Page 1

PROGRAMME 16 - 18 October 2019

School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape


FOREWORD Farm workers are an integral part of South Africa's economy and food system. Yet they are often food insecure themselves, marginalised and vulnerable to exploitation. It is tragic and outrageous that the people who produce the food that we eat in South Africa are most likely to go hungry. Some people think that this issue can only be resolved by redistributing land. Others think that wages must improve. But nobody has really engaged with farm workers themselves about what they would like to see for their future. This is why this National Conference on The Future of Farm Workers in South Africa is necessary; to engage as farm workers, civil society organisations, academics, activists, farmers and government officials, to create a vision for what the future of farm workers could be. By design, the conference kicks off on World Food Day on 16 October. Agricultural employment is concentrated at specific times of year, and as a result farm workers face an under-reported crisis of underemployment and seasonal hunger. Since 1994, pro-farm worker legislation has provided some protection to these workers, but it has also been associated with violations of labour rights and an accelerating pace of evictions and casualisation. The conference takes a South Africa-wide perspective, and will highlight the centrality of farm workers in the national economy and food system. Within South Africa, farm workers in the Cape winelands experience very different challenges to farm workers in Limpopo. But there are also opportunities. The farm workers’ strike of 2012–13 revealed the power of organised protest, while the current discourse around Land Expropriation Without Compensation (LEWC) gives hope that farm workers will finally enjoy access to land and tenure security. The organising committee of The Future of Farm Workers National Conference 2019 has enjoyed putting together, what we hope will be a challenging, insightful and thought provoking programme over the three-day conference. We look forward to engaging deliberations that we hope will bring to light, the plight of farm workers across the country, and ultimately lead to impactful solutions to the challenges they face. 1


ORGANISING COMMITTEE

Stephen Devereux (Co-Director), Centre of Excellence in Food Security, Institute for Social Development, UWC Ruth Hall (Co-Director), Institute of Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies (PLAAS), UWC Esté Beerwinkel, PLAAS, UWC Mologadi Makwela, Centre of Excellence in Food Security (CoE-FS), UWC Rebecca Mort, Women on Farms Project Mnqobi Ngubane, PLAAS, UWC Elaine Petersen, CoE-FS, UWC Joy van Dieman, PLAAS, UWC Wanga Zembe, South African Medical Research Council

2


SES

1.4

12:00 -13:00

PARALLEL

1.7

15:0016:00

BREAK

Working groups

16:0016:15

16:1517.30

1.8

Situation: Food security

1.6

15.0016:00

7

6

6

Situation: Employment and Wages

1.5

14:0014:40

Situation: Migrants

5

LUNCH

5

4

4

13:0014:00

Situation: History

Situation: Conditions

1.3

10:3012.00

Framing: Day 1

4

Conference Opening

BREAK

1.2

09:45 10:15

PG

EVENT

10:1510:30

1.1

SION

08:00 09:45

TIME

DAY 1 SES

2.5

12:0013:00

16:1517.30

2.8

Working groups

11

10

Response: Land reform outcomes

2.7

14.0016:00

BREAK

15:00

9

Response: Farmers & Industry

2.6

CLOSING

13

The Way Ahead & Next Steps 3.5

14.0016:00

13

Response: Government

13

12

12

3.4

Future: Future scenarios

BREAK

Future: Youth

Day 3: Opening

PG

13:30 14:30

3.3

3.2

3.1

EVENT

LUNCH

14:3015:00

16:0016:15

SES SION

DAY 3

12:3013:30

11:1512:30

10:4511:15

09:0010:45

08:30 09:00

TIME

LUNCH

9

8

8

8

8

PG

13:0014:00

Situation: Evictions

Response: Law

2.4

Response: Goverment

11:0012:00

2.3

10:0010:45

Situation:Organisation & Mobilisation

BREAK

2.2

09:0010:00

Framing: Day 2

EVENT

10:4511:00

2.1

SION

08:30 09:00

TIME

DAY 2

CONFERENCE OVERVIEW

PARALLEL

3


1

DAY ONE: WEDNESDAY 16 OCTOBER 2019

Session 1.1

Conference Opening

Speakers

08:00–09:00

Registration

09:00–09:15

Centring activity

Women on Farms Project

09:15–09:30

Welcome address

Pamela Dube, DVC Student Development & Support, UWC

09:30–09:45

Opening remarks by conference directors: Conference objectives, themes and logistics

