Page 1


UNIT 4

r o l y a T Swift

焦點人物

A Look Back and a Look Forward

9

單字朗讀》CD/MP3 課文朗讀

慢速課文朗讀

單字朗讀

Believe it or not, Taylor Swift turns 30 this year. It’s clear that she has changed as both a person and an artist over the years. The sweet small-town girl from Pennsylvania 05

who loved country music is now a huge star who continues to produce pop hits.

從過去到未來,

Thus far, Swift’s songs have mainly dealt

泰勒絲 的完美 蛻變

14 / 慢速 MP3 54 15 / 課程講解》MP3 75

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3

with young love and heartbreak. In her first single, the straight-upu country track, “Tim 10

McGraw,” she sang of a former high school boyfriend who is now just a memory. The themeu continued with 2008’s “You Belong

—Meagunn Hart

with Me,” a song that Swift said is about wanting to be with someone whose girlfriend 15

doesn’t appreciate1 him. This song also marked a change from country music to pop, as it featured2 an electric guitar and a catchyu melody. In 2014, Swift completed 3 20

the transition u to pop music with “Shake It Off.” The single lost the country elements 4 completely in favor of a dance-pop 25

style.5 The success of the

song led some to call Swift the new “Queen of Pop.” 22

圖片∕達志影像

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 66 頁


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. believe it or not

信不信由你

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

* 2.

* 3.

a 副詞片語 thus far 指「迄今、到目前為止」,義同 to date(p. 24 第 5 行)。 • Thus far, there are no plans to tear down the building. 到目前為止,還沒有拆除這棟建築物的計畫。

b deal with 在此指「關於、涉及」。 heartbreak [ `h3rt~brek ] 可作可數或不可數名詞,指「心碎;傷 心」。

• This course deals with great writers of the 20th century.

completely [k4m`plitli]

adv. 完全地、徹底(第

I will need more time to complete the homework. * 4.

element [`5l4m4nt] n.

元素;成分 ;部分

Many different design elements were used to build this house.

芭芭拉會得到這份工作是肯定的。

Thus far, Swift’s songs have mainly dealt with young love and heartbreak.

v. 完成 adj. 全部的、完整的;

23 行)

• It is possible that there is life on other planets.

3. Thus far, Swift’s songs . . . 句子解析

以……為特色;以……為號召

complete [k4m`plit] 補

本句型的 it 為虛主詞,代替真正的主詞 that 子句。

• It is certain that Barbara will get the job.

feature [`fit]0] v.

完全的

某事是……的

其他星球上有生命是可能的。

感謝;欣賞;領會

This restaurant features live music every Friday.

信不信由你,我曾經從台北走路到高雄。

2. it is Adj. that S. + V.

appreciate [4`pri]i~et] v.

Alex really appreciates all of the work that you’ve done on the project.

此片語用來帶出可能令人吃驚的事實。

• Believe it or not, I once walked from Taipei to Kaohsiung.

*為大考出現過的字彙

* 5. style

[sta6l] n. 風格;款式、類型 That style of hat is no longer popular.

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

straight-up [`stret`9p] adj. 直接的

*u u u

theme [qim] n. 主題、中心思想 catchy [`k1t]i] adj. (曲調或歌曲等)琅琅上口的 transition [tr1n`z6]4n] n. 過渡、轉變(也可唸作 [tr1n`s6]4n])

Info Box 第 5 行 who loved country music 為關係子句,修飾 前面的 The sweet small-town girl ;Pennsylvania [~p5ns4l`venj4] 指美國「賓夕法尼亞州」。

這門課是關於二十世紀偉大的作家。

• Ed is feeling down because of a recent heartbreak. 艾德因為最近心碎而心情低落。

第 24 行 in favor of 在此指「(不選……)而選擇……; 寧願選擇……」。

Give It a Try 音樂小辭典

請圈選出與本課所學相關的字詞。

g

i

n

o

a

n

g

e

l

c

h

country music [`k9ntri] [`mjuz6k] n. 鄉村音樂

r

y

a

n

r

o

s

m

e

o

h

pop [p3p] adj. 流行的;通俗的(第 6 行) n. 流行音

c

o

h

a

p

p

y

r

l

m

樂(第 17 、 27 行)

s

r

f

e

a

t

u

r

e

p

u

t

n

p

z

r

u

x

m

l

y

o

y

s

o

r

u

q

e

e

p

u

b

l

p

y

n

i

n

t

a

p

p

r

e

c

i

a

t

e

h

single [`s6;g4l] n. 單曲

h

track [tr1k] n. (錄製的)音軌、歌曲

h

electric guitar [6`l5ktr6k] [g6`t3r] n. 電吉他

h

melody [`m5l4di] n. 旋律;曲調

h

dance-pop [`d1ns`p3p] n. 流行舞曲

* 答案請參閱第 66 頁

23


UNIT 10

旅遊好去處

Cambodia

Kuching:

