Page 1


UNIT 2

生活常識

Oxygen

Time Temperature

Acidity

Food

FAT TOM and Fridge Safety 如何保存食物才正確 —James Baron

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7 / 慢速 MP3 54 8 76

單字朗讀》CD/MP3

/ 課程講解》MP3

課文朗讀

expression warns you to watch what

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temperature, a critical5 factor in the spread of dangerous bacteria. The 25

range of 4°C–60°C is the danger

When it comes to food safety,

zone for food safety; keep food

remember FAT TOM. The “F” stands

above or below this range for as

for “food”. This refers to the food

long as possible so bacteria can’t

that bacteria need to thrive, u most

multiply. The last two letters are “O”

notably u high-protein 1 items like

30

and “M,” which stand for “oxygen”

meat, fish, eggs, and milk. The “A” is

and “moisture.” Both of these things

for “acidity.” Foods with high acid 2

promote the growth of bacteria. This

levels don’t spoil easily and rarely

is why canning—which removes air—

require refrigeration. u This is why

and drying are both effective ways of

vinegar3 can help preserve4 certain foods. Next is “T,” meaning “time.” 14

left out at room temperature for more

The second “T” stands for

poses a risk, and some foods that seem OK might not be safe to eat.

15

單字朗讀

than two hours.

not always easy to know when food

How can you tell?

慢速課文朗讀

High-protein items should never be

you put into your body. However, it’s

10

保存食物 時可以謹記 FAT TOM 原則,也就是細 菌繁殖的六個因素。為了 大家的健康,我們快來看 看該如何正確使用冰箱 來保存食物!

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3

“You are what you eat.” This

05

Moisture

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preserving food. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 63 頁


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. stand for 的不同意思

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

protein [`pro~tin] n.

* 2.

我們主張所有人都有權利。

c 指「容忍」,常用在否定中。 • You’re always breaking the rules, and I won’t stand for it any longer! 你總是違反規定,我不會再容忍了!

* 3.

S. is why/where/how + S. + V. (那就是……的原因 / 地點 / 方式)

vinegar [`v6n6g0] n.

Mix the vinegar with the soy sauce. * 4.

preserve [ pr6`z-v] v.

保存;維護

We can preserve meat by drying it. * 5. critical

[`kr6t6k4l] adj. 關鍵的;重要的 It is critical that you arrive no later than eight o’clock.

2. wh- 子句作主詞補語 wh- 疑問詞所引導的名詞子句可作主詞補語,用法 如下:

acid [`1s4d] n. 酸;酸性物質 補 acidity [4`s6d4ti] n. 酸性、酸度(第 14 行) Your stomach contains acid that helps it break down food.

b 指「支持;主張」。 • We stand for the rights of all people.

蛋白質

Beef is an excellent source of protein.

a 在文中指「代表;(某字母)是……的縮寫」。 • ASAP stands for “as soon as possible.” ASAP 是 as soon as possible(愈快愈好)的縮寫。

*為大考出現過的字彙

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

*u

thrive [qra6v] v. 茁壯生長

*u

notably [`not4bli] adv. 尤其、特別地

u

refrigeration [r6~fr6d.4`re]4n] n. 冷藏 補

• This is where I met my friend Pam.

refrigerate [r6`fr6d.4~ret] v. 冷藏(p. 16 第 2 行過去分 詞作形容詞用,指「變冷的、冷藏的」)

這就是我遇見我朋友潘的地方。

• I broke my foot last week; this is why I didn’t participate in the race. 上週我摔斷了腳,這就是我沒有參加賽跑的原因。

• Her sister picked her up—this is how she got to the airport. 她姊姊有接她——這是她能到機場的方法。

1 第 16 行 This is why vinegar can help . . . 及第 32 行 This is why canning—which removes air— and drying are . . . 皆使用此句型。

Give It a Try

請依句意填入正確英文。

Info Box

q 這封電子郵件包含你一定要閱讀的重要資訊。

第 5 行 pose a risk 在此指「造成危害」。

The email contains that you must read.

第 8 行 when it comes to sth/sb 指「提及……; 每當說到」。

w 我支持這項社會理念。

第 10 行 refer to 意思是「指的是、關於」。 第 20 行 leave out 在此指「放在、遺留在」 ,文中為 被動用法。 第 29 行 multiply [`m9lt4~pla6] 在此作動詞,指「繁 殖、滋生」。

I

information

this social cause.

e 這間房子對我來說很特別——這是我長大的地方。 This house is very special to me—this I grew up. * 答案請參閱第 63 頁

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UNIT 7

語言由來

down the rabbit hole 指愛麗絲看到白兔後追上去,然後不加思索地跟著跳進兔子洞,展開一連串令人訝異 的探險,因此這個用語後來引申指「某種令人困惑、毫無邏輯,且難以逃離的情況」。

