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UNIT 2

文化大觀園

A Bouquet of Wedding

u

Traditions 各國的婚禮習俗 —Helen Yeh

significant reason dates back to ancient Rome, when people associated June

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with Juno, the goddess of marriage and

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childbirth.u In addition, as most people back

單字朗讀

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Weddings are times of great

that women would be at an early-enough

celebration1 which often involve2 age-old

stage in their expected pregnancies4 to

traditions. Some of these traditions are so

help harvest summer crops.

common that we rarely think about why 05

they are followed. Still, the stories behind them are quite interesting and merit a 3

Ancient Rome also gave us 20

bridesmaids.u In ancient Roman times, the bride and her bridesmaids wore

closer look.

10

then were farmers, marrying in June meant

identical dresses in an attempt to fool

Traditionally, June is the most popular

evil 5 spirits that wanted to harm the

month for weddings, and it’s not just

bride. Today, bridesmaids’ dresses

because of the fine weather. A more

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brides, however, tend to wear white. This

Info Box

practice started with Queen Victoria. The

第 11 行 date back to 表示「追溯至……; 起源 於……」。 第 12 行 associate A with B 表示「把 A 和 B 聯想 在一起」。 第 22 行 in an attempt to + V. 表示「企圖要 做……;嘗試要……」。 第 27 行 practice 在此指「慣常作法、習俗」。 第 28 行 then 在此表示「當時」,then-unusual 為 複合形容詞,指「在當時並不尋常的」。

come in a variety of colors. Western

British queen chose the then-unusual color to make a bold political statement, 30

as she was the first ruling queen of her house. Afterward, noble ladies across Europe followed her lead and took to wearing white wedding dresses, setting a new standard for wedding fashion. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 63 頁

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關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. In addition, as most . . . 句子解析

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

* 2.

a 副詞片語 in addition 表示「此外」,通常放在句首。

* 3.

我今晚得寫一份報告。此外,我得唸書準備明天的考試。

b as 在此作連接詞,指「因為、由於」。 • We should leave at five in the morning, as there will be little traffic at that time.

• Reading is my favorite hobby. 閱讀是我最喜歡的嗜好。

Afterward, noble ladies across Europe followed her lead and took to wearing white wedding dresses, setting a new standard for wedding fashion. a follow sb’ s lead 表示「以某人為榜樣;照某人示 範」,lead 在此作名詞,指「榜樣、示範」。 • Don’t worry if it’s your first time dancing—just follow my lead!

involve [6n`v3lv] v.

包括、包含;涉及

merit [`m5r4t] v.

值得;應受到

A great question merits a careful response. 4.

pregnancy [`pr5gn4nsi] n.

懷孕

She couldn’t get on the ride due to her pregnancy. * 5. evil

[`iv4l] adj.

邪惡的、惡毒的;有害的

In this story, an evil spirit frightens people camping in the woods.

u u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

bouquet [bu`ke] n. 一束(花);花束、捧花(標題用 a bouquet of traditions 來指「很多束在一起的傳統」)

u

2. Afterward, noble ladies . . . 句子解析

慶祝;慶祝活動、慶典

This assignment involves only reading and no writing.

我們應該要在早上五點出門,因為那個時候車流會比較少。

c marrying in June 為動名詞作主詞,視為單數。

celebration [~s5l4`bre]4n] n.

The holiday is a celebration of the nation’s independence.

In addition, as most people back then were farmers, marrying in June meant that women would be at an early-enough stage in their expected pregnancies to help harvest summer crops. • I have to write a paper tonight. In addition, I have to study for tomorrow’s test.

*為大考出現過的字彙

u

childbirth [`t]a6ld~b-q] n. 分娩、生產 bridesmaid [`bra6dz~med] n. 伴娘 補 bride [bra6d] n. 新娘(第 21 行)

地名相關字彙小辭典 h

Rome [rom] n. 羅馬

h

British [ `br6t6] ] adj. 英國(人)的

h

Europe [ `j8r4p] n. 歐洲

如果這是你第一次跳舞,別擔心——只要照著我做!

b take to + N./V-ing 表示「開始從事…… 、喜 歡……」。

• Gary took to playing basketball every day after school. 蓋瑞開始每天放學後打籃球。

c set a/the standard for sth 指「為……訂定、確立 標準」。setting a new standard . . . 由非限定用 法的形容詞子句 , which set a new standard . . . 簡化而來。

• This newspaper set the standard for the quality of international news. 這份報紙為國際新聞的品質訂定了標準。

Give It a Try

請依句意填入正確英文。

q 這份工作我們會付你薪水。此外,我們會提供午餐和晚餐。 We’ll pay you for the job. , we’ll provide lunch and dinner. w 他不是一個好人;事實上,他根本就很邪惡。 He is not a good man; in fact, he’s practically . e 這是一個包含許多步驟的漫長過程。 This is a long process that steps.