Vietnam South China Sea Thailand Brunei

MALAYSIA

The City of Cats

吉隆坡 Kuala Lumpur

古晉

Kuching

Singapore I

n

d

o

n

e

s

i

a

—Helen Yeh

古晉市:馬來西亞 的「貓城」 圖片 / yanatul / Shutterstock.com

古晉之所以稱為「貓城」 ,一說是因為 Kuching 在馬來語中指「貓」的意思,另有一個說法則是過去古晉的河岸 有許多龍眼樹(Mata Kuching,在馬來語中指「貓眼果」)。無論原因為何,貓已成了代表古晉的動物。

23

35 / 慢速 MP3 64 36 / 課程講解》MP3 85

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 單字朗讀》CD/MP3

課文朗讀

character. Whether it’s a giant white cat

full of town houses and statues2 of cats.

waving “hello” or a robot-cat family sitting

What you’re imagining could very well be

by the river, cat statues are everywhere to

Malaysian state of Sarawak. First-time visitors to Kuching can get to know the city by taking a walk along the Sarawak River. The tree-lined path next to the river gives visitors a pleasant view

10

of the Astana, the 19th-century palace 3 that is the home of the state governor.4

15

20

be seen. And if that’s not enough, there’s even a Cat Museum. Here you can learn about cats throughout different cultures and histories, and see a large collection5 of vintageu Hello Kitty items. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 69 頁

Info Box 第 2 行 town house 指「連棟住宅」,是一種有獨立門 戶及車庫的城市住宅。

Nearby is Fort Margherita, a white-walled

第 3 行 very well 常接在 could、may 之後,用於表 示「很可能地」。

building which was built to protect the city

第 4 行 be located in . . . 指「位於……」。

from pirateu attacks.

第 8 行形容詞 tree-lined [ `tri~la6nd ] 指「樹木林立 的」。

Besides old buildings and houses, cat statues also give Kuching its uniqueu

48

單字朗讀

Picture a charming 1 little city that’s

the city of Kuching, which is located in the 05

慢速課文朗讀

第 15 行 besides 在此作介系詞用,表示「除……之外 (還有)」。


關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary

1. 地方副詞(片語)的倒裝

* 1.

地方副詞(片語)置於句首時,主詞和動詞須倒裝, 主詞是代名詞時則不須倒裝。句型如下 : 地方副詞(片語)+ V. /be 動詞 + S.(名詞) 地方副詞(片語)+ S.(代名詞)+ V. /be 動詞

* 2.

* 3.

皇宮;宮殿

governor [`g9vx0] n.

[k4`l5k]4n] n. 收集;收藏品(a collection of N. 表示「一堆…… 、一群……」)

Jim has a huge sticker collection.

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

*u

pirate [`pa6r4t] n. 海盜

*u

unique [ j8`nik] adj. 獨特的;獨一無二的

u

不管你要留下還是要走,我都會支持你。

vintage [`v6nt6d.] adj. 經典的;古色古香的

Give It a Try

站在後面的這個男孩是我弟弟。

請選出正確選項並改寫句子。

q The queen went back to her ______ to rest because she wasn’t feeling well. A. palace

c 形容詞片語 everywhere to be seen 指「隨處可見」。 • The effects of the typhoon were everywhere to be seen.

B. statue

w The waitress was very ______ and helpful. A. charming

B. governor * 答案請參閱第 69 頁

颱風的影響隨處可見。

A A 艾斯坦那宮(the

州長;省長(state governor 指

* 5. collection

Whether it’s a giant white cat waving“hello" or a robot-cat family sitting by the river, cat statues are everywhere to be seen.

• The boy standing in the back is my brother.

palace [`p1l4s] n.

The governor has two days left to sign the important bill.

我們跳上了馬,然後出發。

b waving “hello” 和 sitting by the river 皆是由形 容詞子句 which waves “hello” 和 which sits by the river 簡化而來的分詞片語,分別用來修飾前面的 a giant cat 及 a robot-cat family。

雕像、雕塑

「州長」)

• We hopped onto the horse, and off we went.

• Whether you stay or go, you have my support.

statue [`st1t]u] n.

The royal family lives in a giant palace on top of a mountain. 4.

引導副詞子句,表示「不管是……還是……(都)」

迷人的、富有魅力的

Let’s meet by the elephant statue.

森林裡住著兔子家族。

a whether . . . or . . . 用於表示選擇或可能性,在此

charming [`t]3rm6;] adj.

I know a charming little restaurant near the park.

• In the forest lived a family of rabbits.

