Page 1


cfly{s ;d[l4sf] clenfiff

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zdf nfdf] /fhgLlts ;+qmd0fsf] cGTo eO /fi6«sf] ;du| cfly{s / ;fdflhs If]qsf] ljsf; / lgdf0f{ ug{] ce"tkj"{ cj;/ d'ns ' df cfPsf] 5 . ;a} hgtf, /fhgLlts bn / hgk|ltlglwx¿sf] ;d]t ;xdlt ag]sf] / jt{dfg g]kfnsf] oyfy{tfdf cTofjZos /fi6«sf] cfly{s ;d[l4 g} cfh d'Vo Ph]G8fsf] ¿kdf :yflkt ePsf] 5 . o;} k[i7e"ldnfO{ dgg\ ub{} ljsf;sf] ;Djfxs Pjd\ g]kfnsf] lghL If]qsf] k|ltlglw ;+:yf g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3n] nfdf] 5nkmn / u[xsfo{ kl5 lgDg b'Oj{ 6f ljifodf cfkm\gf] cjwf/0ff tof/ u/L To;nfO{ nfu" ug{ cfjZos /x]sf] s'/f hfgsf/L u/fpg] clenfiffsf ;fy of] dfu{lrq k|sfzgdf NofPsf] 5 . !_ cfly{s ;d[l4sf] dfu{lrqM b]zsf ;a} gful/ssf] k|fylds cfsf+Iffsf] ¿kdf cflys{ ;d[l4 g} /x]sf] jt{dfg kl/j]zdf /fi6«sf] ;dl[4sf] dfu{lrq s:tf] x'gk' 5{ < / nufgL k|j4{gsf] nflu lghLIf]qd}qL jftfj/0fsf] nflu ljBdfg P]g sfg'gdf s]–s:tf] kl/dfh{g jf ;+zf]wg jf vf/]hL jf gofF P]g th{d' f ug{' cfjZos 5 eGg] ljifo klg Tolt g} ;fGble{s / dgg\ of]Uo 5g\ . xfdL ;a}n] ljBdfg c8\rg / r'gf}tLsf] ;fdgf ub{} pknAw cj;/x?sf] k|of]udf ;Fu ;Fu} xft]dfnf] ug{ cfjZos 5 . æcfly{s ;d[l4Æ nfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fvL nufgLsf] lbuf] cfwf/lznf v8f ug{ g]kfnsf] ;d[l4sf] dfu{lrqdf ;d]l6g' kg{] / sfg'g / gLlt–lgoddf ;'wf/sf s]–s] ljifo x'g ;S5g\ eGg] ljifonfO{ ;d]t ulx/f] cWoog / ljZn]if0f u/L kl/;+3n], kl/;+3–k|a4 ' kl/ifb\ -CNI Eminent Persons Council_ ;d]tsf] ;xsfo{df o; ljifosf] cjwf/0ff k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 . @_ cfly{s ;d[l4sf nflu ljBdfg sfg'gdf ug'{kg]{ ;'wf/, ;+zf]wg jf vf/]hLM lghL If]qnfO{ pTkfbgzLn 9+un] cy{tGqdf ;lqmo u/fpg, ljlwsf] zf;g -Rule of Law_, k|efjsf/L ;'zf;gsf] k|j4{g -Effective Good Governance_ / gLltut l:y/tf -Policy Consistency_ sf] cfjZostf /x]sf] 5 . pk/f]Qm tLgj6f p2]Zo xfl;n ug{sf nflu xfn b]zdf ljBdfg /x]sf lgs} k'/fgf e};s]sf P]g sfg'g / ltgdf ePsf cd"t,{ c:ki6, lj/f]wfefifk"0f{ / ck|f;fª\lus k|fjwfgx?df ;+zf]wg, kl/dfh{g jf vf/]h ug{ cfjZos 5 . b]zn] v'nf, ahf/d'vL / k|lt:kwf{Tds cfly{s gLlt c+uLsf/ u/]sf]n] tTsfnLg Psf+sL / cg'bf/ /fHo Joj:yfn] cfkm\gf] cfjZostf k"lt{ ug{ th'd{ f u/]sf] lgoGq0fd'vL sfg'gL Joj:yfx? xfn klg ljBdfg 5g\ . tL sfg'gdf /x]sf w]/h } ;f] – cGToGt k'/fgf Pjd\ c;fGble{s Joj:yfx? / To;df cfwfl/t thlahL lg0f{o ug{ kfpg] k|fjwfgn] cfly{s ultljlwdf c;xhtf yk]sf] 5 / To;sf] kmn:j?k b]zdf cf}Bf]lus nufgL j[l4 x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . / cfh xfd|f] b]zn] wfGg} g;Sg] u/L Jofkf/3f6f tLj| ?kdf al9/x]sf] 5 eg] cf}Bf]lus pTkfbg / /f]huf/Lsf cj;/x? cToGt Go"g ePsf 5g\ . d'ns ' sf] cfly{s, cf}Bf]lus Pjd\ lghL If]qsf] Jofj;flos ljsf;sf] nflu cg'sn " tyf ;do;fk]If gePsf Pjd\ ;+zf]wg, kl/dfh{g / vf/]hL ug'k{ g{] P]gx?sf] ljj/0fsf ;fy} lghL If]qnfO{ 68\sf/f] ?kdf kg{ uPsf sfg'gL Pjd\ k|lqmofut ;d:of / ltgdf ul/g'kg{] ;+zf]wg÷kl/dfh{gsf] ;DaGwdf g]kfn pBf]u kl/;3+n] lj:t[t cWoog / 5nkmn u/L tTsfn vf/]h / ;+zf]wg Pjd\ kl/dfh{g ug{ jf~5gLo b]lvPsf sfg'g / lgoddfjnLx?sf] ljj/0f -tLg dxn] ;lxtsf] ;'´fj ;+nUg u/]sf] 5 . g]kfn ;/sf/ / gjlgjf{lrt ;+;b\n] pRr k|fyldstfsf ;fy pNn]lvt P]g sfg'gx?sf] cfjZos ;+zf]wg / vf/]hLsf] k|lqmof ;'? u/L k|ljlw, cf}Bf]lus Pjd\ pTkfbgzLn If]qsf] Jofj;flos ljsf;sf] dfu{ to ug{ cfjZos 5 . o; k|sfzgdf qmdzM v08 ! / v08 @ ;dfj]z u/L pNn]v ePsf ljifodf ;DalGwt ;a};uF ;'´fj / l6Kk0fLsf] nflu kl/;+3 ljgd| cfu|x ub{5 . kl/;+3n] k|sfzgsf] ?kdf hg;dIf NofPsf] of] cjwf/0ffsf] d'Vo p2]Zo æ;d[4 ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f ug{ cfjZos dfu{lrqÆ l;h{gf u/L o;sf] sfof{Gjogdf ;xhLs/0f ug{' /x]sf] 5 . v08 @ df ;dfj]z ePsf sfg'gx¿df ug'k{ g{] ;'wf/;DaGwL ljifo kl/;3+sf] ;+:yfut cjwf/0ff xf] . o; cjwf/0ff lgdf{0fdf kl/;+3 k|a4 ' kl/ifb\sf] ;+nUgtf 5}g . of] k|sfzg cfk}mdF f k"0f{ xf]Og t/ o;df Jofks 5nkmn, ax;;lxt kl/;+3sf] cjwf/0ff sfof{Gjog txdf k'¥ofpg ;DalGwt ;a}af6 cfjZos ;xof]u x'g5 ] eGg] ck]Iff ;lxt k|:t't k':ts k|sfzgsf] qmddf lj1fkg pknAw u/fO{ ;xof]u ug'{ x'g] ;DalGwt ;a} lj1fkgbftf ;+:yfx?df kl/;+3 xflb{s cfef/ JoQm ub{5 .

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xl/ eQm zdf{ cWoIf


Confederation of Nepalese Industries Office Bearers

g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3 – kbflwsf/Lx¿

>L xl/eQm zdf{ cWoIf

>L g/]Gb|j'mdf/ a:Goft lgjt{dfg cWoIf

>L ljgf]b j'mdf/ rf}w/L cWoIf Pld/]6\; >L ;ltifj'mdf/ df]/ jl/i7 pkfWoIf

>L cg'h cu|jfn pkfWoIf

>L j[mi0fk|;fb clwsf/L pkfWoIf

>L lji0f'j'mdf/ cu|jfn pkfWoIf

>L lgjf{0f rf}w/L pkfWoIf

>L /fh]z cu|jfn pkfWoIf

>L z'ne cu|jfn pkfWoIf

>L d]3gfy Gof}kfg] dxflgb]{zs


CNI-Eminent Persons Council (Think Tank)

kl/;+3 k|a'4 kl/ifb\

8f= zDe'/fd l;Dv8f – ;+of]hs ;b:ox¿

k|f= 8f= uf]ljGb/fh kf]v/]n

8f= z+s/k|;fb zdf{

>L k'?iff]Qd cf]´f

k|f= 8f= ;'jf; s]=;L=

8f= ljGb' nf]xgL

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#

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CNI Vision Mission and Objectives Vision To play lead role in making the countrys industrial sectors vibrants, resilient as well as globally competitive, and promoting the investement friendly environment for achieving a sustainable double digit economic growth.

Act as a forerunner of major changes in global economic and business scenario and possible impacts to Nepal.

Help to create an industrial environment conducive to domestic and foreign investment.

Working closely with the government on policy formulation and implementation issues

Enhancing efficiency and competitiveness of Nepalese industries.

Creating opportunities for the country's industrial growth through specialized services and global linkages.

Acting as platform of consensus building and networking for public private partnership in development agendas.

Develop CNI as a ‘Think Tank’ institution for the management and development of the economic and industrial sector of Nepal through the means of research and development (R&D).

Mission The primary area of CNI to work is encouraging positive competition and competent management among the industries, promoting domestic and foreign investemen, and creating employment oppoutunities in the countrys industries and corporate sector.

Objective and Goals The principal objective of CNI is to encourage positive competition and competent management among the industries, promoting domestic and foreign investment, and creating employment opportunities in the country's industrial and corporate sector. A part from this, CNI has been identified the following specific goals and working to achieve the same.

8

Proper representation of the country's medium as well as large scale manufacturing and services industries.

Provide meaningful policy inputs to the government in the area of industrial development, investment and export promotion, trade facilitation, industrial relation.


g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3 tyf kl/;+3–k|a'4 kl/ifb\

cfly{s ;d[l4sf] dfu{lrq

!

k[i7e"ld

nfdf] /fhgLlts ;+qmd0fsf] cGTo;Fu} d'n'sdf ax'k|tLlIft /fhgLlts :yfloTjsf] ;Defjgf a9]/ uPsf] 5 . of] ;DefjgfnfO{ cj;/df abNb} d'n'snfO{ ;'zf;g / ;d[l4lt/ 8f]¥ofpg] P]ltxfl;s lhDd]jf/L clxn] gofF ;/sf/sf] sfFwdf cfPsf] 5 . ;/sf/sf] pQm lhDd]jf/Ldf ;xof]u k'Ug] u/L of] ;d[l4sf] cjwf/0ff g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3n] kl/;+3–k|a'4 kl/ifb\;uF sf] k6s–k6ssf] 5nkmn, ;xsfo{ / cGt/lqmofaf6 NofPsf] xf] . nfdf] ;dob]lv åGå / cljsf;sf] b'Zrqmdf kmF;]sf] g]kfnh:tf] d'n'sdf cfly{s ljsf; / ;d[l4sf] Ph]G8fnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg} kg]{ cfjZostf 5 . l:y/ ;/sf/sf] lgdf{0f;Fu} ;'zf;gnfO{ k|fyldstf lbP/ g]kfnsf t'ngfTds ?kdf ;an If]qx?sf] klxrfg u/L ltgdf Jofks nufgL ug{'kg]{ cfjZostf /x]sf] 5 . tbg'?k hnljB't\sf kl/of]hgfx? / ko{6g xfd|f ;an If]qx? x'g\ eg] ltgsf] ljsf;sf nflu ef}lts k"jf{wf/sf kl/of]hgfx?sf] ljsf; k"j; { t{ xf] . csf]{tkm{ d'n'sdf / ;du| blIf0f Pl;ofdf, /f]huf/Lsf] l;h{gf Psbd sd ePsf] 5 . o; kl/k|]Iodf cf}Bf]lusLs/0fåf/f ;d[l4sf] gf/fnfO{ ;fy{s sfof{Gjog ug{ cfly{s ;d[l4sf]

dfu{lrqdf ;d]l6g'kg]{ s]xL wf/0ffx? oxfF k|:tfj ul/Psf] 5 . ljkGgtfsf] cGTo u/L cfly{s ;DkGgtf / j}ejk'0f{ ;DkGgtf;lxtsf] …;d[l4Ú lgdf{0f g} cfhsf] g]kfnsf] cfjZostf xf] . pRr b/sf] cfly{s j[l4, ;Ddflgt /f]huf/Lsf] l;h{gf, Jofkf/ ;Gt'ng, kof{j/0fLo ;Gt'ngnfO{ s]Gb|laGb'df /fvL gful/snfO{ zflGt k"0f{, :jtGq, :jzfl;t, ;dtfd"ns tyf :jfledfgsf] k|Tofe"lt;lxtsf] ;Dk"0f{ ljz]iftfx?sf] pknAwtf ePsf] ;d[4 ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f ug{ cfjZos wf/0ffx? oxfF k|:tfj ul/Psf] 5 . ;d[l4sf] dfu{lrqn] v'Nnf cy{tGq c+uLsf/ ub}{ cfly{s lqmofsnfkdf ;xlhs/0f Pjd\ lgodg ug]{ Joj:yf;xlt ljz]iftM lgDg ;ftj6f ljifonfO{ cfwf/:tDe dflgPsf] 5 M !_ pRr, km/flsnf], ;dfj]zL / lbuf] cfly{s j[l4, @_ dof{lbt /f]huf/Lsf cj;/x?sf] l;h{gf / l;lh{t cj;/ / ;'ljwfx?df ;dGoflos kx'Fr,

1


#_ zf;sLo :yfloÎj -cyf{t\ gLlt, sfg'g, ;+:yf / g]t[Tjsf] ;'l:y/ lg/Gt/tf_ $_ ;'zf;g, %_ lghL / ;/sf/L lgsfox?df pTs[i6 Joj:yfksLo Ifdtf, ^_ 1fgsf] k"jf{wf/ -Knowledge Infrastructure_ sf] ljsf; tyf Jofks k|of]u / &_ zflGtk"0f{ Pjd\ dof{lbt k|ltjfb / k|lt/f]wsf] ;+:s[lt . ;d[l4sf dfly plNnlvt ;ft cfwf/ :tDex?nfO{ s]Gb|df /fv]/ lgDg dfGotfsf cfwf/df xfdLn] ;d[l4sf] ;+lIfKt dfu{lrq k|:t't u/]sf 5f}“ .

2

s_ oxfF pNn]v ug{ vf]lhPsf k|fyldstfsf If]q / ljifoaf/] ;/sf/ hfgsf/ 5 eGg] xfd|f] dfGotf xf] . tyflk tL b[li6sf]0fx?nfO{ k|fyldstfsf cfwf/df nfu" ug'{k5{ eGg] xfd|f] wf/0ff 5 . v_ oxfF pNn]v ug{ vf]lhPsf ljrf/x?af/] hfgsf/L ePsf] t/ To:tf /0fgLltx? nfu" -Enforcement_ gePsf] jf kof{Kt gePsf] jf /0fgLltx? nfu" ug{ cem a9L ;sf/fTds lrGtgsf] cfjZostf /x]sf] xfd|f] wf/0ff 5 . u_ s]xL ;'´fj k|s[ltdf ?kfGt/0fsf/L eP klg /fd|f p2]Zosf nflu kl/nlIft ePsf]n] oL ;'´fjx? ;/sf/n] kxn u/L nfu" ubf{ o;af6 c;n kl/0ffd lg:sg] xfd|f] dfGotf 5 .


@

cj;/ / r'gf}lt (SWOT)

;jn kIf

Strength

• • • • • • • •

l:y/ ;/sf/ d'n'ssf] ef}uf]lns ljljwtf ;+3Lo k|fb]lzs / :yfgLo ;+/rgf ;'zf;gk|ltsf] k|lta4tf c;n cGt/f{li6«o ;DaGw gjLg ;f]r tyf k|lta4tf ljsf;k|ltsf] hgtfsf] clenfiff ljsf;df dlxnfx?sf] pNn]Vo ;xeflutf • pT;flxt lghL If]q

cj;/

Opportunity

• • • • • • •

zlQm k[ysLs/0f tyf ljs]lGb|s/0f lbuf] ljsf; nIf gofF sfg'gsf] lgdf{0f / k'/fgf] kl/dfh{g k|fb]lzs tyf :yfgLo gLlt tyf nIf lgwf{/0fdf hg ;xeflutf hnljB't\sf] ;DefJotf s[lif tyf ko{6gsf] k|r'/ ;Defjgf gofF k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f tyf lj:tf/sf ;Defjgf

sdhf]/ kIf

Weakness

• pBf]udf nufgLsf] jftfj/0f • gofF ;+3Lo k|fb]lzs / :yfgLo ;+/rgf • k|zf;lgs Pjd\ ljsf;sf sfo{df gf}nf] k|of]u • cfjZos sfg'gsf] th'd{ f kl/dfh{g / ;+zf]wg • ef}lts k"jf{wf/sf] lgdf{0f • plrt hgzlQmsf] Joj:yfkg • ljQLo Joj:yfkg tyf k'h F Lsf] pknAwtf • lghL If]qk|ltsf] ljZjf;

r'gf}tL

Threat

• /fh:j tyf k|fs[lts ;|ft] sf] afF8kmFf8 • cGt/ k|bz ] tyf :yfgLo k|zf;g aLrsf] ;dGjo • ;'zf;g Pjd\ b08xLgtf • gLlt tyf sfo{qmdx?sf] sfof{Gjog (Enforcement) df ;+/rgfut ;d:of • a9\bf] Jofkf/ 3f6f / 36\bf] cf}Bf]lus pTkfbg • lj1fg / k|ljlwsf] sdhf]/ k|of]u

3


Truly Closer to Heavenly feelings.

