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COLEGIO DE BACHILLERES DEL ESTADO DE SONORA Director General Profr. Julio Alfonso Martínez Romero Director Académico Dr. Manuel Valenzuela Valenzuela Director de Administración y Finanzas C.P. Jesús Urbano Limón Tapia Director de Planeación Ing. Raúl Leonel Durazo Amaya

WRITTEN ENGLISH COMMUNICATION 1 Módulo de Aprendizaje. Copyright ©, 2010 por Colegio de Bachilleres del Estado de Sonora todos los derechos reservados. Tercera edición 2012. Impreso en México. DIRECCIÓN ACADÉMICA Departamento de Desarrollo Curricular Blvd. Agustín de Vildósola, Sector Sur Hermosillo, Sonora. México. C.P. 83280

COMISIÓN ELABORADORA: Elaborador: Edna Elinora Soto Gracia Revisión Disciplinaria: Lydia Lagarda Sánchez Corrección de Estilo: Diana Patricia Lugo Peñúñuri Apoyo Metodológico: Jesús Moisés Galaz Duarte Supervisión Académica: Mtra. Luz María Grijalva Díaz Diseño: Joaquín Rivas Samaniego María Jesús Jiménez Duarte Edición: Cynthia Deyanira Meneses Avalos Coordinación Técnica: Claudia Yolanda Lugo Peñúñuri Diana Irene Valenzuela López Coordinación General: Dr. Manuel Valenzuela Valenzuela

Esta publicación se terminó de imprimir durante el mes de junio de 2012. Diseñada en Dirección Académica del Colegio de Bachilleres del Estado de Sonora Blvd. Agustín de Vildósola; Sector Sur. Hermosillo, Sonora, México La edición consta de 1,146 ejemplares.

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PRELIMINARES


DATOS DEL ALUMNO Nombre: _______________________________________________________________ Plantel: __________________________________________________________________ Grupo: _________________ Turno: _____________ Teléfono:___________________ E-mail: _________________________________________________________________ Domicilio: ______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________

Ubicación Curricular

COMPONENTE:

HORAS SEMANALES:

FORMACIÓN PARA EL TRABAJO

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CAPACITACIÓN PARA EL TRABAJO: IDIOMAS (INGLÉS)

CRÉDITOS:

PRELIMINARES

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PRELIMINARES


Índice Presentación ..................................................................................................................................................... 7 Mapa de asignatura .......................................................................................................................................... 8 Block 1: REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS ............................................9 Didactic sequence 1: 1 Getting to know you ........................................................................................................10 • Greeting and Introductions .........................................................................................................................10 • Addressing people ......................................................................................................................................14 • Small Talks ..................................................................................................................................................21 • Getting to know people...............................................................................................................................29 Didactic sequence 2: What do you do every day? ............................................................................................33 • Daily activities..............................................................................................................................................33 • Work – Job ..................................................................................................................................................35 • Professions and Occupations ....................................................................................................................41 Didactic sequence 3: 3 I will be a computer programmer ....................................................................................46 • Future forms ................................................................................................................................................48 • The computer and its vocabulary ...............................................................................................................50 Block 2: WRITES FORMAL AND INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS .................................... 61 Didactic sequence 1: 1 Punctuation .....................................................................................................................62 • Punctuation Marks usage ...........................................................................................................................63 Didactic sequence 2: Forms, Memos and more…............................................................................................83 • Questionnaire ..............................................................................................................................................85 • eforms and invoices ....................................................................................................................................90 • Notes ...........................................................................................................................................................93 • Fax and Memorandums..............................................................................................................................93 • Application forms ......................................................................................................................................100 Didactic sequence 3: Writing a Letter ..............................................................................................................104 • Friendly and Business Letters ..................................................................................................................105 • Parts of a Letter .........................................................................................................................................106 • Types of letters ..........................................................................................................................................110 • The envelope.............................................................................................................................................118 Block 3: INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS ................................................. 125 Didactic sequence 1: 1 Making Friends ..............................................................................................................126 • Expressions used at work .........................................................................................................................128 • Socializing .................................................................................................................................................130 • Invitations at work .....................................................................................................................................133 Didactic sequence 2: Journey to different Cultures .........................................................................................137 • Cultures and customs around the world ..................................................................................................138 • Cultural differences ...................................................................................................................................140 • Culture Shock ............................................................................................................................................142 Didactic sequence 3: Celebrations, holidays, and festivals ............................................................................146 • Celebrations, holidays, and festivals ........................................................................................................146 • Differences in Celebrating ........................................................................................................................150 • Expressions to describe Holiday ..............................................................................................................153 • Verbs vocabulary ......................................................................................................................................154

Bibliografía ........................................................................................................................................................161

PRELIMINARES

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PRELIMINARES


Presentación “Una competencia es la integración de habilidades, conocimientos y actitudes en un contexto específico”. El enfoque en competencias considera que los conocimientos por sí mismos no son lo más importante, sino el uso que se hace de ellos en situaciones específicas de la vida personal, social y profesional. De este modo, las competencias requieren una base sólida de conocimientos y ciertas habilidades, los cuales se integran para un mismo propósito en un determinado contexto El presente Módulo de Aprendizaje de la asignatura Written English Communication 1, es una herramienta de suma importancia, que propiciará tu desarrollo como persona visionaria, competente e innovadora, características que se establecen en los objetivos de la Reforma Integral de Educación Media Superior que actualmente se está implementando a nivel nacional. El Módulo de aprendizaje es uno de los apoyos didácticos que el Colegio de Bachilleres te ofrece con la intención de estar acorde a los nuevos tiempos, a las nuevas políticas educativas, además de lo que demandan los escenarios local, nacional e internacional; el módulo se encuentra organizado a través de bloques de aprendizaje y secuencias didácticas. Una secuencia didáctica es un conjunto de actividades, organizadas en tres momentos: Inicio, desarrollo y cierre. En el inicio desarrollarás actividades que te permitirán identificar y recuperar las experiencias, los saberes, las preconcepciones y los conocimientos que ya has adquirido a través de tu formación, mismos que te ayudarán a abordar con facilidad el tema que se presenta en el desarrollo, donde realizarás actividades que introducen nuevos conocimientos dándote la oportunidad de contextualizarlos en situaciones de la vida cotidiana, con la finalidad de que tu aprendizaje sea significativo. Posteriormente se encuentra el momento de cierre de la secuencia didáctica, donde integrarás todos los saberes que realizaste en las actividades de inicio y desarrollo. En todas las actividades de los tres momentos se consideran los saberes conceptuales, procedimentales y actitudinales. De acuerdo a las características y del propósito de las actividades, éstas se desarrollan de forma individual, binas o equipos. Para el desarrollo del trabajo deberás utilizar diversos recursos, desde material bibliográfico, videos, investigación de campo, etc. La retroalimentación de tus conocimientos es de suma importancia, de ahí que se te invita a participar de forma activa, de esta forma aclararás dudas o bien fortalecerás lo aprendido; además en este momento, el docente podrá tener una visión general del logro de los aprendizajes del grupo. Recuerda que la evaluación en el enfoque en competencias es un proceso continuo, que permite recabar evidencias a través de tu trabajo, donde se tomarán en cuenta los tres saberes: el conceptual, procedimental y actitudinal con el propósito de que apoyado por tu maestro mejores el aprendizaje. Es necesario que realices la autoevaluación, este ejercicio permite que valores tu actuación y reconozcas tus posibilidades, limitaciones y cambios necesarios para mejorar tu aprendizaje. Así también, es recomendable la coevaluación, proceso donde de manera conjunta valoran su actuación, con la finalidad de fomentar la participación, reflexión y crítica ante situaciones de sus aprendizajes, promoviendo las actitudes de responsabilidad e integración del grupo. Nuestra sociedad necesita individuos a nivel medio superior con conocimientos, habilidades, actitudes y valores, que les permitan integrarse y desarrollarse de manera satisfactoria en el mundo social, profesional y laboral. Para que contribuyas en ello, es indispensable que asumas una nueva visión y actitud en cuanto a tu rol, es decir, de ser receptor de contenidos, ahora construirás tu propio conocimiento a través de la problematización y contextualización de los mismos, situación que te permitirá: Aprender a conocer, aprender a hacer, aprender a ser y aprender a vivir juntos. PRELIMINARES

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Getting you

to

know

Block 1 REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS

What do you do every day?

I will be a computer programmer.

Punctuation

Written English Communication 1

Block 2 WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS

Forms, Memos and more…

Writing Letters

Making Friends

Block3 INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS

Journey to different Cutures

Celbrations, holidays, and festivals 8

PRELIMINARES


Competencias Profesionales: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Realiza comprensiones oral y auditiva de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma. Realiza comprensión escrita y de lectura de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma. Realiza expresión o producción oral en otro idioma. Realiza interacción oral en otro idioma. Realiza expresión o producción escrita de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma.

Unidad de competencia:

Describe situaciones de la vida cotidiana de manera oral y escrita en los contextos personal, familiar, laboral y social.

Atributos a desarrollar en el bloque:

4.1 Expresa ideas y conceptos mediante representaciones lingüísticas, matemáticas o gráficas. 4.2 Aplica distintas estrategias comunicativas según quienes sean sus interlocutores, el contexto en el que se encuentra y los objetivos que persigue. 4.3 Identifica las ideas claves en un texto o discurso oral e infiere conclusiones a partir de ellas. 4.4 Se comunica en una segunda lengua en situaciones cotidianas. 4.5 Maneja las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para obtener información y expresar ideas. 6.4 Estructura ideas y argumentos de manera clara, coherente y sintética. 7.1 Define metas y da seguimiento a sus procesos de construcción de conocimiento. 8.2 Aporta puntos de vista con apertura y considera los de otras personas de manera reflexiva. 10.3 Asume que el respeto de las diferencias es el principio de integración y de convivencia en los contextos local, nacional e internacional.

Bloque 1. Reviews and conveys into written daily situations.

Time assigned: 20 hours.


Didactic sequence 1. Getting to know you. 

Start up activities Do you know or do you have a unique traditional form of greeting?

Forms of greeting depend on the nationality, situation, position and sometimes the age of the person. Here you have some interesting forms of greetings:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

In the Western world the handshake is the most common form of greeting. Other oriental cultures may greet you with bows. In India Namaskar or prayerful hands is the most popular form of greeting. The traditional Eskimos way of greeting or expressing affection is when two people rub noses together. Younger generations greet each other with a high five or give me five as a form of greeting. People from socialite world, politics, and show business sometimes would greet by kissing one another.

Activity 1 Read and write under each picture the form of greeting according to the information given.

_______________________

____________________

_______________________

______________________

____________________

_______________________

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REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 1a Draw two other forms of greeting that you know.

Activity 1b Answer the questions. What is the traditional form of greeting in your country? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Do you use the same form of greeting at school and at home? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Which of the above forms of greeting do you think is the most formal? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Which of the above forms of greeting do you think is the most casual? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Do you know other form of greeting that young people use? Write the name. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

1

Factual Identifies different vocabulary and types of gestures used when greeting people in various parts of the world. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

EVALUATION Product: Diagnosis and Reading Activity. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Adds cultural knowledge and new vocabulary as well as gestures used when greeting people in various parts of the world. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows respect for different cultures and identify her/his own. Obtained value:

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Activity 2 Read the biography and answer the questions. Stevie Wonder Stevie Wonder is an American singer-songwriter, born on May 13, 1950 in Saginaw, Michigan. His name of birth is Stevland Judkins. Wonder grew up in Detroit, singing in church choirs. In 1961 he was discovered by Ronnie White of the Miracles, who helped arrange an audition with Berry Gordy at Motown music and gave him a contract giving him the name of “Little Stevie Wonder”. Stevie was always compared with Ray Charles because of his blindness; he has been blind almost since birth. Wonder became a romantic pop singer of protest songs about Vietnam and race relations. From 1972-76 he released five albums, in 1980 he won an Oscar for the song “I just called to say I love you”. He fought with democrat congressmen for making the birthday of Martin Luther King a national holiday which it became one in 1986. In 1989 he was inducted into the Rock Hall of Fame. Wonder’s 2005 album won him six more Grammy nominations and won for best Vocal Singer. Wonder is an activist for civil rights and endorsed 2008 United States Democratic Party presidential candidate Barack Obama. His contribution to the world of music and to society makes him undoubtedly one of the best song writer and performer of our times. What is Stevie Wonder’s real name? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ How old was Stevie Wonder when he signed up with Motown? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ What did Stevie do when he was a child? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ Why was Stevie Wonder compared with Ray Charles? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ Why is Stevie Wonder consider to be an activist? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ In your opinion what is Stevie Wonder’s best achievement? __________________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 2a

Complete the Card with information from the biography.

Name ________________________________

Sex ____

Age _______ Birth date ____________________________ Birth place _______________________________________ Occupation _______________________________________

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REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 2b Read and find the different tenses of the verbs and write them in the corresponding column. Present Simple

Past Simple

Present Perfect

1.

1.

1.

2.

2.

2.

3.

3.

3.

4.

4.

4.

5.

5.

5.

6.

6.

6.

7.

7.

7.

8.

8.

8.

9.

9.

9.

10.

10.

10.

Activity 2c

Put the events in Stevie Wonder’s life into the correct order by writing from 1 to 8 on the line. ______ won an Oscar in 1980 ______ Motown gave him a contract ______ participated in Barack Obama’s campaign ______ helped establish Nat. Holiday for M. Luther K.

Activity

2

Factual Selects information and identifies verb tenses from a text. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

______ sang protest songs about war and racism ______ was included in the Rock Hall of fame 1 was born in Saginaw, Michigan in 1950 ______ won for best vocal singer

EVALUATION Product: Diagnosis and Reading Activity. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Reads and answers direct questions and gives his/her opinion about facts. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Appreciates the life of a person and his contribution to music and to the world. Obtained value:

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Development activities Activity 3 Read the forms of greeting.

Greetings

To greet people is part of our daily life, sometimes greeting is very casual, but when it comes to business it is important that we use a formal vocabulary and proper etiquette. We greet people in a variety of situations and in different places, example:   

Greeting in passing. You don’t always have time to stop and have a conversation with a co-worker, classmate or a neighbor, you just say Hello! say Hi! or just smile. Greetings before a Conversation. Sometimes you stop and talk for a minute as you say hello. This type of greeting is followed by a conversation. Close friends often hug when they greet each other, especially after a long time without seeing one other. Men sometimes give each other a hand shake or a high-five. Greetings at a Party or Social Event It is polite to greet many people at a social event. This is called "mingling". Introduce yourself and start a conversation with people you haven’t met before. Greetings in Business Proper etiquette is important in business greetings as it is mentioned above. Make sure to use polite language such as "please" and "thank you". Appropriate titles and gestures should also be used. Shaking hands is common in most English speaking countries. Greetings in the Classroom

An informal greeting is used when you are at school or classroom but when a new student starts a course or a semester it is polite to greet him/her. Introductions immediately follow this type of greeting.

Activity 3a Activity Write on the line the situation or place in which each conversation takes place. Good Morning! Please have a seat. Thank you, Mr. Green. Can I offer you something to drink? No, thank you Sir. 1._________________________

Hey. Good to see you (hug). How’ve you been? Busy, and you? Pretty good. How’s your new job? It’s okay but… 4. __________________________________

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Hi! Hi! What’s up? Nothing, G” day!

Hello! Hello, I’m happy that you came. I like the song! Oh yes, would you like to dance? Well, not really, I’m very tired.

2. ___________________

3. _______________________

Hi am Alex. Hello Alex, I am Camille. Are you a new student? Yes, yesterday was my first day of class. Welcome! 5. ___________________________________

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 3b Write a paragraph stating why it is important to greet people in our daily life.

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Activity 3c Write the most suitable reaction to the following phrases. a.

How are you? ________________________________________________________________________________

b.

How do you do? ______________________________________________________________________________

c.

Pleased to meet you. __________________________________________________________________________

d.

It was nice meeting you. _______________________________________________________________________

e.

Have a good weekend. ________________________________________________________________________

f.

See you next month. __________________________________________________________________________

g.

You must be _________________________________________________________________________________

h.

I hope to see you again. _______________________________________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written excercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

3

Factual Recognizes forms of greetings in different situations and the importance that greetings have in. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

Value: Attitude

Practices in written form small dialogues to learn different greetings to be used in real life language. C

MC

NYC

Integrates new vocabulary and conversational expressions to be used for greeting in a real context. Obtained value:

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Activity 4 Read the tips and useful phrases that will help you in your daily life.

Situations and Places

Tips

Useful Phrases Hello! or Hi! Good morning! Good afternoon! Good evening! How's it goin'? What’s up?

Say an appropriate form of hello. Smile and wave. Greetings in passing

Nice to see you. Long time no see. What have you been up to? How are things? It's been a while. (It's been a while since I've seen you.) What's new? Not much. (answer to What's new?)

Stand near a person and say hello. Ask a question or begin a conversation Greetings before a Conversation

Who are you here with? How do you know Jane? (party host) I don't think we've met. Have you been here long? Have you tried the cheese dip/dessert/punch? Where did you get your costume? The food looks great.

Say hello and introduce yourself to a person who is not in a conversation.

Greeting at a party or Social Event

Greetings in Business

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Discuss one party related item (food, theme, length of stay).

Introduce yourself with name and title. Shake hands. Express happiness to meet the other person. Give or accept directions.

Please have a seat. Thanks for agreeing to meet with me. He'll be right with you. Can I offer you something to drink? My pleasure.

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 4a Choose 3 situations or place and write small dialogues using the tips and useful phrases from the chart.

Dialogue 1 Situation or place ___________________

Dialogue 2 Situation or place __________________

Dialogue 3 Situation or place____________________

BLOCK 1

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Activity 4b Write the useful phrase that you would use in the following situations. 1.

When you arrive to school and walk next to the principal.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2.

When you are at a party and someone introduce you to her/his friend.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.

When you are shopping and meet with an old friend.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.

When you are in a bus stop and someone smile at you.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 5.

When you are at a party and someone stands next to you.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 4c Write an F if the phrase or statement is formal, Write a C if the phrase or statement is casual. a. How are you? __________ b.

How do you do?

__________

c.

Excuse me, are you Albert Lennon?

__________

d.

Sorry, I don’t know your name.

__________

e.

Hi everybody. My name’s Alex Harris.

__________

f.

May I introduce myself?

__________

g.

This is Caroline.

__________

h.

Let me introduce you to Caroline So.

__________

i.

Goodbye. It’s been very interesting talking to you.

__________

j.

See you. I really had a good time.

__________

k.

I got to go now.

__________

l.

I’m afraid I must be going soon.

__________

Activity

4

Factual . Writes small dialogues using different forms of greetings according to the place or situation. Co evaluation

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EVALUATION Product: Written dialogues. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Reads information to write small dialogues using different forms of greetings, tips, and phrases useful in daily life. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Integrates new vocabulary and conversational expressions to be used for greeting in a real context Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 5 Read the text carefully. How to address people Before starting a conversation with someone, we have to know how to address him/her. In the English language and culture there will be some people that need more formality than others. It is not the same to address people when speaking than to do it in writing, writing has different rules and formalities. The difference in addressing people involves age, job, education, religion and even marital status. Sometimes a person gives you permission to use his or her first name. In English we use the phrase "on a first name basis" to describe a relationship that is not very formal.

Activity 5a Match the titles in the left column with people from the right column. Write the letter in the parenthesis. Mr. and last name

(

) A mother to her child

Ma’am

(

) A teacher in University

Miss and last name

(

) My child’s teacher (woman)

Professor

(

) A young lady at a party

Mrs. and last name

(

) Supervisor or Manager (man) at work

Dear

(

) A waitress

Activity 5b How would you address the following people, write a title on the line. The bus driver __________________________________________ Your boy/girl friend's parents ______________________________ The principal of your school ______________________________ A man or a lady older than you ____________________________ A classmate ____________________________________________ The young secretary at school ____________________________ An old lady in the bus ___________________________________ Your friend on a first name basis __________________________

BLOCK 1

Here are the formal titles that you can use when addressing someone: Sir: to address an adult male or a female in a formal matter. Ma'am: a formal address for a lady. Madam: a formal address for a lady. Mr. + last name: formal and informal address for a man. Mrs. + last name: to address a married woman with her husband’s last name. Ms + last name: used in business for married or nonmarried woman. Miss + last name: to address an unmarried woman. Professor + last name: use to address a professor in university. Here are some “Pet names” or titles of affection used when addressing a child or a family member: Dear, Honey, Darling, and sweetie. Young people sometimes use: Buddy or Pal.

