981472. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. AR Medal (57mm, 74.70 g, 12h). Commemorating the Treaty of Breda, 31 July 1667. By J. Roettiers. (star) CAROLVS · SECVNDVS · DEI · GRATIA · MAG · BRI · FRAN · ET · HIB · REX, laureate head right / FAVENTE DEO (By God’s favor), Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping, beside hill, head turned toward fleet of ships in background, holding filleted spear in right hand and resting left hand on Union shield; in background to left, ship under sail left with fleet in distance, personification of the sun above; BRITANNIA in exergue. Edge: (rose) + (rose) CAROLVS (star) SECVNDVS (star) PACIS (star) ET (star) IMPERII (star) RESTITVOR (star) AVGVSTVS (Charles II, august restorer of peace and of the empire). Van Loon II p. 522; MI 535/186; Eimer 241. Near EF, toned, scattered marks. ($1550) Signed at the Dutch city of Breda on 31 July 1667, the Treaty of Breda brought the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665-1667) to a hasty end due to the invasion of the Southern Netherlands by Louis XIV. Prompted by Michiel de Ruyter’s successful Raid on the Medway a little more than a month earlier, which gave the Dutch control of the seas around the southern coast of England, the English quickly sued for peace. Under the terms of the treaty, the Dutch East India Company secured its control of the East Indies and the lucrative worldwide trade in nutmeg. They also gained concessions to the English Navigation Acts, which now allowed them to import German goods into England. In the long term, however, the treaty provided England with the opportunity to expand its overseas empire in North America. The unwillingness of the Dutch to recover Nieuw-Nederland, taken by the English in 1664 (its restoration had been an English concession to peace), now gave England full control of several new colonies (New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania), as well as the city of Nieuw-Amsterdam - now renamed New York City. The restoration of Acadia by the English to the French foreshadowed the series of of wars that would be fought between the two powers for dominance in North American theater, culminating in the French and Indian War (1754-1763).