Cable Car

Bhaleshwor Temple

View Tower

Bar@2520

CafĂŠ Fountain

Children's Playground

Amphitheatre

Multi-purpose Hall

Thankot, Kathmandu, Nepal | Tel: 01-4312515 / 01-4311719 E-mail: info@chandragirihills.com /chandragirihills

/chandragirihill w w w . c h a n d r a g i r i h i l l s . c o m


#

cfly{s ;d[l4sf] dfu{lrqleq ;d]l6g'kg]{ ljifo kl/;+3 d'ns ' sf] cfly{s ;d[l4sf] dfu{lrqdf ;dfj]z x'gk} g]{ ljifox? lgDglnlvt x'g\ eGg] ljZjf; ub{5

#=! lbuf] cfly{s ljsf;M s w]/} cWoogx?n] g]kfndf s[lif k|zf]wg, xNsf pTkfbgd"ns pBf]u -Light Manufacturing Industries_, ;"rgf k|ljlw / ;~rf/ pBf]unfO{ ;Defjgf ePsf If]qsf] ?kdf klxrfg u/]sf 5g\ eg] pmhf{, ko{6g, k"jf{wf/ -;8s / xjfO{_ nfO{ ljsf;sf] d"n k"jf{wf/ dfg]sf 5g\ . casf] cfly{s ;d[l4sf] dfu{lrqdf oL If]qx?nfO{ k|fyldstf lbg'kg]{5 . v a]/f]huf/L ;d:ofnfO{ xn ug{ /f]huf/L l;h{gf ug{'kg]{ s'/fnfO{ d"n d'2fsf ?kdf lnFb} tbg'?k d'n'ssf] cfjZostf / k|fyldstfg';f/ ;fj{hlgs lghL cjwf/0ffsf cfwf/df /f]huf/L l;h{gf ug{ k|f]T;fxg ug]{ gLlt c+uLsf/ ul/g'k5{ . u :jf:Yo / lzIffsf] Go"g u'0f:t/n] d'n'ssf] dfgj ;+;fwgsf] pTkfbsTjdf kf/]sf] gsf/fTds c;/nfO{ sd ug]{ gLlt Nofpg'k5{ . 3 xfnsf] ;fdfGo lzIff k|0ffnLnfO{ sd hf]8 lbFb} k|fljlws tyf Jofj;flos lzIffnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /flvg' kb{5 . ª ljQLo If]qsf] nfdf] cl:y/tfsf] Oltxf;nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{'k5{ . pTkfbgd"ns If]qn] d'n'ssf] cy{tGqdf cf]u6\g] lx:;fsf] lg/Gt/ ;+s'rgnfO{ /f]Sg cf}Bf]lus If]qsf] nflu k|j4{g ug{ Jofks gLltut ;'wf/ ug{'k5{ . r cGt/f{li6«o k'FhL lgj]z tyf ljQ;Fu ;DalGwt cWoogx? -h:tf] Ease of Doing Business, Logistics Performance Indicator cflb_ df g]kfnsf] lg/Gt/ sdhf]/ d"Nofª\sg ePsf] ;Gbe{df To;df ;'wf/ ug{ :ki6 dfu{lrq Nofpg'k5{ eg] u}/–cfjf;Lo g]kfnLx?sf] nufgL a9fpg ljBdfg ;d:ofnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{'k5{ .

#=@ k"jf{wf/sf] ljsf; s_ k"jf{wf/ ljsf;df jflif{s s'n ufx{:Yo pTkfbgsf] sDtLdf !@Ü vr{ ug{'k5{ eGg] dfGotf /x]sf] 5 . o;/L pRr nufgL ug{'kg]{ ljleGg sf/0fx? 5g\ . xfn cGo d'n'sn] h:tf] cGtl/d k|ljlwaf6 gu'h|L cfw'lgs k|ljlwdf ;Lw} hfFbf ljsf;sf] ult c?sf] t'ngfdf b|'t agfpg ;lsg] df}sf 5 eg] s[lifdf cfwfl/t cy{tGqnfO{ ;+/rgfut ljljwtf k|bfg ug{ klg ;8s, pmhf{ Pjd\ ICT h:tf k"jf{wf/x?sf] ljsf; ug{' cTofjZos 5 . v_ j}b]lzs ;xof]udf lgdf{0f x'g] k"jf{wf/ ljsf;sf kl/of]hgfx?df lghL If]qnfO{ ;d]t j}b]lzs ;xfotf tyf ;xsfo{ ug{ lbg] k|fjwfg x'g' kb{5 .

5


#=# cf}Bf]lusLs/0f tyf pTkfbgd"ns pBf]usf] ljsf;M

s_ cfoft k|lt:yfkg / lgof{t j[l4 ug{ :jb]zL pBf]ux?nfO{ k|j4{g ug]{ / o;sf nflu xfn ljBdfg eO/x]sf] cfoftnfO{ k|ltiyfkg ug]{ u/L gLltdf cfd"n kl/jt{g cfjZos 5 . u_ ko{6g If]qsf] k"jf{wf/ ljsf;df ;/sf/L / lghL If]qaLr ;dGjo ug{'k5{ . ;fy} E-Payment, E-services, Payment Gateway, IT for Online Education h:tf cf}hf/ k|of]u u/L Go Digital sf]

v_ ;/sf/L :jfldTjdf /x]sf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgx?nfO{ k'gM;+/rgf u/L lghL If]qsf] d"No dfGotfcg';f/ ;~rfng ug{'k5{ . 3_ E-Governance : ;/sf/L lgsfox?df E-Governance nfO{ pRr k|fyldstf ;fy ;+3, k|b]z / :yfgLo txsf] ;/sf/L sfdsfhdf ;"rgf k|ljlwsf] Jofks k|of]u ul/g' kb{5 .

gLlt cjnDag ug{'k5{ .

;8s s_ ljBdfg Strategic Road Network -SRN_ / Local Road Network -LRN_ nfO{ u'0f:t/Lo ?kn] lgoldt / pko'Qm dd{t ;Def/sf] Joj:yf ug{ ;8s af]8{ g]kfn -RBN_ nfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg'k5{ . v_

6

Trans Himalayan Economic Corridors

sf] ljsf; / k|:tfljt k"j{klZrd hf]8\g] dWokxf8L / x'nfsL /fhdfu{ tyf pQ/–

blIf0f hf]8\g], cfly{s b[li6n] ;DefJo x'g] kfFr /fhdfu{x?sf] lgdf{0f oyfzL3| ;DkGg ug{'k5{ . u_

BRI, SASEC / BIMSTEC h:tf cfly{s ;xof]usf If]qLo k|of;x?df g]kfnsf] ;xeflutfnfO{ cy{k"0f{ t'NofpFb} /fli6«o lxtsf] hu]gf{ ug]{tkm{ kxn x'g cfjZos b]lvG5 .


pmhf{ s_ pmhf{ If]qdf klxrfg ul/Psf klZrd ;]tL, dflyNnf] tfdfsf];Lh:tf 7"nf / bL3{sfnLg kl/of]hgfx?nfO{ National Mega Project sf] dfGotf lbg], ;f}o{, jfo' pmhf{, Oyfgf]n cflbsf] ;Defjgf x]/L pmhf{ ;|f]t ljljwLs/0f ug]{ / tL If]qdf lbOg] k|f]T;fxgsf] pko'Qm vfsf th'{df u/L sfof{Gjog ul/g' kb{5 . v_ pmhf{sf] artdf ljleGg ;|ft] x? x]/L Wofg lbg'k5{ . lskmfotL ln8 aNasf] cTolws k|of]u, Energy-efficient k|ljlwsf] cjnDag, pBf]uwGbf tyf 7"nf ejgx?df pmhf{ cl8l6ª cflb u/]/ pmhf{sf] art ug{k' 5{ . u_ ljB'ts \ f] pTkfbg -Production_, k|;f/0f -Transmission_ tyf ljt/0f -Distribution_ sf] ;+:yfut Ifdtf j[l4 ug{ ltgsf] ;~rfng ug]{ 5'§f5'§} :jtGq lgsfosf] :yfkgf ug{k' 5{ eg] ljB't\ dx;'n lgwf{/0f cfof]usf] k|efjsfl/tf a9fpg'k5{ .

3_ pTkflbt lah'nLnfO{ cfGtl/s vkt u/L afFsL /x]sf] lah'nL lgof{t ug{ cGt/f{li6«o ;lGw– ;D´f}tfx? ul/g' kb{5 . ;fy} cGt/b]zLo k|;f/0f nfOgsf] lj:tf/df hf]8 lbg' kb{5 . ª_ vf; u/L BBIN If]qdf ljB't\ cfk"lt{sf] nflu pmhf{ a}+ssf] :yfkgf ul/g' kb{5 h;n] g]kfnaf6 pTkflbt pmhf{sf] e/kbf],{ lgoldt / lbuf] cfk"lt{ x'g ;Sb5 . g]kfndf pTkflbt lah'nLnfO{ ef/tsf] 6«fG;ld;g nfOg k|of]u u/L lgof{t ug{sf nflu pRr:t/Lo ;xdlt u/L Jofj;flos / k|j4{g ug{ Power Wheeling ug]{ sfd x'g' kb{5 . r_ ;dod} hnljB't\ cfof]hgf lgdf{0f ;DkGg u/L lu|8df lah'nL hf]8\g] pTkfbsnfO{ ;/sf/n] k|f]T;fxg lbg] Joj:yf tyf ljutdf ;/sf/n] u/]sf cGo k|lta4tfx?sf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog ug{' kb{5 .

7


ljdfg:yn s_ e}/xjfdf lgdf{0ffwLg cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:ynnfO{ National Mega Project sf] ?kdf cfufdL @ jif{leq lgdf{0f ;DkGg ul/g'kb{5 . v_ kf]v/fsf] cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:yn cfufdL # jif{leq lgdf{0f ;DkGg ul/;Sg' kb{5 . u_ ljBdfg cfGtl/s / cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:ynsf] ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf :t/f]Gglt ul/g'kb{5 . ;Dej eP;Dd ljdfg:yn ;fj{hlgs–lghL ;fem]bf/Lsf] cjwf/0ffdf lgdf{0f tyf ;~rfng ul/g'kb{5 .

3_ cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:ynsf] 5lj -Image_ a9fpg ljdfg:yndf pNn]Vo ;'wf/, z'4Ls/0f, :t/f]Gglt, ;'/Iff ;ts{tf, Safety, Joj:yfkg tyf 7"nf tyf ;'– kl/lrt Airline ;Fu /0fg}lts ;f´]bf/L ;lxt ;xsfo{ h?/L 5 . ª_ pRr k|fyldstf;lxt lghu9df k|:tfljt cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:ynnfO{ $÷% jif{df k"/f ug{] u/L of]hgf sfof{Gjogdf NofOg' kb{5 .

;x/Ls/0f, vfg]kfgL tyf 9n Joj:yfkgM ;x/L

ljsf;df Smart / d'n'ssf] ug]{, ;x/x?sf] u'0f:t/Lo Pjd\

8

cfwfl/t cfly{s j[l4 -City Based Growth_ ub}{ ;x/x?nfO{ /f]huf/Lsf] s]Gb| agfpg'k5{ . ;x/L oftfoftnfO{ Joj:yfkg kmf]xf]/d}nf Joj:yfkg, vfg]kfgLdf kx'Fr a9fpg] / ;a} g]kfnLnfO{ z'4 kfgLsf] pknAwtfsf] k|Tofe"lt ul/g' kb{5 .


jg tyf jftfj/0f ;+/If0f / Joj:yfkg s_ jg;Dkbf / h}ljs ljljwtfsf] ;+/If0f / ;+j4{gnfO{ k|f]T;flxt ub}{ ljsf;÷jftfj/0f aLr k/:k/df ;Gt'ng Nofpg] u/L gLlt tyf sfg'gdf cfjZos kl/dfh{g ug'{k5{ . v_ k"jf{wf/ ljsf;, cf}Bf]lus ljsf; / jg;Dkbf ;+/If0faLr ;xh Pjd\ d}qLk"0f{

;Gt'ng sfod ug{ Land for k|fjwfgnfO{ Cash for Land sf] ;lxt To;/L ;+sng x'g] kl/rfngsf nflu Jofj;flos ;d]tsf sfo{ ug{ Pp6f :jtGq :yfkgf ul/g' kb{5 .

Land

sf] cjwf/0ff /fh:jsf] j[Iff/f]k0f lgsfosf]

/fli6«o uf}/jsf cfof]hgf / /fli6«o 7"nf kl/of]hgf k"jf{wf/, pmhf{, oftfoft, vfg]kfgL / ;x/Ls/0f;Fu ;DalGwt /fli6«o k|fyldstf k|fKt 7"nf kl/of]hgfx?nfO{ k|fyldstfsf] 3]/fleq kf/L ;dod} k"/f ug{ cfjlws / k|efjsf/L ;dLIff ug]{, tL ;dLIff / ToxfFaf6 l;lh{t gLlt tyf

sfo{qmdx? ;fj{hlgs ug]{ / jt{dfgdf NPC / NDAC a}7sn] ug]{ u/]sf o:tf cfof]hgfnfO{ csf]{ 5'§} ;+oGq agfO{ …kmf:6 6«\ofsÚ df /fv]/ ;dLIff ug{'kb{5 .

nufgLsf nflu ljQLo cf}hf/ s_ k"jf{wf/, pTkfbg, tyf cf}Bf]lus If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu Infrastructure

ug{ ljBdfg sfg'g / lgodfjnLdf cljnDa ;'wf/ ul/g' kb{5 .

ljQLo cf}hf/x?sf] klxrfg / kl/rfng

v_ lrlgofF tyf ef/tLo a}+sx? nufgLsf] gofF ljQLo ;|f]tsf ?kdf cfpFb} u/]sf] jt{dfg l:yltdf ltgLx?;Fu ;DaGw lj:tf/ ug{ :yfgLo ljQLo ;+:yfx?nfO{ ;xh x'g] l:ylt lgdf{0f ug{'k5{ .

Fund, Private Equity Fund, Green Investment Fund/Global Climate Fund, Local Currency Bonds, Blended Finance, Hedging Fund, Government Guarantee, Viability Gap Funding (VGF) Venture capital cflb h:tf gofF

9


:jf:Yo ;]jf

s_ ;/sf/L c:ktfn tyf :jf:Yo ;]jf s]Gb|x?sf] u'0f:t/ tTsfn ;'wf/ ul/g' kb{5 . v_ cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] :jf:Yo ;]jf, :jf:Yo lzIff / cGt/f{li6«o u'0f:t/sf] cf}iflwsf] pTkfbgnfO{ d'n'sd} k|j4{g ub}{ ;'ne /

u'0f:t/Lo :jf:Yo ;]jfnfO{ ;j{;fwf/0fsf] kx'Fr k''Ug] u/L gLlt kl/dfh{g ug{'k5{ . u_ ;j{;fwf/0fsf] lxtsf nflu :jf:Yo ladfnfO{ Jofks agfpg] gLlt cjnDag ul/g' kb{5 .

cg';Gwfg s]Gb|x? s_ ;ftj6} k|b]zdf pgLx?sf] ;fdYo{ cg'?ksf] Industrial Excellence Centre sf] :yfkgf ul/g'kb{5 . s]Gb|Lo txdf cf}Bf]lus If]qsf] pTkfbsTj, ;~rfng bIftf / lbuf] ljsf;sf nflu cWoog cg';Gwfg -R&D_ dfkm{t gofF pTkfbg, ;~rfng k|ljlw / pTkfbg k|f?ksf] ljsf; ug]{ p2]Zon]

10

o;cl3 kl/;+3n] k|:tfj u/]sf] National Centre for Industrial Excellence -CIE_ sf] :yfkgf ul/g' kb{5 . v_ ljZjljBfno / ly+s 6\of+sx?nfO{ pTs[i6 aGg k|f]T;fxg ul/g'k5{ / To:tf ;+:yfx?nfO{ ;/sf/L ;xof]u pknAw x'g] Joj:yf nfu" ul/g' kb{5 .


gLlt ;dLIff cGt/f{li6«o ;lGw ;D´f}tf;Fu k|lts"n tyf pBf]u :yfkgf / ;~rfng, nufgL j[l4 tyf ;d[l4 cg's"n g/x]sf P]g–sfg'gsf] klxrfg u/L ;'wf/

#=!$ cf}Bf]lus If]qsf] :yfkgf tyf ljsf;

ul/g'kg]{ l:ylt 5 eg] ;fj{hlgs–lghL ;f´]bf/L P]g tTsfn agfO{ nfu" ug{ cfjZos 5 .

lngsf nflu e"ld a}+ssf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ sfof{Gjog ul/g'kb{5 .

s_ cf}Bf]lusLs/0fsf] lj:tf/ ug{ ljz]if cfly{s If]q -SEZ_, cf}Bf]lus kfs{ -Industrial Park_ u_ >d P]gsf] k|fjwfgcg';f/ jif{df Go"gtd !) dlxgf lgoldt?kdf sfd lbO{ /f]huf/L l;h{gf / ljlzi6 cf}Bf]lus If]q -Industrial Estate/ ug]{ pBf]ux?nfO{ k|f]T;fxg lbOg'kb{5 . Industrial Cluster_ cflbsf] nflu hUufsf] gfkmf k'gn{ufgL ug]{ pBf]ux?nfO{ /f]huf/L Joj:yf u/L ltgLx?sf] :yfkgf / ;~rfngdf l;h{gf u/]afkt gfkmfdf nfUg] s/ 5'6 :yfgLo lgsfox?nfO{ clwsf/ lbO{ pgLx?n] / pBf]ux?nfO{ cg';Gwfg tyf ljsf; Psfk;df cf}Bf]lusLs/0fdf k|lt:kwf{ ug]{ -R&D_ u/L gofF k|ljlwsf] ljsf; ug{ tyf jftfj/0f agfpg'k5{ . gofF k|ljlw leœofpg k|f]T;fxg lbg'k5{ . v_ pBf]u :yfkgfsf nflu e"ld lsGg jf lnhdf

