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UNIT 3

生活情境對話

Clothing 各式衣服

e

q 課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3

w

6

u i o

a

g

;

j

l h

18

k

2)


q a sweater [`sw5t0] / a pullover [`p8l%ov0] 毛衣 w a jacket [`d.1k6t] 夾克 e a coat [kot] 大衣;外套 r a  down jacket [da8n] 羽絨外套 t an undershirt [`9nd0%]-t]

y

r

汗衫;貼身內衣(英式英文稱為 vest [v5st])

y a suit [sut] 西裝;套裝 u a skirt [sk-t] 裙子 i p  ajamas [p4`d.3m4z] 睡衣

t

o a blouse [bla8s] 女用襯衫 a a shirt [ ]-t] 襯衫 s a polo shirt [`polo] polo 衫;馬球衫

d

d shorts [ ]7rts] 短褲

f

f jeans [d.inz] 牛仔褲 g p  anties [`p1nt6z] 女用內褲(通常用複數) h p  ants [p1nts] 褲子 (英式英文稱為

s

trousers [`tra8z0z])

j a  bra [br3] 胸罩 (正式名稱為

brassiere [br4`z6r])

k a T-shirt [`ti%]-t] T 恤 l a dress [dr5s] 洋裝 ; b  oxers / boxer shorts [`b3ks0z]

2#

2!

男用四角褲

2) u  nderpants [`9nd0%p1nts] 男用內褲

2@

2! p  anty hose [`p1nt6] [hoz] 女用褲襪 2@ s  ocks [s3ks] 短襪 2# k  nee-high stockings [`ni`ha6] [`st3k6;z] 女用長統襪 常見衣服材質

silk [s6lk] flax [fl1ks]

亞麻

nylon [`na6l3n]

尼龍

cotton [`k3tx]

棉質

wool [w8l] 插畫 / 張家榮

絲質

denim [`d5n4m]

羊毛

牛仔布;單寧布

19


Feastival [`fist4vy] 為此活動自 創字,由 feast [fist](盛宴)及 festival(節慶)組成,彰顯美 食在其中的重要性。

UNIT 6

旅遊生活

Jamie’s Big Feastival 《奧利佛美食節》 —Helen Yeh

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3

14

課程講解》MP3

A

T

68

14 / 慢速 MP3 45

Jamie’s Big Feastival, there’s cooking, music, and

fun under the sun. In this three-part series on TLC,

master of the kitchen Jamie Oliver throws a weekend outdoor festival for a hungry crowd of thousands. Leaving behind electrical 1 equipment, u Jamie shows us how to whip up tasty dishes with the simplest ingredients u and tools. He smokes fish in a metal bucket 2 and cooks beef on hot rocks. He also makes a delicious cake without using an oven. All of these and other demonstrations take place while some of the coolest bands around† perform3 onstage.u Besides good food and music, there’s also plenty of action for kids. Craft tents4 set up on the rolling lawn5 offer face painting, puppet making, and a magic show. To show kids the wonders of growing food, there’s a garden for planting seeds and learning about plants. Jamie’s Big Feastival is a celebrationu of food, music, and DIY.† Watch the show and find out what joy can be found in the simple things in life. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 71 頁

資料、圖片∕ TLC 旅遊生活頻道

32


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. leave behind 的用法

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

走……」,受詞可放在後面或移到兩字中間。 * 2. * 3. 4. * 5.

我的行李太重了,所以我必須把一些東西拿出來捨棄不帶。

2. whip up 的不同意思 whip [hw6p] 作動詞用時原指「鞭打」,片語動詞 whip up 作及物用法時有兩個常見意思: a 指「迅速做出(某事物)」,尤指一頓飯,如文中用法。 • I’ll whip up a quick lunch before the baseball game starts.

perform [p0`f7rm] v.

表演;演出

tent [t5nt] n.

帳篷

lawn [l7n] n.

草地;草坪

Kids usually have picnics and fly kites on this lawn.

伊凡逃離這個國家,拋下了他的家人。

• My bag was too heavy, so I had to take out some things and leave them behind.

水桶;桶子

We ran under the tent when it started to rain.

棄……」的意思。

• Ivan escaped the country, leaving behind his family.

bucket [`b9k6t] n.

Cindy will perform a song for her parents after dinner.

小心別忘了你的眼鏡。

leave behind 在文中則有「故意不要、不用……; 拋

用電的;電動的

Josh caught a fish and put it in a bucket of water.

我想我把我的手機留在派對上了。

• Be careful not to leave behind your glasses.

electrical [6`l5ktr6ky] adj.

The fire was caused by problems in the electrical wiring.

l e a v e b e h i n d 原 意 是 表 示 「 把 …… 留 下 ; 忘 記 帶 • I think I left my phone behind at the party.

*為大考出現過的字彙

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

* u equipment [6`kw6pm4nt] n. 裝備;設備(不可數名詞) * u ingredient [6n`grid64nt] n. 食材;原料 * u onstage [`3n`sted.] adv. 在台上 * u celebration [~s5l4`bre]4n] n. 慶祝活動;慶典

† around 在此作形容詞用,放在名詞後面修飾,指「現存的;活 躍的」,意思相當於 existing 或 active。 † DIY 為 Do It Yourself 的首字縮寫,原意是「自己動手做」,在 此節目中則是鼓勵人們學奧利佛一樣親自下廚料理。

在棒球比賽開始前我會迅速做出一頓午餐。

b 指「激起;煽動(某種情感、激動的情緒等)」。 • News reports about the coming typhoon whipped up public fear. 關於即將來臨的颱風報導引起了大眾的恐懼。

Give It a Try A. tent C. lawn

請選出正確選項。

B. performed

q Jack took the

D. bucket and mop to clean the floor.

w At the garden party, food and drinks were served inside a .

