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TRITON XXIV

Sessions II-IV

January 19-20, 2021


TRITON XXIV January 19–20, 2021 To Be Conducted Live Online Featuring: Ancient, World, and British Coins from the Lampasas Collection Ancient Coins from the William H. Birkinshaw, Grand Haven, Weise, and TAB Collections Greek Coins from the Collections of Jonathan P. Rosen and a Northern California Gentleman A Stater from the First Gold Issue of Pantikapaion A Large Selection of Kyzikos Electrum, featuring 90 Staters from the Rosen & Siren Collections A Masterful Tetradrachm of Pixodaros A Gold Dinar of the Sasanian King Ohrmazd (Hormizd) I Roman Gold Coins from the Collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M, O.B.E. Extremely Rare Portrait Aurei of Brutus, Antony & Octavia, and Octavian & Divus Julius Caesar Coins of Tiberius from the David Feinstein Collection Iconic Umayyad Year 77 Dinar An Impressive and Extremely Rare Danzig 10 Dukaty of Jan II Kazimierz Further Selections from the Princeps Collection of Transylvanian Coinage, featuring a Gold 3 Dukát of József II from the Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint British Coins from the Arthur M. Fitts Collection, featuring Charles I and the English Civil War A Classic English Rarity -- the Mary Ship Ryal from the Tower Mint

Classical Numismatic Group, LLC

United States Office: PO Box 479, Lancaster, PA 17608-0479, U.S.A. Tel: (717) 390-9194 Fax: (717) 390-9978

United Kingdom Office: 20 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QA, U.K. Tel: +44 (20) 7495 1888 Fax: +44 (20) 7499 5916

Email: cng@cngcoins.com

Website: www.cngcoins.com


Grading Conditions English

Proof Mint State/Uncirculated Extremely Fine (EF) Very Fine (VF) Fine Good/Fair

Deutsch

Français

Polierte Platte Stempelglanz Vorzüglich Sehr Schön Schön Gut

Flan Bruni Fleur de Coin Superbe Très Beau Beau Bien

Italiano

Fondo Specchio Fior di Conio Splendido Bellissimo Molto Bello Bello

Common Abbreviations

AD Anno Domini BE Bithynio-Pontic Era IY Indictional Year Æ Bronze BI Billon MBS Mail Bid Sale AE Actian Era CE Common Era mm Mintmark AH Anno Hegirae Cf. Confer (compare) PB Lead AR Silver c/m Countermark p. Page AV Gold CY Civic Year (Era) pl. Plate BBS Buy or Bid Sale EL Electrum RPE Roman Provincial Era BC Before Christ FPL Fixed Price List RY Regnal Year BCE Before the Common Era g Gram SE Seleukid Era See Bibliography on our website, www.cngcoins.com, for a complete list of reference abbreviations.

Bank Accounts Beneficiary: Classical Numismatic Group, LLC US$ Account:

€ Account:

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£ Account:

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HSBC Bank plc 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TR Account Number: 71170910 Sort code: 40 11 60 IBAN: GB45HBUK40116071170910

BIC or SWIFT: HBUKGB4B BIC or SWIFT: HBUKGB4B

Classical Numismatic Group, LLC is a United States limited company. United Kingdom Registration No. FC035702, Branch No. BR020787. All lots in this auction were in the possession of CNG in CNG’s Lancaster, Pennsylvania office no later than 11 November 2020. This information is provided for the protection of buyers in the event that US import restrictions are introduced subsequent to that date on any of the types of coins and antiquities that are included in this auction.

Notice Regarding “Slabs”

Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”).

Acknowledgement CNG would like to thank Jan Moens (jan.moens@bvdmc.com) for creating and providing the Numismatica Medievalis font used in this sale.

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AUCTION TERMS 6. Estimates are in U.S. dollars ($US) and bids must be in even dollar ($) amounts. CNG will execute mail bids on behalf of mail bidders. Subject to reserves and opening prices, mail bids will be executed at one bidding increment (approximately 10%) over the next highest bid. In the case of identical bids, the earliest bid wins. A mail bid has priority over an identical floor bid. Bid by lot number. No lots will be broken. Bidders are responsible for errors in bidding. Check your bid sheet carefully.

This is a public, mail bid, and internet auction conducted by Classical Numismatic Group, LLC (CNG). Bidding in the auction constitutes acceptance of the following terms: 1. The property listed in this catalogue is offered for sale by CNG for itself and as agent for various owners and other consignors. We reserve the right to reject any bid, to determine the opening price, to set bidding increments, to vary the order of the auction, to reopen bidding in the case of a dispute, to withdraw any lot, to bid on behalf of CNG, to bid on behalf of the consignor, to permit the auctioneer to bid on his own behalf, and to permit the consignor to bid on his own lots. CNG may loan or advance money to consignors or prospective bidders, and may have an interest other than commission charges in any lot. CNG may bid on its own account as an “insider” with information not available to the public.

7. All lots are subject to reserve unless otherwise indicated. However, no reserve will be higher than the estimate, and ordinarily lots are reserved at 60% of estimate. 8. Bidders personally guarantee payment for their successful bids, including bidders executing commission bids from other parties and bidders representing corporations or other entities. Buyers accepting commission bids from other parties do so at their own risk and remain responsible for payment under these Auction Terms.

2. A buyer’s fee will be charged to all successful bidders as follows on the hammer price: A. 22.5% for written, fax, email, telephone, and live internet bids. B. 20% for floor bids placed in person at the auction and electronic bids placed directly on www.cngcoins.com. All written bids, email bids, non-live telephone bids, live internet bid registrations, and live telephone bid registrations must be received before 5PM Eastern time on the day before the auction begins. CNG reserves the right to change the format of www.cngcoins.com at any time.

9. At the conclusion of bidding for each lot, the sale contract is concluded and the successful bidder becomes liable for immediate payment under these Auction Terms. In the event a successful bidder fails to make full payment within 30 days of the auction date, CNG reserves the right either: (a) to require payment as provided under these Auction Terms; or (b) to deem the sale incomplete and to re-auction the material, in which case the successful bidder agrees to pay for the reasonable cost of such a sale and also to pay any shortfall between the re-auction price and the successful bidder’s purchase price. CNG reserves all rights that it is entitled to under the Pennsylvania Uniform Commercial Code, including the right to offset any sums due from a successful bidder against any future consignment or purchase or monies or goods in possession of CNG.

3. All coins are guaranteed genuine. Attribution, date, condition, and other descriptions are the opinion of the cataloguer, and no warranty is expressed or implied. Please note that an auction sale is not an approval sale. Lots examined prior to the sale and lots purchased by floor bidders (including bidders executing commission bids on behalf of other parties) may not be returned for any reason except lack of authenticity. All claims of misdescription and all claims of return, except claims regarding authenticity, must be made within 5 days of receipt of material. Any claim of lack of authenticity must be made in writing by the original purchaser immediately after discovery that an item is not authentic, and upon making such a claim the original purchaser must immediately return the lot to CNG in the same condition as at the time of the auction. Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”). If payment is made by credit card, rights of return are governed by these Auction Terms which supercede any rights of return promulgated by the card issuer. Estimates are intended as a guide only and not as a statement of opinion of value.

10. Sales tax, postage, handling and insurance are the responsibility of the buyer and are added to all invoices where appropriate. For buyers in the European Union, CNG may import lots into the United Kingdom prior to shipment and charge buyers the import Value Added Tax. On any tax not paid by the purchaser which should have been paid, even if not invoiced by CNG, the purchaser agrees to pay the same on demand together with any interest or penalty that may be assessed. It is the responsibility of the buyer to comply with foreign customs and other regulations. 11. Prices realized are published after the sale and are mailed with CNG’s next publication. Prices realized are also posted after the sale on CNG’s web site: www.cngcoins.com 12. Bidders hereby waive any claim for incidental, consequential or exemplary damages arising from this auction. The sole remedy that any participant in the auction shall have for any claim or controversy arising out of the auction shall be a refund, without interest, of all or part of the purchase price paid by the participant.

4. Invoices are due and payable immediately upon receipt. Interest and late fees of 2.0% per month, or at the highest rate permitted by law, whichever is less, from the date of the auction, shall be payable on invoices not settled within 30 days of the auction date. Payment may be made by check or bank wire. Credit cards (Visa or MasterCard) will be accepted; credit card payments will not be accepted more than 14 days after the sale date. Payment by credit card for printed sale auctions will be charged a 2.5% handling fee. Payment by check must be made in either US dollars ($) drawn on a US bank or British sterling (£) drawn on a British bank. All successful bidders outside North America and the United Kingdom will be charged an additional $20 fee for bank charges that are the result of international wire transfer fees; this fee will be deducted for credit card or check payment as described above. CNG may reduce or compromise any charge or fee at its discretion. 5. Bidders not known to us must provide us with satisfactory credit references or pay a deposit as determined at CNG’s discretion before bidding. Minors are not permitted to bid without written consent of a parent guaranteeing payment. CNG may require payment in full from any bidder prior to delivery of lots. Title does not pass until lots are paid in full. Upon receipt of lots, the buyer assumes full responsibility for loss or damage. Delivery to the buyer’s address of record shall constitute receipt by the buyer regardless of the identity of the person accepting delivery.

13. All rights granted by CNG or otherwise available to bidders and purchasers, under these Auction Terms or otherwise, are personal and may not be assigned or transferred to any other person or entity, whether by operation of law or otherwise. No third party may rely on any benefit or right conferred by these Auction Terms. Bidders acting as agents must disclose the agency in writing to CNG prior to the auction; otherwise rights are limited to the agent and are not transferable to the undisclosed principal.

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14. Any dispute regarding this auction shall be governed by the laws of Pennsylvania and shall be adjudicated only by the Lancaster County Court of Common Pleas or the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania; all bidders submit themselves to the personal jurisdiction of these courts for this purpose, consent to service of process by registered or certified mail, and waive any contrary provisions of Articles 14 or 15 of the French Civil Code and any similar provisions in any jurisdiction. All bidders consent to the confidentiality of consignors’ identities and waive any right to require disclosure of the name of the consignor or owner of any auction lot, whether such right is based on New York GOL §5-701(a) or any other provision in any jurisdiction. In any dispute regarding this auction, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its reasonable costs and attorney fees.


Meet the Team

Mike Gasvoda

Victor England

Eric McFadden

Dave Michaels

Steve Pruzinsky

David Guest

Paul Hill

Bradley R. Nelson

D. Scott VanHorn

Kerry Wetterstrom

Ken McDevitt

Bill Dalzell

Caroline Holmes

Jeffrey B. Rill

Lance Hickman

Travis Markel

Ally Martin

Dylan Ossman

Karen Zander

Managing Director Lancaster Office

Managing Numismatist London Office

Managing Numismatist Sale Development Lancaster Office

Manager IT & Production Lancaster Office

Consulting Director Lancaster Office

Managing Numismatist London Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Photography Lancaster Office

Consulting Director London Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist London Office

Photography Lancaster Office

Director Shows & Consignments Lancaster Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Office Manager Lancaster Office

Chief Financial Officer Lancaster Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Alexandra Spyra

Office Manager London Office

Additional Support IT Consultant: A.J. Gatlin Printing Control: Robert A. Trimble Auctioneers: Jeffrey B. Rill (License No. AU006206) Brian Callahan (License No. AU005870)

Sharon Pruzinsky Accounting Lancaster Office

Kate Rill

Customer Relations Manager Lancaster Office

Julia Motter

Office Staff Lancaster Office


Participate in Triton XXIV using CNG’s New Bidding Portal

With the new CNG Bidding Portal, you can: • Log on and bid at any time at auctions.cngcoins.com • View the lots, follow the bidding, and see hammer prices as they are sold • Hear and see the auctioneer live • Enjoy all the advantages of an auction room bidder to win your favorite lots To bid live in the Triton auction: • Visit our new Bidding Portal before the auction at auctions.cngcoins.com • Register online with your email address and a password • Once approved, you may place pre-bids up until the moment the lot opens in the auction room • On the auction day, login to join the auction and participate live Please Note • If you have not already registered for our new bidding platform, launched in November 2019, you must create a new registration at auctions.cngcoins.com/register. Your old cngcoins.com handle and password will not allow you to log on or bid. • You must register to bid before 5PM EST on Monday, January 18, 2021 • All lots won through the CNG Bidding Portal will be subject to a 20% buyer’s fee

Download our new app today.

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Important Notice of Changes Due to the current situation regarding the novel coronavirus COVID-19, governments may change restrictions upon public gatherings and travel. It is therefore possible that all of the information below, regarding venue, lot viewing, and lot pickup, as well as the terms of sale listed above, may change. CNG will communicate any changes via email and social media (Facebook and Twitter).

Lot Viewing Lancaster, PA

Auction lots may be viewed at our Lancaster Office from December 2, 2020 until January 18, 2021, by appointment only. Lancaster Office Hours: 10 AM - 5 PM (Monday - Friday).

Online Viewing Enlargements of all single lots and selected multiple lots may be viewed on the internet at

CNGCOINS.COM SIXBID.COM NumisBids.com We are sorry, but photographs of individual coins in multiple lots cannot be provided.

Auction Location This Sale will be conducted live Online from our Lancaster, PA Office

Lot Pickup Lots will be mailed from our Lancaster, PA Office subsequent to the sale

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ORDER OF SALE Session One – Tuesday Morning – January 19 – 9:00 AM The Merani Collection (see separate catalog). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–330

Session Two – Tuesday Afternoon – January 19 – 2:00 PM Greek Coinage (part 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331–693

Session Three – Wednesday Morning – January 20 – 9:00 AM Greek Coinage (part 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694–831 Celtic Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 832–843 Oriental Greek Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844–854 Central Asian Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 855–882 Roman Provincial Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 883–928 Roman Republican & Imperatorial Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 929–984 Roman Imperial Coinage (part 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 985–1089

Session Four – Wednesday Afternoon – January 20 – 2:00 PM Roman Imperial Coinage (part 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1090–1163

Byzantine Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1164–1206

Early Medieval & Islamic Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1207–1232 World Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1233–1346 World Medals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1347–1358 British Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1359–1459 British Medals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1460 Antiquities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1461

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Session 2 – Tuesday, January 19, 2021 — 2 PM

GREEK COINAGE

331. PICENUM, Hatria. Circa 275-225 BC. Cast Æ Quincunx (59mm, 210.50 g, 1h). Head of female left, emerging from horizontal murex shell; ˙Åt below / Pegasos flying right; five pellets (mark of value) below. Marveggio Variety a, fig. 18; Campana 2A; ICC 237; Haeberlin pl. 75, 7–11 and pl. 96, 10; HN Italy 12; SNG Copenhagen 87; BMC 4–5; McClean 79. Green patina, casting pits on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($10,000) Ex Artemide Aste LII (27 October 2019), lot 7. A notoriously difficult issue to find as an original; a number of good copies were made for collectors during the Renaissance and later, that, once patinated, are very difficult to distinguish from the few known originals.

332. CAMPANIA, Neapolis. 350-325 BC. AR Nomos (19.5mm, 7.49 g, 12h). Head of nymph right, wearing broad headband, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; E behind neck / Man-headed bull walking right, head facing; above, Nike flying right, placing wreath on bull’s head; @Eoπo¬5t˙s in exergue (only traces visible). Sambon 365; HN Italy 565; SNG ANS 296 (same obv. die); SNG BN 680 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 66; Dewing 94 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, slight die shift on reverse, a couple minor scratches. VF. Fine style. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton II (1 December 1998), lot 19; Classical Numismatic Group 45 (18 March 1998), lot 17; Classical Numismatic Group 38 (6 June 1996), lot 15.

333. CAMPANIA, Neapolis. Circa 275-250 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.35 g, 12h). Head of nymph left, hair restrained in band, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace; trident head behind neck / Man-headed bull standing right, head facing; above, Nike flying right, crowing bull with open laurel wreath held in her extended right hand; E below; [@]Eoπo¬5tW[@] in exergue. Sambon 528; HN Italy 586; SNG ANS –; SNG Lloyd –; SNG BN –; Hunterian 67. Toned, underlying luster. VF. Struck on a broad flan. Choice for issue. ($1500) From the Weise Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins, 13 January 2006.

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334. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 450-380 BC. AR Trias (6.5mm, 0.15 g, 3h). t; three pellets (mark of value) around / t; three pellets (mark of value) around. Vlasto 1189–93; HN Italy 853; SNG ANS 1350–1; SNG BN 1648–51; SNG Lloyd –; Pozzi (Boutin) 430. Old cabinet tone. Good VF. ($500) From the Judy Day Frink Collection. Ex CNG inventory 701515 (May 1997).

335. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 333-331/0 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.80 g, 12h). Warrior, nude, preparing to cast spear held aloft in right hand, and holding two others with shield in left, on horse rearing right; ^ to left, ¬ to right; below, ˚Ŭ above d / Phalanthos, right hand adjusting crest of helmet he holds in his left, riding dolphin right; stars flanking, ˚Ŭ below. Fischer-Bossert Group 59, 761 (V297/R589); Vlasto 548 (same dies); Côte I 214 (same dies); HN Italy 896; SNG München 640 (same dies); Basel 93 (same dies). Toned, minor die wear, minor flan flaw and light graffito under tone on reverse. Good VF. ($750)

Wonderful Tarentum Stater

336. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 281-276 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Youthful head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Taras(?), holding reins in right hand, trident in left, driving fast biga right; star above; below horses, ˚¬˙ above dolphin downward. Fischer-Bossert G20 (V17/R20); Vlasto, Or Type O 1 [a]; Vlasto 18 (same dies); HN Italy 955; Hirsch 85 (same dies); McClean 600 (same dies). Lustrous. Superb EF. Well centered and struck. ($50,000) There is a divergence of opinion concerning the dating of this attractive gold issue of Tarentum, which displays a youthful head of Herakles resembling the Macedonian issues of Alexander III the Great and a reverse depicting a nude male youth holding a trident, probably Taras / Phalanthos, driving a biga. The lack of a civic ethnic and the control letters KΛH on the reverse led N. K. Rutter, in Historia Nummorum Italy, and Oliver Hoover in Handbook of Greek Coins Vol. I, to place their minting during the expedition of the Spartan commander Kleonymos, who crossed to Italy at Tarentum’s invitation circa 302 BC, to pay his large mercenary army. Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert, citing the support of S. Garraffo and G.K. Jenkins, places the issue during the more famous Italian expedition of Pyrrhos of Epiros, circa 281-276 BC. The type’s great rarity means there is little in the way of hoard evidence to support either side. However, their similarity to Pyrrhic bronze issues in Sicily and Pyrrhos’s strong desire to emulate Alexander the Great argue for the latter dating, in which case the KΛH refers to a magistrate rather than to Kleonymos.

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337. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos (21.5mm, 7.87 g, 7h). Warrior, nude, preparing to cast spear held aloft in right hand, and holding two others with shield in left, on horse rearing right; s5 to left, dE5@o˚rÅt˙s below / Phalanthos, holding dolphin in extended right hand, riding dolphin left; tÅrÅs to right. Vlasto 692–3; HN Italy 967; SNG ANS 1068 (same obv. die); SNG BN 1883; SNG Lloyd –. Attractive light toning, slightly off center and some die wear on reverse. EF. Well centered and struck for issue, with clear name on obverse. ($1000) Ex Bolaffi 33 (29 November 2018), lot 186 (pedigree listed there to M&M AG FPL 341 is erroneous).

338 339 338. LUCANIA, Herakleia. Circa 281-278 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 3.79 g, 9h). Head of Athena facing slightly right, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla throwing a stone, and single-pendant earring; f5 below left helmet crest / Owl standing right, head facing, on olive branch; ^˙rÅk¬˙5W@ above, sWs5 to left, vertical club to right. Van Keuren 114 (same obv. die as illustration); HN Italy 1416; SNG ANS –; SNG Lloyd –; Dewing –; Jameson 247 (same dies); McClean –; Pozzi –. Iridescent tone, slight die wear on obverse, flan flaw and marks on reverse. Good VF. Very rare. ($500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3061 (7 January 2018), lot 29017.

339. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 540-510 BC. AR Third Nomos (17.5mm, 2.76 g, 12h). Ear of barley with seven grains and bracts at base; [7eT down left field] / Incuse ear of barley with seven grains. Noe Class I, 29–33; Gorini 5; HN Italy 1460; SNG ANS 174–7; SNG Lloyd 294; SNG Lockett 373–4. Old collection tone with some golden hues, area of weak strike on obverse. Good VF. Excellent metal for issue. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection, purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd. (inv. no. 29499). Ex Münzen und Medaillen GmbH 4 (19 March 1999), lot 14; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 216 (October 1961), no. 6.

Exceptional for Issue

340. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 440-430 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.99 g, 2h). Ear of barley with seven grains; 7EtÅ up left field / Apollo, nude, standing facing, head left, holding small laurel tree in right hand and bow in left. Noe 315 (same dies); HN Italy 1496; BMC 46 (same obv. die); de Luynes 465 (same obv. die); Gillet 135 (same dies); Pozzi 165 (same dies); Kraay & Hirmer 232. Attractive old collection tone, slight die wear on obverse. Good VF. Exceptional for this difficult issue, notorious for metal problems and very worn dies, finer than the Gillet specimen. ($10,000) Ex Leu 79 (31 October 2000), lot 255; Münzen und Medaillen AG 41 (18 June 1970), lot 9.

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341 342 341. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 340-330 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.68 g, 4h). Bearded head of Leukippos right, wearing Corinthian helmet; cross-torch to left / Barley ear with leaf to right; ÂEtÅ upward to left, ^[˙] above leaf. Johnston Class A, 5.3 (same dies); HN Italy 1555; SNG ANS 405–6 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 382 (same obv. die); SNG München 986 (same dies). Light iridescent tone, graffiti and minor die break on reverse. Good VF. Attractive. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 45 (18 March 1998), lot 45; G. Hirsch 167 (26 September 1990), lot 118.

342. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 330-290 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.87 g, 2h). Head of Demeter facing slightly right, wearing grain ear wreath, triple-pendant earrings, and necklace; tiny Åπ to lower right / Barley ear with leaf to right; µEtÅ upward to left, bucranium above leaf, ÅQÅ below. Johnston Class C, 2.2 (same dies); HN Italy 1584; SNG ANS 463–4 (same dies); SNG Fitzwilliam 503 (same dies); SNG München 992 (same dies); Dewing 388 (same dies); Jameson 318 (same dies). Toned, underlying luster, minor flan flaw on obverse. Good VF. ($2000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex New York Sale XL (12 January 2017), lot 1007.

343. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 290-280 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.86 g, 1h). Head of Demeter right, wearing wreath of grain ears, single-pendant earring, and necklace; [d to left] / Barley ear of six grains, leaf to right; ÂEtÅ to left; above leaf, star above two amphoras, f5 below. Johnston Class D, 4.16 (same dies); HN Italy 1625; SNG ANS 517 (same dies); SNG Ashmolean 790–2 (same dies); SNG Lloyd –. Iridescent tone over fully lustrous surfaces, slightly off center, some die wear, light die rust on obverse. EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3072 (15 January 2019), lot 35028.

344. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 550-510 BC. AR Nomos (30mm, 8.01 g). Bull standing left, head right; ¨µ in exergue / Incuse bull standing right, head left. S&S Class B, pl. XLVIII, 4–8; Gorini 2; HN Italy 1729; SNG ANS 828–44; SNG Lloyd 449–50; Basel 168–9; Bement 213; Dewing 406–7; Gillet 215. Deep old collection tone. VF. ($2000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased in 1951 in England. Includes an old Rinaldi & Figlio ticket.

345. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 550-510 BC. AR Obol (9mm, 0.39 g, 4h). Bull standing left, head right; ¨µ in exergue / Large µ above ¨. S&S Class B, pl. XLVIII, 12; HN Italy 1739; SNG ANS 854; SNG Ashmolean –; SNG Lloyd –. Toned, a hint of die wear. EF. Excellent metal for issue. ($500) From the Judy Day Frink Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 42 (29 May 1997), lot 68.

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346. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 453-448 BC or 440-400 BC. AR Nomos (18mm, 7.84 g, 12h). Bull standing left / Bull standing right; ÅB¨Â above. Cf. HN Italy 1747; otherwise, unpublished in the standard references. Toned, light porosity, trace deposits. VF. Extremely rare, only two in CoinArchives: Stack’s, 12 Jan. 2009, lot 2063 = Stack’s, 24 Apr. 2008, lot 2018 = Stack’s, 14 Jan. 2008 [Lawrence Stack Collection], lot 2035, and Roma XI, lot 25 = Roma IX, lot 26 = Roma VI, lot 321. ($3000)

347

348

347. LUCANIA, Thourioi. Circa 400-350 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.66 g, 12h). Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet with neck guard, the bowl decorated with Skylla holding trident / Bull butting right, head facing, on dotted ground line; above, QoUr5W@ above A; in exergue, fish right. HN Italy 1791c; SNG ANS 1041 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 1442 (same dies); SNG München 1196. Slightly weak strike in center, minor double strike on obverse. Near EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

348. LUCANIA, Thourioi. Circa 400-350 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.95 g, 3h). Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet with neck guard, the bowl decorated with Skylla pointing / Bull butting right, head facing, on dotted ground line; QoUr5W@ above; in exergue, fish right. HN Italy 1802; SNG ANS 1005; SNG Ashmolean 958; SNG Lloyd 484 (same dies); Dewing 442 (same dies). Attractive light iridescent tone, minor die wear on obverse. EF. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection, purchased from Edward J. Waddell Ltd., 22 July 1997 (inv. no. C24305). Ex Münzen und Medaillen AG 85 (11 April 1997), lot 17; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 584 (March 1995), lot 11.

349 350 349. LUCANIA, Thourioi. Circa 350-300 BC. AR Dinomos – Distater (27mm, 15.27 g, 10h). Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet with neck guard, the bowl decorated with Skylla throwing a stone / Bull butting right, head facing, on plain ground line; QoUr5W@ above; [in exergue, ˙-rÅ flanking head of lion right]; all within shallow incuse square. Noe, Thurian, Group N, 10 (same dies as illustration); HN Italy 1859; SNG ANS 983 (same dies); Hunterian 25 (same dies); McClean 1268 (same dies); Weber 884 (same dies). Toned, trace deposits, minor areas of weak strike. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan, and good metal for issue. ($2000) Ex Nomos 19 (17 November 2019), lot 38.

350. LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 334-300 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.60 g, 1h). Kleudoros group. Head of Athena left, wearing crested and laureate Attic helmet; 4 behind neck / Lion standing left, head reverted, its forepaws on an upturned ram’s head; 4 below; UE¬˙tW@ in exergue. Williams Period VI, 378 (O190/R266); HN Italy 1297; SNG ANS 1317 (same dies); SNG Ashmolean 1242 (same dies); BMC 68 (same dies); McClean 1455 (same dies); Winterthur 345 = Pozzi 252 (same dies). Attractive deep iridescent tone, traces of find patina and minor die wear on obverse, slight die shift and light mark under tone on reverse. EF. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 53 (15 March 2000), lot 74.

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Ex Lockett Collection – Williams Plate Coin

351. LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.34 g, 3h). Philistion group. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with laurel wreath and griffin springing right; Å behind neck guard, f before neck / Lion standing right; above, dolphin between 5 and f; UE¬˙tW@ in exergue. Williams 444e (O232/R326) = SNG Lockett 565 (this coin); HN Italy 1307; SNG Ashmolean 1334 (same dies); McClean 1459 (same dies). Lovely old cabinet tone, scrape on reverse, some light marks under tone. Good VF. Well centered and struck, with excellent metal. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins (Bill Kalmbach), 2009. Ex Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Greek Part I, Glendining, 25 October 1955), lot 447. Lot includes an old collection ticket and an old Spink stock ticket.

352. BRUTTIUM, Kaulonia. Circa 525-500 BC. AR Nomos (29.5mm, 7.97 g, 12h). Apollo advancing right, holding branch aloft in right hand, left arm extended, upon which a small daimon, holding branch in each hand, runs right; ˚~¨Ò to left; to right, stag standing right, head reverted; dot-and-cable border / Incuse of obverse, but daimon, branch, and stag’s antlers in outline, and no ethnic; radiate border. Noe, Caulonia, Group A, 22 (same dies); Gorini 3; HN Italy 2035; SNG ANS 150 (same dies); SNG München 1398 (same dies). Toned, a few light marks, short flan crack. Near EF. Excellent metal for issue. ($10,000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Tkalec (28 February 2013), lot 19.

353 354 353. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 530-500 BC. AR Nomos (27.5mm, 8.19 g, 12h). Spread incuse type. Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion’s feet, two serpents rising from the bowl and the two outer legs below; Jro to left, crab to right / Incuse tripod as obverse, but wreaths and lower serpents relief, no serpents rising from the bowl; orJ to left, outline of crab to right, zig-zag line in exergue, radiate border. Attianese 31–2 var. (ethnic on rev.); Gorini 15 var. (same); HN Italy 2078; SNG ANS 244–6 var. (same); SNG Lloyd 593 var. (same); Gillet 286 (same dies). Attractive cabinet tone, deposit at edge. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Schweizerischer Bankverein 29 (28 January 1992), lot 22.

354. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Nomos (24mm, 7.91 g, 3h). Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion’s feet, set on basis of two lines, the upper dotted; Jro-ton at sides / Incuse eagle flying right. Attianese 12 (same dies as illustration); Gorini 7; HN Italy 2095; McClean 1664 (same dies). Old cabinet tone, scuff on obverse, minor scratches. Good VF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Ponterio 157 (7 January 2011), lot 2004.

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Extremely Rare Kroton-Pandosia “Alliance” Issue

355. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Alliance issue with Pandosia. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Nomos (26.5mm, 7.94 g, 5h). Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion’s feet, set on basis of three lines, the central dotted; Jro to left / Bull standing right, head reverted, in linear rectangle within incuse rectangle; π~n-oÎ in margin above and below; radiate border. Montesanti Series VII-1, fig. 13 = Gorini 3 ill. = Basel 205 (same dies); HN Italy 2097; SNG Ashmolean 1534 (same rev. die); BM Museum No. 1950,1002.2 (same rev. die); Garrucci pl. CIX, 2 (“Collection Santangelo”); Gilet 289 (same dies); Hess-Leu 24, lot 37 = Hess-Leu [9], lot 39 (same rev. die); Traité I 2175, pl. LXX, 12 (same dies); Rev. A.W. Hands, Coins of Magna Graecia (London, 1909), p. 193 ill. (rev. only, same die). Lightly toned, usual light roughness. VF. Extremely rare Alliance issue, only eight published with bull right; the first offering of the type since the sale of the Basel piece in NAC 13 (1998). ($20,000) From the Kenneth Bressett Collection, purchased from the collection of Walter Sheridan, 2003. In 510 BC, Kroton destroyed its rival, Sybaris. Current scholarship indicates that the cities of Pandosia and Temesa were associated with Sybaris, and that, following the destruction of the latter, all of these cities came under the domination of Kroton. Although some references refer to the association of these cites as an alliance, it was more likely a dominion that was controlled by Kroton, with Pandosia, Sybaris, and Temesa acting as dependencies (see Rutter, Greek, p. 36, and IACP p. 267). This association was commemorated on a variety of coin issues, which were struck almost exclusively at Kroton; Temesa being the only other, striking a single issue that is quite rare today. Other than these coins, there is little evidence attesting to the activity of this dominion, and it appears to have dissolved at some point in the second half of the 5th century BC. All of the issues feature the canonical tripod and ethnic of Kroton on the obverse (except for that at Temesa, which lacks the ethnic), while the reverses feature the iconography and ethnic of one of the other cities. The first of these issues was struck near the end of Kroton’s incuse type coinage, c. 500-480 BC, and the present coin is from this early group. On these coins, the reverse features the ethnic of Pandosia and a bull standing with its head reverted. The bull is depicted as it is typically found on contemporary issues at Sybaris, and its appearance here suggests that Pandosia had previously been a dependency of Sybaris (see IACP p. 285). This coinage is arguably the rarest of all the “alliance” coin issues, with approximately only nine examples, struck from two obverse and two reverse dies, known today.

356. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Alliance issue with Temesa. Circa 480-430 BC. AR Nomos (19.5mm, 7.54 g, 12h). Dumpy incuse type. Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion’s feet; Jro to left, tE to right / Incuse tripod; [Jro to left], t[E] to right, radiate border. Montesanti Series IX, 4; Attianese 46; Gorini 4 and p. 179 (same dies as illustration); HN Italy 2107; SNG ANS (Part V) 1281 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 632 (same dies). Lightly toned, minor doubling on reverse. Good VF. Very rare, only two in CoinArchives. ($2000)

357. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 425-350 BC. AR Nomos (23mm, 7.88 g, 1h). Eagle standing left, head raised and wings spread; ∫o5 in exergue / Tripod with high neck surmounted by wreaths, fillet tied to left wreath and hanging to left; Jro to right. Attianese 103 (same dies as illustration); cf. HN Italy 2150; SNG ANS 347 var. (crab and longer legend on obv.; same rev. die); SNG München 1449. Iridescent tone, minor double strike on obverse. Near EF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Peus 398 (28 April 2009), lot 40.

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358. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 400-325 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.94 g, 11h). Head of Hera Lakinia facing slightly right, wearing necklace with pendants and stephanos decorated with palmettes; [d to right] / Herakles Epitrapezios: young Herakles, nude, holding cup in extended right hand, reclining left on lion skin draped over rock; above, crossed bow and club above µd; [˚rotW] and tripod to left. Attianese 141 (same dies as illustration); HN Italy 2164; SNG ANS 382 (same dies); SNG Gale 1085 (same dies); Gillet 237 (same dies); Hunt II 215 (same dies); Pozzi 242 (same dies). Toned. In NGC encapsulation 4681702-006, graded MS★, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 5/5. ($4000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (23 May 2016), lot 105; Sternberg XXVI (16 November 1992), lot 40.

359. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 400-325 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.62 g, 11h). Head of Hera Lakinia facing slightly right, wearing [necklace] and stephanos decorated with two annulets between three palmettes / Herakles Epitrapezios: young Herakles, nude, holding cup in extended right hand and club in left, reclining left on lion skin draped over rock; ˚ro-tW@5[ÅtÅ@] around, bow below. Attianese 135 corr. (no signature, same dies as illustration); HN Italy 2167; SNG ANS 371 = Locker Lampson 47 (same obv. die); SNG Ashmolean 1521 = ACGC 636 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 616 (same dies); Basel 198. Lightly toned, with some iridescence around the devices, a little off center, graffiti in field on reverse. Good VF. Struck with artistic dies. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 54 (24 March 2010), lot 704.

360. BRUTTIUM, Lokroi Epizephyrioi. Circa 350-275 BC. AR Stater (19.5mm, 8.84 g, 3h). Pegasos flying left; thunderbolt below / Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with neck guard; ¬o˚rW@ to left. Pozzi Paolini Group II, g; Pegasi 13; HN Italy 2342; SNG ANS 515; SNG Lloyd 648; Pozzi 1731. In NGC encapsulation 3762494-016, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 211 (4 March 2013), lot 44.

Fine Classical Style

361. BRUTTIUM, Terina. Circa 400-356 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.86 g, 11h). Head of the nymph Terina right, hair in sphendone; tEr5@Å5W@ to left / Nike seated left on plinth, holding out right hand upon which a small bird alights, left hand resting on plinth. Regling, Terina 67 (dies FF/δδδ); Holloway & Jenkins 64 (same obv. die); HN Italy 2629; BMC 27 (same dies); Boston MFA 216–7 = Warren 183–4 (same obv. die); Gillet 334 (same obv. die); Hunterian 17 (same obv. die). Old collection tone, traces of find patina. Good VF. Lovely Classical style. ($5000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 52 (7 October 2009), lot 55 (hammer CHF 5000).

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362 363 362. SICILY, Akragas. Circa 510-495 BC. AR Didrachm (22mm, 8.86 g, 8h). Sea eagle standing left; Å˚∞Å1-sot˜Å around / Crab. Westermark, Coinage, Period I, Group I, – (O19/R18 [unlisted die combination]); HGC 2, 87; SNG ANS 913 (same rev. die); SNG Copenhagen 23 (same rev. die); McClean 2028 (same rev. die). Toned, some marks under tone. Good VF. From the earliest issue of coinage at Akragas, and only the second coin known from this obverse die; Westermark records a single example, from a 1923 Sambon sale. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex G. Hirsch 267 (5 May 2010), lot 53; Numismatica Ars Classica 46 (2 April 2008), lot 177; LHS 95 (25 October 2005), lot 489. Westermark’s reverse die R18 is recorded with her obverses O18 and O20, so its pairing here with O19 is not surprising.

363. SICILY, Akragas. Circa 485-480/78 BC. AR Didrachm (20mm, 8.71 g, 7h). Sea eagle standing left; å˚∞å above / Crab; below, Corinthian helmet right; all within incuse circle. Westermark, Coinage, Period I, Group III, 201 (O73/R136); HGC 2, 94; SNG Ashmolean 1665 (same dies); SNG München 46 (same dies); McClean 2029 (same dies). Lightly toned, minor die wear and a hint of porosity on obverse, small scuff at edge on reverse. Near EF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection, purchased from M&M Numismatics, 16 September 2000.

364. SICILY, Akragas. Circa 465/0–445/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.41 g, 4h). Sea eagle standing left; Å˚RÅ1sotNÅ around / Crab within shallow incuse circle. Westermark, Coinage, Period II, Group II, 371.2 (O12/R42 – this coin); HGC 2, 94; SNG ANS 976 (same obv. die); Ward 134 (same dies). Attractively toned over lustrous surfaces, minor die wear, a touch of porosity. Good VF. ($2500) From the Weise Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1159.

365. SICILY, Akragas. Punic occupation. 213-211 BC. AR Quarter Shekel (15mm, 1.73 g, 9h). Head of Triptolemos right, wearing wreath of grain ears / Free horse right; tH (Punic ḤT) below; all within wreath. Walker Group II, 2nd Series, dies XII/16; CNP 117; Burnett, Enna 152; HGC 2, 173. Toned. EF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 22; Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 770.

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366. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 407-398 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.72 g, 10h). Forepart of horse advancing right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horse with open wreath held in both hands; barley grain to right / Palm tree with two date clusters; tßDJ TeQ (QRT ḤDŠT = “Carthage” in Punic) across lower field. Jenkins, Punic, Series 1, 20 (O6/ R20); CNP 649a; HGC 2, 258; SNG Copenhagen 42 (same dies); SNG Delepierre 716 (same dies). Attractive old collection tone with slight iridescence, a little off center, small area of roughness at edge of obverse, a couple of light scratches in field on reverse. Good VF. ($5000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd., Fall 2006 (inv. no. 45172).

367. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 345/38-320/15 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 17.14 g, 1h). Head of Arethousa right, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; four dolphins around / Horse prancing right; palm tree in background. Jenkins, Punic, Series 2d, 132 (O44/R119); CNP 213; HGC 2, 281 (same dies as illustration); SNG Lloyd 1615 = Bement 593 (same dies); SNG Lockett 1038 (same dies). Lightly toned, slight die wear. Good VF. ($3000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Tom Cederlind, December 2008. Ex Peus 396 (5 November 2008), lot 189; Peus 332 (23 October 1991), lot 333; Superior (7 June 1987), lot 4262.

368. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 320/15-300 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 16.95 g, 7h). Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple pendant earring, and pearl necklace; shell below chin, four dolphins around / Head of horse left; palm tree to right, †nJMM` below. Jenkins, Punic, Series 3a, 161 (O49/R145); CNP 267a; HGC 2, 261; SNG Fitzwilliam 1488-9 (same obv. die). Toned. VF. ($2000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 90 (23 May 2012), lot 343; Classical Numismatic Group 60 (22 May 2002), lot 229.

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369. SICILY, Gela. Circa 480/75-475/70 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.07 g, 10h). Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins left, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands / Forepart of man-headed bull right; sÅ-¬-E-1 around below. Jenkins, Gela, Group IIa, 109 (O33/R63); HGC 2, 339; SNG ANS 23 (same dies); SNG München 268 (same dies); Bement 380 (same obv. die); de Luynes 941 (same obv. die). Toned. Good VF. ($2000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Comery Collection (Roma VI, 29 September 2013), lot 370.

370. SICILY, Gela. Circa 465-450 BC. AR Litra (13mm, 0.76 g, 6h). Horse advancing right; wreath above / Forepart of man-headed bull right; [s]-Å-[¬]E[1] counterclockwise around from upper right. Jenkins, Gela, Group III, 327; HGC 2, 373; SNG Fitzwilliam 989 (same obv. die); SNG München 288 (same obv. die). Thick find patina, a few marks. VF. Well centered. ($500)

371. SICILY, Gela. Circa 420-415 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.26 g, 7h). Charioteer, holding kentron in left hand and reins in both, driving slow quadriga left; above, Nike flying left, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands / Forepart of man-headed bull right; sŬE˝ above. Jenkins, Gela, Group VIII, 472 (O91’/R183); HGC 2, 355; SNG ANS 92 (same dies); SNG Lockett 769 (same dies); BMC 47 (same dies); Pozzi 439 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XVIII, 1 (same dies). Deeply toned, struck from a worn obverse die. Good VF. Man-headed bull of exceptional style. ($3000) Ex Triton XVII (7 January 2014), lot 40.

372 373 372. SICILY, Himera. Circa 483/2-472/1 BC. AR Didrachm (19mm, 8.62 g, 2h). Cock standing left; ˙5ÂE∞Å to left / Crab within shallow incuse circle. Westermark, Himera, Group II, 64 (O11/R55); HGC 2, 438; SNG ANS 160 (same obv. die); SNG Ashmolean 1761 (same obv. die); McClean 2295 (same obv. die); de Nanteuil 288 (same obv. die). Toned, faint porosity, some die wear, a couple minor flan flaws. Good VF. ($1500) From the Weise Collection. Ex Hess-Divo 317 (27 October 2010), lot 51. Reportedly ex Astarte Internet Auction (February 2009), lot 11.

373. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 476-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.43 g, 9h). Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in left, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands / Head of roaring lion right; ¬-Eo˜t-5-˜o˜ and four barley grains around. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 2/1 (for obv. die/rev. type); Randazzo 77 (same dies); HGC 2, 660; SNG ANS 201; SNG Lloyd 1043 var. (ethnic retrograde; same obv. die); Basel –; de Luynes 989 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXII, 4 (same dies). Darkly toned. VF. Struck from a very early die state. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton XVIII (6 January 2015), lot 361; Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 91; Hess 249 (13 November 1979), lot 78.

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374. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 476-466 BC. AR Obol (11mm, 0.59 g, 11h). Facing lion scalp / Barley grain; ¬E-on around. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 19; HGC 2, 687; SNG ANS 215. Toned, light porosity, minor double strike on reverse. Good VF. Well centered, struck with fresh dies. ($500)

375. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 466-460 BC. AR Obol (12mm, 0.64 g, 1h). Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Barley grain; 6E-on around. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 30; HGC 2, 689; SNG ANS 261–2 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd 1068; Rizzo pl. XXIII, 10. Deeply toned, some light scratches/smoothing in fields, slight die shift on reverse. Good VF. Good metal for issue. ($500) From the Judy Day Frink Collection, purchased from Owl, Ltd. (John Barton).

376. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 450-440 BC. AR Litra (13mm, 0.85 g, 4h). Head of roaring lion right; 6Eo-n around / River god, nude, standing left, pouring libation on altar from patera held in his right hand, and cradling olive branch in left arm; barley grain to right. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 49; HGC 3, 692; SNG ANS 266; Jameson 632. Toned, light porosity, small mark on reverse. VF. Well centered. Excellent for issue. ($500)

Ex Langlotz and Rhousopoulos Collections

377. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 440-430 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 4.15 g, 12h). Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Head of roaring lion right; 6E-on to right, three barley grains around. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 54 (same dies); HGC 2, 688 (same obv. die as illustration); SNG ANS 258 (same dies); Basel 352 = Kraay & Hirmer 25 (same dies); Gulbenkian 214 (same dies); Jameson 633 (same dies); Rhousopoulos 330 (this coin); Rizzo pl. XXIII, 23 (same dies). Old cabinet tone, trace deposits, light scratches under tone. VF. Rare. ($1500) From the Weise Collection. Ex Peus 380 (3 November 2004), lot 204; Prof. Ernst Langlotz Collection (Auctiones AG 23, 17 June 1993), lot 227; Naville V (18 June 1923), lot 935; Athanasios Rhousopoulos Collection (J. Hirsch XIII, 15 May 1905), lot 330.

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378. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 430-425 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.32 g, 5h). Head of Apollo left, wearing laurel wreath / Head of roaring lion right; 6E-o-n-t5-n-on around; three barley grains above, to left, and below; leaf behind. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 55 (same dies); HGC 2, 671 (same dies as illustration); SNG ANS 257 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1063 (same obv. die); Basel 353 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXIV, 4 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 3599630-006, graded MS★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. ($5000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Jonathan K. Kern Collection (Heritage 3037, 4 January 2015), lot 30864.

Artistic Excellence

379. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 420-415 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.47 g, 12h). Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Head of roaring lion right; 6Eon-t-5n-o-n and three barley grains around; below, fish right. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 66 (same dies as illustration); HGC 2, 676 (same dies as illustration); SNG ANS 253 (same rev. die); SNG Lloyd –; McClean 2342 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXIV, 13 (this coin). Attractive old cabinet tone with golden hues, minor flan flaw on reverse. EF. Struck from artistic dies. Extremely rare and the finest known. ($30,000) Ex Baron Lorne Thyssen-Bornemisza & Dr. Thomas S. Kaplan Joint Collection (Numismatica Genevensis SA IX, 14 December 2015), lot 11; Numismatica Ars Classica 8 (3 April 1995), lot 137; R.A. von Every Collection (Leu 15, 4 May 1976), lot 82; Münzen und Medaillen AG 28 (19 June 1964), lot 50; Naville XVII (3 October 1934), lot 167. This tetradrachm, executed by an unknown artist, displays all of the craft of a master engraver. In evidence of his exceptional artistic skill, and as often found with the master celators of Sicily during the Classical period, this engraver’s work can be found at other mints, such as Katane (cf. Boehringer pl. 13, D). Here at Leontini, his rendition of Apollo displays an economy and delicate balance with an attention to youthful perfection that belies the awesome power of the god, while, at the same time, places him within the context of humanity (unlike other examples), suggesting some living model. On the reverse, the bold and vigorous depiction of the lion conveys both the beast’s raw internal power and its external adherence to classical proportion, a balance between the wild and the cultivated that epitomizes the Classical ideal.

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380. SICILY, Messana (as Zankle). Circa 500-493 BC. AR Drachm (22mm, 5.50 g). Dolphin left; Îånk63 below; all within sickle-shaped harbor / Nine-part incuse square with scallop shell in center. Gielow Group 4; HGC 2, 766; SNG ANS 302; SNG Lloyd 1076; Basel 359; Boston MFA 285; Kraay & Hirmer 49; Rizzo pl. XXV, 4–5. Old cabinet tone, typical die wear, minor double strike and some horn silver on reverse. VF. ($3000)

381. SICILY, Messana. 488/7-481 BC. AR Litra (10mm, 0.97 g, 1h). Facing head of lion within dotted circle / ÂEÍ within dotted circle. Caltabiano Series I, 19–20 var. (D4/R– [unlisted rev. die]); HGC 2, 811; SNG ANS 313; SNG Lockett 818 = Pozzi 483; BMC 9. Toned, slight granularity on obverse, a little die wear on reverse. VF. ($500) From the Judy Day Frink Collection, purchased from Owl, Ltd. (John Barton).

Ex Nanteuil and Benson Collections

382. SICILY, Messana. 412-408 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.00 g, 7h). Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in both, driving slow biga of mules left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath held in right hand and fillet in left; in exergue, two dolphins confronted / Hare springing right; below, youthful head of Pan right; µEss-Ř5W˜ around. Caltabiano Series XVA, 611.6 (D219/R240) = Nanteuil 302 = F. S. Benson, “Ancient Greek Coins. XV. Sicily, 5 (Zankle – Messana)” in AJN XXXIX.4 (April 1905), 163 (this coin); HGC 2, 795; SNG Lloyd 1100 (same dies); BMC 50 (same dies); Jameson 655 (same dies); McClean 2396 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXVI, 13 (same dies); Sartiges 107 (same dies). Attractive cabinet tone, minor scuff on reverse. VF. ($5000) Ex Leu 50 (25 April 1991), lot 58; Hess-Leu 45 (12 May 1970), lot 51; Henri de Nanteuil Collection; Frank Sherman Benson Collection (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 3 February 1909), lot 237.

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Ex Brand, Benson, and von Wotoch Collections

383. SICILY, Messana. 412-408 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 16.90 g, 12h). Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in both, driving slow biga of mules left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath held in right hand and fillet in left; in exergue, two dolphins confronted / Hare springing right; above, dove flying left; below, grain stalk left; µEssÅn5W@ in exergue. Caltabiano Series XVA, 622 (D223/R248); F. S. Benson, “Ancient Greek Coins. XV. Sicily, 5 (Zankle – Messana)” in AJN XXXIX.4 (April 1905), 164 (this coin); HGC 2, 801; SNG Lockett 831 = Pozzi (Boutin) 1094 (same dies); Gillet 474 (same dies); Hermitage Sale II 296 (same dies); Pozzi 492 (same dies); Rhousopoulos 382 (same dies). Old cabinet tone, trace deposits, light marks under tone. VF. Well centered. ($5000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Virgil Brand Collection [unnamed] (Hess-Leu 31, 6 December 1966), lot 118; Frank Sherman Benson Collection (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 3 February 1909), lot 238; Franz von Wotoch Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 11 December 1901, lot 234. Frank Sherman Benson was particularly fond of ancient Sicilian coins, publishing many of them from his own collection in a series of articles in the early 1900s AJN, which he subsequently combined and republished in a single volume. Regarding the present coin, he compared the reverse to an example published by Sir Arthur Evans in the 1896 NC, which was signed ANAN. Benson notes a faint pattern in the die behind the dove on this coin, which he believes equates to this same signature, though it is so faint to be inconclusive. Nonetheless, he points out that this coin was struck during the same period of the great signing artists on Sicily, with whose masterworks the present coin compares well.

384. SICILY, Morgantina. The Sikeliotes. Circa 214-213 BC. AR 8 Litrai (22mm, 6.60 g, 11h). Head of Persephone left, wearing wreath of grain ears and veil; leaf to right / Nike, wearing long chiton, holding kentron in right hand and reins in both, driving fast quadriga right; ` above, %5˚E¬5WtÅ@ in exergue. Erim & Jaunzems Group II; BAR Issue 3; Campana 12; SNG ANS 1168; SNG Lloyd 1578; Gillet 694; Gulbenkian 362 = Bement 557; Jameson 885. Deep cabinet tone with iridescence, hairline flan crack, some die wear, small dig in field on obverse. EF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Peus 376 (29 October 2003), lot 210.

Ex Schonwalter and Langlotz Collections

385. SICILY, Segesta. Circa 455/0-445/0 BC. AR Didrachm (23.5mm, 8.39 g, 3h). Hound standing left / Head of female right, hair in band, within linear circular border; sE˝EstÅZ5∫ in margin; all within shallow incuse circle. Hurter, Didrachmenprägung, Series 5, 81c (V26/48 – this coin); HGC 2, 1127; SNG Lloyd 1170 (same dies); SNG München 845 (same dies); Kraay & Hirmer 199 = de Luynes 1110 (same dies); McClean 2536 (same dies). Lightly toned, slightly off center, hair strengthened. Good VF. ($1000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Robert Schonwalter Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1202; Prof. Ernst Langlotz Collection (Auctiones AG 23, 17 June 1993), lot 233.

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Ex Thyssen-Bornemisza & Kaplan, Kunstfreund, and Naples Royal Collections

386. SICILY, Selinos. Circa 455-409 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.48 g, 9h). Artemis, holding reins in both hands, driving quadriga left; beside her, Apollo standing left, drawing bow; so-5t-˜-o˜5¬Es around / River god Selinos, nude, standing left, holding in right hand a phiale over altar to left, cradling in left arm a palm branch; before altar, cock standing left; to right, selinon leaf above bull standing left on basis; s-E¬5-˜-o-s around above. Schwabacher 3b (Q1/S3) = Rizzo pls. XXXI, 9 and XXXII, 2-3 = Gillet 494 = Kunstfreund 101 (this coin); HGC 2, 1220; SNG Lloyd 1221 = AGC 377 (same dies); Hirsch 467 = Kraay & Hirmer 186 (same obv. die). Attractive light toning. EF. A masterpiece of early classical style. ($50,000) Ex Baron Lorne Thyssen-Bornemisza & Dr. Thomas S. Kaplan Joint Collection (Numismatica Genevensis SA IX, 14 December 2015), lot 14; Star Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 48, 21 October 2008), lot 39; Leu 76 [Exceptional Private Collection] (27 October 1999), lot 49; Charles Gillet [as Kunstfruend] Collection (Leu & Münzen und Medaillen AG, 28 May 1974), lot 101; Royal Collection in Naples, acquired in the 19th century or earlier, deaccessioned during the 1930s. Situated on the southwest coast of Sicily at the mouth of the Selinunte River, Selinos was founded by colonists from Megara Hyblaia, a town on the eastern coast of the island. The coinage of Selinos regularly featured a wild parsley leaf, since the ancient Greek name for this, selinos, provided an allusive pun on the town’s name. The reverse design of the fifth-century BC tetradrachms struck by Selinos, however, are more challenging to interpret. Head argued that the design represented the discovery of a cure for a local plague by the philosopher Empedokles, an event related by the third-century AD philosopher Diogenes Laertius (8.2.70). The iconography does appear to confirm this interpretation: the local river-god, now no longer in his traditional form as a man-headed bull (necessitating perhaps the inclusion of a bull into the scene), is seen holding a lustral branch and sacrificing at an altar (of Apollo?), which is attended by a cock, a bird sacred to Asklepios, the god of healing (cf. Plato, Phaedo 117a-118). The association of Apollo with Asklepios is more than coincidental: Apollo was the father of Asklepios, and in his role as ἀλεξίκακος, Apollo was able to relieve the destruction which he (as well as his sister Artemis, seen together with him on the obverse) could also create in his role as σμίνθευς, the bringer of plague.

23


387. SICILY, Selinos. Circa 410 BC. AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 1.83 g, 5h). Head of Herakles facing slightly left, wearing lion skin / Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand and reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; selinon leaf above, sE¬5@o@t5o@ in exergue. HGC 2, 1228; SNG ANS 715 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1269 (same dies); Boston MFA 322 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXXIII, 7. Lightly toned, a hint of porosity, small area of weak strike. VF. Perfectly centered, with full ethnic visible, very rare in this condition. ($500) From the Judy Day Frink Collection, purchased from Owl, Ltd. (John Barton).

388. SICILY, Selinos. Circa 410 BC. AR Litra (12.5mm, 0.70 g, 11h). Nymph seated left on rock, extended right hand touching coiled serpent to left, left hand raised overhead; selinon leaf above / Man-headed bull standing right; sE¬5@oEs above; in exergue, fish right. HGC 2, 1229; SNG ANS 711–2; SNG Lloyd 1271; SNG Lockett 866. Lightly toned, flan crack, some roughness on ovbverse. VF. Excellent metal for issue. ($500) From the Judy Day Frink Collection, purchased from Owl, Ltd. (John Barton).

389. SICILY, Syracuse. The Gamoroi. Circa 500-490/86 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.17 g, 11h). Charioteer, holding reins in both hands, driving slow quadriga right; ߨRÅ above / Head of Arethousa left in incuse circle in center of quadripartite incuse square. Boehringer Series I, 20 (V15/R11); HGC 2, 1302; SNG ANS 4 (same obv. die); Basel 423; Dewing 687–8; Gillet 525; Jameson 734 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXXIV, 2; Weber 1548 (same dies). Toned, minor doubling and die wear on obverse. VF. ($5000) Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 46; William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1208.

390. SICILY, Syracuse. Hieron I. 478-466 BC. AR Obol (9mm, 0.72 g). Struck circa 478/5–475/0 BC. Head of Arethousa right, wearing pearl tainia / Wheel with four spokes. Boehringer Series XI, 279–85 or Series XII, 362–70; HGC 2, 1371. Lightly toned, minor granularity. Good VF. ($500) From the JTB Collection. Ex Camerata Romeu Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 357, 12 August 2015), lot 26.

24


391. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.51 g, 4h). Struck circa 450-440 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with wreath held in both hands; in exergue, ketos right / Head of Arethousa right, wearing pearl tainia, single-pendant earring, and necklace; s¨∞Å˚os5-o˜ and four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XVI, 563 (V284/R385E); HGC 2, 1311; SNG ANS 182 (same dies); BMC 97 (same dies); Hirsch 574 (same obv. die); Rhousolpoulos 414 (same obv. die). Light iridescent tone, edge split, slightly off center on obverse, some minor marks. Near EF. ($3000) Ex Sternberg XIX (18 November 1987), lot 60.

Extremely Rare Signed Dilitron

392. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AV Dilitron (12.5mm, 1.72 g, 11h). Obverse die signed by the artist IM– (here as MI–). Struck circa 406/5 BC. Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a coiled serpent and a spiral palmette on the bowl; s¨rÅ˚os5W@ to left, Â5 below (only traces visible) / Aegis with facing gorgoneion in center. Boehringer, Münzprägungen, p. 66, pl. 1, 5 = Boehringer, Ehrenrettung, pl. 2, 7 = Boehringer, Finanzpolitik, pl. 38, 12 = Boehringer, Bronze, p. 55, n. 24, fig. E13; Fischer-Bossert, Coins, p. 68, n. 119; HGC 2, –. Traces of die rust. Choice EF. Struck with artistic dies. Extremely rare, one of seven known (see below). ($25,000) Ex Nomos 2 (17 May 2010), lot 27. The artist who signed this issue was among the many “signing artists” who engraved coins in Syracuse from the late Second Democracy to the reign of Dionysios I. He is better known from his signed tetradrachms (Fischer-Bossert, Coins [Tudeer] 67), but also a rare issue of small bronze (CNS 29 fr2). This issue should not be confused with the slightly later issue of AV litrai of the same types, which are quite common and unsigned. This issue is known from seven examples, struck from 1 obverse and 3 reverse dies: 1. Dies 1/A

(a) Stack’s, 14 January 2008, lot 2112 = Triton VII, lot 89 = NAC 10, lot 144 = Hess-Leu, 27 March 1956, lot 210 (b) Hess-Leu, 2 April 1958, lot 9

2. Dies 1/B

(a) NAC 9, lot 219 = CNG 26, lot 27 = Leu 36, lot 69

3. Dies 1/C

(a) Manhattan Sale I, lot 28 = Antiqua XIV, no. 10 (b) Roma E-Sale 45, lot 128 = Roma XI, lot 114 (c) Nomos Obolos 10, lot 17 (d) Nomos 2, lot 27 (this coin)

25


Lovely Signed Euainetos Dekadrachm

393. SICILY, Syracuse. Dionysios I. 405-367 BC. AR Dekadrachm (34.5mm, 43.08 g, 2h). Reverse die signed by Euainetos. Struck circa 405-390 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand and reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath held in her extended hands; below heavy exergual line, [military harness], shield, greaves, cuirass, and crested Attic helmet, all connected by a horizontal spear; [ÅQ¬Å below] / Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; [s]U-rÅ-ko-s5W@ behind hair, four dolphins swimming around, [EU-Å5]@E along lower edge. Gallatin dies R.IV/C.XII; Scavino 11 (D5/R12); HGC 2, 1299; SNG ANS 366 = Ward 295 (same dies); Dewing 884 (same dies); de Luynes 1250 (same dies). Beautifully toned, die break on obverse (characteristic of die). Includes an NGC photo certification, 3987341-001, graded AU★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5, Fine Style. Rare in this condition. ($50,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3048 (11 August 2016), lot 32012 (hammer $59,575); Hess-Divo 329 (17 November 2015), lot 29 (hammer 48,000 CHF); Goldberg 37 (10 September 2006), lot 3401; Hess-Divo 298 (22 October 2003), lot 1034. The engraver Euainetos seems to have begun his series of signed dekadrachm dies a few years after Kimon; perhaps he began as an apprentice and “graduated” to master status. His dekadrachm design superseded that of Kimon and became a paradigm for coinage throughout the classical world. His Arethousa is less human and more divine than his predecessor’s vision. The wreath of grain ears woven into her hair symbolizes the agricultural bounty of Sicily. His racing chariot is the essence of action, almost photographically frozen in time, with the charging, rearing horses appearing to levitate above the ground line. The design was widely copied on later coinage of Syracuse, as well as by the Carthaginian forces in Sicily.

394. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. AV Drachm – Hemistater (15mm, 4.30 g, 7h). Struck circa 317-310 BC. Head of Apollo left, wearing laurel wreath / Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand, reins in left, driving fast biga right; triskeles below, sUr-Å-˚os5W@ around. Bérend, l’or, pl. 9, 1; BAR Issue 1; HGC 2, 1276; SNG ANS 549; Dewing 935; Gulbenkian 328; Pozzi 639–40. Underlying luster, trace deposits, light scuff on obverse. Good VF. ($2000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

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Superb Agathokles in Classical Style

395. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.12 g, 3h). Struck circa 317-310 BC. Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; three dolphins around, @5 below neck / Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; counterclockwise triskeles above, sUrÅkos5W@ and [ in exergue. Ierardi 26 (O4/R11); BAR Issue 2; HGC 2, 1348; Dewing 943 (same dies). Light golden tones around the devices, slight die shift on obverse, slightly off center on reverse. Superb EF. Fine Classical style. ($10,000) From the Apollo to Apollo Collection. The late 5th century BC dekadrachms of Syracuse were so famous in their time, their designs were widely copied throughout the Greek world. Indeed, the Syracusan tyrant Agathokles, nearly a century later, struck tetradrachms that closely imitated the iconic dekadrachm of the engraver Euainetos. Here, the racing chariot formerly on the obverse has been moved to the reverse, but the rest of the design copies the work of Euainetos nearly exactly.

396. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.16 g, 10h). Struck circa 317-310 BC. Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; three dolphins around, @˚ below neck / Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; counterclockwise triskeles above, [s]UrÅkos5W@ and [ in exergue. Ierardi 46 (O8/R27); BAR Issue 2; HGC 2, 1348; SNG Ashmolean 2065 (same dies). Attractive old cabinet tone, a few light scratches, trace deposits. Good VF. Well centered. ($5000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex BLS Collection, purchased from Kirk Davis.

397. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 16.61 g, 11h). Struck circa 310-306/5 BC. Head of Kore left, wearing wreath of grain ears, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; ˚orÅs to left / Nike standing right erecting trophy to right; [Å˝ÅQo˚¬Eos to left], clockwise triskeles to lower left. Ierardi 238 (O69/R161); BAR Issue 23; HGC 2, 1536 corr. (head right or left); SNG ANS 681 (same dies); SNG Fitzwilliam 1350 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1494 (same rev. die); SNG Manchester 509 (same dies); SNG München 1262 (same dies); Bement 538 (same dies); Dewing 950 (same dies). Toned, a hint of porosity and slight die wear on obverse. Good VF. Very rare with head left, only four in CoinArchives. ($2000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

27


398. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. EL 50 Litrai – Hemistater (14.5mm, 3.49 g, 7h). Struck circa 306/5 BC. Head of Apollo left, wearing laurel wreath; behind neck, small Corinthian helmet left / Tripod; sUrÅ˚-os5W@ around. Jenkins, Electrum, Group B, dies O14/R18; BAR Issue 10; HGC 2, 1294; SNG ANS 629; Naville 4, lot 385 (same dies). Attractively toned, trace deposits, light scuffs on obverse. EF. Well centered. ($1500) Ex New York Sale XLII (9 January 2019), lot 56; Nomos 8 (21 October 2013), lot 56.

399. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. EL 50 Litrai – Hemistater (14mm, 3.53 g, 5h). Struck circa 306/5 BC. Head of Apollo left, wearing laurel wreath; pilos to right / Tripod; [s]UrÅ˚-os5W@ around. Jenkins, Electrum, Group C, dies O13/R16; BAR Issue 10; HGC 2, 1294; SNG ANS –; BMC 261 (same dies); De Luynes 1460 (same obv. die). In NGC encapsulation 4253889-005, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3049 (6 September 2016), lot 30035.

Extremely Rare Symbol

400. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. EL 50 Litrai – Hemistater (15mm, 3.48 g, 4h). Struck circa 306/5 BC. Head of Apollo left, wearing laurel wreath; sling to right / Tripod; sUrÅ˚-os5W@ around. Jenkins, Electrum, Group C, dies O20/R37; BAR Issue 10; HGC 2, 1294; SNG ANS –; Auctiones AG 8, lot 120 (same dies); Hamburger 98, lot 406 (same dies); M&M AG FPL 374, no. 1 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 4536405-001, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Extremely rare with sling symbol, none in CoinArchives. ($1500)

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401. SICILY, Syracuse. Philistis, wife of Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AR 16 Litrai – Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 14.15 g, 1h). Struck circa 218/7-215 BC. Diademed and veiled head left; filleted palm frond to right / ∫Å%5¬5%%Å% f5¬5%t5do%, Nike, holding reins in both hands, driving slow quadriga right; Å to right. CCO 186 (D2/R3); BAR Issue 65; HGC 2, 1556; SNG Fitzwilliam 1402 (same obv. die); Locker Lampson 110 (same dies). Lightly toned, slight die shift. EF. Struck from artistic dies. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Antiqua FPL XIV (January 2007), no. 12.

402. SICILY, Syracuse. Philistis, wife of Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AR 16 Litrai – Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.21 g, 9h). Struck circa 218/7-215 BC. Diademed and veiled head left / ∫Å%5¬5%%Å% f5¬5%t5do%, Nike, holding reins in both hands, driving slow quadriga right; Åf above. CCO 216–9 var. (D2O/R– [unlisted rev. die]); BAR Issue 65; HGC 2, 1556. In NGC encapsulation 4372682-016, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Very rare issue with Åf, only 17 noted in CCO, missing from all major collections except for Berlin. ($5000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex New York Sale XXXIV (6 January 2015), lot 42; Noble 96 (5 April 2011), lot 4971.

403. SICILY, Syracuse. Hieronymos. 215-214 BC. AR 10 Litrai (23.5mm, 8.48 g, 11h). Diademed head left / Winged thunderbolt; ∫Å%5¬EW% and f5 above, 5ErW@UÂoU below. Holloway 33 (O17/R26); BAR issue 80; HGC 2, 1567; BMC 643 (same obv. die); de Luynes 1386 (same dies). Iridescent tone, minor die wear on obverse. Near EF. ($1500) From the Weise Collection, purchased from Warden Numismatics, 14 January 2005. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 42 (29 May 1997), lot 182; Numismatic Fine Arts [XXIV] (18 October 1990), lot 119.

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The Coinage of Carthage By the third century BC, the Punic goddess Tanit and the horse had become the standard types of Carthaginian coinage and remained so for the balance of the city’s existence. Tanit was the primary deity of Carthage. A celestial divinity with some fertility aspects, she was the North African equivalent of Astarte. She is always depicted on the coinage wearing a wreath of grain, which may have been borrowed from Demeter and Persephone as the Carthaginians assimilated the Sicilian culture into their own during the various Punic excursions to the island. The use of the horse on the reverse is usually considered part of the foundation myth of Carthage. According to Virgil’s Aeneid, the Phoenician colonists who founded Carthage were told by Juno (or Tanit) to establish the new colony at the place where they discovered a horse’s head in the ground. Another theory is that the obverse head is actually Demeter or Persephone, whose worship was introduced to Carthage in 396 BC to make amends for the destruction of the goddesses’ temples outside Syracuse by the Carthaginian army.

404

405

404. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 9.44 g, 5h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with eight pendants / Horse standing right on exergue line; three pellets to right of foreleg. Jenkins & Lewis Group IIIh; CNP 1.5h; MAA 4; McClean 9979; Weber 8489. Lustrous. Superb EF. Fine style. ($15,000)

Ex Moretti, Jameson, and Gonin Collections 405. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 9.26 g, 5h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with ten pendants / Horse standing right on exergual line; three pellets to right of fore hindleg. Jenkins & Lewis Group IIIi, 108–9; CNP 1.5s; MAA 4; Basel 557 = Jameson 914 (this coin); Hunterian 25. Lightly toned, underlying luster, light cleaning marks. Superb EF. Wonderful style. ($15,000) Ex A. D. Moretti Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 13, 8 October 1998), lot 557; Robert Jameson Collection; Gonin Collection (formed in the 19th century).

406. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 9.05 g, 3h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with seven pendants / Horse standing right on exergue line; three pellets to right of foreleg. Jenkins & Lewis Group IIIh, 76–7 (same obv. die); CNP 1.5f; MAA 4. Lustrous, a few light scratches. Superb EF. Fine style. ($10,000) 30


407. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 9.34 g, 2h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with eight pendants / Horse standing right on exergue line. Jenkins & Lewis Group IIIg-h; CNP 1.5 var. (unlisted with 8 pendants and no pellets); MAA 4. Some die wear, light scratches on obverse. Near EF. ($4000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 116 (1 October 2019), lot 60.

408. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Quarter Stater (10.5mm, 2.18 g, 12h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears and single-pendant earring / Palm tree with two date-clusters. Jenkins & Lewis Group III, 115–9; CNP 638; MAA 6; SNG Copenhagen 130. Trace deposits, some marks and light scuffs. Good VF. Very rare. ($1500) Ex iNumis 44 (5 March 2019), lot 18.

409. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Tenth Stater (7.5mm, 0.90 g, 5h). Carthage mint. Palm tree with two date clusters / Head of horse right. Jenkins & Lewis Group III, 136–55; CNP 239; MAA 8; SNG Copenhagen 133. Minor flan flaw on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXII.2 (Spring/Summer 1997), no. 11.

410. CARTHAGE. Circa 300 BC. AR Shekel (19.5mm, 7.51 g, 11h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, single-pendant earring, and necklace with [pendants] / Horse standing right, head left; palm tree to left in background, star to right. Jenkins & Lewis pl. 26, 15–7; CNP 166; MAA 36 Variante; SNG Copenhagen 141–2; Gulbenkian 383. Attractive iridescent tone, minor die shift on reverse. Good VF. ($1000)

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411. CARTHAGE. Circa 270-264 BC. AV 1½ Shekels – Tridrachm (22mm, 12.51 g, 12h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with ten pendants / Horse standing right, head left. Jenkins & Lewis Group IX, 391 (same dies); MAA 26; CNP 76; SNG Copenhagen 181; Basel 569; Gulbenkian 384; Kraay & Hirmer 210; Prospero 641. Fully lustrous, a few minor die breaks. EF. ($15,000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 369.

412. CARTHAGE, First Punic War. Circa 264-241 BC. EL 1½ Shekels – Tridrachm (22.5mm, 10.98 g, 11h). Reduced standard. Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with nine(?) pendants / Horse standing right, head left; ouraios above, three pellets on ground line below. Jenkins & Lewis Group Xa, 412–18; CNP 41d; MAA 30; Boston MFA 504. Light reddish tone, edge marks, a couple of field nicks. Good VF. ($5000)

413. CARTHAGE, First Punic War. Circa 264-241 BC. AR Dishekel (25mm, 14.40 g, 12h). Carthage mint. Stuck circa 255-241 BC. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with twelve pendants / Horse standing right; star of eight points above. Visonà, New, Group a1, 2 (O2/R2 – this coin, illustrated); CNP 51; MAA 39; SNG Copenhagen 185. Toned, some light porosity and scratches, graffiti on obverse. Good VF. Well centered. Rare. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 766; Leu 74 (19 October 1998), lot 130; Kricheldorf XX (16 May 1969), lot 211.

414. CARTHAGE, Second Punic War. Circa 220-205 BC. AR Half Shekel (20mm, 3.38 g, 1h). Carthage or Sicilian mint. Struck during the expedition to Sicily, circa 213-210 BC. Head of Melkart left, wearing laurel wreath / Elephant advancing right; a (Punic A) in exergue. MAA –; cf. Visonà 55 (shekel); CNP 447; Burnett, Enna 116–31; Walker 29 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 383 (same dies); SNG Newham Davis 107. Iridescent tone, underlying luster. EF. Well centered and struck. ($5000) Ex Rauch 107 (12 November 2018), lot 177 (hammer €10,500). Initially attributed to a Spanish mint by Robinson, the discovery of examples in the Enna hoard and other Sicilian hoards (Burnett, SNR 62, pg. 11) makes it more likely that this coin was struck in Carthage for use in the Sicilian campaign of 213-210 BC. Whether the obverse head is to represent the god Melkart or a member of Hannibal’s family is still debated.

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415. SKYTHIA, Olbia. Circa 450-440 BC. Cast Æ (69mm, 136.32 g). Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet; to left, dolphin upward / Wheel with four spokes (‘solar disk’); πÅUs within quarters. Karyshkovskij p. 392, Таб. II=B, 1; Anokhin 164; cf. HGC 3, 1883 (smaller denomination); SNG BM Black Sea –; SNG Pushkin –; SNG Stancomb –; Frolova & Abramzon 130–3; Triton XXII, lot 160. Green patina. Good VF. Very rare. ($2000)

From the Unique Issue of Antiadas

416. THRACE, Ainos. Circa 453/2-451/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 16.43 g, 12h). Antiadas, magistrate. Head of Hermes right, wearing petasos with pelleted rim and inscribed Å5@5 / Goat standing right in linear square; Å@t-5ÅdÅs/ around; to right, Pan standing right on base, cradling lagobolon in right arm and raising left hand; all within incuse square. May, Ainos, Group XVI, 85 (A55/P68); AMNG II 279; HGC 3, 1267; Kraay & Hirmer 421; Jameson 1050 (same dies); McClean 3824 (same dies). Lightly toned, faint porosity, a few light marks under tone, minor obverse die shift. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($7500) Ex Nomos FPL (Winter-Spring 2016), no. 23; Gorny & Mosch 232 (5 October 2015), lot 93. As noted by May, the tetradrachms of his Group XVI are “unique among the coinage of Ainos,” in that the ethnic was moved from the reverse and placed on Hermes’ petasos, while the goat was framed by a linear square around which was placed the name of Antiadas and the figure of Pan. Both the placement of the ethnic on the obverse and the addition of a magistrate’s name and symbol to the reverse are unlike all the other silver tetradrachms of Ainos, before and after, and these innovations were probably influenced by similar tetradrachms issued contemporaneously at the mints of Abdera and Maroneia. It is uncertain why these innovations were not continued in the subsequent series, but perhaps the answer lies in the lengthy pause between the end of the present series, circa 451/0 BC, and the beginning of the subsequent one, circa 435/4 BC. May’s Group XVI coinage is also the only instance where a magistrate’s name is found on the coins of Ainos, and this series is arguably the most intricate of all the profile bust tetradrachm series issued there in the early-mid 5th century.

417. THRACE, Ainos. Circa 410/09-409/8 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 16.09 g, 9h). Head of Hermes right, wearing petasos with pelleted rim / Goat standing right on uneven ground, nibbling at willow tree to right, from which a pilos hangs; Å5@ above; all within incuse square. May, Ainos, Group XXXII, 269 (A166/P178); AMNG II 285; HGC 3, 1269; SNG Copenhagen 394; Bement 811; McClean 3825; Pozzi 1023. Lightly toned, some porosity and granularity, a couple of light scratches. Good VF. ($3000) 33


Ex Consul Weber Collection

418. THRACE, Ainos. Circa 398/7-396/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 15.58 g, 12h). Head of Hermes facing slightly left, wearing petasos with pelleted rim / Goat standing right; Å5@5o@ above, laurel wreath to right; all within incuse square. May, Ainos, Group LVI, 404a (A244/P286) = AMNG II 328.11 = Consul Weber 870 (this coin); HGC 3, 1278; Berlin 30; Dewing 1273; McClean 3932 = Rhousopoulos 536. Dark find patina. VF. ($5000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Roma XI (7 April 2016), lot 262; Daniel Koppersmith Collecton (Classical Numismatic Group 94, 18 September 2013), lot 145; Lanz 151 (30 June 2011), lot 12; Consul Eduard Friedrich Weber Collection (J. Hirsch XXI, 16 November 1908), lot 870.

Ex Comtesse de Béhague Collection

419. THRACE, Byzantion. Circa 270 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.53 g, 12h). In the name and types of Lysimachos. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; Î to inner left, P on throne, ˚ in exergue. Marinescu, Early, Issue VII, 10 (dies E/i); Thompson 241 (Pella); Müller –; HGC 3, 1373 var. (no control marks); SNG Lockett 1247 (same obv. die); Jameson 2464 (same dies). Toned, trace of deposits, some light marks. Near EF. Fine style. ($15,000) Ex Vinchon (5 May 2019), lot 93; Comtesse de Béhague Collection (Vinchon, 14 April 1984), lot 87.

420. THRACE, Byzantion. Circa 260-245 BC. AV Stater (17mm, 8.52 g, 7h). In the name and types of Lysimachos. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; spiral ornament on throne, no control marks. Marinescu Issue 26, 64 (O29/R61); Müller –; HGC 3, 1374. Slight die shift on obverse. In NGC encapsulation 4680609-003, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Very rare unmarked issue, only one example noted by Marinescu, in commerce. ($3000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

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421. THRACE, Byzantion. Circa 260-245 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 17.14 g, 1h). In the name and types of Lysimachos. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; Ô to inner left, spiral ornament on throne. Marinescu Issue 22, 54 corr. (O25/R51; monogram slightly different on this die than depicted); Müller –; HGC 3, 1394; Meydancikkale 2698 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 4531057-011, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($2000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex John Whitney Walter Collection (Stack’s Bowers Galleries, 16 August 2018), lot 20049. The monogram on this die is slightly different from that used on the other three reverse dies that Marinescu assigned to this issue. As all of the reverse dies are linked via obverse die 25, the coins struck from this reverse die must constitute a small issue preceding Issue 22, as the die state of the obverse appears the most fresh on these.

422. THRACE, Byzantion. Circa 175-150 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.52 g, 11h). In the name and types of Lysimachos. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; Û to inner left, ∫U on throne; in exergue, ornamented trident left. Marinescu Issue 110, 294 (O122/R284); cf. Müller 216 (tetradrachm); HGC 3, 1382. In NGC encapsulation 4284455-003, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Very rare issue, only one example noted by Marinescu, in commerce. ($2500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Solidus 37 (16 December 2018), lot 19.

423 424 423. THRACE, Maroneia. Circa 400-377 BC. AR Tetradrachm (21.5mm, 12.88 g, 1h). Ebesas, magistrate. Horse rearing left; astragalos above / Grape arbor within linear square; ˙∫-˙-sÅ-s and scallop shell around; all within shallow incuse square. Schönert-Geiss 163 var. (symbol on rev., unlisted dies); HGC 3, 1528; CNG 47, lot 264 (same dies). Lightly toned. Good VF. ($1500) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 64 (24 September 2003), lot 145; Marian A. Sinton Collection (Triton III, 30 November 1999), lot 411.

424. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 150-140 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34.5mm, 16.97 g, 12h). Head of young Dionysos right, hair in band and wreath of ivy with berries at the tip / Herakles standing left, right hand on club set on ground, lion skin draped over left arm; 6 to inner left; ˙rÅ˚¬Eo¨% to right, %Wt˙ro% to left, QÅ%5W@ in exergue. Prokopov, Silberprägung, Group I, 7 (V A2/R 7); Le Rider, Thasiennes 51; HGC 6, 358; SNG Berry 521; Boston MFA 869; Gulbenkian 891; CNG 45, lot 262 (same dies). Old collection tone with golden iridescence around the devices. Good VF. Early issue, struck from elegant dies. ($1000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Gemini III (9 January 2007), lot 117.

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Die Matched Pair of Superb Style

425. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.80 g, 12h). Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; herm to outer left, Ó to inner left. Thompson 58 var. (monogram); Müller 90 var. (same); HGC 3, 1750b; SNG BN 2551 var. (same). Toned, a few light marks, a hint of porosity and light scuff on obverse. EF. Well centered. Great style and a rare variety. ($3000) The mint city of Lampsakos on the northwestern coast of Asia Minor possessed at least one die engraver of singular talent, whose dramatic depiction of the deified Alexander the Great is regarded as one of the finest examples of Hellenistic portraiture. The up-tilted gaze in particular would prove highly influential well into the Roman period. This and the following lot share the same superb obverse die.

426. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, , 12h). Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; herm to outer left, É to inner left. Thompson 59; Müller 88; HGC 3, 1750b; SNG BN 2552; Rosenberg LXXII, lot 281 (same dies). Toned, a few light marks. EF. Well centered and of fine style. ($3000) Struck from the same obverse die as the previous lot.

427. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 17.02 g, 12h). Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; to inner left, É above crescent. Thompson 60; Müller 396; HGC 3, 1750b; SNG BN –; Weber 2725 (same dies). Toned. EF. Great style. Well centered. ($3000) 36


428. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 17.07 g, 12h). Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; to inner left, É above crescent. Thompson 61 var. (monogram); Müller 392; HGC 3, 1750b; SNG BN 2545. Toned. EF. Fine style. Well centered. ($3000)

429. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.14 g, 12h). Magnesia on the Maeander mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; torch to inner left, maeander pattern in exergue. Thompson 112; Müller 445 var. (no maeander pattern); HGC 3, 1750e. Lightly toned, trace deposits and a few light marks, slight die shift on reverse. Near EF. Fine style. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

430. THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, Bisaltai. Circa 475-465 BC. AR Tristater – “Oktadrachm” (30.5mm, 28.75 g). Reduced Aeginetan standard. Horse walking right, bridle held by nude warrior in background, walking right, wearing petasos and holding two spears; 1-[5-s-Å-˝-t]-5-˚-W@ clockwise around from top / Quadripartite incuse square. Peykov A3030; Topalov 33; HPM pl. XI, 5 var. (distribution of ethnic); AMNG III/2, 4 var. (same); HGC 3, 274; CNG 111, lot 95 (same dies). Toned, minor double strike with worn die on obverse, edge bump. Good VF. Rare. ($10,000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, January 1997. The Bisaltai were a tribe of Pelasgian or Thracian origin and occupied the territory between the rivers Echedoros and Strymon, including the metalliferous mountains, which separate the territory of the Bisaltai from the territory of the Krestonioi and Mygonia on the west (Herodotos 7, 115). At the time of the invasion of Xerxes in 480 BC, the Bisaltai were governed by a Thracian ruler who was independent of Macedonian influence, and refused to assist the Great King of Persia when his army crossed Thrace to invade mainland Greece. At some point after the Persian retreat, Alexander I of Macedon, who was in the service of Persians as early as 492 BC, annexed the territory as far as the Strymon valley. Capturing its rich silver mines, he issued the first regal Macedonian coinage, which is indistinguishable from the Bisaltian but for the placing of his own name. The absence of Bisaltai oktadrachms in the Asyut hoard led Price and Waggoner to suggest a mintage date of circa 475-465 BC. This coinage was terminated about the same time as the disaster at Drabeskos in 465/4 BC, in which the Athenian colonists of Ennea Hodoi (later Amphipolis) were exterminated by the native Thracians, though it is unknown whether this coinage is directly related to the Bisaltai’s involvement in this conflict.

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431. THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, Bisaltai. Circa 475-465 BC. AR Tristater – “Oktadrachm” (36mm, 28.71 g). Reduced Aeginetan standard. Horse walking right, bridle held by nude warrior in background, walking right, wearing petasos and holding two spears; z to left, 1-5-sÅ˝t5-˚W-˜ clockwise around from the top / Quadripartite incuse square. Peykov A3070 (same obv. die as second illustration = Giessener Münzhandlung 102, lot 148); Topalov 33 var. (legend, no monogram); HPM –; AMNG III/2, –; HGC 3, 274 var. (same); Leu 72, lot 157. Toned, minor edge split. Good VF. Well struck on a broad flan, with clear legend. Very rare variety with monogram. ($7500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, June 1996. Ex Kovacs FPL 28 (Spring 1995), no. 15.

Ex Knoepke and Lockett Collections

432. THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, Derrones. Circa 480/75-465 BC. AR Dodekadrachm(?) (35mm, 40.52 g). Uncertain standard. Driver, holding goad in right hand, reins in left, driving ox cart right; above, crested Corinthian helmet right; lotus flower below / Clockwise triskeles, floral ornaments between legs. Peykov A1430 (same obv. die as illustration); Topolov 9 (same obv. die as illustration); HPM pl. I, 10–1 (same obv. die); cf. HGC 3, 281 (for obv.); SNG Lockett 1271 (this coin); BMC 1 = Kraay & Hirmer 388 (same obv. die). Old collection tone, typical weak strike on reverse. VF. Rare. ($7500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Olga H. Knoepke Collection (Glendining’s, 10 December 1986), lot 146; Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part VI [Greek Part II], Glendining, 12 February 1958), lot 1190. Reportedly ex Empedocles Collection (noted on Knoepke ticket, included with lot). The context and meaning of the Derrones’ ox cart type dodekadrachms are still being debated. Little is known of this tribe other than what can be gleaned from their surviving coinage. Hoard find-spots suggest that they inhabited inland Paeonia, and the absence of these coins from the Asyut hoard suggests that they postdate the burial of that hoard (c. 475-470 BC). The obverse type depicts a male figure who is most likely the tribal king and hereditary high priest while the helmet suggests a military reference. Some rare dodekadrachms have letters on their obverse, which are thought to be the names of tribal chiefs.

433. THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, Derrones. Circa 480/75-465 BC. AR Dodekadrachm(?) (32mm, 39.64 g). Uncertain standard. Driver, holding goad in right hand, driving ox cart left; above, crested Corinthian helmet left / Clockwise triskeles; palmette between legs; [all within incuse square]. Peykov A1480; HPM pl. II, 4 = AMNG III 7 = Traité I 1453 (same obv. die as illustrations); cf. HGC 3, 280 and 287; Triton X, lot 127 (same obv. die); CNG 81, lot 261 (same obv. die). Toned, a couple of pits on obverse, a few light scratches on reverse. Good VF. Well struck for this typically crude issue. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 91 (19 September 2012), lot 102.

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434. THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, Edones. Getas. Circa 492-464 BC. AR Tristater – “Oktadrachm” (32mm, 25.56 g, 8h). Reduced Aeginetan standard. Herdsman, wearing kausia, guiding two bulls walking right upon dotted ground line; lotus flower to lower right / Wheel with four spokes; around; all within shallow incuse square. Tatscheva 2–3 var. (no lotus, slightly different legend); Peykov C0070 var. (same); Topalov –; HPM pl. IV, 19 var. (same; Ichnai); HGC 3, 293 var. (same) and 310 corr. (not Ichnai). Toned, holed, roughness, light scratches. Near VF. Apparently unique variety. ($5000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, 21 March 1998. Margarita Tatscheva, in her comprehensive 1998 study of Getas’ coinage, lists thirteen known octadrachms of three different types, which suggest a reign of substantial duration. Of those coins, three were from the Dekadrachm (Elmali) Hoard, nine were in museums, and apparently only one was privately owned. The wheel, which appears on the reverse type on four of Getas’ previously known coins, is the normal reverse type for the Ichnai. Its presence here may signify that Getas brought the Ichnai under his authority. King Getas is known to history only from his coins.

435. THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, Ichnai. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Tristater – “Oktadrachm” (28.5mm, 28.26 g). Reduced Aeginetan standard. Herdsman, wearing kausia, guiding two bulls walking left upon dotted ground line; [5-c-˜~5 above] / Wheel with four spokes within shallow incuse square. Wartenberg, Thraco, Issue 1, dies O2/R2; Peykov A1700; HPM –; HGC 3, 298; Asyut 40 (same dies); Asyut 41 = Rosen 122 = Hunt II 8 (same dies); Boston MFA 589 = Warren 570. Toned, granular surfaces, area of flat strike, a few scratches under tone, double struck on reverse. VF. Very rare, Wartenberg only records 7 examples from issue 1 (and notes two others in trade), three of which are in museums (Alpha Bank, Berlin, and Boston). ($3000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, October 1996. Ichnai was a city in the region of Bottiaia in Macedon, on the right bank of the Axios river, that was mentioned by Herodotus (7.123.3), and is thought to have been a Paeonian settlement. Other than a few inscriptions remaining in the vicinity, there are no other surviving remains of the settlement. S. Psoma and A.G. Zannis, in a recent article on the Ichnai (“Ichnai et le monnayage des Ichnées” in Tekmeria 10 [2011]), argued that the coins attributed to the Ichnai were not struck in the city, but by the inhabitants who fled to another location after the region of Bottiaia was conquered by the Macedonians, circa 500 BC. They argue that the Ichnaiaens settled to the east, alongside a number of other peoples who likewise fled the Macedonians. Many of the Thraco-Macedonian Tribal issues are the products of these peoples. Wartenberg notes that the evidence of the coinage supports their theory, and goes further, fully reexamining the tribal coinage in light of more recent evidence. Consolidating the numismatic evidence, and placing it into its proper historical context, Wartenberg persuasively argues that the tribal coins were not related to the Persian activity, but to the growth of Athenian power in the region.

436. THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, Mygdones or Krestones. Circa 480-470 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 8.99 g). Goat kneeling right, head reverted; solid rosette above / Quadripartite incuse square. Lorber, Goats, Issue 6, pl. 14, 6; HPM pl. I, 3 = Weber 1839; HGC 3, 366 (‘Aigai’); SNG ANS 58 var. (Aigai, obv. symbol); de Luynes 1530. Toned, thin flan crack, rough and granular surfaces on obverse. VF. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, March 1997.

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437. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Siris. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Eighth Stater – Trihemiobol (11mm, 1.37 g). Satyr crouching right, holding flower(?) / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Peykov A0100; HPM pl. VII, 13; cf. HGC 3, 534 (‘Lete’). Toned, typical light porosity. Good VF. Wonderful style for this early issue. ($750)

Ex Jameson and Consul Weber Collections

438. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Uncertain. 5th century BC. AR Hemidrachm(?) (11mm, 2.42 g). Aeginetic standard(?). Grape bunch / Quadripartite incuse square. Artemis-Gyselen Class 2, aa = Jameson 1310 = Consul Weber 2211 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen 766–7; SNG Lockett 2630; Boston MFA 1295; Pozzi 2057–60 (all as Tenos mint). Attractive old collection tone. Good VF. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection, purchased from Tom Cederlind. Ex Robert Jameson Collection; Consul Eduard Friedrich Weber Collection (J. Hirsch XXI, 16 November 1908), lot 2211. See Sheedy, pp. 72–4, for the reattribution of this issue from Tenos to the Thraco-Macedonian region.

439. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Uncertain. 5th century BC. AR Hemiobol(?) (9mm, 0.31 g). Head of lion right within dotted circle / Star. Tzamalis 53. Toned, minor deposits. Good VF. Very rare. ($500)

440. MACEDON, Amphipolis. 369/8 BC. AR Drachm (15mm, 3.48 g, 1h). Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck / ÅÂf-5πo-¬5t-EW@ on raised linear square enclosing race torch; all within shallow incuse square. Lorber 56d (Od4/Rd3); HGC 3, 413; Hermitage Sale II, 582 (same rev. die); Hirsch 962 (same dies); Jameson 1943 = Weber 1967 (same dies); de Luynes 1563 = Traité IV 1098a, pl. CCCXX, 18 (same dies). Attractively toned. Good VF. ($3000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XLIV.2 (Summer 2019), no. 515525; Virgil M. Brand Collection (Part 3, Sotheby’s Zurich, 9 June 1983), lot 54; Dr. Fenerly Bey du Phanar Collection (Egger XLI, 18 November 1912), lot 330; Egger [XVIII] (10 December 1906), lot 262.

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441. MACEDON, Chalkidian League. Circa 350 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.41 g, 2h). Olynthos mint; Aristonos, magistrate. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Kithara; c-Å-¬-˚5d-EW@ above and at sides, Eπ5 År5stW@os in tiny letters below. Robinson & Clement Group V, 134 (A82/P112); AMNG III/2, 8; HGC 3, 500; SNG ANS 496; BMC 10 (same dies); Pozzi 753 (same obv. die). Lightly toned. Near EF. Fine style. Struck on a broad flan. ($7500) From the Weise Collection. Ex RCM Collection (Triton XVI, 8 January 2013), lot 275; Forestier I (8 June 2007), lot 20; Giessener Münzhandlung 46 (30 October 1989), lot 91 (hammer DM 18,000).

442. MACEDON, Eion. Circa 480-470 BC. AR Drachm (13mm, 3.85 g). Two geese, one standing right and the other standing left with its head reverted; pellet-in-annulet between / Rough incuse square. HPM pl. ix, 9; AMNG III p. 139, 33; HGC 3, 517; SNG ANS 268. Toned, light scratches. VF. Rare. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 143.

443. MACEDON, Neapolis. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Hemistater – Drachm (17mm, 3.95 g). Facing gorgoneion / Quadripartite incuse square. AMNG III/2, 7; HGC 3, 584; SNG ANS 420–2; Traité I 1741. Lightly toned, a couple of light marks. Good VF. Well centered and of fine style. ($2000) Ex Aufhäuser 12 (1 October 1996), lot 39.

444. MACEDON, Neapolis. Circa 375-350 BC. AR Drachm (15mm, 3.86 g, 3h). Facing gorgoneion / Head of nymph right, wearing laurel wreath; @-[E-Å]-π clockwise around. AMNG III/2, 11; HGC 3, 586; SNG ANS 429 = SNG Berry 40 (same dies); Davis Collection 73 (same dies). Light cabinet tone, a few minor marks. Good VF. Excellent metal, and choice for issue. ($1000) From the Weise Collection, purchased from Gorny & Mosch, 15 January 2004. Ex Triton V (15 January 2002), lot 1269 (further pedigree listed there is erroneous).

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445. MACEDON, Sermyle. Circa 500-470 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.28 g). Attic standard. Warrior, holding spear aloft in right hand, on horseback right; pellet to left, ßE∞µ¨Ò5Ao-˜ below / Quadripartite incuse square. AMNG III/2, 2, pl. XXI, 4 = Traité I 1667, pl. LIII, 2 (same obv. die); HGC 3, 661; SNG ANS –; Hirsch 987. Toned, trace deposits, some granularity, die break on reverse. Near EF. Very rare. ($10,000) Ex Lanz 128 (22 May 2006), lot 85; Leu 86 (5 May 2003), lot 337. Very little is known of the early history of Sermyle. During the Greco-Persian Wars, the city supplied troops and ships to the Persians, and afterward became a member of the Thracian District of the Delian League. During the Peloponnesian War, many of their citizens were killed by the Peloponnesians, and Sermyle was turned over to the Chalkidians until the Peace of Nikias, whereafter the city appears under Athenian control. In the 4th century BC, Sermyle joined the Chalkidian League, and was apparently one of the cities destroyed by Philip II, as it disappears from the historical record after 348 BC. The coinage of the city was small, with a short issue of silver tetradrachms and fractions in the early 5th century, and a limited issue of bronze in the early 4th BC.

Second Known with Ethnic

446. MACEDON, Stagira. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.22 g). Lion right, on the back of a boar standing left, biting into its hind quarter; ßtA-¬5 flanking pellet above, pellet below; all within dotted border / Quadripartite incuse square. Cahn, Skione 10 var. = Cahn, Tetradrachmon 1 var. = Käpelli F12 var. (no pellet below); otherwise, unpublished with ethnic. Deep iridescent tone, test cut, minor marks. Good VF. Extremely rare, apparently the second known with the ethnic of Stagira. ($20,000)

447. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander I. 498-454 BC. AR Tristater – “Oktadrachm” (32mm, 28.31 g). Light Aeginetic standard. Aigai mint. Struck circa 492-480/79 BC. Horseman, wearing chlamys and petasos, and holding two spears, standing right behind horse advancing right / Quadripartite incuse square. Raymond pl. II, 4; AMNG III p. 49, 7 (Bisaltai); HPM pl. XII, 2 (Bisaltai); HGC 3, 753; SNG ANS 1; Athena Fund I 21 (same obv. die); Boston MFA 617 (Bisaltai); Gillet 739; Pozzi 696 = Rhousopoulos 1006 (Bisaltai); Triton XXIII, lot 195 (same obv. die). Toned, flan crack, small edge split, minor die rust. Good VF. ($7500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, January 1997. Ex Kovacs XII (30 November 1995), lot 28. This coin type had long been ascribed to the Bisaltai, one of the powerful Thraco-Macedonian tribes that struck coinage in the late 6th and early 5th centuries. The weight of the evidence now points to it being the earliest issue of Alexander I, when he was allied with the tribes against the Persians; he presumably struck coins with types that were acceptable to his allies and would, in fact, symbolize their alliance. For a discussion of the weight standard of this issue, see S. Psoma, “Did the So-Called Thraco-Macedonian Standard Exist?” in KAIPOΣ, pp. 167–90.

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448. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander I. 498-454 BC. AR Tristater – “Oktadrachm” (33.5mm, 28.75 g, 4h). Light Aeginetic standard. Aigai mint. Struck circa 480/79–460 BC. Horseman, wearing petasos and holding two spears in right hand, riding horse right / ŬE-$Å-@d-ro in shallow incuse square around quadripartite square in relief. Raymond Group I, 1–3 (unlisted dies); AMNG III/2, 29–30 var. (symbol below horse); HGC 3, 754; SNG Alpha Bank 16–8; SNG ANS 9–10; Hirsch 1012–3; Traité I 1517. Toned, typical spots of weak strike. VF. Rare. ($5000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, May 1996.

449. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander I. 498-454 BC. AR Stater (24.5mm, 13.15 g, 11h). Light Milesian standard. Aigai mint. Struck circa 480/79–477/6 BC. Horseman, wearing petasos and holding two spears in right hand, riding horse right / Head of warrior, wearing crested Chalkidian helmet, right in dotted square within incuse square. Raymond Group I, 8–12 (unlisted dies); HGC 3, 763; SNG ANS 11; SNG Copenhagen 484; de Luynes 1577; McClean 3273; Rhousopoulos 1040–2; Weber 2010. Toned, light scratches, shallow cut on obverse, a few tiny nicks on reverse. Near VF. Very rare. ($3000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, April 2000.