11


#=!% nufgL tyf ljsf;sf] bzs cfufdL bzsnfO{ nufgL tyf ljsf;sf] bzs -Investment and Development Decade_ 3f]if0ff u/L nufgLstf{x?sf] ;d]t ;+nUgtfdf nufgL cfsif{0f ug{sf nflu b]lvPsf cj/f]wnfO{ x6fpg sfo{of]hgf tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog ul/g'kb{5 .

s_ g]kfnn] tof/ u/]sf] Tourism Vision 2020 cg';f/ k|ltjif{ @) nfv ko{6s leœofpg]] / !) nfvnfO{ /f]huf/L lbg] nIo /x]sf] 5 . o; nIosf] k|flKt ug{ tyf ko{6g If]qsf] ;DefjgfnfO{ kl/0ffddf ?kfGt/0f ug{ cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:ynsf] :t/f]Gglt, /fli6«o Wjhfjfxssf] Ifdtf clej[l4, ko{6g tyf ;fxl;s ko{6gsf nflu cfjZos k"jf{wf/x?sf] ljsf;, wfld{s ko{6gsf]

;"rgf k|ljlw tyf

IT enabled Services

s_ ;"rgf k|ljlw;Fu ;DalGwt k|fljlws Ifdtf lj:tf/sf nflu k|fljlws lzIffnox?df Jofks nufgL ug{ cfjZos 5 . OG6/g]6sf] Ifdtf j[l4 u/L o;sf] kx'FrnfO{ Jofks agfOg'kb{5 . eljiodf lgdf{0f x'g ;Sg] g]kfnL Smart Cities x?sf] cfwf/sf

12

k|j4{g, xf]d:6]h:tf ;fdflhs ko{6gsf gofF cf}hf/x?sf] k|j4{g / gofF ko{6sLo :ynx?sf] klxrfg ul/g' cfjZos 5 . v_ /fli6«o Wjhfjfxs g]kfn jfo';]jf lgudsf] :t/f]Ggltsf] nflu cGt/f{li6«o Voflt k|fKt ;+:yfnfO{ Stragtegic Partner agfO{ o;sf] u'0f:t/ / Ifdtf j[l4 ug{ / ljleGg d'n'sdf xjfO{;]jf lj:tf/ ug]{ gLltut Joj:yf nfu" ul/g' kb{5 . nflu tYofª\s ;+sng, k|zf]wg tyf ;+u|x / o:sf] k'gM k|of]u -Big data_ sf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ cljnDa d"t{?k lbOg' kb{5 . g]kfnsf tLgj6} txsf ;/sf/sf] sfdnfO{ Digitize ul/g'kb{5 . v_ cGt/f{li6«o :t/df ;kmn IT Companies nfO{ pko'Qm jftfj/0f pknAw u/fO{ pgLx?sf] pTkfbg, ;]jf jf R&D ;]G6/ :yfkgf ug{ pRr:t/Lo kxn u/L Go"gtd Pp6f sDkgLsf] ;]jf cf/De u/fpg] kxn ul/g'kb{5 . u_ g]kfndf cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf Data Center x? ;~rfng ug{ kxn ul/g'kb{5 .


#=!* s[lif If]qsf] ljsf; s_ ls;fgx?nfO{ ;do–;dodf 3f]if0ff ul/Psf cg'bfg lbg], kfgL, lap, dnh:tf s[lif pTkfbgdf h?/L x'g] ;fdu|Lsf] plrt Joj:yf / s[lifsf] Joj;foLs/0f ug]{tkm{ ;/sf/sf] Wofg hfg'k5{ . /fli6«o uf}/jsf cfof]hgfdf k/]sf l;S6f, aaO{, /fgLhd/f u'nl/of / e]/L aaO{ h:tf l;“rfO of]hgf lagf ljnDa ;DkGg ul/g'k5{ . v_ b]zdf /f;flogs dnsf] sf/vfgf gePsf] kl/k|]Io / dnsf] cfoftdf %)Ü cg'bfg

lbFbf;d]t dn cefj x'g] u/]sf] cj:yf ljBdfg 5 . ljZjsf] abln+bf] pkef]Stf ?lr cg';f/ g]kfnsf ljleGg ;Defjgf of]Uo If]qx?nfO{ Bio-Conservation Area sf] ?kdf cufl8 a9fO{ k|r'/ dfqfdf pTkfbg ug{ ;lsg] h}ljs dnsf] Jofks k|of]u tyf ljiffbLsf] k|of]u lgif]w ub}{ g]kfnnfO{ cuf{lgs s[lif k|j4{g -Organic Farming_ ug]{ b]zsf] ?kdf cufl8 a9fOg' kb{5 .

13


#=!( cGt/ k|b]z ;dGjo

#=@) a}+lsª tyf k'FhL ahf/

k|b]z–k|b]zaLr ¿kfGt/0f, cfly{s ljsf; Pjd\ nufgLsf nflu k|lt:kwf{ ug]{ jftfj/0f tof/ ug{k' b{5 . /fHo k'gM;+/rgf;Fu} k|fb]lzs of]hgf lgdf{0f / k|fs[lts ;|f]tsf] åGå/lxt afF8kmFf8 tyf ;b'kof]u x'g'kb{5 . :yfgLo tyf k|b]z ;/sf/nfO{ ;|f]t;DkGg agfpg xfnsf] s/sf] ;+/rgfdf j[l4 gu/L gofF cfly{s ultljlwx?sf] cj;/ l;h{gf ul/g'kb{5 .

s_ cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] k"FhL ahf/sf] ;+/rgf lgdf{0f ug{ xfnsf] g]K;]nfO{ lghLs/0f ul/g'kb{5 . k'FhL ahf/df j}b]lzs nufgL leœofpg'k5{ . cGt/ a}+lsª sf/f]af/nfO{ ;/n, ;'ne / ;:tf] agfO{ electronic payment k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ul/g'kb{5 . v_ g]kfndf :yflkt sDkgLx?nfO{ cGt/fli6«o k'FhL ahf/df Listing u/L cGt/f{li6«o k'FhL kl/rfng ug{ cg'dlt lbg' kb{5 .

#=@! Jofkf/ 3f6f

x'Fb} t];|f] d'n's;Fu x'g] kf/jxg Jofkf/df cfw'lgs ;"rgf k|ljlwsf] k|of]usf ;fy} ax'kIfLo :t/df ePsf ;D´f}tfsf k|fjwfg nfu" u/L Jofkf/ nfut sd ug{'kb{5 . ª_ rLg;Fusf] Jofkf/ 3f6f sd ub}{ låkIfLo Jofkf/ a9fpgsf nflu ljz]if kxn ug{ cfjZos b]lvG5 . ;fy} g]kfnL pTkfbgx?nfO{ cGt/f{li6«o d]nfdf ;xeflutf, j:t' k|j4{g / u'0f:t/ j[l4df ;xof]u ug]{ h:tf sfo{qmd NofOg' kb{5 . d'n'sleq g]kfnL j:t' / ;]jf k|j4{gsf nflu sf7df8f}“df cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] k|bz{gL :ynsf] zL3| lgdf{0f ul/g'kb{5 . r_ ef/t ;/sf/;Fu ;DkGg ePsf jfl0fHo ;lGw / kf/jxg ;D´f}tfsf sltko k|fjwfg c;fGble{s x'Fb} uPsf] ljifonfO{ dgg\ u/L ;D´f}tfsf] k'g/fjnf]sg u/L sfdofjL / k|efjsf/L agfpg cfjZos kxn ul/g' kb{5 .

s_ g]kfnsf] a9\bf] Jofkf/ 3f6f sd ug{sf nflu xfn eO/x]sf] v'Nnf cfoft gLltnfO{ kl/dfh{g u/L :jb]zL pTkfbgnfO{ k|f]T;fxg / cfoftnfO{ Regulate ug{] u/L xfnsf] gLlt kl/dfh{g ul/g'kb{5 . v_ Sjf/]G6fOg, vfB k/LIf0f / u'0f:t/ k/LIf0f;Fu ;DalGwt u}/–eG;f/ cj/f]wn] lgof{t k|efljt x'g] u/]sf]n] oL ;d:ofx? ;dfwfg ug{ kxn ug{'k5{ . ;fy} jfl0fHo gLltsf] lkmtnf] sfof{Gjogdf ;'wf/ u/L 5'§} kf/jxg gLlt Nofpg'kb{5 . u_ lgof{tof]Uo j:t'sf] pTkfbg, ltgsf] kl/df0f / u'0f:t/sf] kof{Kttf Pjd\ pTkfbg nfut / kf/jxg vr{ -Delivery Cost_ sf] Go"gtf sfod ug{ ;/sf/L ;xof]u / ;lqmo ;xeflutf x'g' h?/L 5 . 3_ ef/t;Fu eO/x]sf] låkIfLo Jofkf/ / ef/t

14


$

;d[l4sf nflu ;'zf;g $=! sfg'gdf ;'wf/

s_ pBf]u Joj;fo btf{ / ;~rfng ug]{ k|lqmofsf] ;/nLs/0f, k|lqmof k'u]sf nufgLnfO{ :jtM :jLs[lt;Ddsf] Joj:yf ul/g'kb{5 . /fHoaf6 k|fKt x'g] cGo ;]jf l56f] 5l/tf] lsl;dn] k|fKt ug{ cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, j}b]lzs nufgL P]g tyf lgodfjnLdf cfjZos ;'wf/ ul/g'kb{5 . k|b]z / :yfgLo txdf pBf]u Joj;fosf] btf{ Ps} lbgleq ug]{ Joj:yf x'g'kb{5 .

v_ pBdL, Joj;foL jf s/bftfaf6 e"njz ePsf q'l6x?sf nflu y'g5]s ug]{, tfl/vdf cN´fpg] / dfgl;s ?kn] xtf]T;fx kfg]{ sfo{ unt x'g\ . o;nfO{ /f]Sg ljBdfg P]g sfg'g klxrfg u/L ltgdf ;'wf/ ul/g'kb{5 .

$=@ /fhgLlts g]t[Tjn] ug{'kg]{ sfd

kl/;+3 zf;gsf ;Gbe{df /fhgLlts g]t[Tjn] gjlgjf{lrt g]t[TjnfO{ ;Qf ;~rfngsf nflu tflnd lbg'kg]{ b]V5 . lgjf{lrt g]t[Tjn] nf]stflGqs cfr/0f / :j–cg'zf;gsf] kfngf ug]{, lj1 ;Nnfxsf/ lgo'lQm ug]{, gLltsf] lg/Gt/tfsf] nflu an ug]{, ljlwsf] zf;g :yfkgf ug]{, b08xLgtfsf] cGTo ug]{, sd{rf/L ;?jf Jojl:yt ug]{, ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfg tyf lgsfodf cg'ejL JolQmsf] lgo'lQm ug]{ kl/kf6Lsf] kfngf ug'{kb{5 . ;fy} larf}lnof dfly lgoGq0f ug]{, ljsf; lgdf{0f cfof]hgfdf x:tIf]ksf] cGTo ug]{, /fli6«o uf}/jsf cfof]hgf Joj:yfkg ;'wf/ ug]{, /fHosf] tna vfP/ /fhgLlt ug{ /f]s nufpg], lghfdtL k|zf;g, ;'/Iff lgsfo / z}lIfs ;+:yfsf] r/d /fhgLtLs/0f cGTo ug]{ h:tf sfo{x? ug{'kg]{df kl/;+3 hf]8 lbG5 .

$=# ;/sf/L labfdf s6f}tL ;/sf/L labfdf s6f}tL u/L jif{el/df ;fj{hlgs labf !% -kGw|_ lbg tyf kj{ labf #) -tL;_ lbg dfq x'g] Joj:yf ul/g'kb{5 . o;f] ubf{ /fli6«o cy{tGqdf tTsfn ;sf/fTds c;/ b]vf kg]{ xfd|f] ljZjf; 5 .

15


%

;'/Iff tyf j"m6gLltsf] b[li6sf]0fn] Wofg lbg'kg]{ s'/fx?

rLg / ef/t blIf0f Pl;ofd} /0fgLlts?kdf cufl8 al9/x]sf] jt{dfg kl/l:yltdf pgLx?;Fusf] ;DaGw ;Gt'lnt kfb}{ cGt/f{li6«o cft+sjfb, /fli6«o ljv08gjfb / cGo ck/fwx? lgoGq0f ug{' cfufdL s]xL jif{sf] nflu xfd|f] d'Vo ;'/Iff r'gf}tL x'g]5 . o; kl/k|]Iodf l5d]sL d'n'sx?;Fusf] ;DaGwnfO{ c´} k|uf9 / kf/:kl/s ljZjf;df cfwfl/t agfpFb} cft+sjfb / /fli6«o ljv08gjfb h:tf

16

ljs[ltnfO{ k/f:t ug{ cfk;L ;xof]u hf/L /fVg'k5{ . rLg / ef/t;Fusf] ;DaGw k|uf9 agfpg pRr:t/Lo jftf{x? ug]{, ;'/Iff lgsfox?nfO{ ;"rgf k|ljlwsf ;fwg;lxt c´} dha't agfpg], l5d]sL d'n'sx?;Fu ck/fwnufotsf ;'/Iff;DaGwL 8f6fa];x? cfbfg–k|bfg ug]{, /fli6«o ;'/Iff gLlt ;dofg's"n kl/dfh{g ug]{ / pRr:t/Lo k//fi6«gLlt k'g/fjnf]sg sfo{bnsf] k|ltj]bgsf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog ug{'kb{5.


v08

o; v08df ;dfj]z ePsf sfg'gx¿df ug'{kg]{ ;'wf/;DaGwL ljifo kl/;+3sf] ;+:yfut cjwf/0ff xf] . o; cjwf/0ff lgdf{0fdf kl/;+3 k|a'4 kl/ifb\sf] ;+nUgtf 5}g .

17


18


19


vf/]h ug'{kg]{ P]gx? !– ljb]zdf nufgL ug{ k|ltaGw nufpg] P]g, @)@! @– sfnf]ahf/ tyf s]xL cGo ;fdflhs ck/fw tyf ;hfo P]g, @)#@ #– lgsf;L k}7f/L -lgoGq0f_ P]g, @)!# $– cfjZos j:t' ;+/If0f P]g, @)!@ %– cfjZos kbfy{ lgoGq0f -clwsf/_ P]g, @)!& ^– dlb/f P]g, @)!& ;flassf P]gx?df Jofks ;'wf/ ug'{kg]{ jf vf/]h u/L gofF lgdf{0f ug'{'kg]{ !– af]g; P]g, @)#) @– k]6]G6 l8hfOg / 6]«8dfs{ P]g, @)@@ #– g]kfn Ph]G;L P]g, @)!$ $– cf}}iflw P]g, @)#% %– /fh:j Gofoflws/0f P]g, @)#! ^– ;fj{hlgs vl/b P]g, @)^# gofF lgdf{0f ug'{'kg]{ sfg'gx? !– PG6L 8lDkª sfg'g @– Ifltk"lt{ sfg'g #– ;fj{hlgs–lghL ;f´]bf/L sfg'g $– s/f/ sfg'g ljBdfg P]gdf ul/g'kg]{ ;''wf/ -tLg dxn] v08_ !– pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f P]g, @)%$ @– cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, @)&# #– e"ld;DaGwL P]g, @)@! $– cGtMz'Ns P]g, @)%* %– vfB P]g, @)@# ^– a}+lsª s;'/ tyf ;hfo P]g, @)^$ &– a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] C0f c;'nL P]g, @)%* *– eG;f/ P]g, @)^$ (– d"No clej[l4 P]g, @)%@ !)– ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f -dgL nfpG8l/ª_ lgjf/0f P]g, @)^$ !!– hUuf k|flKt P]g, @)#$ !@– cfos/ P]g, @)%* !#– sDkgL P]g, @)^# !$– >d P]g, @)&$ !%– k"jf{wf/ ;+/rgfsf] lgdf{0f tyf ;~rfngdf lghL nufgL;DaGwL P]g, @)^# !^– k|lt:kwf{ k|j4{g tyf ahf/ ;+/If0f P]g, @)^# !&– bfgf kbfy{ P]g, @)## !*– nufgL af]8{ P]g, @)^* !(– cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo ljsf; k|lti7fg P]g, @)%# @)– /fh:j r'xfj6 -cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq0f_ P]g, @)%@ @!– jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)%$

20


cfly{s ;d[l4sf] nflu k|lts"n b]lvPsf s]xL P]g sfg'gdf ug'{kg]{ ;+zf]wgsf ;Gbe{df g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3sf] ;'´fj d'n'ssf] zf;g Joj:yfsf] k'gM;+/rgf;Fu} /fli6«o /fhgLlt l:y/tftkm{ pGd'v ePsf] ;Gbe{df casf] p2]Zo b|'t cfly{s ljsf; g} xf] . b]zn] @)$* ;fnb]lv lg/Gt/ ljZjJofkLs/0f, pbf/Ls/0f / v'nfahf/df cfwfl/t cfly{s gLlt cjnDag u/]sf] oyfy{tfdf cf}Bf]lus / cfly{s ljsf;sf] ;Dafxssf ?kdf /x]sf] lghL If]qsf] ljsf; ug'{sf] ljsNk 5}g . oxL k[i7e"ldnfO{ dgg\ ub}{ cf}Bf]lus nufgL j[l4, s'n ufx{:y pTkfbg j[l4, /f]huf/L l;h{gf, j}b]lzs Jofkf/ / /fh:jdf lghL If]qn] k'¥ofpg ;Sg] of]ubfgsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf] cfly{s ljsf;sf] d"n OlGhg lghL If]q g} xf] eGg] tYo :jod\ g]kfn ;/sf/ / g]kfnL ;dfhn] ;d]t :jLsf/]sf] 5 . g]kfnn] sl/a $) jif{ cufl8 IMF / World Bank ;Fusf] Structural Adjustment Program, sl/a @% jif{ cuf8L IMF ;Fu u/]sf]

Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility Loan

cGtu{t ePsf] ;D´f}tf, Washington Convention / ;fy} sl/a !$ jif{ cufl8 WTO sf] ;b:otf k|fKt u/L cfly{s pbf/Ls/0f / Program

ahf/d'vL cy{tGqsf] cjwf/0ffdf k|lta4 eO{ k6sk6s ;xdlt hgfpFb} cfPsf] 5 . cf}Bf]lus ljsf;sf] cfwf/e"t :tDe cyf{t\ ljZjJofkLs/0f, pbf/Ls/0f / lghLs/0f x'g\ . pQm s'/f l5d]sL d'n'sx? ef/t, rLg tyf cGo ljsl;t d'n'sx?n] xfl;n u/]sf] cfly{s ;d[l4

