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Fall 2015

Paths to practice

The show must go on History and its keeping After graduation CELEBRATING 70 YEARS OF CHIROPRACTIC EDUCATION IN CANADA (1945-2015)

A publication from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College for alumni, members and friends


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Plain film spinal or extremity series $30 Each additional series on the same patient $20 MRI interpretation $50 Full spine series $40 CT interpretation $50

Contact Dr. Bill Hsu at 416 482 2340 ext. 143 or

Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College


From the Chair Congratulations, Class of 2015. As we celebrate CMCC’s 70th anniversary and reflect on our history, it is even more poignant to see these new doctors cross the stage and prepare to play their roles in the development of chiropractic. Knowing some of these young men and women, as I do, in person and by reputation, I know that we can all be proud and optimistic for the future. I was saddened by the loss of Dr. Don Sutherland, a great man, and CMCC’s first leader under its presidential system which allows CMCC an operational President, separate from the Board of Governors. Dr. Sutherland played a pivotal role in CMCC’s development, ensuring the institution was on the right path for the future. In reading his biography, I wonder if there was a single, essential association or committee to which he did not belong or help to create during formative years of the profession. His work is inspiring. It is important that we are able to look back and understand the development of the profession. To those who have helped document and organize the history of the profession, we are thankful. I hope you, as our alumni and friends, will enjoy reading about the Canadian Chiropractic Historical Association and the development of CMCC’s archives, the only comprehensive records of chiropractic’s development in Canada and the sometimes colourful lives of the people who brought us to where we are today. In terms of CMCC’s vision and future developments, the Board of Governors held its annual retreat in June. We debated issues and directions for the future in preparation for the development of our next strategic plan. As Dr. Wickes begins his second year as President, we continue to work together to increase CMCC’s recognition for creating leaders in spinal health and to strengthen CMCC’s delivery of world class chiropractic education, research and patient care. Thank you to everyone who joined us for our 3rd Annual BC BackSwing in Coquitlam at Westwood Plateau Golf & Country Club and our inaugural CMCC Alberta BackSwing, held at Bearspaw Country Club. I hope many of you enjoyed our 11th annual BackSwing in Toronto, held at DiamondBack Country Club on September 9. Your support helps CMCC continue to provide excellent education and keep the profession strong.

Fall 2015

Volume 52, Issue 3 02 From the President 04 CMCC News 06 In the Community 09 Profile of Dr. Christine Garrity 10 CMCC Archives: Politics and the development of chiropractic

12 Documenting chiropractic history in Canada

14 Perspectives on the Pan Am Games 16 CMCC recruitment changes 18 Making sure the show goes on 22 Passages 25 In Memoriam 26 Donations 28 CE Course Catalog 30 Future plans 34 Graduation 36 Homecoming 39 Backswing 2015

Mark Labrecque, DC

To contact any member of the Board, please email FALL 2015

From the President "Ambition is the path to success. Persistence is the vehicle you arrive in." Bill Bradley

David Wickes, DC, MA

This issue of PC is our anniversary edition, celebrating 70 years of CMCC’s proud history and a multitude of accomplishments. On September 18, 1945, CMCC opened its doors to its first class of future chiropractors. Although it is probably no surprise that admission requirements to CMCC were much lower in 1945 – as was the case for many of the health professions at that time – the actual DC curriculum was a full four years in length and comprised of a similar number of instructional hours and a full complement of basic science courses as found in today’s degree program. Within a couple of years, CMCC had gained provincial authority to use human cadavers for its dissection labs,

and today CMCC remains one of fewer than a dozen institutions in Ontario that has that authority. We must congratulate the founders and early administrators of CMCC for having the wisdom to press for academic rigour and a continuing drive for improvement. Over the years, we saw CMCC grow, and then outgrow, its original campus as well as the Bayview campus. Even at our present modern facility, we find ourselves operating at full capacity. We are one of the most selective chiropractic degree programs in North America, with more than 600 applicants vying for fewer than 200 freshman seats each year. This September we will undergo our periodic full reaffirmation of


Annual General Meeting The Annual General Meeting of the membership of CMCC will be held at 9:00 a.m. on Saturday, October 24, 2015 at CMCC, 6100 Leslie Street, Toronto, Ontario. The agenda will include reports, the election of directors, Bylaw changes and any such other business as may be desired and proper.

Go green You can reduce your carbon footprint and read Primary Contact in a digital format (PDF) instead of receiving a paper copy. Email us at and we’ll make the switch for you.

"Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress; working together is success." Henry Ford

accreditation site team evaluation by the Council on Chiropractic Education Canada (CCEC). This follows an extensive self-study process we undertook on campus in which we critically evaluated our own performance and conformation to the accreditation standards and published a report on our findings. The findings and conclusions in that report are then validated by the site team during its visit this fall. The team’s report and recommendations are then deliberated upon by the CCEC and a final decision rendered in November and followed by any necessary actions for improvement. The cycle then begins again, thus modeling at the institutional level what we expect our own students to do: reflect upon performance

and weaknesses, improve where necessary and re-evaluate to determine if the corrective actions were effective. Accreditation processes are not looked at as being burdensome or punitive, but rather as a valuable part of our planning, implementation and evaluation cycle of continuous quality improvement. Our alumni and friends continue to play a huge part in the 70 year success of CMCC. I thank you for your continuing financial support that plays a key role in keeping our cost of tuition reasonable for today’s students. I thank you also for participating in the surveys we send out to obtain feedback on your training and success in practice, for your letters of encouragement and

suggestions, for your attendance at Homecoming and other alumni events, for interacting with our students, and for showing the world the impact that CMCC has upon healthcare. At the recent World Federation of Chiropractic Congress in Greece, I hosted a CMCC alumni luncheon and more than 80 people attended. These included CMCC graduates who now are faculty and administrators at chiropractic institutions across the world. I wonder if in 1945 anyone could have appreciated how CMCC would help shape chiropractic not just in Canada but globally. And really, we've only just scratched the surface of our full potential. Happy birthday, CMCC!


Craig Jacobs awarded first prize from FICS

CMCC News Jean Moss, CMCC President Emerita, honoured by UOIT

Dr. Jean Moss, CMCC President Emerita, was honoured by the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) with a Doctor of Laws, honoris causa at the university’s convocation for the Faculty of Education and the Faculty of Health Sciences on Thursday, June 4. In addressing the audience, Dr. Moss spoke about the value of collaborative environments, where each health care professional adds their expertise to the care of the patient. She acknowledged the collaborations between UOIT and CMCC, which have achieved phenomenal results through the work accomplished at the UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation and the development of an articulation agreement that allows students to continue seamlessly from the kinesiology program at UOIT to the Doctor of Chiropractic program at CMCC.

Congratulations CMCC researchers recognised in Athens during the World Federation of Chiropractic Conference Dr. Bernadette Murphy, CMCC adjunct faculty member and professor at UOIT, and her team, comprised of Julianne Baarbe, Michael Holmes, Heather Murphy and Heidi Haavik, received first prize, the Scott Haldeman Award, for: Neck pain participants show impaired ability to perform a mental rotation task in a four week longitudinal study as compared to healthy controls. An honourable mention went to adjunct faculty members Heather M. Shearer, Pierre Côté and colleagues Eleanor Boyle, Jill A. Hayden, John W. Frank and William G. Johnson, for: Who will have sustainable employment after a back injury? The development of a clinical predication model in a cohort of injured workers. The student first prize was awarded to Kirsten Olesen, Peggy Howard, Shirley Xing, Fok-Han Leung and supervisor Dr. Deborah KopanskyGiles for: Health professional perspectives regarding the use of patient-reported outcome measures in an integrated primary care health centre: a pilot project.

Congratulations to Dr. Craig Jacobs (Class of '05) who received first prize in research from the Fédération Internationale de Chiropratique du Sport (FICS) for his work entitled Musculoskeletal Injury in Professional Dancers: Prevalence and Associated Factors. An International Cross-Sectional Study. His was one of six platform presentations presented at FICS Symposium in Greece, concurrent with the World Federation of Chiropractic Congress and the European Chiropractic Convention in May. “This study received a lot of support from a variety of institutions,” Jacobs says. "The project was a collaboration between CMCC, the Canadian Institute of Health Research, the University of Toronto, the Artist Health Centre of the University Health Network, international partners including the University of South Denmark, Lund University in Sweden and Hadassah Hospital in Israel, as well as nine dance companies from Canada, Denmark, Sweden and Israel." Jacobs says he is pleased to have done a study focused on dance, calling professional dancers "artists that perform at the level of elite athletes," adding that he hopes the effort put into this study and the research uncovered leads to advancements in understanding musculoskeletal injuries in dancers.

