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TRITON XXIV

NVMMIS HISTORIAM DISCENS

The Peter J. Merani Collection (Part 1)

Session I

January 19, 2021


TRITON XXIV January 19–20, 2021 To Be Conducted Live Online

NVMMIS HISTORIAM DISCENS

The Peter J. Merani Collection (Part 1)

Classical Numismatic Group, LLC

United States Office: PO Box 479, Lancaster, PA 17608-0479, U.S.A. Tel: (717) 390-9194 Fax: (717) 390-9978

United Kingdom Office: 20 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QA, U.K. Tel: +44 (20) 7495 1888 Fax: +44 (20) 7499 5916

Email: cng@cngcoins.com

Website: www.cngcoins.com


Grading Conditions English

Proof Mint State/Uncirculated Extremely Fine (EF) Very Fine (VF) Fine Good/Fair

Deutsch

Français

Polierte Platte Stempelglanz Vorzüglich Sehr Schön Schön Gut

Flan Bruni Fleur de Coin Superbe Très Beau Beau Bien

Italiano

Fondo Specchio Fior di Conio Splendido Bellissimo Molto Bello Bello

Common Abbreviations

AD Anno Domini BE Bithynio-Pontic Era IY Indictional Year Æ Bronze BI Billon MBS Mail Bid Sale AE Actian Era CE Common Era mm Mintmark AH Anno Hegirae Cf. Confer (compare) PB Lead AR Silver c/m Countermark p. Page AV Gold CY Civic Year (Era) pl. Plate BBS Buy or Bid Sale EL Electrum RPE Roman Provincial Era BC Before Christ FPL Fixed Price List RY Regnal Year BCE Before the Common Era g Gram SE Seleukid Era See Bibliography on our website, www.cngcoins.com, for a complete list of reference abbreviations.

Bank Accounts Beneficiary: Classical Numismatic Group, LLC US$ Account:

€ Account:

PNC Bank, N.A. 249 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh PA 15222 Account Number: 5005069595 ABA Number: 031000053 BIC or SWIFT: PNCCUS33

£ Account:

HSBC Bank plc 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TR Account Number: 84309198 Sort code: 40 12 76 IBAN: GB82HBUK40127684309198

HSBC Bank plc 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TR Account Number: 71170910 Sort code: 40 11 60 IBAN: GB45HBUK40116071170910

BIC or SWIFT: HBUKGB4B BIC or SWIFT: HBUKGB4B

Classical Numismatic Group, LLC is a United States limited company. United Kingdom Registration No. FC035702, Branch No. BR020787. All lots in this auction were in the possession of CNG in CNG’s Lancaster, Pennsylvania office no later than 11 November 2020. This information is provided for the protection of buyers in the event that US import restrictions are introduced subsequent to that date on any of the types of coins and antiquities that are included in this auction.

Notice Regarding “Slabs”

Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”).

Acknowledgement CNG would like to thank Jan Moens (jan.moens@bvdmc.com) for creating and providing the Numismatica Medievalis font used in this sale.

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AUCTION TERMS 6. Estimates are in U.S. dollars ($US) and bids must be in even dollar ($) amounts. CNG will execute mail bids on behalf of mail bidders. Subject to reserves and opening prices, mail bids will be executed at one bidding increment (approximately 10%) over the next highest bid. In the case of identical bids, the earliest bid wins. A mail bid has priority over an identical floor bid. Bid by lot number. No lots will be broken. Bidders are responsible for errors in bidding. Check your bid sheet carefully.

This is a public, mail bid, and internet auction conducted by Classical Numismatic Group, LLC (CNG). Bidding in the auction constitutes acceptance of the following terms: 1. The property listed in this catalogue is offered for sale by CNG for itself and as agent for various owners and other consignors. We reserve the right to reject any bid, to determine the opening price, to set bidding increments, to vary the order of the auction, to reopen bidding in the case of a dispute, to withdraw any lot, to bid on behalf of CNG, to bid on behalf of the consignor, to permit the auctioneer to bid on his own behalf, and to permit the consignor to bid on his own lots. CNG may loan or advance money to consignors or prospective bidders, and may have an interest other than commission charges in any lot. CNG may bid on its own account as an “insider” with information not available to the public.

7. All lots are subject to reserve unless otherwise indicated. However, no reserve will be higher than the estimate, and ordinarily lots are reserved at 60% of estimate. 8. Bidders personally guarantee payment for their successful bids, including bidders executing commission bids from other parties and bidders representing corporations or other entities. Buyers accepting commission bids from other parties do so at their own risk and remain responsible for payment under these Auction Terms.

2. A buyer’s fee will be charged to all successful bidders as follows on the hammer price: A. 22.5% for written, fax, email, telephone, and live internet bids. B. 20% for floor bids placed in person at the auction and electronic bids placed directly on www.cngcoins.com. All written bids, email bids, non-live telephone bids, live internet bid registrations, and live telephone bid registrations must be received before 5PM Eastern time on the day before the auction begins. CNG reserves the right to change the format of www.cngcoins.com at any time.

9. At the conclusion of bidding for each lot, the sale contract is concluded and the successful bidder becomes liable for immediate payment under these Auction Terms. In the event a successful bidder fails to make full payment within 30 days of the auction date, CNG reserves the right either: (a) to require payment as provided under these Auction Terms; or (b) to deem the sale incomplete and to re-auction the material, in which case the successful bidder agrees to pay for the reasonable cost of such a sale and also to pay any shortfall between the re-auction price and the successful bidder’s purchase price. CNG reserves all rights that it is entitled to under the Pennsylvania Uniform Commercial Code, including the right to offset any sums due from a successful bidder against any future consignment or purchase or monies or goods in possession of CNG.

3. All coins are guaranteed genuine. Attribution, date, condition, and other descriptions are the opinion of the cataloguer, and no warranty is expressed or implied. Please note that an auction sale is not an approval sale. Lots examined prior to the sale and lots purchased by floor bidders (including bidders executing commission bids on behalf of other parties) may not be returned for any reason except lack of authenticity. All claims of misdescription and all claims of return, except claims regarding authenticity, must be made within 5 days of receipt of material. Any claim of lack of authenticity must be made in writing by the original purchaser immediately after discovery that an item is not authentic, and upon making such a claim the original purchaser must immediately return the lot to CNG in the same condition as at the time of the auction. Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”). If payment is made by credit card, rights of return are governed by these Auction Terms which supercede any rights of return promulgated by the card issuer. Estimates are intended as a guide only and not as a statement of opinion of value.

10. Sales tax, postage, handling and insurance are the responsibility of the buyer and are added to all invoices where appropriate. For buyers in the European Union, CNG may import lots into the United Kingdom prior to shipment and charge buyers the import Value Added Tax. On any tax not paid by the purchaser which should have been paid, even if not invoiced by CNG, the purchaser agrees to pay the same on demand together with any interest or penalty that may be assessed. It is the responsibility of the buyer to comply with foreign customs and other regulations. 11. Prices realized are published after the sale and are mailed with CNG’s next publication. Prices realized are also posted after the sale on CNG’s web site: www.cngcoins.com 12. Bidders hereby waive any claim for incidental, consequential or exemplary damages arising from this auction. The sole remedy that any participant in the auction shall have for any claim or controversy arising out of the auction shall be a refund, without interest, of all or part of the purchase price paid by the participant.

4. Invoices are due and payable immediately upon receipt. Interest and late fees of 2.0% per month, or at the highest rate permitted by law, whichever is less, from the date of the auction, shall be payable on invoices not settled within 30 days of the auction date. Payment may be made by check or bank wire. Credit cards (Visa or MasterCard) will be accepted; credit card payments will not be accepted more than 14 days after the sale date. Payment by credit card for printed sale auctions will be charged a 2.5% handling fee. Payment by check must be made in either US dollars ($) drawn on a US bank or British sterling (£) drawn on a British bank. All successful bidders outside North America and the United Kingdom will be charged an additional $20 fee for bank charges that are the result of international wire transfer fees; this fee will be deducted for credit card or check payment as described above. CNG may reduce or compromise any charge or fee at its discretion.

13. All rights granted by CNG or otherwise available to bidders and purchasers, under these Auction Terms or otherwise, are personal and may not be assigned or transferred to any other person or entity, whether by operation of law or otherwise. No third party may rely on any benefit or right conferred by these Auction Terms. Bidders acting as agents must disclose the agency in writing to CNG prior to the auction; otherwise rights are limited to the agent and are not transferable to the undisclosed principal. 14. Any dispute regarding this auction shall be governed by the laws of Pennsylvania and shall be adjudicated only by the Lancaster County Court of Common Pleas or the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania; all bidders submit themselves to the personal jurisdiction of these courts for this purpose, consent to service of process by registered or certified mail, and waive any contrary provisions of Articles 14 or 15 of the French Civil Code and any similar provisions in any jurisdiction. All bidders consent to the confidentiality of consignors’ identities and waive any right to require disclosure of the name of the consignor or owner of any auction lot, whether such right is based on New York GOL §5-701(a) or any other provision in any jurisdiction. In any dispute regarding this auction, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its reasonable costs and attorney fees.

5. Bidders not known to us must provide us with satisfactory credit references or pay a deposit as determined at CNG’s discretion before bidding. Minors are not permitted to bid without written consent of a parent guaranteeing payment. CNG may require payment in full from any bidder prior to delivery of lots. Title does not pass until lots are paid in full. Upon receipt of lots, the buyer assumes full responsibility for loss or damage. Delivery to the buyer’s address of record shall constitute receipt by the buyer regardless of the identity of the person accepting delivery. 3


Meet the Team

Mike Gasvoda

Victor England

Eric McFadden

Dave Michaels

Steve Pruzinsky

David Guest

Paul Hill

Bradley R. Nelson

D. Scott VanHorn

Kerry Wetterstrom

Ken McDevitt

Bill Dalzell

Caroline Holmes

Jeffrey B. Rill

Lance Hickman

Travis Markel

Ally Martin

Dylan Ossman

Karen Zander

Alexandra Spyra

Managing Director Lancaster Office

Managing Numismatist London Office

Managing Numismatist Sale Development Lancaster Office

Manager IT & Production Lancaster Office

Consulting Director Lancaster Office

Managing Numismatist London Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Photography Lancaster Office

Consulting Director London Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist London Office

Photography Lancaster Office

Director Shows & Consignments Lancaster Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Office Manager Lancaster Office

Chief Financial Officer Lancaster Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Office Manager London Office

Additional Support IT Consultant: A.J. Gatlin Printing Control: Robert A. Trimble Auctioneers: Jeffrey B. Rill (License No. AU006206) Brian Callahan (License No. AU005870)

Sharon Pruzinsky Accounting Lancaster Office

Kate Rill

Customer Relations Manager Lancaster Office

Julia Motter

Office Staff Lancaster Office


Participate in Triton XXIV using CNG’s New Bidding Portal

With the new CNG Bidding Portal, you can: • Log on and bid at any time at auctions.cngcoins.com • View the lots, follow the bidding, and see hammer prices as they are sold • Hear and see the auctioneer live • Enjoy all the advantages of an auction room bidder to win your favorite lots To bid live in the Triton auction: • Visit our new Bidding Portal before the auction at auctions.cngcoins.com • Register online with your email address and a password • Once approved, you may place pre-bids up until the moment the lot opens in the auction room • On the auction day, login to join the auction and participate live Please Note • If you have not already registered for our new bidding platform, launched in November 2019, you must create a new registration at auctions.cngcoins.com/register. Your old cngcoins.com handle and password will not allow you to log on or bid. • You must register to bid before 5PM EST on Monday, January 18, 2021 • All lots won through the CNG Bidding Portal will be subject to a 20% buyer’s fee

Download our new app today.

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Important Notice of Changes Due to the current situation regarding the novel coronavirus COVID-19, governments may change restrictions upon public gatherings and travel. It is therefore possible that all of the information below, regarding venue, lot viewing, and lot pickup, as well as the terms of sale listed above, may change. CNG will communicate any changes via email and social media (Facebook and Twitter).

Lot Viewing Lancaster, PA

Auction lots may be viewed at our Lancaster Office from December 2, 2020 until January 18, 2021, by appointment only. Lancaster Office Hours: 10 AM - 5 PM (Monday - Friday).

Online Viewing Enlargements of all single lots and selected multiple lots may be viewed on the internet at

CNGCOINS.COM SIXBID.COM NumisBids.com We are sorry, but photographs of individual coins in multiple lots cannot be provided.

Auction Location This Sale will be conducted live Online from our Lancaster, PA Office

Lot Pickup Lots will be mailed from our Lancaster, PA Office subsequent to the sale

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ORDER OF SALE Session One – Tuesday Morning – January 19 – 9:00 AM The Merani Collection (this catalog, see separate catalog for following sections). . . . . . . 1–330

Session Two – Tuesday Afternoon – January 19 – 2:00 PM Greek Coinage (part 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331–693

Session Three – Wednesday Morning – January 20 – 9:00 AM Greek Coinage (part 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694–831 Celtic Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 832–843 Oriental Greek Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844–854 Central Asian Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 855–882 Roman Provincial Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 883–928 Roman Republican & Imperatorial Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 929–984 Roman Imperial Coinage (part 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 985–1089

Session Four – Wednesday Afternoon – January 20 – 2:00 PM Roman Imperial Coinage (part 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1090–1163

Byzantine Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1164–1206

Early Medieval & Islamic Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1207–1232 World Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1233–1346 World Medals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1347–1358 British Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1359–1459 British Medals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1460 Antiquities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1461

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The Peter J. Merani Collection NVMMIS HISTORIAM DISCENS (“Learning history through coins”) Peter J. Merani was born on March 17, 1936 in his parents’ home in New York City. He was the son of Italian immigrants, Carlo and Maria Merani. His father was a law enforcement officer in Italy and subsequently worked as a waiter and cook upon immigrating to the United States. Peter died on February 12, 2020 after doing his best to live with cancer for as long and as well as he could. Peter is survived by Arlene, his wife of 57 years, his daughter Linda, son Peter, son-in-law Joseph, daughter-in-law Maria, and five grandchildren, Nicole, Amanda, Peter, Julia, and Stephen. He was a dedicated husband and father who loved his family very much. Peter attended school in East Harlem, NY where he discovered a love of Latin and history. He was awarded the Latin Medal upon graduation from Rice High School. He received his Bachelor of Arts from City College of New York and graduated with his Juris Doctor Degree from Brooklyn Law School in 1960. Upon graduation from Law School, Peter enlisted in the US Army Reserve and was sworn in as a New York State Attorney when he returned from training. Peter worked for Allstate Insurance Company as a Trial Attorney for well over 35 years. In 1999, he retired and embraced his next career as a New York State Mediator and Arbitrator. He was voted Best Individual Mediator by The New York Law Journal for 10 consecutive years. His areas of expertise included construction, labor law, personal injury, product liability, property damage, insurance coverage, and international law. He continued to practice law up until his death. Peter’s love of history collided with his Italian heritage in 1950 when he traveled to Italy with his family for the Roman Catholic Holy Year. He developed a deep passion for Roman and Vatican history and artwork at this time. It was a natural progression for him to become involved in numismatics, especially favoring those coins rich in Roman history, as this enabled him to hold a minted piece of historical art in his hands. Peter greatly enjoyed visiting museums throughout the world. This proclivity prompted him to become a member of the Patrons of the Arts at the Vatican Museum, where he took great pride in restoring various pieces of artwork through this organization. Love of history inevitably lead to a love of travel for Peter. He enjoyed seeing the world with his favorite travel companion, his wife, Arlene. They also traveled with their children and 8


grandchildren. Of course, his favorite place was Rome, where he repeatedly visited churches, museums, ancient ruins, catacombs and the Vatican. He enjoyed using his knowledge of Latin to translate wherever he could. While he frequently visited Italy, he also traveled extensively throughout the world, enjoying courts in London, more catacombs in Paris, the clock tower in Bruges, the marketplace of Morocco, castles of Scotland, and islands of Greece, to highlight a few. A few months before his death, he traveled to Israel, where he visited Masada, a lifelong dream. Unfortunately, Egypt was still on his bucket list. He was always so happy to return home, recount his experiences, and share his souvenirs with his family.

Numismatics and its history were very important to Peter. He took great pleasure in acknowledging the significance and history associated with each piece he collected. The majority of his collection consisted of gold and silver coins along with Papal seals and medals. His specialties were Roman Imperatorial, Roman Imperial coinage of the first century AD, and then from Constantine the Great through Byzantine, and Papal coinage. He also collected Greek coinage. His Papal gold medals are a highlight of his collection. He was also very interested in the Ptolemies of Egypt, as well as other pieces of Egyptian art and history. In his later years, he amassed quite a collection of Papal seals (bullae), mostly because of their Vatican connection and historical significance, which will be sold later this spring in Part II of his collection. Peter viewed his life as something out of a Horatio Alger novel, an immigrant’s son, raised in poverty, who through education and hard work became a successful, self-made man. A true rags to riches story, of which Peter was rightfully very proud. He never forgot where he came from. He considered his life a well-lived gift and he was sorry to leave it and his family. If there were a minted piece of history for successful men, full of love for their family, and grateful for their time, Peter’s coin image would be the most sought after.

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Session 1 – Tuesday, January 19, 2021 — 9 AM

GREEK COINAGE Pedigreed to 1932

1. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 6.52 g, 6h). Youth on horseback right, crowning self with wreath in right hand, holding reins in left; zW to upper left; zŬo and Ionic capital below horse / Phalanthos, holding aphlaston in right hand and distaff in left, riding dolphin left; Å2o to upper righttÅrÅ[s] below. Vlasto 803; HN Italy 1014. Deep iridescent tone, minor marks on obverse. Good VF. ($750) Ex CNG inventory 973515 (January 2014); G. Hirsch [Prague] (5 June 1935), lot 19; Helbing 70 (9 December 1932), lot 425. John Spring (Ancient Coin Auction Catalogues 1880-1980) notes: “Erich Cahn tells us that at the time of the Nazi persecution of 1934 ‘Heinrich Hirsch, the senior partner of Otto Helbing Nachf., emigrated to Switzerland. His son Gerhard [born 1903] moved ‘in the wrong direction’ to Prague, where he held a small number of sales, but in 1939 that business was obliged to close after the German annexation of Czechoslovakia. Gerhard Hirsch was interned at Theresienstadt and Auschwitz concentration camps, but he survived in relatively good health and returned to Munich in 1945, and after a period of working in the Justice Ministry he opened a new coin business there in 1953.’ This continues as Gerard Hirsch Nachf. to the present day...”

2. LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos (19.5mm, 7.31 g, 1h). Philistion group. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with griffin; d above visor, [f before neck] / Lion standing right; above, pentagram between f and 5; UE¬˙tW@ in exergue. Williams 424v (O210/R300 – this coin); HN Italy 1306; SNG ANS 1367 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 1580 (same dies); SNG Lockett 566 (same dies); BMC 102 (same dies). Attractively toned, area of minor porosity on obverse, scratches. VF. ($500) Ex Berk BBS 165 (28 July 2009), lot 127; Banca Italiana di Sconto Collection (Santamaria, 27 March 1928), lot A.69.

3. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 430-425 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.51 g, 6h). Head of Apollo left, wearing laurel wreath / Head of roaring lion right; 6E-o-n-t5-n-on around; three barley grains above, to left, and below; leaf behind. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 55 (same dies); HGC 2, 671 (same dies as illustration); SNG ANS 257 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1063 (same obv. die); Basel 353 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXIV, 4 (same dies). Attractive light toning over lustrous surfaces, usual small die break in hair. EF. ($3000) Ex J. Olphin Collection (CNG inventory 851453, August 2009).

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4. SICILY, Morgantina. The Sikeliotes. Circa 214-213 BC. AR 8 Litrai (22mm, 6.78 g, 5h). Head of Persephone left, wearing wreath of grain ears and veil; leaf to right / Nike, wearing long chiton, holding kentron in right hand and reins in both, driving fast quadriga right; ` above, %5˚E¬5WtÅ@ in exergue. Erim & Jaunzems Group II; BAR Issue 3; Campana 12; SNG ANS 1168; SNG Lloyd 1578; Gillet 694; Gulbenkian 362 = Bement 557; Jameson 885. Light iridescent tone, minor die breaks, a few scratches, faint doubling on obverse. EF. Rare. ($3000) Ex J. Olphin Collection (CNG inventory 851468, August 2009); Classical Numismatic Group XXIV (9 December 1992), lot 191.

Ex Moretti and Allotte de la Fuÿe – Illustrated in Boehringer

5. SICILY, Syracuse. Hieron I. 478-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.38 g, 3h). Struck circa 478-475 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with wreath held in both hands / Head of Arethousa right, wearing pearl tainia, single-pendant earring, and necklace; s¨‰A˚os5o-˜ and four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XIa, 207E.1 (V93/R139 – this coin, illustrated on p. 152); HGC 2, 1306. Lightly toned, minor die wear, indications of undertype on obverse. VF. ($2000) Ex Edward J. Waddell. Ltd. inventory 42853 (July 2004); A.D. Moretti Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica O, 13 May 2004), lot 1386; Allotte de la Fuÿe Collection (Florange-Ciani, 17 February 1925), lot 118.

6. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.17 g, 2h). Struck circa 430 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands / Head of Arethousa right, wearing wide tainia, earring, and necklace; sUrÅ˚os5o@ to right, four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XIX, 628 (V319/R432); HGC 2, 1316; SNG ANS 200 (same dies); BMC 101 (same dies); SNG München 1030 (same dies); Boston MFA 385 = Warren 336 (same dies); de Luynes 1180 (same dies). Lightly toned, minor scuff on reverse. VF. Struck on a broad flan. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 81 (20 May 2009), lot 165.

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Ex American Numismatic Society and Leggett Collections

7. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 17.01 g, 1h). Obverse die signed by Eumenos, reverse die signed by Eukleidas. Struck circa 415-409 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand and reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with laurel wreath held in both hands; [E-¨]µ˙@o¨ in exergue / Head of Arethousa left, wearing hoop earring and pearl necklace; sUrÅ˚os5os above, E¨˚¬>E5dÅ in two lines on diptych below chin, four dolphins swimming around. Fischer-Bossert, Coins 24o (V9/R16 – this coin); Tudeer 24; HGC 2, 1328; SNG ANS 259 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1368 (same dies); BMC 193 (same dies); Boston MFA 401–2 = Warren 371–2 (same dies); Gillet 612 (same dies); Hunterian 60 (same dies); de Luynes 1207 (same dies); Ognina 287 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XLII, 13 (same dies). Iridescent tone, slightly off center. VF. ($3000) Ex Berk BBS 166 (15 October 2009), no. 35; Duplicates from the American Numismatic Society Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 355; ANS accession no. 1997.9.40, from the Estate of John D. Leggett, Jr., 1997; Numismatic Fine Arts XXVIII (23 April 1992), lot 579.

8. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.22 g, 3h). From unsigned dies in the style of Eukleidas. Struck circa 405 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath held in both hands; in exergue, dolphin left / Head of Arethousa left; [sUr-Å-˚o-s-5-W-@] and four dolphins around. Fischer-Bossert, Coins 97 (V34/R66) = Tudeer 97; HGC 2, 1345; SNG ANS 298 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 682 (same dies); SNG Fitzwilliam 1254 (same dies); Bement 523 (same dies); McClean 521 (same dies). A few light marks on obverse, flan flaw on reverse. Good VF. ($5000) Ex J. Olphin Collection (CNG inventory 851482, August 2009); Classical Numismatic Group 35 (20 September 1995), lot 73.

9. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.18 g, 7h). Struck circa 317-310 BC. Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; three dolphins around, f5 below neck / Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; counterclockwise triskeles above, sUrÅkos5W[@] and [ in exergue. Ierardi 67a (O12/R43 – this coin); BAR Issue 2; HGC 2, 1348; SNG ANS 640–1 (same obv. die); McClean 2817 (same obv. die). Attractively toned. Near EF. ($3000) Ex CNG inventory 160084 (January 2006); Münzen und Medaillen AG 37 (5 December 1968), lot 148; Engle-Gros Collection (Feuardent, 17 December 1921), lot 15.

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10. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.14 g, 11h). Struck circa 310-306/5 BC. Head of Kore right, wearing wreath of grain ears, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; ˚orÅs to left / Nike standing right erecting trophy to right; 5 to lower left, clockwise triskeles to lower right, [Å]˝ÅQo˚¬Eo[s] in exergue. Ierardi 86 (O17/R57); BAR Issue 23; HGC 2, 1536; SNG ANS 664 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd 1488 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 764 (same dies); SNG Delepierre 703 (same dies). Iridescent tone, weak strike on high points. Good VF. ($2000) Ex Jacob Stein Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 44 (displayed at the Cincinnati Art Museum, 1994-2008, no. 59 of exhibition of 182 coins from his collection), purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd., July 1988.

Ex Stack Collection – CCO Plate Coin

11. SICILY, Syracuse. Philistis, wife of Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AR 16 Litrai – Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 13.58 g, 6h). Struck circa 240-218/5 BC. Diademed and veiled head left; grain ear to right / Nike, holding reins in both hands, driving fast quadriga right; ˚5 above, grain ear below. CCO 62.4 (D16/R39 – this coin, illustrated); BAR Issue 65; HGC 2, 1554; BMC 548 (same obv. die); Hirsch 738 (same dies); Ward 338 (same dies). Attractive old cabinet tone, small edge split. Near EF. ($3000) Ex Lawrence R. Stack Collection (Stack’s, 14 January 2008), lot 2131; Stack’s (10 June 1996), lot 163; Galerie des Monnaies [Lausanne] 11 (15 March 1970), lot 411; Münzen und Medaillen AG 37 (5 December 1968), lot 157.

12. CARTHAGE. Circa 310-290 BC. EL Stater (19.5mm, 7.51 g, 11h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with ten pendants; pellet before neck / Horse standing right; three pellets below exergue line. Jenkins & Lewis Group V, 288 (same dies); CNP 2.10f; MAA 10; Boston MFA 502; Weber 8492. A hint of die rust on obverse. Good VF. ($2000) Ex J. Olphin Collection (CNG inventory 851497, August 2009); George & Robert Stevenson Collection (Classical Numismatic Group XXVI, 11 June 1993), lot 47.

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13. SKYTHIA, Geto-Dacians. Koson. Mid 1st century BC. AV Stater (20mm, 8.38 g, 12h). Roman consul accompanied by two lictors advancing left; û to left; ˚osW@ in exergue / Eagle standing left on scepter, holding wreath. Hourmouziadis dies B/f; Iliescu 1; RPC I 1701A; HGC 3, 2049. Choice EF. ($1000) Ex CNG inventory 734905 (May 2003).

14. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.61 g, 5h). Uncertain mint. 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; Ò to inner left. Thompson –; Müller 561; cf. HGC 3, 1743 (for type). Lightly toned, some small marks, tiny die break on obverse, a few light scratches on reverse. Good VF. Very rare, this is the only example in CoinArchives, none in ANS photofile. ($3000) Ex Berk BBS 166 (15 October 2009), no. 14; Duplicates from the American Numismatic Society Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 393; ANS accession no. 1997.9.183, from the Estate of John D. Leggett, Jr., 1997.

15. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Stater (16.5mm, 8.56 g, 10h). In the name and types of Philip II. Amphipolis mint. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving fast biga right; trident head below. Le Rider Group II, 110–48 var. (unlisted dies); SNG ANS 258–8. Underlying luster, small bump at edge on reverse. Good VF. ($2000) Ex Berk BBS 165 (28 July 2009), lot 10; Numismatic Fine Arts XVIII (31 March 1987), lot 109; Schweizerische Kreditanstalt FPL 30 (December 1979), no. 40; Schweizerische Kreditanstalt FPL 26 (August 1978), no. 35.

Cover Coin in 1985

16. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 14.45 g, 5h). In the types of Philip II. Amphipolis mint. Struck under Polyperchon, circa 318-317 BC. Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, Youth, holding palm frond in right hand and rein in left, on horseback right; grain ear below, π below raised foreleg. Le Rider pl. 46, 3; Troxell, Studies, Group 8, 314; SNG ANS 667–73. Attractive light iridescent toning over lustrous surfaces, trace deposits. Choice EF. ($2000) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd. (inv. no. 48527). Ex Coin Galleries (10 April 1985), lot 62 and front cover.

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17. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.23 g, 12h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Istros mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% ¬U%5ÂÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear diagonally in background; d5 to inner left, 5% on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. Callataÿ p. 139, dies D1/R1; AMNG I 482; HGC 3, 1799; SNG Copenhagen (Thrace) 1094 (same dies); McClean 4481 (same dies). Underlying luster, typical die wear, double struck on reverse. EF. ($1500) Ex CNG inventory 714381 (July 1999).

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18. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.30 g, 12h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Kallatis mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / [∫]Å%5¬EW% [¬]U%5ÂÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear diagonally in background; Ao to inner left, kŬ on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. Callataÿ p. 139, dies D6/R1; AMNG I 258; HGC 3, 1824; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Stockholm 838 (Thrace; same obv. die). Typical die wear. Good VF. ($1000) Ex CNG inventory 714302 (July 1999).

19. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.26 g, 12h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Tomis mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / [∫]Å%5¬EW% [¬]U%5ÂÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear diagonally in background; d5o to inner left, to on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. De Luca dies D2/R6; Callataÿ p. 141, dies D4/R– (unlisted rev. die); AMNG I 2476; HGC 3, 1931; SNG Copenhagen (Thrace) 1093 (same obv. die). Typical die wear, a few light scratches. Good VF. ($1000) Ex CNG inventory 715706 (July 1999).