21


Pjd\ tL d'n'sx?df clwstd /f]huf/L lghL If]qåf/f l;h{gf ePsf]af6 k|dfl0ft eO;s]sf] 5 . ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3n] @)!^ df 3f]if0ff u/]sf] lbuf] ljsf; nIf sfo{qmdnfO{ sfof{Gjog ug{ cf}Bf]lus jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ug'{ ckl/xfo{ 5 . g]kfndf cf}Bf]lus ljsf;sf] nflu ljleGg ;dodf cf}Bf]lus gLltx? lgdf{0f x'Fb} cfPsf] / gLlt sfof{Gjogsf] ;Gbe{df cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g @)#*, cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g @)$(, cf}Bf]lus ljsf;sf] k|d'v cfwf/–:tDe c;n >d ;DaGw ljsf;sf] nflu ;flassf] sf/vfgf tyf sf/vfgfdf sfd ug]{ dhb'/;DaGwL P]g @)!^ nfO{ k|lt:yfkg ub}{ >d P]g @)$* / ;fy} 6«]8 o'lgog P]g, @)$( hf/L ePsf] lyof] . tL sfg'gx?df ;do;fk] If ;'wf/ u/L Jofj;flos jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ug{ k'gM gofF cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, @)&# / gofF >d P]g, @)&$ hf/L ePsf] 5 . t/ cGo sfg'gx?sf] lgdf{0f jf eO/x]sf Jofj;flos jftfj/0f k|lts"nsf sfg'gx?sf] vf/]hL÷;+zf]wg gePsf]n] cf}Bf]lus jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug]{ cleofg ck"/f] cj:yfdf 5 eg] cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]gdf ;'ljwf lbg] ls6fg eP klg cy{ dGqfnon] cfly{s P]gnfO{ dfq lrGg] eGg] ePaf6 pknAw ;'ljwf klg k|of]u ug{af6 pBf]uL Joj;foL al~rt x'g'kg]{ oyfy{tf 5 . ljutsf ;/sf/n] k6sk6s cGt/f{li6«o :t/df k|lta4tf hgfPsf] ePtf klg k|lta4tf cg'?k j:t' jf ;]jfsf] d"No tf]Sg] k|yf cGTo ub}{ ahf/df cfwfl/t d"No k|0ffnL nfu" ug]{, j}b]lzs Jofkf/ v'nf ug]{, j}b]lzs nufgL a9fpg], s/sf b/x?df s6f}tL ug]{, eG;f/ b/df s6f}tL ug]{ h:tf cfly{s pbf/Ls/0f Pjd\ ahf/d'vL cy{tGqsf l;4fGtx? nfu" ug]{ sfg'gsf] cefj / b;sf}+ cufl8 leGg kl/j]zdf ag]sf pko'{Qm l;4fGt k|lts"nsf sfg'gx? xfn;Dd ljBdfg /lx/x]sf] x'Fbf ck]lIft ?kdf sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .

22

ljleGg sfnv08df hf/L ePsf] g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfgx?df lghL If]qsf] dfWodaf6 cfly{s ;d[l4 xfl;n ug]{ p2]ZonfO{ c+uLsf/ ul/Psf] / gful/ssf] df}lns xscGtu{t ;DklQ cfh{g ug]{ / /f]huf/, Joj;fo ug]{ :jtGqtfsf] k|Tofe"t ul/Psf], ;a}h;f] /fhgLlts bnsf] 3f]if0ffkqdf ;d]t o;nfO{ k|d'v d'2fsf] ?kdf p7fOPsf] kfOG5 . t/ klg p2]Zo xfl;n ug{sf] nflu gofF sfg'g lgdf{0f ug]{ / k|lts"n sfg'gsf] ;+zf]wg÷vf/]hL ug]{ sfo{df ;/sf/, ;+;b\ tyf /fhgLlts bnx?sf] ;lqmotf Pjd\ P]Soa4tfsf] sdLn] ubf{ ;/sf/åf/f lgolGqt cy{ Joj:yf nfu" /x]sf] ;dodf jf k~rfotsfndf hf/L ePsf / @)$^ ;fnkl5 tTsfnLg kl/l:yltnfO{ dWogh/ u/L ag]sf] ePtf klg xfnsf] ;Gbe{df pBf]u Joj;fo ljsf;sf] afwssf] ?kdf /x]sf sltko sfg'gx? cBflk k|rngdf /lx/x]sf] sf/0faf6 g]kfnsf] cf}Bf]lus÷cfly{s ljsf;df jfwf k'u]sf]n] pBf]u Joj;fod}qL sfg'g lgdf{0f ug{ / afwssf] ?kdf /x]sf sfg'gx? ;+zf]wg÷vf/]h ug{sf] nflu kl/;+3n] ljleGg kmf]/ddfkm{t cfjfh p7fpg'sf ;fy;fy} /fhgLlts bn, ;/sf/ k|d'v tyf ;Da4 dGqfnosf dGqLHo"x?df Wofgfsif{0f u/fpFb} cfPsf] Joxf]/f :d/0ffy{ cg'/f]w ub{5f}“ . d'n'ssf] cfly{s, cf}Bf]lus Pjd\ lghL If]qsf] Jofj;flos ljsf;sf nflu cg's"n tyf ;do ;fk]If gePsf, sfg'g sfof{Gjog ug]{ clwsf/Lsf] thlahL clwsf/nfO{ k|>o lbg] / k|zf;lgs hl6ntf pTkGg ug]{, Ps} ljifodf PseGbf a9L sfg'gåf/f sf/afxL, cg';Gwfg ug]{ Joj:yf / leGgleGg ;hfosf] Joj:yf / sfg'glkR5] cnu cnu lgsfosf] If]qflwsf/ /xg] Joj:yf /x]sf] xfn ljBdfg ljleGg sfg'gx?sf] sf/0faf6 pBf]uL Joj;foL lg?T;flxt 5g\ . t;y{ To:tf sfg'gx? tTsfn ;+zf]wg, kl/dfh{g / vf/]h ul/g'kg]{ / ;fy} s]xL pBf]u Joj;foL d}qL sfg'gx? tTsfn lgdf{0f x'gk' g]{ cfjZostf 5 .


s;'/bf/nfO{ s;'/sf] k|s[lt / dfqfcg';f/ b08 ul/g'kb{5 eGg] s'/fdf kl/;+3 ljZjf; /fVb5 . t/ xfn ljBdfg sltko sfg'gx?df b08sf ;j{dfGo l;4fGt -Retributive Penology, Principle of Proportional Justice_ ljk/Lt hl/afgfsf] ;hfo g} kof{Kt x'g] vfnsf cfly{s÷Jofj;flos s;'/df ;d]t s}b ug]{, To:t} lgotjz ul/Psf] sfo{ / e'na; ul/Psf] sfo{aLr leGgtf 5'6\ofpg] Joj:yf geO{ Ps} sf]6Ldf /fvL b08 ;hfo ug]{, To;} u/L pBf]u Jofj;fosf] l;nl;nfdf x'g uPsf ;fdfGo / dfgjLo q'l6x?nfO{ klg kmf}hbf/L s;'/df kl/eflift u/L s}bs} ;hfo x'g] Joj:yf /x]sf 5g\ . h;n] ubf{ Psflt/ s;'/ / b08 ;hfoaLr ;Gt'ng b]lvFb}g eg] csf]{lt/ s}b Joj:yfs} cf8df cg';Gwfgstf{n] pBf]uL Joj;foLnfO{ kqmfp ug]{, k|f/lDes cg';Gwfg gx'Fb} y'gfdf /xg'kg]{, OHht k|lti7fdf cfFr k'Ug] / cGttM Joj;fo g} aGb x'g hfg] h:tf sfg'gL Joj:yfaf6 cf}Bf]lus jftfj/0fdf k|lts"n c;/ k/]sf] x'Fbf To:tf] sfg'gx? ;+zf]wg÷vf/]h x'g' kg]{ cfjZostf 5 . ;fy} ;+ljwfgadf]lhd k|b]z / :yfgLo txn] cf–cfgf] sfd k|f/De ul/;s]sf] / ;fy} cf–cfgf] clwsf/cGtu{t sfg'g lgdf{0f / sfof{Gjog ;'? ul/;s]sf] ;Gbe{df ;d]t Jofj;foLs jftfj/0f k|lts"nsf cd"t{, c:ki6, lj/f]wfefifk"0f{ / ck|f;fª\lus sfg'gx?sf] tTsfn ;+zf]wg÷vf/]h u/L Jofj;foLs jftfj/0f lgdf{0fsf] nflu Gofof]lrt / :ki6 sfg'gL Joj:yf ug{ l9nfO ug{ gx'g] kl/;+3sf] ;'´fj 5 . lghL If]qsf] dfu pTkfbgzLn 9+un] cy{tGqdf ;lqmo u/fpg ljlwsf] zf;g -Rule of Law_, k|efjsf/L ;'zf;g -Effective Good Governance_ / gLltut l:y/tf -Policy Consistency_ xf] . pk/f]Qm tLgj6f dfu k"/f ug{sf nflu xfn b]zdf ljBdfg /x]sf P]g sfg'gdf ePsf

Jofj;foLs jftfj/0f k|lts"nsf cd"t{, c:ki6, lj/f]wfefifk"0f{ / ck|f;fª\lus P]g tyf tL P]g cGtu{tsf lgodx¿ tTsfn ;+zf]wg, kl/dfh{g jf vf/]h ug{sf] nflu tyf nufgLsf] jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug{sf] nflu tTsfn lgdf{0f x'g'kg]{ gofF sfg'gx?sf] ;DaGwdf lgDglnlvt /fo ;'´fj k]; u/]sf 5f}“ .

k|:t't ;'´fj lgDglnlvt p2]Zox?df s]lGb|t 5 M !=

@= #= $= %=

^= &= *=

cfly{s pbf/Ls/0f / v'nf ahf/ cy{ Joj:yfsf] l;4fGt k|lts"nsf] Joj:yf x6fpg] . Ps} ljifodf PseGbf a9L sfg'gx?df ul/Psf] Joj:yfnfO{ x6fpg] . sf/afxL, b08 ;hfo / If]qflwsf/ ;DalGwt ljifout sfg'gsf] Joj:yfadf]lhd x'gk' g]{ . ljifout sfg'gsf] Joj:yf k|efljt x'g] u/L cGo sfg'gdf ul/Psf] Joj:yf x6fpg] . e"naz x'g uPsf] q'l6 / lgotjz ul/Psf] sfg'g k|lts"nsf] sfo{nfO{ Ps} sf]6Ldf /fvL s;'/ / b08 ;hfo ug]{ Joj:yf x6fpg] . thlahL clwsf/nfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug]{ / sd{rf/LnfO{ lhDd]jf/ agfpg] . cgfjZos / ´G´l6nf k|zf;lgs k|lqmofnfO{ x6fpg] . Joj;fosf] l;nl;nfdf cfly{s nfesf] p2]Zoaf6 ePsf] s;'/hGo sfo{df Retributive

Penology,

Principle

of

sf] l;4fGtcg';f/ dgfl;j /sd hl/afgf ug]{ / s}bsf] Joj:yf x6fpg] . Jofj;flos sfd sf/afxLsf] cg';Gwfgsf] l;nl;nfdf 5fkf dfg],{ vfgtnf;L lng], l;naGbL ug],{ kqmfp ug]{ h:tf sfo{n] pBf]uL Jofj;foLsf] Joj;fo, OHht k|lti7f / cfly{s sf/f]af/ k|efljt x'g] x'Fbf o:tf] k|lqmofnfO{{ Go"gLs/0f ug]{ . Proportional Justice

(=

23


vf/]h ug'{kg]{ P]gx? !=

ljb]zdf nufgL ug{ k|ltaGw nufpg] P]g, @)@! cfheGbf sl/a %# jif{cufl8 lgof]lht cy{ Joj:yf ePsf] ;dodf ag]sf] pQm P]g pbf/ cy{ Joj:yfsf] efjgf k|lts"n 5 . g]kfnLnfO{ ljb]zdf nufgL ug{ v'nf ul/Pdf ;xsfo{sf] ?kdf ;d]t g]kfndf ljb]zL nufgL clej[l4 x'G5 . jt{dfg kl/k|]Iodf g]kfnLn] ljb]zdf ;d]t pBf]u Joj;fo lj:tf/ ug{ kfpg'kg]{ / g]kfnL gful/sn] cGo d'n'sdf Jofkf/ lj:tf/ u/]sf] v08df :jfefljs ?kdf b]zsf] cy{tGqdf ;sf/fTds k|efj kg]{, g]kfndf ljb]zL nufgL j[l4 ug{ ;xof]u k'U5 . ;fy} xfn b]vf k/]sf] cgf}krfl/s dfWodaf6 ljb]zdf nufgL ug]{ k|j[lQ aGb x'g] / ljb]zdf ePsf] nufgL / k|ltkmn k'gM d'n'sleq lkmtf{ x'g] dfu{ k|z:t ug]{ x'Fbf o;n] ;du| cy{tGqdf ;sf/fTds k|efj k5{ . t;y{ ljb]zdf nufgL ug{ k|ltaGw nufpg] P]g, @)@! vf/]h u/L g]kfnL gful/s jf sDkgLn] ljb]zdf nufgL ug{ kfpg] Joj:yf;lxtsf] gofF ljb]zdf nufgL Joj:yfkg ug]{ P]g lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ .

@=

sfnf]ahf/ tyf s]xL cGo ;fdflhs ck/fw tyf ;hfo P]g, @)#@ pBf]uL Joj;foL tyf pkef]Qmf b'js } f] lxt k|lts"nsf] sfo{ xf] . o;nfO{ lg/fs/0f ug'k{ 5{ eGg] kl/;+3sf] :ki6 wf/0ff 5 . t/ xfn ljBdfg /x]sf] sfnf]ahf/ tyf s]xL cGo ;fdflhs ck/fw tyf ;hfo P]g, @)#@ lgof]lht cy{ Joj:yf ePsf] / c~rnfwLzsf] cfb]zaf6 g} pBf]uL Joj;foLx? dfly lgoGq0f ug]{ / tTsfn axfn /x]sf cGo sfg'gx?sf] sdL sdhf]/L Pjd\ l/Qmtf k"tL{ ug{sf] nflu lgdf{0f ePsf] xf] . t/ xfn b]zsf] cfly{s, /fhgLlts Pjd\ Jofj;flos cjwf/0ffx?df

Unfair Business Practice

24

kl/jt{g eO;s]sf], d'ns ' ljZj ahf/df k|jz ] ul/;s]sf] cj:yf 5 . ;fy} pQm P]gn] s;'/hGo sfo{ egL kl/eflift u/]sf sltko sfo{ cfly{s pbf/Ls/0f / ahf/ d'vL cy{ Joj:yfsf] kl/k|I] odf s;'/hGo ck/fw dfGg gldNg] cj:yf klg 5 . d"n?kdf of] sfg'gsf] bkmf -@_ n] sfnf] ahf/, bkmf -#_ n] gfkmfvf]/L, bkmf -$_ n] dfna:t'sf] ljrng, bkmf -%_ n] hDdfvf]/L tyf s[lqd cefj, bkmf -^_ n] ´'SofO{ laqmL ljt/0f / bkmf -&_ n] cf}iflwdf ld;fj6 ug]{ sfo{x?nfO{ s;'/hGo sfo{sf] ?kdf kl/eflift u/]sf]df pko'Q{ m sfo{x?nfO{ of] eGbf kl5 ag]sf jf kl5 ;+zf]wg ul/Psf lgDglnlvt sfg'gx?af6 To:tf sfo{x?nfO{ lgoGq0f ug]{ ljz]if Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . -s_ pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f P]g, @)%$ sf] bkmf -&_ n] dfu cfk"lt{ jf d"Nodf k|lts"n k|efj kfg{ gx'g], bkmf -*_ pkef]Uo j:t' jf ;]jfsf] cfk"lt{nfO{ Jojl:yt tyf lgolGqt ug]{ clwsf/, bkmf -(_ pkef]Uo j:t'df pNn] v ug'{kg]{ s'/fx?, bkmf -!)_ n] pkef]Uo j:t' jf ;]jfsf] ;DaGwdf ug{ gx'g] sfd, bkmf -!!_ n] pkef]Uo j:t' jf ;]jfsf] u'0f:t/, bkmf -!@_ n] d"No ;"rL /fVg'kg]{ / ;f]sf] lgoGq0f, cg';Gwfg, cg'udg ug]{ Joj:yf ;lxt s;}n] ;f]sf] k|lts"n sfd u/]df ;hfosf] efuLbf/ x'g] / Ifltk"lt{ Joxf]g{ kg]{ ;lxtsf] Joj:yf 5 . -v_ cf}iflw P]g, @)#% n] cf}iflwsf] d"No, u'0f:t/, pknAwtf ;DaGwdf Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 / ;f]sf] lgoGq0f, cg';Gwfg, cg'udg ug]{ Joj:yf;lxt s;}n] ;f] P]gsf] k|lts"n sfd u/]df ;hfosf] efuLbf/ x'g] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . -u_

;jf/L tyf oftfoft Joj:yf P]g @)$( sf] bkmf (^ n] a9L ef8f lng gx'g] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 .


-3_ s;}sf] hLp–Hofgdf c;/ kg]{ u/L s'g} sfd ePdf d'n'sL P]g Hofg;DaGwLsf] dxnadf]lhd ;hfo x'g] Joj:yf 5 .

$=

of] P]geGbf kl5 ag]sf] pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f P]g, @)%$ / k|lt:kwf{ k|j4{g tyf ahf/ ;+/If0f P]g, @)^# nfu" eO;s]sf] kl/k|]Iodf Ps} ljifodf w]/} sfg'gsf] ljBdfgtf cfjZos gePsf]n] lgof]lht cy{ Joj:yf /x]sf] ;dodf lgdf{0f ul/Psf] cfjZos j:t' ;+/If0f P]g, @)!@ vf/]h ug'{kg]{] .

