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UNIT 3

克漏字

Hitting the Streets with People Walkers —Max Carter

美國新興職業:「遛人」服務陪你散步 11 / 慢速 MP3 60 12 / 課程講解》MP3 84

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3

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單字朗讀》CD/MP3

課文朗讀

慢速課文朗讀

單字朗讀

Everyone knows what dog walking is, but they may not be familiar1 with people walking. Believe it or not, Chuck McCarthy, an actor who lives in Los Angeles, has been doing this for two years. He created the idea of people walking to help people get 05

exercise and provide them __(1)__ companionship.u In 2016, Chuck McCarthy began walking and talking with people for $7 a mile. __(2)__ then, his company, The People Walker, has grown to include more than 30 other “walkers.” People can visit the company’s websiteu to select the area they

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wish to walk in and their preferred walker. People walking is popular because of its physicalu and mental2 benefits.3 It’s great for __(3)__ who want to stay active and healthy but don’t want to step into a gym. Others enjoy the human __(4)__—these people are lonely and just need

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someone to talk to. __(5)__ the reason is, people walking has been an immenseu success, and other cities want to bring the trend4 to their streets.

1. (A) to (B) with (C) by (D) for 2. (A) By (B) Until (C) Before (D) Since 3. (A) them (B) those (C) that (D) one 4. (A) nature (B) rights (C) connection (D) interest 5. (A) Whichever (B) However (C) Wherever (D) Whatever

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 74 頁

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

*為大考出現過的字彙

familiar [f4`m6lj0] adj.

熟悉的(be familiar with N. 指

* 4.

I am not familiar with the band you are talking about. * 2.

mental [`m5nty] adj.

心理上的;精神上的;智力的

Ken likes to do puzzles because they are a good form of mental exercise. * 3.

benefit [`b5n4~f6t] n.

好處、益處

There are many benefits to walking 30 minutes every day.

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trend [tr5nd] n.

趨勢、潮流

Shows about lawyers are the newest trend on television.

「對……很熟悉」)

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

*u

companionship [k4m`p1nj4n~]6p] n. 陪伴;伴侶關係

*u

website [`w5b%sa6t] n. 網站

*u

physical [`f6z6k4l] adj. 身體的

*u

immense [6`m5ns] adj. 廣大的;巨大的


克漏字答案及說明 1. 正確答案選 (B) with 說明 [ 本 題 測 驗 搭 配 動 詞 的 介 系 詞 。 空 格 前 的 動 詞 為 provide [pr4`va6d](提供),欲表示「提供某人某 事物」時,用法如下:

句的 physical and mental benefits,非指人, 正確答案為 (B) those。those + who + V. 表示 「那些……的人」。

• We cannot allow those who are under 150 cm onto this ride. 我們不允許一百五十公分以下的人乘坐這個遊樂 設施。

provide sb + with + sth

provide sth + for/to + sb 本句 provide 後面的 them 指前面提到的 people,故正確答案為 (B) with。

• The tour guide provided us with interesting facts about the painting. 導遊提供我們這幅畫的有趣事實。

• Pam’s organization provides food and clothing for the homeless. 潘服務的機構為遊民提供食物和衣服。

2. 正確答案選 (D) Since

4. 正確答案選 (C) connection 說明 [ 本 題 測 驗 字 義 。 本 句 意 思 為 「 有 些 人 則 喜 歡 人

______——這些人很孤獨,只是需要有人可以交 (C) connection(關係; 聯繫),human connection 表示「人際之間的

,最適合的答案為 談。」 聯繫、關係」。

[ 其他選項搭配 human 分別表示 (A) human nature 指「人性」、(B) human rights 指「人 權」、(D) human interest 指「(新聞報導當中 的)人情味」,皆與句意不符。

說明 [ 本句測驗介系詞。根據句意︰「 ______ 那時,他 的公司 The People Walker 已經成長到聘雇其 他三十多名『散步夥伴』。」此外,從本句用 has grown 推知,正確答案應選 (D) Since(自從…… 以來)。since 作此義時,常搭配完成式,可作介 系詞,後面接名詞;或作連接詞,之後接子句。

• Sean has worked at this company since 2008. 尚恩自二○○八年起就在這間公司工作了。

• Amy’s English has improved since she moved to America. 自從愛咪搬到美國以後,她的英文就進步了。

、 [ 其他選項 (A) By 指「在……之前、不晚於……」 (B) Until 表示「直到……時」、(C) Before 則指 「在……以前」 ,皆與句意不符。

3. 正確答案選 (B) those 說明 [ 本題測驗代名詞。從句子結構判斷,who 引導的 子句為形容詞子句,用來修飾先行詞,故空格要選 可作先行詞且表示人的字詞,選項 (C) that 可先 刪除。形容詞子句動詞 want 為複數形,選項 (D) one 可再刪除。至於選項 (A) them 在語意上指前

