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UNIT 1

大師名作選

〈自私的巨人〉為愛爾蘭知名作家奧斯 卡.王爾德(Oscar Wilde, 1854–1900) 的短篇童話。故事中的巨人自私小氣,不願 與人分享自家花園的美景,因此春天從不曾降 臨,庭院冷清荒涼。後來,他被一位特別的孩 子打動而開放花園,從此生命為之改觀,最後 得以進入天堂。

The

Selfish Giant 〈自私的巨人〉—Synopsis by Sean Russell

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課程講解》MP3

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VERY

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and the Frost † were pleased, and they

day, on the way home from

decided to live there all year round.

school, the children would play in

the Giant’s garden. It was a large, lovely

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garden, with soft green grass, beautiful 05

flowers, and peach trees with blossoms

sound of a single bird singing. Looking out

u

the window, he saw the children playing in

of pink and pearl.

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his garden again. They had found a hole in the wall and crept4 back in. The trees were

One day, after returning home from a seven-year journey, the Giant found children playing in his garden. He drove 10

them away in anger† and put up† a high wall to keep everyone out. He was a very selfish giant. When Spring arrived throughout2 the country, it did not come to the Giant’s

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garden. As no children were playing there, the birds did not care to sing,† and the trees remained bare. Only the Snow

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One morning, the Giant awoke3 to the

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so glad to have the children back that they had covered themselves with blossoms. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 64 頁


關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary

1. find/leave/keep + O. + O.C. 的用法

* 1.

動詞

受詞

受詞補語

V-ing

發現……處於某狀態

leave

p.p./Adj.

讓……處於某狀態

介系詞片語

使得……保持某狀態

keep

O.

* 2.

throughout [qru`a8t] prep.

遍及;從頭到尾

This type of plant can be found throughout the country.

意義

find

珍珠色;珍珠

Janice wore a string of pearls around her neck.

find、leave、keep 之後接受詞再接受詞補語來說明受 詞的狀態。常見的受詞補語型態請見下表:

pearl [p-l] n.

*為大考出現過的字彙

* 3.

awake [4`wek] v. (被)叫醒;醒來(三態可用 awake– awoke/awaked–awoken/awaked/awoke)

It was already past noon when Kyle awoke. * 4.

creep [krip] v.

悄悄地緩慢行進;爬行(三態為 creep–

crept–crept)

• We found the kids playing in the yard when we V-ing 表主動或正在進行 came home.

The dog crept into the kitchen without anyone noticing.

我們回家時發現孩子們在院子裡玩。 被動語態,受詞 the pizza 移至句首

• The pizza was left untouched because no one was p.p. 表被動或或動作已完成 hungry. 披薩沒人碰,因為大家都不餓。

• Please keep the door open to let in some fresh air. 麻煩讓門敞開著,好讓新鮮空氣流進來。

• I’ll keep the food in the oven so that it doesn’t get cold. 我會把食物留在烤箱裡才不會冷掉。

2. so . . . that . . .

如此……以致於……

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

* u blossom [`bl3s4m] n. (樹上的)花 v. 開花

† in 之後接某些情緒名詞表示「在……情緒下;……地」,如文中 的 in anger 指「一怒之下;生氣地」。 † 片語動詞 put up 在此指「豎立;建造」。 † not care to V. 取自故事原文,指「不喜歡、不願意做某事」, 為較正式的說法。

† frost [ fr7st ] 指「霜」。故事中 Spring (春天)、 Snow (雪)及 Frost (霜)首字皆大寫,用自然現象作為角色名, 為擬人用法。

表示「如此……以致於(有)……」,可用以下句型:

so Adj./Adv. that S. + V. • Dean is so handsome that everyone thinks he should become a model. 迪恩帥到大家都覺得他應該去當模特兒。

• She laughed so hard that her stomach hurt. 她笑得如此用力以致於肚子都痛了。

Give It a Try

請依句意填入正確英文。

q 我發現我的狗躲在衣櫥裡。 I found my dog w 賽斯累到在書桌前睡著了。 Seth was tired asleep at his desk.

in the closet. he fell

e 這件夾克讓我在旅途中保持溫暖。 The jacket me warm during the trip. r 潔西卡被鬧鐘聲喚醒。 Jessica to the sound of her alarm clock. * 答案請參閱第 64 頁

11 插畫 / 六十九


UNIT 6

旅遊好去處

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A Taste of

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Sydney

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陽光雪梨鮮體驗

places in the world offer both big-

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From Sydney Harbour, you can take a

city excitement and outdoor fun, but

ferry to one of several exciting attractions.

Sydney is one of them. With great weather

A half-hour ride brings you to Sydney

year-round, it’s a popular spot for visitors

Aquarium. One of the largest aquariums in

who want beaches, natural wonders,1 and

the world, it has a tunnel under the sea and

urbanu attractionsu all in one.