-ª_ k|lt:kwf{ k|j4{g tyf ahf/ ;+/If0f P]g, @)^# sfof{Gjogdf cfO;s]sf] 5 / ;f] P]gsf] kl/R5]b @ df :jR5 k|lt:kwf{ lj?4sf sfo{x?nfO{ s;'/ dfgL ;hfo ug]{ Joj:yf 5 . dfly plNnlvt cGo ljifout sfg'gn] tt\sfg'g ljk/Lt ePsf sfo{sf] ;DaGwdf sf/afxL / ;hfosf] ljz]if Joj:yf ul/;s]sf] x'Fbf ltg} ljifodf sfnf]ahf/ tyf s]xL cGo ;fdflhs ck/fw / ;hfo P]g, @)#@ sfod /flv/xg cfjZos 5}g . ctM sfnf]ahf/ tyf s]xL cGo ;fdflhs ck/fw / ;hfo P]g, @)#@ sf] k|fjwfgx? pBf]u Joj;fo;Fu ;DalGwt cGo k|rlnt g]kfn sfg'g, g]kfnn] k|lta4tf hgfPsf dfly plNnlvt b:tfj]hx?sf] k|lts"n /x]sf], ljutsf] cg'ejaf6 o;nfO{ b]z / hgtfsf] lxtdfeGbf pBf]uL Joj;foLk|lt k|ltzf]w ;fFWg] c:qsf] ?kdf k|of]u eO{ Jofj;flos jftfj/0fdf gsf/fTds k|efj kf/]sf] x'Fbf of] P]g vf/]h ug'{kg]{ .

#=

%=

cfjZos kbfy{ lgoGq0f -clwsf/_ P]g, @)!& of] P]geGbf kl5 ag]sf] pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f P]g, @)%$ / k|lt:kwf{ k|j4{g tyf ahf/ ;+/If0f P]g, @)^# nfu" eO;s]sf] kl/k|]Iodf Ps} ljifodf w]/} sfg'gsf] ljBdfgtf cfjZos gePsf]n] lgof]lht cy{ Joj:yf /x]sf] ;dodf lgdf{0f ul/Psf] cfjZos j:t' ;+/If0f P]g, @)!@ vf/]h ug'{kg]{ .

^=

dlb/f P]g, @)!& of] P]gsf] Joj:yf cGtz'Ns P]g, @)%* df g} ;d]l6Psf] x'Fbf o:sf] cfjZostf gePsf]n] vf/]h ug'{kg]{ . pRr:t/Lo s/ k|0ffnL k'g/fjnf]sg cfof]u, @)&! sf] k|ltj]bgn] klg pQm P]g cfjZos gePsf]n] vf/]h ug]{ ;'´fj k]; u/]sf] 5 .

lgsf;L k}7f/L -lgoGq0f_ P]g, @)!# g]kfn ljZj Jofkf/ ;+u7gsf] ;b:o e};s]sf], ljleGg cGt/f{li6«o dxf;lGw tyf ax'kIfLo / låkIfLo ;D´f}tfåf/f cGt/f{{li6«o Jofkf/;DaGwL gLlt / l;4fGtx?nfO{ :jLsf/ ul/;s]sf] kl/k|]Iodf pQm gLlt / l;4fGtx?sf] cwLgdf /xL ;do–;fk]If ?kdf lgsf;L k}7f/LnfO{ Jojl:yt u/L g]kfnsf] pBf]u Joj;fosf] ;+/If0f ub}{ b]zsf] Jofkf/ 3f6fnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{ ljifout sfg'gx?sf] Joj:yfcg';f/ g} j}b]lzs Jofkf/sf] ljsf; tyf lgoldt ug'{ ;fGble{s x'g] ePsf]n] lglZrt p2]Zo / dfkb08 ls6fg ul/Psf] lgsf;L k}7f/L -lgoGq0f_ P]g @)!# c;fGble{s x'Fbf vf/]h ug'{kg]{ .

cfjZos j:t' ;+/If0f P]g, @)!@

;flassf P]gx?df Jofks ;'wf/ ug{'kg]{ jf vf/]h u/L gofF agfpg' kg]{ !=

af]g; P]g, @)#) xfn axfn /x]sf] af]g; P]g, @)#) nfO{ vf/]h u/L cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, @)&#, >d P]g, @)&$ / of]ubfgdf cfwfl/t ;fdflhs ;'/Iff P]g, @)&$ sf] Joj:yf;Fu tfbfTDo x'g] u/L ;+zf]wg ug{ jf gofF P]g agfpg' kg]{ .

@=

k]6G] 6 l8hfOg / 6«8] dfs{ P]g, @)@@ g]kfn kIf /x]sf] ljZj af}l4s ;DklQ ;+u7g -WIPO_, cf}Bf]lus ;DklQ ;+/If0f;DaGwL k]l/; dxf;lGw -Paris Convention_,

25


;'wf/ x'g'kg]{ s'/f lghL If]q / ;fy} ;/sf/af6 ;d]t k6sk6s pl7/fv]sf] / kl/;+3 nufot ljleGg ;+3;+:yfaf6 P]gsf] d:of}bf eO{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx? aLr cGt/lqmof Pjd\ 5nkmn klg eO{;s]sf] 5 . ctM pQm P]g vf/]h u/L ;+l3o ;+/rgf ;lxt gofF agfpg' kg]{ .

ljZj Jofkf/ ;+u7gn] c+uLsf/ u/]sf] TRIPs tyf xfn} dfq g]kfn ;/sf/af6 :jLs[t /fli6«o af}l4s ;DklQ gLlt, @)&# df pNn]lvt gLlt / Joj:yf sfof{Gjog ug{sf] nflu ;flassf] k]6G] 6, l8hfOg / 6«8] dfs{ P]g, @)@@ df Jofks ;+zf]wg ug'k{ g]{ jf gofF P]g lgdf{0f ug'k{ g]{ .

#=

g]kfn Ph]G;L P]g, @)!$

^= ;fj{hlgs vl/b P]g, @)^#

sl/a ^) jif{cl3 tTsfnLg cfjZostfg';f/ ag]sf] g]kfn Ph]G;L P]g, @)!$ ljZjJofkLs/0fsf] xfnsf] ;Gbe{df ckof{Kt /x]sf]n] pQm P]gnfO{ vf/]h u/L gofF P]g lgdf{0f ug'k{ g]{ .

$=

cf}iflw P]g, @)#% ljZjdf tLj| ultdf ePsf] cf}iflwsf] ljsf; / ;fy} dfgj tyf kz'kIfLsf] :jf:Yof]krf/df k|of]u x'g] ljleGg k|sf/sf u'0f:t/Lo cf}iflwx? :jb]zd} pTkfbg eO/x]sf] ;Gbe{df sl/a $) jif{cl3 lgdf{0f ePsf] cf}iflw P]g, @)#% jt{dfg cj:yfdf ckof{Kt b]lvPsf] / ;fy} d'n's ;+3Lo ;+/rgfdf k|j]z u/]sf] / ;+ljwfgn] k|b]z / :yfgLo txnfO{ ;d]t :jf:Yo / cf}iflw;DaGwL clwsf/ k|bfg u/]sf] ;Gbe{df cf}iflw P]g, @)#% df Jofks ;+zf]wg ug'{kg]{ jf vf/]h u/L gofF lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ . cf}iflwx? :jb]zd} pTkfbg eO/x]sf] ;Gbe{df sl/a $) jif{cl3 lgdf{0f ePsf] cf}iflw P]g, @)#% jt{dfg cj:yfdf ckof{Kt b]lvPsf] / ;fy} d'n's ;+3Lo ;+/rgfdf k|j]z u/]sf] / ;+ljwfgn] k|b]z / :yfgLo txnfO{ ;d]t :jf:Yo / cf}iflw;DaGwL clwsf/ k|bfg u/]sf] ;Gbe{df cf}iflw P]g, @)#% df Jofks ;+zf]wg ug'{kg]{ jf vf/]h u/L gofF lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ .

%=

/fh:j Gofoflws/0f P]g, @)#! /fh:j Gofoflws/0f P]g, @)#! nfO{ vf/]h u/L ;f]sf] Joj:yf, If]qflwsf/ Pjd\ cWoIf tyf ;b:ox?sf] of]Uotf tyf ;]jf ;t{sf] ;d]t ;do–;fk]If ?kdf

26

:jb]zL pTkfbg k|j4{gsf nflu nufgLstf{nfO{ cfslif{t ug{ dfn;fdfg jf lgdf{0fsf] d"Nofª\sg cfwf/ j}1flgs Pjd\ Jofjxfl/s agfpg'kg],{ :jb]zL pTkfbg vl/b ug]{ afWofTds Joj:yf ul/g'kg],{ 36L d"NonfO{ af]nkq :jLs[ltsf] k|dv ' cfwf/ dflgg] Joj:yfdf kl/dfh{g u/L u'0f:t/nfO{ k|dv ' cfwf/ agfpg'kg],{ ;fj{hlgs – lghL ;f´]bf/LcGtu{tsf kl/of]hgf tyf cGo 7"nf kl/of]hgfsf] nflu dfn;fdfg / lgdf{0f vl/bsf] k|lqmof;DaGwdf cGt/f{li6«o k|rlnt l;4fGt / dfGotf cg'?k ljz]if Joj:yf ul/g'kg]{ cfjZostf /x]sf] ;Gbe{df xfn axfn /x]sf] ;fj{hlgs vl/b P]g, @)^# / ;fj{hlgs vl/b lgodfjnL, @)^$ sf] Joj:yfdf Jofks ;'wf/ x'gk' g]{ jf pQm sfg'gx? vf/]h u/L pko'Q{ m Joj:yf;lxtsf] gofF sfg'g lgdf{0f x'g' cfjZos 5 .

gofF lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ sfg'gx? !=

PG6L 8lDkª sfg'g c:jefljs jf ;fdfGo d"NoeGbf 36L d"Nodf dfnj:t' lgof{t ug]{ sfo{ Dumping xf] . o;af6 cfoftstf{ d'ns ' sf] :jb]zL pBf]unfO{ cf3ft k'Ug] x'Fbf o:nfO{ lgoGq0f u/L :jb]zL pBf]unfO{ ;+/If0f k|bfg ug{ WTO sf ;b:o /fi6«x?n] Anti Dumping ;DaGwL sfg"g lgdf{0f ug{ ;Sg] Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 . WTO sf clwsfª\; ;b:o /fi6«x?n] w]/} klxn] g} Anti Dumping ;DaGwL sfg'g lgdf{0f u/L Dumping nfO{ lgoGq0f ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnoaf6 hf/L æjfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{{ If]qdf ug'k{ g]{ ;'wf/


/x]sf]n] To;af6 lghL If]qsf] nufgL, Jofj;flostf, pBdzLntf, Ifdtf, bIftf Pj+ gjLgtd\ k|ljlwx? cfslif{t x'g g;sL nIo cg';f/sf] pknlAw xfl;n gePsf]n] ;fj{hlgs–lghL ;f´]]bf/L gLlt Pj+ sfg'gdf kl/dfh{g x'g'kg]{ cfjZostf dx;'; eO{ ;fj{hlgs–lghL ;f´]]bf/L gLlt, @)&@ th'{df ul/Psf] ePtf klg pQm gLlt sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfg'g xfn;Dd lgdf{0f ePsf] 5}g . k|lqmofdf ;/nLs/0f, nufgLsf] ;'/Iffsf] k|Tofe"lt, kl/of]hgf sfof{Gjogdf ;/sf/af6 pknAw x'g'kg]{ ;'ljwfsf] k|Tofe"lt -sfo{ut / ;dout ?kdf_ h:tf cfwf/e"t Joj:yfx?;lxtsf] 5'6\6} ljz]if sfg'g geP;Dd ck]lIft ?kdf ;fj{hlgs– lghL ;f´]bf/L gLltsf] nIo k|flKt x'g ;Sb}g . ctM k"jf{wf/ ;]jfx¿sf] ljsf;, k'glg{df{0f, Joj:yfkg tyf ;~rfngdf cg's"n jftfj/0fsf] l;h{gf ug{sf] nflu ;fj{hlgs–lghL ;f´]]bf/L gLlt, @)&@ sf] /0fgLlt, sfo{gLlt tyf o;;DaGwL cGt/f{li6«o k|rlnt l;4fGt / dfGotfsf cffwf/df ;fj{hlgs–lghL ;f´]]bf/L;DaGwL sfg'g lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ cfjZostf 5 .

;DaGwL Zj]tkq – @)^*Æ df klg o; P]gsf] cfjZostf /x]sf] hgfO{Psf] lyof] . t/ klg xfn;Dd sfg'g ag]sf] 5}g . h;af6 g]kfndf Dumping sf] vt/f ljBdfg /x]sf] x'Fbf To;nfO{ lgoGq0f u/L :jb]zL pBf]unfO{ ;+/If0f k|bfg ug{ Anti Dumping ;DaGwL sfg'g oyfl;3| lgdf{0f ug{k' g]{ cfjZostf 5 . @=

Ifltk"lt{ sfg'g xfn k|rngdf /x]sf s]xL kmf}hbf/L sfg'gx?df kLl8tn] Ifltkl"t{ k|fKt ug]{ Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 / To:t} cfufdL @)&% ;fn efb| ! ut] b]lv nfu" x'g] u/L hf/L ePsf] d'ns ' L b]jfgL -;+lxtf_ P]g, @)&$, d'ns ' L ck/fw -;+lxtf_ P]g, @)&$ df klg kLl8tn] Ifltk"lt{ k|fKt ug]{ ;DaGwL s]xL Joj:yfx? /x]sf] ePtf klg pQm sfg'gx?sf] Joj:yf ckof{Kt /x]sf]n] k|To]s JolQmnfO{ lhDd]jf/Lk"js { cf–cfkm\gf] sfd, k];f jf Joj;fo ;~rfng ug{ ;r]t u/fpg] / s;}sf] nfk/jfxL jf sfg'g k|lts"nsf] sfo{af6 cGo JolQmnfO{ Iflt k'ud] f kLl8tn] Ifltk"lt{ kfpg] Joj:yf ug{ 5'§} Ifltk"lt{ sfg'g lgdf{0f ug'k{ g]{ cfjZostf 5 .

#=

;fj{hlgs–lghL ;f´]bf/L sfg'g g]kfndf ;fj{hlgs lghL ;f´]]bf/L;DaGwL :ki6 Joj:yf;lxtsf] sfg'g g/x]sf] . ;fj{hlgs k"jf{wf/ ;+/rgf lgdf{0f, ;~rfng tyf x:tfGt/0f;DaGwL gLlt, @)%& sf cfwf/df ag]sf] æk"jf{wf/ ;+/rgfsf] lgdf{0f tyf ;~rfngdf lghL nufgL ;DaGwL P]g, @)^#Æ sfof{Gjogdf /x]sf] ePtf klg pQm P]gsf] Joj:yf ckof{Kt

$=

s/f/ P]g @)&% efb| ! ut]b]lv nfu" x'g] u/L xfn axfn /x]sf] s/f/ P]g @)%^ vf/]h ug]{ u/L s]xL g]kfn sfg'gnfO{ ;+zf]wg, P]lss/0f, ;dfof]hg / vf/]h ug]{ P]g @)&$ k|dfl0fs/0f ePsf] x'Fbf Jo;flod}qL / cGt/f{li6«o l;4fGt, k|rngcg'¿ksf] gofF s/f/ P]g lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ cfjZostf 5 .

27


28


29


30


31

!

pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f P]g, @)%$

P]gsf] gfd

!* -s, v, u, 3 / r_

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

Joj:yf

s}bsf]

!$ jif{;Dd

@ jif{b]lv

k|fjwfg

s}bsf] Joj:yf x6fpg] u/L ;+zf]wg x'g'kg]{

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

csf]{ s'/f s}bsf] Joj:yfn] pBf]uL Joj;foLsf] ;fvdf k|efj kg]{ / o;af6 qf; l;h{gf eO{ cfk"lt{ Joj:yfkgdf ;d]t gsf/fTds c;/ k'Ug] ePsf]n] .

lgotjz ul/Psf] / e'njz x'g uPsf] s;'/nfO{ 5'6o\ fpg] cfwf/ sfg'gdf k|i6 gePsf], lhp–Hofgdf cf3ft k'Ug] sfo{ ePsf] v08df d'ns ' L P]g tyf cGo k|rlnt sfg'g cg';f/ b08 ;hfo x'g ;Sg] cj:yf /x]sf] sf/0faf6 ;d]t s]an cfly{s nfesf] p2]Zon] ul/Psf] cfly{s s;'/df hl/afgfsf] ;hfo g} kof{Kt x'g] .

dfly plNnlvt P]gx?afx]s cGo ;flassf P]gx?df ;+zf]wg ug'{kg]{ -tLg dxn]_


32

@

cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, @)&#

P]gsf] gfd

#)

tyf bkmf @*

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h

#)= hUufsf] clwstd xbaGbLdf 5'6 M -!_ s'g} pBf]unfO{ cfjZos kg]{ hUuf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd /fVg kfpg] hUufsf] clwstd xbeGbf a9L ePdf ;f] a9L eP;Ddsf] hUuf /fVg]

t/ tf]lsPadf]lhdsf pBf]u ;~rfng ug]{ pBdLn] pBf]usf nflu cfjZos hUuf vl/b ug{ g;s]df ;f]xL Joxf]/f v'nfO{ hUuf vl/b ug{ jf hUuf pknAw u/fOlbg cg'/f]w u/]df pBf]u btf{ ug]{ lgsfon] hUuf vl/b ug{ jf hUuf pknAw u/fOlbg] ;DaGwdf cfjZos ;dGjo / ;xhLs/0f ug]{]5 .

@* hUuf;DaGwL Joj:yfM o; P]g jf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd btf{ ePsf pBf]usf nflu cfjZos hUuf ;DalGwt pBdLn] k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd cfkm}+n] vl/b ug'{kg]{5 .

k|fjwfg

#)= hUufsf] clwstd xbaGbLdf 5'6 M k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg pBf]usf] gfpFdf btf{ /x]sf] hUufdf xbaGbL nfUg] 5}g .