2. Whether it’s a giant . . . 句子解析

*為大考出現過的字彙

B

C

Astana)建於一八七○年,現為砂拉越州長官邸,州政府許多重要活動亦在這裡舉行。

B 瑪格烈達城堡(Fort Margherita [f7rt])建於一八七九年,當初是為了抵禦海盜的攻擊,現在則作為警察博物館。 C 第一隻貓咪雕像就是位在唐人街入口處的大白貓,擺著「招財貓」的招牌手勢,成了許多觀光客必訪的景點之一。

49


UNIT 12

傳說故事

Le gends and s h t y M behind Ear thquakes u

u

地震的神話與傳說 —Bertus van Aswegen

27

43 / 慢速 MP3 68 44 / 課程講解》MP3 89

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 單字朗讀》CD/MP3 課文朗讀

慢速課文朗讀

單字朗讀

The human race has often feared the unknown or the unexplained, and for

05

One of the biggest legends comes 10

from Japan: the story of Namazu, the

thousands of years earthquakes were

giant catfish. Namazu was one of the

one of those unknowns. People could

mythological creatures2 that were known

not understand what made the earth

for causing trouble. When the god of

tremble,1 and their fear of the unfamiliar

Kashima restrainedu Namazu with a huge

led to the birth of some amazing myths

15

magical3 stone, the earth was still. But when the god dropped his guard 4 or

and legends.

got tired, it gave Namazu some room to struggle, which caused earthquakes. In India, people believed the earth 20

was held up by four elephants that were standing on the back of a turtle, which in turn was balancing5 on top of a snake. If any of these animals moved, it would cause the earth to shake. The Mongolians

25

similarly6 believed that a giant frog carried the world on its back. Earthquakes were the result of the frog slipping. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 71 頁

56


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. the + Adj. 的用法

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

* 2.

the unknown [~9n`non] 未知的事物(第 1 行) * 3.

the unfamiliar [~9nf4`m6lj0] 不熟悉的事物

* 4.

magical [`m1d.6k4l] adj.

魔法的、具有魔力的

guard [g3rd] n.

防備、警戒(不可數,文中 drop one’s guard 指「放鬆戒備」);衛兵、警衛(可數)

The thief stole the vegetables when the farmer’s guard was down.

• This experience showed me that I don’t have to fear the unfamiliar. 這次經驗告訴我我不需要害怕不熟悉的事物。

生物

The hero wore a magical belt that let him lift very heavy objects.

事物(第 2 行) (第 6 行)

creature [`krit]0] n.

This story is about a strange creature that lives underground.

字首 un- 表示「不、無」的意思

the unexplained [~9n6k`splend] 無法解釋的

震動、搖晃;顫抖

Joe was so scared that his hands were trembling.

the + Adj. 可用來統稱有某種特質或特性的人事物, 通常視為複數,文中用到三個用法:

tremble [`tr5mb4l] v.

*為大考出現過的字彙

* 5. balance

[`b1l4ns] v.

使保持平衡、使平穩 n. 平衡

Vicky can balance a book on her head.

2. People could not . . . 句子解析

* 6. similarly

• My friend told me what was bothering her. 我朋友告訴我是什麼事在困擾她。

b led 為動詞 lead 的過去式,lead to 後面接 sth 表 示「導致、造成……」,與 p. 58 第 19 行的 result in 意思相似。

u

*u

legend [`l5d.4nd] n. 傳說;傳奇故事

*u

restrain [r6`stren] v. 抑制、壓抑

國家民族小辭典

Info Box

Japan [d.4`p1n] n. 日本

h

India [`6ndi4] n. 印度

h

Mongolian [m3;`golj4n] n. 蒙古人

請填入適合的配對字詞以完成句子。

A. of the unknown.

第 10 行 Namazu [`n3m3zu] 為「鯰魚」的日語說法, 在英文中即為 catfish [`k1t~f6] ](第 11 行)。

插畫 / 霸子

h

Give It a Try

第 5 行 earth 在此指「地面;陸地」。

第 21 行 in turn 表示「接下來、依序、轉而」。

myth [m6q] n. 神話;錯誤的看法 補 mythological [~m6q4`l3d.6k4l] adj. 神話中的;

*u

惡劣的天氣導致機場大延誤。

第 15 行 still 在此作形容詞,指「靜止不動的」。

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

虛構的(第 12 行)

• Bad weather led to long delays at the airport.

第 13 行 the god of Kashima [k3`sim3] 指「鹿島之 神」,為日本茨城縣鹿嶋市鹿島神宮主祭的日本武神及雷 電之神,又名為「武甕槌大神」、「建御雷」。

類似地、差不多地;同樣地

Those two items are similarly priced.

People could not understand what made the earth tremble, and their fear of the unfamiliar led to the birth of some amazing myths and legends. a what 在此引導名詞子句作 understand 的受詞,表 示「 ……的事物」 ,相當於 the thing(s) that。

[`s6m4l0li] adv.

B. balance work and a social life. C. that are seen in many children’s stories.

q Dragons are magical creatures . . .

w Jim is not afraid . . .

e My friend finds it hard to . . . * 答案請參閱第 71 頁

57

Profile for LiveABC

Live No.221  

Live No.221  

Advertisement