Stephen Devereux, Institute for Social Development, UWC Ruth Hall, PLAAS UWC

Framing: Day 1

Speakers

09:45–10:00

Farm worker perspective: The future of farm workers

Bettie Fortuin, WFP

10:00–10:15

Framing paper 1: Land and the law: History, present and future

Tembeka Ngcukaitobi, Duma Nokwe Group of Advocates

Session 1.2

10:15–10:30 BREAK

Session 1.3 10:30–11:10

11:10–11:25

11:25–11:35

Situation: Conditions Panel: Farm worker leaders from 4 provinces: KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Northern Cape, Western Cape

Speakers Siyanqoba (KZN), Nkuzi (Limpopo), WFP (Northern Cape), CSAAWU (W. Cape)

The condition of unfreedom: Super-exploitation and subjugation of women on farms in uMgungundlovu District, KZN Video: ‘Qina Mbokodo’

Juba Khuzwayo, Association For Rural Advancement

Violations of women farm workers' labour rights in post-apartheid South Africa

Colette Solomon, Women on Farms Project

4


11:35–11:45

11:45–12:00

Session 1.4

Too poor to pay and too young to be counted: The social reproduction of farm workers

Anne Wiltshire, Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, SU

Discussion

Q&A

Situation: History

Speakers

Intimate lessons from the farm workers’ strike of 2013

Susan Levine, African and Gender Studies,UCT & Jena Beukes, Farm Woman, De Doorns

In their own words: Farm workers in Umvoti area, KwaZulu-Natal, c. 1960s to the present

Siyabonga Nxumalo, Department of History, UKZN

‘A Boer’s house is not a home’: Understanding urban migration by farm workers in the semi-arid regions

Nomalanga Mkhize, Nelson Mandela University

12:35–12:45

Video: The 2013 farm workers’ strike

Daneel Knoetze, GroundUP

12:45–13:00

Discussion

Q&A

12:00–12:15

12:15–12:25

12:25–12:35

13:00–14:00 LUNCH Situation: Employment and Wages

Speakers

14:00–14:10

Firm size and farmworker earnings in South African commercial agriculture

Leonard le Roux, Environmental Policy Research Unit, UCT

14:10–14:20

Better protected but worse off? Farm workers and the limits of regulation in post-apartheid South Africa

Margareet Visser, Labour & Enterprise Research Group, UCT

Session 1.5

5


14:20–14:30

14:30–14:40

Session 1.6

National minimum wage

Neil Coleman, Institute for Economic Justice

Discussion

Q&A

[PARALLEL 1] Situation: Food security

Speakers

Panel: Oases in the desert: Women farm workers and dwellers in the Northern Cape diversify livelihoods through food gardens

Lenie Coetzee & 2 farm women Women on Farms Project

15:20–15:30

Seasonal food insecurity among farm workers in the Northern Cape, South Africa

Lauren TavenerSmith, Institute for Social Development, UWC

15:30–15:40

Drivers of food insecurity among farm workers in South Africa

Tsega Girma Tefera, Institute for Social Development, UWC

15:00–15:20

15:40–15:50 Food system: corporate dominance and implications for farm workers 15:50–16:00

Session 1.7

Discussion

[PARALLEL 2] Situation: Migrants

15:00–15:10

Living standards and migration off South African farms

15:10–15:20

Migration infrastructure and the (il)legality of undocumented Zimbabwean farmworkers in Limpopo

Tracy Ledger, Public Affairs Research Institute, WITS Q&A

Speakers Leonard le Roux, Environmental Policy Research Unit, School of Economics, UCT Denboy Kudejira, Department of Anthropology, Memorial University, Canada 6


15:20–15:30

Legalising the status of foreign migrant farm workers: A remedy to the many challenges they face in Western Cape

The rise of workerist agrarian labour relations in post-apartheid 15:30–15:40 South Africa: progress and pitfalls from the field 15:40–16:00

