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Covering Orange Coast College since 1948

Coast Report Costa Mesa, California

Volume 73, No. 11

Students and community members speak out about the controversy at Newport Harbor High School


n my history class whenever that kind of stuff was brought up kind of surreptitiously people would do the ‘heil Hitler,” in the back of the classroom when they think no one’s looking. I would just glance and be disappointed, but I can’t start screaming in the middle of a lecture so I would stay silent. This was an amazing opportunity to speak out against all of that. It was all boiling under the surface and this just erupted all of it. — Gina Leaman, student


hat some people think is funny seriously hurts other people. — Jack Rogers, student


t’s not a problem that Newport has now, it goes years and years back. — Susan Chingay, OCC student and Newport Harbor graduate


re all Jewish students going to have to get used to this kind of anti-Semitism and hate in the community or is this gonna change? — Ben Kwong, student


’m not Jewish myself but I have multiple friends who are. Some of them were on stage with me tonight and I believe their stories 100 percent. — Jack Rogers, student


e remain focused on educating students on all aspects of life’s challenges and are committed to holding students accountable, educating them on the consequences of their choices, and the impact these actions have on our schools and community at large, — Frederick Navarro, superindentent of NewportMesa Unified School District in an email statement sent to parents


t means so much to have your friend or peers say, ‘that’s not right.’ That’s what we need to have more of. — Gina Leaman, student


don’t want Harbor to be seen as a racist school. Those students don’t represent us. — Caitlin McDermott, student

March 6, 2019

High school


A social media post by Newport Harbor High School students showing them giving the Nazi salute around cups arranged as a swastica causes outrage in Orange County.



Every day I pee next to swastikas drawn in the bathroom. I write on desks emblazoned with swastikas in the classrooms. It’s everywhere.


ore than 500 students, parents and community members gathered at Newport Harbor High School Monday night where close to 20 panelists condemned anti-Semitism after photos emerged of several of the school’s students performing the Hitler salute around red cups arranged as a swastika. Dozens gathered outside the school before the evening meeting to discuss the viral photos as two police cruisers and several news vans waited. Inside, some students discussed the high school’s ongoing culture of hostility toward minorities. “Every day I pee next to swastikas drawn in the bathroom. I write on desks emblazoned with swastikas in the classrooms. It’s everywhere,” said Max Drakeford, a Newport Harbor High School student whose grandmother, a Holocaust survivor, was also at the event. Drakeford said he grew up hearing stories of the Holocaust from his grandmother, which amplified his visceral reaction to the photo. “When I saw the photos my heart was pumping. I was sweating. I was pacing around and shaking and I felt a genuine rage and sadness inside me. At first I was hell bent on getting these kids consequences, but as I reflected more I realized we can use this for something bigger than just punishing them,” Drakeford said to the Coast Report. “It can be the catalyst for actual socio-cultural change.” The high school’s administrators said they hope to use the incident to educate students. “We are committed together to drive change, with a commitment to make tomorrow better than today. We believe that there is no place for hate,” Newport Harbor High School principal Sean Boulton said on stage. Panelists also included the mayors of Newport Beach and Costa Mesa, members of the Newport-Mesa school board, its superintendent, principals from Costa Mesa and Newport Beach high schools, Newport Harbor High School ASB members, two rabbis, a representative for the Orange County Human Relations Commission and the school resource officer for Newport Harbor high. Two Holocaust survivors who attended were given standing ova

Max Drakeford High school

Snapchat photo

Newport-Mesa students make the Nazi salue around a red cup swastika during a drinking party over the weekend. The photo has sparked controversy in the community.

tions and one of the rabbis evoked audible crying in the room when he spoke. According to the Jewish Federation and Family Services in Orange County, there are at least 300 Holocaust survivors living in Orange County. Some students defended the actions of those in the photo in online chats, saying the episode was a joke and shouldn’t be taken so seriously. Harley Rouda, California’s 48th district representative, condemned the incident in an email to his constituents. “It doesn’t matter whether or not they thought it was funny. When we joke about Nazism, its history loses meaning — and we cannot forget that history,” Rouda said in a statement. “These students must learn that hate has consequences, and their parents and our school district must redouble their efforts to teach them.” The school did not discuss what disciplinary steps would be taken See SCHOOL Page 3

Forensics team talks talk and walks walk BY LAUREN GALVAN EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

When Orange Coast College’s Speech, Theater and Debate team won the Spring Championship Tournament for community colleges in the Pacific Southwest last month, it was almost expected. For the past four years, the team has won state and national championship tournaments — a feat that no other community college has achieved in nearly nine decades. “It was the first time in 89 years that any team has won four state and national championships in a row,” Shauhin Davari, director of the OCC interpretive event team said. “No one has ever won four state championships in a row and for sure, no one has ever won four national in a row. That’s probably our

biggest accomplishment.” For the team, which prepares students with the help of many coaches for communication tournaments and competitions while helping them better their speaking, the win streak has required long hours of preparation. Some students even wake up at 4 a.m. almost every day to make sure they have enough time to practice with coaches. “Just like at a track and field meet when students go and compete in the 400-meter and the high jump, we have public speaking events where students can do persuasion at a tournament and we have people who go and do debate at the same time,” Davari said. Davari is an OCC alumnus who was on the team after being recruited by a friend of his that bribed him to attend a meeting. “My friend told me he would buy me a cup of coffee if I went

to the speech and debate meeting. I went and fell in love with the activity itself and I still do it today because I believe it is one of the single greatest benefits to the OCC student body,” Davari said. OCC’s Speech, Theater and Debate Team is one of the largest student organizations on campus with over 60 members. The team turns no student away no matter their situation or lack of experience with speech and debate as long as they are a good team player and work hard, Davari stated. Unlike some clubs and teams on campus, the team doesn’t have tryouts. However, not everyone on the team gets to go to state and nationals. “We have an open door policy. Anyone who is interested is welcome and no experience is needed.” Sherana Polk, the director of forensics for the team said. Polk is one of the head coaches of the team and handles the

budget, assigning the students to competitions and making sure everyone is prepared. Another aspect of the team entails helping students find who they are and what they want to do with their lives, according to Polk. “I started at a community college and it was speech and debate that helped me find direction. I was a 19-year-old woman who didn’t know what she was doing,” Polk said. When preparing for a competition, the team practices daily for hours at a time. Getting ready for state and nationals requires up to 30 hours per week. In the speech and debate room, each coach has a list of appointments on their door of students they are helping with their speeches that week. According to Davari, each coach is a volunteer and they put in eight to 12 hours a week helping students better

their speeches. “When we get closer to state and nationals the coaches are volunteering 15 to 20 extra hours a week, on top of the classes they teach, in order to work with students on their speeches,” Davari said. “It’s a lot. It is a lot of work and it is quite the undertaking.” The coaches also help the students develop their strengths and become more competitive as they go deeper into the program, according to Polk. In order to ensure the students are getting the best training and guidance, Polk makes sure that all of the coaches can help any student no matter their problem and category. Some of the students who excel on the team have won scholarships. According to Davari, in the last three years, members of the team have won $350,000 in student scholarship money, however, that number is made up of only full rides and not partial rides.