many * 答案請參閱第 63 頁

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UNIT 8

生活教育

r a Broke o f e r a C nH o 破 顧 碎 t 照 的 心 ea 如何 w rt o H —M. M. Leonard

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There’s nothing quite like the feeling

05

matter if you’re a teen or a senior citizen,

of being in love. Relationships—whether

your feelings are validu—heartbreak is a

lighthearted u and fun or serious and

serious matter that involves strong feelings

romantic1—can affect you in a big way,

of shock and grief. 4 It’s normal 5 to go

and your earliest dating experiences are

through several stages of emotions, typically

certainly no exception.2 But chances are

10

20

25

starting with denial, followed by anger, then

that your first relationship won’t be your

bargaining, then depression, and finally,

last, and breaking up, as they say, is hard

calm acceptance. It can be a long, hard

to do. If you’re going through a breakup,

process, and there are some things you can

it might feel like the end of the world right

do—and others you shouldn’t—to make

now, but have no fear! You will survive,3

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things easier on yourself.

and you’ll even grow stronger from the experience. So what do you do if your boyfriend 15

or girlfriend breaks up with you while you’re still in love with them, leaving you heartbroken? u Some might say that in teenage life this happens all the time, and that it’s just a part of growing up. But no

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* 中文翻譯請參閱第 66 頁

Info Box 第 4 行 in a big way 指「徹底地;大規模地」。 第 8 行 breaking up 是 break up 的動名詞,表示 「分手」,若要表示「與……分手」,後面可接 with sb(如第 15 行);第 9 行 breakup 則作名詞。 第 9 行 go through 在此指「遭遇、經歷(某事)」, 後面常接不愉快的事件或體驗。 第 20 行 senior citizen 指「年長者;老年人」。 第 29 行 make things easier on yourself 在此表 示「讓自己輕鬆一點、好過一些」。


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. There’s nothing like + N./V-ing . . .

字彙 Vocabulary 1.

• There’s nothing like relaxing outside on a cool spring day.

* 2.

這個義大利麵簡直太棒了——沒有什麼比得上媽媽做的義 大利麵。

浪漫的

exception [6k`s5p]4n] n.

例外(be no exception 表示

「不例外」)

Everyone else in my family loves sports; I’m the one exception. * 3. survive

[s0`va6v] v. 挺過、艱難度過;存活 We have survived our share of difficult times.

在涼爽的春天沒有什麼比在外面放鬆來得更棒的了。

• This spaghetti is just excellent—nothing is quite like Mom’s pasta.

romantic [ro`m1nt6k] adj.

He bought her flowers? How romantic!

沒有什麼比得上……

There ’ s nothing like N./V-ing 用來強調某人事 物是最棒的,沒有其他人事物可以比得上,文中加入 quite 意指「非常、很」,用來強調所說的事。此句型 還可寫成 Nothing is like N./V-ing . . .。

*為大考出現過的字彙

* 4. grief

[grif] n.

悲傷;哀痛

When her pet fish died, Mona could hardly contain her grief. * 5. normal

[`n7rm4l] adj.

正常、平常的;普通的

Today was just a normal day.

2. chances are that + S. + V. 有可能…… chances 在此指「可能性」,在此句型中恆用複數, 類似的說法有 it is likely that . . .。 • It’s late; chances are that the store is already closed. 時間晚了;這間店可能已經關門了。

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

lighthearted [`la6t~h3rt4d] adj. 隨意、為了好玩的; 輕鬆自在的、無憂無慮的

*u

heartbroken [`h3rt~brok4n] adj. 極度傷心的、心碎的

*u

valid [`v1l4d] adj. 合理的;有根據的

• If you’re lost, it is likely that you wrote down the wrong directions. 如果你迷路的話,有可能你寫下的路徑指示是錯的。

3. no matter if/whether S. + V.

文中提到的幾種情緒反應即瑞士心理學家庫伯勒—羅斯 (Elisabeth Kübler-Ross)在一九六九年提出的「哀傷五階 段」 (The Five Stages of Grief),描述人在面對災難或情感打 擊時常有的反應。

不論是否……

no matter if . . . 在此表示「不論、不管是否」,與 no matter whether . . . 意思相同,而 no matter if/ whether . . . or . . . 則是指「不論是……或是……」。 • No matter whether others agree with you, you have a right to an opinion. 不管其他人是否同意你,你都有權發表意見。

副詞子句,如 p. 38 第 10 行的 no matter how bad you feel 指「不管你感覺有多糟」。

Give It a Try

接受

拒絕;否認

anger [`1;g0] 憤怒

1 no matter 之後也可接其他 wh- 疑問詞來引導表讓步的

acceptance [6k`s5pt4ns]

denial [d6`na64l]

圖片 / Wikipedia

bargaining [`b3rg4n6;]

depression [d6`pr5]4n] 憂鬱、沮喪消 沉;憂鬱症

討價還價

請依句意填入正確英文。

q 他可能還在辦公室裡,但有可能已經離開了。

w 我們幾乎每天都在這裡買咖啡——只有週日例外。

He might still be in the office, but that he already left.