Discussion

Gilbert Pindano, Pinnacle Research Consultants Ruth Hall, PLAAS, UWC Q&A

16:00–16:15 BREAK Session 1.8

Working groups

Speakers

16:15–17:00

4 working groups discuss the themes discussed today

Facilitated groups

17:00–17:30

Feedback: Working groups

Plenary

7


DAY TWO: THURSDAY 17 OCTOBER 2019 Session 2.1

Framing: Day 2

Speakers

08:30–08:45

Centring activity

Surplus People Project

08:45–09:00

Framing paper 2: International experience: lessons from FLOC’s organisation of farm workers in the USA

Baldemar Velasquez, Farm Labor Organizing Committee

Session 2.2

Organisation & Mobilisation

Speakers

Farm workers' resistance and ethical codes: Contesting the terrain

Mercia Andrews, Trust for Community Outreach and Education

09:00–09:10

09:10-10:00

Session 2.3 10:00–10:45

Panel: Unions and Organisers: How do farm workers and farm dwellers organise themselves today? What are lessons learnt? What is the future of organisation?

Ben Luig, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation; Trevor Christians, CSAAWU; Ighsaan Schroeder, CWAO; Roseline Engelbrecht, WFP & Khanyo Ndlela, Siyanqoba Rural Transformation Forum

Response: Government

Speakers

Panel:Minister of Employment & Labour

Hon. Thulas Nxesi

Minister of Justice & Correctional Services Representatives of the Compensation & Unemployment Insurance Fund

Hon. Ronald Lamola

10:45–11:00 BREAK Session 2.4

Response: Law

11:00–11:10

Understanding how labour litigation operates for Western Cape farmworkers

Bhavna Ramji, Casual Workers Advice Office

11:10–11:20

Labour inspections by the Western Cape Department of Labour

David Esau, Department of Labour, WC 8


11:20–11:30

Advice office support to farm workers in Limpopo

Motlanalo Lebepe, Nkuzi

11:30–11:40

“Lawyers, please, put down your gowns and come to us”

Buti Chakache, Rural Legal Trust

South African Human Rights Commission Reports on Farm Workers' rights

Shanelle van der Berg, SAHRC

Discussion

Q&A

11:40–11:50 11:50–12:00

Session 2.5 12:00–12:25

Situation: Evictions Panel: Spooky Town and New Rest: Understanding the nature and impact of farm worker evictions on women and children Video: Soetendal evictions

Speakers

Carmen Louw, WFP + 2 women from Spooky Town & New Rest

12:25–12:35

Farm evictions and access to services in Limpopo Province

Michela Marcatelli, Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, SU

12:35–12:45

Surveying evictions and mobilising for a different agri-food sector in South Africa

Marc Wegerif, Human Economy Programme, UP

Discussion

Q&A

12:45–13:00

13:00–14:00 LUNCH [PARALLEL 3:] Response: Farmers & Industry

Speakers

14:00–14:10

Boschendal: Lessons from a farm in transition

Wilmien Wicomb, Boschendal Estate

14:10–14:20

Hands-on mentoring of farm workers beyond strategic partnerships

Mike du Toit, Appleberry Farm

Session 2.6

9


14:20–14:30

14:30–14:40

14:40–15:00

15:00–15:10

Fewer and better trained: the realities of labour on large-scale commercial farms

Amelia Genis, Landbou and PLAAS

Farm workers and land access: Path of reforms towards a necessary connection

Louw Pienaar, Department of Agriculture, Western Cape Government

Alcohol in the farm environment: Public health and community responses

Leslie London, UCT School of Public Health

Discussion

Q&A

Trajectories of strategic partnership 15:10–15:20 and farm labour in Levubu Valley, South Africa 15:20–15:30

Land reform in South Africa: A focus on farm equity schemes with specific reference to the Blaauwkrantz, Eastern Cape

Long overdue forensic investigation 15:30–15:40 into farm worker equity schemes and community mobilisation 15:40–16:00

Session 2.7 14:00–14:10

Tshililo Manenzhe, Parliament of the Republic of South Africa Fani Ncapayi, Centre for African Studies, UCT Naomi Betana, Witzenberg Rural Development Centre & Henry Fredericks, Surplus People's Project

Discussion

Q&A

[PARALLEL 4:] Response: Land reform outcomes

Speakers

Land claims by rightful land owners and the right of farm dwellers

Land expropriation without 14:10–14:20 compensation and its possible impact on the welfare of farm workers in South Africa: A case study of Zimbabwe