20. BITHYNIA, Kalchedon. Circa 260-220 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.41 g, 5h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a serpent, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace / ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; É in left field, A below left wing. Price 910 (Kallatis); HGC 7, 503; ANS acc. no. 1944.100.35924 (same dies); Dewing 1139. Underlying luster, a couple of marks. Good VF. ($2000) Ex CNG inventory 831615 (January 2009).

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21. PAMPHYLIA, Side. Circa 360-333 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 10.51 g, 6h). Athena Parthenos standing left, holding Nike, who crowns her with wreath, in her extended right hand, her left hand placed on shield set on ground to right, upon which is propped a spear; pomegranate to left, Bo (uncertain legend in Pamphylian) to right / Apollo standing left, holding laurel branch in right hand, and phiale in left, from which he is sacrificing over altar to left; CDEFGHIDK (uncertain Pamphylian inscription) to right. Atlan Group IX, 125 var. (O117/R– [unlisted rev. die]); SNG BN 645; SNG Copenhagen –; BM Museum No. 1897,0704.14 (same obv. die). Dark cabinet tone, a touch off center on obverse, a few old scratches under tone. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 271; J. Hirsch XXXIII (17 November 1913), lot 863.

22. CILICIA, Nagidos. Circa 400-385/4 BC. AR Stater (24mm, 10.63 g, 10h). Aphrodite seated left, holding phiale in extended right arm, left arm resting on the back of the chair; lit altar to left; to right, Eros standing left, crowning Aphrodite with wreath held in right hand / Dionysos standing facing, head left, holding in right hand bunch of grapes on vine, thyrsos in left; @Å˝5dEW-@ around. Casabonne Type 4; Lederer 25 (same dies); SNG BN –; SNG Levante –; BMC 12 (same dies). Usual light die rust and die break on obverse. EF. ($750) Ex CNG inventory 491355 (November 2018).

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23. CILICIA, Tarsos. Tarkumuwa (Datames). Satrap of Cilicia and Cappadocia, 384-361/0 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 10.44 g, 1h). Struck circa 370 BC. Baal of Tarsos seated right, head and torso facing, holding grain ear and grape bunch in extended right hand, cradling eagle-tipped scepter in left arm; zRtL`b (B’LTRZ in Aramaic) to left, thymiaterion in background; all within crenellated wall / Ana, nude, standing right, extending right hand and pointing at the head of Tarkumuwa, standing left, wearing chlamys, leaning on staff in left hand, right hand raised; [A]nA (ANA in Aramaic) to lower left, thymiaterion and wMdRt (TRKMW in Aramaic) between; all within square dotted border in linear border. Casabonne Series 3; Moysey Issue 5; SNG BN 294 = de Luynes 2841 = Traité II 618; SNG Levante 83 var. (no name of Ana on rev.). Lightly toned, a few light cleaning marks. EF. Rare with name of Ana on reverse. Attractive in hand. ($500) Ex CNG inventory 152993 (August 2014).

Ex Levante Collection 24. CILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC. AR Stater (24mm, 10.89 g, 6h). Baal of Tarsos seated left, head and torso facing, holding eagle, grain ear, and grapes in extended right hand and scepter in left; eM (MR in Aramaic) to lower left, zrtl`b (B’LTRZ in Aramaic) to right / Lion attacking bull left; ydzM (MZDY in Aramaic) above, MS (SM in Aramaic) below. Casabonne Series 2, Group A; SNG BN 340–2; SNG Levante 102 (this coin). Toned, some die wear and a few light scratches on obverse, trace deposits on reverse. Good VF. ($500) Ex Edoardo Levante Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 90, 26 May 2004), lot 181.

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25. CILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 10.42 g, 1h). Baal of Tarsos seated left, his torso facing, holding eagle-tipped scepter in extended right hand; to left, grain ear and grape bunch above [n (L in Aramaic)]; M (M in Aramaic) below throne, zRtL`b (B’LTRZ in Aramaic) to right / Lion left, attacking bull right above crenellated walls; kLiwAR HnRb`L`yz ydzM (MZDY ZY ‘BRNHR’ W ḤLK = ‘Mazaios, Governor of Transeuphrates and Cilicia’ in Aramaic) above. Casabonne Series 4, Group A; SNG BN 360; SNG Levante 113. Lightly toned, some porosity, slightly off center. Good VF. ($750) Ex New York Sale XVII (9 January 2008), lot 97. The Aramaic inscription on the reverse of this stater has prompted Biblical coin researcher David Hendin to reconsider the meaning of this coin type. It traditionally is translated as “Mazaios governor of Transeuphrates and Cilicia,” but Hendin translates it somewhat differently as “Mazaios who is over Eber Nahara and Cilicia.” The similarity of this inscription and a descriptive phrase used in two books of the Old Testament (which was codified at approximately the time this coin was struck) has led to Hendin’s suggestion that the walls on this coin represent the ones encompassing Jerusalem, which less than a century before had been rebuilt by Nehemiah, as related in the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah. (A fuller discussion of the subject is presented on pp. 100–3 of the 4th edition of Hendin’s Guide to Biblical Coins.)

26 27 26. PHOENICIA, Sidon. Ba`alšillem (Sakton) II. Circa 401-365 BC. AR Dishekel (28.5mm, 27.95 g, 11h). Phoenician galley left; B (B in Phoenician) above, waves below / Persian king, raising right hand, and driver, holding reins, in chariot left; to right, king of Sidon, in Egyptian style garments, holding cultic scepter in right hand, walking left. E&E-S Group IV.1.1.a, 614–22 var. (D34/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Betlyon 18; Rouvier 1096; HGC 10, 236; SNG Lockett 3220 (same obv. die); BMC 20 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, edge split, area of flat strike on reverse. Good VF. ($2000) Ex Pars Coins inventory PCW-G1425 (January 2008).

27. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (28mm, 14.11 g, 1h). Dated CY 50 (77/6 BC). Laureate bust of Melkart right, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, l@ (date) above club; d to right, b (B in Phoenician) between legs; tUroU 5Er&% ˚&5 &%U¬oU around. DCA-Tyre 177; Rouvier –; HGC 10, 358; DCA 919. Lightly toned, minor die wear, traces of horn silver and area of minor porosity on obverse. Near EF. ($750) Purchased from Sam Kazmi, January 2002.

28. JUDAEA, Bar Kochba Revolt. 132-135 CE. AR Sela – Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.36 g, 12h). Dated year 2 (133/4 CE). Façade of the Temple at Jerusalem; showbread table within, cross above, 2LC∑R¥ (“Jerusalem” in Hebrew) around / Bundle of lulav; etrog to left, L!RC¥ RHL @C (“Y(ear) 2 of the Freedom of Israel” in Hebrew) around. Mildenberg 11 (O2/ R9); Meshorer 229 (same obv. die as illustration); Hendin 1386 (same obv. die as illustration); Bromberg 81 (same obv. die); Shoshana I 20258 (same dies); Sofaer 30 (same dies); Spaer 189 (same obv. die). Toned, some find patina remaining. Good VF. ($4000) Ex Stack’s (13 January 2004), lot 60.

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29. JUDAEA, Bar Kochba Revolt. 132-135 CE. AR Sela – Tetradrachm (27mm, 14.82 g, 12h). Undated, but attributed to year 3 (134/5 CE). Façade of the Temple at Jerusalem; showbread table within, star above, 3∑o2C (“Shim‘on” in Hebrew) at sides / Bundle of lulav; etrog to left, 2LC∑R¥ ¡∑RHL (“For the Freedom of Jerusalem” in Hebrew) around. Mildenberg 54 (O13/R41); Meshorer 267; Hendin 1411; Bromberg 418 (same dies); Shoshana I 20333 (same dies); Sofaer 107–13; Spaer 193 (same obv. die). Double struck on reverse. Good VF. ($2000) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd. (inv. no. C42258).

30. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, with Arsinöe II, Ptolemy I, and Berenike I. 285246 BC. AV Half Mnaïeion – ‘Tetradrachm’ (19mm, 13.82 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; ÅdE¬fW@ above, shield to left / Conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled; QEW@ above. CPE 314; Svoronos 604; Olivier & Lorber dies 33/89, 342 (this coin, illustrated); SNG Copenhagen 133; Adams III 2084; Boston MFA 2275; Dewing 2753-4; Noeske 38. Underlying luster, a few light marks. Good VF. ($3000) Ex CNG inventory 860036 (December 2009).

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31. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AV Mnaieion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (27mm, 27.76 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy II, circa 252/1-250/49 BC. Head right with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephanos; lotus-tipped scepter in background, 5 to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia, grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. CPE 389; Svoronos 471; Olivier & Lorber dies 2/4; Troxell, Arsinoe, Group 3, p. 44 and pl. 7, 2 (same obv. die); SNG Copenhagen –; Adams III 2091 (same obv. die); Boston MFA Supp. 320; de Luynes 3562 (same obv. die). Underlying luster, a few minor scratches. Good VF. ($7500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 226 (27 January 2010), lot 305. Arsinoë II, wife (and sister) of Ptolemy II, exerted a powerful influence on her younger mate – her experience in statecraft coming from her earlier marriage to Lysimachos of Thrace – and her subsequent involvement in the turbulent politics of the successor kingdoms. After her death in 271 BC, her devoted husband deified her, and initiated a cult in her honor. The temple he intended to construct (plans cut short by his own death) in her name was to have an iron ceiling with a statue of Arsinoë, made entirely of lodestone, suspended in the air beneath it. That grandiose plan came to nothing, but the series of large value gold and silver coins struck in her name was a suitable memorial. As noted by Lorber, the letters behind her bust are die sequence numbers, though it is still not proven whether they note annual issues. Under Ptolemy II, these large gold coins served a variety of purposes. The early issues were struck during the time of the Second Syrian War, but while some probably were used toward war finance, Lorber noted that these issues were too large to be solely for that purpose. The later issues were marked by an early spike in production; to Lorber, the evidence is fairly convincing that these were primarily related to the resettlement of veterans following the Second Syrian War and the reclamation of land in the villages of the Fayum. The issues of Arsinoe gold came to an end soon after the accession of Ptolemy III, but later kings sporadically issued more of them, a phenomenon that lasted into the middle of the 2nd century BC. These issues are characterized by a less refined style in type and epigraphy, and their late chronology is confirmed by finds, though the reason for their reissue is unknown. Nearly all of these late issues bear a kappa behind the head of Arsinoe, but there are also very rare issues with other letters, such as the lambda on the present coin. While the former are present in most major collections, the latter are found in only a very few.

32. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Ptolemy. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (16.5mm, 2.93 g, 3h). Caesarea mint. Struck circa AD 10-12. ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, diademed head of Juba right / rex • pTOLe¬euÍ • regiÍ • iuB` F, diademed and draped bust of Ptolemy left. Spoerri-Butcher II 29 (A16/R7 – this coin, illustrated); Mazard 379; MAA 111; Müller, Afrique –; SNG Copenhagen –. Toned, hairline flan crack, obverse die wear. VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 73 (13 September 2006), lot 523.

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Ex Niklovitz Collection

33. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (17mm, 2.57 g, 1h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 43 (AD 18/9). ∞Ec 5¨∫Å, head right, wearing lion skin headdress, club over shoulder / Distyle temple with lateral peribolus, blundered inscription on entablature, pediment decorated with rosette, inverted crescent at apex; ∞cccc555 (date) in exergue. Spoerri-Butcher 512 (dies 43/a – this coin, illustrated); Mazard 152; MAA 175; Müller, Afrique 45; De Luynes 3993 (same dies). Deeply toned, traces of find patina, light scratches under tone on obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, one of only three noted by Spoerri-Butcher (the other two in public collections [Paris and Vienna]), none in CoinArchives. ($1000) Ex Paramount (6 November 1970), lot 202; Paramount FPL (Summer 1970), no. 246; Münzen und Medaillen AG XIX (5 June 1959), lot 602; Niklovitz Collection (L. Hamburger [92], 11 June 1930), lot 542. Juba II proved himself one of Rome’s most loyal client kings, and in AD 11 Augustus honored him with marriage to Kleopatra Selene, the daughter of Kleopatra VII and Mark Antony. The resulting son, Ptolemy, succeeded Juba II in AD 24, and was the last of the Ptolemaic line.

34. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Kleopatra Selene. 25 BC-AD 24. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.07 g, 7h). Caesarea mint. Struck AD 11-23. rex • iuBA, diademed head right / ∫Å15Å511[Å] ˚Å(o∏Åtr (sic), crocodile standing left. Mazard 344 var. (rev. legend); MAA 104; Müller, Afrique 92 var. (same); SNG Copenhagen 592 var. (same). Light iridescent tone, slightly off center. Good VF. ($750) Ex Waddell 91 (16 December 2004), lot 25.

35. KINGS of MAURETANIA. Ptolemy. AD 24-40. AR Denarius (16mm, 2.02 g, 10h). Caesarea mint. Dated RY 1 (AD 24/5). rex pTOLeÂAeuÍ, diademed and draped bust right / Palm tree; r•A• •i (date) across lower field. Mazard 414; MAA 249; Müller, Afrique 112; SNG Copenhagen –. Lightly toned, minor cleaning scratches/smoothing in fields, edge chip. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd. (inv. no. 43510).

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ROMAN REPUBLICAN COINAGE

36. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Didrachm – Quadrigatus (20mm, 6.35 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Laureate head of Janus; curved truncation / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt with right hand and holding scepter in left, in quadriga right driven by Victory; rOÂa incuse on raised tablet in exergue. Crawford 28/3; Sydenham 64; RSC 23; HN Italy 334; RBW 65–6. Lightly toned with some iridescence on the obverse, a couple minor marks. Near EF. ($1000) Ex Berk BBS 200 (18 January 2017), lot 170; V. Gadoury (6 December 2014), lot 23.

37 38 37. T. Vettius Sabinus. 66 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (19mm, 3.93 g, 6h). Rome mint. Bareheaded and bearded head of King Tatius right; ÍABiNuÍ downward to left, Í • C downward to right, ë (for Tatius) below chin / Togate figure, holding reins and magistrate’s scepter, driving biga left; iuDex above, stalk of grain to right, T • ueTTiuÍ in exergue. Crawford 404/1; Sydenham 905; Vettia 2; BMCRR Rome 3370-2; RBW 1446. Attractive toning with a hint of iridescence, a few marks. Good VF. Well centered. ($750) Purchased from Shanna Schmidt Numismatics. Ex Tony Hardy Collection (Triton VI, 14 January 2003), lot 701. The togate figure in the chariot on the reverse is identified as a IVDEX; this is usually translated as “judge,” but a more correct definition might be “arbiter.” Efforts to identify the figure have run into the problem that there was no formal independent office of Iudex and any important magistrate could be called by that title. Michael Harlan proposes that the figure could represent the moneyer himself, who may be the same Titus Vettius who served as Quaestor in Sicily circa 73 BC; the grain ear to the right of the chariot in this case would refer to Sicily, the main supplier of wheat to Rome.

38. C. Memmius C.f. 56 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.93 g, 10h). Rome mint. Laureate and bearded head of Quirinus right; œuiriNuÍ downward to left, C • ÂeÂÂi • C • F • downward to right / Ceres seated right, holding torch with left hand and three stalks of grain with right; erect serpent to right; ÂeÂÂiuÍ • AeD CeriALiA preiÂuÍ FeCiT around from left. Crawford 427/2; Sydenham 921; Memmia 9; BMCRR Rome 3940; RBW 1532. Lovely iridescent toning, a few light scratches, test cut on edge. Good VF. ($500) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd. Ex Dr. Walter Stoecklin (†1975) Collection (Nomos 14, 17 May 2017), lot 260, purchased from G. Hirsch, 1956.

39. Q. Servilius Caepio (M. Junius) Brutus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.93 g, 6h). Rome mint. Head of Libertas right, wearing cruciform earring and pendant necklace; LiBerTAÍ downward to left / The consul L. Junius Brutus walking left between two lictors, each carrying ax over shoulder, and preceded by an accensus; BruTuÍ in exergue. Crawford 433/1; Sydenham 906a; Junia 31a; BMCRR Rome 3862-3; RBW 1542. Beautiful iridescent toning, a few light scratches, struck slightly off center. Good VF. ($500) Ex CNG inventory 719878 (March 2000).

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40. Q. Servilius Caepio (M. Junius) Brutus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.06 g, 10h). Rome mint. Bare head of L. Junius Brutus right; BruTu[Í] downward to left / Bare head of C. Servilius Ahala right; AhALA downward to left. Crawford 433/2; Sydenham 907; Junia 30; BMCRR Rome 3864-7; Kestner 3487-9; RBW 1543. Toned, some light scratches and marks, small metal flaws, lightly polished. Good VF. ($500) Ex Coin Galleries (17 June 1991), lot 337. This early coin of Marcus Junius Brutus, struck during his term as moneyer in 54 BC, refers to his illustrious ancestry, which included L. Junius Brutus, one of the legendary first consuls of the nascent Roman Republic, and C. Servilius Ahala, who slew the prospective tyrant Spurius Maelius. Celebrating his connection to the tyrannicide Ahala proved eerily prophetic 10 years later, when, because of his name and reputation for integrity, Brutus was recruited by conspirators against Julius Caesar and became the figurehead leader of the assassins.

41. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. C. Antius C.f. Restio. 47 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 4.04 g, 3h). Rome mint. Bare head right; reÍTiO downward to left / Hercules advancing right, lion skin draped over left arm, holding club aloft with right hand, trophy with left; C ANTiuÍ • C • F • around from upper right. Crawford 455/1a; CRI 34; Sydenham 970; Antia 1; BMCRR Rome 4029-31; RBW 1593. Toned, shallow scrape in right obverse field beneath toning, a few light marks and scratches. Good VF. ($500) Ex Michael Barto Collection (Coin Galleries, 14 April 1993), lot 625.

42. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Marcus Arrius Secundus. 43 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.52 g, 6h). Rome mint. Young, bare, male head (Octavian or Quintus Arrius?) right, wearing slight beard; Â • ArriuÍ upward to left, ÍeCuNDuÍ downward to right / Hasta pura (vertical spear) between wreath on left and rectangular phalera (military decoration) on right. Crawford 513/2; CRI 319; Sydenham 1084; Arria 2; BMCRR Rome 4210; RBW 1791. Lightly toned, scattered porosity, some scratches on reverse, small edge chip. VF. Rare. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 53 (15 March 2000), lot 1356.

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The Corona Vallaris

43. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. C. Numonius Vaala. 43 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 4.05 g, 9h). Rome mint. Bare head of Numonius Vaala right; C • NuÂONiuÍ downward to right, uAALA upward to left / Soldier advancing left, holding spear and shield, attacking a vallum defended by two soldiers; uAALA in exergue. Crawford 514/2; CRI 322; Sydenham 1087; Numonia 2; BMCRR Rome 4216; RBW 1792. Toned with some iridescence, bankers’ marks on both sides. Good Fine. Rare. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 1273. As with many of the moneyers’ types of the late first century BC, C. Numonius Vaala’s reverse type refers to an historic event in his family’s past. We cannot know to which specific ancestor the moneyer is referring, but the scene depicts military action that brought a specific honor to the soldier involved. During the siege of a city or an enemy camp, the first soldier to breach the walls was awarded the corona vallaris, or “wall crown”. The cognomen Vaala became a hereditary title among the Numonii, to be displayed proudly by the first member of the family to achieve the office of moneyer.

44. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Mussidius Longus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.86 g, 3h). Rome mint. Diademed and veiled head of Concordia right; crescent below chin; CONCOrDiA upward behind / Shrine of Venus Cloacina: Circular platform surmounted by two statues of the goddess, each resting right hand on cippus, the platform inscribed LOACiN and ornamented with trellis-pattern balustrade, flight of steps and portico on left; L • ÂuÍÍiDiuÍ • LONguÍ around above. Crawford 494/42c var. (inscription on platform); CRI 188b var. (same); Sydenham 1093b var. (same); Mussidia 6a var. (same); BMCRR Rome 4246-7 var. (same); Kestner 3756-7 var. (same); RBW 1746 var. (same). Lovely iridescent toning. Good VF. Rare variety. ($500) Ex Berk BBS 201 (13 July 2017), lot 163; Harlan J. Berk BBS 166 (15 October 2009), lot 280; Eton College Collection (Sotheby’s, 1 December 1976), lot 409 (not photographed). Interesting die engraver’s error, where the C was left off of CLOACIN on the reverse. There may be vestiges of a C to the lower left of the L in an attempt to rectify the mistake, but other examples from this die would have to be found to confirm this possibility.

45. Special issues. L. Cestius and C. Norbanus. May-August 43 BC. AV Aureus (19mm, 8.05 g, 8h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Sibyl(?) right, hair in bands and knotted behind; C • NOrBANuÍ above, pr to right, L • CeÍTiuÍ below / Cybele, turreted, holding patera with her right hand, enthroned half-left on car drawn by two lions left; Í • C to upper left. Crawford 491/2; CRI 196; Calicó 5; Sydenham 1155; BMCRR Rome 4194; RBW 1719; Biaggi 25. Underlying luster, a few marks. Good VF. ($5000) Ex Cederlind 132 (4 October 2004), lot 155.

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46. The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 42-38 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.74 g, 1h). Massilia (Marseilles) mint; Q. Nasidius, commander of the fleet. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; trident to right; below, dolphin right; NepTuNi to left / Galley with bank of rowers right, under full sail, helmsman steering rudder, hortator standing on prow; six-rayed star to upper left; œ • NAÍiDiuÍ below. Crawford 483/2; CRI 235; Sydenham 1350; RSC 20 (Pompey the Great); BMCRR Sicily 21; RBW 1698. Attractively toned, a couple light marks. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan with nice metal. ($5000) Ex Clarence & Helen Zaar Maritime Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 936.

47. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 47 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.70 g, 1h). Sicilian mint, possibly Lilybaeum; Aulus Allienus, proconsular governor of Sicily. Draped bust of Venus right, wearing stephane; C • CAeÍAr downward to right, iÂp • COÍ • iTer upward to left / Trinacrus standing left, foot on prow, holding triskeles with his right hand and resting right elbow on knee, cloak wrapped around his left arm; A • ALLieNuÍ downward to left, prO COÍ upward to right. Crawford 457/1; CRI 54; RSC 1; Sydenham 1022; BMCRR Sicily 5; RBW 1599. Toned with some iridescence, a few light scratches, graffito ‘k’ in field on reverse. Near VF. Rare. ($750) Ex CNG inventory 717919; Triton II (1 December 1998), lot 721; Münzen und Medaillen GmbH 2 (27 March 1998), lot 473. Before embarking for North Africa from the Sicilian port of Lilybaeum, Caesar spent some time on the island organizing the invasion force with which he was going to confront Scipio and the other Pompeians. During this period (late 47 BC), a small issue of denarii was produced in Caesar’s name by Aulus Allienus, who had been appointed proconsular governor of Sicily the preceding year. The issue – one of the rarest in the Caesarian series – was unusual in that it bore the name of one of the dictator’s lieutenants in addition to his own name, a feature more characteristic of the Pompeian coinage.

CRI Plate Coin

48. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 46-early 45 BC. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 8.00 g, 12h). Rome mint; L. Munatius Plancus, praefectus urbi. Draped bust of Victory right; C • CAeÍ DiC • Ter around / Praefericulum; L • pLANC upward to left, Pr • urB downward to right. Crawford 475/1b; CRI 60a (this coin illustrated); Calicó 44; Sydenham 1019b; BMCRR Rome 4122; RBW 1664. Light marks. VF. Struck on an oversized flan. ($5000) Ex CNG inventory 189098 (November 2003); Goldberg 21 (15 September 2003), lot 1672; Classical Numismatic Group 45 (18 March 1998), lot 1776.

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49. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.80 g, 11h). Rome mint. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Wreathed head of Caesar right; CAeÍAr downward to right, DiCT perpeTuO upward to left / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory in outstretched right hand and with left, resting on vertical scepter set on shield; p • ÍepuLLiuÍ downward to right, ÂACer downward to left. Crawford 480/10; Alföldi Type VIII, 46 (dies A10/R10); CRI 107a; Sydenham 1073; RSC 38; RBW –. Toned, a few light scratches and marks, obverse banker’s mark. Good Fine. Well centered for issue. ($1000) Purchased from Dr. Arnold Saslow, March 1991.

50. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. 40 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 2.95 g, 3h). Rome mint; Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, quaestor designatus. Wreathed head right; Í C flanking neck / Signum, aquila, plow, and decempeda (measuring rod); Ti • ÍeÂprONiuÍ above and to right; grACCuÍ below; • œ • DeÍig to left. Crawford 525/4a; CRI 327a; Sydenham 1129; RSC 47; BMCRR Rome 4319; RBW –. Deep cabinet toning, a few light scratches beneath tone, flan flaws on reverse. VF. Very rare. ($2000) Ex Professor L. Fontana Collection (CNG inventory 873040, June 2010).

51. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.59 g, 6h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Tripod surmounted by cortina and two laurel branches, fillet hanging on either side; C • CAÍÍi upward to left, iÂp upward to right / Capis and lituus; LeNTuLuÍ/ÍpiNT in two lines below. Crawford 500/1; CRI 219; Sydenham 1308; RSC 7; BMCRR East 79; RBW 1761. Lustrous. EF. ($1000) Purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd.

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Ex Henry Platt Hall & Consul Weber Collections

52. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AV Aureus (21.5mm, 8.18 g, 6h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Lentulus Spinther, legate. Diademed head of Libertas right; C • CAÍÍi • iÂp upward to left, LeiBerTAÍ upward to right / Capis and lituus; LeNTuLuÍ/ÍpiNT in two lines below. Crawford 500/2; CRI 220; Calicó 65 (this coin illustrated); Sydenham 1306; BMCRR East 76; RBW –. Lustrous, a few light marks and scratches. Good VF. Well centered and struck on a broad flan. Very rare. ($20,000) Ex Berk BBS 139 (4 August 2004), lot 20; Numismatica Ars Classica 27 (12 May 2004), lot 281; Henry Platt Hall Collection (Part I, Glendining & Co., 19 July 1950), lot 653; Consul Weber Collection (J. Hirsch XXIV, 10 May 1909), lot 737. P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther and M. Servilius were joint legates to Cassius and Brutus, and both issued coins in the names of their generals. Lentulus Spinther was born in 74 BC and assumed the toga virilis in 57 BC, and in the same year was elected to the college of augurs. After the murder of Caesar, he joined the parties of Cassius and Brutus and was probably killed at Philippi. The reverse type of this coin refers to Lentulus’ appointment to the college of augurs, and is one of the few instances in imperatorial coinage in which a moneyer used a reverse type that was personal to himself.

53. The Republicans. Brutus. Early 42 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.79 g, 12h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Emblems of the pontificate: securis, simpulum, and secespita; BruTuÍ below / Capis and lituus; LeNTuLuÍ/ÍpiNT in two lines below. Crawford 500/7; CRI 198; Sydenham 1310; RSC 6; BMCRR East 80; RBW 1766. A hint of toning, light roughness. EF. Well centered. ($1000) Purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd, March 2007.

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Ex European Nobleman, RBW, and Bibliothèque Nationale Collections

54. The Republicans. Brutus. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AV Aureus (19mm, 8.01 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece. Bare head of L. Junius Brutus right; L • BruTuÍ • pri • COÍ around; all within corona civica (oak-wreath) / Bare head of M. Junius Brutus right;  • BruTuÍ iÂp around above; COÍTA Leg around below; all within corona civica (oak-wreath). Crawford 506/1; CRI 208; Calicó 60 = Biaggi 41 (same dies); Sydenham 1295; BMCRR East 57-8; Woytek Arma et Nummi, 202; Bahrfeldt 64.6 = Cohen 16 = RBW 1777 (this coin). Some light marks and scratches. Fine. Exceedingly rare, one of nine known, and perhaps one of only three in private hands. The other possible private examples being the Biaggi and the Ponton d’Amécourt specimens. Also, it should be noted that all published examples of this rarity are struck from a single obverse and reverse die. Only this coin in CoinArchives–the only specimen to sell in public auction over the last twenty-plus years. ($150,000) Ex Property of an European Nobleman (Numismatica Ars Classica 24, 5 December 2002), lot 6 (hammer 65,000 CHF); RBW Collection (Triton III, 30 November 1999), lot 844; Münzen und Medaillen AG 77 (18 September 1992), lot 141; Duplicate from the Bibliothèque Nationale, purchased in 1844 from the Paris dealers Charles-Louis Rollin (1777-1853) and his son Claude-Camille Rollin (1813-1883). In his The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 BC, David R. Sear writes in reference to this coin: “We now reach the final and unquestionably the most remarkable phase of Brutus’ coinage.” Sear continues, “On this beautiful aureus his portrait is accompanied by that of his renowned ancestor Lucius Junius Brutus, first consul of the Republic. Both heads are encircled by the corona civica of oak traditionally awarded to those who had displayed their patriotism by saving the lives of comrades in the heat of battle or by rescuing the Republic itself at times of great peril.” As to the number extent for this rarity, Bahrfeldt listed seven examples: two in London (Devonshire [BMCRR East 57] and Dupré-Wigan [BMCRR East 58]), one in Glasgow (Hunter Museum), one in Berlin (de Moustier), one in Vienna, one in Rome (Vatican), and this coin, which was in Paris (BN) when he wrote his book in 1923. Additionally, Bahrfeldt listed two more examples in private collections beneath his museum census: Ponton d’Amécourt (Rollin & Feuardent, 25 April 1887), lot 26, and Montagu (Rollin & Feuardent, 20 April 1896), lot 40. The Montagu example was acquired by the Bibliothèque Nationale, which became their second example, and allowed them to trade the present coin. Also, the Biaggi coin is ex Henry Platt Hall Collection (Part I, Glendining & Co., 19 July 1950, lot 646, which was a British Museum Duplicate, formerly the property of the Duke of Devonshire = Bahrfeldt 64.1). A revised census of the specimens we can account for and based on Bahrfeldt’s original list (compiled with the aid of Michel Amandry, Hadrien Rambach, and Alan Walker): 1) Present location unknown. BMCRR East 57 = Duke of Devonshire Collection = Henry Platt Hall Collection = Leo Biaggi de Blasys Collection = Ratto Stock. 2) Hunterian Collection (Glasgow). 3) Münzkabinett Berlin = Marquis Lionel René de Moustier Collection (Hoffmann, 1872), lot 42. 4) Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien [Vienna] (plated in Bahrfeldt). 5) British Museum = BMCRR East 58 = Dupré-Wigan Collection. 6) The present coin = Duplicate from the Bibliothèque Nationale, purchased in 1844 from the Paris dealers Charles-Louis Rollin (1777-1853) and his son Claude-Camille Rollin (1813-1883) = Münzen und Medaillen AG 77 (18 September 1992), lot 141 = RBW Collection (Triton III, 30 November 1999), lot 844 = Property of an European Nobleman (Numismatica Ars Classica 24, 5 December 2002), lot 6. 7) Vatican Collection (Rome). 8) Present location unknown. Ponton d’Amécourt (Rollin & Feuardent, 25 April 1887), lot 26. 9) Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris) = Montagu Collection (Rollin & Feuardent, 20 April 1896), lot 40 = Comte du Chastel Collection (Rollin & Feuardent, 27 May 1889), lot 179.