Dr. Jacobs (centre), with Dr. Stephen Perle, Chair of FICS Research Commission and Dr. Sheila Wilson, President of FICS

Alumni 5


Pierre Côté releases the findings from his two year study on common traffic injury management

The Athletic Mom-to-Be: Training your way into pregnancy and motherhood Dr. Carol Ann Weis (Class of ‘08) recently released her first book, The Athletic Mom-toBe: Training your way into pregnancy and motherhood, with co-author Jennifer Faraone. The culmination of five years of research, interviews and writing, the book is a resource for all pregnant women – no matter how athletic – and their doctors and coaches. . Weis has an MSc in Exercise Physiology from the University of Western Ontario, in which she focussed on exercise during pregnancy. She combines her

expertise from her graduate degree, her over 20 years in the fitness and rehabilitation profession and her experience as a chiropractor to successfully treat patients. In addition, she is a member of the faculty at CMCC where she lectures on and researches back pain and pregnancy. Weis has previously co-authored two manuals for fitness certification bodies and a variety of articles for the fitness industry.

The Athletic Mom-to-Be: Training your way into pregnancy and motherhood is available at

In 2013, Dr. Côté (Class of ’89) was selected to carry out a comprehensive systematic review and develop evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of common traffic injuries in Ontario. His task, as the Director of the UOIT-CMCC Centre for Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, was to develop clinical practice guidelines based on scientific evidence. The findings were released in July by the Financial Services Commission of Ontario and detailed in a 279 page report entitled: Enabling Recovery from Common Traffic Injuries: a Focus on the Injured Person. Key findings include the need to care for the psychosocial needs of injured persons and the need to provide time-limited evidence-based interventions. To view the full report: Enabling Recovery from Common Traffic Injuries: A Focus on the Injured Person ( en/auto/Documents/2015-cti.pdf) FALL 2015


In the Community

Ashley Worobec with Canadian Sprint Canoeist, Mark Oldershaw

Ashley Worobec selected to carry the Pan Am torch Congratulations to Dr. Ashley Worobec (Class of ’06) who was selected to carry the Pan Am torch in her home town of Burlington. Worobec was unknowingly nominated by a neighbour and friend and then selected as one of the 12 finalists. She earned the top position during a two-week online voting process to determine Burlington’s community representative.

Worobec passed the torch to Olympic/Pan Am canoeist Mark Oldershaw in the relay held Friday, June 19 at Spencer Smith Park in Burlington. The relay was held downtown during the Sound of Music festival, Canada's largest free outdoor music festival. “There were thousands of people lining the route and the buzz and energy surrounding it was incredible.”

“This experience was one of those once-in-a-lifetime opportunities that I won't soon forget, says Worobec. “To be voted into this honour by members of my community – family, friends, patients, colleagues – meant the world to me. I have built my whole life around sport and fitness and health, and to me, bringing the Pan Am flame through Burlington brought all of those aspects of my life together."

Worobec practices out of Burlington Sports & Spine Clinic, a multidisciplinary practice with a sports-based focus where she says the patient base is comprised of “weekend warriors, grassroots athletes, and elite competitors.” She was thrilled with the support they gave her during the voting and happy to see many of them come to the park to see her run with the flame.


CMCC alumni come to the aid of classmate and family Dr. Rebecca Patterson contacted CMCC recently to let us know of the tremendous goodwill shown by the Class of ’09 who have come together to help a fellow alumna Dr. Jordon Millar whose young son, Jules, has been diagnosed with leukemia and is facing three and a half years of treatment in the US, where the family lives. Originally from Victoria, BC, Millar moved to San Diego in 2012 and has devoted the last three years to raising her family. She resumed practice in San Diego at the end of August 2015, treating children and pregnant women. CMCC Wellness Crew

Many of her classmates have been moved to help support Millar to care for her son whose treatment schedule is demanding and medical costs high. Patterson says “it has been very inspiring to see the Class come together in support of Jordan and her family as though no time has passed at all, and that it feels like a huge extended family.” To date, the class has raised $8,921 through their fundraising page and is hopeful they will continue to raise funds to support Jules in beating leukemia.

Toronto People with AIDS Foundation’s (PWA) Friends for Life Bike Rally CMCC interns and clinicians accompanied riders as part of the Wellness Crew for the third annual outreach with the Toronto People with AIDS Foundation’s (PWA) Friends for Life Bike Rally. This year CMCC was also a major sponsor of the event, participating in sponsorship and promotion events which began early in the year.The interns and clinicians agreed that it was a life-altering experience. CMCC clinicians Drs. Craig Jacobs and Janet D’Arcy, led eight Year IV students – Mitchell Badz, Andrew Cregg, Michelle Cruickshank, Laura Dalpiaz-Stec, Chris Grant, Cassandra Laleye, Rahim Lalji and Courtney O’Connell – on the six day, 660km ride from Toronto to Montreal as part of the Rally’s interdisciplinary Wellness Crew. The crew set up for treatments during lunch breaks and at the end of each day and saw a total of 115 patients over six days, providing 231 treatments.

Congratulations! Natalia Lishchyna (Class of '98), elected new councillor for Oakville, Ontario's Ward 6.

“The interns not only provided excellent chiropractic care, but became part of the FFLBR and PWA Toronto community and displayed a wonderful sense of compassion and empathy. I believe that this experience has profoundly affected our interns’ development as healthcare professionals,” says Jacobs. PWA announced that the Bike Rally raised over $1 million this year to support people living with HIV/AIDS, and over $14 million across the 17-year history of the event. Jacobs set a fundraising goal of $2,000, which he easily surpassed with the help of the CMCC community. The CMCC Wellness Crew as a whole raised $4,600.

FALL 2015



CMCC Membership… save thousands annually! • Free and discounted orthotics • Significant savings on Continuing Education, Supply Centre and Bookstore purchases and rebates • Online access to research databases including EBSCO, Natural Standard and Current Research: Concussion Journal • Savings of up to 40% on group auto and home insurance Contact Alumni Affairs at 416 482 2340/1 800 669 2959 ext. 146 or 184 or


Profile of Christine Garrity, Class of '92 disease,” by Thomas Edison, would inspire her strongly. "In chiropractic, you have the best of every profession if you want to use it. You’ve got the science and the arts, people skills and investigative skills,” she states with pride.

What CMCC means to Dr. Garrity “I believe it is important to give back to CMCC because we need to have a strong school to help create strong, dedicated people who are licensed to promote the wellbeing of their patients. We need to support and recognise the chiropractors who went before us, acknowledging their dedication to the profession both physically and financially, to the point at which they erected their own building to educate future generations of chiropractors.”

Dr. David Wickes & Dr. Christine Garrity

CMCC was delighted to sit down with Dr. Christine Garrity (Class of ’92), a longtime CMCC supporter, to learn about her love of chiropractic and what motivates her to give back to CMCC.

How she started on the path to chiropractic Garrity began her undergraduate education with the goal of becoming a physical education teacher. As she studied, she coached, gaining an interest in rehabilitation at the same time as her interest in research grew. She was inspired to submit a grant request to support the opening of a disability rehabilitation facility. Ahead of her time, the grant was declined, but rehabilitation had become a new focus in her career objectives. After shadowing a surgeon, a physiotherapist and a chiropractor, Garrity returned to the University of Toronto to pick up her sciences. After graduating from CMCC, she went a step further, applied and gained acceptance to CMCC’s Clinical Sciences Residency graduate program. Little did she know that the quote on her bedroom wall since high school, “The doctor of the future will give no medication, but will interest his patients in the care of the human frame, diet and in the cause and prevention of

“It is important to maintain a high academic standard to ensure the profession maintains its world renowned reputation. The older chiropractors gave so much and created the legacy for all of us. We can’t be complacent and self-entitled.” “Without research we wouldn’t survive politically. To thrive we need to be able to demonstrate the science behind what we do, to our colleagues in health care and to the public.”

Her practice today Practicing in Markham, Ontario, Garrity has hit her stride. “I knew I would like chiropractic, but I didn’t know I would love it. Each day I go to work, I come back happy.” In an area with older demographics, she has many senior patients for whom she is a primary care practitioner. Dealing with her stepfather’s esophageal cancer and father-in-law’s leukemia broadened her view of assessing patients by looking out for cancers. If she does find something suspicious, she uses her knowledge of the health care system to help them navigate through. Outside of her practice, Garrity is married with two children who are active in sports. She coaches girls ringette and is interested in learning more about treating concussions. Animals are also a big part of her family life and she has also earned a reputation for taking in and caring for injured dogs. FALL 2015


CMCC Archives A history of the politics, the people and the development of chiropractic in Canada By Steve Zoltai, Collections Librarian & Archivist

The Haldeman family in South Africa

Our collective memory The CMCC Archives is the official repository for the records of the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College. The Archives also acquires records through donations from individuals, families and chiropractic organizations. The archives exists to preserve, protect and make available the wealth of information it contains about the history of CMCC and of chiropractic worldwide. We also work to enhance awareness of chiropractic’s rich history and to extend assistance to those attempting to illuminate it. By providing access to original records, the CMCC Archives gives researchers the opportunity to

interpret past activity and to explore the history of the profession. That the archives documents and safeguards the institutional collective memory makes it necessary, essential even. That it is really all about people makes it fascinating. The archives are the aggregate stories of all those people who contributed – some substantively and others tangentially – to the history of the institution and to the profession. It is the story of presidents and personalities come and gone, victories


Of all the national assets, Archives are the most precious: They are the gift of one generation to another and the extent of our care of them marks the extent of our civilization." Arthur G. Doughty, Dominion Archivist, 1904-1935

and disappointments, of heroes and charlatans and of larger than life personalities and improbable connections which sometimes beg disbelief. It is as textured and varied as the people and personalities that, in one way or another, contributed to its creation; People like Harry Yates of London, Ontario for example.

