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April 16,2018

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CNGMUN TIMES Commitees • SECURITY COUNCIL • CABINET OF ROJAS PINILLA •DISEC • COMCOL • ECOSOC • WHO • ICJ • Secretary of the United States • ACUND -• Summit of Science  and Technology

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Opening Welcome delegates, to the 37th edition of the Colegio Nueva Granada Model United Nations, or CNGMUN. Earlier today, we had the privilege to attend the Opening Ceremony of this year’s conference in which we heard outstanding speeches from the CNG high school principal Janice Ellerby, our Secretary General Gabriela Franco, and a keynote speaker who supported MUN in Colombia, Charlotte Samper. All speeches alluded to the real-life implications of participating in such a model, as well as the importance of cooperation rather than competition.


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Opening (continued) CNGMUN wants to focus on making an impact and transcendence on Colombia’s society by introducing the “Blue Elephant” prize. This prize consists of awarding the best resolution as a committee and awards $1,000,000 COP to a tangential organization to the topics discussed today in the victorious committee. The opening ceremony ended by informing the delegates about the underlying purpose of MUN and the high expectations CNG has on the model. Most importantly, our speakers highlighted that the goal of MUN was to discuss and be informed about the current worldwide events, this way giving the opportunities of having impacts in Colombia to both delegates and participants.

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ICJ The primary responsibility of the International Court of Justice is to settle in accordance to the international law and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized UN organs and specialized agencies. During the first unmoderated caucus in the International Court of Justice, the Nicaraguan government accused United States of America of financing the Contras in order for them to take down the Sandinista reign. Throughout the debate, there was a witness placed by the Nicaraguan Government Luis Carrion, the Vice-Minister of Interior and also one of the many victim of the Contras reign of terror. Mr. Carrion was asked multiple questions regarding his direct involvement and experience with the intervention of the United states in Nicaragua.


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ICJ (continued) There were also accusation made by the United States against Nicaragua saying that the Nicaraguan Government gave funds to different guerillas in different countries in order for the guerrillas to gain power and convert their countries into communist countries. It has been a very active and interesting committee.

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CTSD The Summit of Science and Technology seeks to explore how the best available scientific and technologically-driven methods can be useful in tackling the issues that affect the population. The first topic on the agenda for today was the creation of AGI, an organization that helps kids learn about AI, and the Killswitch implementation. Both of these topics are mainly based on the controversies and potential repercussions of incorporating artificial intelligence into different aspects of human life. Most nations stated that they were in favor of developing AI, as according to many it is considered to be the future, potentially helping mankind solve some of the world’s biggest problems. However, many issues arose, concerning both private entities like Facebook and Google, as well as sovereign nations.


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CTSD (continued) The delegation of Russia stated that it is inevitable that AI will be exploited eventually, so it requires crucial regulation, which sparked an active discussion about possible backup plans that ensure a limited effect of the technology. Then, the delegation of Korea was fast to propose a global coalition where both companies and nations are monitored appropriately, to which the rest of the delegations agreed.

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Security Council Security Council, the committee in charge of maintaining international peace and security, discussed the current South Sudan Crisis surrounding the country’s perpetual state of civil war. Resentment in part of religious and ethnic groups along with armed groups in the country have caused the crisis to escalate to one of massive degree and with little to no possibility of resolution. The delegations in this committee highlighted the importance of humanitarian aid in part of developed countries toward Sudan, South Sudan, and its surrounding countries. The debate took an extraneous turn and focused on the matter of resources and how the South Sudanese are not only fighting for their freedom, but for water, security, healthcare, and education. Ethiopia has had to carry an external weight upon its shoulders: the refugee crisis. Its delegation pleaded for external aid as it is not recognized by the United Nations to withhold poverty standards.


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Security Council (continued) An arms embargo was proposed to eradicate the problem of weapons in the South Sudan as a whole, yet it was made clear that most weapons are purchased from the black market rather than legally, so an embargo would have little to no effect upon the crisis. The delegation of South Sudan proposed a resolution to its crisis utilizing peace talks, denominated SSSSS (South Sudanese Project for Development), in which the government and all participating forces come to a consensus to terminate the conflict once in for all. The SSSSS focused on the management of resources (both internally and externally) as well as the importance of the border between South Sudan and Sudan. In order to end the conflict, SSSSS proposed the creation of a stable relationship between the two neighboring countries, as well as education for children and those affected by the crisis. .

