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communities to form the Chittenden County Regional Stormwater Education program, in an effort to educate the greater community about stormwater runoff. The Town has developed several action plans regarding stormwater, including a stormwater management plan, an illicit discharge detection plan, and a stormwater outfall assessment plan. Some of the various on-going actions the Town has taken to ensure against stormwater becoming a threat to public health, the environment, and the economy of the community include water quality monitoring, a water quality hotline for anonymous reporting of pollution issues, storm drain stenciling, the implementation of various ordinances, and, most recently, a stormwater utility. The Town’s stormwater utility, formed in 2017, is a key component of the Town’s overall Clean Water Initiative. In 2009, the Town received a $1.5 million federal grant to study water quality issues in Colchester. This four-year study, known as the Integrated Water Resources Management Plan, included sixteen public meetings and produced several key recommendations. One of those recommendations was to create

and adopt a Stormwater Utility as outlined in the Stormwater Utility Feasibility Study. The utility takes care of the community’s stormwater system, and charges all properties a user fee based upon the amount of stormwater they create. The amount of stormwater created is based on how much impervious surface there is on a property, though all properties pay a fee, even if vacant. The stormwater utility will assist in identifying stormwater improvements throughout the community, as well as improving maintenance and tracking of these facilities. In 2018, the Town began a town-wide condition assessment of its stormwater infrastructure. It is anticipated that this assessment will provide information for the development of a capital funding program for future stormwater investments during the term of this plan. The Town has adopted Chapter 18 of the Colchester Code of Ordinance regulating stormwater. This regulation ensures that projects which can impact water quality but do not trigger State review are reviewed at the local level for stormwater management and erosion control. New stormwater treatment

facilities that treat runoff from public infrastructure constructed as a part of developments are required to enter into co-applicant agreements with the Town to define responsibilities, ownership, and permitting obligations. The Town is continually seeking methods to effectively and efficiently treat stormwater. To this extent, environmentally friendly and less harmful alternatives to pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers should be used wherever practical in maintenance of town-owned properties and roadways.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS Telecommunications facilities in Colchester include Consolidated Communications copper phone lines, Consolidated Communications Digital Subscriber Loop (DSL), Comcast Cable TV and internet, satellite television and radio, various wireless (cellular) service antennas, and shortwave radio frequencies operated by amateur operators and emergency services. There are also radio and television broadcasting facilities within Colchester that broadcast on both AM and FM frequencies and use microwave communications as well as larger broadcast towers. Appendices Map 8 Utilities details the locations of these facilities and DSL coverage. As telecommunications continue to become a vital part of everyday functions, both at home and at work, pressures to increase the speed, reliability, and affordability of these networks will continue to escalate. Northwest Vermont is currently served by one internet transmission line originating to the south. On a local level, there are several isolated pockets of Colchester that are currently not served by high-speed internet, cellular, or other wireless service. The Town has advocated for service for the entire community and continues to support improvements to the communication infrastructure,

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Profile for colchestervt

Town of Colchester's 2019 Town Plan  

The Town of Colchester's 2019 Town Plan is the long-term (20+ year) plan for the community that, while primarily focusing on land use, provi...

Town of Colchester's 2019 Town Plan  

The Town of Colchester's 2019 Town Plan is the long-term (20+ year) plan for the community that, while primarily focusing on land use, provi...