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GESPIN – GESTURE & SPEECH IN INTERACTION – Poznań, 24-26 September 2009

Grounding by nodding Harry Bunt Tilburg Center for Creative Computing Tilburg University, the Netherlands

Abstract In this paper I will present some of the background and theoretical motivations behind the DIT++ taxonomy of communicative functions, developed over the years within the semantic framework of Dynamic Interpretation Theory, and its applications in dialogue analysis, dialogue annotation, and dialogue systems. I will pay particular attention to the application of DIT++ in: ‐ a recently started effort of the International Organization for Standardization ISO to develop an international standard for (multimodal) dialogue act annotation, as part of a larger project to establish standards for semantic annotation and representation; ‐ a recent study of the multifunctionality of dialogue utterances, i.e., the phenomenon that utterances in dialogue tend to have multiple communicative functions, and the implications of the results of this study for a computational model of grounding in dialogue.

Bibliography Bunt, H. 2000. Dialogue pragmatics and context specification. In: Bunt, H., Black, W. (eds.) Abduction, Belief and Context in Dialogue. Amsterdam: Benjamins. pp. 81–150. Bunt, H., 2009. Multifunctionality and multidimensional dialogue semantics. In: Proceedings of DiaHolmoa, the 2009 Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue, Stockholm, June 2009, pp. 3-14. Bunt, H., 2009. The DIT+ taxonomy for functional dialogue markup. In: Proceedings of the EDAML@AAMAS 2009 Workshop”Towards Standard Markup Language for Embodied Conversational Agents”, Budapest, May 2009, pp. 13-24. Bunt, H., S. Keizer, and Morante, R. 2007. An empirically-based computational model of grounding in dialogue. In: Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2009 Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4629. Berlin: Springer, pp. 591-598. ISO, 2009. Language resource management - Semantic annotation framework, Part 2: Dialogue acts. ISO document TC 37/SC 4 N442 rev 04, June 2009, Geneva: International Organization for Standardization pp. 1-64.