451

450

450. KINGS of MACEDON. Archelaos. 413-400/399 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.53 g, 4h). Aigai mint. Horseman, wearing petasos and holding two spears in right hand, on horse rearing left / Forepart of goat right, head left; År-cE-¬Åo around; all in linear square within incuse square. Westermark, Staters, Group I, dies O8/R7; AMNG III/2, 1; HGC 3, 794; SNG ANS 64; SNG Alpha Bank 135–6; SNG Saroglos 9 = Weber 2024 (same rev. die); Kraay & Hirmer 169. Lightly toned, slightly weak strike. VF. Well centered. Rare. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 28 May 1994. Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 67 (2 May 1994), lot 95. Archelaos was one of early Macedon’s most capable kings. His reign saw major changes to state administration, the organization of the kingdom’s military, and significant developments in commerce that helped stabilize the kingdom’s finances. Perhaps the most important event of his reign was a rapproachment with Athens, historically an opponent to the Macedonian kings. In 413 BC, Athens suffered a devastating defeat at Syracuse that destroyed most of its fleet of ships. Amphipolis had provided Athens with timber for shipbuilding, but the Athenians lost control of the city to Macedon in 424 BC. Rather than see the Athenians struggle to rebuild, Archelaos used this as an opportunity to normalize relations with Athens as an equal power, and supplied them with the timber they required. This single act greatly enriched his kingdom, and ingratiated Archelaos with the Athenians such that they honored him and his family with the titles of proxenos and euergetes. Other significant events were his relocation of the Argead capital from Aigai to Pella, and the expansion of trade with various cities in Greece. This trade greatly increased the influence of Hellenic culture in Macedon, and many Greek artists, poets, musicians, and tragedians were brought to Archelaos’ court. Archelaos was murdered in 399 BC, but the sources differ on the circumstances.

451. KINGS of MACEDON. Archelaos. 413-400/399 BC. AR Stater (25mm, 10.54 g, 1h). Aigai mint. Head of Apollo right, with short hair, wearing tainia / Horse advancing right, trailing rein; ÅrcE-¬Åo around; all in linear square within shallow incuse square. Westermark, Staters, Group II, Series 2, dies O92/R– (unlisted rev. die); AMNG III/2, 3; HGC 3, 795; SNG ANS 65 = SNG Berry 75; SNG Alpha Bank 148 (same obv. die); SNG Saroglos 10. Attractive iridescent tone, light marks, chip and die shift on reverse. EF. ($2000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXIII.2 (Fall/Winter 1998), no. 18.

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452. KINGS of MACEDON. Pausanias. Circa 394/3 BC. AR Drachm (14mm, 3.12 g, 6h). Aigai or Pella mint. Horse leaping right / Forepart of lion right; πÅUsÅ@5Å around. Westermark, Remarks, pl. LXIX, 26; AMNG III/2, 3; HGC 3, 823; SNG ANS –; SNG Alpha Bank 185; McClean 3296. Toned, porous, a few tiny flan flaws. VF. Very rare, only three in CoinArchives (two of which are fourrée). ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 11 September 1998.

453. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AV Twelfth Stater (8mm, 0.72 g, 2h). Pella mint. Struck circa 345/2-340/36 BC. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, thunderbolt; head of lion facing below. Le Rider Group I, – (D19/R15 [unlisted die combination]); SNG ANS 209–15; SNG München 75 (same rev. die); Consul Weber 1195 (same rev. die); Traité IV pl. CCCVI, 28 (same rev. die). Trace deposits, edge marks, struck with worn reverse die. EF. Well centered. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Spink, July 1999.

Ex Prospero Collection

454. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.47 g, 1h). Pella mint. Struck circa 342/1337/6 BC. Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5π-πoU, nude youth, holding palm frond in right hand, rein in left, on horseback right; thunderbolt below, [@ in exergue]. Le Rider Group II.A.2, 199 (D116/R163); SNG ANS 380 (same obv. die). Attractively toned. Choice EF. From dies by an accomplished celator. A pleasure to hold in the hand. ($10,000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 100 (29 May 2017), lot 117; Prospero Collection (The New York Sale XXVII, 4 January 2012), lot 196, purchased from A. H. Baldwin, 11 May 1985.

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456 455 455. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 14.40 g, 1h). Pella mint. Struck circa 342/1-337/6 BC. Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5π-πoU, nude youth, holding palm frond in right hand, rein in left, on horseback right; thunderbolt below, @ in exergue. Le Rider Group II.A.2, 278 (D154/R220); SNG ANS 277 (same rev. die); Pozzi 848 (same rev. die). Deep cabinet tone, with slight iridescence, thin die break on obverse, a few light marks on reverse. Near EF. ($2000) 456. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 14.46 g, 1h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 355-349/8 BC. Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5π-πoU, Philip, wearing kausia, chlamys, tunic, and boots, raising right hand and holding rein in left, on horseback left; club below. Le Rider Group I.B, 104 (D45/R87); SNG ANS 469–70; SNG Fitzwilliam 2035. Attractive deep iridescent tone. Near EF. Well centered and struck from fine style dies. ($3000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, December 1998.

457. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.62 g, 10h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving biga right; thunderbolt below. Le Rider Group II.1, 107 (D52/R83); SNG ANS 130–7; SNG Fitzwilliam 2021 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 4374104-002, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($2500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3061 (7 January 2018), lot 29043.

458. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.60 g, 11h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving biga right; thunderbolt below. Le Rider Group II.1, 120 (D57/R91); Locker Lampson 158 (same dies); J. Hirsch XX, lot 239 (same dies). Toned, trace deposits. Near EF. ($3000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Phoibos Collection (Künker 304, 19 March 2018), lot 269.

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459. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.48 g, 12h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving biga right; trident head below. Le Rider Group II.1, 334–5 var. (D150/R– [unlisted rev. die]); SNG ANS 154 (same obv. die). Fully lustrous, a few minor marks, slight die wear. EF. Well centered. ( $3000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Cederlind 177 (18 December 2014), lot 42 and front cover.

460. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Quarter Stater (11mm, 2.14 g, 10h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / f5¬5ππoU, bow and club; trident head below. Le Rider Group II, 85 (D45/R40); SNG ANS 224–7; SNG Fitzwilliam 2030; SNG München 81; de Luynes 1595. Trace deposits, tiny die break on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from A. Kosoff, August 1968.

461. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Eighth Stater (8.5mm, 1.07 g, 5h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / f5¬5π-πoU, thunderbolt. Le Rider Group II, 89 (D56/R42); SNG ANS 228 = SNG Berry 104 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 539 (same rev. die); Traité IV pl. CCCVI, 26 (same dies; Weber 2047 corr. (labelled 2046 on plate; same dies). Lightly toned, trace deposits, some marks. Good VF. Well centered. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from John Jencek, 10 December 2010.

462. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Hemistater (13.5mm, 4.22 g, 1h). In the name and types of Philip II. Amphipolis mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / f5¬5ππoU, forepart of lion right; thunderbolt (engraved over crescent) below. Le Rider Group II, 3 (D1/R2’); SNG ANS 280 var. (same obv. die; different control mark); SNG Lockett 1407 = Consul Weber 1189 (same dies); SNG München 87 (same dies). Light marks. Near VF. Very rare. ($2500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Dr. Arnold Saslow, 22 February 1990.

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Extremely Rare Alexander Eagle Tetradrachm

463. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 14.33 g, 9h). “Light Thraco-Macedonian” standard. Uncertain mint in Macedon. Struck circa 336-334 BC(?). Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / ŬE$Å@-droU, eagle, with closed wings, standing right, head left, on thunderbolt; club to left, satrapal headdress to right. Price 143; Wartenberg 4 = Pegan 5 = Traité IV 909, pl. CCCXI, 17 = MG 19, pl. D, 8 (same obv. die); Wartenberg 5 = Pegan 4 = SNG Saroglos 183 = J. Hirsch XXV, lot 504 = Egger XL [Prowe], lot 575. Toned, a few minor marks. VF. Extremely rare, one of only three known with club symbol, only the BN example (Pegan 5) in Pella, only the Saroglos coin in the ANS photofile, none in CoinArchives, nor the Thessaly, 1992 hoard (Wartenberg). It is also only one of nine Alexander-Eagle tetradrachms known, of which seven are in public collections. ($25,000) The rare Alexander Eagle tetradrachms are possibly the earliest coinage in the name of Alexander, struck on the same weight standard as the tetradrachms of his father, Philip II. These coins are unrelated to the later eagle type drachms, which were struck on the Attic standard. The obverse type continues the head of Zeus that was the standard type on his father’s tetradrachms, while the reverse features an eagle with folded wings, looking back, a type that had been used on reverses of coins issued by Philip’s predecessors, Amyntas III and Perdikkas III. This coinage was first reviewed by Pegan, who placed them in Macedon at the beginning of Alexander’s reign. Based on his understanding of the relative chronology of the issues of Alexander’s early reign, Price rejected Pegan’s analysis, and placed these later in the reign. Unfortunately, Price could not persuasively argue for their placement at any mint, nor at any time of issue; he admits that their listing alongside the eagle drachms was merely “for convenience.” In his 2003 survey of Alexander’s coinage and finances, Le Rider reevaluated the evidence, and though he admits it is not conclusive, the evidence suggests that placing them at the beginning of Alexander’s reign is probably correct (Le Rider, Alexander, pp. 32–7).

464. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AV Distater (21.5mm, 17.09 g, 9h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 325-323/2 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent, single-pendant earring, and two pearl necklaces / ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; trident head in left field. Price 171; Troxell, Studies, Group A, 532–3; SNG Fitzwilliam 2094; Gulbenkian 842; McClean 3404; Pozzi 863. Minor marks. VF. ($10,000)

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465. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.15 g, 7h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 325-323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / ŬE$Å@-droU, eagle standing right, head left, on thunderbolt; horizontal boukranion to left. Price 96 (same dies as illustration); Troxell, Studies, Group E8, 160 = BM museum no. 2002,0101.56 = Athena Fund II 412 (same dies); ANS acc. no. 1954.203.129 (same rev. die). Lightly toned, flan flaws, scratches. Good VF. Well centered. Extremely rare, Troxell notes only four examples (the four in Pella), and this coin is one of only two in CoinArchives. ($1500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 154.

466. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.24 g, 1h). Miletos mint. Struck under Philoxenos, circa 325 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / ŬE$Å@-droU, eagle standing right, head left, on thunderbolt; M to left. Price 153 (Macedon); ADM I Series I, 28–31. A few minor marks. Good VF. Well centered. Rare. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton XII (6 January 2009), lot 185.

Pedigreed Alexander III Dekadrachm

467. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Dekadrachm (34.5mm, 42.55 g, 2h). Babylon mint. Struck under Stamenes or Archon, circa 324/3 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / ŬE$Å@droU, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne decorated with eagles perched on the back; below throne, monogram above M. Price 3600 var. (position of control marks; same obv. die as illustration = NAC 72, lot 344 = CH I, fig. 6, 2); Waggoner –; cf. Berlin obj. no. 18202989 (same obv . die, controls not visible); Roma XIV, lot 111 (same obv. die). Toned, some marks. VF. Well centered and struck, and excellent metal for these typically porous dekadrachms. Extremely rare variety, only the Roma example in CoinArchives. ($30,000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex E. Milas Collection (Leu 54, 20 May 1992), lot 86.

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Very Rare ‘Porus’ Tetradrachm

468. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR ‘Medallion’ of 2 Shekels or Tetradrachm (24mm, 15.35 g, 9h). Local (Satrapal) mint in Babylon. Struck circa 325-323 BC. Archer, in Persian attire, drawing bow right; π to left / Elephant walking right; x below. Price pp. 452–3 and pl. CLIX, I (same dies); F. Holt, Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions (Berkeley, 2003), Appendix A, E/B 1–3 (dies 1/A) = M.J. Price, “Circulation at Babylon in 323 B.C.” in Mnemata: Papers in Memory of Nancy M. Waggoner (New York, 1991), 14–6 = M.J. Price, “The ‘Porus’ Coinage of Alexander the Great: a Symbol of Concord and Community” in SPNO, Obv. A/Rev. a, i–iii. Toned, typical rough and porous surfaces. Near VF. Very rare, one of approximately twelve known, of which four are in museums, none in CoinArchives. ($10,000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, October 1995. Undoubtedly one of the most fascinating and intriguing issues associated with Alexander the Great, the ‘Poros’ Coinage has sparked debate about all aspects of its production and meaning. One point that is not contentious for a consensus of scholars is the interpretation of the designs; clearly they commemorate the great victory of Alexander against Poros at the Hydaspes. What is still debated is where, when, and under what circumstances were they produced. Both W. Hollstein (“Taxiles’ Prägung für Alexander den Grossen,” SNR 68 [1989], pp. 5-17) and F.L. Holt (Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions [Berkeley, 2003]) advocate for an emission struck while Alexander was in India, though they differ on the circumstances. Curtius (8.12.15) mentions that, while Alexander was in Taxila prior to the battle at the Hydaspes, Taxiles (Omphis) gave Alexander 80 talents of silver (signati argenti), and Hollstein suggests that the Poros coinage was the form in which this silver was given to the Macedonian king. M.J. Price disagreed, noting that the medium of coinage at Taxila was silver punch-marked bars, and the use of Greek types and monograms by Taxiles would be unlikely (cf. Price p. 452, n. 9). Moreover, M.J. Olbrycht’s analysis of the regalia of Alexander on these coins concluded that they are Iranian, rather than Indian (“On Coin Portraits of Alexander the Great and His Iranian Regalia,” Notae Numismaticae VI [2011]: 13–27). Similarly, with the exception of the elephant and its riders, the types on the coins are of specifically Iranian, and not Indian, iconography (cf. M.J. Olbrycht, “Macedonia and Persia,” in J. Roisman and I. Worthington, A Companion to Ancient Macedonia [Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2007]: 361). None of these aspects of the coins seem consistent with an issue that Taxiles would strike for Alexander, and the depiction of such a battle scene is unlikely prior to the famous encounter at the Hydaspes, let alone an amicable exchange of gifts between these two kings (see also R.J. Lane Fox, “Text and Image: Alexander the Great, Coins and Elephants,” BICS 41 [1996]: 103–4). In contrast to Hollstein, Holt placed the issue after the battle of the Hydaspes and considered the coins as aristeia, awards for meritorious service that would be handed out after the conflict. Holt’s theory has two flaws. The first is that Alexander and Poros were allies following the conflict, so such an issue would be highly unlikely while Alexander was still in India. The second problem is that it seems unlikely that Alexander would decide at this point in his long campaign to use a medallion or coinage as aristeia, when other objects, such as spoils of the battle, would suffice (and probably had sufficed before). The most significant problem for both Hollstein and Holt, however, is the record of where the ‘Poros’ coins have been found. Nearly all of the extant examples, of all the denominations in the series, are from the Iraq 1973 Hoard; only one coin, a dekadrachm, has an eastern provenance (Bukhara – but this provenance is only anecdotal). If this coinage was produced and distributed in the east, it seems incredible that nearly all that are known today would be from a single hoard found in the region of Babylonia. Moreover, the Poros coins in the hoard exhibit almost no wear, which suggests they did not circulate much, if at all, prior to the deposit of the hoard. It is more logical that the coins were produced in relatively close proximity to the hoard – in Babylonia. Although Price originally thought the issue belonged in India, he finally decided they probably had “a Mesopotamian origin” (Price, p. 452). R.J. Lane Fox, “Text and Image,” advanced a plausible argument for Susa, based on the coins’ epigraphy, AB monogram and Ξ, noting that these may equate to Aboulites, Alexander’s satrap of Susa, and Xenophilos, the garrison commander, who also was the keeper of the treasury in Susa. While this theory is intriguing, Lane Fox noted the difficulty of assigning the coins to Susa, which produced high quality Alexanders, and substantiating the circumstances for such a coinage by these two officers. This theory also ignores the Iranian character of the imagery noted by Olbrycht, which would make little sense for an official issue by the Macedonian administration as Lane Fox suggests. Price, who originally advanced the theory (“The Porus Coinage of Alexander the Great,” 83–4), rejected it as “highly speculative,” as did Hollstein and others. In Babylonia at that time, there were at least two mints operating: an imperial mint in Babylon that produced the Alexander-type coinage, and at least one mint striking issues that were of a local character. This ‘local’ (or ‘satrapal’) mint was responsible for the Baal/Lion staters of Mazaios and his successors that were struck on the Babylonian shekel standard, and is thought to have produced coinage for the local Babylonian economy. If the ‘Poros Coinage’ was struck in Babylonia, it must have been at the ‘local’ mint, for the local coinage has the same characteristics – very thick flan, uneven striking, somewhat porous metal, less refined style – while the coins of the imperial mint were of a totally different character – relatively thinner flans, even striking, good metal, and a refined style. It is logical to assume that if this coinage was a commemorative coinage struck by Alexander for his Macedonian commanders, they would have been struck at the imperial mint, using its refined dies and higher quality metal. In fact, the imperial mint did produce a series of Alexander-type dekadrachms (Price 3598 and 3600), which were of the same high quality as the ubiquitous tetradrachms. The mint workers there had the experience to produce high quality dekadrachms, and it would only make sense for them to produce the ‘Poros Coinage’ if Alexander wanted to have them struck within the context of his imperial coinage. The fact that the coins were not produced there strongly suggests that they were not meant to be an official commemorative issue by Alexander for his Macedonian commanders. This also makes sense considering that Alexander never even issued a commemorative coinage for his greatest achievement, the defeat of the Persian Empire at Gaugamela, which had been not only his own goal, but the goal of his countrymen, and at least some of the Greeks who fought with him. As the series was struck at the ‘local’ mint, it is most likely that the coins were struck for members of the local population, rather than any of the Macedonians or Greeks. At the time of the battle at the Hydaspes, there was a large contingent of troops in Alexander’s army who were raised from the local populations of the eastern satrapies (see, e.g., N.G.L. Hammond, “Alexander’s Non-European Troops and Ptolemy I’s Use of Such Troops,” BASP 33 [1996]: 99–109; and M.J. Olbrycht, “First Iranian military units in the army of Alexander the Great,” Anabasis 2 [2011]: 67–84). Unlike the Macedonians and Greeks, who probably would have viewed Gaugamela as the most significant victory during their tenure under Alexander, to the troops raised from the populations of the east, the victory over Poros would have been the most important event in which they had participated. Thus, the event commemorated on the coins, the regalia of the figures on the coins, and the particular mint point to the recipients being local, probably Iranian, leaders who had served under Alexander. The identification of the exact people involved, however, cannot yet be determined with certainty, although Alexander’s Persian Companion Cavalry (Arr. 7.6.3) is an attractive possibility (the horseman on the obverse may serve a dual purpose as a reference to both Alexander and the Persian cavalrymen, both of whom would have been armed with a xyston as depicted on the coins). Alexander’s popularity among the eastern leaders was significantly high, possibly even more so more than among his war-weary countrymen and accompanying Greeks, so he certainly would have had good reason to reward them with such an issue (see also Olbrycht, “Macedonia and Persia,” 361). Using the local mint, which was controlled by Alexander’s Babylonian satrap, for such a purpose would be perfectly reasonable.

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Ex Pozzi Collection

469. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Alexander III – Philip III. Circa 330/25-320 BC. AV Quarter Stater (10mm, 1.86 g, 2h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in western Asia Minor. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent, single-pendant earring, and necklace / ŬE$Å@-dr-oU, bow and club; to right, eagle standing left, upwards. Price 3132 corr. (obv. type; Salamis); Troxell, New, p. 364, C; SNG Copenhagen 655; SNG München 369; Pozzi 878 (this coin). Lustrous, trace deposits, slightly off center on obverse, short light scratch in field on reverse. Near EF. Very rare, none in Pella, only one in CoinArchives. ($2000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from A. Kosoff, August 1968. Ex Prof. S. Pozzi Collection (Naville I, 14 March 1921), lot 878.

Unique

470. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Alexander III – Philip III. Circa 325/3-319/8 BC. AV Hemistater (14mm, 4.29 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Macedon. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent, and necklace / [Ŭ]E$Å@dro[U], Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; in left field, vertical thunderbolt above Ù. Unpublished. Light marks, some die wear and slightly off center on reverse. Good VF. Unique. ($5000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Triton II (1 December 1998), lot 314; Sotheby’s (23 April 1998), lot 313. In Triton II, the mint was identified as Ephesos, presumably based on the monogram, but this is unlikely. Hemistaters of Alexander type are quite rare, and are mostly from the various drachm mints in western Asia Minor, late in Alexander’s reign or early in the reign of his successor, Philip III. However, Ephesos was not an active mint of Alexander type coinage until Demetrios I Poliorketes seized the city in 301 (if Price 1874 is correctly placed there), followed shortly thereafter by Lysimachos, whereupon the mint produced issues of Price 1875–8. Although one gold issue is attributable to this period, it was marked not only with the ethnic of the city, but also its ubiquitous badge, a bee, which was present on all of the Alexander type issues under Lysimachos. On the present coin, the symbol is a thunderbolt, which is typically found on the left field of Alexander type gold from the Macedonian mints, where it was sometimes accompanied by a monogram (see Price 191–2). Other, though less likely, mints could be Miletos and Alexandreia (Memphis in Price), both of which struck gold hemistaters and used a thunderbolt on some gold staters, often with other symbols or monograms. However, the Alexander series of both of these mints are well studied and documented, leaving little possibility for this unique issue to fit within their known issues.

Exceptional Head Left

471. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.37 g, 6h). In the types of Philip II. Pella mint. Struck under Antipater or Polyperchon, circa 323-318/7 BC. Head of Zeus left, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5π-πoU, youth, holding palm in right hand, rein in left, on horseback right; Q below raised foreleg. Le Rider Period III, 439 (same diies); SNG ANS 430; SNG Alpha Bank 275 (same dies). Lustrous, a couple of tiny marks, slight die shift on reverse. EF. From fresh dies of exceptional style. Rare with head left. ($5000) Ex Dr. G.W. Collection, purchased from Edward J. Waddell Ltd., in the 1990s.

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472. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.57 g, 12h). In the types of Philip II. Lampsakos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving fast biga right; to lower right, radiate head of Helios facing and {. Thompson, Philip 118a (same dies); Le Rider pl. 93, 24; SNG ANS 283 = SNG Berry 96 (same obv. die); SNG Copenhagen 532 (same dies); Hunterian 12 (same obv. die). Lustrous, a few tiny spots of die rust on reverse. Superb EF. ($10,000) Ex LHS 95 (25 October 2005), lot 574; Leu 57 (25 May 1993), lot 70; Leu 42 (12 May 1987), lot 191.

473 474 473. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (16.5mm, 8.61 g, 3h). In the types of Alexander III. Abydos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent / f5¬5ππoU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; cornucopia in left field. Price P28; ADM II Series X, 144a (same dies); SNG Berry 151–2 (same rev. die). Polished, struck with worn obverse die, edge scuffs. Near EF. ($2000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from A. Kosoff, 27 July 1970. Reportedly ex Jules Furthman Collection.

474. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (20mm, 8.56 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Abydos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent, and pearl necklace / ŬE$Å@dr-oU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; in left field, 9 above pentagram; cornucopia below left wing. Price 1524; ADM II Series XI; SNG Saroglos 126–7; Berlin obv. no. 18250283 (same obv. die); Dewing 1148; Gulbenkian 861. Underlying luster, slightly soft strike on obverse. Near EF. ($3000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Jules Furthman Collection (A. Kosoff, 13 October 1965), lot 42.

475 476 475. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.61 g, 6h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Abydos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent, and pearl necklace / ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; in left field, 9 above pentagram; cornucopia below left wing. Price 1524; ADM II Series XI, 16a (same rev. die); SNG Saroglos 126–7; Dewing 1148; Gulbenkian 861. In NGC encapsulation 4681702-001, graded AU, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($2000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex VAuctions 306 / Pegasi XXX (21 May 2014), lot 80.

476. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.63 g, 12h). In the types of Philip II. Magnesia on the Maeander mint. Struck under Menander or Kleitos, circa 322-319 BC. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving fast biga right; bee below, spear head in exergue. Thompson, Philip 3; Le Rider –; SNG ANS 312 corr. (Thompson 3, not 2; same dies); SNG München 98. Underlying luster, scattered tiny marks, small light scuff on reverse. Near EF. ($3000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 84 (20 May 2015), lot 1445.

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477. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.57 g, 2h). In the types of Alexander III. Babylon mint. Struck under Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I, circa 323-318/7 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled serpent, and pearl necklace / ∫Å-s5¬EWs f5¬5ππoU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; µ in left field, ¬U below left wing. Price P180. Lustrous. EF. Well centered. ($3000)

478. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip III – Kassander. Circa 323/2-315 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.61 g, 5h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving biga right; facing boukranion below. Le Rider Group IIIA, 522 (D224/R382); SNG ANS 178-9 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 527. Lustrous, tiny nick in field on reverse. Superb EF. ($10,000) Ex Numismatica Genevensis SA 12 (18 November 2019), lot 116; Nomos FPL (with Classical Numismatic Group, Winter-Spring 2008), no. 20; Berk BBS 110 (8 September 1999), lot 10.

Referenced by Le Rider – Pedigreed to 1909

479. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip III – Kassander. Circa 323/2-315 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.59 g, 1h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving biga right; Boeotian shield below. Le Rider Group IIIB, 607e (D234/R442 – this coin); SNG ANS 198 (same dies); Gulbenkian 831 (same dies); Pozzi 843 (same dies). Lightly toned, trace deposits, minor marks and scratches. Superb EF. Struck from fresh dies. ($5000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 737 (January 1980), no. A1 (noting: “the finest specimen of this coin we have ever seen, splendid style, would grace any collection”); H. M. Collection (Bourgey, 15 December 1909), lot 116.

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480. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.17 g, 3h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Tyre mint. Struck under Menes. Dated RY 36 of ‘Ozmilk (314/3 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ‹‹‹ ‹‹‹ 0 ( (date, in Phoenician) and )o (Phoenician ‘K = ‘Ozmilk [king of Tyre]) in left field. Price 3292 (Ake); Newell, Dated 42, obv. die XXXV; DCA 737; ANS inv. no. 1944.100.35463 (same dies). Attractive deep gray tone, with iridescent hues around the devices, trace deposits, a few light marks on obverse. EF. Well centered and struck, with clear date. Impressive in hand. ($1000) Ex Myntauktioner i Sverige 33 (28 September 2019), lot 933.

481. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.53 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Salamis mint. Struck circa 306-300 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent / ŬE$Å@dr-oU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; 5 in left field. Newell 19, unlisted obv. die; Price 3189; HGC 3, 1004; SNG Copenhagen 634. Trace deposits, edge marks, some die wear, graffito in field on reverse. Good VF. Very rare, only four noted by Newell (including the two in Pella and the Copenhagen example), one additional in CoinArchives, none in the ANS photofile. ($2000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Superior (6 June 1987), lot 4069.

482

483

482. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.19 g, 10h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 294-293 BC. Nike standing left on prow of galley left, blowing trumpet she holds in her right hand and cradling stylis in her left arm / ∫Å-s5¬E-Ws d˙µ˙tr5oU, Poseidon Pelagaios, nude, standing left, seen from behind, preparing to throw trident held aloft in his right hand, chlamys draped over extended left arm; tripod to left; to right, z above m. Newell 94 (dies LXXXV/– [obv. die unlisted for issue, rev. die not known]); HGC 3, 1012f; Triton XXIII, lot 223 (same dies); Triton XIX, lot 102 (same dies); Triton XVII, lot 164 (same dies); CNG 106, lot 220 (same dies). Iridescent tone, underlying luster, minor die break on obverse (diagnostic for this die). EF. Well struck. ($3000) From the Weise Collection. Ex CNG inventory 703742 (November 1997).

483. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.31 g, 4h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 292-291 BC. Diademed and horned head right / ∫Ås5¬EWs d˙µ˙tr5oU, Poseidon Pelagaios seated left on rock, holding aphlaston in extended right hand and trident in left; to inner left, 5 above z; M to outer right. Newell 103 (dies –/170 [unlisted obv. die]); HGC 3, 1013b; SNG Copenhagen 1176 (same rev. die); SNG München 1047 (same rev. die). Trace deposits, a few light marks, minor double strike on reverse. Near EF. Attractive portrait. ($2000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex CNG inventory 715621 (September 1999).

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485 484 484. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.23 g, 1h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 292-291 BC. Diademed and horned head right / ∫Ås5¬EWs d˙µ˙tr5oU, Poseidon Pelagaios seated left on rock, holding aphlaston in extended right hand and grounded trident in left; to inner left, 5 above z; æ to inner right. Newell 106 (unlisted dies); HGC 3, 1013b. Lightly toned, underlying luster, slight die shift on reverse. Near EF. Rare issue, only three noted by Newell, four additional in CoinArchives. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Antiqua FPL XIV (January 2007), no. 21.

Referenced by Newell 485. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.71 g, 4h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 289-288 BC. Diademed and horned head right / ∫Ås5¬EWs d˙µ˙tr5oU, Poseidon Pelagaios, nude, standing left, right foot propped on rock, holding trident in left hand, right arm resting on leg; : to inner left, : to outer right. Newell 123 (dies CXXIV/242 – this coin referenced); HGC 3, 1014b; Hirsch 1112; Pozzi 959 (same obv. die). Cabinet tone, some porosity, scrape on obverse, slightly off center on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Freeman & Sear, May 2002. Ex Numismatic Fine Arts IX (10 December 1980), lot 181; J. Hirsch XXX (11 May 1911), lot 473.

486 487 486. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.36 g, 6h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 289-288 BC. Diademed and horned head right / ∫Ås5¬EWs d˙µ˙tr5oU, Poseidon Pelagaios, nude, standing left, right foot propped on rock, holding trident in left hand, right arm resting on leg; : to outer left, : to outer right. Newell 124 (dies CXXVII/263); HGC 3, 1014b; SNG Alpha Bank 952 (same obv. die); SNG München 1050 (same obv. die); Pozzi 960 (same obv. die). Toned. EF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton XII (6 January 2009), lot 205.

487. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos II Gonatas. 277/6-239 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 17.09 g, 10h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 274/1-260/55 BC. Horned head of Pan left, lagobolon over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield / ∫Ås5¬EWs Å@t5˝o@oU, Athena Alkidemos advancing left, shield decorated with aegis on left arm, preparing to cast thunderbolt held aloft in right hand; crested Macedonian helmet to inner left, ˆ to inner right. Panagopoulou Period I, 28 var. (O12/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Touratsoglou 47–8; HGC 3, 1042; SNG Evelpidis 1427 (same obv. die). Toned, earthen deposits, patch of find patina at edge, die break on obverse. EF. Well centered on excellent metal. ($2000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from A. Kosoff, June 1967.

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Impressive Hellenistic Portrait

488. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.49 g, 11h). Pella or Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 220-211 BC. Diademed head right / ∫Ås5¬EWs f5¬5ππoU, Athena Alkidemos, seen from behind, advancing left, shield decorated with star on left arm, preparing to cast thunderbolt held aloft in right hand; ¯ to inner left, ˘ to inner right. Mamroth, Philip 1; SNG Alpha Bank 1050 (same dies); SNG Saroglos 934 (same obv. die); Gulbenkian 886 (same obv. die); Kraay & Hirmer 577 (same obv. die); McClean 3628 (same obv. die); Triton XI, lot 131 (same dies). Attractively toned, a hint of porosity, a few light marks. EF. Well centered and struck. Rare and important Hellenistic portrait. ($15,000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex CNG inventory 800984 (March 1997).

489. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.47 g, 11h). Attic standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Ar–, mintmaster. Struck circa 188/7-184 BC. Head of the hero Perseus left, wearing winged helmet surmounted by griffin’s head; harpa in background; all in the center of a Macedonian shield / Club; 1 (mintmaster’s monogram) and ∫Ås5¬EWs above, f5¬5ππoU below, 6 to lower left, fl to lower right; all within oak wreath tying to left; kerykeion to outer left. Mamroth, Philip 4 var. (monogram arrangement); HGC 3, 1058; McClean 3635 var. (different lower right monogram). Lightly toned, a few light cut marks on obverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the Weise Collection. Ex Stack’s (13 January 2004), lot 105; Classical Numismatic Group 66 (19 May 2004), lot 265.

490. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.95 g, 12h). Attic standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Zoilos, mintmaster. Struck circa 184-179 BC. Head of the hero Perseus left, wearing winged helmet surmounted by griffin’s head; harpa in background; all in the center of a Macedonian shield / Club; g (mintmaster’s monogram) and ∫Ås5¬EWs above, f5¬5ππoU below, ö to lower left, : to lower right; all within oak wreath tying to left; star to outer left. Mamroth, Philip 31; HGC 3, 1060; SNG Ashmolean 3271; SNG Berry 374; McClean 3632. Beautifully toned. EF. Perfectly centered. ($3000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd., 12 September 1992 (inv. no. A12403).

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491

492

491. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Didrachm (22.5mm, 8.22 g, 5h). Attic standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Zoilos, mintmaster. Struck circa 184-179 BC. Diademed head right / Club; g (mintmaster’s monogram) and ∫Ås5¬EWs above, f5¬5ππoU below, 6 to lower left, : to lower right; all within oak wreath tying to left; [star to outer left]. Mamroth, Philip 25; HGC 3, 1059; SNG Alpha Bank 1055 (same dies); SNG Saroglos 939 (same obv. die); Bement 787; Hunterian 3. Lightly toned, some die wear and a few light marks on obverse. Good VF. Well centered. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Classical Numismatic Group XXX (11 June 1994), lot 78.

492. KINGS of MACEDON. Perseus. 179-168 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.70 g, 12h). Attic standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Zoilos, mintmaster. Struck circa 174-173 BC. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5-¬EW% ∏Er-%EW%, eagle, wings spread, standing right on thunderbolt; g (mintmaster’s monogram) above, / to right, m between legs; all within oak wreath; below, plow right. Mamroth, Perseus 4; HGC 3, 1091; SNG Copenhagen 1266; Bement 792; Boston MFA 720; Pozzi 982; CNG 106, lot 233 (same dies). Lightly toned, trace deposits. Near EF. ($1500) From the Weise Collection, purchased from Gorny & Mosch, 4 December 1998.

493. MACEDON (Roman Protectorate), Republican period. Roman embassy. Circa 148-147 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.91 g, 3h). Amphipolis or Thessalonika mint. Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder, in boss of a Macedonian shield / Club; above, Leg and hand holding olive branch left; below ÂÅ˚Edo@W@ above q; all within oak wreath, thunderbolt to outer left. MacKay, Macedonian, Series 2, 15 (O3/R14); AMNG III/1, p. 63, 194; HGC 3, 1105; SNG Sarolglos 979; Berlin Duplicates (Reichmann XXX), 485 (same dies); Jameson 1017 (same obv. die). Attractive deep cabinet tone. Good VF. A pleasing example of this rare type. ($3000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 17 September 1999. This type is traditionally thought to have been issued immediately following the suppression of the revolt of Philip VI Andriskos. As the Romans did not think the Macedonian people had supported Andriskos, they sent a peace embassy, instead of an army of occupation, after his defeat. The Latin legend LEG refers to ‘legatio’, an embassy, and the hand holding the olive branch an offer of peace. A.M. Burnett published a hoard (“Aesillas: Two new hoards,” CH VII) containing a small number of these tetradrachms along with various Athenian new style tetradrachms, Thasos tetradrachms, and Aesillas tetradrachms. Due to the light wear on the LEG MAKEΔONΩN tetradrachms, Burnett concluded that they were struck shortly before Aesillas’ issues, a downdating of approximately fifty years. Some numismatists have adopted this proposal (see Crawford, CMRR, p. 197). It seems more likely, however, that any apparent anomaly in degree of wear can be explained by the possibility that the hoard was assembled over a period of time, a supposition also supported by the other coinage found in the hoard. For example, the Athenian issues span the years 159/8-137/6 BC, and a number of these are also as well preserved as the Macedonian coins. The evidence of this single find is thus inconclusive, and should not override MacKay’s analysis without further confirmation.

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494. MACEDON (Roman Province). Aesillas. Quaestor, circa 95-70 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.73 g, 12h). Uncertain mint. Head of the deified Alexander the Great right; ∫ behind neck, ÂÅ˚Edo@W@ below / Money chest, club, and chair; AeÍiLLAÍ above, œ to right; all within wreath tying below. Bauslaugh Group III, dies O15A/R85, b (this coin); HGC 3, 1110; SNG Fitzwilliam 2346 (same dies); SNG Lockett 1542 = Pozzi 1004 (same dies); Dewing 1223 (same dies); Rhousopoulos 785 (same dies). Attractive even gray tone, with golden hues around the devices, minor die wear on obverse. EF. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from B.A. Seaby Coins (as a division of Classical Numismatic Group), 1 November 1991. Ex The Numismatic Auction I (13 December 1982), lot 73.

495

496

495. KINGS of PAEONIA. Lykkeios. Circa 358/6-335 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 12.71 g, 2h). Astibos or Damastion mint. Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / Herakles standing left, right hand raised to strike the Nemean Lion, which he has in a strangle-hold with his left arm; ¬U˚˚-E5oU above, bow and quiver to right. Paeonian Hoard 63 (same obv. die); Peykov E1000; NBRM Paeonia 32 (same dies); AMNG III/2, 8; HGC 3, 142; SNG ANS 1019; Alpha Bank, Hellenic 82 (same dies); Šeldarov 760 (same dies). Lightly toned, slightly off center, typical slight die wear on obverse. EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

496. EPEIROS, Ambrakia. Circa 360-338 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 8.21 g, 7h). Pegasos flying right; Å below / Helmeted head of Athena left; cicada to right. Ravel, Colts 141 (A58/P92); Pegasi 93 (same dies as illustration); HGC 3, 213 (same dies as illustration); BMC 23 (same dies). Toned, light porosity, a couple edge splits, double struck on reverse. VF. Rare. ($2000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Frank L. Kovacs inventory (his ticket included).

497. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 479-460 BC. AR Obol (10mm, 0.95 g, 7h). Head of the nymph Larissa left / Sandal of Jason left; ¬A‰5 above, z below; all within incuse square. BCD Thessaly II 349.2 (same rev. die); HGC 4, 403. Toned, light porosity. VF. ($500) From the JTB Collection. Ex BCD Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 96, 14 May 2014), lot 139.

498. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 450/40-420 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 5.79 g, 8h). Thessalos, nude but for petasos and cloak tied at neck, holding band across horns of bull leaping left / Bridled horse leaping right; ¬År5-sÅ5Å above and below; all within incuse square. Lorber, Thessalian 50; BCD Thessaly II 174; HGC 4, 420; Traité IV 666, pl. CCXCVII, 1 (same dies). Lightly toned, granular surfaces, minor doubling on reverse. EF. ($1500) From the Weise Collection. Ex Prospero Collection (New York Sale XXVII, 4 January 2012), lot 326; Spink 65 (5 October 1988), lot 48.

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499 500 499. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 400-370 BC. AR Drachm (20.5mm, 6.29 g, 8h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, wearing ampyx and necklace / Horse grazing left; ¬År5sÅ5 above. L-S Group 1, Head Type 1, dies O6/R3, c (this coin); BCD Thessaly II 218 (same dis); HGC 4, 432; Bement 924 (same obv. die); Lorber, Hoard 9–10 (same dies). Iridescent tone, minor double strike and light graffito under tone on reverse. Good VF. Well centered portrait on a broad flan. ($1000) From the Weise Collection. Ex K. Davis FPL 41 (Spring 2003), no. 31 and enlargement plate; Gorny & Mosch 117 (14 October 2002), lot 204.

Ex Niggeler and Vicomte de Sartiges Collections 500. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 400-370 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 5.88 g, 1h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly right, wearing ampyx and necklace / Horse grazing right; r5s above. L-S Group 3, Head Type 17, dies O54/R1, b = Sartiges 222 (this coin); BCD Thessaly II 215 (same obv. die); HGC 4, 430. Lightly toned, with some blue iridescence, minor die wear on obverse, a few scratches under tone on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics. Ex Walter Niggeler Collection (Part I, Leu/Munzen und Medallien, 3 December 1965), lot 259; Vicomte de Sartiges Collection; Rollin & Feuardent (22 May 1908), lot 114.

501 502 501. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 400-370 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 6.07 g, 7h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly right, wearing ampyx and necklace / Horse grazing right; r5 above. L-S Group 4, Head Type 19, dies O62/R1, a = Lorber, Early, 45.1(a) = BCD Thessaly II 233 (this coin); HGC 4, 430. Lightly toned, with turquoise and orange hues around the devices, minor flat strike on reverse. Good VF. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 233; Numismatic Fine Arts BBS (9 September 1993), lot 162; Commerce, 1989 Hoard (CH IX, 65).

502. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 380-365 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 5.89 g, 3h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly right, wearing ampyx and necklace / Horse standing left, about to lie down; ¬År5-sÅ5W@ above and below. L-S Series I, Type A, dies O1/R2; BCD Thessaly 283 var. (orientation of ethnic); Lorber, Hoard 1 (same dies); HGC 4, 441; Hermitage Sale II 816 (same dies). Toned, minor roughness. EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex estate of an English Numismatist (Roma XIV, 21 September 2017), lot 69.

503. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 380-365 BC. AR Drachm (19.5mm, 5.92 g, 11h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, wearing ampyx ornamented with grain ears, and necklace / Mare standing right; below, in background to right, foal standing right; ¬År5sÅ5-W@ above and to right. L-S Series VI, Type B, dies O7/R1; BCD Thessaly 292; HGC 4, 445; Dewing 1394 var. (ethnic; same obv. die). Toned, minor porosity, slight doubling on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

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504. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 356-342 BC. AR Stater (24mm, 11.96 g, 12h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair in ampyx, wearing single-pendant earring and necklace / Bridled horse prancing right; ¬År5-s-Å5W@ around. L-S Type II, Series A, dies O4’/R3, i (this coin, listing incorrect weight); BCD Thessaly 311/310 (for obv./rev. dies); HGC 4, 409; SNG Berry 541 (same dies); Pozzi 1220 (same dies). Attractive cabinet tone, some die wear on obverse. EF. Perfectly centered, and well struck. Among the finest staters of Larissa. ($7500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXII, 9 January 2019) lot 203; Ambrose Collection (Roma XIII, 23 March 2017), lot 116; Numismatica Ars Classica 48 (21 October 2008), lot 74; LHS 100 (24 April 2007), lot 223; Lanz 52 (14 May 1990), lot 151 (incorrect weight noted).

505 506 505. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 356-337 BC. AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 3.04 g, 5h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair in ampyx, wearing single-pendant earring and necklace / Horse standing right, preparing to lie down; ¬År5sÅ5W@ above and below. BCD Thessaly 325 (same obv. die); HGC 4, 464; Giessener Münzhandlung 44 (3 April 1989), lot 282 (same dies). Some light die rust and granularity, flan flaw on the reverse. Near EF. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 322 (12 March 2014), lot 174; CNG Inventory 901229 (July 2011 – at $1650).

506. AKARNANIA, Leukas. Circa 470-450 BC. AR Stater (20mm, 8.36 g, 2h). Pegasos flying right; Ò below / Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet, within incuse square. C.M. Kraay, “A Hoard of Corinth and Leucas from N.W. Greece” in CH V, 28 = Pegasi 13/2 (this coin); BCD Akarnania –; HGC 4, 812. Toned, minor roughness, reverse die breaks. VF. ($1000) From the JTB Collection. Ex N.W. Greece 1964 Hoard (CH V, 7), Leucas no. 29.

507. LOKRIS, Lokri Opuntii. Circa 360-350 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 12.10 g, 1h). Head of Persephone left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace / Ajax, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, holding sword in right hand, shield decorated with palmette and griffin on left arm, advancing right on rocks; oπo@t5W@ to left, laurel branch and spear below. H&D Group 13, 124k (O14A/R39 – this coin); BCD Lokris 57 (same dies); HGC 4, 992; SNG Berry 573 (same dies); de Luynes 1956 (same dies); Jameson 1146 (same dies); Weber 3143 (same dies). Toned with some iridescence, trace deposits, slight die shift on reverse. VF. Well centered, and struck from artistic dies. Choice for issue. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Peus 378 (28 April 2004), lot 115; Santamaria (4 May 1961), lot 122.

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508. BOEOTIA, Federal Coinage. Circa 250 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 5.04 g, 11h). Head of Demeter or Kore (Persephone) facing slightly right, wearing wreath of grain ears / Poseidon, naked, standing right, right hand on grounded trident to left, holding dolphin in left hand; to right, Ô above Boeotian shield. BCD Boiotia 94 (this coin); HGC 4, 1174; SNG Copenhagen 381; SNG Lockett 1774; Jameson 1167 (same dies); McClean 5616. Lightly toned, small die break on reverse. Good VF. Fine style. ($500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex BCD Collection (Triton IX, 10 January 2006), lot 94.

509. BOEOTIA, Haliartos. Circa 475-450 BC. AR Stater (18mm, 12.34 g). Boeotian shield / Square incuse with counterclockwise mill-sail pattern; h in center. BCD Boiotia 154 (this coin); HGC 4, 1194; SNG Lockett 1720; Rhousopoulos 1709; Traité I 1335; Weber 3204. Old collection tone, slightly off center on obverse. VF. ($1500) From the G.W.H. Collection, purchased from Freeman & Sear. Ex BCD Collection (Triton IX, 10 January 2006), lot 154; Bonham’s (15 April 2003), lot 685.

510. BOEOTIA, Thebes. Circa 480-460 BC. AR Stater (17mm, 12.17 g). Boeotian shield / Square incuse with counterclockwise mill-sail pattern; q in center. BCD Boiotia 354; Myron Hoard pl. A, 14; HGC 4, 1308; SNG Copenhagen 218; Boston MFA 994; Pozzi 1406–8; Rhousopoulos 1770–2. Deep cabinet tone, slightly off center on obverse. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.H. Collection, purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd.

511. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 515-510 BC. AR Obol (8mm, 0.72 g). “Wappenmünzen” type. Scarab beetle / Quadripartite incuse square, divided diagonally. Seltman pl. IV, μ; Svoronos, Monnaies, pl. I, 39–40; HGC 4, 1649; de Luynes 2026; Weber 3420. Dark find patina, earthen deposits. Good VF. Very rare. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Cederlind 118 (17 February 2000), lot 1260; Leu 72 (12 May 1998), lot 203; Leu 65 (21 May 1996), lot 160.

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512

513

An Exceptional Example of an Archaic Owl and a Transitional Issue 512. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 510-500/490 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.31 g, 8h). Head of Athena right, wearing earring and crested Attic helmet decorated with tiny spiral on the back of the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; åQe to right, olive sprig to right; all within incuse square. Seltman Group L, 328 (A214/P273) = Svoronos, Monnaies, pl. 6, 7 (same dies); HGC 4, 1589; Rhousopoulos 1945 var. (placement of ethnic and branch; same obv. die). Attractively toned, minor copper oxide deposits. EF. An exceptional Archaic Athens tetradrachm, perfectly centered on a broad flan, revealing full crest. ($50,000) The grouping and arrangement of the issues in Seltman have undergone a number of transformations as our knowledge of the series evolved with the discovery of a number of hoards over the past few decades, primarily that of the Asyut Hoard. It is fairly certain now that Seltman Group H was the earliest of the famous Owl series, followed shortly thereafter by the coins of Group L. A salient characteristic of the tetradrachms of Group H is the numerous variations of placement of the ethnic and olive branch in the field around the reverse, exemplifying the experimentation that is so often characteristic of an early series of coinage. It seems that the engravers were given free reign to design the reverses as they saw fit. With Group L, the ethnic and branch assume their canonical placement in the field, which endured on all of the subsequent series, lasting into the early second century BC. The present coin is from a set of dies that is regarded as transitional, in that it retains the “experimental” aspect of the placement of these features from Group H, but is obverse die linked to these “standardized” issues of Group L. Thus, Seltman’s placement of this die combination at the beginning of the group is well justified.

513. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 510-500/490 BC. AR Hemidrachm (12mm, 2.09 g, 1h). Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with small spiral on the bowl, round earring, and pearl necklace / Head of Athena Ergane right; åQ[E] to left, olive spray to right; all within incuse square. Seltman Group L, pl. XXII, ω; Svoronos, Monnaies, pl. 7, 30–4; HGC 4, 1638 (same dies as illustration); Dewing 1573. Light golden hues over fully lustrous surfaces, slightly off center, a few light cleaning marks. EF. Excellent metal. ($20,000) From an American Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 232 (5 October 2015), lot 211.

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514. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 500/490-485/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (19.5mm, 17.69 g, 6h). Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet and earring, hair in thin rows of ringlets / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig to left, [¡]-QE to right; all within incuse square. Seltman Group G (unlisted dies); HGC 4, 1590; Asyut group IV, 268-394; SNG Copenhagen 19; C.M. Kraay & P.R.S. Moorey, “Two fifth century hoards from the Near East” in RN 1968, p. 184, 19 (this coin). Toned. VF. Well struck for issue. ($3000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 122; John A. Seeger Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 76, 12 September 2007), lot 3048; Hesperia Art Bulletin XL/XLI (1969), no. 43; Jordan 1967 Hoard (ICGH 1482).

515. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 465/2-454 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.04 g, 10h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace with pendants, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing, spread tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Starr Group V.B (unlisted dies); Svoronos, Monnaies, pl. 10, 1–10; HGC 4, 1596; Boston MFA 1066 = Warren 821; Dewing –; Gulbenkian 517; Kraay & Hirmer 360–1; Rhousopoulos 1973. Light scratches and slight doubling on obverse. Near EF. ($2000)

516. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.19 g, 4h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597; SNG Copenhagen 31; SNG München 49; Dewing 1611–22; Gulbenkian 519–21. Lustrous, slight die shift on reverse. Superb EF. Much crest visible. ($1500)

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517

518

517. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.17 g, 1h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597; SNG Copenhagen 31; SNG München 49; Dewing 1611–22; Gulbenkian 519–21. Lustrous. EF. Well centered. Attractive compact style, allowing full crest to be visible. ($1000) 518. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.15 g, 7h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597; SNG Copenhagen 31; SNG München 49; Dewing 1611–22; Gulbenkian 519–21. Toned, underlying luster, minor edge splits. Choice EF. Much crest visible. ($1000)

519 520 519. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.19 g, 4h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597; SNG Copenhagen 31; SNG München 49; Dewing 1611–22; Gulbenkian 519–21. Lustrous. Choice EF. Nearly full crest. ($1000) 520. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.16 g, 4h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597; SNG Copenhagen 31; SNG München 49; Dewing 1611–22; Gulbenkian 519–21. Toned, a few small marks and tiny die breaks. EF. Fine style. ($1000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 108 (16 May 2018), lot 137; Gemini XII (11 January 2015), lot 122.

521. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 17.16 g, 8h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597; SNG Copenhagen 31; SNG München 49; Dewing 1611–22; Gulbenkian 519–21. Lightly toned, with some iridescence around the devices, slight die wear. Superb EF. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Stack’s Bowers Galleries (8 January 2016), lot 30072 (hammer $3000). This superb owl is almost certainly among the latest of the famous frontal-eye series, as the depiction of the eye here is verging on being in profile, as it appears on all the subsequent series of Athenian coinage.

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522 523 522. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33 mm, 16.93 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Hera–, Aristoph–, and Epistr–, magistrates. Struck 136/5 BC. Head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing single-pendant earring, necklace, and triple-crested Attic helmet decorated with the foreparts of four horses above the visor, a Pegasos in flight rightward above the raised earpiece, and a curvilinear ornament on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; Å-œE above ˙rÅ> År5%tof> E∏5%tr (magistrates’ names) in three lines across field; to left, upright club, lion skin, and bowcase; ¬ on amphora, ˝¬ below; all within wreath . Thompson 339c–e (same obv. die); HGC 4, 1602; de Luynes 2084 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, underlying luster, light marks, a couple of minor die breaks on obverse. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. ($1000) From the TAB Collection.

523. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.76 g, 11h). New Style coinage. Antiochos, Karaichos, and Protog(e)–, magistrates. Struck 131/0 BC. Head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing single-pendant earring, necklace, and triple-crested Attic helmet decorated with the foreparts of four horses above the visor, a Pegasos in flight rightward above the raised earpiece, and a curvilinear ornament on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; Å-œE above Å@t5-o≈oU> ˚ÅrÅ>5≈os> ∏rW>to˝ (magistrates’ names) in five lines across field; to right, elephant standing right; z on amphora, %W below; all within wreath. Thompson 399a var. (different letters below; same obv. die); Svoronos, Monnaies –; HGC 4, 1602. Toned, small flan flaw in field on obverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the TAB Collection. Ex Richard P. Miller Collection (Gemini XI, 12 January 2014), lot 133, purchased from Freeman & Sear at the NYINC, 19 January 2002.

524. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Hemidrachm – Quarter Stater (11mm, 3.08 g). Sea turtle, head in profile / Incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIa; Milbank –; HGC 6, 446; SNG Copenhagen 504; SNG Delepierre –; Boston MFA –; Dewing 1664; Rosen 213. Deep cabinet tone, typical die wear. VF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Russel Bement, Jr. Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 51, 15 September 1999), lot 334.

525

526

525. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 480-457 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 12.47 g, 2h). Sea turtle, head in profile, with ‘T-back’ design on shell / Large square incuse with skew pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIIa; Milbank Period III; HGC 6, 448; SNG Copenhagen 510; SNG Delepierre 1528–9; Boston MFA –; Dewing 1679; Rosen 221. Attractive cabinet tone, some light marks. Good VF. ($2500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 54 (14 June 2000), lot 594.

526. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 456/45-431 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 11.66 g, 5h). Land tortoise with segmented shell / Large square incuse with heavy skew pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIIb; Milbank Period IV, pl. II, 12; HGC 6, 437; SNG Copenhagen 517; SNG Delepierre 1535–40; Boston MFA 116; Dewing 1683; Gillet 948; Jameson 1200; Pozzi 1635. Lightly toned, surfaces a bit rough. Near EF. Well centered, attractive compact style. ($2000) 64


Rare Archaic Stater

527. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 525/10-490 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 8.57 g). Pegasos flying left; J below / Quadripartite incuse square with swastika pattern. Ravel Period I, Class III, 85–90 var. (P63/T– [unlisted rev. punch]); Pegasi 38; BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1815. Attractive iridescent tone, a few light scratches. Good VF. Well centered on excellent metal. Rare, missing from the BCD Collection. ($5000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 500; Numismatic Fine Arts XVI (2 December 1985), lot 173.

Pegasi Plate Coin

528. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 490-450 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 8.36 g, 5h). Pegasos flying right; J below / Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet and pearl necklace, within broad incuse square. Ravel Period II, 124 var. (P81/T– [unlisted rev. die]); Pegasi 75/1 (this coin); BCD Corinth 22; HGC 4, 1823 corr. (photo labeled 1824). Deeply toned, light roughness, trace deposits, scratches under tone. Good VF. ($2000) From the JTB Collection. Ex New York Sale XLV (8 January 2019), lot 42; Hess–Divo 321 (25 October 2012), lot 121; Auctiones AG 18 (21 September 1989), lot 699.

529

530

531

529. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 400-350/45 BC. AR Stater (20mm, 8.56 g, 8h). Pegasos flying left; J below / Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with neck guard; to right, open left hand. Ravel Period IV, 491 (P245/T341); Pegasi 212 (same rev. die as illustration); BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1832; Bement 1178 (same rev. die). Iridescent tone, edge split, double struck and a little off center on obverse, minor metal flaws on reverse. Good VF. Rare symbol. ($500) From the JTB Collection.

Illustrated in Pegasi 530. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 400-350/45 BC. AR Stater (19.5mm, 8.20 g, 10h). Pegasos standing left; J below / Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet with neck guard; palmette to left, dolphin to right. Ravel Period IV, – (P321/ T443 [unlisted die combination]); Pegasi 296 and 297/1 corr. (this coin illustrated [297/1 is a duplication of 296 with different pedigree]); BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1837 corr. (head of Athena left or right). Toned, some minor roughness. VF. Rare with Pegasos standing. ($1000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 155 (March 5, 2007), lot 100; Kurpfälzische Münzhandlung 24 (17 May 1983), lot 50; Hess 247 (29 June 1978), lot 142.

531. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 400-350/45 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 8.51 g, 7h). Pegasos standing left; J below / Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with neck guard; to right, statuette of Zeus standing right, holding staff and thunderbolt. Ravel Period IV, 707 (P321/T446); Pegasi 183 (same dies as illustration); BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1837 corr. (head of Athena left or right); SNG Fitzwilliam 3345; BMC 169 (same dies). Lightly toned with some blue iridescence, flan crack, some marks, slight die shift on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the JTB Collection, purchased from Davissons.

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532. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 400-350/45 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 8.43 g, 7h). Pegasos stepping left; J below / Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet with neck guard; palmette to left, dolphin to right. Ravel Period IV, 795 (P345/T443); Pegasi 296 var. (Pegasos standing); BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1837 corr. (head of Athena left or right); SNG Copenhagen 41 (same dies). Light iridescent tone, some die wear on obverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the JTB Collection.

533 534 533. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Circa 335-330 BC. AR Stater (23.5mm, 12.09 g, 7h). Chimaera standing left; wreath above, sE below / Dove flying left; @ to left; all within wreath tying to right. BCD Peloponnesos 218; HGC 5, 201; BMC 57; Traité III 776. In NGC encapsulation 4252346-001, graded AU, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3049 (6 September 2016), lot 30112.

Signed by the artist Pythodoros 534. CRETE, Aptera. Circa 280 BC. AR Stater (24mm, 11.36 g, 6h). Obverse die signed by the artist Pythodoros. Head of Artemis right, wearing ornate stephanos, solar-disk pendant earring with three drops, and pearl necklace; [Å-πtErÅ5]W@ around, πUQodWroU to right / The hero Apteros-Ptoloioikos, wearing crested helmet and cuirass, holding shield and spear in left hand, right hand raised toward fir tree to left; πto[¬5]-o5-kos around. Svoronos, Numismatique 5 (same dies as illustration); Le Rider, Crétoises, p. 36, 268; SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 1 (same dies); Boston MFA Supp. 108 (same dies); Boutin –; Evans –; Traeger –. Toned, typical areas of weak strike, scattered light marks. VF. Extremely rare. ($3000) Ex Münzen und Medaillen AG 81 (18 September 1995), lot 74.

Ex Hermitage Collection

535. CRETE, Gortyna. Circa 330-270 BC. AR Stater (26.5mm, 11.71 g, 1h). Europa seated right within tree branches, propping up her head with her left hand, right hand set on branches to left / Bull standing right, head reverted. Svoronos, Numismatique 57; Le Rider, Crétoises, p. 66, 23, pl. XIV, 4 = Hermitage Sale II 1049 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen 440; Boutin 127 (same dies); Evans –; Traeger 67. Old cabinet tone, slightly off center on obverse, a couple small die breaks on reverse. VF. Overstruck on an uncertain issue of Cyrenaica. ($1000) Ex Leu 79 (31 October 2000), lot 596; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 272 (January 1967), no. 18; Hermitage Museum Collection (Schlessinger 13, 4 February 1935), lot 351.

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536. CRETE, Itanos. Circa 370-360 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 5.08 g, 3h). Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet with floral decoration on the bowl / Eagle standing left, head right; [5]tÅ@5W[@] to left, triton to right; all within incuse square. Puleo Series V; Svoronos, Numismatique 36; Le Rider, Crètoises –; SNG Copenhagen 475; BMC 13; Boutin 141 (same dies); Evans 1364 (same dies); Traeger 143 (same dies). Deeply toned, some minor smoothing of find patina in fields. VF. Well centered. ($750) From the Weise Collection. Ex Cederlind 131 (6 July 2004), lot 63.

Neuantos Made [This]

537. CRETE, Kydonia. Circa 320-270 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 11.18 g, 12h). Obverse die signed by the artist Neuantos. Head of maenad right, wearing wreath of ivy and solar disc earring with crescent and three drops; @EU[Å@tos]/[EπoE5] (= Neuantos made [this]) in two lines behind neck / Kydon standing left, stringing bow; KYΔ[ΩN] to right; all in pellet border within shallow circular incuse. Svoronos, Numismatique 3, pl. IX, 3 (same dies); Le Rider, Crétoises, pl. XXXI, 10–1 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen –; Boutin 162 (same obv. die); Evans 1602 (same dies); Friedlaender & Von Sallet 157; Traeger –. Old cabinet tone, a few light scratches under tone, minor double strike on reverse. VF. ($2000) Ex Sternberg XXI (14 November 1988), lot 115; Auctiones AG 4 (26 November 1974), lot 116.

Pedigreed to 1957

538. CRETE, Phalasarna. Circa 300-270 BC. AR Stater (24.5mm, 11.45 g, 7h). Head of Artemis Diktynna right, hair bound with cord, wearing single-pendant earring and necklace / Trident head; f-Å between prongs. Svoronos, Numismatique 2, pl. 25, 5–6 (same obv. die); Le Rider, Crètoises, pl. X, 12–3 (same obv. die); SNG Copenhagen 522 (same obv. die); BMC 1 (same obv. die); Boutin 198 (same obv. die); Evans 1652 (same dies); Traeger 306 (same obv. die). Iridescent tone, areas of slightly weak strike, minor marks, small lamination on obverse. VF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Künker 111 (18 March 2006), lot 6221; G. Hirsch 12 (25 April 1957), lot 149.

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539

540

541

Illustrated in Sheedy 539. CYCLADES, Paros. Circa 520/15-500 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 6.02 g). Goat kneeling right, head left / Rough quadripartite incuse square. Sheedy Class Bii, Group 4, 40a (O84/R110 – this coin); HGC 6, 657; SNG Delepierre 2442 var. (head not reverted; same rev. punch). Attractive deep iridescent tone. Near EF. ($3000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton IV (5 December 2000), lot 215; Hess-Divo 283 (10 May 2000), lot 80; Leu 38 (13 May 1986), lot 91.

Ex Pozzi Collection and 1901 Zagazig Hoard 540. CYCLADES, Paros. Circa 485-480 BC. AR Drachm (15.5mm, 5.88 g). Goat kneeling right / Quadripartite incuse square. Sheedy Class F, 153a (O84/R110) = Pozzi 2807 = Zagazig 234 corr. (this coin; photo in Zagazig incorrectly labeled 235); HGC 6, 657; Rhousopoulos 3164 (same rev. punch). Old collection tone, minor die wear. Good VF. ($3000) Ex Prof. S. Pozzi Collection (Naville I, 14 March 1921), lot 2807; J. Hirsch VII (2 June 1902), lot 172; Zagazig (anc. Bubastis), 1901 Hoard (IGCH 1645).

Sheedy Plate Coin – Pedigreed to 1952 541. CYCLADES, Siphnos. Circa 540-525 BC. AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.95 g). Eagle flying right / Incuse square with rough eight-part division. Sheedy Series I, 12a (O9/R8 – this coin); HGC 6, 696; BMC 3; Traité I 1941; Weber 4713. Lovely cabinet tone, minor die break on obverse. VF. Extremely rare, one of only three hemidrachms of this series noted by Sheedy, and the only one in private hands; no additional examples in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Waddell FPL 75 (1999), no. 74; Münzen und Medaillen AG 88 (17 May 1999), lot 206; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 113 (May 1952), no. 14.

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Ex Morcom and Weber Collections – HGC Plate Coin

542. CYCLADES, Tenos. Circa 200-188 BC. Æ (18mm, 4.21 g, 12h). Head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing laurel wreath / Poseidon standing left, holding dolphin in extended right hand, left hand on grounded trident to right; rose to lower left; t˙@5W@ to right. É&A-G 207, Type I, Group a, 9 = Weber 4737 (this coin); HGC 6, 739 (this coin illustrated); Joy 569; SNG Copenhagen 783; BMC 31-2. Green patina. Good VF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Christopher Morcom Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 76, 12 September 2007), lot 663; Sir Hermann Weber Collection, 4737; Gen. W. Yorke Moore Collection.

First Gold Issue of Pantikapaion Ex Guermantes, Jameson, and Grand Duke Mikailovitch Collections

543. CIMMERIAN BOSPOROS, Pantikapaion. Circa 380-370 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 9.08 g, 1h). Head of Pan left / Griffin standing left, head facing, holding spear in its mouth, left forepaw raised, on grain ear left; ∏-Å-@ around. Anokhin 1001; MacDonald 31; HGC 7, 17; SNG BM Black Sea 855; Gulbenkian 580–1; Jameson 2144 (this coin); Prinkipo 166; Numismatica Genevensis SA 11, lot 2 (same dies; hammer CHF 270,000). A few minor scrapes. EF. Fine style. A remarkable and elegant head of Pan. ($100,000) Ex Black Sea Collection (Nomos 13, 7 October 2016), lot 149; Guermantes Collection (Leu 86, 5 May 2003), lot 307; Robert Jameson Collection (sold privately Dr. J. Hirsch); Grand Duke Alexander Mikailovitch Collection (sold privately by Spink). Pantikapaion was founded by Greek colonists from Miletos in the late seventh century BC. Situated on the west side of the Cimmerian Bosporos, in what is now called the Crimea, it achieved great prosperity through its exploitation of the abundant fisheries of the straits and the export of wheat from the Crimea. This wealth is attested by its splendid gold coinage, which commenced in the mid-4th century BC, and by the magnificently furnished rock tombs of its principal citizens in the same period. Later, it was to become a regional capital of the kingdom of Mithradates VI of Pontos (120-63 BC) and later still the seat of the kings of Bosporos (first century BC – fourth century AD). The coinage of Pantikapaion commenced with silver issues in the latter part of the fifth century BC, but it is for its beautiful gold staters that the mint is chiefly noted. They depict the head of the god Pan (a pun on the name of the city) and on the reverse, the griffin that Herodotos describes as being the guardian of the remote sources of gold.

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544. PONTOS, Amisos (as Peiraieos). Circa 435-370 BC. AR Drachm (19.5mm, 5.65 g, 3h). Persic standard. Kte–, magistrate. Head of Hera left, wearing ornate stephanos, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace, drapery at base of neck / Owl standing facing on shield, with wings spread; hippocamp to outer left, sword in sheath to outer right, ˚t-˙ across inner field, [π] E5r[Å] in exergue. Malloy 1by; RG 1; HGC 7, 229; SNG Ashmolean –; SNG BN 1096; SNG BM Black Sea –; Ward 584. Lightly toned, granular surfaces, small scuff on obverse, scratch on reverse. Near EF. Struck on a broad flan. ($1000)

545. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.15 g, 1h). Pergamon mint. Undated issue, struck circa 97/6 BC. Diademed head right / Pegasos grazing left; ∫Å%5¬EW% above, Â5QrÅdÅtoU>EU∏Åtoro% in two lines below; star-in-crescent to left, “ to right; all within Dionysiac wreath of ivy and fruit. Callataÿ p. 9, dies D14/R– (unlisted rev. die); HGC 7, 338 corr. (some are undated); SNG BN 786 = de Luynes 2395 (same obv. die); Gulbenkian 936 = Jameson 2155; Hunterian 2 (same obv. die). Deeply toned, with some blue iridescence, patches of find patina, some roughness, small chip at edge on obverse. Near EF. ($3000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Tom Cederlind, December 2007. Ex Cederlind 138 (23 March 2006), lot 70.

546. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (20mm, 8.40 g, 11h). Pergamon mint. Dated month 1, year 214 BE (October 84 BC). Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Â5QrÅdÅtoU EU∏Åtoro%, stag grazing left; star-in-crescent to left; to right, d5s (year) above G; Å (month) in exergue; all within Dionysiac wreath of ivy and fruit. Callataÿ obv. die O12, but unlisted date; CNG 114, lot 188 (same rev. die); CNG E-324, lot 84 corr. (date; same obv. die); otherwise unpublished. In NGC encapsulation 3819000-001, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5, Fine Style. Extremely rare, one of three known for this date. ($10,000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 219 (10 March 2014), lot 193 (hammer €17,000).

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547. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (19.5mm, 8.26 g, 1h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Istros mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left; d5 to inner left, 5% on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. Callataÿ p. 139, dies D1/R1; AMNG I 482; HGC 3, 1799; SNG Copenhagen (Thrace) 1094 (same dies); McClean 4481 (Thrace; same dies). Double struck on reverse. In NGC encapsulation 4372682-020, graded Ch MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

548. PAPHLAGONIA, Amastris. Circa 285-250 BC. AR Stater (20mm, 9.64 g, 12h). Head of Mên right, wearing Phrygian cap decorated with laurel branch and star / Aphrodite seated left, holding in extended right hand Nike, who crowns her with wreath held in both hands, and cradling lotus-tipped scepter in left arm; rose to left, [ÅÂ]Åstr5EW@ to right. Callataÿ, Premier 37 (D16/R15); RG 5; HGC 7, 356; SNG BM Black Sea 1304 (same dies); Boston MFA 1361 (same dies); Sunrise 148 (this coin). Attractively toned. Good VF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 13; Halliwell Collection (Baldwin’s 68, 28 September 2010), lot 3414. There is speculation that the obverse of this coin actually depicts Amastris, a niece of Darios III of Persia, who became a pawn in the complex dynastic quarrels that followed the death of Alexander. She had been given as wife to Alexander’s general Krateros, but was dismissed when Krateros arranged a marriage for himself with the daughter of Antipater. Amastris then married Dionysos, tyrant of Herakleia, by whom she had three children before his death in 306 BC. In 302 BC, she married Lysimachos of Thrace, who soon acquired a more profitable alliance by wedding Arsinoë, the daughter of Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt. Amastris then retired to the territory of Herakleia, where she founded a new city named after herself. She was not destined to find peace, however; in 288 BC her two covetous sons had her drowned and seized her city for themselves.

549. BITHYNIA, Kalchedon. Circa 230s-mid 220s BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.31 g, 11h). In the name and types of Lysimachos. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; f to inner left; in exergue, bull butting left. Marinescu Issue 38, 84 (O35/R38); Türkoğlu L01; Seyrig, Monnaies, p;. 25, 25 (same dies); Müller 358; HGC 7, 506; SNG Stockholm 835 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 2077396-001, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. ($3000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Noble 99 (17 April 2012), lot 3587; Noble 78A (5 April 2005), lot 4901.

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550. KINGS of BITHYNIA. Prousias II Kynegos. 182-149 BC. AR Tetradrachm (37.5mm, 16.77 g, 12h). Nikomedeia mint. Bearded head right, wearing winged diadem / ∫Å%5¬EW% ∏roU%5oU, Zeus Stephanephoros standing left; to inner left, eagle standing left on thunderbolt above #. Kaye 132 (O51/R85 [illustrating a flawed cast]) = E. Boehringer, “Hellenistischer Münzschatz aus Trapezunt 1970” in SNR 54 (1975), 14 (this coin); RG 10; HGC 7, 623: SNG von Aulock 251; Hermitage Sale II 1115. Toned, some underlying luster, minor double strike on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the Weise Collection. Ex CNG inventory 720720 (May 2000); Giessener Münzhandlung 102 (24 May 2000), lot 231; G. Hirsch 71 (8 March 1971), lot 174; Ordu Hoard (CH 9, 530 = CH 8, 442 = CH 3, 58 = CH 2, 89 = CH 1, 80).

Electrum of Kyzikos The celebrated electrum coinage of Kyzikos began in the first half of the sixth century, and from the beginning the coinage was notable for the variety and inventiveness of its designs. These staters and fractions were regarded as gold coins and circulated throughout a large area along with the gold darics of the Persian Empire. On all of the coins of Kyzikos, large or small, was engraved the tunny-fish (θυννος), which constituted an important product in the Kyzikene economy. The long awaited corpus initiated by the late Friedrich Bodenstedt is now being continued by Maria Kaiser-Raiss. In the meantime, we must rely on the synthesis of material put together by Hans von Fritze in 1914, augmented (and corrected) by the articles by Sylvia Hurter and Hans-Joachim Liewald. Hurter studied the electrum coinage of Kyzikos for some time before her untimely death in 2008. It was her conviction that the arrangement of the coins by Agnes Baldwin Brett in the catalog of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts was the most accurate to date (reflected in the “Editor’s note” at the beginning of the article on the Kyzikene coins in Moscow and St. Petersburg in SNR 2007). Thus, the coinage of Kyzikos below is arranged accordingly. More controversially, Yuri Pokras (“A New Iconography for the Electrum Coins of Kyzikos,” The Celator November 2000, pp.18-26) has tried to argue that Athens invested Kyzikos with the status of subsidiary mint, and that the presence of specific types parallels each city-state’s inclusion into an alliance with Athens. The orator Aristotelis, in the second century BC, stated the following in his speech regarding the people of Kyzikos: “It is enough for one just to glance at the location and the nature of this city to immediately understand that the name ‘blissful’ given to it by God was factual, so convenient is its land and its sea. As it is built in front of Asia Minor and since its dominion extends from the Black Sea to the Hellespont, Kyzikos joins the two seas together or rather all the seas that man navigates. Thus, ships continuously pass by or arrive at the harbor or depart from the harbor. Justly it should be called ‘blissful’ just as is Corinth because, as it is built in the mid part of the seas, it joins, as if it was the center of the world, all men who sail the Mediterranean from Gibraltar to Kolchis at the far side of the Black Sea.”

551. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.05 g). Head of tunny left; tunny right above and below / Quadripartite incuse square. Hurter & Liewald III 4.1 var. (floral ornament to right); Von Fritze I 1 var. (same); Greenwell 163 var. (same); otherwise, unpublished. Edge splits. VF. Well centered. Extremely rare example of the first stater issue at Kyzikos. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 279.

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Extremely Rare Early Stater

552. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Stater (20.5mm, 15.96 g). Tunny left above tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Künker 280, lot 201; otherwise unpublished, but cf. Hurter & Liewald III 36 (= Von Fritze I 15) for similar fractions with subsidiary symbols. Double struck on reverse. VF. Extremely rare. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 188.

Unpublished

553. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.09 g). Eagle left, wings closed and head down, holding tunny left in its talons / Quadripartite incuse square. Unpublished. VF. Possibly unique. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Siren Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 111, 29 May 2019), lot 189. Not to be confused with the Von Fritze I 94, a later issue with similar types. This stater may be associated with the early hekte of type Von Fritze I 21, with an eagle standing right on the back of a tunny.

555 554 554. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 15.94 g). Winged male running left, raising right hand, holding tunny by the tail in left; c/m: facing head of panther / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 26; Greenwell 61; Boston MFA 1401; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; CNG E-394, lot 247. Slightly off center. Near VF. Extremely rare, only two others in CoinArchives. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 398 (31 May 2017), lot 144.

555. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.00 g). Ketos left; above, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 52; Greenwell –; Boston MFA 1407 = Warren 1588; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Lightly toned. VF. Extremely rare, only five in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma IX (22 March 2015), lot 310.

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556. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.10 g). Crab; above, head of tunny left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 36 (same obv. die as illustration); Greenwell 158 (same obv. die as illustration); cf. Boston MFA 1408 (hemihekte); cf. SNG BN 175 (hemihekte); BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Edge split. VF. Well centered. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives. ($5000) From the Siren Collection.

One of Two Known

557. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19.5mm, 16.17 g). Dolphin left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 53 (unlisted denomination); cf. Greenwell 157 (same); cf. Boston MFA 1409 (hemihekte); Hurter & Liewald –; Künker 280, lot 202; otherwise unpublished as a stater. Lightly toned, minor double strike, edge split. Good VF. Extremely rare, one of two known staters for this issue. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XVII (28 March 2019), lot 460.

558. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (11mm, 2.68 g). Head of lion left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 39; Greenwell 115; Boston MFA 1415 = Warren 1539; SNG BN 179–80; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well centered. ($1000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 324 (9 April 2014), lot 86.

559. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20.5mm, 15.95 g). Forepart of lion left, devouring prey; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 41; Greenwell 109; Boston MFA 1416 = Warren 1534; cf. SNG BN 181 (hekte); BMC 46; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2163. A couple edge splits. VF. Rare. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XII (29 September 2016), lot 290.

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Extremely Rare Boar Type

560. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (16mm, 16.11 g). Head of boar left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Hurter & Liewald I 45a; CNG 114, lot 203; Roma XVII, lot 453; otherwise unpublished. Lightly toned. Good VF. Extremely rare, one of four known, the other in a public collection (State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow [cited by H&L]). ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 195.

561 562 561. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.00 g). Ram seated left, head reverted; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 47; Greenwell 131; Boston MFA 1419 = Warren 1555; SNG BN –; BMC 48; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2167. Toned. VF. Well centered. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

562. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.13 g). Forepart of ram left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 46; Greenwell 132; Boston MFA 1420 = Warren 1556; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2165; Kraay & Hirmer 703. Lightly toned, banker’s mark in field on obverse. VF. Well centered. Extremely rare, only six in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

563

564

563. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.08 g). Head of Acheloös left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Hurter & Liewald I 11a = Gulbenkian 607; otherwise, unpublished. Lightly toned, double struck. VF. Extremely rare, only three in CoinArchives (Roma XX, lot 209; Roma XVII, lot 469; and Berk BBS 191, lot 1). ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

Third Known 564. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.03 g). Head of calf left; to right, tunny downward / Quadripartite incuse square. Hurter & Liewald II p. 36, 5 = Hess-Divo 299, lot 61; Gorny & Mosch 253, lot 189; otherwise, unpublished. Minor edge split. Near VF. Apparently the third known, only the Hess-Divo and Gorny coins recorded. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

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565. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.08 g). Head of goat with long beard left; to right, tunny upwards / Quadrapartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 48; Greenwell 134; Boston MFA 1421 = Warren 1560; SNG BN 186; BMC 88; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1410. Some iridescent and golden toning. VF. Well centered. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

Apparently Unique

566. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17.5mm, 16.16 g). Forepart of ibex left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 49 (unlisted denomination); Greenwell –; Boston MFA –; cf. SNG BN 187 (hemihekte); cf. SNG von Aulock 1174 (hekte); Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. VF. Well centered. Apparently unique as a stater. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 192.

Rare Double-Bodied Sphinx Stater

567. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.07 g). Double-bodied sphinx, with one head facing, wearing ouraios, atop a tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 128 (unlisted denomination); cf. Greenwell 101 (same); Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Triton XX, lot 224; CNG 105, lot 149. Attractive light toning. Near EF. Well struck for issue. Rare as a stater. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma X (27 September 2015), lot 493 (hammer £18,000). The stylistically appealing depiction of a double-bodied sphinx is a design choice that is shrouded in mystery as we try to divine why it was depicted on Kyzikene coinage. Greenwell makes use of Cousinery when coming to the conclusion that the style was because it would be otherwise difficult to depict a facing sphinx. Yet, other depictions of double-bodied creatures in Athens and Corinth demonstrate that the design was likely done for other reasons. The concept of double-bodied monsters is fairly ancient with roots in Sumeria and Persia, but the beginning of the design of the double-bodied sphinx in Greek mythology is likely Corinth. Tom Rasmussen, a proponent of this theory, is of the opinion that the design originated in Corinth as a result of Greek orientalizing, and so adopting some eastern artistic depictions. Kyzikos, well known for adapting brilliant artistic styles, likely adopted the design primarily based on its artistic merit.

568. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.06 g). Heads of lion and ram, conjoined, back-toback; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 54; Greenwell 118; Boston MFA 1422 = Warren 1543; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Lightly toned. VF. Very rare. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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570 569 569. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 15.82 g). Facing head of Silenos, protruding tongue; at sides, two tunnies upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 77 (unlisted denomination); cf. Greenwell 45 (same); M.J. Price, “1. A Field in Western Thrace” in CH II, 2; otherwise unpublished in the standard references as a stater. A couple of minor edge splits. VF. Very rare. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

Apparently Unique 570. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17.5mm, 16.03 g). Triton left, holding tunny by its tail; below, head of tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Hurter & Liewald I 26a (similar issue with full tunny below); cf. Myrmekion 40 (same); cf. Triton VIII, lot 371 (same); otherwise, unpublished. Lightly toned, banker’s mark on obverse. Near VF. Apparently unique with head of tunny below. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

571. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (16mm, 16.06 g). Forepart of winged cock left; below, tunny downward to left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 51; Greenwell 155; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC 49; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Triton XX, lot 200; CNG 115, lot 182; CNG 114, lot 205; CNG E-463, lot 57. VF. Very rare, one of only seven in CoinArchives. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 152.

572. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.09 g). Janiform head of satyr left and nymph, wearing stephanos, right; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 76 (hekte, faces reversed); cf. Greenwell 47 (same); cf. Boston MFA 1426 = Warren 1466 (same); otherwise, unpublished. Lightly toned, minor die rust. VF. Well centered. Extremely rare, apparently one of two known staters for this issue (the other: CNG 114, lot 209). ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 202 (hammer £12,000). This coin is the finest of only two known to exist, having previously been unpublished as a stater, with this coin being the first of its type to be discovered. The coin depicts the janiform style of a satyr and nymph head. A popular motif in Greek mythology, the violent contacts between nymphs and satyrs help to represent the extremes of lust and chastity, desire and beauty, and other themes.

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574 573 573. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.17 g). Forepart of sphinx left; to right, tunny diagonally downward left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 71; Greenwell 102; Boston MFA 1427 = Warren 1525; SNG BN 198; BMC 35; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Lightly toned, compact flan, slightly off center. Good VF. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

574. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 15.43 g). Head of male left, wearing laurel wreath; to right, tunny diagonally downward left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 62; Greenwell 79; Boston MFA 1430 = Warren 1497; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –. Lightly toned, a few edge splits. Near VF. Very rare, only two in CoinArchives (Roma XV, lot 213 and CNG 84, lot 609). ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

575. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 15.99 g). Head of young warrior left, wearing crested Attic helmet; to right, tunny diagonally upward right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 63; Greenwell 27; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC –; FSM 1432 = Hermitage Sale II 1147 Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Toned, minor double strike. VF. Very rare, only four in CoinArchives. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. The identification of the portrait on this issue is traditionally given to Athena (though Greenwell was hesitant), but S. Hurter’s analysis of the type concluded that it is more likely the depiction of a young warrior (see S. Hurter, “Eine Notiz zu Kyzikos: Krieger oder Athena?” in SM 227 [September 2007]).

576. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.09 g). Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet; to right, tunny diagonally downward left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 64; Greenwell 26; Boston MFA 1432 = Warren 1445; SNG BN –; BMC 18; Gillet 1058; Gulbenkian 608; Jameson 2168. Countermarks on obverse: facing panther head in conforming incuse, helmet left within conforming incuse, and wheel of six spokes within circular incuse. Good VF. Well struck for issue. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma IX (22 March 2015), 312 (hammer £13,000).

577. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.08 g). Winged dog crouching left, head reverted, on tunny fish left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 104; Greenwell 140; Boston MFA 1433 = Warren 1568; SNG BN 245; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Weber 5019. Lightly toned, two minor edge splits, a couple of light marks in field. VF. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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578 579 578. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.03 g). Forepart of winged stag left; to right, tunny diagonally downward left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 102; cf. Greenwell 128 corr. (obv. type; unlisted denomination); Boston MFA 1434 = Warren 1549; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2181. Good VF. Well centered. ($3000) From the Siren Collection. A comment in a recent catalog asserted that the traditional identification of the obverse type as a winged stag was incorrect, that it is actually a winged doe, as there are no antlers depicted. However, a close examination of published examples do show a small spike emanating from the creature’s head, well forward of the facing ear. This spike is consistently depicted as a small, thin, and straight protrusion that cannot be mistaken for the far side ear, which would be more contoured to mirror the facing ear, and set further back. The posture of the creature also suggests that it is to be viewed in perfect profile, with only the facing side ear and wing visible. Clearly, the spike is a new growth antler, thus the creature is correctly identified as a stag. What remains unknown is whether this type is meant to depict a youthful red deer stag growing his first antlers, or an adult depicted early in its yearly growth of new antlers? Interestingly, in his corpus on the electrum of Kyzikos, Prof. Greenwell incorrectly described the obverse type of this issue, which was only known to him as hektai and hemihektai, as a winged horse. However, upon his subsequent acquisition and publishing of the stater of this issue, he corrected his earlier mistake, noting the “short horn” in front of the ear (see Greenwell, Some, p. 254, 3).

579. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.06 g). Griffin seated left, raising right forepaw, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 101; Greenwell 144; Boston MFA 1437 = Warren 1573; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Rosen 479. Lightly toned, minor edge splits, banker’s mark on obverse. Near VF. Very rare issue, not to be confused with the more common variety with a griffin standing (von Fritze 99). ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

580. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 15.98 g). Forepart of winged lion left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 96; Greenwell 117; Boston MFA –; SNG BN 237; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –. Lightly toned, edge splits, minor flan flaw in field on obverse. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($5000) From the Siren Collection.

581. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.05 g). Forepart of winged bull left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 60; Greenwell 125; Boston MFA 1439 = Warren 1546; cf. SNG BN 191 (hemihekte); BMC 51; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1409. Lightly toned, minor double strike. VF. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 208.

79


582 583 582. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 15.95 g). Forepart of winged lion left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Unpublished, but similar to von Fritze 96, an issue with the tunny behind the truncation of the lion forepart (see previous lot). VF. Unique. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 210.

583. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.07 g). Forepart of winged boar left; to lower left, tunny diagonally downward left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 61; Greenwell 125; Boston MFA 1440 = Warren 1563; SNG BN 192; BMC 51; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Some deep blue and red iridescence, flan crack. Good VF. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

584. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.07 g). Harpy standing left, holding in right hand a tunny by its tail, on dotted ground line / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 74; Greenwell 97; Boston MFA 1441 = Warren 1518; cf. SNG BN 203–4 (hektes); BMC –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; cf. Jameson 1402 (hemihekte); Weber –. Edge splits. Good VF. Well centered and struck. Very rare as a stater, only six in CoinArchives (some offered multiple times). ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

585. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.66 g). Harpy standing left, holding in right hand a tunny by its tail, on dotted ground line / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 74; Greenwell 97; cf. Boston MFA 1441 = Warren 1518 (stater); cf. SNG BN 203–4; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Toned. Good VF. ($1000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton XX (9 January 2017), lot 212.

Very Rare Von Fritze 83

586. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.17 g). Lion at bay left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 83; Greenwell 107; Boston MFA 1442 = Warren 1530; SNG BN –; BMC 45; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Good VF. Well centered and struck. Very rare as a stater, only five in CoinArchives, including the present coin. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XII (29 September 2016), lot 294 (hammer £16,000).

80


587 588 587. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.10 g). Lion at bay left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 42; Greenwell 104; Boston MFA –; SNG BN 182; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Toned, minor edge split, small banker’s mark on obverse. VF. Well centered. Very rare, only four in CoinArchives. Not to be confused with the more common von Fritze 84 (see note below). ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Von Fritze 42, like some of the electrum issues of Kyzikos, is very similar to another issue, von Fritze 84, and can only be distinguished by subtle elements of the style. Here, the lion is poised with both front paws on the tunny, its jaws wide open, and the tail curved down between its hind legs. In contrast, on type 84, the lion has one forepaw raised, its mouth is only slightly opened, and its tail hangs down behind the tail of the tunny. While type 84 is relatively common, coins of type 42 are very rare.

588. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20.5mm, 15.92 g). Forepart of horse left; to right, tunny diagonally downward left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Hurter & Liewald I 40 (hekte), otherwise unpublished. A couple of edge splits. Near VF. Extremely rare, one of six known (all in CoinArchives; the others: Triton XVII, lot 256 = Morton & Eden 49, lot 241; CNG 111, lot 199; CNG E-468, lot 75; CNG E-459, lot 204 = CNG 106, lot 299 = Roma E-24, lot 154; Heritage 3071, lot 33148). ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 207 (15 October 2012), lot 267.

589. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.15 g). Facing gorgoneion, mouth opened and tongue protruding between her teeth, six coiled serpents rising from her head, another two emanating from below her ears; below, tunny left / Quadrapartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 129; cf. Greenwell 75 (unlisted denomination); Boston MFA 1445 = Warren 1492; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2191 = Weber 4972. Lightly toned, small deposit and light mark in field on obverse. Good VF. Rare. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. This elegant style depicts the head of a gorgon, a common image in Greek art and mythology, that was thought to be a useful symbol for warding off bad luck. This seems to be extremely similar to the style of the silver issues of Apollonia Pontica, a nearby city on the Black Sea coast of Thrace with close economic ties to Kyzikos.

590. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.06 g). Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet with cheek guards, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 67; Greenwell 25; Boston MFA 1446 = Warren 1443; SNG BN –; BMC 19; Gillet 1053 = Kunstfreund 5 = Jameson 2171 = Weber 4971; Gulbenkian 609; Kraay & Hirmer 701. A few minor scratches. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIII (23 March 2017), lot 277.

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591. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.11 g). Crested Corinthian helmet left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 81; Greenwell 171; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; Rosen –; Weber –. A couple edge splits. Good VF. Well centered. Very rare, one of only seven in CoinArchives. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 204 (hammer £8500).

592. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte (11mm, 2.67 g). Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet with cheek guards, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 67; Greenwell 25; Boston MFA 1447 = Warren 1444; SNG BN –; BMC 20; Gulbenkian 610; Jameson –. Minor edge split, faint scratch in field on obverse. EF. Well centered and struck. ($1000)

593. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.08 g). Bearded head of male left, in archaic style, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 66; Greenwell 78; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; Rosen 446. Toned, light deposits in incuse. Near VF. Well centered. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

594. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.69 g). Bearded head of male left, in archaic style, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 66; Greenwell 78; Boston MFA –; SNG BN 194; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2170. Minor edge splits, small metal flaw on obverse. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($1000)

595. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.11 g). Half length bust of winged female figure (Harpy?) left, touching her chin with her left hand, and holding tunny in her right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 75; Greenwell 98; Boston MFA 1448 = Warren 1519; SNG BN 205; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion 2. Toned. Good VF. ($4000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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Fine Style Head of Perseus

596. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (21.5mm, 16.09 g). Head of Perseus left, wearing winged helmet; to right, tunny downward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 65; Greenwell 73; Boston MFA 1449 = Warren 1490; SNG BN 193; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Kraay & Hirmer 698; Weber 4973. Good VF. Wonderful late archaic head of Perseus, perfectly centered on a broad flan. Very rare, one of only five in CoinArchives. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XV (5 April 2018), lot 215 (hammer £15,000). This gorgeous and rare type depicts the legendary hero Perseus, who was the son of Zeus and mortal Danaë, daughter of the king of Argos. Perseus is depicted with the Helm of Hades, given to him by Athena to escape Sthenno and Euryale, the sisters of the slain Medusa. It is possible that the Kyzikenes chose to depict Perseus in an attempt to win favor with their new overlords, the Achaemenids. Plato, in his Alcibiades 120e, states that the Achaemenids claimed descent from Achaemenes who claimed to be a relative of the famous hero just as many Greeks linked themselves to Herakles. Such a move then would have helped ingratiate themselves with their new rulers and allow them to continue their trading enterprises without interruption. Thus, this stunning piece illustrates not just one of the most famous heroes of Greek mythology, but also the Kyzikene use of coinage as a means of targeted propaganda.

597. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.13 g). Sphinx crouching left, raising left forepaw, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 72; Greenwell 100; Boston MFA 1450 = Warren 1522; SNG BN 200; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1399; Myrmekion 36. Attractive light toning around the devices, edge split, a couple of tiny marks in field. Good VF. Perfectly centered. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

598. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17.5mm, 16.20 g). Griffin, with pointed wing, seated left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 58; Greenwell 146; Boston MFA 1453 = Warren 1574; SNG BN –; BMC 97; FSD SHM 1190 = Hermitage (Exhibition) 107; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Toned, slightly off center, some hairlines. Good VF. Boldly struck. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Goldberg 90 (2 February 2016), lot 3128 (hammer $8250).

599. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte (9.5mm, 2.66 g). Griffin, with pointed wing, seated left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 58; Greenwell 146; cf. Boston MFA 1453 = Warren 1574 (stater); SNG BN –; BMC –; FSD –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Toned, light deposits. Good VF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 81 (20 May 2009), lot 492; Leu 91 (10 May 2004), lot 149; Sotheby’s Geneva (12 November 1990), lot 25.

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Extremely Rare Eagle Type

600. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.06 g). Eagle standing left, wings spread and head down, holding tunny left in its talons / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 94; Greenwell 151; Boston MFA 1454 = Warren 1576; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Attractive light tone, small area of flat strike on obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, one of three in CoinArchives, and only the Boston piece noted in the standard references. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Siren Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 111, 29 May 2019), lot 209 (hammer $9000).

601

602 601. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.05 g). Winged male mythological creature runningkneeling left, head right, holding tunny by its tail in left hand / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 123; Greenwell 57; Boston MFA 1457 = Warren 1471; SNG BN 271; BMC –; Gulbenkian 617; Jameson 2560; SNG von Aulock 1198 = Kraay & Hirmer 704 = L. Mildenberg, “Über das Münzwesen im Reich der Achämeniden” in AMI 26 (1993), pl. VII, 62. Struck from worn die, shallow cut on obverse. Good VF. Well centered. Very rare. ($20,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Lanz 158 (5 June 2014), lot 219 (hammer €34,000). While the identification of this creature, certainly of local significance, is unknown today, it has traditionally been referred to as “Phobos” or “Daimon.” In his catalog of the Gulbenkian collection, Jenkins sees an Egyptian or near-Eastern influence, while Bivar, in his article on Mithra (“Mithra and Mesopotamia,” Mithraic Studies [Manchester, 1975], pp. 275-89), suggests that the creature corresponds to the Mithraic Areimanios (Ahriman). One also may see an assimilation of the ubiquitous Persian lion-headed griffin, adapting the head, wings, and tail to a human body. Although some references note the head as being that of a wolf, other examples clearly show a mane that is directly influenced by the lion heads on the common early Lydian electrum, supporting Bivar’s (and others’) contention that it is a lion head. At the same time, the ear is not fully visible on most examples, but on some, such as the present piece, it clearly is that of a griffin (compare to its depiction on the coins of Teos and Abdera). The wings and posture of the creature are mythological archetypes, commonly found on displays of various deities and creatures on pottery and coins. An excellent example of an archaic representation of a local deity of Asia Minor.

One of Five Known 602. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.13 g). Winged creature, with the head and torso of a horned dolphin, the abdomen, arms, and legs of a nude human, swimming/flying left, holding in its right hand the tail of a tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 79 (unlisted denomination); Greenwell –; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Kraay & Hirmer 699 = Prinkipo 57; Roma XI, lot 407. A couple of minor edge splits. VF. Well centered and struck. Extremely rare, one of five known. ($25,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 226 (hammer $37,500). The figure appears to be swimming: the legs are kicking, the right hand is raised behind the head and about to be plunged back into the water, and the tunny is trailing the the right due to the rapid movement.

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603. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.18 g). Satyr kneeling left, holding in his extended right hand a tunny by the tail / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 122; Greenwell 41; Boston MFA 1461 = Warren 1461; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1398. Lightly toned, slight die shift. VF. Well centered. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma VIII (28 September 2014), lot 627.

604. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 15.99 g). Goat standing left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Hurter & Liewald I 47 = Giessener Münzhandlung 40, lot 222 (hekte); otherwise unpublished. Good VF. Unique and unpublished as a stater (not to be confused with von Fritze I 92, with a goat kneeling left). ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 228.

605. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19.5mm, 16.09 g). Sow standing left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 45; Greenwell 135; cf. Boston MFA 1465 (hekte); SNG BN 184; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2164. Attractive cabinet tone. Good VF. Well centered. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

606. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (23mm, 15.90 g). Bull standing left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 88; Greenwell 121; Boston MFA 1466 = Warren 1544; SNG BN 222–3; BMC 85; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1415. Lightly toned, irregular flan. Good VF. Well centered. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XVI (8 January 2013), lot 424; Gemini III (9 January 2007), lot 168.

607. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.04 g). Ram standing left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 91; Greenwell 130; Boston MFA 1467 = Warren 1553; SNG BN 227; BMC 47; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2179. Toned, scratches in field on obverse. Good VF. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Ernst Ploil Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 92, Part I, 23 May 2016), lot 187.

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608. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20.5mm, 16.02 g). Wolf at bay left, raising right forepaw, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 93; Greenwell 138; Boston MFA 1469 = Warren 1564; SNG BN 230; BMC –; Gulbenkian 624; Jameson –. Toned, small edge split, a few minor scratches. Good VF. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

609. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.75 g). Wolf at bay left, raising right forepaw, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 93; Greenwell 138; Boston MFA 1470 = Warren 1565; SNG BN 231–2; BMC 91–2; Gulbenkian 625; Jameson 1406. A little die wear. Good VF. Well centered. ($500)

610. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (24.5mm, 15.92 g). Lion standing left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 84; Greenwell 103; Boston MFA 1475 = Warren 1527; SNG BN –; BMC –; FSB 1475 = Hermitage (Exhibition) 110; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well centered. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 175 (hammer $9000).

One of Six

611. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (21.5mm, 16.07 g). Tunny left between two dolphins swimming left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 95 (unlisted denomination); Greenwell –; Myrmekion 97; NAC 120, lot 384; NAC 106, lot 254; New York Sale IV, lot 180; Solidus Numismatik 37, lot 39. Toned, a few edge splits. VF. Well centered. Extremely rare, one of six known staters for this issue. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 208.

612. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (14.5mm, 15.85 g). Head of ephebos left on diskos; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 105; Greenwell 77; cf. Boston MFA 1476 = Warren 1496 (hekte); SNG BN 248; BMC 21; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2566. Toned, small banker’s mark on obverse. Good Fine. Extremely rare as a stater, one of only three in CoinArchives. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 215.

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613. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 15.97 g). Europa riding bull left, holding its horns with her right hand, left hand resting on its hindquarters; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 108; Greenwell –; Boston MFA 1477 = Warren 1426; SNG BN 250; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Toned, small metal flaws. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan; one of few examples showing the full design. Very rare, one of only four in CoinArchives. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 216 (hammer £16,000). This type depicts Europa atop of a bull. Europa is generally thought to be the daughter of Agenor, King of Tyre, and sister of Cadmus and Cilix. Her arrival in Crete was met by Zeus in the shape of a bull and, after having slept with her, he gave her gifts and made her queen of Crete. The origin of this myth is possibly linked back to the earlier union of the Phoenician gods Astar and Astarte. The artistic depiction of the event was extremely popular in the ancient world and has been found on pieces dating back to the 7th century BC.

614. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 15.97 g). Archer, nude but for crested helmet, kneeling left, [bow hanging from arm], testing arrow; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 116; Greenwell 94; Boston MFA 1484 = Warren 1512; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1408. Minor double strike, a couple light scuffs on obverse. Good VF. Well centered. Rare. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 236 (7 March 2016), lot 222; Giessener Münzhandlung 58 (9 April 1992), lot 364; Sternberg XXV (25 November 1991), lot 121. A fairly rare issue, the archer is depicted nude with a crested helmet, bow hanging from the arm, and is in the process of testing the arrow. Greenwell suggests that the coin depicts Jason or one of the Argonauts due to their mythical association with the city. It’s also possible that the design is simply meant to be a non-specific part of the subseries of warriors preparing for battle that are depicted in other issues.

615. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17.5mm, 15.96 g). Warrior, nude but for helmet, blowing into trumpet(?) held in right hand, left hand holding sheathed sword behind, crouching left on [tunny left] / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 115; Greenwell 96; Boston MFA –; SNG BN 261 = Pozzi 2180 corr. (weight); BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion 27. Lightly toned, minor scrape on obverse. Good VF. Well centered. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Nomos 13 (7 October 2016), lot 205. This beautiful and rare issue depicts a nude warrior, wearing a helmet and gripping a sheathed sword while blowing a trumpet. Greenwell suggests that the figure is likely Jason or one of the argonauts since they tie in so closely to the mythology of the city. Jason and the Argonauts were received well by king Kyzikos and the Doliones, carousing and feasting with them before they departed back upon their journey. But, upon being blown back to Kyzikos from a different direction, they were mistaken for enemies of the city and attacked. The king and many of his men were killed in the dark, but after the battle, Jason and the Argonauts were extremely sorrowful and mourned and honored the dead king for three days.

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616. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.03 g). Nude youth, holding tunny by its tail in extended right hand, riding dolphin left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 110; Greenwell 9; Boston MFA 1486 = Warren 1430; SNG BN –; BMC 76; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2184. Lightly toned, a couple edge splits. Good VF. Well centered. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (23 May 2016), lot 189; G. Hirsch 275 (22 September 2011), lot 3704; Lanz 68 (6 June 1994), lot 154; G. Hirsch 174 (13 May 1992), lot 237. This rare issue from Kyzikos depicts a nude youth riding a dolphin. Greenwell is of the opinion that this youth is Taras, son of Poseidon, and the coin is another example of the Kyzikene habit of copying the well-known designs of other states’ coins. In this case, the stater likely is copying the famous design of the Tarentine didrachm with the addition of the tunny. What the purpose was for emulating Taras’ style is unknown, but it gives us a delightful coin with a Kyzikene flavor to a Tarentine design.

617. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 15.92 g). Nude male kneeling left, holding a tunny by the tail / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 112; Greenwell 86; Boston MFA 1487 = Warren 1502; SNG BN 253; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Edge split. VF. Well centered. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

618. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (16mm, 16.10 g). Nike (or Iris?) advancing left, head right, wings spread, holding in right hand a tunny by the tail, and in left hand, the hem of her chiton / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 121; Greenwell 58; Boston MFA –; SNG BN 267; BMC 25; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2187. Good VF. Well centered and struck. Very rare as a stater, one of only five in CoinArchives. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XII (29 September 2016), lot 297 (hammer 17,000 CHF). An extremely rare type, almost never seen on staters, this figure is commonly described as the goddess of victory, Nike. However, Greenwell states that the figure is most likely not Nike and instead points out similar artistic depictions such as Herakles’ chase of Artemis carrying a hind, or Iris being seized by satyrs, which is depicted on the Byrgos kylix in the British Museum. Regardless of whether the winged figure is Nike, Iris, or Artemis, it is an absolutely vibrant depiction of Greek mythology and shows the skill of Kyzikene engravers.

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619. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 15.92 g). Hoplite, nude but for crested helmet, kneeling right, bow hanging from arm, testing arrow; to left, tunny downward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 117; Greenwell 93; Boston MFA 1490 = Warren 1511; SNG BN 263–4; BMC 79–80; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Lightly toned, minor edge split, tiny flan flaws. Good VF. Rare. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Nomos 13 (7 October 2016), lot 206; Nomos 9 (20 October 2014), lot 143.

620. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.10 g). Forepart of man-headed bull right; to left, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 174; Greenwell 51; Boston MFA 1491 = Warren 1468; SNG BN 320; BMC 82; Gillet 1066; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2202; Myrmekion 88. Lightly toned, a few minor marks. VF. Well centered and struck. Rare. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 207 (15 October 2012), lot 266. This type ostensibly represents a river-god, possibly that of the river Aisepos.

The Hoplitodromos

621. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.01 g). Hoplite, nude but for Corinthian helmet, shield on left arm, right arm extended forward, standing in a semi-crouched stance right on ground line; to right, tunny downward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 119; Greenwell 91; Boston MFA 1497; SNG BN 265 = de Luynes 2452; BMC 78; Gulbenkian 620; Jameson 1404. Toned, minor edge split, tiny flan flaws. VF. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 219. The hoplite is about to begin the foot race in which the runners carried their military equipment (see A. Milavic, “Hoplitodromos: The hoplite race in armor served as a vehicle to train for war” in The Celator 5.8 [August 1991]). Agnes Baldwin Brett, in BMFA, suggests that type here could be a “copy of Kritios’ statue erected on the Akropolis at Athens, representing Epicharinos, Athenian hoplite runner victorious in Olympic games.”

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The Myth of Erichthonios

622. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (16.5mm, 16.04 g). The Earth (Gaia) rising out of the ground, bearing in both hands the infant Erichthonios; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 157; Greenwell 31; Boston MFA 1500 = Warren 1449; cf. SNG BN 304 (hekte); BMC 65; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. A few light marks. VF. Rare. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 237 (hammer $17,500). The myth of Erichthonios places him at the beginning of the line of Athenian kings. Born of Gaia through Hephaestus, the infant was entrusted to Athena, who gave him to the daughters of Kekrops of Athens in a sealed casket. When they opened the casket, the sight of the anguipedic (serpent-footed) Erichthonios drove the women to madness, and they hurled themselves off the Acropolis. Erichthonios was then left to found a new dynasty of the early kings of Athens. Although here the child is shown fully human, this rare Kyzikene stater is undoubtedly a representation of the beginning of this tale.

Commemorating the Battle of Kyzikos?

623. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.06 g). Thetis, holding wreath in extended right hand and wearing shield on left arm, riding dolphin left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 159; Greenwell 48; Boston MFA 1501 = Warren 1467; SNG BN 307; BMC 69; Gulbenkian 634; Jameson –; Weber 4994. Attractive light toning. Good VF. Very rare. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Künker 304 (19 March 2018), lot 435 (hammer €16,000). Includes an old ticket in German noting “Ex Coll Lambros”. This type is traditionally thought to portray a Trojan War-related scene, with Thetis carrying the shield forged by Hephaistos to her son Achilles, for whom her wreath is also intended. However, Greenwell advanced an alternate theory, that it is a naval victory-related scene depicting a nereid, likely in commemoration of the Battle of Kyzikos in 410 BC.

624. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 15.97 g). Lion standing right, biting into harpa (or hindquarters of prey?), on tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 177; Greenwell 108; Boston MFA 1502; SNG BN 322; BMC –; Gulbenkian 621; Jameson 2204. Lightly toned, faint cleaning mark on obverse. VF. Well centered and struck. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Künker 273 (14 March 2016), lot 331. Depicted is a lion biting on something; exactly what seems to be hotly debated. Greenwell states that the object seemed to be a harpa, a type of short sword, possibly linking the coin to Perseus and his mythology. Yet, Greenwell was uncertain of such a conclusion. It seems more likely that the lion is devouring the hindquarters of its prey in a graphic display of the talent of Kyzikene engravers for depicting nature.

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625. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (16.5mm, 16.06 g). Bearded satyr kneeling left, drinking from amphora he holds in his hands, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 173; Greenwell 43; Boston MFA 1507 = Warren 1464; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gillet 1066; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2567; Myrmekion 35; Rosen –; Weber –. Some die rust. VF. Very rare, one of only three in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 195.

626. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.11 g). Head of female left, hair in sphendone, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. von Fritze I 106 (unlisted denomination); otherwise, unpublished. Edge splits. Good VF. Extremely rare as a stater, one of only six recorded, all in CoinArchives (the other five: Heritage 3085, lot 30014; CNG 115, lot 194 = Roma XV, lot 229; CNG 114, lot 236; Roma XIII, lot 276 = Roma IX, lot 329; Roma E-38, lot 220). ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 348 (hammer $13,000).

627. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (15mm, 16.04 g). Boy seated facing, head right, legs splayed to left, holding in his right hand a tunny fish by the tail / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 169; Greenwell 89; Boston MFA 1511 = Warren 1508; SNG BN 316; BMC 77; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2565. Toned, light scuff at edge of obverse, shallow test cut on edge. VF. Rare. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma IX (22 March 2015), lot 306.

628. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.02 g). Bull standing right, head lowered, on tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 178; Greenwell 122; Boston MFA 1513 = Warren 1545; SNG BN 323; BMC 86; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2206. A couple scratches in field on obverse. VF. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 398 (31 May 2017), lot 158.

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629. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (17.5mm, 16.02 g). Poseidon, nude but for cloak hanging over his left shoulder, kneeling right, holding dolphin in extended right hand, left hand holding trident downward, on tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 146; Greenwell 6; cf. Boston MFA 1516 = Warren 1428 (hekte); SNG BN –; BMC 62; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion 99. Toned, a few light marks. Good VF. Very rare, one of only three in CoinArchives. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 199 (hammer $14,000). This depiction of Poseidon is one of the most intriguing types of the Kyzikene series, since his pose is unusual compared to other coinages that typically depict him standing and holding his trident in a more authoritative manner. The latter stye is expected given the nature of the deity as a supreme lord over the seas, whereas here he is depicted in a lifelike pose. The composition of the scene suggests a subsequent action involving the dolphin, since his trident is held in a neutral fashion and his gaze is forward, as if he is preparing to place the dolphin into motion. As such, it seems that this is unlikely a commemoration of an event involving the city’s navy, but rather some scene tied to the city’s mythology.

Among the Rarest in the Series – Ex Kunstfreund/Gillet Collection

630. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (15mm, 15.96 g). Bearded Persian archer, wearing kidaris, chiton, anaxyrides, and surcoat, testing arrow held in right hand, left hand holding bow, seated right on tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 166 (illustrating the Hermitage piece); Greenwell 95 (same); FSD SHM 1223 = Hermitage (Exhibition) 128 = Hermitage Sale II 1166 = Traité II 2639, pl. CLXXIV, 14; Gillet 1065 = Kunstfreund 209 (this coin); Prinkipo 32 (Istanbul). Toned, minor die rust. Good VF. Extremely rare, one of four known, two of which are in museums (St. Petersburg and Istanbul). This is the only example in CoinArchives. ($20,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Morton & Eden 86 (24 May 2017), lot 24; Dix Noonan Webb A11 (27 September 2011), lot 2008; Leu 57 (25 May 1993), lot 98; Charles Gillet [as Kunstfruend] Collection (Leu & Münzen und Medaillen AG, 28 May 1974), lot 209; Ars Classica XVI (3 July 1933), lot 1351. This impressive stater offers a classic depiction of a Persian archer, which is perhaps most commonly known in Greek coinage from the tetradrachms of Tarkumuwa (Datames) struck at Tarsos in the mid-4th century (cf. SNG BN 282). Some numismatists have speculated that the person represented here is Pharnabazos, whose portrait is thought to feature on a roughly contemporary series of tetradrachms at Kyzikos (cf. Kraay & Hirmer 718). The representation of the archer here became the canonical form used on the ubiquitous drachms of Parthia, issued from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD, emphasizing the universal appeal of the type.

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631. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (17.5mm, 16.08 g). Head of Zeus-Ammon right on tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 130; Greenwell 3; Boston MFA 1520 = Warren 1423; SNG BN 281; BMC 55; Gulbenkian 640; Jameson 1419. Lightly toned. VF. Well centered. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex RAJ Collection (Triton XVII, 7 January 2014), lot 262, purchased from F. Shore in 1997; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 1027. This type depicts the deity Zeus Ammon, at first a local Libyan deity that was popularized throughout the Greek world with the help of Pindar the poet, the first Greek to dedicate an ode to the god. Alexander the Great later famously spared Pindar’s house during his sack of Thebes, and made his own visit to the shrine of Zeus Ammon in the Siwa Oasis to follow in the footsteps of Herakles and Perseus, the purported founders of the Achaemenid and Macedonian dynasties. This further popularized the worship of Zeus Ammon and helped make him an established part of the Greek pantheon throughout the Hellenistic world.

632. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.68 g). Head of Attis right, wearing Phrygian headdress; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 142; Greenwell 56; Boston MFA 1523; SNG BN 292–3; BMC –; Gillet –; cf. Gulbenkian 644 (stater); Jameson –; Weber –. Light marks, tiny metal flaw and light scuff on obverse. VF. Well centered. ($750) From the Siren Collection. The portrait on this particular issue is thought to be Attis, the consort of Phrygian Kybele. The androgynous Kybele/Agdistis was castrated by the gods. From the severed parts grew an almond tree from which Attis sprang. Attis appears infrequently in Greek art, but he was raised in status when the Romans adopted the cult of Kybele.

633. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (15mm, 15.89 g). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 140; Greenwell 62; Boston MFA 1526 = Warren 1474; SNG BN 289; BMC 59; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Toned, some faint scratches. Near VF. Well centered. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Künker 257 (10 October 2014), lot 8206.

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Rare & Artistic Dionysos Type

634. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 15.97 g). Head of Dionysos right, wearing diadem decorated with ivy wreath; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 138; Greenwell 36; Boston MFA 1529 = Warren 1455; SNG BN 288; BMC 58; Gulbenkian 639 = Pozzi 2176; Jameson –. A couple of minor edge splits. Near EF. Well centered, struck from dies of exceptional artistic merit. Very rare, the only example in CoinArchives. ($20,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 227 (hammer £30,000). This type is glowingly referred to by Greenwell p. 67, “Head of Dionysus, as noble in expression as it is beautifully executed. The god is here presented as manifesting the strength and repose of nature, not as when she appears in the activity and tumult of production, but when she has provided all that sustains and gladdens the life of man, and rests, though without fatigue, from her labor. It may be contrasted, and much to its advantage, with the head of the god on the coins of the Sicilian Naxus, which, beautiful as it is, does not possess the calm dignity of the Cyzicene picture. It may be compared with the head on the tetradrachms and drachms of Thasus, which for breadth of treatment and majestic quietness with strength, is not surprassed by any head in the whole Greek coin series.”

635. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (16mm, 16.08 g). Orestes, nude but for chlamys tied at neck and hanging behind, holding [sword] in his lowered right hand, left hand resting on omphalos to right, kneeling left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 165; Greenwell 72; Boston MFA 1532 = Warren 1488; SNG BN –; BMC 74; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2199. Toned, compact flan. Good VF. Very rare, one of only seven in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Friend of a Scholar Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 100, 7 October 2015), lot 1415; Lanz 54 (12 November 1990), lot 195.

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636. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (15.5mm, 16.01 g). Two eagles standing facing each other on ornamented omphalos; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 220; Greenwell 22; Boston MFA 1535 = Warren 1440; SNG BN 348; BMC 100; Gulbenkian 1423. Lightly toned. Good VF. Rare. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (23 May 2016), lot 192. This rare type depicts the legend of the omphalos (navel) stone, which marked the sacred precinct of the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi as the physical center of the earth. According to tradition, two eagles, which had been released by Zeus, one flying from the east, and the other from the west, met exactly at the site of Apollo’s sanctuary. This spot was marked for all to see by the stone omphalos, and designated as the center of the earth. The omphalos was a white stone ornamented with stripes of various kinds, and upon it were the representations of the two eagles (as seen on this coin type – the tunny fish below is the city-badge of Kyzikos). This scene was frequently represented in vase-paintings, but is extremely rare on coinage. The omphalos probably stood on the sacred hearth that was in the center of the temple. The origins of Apollo’s temple at Delphi are described in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo. Apollo descended from Mt. Olympos and made his way through northern and central Greece until he finally found the proper site for the foundation of his oracle at Crisa under the snow-capped Mt. Parnassos. He laid out his temple and then slew a she-dragon which inhabited the area. The name of the site was subsequently called Pytho (and Apollo, the Pythian) due to the rotting body of the slain dragon. (The verb πύθειν, in Greek, means ‘to rot’.) Interestingly enough, Zeus punished Apollo for the murder of the dragon by exiling him to Thessaly for nine years. A religious festival called the Stepteria was celebrated every ninth year at Delphi to commemorate these events associated with the foundation myth of the sanctuary. After Apollo established his sanctuary, he went about the business of recruiting attendants for the temple. He noticed a ship passing by, manned by Cretans from Knossos, and on their way to Pylos. Apollo transformed himself into a dolphin (ἡ δελφίς, hence the name of the city) and leaped aboard the Cretan ship. At first the men tried to throw the dolphin back into the sea, but they were “awed” by it into a “fearful submission.” After a lengthy voyage, Apollo led the ship to Crisa, where “he leaped ashore and revealed himself as a god amid a blaze of fiery brightness and splendor.” He ordered the Cretan men to perform sacrifices and to pray to him as Apollo Delphinius. He then led them to his sanctuary and placed the Cretans in charge, predicting great wealth and prestige for his temple. This story linked the early cult of Apollo to Crete and promoted Apollo as the god of sailors and colonization. His oracle at Delphi played a major role as the religious impetus for the Greeks in establishing their colonies, hence its importance to the residents of Kyzikos, itself a colony of Miletos. The importance of this coin type to Kyzikos may also be found in another story that has the city being settled by the Pelasgi from Thessaly, who were driven from Thessaly by the Aeolians. Their king and leader was Kyzikos, a son of Apollo, who gave his name to the city and thus established its link to Apollo and his temple at Delphi.

637. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 15.96 g). Pegasos flying right; [below, tunny right] / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 176; Greenwell 127; Boston MFA 1537 = Warren 1548; SNG BN 321; BMC 94; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2203 = Weber 5006. Minor die rust. VF. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Künker 270 (2 October 2015), lot 8300.

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Extremely Rare Kerberos Stater

638. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 15.87 g). Kerberos standing left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 103; Greenwell 141; Boston MFA 1538 = Warren 1569; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2555. Lightly toned. Near EF. Well centered. Extremely rare as a stater, one of only four in CoinArchives. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XII (29 September 2016), lot 289 (hammer £18,000); David Walsh Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 77, 26 May 2014), lot 55 (hammer 21,000 CHF). This rare style depicts Kerberos, the guardian of the entrance to the Underworld and the monstrous offspring of Echidna, the mother of all monsters, and Typhon, the deadliest monster of Greek mythology. Kerberos is the focus of the last of the Twelve Labors of Herakles and is also central to the story of Orpheus’s journey to the Underworld to retrieve his love Eurydike. While a well known part of Greek mythology, depictions of Kerberos in coinage are rare, found only on coins minted in this period by Epeiros, Cumae, and Kyzikos. Due to this rarity, the type serves as an incredibly beautiful example of an important subject of Greek mythology.

The Third Known - A Design of Artistic Merit

639. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 15.96 g). Demeter, wearing long chiton, himation draped over right arm, holding grain ear in left hand and scepter in right, seated left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 201; Greenwell –; Boston MFA 1544 = Warren 1433 = C. Greenwell, “On some Rare Greek Coins” in NC 1890, p. 21 and pl. III, 2; SNG BN –; SNG von Aulock –; BMC –; Dewing –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; McClean –; Myrmekion –; Pozzi –; Rosen –; Weber –. Toned. EF. Well centered. Extremely rare, the third known; only the Boston MFA piece published in the references, and only one other in CoinArchives (CNG 108, lot 169). ($20,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 233 (hammer £30,000). This is undoubtedly one of the rarest issues of electrum from the mint of Kyzikos. The type was unknown upon the publication of Greenwell’s catalog in the 1880s, though it was among others that he added in a supplemental article, while the piece was in the Warren Collection. The same piece, now in Boston, was then used to illustrate the issue in von Fritze, suggesting that it was still the only piece known. Von Fritze also did not identify any fractional pieces for the issue, nor did Hurter & Liewald in their articles. None were reported in any hoards, including the impressive Myrmekion hoard, nor among the single finds reported in FSD.

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640. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (16mm, 16.02 g). Apollo seated half-left, wearing laurel wreath and chiton draped from waist, holding branch in right hand, on griffin springing right; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 151; Greenwell 20; Boston MFA 1545 = Warren 1438; SNG BN –; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Toned. VF. Very rare, one of only three in CoinArchives. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex LVL Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 383. This, one of the more intricate scenes on the Kyzikene electrum, probably depicts Hyperborean Apollo en-route to the land where griffins controlled gold, a myth mentioned by Herodotos (3.116).

641. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 15.88 g). Nike, holding aphlaston in extended right hand, kneeling left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 154; Greenwell 52; Boston MFA 1546 = Warren 1469; SNG BN 301; BMC 70; Gulbenkian 646 = Jameson 2196. Lightly toned, faint scratches. VF. Rare. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Goldberg 90 (2 February 2016), lot 3134.

Very Rare Cavalryman Type

642. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.04 g). Thessalian cavalryman, wearing kausia, on horse rearing right; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 168; Greenwell –; Boston MFA –; SNG BN 315; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet 1061; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well centered. Very rare, one of only four in CoinArchives. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Lanz 159 (8 December 2014), lot 216 (hammer €16,000); Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 289. This very rare type has been hypothesized to depict the mythological ancient Thessalian founders of Kyzikos. The horseman appears to be wearing the petasos and chlamys, commonly worn by Thessalian cavalrymen during antiquity. There is also conjecture that the issue depicts Phillip II of Macedon. Phillip had been declared the head of the Thessalian League and before his death had begun an invasion of Asia Minor ostensibly to free the Greek cities there from Persian rule. Many Greek cities in Asia Minor revolted, this issue may coincide with that revolt and depict Kyzikene support for Phillip’s campaign.

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643. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (16.5mm, 15.97 g). Bridled horse standing right, being restrained by male standing right, in background, who holds bridle with his right hand; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 213; Greenwell, Some 2; Boston MFA 1556–7; SNG BN –; BMC –; FSD SHM 1229 = Hermitage (Exhibition) 118; Gulbenkian 666 (same dies); Jameson 2211. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well centered. Extremely rare, this is the only example in CoinArchives. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Triton XXII (8 January 2019), lot 235 (hammer $17,000).

644. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 15.88 g). Head of Demeter left, wearing wreath of grain ears over veil; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 131; Greenwell 12; Boston MFA –; SNG BN 282; BMC 101; Gillet 1084; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –. Light scratch on obverse. VF. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Künker 257 (10 October 2014), lot 8205.

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Ex Levante and Bibliothèque Nationale de France

645. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 15.71 g). Bearded head right, wearing laurel wreath; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 197; Greenwell 81; SNG BN 337 (this coin); Boston MFA 1561 = Warren 1500; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2207 = Pozzi 2177; Kraay & Hirmer 721. Lightly toned. VF. Well centered. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Berk BBS 202 (26 October 2017), lot 7; Edoardo Levante Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 577; deaccessioned from the Départment des Monnaies, Médailles et Antiques, Bibliothèque Nationale de France. J.P. Six (NC 1898, pp. 197-198) first suggested that the bearded male portrait on this stater was that of the Athenian general Timotheos (d. 354 BC), who had raised the siege of Kyzikos in 363 BC (Diod. Sic. 15.81.6), noting a similarity between the coins and a marble portrait in the Capitoline Museum (no. 46). Other authors subsequently took different views. However, in “The Cyzicenes: A Reappraisal,” AJN 5-6 [19931994], pp. 9-11, Mildenberg defended Six’s hypothesis. He noted that Kyzikos was under Persian control from 540 BC until 445 BC, and then from 387 BC until the end of the Achaemenid Empire. During the almost sixty year interval, Kyzikos was allied with Athens as a member of the Delian League. Kyzikos, however, was not banned from continuing to strike electrum staters (per League rules), because Athens saw the coinage as a valuable means of payment and in its best interest. Thus, when Athenian forces under the command of Timotheos successfully raised the Persian siege of Kyzikos in 363 BC (Diod. Sic. 15.81.6), the citizens placed the portrait of the victorious general, complete with laurel wreath, on this issue of staters to show their appreciation of his services and subtly honor him in an already-accepted Athenian associated context. Timotheos was the son of Konon and a Thracian mother (Ath. 13.577a). A prominent citizen, Timotheos was an associate of both the philosopher Plato and the Athenian orator Isokrates. Between 378 BC and 356 BC he frequently served as strategos, in which capacity he was able to secure an Athenian alliance with Kephallenia, and friendship with the Akarnanians and the Molossians. In 373 BC he was assigned command of a fleet to relieve Korkyra from Spartan control. Because the expedition was underfunded, the relief was delayed, prompting Timotheos to be brought to trial. Through the intervention of his allies, including Jason, the ruler of Pherai and the tagos (ταγός) of the Thessalian League, Timotheos was acquitted. Following his acquittal, and with the assistance of Amyntas III of Macedon, Timotheos took Korkyra (Diod. Sic. 15.47). For this, a statue was raised in his honor in Athens (Aeschin. In Ctes. 243). In 363 BC, Timotheos raised the siege of Kyzikos, for which these staters may have been issued (Diod. Sic. 15.81.6). In 366 BC, Timotheos was sent to aid Ariobarzanes, the satrap of Phrygia, but when he discovered that the satrap was in revolt against the Great King, Timotheos turned his attention to the northern Aegean. There, he captured Samos after a siege of 10 months, followed by similar conquests along the Thraco-Macedonian coast. A legal action brought against him by Apollodoros (the speech of which is attributed to Demosthenes), is noteworthy for illustrating the reversal of fortune of the once-great and honored general. Timotheos was once again in command during the Social War (357-355 BC), but competing personalities among the leadership again brought Timotheos to trial. Found guilty and unable to pay the heavy fine imposed on him, Timotheos retreated to Chalkis in Euboia, where he died. In remorse for their treatment of the once-favored general, the Athenians forgave a greater part of the debt that had passed on to his son, Konon. They also brought his ashes back to Athens, burying them in the Keramikos and erecting statues to him in the Agora and on the Akropolis.

Phrixos or Odysseus?

646. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.02 g). Bearded male, nude but for petasos and cloak tied at neck, crouching left on the back of a sacrificial ram lying left, holding its head up with his left hand, exposing its neck that he prepares to strike with a knife held above in his right hand / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 156; Greenwell 71; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet 1604; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; Prospero 451; Regling, Kunstwerk 623; Traité II 2645. Lightly toned. Near EF. Very rare, and better condition than the Prospero example which hammered at $40,000 on a $20,000 estimate. ($15,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XI (7 April 2016), lot 421 (hammer £26,000). The identification of the male on the obverse has long been debated. M. F. Lenormant first suggested Phrixos sacrificing the ram with the golden fleece, but Greenwell preferred Odysseus slaying the animal Circe provided him before his descent into Hades, in part due to the figure being bearded, which indicated an older individual, which contrasts with the youthful portraits traditionally given to Phrixos.

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Pharnabazos – Satrap and Persian Military Commander

647. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Pharnabazos. Persian military commander, circa 398-396/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (21mm, 14.22 g, 7h). Head of Pharnabazos right, wearing satrapal cap tied below his chin, and diadem; [fÅr-@]-Å-∫Å around / Ornate ship’s prow left, decorated with a griffin and prophylactic eye; before and [aft], two dolphins downward; below, tunny left; all within shallow incuse circle. Maffre 7 (D7/R5); Bodzek 4 = BM mus. no. 1892,0703.1 = ACGC 951 = Meadows, Administration 330 (same dies); Winzer 9.3; SNG Copenhagen Supp. 303; SNG BN 395; SNG von Aulock 1216; Kraay & Hirmer 718. Lightly toned, irregular flan, some roughness, cleaning scratches. Good VF. Very rare, Maffre located thirteen extant examples, eight of which are in museum collections, one additional in CoinArchives. ($5000) Pharnabazos, a member of the Persian nobility, was satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia, which later became the satrapy of Daskylion. In 399 BC, a war between Sparta and Persia ensued. Agesilaos, one of the Spartan kings, attacked the satrapy of Hellespontine Phrygia. Though hard pressed by the Spartan invasion of his territory, Pharnabazos was able to organize the Persian fleet under the command of the mercenaries Konon of Athens and Evagoras of Salamis, and destroy the Spartan fleet at Knidos in 394 BC. At the same time, he assisted Athens with financial aid to further undermine the Spartans. The land campaign, however, was less successful and the war dragged on. The arrival of a Spartan delegation at the Persian capital resulted in a peace treaty and, contrary to the wishes of Pharnabazos, a renewed alliance. For all of his work, Pharnabazos was recalled from his satrapy and married to the king’s daughter, Apame. This exceptional coinage of Kyzikos was struck during this period of warfare between the Spartans and Persians. The issue commenced after Pharnabazos received the responsibility for the management of the Achaemenid navy in 398 BC, and ended with the temporary closure of the mint in 396 BC due to the Spartan presence in the area. Maffre’s die study suggests that, although only thirteen examples are known today, the coinage was quite massive. Echoing the earlier observations of G. Le Rider and O. Casabonne, Maffre discounts the temptation of earlier numismatists to assign the coinage to a special emission commemorating a specific naval victory. Instead, the sheer size of the emission suggests that the issue was likely used to finance Pharnabazos’ navy in general – not only the construction and maintenance of hundreds of ships, but also the service of thousands of men. While the coinage did not commemorate a particular naval victory, it was instrumental in facilitating Pharnabazos’ naval success that culminated in the Battle of Knidos.

648. MYSIA, Lampsakos(?). Circa 525-500 BC. AR Diobol (11mm, 1.25 g). Forepart of Pegasos left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Baldwin, Lampsakos, pl. V, 3; SNG Arikanturk –; SMG Ashmolean –; cf. SNG BN 1118–9; cf. SNG Copenhagen 180–1; CNG 78, lot 760. Dark find patina. Near EF. ($500) From the MM Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 253 (5 March 2018), lot 191 (hammer €650). Issues with a Pegasos forepart and incuse are commonly known at a variety of mints. Argilos in Macedon is one possibility, but all of the known issues only display a single wing on Pegasos. Another, whose incuse style is more similar to this issue, is Corinth. However, these always include the city’s koppa on the obverse, and this issue clearly does not. Lampsakos remains the most likely possibility. Although the style of the incuse is not typical for the city, the style of Pegasos is quite similar, with both wings visible and the head lowered toward its forelegs.

649. MYSIA, Lampsakos. Circa 510-490 BC. AR Diobol (10.5mm, 1.24 g, 6h). “Troad” standard. Janiform female heads / Helmeted head of Athena left within incuse square. Baldwin, Lampsakos, Group A, I, pl. V, 14–5; SNG BN 1126. Attractively toned, a hint of porosity. Near EF. Perfectly centered. Exceptional for issue. ($500) From the Weise Collection. Ex G. Hirsch 338 (09 May 2018), lot 359; Gorny & Mosch 216 (15 October 2013), lot 2476.

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Kraay & Hirmer Plate Coin – Pedigreed to 1904

650. KINGS of PERGAMON. Philetairos. 282-263 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.10 g, 11h). Pergamon mint. Struck circa 269/8-263 BC. Diademed head of Seleukos I right / f5¬EtÅ5roU, Athena, wearing crested Corinthian helmet and long chiton, enthroned left, extending right hand to hold shield decorated with gorgoneion to left, left arm cradling long scepter and resting on throne back in the form of a small sphinx seated right; ivy leaf above arm to left, bow to outer right, f in exergue. Ingvaldsen, Philetaerus 5b (dies III/6) = Newell, Pergamene, 12a (dies XIV/27) = Kraay & Hirmer 736 (this coin); Imhoof-Blumer, Münzen 4 = SMB obv. no. 18203100 (same dies); CSE 635; SC 309.4; SNG Salting 31; BMC 27; Boston MFA 1608 = Warren 1024; Hunterian 4. Lightly toned. EF. Well centered. Powerful Hellenistic portrait. ($50,000) Ex Leu 48 (10 May 1989), lot 221; Leu 13 (29 April 1975), lot 201; G. Hirsch 37 (10 December 1963), lot 238; J. Hirsch XII (17 November 1904), lot 232. When Lysimachos established the mint of Pergamon, he entrusted its treasury to the eunuch Philetairos. Philetairos changed his allegiance to Seleukos I, probably shortly before the Battle of Korupedion in 281 BC, where Seleukos defeated Lysimachos. Although Seleukos was assassinated the following year, Philetairos struck a series of Alexander-type issues in the name of Seleukos. Philetairos continued to acknowledge Seleukid primacy for some time, but soon struck a coinage in his own name. This coinage featured Athena Nikephoros on the reverse, similar to the reverses of Lysimachos. Perhaps because this move might have been viewed as a threat by his Seleukid overlord, the obverse of the first issues of these coins featured the portrait of Seleukos I. Houghton & Lorber (SC), citing Le Rider and Newell, assign this coinage to the aftermath of Antiochos I’s victory over the Galatians, circa 269/8 BC. Near the end of Philetairos’ reign, in the mid-late 260s, the portrait of Seleukos was replaced with the portrait of the Pergamene king, noting a final break from Seleukid authority. Similar to what was done in Ptolemaic Egypt, all of the subsequent kings of Pergamon continued to use these types on the coinage, and even kept the name of Philetairos. Distinguishing the issues between the various rulers has been difficult for numismatists. Westermark’s die study of the coinage, however, provided the key necessary for understanding the series, although more recent hoard evidence has refined Westermark’s assignment of the issues.

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651. KINGS of PERGAMON. Eumenes I. 263-241 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.89 g, 12h). In the name of Philetairos. Pergamon mint. Struck circa 255/50-241 BC. Head of Philetairos right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬EtÅ5roU, Athena enthroned left, left elbow resting on shield to right, crowning dynastic name with wreath held in her extended right hand; transverse spear in background, ivy leaf to outer left, v to inner left, bow to right. Westermark Group IVA (dies V.XLVIII:B/R.2); SNG BN 1614–5 (same obv. die); SNG von Aulock 1356–7; SNG Copenhagen 335; Dewing 2208. Obverse is in very high relief. Small spot of weak strike at high point of obverse. EF. ($3000) From the TAB Collection.

Kebren Electrum Hekte

652. TROAS, Kebren. Late 6th-early 5th centuries BC. EL Hekte (11mm, 2.72 g). Phokaic standard. Head of ram right / Incuse square. SNG von Aulock 7775 var. (head left); Triton XXI, lot 461 (same die and punch); CNG 102, lot 400 (same die and punch). A few light scratches. Near EF. Extremely rare, apparently the third known with head right. ($1500) Although there are a few electrum Phokaic standard hektai known with a ram’s head (particularly from Mytilene and Phokaia, as well as an uncertain mint in Ionia [see Weidauer 50 and Lot 484, below]), all are distinctly different in style from this coin. At the same time, the style of the ram’s head here is a perfect match to the type found on the early silver issues at Kebren (cf. SNG Ashmolean 1076–7). See SNG Kayhan 1565 and CNG 90, lot 577 for myshemihektes of the same style and standard, but with head left.

Exceptional Mytilene Hekte

653. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.56 g, 12h). Head of roaring lion right / Incuse head of cock left; rectangular punch to right. Bodenstedt Em. 7; HGC 6, 931; SNG Copenhagen 302; BMC 24; de Luynes 2543–4; Rosen 552 = Pozzi 2319. Attractively toned, light marks on reverse. Superb EF. Perfectly centered. ($4000) Ex Gemini VI (10 January 2010), lot 139.

654. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (11.5mm, 2.55 g, 7h). Forepart of winged boar right / Incuse head of lion left; rectangular punch behind. Bodenstedt Em. 10; HGC 6, 935; Consul Weber 2686; Boston MFA 1678. Compact flan, a little die rust on obverse, small mark on reverse. Good VF. ($500) 102


655 656 655. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.56 g, 7h). Head of ram right; below, cock standing left / Incuse head of lion left; rectangular punch behind. Bodenstedt Em. 11; HGC 6, 936; SNG von Aulock 7718; Boston MFA 1677; BMC 10. Lightly toned, compact flan. Good VF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 58 (19 September 2001), lot 561.

656. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.59 g, 12h). Head of roaring lion right / Incuse head of calf right; rectangular punch behind. Bodenstedt Em. 13; HGC 6, 938; SNG von Aulock 1685; BMC 18–22; Boston MFA 1679–81. Lightly toned, die break and tiny scuff on obverse. Near EF. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection.

657

658

657. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 454-428/7 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.51 g, 5h). Young male head right, wearing tainia / Crested Corinthian helmet right; Â to right; all within incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 40; HGC 6, 966; BMC 35; Boston MFA 1699. Lightly toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($750) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 185.

658. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 454-428/7 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.51 g, 6h). Young female head right / Facing head of lion (or wolf) in incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 48; HGC 6, 974; SNG von Aulock 7728; BMC 33. Lightly toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($750) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 190.

659 660 659. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 454-428/7 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.54 g, 6h). Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Bearded head of Silenos right within incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 51; HGC 6, 977; SNG Copenhagen 307; Traité II 2173. Toned. Good VF. ($750) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 384 (12 October 2016), lot 211.

660. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 412-378 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.54 g, 9h). Forepart of winged lion left / Sphinx seated right in linear square within incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 63; HGC 6, 989 corr. (winged lion, not boar); SNG von Aulock 1704; BMC 35; Boston MFA 1694–6. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($750) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 277.

661. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 377-326 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.54 g, 11h). Half length bust of Maenad, hair in sphendone, right / Race torch in linear square within shallow incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 92; HGC 6, 1018; SNG Copenhagen 320; BMC 122; Boston MFA 1744; Jameson 1478; Traité II 2219; Weber 5643. Toned, a few tiny flan flaws on obverse, minor die break on reverse. Good VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 114 (13 May 2020), lot 270.

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Illustrated in Fischer-Bossert

662. IONIA, Ephesos. Phanes. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.34 g). Forepart of stag right, head left / Incuse square with raised lines within. Fischer-Bossert, Phanes 19c (O14/R19L – this coin, illustrated); Weidauer –; Linzalone LN1103 (same obv. die). Iridescent tone. Near EF. ($5000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Greenpoint Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 91, 19 September 2012), lot 72; John Bergman Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 57, 4 April 2001), lot 121 (part of).

663. IONIA, Ephesos. Phanes. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-fourth Stater (6.3mm, 0.57 g). Forepart of stag left, head reverted; three pellets to left / Incuse square punch with raised lines within. Fischer-Bossert, Phanes 40e (O16/R36T – this coin); Weidauer –; SNG Kayhan 1219 (same obv. die). Minor die wear. Good VF. Very rare, one of only 13 examples noted by Fischer-Bossert with pellets on the obverse (known from only one die). ($750) From the MM Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 377 (29 June 2016), lot 97 (hammer $3000).

664. IONIA, Ephesos. Phanes. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-fourth Stater (6mm, 0.59 g). Forepart of stag right, head reverted / Abstract geometric pattern within incuse square. Fischer-Bossert, Phanes 43c (O24/R41T – this coin); Weidauer –; SNG von Aulock 7773; ATEC 236 (same dies); Linzalone LN1105; Zhuyuetang 9. Good VF. Well centered. ($750) From the MM Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 423 (27 June 2018), lot 166 (hammer $1600).

665. IONIA, Ephesos. Phanes. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Forty-eighth Stater (5mm, 0.29 g). Head of stag right / Abstract geometric pattern within incuse square. Fischer-Bossert, Phanes 53a (O33/R48 – this coin); Weidauer –; SNG von Aulock 7788; ATEC 237; Linzalone LN1106; Zhuyuetang 10. Toned, a couple of marks. Good VF. ($1000) From the MM Collection. Ex Leu Numismatik Web Auction 5 (23 September 2018), lot 240 (hammer CHF 1700).

666. IONIA, Miletos. Circa 600-546 BC. EL Stater (21.5mm, 14.02 g). Lion reclining left, head reverted, within rectangular frame divided into smaller rectangular compartments / Central oblong punch, containing three pellets connected in Λ shape and a quadruped standing left, flanked by two square punches containing, respectively, a stellate pattern and a geometric pattern. Hilbert Phase 1, S11.1 (dies A5/G11 – this coin); SNG Kayhan 441 (2 punches are same); SNG München 701 (2 punches are same); Rosen 577; Traité I 17. VF. ($3000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex John F. Sullivan Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 70, 21 September 2005), lot 251.

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667 668 667. IONIA, Miletos. Late 6th-early 5th century BC. AR Diobol (13mm, 2.11 g). Milesian standard. Lion at bay right / Stellate pattern within incuse square. Pfeiler, Silberprägung, pp. 7–8, n. 18; SNG Kayhan –; SNG von Aulock 2086; SNG Copenhagen 956; BMC 12; Rosen 585; Traité II 1752. Typical porosity, light scuff on obverse. Good VF. Rare. ($1500) 668. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.58 g). Head of lion left; to right, small seal upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 13; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Kayhan –; Boston MFA –; Gulbenkian 927. Light scrape on obverse. EF. ($1000)

669. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.58 g). Ram couchant left; above, small seal left / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 18; SNG von Aulock 7945; SNG Kayhan 1424. EF. Rare. ($1000)

670 671 670. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.59 g). Head of warrior left, wearing Corinthian helmet decorated with vine tendril on the bowl; below, small seal left / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 30; BMC 76–7; Boston MFA 1895. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($500) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 309 corr. (Bodenstedt number).

671. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.57 g). Forepart of griffin left; to right, small seal downward / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 42; BMC –; Boston MFA –; SNG von Aulock –; CNG 96, lot 450. Minor die break in field on obverse. Near EF. Well centered and struck. Very rare. ($750) From the Weise Collection. Ex Roma E-Sale 33 (4 February 2017), lot 170.

672. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.55 g). Horned head of river god left; to right, small seal upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 35; BMC 4; Kraay & Hirmer 597. Near EF. Well centered. ($1000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 106 (13 September 2017), lot 382.

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Extremely Rare Issue

673. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 478-387 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.56 g). Bearded head left, wearing satrapal cap; [to right, small seal downward] / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 65; Winzer 6.6 (Tissaphernes). Lightly toned. Good VF. Extremely rare, only the s’Gravenhage piece noted by Bodenstedt, only this piece in CoinArchives. ($1500) From the Weise Collection. Ex MM Collection (Triton XX, 10 January 2017), lot 273; Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 222.

674. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 478-387 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.53 g). Head of Hera left, wearing kalathos; to right, small seal upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 88; SNG von Aulock 7952; BMC 44; Traité II 2106. VF. ($500) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 474.

675. IONIA, Smyrna. Circa 150-143 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.65 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Menekrates, magistrate. Turreted head of Tyche right / Ethnic and ‚ within laurel wreath. Milne, Silver 3, obv. die C (unlisted for magistrate); Milne, Autonomous 141; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 4. Lightly toned. EF. ($5000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Kelly J. Krizan, M.D. Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 93, 22 May 2013), lot 393; Vecchi 14 (5 February 1999), lot 596.

Among the Finest Known

676. IONIA, Smyrna. Circa 125-115 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 3.95 g, 12h). Homereia type. Apollodotos, magistrate. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Homer seated left, holding scroll in left hand, right hand raised; diagonal scepter in background, Å∏o¬¬odoto[%] to left, zÂUr@Å5W[@] to right. Milne, Silver 6, obv. die a; Milne, Autonomous, Period XIβ, 196; Bement 1482 = Weber 6118; de Luynes 2659 (same dies). Lightly toned, slight roughness. EF. Exceptional for this rare issue, among the finest known. ($2000) 106


677 678 677. IONIA, Teos. Late 6th-early 5th century BC. AR Eighth Stater or Trihemiobol (10.5mm, 1.29 g). Griffin seated right / Incuse square. Matzke Group Ba3, 74 (this coin); Balcer –; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Kayhan –; SNG von Aulock –. Deep cabinet tone, compact flan. Near EF. Extremely rare. ($750) From the JTB Collection. Ex Künker 304 (19 March 2018), lot 505; Heidelberger Münzhandlung (Grün) 3 (7 May 1991), lot 78.

678. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hemihekte - Twelfth Stater (8.5mm, 1.45 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Plain globular surface / Incuse square. Cf. Weidauer Group I, 4 (hekte); cf. Artemision 2 (myshemihekte); Elektron I 5–7; Traité I –; SNG von Aulock 7763; SNG Kayhan 676–8. Toned, light scratches. As made. Rare. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 433.

679. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (8.5mm, 2.34 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Flattened striated surface / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group II, 6–8; Artemision 29; Elektron II 11–2; Traité I 12; SNG Kayhan 680 (same incuses). Lightly toned. Good VF. ($3000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 523.

680. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7mm, 1.24 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Flattened striated surface / Incuse square. Weidauer Group II, 9; cf. Artemision 29 and 4 (hekte and myshiemihekte); Elektron II 13–4; Traité I 13; SNG Kayhan 681. Good VF. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 524.

681 682 681. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12.5mm, 4.65 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Globular surface with cluster of pellets / Two incuse squares. Weidauer –; Artemision –; Elektron –; Traité I 3; SNG Kayhan –; SNG von Aulock 7761; Boston MFA 1749; Pozzi 2350; Rosen 253. Edge splits. As made. ($2000) From the RWH Collection. Ex VAuctions 332 / Triskeles 25 (28 September 2018), lot 86.

682. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12.5mm, 4.61 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Geometric figure resembling a star, composed of a cross centered upon a polygon of eight sides / Rectangular incuse divided horizontally and vertically into four compartments by two perpendicular lines; the upper two compartments divided into halves by a single line, the upper halves each containing a pellet, the lower halves bisected by two small vertical lines; the lower two compartments divided into thirds by two parallel lines. McFadden 1 (same obv. die as illustration); Konuk & Lorber fig. 14; Elektron I 16 (same dies); Rosen Sale 12; Traité –; Zhuyuetang 2; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen (Cyprus, etc.), pl. 10, 318; SNG Kayhan 697. Minor deposits. Good VF. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 430.

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683. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9mm, 2.30 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Geometric figure resembling a star, composed of a cross centered upon a polygon of eight sides within a square with slightly rounded sides / Rectangular incuse punch divided horizontally and vertically into four compartments by two perpendicular lines; the upper two compartments divided into thirds by two parallel lines; the lower two compartments divided into halves by a single line, the upper halves contain a pellet, the lower halves are bisected by two small vertical lines. McFadden 2; Weidauer –; Traité I 5; SNG Kayhan 698; Boston MFA –; Rosen –; Elektron –; Zhuyuetang 3 (all from same die and punch). Toned. Good VF. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection, purchased from Jonathan K. Kern, August 1999.

684. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (8mm, 1.17 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Geometric figure resembling a star, composed of a cross centered upon a polygon of eight sides / Quadripartite incuse square with a pellet in the center; each quarter contains a diagonal line radiating from the central pellet. McFadden 3; Elektron –; Rosen –; Traité –; Zhuyuetang 4; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Kayhan 699–700. Toned. Good VF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection, purchased from Jonathan K. Kern, August 1999.

685. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-fourth Stater (6mm, 0.57 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Geometric figure resembling a star, composed of a crosshatch design, with two parallel lines splayed at one end / Quadripartite incuse square punch with a pellet in the center; each quarter contains a diagonal line radiating from the central pellet; some sections contain further lines. McFadden 4; Elektron II 16; Rosen 279; Traité –; Zhuyuetang 5; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Kayhan 701. Toned. Good VF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection, purchased from Jonathan K. Kern, August 1999.

686. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Forty-eighth Stater (5mm, 0.31 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Geometric figure resembling a star, composed of a crosshatch design, with two parallel lines splayed at one end / Quadripartite incuse square punch with three central pellets and diagonal lines radiating around. McFadden 5 = Adams I 94 (this coin illustrated); Linzalone LN 1066 var. (no pellets); Zhuyuetang 6 var. (same); otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Toned. EF. Extremely rare fraction for series. ($300) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Dr. Lawrence A. Adams Collection (Part I, Classical Numismatic Group 100, 7 October 2015), lot 94, purchased from Jonathan Kern, June 1999.

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687

688 687. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Stater (20.5mm, 13.45 g). Light Samian standard(?). Rider on horse galloping left; below, hound running left / Two parallel incuse rectangles. Unpublished. Minor edge splits. Good VF. Unique. ($20,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. This exceptional and unique electrum stater is likely related to a group of obscure, and equally rare issues. These coins are all struck on flans weighing approximately 13.40 grams, and have the same two parallel rectangular incuses, which is canonical for electrum staters struck on the Samian standard. Staters on that standard, however, weigh approximately 17.40 grams, so these rare figural issues at 13.40 grams must represent a light version of the Samian standard. Other examples of this group feature a tortoise (Rosen 247 and Prospero 499), a boar (Rosen 248), and a shield (Adams I 89 = Linzalone LN1070), while an apparently non-figural type, featuring a rough square (Rosen 249), is also known.

688. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.53 g). Phokaic standard. Chimaera standing left / Two incuse squares of unequal size. BMC Ionia 41 = GPCG 18 = B.V. Head, “Metrological Notes on the Ancient Electrum Coins struck between the Lelantian Wars and the Accession of Darius” in NC 1875, pp. 285–8, pl. X, 9; Rosen Sale 73 = Pozzi 2369; New York Sale XLII, lot 154 = New York Sale XXX, lot 142. Minor edge splits, some die rust. Good VF. Extremely rare, one of approximately five known, of which at least two are in public collections (BM and Landesmuseum). ($15,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XV (5 April 2018), lot 140 (hammer £22,000). The common weight standard and similar style of incuse punches that this issue shares with the coinage of the “Shield Series” (see Triton XXIII, lot 392–3), suggests that they may be related.

689. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.73 g). Phokaic standard. Pegasos advancing right / Incuse square. Weidauer –; Elektron –; Traité –; SNG Kayhan –; SNG von Aulock 7792 (same die and punch); Rosen 318 (same die); CNG 105, lot 351 (same die and punch); Triton XVII, lot 322 (same die and punch). Slightly off center. Good VF. Rare. ($1500) From the MM Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 253 (5 March 2018), lot 199 (hammer €1700).

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690. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 550-525 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 14.26 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Forepart of bridled horse left; rosette at breast, [floral symbol (lotus?) at nape of the neck] / Two incuse squares flanking central rectangular incuse. Fischer-Bossert, Horses, Series I, 2 (dies H2/H1-H3); Weidauer 138–9; ACGC 56; Konuk & Lorber fig. 7; Le Rider, Naissance, pl. III, 7; SNG Kayhan 714 (same punches); Traité pl. II, 24. Lightly toned, typical die rust, trace deposits. VF. Rare. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma XII (29 September 2016), lot 238. This interesting issue of electrum staters has been known for some time. Noting the similarity of the reverse punches to electrum staters at Miletos with a couchant lion, Kraay suggested it may have been one of many issues from the early period at that city with this form of punch marks, perhaps the earliest, with the city using varying types before settling on a lion as its civic badge. Nevertheless, Kraay also noted that some issues with this form of punchmarking had been attributed to cities in Caria and Lydia, so the identification of the mint as Miletos was speculative. Until more recent discoveries, though, the subsidiary symbols on the obverse, a flower (lotus?) and rosette, were either not clearly visible or missed by catalogers. Although the configuration and style of the reverse punches suggest a date contemporary to the lion staters of Miletos, the appearance of these symbols casts doubt on such an early chronology, as subsidiary symbols do not commonly appear on electrum until much later. Subsidiary symbols on electrum staters are more common on northwest Anatolian issues of the early 5th century BC. The most prominent examples are the various electrum staters typically given to the time of the Ionian Revolt (cf. ACGC 74), and the early issues at Lampsakos (cf. Kraay & Hirmer 727). A lotus symbol is also found as a subsidiary symbol on electrum staters that may have been issued in Thrace in the late 6th century (cf. Rosen 148–9). Another example is the recently discovered staters featuring a lion lying right with a lotus flower above (cf. Linzalone 1174), typically dated to the early 5th century. Interestingly, this issue has a similar configuration of reverse punches, though they have a more uniform appearance that suggests a date later than the present specimen. The closest parallel with the current stater issue, however, is a stater with a lion lying left with lotus flower above (cf. Rosen 245). The reverse of this issue also has a similar configuration of punches, but appears closer to our piece in style. Unfortunately, that issue is known from just one example, and its date of issue is unknown. Another factor to consider is the combination of rosette and lotus symbols. These two symbols frequently occur together, particularly on silver issues from cities in the region of northern Greece during the period that they were under Persian rule. Both the rosette and lotus are often found in Persian art. At Persepolis, rosettes of the same form as found on this stater adorn a chariot on the north face of the Apadana, they adorn the bridle of a bull fighting a lion, and frame the scene on the stairway façade of Palace H, and can be seen on parts of the façade of Palace G (now moved to Palace H). In Persian art, the rosette is often used to depict a lotus seen from above, and the same Palace G façade also features a column of lotus blossums above the rosettes. E. Herzfeld’s drawings from Persepolis often depict the lotus and rosette used in conjunction (see, e.g., Drawing, “Excavation of Persepolis [Iran]: Apadana, East Side, Ceremonial Staircases: Carvings of Palms,” 19051934, FSA A.6 05.0899, Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Smithsonian Institution). Thus, the rosette and lotus have long connections in Persian art, and are often found in conjunction. Their use is also attested in ancient Egyptian art, but the importation of the symbols on coins in Asia Minor are more likely a result of Persian influence. It seems thus that this coin was issued after the Persians conquered western Asia Minor in the mid 6th century, but probably not much later, as the configuration and style of the reverse punches seem closely related to the early staters of Miletos. But what of the interpretation of the design? The rosette and lotus symbols are likely to be interpreted as one, rather than two separate images, simply depicting the flower from the side and above. Their meaning in Persian art is manifold: divinity, light, heaven, or royal authority are often suggested. More perplexing is the primary type, the forepart of a horse. Like the rosette and lotus, horse protomes are well known from Persepolis, particularly as capitals. In essence, the design in total, horse forepart with lotus and rosette, can be viewed as intrinsically Persian, and probably is symbolic of Persian authority.

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691. IONIA, Uncertain. Late 6th-early 5th century BC. AR Hemitetartemorion – Ninety-sixth Stater (5mm, 0.13 g). Rosette / Five pellets within conforming incuse. SNG Kayhan 740 and 1576 (Erythrai?); SNG von Aulock 1807 (Uncertain Ionia); Pfeiler, Silberprägung, p. 13, 18–22 (Miletos). Toned. Good VF. Exceptional for issue. ($500) From the JTB Collection. Ex Hauck & Aufhäuser 21 (17 March 2009), lot 146.

692. ISLANDS off IONIA, Chios. Circa 510-493 BC. AR Drachm (15.5mm, 7.72 g). Sphinx seated left; amphora to left; all within wreath / Quadripartite incuse square. Mavrogordato 18; Baldwin, Chios 11; HGC 6, 1120; SNG Copenhagen 1540; McClean 8354–6; Ward 678 = Mavrogordato pl. II, 1 (same die and punch, incorrectly listed under Mavrogordato 14). Toned, some porosity, typical compact flan. VF. Rare. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 530.

693. ISLANDS off IONIA, Chios. Circa 380-350 BC. AR Tetradrachm (21.5mm, 15.30 g, 12h). Eorynomos, magistrate. Sphinx seated left; to left, grape bunch above amphora; all on shallow convex surface / Quadripartite incuse square, with striated quarters and thick bands; EorU@oÂos on horizontal band. Mavrogordato 49; Baldwin, Chios 75; Pixodarus 11; HGC 6, 1116; CNG 106, lot 403. Toned, slight granularity, a little off center. Good VF. Rare magistrate, only three in CoinArchives, including the Pixodaros hoard example. ($3000) From the Lampasas Collection.

End of Session 2

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Session 3 – Wednesday, January 20, 2021 — 9 AM

694. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Ardys – Alyattes. Circa 630s-564/53 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (13mm, 4.77 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with four rays on forehead / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVI, 68 (same punch on right); Artemision 7; Kurth –; SNG Ashmolean 749–53; Traité I 43; BMC 2. Toned. Good VF. Well struck. ($1500) From the MM Collection.

Very rare KUKALIṂ Hemihekte

695. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Ardys – Alyattes. Circa 630s-564/53 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7.5mm, 1.15 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of lion right; traces of legend(?) to right / Incuse punch. Weidauer Group XVIII (unlisted denomination); cf. Wallace, KUKALIṂ, pl. I, 2 (trite; same punch as that on left in photo); Kurth –; ANS 1969.156.1 corr. (same rev. punch; incorrect Weidauer numbers [but correct Group]); ANS 1944.100.48853 corr. (incorrectly attributed to Weidauer Group XV); CNG 111, lot 276 (same die and punch); cf. Triton XX, lot 296 (trite; same punch as that on left in photo). Good VF. Very rare KUKALIṂ hemihekte. ($1000) From the MM Collection.

696. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Ardys – Alyattes. Circa 630s-564/53 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-fourth Stater (5.5mm, 0.57 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of boar right / Incuse square. Spier p. 332, 6 = Rosen 282 (A5/ P5); Weidauer Series XIII (unlisted denomination); Kurth G13 (same rev. punch); cf. SNG Kayhan 1011 (hemihekte); ATEC 113. Good VF. Very rare. ($500) From the MM Collection. Ex Bernhard Terletzki Collection (Künker 295, 25 September 2017), lot 328, purchased from Bankhaus H. Aufhäuser, 10 November 1992.

697. KINGS of LYDIA. Alyattes. Circa 620/10-564/53 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (13mm, 4.68 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Confronted heads of roaring lions, “sun” on foreheads (die positioned to feature the right side lion); [Ò]e√Òå√ (WALWEL in retrograde Lydian) downward on left, read from inside-out / Two square punches. Weidauer Group XVII, 93–4 and 96; Artemision 77; Kurth G16; Traité –; SNG Kayhan –; SNG von Aulock –. Light deposits. VF. Rare, especially with the legend this clear. ($5000)

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698. KINGS of LYDIA. Alyattes. Circa 620/10-564/53 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.31 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Confronted heads of roaring lions, “sun” on foreheads (die positioned to feature the right side lion); [©] e√©å√ (WALWEL in Lydian) downward between / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVII, 99 = Artemision 78 (same obv. die); Kurth G18 (same obv. die as illustration); SNG Ashmolean –; SNG Kayhan 1012; Traité I 57. Light scratches, some die rust. VF. ($2000) The lion head/incuse coinage is among the earliest firmly attributed to the Lydian kingdom, and its origins date to the time of Alyattes, who ruled circa 620/10-564/53 BC. While most of the coins are anepigraphic, a small number of them bear the inscription Walwel or Kukalim in Lydian. Although these names likely equate to Alyattes and Gyges, respectively, hoard studies have shown that these coins were not only contemprary with one another, but also with the anepigraphic issues. Thus, while Walwel may refer to the king, Kukalim most likely refers to another member of the royal family or some other high official. All trites and hektes with the inscription Walwel or Kukalim are struck from obverse dies that are much larger than the respective denominations require. These dies contain two opposing lion heads with the Lydian inscription between, and the coin blanks were struck off-center, in such a way that only one of the lion heads would be visible with the inscription. The coins above are examples of this method, with each pair being struck from the same die, but on opposite sides. It is uncertain whether the dies were originally intended for a larger denomination, or whether the dies were designed so that coins could be struck with either facing lion head.

699. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Alyattes – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (13mm, 4.74 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with multiple rays on forehead / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVI, 89; Kurth G26; SNG Ashmolean 749–51; SNG Kayhan 1013; Boston MFA 1765–6; Traité I 44. Underlying luster, tiny mark on obverse. EF. Well centered. ($2000)

700. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Alyattes – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7.5mm, 1.19 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with no rays on forehead / Incuse square. Weidauer Group XVI, 90; Kurth G29–30; SNG Ashmolean 757; SNG Kayhan 1731; Boston MFA 1770; Traité I 47. Toned, a few light marks. Good VF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Cederlind 117 (28 September 1999), lot 604; Leu 71 (24 October 1997), lot 223.

Extremely Rare Denomination for Type

701. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Alyattes – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-fourth Stater (8mm, 0.80 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with no rays on forehead / Incuse square. Weidauer Group XVI, –; Artemision –; Kurth –; Traité I –; Sunrise 4 corr. (metal; this coin). Light mark on obverse. Near EF. Extremely rare denomination, the only published example. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 23; Gorny & Mosch 180 (12 October 2009), lot 200.

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Prototype Stater: World’s First Gold Coin 702. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 10.71 g). Heavy standard. Sardes mint. Prototype issue. Confronted foreparts of lion, with “sun” on forehead, and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 1; Kurth G49; Konuk & Lorber fig. 25 = CH VIII, pl. I, Hoard 7, no. 40 = Triton XV, lot 1243; Athena Fund I 58; McClean 8635; NAIMBAN 6; Ward 723. Underlying luster. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan, with full type visible. Exceptional for issue, very rare thus. ($30,000) The ‘Kroisos’ type coinage is one of the most recognizable of all ancient Greek coinage. All of the issues in the bimetallic, gold and silver, series feature the same confronted lion and bull foreparts on the obverse, and two incuse punches (or a single punch in the case of small denominations) on the reverse. The series began on a ‘heavy’ standard, with gold and silver staters of equal weight, around 10.6-10.7 grams, which was later reduced to about 8.17 grams for the gold. Recent studies have shown that coins of both standards circulated together, but that the heavy standard was only used for a relatively short time compared to the light standard, which continued to be used into the Persian period. The Kroiseids have also traditionally been broken down into two stylistic groups, ‘realistic’ and ‘stylized’, with hoard evidence suggesting that the former belonged to the time of Kroisos, while the latter were of the time of the Persians. The present coin, however, is from an issue that constitutes a third group that has a more archaic style, which has features that suggest it is the first issue of Kroisos’ bimetallic coinage. This prototype issue was first noted and analyzed in an article by Paolo Naster in 1964 (“Une série aberrante de Créséides” in BSFN 19 (1964), pp. 364–5, reprinted in P. Naster, Scripta Nummaria: Contributions à la méthodologie numismatique [Louvian-la-Neuve, 1983], pp. 76–7). The archaic character of the type is most evident in the bull, where the fine waves of hair on the later coinage are here represented as a series of pelleted lines emanating from a solid arc that forms the animal’s neckline. At the same time, antecedents of the style of the lion can be seen in the earlier electrum coinage, particularly the hemihektai of Weidauer’s Group XVI. The most significant feature linking this issue to the electrum, though, is the appearance of the small pellet or protuberance on the head of the lion. This feature, usually featuring rays emanating from it, is canonical on all the earlier electrum coinage from the time of Ardys until the early part of Kroisos’ reign. It is a feature that is totally lacking on the bimetallic coinage of the ‘realistic’ and, later, ‘stylized’ character. A final unusual feature particular to this issue is the depiction of the forelegs of the lion and bull, which are shown bent nearly 90 degrees at their midpoint, rather than in a straight line from shoulder to paw and hoof. The rarity today of these early style staters also suggests that the issue was short-lived, perhaps a trial run before the style was standardized. Martin Price also studied this unusual emission of staters (“Croesus or Pseudo-Croesus?” in Festschrift Mildenberg, p. 221, n. 25), and, like Naster, placed them between the electrum and the gold of standard style.

703. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (15.5mm, 8.07 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 3; Kurth G51; Le Rider, Naissance, pl. V, 8; Traité I 401–3; SNG von Aulock 2875; BMC 31; Boston MFA 2073; Gulbenkian 757. Lustrous. EF. Well centered and struck. ($10,000)

704. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (15.5mm, 8.05 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 3; Kurth G51; Le Rider, Naissance, pl. V, 8; Traité I 401–3; SNG von Aulock 2875; BMC 31; Boston MFA 2073; Gulbenkian 757. Lustrous. EF. Well centered and struck. ($10,000)

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702

703

704

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705. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Twelfth Stater (6mm, 0.67 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Incuse square. Walburg Group VI; Berk 10–3; Kurth G56; Traité –; SNG von Aulock –; SNG München 9; BMC –; Boston MFA –; Gulbenkian 759. Near EF. Well centered. ($1500)

706. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Hemistater (16.5mm, 5.24 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 23; Kurth S3; SNG Ashmolean –; SNG Kayhan 1024–6; Rosen 665. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan, showing full type. ($1000) From the MM Collection. Ex Roma XIII (23 March 2017), lot 313 (hammer £1500).

707. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Cyrus – Darios I. Circa 550/39-520 BC. AV Stater (16mm, 8.02 g). Kroiseid type. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Carradice pl. XI, 8; Berk 4; Kurth –; SNG Ashmolean 761; SNG von Aulock 2876; SNG Kayhan 1023; SNG Lockett 2984; Boston MFA 2077 = Warren 1287; Sunrise 15. Lustrous. EF. ($10,000) Ex Roma VII (22 March 2014), lot 681; Heritage 3019 (26 April 2012), lot 23146 (hammer $16,000).

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708. CARIA, Antioch ad Maeandrum. Early-Mid 1st century BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 15.87 g, 12h). Meleager, magistrate. Bearded head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / Eagle, with closed wings, standing left on thunderbolt; &@/t5o/ cE/W@ to left, ÂE/¬E&/˝ro% to right; all within circular maeander pattern. Thonemann Group B, 7b (O7’/R16); HN Online 2226 (same dies as illustration); Nomos 17, lot 184 (hammer 36,000 CHF) = Gorny & Mosch 207, lot 358 (hammer €24,000; same dies). Toned. Good VF. Extremely rare, only four tetradrachms of Meleager noted by Thonemann. ($10,000) The Carian city of Antioch, located near the eastern end of the Maeander valley, was founded on the south bank of the river Maeander, where the river is joined by a major tributary, the Morsynos River, flowing north from Aphrodisias. It was a Hellenistic settlement that was founded by Antiochos I Soter (though some argument has been advanced in favor of Antiochos III), and likely through a synoecism of two villages, Symmaithos and Kranaos (Pliny, NH 5.108). The location was a significant crossing point of the Common Road over the Maeander, between the important cities of Tralles, to the west, and Laodikeia on the Lykon, to the east. Given its important location, surprisingly little is known today about Antioch in the Hellenistic period; there is little mention of the city in contemporary literature and epigraphy, and the site remains unexcavated. In contrast, the city took on a much more important role in the Roman period, when it was fortified, and figured significantly in many emperors’ eastern campaigns. Its strategic location along a major trade route certainly must have enriched the city, which grew to a considerable size by the first century AD, spanning both sides of the Maeander (cf. Strabo 13.4.15). While the Roman provincial coinage at Antioch is quite sizable, the Hellenistic civic coinage is quite rare. All the civic issues date from the 2nd-1st centuries BC, and primarily consists of bronze coins, with very rare issues of silver tetradrachms and drachms. The types are fairly consistent across all denominations, with the obverse featuring the portrait of either Zeus, Apollo, Dionysos, or Artemis, while the reverse featuring a zebu bull or an eagle standing on a thunderbolt. Interestingly, some of the coins bear the name of a magistrate, while others do not. The silver has traditionally been dated to the 2nd century BC, and may have begun with a couple of rare issues of Alexander type tetradrachms that M.J. Price (following H. Seyrig) tentatively placed there, circa 190-180 BC, but it is more likely that these Alexanders are actually issues of Tabai (cf. Price p. 311 and Thonemann p. 52). No Seleukid issues are currently attributed to Antioch, but there are many western issues that are unattributed from the reigns of Antiochos I through Antiochos III, so it is possible that some of these issues may actually belong to this city. Thonemann’s recent study of the city’s Hellenistic silver coinage convincingly places it in the early-mid 1st century BC. He notes that Antioch was one of many cities in their region that began striking silver around the same time, and some of those cities struck dated issues that firmly places them in this period. It also seems likely to him that all of these silver issues were struck in relation to the Mithradatic Wars; that their production was not for purely civic needs, that the silver was struck for the benefit of a more powerful entity, which was likely the Roman forces that were in the region to counter the Pontic threat. In fact, the weight standard of the Antioch silver, with a drachm at c. 3.903.96 grams, is compatible with the contemporary Roman denarius. Thonemann also notes that it is possible that Antioch may have received the status of a civitas libera from Sulla for services the city performed for Rome in the early 80s BC. In any case, the silver coinage of Antioch appears to Thonemann to be a “surrogate” Roman coinage, struck for military purposes. Unfortunately, there is still too little evidence to firmly anchor the dating of the coinage to any particular event(s), though it is clear that the coinage probably endured until the end of the Mithradatic Wars in 63 BC, if not shortly thereafter.

Ex Hoffmann and Hermitage Museum Collections

709. CARIA, Knidos. Circa 490-465 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 6.08 g, 12h). Forepart of lion roaring left / Head of Aphrodite right, wearing tainia, within incuse square. Cahn Series III, 51.3 (V29/R40) = Hermitage Sale I 311 (this coin); HN Online 1054; Imhoof-Blumer, Choix 132 (same dies). Old collection tone, minor edge splits. Good VF. Excellent metal. ($2000) From the Weise Collection, purchased from R.M. Smythe (12 January 2007). Ex Leu 83 (6 May 2002), lot 326; E. Hoffmann Collection (Münzen und Medaillen AG 79, 28 February 1994), lot 355; Hermitage Museum Collection (Schlessinger 11, 26 February 1934), lot 311.

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710. CARIA, Knidos. Circa 395-380 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 14.60 g, 8h). Eudoros, magistrate. Head of Aphrodite left, hair in ampyx and sphendone, wearing single-pendant earring and pearl necklace; ˚-[@5] flanking neck; behind neck, prow left / Forepart of lion left; EUdWros and bee to left; all within incuse square. Hecatomnus 13a (A4/P13 – this coin, illustrated); HN Online 651; Boston MFA Supp. 190 = SNG Lockett 2366 = Pozzi 2589 (same obv. die); SNG Keckman 165 (same obv. die). Toned, light patches of find patina, some minor roughness, a hint of smoothing. Good VF. Very rare, one of only ten tetradrachms of this magistrate known for this issue. ($5000) Ex G. Hirsch 169 (20 February 1991), lot 431.

711. CARIA, Knidos. Circa 395-380 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 14.58 g, 11h). Timoteles, magistrate. Head of Aphrodite left, hair in ampyx and sphendone; ˚-@ flanking neck; behind neck, prow left / Forepart of lion left; t5ÂotE[¬˙s] below; all within incuse square. Hecatomnus 22 (A7/P22); HNO –; SNG Keckman –; Hunt IV 380 (same dies). Lightly toned, some horn silver, light roughness and granularity. Good VF. Rare. ($3000) From the Weise Collection, purchased from Gorny & Mosch, 22 April 2016.

712. CARIA, Knidos. Circa 350-330/20 BC. AR Drachm (15.5mm, 2.60 g, 12h). Autokrates, magistrate. Head of Aphrodite right, wearing stephane, triple pendant earring, and necklace / Forepart of lion right; ÅUto˚rÅt˙s to right, ˚@5 below. Ashton, Late 121 var. (V–/R191 [unlisted obv. die]); HN Online 310; SNG Ashmolean 106; BMC 41 (same rev. die). Attractive deep iridescent tone. Good VF. Exceptional for issue. ($1000) From the Weise Collection. Ex ArtCoins Roma 5 (14 May 2012), lot 233.

Ex Lockett and Pozzi Collection

713. SATRAPS of CARIA. Maussolos. Circa 377/6-353/2 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 15.25 g, 12h). Halikarnassos mint. Struck circa 370-360 BC. Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right; @ to left, ÂÅUssW¬¬o to right. Konuk, Identities 21; Babelon, Perses 397 var. (no monogram); HN Online 227; SNG von Aulock 2358; SNG Kayhan 873; SNG Lockett 2907 = Pozzi 2624 (this coin); BMC 8; Traité II 95. Lovely old collection tone, small die break on the obverse. EF. ($5000) From the G.W.H. Collection, purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. Ex Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Greek Part IV, Glendining, 21 February 1961), lot 2382; Prof. S. Pozzi Collection (Naville I, 14 March 1921), lot 2624.

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714. SATRAPS of CARIA. Maussolos. Circa 377/6-353/2 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 14.81 g, 1h). Halikarnassos mint. Struck circa 370-360 BC. Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right; @ to left, ÂÅUssW¬¬o to right. Konuk, Identities 21; Babelon, Perses 397 var. (no monogram); HN Online 227; SNG von Aulock 2358; SNG Kayhan 873; SNG Lockett 2907 = Pozzi 2624; BMC 8; Traité II 95. In NGC encapsulation 4372682-006, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5, Fine Style. ($3000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

715. SATRAPS of CARIA. Maussolos. Circa 377/6-353/2 BC. AR Tetradrachm (21mm, 15.20 g, 12h). Halikarnassos mint. Struck circa 370-360 BC. Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right; wreath to left, ÂÅUssW¬¬[o] to right. Konuk, Identities 21; Babelon, Perses 403; HN Online –; SNG von Aulock 2359 var. (no wreath, small O on rev.); SNG Kayhan 872 var. (no wreath, small O on rev.); BMC 6; Traité II 95. Toned, light marks on nose, minor die break on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the G.W.H. Collection. Ex Triton XVII (7 January 2014), lot 336.

Ex Prospero Collection

716. SATRAPS of CARIA. Hidrieus. Circa 351/0-344/3 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.84 g, 12h). Halikarnassos mint. Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys and inverted spear; small E between foot and spear, 5dr5EWs to right. Konuk, Identities 28; Babelon, Perses 405; HN Online 1399; Traité II 100; SNG von Aulock 8046 = SNG Lockett 2909 = Bement 1520 = Weber 6604; SNG Ashmolean 367; BMC 1; Propero 546 (this coin). In NGC encapsulation 4372682-005, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5, Fine Style. ($3000) From the Grand Haven Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics. Ex Prospero Collection (The New York Sale XXVII, 4 January 2012), lot 546.

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Late Classical Masterpiece - Cover of Triton XII

717. SATRAPS of CARIA. Pixodaros. Circa 341/0-336/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 15.25 g, 12h). Halikarnassos mint. Struck circa 341/0 BC. Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery at neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right; π5$odÅroU to right. Pixodarus 7–8 (unlisted dies); Konuk, Identities 29; Babelon, Perses –; HN Online 1.1 (this coin, illustrated); SNG Keckman –; SNG von Aulock 8047; SNG Copenhagen –; BMC –; Traité –. Beautiful deep iridescent tone. Superb EF. A masterpiece of late Classical engraving. Very rare denomination, and the finest known. ($50,000) Ex Baron Lorne Thyssen-Bornemisza & Dr. Thomas S. Kaplan Joint Collection (Numismatica Genevensis SA IX, 14 December 2015), lot 61; Triton XII (6 January 2009), lot 325 and front cover coin. As part of the Achaemenid Empire, Caria in the fourth century BC was under the rule of a family of semi-independent satraps known as the Hekatomnids after the dynasty’s founder, Hekatomnos. Born in Mylasa, Hekatomnos was appointed satrap of Caria by Artaxerxes II after the fall of Tissaphernes in 392/1 BC and was later given control of Miletos in 386 BC. Interested in Hellenic culture (and possibly hedging his diplomatic bets), Hekatomnos sent his youngest son, Pixodaros, to Athens as part of a deputation; his older son, Maussolos, was bound by xenia, or guest friendship, with Agesilaus, king of Sparta. Hekatomnos died in 377/6 BC and was succeeded by Maussolos. When Maussolus died in 353/2 BC, his sister-wife, Artemisia, succeeded him. Her rule, however, was short-lived, and in 351/0 BC power passed to Hidrieus, Artemisia’s brother and the second son of Hekatomnos. Hidrieus’ reign was also relatively short-lived, as he contracted a disease and died in 344/3 BC. Rule then passed to another sister, Ada. In 341/0 BC, Pixodarus, the youngest son of Hekatomnos, overthrew his sister, Ada, possibly aided by the external support of the Persian commander of Asia Minor, Mentor of Rhodes. This usurpation did little to endear the new satrap to Artaxerxes III, who had recently approved Ada’s appointment following the death of her husband, Hidrieus. Ada, nevertheless, continued to receive support from the countryside, and still held the city of Alinda. As a result, Caria was thrown into turmoil and hesitated to support Persia following the invasion of the Macedonians under Parmenion in 336 BC. This non-support of their nominal overlord was also compounded by the secret negotiations of alliance that Pixodaros had been conducting with the Macedonian king. In 337 BC, Pixodaros attempted a marriage between one of his daughters and the future Philip III Arridaios. Believing himself overlooked, Philip’s elder son, Alexander III, sent a private embassy to Halikarnassos, asking for the hand of the same princess. When word of this reached Philip II, he cancelled the Macedonian-Carian alliance. Pixodaros died of natural causes in 336/5 BC, and was succeeded by Orontobates, an otherwise unknown Persian, who apparently married the princess Pixodarus had attempted to betroth to Philip III. The fate of Orontobates is uncertain, but after Caria was conquered by Alexander III in 332 BC, the Macedonian king made diplomatic overtures to Ada, and reappointed her as satrap. While the didrachms of Pixodaros are fairly common, his tetradrachms are rare, with only a handful known, even following the discovery of the Pixodarus Hoard, which added a mere 18 tetradrachms to the corpus. While many of these coins exhibit the same insipid style that became prevalent in the coins of Hidrieus, the present example displays a style of rare exuberance and vitality, both in the countenance of the facing head of Apollo on the obverse and in the stoic figure of Zeus Labraundos on the reverse. As this coin does not have the small E on the reverse, between the leg of Zeus and his scepter, which was apparently a carry-over from the coins of Hidreius, this suggests that these dies were engraved at a latter period during Pixodaros’ reign, and evidently by a new, highly talented artist. This later date is also suggested by the fact that no examples from these dies were present in the Pixodarus hoard, which is believed to have been deposited near the middle of his reign. The rarity of the tetradrachms also suggests that they were produced at a much smaller scale than the didrachms, and probably were struck for special occasions.

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718. SATRAPS of CARIA. Pixodaros. Circa 341/0-336/5 BC. AR Didrachm (22mm, 6.68 g, 11h). Halikarnassos mint. Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery at neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right; π5$odÅroU to right. Pixodarus 14 (A1/P4); Konuk, Identities 30; Babelon, Perses 414–21; HN Online 241; SNG Keckman 280; SNG von Aulock 2375–6; SNG Copenhagen 597; BMC 5–7; Traité II 111. Toned, patch of find patina, light roughness, light graffito in field on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection, purchased from Sovereign Rarities. Ex Shirley Hanberry Collection (Goldberg 96, 14 February 2017), lot 1734, purchased from Dr. Arnold Saslow.

719. ISLANDS off CARIA, Kos. Circa 280-250 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 14.93 g, 12h). Timoxenos, magistrate. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Crab; ˚W5o@ above, t5Âo$E@o% and club below; all within dotted square. Requier Group II, Series 2, 25a (D7/R22) = Ingvaldsen Issue XIV, 29a (O10/R24) = Stefanaki Issue 17, 789 (this coin); HGC 6, 1308, otherwise unpublished with this magistrate. Toned. Good VF. Unique, the only known example with this magistrate. ($2500) From the Weise Collection. Ex MoneyMuseum, Zurich Collection (Triton XVIII, 5 January 2015), lot 674; Elsen FPL 212 (March 2000), no. 71; Elsen FPL 208 (October/November 2000), no. 100; Elsen FPL 202 (January/February 1999), no. 99; Elsen FPL 200 (August-October 1998), no. 148; Elsen FPL 193 (September 1997), no. 53; Elsen FPL 189 (March 1997), no. 57; Elsen FPL 184 (August/September 1996), no. 60; Elsen FPL 176 (October/November 1995), no. 41; Elsen FPL 174 (August 1995), no. 19; Elsen 32 (11 December 1993), lot 98; Elsen 30 (12 June 1993), lot 103.

720. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Kamiros. Circa 550-500 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-fourth Stater (7.5mm, 0.65 g). Fig leaf / Incuse square. HGC 6, 1379 (this coin illustrated); SNG Copenhagen 710; SNG Keckman –; BMC 1; Bement 1542; Weber 6703. Lightly toned. VF. Very rare. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 75 (23 May 2007), lot 415; Lanz 1313 (27 November 2006), lot 375.

721. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Kamiros. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Stater (18mm, 12.22 g). Fig leaf / Rectangular incuse divided lengthwise by a thick band. HGC 6, 1382; SNG von Aulock 2779; SNG Keckman 317; Asyut 699; Boston MFA 2029; Dewing 2396. Deep cabinet tone, slightly off center on obverse. VF. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 578.

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722. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Circa 229-205 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.43 g, 11h). Ameinias, magistrate. Radiate head of Helios facing slightly right / Rose with bud to right; rod5o@ above; to left, prow right; ÅÂE5@5Å% flanking stem. Ashton 212; HN Online 387; HGC 6, 1432; SNG Copenhagen 759; SNG Keckman 542; SNG von Aulock 2799. Lightly toned, a little off center on reverse. EF. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

723. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Circa 229-205 BC. AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.51 g, 12h). Akesis, magistrate. Radiate head of Helios facing slightly right / Rose with bud to right; rod5o@ above; to left, Apollo Kitharoidos standing right; [Å]˚Es-5s flanking stem. Ashton 222; HN Online 389; HGC 6, 1440; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Keckman 567; SNG von Aulock 2805. Attractive light toning, slightly off center on reverse. EF. Excellent facing head of Helios. A wonderful coin in hand. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection, purchased from Pars Coins. Ex Lanz 163 (7 December 2016), lot 115 (hammer €1000).

724. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Circa 229-205 BC. AR Didrachm (20.5mm, 6.78 g, 12h). Anaxandros, magistrate. Radiate head of Helios facing slightly right / Rose with bud to right; Å@Å$Å@dros above, shield to left, r-o flanking stem. Ashton 223; HN Online 393; HGC 6, 1440; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Keckman 572 var. (symbol); SNG von Aulock 2805. Attractive iridescent tone, minor die rust on obverse. Superb EF. ($1500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 116 (1 October 2019), lot 192 (hammer 1700 CHF); Künker 182 (14 March 2011), lot 307.

725. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Early 1st century AD. Æ (33mm, 22.72 g, 12h). Sosthenes, magistrate. Radiate head of Helios facing / Rose seen from above; ro above, %W%QE@˙% below; all within oak wreath tying below. Ashton, Early 101; HN Online 1280; HGC 6, 1468 (this coin illustrated); SNG Copenhagen 871; SNG Keckman –; SNG von Aulock –. Lovely even dark green patina, some smoothing in fields. Good VF. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics.

122


Unpublished Amartite Stater

726. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Amartite. Circa 490/80-440/30 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 9.69 g). Zagaba mint. Crab / Triskeles; Ä-Ât˚l5-5Â[??]5t5 around; all in pelleted square border within incuse square. Cf. Müseler III 16 = Triton XVI, lot 507 = Reuter 24 (different rev. type; same obv. die); cf. Falghera 57 (same; same obv. die); otherwise, unpublished. Toned. Good VF. Unique with this reverse. ($7500)

727. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Teththiweibi. Circa 450-430/20 BC. AR Stater (19.5mm, 8.48 g). Shield decorated with two cocks standing confronted; i between / Tetraskeles; 2-t-t-e ((TE)-TH-TH-I in Lycian) clockwise around; all in dotted square within incuse square. Müseler V 36 var. (legend); Falghera 140 var. (same); SNG Copenhagen 20 var. (same); SNG von Aulock 4158 var. = Reuter 63 var. (same); Traité –. Toned, some die wear, a few marks. VF. Rare legend variety. ($750) From the JTB Collection.

728. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Kherei. Circa 410-390 BC. AR Stater (18mm, 8.54 g, 4h). Pilleñni (Pinara) mint. Head of Athena right, wearing hoop earring, linear necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with spiral palmette and three olive leaves; ef (XE in Lycian) behind neck guard / Bearded head of Kherei right, wearing kyrbasia; EVf¬¬EP (PILLEWI in retrograde Lycian) to left and below, efrgCf (KhERÊHE in Lycian) to right; all in dotted circle within incuse circle. Mørkholm & Zahle II 43–5 var. (legend); Müseler VI, 50–1 (same dies); Falghera 172 var. (legend); SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen Suppl. 449 var. (same). Attractive cabinet tone. Good VF. Exceptional portrait of Kherei. ($2000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins (Bill Kalmbach), 2007.

729. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Kherei. Circa 410-390 BC. AR Stater (17.5mm, 8.49 g, 3h). Telebehi (Telmessos) mint. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with spiral palmette and three olive leaves; between neck guard and crest, t above j (TE in Lycian) / Bearded head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin; tf¬f∫fCE[Cf] (TELEBEHI[HE] in Lycian) to left, efrgE (KhERÊI in Lycian) to right; all within incuse square. Mørkholm & Zahle II 52 = SNG Copenhagen Supp. 451 var. (letters on obv.); Müseler VI, 62–4 (same dies); Falghera –; Reuter –; SNG von Aulock 4198 var. (same); Sunrise 79 (same dies); Triton XX, lot 319 (same dies); Triton XVIII, lot 683 (same dies). Toned, struck with worn obverse die. Good VF. Exceptional portrait of Herakles. ($2000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins (Bill Kalmbach), 2007.

123


Pre-Hellenistic Portraiture

730. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Mithrapata. Circa 390-370 BC. AR Stater (25mm, 9.73 g, 10h). Forepart of lion right / Head of Mithrapata left; µEtR®-π®T® (MITHRAPATA in Lycian) around, triskeles to lower right; all within incuse square. Mildenberg, Mithrapata 3 (dies 2/2); Podalia 37–40 (A2/P2); Müseler VII 66–9 (same dies); Reuter 98 (same obv. die); Falghera –; SNG Copenhagen Supp. 472 var. (arrangement of letters); SNG Ashmolean 1200 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 4237 (same dies). Toned, minor porosity. EF. Well centered, with an exemplary portrait and lion. ($3000) Ex Weise Collection; CNG inventory 763572 (January 2006). The portraits on coins in the later Lycian series are among the finest of the Classical period. Among the earliest to attempt depictions of their rulers on coinage, the Lycians’ first portraits in the later 5th century BC were innovative, but static, idealized forms lacking individual characterization. Over the next half-century, however, the style progressed significantly toward realism, culminating in the issues of the dynasts Mithrapata and Perikles in the early-mid 4th century BC. The coins of Mithrapata came first, depicting on their reverse the profile portrait of a man with distinctive elderly features. Through the relative chronology established in L. Mildenberg’s die study, one can even see the portrait become more aged as time progressed, reflecting the realism that had been captured in these issues. The coins of Perikles, Mithrapata’s successor, continue this trend. Interestingly, both Mithrapata and Perikles are depicted without any sort of satrapal headgear, which was always included in earlier Lycian portraits, perhaps indicating that they had declared their independence from the Persian king. Unfortunately, these astonishing developments in portraiture came to an abrupt end in Lycia when Maussollos of Caria invaded the region circa 360 BC.

731. PAMPHYLIA, Aspendos. Circa 420-410 BC. AR Stater (24mm, 10.65 g, 11h). Two wrestlers grappling / Slinger in throwing stance right; [Es]tVEÅ[55Us] (sic) to left, counterclockwise triskeles of legs to right; all within dotted square border in shallow incuse square; five countermarks around: clockwise triskeles within incuse circle, quadruped standing left within incuse rectangle, janiform head within incuse circle, facing lion head(?) within incuse circle, and a geometric design within a conforming incuse. Tekin Series 1; SNG BN 48 (same dies); SNG Pfälzer 2; SNG von Aulock –; Boston MFA 2096. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($1000) From the JTB Collection. Ex Peus 405 (2 November 2011), lot 2293.

732. PAMPHYLIA, Aspendos. Circa 400-380 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.87 g, 1h). Two wrestlers grappling / Slinger in throwing stance right; [Est]VEd55[Us] to left, clockwise triskeles of legs to right; all within dotted square border in shallow incuse square. Tekin Series 3; SNG BN 54 (same obv. die); SNG Pfälzer –; SNG von Aulock 5414–5. Wonderful deep iridescent tone, some minor weakness of strike. EF. Attractive in hand. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 554.

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Magnificent Pedigreed Selge Stater

733. PISIDIA, Selge. Circa 400-325 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 10.80 g, 11h). Two wrestlers grappling; EU between, inverted palmette in exergue / Slinger in throwing stance right; [s]E¬˝EUs to left, counterclockwise triskeles of legs to right, astragalos between legs; all within dotted square border in shallow incuse square. SNG BN 1923 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 236 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 5256 (this coin); ACGC 1007 (same obv. die). Beautiful iridescent cabinet tone. Superb EF. Perfectly centered and struck. Certainly the finest known stater of Selge. ($25,000) Ex Baron Lorne Thyssen-Bornemisza & Dr. Thomas S. Kaplan Joint Collection (Numismatica Genevensis SA IX, 14 December 2015), lot 64; Nomos FPL (with Classical Numismatic Group, Winter/Spring 2009), no. 85 (at $38,000); Leu 83 (6 May 2002), lot 359; Sotheby’s (5 July 1995), lot 82; Leu 38 (13 May 1986), lot 131; Hans von Aulock Collection.

734. PISIDIA, Selge. Circa 325-250 BC. AR Stater (25mm, 10.75 g, 12h). Two wrestlers grappling; Ŭ5 between / Herakles, nude, standing facing, head right, holding club overhead in right hand, lion skin over left arm; sE¬˝EW@ to left, o between legs; all within circular border of pellets. SNG BN 1936 = de Luynes 2769 (note: in SNG BN, photo of reverse switched with 1937); SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; BMC –; Imhoof-Blumer, KM 2, pl. XIV, 25; Münzen und Medaillen AG 90, lot 260. In NGC encapsulation 4379089-048, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Very rare. ($1000) Ex Heritage 3019 (26 April 2012), lot 23158.

735. CILICIA, Kelenderis. Circa 430-420 BC. AR Stater (18mm, 10.63 g, 6h). Nude youth, holding whip in left hand, right hand on bridle, dismounting from horse rearing left; π below horse’s belly / Goat kneeling left, head right; ˚E¬E above; all within shallow incuse circle. Casabonne Type 2; Celenderis Series II, 9 var. (O–/R5 [unlisted obv. die]); SNG BN 52; SNG Levante –; CNG E-432, lot 86 (same dies). Underlying luster. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($1500) From the JTB Collection.

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736. CILICIA, Mallos. Circa 440-390 BC. AR Stater (20.5mm, 10.34 g, 3h). Winged male figure advancing right, holding solar disk in both hands; [wn]rM (MRLW in Aramaic) to left, barley grain to right / Swan standing left; to left, grasshopper upward; Â-Å-¬-[r] to right; all within shallow incuse circle. Casabonne Type 4; SNG BN –; SNG Levante –; Traité II 1396, pl. CXXXVII, 21 = BMC 17 (same obv. die). Toned, minor die shift on reverse. Good VF. Fine style. Very rare. ($1500)

737 738 737. CILICIA, Mallos. Circa 385-375 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 10.41 g, 1h). Athena, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet and long chiton, seated left, holding grounded spear in right hand, left arm resting on shield at propped against her side; olive tree to right / Hermes, nude but for cloak tied at his neck and holding long kerykeion in right hand, standing facing beside Aphrodite, wearing long chiton and leaning half-left on pedestal to right, placing right hand on back of Hermes; ÂŬ to right. Casabonne Type 12; SNG BN 404 = de Luynes 2778 (same dies); SNG Levante 155; BMC 26; Traité II 1410. Attractively toned, with some iridescence, slight die wear. Good VF. ($1000) 738. CILICIA, Tarsos. Tarkumuwa (Datames). Satrap of Cilicia and Cappadocia, 384-361/0 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 10.78 g, 11h). Struck circa 380 BC. Female head facing slightly left, hair in ampyx, wearing single-pendant earring and necklace with seven pendants / Bearded head left, wearing crested Attic helmet, drapery around neck; ˝zb:RyÒ (blundered TRKMW in Aramaic) to left. Casabonne Series 1; Moysey Issue 4; SNG BN 277 var. (legend); SNG Levante 80 var. (same). Dark iridescent tone, some die wear, minor double strike on reverse. Good VF. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection.

739 740 739. CILICIA, Tarsos. Tarkumuwa (Datames). Satrap of Cilicia and Cappadocia, 384-361/0 BC. AR Stater (25mm, 10.48 g, 7h). Struck circa 375 BC. Baal of Tarsos seated right, torso facing, holding grain ear and grape bunch in extended right hand, cradling eagle-tipped scepter in left arm; zRtL`b (B’LTRZ in Aramaic) to left, thymiaterion in background to right; below throne, lion seated right; all within crenellated wall / Satrap, wearing Persian dress, testing arrow held in both hands seated right, seated right on diphros; wMdRt (TRKMW in Aramaic) to left, winged solar disk with volutes to upper right, bow to lower right; c/m: bull standing right within incuse square. Casabonne Series 2; Moysey Issue 6, obv. die 4; SNG BN 283; SNG Levante 85–8 var. (symbol below throne); McClean 3; Winterthur 4666 (same obv. die). Toned, small test cut on reverse. EF. Struck with artistic dies. ($1500) From the JTB Collection. Ex G. Hirsch 275 (22 September 2011), lot 3972; Lanz 24 (25 April 1983), lot 367.

740. CILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 10.77 g, 7h). Baal of Tarsos seated left, head and torso facing, holding eagle, grain ear, and grape bunch in extended right hand, lotus-tipped scepter in left; rt (TN in Aramaic) to left, M (M in Aramaic) below throne, zRtL`b (B’LTRZ in Aramaic) to right / Lion left, attacking bull left; ydzM (MZDY in Aramaic) above, å below. Casabonne Series 2, Group C; SNG BN –; SNG Levante 106; BMC –; Traité –. Lightly toned, slight die shift on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the JTB Collection. Ex New York Sale XXVIII (5 January 2012), lot 1030.

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Salome, Daughter of Herodias Cited by Josephus, Antiquities 18.5

741. KINGS of ARMENIA MINOR. Aristoboulos, with Salome. AD 54-92. Æ (20mm, 6.07 g, 11h). Dated RY 13 (AD 66/7). ∫å45¬EW4 år54to∫o¨¬o¨ Et 5˝, diademed and draped bust of Aristobulus left / ∫å45¬54-4˙4 4å¬oÂ˙4, diademed and draped bust of Salome left. Kovacs 300; Meshorer 365 corr. (date); Hendin 1257a; RPC I 3840 corr. (same); Triton XXIII, lot 456 (same obv. die [hammer $47,500]). Deep green-brown patina, with patches of red. EF. A superb example. Among the finest known. ($20,000) Salome is described in the Gospels (Matthew 14 and Mark 6) only as the daughter of Herodias, who asked Herod Antipas for the head of John the Baptist in return for his daughter’s risqué dance for the king. Salome’s name is supplied by Josephus in Antiquities 18.5, where he also informs us that she grew up to marry her great-uncle Philip the Tetrarch and, after Philip’s death, her cousin Aristoboulos, who is featured on the obverse of this coin and with whom Salome had three sons. Aristoboulos was the son of Herod V of Chalkis and great grandson of Herod I, and was appointed king of Armenia Minor in the first year of Nero’s reign. The present issue was struck in 66/7 CE (year 13 of Aristoboulos’ reign), the first year of the Jewish war and around 40 years since the execution of John the Baptist, which has been tentatively dated to some time between 25 and 29 CE. Hendin (5th ed., p. 275) suggests that Aristoboulos struck this issue for propagandistic and political purposes, in the first year of the war, as a show of loyalty to Rome and his patron Nero. When RPC was published, citing three known examples of this type, the date was off the flan on two pieces and the one example with partial date had been tentatively read as date Α or Η (RPC p. 570). Frank Kovacs subsequently discovered an example with a clear date 13 (Hendin p. 275, pl. 24, same obverse die as the present coin), and Kovacs’ opinion was that other reported dates were most likely mis-readings of that date. The publication of additional specimens has since confirmed Kovacs’ opinion, and it is now clear that all coins of this type are dated year 13.

742. KINGS of ARMENIA. Tigranes II ‘the Great’. 95-56 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 15.54 g, 12h). Tigranocerta mint. Struck circa 80-68 BC. Diademed and draped bust right, wearing tiara decorated with star between two eagles / [∫] Å%5¬EW% [t]5˝rÅ@oU, Tyche of Antioch seated right on rock, holding laurel branch in extended right hand; below, river-god Orontes swimming right; on rock, é above ·; all within wreath. Kovacs 75.1; SCADA Group 7, obv. die A55; M&D 9; CAA 33; AC 37. Toned, a little rough, slightly off center, a few marks. Good VF. ($1000) 127


743. KINGS of ARMENIA. Artavasdes II. 56-34 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.88 g, 6h). Artaxata mint. Dated RY 6 (51/0 BC). Diademed and draped bust right, wearing tiara decorated with star between two eagles, earring, and triple torque / ∫Å%5¬EW% ∫Å%5¬EW@ ÅrtÅUÅ%doU, crowned charioteer, holding reins and small Nike, who crowns him, in quadriga left; & to left, ? (date) above. SCADA Group 1, unlisted dies; Kovacs 163; M&D 113/A; CAA 130; AC 124. Lightly toned, small edge split, numerous cleaning scratches. VF. Very rare, SCADA records 15 drachms of Artavasdes II, of which 8 are in museum collections, with only four additional in CoinArchives. ($3000)

744. KINGS of COMMAGENE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. AD 38-72. Æ Tetrachalkon (22mm, 6.24 g, 12h). Uncertain mint. ∫Å%5 • ÂE˝Å% Å@t5oco% • E∏5 •, diademed and draped bust right / Capricorn right; ˚oÂÂÅ˝˙@W@ and star above, anchor below; all within laurel wreath. Kovacs 256; RPC I 3855; AC 205. Dark green patina, with a couple spots of light green. EF. Well centered and struck. Exceptional for issue. ($300)

745. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. As satrap, 321-315 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.55 g, 10h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing triple-crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a serpent, single pendant earring, and necklace / [∫Å]-s5¬EWs ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand, cradling stylis in left arm; µ5 below left wing, ¶ below right wing. SC 81.2 var. (pellet in rho of monogram); Price 3748 var. (same); HGC 9, 3a; SNG Saroglos 166–8 var. (same); Triton XVI, lot 536; Gorny & Mosch 203, lot 143; Roma II, lot 355. Underlying luster, slightly off center. Near EF. ($3000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from A. Kosoff, 27 July 1965. Reportedly ex Jules Furthman Collection.

746. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.20 g, 3h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Carrhae mint. Struck circa 310-295 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / ∫Ås5¬EWs ŬE$Å@droU, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, MO above fish left; M below throne. SC 41.4a; WSM 13, obv. die A12; Price 3822 (same dies as illustration); HGC 9, 10a. Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, April 1999.

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747. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 4.20 g, 5h). Seleukeia on the Tigris I mint. Struck circa 300-296/5 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / ∫Å%5¬EW% %E¬EU˚oU, Zeus Nikephoros seated left; @o in right field, % below throne. SC 122; ESM –; HGC 9, 31d; SNG Spaer 125; Meydancikkale 2875. Toned, slight roughness, traces of granularity on obverse, a few light marks. Good VF. Rare. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex ArtCoins Roma 7 (20 May 2013), lot 275.

748 749 748. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.12 g, 9h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint II. Struck circa 296/5-281 BC. Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / ∫Ås5¬EWs sE¬EU˚oU, Athena, brandishing spear overhead in right hand, shield on left arm, in quadriga of elephants right; anchor above, Q between shield and elephants. SC 131.7; ESM 90; HGC 9, 32a; Sunrise 173 (this coin). Light porosity, slight die shift on obverse. VF. ($1000) From the TAB Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 128, purchased from Harlan J. Berk.

749. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 3.12 g, 9h). Susa mint. Struck circa 305/4-295 BC. Head of hero (Alexander or Seleukos?) right, wearing helmet covered with panther skin and adorned with the ear and horns of a bull / [∫Å%5¬EW%] %E¬EU˚oU, Nike standing right, holding in both hands a wreath that she places on trophy to right; ˙ to lower left, Åc in lower middle field. SC 174.5; Marest-Caffey Group 2.5, 239 (A17/P20) = ESMS pl. 33, A (this coin); ESMS S-31; ESM 418; HGC 9, 34. Lightly toned, a couple of light marks under tone. Good VF. ($1500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 97 (12 December 2016), lot 301; Hess-Divo 329 (17 November 2015), lot 109; Helios I (17 April 2008), lot 167; Leu 77 (11 May 2000), lot 364; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 554 (May 1992), no. 40; Leu 53 (21 October 1991), lot 221; ‘Fratakara’ Hoard, 1986 (CH IX 481).

750. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 3.95 g, 4h). Uncertain mint 18, in Areia, Margiana, or Baktria. Horned and bridled head of horse right / ∫Ås5¬EWs sE¬EU˚oU, anchor. SC 256.2; ESM 752; HGC 9, 40; Sunrise 179 (this coin). Lightly toned, some horn silver. Good VF. Very rare. ($3000) From the TAB Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 134; Classical Numismatic Group 66 (19 May 2004), lot 668.

Very Rare Drangiana Drachm

751. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. Joint reign with Seleukos I, 294-281 BC. AR Drachm (15mm, 4.15 g, 12h). Uncertain mint in Drangiana. Head of hero (Alexander or Seleukos?) right, wearing helmet covered with panther skin and adorned with the ear and horns of a bull / Nike standing right erecting trophy; pseudo-legend at sides. SC 226a; Houghton, Notes, pl. 2, 2; HGC 9, 36; cf. Senior A14.1D (listed as an imitation). Toned, typical compact flan. Near EF. Very rare. ($750) 129


Powerful Portrait of Seleukos I

752. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.82 g, 6h). Sardes mint. Struck circa 276-274/1 BC. Diademed and horned head of Seleukos I right / Apollo Delphios, nude, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand holding tip of bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; Ø to inner left, z in exergue. SC 323.2b; WSM 1366; HGC 9, 130; Jameson 2344. Toned, trace deposits, some porosity and scratches on reverse. VF. Powerful, lifelike portrait of Seleukos. ($3000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 67 (22 September 2004), lot 848. Shortly after his death in 281 BC, Seleukos I Nikator, the founder of the Seleukid dynasty, was deified by his son and heir, Antiochos I. Almost immediately, Antiochos struck coins at a mint in Baktria bearing the portrait of his deceased father, to whose portrait was added a bull’s horn. This feature recalled a famous incident while Nikator served as a companion of Alexander the Great. In this event, Nikator barehandedly subdued a bull that had been brought for sacrifice, after it had broke loose from its restraints. This horn became a standard feature of all the posthumous portraits of Seleukos I. In 276 BC, Antiochos moved his residence from Baktria to Sardes, in order to deal with new threats arising in the West. Newell originally thought that the Seleukos portrait issues at Sardes began early in the reign of Antiochos I, contemporary with the Baktrian issues. However, later studies have suggested that the Alexander type tetradrachms in the name of Antiochos began first, and the Seleukos portraits followed, likely beginning once Antiochos took residence there.

753. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.18 g, 5h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t-5ocoU, Apollo Delphios, nude, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand holding tip of bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; , to outer left, A to outer right. SC 379.1; ESM 143; HGC 9, 128g; Rhousopoulos 4433 (same obv. die). Lightly toned. Good VF. High relief. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex MNL Collection, purchased from Baldwin’s; Andre Constantine Dimitriadis Collection (Heritage 3035, 3 September 2014), lot 23293; Coin Galleries (15 April 1992), lot 227.

754. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 17.11 g, 4h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t5ocoU, Apollo Delphios, nude, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand holding tip of bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; Û to outer left, ° to outer right. SC 379.3c; ESM 155; CSE 952; HGC 9, 128g; Jameson 1668; Pozzi 2932. Toned, tiny flan flaw on obverse, light cleaning marks on reverse. EF. High relief portrait. ($1000) From the Weise Collection. Ex CNG inventory 709682 (December 1998); Giessener Münzhandlung 92 (20 November 1998), lot 268.

130


755

756

755. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 4.28 g, 12h). Magnesia on the Maeander mint. Diademed head of Antiochos I right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@-t5ocoU, Apollo Delphios, nude, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand holding tip of bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; ∞ to outer left. SC 541.1a; WSM 1475, Type A, α (same dies); HGC 9, 248; Pozzi 2941. Very lightly toned, minor marks, slight die shift on reverse. Good VF. Very rare. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Heritage 3064 (20 April 2018), lot 32195.

756. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 4.18 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet / ∫Ås5¬EWs sE-¬EU˚oU, Apollo standing left, testing arrow in his extended right hand, left hand on bow set on ground to right; ™ to outer left, ´ to outer right. SC 691.1; Le Rider, Antioche 3-4 (A1/P2); HGC 9, 310a (same obv. die as illustration); Sunrise 185 (this coin). Attractively toned, a couple minor die breaks on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 141; Freeman & Sear 14 (21 June 2007), lot 270.

Published Antiochos Hierax Drachm Ex MNL and Houghton Collections

757. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos Hierax. Circa 242-227 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 4.16 g, 1h). Magnesia on the Maeander mint(?). Diademed head of Antiochos II right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t-5ocoU, Apollo Delphios, drapery around legs, seated left on omphalos, testing bow in right hand, resting left hand on ompalos; 5 to outer left, : to outer right. SC 909 (this coin referenced and illustrated); CSE 620 (this coin); HGC 9, 408 (this coin illustrated). Deep gray tone with slight iridescence, hairline flan crack, a few marks and light deposits. Near EF. Extremely rare. ($5000) From the TAB Collection. Ex MNL Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 109, 12 September 2018), lot 252; Roma E-Sale 34 (18 February 2017), lot 117; Arthur Houghton Collection (Leu 45, 26 May 1988), lot 262; Kastner 6 (26 November 1974), lot 175.

Ex MNL, Rider, Wilkinson, Lockett, and Pozzi Collections

758. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos III ‘the Great’. 222-187 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 17.25 g, 12h). Tarsos mint. Struck circa 223-211 BC. Diademed head right (Type Aii) / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t-5ocoU, Apollo Delphios, nude, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand holding tip of bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; to outer left, S above torch; 1 to outer right, club in exergue. SC 1026.3; WSM 1263ε = SNG Lockett 3115 = Pozzi 2949 (this coin); HGC 9, 447r; Walcher de Molthein 2910 (same dies). Toned, a few cleaning marks under the tone. VF. ($3000) Ex MNL Collection (Triton XXII, 7 January 2019), lot 308; Dennis Rider Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 375, 1 June 2016), lot 433; Dr. J. S. Wilkinson Collection (Malter 49, 15 November 1992), lot 869; Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Greek Part IV, Glendining, 21 February 1961), lot 2573; Prof. S. Pozzi Collection (Naville I, 14 March 1921), lot 2949.

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759. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios I Soter. 162-150 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.02 g, 10h). Ekbatana mint. Series 2. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% d˙µ˙t[r5oU %Wt˙ro%], Apollo Delphios, nude, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand holding tip of bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; no control marks. SC 1735.3b; Le Rider, Suse, p. 336, C 23; HGC 9, 803a; Sunrise 200 (this coin). Toned, a little die wear on obverse. EF. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 159.

760. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Alexander I Balas. 152-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 14.01 g, 12h). Tyre mint. Dated SE 163 (150/49 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / ∫Å%5¬EW% ŬE$Å@droU, eagle standing left on prow left; palm frond behind; to left, club surmounted by i; to right, ˝$r (date) above Å1. SC 1835.2c; Newell, Tyre 60; Rouvier 1857; HGC 9, 883; DCA 123. Lightly toned, some minor porosity. EF. ($500) From the Grand Haven Collection, purchased from Civitas Galleries.

761 762 761. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 4.19 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 168 (145/4 BC). Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬[EW%] d˙µ˙tr[5oU] QEoU f52Åd-E2foU @5˚Åt-oro%, Apollo Delphios, nude, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand holding tip of bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; star to outer left, ˜ to inner right, 8 between legs, [˙$r (date) in exergue]. SC 1908.6f; SMA –; HGC 9, 976d; DCA 156. Trace deposits, cleaning scratches on obverse. EF. ($500) From the TAB Collection.

762. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.11 g, 12h). Seleukeia in Pieria mint (probably). Diademed head right / [∫Å]%5¬EW% d˙µ˙tr5oU [@]5˚Åtoro%, upright anchor; lotus flower to inner left. SC 1927.1; HGC 9, 982; SNG Spaer 1634–5. Underlying luster, slightly off center. EF. ($1500) From the TAB Collection, purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd.

763. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VI Dionysos. 144-142 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.79 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 170 (143/2 BC). Radiate and diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t5ocoU E∏5fÅ@oU% d5o@U%oU, the Dioskouroi, holding reins in right hand and couched lances in left, on horses rearing left; to right, trU above – above %tÅ; or (date) below; all within wreath of laurel, ivy, and grain ears. SC 2000.3d; SMA 242; HGC 9, 1032; DCA 178; Sunrise 208 (this coin). Lightly toned, a little die wear on obverse. Good VF. ($2000) Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 166; Hess-Leu 45 (12 May 1970), lot 350.

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764. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VI Dionysos. 144-142 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 4.13 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 169 (144/3 BC). Radiate and diademed head right / [∫Å]%5¬[EW%] Å@t5ocoU E∏5fÅ-@oU% d5o@U-%oU, Apollo Delphios, nude, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand holding tip of bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; K between legs, [Q]$r (date) and %t[Å] in exergue. SC 2002.1b; SMA 238; HGC 9, 1036a; DCA 182. Lightly toned, a few light scratches and minor die wear on obverse, area of minor roughness on reverse. EF. ($500) From the TAB Collection, purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd.

765. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VI Dionysos. 144-142 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.16 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Undated issue, struck circa 143-142 BC. Radiate and diademed head right / [∫]Å%5¬EW% Å@t5ocoU E∏5fÅ@ oU% d5o@U%oU, spiked Macedonian helmet with cheek guards, adorned with wild goat’s horn above visor; trU above helmet, X to lower right. SC 2003a; SMA –; HGC 9, 1037; Sunrise 209 (this coin). Lightly toned. Near EF. Very rare. ($1500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 168.

766. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Tryphon. Circa 142-138 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.92 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% trUfW@o% ÅUto˚rÅtoro%, spiked Macedonian helmet with cheek guards, adorned with wild goat’s horn above visor; w to inner left, `˝ below; all within oak wreath. SC 2031.3b; Seyrig p. 22, 5 and pl. I, 15 (same dies); SMA –; CSE 257; HGC 9, 1055. Toned, minor die flaw in field on obverse, slightly off center and light scuff on reverse. Near EF. Choice portrait of short-lived king. Very rare. ($5000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 61 (25 September 2002), lot 841; Tkalec & Rauch (16 November 1987), lot 153.

767. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Tryphon. Circa 142-138 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 4.24 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% trUfW@o% [Å]Uto˚rÅtoro%, spiked Macedonian helmet with cheek guards, adorned with wild goat’s horn above visor; 1 to inner left. SC 2033g; Seyrig p. 22, 15; SMA 270; CSE –; HGC 9, 1060. Attractively toned, slightly off center on reverse. EF. ($2000) From the TAB Collection. Ex Nomos 2 (18 May 2010), lot 133.

133


768 769 768. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 3.98 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck 129-128 BC. Diademed head right / [∫]Å%5¬EW% d˙µ˙tr5oU QEoU [@]5˚Åtoro[%], Zeus Nikephoros seated left; $ to outer left, d below throne. SC 2168.2a; Schwei Group 9, 38 (a4/p23) = Sunrise 214 (this coin); SMA 323; HGC 9, 1127a. Hairline flan crack. Good VF. Very rare. ($1500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 177; Peus 351 (25 April 1997), lot 304; Numismatic Fine Arts XX (9 November 1988), lot 790.

769. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.99 g, 12h). Unattributed issue from northern Syria. Struck 129 BC. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% d˙µ˙tr5oU QEoU @5˚Åtoro[%], Zeus Nikephoros seated left; no control marks. SC 2178; SMA 324; CSE 290; HGC 9, 1128c. Deep old collection tone, with some iridescence, a couple of minor flan cracks. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan. Very rare. ($1000) From the TAB Collection. Ex Nomos 15 (22 October 2017), lot 182 (erroneously attributed to Antioch mint); LHS 102 (29 April 2008), lot 313; Leu 81 (16 May 2001), lot 343; Dr. Feori Pipito Collection (Superior, 12 December 1987), lot 522.

770 771 770. PHOENICIA, Sidon. Ba`alšillem (Sakton) II. Circa 401-365 BC. AR Dishekel (29mm, 27.74 g, 11h). Dated RY 36 (366 BC). Phoenician galley left; B (B in Phoenician) above, waves below / Persian king, raising right hand, and driver, holding reins, in chariot left; to right, king of Sidon, in Egyptian style garments, holding cultic scepter in right hand, walking left; ‹‹‹ ‹‹‹ 0∂ (“33” in Aramaic [date]) above. E&E-S Group IV.1.1.f, 683 (D44/R63); Betlyon –; Rouvier –; HGC 10, 236; DCA 846. Lightly toned, slightly off center on obverse. VF. Clear date. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 50 (23 June 1999), lot 928.

771. PHOENICIA, Sidon. 107/6 BC-AD 43/4. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 13.75 g, 1h). Dated RY 12 (100/99 BC). Veiled, draped, and turreted bust of Tyche right, wearing single-pendant earring and pearl necklace / Eagle standing left on ram of galley left; palm frond in background; to left, l 5∫ (date) above E5; %5dW@5W@ to right. Levy p. 329 (this coin referenced); HGC 10, 275; de Clercq 359. Lightly toned, underlying luster, faint cleaning marks and a patch of porosity on obverse. EF. Rare. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Auctions XVI (16 August 1991), lot 205.

E&E-T and HGC Plate Coin

772. PHOENICIA, Tyre. Uncertain king. Circa 425-394 BC. AR Shekel (23.5mm, 13.65 g, 2h). Melkart, holding bow in extended left hand and reins in right, riding hippocamp right; below, waves above dolphin right / Owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail diagonally in background. E&E-T Group II.1.1.1.a, 288 (O26/R22 – this coin); Betlyon 17; Rouvier 1788; HGC 10, 315 (this coin illustrated); BMC 19-22. Toned, edge splits, some porosity and graffito (Phoenician “aleph”) on reverse. Good VF. Exceptional for issue. ($1000) Ex CNG Inventory 951894 (June 2013); Spink Numismatic Circular CXII.2 (April 2004), no. GK 1230; Classical Numismatic Group 63 (21 May 2003), lot 675.

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773. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (27mm, 14.23 g, 12h). Dated CY 4 (123/2 BC). Bust of Melkart right, wearing laurel wreath, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, ld (date) above club; # and b (Phoenician B) between legs; tUroU 5Er&% ˚&5 &%U¬oU around. DCA-Tyre 10; Rouvier 1957; HGC 10, 357; DCA 919; BMC 51; Hunt II 606 (this coin). Attractive light toning. EF. Fine style head of Melkart. ($2000) From the Batory Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 66 (17 October 2012), lot 72; Nelson Bunker Hunt Collection (Part II, Sotheby’s, 21 June 1990), lot 606.

774 775 774. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (27.5mm, 14.21 g, 1h). Dated CY 20 (107/6 BC). Bust of Melkart right, wearing laurel wreath, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, l˚ (date) above club; Ê to right; Å (Phoenician A) between legs; tUroU 5Er&% ˚&5 &%U¬oU around. DCA-Tyre 57 (same obv. die as illustration); Rouvier 1997 var. (letter between legs); HGC 10, 357; DCA 919; BMC 91–2. Lightly toned, light scratches, surfaces a bit pitted. EF. ($1000) 775. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (28mm, 14.42 g, 1h). Dated CY 40 (87/6 BC). Bust of Melkart right, wearing laurel wreath, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, l (date) above club; d to right, b (Phoenician B) between legs; tUroU 5Er&% ˚&5 &%U¬oU around. DCA-Tyre 144; Rouvier –; HGC 10, 357; DCA 919; BMC –. Lightly toned. EF. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Patrick H. C. Tan Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 97, 17 September 2014), lot 312; Classical Numismatic Group 75 (23 May 2007), lot 488.

777 776 776. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (29mm, 14.36 g, 12h). Dated CY 48 (79/8 BC). Bust of Melkart right, wearing laurel wreath, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, ˙Â (date) above club; d to right, a (A in Phoenician) between legs; tUroU 5Er`% ˚`5 `%U¬oU around. DCA-Tyre 170; Rouvier 2032 var. (letter between legs); HGC 10, 357; DCA 919; BMC –. In NGC encapsulation 4279465-002, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1500) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection. Ex Heritage 3073 (25 April 2019), lot 30182.

777. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (27mm, 13.80 g, 11h). Dated CY 87 (40/39 BC). Bust of Melkart right, wearing laurel wreath, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, ∏Z (date) above club; Ć to right, [Phoenician letter between legs]. Cf. DCA-Tyre 293; cf. Rouvier 2066; RPC I 4681A; HGC 10, 358; DCA 921. In NGC encapsulation 4278912-002, graded Ch AU, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1000) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection. Ex Heritage 3073 (25 April 2019), lot 30185.

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778 779 778. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (26mm, 14.14 g, 12h). Lifetime of Christ issue. Dated CY 146 (AD 20/1). Bust of Melkart right, wearing laurel wreath, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, rÂ? (date) above club; to right, ˚r above ÷; Å (A in Phoenician) between legs; t¨ro¨ 5Er`% [˚]`5 `%¨¬o¨ around. DCA-Tyre 525 var. (letter between legs); Rouvier –; RPC I 4659; HGC 10, 357; DCA 920; BMC 201. Toned, light deposits. Good VF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton XVI (8 Jan 2013), lot 565.

779. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (23mm, 14.03 g, 1h). Dated CY 172 (AD 46/7). Bust of Melkart right, wearing laurel wreath, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, ro∫ (date) above club; to right, ˚r above E˘; b between legs; [t¨ro¨ 5Er`%] ˚`5 `%[¨¬o¨] around. DCA-Tyre 645 (same dies as illustration); Rouvier –; RPC I 4672; HGC 10, 357; DCA 920. Lightly toned, typical compact flan. EF. Well struck for this late period. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Patrick H. C. Tan Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 710.

780. JUDAEA, Jewish War. 66-70 CE. AR Shekel (22.5mm, 13.75 g, 11h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 1 (66/7 CE). Omer cup; ! (“1” in Hebrew = date) above, pellets flanking; L!Rc¥ LQc (“Shekel of Israel” in Hebrew) around / Sprig of three pomegranates; YcrQ 2Lcur¥ (“Jerusalem [the] holy” in Hebrew) around. Deutsch 23 (O8/R17); Meshorer 187; Kadman 2; Hendin 1354; Bromberg 371 (same dies); Shoshana II 20106 (same dies); Sofaer 2 (same dies); Spaer 163 (same dies). Lightly toned, slightly off center on reverse. EF. Excellent metal. ($10,000)

781. JUDAEA, Jewish War. 66-70 CE. AR Shekel (22mm, 14.21 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 2 (67/8 CE). Omer cup; @c (“Y[ear] 2” in Hebrew = date) above, L!Rc¥ LQc (“Shekel of Israel” in Hebrew) around / Sprig of three pomegranates; YcurQY 2¥Lcur¥ (“Jerusalem the holy” in Hebrew) around. Deutsch 69 (O5/R66); Meshorer 193; Kadman 8; Hendin 1358; Bromberg 64 (same obv. die); Shoshana I 20202 (same obv. die); Sofaer 7–8; Spaer 167–8. In NGC encapsulation 4625335-001, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($5000)

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782. JUDAEA, Jewish War. 66-70 CE. AR Shekel (23mm, 14.10 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 2 (67/8 CE). Omer cup; @c (“Y[ear] 2” in Hebrew = date) above, L!Rc¥ LQc (“Shekel of Israel” in Hebrew) around / Sprig of three pomegranates; YcurQY 2¥Lcur¥ (“Jerusalem the holy” in Hebrew) around. Deutsch 123–36 var. (O9/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Meshorer 193; Kadman 8; Hendin 1358; Bromberg 376; Shoshana I 20202–3; Sofaer 7–8; Spaer 167–8. Minor flan flaw on obverse. EF. Well centered and struck, excellent metal. ($5000)

783. JUDAEA, Jewish War. 66-70 CE. AR Shekel (22mm, 14.13 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 3 (68/9 CE). Omer cup; Gc (“Y[ear] 3” in Hebrew = date) above, L!Rc¥ LQc (“Shekel of Israel” in Hebrew) around / Sprig of three pomegranates; YcurQY 2¥Lcur¥ (“Jerusalem the holy” in Hebrew) around. Deutsch 17 (O3/R15); Meshorer 202; Kadman 20; Hendin 1361; Bromberg I 69; Shoshana I 20207–9; Sofaer 29; Spaer 174. Lightly toned. EF. Well centered and struck, excellent metal. ($5000)

Among the Finest Year 4 Shekels

784. JUDAEA, Jewish War. 66-70 CE. AR Shekel (21.5mm, 13.44 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 4 (69/70 CE). Omer cup; rc (“Y[ear] 4” in Hebrew = date) above, L!Rc¥ LQc (“Shekel of Israel” in Hebrew) around / Sprig of three pomegranates; YcurQY 2¥Lcur¥ (“Jerusalem the holy” in Hebrew) around. Deutsch 8 var. (O–/R8 [unlisted obv. die]); Meshorer 207; Kadman 27; Hendin 1364; Bromberg 382; Shoshana I 20212 = Shoshana II 20124; Sofaer 36; Spaer 178. Toned, underlying luster, traces of find patina. Near EF. Rare. Well centered and struck. Among the finest of Year 4 Shekels. ($25,000) From the Batory Collection. Ex Brody Family Collection (Part I, New York Sale XXXIX, 10 January 2017), lot 41 (hammer $30,000). Year 4 shekels are decidedly rarer than those of Years 1-3, reflecting the deteriorating military and political situation of the Judean rebels. While surviving shekels of each of the first three years number in the hundreds, fewer than 50 survive for Year 4. The Jewish forces, increasingly confined to the environs of Jerusalem, were suffering severe shortages of everything from precious metals to foodstuffs, meaning there was far less silver available to strike coins, and very little in the way of goods for them to be spent buying. The dies used for striking coins also show signs of haste in preparation.

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Referenced by Mildenberg

785. JUDAEA, Bar Kochba Revolt. 132-135 CE. Æ (29mm, 21.00 g, 12h). Dated year 1 (132/3 CE). 3„o2C/[!¥] C3/[L!R]C¥ (“Shim‘on, Prince of Israel” in Hebrew) in three lines within palm wreath with ties below, medallion above / Amphora; L!RC¥ ¡[L!GL ¡H!] ¡3C (“year one of the redemption of Israel” in Hebrew) around. Mildenberg 7.5 (O2/ R2 – this coin); Meshorer 220; Hendin 1376; Bromberg 229 (same obv. die); Shoshana I 20233 (this coin); Sofaer 3–4; Spaer 236 (same obv. die). Green patina, area of weak strike. Good VF. ($5000) Ex Shoshana Collection (Part I, Heritage, 8 March 2012), lot 20232; Alan Levin Collection (Goldberg 41, 27 May 2007), lot 2533; Superior Stamp & Coin (30 March 1971), lot 243; Glendining (3 October 1965), lot 210.

Ex Hendin Collection

786. JUDAEA, Bar Kochba Revolt. 132-135 CE. AR Sela – Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.51 g, 1h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 2 (67/8 CE). Façade of the Temple at Jerusalem; showbread table within, star above, 2LC∑R¥ (“Jerusalem” in Hebrew) at sides / Bundle of lulav; etrog to left, L!RC¥ RHL @C (“Y[ear] 2 of the Freedom of Israel” in Hebrew) around. Mildenberg 36 (O8’/R26); Meshorer 229; Hendin 1387; Bromberg 94 (same dies); Shoshana II 20170 (same dies); Sofaer 35 (same obv. die); Spaer 193–4. In NGC encapsulation, 4371773-005, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($7500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 112 (11 September 2019), lot 340; David Hendin Collection.

787 788 787. ARABIA, Eastern. Mleiha. Uncertain. 1st century BC – 2nd century AD. BI Tetradrachm (25mm, 15.79 g, 1h). Imitating Alexander III of Macedon. In the name of ’Abi’el. Stylized head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Figure enthroned left, holding scepter in left hand, right hand extended, upon which stands a small horse right; palm tree to left, upward-pointing chevron to inner left, trident-like symbol to inner right, s˚4˚ (’b’l in crude form of Aramaic) to right. Van Alfen, Die, NS 6.1, 144 (O8/R17); Macdonald, Abiel, Group D.1.4.1.a; Huth 132; Potts Class XLVIII, 477; HGC 10, 689. Toned, patches of find patina, typical light roughness. VF. Well centered and struck. Rare. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, February 2007.

788. ARABIA, Southern. Saba’. Late 5th-mid 4th century BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.09 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl, Ω (Sabaean s1) on cheek / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, Ú and AQE to right; all within incuse square. Unpublished in the standard references. Dark toning, some porosity. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, July 2005.

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789. ARABIA, Southern. Saba’. 1st century BC - 1st century AD. AR nṣf – Unit (27mm, 5.39 g, 5h). Imitating Athens ‘New Style’ coinage, but with Roman-style bust. Male head right, wearing laurel wreath, of Roman style, within wreath / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; monogram and n (N in South Arabian [mark of value]) to left, monogram and curved symbol of Almaqah to right. CAF 1.13i; Huth 283–6; HGC 10, 725; SNG ANS 1475; Klein 740 (this coin). Attractive blue iridescent tone, minor double strike on reverse. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($500) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex CNG inventory 750387 (November 2004); Dieter Klein Collection.

790. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Darios I. Circa 520-505 BC. AR Siglos (14mm, 5.31 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Half-length bust of Persian king or hero right, wearing kidaris and kandys, holding bow in left hand, arrows in right / Incuse punch. Carradice Type I (pl. XI, 10); Meadows, Administration 318; BMC Arabia pl. XXVII, 25; Sunrise 17. Lightly toned, typical light granularity. VF. Well centered. ($1000)

Attractive Type II Daric

791. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Darios I to Xerxes I. Circa 505-480 BC. AV Daric (14mm, 8.31 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, drawing bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type II (pl. XI, 11); Meadows, Administration 319; BMC Arabia –; Sunrise 19. Small mark in field. Good VF. Well centered. ($10,000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 338.

792. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Xerxes I to Darios II. Circa 485-420 BC. AV Daric (15.5mm, 8.34 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding spear and bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIb, Group A/B (pl. XIII, 27); Meadows, Administration 321; BMC Arabia pl. XXIV, 26; Sunrise 24. Minor triple strike. Good VF. Well centered. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

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Two Rare Sub Varieties of Type IIIb

793 794 793. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Xerxes I to Darios II. Circa 485-420 BC. AV Daric (15.5mm, 8.32 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding spear in right hand, bow in left; cross in exergue / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIb, Group A/B (pl. XIII, 27) var. (no cross); Meadows, Administration 321 var. (same); BMC Arabia pl. XXIV, 26 var. (same); CNG 105, lot 441 var. (cross on exergue line); cf. Triton VII, lot 367 (later issue with cross in exergue [Carradice Type IIIb Group C]). Underlying luster. Good VF. Extremely rare variety. ($1500) 794. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Xerxes I to Darios II. Circa 485-420 BC. AV Daric (14.5mm, 8.31 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding spear in right hand, bow in left; cross below, no exergual line / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIb, Group A/B (pl. XIII, 27) var. (no cross, with exergual line); Meadows, Administration 321 var. (same); BMC Arabia pl. XXIV, 26 var. (same); CNG 105, lot 441 var. (cross on exergue line). Underlying luster. Good VF. Extremely rare variety. ($1500)

795. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Artaxerxes II to Darios III. Circa 375-336 BC. AV Daric (15mm, 8.29 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneelingrunning stance right, holding spear in right hand, bow in left / Patterned incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIb Late (pl. XV, 50); Meadows, Administration –; BMC Arabia pl. XXV, 24; Sunrise 39 corr. (references). Near EF. Well centered and in high relief. ($2000)

796 797 796. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Artaxerxes II to Artaxerxes III. Circa 400-341 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 15.02 g, 11h). Chian standard. Uncertain mint in Caria. Persian king, wearing kidaris and kandys, in kneeling-running stance right, drawing bow / Warrior, wearing kyrbasia, thrusting spear he holds aloft in right hand, on horse galloping right; o to left; below, dolphin right. Konuk, Influences, Group 9, 1 and pl. XXX, 23; cf. Meadows, Administration 327; Traité II 123; SNG Kayhan 1004; Dewing 2715. Porous in areas, slightly off center. VF. ($1000)

Extremely Rare with Profile Eye 797. EGYPT, Pharaonic Kingdom. Uncertain pharaoh(s). Early–mid 4th centuries BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 17.11 g, 8h). Imitating Athens. Head of Athena right, with profile eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Cf. Van Alfen, Mechanisms, Group III.A.1 = Buttrey Type X; cf. Van Alfen pl. 11, 1–7; Anderson & Van Alfen 111 corr. (not Athenian). Attractive deep iridescent tone. Near EF. Extremely rare issue with profile eye on Athena. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 285; Classical Numismatic Review XXIII.1 (Winter 1998), no. 26. This fascinating coin is likely from the latest issues of Buttrey’s Type X Athenian imitations struck in Egypt. The reverse has the stereotypical characteristics of the Egyptian issues, most notably the long “toes” of the owl that extend to the ethnic. What is extremely unusual is the fact that the obverse copies the early 4th century owls of Athens, the first to use the profile eye. The style is so authentic to the original, one wonders whether an official die somehow made its way to Egypt? The piece in the hoard published by Anderson & Van Alfen appears to be the only example that is published with this feature.

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798 799 798. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305/4 BC or king, 305/4-282 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 15.75 g, 12h). Ptolemaic standard. In the name of Alexander III of Macedon. Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 306-300 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, wearing elephant skin, aegis around neck / ŬE$Å@droU, Athena Alkidemos advancing right, brandishing spear in right hand and wearing shield on extended left arm; to right, helmet, d5, and eagle standing right on thunderbolt. CPE 72; Svoronos 169; Zervos Issue 31, dies 527/a; SNG Copenhagen 30; BMC 26 (same dies). Deep iridescent tone, underlying luster, overstruck on uncertain type. Near EF. Well centered and struck. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 650; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 482 (October 1985), no. 24.

799. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305/4 BC or king, 305/4-282 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 15.70 g, 12h). Ptolemaic standard. In the name of Alexander III of Macedon. Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 306-300 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, wearing elephant skin, aegis around neck / ŬE$Å@droU, Athena Alkidemos advancing right, brandishing spear in right hand and wearing shield on extended left arm; to right, helmet, d5, and eagle standing right on thunderbolt. CPE 72; Svoronos 169; Zervos Issue 31, dies 525/b; SNG Copenhagen 30; BMC 26. Even gray tone, with some iridescence around the devices, underlying luster, small area of weak strike. Good VF. ($2000) From the Apollo to Apollo Collection.

800. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. 305/4-282 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 14.26 g, 1h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 294-285 BC. Diademed head right, wearing aegis around neck, [tiny d behind ear] / ∫Å%5¬EW% πto¬EµÅ5oU, eagle standing left on thunderbolt; to left, r above Å. CPE 137; Svoronos 247; SNG Copenhagen –; Meydancikkale 3195–233. Beautiful deep iridescent tone, underlying luster, short hairline flan crack, a couple of very light scratches under tone. EF. Well centered. ($2000) From the Batory Collection. Ex New York Sale XXX (9 January 2013), lot 236; Numismatic Fine Arts FPL 22 (Spring 1982), no. 32.

801. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, with Arsinöe II, Ptolemy I, and Berenike I. 285246 BC. AV Half Mnaïeion – ‘Tetradrachm’ (20.5mm, 13.85 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; ÅdE¬fW@ above, shield to left / Conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled; QEW@ above. CPE 314; Svoronos 604; Olivier & Lorber dies 40/109; SNG Copenhagen 133; Adams III 2084; Boston MFA 2275; Consul Weber 4481 (same dies); Dewing 2753-4; Noeske 38. Underlying luster. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($4000) 141


802. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, with Arsinöe II, Ptolemy I, and Berenike I. 285246 BC. AV Half Mnaïeion – ‘Tetradrachm’ (21.5mm, 13.82 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; ÅdE¬fW@ above, shield to left / Conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled; QEW@ above. CPE 314; Svoronos 604; Olivier & Lorber dies 32/88; SNG Copenhagen 133; Adams III 2084; Boston MFA 2275; Dewing 2753-4; Noeske 38. Underlying luster, a few light marks. Good VF. ($4000) From the TAB Collection.

803. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AR Dekadrachm (33.5mm, 35.34 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy II, circa 253/2-250/49 BC. Head right, with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephane; lotus-tipped scepter in background,  to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia with grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. CPE 354 (Ptolemy II); Svoronos 947; Troxell, Arsinoe, Group 3, p. 44 and pl. 7, 7 = SNG Lockett 3415 (same obv. die); SNG Berry 1483 (same obv. die); SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 26; Hermitage Sale II 1583; Ward 889 = Ward Sale 740 (same obv. die). Attractive old collection tone, minor flan flaws and porosity, some roughness and slight die wear on obverse, mark in field on reverse. VF. ($3000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Stack’s (25 February 2004), lot 124; Giessener Münzhandlung 102 (24 May 2000), lot 365; Giessener Münzhandlung 100 (20 November 1999), lot 1063; Giessener Münzhandlung 33 (3 June 1986), lot 253.

Ex Peyrefitte Collection

804. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AV Mnaïeion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (28mm, 27.77 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy VI and/or VIII, circa 204-116 BC. Head right with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephanos; lotus-tipped scepter in background, ˚ to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia, grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. Olivier Group 7, 3560 (D51/R147 – this coin); Svoronos 1374γ, 1498β–γ, 1499β–γ, and 1841α; SNG Copenhagen 322; BMC 39; Boston MFA 2298; Hermitage Sale II 1577–8. Lustrous, a few spots of toning. Choice EF. High relief and well centered. ($20,000) Ex Roger Peyrefitte Collection (Vinchon, 29 April 1974), lot 126.

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805. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AV Mnaïeion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (27mm, 27.76 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy VI and/or VIII, circa 204-116 BC. Head right with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephanos; lotus-tipped scepter in background, ˚ to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia, grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. Olivier Group 7, 3528–9 (D44/R123); Svoronos 1499γ (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 322; BMC 39; Boston MFA 2298; Hermitage Sale II 1577–8. Lustrous, some die rust, a few fine cleaning hairlines. Choice EF. ($15,000)

806. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy III Euergetes. 246-222 BC. Æ Drachm (43mm, 68.77 g). Alexandreia mint. Series 5B. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / ∫Å%5¬EW% ∏to¬EÂÅ5oU, eagle with closed wings standing left on thunderbolt; filleted cornucopia to left, ^ between legs. CPE B395; Svoronos 964; SNG Copenhagen 171–2; Noeske 117–9; Weiser 71. Brown surfaces, with a patch of red, minor doubling as usual. EF. Well centered and struck. An attractive example. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton II (1 December 1998), lot 535.

Illustrated by Olivier & Aumaître

807. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Kleopatra VII Thea Neotera. 51-30 BC. Æ (17mm, 4.76 g, 12h). Chalkis ad Libanon mint. Dated RY 21 (Egyptian) and 6 (Phoenician) of Kleopatra (32/1 BC). ∫Å15¬511[˙]1 ˚¬(o∏ÅtrÅ1, diademed and draped bust right / (toU1 ˚Å toU ˚Å5 ? œ([Å1 @(wt(]rÅ1, Athena advancing left, seen from behind, shield on left arm and holding spear in right hand. Svoronos –; Olivier & Aumaître 231 (D16/R54 – this coin, illustrated); RPC I 4773; HGC 9, 1453; DCA 478. Dark green-brown patina, small flan flaw at edge on obverse. Good VF. An exceptional example. Very rare, one of only 19 examples noted by Olivier & Aumaître. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 76 (12 September 2007), lot 927; J.P. Righetti Collection (Part 8, Münzen & Medaillen GmbH 20, 10 October 2006), lot 598. Mark Antony illegitimately “bestowed” a number of territories in the east on Cleopatra, including Chalkis in 36 BC, which were added to her royal dominions. These coins of Chalkis were dated with both the Egyptian and Phoenician regnal years of Cleopatra.

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808. KYRENAICA, Kyrene. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Obol (7mm, 0.72 g). Attic standard. Silphion fruit / Incuse square divided into six sections. Buttrey, Coins 49 var. (incuse); SNG Copenhagen –; cf. BMC 6 (drachm). Minor deposits, some roughness on reverse. VF. Rare. ($500) From the JTB Collection.

809. KYRENAICA, Kyrene. Circa 490-475 BC. AR Drachm (9mm, 3.09 g). Asiatic standard. Two silphion fruits set base-to-base; pellet between, leaves at sides between / Facing head of lion within incuse square. Buttrey, Coins, Period I, Group 2, 87; SNG Copenhagen 1172; BMC 38. Toned, compact flan. VF. Excellent metal for issue. Very rare. ($750) From the JTB Collection.

810. KYRENAICA, Kyrene. Circa 331-322 BC. AV Tenth Stater (7mm, 0.82 g, 3h). Jason, magistrate. Head of Kyrene right / Head of Apollo Karneios left; [5Å to right]. Naville 44 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 142 (same dies); Traité III 1878, pl. CCLXVI, 11 (same obv. die). Trace deposits. Good VF. Attractive for issue. ($750) From the JTB Collection. Ex New York Sale XLVIII (14 January 2020), lot 161.

811. KYRENAICA, Kyrene. temp. Ptolemy I. Circa 308-305 BC. AR Didrachm (19mm, 7.66 g, 11h). Head of Karneios left / Silphion plant; stars across upper field (only the right visible), [˚U]-rÅ across central field. Müller, Afrique 153; SNG Copenhagen 1237; BMC 237. Lightly toned. Near VF. Interesting compact style. Rare. ($1000)

812. KYRENAICA, Kyrene. Second Revolt of the Kyrenaikans. Circa 305-300 BC. AV Tenth Stater (7.5mm, 0.70 g). Head of Ammon right / Upright thunderbolt; stars flanking. Naville 183–217; SNG Copenhagen 1233; BMC 216–20; Boston MFA 1342 = Warren 1366; Jameson 2535; Pozzi 3281; Traité III ; Weber 8444. A few light marks. Near EF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 635; Lanz 72 (29 May 1995), lot 329; Lanz 56 (13 May 1991), lot 298.

813. KYRENAICA, Kyrene. temp. Magas. As Ptolemaic governor, first reign, circa 300-282/75 BC. AR Didrachm (20.5mm, 7.66 g, 12h). Head of Karneios left / Silphion plant; 5† to upper right, ˚U-rÅ across lower field. Müller, Afrique 174; SNG Copenhagen 1239 var. (coiled serpent to left); BMC 246–8. Toned, a couple of light scratches under tone on obverse. VF. ($1000) 144


814. BYZACIUM, Hadrumentum. 2nd-1st century BC. Æ Quarter Shekel(?) (14.5mm, 2.90 g, 3h). Draped bust of bearded male right, wearing modius; tå (‘T in Punic) to left / Lion standing right, raising left forepaw; tB (BT in Punic) below. MAA 78; Müller, Afrique III, p. 71, 83–4; SNG Copenhagen 68. Green-brown surfaces, minor striking flaw on reverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, the only example in CoinArchives. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 58 (19 September 2001), lot 741.

815. KINGS of NUMIDIA. Juba I. Circa 60-46 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 3.89 g, 4h). Utica mint. rex • iuBA, Diademed and draped bust right, scepter over shoulder / Octastyle temple; YWB’Y HMMLKT (in Neo-Punic) flanking. MAA 29; Mazard 379; Müller, Afrique –; SNG Copenhagen 523. Attractively toned, minor double strike. Near EF. ($1000) From the TAB Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 91 (19 September 2012), lot 410.

Juba II of Mauretania Juba II was born about 50 BC, the son of King Juba of Numidia, who lost his kingdom and his life following Caesar’s victory over the Pompeians at Thapsus in 46 BC. The child was brought to Rome to adorn the dictator’s triumph and then remained in the capital, where he received his education and was later granted Roman citizenship. During this time, he became a close friend of Octavian, thirteen years his senior. In 25 BC, Octavian, now Rome’s first emperor under the name of Augustus, granted his friend Juba the North African Kingdom of Mauretania, which had been annexed by the Romans following the death of Bocchus III in 33. About five years later, Juba II married the 20-year-old Kleopatra Selene, daughter of Mark Antony and Queen Kleopatra VII of Egypt, who had been brought up by the emperor’s sister, Octavia, following her parents’ suicide in Alexandria in 30 BC. Their rule over Mauretania was benevolent, and quite prosperous, though there were constant border security problems. Juba survived to an advanced age and was eventually succeeded by Ptolemy, his son by Kleopatra Selene, in AD 24.

816. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.14 g, 11h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 31 (AD 6/7). ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, diademed and draped bust right / Nike, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling palm frond in left arm, standing right on head of elephant right; rxxxi (date) to left. Spoerri-Butcher Group 12.a, dies H4/R2; MAA 128; Mazard 196; SNG Copenhagen –. Toned, minor die wear on obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, only five examples noted by Spoerri-Butcher. ($1500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Roma XVIII (29 September 2019), lot 504 (hammer £1800). Reportedly ex 1907 Banasa / El Ksar Hoard (IGCH 2307).

145


817. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 2.82 g, 6h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 35 (AD 10/1). ∞Ec • 5¨∫Å, head right, wearing lion skin / Cornucopia; transverse trident in background, E-t-¬-E (date) around. Spoerri-Butcher Group 27, dies J9/R1, 170 (this coin); Mazard 253; MAA 150; SNG Copenhagen 561 (same rev. die); ANS inv. 1944.100.81071 (same dies). Toned, area of weak strike at periphery. VF. Very rare, one of only 11 listed by SpoerriButcher. ($750) From the TAB Collection. Ex Peus 409 (25 April 2013), lot 250.

818. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18mm, 2.84 g, 1h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 41 (AD 16/7). ∞Ec • 5¨∫Å, head right, wearing lion skin, club over shoulder / CAeÍ/AreA/ rxxxxi (date) in three lines within wreath. Spoerri-Butcher Group 34, dies K8/R6, 291 (this coin); MAA 165; Mazard 232; SNG Copenhagen 586; McClean 10072 (same rev. die). Lightly toned, hairline flan crack. EF. ($1500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Nomos FPL (Winter-Spring 2015), no. 58.

819. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (19mm, 2.94 g, 3h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 41 (AD 16/7). ∞Ec • 5¨∫Å, head right, wearing lion skin, club over shoulder / Lion skin draped over upright club; rxxxxi (date) and arrow to left, bow to right. Spoerri-Butcher Group 36.a, dies K17/R2, 303 (this coin); MAA 163; Mazard 182; SNG Copenhagen 585. Iridescent tone. EF. Struck on a broad flan. Extremely rare, one of only five noted by Spoerri-Butcher. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Baldwin’s 44 (2 May 2006), lot 135.

820. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (17mm, 2.79 g, 10h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 41 (AD 16/7). ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, head right, wearing lion skin, club over shoulder / Capricorn right; filleted cornucopia above, globe to right, rxxxxi (date) below. Spoerri-Butcher Group 37.a, dies K20/R10, 352 (this coin); MAA 164; Mazard 211; SNG Copenhagen 587–8. Attractively toned. Near EF. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 134 (11 October 2004), lot 1758.

146


821. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18mm, 2.75 g, 5h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 41 (AD 16/7). ∞Ec • 5¨∫¬, head right, wearing lion skin / Cornucopia; transverse trident in background, (-t-Å- (date) around. Spoerri-Butcher Group 38.4, dies K1/R1; Mazard 256; MAA 167; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Blackburn 311 (same dies); Bement 1892 (same dies); McClean 10038 (same dies). Iridescent tone, some scratches under tone. Good VF. Rare. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Crinon-Alde 153 (19 October 2016), lot 144.

822. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.04 g, 3h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 42 (AD 17/8). ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, head right, wearing lion skin, club over shoulder / Bull standing right, head facing, wearing Isis crown; rxxxxii (date) below. Spoerri-Butcher Group 41, dies K24/R3, 483 (this coin); MAA 172; Mazard 226; SNG Copenhagen 589. Iridescent tone, minor doubling on obverse, a few light scratches in field on reverse. Near EF. Rare. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 156 (5 March 2007), lot 1647; G. Hirsch 240 (2 May 2005), lot 473.

823. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.04 g, 7h). Caesarea mint. ∞Ec • 5¨∫Å, diademed head right / Draped bust of Africa right, wearing elephant skin; two spears to left. Mazard 126; MAA 70; SNG Copenhagen 554 var. (position of obv. legend). Lightly toned. Near EF. ($750) From the TAB Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear FPL 10 (Spring 2005), no. 66.

824. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.06 g, 7h). Caesarea mint. ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, diademed head right / Elephant standing right. Mazard 135; MAA 75; SNG Copenhagen 577–8. Attractive deep toning with some iridescence, a couple of tiny flan flaws on reverse. EF. ($750) From the TAB Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear FPL 7 (Spring 2003), no. 180; Numismatica Genevensis SA 2 (18 November 2002), lot 72.

147


825. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (16mm, 2.65 g, 3h). Caesarea mint. ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, diademed head right / Eagle, with wings spread, standing right on thunderbolt; scepter to right, crescent below. Mazard 205; MAA 86; SNG Copenhagen 583. Even gray tone, with golden hues around the devices, underlying luster, minor die flaws in field on obverse. Near EF. ($750) From the TAB Collection. Ex Nomos FPL (Winter-Spring 2015), no. 57.

826 827 826. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Kleopatra Selene. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 2.57 g, 10h). Caesarea mint. ∞Ec 5¨∫¬, diademed head right / ∫¬15¬511¬ ˚¬(o∏¬tr¬, star set on crescent. Mazard 299; MAA 97; SNG Copenhagen 567. Deep iridescent tone, a few deposits. EF. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 634; Elvira Clain-Stefanelli Collection (sold as the ‘Demarete Collection’, Stack’s Bowers & Ponterio 173, 8 January 2013), lot 323 (part of).

827. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Kleopatra Selene. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18mm, 2.796 g, 8h). Caesarea mint. ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, diademed head right / ∫Å1-5¬51-1Å ˚¬(o∏ÅtrÅ, headdress of Isis, surmounted by corn ears, on left and sistrum on right. Mazard 318; MAA 99; SNG Copenhagen 570. Toned. Near EF. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 773.

828. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Kleopatra Selene. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 2.97 g, 10h). Caesarea mint. ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, diademed head right / ˚¬(o∏¬tr¬ • ∫Å15¬-511-¬, Headdress of Isis set on crescent. Mazard 332 corr. (rev. legend); MAA 103; SNG Copenhagen 574. Deep iridescent tone, slightly off center on reverse. Near EF. ($750) From the TAB Collection.

829. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Kleopatra Selene. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.07 g, 6h). Caesarea mint. ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, diademed head right / ˚¬(o∏¬tr¬ ∫Å15¬511¬, crocodile standing left. Mazard 340; MAA 104; SNG Copenhagen 592. Toned, underlying luster. Near EF. ($1500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 774; Peus 357 (28 October 1998), lot 385.

148


830 831 830. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Kleopatra Selene. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.21 g, 5h). Caesarea mint. ∞Ec • 5¨∫Å, diademed head of Juba right / ∫Ås5 ˚¬(o∏ÅtrÅ, diademed and draped bust of Kleopatra Selene left. Mazard 363; MAA 108 var. (legends); SNG Copenhagen –. Toned, with blue hues, light scratches under tone. VF. Excellent portrait of Cleopatra Selene. ($3000) From the TAB Collection. Ex Roma XII (29 September 2016), lot 58 (hammer £4600).

831. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Ptolemy. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.15 g, 8h). Caesarea mint. rex • iuBA, diademed head of Juba right, drapery on far shoulder / rex • RTOLemAeuÍ • regiÍ • iuB` F •, diademed and draped bust of Ptolemy left. Spoerri-Butcher II, Group B, dies A6/R2, 16 (this coin); Mazard 379; MAA 111; SNG Copenhagen –. Toned, flan crack, scratches, small flan flaw on obverse. Good VF. Rare. ($750) From the TAB Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 142 (10 October 2005), lot 1786; Münzen und Medaillen AG 85 (11 April 1997), lot 157. Ptolemy was not the strong leader his father had been, and increasing restiveness among the tribes led to the outbreak of several revolts, which he could not quell. Ptolemy was called to Rome for consultations in AD 40, where he was murdered by the unstable emperor Gaius Caligula. Mauretania was formally annexed to the empire in AD 44, and the revolts were brutally crushed by Roman legions. These rare coins in the name of “Ptolemy, son of King Juba” affirm the continuity of the Mauretanian dynasty and its long dedication to the “Roman Peace” of Augustus at a time when strains were opening in the relationship between overlord and client king. The death of Ptolemy marked the final end of the dynasty begun by his illustrious ancestor, Ptolemy I Soter.

CELTIC COINAGE

832. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Philip II of Macedon. Late 4th-3rd centuries BC. AR Didrachm (19.5mm, 7.40 g, 9h). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / f5¬5-ππoU, youth on horseback right; π below. Unpublished in the standard references. Deep iridescent tone. VF. Very rare. ($1000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, September 1997.

833. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Philip II of Macedon. 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 12.37 g, 12h). Kroisbach–mit Reiterstumpf type. Mint in the Burgenland-West Slovakian region. Diademed, beardless head right, with “boxer’s nose” and pronounced jaw line / Rider on horseback left, showing only his torso, hair bound with diadem and tied into a topknot with three trailing curls. OTA 469; Flesche 524–7; Lanz 743–5; CCCBM I 152-4; KMW 1391. Deeply toned, some light cleaning marks, slight die shift on reverse. EF. ($2000) Ex Dr. Walter Stoecklin (†1975) Collection (Nomos 14, 17 May 2017), lot 13, purchased from Prof. L. de Nicola, Rome.

149


834. CENTRAL EUROPE, La Tène culture. 3rd-2nd centuries BC. Æ Wheel money (24.5mm, 1.56 g). Wheel of six spokes. Cf. Victoor Group IX, 4t; Zürich 986. Dark green patina. As made. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex MoneyMuseum, Zurich Collection (Triton XVIII, 5 January 2015), lot 812; UBS 77 (9 September 2008), lot 2; Gorny & Mosch 122 (10 March 2003), lot 1002.

835. GAUL, Southern. Allobroges. Circa 120-107 BC. AR Drachm (14mm, 2.51 g, 10h). Male head right, wearing laurel wreath / Head of horse right; [] (in Italot) to right. Van der Wielen Type 1d; Depeyrot, NC 63; CCCBM II 162. Light iridescent tone, slightly off center, a couple of light marks. Good VF. Excellent metal for issue. ($750)

One of Two Known

836. GAUL, Central. Uncertain tribe. Circa BC. Æ Unit (16mm, 2.27 g, 10h). Bearded head right, wearing diadem; COÂ to left, BuCiO∞ to right / Goat stepping left; three rings arranged in a triangle above, BuCiO in exergue. RIG 78 corr. (description), otherwise unpublished. Deep green-brown patina with earthen dusting, slightly off center. EF. Extremely rare, only one other known, in the Musée d’Archéologie Nationale (Saint germain en Laye; illustrated by a line drawing in RIG). ($2500) This coin will be published in a future article in the SENA journal. In it the authors argue that, as typical of issues after the Gallic Wars, this coin’s types are influenced by Roman Republican issues. The obverse is likely inspired by a denarius of Sextus Pompey struck circa 37/6 BC, featuring the diademed, bearded head of Neptune (Crawford 511/2b), while the reverse may be inspired by a denarius of Cn. Plancus struck circa 55 BC, featuring a Cretan goat (Crawford 432/1). Based on a variety of factors, they place the issue somewhere in the Bourges region.

Pedigreed to 1909 – Illustrated in the 1912 British Numismatic Journal

837. GAUL, Northwest. Baiocassi. Circa 100-50 BC. Pale AV Stater (23mm, 7.17 g, 9h). Celticized head right, hair flowing around; above, boar(?) standing right; ornament hanging to right / Celticized biga right, charioteer devolved into creature above; ‘vexillum’ to right, hanging from wavy line held by charioteer; below, boar standing right. B. Roth, “Ancient Gaulish Coins, including those of the Channel Islands” in BNJ 1912, p. 8, 1 = (this coin, illustrated); Blanchet p. 316, n. 2; cf. Depeyrot, NC VIII, 7 (see also p. 18, 9.11 = Brenot & Sheers 946, for a silver stater from the same dies); cf. D&T 2254–5; cf. de la Tour 6982. Toned, slightly soft strike on obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($3000) Ex Peus 425 (7 November 2019), lot 32; Auctiones AG 8 (27 June 1978), lot 2; P. J. Prankerd Collection (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 15 November 1909), lot 316 (part of; lot purchased by A. H. Baldwin & Sons). The coin from the same dies in the Museum of Fine Arts in Lyon is cataloged as a silver issue by Brenot & Scheers, but as the present coin is struck from base gold, one wonders whether the Lyon coin is actually also a gold issue that is so debased as to appear as silver?

150


838. GAUL, Northwest. Veneti. Circa 100-50 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 7.03 g, 12h). Celticized head right, hair flowing in tufts around; ornaments to right / Celticized biga right, charioteer devolved into creature above, holding rosette on wavy line, horse with human head; ‘ladder’ to right; below, hippocamp right. Cf. Depeyrot, NC VIII, 216; cf. D&T 2306–7; cf. de la Tour 6811; Flesche –; cf. Gruel & Morin 546–81. Lightly toned, a little off center on obverse. EF. High quality silver, and of an unusually fine style for series. Very rare. ($3000)

839. GAUL, Northwest. Veneti. Circa 100-50 BC. AR Stater (19.5mm, 7.19 g, 8h). Celticized head right, hair flowing in curls around; ornaments to right / Celticized biga right, charioteer devolved into creature above, holding rosette on straight line, horse with human head; ‘ladder’ to right; below, boar standing right. Depeyrot, NC VIII, 221; D&T 2294 var. (X ornament below boar’s head); cf. de la Tour J 41; Flesche –; Gruel & Morin 469. Lightly toned, softly struck, light scratch on obverse. Near EF. Very rare. ($3000)

840. GAUL, Northeast. Ambiani. Circa 100-50 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 6.14 g). Gallo-Belgic E. Gallic Wars Issue. Plain bulge / Large disjointed horse right; ornaments around; solid exergue line above pellets-in-crescents. Depeyrot, NC VI, 161; D&T 238; Van Arsdell 52-1; ABC 16; SCBC 11. Slightly off center, some light marks on obverse. EF. ($750) Lot includes a Den of Antiquity inventory ticket for this coin.

841. GAUL, Northeast. Bellovaci. Circa 50-30 BC. Æ Unit (17.5mm, 2.50 g, 7h). Schematic head left, surrounded by a leonine mane of hair / Human-headed fowl type gryllus right; to right, pellet-in-ring above spiral-armed sun. Depeyrot, NC VI, 62; D&T 509; de la Tour 8584; CCCBM III S28. Green–brown patina, minor roughness. Good VF. ($300) Ex Freeman & Sear 14 (11 June 2007), lot 13.

151


842. GAUL, Northeast. Suessiones. Circa 50-30 BC. Potin Unit (20mm, 4.32 g). Spiral ornament / Celticized horse advancing left; ornaments around. Depeyrot, NC VI, 122; D&T 214; de la Tour 7873; CCCBM III 476. Dark green, almost black, patina. Choice EF. ($1000)

843. GAUL, Northeast. Veliocassi. 50-30 BC. Æ (17mm, 2.30 g, 10h). Head of female right; ÍuTiCCOÍ to right / Horse prancing right; horizontal-S above, annulet below. Depeyrot, NC V, 255; D&T 651; de la Tour 7356; CCCBM III –. Beautiful emerald green patina, slightly irregular flan, edge chip. EF. Rare in this condition. ($1000)

ORIENTAL GREEK COINAGE

844. KINGS of ELYMAIS. Kamnaskires III, with Anzaze. Circa 82/1-73/2 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.10 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Hedyphon mint. Undated issue. Conjoined busts of Kamnaskires III, diademed and draped bust and wearing long beard and torque, and Anzaze, draped and wearing stephane and necklace, left; anchor symbol to right / 5G45GE∑5 above, ˚G;@G4˚55o[U] to right, ˚G5 5G45G54[4˙4] to left, 2@Z[2]Z˙5, Zeus-Belos enthroned left, holding in outstretched right hand Nike, standing right and holding wreath, and scepter in left; traces of ;G˚Ed∑@ to inner left. van’t Haaff Type 7.1.1-2; Alram 454; Sunrise –; CNG 451, lot 206 (same dies). Iridescent toning, minor smoothing in fields, cleaning marks. EF. ($1000) From the TAB Collection.

152


First Year

845. KINGS of ELYMAIS. Kamnaskires III, with Anzaze. Circa 82/1-73/2 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.68 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Hedyphon mint. Dated SE 231 (82/1 BC). Conjoined busts of Kamnaskires III, diademed and draped bust and wearing long beard and torque, and Anzaze, draped and wearing stephane and necklace, left; anchor symbol to right / 5G45GE[∑4] above, 5Å5Å5455oU to right, ˚Å5 5Å45G54 to left, Å@ZÅZ55 below, Zeus-Belos enthroned left, holding in outstretched right hand Nike, standing right and holding wreath, and scepter in left; monogram(?) to left; Å2% (date) in exergue. van’t Haaff Type 7.1.2-1Aa var. (date; same obv. die); cf. Alram 455 (for type); cf. DeMorgan 5 (same); DCA 519 corr. (Δ not A); Peus 392, lot 4393 var. (date; same obv. die); cf. BM Inv. 1921, 1006.1 (tetradrachm). Traces of deposits, minor porosity, triple struck on reverse. Good VF. Apparently unique for a drachm. ($750) From the TAB Collection.

846. KINGS of PERSIS. Šabuhr (Shahpur), son of Pāpag (Papak). Circa AD 200-209. AR Hemidrachm (18mm, 1.57 g, 9h). Istakhr (Persepolis) mint. ¡fi¬µ (MRK’ in Pahlavi) to left, 00ÔEPÔ√ (šhpwhryin Pahlavi) to right, bearded bust of Šabuhr left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara; ≥ at forehead / ¡fi¬ µ (M RK’ in Pahlavi) to left, 00 Py3 x! (BRH bgy p’ in Pahlavi) to right, bearded bust of Pāpag left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with leaf ornament; ≥ at forehead. K&M 6/1; Alram 655; Saeedi 3; Sunrise 688. Light deposits and porosity, minor weakness at highest points. VF. Very rare. ($1000)

847. BAKTRIA, Local issues. Circa 295/3-285/3 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 16.90 g, 6h). Local standard. Uncertain mint in the Oxus region. Head of Athena right, wearing earring and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl; trace of ¥ to left / Owl standing right, head facing; ÅQE downward to right; to upper left, prow of galley right above grape bunch on vine with leaf. Nicolet-Pierre & Amandry 42 (this coin); Bopearachchi, Sophytes, Group 1A and pl. I, 8; cf. Bopearachchi & Rahman 67 (didrachm); SMAK pl. 30 var. (same); SNG ANS 3; MIG Type 13a var. (no grape bunch); HGC 12, 2. Toned. Good VF. ($750) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman, purchased from Frank Kovacs, December 1997. Ex Sotheby’s (9 April 1992), lot 140; 1990 Afghanistan hoard.

153


848. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Euthydemos I Theos Megas. Circa 225-200/195 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.37 g, 6h). Mint A (near Aï Khanoum). Struck circa 225-220/215 BC. Diademed middle-aged head right / ∫å%5GEW% to right, EUQUd˙ÂoU to left, Herakles seated left on rock, holding club set on rocks; d below rock. Kritt A9; Bopearachchi 5B; Bopearachchi & Rahman 106-7; SNG ANS 1274; MIG Type 89c; HGC 12, –. Minor porosity, slight double strike on reverse, head of Herakles flatly struck. EF. Superb high relief portrait. ($10,000)

Very Rare Mature Portrait

849. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Euthydemos I Theos Megas. Circa 225-200/195 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.05 g, 12h). Mint B (‘Baktra’). Struck circa 206-200 BC. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% EUQUd˙ÂoU, Herakles, holding in extended right hand club set on knee, seated left on rock draped with lion skin; Ò to inner right. Kritt B18; Bopearachchi 13A; Bopearachchi & Rahman –; SNG ANS 143–4; MIG Type 95a; HGC 12, 47. Toned, light marks and porosity. VF. Very rare drachm with elder portrait. ($1000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton XVI (8 January 2013), lot 641.

850 851 850. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Demetrios I Aniketos. Circa 200-185 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.96 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right, wearing elephant skin / ∫Å%5¬EW% to right, d˙;˙tr5oU to left, Herakles standing facing, crowning himself, holding club and lion skin; } to inner left. Bopearachchi 1C; Bopearachchi & Rahman 122; SNG ANS 187; MIG Type 103d; HGC 12, 63. Toned. Good VF. Fine style dies. ($2000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

851. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Antimachos I Theos. Circa 180-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (36mm, 16.98 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right, wearing kausia / ∫Å%5¬EW% QEoU Å@t5;ÅcoU, Poseidon, laureate, standing facing, holding trident and filleted palm; Í to inner right. Bopearachchi 1A; Bopearachchi & Rahman 173-4; SNG ANS 274-5; MIG Type 124f; HGC 12, 106. Lightly toned, light scratches on obverse. EF. ($2000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 696.

154


Extremely Rare Monogram

852. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Antimachos I Theos. Circa 180-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (36mm, 16.74 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right, wearing kausia / ∫Å%5¬EW% QEoU Å@t5;ÅcoU, Poseidon, laureate, standing facing, holding trident and filleted palm; 6 to inner right. Bopearachchi 1C; Bopearachchi & Rahman –; SNG ANS –; MIG Type 124d (second example) corr. (monogram) = Bement Collection (Ars Classica VII), lot 1793 (same obv. die); Qunduz 97-8 corr. (monogram); Sunrise –; HGC 12, 106. Attractive cabinet tone. EF. Great metal. Extremely rare monogram. ($5000) Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 570; Leu 13 (29 April 1975), lot 324 (hammer 18,000 CHF).

853. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Eukratides I Megas. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 15.92 g, 12h). Diademed heroic bust left, seen from behind, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull’s horn and ear, brandishing spear in right hand / ∫å%5GE∑% ÂE˝ÅGoU around, EUkrÅt5doU in exergue, the Dioskouroi, holding palm fronds and spears, on horses rearing right; D in lower right field. Bopearachchi 8B; Bopearachchi & Rahman 255; SNG ANS 485; MIG Type 179a; HGC 12, 132. Spot of find patina, areas of light toning, light smoothing. Good VF. ($3000) From the Weise Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 54 (14 June 2000), lot 972.

Extremely Rare Monogram Combination

854. BAKTRIA, Indo-Greek Kingdom. Philoxenos Aniketos. Circa 125-110 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 9.82 g, 12h). ∫å%5GEW% Å@5˚˙toU f5Go$E@oU, diademed and draped bust right / snSUf sthˇpA sjrhm (maharajasa apadihatasa philasinasa in Kharosthi), Philoxenos, in military attire, on horse rearing right; % and h below. Bopearachchi 3F = MIG Type 338e = Bivar, Indo-Bactrian, pl. VII, 5 = BM Inv.; Bopearachchi & Rahman –; SNG ANS –; MIG Type 343c; HGC 12, 267. Iridescent toning, faint cleaning scratches, hairline die break on reverse. EF. ($1000) 155


CENTRAL ASIAN COINAGE

855. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. AV 2 Dinar (24mm, 15.93 g, 12h). Bilingual series. Main mint in Baktria. bacilEyc ooh mo kadfichc, diademed and crowned half-length bust of Vima Kadphises right on clouds, holding mace-scepter in right hand 9 to left / [Å]rd~ Å9`k m˙ År·Óm År·Ó g¬‰Å ÅjrÎjr Åjrhm (Maharajasa rajadirajasa sarvaloga iśvarasa mahiśvarasa hima kaphthiśasa tradara[sa] in Kharosthi), ithyphallic Siva standing facing, head left, holding trident in right hand and resting left arm on bull Nandi behind, who is standing right with head facing; 0 (Three Jewels) to left. Bopearachchi, Premiers, Série X, 24; MK 20 (O1/R–; unlisted rev. die) = FdS 18; ANS Kushan 264; Donum Burns –; Zeno – Gorny & Mosch 121, lot 266 (same dies). Lightly toned, minor marks. EF. Extremely rare. ($10,000)

856. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Dinar (21.5mm, 7.96 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. saonanosao ka nIs˚i ˚osano, Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / nana up left, Nana, nimbate, wearing fillet and crescent, standing right, holding scepter and box; 8 to right. MK 35 (O5/R– [unlisted rev. die]); ANS Kushan 370 (same rev. die); cf. Donum Burns 117 (for rev.). Some luster. EF. ($2000)

857. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.99 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Late phase. sao˜a˜osao ˚a ˜Is˚i ˚osa˜[o], Kanishka standing left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / ardOxsO to left, Ardoxsho standing right, holding cornucopia; 8 to right. MK 71 (O32/ R1; an unlisted die combination); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns 134. Toned, deposits in devices, slight double strike on obverse, test mark on edge. Good VF. Extremely rare, only two in CoinArchives. ($2000)

858. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 151-190. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.94 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. [saO]nanOsaO O OIs˚i ˚OsanO, diademed and crowned half-length bust right on clouds, holding mace-scepter and ankuśa (elephant goad) / nanasao to left, Nana, wearing stephane, standing right, holding scepter in right hand and bowl in left; 8 to right. MK 152 (O1/R25) = FdS 69 = Rosenfeld 48 = Cribb & Bracey E.G1iia = BM Inv. 1894,0506.61; ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –. Toned. EF. Well struck. Extremely rare with bust right, only three examples known to Göbl, none in CoinArchives. ($5000) 156


Third Known Elephant Rider / Erakilo Dinar

859. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 151-190. AV Dinar (21mm, 7.96 g, 12h). Subsidiary mint in Gandhara (Peshawar?). Early phase. saO˜a˜OsaO OOIskO kOsa˜O, Huvishka, diademed and crowned, and holding spear in right hand and goad in left, on caparisoned elephant right / IsakilO down right, Erakilo (Herakles) standing left, wearing lion skin, holding club in right hand, Apple of the Hesperides in left; tamgha to left; 9 to left. Cf. MK 305A/269 (same obv. die/rev. type); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –; Triton X, lot 488 (same dies); Triton VIII, lot 679 (same dies); cf. CNG 115, lot 415 (for obv.; same die). Lightly toned, underlying luster, a few minor marks. EF. Well struck. the third known with only the two Triton examples in Coin Archives. ($30,000) This coin depicts the god Vajrapani, Buddha’s protector, as Herakles, assimilated through Gandharan art via the Parthian representation of Verethragna as Herakles (see Errington and Cribbs, eds., The Crossroads of Asia: Transformation in Image and Symbol in the Art of Ancient Afghanistan and Pakistan, p. 132, 134). The general obverse and reverse types of this coin are known together in bronze issues (Göbl type 886), but only separately on gold (Göbl 305A and 269). There are two aspects of this coin, though, that differ from the known issues. Unlike other issues depicting Vajrapani as Herakles, on this coin the deity wears the lion’s skin rather than holds it. Also, the tamgha on this piece is that of Kanishka, thus suggesting an early issue of Huvishka. Certainly a remarkable addition to the numismatic legacy of the Kushans.

860

861

860. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vasudeva I. Circa AD 190-230. AV Dinar (22mm, 8.00 g, 12h). Subsidiary mint in Gandhara (Peshawar?). sÅoIÅIosÅo b Å ZdIo YosÅho, Vasudeva, nimbate, standing facing, head left, sacrificing over altar and holding trident; flame at shoulder; filleted trident to left; a to left of Vasudeva’s trident, h (ha) in Brahmi to right / oIso to right, ithyphallic Siva standing facing, holding a garland or diadem and trident; behind, the bull Nandi standing left; ^ to upper left; h (ha) in Brahmi on trident shaft. MK 535 (O7/R– [unlisted rev. die]); ANS Kushan –; cf. Donum Burns 447/448 (for obv./rev.). Hint of deposits, minor cleaning marks. Near EF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 714.

861. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Shaka. Circa AD 325-345. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.86 g, 12h). Uncertain mint. Shaka, standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding filleted staff; filleted trident to left; U (bhri in Brahmi) below arm; _(śaka in Brahmi) and ˆ (oo in Kushano-Bactrian) to outer right / Ardoxsho enthroned facing, holding diadem in right hand and cradling cornucopia in left arm; ^ to upper left; pseudo-legend to right. MK 589 (Vasudeva II); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns 769-73. Lustrous. EF. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection.

157


Of Cross-Cultural Interest

862. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vasudeva II. Circa 4th century AD. AV Repoussé Medallion Pendant (40mm, 7.62 g, 12h). Half-length female bust with Hunnic features right, wearing large hoop earring and necklace with central medallion, holding floral object aloft in right hand; all within ornate bead-and-reel style border. Border of outer mounting consists of circular wreath within pelleted border / Incuse of central design; outer mounting consists of circular wreath within pelleted border. Cf. MK, pl. 175, 13/1-3 (for similar mounting); cf. E. Errington, J. Cribb, and M. Claringbull, eds. The Crossroad of Asia (1992), 146 (same); cf. Triton IX, lot 1156 (same). Hint of deposits on reverse, damage to suspension loop. As made. Set in ornate bezel with suspension loop. ($2000) Ex Gemini VIII (with Heritage Auctions, 14 April 2011), lot 141.

863. INDIA, Gupta Empire. First Dynasty. Chandragupta I. Circa AD 320-335. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.74 g, 12h). Archer type, Class I, Variety A. Chandragupta, nimbate, standing left, sword at side, holding arrow in right hand, left hand holding bow at top; behind to left, Garuda standard; C4 (chandra in Brahmi) to inner right; Dv % ,hrjfDrj% [C4Go.] (deva śri maharajadhriajaśri in Brahmi) around / Lakshmī, nimbate, enthroned facing, holding diadem in her right hand, left hand outstretched, holding lotus; ª to left; % V§,. (śri vikramaḥ in Brahmi) to right. Bayana 231 (Chandragupta II); Kumar Class I A.1 (third example – same dies); BKB 62 (Chandragupta II); BMC Guptas 63 (Chandragupta II); Altekar Class I, Variety A (Chandragupta II). Light earthen deposits, obverse slightly double struck, small dig on reverse. Good VF. ($1500)

864. INDIA, Gupta Empire. First Dynasty. Kumaragupta I Mahendraditya. Circa AD 413-455. AV Dinar (20mm, 8.17 g, 12h). Horseman type. Kumaragupta, holding reins, on horseback right; [...] uT,34 ([...] jitamahendra in Brahmi) around / Lakshmī, nimbate, seated left on basket, presenting grapes to peacock standing before and holding lotus; AuT,34 (ajitamahendra in Brahmi) to right. Kumar Class I Variety C.1; BKB 151 (same dies); BMC Guptas 207-9 and p. 71, –; Altekar Class I, Variety C; Bayana 1396-1432. Toned, double strike on obverse. Near EF. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 112 (11 September 2019), lot 406.

158


865. INDIA, Gupta Empire. First Dynasty. Kumaragupta I Mahendraditya. Circa AD 413-455. AV Dinar (20mm, 8.17 g, 12h). Horseman type. Kumaragupta, holding reins, on horseback right; [...]jyT uT,34 ([..]jayatya jitamahendra in Brahmi) around / Lakshmī, nimbate, seated left on basket, presenting grapes to peacock standing before and holding lotus; AuT,34 (ajitamahendra in Brahmi) to right. Kumar Class III Variety C; BKB 158; cf. BMC Guptas 210-213 (for type) –; Altekar Class I, Variety C; Bayana 1613-1616. Toned, minor deposits on reverse, flan crack. Near EF. ($1500)

Very Rare With Bust Left

866. SASANIAN KINGS. Ardaxšīr (Ardashir) I. AD 223/4-240. AR Obol (15mm, 0.62 g, 3h). Mint B (“Hamadan”). Phase 3, circa AD 233/4-238/9. L000! o Ò00o 0!!ˆ1!0o Ò0!Òo 0!000ˆXKXKo (mzdysn bgy ’rthštry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW ctry MN yzd’n in blundered Pahlavi), bust left, wearing diadem (type R) and close-fitting headdress with korymbos and earflap / YW1RWN (NWR’ ZY in blundered Pahlavi) to left, RTC¨0) 1 (’rthštr in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar (flames 2) with diadems (type R). SNS type IIIb(4a)/3a(2b) and pl. 14, A37 var. (bust right); Saeedi 68 (same dies); Sunrise 705 var. (same); Zeno 35626 = Bellaria Collection (CNG 66), lot 847 (same obv. die); CNG 108, lot 426 (same obv. die). Find patina with hint of earthen deposits, die break on reverse. Good VF. Very rare with bust left. ($500)

867. SASANIAN KINGS. Ardaxšīr (Ardashir) I. AD 223/4-240. AR Obol (15mm, 0.68 g, 3h). Mint C (“Ctesiphon”). Phase 3, circa AD 233/4-238/9. N!0N! !KRM R!KRM RTCßTR! 4 NXWRM (mzdysn bgy ’rthštry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n in blundered Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem (type R) and mural crown / YW1RWN (NWR’ ZY in blundered Pahlavi) to left, RTCUTR! (’rthštr in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar (flames 2) with diadems (type R). SNS type V(4a)/3a(2b); Saeedi 56 (same dies); Sunrise 723; Zeno 35631 = Triton VII, lot 563; CNG E-102, lot 76 = Bellaria Collection (CNG E-90), lot 113. Toned. VF. Very rare and attractive for issue. ($500)

868. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. AR Drachm (28mm, 4.07 g, 3h). Mint I (“Ctesiphon”). Phase 2, circa AD 260-272. Ò0! NZi NM N00¨Wo 0 100!o 0! o YRj0jC 4 ´0000o (mzdysn bgy šhpwhry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW ctry MN ya in blundered Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos / ‚j1RWN (nwr’zy in blundered Pahlavi) to left, KjKoKj C (š hpwhry in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants wearing mural crowns. SNS type IIc/1b, style P, group d/1; Saeedi –; Sunrise –. Iridescent toning in margins, hint of porosity. EF. ($500) 159


Extremely Rare Denomination – Unpublished with Symbols behind Head

869. SASANIAN KINGS. Ohrmazd (Hormizd) I. AD 272-273. AV Dinar (22mm, 7.49 g, 3h). Style C. Uncertain mint. 00 No jWo 0100 0100100 1[...]KRo 00UZoRRjRA 4 NsYdRo (mzdysn bgy ’hrmzdy MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n W ’n’yr’n MNW ctry MN yzd’n in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and crown with korymbos; X and ˘ to left; crown and korymbos decorated with ˘ and ≥ / U jL00 (’wḥrmzdy in blundered Pahlavi) to left, YZ1oLN00 (NWR’ zy in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, left wearing crown with korymbos, right wearing mural crown and holding diadem. SNS type Ia(1)/2a(1); Saeedi AV 10 = SNS type Ib(1)/2b(1) and pl. 2, A var. (Style Abis with two pellets only to left); Sunrise –; Zeno –. Trace of deposits, a few minor marks. Good VF. Extremely rare denomination for this ruler, and unpublished in the standard references with the symbols behind the head. Apparently only the third known dinar for Ohrmazd I (this coin; the Saaedi coin; and one in a private collection). ($75,000)

870. SASANIAN KINGS. Ohrmazd (Hormizd) I. AD 272-273. AR Drachm (26mm, 3.55 g, 3h). Style A. Mint A (“Ctesiphon”). 00P1ZZoZZoZZ[...]ZZ00o00¡0Z00¡ZZ0!00)00¥00!ZZ!00•IINKMNs (mzdysn bgy ’hrmzdy MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n W ’n’yr’n MNW ctry MN yzd’n in blundered Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and crown with korymbos, trace of > on shoulder / A00ZZ00 (NWR’ zy in blundered Pahlavi) to left, ZZZ00 (’wḥrmzdy in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar flanked by two attendants facing inward, the left, wearing crown with korymbos, raises hand, the right, wearing radiate crown, holds up diadem. SNS type Ib(1)/2b(1) and pl. 1, A4 = Saeedi 115; Sunrise 749. Traces of deposits, crystallized surfaces, light graffiti on obverse. Good VF. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 436 (23 January 2019), lot 312.

Illustrated in SNS 2 – Ex Göbl Collection

871. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) I. AD 273-276. AR Drachm (26.5mm, 4.09 g, 3h). Style F. Uncertain mint. 0L0U0oU 0o… 00o0 !00U! 0!0o 0100o 0A0¡00 4 NV000o (mzdysn bgy ’rtḥštr MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW in blundered Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and radiate crown with korymbos / 00A0j00 (wrḥr’n in Pahlavi) to left, L001 (NWR’ in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, each wearing crown with korymbos. SNS type I(1)/2A(1a) and pl. 11, A46 (this coin); Saeedi –; Sunrise –. Iridescent toning, small die break on obverse. Good VF. Very rare. ($500) Ex Robert Göbl Collection (not in the Peus sale).

160


872 873 872. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) II, with Prince 3. AD 276-293. AR Drachm (27mm, 4.40 g, 3h). Style A. Mint A (Uncertain [Ctesiphon?]). 00ARR RA00o 0A0ZZ 0Á00R0 ºRJ0˚ 4 00UUuM (mzdysn bgy wrhr’n MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n in blundered Pahlavi), confronted busts of Vahrām (Bahram) right, wearing winged crown with korymbos, and Prince 3 left, wearing kolah with boar’s head / M00YjY˚ (wrhr’m in blundered Pahlavi) to left, WYZ0˜˜00 (NWR’ zy in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, the left wearing winged crown with korymbos, the other wearing mural crown; ≥ to right of flames. SNS type III(1)/1(1a); Saeedi 152; Sunrise 774. Good VF. Good metal. ($1000) 873. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) II, with Prince 3. AD 276-293. AR Drachm (29mm, 3.85 g, 3h). Style I. Unsigned ‘HWPY/HRPY’ (Herat) mint. [...] 0000A A00o RA00o 0!RHU0˚ 4 NsYdYM (mzdysn bgy wrhr’n MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n [...] in blundered Pahlavi), confronted busts of Vahrām (Bahram) right, wearing winged crown with korymbos, and Prince 3 left, wearing kolah with boar’s head / Z!W˚ ((N)WR’ z[y] in blundered Pahlavi) to left, M00ºZH0˚ (wrhr’m in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, each wearing winged crown with korymbos. SNS type III(1)/2(1a), Style I; cf. SNS Schaaf 155 (for obv.); Saeedi –; Sunrise –. Slight doubling, hint of porosity, tiny edge chips. EF. Apparently unpublished with each of the attendants wearing winged crown with korymbos. ($1000) From the TAB Collection.

874. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) II. AD 309-379. AV Dinar (19mm, 7.28 g, 12h). Mint IX (“Kabul”). Struck circa AD 320. Bust right, wearing mural crown with korymbos; pseudo-legend around / Uj[...]jv (š h[...]hr in blundered Pahlavi) to left, ‚j1RWN (nwr’zy in blundered Pahlavi) to right, fire altar with ribbons. SNS type Ib1/2a (pl. 8, 103); MK 1224 (Mint I); Göbl type Ia/7; Saeedi –; Sunrise 840. Light toning in devices, minor marks. Near EF. ($3000)

875. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) III. AD 383-388. AV Dinar (22mm, 7.34 g, 3h). Sind mint. Diademed bust right, wearing ornate flat-topped crown with korymbos; á to right; pseudo-legend around / Fire altar with ribbons and bust right in flames; flanked by two attendants, each wearing diadem. Cf. SNS III pl. 145, C6 (for type); Göbl –; Saeedi –; cf. Sunrise 879 (same); Album 15, lot 33 (same dies). Some porosity, struck with worn dies. Near VF. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 97 (17 September 2014), lot 464.

161


876 877 876. SASANIAN KINGS. Ohrmazd (Hormizd) V. AD 590s. AR Drachm (31mm, 3.68 g, 3h). Uncertain (WSB) mint. Dated RY 2. 02∑§ G (GDH and ’pzwt’ in Pahlavi) to left, bzM;jfl (’whlmzd in Pahlavi) to right, bust right, wearing mural crown with frontal crescent, two wings, and star-in-crescent, ribbons and crescents on shoulders; stars flanking crown / Fire altar with ribbons; flanked by two attendants; star and crescent flanking flames; 7;2 (tlyn in Pahlavi [date]) to left, bVE (ws in Pahlavi [mint]) to right. Cf. Mochiri 651; Malek, Late, p. 492 (VSP mint; date for this mint unlisted) SC Tehran –; cf. SNS Schaaf 623; Saeedi –; Sunrise –. Toned, crescent banker’s mark on reverse. VF. Extremely rare. ($1500) 877. SASANIAN KINGS. Husrav (Khosrau) IV or V. AD 631-637(?). AR Drachm (33mm, 4.09 g, 9h). WYHC (Vehaz-Amid-Kavād) mint. Dated RY 5 (AD 636/7). 02∑§ G (GDH and ’pzwt’ in Pahlavi) to left, bÚV˙ (hwslwd in Pahlavi) to right, bust right, wearing mural crown with frontal crescent and two wings surmounted by star-in-crescent; fillet over each shoulder, crescent over right shoulder / Fire altar with ribbons; flanked by two attendants; star and crescent flanking flames; 1√M˙ (hwms’ in Pahlavi [date]) to left, ¨HLE (wyhc in Pahlavi [mint]) to right. Mochiri, Monnaies 33 var. (date); Mochiri 495; Malek, Late, p. 492 (date for this mint unlisted) SC Tehran –; SNS Schaaf 655 var. and corr. (RY date; attributed to Husrav [Khosrau II]); Saeedi –; Sunrise –. Deposits, die break and die rust on obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($1500)

878. KUSHANO-SASANIANS. temp. Ardaxšīr (Ardashir) – Pērōz (Fīrūz) I. Circa AD 255-310. AV Dinar (24mm, 7.85 g, 12h). Imitating Kushan king Vasudeva I. Uncertain mint in Baktria. Early series. sOOssOO b Oz OnO KOsOIO, Vasudeva standing left, flames on shoulder, holding filleted standard, sacrificing over altar to left; filleted trident to left; 9 between legs; 0a to right / OIsO to right, ithyphallic Siva standing facing, holding a garland or diadem and trident with o on shaft; behind, the bull Nandi standing left; to upper left, • and :. MK 685 (Vasudeva II); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –. Slightly double struck, minor die rust. EF. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection.

879. KUSHANO-SASANIANS. Vahrām (Bahram) I. Circa AD 330-365. AV Dinar (32mm, 7.71 g, 11h). Boxlo (Balkh) mint. bo©o oorauA koa za orkokosakosduo (bogo ooraho koa za orkokoshakoshho in Kushano-Bactrian), Vahram standing left on ground line, wearing crown with ribbons and surmounted by lotus, flames at shoulders, sacrificing at altar and holding trident; to left, trident standard above altar, middle prong surmounted by crescent; • to right of altar; · between legs; ˘ below left arm; to right, e above 0 and bdcd (mint signature) / 1rz1 om o1 1o (oorzoo om ooo ooo in Kushano-Bactrian), Siva standing facing, holding diadem and trident; behind, the bull Nandi standing left. Cribb 7 var. (control mark above tamgha); ANS Kushan 2359; MK 752–3 var. (same) . Lightly toned, small edge scuff. EF. Well struck for issue. ($2000) 162


880. KUSHANO-SASANIANS. Vahrām (Bahram) I. Circa AD 330-365. AV Dinar (36mm, 7.73 g, 12h). Boxlo (Balkh) mint. Struck under Kidarite kings Yasada and Kirada, circa AD 340-345. bo©o oorAurAmoo ozorkokosokosduo (bogo oorhromoo ozorkokoshokoshoho in Kushano-Bactrian), Vahram standing left on ground line, wearing lotus crown with ribbons and surmounted by pomegranate, flames at shoulders, sacrificing at altar and holding trident; to left, trident standard above altar, middle prong surmounted by crescent; 2 to left of trident; ( between legs; ˘ below left arm; to right, ) and and bdcd (mint signature); four pellets in outer margin / 1rz1 om o1 1o (oorzoo om ooo ooo in Kushano-Bactrian), Siva standing facing, holding diadem and trident; behind, the bull Nandi standing left. Cribb 2A; ANS Kushan –; MK 754. Toning in devices, slight double strike on obverse, die rust on reverse. EF. Extremely rare. ($2500)

Ex Adams Collection – Published in ANS Kushan

881. KUSHANO-SASANIANS. Vahrām (Bahram) I. Circa AD 330-365. AV Dinar (36mm, 7.73 g, 12h). Boxlo (Balkh) mint. Struck under Kidarite kings Yasada and Kirada, circa AD 340-345. bo©o oorAurAmoo ozorkokosokosduo (bogo oorhromoo ozorkokoshokoshoho in Kushano-Bactrian), Vahram standing left on ground line, wearing lotus crown with ribbons and surmounted by pomegranate, flames at shoulders, sacrificing at altar and holding trident; to left, trident standard above altar, middle prong surmounted by crescent; 2 to left of trident; ˘ below left arm; ) to right / 1om 1 (ooom oo in Kushano-Bactrian), Siva standing facing, holding diadem and trident; behind, the bull Nandi standing left. ANS Kushan 2410 (this coin); Cribb, Kidarites 4A; MK 719/2 (same rev. die). Near EF. Good reverse strike for issue. ($1500) Ex Dr. Lawrence A. Adams Collection (Part III, Triton XIX, 6 January 2016), lot 2163, purchased from Stephen Album, May 1983.

882. KUSHANO-SASANIANS. Vahrām (Bahram) I. Circa AD 330-365. AV Dinar (36mm, 7.78 g, 12h). Boxlo (Balkh) mint. Struck under Kidarite king Kidara, circa AD 350-365. bdGo o7oGooπoo ozoococosocosouΩd (bogo oorohookoo ozooxoxoshoxoshohso in Kushano-Bactrian), Vahram standing left on ground line, wearing lotus crown with ribbons and surmounted by pomegranate, flames at shoulders, sacrificing at altar and holding trident; to left, trident standard above altar, middle prong surmounted by crescent; 2 to left of trident; to right, ) above z / 1zo o1o (oozo oooo in Kushano-Bactrian), Siva standing facing, holding diadem and trident; behind, the bull Nandi standing left. Cf. Cribb, Kidarites B6 (for type); cf. MK 733 (same); ANS Kushan 2424 = Adams III 2169; Donum Burns 818 var. (pellets below arm). Typical double strike on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

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ROMAN PROVINCIAL COINAGE

883. GAUL, Nemausus. Augustus, with Agrippa. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ As (27mm, 12.75 g, 12h). Struck circa AD 10-14. IMP above, DIVI F below, Heads of Agrippa, wearing combined rostral crown and laurel wreath, and Augustus, laureate, back to back; P P flanking / Crocodile right, chained to palm frond; at top, wreath with long ties; two palm fronds at base; COL NEM flanking palm. RPC I 525; RIC I 159. Attractive even green patina, short flan crack, a few minor scratches. Good VF. ($1500)

884. THRACE, Philippopolis. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. Æ Medallion (36mm, 25.53 g, 6h). Games issue. AVT K M AVPHΛIOC ANTΩNEINOC CEB, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / KENΔPEICEIA ПYΘIA EN ΦIΛIППO, ПOΛI NEΩ/KOPΩ in two lines in exergue, octastyle temple façade of Apollo Kendreiseios, set on tiered base; shield over spear in pediment; aplustres as acroteria. Mouchmov, Philippopolis –; Varbanov 1667 (same dies as illustration); CN –. Green and dark brown surfaces, slight double strike on obverse, minor die rust on reverse. EF. Rare. ($2000)

Artistic Hercules

885. THRACE, Philippopolis. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. Æ Pentassarion (29mm, 17.35 g, 7h). AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / MHTPOПOΛEΩC ΦIΛIППOПOΛEΩC (NE)Ω, KOPOV in exergue, Hercules, naked, lion skin draped over right forearm, standing right, resting right hand on hip and holding club set on rock in left hand. Mouchmov, Philippopolis –; Varbanov 1723 (same dies as illustration); CN Online cn.philippopolis.11037. Brown and green patina, minor edge flaw. EF. Fine style with an artistic rendering of a weary Hercules. Very rare. ($2000) This reverse type copies a famed Greek bronze sculpture dating to the 4th century BC, generally thought to be the work of the artist Lysippus. It depicts a weary Hercules after completing his Labors: he is shown leaning on his club, draped with the skin of the Nemean Lion and set upright on a rock, and he holds the Apples of the Hesperides behind his back in his right hand. Like many other masterpieces of Greek art, Lysippus’s sculpture was widely copied by the Romans. The most famous copy of this particular work is the marble “Farnese Hercules,” discovered in the excavations of the Baths of Caracalla in 1546. It stood for over 200 years in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome, from whence it gained its name, and was moved to Naples in 1787, where it is now displayed in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale.

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An Offering of Coins from BCD Thessaly II (Triton XV)

886. THESSALY, Magnetes. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Diassarion (20mm, 5.03 g, 6h). [AV K M AV] ΑΝΤωNЄIN[OⅭ], laureate and draped young bust right / AKPAIOC ΜΑΓΝΗΤωΝ, Zeus standing facing, head right, holding scepter in right hand, thunderbolt in left. BCD Thessaly II 434.1 (this coin); cf. Rogers fig. 189 (for rev. type only). Green-red patina, light pitting in some areas, a few reverse letters weakly struck. Near VF. Very rare. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 434.1 .

Ex Mabbott Collection

887. THESSALY, Magnetes. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Assarion (15mm, 2.02 g, 6h). M AVPH ΑΝΤωNIN, laureate head right / ΜΑΓΝΗ ΙΟΛΚΙΑ, Artemis seated left on throne with low back, holding pomegranate (or phiale) in extended right hand. BCD Thessaly II 436 (this coin); Franke, Αρτεμις, p. 62-64. Brown patina, with lighter brown highlights on the high relief areas. VF. Very rare and attractive for issue. ($400) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 436 (hammer $1200); Thomas Ollive Mabbott Collection (Part I, H. Schulman, 6 June 1969), lot 742.

888 889 888. THESSALY, Magnetes. Severus Alexander. As Caesar, AD 222. Æ Diassarion (19mm, 4.13 g, 7h). ΜΑVΡ • ΑΛ ЄΞΑΝΔΡΟC K , bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΑΚΡЄΟC ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩΝ, Zeus standing facing, head right, holding scepter in right hand, thunderbolt in left. BCD Thessaly II 439.1 (this coin); Rogers 374, fig. 192. Green patina, minor pitting. Near VF. Attractive and rare. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 439.1.

889. THESSALY, Magnetes. Severus Alexander. As Caesar, AD 222. Æ Assarion (16mm, 2.81 g, 6h). Μ ΑVAΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ[C K], bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΙΟΛΚΙΑΜ ΑΓΝΗΤΩ, Artemis seated left on backless throne, pomegranate (or phiale) in extended right hand. BCD Thessaly II 439.2 (this coin); Franke, Αρτεμις, p. 63. Dark green patina with minor roughness and the obverse edge struck a little weakly between 3 and 5 o’clock. Good Fine. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 439.2; Thomas Ollive Mabbott Collection (Part I, H. Schulman, 6 June 1969), lot 743.

890. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Claudius. AD 41-54. Æ Tetrassarion (24mm, 14.07 g, 12h). Antigonos, strategos. ΣEBAΣTHΩN ΘEΣΣAΛΩ N, laureate head left / ANTIΓONOY ΣTPATHΓOY, Apollo Kitharoedos standing right, holding kithara in his left hand, playing it with his right; à in left field. BCD Thessaly II 922 (this coin); Burrer Em. 1, Series 1, 9 (A4/R6); RPC I 1433. Attractive dark brown-green surfaces. Good VF. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 922 (hammer $1500).

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892 891 891. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Triassarion (28mm, 12.61 g, 1h). Laouchos, strategos. NEPΩN KAIΣAP ΘEΣΣA[ΛΩ]N, laureate head right / ΛAOVXOV ΣT PATHΓOV, Apollo Delphinios, raising right arm overhead, holding bow and arrow in left hand, seated left, torso facing, on basis inscribed [A]TЄI/MH/TOC/ЄΠOI in four lines. BCD Thessaly II 942.1 (this coin); Burrer Em. 2, Series 3, Grp. 1, 64.1 (A23/R44) = RPC 1443 corr. = Moustaka 85 (this coin, illustrated in all references). Brown surfaces, scratches. Near VF. Unique. ($400) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 942.1; Thomas Ollive Mabbott Collection (Part I, H. Schulman, 6 June 1969), lot 748. The reverse of this coin and the following coin are struck from the same die. RPC misread the inscription on the basis for both coins. Although RPC Supp. lists the correction to the reading of the legend on the basis, both Burrer and RPC incorrectly mark the unreadable part on this coin (both simply repeated the exact reading of the legend from Burrer 64.1, without modifying it).

892. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. temp. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Triassarion (28mm, 10.47 g, 1h). Laouchos, strategos. EIPHNH [Σ]EBAΣTH ΘEΣΣ[AΛΩ]N, draped bust of Eirene right, wearing wreath of grain ears and olive branch / [ΛAOVXOV ΣT]-PATHΓOV, Apollo Delphinios, raising right arm overhead, holding bow and arrow in left hand, seated left, torso facing, on basis inscribed [A]TЄI/MH/TOC/ЄΠOI in four lines. BCD Thessaly II 942.2 (this coin); Burrer Em. 2 (of Nero), Series 4, Grp. 1, 79.1 (A28/R44) = RPC I 1450 corr. (this coin, illustrated in both references). Brown surfaces, numerous scratches. Fine. Extremely rare, one of two known to BCD. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 942.2; Thomas Ollive Mabbott Collection (Part I, H. Schulman, 6 June 1969), lot 750. Struck from the same reverse die as the previous lot, but with the added engraving of a kithara in the left field.

893 894 893. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Assarion (20mm, 4.28 g, 6h). Ulpius Nikomachos, strategos. AΔPIANON KAICAPA ΘЄCCA[ΛOI], laureate head right / (CTPA) é NIK OMAXOY, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 951.3 (this coin); Burrer Em. 1, Series 1, 33.1 corr. (A8/R28 – this coin, rev. illustrated on pl. 17; Є not E, X not X); RPC III 451. Green patina. VF. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 951.3.

894. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Diassarion (20mm, 5.80 g, 6h). Ulpius Nikomachos, strategos. AΔPIANON KAICAPA ΘЄCCAΛOI, laureate heroic bust right, slight drapery / (CTPA) é NIK OMAXOY, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 951.6 (this coin); Burrer Em. 1, Series 1, 73.1 corr. (A15a/R52 – this coin; Є not E); RPC III 453 (same obv. die as illustration). Green patina. Near VF. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 951.6.

895. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Diassarion (20mm, 3.34 g, 6h). Ulpius Nikomachos, strategos. AΔPIA[NO]N KAICAPA ΘЄCCAΛ[OI], laureate bust right, trace of aegis at point of bust / (CTPA) ê NIK OMAXOY, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 952.5 (this coin); Burrer Em. 1, Series 1, 125.1 corr. (A24/R90 – this coin, illustrated on pls. 16 and 19; Є not E, variation in monogram); cf. RPC III 452 (slight drapery). Green patina, flan preparation marks. VF. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 952.5.

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896. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. temp. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Assarion (14mm, 2.51 g, 3h). AXI ΛΛЄVC, head of Achilles right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Pegasos / ΘЄCC AΛ ωN, horse trotting right. BCD Thessaly II 956.1 (this coin); Burrer Em. 1, Series 2, Grp. 1, 141 corr. (A35/R116; Є not E); RPC III 463.1 (this coin). Dark green patina. Good VF. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 956.1. When originally sold in Triton XV (as lot 956), this coin and the next coin together hammered for $2250.

897. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. temp. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Assarion (14mm, 2.51 g, 3h). Ulpius Nichomachos, strategos. AXI ΛΛЄVC, head of Achilles right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Pegasos / NI KOMA XOY, horse trotting right. BCD Thessaly II 956.2 (this coin); Burrer Em. 1, Series 2, Grp. 4, 150.1 corr. (A40/R125 – this coin, illustrated on pl. 19; Є not E); RPC III 459.23 (this coin). Green patina. VF. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 956.2. When originally sold in Triton XV (as lot 956), this coin and the previous coin together hammered for $2250.

898 899 898. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Tetrassarion (25mm, 20.98 g, 7h). [AYT] M AYP ANTω[NЄINOC], laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / KOINON ΘЄCCAΛωN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 957 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G 1; Rogers 94, fig. 34. Green patina, a few cleaning marks. VF. Very rare. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 957 (hammer $700).

899. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Tetrassarion (29mm, 20.28 g, 7h). AYT M AYP ANTω[NЄIN]OC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / [KOINON] ΘЄCCAΛωN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 958 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G 1; Rogers 94, fig. 34. Attractive green patina, rough in a few spots along the edge. VF. Very rare. ($400) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 958 (hammer $1700).

900. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Diassarion (25mm, 11.40 g, 6h). AYT M AYP AN TωNЄINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / KOINON Θ ЄCCAΛωN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 960.4 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G 2 var. (bust type); Rogers 95 var. (same); BCD Thessaly, 1412 corr. (cuirass not noted). Green patina. VF. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 960.4 (hammer $1700).

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901. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Assarion (17mm, 4.38 g, 4h). [AYT] M AYP AN TωN[ЄINOC], laureate head right / [KOINON] Θ ЄCCAΛωN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 961.2 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G 3; Rogers 96, fig. 36 var. (rev. legend break). Green patina. Good VF. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 961.2.

902. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Assarion (20mm, 7.71 g, 11h). AYT M AYP ANT ωNЄINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / KOINON ΘЄCCAΛωN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 963 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G 3 var. (bust type); Rogers 96 var. (same). Green patina. Near VF. Apparently unique, only this coin appearing in CoinArchives. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 963 (hammer $1100). This piece, with a different bust type than typical for this issue, also exhibits an unusual style and the dies appear to have been smaller than usual for the assaria. Perhaps these dies were intended to be used on an even smaller denomination, but were instead employed for striking assaria?