Extra Information 節目中介紹的美食節原名 The Big Feastival ,最初由傑米.奧利佛在二○ 一一年倡議主辦,地點在倫敦( London )西 南的克拉彭( Clapham )地區,強調適合闔家 大小前往(family-friendly),並邀請許多英國 當地樂團演出,門票內含伙食費,並將收入所 得捐給兩個慈善機構。二○一二年起則移師到英 國藝人 Alex James 家鄉,英國中西部柯茲沃 (Cotswolds)地區的農村中舉辦,所得全數捐 給奧利佛基金會。

e Dogs are not allowed to go on the r The clowns laugh.

.

a funny act and made people * 答案請參閱第 71 頁

33


UNIT 12

精選閱讀誌

28

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3

H

OW

78

27 / 慢速 MP3 55

can you tell if someone is lying to you? How

do you make a super paper airplane? How do

you make the most money by selling your things on eBay? These questions may seem unrelated1 to each other, but they and their answers are found in the book Brain Trust. In Brain Trust, writer Garth Sundem collects

室》 驗 實 活

《怪咖

nearly a hundred instances in which science is linked to our lives. Sundem interviewed scientists and experts from various fields. Then, he presents

Yeh —Helen

the information as tips to help readers do things better, from dieting2 to studying to dating. For example, did you know that you can lose weight more easily by eating only within an eight hour period?3 15

Our bodies have an internal4 clock, and eating when the body should be resting can lead to† weight gain. Therefore, stay away from† those midnightu snacks. You might also want to know how to increase5 your lotteryu winnings. By choosing unpopular numbers, you

20

may not have a better chance of winning, but you’ll less often splitu the money with other winners. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 73 –74 頁

54


關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

1. lie 的不同意義

說謊(文中用法)

躺臥;(物品)被放在、位在

三態

lie–lied–lied

lie–lay–lain

用法

可作及物或不及物用

只作不及物動詞,強調狀態

• David lied when he said that he liked Lucy’s new hairstyle.

* 2.

* 3. * 4.

. . . writer Garth Sundem collects nearly a hundred instances in which science is linked to our lives. 延伸學習

which 引導的子句動詞為不及物且後面有介系詞時,可將 介系詞移到 which 前面,此時 which 不可用 that 代換。 先行詞 + which/that (+ S.) + 不及物動詞 + prep. 介系詞可往前移,此時關代只用 which

先行詞 + prep. + which (+ S.) + 不及物動詞

• The chair which/that the cat is sitting on is made of solid wood.

period [`p6r64d] n.

期間;時期

internal [6n`t-ny] adj.

體內的;內部的(internal clock 指「生

理時鐘」,與 body clock 意思相同)

The accident didn’t cause any damage to the patient’s internal organs. * 5.

increase [6n`kris] v.

增加;增長

Food prices have increased over the past few months.

文中此句以 which 引導的子句修飾先行詞 nearly a hundred instances,可拆開理解如下:

兩句中的 instances 意思相同,可用 which 取代第二句的 instances,保留前面介系詞 in,與前句合併形成文中句

節食;按規定飲食(文中 dieting 為動名詞)

Tim will be studying in Japan over a period of two months.

書本和雜誌被放在地上。

In these instances, science is linked to our lives.

diet [`da64t] v.

You need to diet and exercise if you want to become thinner.

• Books and magazines lay on the ground.

. . . writer Garth Sundem collects nearly a hundred instances.

不相關的;無關的(常用 be

According to the police, the two crimes are unrelated to each other.

大衛說他喜歡露西的新髮型時是在說謊。

2. nearly a hundred instances in which . . . 用法說明

unrelated [~9nr6`let6d] adj.

unrelated to N. 指「與某人事物無關」)

lie 作動詞時有兩個常見意思,現在分詞皆為 lying,但三 態變化不同,比較如下: 意義

*為大考出現過的字彙

† 為補充說明

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

midnight [`m6d~na6t] adj. 半夜的;午夜的

u

lottery [`l3t4r6] n. 彩券(常音譯為「樂透」)

* u split [spl6t] v. 分攤;分享

† lead to 指「導致」,後可接 N./V-ing。 † stay away from 後接 sb/sth,表示「遠離、避開某人事物」。

Give It a Try

請選出正確的選項或將句子重組。

q Fred’s response was completely question.

A. internal

to my

B. unrelated

w After the change in government, the country went through a short of conflict.

A. diet

B. period

e to which / I’m referring / the restaurant / is located / on Main Street

貓正坐在上頭的那把椅子是實木做的。

The chair on which the cat is sitting is made of solid wood.

* 答案請參閱第 74 頁

為什麼「三餐不超過八小時」有助減肥? • 吃東西的時間拖長,吃的量也容易增加,使得總熱量上升,導致肥胖及代謝性疾病 (metabolic disorder)。 • 肝臟(liver)功能之一是將食物的葡萄糖轉成肝醣儲存,不斷進食會使得肝臟持續 處於工作狀態,無法專心修復必要細胞(cells),長期累積下來易造成代謝不良。 因此,有人提出「八小時飲食法」(the 8-hour diet),讓身體一天有十六小時的 禁食休息,更有益健康,但禁食期間也要適當補充水分,以防脫水喔!

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