The characters and the legends In 1919, Harry was a young flight lieutenant in the Royal Air Force (RAF) when he was tasked with ferrying an unnamed VIP to the peace talks in Cairo. After several near death experiences, Harry successfully delivered his cargo on time setting a long distance flying record in the process. His secret passenger turned out to be T.E. Lawrence, the famous Lawrence of Arabia, who played a pivotal role in shaping the political landscape of the Middle East for the next century. His travels also brought him in contact with Harry St. John Philby, father of the infamous Cold War era British/Soviet double agent, Kim Philby.

And Harry’s connection to chiropractic? While training in France, he had half his stomach removed as a result of a chronic ailment and was given just six months to live. Although he outlived his military doctor’s prognosis he found no remedy until he turned to chiropractic and, indebted, took up the profession himself. Yates went on to become a major figure in the chiropractic community serving in various capacities including Canadian Chiropractic Association president and parliamentary representative, president of the Ontario Chiropractic Association and playing a key role in the founding of the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College. Explorer, sportsman and political activist, Saskatchewan’s Dr. Joshua Haldeman was another flying chiropractor with connections to CMCC. The son of Almeda Haldeman, the first woman to practice chiropractic in Canada, he decamped the Haldeman clan to South Africa in 1950, citing what he saw as deterioration in the political and moral culture of Canada.

Haldeman (left) and Yates (centre) with J.M. Gaudet and R.O. Mueller at a meeting of the CMCC Board of Directors in 1946

FALL 2015


After summarily uprooting the family, which included his son, Scott, the expatriate DC spent many years in search of the likely mythical Lost City of the Kalahari. His exploits, often with the young Scott in tow, brought him into close contact with the more dangerous elements of the continent’s fauna. An accomplished aviator, he once flew 30,000 miles in his single engine plane across Africa, through Asia and on to Australia, perhaps the only private pilot ever to make such a journey. Although unsuccessful in locating the fabled city, Joshua Haldeman’s career included important contributions to chiropractic provincially, nationally and within his adopted homeland. He also helped establish CMCC which he served, along with fellow flyer Harry Yates, as a member on the first Board of Directors. Stories like those of Yates and Haldeman highlight the richness of the Archives and tales it holds of larger than life personalities and outsized exploits of some of those who have contributed in some way to the history of CMCC and to chiropractic.

Documenting chiropractic history in Canada By Doug Brown, DC and Steve Zoltai, MISt

Inception Chiropractic was born in 1895 when Daniel David (DD) Palmer delivered a spinal adjustment to Harvey Lillard. In 1987, DD opened the Palmer School of Chiropractic (PSC) in Davenport, Iowa and in 1906, authored The science of chiropractic; its principles and adjustments. Thus began a series of 39 Green Books, describing the philosophy and science of chiropractic as originated by DD Palmer. Mostly penned by DD’s son, Bartlett Joshua (BJ) Palmer and published by the PSC between 1906 and 1985. Thousands of documents from which the Green Books are based, are kept today in the Palmer Archives, the “fountainhead” of early chiropractic history.

CMCC Libraries

Sub-Lieutenant Harry Yates

Where does it go from here? The growth and development of the archives, however, is an ongoing process. Its evolution is both organic and managed with long term preservation its ultimate goal. It is a commitment to the future that will exist so long as there is the institutional will to maintain it. Like all good stories, however, it grows in the telling. Until a new generation of those willing to take up the telling arises, the archives will be little more than a carefully managed accumulation of records and documents, photos, instruments and memorabilia. Essential in the keeping, but voiceless.

"Life upon the Wicked Stage" Joan Kemp, Margaret Harrison and Bella

CMCC opened its doors in Houle. Practichiro, 1955. Toronto at 252 Bloor Street West, on September 18, 1945. Although blessed to have been founded and financed through the auspices of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, its location in the 10,000 sq. ft. Meadonia Hotel, was confining. By January 1946, CMCC was packed with 135 students; its primitive library of about 200 books, many outdated, was stuck in an obscure alcove and overseen by student volunteers. By December 1968, classes commenced in CMCC’s second campus, a 54,000 sq. ft. facility at 1900 Bayview Avenue. By this time, the library held close to 3,000 books and in 1972 was renamed the CC Clemmer Library, in honour of 1912 Palmer graduate Cecil Clemmer and his wife Myrtle, who willed $300,000 to the library. In 1980, the library was relocated, doubled in size and reopened under the leadership of Claire Callaghan, where it flourished.


The Ellis Micro Dynameter

In September of 2000, Margaret Butkovic became director of the Clemmer Library. This era culminated in CMCC’s third move, in 2004, to its 150,000 sq. ft. location at 6100 Leslie Street. CMCC’s expanded 11,000 sq. ft. Health Sciences Library today contains the largest English language collection of its kind in Canada and is recognized for its quality and services. Thankfully, Butkovic was able to work closely with the architects, have input into the library’s design and supervise its installation.

CMCC Archives Steve Zoltai was hired as CMCC’s Collections Development Librarian and Archivist in 2001, and began the process of bringing order to its substantial, but largely chaotic accumulation of historical materials which consisted of storage rooms filled with the random products of the profession’s collective memory amassed during CMCC’s first half century.

Implementing systems of physical and intellectual control, he began by working through the materials, culling and organizing the masses of material, compiled during the labours of many lifetimes, into appropriate collections. He assigned unique identifiers to each master grouping and transferred them to foldered storage containers, which were described by finding aids, an archivist term for the essential guides to the records contained within. Currently, the archives hold over 1,000 linear feet of processed and unprocessed materials, with 141 finding aids to guide the researcher. In 2008, the library began development of a web-based, archives database. Launched in 2009, it was possibly the first publicly accessible database solely devoted to the holdings of a chiropractic facility. Its purposes include modernizing the way archival information is stored and fostering the study of chiropractic history by making CMCC’s records freely available to researchers globally.

Canadian Chiropractic Historical Association The Canadian Chiropractic Association launched the Canadian Chiropractic Historical Association (CCHA) in 1992. It broached the concept of a Canadian historical society, donated start-up funds, loaned the group their lawyer, David Pierce, and their office manager, Theresa Sheppard, to assist with administrative tasks. The arrangement worked well until 2002 when Theresa retired and sought someone at CMCC to replace her. Dr. Jean Moss jumped

in, offering to share her talented and willing executive assistant, Margaret McCallen, with the CCHA. In 2014, the CCHA came under CMCC’s umbrella. As such, it operates under CMCC’s charitable status, enhancing its future sustainability while it remains autonomous. Membership remains a modest $100. Benefits include two issues a year of the Chiropractic History Journal from the US Association for the History of Chiropractic; hard copies of historical articles in the JCCA (courtesy of its editor in chief, Dr. Kent Stuber); updates on our library and archives; co-sponsorship of an annual student award; and the satisfaction that accompanies the preservation of our rich Canadian chiropractic heritage.

CMCC Clinic Nurse, Pauline Maher

To join send your cheque for $100 to the CCHA, 6100 Leslie Street, Toronto, Ontario M2H 3J1. You will receive a receipt for tax purposes. For information on the CCHA’s $4,000 research grant, to share stories or to donate memorabilia to the CCHA, contact



Perspectives on the Pan Am Games

Left to Right: Drs. Michelle Clarke, Lara deGraauw and Sarah Stock, Medical Team at the Mississauga Sport Centre, Drs. Glen Harris and Stephanie Anisko

Members of the CMCC community played an integral role on medical teams at the recent Toronto Pan Am and Parapan Am Games. Seven clinicians and four graduate students pursuing their sports residencies provided treatment and support to athletes throughout the Games: Drs. Lara deGraauw, Glen Harris, Scott Howitt, Mohsen Kazemi, Jaclyn Kissel, Alex Lee, Natalia Lishchyna, Kevin D’Angelo, Courtney Brown, Sean Duquette and Eric St. Onge. Some share their stories here:

full complement of professions: AT, RMT, PT, DC, MD, and paramedic. Triage was guided by the requests of the athletes and treatments shared among all manual therapists. Everyone helped out when it came to communication in Spanish, including Google.

Dr. Lara deGraauw, Host Medical Services, Badminton, Table Tennis, Water Polo, Pan Am Games and Table Tennis, Parapan Am Games “Very fond memories and experiences were had over my 13 shifts at the games. Such great interprofessional culture at the Markham ATOS centre. The team was in part experienced and in part new to the games environment which allowed for advice as well as sharing of stories. There was a

The Parapan Am teams had somewhat less support, therefore our host services were more widely used. We had the opportunity to encounter a variety of MSK conditions that may not commonly be seen such as cerebral palsy, and dystonias. With the guidance of the athlete and interpreters we were able to fulfil their needs for care.

