Tips and Tricks to Tune your Instrument like a Pro This tuning technique applies to violins and violas. There are many ways to make sure your instrument is properly in tune, the easiest of these ways is to use a tuner. However, although this way is very effective, it does not allow your ear grow to listening for intonation, instead you end up relying on a machine. This blog will teach you what to listen for and how to tune your violin or viola. First, mainly for beginners, it is important to know the note names of your strings. For violin, the highest string (closest to your right arm) is E, then going left from that is A, D, and G. For viola the highest string is the A then it is D, G, and C. In order to properly tune the entire instrument by ear, you must have a starting pitch to relate the pitch you are listening for. You may use a pitch pipe or tuner tone. If you are unsure or not accustomed to tuning by ear, you may use a tuner to first tune your A‐string (this applies to both instruments). You tune your A‐string first because it is the concert pitch given when tuning. Once your A‐string is completely in tune, then play both the A and D‐strings together. The best way to tell if the D‐ string is in tune is to listen for beats in the tone. If both of the tones together hum, then they are in tune, if there are beats in the sound, then the D‐string is out of tune. Now, on the violin and viola there are fine tuners, near the bridge, that adjust the pitch of individual string, but fine tuners adjust the pitch in small increments. Whereas, there are pegs, by the scroll of the instrument, that adjust the pitch of the string in large increments. When adjusting the E‐string for simple tuning, you always use the fine tuners because the E‐string is the most delicate string and the one that is most prone to breaking. However, the easiest way to get a string in tune using relative pitch of another string is to adjust the string using the peg. By doing this, twist the peg so the string becomes flat, or loose, then slow bring the peg to sharpen the string and you will be able to hear the pitch difference and you will be able to hear the difference of the beats in the pitch and when the pitch finally hums. This is to be applied to all string and voila, your instrument will be in tune and tuned like a professional!