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55. The Republicans. Brutus. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.36 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece; Pedanius Costa, legate. Laureate head of Apollo right; Leg upward to left, COÍTA downward to right / Trophy composed of cuirass, crested helmet, oval shield with incurved sides, and two crossed spears; iÂp upward to left, BruTuÍ downward to right. Crawford 506/2; CRI 209; Sydenham 1296; RSC 4; BMCRR East 59-61; RBW 1778. Deep cabinet toning, a few light marks and scratches beneath tone. VF. ($750) Ex CNG inventory 200088 (April 2000); Classical Numismatic Auctions XV (5 June 1991), lot 473.

A Cast of Characters from the Merani Collection

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The Sandeman EID MAR Pedigreed to 1911

56. The Republicans. Brutus. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.40 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece; L. Plaetorius Cestianus, magistrate. Bare head of Brutus right; BruT above, iÂp to right, L • pLAeT • CeÍT around to left / Pileus between two daggers pointing downward; eiD • ÂAr below. Crawford 508/3; Campana, Eid Mar 47 (O3/R16) = Cahn 16b (this coin); CRI 216; Sydenham 1301; RSC 15; BMCRR East 68-70; Kestner –; RBW –. Toned, some old scratches on the high points of the obverse, reverse struck slightly off center. VF. Very rare. The most famous of all Roman coins. ($50,000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 72 (14 June 2006), lot 1343; Triton VII (13 January 2004), lot 835; John Glas Sandeman Collection (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 13 June 1911), lot 368. Marcus Junius Brutus was the son of Marcus Junius Brutus and Julius Caesar’s former mistress, Servilia. By 59 BC, he acquired the alternative name Quintus Caepio Brutus through adoption by his uncle, Quintus Servilius Caepio. Brought up by Porcius Cato, he was educated in philosophy and oratory and long retained a fierce hatred of his natural father’s murderer, Pompey. He began his political career in 58 BC by accompanying Cato to Cyprus. As triumvir monetalis in about 54 BC, he issued coins illustrating his strong republican views with Libertas and portraits of his ancestors L. Junius Brutus (who overthrew Tarquinius Superbus, the last Etruscan king of Rome) and Servilius Ahala (the later fifth century BC tyrannicide) (Crawford 433/1 and 2, respectively). In 53 BC, Brutus served in Cilicia as quaestor to Appius Claudius Pulcher, whose successor, Cicero, found that ‘the honourable Brutus’ was extracting 48 per cent interest on a loan to the city of Salamis in Cyprus, contrary to the lex Gabinia. Brutus, the principled student, stoic, and Platonist who wrote a number of philosophical treatises and poems, seems an unlikely tyrannicide, quite dissimilar to the vehement Cassius. Despite his hatred of Pompey, he followed him in the Civil War of 49 BC against Caesar, but after the former’s defeat at Pharsalus, he sought and was granted Caesar’s pardon. He proceeded to enjoy Caesar’s favor and was appointed governor of Gaul in 46 BC, praetor in 44 BC, and consul designate for 41 BC. Perhaps under the influence of his second wife Porcia, Cato’s daughter, Brutus joined the conspiracy against Caesar, becoming the leader alongside Cassius. The reaction of the populace in the aftermath of the Ides of March compelled Brutus to leave Rome in April 44 BC. The Senate’s resolution to declare him a ‘public enemy’ on 28 November 44 BC was soon repealed and in February 43 BC, he was appointed governor of Crete, the Balkan provinces, and later Asia. Suspecting the intentions of Antony and Octavian, Brutus went to Macedonia and won the loyalty of its governor, Hortensius, and there levied an army and seized much of the funds prepared by Caesar for his Parthian expedition. Successful against the Bessi in Thrace, he was hailed imperator by his troops, but after the establishment of the triumvirate in November 43 BC, he was outlawed again and joined forces with Cassius at Sardes. In the summer of 42 BC, they marched through Macedonia and in October met Octavian on the Via Egnatia just outside Philippi and won the first battle. Cassius, as his conservative coins show, remained true to the old republican cause, while Brutus followed the self-advertising line of Antony in the new age of unashamed political propaganda and struck coins displaying his own portrait. Brutus’ estrangement from Cassius was effectively complete when this remarkably assertive coin was struck extolling the pileus or cap of liberty (symbol of the Dioscuri, saviors of Rome, and traditionally given to slaves who had received their freedom) between the daggers that executed Caesar. In an ironic twist of fate, Brutus committed suicide during the second battle at Philippi on 23 October 42 BC, using the dagger with which he assassinated Caesar. This extraordinary type is one of the few specific coin issues mentioned by a classical author, Dio Cassius, Roman History 47. 25, 3: “Brutus stamped upon the coins which were being minted his own likeness and a cap and two daggers, indicating by this and by the inscription that he and Cassius had liberated the fatherland.” The only securely identified portraits of Brutus occur on coins inscribed with his name; all others, whether on coins or other artifacts, are identified based on the three issues inscribed BRVTVS IMP (on aurei) or BRVT IMP (on denarii). A careful study of Brutus’ portraits by S. Nodelman segregates these inscribed portraits into three main categories: a ‘baroque’ style portrait on the aurei of Casca, a ‘neoclassical’ style on the aurei of Costa, and a ‘realistic’ style on the ‘EID MAR’ denarii, which Nodelman describes as “the soberest and most precise” of all.

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Important Roman Rarity Quintus Labienus

57. The Republicans. Labienus. Early 40 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.74 g, 5h). Uncertain mint in Syria or southeastern Asia Minor. Bare head right; œ • LABieNuÍ pArThiCuÍ • iÂp around from upper right / Horse standing right on ground line, wearing saddle with quiver attached and bridle. Crawford 524/2; Hersh 21 (dies E/19?); CRI 341; RSC 2; Sydenham 1357; RBW 1809. Lightly toned, minor marks and scratches, reverse graffito. VF. One of the great rarities in the Roman Imperatorial series. ($15,000) Ex Berk BBS 153 (13 March 2007), lot 249. Hersh records only 34 total specimens struck from eight obverse and twenty reverse dies. This coin is either struck from an unknown die marriage, or the reverse is from a die not known to Hersh–probably the latter. Quintus Labienus’ father, a loyal Republican despite his distinguished service to Caesar in Gaul, died at the battle of Munda in 45 BC. His son joined the Republican cause and was sent to Persia to negotiate a pact of assistance with Orodes I, remaining at the Parthian court after the defeat of Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC. Orodes, concerned about the growing Roman presence in Asia and learning of growing dissatisfaction in the provinces, sent his son Pacorus and a large and heavily armored cavalry force with Labienus on an invasion of Syria in 40 BC. Labienus quickly subdued Syria and Cilicia and sent forces into Lycia and Caria before Ventidius Bassus arrived from Greece with eleven legions. Labienus and his allies were driven back to Cilicia, where the Parthian cavalry was routed at Mt. Taurus and Labienus was killed. Labienus, the last of the Republicans, died a traitor to Rome, and all but a handful of his coinage was melted down after his defeat.

Pedigreed to 1963

58. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavian. November-December 43 BC. AV Aureus (20mm, 8.03 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Antony in Cisalpine Gaul or Italy. Bare head of Antony right, wearing beard; lituus to left; Â • ANTONiuÍ • iii • uir • r • p • C around from lower left / Bare head of Octavian right; C • CAeÍAr • iii • uir • r • p • C around from lower left. Crawford 492/1; CRI 124; Calicó 108; Sydenham 1162; BMCRR Gaul 47; RBW –; Biaggi 63. Light marks, die break on obverse, flan flaw and graffito on reverse. VF. Rare. ($15,000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 228 (9 March 2015), lot 525; Hess-Leu [22] (4 April 1963), lot 138.

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59. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.76 g, 1h). Military mint traveling with Antony in Italy. Bare head of Antony right, wearing beard; [lituus to left] / Radiate head of Sol right; [Â • ANTONiuÍ •] iii • uir • r • p • C around from upper right. Crawford 496/2; CRI 127; Sydenham 1170; Kestner –; BMCRR East 87; RSC 68; RBW 1754. Toned, die breaks on obverse, struck slightly off center. VF. ($500) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd.

60. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavian. Spring-early summer 41 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.86 g, 12h). Ephesus mint; M. Barbatius Pollio, quaestor pro praetore. Bare head of Antony right;  • ANT • if Yg • iii • uir • r • p • C •  • BArBAT • œ • p around / Bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard; CAeÍAr • iÂp • pONT • iii • uir • r • p • C • around. Crawford 517/2; CRI 243; Sydenham 1181; RSC 8a; BMCRR East 100; RBW 1798. Attractive cabinet toning, a few minor marks. Near EF. ($1500) Purchased from William B. Warden, Jr., July 1997. Ex Sternberg XXVII (7 November 1994), lot 359; Schweizerische Kreditanstalt 3 (19 April 1985), lot 473; Peus 270 (20 June 1969), lot 166.

61. The Triumvirs. Fulvia, first wife of Mark Antony. Circa 41-40 BC. Æ (20mm, 6.10 g, 12h). Eumeneia (as Fulvia) mint. Zmertorix, son of Philonides, magistrate. Draped bust of Fulvia (as Victory) right / Athena standing left, holding shield and reversed spear; [f]oU¬oU5Å@W@ downward to right, [Z]ÂErtor5˝o%/f5¬W@5doU in two lines downward to left. RPC I 3139; SNG München –; BMC 20-1; SNG Copenhagen –. Dark green patina with reddish earthen highlights. Good VF. Rare. ($500) Ex David Freedman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 506. Fulvia was first married to P. Clodius, the Roman firebrand. After his violent death in 52 BC, she married C. Scribonius Curio, who likewise met an untimely end in Africa. She married Mark Antony in 44 BC, and became an outspoken defender of his interests in Rome while he campaigned in the east (and enjoyed the attentions of Cleopatra). The city of Eumenia was re-named Fulviana in her honor by Antony’s partisans. By 40 BC, Fulvia’s strident attacks on Octavian had provoked a reaction, and she had to flee first to southern Italy and then to Greece. She met Antony at Athens, where he upbraided her for antagonizing Octavian when he was trying to maintain a semblance of cordial relations. Fulvia died at Sicyon shortly thereafter. Some examples of these coins show that the ethnic was removed from the die and two countermarks were applied, one that was the monogram of old Eumeneia, and the other probably of the magistrate Zmertorix, possibly proclaiming that he did not think such a renaming of the city was a good idea in the first place.

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62. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Late summer-autumn 38 BC. Æ (24mm, 9.43 g, 12h). Ace-Ptolemais (Phoenicia) mint. Dated CY 11 (39/8 BC). Bare head right within laurel wreath / Tyche Euploea standing left, holding aplustre, cornucopia, and palm frond; ∏to¬[E]/ÂÅ([W@]/5Er[Å%] in three lines to right, KAI Å%U to left; l 5Å (date) to upper left. RPC I 4740; Seyrig, Ptolémaïs 19; Kadman, Akko 73; Rouvier 993. Dark green to black patina with light earthen highlights. Good VF. An impressive example. ($5000) Ex Nomos FPL (with Classical Numismatic Group, Winter-Spring 2008), no. 74; A. Levin Collection (Goldberg, 28 May 2007), lot 2686. Beginning in the Caesarian period (circa 49/8 BC or 48/7 BC), the city of Ace resumed the name of Ptolemais, which recalled an association with Ptolemaic Egypt. Following his rapprochment with Octavian at Tarentum in 38 BC, Antony was given command of Rome’s eastern territories. The city of Ptolemais with its large harbor made it a particularly strategic site, providing a base of supply from which Antony could move north from Alexandria to take control of Cilicia and Syria. As the CY date places this coin within the period of his return to the east from Italy and features a portrait of Antony framed by a wreath of olive on the obverse and the figure of Tyche Euploea, or “Good Sailing” on its reverse, it may signify the Triumvir’s successful arrival at the port city to inspect its works following the peace established with Octavian.

63. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Cleopatra. 36-31 BC. Æ (22.5mm, 8.19 g, 12h). Chalcis ad Libanum mint. Dated RY 21 (Egyptian) and 6 (Phoenician) of Cleopatra (32/1 BC). Draped bust of Cleopatra right, wearing stephane; ∫Å15¬511Å1 ˚¬(o∏Å trÅ[1] around / Bare head of Antony right; (to¨1 ˚Å to¨ ˚Å5 [? Q(Å1 @(wtErÅ1] around. RPC I 4771; Rouvier 440 (Berytus); BMC 15 (Berytus); HGC 9, 1451; DCA 476. Olive green patina with darker areas, light earthen highlights. Good VF. ($750) Purchased from Freeman & Sear, January 2006.

64 65 64. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.73 g, 6h). Legionary type. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right; ANT • Aug above, iii uir • r • p • C below / Aquila between two signa; LeG u across lower field. Crawford 544/18; CRI 354; Sydenham 1221; RSC 32; BMCRR East 196; RBW 1840. Toned, some roughness, obverse die break. EF. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 99 (13 May 2015), lot 572.

65. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.76 g, 6h). Legionary type. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right; ANT • Aug above, iii • uir • r • p • C below / Aquila between two signa; LeG uiii across lower field. Crawford 544/21; CRI 358; Sydenham 1222; RSC 35; BMCRR East 199; RBW –. Iridescent cabinet toning, a few light scratches and marks. Good VF. ($750) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd.

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67 66 66. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.56 g, 6h). Legionary type. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right; ANT • Aug above, iii • uir • r • p • C below / Aquila between two signa; LeG xuii across lower field. Crawford 544/32; CRI 374; Sydenham 1237; RSC 49; BMCRR East 212; RBW 1846. Lightly toned, obverse graffito, a few light marks. Good VF. ($750) 67. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.73  g, 6h). Legionary type. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right; ANT • Aug above, iii • uir • r • p • C below / Aquila between two signa; Leg xuiii • LUBiCAe above. Crawford 544/11; CRI 375; Sydenham 1240; RSC 53; BMCRR East 225; RBW 1836. Lightly toned, some faint scratches. VF. Among the scarcer legions. ($750) Ex Andrew McCabe Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 443, 1 May 2019), lot 495; Student and His Mentor Collection (Part III, Numismatica Ars Classica 83, 20 May 2015), lot 522; Sternberg XXI (14 November 1988), lot 327.

68. The Triumvirs. Lepidus and Octavian. November-December 43 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.75 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Lepidus in Italy. Bare head of Lepidus right; LepiDuÍ • pO¸ • Vx iii • u • r • p • C • around / Bare head of Octavian right; C[AeÍ]Ar • i • iii uir • r • p • C • around. Crawford 495/2c var. (IMP in reverse legend); CRI 140 var. (same); Sydenham 1323 var. (same); RSC 2 var. (same); BMCRR Africa 29 var. (same); RBW 1752 var. (same). Lightly toned, weakly struck, a few minor marks, struck off center. Good VF. Unpublished legend variety. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 42 (29 May 1997), lot 783. This issue commemorates the foundation of the Second Triumvirate, and was probably struck from the proceeds of the proscriptions in preparation for the campaign against Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC. Lepidus is shown with the title Pontifex Maximus, an office which he received after the assassination of Julius Caesar and held until his death in 12 BC.

69 70 69. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Early 40 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.94 g, 2h). Military mint traveling with Octavian in Italy. Q. Salvius, moneyer. Bare head right, wearing slight beard; C • CAe[ÍAr • iii • ui]r • r • p • C around / Winged thunderbolt; œ • ÍALuiuÍ • i f • COÍ • DeÍig around. Crawford 523/1a; CRI 300; Sydenham 1326b; RSC 514; BMCRR Gaul 88-9; Kestner 3803; RBW 1808. Deeply toned with areas of find patina, a few scratches and scrapes on the obverse beneath toning, obverse struck slightly off center. VF. ($300) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XIX.2 (2nd Quarter, 1994), no. 194.

70. The Triumvirs. Octavian and Mark Antony. Late 40-early 39 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.78 g, 12h). Southern or central Italian mint. Bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard; CAeÍAr upward to right, [iÂp] downward to left / Winged caduceus; ANTON[iuÍ iÂ]p around from upper left downward. Crawford 529/2a; CRI 302; RSC 6; Sydenham 1327a; Kestner 3811; BMCRR Gaul 93; RBW –. Toned, obverse die break, struck slightly off center. VF. ($500) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd.

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71 72 71. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavian. Late 40-early 39 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.69 g, 6h). Southern or central Italian mint. Bare head of Antony right; ANTONiuÍ upward to left, iÂp downward to right / Winged caduceus; CAeÍAr iÂp around from upper left downward. Crawford 529/3; CRI 303; Sydenham 1328; Kestner 3812; BMCRR Gaul 94; RSC 5; RBW 1817. Toned, a few light scratches, die break on obverse, reverse struck slightly off center. VF. ($750) Purchased from Apollo Numismatics.

72. The Triumvirs. Octavian and Agrippa. 38 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 4.01 g, 11h). Military mint travelling with Agrippa in Gaul or with Octavian in Italy. Bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard; [i]ÂP • CAeÍAr Diui • iuL[i • F] around from lower left / Â • AgrippA • COÍ/DeÍig in two lines across field. Crawford 534/3; CRI 307; Sydenham 1331; Kestner 3825; BMCRR Gaul 103; RSC 545; RBW –. Toned, a few light scratches and marks, obverse struck slightly off center. Good VF. ($500) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd.

73. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 30 BC. AR Denarius (21mm, 3.93 g, 11h). Mint in Italy, possibly Rome. Victory standing right on prow of galley, holding wreath with her extended right hand and palm frond over her left shoulder with her left hand / Octavian driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch with his extended right hand; [i]Âp • CAeÍAr in exergue. CRI 416; RIC I 264; RSC 115; BMCRE 617-9 = BMCRR Rome 4343-5; BN 98-104. Deeply toned, some die rust, a few light scratches under tone, slightly off center. Good VF. ($500) Ex CNG inventory 731524 (May 2001); Cornelius C. Vermeule III Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 50, 23 June 1999), lot 1369.

74. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 30-summer 29 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.61 g, 12h). Uncertain Italian mint, possibly Rome. Bare head right / Octavian’s Actian arch (arcus Octaviani), showing a single span surmounted by Octavian in facing triumphal quadriga; iÂp • CAeÍAr on the architrave. CRI 422; RIC I 267; RSC 123; BMCRE 624 = BMCRR Rome 4348; BN 66. Toned with some minor deposits in the devices, a few light scratches and marks. Good VF. ($750) Ex SC Coins FPL (May 1993), no. 17.

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75. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 30-summer 29 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.83 g, 9h). Italian (Rome?) mint. Laureate head of Octavian, as Apollo, right / Rostral column ornamented with two anchors and six beaks of galleys, surmounted by a statue of Octavian, holding spear with right hand and parazonium with left; iÂp CAeÍAr across field. CRI 423; RIC I 271 (Augustus); BMCRE 633-6 = BMCRR Rome 4349-51; BN 68-71; RSC 124 (Augustus). Toned with iridescence around the devices, light marks and scratches. VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 1335. This issue depicts the column decreed by the Senate in recognition of Octavian’s victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium. The monument stood on the Palatine Hill, before the temple of Apollo.

Octavian as Jupiter Terminus Ex Knobloch Collection

76. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 30-summer 29 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.77 g, 10h). Italian (Rome?) mint. Laureate bust of Octavian, as Jupiter Terminus, right; vertical thunderbolt behind / Octavian, togate, seated left on curule chair, holding Victory in right hand, left hand on lap; iÂp CAeÍAr across field. CRI 427; RIC I 270; RSC 116; BMCRE 637 = BMCRR Rome 4362; BN 43-47. Deep cabinet toning, some faint scratches, banker’s mark and lamination on obverse. Good VF. ($500) Ex SC Coins FPL (May 1993), no. 19; Numismatic Fine Arts IX (10 December 1980), lot 402; Numismatic Fine Arts Special Publication 11 (November 1978), no. 21; Frederick S. Knobloch Collection (Stack’s, 3 May 1978), lot 761.

77. The Triumvirs. Octavian. 28 BC. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 3.53 g, 1h). Uncertain mint, perhaps in Cyrenaica(?). Bare head right; lituus behind; CAeÍAr to left, COÍ • ui to right / Crocodile standing right with jaws open; AegupTO above, CApTA below. CRI 430; RIC I 275a; RSC 2; BMCRR East 243-4; RBW –. Attractive cabinet toning, a few light marks, small flan flaw on obverse. VF. Rare. ($1500) Purchased from Kirk Davis. Ex Vecchi 4 (5 December 1996), lot 44. Following the decisive battle of Actium, in August of 30 BC Octavian invaded Egypt and founded the Prefecture of Egypt, leaving intact the Ptolemaic structures in culture and administration. Octavian struck this issue to commemorate the event; the reverse depicts a crocodile, which was the symbol of the country and, locally, an important deity.

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ROMAN IMPERIAL COINAGE

78. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 3.73 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck circa 19-18 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, head right, wearing oak wreath / DIVVS • IVLIVS across field, comet with eight rays and tail. RIC I 37a; RSC 98; BMCRE 323-5 = BMCRR Gaul 135-7; BN 1292-7. Attractively toned. VF. ($500) Ex Freeman & Sear 13 (25 August 2006), lot 374.

79 80 79. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.66 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck circa 19-18 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head left / [O]B • CIV[IS] above, SERVATOS below, oak wreath with the two ties drawn up across center. RIC I 40b; RSC 211; BMCRE 331 = BMCRR Gaul 150 (same obv. die); BN 1290. Toned, a few shallow scratches on obverse. Near VF. ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 1392.

80. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.61 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck circa 19-18 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, head left, wearing oak wreath / S • P • Q • R across upper field, Victory flying left, holding wreath in right hand above round shield inscribed CL•V, resting against tall column. RIC I 48; RSC 291; BMCRE –;BMCRR Rome –; BN 1327. Deeply toned, a few light cleaning scratches. VF. Very rare. ($300) Ex Coin Galleries (8 November 2000), lot 254.

81. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.83 g, 7h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck circa 19 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head right / OB/ CIVIS/ SERVATOS in three lines within oak wreath, ties drawn upward. RIC I 76a; Calicó 252; BMCRE p. 66, note *; BMCRR –; cf. BN p. 171, note *; Biaggi 127; Mazzini 207. Lustrous, light marks and scratches. Good VF. Rare. ($7500) Ex Freeman & Sear Inventory R3308.

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82. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.75 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck circa 19 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head right / Victory, draped, flying right, holding in both hands wreath as if about to place it on a round shield inscribed S•P•Q•R/ CL•V in two lines, which leans against a tall column. RIC I 90 (same rev. die as illustration); Calicó 292; BMCRE 403 = BMCRR Rome 4385 (same dies); BN –; Biaggi –. Underlying luster, die breaks, faint hairlines. Good VF. Very rare reverse type, missing from most collections. None in Coin Archives. ($7500) Ex Freeman & Sear Inventory R3309.

83. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.64 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck circa 19 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head left / SIGNIS to left, RECEPTIS to right, Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak hanging from shoulders over left arm, standing left, head right, holding aquila in right hand and signum cradled in left. RIC I 82b; RSC 259 var. (head right); BMCRE 414 var. = BMCRR Rome 4405 var. (same); BN 1118-1119 var. (same); Mazzini 262. Toned, scratches under tone, traces of deposits. VF. Rare variety with head left. ($300) Ex Coin Galleries (27 February 2001), lot 163; G. Hirsch 208 (17 February 2000), lot 2057.

84. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.89 g, 5h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck circa 18 BC. CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate head right / S • P • Q • R • above, slow quadriga left, currus ornamented with Victories on front and side, containing four miniature horses and aquila. RIC I 112; Calicó 282 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE –;BMCRR Rome –; BN p. 177, note *; Biaggi 137 (same dies). Scratch and traces of die rust on obverse, area of weak strike on reverse. VF. Very rare, only one example in CoinArchives. ($5000) This issue was one of many that were struck to commemorate the recovery by Augustus of the standards lost by Crassus to the Parthians.

85. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AVAureus (19.5mm, 7.82 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck circa 18 BC. CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate head right / S • P • Q • R across field, tetrastyle temple with domed roof and acroteria set on podium of three steps; within, triumphal currus right, containing aquila and four miniature horses galloping right. RIC I 118; Calicó 283; BMCRE 384 = BMCRR Rome 4422; BN 1209; Biaggi 141; UBS 78, lot 1316 (same dies). Flan a little irregular, small obverse die break, minor marks, a couple edge scuffs. VF. Very rare. ($5000) Ex Freeman & Sear Inventory R3312, 4 August 2002.

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86 87 86. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.58 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck 17-16 BC. Bare head right / AVGVSTVS below, capricorn right, holding globe attached to rudder between front hooves; cornucopia above its back. RIC I 126; RSC 21; BMCRE 346-8 = BMCRR Rome 4374-6; BN 1266-7. Lightly toned, scratches. VF. ($500) 87. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.80 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck 17-16 BC. S • P • Q • R • CAESAR[I] AVGVSTO, bare head right / VOT • P • SVSC • PRO • SAL • ET • RED [• I • O • M • SACR], Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak hanging from shoulders over left arm, standing left, head right, holding vertical vexillum in right hand and parazonium in left hand over left shoulder. RIC I 148 corr. (obv. legend); RSC 321; BMCRE 441 = BMCRR Rome 4462; BN 1236-8. Deeply toned, banker’s mark on obverse, shallow scratches under tone. VF. ($300) Ex Cornelius C. Vermeule III Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 50, 23 June 1999), lot 1401.

88 89 88. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.77 g, 5h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 8 BC. ΛVGVSTVS DIVI • F, laureate head right / IMP • XIIII in exergue, on right, Augustus, bareheaded and togate, seated left on curule chair set on low daïs, extending his right hand toward a cloaked Gaul or German on left, standing right, presenting a child held out in both hands toward Augustus. RIC I 200; Lyon 64 (unlisted dies); Calicó 235; BMCRE 492 = BMCRR Gaul 215; BN 1451-2; Biaggi 123; Mazzini 174. Toned, a few marks, reverse struck slightly off center. VF. ($5000) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C38872.

89. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.86 g, 8h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 8 BC. AVGVSTVS DIVI • F, laureate head right / C • CΛES above, AVGVS • F in exergue, Caius Caesar on horseback, galloping right, holding sword in right hand and shield in left; behind him, an aquila between two signa. RIC I 198; Lyon 68/21a (D297/R319); Calicó 174a; BMCRE 498-9 = BMCRR Gaul 221-2; BN 1457-60; Biaggi 90-1; Mazzini 39. A few marks, die break and edge scrape on obverse, traces of die rust. VF. Portrait of artistic merit. ($5000)

90. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.89 g, 7h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 8 BC. AVGVSTVS DIVI • F, laureate head right / C • CΛES above, AVGVS • F in exergue, Caius Caesar on horseback, galloping right, holding sword in right hand and shield in left; behind him, an aquila between two signa. RIC I 198; Lyon 68 (unlisted dies); Calicó 174; BMCRE 498-9 = BMCRR Gaul 221-2; BN 1457-60; Biaggi 90-1; Mazzini 39. A few scrapes and marks. VF. Large portrait. ($5000) 38


91. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.82 g, 12h). Rome mint; L. Vinicius, moneyer. Struck 16 BC. Equestrian statue of Augustus riding right on a low square pedestal inscribed S • P • Q • R/IMP/CAES in three lines; all before city wall with arched entrance / [L • VI]NICIVS L • F • III • VIR, cippus inscribed S • P • Q • R/ IMP • CAE/ QVOD • V/ M • S • EX/ EA • P • QIS/ AD • A • DE in six lines. RIC I 362; RSC 543; BMCRE 82-4 = BMCRR Rome 4474-6; BN 357-61. Iridescent tone, slightly off center, some earthen deposits on obverse, a few minor scratches on reverse, small edge mark. VF. ($500) Ex Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. Inventory 35684 (18 January 2002).