5. 正確答案選 (D) Whatever 說明 [ 本 題 測 驗 連 接 詞 。 四 個 選 項 皆 為 疑 問 詞 加 上 ever,表示「無論……;不管……」,根據句意︰ 「 ______ 原因,遛人服務已經大獲成功,其他城 市的人也想把這種潮流帶到他們的街道上。」 ,故正 ,相當 確答案為 (D) whatever,表示「不管什麼」 於 no matter what,在此引導副詞子句。

• Whatever you believe, please respect the opinions of others. 不管你相信什麼,請尊重別人的意見。

[ (A) Whichever 表示「不管是哪一個」,後面 直 接 接 名 詞 , 不 加 定 冠 詞 th e , 故 用 法 不 合 ; (B) However 表示「不管、無論如何」和 (C) Wherever 表示「無論哪裡」,意思皆不合。

Info Box 標題 hit 在此作動詞,指「抵達、出現在……」,為 口語用法,hit the streets 表示「上街」。 第 2 行 believe it or not 表示「信不信由你」,用 來帶出可能令人吃驚的事實。 第 8 行動詞 include 表示「包含、包括」。

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4 UNIT 5

生活情境對話

Time for Breakfast! 早餐時間到!

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3

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單字朗讀

中式早餐 fried egg with scallion [5g] [w6\] [`sk1lj4n]

fermented bean curd [f0`m5nt4d] [bin] [k-d]

蔥煎蛋

豆腐乳

congee / rice porridge [`k3nd.i] [ra6s] [`p7r6d.] 稀飯

intestine vermicelli [6n`t5st4n] [~v0m4`t]5li] 大腸麵線

fried leek dumpling [fra6d] [lik] [`d9mpl6;] 韭菜盒

pork floss [p7rk] [fl7s]

肉鬆

dried radish [dra6d] [`r1d6] ]

蘿蔔乾

clay oven roll / sesame flatbread [kle] [`9v4n] / [`s5s4mi] [`fl1t~br5d] 燒餅

soy milk [s76] [m6lk] 豆漿(salty soy milk 指「鹹豆漿」)

(亦可音譯稱作 shao

rice peanut milk [`pi~n9t] 米漿

rice roll [rol] 飯糰(亦可音譯稱作 fan tuan )

fried bread stick [br5d] [st6k] 油條(亦可音譯稱作 you tiao )

egg pancake roll [`p1n~kek] radish cake [kek]

bing )

braised pork rice [brezd] 滷肉飯

蛋餅(亦可音譯 稱作 dan bing )

(亦可音譯稱作 lurou

fan )

蘿蔔糕

pork belly bun [`b5li] [b9n] 刈包 (亦可音譯稱作 gua

steamed stuffed bun [stimd] [st9fd] 包子

bao )

pan fried dumpling [p1n] 煎餃 / steamed bun 20

饅頭

pot sticker [p3t] [`st6k0]

鍋貼


ll E

Fu

sandwich [`s1nd~w6t] ]

e

三明治

coffee [`k7fi]

可頌麵包

croissant [kr7`s3nt]

英 餐

漢堡

B r e a kf a s t ( 全

hamburger [`h1m%b-g0]

g

h lis

n

西式早餐

咖啡

q

r

w y t

q  toast [tost] 吐司;烤麵包 w  baked beans [bekt] 焗豆 e mushrooms [`m9]~rumz] 蘑菇 r tomatoes [t4`metoz] 番茄 t bacon [`bek4n] 培根

corn flake jam [k7rn] [flek] 玉米片 [d.1m]

pancakes 美式鬆餅

果醬

honey waffle [`h9ni] 蜂蜜 [`w3f4l]

bagels [`beg4lz]

貝果

西式早餐 中的各種 蛋料理

y sausages [`s7s6d.z] 香腸 格子鬆餅

breakfast burrito [`br5kf4st] [b4`rito] 早餐玉米煎餅

hash browns [h1] ] [bra8nz] 薯餅

over easy egg [`ov0] [`izi]

sunny-side up egg [~s9ni~sa6d`9p]

雙面嫩煎蛋黃微熟的 荷包蛋(雙面半生、蛋黃

太陽蛋(只煎單面的荷包蛋)

仍呈液態的荷包蛋)

poached egg [pot]t] 水波蛋 (半熟水煮嫩蛋)

omelet [`3ml4t] 歐姆蛋

scrambled eggs [`skr1mb4ld] 炒蛋

eggs Benedict [`b5n4~d6kt] 班尼迪克蛋

boiled egg [b76ld] 水煮蛋 21


UNIT 10

健康迷思

A Refreshing Look at Sparkling Water u

—Britton Mercadante

氣泡水—令人耳目一新的飲品

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34 / 慢速 MP3 71 35 / 課程講解》MP3 95

