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UNIT 1

Literature 文學花園 ★★★

Agatha Christie: Queen of Crime 偵探小說天后──阿嘉莎.克莉絲蒂 —James Baron

阿嘉莎.克莉絲蒂和亞瑟.柯南.道爾爵士(Sir Arthur Conan Doyle)並列為英國 重量級的偵探小說作家。阿嘉莎.克莉絲蒂生於一八九○年,從小就熱愛閱讀、寫作與音 樂。第一次世界大戰爆發時,克莉絲蒂在醫院擔任藥劑師,在此期間所學到的毒藥知識也成了 爾後她小說中謀殺案的元素。一九一六年,她著手創作首部推理小說《史岱爾莊謀殺案》 ( The Mysterious

Affair at Styles),此後六十年的創作生涯中,共完成了六十六部長篇小說以及一百多部短篇小說、逾十五部 劇本。她的推理名劇《捕鼠器》 (The Mousetrap)更創下了倫敦戲劇公演的最長紀錄,至今仍在上演。 阿嘉莎.克莉絲蒂的小說全球銷量迄今無人能出其右,被金氏世界紀錄列為史上最暢銷的小說家。她 撰寫的偵探小說常用密室(locked room )推理手法搭配撲朔迷離的情節,一絲不苟的細節鋪陳讓讀者能 夠得到充分的線索,隨著事件發展到最後解開謎團、找出真兇。她筆下最著名的兩位偵探分別是蛋形頭、翹 鬍子的比利時籍偵探赫邱勒.白羅(Hercule Poirot),以及直覺敏銳的女神探珍.瑪波小姐(Miss Jane

Marple ),英國、日本等國皆曾將兩人的故事改編成廣受歡迎的影視作品。雖然阿嘉莎.克莉絲蒂已於 一九七六年辭世,但她的作品仍流傳於世且聲勢至今不墜,可說是偵探小說史上的「謀殺故事天后」。 插畫 / 詹迪薾

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fan base who eagerly awaited7 her latest

If you’re looking for a murder mystery full of plot 1 twists, u Agatha Christie is

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the writer to turn to. Born in Devon,

Early on in her writing career, Christie

England, in 1890, Christie may not enjoy 5

established a general formula for her

the literary 2 standing u of some of her

novels. This formula has a group of people

highbrowu contemporaries,3 but she is

thrown together at an isolated8 location

the best-selling novelist of all time, with nearly four billion copies of her books sold.

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spanned much of the 20th century,

detectives in Christie’s novels, the two

beginning with the novel The Mysterious

most famous are Hercule Poirot and Miss

the novel in 1916 in the midst of the First World War, she struggled to find a publisher.5 When the book was accepted in 1920 by a US publisher, the publishing agreement required her to change the ending of the novel, leaving her feeling shortchangedu with the deal. 20

However, over the next decade, she published a further nine works. As her fame 6 and reputation grew, Christie developed a large

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clues to reveal the murderer. Of all the

4

Affair at Styles. Though she completed

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where a murder takes place. Onto the scene comes a detective, who must find

Agatha Christie’s professional career 10

publications.

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Jane Marple. 翻譯請見第 70 頁

Hercule Poirot & Miss Jane Marple 兩人並列為阿嘉莎.克莉絲蒂最有名且最長壽的角色。赫 丘勒.白羅(Hercule Poirot)出現在三十四本長篇小說、 五十五則短篇故事中。他原為比利時警探,退休後赴英國做 私人偵探。他是個有潔癖、挑剔、留著八字鬍的矮個子老 頭。白羅擅長探究人的心理層面,利用他「小小灰色腦細胞」 (little grey cells)推理並揪出罪犯。珍.瑪波小姐(Miss Jane Marple)是一個相貌平凡、穿著老氣的老婦人,但她 精準的女性直覺讓她成為天生的偵探,在十二本長篇小說與 二十則短篇故事中辦案。瑪波小姐終生未婚,喜歡打毛線、 做園藝,而那也正是她辦案時用來掩人耳目的障眼法。


UNIT 4

Sports 運動集錦 ★★★

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世界盃足球賽是由國際足球總會(FIFA ) 每四年舉辦一次的國家級男子足球賽,自

England may claim to be the home of soccer,

一九九八年法國世界盃起,其電視轉播觀眾人

but few would argue that Brazil embodies1 the true

數高達四十億人次,成為比奧運會更受歡迎的

spirit of the game. Over the years, the Samba Boys, as

體育盛事。二○一四年世界盃足球賽( 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil )為第二十屆的比

they are known, have delighted2 critics and fans alike

賽,自六月十二日起在巴西十二座城市的球場 熱鬧展開,來自全球的三十二支足球勁旅共計

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with their free-flowing, attacking style. Beginning this month, Brazil hosts3 the World Cup for the second

要進行六十四場比賽,以決定冠軍金杯獎落誰 家。世足賽將於七月十三日閉幕,世界各地的 球迷都興致勃勃要觀看這為期一個月的足球賽

time, and for many fans, it seems like the sport is

事,最終的結果如何且讓我們拭目以待。

returning to its rightfulu home. 圖片 / Wikipedia: Leandro Neumann Ciuffo

n i p u C d l r o W

l i z a r B

e m o H g n i om C s I l l a b t Foo 鬧登場

熱 賽 足 世 巴西

—James

Baron

Thirty-two teams will do battle for soccer’s ultimate4 prize, with the Final to be held at Rio’s iconicu Maracanã

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Stadium on July 13. The Brazilian national team has won soccer’s top prize a record five times. However, while Brazil has home advantage as well as the pedigree,u there are a number of teams that will be hoping to upset the applecart.u 15