@*= hUuf;DaGwL Joj:yfM o; P]g jf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd btf{ ePsf pBf]usf nflu cfjZos hUuf ;DalGwt pBdLn] vl/b ug{ g;s]df pBf]u btf{ ug]{ lgsfosf] l;kmfl/;df ;/sf/sf] :jfldTjdf /x]sf] hUuf lnhdf pknAw u/fpg] 5 cyjf k|rlnt hUuf k|flKt P]gadf]lhd hUuf k|fKt u/L pBf]unfO{ pknAw u/fpg] 5.

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

cf}Bf]lus ljsf;sf] nflu pBf]usf] gfpFdf /x]sf] hUufsf] xsdf xbaGbL 5'6 x'g' clt cfjZos ePsf]n] .

hUufsf] d"No cTolws ?kdf j[l4 ePsf] / ;fy} hUufx? v08Ls/0f eO{ pBf]unfO{ cfjZos kg]{ If]qkmn hlt hUuf vl/b ug{ sl7gfO x'g] / ;fy} pTkfbgsf] nflu d]l;g/L / sRrf kbfy{df nufpg' kg]{ k'h F L hUuf vl/bdf g} nufgL x'g] eO{ pBf]u :yfkgf ug{ sl7gfO kg]{ ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h


33

P]gsf] gfd

#)s=yk ug]{

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lgj]bg kg{ cfPdf pBf]usf] cfjZostfsf] cfwf/df g]kfn ;/sf/n] k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd tf]lsPsf] ;t{sf] cwLgdf /xL tf]lsPsf] xb;Ddsf] hUuf /fVg kfpg] u/L 5'6 lbg ;Sg]5 .

5'6 kfpg To:tf] pBf]un] pBf]u btf{ ug]{ lgsfodfkm{t g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]5 .

k|fjwfg

Bank_

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h

sf] cf}Bf]lus k|of]hgsf] nflu ;'ne ?kdf hUuf pknAw x'g] Joj:yf ug{ cfjZos ePsf]n] . -!_ pBf]unfO{ ;'ne ?kdf hUuf pknAw u/fpgsf] nflu ;/sf/n] e"ld a}+s -Land Bank_ sf] :yfkgf ug]{]5 . #) s= e"ld a}s + -Land :yfkgf M

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf


34

P]gsf] gfd

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h

k|fjwfg

nflu hUuf /x]sf -Land .

-$_ e"ld a}+s -Land Bank_ sf] l;kmfl/;df ;/sf/n] cf}Bf]lus k|of]hgsf] nflu pko'Qm If]qsf] hUuf v08Ls/0f ug{ jf To:tf] hUufdf :yfoL k|s[ltsf] lgdf{0f ug{ gkfpg] u/L /f]Ssf ug{ ;Sg]5 .

-#_ e"ld a}+s -Land Bank_ sf] cwLgdf /x]sf] hUufx? cfjZostfg';f/ cf}Bf]lus k|of]hgsf] nflu pBf]unfO{ pknAw u/fOg]5 .

-@_ cf}Bf]lus k|of]hgsf] ;/sf/sf] cwLgdf /x]sf] tyf JolQmsf] :jfldTjdf hUuf clwu|x0f u/L e"ld a}+s Bank_ sf] cwLgdf /flvg]5

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h


35

#

e"ld;DaGwL P]g, @)@!

P]gsf] gfd

bkmf !@

bkmf %$ df ;+zf]wg

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

bkmf !@ sf] b]xfo -r_ kl5 lgDgadf]lhd b]xfo -r= !_ yk ug'{kg]{ M

= = = x'g]5Æ eGg] jfSo kl5 æo; P]gn] k|bfg u/]sf] ;'ljwfdf 36L x'g] u/L cGo s'g} sfg'g lgdf{0f ul/g] 5}g / o; Joj:yf;Fu afl´g] cGo sfg'gsf] Joj:yf :jtM lgliqmo x'g]5 .Æ eGg] jfSo yk ug]{ .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

:ki6Ls/0f M of] Joj:yf nfu" x'g'k"j{ pBf]usf] gfpFdf /x]sf] hUufsf] xsdf ;d]t o;}adf]lhd x'g]5 .

;+Vof @( ldlt @)&$.^.@% sf] /fhkqdf k|sflzt hUufsf] xbaGbL;DaGwL -r= !_ k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd cfb]z vf/]h ul/g' kg]{ pBf]usf] gfpFdf /x]sf] hUuf,

-r=!_ yk ug]{ .

bkmf !@ sf] b]xfo -r_ kl5 b]xfo

o;} P]gadf]lhd x'g] M k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtf klg o; P]gdf n]lvP hlt s'/fdf o;} P]g adf]lhd x'g5 ] .

k|fjwfg

bkmf & / !) df plNnlvt xb;Ddsf] hUufn] dfq pBf]unfO{ ck'u x'g;Sg] ePsf]n] d'n'ssf] cf}Bf]lus ljsf;sf] nflu pBf]usf] gfpFdf /x]sf] hUufsf] xsdf xbaGbL 5'6 x'g' clt cfjZos ePsf]n] .

cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g @)&# n] k|bfg u/]sf] ;'ljwf cGo sfg'gaf6 k|efljt gx'g] u/L k|Tofe"t ug{ cfjZos ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


36

$

cGtMz'Ns P]g, @)%*

P]gsf] gfd

!@ -@_, !@ -#_ -ª_, !@ -%_

& -$_

& -!_ -u_

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

vf/]h ug'{kg]{

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

-$_ cGtz'Ns clws[tn] cGtz'Ns cltl/Qm d"No lgwf{/0f ug]{ Joj:yf c;'n pk/ ug]{ k|of]hgsf] nflu x6fpg ;+zf]wg ug'{kg]{ cfjZostfcg';f/ k'gM d"No lgwf{/0f jf cltl/Qm d"No lgwf{/0f ug]{ ;Sg]5 . lu/tf/ ug]{ ;Sg] Joj:yf x6fpg] lu/tf/ ug]{ ;Sg] Joj:yf / 5fkf dfg]{, vfgtnf;L / l;naGbL ug'{k"j{ cf}lrTo k|i6 x'g] k|fKt k|df0f k]; u/L cbfntaf6 cg'dlt lng'kg]{ Joj:yf ug]{ u/L ;+zf]wg ug'{kg]{ .

-u_ ljefun] pTkfbg nfut jf cGo pko'Qm cfwf/df tf]lslbPsf] d"No .

k|fjwfg

lu/tf/ ug]{, y'gfdf /fVg] h:tf] sf/afxL lgif]wfTds Joj:yf xf] . Gofosf dfGo l;4fGtcg';f/ s;'/bf/n] k|df0f nf]k ug{ ;Sg] jf k'gM To:t} s;'/ ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf ljBdfg /x]df dfq lu/tf/ ug{, y'gfdf /fVg cfjZos k5{ . cg';Gwfgsf] qmddf uf]bfd / sfof{nodf ;d]t l;naGbL ug{ ;Sg];Ddsf] k|fjwfg /x]sf] kl/k|]Iodf JolQmnfO{ lu/tf/ g} u/L lgif]w ug{ cfjZos gx'Fbf

:jljj]sLo k|s[ltsf] æcltl/QmÆ eGg] zAb x6fpg' kg]{ .

d"No tf]Sg] cGo pko'Qm cfwf/ eGgfn] s] xf] eGg] c:ki6 x'Fbf thlahL clwsf/ ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


37

^

%

bkmf %

bkmf !)

a}+lsË s;'/ tyf ;hfo P]g, @)^$

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

vfB P]g, @)@#

P]gsf] gfd

s}b;DaGwL Joj:yf x6fpg] u/L ;+zf]wg ug'k{ g]{ .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

Æ= = =jf To:tf] ;DklQ pk/ s'g} tl/sfn] æjf s'g} tl/sfn] xsef]u k|fKt ug{Æ xsef]u k|fKt ug{ = = = Æ eGg] Joj:yf x6fOg' kg]{ .

s}b;DaGwL Joj:yf .

k|fjwfg

rn, crn ;DklQ vl/b ug{afx]s cGo s'g} tl/sfn] xsef]u k|fKt ug{ gkfpFbf C0f jf lauf] a'´fpg ´g\ c;dy{ x'g] ePsf]n] .

s}b ;hfosf] Joj:yf x'Fbf pBf]uL Joj;foLdf qf; l;h{gf ug]{ ePsf]n] s}b ug]{ Joj:yf x6fpg' kg]{ .

= = =gx'Fb} klg lu/tf/ ug]{ k|fjwfg /xFbf o;n] pBf]uL Joj;foLdf qf; l;h{gf ug]{ ePsf]n] of] Joj:yf x6fOg' kg]{ / 5fkf dfg]{ vfgtnfl; / l;naGbL ug]{ sfo{nfO{ lhDd]jf/Lk"j{s ug]{ Joj:yf ug{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


38

*

&

-$_ o; Joj:yfadf]lhdsf] k/LIf0f -$_ o; Joj:yfadf]lhdsf] k/LIf0f dfnj:t' hfFrkf; ePsf] ldltn] $ dfnj:t' hfFrkf; ePsf] ldltn] @ jif{;Dd ug{ ;lsg]5 . jif{;Dd ug{ ;lsg]5 .

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k'g/fj] -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k'g/fj]bg bg ug{ cfb]zadf]lhdsf] dx;'n / ug{ cfb]zadf]lhdsf] dx;'n / hl/afgf a'´fpg jf w/f}6L /fVgkg]{ . hl/afgfsf] cfwf a'´fpg jf w/f}6L /fVg kg]5 { eGg] Joj:yf u/L ;+zf]wg ug'k{ g]{ .

#$ -$_

^@ -@_

eG;f/ P]g @)^$

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

bkmf !( adf]lhd Cl0fn] k'g/fj] x6fpg' kg]{ bg ubf{ GofofwLs/0fn] u/]sf] lg0f{o adf]lhd c;'n pk/ ug'k{ g]{ 7x/ ePsf] /sdsf] tL; k|ltzt /sd w/f}6L afkt gub hDdf ug'k{ g]5 { .

k|fjwfg

bkmf @@

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] C0f c;'nL P]g @)%*

P]gsf] gfd

Ps tx k'g/fj]bg ug{ kfpg kg]{ Gofosf] dfGo l;4fGt ljk/Lt k'g/fj]bg kq btf{ ug{af6 g} al~rt x'gk' g]{ u/L k"/} /sd a'´fpg jf w/f}6L /fVg kg]{ Joj:yfn] ubf{ k'g/fj]bg ug{ c;dy{ eO cGofo ;xg afWo x'g] ePsf]n] of] k|fjwfg x6fpg' kg]{ .

ug]{ $ jif{sf] cjlw nfdf] eO{ ;fdfg hfFrkf; ubf{sf] j:t'l:yltdf ;d]t cGt/ cfO;Sg] x'bF f k|dfl0ft ug{ ufx|f] x'g] ePsfn] of] cjlw 36fpg' kg]{ . PCA

Ps tx k'g/fj]bg ug{ kfpg kg]{ Gofosf] dfGo l;4fGtljk/Lt k'g/fj]bgkq btf{ ug{af6 g} jl~rt x'gk' g]{ u/L gub w/f}6L /fVg kg]{ Joj:yfn] ubf{ pBf]uL Joj;foLx? cGofo ;xg afWo x'g] ePsf]n] of] Joj:yf x6fpg' kg]{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


39

(

d"No clej[l4 s/ P]g, @)%@

P]gsf] gfd

-^_ pkbkmf ! adf]lhd lgj]bg lbg] s/ bftfn] lgwf{l/t s/ /sddWo] ljjfb/lxt s/ /sd a'´fO ljjflbt s/ /sdsf] PsltxfO{ /sd bflvnf ug'k{ g]5 { .

#! s= sf]

pkbkmf -^_

^ dlxgf;Dd s}b ug]{ Joj:yf

@( -@_

-^_ pkbkmf ! adf]lhd lgj]bg lbg] s/bftfn] lgwf{l/t s/ /sddWo] ljjfb/lxt s/ /sd a'´fO ljjflbt s/ /sdsf] PsltxfO{ /sd afkt gub jf a}s + Uof/]G6L bflvnf ug'k{ g]5 { .

s}b ;hfo x6fpg] u/L ;+zf]wg ug'k{ g]{ .

cfly{s s;'/df cly{s hl/afgf g} nufpg plrt x'g] . s}bsf] Joj:yfn] pBf]uL Joj;foLdf qf; l;h{gf eO{ To;n] cf}Bf]lus ljsf;df gsf/fTds c;/ k'¥ofpg] ePsf]n] . k|zf;lso k'g/fjnf]sgsf] lgj]bg ug{ ljjflbt /sdsf] PsltxfO{ gub bflvnf ug}k{ g]{ Joj:yfn] s/bftfn] lgj]bg ug{ g;Sg] cj:yf kl/ cGofo ;xg jfWo x'gk' g]{ ePsf]n] .

cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, @)&# n] u/]sf] 5'6 / ;'ljwfsf] Joj:yfnfO{ ;'lglZrt ug{ .

@# v= = = Joj:yf u/]sf]df afx]s cGo s'g} P]gn] o; P]gadf]lhdsf s/sf Joj:yfx?df s'g} klg ;+zf]wg, kl/jt{g jf s/;DaGwL cGo Joj:yfx? ug{ ;Sg] 5}g .æ

@# v= = = =æcGo Joj:yfx? ug{ ;Sg] 5}g . t/ k|rlnt cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, @)&# n] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5'6 / ;'ljwf ;DaGwdf ;f]lx P]g adf]lhd x'g5 ] Æ eGg] yk ul/g' kg]{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

s/ clws[tsf] thlahL clwsf/nfO{ Go"gLs/0f ub}{ j:t'ut cfwf/df s/ lgwf{/0f x'g'kg]{ .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

Æ= = = eGg] s/ clws[tnfO{ ljZjf; æs/ clws[tnfO{ ljZjf; ug{kg]{ ug{kg]{ sf/0f = = =Æ sf/0f= = =Æ eGg] jfSof+z x6fpg' kg]{ .

k|fjwfg

@# v=

@) -!_ sf] -3_ / -ª_

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


40

!)

;DklQ z'4Ls/0f -dgL nfpG8l/ª_ lgjf/0f P]g, @)^$

P]gsf] gfd

# -!_ -s_

k|:tfjgf

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

xfn;Dd cf}krfl/s ?kdf k}lqs, k'Vof}n { Lnufot JolQm;Fu /x]sf] rncrn ;DklQsf] 3f]if0ff u/L clen]v ug]{ sfd gePsf]n] cleof]hg kIfnfO{ cleof]u k|dfl0ft ug{ sl7gfO{ ePsf] / ;fy} JolQmnfO{ klg cfgf] lgbf]l{ ztf k|dfl0ft ug{ cK7]/f] eO{ cGofo ;xg afWo x'gk' g]{ cj:yf /x]sf]n] .

Ps k6ssf] nflu JolQm;Fu /x]sf] ;DklQ 3f]if0ff ug{ kfpg] Joj:yf u/L bkmf yk ug'k{ g]{ .

u}/sfg'gL ;|ft] sf] kl/efiff :ki6 gx'bF f e|d l;h{gf x'g] / ;fy} cg';Gwfgstf{sf] thlahdf /xL k|ltzf]wsf] nflu sfg'g k|of]u x'g] cj:yf /xg] ePsf]n] .

s;'/sf] ufDeLo{tfsf] cfwf/df ;hfosf] Joj:yf x'gk' g]{ ljlwzf:qsf] dfGotf xf] . Pp6} sfg'g xFb' f Pp6} bkmfaf6 b'j} k|sf/sf] s;'/ / ;hfo lgwf{/0f x'g hfFbf ljlwzf:qsf] dfGotf k|lts"n x'g uPsf]n] o;df ;+zf]wg ul/g'kg]{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cft+sjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwdf cnucnu sfg'g agfpg kg]{ .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

-s_ ;DklQsf] u}/sfg'gL ;|f]t -s_ of] sfg'gsf] k|of]hgsf] nflu -O{lnl;6 cl/hg_ = = = . æu}/sfg'gL ;|ft] -O{lnl;6 cl/hg_Æ sf] kl/efiff k|i6 kfg'k{ g]{ .

k|fjwfg


41

P]gsf] gfd

cg';"rL

## s

bkmf @* sf] pkbkmf -@_ kl5 pkbkmf -#_ yk ug'{kg]{

bkmf !* -^_

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

-^_ cg';Gwfg clws[tn] pkbkmf -#_ jf -$_ adf]lhd ;DklQ jf ;fwg /f]Ssf /fVg' jf lgoGq0fdf lng' cufj} d'2f x]g{] clwsf/Lsf] cg'dlt lng' kg]5 { .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

@* -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtf klg cleo'Qmsf] ;DklQsf] ;|ft] of] P]gsf] k|of]hgsf] nflu u}/sfg'gL xf] egL k|dfl0ft ug'k{ g]{ ef/ cleof]hgstf{df /xg]5 . ## s= em'Ýf ph'/ lbg]nfO{ ?= !) xhf/ ## s= em'Ýf ph'/ lbg]nfO{ ;hfosf] Joj:yf . ?= % nfv;Ddsf] ;hfosf] Joj:yf u/L ;+zf]wg ug'k{ g]{ . 7, 8, y, b, e, d, j, z, ; cg';r" L 7, 8, y, b, e, d, j, z, ; sf] xsdf cGo ljz]if sfg'gn] s;'/ dfgL ;hfosf] Joj:yf;d]t ePsf]n] x6fpg' kg]{ .