Davine Cloete Takunda Satumba, Institute for Social Development, UWC 10


14:20–14:30

The outcomes of land reform for employment, livelihoods and land tenure rights for farm labour on land redistributed through the Pro-Active Land Acquisition Strategy in selected provinces in South Africa

The potential impact of land 14:30–14:40 expropriation on the right to security of tenure of farm workers

Nkanyiso Gumede, PLAAS, UWC

Nyaradzo Karubwa, SU

14:40–15:00

Discussion

Q&A

15:00–15:10

Farm workers and land redistribution: the eastern Free State province of South Africa

Mnqobi Ngubane, PLAAS, UWC

15:10–15:20

Labour tenants and litigation

Thabiso Mbhense, Legal Resources Centre

Evaluating options to practically address overarching policy and implementation failures to secure 15:20–15:30 equitable access to land, the right to housing and security of tenure for farm workers and dwellers 15:30–16:00

Discussion

Rick de Satge, Phuhlisani

Q&A

16:00–16:15 BREAK Working groups

Speakers

16:15–17:00

4 working groups discuss the themes discussed today

Facilitated groups

17:00–17:30

Feedback: Working groups

Plenary

Session 2.8

11


DAY THREE: FRIDAY 18 OCTOBER 2019 Session 3.1

Day 3: Opening

Speakers

08:30–08:45

Centring activity

TCOE

08:45–09:00

Framing Paper 3: The past, present and future of farm workers in South Africa

Stephen Devereux, ISD UWC & Ruth Hall, PLAAS UWC

Future: Youth

Speakers

09:00–09:30

Panel: Agricultural labour force trends and youth employment

Joy van Biljon, Koue Bokkeveld Training Centre

09:30–09:40

Hungry youth on fallow land? Voices of unemployed youth from Genadendal, the Overberg

Rhoda Malgas, Department of Conservation Ecology & Entomology, SU

09:40–09:50

Youth perception and response on agricultural trainings offered in Western Cape: case study of Central Karoo

Thapelo Kekana, Department of Agriculture, Western Cape Government

09:50–10:00

Factors influencing young peoples’ agriculture labour force participation in South Africa: a labour market perspective

Christopher Manyamba, Centre for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration

Session 3.2

Panel: “It’s my dream”: Understanding the pull and push 10:00–10:30 factors influencing youth’s attitudes and experiences regarding the future of farm work 10:30–10:45

Discussion

Women on Farms Project

Q&A

10:45–11:15 BREAK

12


Session 3.3

Future: Future scenarios

Speakers

11:15–11:25

Technology and 4IR increases jobs in commercial agriculture

11:25–11:35

Re-imagining the future and prospects of farm workers in the face of rapid mechanisation, automation and digitisation

Dave Pons, Department of Agriculture, MUT

11:35–11:45

Pathways out of Poverty: A research project that made the ‘forgotten citizens’ living and working on commercial farms in the Umgungundlovu District of KZN visible!

11:45–11:55

Food sovereignty, farm evictions and access to land in urban and rural areas

11:55–12:05

Alliance for Rural Democracy: The future of agrarian movements

Constance Mogale, Alliance for Rural Democracy

12:05–12:30

Discussion

Q&A

Tendai Chiguware, University of Fort Hare

Siya Sithole, AFRA

Abonga Tom, Surplus People Project

12:30–13:30 LUNCH Session 3.4 13:30–14:30

Session 3.5 14:30–15:00 15:00

Response: Government

Speakers

Chair of the Presidential Advisory Panel on Land Reform and agriculture

Vuyo Mahlati

The Way Ahead & Next Steps What needs to be done by government, farmers, academics, NGOs/activists and farm workers? Closing 13


NOTES

14


NOTES

15


NOTES

16

Profile for Centre of Excellence in Food Security

The Future of Farm Workers National Conference [Programme]  

From October 16 to 18 a national conference on the future of farm workers in South Africa will be held at the University of the Western Cape...

The Future of Farm Workers National Conference [Programme]  

From October 16 to 18 a national conference on the future of farm workers in South Africa will be held at the University of the Western Cape...

Profile for coefs