When the visiting team had their own medical team, use of our clinic space and supplies was much appreciated. It also gave us insight into their preferred techniques with their own athletes.

The classification of para-athletes was an interesting system to

learn, each sport having their own categories of classification to compete. This community of sport is unresourced and I am looking to further work with these athletes. I really enjoyed the opportunity to volunteer at the Pan and Parapan Am games and would do it again, especially in the field of Para sports.” Dr. Glen Harris, Host Medical Services Co-medical lead at CIBC Aquatic Centre Pan Am Games and University of Toronto Scarborough Campus, Parapan Am Games Dr. Harris was appointed by the Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences (RCCSS) as a stakeholder representative to the 2015 Toronto Pan Am host medical committee. The committee was responsible for a planning and implementation strategy with Pan Am Chief Medical Officer Dr. Julia Alleyne and organized the Pan Am Congress this past April which consisted of manual therapy workshops, volunteer training and venue tours for foreign dignitaries who had yet to visit the host region.


Harris went on to volunteer for the Pan Am Games in July and served as a co-medical lead at the CIBC Aquatic Centre at the University of Toronto Scarborough camp for the Parapan Am Games in August. Dr. Scott Howitt, Core Medical Team, Team Canada “It was inspiring to be at the events to see athletes rise to the occasion and to see fans cheering like crazy for sports that generally don’t have many fans in attendance.” “There were televisions on at the clinics all the time and it was not unusual to have to stop halfway through treatment so the athletes could watch an event in which Canada was competing. Everyone would cheer, high five each other and then come back to finish the treatment.”

This October, Dr. Howitt will be presenting From the Pan Am Games – A Guide to Working with Athletes as part of CMCC’s fall CE offerings. For more information, visit the CE Catalog Dr. Mohsen Kazemi, Host Medical Services, Combat Sports, Pan Am Games “Treating at the Toronto Pan Am games was one of the best experiences I’ve had with the games. Experience was given the highest priority from a health care perspective and all first responders were selected based on ability, experience and training. No one who hadn’t used a spinal board was introduced to one during the game, where things tend to happen quickly. It was recognised for example, that practitioners had to have experience

in stabilizing the cervical spine in order to be there. We had a terrific lead for the western area – Tricia Hayton, a physiotherapist, and the Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Julia Alleyne placed the highest priority on experience and education.“

Dr. Jaclyn Kissel, Host Medical Services, European Handball, Court Volleyball, and Raquetball, Pan Am Games “It was great to meet all the practitioners with different expertise (sport MDs, athletic therapists, chiropractors, and physiotherapists). We all worked really well together and everyone was respectful. The energy and spirit of the games was great. It was nice to be a part of it.” Dr. Alex Lee, Host Medical Services, Combat Sports, Pan Am Games Wheel Chair Rugby, Parapan Am Games “I was surprised and happy to see so many DCs volunteering. They came from CMCC, NYCC and National. We all worked really well as a team. It was gratifying to have my experience as a sports specialist recognised and to be able to spend so much time on the field. As a first responder, I had to quickly determine whether an athlete could continue with the competition and to attend quickly to any injuries. It was a great interdisciplinary team-based medical service and wonderful to learn from each other – to learn how to help treat an athlete very quickly and have him/ her back on the field. I was happy to see the prevalence of utilization of chiropractic among Pan Am

competitors, for example, I treated the entire Chilean Karate team!” At the time of the first interview, Lee was looking forward to treating at the Parapan Ams and dealing with the challenges specific to para athletes, for whom injury may have an even bigger impact than than other athletes." “A shoulder or arm injury to a wheelchair athlete may impact their independence so correct management of an injury is crucial.” Additionally, if someone has a pre-existing lack of feeling, it may be difficult to determine an injury, but the speed of assessment and treatment is still crucial. It’s a challenge I’m really looking forward to.” Lee later recalled that outstanding in his experience in the Parapan Am Games was his opportunity to be present at the Wheel Chair Rugby gold medal game between Canada and the US “The quintessential game: Canada vs. US for the gold. It was just amazing to be there and watch such an exciting game and be part of it.” Dr. Natalia Lishchyna, Host Medical Services, Soccer, Pan Am Games “One team doctor specifically sought out a chiropractor to assess and treat the athletes,” she says. “I had some good conversations with team doctors who were open to all types of treatment options to ensure their athletes stayed healthy.”

FALL 2015


Admitting the right students for the future of chiropractic By: Chris McGrath, BA (Hons), MEd, Registrar CMCC is among a number of chiropractic colleges worldwide that is privileged to attract increasing numbers of students to its Doctor of Chiropractic program each year. We attribute the 20% increase in applications over the past three years to the significant strides in the ways in which we build relationships with prospective applicants. We launched our Student Ambassador and Campus Visit program, increased our inperson presence at graduate fairs and information sessions in cities across Canada, and now host robust virtual recruitment and post-offer receptions through the use of webinar technology. We have also enhanced our print materials, and introduced a series of new videos that not only feature CMCC, but also give prospective students an idea of what chiropractic is all about. And in September 2015, we launched an enhanced admissions website where applicants can more readily access important admissions information – in both standard computer and mobile formats. In addition to a higher number of applications, the quality is also increasing – as the academic qualifications of new students continues to rise steadily. However, a solid academic background is not the sole predictor in a potential

student’s success. For many years, CMCC has used an admissions interview as a means to determine whether or not an applicant has the personal qualities necessary to be a successful chiropractor. The admissions interview, along with the academic profile and personal statement, has provided a good picture of a student’s likelihood for academic and professional success at and beyond CMCC. However, a successful interview only determined whether or not a student was admissible – it was ultimately the undergraduate academic record that determined whether or not an applicant would be offered a highly sought after spot in the first year class.

Focusing on competencies In 2013, CMCC implemented the use of behaviour-based interviewing as a means to assess the personal qualities of the applicant pool. Under the leadership of Ms. Kim Kelly, Associate Registrar, the Admissions Committee identified six personal competencies that characterized a successful student and future chiropractor. This new approach to interviews allowed the Admissions Committee to assess a student’s potential as a collaborator, communicator,

manager, health advocate, scholar and professional – personal competencies and characteristics that are the foundation for success. CMCC members and alumni have been incredibly engaged in our admissions interviews across the country; and have also provided invaluable feedback with regards to the ways in which we can improve our capacity to assess these important traits among our applicant pool. In particular, interviewers have indicated that more rigour was necessary in how these competencies are assessed, which would allow for a more precise and clear picture of the applicant’s academic and professional potential.

Using the best data to find the best fit Having considered that feedback, and in assessing innovative practices in broad-based admissions across graduate and professional education, CMCC will begin to use a weighted admissions score this year to determine an applicant’s admissibility to the DC program. Each of the undergraduate academic record, admissions interview, and personal statement will be assigned individual ratings – which are then weighted as component parts of an overall admissions score. Ultimately, the applicants with the highest overall admissions scores


will be invited to join CMCC’s 75th anniversary class: the Class of 2020. Best practices in programs which used broad based admissions – that is, considering information beyond the academic record alone – have allowed those institutions to not only choose the ‘right student’ for their programs, but also ensured that the students saw their programs as ‘the right fit.’ By communicating early in the admissions process that we value six core competencies for academic and professional success, we are setting an expectation as to the type of student we not only want to attract to our program, but also what characteristics we are looking for in the future of the profession. Across Canada and the United States, graduate and professional schools have found that a rigorous and comprehensive assessment of applicants in this way helps to enhance not only application and enrolment rates, but also to improve retention and graduation rates. In addition to a call to be more rigorous in our assessment of admissions interviews, we often heard feedback from members who were unable to participate in the admissions process due to geographic limitations. As interviews are hosted in major cities across Canada, CMCC alumni who live outside of those major centres were unable to participate. The desire to increase the opportunities for members to engage in the admissions process, combined with the drive to increase

the rigour of our interviews, gave us the challenge of exploring the ways in which technology may in fact enhance our ability to do both.

An innovative approach to interviews Again, looking to best practices in graduate and professional education, we came upon a technological innovation that will not only position CMCC to be among the most innovative institutions in terms of how we admit students, but also further position us as leaders in chiropractic education. In the 2015-16 application cycle, CMCC will join the ranks of institutions like Yale, Northwestern and Notre Dame in the United States; U of T, Western, Queen's, UBC and Waterloo in Canada; and the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, by being the first chiropractic college worldwide to use a videobased platform for the admissions interview. In partnership with the Torontobased company Kira Talent, CMCC will bring its behaviour-based interview process online – where applicants invited to participate in an admissions interview will do so in an elegant online video environment. The platform makes the admissions interview more geographically accessible for applicants (many of whom travel long distances to major centres across the country), and allows for greater efficiency in the administration of this important part of the interview

process. For interview assessors, the video platform will allow for consistency of representation across assessment teams (consisting of a CMCC alumnus, a faculty member , and a Year IV student), increased geographic accessibility for member participation, and also allow assessors to spend more time in thoughtful consideration of their assessment of applicant competencies. Assessors will be able to view and review videos on a question by question basis, and use the newly developed assessment rubric to provide a rating for each question. While the applicant will still spend approximately 20 minutes ‘interviewing’, the period during which their questions are assessed grows exponentially, as assessors will log into the Kira system, and assess applicants over a multi-week period. Roger Martin, former Dean of the Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto, and Forbes Magazine’s #3 Most Influential Business Thinker in the World asserts that the Kira Talent platform “creates an ability for us to have a three dimensional view of the applicant, not just the two dimensional file we have.” We have every confidence that this platform will enhance our ability to reliably assess our applicant pool across both quantitative and qualitative variables – thereby giving us the greatest data set possible to bring in the next generation of chiropractors and health care leaders.