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Activity 5c Complete the following statements with corresponding title.

1

2

Good morning __________ __ Taylor. You are on time for your appointment. You are applying for the policeman Position, aren’t you Taylor?

Excuse me ____________, can you take my order please?

4

3

Would you like to dance me______________________? My name is Adrian.

Excuse me, _____________________ House I’m not going to be able to attend your anthropology classes this week.

5

6

Hi! ____________________ What’s for lunch today?

Activity

_______________ Dresser this letter is to let you know that you have been accepted for the job. Call me tomorrow at 1800-546221

EVALUATION Product: Written form. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5

Factual Identifies forms to address people taking on account age, marital status, etc. Co evaluation

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with

Value: Attitude

Practices in a written form the use of titles with names and anticipates the problem of misusing a title when addressing people in a real context. C

MC

NYC

Integrates new vocabulary to be used in real context to properly address a person. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 6 Read what you have to know about a conversation.

Conversations A well conducted conversation starts by a greeting and by addressing properly. Conversations can open up a new universe for business or job opportunities, also help you make friends, and help you relate with others. It is possible that you will need to give or ask for personal information (name, address, telephone number, e-mail address, etc.) These questions will help you get to know people. They are simple questions with simple answers and provide information so you can ask more questions. What is your name? Where do you live? What do you do? Where are you from?

What is your address? What is your telephone number? What is your e-mail address? What is

There are casual forms of conversations that “break the ice” in certain situations and places, these forms are called Small talks, places where you use these talks: in a doctor's or dentist's waiting room, at a bus stop, in a waiting line, etc. Sometimes in these casual conversations you don’t want to give your personal information, you can say: I’d rather not say. __ I don’t give out personal information. There are certain topics that people usually make small talk about: weather, sports, current events, day, family and news. Here are some ways to start a small talk:

Weather -Kind of chilly this morning, isn’t it? -What a beautiful morning. A bit windy but beautiful. -It’s never that hot at this time of the year. -It’s been raining for weeks. Is this never going -to end?

Films A: Have you seen “Avatar”? We went to see it last night. B: How was it? A: Pat thought it was hilarious, but I was a bit disappointed.

Family A: How’s Janet doing? I haven’t seen her for ages. B: Oh, she’s fine. Se just got a job. A: That’s great news. We should get together one of these days B: Sure. That’d be great. …

Sports A: Did you see the game last night? B: No, I missed it. Was it a good game?

If you want to write about the best films visit: http://www.oscars.org/index.html

BLOCK 1

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Activity 6a Write questions for each statement. 1.

___________________________________________________________________________________________? I Study and work for an insurance company.

2.

___________________________________________________________________________________________? My name is Albert but you can call me Al.

3.

___________________________________________________________________________________________? I am from Douglas but I’ve lived in Agua Prieta for 4 years.

4. ___________________________________________________________________________________________? I don’t give up personal information, I’m sorry. 5. ___________________________________________________________________________________________? I have two but you can write me at vip4@gmail.com

Activity 6b Write, what you would say in the following situations. 1.

You get into a book store. Greet the people in there and ask for a book.

___________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

You are at a party with your friends. You are introduced to one person. Greet him/her and make an invitation for a drink. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

You are at a meeting. Introduce one of your colleagues to your boss. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

6

Factual Recognizes the use of WH questions to obtain information in a conversation. Co evaluation

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EVALUATION Product: Written exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Applies the correct WH questions when asking and answering questions in exercises, and to be used in situations where it is needed. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Appreciates the use of the language to be applied in a real context. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 7 Work in groups of five. Ask your group members questions and write their answers on the following chart. What’s your name?

_______________

_______________

_______________

_______________

Where are you from? How old are you? How far is your house from your school? Is there a good public transportation in your city? How do you come to school?

Activity 7a With the help of your teacher gather all the information from the other teams, add and write all these information on the board so you can draw graphs about AGE, ORIGIN, WAYS OF TRANSPORTATION, GOOD OR BAD TRANSPORTATION.

BLOCK 1

23


Activity

EVALUATION Product: Graphs. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

7

Factual Selects classmates’ information for making graphs. Co evaluation

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Value:

Practices oral and written skill by asking questions to classmates to obtain information for making graphs. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Participates with classmates interchanging information by asking and answering questions and interchanging graphs. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 8 Practice small talk. Check which of the following topics you would talk to a friend, a colleague, or an important business partner. Write a check mark. Topics

Friend / Colleague

Business partner

Family International Politics Salary or wage Travel Weather Food and drinks Religion Health Global Warming, pollution, environmental topics Sports Your hobbies Computer and new technology Corruption

Activity 8a

Write the topic under each picture.

_______________

________________

________________

________________

_________________

_______________

________________

________________

________________

_________________

Here you will find information in the topics: Global warming: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/science/topics/globalwarming/index.html# Environmental: http://thinkgreen.discoveryeducation.com/ Sports: http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/ Technology: http://www.cnn.com/TECH/

BLOCK 1

25


Activity 8b Pair work. Discuss with your classmate which of the above topics is the most used nowadays. Write a dialogue about this topic. A. B. A. B. A. B. A. B. A. B. A. B. A. B. A. B.

Activity 8c

Act out the dialogue in front of the class.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written dialogue. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

8

Factual Identifies topics in a small talk useful in the writing of dialogues. Co evaluation

26

Value: Attitude

Integrates the topics to the formation of dialogues using the studied structures and forms. C

MC

NYC

Shows respect and creativity when working with his/her partner. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 9 Read de conversation and answer the question. Julia:

Nina! Hey, Nina! How’s it going?

Nina:

Julia! Hi! I’m fine. How’re you?

Julia:

Fine, thanks. Nina, this is Isabella, Isabella this is my friend Nina.

Isabella: Nina:

Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you too. Are you from around here?

Isabella:

No, I’m from Hermosillo.

Nina:

Oh, that’s interesting. Hermosillo is the capital of Sonora, isn’t it?

Isabella:

Yes, that’s right. How about you? What’s your hometown?

Nina:

I’m from Birmingham, Michigan.

Isabella:

Oh, really? Is that a big city?

Nina:

No, it is a small suburb in the state of Detroit. The population is 19,291 as of the 2000 census. What is the population in Hermosillo?

Julia:

It’s really a big city. There are over 700,000 people in Hermosillo.

Nina:

Wow! That’s a lot of people!

Isabella:

it is. But there’s good public transportation, so it isn’t bad.

Nina:

So, isn’t it hard to get from your house to your University?

Isabella:

No, I just take the bus and I get there in just 15 minutes.

Nina:

By the way! I have to run to take the bus. See you guys later.

Isabella:

Bye, Nina.

Julia:

Take care, Nina.

Nina:

You too. Bye.

1.

Where is Isabella from? _________________________________________________________________________

2.

Is Isabella from a small town? ____________________________________________________________________

3.

Where is Nina from? ____________________________________________________________________________

4.

Is Nina from a small town? What is the population? __________________________________________________

5.

Why does Isabella think that it isn’t bad to live in Hermosillo? __________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________

BLOCK 1

27


Activity 9a Write the long forms and contractions you find in the conversation. Contractions are a way to combine words. When you put the two words together by dropping letters and then replace it with apostrophe (’) Example:

How is it going? ___________________

How’s it going? ___________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

____________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

____________________

Long Form Contraction I am from Hermosillo I’m from Hermosillo Do not use contractions for short answers. Are you from Guaymas? Yes, I am. (Not: Yes I’m)

Activity 9b Circle the letter of the correct answer. 1.

Who is Nina? a. Isabella’s cousin b. Julia’s friend c. Julia’s cousin

2.

What does Isabella say about Hermosillo? a. It has a good library b. It has good public transportation c. It has about 20,000 people

3.

What does Nina say about Birmingham? a. It’s a big city b. It’s the Capital of Detroit c. It has about 20,000 people

Factual

EVALUATION Product: Practice excercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

Identifies short /long form contractions as well as new vocabulary.

Practices contractions, new vocabulary, and identifies facts in reading comprehension task.

Activity

Co evaluation

28

9

C

MC

Value: Attitude

NYC

Appreciates the use of the language to be applied in a real context. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Closing activities Activity 10 To get to know a person you have to know some facts about her/his life, you have to ask for personal information, address properly, greet according to the situation or place. Organize in a map the steps that take to finally get to a conversation. Remember that mapping makes it easier to organize a process or a sequence; it helps you remember what you have to do. Example of a Chain map

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Chain map. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

10

Factual Orders in a map the steps that take to get to a conversation. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

Value: Attitude

Elaborates a chain map integrating the steps required to get to a good conversation. C

MC

NYC

Integrates his/her previous knowledge organized in a map. Obtained value:

29


Activity 11 Use the conversation from a previous page to write your own conversation, this time using your own words and ideas. Make a team of 4, choose the best conversation and present it in class.

Activity

11

Factual Writes a dialogue based on a previous one, using his/her own information. Co evaluation

30

EVALUATION Product: Dialogue. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Creates a dialogue using her/his own information using all the structures and Vocabulary learnt. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude

Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 12 Social Quiz: Choose the best possible response. Write the letter on the right line. Then interchange the results with your partners. 1. Hi, how are you? a. Fine, thanks. And you? b. I’m Mike. c. Not too bad.

1. _______

2. Meet my friend Jack. a. Nice to meet you. b. What time? c. How do you do?

2. _______

3. How was your flight? a. It was all right. b. Yes, of course. c. The plane was a bit late but it didn’t matter.

3. _______

4. Would you like to look around the company? a. No, it’s none of my business. b. That’d be lovely. c. Yes, I’d love to.

4. _______

5. Would you prefer orange or cranberry juice? a. Yes, of course. b. I don’t want. c. I don’t mind.

5. _______

6. I’m terribly sorry about the delay. a. Don’t worry about it. b. You should be. c. You’re welcome.

6. _______

7. Thank you very much. a. Here you are. b. Don’t mention it. c. Welcome.

7. _______

8. My sister has had an accident. a. Really? b. I’m sorry to hear that. Is she all right? c. I’m sorry to hear that. Is the car OK?

8. _______

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Quiz. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

12

Factual Selects the possible response and recognizes its use in small talks. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

Value: Attitude

Practices for socializing in a real context. C

MC

NYC

Shows openness when receiving feedback. Obtained value:

31


Activity 13 Search in the internet for the classic song “Getting to know you� that was written for a movie many years ago. Write the lyrics. Underline the Present Simple tense and circle the Present Progressive tense.

Activity

13

Factual Analyzes lyrics from a classic song, identifies verb tenses and integrates vocabulary to his/her daily use. Co evaluation

32

EVALUATION Product: Report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Investigates in the internet a song, identifies verb tenses and acquire new vocabulary for her/his daily use of the language. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Values the use of the standard English vocabulary. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Didactic sequence 2. What do you do every day? Start up activities Activity 1 Write on the lines below the activity that doesn’t belong to each line. 1. Make lunch

Make dinner

Listen to music

Make breakfast

2. Clean

Play basketball

Play the guitar

Relax

3. Brush teeth

Walk the dog

Take a shower

Comb my hair

4. Go to work

Come home

Get dressed

Go to school

5. mop the floor

Read

Do the laundry

Wash dishes

Activity 1a

Write the number on the line. 1.

In what line are three of the activities related to relaxing?

In line ___________

2.

In what line are three of the activities related to cooking?

In line ___________

3.

In what line are three of the activities related to personal hygiene

In line ___________

4.

In what line are three of the activities related to house choirs?

In line ___________

5. In what line are three of the activities related to leaving and In line ___________ 1. ____________________________ 4. _____________________________ returning home? 2. ____________________________ 5. _____________________________ Activity 1b. 3. ____________________________ Do the Criss-Cross puzzle using the above activity verbs?

Across 2. It is Diego's turn to__ the house. 5. Mary Joe __ in a factory. 7. Charles ____ the acoustic guitar. 8. Every day I __the newspaper.

Down

1. Let’s __ a romantic dinner. 3. I__ to classic music in my iPod. 4. Pat __ everybody's hair except hers. 6. You have to__ the bus here.

BLOCK 1

33


Activity 1c Match the underlined household chores verbs to the object needed for the action. Write the number on the left line. _____ To sweep the office floor

1. Vacuum

_____ To wash the office floor

2. Window cleaner

_____ To clean windows and mirrors

3. Garbage can

_____ To clean the wall-to-wall carpet

4. Paper towels

_____ To wipe spilled liquid/to dry hands

5. Broom

_____ To put the trash in

6. Sponge mop

Activity 1d Write your daily or weekly household chores (verbs) on the lines.

Activity

____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

Factual Identifies and understand the use of the Present simple needed to conduct activities of daily living related to different topics as: work, household and leisure activities. Co evaluation

34

EVALUATION Product: Producer excercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

1

Demonstrates the ability to understand basic information needed to conduct activities of daily living. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows initiative and interest by working in class. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Development activities Activity 2 Read the Conversation and answer the questions. Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe: Camille: Mary Joe:

Where do you work Camille? I work for a Travel Agency. Oh! Really? What do you do there? I am a guide. I take people on tours to different sight in Sonora. That sounds interesting! Yes is a great job. I love it, and what do you do? I’m in engineer school, and I have a part-time job, too. Where do you work? In a Factory. Which Factory? Meca S.A. Is not as interesting as your job, besides It takes me an hour to get home from work. Why don’t you come with me in one of the tours? It would be very exciting! Where would we go exactly? The route starts at Ures, then following the river we get to Baviacora and to the main attraction, the thermal spring waters. Where is that? It is in Aconchi, a very popular natural spa. Do you visit all those places? How interesting. Yes, we usually visit 4 more places and finish the tour in Cananea. When is the next “Rio Sonora Route” going to be? I’ll send you a schedule and a triptych with all the information. Ok, let me know so I can make plans.

What does Camille do at work? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ How does Camille like her job? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ Does Mary Joe like her job? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ Where does Camille invite Mary Joe? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ Where are the thermal spring waters? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ What plans do they have? __________________________________________________________________________________________________

BLOCK 1

35


Grammar Point Activity 2

Review the grammar with your teacher. Simple Present I/You /She We/They do work go have take study Studies eat play visit make clean

He does works goes has takes eats plays visits makes cleans

WH-questions What do you do? Where do you work? Where do you go to school? How do you like your school? What does he do? Where does she work? Where does he go every day? What does he study?

Statements I am a student. I work in/at a restaurant. I go to university of Sonora. I like it very much. He is an engineer. She works for Ford Company. He goes to the library every day. He studies accounting.

Activity 2a

Complete the Conversations.

a. What __________you __________? b. I am a student I study business. a.

And __________ do you __________ to school?

b. I __________to University of Sonora. a.

__________ do you like your classes?

b. I __________ them a lot.

a.

What __________ Alex do?

b. He is a teacher. He _______________ mathematics at a school in Obregon city. a.

And what about Frederick? Where __________ he work?

b. He _______________ for an editing company a.

What __________ he do, exactly?

b. He _______________ publications.

36

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


a.

What _______________ your brother __________?

b. He is an accountant. He ___________ for a construction company. a.

What __________ he do?

b.

He _______________ in the payroll department.

a. _______________ He likes his job? b. He says that he ____________ it.

Activity 2b

Complete the question in each conversation. 1. Where _______________ you work? I work in a department store. 2. What _______________ she do? She is a computer programmer. 3. Where does Caroline _______________ to school? She goes to IA University. 4. How _______________ does she like the classes? She likes them very much. 5. When _______________ you walk your dog? I walk my dog every afternoon.

Activity

2

Factual Identifies the use of Wh questions and auxiliary Do in the present tense used in activities of daily living. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

EVALUATION Product: Grammar review. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Practices simple present Wh-questions with the auxiliary Do and statements using I, you, he, and she. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Values his/her charming state sights and integrates new vocabulary to his/her knowledge. Obtained value:

37


Activity 3 Search on the web for more information about the “Rio Sonora Route� make a schedule of a trip Giving all the information that Camille wants to give to Mary Joe (in the conversation in activity 2). Write it on a separate paper and paste it here.

Information at: http://www.gotosonora.com/rio-sonora-route.htm http://www.sonoraturismo.gob.mx/ruta-rio-sonora.htm

Factual

EVALUATION Product: Schedule. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

Writes a schedule based on the information taken from the internet and integrates different topics vocabulary to his/her knowledge.

Elaborates a schedule based on a reading from the internet. Uses a reading comprehension strategy.

Activity

Co evaluation

38

3

C

MC

Value:

NYC

Attitude Integrates the use of technology to search for information as he/she values the beautiful great attractions in Sonora. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 4 What do they do? What do you know about these jobs?

Complete this chart. A teacher

Nurse

Engineer

Works in a school Has a classroom Works long hours Helps people learn

Activity 4a Write sentences describing each job, using he or she. A teacher works in a school. She has a classroom, she works long hours. She helps people learn.

Activity 4b

Write a description of what you do. I am a student. I go ‌

BLOCK 1

39


Activity 4c Pair Work. Go back to didactic sequence 2 and read the dialogue and with the help of your partner identify the difference between JOB and WORK. Check the box. 1.

She's got a new _____. Job Work 2. They did a great _____ fixing my computer. Job Work 3. He's got _____ with the government. Job Work 4. Ironing is hard ____. Job Work 5. If ____ is worth doing, it's worth doing well. Job Work 6. You've never done a day's _____ in your life. Job Work 7. There will be a lot of ____ losses when the factory closes. Job Work 8. She's always changing ___. Job Work 9. I've got _____ working for a bank. Job Work 10. It took me an hour to get home from ____ yesterday. Job work 11. Let's try to make the best of a bad ____. Job work 12. ________ in pairs. Job work

Activity

4

Factual Identifies what the people do according to their job and recognizes the use of the words: job and work. Co evaluation

40

EVALUATION Product: Excercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Applies the Simple present tense used to conduct activities related to professions and occupations at the same time uses the word job and work correctly. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Collaborates and shows respect to his/her partner when working in pairs. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 5 Read other Professions and Occupations What does he/she do? Follows detailed instructions on blueprints while installing pipes

Profession or Occupation Plumber

Studies rocks that make up the earth's crust

geologist

Influences people by performing in a play

actor

Works with computers while doing repetitive and analytical work

programmer

Communicates ideas while hosting a radio talk show

announcer

Takes responsibility for helping people learn

teacher

Works with people to help improve their vision

optician

Takes responsibility to plan the contents of a publication

editor

Expresses facts and ideas through written news articles

reporter

Follows strict standards when filling a prescription

pharmacist

Meets strict standards when repairing an automobile

mechanic

Takes responsibility for handling large amounts of money

teller

Works under stress while driving long distances to deliver products

truck driver

Grows vegetable crops involving many changing duties

farmer

Follows set standards while conducting experiments in a chemical laboratory

chemist

Follows instructions while applying paint to walls

painter

Deals with people to give legal advice

lawyer

Takes responsibility while working with people to deliver health services

dentist

Follows recipes while preparing fancy meals

chef

Activity 5a

Match the profession or occupation to what they do. Write the number in the parenthesis. 1. Geologist ( ) Writes news articles 2. Editor

(

) Drives to places to deliver products

3. Optician

(

) Gives legal advice to people

4. Pharmacist

(

) Hosts a radio talk show

5. Announcer

(

) Specialist in the study of rocks

6. Mechanic

(

) Makes glasses to improve vision

7. Truck driver

(

) Notifies news, facts, and articles

8. Teller

(

) Plans the content of publications

9. Reporter

(

) Fixes and repairs cars

10. Lawyer

(

) Works in a drugstore filling prescription

BLOCK 1

41


Activity 5b Write the occupation or profession under each picture.

______________________ _____________________ _____________________

___________________

_____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________

Activity 5c

Complete the dialogues.

a.

Hello! I am the new ______________

a.

Do you know the name of the _________________ who described the processes that have shaped the surface of the earth? b. Is he the person that wrote about _____________and earth’s crust? a. Yes, what’s his ____________? b. His name is James Hutton.