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which houses Australia’s best collection4

of Sydney is at Sydney Harbour. 3 For a

of native5 animals. Manly is also a must-

full view of this beautiful area, walk across

see.† Millions go to this area by ferry each

Sydney Harbour Bridge. From here, you’ll see the famous Opera House with its shelllike roofs facing the sea. On sunny days,

over six hundred types of Australian fish. Another ride brings you to Taronga Zoo,

The best place to begin your discovery2

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––Ted Pigott

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year for surfing, biking, or relaxing with a beachsideu picnic. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 67 頁

many boats and ferriesu can be seen sailing

across the calm, blue sea.

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Sydney Harbour Bridge 指「雪梨 海港大橋」,連結雪梨市中心和北岸。 遊客可以爬上大橋鋼骨的頂端,聆聽 導覽並俯瞰雪梨港美景。


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. With great weather . . . 句子解析 a

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

c

奇觀;奇蹟(在 p. 36 第 12 句作動詞)

This mountain is one of the natural wonders of our country.

b

With great weather year-round, it’s a popular spot for visitors who want beaches, natural wonders, and urban attractions all in one.

wonder [`w9nd0] n.

*為大考出現過的字彙

* 2.

discovery [d6s`k9v4r6] n.

發現

The scientist wrote a report about his latest discoveries. * 3.

a 本句使用 with N. . . ., S. + V. 句型,表示「因為有、由

harbour [`h3rb0] n.

海港;港口(harbour 為英式及澳洲英語

拼法,美語拼法為 harbor)

We watched the ships enter the harbour.

於…… ,……」。

• With the high cost of living, young people have difficulty saving money. 由於生活物價高昂,年輕人很難存到錢。

b year-round 表示「一整年」,在文中作副詞,亦可作形

* 4.

collection [k4`l5k]4n] n.

收集;收藏品

Aaron has a large collection of butterflies. * 5.

native [`net6v] adj.

原生的;本土的

English is not Olga’s native language.

容詞。

• The fun park is open year-round, from ten o’clock in the morning to eight in the evening. 這個遊樂園全年開放,營業時間從早上十點到晚上八點。

c all in one 指「全部囊括」,表示兼具兩種(或以上)的作 用、功能等。

• This product is a radio, alarm clock, and CD player all in one. 這項產品兼具廣播、鬧鐘和 CD 播放器等功能。

2. -like 作複合形容詞 名詞可與 -like 連在一起形成複合形容詞,表示「像…… 一 樣 的 」, 例 如 文 中 的 shell-like 由 shell ( 貝 殼 ) 和 -like 組成,表示「像貝殼的」。其他例子還有:

= bell-like 鐘形的;像鈴聲的

bell 鐘;鈴

flu 流感 +

jelly 果凍

-like

= flu-like 類流感的 = jelly-like 像果凍的

有些字與 like 連用時不加連字號,如:

child 孩子

= childlike 像孩子的;天真的

lady 淑女 + like

= ladylike 淑女般的

dream 夢

= dreamlike 如夢一般的

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

* u urban [`-b4n] adj. 城市的;都市的 * u attraction [4`tr1k]4n] n. 吸引人的事物;吸引力 u

ferry [`f5r6] n. 渡輪

u

beachside [`bit]%sa6d] adj. 位在海灘上的;海濱的

† must-see [`m9st`si] 表示「必看的事物」。

Give It a Try

請選出正確選項。

A. collection C. year-round

B. native

D. all in one

q In Taiwan, visitors can experience good food, nature, and culture ___________. w This library has the largest ___________ of books in the country. e With sales ___________, our store offers shoppers huge savings. r ___________ animals in China include the panda and the white-fin dolphin. * 答案請參閱第 67 頁

Sydney Opera House 指「雪梨歌劇院」,由丹麥建築師 Jørn Utzon 所設計,每年舉辦一千五百場以上的表演,堪稱全世界最繁忙的表演中心 之一,並被聯合國教科文組織列為世界遺產(World Heritage Site)。

圖片 / Flickr: gribbly

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UNIT 10

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課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3

ISHING

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is the game in Discovery Channel’s

new reality seriesu Top Hooker, in which

ten top fishermen from across the United States come together to compete against each other. 05

Their goal is to reelh in the prize of $30,000, a new truck, and the title1 of Top Hooker.

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▲ 參賽者在節目中面臨各種特別的考驗,例如駕駛水上三輪車捕魚等。

This isn’t the traditional2 sport of fishing,

freshwater fishing.h Greg, a surf fisher,h

though. Competitors must face a number of

is expert at fishing among strong sea

wild challenges on the sea, through the air, and

waves. Larysa, unlike the others, prefers

in rivers and lakes. To win, they must put their

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muscle,3 brain, and experience to the test.