Students who work hard and are passionate for the team can also get places as judges and part time coaches for the team. “I was the top speaker in California 2017,” Erin Roberts, a 29-year-old political science major at OCC said. “I was No. 2 in the country at the national tournament.” Roberts was a part of the team for three years and no longer competes. However, she is now a part time coach for the Speech, Theater and Debate Team, as well as a judge for tournaments on the weekends. According to Roberts, the team is a place where anyone has the ability to talk about what matters the most. “It will change your life. If you are interested in speaking better or gaining confidence then just take the plunge,” Roberts said. “It is a family you never knew existed.”




An iPad was reported stolen from the Frank M. Doyle Arts Pavilion at Orange Coast College Feb. 26 at approximately 9 a.m., Chief of Campus Safety Jim Rudy said. Arts pavilion director Tyler Stallings went outside after hearing the back door of the building close and noticed a tall blonde woman hop the fence, Rudy said. When Stallings went into the arts pavilion exhibit area, he noticed an OCC student’s iPad, which was used as part of an art display, was missing. Video footage showed a woman in her 20s run and hop the fence. The student artist was notified and filed a report with the Costa Mesa Police Department.

Hit and run-ish

A hit and run of a parked car at a meter in the Arts Center Parking Lot was reported to Campus Safety Feb. 26 at 9:30 a.m., Rudy said. A witness took pictures of the suspect’s license plate and damage to the victim’s car. The suspect waited with the witness and when the victim returned, the witness told him he

saw the suspect hit his car and attempt to drive off, Rudy said. The victim left to use the bathroom, and when he returned, the suspect was gone. The student reported the crime to the Costa Mesa Police Department.


On Feb. 27 at 10:15 a.m., two female students reported a woman bleeding profusely in a women’s bathroom stall in the Allied Health building, Rudy said. Campus Safety arrived on scene and according to Rudy, the young woman had sliced her wrist. Campus Safety officers applied pressure to stop the bleeding and paramedics transferred the victim to Hoag Hospital for further medical treatment. Rudy said the quick action by the students and by the Campus Safety officer saved the woman’s life. Anyone struggling can contact the National Suicide Prevention Hotline at 1-800273-8255. — The Crime Blotter was compiled by Linda Mizrahi from Campus Safety reports.

Corrections and clarifications Due to a reporting error in the story “Sleeping in Secret,” published Feb. 20, the the name of an Orange Coast College Campus Safety officer was mispelled.

The officer’s name is Trent Younkin. In the same story the regulations on campus was misrepresented. Students are not allowed to sleep in vacant buildings.

ADVERTISE WITH THE COAST REPORT Call Kate Mann at 714.432.5673

MARCH 6, 2019

Tailgates target of thefts Owners of popular pick up trucks are encourged to use tailgate locks.


ARTS AND CULTURE EDITOR Orange Coast College Campus Safety is taking a proactive approach after the tailgates of two Toyota Tacoma pick-up trucks were removed in OCC campus lots in February. Campus Safety assistants have been told to be on the lookout for suspicious activity around trucks. “An increase in patrol in the parking lots have been enforced,” Director of Campus Safety Jim Rudy said. “Over the past 10 days we’ve had two (tailgate thefts), and for (Campus Safety) that heightens our attention that these are occurring.” According to Campus Safety Officer Charles Melton, the Toyota Tacoma pick-up truck’s parts are popular with thieves. Melton responded to a tailgate theft from a 2013 Toyota Tacoma that took place on the Adams Avenue Parking Lot Feb. 7. “Tacoma tailgates un-clip and have a quick release to slide them off, making it convenient for owners but easy for thieves,” Melton said. Grainy video footage from a camera located on OCC’s LeBard Stadium documented the time of the event, but specific details of the crime were undetected. “You can see that the pick-up truck was parked there. In one frame the light-colored tailgate is there and you can see a person approach. Suddenly, there’s a dark spot where the light spot of the tailgate was,” Melton said. According to Rudy and Melton, cameras surrounding the parking lots are not set up to be a security surveillance system. “The camera

Photo courtesy of Chase Hinkle

Chase Hinkle’s 2010 Toyota Tacoma pick-up truck had its tailgate stolen from the Arts Center Parking Lot recently. The missing tailgate is one of two stolen from parked vehicles on campus in the last month.

systems are set up to monitor how full campus parking lots are,” Melton said. Rudy said Campus Safety has been in discussions with OCC to enhance the campus parking surveillance system. “(Cameras) are very expensive,” Rudy said. “To get one good high-quality camera you’re talking $4,000 and then to hard wire the camera system, it’s a significant expense — a project that may be phased in over time.” The approximate value of the two stolen tailgates can be upwards of $1,500 each. “They have a back-up camera system in the tailgate so it’s a high cost to replace,” Melton said.

The Associated Students of Orange Coast College and the College Life Committee present



SIGN-UPS START FEBRUARY 25TH AT THE ASOCC OFFICE OR ONLINE This event is ADA compliant. Reasonable accommodation requests related to a disability should be made no later than five business days prior to this event by contacting Michael Morvice at (714) 432-5730 or For more information, please contact the ASOCC Office at (714) 432-5730

According to The National Insurance Crime Bureau, in 2016 there were 1,877 claims for tailgate theft and 1,788 in 2017, making California one of the leading states for tailgate theft. For Tacoma trucks prior to 2016, owners can attach a hose clamp or after-market tailgate lock to prevent thieves from removing the tailgate. They can also mark the tailgate with the owner’s license plate number so it can be identified if it is recovered. Tailgate locks are now standard equipment on Toyota Tacoma pick-up trucks on 2016 models and after. Chase Hinkle, 33, owns the 2010 Toyota Tacoma whose tail-

gate was removed from his truck Feb. 16 in the Art Center Parking Lot. “I met (friends) for a game of Pokemon at about 11 a.m. and parked in the lot behind Starbucks,” Hinkle said. “At 1:50 p.m. I came back and my tailgate was gone. (The thieves) knew what they were doing.” According to Hinkle, the estimated value for his 2010 Tacoma tailgate is between $1,000 and $2,000. For now, it’s not an urgent issue for Hinkle to replace his older model tailgate. “Campus security was extremely helpful,” Hinkle said. “They were great and they followed up.”


and Anaheim Hills — but also on all of Orange County. “We need a good fire suppression plan and evacuation system, a plan for housing affordability, and CalOptima,” Sanchez said of the system that administers health insurance programs for low-income residents in Orange County. “The county is responsible for that and it hasn’t been doing a good job.” The growing homelessness epidemic is another issue Sanchez said that she’d tackle. “It took a federal court judge to go to the Santa Ana Riverbed and tell the Board of Supervisors to put a roof over homeless occupants’ heads,” she said of U.S. District Judge David O. Carter, who is presiding over lawsuits related to the county’s shelter shortage. “What the judge found was there was about $700 million sitting in a bank account they were supposed to spend on housing and mental health and they never did.” The board of supervisors is also responsible for regional transportation, air quality and water, social welfare and healthcare, mental health, airports, coastal lands, harbors and rural areas and parks. The money for county projects is primarily received from state and federal funding. “It’s really vital that people are able to make their voices heard when it comes to issues that influence our lives,” Erin Roberts, a 29-year-old political science major and vice president of the OCC Young Democrats said. “We have this money — why aren’t we using it to help improve people’s everyday lives? There is a perspective the board of supervisors has not seen.” Ritter said it’s important for all students to vote. “What’s at stake, ultimately, is who is governing various aspects of your life,” he said. “If that’s not important enough to get off the couch and fill out a ballot, I don’t know what is.”