FALL 2015


Students of the School of Alberta Ballet perform Les Sylphides in their 2015 year end performance. Photograph by Paul McGrath

Making sure the show goes on By Sharon Aschaiek “Working with dancers, for a chiropractor, is like a child going into a candy store. It really has everything that we work with as chiropractors,” says chiropractor Dr. Jan Ellefsen (Class of ‘95). Whether on a stage, a mat or the ice, professional dancers push their bodies to their ultimate limits to move in ways that reflect their skill, artistry and physical prowess. And what helps these dancers, skaters and gymnasts continue to perform safely and to the best of their ability are the specialized services provided by dance-focused chiropractors such as Ellefsen. As a niche client population within his practice at Kinesis Health Associates in Dartmouth, NS, dancers provide him with the opportunity to use his full range of knowledge and expertise when treating injuries and providing guidance. Since dancers use much more of their bodies, and on a more regular basis, than most people, and since their physical wellbeing is critical to

their livelihoods, Ellefsen enjoys getting to use a wide variety of interventions with a population that is highly motivated to heal. “It’s a breath of fresh air to see their determination and energy to recover, they don’t want to let anything stand in their way,” Ellefsen says. The techniques Ellefsen uses when working with dancers include extremity, spinal and movement pattern assessments; extremity and spinal adjustments; active release technique; activator adjusting; and injury management. His clinic also offers services and modalities such as ultrasound, shockwave therapy, cold laser therapy, short-wave diathermy and interferential current therapy. He’ll use one or more of these approaches to treat dancers’ overused and/or injured muscles and joints and to increase functionality and range of motion in the body parts causing them the most problems, which typically include the neck, shoulders, back, hips, ribs and feet.


"It’s good to work with dancers because they are very motivated to get better or stay in as good shape as possible. I’ve never had anyone say, I don’t feel like doing this exercise. They are eating up everything I have to say and they’re very appreciative," Peter Lejkowski (Class of '09) Ellefsen’s dance clients perform in a variety of styles, including classical, modern, hip hop and square dancing. He works regularly with a variety of local dance companies and organizations, including Halifax Dance, Leica Hardy School of Dance, The Woods, and the Square and Round Dance Federation of Nova Scotia. While dancers comprise a relatively small part of his clientele — he estimates up to 20% — he says working with the community has been very fulfilling. “It is a very rewarding part of the practice that is a completely different aspect of care than you’d normally deal with when working with the average person that comes in for treatments,” he says. “You are dealing with people that are highly driven, and demanding a lot of their bodies, and coming with many different types of presentation than you’d normally see day to day.” Dancers also make up about one fifth of the practice of Dr. Peter Lejkowski (Class of ‘09), a Toronto sports chiropractor certified as an acupuncturist who works at Pivot Sport Medicine and Orthopaedics, and at wellness consultancy Propel Active. When he’s not working with recreational and elite-level hockey, rugby and taekwondo athletes, he

is treating dancers in his role as company chiropractor for Ballet Jörgen Canada, which operates out of and partners with George Brown College. He also works from time to time with other dancers referred to his practice by local dance schools.

neck and shoulder pain. What’s more, he says, dancers also sustain unique injuries from characteristics of their lifestyle related to their dance careers. “Touring dance companies spend a lot of time on the road in vans, and half the time, the dancers are sleeping in these vans. That puts a whole other strain on the body,” Lejkowski says. In addition to the diverse range of physical problems to solve, another main highlight of working with dancers, Lejkowski says, is that the same intensity they invest into their dancing, they bring with them into the chiropractor’s office. From his experience, because dancers care so much about optimizing their abilities, they are very keen to seek help for and manage their injuries.

Lejkowski likewise appreciates the range of skills and interventions he can use with dancers, and says the work becomes even more nuanced according to each performer’s style of dance. For example, he says female ballet dancers may have more bruised ribs because of getting thrown and caught by their fellow male performers, or more lower back pain as a result of performing an arabesque, while contemporary dancers may show up with more sprained ankles or

“It’s good to work with dancers because they are very motivated to get better or stay in as good shape as possible. I’ve never had anyone say, I don’t feel like doing this exercise. They are eating up everything I have to say and they’re very appreciative," he says. At the same time, however, dancers’ strong commitment to their artform can lead them to dance even when their bodies can’t really take it. And compounding matters, is their demanding schedule of practices and

FALL 2015


performances which can make it difficult for them to sufficiently commit to chiropractic. These are problems Dr. Jessica Hiebert (Class of ‘08) regularly encounters in her role as the chiropractor for the School of Alberta Ballet and in her private practice, Dr. For Moms Chiropractic and Wellness, of which dancers, gymnasts and figure skaters make up one quarter of the clientele. “Dancers will dance through the pain. For them to be sitting out is not in their best interest. The teachers definitely want them to be dancing,” Hiebert says. “Plus, a dancer doesn't always seek help right away, because with their busy schedules, it's difficult for them to make it happen.” Hiebert has been trying to counteract the obstacles facing School of Alberta Ballet dance students by placing a greater emphasis on education and preventive care. She meets regularly with the school’s dance teachers to discuss the students’ most common injuries, how they relate to specific dance moves, and how the students can avoid them. This way, she says, the teachers are better able to look for signs of limited functionality or poor symmetry in students before they might evolve into a

full-blown injury, and refer them to Hiebert for proactive intervention and advice. “It’s one thing to take an injured body and help to rehabilitate that body, but it's really cool to be able to take someone and actually improve the mechanics so they can be better. It’s looking at it from a different perspective,” she says. As interesting and rewarding as it can be to work with dancers, Lejkowski says it’s important to be realistic about how much business this niche practice area can generate. He says this is because most professional dancers in Canada tend to earn relatively modest incomes, and dance companies tend to have limited budgets for how much chiropractic care they can offer their members. But for him, the highlight of working with and supporting this creative and driven population outweigh any concerns about financial rewards. “You have to realize you’re trying to make a difference versus a purely monetary motivation,” he says. Still, Lejkowski finds other ways to be financially successful and stay active in his work with dancers. In


It’s one thing to take an injured body and help to rehabilitate that body, but it's really cool to be able to take someone and actually improve the mechanics so they can be better. It’s looking at it from a different perspective, Jessica Hiebert (Class of '08)

addition to his practice, he is also a faculty member at CMCC. As well, he is involved with the Performing Arts Medicine Association (PAMA), an organization comprised of medical professionals, artists, educators and administrators dedicated to improving the health care of performing artists. He volunteers for the group’s annual regional meeting planning committee, has been a speaker at its events, and is involved in its effort to collaborate with the Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine.

to Hiebert, who was a figure skater for 15 years in her youth, and who is still deeply involved in the local skating community. Her outreach efforts involve writing a community newsletter for a leading figure skating business in Calgary and sponsoring local skate and dance competitions. She is also part of an adult synchronized skating team, which is first and foremost a pursuit of passion, but which also helps her better relate to her clients’ physical challenges.

that is. You have to be where they are, and integrated in what they’re doing…They want to know that you understand them,” Hiebert says, adding, “The more you move towards what you love, the more those people are drawn to your practice.”

Sharon Aschaiek is a professional education writer who provides writing services to colleges, universities, private schools and education associations.

“You have to get in front of your population of people, however

Likewise, Ellefsen has been collaborating with Dance Scotia, a dance umbrella agency in his province, to develop workshops for dance teachers. A recent workshop was geared to instructors who work with seniors, and focused partly on helping participants better understand the physical challenges and limitations of this population from a chiropractic perspective. Of course, as can be the case for any chiropractic specialty, effective marketing is key to attracting dance clients to your practice. That’s something that comes quite easily

FALL 2015


Passage: Dr. Donald Campbell Sutherland CMCC’s first president

Donald Sutherland has been lauded throughout his career as a brilliant chiropractic administrator. From soldier to first class administrator, his leadership and mediation skills supported him in his path to move CMCC forward through crucial milestones and leave a positive legacy for the profession in Canada. Born in 1921, he served in WWII in the 5th Canadian Armoured Division. Upon returning to Canada he married his wife, Mabel, and chose a chiropractic career via the newly minted CMCC. He graduated in 1950, and began practicing in the vicinity of Coxwell Avenue and O’Conner Street in Toronto (Old East York Village). During this time, he would become deeply involved in the inner workings and politics of chiropractic, supporting the profession and positively impacting CMCC for years to come.