-^_ cg';Gwfg clws[tn] pkbkmf -#_ jf -$_ adf]lhd ;DklQ jf ;fwg /f]Ssf /fVg' jf lgoGq0fdf lng' cufj} ljefusf] k|dv ' nfO{ hfgsf/L lbg'kg]5 { .

k|fjwfg

;hfo a9fO{ em'Ýf ph'/L lbO{ cgfjZos b'Mv lbg] k|jl[ QnfO{ lg?T;flxt ug{k' g]{ ePsfn] . cg';r" Lx?df ePsf] Joj:yfdf bf]xf]/f] vt/fsf] cj:yf /x]sf] / ;fy} ;a} ljz]if sfg'g lgliqmo eO If]qflwsf/ ;d]t cltqmd0f x'g] ePsf]n] x6fpg' kg]{ .

cg';Gwfg clwsf/LnfO{ lhDd]jf/ agfpg tyf To:tf] clwsf/Ln] bM'v lbg] p2]Zon] kof{Kt cfwf/ lagf g} JolQmsf] ;DklQ jf ;fwg /f]Ssf ug],{ lgoGq0fdf lng] cj:yfnfO{ lg?T;flxt ug{ ;+zf]wg x'gk' g]{ . xfn;Dd cf}krfl/s ?kdf k}lqs / k'Vof}n { Lnufot JolQm;Fu /x]sf] rncrn ;DklQsf] 3f]if0ff u/L clen]v ug]{ sfd gePsf] x'bF f k|df0fsf] ef/ cleof]hgstf{df /xg'kg]{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


42

!!

hUuf k|flKt P]g, @)#$

P]gsf] gfd

$

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h

bkmf $ kl5 bkmf $ s= yk ug]{

k|fjwfg

-#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd pBf]usf] nflu hUuf k|fKt ubf{ hUufwgLnfO{ lbg'kg]{ d'cfAhf;lxtsf] vr{ ;DalGwt pBf]un] Joxf]g'{ kg]5 { .

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lgj]bg kg{ cfPdf pBf]usf] cfjZostfsf] cfwf/df g]kfn ;/sf/n] k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd To:tf] pBf]unfO{ hUuf k|fKt u/fO{ lbg ;Sg]5 .

-!_ s'g} pBf]un] pBf]u ;~rfngsf] nflu cfjZos hUuf vl/b ug{ g;s]df To:tf] pBf]un] pBf]u btf{ ug]{ lgsfodfkm{t g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]5 .

$ s= pBf]usf] nflu hUuf k|fKt u/fO{ lbg ;Sg] M

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]gsf] bkmf @* ;Fu tfbfTDo x'g] u/L Joj:yf ug{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h


43

!@

cfos/ P]g, @)%*

P]gsf] gfd

bkmf !)! sf] pkbkmf $

bkmf (* s= yk ug]{

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

(* s= ;+zf]lwt cfoljj/0f k]; ug{ ;Sg] M o; P]gcGtu{t s/bftfn] k]; u/]sf] cfo ljj/0fdf s/bftfn] s'g} ;+zf]wg ug{ rfx]df Ps k6ssf] nflu ljj/0f k]; u/]sf] ldltn] ^ dlxgfleq ;+zf]wg u/L ;+zf]lwt cfo ljj/0f k]; ug{ ;Sg]5 .

bkmf (* kl5 b]xfocg';f/sf] bkmf (* s= yk ug]{

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

-$_ pkbkmf -#_ df h'g;'s} s'/f of] bkmf x6fpg kg]{ n]lvPsf] ePtf klg hfn;fhLn] ubf{ s'g} JolQmsf] s/ lgwf{/0f unt 9ª\uaf6 ePsf] /x]5 eg] h'g;'s} avt ljefun] To:tf] s/ lgwf{/0fdf ;+zf]wg ug{ ;Sg]5 . o;/L ;+zf]wg ubf{ hfn;fhL u/L ljj/0f /fv]sf] jf s/ lgwf{/0f u/]sf] hfgsf/L k|fKt ePsf] Ps jif{leq ;+zf]wg ul/;Sg' kg]5 { .

k|fjwfg

hfn;fhLsf] kl/efiff :ki6 gul/Psf] / ;fy} ljefunfO{ hfgsf/L k|fKt ePsf] ldltn] ! jif{ leq eGgfn] xbDofbdf clglZrttf ePsf] . ;fy} bkmf !)! sf] pkbkmf -!_ af6 g} o;sf] p2]Zo k"/f x'g] ePsf]n] of] bkmf x6fOg' kg]{ .

cfo ljj/0fdf Ps k6ssf] nflu ;+zf]wg ug]{ Joj:yf ug'{ Gofof]lrt ePsf], pRr:t/Lo s/ k|0ffnL k'g/fjnf]sg cfof]u @)&! sf] k|ltj]bg g+= %=@# -k[i7 @$#_ l/kf]6d{ f klg cfjZostf hgfOPsf] / ef/tnufotsf cGo d'ns ' x?df klg cfo ljj/0f ;Rofpg] df}sf k|bfg ug]{ Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


44

P]gsf] gfd

-^_ pkbkmf -%_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtf klg ltg'k{ g]{ s/sf] PsltxfO{n] x'g] /sd ga'´fP;Dd ;f] pkbkmfsf] Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .

!$@= æ= = = Joj:yf u/]sf]df afx]s cGo s'g} P]gn] o; P]gadf]lhdsf s/sf Joj:yfx?df s'g} klg ;+zf]wg, kl/jt{g jf s/;DaGwL cGo Joj:yfx? ug{ ;Sg] 5}g .Æ

bkmf !$@

k|fjwfg

bkmf !!% sf] pkbkmf ^

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

bkmf !$@ æ= = =cGo Joj:yfx? ug{ ;Sg] 5}g .æ eGg]kl5 Æt/ k|rlnt cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g @)&# n] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5'6 / ;'ljwf ;DaGwdf ;f] P]g adf]lhd x'g5 ] Æ eGg] yk ul/g'kg]{ .

-^_ pkbkmf -%_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtf klg ltg'k{ g]{ s/sf] PsltxfO{n] x'g] /sd afkt gub jf a}s + Uof/]G6L bflvnf gu/];Dd ;f] pkbkmfsf] Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g @)&# n] u/]sf] 5'6 / ;'ljwfsf] Joj:yfnfO{ ;'lglZrt ug{ .

k|zf;sLo k'g/fjnf]sgsf nflu lgj]bg ug{ gub a'´fpg' kg]{ Joj:yfaf6 s/bftfn] k'g/fjnf]sg ug{ lgj]bg lbg g;ls cGofo ;xg afWo x'gk' g]{ ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


45

!#

sDkgL P]g, @)^#

P]gsf] gfd

bkmf *! sf] pkbkmf -@_ kl5 pkbkmf -#_ sDkgL jf ;~rfnssf] -#_ yk ug'k{ g]{ . sfa' aflx/sf] kl/l:yltn] jf ;~rfnsx?sf aLr ljjfb eO{ sfof{nodf k7fpg kg]{ ljj/0f ;dodf k7fpg g;s]df sfof{non] o; bkmfcGtu{tsf] hl/afgf k"/} jf cf+lzs 5'6 lbg ;Sg]5 .

*!

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

bkmf *! sf] pkbkmf -@_ sf] -s_ bkmf *! sf] pkbkmf -@_ sf] -s_ b]lv -3_ ;Dd r'Qmf k'h F Lsf] cfwf/df b]lv -3_ df plNnlvt hl/afgf / hl/afgf ug]{ Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 . sddf ;+zf]wg u/L ljBdfg hl/afgf /sddf () k|ltzt 36fpg kg]{ .

k|fjwfg

*! -@_

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h

sDkgL jf ;~rfnssf] sfa' aflx/sf] kl/l:yltn] jf ;~rfnsx?sf aLr ljjfb eO{ sfof{nodf k7fpg kg]{ ljj/0f ;dodf k7fpg g;s]sf] cj:yfdf hl/afgf gnfUg] Joj:yf x'g clt cfjZos b]lvPsf]n] .

sfuhft clen]v ug{ u/fpg jf ;"rgf k|;f/ ug{; ] Dd ljnDa ePsf] sf/0faf6 dfq a9L hl/afgf ug'{ Gofok"0f{ gx'g] ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wgรทvf/]h


46

!%

!$

bkmf !( df ;+zf]wg

k"jf{wf/ ;+/rgfsf] lgdf{0f tyf ;~rfngdf lghL nufgL ;DaGwL P]g, @)^#

-dfly gofF lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ sfg'gsf] l;=g+ # df = = =

!@& -#_ df ;+zf]wg

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

>d P]g, @)&$

P]gsf] gfd

-!_ cg'dltkq k|fKt JolQmn] ;D´f}tf adf]lhd kl/of]hgf sfof{Gjog k|f/De gu/]df jf of] P]g jf o;cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod jf ;D´f}tfljk/Lt s'g} sfd u/]df g]kfn ;/sf/n] cg'dltkq k|fKt JolQmnfO{ ;"rgf lbO{ lghnfO{ lbOPsf] cg'dltkq /2 ug{ ;Sg]5 .

;fd"lxs ;D´f}tfdf kfl/>lds kfpg] ;DaGwdf s'g} ;xdlt eP ;f]xLadf]lhd x'g] cGoyf o; P]gsf] k|lqmof k"/f u/L ePsf] x8tfn jf tfnfaGbLsf] cjlwdf >ldsn] cfwf kfl/>lds kfpg]5 .

bkmf !@& -#_

k|fjwfg

-!_ cg'dltkq k|fKt JolQmn] ;D´f}tf adf]lhd kl/of]hgf sfof{Gjog k|f/De gu/]df jf of] P]g jf o;cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod jf ;D´f}tfljk/Lt s'g} sfd u/]df jf tf]lsPsf] ;do ;Ldfleq sfd ;DkGg gu/]df g]kfn ;/sf/n] cg'dltkq k|fKt JolQmnfO{ ;"rgf lbO{ lghnfO{ lbOPsf] cg'dltkq /2 ug{ ;Sg]5 .

bkmf !@& -#_ ;fd"lxs ;D´f}tfdf kfl/>lds kfpg] ;DaGwdf s'g} ;xdlt eP ;f]xLadf]lhd x'g5 ] cGoyf x8tfn jf sfg'gadf]lhdsf] tfnfaGbLsf] cjlwdf >ldsn] s'g} kfl/>lds kfpg] 5}g .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

tf]lsPsf] ;do;Ldfleq ;DkGg x'g] k|Tofe"lt cfjZos kg]{ ePsf]n] .

sfd ug{

of]ubfgdf cfwfl/t ;fdflhs ;'/Iff P]g, @)&$ nfu" eO;s]sf] x'bF f cf}Bf]lus gLlt @)^& sf] gLlt Pjd\ /f]huf/bftfn] af/Daf/ p7fPsf] æNo Work No payÆ sf] cjwf/0ff nfu" ug{ sfg'gL Joj:yf ug{k' g]{ ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


47

;+/rgfsf] lgdf{0f tyf ;~rfngdf gLlh nufgL P]g @)^# k|lt:yfkg x'gkg]{ ;'´fj 5 . k|lt:yfkg geP;Dd lgDgfg';f/ ;+zf]wg x'g'kg]{ ._

pNn]lvt ;'´fj adf]lhd ;fj{hlgs– gLlh ;f´]bf/L sfg'gsf] lgdf{0f eO k|:t't k"jf{wf/

P]gsf] gfd

bkmf #* -h_ kl5 -h_ != yk ug]{

bkmf #$ kl5 #$ -s_ yk ug]{

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

k|fjwfg

-h_ != g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3sf] cWoIf – ;b:o

o; P]gcGtu{tsf] k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f kl/of]hgfdf sfd ug]{ >ldsx?sf] xsdf kfl/>lds / of]ubfgdf cfwfl/t ;fdflhs ;'/Iffafx]s cGo >d P]g @)&$ df plNnlvt cGo Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .

#$ -s_= >lds;DaGwL Joj:yf

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

P]gsf] p2]Zo ;kmn kfg{ lghL If]qsf] cxd\ e"ldsf /xg] x'Fbf kl/of]hgf ;dGjo ;ldltdf lghL If]qsf] /fli6«o:t/sf] 5ftf ;+u7gsf] ;xeflutf cfjZos x'g] ePsf]n] .

k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f kl/of]hgfdf >lds;DaGwL sfg'gL hl6ntf Go"gLs/0f u/L nufgL cfslif{t ug{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


48

!^

k|lt:kwf{ k|j4{g tyf ahf/ ;+/If0f P]g, @)^#

P]gsf] gfd

bkmf %

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

v'nf ahf/ cy{tGqsf] cjwf/0ff k|lts"n ePsf]n] .

&= Psnf}6L sf/f]af/ ug{ gx'g] M -!_ x6fpg] s'g} j:t' jf ;]jf pTkfbg jf ljt/0f ug]{ JolQm jf k|lti7fgn] To:tf] j:t' jf ;]jfsf] pTkfbg jf ljt/0f Psnf}6L sf/f]af/ -PS;Sn'l;e l8lnª_ ug{ u/fpg xFb' g} . :ki6Ls/0f M o; bkmfsf] k|of]hgsf] nflu s'g} k|lti7fgn] b]xfosf] s'g} ;t{

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

JolQmsf] pBf]u Jofkf/ Joj;fo ug]{ ;+jw} flgs xs tyf v'nf ahf/ cy{tGqsf] cjwf/0f k|lts"n ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

%= k|lt:kwf{nfO{ lgoGq0f ug]{ p2]Zon] x6fpg] k|lti7fg ufleg jf ldNg gx'g] M s'g} j:t' jf ;]jf pTkfbg jf ljt/0f ug]{ k|lti7fgn] Psflwsf/ sfod ug]{ jf ahf/df lgolGqt Jofkfl/s cEof; sfod ug]{ p2]Zon] ;dfg k|sl[ tsf] j:t' jf ;]jf pTkfbg jf ljt/0f ug]{ cGo k|lti7fg;Fu ufleg, cfk;df ldNg PSn} jf cfgf] ;xfos k|lti7fg;Fu ldnL To:tf] k|lti7fgsf] %) k|ltzt jf ;f]eGbf a9L ;]o/ vl/b ug{ jf To:tf] k|lti7fgsf] Joj;fo sAhf u/L u|x0f -6]s cf]e/_ ug{ ;Sg] 5}g .

k|fjwfg


49

P]gsf] gfd

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

/fvL s'g} j:t' jf ;]jfsf] pTkfbg jf x6fpg] ljt/0f u/]df Psnf}6L sf/f]af/ u/]sf] dflgg]5 M– -s_ s'g} JolQm jf k|lti7fgn] pTkfbg jf ljt/0f u/]sf] j:t' jf ;]jf afx]s cGo JolQm jf k|lti7fgn] pTkfbg jf ljt/0f u/]sf] To:t} k|sl[ tsf] j:t' jf ;]jf vl/b gug]{ jf To:tf] JolQm jf k|lti7fg;Fu tt\;DaGwL s'g} sf/f]af/ gug],{ -v_ v08 -s_ adf]lhdsf] ;t{ kfngf u/L j:t' jf ;]jfsf] vl/b laqmL jf sf/f]af/ u/]df a9L ;x'lnotk"0f{ ;t{df j:t' jf ;]jf cfk"lt{ ug]{ . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtf klg s'g} k|lti7fgn] cfgf] d'Vo jf ;xfos k|lti7fgaf6 dfq s'g} j:t' jf ;]jf k|fKt ug]{ jf cfgf] clws[t laqm]tf jf Ph]G;Ldfkm{t cfgf] j:t' jf ;]jf ljt/0f ug]{ Joj:yf ePsf]df Psnf}6L sf/f]af/ u/]sf] dflgg] 5}g .

k|fjwfg ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

v'nf ahf/ cy{tGqsf] cjwf/0f k|lts"n ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


50

P]gsf] gfd ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

Joj;flonfO{ cgfjZos x}/fgL gx'g] u/L Joj;flos :ynsf] lg/LIf0f, hfFra'em jf vfgtnf;L ug]{ sfo{nfO{ lhDd]jf/ agfpg . -!_ s;}n] of] P]g jf o;cGtu{t ag]sf] lgodljk/Lt s'g} sfd sf/afxL ul//x]sf] 5 eGg] ljZjf; x'g] dgfl;a sf/0f ePdf jf ;f];DaGwdf bkmf @# adf]lhd ph'/L k|fKt ePdf tTsfn k|fKt k|df0fsf] ;+nUg /fvL d'2f x]g{ ] clwsf/L ;dIf lg/LIf0f, hfFra'em jf vfgtnf;Lsf] cg'dltsf] nflu lgj]bg ug]5 { / cg'dlt k|fKt ePdf ahf/ ;+/If0f clws[t jf af]8å{ f/f ul7t pk;ldltn] ;DalGwt 7fpFsf] lg/LIf0f, hfFra'em jf vfgtnf;L ug{ ;Sg]5 .

bkmf @% -!_

-!_ s;}n] of] P]g jf o;cGtu{t ag]sf] lgodljk/Lt s'g} sfd sf/afxL ul//x]sf] 5 eGg] ljZjf; x'g] dgfl;a sf/0f ePdf jf ;f];DaGwdf bkmf @# adf]lhd ph'/L k|fKt ePdf ahf/ ;+/If0f clws[t jf af]8å{ f/f ul7t pk;ldltn] ;DalGwt 7fpFsf] lg/LIf0f, hfFra'em jf vfgtnf;L ug{ ;Sg]5 .

´'67\ f ph'/ u/L pBf]uL Joj;foLnfO{ abgfd ug]{ b'Mv lbg] k|jl[ QnfO{ lg?T;flxt ug{ .

n3' tyf 3/]n' pBf]u dfq geP/ ;a} pBf]usf] xsdf of] P]g nfu" gx'g] Joj:yf ug{ cfjZos x'g] ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

´'67\ f ph'/ ug]n { fO{ ?= !) xhf/ ´'67\ f ph'/ ug]n { fO{ ?= ! nfv ;hfo ug]{ Joj:yf /x]sf] . ;Ddsf] ;hfosf] Joj:yf ug'k{ g]{

-s_+ cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, @)&# adf]lhdsf] pBf]u;DaGwL Joj;fo,

-s_+ cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g, @)$( bkmf !! -!_ sf] b]xfo -s_ sf] adf]lhdsf n3' tyf 3/]n' pBf]u ;§fdf b]xfoadf]lhd /fvL ;+zf]wg ;DaGwL Joj;fo, ug]{

k|fjwfg

bkmf !* -$_

bkmf !! -!_ sf] b]xfo -s_

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


51

!*

!&

bkmf *

bkmf #

nufgL af]8{ P]g, @)^*

#@

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

bfgf kbfy{ P]g, @)##

P]gsf] gfd

bkmf # sf] ´ kl5 ´ ! yk ug]{

*= ;hfo M of] P]g jf o; P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] jf hf/L ul/Psf] lgod jf cfb]zsf] pNnª\3g ug]{ JolQmnfO{ @) xhf/ ?k}ofFb]lv %) xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf jf Ps dlxgfb]lv Ps jif{;Dd s}b x'g ;Sg]5 .

