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UNIT 1

大師名作選

The Most Dangerous Game 〈最危險的遊戲〉 —Synopsis by Sean Russell 〈最危險的遊戲〉為美國作家理查.康乃爾(Richard Connell, 1893–1949)的短篇故事,反映出二十世紀初 歐美以狩獵為消遣的風潮,刻劃本能( instinct )和理性 (reason)的對立。主角瑞斯佛(Rainsford)對動物冷 血,但還保留對人類生命的尊重,其對手札洛夫將軍則看似 文明、講規矩,實則殘忍地以捕獵人類為樂。當札洛夫將軍 對上瑞斯佛這最危險的獵物,誰將贏得這最危險的遊戲?

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dark tropical1 night, celebratedu

big-game† hunter Sanger Rainsford

and his friend Whitney are on a boat

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heading swiftly2 for Brazil. The region is

to be hunters rather than prey.u After Whitney

famous for its jaguars, and the pair is

goes to sleep in his cabin, Rainsford hears

looking forward to hunting them along the

the sound of gunshotsu from far away. In an

Amazon River. Along the way, Whitney

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20

points out Ship-Trap Island off in the

stands up on the edge, loses his balance,4

distance3—a mysterious place that strikes

and falls into the sea.

fear into the hearts of sailors.†

After realizing that he can’t swim back to the boat, Rainsford hears the scream of

The two friends have a brief conversation about whether or not animals feel fear when

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an unknown animal and decides to swim

hunted. Rainsford remarks coldheartedlyu

toward it. Completely exhausted,5 Rainsford

that the world is made up of only two

finally reaches the shore of Ship-Trap Island

classes—the hunters and the hunted. He

and falls into a long, deep sleep.

goes on to say how lucky he and Whitney are

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attempt to see the source of the sound, he

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 68 頁


關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

1. 表示「由……組成」的用法

2. * 3. (p. 56 第 14–15 行用法)

• Around seventy percent of the human body is made up of water. 人體大約有百分之七十是由水組成。

swiftly [`sw6ftl6] adv.

* 4.

distance [`d6st4ns] n.

遠方;距離(文中的 (off) in the distance 指「在遠方、遠處」)

balance [`b1l4ns] n. exhaust [6g`z7st] v.

使精疲力盡;耗盡

Lester was exhausted after running in the marathon.

• The pancake mix consists of flour, eggs, and milk. u

這種鬆餅預拌粉是由麵粉、蛋和牛奶構成。

u

+ consist of(由……構成;包含)可接 N./V-ing,須用主動 語態表示。

u

* u

make up 和 compose 也可用部分作主詞,句型如下:

compose

平衡

To skate well, you must keep your balance.

空氣由許多種氣體組成。

make up

迅速地;快速地

The distance between the two towns isn’t far.

* 5.

• Air is composed of several gases.

B+

溼熱的;熱帶的

Jon walked swiftly down the hallway.

(文中用法)

A + is composed of + B A + consist of + B [k4n`s6st]

tropical [`tr3p6ky] adj.

Allison keeps tropical fish in her fish tank.

表示「A(整體)由 B(部份)組成」,常用搭配如下:

A + is made up of + B

*為大考出現過的字彙

+A

u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

celebrated [`s5l4~bret6d] adj. 著名且備受讚揚的 coldheartedly [`kold`h3rt6dl6] adv. 冷酷無情地;冷淡地 prey [pre] n. 獵物;被捕食的動物 gunshot [`g9n~]3t] n. 槍擊;射出的槍彈

† big-game 為複合形容詞,指「大型獵物的」,源自名詞 big game,即獅、虎、野牛、象等體型較大的獵物。game 除了指 「遊戲」之外,也可指「獵物」,本故事標題即帶有此雙關含意。

† strike fear into the heart(s) of sb 以字面意義「將恐懼打入 某人心中」表示「使某人心生畏懼」。

2. rather than 的用法 此片語可作連接詞或介系詞用,說明如下:

a 作連接詞用時表示「而非……;(與其……)不如……」, 連接兩個詞性、結構相同的字詞,相當於 and not,如 文中用法。

皆名詞

• She chose the green hat rather than the blue one.