903 904 903. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. Æ Tetrassarion (31mm, 24.05 g, 9h). ΦAVCTЄINA CЄBACTH, draped bust right / KOINON ΘЄCCAΛωN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 964 = Burrer, MA-G 5 (this coin); Rogers 97, fig. 37. Green patina with some red. VF. Very rare. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 964 (hammer $1500).

904. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Septimius Severus, with Geta as Caesar. AD 193-211. Æ Tetrassarion (27mm, 11.91 g, 3h). AV Λ CЄΠ CЄBHPOC Π, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Septimius right / ΛOY [CЄY] ΓЄTAN ΘЄCCAΛOI, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Geta right; Δ (mark of value) below. BCD Thessaly II 968 = Burrer, MA-G 9 (this coin); Rogers –. Green and red patina. Near VF. Extremely rare, only two examples – including this coin – in CoinArchives. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 968 (hammer $500).

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905. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Septimius Severus, with Geta as Caesar. AD 193-211. Æ Diassarion (22mm, 6.96 g, 10h). AV Λ CЄΠ CЄBHPOC [Π], laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Septimius right / ΛO CЄ [ΓЄ]TAN ΘЄCCAΛOI, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust of Geta right; B (mark of value) below. BCD Thessaly II 969 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G 13 var. (legends); Rogers –. Dark green patina, a few minor pits. VF. Extremely rare, one of only three in CoinArchives. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 969 (hammer $1300).

906 907 906. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ Tetrassarion (27mm, 12.04 g, 5h). Struck circa AD 193-211. I[O]YΛI[A] AYΓO[YCT], draped bust right / [KOIN]ON ΘЄCCAΛωN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 970.1 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G –; Rogers –. Dark green patina. Fine. Unpublished with this obverse legend, and this is the only example in CoinArchives. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 970.1.

907. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ Triassarion (24mm, 7.06 g, 5h). Struck circa AD 193-211. [I]OYΛIA AY[ΓOYCT], draped bust right / KOINO[N] ΘЄCCAΛωN, Nike, holding wreath in extended right hand, reins in left, driving triga galloping right; Γ (mark of value) below horses. BCD Thessaly II 970.2 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G 19 var. (orientation of rev. legend); Rogers 105 var. (same). Green patina. Near VF. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 970.2.

908 909 908. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Julia Domna, with Caracalla and Geta as Caesar. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ Tetrassarion (29mm, 11.46 g, 6h). Struck circa AD 198-211. [I]OYΛIAN ΔO MNAN AYΓ, draped bust of Julia Domna right / M AP ANTωNЄINOC AVΓ C ΓЄTAC , laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right, vis-à-vis bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust of Geta left; KOINON above, ΘЄCCAΛO below. BCD Thessaly II 972 = Burrer, MA-G 17 (this coin); Rogers –. Rough green patina. Good Fine. Only this coin in CoinArchives. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 972 (hammer $800; there noted by BCD as “[A] unique coin of great interest and importance.”).

909. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Triassarion (24mm, 9.02 g, 7h). Struck circa AD 214-217. Λ K M ΛV ANTΩNINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right / ΘЄC[CA]ΛΩN KOINON, Nike, holding wreath in extended right hand, reins in left, driving triga galloping right; Γ (mark of value) below horses. BCD Thessaly II 976 (this coin); Burrer, MA-G 31 var. (legends, star on obv.); Rogers 113f var. (rev. legend). Brown surfaces. VF. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 976 (hammer $1100), purchased from Baldwin’s, December 1968 for £1.

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910. THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly. Geta. As Caesar, AD 198-209. Æ Assarion (17mm, 3.75 g, 12h). AY ΛOY CE ΓЄTAC, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / KOINON ΘЄCC[AΛ]ωN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm. BCD Thessaly II 981 = Burrer, MA-G 27 (this coin); Rogers –. Brown and red patina. Near VF. Unique die pair, only this coin in CoinArchives. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 981 (hammer $1200). “This is the first Thessalian Geta this writer ever acquired; it appeared in the 60s as part of an old collection. To find a coin of an Emperor not even mentioned in Rogers was a revelation and at the same time a reminder that no book on ancient Greek coins can be complete, no matter how narrow is the subject treated. What has been really surprising though is that the coin still remains unique, at least to this writer’s knowledge and up to the time of writing.” [BCD]

Unique Labors of Hercules Issue

911. BITHYNIA, Prusias ad Hypium. Macrinus. AD 217-218. Æ Decassarion(?) (34mm, 21.46 g, 7h). Labors of Hercules issue. The Fouth Labor – The Erymanthian Boar. AV·T · K M OΠЄΛ CЄOV[H]P MAKPINOC AVC (sic), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΠPOVCIЄ ON ΠΡO, C VΠΙO in exergue (sic), Hercules, wearing lion’s skin, standing right, holding Erymanthian Boar over his shoulder, displaying it to Eurystheus, who stands left at Hercules’s feet, his arms raised in terror. Unpublished in the standard references. Red-brown and dark green surfaces, minor roughness. Near EF. Unique. ($3000) In the Fourth Labor, Hercules was charged with capturing the Erymanthian Boar. The beast resided in a grove sacred to Artemis near Mount Erymanthus in Arcadia, and would descend from the wilderness to wreck havoc on the surrounding farms and groves. During his hunt for the Boar, Hercules visited his friend, the centaur Pholus, who lived in a cave on the mountain. The centaur provided the hungry and thirsty hero with food, but shied from offering him the wine he had because it did not belong to him, and was for the use of all the centaurs. Hercules, nevertheless, opened the jar, and, smelling the wine’s aroma, the other centaurs became excited and intoxicated. A fight soon ensued, and Hercules slew a number of centaurs with arrows poisoned by the blood of the Hydra. During the melee, another of Hercules’s friends, the kindly centaur Chiron, was accidentally wounded. Although Chiron did not die, as he was immortal, he did experience great pain. Hercules attempted to medicate the wound, but his efforts were of little avail. In return for his kindness, however, Chiron offered advice to the hero as to how he could capture the Boar. Now back on task after his disastrous dawdling, Hercules trapped the Boar by pursuing it through the mountain snows until the creature collapsed from exhaustion. Netting the animal, he carried it back to Tiryns and presented it to Eurystheus. Frightened by the Boar, Eurystheus hid himself in a large bronze crater, as is depicted here. This scene is well known from an Attic Black-Figure vase of the late sixth century BC in the David M. Robinson Collection in the University of Mississippi (D.M. Robinson, “Unpublished Greek Vases in the Robinson Collection,” AJA 60.1 [January 1956], 12, and pl. 8).

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912. CILICIA, Tarsus. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AR Tridrachm (25.5mm, 10.56 g, 12h). AYT KAI ΘE TPA ΠAP YI ΘE NEP YI TPAI A∆PIANOC CE, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder, balteus across right shoulder / TAPCEΩN MHTPOΠΟΛΕΩC, lion bringing down bull to left. RPC III 3264; Prieur 765; SNG Levante 997. Attractive light toning, tiny spot of verdigris on reverse. Near EF. ($1000)

913. CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia. Tiberius, with Drusus Caesar. AD 14-37. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.82 g, 12h). Struck AD 33-34. TI · CAES · AVG P M (TR) P · XXXV, laureate head of Tiberius right / DRVSVS · CAES · TI · AVG · COS · II · (TR) · P, bare head of Drusus left. RPC I 3622b; Sydenham, Caesarea 47; RIC I 86-7 var. (rev. legend). Toned, a few light scratches and marks beneath toning. Good VF. Good style portraits. ($500)

Armenia in Mourning

914. ARMENIA MINOR, Nicopolis ad Lycum. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ ‘Sestertius’ (35mm, 26.19 g, 11h). Dated RY 17 and CY 43 (AD 114/5). AYT KAIC NЄP TPAIANOC C ЄB ΓЄPM ΔAK TO Z[I], laureate bust right, slight drapery / KOINON A P MЄNIAC ЄTOYC MΓ, Armenia seated left on shields, in attitude of mourning; trophy of arms to left. RPC III 2944; RG 8; SNG von Aulock 146. Dark greenish-brown surfaces, a few light scratches and marks. VF. Very rare, RPC lists only eleven specimens. Exceptional condition for the issue, with its harsh portrait of Trajan. ($3000) The kingdom of Armenia Minor was given to Aristobulus by Nero in AD 54. It was then annexed by Vespasian and incorporated into Cappadocia with its main city being Nicopolis ad Lycum (modern Yesilyayla in Turkey). Trajan led his military campaign against Armenia, and once again, it was annexed into the Empire in AD 114, which is commemorated on this sestertius-sized coin issued that same year.

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Wonderful Cleopatra Portrait

915. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Mark Antony & Cleopatra. Circa 36-34 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 15.03 g, 12h). BACIΛICCA KΛЄOΠATPA ΘЄA NЄωTЄPA, diademed bust of Cleopatra right, wearing earring, necklace, and embroidered dress / ANTωNIOC AVTOKPATωP TRITON TPIωN ANΔPωN, bare head of Antony right. McAlee 174/1; Prieur 27; RPC I 4094; HGC 9, 1361. Toned, some porosity/roughness, minor flan crack, trace of double strike on reverse. Good VF. Excellent portrait of Antony & Cleopatra. ($50,000) The obverse legend is usually translated as “Queen Cleopatra, the younger goddess” or “...the newer goddess.” Ted Buttrey (“Thea Neotera,” MN VI [1954], pp. 95-109) read the legend rather differently: “Queen Cleopatra Thea, junior.” Essentially, this would make her Cleopatra Thea II and thus the namesake of the Seleucid queen Cleopatra Thea (ruled 125-121 BC), the daughter of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II. Buttrey argued that such tetradrachms of Antony and Cleopatra officially mark Cleopatra as reigning “...not as Egyptian conquerer but as a Seleucid queen.” While the coinage is traditionally given to the Antioch mint, this attribution is by no means certain. The authors of RPC (pp. 601-2) thought diffrently: “...the portraits might suggest that one should look for a mint further south in Cleopatra’s ‘Phoenician’ kingdom; an alternative explanation might be that they were made on the move by Antony, after wintering in Antioch 37/36.”

Finest Known

916. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 15.10 g, 12h). Dated RY 2 (AD 68/9). AYTOKPATωP CЄPOYIOC ΓΑΛBAC CЄBACTOC, bare head right / Eagle standing left on wreath, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; palm frond to left, ЄTOYC B (date) in exergue. McAlee 310; Prieur 99; RPC I 4197. Lightly toned, a few minor deposits on the reverse. Superb EF. A well-executed, robust, and veristic portrait. Probably the finest known. ($15,000) 172


Exceptional Trajan Didrachm

917. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.35 g, 6h). Struck AD 98-99. AYTOKP KAIC NЄP TPAIANOC CЄB ΓЄPM, laureate head right / ∆HMAPX ЄΞ YΠAT B, draped bust of Atargatis (Baalat-Hera) left, wearing cylindrical headdress, holding short scepter in her right hand and volumen in left. RPC III 3575/12 (this coin cited); McAlee 481; Metcalf 58 corr. (obv. legend, Caesarea); Sydenham 174 (Caesarea). Toned. Choice EF. Among the finest known. ($5000) Ex Sternberg XXXV (28 October 2000), lot 506; Numismatic Fine Arts XII (23 March 1983), lot 248.

918. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Laodicea ad Mare. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 14.19 g, 12h). Struck AD 205-207. AVT • KAI • ANTΩNЄINOC • C •, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΔHMAPX • ЄΞ • VΠATOC • B •, eagle standing facing, head and tail right, with wings spread; star between legs. Prieur 1130 (this coin); Prieur & Amandry Group I, 9; McAlee, Severan, Group I, 5. Toned, minor deposits, light graffito to left of eagle’s head. Near EF. Great portrait. ($750) Ex Michel Prieur Collection.

919

920

919. JUDAEA, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem). Diadumenian. As Caesar, AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 14.36 g, 12h). M OΠ ANTωN • KAI, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Δ HMAPX ЄΞ V[ΠAT]OC ΠΠ, eagle standing facing on thyrsus, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; wine jar (amphora) between legs. Prieur 1646; Meshorer, Aelia 99a = Sofaer 96 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, light porosity on the obverse, porosity and a few shallow pits on the reverse. VF. Extremely rare, only two cited by Prieur, and four in CoinArchives. ($2000) 920. JUDAEA, Gaza. Macrinus. AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.35 g, 7h). AVT K M ΟΠ [CЄ] MAKPINOC CЄ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΔHMAPX ЄΞ VΠATOC T ∆, eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; symbol of Marnas to upper right; between legs, six-rayed star. Prieur 1696 var. (obv. legend); Sofaer –. Lightly toned, even porosity. Near VF. Extremely rare, only one cited by Prieur, and none in CoinArchives. ($750)

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921. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antinoüs. Died AD 130. Æ Drachm (33mm, 23.50 g, 12h). Dated RY 19 of Hadrian (AD 134/135). ANTINOOY HPωOC, draped bust right, wearing hem–hem crown / Antinoüs, cloaked and holding caduceus, on horseback right; L/IΘ (date) to right and below raised foreleg. Köln 1275-6 var. (placement of date); Dattari (Savio) 2081-2; K&G 34a.1; Blum 5; RPC III 6062; Emmet 1346.19. Dark green surfaces with light earthen deposits. Good VF. An attractive portrait. ($3000) From the Toliver Besson Collection. Ex Roma VIII (28 March 2014), lot 787; Roma Numismatics V (23 March 2013), lot 797. One of the most remarkable cults of the ancient world was that which grew up around the youth Antinoüs, a boy from Claudiopolis in Bithynia, who attracted the attention of the emperor Hadrian. Hadrian apparently had little love for his wife Sabina, and chose instead to shower favors on the handsome youth, whom he apparently chanced upon during a visit to Bithynia. During the emperor’s tour of Egypt in October AD 130, Antinoüs fell into the Nile and drowned, an event resulting in suspicions of suicide or ritual murder. The distraught Hadrian had his favorite immediately deified, and the worship of Antinoüs became an important facet of the imperial cult.

Exquisite Early Portrait – Ex Staffieri Collection

922. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Drachm (34.5mm, 26.91 g, 12h). Dated RY 2 (AD 138/139). AVT • K • T AIΛ A∆P • ANTωNINOC [ЄVC]ЄB, bareheaded and draped bust right / ЄVΘHNIA, Euthenia, wearing a crown of an uraeus between two grain ears, reclining left on androsphinx, holding two grain ears with her right hand, and an outstretched fold of her garment containing fruit and lotus; L B (date) in exergue. Köln 1302; Dattari (Savio) 8446-7; K&G 35.21; Emmett 1518.2; Staffieri, Alexandria In Nummis 109 (this coin) = RPC IV.4 Online 13423/32 (this coin cited and illustrated). Dark brown patina with touches of green and red. EF. An early portrait of exquisite execution. ($2000) Ex Giovanni Maria Staffieri Collection (Triton XXI, 9 January 2018), lot 111, purchased by Staffieri from Numismatica Aretusa SA (Lugano– Franco Chiesa), February 1976.

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The Third Labor: Hercules and the Cerynean Hind – A Masterpiece

923. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Drachm (35mm, 27.94 g, 12h). Labors of Hercules series. Dated RY 4 (AD 140/141). AYT K T AIΛ A∆P • ANTωNINOC • ЄYCЄB •, laureate head right / Hercules and the Cerynean Hind – Hercules standing right, grasping the antlers of the Cerynean Hind with both hands and leaning on its back with his left knee; behind, Hercules’ club upright; L TЄ TAPTOV (date) around. Köln –; Dattari (Savio) 8491 (this coin); K&G –; Emmett 1547.4 (R3); Staffieri, Alexandria In Nummis 151 (this coin) = RPC IV.4 Online 15598/3 (this coin cited and illustrated). Lovely dark brown patina with smooth surfaces. Good VF. Very rare. A masterpiece. Only two far inferior examples have been sold at auction since 2000, before this coin appeared in the Staffieri sale. ($15,000) Ex Giovanni Maria Staffieri Collection (Triton XXI, 9 January 2018), lot 152 (hammer $17,000), purchased by Staffieri from Dr. Piero Beretta, Milan, October 1976; Dr. Piero Beretta Collection (Milan); Giovanni Dattari Collection, no. 8491. For his Third Labor, Hercules was required to capture the Cerynean Hind, with its brazen hooves and golden horns, alive and bring it from Oenoe to Mycenae. Hercules chased the stag for one full year before it finally tired, and then he captured it – as shown on the coin type. This type was struck at Alexandria for Pius’ regnal years 4, 5, 6, and 10.

175


924. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. BI Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.94 g, 11h). Dated RY 23 (AD 159/160). TI AI A∆ ANTωNINOC ЄV, laureate and draped bust right / Draped busts vis-à-vis of Sarapis and Isis; Sarapis wearing taenia and ornate kalathos and Isis wearing headdress of two plumes on a solar disk with a horn to either side; L below, K above, and Γ to right (L KΓ – date). Köln –; Dattari (Savio) 2377; K&G 35.817; RPC IV.4 Online 14360/3 & 10 (this coin cited and illustrated twice); Emmett 1434.23 (R3). Deeply toned. VF. Well centered. Very rare, with only six specimens appearing in CoinArchives, incuding this coin. ($1000) From the TAB Collection. Ex New Orleans Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 109, 12 September 2018), lot 470, purchased from Nilus Coins, March 1998; Numismatic Fine Arts Fall Mail Bid Sale (18 October 1990), lot 2409.

Two Alexandrian Issues of Domitius Domitianus

925. EGYPT, Alexandria. Domitius Domitianus. Usurper, AD 297-298. Potin Octadrachm (23mm, 13.10 g, 12h). Dated RY 2 (AD 297/298). ΔOMITI ANOC CЄB, radiate head right / Serapis standing right, raising right arm, holding scepter with left; palm frond to left, L B (date) across field. Köln 3367 var. (position of date); Dattari (Savio) 10821; K&G 126.2 var. (same); Emmett 4241.2. Black surfaces with reddish earthen deposits, thin die break on obverse. VF. Rare. ($1000) The revolt of Domitius Domitianus in Egypt destabilized a vitally strategic region by interrupting the grain supply to Rome and opening the possibility of a Persian (Sasanian) invasion. For almost a year, Domitius Domitianus controlled Alexandria and its mint, striking aurei and folles, as well as a series of pre-reform provincial denominations.

926. EGYPT, Alexandria. Domitius Domitianus. Usurper, AD 297-298. Potin Tetradrachm(?) (18mm, 7.76 g, 12h). Dated RY 2 (AD 297/298). ΔOMITI ANOC CЄB, laureate head right / Nike standing facing, head left, holding a wreath with her extended right hand and a palm frond with her left; L B (date) across field. Köln 3370; Dattari (Savio) 6184-5; K&G 126.4; Emmett 4246.2. Dark brown patina with traces of green. Good VF. Rare. Includes old collection tickets indicating that it was purchased from J. Eisenberg, probably circa 1960s. ($1500)

927. CYRENAICA, Cyrene. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Hemidrachm (15.5mm, 2.01 g, 6h). Struck AD 100. AYT KAIΣ NEP TPAIA N ΣEB ΓEPM, laureate head right / ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠAT Γ, horned head of Zeus-Ammon right. RPC III 3; BMC 56-7 (Caesarea); Sydenham, Caesarea 178. Lovely light cabinet toning, minor flan crack. EF. ($1000) 176


928. SYRTICA, Oea. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ (32mm, 19.25 g, 3h). Struck circa AD 22-29. TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head left, pellet below; to left eagle facing, head right, holding palm frond; laurel branch to right / Laureate and draped bust of Apollo right; WY’T (in Neo-Punic) left; cithara to right; all within laurel wreath with central rosette. RPC I 832; MAA 34; Müller, Afrique 37; SNG Copenhagen 31. Attractive brown patina. VF. ($750)

ROMAN REPUBLICAN COINAGE

929. Anonymous. Circa 250-240 BC. AR Didrachm (17.5mm, 6.51 g, 6h). Rome (or Neapolis?) mint. Head of Roma (or Diana) right, wearing Phrygian helmet; crescent to left / Victory standing right attaching wreath to long palm frond; rOÂANO upward to left, RR to lower right. Crawford 22/1; Burnett, Romano, pl. IV, 63 (same dies) and this coin cited in article on p. 45; Sydenham 21a; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 43; RSC 7a; RBW –. Toned, a few light marks. Good VF. Nice metal for the issue. ($3000) Ex Münzen und Medaillen AG XIX (5 June 1959), lot 4.

930. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Didrachm – Quadrigatus (24mm, 6.72 g, 5h). Uncertain mint. Laureate head of Janus; curved truncation / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt with right hand and holding scepter in left, in quadriga right driven by Victory; rOÂa incuse on raised tablet in exergue. Crawford 28/3; Sydenham 64; RSC 23; HN Italy 334; RBW 65–6. Lovely cabinet toning with some iridescence, a few areas of find patina on the reverse, a few light marks and scratches beneath toning. Near EF. Struck on a broad flan. Exceptional. ($2000) Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 388.

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931. Anonymous. Circa 225-217 BC. Æ Aes Grave As (65mm, 257.65 g, 12h). Prow right, libral cast series. Rome mint. Head of bearded Janus; – (mark of value) below; all on a raised disk / Prow of galley right; i (mark of value) above; all on a raised disk. Crawford 35/1; Sydenham 71; ICC 74; Thurlow-Vecchi 51; HN Italy 337; RBW 83. Dark green and brown patina, casting hole in center of reverse. Good VF. ($2000)

932. Anonymous. Circa 225-217 BC. Æ Aes Grave As (62mm, 285.60 g, 12h). Prow left, libral cast series. Rome mint. Head of bearded Janus on a raised disk / Prow of galley left; i (mark of value) above; all on a raised disk. Crawford 36/1; Sydenham 78; ICC 86; Thurlow-Vecchi 57; HN Italy 337; RBW 91. Dark green patina with touches of red, some minor smoothing on reverse. Good VF. Very rare with prow to left. ($4000) From the JFL Collection. Ex Collection V.C. (Classical Numismatic Group 79, 17 September 2008), lot 774; Numismatica Ars Classica 40 (16 May 2007), lot 387.

933. Anonymous. Circa 215-212 BC. Æ Aes Grave As (39mm, 77.57 g, 6h). Post-semilibral series. Rome mint. Laureate head of bearded Janus on a raised disk / Prow left on a raised disk; | (mark of value) above. Crawford 41/5a; Sydenham 101; Thurlow & Vecchi 70; Haeberlin pl. 49, 18; ICC 105; RBW 114. Attractive dark green patina with a dusting of earthen deposits, a few light scratches on the high points. Good VF. ($1000) 178


934. Anonymous. 211-208 BC. AV 60 Asses (14.5mm, 3.37 g, 12h). Rome mint. Bearded head of Mars right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; çc (mark of value) to left / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, with wings spread; rOÂA below. Crawford 44/2; Sydenham 226; Bahrfeldt 4a; Biaggi 3; RBW 160–1. Lustrous, tiny die break from crest to beard. Choice EF. ($5000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 76 (12 September 2007), lot 1160; Classical Numismatic Group 41 (19 March 1997), lot 1517.

935 936 935. Anonymous. 211-208 BC. AR Victoriatus (16.5mm, 3.35 g, 1h). Luceria L (second Crawford series). Luceria mint. Laureate head of Jupiter right, with free-flowing hair; all within bead and reel border / Victory standing right, placing wreath on trophy; l between, rOÂA in exergue. Crawford 97/1a; Sydenham 121; RSC 36e*; RBW 394. Lamination on reverse. In NGC encapsulation 4374448-091, graded MS. Flan flaw noted on NGC insert. ($500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

936. T. Quinctius Flamininus. 126 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.94 g, 11h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; apex to left, • (mark of value) below chin / The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; T-q to either side of Macedonian shield below; rOÂA in exergue. Crawford 267/1; Sydenham 505; Quinctia 2; BMCRR Rome 1038; RBW 1078. Lustrous with light die rust. In NGC encapsulation, 4374041-008, graded Ch MS. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

937. C. Caecilius Metellus Caprarius. 125 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.94 g, 3h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; rOÂA downward to left, • (mark of value) below chin / Jupiter, holding reins and thunderbolt, driving biga of elephants left; above, Victory flying right, holding wreath; in exergue, [C •] /TeLLuÍ. Crawford 269/1; Sydenham 485; Caecilia 14; BMCRR Rome 1180; RBW 1085. Toned, a few scratches on the obverse, lamination flaw on the reverse. Good VF. ($750) From the TAB Collection.

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The Social War

938. The Social War. Coinage of the Marsic Confederation. 90-88 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.75 g, 10h). Bovianum(?) mint. Series 9b, 89 BC. Laureate head of Italia left, wearing single drop earring and pearl necklace; √iLETˆW (viteliú in Oscan) to right / Soldier standing facing, head right, foot on uncertain object, holding spear and sword; recumbent bull to right; retrograde N (= Oscan N) in exergue. Campana 143 (D99/R120); Sydenham 627; cf. RBW 1218. Deeply toned, minor reverse roughness. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Dr. Charles Schulz Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 446, 19 June 2019), lot 282; Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 1042; Classical Numismatic Review XXII.3 (Fall/Winter 1997), no. 57; Sternberg XXXII (28 October 1996), lot 222; Numismatica Ars Classica 1 (29 March 1989), lot 601. The revolt of Rome’s Italian allies (socii, hence ‘Social War’) broke out toward the close of the year 91 BC and was the culmination of longstanding grievances occasioned by the Senate’s inept handling of foreign relations. The Marsi were especially prominent in this movement, hence the name ‘Marsic Confederation,’ which is often applied to the rebel state. The main fighting was in the years 90-89 BC and the rebellion assumed alarming proportions when both consuls for 90 BC were defeated by rebel armies. Rome appeared to be in serious danger of defeat, but the movement collapsed as suddenly as it had begun. The victory was probably achieved largely through the political concession of granting Roman citizenship to the enemy. Thereafter, all of Italy south of the Po was united by this common bond. The coinage of the Marsic Confederation is of great interest, consisting principally of silver denarii, some of which bear the names of the rebel generals.

939. L. Rubrius Dossenus. 87 BC. AR Quinarius (15.5mm, 2.02 g, 1h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Neptune right; DOÍ ÍeN above and below a trident to left / Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm frond; to right, garlanded altar with snake coiled around top; l ruBri to left. Crawford 348/4; King 48; Sydenham 708; Rubria 4; BMCRR Rome 2459; RBW 1325. Attractive deep cabinet toning, some minor obverse verdigris. EF. Includes old collection ticket indicating that it was purchased from “Anthony, 1965”. ($500)

940. Q. Antonius Balbus. 83-82 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (19mm, 3.92 g, 4h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Jupiter right; Í • C downward behind, uncertain letter below chin / Victory driving quadriga right, holding reins, palm frond, and wreath; i below; œ • MO • B8B/pr in exergue. Crawford 364/1c; Sydenham 742a; Antonia 1b; cf. BMCRR Rome 273749 for type; RBW –. Beautiful iridescent toning. In NGC encapsulation, 4681749-002, graded Gem MS. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($500) From the Richard Basler Collection.

180


941. L. Censorinus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.52 g, 6h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right / Marsyas standing left, raising hand and holding wineskin over shoulder; to right, column surmounted by statue of Minerva(?) standing right; L • CeNÍOr downward to left. Crawford 363/1d; Sydenham 737; Marcia 24; BMCRR 2657-9; RBW 1372. Attractive iridescent toning, small die break on reverse. EF. ($500) Ex Dr. Nicholas Lowe Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica 15 (18 May 1999), lot 104.

Sulla Returns to Rome

942. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.99 g, 1h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right, wearing single drop earring and pendant necklace; prO œ to left, L • ÂANLi to right / Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins, being crowned by Victory flying left; L • ÍuLLA • iÂ[p] in exergue. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757a; Manlia 5; BMCRR East 7 & 11; RBW 1386. Attractively toned with some iridescence. Near EF. Struck on a broad flan. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 106 (13 September 2017), lot 650. As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla’s claim to be acting in Rome’s best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire–the celebration of a triumph at Rome.

943. Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius. 81 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.96 g, 1h). North Italian mint. Diademed head of Pietas right; before, stork right / Elephant walking left; œ • C •  • p • i in exergue. Crawford 374/1; Sydenham 750; Caecilia 43; BMCRR Spain 43-6; Kestner 3199; RBW 1396. Lightly toned with underlying luster. EF. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection (Triton XXIII, 14 January 2020), lot 588; Gemini II (10 January 2006), lot 221.

944. L. Papius. 79 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (17.5mm, 3.80 g, 6h). Rome mint. Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat-skin headdress; uncertain symbol (ear cleaner?) to left / Griffin springing right; uncertain symbol (scalpel?) below; L • pApi in exergue. Crawford 384/1 (symbols 96); Sydenham 773; Papia 1; CNR Papia 1/87 (symbols nettaorecchi/bisturi); RBW 1412-3 var. (symbols). Lightly toned, some light marks. VF. Rare symbols. ($750) 181


945. Q. Creperius M.f. Rocus. 69 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18mm, 4.93 g, 9h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Amphitrite right, seen from behind; seal(?) downward to left, D upward to right / Neptune, holding reins and brandishing trident, driving seachariot drawn by two hippocamps right; D above, [œ •] Creper[ei/rOCuÍ] in two lines below. Crawford 399/1a; Sydenham 796; Crepereia 1; BMCRR Rome 3338; RBW 1440. Toned, a couple light scratches, struck slightly off center. VF. ($750) Although all the major references refer to the lovely goddess depicted here as Amphitrite, Greek goddess of the Sea and consort of Poseidon, she should perhaps more properly be identified as her Roman counterpart, Salacia, wife of Neptune.

946. T. Vettius Sabinus. 66 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (19mm, 3.85 g, 6h). Rome mint. Bareheaded and bearded head of King Tatius right; ÍABiNuÍ downward to left, Í • C downward to right, ë (for Tatius) below chin / Togate figure, holding reins and magistrate’s scepter, driving biga left; iuDex above, stalk of grain to right, T • ueTTiuÍ in exergue. Crawford 404/1; Sydenham 905; Vettia 2; BMCRR Rome 3370-2; RBW 1446. Attractive cabinet toning with a hint of iridescence. EF. ($2000) From the JFL Collection. Ex Triton XIV (3 January 2011), lot 580 (hammer $2600); Claude Collection (Triton VIII, 11 January 2005), lot 883. The togate figure in the chariot on the reverse is identified as a IVDEX; this is usually translated as “judge,” but a more correct definition might be “arbiter.” Efforts to identify the figure have run into the problem that there was no formal independent office of Iudex and any important magistrate could be called by that title. Michael Harlan proposes that the figure could represent the moneyer himself, who may be the same Titus Vettius who served as Quaestor in Sicily circa 73 BC; the grain ear to the right of the chariot in this case would refer to Sicily, the main supplier of wheat to Rome.

947. Mn. Aquillius Mn.f. Mn.n. 65 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (19.5mm, 3.94 g, 8h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Virtus right, wearing crested helmet, ornamented at the side with feather; uirTuÍ upward to right, iii uir downward to left / Mn. Aquillius standing left, head right, raising with right hand a kneeling female figure left, Sicilia, who is half-naked and is sinking to the ground; • F • N downward to left, • AquiL upward to right, ÍiC[iL] in exergue. Crawford 401/1; Sydenham 798; Aquillia 2; BMCRR Rome 3364-9; RBW 1443. Attractively toned with some iridescence. In NGC encapsulation, 4681749003, graded Ch MS. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($500) From the Richard Basler Collection.

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948. C. Hosidius C.f. Geta. 64 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (19.5mm, 3.79 g, 5h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Diana right, wearing single drop earring and hair drawn back and tied behind, bow and quiver over shoulder; geTA downward to left, iii • uir downward to right / Calydonian boar standing right, pierced by spear and attacked by dog; [C •] hOÍiDi C • F in exergue. Crawford 407/1; Sydenham 904; Hosidia 2; BMCRR Rome 3386-7; RBW 1455. Beautiful iridescent toning. In NGC encapsulation, 4374105-004, graded Ch MS*. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($750) From the Richard Basler Collection.

949 950 949. L. Scribonius Libo. 62 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.89 g, 6h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Bonus Eventus right; LiBO downward to left; BON • eueNT downward to right / Puteal Scribonianum (Scribonian wellhead), decorated with garland and two lyres; hammer at base; RuTeAL above; ÍCriBON in exergue. Crawford 416/1a; Sydenham 928; Scribonia 8a; BMCRR Rome 3377-80; RBW 1500. Attractive iridescent toning, light hairlines on the obverse, reverse metal flaws. Near EF. Includes old collection ticket indicating that it was “acquired in Florence, 1964”. ($500) 950. M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus. 57 BC. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.85 g, 4h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Fortuna right; [uncertain symbol behind – scales?] / Half-length, draped, facing bust of Sors on tablet inscribed ÍOrÍ below, Â pLAeTOri CeÍT Í • C around. Crawford 405/2; Sydenham 801; Plaetoria 10; BMCRR Rome 3525-32; RBW 1448. Toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4529310-009, graded XF. Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($750) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 100 (Part II, 30 May 2017), lot 1504.

951. Q. Pomponius Musa. 56 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.91 g, 5h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Apollo right, wearing hair in ringlets; œ • pOÂpONi downward to left, ÂuÍA upward to right / Hercules Musagetes, Conductor of the Muses, standing right, wearing lion skin on shoulders, playing lyre; club to right; herCuLeÍ downward to right, ÂuÍAru downward to left. Crawford 410/1; Sydenham 810; Pomponia 8; BMCRR Rome 3602-4; RBW –. Attractively toned, off center, scratches, flaw/chip at obverse edge. EF. ($1500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 111 (29 May 2019), lot 619; August Voirol Collection (Münzen und Medaillen AG 38, 6 December 1968), lot 182; Münzhandlung Basel VI (18 March 1936), lot 1437. Although the moneyer Q. Pomponius Musa is unknown to history, his choice of Hercules Musagetes and the nine Muses as coin types is remarkable and clearly connected to his cognomen. The reverses of this series – Hercules playing the lyre and the Muses, can be none other than the celebrated statue group by an unknown Greek artist, taken from Ambracia and placed in the Aedes Herculis Musarum, which was erected by M. Fulvius Nobilior in 187 BC after the capture of Ambracia in 189 BC (Plin. NH xxxv.66; Ov. Fast. vi.812). By the second century BC, Rome had overrun most of Greece and was captivated by Hellenic art and culture, not the least of which was its sculpture. Fulvius is said to have taken the statues to Rome because he learned in Greece that Hercules was a musagetes (leader of the Muses). Remains of this temple have been found in the area of the Circus Flaminius close to the southwest part of the circus itself, and northwest of the porticus Octaviae. An inscription found nearby, ‘M. Fulvius M. f. Ser. n. Nobilior cos. Ambracia cepit’ may have been on the pedestal of one of the statues. The official name of the temple was Herculis Musarum Aedes, which Servius and Plutarch called Herculis et Musarum Aedes.

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952. C. Considius Nonianus. 56 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.87 g, 5h). Rome mint. Laureate and draped bust of Venus Erycina right, wearing stephane and earring; C • CONÍiDi • NONiANi downward to left, Í • C upward to right / Temple on summit of rocky mountain surrounded by wall with towers on each side and gate in center; eruC above gate. Crawford 424/1; Sydenham 886; Considia 1; BMCRR Rome 3830; RBW 1522; FFC 586 (this coin illustrated). Lustrous with a hint of light toning. Choice EF. Exceptional detail. ($1000) Ex Alba Longa (Jose Fernandez Molina) Collection; Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 921. Describing Mt. Eryx and its temple complex, the Greek historian Polybius of Megalopolis writes: On its summit, which is flat, stands the temple of Venus Erycina, which is indisputably the first in wealth and general magnificence of all the Sicilian holy places. The city extends along the hill under the actual summit, the ascent to it being very long and steep on all sides. World History, 1.55.

The End of the Jugurthine War

953. Faustus Cornelius Sulla. 56 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.84 g, 7h). Rome mint. Diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring, necklace of pendants, and her hair collected into a knot at back of head, which is decorated with jewels; lituus to left, FAuÍTuÍ downward to right / Sulla, togate, seated left on raised seat; on left, Bocchus, king of Mauretania, kneeling right, offering an olive branch; to right, Jugurtha, king of Numidia, kneeling left, his hands tied behind him; FeLix downward to upper right. Crawford 426/1; Sydenham 879; Cornelia 59; BMCRR Rome 3824; RBW 1525. Light iridescent toning, metal flaw on obverse, minor deposits and short scratches on the reverse. Near EF. ($1500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 8 (3 April 1995), lot 563. Faustus was the son of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, the famous general and dictator of Rome (138-78 BC). The coin portrays Sulla’s first great victory, in which he ended the Jugurthine War. Jugurtha, grandson of Massinissa of Numidia, had claimed the entire kingdom of Numidia and divided it between several members of the royal family, in defiance of Roman decrees. Rome declared war on Jugurtha in 111 BC, but for five years the wily king frustrated all efforts to bring him to heel. Finally, in 106 the popular general Marius was assigned command, with Sulla as quaestor in charge of cavalry. Before Marius could take to the field against the enemy, however, Sulla arranged with his ally Bocchus of Mauretania to have Jugurtha ambushed and captured. Sulla was acclaimed for the bloodless end of the war, gaining his first victory and the eternal enmity of Marius.

954 955 954. Q. Cassius Longinus. 55 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.95 g, 6h). Rome mint. Head of Bonus Eventus (or Genius Populi Romani?) right; scepter to left / Eagle with wings spread standing right on winged thunderbolt; lituus to left, capis to right, œ • CAÍÍiuÍ below. Crawford 428/3; Sydenham 916; Cassia 7; BMCRR Rome 3868-70; RBW 1535. Attractive light toning. EF. Includes old collection envelope indicating that it was “acquired in Florence, 1965”. ($500) 955. P. Fonteius P.f. Capito. 55 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.81 g, 12h). Rome mint. Helmeted and draped bust of Mars right, with trophy over shoulder; p • FONTeiuÍ • p • F • CApiTO • iii • uir around / Warrior on horseback galloping right, thrusting spear at kneeling enemy in Gallic helmet, who holds sword in right hand and shield in left; to lower left, a second enemy warrior kneeling right; Gallic helmet and shield to lower right; • FO¸ • Tr • ÂiL around from lower left. Crawford 429/1; Sydenham 900; Fonteia 17; BMCRR Rome 3851-5; RBW 1536. Attractively toned with some iridescence, struck from a slightly worn reverse die. EF. ($500) Ex Nomos 19 (17 November 2019), lot 236; Nomisma 58 (6 November 2018), lot 103.

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956. Q. Servilius Caepio (M. Junius) Brutus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.21 g, 6h). Rome mint. Head of Libertas right, wearing cruciform earring and pendant necklace; LiBerTAÍ downward to left / The consul L. Junius Brutus walking left between two lictors, each carrying ax over shoulder, and preceded by an accensus; BruTuÍ in exergue. Crawford 433/1; Sydenham 906a; Junia 31a; BMCRR Rome 3862-3; RBW 1542. A hint of toning. In NGC encapsulation, 4681703-003, graded Ch AU*. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($750) From the Grand Haven Collection.

957. Q. Servilius Caepio (M. Junius) Brutus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.72 g, 6h). Rome mint. Bare head of L. Junius Brutus right; BruTuÍ downward to left / Bare head of C. Servilius Ahala right; AhALA downward to left. Crawford 433/2; Sydenham 907; Junia 30; BMCRR Rome 3864-7; RBW 1543. A hint of toning. EF. ($1000) From the JFL Collection. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 1308. This early coin of Marcus Junius Brutus, struck during his term as moneyer in 54 BC, refers to his illustrious ancestry, which included L. Junius Brutus, one of the legendary first consuls of the nascent Roman Republic, and C. Servilius Ahala, who slew the prospective tyrant Spurius Maelius. Celebrating his connection to the tyrannicide Ahala proved eerily prophetic 10 years later, when, because of his name and reputation for integrity, Brutus was recruited by conspirators against Julius Caesar and became the figurehead leader of the assassins.

958. Q. Pompeius Rufus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.75 g, 2h). Rome mint. Curule chair flanked by arrow and laurel branch; œ • pOÂpei • œ • F/ruFuÍ in two lines above, COÍ on tablet below / Curule chair flanked by lituus and wreath; ÍuLLA • COÍ above, œ pOÂpei ruF on tablet below. Crawford 434/2; Sydenham 909; Pompeia 5; BMCRR Rome 3885-9; RBW 1545. Lustrous with a hint of toning. In NGC encapsulation, 3990743-015, graded MS. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($300) From the Richard Basler Collection.

959. C. Servilius C.f. 53 BC. AR Denarius (16.5mm, 4.07 g, 5h). Rome mint. Head of Flora right, wearing wreath of flowers, triple-drop earring, and pendant necklace; lituus to left, FLOrA • priÂuÍ downward to right / Two helmeted warriors facing each other, each holding shield and upright sword; C • ÍerueiL in exergue, C • F upward to lower right. Crawford 423/1; Sydenham 890; Servilia 15; BMCRR Rome 3818-9; RBW 1521. Light iridescent toning, a few faint scratches. Superb EF. ($1000) Ex Alan J. Harlan Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 893, purchased by Alan Harlan from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd.; Goodman Collection (Triton I, 2 December 1997), lot 1199; Numismatica Ars Classica 1 (29 March 1989), lot 688.

185


960. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Hostilius Saserna. 48 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.62 g, 6h). Rome mint. Bare head of Gallia right, wearing long, dissheveled hair; carnyx (Gallic trumpet) to left / Diana (Artemis) of Ephesus standing facing, laureate, wearing long hair falling down her shoulders and long flowing robes, holding spear in left hand and stag by its antlers with her right; ÍAÍerNA curved upward to left, L • hOÍTiLiuÍ downward to right. Crawford 448/3; CRI 19; Sydenham 953; Hostilia 4; BMCRR Rome 3996-8; RBW 1570. Light iridescent toning. EF. ($1500) From the Apollo to Apollo Collection.

961. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. C. Vibius Varus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.86 g, 1h). Rome mint. Laureate and bearded head of Hercules right / Minerva, helmeted and draped, standing right, holding spear with right hand and Victory in extended left; shield at side; C • uiBiuÍ downward to right, uAruÍ downward to left. Crawford 494/37; CRI 193; Sydenham 1139; Vibia 23; RBW 1740. Deep cabinet toning. Choice EF. Excellent metal and eye appeal for the issue. Among the finest known. ($4000) Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 658; Numismatica Ars Classica 70 (16 May 2013), lot 174; Numismatica Ars Classica 9 (16 April 1996) lot 754; Sternberg XXIV (19 November 1990), lot 223.

962

963

964

962. The Pompeians. Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius. 49 BC. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.80 g, 9h). Military mint in the East, moving with Pompey; C. Coponius, praetor. Diademed head of Apollo right; star below, œ • ÍiCiNiuÍ • iii • uir • around / Club of Hercules surmounted by lion skin, scalp in profile to right; arrow to left, bow to right, C • COpONiuÍ • pr • Í • C around. Crawford 444/1a; CRI 3; Sydenham 939; Sicinia 1; BMCRR East 24-8; RBW 1558. Attractively toned with some iridescence, metal flaw on obverse. EF. Fine style. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Matthew Curtis Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 112, 11 September 2019), lot 545 (hammer $1700); Classical Numismatic Group 91 (19 September 2012), lot 844.

963. The Pompeians. Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius. 49 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.96 g, 8h). Military mint in the East, moving with Pompey; C. Coponius, praetor. Diademed head of Apollo right; star below, œ • ÍiCiNiuÍ iii • uir around / Club of Hercules surmounted by lion skin, scalp in profile to right; arrow to left, bow to right, C • COpONiuÍ • pr • Í • C around. Crawford 444/1a; CRI 3; Sydenham 939; Sicinia 1; BMCRR East 24-8; RBW 1558. Toned, some minor deposits (horn silver). Near EF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 460, 29 January 2020), lot 482; Classical Numismatic Review XX.2 (Summer 1995), no. 256.

964. The Pompeians. Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio. 47- Spring 46 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.91 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Scipio in Africa. Laureate head of Jupiter right; œ • ÂeTeL around to right, piuÍ below / Elephant advancing right; ÍCipiO above, iÂp below. Crawford 459/1; CRI 45; Sydenham 1050; Caecilia 47; BMCRR Africa 1-3; RBW 1601. Toned with areas of find patina, a few light marks. Good VF. ($500) From the TAB Collection. Ex Cederlind 166 (3 October 2012), lot 169.

186


Magnificent Pompey Aureus

965. The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 8.22 g, 8h). Uncertain Sicilian mint. Bare head of Sextus Pompey right; ÂAg • piuÍ • iÂp • iTer around; all within oak wreath / Bare heads of Pompey the Great right vis-àvis Cnaeus Pompey Junior left; lituus to left, tripod to right, pr‰F above, [C]LAÍ • eT • Or‰/ºiT • ex • Í • C in two lines below. Crawford 511/1; CRI 332; Bahrfeldt 87; Calicó 71a (same obv. die); Biaggi 48 (same rev. die); Sydenham 1346; BMCRR Sicily 13; RBW 1783. Lustrous, some light hairlines. Choice EF. Wonderful portraits. Very rare. ($75,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 1357. Sextus Pompey, the younger son of Pompey the Great, inherited his father’s vast influence and personal following. He first established himself in Spain in 44 BC as the successful leader of the anti-Caesarian forces and following the death of Caesar, the Senate, believing itself freed from the domination of the Caesarians, bestowed on Sextus the title of praefectus classis et orae maritimae (Commander-in-Chief of the Fleet and of the Sea Coasts). However, four months later the Senate was forced by Octavian and the second triumvirate to rescind this title, and Sextus was proscribed. Upon receiving word of the Senate’s abrogation of his commission and seeing the hostilities the Caesarians were exacting on the leading figures in Rome, Sextus set sail from Massilia in Gaul and headed for Sicily. Here he established a powerful base from which he could blockade Italy and provide a safe haven for those fleeing the proscriptions. Alarmed at the developments, Octavian sent a naval squadron under the command of Salvidienus Rufus to handle the situation, but Salvidienus was defeated off the coast of Rhegium. Following this battle, Sextus took the title of imperator iterum. Sextus would continue the republican struggle against the second triumvirate until his death in 36 BC. This remarkable dynastic aureus provides us with the most life-like portraits of Pompey’s two sons and records many of the events of 4342 BC. The oak wreath (corona civica) and the title IMP ITER on the obverse commemorate Sextus’ defeat of Salvidienus, while the reverse legend records the title bestowed on him by the Senate in 43 BC. The lituus behind Pompey’s head signifies Pompey’s membership in the college of augurs, while the tripod behind Cnaeus’ head represents his affiliation with the quindecimviri sacris faciundis.

187


966. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late spring-early summer 48 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 4.17 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Diademed female head (Clementia?) right, wearing oak wreath; %i[i] (= 52, Caesar’s age) to left / Gallic trophy, holding oval shield and carnyx surmonted by wolf’s head; securis to right; CAe ÍA[r] across lower field. Crawford 452/2; CRI 11; RSC 18; Sydenham 1009; BMCRR Rome 3955; RBW –. Toned, a couple light marks. Near EF. ($750) Ex Elsen 93 (15 September 2007), lot 758.

967. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late spring-early summer 48 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.17 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Diademed female head (Clementia?) right, wearing oak wreath; [%ii (= 52, Caesar’s age) to left] / Gallic trophy, holding oval shield and carnyx surmonted by wolf’s head; securis to right; CAe ÍAr across lower field. Crawford 452/2; CRI 11; RSC 18; Sydenham 1009; BMCRR Rome 3955; RBW –. Deep cabinet toning with areas of find patina, traces of deposits, minor metal flaws. EF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Robert B. Beckett, Jr. Estate (Classical Numismatic Group 105, 10 May 2017), lot 727; Classical Numismatic Auctions XV (5 June 1991), lot 475; Glendining & Co. (with Empire Coins, 9 October 1989), lot 689.

968. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Early 46 BC. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.89 g, 4h). Rome mint; A. Hirtius, praetor. Veiled female head (Vesta or Pietas?) right; C • CAeÍAr COÍ Ter around / Emblems of the augurate and pontificate: lituus, capis, and securis; A hirTiuÍ pr around from lower left. Crawford 466/1; Molinari – (D42/R– [unlisted rev. die]); CRI 56; Calicó 37; Sydenham 1018; BMCRR Rome 4052; Kestner 3634-6; RBW 1634; NAC 72, lot 1357 (same dies). Light deposits, minor flan flaws, die break on reverse. Good VF. ($5000)

969. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. January-February 44 BC. AR Denarius (21mm, 3.95 g, 3h). Lifetime issue. Rome mint; P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Wreathed head right; star of eight rays to left; CAeÍAr iÂp downward to right / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory on outstretched right hand and scepter set on star with left; [p • Íep]uLLiuÍ downward to right, ÂACer upward to left. Crawford 480/5b; Alföldi Type V, – (A–/R10); CRI 106a; Sydenham 1071; RSC 41; RBW 1679. Toned, flatly struck in areas. In NGC encapsulation, 4681702-008, graded Ch AU. Strike: 4/5, Surface: 5/5. ($3000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Property of a Gentleman Collection (Morton & Eden 68, 10 June 2014), lot 70 (hammer £2700), purchased from Spink, December 2007.

188


970. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.92 g, 3h). Rome mint. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Wreathed head of Caesar right; CAeÍAr downward to right, DiCT perpeTuO upward to left / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory in outstretched right hand and with left, resting on vertical scepter set on shield; p • ÍepuLLiuÍ downward to right, ÂACer downward to left. Crawford 480/10; Alföldi Type VIII, 14-7 (dies A14/R17); CRI 107a; Sydenham 1073; RSC 38; RBW –. Light iridescent toning, a few scratches, banker’s mark on the obverse, high point of wreath a bit weakly struck. EF. ($3000)

971. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 4.06 g, 9h). Rome mint; P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Laureate and veiled head right; CAeÍAr downward to right, DiCT perpeTuO upward to left / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory in extended right hand and vertical scepter in left; shield set on ground to right; p • ÍepuLLiuÍ downward to right, [ÂACe]r downward to left. Crawford 480/13; Alföldi Type IX, unlisted dies; CRI 107d; Sydenham 1074; RSC 39; RBW 1685. Attractive cabinet toning, weakly struck in areas. Good VF. Dies are not listed in Alföldi; rare as such. Nice metal. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 111 (29 May 2019), lot 633 (hammer $4990).

972. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. March-April 44 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.96 g, 3h). Rome mint; M. Mettius, moneyer. Wreathed head right; CAeÍAr downward to right; iÂper upward to left / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory in outstretched right hand and transverse scepter with left, resting her left elbow on shield set on celestial globe; A to left, Â • ÂeTTiuÍ downward to right. Crawford 480/17; Alföldi Type XVI, – (A3/R–); CRI 101; Sydenham 1055; RSC 35; BMCRR Rome 4137; RBW 1686. Lightly toned, reverse struck slightly off center. In NGC encapsulation, 4935913-003, graded AU. Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($2500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Bertolami Fine Arts 67 (11 July 2019), lot 346.

189


Extraordinary Portrait of Julius Caesar Ex Haeberlin Collection

973. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. 41 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 4.09 g, 1h). Rome mint; L. Flaminius Chilo, moneyer. Wreathed head of Caesar right / Goddess (Pax or Venus?) standing left, holding caduceus with right hand and scepter with left; L • FLAÂiNiuÍ downward to right, iiii • uir upward to left. Crawford 485/1; CRI 113; Sydenham 1089; RSC 26; BMCRR Rome 4201-2; RBW –. Toned, light banker’s mark in obverse field. EF. A portrait of extraordinary quality. ($30,000) Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 669; Ex Ernst Julius Haeberlin Collection (Cahn 75, 30 May 1932), lot 770. While this coin derives its general type from those issues struck at Rome in the month prior to Caesar’s assassination in March 44 BC, its anepigraphic obverse now shows a head of Caesar that is no longer veiled, while on the reverse, Venus Genetrix holds a caduceus in place of the traditional Victory. The idealized portrait of Julius Caesar, with its definite impression of divinity, is not an individual dieengraver’s attempt at artistic fancy, but must have been influenced by Octavian’s consciously conceived program of manipulating public images (including that of Caesar) at Rome. On 1 January 42 BC, the Senate recognized Caesar’s new divine status as the Divus Julius and constructed a temple on the site of his cremation in the Forum. The Venus Genetrix on the reverse shows a similar manipulation. Deriving from the Greek Aphrodite Ourania, or heavenly Aphrodite, Venus Genetrix became not only the divine patroness of Rome through her son Aeneas, but also the ancestor of the gens Julia, through Aeneas’ son, Ascanius (Iulus). On the night before Pharsalus in 48 BC, Caesar vowed to construct a temple in her honor in Rome if he was successful against Pompey. Once completed, this temple, which housed a statue of the goddess, then became the centerpiece of his new forum in Rome. There are marked differences, however, between the statue (evidenced by several extant copies) and her depiction on the denarii struck in the month before his assassination. While the statue emphasized her procreative powers, the coins show her in a more martial and political context: holding a Victory in her right hand and a scepter in her left, either surrounded by weaponry (sometime set on a globe), or with the scepter set on a star (a sign of divinity). While these attributes may shift from one to another, they emphasize not only the divine assistance in Caesar’s military and political victories, but also allude tentatively to his semi-divinity. The Venus of this coin, however, minimizes her connection to earlier associations; instead, she now presents an image of Felicitas (Good Fortune), by replacing the Victory with a caduceus. It is not the Venus Genetrix of Julius Caesar, then, but now Venus Felix of all Rome who is at work. Thus, through the assistance of the two transformed divine agencies – the impending one of the Divus Julius, and that of Venus – Octavian was able to take his first few steps toward political ascendancy.

190


Very Rare Cassius Aureus

974. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 8.02 g, 7h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Lentulus Spinther, legate. Diademed head of Libertas right; C • CAÍÍi • iÂp upward to left, LeiBerTAÍ upward to right / Capis and lituus; LeNTuLuÍ/ÍpiNT in two lines below. Crawford 500/2; CRI 220; Calicó 65; Sydenham 1306; BMCRR East 76; RBW –. Lustrous, a few light marks. EF. Very rare. ($50,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 671. P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther and M. Servilius were joint legates to Cassius and Brutus, and both issued coins in the names of their generals. Lentulus Spinther was born in 74 BC and assumed the toga virilis in 57 BC, and in the same year was elected to the college of augurs. After the murder of Caesar, he joined the parties of Cassius and Brutus and was probably killed at Philippi. The reverse type of this coin refers to Lentulus’ appointment to the college of augurs, and is one of the few instances in imperatorial coinage in which a moneyer used a reverse type that was personal to himself.

975. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.95 g, 6h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Lentulus Spinther, legate. Diademed head of Libertas right; C • CAÍÍi • iÂp upward to left, LeiBerTAÍ upward to right / Capis and lituus; [L]eNTuLuÍ/ÍpiNT in two lines below. Crawford 500/3; CRI 221; RSC 4; Sydenham 1307; BMCRR East 77; RBW 1762. Lovely iridescent toning, some minor die rust and wear. EF. ($1000) Ex Goldman Roman Imperatorial Collection (Triton XVI, 8 January 2013), lot 917; Barry Feirstein Collection (Part IV, Numismatica Ars Classica 45, 2 April 2008), lot 33.

191


976. The Republicans. Brutus. Spring-early summer 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.77 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus in southwestern Asia Minor; L Sestius, proquaestor. Veiled and draped bust of Libertas right; L • CeÍTi • prO œ around from lower right / Tripod; securis to left, simpulum to right, œ • CAepiO • BruTuÍ • prO • C OÍ around from lower left. Crawford 502/2; CRI 201; Sydenham 1290; RSC 11; BMCRR East 41-5; RBW 1768. Thin flan crack, faint hairlines. EF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex John L. Cowan Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 469, 3 June 2020), lot 333; CNG Inventory 736143 (November 2003).

977. The Republicans. Brutus. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.96 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece; Pedanius Costa, legate. Laureate head of Apollo right; Leg upward to left, COÍTA downward to right / Trophy composed of cuirass, crested helmet, oval shield with incurved sides, and two crossed spears; iÂp upward to left, BruTuÍ downward to right. Crawford 506/2; CRI 209; Sydenham 1296; RSC 4; BMCRR East 59-61; RBW 1778. Toned with a hint of iridescence, slightly off center on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 453 (2 October 2019), lot 485 .

Excellent Portraits of Antony & Octavian

978. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavian. Spring-early summer 41 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.63 g, 12h). Ephesus mint; M. Barbatius Pollio, quaestor pro praetore. Bare head of Mark Antony right;  ANT • if Yg iii • uir • r • p • C •  BArBAT œ p around / Bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard; CAeÍAr • iÂp • pONT • iii • uir • r • p • C • around. Crawford 517/2; CRI 243; Sydenham 1181; RSC 8a; BMCRR East 100; RBW 1798. Toned with some iridescence, a couple faint scratches on the reverse. EF. ($2000) From the JFL Collection. Ex Claude Collection (Triton VIII, 11 January 2005), lot 971.

192


Exceedingly Rare and Important Antony & Octavia Aureus

979. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavia. Summer 38 BC. AV Aureus (20mm, 8.04 g, 12h). Athens mint. Bare head of Mark Antony right; Â • ANTONiuÍ • Â • F • Â • N • [Augur •] iÂp • Ter around / Head of Octavia right, her hair tied in a knot behind with one long plait arranged as a loop on top of her head; COÍ • DeÍiGN • iTer • eT • Ter • iii • uir • r • p • C around. Crawford 533/3a; CRI 268; Bahrfeldt 90 (Pl. IX, no. 6 – same dies); Calicó 111 = Biaggi 67; Sydenham 1200; BMCRR East 144; Cohen 1; RBW –. Some light marks and scratches. VF. Extremely rare, one of approximately eight known: Bahrfeldt notes 5 examples, of which 4 were in museums (Berlin, London [2 examples], and Paris), with the fifth offered in the Trau sale (from the same dies as the present coin); CoinArchives adds three examples, the present coin, as well as NAC 70, lot 194, and NAC 111, lot 153. ($75,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex William H. Williams Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 46, 2 April 2008), lot 456 (hammer 75,000 CHF); Numismatica Ars Classica 33 (5 April 2006), lot 392 (hammer 120,000 CHF). Shortly after the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC, cracks began to appear in the Second Triumvirate. Antony’s affair with Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, and his designs on Rome’s eastern holdings, prompted Octavian to formulate a binding agreement that would buy him time. At Brundisium a pact was signed, bringing about a reconciliation and some semblance of peace. As a condition of this reconciliation, Antony was married to Octavian’s widowed sister, Octavia. She stayed with him in Athens while he continued to prepare for a war against Parthia, and where, in 39 BC, he was associated with the “New Dionysus”. In 37 BC, she helped negotiate the Pact of Tarentum, which renewed the triumvirate until 33 BC. Antony, by this time, however, had renewed his affair with Cleopatra. He remained in the East, where he married the queen, and subsequently fathered several children. In 32 BC, as a renewal of civil war became imminent, Antony divorced Octavia. In the aftermath of Antony’s death, Octavia, known for her loyalty and nobilty, brought Antony’s surviving children to Rome to live with her.

980. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 37 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.98 g, 7h). Antioch or military mint traveling with Canidius Crassus in Armenia. Bare head right; ANTONiuÍ • Augur • COÍ • DeÍ • iTer • eT • TerT around / Seven-pointed Armenian tiara right, decorated with three stars; crossed bow and arrow behind; [i]Âp • TerTiO • iii • [uir • r • p • C] around. Crawford 539/1; CRI 297; Sydenham 1205; RSC 19; BMCRR East 172; RBW 1828 (this coin). Toned, minor deposits in the devices. VF. The much sought-after Armenian tiara type of Antony. ($2000) Ex RBW Collection (Part II, Numismatica Ars Classica 63, 17 May 2012), lot 577 (realized 3750 CHF hammer).

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981. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (16.5mm, 3.69 g, 6h). Legionary type. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right; ANT Aug above, iii uir • r • p • C below / Aquila between two signa; LeG iii across lower field. Crawford 544/15; CRI 350; Sydenham 1217; RSC 28; BMCRR East 193; RBW 1839. Iridescently toned, tiny banker’s mark on reverse. Near EF. ($1000) From the JFL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 90 (23 May 2012), lot 1400 (realized $3000 hammer).

982. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.74 g, 6h). Legionary type. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right; ANT • Aug above, iii uir • r • p • C below / Aquila between two signa; LeG uii across lower field. Crawford 544/20; CRI 357; Sydenham 1224; RSC 34; BMCRR East 198; RBW 1842. Toned, a couple light marks, obverse struck slightly off center. Near EF. ($750)

Very Rare Portrait Aureus of Julius Caesar & Octavian

983. The Triumvirs. Octavian and Julius Caesar. August 43 BC. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.70 g, 9h). Military mint travelling with Octavian in Italy. Bare head of Octavian right; C • CAeÍAr • COÍ • pO¸ • ég • around / Head of Julius Caesar right, wearing wreath; C • CAeÍAr • DiCT • perp • pO¸ ^x around. Crawford 490/2; CRI 132; Bahrfeldt 28; Calicó 52; Sydenham 1321; BMCRR Gaul 74-5; Kestner –; RBW 1714. Some light marks and scratches. VF. Exceptionally well centered for the issue. Very rare. ($50,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 41 (20 November 2007), lot 21 (hammer 52,500 CHF); Marian A. Sinton Collection (Triton III, 30 November 1999), lot 826.

194


Victory at the Curia Julia – Pedigreed to the ESR Collection

984. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 30-summer 29 BC. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 8.00 g, 6h). Italian (Rome?) mint. Bare head right / Victory standing facing, head left, on globe, with wings spread, holding wreath with right hand and vexillum with left over left shoulder; iÂp CAeÍAr across field. CRI 417; RIC I 268; Bahrfeldt 109; Calicó 205 = Biaggi 104 (same dies); BMCRE 622-3 = BMCRR Rome 4356-7; BN 85-6. Lustrous, light hairlines. Choice EF. Rare. ($50,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex George W. La Borde Collection (Part I, Numismatica Ars Classica 91, 23 May 2016), lot 4 (realized 75,000 CHF); Götz Grabert Collection (“Collection of a European Scholar lately Deceased,” LHS 97, 10 May 2006), lot 2; Kastner 4 (27 November 1973), lot 215; ESR (Eric von Schulthess-Rechberg) Collection (Hess-Leu [17], 23 March 1961), lot 37. The statue of Victory depicted on the reverse of this rare aureus stood atop the Curia Julia, the Roman Senate House.

195


ROMAN IMPERIAL COINAGE

985. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.79 g, 7h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck 19-18 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, head left, wearing oak wreath / DIVVS • IVLIVS across field, comet with eight rays and tail. RIC I 37b; RSC 97; BMCRE 326-7 = BMCRR Gaul 138-9; BN 1298-304. Lightly toned, minor deposits. Good VF. ($2000) From the JFL Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 625; Prideaux Collection (Triton XI, 8 January 2008), lot 731 (hammer $6250). This denarius reflects Augustus’ use of his coinage to convey a political message. The obverse shows him wearing the corona civica, an oak wreath awarded to an individual who had personally saved a citizen (in Augustus’ case it was the citizen body of the Roman world). The reverse depicts the comet which made a continuous daylight appearance during July 44 BC, and was associated with the deification of Julius Caesar.

Ex Garrett Collection

986. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.79 g, 4h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 15 BC. ΛVGVSTVS DIVI • F, bare head right / IMP • X across field, SICIL• in exergue, Diana, dressed as huntress in short tunic and cloak, standing facing, as if about to move toward the left, head turned right, holding vertical spear in right hand and bow in left; at her feet to left, dog standing left. RIC I 172; Lyon 22 (unlisted dies); Calicó 217 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 463 = BMCRR Gaul p. 431; BN 1391; Biaggi 113; Jameson –; Mazzini –. A few minor marks. Near EF. Struck on a broad flan. Rare as such. ($15,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex collection of a Retired Banker (Numismatica Ars Classica 111, 24 September 2018), lot 154; Numismatica Ars Classica 51 (5 March 2009), lot 155; Numismatica Ars Classica 27 (12 May 2004), lot 297; Lanz 42 (23 November 1987), lot 440; John Work Garrett Collection (Part I, Numismatic Fine Arts/Bank Leu, 16 May 1984), lot 710. Diana was honored as the giver of the victory over Sextus Pompey at the battle of Naulochus, 3 September 36 BC.

987. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.84 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 15 BC. [ΛGVSTVS DIVI • F, bare head right / IMP • X in exergue, bull butting right, left forefoot raised, lashing his tail. RIC I 167a; Lyon 19; RSC 137; BMCRE 451-3; BN 1373-82. Attractive iridescent tone, a few light scratches. EF. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 836.

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988. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.67 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 2 BC-AD 12. CAESAR AVGVSTV[S DIV]I F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right / AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRIN[C IVV]ENT, [C] L CAESARES in exergue, Gaius and Lucius Caesar, on left and right, standing facing, each togate and resting a hand on one of two shields set on ground between them; behind the shields, two crossed spears; above, on left, a lituus right, and on right, a simpulum left; X below them. RIC I 212; Lyon 86; RSC 43d; BMCRE 538; BN 1665-6. Toned, a few light scratches. EF. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

989. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.79 g, 9h). Rome mint; P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. Struck 19/8 BC. • TVRPILIANVS III • VIR •, draped bust of Feronia right, wearing pearl necklace and stephane, above which is a row of berries; FE RON below bust / CAESAR AV GVSTVS SIGN RECE, bareheaded Parthian kneeling on right knee to right, extending in right hand a standard, to which is attached a vexillum marked with X, and holding out left hand below left knee. RIC I 288; RSC 484; BMCRE 15-17 = BMCRR Rome 4526-8; BN 127-137. Wonderful deep cabinet tone, scratches under tone. Choice EF. Well centered. ($2000)

Deified and Rejuvenated Julius Caesar

990. Augustus, with Divus Julius Caesar. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.62 g, 5h). Rome mint; M. Sanquinius, moneyer. Struck 17 BC. AVGVSTVS DIVI • F, bare head of Augustus right / M • SANQVI NIVS • III • VIR, youthful, laureate head of deified Julius Caesar right; above, a comet with four rays and a tail. RIC I 338; RSC 1 (Julius Caesar and Augustus); BMCRE 71-3 = BMCRR Rome 4585-7; BN 279. Darkly toned, a few scratches under tone. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Kallman Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 389, 18 January 2017), lot 578; Gorny & Mosch 164 (17 March 2008), lot 357; Giessener Munzhandlung 89 (5 May 1998), lot 393.

991. Agrippa. Died 12 BC. Æ As (27mm, 11.53 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-41. M • AGRIPPA • L • F • COS • III, head left, wearing rostral crown / S C across field, Neptune standing left, holding small dolphin in right hand and trident in left. RIC I 58 (Gaius); BMCRE 161-8 (Tiberius); BN 77-97. Dark green-brown patina, light scratches in fields. Near EF. Great portrait. ($500) From the JFL Collection. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 1379; Spink 36 (30 May 1984), lot 118.

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The David Feinstein Collection of Tiberian Coinage

David Feinstein, a decorated Korean War Veteran (Silver Star, three Bronze Service Stars, Purple Heart) and dedicated Numismatist (Fellow, volunteer ANS, member NYNC)​ , just turned 93. His passion for Ancient Rome is witnessed by his collection of Piranesi etchings, his extensive library, his pilgrimages to Pompei and Herculaneum, and especially in his cherished collection of Tiberius Bronzes. He takes pleasure in knowing these Tiberius Bronzes go to enthusiastic collectors.

992 993 992. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 27.56 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. DIVVS • AVGVSTVS PATER, Augustus, radiate and togate, seated left on throne, his feet on a stool, holding laurel branch in right hand and long scepter in left; altar to left / TI CAESAR DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST P M TR POT XXIIII • around large S • C. RIC I 49 (Tiberius); BMCRE 74-5 (Tiberius); BN 50-1 (Tiberius). Brown river patina, some roughness on reverse. Good VF. ($2000) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Vilmar Numismatics Inventory 9666 (28 July 2015).

993. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Dupondius (31mm, 14.81 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, circa AD 22/3-26. DIVVS • AVGVSTVS • PATER •, radiate head left / Large S • C within oak wreath. RIC I 79 (Tiberius); BMCRE 143-5 (Tiberius); BN 150-6 (Tiberius). Green-brown and red patina. VF. ($500) From the David Feinstein Collection, purchased from David Vagi, 12 January 2007.

994 995 994. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ As (27mm, 11.23 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, circa AD 22/330. DIVVS • AVGVSTVS • PATER •, radiate head left / S C across field, PROVIDENT in exergue, altar, with closed, double-panelled door; acroteria above to left and right. RIC I 81 (Tiberius); BMCRE 146-50 (Tiberius); BN 131-5 (Tiberius). Attractive blue-green and brown patina, traces of earthen deposits. VF. ($400) From the David Feinstein Collection.

995. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ As (28mm, 11.05 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, circa AD 34-37. DIVVS • AVGVSTVS • PATER •, radiate head left / S C across field, eagle standing on globe, head right, with wings spread. RIC I 82 (Tiberius); BMCRE 155-6; BN 136-8. Tan river patina, areas of minor roughness. Good VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Vecchi 1 (1 February 1996), lot 549.

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997 996 996. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ As (27mm, 10.79 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, circa AD 34-37. DIVVS AVGVSTVS • PATER •, radiate head left / S C across field, winged thunderbolt upright. RIC I 83 (Tiberius); BMCRE 157-8 (Tiberius); BN 141-3 (Tiberius). Brown surfaces, some areas of darker red. VF. ($400) From the David Feinstein Collection.

997. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Sestertius (32.5mm, 26.81 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 35-36. DIVO/ AVGVSTO/ S • P • Q • R in three lines in left field, Augustus seated left on throne, holding laurel branch in right hand and scepter in left hand, set on ornate triumphal car drawn by four elephants; each elephant has its own mahout on its neck / TI CAESAR DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST • P M TR • POT • XXXVII around large S • C. RIC I 62 (Tiberius); BMCRE 108 (Tiberius); BN 90 (Tiberius). Brown patina. VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

Ex Consul Weber Collection – Pedigreed to 1909

998. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 25.64 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 35-36. DIVO AVGVSTO S P Q R, shield inscribed OB/ CIVES/ SER in three lines, surrounded by a laurel wreath and supported by two capricorns, facing outward; globe below / TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXXVII around large S • C. RIC I 63; BMCRE 109-12; BN 93-5. Dark green patina, minor pitting on reverse. VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Wayne C. Philips Collection (Heritage 3016, 2 January 2012), lot 23134; Consul Eduard Friedrich Weber Collection (J. Hirsch XXIV, 10 May 1909), lot 852.

999. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 26.41 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 36-37. DIVO/ AVGVSTO/ S • P • Q • R in three lines above, Augustus seated left on throne, holding laurel branch in right hand and scepter in left hand, set on ornate triumphal car drawn by four elephants; each elephant has its own mahout on its neck / TI CAESAR DIVI • AVG F AVGVST P M • TR POT XXXIIX around large S • C. RIC I 68 (Tiberius); BMCRE 125-7 (Tiberius); BN 111-4 (Tiberius). Green and brown surfaces, some light smoothing. VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

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1000. Julia Augusta (Livia). Augusta, AD 14-29. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 27.22 g, 9h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. S • P • Q • R/ IVLIAE/ AVGVST in three lines above, carpentum drawn right by two mules; the front is ornamented with two Victories, left and right, and the side has two panels, on each of which is a standing figure, leaning backward / TI • CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F AVGVST • P • M • TR • POT • XXIIII • around large S • C. RIC I 51 (Tiberius); BMCRE 76-7 (Tiberius); BN 55 (Tiberius). Brown surfaces, minor smoothing. Good VF. An attractive example. ($3000) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Nomos 11 (9 October 2015), lot 163 (hammer CHF 4400).

1001

1002

1001. Julia Augusta (Livia). Augusta, AD 14-29. Æ Dupondius (29mm, 13.73 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. PIETAS, veiled, diademed, and draped bust of Julia Augusta (Livia) as Pietas right / DRVSVS • CAESAR • TI • AVGVSTI F • TR • POT ITER • around large S • C. RIC I 43 (Tiberius); BMCRE 98 (Tiberius); BN 74-7 (Tiberius). Dark brown-green patina, some chipping to patina. VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

Ex Garrett Collection – Pedigreed to 1922 1002. Julia Augusta (Livia). Augusta, AD 14-29. Æ Dupondius (30mm, 13.28 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. IVSTITIA, diademed and draped bust of Julia Augusta (Livia) as Justitia right / TI • CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVG • P M TR • POT • XXIIII around large S • C. RIC I 46 (Tiberius); BMCRE 79-80 (Tiberius); BN 57-61 (Tiberius). Redbrown patina, minor roughness. VF. ($1000) From the David Feinstein Collection, purchased from David Vagi, 16 January 2004. Ex John Work Garrett Collection (Part I, Numismatic Fine Arts/Bank Leu, 16 May 1984), lot 719, purchased from S. H. Chapman, April 3, 1922.

1003. Julia Augusta (Livia). Augusta, AD 14-29. Æ Dupondius (30mm, 13.37 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. SALVS • AVGVSTA, bareheaded and draped bust of Julia Augusta (Livia) as Salus Augusta right, wearing waved hair and fastened in a knot at the back / TI • CAESAR • DIVI AVG • F • AVG P M • TR • POT • XXIIII • around large S • C. RIC I 47 (Tiberius); BMCRE 81-4 (Tiberius); BN 63-7 (Tiberius). Green patina, minor smoothing. VF. ($1000) From the David Feinstein Collection.

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1004 1005 1004. Tiberius. As Caesar, AD 4-14. Æ Dupondius (26.5mm, 12.10 g, 11h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Augustus, AD 10. TI • CAESAR • AVGVST • F • IMPERAT • V •, laureate head of Tiberius left / ROM ET AVG in exergue, the Great Altar of Lugdunum: altar enclosure; panels decorated with corona civica flanked by figures holding laurel branches; decoration along roofline; altar flanked by columns surmounted by statues of Victory standing vis-à-vis, each holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and wreath in right hand. RIC I 236b (Augustus); Lyon 104 (Augustus); BMCRE – (Augustus); BN 1753 (Augustus). Dark gray and brown surfaces, minor porosity. VF. ($500) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXII.2 (Spring/Summer 1997), no. 28; Classical Numismatic Group 41 (19 March 1997), lot 1739.

1005. Tiberius. As Caesar, AD 4-14. Æ Dupondius (30mm, 12.59 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Augustus, AD 10. TI • CAESAR • AVGVST • F • IMPERAT • V •, laureate head of Tiberius right / [R]OM ET AVG in exergue, the Great Altar of Lugdunum: altar enclosure; panels decorated with corona civica flanked by figures holding laurel branches; decoration along roofline; altar flanked by columns surmounted by statues of Victory standing vis-à-vis, each holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and wreath in right hand. RIC I 236a (Augustus); Lyon 108 (Augustus); BMCRE 575 (Augustus); BN 1757-9 (Augustus). Green patina, hairline flan crack. VF. ($500) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 773915 (13 January 2007); Lanz 128 (22 May 2006), lot 230.

1006 1007 1006. Tiberius. As Caesar, AD 4-14. Æ As (27.5mm, 11.71 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Augustus, AD 10. TI CAESAR AVGVST • F IMPERAT • V •, laureate head of Tiberius right / ROM ET AVG in exergue, the Great Altar of Lugdunum: altar enclosure; panels decorated with corona civica flanked by figures holding laurel branches; decoration along roofline; altar flanked by columns surmounted by statues of Victory standing vis-à-vis, each holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and wreath in right hand. RIC I 238a (Augustus); Lyon 109 (Augustus); BMCRE – (Augustus); BN 1760 (Augustus). Attractive tan-brown patina, a few marks on reverse. Good VF. Bold portrait. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

1007. Tiberius. As Caesar, AD 4-14. Æ Semis (21mm, 4.70 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Augustus, AD 10. TI CAESAR • AVGVST • F • IMPERAT • V •, bare head of Tiberius left / ROM ET ΛVG in exergue, the Great Altar of Lugdunum: altar enclosure; panels decorated with corona civica flanked by figures holding laurel branches; decoration along roofline; altar flanked by columns surmounted by statues of Victory standing vis-à-vis, each holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and wreath in right hand. RIC I 239 (Augustus); Lyon 102 (Augustus); BMCRE 577 (Augustus); BN 174750 (Augustus). Brown patina. VF. ($300) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Kovacs XV (1 October 2003), lot 306.

1008. Tiberius. As Caesar, AD 4-14. Æ Dupondius (26mm, 13.48 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Augustus, AD 13-14. TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT VII, laureate head of Tiberius right / ROM ET AV[G] in exergue, the Great Altar of Lugdunum: altar enclosure; panels decorated with corona civica flanked by figures holding laurel branches; decoration along roofline; altar flanked by columns surmounted by statues of Victory standing vis-à-vis, each holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and wreath in right hand. RIC I 244 (Augustus); Lyon 113 (Augustus); BMCRE 583-7 (Augustus); BN 1765-8 (Augustus). Dark green patina. Good VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

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1009 1010 1009. Tiberius. As Caesar, AD 4-14. Æ Dupondius (27.5mm, 13.04 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Augustus, AD 13-14. TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT VII, laureate head of Tiberius right / ROM ET AVG in exergue, the Great Altar of Lugdunum: altar enclosure; panels decorated with corona civica flanked by figures holding laurel branches; decoration along roofline; altar flanked by columns surmounted by statues of Victory standing vis-à-vis, each holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and wreath in right hand. RIC I 244 (Augustus); Lyon 113 (Augustus); BMCRE 583-7 (Augustus); BN 1765-8 (Augustus). Dark brown surfaces, minor roughness. VF. ($500) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 781538 (12 January 2007).

1010. Tiberius. As Caesar, AD 4-14. Æ Semis (19.5mm, 4.66 g, 4h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Augustus, AD 13-14. TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT VII, laureate head of Tiberius right / ROM ET AVG in exergue, the Great Altar of Lugdunum: altar enclosure; panels decorated with corona civica flanked by figures holding laurel branches; decoration along roofline; altar flanked by columns surmounted by statues of Victory standing vis-à-vis, each holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and wreath in right hand. RIC I 246 (Augustus); Lyon 115 (Augustus); BMCRE 588 (Augustus); BN 180517 (Augustus). Dark brown patina, earthen encrustation, some cleaning scratches. Near VF. ($150) From the David Feinstein Collection.

1011. Tiberius. As Caesar, AD 4-14. Æ As (29mm, 10.64 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Augustus, AD 10-11. TI • CAESAR • AVGVST • F • IMPERAT • V, bare head right / PONTIFEX • TRIBVN • POTESTATE • XII • around large S • C. RIC I 469 (Augustus); BMCRE 271-3 (Augustus); BN 878-81 (Augustus). Green and brown surfaces. Good VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear 12 (28 October 2005), lot 533; Rudolf Berk Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 69, 8 June 2005), lot 1512.

1012. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.80 g, 9h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 18-35. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head right, one ribbon on shoulder / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right on chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 30; Lyon 150; RSC 16a; BMCRE 48-60; BN 28–31. Deep cabinet tone, minor deposits, small mark in reverse margin. Near EF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

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1013 1014 1013. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (28mm, 10.92 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 15-16. TI • CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST • IMP • VII •, bare head left / PONTIF • MAXIM • TRIBVN • POTEST • XVII, S C across field, female figure (Livia), veiled and draped, seated right, holding patera in right hand and long scepter in left, her feet rest on a stool. RIC I 34; BMCRE 68-9; BN 41. Brown surfaces, a few minor spots of inert green, a few shallow cleaning scratches on obverse. VF. ($400) From the David Feinstein Collection.

1014. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (28mm, 11.17 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 15-16. [TI • C]AESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVSTVS • IMP • VII •, bare head right / PONTIF • MAXIM • TRIBVN • POTEST • XVII, S C across field, female figure (Livia), veiled and draped, seated right, holding patera in right hand and long scepter in left, her feet rest on a stool. RIC I 35; BMCRE 66-7; BN 39. Dark brown patina, minor roughness. VF. Rare. ($400) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Stuttgarter Münzauktion I (22 November 2010), lot 383.

1015. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 13.28 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 16-22 or 34-37. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VII[I], laureate head left / MODERATIONI above, S C across field, small bareheaded bust of Tiberius facing within round medallion, surrounded by petals, outside of which is a thick raised circle of petals, like those of a sunflower; beyond that, on the outside of the shield, a pattern of trefoils and dots. RIC I 39; BMCRE 90; BN 129. Dark brown patina, minor smoothing. Good VF. Rare. ($1500) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Künker 262 (13 March 2015), lot 7919.

1016. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (28.5mm, 11.34 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 22-23. TI CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST • IMP • VIII, bare head left / PONTIF • MAXIM • TRIBVN • POTEST • XXIIII around large S • C. RIC I 44; BMCRE 91-4; BN 68-71. Dark green-brown patina, some minor smoothing. VF. ($400) From the David Feinstein Collection.

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1017. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ Sestertius (34.5mm, 27.47 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 34-35. Empty horse-drawn quadriga right, its side ornamented with trophy, captive seated left, Victory standing right, erecting trophy, and wreath / TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXXVI around large S • C. RIC I 54; BMCRE 103; BN 86. Green and brown patina, some roughness. VF. Rare. ($500) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Vilmar Numismatics Inventory 4652; Leonard Feinberg Collection (Coin Galleries, 28 April 2010), lot 389.

1018. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (29mm, 10.76 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 34-35. TI • CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST • IMP • VIII •, laureate head left / PONTIF • MAX • TR POT XXXVI, S C across field, rudder placed vertically across globe, a band across globe; below, to right, a small globe attached to blade of rudder. RIC I 52; BMCRE 104-5; BN 89. Green patina, minor smoothing and roughness. Good VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection, purchased from David Vagi, 17 January 2004.

1019. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (28mm, 10.91 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 34-35. TI CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST IMP • VIII •, laureate head left / PONTIF • MAXIM • TRIBVN POTEST • XXXVI •, S C across field, vertical winged caduceus. RIC I 53; BMCRE 107; BN –. Dark green patina, minor roughness on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

1020 1021 1020. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (27mm, 11.95 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 35-36. TI CAESAR • DIVI • AVG F • AVGVST • IMP • VIII •, laureate head left / PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVII, S C across field, vertical winged caduceus. RIC I 59; BMCRE 120-4; BN 103-7. Green and red-brown patina, some earthen deposits. VF. ($400) From the David Feinstein Collection.

1021. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 24.29 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 36-37. Empty horse-drawn quadriga right, its side ornamented with trophy, captive seated left, Victory standing right, erecting trophy, and wreath / TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXXIIX around large S • C. RIC I 66; BMCRE 130; BN 116-7. Attractive tan river patina, fields lightly smoothed. VF. ($1000) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Cornelius C. Vermeule III Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 50, 23 June 1999), lot 20.

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1022. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 20.47 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 36-37. Hexastyle temple with flanking wings; Concordia seated within, Hercules and Mercury standing on flanking podia; Jupiter, Juno, Minerva and Victories above pediment / TI CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST • P • M TR POT XXXIIX • around large S • C. RIC I 67; BMCRE 132-4; BN 119-21. Brown river surfaces, die break on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 236 (7 March 2016), lot 415 (hammer €2200); Lanz 76 (18 May 1996), lot 391.

1023 1024 1023. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (26mm, 10.49 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 36-37. TI • CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST • IMP • VIII, laureate head left / PONTIF • MAX • TR • POT • XXXIIX •, S C across field, rudder placed vertically across globe, a pair of bands across globe from left to right downward; below, to right, a small globe attached to blade of rudder. RIC I 64; BMCRE 135; BN 122. Green and brown surfaces. VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 1151.

1024. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (28mm, 10.65 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 36-37. TI CAESAR • DIVI • AVG • F • AVGVST • IMP • VIII •, laureate head left / PONTIF • MAX • TR • POT • XXXIIX •, S C across field, rudder placed vertically across globe, a pair of bands across globe from left to right downward; below, to right, a small globe attached to blade of rudder. RIC I 64; BMCRE 135; BN 122. Brown river surfaces, coppery highlights. Good VF. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

1026 1025 1025. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (28mm, 10.02 g, 1h). Rome mint. Struck AD 36-37. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII, laureate head left / PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXIIX, S C across field, vertical winged caduceus. RIC I 65; BMCRE 138; BN –. Green-brown patina, minor smoothing marks. Good VF. Rare. ($750) From the David Feinstein Collection.

1026. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ Dupondius (29mm, 16.24 g, 12h). Commagene mint(?). Struck AD 19-20. TI CAESAR • DIVI • AVGVSTI • F • AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONT • MAXIM • COS • III • IMP • VII • TR • POT • XXII, winged caduceus between two crossed cornucopias. RIC I 90; RPC I 3869; BMCRE 174-6; BN 163-7. Hard green patina, earthen deposits, minor smoothing. VF. ($400) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Davissons 28 (17 December 2009), lot 101; Coin Galleries (20 July 2005), lot 72.

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1028 1027 1027. Drusus. Died AD 23. Æ As (30mm, 11.10 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. DRVSVS • CAESAR • TI • AVG • F • DIVI • AVG • N •, bare head left / PONTIF • TRIBVN • POTEST • ITER • around large S • C. RIC I 45 (Tiberius); BMCRE 99-101 (Tiberius); BN 78-82 (Tiberius). Green-brown and tan surfaces, some shallow marks on reverse. VF. ($400) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Berk BBS 97 (12 September 1997), lot 591.

1028. Tiberius & Germanicus Gemellus. AD 19-37/8 and 19-23/4, respectively. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 26.56 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Crossed cornucopias, each surmounted by bareheaded bust of boy, vis-à-vis; vertical winged caduceus between / DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N PONT TR POT II around large S • C. RIC I 42 (Tiberius); BMCRE 95-7 (Tiberius); BN 72-3 (Tiberius); CNR XI, 5/5 (this coin). Tan surfaces, some darker areas, some shallow scratches. VF. ($1500) From the David Feinstein Collection. Ex Spink 207 (23 March 2011), lot 810; Peus 269 (26 November 1968), lot 178.

First Gold Issue of Tiberius as Augustus

1029. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.91 g, 10h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 14-15. TI CAESAR DIVI ΛVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / TR POT XVI, IMP VII in exergue, Tiberius driving slow quadriga right, holding eagle-tipped scepter in left hand, laurel branch in right. RIC I 1; Lyon 120/4a (D–/R15 [unlisted obv. die]); Calicó 307; BMCRE 1 (same obv. die); BN 3; Biaggi 171. Underlying luster. Near EF. ($7500) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Triton XXII (8 January 2019), lot 991.

1030. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.77 g, 6h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 18-35. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS in small letters, large laureate head right; one ribbon on shoulder / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right on chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 29; Lyon 149; Calicó 305a; BMCRE 46; BN 22-7; Biaggi 168. Attractive cabinet tone, minor flaw in reverse field. Superb EF. Wonderful portrait. ($10,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 33 (6 April 2006), lot 408 (hammer CHF 21,000); Leu 10 (29 May 1974), lot 39.

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1031. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.84 g, 3h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 18-35. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS in small letters, large laureate head right; one ribbon on shoulder / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right on chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 29; Lyon 149; Calicó 305a; BMCRE 46; BN 22-7; Biaggi 168. In NGC encapsulation 4372683-001, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($7500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

1032. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.84 g, 11h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 18-35. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS in small letters, large laureate head right; one ribbon on shoulder / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right on chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 29; Lyon 149; Calicó 305a; BMCRE 46; BN 22-7; Biaggi 168. In NGC encapsulation 3419387-001, graded Ch XF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($7500) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

1033. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.68 g, 5h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 18-35. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head right; one ribbon on shoulder / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left, feet on footstool; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 30; Lyon 150; RSC 16a; BMCRE 48-60; BN 28-31. Lightly toned, faint hairlines, reverse slightly off center. Good VF. Elegant portrait. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex D. C. Kopen Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 108 (16 May 2018), lot 564: Gemini X (13 January 2013), lot 554.

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1034. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.72 g, 6h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 18-35. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head right; one ribbon on shoulder / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left, feet on footstool; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 30; Lyon 150; RSC 16a; BMCRE 48-60; BN 28-31. Toned. In NGC encapsulation 4283181-001, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5. ($750) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

1035. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.72 g, 6h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 6, AD 36-37. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head right; long, parallel ribbons / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right on chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 29; Lyon 153; Calicó 305c; BMCRE 47; BN 26-7 var. (one ribbon on shoulder); Adda 14; Biaggi 170; Mazzini 15** var. (same). A few marks on reverse. EF. Well struck on a broad flan. Wonderful portrait. ($7500)

1036. Antonia Minor. Augusta, AD 37 and 41. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.68 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 41-42. ANTONIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, wearing wreath of grain ears, from which one long tie hangs down at back; her hair is fastened in a long plait at back of head / SACERDOS upward to left, DIVI between flames of torches, AVGVSTI downward to right, two lighted torches, upright, bound just below flames by ribbon which hangs in a curve in the middle, its ends hang down at both sides. RIC I 67 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 15 (unlisted dies); Calicó 319; BMCRE 112-3 (Claudius); BN 15-7 (Claudius); Adda 19; Biaggi 185-6; Jameson 36-7; Mazzini 4; Ponterio 152, lot 5942 (same rev. die); Rauch MBS 11, lot 609 (same dies). Matte surfaces, minor marks, small flaw on obverse. EF. Rare. ($10,000) 208


1037. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.71 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. 1st emission, AD 37. C • CAESAR • ΛVG • GERM P • M • TR • POT • COS •, bare head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Radiate head of Divus Augustus right, between two six-pointed stars. RIC I 1; Lyon 156/5a (D – [unlisted obv. die/R5); Calicó 336; BMCRE 1 (same rev. die); BN 1-2; Biaggi 192-3; Mazzini 10. In NGC encapsulation 4936199-001, graded Ch VF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5. ($30,000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

1038. Gaius (Caligula), with Germanicus. AD 37-41. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.78 g, 10h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. 2nd emission, 2nd phase, late AD 37-early 38. C CAESAR • AVG • GERM • P • M • TR • POT, laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right / GERMANICVS • CAES • P • C • CAES • AVG • GERM, bare head of Germanicus right. RIC I 18 (Rome); Lyon 172/11a (D –[unlisted obv. die]/R155); RSC 2; BMCRE 19-20 (Rome); BN 28-9. Deep blue-iridescent toning, a few small, faint marks. Choice EF. Well centered and struck on a broad flan. Among the finest known specimens of this historic type. ($15,000) Ex Heritage 3030 (5 January 2014), lot 23928.

Ex Montagu and Vicomte E. de Quelen Collections – Pedigreed to 1888

1039. Gaius (Caligula), with Germanicus. AD 37-41. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.72 g, 10h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck March AD 38. C CAESAR • AVG • PON • M • TR • POT • III COS • III, laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right / GERMANICVS • CAES • P • C • CAES • AVG • GERM •, bare head of Germanicus right. RIC I 25; Lyon 180/5a (D193/ R193 – this coin); Calicó 324; BMCRE 26-7; BN –; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini 6. Toned. VF. Very rare. ($20,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 63 (21 May 2003), lot 1231; Lanz 58 (21 November 1991), lot 481; R. Ratto (12 May 1925), lot 782; Naville II (12 June 1922), lot 248; M. H. Montagu Collection (Rollin & Feuardent, Paris, 20 April 1896, lot 130; Vicomte E. de Quelen Collection (Rollin & Feuardent, Paris, 14 May 1888), lot 747.

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1040. Claudius. AD 41-54. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.77 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 41-42. TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P, laureate head right / CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI, Constantia, raising right hand, seated left on curule chair, feet on footstool. RIC I 14 (Rome); von Kaenel Type 9 (unlisted dies); Lyon 19 (unlisted dies); RSC 6; BMCRE 13-5; BN 29. A few marks on obverse, some hairlines. EF. Well centered on a round flan. Quite pleasing in hand. ($7500) Ex Dr. Nicholas Lowe Collection; Barry Feirstein Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 45, 2 April 2008), lot 87, purchased from Harlan J. Berk Ltd.

1041. Claudius. AD 41-54. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.71 g, 10h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 44-45. TI CLAVD CAESAR • AVG • P • M • TR • P • IIII, laureate head right / PACI AVGVSTAE, Pax-Nemesis advancing right, holding out fold of drapery below chin with right hand and holding in left hand a winged caduceus pointing down at serpent gliding right with head erect. RIC I 27; von Kaenel Type 22, 568 (V –[unlisted obv. die]/R373); Lyon 42; Calicó 366; BMCRE 26; BN 40-1; Biaggi 209; Jameson 42; Mazzini 55 (same rev. die). Underlying luster. Near EF. ($7500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex DMS Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 1007; Classical Numismatic Review XXI.2 (Fall 1996), no. 37.

1042. Claudius. AD 41-54. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.77 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 46-47. TI CLAVD • CAESAR • AVG • P • M • TR • P • VI • IMP • XI, laureate head right / PACI AVGVSTAE, Pax-Nemesis, draped, advancing right, with right arm bent upward she pulls out a fold of her robe below the neck and holds in left hand a winged caduceus pointed downward at a serpent, head erect, gliding right. RIC I 38; von Kaenel Type 24 (unlisted dies); Lyon 46 (unlisted dies); Calicó 367a; BMCRE 39; BN 49-50; Biaggi 210; Jameson –; Mazzini 57; Bourgey (6 December 1961), lot 19 (same obv. die). A few minor marks. EF. ($15,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Morton & Eden 95-96 (24 October 2018), lot 359 (hammer £22,000).

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1043. Claudius, with Agrippina Junior. AD 41-54. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.66 g, 5h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 50-51. TI CLAVD CAE•SAR • AVG • GERM • P • M TRIB POT • P • P •, laureate head of Claudius right / AGRIPPINΛE AVGVSTAE, draped bust of Agrippina right, wearing wreath of grain ears and hair in long plait taken up, two locks falling loosely down neck. RIC I 80; von Kaenel Type 50, 797 (V678/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Lyon 82 (unlisted dies); Calicó 396b; BMCRE 72-4; BN 76-81; Biaggi 215-6; Jameson 45; Mazzini 3; Adda 25. Toned, traces of deposits. Near EF. Two attractive portraits. ($10,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 54 (24 March 2010), lot 339; Numismatica Ars Classica 46 (2 April 2008), lot 506 (hammer CHF 15,000).

1044. Claudius, with Nero as Caesar. AD 41-54. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.58 g, 7h). Lugdunum mint. Struck AD 51. TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM • P • M • TRIB POT • P • P •, laureate head of Claudius right / NERO CLAVD CAES DRVSVS GERM PRINC IVVENT •, bareheaded and draped bust of young Nero left. RIC I 82; von Kaenel Type 51, – (unlisted dies); Lyon 84 (unlisted dies); Calicó 391; BMCRE 79; BN 85-88; Biaggi 217; Jameson 48; Mazzini 4. Cabinet tone, minor deposit. VF. Rare. ($5000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E., purchased from Arcade Coins, Toronto (1998).

1045. Claudius. AD 41-54. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.83 g, 5h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 44-45. TI CLAVD • CAESAR • AVG • P • M • TR • P • IIII •, laureate head right / IMPER RECEPT across upper section of wall, Claudius seated left, holding scepter; to left, signum; all within distyle building with crescent in pediment and flanked by crenelated walls with arched entries; all set on crenelated wall with two arched entries. RIC I 25; von Kaenel Type 21, 376 (V306/R315 – this coin); Lyon 40/19a (D179/R193 – this coin); Calicó 361a; BMCRE 23; BN 43-4; Biaggi 206; Mazzini 43; CNR XIV, 90 (this coin). Reddish tone. EF. ($30,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex collection of a director (Triton XX, 10 January 2017), lot 661 (hammer $40,000); Münzen und Medaillen AG 44 (15 June 1971), lot 35. Upon Caligula’s assassination in January, AD 41, Claudius was the sole surviving Julio-Claudian male. When members of the Praetorian Guard found him cowering behind a curtain in the palace, they immediately acclaimed him as Emperor and brought him to the Castra Praetoria, their fortified camp on the outskirts of Rome. Claudius astutely awarded the Praetorians a substantial bonus, and, with 10,000 heavily armed soldiers backing him, he easily forced the Senate to accept him as the next princeps. On this aureus, Claudius clearly acknowledges his debt to the Praetorians, depicting the walled Castra the legend IMPER RECEPT –- “The Emperor Received.”

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1046. Nero, with Agrippina Junior. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.46 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck December AD 54. AGRIPP AVG DIVI CLAVD NERONIS CAES MATER, bare head of Nero right, facing draped bust of Agrippina Junior left / NERONI [CLAVD DIVI F] CAES AVG GERM IMP TR P, EX • S C within oak wreath. RIC I 2 (Rome); WCN 36; Lyon 5; RSC 7; BMCRE 3; BN 8-9. Deeply toned, scratches under tone, a couple of flan flaws. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 203 (5 March 2012), lot 323; Numismatica Ars Classica E (4 April 1995), lot 2852.

1047. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.73 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 60-61. NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head right / PONTIF • MAX • TR • P • VII • COS IIII • P • P •, EX • S C within oak wreath. RIC I 21; WCN 10; Lyon 21 (unlisted dies); Calicó 427; BMCRE 23; BN 28-9; Adda 36; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini 215 (same rev. die). Small stain on obverse, some faint hairlines. Near EF. ($7500) Ex Nomisma 51 (14 October 2014), lot 578.

1048. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.57 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 61-62. NERO • CAESAR • AVG • IMP •, bare head right / PONTIF • MAX TR P • VIII • COS • IIII P P, EX S C across field, Roma, helmeted, in military dress, cloak over shoulders, standing right, left foot on helmet; dagger and bow on ground to right; holding with both hands a round shield set on her left knee. RIC I 33 (Rome); Lyon 33; Calicó 433 (Rome and Lugdunum); BMCRE 36 (Rome); cf. BN 44 (Denarius); Biaggi –. Underlying luster. Near EF. ($7500) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 719; Auctiones AG 25 (19 June 1995), lot 798.