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 單字朗讀》CD/MP3 課文朗讀

慢速課文朗讀

單字朗讀

Sparkling water has become a popular drink around the world, as many have

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turned to it as a healthy replacement1 for

If you’re gassy and bloated because of

soda. Not everyone is convinced about

indigestion, then sparkling water may ease

its benefits, though. These people make

your suffering.4 Drinking one glass helps

several claims2 that the drink is harmful to

release the gas that is trapped5 in your

u

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the body. What should you believe? Can sparkling water help you lose weight? 10

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stomach. Just remember not to drink too much too quickly, or you will make your indigestion worse! * 中文翻譯請參閱第 77 頁

Sparkling water can make for a tastier alternative to regular water for those who want to lose weight. Drinking a small amount will make you feel full, which will then prevent you from eating too much.

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Can sparkling water help with indigestion?

消化不良小辭典 h

indigestion [~6nda6`d.5st]4n] n. 消化不良(字首 in- 表示「不、否定」的意思)

h

gassy [`g1si] adj. 充滿氣體的

h

bloated [`blot4d] adj. 肚子脹的;腫脹的

However, be careful about which kind of sparkling water you drink. Some types are unhealthy because they have extra sugar to increase their flavor.3

sparkling water [`sp3rk4l6;](氣泡水) 是在水中加入二氧化碳而成,跟可樂、雪碧等 汽水( soda )類似,又稱為 soda water 。 因二氧化碳加入水中會形成碳酸,因此這類 飲品又稱「碳酸飲料」 ( carbonated drinks [`k3rb4~net4d],p. 46 第 6 行)。 圖片 / Abramova Elena / Shutterstock.com

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關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. Sparkling water has . . . 句子解析 Sparkling water has become a popular drink around the world, as many have turned to it as a healthy replacement for soda.

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

* 2.

許多人開始借助宗教來解決人生的問題。

claim [klem] n.

聲稱、宣稱;斷言

No one believed the man’s claim that he had seen a ghost. * 3.

flavor [`flev0] n.

味道、風味

The cook added some salt to improve the dish’s flavor.

因為賈許來自墨西哥,他可以說一口流利的西班牙語。

• Many people turn to religion to help with problems in their lives.

取代、替代的人

Kyle’s replacement will start next Wednesday.

意思相同。

b turn to 在此指「開始做或使用……;求助於」。

replacement [r6`plesm4nt] n. 或事物;替代

a 第一個 as 為連接詞,在此指「因為」,與 because • As Josh is from Mexico, he can speak Spanish well.

*為大考出現過的字彙

* 4.

suffering [`s9f4r6;] n.

痛苦、折磨

This medicine should end your suffering. * 5. trap

[tr1p] v.

使存留、保存(能量、氣體或水);

使困住

This blanket traps heat well.

c 第二個 as 為介系詞,在此指「當作、作為」。 • Linda treats everyone she meets as a friend. 琳達把認識的每一個人都當作朋友看待。

u

*u

2. Sparkling water can . . . 句子解析 Sparkling water can make for a tastier alternative to regular water for those who want to lose weight.

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

refreshing [r6`fr5]6;] adj. 令人耳目一新的;提神的; 清涼的

*u

convince [k4n`v6ns] v. 使相信;說服(文中以過去分詞 作形容詞,convinced 指「確信、信服的」)

a alternative [7l`t-n4t6v] 在此作名詞,指「可供選擇 的事物、方法」,常用 alternative to N. 表示「 …… 的代用品、另一種選擇」。

• The waiter said I should try fried sweet potatoes as an alternative to French fries. 服務生說我應該嘗試炸蕃薯作為薯條的另一種選擇。

b those who + V. . . . 指「凡是……的人」,關係子句 的動詞要用複數。

• This is a menu for those who don’t eat meat. 這是給不吃肉的人的菜單。

• Those who want to ask a question should raise their hand. 想問問題的人應該舉手。

Give It a Try

請依句意填入正確英文。

q 每當奈德覺得很難過的時候,他總是會吃冰淇淋。 Ned always whenever he feels very sad. w 這湯沒有味道;我真希望我是點別的東西。 This soup has no ordered something else.

Info Box 第 4 行 Not everyone . . .(並非每個人都……)為部 分否定,即一部分人有,一部分人沒有。 第 6 行 be harmful to 表示「對……有害」。

ice cream

; I wish I had

e 我原本不相信那男孩宣稱的事是真的,直到我自己親眼 看到那隻怪物。

I didn’t think the boy’s until I saw the monster myself.

was true * 答案請參閱第 77 頁

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