Issuu on Google+

Roman Battle Tactics & Weaponry


Gladius •

Main weapon

Used for stabbing through chainmail

Best suited for short range combat


http://www.trueswords.com

Pilum •

Hand held spear

Tip would crumple upon impact

Drew inspiration from Greek phalanx


http://romanmilitary.net/tools/

Pugio •

Standard sidearm

•

Best used for stabbing at very close range


http://www.swordsmith.net/roman.html

Spatha •

Primary weapon for cavalrymen

1 meter in length

Replaces the gladius throughout the infantry


http://armor.com/custom902.html

The Tortoise •

Protection from projectiles

•

Curvature of the shields allowed great visibility without sacrificing much defense


http://www.roman-empire.net/army/testudo.html

The Orb •

Implemented when surrounded

Enemies kept at bay by the reach of the soldiers’ sword or spear


http://www.roman-empire.net/army/orb.html

Cavalry Repulsion •

Front line would force a horse to stop advancing

•

Second line would launch spears at all who came too close to the formation


•

Multiple waves of cavalry would push the first lines into the spears

http://www.roman-empire.net/army/repel-cavalry.html

The Wedge •

Designed to break enemy front lines


Legionnaires behind wedge formations would push the formation forward

http://www.roman-empire.net/army/wedge.html

Skirmishing •

Allowed greater mobility of individuals

Used primarily by Velites


•

Used to hurl spears at large groups of enemies in front of the main infantry, and to clear out enemy skirmishers

http://www.roman-empire.net/army/skirmishing.html

Marching Formation •

Entire legion marched single file and the line could stretch for miles


Flankers on all sides protect the formation from enemy attacks

Formation led by cavalry, with cavalry at the end as well

http://romanmilitary.net/strategy/legform/

Works Cited •

Cowan, R. (Jul 24, 2007) Roman Battle Tactics 109 B.C.- A.D. 313, Westminster, MD, Osprey Publishing -Used for descriptions of formations

“Formations of the legion”, Victory-The Roman Military-Strategies & Tactics, retrieved 3/26/14, http://romanmilitary.net/strategy/legform/ -Used for descriptions and pictures of weapons

Joseph Campanella (Narrator), (1999), The Roman War Machine (Documentary), United States: History Channel -Used for descriptions of formations, and weapons

“Tactics”, Illustrated History of The Roman Empire, retrieved 3/26/14, www.roman-empire.net -Used for descriptions of formations


Roman battle tactics final