Can I help you? b. Yes, I want a bottle of this. a. Sorry, if you don’t have your _________________ I can’t sell you anything. b. Oh, I have the prescription with me, would you fill it up? please.

James hutton

Activity

Factual Identifies and acknowledges vocabulary related to occupations and professions relating the present Simple need to conduct work activities. Co evaluation

42

EVALUATION Product: Exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5

Value: Attitude

Recognizes vocabulary of professions and occupations and apply it to activities related to work activities. C

MC

NYC

Integrates responsibly new vocabulary to his/her knowledge. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Closing activities Activity 6 Read the table of does and doesn’t of professions and occupations and with the help of your teacher write what each person CAN or CAN’T do. Example: a mechanic/ a farmer A mechanic CAN repair an automobile but CAN’T grow crops and vegetables as a farmer does. 1. a plumber/a Chemist _______________________________________________________________________________________ 2.

a geologist/ an editor

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.

a chef/an actor

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.

an optician/ a truck driver

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 5.

a dentist/ a lawyer

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 6.

A pharmacist/ a teller

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 7.

a programmer/ a reporter

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 8.

a chemist/ a truck driver

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 9.

an actor/ a lawyer

_______________________________________________________________________________________________ 10. a painter/ a chef _______________________________________________________________________________________________

BLOCK 1

43


Activity 6a Write an “indefinite article” before each of the professions and occupations.

1. __________ plumber 2. _________ geologist 3. __________ actor 4. __________ programmer 5. __________ announcer 6. __________ teach Indefinite Articles - "A" and “AN" signal that the noun modified is indefinite, referring to any member of a group. - Remember, using “A” or “AN” depends on the SOUND that begins the next word. - “A” with singular noun begins with a consonant: A book - A problem But: A university - A hotel - “AN” with singular noun begins with a vowel: An egg - An acorn But: An hour - An historical event

7. __________ optician 8. __________ editor 9. __________ reporter 10. __________ pharmacist 11. __________ mechanic

-Note: A and AN are used with professions and occupations: A doctor – An engineer

12. __________ teller 13. __________ truck driver 14. __________ farmer 15. __________ chemist

16. __________ painter

+

17. __________ lawyer 18. __________ dentist 19. __________chef

Activity

6

Factual Identifies and acknowledges vocabulary related to occupations and professions linking the present Simple need to conduct work activities. Co evaluation

44

a

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Recognizes vocabulary of professions and occupations and apply it to activities related to work activities. C

MC

NYC

Value:

s i n g u l a r

Attitude Integrates the new vocabulary to his/her knowledge. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS

n o u n b e g i


Identifies and understand the use of the Present simple needed to conduct activities of daily living related to different topics as: work, household and leisure activities.

Describe your hobbies and interests in a simple way

Ask and answer simple questions on familiar topics and about personal details

Make and respond to simple statements http://www.clafoti.com/imagenes/articles.htm

BLOCK 1

Discusses the differences between indefinite articles (a/an) and definite

45


Didactic sequence 3. I will be a computer programmer. Start up activities Activity 1 Complete the analogy; write the letter on the right line. Remember that an analogy is: drawing a comparison in order to show similarity in some respect. Example: Remember: an analogy is drawing a comparison in order to show similarity in some respect. Example: Horses are to past societies as computers are to future societies. Glove is to hand as paint is to wall. 1. Fast is to quick as loud is to _____. a. speedy b. noisy c. concert d. rush 2. Green is to go as yellow is to _____. a. stop b. speed c. slow d. bright 3. Seed is to tree as egg is to _____. a. breakfast b. bird c. sprout d. dozen 4. River is to land as veins are to _____. a. blood b. body c. lake d. highways 5. Rich is to money as well is to _____. a. water b. deep c. health d. wishes 6. Cat is to meow as dog is to ______. a. laugh b. bark c. cuac d. cry

46

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 1a Figure out why the first pair of words go together so that you can finish the second analogy pair. Study: student - teach: ____________________

England: English – French _____________________

Wind: blows – sun: _________________________

I: mine – they: _______________________________

Man: men – mouse: _______________________

bad: worse – good: ___________________________

Small: large – rich: ________________________

come: came – ride: __________________________

Careful: care – beautiful: ___________________

eyes: see – ears: _____________________________

Two: second – six: ________________________

11 th: eleventh – 12th. ___________________________

I: mine – She: ____________________________

pretty: ugly – short: ___________________________

Ability: can – Future: ______________________

Doctor: Hospital – Secretary: ___________________

Activity 1b

Compare your answers with a partner. You can practice at: http://www.sadlier-oxford.com/phonics/analogies/analogiesx.htm

Activity

1

Factual Identifies words that show similarity to form analogies. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

EVALUATION Product: Review. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Practices grammar and vocabulary by forming analogies and recognizing similarities between words. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows respect when collaborating with classmates. Obtained value:

47


Development activities Activity 2a

Read the dialogue and answer the questions. Diana:

I am so excited! We are going to have our summer vacations!

Alex:

What are you going to do?

Diana:

I will look for a summer job. What will you do?

Alex:

Well, I am going to rent a condominium in Rocky Point. I am going to take long walks along the beach and I am going to swim every day.

Diana:

It sounds great!

Alex:

Why don’t you come with us?

Diana:

No, I told you I’m going to look for a summer job. I won’t go on vacations.

Alex:

Oh, my uncle is looking for someone to help him in his computer store. You only need to recognize inside and out

Grammar point Future using WILL and Going to We use will for prediction when we have no real evidence: "It will snow this winter”, and when there are no plans or decision to do something: I think I'll go to your house tomorrow. We use going to for prediction when there is some real evidence: "It's going to snow this afternoon”, and when we have the intention to do something: I am going to buy a computer.

operating system vocabulary. Diana:

I use the computer to do my tasks, but…..

Alex:

Don’t worry, you know enough and I am going to send you everything I have and my computer dictionary.

Diana:

That sounds great! Call your uncle and make an appointment for me, please.

Alex:

I’ll make an appointment for you. I wish you good luck!

Diana:

You too, have a nice vacation.

Negative form Will not – Are Going to – Is going to _ Am going to _

Won’t aren’t going to isn’t going to am not going to

1. Why is Diana very excited? __________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. What is Diana going to do on vacations? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is Alex going to do on vacations? _______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Is Diana going to Rocky Point? ______________________________________________________________________ 5. What is Alex going to do to help Diana to find a job? ____________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 2b Underline be going to and Will used for future tense. Compare the underlined words with your classmates.

48

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 2c Complete the conversation with appropriate form of be going to or will. A:

Have you made any vacation plans?

B:

Well, I’ve decided on one thing. I ____________________ go to Navojoa.

A:

That’s great! how long?

B:

I ___________________be away for a week. I only have five days vacation.

A:

So, when are you leaving?

B:

I’m not sure. I ____________ probably leave around the end of June. I won’t have long term vacations.

A:

And where _________ you _______________go?

B:

I guess I ___________ go to Tucson.

A:

_________ you ______________go with anyone?

B:

No, I ________________travel alone.

Activity 2d Think about your next vacation. Write answers to these questions. (If you already have plans, use be going to. If you don’t have fixed plans, use will. Use negative forms if necessary). 1.

How are you going to spend your next vacations? _______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Are you going to go anywhere? _______________________________________________________________

3.

When are you going to take your vacations? ____________________________________________________

4.

What are you going to do? ___________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Are you going to travel with your family?________________________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written excersice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

2

Factual Identifies the grammar structure “be going to” and the modal “will”. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

Value:

Demonstrates the ability to use and identify proper future forms. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Shows respect when working individually and in a collaborative setting. Obtained value:

49


What Diana needs to know about Computer System. Dictionary Use Activity 3 Look for the meaning of the following words in the Computer Dictionary.

Hard drive ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Windows______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Operating system ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Upgraded ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Graphics _____________________________________________________________________________________________ BIOS _________________________________________________________________________________________________ System8______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ User friendly __________________________________________________________________________________________ DOS _________________________________________________________________________________________________ Essential _____________________________________________________________________________________________

You can find a computer dictionary at: http://www.computer-dictionary-online.org/ http://library.thinkquest.org/C0113882/diction.shtml

50

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 3a Do the Criss-Cross puzzle using the computer system words above.

Down 1. Media device used to permanently store all data. 2. A software or hardware device designed to make the use of computer easy. 3. Allows a user to work easily with many programs and view multiple programs. 4. It describes updating a software program. 5. Basic input/output system. 6. A digitized version of a photograph. 7. Disk operating system. Across 8. Software program that enables the hardware communicate and operate with the computer.

to

Activity 3b

Learn more about Microsoft Windows quick links, since windows is one of the most common operating systems (OS) used today - particularly by students like you.

Menu bar Title bar Toolbar Minimize Maximize / Resize Close Vertical scroll bar Status bar Horizontal scroll bar Sizing handle

BLOCK 1

51


Activity 3c Answers the questions. Are the names of the quick links the same in your language? __________________________________________________ Do you name the quick links in Spanish or English? _________________________________________________________ In what bar do you find the resize link? _____________________________________________________________________ What do you find in the Menu Bar? ________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ When do you use the vertical scroll bar? ___________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Play and learn more about computers: http://www.computerlabkids.com/parts.htm

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Practice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

3

Factual Defines and distinguishes computer information and vocabulary. Co evaluation

52

Value: Attitude

Integrates new vocabulary to be used when working with new operating systems. C

MC

NYC

Integrates vocabulary to her/his knowledge the use of the dictionary. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Grammar Point Modal Verbs Modal verbs give additional information about the mood of the main verb that follows it. They help to incorporate or add the level of necessity: Modal verbs Negative form Must = obligation, requirement, and no choice. Must not mustn’t Should = recommendation or advice. Should not shouldn’t Can/could = ability. Cannot can’t Could not couldn’t May/might = option, choice, or possibility. May not __ May= Permission Might not __

Activity 4 Read Carefully.

Dos and Don’ts of Computer Care Computers need special care and attention in order to perform properly and safely. There are several specialized tasks such as defragmenting, scanning and reformatting that computer experts can do to keep the internal system of a computer working well. However, we'll leave these tasks to the experts for now and concentrate on some daily do's and don'ts that any computer user should know. This may seem like a simple topic, but computers require special cleaning even on the outside. Keeping your system free of dust, dirt and liquids is the first step to computer care. There are some general tips that you should always remember: 

You must never spray your monitor screen (or any other computer component) with glass cleaner. Instead, you may spray a lint-free cloth lightly with glass cleaner and then clean the screen.

Computer components should be kept as dust-free as possible.

For safety reasons, you must never use your computer during a storm.

You must keep all liquids and food items away from your computer.

You should install, use, and regularly update virus software.

You must never open an e-mail attachment unless you know and trust the person who sent it.

You must not accept downloads from Internet sites that you don't know and trust.

Following these guidelines should help you to take good care of your computer system, so that you can get lots of enjoyment from it.

Activity 4a

Write a statement from the reading that means: Ability: _________________________________________________________________________________________ Obligation: _____________________________________________________________________________________ Advice: ________________________________________________________________________________________ Option: ________________________________________________________________________________________

BLOCK 1

53


Activity 4b Read the statements and answer TRUE or FALSE on the lines. 1.

You may not use the computer during storm.

______________

2.

Spray your computer with household cleanser to keep it clean.

______________

3.

Spilling liquids in your computer won’t hurt it.

______________

4.

Keeping your computer dust-free can help it last longer.

______________

5.

.The computer won’t be damage while I eat chocolate.

______________

6.

Downloading from internet sites could expose your computer to dangerous viruses.

7.

______________

Opening an e-mail attachment could download a virus into your computer system.

______________

8.

Canned air can be used to clean your computer keyboard.

______________

9.

Your mouse should never need cleaning.

______________

10. You should remove the computer cover monthly to clean inside.

______________

Activity 4c.

Fill in the spaces with the right modal verbs. 1 I ______________________speak English very fluently.

Ability (negative modal)

2

He doesn't sing very well now, but he _______________sing beautifully when he was a child.

Past ability

3

You ____________ eat those mushrooms; they ___________be poisonous.

Advice (negative modal) Possibility

4

I ______________ write English well, but I have trouble speaking. You __________________ pay the rent tomorrow. The owner is very strict about paying on time.

Ability

Jenny's ring is enormous! It _______________ cost a fortune.

Possibility

5

6 7

Obligation

Permission __________________ I borrow your car this weekend?

8

You _______________have at least a bachelor's degree to apply.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

4

Factual Identifies the “Modal Auxiliaries” in a text and defines the level of necessity. Co evaluation

54

Obligation

Value:

Applies the “Modal Auxiliaries” identifying the level of necessity. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Shows respect when working individually and in a collaborative setting. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Closing activities Microsoft Windows quick links.

Activity 5 Choose the corresponding word from the box for each sentence. Recycle Bin – Task bar – Start menu – icon - tool bar – little bar – control panel 1. The start menu and the clock are found on the _________________________________. 2. An _________________________________ is a small picture that links to a file or program. 3. At the top of each window the __________________contains the title and buttons to close. 4. You put things in the _____________________________ that you don’t longer use or want 5. The ________________________________ contains important system controls. 6. The ___________________________below the menu, contains icons that allow you to perform specific tasks. 7. The ___________________________contains a menu with the words: log off, installed programs, my music, etc.

Activity 5a

Look at the computer parts and answer the questions. 1. The______________________________ moves the cursor around the screen. 2.

The _____________________________ allows you to see what you are doing in the computer

3.

The

_____________________________

allows

you

to

save

information from the computer 4.

The _____________________________

lets you burn and save

information from the computer. 5.

The _____________________________ transfers data from a computer onto paper.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5

Factual Identifies computer information and vocabulary. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

Value:

Applies computer vocabulary and identifies present tense verbs in third person. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Shows respect when working individually and in a collaborative setting. Obtained value:

55


Activity 6 Complete the statements with the appropriate future form.

A: How old are you, Charlie? B: I'm eighteen years old. But I _______________________to be nineteen on January 6th. A: That's next Friday! What _______________________________________to do? B: Belem ____________________________________to take me to a restaurant. A: Nice ! ___________________she ________________to order a birthday cake? The B. waiters_______ probably _______________to sing "Happy Birthday" to me. It's so embarrassing! A: Oh, I bet it_________________________________ to be fun. B: I don't know. I hope so. When's your birthday? A: It's in September. B: September what? A: September 8th. B: And __________________you _____________________to be eighteen? A: I'm eighteen now. I _______________________________to be nineteen. B: Oh. So, do you have any plans? A: Well, my birthday is on a Saturday this year, so I __________________________ to have a party. And, I'm going to invite you and Belem. Will you come? B:Well, I think I will. Belem will probably come, too.

Activity 6b

Write a similar dialogue givng information about your friend’s and your own birthday. A B. A. B A. B. A. B. A. B. A. B. A. B. A.

56

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Activity 6c Choose the correct future form in parenthesis and write it on the line. 1. Peter (is / is going to be) fifty next Friday. _____________________ 2.

Oh no! I've broken the vase. What (am I going to say / will I say)? ________________________________

3. Jack (is having / will have) a dinner party next Saturday. _______________________________ 4. By the time you arrive, I'll (have been / be) working for two hours. _______________________________ 5. John hasn't eaten. - (I will make / I am going to make) him a sandwich.___________________ 6. We'll go out for dinner when he (gets in / will get in). ___________________________________ 7. Unless he arrives soon, we (will not go/ are not going) to the party. ______________________ 8. (I will be studying / I will have studied) at 9 tomorrow evening. __________________________ 9. (We will have finished / We will finish) by 9 o'clock. ____________________________________ 10. Look at those clouds! It (is going to rain / will rain)! ____________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written dialogues. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

6

Factual Identifies the future forms: will – be going to. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

Value:

Applies and practices the appropriate future forms to be used in his/her real context. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Values the correct use of grammar. Obtained value:

57


Activity 7. The Future Computer 1.

Investigate about “Future Computers” and write a report. How will they be like? What will they do?

_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

Activity Factual Recognizes the use of the future form and verifies his/her writing skills. Co evaluation

58

7

EVALUATION Product: Report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Searches for information using reading comprehension strategies that will help him/her to write a report. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Appreciates the information to be used in a written report. Obtained value:

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


The Evolution of the Computer

Activity 8

Search for information‌.(OPTION) ABOUT COMPUTER EVOLUTION. Then, look at the picture below and write the images in chronological order according to their development. (size, speed, parts, etc.)

1940s_________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Computer of the future __________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

8

Factual Organizes information in chronological order. Co evaluation

BLOCK 1

Value:

Reads information about computer evolution to be register in chronological order. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Shows respect when working individually and in a collaborative setting. Obtained value:

59


60

REVIEWS AND CONVEYS INTO WRITTEN DAILY SITUATIONS


Competencias Disciplinares básicas: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Realiza comprensiones oral y auditiva de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma. Realiza comprensión escrita y de lectura de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma. Realiza expresión o producción oral en otro idioma. Realiza interacción oral en otro idioma. Realiza expresión o producción escrita de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma.

Unidad de competencia:

Escribe documentos formales e informales y responde correctamente a documentos y formatos empleando vocabulario y estructuras gramaticales en Inglés. Durante el presente bloque se busca desarrollar los siguientes atributos de las competencias genéricas: 4.1 Expresa ideas y conceptos mediante representaciones lingüísticas, matemáticas o gráficas. 4.2 Aplica distintas estrategias comunicativas según quienes sean sus interlocutores, el contexto en el que se encuentra y los objetivos que persigue. 4.3 Identifica las ideas claves en un texto o discurso oral e infiere conclusiones a partir de ellas. 4.4 Se comunica en una segunda lengua en situaciones cotidianas. 4.5 Maneja las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para obtener información y expresar ideas. 6.4 Estructura ideas y argumentos de manera clara, coherente y sintética. 7.1 Define metas y da seguimiento a sus procesos de construcción de conocimiento. 8.2 Aporta puntos de vista con apertura y considera los de otras personas de manera reflexiva. 10.3 Asume que el respeto de las diferencias es el principio de integración y de convivencia en los contextos local, nacional e internacional.

BLOCK 2. Writes formal and informal documents and formats.

Time assigned: 20 hours.


Didactic Sequence 1. Punctuation. Start up activities Activity 1 Unscramble punctuation mark words. Write each name on the line.

?

nioquset kram _____________________________________________

,

momac _____________________________________________

!

Claamextion noitpn ____________________________________________

.

deprio ____________________________________________

@

gisn ta _____________________________________________

tatquoion mkar _____________________________________________

;

secolmion _____________________________________________

Hckec karm _____________________________________________

:

ooncl _____________________________________________

( ) Parhesesent _________________________________________

Activity 1a What punctuation marks were used to draw this face?

Nose ___________________________________________ Beard __________________________________________ Ears ___________________________________________ Hair ___________________________________________ EYES ___________________________________________ Activity Factual Recognizes punctuation marks.

1

EVALUATION Product: Diagnosis. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Recognizes punctuation marks by ordering words and by looking for the resemblance of signs. C

Auto evaluation

62

MC

Value: Attitude Shows initiative when working in basic exercises.

NYC Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Development activities Punctuation. Punctuation marks are used to help understand the meaning of a sentence. They are symbols that are used to aid the clarity and comprehension of written language. Punctuation is very important, especially when used well— can make our intended meaning clear. Reviewing the rules of punctuation marks usage will help you understand the way sentences are built. PUNCTUATION . Period

, Comma

; Semicolon

: Colons

(….) Parentheses

BLOQUE 2

RULES 1. The period is known as end mark. This punctuation mark shows where a sentence ends. It is used in declarative or imperative sentences. 2. Use a period after abbreviations and initials. 1. Commas separate items in a series also it separates compound sentences. 2. Do not use commas to separate items in series when they are connected by and - or. 3. Use comma after an introductory sentence. 4. Use comma to separate adjectives that come before a noun. 5. Also Use comma after yes, no, well, when they introduce a sentence. 6. Use comma after using interrupting or transition words (list of transition words in the following pages). 7. Use comma when a name of a person or direct address is used in a sentence. 8. Use comma in business letters, when writing the dates, in the closing, between cities and states, and in addresses.