As stated by Dr. Doug Brown (Class of ‘55), “Dr. Sutherland’s administrative skills are legendary. Between 1956 and 1968, he held several posts concurrently, serving as Executive Director of the Canadian Chiropractic Association (CCA) (a post he held until 1976), Executive Director of the Ontario Chiropractic Association (OCA), Director of Public Relations for CMCC and founding editor of the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association (JCCA),” the latter of which he saw as an ideal vehicle to communicate with the provincial associations. The 1960s were pivotal years in chiropractic and during those years, the profession grew to become a significant player in primary health care across Canada.

He was at the centre of all planning for the Hall Commission, chaired by Chief Justice Emmett Hall, who was appointed by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. The Hall Commission was the first of 10 Royal Commissions over a 12-year period. It was this commission that would set out the manner in which the CCA, provincial associations and CMCC responded to matters of health services in the future. In 1967, as a member of CMCC’s planning committee, Sutherland helped negotiate the crucial real estate deal that allowed CMCC to move from its location on Bloor Street to improved facilities on Bayview Avenue. It was essential that the institution move, due to a city expropriation of land and property damage during the building of the Toronto subway line.

23 This same year, Sutherland realized the need for international agreement on chiropractic education and practice and helped to organize an international panel of chiropractors during the CCA Convention in Montreal. Those representatives agreed to form the World Chiropractic Organizaton at the May 1968 European Chiropractic Union (ECU) conference in Burgenstock, Switzerland. From this start, the World Federation of Chiropractic would evolve. Sutherland was named CMCC President in 1976, a time when his leadership and political ability enabled him to move CMCC to a presidential system of governance, and through this new structure, he was able to influence its continued development. He worked hard to form a Council on Chiropractic Education Canada that would pursue a reciprocity agreement with the CCE (USA), serving on several CCE committees. CMCC was granted accreditation status by CCE Canada in March of 1982, just a year before his retirement. Dr. Sutherland received many honours for his efforts over the years, including the CCA Medal of Merit, the Queen’s Jubilee Medal (1977) and an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the National College of Chiropractors. According to Dr. Doug Brown, who was Chair of the Board of Governors during Sutherland’s tenure as President, “By the time Dr. Sutherland stepped down, he had formalized a presidential system of governance, transforming CMCC from an institution similar

in some respects to a proprietary trade school, into an internationally recognized institute of higher learning, with a reputation for financial stability, academic excellence and acclaimed research. His achievements have been recognized by many honours and citations, however, Dr. Sutherland’s

most heart-warming award has been granted by his grateful peers, who fondly remember him as “The Gentle Giant of Canadian Chiropractic.”

CMCC is hosting a celebration of life for Dr. Sutherland during its Remembrance Day ceremony.

Reflections A fine man and a great chiropractor. Served the profession with excellence and diligence. I remember his Principles class and the effect it had on me. He wasn’t afraid to teach the class the principles of innate or subluxation. I will always remember him with fondness and respect. Dr. Keith Thomson (Class of 78) Dr. Sutherland was a gentleman and a role model in his lifelong service to our profession. He spent his entire career working to see chiropractic as an equal partner in the fabric of Canadian health care. I have fond memories beginning at 252 Bloor Street and onwards into my years of practice of Dr. Sutherland's very prominent role at our chiropractic conferences across Canada. He left his mark on chiropractic at home and abroad. He will be missed. Dr. Ken Goldie (Class of ‘66) Dr. Sutherland’s achievements over the past 48 years have been instrumental in the positive development of chiropractic in Canada. He has done so much to promote national unity within the profession. He has ensured the development of national standards of practice and national standards of chiropractic education. He has successfully promoted the cooperation of chiropractors with other health care professionals through interdisciplinary study and research. Many of the significant advancements over the past 50 years within chiropractic had their roots in his work. Dr. Jean Moss, CMCC President Emerita (Class of '70) Dr. Sutherland was President when I became involved with CMCC in 1976. He was an impressive figure, tall in stature and eloquent in dialogue. He was a gentleman’s gentleman in the manner with which he conducted himself, always maintaining a professional demeanour. I can’t recall a time when he expressed himself with inappropriate language or was disrespectful of the opinions of other people. There were times when CMCC was faced with the usual issues of an educational institution during our interactions, but Dr. Sutherland was always able to keep a calm approach to the difficulties and was receptive to the opinions of others. He was a stalwart leader of CMCC during its early years. Allan M. Freedman, LLB (CMCC Legal Counsel)

FALL 2015


Passage: Dr. Oryst Swyszcz Director, Integrated Learning CCMC

It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of a longtime member of our faculty, Dr. Oryst Swyszcz. Dr. Swyszcz graduated from CMCC in 1979 and worked in private practice for many years. In 1986, he welcomed his sister, Dr. Orysia Swyszcz, also a graduate of CMCC as an associate until the early 2000s. In 1992 he joined CMCC as Assistant Professor. Dr. Swyszcz was held in very high regard and extremely well liked across the institution by those who worked directly with him, those who studied with him and those who shared greetings with him as they passed in the halls. Professionally, he became an education coordinator in 2003, and in 2011, took on the role of Director of Integrated Learning, where he

oversaw CMCC’s Simulation Lab. Dr. Marion McGregor, Acting Dean, Graduate Education and Research Programs, recalls Swyszcz’ early contributions to the establishment of the Simulation Laboratory: “Oryst shared with us, as colleagues and friends alike, his thoughtful and kind presence. I remember when we were looking at the construction of the Simulation Lab. He took it upon himself to determine the media-based technology that would best meet the needs of our students. He solved numerous challenges that we faced, trying to fit the multiple demands in the Simulation Lab into the space available – and did so with grace and humour, when both were in short supply. I will miss him greatly, both personally and professionally.” Dr. Dominic Giuliano, who

coordinated the Simulation Laboratory from 2011 to 2015, remembers him as “a true gentleman, an absolute scholar and just a great guy all around!” His research focused on medical education and he contributed to the Journal of Chiropractic Education, among others. He served as a reviewer for the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics and for the Association of Standardized Patients. Within CMCC he was involved in many areas of the institution including the Budget Development Group, the Academic Affairs Committee, the Curriculum Planning Working Group, and the Admissions Committee. He coordinated and moderated grand rounds, the HPD (History, Physical

25 and Diagnosis) assessments, and year end OSCE examinations. Dr. Swyszcz was widely admired and made a lasting impression among the students, fellow faculty and staff at CMCC, many of whom have shared stories of his thoughtfulness, humour and encouragement – stories of his love of hockey (which extended to taking on the role of coach of the women’s hockey team), of the memorable ways he taught students to stay cognisant of their patients, and repeatedly, of his every day kindness.

In Memoriam

Dr. Roy E. Anderson (Class of ’50)

Dr. Robert Armitage (Class of ’97)

Dr. Raymond Garant (Class of ’58)

Dr. Richard De Camillis, (Class of ’80)

Reflections I remember Oryst as one of the best pure technique instructors our profession ever produced. To this day, I hear his voice in my mind when I adjust a cervical spine doesn't matter when you're ready, you have to wait for the patient to be ready. So much sage advice he shared with all of us. Dr. Shawn Thistle I, along with all of his peers, will cherish the warmth, generosity and wry humor that he shared with us. I am a better teacher, chiropractor, and person for having had the privilege of being his friend. Dr. Jason Pajaczkowski I have the most wonderful memories of Oryst. He was an amazing friend and boss. My condolences go out to his family. He loved and was so proud of his boys and spoke so lovingly of his wife. My prayers are with those who loved him and grieve his passing. He was truly one in a million. RIP my friend. Kathy Carless (Administrative Assistant to the Dean '07 - '09) On behalf of the CMCC community, we send our condolences to his wife Gail, his three sons, two grandsons and his sister Orysia Swyszcz, DC.

Dr. Paul Sorlie (Class of ’73)

Dr. Thomas S. Harpley (Class of 53)

Dr Edward Dodd (Class of ’65)

Dr. Margaret Davies (Class of ‘09)

CMCC is grateful to its supporters who have thought to include a donation to CMCC in recognition of the passing of their loved one. Memorial cards are available through Donation Services at 416 482 2340 ext. 194.

