colgate Athletics halftime. Freshman attacker Brendan Jordan Unfortunately, their lead quickly escaped their grasp, as Navy “We plan to continue to work on [their] transition defense, face-offs… scored his first career goal with the other tal- continued to place their shots in the back of the net. The Raiders and [on] giving up too many shots in the dead center of the field, coming lies being credited to Brown, senior attacker were outscored in the fourth quarter 7-0 by the Midshipmen, from the invert or behind,” head coach Matt Kaweck said. Dunkin Hoskinson and junior midfielder making the final score of the competition 16-11. These points of improvement, he believes, will prepare the team for the Parker Baddley. Despite their ultimate loss, the Raiders did record some great fierce competition that they will be up against when they take the field The Raiders left halftime fueled with the statistical feats. Cleveland, Brown and Baddley all recorded two against Holy Cross. energy to win, proving it to their fans with goals each. Additionally, Minicus recorded four assists for the game, “[The team is] always developing, that’s what I told the guys down in two quick goals to kick off the second half, which were the first of his career. Further, the Raiders recorded a the locker room. Every game, win or lose, we have to get better, so we are scored by Caddigan and Minicus. Their two team high of 50 shots in the competition. going to keep our focus on that,” Karweck said. goals tied the score at 8-8, and the Raiders The loss moved the Raiders’ record to 3-7 overall, and 1-4 in The game against Holy Cross will begin at 1 p.m. on Saturday, April took the lead with three more goals to close conference, earning them the seventh seed in the Patriot League. 13, in Worcester, MA. The game will be streamed online by the Patriot out the third quarter up 11-9. The three Next week, they will face the Holy Cross Crusaders in a match that League Network, so be sure to support the Raiders! goals were scored by sophomore attacker is crucial to their playoff pursuit. The Crusaders are currently 5-5 Contact Lexi Luthringer Bobby Goggin, Cleveland and Baddley. overall and 2-3 in the Patriot League, the sixth seed in the league. at lluthringer@colgate.edu.


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April 11, 2019

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INSIDE:

Women’s & Men’s Tennis S-2

Women’s Lax S-3

Champions League S-4

NBA Awards S-6

Colgate Athletics

Softball Sweeps Army, Moves to Third in Patriot League Raiders Dominate Black Knights in League Play

By Liv Fitzgerald Maroon-News Staff

Colgate Women’s Softball was on a roll this past weekend, April 6 and 7. The team had a three-game sweep against Army, marking its first season sweep against the Black Knights since 2015. Colgate Softball proved that they are a force to be reckoned with and made quite the name for themselves in the Patriot League. On Saturday, the back-to-back games ended with the Raiders beating the Black Knights 10-9 in eight innings followed by another victory for the Raiders in the second game, finishing with a final score of 4-3. The third game on Sunday ended with a solid 4-2 triumph. The Raiders’ first game against the Black Knights ended with a nail-biting finish. They had built up a significant lead against Army, 9-5, but one of the Black Knights, Ally Snelling, hit a threerun homer to close the gap to a 9-8 lead

for the Raiders. For Army, infielder Taylor Livingston tied the game up with two-out singles to send the game into extra innings. Junior pitcher Jessica Hay won the game for Colgate by pitching a scoreless eighth inning. Senior infielder and outfielder Meghan Romero and junior infielder Nicole Rounsavill went 3-for-5 at bat. Junior catcher and utility Virginia Irby reached base five times. Four Raiders had impressive multi-hit performances in the opening game. The second game started with a motivated surge of energy from Army, making it a 0-2 game early on. Colgate could not get hits off at the beginning, but by the time the sixth inning rolled around, Irby began a hitting streak for the Raiders. Junior utility Cayman Coughlin stepped up to bat soon after and hit a two-run single to tie the game up. At the bottom of the sixth, Army fought its way to the 3-2 lead. Starting the seventh, first-year infielder Morgan

Farrah hit a homerun to make it a tied game again. Building off Farrah’s momentum, Irby scored another run to secure Colgate’s first lead of the game. The 4-3 game ended with a gritty win for the Raiders. The final game played on Sunday started off slow for both teams, with neither team scoring until the third inning. Colgate managed to get the first run and use their adrenaline to their advantage. Junior outfielder Jordan Miller made a sacrifice fly in the third inning to create a 2-0 lead for the Raiders. Soon after, Army managed to squeeze a run into the third. Motivated to keep their lead, the Raiders pulled out all the stops. First-year outfielder Rebecca Johnson batted a single to the right field, allowing Coughlin to capitalize on her position on third base to score a run. Coughlin’s run made it a 3-2 game for the Raiders. The Colgate team was feeding off each teammate’s adrenaline and you could see

it in their determined performance. Miller scored at the top of the fifth to bring it to a tworun lead again. This ended the scoring streak, making it a 4-2 victory for the Raiders. The Raiders finished the weekend with three very impressive performances against their respectable Patriot League opponent. Colgate’s resilient softball team has won five of their past six games, putting them in good shape for games to follow this weekend. The Raiders should be feeling pretty good after their threegame sweep weekend going into this week’s games. The Raiders next games will be a Patriot League series at Boston University on Saturday and Sunday, April 13 and 14. The teams next home game will be on Wednesday, April 17 when they host Syracuse in Hamilton. The Raiders are third in the Patriot League so far after finishing last just two years ago. Contact Liv Fitzgerald at ofitzgerald@colgate.edu.

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