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實戰篇 Unit 1 應考特訓 Unit 2 「照片」、「應答」再進階 Unit 3 「簡短對話」主題類型與詞彙 Unit 4 「簡短獨白」各類題材攻略 Unit 5 文法「填空題」實力再加強 Unit 6 「閱讀測驗」單篇文章攻略 Unit 7 「閱讀測驗」多篇文章攻略


實戰

Unit

1

應考特訓

在「奠基篇」中我們傳授了多益測驗各大題的基本題型與解題技巧。然而,具備單字實力 仍是應對各種英語考試的基礎。在「實戰篇」一開始,我們彙整出重要的詞類及單字變化 概念、常考字組以及同義與多義字,以便讓您有系統地、有效率地大量吸收應考必備字 彙,培養紮實的應試能力。接著,我們會再針對各大題的常考主題與題材,提供更多相關 學習素材及練習題,幫助您在多益測驗中奪取高分。

應考特訓— 字彙實力培養

1

A 職業 詞類及單字變化

B 形容詞相反字及複合名詞 C 常考變化字組

特 訓

2 常考同義字

廣告、宣傳

3

advertising publicity promotion marketing

尖銳的 常考多義字

sharp

頭腦清楚的 【口】時髦的;漂亮的 整(指時刻)

127


實戰篇

Unit 1

1

詞類及單字變化

Adj. V. +

man

N.

V. + -or

V. N.

128

+

A 職業

business (n.)

businessman 商人(= entrepreneur)

fish (n.)

fisherman 漁夫(= fisher)

handy (adj.)

handyman 雜務工

mail (v./n.)

mailman 郵差

post (v./n.)

postman 郵差

repair (v./n.)

repairman 修理員

sales (n.)

salesman 銷售員

edit (v.)

editor 編輯

invest (v.)

investor 投資人(名詞 investment 指 「投資」)

supervise (v.)

supervisor 主管

advise (v.)

adviser 顧問(名詞 advice 指「建議」)

buy (v.)

buyer 購買者(= customer 顧客)

clean (v.)

cleaner 清潔者

commute (v.)

commuter 通勤者

consume (v.)

consumer 消費者

employ (v.)

employer 雇主

law (n.)

lawyer 律師

manage (v.)

manager 經理

manufacture (v./n.)

manufacturer 製造商

message (n.)

messenger 信差

photograph (v./n.)

photographer 攝影師

plumb (v.)

plumber 水電工

report (v./n.)

reporter 記者

retail (v./n.)

retailer 零售商

sell (v.)

seller 販賣者

speak (v.)

speaker 演講者

train (v.)

trainer 訓練者

work (v./n.)

worker 工作者

-er


實戰篇 Unit

V. N.

V. N.

employ (v.)

1

employee 受雇者(相對於 employer

應考特訓

「雇主」)

+

+

-ee

-ant

N. + ist

nominate (v.)

trust (v./n.)

trustee(財產、業務等的)受託管理人

account (n.)

accountant 會計師

attend (v.)

attendant 空服員(慣用 flight attendant)

consult (v.)

consultant 顧問

art (n.)

artist 藝術家

dent (n.)

dentist 牙醫

journal (n.)

journalist 記者

history (n.)

historian 歷史學家

physic (n.)

physician(內科)醫師

technic (n.)

technician 技術員

music (n.)

musician 音樂家

N.(領域)+ -ian

nominee 被提名者(相對於 nominator 「提名者;任命者」)

0 Exercise 請將下列單字填入適當的句子中,使其語意完整。

A dentist C manufacturer 1. Rita had to get a

B journalist D plumber in to fix her bathroom pipes.

2. I am pleased to invite you to interview for the at Economy News. 3. The break. 4. I have to go to the me.

position

guarantees its products will be replaced if they this afternoon; my tooth is killing