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Comcol El primer tema de la agenda fue la negociación entre el ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional) y el Gobierno de Colombia. Colombia ha estado en guerra durante más de 50 años ya haya sido con el ELN, FARC, Paramilitares, etc. La discusión fue entre senadores y candidatos a la presidencia de los partidos: Liberal, Conservador, Centro Democrático y varios más. En la discusión había básicamente dos ramas: los que estaban a favor de un tratado de paz como el de la FARC y los que estaban en contra. El partido Liberal estaba, la mayoría de las veces, a favor de la paz. Una de las delegadas discutió, “la paciencia de la sociedad tiene límites,” explicando que los ciudadanos se merecían la paz después del tiempo de guerra. Por otro lado, el partido Centro Democrático estaba de acuerdo con el proceso de paz pero no como el de la FARC, aclarando que no querían entregarle el país al ELN.


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Comcol (continued) Los delegados concluyeron que si querían negociar con los del ELN, el grupo tenía que estar 100% involucrado y dispuesto a aceptar las consecuencias.

Secretary of the United States The committee of the United States Department of Treasury is an executive department part of the United States government. It is in charge of most financial decisions within the nation’s government, and it has the main goal of maintaining a strong economy and creating economic and job opportunities by promoting the conditions that enable economic growth and stability at home and abroad, strengthen national security by combating threats and protecting the integrity of the financial system, and manage the U.S. Government’s finances and resources effectively.

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April 16,2018

Secretary of the United States (continued) The committee has been assigned the difficult task of tackling the Great Depression through a variety of different perspectives, including those of major banks, government organizations, and even foreign nations. The first solution provided by various banks was to replace the current government, as they thought they were the primary cause of the problem. However, this approach was not found useful, after the president insisted that it would bring more chaos. Instead he suggested increasing the level of infrastructure of several states that are not taken into account in the current economy, such as Wyoming and Nebraska. This new solution was widely accepted.


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DISEC The Disarmament and International Security Committee, or DISEC, aims to discuss international disarmament and threats to peace that affect the international community and its stability. The first topic on the agenda for today focused on the reintegration of child soldiers into society. The debate focused on the proposal of what regulations must be implemented in part of the government to not only avoid the issue of child soldiers, but also to give these children a normal life with proper access to education, healthcare (for both physical and mental health), etc. The need for security towards the children being reintegrated was also pertinent to the discussion, as many of these face dangerous connotations while adjusting to society. The delegations also came to a consensus regarding the legal age that the population can join the army and raised it from 16 to 18 years old.

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Finally, the committee highlighted the importance of the reintegration occurring in each country with the help of warfare-free zones, in which children in the process of rehabilitation will ideally be placed in rehabilitation camps that provide them with the proper resources for a smooth transition back into society. The warfare-free zones are considered to be the most effective way to reintegrate affected children, as these will be in their home countries yet won’t be fully exposed to a community that might not be welcoming to them.


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Crisis Hoy se hizo un llamado a los miembro de la OTAN y sus aliados en el medio oriente para una cumbre extraordinaria. La Organización del Tratado del Atlántico Norte (OTAN) es una alianza militar internacional basada en un sistem de defensa colectiva donde los estados miembros acuerdan defenderse entre ellos. Esta cumbre extraordinaria tiene como propósito principal discutir la guerra civil en Siria y el uso de armas químicas contra la población civil en esta. Los estados miembros de la OTAN y sus aliados en el medio oriente están discutiendo una posible intervención militar para aliviar esta situación.

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Sin embargo, luego de que se reportó que el ejército nacional, fiel al presidente Bashar al-Assad, ha empleado una “guerra de guerrillas” para combatir a los rebeldes Sirios, el comité está manejando un discurso más humanitario donde se debe hacer todo los posible para evitar la intervención militar en este caso. Muchas de las delegaciones apoyaron la idea de enviar organizaciones como ACNUR, que se encargan de dar un apoyo humanitario a los desplazados y refugiados de guerras, a que resuelvan este caso sin necesidad de una intervención militar.