1049. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (36mm, 24.71 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck circa AD 66. IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONTIF MAX TRIB POT P P, laureate head right, globe at point of neck / ANNONA AVGVSTI CERES, S C in exergue, Annona on left, draped, standing right, resting right hand on hip and holding cornucopia with left, facing Ceres on right, veiled and draped, seated left, holding grain ears in right hand and torch in left, her feet on a stool; between them, modius with grain ears on garlanded altar; behind, ship’s stern. RIC I 496; WCN 431; Lyon 169; BMCRE –; BN –. Dark green patina, earthen deposits. Good VF. Excellent portrait. ($3000) Ex Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

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1050. Nero, with Agrippina Junior. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.54 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 55. NERO CLAVD DIVI F CAES AVG GERM IMP TR P COS, jugate bareheaded busts right, of Nero, a fold of cloak on back of neck, and of Agrippina, draped / AGRIPP AVG DIVI CLAVD NERONIS CAES MATER, EX S C in field above elephants, Divus Claudius, radiate, holding eagle-tipped scepter in right hand and Divus Augustus, radiate, holding patera in right, scepter in left, driving quadriga of elephants left. RIC I 6; WCN 3; Calicó 397; BMCRE 7; BN 10-12; Biaggi 218; Jameson 47; Mazzini 3. Toned, underlying luster. Near EF. Very rare. Two finely engraved portraits struck in high relief. ($20,000) Ex Gasvoda Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 109, 12 September 2018), lot 638; Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 722; Numismatica Ars Classica 94 (6 October 2016), lot 114; Numismatica Ars Classica 64 (17 May 2012), lot 1116 (hammer CHF 55,000).

Youthful Portrait in High Relief

1051. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.65 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 60-61. NERO • CAESAR • AVG • IMP, bare head right / PONTIF • MAX • TR • P • V[I]I • COS • IIII • P • P •, EX S C across field, Virtus, helmeted, in military dress, standing left, right foot helmet among shields, holding parazonium in right hand resting on right knee, vertical spear in left hand. RIC I 25; WCN 12; Calicó 429; BMCRE 27-8; BN 35-6; Biaggi 233; Jameson –; Mazzini 219 (same rev. die). Underlying luster, some light marks. EF. High relief portrait. ($10,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 1400.

1052. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.65 g, 4h). Rome mint. Struck AD 60-61. NERO • CAESAR • AVG • IMP •, bare head right / PONTIF • MAX TR P VII COS IIII P P, EX S C across field, Virtus, helmeted, in military dress, standing left, right foot on helmet among shields, holding parazonium in right hand resting on right knee, vertical spear in left hand. RIC I 25; WCN 12; Calicó 429; BMCRE 27-8; BN 35-6; Biaggi 233; Jameson –; Mazzini 219. Toned, underlying luster, faint hairlines on reverse. EF. Bold portrait struck in high relief. ($10,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex collection of a European Scholar lately Deceased (LHS 97, 10 May 2006), lot 6 (hammer CHF 14,000); Leu 65 (21 May 1996), lot 333.

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1053. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.29 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-66. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / AVGVSTVS AVGVSTA, Nero, radiate and togate, standing left, holding patera in right hand and scepter in left; to right, his wife, Poppaea Sabina, veiled and draped, standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC I 44 and 56; WCN 23; Calicó 401; BMCRE 52-3; BN 200 (same dies); Biaggi 220; Mazzini 42. EF. Well struck and centered on a full flan. ($10,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 94 (6 October 2016), lot 131 (hammer CHF 17,000).

Ex Price, Morgan, and Strozzi Collections – Pedigreed to 1907

1054. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.36 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-65. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter, bare to waist, with cloak around lower limbs, seated left on throne, holding thunderbolt in right hand and vertical scepter in left. RIC I 52; WCN 25; Calicó 412; BMCRE 67-73; BN 213-9; Biaggi 225-6; Mazzini 118; Morgan 59 (this coin); CNR XVI, 62 (this coin). Toned, underlying luster. EF. ($10,000) From the collection of Professor David R. Beatty, C.M., O.B.E. Ex CNG Inventory 719073 (March 2000); Michael F. Price Collection (Stack’s, 3 December 1996), lot 134; J. Pierpont Morgan Collection (Stack’s, 14 September 1983), lot 55, purchased by Morgan between 1907 and 1913; Marquis Carlo Strozzi Collection (Sangiorgi, 15 April 1907), 1837 bis.

1055. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (36mm, 26.57 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 65. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, S C across field, Temple of Janus, with latticed windows to left and garland hung across closed double doors to right. RIC I 265; WCN 153; BMCRE 160; BN 373-6. Glossy brown patina, areas of minor doubling. Near EF. Wonderful portrait. ($4000) 214


1056. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.27 g, 4h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 66-67. IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter, bare to waist, cloak around lower limbs, seated left on throne, holding thunderbolt in right hand, scepter in left. RIC I 63; WCN 30; Calicó 413; BMCRE 77-9; BN 231-2; Adda 32; Biaggi 227-8; Mazzini 120 and 120*. In NGC encapsulation 4680609-001, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($7500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

1057. Civil War. AD 68-69. Fourrée Denarius (16mm, 2.69 g, 6h). Uncertain mint in Gaul. SALVS GENERIS HVMANI, Victory standing right on globe, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond over left shoulder in left / S • P • Q • R • within oak wreath. Cf. RIC I 68; cf. AM 78B1; cf. RSC 421; cf. BMCRE 31-2; cf. BN 34-5. Old collection tone, scratches, some breaks in plating. VF. Rare. ($750)

1058. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Quinarius (15mm, 1.72 g, 6h). Uncertain mint in Gaul. SER GALBA IMP CAESAR AVG P M T P, laureate head right / VICTORIA GALBAE AVG, Victory, draped, standing left on globe, holding wreath in outstretched right hand and palm frond in left. RIC I 131 corr. (Victory not right but left); King 2; RSC 318 corr. (obv. legend); BMCRE 246; BN 62. Toned, minor flan crack, some porosity and scratches. Good VF. Rare. ($750) Ex Hess-Divo 333 (30 November 2017), lot 132; The Galba Collection (The New York Sale I (3 December 1998), lot 241.

Impressive Galba Portrait

1059. Galba. AD 68-69. Æ Sestertius (37mm, 28.57 g, 6h). Rome mint, 4th officina. Struck circa June-August AD 68. IMP SER GALBA AVG TR P, draped bust right, wearing oak wreath / S P Q R/ OB/ CIV • SER in three lines within oak wreath. RIC I 263; ACG 277a (A65/P –[unlisted rev. die]); BMCRE 115-6; BN 122 (same obv. die). Struck on an oversized flan with brown surfaces, some green, minor doubling on reverse. VF. A river coin with an impressive portrait of Galba. ($1500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 53 (15 March 2000), lot 1471; Spink Zurich 8 (4 November 1982), lot 45.

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1060. Galba. AD 68-69. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.36 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68-January 69. IMP SER GALBA AVG, bare head right / S P Q R/ OB C S in two lines within oak wreath. RIC I 164; Calicó 509a; BMCRE 29-30 corr. (not laureate); BN 72-4; Adda 42; Biaggi 265 var. (break in obv. legend); Jameson 53; Mazzini 286. In NGC encapsulation 2086363-001, graded XF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5, Fine Style. ($30,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Stack’s Bowers and Ponterio 173 (8 January 2013), lot 2029.

1061. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.41 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68-January 69. IMP SER GALBA [AVG], bare head right / S P Q R/ OB/ C S in three lines within oak wreath. RIC I 167; RSC 287; BMCRE 34 corr. (not laureate); BN 76-7. Lightly toned, areas of minor porosity on obverse, faint hairlines. EF. Powerful portrait. ($1500)

1062. Otho. AD 69. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.27 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 15 January–8 March. IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right / SECV RI TAS P R, Securitas, draped, standing left, holding wreath in right hand and scepter in left. RIC I 8; Muona Group 1, Type 4B, Portrait Type A; RSC 17; BMCRE 18; BN 10. Toned, a pair of bankers’ scratches on obverse, shallow cleaning scratches. VF. Full legends on a round flan. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex San Vicente Collection.

Superb Vitellius Aureus

1063. Vitellius. AD 69. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.28 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa late April-20 December. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right / PONT MΛXIM, Vesta, veiled and draped, seated right on throne, holding patera in extended right hand, left hand holding short scepter propped on leg. RIC I 106; Calicó 571; BMCRE 33; BN 70; Biaggi 282. A small scratch skillfully repaired in the obverse field. Superb EF. Wonderful portrait. ($30,000) Ex Künker 270 (2 October 2015), lot 8642 (hammer €105,000); Lanz 145 (with Numismatica Bernardi, 5 January 2009), lot 69; Lanz 135 (21 May 2007), lot 569 (before scratch removed).

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1064. Vitellius. AD 69. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.02 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa late April-20 December. Λ VITELLIVS GERM IMP ΛVG TR P, laureate head right / PONT MΛXIM, Vesta, veiled and draped, seated right on throne, holding patera in right hand, left hand and scepter in left. RIC I 106; Calicó 571; BMCRE 33; BN 70; Adda 46; Biaggi 282; Mazzini 71. In NGC encapsulation 4936000-002, graded VF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5, lt. scratches. ($10,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex DMS Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 1045; Robert O. Ebert Collection (Part I, Stack’s Bowers & Ponterio 174, 11 January 2013), lot 5435; Marian A. Sinton Collection (Triton III, 30 November 1999), lot 1027.

Ex Prince Waldeck Collection – Calicó Plate Coin

1065. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.25 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck January-June AD 70. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / COS ITER T R POT, Pax seated left, holding olive branch in right hand and cradling winged caduceus in left. RIC II.1 28; Calicó 607a (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 23-5; BN 17; Adda 51; Biaggi 307. Surface marks, traces of deposits, shallow edge scrape. Good VF. ($4000) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection. Ex Kü1nker 101 (22 June 2005), lot 1072; Prince Waldeck Collection (Part III, Münzhandlung Basel 6, 18 March 1936), lot 1611.

1066. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.29 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck July-December AD 71. IMP CAES VE SP ΛVG P M, laureate head right / VIC AVG across field, Victory, draped, wings pointed upward, standing right on globe, holding wreath in extended right hand and palm frond in left hand over left shoulder. RIC II.1 47; Calicó 698a (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 63; BN 47; Adda 60 (same rev. die); Biaggi 344; Mazzini 583. Well struck, underlying luster. Superb EF. Excellent portrait. Comparable to the best in CoinArchives at $25,000. ($15,000)

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Wonderful Vespasian Portrait

1067. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 25.94 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 71. IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right / ROMA, S C across field, Roma, helmeted, in military dress, standing left, holding Victory on extended right hand and vertical spear in left. RIC II.1 190; BMCRE 560-3; BN 525-8; CNG E-143, lot 209 (same dies). Green patina, areas of minor smoothing on obverse, some roughness. EF. Wonderful portrait. ($3000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins (Bill Kalmbach), 2006. Classical Numismatic Group 60 (22 May 2002), lot 1585 (hammer $3100).

1068. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.29 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 72-73. IMP CAES VESP A VG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / VIC AVG, Victory, winged and draped, standing right on globe, holding wreath in extended right hand and palm frond in left over left shoulder. RIC II.1 361; Calicó 699; BMCRE 72-3; BN 59 (same dies); Biaggi 344-5; Mazzini 586. In NGC encapsulation 4680608-001, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($10,000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

1069. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Dupondius (27.5mm, 11.96 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 74. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS V CENS, radiate head right / FELICITA S PVBLICA, S C across field, Felicitas, draped, standing left, holding winged caduceus in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC II.1 715; BMCRE 696-7; BN 712-3. Green-brown patina, some shallow cleaning scratches on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

1070. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.37 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 76. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left / COS VII, heifer of Myron standing right. RIC II 842; Calicó 621; BMCRE 178; BN –; Adda 54; Biaggi 313; Mazzini 116; Peus 371, lot 360 (same dies). Toned, some tiny marks on obverse, chased in area on reverse. EF. High-relief portrait. ($7500) Ex Rauch 110 (2 July 2020), lot 232 (hammer €9250); Gorny & Mosch 185 (8 March 2010), lot 242. The reverse is thought to represent the bronze heifer by Myron, the 5th century BC Athenian sculptor. Vespasian placed the monumental work in his Templum Pacis (Temple of Peace), which was constructed following the close of the Jewish War. The temple complex doubled as a sort of public museum, where many of the spoils from the sack of Jerusalem were displayed alongside prominent works of art.

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1071. Divus Vespasian. Died AD 79. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.20 g, 6h). Restitution issue of Trajan. Rome mint. Struck circa AD 107 or 112/113. DIVVS • VESPASIANVS, laureate head right / IMP CAES [TRAI]AN • AVG GER DAC P P REST, winged thunderbolt on draped throne. RIC II 829 (Trajan); Komnick type 67.0 (unlisted dies); Calicó 707; BMCRE 703 (Trajan); BN 482 (Trajan); Biaggi 353. In NGC encapsulation 4280153-008, graded VF★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Rare. ($5000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 244 (6 March 2017), lot 481.

1072. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.29 g, 1h). Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 73. T CAES IMP VESP CENS, laureate head right / PONTIF TRI POT, Titus, togate, seated right on curule chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter in right hand and branch in left. RIC II.1 555 (Vespasian); Calicó 753; BMCRE 114-5 (Vespasian); BN 95-6 (Vespasian); Adda 66; Biaggi 371; Jameson 73; Mazzini 168. In NGC encapsulation 4680608-002, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($15,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Gasvoda Collection (Part II, Numismatica Ars Classica 94, 6 October 2016), lot 166; CNG Inventory 863115 (April 2010).

1073. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.45 g, 6h). “Judaea Capta” commemorative. Antioch mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 72-73. T CAES IMP VE[SP PO]N TR POT, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Palm tree; to left, Titus standing right, holding spear in right hand and parazonium in left, foot on helmet; to right, Judaea seated right in attitude of mourning. RIC II.1 1562 (Vespasian); Hendin 1492; RPC II 1934; RSC 392; BMCRE 518-9 (Vespasian). Toned, some find patina, a couple of die breaks on obverse, minor marks. VF. ($750)

1074. Titus. AD 79-81. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.32 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 1 January-30 June AD 80. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M •, laureate head right / TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, elephant, wearing armor, walking left on exergual line. RIC II.1 115; RSC 303; BMCRE 43-6; BN 37-40. Some hairlines, traces of die rust on obverse, minor die breaks and edge scrape on reverse. EF. ($1500) The elephant on this particular issue represents one of the numerous species displayed in the newly constructed Flavian Amphitheater, better known today as the Colosseum, built by prisoners of the First Jewish War on the site of the Domus Aurea of Nero. Opened to the public during Titus’ rule, in AD 80, and commemorated by Martial in de Spectaculis, the Colosseum was welcomed with great fanfare and games. During the opening ceremonies a great number of animals, including elephants, were both exhibited and slaughtered.

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Julia Titi – Tragic Flavian Empress

1075. Julia Titi. Augusta, AD 79-90/1. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.34 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Titus, AD 80-81. IVLIA AVGVSTA TITI AVGVSTI F •, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in long plait down back / VENVS AVGVST, Venus, drapery hanging loosely below waist, standing right, seen from behind, leaning back on column, cradling long scepter in left arm and holding crested helmet in extended right hand. RIC II.1 388 (Titus); RSC 14; BMCRE 141-143 (Titus); BN 106-107 (Titus). Sharply struck and lustrous. Choice EF. ($3000) Ex Nomos 2 (18 May 2010), lot 180; Triton XVIII (6 January 2015), lot 1054. Flavia Julia Titi was born in AD 65 as the daughter of Titus Flavius Vespasianus, an up-and-coming junior officer in the Roman Army. Titus was soon forced to divorce Julia’s mother, whose family was implicated in a plot against the Emperor Nero. Three years later, Vespasian seized the throne and Titus, his eldest son, was named Caesar and heir-apparent. Julia was Titus’s only child and grew up in the imperial palace, with all the indulgence and pampering that implies. But she also became a pawn in the deadly game of dynastic politics. In her teens, Julia evidently developed an attachment to Titus’s younger brother Domitian. When she came of age, Titus (reluctantly?) proposed that she marry Domitian. But Domitian was enamored with another lady and refused the match. We don’t know how she felt about this rejection, but a short time later Julia was betrothed to a cousin, Flavius Sabinus, who was just starting on his political career. In AD 79, Vespasian died and Titus became sole emperor. One of his first official acts was to raise Julia to the rank of Augusta, or Empress, the first woman in more than a decade to hold that exalted position. He struck this lovely coin for the occasion, pairing Julia’s obverse portrait with a charming image of Venus with her half-covered derriere turned coyly to the viewer. Julia thus became the first reigning Roman empress to be honored with a regular issue of Roman coins struck solely in her own name.

Remarkable Early Domitian Portrait

1076. Domitian. As Caesar, AD 69-81. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.30 g, 6h). Rome. Struck under Vespasian, AD 75. CAES AVG F DOMIT COS III, laureate head right / PRINCIPS (sic) IVVENTVT, Spes, draped, advancing left, holding up flower in right hand and with left raising hem of skirt. RIC II 787 (Vespasian), note 151; Calicó 913; BMCRE 154 (Vespasian); BN 131-4 (Vespasian) var. (reverse legend); Adda 74 var. (same); Biaggi 426 var. (same); Jameson 78 var. (same); Mazzini 374 var. (same). Attractively toned, underlying luster. Choice EF. ($20,000) Ex Numismatica Genevensis SA VIII (24 November 2014), lot 92. Coins struck of Domitian as Caesar follow the Flavian convention of highly realistic portraiture. He is depicted with a thick neck and a compact, fleshy face similar to those of his father, Vespasian, and brother, Titus. Here, he also sports a scruffy “chin beard,” a fashion popularized by Nero. Soon after he was acclaimed as Augustus in AD 81, his image underwent a complete makeover to a slimmed-down and idealized effigy.

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1077. Domitian. AD 81-96. AR Quinarius (15mm, 1.66 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 86. IMP CΛES DOMIT ΛVG GERM P M TR P V, laureate head right / IMP XI COS XII CENS P P P, Victory, draped, advancing right, holding wreath in outstretched right hand and palm frond in left hand over left shoulder. RIC II.1 433; King 2n (this coin referenced); RSC 197; BMCRE 92; BN 94. Handsome old cabinet tone, minor roughness. Near EF. ($750) Ex Monetarium 64 (Autumn 1995), no. 107; Crédit de la Bourse (19 April 1995), lot 275; Dr. E. P. Nicolas Collection (Kampmann, 9 March 1982), lot 292.

Domitian’s Germanic Campaign

1078. Domitian. AD 81-96. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.54 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 92-94. DOMITIANVS AVGVSTVS •, bare head right / GERMANICVS above, COS XVI in exergue, Domitian standing left in slow triumphal quadriga, holding laurel branch in right hand and scepter in left; Victory left, crowning trophy, on side of chariot. RIC II.1 749; Calicó 853; BMCRE 213; BN 190; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini 161. In NGC encapsulation 4680608-003, graded AU★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5, Fine Style. Rare. ($20,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (Part 1, 23 May 2016), lot 523; Triton XII (6 January 2009), lot 590; Triton VII (12 January 2004), lot 906. Domitian always stood in the shadow of his father and elder brother. Vespasian and Titus had been heaped with military and civic honors throughout their long and distinguished careers. When he became emperor in AD 81, Domitian sought to gain the glory that would equal or exceed that his father and brother had won in the Jewish War, and launched a series of moderately successful campaigns against the Germans and Dacians. This aureus proclaims him as Germanicus, a title he had assumed about a decade earlier, and serves as a memoir of his triumph in AD 89.

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The Restitution Coinage of Trajan – Divus Julius Caesar

1079. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.08 g, 6h). Restitution issue of Julius Caesar. Rome mint. Struck circa AD 107 or AD 112/113. DIVVS IVLIVS, laureate head Julius Caesar right / IMP • CAES • TRAIAN AVG GER • DAC • P • P • REST, Nemesis, winged, draped, advancing right, her right arm bent upward, and with right hand she pulls out fold of her robe below the neck, with left hand she holds a winged caduceus pointing downward at a snake gliding right. RIC III 815; Woytek 852.1 (this coin referenced); Komnick 54.0, 3 (this coin referenced); Calicó 48 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 698 (same obv. die); BN 475 (same dies); Biaggi 35 (same obv. die); Banti-Simonetti 187 (this coin referenced). Minor marks. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($50,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXI, 9 January 2018), lot 746; Numismatica Ars Classica 73 (18 November 2013), lot 277; Lanz 52 (14 May 1990), lot 365; Santamaria (6 June 1956), lot 27; V. J. E. Ryan Collection (Part 4, Glendining’s, 20 February 1951), lot 1573; Soler Collection. Although several Roman emperors re-issued types struck by their predecessors, which modern numismatists call restitution coinage, such coinage of Trajan is somewhat of an enigma. Unlike his Julio-Claudian and Flavian predecessors, whose restitution series was limited to bronze issues of specific emperors, Trajan struck only aurei and denarii. These restitution issues were of certain previous emperors, including Trajan’s immediate predecessor Nerva, as well as certain Republican issues, such as an early didrachm that itself had long been out of circulation. Finally, he struck what might rightfully be called fantasies – coins that had never been minted originally. The most obvious example of such a coin is the “restitution” aureus of Julius Caesar (see lot 746 below), which pairs a Trajanic-style portrait of the Divus with a reverse type of the emperor Claudius. In general, the striking of restitution coinage was meant to legitimize the new regime in the eyes of the populace through an expression of pietas to the “good” emperors who deserved to be remembered, as was the case of the Flavians, who included bronze coins of Galba, while omitting Caligula, Nero, Otho, and Vitellius (see BMC II, p. lxxviii). In the case of Trajan’s restitution issues, however, legitimacy appears not to be the sole reason, since he had been appointed to succeed Nerva prior to the latter’s death and was thus Nerva’s legitimate successor. It does not explain the inclusion of Republican issues, nor does it explain the inclusion of the Divus Julius hybrid. Relative to dating Trajan’s restored coins, the traditional dating of AD 107 is based on Eckhel’s theory linking the restitution coinage with the general recoinage that Dio places after Trajan’s return from the Second Dacian War. Bernhard Woytek disagrees, and places their issue in AD 112/113, surmising that the appearance of Divus Nerva in this coinage must be contemporary to his appearance on an aureus securely dated to that period. Clay, however, pleads for the traditional dating of recoinage which, according to Dio, began circa AD 107. Curtis states that “If the restored coinage was connected with the recoinage, and the recoinage began circa AD 107, how likely is it that Trajan would have waited until AD 112-3 to issue the restored coins resulting from that recoinage?” Only with further study of the coinage itself might the purpose of Trajan’s restitution coinage be fully understood.

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1080. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Quinarius (14.5mm, 1.32 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck mid AD 107-111. IMP TRΛIΛNO ΛVG GER DΛC P M TR P, laureate bust right, slight drapery / COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC, Victory, draped, seated left, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left. RIC II 134 var. (bust type); Woytek 374bC; King 10; Strack 129α; RSC 72; BMCRE 345-6; BN 280. Deep cabinet tone, minor marks under tone. EF. ($750)

1081. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.31 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 108-110. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC, Ceres, draped, wearing wreath of grain ears, standing left, holding grain ears pointed downward in right hand and long vertical torch in left. RIC II 109 var. (bust type); Allen Series 42, Type IX (unlisted dies); Woytek 291f; Strack 146β; Calicó 996a (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 258-60; BN 413-5; Biaggi 469 var. (break in rev. legend); Mazzini 65 v.; Heritage 3071, lot 33274 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 2078734-001, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, edge marks. ($5000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 750.

1082. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.26 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 108-110. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC •, Libertas, draped, standing left, holding pileus in right hand and vindicta in left. RIC II 123 var. (bust type); Allen Series 42, Type VIII, 26 (dies 32/viii.18); Woytek 292f; Strack 150β; Calicó 1001a; BMCRE 312-4; BN 422-4; Adda 89; Biaggi 471; Jameson –; Mazzini 70 v. Underlying luster, a few minor marks. EF. Splendid portrait. ($7500) Ex Lanz 159 (8 December 2014), lot 407.

1083. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.17 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa spring AD 113-summer 114. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / S • P • Q • R • OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Bonus Eventus, naked, standing left, holding patera in right hand and two grain ears downward in left; lighted and garlanded altar to left. RIC II 278; Beckmann, Early, Group X (dies – [unlisted obv. die]/BEA2); Woytek 413f (same rev. die as illstration); Calicó 1093; cf. BMCRE 432; BN –; Biaggi 531. In NGC encapsulation 2077477-003, graded Ch XF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5. ($4000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Numismatik Naumann 56 (6 August 2017), lot 569; Aurea 79 (20 May 2017), lot 1392.

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1084. Diva Marciana. Died AD 112/4. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.34 g, 6h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. Struck under Trajan, AD 114. DIVA AVGVSTA MARCIANA, draped bust right, hair coiled in back and piled up behind stephane / CONSECRATIO, eagle standing facing, head right, on bar (or scepter), with wings displayed. RIC II 743 (Trajan); Woytek 719; Strack 198; RSC 4; BMCRE 651 (Trajan); BN 757-8 (Trajan). Lustrous surfaces, with a few minor areas of light porosity. EF. Portrait of wonderful style. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 100 (29 May 2017), lot 476. Trajan’s sister Marciana and her daughter Matidia moved into the Imperial palace upon his ascension and formed part of a distaff cabal of women relations, led by his wife Plotina, who are widely thought to have influenced the domestic policies of his government. Upon her death on 29 August AD 112, Marciana was formally deified and honored with this attractive denarius issue, depicting an eagle bearing a scepter to the heavens.

1085. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.15 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 118. IMP • CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS • AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, wearing balteus / P M T R P COS II, FEL AVG across field, Felicitas, draped, standing left, holding caduceus in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC II.3 132; Strack 34η; Calicó 1253; BMCRE 64; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –; cf. Münzzentrum Rheinland 183, lot 468 (same rev. die). Scrape on obverse, field and edge marks. Good VF. Rare. ($3000)

1086. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.24 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 125-126/7. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate bust right, slight drapery / COS • III in exergue, Hadrian, with cloak floating behind him, on horse prancing right, holding spear in rest in right hand. RIC II.3 776 (same dies as illustration); Strack 148α; Calicó 1228 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 435 (same dies); Adda 128 (same dies); Biaggi 594 (same dies); Mazzini 414 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 2077396-004, graded AU★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. ($10,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Chaponnière & Firmenich SA 8 (5 July 2017), lot 50.

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1087. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (33.5mm, 25.17 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 128-circa 129. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery / HILAR I TAS • P • R, S C across field; COS III in exergue, Hilaritas, draped, standing left, holding palm frond set on ground in right hand and cornucopia in left; on left, a small boy, standing right, lays hands on palm frond; on right, a small girl, standing left. RIC II.3 988; Strack 629α; Banti 442; BMCRE 1372. Red-brown and green patina, tiny pit on obverse. Good VF. Bold reverse. ($1500) From the JFL Collection. Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.23093 (Classical Numismatic Group 96, 14 May 2014), lot 800.

1088. Sabina. Augusta, AD 128-136/7. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.07 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Hadrian, circa AD 133135. SABINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, wearing single stephane with unbraided hair piled up / VES TA, Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on throne, holding palladium on extended right hand and scepter in left. RIC II.3 2553 (same dies as illustration); Strack 382; Calicó 1437 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 953 (same dies); Adda 168 (same dies); Biaggi 682 (same dies); Jameson 108 (same obv. die); Mazzini 79 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 2034468-008, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5, Fine Style. ($7500) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3071 (6 January 2019), lot 34092; Gorny & Mosch 207 (15 October 2012), lot 632.

1089. Sabina. Augusta, AD 128-136/7. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.46 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck under Hadrian, circa AD 133-135. SABINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair falling in plait down neck / IVNO NI RE GINAE, Juno standing left, holding patera in right hand and scepter in left. RIC II.3 2550; Strack 379; RSC 43; BMCRE 940-2 (Hadrian). Lustrous, a touch of die wear on obverse. EF. Splendid portrait. ($750) Hadrian and Sabina’s 36-year marriage remained childless and the union appears to have been coldly cordial at best, although the royal couple kept up appearances and there was never talk of divorce or formal separation. Her coins adopted a simplified form of obverse legend, SABINA AVGVSTA, in about AD 133, as seen on this example. The figure of Juno Regina, queen of the gods, on the reverse likely alludes to Sabina’s position as First Woman of Rome.

End of Session 3

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Session 4 – Wednesday, January 20, 2021 — 2 PM Ex Biaggi and Mazzini Collections – Calicó Plate Coin

1090. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 6.98 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 138. IMP T AEL CAES HADRI ANTONINVS, laureate bust right, slight drapery / AVG PIVS • P M TR P COS DES II, Pietas, draped, standing right, holding acerrum (incense box) in left hand, extending right hand over lighted and garlanded altar to right. RIC III 13 var. (bust type); Calicó 1471 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 27 note; Biaggi 698 (this coin); Mazzini 71 (this coin). Lustrous, traces of deposits, light smoothing in obverse fields. EF. Splendid early portrait. ($3000) From the JFL Collection. Ex RLS Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 70, 21 September 2005), lot 1026; Numismatic Fine Arts XVIII (Part II, 31 March 1987), lot 481; Leo Biaggi de Blasys Collection, 698; Giuseppe Mazzini Collection, 71.

Ex Santa Barbara Museum of Art Collection

1091. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.54 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-161. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, bareheaded and cuirassed bust right / TR PO T COS IIII, Roma, helmeted and draped, seated left on throne, holding palladium in right hand and vertical spear in left; round shield at right side. RIC III 147 corr. (palladium not Victory); Strack 143κo; Calicó 1654a (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 556 (same obv. die); Adda 215 (same obv. die); Biaggi 766 (same obv. die); Mazzini 936 var. (bust type). In NGC encapsulation 4280857-001, graded Ch AU★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5, Fine Style. ($5000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3064 (20 April 2018), lot 30301; Santa Barbara Museum of Art Collection (Numismatic Fine Arts [I], 20 March 1975), lot 341.

1092. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.29 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 151-152. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTO NINVS AVG PIVS P P, bare head right / TR PO T XV COS IIII, Antoninus Pius, togate, standing left, holding globe in extended right hand and volumen in left at side. RIC III 213; Strack 235α; Calicó 1663a (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 743 var. (break in obv. legend, same rev. die); Adda 216 (same obv. die); Biaggi 768; Jameson 116; Mazzini 964. Toned, underlying luster. EF. Portrait of artistic merit. ($5000) Ex Vinchon (20 November 1992), lot 114.

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1093. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.24 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 153-154. ΛNTONINVS ΛVG PI VS P P TR P XVII, laureate head right / COS IIII, Antoninus Pius, togate, standing left, holding globe in extended right hand and volumen in left at side. RIC III 233b; Strack 270δ; Calicó 1527 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 813; Adda 183; Biaggi 718 (same obv. die); Mazzini 312 (same obv. die). In NGC encapsulation 4884601-002, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($5000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Heritage 3075 (15 August 2019), lot 32051; Classical Numismatic Review XXVI.1 (Summer 2001), no. 103.

1094. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.24 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 155-156. ΛNTONINVS ΛVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right / TR POT XIX • COS IIII, Antoninus Pius, draped, standing left, holding globe in extended right hand and volumen in left at side. RIC III 256a; Strack 300δ; Calicó 1673; BMCRE 864; Adda 220 (same dies); Biaggi 772; Mazzini 995. In NGC encapsulation 4680609-002, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($5000) Ex Heritage 3054 (7 April 2017), lot 30237; Heritage 3051 (8 January 2017), lot 34067; Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 553.

1095. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 24.56 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 159-160. ΛNTONINVS ΛVG PIVS P P TR P XXIII, laureate head right / PIETΛTI ΛVG COS IIII, Pietas, draped, standing left, holding globe in extended right hand and child in left arm; to left and right, small girl standing left, each raising right arm. RIC III 1031; Strack 1192δ; Banti 287; BMCRE 2088. Natural apple green patina, traces of deposits. Near EF. ($750)

1096. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.00 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / AVGV STA, Ceres, veiled and draped, standing left, holding torch in right hand and scepter in left. RIC III 356a (Pius); Beckmann dies df87/ CA15; Strack 469α (Pius); Calicó 1763a; BMCRE 395 and 397 (Pius); Adda 243; cf. Biaggi 812; Mazzini 95. Lightly toned, lustrous, edge split. Superb EF. ($7500) 227


Beckman Plate Coin

1097. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.24 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / AV G V STA, Ceres, veiled and draped, standing left, holding up lighted torches in both hands. RIC III 357a (Pius); Beckman dies df27/CB22, a (this coin illustrating dies in plates); Calicó 1758; BMCRE 403-5 (Pius); Biaggi 807-8; Mazzini 75**. Toned, underlying luster, a few light marks. EF. ($4000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 31 (26 October 2005), lot 53.

Ex Victor A. Adda Collection

1098. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.11 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / AVGV STA, Ceres, veiled and draped, standing left, holding torch in each hand. RIC III 357a (Pius); Beckmann dies df68/CB33, b (this coin referenced); Strack 471α (Pius); Calicó 1758; BMCRE 403-5; Adda 241 (this coin); Biaggi 807-8; Mazzini 75. Lightly toned, lustrous. EF. ($5000) Ex Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 492 (September 1986), no. 30; Property of a Lady (Christie’s, 8 October 1985), lot 90; Victor A. Adda Collection.

1099. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (21mm, 7.29 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVA FAV STINA, draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / AVGV STA, Ceres, veiled and draped, standing left, holding torch in each hand. RIC III 357a (Pius); Beckmann dies df30/; Strack 471α (Pius); Calicó 1758; BMCRE 405 (Pius); Adda 241; Biaggi 807-8 var. (break in obv. legend); Mazzini 75 var. (same). In NGC encapsulation 2077396-005, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($5000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Patrick Tan Collection (Goldberg 97, 6 June 2017), lot 2249; Roma XI (7 April 2016), lot 818; Roma VIII (28 September 2014), lot 1021.

Ex Magnaguti Collection – Pedigreed to 1951

1100. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.35 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVA FAV STINA, veiled and draped bust left, wearing stephane and hair bound in pearls on top of her head / AVG VSTA, Ceres, veiled and draped, standing left, holding torch in each hand. RIC III 357b (Pius) corr. (laureate in error); Beckmann dies df44/CB8, a (this coin referenced); Strack 4711/b (Pius); Calicó 1760 var. (break in rev. legend); BMCRE 406 var. (same); cf. Adda 242; cf. Biaggi 809; Mazzini 76. Underlying luster. Near EF. ($5000) Ex Conte Alessandro Magnaguti Collection (Part IV, Santamaria, 23 October 1951), lot 36.

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1101. Marcus Aurelius. As Caesar, AD 139-161. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 6.84 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, AD 147. AVRELIVS CAE SAR AVG P II F, bareheaded and draped bust right / TR POT COS II, Minerva, helmeted and draped, standing right, holding vertical spear in right hand and resting left hand on round shield set on ground to right. RIC III 435a (Pius); Calicó 1923 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 613 (Pius); Biaggi 870 (same obv. die); Mazzini –; Heritage 3032, lot 23604 (same dies). Lustrous. Near EF. ($5000)

1102. Marcus Aurelius. As Caesar, AD 139-161. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.22 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, AD 147-148. ΛVRELIVS • CAESAR AVG P II F, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / TR POT • II C OS • II, Fides, draped, standing right, holding two grain ears downward in right hand and basket of fruit on raised left hand. RIC III 440b (Pius); Calicó 1926a (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 641 (Pius); cf. Adda 283; cf. Biaggi 873; Jameson 127 var. (bust type); Mazzini 610 var. (same). Some marks. Good VF. ($4000)

1103. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 28.80 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161. IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG P M, bareheaded and cuirassed bust right / CONCORD AVGVSTOR TR P XV, S C across field, COS III in exergue, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, both togate, standing facing each other, clasping right hands and each holding volumen in left. RIC III 796; MIR 18, 16-6/15; Banti 24; BMCRE 848 var. (bust type). Attractive green patina, minor doubling on reverse. EF. ($2000) Ex CNG Inventory 495755 (November 2018); Goldberg 106 (4 September 2018), lot 1551 (since professionally conserved). The scale armor worn by Marcus Aurelius in this remarkable sestertius is notable. Normally viewed as a peaceful philosopher-ruler, Marcus was forced to spend the majority of his reign leading armies at the frontiers of the Empire, which were under nearly continuous assault from a coalition of barbarian tribes. The epoch witnessed many changes in Roman armor, equipment and tactics to deal with the incursions, including the adoption of more utilitarian forms of protection than the ceremonial types worn by rulers on previous coins.

1104. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 25.70 g, 11h). Rome mint. Struck AD 164. M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, laureate head right / TR P XVIII IMP II COS III, S C across field, Mars, helmeted, in military dress, standing right, holding reversed, vertical spear in right hand and resting left hand on shield set on ground to right. RIC III 861; MIR 18, 87-6/30; Banti 449; BMCRE 1088. Attractive green and brown patina, small spot of smoothing on reverse. EF. ($2000) 229


Exceptional Marcus Aurelius Aureus

1105. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.26 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 178. • M • AVREL • ANTO NINVS • AVG •, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / TR P XXXII • IMP VIIII COS III • P P, Annona, draped, standing left, holding two grain ears in lowered right hand over modius filled with grain ears to left, and holding cornucopia in left hand; prow of ship to right. RIC III 389; MIR 18, 419-2/37; Calicó 2020 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 771 (same obv. die); Adda 302 (same obv. die); Biaggi 905 (same obv. die); Mazzini 957 v. * (same obv. die). Fully lustrous. Superb EF. Exceptional. ($15,000)

1106. Divus Marcus Aurelius. Died AD 180. AV Aureus (21.5mm, 6.96 g, 5h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. Struck under Commodus, AD 180. DIVVS • M • ANT ONINVS PIVS, bare head right / CONSE CRATIO, funeral pyre in four tiers, crowned by quadriga facing front in which stands Sol, raising right hand: the lowest tier is garlanded, the second has a door between four statues in niches, two to left, two to right, the third tier has statues in niches, the fourth is draped and has a torch to left and to right. RIC III 275 (Commodus); MIR 18, 487-2/10 (Commodus); Calicó 1834 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 25 (Commodus); Adda –; Biaggi 913 (same obv. die); Jameson –; Mazzini –. In NGC encapsulation 4529299-002, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. Very rare. ($10,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 97 (12 December 2016), lot 152 (hammer CHF 14,400).

1107. Divus Marcus Aurelius. Died AD 180. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 27.33 g, 6h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. Struck under Commodus, AD 180. DIVVS M ANT ONINVS PIVS, bare head right / CONSECRATIO, S C in exergue, Divus Marcus Aurelius, draped, seated right on chair inside shrine set on car drawn right by four elephants, with mahouts on their backs. RIC III 661 (Commodus); MIR 18, 488-6/10; Banti 52; BMCRE 398. Green patina, fields smoothed, tooling. EF. ($2000) From the TAB Collection. Ex Nomos 18 (5 May 2019), lot 313.

230


A King Restored

1108. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.30 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 164. • L • VERVS ΛVG ΛRMENIΛCVS, bare head right / TR P IIII IMP II COS II, REX ΛRMEN/ DΛT in two lines in exergue, Lucius Verus, in military dress, seated left on curule chair set on raised daïs with attendant standing on either side; in front of daïs, the Romanappointed Armenian king, Sohaemus, standing left, raising right hand to head. RIC III 512 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 92-12/10; Calicó 2154 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 300 (Aurelius and Verus); Adda 340 (same dies); Biaggi 956 (same dies); Jameson 143 (same dies); Mazzini 158 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 5874086-001, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. ($20,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 114 (9 May 2019), lot 731. The reverse records the re-installation of Gaius Julius Sohaemus as king of Armenia. Sohaemus, a member of the royal household of the Syrian caravan city of Emesa, was originally crowned as king by Antoninus Pius in AD 144, an event also recorded on that emperor’s coins. In AD 161, the Parthians invaded Armenia and drove him into exile. An offensive led by Verus cleared out the Parthians and re-established the pro-Roman regime of Sohaemus, who is seen here receiving his crown. The exceptional artistry of the obverse portrait, together with the complex reverse composition, marks this as a special issue celebrating Verus’s feat of arms.

1109. Commodus. As Caesar, AD 166-177. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.17 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Commodus, AD 175-176. COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / PRI NC IVVENT, Commodus, in military dress, standing left, holding branch in extended right hand and vertical scepter in left; to right, trophy, round shield, spear, bow, and bow case(?). RIC III 615 (Aurelius) var. (bust type); MIR 18, 342-12/17; Calicó 2316 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 648 (Aurelius and Commodus); Biaggi 1008 (same dies); Jameson 146 (same dies); Mazzini 606 v. (same obv. die). In NGC encapsulation 5874086-002, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($15,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 33 (6 April 2006), lot 512.

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1110. Commodus. AD 177-192. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.31 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 178. L • AVREL • COM MODVS • AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / TR P III • IM P II • COS • P • P •, Castor standing left, holding horse by its bridle with right hand and spear in left. RIC III 648 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 420-12/37; Calicó 2337b (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 774-5 (Aurelius and Commodus); Adda 373 (same dies); Biaggi 1014 (same dies); Jameson 148; Mazzini 760 var. (bust type). In NGC encapsulation 4530009-003, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. ($20,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 770.

1111. Commodus. AD 177-192. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.22 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 188. M COMM • ANT • P FEL • AVG BRIT, laureate and draped bust right / P M • TR P XIII • IMP VIII COS V • P • P, SAL • AVG in exergue, Salus, draped, seated left, feeding out of patera in right hand serpent rising from altar to left, resting left hand at side. RIC III 178 corr. (XIII not XIIII); MIR 18, 749-2/33; Calicó 2322 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE p. 735, note *; Adda –; Biaggi 1029 (same dies); Jameson –; Mazzini –. In NGC encapsulation 4936000-003, graded Ch MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. Rare. ($30,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Palombo 17 (20 October 2018), lot 79 (hammer CHF 42,000).

232


Extremely Rare TR P XVIII Issue Of Great Historical Interest

1112. Commodus. AD 177-192. Bimetallic Medallion (44mm, 71.70 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck 10-31 December AD 192. L • AELIVS • AVRELIVS • COMMODVS AVG PIVS FELIX, head of Commodus as Hercules left, wearing lion skin headdress / HERCVLI ROMANO AVG P M TR P XVIII COS [VII] P P, nude Hercules, with features of Commodus, standing slightly left, seen from behind; in background, rocks covered with boar and lion skin; at feet to left of Hercules, bow and quiver leaning against rocks; club to right. Gnecchi II, p. 55, 33 and pl. 80, 5; Toynbee pl XLIII, 3 var. (obv. to right); MIR 18, 11651/73; Cohen 209; Banti 112 (this medallion). Dark brown patina, scratches before portrait on obverse, rough patch in upper right field of reverse. VF. Extremely rare and impressive. Of great historical interest. ($7500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 109 (12 September 2018), lot 676; Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 271, 11 January 2012), lot 84; Classical Numismatic Group 50 (23 June 1999), lot 346; V.J.E. Ryan Collection (Glendining’s, 2 April 1952), lot 2647. On the 10th of December AD 192, Commodus entered his 18th Tribunician year. Coins carrying this tribunician date are exceedingly rare. Medallions bearing this date are known with this or one of five other reverse types, all of which show Commodus as Hercules. All of the medallions are very rare; Toynbee recorded only thirty-nine total specimens of the six types. These medallions were evidently prepared ahead of time to be given out as gifts, either on the 10th of December or the 1st of January. Commodus, however, would not see the new year, as he was murdered on the evening of December 31st. As Toynbee notes (p.74-5), if the latter date is favored, it is quite possible that some of the recipients of these medallions received them along with the news that Commodus had been murdered!

Calicó Plate Coin

1113. Pertinax. AD 193. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.28 g, 12h). Rome mint. IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN • AVG, laureate head right / AEQVIT • AVG • TR P • COS • II, Aequitas, draped, standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC IV 1a; Lempereur 54a (D32/R45 – this coin); Woodward, Pertinax dies 9/– (unlisted rev. die); Calicó 2379a (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 14; Adda 380; Biaggi 1038; Mazzini 1 (same rev. die); Hess-Leu (2 April 1958), lot 349 (same dies). Underlying luster. Near EF. Rare. ($30,000) Ex Triton II (1 December 1998), lot 932; J. B. Parker Collection (Superior Stamp & Coin 142, 2 June 1998), lot 7111 (front cover coin); Monnaies de Collection (25 April 1984), lot 135; Monnaies de Collection (3 October 1982), lot 659; Bayerische Vereinsbank 1 (4 December 1978), lot 46.

233


Fate of a “Usurper’s” Wife

1114. Manlia Scantilla. Augusta, AD 193. AR Denarius (17mm, 2.76 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Didius Julianus. MANL • SCAN TILLA AVG, draped bust right / IVNO RE GINA, Juno, veiled and draped, wearing stephane, standing left, holding patera in right hand and vertical scepter in left; at feet to left, peacock standing left, head right. RIC IV 7a (Julianus); RSC 2; BMCRE 11 (Julianus). Lightly toned. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) Little is known for certain about Manlia Scantilla, wife of the brief-reigning Didius Julianus. Her name suggests a connection to the prestigious Manlia gens. After securing the throne via the infamous “auction of empire” by the Praetorian Guard in March of AD 193, Didius Julianus granted the title of Augusta to both his wife Scantilla and their daughter, Didia Clara, a renowned beauty. Scantilla, in contrast, is called “the most deformed of women” by numismatic historian Seth W. Stephenson, probably based upon her unflattering coin portraits. Scantilla had little time to enjoy her new status as Augusta, since her husband reigned only 66 days. On June 1 AD 193, he was murdered in the palace by his own Praetorians upon the approach of Septimius Severus, whom the Senate proclaimed Augustus in his stead. Julianus was declared a usurper, although he had been approved, however reluctantly, by the Senate. Scantilla and Clara fared marginally better: They were spared but stripped of their titles and inheritance. Severus gave them the body of Julianus for burial in the family crypt. Scantilla reportedly died in obscurity only a month later. The coinage of Manlia Scantilla in all metals is accordingly quite rare due to the brevity of the reign.

1115. Pescennius Niger. AD 193-194. AR Denarius (18mm, 2.79 g, 12h). Antioch mint. IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG, laureate head right / FORTVN ΛE REDVCI, Fortuna, draped, standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC IV 26d; RSC 28b; BMCRE p. 76, note ||. Toned, usual light porosity. Good VF. Well struck, with a bold potrait. ($1000)

Calicó Plate Coin – Ex Biaggi de Blasys Collection

1116. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.23 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 194. L SEPT SEV PE RT AVG IMP III, laureate head right / P • M • TR P I I COS II P P, Victory, winged and draped, advancing right, holding wreath in extended right hand and palm frond in left hand over left shoulder. RIC IV 36 corr. (rev. legend omits P P); Calicó 2492 (this coin illustrated); cf. BMCRE p. 32, note *; Biaggi 1086 (this coin); Mazzini 382 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 4936044001, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($10,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Triton XXII (8 January 2019), lot 1123; CNG Inventory 783892 (January 2007); Numismatica Ars Classica 27 (12 May 2004), lot 432; Numismatica Ars Classica 23 (19 March 2002), lot 1598; Leo Biaggi de Blasys Collection, 1086. This beautiful aureus of Septimius Severus was struck during the early part of his reign, while he was constantly at war against a number of rivals. As such, the representation of Victory is a common type in this period. By virtue of Severus’ titles on this coin, particularly his third acclamation as imperator, firmly date this issue to AD 194. While the Victory type is likely a generic representation in the hope of ultimate success over his opponents, it may also refer to the specific victory over the forces of Pescennius Niger at the battle of Nicaea in January of that year.

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1117. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.42 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 196-197. L • SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right / P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Victory, winged and draped, advancing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and trophy in left. RIC IV 86B corr. (Victory to left, not right); Calicó 2498 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 145 (same dies); Adda –; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. In NGC encapsulation 4282760-001, graded Ch MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Only one other example in CoinArchives. Very rare, and missing from most private collections. ($20,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 108 (16 May 2018), lot 652. This type with Victory holding wreath and trophy is much rarer than the similar issue with her holding a wreath and palm frond.

1118. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 7.20 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 210. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / VICTORIAE, AVGG in exergue, Victory, winged and draped, holding whip in right hand and reins in left, driving galloping biga right. RIC IV 299; Calicó 2559; BMCRE 369; Biaggi 1109. Matte surfaces indicative of being a water find, traces of deposits, a few small edge nicks. Good VF. ($5000)

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Rare CONCORDIA MILIT Aureus 1119. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 208. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / CON COR DIA, MILIT in exergue, Concordia, draped, standing left, extending right hand to grasp nearest signum on left, and holding scepter in left; to left and right, aquila between two signa, each topped with hand (manus). RIC IV 256; Calicó 2438; BMCRE 313; Biaggi 1065; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Toned, underlying luster. EF. Well struck on a full flan. Rare. ($20,000) Ex collection of a Retired Banker (Numismatica Ars Classica 111, 24 September 2018), lot 189; Gorny & Mosch 219 (10 March 2014), lot 437 (hammer €30,000).

The Fabled Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix 1120. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.20 g, 6h). Emesa mint. Struck AD 193. IMP CAE L • SEP • SE V PERT AVG, laureate head right / LEG • XIIII GEM • M • V •, TR P COS in exergue, aquila between two signa. RIC IV 358 (same dies as illustration); Calicó 2472; BMCRE 337 (Wars of the Succession; same dies); cf. Biaggi 1073 (Rome); Mazzini –. Toned with underlying luster. EF. Very rare. ($40,000) This very rare and important aureus is one of only four recorded gold types in the extensive ‘legionary’ series issued by Severus at the very outset of his reign. According to Dio Cassius (XLVI, 46, 7), he paid an accession donative of 250 denarii (ten aurei) per man and in all likelihood the legionary coinage was specially struck for this purpose. Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix received special honors from the new emperor as he had been the commander of this unit at the time of his elevation to imperial status. Originally formed by Octavian, this legion had participated in the invasion and conquest of Britain under Claudius and had gained its additional epithet of Martia Victrix for the vital role that it played in the defeat of the Icenian revolt led by Boudicca in 60 AD

Exceptional Julia Domna Aureus 1121. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. AV Aureus (21.5mm, 7.30 g, 11h). Rome mint. Struck under Septimius Severus and Caracalla, circa AD 198-200. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / HIL A RITAS, Hilaritas, draped, standing left, holding long, vertical palm frond in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC IV 556; Calicó 2615 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 30; Biaggi 1139 (same obv. die); Jameson 175; Mazzini 71 (same obv. die). Lustrous. Superb EF. Extraordinary portrait. ($20,000)

Artistic Portrait 1122. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.49 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 199. IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / PONTI FEX TR P II, Caracalla, laureate, in military dress, cloak hanging over left shoulder, standing left, holding Victory on globe in extended right hand and reversed, vertical spear in left; to left, captive, wearing peaked cap and long robe, seated left on ground, propping head on right hand; to far left, quiver of arrows. RIC IV 27b; Calicó 2773 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 152 (Septimius and Caracalla, same obv. die); Adda –; Biaggi 1203 (same obv. die); Jameson –; Mazzini –. In NGC encapsulation 4280669-002, graded Gem MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5, Fine Style. Rare. Portrait of artistic merit. ($40,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Palombo 16 (21 October 2017), lot 54 (hammer CHF 50,000); MDC Monaco 1 (2 December 2016), lot 107; Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 597.

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1119

1120

1121

1122

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Rare Dynastic Denarius

1123. Caracalla, with Septimius Severus. AD 198-217. AR Denarius (19mm, 2.18 g, 12h). Dynastic issue. Rome mint. Struck 199-201. ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right / AETERNIT • IMPERI, busts of Septimius Severus, laureate, draped, and cuirassed right, facing Caracalla, laureate, draped, and cuirassed left. RIC IV 32; RSC 2; BMCRE 158. Toned, granular surfaces. Good VF. Rare. ($750) From the TAB Collection. Ex Dr. Nicholas Lowe Collection.

1124. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Quinarius (15mm, 1.32 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 213-217. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / COS IIII P P, Victory, winged and draped, advancing left, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left. RIC IV 317a; King 25; RSC 45a; BMCRE 66. Toned, minor porosity, some find patina. Good VF. Rare. ($750)

Superb Caracalla Aureus

1125. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AV Aureus (22mm, 7.12 g, 12h). Laodicea mint. Struck AD 200-201. ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / P MAX T R P III, Roma, helmeted and draped, seated left on round shield, holding Victory on extended right hand and vertical scepter in left. RIC IV 342b; Calicó 2702; BMCRE 715 note (same rev. die); Biaggi 1187; Jameson –; Mazzini –; Leu 93, lot 64 (same rev. die). Lustrous, a few faint scratches, traces of deposits on obverse. Superb EF. Rare. Well struck on a broad flan. ($20,000)

238


The Sacred Stone of Emesa – Calicó Plate Coin

1126. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. AV Aureus (20mm, 6.68 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 220-221. IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / C ONSERVATOR AVG, slow quadriga left, bearing the sacred stone of Emesa on which is an eagle; star above. RIC IV 61 var. (arrangement of rev. legend); Thirion 243; Calicó 2988a (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 197 var. (same); cf. Adda 452; Biaggi 1283 var. (same); Mazzini 18 (same dies). In NGC encapsulation 4632491-001, graded Ch XF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5. Rare and historical type. ($20,000) From the Grand Haven Collection. Ex Phil Peck (“Morris”) Collection (Heritage 3071, 6 January 2019), lot 32177; Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 1130; Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 1682; Dürr & Michel (16 November 1998), lot 105. At the age of fourteen, Varius Avitus Bassianus (better known as Elagabalus or Heliogabalus) inherited the office of high priest of the sun god El-Gabal at Emesa in Syria. The deity was worshipped in the form of a sacred stone, and when Elagabalus was made emperor and journeyed from Emesa to Rome, he took the stone, probably a meteorite, with him. During his reign, the emperor was devoted to promoting the cult of El-Gabal, building a lavish temple on the Palatine Hill to house the stone. For a brief period, the exotic eastern deity nearly came to dominate the Roman Pantheon. While this issue could possibly commemorate the journey from Emesa to Rome, it more likely refers to the annual transfer of the stone from its principal temple in Rome to its “summer home,” a large and richly decorated temple in the suburbs. Describing the transfer, Herodian (V.6.7) writes: A six-horse chariot bore the sun god, the horses huge and flawlessly white, with expensive gold fittings and rich ornaments. No one held the reins, and no one rode in the chariot; the vehicle was escorted as if the sun god himself were the charioteer. Heliogabalus ran backward in front of the chariot, facing the god and holding the horses’ reins. He made the whole journey in this reverse fashion, looking up into the face of his god.

1127. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. AR Denarius (21mm, 3.03 g, 11h). Antioch mint. Struck AD 218-219. ΛNTONINVS PIVS FEL ΛVG, laureate head right / SΛNCT DEO SOLI, ELΛGΛBΛL in exergue, slow quadriga right, bearing the sacred stone of Emesa on which is an eagle, surrounded by four parasols. RIC IV 195 var. (bust type); Thirion 358a-60 var. (same); RSC 268-268a var. (same); BMCRE 284-6 var. (same). Lightly toned. Good VF. Rare. ($750) Ex Richard McAlee Collection; VAuctions 275 (Gitbud & Naumann, 5 January 2012), lot 440.

1128. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.23 g, 12h). Antioch mint. Struck AD 218-219. ΛNTONINVS PIVS FEL ΛVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust righl / SΛNCT DEO S OLI, ELΛGΛBΛL in exergue, slow quadriga right, bearing the sacred stone of Emesa on which is an eagle, surrounded by four parasols. RIC IV 195; Thirion 360; RSC 268; BMCRE 284-5. Toned. In NGC encapsulation 4935007-004, graded Ch XF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. Rare. ($1000) 239


1129. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 2.90 g, 6h). Uncertain eastern mint. Struck AD 218-219. ANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / FELICITAS, galley under sail with seven oarsmen right, hortator and gubernator at stern; TEMP in exergue. RIC IV 188; Thirion 348; RSC 27a; BMCRE 277. Lightly toned. Near EF. ($500) Ex Richard McAlee Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 170 (13 October 2008), lot 2560.

Among the Finest Known

1130. Orbiana. Augusta, AD 225-227. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.31 g, 6h). Rome mint. Special marriage emission of Severus Alexander, AD 225. SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane / CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopia. RIC IV 319 (Alexander); BMCRE 290 (Alexander); RSC 1. Lightly toned. Superb EF. Well struck on a broad round flan, imbuing a medallic quality. Portrait of fine style. Surely among the finest surviving examples. ($3000) Ex Nomos 14 (17 May 2017), lot 403; Lanz 62 (26 November 1992), lot 773. Sallustia Orbiana was the daughter of Lucius Seius Herennius Sallustius, an influential Roman senator. In AD 225, when she was about 16, she married the young emperor Severus Alexander, who was about the same age. Their marriage gave every appearance of being tranquil for two years; however, her position theoretically equaled that of the emperor’s mother, Julia Mamaea, the true power behind the throne. Mamaea could not countenance this. In AD 227, Sallustius was abruptly charged with trying to foment a rebellion with the Praeotrian guards, arrested and executed. The marriage of Alexander and Orbiana was annulled, and she was stripped of her titles and exiled to Libya. Her final fate is unknown. Such were the risks of challenging a jealous mother-in-law.

1131. Julia Mamaea. Augusta, AD 222-235. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 2.90 g, 6h). Rome mint. 9th emission of Severus Alexander, AD 228. IVLIA MA MAEA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane / FELICIT AS PVBLICA, Felicitas, draped, standing front, head left, legs crossed, holding caduceus in right hand and resting left elbow on colum, fold of drapery over left arm. RIC IV 335 (Alexander); BMCRE 483-5 (Alexander) var. (break in rev. legend); RSC 17. Cabinet iridescence. Superb EF. Wonderfully centered on a large flan. ($500) 240


1132. Diva Paulina. Died before AD 235. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.43 g, 12h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. 2nd emission of Maximinus I, AD 236. DIVA PAVLINA, veiled and draped bust right / CONSECRATIO, Diva Paulina, raising hand and holding scepter, seated left on peacock flying right. RIC IV 2 (Maximinus I); BMCRE 127-8 (Maximinus I); RSC 2. Boldly struck on a flan of good metal. EF. ($1000) As with many other empresses of the later Roman Empire, virtually nothing is known about Caecilia Paulina, wife of the imposing soldieremperor Maximinus I Thrax (”the Thracian”). Her name recalls the aristocratic Caecilia gens, but at this late date, she could have been descended from freed servants of that family. Maximinus rose through the ranks of the army to the pinnacle of power; she must have married him at least 15-20 years before this as their son, Maximus, was a young man in his mid-teens in AD 235, when he was named Caesar. Maximinus is said to have worn his wife’s bracelet as a ring on his thumb, an anecdote intended to emphasize his enormous size. But it also points to a sincere affection for his wife, as does a later passage by the fourth century historian Ammianus that suggests Paulina, by “feminine gentleness,” on occasion led Maximinus “ back to the paths of truth and mercy.” Paulina died either before her husband’s accession or shortly thereafter, as all her coins are posthumous and name her as Diva, or goddess.

1133. Diva Paulina. Died before AD 235. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.52 g, 12h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. 2nd emission of Maximinus I, AD 236. DIVA PAVLINA, veiled and draped bust right / CONSECRATIO, peacock standing facing, head left, tail spread. RIC IV 1 (Maximinus I); BMCRE 135 (Maximinus I); RSC 1. Perfectly centered, with light tone over lustrous surfaces. EF. A stunning coin in hand. ($1000) Ex Phil Peck (Morris) Collection.

1134. Pupienus. AD 238. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 2.89 g, 12h). Rome mint. 1st emission. IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / PAX PVBLICA, Pax, draped, seated left on throne, holding up olive branch in right and and transverse scepter in left, fold of drapery over left arm. RIC IV 4; BMCRE 46-7; RSC 22. A few minor die flaws on reverse. EF. Well centered. ($1000) From the JFL Collection. Ex Nomos FPL (Winter-Spring 2015), no. 106 (at $2000).

241


Ephemeral Empress

1135. Tranquillina. Augusta, AD 241-244. AR Antoninianus (23mm, 4.04 g, 7h). Rome mint. Special emission for marriage of Gordian III and Tranquillina, AD 241. SABINIA TRANQVILLINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, set on crescent / CONCORDIA AVGG, Gordian III standing right, holding a roll in his left hand, clasping right hands with Tranquillina standing left. RIC IV 250 (Gordian III); RSC 4; Jameson 232. Near EF. Attractive cameo toning. ($7500) Ex Gorny & Mosch 117 (14 October 2002), lot 657. Furia Sabinia Tranquillina was the daughter of the formidably named Gaius Furius Sabinius Aquila Timesitheus, a highly respected career soldier of equestrian rank who rose to become Praetorian Prefect under the boy emperor Gordian III. In AD 241, Tranquillina married Gordian, making Timesitheus his father-in-law and guardian, and hopefully setting the stage for a successful dynasty. The next few years appeared to be relatively tranquil, but in early AD 243 Gordian and Timesitheus were forced into arms by an aggressive Persian attack on the eastern frontier. Under the Prefect’s guidance, the Romans won a major victory in early AD 244, but at this point Timesitheus fell suddenly ill and died, leaving the young, inexperienced Gordian without his mentor and guardian. In short order he was dead, either slain in battle or the victim of a coup led by his successor, Philip I. It is not known whether Tranquillina was present in camp or back in Rome, but we hear no more of her.

1136. Philip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (20mm, 4.22 g, 11h). Antioch mint. 2nd series, 1st issue, AD 246-249. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / ADVENTVS AVGG, Philip on horseback left, raising right hand and holding long scepter in left. Bland Study 12; RIC IV 81 var. (bust type); RSC 4 var. (same). Light golden toning. EF. Rare. Well struck and centered. ($500) Ex Richard McAlee Collection; ArtCoins Roma 3 (31 May 2011), lot 454 (there as Rome mint).

Jotapian the Usurper

1137. Jotapian. Usurper, circa AD 248-249. Antoninianus (20.5mm, 3.64 g, 12h). Nicopolis in Seleucia mint. IM C M F RV IOTΛPIΛNVS, radiate and cuirassed bust right / VIC TO RIA AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left. RIC IV 2c; Bland 6a/11a (Obv. die III/Rev. die viii – [unlisted die combination]); RSC 2 (same obv. die as illustration); PCR 803 (same obv. die as illustration). Lightly toned, usual rough surfaces. VF. Very rare. ($7500) Jotapian led a short-lived revolt in Syria in the autumn of AD 249 while Philip I was still emperor. Little is known of Jotapian’s background. It was said that he boasted of a relationship to Severus Alexander, and his unusual name, although otherwise unknown for a man, is attested in its feminine form “Jotape” in the royal houses of Commagene and Emesa. The extreme rarity of his coins indicates that the revolt was brief, and the crude style proves that the revolt was geographically confined, for Jotapian plainly did not control a major Roman mint. His head was brought to Rome and shown to Trajan Decius “as was customary, although Decius had not asked for it” (Aur. Vict., Caes. 29.4). In his corpus of Jotapian’s coins, Bland cites 18 antoniniani in total.

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Extremely Rare Cornelia Supera – Pedigreed to 1933

1138. Cornelia Supera. Augusta, AD 253. AR Antoninianus (20.5mm, 3.66 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Aemilian. C CORNEL S VPERA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, set on crescent / VESTA, Vesta standing left, holding patera in extended right hand and transverse scepter in left. RIC IV 30 (Aemilian); RSC 5; Hunter 1. Toned. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($10,000) Ex Künker 270 (2 October 2015), lot 8922; Numismatica Ars Classica 46 (2 April 2008), lot 656; Numismatica Ars Classica 15 (18 May 1999), lot 442; Hess (18 December 1933), lot 911. Gaia Cornelia Supera was the wife of Aemilian. Like the wife of Gallienus, Julia Cornelia Salonina, Supera was descended from the illustrious gens Cornelia. Nothing else is known about her, apart from what can be gleaned from the coins struck in her name.

1139. Valerian II. Caesar, AD 256-258. AR Antoninianus (23mm, 3.21 g, 6h). Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint. 1st emission of Valerian I, AD 257-258. VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right / IOVI CRESCENTI, young Jupiter seated facing, head left, raising right hand, riding goat right. RIC V 3; MIR 36, 907e; RSC 26. Toned. Choice EF. Exceptional for type. ($500) Ex Ray Johnson Collection, purchased from Irv Carroll in 1965, with his ticket.

Regalianus the Usurper

1140. Regalianus. Usurper, AD 260. AR Antoninianus (19.5mm, 2.16 g, 3h). Carnuntum mint. IMP C P C REGΛLIΛNVS ΛVG, radiate and draped bust right / ORIENS ΛVGG, Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding whip in left. RIC V 7; MIR 43, 1713f (same dies as illustration); RSC 4a. Toned. VF for type. Reverse overstruck on a Denarius with Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond. Very rare and with the complete name of the usurper. ($7500) Ex Roma XVII (28 March 2019), lot 787. Following the capture of Valerian I by the Persians, a number of usurpations occurred throughout the empire. In Illyricum, one of Valerian’s generals, Cornelius Publius Caius Regalianus, seized power, but was killed by his own troops after a very short reign. All of Regalianus’ coinage has been attributed to a mint in Carnuntum (on the Danube between modern Hainburg in Austria and Bratislava in Slovakia). It was obviously struck in great haste as evidenced by the relatively crude style and the fact that his known coins are all overstruck on other coins.

243


Published Tetricus Aureus

1141. Tetricus I. Romano-Gallic Emperor, AD 271-274. AV Aureus (19mm, 4.45 g, 6h). “Victoria Germanica” issue. Mint City II (Cologne). 1st emission, December AD 271. IMP C G P ESV TETRICVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust left / VICTORIA • GER M, Tetricus standing left, holding globe in right hand and scepter in left, being crowned by Victory, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left; to left at feet of Tetricus, bound captive seated left, head right. RIC V 38 var. (bust type); Schulte 2 (dies 3/- [unlisted rev.die]); Sondermann 1.2 = D. Hollard, “Un aureus inédit de Tétricus Ier découvert en Afghanistan,” BSFN 58.10 (December 2003), pp. 225-9 = L. Dussubieux and B. Gratuze, “Nature et origine des objets en verre retrouvés à Begram et à Bara,” De l’Indus à l’Oxus: Archéologie de l’Asie centrale (2003), 285 (this coin); Calicó –; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Pleasant river patina. EF. Rare. ($30,000) Ex collection of a Retired Banker (Numismatica Ars Classica 117, 1 October 2019), lot 336 (hammer CHF 50,000); Numismatica Ars Classica 111 (24 September 2018), lot 204; Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1122.

1142. Probus. AD 276-282. AV “Heavy” Aureus (22mm, 6.53 g, 12h). Cyzicus or Antioch mint. Struck circa AD 281. IMP C M AVR P ROBVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / CONS ERVAT AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding globe in left. RIC V 307, 891, and 915 (Ticinum, Cyzicus, and Antioch); Pink VI/1, p. 40 (Antioch); Calicó 4149; Biaggi 1614; Mazzini 175. Lustrous, a few minor marks. Near EF. Rare. ($7500)

1143. Numerian. AD 283-284. AV Aureus (20mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Siscia mint. 6th emission, July AD 284. IMP C NUMERIANVS P F AVG, laureate and draped bust right / VICT ORIA AVGG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left. RIC V 458; Pink VI/2, p. 47; Calicó 4323; Biaggi 1663; Mazzini 96 var. (bust type). Lustrous surfaces, scratches. Near EF. Rare. ($10,000) Ex Rauch 85 (26 November 2009), lot 897; Rauch 76 (17 October 2005), lot 629.

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1144 1145 1144. Diocletian. AD 284-305. AR Argenteus (18mm, 3.19 g, 6h). Siscia mint. Struck circa AD 294-295. DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with eight turrets. RIC VI 43a; Jeločnik 3a; RSC 516†m. In NGC encapsulation 4374041-012, graded Ch MS★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

1145. Diocletian. AD 284-305. AR Argenteus (20mm, 3.56 g, 6h). Serdica mint, 3rd officina. Struck circa AD 304May AD 305. DIOCLET IANVS AVG, laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate without doors; •SM•SDΓ•. RIC VI 1a (unlisted officina); Gautier 7; RSC 520b. In NGC encapsulation 4374041-011, graded Ch MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

1146. Diocletian. AD 284-305. AR Argenteus (19mm, 3.35 g, 11h). Antioch mint. 5th emission, circa AD 297. DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate without doors; ANT•H. RIC VI 39a; Gautier, Trouvaille 213-6; RSC 520h. Faint scratch and tiny contact mark on obverse. Superb EF. ($1000) From the JFL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 94 (18 September 2013), lot 1201.

The Second Labor of Hercules – The Lernaean Hydra

1147. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 5.04 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 294. MAXIMIA NVS P F AVG, laureate head right / HERCVLI DEBELLAT, Hercules and the Lernaean Hydra – Hercules, naked, standing right, holding a club overhead with his right hand, grasping one of the heads of the Lernaean Hydra with his left hand, and the Hydra has its main body wrapped around Hercules’ left leg; PROM. RIC VI –; Depeyrot 9/7; Calicó 4662 (same rev. die as illustration); Beaurains 168; Adda –; Biaggi 1786 (same rev. die); Jameson –; Mazzini –. Attractively toned, underlying luster. Choice EF. Very rare. ($20,000) Ex Berk CICF Auction (23 March 1995), lot 248. For his Second Labor, Hercules had to kill the Lernaean Hydra, the offspring of Typhon and Echidna, and the sibling of the Nemean Lion, the Chimaera, and Kerberos. Inhabiting the swamp near Lake Lerna in the Argolid, the creature possessed numerous mortal and one immortal head on its single body; should one head be removed, two more would grow in its place. When Hercules reached the swamp where the Hydra dwelt, he drew it out of its lair near the spring of Amymone. Thereupon, wielding a harvesting sickle, he attempted to decapitate the creature. When this proved unsuccessful, because of the Hydra’s regenerative ability, Hercules enlisted the assistance of his nephew Iolaos, who devised a plan: once Hercules had cut off one of the creature’s heads, Iolaos would cauterize the stump with a burning firebrand. The plan succeeded, and the Hydra was destroyed. Hercules placed its one immortal head under a large rock on the sacred way between Lerna and Elaius and dipped his arrows in its poisonous blood.

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1148. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. AR Argenteus (17mm, 3.18 g, 12h). Rome mint, 5th officina. Struck circa AD 295-297. MAXIMIA NVS AVG, Laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city gate with six turrets; Є. RIC VI 40b; Jelocnik 62a; RSC 622g. In NGC encapsulation 2412198-021, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

Artistic Constantius I Gilt Medallion

1149. Constantius I. As Caesar, AD 293-305. Æ Gilt Medallion (34mm, 24.41 g, 12h). CONSTANTI VS NOB CAES, laureate half-length “heroic bust” left, holding shield on left arm and spear pointing forward in right, seen from behind / MONETA AV GG, the three Monetae standing facing, heads left, each holding cornucopia in their left hand, scale in their right above a stack of coins at their feet. Unrecorded and apparently unique. VF. Gilding largely intact. Wonderful style. ($7500) From the Toliver Besson Collection. Ex Heritage 3056 (3 August 2017), lot 30122. The fantastic heroic-style bust on this medallion harkens back to the kings of the Hellenistic age and is a refreshing departure from the highly schematic portraits found on the contemporary coinage. The reverse depicts the Tres Monetae, female personifications of the three metals of gold, silver, and bronze.

1150. Constantius I. AD 305-306. AR Argenteus (19.5mm, 3.52 g, 12h). Serdica mint, 4th officina. 2nd emission, AD 305-306. CONSTAN TIVS AVG, laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate; •SM•SMΔ•. RIC VI 11a var. (officina); Gautier 25; RSC 304A corr. (rev. legend). In NGC encapsulation 4374041-013, graded Ch MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1000) From the Grand Haven Collection.

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Ex Pierre Bastien Collection and the 1922 Arras Hoard

1151. Galerius. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AV Aureus (17mm, 5.24 g, 6h). Treveri (Trier) mint. Struck 20 November AD 303. MAXIMI ANVS NOB C, laureate head right / IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG ET CAESS NN, Jupiter, naked to waist, seated left on throne, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left; TR. RIC VI 53; Depeyrot 10B/3; Calicó 4914 (same dies as illustration); Beaurains 329 (this coin); Adda 560; Biaggi 1859 (same dies); Jameson –; Mazzini 121 (same dies). Wonderful reddish tone. Good VF. Rare. ($7500) Ex Pierre Bastien Collection (Part II, Numismatica Ars Classica 114, 6 May 2019), lot 855; Ciani & Vinchon (6 May 1955), lot 439; 1922 Arras – Beaurains Hoard. The Beaurains Treasure or Arras Treasure is the name of an important Roman coin hoard found in Beaurains, a suburb of the city of Arras, northern France on 21 September 1922. Soon after its discovery by workmen in a clay pit much of the treasure was dispersed. Agnes Baldwin Brett, the first female curator of the American Numismatic Society (1910-1913), wrote for The Numismatic Chronicle, Volume XIII (1933), an article about this hoard titled “The Aurei and Solidi of the Arras Hoard”, in which she writes that “its final reconstruction will be for ever impossible in an exact sense. The general composition of the hoard is, however, well known.” The largest portion of the hoard can be found in the local museum in Arras and in the British Museum.

1152. Galerius. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (18mm, 3.10 g, 6h). Rome mint, 3rd officina. Struck circa AD 295-297. MAXIMIA NVS CAES, laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with six turrets; Γ. RIC VI 42b; Jeločnik 83 and 88; RSC 219b. Handsome iridescent tone. In NGC encapsulation 4374041-010, graded Ch MS★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

1153. Constantine I. AD 307/310-337. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.46 g, 5h). Tricennalia issue. Antioch mint. Struck AD 335-336. CONSTANTI NVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA CO NSTANTINI AVG, Victory advancing left, holding trophy with right hand and cradling palm frond with left arm; to right, VOT/ XXX in two lines; SMAN. RIC VII 96; Alföldi 572; Depeyrot 46/1; Biaggi 2013; G. Giacosa, Ritrati di Auguste (Milan, 1974), pl. 61 (this coin). Lustrous, a few very faint scratches. Superb EF. ($15,000) Ex collection of a Gentleman (Nomos I, 6 May 2009), lot 166; Guy Lacam Collection (Dürr/Michel, 8 November 1999), lot 7; Leu 13 (29 April 1975), lot 496 .

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Anepigraphic “Eyes to God” Siliqua

1154. Constantine II. AD 337-340. AR Siliqua (20mm, 2.67 g, 12h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Rosette-diademed head right, eyes to God / CONSTAN TI NVS AVGVSTVS, Victory, winged and draped, advancing left, holding wreath in outstretched right hand and palm frond in left; C•Є. RIC VIII 15; RSC 70a. A hint of porosity, some light scratches, tiny field mark on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the Weise Collection. Ex CNG inventory 182286 (January 2003).

1156 1155 1155. Constantius II. AD 337-361. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Antioch mint, 9th officina. Struck AD 347-355. FL IVL CONSTAN TIVS PERP AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / GLORIA REI PVBLICAE, Roma seated facing and Constantinopolis seated half-left with right foot on prow, each holding scepter in left hand, with their right hands supporting shield inscribed VOT/ XX/ MVLT/ XXX in four lines; SMANΘ. RIC VIII 83; Depeyrot 6/3; Biaggi 2137. Toned, a few light scratches, thin die break on reverse. EF. Wonderful style. Sharply struck on a full flan. ($2500) From the JFL Collection. Ex Triton XIII (5 January 2010), lot 394 (hammer $4200); Rauch 83 (14 November 2008), lot 481.

1156. Julian II. AD 360-363. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.31 g, 12h). Antioch mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 361-363. FL CL IVLIA NVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS EXERCI TVS ROMANORVM, soldier, helmeted, standing right, head left, holding trophy in left hand over left shoulder and placing right hand on head of crouching captive; ANTς. RIC VIII 201; Depeyrot 15/2; cf. Biaggi 2221; cf. Mazzini 79. Light cleaning marks, shallow graffiti on reverse, a few edge scrapes. Good VF. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (23 May 2016), lot 750; Sternberg XXXIII (18 September 1997), lot 375.

Ex Biaggi de Blasys Collection

1157. Valens. AD 364-378. AV Solidus (21.5mm, 4.41 g, 12h). Consular issue. Nicomedia mint. Struck January AD 368. D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, bust left, wearing consular robes, holding mappa in raised right hand and scepter in left / VOTA PV BLICA, Valentinian I and Valens enthroned facing, each nimbate and in consular robes, and holding mappa and scepter; in exergue, two bound captives vis-à-vis; S/(MN)/M. RIC IX 16b.6; Depeyrot 22/2; Biaggi 2268 (this coin); Mazzini 86 var. (officina). Underlying luster, a few light marks, obverse die breaks. EF. ($2000) Ex Numismatica Genevensis SA VIII (24 November 2014), lot 170; Leo Biaggi de Blasys Collection, 2268; Münzen und Medaillen AG XI (23 January 1953), lot 187.

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1158. Flavius Victor. AD 387-388. AR Siliqua (18mm, 1.87 g, 12h). Mediolanum (Milan) mint. DN FL VIC TOR PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS RO MANORVM, Roma seated facing, head left, on throne, holding globe in right hand and reversed spear in left; MDPS. RIC IX 19b; Toffanin 473; RSC 6Ac. Iridescent tone, flan crack. Good VF. ($1000)

1159. Aelia Eudocia. Augusta, AD 423-460. AV Tremissis (14mm, 1.50 g, 12h). Constantinople mint. Struck under Theodosius II, circa AD 430-440. AEL EVDO CIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right / Cross within wreath (ties 13) with central medallion; CONOB*. RIC X 335; Depeyrot 72/2. Light scratch in field on obverse. EF. Well struck, and with a detailed bust. ($2000) Aelia Eudocia started life as Athenais, born in Antioch to a prominent Pagan professor of rhetoric. Raised on the classics, she blossomed into a beautiful young woman who was an accomplished poet and orator. When her father died and her brothers cut her out of any inheritance, she traveled to Constantinople in AD 420 to seek redress from the emperor Theodosius II. But the scholarly young emperor was in the market for a wife and he was immediately smitten with Athenais. His sister, the devout Pulcheria, insisted that she convert to Christianity before any marriage, terms she readily accepted, taking the name Eudocia. The new Empress quickly became an advocate for universal education and tolerance, particularly toward Jews and other persecuted sects. She also sought to blend Classical Hellenism and Christianity. This placed her at odds with Pulcheria, who began to denigrate the sincerity of her conversion. To prove her devotion, Eudocia made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in AD 438, but soon after returning she was accused of adultery and banished from the court. Theodosius still loved her, however, and the terms were not severe. She was able to retire to Jerusalem where she continued her writing and charitable work until her death in AD 460.

Rare Consular Solidus

1160. Leo I. AD 457-474. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.37 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Struck AD 462 or 466. D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, bearded bust left, wearing consular robes, holding mappa in right hand and cruciform scepter in left / VICTORI A AVGGG, Leo I, nimbate, enthroned facing, wearing consular robes, holding mappa in raised right hand and cruciform scepter in left; star to left; THSOB. RIC X 620; Metcalf, Thess. 191 (same obv. die); Depeyrot 58/1. Toned, a few shallow scratches on obverse. Good VF. Rare. ($5000) Ex Stack’s Bowers Galleries (14 August 2019), lot 20101 (hammer $10,000); Property of an European Nobleman (Numismatica Ars Classica 24, 5 December 2002), lot 353; William J. Conte Collection (Baldwin’s 2, 5 October 1994), lot 19; Moreira Collection (Part 2, Superior, 10 December 1988), lot 2582.

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1161. Aelia Verina. Augusta, AD 457-484. AV Tremissis (1.47 g, 5h). Constantinople mint. Struck under Leo I, AD 462 or 466. AEL VERI NA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right / Cross within wreath (ties 14); CONOB*. RIC X 614; MIRB 10; Depeyrot 96/1; DOCLR 595-7. Slightly wavy flan, scratches, edge clipped. Good VF. Very rare. ($2000) Verina, the wife of Leo I, had an extraordinary personal history, plotting from time to time for and against her various relatives in numerous intrigues to control the succession or seize the throne. The very rare gold coinage in her name is attributed to two separate periods, an earlier issue struck in 462 or 466 and a later issue in 471 or 473. This gold tremissis dates to the former period, in the middle of Leo’s long reign. From the scant historical sources, Verina appears to have been the consummate imperial schemer who regularly instigated and switched sides in various deadly dynastic disputes without suffering any consequences for her actions. She retired to a nunnery in AD 480, but emerged in AD 484 for one final intrigue against her son-in-law Zeno. This, too, failed and Verina died in the aftermath; whether or not by violence is not recorded.

1162. Aelia Verina. Augusta, AD 457-484. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.37 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck under Leo I, AD 471 or 473. AEL ЧERI NA AЧG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, wearing necklace and earrings; manus Dei holding nimbus above / VICTORI A AVGGG, Victory standing left, holding long jeweled cross with right hand; star in right field; CONOB•. RIC X 633 (same rev. die as illustration, same obv. die as illustration of 632); MIBR 4a; Depeyrot 93/2 (same rev. die as illustration); DOCLR 593 var. (obv. legend). A few scratches and contact marks, some graffiti, edge lightly clipped. Good VF. Rare. ($10,000)

1163. Anthemius. AD 467-472. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Rome mint. D N ANTHE MIVS P F AVG, pearldiademed, helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear in right hand over right shoulder and shield slung over left shoulder / SALVS R EIP VBLICAE, Anthemius and Leo I standing facing, each wearing military attire and holding spear, holding globus cruciger between them; (ROMA monogram)/•//COMOB. RIC X 2831; Lacam class III/2, 41-7; Depeyrot 65/2. Underlying luster, die rust on obverse, scratch on reverse. EF. ($5000) Ex Rauch 99 (8 December 2015), lot 381 (hammer €7500); Property of a European Nobleman (Numismatica Ars Classica 24, 5 December 2002), lot 359; Classical Numismatic Auctions XVI (16 August 1991), lot 564.

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BYZANTINE COINAGE

1164. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Carthage mint, 1st officina. Dated IY 1 (AD 597/8). D N mAVRI C Tb P P AN A, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger / VICTORI A AVCC, angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; A//CONOB. DOC 230; MIBE 25b; SB 549. Lustrous, slight double strike. EF. Rare. ($750)

Extremely Rare Carthage Solidus

1165. Phocas. 602-610. AV Solidus (16mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Carthage mint. Dated IY 10 (606/7). D N FOCAS PЄRP AN I, crowned and cuirassed bust facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger in right hand / VICTORI A AVGG I, angel standing facing, holding staff terminating in staurogram in right hand, globus cruciger in left; CONOB. DOC –; MIBE 34; SB 681A. Near EF. Well struck. Extremely rare. ($1500)

Extremely Rare Revolt of the Heraclii Solidus

1166. Revolt of the Heraclii. 608-610. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.46 g, 7h). Uncertain military mint in the East. Dated fixed IY 11 (Summer AD 608). D N ЄRACLIO CONSVLI BA, facing busts of Heraclius and the exarch Heraclius, each wearing slight beard and consular robes; cross between / VICTORIA CONSAB, cross potent set on four steps; IA//CONOB. DOC 11; MIBE 3; SB 719. Faint hairlines on reverse. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($10,000) Beginning in 608, the exarch of Africa and his son, both named Heraclius, began issuing coinage in opposition to that of the unpopular Byzantine emperor Phocas. This coinage named and depicted the Heraclii as consuls (though neither held the title at that time) rather than as emperors, a political move that promoted the Heraclii as champions of the people, not merely rivals to the throne. The revolt culminated with Heraclius the younger’s coup at Constantinople, where he was welcomed by the population, crowned, and saw to the execution of his predecessor in 610.

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1167 1168 1167. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine. 610-6416. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.33 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck circa 613-616. dC NII hЄRACIIs Єτ hЄRA COIISτ P P AV, crowned and draped facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine; cross above / VICTORIA Λ VςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC 8j; MIB 8a; SB 734. Lustrous, small edge scuff, faint scratches and die rust on reverse. EF. Attractive portraits. ($750) Ex Private Swiss Collection (Roma XV, 5 April 2018), lot 709.

1168. Constans II. 641-668. AR Hexagram (21mm, 6.55 g, 6h). Class I. Constantinople mint. Struck 641-6471. ∂ N CONSτAN τINЧS PP AV, crowned and draped facing beardless bust, holding globus cruciger / ∂ЄЧS A∂IЧτA ROmΛ · INS (sic), cross potent, set on globe, set on three steps. Yannopoulos Type I, 1st Series; cf. DOC 48 (for type); MIB 142; SB 989. Attractive toning, scratches under tone, minor peripheral weakness on reverse. EF. Sharply struck. ($1000) Ex Gemini IX (9 January 2012), lot 530 (hammer $3500); Gorny & Mosch 151 (9 October 2006), lot 53: Malcom W. Heckman Collection (Triton VIII, 11 January 2005), lot 1373.

1169. Constans II. 641-668. AV Solidus (11mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Class I. Carthage mint. Dated IY 2 (643/4). D N CON STNINV, crowned and draped facing beardless bust, holding globus cruciger / VICTORI Λ VςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; ΔB//CONOB. Cf. DOC 107 (for type); MIB 56; SB 1029. Some weakness of strike on obverse. Good VF. ($500)

1170 1171 1170. Constantine IV Pogonatus, with Heraclius and Tiberius. 668-685. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Class III. Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck 674-681. ∂ N A NЧS P, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding a spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif; helmet with frontal plume only / VICTOΛ Λ VςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; crowned and draped figures of Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; A//CONOB. DOC (8a) = Tolstoi 16; MIB 7a; SB 1154. Lustrous, slight double strike. EF. ($500) 1171. Constantine IV Pogonatus, with Heraclius and Tiberius. 668-685. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.42  g, 6h). Class III. Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 674-681. ∂ N CON τ NЧS P, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding a spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif; helmet with crest and plume / VICTOΔ Λ VςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; crowned and draped figures of Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; Θ//CONOB. DOC –; MIB 7b; SB 1156. Lustrous, a few minor marks, reverse struck with clashed die. EF. ($500)

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1172 1173 1172. Constantine IV Pogonatus. 668-685. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.48 g, 6h). Class IV. Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Struck 681-685. P CONSτ A N*S P P A, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding a spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTORA (sic) AVGЧ, cross potent set on three steps; Γ// CONOBΛ. DOC (15b); MIB 11; SB 1158; Triton VI 1202 (same dies). Lustrous, some peripheral weakness. Superb EF. Fine style bust. ($1500) 1173. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43  g, 6h). Class II. Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Struck 687-692. D IVS†INIA NЧS PЄ AV, crowned and draped facing bust, wearing slight beard, holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; Γ//CONOB. DOC 5 (officina unlisted); MIB 6; SB 1246. Lustrous, light marks, obverse die breaks. Superb EF. ($1000)

1174. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.33 g, 6h). Class II. Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 687-692. D IVS†INIA NЧS PЄ AV, crowned and draped facing bust, wearing slight beard, holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; Θ//CONOB. DOC 5h; MIB 6; SB 1246. Lustrous, light marks. Superb EF. ($1500)

1175. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.43 g, 67h). Constantinople mint, 6h officina. Struck 692695. IҺS CRISτOS RЄX RЄςNANτIsM, facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / D IЧSτINI ANЧ S SЄRЧ CҺRISτI, Justinian standing facing, holding cross potent on steps in right hand and akakia in left; S//CONOP. DOC 7e.bis; MIB 8a; SB 1248. Hairline die break in obverse legend, hint of die rust on reverse. EF. Excellent early portrait of Christ. ($3000)

Struck With Solidus Dies

1176. Philippicus (Bardanes). 711-713. AR Hexagram (23mm, 6.63 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. d N FILЄPICЧS MЧL TЧS AN, crowned facing bust, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger and eagle-tipped scepter surmounted by cross / VICTORIA AVςV, cross potent on three steps; B//CONOB. DOC 8 and note, MIB 20; SB 1454. Toned, a few light scratches, weakly struck at periphery. Good VF. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives. ($2000) 253


Classic Byzantine Rarity

1177. Artavasdus, with Nicephorus. 741/2-743. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 741. b ARτAЧA SDOS MЧLτ, crowned bearded bust of Artavasdus facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent / C NIChORЧS MЧLτЧ, crowned beardless bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent; A at end of legend. DOC 2; Füeg 2.A; SB 1541. Struck with worn dies, a few light marks, traces of underlying luster. EF. Extremely rare. One of the classic Byzantine rarities. ($35,000) Artavasdus was the son-in-law of Leo III. After Leo’s death in 741, Artavasdus seized the throne in opposition to Leo’s young son, Constantine V. He managed to capture Constantinople, where he restored the worship of icons. But Constantine rallied the army to his cause and defeated Artavasdus in a number of battles. After a few months, Artavasdus and his son Nicephorus were cornered, imprisoned and blinded. His coinage was recalled and melted down, accounting for the great rarity of his solidi today.

1178 1179 1178. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (23mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Class II. Constantinople mint. Struck 764-773. COnSτAnτInOS S LЄOn O nЄOS, crowned and draped busts of Constantine V and Leo IV facing; cross above, • between / C LЄ ON PA MЧL, crowned bust of Leo III facing, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Φ at end of legend. Cf. DOC 2g; cf. Füeg 5.C.1 (for type); SB 1551. A few light marks, underlying luster. EF. ($1000) 1179. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 764-773. COnSτAnτInOS S LЄOn O nЄOS, crowned and draped busts of Constantine V and Leo IV facing; cross above, • between / C LЄ ON PAMЧL, crowned bust of Leo III facing, wearing loros, holding cross potent. Cf. DOC 2d; cf. Füeg 6.A.3; SB 1551. A few light scratches, struck with worn dies. Good VF. ($750)

1180 1181 1180. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Class II. Constantinople mint. Struck 764-773. COnSτAnτInOS S LЄOn O nЄO´, crowned and draped busts of Constantine V and Leo IV facing; cross above, • between / C LЄ ON PA MЧL, crowned bust of Leo III facing, wearing loros, holding cross potent. DOC 2d; Füeg 6.B.4; SB 1551. Underlying luster. EF. An attractive example. ($1000) 1181. Constantine VI & Irene, with Leo III, Constantine V, and Leo IV. 780-797. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 792-793. SV IRI nI ΛVΓ´ m IτRI ΛV´, Constantine V, Leo III, and Leo IV seated facing, each crowned and draped / COnSτΛnτInOSCΛ´ b´ Δ´, crowned facing busts of Constantine VI, draped and holding globus cruciger, and Irene, wearing loros and holding cruciform scepter; cross above, • between. DOC 2; cf. Füeg 4 (Ir.4.7/C.4.2); SB 1591. Minor die rust, slightly uneven strike, underlying luster. Near EF. ($2000) 254


1182. Constantine VI & Irene, with Leo III, Constantine V, and Leo IV. 780-797. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.55 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 792-793. SVn IRInI ΛVΓOVτ [...] IτR, Constantine V, Leo III, and Leo IV seated facing, each crowned and draped / COn • Sτ ΛnτIn´ bΛ SI, crowned facing busts of Constantine VI, draped and holding globus cruciger, and Irene, wearing loros and holding cruciform scepter; cross above, • between. DOC 2; cf. Füeg 4 (Ir.4.2/C.4.– [unlisted rev. die]); SB 1591. Obverse struck with worn and rusty die, slight double strike on reverse. Good VF. ($1500)

1183. Constantine VI & Irene. 780-797. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.51 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 793-797. IRInI AΓOVSτI, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger and cross-tipped staff / COnSτAn τInOS bAS´, crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; Θ at end of legend. DOC 3c.2; Füeg 5.D; SB 1594. Attractive light toning, underlying luster. Superb EF. A beautifully struck example of this issue. ($4000)

1184. Irene. 797-802. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 19 August 797-30 October 802. ЄIPInH ЬASILISSH, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left / • ЄIPInH ЬASILISSH, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left; q at end of legend. Cf. DOC 1a.2-5; Füeg 1.C.1 and note; SB 1599. Minor die rust, underlying luster. EF. A well struck example of this type. ($5000)

1185. Nicephorus I. 802-811. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 802-803. nICI FOROS ЬASILЄ’, crowned facing bust, wearing slight beard and chlamys, and holding cross potent in right hand, akakia in left / IҺSЧS XRIS τЧS nICA, cross potent set upon three steps; X at end of legend. DOC 1b; Füeg 1.B; SB 1603. Underlying luster. EF. ($1500)

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1186 1187 1186. Nicephorus I. 802-811. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 802-803. nICI FOROS ЬASILЄ’, crowned facing bust, wearing slight beard and chlamys, and holding cross potent in right hand, akakia in left / IҺSЧS XRIS τЧS nICA, cross potent set on three steps; q at end of legend. DOC 1a; Füeg 1.A.1; SB 1603. Deposit on reverse, underlying luster. EF. ($1500) 1187. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 803-811. hICI FOROS bASILЄ´, crowned bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia; no pellet at beginning of legend / SτAVRA CIS ∂ЄSPOI, crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; X at end of legend. Cf. DOC 2c.1; cf. Füeg 2.A.2; SB 1604. Light scratches, areas of weak strike, underlying luster. EF. ($1000)

1188 1189 1188. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 803-811. hICI FOROS bASILЄ´, crowned bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia; pellet at beginning of legend / SτAVRA CIS ∂ЄSPO´, crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; Θ at end of legend. DOC 2a.4; Füeg 2.B.1; SB 1604. Minor deposits on obverse, underlying luster. Choice EF. Struck from fresh dies. ($1500) 1189. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 803-811. hICI FOROS bASILЄ´, crowned bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia; pellet at beginning of legend / SτAVRA CIS ∂ЄSPO´, crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; X at end of legend. DOC 2c.4; Füeg 2.B.3; SB 1604. Areas of weak strike, underlying luster. EF. ($1000)

Michael I: From Emperor To Monk

1190. Michael I Rhangabe, with Theophylactus. 811-813. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. • mIXA HL bASILЄ’, crowned and draped facing bust of Michael, holding globus cruciger in right hand and akakia in left / ΘЄOFVLA CτOS ∂Є´, crowned facing bust of Theophylactus, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand and cross-tipped scepter in left; Є at end of leged. DOC 1b; Füeg 1.A; SB 1615. Underlying luster, minor peripheral weakness on reverse. EF. Struck from fresh dies. Rare. ($10,000) A high court official, Michael Rhangabe seized power when Nicephorus I was killed in battle. Michael raised his eldest son Theophylactus as co-emperor and reversed the iconoclast policies of his predecessor. In 812 he recognized Charlemagne as emperor of the West in return for Venice returning to Byzantine control; the Venetians, however, ignored the edict. Early in 813, Michael mounted a campaign against the Bulgarians, but they routed his army. In the aftermath, Michael abdicated and named the general Leo V as his successor. Michael took monastic vows and died peaceably as a monk 30 years later. His coinage in all metals is very rare. 256


1191. Michael III “the Drunkard”. 842-867. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.29 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 856-867. IҺSЧS X RISτOS ᚮ, facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; cross behind / Ⴘ mI XAHL ЬASILЄ´, crowned facing bust of Michael, wearing slight beard and loros, and holding labarum. DOC 3; Füeg 3.A var. design of arms of cross); BN 8-9; SB 1688. Riverine surfaces, traces of deposits. Good VF. Very rare. ($3000)

1192. Basil I the Macedonian, with Constantine. 867-886. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.34 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 871-886. + IHS XPS RЄX REςNANTIЧM, Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; ᚮ at end of legend / bASILOS ЄT COhSτAhτ´ AЧςς´b´, crowned facing busts of Basil, wearing loros, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 2c; Füeg 3.C.1; SB 1704. Traces of underlying luster. EF. ($1000)

1193 1194 1193. Constantine VIII. 1025-1028. AV Histamenon Nomisma (24mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. + IhS XIS RЄX RЄςNΛNTIhm (sic), facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; upturned crescent in upper two quarters of nimbus / + CωhSτAhτIh bASILЄsS ROm, crowned facing bust of Constantine facing, wearing jeweled loros, holding labarum and akakia; pellet on shaft. DOC 2; Füeg 2.A.6; SB 1815. Light toning in devices, hint of deposits. EF. ($1500) Ex Roma XV (5 April 2018), lot 732 (hammer £2600).

The Theotokos Hodegetria – Very Rare Metrical Legend 1194. Romanus III Argyrus. 1028-1034. AR Miliaresion (26mm, 2.65 g, 6h). Small module. Constantinople mint. Struck 1030(?). + ΠΑΡΘЄΝЄ CΟΙ ΠΟΛVΑΙΝЄ (in you, Virgin much-praised), the Theotokos Hodegetria standing facing on daïs, holding Holy Infant; triple linear circular border with eight spaced pellets; M and Θ, each with macron above, across field / ΟC ΗΛΠΙΚЄ ΠΑΝ ΤΑ ΚΑΤΟPΘΟΙ ( who has hoped, all things may set upright), Romanus, crowned and and wearing loros, standing facing on daïs, holding long patriarchal cross and patriarchal cross on globus; triple linear circular border with eight spaced pellets. DOC (3b.1) = ANS Inv. 1030.1963.38.1; SB 1822. Toned, scratches, flan crack. Good VF. Very rare. ($2000) The depiction of the Virgin and Child comes from an icon known as the Virgin Hodegetria, in the Hodegon monastery in Constantinople, which was alleged to have been painted by St. Luke himself. The complete legend reads “He who places his hope in thee, O Virgin, will prosper in all he does”. Romanus had good reasons to ask for Mary’s protection at this time: he launched a disastrous offensive against the Zengids in 1030, in which the numerically-superior Byzantines were thrown into disarray by a small group of opponents. In thanksgiving for his deliverance from this defeat, Romanus built the church of St. Mary Peribleptos in her honour. Romanus had also been having longstanding difficulties with his wife Zoe Porphyrogenita, the daughter of his predecessor Constantine VIII, which had begun when the couple were unable to conceive due to their advanced ages. Both Romanus and Zoe took lovers, and historians claim that Zoe poisoned Romanus and later had him killed in his bath in order to put her lover, the future Michael IV, on the throne.

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1195 1196 1195. Michael IV the Paphlagonian. 1034-1041. AV Histamenon Nomisma (24mm, 4.4026 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. + IhS XIS RЄX RЄςNΛNTIhm (sic), facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; in bars of nimbus, square jewel flanked by four pearls / + mIXAH L ЬASILЄЧS Rm, facing bust of Michael, wearing jeweled loros, holding labarum in right hand and globus cruciger in left; manus Dei above; cross of globus cruciger composed of five pellets. DOC 1a; Füeg 1.A.1.y; SB 1824. Lightly toned, slight double strike in obverse legend, underlying luster. EF. ($2000) Ex Roma XV (5 April 2018), lot 735 (hammer £2200).

