Tips on how to add a little bit of the indoors to your outdoor space!
Discover what creates a strong focal point on your Terraza!
Plenty of Elements & Principles!
Table of Contents
Letter from the Editor
Cindy reveals the inspiration for Terraza! p.2
Get Informed Why should you have a Terraza? p.3
ON THE COVER Keith Scott Morton Photography
Elements of Design: Lines Texture Light Color Space Shape Form
p.5 p.9 p.13 p.17 p.21 p.25 p.29
Principles of Design: Balance p.34 Harmony p.38 Emphasis p.45 Massing p.48 p. 51 Rhythm Proportion p. 56 p.59 Scale
Tips on how to create that perfect outdoor space for your Terraza!
Letter From the Editor Welcome Readers! Terraza was inspired by the love of the outdoors mixed with the comfort of the indoors. Porches come in so many shapes, sizes and colors! I was raised in a small, rural town in Pennsylvania. I grew up camping, exploring forests, and enjoying various water activities. This lifestyle influenced me to greatly love Mother Earth and all that she has to offer. I wanted to create a magazine that explored the various aspects of living outdoors through the use of porches! I hope you find this magazine as inspiring to you as it was for me to create it! Bon Voyage! Cindy Mareck Editor in Chief
Bringing the Indoors Outdoors -Who We Are at Terraza
Is a magazine about porches
and what it means to bring the indoors outdoors! Porches, or Terrazas, bring a unique element into the home by the use of living outdoors! They can provide shelter from a rainstorm, as well as extra entertainment space for your extravaganzas! They provide the opportunity to connect with the outdoors which has plenty of colors, shapes, and textures to draw 3
inspiration to bring into your home!
ELEMENTS OF DESIGN
HORIZONTAL LINES Horizontal lines create a calming and serene feeling to any setting, and that includes the horizontal lines of a long wrap around porch.
VE R T I C A Lines Vertical Lines are used as an element in design to draw the eye upwards towards the ceiling, creating an illusion of greater height. These lines tend to create a more dramatic entrance or exit for an 7
Â g n i w o l F Â d e v r u s C e n i L Curved, flowing lines can resemble the wind blowing through a field or the leaves blowing on the wind. Curved lines create a dynamic entrance, especially as the picture displays the curves in the doors as well as the overhanging railing. It creates a peaceful emotion yet brings incredible drama to the design. 8
TACTILE TEXTURES Woven textures provide comfort and style, especially in the porch furniture. The couch not only has texture in the fabrics of the cushions and pillows, but also in the casing. The couch has a basket weave texture creating visual interest.
Mixing and matching tactile textures provides a unique style as well as extra visual interest in the design.
Reflective Texture Light reflected off of windows can create a focal point throughout different times in the day.
These doors create visual interest in the reflective surfaces of the various widths of the glass panels. The different widths of the glass create a twinkling effect when 11
light is reflected from the doors.
NON-REFLECTIVE TEXTURES Non-Reflective textures mean little to no light is reflected off of the surface. Stone, wood and brick tend to be non-reflective textures used in creating a beautiful outdoor space. They bring a warm element into the design.
TASKÂ LIGHTING Task Lighting is used to provide light for a specific task. When it gets dark outside, the lighting on the porches provide direction to the door. It can enhance the look of the specific design. The lighting on the stairway provides illumination to see each stair, and prevent an accident.
Natural Light is the use of sunlight, rather than a fixture to create a specific design and light source. The sunlight on the home reflects a beautiful light on the door as well as the windows on the roof.
Ceiling Lights Ceiling lights are used in a similar way to Task Lighting Fixtures. They provide overhead lighting to porches and are largely used when it's dark outside. Ceiling lights can be recessed, as well as track lighting fixtures or even pendant lighting fixtures.
Direct Complementary Notice how the door seems to stand out from the background and is the main focal point? It's due to it's color contrast! Direct Complementary colors mean the two colors on the color wheel which are directly across from one another.