European powerhouses u Italy and Germany will be looking to add to their tally 5 of four and three titles, respectively,6 and Spain will aim to defend7 the title it

won in South Africa in 2010. There are also threats

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利昂內爾.梅西(Lionel Messi)為阿根廷足球員,目前效力於西班牙職業球隊,也是現任阿 根廷國家足球隊隊長。梅西善用左腳,有著細膩的盤球技術與非凡的控球力,以超高的進球率 聞名於世。他自二○○九年起連續四年拿下「世界足球先生」的殊榮,許多人都視他為史上最 傑出的足球員,今年才二十六歲的他仍大有可為,未來的表現令人期待。(圖片 / 路透社)


from closer to home in the form 20

of two-time winner Argentina, with its star forward Lionel Messi, widely considered the world’s best player. At the other end of the spectrum, u the Balkan republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina will be hoping for a good showing at its

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debut in the competition.

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Much of the attention in the months leading up to

◀ ▲ 馬拉卡納體育場(Maracanã

Stadium)位於里 約熱內盧市( Rio de Janeiro ),為一多功能體 育場,可容納約八萬名的觀眾。此座體育場是為 一九五○年的世界盃足球賽所建,經過整建後,將 作為本屆世界盃的比賽及總決賽球場。二○一六 年的里約奧運也預定會在此舉行開幕式及足球賽。 (圖片 / Erica Ramalho / Rio de Janeiro Government)

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the 2014 World Cup has been on the so-called8 “group of death.” This group draws a lot of attention because it refers to an unusually competitive 9 group of teams 30

playing qualifying10 matches. Portugal faces a tall orderu in this World Cup’s “group of death,” which also includes Germany, the United States, and Ghana. In addition, fans are waiting eagerly to see what will happen when Germany and the United States compete. The current US head coach

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is Jurgen Klinsmann, who played on the winning West German team in 1990 and managed the national side to a third-place finish at home in 2006.

While anticipation11 for the World Cup still grows,

西班牙國家代表隊在二○一○年的南非世界盃首度奪得 冠軍,全隊歡欣鼓舞地慶祝勝利。西班牙將在今年的巴 西世界盃足球賽力求衛冕成功。(圖片 / Wikipedia: Anthony Stanley)

there are fears that the civil unrestu that marred12 last year’s 40

Confederations Cup in São Paulo

will happen again. The demonstrations,13 which turned violent, occurred in 10 of the 12 cities hosting games in the competition. Most protestors u were expressing anger about increases in public transportation fares and prices for basic goods, 45

government corruption,u as well as spending such a large amount of money on the tournament.14 Fortunately, fears over potential unrest haven’t killed the enthusiasm over the return of the world’s biggest sporting event to its spiritual15 home. All eyes will

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be on Brazil for the next few weeks as the World Cup kicks off. 2 翻譯請見第 72 頁 31


UNIT 11

★★★

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Discovery Channel’s Nature’s Great Events gives us a close-up view of some of our world’s most awesomeu displays. Each summer, the Arctic1 ice recedes,u opening up approximately three million square miles of land and sea in what is known as the Great 5

Melt. Polar bears need this ice to hunt ringed seals, so summer in the Arctic can be a time of famine2 for polar bears. As a mother bear and her cub venture3 out onto the unsteady ice floes,u the great expanseu of water lay before their eyes. The cub stays close and must learn from its mother how to hunt, but the more open

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water there is, the easier it is for the seals to escape capture. In another region of the planet, the Great Migration4 is taking place in the Serengeti grasslands in Africa. The soil there is fed by the Mountain of God, a volcano5 that sends ash into

Nature’s Great Events

《大自然盛事》

the sky to scatter on the plains. It helps 15

feed the rich grass and discourages forest growth, which the grazing 6 animals love. Every year, more than a million zebras and wildebeests come to this open plain to feast, and these herd7

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animals are the food source that keeps Ntudu’s prideu of lions alive. When the herds move on from the pride’s territory, the survival of the 25

lions becomes uncertain.

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next generation10 is secure, the older one passes away. Still another amazing spectacle 11 45

happening in Africa each year is known as the Great Flood. Botswana’s Okavango

FRI 27

Delta undergoes a transformation in

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which a plain of 4,000 square miles is left

Another migration far from the

underwater. The water draws creatures of 50

Serengeti plains is the Great Salmon Run.

a crossingu of the harsh Kalahari Desert.

Every year on the North American west 30

On their way, they must face off against

coast, hundreds of millions of salmon

hungry lions. Should the elephants be

return from the sea to the rivers where they were born. On the way, they must swim against the strong current and hurl8

successful, they’ll reach the floodwaters 55

in time to witness the phenomenon 12 of thousands of dragonflies mating and

themselves up waterfalls and rapids. As if 35

all kinds, including elephants, which brave

laying eggs.

the strong currents and other challenges

In Discovery Channel’s Nature’s Great

weren’t enough, hungry wolves and

Events, some of the most stunning 13

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grizzly bears are primed to pluck them out of the air and paw them right out of 40

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footage u from the natural world has

the streams. Only the strong will reach

been captured. It shows that even in the

the spawning u grounds, where the

everlasting14 fight for survival, beauty can

salmon mate. Once the survival of the

be found. 2 翻譯請見第 77 頁

完整精采節目請鎖定 Discovery 頻道 《大自然盛事》播出時間: 6/18 起每週三晚上 8:00。 想收藏

Discovery 頻道精采影片,請洽采昌國際多媒體

http://www.ccii.com.tw 61

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