Give It a Try

請依句意選出適合的選項。

A. balance

B. swiftly

q T here’s nothing more relaxing than lying on a ______ beach. w Jennifer lost her ______ and fell down the stairs.

她選了綠色的帽子而不是藍色的那頂。

e Doug walked ______ down the street so that he wouldn’t miss the bus.

+ 連接兩個不定詞時,後面不定詞的 to 通常會省略。 不定詞 to V.

* 答案請參閱第 68 頁

• Mark decided to walk rather than take the MRT to work. 省略 to,只留原 馬克決定與其搭捷運,倒不如走路去上班。

C. tropical

形動詞 take

jaguar vs. leopard

美洲豹、花豹比一比!

jaguar [`d.1gw3r]

leopard [`l5p0d]

美洲豹;美洲虎

豹(俗稱花豹、金錢豹)

分佈 地區

中南美洲

非洲及亞洲零星區域

毛皮 特徵

雲狀花紋; 中間有黑點

雲狀花紋; 中間無黑點

b 作介系詞用時表示「(是……)而不是……;(用……)代 替……」,後接名詞或 V-ing,相當於 instead of。 • He borrowed Meg’s suitcase rather than buying a new one for the trip. 接動名詞 他這趟旅遊跟梅格借行李箱來用而沒有買新的。

11 插畫 / 六十九


Richard Wagner:

UNIT 5

人物特寫

Music and the Man 理查.華格納的音樂世界 —Mike Corsini

圖片 / Wikipedia

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year marks the two hundredth anniversary of

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the birth of Richard Wagner, one of the most

圖片 / Wikipedia

The Ring Cycle

important composers h in Western music. His 05

influence on music extends to this day, and his

The Ring Cycle 多譯作「指 環系列」,全名為「尼伯龍

political1 and personal views have made him a

根的指環」(The Ring of the Nibelung),由《萊茵的黃

controversialu figure.

金》、《女武神》、《齊格弗 里德》、《諸神的黃昏》四部曲組成,內容源自北歐神話。 故事始於侏儒族人阿貝利希偷走萊茵河( Rhine )底的黃 金、打造出一枚能統治世界的魔法戒指,引發神族、巨人族 與人類的征戰。眼尖的讀者或許會發現此故事梗概與《魔

Wagner was a masterful u composer who preferred to be in control of nearly every aspect of

戒》(The Lord of the Rings)系列極為相似,足見華格 納的影響力遍及各項藝術領域。

his operas.h He also put many more instruments in 10

his orchestrash than other composers of his time did, which brought his music to a powerful level and gave

20

up to today. Wagner’s work has

composers, he wrote both the words and the music

inspired modern epic film scores,h

to his operas. Among Wagner’s better-known works

including those for the Star Wars

is The Ring Cycle,† a group of four separate operas linked together by leitmotifs,h which are short musical themes repeated throughout the operas. h

Wagner has had a major effect on both music and film. Film and music experts say that the

leitmotif has been adopted 2 by countless Hollywood film composers

it an epicu scope.u Unlike most nineteenth-century

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北歐神話中的女武神常持矛上戰場。

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and The Lord of the Rings series. Modern, nonclassical † musicians also mention Wagner’s artistic 3 vision4 as having had a significant5 impact6 on their own work. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 70 頁

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關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

1. 關係子句的限定用法與非限定用法 限定用法 功能

限定修飾先行詞

先行詞

非特定人事物

用法

關代前不加逗號,且 關代可用 that 代替

*為大考出現過的字彙

political [p4`l6t6ky] adj.

政治(上)的

Tom and his father support different political parties.

非限定用法

* 2.

w 補充說明整個句子 q 獨一無二的人事物

* 3.

* 4.

artistic [3r`t6st6k] adj.

藝術的;有藝術天賦的

vision [`v6.4n] n.

眼光;遠景、展望

Ken has a bright vision of his future. * 5.