Down the Rabbit Hole of English Inspired , by Alice s Adventures in Wonderland 來自《愛麗絲夢遊仙境》的經典用語 —Anastasia Avvakumova

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26 / 慢速 MP3 63 27 / 課程講解》MP3 84

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 單字朗讀》CD/MP3 課文朗讀

慢速課文朗讀

單字朗讀

In 1865, a Britishu author named Lewis Carroll published1 a children’s book that would soon become a favorite of readers of all ages. In the story, an ordinary girl named 05

Alice discovers a most extraordinaryu world

In the story, Alice spots the White

filled with unusual sights and even more

Rabbit, who is dressed like a human and in

unusual inhabitants.u The book, Alice’s

a big hurry. She follows the rabbit and falls

Adventures in Wonderland, is responsible 10

15

down a long tunnel, which leads her to a

for the spread of several common English

magical2 world called Wonderland. For this

phrases. Here are the best-known

reason, people talk about going “down the

examples.

rabbit hole” when they begin a particularly strange or complicated3 process. “Chasing

Info Box

20

to pursue4 the impossible.

標題中的 Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland 為 書 名 , 中 文 常 譯 作 《 愛 麗 絲 夢 遊 仙 境 》, 其 中 Wonderland 則指「(童話中的)仙境」,也可用來指 非常奇妙、美麗的地方。

At the bottom of the rabbit hole, Alice finds herself growing to enormous5 size

第 3 行 N. of all ages 指「各年齡層的……」,前面 通常接與人有關的名詞如 people、children。 第 8 行 be responsible for sth 表示「是……的原 因;造成、導致……」。

after eating a magical piece of cake. As 25

she grows, she cries, “Curiouser and curiouser!”—a phrase used today to

第 12 行 spot 在此作動詞,指「看見、發現」。

express surprise as a strange situation

第 13 行 in a hurry 指「匆忙地」,中間加上形容詞 big 用來強調「極度匆忙地」。

becomes stranger still.

第 28 行 still 在此作副詞,常與比較級連用指「更、 還要」。

34

a white rabbit,” on the other hand, means

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 66 頁


關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary

1. “Chasing a white rabbit,” on the other hand . . . 句子解析

* 1.

“Chasing a white rabbit,"on the other hand,

* 2.

丹不喜歡豆腐。另一方面,他哥哥則天天吃。

b the impossible 表示「不可能的事」;「 the + Adj.」可作名詞片語,表示「某類的人事物」。

* 3.

* 4.

complicated [`k3mpl4~ket4d] adj.

複雜的

pursue [ p0`su] v.

追求、尋求;追趕

Jill is pursuing work in the airline industry. * 5.

enormous [6`n7rm4s]

adj. 巨大的、龐大的

An enormous whale swam in the water.

我們的旅程開始了,我們踏上了未知的世界。

find 在此表示「發現、發覺」,受詞補語用來說明受 詞,常見形式如下:

神奇的、魔幻的;有魔力的

This problem is quite complicated—there is no clear solution.

• Our journey began, and we went off into the unknown.

2. find + O. + O.C. 的句型

magical [`m1d.6k4l] adj.

It is said that these stones are magical and will bring luck to whoever touches them.

a on the other hand 為副詞片語,表示「另一方

• Dan doesn’t like tofu. His brother, on the other hand, eats it every day.

出版、發行

The magazine was first published in 1942.

means to pursue the impossible. 面」,可放在句首或句中,用來表示與前面敘述不同或 對比的情況。

publish [`p9bl6] ] v.

*為大考出現過的字彙

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

*u

British [`br6t6] ] adj. 英國的、英國人的

*u

extraordinary [6k`str7rd4~n5ri] adj. 奇特的、非比 尋常的(字首 extra- 表示「超越、超出」) 反

u

ordinary [`7rd4~n5ri] adj. 普通的、平凡的(第 4 行)

inhabitant [6n`h1b4t4nt] n.

居民

V-ing (主動或正在進行的動作) find + O. +

p.p. (被動或已經完成的動作) Adj.

• She found herself getting tired of the sights. 她發覺自己開始厭倦這些景色了。

• They found the room filled with boxes. 他們發現這間房間裡到處都是箱子。

• We found the game fun. 我們發覺這個遊戲很好玩。

Oh dear! I shall be too late!

Give It a Try

請圈選出與本課所學相關的字詞。

g

e

o

i

n

n

c

p

m

b

i

m

n

u

p

l

i

s

m

l

o

o

c

o

m

p

l

i

c

a

t

e

d

i

r

o

u

p

u

g

g

t

l

o

u

m

n

p

u

i

u

i

o

c

d

s

o

l

s

p

t

d

c

n

o

o

p

u

b

l

i

s

h

a

i

u

a

o

s

a

c

w

t

e

l

r

i

n

p

u

r

s

u

e

i

a

u

o

n

* 答案請參閱第 66 頁

35


UNIT 13

創新科技

Living Smarter with

Smart Tattoos

u

智能刺青聰明過生活 —M. M. Leonard

圖片 / MIT Media Lab

▲ 未來智能刺青的顏色有助於了解健康狀況,一目了然。

27

44 / 慢速 MP3 72 45 / 課程講解》MP3 93

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 單字朗讀》CD/MP3

課文朗讀

At this point, the tattoos are still in the

certainly aren’t for everybody. But what

experimental5 stage and have only been 20

healthy or allow them to share data?

who need to closely monitor their health.

