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UNIT 3

大師名作選

〈猴掌〉 The Monkey’s Paw

—Synopsis by Treva Adams

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years ago, in a cozy u house

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three wishes.

were old, and they lived with their only son,

The Whites thought that sounded

Herbert, whom they loved very much. One windy night, an old friend came to visit

wonderful, but Morris said it wasn’t. An old 20

them. It was Morris, a soldier from India.

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Indian had put the spell on the paw. He wanted to show that bad things happen to

The family welcomed Morris into their

those who try to change their fate.3 In fact,

home. Sitting next to the fireplace,u Morris

the wishes had brought only trouble. “Better

told them strange stories about his time

let it burn,” Morris said. Then, he threw the

in India. One story that struck† the Whites was about a monkey’s paw. Morris took the paw out of his pocket and showed it to them. “What is there special about

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it?” Mr. White asked. Morris replied2 that the paw contained a spell. It gave people

away from town, the White family

lived together happily. Mr. and Mrs. White

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〈猴掌〉為英國作家 W . W .雅各布斯 (W. W. Jacobs, 1863–1943)最聞 名的短篇驚悚小說。故事中的魔法猴掌 雖可實現三個願望,卻同時帶來難以預 料的災難性後果,正印證了英文中的一 句諺語: Be careful what you wish for.(小心你許的願望)。

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paw into the glowing4 flames.5 * 中文翻譯請參閱第 68 頁


關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

wish 的不同詞性與用法 的搭配有:

* 2.

許願

grant a/sb’s wish [gr1nt] 答應實現一個∕某人的願望 (p. 20 第 23–25 行用被動語態 )

• John told me to make a wish before blowing out the birthday candles. 約翰叫我在把生日蛋糕蠟燭吹熄前許個願。

• The king will grant three wishes to any man who can kill the dragon. 國王答應讓任何能殺死惡龍的人實現三個願望。

wish to V.

許願要(得到)某事物(p. 18 用法)

想要做某事

wish + O. + Adj./N. wish + (that) S. + V.

希望受詞(有)……(p. 20 用法) 但願、希望……

reply [r6`pla6] v.

回答

I asked Kevin if he wanted to have lunch with me, and he replied, “Yes.” 3.

fate [fet] n.

天命;命運

Stan looked back at his life and thought that fate had been good to him. 4.

glow [glo] v. (微微)發光、發熱(文中以現在分詞 glowing 作形容詞,指「微微發熱的」)

The candles glowed in the darkness of the night. * 5.

flame [flem] n.

火焰;烈焰

She sat by the fire and watched the dancing flames.

b 作動詞,表示「希望;想要」,此時常見的用法有:

wish + for + sth

paw [p7] n. (動物的)腳掌、爪子 My dog’s paws were covered with mud because he ran around in the park.

a 作名詞,表示「願望」,如文中第 17 行用法。此時常見

make a wish

*為大考出現過的字彙

† 為補充說明

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

cozy [`koz6] adj. 舒適愜意的

u

fireplace [`fa6r~ples] n. 壁爐

† 動詞 strike 的三態為 strike–struck–struck,原意為「打擊」, 在此則指「打動;使留下印象、為其著迷」 ,常用被動的 sb + be struck by sth 表示「某人被某事物打動、深深吸引」。

• Josh wished for a new bicycle for Christmas. The Monkey’s Paw 故事概念簡單,陳述因欲望而許

喬許希望聖誕節時能得到一台新的腳踏車。

願必然付出代價,充滿警世意味。後人據此創作出許多改編作

• I wish to see you again next week.

(adaptation) ,例如恐怖大師史蒂芬.金的《寵物墳場》 (Pet Sematary)、日本漫畫《xxxHolic》中都有類似的情節。科幻 影集《X 檔案》 (X-Files)中,主角穆德探員也曾遇到一個號稱 能實現任何願望的精靈(genie),他為了避免惡果而許願「世

我希望下週能再見到你。

• We wish you a happy new year. 我們祝你新年快樂。

• I wish that you had come with us to the show.

界和平」,但精靈卻讓所有人類都消失了;在讓一切復原後,穆

我真希望你有跟我們一起去看表演。

德體認到想靠精靈之力改變世界是不切實際的,因此許願讓精靈 回歸自由,顯示唯有無欲才能獲得真正的安寧。

+ wish to V. 的用法、意思與 want to V. 相同,但用 wish 的語氣更為正式。

+ wish (that) S. + V. 表示不太可能或完全不可能實現的願望, that 子句中要用假設語氣,如上面第四個例句接過去完成式 had come,表示與過去事實相反的假設語氣。

Give It a Try

請選出適合的選項。

q Amy believes that it was _____ that brought her and Eric together.

A. flame

B. fate

w I asked Bill what time the concert starts, but he hasn’t ____ yet.