We get coffee here just about every day—the only is Sunday. * 答案請參閱第 66 頁

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UNIT 12

旅遊好去處

The Seaside Wonder of Stockholm u

Sweden

Finland

Norway

—M. M. Leonard

Stockholm

北歐的威尼斯—斯德哥爾摩 Baltic Sea

▲ 瑞典(Sweden [`swidx])首都斯德哥爾摩(Stockholm [ `st3k~holm])的舊城區(Gamla Stan [ `g3ml4] [st3n])

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and districts4 that make up the city. The

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summer months are an especially good

單字朗讀

time for this, with their mild5 weather and cool, refreshing sea breezes.

Stockholm, Sweden, is known for traditions both old and new. The eighthundred-year-old city is famous for its

20

to visit is Gamla Stan, Stockholm’s old

wonderful arts and culture, excellent 05

town center. Gamla Stan’s narrow stone-

waterfrontu views, and high quality of life.

paved alleys 6 hide numerous shops

To be sure, Stockholm has many unique elements that set it apart from other world capitals.1

10

52

and cafés. Make your way through the 25

alleys, and you will reach a large square surrounded by brightly painted merchant

Perhaps Stockholm’s most singular2

buildings. Head further north to find the

feature is that the city is spread across

six-hundred-room Royal Palace, which is

14 islands at the edge of the Baltic Sea.

still home to the Swedishu king. Guided

For the traveler, this means that the best

15

One district you will certainly want

30

tours of the palace are available, so if

way to begin a visit to the city is to take

you want a taste of the royal Swedish

a boat trip along the canalsu to become

life, look no further.

acquainted 3 with the various islands

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 69 頁


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. to be sure

可以肯定的是

副詞片語 to be sure 指「可以肯定的是、不可否認 地;無疑地」,相當於 certainly。

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

2. . . . the best way to . . . 句子解析

* 2.

* 3. acquaint

a 文中第一個不定詞片語 to begin . . . 修飾主詞 the best way,表示「開始……的最好方式」,而第二個 不定詞片語 to take . . . 則為主詞補語。 • One way to get across town is to catch the bus that leaves every 10 minutes from this stop. 穿越城鎮的一個方法就是從這一站搭乘每十分鐘一班的 公車。

b 第三個不定詞片語 to become . . . 表目的,即「為 了……」,to 在此相當於 in order to。 • We left very early to make sure that we got there on time.

獨特的;顯著的;奇特的

[4`kwent] v.

使了解、使熟悉

It didn’t take long to become acquainted with my new surroundings. * 4.

district [`d6str6kt] n.

地區、區域

I work in the big commercial district in the middle of the city.

. . . [the best way] to begin a visit to the city S.C. 主詞補語

singular [`s6;gj4l0] adj.

He is a singular musician whose work is beyond compare.

S. 主詞

is [to take a boat trip along the canals] to become acquainted with the various islands and districts that make up the city.

首都、首府;(工商業活動)中心

Taipei is the capital of Taiwan.

• Frank is the right man for the job. To be sure, you can rely on him. 法蘭克是這份工作最適合的人選。可以肯定的是,你可以 信賴他。

capital [ `k1p4ty] n.

*為大考出現過的字彙

* 5.

mild [ma6ld] adj.

暖和的、和煦的;溫和的

It’s not too hot outside, and it’s not too cold—it’s perfectly mild. 6. alley [`1li] n. 小巷、巷道

The entrance to the apartment building is right down that alley.

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

seaside [`si~sa6d] n. 海邊

u

waterfront [`w3t0~fr9nt] n. (城鎮的)海濱區、濱水區

u

canal [k4`n1l] n. 運河;水道

u

Swedish [`swid6] ] adj. 瑞典的

n. 瑞典人;瑞典語

為了確保我們準時抵達那裡,我們很早就出門了。

c make up sth 在此表示「組成、構成」。 • Nine freshmen and two sophomores make up the team. 九名新生和兩名二年級的學生組成這支隊伍。

Info Box 第 1 行 be known for sth 指「以……聞名」,與第 3 行的 be famous for 意思相近。 第 11 行 Baltic Sea [ `b7lt6k] 指「波羅的海」。 第 18 行 their 在此指前面的 summer months’(夏季 月份的)。 第 22 行複合形容詞 stone-paved 指「鋪石子的」。 第 32 行 look no further 字面上指「不必再尋找、無 須再觀望」;也就是「眼前的某人事物即是最佳選擇」。

Give It a Try

請圈選出與本課所學相關的字詞。

c

a

p

i

t

a

l

s

r

g

l

d

q

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y

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* 答案請參閱第 69 頁

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