Ex DeVicci Collection

92. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.79 g, 9h). Rome mint; C. Marius C.f. Tro(mentina tribu), moneyer. Struck 13 BC. AVGVSTVS, bare head Augustus right; lituus to left / C • MARIVS • TRO III • VIR, bust of Diana (Julia) right, wearing diadem with jewel on forehead, hair knotted at back; quiver seen behind neck. RIC I 403; RSC 1 (Julia and Augustus); BMCRE 104-5 = BMCRR Rome 4651-2; BN 522-5; Mazzini 1 (Julia and Augustus). Toned, bankers’ marks on obverse and reverse. VF. Very Rare. ($2000) Ex Philip DeVicci Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 54, 14 June 2000), lot 1413.

Augustus Dynastic Denarius

93. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.54 g, 9h). Rome mint; C. Marius C.f. Tro(mentina tribu), moneyer. Struck 13 BC. AVGVSTVS, bare head right; lituus to left / C • MARIVS • TR O below, III VIR above, bare heads right of Lucius, Julia, and Caius; wreath above Julia. RIC I 404; RSC 1 (Caius, Lucius, Julia, and Augustus); BMCRE 106 = BMCRR Rome 4650; BN 526; Mazzini 1 (Caius, Lucius, Julia, and Augustus). Attractively toned, light scratch on obverse. VF. Very rare. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1121 (hammer $7250); Classical Numismatic Review XV.4 (4th Quarter, 1990), no. 53; Sternberg VI (25 November 1976), lot 776.

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Pedigreed to 1932

94. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.65 g, 2h). Rome mint; C. Sulpicius Platorinus, moneyer. Struck 13 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head right / C • SVLPICIVS • PLATORIN, Augustus and Agrippa, bareheaded and togate, seated side by side, facing slightly left, on a bisellium, placed on a platform which is ornamented with [three rostra]; on left, an apparitor’s staff. RIC I 407; RSC 529; BMCRE 115-6 = BMCRR Rome 4657-8; BN 537-41; CNR III 450 (this coin). Toned, minor flan flaws and light scratch on obverse. VF. ($500) Ex Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. Inventory 35694; Hamburger 96 (25 October 1932), lot 807. The prows on the reverse commemorate the occasion on which Agrippa received the rostral crown, the battle of Naulochus.

95. Augustus, with Agrippa. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.80 g, 9h). Rome mint; C. Sulpicius Platorinus, moneyer. Struck 13 BC. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head of Augustus right / M • AGRIPPA • PLATORINVS • III • VIR, bare head of Agrippa right. RIC I 408; RSC 3 (Agrippa and Augustus); BMCRE 112-4 = BMCRR Rome 4654-6; BN 533-5; Mazzini 3 (Agrippa and Augustus). Toned, light marks, banker’s mark on each side. VF. Rare. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Review XLIII.1 (Winter 2018), no. 469276; Leu Numismatik Web Auction 1 (25 June 2017), lot 899; Giessener Munzhandlung 29 (28 June 1984), lot 2808. Marcus Agrippa was Augustus’ boyhood friend, lieutenant and and eventual chosen heir, adopted by the emperor in 17 BC to ensure a smooth succession. Agrippa’s prominence in political affairs was emphasized in 13 BC, when two of the three moneyers included Agrippa on their coin types. Succession was not to be, however, as Agrippa died the following year.

96. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Cistophorus (25.5mm, 11.57 g, 12h). Pergamum mint. Struck 27-26 BC. IMP • CAESAR, bare head right; littus to right / AVGVSTVS, capricorn right, head left, bearing cornucopia on back; all within laurel wreath. RIC I 488; Sutherland Group IIIβ, – (unlisted dies); RPC I 2208; RSC 16a; BMCRE 698 = BMCRR East 287; BN 950-1. Lightly toned, areas of porosity, a few scratches. VF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 45 (18 March 1998), lot 1825.

97. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.83 g, 12h). Pergamum mint. Struck 19 BC. AVGVSTVS, bare head right / SIGNIS above, RECEPTIS below, capricorn right. RIC I 521; Calicó 272a; BMCRE 680 = BMCRR East 298; BN 979 (same dies); Biaggi 134 (same dies); Mazzini 263. A few marks. Near VF. ($4000) 40


Extremely Rare Cistophorus

98. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Cistophorus (27mm, 11.51 g, 12h). Pergamum mint. Struck 19-18 BC. IMP • IX • TR • PO • IV, bare head right / S • P • R •/ SIGNIS/ RECEPTIS in three lines in space below arch, triumphal arch surmounted by quadriga facing; before each side-wall an aquila; IMP • IX • TR • PO • IV across entablature. RIC I 508; Sutherland Group VIIα, 447a (O2/R2); RPC I 2216; RSC –; BMCRE –; BMCRR East –; BN –. Lightly toned. VF. Sutherland lists only two coins and two obverse dies for this issue. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives (correctly attributed), and neither the British Museum nor the Bibliothèque Nationale possess an example. ($500) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C39208.

99. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Cistophorus (24.5mm, 11.73 g, 12h). Ephesus mint. Struck circa 25-20 BC. IMP • CAE SAR, bare head right / AVGV STVS across field, six stalks of grain tied in a bundle. RIC I 494; Sutherland Group VIβ, – (unlisted dies); RPC I 2214; RSC 32b; BMCRE 697 = BMCRR East 264; BN 918-21. Toned. VF. ($500)

100 101 100. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Drachm (18mm, 3.44 g, 12h). Cragus in Lycia mint. Struck circa 27-20 BC. Bare head right / Lyre; Λ-Y/K-P in two lines across field, palm frond to right. Troxell, Lycia 111; RPC I 3307; SNG von Aulock 4311-2. Toned with some iridescence on obverse. Near EF. ($300) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory 41212.

101. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.74 g, 6h). Uncertain eastern mint. Struck circa 17 BC. CA ES AR •, youthful, bare head right; all within oak wreath / AVG VST •, candelabrum, ornamented with rams’ heads and surmounted by a crescent; all within a floral wreath entwined with two bucrania and two pateras. RIC I 540; RSC 2 (Caius Caesar); BMCRE 684-5; BN 1013-6. Toned, thin scratch on obverse. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex CNG inventory 704982 (February 1998); Hamburger (29 May 1929), lot 531.

102. Tiberius Gemellus(?). Caesar, AD 35-37. Æ (17mm, 3.61 g, 3h). Philadelphia (as Neocaesarea) in Lydia mint. TIBEPION CEBACTON?, bare head right / NEOKECAPEIC, thunderbolt. LS 24 (under Tiberius Gemellus; same obv. die as illustration); RPC I 3017/1 (under Tiberius; same obv. die as illustration); Vagi 480 (under Tiberius Gemellus; same obv. die as illustration). Dark green patina, some red, minor smoothing. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($1000) Ex Nomos Obolos 5 (26 June 2016), lot 333. For a discussion of this intriguing issue see RPC I p. 491-2. A major problem is due to the broken and recut obverse die, the only die known used for this type, that prohibits a clear reading even on an exceptional specimen like this one.

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103. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (28mm, 12.03 g, 8h). Bilbilis mint in Spain; L. Aelius Sejanus, praetorian consul. Struck AD 31. TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / (MVN) • åGVSTA BIL[BILIS] above, • TI • CÆSARE • V • L • ÆLIO • SEIAN[O] below, laurel wreath containing COS. ACIP 3024; RPC I 398. Brown surfaces, portions of legend on reverse flattened in an act of damnatio memoriae. VF. Most of the name of Sejanus visible. Rare. ($1000) Ex Atlantis Inventory 5459 (10 July 2004). Lucius Aelius Sejanus came from an up-and-coming equestrian family. Early in his career, Sejanus served with Augustus’ grandson Gaius in the east, and may have accompanied Drusus Caesar north to quell the mutinies that broke out upon Augustus’ death. He was made praefectus praetorio (commander of the Praetorian Guard) along with his father Lucius Seius Strabo, but when Strabo was promoted to the post of praefectus Aegypti, Sejanus took sole command of the Guard. As head of a force of 12,000 loyal soldiers, he used his position to gain influence over Tiberius. In AD 23, upon the death of Drusus Caesar, Sejanus proposed marrying Drusus’ widow Livilla, with whom he was allegedly having an affair. So indispensable had he become in maintaining order in the capital that Tiberius called him “the partner of my labors,” a position that Sejanus carefully built upon following the emperor’s retirement to Capri in AD 26. Using the emperor’s absence to his advantage, Sejanus imprisoned Germanicus’ widow, Agrippina Senior, her sons Nero and Drusus, and their supporters on charges of treason. In AD 31, Sejanus served as consul with Tiberius – the first step, he hoped, in acquiring tribunician power and becoming the imperial heir. Although Sejanus’ position seemed unassailable, Tiberius became aware of Sejanus’ machinations and condemned his consular colleague in a letter to the Senate. Sejanus and his children were executed, reprisals followed against his adherents, and the Senate issued a damnatio memoriae.

104. Tiberius, with Divus Augustus. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 7.64 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 14-16. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head of Tiberius right / DIVOS ΛVGVST DIVI F, laureate head of Divus Augustus right; six-pointed star above. RIC I 24; Lyon 118 (unlisted dies); Calicó 311; BMCRE 29; BN 1-2; Adda 16; Biaggi 167; Jameson 32; Mazzini 3 (Tiberius and Augustus). Marks and scratches, traces of earthen deposits on reverse, a few scrapes on edge. VF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Berk BBS 195 (29 October 2015), lot 17 (hammer $7380).

105. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.67 g, 9h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 1, AD 15-18. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate small head right / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right on chair, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left; plain chair legs, double line below. RIC I 25; Lyon 143/11a (D–[unlisted obv. die]/R74); Calicó 305e; BMCRE 30-33; BN 13-15; Biaggi 169; Jameson 31; Mazzini 15. Toned, some marks, traces of earthen deposits. Fine. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 116 (15 June 2005), lot 206.

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Ex Campana Collection

106. Anonymous issues. temp. Tiberius, AD 14-37. Æ Tessera (21mm, 6.52 g, 2h). Draped bust of Bacchus right, hair tied in two plaits, wearing ivy wreath / XIIII. Buttrey –; Cohen 2 (Drusilla?); Kestner, Tesseren –. Brown and green patina, light smoothing. Near EF. ($1000) Ex Gemini XII (11 January 2015), lot 338; Alberto Campana Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 64, 17 May 2012), lot 1096; Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 1518.

Von Kaenel Plate Coin – Pedigreed to 1908

107. Nero Claudius Drusus. Died 9 BC. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.77 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 41-42. NERO CLAVDIVS • DRVSVS • GERMANICVS • IMP, head left, wearing oak wreath (corona civica) / DE above and GERM on architrave of triumphal arch surmounted by equestrian statue right, holding spear in right hand, between two trophies, each with seated and bound captive at foot. RIC I 69 (Claudius; Rome) var. (laureate); von Kaenel Type 12, 184.203 (V143/R147 – this coin, illustrated); Lyon 22/2a (D84/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Calicó 315; BMCRE 95 (Claudius; Rome) var. (same); BN 2 (same obv. die); Adda 17; Biaggi 180; Mazzini 1. Toned, a number of edge marks. Good VF. Rare. ($5000) Ex Freeman & Sear Inventory R4515 (1 July 2005); Collection A (Platt FPL, undated [1930]), no. 1098 (priced at 1,950 fr.); Bourgey (7 December 1908), lot 362.

108. Nero Claudius Drusus. Died 9 BC. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.69 g, 10h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 41-42. NERO • CLAVDIVS • DRVSVS • GERMANICVS • IMP, head left, wearing oak wreath (corona civica) / DE GE R MA NIS, two oblong shields, two pairs of spears, and two trumpets, all crossed over upright vexillum. RIC I 73 (Claudius) var. (laureate); von Kaenel Type 13, 241 (V191/R – [unlisted rev. die]); Lyon 24 (Claudius; unlisted dies); Calicó 317; BMCRE 105-6 (Claudius) var. (same); BN 8 (Claudius; same obv. die); Biaggi 182; Jameson 34; Mazzini 5. Toned, light scratches, minor edge scuff. VF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C38871 (2 July 2002).

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109. Nero Claudius Drusus. Died 9 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.60 g, 3h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 41-42. NERO CLAVDIVS • DRVSVS • GERMANICVS • IMP, head left, wearing oak wreath (corona civica) / DE GERMANIS on architrave of triumphal arch surmounted by equestrian statue left between two trophies; rider raises right hand in act of address, holding spear in left hand. RIC I 72 (Claudius) var. (laureate); von Kaenel Type 14 (unlisted dies); Lyon 27 (unlisted dies); RSC 4; BMCRE 101-3 (Claudius) var. (same); BN 6 (Claudius). Old cabinet tone, areas of minor porosity, reverse slightly off center. Good VF. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 47 (16 September 1998), lot 1447.

110. Antonia Minor. Augusta, AD 37 and 41. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.61 g, 2h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 41-42. ANTONIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, wearing wreath of grain ears, from which one long tie hangs down at back; her hair is fastened in a long plait at back of head / CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI, Antonia (as Constantia), draped, standing facing, holding long torch in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC I 65 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 16, 308 (V248/R– [unlisted rev. die); Calicó 318; BMCRE 109 (Claudius); BN 12 (Claudius; same obv. die); Adda 18; Biaggi 183-4; Jameson 35; Mazzini 1. Toned, traces of deposits, minor marks, edge bruises. Fine. ($2000) Ex Clinton Sherwood Ward Collection (Stack’s, 11 January 2010), lot 354.

111. Gaius (Caligula), with Divus Augustus. AD 37-41. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.63 g, 2h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. 1st emission, AD 37. C CΛESΛR ΛVG GERM P M TR POT COS, bare head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Radiate head of Divus Augustus right; two stars flanking. RIC I 2; Lyon 157 (unlisted dies); RSC 11; BMCRE 4-5; BN 3-8. Toned, shallow edge test. VF. ($3000) Ex WRG Collection (Classical Numismatic Review XLIII.2 [Summer 2018]), no. 486155; Coin Galleries (12 November 1986), lot 183.

112. Gaius (Caligula), with Divus Augustus. AD 37-41. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.71 g, 3h). Lugdunum mint. 2nd emission, 2nd phase, late AD 37-early 38. C • CAESAR • AVG • GERM • P • M • TR • POT, laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right / DIVVS • ΛVG • PΛTER • PΛTRIΛE •, radiate head of Divus Augustus right. RIC I 16 (Rome); Lyon 167/6a (D93/ R90); RSC 2; BMCRE 17; BN 21. Attractive old cabinet tone, some minor scratches under tone, traces of deposits, small edge test. Good VF. Two wonderful portraits. ($3000) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C37991.

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113. Gaius (Caligula), with Germanicus. AD 37-41. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.66 g, 8h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. 2nd emission, 2nd phase, late AD 37-early 38. C • CAESAR • AVG • GERM • P • M • TR • POT •, laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right / GERMANICVS • CAES • P • C • CAES • AVG • GERM, bare head of Germanicus right. RIC I 18; Lyon 172; RSC 2; BMCRE 19-20; BN 28-9. Toned, marks and scratches under tone. VF. ($2000) Ex Edward J. Waddell FPL 66 (1995), no 87.

114. Gaius (Caligula), with Agrippina Senior. AD 37-41. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.64 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 40. C • CAESAR • AVG • PON • M • TR • POT • III • COS • III, laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right / AGRIPPINA • MAT • C • CAES • AVG • GERM •, draped bust of Agrippina Senior right. RIC I 21; Lyon 178 (unlisted dies); Calicó 327a; BMCRE 22; BN –; Biaggi 196; Jameson 39; Mazzini 5. A couple of minor edge marks. Near VF. Very rare. ($10,000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica R (17 May 2007), lot 1437. Caligula’s coinage types are largely dedicated to honoring his deceased ancestors, conveniently thereby advertising his own august lineage.

115. Gaius (Caligula), with Agrippina Senior. AD 37-41. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.51 g, 12h). Antioch mint. Dated RY 3 (AD 38/9). ΓAIOY KAI[ΣAPOΣ ΣEBA Γ]EPMA •, laureate head of Caligula right / AΓPIΠΠE[INHΣ AN]TIO • MHTPO •, head of Agrippina Senior right, with braided hair; Γ/ET (date) before. McAlee 225; Prieur 66; RPC I 4167. Toned, faint traces of smoothing in obverse field. VF. ($1000) Purchased from Kirk Davis, January 2006. Ex Triton VIII (11 January 2005), lot 789.

116. Claudius. AD 41-54. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.56 g, 7h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 46-47. TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P VI IMP XI, laureate head right / DE BRITANN on architrave of triumphal arch surmounted by equestrian statue left between two trophies. RIC I 34; von Kaenel Type 27, 615 (V516/R532); Lyon 53/4a (D264/R283); RSC 18; BMCRE 35 (same dies); BN 57. Iridescent tone, minor marks, reverse slightly off center, a couple of shallow edge test cuts. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) Ex Berk BBS 131 (2 April 2003), lot 358.

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117. Claudius, with Agrippina Junior. AD 41-54. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.80 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 50-51. TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TRIB [POT P P], laureate head of Claudius right / AGRIPPINAE ΛVGVSTΛE, draped bust of Agrippina right, wearing wreath of grain ears and hair in long plait taken up, two locks falling loosely down neck. RIC I 80; von Kaenel Type 50 (unlisted dies); Lyon 82 (unlisted dies); Calicó 396e; BMCRE 72-4; BN 76-81; Adda 25; Biaggi 215-6; Jameson 45; Mazzini 3. A few marks. VF. ($5000) Ex Berk BBS 160 (13 August 2008), lot 11.

118. Claudius. AD 41-54. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.67 g, 11h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 50-51. TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P X P P IMP XVIII, laureate head right / S P Q R/ P P/ OB C S in three lines within oak wreath. RIC I 60; von Kaenel Type 38 (unlisted dies); Lyon 71 (unlisted dies); RSC 94; BMCRE p. 173, note 60; BN –. Attractively toned, some verdigris, minor flan flaw and a few light scratches on obverse, light test cut on edge. Good VF. Very rare. ($2000) Ex Coin Galleries (17 July 1991), lot 384.

119. Claudius, with Nero as Caesar. AD 41-54. AR Denarius (18mm, 362 g, 4h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 51. TI CLAVD • CAESAR • AVG • GERM P • M • TRIB POT • P • P •, laureate head of Claudius right / [NERO CL]AVD CAES DRVSVS • GERM • PRINC IVVEN[T], bareheaded and draped bust of young Nero left. RIC I 83 (Rome); von Kaenel Type 51 (unlisted dies); Lyon 85 (unlisted dies); RSC 5; BMCRE 80-1 (Rome); BN 89-90. Toned, hairlines and some minor marks. VF. ($1500) Ex Pegasi Inventory 11330159 (19 January 2015).

120. Claudius, with Agrippina Junior. AD 41-54. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.63 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 51. TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TRIB POT P P, laureate head of Claudius right / ΛGRIPPINΛE ΛVGVSTΛE, draped bust of Agrippina right, wearing wreath of grain ears and hair in long plait taken up, two locks falling loosely down neck. RIC I 81; von Kaenel Type 50 (unlisted dies); RSC 4; BMCRE 75-6; BN 82-4. Deep cabinet tone, some scratches and marks under tone. VF. ($1500)

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121. Claudius. AD 41-54. AR Cistophorus (25.5mm, 11.02 g, 6h). Ephesus mint. Struck circa AD 41-42. TI CLAVD CAES • AVG, bare head left / DIAN EPHE across field, temple of Diana Ephesia: cult statue of Diana Ephesia, with fillets hanging from her wrists and polos on her head, within tetrastyle temple, pediment decorated with figures flanking a central table with disk above, two tables and recumbent figures in angles. RIC I 118 corr. (obv. type); RPC I 2222; RSC 30; BMCRE 229-30; BN 298-301. Mottled toning, die break on reverse. Good VF. Bold portrait in high relief. ($1500) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C37568 (21 September 2001); Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 281 (October 1967), no. 24.

123

122

122. Claudius. AD 41-54. AR Cistophorus (27mm, 11.23 g, 6h). Ephesus mint. Struck AD 41-42. TI CLAVD CAES • AVG, bare head left / COM ASI across field, distyle temple of Roma and Augustus, enclosing standing facing figures of Claudius, holding spear in right hand, being crowned by Fortuna, holding wreath in right hand and cornucopia in left; ROM ET AVG on entablature. RIC I 120 (Pergamum); RPC I 2221; RSC 3; BMCRE 228; BN 304-6 (Pergamum). Toned. VF. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 28 (6 May 2001), lot 62505.

123. Claudius, with Agrippina Junior. AD 41-54. AR Cistophorus (26mm, 10.88 g, 6h). Ephesus mint. Struck AD 51. TI CLAVD • CAESAR • AVG • P • M • TR • P • X • IMP • XIIX, laureate head of Claudius right / AGRIPPINA • AVGVSTA • CAESARIS • AVG, draped bust or Agrippina Junior right. RIC I 117; RPC I 2223 (same obv. die as illustration); RSC 2; BMCRE 234-5; BN 294 (same obv. die); Mazzini 2 (same obv. die); Savoca Online Auction 29, lot 200 (same dies). Attractive cabinet tone, hairlines under tone. Near VF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 21 (28 January 2001), lot 61459.

Ex Hunt, Biaggi, and Platt Hall Collections – Calicó Plate Coin

124. Divus Claudius. Died AD 54. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.79 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Nero, AD 5455. DIVVS CLAVDIVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head left / EX S C in exergue, slow quadriga right, with tensa (car) in form of small temple, showing front, the tensa with pediment like a temple and decorated with two pateras and a lituus, surmounted by four miniature horses, flanked by Victories left and right; on the side and front are figures (Victory and Virtus(?) and wreath). RIC I 4 (Nero); WCN 1; von Kaenel Type 53 (Divus Claudius [Nero] – unlisted dies); Lyon 1 (unlisted dies); Calicó 354 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 4-5 (Nero); BN 1-2 (Nero); Biaggi 203 (this coin); Jameson –; Mazzini 31. Good VF. Very rare. ($7500) Ex Berk BBS 146 (29 November 2005), lot 7; Nelson Bunker Hunt Collection (Part II, Sotheby’s New York, 21 June 1990), lot 682; Leo Biaggi de Blasys Collection, 203; Henry Platt Hall Collection (Part II, Glendining, 16 November 1950), lot 1024.

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Calicó Plate Coin

125. Nero. As Caesar, AD 50-54. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.55 g, 11h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 51. NERONI • CLAVDIO • DRVSO • GERM • COS • DESIGN •, bareheaded and draped bust of young Nero right / EQVESTER/ OR DO/ PRINCIPI/ IVVENT in four lines on a shield; behind it, a vertical spear, point upward. RIC I 78 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 53, 964 (V821/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Lyon 88 (Claudius); Calicó 407 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 90-2 (Claudius); BN 94-5; Adda 29; Biaggi 223; Mazzini 96. A few marks and edge bruises, die break on reverse, some earthen deposits. Good VF. Struck from the same obverse die as the example in The Bibliothèque Royale Albert I in Brussels. ($7500) Ex Berk BBS 195 (29 October 2015), lot 18.

126 127 126. Nero. As Caesar, AD 50-54. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.67 g, 2h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 51. NERONI CLAVDIO DRVSO GERM COS DESIGN, Young, bareheaded, and draped bust right / EQVESTER/ OR DO/ PRINCIPI/ IVVENT in four lines on shield; behind it, a vertical spear, point upward. RIC I 79 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 53; Lyon 89 (unlisted dies); RSC 97; BMCRE 93-4 (Claudius); BN 96-7 (Claudius). Toned, small flan flaw on obverse. Good VF. Excellent silver quality. ($1000) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C37683 (22 October 2001).

127. Nero. As Caesar, AD 50-54. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.49 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 51. NERO CLAVD CAES DRVSVS GERM PRINC IVVENT, bareheaded and draped young bust left / SACERD [COOPT] IN OMN CONL SVPRA NVM EX S C, on left, simpulum above tripod; on right, lituus above patera. RIC I 77 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 52 (unlisted dies); Lyon 87 (Claudius, Lugdunum – unlisted dies); RSC 312; BMCRE 87 (Claudius); BN 93 (Claudius, Lugdunum). Toned, shallow scratches and marks under tone. VF. ($500) Ex CNG inventory 717938 (December 1999).

128. Nero. As Caesar, AD 50-54. AR Cistophorus (26mm, 11.04 g, 6h). Ephesus mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 51. NERONI • CLAVD • CAES • DRVSO • GERM, bareheaded and draped bust left / COS DES/ P[RIN]C/ IV[VEN]T in three lines on round shield; all within laurel wreath. RIC I 121 (Claudius; same dies as illustration); RPC I 2225 (same dies as illustration); RSC 82; BMCRE 236 (same dies); BN 307 (Pergamum). Toned, some faint hairlines under tone. Good Fine. Rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 21 (28 January 2001), lot 61460.

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129 130 129. Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.55 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 56-57. NERO • CAESAR • AVG • IMP •, bare head right / PONTIF • MAX • TR • P [• III • P • P •], EX • S C within oak wreath. RIC I 12; WCN 39; Lyon 12/2a (D75/R77); RSC 207; BMCRE 14; BN 19. Areas of iridescent tone, light scratches, reverse struck slightly off center. Near EF. The tribunician date on reverse is clearly legible on an example from the Gnecchi Collection (Lyon 12/2a) struck from the same dies. Exceptional portrait in high relief. ($2000) Ex Berk BBS 121 (10 July 2001), lot 316.

130. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.70 g, 2h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 60. NERO • CAESAR • AVG • IMP •, bare head right / PONTIF • MAX • TR • P • VI • COS IIII • P • P •, EX • S C within oak wreath. RIC I 19; WCN 9; Lyon 19 (unlisted dies); Calicó 426; BMCRE 21-2; BN 26-7; Biaggi 231. Toned, a few marks, reverse struck slightly off center, shallow test cut on edge. VF. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 63 (21 May 2003), lot 1240.

131 132 131. Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.53 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 60-61. NERO • CAESAR • AVG • IMP •, bare head right / PONTIF • MAX • TR • P • VII • COS • IIII • P • P •, Ceres, veiled and draped, standing left, holding poppy between two stalks of grain in right hand and long torch in left. RIC I 24; WCN 44; Lyon 24 (unlisted dies); RSC 218; BMCRE 26; BN 34. Some porosity. Good VF. ($750) Ex Berk BBS 123 (23 October 2000), lot 556.

132. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 25.32 g, 7h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck circa AD 65. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, globe at point of neck / PΛCE P R TER RΛ MΛRIQ PΛRTΛ IΛNVM CLVSIT, S C across field, temple of Janus, with latticed windows to left and garland hung across closed double doors to right. RIC I 439 (same rev. die as illustration); WCN 426; Lyon 117/1a (D– [unlisted obv. die]/R339); BMCRE 320 (same rev. die); BN –. Brown surfaces, even light roughness. Near EF. Well struck and attractive. ($2000) Ex Vilmar Numismatics Inventory 9343 (10 January 2015); James M. Lindley Collection (Lanz 159, 8 December 2014), lot 356.

133. Nero, with Agrippina Junior. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.52 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 55. NERO CLAVD DIVI F CAES AVG GERM IMP TR P COS, conjoined busts right of Nero, bareheaded, drapery at back of neck, and of Agrippina Junior, bareheaded and draped / AGRIPP AVG DIVI CLAVD NERONIS CAES MATER, EX S C in left field, chariot drawn left by quadriga of elephants; on two chairs set on chariot are seated two male figures, Divus Claudius, radiate and holding eagle-tipped scepter in right hand, and Divus Augustus, holding patera in right hand and scepter in left. RIC I 7; WCN 37; RSC 4; BMCRE 8; BN 13-14. Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 1171; Aufhäuser 13 (7 October 1997), lot 315.

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134. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.32 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-66. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / AVGVSTVS AVGVSTA, Nero, radiate and togate, standing left, holding patera in right hand and scepter in left; to right, his wife, Poppaea Sabina, veiled and draped, standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC I 44 and 56; WCN 23; Calicó 401; BMCRE 52-3; BN 199-200; Adda 27; Biaggi 220; Mazzini 42. Reddish toning characteristic of the Boscoreale Hoard of 1895, some hairlines and marks on edge. Good VF. ($5000) Ex Cederlind Inventory r13113 (18 January 2003).

135. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.23 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-66. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / IANVM CLVS[IT PACE P] R TERRA MARIQ PARTA, closed doors of the temple of Janus. RIC I 50 and 58; WCN 26; Calicó 409; BMCRE 64-6; BN 211-2; Adda 30; Biaggi 224; Mazzini 114. Underlying luster, faint hairlines, scrape on reverse, edge shows a couple of shallow test cuts, marks, and areas of smoothing. Good VF. ($5000) Ex Berk BBS 127 (25 June 2002), lot 21; Numismatica Ars Classica M (20 March 2002), lot 2613.

136. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 6.48 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-65. NERO CΛESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter, bare to waist, cloak around lower limbs, seated left on throne, holding thunderbolt in right hand and reversed spear in left. RIC I 52 var. (scepter); WCN 25 ; Calicó 412 var. (same); BMCRE 67-73 var. (same); BN 213-9 var. (same); Adda 31 var. (same); Biaggi 225 (same obv. die); Mazzini 118 var. (same). Attractive red toning characteristic of aurei from Boscoreale. VF. Rare with Jupiter holding spear. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 94 (18 September 2013), lot 1147; Goldberg 42 (23 September 2007), lot 136.

137. Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.45 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-65. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / ROMA in exergue, Roma, helmeted and draped, seated left on cuirass, right foot set on helmet, holding Victory in right hand and resting left on parazonium at side; round and oblong shields and greave to right. RIC I 55; WCN 59; RSC 258; BMCRE 83-5; BN 224. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($1000)

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138. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ (18.5mm, 5.64 g, 12h). Sebaste mint in Phrygia; Ioulios Dionysios, magistrate. Struck circa AD 55. ΣEBAΣ TOΣ, bareheaded and draped bust right / ΣEBAΣTHNΩ N IOYΛIOΣ ΔIONYΣIOΣ, Zeus seated left, holding eagle in right hand and vertical scepter in left. RPC I 3155/1 (same obv. die); SNG München 451-2 (same obv. die). Dark green, almost black, patina. Superb EF. ($500) Ex CNG inventory 803028 (June 2008); Gorny & Mosch 160 (9 October 2007), lot 1942 (since conserved).

Ex Niggeler & Trau Collections – Pedigreed to 1935

139. Nero, with Agrippina Junior. AD 54-68. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 3.61 g, 12h). Caesarea mint in Cappadocia. NERO CLAVD • DIVI • CLAVD • F • CAESAR AVG GERMANI, laureate head of Nero right / AGRIPPINA • AVGVSTA • MATER AVGVSTI •, draped bust of Agrippina Junior right; c/m: ligatured KK. RPC I 3637.5 (this coin); Sydenham 78 var.; for c/m: Howgego 850 (this coin listed). Toned, numerous scratches and marks under tone. VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 58 (19 September 2001), lot 955; Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 965; Walter Niggeler Collection (Part II, Leu/Münzen und Medaillen AG, 21 October 1966), lot 659; Franz Trau Collection (Gilhofer & Ranschburg, 22 May 1935), lot 394. The Trau Collection was formed and maintained by three generations of an Austrian family from circa 1870 to the 1930s. Carl Trau (18111887) was a chemist in Vienna who branched out into importing tea and other luxury goods from the Orient. A founding member of the Austrian Numismatic Society, his collecting interest focused on Medieval coinage. His son Franz Sr. (1842-1905) carried on the family business and refocused the numismatic collection on ancient coins, particularly Roman Imperial issues. Franz Jr. (1881-1931) oversaw the first Trau auction of about 2,300 coins, medals and books by Egger in January 1904 and continued to build the collection over the next two and half decades. The greater part of the collection was sold by Adolph Hess, with Gilhofer and Ranschburg, at two auctions in 1935 and 1936. The Traus were quite eclectic and systematic in their collecting, acquiring Roman coins in all metals and denominations, including great rarities seldom offered before or since.

140. Civil War. AD 68-69. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.05 g, 6h). Uncertain mint in Gaul. MARS VLTOR, Mars, naked but for helmet, advancing right, brandishing javelin in right hand and holding round shield in left; parazonium at left side / S P • Q R within oak wreath. RIC I 54 var. (obv. legend placement); AM 71; RSC 414; BMCRE 23-4; BN 22-3. Toned, a few surface marks and light scratches. VF. Very rare. ($1000) Ex Viggo Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 1031; Aureo & Calicó 241 (8 February 2012), lot 33.

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141. Galba. AD 68-69. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.16 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68-January 69. IMP SER GALBA AVG, bare head right / S P Q R/ OB C S in two lines within oak wreath. RIC I 164; Calicó 509; BMCRE 29-30 corr. (not laureate); BN 72-4; Adda 42; Biaggi 265; Jameson 53; Mazzini 286; Roma IX, 610 (same rev. die). Some hairlines. VF. ($7500) Ex Frank L. Kovacs Inventory 701 (January 2004).

142. Otho. AD 69. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.11 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 15 January-8 March. IMP M OTHO CΛESAR AVG TR P, bare head right / SECV• RI TAS • P • R •, Securitas, draped, standing left, holding wreath in right hand and scepter in left. RIC I 7; Muona Group 1, Type 4A, Portrait Type A; Calicó 531a; BMCRE 13-5; BN 8; Biaggi 271; Jameson 56; Mazzini 16. Hairlines, a number of small contact marks. Near VF. Well centered on a broad flan with the full name. Rare. ($10,000) Ex Gemini VIII (with Heritage Auctions, 14 April 2011), lot 294.

Rare Dynastic Denarius

143. Vitellius, with his children. AD 69. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.06 g, 6h). Dynastic issue. Rome mint. Struck circa late April-20 December. [A VIT]ELLIVS GERMAN IMP TR P, laureate head of Vitellius right / LIBERI IMP GERMAN, confronted, bareheaded, and draped busts of Vitellius’ son, Vitellius Germanicus, on the left, and daughter, Vitellia, on the right. RIC I 79; RSC 5; BMCRE p. 370, note 12; BN –; J. Schulman 262 (14 May 1975), lot 1337 (same dies). Toned, a couple of scratches on reverse. Good VF. Neither the British Museum nor the Bibliothèque Nationale possesses an example of this rare issue. ($2000) Ex Berk BBS 121 (10 July 2001), lot 320.

144. Vitellius, with Vitellius the Elder. AD 69. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.06 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa late April-20 December. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right / L VITELLIVS COS III CENSOR, L. Vitellius the Elder, togate, seated left on curule chair, feet on stool, extending right hand and holding eagle-tipped scepter in left. RIC I 94; Calicó 565; BMCRE 23; BN 54-5; Adda 44; Biaggi 281; Mazzini 54. Underlying luster, some faint hairlines on obverse, minor marks. VF. ($7500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 66 (19 May 2004), lot 1389. On this coin, Aulus Vitellius honors his far more capable father, Lucius Vitellius. Among the accomplishments of the senior Vitellius were his marriage to the daughter of Octavia, the removal of Pontius Pilate as governor of Judaea, and a consulship he shared with the emperor Claudius in AD 43. Claudius left Lucius Vitellius in charge of Rome when he left to conquer the British.

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145. Vitellius, with Vitellius the Elder. AD 69. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.02 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa late April-20 December. [A V]ITELLIVS GERM IM[P AVG TR P], laureate head of Vitellius right / L VITELLIVS COS III CEN[SOR], Laureate and draped bust of Lucius Vitellius right; eagle-tipped scepter to right. RIC I 99; RSC 2 (Lucius Vitellius); BMCRE 26; BN 58-61; CNG 79, lot 1081 (same dies). Toned. Near VF. Rare. ($1500) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C35348.

146

147

146. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.26 g, 7h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 70. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right / COS ITER FORT RED, Fortuna, draped, standing left, dropping right hand to touch prow on ground to left, and holding cornucopia in left. RIC II.1 1104; Lyon 1 (unlisted dies); Calicó 602; BMCRE 373; BN –; Adda –; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. VF. ($3000) Ex Berk BBS 159 (3 June 2008), lot 10.

147. Vespasian, with Titus and Domitian as Caesares. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.04 g, 7h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 71. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS • AVG TR P, laureate head of Vespasian right / TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN, Titus and Domitian, togate, seated left side by side on curule chairs, each holding branch in right hand, left hands at sides. RIC II.1 1123; Lyon 15/2a (D39/R38); Calicó 677a (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 392 (same dies); BN 300; Adda 59 (same rev. die); Biaggi 337; Mazzini 543. Near VF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 124 (12 October 2005), lot 247.

148. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 25.94 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 71. IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right / IVDAEA CAPTA, S C in exergue, palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right, left foot on helmet, holding spear in right hand and parazonium in left; to right, Judaea seated right on cuirass, right hand on knee, left hand propping her head in attitude of mourning. RIC II.1 1134; Hendin 1543; Lyon 27 (unlisted dies); BMCRE 800; BN –. Green-brown surfaces, minor roughness. VF. Rare. ($1000) Purchased from Amphora (David Hendin).

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Judaea Capta Aureus

149. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.18 g, 6h). “Judaea Capta” commemorative. Rome mint. Struck circa 21 December AD 69-early 70. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / IVDAEA in exergue, trophy; to right, Judaea seated right in attitude of mourning, head resting on left hand, right arm on lap. RIC II.1 1; Hendin 1464; Calicó 643; BMCRE 31-4; BN 20-2; Biaggi 324; Mazzini 225. A few light scratches. Near VF. ($7500) Ex Goldberg 25 (31 May 2004), lot 3143.

Pedigreed to 1926

150. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.29 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 73. IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN, laureate head right / VES TA, Temple of Vesta: round-domed, tetrastyle temple, four steps leading up to it; statue of Vesta dancing within, flanked by statue to left and right of Temple. RIC II.1 515; Calicó 690a (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 107; BN 92; Biaggi 340; Ciani (7 April 1930), lot 109 (same dies). A few marks and scratches, some deposits on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($7500) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C38883; Arthur M. Woodward Collection (Glendining & Co., 27 September 1962), lot 181; Ars Classica XII (18 October 1926), lot 2806.

The Heifer of Myron

151. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.01 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 76. IMP CΛESAR VESPΛSIΛNVS ΛVG, laureate head right / COS VII, heifer of Myron standing right. RIC II.1 840; Calicó 622a (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 176; BN –; Adda 53; Biaggi 314; Mazzini 117 (same rev. die); Triton I, lot 1356 (same rev. die). Toned. Near VF. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Review XLII.1 (Winter 2017), no. 446675. The reverse is thought to represent the bronze heifer by Myron, the 5th century BC Athenian sculptor. Vespasian placed the monumental work in his Templum Pacis (Temple of Peace), which was constructed following the close of the Jewish War. The temple complex doubled as a sort of public museum, where many of the spoils from the sack of Jerusalem were displayed alongside prominent works of art.

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Dynastic Issue – Bold Portraits

152. Vespasian, with Titus and Domitian as Caesares. AD 69-79. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.61 g, 6h). Dynastic issue. Ephesus mint. Struck AD 71. [IMP] CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head of Vespasian right / LIBERI IMP right to left below inwardly, AVG VESPAS above, confronted bare heads of Titus and Domitian; E(PHE) between. RIC II.1 1429; RPC II 831; RSC 2a; BMCRE 455; BN 347-8. Choice EF. Bold portraits. ($2000) Purchased from Pars Coins.

Rare Divus Vespasian Judaea Capta Aureus

153. Divus Vespasian. Died AD 79. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.07 g, 6h). “Judaea Capta” commemorative. Rome mint. Struck under Titus, AD 80-81. DIVVS ΛVGVSTVS VESPΛSIΛNUS, laureate head right / EX S C in exergue, slow quadriga left, with tensa (car) in form of small temple, showing front, with pediment and one side; in front, standing figure; on roof, quadriga in center, wreath-bearing Victories to left and right; on side, two standing figures (Mars and Minerva?). RIC II.1 360 (Titus – R2); Hendin 1580; Calicó 629; BMCRE 118 (Titus); BN 92-3 (Titus); Adda –; Biaggi –; Jameson –; cf. Mazzini 146 (Denarius). Toned, scratches on obverse, banker’s mark on reverse, some deposits. Good Fine. Rare. ($3000) Ex Albert M. Potts Collection (Freeman & Sear 15, 27 June 2008), lot 339; Münzen und Medaillen AG 44 (15 June 1971), lot 54.

154. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.18 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 77-78. T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head right / COS VI in exergue, Roma, helmeted, in military dress, seated right on two oval shields, right foot advanced, left foot on helmet, holding spear in left hand, right hand on lap; to left and right, eagle flying; on ground to right, she-wolf and twins. RIC II.1 954 (Vespasian); Calicó 738a; BMCRE 223 (Vespasian –same rev. die)); BN 199-200 (Vespasian); Biaggi 364; ; Mazzini 64; Triton XX, lot 699 (same dies). Shallow edge scrape. VF. Bold portrait. ($3000) Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection (Gemini IX, 9 January 2012), lot 308; Gorny & Mosch 114 (4 March 2002), lot 257.

155. Titus. AD 79-81. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.10 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck 1 January-30 June AD 80. IMP TITVS CΛES VESPΛSIΛN ΛVG P M, laureate head right / TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around anchor. RIC II.1 110; Calicó 779; BMCRE 71; BN 57-9; Biaggi 380; Mazzini 308; CNG E-337, lot 397 (same dies). Lightly toned. Good Fine. Rare. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 70 (21 September 2005), lot 903.

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156. Domitian. As Caesar, AD 69-81. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.18 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 73-early 75. CΛES ΛVG F DOMIT COS II (counterclockwise from lower right), laureate head right / Domitian, togate, cloak flying out behind him, on horse prancing left, extending right hand and holding vertical scepter surmounted by human head in left. RIC II.1 679 (Vespasian); Calicó 812a; BMCRE 126-7 (Vespasian); BN 100-2 (Vespasian); Adda 79; Biaggi 439; Mazzini 663. Toned, marks, edge marks and smoothed all the way around. VF. ($2000) Ex Arthur Bally-Herzog Collection (Part II, Münzen und Medaillen GmbH 14, 16 April 2004), lot 102.

157 158 157. Domitian. AD 81-96. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.40 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 14 September-31 December AD 88. IMP CΛES DOMIT ΛVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head right / COS XIIII LVD SΛEC FEC, herald, wearing long garment to ankles and short over-garment to waist, round cap with two feathers on head, advancing left, holding vertical wand in right hand and round shield, on which is helmeted bust of Minerva right, in left. RIC II.1 596; RSC 76/77; BMCRE 131-2; BN 120-1. Toned. Good VF. ($300) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C35863.

158. Domitian. AD 81-96. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.40 g, 6h). Ludi Saeculares (Secular Games) issue. Rome mint. Struck 14 September-31 December AD 88. IMP CΛES DOMIT ΛVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head right / Cippus inscribed COS/ XIIII/ LVD/ SΛEC/ FEC in five lines; to right, herald, wearing long garment to ankles and short over-garment to waist, round cap with two feathers on head, standing left, holding vertical wand in right hand and round shield; candelabrum between. RIC II.1 601; RSC 73; BMCRE 135-6; BN 124-5. Toned, small metal flaw on reverse. Good VF. ($300) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C35864.

159 160 159. Domitian. AD 81-96. AR Cistophorus (26mm, 11.07 g, 6h). Rome mint (for circulation in Asia). Struck AD 82. IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG P M COS VIII, laureate head right / CA PIT across field, RESTIT in exergue, tetrastyle Capitoline Temple, on podium of three steps; in center, Jupiter seated facing, holding scepter in left hand; to left and right, Juno and Minerva standing facing, each holding scepter; uncertain group in pediment; on roof, facing quadriga in center, bigae(?) on corners. RIC II.1 841; RPC II 864; RSC 23; BMCRE 251 var. (four steps; Ephesus?); BN 221 var. (same; Ephesus?). Toned. VF. Rare. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 1166. While no decisive evidence exists for the location of the mint of the cistophori during the reigns of Vespasian through Trajan, the style, legends, and, in particular, the consistent die axis point to Rome, suggesting that these coins were minted in the capital and then sent to Asia for local use.

160. Domitian. AD 81-96. AR Cistophorus (25mm, 11.17 g, 6h). Rome mint (for circulation in Asia). Struck AD 82. IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG P M COS VIII •, laureate head right / Aquila between two signa, signum on left surmounted by hand, signum on right surmounted by vexillum. RIC II.1 843; RPC II 865; RSC 667; BMCRE 252 (Ephesus?); BN 222 (Ephesus?). Toned. Good VF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 1167.

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Rare Denarius of Domitia

161. Domitia. Augusta, AD 82-96. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.23 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Domitian, AD 82-83. DOMITIΛ ΛVGVSTΛ IMP DOMIT, draped bust right, wearing necklace, and hair massed high in front above forehead and knotted in long plait on neck / CONCOR DIΛ ΛVGVS T, peacock standing right. RIC II.1 151 (Domitian); RSC 2; BMCRE 61 (Domitian); BN 65 (Domitian; same rev. die). Toned, some scratches under tone, slightly granular surfaces, flan flaw on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 42 (29 May 1997), lot 887.

Vespasian Junior

162. Vespasian Junior. Caesar, AD ?-95/6. Æ (17.5mm, 2.16 g, 12h). Smyrna mint in Ionia. Struck circa AD 94-95. OYЄCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, bare head right / ZMYP NAIΩN, Nike advancing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left. Klose Type XLII, Serie A, Gruppe a, 1 (V1/R2); RPC II 1028; Vagi 1165. Green-brown patina, some encrustations on reverse. VF. Rare. ($750) Purchased from Frank L. Kovacs. One of the greatest problems facing Domitian toward the end of his reign was the lack of an heir – a problem which he solved by adopting two sons of his niece Domitilla and her husband Titus Flavius Clemens, renaming the heirs Vespasian Junior and Domitian Junior. Becoming suspicious of Flavius, Domitian exiled him along with Domitilla to Pandateria on charges of atheism. As nothing further is recorded about either adopted heir, it can be assumed that both were punished in some way for the supposed crimes of their parents.

Calicó Plate Coin

163. Nerva. AD 96-98. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.58 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 97. IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right / CONCORDIΛ EXERCITVVM, two clasped right hands. RIC II 14; Calicó 955 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE p. 4, note 25; BN 14-5; Adda 80 (same dies); Biaggi 450-1; Mazzini 19. A few marks. Good VF. ($5000) Ex Berk BBS 167 (3 December 2009), lot 14; Numismatic Fine Arts XVI (2 December 1985), lot 411.

164. Nerva. AD 96-98. AR Cistophorus (26.5mm, 10.28 g, 7h). Rome mint (for circulation in Asia). Struck AD 97. IMP NERVΛ CΛES ΛVG P M TR POT P P, laureate head right / COS III low across field, six stalks of grain tied into a bundle. RIC II 120; RSC 45; BMCRE 81; BN 63. Toned, a few scratches on obverse. Near VF. ($300) Ex CNG inventory 726853 (June 2001).

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165. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.27 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck autumn AD 98-99. IMP CΛES NERVΛ TRΛ IΛN ΛVG GERM, laureate head right / P • M • TR • P • COS • II • P • P, Fortuna, draped, standing left, holding rudder set on prow in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC II 4; Woytek 53a; Strack 22 (same obv. die as illustration); Calicó 1042; BMCRE 32-3; BN 45-6; Adda 98; Biaggi 501 var. (bust type); iNumis 17, lot 174 (same dies). Underlying luster, a few minor marks. Good VF. ($4000) Ex Berk BBS 159 (3 June 2008), lot 13.

The Basilica Ulpia in Trajan’s Forum

166. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.03 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 112-113. IMP • TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / BΛSILICΛ VLPIA in exergue, octastyle façade of the Basilica Ulpia: above the colonnade are statues, a facing quadriga in center, standing warriors to left and right, facing bigas to left and right, two signa to the far left and right; above the statutes, a flat roof with ornaments. RIC II 247; Beckmann, Early Group II, 3f (dies a16/B3 – this coin); Woytek 399f (same rev. die as illustration); Strack 202β; Calicó 988 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 492; BN 660 (same dies); Biaggi 466 (same dies); Jameson 91 (same dies); Mazzini 42 v. (same dies). Toned, a few marks and scratches. VF. Rare. A wonderful historic and architectural reverse type. ($3000) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C38590; Vinchon (29 October 1962), lot 23. The Basilica Ulpia, located in the Forum of Trajan, was an ancient Roman civic building. Completed about AD 112, it was dedicated to the administration of commerce, justice, and the presence of the emperor. It was named after Trajan whose full name was Marcus Ulpius Traianus.

Entrance to Trajan’s Forum

167. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.26 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 112-113. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / FORVM TRAIAN in exergue, Arcus Traiani (triumphal entrance) of the Forum Traiani: hexastyle building façade; surmounted by statue of facing chariot drawn by four horses between two figures flanking trophy on either side; four statues within arches below. RIC II 255 var. (bust type); Beckmann, Early, Group I, 20 (dies a18/F7); Woytek 403f1 (same dies as illustration); Strack 207β; Calicó 1030 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 510; BN 658 (same obv. die); Adda 94 (same dies); Biaggi 492 (same dies); Jameson 92 (same dies); Mazzini –. Traces of deposits, light scratch, small flat spot on edge. Good VF. Rare. ($5000) Ex Stack’s (13 January 2004), lot 35; Stack’s (9 December 1991), lot 45.

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168. Trajan, with Trajan Pater and Nerva. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.06 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa mid AD 112-spring 113. IMP TRAIANVS AVG GER • DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / DIVI • NERVA • ET • TRAIANVS • PAT, busts of Nerva on left, laureate, slight drapery, and Trajan the Elder on right, bareheaded and draped left, facing one another. RIC II 726 corr. (obv. legend; same rev. die as illustration); Beckmann, Early, Group V, 5 (dies b3/N2); Woytek 405f; Strack 215β; Calicó 1138c (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 499 (same dies); BN 690 (same rev. die); Biaggi 459; Jameson 99. A few marks. Fine. Rare. ($2000) Ex Pegasi 106 (16 March 1998), lot 7.

Trajan Pater

169. Trajan, with Trajan Pater. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.28 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa mid AD 112-spring 113. IMP TRAIANVS AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Trajan right / DIVVS • PATER TRAIANVS •, bareheaded and draped bust of Trajan the Elder right. RIC II 763 var. (no break in rev. legend); Beckmann, Early, Group IVa (dies a1/P1); Woytek 408f1 (same dies as illustration); Strack 214β var. (same); Calicó 1135a (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 507 (same dies); BN 691-2 var. (same); Adda –; Biaggi –; Jameson 98 var. (same); Mazzini 2 var. (same). Underlying luster. VF. Very rare. ($7500)

Ex Joseph Laugier Collection – Pedigreed to 1913

170. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.07 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa spring AD 113-summer 114. • IMP • TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / S • P • Q • R • OPTIMO PRINCIPI, aquila between vexillum surmounted by wreath on left and signum surmounted by hand on right. RIC II 294 var. (bust type); Beckmann, Early Group VIII, 14b (dies a48/S8 – this coin); Woytek 418f–1; Strack 195β; Calicó 1120 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 456-7 var. (positions of vexillum and signum); BN 735; Adda 108 (same rev. die); Biaggi 544 (same dies); Mazzini 577 (same dies). Underlying luster. Good VF. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 42 (29 May 1997), lot 889; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 1471; J. Schulman (9 October 1933), lot 72; Joseph Laugier Collection (J. Schulman 114, 5 May 1913), lot 162 . Joseph Laugier (1828-1901) served as the curator of the Marseille Medal Cabinet and was a member of the Académie de Marseille (elected in 1872).

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Ex Sir Arthur J. Evans Collection – Pedigreed to 1934

171. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.29 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 114-116. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P • S • P • Q • R, Bonus Eventus, naked, standing left, holding patera in extended right hand and grain ears downward in left. RIC II 347 var. (bust type); Beckmann, Trajan, Group Da (dies d27/BE7 – this coin); Woytek 517f; Strack 227β; Calicó 1067; BMCRE 545-7; BN 80910; Adda 103; Biaggi 516. Some luster, small obverse die break. Good VF. ($5000) Ex Berk BBS 203 (18 January 2018), lot 28; Sir Arthur J. Evans Collection (Ars Classica XVII, 3 October 1934), lot 766.

172. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.02 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 20 February-circa autumn AD 116. IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM ΛVG GER DΛC PΛRTHICO, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / REG NA • AD SIGNATA, Trajan, bareheaded and in military dress, seated left on sella castrensis set on platform on right, holding out right hand; officer standing to left and right, the one on left holding spear; below, on the ground to left stand three kings, facing Trajan, the foremost holding out his right hand to receive a diadem. RIC II 367; Woytek 564f; Strack 250β; Calicó 1079; BMCRE –; BN –; Hunter 197; Adda –; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Light scratches on obverse, traces of deposits. Near VF. Rare. Missing from most major collections. ($3000) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory 46317; Auctiones AG 17 (7 June 1988), lot 592.

Rare Plotina Denarius

173. Plotina. Augusta, AD 105-123. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.28 g, 8h). Rome mint. Struck under Trajan, AD 112-114. PLOTINA AVG IMP TRAIANI, draped bust right, wearing hair bunched high in front and held in position by a double stephane, hair elaborately waved at back and falls down in a queue / CAES AVG GERMA DAC COS VI P P, Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on chair without back, holding palladium in extended right hand and transverse scepter in left. RIC II 730 (Trajan); Woytek 705–1 (Trajan); Strack 180 (Trajan); RSC 3; BMCRE 526-7 (Trajan); BN 679-81 (Trajan). Toned, hairlines, minor deposits on obverse. Near VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 1570 (hammer $1700).

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Diva Marciana Denarius

174. Diva Marciana. Died AD 112/4. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.42 g, 5h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. Struck under Trajan, September AD 112-117. DIVA AVGVSTA MARCIANA •, draped bust right, wearing stephane, in front of which her hair is built up in three tiers: the hair is massed at top and back of head in a coil / CONSEC RATIO, eagle standing right, head left, on bar (or scepter), with wings spread. RIC II 745 (Trajan); Woytek 715 (this coin referenced, same obv. die as illustration 2); Strack 199; RSC 8; BMCRE p. 125, note 652; BN –; Mazzini 8. Traces of deposits on obverse. VF. Rare. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 41 (19 March 1997), lot 1902; Aufhäuser 12 (1 October 1996), lot 538.

Rare Matidia Denarius

175. Matidia. Augusta, AD 112-119. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.26 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Trajan, September AD 112-117. MATIDIA AVG DIVAE MARCIANAE F, draped bust right, wearing double stephane upright on head, in front of which her hair is built up in two tiers: the hair is massed at top and back of head in a coil / PIETAS AVGVST, Matidia (as Pietas), draped, standing front, head left, placing hands on heads of two children, Sabina and Matidia, who stand on either side, raising hands to her. RIC II 759 (Trajan); Woytek 729; RSC 10; BMCRE 660-4 (Trajan); BN 913-4 (Trajan). Toned, some scratches under tone. Good VF. Rare. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 41 (19 March 1997), lot 1905.

Very Rare Dynastic Aureus of Hadrian and Divus Trajan – Pedigreed to 1910

176. Hadrian, with Divus Trajan. AD 117-138. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.17 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck August-December AD 117. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO OPT AVG G D PART, laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right, with exposed upper part of breastplate, wearing balteus / DIVO • TRAIANO • PATRI, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Divus Trajan right. RIC II.3 27 (same dies as illustration); Strack 9η; Calicó 1413 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 46 (same dies); Adda 164 (same dies); Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Toned, some marks on obverse, traces of deposits. Good VF. Very rare, only this coin in CoinArchives. ($7500) Ex Cederlind 131 (6 July 2004), lot 201; Münzen und Medaillen AG 93 (16 December 2003), lot 148; J. Hirsch XXIX (9 November 1910), lot 1025 (with its original holder).

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177. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.20 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 119-circa mid 120. IMP CAESAR TRAI AN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P COS III, Jupiter, naked, standing facing, cloak hanging from left shoulder, left knee slightly bent, holding thunderbolt downward in right hand and vertical scepter in left. RIC II.3 211; Strack 92γ1; Calicó 1301 var. (break in obv. legend); BMCRE 101 (same dies); Adda 145 var. (same); Biaggi 629 var. (same). Underlying luster, some faint hairlines. VF. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 1245; Rauch 56 (5 February 1996), lot 3224.

Metcalf Plate Coin – Ex Benz Collection – Pedigreed to 1970

178. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AR Cistophorus (26.5mm, 10.17 g, 6h). Bithynia mint. Struck circa AD 128-132. IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P, laureate head right / COM BIT across field, ROM S P AVG in entablature, tetrastyle temple on podium of three steps; within, male figure in military dress, standing right, holding vertical spear in right hand and Victory in extended left hand; globe in pediment; ornament on fastigium. RIC II 459b; Metcalf, Cistophori B6, 24c (O17/R23 – this coin, illustrated); RPC III 973; RSC 242; BMCRE 1097. Toned, minor deposits, graffiti on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C43115 (29 July 2000); Leo Benz Collection (Lanz 94, 22 November 1999), lot 478; Münzen und Medaillen AG 43 (12 November 1970), lot 347.

179. Antinoüs. Died AD 130. Æ Drachm (35.5mm, 26.56 g, 12h). Alexandria (Egypt) mint. Dated RY 21 of Hadrian (AD 136/7). [ANTIN]OOV HPωO[C], draped bust left, wearing hem-hem crown / Antinoüs (as Hermes), holding caduceus, on horseback right; L below horse’s belly, KA (date) to right. Cf. Köln 1281; Dattari (Savio) 2089 var. (placement of L on reverse); Blum 20; K&G 34a.5; RPC III 6228; Emmett 1346.21 (R3). Dark brown patina, edge split, obverse slightly double struck. VF. High-relief portrait, which is typical of the left-facing dies. ($2000) Ex Cornelius C. Vermeule III Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 50, 23 June 1999), lot 1154.

180. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.21 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 151-152. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XV •, laureate head left / COS IIII, Antoninus Pius, togate, standing left, holding globe in extended right hand and volumen in left. RIC III 206; Strack 2451/δ; Calicó 1518; BMCRE 772; Biaggi 713; Mazzini 305; Triton XX, lot 743 (same obv. die). Underlying luster. Choice VF. ($2000) Ex Freeman & Sear 9 (16 July 2003), lot 618.

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181. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (18mm, 6.91 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVA FAV STINA, veiled, diademed, and draped bust left / AVGV STA, Ceres, veiled and draped, standing left, holding out torch in right hand and vertical scepter in left. RIC III 356 (Pius); Beckmann dies df3/CA4; Strack 4691/b (Pius); Calicó 1765; BMCRE 398; Biaggi 812. Attractive red tone, a few minor marks. Near EF. Wonderful portrait. ($5000) Ex Forum Ancient Coins Inventory SH33181 (9 January 2011); Goldberg 44 (10 February 2008), lot 3704; Lanz 135 (21 May 2007), lot 745.

182. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.19 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 168. M ΛNTONINVS ΛVG ΛRM PΛRTH MΛX, laureate head right / TR P XXII • IMP V COS III, Aequitas, draped, seated left on low seat, holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC III 189; MIR 18, 165-2/30; Calicó 2005 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 465 (same rev. die as pl. 61, 19); Adda 297 var. (bust type); Biaggi 900 (same dies); Jameson 131 var. (bust type – same rev. die); Mazzini 898 (same dies). Attractive reddish tone, a few minor marks, small repair in field on obverse. Near EF. ($4000) Ex Hess-Divo 314 (4 May 2009), lot 1567 (hammer CHF 9000); Rauch 83 (14 November 2008), lot 276; Coin Galleries (2 August 2006), lot 104 (obverse scratch and contact mark since repaired); Stack’s (2 December 1997), lot 358; Numismatic Fine Arts XVI (2 December 1985), lot 468.

183 184 183. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.23 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, circa AD 161. FAVSTINΛ ΛVGVSTΛ, draped bust left, hair waved and fastened in bun on back of head / DIΛNΛ LVCIF, Diana Lucifera, wearing crescent on head, draped, standing left, holding transverse, lighted torch in both hands. RIC III 673 (Aurelius; same dies as illustration); MIR 18, 7-2/20a; Calicó 2051 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 86 (Aurelius and Verus; same dies); Adda 314 (same dies); Biaggi 926 (same dies); Mazzini 84. Light scratches and marks. VF. ($3000) 184. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.26  g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 164. • L • VERVS ΛVG ΛRMENIΛCVS, bare head right / TR P IIII • IMP II COS II, Victory, winged, naked to waist, standing right, setting round shield inscribed VIC/ΛVG in two lines on palm tree. RIC III 522 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 94-12/10 (same obv. die as illustration); Calicó 2174 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 294 (Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus; same obv. die); Adda 345 (same obv. die); Biaggi 961 (same obv. die); Jameson 142 var. (bust type); Mazzini 248 (same obv. die); Künker 304, lot 1200 (same rev. die). Toned. VF. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 61 (25 September 2002), lot 1822.

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185. Lucilla. Augusta, AD 164-182. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.14 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-162. LVCILLΛE ΛVG ΛNTONINI ΛVG F, draped bust right, hair waved and knotted low at back in chignon / VOTΛ/ PVBLI/CΛ in three lines within laurel wreath. RIC III 790 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 22-2(a); Calicó 2219b; BMCRE 328 (Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus); Adda 360; Biaggi 980 (same dies); Mazzini 97. Toned, scattered marks and scratches, edge smoothing. VF. ($4000) Ex Holyland Numismatics Inventory 001162; Archer M. Huntington Collection (HSA 1001.1.30115, Part I, Numismatica Ars Classica 67, 17 October 2012), lot 359.

Very Rare Saecular Games Aureus – Pedigreed to 1951

186. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AV Aureus (19mm, 6.96 g, 5h). Ludi Saeculares (Secular Games) issue. Rome mint. Struck AD 204. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / COS LVDOS SAECVL FEC, Liber on left, naked except for leopard skin, standing right, holding cup downward in right hand and vertical thyrsus in left; on left, leopard standing left, head turned right, to catch drops from cup; facing him, on right, Hercules, naked, standing left, holding club resting on ground in right, lion skin over left arm. RIC IV 74b; Calicó 2668; BMCRE p. 207, note 275A; Adda 416 (same obv. die); Biaggi 1174; Jameson –; Mazzini –; J. Hirsch XXIX (9 November 1910), lot 1163 (same obv. die). Matte surfaces, brushed/hairlines. VF. Very rare, only three in CoinArchives, and neither the British Museum nor the Bibliothèque Nationalee possess an example. ($5000) Ex Berk BBS 167 (3 December 2009), lot 21; A. Hess 257 (12 November 1986), lot 370; Münzen und Medaillen AG X (22 June 1951), lot 72. The Ludi Saeculares were celebrated at the close of every saeculum (a length of time corresponding to the maximum age an individual might live, usually defined as 100 or 110 years). This issue, struck in AD 204, celebrated the seventh Ludi Saeculares in Roman coinage 220 years after the Augustan celebration.

187. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 5.90 g, 7h). Rome mint. 11th emission, AD 230. IMP SEV ALE XAND AVG, laureate bust right, slight drapery / P M TR P VIIII CO S III P P, Severus Alexander, as Romulus, in military dress, advancing right, holding transverse spear in right hand and trophy over left shoulder in left. RIC IV 103; Calicó 3121 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 620; Biaggi 1330 (same dies). Lustrous, traces of deposits. Choice EF. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 72 (3 September 2003), lot 106.

188. Gordian III. AD 238-244. AV Aureus (21.5mm, 4.98 g, 6h). Rome mint, 3rd officina. 8th-11th emissions, late AD 240-early 243. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / LAETITA AVG N, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in left hand and anchor in right. RIC IV 101; Calicó 3202a; Biaggi 1359; Mazzini 119 var. (leaning on anchor instead of holding anchor). Lustrous, a few minor marks. EF. ($4000) Ex Gemini XIII (6 April 2017), lot 208.

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Ex Franz Trau Collection – Pedigreed to 1935

189. Licinius I. AD 308-324. AV Solidus (17mm, 4.28 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 312. LICINI VS P F AVG, laureate head right / VICTORIA CON S TANTINI AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left; to left, captive seated left, head right, hands tied behind; PR. RIC VI 285c (this coin referenced); Depeyrot 17/11 (this coin referenced); Adda –; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Scratch on obverse. VF. Bold portrait. Very rare. ($3000) Ex VAuctions 232 (20 August 2009), lot 59 (hammer $4100); Franz Trau Collection (Gilhofer & Ranschburg, 22 May 1935), lot 3778.

Nimbate Emperor

190. Constans. AD 337-350. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.37 g, 12h). Siscia mint. Struck AD 337-340. FL IVL CONS TANS P F AVG, laureal and rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / FELICI TAS PE RPETVA, Constantine II enthroned, nimbate, facing, his right hand raised in benediction and his footstool inscribed VOT•V; on either side, Constantius II and Constans, diademed, seated facing, their heads turned toward Constantine II and in the right hand of each is a mappa; SIS*. RIC VIII 18A; Depeyrot 4/1; cf. Biaggi 2102. A few marks and scratches, traces of deposits. VF. Very rare. One of three examples in CoinArchives. ($5000) Ex Rauch 77 (10 April 2006), lot 674 (hammer €5400). The central figure of Constantine II on the reverse is shown with his head surrounded by a nimbus or halo, a symbol of divine power originally associated with the sun god Sol. Here it is used to indicate the elevated status of Constantine II as Maximus Augustus in the triumvirate of imperial rulers. Antoninus Pius was the first emperor to have nimbate appear on coins, but the symbol was seen only rarely on coins of subsequent rulers until the time of the Tetrarchy, when Diocletian and his colleagues freely used the nimbus to signify their semi-divine authority. This continued under Constantine I and his sons, when it also became associated with Christianity. Constantine II also has his hand raised in benediction, helping to illustrate the both his piety and divine endorsement. Emperors continued to sport the nimbus into the early Byzantine era (see lots 194, 207 and 212), but after Phocas it was reserved explicitly for Christ, the Virgin Mary and the saints.

191. Constantius II. AD 337-361. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 4.45 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. Struck AD 355-357. FL IVL CONST ANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear in right hand over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif / GLORIA REI PVBLICAE, Roma, holding spear in left hand, and Constantinopolis, holding scepter in left hand, right foot on prow, enthroned facing, holding between them a shield inscribed VOT/ XXX/ MVLT/ XXXX in four lines; RSMQ (palm). RIC VIII 293 var. (stars on shield); Depeyrot 14/1; Biaggi 2143 var. (same); Mazzini 117/b var. (officina). Lustrous, light scratches. Good VF. ($500) Ex Marc Poncin Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 72, 14 June 2006), lot 1794.

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Extremely Rare Two Solidi Medallion

192. Constantius II. AD 337-361. AV Medallion of 2 Solidi (29mm, 9.73, with bezel g, 6h). Antioch mint. Struck AD 353-354. FL IVL CONSTAN TIVS PERP AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left / GLORIA R OMANORVM, Roma seated facing and Constantinopolis seated half-left with right foot on prow, each holding Victory on globe in right hand and scepter in left; SMANT. Gnecchi 18 var. (•SMANT•); RIC VIII 72; Depeyrot p. 297; Grueber –; Froehner –; Tocci –; Dressel 234 note = J. Friedlaender & A. von Sallet, Das königliche Münzkabinet II (Berlin, 1877), p. 12 = L. Berger, Thesaurus Brandenburgicus Selectus II (Berlin, 1696-1701), p. 817; Toynbee pl. XXXVII, 3; Cohen 131 var. (•SMANT•). Scattered marks and scratches, in original gold mount. VF. Extremely rare, only two examples published, both in museum collections (Berlin and Oxford [ill. in Toynbee]). ($7500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 84 (5 May 2010), lot 1541 (hammer $12,000); Markov 7 (29 September 1999), lot 211. RIC 72 erroneously cross references to Gnecchi 18 and Cohen 131, but these refer to the type with pellets flanking the mintmark (RIC 161). Depeyrot lists only two examples in his 1996 work on Roman gold coins, but only cites the Oxford specimen. The other coin must be the piece in the Königliche Münzkabinet in Berlin. Beginning in AD 350, the western portion of the Roman Empire underwent a period of rebellion and usurpation. Magnentius, a member of the Roman bureaucracy, taking advantage of the troubles of Constantius II with Persia, revolted and murdered Constans, the western emperor. Unable to go west and subdue Magnentius, Constantius II apparently allowed for two “legal” usurpations to occur: those of Nepotian in Rome, and Vetranio in Siscia. The lack of long-term success in both cases prompted Constantius II to appoint his cousin Gallus as Caesar. While Gallus held down the east, Constantius II would then head west to put down the rebellion and restore order. Although Gallus proved to be a difficult subordinate, his presence afforded Constantius II valuable time to quell the disturbance. The death of Magnentius in AD 353 effectively ended the revolt. Not to be outdone by his senior, Gallus, beginning in AD 353, prepared for a war against Persia. The conclusion of the revolt of Magnentius was the occasion for the minting of these very rare commemorative medallions. The presence of Rome sitting side-by-side with Constantinople suggests a reunion of the heretofore disjoined parts, and the use of this type on coins of both Constantius and Gallus reflects a restoration of the government to that before Magnentius’ revolt. Such a restoration, however, was short-lived. By AD 354, Gallus had become such a liability that he was executed on imperial orders.

193. Valentinian I. AD 364-375. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Siscia mint. Struck January AD 365. D N VALENTINI ANVS P F AVG, consular bust left, wearing pearl-diadem and imperial mantle, holding mappa in right hand and scepter in left / SALVS REIP, Valentinian I standing facing, head right, holding labarum in right hand and Victory on globe in left, with foot on bound captive kneeling left with head right; –|*//SMSISC(palm). RIC IX 1a; Depeyrot 27/1; Biaggi –. Minor marks. Good VF. Very rare. ($1000)

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Attractive Consular Solidus

194. Valentinian I. AD 364-375. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck AD 368. D N VALENTINI ANVS P F AVG, consular bust left, wearing pearl-diadem and imperial mantle, holding mappa in right hand and scepter in left / VOTA PV BLICA, Valentinian and Valens seated facing, both nimbate, holding a mappa in raised right hand, and scepter in left; bound captive to left and right; ✳CONSե. RIC IX 29(a); Depeyrot 22/1; DOC 190; Biaggi 2244; Mazzini 68. Lustrous. EF. Exceptional. ($5000) Ex Mark Poncin Collection (Triton X, 8 January 2007), lot 801; William H. Williams Collection (Triton VI, 14 January 2003), lot 1111; Numismatic Fine Arts XXII (1 June 1989), lot 150.

195 196 195. Gratian. AD 367-383. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.51 g, 6h). Treveri (Trier) mint, 2nd officina. Struck mid AD 373-April 375. D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTOR IA AVGG, Valentinian I and Gratian enthroned facing, holding globe between them; Victory above throne, with wings spread; palm frond between legs; TROBS. RIC IX 17g.4; Depeyrot 43/3; DOC 235; Mazzini 38 v./b var. (officina). Bright surfaces, a couple of die breaks on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Glenn W. Woods Inventory 07658; Lanz 120 (18 May 2004), lot 595.

196. Gratian. AD 367-383. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck AD 383. D N GRATIA NVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDI A AVGGGG, Constantinopolis, helmeted, seated facing, head right, on throne ornamented with lions’ heads, right foot on prow, holding vertical scepter in right hand and globe in left; Z//CONOB. RIC IX 46b.3; Depeyrot 38/3; Biaggi –; CNG E-366, lot 904 (same obv. die). Lustrous. EF. ($500) Ex Edward J. Waddell Inventory C40767.

197 198 199 197. Valentinian II. AD 375-392. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 12h). Treveri (Trier) mint, 3rd officina. Struck AD 376mid 377. D N VALENTINIANVS IVN P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTOR IA AVGG, Valentinian II and Gratian enthroned facing, holding a globe between them; Victory above throne, with wings spread; palm frond between legs; TROBT. RIC IX 39e.3; Depeyrot 45/3; Biaggi 2292 var. (officina); Mazzini 36 v./a. A few scratches. VF. ($1000) Ex Holyland Numismatics Inventory 001159; Archer M. Huntington Collection (HSA 1001.1.30128, Part I, Numismatica Ars Classica 67, 17 October 2012), lot 384.

198. Theodosius I. AD 379-395. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Struck August-September AD 380. D N THEODO SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTOR IA AVGG•, Theodosius I and Gratian enthroned facing, holding a globe between them; Victory above throne, with wings spread; palm frond between legs; THCOB. RIC IX 34g; Depeyrot 37/1 and pl. 21 (same obv. die). Toned, “A” graffito in exergue of reverse. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Marc Poncin Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 72, 14 June 2006), lot 1863; Leu 77 (11 May 2000), lot 712.

199. Arcadius. AD 383-408. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.23 g, 12h). Constantinople mint, 4th officina. Struck AD 388-392. D N ARCADI VS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDI A AVGGG, Constantinopolis, helmeted, enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, holding vertical spear in right hand and shield inscribed VOT/ V/ MVL/ X in four lines in left; Δ//CONOB. RIC IX 70c.2 var. (bust type); Depeyrot 48/3. Faint hairlines, traces of deposits. Good VF. ($500) Ex Marc Poncin Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 72, 14 June 2006), lot 1877; Classical Numismatic Group 66 (19 May 2004), lot 1648.

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200. Aelia Eudoxia. Augusta, AD 400-404. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.32 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck under Arcadius, circa AD 400-401. AEL EVDO XIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right; Manus Dei above / SALVS REI PVBLICAE, Victory seated right on cuirass, with right hand inscribing Chi-rho on shield set on column; CONOB. RIC X 15; Depeyrot 55/4; DOCLR 273 var. (shield to left of cuirass). Underlying luster, some faint hairlines. Good VF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Glenn W. Woods Inventory 00252; Gorny & Mosch 107 (2 April 2001), lot 615.

201. Magnus Maximus. AD 383-388. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.27 g, 12h). Treveri (Trier) mint. Struck AD 385-386. D N MAG MA XIMVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTOR IA AVGG, Theodosius I and Valentinian II enthroned facing, holding a globe between them; Victory above throne, with wings spread; palm frond between legs; TROB. RIC IX 77b; Depeyrot 52/1; Biaggi 2311; Mazzini 9 v./a. A few marks, flan flaw and minor deposits on reverse. VF. ($3000) Ex Berk BBS 101 (24 March 1998), lot 14.

Alföldi Plate Coin – Pedigreed to 1898

202. Contorniates. Late 4th century AD. Æ Contorniate (37mm, 22.37 g, 6h). In the name of Trajan. IMP CAES NERVAE TRAINO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V PP, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left; palm frond to left / ANNON A AVGVSTA CERES, SC in exergue, Annona standing right, right hand on hip, offering cornucopia in left to Ceres seated left, who extends right hand to receive cornucopia and holding reed in left; altar between them. Alföldi, Kontorniat, 244.11 (this coin). Green patina, areas of earthen encrustation. VF. ($2000) Ex John F. Sullivan Collection (CNG Inventory 765857 [August 2006]); Garth R. Drewry Collection (Triton VIII, 11 January 2004), lot 1272; Frederick S. Knobloch Collection (Stack’s 1-3 May, 1980), lot 1402; Seaby Coin and Medal Bulletin (May 1965), lot A467; A. Hess (28 November 1912), lot 598; Consul Eduard Friedrich Weber Collection (J. Hirsch XXIV, 10 May 1909), lot 2926; Robert Collection (Sambon 1898), lot 1285.

203. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Tricennalia issue. Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck AD 430-440. D N THEODO SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear in right hand over right shoulder and shield in left / VOT XXX MVLT XXXX, Constantinopolis, helmeted, seated left on throne, left foot on prow, holding globus cruciger in right hand and scepter in left; shield to right side of throne; star to right; Є//CONOB. RIC X 257; Depeyrot 81/1; DOCLR 381. Superb EF. ($500) Ex CNG inventory 94540 (November 1996).

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204. Aelia Eudocia. Augusta, AD 423-460. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Tricennalia issue. Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Struck under Theodosius II, AD 430-440. AEL EVDO CIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right; manus Dei holding nimbus above / VOT XXX MVLT XXXX, Victory standing left, holding long jewelled cross in right hand; star high in left field; Γ//CONOB. RIC X 256 (unlisted officina); Depeyrot 82/1 (unlisted officina); DOCLR 456 (unlisted officina. Lustrous, faint hairlines, a few minor die breaks. Near EF. Rare. ($2000) Ex Marc Poncin Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 72, 14 June 2006), lot 1906; Gorny & Mosch 133 (11 October 2004), lot 559.

205 206 205. Valentinian III. AD 425-455. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Ravenna mint. Struck AD 426-430. D N PLA VALENTI NIANVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORI A AVGGG, Valentinian, foot on human-headed serpent, standing facing, holding long cross in right hand and Victory on globe in left; R|V//COMOB. RIC X 2010; Ranieri 95; Depeyrot 17/1; DOCLR 841-3. Good VF. ($1000) Purchased from Amphora (David Hendin), 15 January 2006.

206. Marcian. AD 450-457. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck AD 450. D N MARCIA NVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear in right hand over right shoulder and shield in left / VICTORI A AVGGG, Victory standing left, holding long jeweled cross in right hand; star to right; Z//CONOB. RIC X 510; Depeyrot 87/1; DOCLR 481. Lustrous, a shallow graffito and minor die break on obverse, a few minor scratches. EF. ($500) Ex Freeman & Sear Inventory B0281.

Very Rare Leo I, with Leo II as Caesar Solidus

207. Leo I, with Leo II as Caesar. AD 457-474. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck October AD 473-January 474. D N LEO PE RPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear in right hand over right shoulder and shield in left / SALVS REI PVBLICAE C, Leo I and Leo II, nimbate, enthroned facing; star above cross between them, the throne with back and curved sides; CONOB. RIC X 638; Depeyrot 92/1; DOCLR 533. Lustrous. Near EF. Very rare. ($2000) Ex Glenn W. Woods Collection (Triton VII, 13 January 2004), lot 1064; Berk BBS 108 (12 May 1999), lot 16. The “C” at the end of the legend on reverse stands for “Caesar”, the title conferred on Leo II.

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208. Anthemius. AD 467-472. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Rome mint. D N ANTHE MIVS P F AVG, pearldiademed, helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear in right hand over right shoulder and shield slung over left shoulder / SALVS R EIP VBLICAE, Anthemius and Leo I standing facing, each wearing military outfit and holding spear, holding globus cruciger between them; (ROMA) monogram/•//COMOB. RIC X 2831; Lacam class III/2, 41-7; Depeyrot 65/2. Toned, deposits. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) Ex Marc Poncin Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 146, 23 August 2006), lot 322.

Rare Basiliscus and Marcus Solidus

209. Basiliscus & Marcus. AD 475-476. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. D N bASILISCI Eτ MARC P AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear in right hand over right shoulder and shield in left / SALVS REI PVBLICAE, Basiliscus and Marcus, nimbate, enthroned facing; star above cross between them; Є//CONOB. RIC X 1022; Depeyrot 104/1; DOCLR 623 corr. (photo is of 624). A few flan flaws. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex Freeman & Sear Inventory BO285.

210. Zeno. Second reign, AD 476-491. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.48 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck AD 477-491. D N ZENO PERP VAG (sic), pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear in right hand over right shoulder and shield in left / VICTORI A AVGGG, Victory standing left, holding long jeweled cross in right hand; star to right; Є//CONOB. RIC X 910 and 929; Depeyrot 108/1. Toned, a few shallow scratches, traces of deposits. Near EF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 61 (25 September 2002), lot 2159.

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BYZANTINE COINAGE

211. Justin I. 518-527. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 522-527. D N IVSTI NVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTORI A AVGGG, angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger, star to right; I//CONOB. DOC 2i; MIBE 3; SB 56. Lightly toned with underlying luster. Choice EF. ($500) Ex Jürgen K. Schmidt Collection (Triton V, 16 January 2002), lot 2252; “An Important Private Collection of Byzantine Coins” (Sotheby’s, 2 November 1998), lot 62.

212. Justin I & Justinian I. 527. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 4 April-1 August. D N IVSTIN ЄT IVSTINIAN P P AVG, Justin and Justinian, both nimbate, seated facing on throne with curved back and no crossbar, each holding scroll; CONOB / VICTORI A AVGGG, angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger; star to right; Z (over ς)//CONOB. DOC –; MIBE 3a; Metcalf, Joint, Group IIIa, 52a-b (dies C1/Z3); SB 115c. Lustrous, slight bend in flan. EF. Officina letter was recut over that of the 6th officina (ς). Extremely rare variety. ($3000) Purchased from Glenn W. Woods.

213

214

213. Justinian I. 527-565. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.33 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck 527-537. D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTORI A AVCCC, angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger, star to right; A// CONOB. DOC 3a; MIBE 5; SB 137. Deposits in devices, clipped. Good VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 145.

214. Justinian I. 527-565. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Ravenna mint, 7th officina. Struck 552-565. D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTORI A AVCCC, angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by starogram and globus cruciger; Z (over ς)// CONOB. DOC 333c; MIBE 375 = Monte Judica Hoard 68; Ranieri 322. Minor hairlines visible on reverse, reverse struck with clashed, slightly rusty die. EF. Officina letter was recut over that of the 6th officina (ς). ($1000) Purchased from Freeman & Sear. Ex Marc Poncin Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 72 , 14 June 2006), lot 1997.

215. Justin II. 565-578. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 567-578. D N I VSTI NVS P P AVC, Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, beardless, and holding globe surmounted by Victory and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTORI A AVCCC, Constantinopolis seated facing on throne, head right, holding spear and globus cruciger; Є//CONOB. DOC 4d; MIBE 4; SB 345. Lustrous, minor peripheral weakness. Superb EF. ($500) Ex Coin Galleries (12 April 2000), lot 25.

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217

216

216. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. AV Solidus (23mm, 4.50 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Struck 583-601. d N MAVRC TIb P P AVC, Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / VICTORI A AVCC, angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger, star to right; B//CONOB. DOC 5b; MIBE 6; SB 478. Lustrous. EF. A full weight example struck on a broad flan. ($400) Ex Coin Galleries (12 April 2000), lot 27.

217. Constans II. 641-668. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 4th officina. Struck 641-646. d N CONSτAN τINЧS P P S AV, crowned, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set upon three steps; ∆//CONOB. DOC 1d; MIB 3b; SB 938. Minor weak strike on reverse. EF. ($400) Ex CNG inventory 722888 (December 2000).

Apparently Unique

218. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.46 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 692695. IҺS CRISτOS RЄ]X RЄςNANτIsM, facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / D IЧSτINI ANЧ S SЄRЧ CҺRISτI, Justinian standing facing, holding cross potent on steps in right hand and akakia in left; I//CONOPA. DOC 8 (officina unlisted); MIB 9 (officina unlisted); SB 1249 (officina unlisted). Traces of deposits in devices, scratches. EF. Apparently unique mint/officina combination. ($4000) Ex CNG inventory 733391 (December 2002); Gorny & Mosch 117 (14 October 2002), lot 759.

Ex Hunt Collection

219. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Class II. Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck 687-692. D IVS†INIA NЧS PЄ AV, crowned and draped facing bust, wearing slight beard, holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; ς//CONOB. DOC 5e; MIB 6; SB 1246. Lustrous, reverse slightly off center with traces of deposits. Superb EF. ($1000) Ex Berk BBS 124 (3 January 2002), lot 50; William Herbert Hunt Collection (Sotheby’s, 5 December 1990), lot 445.

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220. Justinian II. Second reign, 705-711. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.45 g, 7`h). Constantinople mint. Struck circa 705. d N IhS ChS RЄX RЄςNANTIЧM, facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / d N IЧS TINIA NЧS MЧLTЧ[S AN´], crowned facing bust of Justinian, wearing loros, holding cross potent set on three steps in right hand, globus cruciger inscribed PA[X] in left. DOC 1; MIB 1; SB 1413. Light scratches, minor peripheral weakness. EF Excellent portraits. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXV (Summer / Fall 2000), no. 105; Giessener Münzhandlung 102 (24 May 2000), lot 638.

221. Leontius. 695-698. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. D LЄO N PЄ AV, crowned bust facing, wearing loros, holding mappa in right hand, globus cruciger in left / VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; Z// CONOB. DOC 1g.2; MIB 1; SB 1330. Toned, light hairlines on reverse, minute traces of die rust. EF. ($2000) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd. Ex Gorny & Mosch 207 (15 October 2012), lot 818.

222. Tiberius III (Apsimar). 698-705. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. D τIbЄRI ЧS PЄ AV, crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC 22c; MIB 26; SB 746. Lightly toned, underlying luster. Choice EF. ($750) Ex Berk BBS 122 (6 September 2001), lot 57.

223. Justinian II, with Tiberius. Second reign, 705-711. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. ∂ N IҺS CҺS RЄX RЄCNANTIЧM, facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / D N IЧSTINIAN ЧS ЄT TIЬЄRIЧS PP A `, crowned facing busts of Justinian, wearing slight beard and chlamys, and Tiberius, wearing chlamys; holding between them cross potent set on two steps. DOC 2b; MIB 2b; SB 1415. Light toning in devices, traces of deposits, small peripheral die break on obverse. EF. Excellent portraits. ($2000) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd.

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224. Philippicus (Bardanes). 711-713. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. D N FILЄPICЧS MЧL TЧS AN, crowned facing bust, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger and eagle-tipped scepter / VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC 1j; MIB 1; SB 1447. Light toning, underlying luster, scratches on reverse. EF. ($1500) Ex CNG inventory 722930 (December 2000).

225. Anastasius II Artemius. 713-715. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.33 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. d N APTЄMIЧ S A NASTASIЧS MЧLΛ, crowned bust facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia / VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. Füeg 2.K.3 (this coin); DOC 2i; MIB 1a; SB 1463. Lightly toned, underlying luster, scratches. Superb EF. ($2000) Ex CNG inventory 850202 (August [ANA] 2009); Christov Family Collection (Goldberg 53, 24 May 2009), lot 2196; Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 1313.

226

227

226. Leo III the “Isaurian”, with Constantine V. 717-741. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck 25 March 720-721. ∂ N LЄO N PAMЧL, crowned and draped facing bust of Leo, holding globus cruciger and akakia / ∂ N CONSτ ANτINЧS M, crowned and draped bust of Constantine facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia; ς at end of legend. DOC 3 var. (officina); Füeg 3.G (this coin illustrated); SB 1504. Underlying luster. Near EF. ($500) Ex Berk BBS 122 (6 September 2001), lot 64. The pedigree of our coin, illustrated in the Berk sale and subsequently copied by Füeg to illustrate his catalog, is made uncertain by the original photographic issues, including clipping, of the image, for the Berk sale. That our coin is both the Berk and Füeg coin is confirmed by the presence of the collector’s paperwork.

227. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Class II. Constantinople mint. Struck 764-773. COnSτAnτInOS S LЄOn O nЄOS, crowned and draped busts of Constantine V and Leo IV facing; cross above, • between / C LЄ ON PA ЧL, crowned bust of Leo III facing, wearing loros, holding cross potent. DOC 2f.3; Füeg 5.A.2; SB 1551. Toned, deposits in devices. Good VF. ($1000) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd.

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228. Constantine VI & Irene, with Leo III, Constantine V, and Leo IV. 780-797. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Struck 790-792. COnSτ AτInOS C’ B’ D.’, Constantine V, Leo III, and Leo IV seated facing, each crowned and draped / SIRInI ΛVΓ’ τIm τR, crowned facing busts of Constantine VI, draped and holding globus cruciger, and Irene, wearing loros and holding globus cruciger and cruciform scepter; cross above, • between. DOC 1; Füeg – (C.2.7corr./Ir.2.– [unlisted rev. die]); SB 1593. Deposits in devices, die break on reverse, struck with worn dies. Good VF. ($2000) Purchased from Edward J. Waddell, Ltd.