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catching fish with a bow and arrow. Throughout the series’ eight

What makes Top Hooker especially

episodes, competitors show off†

interesting to watch is the competitors. Each

their skills and share their fishing

has a skill and background4 that distinguishesu

adventures.5 Viewersu are shown just

him or her from the others. Patrick, a fishing

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how exciting fishing can be.

boat captain, is experienced with

r e k o o H Top 》 《頂尖釣手 Yeh

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 68 頁

hooker [`h8k0] 由 動詞 hook [ h8k ] (釣魚;用鉤子鉤 住。p. 46 第 10 行 用法)加上 -er 組 成,在此指「釣 客;釣魚者」。

—Helen

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▲ 參賽者 Greg 在過程中必須挑戰矇眼釣魚。


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. put sth/sb to the test

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

• Driving across the country will put our new car to the test.

* 2.

* 3.

pass

* 4.

fail

background [`b1k%gra8nd] n.

出身背景;學經歷

adventure [4d`v5nt]0] n.

冒險;探險

沒通過測驗;測驗不及格 u

華特很用功唸書,所以他輕鬆通過了數學測驗。

• If you fail a test in this class, you will have to take the test again.

2. prefer 的用法

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

* u series [`s6r6z] n. 系列 * u distinguish [d6`st6;gw6] ] v. 使有別於;區別(distinguish A from B 指「使 A 有別於 B;區別 A 和 B 的不同」) * u viewer [`vju0] n. (電視)觀眾;觀看者

† show off 可作不及物用法,表示「炫耀」;也可作及物用法, 後接名詞,表示「展示某事物;炫耀某事物」,如文中用法。

如果你這門課有考試不及格,就必須重考。

釣魚小辭典

prefer [ pr6`f- ] 為動詞,三態為 prefer–preferred– preferred,表示「比較喜歡;寧可」,常見的用法有:

N./V-ing to V.

體力、力量;肌肉

Next summer, Tracy and her family will go on a hiking adventure in Wyoming.

通過測驗;測驗合格

• Walter studied very hard, so he easily passed the math test.

prefer +

muscle [`m9sy] n.

While being interviewed for the job, you will have to explain your educational background. * 5.

+ a/the + test

傳統的

You can build up your muscles by exercising every day.

教練認為珍可能可以成為頂尖跑者,所以他要考驗她的能耐。

延伸學習

traditional [tr4`d6]4ny] adj.

Mavis invited me over to her home for a traditional Chinese dinner.

開車橫越全國將考驗我們新車的性能。

• The coach thinks that Jane can be a top runner, so he’s going to put her to the test.

頭銜、稱號;標題

After years of hard work, she finally earned the title of vice president.

使某人事物接受考驗;考驗某人事物的能耐 此片語字面意思為「對某人事物進行考驗」,用來指「測 試某事物的性能、穩定性等 ; 考驗某人的能耐」,其中 test 作名詞,前面恆加 the。

title [`ta6ty] n.

*為大考出現過的字彙

比較喜歡、寧可要某人事物

h

中一語雙關,引申指「釣到、贏得某事物」) h

freshwater fishing [`fr5]%w7t0] n. 淡水釣魚

h

surf fisher [s-f ] n. 岸拋釣手(surf 在此指海浪打到海濱時破碎的 「碎波帶」。surf fisher 即站在碎波帶、拋竿入海釣魚的人)

寧可做某事

A + to + B

reel [ril] v. 捲繞(reel in + N. 用在釣魚時指「捲線把魚釣上岸」,在文

喜歡 A 更勝過 B

• The restaurant only serves chicken and fish, but I prefer beef. 這家餐廳只供應雞肉和魚肉,但我比較喜歡牛肉。

• Cathy wants to walk to the movie theater, but I prefer driving. 凱西想要走路去電影院,但我寧可開車去。

• I wanted to watch television, but they preferred to play a game. 我想看電視,但他們比較想要玩遊戲。

• Julia prefers a good book to a movie. 茱莉亞喜歡好書勝過電影。

Give It a Try

請選出適合的選項。

q Jessica _____ the driving test, so she’s going to try again in a few months.

A. failed

B. passed

w Bob has a _____ in sales, but now he is working as an actor.

A. muscle

B. background

e My uncle told us all about his ______ in Europe.

A. adventures

B. titles

* 答案請參閱第 69 頁

+ prefer A to B 的句型中,to 為介系詞,A、B 須同為 N. 或 V-ing,如例句第四句的 a good book 及 a movie 皆為 N.。

圖片、資料∕ Discovery 頻道

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