限定用法 文中第 7 行的先行詞 a masterful composer 並非特定 的人事物,故用限定用法(不加逗號)。來看類似例句:

採用;採納

Cynthia has no artistic talent, but she is very good with numbers.

w 前面的整個句子 關代前須加逗號,但關 代不可用 that 代替

adopt [4`d3pt] v.

The problem was solved when the team adopted a different strategy.

q 補充說明先行詞

significant [s6g`n6f4k4nt] adj.

意義深遠的;重大的

The used car doesn’t have any significant problems, only some minor scratches. * 6.

impact [`6mp1kt] n.

影響;衝擊(力)

Recent events in Europe have had some impact on stock markets in America.

限定是「剛走過我們身邊」的那名男子

• The man who just walked past us is my brother. 剛剛走過我們身邊的那位男子是我哥。(用限定用法強調是走過身 邊的那一個)

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

非限定用法

† 為補充說明

* u controversial [~k3ntr4`v-]4l] adj. 有爭議性的

文中第 11 行的 which 子句修飾前面 He also put . . . of his time did 整個句子,採用非限定用法(加逗號) 來補充說明這件事的影響。

補充說明前面 整件事

• I need to talk to you about the project, which is why I called you yesterday.

u

masterful [`m1st0f4l] adj. 熟練、精湛的

u

epic [`5p6k] adj. 史詩級的;壯闊的

u

scope [skop] n. 範圍;眼界

† nonclassical [n3n`kl1s6ky] 指「非古典樂的」,由表否定的字首 non- 加上 classical(古典的)組成。

我需要跟你談專案的事,所以我昨天才會打電話給你。(補充

音樂小辭典

說明整件事,採用非限定用法)

文中第 16 行的先行詞 leitmotif 為音樂術語,故子句用 非限定用法(加逗號)來補充說明此字的意思。 補充說明李安的事蹟

• Ang Lee, who won an Oscar award this year, is my favorite movie director.

h

composer [k4m`poz0] n. 作曲家(p. 30 第 19 行的 composition

h

opera [`3p4r4] n. 歌劇

h

orchestra [`7rk6str4] n. 管弦樂隊

h

leitmotif [`la6tmo%t6f ] n. 主導動機;主樂調(源自德文,亦可拼成

[%k3mp4`z6]4n] 為名詞,指「(藝術)布局;構成」)

leitmotiv,為華格納創造的概念,表示歌劇中附屬某一角色、事件或情境

李安是我最愛的電影導演,他今年贏得一座奧斯卡獎。(李安 只有一個,採用非限定用法。關係子句放句中時前後都要加逗號)

2. up to 的用法

的音樂簡短旋律) h

theme [qim] n. 主旋律

h

score [sk7r] n. (戲劇、電影等的)配樂

a up to 後可接數字或時間點,表示範圍界線「高達……;

到……為止」,如文中的 up to today 指「直至今日」。

• Winners in this contest can receive up to ten thousand dollars. 這場競賽的勝利者可獲得高達一萬美元的獎金。

b 句型 sth + be up to + sb 指「某事由某人來決定;某 事由某人負責」。

• The case is up to the police to solve. 這個案子由警方負責解決。

Give It a Try

請依句意填入正確英文。

q 我們該訂幾個披薩由你來決定。 It’s you to decide how many pizzas we should order. w 約翰是個很有藝術天分的人,他喜歡畫畫和跳舞。 John is a very person who loves to paint and dance. * 答案請參閱第 70 頁

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UNIT 9

旅遊好去處

France

A Drive through

Provence 開車玩遍普羅旺斯 22

P 05

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ARIS

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亞維農

Provence [pro`v3ns]

普羅旺斯(位於法國東南部)

Arles [`3r4l] 亞爾

Aix-en-Provence [~5ks~3npro`v3ns] 艾克斯(簡稱 Aix)

—Helen Yeh Rhône River [ron] 隆河

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may be the capital of France, but

15

Papal Palace. It’s the largest Gothic† palace

Provence is its heart. The landscape1

in Europe, and you can go inside and get

and culture of this southeastern corner of

a sense of how the popes lived. Then, take

the country have inspired artists for

a walk on the nearby bridge to catch an

centuries. Since many of its cities are just a

amazing view of the Rhône River and the

stone’s throw away from each other, they

20

sand-colored palace walls rising against the city’s blue skies.

can be easily experienced on a delightful2 road trip.