Dems hope to ride the wave STAFF WRITER

After Democrats swept Orange County’s congressional races in last year’s midterms, the party is hoping to extend the blue wave into next week’s Board of Supervisors special election for the third district. Residents will vote Tuesday to replace Todd Spitzer, who became Orange County’s district attorney, which some Orange Coast College students say could be another pivotal moment for county politics and a board of supervisors that has historically been Republican-dominated. “Are Democrats going to keep up the momentum they had during the midterm and show that not only can they take congressional seats away, but can they take a local seat away?” Noah Ritter, a 21-year-old political science major and president of OCC’s Omega Psi Sigma political honors society said. Ritter served as deputy campaign manager for Spitzer’s 2018 bid for district attorney. Seven candidates are running for the board’s third district seat, one Democrat, former U.S. Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez, and six Republicans, including Irvine Mayor Don Wagner and former Anaheim Councilwoman Kris Murray. For the past 12 years the board has been made up entirely of Republicans, until this year when Doug Chaffey was elected to represent the fourth district. If Sanchez, who gave up her congressional seat in 2016 to run for U.S. Senate — which she lost to Kamala Harris — wins this year, Democrats will have the opportunity to become the majority in 2020. The election will impact OCC students living in the third district — which includes Yorba Linda, Villa Park, Orange, Tustin, Irvine,

Features 3

MARCH 6, 2019

Lending a prosthetic helping hand OCC student Jose Garcia uses a 3D printer to make artificial limbs.


When he’s not in class at Orange Coast College, Jose Daniel Garcia is frequently hard at work on a 3D printing machine in his garage. One of his recent creations was a prosthetic hand, an incredible yet straightforward piece of machinery powered by a tension cable made from strong fishing line and triggered with a string. Garcia sprung it to action with a flex of his wrist, so that the prosthetic fingers clamped down on a cup. Garcia, a 22-year-old biomedical engineering major, works with 3D printing companies to distribute these prosthetics for free to people in need. “We take things for granted,” he said. “Being born healthy, even having the ability to hold a cup or brush your teeth is something that not everyone has.” Garcia’s journey into 3D printing and volunteer work started with his high school mentor. Scott Walker, an instructor at the Garden Grove Unified School District taught Garcia how to use 3D printing ma-

Photo by Alena Veronin

Jose Garcia, a 22-year-old biomedical student, demonstrates his custom designed prosthetic hand made by a 3D printer.

chines and encouraged him to seek out volunteer opportunities where he could put his printing skills to use. From there, Garcia started working with organizations that connect volunteer engineers and manufacturers with people who need affordable prosthetics the most. Garcia has volunteered with Airwolf

3D, a Costa Mesa company that produces 3D printers and also donates parts and hosts community events such as the ocMaker Challenge, a student 3D printing competition. Custom-designed prosthetics can be absolutely critical for some people with injuries or deformities, said Garcia. Garcia and others like him carefully

work around a person’s specific anatomy and use special materials to make comfortable components for clients. “The organizations have designs we can download and use,” Garcia said. “I try to see what I can tweak for specific people.” Garcia said that physical pain is not the only thing clients

suffer from. “Bullying is a problem for kids with injuries or deformities,” he said. “Bullied kids’ parents can reach out to us through these organizations.” Garcia said he pays about up to $30 out of pocket for materials for each prosthetic. But he doesn’t charge anything for the products he makes.

The dedication to helping others from people like Garcia, combined with the general affordability of 3D printed prosthetics can make a miraculous change in someone’s life. These plastic parts are vastly more affordable than the cutting-edge prosthetics made with intricate engineering and expensive materials like titanium, which can have price tags of up to $11,000. As 3D printing technology improves and new materials are developed, printers become more affordable and reliable, and their usefulness in manufacturing is exploding. The hard, plastic material most common to home 3D printers is called ABS, Acrylonitrile Butadlene Styrene. Polyamide is a much tougher, more flexible plastic. Other options include resin, ceramic, and metal powders. With these more advanced materials available, all kinds of possibilities have opened up. As an example, circuit boards can be made entirely in a 3D printer, eliminating the need for soldering. With the latest 3D printing technology, some replacement organs can be 3D printed using the patient’s own cells as material. Currently printable organs include skin and the bladder. According to Garcia, the idea of printing hearts, livers, and kidneys are a hot topic in the industry as well.

Bringing the campus together through the arts BY TORRIE KRANTZ STAFF WRITER

The Frank M. Doyle Arts Pavilion resides in a center point of campus, constantly surrounded by students — the smell of Starbucks coffee beans wafting through the air as you walk through the shiny double doors. Surrounded by socially and politically expressed art sits a man tucked away in a modern, yet bland office. Creative passion floods through his mind as he plots his next venture as the heart and soul of the arts pavillion on the Orange Coast College campus. As Tyler Stallings rounds out his first year as the director of the arts pavilion, he looks back on his career path, the accomplishments he made in the last year, and his future plans for the arts pavilion. Born in New Orleans and raised in the Southeast, Stallings first found a love for art through film and comic books, citing “Star Wars” as the seminal thing that made him think about art. “I was 12 years old in 1977 when it came out and it really in-

spired me to make my own movies with friends,” Stallings said. Sparking his interest in organizing and bringing people together to put on a show — or in this case the making of a film — Stallings started to develop his talent for curating without even knowing it. “My senior year of high school really cemented my love for art,” he said. “I took a ceramics course, and I had never really worked with my hands and the magic of suddenly making something that never existed was the thing that really convinced me and developed my passion.” Always on the move and with a constant flow of ideas, Stallings is persistent, radiating with a smile and the urge to help others succeed. After graduating from the Atlanta College of Art in 1990, he moved to California to attend the California Institute of the Arts. He started to organize exhibitions in an effort to gain exposure while also working part time at the Municipal Art Gallery at Barnsdall Art Park in Hollywood. Stallings credits a curator at the Municipal Art Gallery who helped him believe that curating could

become a serious career avenue. “I often think about that moment because it was his generosity in providing someone an opportunity,” Stallings said. “I think I’ve always remembered that because if it hadn’t have been for him, I would not be where I am now and I’ve made it an effort to try and do the same with my students.” Entertainment design major Enrique Del Rivero Ferrer, a student assistant to Stallings said, “Tyler gives me the freedom to put my aesthetic theme into what I am creating. I get to be a big part of this place. It’s been a really cool experience.” Taking on his second semester at the arts pavilion, Del Rivero Ferrer works with the showcased artists and has been developing exhibit brochures for each show and the general graphic design for the pavilion. “Tyler is really funny, and it’s been real fun to be a part of this,” Del Rivero Ferrer said. Del Rivero Ferrer plans to transfer to art school in Pasadena and Stallings will connect him and help provide him a similar position at the school’s art gallery once he is attending.