#@= af}l4s ;DklQsf] b'?kof]u /f]Sg] Joj:yf ug{ ;Sg] M s'g} af}l4s ;DklQsf] wgLn] cfk\mgf] af}l4s ;DklQsf] b'?kof]u u/L :jR5 k|lt:kwf{df afwf k'¥ofPdf jf pkef]Qmfsf] xslxtljk/Lt sfd u/]df g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;f] ;DaGwdf cfjZos Joj:yf ug{ ;Sg]5 .

k|fjwfg

´= g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3sf] cWoIf – ;b:o

´ # sf] ´ kl5 lgDgfg';f/ ´ ! yk ug]{

*= ;hfo M of] P]g jf o; P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] jf hf/L ul/Psf] lgod jf cfb]zsf] pNnª\3g ug]{ JolQmnfO{ @) xhf/ ?k}ofFbl] v %) xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd hl/afgf x'g ;Sg]5 .

x6fpg]

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

P]gsf] p2]Zo ;kmn kfg{ lghL If]qsf] cxd\ e"ldsf /xg] x'Fbf kl/of]hgf ;dGjo ;ldltdf lghL If]qsf] /fli6«o :t/sf] 5ftf ;+u7gsf] ;xeflutf cfjZos x'g] ePsf]n] .

cfly{s hl/afgfsf] ;hfo kof{Kt x'g] ePsf]n] s}bsf] Joj:yf x6fpg] .

af}l4s ;DklQ k|of]u ;DaGwdf af}l4s ;DklQ;DaGwL sfg'gs} Joj:yfadf]lhd x'gk' g]{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


52

!(

cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo ljsf; k|lti7fg P]g, @)%#

P]gsf] gfd

-u_ kl/of]hgfnfO{ cfgf] lgoGq0fdf lnO{ ;DklQ hkmt ug]{ .

bkmf !) sf] pkbkmf !& sf] b]xfo -u_ df ;+zf]wg ug]{

bkmf % kl5 bkmf % s yk ug]{ .

-!^_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtf klg k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd jftfj/0fLo k|efj cWoog ug{ cfjZos x'g] kl/of]hgfsf] pkbkmf -(_ adf]lhd nufgLsf] cg'dlt kfPsf] jf pkbkmf -!)_ adf]lhd btf{ ul/Psf] sf/0fn] dfq kl/of]hgf lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ ;'? x'g ;Sg] 5}g .

k|fjwfg

bkmf !) sf] pkbkmf !^

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

P]gsf] p2]Zo sfof{Gjogdf lghL If]qnfO{ ;+nug u/fpg .

bkmf % kl5 lgDgfg';f/sf] bkmf % s yk ug]{ . % s= of] P]gsf] p2]Zo pBf]uL Joj;foLx?sf] 5ftf ;+u7gdfkm{t jf To:tf] ;+u7g;Fu ;xsfo{ u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ Joj:yf ug{ ;lsg]5 .

;DklQ hkmt ug'{ dgfl;a gePsf] / o:tf] Joj:yfjf6 nufgLstf{ ´:sg] x'bF f x6fpg kg]{ .

jftfj/0f ;+/If0f;DaGwL sfg'gn] Joj:yf ug]{ ljifo x'bF f cfjZos gePsf] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

-u_ kl/of]hgfnfO{ cfgf] lgoGq0fdf lng] .

x6fpg]

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf


53

bkmf ^ sf] pkbkmf -#_ sf] b]xfo -3_ kl5 -3 !_ yk ug]{ .

tyf bkmf

ug'{kg]{ P]g

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

k|fjwfg

tTsfn axfn /x]sf] /fh:j;DaGwL sfg'gsf] sdL sdhf]/Lsf] sf/0faf6 x'g] /fh:j 5nLsf] cg';Gwfg ug{{ @)#$ ;fndf cy{ dGqfnodf /fh:j cg';Gwfg dxfzfvf v8f ePsf]df @)%) ;fndf ;f] dxfzfvfnfO{ /fh:j cg';Gwfg ljefusf] ?kdf kl/0ft ul/of] / ;fy} tTsfn axfn /x]sf] cfos/ P]g @)#!, laqmL s/ P]g @)@#, cGtz'Ns P]g @)!%, eG;f/ P]g @)!( df /x]sf cg';Gwfg tyf sf/afxL;DaGwL Joj:yfx?sf] l/Qmtf / To:t} tTsfn axfn /x]sf] e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g @)!& df /fh:j r'xfj6df ldnf]dtf] ug]{ sd{rf/LnfO{ s;'/bf/ 7x¥ofpg] Joj:yfsf] cefjnfO{ k"lt{ ub}{ /fh:j cg';Gwfgsf] sfo{nfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg] Joj:yf ;lxt /fh:j r'xfj6 -cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ hf/L ul/Psf]df kl5 ;fljssf laqmL s/ P]g, cGtz'Ns P]g, cfos/ P]g, eG;f/ P]g vf/]h eO{ ;fljssf

@) /fh:j r'xfj6 -cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@

P]gsf] gfd

cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo ljsf; k|lti7fgsf] ;~rfns ;ldltdf pBf]uL Joj;foLx?sf] /fli6«o :t/sf] ;+u7g CNI nfO{ ;+nUg u/fpg cfjZos ePsf]n] .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

sfg'gx?df /x]sf] l/Qmtf k"lt{ ub}{ tt\tt\ sfg'gdf g} /fh:j 5nL u/]df sf/jfxL Pjd\ b08 ;hfo ug{] Joj:yf ;lxt qmdz d"No clej[4L s/ P]g @)%@, cGtz'Ns P]g @)%*, cfos/ P]g @)%* / eG;f/ P]g @)^$ / To;}u/L e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g @)!& vf/]h eO{ e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g @)%( nfu" eO{ xfn;Dd axfn /x]sf] 5 . e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g @)%( sf] bkmf & df s'g} sd{rf/Ln] /fh:j r'xfj6df d2t k'¥ofPdf e|i6frf/ u/]sf] 7xg]{ u/L Joj:yf ul/of] / tbg'?k /fh:j r'xfj6 -cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ df ;+zf]wg ul/of] . t/ xfn;Dd klg d"No clej[4L s/ P]g @)%@, cGtz'Ns P]g @)%*, cfos/ P]g @)%* / eG;f/ P]g @)^$ cg'?k ;+zf]wg ul/Pg .

3 != cWoIf, g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3 – ;b:o

bkmf ^ sf] pkbkmf -#_ sf] b]xfo -3_ kl5 lgDgfg';f/sf] -3 !_ yk ug]{ M

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf


54

o;k|sf/ cfos/ P]g @)%*, d'= c=s/ P]g @)%@, cGtz'Ns P]g @)%* / eG;f/ P]g @)^$ df g} tt\tt\ ;DaGwdf /fh:j 5nL -r'xfj6_ nfO{ lgoGq0f ug{] k|fjwfg /xL cg';Gwfg / b08 ;hfo ug{ ;Ifd /x]sf] / To;}u/L sd{rf/Lsf] ldnf]dtf]df /fh:j r'xfj6 ePdf tL P]gx? / ;fy} e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g @)%( sf] bkmf & adf]lhd b08 ;hfosf] Joj:yf u/L /fh:j r'xfj6 -cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ sf]

$= eG;f/ P]g @)^$ sf] bkmf #$, #%, #^, #&, #*, #(, $), $!, $@, $#, $$, %&, ^), ^#, ^%, &!, &^, df eG;f/ sd ltg]{ jf gltg]{ dgzfon] u/]sf sfd sf/afxLsf] cg';Gwfg, / b08 ;hfosf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .

#= cGtz'Ns P]g @)%* sf] !), !)`=, !!, !@, !#, !%, !^, !&, !* df cGt z'Ns gltg]{ jf sd ltg]{ dg;fon] u/]sf sfd sf/afxLsf] cg';Gwfg, / b08 ;hfosf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .

@= d"No clej[l4 s/ P]g @)%@ sf] bkmf @), @!, @@, @#, @#s= @#3=, @(, #), #!, #!s= #*, d'= c= s/ gltg]{ jf sd ltg]{ dg;fon] u/]sf sfd sf/jfxLsf] cg';Gwfg / b08 ;hfosf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .

!= cfos/ P]g @)%* sf] bkmf !)!, !@#, !@$, !@%, !@&, !@*, !#),!#!, !## df cfos/ gltg]{ jf sd ltg]{ dg;fon] u/]sf sfd sf/jfxLsf] cg';Gwfg, / b08 ;hfosf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .

xfn axfn /x]sf /fh:j;DaGwL ljz]if sfg'gx?df g} /fh:j 5n]df, r'xfj6 ePdf sf/jfxL ug]{ / cz'n pk/ ug]{ u/L lgDgfg';f/ kof{Kt Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 .

ctM /fh:j r'xfj6 -lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ df lgDgfg';f/ ;+zf]wg u/L d'n'ssf] cfly{s ljsf;sf] nflu Joj;foLs jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ug{ cfjZos 5 .

;fy} /fh:j cg';Gwfg ljefusf] jflif{s k|ltj]bgx?sf] cWoog ubf{ cfos/, d'= c= s/, cGtz'Ns / eG;f/tkm{ /fh:j c;'nLsf] k|ult gu0o ?kdf dfq /x]sf] sf/0faf6 klg lo ljifox?df /fh:j r'xfj6 -cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ sf] cf}lrTo b]lvb}g .

/fh:j r'xfj6 lgoGq0fdf ;3fp k'Â¥ofpg cGo d'n'sdf klg Revenue Intelligence/Revenue police/Investigation Bureau sf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] ePtf klg cg';Gwfg ug]{, ;hfo ug]{ / d'2f x]g]{ If]qflwsf/ ljifout sfg'gdf tf]sP adf]lhd x'g] ul/ Joj:yf ul/Psf]n] lt d'n'sx?df Gofo k|efljt x'gaf6 hf]luPsf] / pBf]uL Joj;foL k|ltzf]wsf] l;sf/ x'gaf6 ;'/lIft /x]sf 5g\ .

p2]Zo ljifout sfg'gx?n] k"lt{ ul/;s]sf] ePtf klg tbg'?k /fh:j r'xfj6 -lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ df ;+;f]wg gx'Fbf Ps} ljifodf leGgleGg sfg'gsf cfwf/df leGgleGg lgsfoaf6 cg';Gwfg, sf/afxL tyf ;hfo x'g] / d'2f x]g]{ If]qflwsf/ klg leGgleGg lgsfo jf c8\8f cbfntdf /xg] h:tf] cGof]nk'0f{ cj:yf ljBdfg 5 . h:sf] sf/0faf6 /fh:j r'xfj6 -cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ pBf]uL Joj;foL k|lt k|ltzf]w ;fWg] c:qsf] ?kdf klg k|of]u x'Fb} cfPsf] pBf]uL Joj;foLsf] lttf] cg'ej 5 .


55

/fhZj r'xfj6 -lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ df ;+zf]wg

ug'{kg]{ P]g

gfd

-s_ æ/fh:jÆ eGgfn] k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ ltg'{ a'´fpg' kg]{ eG;f/ dxz'n, cGtz'Ns, cfos/, dgf]/~hg s/, xf]6n s/, laqmL s/, ;jf/L;fwg s/, 3/hUuf axfn s/, 7]Ssf s/ / ;DklQ s/ ;D´g' k5{ / ;f] zAbn] k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd nfUg] cGo s/nfO{ ;d]t hgfp5 .

bkmf !# kl5 bkmf !# s= yk ug]{

kl/R5]b # bkmf !#

k|fjwfg

bkmf @ -s_

tyf bkmf

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h

P]gsf]

-!# s_ /fh:j cg';Gwfg ljefuaf6 cg';Gwfgsf] qmddf Joj;flos k|lti7fgdf 5fkfdfg{] jf l;naGbL ug]{ sf/afxL ug'{k'j{ /fh:j r'xfj6 u/]sf] cfz+sf ug'{kg]{ cfwf/ k]z u/L cbfntsf] cg'dlt lng' kg]{5 .

-s_ æ/fh:jÆ eGgfn] eG;f/ dxz'n, cGtz'Ns, cfos/, d'No clej[l4 s/ afx]s k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ ltg'{÷a'´fpg' kg]{] cGo s/nfO{ hgfp5 egL ;+zf]wg ul/g'kg]{ .

ug'{kg]{

x'g'kg]{ jf

cg';Gwfgsf] gfddf pBf]uL Joj;flo dfyL x'g] w/ks8, k|rf/afhL ug]{, Joj;foLs k|lti7fgdf 5fkfdfg]{, l;naGbL ug]{ h:tf sfd sf/afxLnfO{ lg?T;flxt u/L cg';Gwfg k|lqmofnfO{ k|efjsf/L, lgikIf / Gofof]lrt agfpg .

cfos/ P]g @)%*, d"No clej[l4 s/ P]g @)%@, cGtz'Ns P]g @)%* / eG;f/ P]g @)^$ cGtu{tsf] s;'/ ;DaGwdf tt\tt\ sfg'gx?df g} cg';Gwfg, sf/aflx / ;hfosf] Joj:yf x'Fbf /fh:j r'xfj6 -cg';Gwfg / lgoGq0f_ P]g @)%@ cfslif{t gx'g] Joj:yf ul/g'kg]{ .

ug'{kg]{ sf/0f

;+zf]wg÷vf/]h


56

@!

#= Initial Environment Examination (IEE) And Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) :jLs[ltsf] l;nl;nfdf pBf]uLx?n] ef]Ug kg]{ ´G´6 tyf ;dofjwLnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{ k|:tfjsf] 5fglag tyf :jLs[lt k|of]hgsf] nflu g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3, g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3, ;DalGwt lgsfo, sfof{nosf k|ltlgwL Pjd\ ljifout k|fljlws ;b:o /xg] u/L k|To]s k|b]zdf IEE-EIA Cell /xg] Joj:yf u/L jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%# / jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ df ;+zf]wg ug]{ .

@= jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%# sf] ljleGg bkmfx?df tyf jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ sf] ljleGg lgodx?df /x]sf] æ;DalGwt lgsfoÆ eGg] zAbx?sf] ;§fdf æpBf]u btf{ ug]{ lgsfoÆ eGg] /fvL ;+zf]wg ul/g'kg]{ .

!= Initial Environment Examination (IEE) And Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) k|:tfj :jLs[ltsf] nflu nfUg] ;do a9L ePsf]n] pBf]u ;~rfng ug{ cgfjZos ?kdf ljnDa x'g] / ;dosf] cGt/n] d]l;g/Lh\, hUuf, ejg lgdf{0f ;d]tsf] d"Noj[l4 eO{ kl/of]hgf nfut a9\g hfg] x'Fbf ljb]zL nufgLstf{ / ;fy} :jb]zL nufgLstf{x? lg?T;flxt eO{ cf}Bflus ljsf;df g} gsf/ fTds c;/ k/]sf]n] ljBdfg jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ sf] lgod $ sf] pklgod -!_ / -@_, lgod & sf] pklgod -@_, lgod !! sf] pklgod -!_ -@_ -#_ / -%_ df ;+zf]wg u/L k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0fsf] xsdf k|:tfj :jLs[ltsf] nflu nfUg] ;dofjwL IEE sf] xsdf clwstd !% lbg / jftfj/0fLo k|efj d"Nofª\sg EIA sf] xsdf k|:tfj :jLs[ltsf] nflu nfUg] ;dofjwL clwstd # dlxgf leqdf ;DkGg x'g] ul/ ;+zf]wg ul/g'kg]{ .

dfly k|:t't P]gdWo] sltko P]gx? g]kfnn] ælgb]{lzt cy{tGq cFufn]sf]Æ ;dodf ag]sf w]/} k'/fgf 5g\ eg] sltko P]g sfg'gx? g]kfn ljZj Jofkf/ ;+u7gsf] ;b:o eO;s]sf] cj:yfdf c;fGble{s / cGt/f{li6«o ;lGw;D´f}tf k|lts"n;d]t 5g\ . o;sf ;fy} pk/f]Qm P]gx?dWo] sltko P]gx? pBf]uL Joj;foLx? dfly ck|ToIf ?kdf k|ltzf]w tyf k"jf{u|x /fVg] lsl;dsf klg 5g\ eg] Pp6} s;'/nfO{ klg ljleGg P]gx?af6 5'§f–5'§} s;'/ dfgL ;hfo ug]{ Joj:yf u/]sf] j:t'l:ylt / tLtf] oyfy{ dgg\of]Uo 5 . t;y{ d'n'sdf cfly{s ljsf;sf ;fy} nufgL k|j4{gsf] nflu lghL If]q d}qL jftfj/0f tof/ ug{ pk/f]Qm P]gx?df cfjZos kl/dfh{gsf] Joj:yf ug{ ;s]df b]zdf cf}Bf]lus nufgL j[l4 ug{, s'n ufx{:y pTkfbg j[l4 u/L /f]huf/L l;h{gf ug{, j}b]lzs Jofkf/ / /fh:jdf j[l4 ug{ / b]zdf g} lj1fg / k|ljlwsf] ljsf; ug{ cTofjZos /x]sf]n] g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3n] lghL If]qn] k'¥ofpg ;Sg] of]ubfgsf] cfwf/df of] ;'´fj g]kfn ;/sf/, ;a} /fhgLlts bn, gful/s ;dfh / ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnf ;dIf k|:t't ub{5 .

jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$


xfdLn] tkfO{+sf] lgIf]ksf nflu tkfO{+n] /f]h]cg';f/ cfsif{s k|ltkmn ;lxtsf ljleGg lgIf]k of]hgfx? ;~rfngdf NofPsf 5f}+ . cfh} cfÂ&#x201D;gf] of]hgf adf]lhdsf] lgIf]k vftf vf]nL cfsif{s Aofhb/ cfh{g ug]{ cj;/sf] nfe p7fpg'x'g cg'/f]w ub{5f}+ .

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Road Map for Prosperity and Legal Reforms  

With the winding up of protracted political transition in the country has emerged an unprecedented opportunity for the overall economic and...

Road Map for Prosperity and Legal Reforms  

With the winding up of protracted political transition in the country has emerged an unprecedented opportunity for the overall economic and...

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