The Color Wheel is a useful tool to add multiple colors to your space. Look how the green plants complement and help feature the red door! Take one color from the wheel and look directly across to find it's complement! 18
Monochromatic A Monochromatic Color Scheme means to use a single hue in various shades throughout the space.
This space has a relaxed feeling due to the monochromatic color scheme. Using various values in one space creates a calm and inviting feeling!
The various range of values in the hue create different colors while keeping the space unified.
Neutral Palette What do you think of when you hear the word Neutral? Typically boring, right? Well, using a neutral palette on your Terraza can create visual interest if used in a clever way. Look at the tan and white striped floor. Boring? I think not. The contrast of the plants with browns create more visual interest. You can also see various textures throughout the space. The linens on the pillows, the bricks, the weave of the bench, etc. All of these are neutral but inspiring.
Positive Space is the area of interest or the subject of the area. The door pictured above creates the area of interest by using a contrasting color to the background. It is the positive space in the image due to the high contrast. 22
Negative Space Negative space is also sometimes referred to as the â€œwhite space in the room. The negative space has no content, its the â€œemptyâ€? part of the area. The definition of negative space is the area between the forms in a 2 or 3 Dimensional Design.
The arrow points to the negative space pictured in the image to the right. The negative space is the area that people typically walk through. The space can be described as the area between the seats and the railing. 23
The term crowding in most cases refers to the areas of the home where people tend to gather. During the warmer months of the year, that can be the outdoor space! Territoriality typically refers to the sense of ownership in the space. It is also the personal attachment to the space. Many homeowners like to dictate what rooms in or out of their homes they allow company in, along with what comes in or out of the space. For example, some homeowners ask their company to leave their shoes at the door! 24
Geometric shapes are found in nearly every design. You don't even realize that you see them! Geometric design is displayed through the use of triangles, squares and circles. However, you can use pretty much any geometric shape (rectangles, octagons, trapezoids, etc.).
With Abstract design, you can create endless possibilities. You can mix and match patterns, and shapes to create that look. 27
Abstract shapes can be seen in the actual construction and architecture of the porch as well as fabrics, floor panels, light fixtures, etc.
DYNAMIC Dynamic shapes are designed to create movement within a space. It can be a shape in fabric, or the actual architecture of a building. The columns create a dynamic entrance into this home. The size along with the contrast in color create a dynamic emphasis.
Geometric Geometric forms are found in nearly every design. Nearly every furniture piece is made up of various geometric forms! Most of the time you don't even realize that the chair you're looking at is composed of rectangles, squares, or circles!
Abstract forms give the space a visual interest. The form could be the shape of the porch or the shapes of the various furniture pieces. The abstract form differs from the abstract shape by having depth. The form is a three dimensional object as opposed to the shape which could be 2D or 3D. 31
Abstract http://theluxhome.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/0 1/modern-contemporary-outdoor-folding-chair-wit h-various-color-option-1.jpg
Natural or Organic forms are typically inspired by Nature and the great outdoors! They could even be a part of Nature. The forms often mimic the outdoors, even if the materials used are not from nature itself. The Natural Forms are often a fluid line or shape, causing even more visual interest in a room and disposing of the â€œplainâ€? look.
The leaves have a very organic movement to them! Similar to the shapes in the doors!
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN
Visual Symmetry Imagine a mirror image of the design over an â€œimaginary axisâ€?. This is visual symmetry.
Where one side of the design is identical to the opposing side. Visual Symmetry creates Balance.
Asymmetry design tends to be more relaxed. It may take a little more effort to design a room with a perfectly balance asymmetrical design; however, the end product is worth it!
This house is asymmetrical. There is a peak on the left side but no peak on the right. Yet it's still appealing to the eye! This is clever design!
To design a successful structurally symmetrical plan, it is imperative that it is accomplished with great thought and precision. Unlike the two other forms of balance, structural symmetry uses more than aesthetics. It needs to be structurally sound to provide the necessary safety requirements.
Notice how there are two columns on either side of the entrance. That is planned structural symmetry!
Unity Through Line The vertical bars in the railing are parallel to the columns on the porch as well as the windows and the door! It unifies the space!