SCHOOL: Student behavior raises controversry in OC. From Page 1

but a verbal commitment was made to ensure that it doesn’t happen again. Students reported that some teachers dedicated 20 minutes at the start of class on Monday to discuss the incident. Other schools are also weighing in on the matter. The principal of Corona del Mar High School said it will also host an emergency meeting Thursday. In interviews with the Coast Report, students said racism at NHHS isn’t a new phenomenon. Like Drakeford, many recalled seeing swastikas and racial slurs drawn or carved onto surfaces in bathrooms, classrooms and handball courts. “A few of the kids that were at the party were not remorseful. They continued to make more Jewish jokes. I heard one apology and a lot of excuses,” Caitlin McDermott, a 16-year-old sophomore at Newport Harbor High School told the Coast Report. Some of the students involved in the incident posted statements regarding what had occurred on various media platforms. One Newport Harbor student who allegedly took one of the

photos at the party and posted it to social media has since made a public apology online. “I’m sorry I took the photo, and very sorry that I chose to post it on Snapchat. I had the opportunity to step up and voice that what was going on was not right, I also had the choice to leave but I did not, and for that I am so very sorry,” the student said in her post via Snapchat. The Associated Student Body of Newport Harbor High School also took to media platforms to release a statement on their Instagram page condemning anti-Semitism and calling for further education on the impact of the student’s actions. Jack Rogers, a student at Newport Harbor and an ASB member, told the Coast Report that the greater issue was to address it as a wake-up call, not only to the youth but the greater community too. Rogers said a greater cultural change will need to happen to promote compassion in everybody’s lives. Susan Chingay, a 19-year-old psychology major at Orange Coast College and 2017 Newport Harbor graduate, recalled a normalcy of casual racism at the school in the

midst of the 2016 presidential election. “So because of that (Trump getting elected), we had a lot of racial slurs written on campus where predominantly Hispanic people would hang out. They would write ‘wetbacks’ or ‘go back home,’” Chingay told the Coast Report. According to Chingay, she introduced the first ever ethnic club at Newport Harbor in 2016-2017 called Latinos Unidos. She said some students complained about feeling threatened by the club being formed, saying it was racist and non-inclusive. However, Chingay said the club accepted all people to join, not just Hispanic students. Students at the event were hopeful for real change to come from the incident, citing a lack of outcry in previous, smaller instances. Drakeford said the incident caused the Jewish population of the school to rally together. Newport Harbor principal Boulton said the district will continue to listen and mediate through student and parent groups. David Sonnenberg, Nick Loveland and Lila Shakti contributed to this report.

Prior to starting his venture at OCC, Stallings worked at UC Riverside for 11 years and is passionately driven to bind OCC together through the arts pavilion. “It’s an exciting time for me to be here, and also to help provide some vision for the Doyle,” Stallings said. “I want to expand beyond the footprint of the arts pavilion itself to more of the campus.” Stallings envisions a public art program including art on a vinyl wrap that would be temporarily displayed on sidewalks or buildings across campus. One of Stallings’ dreams would be to create a horizontal mural program between the awning of the arts pavilion and Starbucks mirroring the Sistine

Photo by Alena Veronin

Tyler Stallings poses in front of art inside the Frank M. Doyle Arts Pavillion.

Chapel and dreams of art festivals with performance aspects


to help bridge campus and the community.

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2 1 H C R MA

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Arts & Culture

MARCH 6, 2019

Not your everyday symphony

Campus Events For information on most campus events, call (714) 432-5880.

Music from video games shares the night with songs from movies.

Campus “Women in Leadership Symposium,” Thursday from 4:30 p.m. until 8 p.m.: Local women leaders share their experiences and insight in the fields of in STEM, government, business and activism. Light refreshments will be provided. Global Engagement Center 110. Free for students, open to the public.


The word “symphony” usually conjures up images of people dressed in coat tails and ball gowns — not songs from movies or video games. This is where Orange Coast College Symphony comes in, with a unique twist on something familiar. The Robert B. Moore Theatre at OCC is elegant, with curving walls and high ceilings, and hosts incredible performances throughout the year.Saturday’s performance was no exception. There was an excitement in the theatre as OCC Symphony conductor Maxim Kuzin introduced his performers and musicians and told a bit about what the audience would hear. It isn’t every day that you get the pleasure of listening to Grammy-nominated artists live, but at this performance there were not only one, but two, sharing their talent — Anne Walsh, professor of voice and a jazz/pop vocalist and Tom Zink, an arranger and pianist.

Photo by Lila Shakti

From left to right, Alden Stoneman, a voice professor at OCC, Anne Walsh, Michelle Griepentrog, Griffen Runnels, and Maxim Kuzin perform at the Robert B. Moore Theatre Saturday.

The show alternated between songs from movies, such as “The Look of Love,” from the movie “Casino Royale,” and songs from video games, like “Tidecaller/ Nami’s Theme” from “League of Legends.” Being able to witness a live performance of powerful music with artists of this caliber is magical. There were some pieces without vocals, and they were

filled with lilting violins and pleading cellos. There were booming, rousing, rushing crashes from percussion, coupled with gentle, melodic, enchanting caresses from the oboe and viola. Some songs, such as Walsh’s performance of “In the Still of the Night,” were jazzy and soulful, while others, such as Walsh’s “Fear Not This Night” from the game “Guild Wars 2,”

were haunting and dramatic. Unlike some symphonies in which an entire score is played but nothing else, this one moved the audience all around, expressing varied emotions and ideas. Some songs may have sounded familiar to the audience, while others were completely new. Different singers came on stage for specific songs,

and each song performed was unlike the one before it. This made for a memorable evening, as these wonderfully talented artists and musicians came together to keep the audience enchanted and engaged. This is exactly what you want a symphony to be — fun, unpretentious, casual and moving. If you can, go to the next one and leave inspired.

Awards show surprised with diversity Both the Oscars and Grammys gave nods to the unexpected.


Despite considerable doubt from the public, February — also Black History Month — saw favorable diversity among Grammy and Academy Award winners. This season’s awards ceremonies were under fire before the actual events had even occurred. Hosted by Alicia Keys on Feb. 10, the 61st Annual Grammy Awards was not without tension as the show has been notoriously criticized for alienating hiphop and rap artists, genres that typically don’t win in the top categories. As a result, some black artists including Childish Gambino, Kendrick Lamar and Drake declined opportunities to perform at the event. Gambino didn’t even attend. Fans were quick to take to Twitter and call out the music organization’s questionable record with artists of color and their lack of representation.