1. Semicolons are used to connect sentences related in thought, they indicate a pause and an idea, the pause is long but not as long as the pause indicated by a period. 2. Use semicolon to join statements when the second word begins with a transitions word. 1. Colons are used after a salutation in business letters. 2. between hours and minutes in time. 3. Before a list or an explanation. Parenthesis in singular, are used in pairs to separate text from other text without destroying the meaning of a sentence and tO INCLUDE material that you want to de-emphasize

EXAMPLE 1. Hermosillo is an interesting city. -Send me a return letter. -Chomsky N. is a famous Linguist. 2. Ford Co. 1-Frederick, Edna, Marina, Richard, Albert, and Bernie are members of the Soto Family. 2. Do you prefer chicken or meat sandwich? -He reads books about art and history and music. 3. When the evening came, we set the -table for dinner. 4. My friend is a tall, slim, and blond girl. 5. Yes, I understand the meaning. 6. I’m going to run in the N.Y. marathon, by the way, are you going with me? -I, however, admit my errors. 7. Excuse me, Sir, may I come in? Did you call me, Adrian? 8. March 21, 2010 Yours truly, Nogales, AZ 1. My vacation was fun; I needed a vacation very much. 2. You didn’t come; therefore, we didn’t watch the movies. 1.Dear Sir: 2. See you at 8:00 P.M. 3.The committee now includes the following people: the major the chief police the fire chief - The song “Yesterday” was composed by Paul McCartney (one of the Beatles). - Alamos (located in Sonora) is very famous for its festivals.

63


Activity 2 Add periods and commas where necessary. Rewrite the sentences on the lines. A. Please bring me a menu I thing I’ll have a hamburger yogurt and coffee ______________________________________________________________________________________ B. Yes buy the ingredients Buy cake mix frosting and chocolate chips ______________________________________________________________________________________ C. No I don’t think Pele was his real name ______________________________________________________________________________________ D. There are business letter friendly letters formal and informal letter ______________________________________________________________________________________ E. J F Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas Texas ______________________________________________________________________________________ F. Monday May 24 2005 was a great day in my life ______________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 2a Add colons or semicolons to the sentences, rewrite them on the lines. A. At the library, I went to the History section Mary went to the fiction section. __________________________________________________________________________________ B. Use the following ingredients tomatoes, onion and potatoes. ______________________________________________________________________________________ C. The baseball game begins at 3 00 this Sunday the football game begins at 2 ______________________________________________________________________________________ D. Empalme is located at the south of Sonora Nogales is located at the north. ______________________________________________________________________________________ E. In Mexico, we use the following source or energy gas, oil and electricity. ______________________________________________________________________________________

64

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 2b You can read in the chart the many uses that the comma has. Write an example for each use. 1. Writing dates: ____________________________________________ 2. separate items: __________________________________________

______________________________________________________ 3. After yes, no sentences:___________________________________

Don't use commas where you should use

.

a full-stop ( ). If the words could stand alone as a proper sentence then you need to put a full-stop or a joining word ('and', 'but' etc) in and not a comma. Yesterday I went to work, walked the dog, went shopping and washed the car.

4. After introductory sentence: _____________________________________________________________________ 5. After a transition word:__________________________________________________________________________

Activity 2c Using Commas. Decide which sentence is Correct, write a checkmark (

) on the right line.

I opened the door, but no-one was there. But I opened the door, no-one was there.

_____ _____

The car broke down so, I had to walk. The car broke down, so I had to walk.

_____ _____

We must have more money time, workers and equipment to complete the project. We must have more money, time, workers and equipment to complete the project.

_____ _____

I like plants, I want a large garden. I want a large garden because I like plants.

_____ _____

I switched on the computer, started up Firefox, and went to my favorite Web site. I switched on the computer, started up Firefox and went to my favorite Web site.

_____ _____

Although, we have no money, we're still happy. We're still happy, although we have no money.

_____ _____

Stephen Harper, Barack Obama, and Felipe Calderon, are going to have a meeting in Ottawa. _____ Stephen Harper, Barack Obama, and Felipe Calderon are going to have a meeting in Ottawa. _____ I cancelled the class because, only three students came. I cancelled the class because only three students came.

_____ _____

Mary has a car, a motorbike, and a bicycle. Mary has a car, a motorbike, a bicycle

_____ _____

My mother ordered fish, my father ordered steak, and I asked for a vegetable dish. My mother ordered fish, my father ordered steak and, I asked for a vegetable dish.

_____ _____

BLOQUE 2

65


What are transition words? Transition words and phrases help make clear connections between ideas and see that sentences and paragraphs flow together smoothly, making them easier to read.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Punctuation practice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

2

Factual Identifies punctuation marks, uses and rules. Auto evaluation

after all however for instance for example by the way furthermore

Value: Attitude

Recognizes and applies the correct use of commas and semicolons. C

MC

besides in fact to tell the truth in my opinion on the other hand in addition

NYC

Integrates the rules of punctuation marks to her/his knowledge. Obtained value:

Activity 3 Pair work. Insert COMMAS wherever you think they belong. Twelve commas are missing. Read the paragraph aloud to your partner and then have your partner read aloud to you. This will help to be able to hear where commas are needed. The Least Successful Car In 1957 Ford produced the car of the decade--the Edsel. Half of the models sold proved to be spectacularly defective. If lucky the proud owner of an Edsel could enjoy any or all of the following features: doors that wouldn't close hoods and trunks that wouldn't open batteries that went dead horns that stuck hubcaps that dropped off paint that peeled transmissions that seized up brakes that failed and push buttons that couldn't be pushed even with three people trying. In a stroke of marketing genius the Edsel one of the largest and most lavish cars ever built coincided with rising public interest in economy cars.

66

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 3a Insert colons and commas where necessary. Write in the parenthesis the number of commas and colons that are needed. 1.

Your dedicated reader requires three props a book a light and a comfortable chair. (_____colons, ____ commas).

2.

Here are the most common names of girls born after 1990 Anne Joan Crystal and Linda. (_____ colons, _____ commas).

3.

Criminals will always have a source for guns the black market. (_____ colons, ____ commas).

4.

My mother always said "An apple a day keeps the doctor away." (_____colons, ____ commas).

5.

Everything pointed to one conclusion he was insane. (_____colons, ____ commas).

6.

Males' favorite activities are eating watching TV and fixing things around the house. (_____ colons, ____ commas).

7.

Last year was a bad time for Jane she lost her cat moved to a new town and got the mumps. (_____colons, ____ commas).

8.

I was always terrified when I heard that announcement on TV "It's 6 30. Do you know where your children are?" (_____ colons, ____ commas).

Activity 3b Board writing activity. Discuss in class the number of commas and colons you needed. With the help of your teacher take turns to write the sentences on the board.

BLOQUE 2

67


Activity 3c Using Colons and Semi-Colons.

Go to web page: http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/StudyZone/410/grammar/colons1.htm

Download, practice and print. Post the exercise here.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Punctuation practice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

3

Factual Identifies punctuation marks, uses and rules. Auto evaluation

68

Value:

Recognizes and applies the correct use of commas colons and semicolons. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Shows respect for partners when passing to the board and accepts feedback Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Development activities PUNCTUATION @ (‘) Apostrophe

ABC Capital Letters

Hyphen & Ampersand (__) Dash

Check Mark

“… ” Quotation Marks

BLOQUE 2

RULES

EXAMPLE

The @ on keyboards and in email addresses is called the "at sign."

riobravo@yahoo.com simson9@gmail.com

The apostrophe is used to form the possessive of noun, it also indicates the omission of a letter in contractions.

That is Albert’s i-pod. We’ll graduate in two more years.

1.Capital letters must be used when writing proper nouns, like a particular person, place, or thing, Also names of days, months, holidays, languages, nationalities, must be capitalized. 2. Capitalize names of streets, boulevards, clubs, companies, organizations, business, and institutions. 3. capitalize the first word in a sentence and the first word of a direct quotation. 4. Capitalize the first word in a letter salutation, the names or titles of a person addressed and the fist word in a letter closing.

1. The Kenyan, Martin Lel, won the 2007 New York City Marathon on Sunday November 4, 2007. The Mexican Adrian Corrales ran in the New York City Marathon with an official time of 3:48 hrs. 2. She lives on Fifth Street. We drove all the way Rosales Boulevard. 3. The Marathon began at 10:10 A.M. He replied “It is not true”. 4. Dear Sir: / Sincerely yours,

Hyphens (-) are used to divide a word at the end of a line, they are used at the end of a line, with compound numbers, and fractions.

Nogales is located at the north of the State of Sonora in the Country -Mexico. There is a custom office at kilometer twenty – one.

An ampersand is a symbol that means "and." A dash is used instead of a colon (:) before a list of people or things, when you want to emphasis the information. Is used to conclude a list of elements. A check mark is used to note that something has been done or is correct. 1. Quotations are used to enclose a person’s exact word, use a comma after the quotation. If periods, question, and exclamation marks, are part of a quotation, they are place inside the quotation marks. 2. Use quotations when using titles. 3. Don’t use quotations with a indirect question

You & I is a song. -All the high schools were at the conference ____ Cobach, Cetis, Cecites, UVM, and all private high school. -Gelatin, cream, cream cheese ___ all go in this rich dessert Mexican citizen 1. “Come with me,” said my mother. 2. Song: “Yesterday” -Poem: “Hope” 3. My father whishes that he could go to Cancun.

69


Activity 4 Choose the corresponding punctuation mark for each sentence and write the number in the parenthesis. (

) Separates information into readable units.

1. a hyphen

(

) Goes at the end of a sentence.

2. A comma

(

) Indicates that a list, quotation or summary is about to follow.

3. A period

(

) Separates two complete but closely linked sentences.

4. A colon

(

) Indicates either a contraction or a possessive.

5. A semicolon

(

) Links two or more words so that they work as one idea.

6, an apostrophe

Activity 4a Write the statements using (‘) contractions. Check with your teacher and classmates. Example: My husband's cousin has got a house in Alamos. My husband’s cousin’s got a house in Alamos. A. I would like to. _________________________________________________________________________ B. You had better not! __________________________________________________________________________ C. It should not matter. _____________________________________________________________________________ D. That is the truth, is it not? __________________________________________________________________________ E. I am late, am I not? __________________________________________________________________________ F. Your father will fix it, will he not? __________________________________________________________________________ G. I have, but he has not. __________________________________________________________________________ H. Angela's cat would never have done that! __________________________________________________________________________

70

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 4b Insert quotation marks and make corrections where necessary. Rewrite the sentences. 1.

Maggie said, Blow it out your ear, Nick. _________________________________________________________

2.

Hey! Nick said. What did I do to deserve that? ____________________________________________________

3.

Commitment to you is just a joke. ______________________________________________________________

4.

The opening is the most haunting part of the story Family Affair. ____________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Do you know the words to November Rain?______________________________________________________

6.

Flint says, the iguana is the most noble of animals. _______________________________________________

Activity 4c Insert apostrophes where necessary. Rewrite the sentences. 1. Iguanas are fascinating creatures. ______________________________________________________________ 2. What is the schools mascot? __________________________________________________________________ 3. Its not an iguana, thats for sure. ________________________________________________________________ 4. The students top choice was a spider. __________________________________________________________ 5. The student was on the six oclock news.________________________________________________________ 6. I can't believe its all happening. ________________________________________________________________ 7. Sallys and Janes little iguana started the whole thing. _____________________________________________ 8. This could only happen in the 90s. _____________________________________________________________

Activity 4d Board writing activity. Compare with your classmates the rewritten sentences and with the help of your teacher take turns to write the sentences on the board.

BLOQUE 2

71


Activity 4e Punctuate with periods, question marks, colons and semi-colons. •

Greece has many ancient and magnificent places Athens, Sparta, Crete and Delphi

We were all going to the mall we had decided to visit a couple of stores Sears, J C Penny’s , and Dillard’s.

Don’t you think that going to San Carlos takes too much time

We did not find the money however, we did find the briefcase.

The team played terribly we couldn’t even score a goal.

Tiger W decided to follow his instincts.

Some plants do not need oil They perch in trees.

Nogales Magdalena Hermosillo Obregon Navojoa are in the stateattention of Sonora. .

I didn’t go out on vacations I had a good time at home.

First third and fifth semester participated in the conference.

I like orange juice coffee and toast for breakfast

Think of punctuation and mechanics in terms of driving your car. Punctuation and mechanics provide direction and signal the information to which you need to pay

Play the game using commas: http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/words/grammar/punctuation/commas/game.shtml

Activity

4

Factual Identifies punctuation marks, uses and rules. Auto evaluation

72

EVALUATION Product: Punctuation practice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Recognizes and applies the correct use of punctuation marks and expresses knowledge on the board. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows respect for partners when passing to the board and accepts feedback. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 5 Read the paragraph and answer the questions. The @ Sign In some languages @ is simply called "at," in others, a wide variety of interesting nicknames have been developed for this little symbol. Most are based on the shape of the character, others are more abstract. Some are original and unique; for example in Dutch is called “Apestaartje” that means monkey’s tail. Others are derived from other languages. Some have ancient antecedents; others are still "works in progress." (Internet users in Sri Lanka are even now trying to decide what to call @). In some countries, a variety of idiosyncratic names have appeared simultaneously, while in others, government bureaucracies are charged with selecting an "official" term. 1.

What is the name of the “at” sign in your language? _____________________________________

2.

Do you think that “Apestaartje” in Dutch is an original name? ______________________________

3.

What is the relation of the “Apestaartje” word to the shape of the “at” sign? _______________________________________________________________________________

4.

How do the internet users in Sri Lanka call the “at” sign?__________________________________

Activity 5a Insert dashes and parentheses, where necessary. Also insert commas, if necessary. 1.

Honesty decency integrity generosity these were the ideals by which she desired to live.

2.

Some outstanding actors Robert Redford and Paul Newman among them have shared star billing in at least one film.

3.

Everything pointed to one conclusion he was incredibly incurably insane.

4.

Stupid predictable and formulaic television shows destroy our ability to think.

5.

I wonder if are you happy?

6.

My first thought when I saw Mel Gibson aside from utter terror was an overwhelming desire to impress him.

7.

The average life-span of an iguana now about ten years has not significantly changed in the last one hundred years.

8.

Good hygiene requires 1 clean skin 2 clean teeth and 3 clean hair.

9.

Through the use of the Aptitude Test SAT colleges determine which students they will admit.

10. Mel Gibson is an actor director. 11. You may respond by letter and or by e-mail. 12. In the first essay of C.S. Lewis's book, Edmund betrays Lucy 24.

BLOQUE 2

73


Activity 5b Compare with your classmates.

Total number of PARENTHESIS: __________

Total number of COMMAS: __________

Total number of DASHES: _______________

Activity 5c Write the correct punctuation, choosing from parentheses, colons and dashes. Minnie didn't like her name. When she was little, playmates frequently called her "Minnie Mouse." They also called her other names ____"Skinny Minnie," "Minnow," "Money," and Manny." As she grew older, Minnie felt even more disadvantaged by her name. She felt that other women _____ with names like Mary or Carolyn or Elizabeth _____ were taken much more seriously. She also thought that her name sounded far too childish for a person with an M.B.A. degree and ten years of experience in the business world. What she didn't realize _____ while others did _____ was that her name had "staying power." Once others learned her name _____ at business meetings, conventions, or other professional gatherings _____ they didn't forget.

Activity 5d Read the paragraph and answer the questions. 1.

Why didn’t Minnie like her name? _______________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

What happened as she grew older? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Why did others realize that her name had “staying power”? _________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Punctuation practice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5

Factual Identifies punctuation marks, uses and rules. Auto evaluation

74

Value:

Recognizes and applies the correct use of new punctuation marks. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Integrates the rules of new punctuation marks to her/his knowledge. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Capitalization Activity 6 Identify and circle the letters that should be capitalized. 1.

i visited mr. smith, the chairman of the board, on september 10.

2.

president smith gave a speech in which he said "resigning is not an option."

3.

may i visit the oval office, president?

4.

he loved the book, which was called "a day in france."

5.

the federal bureau of investigations (f.b.i.) looks into crimes, and the bureau also protects america.

6.

i am originally from the south of Mexico but now i live in Nogales.

7.

my courses this semester include english, science, and math 100.

8.

the state board collects state and federal taxes.

9.

september and october are the prettiest months of autumn.

10. the book, "the big red dog" is a hit among children: they enjoy reading about the dogs adventures.

Activity 6a

Complete the table with the capitalized words in the sentences above. Number one is given as an example. Sentence

1.

Proper Nouns (person, places, things) I, Smith

Dates (days, months, holidays, languages, nations, nationalities) September

First word in a sentence and in a direct quotation

Salutation, titles of a person Mr., Chairman

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

BLOQUE 2

75


Activity 6b Identify and circle the letters that should be capitalized. 1. I have never had a teacher, who makes things as clear as does teacher jimenez. 2. The parroquia church is one of the most beautiful church buildings in the city. 3. I'm taking math, english, psychology, and art history. 4. She went to college in the south, and then went to a graduate school in the east. 5. I bought some bonds of central vermont public service company because, I think it's a good company. 6. The Hermosillo building is one of the tallest buildings in the city. 7. A school president has a tough job today, according to president ibarra. 8. All of the senators listened to the explanation by senator lopez. 9. I think dad is coming to the play, and perhaps my cousin and my sister will come too. 10. He celebrated on the 16th of september, but had to get back to work on the seventeenth.

Activity 6c

Complete the table with the capitalized words in the sentences above. Sentence

Proper Nouns (person, places, things)

Dates (days, months, holidays,languages, nations, nationalities)

First word in a sentence and in a direct quotation

Salutation, titles of a person

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 6d

Rewrite the following sentences using proper capitalization. 1.

Orson wells mercury theater radio broadcast of “the wars of the worlds� caused mass panic and hysteria on October 30, 1938.

2.

Cruises on the caribbean make stops at the islands of babrbados, trinidad, and jamaica.

3.

My friend, omar mireles, has studied hard at cornell university.

For practicing, Capitalization quiz: http://www.quia.com/quiz/113746.html?AP_rand=1788734577 Practice and print: http://www.ezschool.com/EZSheets/Writing/Capitalize/sheet3.html Activity

EVALUATION Product: Texts capitalization. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

6

Factual Identifies the mechanic of capitalization. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude

Recognizes and applies the correct use of upper and lower case letters. C

MC

NYC

Integrates the rules when using upper and lower case letters. Obtained value:

77


Activity 7 Investigate on the web the story of the ampersand (&) and write it here.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

7

Factual Writes a story of a very used symbol. Auto evaluation

78

Value:

Searches for the story of the ampersand symbol. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Integrates knowledge by searching and writing about a symbol used as a punctuation mark. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 8 Team work. Identify and circle the punctuation and capitalization errors, review the work with your team as you rewrite the paragraphs. ____________________________________________________ A. California becomes a state in september 1850 Today it is the most populous state, with large cities like San francisco San diego and Los angeles. Only the states of alaska and texas are bigger in size than california. California, which borders the country of Mexico, is often called "the Golden State." Do you know about Californias tallest and oldest citizens? The state s redwood trees grow to be 370 feet tall and live more than 1000 years

____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________ B. When he was discovered on september 19 1991, Iceman wore a coat of grass and shoes made from the skins of bear and deer Scientists who examined samples from the mummy say he is about 5300 years old They found signs of his last meal, which consisted of wheat bread and some meat, in his stomach Iceman is now on display at south tyrol Museum of Archaeology in italy. The exhibit is kept at a constant temperature of 21 degrees

____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________

Activity 8b

Review the paragraphs with your teacher.

 Paragraph A needs: 8 Capital letters, 3 commas, 2 periods and 2 apostrophes. Paragraph B needs: 4 Capital letters, 2 commas and 3 periods.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Punctuation practice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

8

Factual Identifies missing punctuation in paragraphs. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude

Writes and comments with partners the missing punctuation in paragraphs. C

MC

NYC

Shows initiative and openness to the feedback given by partners. Obtained value:

79


Closing activities Activity 9 Organize information of “Punctuations Marks” in a map.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: A map. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

9

Factual Organizes in a map: rules, usage and examples of punctuation marks. Auto evaluation

80

Value:

Elaborates a map integrating all the information of PUNCTUATION MARKS. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Integrates the acquire information of punctuation marks organized in a map. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 10 Insert periods, commas, semicolons, apostrophes, quotation marks, colons, dashes, or parentheses where they are required.