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Cabinet of Rojas Pinilla La idea central de la cual Cabinet de Rojas Pinilla discutió fue sobre la censura y represión contra la prensa. El partido Conservador anteriormente en 1949, durante el mandato de Mariano Ospina Pérez, Laureano Gómez y Roberto Urdaneta, decidió ejecutar una censura a la prensa. De esta manera no se filtraba información al público que los perjudicara. Cuando Gustavo Rojas Pinilla adquirió el poder, decidió que la censura debía persistir. La delegada, Josefina Valencia, dejó claro que no todos tenían que tener el mismo punto de vista. Explicó que lo que importaba era que todos los puntos de vista fueran escuchados, así llegando a un punto central y aclaró que es erróneo callar o matar a las personas que piensan diferente. No pueden silenciar a los diferentes medios por relatar las cosas como son, los Liberales ni los Conservadores pueden eliminar a alguien por pensar diferente.

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También se dio a conocer cómo una gran parte del pueblo colombiano no consideraba a Gustavo Rojas Pinilla como su presidente. Tal y como nos dio a conocer el Doctor García, Director de El Tiempo, que además explicó que los periódicos solo buscaban informarle a la comunidad colombiana los hechos. Pero también había gente con otros puntos de vista. Aquellos que decían que “el objetivo de Rojas Pinillas era asegurar la imparcialidad en la política y de esa manera acabar con la violencia bipartidista.” Además, un punto de controversia fue con la hija del presidente, delegada que estaba presente en el comité, quién aseguraba que su padre nunca la insultó. Aunque algunos de prensa que afirmaban haberlo visto en la Plaza de toros y tenían testigos de aquel acontecimiento.


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ECOSOC ECOSOC es el comité económico y social de las Naciones Unidas. En este modelo, ECOSOC debate “Educación en zonas de conflicto” y “desarrollo energético sostenible”. El comité empezó el día con una actividad para romper el hielo entre los delegados, para que se conocieran mejor, ya que la secretaria general extendió el tiempo de descanso de la mañana. Los discursos de apertura dejaron claro que las delegaciones reconocieron que es importante educar a niños en zonas de conflicto, y que la educación debería ser gratuita y de calidad para todos. También reconocieron que las energías renovables eran la mejor solución a los problemas de contaminación que ponen en jaque al medio ambiente y con él, al futuro del planeta.

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Algunas delegaciones también comunicaron lo que hacen por estos temas, como la delegación de Palestina, que dijo que su país usa energía solar, o la delegación de Corea del Norte, que anunció que en su país la educación es gratis para todos. En el debate se discutieron las implicaciones de darle educación a niños en zonas de guerra, como la accesibilidad del colegio para niños que viven lejos de él, o hasta la importancia de debatir la educación de niños, cuando en realidad se debería buscar acabar el conflicto primero, no necesariamente con educación.


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WHO The World Health Organization, WHO, is the branch of the United Nations that deals with public health affairs worldwide since its creation in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1948. In this model, this committee debates “Medical Black Market” and “Antimicrobial Resistance”. It started in a small room where the large committee barely fit, with an odd “falling rubble” sound in the background that made the delegates laugh, but they later switched rooms with the US Secretary of the Treasury Committee, which was a little smaller and had a more spacious room. With the opening speeches most countries showed a very clear stance against black market medical sales. Even so, the delegation of South Africa, for example, showed reluctance to agree with the other delegations in this issue: it believed that it was better to search for alternatives to a wait list, as people wait many years and die without getting a response.

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“It is beneficial to some extent”, the delegate said referring to organ sales. During the debate, other delegations, like that of the US, passionately stated that it was against organ sales: it argued that “selling an organ is like selling a human.” The delegation of Italy proposed that more people should donate more organs to shorten the wait list and stop the need for organs in the black market.

April 17,2018  
April 17,2018  
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