Researchers at Harvard and MIT

For example, people with diabetes u wouldn’t need to stick their finger to test

special liquid biosensors that change color to help you keep track of your health. So far, three types have been produced. One changes color from blue to

tried out on pig skin. However, they could one day become very useful for those

have replaced traditional tattoo inks with

10

單字朗讀

Tattoos, while a passion1 for some, if a tattoo could aid in keeping people

05

慢速課文朗讀

25

their blood sugar level; the color of their smart tattoo would be enough to tell whether the level was healthy.

brown to monitor2 the level of your blood

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 69 頁

sugar. Another varies between purple and pink depending on your body’s pH levels.

15

The third sensor glows3 brightly under UV

Info Box

light to track pH or to determine4 whether you’ve been exercising too hard and your

第 5 行 MIT 為 Massachusetts Institute of Technology [~m1s4`t]us4ts] [`6nst4~tut] 的首字縮 寫,指「麻省理工學院」。

body needs salt.

第 8 行 keep track of sth 指「掌握……的狀況」。 第 11 行 blood sugar 指「血糖」。

Word Focus

字首

bio生物的

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bio-

sensor [`s5ns0] 感應器 (第14行)

字首 bio- 表示「生物的、生化 的、生命的」,常與名詞(如文 中用法)或形容詞結合。

biosensor [`ba6o~s5ns0]

第 13 行獨立分詞片語 depending on sth 表示「取 決於……」;受詞中的 pH 表示「酸鹼值」。 第 14 行 UV 為 ultraviolet [~9ltr4`va6l4t] 的縮寫,指 「紫外線」。

生物感測器(第 7 行)

,在此為被動用法。 第 20 行 try out sth 指「試用……」


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. Tattoos, while a passion . . . 句子解析 Tattoos, while a passion for some, certainly aren’t for everybody.

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

無尾熊雖然有時稱作無尾「熊」,但其實並不是熊。

b sth be for sb 在此表示「某事物適合某人;某人喜

* 2.

棒球不適合我;我比較喜歡足球。

monitor [`m3n4t0] v.

監測、監控

n. 顯示器;監測

儀器

These machines are used to monitor brain activity. 3.

glow [glo] v.

發(微弱的)光

That toy glows in the dark. * 4.

determine [d6`t-m4n] v.

判定、查明;決定

It was hard to determine what she meant—she wasn’t very specific.

歡某事物」。

• Baseball isn’t for me; I prefer soccer.

強烈愛好、熱愛;熱情

My greatest passion is writing.

a 插入語 while a passion . . . 為 while they are a passion . . . 的簡化,用來修飾主詞 Tattoos。 • Koalas, while sometimes called “koala bears,” are not actually bears.

passion [`p1]4n] n.

*為大考出現過的字彙

5. experimental [6k~sp5r4`m5nty] adj. 實驗性的

This is an experimental treatment, so it hasn’t been tested before.

2. What if . . . ? 的不同意思 a 在文中表示「要是……會如何、會有什麼結果?」,後 面常接假設語氣的子句。

• What if I mixed these chemicals together? Would that be safe?

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

tattoo [t1`tu] n. 刺青;紋身

*u

diabetes [~da64`bitiz] n. 糖尿病

要是我把這些化學物質混在一起會如何?那會安全嗎?

b 還可指「 ……又怎麼樣、有什麼關係呢?」。 • So what if I want to join the circus? It’s my life! 我想加入馬戲團又怎麼樣?這是我的人生!

3. whether S. + V. (or not) 的用法 whether 在此引導名詞子句,表示「是否……」; or not 可以省略 (如文中用法),或移到 whether 後面, 形成 whether or not S. + V.。

圖片 / Xin Liu, Katia Vega

▲ 由於豬皮與人皮構造相似,MIT 研究人員先在豬皮上測試智能刺青的效果。

• I’ll see whether I have time to meet you next week. 我會看下週是否有時間跟你見面。

延伸學習

whether . . . or . . . 用於表示選擇或可能性。 • I can’t tell whether this diamond is real or fake. 我無法分辨這顆鑽石是真的還是假的。

Give It a Try

請依句意填入正確英文。

q 我們正在努力查明這起意外的肇因。 We’re working to accident.

the cause of the

w 街上的招牌閃耀發光。 The signs

brightly on the street.

e 這項嘗試是否成功尚待觀察。 It’s yet to be seen was successful.

the attempt * 答案請參閱第 69 頁

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