Coffee Brewed coffee is the most widely consumed beverage in the world. The trade in coffee beans alone amounts to well over $6000000000 a year and the total volume of beans traded exceeds 4250000 tons a year. Its believed that the beverage was introduced into Arabia in the fifteenth century AD probably by Ethiopians. By the middle or late sixteenth century the Arabs had introduced the beverage to the Europeans. The French Italians and other Europeans incorporated coffee into their diets by the seventeenth century. Only after the Boston Tea Party 1773 did Americans begin drinking coffee in large quantities. Now though the US is one of the top coffee- consuming countries consumption having been spurred on by familiar advertising claims:” Good till the last drop “, Rich hearty aroma, Always rich never bitter. Produced from the fruit of an evergreen tree coffee is grown primarily in Latin America, especially in Chiapas Mexico southern Asia and Africa. Coffee trees require a hot climate high humidity rich soil with good drainage and partial shade. The beans are usually roasted in ovens a chemical process that releases the beans essential oil caffeol which gives coffee its distinctive aroma. Now there are very innovative concepts around this product- like cafes coffee parlors and coffee shops- where you can enjoy a delicious cup of coffee while you chat with friends. In Sonora we can enjoy a cup of coffee in Starbucks D’volada café and Caffenio.

Activity 10a

Discuss with your partner the number of missing punctuation. a. Periods:

_____

e. apostrophes :

_____

b. Commas:

_____

f. Quotation marks:

_____

a.

Semicolons: _____

g. Dashes:

_____

a.

Colons:

h. Parenthesis:

_____

Activity

_____

EVALUATION Product: Punctuated text. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

10

Factual Identifies missing punctuation marks. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude Integrates the acquire information of punctuation to be used in different texts.

Applies Punctuation marks where required C

MC

NYC

Obtained value:

81


Activity 11 For this activity follow the steps: Step 1: Get in teams and read the paragraph. Victor Borge (1909-2000) known as “The Clown Prince of Denmark”, is a very famous pianist, comedian, and conductor. Victor said: “When we read or write we use punctuation marks in order to underline the meaning of our sentences. We don’t use it when we speak, why not integrate punctuation marks in our speech and we can underline what we intend to convey to each other”. So he invented the “Phonetic Punctuation” routines, in which he recites a story, with full punctuation (comma, period, exclamation mark, etc.) as exaggerated onomatopoeic sounds. Step 2: Watch the following videos: Victor Borge, Phonetic Punctuation. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lF4qii8S3gw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N7L02tCNi0I&feature=related Listen to the audio

http://www.kor.dk/borge/b-mus-1.htm

Step 3: Team Practice Choose a story; taking turns recite a paragraph using Borge’s. “Phonetic Punctuation” practice making the sounds as exaggerated as he does.

Step 4: Team presentation Taking turns, in front of the class present your story using “Phonetic Punctuation”.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Oral presentation. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

11

Factual Integrates knowledge to prepare a presentation. Auto evaluation

82

Value: Attitude

Reads and obtains information to be integrated in an oral presentation. C

MC

NYC

Performs in front of the class reciting a story using phonetic punctuation. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Didactic Sequence 2. Start up activity Activity 1 How much do you know about documents? Write the letter in the corresponding parenthesis. 1.

Questionnaire

(

)

2.

Notes

(

)

3.

eFORM

(

)

4.

Invoice

(

)

5.

Fax Format

(

)

6.

Memorandums (

)

a) A form that is filled out when sending documents over te telephone. b) A commercial document used by a seller to a buyer. c) This document follows a friendly letter form. d) This document eliminates the cost of printing, storing and distributing. e) This document can have open or close qestions. f) This document is used to send announcements, instructions, statements and informal reports.

Activity 1a

Fill in the common term format.

BLOQUE 2

83


Activity 1b Read the dialogue and answer the questions: Manager: Pat: Manager: Pat: Manager: Pat:

Good afternoon! Sit down; I’ll be with you in a moment. Good afternoon! Ok I’ll be waiting. For what position are you applying? For the bilingual secretary position. Well, do you have any experience in writing business documents? Yes Sir. I know how to write memorandums, I know how to write and answer questionnaires, and I also know how to write notes. What kind of notes? You see… people from the company where I worked is very sociable so I used to write thank you notes, congratulation notes, sympathy notes, or any kind of sociable note… That’s interesting, what about business letters? Since I was the secretary for the Engineering Department, besides writing notes I wrote letters for placing orders. I used to order power supplies, fixtures and computer equipment to Assemble Co. That’s ok, I see you have some experience in writing documents We’ll call you in a week. Thank you Ma’am.

Manager: Pat: Manager: Pat: Manager: Pat: 1.

What position is Pat applying for? _________________________________________________________________

2.

What experience does Pat have in writing documents? _______________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.

What kind of notes did Pat used to write in her job? __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.

What department did Pat work for? ________________________________________________________________

5.

Do you think Pat will get the job? _________________________________________________________________

6.

What do you know about memorandums? _________________________________________________________

7. Do you know how to fill out a form? _______________________________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Diagnosis task. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

1

Factual Recognizes different documents. Auto evaluation

Value: Attitude

Applies previous knowledge to fill out common term format. C

MC

NYC

Shows initiative when working in basic exercises. Obtained value:

 84

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Development activities Forms, Memos and more… Writing effectively allows you to express your ideas clearly and coherently, and it is an essential part of corresponding with others in the workforce. In the academic and professional world, being able to write well is a key to being successful in nearly every field. Most jobs require writing documents—e-mails, forms, letters, memos, reports, analyses, and the list goes on. The ability to write well is essential in obtaining a job, performing the job, and being promoted. Those who do not write well and who make obvious grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors are at a disadvantage in the corporate world. There are formal and informal documents: Formal documents are the ones used when a company is doing business. Formal documents have a layout to follow. Informal documents are sent to a friend or relative. They have less rigid structure focusing more on the content.

Here are some formal and informal documents:

Questionnaire Questionnaires are a good source to gain information from a large number of people in a structured way according to specific questions. Questionnaires can be very simple or very complex. There are two types of questionnaires: Close format questionnaires, people answer yes or no, good or poor which give information. Example: Do you like action movies?

___YES ___NO

How would you rate the Hotel service?

Good – Poor

little useful

Open format questionnaires, People answer a series of questions thatprovide more useful Information. Example: What is the purpose of the visit to this country? _________ Applications are filled out the same way questionnaires are filled out. People write their personal information for specific purpose, they may be: employment application, rental, employment, membership, business or credit application.

Example of Close format questionnaire:

BLOQUE 2

85


Activity 2 With the help of your teacher create a Close Format Questionnaire with tick boxes or multiple choice answers and write it here. Have a classmate answer the questions. Questionnaire

86

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 2a Answer the Open format questionnaire. This questionnaire is answered at the beginning of a school semester, so your teacher will get to know you better. Students interest Inventory Name____________________________________________________________________________________________ Adults that live with me are: Name: ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Name: ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Name: ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Name: ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Brothers and Sisters: Name: ____________________________________________________________________ Age: __________________ Name: ____________________________________________________________________ Age: __________________ Name: ____________________________________________________________________ Age: __________________ Special Friends: ___________________________________________

_____________________________________________

___________________________________________

_____________________________________________

What I like to do most at home: ______________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ These are my favorite hobbies: _______________________________________________________________________ This is my favorite book: ____________________________________________________________________________ This is my favorite TV show: _________________________________________________________________________ If I had one wish, I would want to _____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ School would be better if ____________________________________________________________________________ This is what my teacher did last year that I liked most: ___________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ This is what my teacher did last year that I liked least: ___________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Questionnaires practice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

2

Factual Recognizes “Close and Open format questionnaire”. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Practices the filling out of “Close and Open format questionnaires”. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows initiative when working in basic exercises. Obtained value:

87


Activity 3 Team work. Make teams of three. Complete the questions and answer them. Then, ask those questions to your classmates. Write your classmate’s answers in student 1 and student 2 columns. In number seven, write any question you want to ask your partners. Make a question! QUESTIONS

YOU

STUDENT 1

STUDENT 2

1. What is your name? 2. Where ___ ___ ______? 3. ___ ___ have brothers or sisters? 4. What ___ ____ favorite sports? 5. ___ many languages ____ you speak? 6. What ___ ____ like doing in your free time? 7. 8. What ___ ___ like doing on weekends? 10. What kind of music ___ ___ like? 11. What ___ ____ favorite colors? 12. What ___ ____ favorite type of clothes? 13. What ___ ____ wearing now? 14. What ____ ____ teacher wearing? 15. What ___ ___ eat last night? 16. Where ____ ____ go on your last vacation? 17. ___ ____ married? 18. _____ ______ children _____ you have? 19. Why ___ you learning English? 20. Where would you like going on vacation?

88

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 3a Discuss question number four with other teams. Count the students who like basketball, volleyball, soccer, etc. Make a graph and present it in class. Example of Questions:

How many students in your team like Basketball? How many students in your team like volleyball? How many students in your team like board skating? How many students in your team like baseball? How many students in your team like ‌?

Activity

3

Factual Organizes a graph presentation writing questions and then integrating the results in the graph. Co evaluation

BLOQUE 2

EVALUATION Product: Graph presentation. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Practices mix-tenses by completing questionnaire’s questions; discusses results with other teams, and reports results. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Collaborates with classmates when working in teams. Obtained value:

89


More Forms

eFORM An eForm is a form where people participate in business or service processes. The information can be recorded and calculated on the computer, stored electronically, then send and e-mailed or printed easily. They are typically used to place orders or provide feedback. An eForm eliminates the cost of printing, storing, and distributing. A digital certificate and an internet explorer 5.5 is required for companies to use an eForm.

INVOICE An invoice or bill is a commercial document issued by a seller to a buyer, indicating the product, quantities, and agreed prices for products or services with which the seller has already provided the buyer. The term invoice indicates money owed or money owing.

90

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 4 Search in the internet for a blank eForm, fill it out, print it, and post it here.

BLOQUE 2

91


Activity 4a Download an invoice, fill it out, print it, and post it here. www.invoice-templates.com

Activity Factual Recognizes formal documents. Auto evaluation

92

4

EVALUATION Product: Legal Documents presentation. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Uses technology to practice filling out formal documents. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Integrates the use of technology when practicing formal documents. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Notes A note is a short letter such as: thank you note, invitation note, congratulation note, sympathy note, social note, etc. A note follows a friendly letter format; it has a heading containing only the date, salutation, body, closing, and signature. An invitation note should tell all the information of the event, where, and when the event will take place. The notes contain these initials at the bottom: R.S.V.P. This is an abbreviation for the French phrase meaning “please respond”. An invitation has to be answered stating why the invitation is accepted or rejected. A social note is called bread and butter note when it is used to thank a host or hostess after staying at their home. Other kinds of notes are important reminders taken in an office inhandwriting, therefore it is important to have a notepad on the desk.

Activity 5

Write on the line the type of “Thank you note”.

1. Business Thanks

2. Birthday thanks

Your presence at ______ memorial service was greatly appreciated. It meant a great deal to us to see you there. Thank you. Sincerely, The Family of _______________

3. Funeral thanks

4. Dinner thanks

Hi [Boss' Name], Just wanted to thank you for the pay increase. I enjoy working at [Company Name] and truly appreciate your confidence and support. Regards, ____________________

____________________________________________

_____________________________________________

Dear Friends, Just wanted to thank you again for dinner the other night. It was so thoughtful of you to turn our night out into a birthday celebration for me. You shouldn't have... but I'm certainly glad you did! What a nice surprise. Thank you so much. We're very lucky to have you as friends and neighbors! Signature ______________ ______________________________________

Dear Jana and Ray, Thanks so much for dinner last night! The food was fabulous and those wines were outstanding. Thanks for sharing them with us! It was so nice to finally catch up. Let's put another date on the calendar soon. Does the 29th work for you? Signature ___________________

____________________________________________

_____________________________________________

Sincerely, BLOQUE 2

93


There are etiquette “Thank you notes” DON’Ts. Make sure you don’t commit these “Thank you note” etiquette errors.

Activity 5a

Go to the web page, find, read, learn and write the rules. http://www.thank-you-note-samples.com/etiquette-and-thank-you-notes.html

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written Notes. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5

Factual Recognizes and selects different kind of notes. Auto evaluation

94

Value: Attitude

Reports and recognizes the “Thank you note” etiquette rules. C

MC

NYC

Shows initiative when working in basic exercises. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Other notes: For building better business relationships, pay attention to the details and send a handwritten note, examples:  

It was an honor to work with you today. I look forward to a long and dynamic working relationship. We will speak again soon. Mr. ______ it was a pleasure to meet you today. I look forward to the opportunity of serving you and your family.

Activity 6 Write notes: Write a NOTE to a manager of a company inviting him/her to a conference about “Development in office machines”. Remember that the NOTE must follow a friendly letter format.

Your company is having an annual banquet, on December 15, at 7p.m. Write an Invitation note to all the executives. The banquet will be held at the “Holiday Restaurant”. Include a request for response (R.S.V.P.) by November 24th.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written Notes. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

6

Factual Selects information for writing business notes. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude

Writes business notes following a friendly letter format and rules of etiquette. C

MC

NYC

Shows initiative when working in basic exercises. Obtained value:

95


Fax format Fax, short name for facsimile is a telecommunication technology used to transfer copies of documents to people at large distance over the telephone network. A fax machine consists of three parts, a scanner, a modem, and a telephone. A Fax format must be filled out to send it with the documents giving the name of the recipient, the sender, and a message with information of the documents being sent. Even though this system of fax is still used there is a new fully functional way of receiving faxes to email. Fax-mail function allows you to receive faxes as e-mail with either PDF or TIFF attachments. This Internet faxing technology has many advantages: No fax machine, no maintenance, no paper, toner expenditure, possible repairs, etc

Activity 7

Fill out the “Fax Format�, write name of recipient, sender and message

Just the fax To:______________________________________________________ From: ___________________________________________________ Pages (including this one):___________________________________ Cover Message:____________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________

96

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 7a Recognize the parts of the Fax and practice capitalization in the format on the right. Fax

Fax

To: jennifer smith Fax:

From: john miller Pages: 1

To: Fax:

From: Pages: 1

Phone:

Date: february 4th, 2011

Phone:

Date: 2011

Re: Postponed business trip

4th,

Re: Postponed business trip

hello jennifer,

,

thank you for calling this morning to reschedule our meeting. i was sorry to hear that your

for calling this our

.

was sorry to hear that your

business trip to new york has been postponed, but am looking forward to seeing you in march

to reschedule

to

has been postponed,

but am looking forward to seeing ,

my colleague, laura, will pick you up from jfk at

in

.

, will pick you up from

at

10:00 on monday, march sixth and bring you to

10:00 on

your hotel.

your

why don’t we plan to have lunch together that

and bring .

don’t

afternoon? we can catch up on news and

plan to have

?

i will fill you in on the project development.

to

together that

can catch up on

and

will fill you in on let me know and

. will reserve a

please let me know and i will reserve a table at tavern on the green in central park.

at

in

i am looking forward to seeing you,

.

am looking forward to seeing

,

john

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

7

Factual Recognizes parts and uses of the fax. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude

Registers and recognizes the parts of the fax and practices capitalization. C

MC

NYC

Shows initiative when working in basic exercises. Obtained value:

97


Memorandum Business people frequently must communicate in writing with employees of their own company. The primary purpose of in-house correspondence is to share information. The form commonly used to short, relatively informal messages is the Memorandum or memos. The uses of memos include announcements, instructions, statements, and informal reports. Memorandums could be typed or written, even though it is an informal way to communicate, the content should be polite, brief and with no spelling errors. The message begins with the same information used for e-mails. TO:

(name of recipient)

FROM: (name of sender) DATE: SUBJECT: Memos are not usually signed. The writer’s initials are typed below the message.

Activity 8 Write a Memorandum: as a secretary to the administrative department of North-West Company, you are asking the employees to let you know by this week if they will attend the anniversary dinner on September 6, so you can make the reservations at a local restaurant

Memorandum To: CC: From: Date: Re: [subject]

98

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 8a Write TRUE or FALSE. Discuss with your classmates.

1.

The term "memorandum" can be used instead of "memo".

___________

2.

A memo is generally as formal as a written letter.

___________

3.

The tone of a memo is generally friendly as it is a communication between colleagues.

___________

4.

Keep the memo concise and to the point.

___________

5.

Use a short thank you to finish the memo.

___________

6.

The word TO is used for the sender.

___________

7.

The writer’s initials are typed on top of the message.

___________

8.

The word FROM is used for the sender.

___________

9.

Memorandums can be only typed.

___________

10. Memorandums are used in classrooms.

___________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

8

Factual Recognizes the use and lay-out of a memorandum. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude

Writes memorandums following formats, choosing purpose and message. C

MC

NYC

Shows respects and participates with classmates. Obtained value:

99


Closing activities Activity 9

Fill out the following credit application with your personal information.

CREDIT APPLICATION

First Name

Initial

Last Name

Address

(street name & number required)

City

State

Home Phone

-

-

Business Phone

-

-

Cell / Other Phone

-

-

Zip

You authorize us to contact you at any number you provide. Email Address Yes! I want to receive email updates from you and authorize you to provide my email address to your store so that I can receive special offers and updates. Annual Income From All Sources $

.00 *Alimony, child support or separate maintenance income need not be disclosed unless relied upon for credit.

Length of Time at Current Address

(in years)

Residence Complete if at current residence for less than 2 years: Previous Address

Previous City

100

Previous State

Previous Zip

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 9a Pair Work. Ask your partner for information and fill out the “Employment application form” for him/her. Position Applying For:

Name (Last, First, Middle):

Other names under which you have attended school or been employed:

JOB #: Street Address:

City, State & Zip:

Social Security Number:

Work Phone:

Home Phone:

Other Phone:

Are you eligible to work in the United States? Are you 18 years of age or older? Are you currently employed at (company)?

Yes

No

Yes Yes

No No

Have you ever been employed by (company)?

Yes

No

If YES, dates of employment & reason for leaving:

Are you related to any current (company employee)? If required for position, do you have a valid driver’s license?

Yes

No

If YES, their name & their relationship to you?

Yes

No

If NO, what is your current age? If YES, what is your current job title & department?

If YES, State of issuance, license #, and expiration date: How did you learn about this employment opportunity at ? Check all that apply: Ad in newspaper Job Bulletin (Posting) /Walk-in Website Dept. of Labor Ad in magazine Referral by employee Other: EDUCATION

Name of School

City/State

Did you graduate?

High School:

Yes

No

GED:

Yes

No

Other School:

Yes

No

College:

Yes

No

College:

Yes

No

College:

Yes

No

If No, # of years left to graduate

If Yes, date of Graduation

Degree received

Major

Other credentials/ licenses/ professional affiliations, etc., which are relevant to the job(s) for which you are applying.

SKILLS: Please list technical skills, clerical skills, trade skills, etc., relevant to this position.

BLOQUE 2

101


The questions to be asked are already written in the employment application form. Other questions to be asked:    

Do you have a “Social Security Number? What position are you applying for? Did you go to High School? Did you get your “General Education Diploma?”

The same questions are asked in an employment interview.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Filled out Application forms. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

9

Factual Asks and writes information to be used in different application forms. Co evaluation

Practices the fill out of different questionnaires using his/her own or classmates’ personal information. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows respect when working with classmate. Obtained value:

Activity 10 What do you remember about documents? Choose and underline the correct answer. 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

102

Questionnaires, notes, invoices, eForm are: a) Tests in school a) Documents used in an office b) Formats to fill out in a store This document is to gain information according to specific questions. a) Questionnaire a) Invoice b) Memorandum The __ gives little useful information in a questionnaire. a) Complex format b) Open question format c) Close question format They are short letters to invite, give thanks, congratulate, or greet people. a) Invoice b) Memorandum c) Notes What do the initials R.S.V.P. mean in an invitation? a) Please come b) Please call c) Please respond

6.