Boycotting the event has become popular in recent years with one user calling the Academy “racist and unfair to hip-hop” artists and others not watching because their taste in music doesn’t “get much recognition in the important categories.” “The Grammys, in itself, should be a showcase of legitimate music in the various genres,” Rendell Drew, professor of political science at Orange Coast College and musician said. “Hip-hop is controversial, as far as lyrics. It puts down women and uses a whole lot of profanity. It sends a certain negative image and maybe the Grammys doesn’t cater to that style. A lot of people don’t consider it to be genuine music.” Grammys producer Ken Ehrlich and Recording Academy President Neil Portnow have both denied believing the show has a “race problem.” However, the night produced winners in the “top-prize” categories that satisfied racial and gender diversity. Childish Gambino’s “This Is America” won Song of the Year, Record of the Year, Best Music Video and Best Rap/Sung Performance. He and country star Kacey Musgraves tied for most wins, each

receiving four awards. Kendrick Lamar received eight nominations — the most for the evening — followed by Drake with seven and a win for Best Rap Song with “God’s Plan.” And in a historic first, Cardi B became the first woman to ever win Best Rap Album for her record “Invasion of Privacy.” Two weeks later on Feb. 24, the 91st Academy Awards were held with its own set of controversies and past damning disapprovals. The Academy Awards is no stranger to discrimination allegations, receiving adverse reactions in the past for lack of diversity among nominees and recipients. However, among the evening’s winners were African-American stars Mahershala Ali and Regina King in the Best Supporting Actor/ Actress categories for his work in “Green Book” and her work in “If Beale Street Could Talk.” Director Spike Lee took home the Best Adapted Screenplay award for “BlacKkKlansman.” “Green Book” won Best Picture and Best Original Screenplay. Ruth Carter and Hannah Beachler also made history for their work on “Black Panther,” becoming the first African Americans to win for costume design and production design. When the Academy announced

“I’m a trifecta vegan — I do

it for the environment, health and feminism,”

Renee Hatten Customer


While plant-based food is now everywhere in Orange County, it’s often a challenge to find ethnic vegan cuisine — because for many cultures, the most authentic meal is the animal product itself. Loretta Ruiz, who opened the area’s first vegan Mexican eatery named La Vegana Mexicana in February, is hoping to change this. Located in the Fourth Street Market in Downtown Santa Ana, the restaurant is introducing a new way to look at Mexican culture through delicious plantbased items such as tamales, tinga and ceviche while spreading the message of veganism. “I like feeling as if I’m doing something for the planet,” said

Photo courtesy of @laveganamexicanaoc’s Instagram

An employee at La Vegana Mexicana serves up vegan favorites in the first vegan Mexican restaurant in Santa Ana.

Alejandro Sierra, Ruiz’ son and an employee at the resturaunt, about promoting veganism. “This is my form of community service.” In Mexican culture, most dishes consist of meat, cheese and more meat. It’s hard to find traditional meals that don’t include animal products, yet after years of testing recipes, La

Vegana Mexicana developed a tasty menu of traditional Mexican fare. “A lot of the people who come here to eat are trying something new and asking questions. They are becoming aware of the regulations (of veganism) and are starting to be educated,” Sierra said about the Latino community he comes across during his workday at the restaurant. Studies have shown that vegan and vegetarian diets may encourage weight loss. Plantbased diets are also associated with a lower risk of heart disease and diabetes.

“Banff Mountain Film Festival,” March 20 at 7 p.m.: The OCC Friends of the Library presents the thrilling films of adventure. Robert B. Moore Theatre. $10 at the door. “The Skywheel Project,” April 3 at 12 p.m. until 1 p.m.: A public art project to build a space satellite to house prayers for the earth written by people around the world.After launch, the Skywheel will circle every place on Earth in a regular cycle and function for a thousand years, a symbol of our goals work together to strengthen our planet’s future. Global Engagment Center 110. Free admission, open to the public.

“Netflix and Phil (osophy): Children of Men,” April 3 at 6 p.m. until 9 p.m.: Free screening of “Children of Men” followed by a faculty led panel of diverse student perspectives about the themes in the film, including displacment, refugee status, and more. Science Lecture Hall. Open to all students, free admission.

Photo courtesy of @recordingacademy

Alicia Keys hosted the Grammy Awards this year, which despite early controversy ended in a diverse group of winners.

plans to include a new category to celebrate Popular Film, the proposal was met with staunch backlash. Some argued that it was “demeaning” to big blockbuster hits, and would potentially diminish chances for Best Picture nominations. Fans of Marvel’s “Black Panther” also expressed concern

with the film’s potential to win the Best Picture category if Popular Film were to be included, several noting the inconvenient timing of the proposal. Popular Film was ultimately not included in the award show and “Black Panther” left well decorated with wins in three categories.

Mexican vegan restaurant breaks boundries Ethnic foods often include meats and dairy — excluded in vegan cuisine.

“Irini Rickerson Benefit Lecture,” March 15 from 4 p.m. until 10 p.m. Lecture at 6 p.m.: Art instructor Irini Rickerson’s benefit lecture about mysterious sites around the world including her own project in Greece. Robert B. Moore Theatre. Tickets $10.

It’s been known for years that Latinos are prone to heart disease and diabetes and because of that, many are turning to a diet that can help reverse those illnesses. But when doing so, they are often met with discrimination from their peers and family. Many assume that becoming vegan means turning your back on your own heritage. So often just as quickly as they jumped into veganism, they fall right back out due to peer pressure. Still, many restaurants on Fourth Street in Santa Ana have noticed a rising demand for vegan meals and have started to provide them. Alta Baja Market, which is famous in the Fourth Street Marketplace, has vegan options such as banana pancakes, pozole and champurrado. These strides in veganism allow Latinos to find comfort in their culture as well as their food. Other customers at La Vegana Mexicana are passionate

about veganism and are ready to educate their friends and families. “I’m a trifecta vegan — I do it for the environment, health and feminism,” said Renee Hatten, who said that a plant-based diet also means taking a stand for her health and animals. The greenhouse gas emissions of livestock surpass the transportation sector. And according to People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), it takes 2,400 gallons of water to produce one pound of cow meat, compared to only 180 gallons of water to produce a pound of whole wheat flour. If you find yourself interested in veganism, get educated. There is a whole community out there ready to welcome you with open arms. Start by having “meatless Mondays” and switching out your milk for dairy-free options. Every little switch of habit makes a big change in the world.

Theatre “Radium Girls,” Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays March 16 through March 24 from 7:30 p.m. until 10 p.m.: Written by D.W. Gregory and based on the true story of Grace Fryer, a radium clock dial painter whose lawsuit spurred workplace safety regulations. A look at health, science, industry and worker’s rights. Drama Lab Theatre. Tickets $10 advance, $15 at the door.

Concerts “The Legal Status of the American Indian,” March 20 from 3 p.m. until 5 p.m.: Watch the rich histroy of Native Americans come to life through dance, music and historical context. Forum Lecture Hall. Free admission, open to the public.

“OCC Invitational Dance Concert,” Saturday from 7:30 p.m. until 10 p.m.: Celebrate the artistic talent of young dancers from surrounding dance studios and high schools and enjoy the variety of dance styles presented by a new generation of performers and choreographers. Robert B. Moore Theater. Tickets $12 advance, $20 at the door.