FALL 2015


Donations The McMorland Family Research Chair in Mechanobiology Guerriero Enterprises Inc. Metagenics Canada Springwall Sleep Products Inc. The Co-operators Group Insurance Dr. Sean Y. Abdulla Dr. Evelyn Bak Dr. Annette Bourdon Dr. Elaine Dembe Dr. Douglas A. Donbrook Dr. Pala Gillis Ms. Lynne Hodgson Dr. Craig D. Johannes Mr. George Keller Dr. Rajiv Laroiya Dr. Joyce G. Lee Dr. Claude Matte Ms. Raheela Shaikh Dr. Edward Shin & Mrs. Marie Aragona-Shin Dr. Ronald G. Stoley Mr. Nicholas S. Tantalo Dr. Rodney A. Thompson Dr. John J. Triano Dr. Kent Winterstein Awards and Scholarships Annex Publishing & Printing Inc. College of Chiropractic Sciences Dr. Eric Crane Footmaxx of Canada, Inc. Ms. Margaret McCallen Mrs. Barbara Newbigging Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences Canada Mrs. Brenda Smith General Donations & Gifts in Kind Active and Innovative Inc. Advertek Ampere Limited Ascenta Health Ltd. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Cofely Adelt Mechanical Works Ltd. Costco Markahm 151 Dembar Financial Services/ Healthcare Financial Group Dr. A. Ronald Elford Charitable Foundation

(May 1, 2015 - August 31, 2015)

Food Basics Heine Instruments Canada Ltd. HoMedics Group Canada Indivica Inc. Investment Guild Ontario Blue Cross Prevention Pharmaceuticals Remington Medical Equipment Ltd. Running Free Springwall Sleep Products Inc. TBG Landscape Inc. Teqtronix International Inc. The Co-operators Group Insurance The Orthotic Group Welch Allyn Canada Ltd. Dr. Anthony G. Adams Mr. David Boldovitch Mrs. Bruna Brown Ms. Geraldine Chen Mr. Allan M. Freedman Mrs. Joy Gryfe Mrs. Eileen Hugli Mrs. Gloria Mandris Dr. Moez H. Rajwani Dr. David Wickes Ms. Tina Wylie In Memoriam Donations Canadian Chiropractic Protective Association Sellars Chiropractic & Wellness Centre Abundant Health and Wellness Chiropractic Breathe Chiropractic Physiomed Maple Summerhill Group Belleville Integrative Health Centre I've Got Your Back Dr. Elizabeth Angelevski Dr. Brian Baizley Dr. Laura Barfoot Ms. Mara Bartolucci Dr. Shaun Batte Mr. Edward Bennett Ms. Patricia Berry Dr. Darren J. Braun Dr. & Mrs. Douglas M. Brown Dr. Kenneth Budgell

Mrs. Margaret Butkovic Mrs. Janice E. Carroll Dr. Claudia Casella Dr. Sarah Chajka Dr. Sumon Chakrabarti Ms. Geraldine Chen Dr. Catherine Chu Dr. Michael Ciolfi Dr. Lisa Clarke Dr. Amy Crinklaw Dr. Melissa Cutler Dr. Christine Davidian Dr. Jodie Doran Ms. Violeta Dukic Dr. Matthew Forgie Dr. Ian Fraser Mr. Robert Frazier Dr. Marissa L. Gelinas Mrs. Laurie Gilmore Dr. Adrian S. Grice & Mrs. Ruth Grice Dr. David A. Gryfe Dr. Karin F. Hammerich Dr. Melissa Hartman Dr. E. Kitchener Hayman Dr. Ceara Higgins Ms. Lynne Hodgson Dr. Sabrina Hooper Dr. Scott Howitt Mr. Thomas Husebye Dr. Stephen H. Injeyan & Dr. Julita Injeyan Josh & Robyn Jamieson Dr. Karen Johnson Dr. Rahim Karim Mrs. Kimberley Kelly Dr. Peter S. Y. Kim Dr. Tricia Kingsley Dr. Myroslava Kumka Dr. Naomi D. Kupferstein Dr. Melanie Lachapelle Dr. J. Donald Langford Mrs. Lorraine Langford Cecilia & Manuel Lim Jr. Dr. Katie Lingard Dr. Octavian C. Lucaciu Dr. Jenna Macfarlane Mr. Greg MacMullin Dr. Sandra J. Malpass


Dr. Allan G. Martin Dr. Lawrence J. McCarthy Dr. Marion McGregor & Dr. Jay Triano Ms. Crystal McNeil Dr. Jordan A. Millar Dr. Mikel R. Miller Dr. Stephen Mogatas Dr. Trevor D. Morrison Dr. Jean A. Moss Dr. Jullin Negahban Mrs. Barbara Newbigging Dr. Ashley K. Oakey Ms. Peggy Poole Dr. Kimberly M. Richter Mr. Fred Rickey Ms. Susan Rutherford Ms. Caitlin Ryan Dr. Amy Samcoe Dr. Brian D. Schut Dr. Matthew J. Serrick Dr. Inger Simonsen & Dr. Kwong Chiu Dr. William M. Smith Dr. Karen A. Smith Dr. Laura Solway Dr. Brynne E. Stainsby Dr. David J. Starmer Dr. Igor Steiman Dr. Linsay Sunderland Dr. Dean Tapak Mr. Rob Tavenor Dr. Marcia Veitch Dr. Steve P. Viljakainen Mr. Hans Vogler Dr. Jane E. Weber Dr. David I. West Dr. David Wickes Dr. Robert M. & Mrs. Anne Wingfield Mr. Douglas Wood Dr. Stefanie Yao Dr. Erik Yuill

Thank you for participating in CMCC’s 2015 profession survey The survey assists CMCC in determining the satisfaction with the services CMCC provides and offers insights into areas where we can continue to develop or improve. Responses from the 2015 survey will assist CMCC administration in developing the next multi-year strategic plan. Best practices were identified in areas of research, high admission standards and enhancing the professional reputation of chiropractic in Canada. Responses encourage CMCC to continue on its path of innovation and to strive to meet high standards of administrative excellence.

0.85 81% 0.8 % of Respondents who Rated 0.75 Satisfaction with CMCC as 0.7 Good or Excellent 0.65

81% 78%


0.6 2009




Survey Administration Year

Thank you to both CMCC alumni and non-alumni who shared their valued perspectives and opinions regarding CMCC and its role within the profession. Of note, 17 per cent of survey respondents identified as non-alumni, demonstrating a high level of engagement with the institution.

We are grateful for your support

We extend our sincere appreciation to those who have made gifts to CMCC. If you have a correction to this list or would like more information about making a donation, please call Donation Services at 416 482 2340 ext. 194.

FALL 2015


CMCC Continuing Education Take it to the next level |

Seminars From the Pan Am Games A Guide to Working with Athletes

6 CE hours October 17, 2015 CMCC Dr. Scott Howitt Fresh from his service as Team Canada chiropractor and a member of the Health and Science team at the 2015 Toronto Pan Am games, Dr. Scott Howitt will share his insights on how to make a meaningful difference in the lives of athletes and impact their performance at high profile sporting events. Member: $145 Non-Member: $175

TMJ: Review Diagnosis & Treatment

6 CE hours October 17, 2015 Ottawa, ON Dr. Matthew Barrigar An intensive one-day course that will cover the latest published diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders correlating them to biomechanics and pathophysiology. A review of the history and physical exam for patients with a TMJ complaint, differential diagnoses, inter-professional co-management, treatment plans and hands-on therapies are also covered in the program. Member: $185 Non-member: $225

New Frontiers in the Matrix of Myofascial Pain

7.5 CE hours November 7, 2015 CMCC Dr. Jay P. Shah Dr. Shah will address the unique neurobiological basis of muscle pain and the characteristics, evaluation and diagnostic criteria of myofascial pain and its effective treatment with dry needling techniques. This session is also approved for ACO hours. Member: $200 Non-Member: $225


6 CE hours November 14, 2015 in Vancouver, BC March 12, 2016 in Toronto, ON Dr. Andrew Robb If you have patients presenting with complex shoulder injuries and dysfunction this is the perfect opportunity for you to advance your skills and learn how to provide effective treatment. Building on his research interests and extensive hands-on experience with baseball players; Dr. Andrew Robb will share valuable insights on the pathophysiology of injuries typically encountered in practice.

Member: $185 Non-member: $225

Winter Radiology

6 CE hours – 1 session February 6, 2015 Ottawa, ON Dr. John Taylor This interactive seminar will cover trending topics in spine imaging. Through highly engaging demonstrations and presentation; participants will learn MR imaging basics, how to navigate imaging software and better interpret images and reports from radiologists to increase diagnostic accuracy. Member: $225 Non-member: $265

A Chiropractic Guide to Treating Paediatric Patients 6 CE hours April 23, 2016 CMCC Dr. Elise Hewitt The objective of this seminar is to increase confidence of chiropractors when treating young children from infant to pre-school age. Dr. Hewitt will address how to best record background information, when and why children may need to be adjusted and what the literature says about the safety and effectiveness of spinal adjusting in children. Through demonstration with an infant mannequin and reference to video clips of actual treatment sessions, learn how to safely adjust paediatric patients. Member: $250 Non-Member: $285



Learning is only a click away. We offer a variety of online courses that you can take from the comfort of your home or while you’re on the go. For our most up-to-date list of course offerings, stay tuned at

manipulation is small and the risk is high. Current research does not support the presence of a causal association between cervical spine adjustment and stroke, yet controversy about the relative safety of neck manipulation remains prevalent.