The Theotokos Blachernitisa 1196. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AR 2/3 Miliaresion (25mm, 2.05 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. H RΛAKEP NITICA, facing bust of the Theotokos Blachernitisa, orans; M and Θ, each with macron above, across field / - – -/ ΘKЄ R´/Θ´/KωNCTAN/TINω ΔЄC/ΠOTH Tω/MONOMA/- X´ - i seven lines. DOC 8a; SB 1835. Lightly toned, minor peripheral weakness, hairline flan crack. EF. Struck on a broad flan. Rare. ($2000) From the Iconodule Collection.

1197 1198 1197. Michael VII Ducas. 1071-1078. AR Miliaresion (24mm, 1.95 g, 6h). Class IIb. Constantinople mint. + ΘKЄ ROHΘЄI Tω Cω ΔOYΛ, the Theotokos standing facingon daïs, orans; M and ΘV, each with macron above, across field / + MIXAHΛ BACIΛ O ΔɄK, Michael, crowned and in military attire, standing facing, holding long cross and sheathed sword; pellet below elbow. DOC 7b.1; SB 1873. Toned. Good VF. Good metal for issue. Rare. ($750) From the Iconodule Collection.

1198. Andronicus I Comnenus. 1183-1185. BI Aspron Trachy (31mm, 3.64 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. The Theotokos Hodegetria standing facing, holding bust of the Holy Infant; M and Θ, each with macron above, across field / ANΔPONIK[...] ΔЄCПOT[...], Andronicus standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger and being blessed by Christ Pantokrator to right; IC and XC, each with macron above, flanking nimbus. DOC 3; SB 1985. Brown patina, traces of underlying silvering. Near EF. Exceptional for issue. ($500) From the Iconodule Collection.

1199. John Comnenus-Ducas. As emperor of Thessalonica, 1237-1242. BI Trachy (29mm, 2.76 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. St. Theodore, in military attire, standing facing, holding spear and shield set on ground; to left; Γ/∂ above lis; [to right, Δ/ΘЄ above lis] / IωANNHC [ΔЄ] to left, O AΓIOЄ[...] to right, John standing facing, holding labarum and anexikakia, being crowned by St. Demetrius, wearing military attire. Cf DOC 2; cf. CLBC 14.2.1-3; SB 2188 corr. (obv. description). Dark green patina, edge split, reverse double struck. VF. Attractive example of a difficult issue. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 286 (5 September 2012), lot 446.

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1200. John Comnenus-Ducas. As emperor of Thessalonica, 1237-1242. BI Trachy (23mm, 1.60 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Angel with four wings standing facing, with arms outstretched; Λ/Λ/K/Є/Λ/O/I to left, X/V/IP/(OY) to right / IωANNIC ΔЄC to left, O A[ΓIO...] to right, John standing facing, holding anexikakia and St. Demetrius, wearing military attire, holding sheathed sword between them. T. Popov, “Неиздавани монети на Солунската империя, Никея и късна Византия” in Минало 3/2019, unnumbered fig. 3 (this coin); DOC –; CLBC 14.14.3; D. M. Metcalf, “The Peter and Paul Hoard: Bulgarian and Latin imitative trachea in the time of Ivan Asen II” in NC 1973, 1106, pl. 11, 117 = LBCA 405 (but misdescribed and with incorrect citations); SB –. Green and brown patina. VF. Extremely rare. ($2000)

1201. Theodore II Ducas-Lascaris. Emperor of Nicaea, 1254-1258. AR Trachy (27mm, 3.47 g, 12h). Type II. Magnesia mint. Struck 1254/5(?). St. Tryphon standing facing, holding cross to chest; to left, (OA)/(TP)V above lis, to right, (Φω)/N above lis / Theodore, crowned and wearing loros standing facing, holding labarum and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross; Δ/ΘЄ/OΔO/POC/Є to left, Δ/K/C/OΛ/AC/KA/PII/C (sic) to right. DOC (6.4) var. (rev. legend); T. Popov, “Две уникални късновизнтийски сребърни монети,” Минало 3/2017, fig. 5 (same dies); cf. LBCA 302; SB 2138. Toned, peripheral lamination on obverse. VF. Extremely rare, only one example of type in CoinArchives. ($2500) From the Iconodule Collection.

1202 1203 1202. Michael VIII Palaeologus. 1261-1282. AV Hyperpyron (24mm, 4.16 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. The Theotokos enthroned facing, holding medallion of Holy Infant; MP and ΘV, each with macron above, across field / Michael standing facing, being presented by St. Michael, who stands behind him, to Christ enthroned left, holding scroll; to right, IC XC, each with macron above, in two lines. DOC 1; SB 2241. Toned, edge scrape, lightly clipped. VF. Very rare. ($3000) 1203. Andronicus III Palaeologus. 1328-1341. AR Basilikon (21mm, 1.59 g, 6h). Light Series. Class IV. Constantinople mint. The Theotokos standing facing, orans; across upper field, (MP) [(ΘV)], each with macron above B• | •B flanking / IT(HMH)Δ to left, Γ/O/Δ down center, ANΔ[PONIKOC] to right, St. Demetrius holding small cross on to chest, standing slightly right, extending hand to Andronicus, standing facing, extending hand. DOC 874 var. (no pellets on obv.); cf. LPC 5 (for rev.); PCP –; LBCA –, but cf. 825 (same); SB –, but cf. 2472 (same); NAC 92/1, lot 1086 (same dies). Toned, areas of flat strike at periphery. VF. Extremely rare, seven examples in CoinArchives (including this coin). ($2000) Ex Berk BBS 210 (1 April 2020), lot 250.

1204. John V Palaeologus. 1341-1391. BI Tornese (16mm, 0.56 g, 12h). “Politikon” coinage. Class VII. Constantinople mint. ๘ ПOLITIKOИ, cross patttée / City walls with four with gabled center and four towers; • ๘ • above. DOC 1209-14; LPC 7; PCPC 362; SB 2578. Lightly toned, minor porosity. Good VF. Better than average for issue. Rare. ($500) From the Iconodule Collection.

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1205. John VI Cantacuzene. Second reign, 1353-1354. AR Basilikon (16mm, 0.71 g, 6h). Didymoteichon(?) mint. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; IC XC, each with macron above, across upper field; B to left, Φ/Ρ to right / ωT(HM)Δ to left, Γ/o/[A/I/ω down center, O KTKZ to right, St. Demetrius holding small cross, standing slightly right, extending hand to John, orans, standing facing. DOC 1206; cf. A. Veglery & A. Millas, “Gold and silver coins of the time of John V,” NumCirc LXXX/9 (September 1972), 5; LPC 3; PCPC (302); SB 2542. Minor weakness in center of reverse. Good VF. Better metal than usual. Extremely rare. ($2000) From the Iconodule Collection.

1206. John VI Cantacuzene, with Matthew. Second reign, 1353-1354. AR Half Basilikon (12mm, 0.47 g, 6h). Uncertain Thracian (Adrianople?) mint. Struck 1355(?). Half-length facing bust of the Archangel Michael, holding palm frond and sword set in scabbard, set above city walls; X M above; to right, uncertain holy figure standing left, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels; (TP) in field between / Matthew, crowned and wearing loros. standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter; (ΓA)C И to left. KT[KZ]N to right. DOC –; G&F 4b = S. Bendall, “A New Coin of Matthew Asen Cantacuzenus,” NumCirc XCV.2 (March 1987), p. 40, fig. 1 (same rev. die); PCPC 304; LBCA –; SB 2543. Toned. Good VF. Extremely rare with five currently known. ($5000)

EARLY MEDIEVAL & ISLAMIC COINAGE

1207. AXUM. Nezana (Nezool). Later 5th century. AV (19mm, 1.52 g, 12h). ΘEOV EV+ΛPICTIΛ, crowned and draped bust right, holding branch or fly-whisk, between two grain ears; large cross above / ΘWΓIΛC+C (= BACIΛЄVC) HEZOVΛ, draped bust right, holding branch or fly-whisk, between two grain ears; large cross above. Hahn, Aksumite 38d; Munro-Hay type 82; BMC Axum 401; SACAM 335 (same rev. die). Light toning in devices, indications of prior bezel. EF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 84 (5 May 2010), lot 1657; Gorny & Mosch 176 (10 March 2009), lot 1485.

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1208. OSTROGOTHS. Athalaric. 526-534. AR Quarter Siliqua (12mm, 0.69 g, 5h). Struck in the name of Justinian I. Ravenna mint. Struck 526-534. D N IVST INIAN AC, pearl-diademed and mantled bust right / D N/ATHAL/ARICVS/RIX in four lines within wreath with large central jewel. COI 59; Ranieri 282; MIB 54; BMC Vandals 35; MEC I, 127. Deep cabinet tone, minor flan crack. Good VF. Great metal. Excellent portrait for this small denomination. ($500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 93 (24 May 2016), lot 1165.

Grimoald III with Charlemagne

1209. LOMBARDS, Beneventum. Grimoald III, with Charlemagne, king of the Franks. 788-806. AV Tremissis (17mm, 1.24 g, 6h). Struck 788-792. ๘ űʽƩȵ Ú Ó V©ǮĀ, crowned, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Ā⌴ȵ⌽ û ü²ʽ • R, cross potent; Ų ʽ across field, pellets flanking base; VƩüÚ. Oddy 444; CNI XVIII 8; BMC Vandals 4; Arslan 94; MEC 1, 1098. Toned. Good VF. Lot includes two old collector tickets. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Richard A. Jourdan Collection (Triton XXIII, 14 January 2020), lot 1013 (purchased from Andy Singer). At the date of his father’s death [Grimoald] was a hostage at the Frankish court, and Charlemagne only released him in return for an undertaking to abandon the title of princeps and use Charlemagne’s name or monogram in his charters and on his coins. [Grierson, p.32]

1210. MEROVINGIANS, Pseudo-Imperial coinage. temp. Clovis I-Clotaire I. 481-560. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.40 g, 6h). In the name of Anastasius I. First phase, group 1. Uncertain mint. Struck AD 491-518. çn ©n©⌽˶© ⌽ƩV ⌽ P P ©V⍛, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder in right hand and shield decorated with horseman motif in left / VƩ⍛˶⌴ʽƩ © ©V⍛⍛⍛, Victory standing left, holding long jeweled cross; star to right; ©//⍛⌴n⌴B. NM –; Belfort 5025; MEC 1, 343. Reverse off center, minor deposits. Near EF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Spink 194 (26 March 2008), lot 952.

Referenced in NM

1211. MEROVINGIANS, Marseille. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 3.87 g, 6h). In the name of Maurice Tiberius. Massilia (Marseille). Struck AD 582-602. ĕ n Ȯ©VʽƩ⍛ ˶ƩJ P P ©V⍛, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder in right hand and shield decorated with horseman motif in left / VƩ⍛˶⌴ʽƩ © ©V⍛⍛, cross pattée on globe set on ground line with pellets; across field, ȉ above Ҡ and ©Ḧ above ႸƩ; V//Ʃ⌴n⌴e. NM 25 (this coin referenced); cf. Belfort 2438 (for type); MEC –. Small test cut on reverse, slightly clipped. Good VF. Very rare. ($7500) Ex LHS 95 (25 October 2005), lot 861 (hammer CHF 14,000); Münzen und Medaillen AG 81 (18 September 1995), lot 956.

261


Second Known

1212. MEROVINGIANS, Paris (bishopric). Sigofridus. Circa 690/1-692/3. AR Denier (11mm, 1.19 g, 7h). Sicofridus, moneyer. ⌽Ʃ⍛⌴ śʽƩĎV[⌽], bust right / ʖ©ʖ across field; macron above ©; all within pelleted circular border. NM 5 = P. Crinon, “Un denier épiscopal du VIIe siècle attribuable à Sigofredus,” in BSFN 54.5 (May 1999), figs 1-2 (same dies); Lafaurie, Monnaies –; Belfort –, but cf. 3413 = Prou 743 (for a different PΛP issue of Sigofredus [there listed as moneyer]); MEC 1, –. Toned, light scratches. VF. Great metal. The second known. ($1000) Ex Pascal Rouselle Collection, purchased from Paul Turquat, July 2007.

1213. MEROVINGIANS, Quentovic. Pale AV Tremissis (12mm, 1.23 g, 12h). Dutta, moneyer. ม VVƩùù⌴ ŖƩ˶, diademed and draped bust right / ส ⍷V˶˶© ȭ⌴ne˶, cross set on two steps. NM Type 20-3A; Belfort 4956; Prou 1126; MEC 1, –. Deposits, obverse die rust. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex Londinium Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 1222.

Extremely Rare

1214.

MEROVINGIANS, St. Jean-d’Assé. Circa 585-620. AV Tremissis (11.5mm, 1.29 g, 12h). Leudericus, moneyer. diademed and draped bust right; to right, ⌴ with • above and below / ǮeVēe[ʽƩ⌐V]˝ Ѿ, cross pattée set on two steps; pellets flanking steps. NM –, but cf. 1 and 4; Belfort –, but cf. 252-3; MEC –. Areas of light toning, die break on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) ม ¬ʽ⌐Ʃ ¬⌐⌴ Ŗ,

From the Crescent Heights Collection.

Found in England

1215. MEROVINGIANS, Pseudo-Imperial coinage. Uncertain. Circa 500-580. AV Tremissis (12mm, 1.42 g, 12h). Imitating a Visigothic issue of a tremissis of Anastasius I to Justinian I. Uncertain mint. Diademed and draped bust right; two pellets to either side; cross to right; pseudo-legend consisting largely of vertical stroke and single pellet around / Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm frond; pseudo-legend around. EMC 2018.0412 (this coin); cf. Tomasini 658; MEC 1 –. a few light scratches, die rust. Near VF. Rare. A heavy weight example with an English find spot. ($1000) Found near Bar Hill, Cambridgeshire, 2018.

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1216. CAROLINGIANS. Charlemagne (Charles the Great). As Charles I, King of the Franks, 768-814. AR Denier (18mm, 1.34 g, 3h). Class 2. Mag[ontiacum] (Mainz) mint. Struck 771-793/4. ⍛A⌴/·/ǮVs in three lines / ๘ ē/ȵ©Ŷ/⌐⌽ in three lines. Coupland, Charlemagne 5; Depeyrot 5765; M&G 262 (citing the Gariel 82); cf. Gariel 82 (for type); Prou –; BM 15; MEC I, –. Find patina. EF. Exceptional for issue. ($5000) Ex Dr. Eckhart Pick Collection (Peus 405, 3 November 2011), lot 4; Künker 25 (29 September 1993), lot 1455; Credit de la Bourse (26 April 1993), lot 57.

1217. CAROLINGIANS. Charlemagne (Charles the Great). As Charles I, King of the Franks, 768-814. AR Denier (20.5mm, 1.62 g, 3h). Class 3. Mogontia[cum] (Mainz) mint. Struck 793/4-812. แ æዚ⎁ǮV⌽ ⎁⍟ҟ ś⎁ዚ, nj©⎁ℽǮVs monogram / แ ȵ⌴ŷ⌴n˶Ʃ©, cross pattée; elongated n in legend. Depeyrot 579; M&G 92; BM 5; MEC 1, 741. Find patina, slightly wavy flan. EF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Dr. Eckhart Pick Collection (Peus 405, 3 November 2011), lot 5; Triton V (15 January 2002), lot 2334.

1218. CAROLINGIANS. Charlemagne (Charles the Great). As Charles I, King of the Franks, 768-814. AR Denier (18mm, 1.27 g, 1h). Class 2. Medolus (Melle) mint. Struck 771-793/4. ⍛A⌴/·/ǮVs in three lines / ĩĒ8ĒV˝ around central ornament. Cf. Coupland, Charlemagne 4 (for type with non-blundered leged); Depeyrot 605; Gariel 89; M&G 268 corr. (citing the Gariel coin as a variety); cf. Prou 684-5 (for similar blundered rev. legends); BM –; MEC I, –. Toned, deposits. Near EF. ($1500)

1219 1220 1219. CRUSADERS, Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Imitation Bezants. 12th-13th centuries. Pale AV Bezant (25mm, 3.60 g, 10h). Imitating a dinar of the Fatimid caliph al-Amir. Acre mint. Second phase, struck 1187(?)-1260 or later. Beginning of caliphal titles in two lines, continuation of name and titles in inner margin; mint formula in outer margin / al/ghaya in two lines across field, Kalima in inner margin, “Second Symbol” (Quran 9: 33) in outer margin. Balog & Yvon 27d-f; cf. Metcalf, Crusades 123 (for type); CCS 4. Areas of toning, die rust, underlying luster, struck on broad flan. VF. ($500) 1220. CRUSADERS, Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Imitation Bezants. 12th-13th centuries. Pale AV Bezant (22mm, 3.47 g, 4h). Imitating a dinar of the Fatimid caliph al-Amir. Acre mint. Third phase, struck 1187(?)-1260 or later. Beginning of caliphal titles in two lines, continuation of name and titles in inner margin; mint formula in outer margin; pellet below al-mansur in field / al/ghaya in two lines across field, Kalima in inner margin, “Second Symbol” (Quran 9: 33) in outer margin. Balog & Yvon 28; cf. Metcalf, Crusades 127 (for type, but of finer style); CCS 5b. Light toning in devices. VF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Thomas Bentley Cederlind Estate (Cassical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016) lot 1246 (purchased from Andy Singer); Davissons 17 (26 June 2002), lot 41; Classical Numismatic Review XXIII, 2 (Fall/Winter 1998), no. 88 (part of).

263


1221. CRUSADERS, County of Tripoli. Bohémond IV of Antioch to Bohémond VII. 1187-1287. AV Bezant (22mm, 3.42 g, 3h). Imitating a dinar of the Ayyubid caliph al-Mustansir. Tripolis mint. Third phase, after 1187-1260 or later. Kalima in four lines, ali above; mint formula and AH date in outer margin; • T • above ali; + below / Name and titles of al-Mustansir in three lines, ma’ad above; “Second Symbol” (Quran 9: 33) in outer margin; • B • above ma’ad. Balog & Yvon 14; Metcalf, Crusades, 489; CCS 6. Light toning in devices, areas of peripheral weakness. Good VF. ($500)

1222. CRUSADERS, Knights of Rhodes (Knights Hospitaller). Antony Fluviano. 1421-1437. AV Ducato (22mm, 3.52 g, 9h). • s/•/ȉ/•/V/Ě/Ƀ/Ě/q/q down left, ĕ/V/X/• ō • ⍒ɃͿɦኪ ōLVƩ • around right, St. Mark standing right, presenting banner to kneeling Grandmaster; • ȶ • to right / sƩ˶ • ˶ • XPĿ • ē©˶ • ʠ • ˶V ʽĿŷƩs • Ʃs˶Ŀ • ēV⍛©˶ •, Christ standing facing, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels, surrounded by mandorla containing nine stars; pellet between feet. Schlumberger pp. 255 and pl. X, 15 var. (legends; no m); Metcalf, Crusades –; Slocum –; CCS 33 var. (same). Toning in devices, minor deposits, some die rust, a few areas of weak strike. Near EF. Very rare. ($2000) This coin was part of a first issue of gold ducats struck by Antony Fluviano. The earliest was a direct copy of the Venetian trade ducat, with at least two obverse legends (see Triton XVIII, lot 1460 for the more usual obverse legend). When Venice strongly protested this issue, Fluviano was soon required to modify the design. Retaining the general Venetian type, Fluviano simply replaced the name of Saint Mark with that of St. John the Baptist, the patron of the Knights of Rhodes (see Gorny and Mosch 217, lot 4044 for an example of the second type). While both varieties are considered very rare, the earlier variety is considered to be more so with less than seven appearing at auction in the past decade.

1223. CRUSADERS, Knights of Rhodes (Knights Hospitaller). Fabrizio del Carretto. 1513-1521. AV Ducato (21mm, 3.36 g, 9h). s/Ʃ/ɦ/ƌ/⍒/N/N/Ʃ/s down left, ș/ō/X/• ō • ō⍒BʽƩ⍛ƩƩ • ĕ • ⍛⍒ around right, St. John standing right, presenting banner to kneeling Grandmaster / sƩ˶ ˶ • XPĿ ˘ ē©˶V • ˶ • ʽĿŷƩs Ʃs˶Ŀ ēV •, Christ standing facing, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels, surrounded by mandorla containing nine stars; pellet between feet. Schlumberger pp. 264-5 and pl. XI, 14 var. (legends); Metcalf, Crusades –; Slocum –; CCS 58 var. (rev. legend). Toned, slightly wavy flan. Good VF. ($1000)

264


Iconic Year 77 Dinar

1224. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. AH 65-86 / AD 685-705. AV Dinar (20mm, 4.15 g, 6h). Unnamed (Dimashq [Damascus]?) mint. Dated AH 77 (AD 696/7). First portion of the kalimat at-tawḥīd: lā ilāha illā-llāhu waḥdahu lā sharīka lahu (there is no god except Allah, and one [is] he; (there is) no partner to him) in three lines; in outer margin, the “Umayyad Second Symbol” (Sura 9 [al-tauba]:33): muḥammadur rasūlu-llāh arsalahu bi-’lhudā wa dīn al-haqq lī-yuzhirahu ’ala al-dīn kollihi walau kariha al-mushrikūn ( · Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; him He sent with guidance and true faith to make it prevail over all other faiths even though the polytheists may hate it) / Sura 112 (al-ikhlas) Āllah ahad Āllah āl-samad lam yalīd wa lam yalūd (Allah [is] One; Allah [is] the Eternal, the Absolute; not begetting and not begotten) in three lines; in outer margin, b-ismi-llāh zarb hazā l-dinār fī sanat seb’ wa seb’īn (in the name of Allah struck this dinar in the year seven and seventy (after the Hijra)). AGC I 41; SICA 2, 1 var. (no pellet); Walker, Arab-Byzantine, pp. lvi and 84; Album 125; ICV 155; Triton XXIII, lot 1227 (same obv. die); Roma XIV, lot 894 (same dies); Sotheby’s London, 18 April 1994, lot 290 (same dies). Prick marks and light scratches, trace of double strike, minor edge scuff, holed for suspension. Good VF. Extremely rare with addition of pellet in obverse marginal legend, and the key date in the series. ($40,000)

1225. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. al-Walid I ibn ‘Abd al-Malik. AH 86-96 / AD 705-715. AR Dirham (26.5mm, 2.93 g, 10h). Hulwan mint. Dated AH 91 (AD 709/10). First portion of the kalimat at-tawḥīd: lā ilāha illā-llāhu waḥdahu lā sharīka lahu (there is no god except Allah, and one [is] he; (there is) no partner to him) in three lines; in outer margin, the “Umayyad Second Symbol” (Sura 9 [al-tauba]:33): muḥammadur rasūlu-llāh arsalahu bi-’lhudā wa dīn al-haqq lī-yuzhirahu ’ala al-dīn kollihi walau kariha al-mushrikūn (Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; him He sent with guidance and true faith to make it prevail over all other faiths even though the polytheists may hate it) / Sura 112 (al-ikhlas) Āllah ahad Āllah āl-samad lam yalīd wa lam yalūd (Allah [is] One; Allah [is] the Eternal, the Absolute; not begetting and not begotten) in three lines; in outer margin, bismillāh zarb hazā āl-dirham bi-hulwan fī sanat ihdā wa tis’īn (in the name of Allah struck this dirham in Hulwan in the year one and ninety (after the Hijra)). Klat 280 (same dies as illustration); SICA 2, 556 (same dies); Album 128; ICV 260. Lustrous, trace of double strike, deposits on reverse. Superb EF. Very rare in this condition. ($4000) Ex Baldwin’s Islamic Coin Auction 18 (26 July 2011), lot 110.

1226. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. al-Muktafi. AH 289-295 / AD 902-908. AV Dinar (25mm, 4.21 g, 7h). Halab (Aleppo) mint. Dated AH 289 (AD 902). AGC I 226Gb; Album 243.1; ICV 425. Lightly toned, slightly double struck. VF. Extremely rare. ($2000) 265


1227. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. al-Muktafi. AH 289-295 / AD 902-908. AV Dinar (24mm, 4.22 g, 2h). Ras al’Ayn mint. Dated AH 289 (AD 902). AGC I 226Hl; Album 243.1; ICV 425. Deposits, areas of flat strike at periphery. VF. Extremely rare. ($2500)

Unpublished Double Dinar

1228. ISLAMIC, Persia (Post-Seljuk). Khwarizm Shahs. Jalal al-Din Mangubarni. AH 617-628 / AD 1220-1231. AV Double Dinar (26mm, 7.20 g, 10h). Citing the ‘Abbasid caliph al-Nasir as overlord. Uncertain mint. Dated AH 620. la ilah illa/ ‘llah muhammad/rasul allah/al-nasir li-din Allah/amir al-mu’minin in four lines lines; Umayyad “Second Symbol” (alQuran Sura 9:33) in outer margin / al-sultan al-a’zam/jalal al-dunya wa al-din/abu’l muzaffar mangubarni/ ibn al-sultan in four lines; trace of mint and AH date in outer margin. Cf. Album 1742 (dinar); cf. ICV 1905 (same); Zeno –. Traces of deposits in devices, areas of flat strike at periphery. VF. Unpublished denomination. ($5000)

1229. ISLAMIC, Persia (Post-Seljuk). Khwarizm Shahs. Jalal al-Din Mangubarni. AH 617-628 / AD 1220-1231. AV Dinar (25mm, 3.83 g, 1h). Citing the ‘Abbasid caliph al-Nasir as overlord. Tulak mint. AH date not visible. la ilah illa/ ‘llah muhammad/rasul allah/al-nasir li-din Allah/amir al-mu’minin in four lines; ornament above; Umayyad “Second Symbol” (al-Quran Sura 9:33) in outer margin / al-sultan al-a’zam/jalal al-dunya wa al-din/mangubarni/ ibn al-sultan in four lines; [uncertain legend in outer margin]. Cf. Album 1742 (for denomination) and C1751 (for an Æ jital of this mint); ICV 1905; Zeno 156561. Flan crack, areas of flat strike. VF. Extremely rare. ($4000)

Chingiz (Genghis) Khan

1230. ISLAMIC, Mongols. Great Khans. Chingiz (Genghis). AH 602-624 / AD 1206-1227. AV Dinar (23mm, 4.95 g, 9h). Bukhara mint. AH date off flan. la ilah illa/ ‘llah muhammad/rasul allah in three lines; bukhara above, pellet below / chingiz khan/al-’adil/al-a’zam in three lines; lis above, pellet below. Nyamaa –; SNAT XVa-1, 267; Album 1964; cf. ICV 1940. Deposits in devices, areas of flat strike. Good Fine. Very rare. ($3000) 266


1231

1232

“Whoever does not accept this coin is guilty” 1231. ISLAMIC, Mongols. Great Khans. temp. Ögedei. AH 624-639 / AD 1227-1241. BI Multiple Dirham (33mm, 15.92 g, 6h). al-Kurraman mint. har ki nagirad gunahkar in Persian in three lines; all within linear double linear and pelleted border with ornaments / fī balad/al-kurraman in Arabic in two lines; all within linear quadrate border within double linear and pelleted border; ornaments in voids. Cf. Morton & Eden 18 (7 March 2006), lot 51 (AV dinar); cf. M. Federov; otherwise, unpublished. Toned, areas of weak strike, traces of underlying copper. VF. Extremely rare. ($10,000) This previously unknown coin adds important information to the coinage record of the mineral rich Kurram Valley. According to the Enclopædia of Islam this valley is a thin wedge of territory, through which the Kurram River, a tributary of the Indus River, flows. It is some seventy miles long and covers an area of 1,305 square miles on the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. From the legends on the coin it would appear that the town of Kurraman was a largely independent, self-governing territory whose strategic position facilitated trade and communication between Afghanistan and the Indus Valley. This is made clear because the town’s exceedingly rare coinage is totally anonymous, and owes allegiance to no political entity. However, this coin was almost certainly struck during the reign of the Mongol Great Khan Ogedei, and Kurraman could be said to exist in the shadow of his distant rule (c. 624-639h). The legends on all the coins from the Kurraman mint at this time, whether gold, copper and now silver, are always identical. This coinage does not appear to have been struck by any individual political authority, and apart from the name of the mint itself, it does not bear the usual name of a ruler or the year of its striking. Thus, it depended for its acceptance on the prestige of the Kurraman mint, the high quality of its metal and the phrase in Persian (the lingua franca of this region and age), “Whoever does not accept this coin is a sinner,” which admonished those who might object to using it because they were put off by its anonymity. This is the first recorded silver coin of this type from the Kurraman mint. It’s weight is heavier than that of the coins usually found in the region. It could be catagorized as an early example of a silver tanka before the weight of this denomination was fixed by later rulers in Afghanistan and India to facilitate trade. The purchase of this piece would be a remarkable opportunity for a collector or institution to acquire a unique example of this extraordinary rare, and previously unknown, coinage.

Enigmatic Presentation 10 Dirhams – Fifth Known 1232. ISLAMIC, Mongols. Great Khans. temp. Töregene Khatun. Regent, AH 639-644 / AD 1241-1246. AR 10 Dirhams (31mm, 28.31 g, 12h). In the name of the ‘Abbasid caliph al-Musta’sim billah. al-Kurraman mint. Dated AH 641 (AD 1243/4). al-musta’sim/billah al-’amīr/al-mūminīn in Arabic in three lines; all within linear quadrate border within double linear and pelleted border; ornaments in voids / zuriba hazā/fī al-balad/al-kurraman in Arabic in three lines; all within linear quadrate border within double linear and pelleted border; sanat ihdā wa arba’īn wa sittmi’at (date) in Arabic in voids. Nyamaa –; Album –; ICV –; Zeno 148091 = NGSA VIII, lot 289 (same dies); CNG 114, lot 1090; Triton XXIII, lot 949 (same dies); Triton XXII, lot 1234 (same dies). Toned, usual die break on obverse. VF. The fifth to appear at auction. ($15,000) Previously unpublished until the appearance of the Numismatica Genevensis SA coin, this 10 dirhams represents an important period in Mongol history. Following the Mongol conquest of eastern Afghanistan in AH 618 (AD 1221/2), the inhabitants of al-Kurraman, a river district in what are today the tribal borderlands between Afghanistan and Pakistan, showed their allegiance to the Mongols by striking coinage in the name of the Great Khan. Following the death of Ögedei Khan in AH 639 (AD 1241), a period of turmoil followed over the succession. Ögedei Khan’s wife, Töregene (Turakina) became regent, serving until her son Güyük was elected Great Khan in AH 644 (AD 1246). During this regency, Töregene ruled with complete authority as Great Khatun – female counterpart to the Great Khan. On this coin, however, neither Töregene’s name or title appears. Instead, the Abbasid caliph al-Musta’sim is cited as al-’amīr al-mūminīn – the religious and spiritual authority. During this uncertain period among their Mongol overlords, the al-Kurraman mint may have felt it prudent to strike a non-partisan issue in the name of the current ‘Abbasid caliph. Whether used as tribute to the caliph in Baghdad, as payment for soldiery employed by Töregene, or to buy the loyalty of the locals, these coins were quickly melted and reused, thus making them exceedingly rare. The last known coinage from this mint was struck in the name of the Great Khan Möngke, after which this mint disappears from the numismatic records.

267


WORLD COINAGE

1233. AFGHANISTAN, Durrani Shahs. Zaman Shah. AH 1207-1215 / AD 1793-1800. AV Nazarana Mohur (27.5mm, 11.00 g, 6h). Sar al-Sultanat Kabul mint. Dually dated AH 1208 and RY ahd (AD 1793). Persian couplet citing name and titles of Zaman Shah; AH date to upper left / Mint formula and RY date set on ornate field; all within ornate linear and pelleted circular border within wreath. Cf. SICA 9, 1113 (AR); Album 3106; ICV 3955; KM 445; Friedberg 6. Minor hairline flan crack. EF. Very rare. ($3000) Ex Property of an Indian Prince (Spink 215, 4 December 2012), lot 587.

1234 1235 1234. AUSTRIA, Archduchy of Austria. Sigismund. 1446-1490. AR Guldiner – Taler (40mm, 31.69 g, 3h). Hall mint. Dated 1486. • SƱŷƱS⍵⎍Nd⎍S Ḧ ᚩ Ḫ aˆøƌƱd⎍Ҟ • a⎍S˸ˆƱĚ •, crowned, draped, and armored figure standing facing, holding globe-tipped scepter in right hand over shoulder and hilt of sword in left hand; to left, coat-of-arms held by lion; to right, crested and crowned helmet / Knight in German Gothic armor, holding banner, on caparisoned horse galloping right; ἋἘἜἚ below; helmet decorated with elaborate crowned crest; Habsburg arms in exergue; arms of Austrian provinces around. Moser & Tursky 64; Levinson IV-49a; Frey 274; Davenport 8087. Toned, fields lightly chased, possibly removed from a mount. Good VF. ($7500) 1235. AUSTRIA, Archduchy of Austria. Sigismund. 1446-1490. AR Halbguldiner (34mm, 15.36  g, 3h). Hall mint. Dated 1484. ᚩ SƱŷƱS⍵⎍Nd⎍S ᚩ aˆøƌƱd⎍Ҟ ᚩ a⎍S˸ˆƱĚ ᚩ, crowned, draped, and armored half-length bust right, holding scepter and sword pommel / Knight in German Gothic armor, holding banner, on caparisoned horse galloping right; ἋἘἜἘ below; helmet decorated with elaborate crowned crest; Habsburg arms in exergue; arms of Austrian provinces around. Moser & Tursky 60; Levinson IV-45a; Frey 261. Toned, a few minor marks along edge. Near VF. One of the earliest largedenomination silver coins with a full AD date in eastern Arabic numerals. ($3000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Todd Hansen Collection; Rye Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 2089.

1236. AUSTRIA, Austro-Hungarian Empire. Franz Josef I. 1867-1916. AV 100 Kronen – 100 Corona (37mm, 33.85 g, 12h). Vienna mint. Dated 1909. Bare head right / Crowned double-headed eagle facing with wings spread, holding sword and globus cruciger; crowned and collared coat-of-arms on breast. Herenik 318; KM 2819; Friedberg 507. In NGC encapsulation 5913284-004 graded PL 55. ($2000) 268


1237. AUSTRIA, Salzburg (Prince-archbishopric). Johann Jakob Khuen von Belasi. 1560-1586. AV Doppeldukat (26mm, 6.96 g, 10h). Dated 1583. Half-length bust of St. Rupert, in episcopal regalia, facing slightly left; coat-of-arms below; S R flanking / Crowned double-headed eagle. Probszt 492; Friedberg 636. In NGC encapsulation 5913284-001 graded MS 64+. ($2000)

1238. AUSTRIA, Salzburg (Archbishopric). Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau. 1587-1612. AR Klippe Taler (44x44mm, 57.22 g, 12h). Dated 1593 (in Roman numerals). SANCTVS · RVDBE RTVS · EPS · SALISBV :, St. Rupert seated facing slightly left, wearing nimbus crown, miter, and episcopal regalia, and holding salt cellar and crozier / · RESTIT + M · D : XCIII + IMOTA ·, three-tiered tower set in waves and surmounted by cross, buffeted by winds at sides and hail and rain from storm clouds above; all within pelleted and grained border. Probszt 798; Davenport 8198. Toned, minor marks, hairlines. Good VF. ($1500) From the Lampasas Collection.

1239 1240 1239. BELGIUM. Albert I. 1909-1934. NI Essai de 100 Francs (35mm, 15.24 g, 5h). Bruxelles (Brussels) mint. Dies by Devreese. Dated 1912. · ALBERT · ROI · · DES ·BELGES ·, uniformed bust left / Crowned, collared, and mantled coatof-arms; 100 FRS across field; 19 12 below. Cf. Dupriez 1924-7; cf. KM Pn194 (for strikings in other metals). In NGC encapsulation 5913287-016 graded MS 62. ($750) 1240. BERMUDA, Colonial. George III. King of Great Britain, 1760-1820. CU Penny (31mm, 13.69  g, 6h). Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1793. Laureate head right / Ship under sail left. Sportack 3/3; Pridmore 5b; KM 5. Red-brown surfaces. Superb EF. Proof-like strike. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Davissons 9 (9 October 1997), lot 119. Sportack (p. 2281) notes that a very small number of proofs were struck from dies 3/3, and that regular strikes created immediately after these had proof-like polish in the fields. The rare proofs can be distinguished by very sharp edges to the letters, while the proof-like regular issues exhibit some softness around the letters.

269


1242 1241 1241. BULGARIA, Principality. Aleksandar of Battenberg. 1879-1886. Æ 2 Stotinki (21mm, 6h). Heaton (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1881. Crowned coat-of-arms between two banners, with leonine supporters, all mantled and crowned / Denomination and date in three lines within wreath. CBC p. 9; Sweeny BU1; KM 1. In PCGS encapsulation 39100785, graded MS 64 BN. ($500) 1242. BULGARIA, Principality. Aleksandar of Battenberg. 1879-1886. Æ 5 Stotinki (25mm, 6h). Heaton (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1881. Crowned coat-of-arms between two banners, with leonine supporters, all mantled and crowned / Denomination and date in three lines within wreath. CBC p. 9; Sweeny BU2; KM 2. In PCGS encapsulation 39100786, graded MS 63 BN. ($300)

1243 1244 1243. BULGARIA, Principality. Aleksandar of Battenberg. 1879-1886. Æ 10 Stotinki (30mm, 6h). Heaton (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1881. Crowned coat-of-arms between two banners, with leonine supporters, all mantled and crowned / Denomination and date in three lines within wreath. CBC p. 9; Sweeny BU3; KM 3. In PCGS encapsulation 12805071, graded MS 64 RB. ($500) 1244. BULGARIA, Principality. Aleksandar of Battenberg. 1879-1886. AR 2 Leva (27mm, 6h). St. Petersburg mint. Dated 1882. Crowned coat-of-arms between two banners, with leonine supporters, all mantled and crowned / Denomination and date in three lines within wreath. CBC p. 10; KM 5. In PCGS encapsulation 39100788, graded MS 65. ($500)

1245. BULGARIA, Principality. Aleksandar of Battenberg. 1879-1886. AR 5 Leva (37mm, 6h). St. Petersburg mint. Dated 1885. Crowned coat-of-arms between two banners, with leonine supporters, all mantled and crowned / Denomination and date in three lines within wreath. CBC p. 10; KM 7. In PCGS encapsulation 39100795, graded MS 62. ($500)

1246. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. Æ 10 Santim Essai (30mm, 6h). Brussels mint. Dies by Auguste Birchaut. Dated 1887 AB. Crowned coat-of-arms between two banners, with leonine supporters, all mantled and crowned / Denomination and date in three lines within wreath. CBC –; KM E3. In PCGS encapsulation 39100797, graded SP 64 RB. Rare. ($1500) 270


1247 1248 1247. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. CU-NI 5 Stotinki (17mm, 6h). Brussels mint. Dated 1888. Crowned coat-of-arms / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 12; KM 9. In PCGS encapsulation 39100799, graded MS 65. ($500) 1248. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. CU-NI 10 Stotinki (19mm, 6h). Brussels mint. Dated 1888. Crowned coat-of-arms / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 12; KM 10. In ANACS encapsulation 420397, graded MS 65. ($400)

1249 1250 1249. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. CU-NI 20 Stotinki (21mm, 6h). Brussels mint. Dated 1888. Crowned coat-of-arms / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 13; KM 11. In NGC encapsulation 1753786-032, graded MS 65. ($500) 1250. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. AR 50 Stotinki (17mm, 6h). Kremnitz mint. Dated 1891 KБ. Bare head left / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 13; KM 12. In PCGS encapsulation 39100800, graded MS 62. ($300)

1251 1252 1251. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. AR Lev (22mm, 6h). Kremnitz mint. Dated 1891 KБ. Bare head left / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 13; KM 13. In PCGS encapsulation 39100801, graded MS 62. ($300) 1252. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. AR 2 Leva (26mm, 6h). Kremnitz mint. Dated 1891 KБ. Bare head left / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 14; KM 14. In PCGS encapsulation 39100803, graded MS 62. ($500)

1253 1254 1253. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. AR 5 Leva (37mm, 6h). Kremnitz mint. Dated 1892 KБ. Bare head left / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 14; KM 15. In PCGS encapsulation 39100804, graded MS 63. ($1000) 1254. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. AR 5 Leva (37mm, 6h). Kremnitz mint. Dated 1894 KБ. Bare head left / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 16; KM 18. In PCGS encapsulation 39100809, graded MS 63. ($300) 271


1255. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. AV 10 Leva (19mm, 6h). Kremnitz mint. Dated 1894 KБ. Bare head left / Crowned coat-of-arms. CBC p. 16; KM 19; Friedberg 4. In NGC encapsulation 297358-008, graded MS 60. ($750)

1256. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. AV 20 Leva (21mm, 6h). Kremnitz mint. Dated 1894 KБ. Bare head left / Crowned coat-of-arms. CBC p. 16; KM 20; Friedberg 3. In PCGS encapsulation 39100811, graded MS 61. ($1500)

1257 1258 1259 1257. BULGARIA, Principality. Ferdinand I. 1887-1908. CU-NI 10 Stotinki (19mm, 6h). Kremnitz mint. Dated 1906. Crowned coat-of-arms / Denomination and date within wreath. CBC p. 18; KM 24. In PCGS encapsulation 39100812, graded MS 66. ($300) 1258. BULGARIA, Tsardom. Ferdinand I. 1908-1918. AR 50 Stotinki (18mm, 7h). Kremnitz or Vienna mint. Dated 1916. Bare head left / Denomination within wreath. Small beads variety. CBC p. 27; KM 30. In PCGS encapsulation 39100817, graded MS 62. ($300) 1259. BULGARIA, Tsardom. Ferdinand I. 1908-1918. AR 2 Leva (22mm, 6h). Kremnitz or Vienna mint. Dated 1916 KБ. Bare head right / Denomination within wreath. CBC p. 21; KM 29. In PCGS encapsulation 39075397, graded MS 61. ($300)

Imposing Qīng Tael

1260. CHINA, Qīng dynasty. Dézōng (Guāngxù). AD 1875-1908. AR Liǎng – Tael (41mm, 12h). Húběi province. Wǔchāng mint. Dated RY 30 (AD 1904/5). Legend in Hànzì characters around similar legend in Manchu script / Two flying imperial dragons facing one another, coiled outward and surrounded by stylized clouds; denomination in Hànzì at center. L&M 180; Kann 933; KM (Y) 128.2. Toned. In NGC encapsulation 5914536-001 graded AU 58. ($30,000) 272


1261. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (35mm, 27.08 g, 12h). Nuevo Reino (Bogotá) mint. Dated 1798 NR JJ. Cuirassed bust right / Crowned and collared coat-of-arms. Calicó 1277; KM 62.1; Friedberg 51. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex J. Eric Engstrom Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 105, 10 May 2017), lot 1097.

1262. DENMARK. Knud IV den Hellige (the Saint). 1080-1086. AR Penny (16mm, 0.98 g, 8h). Roskilde mint; Arkil, moneyer. ùn⎍Ϳ / ያዞҟ / Ʃ Ʃ, crowned half-length bust right, holding sword / ม ©ያkƩ⌦ ม ያɭ˨⌐, short cross pattée. Hauberg 7; cf. Hede I 64 (for type). Beautifully toned. EF. Rare. ($2500) Ex Allan Williams Collection (Part II, Spink 253, 3 July 2018), lot 351 (there on the cover); William J. Conte Collection (Baldwin’s 13, 28 May 1997), lot 1459; Christian Lerche Collection (Bruun Rasmussen 572, 24 March 1992), lot 70.

1263.

FRANCE, Royal. Charles V ‘the Wise’. 1364-1380. AV Franc à pied (29mm, 3.75 g, 4h). Authorized 20 April 1365.

k¨ˊɨǮ⎍S ᚨ dƩ ᚨ ŷˊ fˊ¨nýɨˊ⎍ ᚨ ˊĚҞ, king standing facing within Gothic arch; semé of seven lis to left and right, holding sword, and main de Justice / ๘ Ҟʖý ᚨ ⎍ƩHýƩ˶ ᚨ Ҟʖý ᚨ ˊĚŷH¨˶ ᚨ Ҟʖý ᚨ ƩȵʖĚˊ¨˶, cross tréflée; in center of

cross, pellet within angled quadrilobe; lis in first and fourth quarters, crown in second and third; all within angled quadrilobe; lis in spandrels. Duplessy 360; Ciani 457; Friedberg 284. Struck on a neat, round flan. Lustrous. Choice EF. ($1500)

1264. FRANCE, Royal. Charles V ‘the Wise’. 1364-1380. AV Franc à pied (29mm, 3.83 g, 8h). Authorized 20 April 1365. k¨ˊɨǮ⎍S ᚨ dƩ ᚨ ŷˊ fˊ¨nýɨˊ⎍ ᚨ ˊĚҞ, king standing facing within Gothic arch; semé of seven lis to left and right, holding sword with annulet pommel, and main de Justice / ๘ Ҟʖý ᚨ ⎍ƩHýƩ˶ ᚨ Ҟʖý ᚨ ˊĚŷH¨˶ ᚨ Ҟʖý ᚨ ƩȵʖĚˊ¨˶, cross tréflée; in center of cross, annulet within angled quadrilobe; lis in first and fourth quarters, crown in second and third; all within angled quadrilobe; lis in spandrels. Duplessy 360A; Ciani 457A; Friedberg 284. Slightly soft struck in parts. Struck on a broad flan. Lustrous. EF. ($750) 273


1265. FRANCE, Royal. Charles V ‘the Wise’. 1364-1380. AV Franc à pied (28mm, 3.77 g, 8h). Uncertain provincial mint. Struck after 1368. k¨ˊɨǮ⎍˝ Ḧ/Ḧ dƩ Ḧ/Ḧ ŷˊ fˊ¨ɀýɨˊ⎍ Ḧ/Ḧ ˊĚҞ, king standing facing within Gothic arch; semé of seven lis to left and right, holding sword with annulet pommel, and main de Justice / ๘ Ҟʖý ᛋ ⎍ƩɀýƩ˶ ᛋ Ҟʖý ᛋ ˊĚŷɀ¨˶ ᛋ Ҟʖý ᛋ ƩȵʖĚˊ¨˶ ი, cross tréflée; in center of cross, pellet within angled quadrilobe; lis in first and fourth quarters, crown in second and third; all within angled quadrilobe; lis in spandrels. Duplessy 360A/360 (obv./rev.); Dieudonné 792; Ciani –; Friedberg 284; Triton XVII, lot 1000 (hammer $2900). Slightly double struck in parts. Lustrous. EF. The king particularly well struck up. Rare. ($1000) In 1356, French fortunes in the Hundred Years’ War hit their nadir. The French king, Jean the Good, had been captured at Poitiers by Edward the Black Prince of Aquitaine. Negotiations concluded by Charles, the Dauphin, in 1360 saw a significant expansion of Edward’s territory, although in return the English king Edward III promised to renounce his claim to the French throne. In any event the English prevaricated, never fulfilling their part of the agreement, and in 1368 Charles, now king, launched a new campaign against Aquitaine. By 1374 he had taken back all the lands that had been assigned to Aquitaine in 1360, and the Black Prince had departed, a broken man. The newly re-conquered land included the Anglo-Gallic mints of Limoges, Poitiers and La Rochelle, and issues of the franc à pied were struck at these mints, with appropriate mintmarks to distinguish them from the Paris issues. The present specimen is clearly not in the style of the Paris mint, and the annulet mark in the reverse legend most likely indicates a provincial issue. If not an official regal issue, it may have been struck by one of the lesser French lords in the newly recovered province of Aquitaine.

1266. FRANCE, Royal. Charles VII ‘the Victorious’. 1422-1461. AV Écu d’or (28mm, 3.93 g, 2h). First Period coinage. Poitiers mint; mm: pellet under 8th letter. Authorized 21 January 1423. ๘ k¥rɭǭ⎍˫ Ḻ dEƱ Ḻ ŷr¥ýƱ¥ Ḻ fr¥ɀýɭˊ⎍⍴ Ḻ rEҞ, crowned coat-of-arms / ๘ Ҟʖý Ṅ ⎍ƩɀýƩ˶ Ṅ Ҟʖý Ṅ ˊĚŷɀ¨˶ Ṅ Ҟʖý Ṅ ƩȵʖĚˊ¨˶, cross fleurée with star at center; all within double linear quadrilobe; each arc ending in lis; crown in spandrels. Duplessy 453; Ciani 614; Friedberg 306. EF. ($750)

1267 1268 1267. FRANCE, Royal. Louis XVI. 1774–1793. AR Écu – 6 Livres (38mm, 29.48 g, 6h). Constitutional issue. Paris mint; différents: leopard and lyre. Dually dated L’An 4 and 1792 A. Head left, hair tied in ribbon / Winged genius of France standing right, inscribing tablet set on column; to left, fasces surmounted by cap; to right, rooster standing left. Duplessy 1718; Ciani 2238; VG 55; Droulers 901; KM 615.1. Lustrous, a few minor adjustment marks. EF. ($500) From the J. Eric Engstrom Collection.

1268. FRANCE, First Empire. Napoléon I. 1804-1814. AR 5 Francs (37mm, 25.05 g, 5h). Paris mint; différents: signature/rooster. Dated 1811 A. Laureate head left / Denomination within wreath. VG 584; KM 1694.1. Attractive cabinet toning, a few very light marks. UNC. ($500) From the J. Eric Engstrom Collection, purchased from S. Boutin, July 1963.

274


1269. FRANCE, Government of National Defence. 1870-1871. AR 5 Francs (37mm, 24.97 g, 6h). Bordeaux mint; différents: cross ancrée and M in star. Dated 1871 K. Wreathed head of Ceres left / Denomination within wreath. VG 742; KM 820.2. Deep cabinet toning with traces of iridescence, a few faint scratches. AU. Rare variety with the M in star différent rotated horizontally. ($500) From the J. Eric Engstrom Collection. Ex Stack’s (4 December 1986), lot 606; Randolph Zander Collection.

1270. FRANCE, Commune of Paris. 1871. AR 5 Francs (37mm, 25.02 g, 6h). Paris mint; différents: trident and anchor. Dated 1871 A. Hercules standing facing between personifications of Liberty standing slightly right, holding scepter surmounted by Hand of Justice, clasping hands with Equality standing slightly left, holding level; laurel branch to left / Denomination within wreath. Wide date variety. VG 744; KM 823. Rich cabinet toning with hints of blue and gold. AU. Rare. ($1000) From the J. Eric Engstrom Collection. Ex Stack’s (16 March 1983), lot 418; Dr. Charles Pelham Greenough Collection. Silver 5 Francs bearing the trident différent were struck under the Paris Commune, with Zéphyrin Camélinat as mint master and treasurer.

1271.

FRANCE, Provincial. Orange (Principality). Raymond V. 1340-1393. AV Franc à pied (28mm, 3.76 g, 6h).

ˆ¨H⎍Nĕ⎍S / ĕĚƩ ŷˆ¨ / ʖˆƩý / ¨⎍ˆ¨, Raymond standing facing within Gothic portico surrounded by lis, holding sword and lis-tipped scepter / ๘ ҢʖƩý ḥ ⎍ƩnýƩ˶ ḥ ҢʖƩý ḥ ˆĚŷn¨˶ ḥ ҢʖƩý ḥ ƩHʖĚˆ¨˶, cross fleurée, with rosette-

in-polylobe in center and lis and crown alternating in angles; all within polylobe, with lis in each angle. Duplessey, Féodales 2077; Poey d’Avant 4527; Friedberg 190. Lustrous. EF. Rare. ($2000) 275


1272.

FRANCE, Provincial. Orange (Principality). Raymond V. 1340-1393. AV Franc à pied (28mm, 3.74 g, 2h).

ˆ¨H⎍Nĕ⎍S / ĕĚƩ ŷˆ¨ / ʖˆƩý / ¨⎍ˆ¨, Raymond standing facing within Gothic portico surrounded by lis, holding sword and lis-tipped scepter / ๘ ҢʖƩý ḥ ⎍ƩnýƩ˶ ḥ ҢʖƩý ḥ ˆĚŷn¨˶ ḥ ҢʖƩý ḥ ƩHʖĚˆ¨˶, cross fleurée, with rosette-

in-polylobe in center and lis and crown alternating in angles; all within polylobe, with lis in each angle. Duplessey, Féodales 2077; Poey d’Avant 4527; Friedberg 190. Lustrous. EF. Rare. ($2000)

1273. GERMANY, Lübeck (Free and Hanseatic City). AV Floren – Goldgulden (22mm, 3.59 g, 8h). Mm: doubleheaded eagle. Struck 14th century. ᚤ ŖǭɭʽĚ= ǭ⎍BƱý, ornate Lily of Florence / ⎄ ƱɭH¨ ᚤ ɃɃe⎄ / B /, Saint John the Baptist standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter decorated with pellet in left hand and raising right in benediction. Behrens 66e; Jesse 541; Scarfea, Imitazioni 749; Friedberg 1472. A few marks. Near EF. ($1000)

1274. GERMANY, Strasburg (City). AR Taler (40mm, 29.70 g, 12h). Struck early 17th century. Coat-of-arms with leonine supporters, surmounted by lis / Large lis. Engel & Lehr 439; KM 306; Davenport 5842. Toned. Good VF. ($750)

1275 1276 1275. GREECE, Kingdom. Georgios I. 1864-1913. AV 20 Drachmai (21.5mm, 6.43 g, 6h). Paris mint; différents: bee and anchor. Dated 1876 A. Bare head right / Crowned and mantled coat-of-arms. Karamitsos 163; KM 49; Friedberg 15. Toned. EF. ($500) Ex Triton XXII (8 January 2019), lot 1256; Classical Numismatic Group 81 (20 May 2009), lot 1275.

1276.

HUNGARY. Ludwig I. 1342-1382. AV Goldgulden (19mm, 3.57 g, 12h). Mm: crown. Struck 1342-1353. ornate Lily of Florence / / ⎄ / ƱɭH¨ ɃɃe⎄ / B, Saint John the Baptist standing facing, holding crosstipped scepter decorated with pellet in left hand and raising right in benediction. Lengyel 3; Huszár 512; Scarfea, Imitazioni 857; Friedberg 3. Good VF. ($750) ม Ǯɭĕɭ⎍ ዢýዢ / ʽeҟ,

276


1277. HUNGARY, Holy Roman Empire. Kingdom of Hungary. Károly III (VI). 1711-1740. AR Taler (42mm, 28.78 g, 12hh). Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz) mint. Dated 1732 KB. Laureate, cuirassed, and draped bust right; to left, small crowned coats-of-arms, to right, small crowned Holy Virgin enthroned facing, cradling Holy Infant, set on crescent / Crowned doubleheaded eagle facing with wings spread, holding sword and scepter; crowned and collared coat-of-arms on breast. Huszár 1605; Herinek 447; KM 310.1; Davenport 1060. In NGC encapsulation 5913287-004 graded MS 62. ($500)

1278. INDIA, Medieval (Southern Deccan). Kadambas of Hangal. Uncertain ruler. 12th-13th centuries AD. AV Pagoda (21.5mm, 4.17 g). Śri Hanuman seated facing, head right; conch and ankus at feet; nakara in Kannada in exergue / Floral spray within lotus border. Chattopadhyaya 136-138; Mitchiner, South I, 229; MNI 665-6; Adams IV 85. Minor roughness. VF. Śri Hanuman well struck up with some resultant ghosting on reverse. Better than the Adams specimen. ($2000)

1279. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Delhi. Qutb al-Din Mubarark. AH 716-720 / AD 1316-1320. AV Square Tanka (23x23mm, 10.99 g, 12h). Hadrat Dar al-Khilaifa (Delhi) mint. Dated AH 718 (AD 1318/19). al-imam legend / al-sultan within linear quadrate border; mint formula and AH date in outer margin. CIS D247; Rjagor Type 1046. Light toning in devices, light scuffs on reverse. Good VF. Clear mint and AH date. ($3000)

A Reign of Only One Year

1280. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Delhi. Nasir al-Din Khusru. AH 720 / AD 1320. AV Tanka (24mm, 10.94 g, 6h). Hazrat Delhi mint. Dated AH 720 (AD 1320). al-sultan legend within double linear quadrate border / Continuation of name and title with al-wāthiq formula; mint formula and AH date in outer margin. CIS D290; Rajgor Type 1064; Wright, Sultans 424. Deposits in devices, light marks. VF. Very rare. ($2000)

277


1281. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Bengal. ‘Alā’ al-Dīn Ḥusain. AH 899-925 / AD 1493-1519. AV Tanka (28mm, 10.53 g, 2h). Type 1. Khazana mint. Dated AH 899 (AD 1493). al-sulṭān legend within double linear circular border / Shahāda, mint, and AH date within double linear angled octalobe; border of sixteen floreate stars. CIS B690; Rajgor Type 490; Wright 167. Tiny edge nick at 3 o’clock. Otherwise a superb coin struck on a broad flan. EF. Extremely rare. ($10,000)

1282. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Bengal. Ghiyath al-Din ‘Iwad. Governor, AH 614-616 / AD 1217-1220. AV Fractional tanka of 40 rati (20mm, 4.61 g, 2h). Struck in the name of Shams al-Din Iltutmish, Sultan of Dehli. Uncertain mint. Dated AH 614 (AD 1217/8). Man left on horseback, holding mace; Shahada and AH date in outer margin / al-sultan al-mu’azzam/shams al-dunya wa’l din/abu’l muzaffar iltutmish al-qutbi/nasir amir al-mu’minin in four lines across field. CIS B11; cf. Rajgor Type 849 (for type). Areas of peripheral weakness, double struck. Good VF. Clear AH date. Very rare. ($7500)

1283. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Malwa. Ghiyath Shah. AH 873-906/AD 1469-1500. AV Tanka (20x19mm, 11.06 g, 3h). Square module. Date off flan. Titles of Ghiyath Shah / Continuation of titles and name of Ghiyath Shah. CIS M67; Rajgor Type 3124; Wright, Sultans 30a. Shroff mark on reverse. EF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 61 (25 September 2002).

Iconic Gemini Zodiac Rupee

1284. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Nur al-Din Muhammad Jahangir. AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. AR Rupee (20mm, 11.28 g, 10h). Zodiac Type, Class A. Kashmir (Srinagar) mint. Dated RY 15 (22 May-21 June AD 1620). Constellation of Dopatkar/Mithuna (Gemini the Twins): pair of twins embracing and kissing; radiate sun behind / jahan-firuz gasht ba Kashmir sikka zar za nur-i-nam Jahangir Shah Shah Akbar (The coin of Kashmir became world-conquering by the light of the name Jahangir Shah [son of] Shah Akbar ) in Persian verse; RY date in center. Liddle Type S-180 = ANS Inv. 1973.56.340 (same dies); BM –; IMC (Wright) 696; Hull –; KM 150.8; Zeno 145322 (same dies); Zeno 147113 (this coin). Toned, some light marks, shroff mark on reverse at RY date. VF. Twins well struck with facial details showing. Extremely rare mint and a very rare and desirable type in the zodiac series. ($15,000) Ex Spink 226 (2 December 2014), lot 692 (hammered £14,000).

278


Last Mohur of Agra Mint

1285. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Shihab al-Din Muhammad Shah Jahan. AH 1037-1068 / AD 1627-1658. AV Mohur (20mm, 10.97 g, 5h). Dar al-Khalifat Agra mint. Dually dated AH 1038 and RY ahd (31 August 1628 – 18 January/13 February 1629). Shahāda, mint formula, and AH date on floral background / Couplet citing Shah Jahan. BM –; IMC (Wright) –; Hull 1577; KM 254.1; Peus 423, lot 734 (same dies, but in later die state). Toned, traces of underlying luster. Good VF. Carefully struck and very rare, especially in this state of preservation. ($7500) In the second year of the reign of Shah Jahan (1038h) the mint name of Agra was changed to Akbarabad. This coin with the mint name of Agra on one side bears the regnal year 1 and, on the other, the date 1038h, making it the final issue before the mint name was changed. Carefully struck on a full flan from dies of fine style, it is possibly a presentation piece.

High Grade Shah Jahan Mohur

1286. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Shihab al-Din Muhammad Shah Jahan. AH 1037-1068 / AD 1627-1658. AV Mohur (20mm, 10.97 g, 1h). Akbarabad mint. Dually dated AH 1062 and RY 26 (19 January /14 February 1653 – 18 January/13 February 1654). Shahada within knotted diamond-shaped border; AH date below; oaths of Rashidun in outer margins / Name and titles of Shah Jahan; RY date below; all within quatrefoil; continuation of titles and mint in outer margin. BM –; IMC (Wright) 841 var. (date); Hull 1557 var. (same); KM 258.2; Friedberg 794. In NGC encapsulation 4768011-002, graded MS 67. A choice example with superb calligraphy. ($5000)

1287. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Muhyi al-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb Alamgir. AH 1068-1118 / AD 1658-1707. AV Mohur (26mm, 10.97 g, 6h). Dar al-Khalifat Shahjahanabad mint. Dually dated AH 1070 and RY 3 (31 July – 5 September 1660). Struck money through the world like the shining sun, Shah Aurangzeb Alamgir; AH date to lower left / Legend with regnal year and mint with epithet dar-ul-Khilafat above; flower symbol to left; RY date above sanat. BM –; IMC (Wright) 1139; Hull 1700; KM 315.42; Triton IX, lot 1723 (same dies). Minor weak strike at periphery, light scratches, test mark on edge. Near EF. Struck on a broad presentation flan. Very rare. ($3000) 279


1289 1288 1288. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Mu’izz al-Din Jahandar Shah. AH 1124 / AD 1712-1713. AV Mohur (21mm, 11.01 g, 7h). Dar al-Sarur Burhanpur mint. Dually dated AH 1124 and RY ahd (27 February/29 March AD 1712-27 January AD 1713). Persian couplet citing Jahandar Shah / Mint and RY date formulas. BM –; IMC (Wright) –; Hull 1895; KM 364.3. In NGC encapsulation, 4753719-004, graded AU 55. ($1000) Ex Dr. V.J.A. Flynn Collection.

1289. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Mu’izz al-Din Jahandar Shah. AH 1124 / AD 1712-1713. AV Mohur (21mm, 10.91 g, 6h). Dar al-Khalifat Shahjahanabad mint. Dually dated AH 1124 and RY ahd (27 February/29 March AD 1712-27 January AD 1713). Persian couplet citing Jahandar Shah / Mint and RY date formulas. BM –; IMC (Wright) –; Hull 1900-1; KM 369.5. In NGC encapsulation, 4753719-002, graded AU 58. ($1000)

A Rupee of Nikusiyar One of Only Two Coins Known for This Emperor

1290. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Nikusiyar. AH 1131/1719. AR Rupee (23mm, 10.55 g, 3h). Mustaqir al-Khalifat Akbarabad mint. Dually dated AH 1131 and RY ahd (AD 1719). dar afaq sikka zad bar sim-o-zar ba-fazl-e khuda, shah nekusiyar (On the horizons struck coin on silver and gold by the grace of the almighty shah Nikusiyar) in Persian / zarb Akbarabad mustaqir al-khalifat sanat ahd maimanat jalus manus (struck Akbarabad abode of the Caliphate year one of the accession associated with prosperity) in Persian; RY date in center. J. Lingen and Dr. M. Billoo, “The discovery of a rupee of a Mughal claimant, Nikusiyar,,” JONS 207 (Spring 2011), pp. 46-7 and fig 5 = Zeno 113836 (this coin); BM –; IMC (Wright) –; Hull –; KM –; Zeno 148616 = J. Lingen, “The Discovery of a Rupee of a Mughal Claimant, Nikusiyar, Revisited,” JONS 221 (Autumn 2014), pp. 33-4 and fig 3 (same dies). Some encrusation and light porosity, a couple of shroff marks. VF. Well struck. Of the highest rarity. Second known rupee for this emperor. ($50,000) The only other known rupee of this brief claimant to the Mughal throne sold in a Todywalla auction in Mumbai in 2018 for approximately $70,000.

280


1291. INDIA, Independent States. Mysore. Tipu Sultan. AH 1197-1202 / AD 1787-1799. AR Haidari – Double Rupee (36mm, 22.90 g, 12h). Patan (Seringapatan) mint. Triply dated RY 6, cyclic year 42, and AM 1216 (AD 1787). Couplet citing the religion of Ahmad being illumined by the victory of Haidar; mint formula, AM and cyclic year dates in lower field / Couplet citing titles of Tipu Sultan; RY date in lower field. Henderson 47 (same dies as illustration); Moin Type 2 (same dies as illustration); Taylor E, Type 8 and pl. 1, 18 (same dies as illustration); KM 127a. Toned. EF. Impressive large coin with fine calligraphy. ($2000) Ex Ken Wiggins Collection (Baldwin’s 25, 8 May 2001), lot 361.

1293 1292 1292. INDIA, Colonial. British India. Bengal Presidency. 1651-1835. AV Mohur (24mm, 12.36 g, 4h). Murshidabad (Calcutta) mint. Dually dated AH 1194 and RY 19 of Shah Alam II (AD 1780). Persian couplet citing Shah Alam II; AH date in lower field / Mint formula and RY date. Edge: plain. CEEIC 2.24; Pridmore 30; KM 94.1; cf. Friedberg 1536. In NGC encapsulation 5913287-017, graded UNC Details, obv rim filed. ($2000) Ex Numismatica Genevensis S.A. 10 (3 December 2018), lot 273.

1293. INDIA, Colonial. British India. Madras Presidency. 1652-1835. AV Mohur – Ashrafi (21mm, 11.67 g, 12h). Madras mint. Struck 1819. ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY, coat-of-arms with leonine supporters / bahadur/kampani angrez/ ashrafi in Persian in three lines. CEEIC 4.4; Pridmore 241; KM 421.1; Friedberg 1587. Toned. Good VF. ($1000)

1294. IRAN, Pahlavis. Reza Shah. AH 1344-1360 / AD 1925-1941. AV 2 Pahlavis (19mm, 6h). Tehran mint. Dated SH 1308 (AD 1929). Uniformed bust right atop wreath / Crowned legend within wreath. KM 1115; Friedberg 93. In NGC encapsulation, 2750315-011, graded MS 61. ($500)

281


ITALY, Brescia (Commune). AR Grosso (21mm, 2.07 g, 5h). Struck circa 1298-1310(?). ⎄= ⌃ʖɨǮɨNƩѝ ĕ= St. Apollonius seated facing, holding crozier in left hand and raising right in benediction / ⎄= ƩɨѝƩ˶⌃ ⎄= Ŗ⌃ѝ⎄˶ƩN=, Sts. Jovita, holding gospel in right hand and long cross in left, and Faustinus, raising right hand in benediction, standing facing. MIR 111. Atttractively toned. EF. Very rare. ($7500) 1295.

BʽƩ⎄Ʃ⌃,

Ex Numismatica Genevensis SA 10 (3 December 2018), lot 331; Nomisma S.p.a. 55 (4 April 2017), lot 608; Varesi 65 (30 october 2014), lot 300. The weight of this issue corresponds to that of the reduced Ambrosino of Milan (MIR 68), and is likely its contemporary.

1296. ITALY, Ferrara (Duchy). Ercole II d’Este. 1534-1559. AR Quarto – Testone (19mm, 9.63 g, 10h). bare head left / Horseman riding right, with flowing cloak and extended right hand. MIR 255; Bellesia, Ferrara 19/F. Toned, small scratches in field. Good VF. Rare. ($7500)

1298 1297 1297. ITALY, Florence. Republic. 1189-1532. AV Fiorino d’oro (20mm, 3.51 g, 9h). Segno: S. Filippo di Lippo Angiolieri, maestro d’oro, 2nd semester 1342. ๘ Ŗǭɭʽen˶Ʊ¥, ornate lily of Florence / / ⎄ ƱɭH¨ nne⎄ / B /, Saint John the Baptist standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter decorated with pellet in left hand and raising right in benediction. Cf. Bernocchi 1496-1502 (for type); MIR 9/30; Friedberg 276. Near EF. Well struck. ($750) 1298. ITALY, Genova. Dorino Gattilusio, Lord of Chios, Lesbos, and Phocaea. 1400-1449. AV Ducato (21mm, 3.49 g, 12h). Phocea mint. •/ĕ/•/ŝ/ɦ/⌦/Ʃ/Ŀ/• to left, ĕ/V/ᛸ and ĕɦˆƩnVS • g⍒ͿƟLVҢ • to right, S. Mark standing right and Doge kneeling left, holding banner between them / SƩ˶ • ˶ ҟPĿ • [ĕ]⍒˶ • ʠ • ˶V • ʽĿŷƩS • ƩS˶Ŀ • ĕVý⍒˶ •, Christ standing facing, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels, surrounded by mandorla containing nine stars; pellet between feet. Lunardi D3e var. (legends); Schlumberger, pl. XVI, 25; Ives, pl. XII, 2; Gamberini 367. Attractive toning. Good VF. ($1000)

282


MIR Plate Coin

1299. ITALY, Genova. Ludovico XII, king of France. Signore, 1507. AR Lira (30mm, 12.14 g, 2h). + LVDOVIC XII ი REX ი FRANCOR ი IA ი D, crowned coat-of-arms / + ḥ Ḽ COMVNITAS · IANVE ḥ I Ḽ C ḥ, cross pattée over city gate; stars flanking. MIR 156 (this coin illustrated). Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($1500)

1300 1301 1300. ITALY, Genova. Ludovico XII, king of France. Signore, 1507. AR Lira (30mm, 12.08 g, 2h). + LVDOVIC’ი XII ი REX ი FRANCOR ი IA ი D :, crowned coat-of-arms / + ḥ COMVNITAS ḥ IANVE ḥ IC ḥ, cross pattée over city gate; stars flanking. MIR 156. Toned, find patina along edge, flan flaws, a few faint marks. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) 1301. ITALY, Genova. Francesco I, king of France. Signore, 1527-1528. AR Testone (28.5mm, 9.46 g, 6h). + FRANCISCVS · DEI · F · FRANCOR · REX, city gate; crowned F to left, lis to right / + CONRADVS · REX · ROMANOR ḥ MB, city gate; crowned F to left, lis to right. MIR 178 (this coin illustrated). Toned. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 107 (12 May 2018), lot 101; Varesi 22 (9 May 1996), lot 88.

1302 1303 1302. ITALY, Milan (Duchy). Galeazzo Maria Sforza. 1466-1476. AR Testone (28mm, 9.73 g, 6h). Reform coinage. Struck 1474-1476. (mitred head of St. Ambrosius) GALEAZ · M · S F · VICECOS · DVX · MLI · QIT, armored bust right; pellet-in-annulet to left / P P · ANGLE Q3 · CO · AC · IANVE · D, helmet left, crested by dragon consuming human figure; branding irons with buckets to left and right; G3 M flanking. Crippa 6/A; MIR 201/2. Richly toned with traces of iridescence. Good VF. ($1000) 1303. ITALY, Milan (Duchy). Giovanni Galeazzo Sforza. 1476-1494. AR Testone (28mm, 9.61 g, 12h). Struck 14801494. (mitred head of St. Ambrosius) · IO GZ · M · S F · VICECOMES · DVX · MLI · SX ·, armored bust right / · (mitred head of St. Ambrosius) · LV PATRVO · · GVBNANTE, coat-of-arms surmounted by two elaborately crested helmets. Crippa 4; MIR 222. Iridescent toning. Good VF. ($1000)

283


1304. ITALY, Milan (Duchy). Lodovico Sforza. 1494-1499. AR Testone (28mm, 9.66 g, 7h). (mitred head of St. Ambrosius) LVDOVICS · M · S F · ANGLVS · DVX · MLI, armored bust right / P P · ANGLIE · Q3 · CO · AC · IANVE · D · 7C’, crowned coat-of-arms; olive branch and palm frond in crown; branding irons with buckets to left and right. Crippa 2; MIR 229. Attractive iridescent toning. EF. ($1500) Ex Hess-Divo 326 (28 May 2014), lot 438 (incorrectly described as MIR 229/2).

1305. ITALY, Milan (Duchy). Francesco II Sforza. 1521-1535. AR Testone (26mm, 9.58 g, 2h). (mitred head of St. Ambrosius) · FRANC · S F · VICECO · DVX · MLI ·, crowned coat-of-arms; palm and olive branches in crown / * · SA · AMB ROSIVS · *, St. Ambrosius seated facing, holding flail in right hand and croizier in left. Crippa 3; MIR 268. Rich cabinet toning, scratch in field. Good VF. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 115 (28 May 2019), lot 229.

1306. ITALY, Milan (Duchy). Carlo II di Spagna (Carlo VI, Sacro Romano Impero). 1706-1740. AR Ottavo di Filippo (25mm, 3.43 g, 4h). Dated 1707. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms. MIR 401/1; Crippa 4; KM –. Attractive light toning with underlying luster. In NGC encapsulation 4743298-008, graded AU 58. ($500) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

284


1307. ITALY, Naples (Kingdom). Ferdinando I (Don Ferrante). 1458-1494. AV Ducato (24mm, 3.50 g, 9h). Naples mint; Gian Carlo Tramontano, maestro di zecca. Struck 1488-1494. FERRANDVS Ḽ D Ḽ G Ḽ R S, crowned coat-of-arms / RECORDAT Ḽ MISERICO Ḽ S, crowned bust of Ferdinando I right; T to left. MIR 64/7; Pannuti-Riccio 9b; MEC 14 –; Friedberg 819. Toned. EF. ($2000)

1308. ITALY, Papal States. Clement XI. 1700-1721. AR Mezzo piastra (38mm, 16.00 g, 12h). Rome mint. Dually dated RY 6 and 1706. CLEMENS XI $ P $ M $ AN $ VI, bust right, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and mantum / LÆTIFICAT CIVITATEM, view of the Porto di Ripetta in Rome; below, four boats on tiber flanked by two river gods; in exergue, ANNO 1706 over coat-of-arms surmounted by tassled gallero and flanked by corncuopias. Muntoni 55; Berman 2390; KM 682. Toned, a few edge bumps. Good VF. ($1000)

1309. ITALY, Sardinia (Kingdom). Carlo Felice. 1821-1831. AV 80 Lire (32mm, 25.80 g, 6h). Turin mint; differenti: L in lozenge and eagle’s head. Dated 1827. Bare head left / Crowned and collared coat-of-arms within wreath. MIR 1032h; KM (C) 108.1; Friedberg 1132. Lightly toned, minor bag marks, adjustment marks on reverse. EF. ($1000)

1310. ITALY, Savoy (Duchy). Carlo I. 1482-1490. AR Testone (29mm, 9.58 g, 2h). Type I. Cornavin (Geneva) mint. + kAROLVS · D · SABAVDIE · MAR · ITV · G · G ·, armored and draped bust right, wearing cap and holding sword over right shoulder / + XPS · VINCIT · XPS · REGNΛT · XPS · INPER’·, coat-of-arms; knot above, fe rt flanking; all within quadrilobe. MIR 227c. Toned. Near EF. Well struck on good metal. ($2000) Ex Ranieri 13 (10 November 2018), lot 892.

285


1311. ITALY, Tuscany (Grand duchy). Cosimo III de Medici. 1670-1723. AR Testone (32mm, 8.93 g, 6h). Firenze (Florence) mint. Dated 1676. Armored bust right / St. John the Baptist seated left, holding long cross and raising hand in benediction; lamb and 1676 below. MIR 332/2; KM –. Lightly toned. Superb EF. Well struck. ($1500)

1312. ITALY, Tuscany (Grand duchy). Leopoldo II. 1824-1848. AV Ruspone (27mm, 10.47 g, 6h). Firenze (Florence) mint; differenti: N and flask. Dated 1836. Ornate lily of Florence / St. John the Baptist seated left on rocks, raising hand and holding long cross. MIR 444/5; KM (C) 77; Friedberg 344 (Florence). In NGC encapsulation 5913284-002 graded MS 63. ($3000)

1313 1314 1313. ITALY, Venice. Leonardo Donato. 1606-1612. AR Ducato – 124 Soldi (41mm, 27.93 g, 4h). ḥ S : M : VENET : LEON : DONAT : ḥ ḥ DVX ḥ, Lion of St. Mark standing right, resting paw on gospel and presenting cross-tipped banner to Doge kneeling left / ḥ MEMOR $ TVI $ IVSTINA $ VIRC ḥ, St. Justina standing left, sword stuck in her chest, holding palm frond and book; galleys at sea behind. Paolucci 21; Davenport 4232 = KM (DAV) 4232. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) 1314. LOW COUNTRIES, Flanders (County). Lodewijk II van Male. 1346-1384. AV Gouden schild – Chaise d’or (30mm, 4.43 g, 4h). Gand (Ghent) mint or Mechelen (Malines) mint. Struck 1370/2-1384. ๘ LVdɠVƩýVS Ḻ ēĿƪ ᚤ ᚤ ŷra ᚤ ᚤ ýɠM= ᚤ ⎛ Ḻ ēNS Ḻ FLaNd=, Lodewijk enthroned facing, holding sword and resting hand on coat-of-arms; all within tressure of eight arcs, with trefoils in spandrels / ๘ XPý Ḽ VƩɃýI˶ Ḽ XPý Ḽ rĿŷɃa˶ Ḽ XPý Ḽ IɃPĿra˶, ornate cross fleurée in ornate quadrilobe; rosettes in spandrels. Elsen 38; Delmonte, Or 466; De Mey, Flanders 205; Friedberg 163. Good VF. Well struck. ($1500)

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1315. MEXICO, First Empire. Agustín de Iturbide. 1822-1823. AV 8 Escudos (36.5mm, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1822 Mo JM. Bare head right / Crowned eagle standing facing on cactus, head right, wings spread. BW 168.1; Calicó 1888; KM 313.1; Friedberg 59. In PCGS encapsulation 3583810, graded AU 55. ($7500)

Rare ‘Hookneck’ 8 Escudos

1316. MEXICO, First Republic. 1823-1863. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 25.95 g, 12h). ‘Hookneck’ type. Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1823 Mo JM. Eagle standing left on cactus, grasping snake in beak and right talon; all atop laurel and oak wreath / Liberty cap with glory of rays in background. Hubbard & O’Harrow type I; BW 212.9H; Calicó 2148; KM 382.1; Friedberg 63. Lightly toned, lustrous, minimal circulation and adjustment marks. Choice EF. Rare. The only year of issue for the popular Hookneck type in gold. ($10,000)

1317. PERU, Colonial. Fernando VII. King of Spain, 1808-1833. AV 8 Escudos (27mm, 26.99 g, 12h). Lima mint. Dated 1809 (LIMÆ) JP. Cuirassed and draped bust right / Crowned and collared coat-of-arms. Calicó 1389; KM 107; Friedberg. In NGC encapsulation 5912426-001, graded AU 58. ($1500) Ex Philip H. Ward, Jr. Collection (Stack’s, 30 April 1964), lot 414.

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Impressive 10 Dukaty Danzig City View

1318. POLAND, Monarchy. Jan II Kazimierz. 1648-1668. AV 10 Dukaty (47.5mm, 34.81 g, 12h). Gdańsk (Danzig) mint; Gerard Rogge, mintmaster. Dated 1650 G R. IOAN CASIM : D : G : REX POL ET SUEC : M : DUX : L : RUS : PRUS :, crowned, armored, and collared bust right, wearing ruff / REGIA CIVITAS GEDANENSIS FIERI FECIT., view of city of Gdansk (Danzig) with scenes of immediate countryside; above, radiate tetragrammaton with four arms emerging from clouds: arm to left holding olive branch; arm to right holding sword and scales; below, two arms with hands clasped together in prayer; in exergue, royal coat-of-arms with leonine supporters; date and G R (mintmaster’s initials) flanking. D&S, Gedanensis, 353; MD D50a; Czapski 1925; Kopicki –; Gumowski –; KM 52; cf. Friedberg 26 (unlisted date). EF, minor scratches and edge marks. Extremely Rare. ($100,000) 288


1319. PORTUGAL, Kingdom. Sancho I ‘the Populator’. 1185-1211. AV Morabitino (29mm, 3.80 g, 2h). Coimbra mint. Struck circa 1185-1188. ๘ ⎄©⎴⍛⌥ќ⎄ ʼዒᛸ ዩያɭ⎉ќዠ©ዥ⌥⎄ მ, stylized figure of Sancho, holding sword aloft in right hand, charging right on warhorse; pellet to left / ๘ ⌥H Hዞ ዩ⎉⌥⌥⎄ 7ዟ⌥ዥ⌥⌥ ⎄ዩ⎄ ⎄⍛⌥©, cross of pointed shields; 7 pointed stars in angles. Gomes 05.01; Vaz S1.03; MEC 6, 868 var. (legends); Friedberg 1. Lightly toned. EF. Well struck. The first gold coin of the Kingdom of Portugal. ($15,000)

1320. RUSSIA, Empire. Petr I Alexeyevich Velikiy (Peter the Great). 1682-1725. AR Rouble (40mm, 28.56 g, 12h). Kadashevsky (Moscow) mint. Dated 1721 (in OCS numerals). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Crowned doubleheaded eagle with wings spread, holding scepter and globus cruciger. Diakov 2.27; Bitkin 484; Uzdenikov 0599; KM 157.5. In NGC encapsulation 5913284-011 graded XF 45. ($1000)

1321 1322 1321. RUSSIA, Empire. Nikolai I Pavlovich. 1825-1855. AV 5 Roubles (23mm, 6.53 g, 12h). Sankt-Peterburg (St. Petersburg) mint. Dated 1854 CПБ AΓ. Crowned double-headed eagle facing with wings spread, holding scepter and globus cruciger, collared coat-of-arms on breast and coats-of-arms on wings / Denomination and date. Bitkin 37; Uzdenikov 0236; KM (C) 175.3; Friedberg 155. In NGC encapsulation 5913284-005 graded AU 58. ($1000) 1322. SERBIA. Stefan Uros II Milutin(?). King, 1282-1321. AR Dinar (20mm, 1.31 g, 5h). Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / Stefan(?) and St. Stefan standing facing, holding patriarchal cross between them; quatrefoils of pellets flanking. Cf. Jovanovic 6-9; cf. Dimišrijević 31-36; cf. D&D 3.1.2 (all for type naming Stefan), otherwise unpublished. EF. Extremely rare. ($1000) The style of this interesting anepigraphic issue most closely aligns with a group of dinars in the name of Stefan Uros II Militun, though similar types were issued under Stefan Uros IV Dusan and later.

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1323. SERBIA. Nikola Altomanović. Župan, 1363-1373. AR Dinar (18mm, 0.83 g, 4h). Struck after 1371(?). Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; IC +C across upper field / ВЬХA/ БAБЛАГО/ ВЕРNHЖ/ ЮПANЬ/ HNKO. Jovanovic 23.1 var. (rev. legend); Dimišrijević 3 (same rev. die as illustration); D&D 22.1.1. Toned. Good VF. Well struck. Extremely rare and apparently the only example to appear at market since the sale of the Wilhelm Albrecht, Prince of Montenuovo Collection (Adolph Hess, 1886, lot 3439). ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 446 (19 June 2019), lot 574. Nikola Altomanovic was a zupan, or chieftain, who ruled in what is today Serbia, from the northern border with the Kingdom of Hungary to the Adriatic Coast near the Republic of Dubrovnik. He was defeated by a coalition of Serbian and Bosnian noblemen, with support from the King of Hungary.

1324. SWEDEN. Fredrik I. 1720–1751. CU Half Daler Plate (88x81mm, 357.3 g). Avesta mint. Dated 1733. Center stamp: ½ / DALER/ SILF : MYNT over crossed arrows. Four stamps in corners: Crowned FRS over 1733. Tingström, Plate p. 308, stamps A/14; KM PM65. Brown patina, edge split on one corner. VF. Clear stamps. ($750) From the WIlliam H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Stack’s Bowers Galleries (8 January 2016), lot 40072.

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Further Selections From The Princeps Collection of Transylvania

1325. TRANSYLVANIA, Eastern Hungarian Kingdom. Ferenc I. As King, 1540/1551-1556. AR Taler Klippe (29x36mm, 21.20 g). First Austrian-Turkish War issue. Dated 1552, though a later strike. Eagle facing, with wings spread, coat-of-arms on breast; above, * F * R * V * within tablet; below, 5 2 flanking crossed swords; all within square incuse stamp on rectangular flan / Blank. Resch 9; MBR 56; Davenport p. 281; cf. Maillet 2-3 (Hungary). Toned. Good VF. Very rare – none in CoinArchives. ($1000) From the Princeps Collection.

1326. TRANSYLVANIA, Eastern Hungarian Kingdom. János II Zsigmond Szapolyai. As King, 1559-1570. AR Necessity Taler – Feldthaler (37mm, 28.98 g). First Székely Uprising issue. Dated 1562. Coat-of-arms depicting half-length wolf rampant left, crescent and sun, and 15 6Z flanking; above, · I · E · R · V · within tablet / Blank. Resch 22; MBR 192; Davenport 8795; Maillet 4 (Hungary). Coat-of-arms rotated and double struck. EF. Rare. ($3000) From the Princeps Collection. Ex Sincona 18 (22 May 2014), lot 3974.

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1327

1328

1327. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Kristóf Báthory. 1575-1581. AV 10 Dukát (41.5mm, 35.06 g, 4h). Dated 1577. * CHR * BATH * DE * SOM * WAIVODA * TRANSILVA * ET * SIC * COMES * Z, crowned coat-of-arms with angelic supporters / ** ANNO * DOMINI * MILESIMO * QVINGENTESIMO * SEPTVAG * SEPTIMO *, (rosette) VIRTVS/ VNITA (rosette)/ (rosette) VALET (rosette); floral sprays above and below. Resch 2; MBR 295; Friedberg 279; Künker 264, lot 3366 (same dies). Light golden toning, scattered marks, mount marks. VF. ($20,000) From the Princeps Collection.

1328. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. István Bocskai. 1604-1606. AV 10 Dukát (40.5mm, 35.27 g, 1h). Nagybánya (Frauenbach / Baia Mare) mint (?). Dated 1605. * STE : BOCHKAY · D : G : HVNGA : TRAN : Q3 : PRIN : ET · SICV : COMES, armored bust right wearing short fur cap / * DVLCE · EST · PRO · PATRIA · MORI · 1 : 6 : 0 : 5 ·, armored arm emerging from clouds, holding sword with intertwined banner reading PRO · DEO/ ET · PATRIA. Resch 3; MBR 650; KM 19; Friedberg 305; Adams III 2675 (same dies). Toned. EF. ($50,000) From the Princeps Collection.

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1329. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Gábor Bethlen. 1613-1629. AR Gulden (33mm, 10h). Kassa (Kaschau / Košice) mint. Dated 1628 CC. + GABR + D : G + SA + R + IMP + ET + TRANS + PRINCEPS + (double cross stop), armored half-length bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder; coat-of-arms below / · PAR · RE · HVN · DNS · SICO · OP · RATIB · DVX · 16:28 ·, crowned coat-of-arms; C C flanking. Resch 487; MBR 1886 corr. (denomination); KM 198. In NGC encapsulation 4327606-002, graded XF 40. Toned. Rare. ($4000) From the Princeps Collection.

1330. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Ákos Barcsay. 1658-1660. AR Taler (43mm, 27.58 g, 12h). Nagyszeben (Hermannstadt / Sibiu) mint. Dated 1660 CB. ACHATIVS · BARCSAI · D · G · P · T · P ·RH · D · SC ·, crowned coat-of-arms / DE · PROFVNDIS · CLAMAMVS · AD · TE · DOMI(NE), angel’s face above * SERVA */ NOS QVIA/ PERIMVS; below, crowned roots with 16 60 and C B flanking. Resch 28; MBR 2262; KM 330.3; Davenport 4764. Toned, spot of weak strike on reverse. VF. Very rare. ($7500) From the Princeps Collection. Ex UBS 73 (5 September 2007), lot 3578.

1331. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AV 10 Dukát (42mm, 34.59 g, 12h). Nagyszeben (Hermannstadt / Sibiu) mint; mm: crowned crossed daggers. Dated 1662, though probably a later strike. Ⴅ MICHA · APAFI · Ⴅ D · G · PR · TR ·, half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather; floral spray below / Ⴅ PAR · REG · HVN · D · · (TE) SICV · CO · 1662 ·, crowned coat-of-arms; crowned crossed daggers below. Resch 3; MBR 2306; KM 371; Friedberg 460. Light scratches, flan flaw behind bust, faint mount marks. VF. ($20,000) From the Princeps Collection. Ex Nudelman 15 (27 September 2015), lot 283.

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1332. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AV Dukát Klippe (23.5mm, 3.35 g, 12h). Fogaras (Fogarasch / Făgăraș) mint. Dated 1689 AF. MICH · APAFI D · G · P · TRAN, half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather / PAR · REG · HVNGA · DO · & · SICVLOR · COM · 1689, crowned coat-of-arms; AF below. Resch 278; MBR 2658; KM 485; Friedberg 446. Wavy flan, removed from mount, internal crack repaired. VF. ($5000) From the Princeps Collection. Ex Emporium Hamburg 69 (4 April 2013), lot 936 (since repaired).

1333. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AR 3 Taleri Klippe (52mm, 85.7 g, 12h). Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1678 AI, though a later restrike. MICH : APAFI · D : G : PRIN : TR · (rosette and double rosette stops), half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather / PAR : REG : HUN : Do ET : SIC : CO(ME)S · 1678, crowned coat-of-arms; AI below. Resch –; MBR –; KM –; Davenport –; cf. Tibor Racz Collection (Rauch, 2 October 2010), lot 468 (for 2 Taleri; same dies). Lightly toned. Choice EF. ($7500) From the Princeps Collection.

1334. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AR 2 Taleri Klippe (51mm, 57.46 g, 12h). Brassó (Kronstadt / Brașov) mint; mm: crowned tree roots. Dated 1667, though a later restrike. * MIC · APA · D : G (floral spray) * PRIN · TRAN *, half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather / * PAR · REG · HV · DO * (crowned tree roots) * ET · SIC : CO · 1667 *, crowned coat-of-arms flanked by floral sprays. Resch 57B; MBR 2378; KM 379; Davenport 4784. Toned, slightly rough, die flaw on obverse. VF. ($2000) From the Princeps Collection. Ex Meister & Sontag 17 (3 June 2013), lot 1078.

294


Two From the Same Dies

1335

1336 1335. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AR Taler Klippe (47mm, 28.97 g, 12h). Fogaras (Fogarasch / Făgăraș) mint. Dated 1668 AF, though a later restrike. MICHAEL · APAFI · G · PRIN · TRAN, half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather; floral spray above / PAR · REG · HVN · DOM · ET · SI · CO · 1668 Ⴅ, crowned coat-of-arms; A F flanking. Cf. Resch (for 2 Taler); MBR 2406a; cf. KM A403 (same; same dies as illustration); Davenport –. Toned. Choice EF. Same dies as the following lot. Rare. ($10,000) From the Princeps Collection.

1336. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AR 4 Taleri (44.5mm, 114.5 g, 12h). Fogaras (Fogarasch / Făgăraș) mint. Dated 1668 AF, though a later restrike. MICHAEL · APAFI · G · PRIN · TRAN, half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather; floral spray above / PAR · REG · HVN · DOM · ET · SI · CO · 1668 Ⴅ, crowned coat-of-arms; A F flanking. Cf. Resch 69A (for 10 Dukát); cf. MBR 2397 (same); cf. KM A403 (same; same dies as illustration); Davenport –. Choice EF. Same dies as the previous lot. Very rare. ($30,000) From the Princeps Collection.

295


1337. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AR 3 Taleri (42mm, 84.4 g, 12h). Nagyszeben (Hermannstadt / Sibiu) mint; mm: crowned crossed daggers. Dated 1662, though a later restrike. Ⴅ MICHA · APAFI · Ⴅ D · G · PR · TR ·, half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather; floral spray below / Ⴅ PAR · REG · HVN · D · · (TE) SICV · CO · 1662 ·, crowned coat-of-arms; crowned crossed daggers below. Resch –; MBR –; KM –; Davenport –. Lightly toned. Choice EF. Very rare. ($5000) From the Princeps Collection.

1338. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AR Taler (44mm, 28.97 g, 12h). Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1681 AI. MICHAEL * APAFI * DEI * GRATIA * PRINC : TRANS :, half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather / PAR : REG : HVNGARIÆ DO : ET : SI COMES 1681, crowned coat-of-arms; AI below. Resch 242; MBR 2614; KM 492; Davenport 4820. Toned, mark before bust. EF. ($5000) From the Princeps Collection.

1339. TRANSYLVANIA, Principality. Mihály Apafi I. 1662-1690. AR Gulden (41mm, 14.49 g, 12h). Nagyszeben (Hermannstadt / Sibiu) mint; mm: crowned crossed daggers. Dated 1662. Ⴅ MICHA · APAFI · Ⴅ D · G · PR · TR ·, half-length armored bust right, holding scepter over right shoulder and resting left hand on hilt of sword, wearing short brimmed fur cap with feather; floral spray below / Ⴅ PAR · REG · HVN · D · · (TE) SICV · CO · 1662 ·, crowned coat-of-arms; crowned crossed daggers below. Resch 9A; MBR 2316; KM 360. Toned. Choice EF. Rare. ($5000) From the Princeps Collection.

296


1340. TRANSYLVANIA, Holy Roman Empire. Principality. Károly VI. 1711-1740. AV Dukát (21mm, 3.47 g, 12h). Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1722. CAR · VI · D · G · R · I · S · A G · HI · H · B · REX, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ARCHI · AV · D · BVR · PRIINC · TRANSYL · 1722, crowned double-headed eagle facing, wings spread, holding sword and scepter, crowned coat-of-arms within collar on breast. Resch –; MBR 2817; KM 574 (unlisted date); Friedberg 520. In NGC encapsulation 2700687-002, graded AU Details, edge damage. Rare date. ($2000) From the Princeps Collection.

1341. TRANSYLVANIA, Holy Roman Empire. Grand Principality. Ferenc I. Emperor, 1745-1765. AV 5 Dukát (42mm, 3.49 g, 12h). Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1753 CA. FRANC · D · G · RO · I · S · A · GE · IER · R · LO · B · M · H · D ·, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / TIN TE DOMINE SPERAVI · 1753 · X, crowned doubleheaded eagle facing, wings spread, holding sword and scepter, crowned coat-of-arms within collar on breast; C A flanking. Herinek –; MBR –; KM –; Friedberg –. Cleaned, removed from mount. Near EF. Apparently unpublished. ($20,000) From the Princeps Collection.

Missing From Most Collections

1342. TRANSYLVANIA, Holy Roman Empire. Grand Principality. József II. 1765-1790. AV 3 Dukát (33mm, 10.37 g, 12h). Uniform series. Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1776 E HG. IOS · II · D · G · R · I · S · A · GER · IER · REX ·, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; E · below / VIRTUTE ET EXEMPLO · 1776 ·, crowned double-headed eagle facing, holding sword and scepter; crowned coat-of-arms on breast; H · G · flanking tail. MBR –; KM 1868 (Austria); Friedberg 190 (Hungary). Obverse fields smoothed, possibly once in jewelry. Good VF. Very rare. ($20,000) From the Princeps Collection.

297


Exceptional 3 Dukát

1343. TRANSYLVANIA, Holy Roman Empire. Grand Principality. József II. 1765-1790. AV 3 Dukát (34mm, 10.48 g, 12h). Uniform series. Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1778 E HS. IOSEPHUS · II · D · G · R · I · S · A · GER · IER · REX ·, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; E · below / VIRTUTE ET EXEMPLO · 1778 ·, crowned double-headed eagle facing, holding sword and scepter; crowned coat-of-arms on breast; 3 in oval below; H · S · flanking tail. MBR –; KM 1868 (Austria); Friedberg 190 (Hungary). In PCGS encapsulation 40735157 graded MS 62. Very rare. ($100,000) From the Princeps Collection. Ex Nudelman 15 (27 September 2015), lot 586 (hammer €150000).

298


1344. TRANSYLVANIA, Austrian Empire. Grand Principality. Ferenc I. 1806-1835. AR Taler (38mm, 12h). Uniform series. Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1833 E. FRANCISCVS I · D · G · AVSTRIAE IMPERATOR ·, laureate head right; E below / HVN · BOH · LOM · ET VEN · GAL · LOD · IL · REX · A · A · 1833 ·, crowned double-headed eagle facing, holding sword and scepter; crowned and collared coat-of-arms on breast. MBR 3439; KM 2165 (Austria); Davenport 11 (Austria). In NGC encapsulation 4327610-002, graded AU 58. Toned. Rare. ($2000) From the Princeps Collection. Ex Westfälische Auktionsgesellschaft 51 (21 September 2009), lot 2201 (hammer €2400).

1345. TRANSYLVANIA, Austrian Empire. Grand Principality. Ferenc I. 1806-1835. AR ½ Taler (34mm, 12h). Uniform series. Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1830 E. FRANCISCVS I · D · G · AVSTRIAE IMPERATOR ·, laureate head right; E below / HVN · BOH · LOM · ET VEN · GAL · LOD · IL · REX · A · A · 1830 ·, crowned double-headed eagle facing, holding sword and scepter; crowned and collared coat-of-arms on breast. MBR –; KM 2154 (Austria). In NGC encapsulation 4327608-010, graded XF Details, tooled. Toned. Rare. ($500) From the Princeps Collection.

1346. TRANSYLVANIA, Austrian Empire. Grand Principality. Ferenc József. 1848-1867. CU 4 Krajcár (25mm, 12h). Gyulafehérvár (Karslburg / Alba Iulia) mint. Dated 1860 E. K · K · OESTERREICHISCHE SCHEIDEMÜNZE, crowned double-headed eagle facing, holding sword and scepter; collared coat-of-arms on breast / 4/ 1860/ E within wreath. MBR 3542; KM 2194 (Austria). In NGC encapsulation, 4327610-010 graded MS 64 BN. ($2000) From the Princeps Collection.