N O T E S

129


實戰篇

1

Unit 1

詞類及單字變化

B 形容詞相反字及複合名詞

★ 形容詞相反字

in-

un-

im-

ir-

dis-

ful- 改 -less

130

active

inactive 不活躍的;無生氣的

convenient

inconvenient 不方便的

expensive

inexpensive 花費不多的;價錢低廉的

experienced

inexperienced 經驗不足的;不熟練的

formal

informal 非正式的

valid

invalid 無效的

certain

uncertain 含糊的;不確定的

common

uncommon 不尋常的;罕見的

important

unimportant 不重要的

necessary

unnecessary 不必要的;多餘的

usual

unusual 不平常的;稀有的

mobile

immobile 不能動的;固定的

patient

impatient 不耐煩的; 沒有耐心的

possible

impossible 不可能的

regular

irregular 不規則的

relevant

irrelevant 不相關的;不恰當的

responsible

irresponsible 不負責任的;無責任感的

agreeable

disagreeable 不贊同的;不合意的

connected

disconnected 沒有連接的

loyal

disloyal 不忠誠的;不忠實的

satisfied

dissatisfied 不滿的

careful

careless 粗心的;疏忽的

fruitful

fruitless 不結果的;無效果的

harmful

harmless 無害的;無惡意的


實戰篇 Unit

應考特訓

1

★ 複合名詞 ●

dish + washer

dishwasher 洗碗機

drive + way

driveway 私人車道

feed + back

feedback 回饋

guide + line

guideline 準則

hand + rail

handrail 扶手

land + mark

landmark 地標 

letter + head

letterhead 信頭

life + style

lifestyle 生活方式

paper + work

paperwork 文書工作

table + cloth

tablecloth 桌布

walk + way

walkway 通道

0 Exercise 請將下列單字填入適當的句子中,使其語意完整。

A careless C inexpensive E uncertain

B impatient D landmark F walkway

1. The outcome of the football game is still ten minutes left in the game. 2. The moving for people. 3. Mike is a

as there are

at the airport is basically a conveyor belt worker. He always makes mistakes.

4. I don’t care what kind of restaurant we go to tonight, but it has to be because I don’t have much money. 5. The slow service.

customer complained about the restaurant’s

6. The government designated the battlefield site as a historic . N O T E S

131


實戰篇

Unit 1

1

詞類及單字變化

C 常考變化字組

Track 113

字組

affect (v.) 影響  effect (n.) 影響;結果;效果  effective (adj.) 有效的 efficient (adj.) 有效率的 assist (v.) 協助 assistance (n.) 協助 assistant (n.) 助理 board (v.) 搭乘(飛機、船、火車、 巴士)

q The family was badly affected by the country’s weak economy.

w The sound effects of the movie Avatar were great.

q Bill hired an assistant to assist him with business matters.

w If you need any assistance, just let me know.

q All passengers can now start boarding the plane.

aboard (adv.) 上(飛機、船等)

w Welcome aboard Flight 233 to Houston.

certain (adj.) 確定

q Are you certain (= sure) that John is the one

certainly (adv.) 無疑地 certainty (n.) 確實;必然 commercial (n./adj.) 廣告;商業的 commercially (adv.) 商業上  commerce (n.) 商業;貿易 noncommercial (adj.) 非營利的 compatible (with) (adj.) 相容的 compatibility (n.) 適合性;相容性 incompatible (adj.) 不相容的;矛盾的 customize (v.) 量身訂做 customer (n.) 顧客 custom-made (adj.) 客製化的(反義詞為 ready-made「現 成的」) 

customs (n.) 海關 enterprise (n.) 公司;企業 enterpriser (n.)

企業家;創業者(= entrepreneur) 132

例句

entrepreneurship (n.) 企業精神

This is your captain speaking. who took the money?

w He answered the difficult question with certainty.

q You’ll see our new commercial on TV tonight.

w She graduated from the London School of Commerce.

q Before you buy this software, make sure it is compatible with your computer system.

w We don’t want a compatibility problem afterwards.

q Dear customers, we can customize all our

cakes to fit your special needs. If you don’t need a custom-made cake, we also provide delicious ready-made ones with different flavors.

w Before taking a flight, everyone must go through customs.

q Local enterprises can greatly affect the economy of a region.

w Bill Gates is a successful enterpriser/ entrepreneur.


實戰篇 Unit

應考特訓

1

q If you need anything, don’t hesitate (= don’t

hesitate (v.) 遲疑

feel hesitant) to ask me.

hesitant (adj.) 遲疑的

w Sometimes, showing hesitation while

hesitation (n.) 躊躇;猶豫

negotiating is a sign of weakness.

q Our factory produces computer-related

produce (v.) 生產

products of the finest quality and lowest prices.

product (n.) 產品 production (n.) 產量

w Our monthly production is limited, so order

think (v.) 想 thought (n.) 想法

A: We need to think about it before making a decision.

thoughtful (adj.) 考慮周到的;體貼的

B: That’s a thoughtful thought.

tour (v./n.)

q You can tour the factory as long as you

fast.

旅行;作巡迴演出(或比賽);旅遊

want.

w The tour guide took the tourists for a nice

tour guide 導遊

tour along the river.

tourist (n.) 遊客

e Tourism has thrived since the government

tourism (n.) 旅遊業

promoted the city.

0 Exercise 請選出最適當的單字填入句子中,使其語意完整。

1. It was so

of my coworkers to give me a card on my birthday.

(A) think (C) thoughts

Your answer:

(B) thought (D) thoughtful

AB C D

2. The shrinking airline industry spells trouble for (A) tour (C) tourist

Your answer:

(B) a tour (D) tourism

AB C D

3. The software is not (A) compatible (C) commercial

Your answer:

businesses.

with this computer. (B) compatibility (D) commerce

AB C D

N O T E S

133


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