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MARCH 6, 2019

Searching for truth Why so critical? EDITORIAL

The testimony last week from Michael Cohen — President Donald Trump’s former lawyer and fixer — was a reminder of the need for vigorous Congressional oversight. While Democratic members of Congress spent the majority of the seven-hour testimony searching for answers about Trump’s potential wrongdoings, several key Republican members initially tried to prevent Cohen from testifying, and later tried to discredit him by citing his guilty plea to fraud and lying to Congress. These tactics to discredit Cohen came across as desperate attempts to stop the allegations he had made against Trump. Committee members should not be trying to shy away from testimonies but instead embracing them and doing their civic duty to search for the truth. Democratic members instead opted to ask Cohen questions related to the allegations that Trump deflated and inflated his assets as well as several of his business ties before and during his presidency. Democratic representative from Costa Mesa Harley Rouda asked direct questions about Trump’s relationship with Felix Sater, a Russian mafia member who had alleged Kremlin ties. Trump said under oath that he wouldn’t recognize Sater if he saw him, but Cohen said that Sater had an office in Trump Tower on the 26th floor, Trump’s personal floor — showing that

Trump’s testimony was misleading at best. Democratic representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez from New York used her time effectively to ask complex follow up questions her fellow representatives’ inquiries. She referred to the “catch-and-kill” strategy of buying the rights to damaging stories from publication about Trump, and if there was a physical or digital collection of all the stories. Cohen responded saying he wasn’t sure but named others, including David Pecker, the chairman of American Media, which publishes the National Enquirer. These types of questions and answers are the results we expect from testimonies. Conservatives who chose to waste their time by making speeches and attacking Cohen’s merit are doing a disservice to the American people. We need more testimonies in order to fully understand the scope of the investigations that are currently underway. The Coast Report editorial board is proud of the new local and out of state representatives who sought out answers and the truth instead of trying to hide it. We also hope for more informative testimonies in the future. As chairman Elijah Cummings said in his closing statement, “When we are dancing with the angels, the question will be asked. In 2019 what did we do to make sure we kept our democracy intact? Did we stand on the sidelines and say nothing?’”

Robots drop calls Ajit Pai, chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) took a break from deregulating Henry Bate Obama-era Digital Media laws that Editor protect consumers from telecommunications service providers to do something of actual worth for the American people. In November he sent out letters to major companies such as AT&T, Verizon, Google and Comcast prompting them to implement a system combating robocalls and phishing schemes that yielded $200 million in forfeiture in 2017, according to Pai’s statement. The chairman spent recent years annoying consumers and pleasing businesses by deregulating the internet as a utility and allowing the sale of consumers internet browsing data to third party companies. So it’s an odd yet welcome change of pace to see Pai attempting to regulate telecommunications service providers, telling them they have until the end of the year to implement an authentication system for calls so phone numbers must be verified before a call can be made. One of the worst problems that consumers deal with is call spoofing, in which a local phone number is falsely generated to trick the call receiver into answering. Pai wants companies to implement a “shaken/stir” framework that would authenticate the call as it goes out, then verify it again before the call is sent to the receiver. Of the 14 letters sent out to various companies and their CEOs, a few have responded with slight resistance to the time frame Pai has

set for these companies. “The timeline necessarily is dependent, in significant part, on factors beyond AT&T’s control, including coordination with other voice service providers. For example, AT&T’s current target of exchanging signed calls with one service provider in the third quarter of next year is based on preliminary discussions initiated earlier this month,” John Marsh Executive Vice President of Regulatory and State External Affairs for AT&T said in a statement to the FCC. Representatives for Google responded, saying they already have a robust system being implemented in-house that combats robocalls and are taking further steps with their Pixel 3 smartphone by adding a call screen feature in which a consumer can have a Google assistant answer a call and find out who’s calling before the receiver answers the phone. Most companies’ responses agreed larger steps needed to be taken and were happy to comply with the request to develop and implement these systems. This is a good example that I hope changes Pai’s mind on how much regulation is needed for these companies. The internet and smartphones have become an extension of the human experience and an integral part of the everyday lives of billions of people. This means it needs to be an open and fair playing field that Obama-era rules tried to provide. For the first time Pai has made me believe he’s aware that these companies can’t just blindly operate without rules or regulation, I just hope he has the ability to expand on that thought and maybe realize the damage he’s been doing since his appointment to chairman. I won’t hold my breath though.

Warner Bros. Pictures has finished production on the first ever standalone Joker movie, titled “Joker,” starring award Dakota winning acCripe tor Joaquin Staff Writer Phoenix and directed by Academy Award nominee Todd Phillips, set to be released in October. When discussing notorious comic book villains within the Marvel or DC universes, the Joker is typically involved. The DC universe super-villain has been portrayed in both animated and live-action productions by some the most talented actors in Hollywood. The question still remains however, who is the best Joker? According to an online ranking by the Internet Movie Database (IMDb), the top two Jokers are animated. Mark Hamill in “Batman: The Animated Series” (1992-2016) at No. 1 and Troy Baker in the videogames “Batman: Arkham Origins” (2013) and “Batman: Arkham Knight” (2015) at No. 2. But it takes more than a voice to truly embody the DC comics’ most infamous villain on the big screen. The first actor to portray the Joker on the big screen was Cesar Romero in 1966. Romero’s white-faced, green-haired, cackling portrayal paved the way for following actors. After Romero, Academy Award-winning actor Jack Nicholson took on the role in 1989’s “Batman.” Various critics believe Nicholson’s overly illustrated smile and aggressively fiendish behavior as the Joker is

one of the greatest performances in film. Certainly, there have been impactful impressions of Batman’s arch nemesis but there is no performance more chilling and real than Heath Ledger’s live-action depiction in “The Dark Knight” (2008). Ledger, a method actor, spent an extended period of time preparing for his role as the Joker. He reportedly locked himself away in a dark room for up to six weeks at a time experimenting with voices and characters and carrying only a diary of his inspirations and thoughts. During this time he independently developed the frightening, “Why so serious,” dialogue that grabbed the audience and stapled his legacy as DC’s most prominent Joker. According to the Daily News, Ledger only got about two hours of sleep a night during his iconic role. Ledger is quoted in the media as saying that when playing “a psychopathic, mass-murdering, schizophrenic clown with zero empathy, I couldn’t stop thinking. My body was exhausted, and my mind was still going.” Unfortunately, following the film, Ledger was found dead from an overdose of various narcotics sought to remedy his sleeplessness and emotional pain. In 2009, Ledger was posthumously awarded the Oscar for best supporting actor. According to IMDb, Ledger’s performance remains the greatest ever live-action performance. The upcoming film “Joker” will have high expectations, especially following Jared Leto’s controversially disappointing performance in “Suicide Squad” (2016). IMDb reports “Joker” is about

18, nursing

“Jared Leto. Because he’s the hottest one.”

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The upcoming Joker movie “Joker” features Joaquin Phoenix in the title role. He follows a long line of stars portraying the character in feature films.

Nearly five years after her b o y f r i e n d ’s suicide, Michelle Carter of Massachusetts was sentenced to prison af- Mary Marcu ter she conStaff Writer vinced her late boyfriend Conrad Roy to kill himself via text messages. Have you read the texts? They are gut wrenching. They are disgusting. The whole time I’m screaming while reading them, “WHAT ARE YOU DOING?!” She could have been his life line. Carter received five years in prison for involuntary manslaughter after Roy was found dead due to suicide in a car full of toxic gas. Roy, 18 at the time, constantly battled depression and had previously attempted suicide in high school. An article by USA Today stated Carter “showed no discernible emotion as she was taken into custody, though her shoulders sagged as she stood and prepared to be led away.” According to the National Institute of Mental Health, suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States, and only the second leading cause in people aged 15 to 24.