The “bread and butter note” is to: a) Give thanks for an invitation b) Give thanks to a host or hostess c) Give thanks in a social note 7. This document is recorded and calculated on the computer. a) Invoice b) Memorandum c) eForm 8. Where is the eForm mostly used? a) In stores b) In schools c) In business 9. To use eForms______ are required. a) A computer and internet b) a computer and a printer c) a digital certification and Internet explorer 5.5. 10. Why are NOTES important when taken in an office? a) because they remind b) because they give thanks c) because they congratulate

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 10 (continuation) 11. This is a commercial document: a) invoice b) memorandum c) eForm 12. Who provides an INVOICE? a) the seller b) the buyer c) the product 13. What does the term invoice indicates? a) quantity b) prices for products c) money owed or money owing 14. Forms used when copies are being transfer by telecommunication? a) application formats b) fax formats c) rental formats 15. The parts of a fax machine are? a) scanner, modem, and telephones b) telephone and answering machine c) telephone, and modem

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Review Questionnaire. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

10

Factual Recognizes the use and purpose of formal and informal documents.

Demonstrate knowledge when choosing multiple choice answers. C

Auto evaluation

16. The parts of a Fax format are: a) Recipient, sender, and message b) Recorder and telephone c) Copier machine and telephone 17. Where are Memorandums sent? a) from company to company b) inside the company c) inside the office 18. The Memorandum is ___________ message. a) a short formal b) a short informal c) a long formal 19. Memorandums can be: a) only typed b) only handwritten c) typed or hand written 20. The difference between a Memorandum and a Business letter is that: a) They don’t have a sender’s name b) They don’t have a signature c) They don’t have a recipient’s name

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows initiative when working in basic exercises. Obtained value:

Activity 11 Compile examples of each document that you have studied, present it to your teacher in a PORTFOLIO OF EVIDENCE. The PoE must contain: Notes, memorandums, questionnaires, applications, eForms, invoices, and fax formats. (It could be a virtual portfolio, your teacher will tell you).

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Portfolio of Evidence. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

11

Factual Organizes material to be presented at the end of the sequence. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude

Elaborates a “Portfolio” to be presented at the end of the sequence. C

MC

NYC

Integrates his/her knowledge through a “Portfolio”. Obtained value:

103


Didactic Sequence 3. Writing a letter. Start up activities Activity 1 How much do you know about writing a “Business Letter”? Write the corresponding letter in the parenthesis. 1.

An effective letter uses

(

)

a. "To Whom It May Concern”

2.

Salutation in a letter

(

)

b. would, in favor, of will

3.

First paragraph contains

(

)

c. short, simple sentences and

4.

Final paragraph contains

(

)

5.

Closing example

(

)

d. Dear Sir or Madam:

6.

When you don't know

(

)

e. a friendly greeting

The name of a person write, (

)

f. reminders and notes on enclosures

7.

Use polite modals like:

(

)

g. Yours sincerely,

8.

Example of closing

(

)

h. Feel free to contact me …

straightforward vocabulary.

Activity 1a The following questions ask you to think about letters and the reasons people write them. 1.

Why do people write letters? __________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

What are some specific events or purposes when letter writing is important or expected? __________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

When would sending a letter be more appropriate or convenient than using another means of communication? __________________________________________________________________________________________

4.

Letters can be written in different styles or formats. What are the two main formats for writing letters? __________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

What benefits result from following a specified format when writing a letter? __________________________________________________________________________________________

6.

With the growing popularity of e-mail, IMs, and text messages some people speculate that letter writing will become a thing of the past. What is your opinion? Will letter writing remain as a vital part of business and personal communications? __________________________________________________________________________________________

104

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity

EVALUATION Product: Diagnosis. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

1

Factual Recognizes styles, formats, purpose, and importance for writing letters. Auto evaluation

Value: Attitude

Applies previous knowledge about business letters to answer questions and matching items. C

MC

Shows initiative when working in basic exercises.

NYC

Obtained value:

Development activities Writing a letter.

Friendly and business letters A FRIENDLY LETTER or personal letter is a way to communicate with a friend or relative. A friendly letter is similar to a conversation. Friendly letters have five parts: Heading, Salutation, Body, Closing and Signature, (a postscript is optional). A BUSINESS LETTER is more formal than a friendly letter. Business letters have eight parts: Return address or Letterhead, Date, Address of recipient or Inside address, Salutation, Body, Complimentary close, Signature, and Name typed. Letters play an important part in the business world, often through letters, decisions may be favorable or unfavorable.

BLOQUE 2

105


Parts of a letter Return address or letterhead: Address of the sender. Date: Always write: Month- Day- Year is conventional in many countries. Write out the month instead of using numbers (e.g. January 5th, 2011). Salutation: Use Ms. for women and Mr. for men. Use Mrs. if you are 100% sure that a woman is married. Under less formal circumstances, it may be acceptable address a person by his or her Friendly Letter BusinesstoLetter first name. When you don't know the name of a person and cannot find this information out you may write, "To Whom It May Concern". It is standard to use a comma (colon in North America) after the salutation. Body:

First paragraph, in most types of business letter it is common to use a friendly greeting in the first sentence of the letter. Second paragraph, go into greater detail about your main point. Final paragraph, your last paragraph should include requests, reminders, and notes on enclosures.

Closing: Use a comma between the closing and your handwritten name (or typed in an email). If you do not use a comma or colon in your salutation, leave out the comma after the closing phrase. Signature Name: Typed or printed.

Activity 2 Write the letterhead, inside address, and salutation for the following business letter. From: Colegio de Bachilleres del Estado de Sonora, school address, city and state To: The National Education Association, 1201 16th Street, N.W., Washington D.C. 200036.

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WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 2a Write the letterhead, inside address, salutation, closing and signature for the following business letter. From: your name, home address To: The American Basic Science Club, Inc., 501 East Crockett Street, San Antonio TX 78202

Activity 2b Write the heading, salutation, closing and signature for the following FRIENDLY letter. Notice the difference between business and friendly letters!

Tips for writing a letter        

BLOQUE 2

Ask direct questions. Double-check gender and spelling of names. Use active voice whenever possible. Use polite modals (would is better than will). Always refer to yourself as "I". Don't use "we" unless it is clear exactly who the pronoun refers to. Rewrite any sentence or request that sounds vague. Don't forget to include the date.

107


Activity 2c Write the parts of a business letter for each of the numbers in the table below. Sonora Technical Services 121 Rio Sonora Ave. Obregon, Sonora (1) May 24, 2010 (2) Brian Eno, Chief Engineer (3) Carolina Chemical Products 3434 Pond View Lane Durham, NC 27708 Dear Mr. Eno: (4) Enclosed is the final report on our installment of pollution control equipment at Easter Chemical Company, which we send with Easter’s Permission. Please call me collect (5) (ext. 1206) or email me at the address below if I can answer any questions. Sincerely, (6) Nora Cassidy (7) Technical Services Manager ncassidy@company.com Enclosure: Report

1.

_________________________

4.

________________________

2.

_________________________

5.

________________________

3.

_________________________

6.

________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written letters. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

2

Factual Recognizes the difference between a business letter - friendly letter and their parts. Auto evaluation

108

Value: Attitude

Uses heading, salutation, closing and signature in business and friendly letters. C

MC

NYC

Integrates new knowledge collaborating in class. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 3 Decide where each item belongs in a letter. Choose the part of the letter from the box and write it on the right line.

HEADING - GREETING - BODY - CLOSING - SIGNATURE

1.

It was so nice to spend time with you last weekend!

______________________

2.

Ms. Sanchez:

______________________

3.

Cleveland, Ohio 44137

______________________

4.

Thank you,

______________________

5.

If you give me a chance, I believe I…

______________________

6.

February 24th, 2011

______________________

7.

Dear Shiloh,

______________________

8.

We are planning on taking a vacation…

______________________

9.

Write soon,

______________________

10. Jacob Silverstein

______________________

11. I would like to schedule a time to

______________________

12. Happy Holidays,

______________________

13. Mr. Brunstein:

______________________

14. Sincerely,

______________________

15. Hi Marta!

______________________

16. There is a meeting scheduled for January

______________________

17. October 24, 2011

______________________

18. Enclose you will find…

______________________

19. I’ll appreciate what you do for me.

______________________

20. I write this letter just to …

______________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

3

Factual Recognizes the parts of a business and friendly letter. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude

Recognizes heading, greetings, salutation, closing and signature in business and friendly letters. C

MC

NYC

Shows initiative when working in basic exercises. Obtained value:

109


Types of Letters In a letter we should write as much as we talk. We have to consider what is involved in a good letter: A good letter is one that is carefully planned.  A good letter is brief and to the point.  A good letter is one that is accurate in every detail.  A good letter is attractive in appearance and in proper form. There are different purposes for writing a business letter, they are classified according to their purpose into: Transmittal letter are used when a secretary sends certain documents such as: contracts, deeds, legal documents, speeches, etc. Place an order letter is used to order merchandise. It should be clear and brief. State a complain letter should be brief and polite but you should state clearly the reason for the complain. Recommendation letter or reference letter recommends someone for employment. You must be familiar with the applicant’s abilities to offer an evaluation. Inquiry letters seek for information, assistance, or merchandise, in this letter you must give the subject and reason for your inquire.

Example of “Types of Letters” State a complain Letter

Inquire Letter

November 24, 2010

July 15, 2010

Mr. Joseph A. . Smith 239 Obregon Avenue Nogales, Sonora

Mr. Albert Fence 43 Grand Avenue Nogales, Arizona

Dear Sir:

Gentleman:

If you have driven past my home, you have noticed, I am sure, the large holes in the middle of the road near my gate. I wrote three letters to Mr. Rogers, who is in charge of the roads, advising him that the road is in bad shape; but I have not had an answer to any of my letters.

I believe that some time ago you published a booklet, “An Office Manager’s Guide for the Selection of New Office equipment.”

May I solicit your help as Mayor to get our road paved or at least patched?

110

This booklet should be helpful in selecting equipment for our new branch office in Ford Co. If it is still available, will you please send me a copy. Sincerely yours,

Sincerely yours,

Charlie Brown

________________________

_________________________

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Recommendation Letter

Transmittal Letter

April 7, 2010

January 6, 2010

Mr. Jack Green 568 San Carlos Avenue Hermosillo, Sonora

Mr. Adrian Field 45 Second Street Detroit, Michigan

Dear Mr. Green:

Dear Professor Fields:

This letter will introduce to you my colleague and neighbour, Henry Nelson. Henry is interested in going into sales work, a field in which he majored in college.

Two copies of the talk Mr. Preston delivered to the company for the Advancement of Management are enclosed.

I seem to remember that you were looking for someone to take over your Sonora territory. I believe he would be able to handle the job nicely. Henry.

We are happy to fill this request. If you should desire additional copies for classroom use in the course you are giving for the company employees, please do not hesitate to let us hear from you.

I shall appreciate anything you can do for I hope that everything is going well with you.

Sincerely yours,

Sincerely yours

Fatima Grace

Activity 4 Match the columns. Choose the correct information and write the number in the parenthesis.

BLOQUE 2

Transmittal letter

(

)

1.

Inside address

Friendly letter

(

)

2.

Recommends someone

Placing an order letter

(

)

3.

States a complain

Business letter

(

)

4.

Asks for documents

Inquire letter

(

)

5.

Personal Letter

Reference letter

(

)

6.

Orders merchandise

Complain letter

(

)

7.

Asks for information

111


Activity 4a Punctuate the following letter for placing an order also write the Letterhead giving your name, address, city and state. Close the letter with your Signature. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

_______________________________________

Radio Shack Company 42 West Mariposa Road Nogales Arizona Gentlemen Please send me the following batteries advertised in the New Day newspaper of December 10 2010 1 government surplus brand new nickel-cadmium cell 1 government surplus nickel-cadmium motor-starting cell A money order for $80 00 (eighty dollars) is enclosed the amount includes 3 00 (three dollars) for handling.

Sincerely yours

________________________________________ (Your name)

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WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 4b Write a letter for placing an order, Use your own information.

Salutations and Closings of a letter Read the following charts carefully. It will help you when you write letters. Very Formal SALUTATION

CLOSING

Activity

Formal

Sir: Madam: My dear Madam: My dear Sir. Respectfully yours, Yours respectfully,

Factual

Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Friendly

Dear Sir: Dear Madam: Gentlemen:

Dear Mr. George Dear Mrs. George

Dear Friend, Dear Sofia,

Yours truly, Very truly yours,

Sincerely yours, Yours sincerely, Cordially, Warm regards,

Your Friend, Best luck, All the best, Best wishes,

EVALUATION Product: Written letters. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

4

Recognizes types of business letters and the purpose for writing them.

Less formal

Value: Attitude

Recognizes the different types of letters and practices the writing of some of them. C

MC

NYC

Shows initiative when working in basic exercises. Obtained value:

113


Activity 5 Read and get familiar with the vocabulary in the table.

Business Letter Vocabulary

114

Attachment

Extra document or image that is added to an email.

Block format

Most common business letter format, single spaced, all paragraphs begin at the left margin.

Body

The content of the letter; between the salutation and signature.

Bullets

Small dark dots used to set off items in an unnumbered list.

Certified mail

Important letters that sender pays extra postage for in order to receive a notice of receipt.

Concise

Gets to the point quickly.

Confidential, personal

Private

Direct mail, junk mail

Marketing letters addressed to a large audience.

Enclosure

Extra document or image included with a letter.

Formal

Uses set formatting and business language, opposite of casual.

Format

The set up or organization of a document.

Indent

Extra spaces (usually 5) at the beginning of a paragraph.

Informal

Casual

Justified margins

Straight and even text always begins at the same place.

Memorandum (memo)

Document sent within a company (internal) presented in short form.

Modified block format

Left justified as block format, but date and closing are centered.

Postage

The cost of sending a letter through the Post Office.

Recipient

The person who receives the letter.

Semi-block format

Paragraphs are indented, not left-justified.

Single spaced

Format where no blanks lines are left in-between lines of text.

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 5a Read and answer the questions. About Format and Font When writing business letters, you must pay special attention to the format used. The most common layout of a business letter is known as full block format. Using this format, the entire letter is left justified and single spaced except for a double space between paragraphs. Another widely utilized format is known as modified block format. In this type, the body of the letter is left justified and single-spaced. However, for the date and closing, tab to the center point and begin to type. Another important factor in the readability of a letter is the font. The generally accepted font is Times New Roman, size 12, although other fonts such as Arial may be used.

Full Block Business Letter

1.

Modified Block Business Letter

What is the difference between the Full Block format and Modified Block format?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2.

Which one is the most common layout format?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.

Are letters written double or single space?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.

Where is the date written in a Modified Block format letter?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5.

What is the font mostly used in a letter?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

BLOQUE 2

115


Activity 5b Pair Work. Study the business letter vocabulary with your partner for 15 minutes. Take turns, ask and let your partner answer the questions. Example: Your question: What is the set up or organization of a document? Your partner's answer: Format

Your Partner Right

You Wrong

Wrong

1.

_______

_______

1.

_______

_______

2.

_______

_______

2.

_______

_______

3.

_______

_______

3.

_______

_______

4.

_______

_______

4.

_______

_______

5.

_______

_______

5.

_______

_______

6.

_______

_______

6.

_______

_______

7.

_______

_______

7.

_______

_______

8.

_______

_______

8.

_______

_______

9.

_______

_______

9.

_______

_______

10.

_______

_______

10.

_______

_______

TOTAL

Activity

_______

_______

Recognizes vocabulary, layouts, and font of a business letter.

Co evaluation

TOTAL

_______

EVALUATION Product: Filled out questionnaires. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5

Factual

116

Right

Practices with a partner the meaning of business letter vocabulary and applies knowledge to answer questions about font and format of a letter. C

MC

NYC

_______

Value: Attitude Integrates new vocabulary and new knowledge about format and font for writing letters at the same time that collaborates and shows respect to his/her partner when working in pairs. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 6 In the web site giving below you will find a letter generator. Create your own letter, print it and hand it over to your teacher or post it here. http://www.readwritethink.org/materials/letter_generator/

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written letters. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

6

Factual Writes a letter following information from a generator in the internet. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

Value: Attitude

Elaborates and creates a letter from a generator in a web page. C

MC

NYC

Integrates the use of technology using information to create a letter. Obtained value:

117


The Envelope An envelope is addressed to mail the letter. The envelope must have a mailing address and return address. The mailing address includes the recipient name, address, city, state, and zip code, or inside address; the return address includes your name and complete address as the return address written in the letter. If proper care is taken while addressing an envelope, the letter will reach the correct destination and in time.

Ensure the correct zip code is mentioned as this makes the delivery easier and quicker. Write the complete name of the person to avoid any kind of confusion. Before writing the address make sure it is complete and correct.

118

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 7 Write a letter using salutation, tips, parts of the letter, and using the following information. Two months ago, you ordered a one-year subscription to a magazine and enclosed a check for $24.00. You have received no response and no magazines. The check has not cleared the bank. Write a letter to the magazine explaining the problem and stating what action you would like the magazine to take.

_____________________________________________

____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

____________________________________________

BLOQUE 2

119


Activity 7a Address an envelope for one of the letters you wrote on activity 6. ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________

___________________________________________ Activity 7b

Address an envelope for the letter you wrote on activity 7.

___________________________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ___________________________________________ ____________________________

___________________________________________ EVALUATION Product: Filled out questionnaires. Value: KNOWLEDGE ___________________________________________ Factual Procedural Attitude Shows initiative and uses appropriate Identifies the information used to write a letter and Uses the correct information to write a letter and to information when writing a letter and to address an envelope. address an envelope for sending business mail addressing an envelope. Activity

Auto evaluation

120

7

C MC NYC ___________________________________________

Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Closing activities Activity 8 Pair work. Choose TRUE or FALSE for the following statements. Check Compare answers with your partner.

1. With block format, all new paragraphs are indented. True False 2. In business letters a salutation is generally followed by a comma or a colon True False 3. Business letters should be simple and easy to read. True False 4. It is advisable to check two times the spelling of a name. True False 5. The date on a business letter should appear after the salutation. True False 6. An "Enclosure" note should appear below the typed name of the sender at the end of the letter. True False 7. The first paragraph of a business letter includes a friendly greeting in the first sentence. True False 8. Contact information generally appears in the closing paragraph of the letter. True False 9. Identifying the audience is one of the first steps in planning a business letter. True False 10. It is considered standard formatting to include the recipient's address before the salutation in a business letter. True False 11. When writing business letters, you must not pay special attention to the format used. True False 12. The generally accepted font is Times New Roman, size 12. True False

BLOQUE 2

121


Activity 8a Write DOs and DON’Ts of writing letters. Number one is given as an example DOs 1.

DON’Ts

Write out the month instead of using numbers (e.g. November 24th, 2011).

1.

Under less formal circumstances, it may not be acceptable to address a person by his or her first name.

2. 2. 3.

3.

4.

4.

5.

5.

6.

6.

7.

7.

8.

8.

9.

9.

10.

10.

Activity

8

Factual Recognizes information used to write letters and identifies what must and mustn’t be done. Auto evaluation

122

EVALUATION Product: Filled out questionnaires. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Applies the acquired knowledge in true or false questionnaire and reviews what must and mustn’t be done when writing a letter. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Participates with classmates interchanging information by asking and answering questions. Obtained value:

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Activity 9 Now that you have studied the parts of the letter, and after reading all the information, write the following type of letters in separate papers and hand them over to your teacher in A PORTFOLIO. (The information is optional. You may use other information).

a.

Letter of Transmittal; send legal documents (deeds, contracts, etc) to a lawyer needed at the company you work for. b. Letter of Inquiry; ask for the new catalogue. c. Reference letter; recommend a friend for a job in an Italian restaurant. d. Place an order letter; order a lap-tap or a computer to Office Depot or to other office equipment store. e. State a complain letter; write a letter stating a reason for your complain to any government office or department. You will find examples of “Business Letters:

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Filled out questionnaires. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

9

Factual Organizes material to be presented at the end of the sequence. Auto evaluation

BLOQUE 2

http://www.isampleletter.com/

Elaborates a “Portfolio” to be presented at the end of the sequence. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Integrates his/her knowledge through a “Portfolio”. Obtained value:

123


124

WRITES FORMAL, INFORMAL DOCUMENTS AND FORMATS


Competencias Profesionales:     

Realiza comprensiones oral y auditiva de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma. Realiza comprensión escrita y de lectura de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma. Realiza expresión o producción oral en otro idioma. Realiza interacción oral en otro idioma. Realiza expresión o producción escrita de diversos tipos de texto en otro idioma.