Lines can provide unity in a space if they typically run parallel to one another (meaning that they travel in the same direction).
Unity Through Color Color can provide either unity or variety in a space. The use of similar colors, or complementary colors provides a uniformed area.
Using the same color in various hues and values can also provide unity to the space.
Unity Through Repetition The bushes as well as the columns are repeated throughout the front entrance providing a uniformed look!
A uniformed space can also be defined by the repetition of patterns, shapes, colors and sizes. For example, the repetition of stripes or circles can create a pattern that provides unity. The design has a sense of unity due to the natural flow of the repeated pattern. 41
Variety Through Color Having a variety of color does not mean that a rainbow is now covering your space! It does mean using more than one color to create visual interest in the space. Use the color wheel to find complementary colors to create the perfectly balanced space!
You can add a variety of color through the use of accessories such as the pillows or vases! 42
Variety Through Furniture
Having a variety in a space doesn't mean it is total opposites! It's about finding pieces that mix and match. You can have various shapes of pillows or furniture! Just find one common thread among the furniture pieces and you'll have a great balance of variety! 43
Variety Through Modern in Contrast to Old You can create a one of a kind design by combining modern fixtures with old, but classic design. This use of mixing and matching can leave you with a space that is uniquely your own!
http://cdn.freshome.com/wp-content/u ploads/2011/08/alum-loveseat-with-tur q-metallic.jpg
The pairing of the traditional with modern creates endless possibilities!!
Visual Focal Point
Often times you have one favorite piece of furniture or a favorite art piece, or that favorite antique vase! You want to display it and draw attention to that unique piece. To do this, you must create a visual focal point. You can create this by placing that favorite of yours at a point that you see when you first walk into the space. Make it the main priority in the space!
Structural Focal Point
Frequently, the architect of the building or room creates one main structural focal point. Usually it's a fire place, or beautiful columns that lead to an entry, or a unique feature specific to the home. It can also be an accent wall, or beautiful tiling in a bathroom. It could be a unique window or door frame! 47
Actual Density Actual density refers to how dense the object physically is. Stonework not only appears physically dense, but is actually very dense. This is known as Actual Density.
This covered driveway has actual density. It is made of stone which is an extremely heavy material! 49
With optical density, objects that appear to take up a lot of space but actually don't are a prime example of optical density. For example, glass walls appear to be taking up a lot of space, but in reality are significantly 50 smaller!
Climatic When Climatic Rhythm is used, it creates a flowing movement within a space. It draws the eyes upward and then downward, back and forth, etc. It creates visual interest in nearly every nook and cranny of the space.
Repetitive Rhythm is created through the use of similar shapes, colors, patterns, and designs that are repeated throughout the space. The various repeating ideas can create a harmony and rhythmic balance in the space. The columns are repetitive in the shape, color and design of the space.
Color contrast is often the most described contrasting rhythm in design. However, the contrast of shapes and textures can also create a Contrasting Rhythm. 54
Transitional Rhythm moves the eye from one focal point to another throughout the space. This can be accomplished through the use of line or repetition of patterns, or the placement of similar objects throughout the room.
TransitionalÂ orÂ Flowing The driveway in this design draws your eye around the space, creating a transitional flow.
Proportion is the relationship of size between an object as a whole and its various parts.
Objects in Proportion with Space
The light fixtures are in proportion with the size of the door, the size of the porch, as well as the size of the stairs. This image portrays objects that are in proportion with one another.
Objects Not in Proportion with Space Objects that are disproportional in the space refers to the size of the scaling of the object in relation to its surroundings. The object could be either too big or too small.
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Human scale refers to the relationship between Human Figures and their surroundings. It is used and implemented in design through the sizing of furniture, doorways, halls, windows, etc.
Symbolic Scale Symbolic Scale refers to the proportionality of an object in relation to its surroundings. For example, a statue that resembles a human in its shape may be significantly larger than a real human. The statue is meant to be a symbol of a human even though the scaling of an actual person is significantly smaller.