For the amount of effort Carter put into convincing Roy to go through with killing himself, she could have convinced him not to, and urged him to seek professional help. There are multiple reasons why people don’t seek mental health therapy. I have personally battled with mental illness and can attest to these. People are afraid of feeling vulnerable, because vulnerability makes people feel week and a sense of shame, as if there is something wrong with them. I almost wonder if she was battling with some sort of mental illness, or if she was simply that unaware as to the severity of the situation. Her lawyers, however, are still trying to fight against her ruling, using the free speech card. Really? Do they not understand the fact that this kid could have still been alive if it wasn’t for her? According to the NIMH, in 2016, “an estimated 2.2 million American adolescents aged 12 to 17 had at least one major depressive episode with severe impairment. Only 19 percent of these teens received care from a health professional.” Others are simply uninformed, or have a lack of insight. Nobody is taught how to deal with mental illness. While it’s a major part of life now with its acceptance, it’s not as commonly taught as math or

Features Editor

Linda Mizrahi Arts and Culture Editor

Carlie Chaulsett-Utley Sports Editor

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a failed stand-up comedian who is driven insane and becomes a psychopathic murderer. Co-starring award-winning actor Robert De Niro, the film looks to tap into the dark methodical psychopathy that is the Joker’s character. Director Phillips is no stranger to creating box office success. Phillips’s most notable work includes all three “Hangover” movies (2009, 2011, and 2013) and “War Dogs” (2016). With all of this Hollywood firepower, fans are still skeptical but excited for the release. The Coast Report ran polls over the past two weeks asking for respondent’s favorite Joker portrayals. For live action, Ledger’s performance in 2008 is the overwhelming favorite and for animation, Hamil’s long run as the Joker on televison.

Suicide resources needed


Vanessa Kane


science. The lack of information given to students and parents is remarkable being that there are resources on every school campus. Orange Coast College has an amazing team over at the Student Health Center. They provide short-term psychological care and crisis intervention, and can provide many other resources for students to seek mental health therapy beyond the health center. It’s the best thing a person can do for themselves when in need of help. I urge anyone who is harboring dark thoughts, depressed or even finding themselves overwhelmed with the daily dealings of school and life, to seek out therapy. I encourage people who aren’t dealing with any hardships, to take a step back and look around at the people they know, and to be aware of anything that might stand out from a fellow student, colleague or friend, and reach out to them. Seeking therapy doesn’t mean that you’re broken, or that there is something wrong with you at all. The human mind is complex and sometimes need a guide to get along. Roy’s story is remarkably devastating, especially knowing that he would still be alive today if the right steps had been taken. You could save a life.

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Editor Articles, comments and editorials in the Coast Report’s print and online editions are those of staff members and editors and do not reflect the views of Orange Coast College, its administration or student government or the Coast Community College District. Articles and photos posted on are a matter of record and can’t be removed. California law states that college journalists are assured the same First Amendment rights as professional journalists. Their work cannot be subjected to prior restraint and the law prohibits college officials from disciplining a student for activities related to speech or press related endeavors. Coast Report welcomes letters from readers. Guest commentaries are the views of the writer and don’t reflect the views of the Coast Report, OCC or the district. Letters must be signed and are subject to editing for taste, length or libel. Letters are limited to 350 words. Advertising claims are those of the advertisers and do not constitute endorsement by the newspaper. Coast Report reserves the right to reject any advertising for any reason. The newspaper is not liable for return of unsolicited materials.

“What is your favorite Joker?”

Wesley Niedringhaus 19, undeclared

Sean Moore 19, undeclared

“When I first saw the film I thought Jack “I feel like Heath Ledger took his role Nicholson was a very crazy and intimi- so seriously that he made it seem like he dating actor who fit the film nicely.” was actually the Joker.”

Alex Kochanowski

Daniel Sanders

18, psychology

18, business administration

“Jared Leto because he’s creepy and that’s the only movie I’ve seen with a Joker in it.”

“Heath Ledger’s chaotic approach to crime makes his film far more unpredictable and menacing.”



MARCH 6, 2019

Softball breaks 10-year losing streak FROM CAMPUS REPORTS Orange Coast College’s softball team is 11-1 overall after a walk-off win over third place Santiago Canyon College. The Pirates are 3-1 in conference play. OCC had not beat SCC since the inception of the Hawk program 13 years ago. Santiago has been a forced to be reckoned with in recent years. They won the state championship in 2016, and have been a top-five seed in the Southern California Regional playoffs the past two years. Santiago Canyon got off to an early lead in the top of the first inning after a two-out rally. After a double by Cozette Zoch, Sabrina Rivera was able to get an RBI single to score Zoch. Pirate pitcher sophomore Jordyn East kept the Hawks in check the rest of her 6.1 innings of work. She didn’t allow a walk and allowed SCC just four hits on Friday. She posts a 2.97 ERA in 33 innings pitched this season. East has sent the fourth most girls back to the bench with 35 strikeouts on the season. Flawless defense and strong pitching for the Pirates left the score at 1-0 until the bottom of the sixth inning. Pirate freshman powerhouse Liana Castro found her pitch

and sent it over the left field fence, tying the game at one. She has blasted five homeruns and has 16 RBIs this season. Castro leads the conference in homeruns. She has the second highest batting average on OCC’s squad. She posts a .462 average. The Hawks threatened to go ahead in the top of the seventh but were held off by East. Santiago started a late inning rally with two outs but were brought to a halt with a foul pop out after a single and a hit batter. The Lady Pirates came back to win in the bottom of the seventh inning. Sophomore outfielder Blake Hesla led off with a nine-pitch plate appearance resulting in a walk. Freshman outfielder Joanna Michaels moved Hesla into scoring position with a sacrifice bunt. OCC leads the conference with 19 sacrifice hits. Sophomore Shawna Aguerrebere was able to move Hesla to third on a fly out. Freshman third baseman Brooklynn Pack came up clutch with a RBI single to push past Santiago Canyon for the first time ever. Pack’s .469 batting average leads the team and is fifth highest in the conference. Softball has slowly made a name for themsleves in the OEC. Last season, they held a record of 17-21. With more than half the sea-

Photo courtesy of Orange Coast College

Madison LeClaire gets a basehit in a recent game. She posts a .444 batting average in conference play. She and the Pirates are in second place in the Orange Empire Conference. LeClaire has 11 RBIs on the season. She has four hits in four conference games. The Lady Pirates are on a six game winning streak, outscoring their opponents 35-15 in that stretch.

son left to be played, the Lady Pirates look to make a push for the playoffs. With top-five statistic leaders

performances in seven of eight categories, OCC may be able to reach the playoffs for the first time in recent years.

The Pirates remain in second place in the Orange Empire Conference. OCC returns to play today weather permitting vs fifth

place rival Santa Ana College at home. They will also be at home tomorrow vs. Saddleback at 3 p.m. weather permitting.

Angels stretch for new stadium Industry of high school athletics Will the Los Angeles Angels turn into the Long Beach Angels?


