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A Few Electricity Industry Facts Three different types of ownership structure:

Percent Share of Electric Customers By Utility Type, 2012

Publicly-Owned Utilities (includes state, county, municipally-owned utilities and public power districts)

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4.3%

Cooperatively-Owned Utilities

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14.4%

12.8%

Investor-Owned Utilities

Power Marketers

n

Cooperatives Investor-Owned Utilities Publicly Owned Utilities

68.5%

Utility Functions There are three core functions of utilities: generation of electricity, transmission of electricity, and distribution to customers. Some utilities own and operate their own generation and bulk transmission; others do not. Those that do not own generation or transmission facilities will purchase these products and services.

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Electricity Generation n Different regions of the country use various fuel mixes to generate electricity.

Energy Efficiency n The use of energy efficiency continues to be an important tool for the industry. It conserves energy and lowers customers’ bills. Ratepayer-funded energy efficiency and demand response programs in the U.S. saved enough electricity to power almost 10 million homes in 2010.

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Key Industry Challenges = Rising Costs: Environmental regulations and other environmental policy

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US Electric Generation by Fuel Type, 2012 Generation, in thousands of megawatt-hours

Building new transmission infrastructure, especially for renewables

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Coal

1,514,044

37.4%

Natural Gas

1,237,756

30.6%

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769,331

19.0%

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23,190

.6%

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Other

234,525

5.8%

Water

271,290

6.7%

Nuclear Oil

Source: Energy Information Administration Form EIA-923.

Electricity Demand n The demand for electricity continues to grow. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, electricity demand is going to increase by 25% by 2040.

Natural gas supply and infrastructure Development of new cybersecurity policy Siting and financing of new nuclear generation Integration of variable energy resources such as wind and solar

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Public Power At A Glance  

Central Municipal Power Agency/Services belongs to a network of public power utilities and exists as the management services organization o...