A. replied

B. glowed

e I wish ____ speak with Mr. Jones, please.

A. to

B. for * 答案請參閱第 68 頁

17 插畫 / 六十九


UNIT 8

職業大觀園

The Road to Becoming a Chef 邁向主廚之路 —Sean Russell

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brings joy to many people, but for

Good chefs are also skilled 4 in time

some, it can be an object of passion.

management. They make sure that each

Those who truly love food—eating it,

course of a meal is served neither too slowly

OOD

preparing it, creating new dishes with it— 05

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may become chefs, thus turning their

when dozens of tables must be served at

passion into a career.u

once,† managing time can be hard. In the end, chefs direct all of their efforts towards

You might think that a chef’s job is only

one goal—to give customers5 a delicious

to cook, but in reality,1 chefs do much more than that. Cooks spend their time cooking 10

in a restaurant’s kitchen. Chefs, however, are in charge of the kitchen. Chefs hire and manage 2 kitchen workers, plan menus, create recipes, u and decide which food suppliersu to order products from. They taste

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foods to check flavors and examine dishes to see if all of the items are well arranged.3

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nor too quickly. This may sound simple, but

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and memorableu meal.

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 71 頁


主廚除了烹調,還需要負責規畫菜單、設計食譜。

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

reality [r6`1l4t6] n.

*為大考出現過的字彙

現實;實際情況(in reality 指「事實上;

實際上」)

The book’s story was created by the writer and has nothing to do with reality. * 2.

manage [`m1n6d.] v.

管理(第 18 行的 management

[`m1n6d.m4nt] 為名詞)

Collin manages a supermarket in a department store. 圖片 / Flickr: Edsel L

關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. those who 的用法

* 3. * 4.

* 5.

詞,須搭配單數動詞。

• One who lies too often will lose people’s trust. 太常說謊的人將會失去人們的信任。

2. in charge of + N./V-ing

customer [`k9st4m0] n.

顧客

Customers who spend over a hundred dollars can receive ten percent off the next time they buy something.

成功通常降臨在努力的人身上。

one who + V. 表示「(一個)……的人」,視為單數名

熟練的;有技能的(be skilled in/at + N./

Phil was not hired for the secretary job because he wasn’t skilled enough in typing.

• Success often comes to those who work hard. 延伸學習

skilled [sk6ld] adj.

V-ing 表示「對……熟練的;對……很拿手」)

的人」,視為複數名詞,作主詞時須搭配複數動詞。 想加入這個社團的人應該找麥克談。

安排;排列

Faith arranged all her clothes neatly in the closet.

those who + V. 可作主詞或受詞,表示「(那些)…… • Those who want to join the club should speak to Mike.

arrange [4`rend.] v.

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

* u career [k4`r6r] n. 職涯;生涯 * u recipe [`r5s4p6] n. 食譜 * u supplier [s4`pla60] n. 供應商 * u memorable [`m5m4r4by] adj. 難忘的

† at once 表示「馬上;立刻」。

負責、掌管…… charge 在此作名詞,指「責任;職責」。

圖片 / Flickr: Kasia/flickr

• My mother is in charge of the after-school program at my school. 我媽媽負責我學校的課後活動。

• Cindy is in charge of planning the party. 辛蒂負責籌劃這場派對。

3. make sure 的用法 a 指「確認;保證」,常用 make sure (that) S. + V. 指 「確保某事發生」,如文中用法。

• Make sure that you have put all of your books in your book bag. 務必確認你已將所有的書放進書包裡。

b 指「查明、弄清楚;確定」,可用 make sure (that) S. + V. 或是 make sure of N.,表示「查明某事;確定 某事」。

• The scientist did the test twice to make sure of the results. 這名科學家做了兩次測試來確定結果。

Give It a Try

請依句意填入正確的英文。

q 能否告訴我誰是負責這個活動的人?我需要和那個人談談。

Could you tell me who is _____ ___________ _____ organizing this event? I need to speak to that person.

w 我打給你是因為我想確認你有收到我的電子郵件。

I’m calling you because I want to ________ _________ _________ you received my e-mail.

e 請將所有椅子排成圓圈好讓每個人都能看到彼此。 Please __________ all of the chairs in a circle so that everyone can see each other. r 榮恩對煮菜很拿手,他想開一家餐廳。 Ron is very __________ at cooking, and he wants to open a restaurant. * 答案請參閱第 71 頁

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UNIT 11

追本溯源

淺談衛生紙

在一九六○年代的 法國製造的成包衛 生紙。

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dia

pe

iki

/W

ot

an

dJ

r éra

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P 05

(圖片翻攝自網路)

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▲ 一八七九年,史考特兄弟(the Scott brothers)成立史考特紙公司,後來生 產史上第一款捲筒式的衛生紙。

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▲ 喬 瑟夫. C .蓋耶堤( Joseph C. Gayetty)為美國第一位生產 平版衛生紙的人。

The first real toilet paper was made in

nature’s call, † and to your horror,

1391 for the emperor4 of China. They were

there’s no toilet paper in the bathroom!

two-by-three-foot† sheets and perfumed!u

Instead, there is a sponge u on a stick

By the late fifteenth century, people were

soakingu in salt water. You probably can’t

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using pages from old books, magazines, and newspapers.