The year is 1966. Lyndon B. Johnson is the president and The Mamas & the Papa’s “California Dreamin” blares all summer long, topping the Billboard 100. The Los Angeles Angels have settled into their new home in Anaheim after spending their inaugural season in 1961 at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles. The next four years would entail playing musical chairs with the Los Angeles Dodgers sharing turf at Dodger Stadium. Angel Stadium is the fourth oldest stadium in baseball, behind Dodger Stadium, Wrigley Field, and Fenway Park.

Nearly half a century later after passing on the chance to set up shop in Long Beach, the city is once again offering its final rose. So, will the Angels accept it? In October 2018, the Angels opted out of its lease at Angel Stadium in Anaheim which would have kept the team in Anaheim throughout 2029. After the 2018 election, Angels owner Arte Moreno met with new Anaheim Mayor Harry Sidhu to discuss how to keep the team in Anaheim. The two sides agreed to extend the team’s lease through the 2020 season. The extension will allow negotiations between Anaheim and the Angels to continue and for the team to exercise all of the it’s options outside of Anaheim, from Tustin to even Long Beach. Last week, the city of Long Beach proposed the development of a new ballpark potentially on a waterfront site.

With any new city building project comes the inevitable, funding. The city estimates construction cost to be around $700 million, nearing close to $1 billion by completion. Long Beach Mayor Robert Garcia said in a statement that talks are in the early stages of due diligence and the city is exploring a variety of options for the property. Talks have included a downtown waterfront development plan that would house parking around the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center area. According to the Long Beach Post, the proposed lot is roughly 13 acres and is one of the largest underdeveloped parcels of land in downtown Long Beach. The Angels original owner, the late Gene Autry, originally wanted to settle the Angels in Long Beach but declined when asked by the city for the team

to be named the Long Beach Angels. Over the past 52 years and four name changes, the Angels have called Anaheim home. The Angels since arriving at Angel Stadium have been known as the California Angels (1965-1996), Anaheim Angels (1997-2004), Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005-2015) and currently the Los Angeles Angels. In 2013, Moreno and the city of Tustin were in negotiation to build a new facility that would seat nearly 37,000 and cost roughly $700 million. Negotiations fell through before the start of the 2014 season when Moreno and the Angels deemed a brand new stadium would prove to be too pricey. Moreno immediately back peddled to the warning track, declining to pay in full himself. The Angels have yet to look outside of the Los Angeles area, making Long Beach the most plausible option currently.

Shoot for the stars not the needle Doping: To administer drugs to an athlete in order to inhibit or enhance sporting performance. In the realm of professional Jacob sports, cheatPowers ing is as bad Features Editor as it possibly gets. So why do professional athletes earning millions of dollars per year continuously try to get away with it? Drug abuse in sports has been an on-going issue since the 1960s and is persistent in most levels of competition. The first ever drug testing of athletes occurred in 1966 at the European Athletic Championships. Performance enhancing drug use throughout the 1990s MLB home run races and the rise of the NFL in the early 2000s made for some of the most entertaining years in American sports history. The life of an athlete can be daunting as injuries plague consistently with mental health often taking a back burner in

exchange for a successful, worn out champion. To combat season fatigue, athletes frequently turn to anabolic steroids, which are natural and synthetic substances that help build muscle mass enabling athletes to train longer and recover quickly from strenuous workouts. Some of these substances include Tetrahydrogestrinone and human growth hormones (HGH), both powerful anabolic-androgenic steroids that provide an unfair advantage in recovery time, strength and fatigue over other clean athletes. The NFL, Olympics, NCAA and the MLB officially banned Androstenedione, a steroid that converts into testosterone, in 2004. For professional paid athletes, stressors are just a minute reason to turn to substances. Athletes turn to performance enhancing drugs for a plethora of reasons — some need immediate relief from an injury that is preventing them from earning a check that feeds the family, while others quickly attempt to treat an underlying mental illness they are hiding from the team. Super Bowl LIII champion and MVP Julian Edelman re-

ceived a four game suspension in the 2018-2019 season for violating the league’s drug policy and was allowed to play in the playoffs despite being popped early in the season for performance enhancing drugs. While testing positive for some type of unknown substance the same season, it was clear enough to be ruled by the NFL’s drug testers that Edelman held an unfair advantage over competitors using the substance. It was Edelman who advanced last year’s 11-5 season finishing Patriots deep into the playoffs with spectacular catches racking a career postseason high of 388 yards in 26 touches. Is he really that good? Edelman, a seventh round pick out of Kent State was deemed a non-impact player that would only be of value in the special teams unit, has now captured his third championship ring in style. So, was it the steroids? After missing the entire 2017 season due to a torn ACL injury at the age of 32, Edelman needed to return quickly to being a professional crash test dummy who gets ricocheted over the

middle by linebackers and defensive backs. The steriods allowed him to do just that. While every other major sports league in the nation is strict on the limitations of steriods, the NFL and its commissioner, Roger Goodell, continues to play peek-a-boo. Allowing habitual drug policy offenders in the league to continue competing amongst clean athletes with no real long-term consequences is just outright absurd right? Welcome to the NFL.

High school football is football in its most pure form. Kids that grew up playing sports together throughout Dade Amon Staff Writer their entire life come together on the biggest stage in football, Friday Night Lights. Kids that grew up as water boys are now donning shoulder pads and helmets ready to show their skills and pledge their allegiance to the school and its colors. Or at least that’s how things used to be. Southern California is seen as one of the premier recruiting spots in the country often producing more than one team in The National Top 25 poll, one of them usually atop of the rankings. Boasting high powered schools such as Mater Dei, St. John Bosco, Orange Lutheran and others. Most of these teams are well represented with multiple four or even five-star athletes, making leagues like the Trinity League among the toughest in the entire country. Last season the CIF-SS Division I bracket was ranked by Maxpreps. com as the second toughest bracket to win in the country. Schools like Bosco and Mater Dei are deemed “pipeline schools” which makes them a must-stop for any college recruiter. Schools like this draw high interest from transfers due to their notability and major exposure to the college football

blue bloods. Schools are able to retain their dominance easier with transfers as they can easily replace a graduated high profile player. In Mater Dei’s case it was not going to be easy with the greatest quarterback and wide receiver tandem in county history. Quarterback J.T. Daniels and wide receiver Amon-Ra St. Brown departed for starting roles at the University of Southern California. Thankfully for the Monarchs, five-star quarterback Bryce Young transferred to Mater Dei from Cathedral High School in Los Angeles and two-way stars Jeremiah Criddell and Sean Dollars joined Mater Dei from Rancho Cucamonga High School which helped fill the enormous gap that was left after losing Daniels and St. Brown. The CIF-SS Division I bracket is making it more difficult for schools to keep up with the high level of opponent play. Legendary Coach Bob Johnson of Mission Viejo High School was not a fan of the division changes in 2016 once stating, “our students have to live within our attendance boundaries. That does not go hand in hand with most of the teams were going to be playing against in the playoffs.” Hometown programs are losing their young rising stars to schools further away for often no reason other than athletics. With transfer numbers only increasing by the year, it seems high school football will soon be taking the free agency route, damaging what makes the game so special.

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Coast Report: March 6, 2019  

Coast Report - Volume 73, No. 11 Orange Coast College Orange County Costa Mesa, CA

Coast Report: March 6, 2019  

Coast Report - Volume 73, No. 11 Orange Coast College Orange County Costa Mesa, CA