229. Irene. 797-802. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. ЄIPIҺH ЬASILISSH, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left / • ЄIPIҺH ЬASILISSH, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left; q at end of legend. Berk 236 (this coin); cf. DOC 1a.2-5; Füeg 1.C.1 and note; SB 1599. Minor scrape on nose of obverse. Good VF. ($3000) Ex Berk BBS 122 (6 September 2001), lot 71.

230

231

230. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 803-811. hICI FOROS bASILЄ´, crowned bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia; pellet at beginning of legend / SτAVRA CIS ∂ЄSPO´, crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; Є at end of legend. DOC 2a; Füeg 2.B.2; SB 1604. Toned, light marks. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Heritage (30 July 2002), lot 11639.

231. Theophilus, with Constantine and Michael III. 829-842. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.27 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 831-842. ΘЄOFI LOS bASILЄ, crowned facing bust of Theophilus, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross and akakia; ᚮ at beginning of legend, Θ at end / Ⴘ mIXAHL S COhSτAhτIh´, crowned facing busts of Michael and Constantine, each wearing chlamys; cross above. DOC 3e; Füeg 3.H.2.z; SB 1653. Lightly toned, some marks and die rust. Good VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 9 (7 August 2000), lot 60176.

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232. Basil I the Macedonian, with Constantine. 867-886. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.34 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 871- 29 August 886. + IHS XPS RЄX REςNANTIЧM, Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; ᚮ at end of legend / bASILOS ЄT COhSτAhτ´ AЧςς´b´, crowned facing busts of Basil, wearing loros, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 2c; Füeg 3.C.1; SB 1704. Toned. EF. ($500) Ex Heritage (30 July 2002), lot 11645.

233. Nicephorus II Phocas. 963-969. AV Histamenon Nomisma (19mm, 4.346 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 967969. + IhS XIS RЄX RЄCNΛNTIhm (sic), facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; double pellets in bars of nimbus / + ΘЄOTOC bHΘ hICHF _ ꝹЄS, the Theotokos, M (with macron) Θ above shoulders, and Nicephorus, crowned and wearing loros, facing, holding patriarchal cross between; pellet on shaft. DOC 4; Füeg 3.C.11; SB 1778. Traces of deposits in devices, slight double strike on reverse, evidence of having been placed in a bezel. Near EF. ($750) Ex Freeman & Sear 10 (11 February 2004), lot 520.

234. John I Zimisces. 969-976. AV Histamenon Nomisma (21.5mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck circa 973976. + IhS XI RЄX RЄςNΛNTInm (sic), facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / + ΘЄOTOC ROHΘ´ Iω ∂ЄS, crowned facing bust of John, holding patriarchal cross, being crowned by the Theotokos, above, MΘ with macron manus Dei above John. DOC 3; Füeg 4.B; SB 1785. Light die rust. EF. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 334 (3 September 2014), lot 424.

235 236 235. Basil II Bulgaroktonos, with Constantine VIII. 976-1025. AV Histamenon Nomisma (20mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 989-1001. + IhS XIS RЄX RЄςNΛNTIhm, facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; bars of nimbus with pellets at outer ends / + bASIL, C COhSτAhτIIbRm, crowned half-length busts of Basil, wearing loros, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross crosslet between them. DOC 3h var. (pellet on shaft); Füeg 3.AA; SB 1797. Lightly toned, minor doubling on reverse. Near EF. ($750) Ex Berk BBS 165 (28 July 2009), lot 50; Berk BBS 35 (12 February 1985), lot 61.

236. Constantine VIII. 1025-1028. AV Histamenon Nomisma (24mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. + IhS XIS RЄX RЄςNΛNTIhm (sic), facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; upturned crescent in upper two quarters of nimbus / + CωhSτAhτIh bASILЄsS ROm, crowned facing bust of Constantine facing, wearing jeweled loros, holding labarum and akakia; no pellet on shaft. DOC 1.1; Füeg 1.A.6; SB 1815. Underlying luster, small die break in obverse legend, some die rust. Near EF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 111 (30 March 2005), lot 235.

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237. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AV Histamenon Nomisma (27.5mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1049-1053. + IhC XIC RЄX RЄGNΛNTIhm (sic), facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; upturned crescent in upper two quarters of nimbus / + CωhS τ AτhI hOS BAS Rm, crowned facing bust of Constantine, holding long cross and globus cruciger. DOC 3; Füeg II 3.A; SB 1830. Minor die rust, slight ghosting in obverse field. EF. ($500) Ex Berk BBS 137 (31 March 2004), lot 33.

238. Theodora Porphyrogenite. 1055-1056. PB Seal (37mm, 39.06 g, 12h). + ЄMMΛ NOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; across field, IC XC, each with macron above / + ΘЄOΔωPΛ ΛVΓ OVCTΛ H ПOPΦV, facing bust of Theodora, wearing ornate jeweled crown and jeweled loros, holding staff surmounted by cross set on tendrils, and raising hand in supplication. BLS I 82a. Tan and brown patina. Good VF. An impressive imperial seal. ($2000) Ex Gemini IV (8 January 2008), lot 541.

Church of Hagia Sophia

239. Ekdikoi of Hagia Sophia. 13th century. PB Seal (69mm, 149.25 g, 12h). IɄꟼINIANOC ΔЄС[П] down left field, ΘKЄ (with – above) ROHΘЄI up left , Justinian I and the Theotokos standing facing, holding between them a model of the Church of Hagia Sophia containing patriarchal cross; H/A ΓI/A above model, C/O/Φ/I/A below / +TOIC ΘЄO/CЄRЄCTA/ TOIC ΠPЄC/RVTЄPOIC/ KAI ЄKK[Λ]H/C ЄKΔIKH) in six lines; –– • –– below. BLS II 69c; cf. Zacos II 207 (for type). Brown patina, small dig on reverse. VF. An attractive example of a popular type. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 1409.

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EARLY MEDIEVAL COINAGE

240. OSTROGOTHS. Athalaric. 526-534. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.39 g, 6h). In the name of Justin I. Rome mint, 1st officina. Struck 526-527. D N IVSTI NVS P F AVC, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTOR I A AVCCC, Victory standing left on ground line with pellet at each end, holding jeweled long cross, eight-rayed star in left field; A//COMOB. COI 32; MIB 1, 24 (Theoderic and Athalaric); MEC 1, –. Toned, minor scrape on the reverse. VF. ($750) Ex Marc Poncin Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 72, 14 June 2006), lot 2222.

Rare Visigothic Imitation of Valentinian III Solidus

241. VISIGOTHS, Gaul. Pseudo-Imperial coinage. Late 5th century AD or slightly later. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Imitating a Ravenna mint solidus struck in the name of Valentinian III. Uncertain mint. D N PLA VALENTI NIANVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; above bust, pellet-in-crescent / VICTORI A AVGGG, Valentinian standing facing, holding long cross in right hand and Victory on globe in left, foot on head of human-headed coiled serpent; R-V//COMOB. Cf. RIC X 3712 (for obv., but without pellet-in-crescent); Depeyrot, Solidi 7; Depeyrot –; Ranieri 97 corr. (listed as official mint issue); DOCLR –; Biaggi –; MEC 1, –; G. Nascia FPL 1 (January 1966), no. 4 (same dies, but pelletin-crescent not struck up); Marc Poncin Collection (CNG 72, 14 June 2006), lot 2232 (example with “M” graffito in obverse field). Small edge split, struck with worn dies. EF. ($1000) Ex Ponterio 145 (11 January 2008), lot 99.

242. UNCERTAIN GERMANIC TRIBES, Pseudo-Imperial issues. Late 5th to mid 6th century AD. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Imitating a Constantinople mint solidus struck in the name of Anastasius I. Uncertain mint. D N ΛNΛSTΛ SIVS D F AVC (sic), pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTORI A AVCCC, Victory standing left on ground line, holding jeweled long cross, eight-rayed star in right field; Θ//CONOB. Cf. DOC (3h); cf. MIBE 4a; cf. SB 3 (all refs for official issue). Areas of weak strike at periphery, underlying luster, graffiti, and scratches. EF. ($750) Ex Glenn W. Woods Inv. 08420 (there misattributed to Theoderic).

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WORLD COINAGE An Extensive Offering of Papal Issues

243. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). John XXII. 1316-1334. AR Grosso – Carlin (24mm, 3.93 g, 2h). Ponte della Sorga (Pont-de-Sourges) mint. Struck 1317-1321. Ʊɭƌ=ĚS Ḧ P¨P¨ Ḧ ҞҞƱƱ ýɭȶĚS Ḧ ⎍ĚȺ¨SƱȺƱ , John seated facing, holding cross and raising right hand in benediction, on throne composed of two lions / ๘ ¨ŷƱȶ=Ḧ ˶ƱBƱ Ḧ ŷˊ¨=Ḧ ɭȶȺƱPɭ˶ĚȺS ($500) ĕĚ⎍S, cross fleurée. MIR 190; Muntoni 7; Berman 176; Duplessey, Féodales 1771. Toned, minor deposits. VF. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 722349 (November 2000).

244. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Anonymous issues. Late 14th-15th century. AV Ducato (20mm, 3.48 g, 12h). Copying the types of Venice. Rome mint. Struck in the name of the Roman Senate, circa 1389-1419. S ʖĚ˶ʼќS S/Ě/N / ⌃˶ɨʼ ი ќʼBዢS, St. Peter standing right, presenting banner to senator kneeling left; Moor’s head below / ʼɨɃ⌃ ი ý⌃ʖќ˶ ი ɃќNĕዢ S/ ʖ/ ʼ/ Շ ი , Christ standing facing, holding gospel in left hand and raising right in benediction, within mandorla containing nine stars. MIR 179/1; Muntoni 115; Berman 150; Friedberg 2. Good VF. ($500) Ex John Carlin Ryan Collection (Classical Numismatic Review XLIII.1 [Winter 2018]), no. 476244.

245.

ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Martin V. 1417-1431. AR Grosso – Carlino (23mm, 2.08 g, 6h). Avignon mint. throne 285/1; Muntoni 32; Berman 285; Duplessy, Feodales 1825. Toned. VF. ($500)

๘ ⍴²ˆ˶ƩNшS / ʖ / ʖ / ʠшƩN˶шS, Martin seated facing, holding cross and raising right hand in benediction, on composed of two lions / ๘ SªN˶шS Ḽ ʖĚ˶ˆшS Ḽ Ě˶ Ḽ ʖªшǭшS, crossed keys; crowned column above. MIR

Ex John Carlin Ryan Collection (Classical Numismatic Review XLIII.1 [Winter 2018]), no. 476244.

246. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Nicholas V. 1447-1455. AV Ducato papale (22mm, 3.53 g, 10h). Rome mint. / ม nƱæɭ⌦¥⎍S / ʖʖ ʠ⎍ƱnͿ⎍S /, coat-of-arms surmounted by Papal tiara; all within quadrilobe / / ม / S ʖeͿˊ⎍S ¥⌦Ƀ¥ ˊɭɃ¥ /, St. Peter standing facing, holding key in right hand and gospel in left; all within quadrilobe. MIR 329/2; Muntoni 4; Berman 326; Friedberg 5. Toned, minor deposits. Good VF.

($500)

Ex Artemide Aste FPL 4 (August 2009), no. 6548.

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247. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Paul II. 1464-1471. AV Ducato papale (21mm, 3.43 g, 2h). Rome mint. º · PAVLVS · PP · · SECVNDVS · º, coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara / º · ALMA ḥ ḥ ROMA · º, Veronica displaying the sudario. MIR 400; Muntoni 7; Berman 395; Friedberg 20. Good VF. ($3000) Purchased from Baldwin’s, September 2009.

248. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Paul II. 1464-1471. AV Ducato papale (23mm, 3.45 g, 12h). Rome mint. · PAVLVS ḥ · · ḥ SECVNDVS, coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara; all within quadrilobe / · S · PETRVS · · S · PAVLVS ·, St. Peter, holding key in right hand and gospel in left, and St. Paul, holding sword in right hand and gospel and left, standing facing; · ROMA · in exergue. MIR 404/1; Muntoni 16; Berman 401; Friedberg 19. Toned. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 860491 (December 2009); Lawrence R. Stack Collection (Hess-Divo 315, 28 October 2009), lot 1247.

249. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Sixtus IV. 1471-1484. AR Grosso (26mm, 3.73 g, 4h). Rome mint. º · SIXTVS · PP ḥ º º ḥ QVARTVS · º, coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara; all within quadrilobe / · S PAVLVS · º · S · º · PETRVS ·, St. Peter, holding key in right hand and gospel in left, and St. Paul, holding sword in right hand and gospel in left, standing facing; · ROMA in exergue. MIR 455/1; Muntoni 16; Berman 452. Toned. Good VF. ($500) Ex John Carlin Ryan Collection (Classical Numismatic Review XLIII.1 [Winter 2018]), no. 476247.

250. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Innocent VIII. 1484-1492. AV Ducato papale (21mm, 3.39 g, 10h). Rome mint. º INNOCEN TIV º PP º VIII º, coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara; all within quadrilobe / º SANCTVS º PETRVS º º ALMA º ROMA, St. Peter in boat left, pulling net from water with both hands. MIR 488/1; Muntoni 2; Berman 497; Friedberg –. Toned, slightly wavy flan. Good VF. ($750) Ex Artemide Asta XXVII (19 December 2009), lot 499.

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251. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Julius II. 1503-1513. AV Ducato papale (23mm, 3.44 g, 6h). Bologna mint. Struck 1508-1511. IVLIVS • II • PONT • MΛX, coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed key and Papal tiara; all within quadrilobe / BONO NI Λ • DOCET, St. Peter standing facing, holding key in right hand, gospel in left, between two coats-of-arms, the left surmounted by gallero. MIR 580/2; Muntoni 84 var. (no cymatium in left coat-of-arms); Berman 598 var. (same); CNI X 20; Friedberg 332. Lightly toned. Good VF. A very rare variety with the three-cornered cymatium in the left coat-of-arms. ($1000) Ex Triton XXII (8 January 2019), lot 1289; Numismatica Ars Classica 104 (16 December 2017), lot 481; M. Ratto (8 May 1953), lot 1089.

252. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Clement VII. 1523-1534. AV Fiorino di camera (23mm, 3.38 g, 10h). Rome mint. · CLEMEN · VII · PONT · MAX ·, coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara / + SANC · PETRVS · (FC monogram) · ALMA · ROMA, St. Peter in boat left, pulling net from water with both hands. MIR 787/2; Muntoni 16 var. (rev. legend); Berman 830; Friedberg 60. Lustrous. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 1609.

Dies by Cellini

253. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Clement VII. 1523-1534. AR Doppio carlino (28mm, 5.33 g, 10h). Rome mint; seigla crossed lion’s paws. Dies by Benvenuto Cellini. Struck 1529-1534. (leaf) CLEMENS · VII · PONT · MAX, bust left, wearing mantum and zucchetto / (crossed lion’s paws) QVARE DVBITASTI, Christ standing left, pulling St. Peter from water with right hand. MIR 809/1; Muntoni 43; Berman 841. Toned. Good VF. From dies of exceptional artistry and workmanship. ($750) Ex Triton XI (8 January 2009), lot 1490.

254. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Paul III. 1534-1549. AV Scudo d’oro (26mm, 3.40 g, 1h). Rome mint. Struck 1534-1540. · PAAVLVS · III · · PONT · MAX ·, coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara / S · PAVLVS · VA S ELECTIONIS (crossed lion’s paws), St. Paul standing facing, holding sword in right hand, gospel in left. MIR 868/3; Muntoni 23; Berman 905; Friedberg 65. VF. ($750) Ex Triton XVII (7 January 2014), lot 1260.

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255. ITALY, Papale (Stato della CittĂ del Vaticano). Pius XI. 1922-1939. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Rome mint. Dually dated RY 15 and 1936. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Christ standing facing, holding scepter and globus cruciger; at feet to right, child kneeling left, presenting crown. Jencius 8; Muntoni 3; Berman 3353; KM 10; Friedberg 285. In NGC encapsulation 2774615-004, graded MS 64. ($400) Purchased from Coin Kingdom, May 2012.

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Selections of Lot 256 256. ITALY, Papale (Stato della CittĂ del Vaticano). Pius XI. 1922-1939. Two (2) complete sets of nine (9) AV, AR, NI, and CU issues. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 8 and 1929. Includes two (2) of each: AV 100 Lire // AR 10 Lire // AR 5 Lire // NI 2 Lire // NI 1 Lire // NI 50 Centesimi // NI 20 Centesimi // CU 10 Centesimi // CU 5 Centesimi. Cf. Jencius S11 (for set without gold) and p. 178-179 (for cases); KM MS1. UNC. Two (2) complete sets of nine (9) coins each, for a total of eighteen (18) coins in lot). In original blue and burgundy cases. ($1000) Purchased from Numismatica Florentina, January 2011.

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258. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XI. 1922-1939. Set of nine (9) AV, AR, NI, and CU issues. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 15 and 1936. Includes: AV 100 Lire // AR 10 Lire // AR 5 Lire // NI 2 Lire // NI 1 Lire // NI 50 Centesimi // NI 20 Centesimi // CU 10 Centesimi // CU 5 Centesimi. Cf. Jencius S8 (for set without gold) and p. 202-3 (for cases); KM MS1. UNC. Nine (9) coins in lot. In contemporary unofficial blue case. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, September 2012.

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259. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). First series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 1 and 1939. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas seated facing, holding infant, two children at feet. Jencius 88; Muntoni 1; Berman 3373; KM 30.1; Friedberg 286. In ICG encapsulation 6960300101, graded MS 64. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2010.

260. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). First series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 2 and 1940. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas seated facing, holding infant, two children at feet. Jencius 89; Muntoni 1a; Berman 3373; KM 30.1; Friedberg 286. In NGC encapsulation 2191946-007, graded MS 64. ($400) Purchased from Jencius Coins, January 2011.

262 261 261. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Second series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 4 and 1942. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas seated facing, holding infant, two children at feet. Jencius 91; Muntoni 2; Berman 3386; KM 39; Friedberg 287. In NGC encapsulation 1317846-002, graded MS 64. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, March 2011.

262. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Second series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 5 and 1943. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas seated facing, holding infant, two children at feet. Jencius 94; Muntoni 2a; Berman 3386; KM 39; Friedberg 287. In NGC encapsulation 3393227-005, graded MS 64. ($500) Ex Stack’s Bowers & Ponterio 173 (8 January 2013), lot 2473.

263 264 263. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (21mm, 5.20 g, 6h). Second series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 4 and 1944. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas seated facing, holding infant, two children at feet. Jencius 93; Muntoni 2b; Berman 3386; KM 39; Friedberg 287. UNC. ($500) Ex Nomisma S.p.A. Auction 5 Online (2009), lot 604.

264. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Second series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 7 and 1945. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas seated facing, holding infant, two children at feet. Jencius 94; Muntoni 2c; Berman 3386; KM 39; Friedberg 287. In ICG encapsulation 2799720401, graded MS 64. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2010.

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265 266 265. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Second series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 8 and 1946. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas seated facing, holding infant, two children at feet. Jencius 95; Muntoni 2d; Berman 3386; KM 39; Friedberg 287. In NGC encapsulation 3393227-007, graded MS 65. ($500) Ex Stack’s Bowers & Ponterio 173 (8 January 2013), lot 2474.

266. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Second series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 11 and 1949. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas seated facing, holding infant, two children at feet. Jencius 98; Muntoni 2g; Berman 3386; KM 39; Friedberg 287. In NGC encapsulation 1974578-007, graded MS 65. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, September 2012.

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267. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. Set of nine (9) AV, AR, Stainless Steel, and Æ issues. First series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 3 and 1941. Includes: AV 100 Lire // AR 10 Lire // AR 5 Lire // Stainless Steel 2 Lire // Stainless Steel 1 Lire // Stainless Steel 50 Centesimi // Stainless Steel 20 Centesimi // Æ 10 Centesimi // Æ 5 Centesimi. Cf. Jencius S13 (for set without gold) and p. 184 (for case); KM MS25. UNC. The 100 Lire in ICG encapsulation graded MS 65. In post-1945(?) purple case with small clasp. Nine (9) coins in lot. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, January 2010.

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268. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. Set of five (5) AV and AL issues. Second series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 9 and 1947. Includes: AV 100 Lire // AL 10 Lire // AL 5 Lire // AL 2 Lire // AL 1 Lire. Cf. Jencius S19 (for set without gold) and p. 188-90 (for similar set in the ‘Cardinal case’); KM MS37. UNC. In original red ‘Cardinal’ case. Five (5) coins in set. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, December 2011.

269. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. Set of five (5) AV and AL issues. Second series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 10 and 1948. Includes: AV 100 Lire // AL 10 Lire // AL 5 Lire // AL 2 Lire // AL 1 Lire. Cf. Jencius S20 (for set without gold) and p. 185 (for set in original card; this set illustrated); KM MS40. UNC. Still in original card, and rare thus. Five (5) coins in set. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2010.

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270. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (21mm, 5.19 g, 6h). Holy Year issue. Rome mint. Dated 1950. Bust left, wearing tiara and mantum / Pius opening Holy Door in company of attendants. Jencius 99; Muntoni 3; Berman 3399; KM 48; Friedberg 289. UNC. ($300) Purchased from Jencius Coins, March 2019.

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272. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. Set of five (5) AV and AL issues. Holy Year issue. Rome mint. Dated 1950 (in Roman numerals). Includes: AV 100 Lire // AL 10 Lire // AL 5 Lire // AL 2 Lire // AL 1 Lire. Cf. Jencius S22 (for set without gold, cf. p. 188-90 for other date sets with ‘Cardinal case’); KM MS44. UNC. In original red ‘Cardinal’ case. Five (5) coins in set. ($400) 87


273. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Fourth series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 14 and 1952. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas standing facing, holding infant, child at feet. Jencius 101; Muntoni 4a; Berman 3404; KM 53.1; Friedberg 290. In ICG encapsulation 2799720201, graded MS 63. ($600) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2010.

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274. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20.5mm, 5.19 g, 6h). Fourth series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 15 and 1953. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas standing facing, holding infant, child at feet. Jencius 102; Muntoni 4b; Berman 3404; KM 53.1; Friedberg 290. Light orange and blue toning. UNC. ($600) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2010.

275. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20.5mm, 5.20 g, 6h). Fourth series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 16 and 1954. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas standing facing, holding infant, child at feet. Jencius 103; Muntoni 4c; Berman 3404; KM 53.1; Friedberg 290. Choice UNC. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 1653.

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276. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Fourth series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 17 and 1955. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas standing facing, holding infant, child at feet. Jencius 104; Muntoni 4d; Berman 3404; KM 53.1; Friedberg 290. In NGC encapsulation 1974578-010, graded MS 65. ($600) Purchased from Jencius Coins, September 2012.

277. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Fourth series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 18 and 1956. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas standing facing, holding infant, child at feet. Jencius 105; Muntoni 4e; Berman 3404; KM 53.1; Friedberg 290. In NGC encapsulation 2766681-011, graded MS 67. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, July 2011.

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278 279 278. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20.5mm, 5.21 g, 6h). Fourth series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 19 and 1957. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara. Jencius 106; Muntoni 5; Berman 3405; KM A53; Friedberg 291. A few minor marks. UNC. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2010.

279. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Fourth series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 13 and 1951. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Caritas standing facing, holding infant, child at feet. Jencius 100; Muntoni 4; Berman 3404; KM 53.1; Friedberg 290. In ICG encapsulation 2799720301, graded MS 63. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2010.

280. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV 100 Lire (20mm, 6h). Fourth series. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 20 and 1958. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara. Jencius 107; Muntoni 5a; Berman 3405; KM A53; Friedberg 291. In NGC encapsulation 3355361-001, graded MS 65. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2010.

281. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John XXIII. 1958-1963. Set of nine (9) AV, AR, NI, AL, and Æ issues. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 1 and 1959. Includes: AV 100 Lire // AR 500 Lire // NI 100 Lire // NI 50 Lire // Æ 20 Lire // AL 10 Lire // AL 5 Lire // AL 2 Lire // AL 1 Lire. Cf. Jencius S30 (for set without gold) and p. 187 (for similar set in official card); KM MS40. UNC. In original card, rare thus. Nine (9) coins in set. ($750) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2011.

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282. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Proof AV 100000 Lire (23mm, ~15 g, 6h). Rome mint. Dually dated RY 18 and 1996 R. Half-length bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto, kissing crucifix; Holy Door in background to right / Façade of Basilica S. Giovanni in Laterano. KM 357; Friedberg 426. Proof. With original case of issue and certificate. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2009.

283. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Proof AV 100000 Lire (23mm, ~15 g, 6h). Rome mint. Dually dated RY 19 and 1997 R. Half-length bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto, kissing crucifix; Holy Door in background to right / Façade of the Basilica San Paolo fuouri le Mura. KM 289; Friedberg 428. Proof. With original case of issue and certificate. ($500) Purchased 2013.

284 285 284. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Proof AV 100000 Lire (23mm, ~15 g, 6h). Rome mint. Dually dated RY 20 and 1998 R. Half-length bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto, kissing crucifix; Holy Door in background to right / Façade of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. KM 302; Friedberg 430. Proof. With original case of issue and certificate. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2009.

285. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Proof AV 100000 Lire (23mm, ~15 g, 6h). Rome mint. Dually dated RY 21 and 1999 R. Half-length bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto, kissing crucifix; Holy Door in background to right / Façade of the Basilica di San Pietro. KM 321; Friedberg 432. Proof. With original case of issue and certificate. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2009.

286. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Proof AV 100000 Lire (23mm, ~15 g, 6h). Holy Year issue. Rome mint. Dually dated RY 22 and 2000 R. Bust right, wearing mantum and zucchetto / Crucifixion scene with worshipers. KM 317; Friedberg 434. Proof. With original case of issue and certificate. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2009.

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287. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Proof set. Rome mint. Dated 2002 R. Includes: 2 Euro // Euro // 50 Cent // 20 Cent // 10 Cent // 5 Cent // 2 Cent // 1 Cent // AR Medal. By Floriano Bodini. Cf. KM PS15 (without silver medal). Proof. In original box and case of issues, with certificate. Eight (8) coins and one (1) medal in lot. ($500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, March 2011.

WORLD MEDALS

288. ISRAEL. 1948-pres. AV Medal (27mm, 15.03 g, 12h). Ten Years of Independence. Dated 1948 and 1958. IVDAEA CAPTA, Judaea seated right under palm tree in mourning, male captive standing right with hands bound behind back, arms around; SC in exergue; all within circle; chains and Hebrew legend in margins / ISRAEL LIBERATA, palm tree; to left, female figure standing right, holding sheaves of wheat; to right, male figure standing left, holding adz; Hebrew legend in exergue; all within circle; Hebrew legend and stars in margins. Edge: ISRAEL GOVERNMENT APPROVED ISSUE 1948-1958. Prooflike surfaces, a few faint marks. UNC. ($500) Purchased from Münzhandlung Ritter. The obverse type is derived from the ‘Judaea Capta’ sestertii of Vespasian.

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289 290 289. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Urban VIII. 1623-1644. AV Medal (41mm, 38.24 g, 12h). By Gaspare Mola. Dated RY 20 (AD 1643). VRBANVS • VIII • PONT • MAX • A • XX •, bust right, wearing mantum / PROPVGNACVLIS ADDITIS VRBI (With bastions added to the city), panoramic view of the Vatican fortifications incorporated into the Aurelian Wall, seen from the Villa Doria Pamphili grounds; all within wreathed border. Mazio var. (gate to left); Lincoln 1065 (for type in bronze). Light field marks, evidence of having been placed in a bezel. Superb EF. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 1395.

290. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Clement X. 1670-1676. AV Medal (32mm, 16.31 g, 12h). By G. Lucenti. Dually dated RY 1 and AD 1670 (in Roman numerals). CLEMENS X • PONT • MAX • A • I •, bust right, wearing mozetta and pallium; MDCLXX below / SPIRITVS • ORBIS • EIVS/ OMNIS VIRTVS EORVM over radiant dove with wings spread; below, six stars and earth. Mazio 295; Lincoln 1290 (for type in bronze). Scratches in the obverse field. Good VF. ($2500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 257 (8 June 2011), lot 647; Classical Numismatic Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 1396; Numismatica Ars Classica 37 (17 February 2007), lot 1012.

291. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Camillo Massimo. Cardinal, 1670-1677. Æ Medal (53mm, 41.89 g, 12h). By Giovan Battista Guglielmada. Dated 1678. CAMILL · S · R · E · P · C · MAXIMVS, bust left, wearing biretta and mozzetta / ASTRA · TENET, allegorical scene containing the Tiber reclining left, head turned upward, leaning upon overturned urn from which liquid flows and holding rudder; to right, she-wolf with the twins, Romulus and Remus, before altar surmounted by two books, wreath, and scientific instruments; above, zodiacal band containing the constellation Leo right; in exergue, ANT · DE · CAVA LERI/IS · D · D in two lines. Johnson 663. Attractive dark brown surfaces. EF. Original strike. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 862764 (January 2010). Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 53 (7 November 2009), lot 664.

292. ITALY, Papale (prigioniero del Vaticano). Leo XIII. 1878-1903. AV Medal (43mm, 54.10 g, 12h). By Bianchi. Dated RY 25 (AD 1903). LEO $ XIII $ PONT MAX $ AN $ XXV, bust left, wearing mantum and Papal tiara / ET $ SVPER $ HANC $ PETRAM $ AEDIFICABO $ EXXLESIAM $, St. Peter seated facing, holding key and book inscribed TV ES PETRVS; in exergue, MEAN. Mazio 856; cf. Rinaldi 96 (for reverse in silver). Scattered marks and scratches. EF. ($3000) Ex Artemide Aste XXXVI (11 July 2012), lot 857.