Romansh had in public restrooms.

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(圖片翻攝自網路)

this. You’ve just answered

ICTURE †

imagine using that, but it’s what ancient

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— Asha Thibedeau

In 1857, Joseph C. Gayetty sold toilet

Before modern toilet paper was

paper in packages of flat5 sheets in the

invented, 2 people used all kinds of

United States, but it wasn’t a hit. Toilet

materials for the same purpose. Greeksh

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paper didn’t become popular until 1897,

used stones. Hawaiiansh used coconuts.3

when the Scott brothers sold toilet paper

The Vikings h used wool, and Eskimos h

in rolls. In 1942, an English company

used snow. Leaves and corncobsu were

created the two-layer paper that we’re

used in America. People made do with†

used to now.

whatever was at hand.

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 73 頁


關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. to one’s + 情緒名詞

令某人……的是……

要表示「令某人……的是……」,用法為 to one’s + 情緒 名詞,要以逗號隔開主要子句,常見例子有:

to one’s +

horror surprise relief joy

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

令某人寬心的是 令某人愉悅的是

• I entered my apartment. To my horror, I saw that someone had broken in.

* 2.

3.

a 指「任何……的事物」,相當於 anything that,引導名 詞子句,如文中用法。

• I’ll eat whatever you feel like cooking. 不管你想煮什麼,我都會吃。

= I’ll eat anything that you feel like cooking. • You can order whatever you like. 你可以點任何你喜歡的東西。

= You can order anything that you like.

b 指「不管什麼」,相當於 no matter what,引導副詞子

發明

coconut [`kok4n4t] n.

椰子;椰肉

The cookies are made with dried coconut. * 4.

emperor [`5mp4r0] n.

皇帝

Everyone feared and hated the cruel emperor. 5.

flat [fl1t] adj.

平坦的;扁平的

The kind of bread I like to eat is round, flat, and made of corn.

• To my relief, all of the mountain climbers were safe from the snowstorm.

2. whatever 的用法整理

invent [6n`v5nt] v.

The telephone was invented to make talking at long distances possible.

我進入公寓。令我驚恐的是,我看到有人闖過空門。

令我鬆一口氣的是,所有的登山客都平安度過暴風雪。

最基本、重要的;赤裸的

Don’t walk on the dirty floor with bare feet.

令某人驚恐的是 令某人驚訝的是

bare [b5r] adj.

*為大考出現過的字彙

† 為補充說明

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

sponge [sp9nd.] n. 海綿(sponge on a stick 指「海綿刷」)

* u soak [sok] v. 浸泡 u

corncob [`k7rn~k3b] n. 玉米穗軸

u

perfume [`p-fjum] v. 使……有香氣(過去分詞 perfumed 作形容 詞指「有香味的;加了香味的」)

† picture 在此為動詞,指「想像」。 † nature’s call(自然的呼喚)為委婉語,指「想上廁所的感覺」, answer nature’s call 指「上廁所」。 † make do with 後面接名詞,意指「因別無選擇,只好湊合著用 某物」。

† foot 為長度單位「英尺」,two-by-three-foot 指「(尺寸)二乘 三英尺的」。

句。

• Whatever you do, don’t ask Caitlin about her sick dog. 不管你做什麼,不要問凱特琳關於她狗生病的事。

= No matter what you do, don’t ask Caitlin about her sick dog. • Whatever happens, we’ll always be good friends. 不管發生什麼事,我們永遠都是好朋友。

= No matter what happens, we’ll always be good friends.

Give It a Try

請依句意配對正確英文。

A. bare

B. whatever

C. invent

D. surprise

q I dropped the glass bottle on the floor. To my _________, it didn’t break. w Brian obeys his parents and does ___________ they tell him to do.

民族小辭典 h

Roman [`rom4n] n. 羅馬人

h

Greek [grik] n. 希臘人

h

Hawaiian [h4`wa6j4n] n. 夏威夷人

h

Viking [`va6k6;] n. 維京人

h

Eskimo [`5sk6mo] n. 愛斯基摩人

e Greta wants to ___________ a machine that lets people travel back in time. r Arnold fought a lion with his ____________ hands, using no weapons. * 答案請參閱第 73 頁

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