299


WORLD MEDALS

1347. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Maximilian I, with Maria von Burgund. As Duke and Duchess of Burgundy, 1477-1482. Gilt AR Medal – Hochzeitsguldiner (43mm, 31.34 g, 2h). On their marriage. Hall mint. By Ulrich Ursentaler. Dated 1479 (though struck after 1511). ḥ MAXIMILIAN’ • MAGNANIM’ • ARCHIDVX • AVSTRIE • BVRGVND, laureate and mantled bust of Maximilian right; ETA TIS ·19· across field / ḥ MARIA • KAROLI • FILIA • HERES • BVRGVND • BRAB • CONIVGES, draped bust of Maria right; ·ETAT IS ·20· across field. Winter 37a/1-2; Moser & Tursky 83. Lightly chased as usual. VF. Rare. ($5000) Ex V.L. Nummus 12 (15 September 2019), lot 246. The union of Maria, the daughter of Charles the Bold and Duchess of Burgundy, with Maximilian, the son of the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick III, and future Holy Roman Emperor himself, was the result of much political intrigue and resulted in the establishment of the Habsburgs as the preeminent political family in Europe. The untimely death of Charles the Bold in early 1477 left his ninteen-year-old daughter, Maria, the heiress of the sizable and far-reaching Duchy of Burgundy. Hoping to make inroads into the Burgundian Netherlands, Louis XI of France claimed the entire duchy on the grounds of the old Salic Law, which excluded females from the inheritance of a throne or fief. He proposed that Maria be betrothed to the Dauphin, an arrangement which Maria rejected. Advised by her step-mother, Margaret of York, the sister of both Edward IV and Richard III, Maria appealed to the Netherlands for assistance. In return, she was compelled to grant a number of concessions. Following her “Joyous Entry” into Ghent in February 1477, Maria signed the Great Privilege, a document laying out these concessions and one of the first steps on the road to Dutch independence. In the meantime, the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick III, had begun proposing his son, Maximilian, as a possible suitor. Not wanting to ally herself with the French, Maria accepted Maximilian as her choice, marrying him in August 1477. Maximilian proved an effective husband and political ally. He stabilized the situation in the Netherlands, creating a bond between the Habsburgs and the populace. In addition, the son of Maximilian and Maria, Philip the Handsome, would marry Juana, the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain. Their son, Charles (who was born in Ghent), would succeed Ferdinand as King of Spain in 1506, and Maximilian in 1519 as Holy Roman Emperor.

1348. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Cast AV Medal (50mm, 18.36 g, 12h). Maximilian I (Holy Roman Emperor, 1508-1519). “Judenmedaille” type. Prague mint. Dated 1486 (in Roman numerals), but struck early 17th century. Ḧ ⍴ªҞƱ⍴ / Ʊ / ŖʽƱĕ / ƱƱƱ / ŖƱǭ / ĚǭĚýͿ / ʽɭ⍴ / Ʊ⍴ʁ / ªNN / ⍴ / ýýýý / ǭҞҞҞчƱ/ Ʊ⍴ʁĚʽ / ýɭNĕƱͿɭʽ / ƱчĕƱýƱ / ýª⍴Ěʽ /, crowned and mantled of bust of Maximilian I right, holding scepter in right hand and feather in left / Ⴘ ⍴ªʽƱª Ḧ ýªʽ Ḧ Ïчʽg Ḧ ĕчý Ḧ ŖƱǭƱª Ḧ чNƱý Ḧ Ʊ⍴ʁĚʽªͿɭʽ Ḧ чҞɭʽ, crowned bust of Mary of Burgundy left. Winter 3.8/1; cf. Bernhart 9; cf. Klein B 9; (for example in silver). Minor edge marks, fields lightly chased as usual. Good VF. Very rare. ($5000) Ex Künker 310 (21 June 2018), lot 6267.

300


1349

1350 1349. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Cast AV Medal (55.5mm, 22.93 g, 12h). Louis XII of France (1498-1515) and Anne of Brittany. “Judenmedaille” type. Prague mint. Struck early 17th century. ส ǭчĕɭчƱýɭ / ҞƱƱ / ʽĚgNªNͿĚ / ýªĚSĚʽĚ / ªǭͿĚʽɭ / gªчĕĚͿ / ɭ⍴NƱS / NªͿƱɭ, crowned and mantled bust of Louis right, wearing tricorne hat and Collar of the Order of Saint-Michel / ส ªNNª / ʽĚgƱNª / Hªý / чƱчĚNͿĚ / ɭ⍴NƱS / ǭªĚͿªÏªͿчʽ / ͿĚʽʽª, crowned, veiled, and mantled bust of Anne left. Winter 3.14; cf. Bernhart 15; cf. Klein B 15. Fields lightly chased as usual. EF. Rare. ($5000) Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 832.

1350. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Cast AV Medal (52mm, 19.62 g, 12h). Elisabeth von Thüringen (1207-1231). “Judenmedaille” type. Prague mint. Dated 1231 (in Roman numerals), but struck early 17th century. ĿLƩS£BĿ˶£ / ōƩLƩ£ / £ɀĕˆ / rĿŷ / чɀŷ£ˆ / ɭBƩ˶ / ȶ£rB / £ɀ ȶææҢҢҢƩ ), crowned and veiled bust of St. Elizabeth of Hungary facing slightly left within tressure of seventeen arches; each arch ending in triple pellets; annulets in spandrels / ส ĕƩSPĿrSƩ˶ / ĕĿĕƩ˶ / P£чP Ḧ ƩчS˶ Ḧ ĿƩчS / ȶ£ɀĿ˶ / Ʃɀ / SĿæчL Ḧ SĿæчLƩ, view of the Elizabethkirche in Marburg within tressure of seventeen arches; each arch ending in triple pellets; annulets in spandrels. Winter 3.17/1; cf. Bernhart 21; cf. Klein B 21 (for example in silver). Toned, removed from a mount, fields chased as usual. VF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Dr. Lawrence A. Adams Collection (Part I, Classical Numismatic Group 100, 7 October 2015), lot 1109; Abe Kosoff Collection (Bowers & Merena, 5 November 1985), lot 5018. The large series of pseudo-medieval medals, long known as ‘Judenmedaille’ from their supposed manufacture by Jewish minters in Prague, were actually part of a very carefully thought out series designed to glorify the ancestors of the House of Hapsburg. They appear in different metals, primarily in silver with gold ones being particularly rare. This one bears a portrait of St. Elizabeth of Hungary (1207-1231) who had been the wife of Ludwig IV of Thuringia; on the reverse is the great church of St. Elizabeth in Marburg, which began to be built in 1235 when Elizabeth was canonized. It was consecrated in 1283 but the towers were only finished in 1340. It is one of the earliest Gothic churches in Germany and was a model both for the cathedral of Cologne and for St. Paul’s Church in Strasbourg.

301


1351. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Cast Æ Medal (49mm, 11.67 g, 12h). Elisabeth von Thüringen (1207-1231). “Judenmedaille” type. Prague mint. Dated 1231 (in Roman numerals), but struck early 17th century. ĿLƩS£BĿ˶£ / ōƩLƩ£ / £ɀĕˆ / rĿŷ / чɀŷ£ˆ / ɭBƩ˶ / ȶ£rB / £ɀ ȶææҢҢҢƩ ), crowned and veiled bust of St. Elizabeth of Hungary facing slightly left within tressure of seventeen arches; each arch ending in triple pellets; annulets in spandrels / ส ĕƩSPĿrSƩ˶ / ĕĿĕƩ˶ / P£чP Ḧ ƩчS˶ Ḧ ĿƩчS / ȶ£ɀĿ˶ / Ʃɀ / SĿæчL Ḧ SĿæчLƩ, view of the Elizabethkirche in Marburg within tressure of seventeen arches; each arch ending in triple pellets; annulets in spandrels. Cf. Winter 3.17/2; cf. Bernhart 21; cf. Klein B 21; (all refs. for example in silver). Brown surfaces. Good VF. Rare. ($1500)

1352. ETHIOPIA, Ethiopian Empire. Ras Tafari Makonnen (Haile Selassie). 1916-1930. Matte Proof AR Medal (40mm, 29.94 g, 11h). Visit to the Paris Mint. Paris mint. Dated EE 1892 (AD 1899) and 19 May 1924. Crowned bust of Menelik II right; inscription in Ahmaric around / S. A. I. & R./ LE PRINCE TAFFARI/ HÉRITIER DE LA COURONNE/ ET/ RÉGENT DE L’EMPIRE D’ÉTHIOPIE/ VISITE LA MONNAIE/ LE 19 MAI 1924. Gill RT-A9. In NGC encapsulation graded PF 61 Matte. Rare. ($1000)

1353. FRANCE, Third Republic. 1870-1940. AV Medal (51mm, 83.89 g, 12h). Exposition universelle de 1878 – First Prize Awarded to Providence Tool Company (later Rhode Island Tool Company). By J.C. Chaplain. Dated 1878. AGW: 2.4276 oz. REPUBLIQUE ★ FRANÇAISE, laureate and draped bust of Marianne left, wearing pearl necklace; J.C. CHAPLAIN below / EXPOSITION UNIVERSELL E INTERNATIONALE DE 1878, Victory, veil billowing behind, left above the exposition, head right, holding wreath in raised right hand and clarion in left; radiate star above; below, cherub alighting right, head left, holding aloft tablet inscribed PROVIDENCE/TOOL CỌ in two lines. Edge: (bee) OR. Maier 65; PBE 48; BDM I, 402; Jones, Art of the Medal, 313. Minor hairlines. Choice EF. Prize winner’s name struck with special die inserted into main die. Very rare with American winner. ($4000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Triton XXIII (14 January 2020), lot 1071.

302


1354. HUNGARY, Osztrák–Magyar Monarchia (Austro-Hungarian Empire). temp. Ferenc József. 1867-1916. AV Medal (33mm, 17.49 g, 12h). Semicentennial of the Sibiu (Hermannstadt / Nagyszeben) Theater. Vienna mint. By C. Radnitzki. Triply dated 1821, 1865, and 15 March 1871. MAGYAR · NEMZETI SZINHÁZ · 1821 – 1871, façade of the theater / A KOLOZSVÁRİ/ ORSZÁGOS/ MAGYAR MEZETİ SZİINHÁZ/ MEGNYİTÁSÁNAK/ FÉLSZÁDOS ÉVFORDULÓJA/ ÖRÖM¨NNEPÉRE/ MARTİUS (XV) - KÉN/ MDCCCLXXI. Resch 270. Hairlines. EF. ($5000) From the Princeps Collection. Ex Westfälische Auktionsgesellschaft 74 (23 November 2015), lot 2131.

1355. IRAN, Pahlavis. Muhammad Reza Shah. AH 1360-1398 / AD 1941-1979. AV Medal (49mm, 99.42 g, 12h). The Support of the Shah and Shahbanu in the Promotion of Rural Handicrafts and the Development of Agriculture. Rome mint. Dies by S. Giandomenico. Struck 1972. FAO ROME CERES, head of Farah Diba Pahlavi, Shahbanu (Empress) of Iran, facing slightly right, wearing grain-ear accouterments; FARAH/ PAHLAVI to left; legend in Persian to right / Persian rug motif; below, WHO WORKS THE SOILS SINGS NATURE’S LEGEND, legend in Persian above. See Goldberg 72, lot 5005 for another example of the same size. EF. ($6000)

1356. IRAN, Pahlavis. Muhammad Reza Shah. AH 1360-1398 / AD 1941-1979. Proof AV Medal (44mm, 49.87 g, 12h). Dated SH 1350 (AD 1971). Four coins and three stamps in pile / Five coins in pile. Proof. ($2500) 303


1357. ITALY, Rimini (Lordship). Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta. 1417-1468. Cast Æ Medal (79mm, 153.2 g, 12h). After Matteo de Pastia. Dated 1446 (in Roman numerals, though a later cast). SIGISMVNDVS PANDVLFVS · MALATESTA · PAN · F · POLIORCITES · ET · IMP · SEMPER · INVICT ·, laureate and armored bust left / CASTELLVM · SISMVDVM · ARIMINENSE · M · CCCC · XLVI ·, view of the castle at Rimini. Pollard 29; Hill 186. Brown and green patina. VF. ($1500)

1358. UNITED STATES. AV Medal (46mm, ~64 g, 12h). The Treaty of Paris and American Independence. Paris mint. By Dupré. Dated 4 July 1776, 17 October 1777, and 19 October 1781. Restrike issued in 2000. LIBERTAS · AMERICANA ·, head of liberty left; liberty cap on pole over right shoulder; in exergue, 4 JUIL · 1776 · / NON SINE DIIS ANIMOSUS INFANS · (The infant is not bold without divine aid), infant United States seated left in cradle, holding two serpents (representing the battles of Saratoga and Yorktown), and being protected by France standing right, holding spear and shield, from lion leaping left; in exergue, 17 OCT · 1777 ·/ 19 1781 ·. For original: Betts 615. Proof. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 390/500. ($2500)

304


BRITISH COINAGE

1359. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Uninscribed. Circa 50-30 BC. AV Stater (16mm, 5.56 g). Late Whaddon Chase type (Trinovantian F). Traces of crossed wreaths / Celticized horse right; ‘wing’ with beaded tail above; star to right, pellet sun in ring of pellets below. Van Arsdell 1502-1; ABC 2344; SCBC 33. Toned, a few light marks, well centered. EF. Very rare. ($2000) Compare Spink 232, lot 259; a coin of similar quality which hammered for £3000.

1360. CELTIC, Atrebates & Regni. Uninscribed. Circa 50-40 BC. AV Stater (16mm, 5.71 g, 9h). Climping type. Devolved head of Apollo with floral scepter bisecting laurel; wings flanking scepter head, crescent face to lower left, harp shape to lower right / Horse left; sea-horse shapes and pellets-in-annulets around. Bean –; Van Arsdell –; ABC 524; SCBC 33A. Weak in part. Lightly toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($2500)

Superb Tincomarus Stater

1361. CELTIC, Atrebates & Regni. Tincomarus. Circa 30 BC-AD 10. AV Stater (17mm, 5.38 g, 12h). Alton type. Devolved head of Apollo right / Disjointed horse right with triple tail; charioteer’s arm and TiNC/O above, ÂA ruÍ across lower and right fields. Bean –; Van Arsdell –; BMC 765; ABC 1052; SCBC –. Toned. Near EF. A most attractive example, well centered on a broad flan. Extremely rare. ($5000) Ex Rudd FPL 109 (January 2010), no. 22 (illustrated on the cover). Chris Rudd notes, “this example has what is arguably one the finest - if not the finest - reverse of the eight known specimens. Every single one of the ten letters in the king’s name is deeply engraved, on the flan and clearly legible.”

305


1362. CELTIC, Atrebates & Regni. Verica. Circa AD 10-40. AV Stater (27mm, 5.26 g, 12h). Vine Leaf Viri type (Atrebatic K). Southern mint. Vine leaf; ui ri across fields / Horseman with spear and shield on back; C O F around. Allen & Haselgrove 48-51 (dies A/a); Bean VERS3-1; Van Arsdell 520-1; ABC 1193; SCBC 121. Lightly toned, light marks on obverse, hairline flan crack. Otherwise well centered. Near EF. Fine style reverse die. ($1500)

1363. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Addedomaros. Circa 40-30 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 5.52 g). Crescent Cross type (Trinovantian I). Wreaths of criss-crossed bands with back-to-back crescents / Horse leaping right; pellent-in-annulet above, wheel below; [ADDiiDOÂ above]. Van Arsdell 1605-1; ABC 2514; SCBC 200. Legend off flan as usual. Some minor die wear. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Cologny Collection (Nomos Obolos 1, 8 February 2015), lot 5; Classical Numismatic Review XIX.3 (Third Quarter, 1994), no. 686.

1364. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Tasciovanus. Circa 20 BC-AD 10. AV Stater (22mm, 5.54 g). Hidden Faces type (Trinovantian M). Crossed vertical and horizontal wreaths with opposed crescents at center; annulets and sprays forming hidden faces in quarters / Horse leaping right; bucranium and annulet within ring of pellets above; hook-like object below. Kretz, Early obv. type B, rev. type II; Van Arsdell 1680-1; ABC 2553; SCBC 214. A few very light marks. Lightly toned. EF. Well struck. ($2500) Ex Queensland Collection (Noble 115, 25 July 2017), lot 4649.

1365. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Cunobelin. Circa AD 10-43. AV Stater (17mm, 5.42 g, 12h). Cunobelinus Plastic type (Trinovantian W). Camulodunum mint. Grain ear; CA Âu / Horse prancing right; branch above, pellet-in-annulet and CuNO below. Allen, Cunobelin 93-4 (dies B/a); Van Arsdell 2010-1; ABC 2786; SCBC 286. Some light marks on obverse. Well entered. EF. The horse particularly well struck. ($2000) Ex Dix Noonan Webb 114 (18 September 2013), lot 1281.

306


1366. CELTIC, North-Eastern series (‘Corieltauvi’). Uninscribed. Circa 60-50 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 5.78 g, 2h). Devolved head of Apollo right / Stylized horse left; “anchor face” above; star to left, pelleted sun and zigzag pattern below. Cf. Van Arsdell 805-11 and 809; CCI 930416 (as Van Arsdell 805-11, same dies); cf. ABC 1734-7; cf. SCBC 29 and 390. Lightly toned. EF. Very rare. ($1500) This interesting stater bears the “anchor face” characteristic of the Sunflower type issues of the Corieltauvi, but also features a star below the horse’s head, as seen on the North East Coast type. It would appear that this coin is from a very rare and as-yet undescribed transitionary issue linking the two types together.

ABC Plate Coin

1367. CELTIC, North-Eastern series (‘Corieltauvi’). Uninscribed. Circa 55-45 BC. AR Unit (14mm, 1.39 g, 5h). Crown Proto Boar type (Corieltauvian B). Stylized boar standing right; double crescents and trefoil above / Celticized horse left; above, crescent over two-pellets-in-annulet. Leins –; Van Arsdell 864-1; ABC 1785 (this coin illustrated); SCBC 396. Deep old toning with some iridescence, well centered. Near EF. Very rare. ($750)

1368. CELTIC, North-Eastern series (‘Corieltauvi’). Dumnocoveros Tigirseno. Circa AD 25-35. AV Stater (18mm, 5.32 g, 9h). Dumnocoveros Tigirseno type (Corieltauvian O). Vertical wreath over Du ÂN between two plain lines; in alternating quarters; pellets in rings of pellets and three-armed spirals in rings / Lunate horse left; trefoil of pellets to left, pellet behind tail; TiÇi6 above, [Í]eNo below. Van Arsdell 978-1; ABC 1971; SCBC 414. Weakly struck in part. A few light marks. Toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($2500)

1369. CELTIC, Iceni. Uninscribed. Circa 65-1 BC. AV Stater (16mm, 5.44 g). Freckenham Crescents – Ring and Star type (Icenian B). Two crescents facing outward with row of pellets projecting from each; triangle of pellets above and below / Horse prancing right; solar ring above, star below, ornaments around. Allen, Coins Group I(a), 6 (same dies); Van Arsdell 620–7; ABC 1447; SCBC 426. A couple of very light marks otherwise attractively toned with hints of luster. EF. Rare in this condition. ($2500) 307


Highly Important Anglo-Saxon Gold Solidus

1370. ANGLO-SAXON, Early Period. Mid 7th century. AV Solidus (18mm, 3.17 g, 12h). Cross on Steps type.  , diademed and cuirassed bust right, of late Roman style / nn nn, cross set on three steps, of Byzantine style; ⲟⲱⲟ in exergue. Grierson, New 2/1 = Stewart, Anglo-Saxon A.93/92 (same obv./rev. dies); MEC 8 table 2, 1, and pl. 1, 1 = MEC 1, 665 = SCBI 1 (Fitzwilliam), 217 (same obv. die); SCBI 68 (Lyon), 1 = EMC 1068.0001 (same dies); North 28/1 (same obv. die as illustration); SCBC 752. PAS KENT-5E6A92 (this coin). Some edge loss, trace of mount at top (as on all examples of this type). Good VF. A highly important and extremely rare coin, one of five known and the only example available to commerce. ($20,000) Found Hoo Peninsula, Medway, Kent, 8 October 2017. Our present knowledge of the coinage produced by the earliest English speaking peoples is derived from a corpus of some two hundred fractional gold thrymsas, or tremisses, and only eight examples of the full gold solidus. Five of these solidi, including the piece offered here, are of the ‘Cross on steps’ type, a design that pairs on the obverse a diademed and cuirassed bust facing right derived from Roman issues of the 4th century, and a depiction of the True Cross, introduced to the Byzantine coinage under the Emperor Heraclius in the early 7th century, on the reverse. All five solidi of the ‘Cross on steps’ type, including the present specimen, bear signs of having had a suspension mount attached. The suggestion that these coins were made merely for ornamental purposes has been rejected in recent publications by Lyon and Naismith as the type is known from two sets of dies and the different gold content of the suspension loops indicates that they were not mounted at the same time of manufacture. Instead these exceedingly rare coins represent the largest denomination produced during the earliest period of AngloSaxon coin production and must have constituted a considerable store of wealth. As such, their circulation would have been limited to the highest echelons of society. The solidus offered here is the only example available to commerce. The seven other known Anglo-Saxon solidi are part of, or on permanent loan to, institutional collections. The corpus of the five known examples of this Cross-on-Steps type: 1. Dies A/1 (a) Nuremberg, Germanisches National-Museum (Münzsammlung no. 12372). Grierson, New 1a = Stewart, Anglo-Saxon 92a. (b) Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale. Grierson, New 1b = Stewart, Anglo-Saxon 92b. 2. Dies B/1

(a) S. Lyon Collection (SCBI 68 [Lyon], 1 [EMC 1068.0001], on lifetime loan to the Fitzwilliam Museum). (b) The present coin

3. Dies B/2 (a) Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum (MEC 8, 1 = MEC 1, 665 = SCBI 1 [Fitzwilliam], 217). Grierson, New 2 = Stewart, Anglo-Saxon 93a.

1371. ANGLO-SAXON, Pale Gold Phase. Circa 645-665/70. Pale AV Thrymsa (13mm, 1.26 g, 4h). ‘Oath-taking’ or ’Constantine’ type. Uncertain mint, possibly in East Anglia. Diademed bust right, arm extending right with open hand on cross / mn n+, stylized trophy within double-pelleted wreath. Marsden 2-6 (dies I/b); Sutherland 26 (same obv. die); SCBI 63 (BM), 22 (same obv. die); A&W type V.xxiv; Metcalf p. 47; MEC 8 table 3, 26; North 17; SCBC 766. Slightly wavy flan, some marks. VF. Very rare. ($7500) 308


1372. ANGLO-SAXON, Transitional/Pre-Primary Phase. Circa 665/70-670/5. Pale AV Thrymsa (11.5mm, 1.25 g, 9h). ‘Pada’ series (Rigold PaIA). Mint in Kent. Helmeted bust right; annulets flanking helmet,   clockwise around from lower left / Standard inscribed ᛈᚪᛞᚪ (PADA in Runic); above, cross with annulet terminals flanked by uncertain letters;  to left and right; below, tufa decorated with pellet and two annulets, flanked by ⲱ ⲱ. Sceatta List 1-10; MEC 8 table 3, 31; North 151; SCBC 768. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well centered. Rare. ($5000) Ex Spink Numismatic Circular CXVI.3 (June 2008), no. HS 3375. With the handsome bust derived from a Constantinian prototype, and the distinctive runic inscription in the center of the standard on the reverse, type PaIA is the earliest, and stylistically the finest, of the enigmatic PADA issues.

1373. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Mercia. Coenwulf. 796-821. AR Penny (19mm, 1.40 g, 6h). Large portrait type. Canterbury mint; Sigebeorht, moneyer. Struck circa 810-821. Ḱ üɭዒn⎍⎍⌦ዓ ⎀ዒҟ M, diademed and draped bust right / Ḱ ӲƗŭዒB⌓⎀h mɭɕዒͿ¥, cross pattée with wedges in angles. Naismith C27.1d = BLS 29a (this coin); North 350; SCBC 915. Richly toned. Near EF. A handsome coin. Rare. ($6000) Ex Millennia (Part I, Goldberg 46B, 26 May 2008), lot 188; R. C. Lockett (English Part IV, 26 April 1960), lot 3835; H. M. Reynolds (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 4 May 1914), lot 10; Spink Numismatic Circular 167 (October 1906), no. 31653; F. McClean [“Astronomer”] (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 11 June 1906), lot 97; A. B. Richardson (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 22 May 1895), lot 12; The Hon. R. W. Marsham (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 19 November 1888), lot 72; E. Wigan (acquired by Rollin & Feuardent in 1872).

1374. ANGLO-SAXON, Anglo-Viking (Danish Northumbria). Cnut. Circa 900-905. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.50 g, 6h). Class Ir, Ebraice Civitas type. York mint. ⌐ Ƀ ќ ͻ ያḶ ዒḪ X Ḷ arranged around plain cross / ๘ ዒዛ Ḷ Ɵ©Ɵ Ḷ æዒæ Ḷ ƟќƟ, short cross pattée with pellets in each quarter. SCBI 29 (Merseyside), 212 (same dies); North 497; SCBC 991. Attractive deep iridescent tone. EF. Well struck. ($1500)

309


Standard Catalogue Plate Coin

1375. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Alfred the Great. 871-899. AR Penny (20mm, 1.62 g, 11h). London monogram type (BMC ix). London mint; Tilwine, moneyer. Struck circa 880. ®ዥዟያ ዞዝ ያዞҢ, diademed and draped bust right / ͻዢዥ⌓ќዢɉ ⍵ɭɉͻ⍒ above and below Londonia monogram flanked by small crosses pattée. Mackay, London B3, dies O3/R9 = SCBI 20 (Mack), 737 (this coin); BMC 116; North 646; SCBC 1062 (56th ed., this coin illustrated). Richly toned. Near EF. Very rare. ($20,000) Ex Dr. A. Wayne (Triton XIX, 5 January 2016), lot 911; L.M. LaRiviere (Spink 160, 10 October 2002), lot 997; S. Holmgren (Ahlstrom Mynthandel AB 62, 11 November 2000), lot 101; Spink Numismatic Circular XC.9 (November 1982), no. 8138; R. P. Mack Collection, purchased from Spink, 1954. Struck after English forces recaptured London from the Danes in 886, the Londonia Monogram issue is the most celebrated of Alfred the Great’s varied coinages. Specimens bearing the name of the moneyer Tilewine are rarer, and were struck for a shorter period, than the unsigned issue.

1376. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Edward the Elder. 899-924. AR Penny (22mm, 1.71 g, 10h). Bust Diademed (BD) type (BMC iii). Mint in East Anglia; Tila, moneyer. ዱer dr©eዮዮd©e ๘, diademed bust left / ͿƟዥƟ ⍵/ɭ⎴ዞ↞⍋ in two lines; three crosses pattée between, trefoils above and below. Vatican Hoard 451 = SCBI 20 (Mack) 751 (this coin); cf. CTCE 40; North 651; SCBC 1084. Wonderful old cabinet tone. Near EF. Characterful East Anglian portrait. Very rare. ($7500) Ex Spink Numismatic Circular CVIII.6 (December 2000), no. HS0007; R. P. Mack (Part I, Glendining’s, 18 November 1975), lot 117; R. C. Lockett (Part III, Glendining, 4 November 1958) lot 2713; “Rome Hoard” (Part II, Glendining, 13 November 1930), lot 54; 1928 Vatican Hoard.

1377. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Martyr. 975-978. AR Penny (20.5mm, 1.38 g, 8h). Sole type (BMC i). Lincoln mint; Grind, moneyer. ม ዞ©ዝ⎍⎍©ያ ያዞม ©nű⌦ɭ, diademed and draped bust left / ม űያዢɃዝ ዦ!ɭ ⌦ዢɃዝùɭ⌦, small cross pattée. Mossop 26 (dies A/c); SCBI 27 (Lincolnshire), 11 (same dies); Hild 12; BMC 14; North 763; SCBC 1142. Toned, small dig in obverse legend, a few scratches on reverse under tone. Near VF. Rare. ($2500)

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1378. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harthacnut. 1035-1042. AR Penny (17mm, 1.13 g, 5h). Jewel Cross type (BMC ia, Hild. Aa). Canterbury mint; Leofwig, moneyer. Struck circa 1036-1037. ม ዡ©ያT© ün⎍Ϳ ያዞ, diademed bust right / ม ⌦®ዓʖዢ ɭnn üዞnͿḦ, cross composed of four ovals united at base by two concentric circles enclosing a pellet. SCBI 40 (Stockholm), 10; Hild. 13; North 809; SCBC 1167. Softly struck on upper part of profile. Toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($3000)

1379. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor. 1042-1066. AR Penny (2mm, 1.37 g, 2h). Pointed Helmet type (BMC vii, Hild. F). London mint; Ælfwine, moneyer. Struck 1053-1056. ส ⌓•ēʖʽ•ē ʽeส, crowned bust right, scepter before / ฾ ®ǧŖPƩne ɭn ǧVnē⌓, voided cross, arms terminating in inward-facing crescents; straight line across lower limb. Freeman 126; North 828; SCBC 1182. Toned. Near EF. ($750) Ex Baldwin’s 18 (12 October 1998), lot 1740; Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 518 (July 1961), no. 6520.

1380. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harold II. 1066. AR Penny (19mm, 1.30 g, 3h). Pax type (BMC i, Hild. A). Steyning mint; Deorman, moneyer. ม H©ያɭ⌦ዝ ያዞҟ ©nŷ⌦ɭ, crowned head left; scepter to left / ม ዝዞያዦɭn ɭዦ ˨˸ዞnዢ, ዩ a ҟ across central field. King 40 = King, Steyning 29 (same dies as illustration); SCBI 2 (Hunterian), 1209 (same dies); North 836; SCBC 1186. Attractive deep toning with golden hues. Near EF. Rare. ($4000) From the Maxwell Collection. Ex Stack’s (1 December 1999), lot 835.

1381. NORMAN. William I ‘the Conqueror’. 1066-1087. AR Penny (19mm, 1.36 g, 9h). Two Stars type (BMC V). London mint; Eadwine, moneyer. Struck circa 1074-1077. ม ዩƱ⌦⌦ዞ⍵ ያዞҟ ©nዢ, crowned facing bust; stars flanking / ม ዞዢዢዝዩዢ ɭn ⌦ዢዢnዝ, cross botonnée with central annulet over quadrilateral with incurved sides. SCBI –; BMC 340; North 845; SCBC 1254. Toned. VF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 111 (29 May 2019), lot 1079.

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1382. PLANTAGENET. Edward III. 1327-1377. AV Noble (34mm, 7.67 g, 6h). Fourth coinage, Treaty B period, Group b. London mint. Struck 1361-1369. ი Ŀd Ѿ⍒ʼd Ḻ dĿƩ Ḻ ŷʼ¥ Ḻ ʼĿҞ Ḻ ⍒NŷL Ḻ dNS Ḻ ƌӎÝ # ⎜ # ¥ʠ ˶, king standing facing, holding sword and shield, in ship with bowsprit; ornaments -11-11, ropes 3/2, quatrefoils 3/4, lis 4; double saltire stops / ๘ iƌý Ḻ ⍒VѝͿEM Ḻ Ϳʼ⍒NSiENS Ḻ ʖEʼ Ḻ MEDiV Ḻ iǣǣɱʼVM Ḻ iÝ¥Ϳ, ornate cross with lis at ends and small Ě in center; crowned lions passant in quarters; fleurs in spandrils; double saltire stops. Lawrence 1; Doubleday 217; Schneider –; North 1232; SCBC 1503. Once creased with associated cracks. Near VF. ($1500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 410 (29 November 2017), lot 555; RVP (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 310, 4 September 2013), lot 506 (hammer $3000); Clarence & Helen Zaar (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 261, 3 August 2011), lot 424.

1383. PLANTAGENET. Edward III. 1327-1377. AV Quarter Noble (19mm, 1.90 g, 1h). Fourth coinage, Treaty period, group b. London mint. Struck 1361-1369. ๘ ი ĿdѾ⍒⎀d Ḻ dĿƩ Ḻ ŷ⎀⍒ Ḻ ⎀ĿҞ Ḻ ⍒NŷL, coat-of-arms within double polylobe with lis on cusps / ๘ ĿҞ⍒LͿ⍒BƩͿV⎀ Ḻ ƩN Ḻ ŷLɭ⎀Ʃ¥, ornate cross with lis at ends and in center; lion passant in angles; all within double polylobe. Lawrence 1; Schneider 90; North 1244; SCBC 1511. A few minor marks. VF. ($1000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex T. H. Law (Stacks Bowers & Ponterio 176, 13 August 2013), lot 20011, purchased from Ford, 1973.

1384. LANCASTER. Henry VI. First reign, 1422-1461. AV Noble (33.5mm, 7.03 g, 2h). Annulet issue. London mint; im: lis. Struck 1422-1427. ƌ ENˆiý= ჭ Di= $ ŷˆ¨= $ ˆEҞ $ ¨NŷȄ= $ ⎜ $ fˆ¨Ný= $ DN=S $ ƌһÝ=, Henry standing facing in ship, holding sword and shield; annulet to left of hand; ornaments: 1-1-1; quatrefoils: 3/3; f type 1, N type 3 / Ⴀ iƌ=ý ᛌ ¨ѝͿ= ი Ϳˆ¨NSiENS ი ʖEˆ ი MEDiѝM ი iǣǣɨˆѝ= ი iݨͿ, voided short cross potent over cross fleurée; in each angle, crown over lion passant over trefoil; at center, ƌ within angled quadrilobe; all within polylobe, with annulet and trefoils in spandrels; N type 3, ʁ type 1. Whitton, Heavy 6c; Schneider 281; North 1414; SCBC 1799. EF. Well struck on a full, round flan. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Auctions VIII (27 September 1989), lot 790.

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1385. LANCASTER. Henry VI. First reign, 1422-1461. AV Half-noble (27mm, 3.45 g, 1h). Annulet issue. London mint; im: lis. Struck 1422-1427. ƌ ENˆiý= ჭ Di= $ ŷˆ¨= $ ˆEҞ $ ¨NŷȄ= $ ⎜ $ fˆ¨Ný= $, Henry standing facing in ship, holding sword and shield; annulet to left of hand; ornaments: 1-1-1; quatrefoils: 3/3; F type 1 / Ⴀ DɨMiNE ᚨ NE ი iN ი fѝˆɨˆE ი ˸ѝɨ ი ¨ˆŷѝ¨S ი ME, cross fleurée over voided short cross potent; at center, ƌ within quatrefoil; in each angle, crown above lion passant; all within double polylobe, with annulet in one spandrel and trefoil (type 2) in all others; n type 1, P type 1. Whitton, Heavy 4f; Schneider 293; North 1417; SCBC 1805. In NGC encapsulation 5913905-001, graded MS 63. ($2500)

1386. LANCASTER. Henry VI. First reign, 1422-1461. AR Groat (29mm, 4.03 g, 11h). Cross-pellet issue, Class B. London mint; im: cross fleury/–. Struck 1454-1461. ຀ ƌĚNˆƩý= Ṅ dƩ= ŷˆ⍒= ˆĚҢ ⍒Nŷǭ [⎜ fˆ]⌃Ný=, crowned facing bust, + on neck, pellets flanking crown; all wthinin tressure of arches; fleurs on cusps (except over crown) / ʖɨSVƩ Ṅ DĿVM ¥ DƩVͿɨR Ŀ= MEVM/ýƩVƩ ˶AS LɭN dɭN, long cross pattée; triple pellets in quarters; additional pellet in first and fourth quarters. Whitton, Heavy 77a; North 1517; SCBC 1935. A little weak in part of legend. EF. Sharp portrait. ($750)

1387. YORK. Edward IV. First reign, 1461-1470. AV Ryal – Rose Noble (35mm, 7.73 g, 9h). Light Coinage. London mint; im: –/crown. Struck 1466-1468. ED Ѿ¨RD= $ Di ŷR¨ $ REҞ $ ¨NŷȄ= $ ⎜ $ fR¨Ný $ DNS= $ i Ý= $, Edward standing facing in ship with bowsprit, holding sword and shield; large rose on hull and banner with large E in stern; no pellet by shield / ՟ iƌý= $ ¨ѝͿ= ͿR¨NSiENS $ ʖER $ MEDiѝM ! iǣǣɨRѝM $ i$ݨͿ, radiant sun, with rose in center, over cross with lis at ends; crowned lion passant in each quarter; all within polylobe with trefoil on cusps and in each spandrel. Blunt & Whitton type VIII(A); Schneider –; North 1549; SCBC 1951. In NGC encapsulation 5913905-004, graded MS 61. Struck on a full flan. Toned with underlying luster. A pleasing specimen. ($5000) 313


1388. YORK. Edward IV. First reign, 1461-1470. AV Half Ryal (27.5mm, 3.82 g, 11h). Light Coinage. London mint; im: –/crown. Struck 1466-1468. ED Ѿ¨RD $ Di= ŷR¨ REҞ $ ¨NŷȄ [..] fR¨N, Edward standing facing in ship with bowsprit, holding sword and shield; large rose on hull and banner with large E in stern / ՟ DɨMiNE $ NE $ iN fѝRɨRE $ Tѝɨ ¨Rŷѝ¨S $ ME $, radiant sun, with rose in center, over cross with lis at ends; crowned lion passant in each quarter; all within polylobe with trefoil on cusps and in each spandrel. Blunt & Whitton Type VIIIB; Schneider –; North 1554; SCBC 1959. In NGC encapsulation 5913905-005, graded MS 62. Rare. ($3000)

1389. YORK (Restored). Richard III. 1483-1485. AR Groat (25mm, 2.98 g, 8h). Type 1. London mint; im: halved sun and rose 1. Struck 27 June - 20 July 1483. ˆƩý⍒ˆĕ⎡ dƩ ᛆ ŷˆ⍒⎡ ˆĚҢ ⍒Nŷǭ⎡ ⎜ fˆ⌃Ný, crowned facing bust in tressure of arches; fleurs on cusps (except over crown); L1 / ʖɨSVƩ DĿVM ¥ DƩVͿɨR Ŀ⎡ MEVM/ýƩVƩ ˶AS LɭN dɭN, long cross pattée; triple pellets in quarters. Winstanley 1; North 1679; SCBC 2154. Toned. Good VF. ($2500) Ex Triton XIV (4 January 2011), lot 1648; R. C. Carlyon-Britton (Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 490, March 1959), no. 4469. This reverse die is also found paired with Edward IV/V obverses.

1390. TUDOR. Henry VII. 1485-1509. AV Angel (29mm, 5.18 g, 12h). Type V. Tower mint; im: pheon. Struck 15051509. ሌ ƌENriý‹ Ḻ Di Ḻ ŷr¨ # rEҞ Ḻ ¨NŷȄ= Ḻ Z Ḻ fr= Ḻ, Archangel Michael slaying the Dragon, spear topped by crosscrosslet / ሌ ʖEr Ḻ ýrѝýE= # Tѝ¨= Ḻ S¨ǹѝ¨ # NɨS Ḻ ҞʖE= # rED=, ship bearing shield and cross; ƌ and rose flanking cross. P&W –; cf. SCBI 23 (Ashmolean) 58; Schneider –; North 1698; SCBC 2187. VF. ($2000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Triton XIV (4 January 2011), lot 1649.

314


1391. TUDOR. Henry VII. 1485-1509. AR Groat (26mm, 3.11 g, 4h). Regular profile issue. London mint; im: pheon. Struck 1505-1509. ሌ ƇĚɀˆƩý‹ # ѝ/ƙ/ƙ‹ # ĕƩ= # ŷˆ¨= # ˆEҢ # ¨ŷȄ= # ә # f=, crowned bust right / ሌ ʁɨSѝƩ # ĕĚѝ= Ḻ a ĕƩѝ˶ɭˆ E= Ḻ ⍴Ěѝ=, coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. SCBI 23 (Ashmolean), 860–1; North 1747; SCBC 2258. Slight crimp to flan. Deeply toned. Good VF. Strong portrait. ($750)

1392. TUDOR. Henry VIII. 1509-1547. AV Angel (28.5mm, 5.12 g, 10h). First coinage. London mint; im: crowned portcullis. Struck circa 1513-1526. # ჹ ƌENriý‹ # ѝƩƩƩ‹ # Di= # ŷr¨= # rEҞ # ¨ŷȄ= # Z # f= Ḻ, Archangel Michael slaying the Dragon, spear topped by cross-crosslet / ჹ ʖĿʽ # ýʽѝýĿ= # ΍ѝa= # SaǺѝa # ɇɨS # ҢʖĿ= # ʽĿēĿ=, ship bearing shield and cross; ƌ and rose flanking cross. Whitton iii, var. 2; Schneider 562 var. (stops); North 1760; SCBC 2265. Toned. VF. Well struck on a full flan. ($2500) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection.

1393. TUDOR. Henry VIII, with Jane Seymour. 1509-1547. AV Crown of the Double Rose (25mm, 3.70 g, 3h). Second coinage. London mint; im: arrow. Struck 1536-1537. ሌ ƌĚȺˊƱý ⎡ ⎍ƱƱƱ ⎡ ˊ⎍˶Ʊ⌦⍒N⌽ ᚤ ˊɨ⌽⍒ ᚤ ⌽ƱĚ ⎡ ⌽PƱ⍒, crowned double rose; crowned ƌ Ʃ / ሌ dĚƱ ᛁ Ż ⎡ ˊ=Ḻ ¥Ż⌦ƱĚ ⎡ ә ᚤ Ŋˊ¥ný=Ḻ dn⌽=Ḻ ƌƱBĚˊnƱ=, crowned coat-of-arms; ƌ Ʃ. Whitton (iv), 6 ; Schneider 591-2 var. (rev. punctuation); North 1790; SCBC 2279. In NGC encapsulation 5913905-006, graded MS 63. An attractive, well struck and lightly toned example. ($4000) Ex Leu 92 (26 October 2004), lot 380.

315


Edward VI Soveriegn Ex Barnes Collection

1394. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AV Sovereign (37mm, 11.23 g, 5h). Third period. London mint; im: У. Struck 1551–3. ; ĚĕѾ⍒ˆĕ= ; ѝƟ ; ĕ= / ŷ= / ⍒ŷǭ= / fˆ⍒= / Z ; ƌƟBĚˆ= ; ˆĚҢ /, crowned and armored half-length bust right, holding sword in left hand, globus cruciger in right / / ƟƌS= / ⍒ѝ˸Ě= / ˸ˆ⍒NýƟ= / ʖĚˆ Ḧ ȎĚĕƟѝ= / ƟȄȄɨˆ= / ƟB⍒˸, crowned royal coat-of-arms with crowned leopard and griffin supporters; all set on ornate frame with central titulus inscribed ⌓ˊ. Schneider 691 var. (obv. stops; same rev. die); North 1927; SCBC 2450. In NGC encapsulation 5913907-001, graded AU 55. Most attractive orange-red tone. Strong portrait. Very rare. ($25,000) Ex Spink 246 (28 April 2017), lot 144; J. H. Barnes (Sotheby, 26 June 1974), lot 122.

1395. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AR Sixpence (27mm, 3.12 g, 12h). Third period, Fine Silver issue. London mint; im: tun. Struck 1551-1553. (tun) Ḧ EĕѾaˊĕ=/ ⎍Ʃ=/ ĕ=/ Ż=/ aŻ⌦=/ Ŋˊa=/ ә Ḧ ƌƩB=/ ˊEҢ Ḧ, crowned and mantled facing bust; rose to left; ⎍Ʃ (denomination) to right / (tun) ʖɭ˫⎍Ʃ ĕE⎍=/ a ĕƩ⎍˶ ɭˊ E=/ ⍴E⎍=/, coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. North 1938; SCBC 2483. Trace of crease. Toned. Good VF. Pleasing portrait. ($750)

316


Mary Ship Ryal Ex Ryan, Roth, and Hankin Collections

1396. TUDOR. Mary. 1553-1554. AV Ryal (36mm, 7.62 g, 3h). London mint; im: pomegranate. Dated 1553 (in Roman numerals). Ȏ¨ˆƱ¨ ი ռ ი ĕ= ი ŷ= ¨ɀŷ= ი ōˆ¨= ი Ӳ ი ƌƱB= ი ˆĚŷƱɀ¨ ი Ȏ ი ĕ ი Ǵ ƱƱƱ ი, Mary, holding sword in left hand and shield in right, standing facing in ship, with rose on side and flag at stern, sailing right / ¨ Ḽ ĕɀɭ= ი ō¨ý˸⎍= ი ĚS˸ Ḽ ƱS˸⎍ĕ Ḽ ә Ḽ ĚS˸ ი ȎƱˆ¨ÏƱ= ი Ʊɀ= ი ɭý⎍Ǵ= ი ɀˆƱS= ი, radiant sun, with rose in center, over floreate cross with lis at ends; in each quarter, crown above lion passant left; all within tressure of eight arches. Schneider 709 (same dies); North 1957; SCBC 2489. In PCGS encapsulation 32942889, graded AU55. Extremely rare and with an impressive pedigree. ($75,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Heritage 3048 (11 August 2016), lot 32293; St. James’s 33 (20 May 2015), lot 97; Spink 211 (13 December 2011), lot 92; V. J. E. Ryan (Part 1, Glendining, 28 June 1950), lot 260; B. Roth (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 19 July 1917), lot 274; A.W. Hankin (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 29 March 1900), lot 274. A classic rarity in the English series, the Mary Ship Ryal is admired for its depiction of serene majesty. Mary guides the ship of state back to the calm waters of the old order and the Roman Catholic Church. Beautiful and elusive, it is believed there are only seven examples in private hands. Valentine Ryan’s superb collection of gold coins included a matchless set of Tudor Ship Ryals. His Henry VII Ryal (the finest known and now in the ANS), sold for a record £1050. His Mary (this coin) sold for £275 and his extremely fine Elizabeth I sold for £125.

317


TUDOR. Mary. 1553-1554. AR Groat (24mm, 1.92 g, 2h). London mint; im: pomegranate. ი Ȏ~ˆƱ~ ი ռ ი ĕ= ი ŷ= crowned bust left / ѝĚˆƟ;~ ˴ ռ ;ĚȎ ʖɨˆƟ˴ fƟǭƟ~, crowned coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. North 1960; SCBC 2492. Toned, some light marks. VF. Neatly struck on a round flan. ($750) 1397.

ი ~ŷǭ= ი fˆ= ი Z ი ƌƟB= ი ˆĚŷƟ=,

From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Maxwell (Classical Numismatic Group 115, 16 September 2020), lot 1146, purchased from Abbeygate Coins, December 1999.

1398. STUART. James I. 1603-1625. AV Unite (38mm, 9.94 g, 11h). Second coinage, crown gold. London mint; im: rose. Struck 1605-1606. ḥ · IACOBVS · D’· G’· MAG’· BRIT’· FRAN’· ET · HIB’· REX ·, crowned and armored half-length bust right, holding lis-tipped scepter in right hand and globus cruciger in left (second bust) / ḥ · FACIAM · EOS · IN · GENTEM · VNAM ·, crowned coat-of-arms; I R flanking. Schneider 22 var. (im: lis); North 2083; SCBC 2618. In NGC encapsulation 5913905-003, graded AU 58. Lightly toned. Bold portrait. ($4000)

318


Coins of Charles I featuring the Collection of Arthur Fitts III The following lots comprise a fine offering of silver coins of Charles I. Of particular note is a superb and exceedingly rare pattern by Nicholas Briot and a run of issues from the provincial mints that struck for the king during the English Civil War. These coins range from the huge Pounds struck at Shrewsbury for presentation to officers in the royal army in the early days of the conflict to the siege Shillings of Pontefract, a town that continued to hold out for Royalist cause even after Charles was executed in January 1649. The Halfcrown of Two Shillings and Sixpence – the standard daily rate of pay for Cavalier - represents the majority of mints. Many of these Halfcrowns are very rare, sometimes known today from as few as five to ten specimens, and the examples offered here are generally of high grade. The respective pedigrees of these coins are a roll call of the most celebrated collections of this reign that have been formed over the past 150 years.

319


1399. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Crown (43mm, 29.76 g, 1h). Group II, second horseman, type 2a. Tower mint; im: harp. Struck 1632-1633. (harp) CAROLVS · D’ · G’ · MAG’ · BRIT’ · FRA’ · ET · HIB’ · REX ·, Charles, armored, on horseback left, holding rein and raising sword; plume on horse’s head / (harp) · CHRISTO ·:· AVSPICE ·:· REGNO ·:·, oval coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée; shield in ornate frame; C R above. Cooper, Silver 3 (dies XII/XVII); Brooker 250 (same dies); North 2193; SCBC 2755. Some very minor metal flaws. Richly toned. VF. The horseman well struck up. Rare with this obverse die. ($2500) Ex Spink Numismatic Circular LXXXV.3 (March 1977), no. 2269.

1400. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Crown (43mm, 29.78 g, 2h). Group II, second horseman, type 2b1. Tower mint; im: plumes. Struck 1630-1631. (plumes) CAROLVS · D’ · G’ · MAG’ · BRIT’ · FRA’ · ET · HIB’ · REX ·:·, Charles, armored, on horseback left, holding rein and raising sword; plume on horse’s head / · CHRISTO ·:· AVSPICE ·:· REGNO ·:· (plumes) ·:·, oval coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame; plume dividing C R above. Cooper, Silver 1 (dies IX/XII); Brooker 242-3 var. (legend stops); North 2192; SCBC 2756. Struck on a broad flan. Richly toned. VF. ($2500) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection.

1401. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (35mm, 14.66 g, 12h). Group I, type 1a1. Tower mint; im: lis. Struck 1625. · ჭ · CA ROLVS · D · G · MAG · BRI · FR · ET · HI · REX, Charles on horseback left, raising sword over right shoulder, on plumed and caparisoned horse / ჭ CHRI STO AV SPICE REGNO, coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Bull 8/1c-1(0-16); Brooker 276 (same dies); North 2200; SCBC 2763. Toned. VF. Well struck on broad flan. ($1000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Triton XXII (8 January 2019), lot 1419; Dr. J. R. Hulett (Dix Noonan Webb 142, 13 September 2017), lot 142 (with his ticket), purchased from F. Purvey, April 1975.

320


1403

1402

1402. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Crown (43mm, 29.86 g, 6h). Briot’s first milled issue. Tower mint; im: в and flower/в. Struck 1631-1632. CAROLVS · D : G · MAGN · BRITAN · FRAN · ET · HIBER · REX · в (lozenge and double lozenge stops), Charles on horseback left, holding sword in right hand and reins in left / · CHRISTO · AVSPICE · REGNO · в, crowned coat-of-arms; crowned C R flanking. Brooker 714 (same dies); North 2298; SCBC 2852. Minor mount marks. Attractive cabinet toning. VF. ($1500) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection.

1403. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Shilling (30mm, 5.85 g, 6h). Briot’s second milled issue. Tower mint; im: anchor and в. Struck 1638-1639. (anchor with в) CAROLVS · D : G · MAG · BRIT · FR · ET · HIB · REX · (lozenge stops), crowned and mantled; XII to left / (anchor with в) CHRISTO · AVSPICE · REGNO ·, coat-of-arms over cross moline. Brooker 725 (same dies); North 2305; SCBC 2859. Attractive cabinet toning. Good VF. ($1000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 942454 (March 2012); Dix Noonan Webb 104 (5 December 2012), lot 256.

Magnificent Briot Pattern

1404. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. Pattern AR Shilling (29mm, 9.15 g, 6h). By Nicholas Briot. CAR · D : G · MA G · BRIT · FR · ET · HIB · REX · (lozenge and double lozenge stops), crowned, armored, and mantled bust right; · в · below / · FIDEI · DEFENSOR · (lozenge stops), crowned coat-of-arms within garter. MI 375/271; Brooker 1261 (this coin); North 2664. A masterpiece by Briot. Richly toned with underlying luster. Superb EF. Of the highest rarity and with an exceptional provenance. ($20,000) Ex M. Hughes (Spink 139, 16 November 1999), lot 153; H. Selig (Spink 70, 31 May 1989), lot 223; R.S. James (Spink 31, 12 May 1983), lot 235; J. G. Brooker Collection, 1261; H. L. Farquhar (Glendining’s, 25 April 1955), lot 150; T. Bliss (Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge, 22 March 1916), lot 401; H. Montagu (Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge, 11 November 1896), lot 399; W. Brice (purchased by H. Montagu, 1887); J.B. Bergne (Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge, 20 May 1873), lot 851; Lt.-Col. W. Durrant (Sotheby & Co., 19 April 1847), lot 682; Duke of Devonshire (Christie & Manson, 26 March 1844), lot 135. We can trace no other example of this beautiful coin in private hands.

321


1405. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (35mm, 15.06 g, 12h). Type 6. York mint; im: lion passant. Struck 1643-1644. (lion passant) CAROLVS · D : G · MAG · BRIT · FRAN · ET · HIB · REX · (lozenge and double lozenge stops), Charles on horseback left, holding sword in right hand and reigns in left; EBOR below / · CHRISTO · (floral sprig) AVSPICE · (floral sprig) · REGNO · (lion passant), coat-of-arms; crowned C R flanking. Bull 572 (this coin, cited p. 322); cf. Brooker 1082-4 (for type); North 2314; SCBC 2868. Rich old cabinet toning with flashes of underlying luster. Choice EF. ($3000) Ex Spink 128 (7 October 1998), lot 366; G. Hamilton Smith (Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge, 21 July 1913), lot 135.

1406. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Shilling (31mm, 5.39 g, 9h). Type 1. York mint; im: lion passant. Struck 16431644. (lion passant) · CAROLVS · D · G · MAG · BRI · FRA · ET · HI · REX ·, crowned and mantled bust left; XII (denomination) to right / · CHRIST O · AVSPI CE · REG NO · (lion passant), coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée; EB OR above. Brooker 1090 (same dies); North 2316; SCBC 2870. Attractively toned, a few edge marks under the tone. VF. ($1000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 914251 (December 2011); Spink 210 (6 October 2011), lot 244.

1407. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Shilling (30mm, 5.83 g, 12h). Type 5. York mint; im: lion passant. Struck 1643-1644. (lion passant) · CAROLVS · D : G · MAG · BRIT · FRAN · ET · HI · REX · (lozenge and double lozenge stops), crowned and mantled bust left; lozenge over XII (denomination) to right / · CHRISTO · AVSPICE · REGNO (lion passant) · (lozenge stops), crowned coat-of-arms with EBOR at bottom. Brooker 1090 (same dies); North 2320; SCBC 2874. A few faint scratches under old cabinet toning. Good VF. ($1000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Dix Noonan Webb 88 (29 September 2010), lot 2122.

322


Rare Shrewsbury Pound

1408. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Pound (50mm, 119.2 g, 2h). Declaration type. Shrewsbury mint. Dated 1642. CAROLVS : D : G : MAG : BRITAN : FR : ET : HIB : REX ·, Charles on horseback left, holding sword in right hand and reins in left; horse trampling on arms; plume to right / · DEVS · DISSIPENTVR · INIMICI · EXVRGAT ·, RELIG · PROT · LEG/ ANG · LIBER · PAR in two lines across central field, line above and below; three plumes and · XX · (denomination) above, 1642 below. Morrieson, Shrewsbury dies D/2; Brooker pl. LXIX note; North 2362; SCBC 2918. Toned, usual die break on obverse, some marks. VF. Well centered. Very rare, this type usually found as Morrieson D/4. ($7500) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection.

1409. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfpound (46mm, 69.01 g, 4h). Declaration type. Shrewsbury mint. Dated 1642. · CAROLVS · D · G · MAG · BRIT · FRAN · ET · HIB · REX : ·, Charles on horseback left, holding sword in right hand and reins in left; plume to right / · DEVS · DISSIPENTVR · INIMICI · EXVRGAT ·, RELIG · PROT · LEG/ ANG · LIBERT · PAR in two lines across central field, line above and below; three plumes and · X · (denomination) above, 1642 below. Morrieson, Shrewsbury dies D/2; Brooker 802 (same dies); North 2366; SCBC 2922. Dig on reverse. Usual die break by raised hind foot of horse on obverse. Toned. VF. Very rare – only one example of this type in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Marquess of Bute (Part II, Sotheby, 11 June 1951), lot 8.

323


Choice ‘Oxford Horseman’ Halfcrown

1410. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (36mm, 15.22 g, 1h). Declaration type. Oxford mint; im: plume. Dated 1643. (plume) CAROLVS : D : G : MAG : BRIT : FR : ET : HIB : REX, Charles on horseback left, holding sword in right hand and reins in left (Oxford horseman); plume to right / : DEVS : DISSIPENTVR : INIMICI : EXVRGAT, RELIG : PROT : LEG/ ANG : LIBER : PAR in two lines across central field, line above and below; three plumes above, 1643 below. Morrieson, Oxford A/3; Bull 597/3a (this coin cited, p. 398); Brooker 887/890 (same obv./rev. dies); North 2413; SCBC 2954. Slightly double struck on an exceptionally broad flan. Richly toned. EF. Rare, especially so in this high grade. ($3000) Ex Spink Numismatic Circular CXIII.4 (August 2005), no. 2203; Spink 76 (24 May 1990), lot 76; H.H. Snellenburg Jr. (purchased en bloc by Spink, 1965); F.W. Walters (Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge, 26 May 1913), lot 647.

Choice ‘Briot Horseman’ Halfcrown

1411. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (35mm, 14.53 g, 10h). Declaration type. Oxford mint. Dated 1643. (plume) CAROLVS · D : G: MAG : BR : FR : ET · HIB : REX, Charles on horseback left, holding sword in left hand (Briot horseman); Oxford plume to upper right / * EXVRGAT * DEVS * DISSIPENTVR * INIMICI :, RELI · PRO · LE/ ANG · LIB · PAR in two lines between parallel lines; above, three Oxford plumes; below, 1643 over OX. Morrieson, Oxford I/24; Bull 606/24 (this coin cited p. 404); Brooker 898 (this coin); North 2416; SCBC 2957. Undoubtedly the finest known. Unusually well struck on a round flan. Deeply toned. Near EF. Very rare thus. ($4000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XLII.3 (Summer 2017), no. 457688; C. Adams (Spink 177, 1 December 2005), lot 180; J. G. Brooker Collection, 898 (purchased en bloc by Spink, 1986); V. J. E. Ryan (Glendining, 28 June 1950), lot 1242; George Hamilton-Smith (23 May 1927), lot 339c; W. Talbot Ready (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 15 November 1920), lot 687c.

324


Standard Catalogue Plate Coin

1412. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (35mm, 14.69 g, 4h). Declaration type. Bristol mint; im: plume. Dated 1644. (plume) · CAROLVS · D : G : MAG : BR : FR : ET · HIB : REX ·, Charles on horseback left, holding sword in right hand and reigns in left; plume to right, B below / · DEVS · DISSIPENTVR · INIMICI · EXVRGAT, RELIG : PROT :/ LE : AN : LI : PA : in two lines across central field, line above and below; three plumes above, 1644/B below. Morrieson, Bristol D/6; Bull 643/6a; Brooker 985/984 (same obv./rev. dies); North 2491; SCBC 3009 (56th ed. this coin illustrated). Very well struck with excellent detail to king. Richly toned. EF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Marshall (Spink 167, 31 March 2004), lot 133; Spink Numismatic Circular LI.7 (July 1943), no. 21032.

High Grade Bridgnorth Halfcrown

1413. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (35mm, 13.17 g, 8h). Bridgnorth-on-Severn mint; im: plume. Dated 1646. (plume) · CAROLVS D : G: MAG : BR : FR : ET · HIB : REX ·, Charles on horseback left, holding sword in left hand; plumes to upper right and below / (plume) · EXVRGAT · DEVS · DISSIPENTVR · INIMICI ·, REL : PRO :/ LE : AN : LI : PA in two lines; above, three plumes and scroll; below, 1646 over plume. Morrieson, Lundy B/6; Bull 650/6 (this coin cited, p. 433); Brooker 1125 (same dies); North 2517; SCBC 3038. Weak on top of king’s head otherwise a high grade specimen struck on a broad flan. Richly toned. Near EF. Very rare. ($6000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Baldwin’s 96 (24 September 2015), lot 3526; Spink Numismatic Circular CXVIII.2 (May 2010), no. HS4146; Alan Morris Collection, purchased from L. Bennett; Peter Earthy Collection (sold anonymously); Finn FPL 18 [2000], no. 320; Glendining’s (27 May 1992), lot 457; A.E. Bray (Glendining’s, 1 May 1985), lot 69; Spink Numismatic Circular LXXVIII.6 (June 1970), no. 7088; Dr. E. Burstal (Glendining’s, 16 May 1968), lot 395; V.J.E. Ryan (Glendining’s, 24 January 1952), lot 1211. According to Maurice Bull, this is the finest known example of this very rare type

325


Extremely Rare Truro Halfcrown

1414. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (35mm, 14.43 g, 4h). Truro mint. Struck 1642-1643. [Ⴞ C]AROLVS · D · G · MA · BRI · FRA · ET · HI · REX, Charles on horseback left, holding sword and reins / Ⴞ : CHRISTO ·:· AVS[PIC]E ·:· REGNO :, coat-of-arms; C R above. Besly C3.2 (this coin?); Bull 653/3 (this coin cited p. 454?); Brooker 1020 (same dies); North 2540; SCBC 3049. Areas of weak strike as usual for this difficult type. Otherwise much as struck and attractively toned. Near EF. Extremely rare. ($6000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection, purchased from Classical Numismatic Group, September 2015.

1415. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Crown (43mm, 29.32 g, 12h). Exeter mint; im: rose. Dated 1644. შ : CAROLVS · D : G : MAG : BRI : FRA : ET : HI : REX, Charles on horseback facing slightly left, holding sword and reins / 16 Ⴞ 44 CHRISTO · AVSPICE · REGNO, coat-of-arms. Besly C8.5 (this coin?); Brooker 1032 (same dies); North 2556; SCBC 3057. Toned. Good VF. ($2000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Davissons 37 (21 February 2018), lot 159.

326


Published by Lockett

1416. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (41mm, 15.17 g, 5h). Exeter mint; im: rose/castle. Dated 1645. შ CAROLVS · D · G · MA · BR · FR · ET · HI · REX, Charles on horseback facing slightly left, holding sword and reins / ჼ CHRISTO : AVSPICE : REGNO : 1645, coat-of-arms. Besly N49.3 = Bull 665/49 = Brooker 1057 = R.C. Lockett, “Notes on the Mints of Truro and Exeter Under Charles I,” in BNJ XXII (1933-1937), 21 and pl. VI, 48 = (this coin); North 2569; SCBC 3077. A little ghosted, otherwise an attractive specimen. Richly toned. Near EF. Rare. ($3000) Ex John G. Brooker Collection, 1057 (purchased en bloc by Spink, 1986); R. C. Lockett (English Part II, Glendining, 11 October 1956), lot 2525; G. Hamilton-Smith (Glendining’s, 21 May 1919), lot 68; Cumberland Clark (Sotheby, Wikinson, & Hodge, 22 January 1914), lot 138; Elliot Fox Collection.

1417. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Shilling (31mm, 5.44 g, 4h). Exeter mint; im: rose. Dated 1644. შ CAROLVS · D · G · MA · BR · FR · ET · HI · REX, crowned bust left; XII (mark of value) behind / შ CHRISTO · AVSPICE · REGNO 1644, coat-of-arms. Besly C11; Brooker 1062 (same obv. die); North 2575; SCBC 3085. Small flan crack. Toned. VF. Rare. ($1000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 47 (16 September 1998), lot 2464.

1418. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (32.5mm, 15.19 g, 2h). Worcester mint; im: castle/helmet. Struck 1644-1645. ჼ CAROLVS : D’ G : MAG : BRIT : FRA[N : ET :] HIB REX, Charles, holding reins with left hand and sword in right, on horseback left; W below horse / : CHRISTO : AVSPICE : REGNO · უ ·, crowned coat-of-arms. Allen, Mints dies B/5; Bull 668/5 (same dies); Brooker 1140A (same dies); North 2587; SCBC 3096. Iirregular shaped flan. Deep old tone. Good VF for issue. Rare. ($5000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XL.1 (Spring 2015), no. 401735; Spink Numismatic Circular XCVII.6 (July 1989), no. 4101; Spink Numismatic Circular LXXXIII.3 (March 1975), no. 2080.

327


Bliss Plate Coin Ex Lessen, Burstal, Bliss, and Webb Collections

1419. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Shilling (32mm, 6.11 g, 8h). Worcester or Salopia (Shrewsbury) mint; im: –/pear. Struck 1643-1644. : CAROLVS : D : G: MAG : BRIT : FR : ET : HIB : REX, crowned bust left; XII (mark of value) to right / ჵ ·:· CHRISTO ◊ AVSPICE ◊ REGNO ◊ ·:·, coat-of-arms. Allen, Mints dies A/5; Brooker 1172 (same dies); North 2613; SCBC 3109. A pleasing coin with a severe portrait of the king. Struck on a broad flan. Toned. VF. Very rare. ($6000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex Marvin Lessen (Dix Noonan Webb 168, 29 January 2020), lot 926, purchased from Spink, December 1970; Spink Numismatic Circular LXXVIII.2 (February 1970), no. 1630; Spink Numismatic Circular LXXVII.9 (September 1969), no. 472; Dr. E. Burstal (Glendining’s, 15 May 1968), lot 472; T. Bliss (Part II, Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge, 15 May 1916), lot 452; H. Webb (Part I, Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge, 9 July 1894), lot 539.

Salopia Halfcrown

1420. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (35mm, 14.24 g, 7h). Salopia (Shrewsbury) mint; im: lis. Struck 1644. Ⴀ · CAROLVS · D · G · MAG [· BRI · FR · ET · HI · R]EX ·, Charles on horseback left, holding sword and reins / [Ⴀ C]HRI[STO : AVSPICE · ]REG[NO ·], crowned coat-of-arms. Allen, Mints dies K/56; Bull 677/56; Brooker 1167 (same dies); North 2609; SCBC 3127. Struck slightly off center on a squarish flan. Richly toned and with a charming naive depiction of the king and horse. Good VF for issue. Very rare. ($6000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection, purchased from Classical Numismatic Group, October 2015.

328


1421. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (36mm, 15.09 g, 12h). Chester mint; im: three gerbs with sword. Struck 1644. (three gerbs with sword) CAROLVS : D : G : MAG : BRI : FR · ET HIR : REX, Charles on horseback left, holding sword and reins; plume to upper right; CHST below / (three gerbs with sword) : CHRIST : AVSPICE : REGNO :, coat-of-arms. Lyall, Chester dies B/2; Bull 575; Brooker 1111 (same dies); North 2627; SCBC 3130. On a somewhat uneven, undulating flan typical of this rocker press issue. Edge split. Traces of luster. Good VF. Rare. ($4000) Lot includes an old ticket stating ‘Middleham Hoard?’

Choice Chester Halfcrown

1422. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (35mm, 14.49 g, 12h). Chester mint; im: –/cinquefoil. Struck 1644. ḧ CAROLVS : D : G : MAG : BRIT : FRAN ḧ ET · HIB · REX, Charles on horseback left, holding sword and reins / CHRISTO : AVSPICE : REGNO ḥ, crowned coat-of-arms. Lyall, Chester dies b/iii; Bull 580 = Brooker 1115 (this coin); North 2627; SCBC 3130. Small flan flaw on reverse, otherwise an excellent example struck on an unusually full flan with a strong portrait. Richly toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($6000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection, purchased from Classical Numismatic Group, April 2018; C. Adams (Spink 177, 1 December 2005), lot 245; John G. Brooker Collection, 1115 (purchased en bloc by Spink, 1986); Lord Smith of Marlowe (Rodney Smith) Collection (purchased by Spink, 1983); Spink Numismatic Circular LXXIX.10 (October 1971), no. 9511; Spink Numismatic Circular LXXI.4 (April 1963), no. 3129; Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 524 (January 1962), no. Y240; R. Carlyon-Britton (purchased en bloc by Seaby, 1959); Dr. E. C. Carter (purchased en bloc by Baldwin’s, 1950); G. Hamilton-Smith (Glendining’s, 23 May 1927), lot 329; W. Talbot Ready (15 November 1920), lot 711 (part of).

329


Newark Besieged

1423. STUART, Siege money. Newark. 1645-1646. AR Halfcrown (32x37mm, 13.71 g, 12h). In the name of Charles I. Dated 1645. Large crown; C R across field, XXX (mark of value) below / OBS: / NEWARK / I645. Brooker 1221 (same dies); North 2638; SCBC 3140. Old cabinet toning. Choice VF. Very rare for this date. ($3000) Ex P. Earthy Collection; Dr. E. Burstal (Glendining’s, 16 May 1968), lot 487.

1424. STUART, Siege money. Newark. 1645-1646. AR Halfcrown (31x36mm, 14.92 g, 12h). In the name of Charles I. Dated 1646. Large crown; C R across field, XXX (mark of value) below / OBS: / NEWARK / I646. Brooker 1222 (same dies); North 2638; SCBC 3140A. Attractively toned, some minor metal flaws. VF. ($2000)

1425 1426 1425. STUART, Siege money. Newark. 1645-1646. AR Shilling (32x39mm, 5.63 g, 12h). In the name of Charles I. Dated 1645. Large crown; C R flanking, XII (mark of value) below / OBS :/ NEWARK/ 1645. Brooker 1224 var. (rev. legend); North 2640; SCBC 3142. A few light marks on reverse under rich cabinet tone. Good VF. ($2000) 1426. STUART, Siege money. Newark. 1645-1646. AR Ninepence (32x40mm, 4.26 g, 12h). In the name of Charles I. Dated 1645. Large crown; C R flanking, IX (mark of value) below / OBS / NEWARKE/ 1645. Brooker 1226 var. (rev. legend); North 2641; SCBC 3145. Toned. VF. ($1000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection, purchased from Andy Singer.

330


1427. STUART, Siege money. Newark. 1645-1646. AR Sixpence (22x31mm, 3.05 g, 12h). In the name of Charles I. Dated 1646. Large crown; C R flanking, VI (mark of value) below / OBS :/ NEWARK/ 1646. Brooker 1228 (same dies); North 2642; SCBC 3146. Rich cabinet toning. VF. Rare. ($1500) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Reportedly ex John Quincy Adams and Descendants/Massachusetts Historical Society (Part II, Stack’s, 17 September 1971), lot 963.

Pontefract Besieged

1428. STUART, Siege money. Pontefract. 1648-1649. AR Shilling (30x36mm, 4.72 g, 12h). In the name of Charles I. Dated 1648, lozenge flan. DVM : SPIRO : SPERO, crowned CR / Castle gateway; OBS upwards to left; P C downwards to right; XII horizontal to right; 1648 in exergue. Brooker 1233; North 2647; SCBC 3149. Toned. Near VF. Rare. ($3000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection.

1429. STUART, Siege money. Pontefract. 1648-1649. AR Shilling (30mm, 3.97 g, 12h). In the name of Charles II. Dated 1648. Octagonal shaped flan. DVM : SPIRO : SPERO, large crown above C · R / CAROLVS : SECVИDVS : I648, castle gateway with flag; OBS to left, P C above, cannon protruding to the right. Brooker 1234 (same dies); North 2648; SCBC 3150. Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($6000) From the Arthur M. Fitts III Collection. Ex I. Gordon (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 2619; A. Wayne (Classical Numismatic Group 72, 14 June 2006), lot 2640; Bonham’s (3 October 2002), lot 435.

Further selections from the Arthur Fitts III collection of Charles I will be offered in future sales.

331


1430. COMMONWEALTH. Oliver Cromwell. Lord Protector, 1653-1658. AR Shilling (27mm, 5.99 g, 6h). Dies by Simon. Blondeau’s mint, Drury House, London. Dated 1658. OLIVAR · D · G · R · P · ANG · SCO · HIB &c PRO, laureate and draped bust left / PAX · QVÆRITVR · BELLO, crowned garnished coat-of-arms; 16 58 above. Lessen J28; ESC 1005; North 2745; SCBC 3228. Lovely iridescent toning, light scratches in obverse field under tone. Near EF. ($2000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 81 (20 May 2009), lot 1402; Davissons 22 (28 April 2005), lot 221; Bebee (Bowers & Merena, 26 August 1987), lot 3439.

Charles II Five Guineas

1431. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. AV Five Guineas (36mm, 41.76 g, 6h). Milled coinage. Dually dated 1680/79 and RY tricesimo secundo. Laureate head right / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around central design of four interlocked monograms; scepters in angles. MCE 21 (overdate unlisted); SCBC 3331 (same). In NGC encapsulation 5912433-001, graded AU 50. Attractively toned with traces of luster. Rare. ($25,000)

332


1432. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. AV Two Guineas (31mm, 16.66 g, 6h). Dated 1664. CAROLVS · II · DEI · GRATIA, laureate first bust right / MAG · BR · FRA · ET · HIB · REX · 16 64 ·, crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around central design of four interlocked monograms; scepters in quarters. MCE 31; SCBC 3333. In NGC encapsulation 5914546001, graded VF 35 (incorrectly citing pedigree of Dundee & Lariviere). Lightly toned, traces of underlying luster. Very rare with no elephant below bust. ($5000)

1433. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. AR Shilling (26mm, 6h). Dated 1668. Laureate and draped first bust right / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around rayed Garter star; interlocking Cs in angles. ESC 1029; MCE 701; SCBC 3372. In NGC encapsulation 2795427-001, graded AU 55. Attractive iridescent toning. ($500) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

1434. STUART (ORANGE). William III & Mary. 1688-1694. AV Half-Guinea (21mm, 6h). Dated 1689. Jugate busts of William, laureate, and Mary right / Crowned coat-of-arms. MCE 161; SCBC 3427. In NGC encapsulation 3613618-001, graded XF 40. ($2000) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

1435. STUART (ORANGE). William III. 1694-1702. AV Half Guinea (21mm, 4.21 g, 6h). Dated 1695. GVLIELMVS IIII · DEI · GRA ·, laureate head right / · MAG · BR · FRA · ET HIB · REX 16 95, crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around central arms of Nassau; scepters in angles. MCE 189; SCBC 3466. In NGC encapsulation 5913905-002, graded MS61+. ($2000) Ex James & Martha Robertson Collection; Spink Numismatic Circular CIX.2 (April 2001), no. MG0270.

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1436. STUART (ORANGE). William III. 1694-1702. AR Shilling (26mm, 6h). Dated 1700. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed fifth bust right / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms; arms of Nassau at center. ESC 1121; MCE 884; SCBC 3516. In NGC encapsulation 2797835-001, graded MS 64. Satiny surfaces. ($500) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

1437. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AR Shilling (24mm, 6h). Early coinage. ‘Northumberland’ type. Dated 1763. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around rayed garter star. ESC 1214; MCE 1095; SCBC 3742. In NGC encapsulation 3734174-007 graded MS 61. Light iridescent toning. ($1500) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

1438. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AR Eighteenpence Token (27mm, 12h). Bank of England issue. Dated 1811. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Denomination and date within wreath. ESC 969; MCE –; SCBC 3771. In NGC encapsulation 2794459-003, graded MS 64. Attractive peripheral iridescent toning. ($500) From the Wayne G. Damron Collection.

1439. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. CU Pattern Dollar of Five Shillings and Sixpence (42mm, 32.78 g, 6h). Bank of England issue, Type K/5a. Dated 1811. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX., laureate and draped bust left; ᚫ · ᚫ on truncation of bust / BANK/TOKEN/5S. 6D./1811 in four lines; all within oak wreath; I · P · below tie. Davis 37; cf. L&S 129-130; ESC 206. In NGC encapsulation, 4740160-006, graded PF 65 BN. Most attractively toned with traces of underlying red. ($1500) Ex Spink 157 (15 November 2001), lot 541; H. Selig (Part II, Spink 131, 2 March 1999), lot 1252; Spink 16 (9 July 1981), lot 656.

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1440. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Proof AR Halfcrown (32mm, 14.31 g, 12h). New coinage. Dated 1816. Laureate bust right / Crowned and collared coat-of-arms. Edge: plain. ESC 615; SCBC 3788. In NGC encapsulation 4762389001, graded PF 63. Attractive deep purple toning. A rare proof. ($4000)

1824 Bare Head Pattern Halfcrown

1441. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. Proof Pattern AR Halfcrown (32mm). Dated 1824. GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA, bare head left; · 1824 · below / BRITANNIARUM REX FID : DEI :, coat-of-arms surmounted by crowned helmet with garland; below, banner reading DIEU ET MON DROIT. Edge: plain. Davies 190; Bull 2836; ESC 639B; cf. SCBC 3809. In NGC encapsulation 5916405-003 graded PF 64. Attractively toned with considerable underlying luster. Extremely rare. ($10,000) Ex Baldwin’s FPL (Winter 2009), no. BM077. No example of this rare pattern has sold at auction in the past ten years.

335


1853 Gothic Crown

1442. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Proof AR Crown (38mm, 12h). Gothic type. Dies by William Wyon. Dually dated 1853 (in Roman numerals) and RY d. septimo. Victoria dei gratia britanniar • reg : f : d •, crowned Gothic bust left / tueatur unita deus anno dom mdcccliii, crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around central Garter Star; rose, thistle and shamrock in quarters composed of arches ending in lis. L&S 69; Bull 2584; ESC 293; SCBC 3884. In NGC encapsulation 5916405-001 graded PF 63. Attractively toned with underlying brilliance. The key date in the Victorian Crown series. Very rare. ($20,000) Purchased from Spink 2008.

Gem Pattern Godless Florin

1443. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Proof Pattern AR Florin (27mm, 11.29 g, 12h). Godless type. Dies by William Wyon. Dated 1848. VICTORIA REGINA 1848, crowned bust left / ONE FLORIN ONE TENTH OF A POUND, crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around central rose; roses, thistle, and shamrock in quarters composed of arches with small lis at cusps. Edge: plain. Bull 2917; ESC 886. In NGC encapsulation 5912431-001 graded PF 66. A gem coin with beautiful iridescent toning. Rare. ($6000) 336


1444. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Proof Pattern AR Florin (27mm, 12h). London mint. Dies by William Wyon. Dated 1848. VICTORIA REGINA, head left, hair tied in bandeau / ONE CENTUM ONE TENTH OF A POUND, VR monogram with rose above, plumes below, shamrocks to left, and rose to right; all within quadrilobe decorated with quatrefoils; arches in angles. Edge: plain. Bull 2932; ESC 900. In NGC encapsulation 5915244-001 graded PF 64. Iridescent cabinet toning. Very rare. ($5000) Ex Spink 201 (26 November 2009), lot 504 (illustrated on front cover); Spink Numismatic Circular CXI.6 (December 2003), no. MS5747. Only the second to appear at auction in over ten years – PCGS PF 63 in Auction World 22 (17 October 2020), lot 2558 recently brought 94000 JPY (approx. $8900).

Extremely Rare 1890 Pattern Halfcrown

1445. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Pattern Silvered CU Halfcrown (33mm, 19.77 g, 12h). Dies by “PTB”. Dated 1890. VICTORIA REGNIA DEI GRATIA ·, crowned and veiled bust left / · BRITANNIAR : : REG · DEI · ·GRAT : FID : DEF · (lis) 1890 (lis) ·, four coats of arms divided by crowned scepter; across center, MODEL 1/2 CROWN. Bull 2811 (this coin illustrated, weight incorrectly listed for 2812); ESC 745A. In NGC encapsulation 5916405-002 graded MS 65. Lightly toned with underlying luster. Extremely rare. ($3000) Ex C. Adams (Spink 177, 1 December 2005), lot 738.

337


Standard Catalogue Plate Coin

1446. SCOTLAND. David II. 1329-1371. AR Groat (29mm, 4.26 g, 8h). Second coinage. Group A. Aberdeen mint. Struck 1357-1367. ม ē⍒VƩē Ḡ ēĚƩ Ḡ ŷˆ⍒ Ḡ ˆĚҩ Ḡ S⍛ɦ˶ɦˆVM, crowned small young bust left; lis-tipped scepter before; all within double linear tressure of seven arcs / ēNS ʐ ˶Ěý˶ɦˆ MS ℰ LƩB ⍒˶ɦˆ MS/VƩLL ⍒ Ḻ ⍒ BĚˆ ēɦN, long cross pattée; in quarters, pierced stars with central rosette. Burns 16 and fig. 225; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 376; SCBC 5103 (this coin illustrated). On a full flan. Richly toned. Good VF. Very rare in this grade for Aberdeen. ($2000) Ex Spink 230 (15 July 2015), lot 447; Clonterbrook Trust (Glendining 7 June 1974), lot 313; R.C. Lockett (Part II, Glendining, 26 October 1960), lot 798; T. Bearman, purchased by A.H. Baldwin circa 1922. Lot includes Bearman and A.H. Baldwin tickets.

1447. SCOTLAND. James I. 1406-1437. AV Demy (23mm, 3.29 g, 1h). Type III. Edinburgh mint; im: crown/cross pattée. ՟ ƩaýɱÏѝ˫ Ḽ ĕEƩ ŷʽaýƩa Ḽ ʽEҢ ˫ Ḽ, coat-of-arms within lozenge / ๘ ˫aȄѝѝ⍴ ჭ Ŗaý PɱPѝȄѝ⍴ Ḽ ˶ѝѝ⍴ Ḽ, St. Andrew’s Cross, flanked by lis to left and right, pellet below, cross below right lis; all on tressure of six arches, each arch ending in lis; in each external void, quatrefoil with open center. Burns 21 and fig. 484; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 632 (same dies); SCBC 5192. Toned. Good VF. Well pedigreed. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 108 (16 May 2018), lot 1221; H. Hird (Glendining/Spink, 6 March 1974), lot 23; R.C. Lockett (Part I, Glendining, 18 June 1957), lot 187; R.W. Cochran-Patrick (Part 1, Sotheby, 30 March 1936), lot 21.

Mint State Unicorn Standard Catalogue Plate Coin

1448. SCOTLAND. James V. 1513-1542. AV Unicorn (26mm, 3.75 g, 4h). First coinage, Type II. Edinburgh mint: im: crown. Struck circa 1518-1526. ՚ Ʊ´⍛ɦB⎍S / ĕeƱ / gˆ´ Ⴐ ˆeҢ Ⴐ S⍛ɦͿɦˆ⎍ ȵ, unicorn standing left, holding royal Scottish coat-of-arms, crown around neck; chained ring and St. Andrew’s cross below; double trilobe stop at end of legend / ՚ eҢѝˆg´Ϳ / ĕeѝS / eͿ Ḧ ĕƱSƱPenͿ / ƱnƱȵƱýƱ Ḧ e /, large twelve-rayed star over cross fleurée. Cf. Burns 4 (fig. 732); cf. SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian), 884-8; SCBC 5365. In NGC encapsulation 5914546-002, graded MS 63+. Lightly toned with traces of luster. Rare, especially so fine. ($7500) Ex L. LaRiviere (Spink 179, 29 March 2006), lot 83; Spink 82 (27 March 1991), lot 14; Dundee (Bowers & Ruddy 19 February 1976), lot 97.

338


Handsome Bonnet Piece

1449. SCOTLAND. James V. 1513-1542. AV Ducat – ‘Bonnet piece’ (22mm, 5.57 g, 12h). Third coinage. Dated 1540. (St. Andrew’s cross) IΛCOBVS • 5 • DEI • GRΛ • R • SCOTOR • 1540, bearded bust right, wearing bonnet; small annulet below TO in legend / + HONOR • REGIS • IVDICIVM • DILIGIT, crowned arms of Scotland over cross fleurée. Burns 4 (fig. 754); SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian), 905 (same dies); SCBC 5373. In NGC encapsulation 5913907-002, graded XF 45. Richly toned. A handsome example of this wonderful portrait type, the earliest dated issue of the British Isles. Rare. ($15,000) Ex Spink 9 (4 June 1980), lot 410 (hammer £6700); G.C. Drabble (Part 1, Glendining, 4 July 1939), lot 224.

1450. SCOTLAND. James V. 1513-1542. AR Groat (26mm, 2.61 g, 8h). Second coinage, Type III. Edinburgh mint. Struck 1526-1539. ม Ʃ⍒⍛ɨBѝS ≥ 5 ≥ ēeƩ ≥ ŷˆ⍒ ≥ ˆeҙ ≥ S⍛ɨ˶ɨˆѝ, crowned bust right, wearing chain; ≥ to left / ≥ ɨPPƩ ēѝ ≥ e ēƩnB ѝˆŷƩ, coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée; pellet above ѝ of ɨPPƩ ēѝ; triple pellet stops. Burns 3 and fig. 706 var. (no triple pellets behind); SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 935 var. (no chain; same rev. die); SCBC 5378. Attractive cabinet tone. Good VF. Well struck for issue. ($1500) Purchased from D. Hess, 1968.

Mary Abbey Crown Ex Archbishop Sharp

1451. SCOTLAND. Mary. 1542-1567. AV Abbey Crown – Twenty Shillings (25mm, 3.43 g, 6h). First period. Edinburgh mint; im: star/crown. Struck 1542. ṍ MΛRIΛ · DEI · GRΛ · REGINΛ · SCOTORVM, crowned coat-of-arms; cinquefoils flanking / ՚ · CRVCIS · ΛRMΛ · SEQVΛMVR, cross fleurée with quatrefoil at center; thistles in quarters. Murray, First, pp. 82-3; Burns 3 and (fig. 808 – same dies); SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 976 (same dies); SCBC 5390. Trace of double striking and a few very light marks. Good VF. Very rare. ($7500) Ex Archbishop Sharp (Morton & Eden 91, 7 December 2017), lot 283. Dr. John Sharp (1644-1714) was a clergyman who rose through the offices of the Church of England to become Archbishop of York in 1691. Sharp started collecting coins in 1687 and focused his energies primarily on the issues of the British Isles, acquiring many highly important rarities. Sharp was in contact with several other leading numismatists of his age, including Ralph Thoresby, to whom he addressed his manuscript, ‘Observations on the Coinage of England’, published in 1785. The great 19th Century numismatist, Roger Ruding, regarded this work as, “the first systematic treatise ever composed on the subject.” On Sharp’s death, the collection was left to his son and was kept together for some 250 years by his descendants. In the words of the late Harry Manville, ‘Sharp pedigrees are among the oldest available in British numismatics.’

339


1452. SCOTLAND. Mary. 1542-1567. AR Testoon (27mm, 6.07 g, 2h). First period, type IIIa. Edinburgh mint; im: cross potent/crown. Dated 1557. ภ MARIA · DEI · G · SCOTOR · REGINA 1557, crowned coat-of-arms; M R, each with annulet below, flanking / ՚ · VIRTVTE · IN · TVA · LIBERA · ME · 1557 · Jerusalem cross. Burns 16 and fig 791; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian), 1010-13 var. (legend punctuation); SCBC 5404. Deeply toned. Good VF. Well struck. ($1000) Ex MacDonald (Baldwin’s of vSt. James 29, 19 March 2019), lot 1376 (lot includes old Spink ticket).

1453. SCOTLAND. Mary. 1542-1567. AR Testoon (29mm, 6.12 g, 4h). Second period, Francis and Mary, Type II. Edinburgh mint. Dated 1560. ม FRAN · ET · MA · D · G · R · R · FRANCO · SCOTOR´ Q´, crowned conjoined arms of Francis and Mary; Greek cross and St. Andrew’s cross flanking / ภ · VICIT · LEO · DE · TRIBV · IVDA · 1560, crowned F·M monogram; crowned lis and crowned thistle flanking. Cf. Burns 12 and fig 883; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian), 1091 and 1093; SCBC 5417. Richly toned, a little soft in parts. VF. ($1000)

1454. SCOTLAND. Mary. 1542-1567. AR Ryal (43mm, 30.63 g, 1h). Fourth period, Mary and Henry Darnley. Edinburgh mint. Dated 1566. ม · MARIA · & · HENRIC’ · DEI · GRA · R · & · R · SCOTORV, crowned coat-of-arms of Scotland; thistles flanking / (thistle) · EXVRGAT · DEVS · & · DISSIPENTR · INIMCI EI9 ·, crowned palm tree, upon which tortoise climbs; scroll across field inscribed DAT GLORIA VIRES; 15 66 below. Burns 6 and fig 905; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian), 1123; SCBC 5425. Slight double strike on reverse. An attractive specimen with a deep purple tone. Near EF. Rare thus. ($3000)

340


1455. SCOTLAND. James VI. 1567-1625. AV Rider (28mm, 5.04 g, 3h). Seventh coinage. Edinburgh mint; im: quatrefoil. Dated 1599. ḯ · IACOBVS · 6 · D · G · R · SCOTORVM ·, armored figure of James riding right on caparisoned horse, holding sword in right hand and reins in left; · 1598 · in exergue / ḯ · SPERO · MELIORA ·, crowned coat-of-arms; Ʊ5ⅤⅤ. Cf. Burns 9-10 (fig. 953; SCBI 58 (Edinburgh) 1289-91 var. (no pellets flanking date); SCBC 5458. A found coin lightly brushed. Weak on horse’s head otherwise much as struck. EF. Rare. ($4000) Found in Somerford Keynes, Wiltshire (PAS WILT-2AB234).

Choice Two-thirds Ryal

1456. SCOTLAND. James VI. 1567-1625. AR Two-thirds ryal (38mm, 19.95 g, 2h). First coinage. Edinburgh mint. Dated 1568. ม ˘ IACOBVS · 6 · DEI · GRATIA · REX · SCOTORVM ˘, crowned royal coat-of-arms; crowned I R across field / ˘ PRO · ME · SI · MEREOR · IN · ME , upright sword surmounted by crown; hand pointing toward XX (mark of value); 15 68 across field. Burns 3; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) –; SCBC 5474. A well struck specimen on a broad flan. Toned. Near EF. Very rare in this grade. ($3000) Ex J.K.R. Murray (Spink 57, 29 April 1987), lot 254; N. Asherson Collection (not in Spink sale); R.C. Lockett (Part I, Glendining, 18 June 1957), lot 365B.

341


1457. SCOTLAND. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR 60 Shillings (44mm, 30.00 g, 5h). First coinage. Edinburgh mint; im: thistle. Struck 1625-1634. (thistle) CAROLVS · D · G · MAG · BRIT · FRAN · · · · (over &&) HIB · REX ·, Charles on caparisoned horse right, holding sword and reins / (thistle) · QVÆ · DEVS · CONIVNXIT · NEMO · SEPARET ·, coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Murray, p. 131; Burns 1 and fig 996; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 1410 (same dies); SCBC 5540. Lightly toned, slight weakness on king’s shoulder, traces of underlying luster. Near EF. Detailed portrait. ($4000) Ex A. Chesser (Dix Noonan Webb 113, 17 September 2013), lot 342.

1458. SCOTLAND. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR 30 Shillings (36.5mm, 14.92 g, 7h). First coinage. Edinburgh mint; im: thistle. Struck 1625-1634. (thistle) CAROLVS · D · G · MAG · BRIT · FRAN · & · HIB · REX ·, Charles on caparisoned horse right, holding sword and reins / (thistle) · QVÆ · DEVS · CONIVNXIT · NEMO · SEPARET ·, coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Murray, p. 131 and pl. III, 13; Burns 21 and fig 997; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 1411-12; SCBC 5541. Toned. Choice VF. ($750) Ex B. Dawson (Dix Noonan Webb 157, 21 March 2019), lot 182.

342


Beautifully Toned Proof Six Shillings

1459. IRELAND. George III. 1760-1820. Proof AR Six Shillings (42mm, 26.91 g, 12h). Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1804. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX., laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / BANK OF IRELAND TOKEN SIX SHILLINGS, Hibernia seated left on outcrop, holding palm frond and resting arm on harp set on ground; 1804 below. SCBI 22 (Copenhagen) 467; D&F 616; SCBC 6615. In NGC encapsulation 4768011-001, graded PF 64. Spectacular mottled tone. ($3000)

BRITISH MEDALS

1460. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. AV Medal (25.5mm, 31.30 g, 12h). Official Coronation issue. By B. Pistrucci. Dated 1821 (in Roman numerals). GEORGIUS IIII D · G · BRITANNIARUM REX F · D ·, laureate head left; B ·P · below truncation of neck / PROPRIO JAM JURE ANIMO PATERNO · (now in his own right with paternal spirit), George seated left on throne, being crowned by Victory to right; to left, Britannia, Hibernia, and Scotia standing right; all on entablature with B ·P ·; in exergue in three lines, INAUGURATUS/DIE · JULII · XIX/ANNO · MDCCCXXI (crowned on the 19th day of July). BHM 1070; Eimer 1146a. Hairlines and small repair in obverse field, traces of luster. EF. Rare. ($3000) 343


ANTIQUITIES

Gold Aramaic Talismanic Scroll and Scrollcase

1461. ANCIENT NEAR EAST. Gold Aramaic Talismanic Scroll and Scrollcase. Late 3rd-6th centuries AD. (Embossed sheet gold: 15.6 x 3.6cm). A scroll case with loop for suspension to hold a gold sheet (now flattened), embossed with a talismanic text in Literary Syriac, a later adaptation of Aramaic in Western provinces of the Ancient Near East. Similiar texts have been found across the region with Christian, Zoroastrian, and Islamic prayers and protections. Cf. “Gold Curse Tablets Unearthed in Serbia,� Archaeology (magazine) website article, 9 August 2016, for a similar gold document in Aramaic found at a Roman site in Serbia (https://www.archaeology.org/news/4714-160809-viminacium-curse-tablet). This piece has been professionally restored and mounted. ($7500) The practice of using these talismanic scrolls continued into much later practice in many parts of the Ancient Near East. On the border of Iraq and Iran, Mandaic scripts are found in contemporary practice. Further use of these talismanic containers and sheet prayers are common among the Turkic peoples of the Ancient Near East and were still in use to the end of the Ottoman Empire.

End of Session 4

344


GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

Please refer to our online bibliography at www.cngcoins.com for a complete listing of specialized and general references used, and abbreviations.

ANCIENT Banti BMC BMCRE BN Bodenstedt Boehringer Bopearachchi Depeyrot Calicó CNS Crawford CRI Fischer-Bossert Flament Hendin HN Italy Meshorer MK MIR Price Prieur RIC RPC RSC SC Sellwood SNG ANS SNG BM Black Sea SNG Copenhagen SNG France SNG Kayhan SNG Levante SNG Lloyd SNG Lockett SNG München SNG von Aulock Starr Svoronos Traité Weidauer

A. Banti. I grandi bronzi imperiali. 9 Vols. Florence. 1983-1986. Various authors. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum. 29 Vols. London. 1873-1927. H. Mattingly et al. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. 6 Vols. London. 1932-1962. J. Giard. Bibliothèque Nationale, catalogue des monnaies de l’empire romain. 3 Vols. Paris. 1976-present. F. Bodenstedt. Die Elektronmünzen von Phokaia und Mytilene. Tübingen. 1981. E. Boehringer. Die Münzen von Syrakus. Berlin and Leipzig. 1929. O. Bopearachchi. Monnaies Gréco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. Paris. 1991. G. Depeyrot. Les monnaies d’or (Diocletian à Constantin I, Constantin II à Zenon). Wetteren. 1995-1996. X. Calicó. The Roman avrei catalogue. 2 Vols. Barcelona. 2002. R. Calciati. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum: la monetazione di bronzo. 3 Vols. Italy. 1983-87. M. Crawford. Roman Republican Coinage. 2 Vols. Cambridge. 1974. D. Sear. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 BC. London. 1998. W. Fischer-Bossert. Chronologie der Didrachmenprägung von Tarent 510-280 v.Chr. Berlin 1999. C. Flament. Le monnayage en argent d’Athènes. De l’époque archaïque à l’époque hellénistique (c. 550-c. 40 av. J.-C.). Lovainla-Neuve. 2007. D. Hendin. Guide to Biblical Coins. 5th Edition. New York. 2010. N.K. Rutter, ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. London. 2001. Y. Meshorer. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. Jerusalem. 2001. R. Göbl. Münzprägung des Kušanreiches. Vienna. 1984. R. Göbl, et al. Moneta Imperii Romani. 5 Vols. Vienna. 1984-present. M.J. Price. The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. London. 1991. M. Prieur. A type corpus of the Syro-Phoenician tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 253. Lancaster. 2000. H. Mattingly, et al. The Roman Imperial Coinage. 10 Vols. London. 1923-1994. A. Burnett, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. 3 Vols and 2 Suppls. London and Paris. 1992-present. D. Sear, et al. Roman Silver Coins. 5 Vols. London. 1978-1987. A. Houghton & C. Lorber. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. 2 Parts. Lancaster. 2002 and 2008. D. Sellwood. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia. 2nd edition. London. 1980. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, American Numismatic Society. New York. 1969-present. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, British Museum, 1: The Black Sea. London. 1993. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Danish National Museum. Copenhagen. 1942-1979. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque Nationale. Paris. 1993-2001. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. Istanbul. 2002. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Switzerland; E Levante - Cilicia. Bern. 1986. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Lloyd Collection. London. 1933-1937. Sylloge Nummorum Greacorum, Lockett Collection. London. 1938-1949. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, München Staatlische Münzsammlung. Berlin. 1968-present. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Berlin. 1957-1968. C. Starr. Athenian coinage 480-449 BC. London. 1970. J. Svoronos. Τὰ νομίσματα τοῦ κράτους τῶν Πτολεμαίων. Athens. 1904-08. E. Babelon. Traité des monnaies grecques et romaines. 9 Vols. Paris. 1901-1932. L. Weidauer. Probleme der frühen Elektronprägung. Fribourg. 1975.

BYZANTINE, MEDIEVAL, WORLD, and BRITISH Album S. Album. A Checklist of Popular Islamic Coins. 3rd ed. Santa Rosa. 2011. Biaggi E. Biaggi. Monete e zecche medievali italiane dal seculo VIII al seculo XV. Torino. 1992. Bitkin V. Bitkin. Composite Catalogue of Russian Coins. 2 vols. Kiev. 2003. BMC Vandals W. Wroth. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths and Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea and Trebizond in the British Museum. London. 1911. (Reprinted as Western and Provincial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum.) CIS S. Goron and J.P. Goenka. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates. New Delhi. 2001. CNI Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. 20 Vols. Rome. 1910-1943. Davenport J.S. Davenport. Various works on European crowns. ESC H.A. Seaby & P.A. Rayner. The English Silver Coinage from 1649. London. 1992. Friedberg R. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World. 8th ed. Clifton. 2009. KM C.L. Krause & C. Mishler. Standard Catalogue of World Coins. Krause Publications. Iola. Levinson R.A. Levinson. The Early Dated Coins of Europe. Clifton, NJ. 2007. Lunardi G. Lunardi. Le monete delle repubblica di genova. Genoa. 1975. MEC P. Grierson & M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage. Cambridge. 1986. MIB W. Hahn. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. 3 Vols. Vienna. 1973-81. MIBE W. Hahn and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Incipient Byzantine Empire. Vienna. 2000. MIR Various. Monete Italiane Regionali. 5 Vols. Pavia. ND. NM G. Depeyrot. Le numéraire mérovingien. 5 vols. Wetteren. 1998-2001. North J.J. North. English Hammered Coinage. 2 Vols. London. 1963, 1975. SB D. Sear, et al. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. 2nd edition. London. 1987. SCBC Standard Catalogue of British Coins. London. Annually. SCBI Various authors. Sylloge of the Coins of the British Isles.

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CNG Classical Numismatic Group, LLC

Post Office Box 479, Lancaster, PA 17608-0479 • Tel: (717) 390-9194 Fax: (717) 390-9978 20 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QA • Tel: +44 (20) 7495 1888 Fax: +44 (20) 7499 5916 Email: cng@cngcoins.com • www.cngcoins.com

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Triton XXIV Sessions 2-4 Virtual Catalog  

Triton XXIV Sessions 2-4 Virtual Catalog  

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