10

Avignon [%3vin`jon]

Not far from the palace is Avignon’s

If you’re coming from the north, a

main square, lined with open-air

convenient entry 3 point to Provence is

restaurants and cafés. After a relaxing

Avignon, one of France’s most beautiful

25

meal here, wander south on the city’s

cities. It was home to the popesu during the

tree-lined avenues5 towards Dyers Street,

fourteenth century, and its former glory4 is

where fabric dyers used to do their trade.

still visible today from the presence of the

This narrow street runs along a canal with ancient waterwheels,u and on the opposite 30

side, you can peeku into trendy shops and beautiful gardens. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 72 頁

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▲ 亞維農教皇宮殿內部華麗的雕飾。

染匠街(Dyers Street,法文為 Rue des Teinturiers)在十四至十九世紀期間 製造業非常活躍,尤以染布業聞名。

圖片 / Wikipedia: Jean-Marc ROSIER

關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. 表方向的用法 northwest west

north

* 1.

東北

southeast

2.

landscape [`l1ndskep] n.

風景;自然景色

delightful [d6`la6tf4l] adj.

令人愉悅的

We had a delightful time at the opera tonight.

* 3.

東南

* 4.

east 西南

*為大考出現過的字彙

Arizona’s desert landscape is a nature lover’s paradise.

西

southwest

字彙 Vocabulary

northeast

西北

圖片 / Flickr: David Locke

entry [`5ntr6] n.

入口;進入權(後接介系詞 to + 地點)

The door had a “no entry” sign posted on it.

glory [`gl7r6] n.

光榮、榮耀(不可數名詞);引以為榮的事物

(常用複數)

south

The general earned glory through his achievements during the war.

• We drove southeast from Oregon until we arrived in Nevada.

* 5.

avenue [`1v4~n(j)u] n.

我們從奧勒崗州往東南行駛,直到抵達內華達州。

表示「位在(某方位)的;來自(某方位)的」,則在字尾 加上 -ern 形成形容詞,如文中用法。

• Southern Italy is much warmer than northern Italy. 義大利南部比義大利北部溫暖多了。

2.「距離」有多遠? 要表示「A 和 B 距離……」,可用以下句型:

大道;林蔭大道

Madison Avenue runs from the north to the south of the city.

u u

字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

pope [pop] n. 教皇;教宗(第 15 行的 papal [`pepy] 為形容詞,指 「教皇的」)

u

waterwheel [`w7t0~hwil] n. 水車

u

peek [pik] v. 窺視;瞥見

† Gothic [`g3q6k] 指「哥德式的」, 是一種建築風格,起源於十二世紀 的法國,特色為尖拱、飛扶壁、彩 繪玻璃窗及鋸齒狀的尖塔。

A + be + 距離 + away from B • My apartment is just a few blocks away from my office.

▲ 亞維農教皇宮殿被認為是最重 要的中世紀哥德式建築之一。

我的公寓距離我辦公室只有幾個街區遠。

+ 文中 a stone’s throw away 字面上指「投擲一顆石頭的距

離」,引申指「不遠處」,後面加上 from each other 則指 「彼此相距不遠」。

3. get a sense of . . .

感受到……;了解……

sense 有「知覺 ; 觀念」的意思,片語 get a sense of + N. 表示「感受到……;了解……」,片語中的名詞 也可改用名詞子句,如文中 get a sense of how the popes lived 指「感受教宗的生活起居」。 • Ted wanted to get a sense of what his clients were looking for before starting the project. 泰德想要在展開這項企劃案前了解他的客戶要的是什麼。

Give It a Try

請選出正確選項及重組句子。

q You can only exit through this door. For _____ to the building, please use the other door.

A. avenue

B. entry

w The house has a _____ garden in the back.

A. glory

B. delightful

e from / three kilometers away / is / the gas station / here

____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ * 答案請參閱第 72 頁

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