Unidad de competencia:

Socializa en la vida laboral y cotidiana y describe por escrito días festivos, costumbres y eventos especiales de otros países.

Atributos a desarrollar en el bloque: 4.1 4.2

Expresa ideas y conceptos mediante representaciones lingüísticas, matemáticas o gráficas. Aplica distintas estrategias comunicativas según quienes sean sus interlocutores, el contexto en el que se encuentra y los objetivos que persigue. 4.3 Identifica las ideas claves en un texto o discurso oral e infiere conclusiones a partir de ellas. 4.4 Se comunica en una segunda lengua en situaciones cotidianas. 4.5 Maneja las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para obtener información y expresar ideas. 6.4 Estructura ideas y argumentos de manera clara, coherente y sintética. 7.1 Define metas y da seguimiento a sus procesos de construcción de conocimiento. 8.2 Aporta puntos de vista con apertura y considera los de otras personas de manera reflexiva. 10.3 Asume que el respeto de las diferencias es el principio de integración y de convivencia en los contextos local, nacional e internacional.

BLOCK 3. Investigates and relates cultural situations.

Time assigned: 20 hours.


Didactic Sequence 1. Making Friends. Start up activities Activity 1 Pair Work. Do you make “Quick friends”? Take turns using this quiz to interview each other. Then score your answers and find out which category best describes each of you. Check ( ) your answer. 1.

You go to a big party. Do you wait for people to come and introduce themselves to you? a. ______ No. I go and introduce myself. b. ______ Yes, I wait for people to introduce themselves.

2.

When you are meeting a person for the first time, after saying a hello... a. ______ I try to talk about common interest, etc. b. ______ I wait awkwardly for the other person to take the talk forward.

3.

In a party, you normally occupy the corner seats looking for old friends. a. ______ No, I mingle around making new friends too. b. ______ Yes, old buddies are best to be with.

4.

When you meet someone for the first time, you speak after giving a lot of thought. a. ______ No, I speak spontaneously. b. ______ Yes, I think about my words and sentences.

5.

If you find nothing common between yourself and your new acquaintance (stranger), you a. ______ Still maintain contact. b. ______ Drop the idea of being friends.

6.

Are you equally comfortable conversing with men and women? a. ______ Yes, totally. b. ______ Not, totally.

7.

Do you have a lot of friends who are known to you only on a hi-bye basis? a. ______ Yes. b. ______ No.

Scoring More A answers: You make friends very quickly. This is an admirable quality. You are an extrovert. More b. Answers: You do not make friends so quickly. It takes time for you to make new friends. Try shedding your inhibitions and become more outgoing.

 Activity

EVALUATION Product: Questionnaire. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

1

Factual Comprehends and involves the use of simple present sentences to express truths and facts. Auto evaluation

Value: Attitude

Searches and understand general ideas in an exercise related to the topic. C

MC

NYC

Shows openness to feedback made by the teams. Obtained value:

 126

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Development activities Activity 2 Read carefully and answer the questions. Mary: Nina:

?

Nina: Mary: Nina:

I hear you are going to work in Detroit. Yes, it’s a beautiful place, I am very excited. There is only one thing. What? Well, it’s too far from home. I’d miss my family. I don’t think I’d mind moving to a foreign country. Yeah, but wouldn’t you miss your friends? Sure, for a while, but I’d make new ones. You certainly sound very confident. You know, actually, there is one thing I’d miss. What’s that? Parties. I won’t. There are two other things I am worried about : how to socialize with colleagues at work. And the other? The job possitions in the organization I am working for. Don’t worry! Every company has organization diagrams and there are booklets in which you can find customs, how to socialize, to start and end conversations. Where can I find those booklets? I’ll give you one with articles that will help you a lot. Ok, I’ll appreciate it very much.

1.

What are the three things that Nina is worried about? ________________________________________,

Mary: Nina: Mary: Nina: Mary: Nina: Mary: Nina: Mary: Nina: Mary: Nina: Mary:

_____________________________________, ________________________________________________. 2.

Is Nina happy for having a job in Detroit? ___________________________________________________

3.

Would Mary miss her friends if she moved to another country? _________________________________

4.

Where does Mary suggest Nina to find information in how to start a conversation with colleagues? ______________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Where is Nina going to get the booklets? ___________________________________________________

Activity 2a Pair work. Answer the questions.Take turns asking and answering questions with your partner. 1. If you could live in a foreign country, what country would you like to live in? Why? In ______________, because ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. What do you think you would enjoy the most about living in a foreigh country? ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

BLOCK 3

127


Activity 2b Read the expressions and with the help of your teacher write if is a Greeting, Introduction, or Goodbye. Expressions used at work 

Thank you for all your help.

_______________

How are you?

_______________

Excuse me, are you Mrs. Kramer?

_______________

Sorry, I don’t know your name.

_______________

May I introduce myself?

_______________

Hi everybody. My name’s Alex Sellers.

_______________

Thank you for coming!

_______________

Let me introduce you to Mary Higgins.

_______________

Goodbye. It’s been very interesting talking to you.

_______________

See you. I really had a good time.

_______________

I got to go now.

_______________

I’m afraid I must be going soon.

_______________

How are things?

_______________

How was your weekend?

_______________

How is it going?

_______________

Have a good trip/flight.

_______________

Enjoy the rest of your stay.

_______________

I hope to see you again.

_______________

Have a good weekend!

_______________

It’s been a very useful meeting.

_______________

Activity 2c Pair Work. Write the most suitable questions to the following answers. Then practice with your partner. a. ___________________________________________________________________________? Can’t complain! b.__________________________________________________________________. Hope to see you again, too. c. ________________________________________________________________________? We enjoyed it a lot. d. __________________________________________________________________It was nice meeting you, too. e. ____________________________________________________________. Oh no, thank you for the invitation. f. ____________________________________________________________. I also think the meeting was useful. g. ________________________________________________________________________ Yes, I’m Mr. Munguia. h. ________________________________________________________________________Oh! My name is Rose.

128

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 2d Pair work. Complete and practice the dialogues with your partner. Dialogue 1 Alex:

Albert! Good to see you again. ____________ are things?

Albert:

Hello, Alex. Fine, thanks. Pretty busy, as always, I suppose. Can I introduce you to a colleague of ___________, Adrian Winston? Adrian, this is Alex Farrell.

Adrian:

Nice to meet you, Ms Farrell.

Alex:

Nice to meet you, too. ____________, call me Alex.

Adrian:

Then you ____________ call me Adrian.

Dialogue 2 Charles:

Hello, Charles Evans. Mind if I join you?

Mary Joe:

Oh, ______________ not. Mary Joe Richards.

Charles:

______________ to meet you, Mary Joe. So how are you finding the conference so far?

Mary

Joe:Actually, I’ve only arrived this morning.

Charles:

All right. We got to go ______________.

Mary Joe:

Oh yes, the _______________ is going to start.

Dialogue 3.

Activity 2e

Write a dialogue with expressions used at work. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________

Factual

EVALUATION Product: Written dialogue. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

Identifies expressions for greetings, introductions and farewells to be used in the work place.

Practices making statements or asking questions with pre-selected expressions and vocabulary.

Activity

Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

2

C

MC

Value:

NYC

Attitude Integrates expressions that can be helpful for social and working life to his/her knowledge. Obtained value:

129


Activity 3 Read the expressions for “Socializing” at work. Making Contact

Keeping the conversation going

Getting away

Mind if I join you?

Do you often travel to USA?

If you’ll excuse me, I have to make a phone call.

Excuse me, have we met?

What do you do, by the way?

Excuse me, you must be?

What line of business are you in?

I really enjoyed your speech.

For what department/company are you working?

See you later, I have to go.

Are you giving a speech?

Can I get you a drink?

It’s late, I must go now.

If you’ll excuse me, I must go and say hello to someone. Would you excuse me, I’ll be right back.

Activity 3a You’re at a reception at an international conference in New York. Make questions using the words offered below and then think of possible answers. Example: Mind/ join you? Q: (Do you) Mind if I join you? A: Please, do. Giving a speech? Q ______________________________________________________________________________________________? A: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ So, what/ you do? Q: ______________________________________________________________________________________________? A: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ What/ your line of business? Q: ______________________________________________________________________________________________? A: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Can/ get/ drink? Q: ______________________________________________________________________________________________? A: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Enjoying the conference? Q: ______________________________________________________________________________________________? A: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Excuse me a moment? Q: ______________________________________________________________________________________________? A: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ What department/company work? Q: ______________________________________________________________________________________________? A: _______________________________________________________________________________________________

130

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 3b You're at a conference party. Match the comments and replies. Write the letter in the parenthesis. Comment 1. It’s an interesting conference, isn’t it?

(

)

Reply a. That’s right. I live in Guadalajara.

2. How’s business?

(

)

b. Don’t worry. I’ll have some soda.

3. Cheers!

(

)

c. Thanks. They look delicious.

4. You must try one of these.

(

)

d. Yes please. I’ll have another one.

5. Sorry, I didn’t catch your name.

(

)

e. You’re very kind but I’ll walk back.

6. Would you like another drink?

(

)

f. It’s Caroline. Caroline So.

7. You’re from Jalisco, Mexico, aren’t you?

(

)

g. Cheers!

8. I must get going.

(

)

h. See you tomorrow.

9. Let me give you a lift back to your hotel.

(

)

i. Very good, thank you.

10. I’m afraid there’s no more orange juice.

(

)

j. Yes, it is.

Activity 3c

Suppose this is your first day at work, you are at the “coffee break,” make a dialogue with one of your new colleagues. (Use expressions from exercise 3, 3a, and 3b). A:___________________________________________________________________________________________ B:___________________________________________________________________________________________ A:___________________________________________________________________________________________ B:___________________________________________________________________________________________ A:___________________________________________________________________________________________ B:___________________________________________________________________________________________ A:___________________________________________________________________________________________ B:___________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

3

Factual Identifies expressions for socializing at the work place. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

Value:

Practices making statements or asking questions with pre-selected expressions and vocabulary. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Integrates expressions to his/her knowledge helpful for social and working life Obtained value:

131


Activity 4 Team Work. Read the Article, discuss it with your partners, and answer the questions. The Art of Conversation In many cultures there are still a good number of people who can't seem to hold up a conversation. If you want to learn about the art of conversation and how to easily communicate with anyone, read on!  Tip # 1: Be Natural. You don't have to pretend to be someone else just to get a good conversation flowing. In fact, pretending to be someone you're not only serves to bring your confident points down.  Tip # 2: Read Up. Perfecting the art of conversation takes time and effort. One way to do this is by reading up. Reading the paper every day, for example, feeds your mind  Tip # 3: Give and Take. Remember that the art of conversation is a two-way street. You're not there to listen to all of their woes for an hour. You're not there to talk about your stupid day for an hour either. Conversation needs participation from both parties The art of conversation is not difficult. All it takes is an open mind and practice to do it well. Article taken from: esl teachersboard

1.

Can you hold up a conversation with someone you just met? _________________________________________

2.

What does tip #1 mean by “pretending to be someone else”? _______________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.

Does pretending to be someone else help in a conversation? ________________________________________

4.

What is the advice in tip #2? ____________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5.

What does tip #3 mean by “two-way street”? ______________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6.

What aren’t you supposed to do during an hour? ___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 7.

What does the word “Woes” mean in tip #3? ______________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Written exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

4

Factual Recognizes the importance of communicating with others. Auto evaluation

132

Value: Attitude

Reads the article to infer questions and expresses his/her opinion to classmates. C

MC

NYC

Values and acknowledges conversation as an art. Obtained value:

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 5 Read and answer the questions. Invitations at work Invite co-workers to have dinner or go out may encourage team spirit. Invitations may be usually informal and often oral, but tell the time and place: "Will you come over Tuesday evening at 8:00?" it is important that you go and be punctual. The host expects you to call as soon as possible if you must cancel. It is considered rude to simply not show up. If you are not interested in the invitation, it is better to politely refuse the date or appointment in the beginning. Refusing a date is not considered rude in the United States. 1.

Why do you thing an invitation will encourage team spirit? _________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Why is it considered rude not to show up when you are invited? ____________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

What does the word “Refusing” mean? _________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

   

Inviting Perhaps you would like to have dinner at my home. What about going out for a meal? Shall we meet later tonight to discuss it over dinner? Why not join us for a drink?

      

Expressions for Invitations Accepting Setting the details That’s very kind of  What time should I you. come? Thank you for  Where shall we inviting me. meet? I’d like that very  Shall I pick you up? much. I’d be delighted to come. Thanks. That’s/ What a good idea. That sounds good/ fun.

   

Declining Thank you very much, but I’m afraid I can’t come. No, thank you/ thanks but I won’t be here. I’m all right, thanks. I can manage.

Activity 5a Rearrange the words to make sentences. 1.

Would/ like/ join/ you/ for/ lunch/ us/ to? _________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. There’s/ nice/ a really/ just round/ place/ the corner. ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Shall/ meet/ we/ over/ dinner/ to discuss it/ later? _________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Why/ join/ for/ a drink/ us/ not?_________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

BLOCK 3

133


Activity 5b In what situations would you use these expressions? Inviting, Accepting, Setting the details, Declining. a.

No, thanks. That’s very kind of you, but ...

_______________________________________________________________

b

I was wondering if you would like to join us for a meal? What about going out for a coffee? _____________________________________________________________

c

Shall we meet at half past seven? Say at half past seven. _______________________________________________________________

d

Yes, please. Thank you. That’d be very nice. _______________________________________________________________

e.

I’m all right, thanks. I can manage, thank you.

_______________________________________________________________

Activity 5c How would you do the following? Use expressions from the table. a. Invite an important business partner for a meal: ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ b.

Say sorry because you can’t come: _____________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________ c.

Accept an invitation politely: ___________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________ d.

Accept an invitation in a less formal way: ________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________ e.

Ask about the time and place of your meeting ____________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

Factual Recognizes the importance of invitations in the working field and the benefits that can be received. Auto evaluation

134

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5

Value: Attitude Integrates new vocabulary and conversational expressions to be used when making invitations in a real context.

Applies vocabulary and expressions when practicing invitations. C

MC

NYC

Obtained value:

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Closing activities Activity 6 Write a dialogue with a colleague, use greetings, socializing, and invitations expressions

A: __________________________________________________________________________________________ B: __________________________________________________________________________________________ A: __________________________________________________________________________________________ B: __________________________________________________________________________________________ A: __________________________________________________________________________________________ B: __________________________________________________________________________________________ A: __________________________________________________________________________________________ B: __________________________________________________________________________________________ A: __________________________________________________________________________________________ B: __________________________________________________________________________________________ A: __________________________________________________________________________________________ B: __________________________________________________________________________________________ A: __________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Dialogue written practice. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

6 Factual

Writes a dialogue, review the vocabulary and expressions acquired. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

Recognizes vocabulary and expressions to be applied in real situations. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Integrates new vocabulary and conversational expressions to be used when making invitations in a real context. Obtained value:

135


Activity 7 Complete the dialogues. Dialogue 1 A: Good to see you again. ________________ are things? B: Doing ____________________, how are you? A: Fine, thank ___________________. B: Hey! I was thinking, there’s a really nice _______________________________ just a few minutes from here. Would you _____________ to have lunch there? A: I’d love to. B: Where shall we _________________? A: See you outside my office building. Dialogue 2 Lin: Dan! Good to see you again. ____________ are things? Dan: Hello, Lin. Fine, thanks. Pretty busy, as always, I suppose. Can I introduce you to a colleague of ____________, Peter Winston? Peter, this is Lin Farrell. Peter: Nice to meet you, Ms Farrell. Lin: Nice to meet you, too. ____________, call me Lin. Peter: Then you ____________ call me Peter.

Activity 7a Write a SOCIALIZING expression (making contact, keeping the conversation, or a getting away). 1.

____________________________________________________________________________________________?

No, sit down, there is an empty seat. 2.

____________________________________________________________________________________________?

I come twice a year to visit my grand-parents. 3.

____________________________________________________________________________________________?

No thank you, I’m drinking lemonade. 4.

____________________________________________________________________________________________?

See you then. Say hello for me, too. 5.

____________________________________________________________________________________________?

I’m working for Continental Co.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

7 Factual

Writes dialogues, makes questions, reviews the vocabulary and expressions acquired. Auto evaluation

136

Value:

Recognizes vocabulary and expressions to complete dialogues and makes questions. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Integrates new vocabulary and conversational expressions to be used at real situations. Obtained value:

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Didactic Sequence 2. Journey to different Cultures. Start up activity Activity 1 CHECK YOUR CULTURE. There are different customs and behaviors throughout the world. Check ( the statements that are true in your country. Mark with an X the ones that are not true.

(

) It’s a custom to take off your shoes before you enter someone’s home.

(

) You are supposed to call first if you plan to visit someone at home.

(

) When you smoke in public, you must ask the people near you for permission.

(

) It’s OK to blow your nose in public.

(

) Students call their teachers by their first name.

(

) When you are invited to a friend’s house, is a custom to bring a small gift.

(

) It’s all right to chew gum while talking to someone.

(

) Friends kiss on the cheek when they meet.

(

) It’s OK to kiss in public places.

(

) It’s OK to spit on the floor.

(

) People dress appropriately for a romantic dinner.

(

) People give the seat to the elder in the bus or train.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Questionnaire. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

1 Factual

Identifies various customs and behaviors in his/her own cultural background. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

Value: Attitude

Recognizes and checks the statements that apply to his/her own cultural background. C

MC

)

NYC

Values the various customs and behaviors found in cultures around the world. Obtained value:

137


Development activities Activity 2 Read the chart and answer the questions. Customs around the world

Mexico ___________

USA __________

Canada __________

England __________

Japan ___________

Thailand ___________

Serenades are often used to express one’s true love and devotion to that special someone.

They want you to "feel at home". You may be greeted at the door with "Make yourself at home".

You don’t hug and kiss when you want to greet someone.

They often drink tea, eat fish and chips and wear bowler hats.

You have to take off your shoes when you enter someone’s home.

You are not supposed to touch anyone except a child on the head.

Muslim Countries ___________ People always eat with their right hand, never with the left hand.

1. Did you know about this customs from different parts of the world? _____________________________________ 2. Name a strange custom that you know? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Do you follow any of these customs in your country? _______________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 2a Team Work. Suppose that you are receiving a foreign student and you have to tell him/her what customs should a visitor of your country follows. Write recommendations and discuss with your team before you write. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________

138

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 2b Match information; write the letter in the parenthesis. Then write the complete statements about customs in the United States and Canada. 1.

If you want to bring someone to a party

(

)

a. You have to call and ask if it’s OK.

2.

If the service in a restaurant is very bad

(

)

b. you’re supposed to call first

3.

If you’ve been to a friend’s home for lunch,

(

)

c. you aren’t expected to leave a tip.

4.

When you want to smoke in public,

(

)

d. You don’t hug and kiss them.

5.

When you go out on a date

(

)

e. You’re supposed to ask people around

6.

If you plan to visit someone at home,

(

)

f. It’s a custom to call and thank them.

7.

When you meet someone for the first time,

(

)

g. It’s acceptable to share the expenses.

1.

______________________________________________________________________________________

2.

______________________________________________________________________________________

3.

______________________________________________________________________________________

4.

______________________________________________________________________________________

5.

______________________________________________________________________________________

6.

______________________________________________________________________________________

7.

______________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 2c

Write in the table Dos and Don’ts when visiting your country.

DOs

DON’Ts

Example: Address people older than you

Do not bargain in department stores.

as:”Usted”.

1.

1.

2.

2.

3.

3.

4.

4.

5.

5.