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293. ITALY, Papale (prigioniero del Vaticano). Benedict XV. 1914-1922. AV Medal (43mm, 58.57 g, 12h). By Bianchi. Dually dated RY 1 and 1914 (in Roman numerals). BENEDICTVS $ XV $ PONT $ MAX $ AN $ I, bust right, wearing mozetta and zucchetto / + SVMMVM $ SACERDOTIVM $ AVSPICATVS $ III $ NON $ SEPT $ A $ MDCCCCXIV, coat-ofarms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara; all within wreath. Mazio 874; Rinaldi 109 (for type in silver). Numerous scratches. Near EF. Rare. ($2000) Purchased March 2010.

294. ITALY, Papale (prigioniero del Vaticano). Pius XI. 1922-1939. AV Medal (44mm, 56.92 g, 12h). By Mistruzzi. Dually dated RY 3 and AD 1924 (in Roman numerals). PIVS $ XI $ PONT $ MAX $ ANNO $ III $, bust right, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and pallium / Façade of the new Università Gregoriana; above, GREGORIANVM/ ABHINC. C SOCIESV REST; in exergue, NOVA SEDE DONATVR/ MCMXXIV. Mazio 883; Rinaldi 118 (for type in silver). Hairlines. EF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Artemide Aste XXXVI (11 July 2012), lot 661.

295. ITALY, Papale (prigioniero del Vaticano). Pius XI. 1922-1939. AV Medal (44mm, 51.58 g, 12h). By Mistruzzi. Dually dated RY 5 and AD 1926 (in Roman numerals). PIVS $ XI $ PONT $ MAX $ ANNO $ V $, bust right, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and pallium / Personification of Archaeology seated facing, holding lamp and tablet; behind, the entrance to the Catacombe di Roma; in exergue, SCHOLA · ARCHAEOLOGIAE · CHRIST ·/ ROMAE · INSTITVTA/ MXMXXVI. Mazio 885; Rinaldi 120 (for type in silver). A few hairlines and light marks. EF. Rare. ($4000) Ex Artemide Aste XXXVI (11 July 2012), lot 662.

93


Two English Catholic Martyrs

296. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XI. 1922-1939. AV Medal (43mm, 63.30 g, 12h). By Mistruzzi. Dated RY 14 (AD 1936). PIVS · XI · PONTIFEX · MAXIMVS · ANNO · XIV, bust left, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and pallium / Facing busts of St. Sir Thomas More and St. John Fisher; in exergue, THOMAS · MORE · OAN · FISHER/ IV · A · MARTYRIO · SAECVLO/ SANCTI · RENVNCIATI/ XIV · KAL · IVN. Mazio 894; Rinaldi 129 (for type in silver). A few light marks. EF. In original case of issue. Rare. ($3000) Ex Artemide Aste XXXVII (8 December 2012), lot 429. The English philosopher Sir Thomas More and Cardinal John Fisher were both executed by Henry VIII in 1535 for upholding the doctrine of papal supremacy. They were beatified in 1886 under Leo XIII and canonized in 1935 under Pius XI. They share a feast day of 22 June.

297. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV Medal (44mm, 56.90 g, 12h). By Mistruzzi. Dually dated RY 1 and AD 1939 (in Roman numerals. PIVS · XII · PONTIFEX · MAXIMVS · A · I, bust left, wearing zucchetto and pallium / CHRISTIANO · POPVLO · RECTOR · ET · PAT ER DATVS · VI ·NON · MART · A · MCMXXIX, coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara. Mazio 898; Rinaldi 133 (for type in silver). Cameo effect, a few hairlines. Superb EF. Rare in gold. ($4000) Ex Artemide Aste XXXVI (11 July 2012), lot 668.

298. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV Medal (44mm, 60.54 g, 12h). Holy Year issue. By Mistruzzi. Dated 1950 (in Roman numerals). PIVS · XII · ROMANVS · PONTIFEX · MAXIMVS ·, bust left, wearing zucchetto and pallium / + EGO · SVM · OSTIVM · PER · ME · SI · QVIS · INTROIERIT · SALVABITVR, Holy Door; ANNO ·JVBI/ LAEI · MCML across field. Rinaldi 145 (for type in silver). Cameo effect, some hairlines. Superb EF. Rare in gold. ($4000) Ex Artemide Aste XXXVI (11 July 2012), lot 676.

94


299. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV Medal (40mm, 28.06 g, 6h). Holy Year issue. By R. Pullano. Dated 1950 (in Roman numerals). · PIVS · XII · PONT · MAX · AN · IVB · MCML ·, half-length figure of Pius enthroned left, wearing zucchetto and pallium and raising hand in benediction / · DOMVS · DEI · ET · PORTÆ · CŒLIE ·, Pius opening Holy Door in company of attendants. Edge: 18K. A few minor marks. EF. ($1000) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2010.

300

301

300. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV Medal (26mm, 7.89 g, 12h). Dated 1958. ORATE FRATRES · PAPST · PIUS XII ·, bust right, wearing mozzetta and zucchetto, hands clasped and head bowed in prayer / S · PETRI GLORIÆ AIXTUS · PP · VA · M · D · XV · PONTIF · V, façade of the Basilica di San Pietro; 1958 below. Edge: 0.900. Proof. ($300) Purchased from Jencius Coins, September 2012.

301. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Pius XII. 1939-1958. AV Medal (36mm, 15.92 g, 12h). Dated 1958. ORATE FRATRES · PAPST · PIUS XII ·, bust right, wearing mozzetta and zucchetto, hands clasped and head bowed in prayer / S · PETRI GLORIÆ AIXTUS · PP · VA · M · D · XV · PONTIF · V, façade of the Basilica di San Pietro; 1958 below. Edge: 0.900. Proof. ($600) Purchased from Jencius Coins, September 2012.

302 303 302. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John XXIII. 1958-1963. AV Medal (26mm, 7.96 g, 12h). Coronation. Struck by Koninklijke Begeer, Utrecht. Dated 4 November 1958. S · S · JOHANNES XXIII, bust right, wearing mozzetta and Papal tiara, hands clasped in prayer / · PONTIFEX · MAXIMVS · CORONATVS · 4 · XI · 1958, crowned coatof-arms over crossed keys surmounted by Papal tiara. Edge: 0.900. Proof. ($300) Ex Goldberg 53 (24 May 2009), lot 2707.

303. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John XXIII. 1958-1963. AV Medal (28mm, 12.00 g, 12h). 17th Olympiad – Rome. By Manzù. Struck by Landi e Trecchi, Milan. Dated 1960 (in Roman numerals). IOHANNES · XXIII · MCMLX, bust facing slightly left right, wearing mozzetta and zucchetto / Olive tree; OBOEDIEN TIA/ ET PAX across field. Stamped “900”. Matte surfaces, light marks, a few rim bumps. EF. ($750) Purchased from Jencius Coins, September 2012.

95


304. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John XXIII and Paul VI. 1958-1963 and 1963-1978. AV “5 Ducats” – Medal (35mm, 17.24 g, 12h). “Aureus Magnus” series. Struck for Werner Graul by the Vienna and Hamburg mints. Dually dated 1962 and 1963. CONCILIUM VATICANUM + IOH · XXIII · 1962 1963 OAYK VU · +, busts of John XXIII and Paul VI left, each wearing zucchetto and pallium; coat-of-arms / PROP PROSPERITATE MUNDI * AUREUS MAGNUS *, six-pointed cross fleurée with rosette at center, V/ DUCAT in rosette, tridents in angles; 980 below. KM (x) – (but cf. M91 for similar). Proof. ($750)

b

a

c

305. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John XXIII and Paul VI. 1958-1963 and 1963-1978. Lot of three (3) AV Medals. All obverses: * IOA NNES · XXIII · ET · PAVLVS · VI, busts of John XXIII and Paul VI left, wearing pallium and mitre. Includes: (27mm, 9.94 g, 12h). The Second Vatican Council. By R. SIgnorini. SESSIO SECUNDA CONCILII OECUMENICI VATICAN II; throne over legend VISUM/EST/ SPIRITUI/ SANCTO/ ET NOBIS, with Sts. Peter and Paul flanking; above, two cherubs in raidant clouds, holding Papal tiara // (23mm, 7.02 g, 12h). Extraordinary Jubilee Year. Dated 1966. JUBILAEUM EXTRAORDINARIUM; Holy Door in the Piazza San Pietro; below, A · D · MCMLXVI // (20mm, 4.99 g, 6h). Closing of the Second Vatican Council. COVNCILIO VATICANO II CLAUSO, Paul VI seated facing, raising hands; four cardinals kneeling before him. All in .750 gold. Proof. In original case of issue. Three (3) medals in lot. ($500)

306. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Sede Vacante. 1963. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Savellli. Dated 1963 (in Roman numerals). SEDE · VACANTE · MCMLXIII, crossed keys under parasol / BENEDICTVS · CARD · ALOISI · MASELLA · S · R · E · AMERARIVS, coat-of-arms surmounted by tassled gallero. All: 38mm diameters. AV Medal: 30.01 g, .750 gold // AR Medal: 26.83 g, .800 silver // Æ Medal. 25.43 g. Choice EF. In original case of issue. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500) Ex Artemide Aste XXXI (18 December 2010), lot 360.

96


307. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Sede Vacante. 1963. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Savellli. Dated 1963 (in Roman numerals). * IN · TENEBRIS · TAMEN · ABSQVE · TENEBRIS, coat-of-arms surmounted by tassled gallero / ~ SEDE · VACANTE · ANNO · DOMINI · MCMLXIII, FRIDERICVS/ GALLORI/ DI · VIGNALE/ CONCLAVIS/ GVBERNATOR over key. All: 32mm diameters. AV Medal: 22.37 g, .750 gold // AR Medal: 16.20 g, .800 silver // Æ Medal: 16.02 g. Choice EF. In original case of issue. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1000) Ex Artemide Aste XXXI (18 December 2010), lot 361.

308. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Paul VI. 1963-1978. AV Medal (44mm, 52.15 g, 12h). The Second Vatican Council. By Senesi, after Lello Scorzelli. Dated 1963 (in Roman numerals). · PAULUS VI PONT · MAX ·, bust left, wearing mitre and pallium / ALTERA SESSIO CONCILII OECUMENICI VATIC · II, Paul advancing through open door into crowded audience chamber; on groundline, A · D · MCMIXIII; in exergue, IN NOMINE DOMINI. 750 to lower right. EF. ($2000) Ex Artemide Aste 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1962.

309. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Paul VI. 1963-1978. AV Medal (44mm, 59.20 g, 12h). By Giampaoli. Dually dated RY 1 and 30 June 1963 (in Roman numerals). PAVLVS · VI · PONTIFEX · MAXIMVS, bust left, wearing pallium and zucchetto; ANNO · I beliow / + CORONA · AVREA · SVPER · CAPVT · EIVS, crossed keys surmounted by Papal tiara; radiant dove above; below, XXX · VI/ MCMLXIII. Prooflike surfaces, scattered marks and scratches. EF. ($2000)

97


310. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Paul VI. 1963-1978. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. Visit to the Holy Land. By Lorioli and Pirrone. Dated 4-6 January 1964. + PAVLVS · PP · VI + PEREGRINVS IN · TERRA · SANCTA +, Christ emerging from the tomb, holding cross with banner in left hand and raising right in benediction / + · CHRISTO · + · ECCLESIAM · + · OFFERT · + · 4 · 6 - 1 - 1964, Paul kneeling left, presenting model of church to infant Christ, standing right on the lap of Mary; Joseph and the Three Magi around. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 57.05 g, .750 gold // AR Medal: 41.61 g, .800 silver // Æ Medal: 34.39 g. Choice EF. In original case of issue. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1000) Purchased from Allen Berman, January 2012.

311. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Paul VI. 1963-1978. AV Medal (44mm, 66.30 g, 12h). Quadricentennial of Michaelangelo’s Pietà. By Giampaoli. Dually dated RY 2 and AD 1964 (in Roman numerals). PAVLVS · VI · PONTIFEX · MAXIMVS · ANNO · II, bust right, wearing pallium and zucchetto / IV · EXPLIETO · SAECVLO · A · MICAHELIS · ANGELI · BVONARROTI · EXITV/ DEIPARAE · VIRGINIS PERDOLENTIS · SIGNVM, Michaelangelo’s Pietà; on base, VATICANE · BAS ·/ MIRABILE · DECVS/ A · D · MCMLXIV. Rinaldi 159 (for type in silver). Cameo effect, light hairlines. Choice EF. ($2500) Purchased from February 2011.

98


312. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Paul VI. 1963-1978. AV Medal (35x46mm, 69.79 g, 12h). By Bodini. Dated RY VI (AD 1968/9). PAULUS · VI · PONT/ · MAX, bustfacing slightly right, wearing zucchetto and pallium; dove over cross to left; on shoulder, AN · VI / Priest standing facing, raising hand in benediction; to left, dove left and IN · FIDE/ VIVO; to right, fish right and FILII QUI · DILEXIT/ ME/ +; angel in lower half of priest’s garments. EF. With original case of issue. ($2000) Purchased from Jencius Coins, August 2012.

313. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Paul VI. 1963-1978. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. Holy Year issue. By Scorzelli. Dated 1975 (in Roman numerals). Sts. Peter and Paul embracing one another; ANNVS SANCTVS across fields; below, A PAULO VI P M INDICTUS / Tree; PAX VOBIS across fields; MCMLXXV in exergue. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 57.49 g, .750 gold // AR Medal: 42.79 g, .800 silver // Æ Medal: 36.19 g. Choice EF. In original case of issue. Three (3) medals in lot. ($3000) The gold medal ex Artemide Aste XXV (2 July 2009). lot 3058.

99


314. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul I. 1978. AV Medal (44mm, 50.13 g, 12h). By Giampaoli. Dated 26 August and 28 September 1978. IOANNES PAVLVS P · M ·, bust left, wearing pallium and zucchetto / HVMILITAS, coat-of-arms over crossed keys, surmounted by Papal tiara; below, 26 · VIII 28 · IX/ MCMLXXVIII. Small AU917 to right. Matte surfaces, stain on obverse. EF. With original case of issue. ($2000) Purchased from Jencius Coins, December 2019.

315. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Stanislaw Watrobska. Dated 1979. OJCIEC ŚIẸTY JAN PAWEŁ II, bust left, wearing pallium and zucchetto / PIELGRZYMKA DO POLSKI 1979 · GNIEZNO · CZESTOCHOWA · KRAKÓW ·, Our Lady of Czestochowa facing, holding infant Christ; St. Adalbert and St. Stanislaus to either side. All: 40mm. AV Medal: 40.17 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 27.25 g, .986 silver // Æ Medal: 26.52 g. Choice EF. In original red case of issue. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1000) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2009.

100


316. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Bertl. Dated RY 4 (AD 1982). IOANNES PAVLVS II PONT · MAX · ANNO IV, bust facing slightly right, wearing pallium and zucchetto / * ANNO MDC A CONC · CONST · I ET MDL · A CONC · EPHESIN · CELEBRATVS * E · CIVITATE VATICANA, Mary holding infant Christ before audience of cardinals; radiant dove above. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 52.02 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 39.85 g, .986 silver // Æ Medal: 39.87 g. Choice EF. With two (2) original cases and certificates for the silver and bronze, numbered 2091/6000 and 3358/8000, respectively. An additional contemporary case for the gold. Three (3) medals in lot. ($2000) Purchased from Topkapi Coins, June 2009. The gold medal ex Tkalec (7 May 2009), lot 314.

317. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Federico Severino. Dated RY 19 (AD 1997). IOANNES PAVLVS II PONT MAX ANNO XIX, bust facing slightly left, wearing pallium and mitre / Christ standing facing, holding cross and raising hand in benediction; below, CRUSTUS HERI HODIE ET SEMPER. Edge: E CIVITATE VATICANA 291/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 59.90 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 40.17 g, .986 silver // Æ Medal: 35.87 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 291/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2009.

101


318. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Otmar Oliva. Dated RY 20 (AD 1998). Bust left, wearing pallium and zucchetto; to left, JOANNES/ PAULUS/ II; below, PONT ◊ MAX ◊; above, ANNO XX / VENI SPIRITUS SANCTE, radiant dove over four crosses and ivy leaves. Edge: E CIVITATE VATICANA 222/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 59.56 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 40.22 g, .986 silver // Æ Medal: 36.63 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 222/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, November 2009.

319. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By L’udmila Cvengrošová. Dated RY 21 (AD 1999). PONT · MAX · A · XXI · , bust right, wearing pallium and mitre; to right, crucifix and coat-of-arms over crossed keys and Papal tiara; below, in script, Joannes Paulus II / CREATOR PATER NOSTER, the Holy Father among clouds, planets, and moon. Edge: E CIVITATE VATICANA 500/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 59.96 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 41.44 g, .986 silver // Æ Medal: 33.16 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 500/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2009.

102


320. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. Holy Year issue. By Emanuela Rocchi. Dated 2000 (in Roman numerals). IOANNES PAVLVS P P · II A · IVBILAEI MM, bust facing slightly left, wearing pallium and mitre, holding crucifix / Three-armed cross with four interlocking doves at center; CHRISTUS HERI SEMPER HODIE. Edge: E CIVITATE VATICANA 955/1800. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 60.62 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 40.16 g, .986 silver // Æ Medal: 37.14 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 955/1800. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, October 2009.

321. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Sede Vacante. 2005. AV Medal (40mm, 48.19 g, 12h). By Valerio de Seta and Anna Lisa Masini. Dated 2005 (in Roman numerals). SEDE · APOSTO LICA · VACANTE, crossed keys under parasol; MMV below / EDVARDVS · CARD · MARTINEZ · S · R · E · CAMERARIVS ·, coat-of-arms on long patriarchal cross surmounted by tasseled gallero; below, ribbon reading CARITAS ET VERITAS. Edge printed: E CIVITATE VATICANA 292/400. Choice EF. Struck in .917 gold. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 292/400. ($1500) Purchased from Jencius Coins, December 2009.

103


322. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Benedict XVI. 2005-2013. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Masani. Dually dated RY I and 19-24 May 2005 (in Roman numerals). BENEDICVTVS XVI P · M · ANNO I, half-length bust left, wearing pallium and mitre, holding crucifix / COOPERATORES · VERITATIS · 19-24 IV MMV, coat-of-arms over crossed key and Papal tiara. Edge: E CIVITATE VATICANA 572/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 60.25 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 39.92 g, .966 silver // Æ Medal: 34.39 g. The silver toning. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 572/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($2000)

323. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Benedict XVI. 2005-2013. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Veroi. Dated RY 3 (AD 2008). BENEDICVTVS XVI PONT · MAX · ANNO III, bust right, wearing cassock, pellegrina, and zucchetto / CHRISTVS PAX NOSTRA, Christ on the cross; male and female figures to either side witth hands clasped in prayer; at top of cross, ribbon reading IN RI. Edge: E CIVITATE VATICANA 027/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 60.24 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 39.87 g, .966 silver // Æ Medal: 41.84 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 027/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500) 104


324. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Benedict XVI. 2005-2013. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Daniela Fusco. Dated RY 4 (AD 2009). BENEDICTVS · XVI · PONT · MAX · ANNO IV, bust right, wearing pallum and zucchetto / Prow of ship under sail left on seas, with banner reading AVE MARIS STELLA; star to right, radiant cross above; to left, SPE/ SALVI/ FACTISVMVS within border. Edge printed: E CIVITATE VATICANA 489/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 59.87 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 39.81 g, .966 silver // Æ Medal: 34.00 g. The silver beginning to tone. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 489/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500)

325. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Benedict XVI. 2005-2013. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Demetrio Spina and Simona Weller. Dated RY 5 (AD 2010). DENEDICTUS XVI PONT MAX ANNO V, bust facing slightly left, wearing pallium and zucchetto and holding crucifix / Basilica di San Paolo; below, St. Paul standing facing, holding gospel and sword; across field, MIHI/ VIVE./RE | CHRI/STUS/ EST; in background, mihi vivere Chrisus est repeated in incuse. Edge printed: E CIVITATE VATICANA 466/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 58.51 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 39.94 g, .966 silver // Æ Medal: 34.01 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 466/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500) 105


326. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Benedict XVI. 2005-2013. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Crisciotti. Dated RY 6 (AD 2011). · BENEDICVTS · XVI · PONT · MAX · ANNO VI ·, bust right, wearing pallium and zucchetto / · CARITAS IN VERITATE · , Jesus standing facing, healing the sick; city in background. Edge printed: E CIVITATE VATICANA 457/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 59.88 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 39.99 g, .966 silver // Æ Medal: 38.25 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 457/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500)

327. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Benedict XVI. 2005-2013. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Crisciotti and Principe. Dated RY 7 (AD 2012) and 29 June 1951 (in Roman numerals). BENEDICVTVS XVI PONT · MAX · ANNO VII ·, bust facing, wearing cassock, pellegrina, and zucchetto / SACERDOTII LX CELEBRAT NATALEM, the Good Shephard standing facing, holding lamb over shoulders; to either side, grape vine and wheat plants (symbols of the Eucharist); above, ribon reading ADIVTORES CAVDII VESTRI. Edge printed: E CIVITATE VATICANA 452/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 60.10 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 39.24 g, .966 silver // Æ Medal: 38.67 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 452/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($1500) 106


328. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Benedict XVI. 2005-2013. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Crisciotti. Dated RY 8 (AD 2013). · BENEDICVTS XVI PONT · MAX ·, bust left, wearing pallium and zucchetto; ANNO VIII below / SYNODVS EPISCOPORVM XIII CŒTVS/ GENERALVS ORDINARVS, half-length bust of Christ facing, holding gospel in left hand and raising right in benediction; below, SICVT MISIT/ ME PATER ET EGO MITTO VOS; in incuse in fields, IC XC/ Edge printed: E CIVITATE VATICANA 499/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 59.70 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 40.41 g, .966 silver // Æ Medal: 39.27 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 499/900. Three (3) medals in lot. ($2000)

329. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Sede Vacante. 2013. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Macaluso, Colantoni, and Fermanelli. Dated 2013 (in Roman numerals). SEDE · APOSTOLICA · VACANTE, crossed keys and ribbon under parasol; MMXIII below / · THARSICIUS · CARD · BERTONE · S · R · E · CAMERARIUS ·, coat-of-arms surmounted by tassled gallero; below, ribbon reading FIDEM CUSTODIRE CONCORDIAM SERVARE. Edge: printed E CIVITATE VATICANA 71/100. All: 40mm diameters. AV Medal: 47.93 g,. .917 gold. // AR Medal: 31.99 g, .986 silver // Æ Medal: 27.99. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 71/100. Three (3) medals in lot. ($2000) 107


LESVS for IESVS – An Unfortunate, But Extremely Rare Error

330. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). Francis. 2013-present. Set of three (3) AV, AR, and Æ Medals. By Crisciotti. Dated RY 1 (AD 2013). · FRANCISCVS PONT · MAX · AN · I ·, bust facing, wearing cassock, pellegrina, and zucchetto / · VIDIT ERGO LESVS (sic) PVBLICANVM ET QVIA MISERANDO ATQVE ELIGENDO VIDIT, AIT ILLI SEQVERE ME, Matthew seated left, writing on scroll, scales at feet, in portico with tree; to left, Christ standing right, holding right hand extended, left held to Sacred Heart. Edge printed: E CIVITATE VATICANA 285/900. All: 44mm. AV Medal: 59.98 g, .917 gold // AR Medal: 40.04 g, .966 silver // Æ Medal: 38.95 g. Choice EF. In original box and case of issue, with certificate numbered 285/900. Three (3) medals in lot. Extremely rare error. ($5000) Purchased December 2013. The 2013 annual medal, designed by Mariangela Ciesciotti, included an unfortunate misspelling in the reverse legend: IESVS was written as LESVS. The error was quickly noticed and the sale of the medals suspended. Only a limited number made it into the hands of collectors, making this medal, and particularly the three-medal set, an important modern rarity.

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GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

Please refer to our online bibliography at www.cngcoins.com for a complete listing of specialized and general references used, and abbreviations.

ANCIENT Banti BMC BMCRE BN Bodenstedt Boehringer Bopearachchi Depeyrot Calicó CNS Crawford CRI Fischer-Bossert Flament Hendin HN Italy Meshorer MK MIR Price Prieur RIC RPC RSC SC Sellwood SNG ANS SNG BM Black Sea SNG Copenhagen SNG France SNG Kayhan SNG Levante SNG Lloyd SNG Lockett SNG München SNG von Aulock Starr Svoronos Traité Weidauer

A. Banti. I grandi bronzi imperiali. 9 Vols. Florence. 1983-1986. Various authors. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum. 29 Vols. London. 1873-1927. H. Mattingly et al. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. 6 Vols. London. 1932-1962. J. Giard. Bibliothèque Nationale, catalogue des monnaies de l’empire romain. 3 Vols. Paris. 1976-present. F. Bodenstedt. Die Elektronmünzen von Phokaia und Mytilene. Tübingen. 1981. E. Boehringer. Die Münzen von Syrakus. Berlin and Leipzig. 1929. O. Bopearachchi. Monnaies Gréco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. Paris. 1991. G. Depeyrot. Les monnaies d’or (Diocletian à Constantin I, Constantin II à Zenon). Wetteren. 1995-1996. X. Calicó. The Roman avrei catalogue. 2 Vols. Barcelona. 2002. R. Calciati. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum: la monetazione di bronzo. 3 Vols. Italy. 1983-87. M. Crawford. Roman Republican Coinage. 2 Vols. Cambridge. 1974. D. Sear. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 BC. London. 1998. W. Fischer-Bossert. Chronologie der Didrachmenprägung von Tarent 510-280 v.Chr. Berlin 1999. C. Flament. Le monnayage en argent d’Athènes. De l’époque archaïque à l’époque hellénistique (c. 550-c. 40 av. J.-C.). Lovainla-Neuve. 2007. D. Hendin. Guide to Biblical Coins. 5th Edition. New York. 2010. N.K. Rutter, ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. London. 2001. Y. Meshorer. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. Jerusalem. 2001. R. Göbl. Münzprägung des Kušanreiches. Vienna. 1984. R. Göbl, et al. Moneta Imperii Romani. 5 Vols. Vienna. 1984-present. M.J. Price. The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. London. 1991. M. Prieur. A type corpus of the Syro-Phoenician tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 253. Lancaster. 2000. H. Mattingly, et al. The Roman Imperial Coinage. 10 Vols. London. 1923-1994. A. Burnett, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. 3 Vols and 2 Suppls. London and Paris. 1992-present. D. Sear, et al. Roman Silver Coins. 5 Vols. London. 1978-1987. A. Houghton & C. Lorber. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. 2 Parts. Lancaster. 2002 and 2008. D. Sellwood. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia. 2nd edition. London. 1980. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, American Numismatic Society. New York. 1969-present. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, British Museum, 1: The Black Sea. London. 1993. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Danish National Museum. Copenhagen. 1942-1979. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque Nationale. Paris. 1993-2001. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. Istanbul. 2002. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Switzerland; E Levante - Cilicia. Bern. 1986. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Lloyd Collection. London. 1933-1937. Sylloge Nummorum Greacorum, Lockett Collection. London. 1938-1949. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, München Staatlische Münzsammlung. Berlin. 1968-present. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Berlin. 1957-1968. C. Starr. Athenian coinage 480-449 BC. London. 1970. J. Svoronos. Τὰ νομίσματα τοῦ κράτους τῶν Πτολεμαίων. Athens. 1904-08. E. Babelon. Traité des monnaies grecques et romaines. 9 Vols. Paris. 1901-1932. L. Weidauer. Probleme der frühen Elektronprägung. Fribourg. 1975.

BYZANTINE, MEDIEVAL, WORLD, and BRITISH Album S. Album. A Checklist of Popular Islamic Coins. 3rd ed. Santa Rosa. 2011. Biaggi E. Biaggi. Monete e zecche medievali italiane dal seculo VIII al seculo XV. Torino. 1992. Bitkin V. Bitkin. Composite Catalogue of Russian Coins. 2 vols. Kiev. 2003. BMC Vandals W. Wroth. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths and Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea and Trebizond in the British Museum. London. 1911. (Reprinted as Western and Provincial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum.) CIS S. Goron and J.P. Goenka. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates. New Delhi. 2001. CNI Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. 20 Vols. Rome. 1910-1943. Davenport J.S. Davenport. Various works on European crowns. ESC H.A. Seaby & P.A. Rayner. The English Silver Coinage from 1649. London. 1992. Friedberg R. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World. 8th ed. Clifton. 2009. KM C.L. Krause & C. Mishler. Standard Catalogue of World Coins. Krause Publications. Iola. Levinson R.A. Levinson. The Early Dated Coins of Europe. Clifton, NJ. 2007. Lunardi G. Lunardi. Le monete delle repubblica di genova. Genoa. 1975. MEC P. Grierson & M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage. Cambridge. 1986. MIB W. Hahn. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. 3 Vols. Vienna. 1973-81. MIBE W. Hahn and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Incipient Byzantine Empire. Vienna. 2000. MIR Various. Monete Italiane Regionali. 5 Vols. Pavia. ND. NM G. Depeyrot. Le numéraire mérovingien. 5 vols. Wetteren. 1998-2001. North J.J. North. English Hammered Coinage. 2 Vols. London. 1963, 1975. SB D. Sear, et al. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. 2nd edition. London. 1987. SCBC Standard Catalogue of British Coins. London. Annually. SCBI Various authors. Sylloge of the Coins of the British Isles.

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