Activity

Factual Identifies various customs and behaviors in different cultures throughout the world and his/her own cultural background. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercise. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

2

Value: Attitude

Recognizes the differences among customs and his /her cultural background. C

MC

NYC

Values the various customs and behaviors found in cultures in different countries. Obtained value:

139


Activity 3 Write a report about “Customs and Culture Tips” for English speaking Countries. Paste your report. You’ll find information in the following pages: http://www.cesl.arizona.edu/custom.html http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/

Activity

Factual Identifies various customs and behaviors in different cultures throughout the world and his/her own cultural background. Auto evaluation

EVALUATION Product: Cultural report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

3

Value: Attitude

Recognizes the differences among customs and his /her cultural background. C

MC

NYC

Values the various customs and behaviors found in cultures in different countries. Obtained value:

Activity 4 Read about culture in India and answer the questions. Cultural perspective: India is a multilingual, pluralistic and multi-ethnic country. Indian culture is unique due to its spiritual values. India is a diverse country with many Gods, languages, cultures and religions. India has a rich tradition of peaceful social co- habitation, tolerance, harmony, and respect for elders, nature worship, strong family values, art, craft and hospitality. Children from all over the world would learn to live better by imbibing Indian family value of love and service. Indian yoga and meditation practices are popular all over the globe. The Indian philosophy of Geeta is now being taught to management trainees in Oxford and Stanford. The Indian classical tradition of music and dance is a much evolved form of artistic expression.

140

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 4 (continuation) 1.

Why is Indian culture unique? ___________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

What’s India rich tradition? ___________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

What family values should children from all over the world acquire? ___________________________________________________________________________________________

4.

What Indian practices are very popular around the world? ___________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

In what aspects are Indian and Mexican Culture alike? ___________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 4a Pair work. Answer the questions, then take turns and ask your partner. 1.

Would you like to live in “India”? ____________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

What do you like most about this country? ____________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Which of these customs does your culture follow? ____________________________________________________________________________________________

4.

Why do you think people have these customs? ____________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Do you know any famous Indian person known around the world? ____________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 4b

Fill in the table. Compare Indian Culture with culture in your country. India Language

Multilingual

Religion

Many religions

Values

Respect for the elder, nature ____________, Strong _______ values, love and _________

Practice

Yoga and ____________________________.

Classical traditions

Music and ___________________________

BLOCK 3

Your Country

141


Activity

4

Factual Identifies various customs and behaviors in different cultures throughout the world and his/her own cultural background.

EVALUATION Product: Recognition of differences among cultures. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Recognizes the differences among customs and his /her cultural background.

Auto evaluation

C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Values the various customs and behaviors found in cultures in different countries. Obtained value:

Activity 5 Team work. What do you know about “Culture shock”? Work in teams, answer the questions and discuss them with partners. Culture shock is described as the physical and emotional discomfort one suffers when coming to live in another country or a place different from the place of origin. Often, the way that we lived before is not accepted as or considered as normal in the new place. Everything is different, for example, not speaking the language, not knowing how to use banking machines, not knowing how to use the telephone and so forth. Well, I think generally speaking, we could say that there are four stages to culture shock. First of all, the "honeymoon" stage. To the visitor, everything seems new, quaint, and novel. The food, the surroundings, the buildings produces a feeling of euphoria: a desire to look around, to experiment, and to explore. The next stage is the "horror" stage, where the newness wears off, and the visitor sees the country from a different light, and often begins to criticize the country, the life, and the values of the people. The next stage, we could say, is the "humor" stage, where people begin to reflect back and laugh at their mistakes in the earlier stages. And the final stage, we could say, is the "home" stage where people begin to feel at home, enjoy living in that foreign country. Reading taken from Randall’s Sites

1. How does a person view the new culture in the first stage of culture shock? Everyone is watching me. I want to go home. Wow. Everything is different. 2. What are the symptoms of the second stage of culture shock? People tend to withdraw from society. People try to integrate into the culture. People criticize the people and culture. 3. What is the third stage of culture shock? The humor stage The hunting stage The homeless stage

142

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 5 (continuation) 4. What statement by the visitor best describes the "home" stage? I’m glad to be returning to my own country. These people love their families and homes. I really enjoy living among the people here. 5. What is the best title for this mini-lecture? How to adjust to Culture Shock. The Stages of Culture Shock. The cause of Culture shock.

Activity 5a Dictionary activity. Write the meanings of the following words. 1. Discomfort

_____________________________

5. Criticize

_____________________________

2. Honeymoon

_____________________________

6. Values

_____________________________

3. Surroundings

_____________________________

7. Mistakes

_____________________________

4. Newness

_____________________________

8. Withdraw

_____________________________

Activity 5b Write the stage of “Culture shock” that this person is living. a. She loves the city and she is making plans to walk around the place. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ b. Frederick wants to stay home, relax, and watch a new movie. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ c. Everybody was making fun of the first day when they arrived to the city. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ d. The teacher is “home sick”, she wants to go back to her school town. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ e. I don’t like the food, there’s no entertainment, there’s no place to go on Sundays. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity

Factual Comprehends what people suffer when moving to another country and encounter a different culture. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5

Value: Attitude

Reads to infer answers and understands about culture shock. C

MC

NYC

Values the various customs and behaviors found in cultures in other countries. Obtained value:

143


Closing activities Activity 6 Answer these questions about the customs in your country. Write complete sentences. 1.

What should you take with you when you are invited to someone’s home? When you________________________________________________________________________________

2.

When you meet someone for the first time, what should you do? When you _______________________________________________________________________________

3.

If you eat in a restaurant, how much do you leave for tip? If you ___________________________________________________________________________________

4.

What do you do if a friend gets engaged? If a friend ________________________________________________________________________________

5.

What does your family usually do when a relative graduates from high school? When a relative ___________________________________________________________________________

Activity 6a Write about the customs in 7 different parts of the world. Customs around the world

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

6 Factual

Writes about various customs and behaviors in different cultures throughout the world. Auto evaluation

144

Value: Attitude

Recognizes the differences among customs. C

MC

NYC

Values the various customs and behaviors found in cultures in different countries. Obtained value:

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 7 Choose a country, investigate and write a report about its culture, language, customs, food, education, etc. Paste your report here.

You can find information: http://www.topics-mag.com/internatl/holidays/festivals.htm

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Investigation report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

7 Factual

Writes about various customs, behaviors, food, and language from other country. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

Value: Attitude

Recognizes customs, behaviors, food, languge, values, etc. from other country. C

MC

NYC

Values the various customs and behaviors found in other countries’ cultures. Obtained value:

145


Didactic sequence 3. Celebrations, holidays and festivals. Start up activity Activity 1 Read and answer the questions:

“Fifth of May” is a celebration of the Battle of Puebla. The Battle of Puebla took place when France was trying to invade Mexico. Mexico won and that is why “Cinco de Mayo” is a popular celebration today.

1.

The first American “Thanksgiving” was celebrated in 1621 to commemorate the harvest collected by the Plymouth Colony after a harsh winter. Now, American and Canadian families celebrate thanksgiving by preparing large meals. They usually roast a turkey, bake pies, and cook vegetables.

Working people and their labor unions in most of the countries of the world celebrate the social and economic achievements of the international labor movement. “Mayday” usually sees organized street marches by millions of workers.

“Chinese New Year” starts with the New Moon on the first day of the New Year and ends on the full moon 15 days later. The Chinese celebration is a family affair, a time of reunion and thanksgiving.

”Independence Day” honors the birthday of the United States of America and the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. It's a day of picnics and patriotic parades, a night of concerts and fireworks.

What do Mexicans celebrate the “Fifth of May”? ____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

How do you celebrate the “Fifth of May” in your city? ________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

What do Americans celebrate in “Thanksgiving Day”? _______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________

146

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 1 (continuation) 4.

How do American and Canadian families celebrate “Thanksgiving Day”? _______________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Do you celebrate “May Day” in your country? _______________________________________________________

6.

How do working people celebrate “May Day” in part of the world? _____________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________

7.

How is “Chinese New Year” celebrated? ___________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________

8.

When do Americans celebrate “Independence Day”? ________________________________________________

9.

What do Americans celebrate on “Independence Day”? ______________________________________________

10. Do you celebrate “Independence Day? ____________________________________________________________

Activity 1a

Answer the Festivals crossword puzzle. Down 1. 2. 3. 4. 6.

Festival celebrated on October 31st. The day when you were born is your… A very important festival in China. Father of Christmas. Festival on Spring.

Across 5. Festival on February 14th 7. Festival on December 25th

Activity 1b

Discuss with your classmates. Which of these festivities do you celebrate in your country?

1.

Activity

1

What do Mexicans celebrate the “Fifth Factual

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercises. Value: of May”? ______________________________________________ KNOWLEDGE Procedural Attitude

_________________________________________________________________________________________

Identifies special days and annual events2. How do you celebrate the celebrations, holidays, and festivals.

Practices describing customs and events in his/her

Collaborates and appreciates the use of

“Fifthorofother May” in your city? _________________________________________ countries. language to be applied in a real context.

C MC NYC _________________________________________________________________________________________ Auto evaluation

3.

Obtained value:

What do Americans celebrate in “Thanksgiving Day”? ________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________

BLOCK 3

147


Development activities Activity 2 Read the dialogue and learn about “Independence Day” in USA. Albert: Next week is “Independence Day”. It’s on the fourth of July. Nina: So what do you do on Independence Day? We also have an Independence Day in Mexico. Albert: Well, It’s a day when everyone spends the day outdoors. Most towns have parades with marching band. The people at te parades wave American flags. In the afternoon people have a cook-out and then play volleyball or baseball with friends and family. Nina: Hmm, sounds interesting! Albert: But it’s not just that. The most spectacular part of the day comes late in the evening. Then it is time for a big firework display to celebrate American Independence. Nina: So, what are you going to do this fourth of July in the evening? Albert: My family and I are going to the firework display in Patagonia Park. Would you like to go with us? Nina: Sure. I’d love to. Albert: I’ll pick you up at five. Then you can tell us about your Independence day in Mexico.

Activity 2a

Pair Work. Practice the conversation in pairs.

Activity 2b

Write the meaning of the compound words. 1. Outdoors _____________________

3. Firework _____________________

2. Cook out _____________________

4. Pick up _____________________

A compound word is made when two words are joined to form a new word. Hyphenated form: six-pack Open Form: full moon Close form: keyboard

Activity 2c

Write questions for the answers. 1. _________________________________________________________________________________________? On the fourth of July. 2. _________________________________________________________________________________________? They usually spend it outside. 3. _________________________________________________________________________________________? They have parades with marching bands. 4. _________________________________________________________________________________________? In the evening. 5. _________________________________________________________________________________________? They are going to the firework display in Patagonia Park.

148

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 2d Write a report about “Independence Day” in Mexico. When is it? How do you celebrate it? Etc. Paste your report here.

Activity

2 Factual

Identifies special days and annual eventscelebrations, holidays, and festivals. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

EVALUATION Product: Role play practice, a report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Practices describing independence day in his/her or other countries. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Values the various customs and behaviors found in other countries’ cultures. Obtained value:

149


Activity 3 Use the Compare/Contrast Organizer to write the differences and similarities between Independence day in Mexico and the United States. Mexican and American Independence.Celebrations. Mexican Independence

American Independence How are they alike?

__________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

How are they different?

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

Activity

3

Factual Writes the difference in the way people celebrate independence day in two different countries. Auto evaluation

150

EVALUATION Product: Compare and contrast activity. KNOWLEDGE Procedural Recognizes the difference in the way two countries celebrate independence day. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows respect when comparing and contrasting the way people celebrate a holiday. Obtained value:

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 4 Investigate and write two important celebrations for each month in Mexico and The United States. Holidays in America: http://www.infoplease.com/spot/holidays.html#tha Holidays in Mexico: http://www.mexonline.com/holiday.htm

MONTH

MEXICAN CELEBRATION

AMERICAN CELEBRATION •

January

3rd. Monday. Martin Luther King’s Birthday.

• February March April May June • •

July

4th. Independence day

August • •

September

16th. IndependenceDay

October November December

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Festivities investigation. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

4 Factual

Identifies special days and annual eventscelebrations, holidays, and festivals. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

Practices describing dates of events in his/her or other countries. C

MC

NYC

Value: Attitude Shows respect when comparing and contrasting dates of holidays. Obtained value:

151


Activity 5 How much do you know about these festivities from around the world? Complete the sentences from column A with information from column B. Write the letter in the parenthesis. 1. Mexican celebration on March 21st

(

)

a. holy week, end of 40-day Lent period.

2. Important celebration for Chinese

(

)

b. President Benito Juarez’ birthday.

3. This week includes Good Friday and Easter Sunday

(

)

c. people give presents to love ones.

4. Valentine’s Day is a day when…

(

)

d. many countries honor workers.

5. July 14 is the day when…

(

)

e. Halloween, October 31.

6. May day is a day when…

(

)

f. in Ireland

7. Kids dress up in costumes in…

(

)

g. French celebrate their revolution.

8. They celebrate Saint Patrick's Day

(

)

h. is New Year.

Activity 5a Pair work. Discuss with your partner and write about holidays and celebrations around the world. Example: 1. 2.

Christmas in India - In India they decorate banana or mango trees. They also light small oil-burning lamps as Christmas decorations. New Year in Mexico- ________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Independence day in ________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

4.

__________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

__________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

6.

__________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

152

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 5b

Board writing activity. Take turns; pass to the board and write the sentences.

Expressions to describe holidays, festivals, and celebrations: is a day/a night when… Example: A wedding anniversary is a time is the day when… when married people celebrate. A… is a time when… Before… Brazilians celebrate a Carnival After… before lent. When…

Activity 5c Complete these sentences with information of your own. 1.

Summer is a season when students _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Mother’s day is the day when ___________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Christmas around the world is __________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

4.

Spring is the time of the year when ______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

5.

A birthday is a _______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 5d Complete the statements. Match columns by writing the letter in the parenthesis. 1.

Birthday parties is a day

(

)

a. when Americans eat turkey.

2.

Halloween is a day

(

)

b. when people eat “Chiles en nogada”.

3.

Thanksgiving is a day

(

)

c. when Irish people wear green.

4.

Mexican independence is

(

)

d. when people receive presents.

5.

St. Patrick’s day is

(

)

e. when children go “trick-or treating.”

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

5 Factual

Identifies special days and annual eventscelebrations, holidays, and festivals. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

Value: Attitude

Practices describing customs and events in his/her or other countries. C

MC

NYC

Engages in a conversation with a classmate in a proactive and empathic attitude. Obtained value:

153


Activity 6 Write the definition for the verbs used when talking about celebrations and holidays. Use your English disctionary. Verb

Definition

ask for

elicit,

attend

evoke

Verb

Definition

invite

_________________

_________________

knock

_________________

celebrate

_________________

last

_________________

change

_________________

love

_________________

date

_________________

party

_________________

dress up

_________________

receive

_________________

get

_________________

return

_________________

say

_________________

(engaged/married) happen

_________________

serve

_________________

have (a party)

_________________

wear

_________________

hold

_________________

honor

_________________

Activity 6a Write a verb for the statements. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

A carnival is a party that ___________________ four days. Japanese women ________________________ kimonos in their wedding. How do you _________________________Independence Day? Lets ____________________a party this Saturday. I didn’t ________________________ an invitation for the anniversary. Don’t __________________________alcohol drinks in the party. Children _______________________on people’s doors and ask for candy. Don’t laugh in the ceremony; you have to _______________________ the flag. We _____________________ the pledge allegiance to the flag. You have to ___________________ very formal for the graduation.

Activity 6b Write the number of the statement that belongs to each picture.

______________ 154

______________

______________

______________

______________

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 6c Choose verbs from the table and write statements. 1.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

2.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

3.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

4.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

5.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

6.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

7.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

8.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

9.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

10.

____________________________________________________________________________________.

Activity

Factual Identifies verbs to be used to talk about special days and annual events- celebrations, holidays, and festivals. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

6

Value: Attitude

Practices using verbs to describe customs and events in his/her or other countries. C

MC

NYC

Appreciates the use of the grammar to be applied in a real context. Obtained value:

155


Activity 7 Team work. Get in teams of three. Take turns asking and answering questions. Write the answer in the chart. Question

You

Student 1

Student 2

What’s the most interesting holiday in your country? When is it? How do people celebrate it? What special food do you eat? What do you like most about it? What else do people do?

Activity 7a Go around the classroom and ask the other teams for the result of the first question. Take notes and draw a chart. Chart for the most interesting “Holiday” in the country.

156

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 7b Write about the favorite holiday or festival of one of your classmates. (Student 1 or Student 2).

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

7 Factual

Identifies special days and annual eventscelebrations, holidays, and festivals. Auto evaluation

Value:

Practices describing customs and events in his/her or other countries. C

MC

NYC

Attitude Shows respect when writing and talking about customs and ways people celebrate holidays. Obtained value:

Closing activities Activity 8 Use the Compare/Contrast Organizer to write the differences and similarities between a “Holiday” from two countries (You have an example in activity 3).

BLOCK 3

157


Activity

EVALUATION Product: KNOWLEDGE Procedural

8

Factual Writes the difference in the way people celebrate a holiday day in two different countries.

Attitude Shows respect when comparing and contrasting the way people celebrate a holiday.

Recognizes the difference in the way two countries celebrate a holiday. C

Auto evaluation

Value:

MC

NYC

Obtained value:

Activity 9 Make compound words. Match words from column A with words from column B. A TABLE WEEK NEWS LADY EYE EARTH BIRTH LIP AIR BULL BRAIN NOTE

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

B BOOK STORM BUG BROW DAY END QUAKE DOG STICK CLOTH PAPER PLANE

_____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________

Activity 9a Find the “Compound Word” in the following sentences and write them as two separate words. 1.

Janette was paid to baby-sit for her baby sister Fatima.

___________________ ____________________

2.

Pat bought a beautiful swimsuit, shorts, and blouse.

___________________ ____________________

3.

Charles is a craftsman and made his furniture by hand.

___________________ ____________________

4.

The Cowboys and the Rangers are my favorite teams.

___________________ ____________________

5.

I am going to the airport this afternoon.

___________________ ____________________

Activity 9b Board Writing Activity. Take turns; pass to the board to write the compound words. sentences. Activity

EVALUATION Product: Practical exercises. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

9 Factual

Identifies compound words. Auto evaluation

158

Value: Attitude

Practices by matching and forming compound words. C

MC

NYC

Appreciates the use of language to be applied in a real context. Obtained value:

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Activity 10 Write a complete report about Christmas traditions in different countries. Hand the report to your teacher or paste it here. Remember that there are lots of Christmas traditions that are practiced by a number of countries all over the world during the holiday season. These traditions can be as diverse as the culture and religious practices of each and every country in the world. You can find information that can help you at: http://www.santas.net/aroundtheworld.htm http://www.soon.org.uk/country/christmas.htm

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Report. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

10 Factual

Identifies compound words. Auto evaluation

BLOCK 3

Value: Attitude

Practices by matching and forming compound words. C

MC

NYC

Appreciates the use of language to be applied in a real context. Obtained value:

159


Activity 11 Choose a “Holiday� or festivity in your country or other country that you prefer and elaborate a brochure promoting cultural, artistic, and sports events. Present the brochure to your teacher, to the class, and paste it here.

Activity

EVALUATION Product: Brochure. KNOWLEDGE Procedural

11 Factual

Writes a brochure promoting cultural, artistic, and sports events of a particular country. Auto evaluation

160

Value: Attitude

Recognizes by writing a brochure the cultural, artistic and sports event of a particular country C

MC

NYC

Values the holidays, festivities and how they are celebrated around the world. Obtained value:

INVESTIGATES AND RELATES CULTURAL SITUATIONS


Bibliography Richards Jack C. 1999. “New Interchange Teacher’s Edition 2” Cambridge University Press. Richard Jack C. 1999. “New Interchange Teacher’s Edition 3” Cambridge University Press, Thrush Emily, Blass Laurie, Baldwin Robert. 2002. “Interactions Access Listening/Speaking”. McGrawHill/Contemporaries. New York, New NY. Aaron Jane E. 2006. “The Little Brown Essential Handbook”. Pearson Longman. Colegio de Bachilleres del Estado de Sonora. 2007. “Taller de Redacción para Negocios” Dirección Académica de Colegio de Bachilleres de Estado de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora. Electronic Sources: http:wwwgotosonora.com/rio-sonora-route.htm. Retrieved April 2010. http:www.sonraturismo.gob.mx/ Retrieved April 2010. www.eslteachersboard.com/ Retrieved April 2010.

BLOCK 3

161


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