The Canadian Chiropractic Guideline Initiative

Member: $60 Non-member: $54

3 CE hours Dr. Shawn Thistle, Dr. André Bussières and Connie Davis Delivered in association with the CCA, this free webinar presents the latest evidence, informing neck pain practice guidelines and selfmanagement strategies with brief action planning. More than theory this program delivers practical approaches that are highly relevant in today's clinical setting.

The Intervertebral Disc

2 CE hours Dr. Mark Erwin Building out from the cutting edge evidence of his ongoing research, Dr. Mark Erwin will clarify the pathobiology of disc degeneration and approaches to develop appropriate therapeutic strategies, particularly for practitioners who apply manual therapy. Member: $60 Non-member: $54

Cervical Spine Adjustment and Stroke

2 CE hours Dr. Pierre Côté and Dr. John J. Triano This course is designed to challenge the notion that the benefit of neck

Certificate Program AMA Guides to Impairment Rating

44 CE hours – 6 sessions October 22 to 25 (Fall) and April 28 to May 1, 2016 (Winter) CMCC, Toronto, ON Dr. Steven Yeomans, Dr. Rocco Guerriero and guests Presented in association with the Canadian Society of Chiropractic Evaluators, this didactic course deals with methods of evaluation necessary to determine the presence, nature and extent of Whole Person Impairment of musculoskeletal, neurological and other body systems. The AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment, fourth edition, will be utilized in the course. Member/CSCE: $1,450 Non-member: $1,550

To register and browse our latest course offerings, stay tuned at

FALL 2015


Future plans Four chiropractic couples from the Class of ’15 whose career paths are taking them across Canada Zehra Gajic and Everett Gerretsen Drs. Zehra Gajic and Everett Gerretsen headed to Maple Ridge, BC, just two days after graduation to prepare their new practice, Maple Ridge Wellness Centre at 22230 North Avenue. The couple met in first year at CMCC and have been able to plan their practice and source a location in this growing community on the outskirts of Vancouver. “We were lucky to find something downtown, towards the east end,” says Gerretsen. The couple’s vision for the centre includes modalities such as laser therapy, other electrotherapies, flexion-distraction, and nutritional and metabolic profiling. Over time, they plan to expand their practice to include a registered massage therapist, an acupuncturist, a naturopath and a family physician. The couple is looking forward to working with Gerretsen’s sister, a holistic nutritionist and personal trainer, and plans to recruit his younger sister to help as well.

Gajic is originally from Ontario’s Niagara region but has had the opportunity to visit her new community several times. She appreciates the fact that it feels like a small town but is close to Vancouver and is enthusiastic about the moderate climate BC offers. When Primary Contact spoke with Gajic, she was looking forward to


biking through the Okanagan Valley as well as a trip to Barbados in July, before settling into practice. As dog lovers, they also hope to find the perfect “clinic dog,” to keep them company and lift the spirits of their patients.

Sarah Warren and Matthew Williams Drs. Sarah Warren and Matthew Williams have moved to Fredericton, NB to begin their practice. After looking at the number of chiropractors in Fredericton compared to its population and the opportunity to be close to Williams’ family, Warren says it was the right choice. When we spoke just a few weeks before graduation, the couple had already found a property and was planning to open an interdisciplinary practice offering collaborative, patient-centred care, inspired by the treatment offered by the academic family health care team at the clinic at St. Michael’s Hospital. Williams had always planned on working an externship and did so with Dr. Matt Cochran (Class of ‘09) at the University of New Brunswick (UNB). When we spoke to Warren in Toronto, she explained that Williams had recently been accepted to UNB for his Master of Science, which he will complete concurrently with his Sports Residency through the Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences. Warren plans to begin her MBA in September, seeing it as a valuable resource for managing the clinic and opening doors later on.

If it seems like a lot of hours, it’s nothing they aren’t used to. Class and study time at CMCC is more than a full time job; and the couple also led a soft tissue group and were trainers for a number of sports teams. Warren has been playing and coaching hockey and acting as a peer tutor. Williams finished his clinic numbers early and returned to his hometown in May to begin his externship and oversee clinic renovations. Following their engagement in February 2014, the couple has spent their spare time sourcing and renovating their clinic while planning their September 2015 wedding.

Jonathan Hawkins and Brenna MacPhail Drs. Jonathan Hawkins and Brenna MacPhail are taking the road less travelled and heading to Whitehorse, Yukon to begin their practice. “We based our plans on where we wanted to live,” says

MacPhail. The couple were looking for a rural location that offered them the kind of active outdoor lifestyle they both enjoy. “We travelled to Whitehorse in January, thinking that we would see it at its worst, to gauge whether or not it was for us.” It turned out to be an atypical winter and the couple left Toronto’s -15 degrees C, only to land in Whitehorse at zero degrees! Despite not being able to experience a typical Whitehorse winter day, they decided that they liked what they saw. Whitehorse has a young, growing population and among its 28,000 residents, there are only a handful of practitioners, making it attractive to a couple who thrive on adventure. MacPhail, originally from Perth ON, has been active during her four years at CMCC. At the end of Year I, she joined the 2013 Unleash Your Potential team, cycling from Victoria, BC to Halifax, NS, to raise awareness of the importance of regular exercise and nutritious

FALL 2015

32 for interprofessional collaboration,” says Mitchell, who introduced friends from Queen's Universtity and from the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine to CMCC, and was able to continue their care once they finished the study. At graduation this year, Mitchell received the Harold Beasley Award for Excellence in Jurisprudence and the Scott Wilson citizenship award based on volunteering within the local community. Both Mitchell and Milljour have been interested in learning a variety of techniques.

food among Canadian youth. She was also active on the World Congress of Chiropractic Students, on the Board of Directors as Treasurer and the North American representative during her third and fourth year. Hawkins is originally from Guelph ON, and has remained active in soccer, running CMCC’s soccer team for the past three years as well as playing on a local Toronto team. The pair participated in CMCC’s Chiropractic Outreach to the Dominican this past year and were among the team that treated almost 1,200 patients over eight days. The couple look forward to opening Chilkoot Chiropractic and Rehabilitation Center in late fall.

Kaitlyn Mitchell and Brent Milljour Dr. Kaitlyn Mitchell began seeing a chiropractor at the age of eight and dancing at the age of five. She met Dr. Brent Milljour while they were in second year at CMCC. A committed hockey fan, Milljour played on the CMCC team and joined Mitchell for the competitions at the dance school, where she continued to teach while at CMCC. He gradually became more interested in the dance community. “With his physical education degree, Brent has qualifications to teach dance as well,” says Mitchell. “Dancers are incredibly rewarding to work with, since they are so aware of their own bodies.” While at CMCC, Mitchell and Milljour worked with Dr. Howard Vernon, helping to recruit patients for CMCC’s neck pain study. “It was a great opportunity

The two have been planning a practice together and found a clinic in Listowel, ON, that they are looking forward to taking over in the fall. Mitchell plans to stay involved in the dance world and continue teaching while establishing the practice. Milljour has his sights on joining the local hockey team as well. They were both interested in the idea of practicing in a smaller area where they could get involved with the community and enjoy the freedom offered by reduced commute times. It’s a big move for Milljour, originally from Winnipeg MB, but he’s become close to Mitchell’s family in Ontario and is looking forward to the next step in his career.


CMCC Research Symposium Chiropractic Management of Lumbar Disc Protrusion/Herniation February 27-28, 2016 Join your colleagues at CMCC and engage with leading international minds and their work in chiropractic technique and research in the management of lumbar disc protrusion/herniation. More information coming soon. Stay tuned!

FALL 2015


Congratulations to our graduates!


FALL 2015




June 5 – 6 at CMCC Connecting Friends & Memories

CMCC’s 66th Homecoming took place Friday, June 5 and Saturday, June 6. This year, we welcomed the Classes of ’50, ’55, ’60, ’65, ’70, ’75, ’80, ’85, ’90, ’95, ’00, ’05,’10 and ‘14 to celebrate their milestone anniversaries and the 70th anniversary of CMCC.

The activities included a meeting of the Canadian Chiropractic Historical Association (see page 12), and the first Backs in Motion Fundraising Challenge, won by the Class of ’65. Continuing Education speakers included Drs. Terry and Alicia

Yochum, Sil Mior, Gordon McMorland, Wilbour Kelsick and Gilles Fournier. Fournier, a member of the Class of ‘90, travelled from Denmark with his wife, Dr. Bettina Jensen, also a member of the Class of ’90, to participate in this special weekend.


FALL 2015



Ontario BackSwing 2015

The weather cleared up just in time for a nice, cool afternoon of golf on Wednesday, September 9 at DiamondBack Golf Club in Richmond Hill. This year’s winner for longest drive for women was Shirley Levy, while Dr. Peter Kim won in the men’s 50 and over category and Dr. Ed Cambridge won for the men’s Under 50. Katherine Tersigni won Closest to the Pin at Hole #12 in the women’s category and Ron Brown won for the men, at Hole #15. First place goes to the team of Mark Armstrong, Pat Jones and Drs. Adam Armstrong and Al Jones, with a score of 61.

After a great day on the green, 114 guests enjoyed dinner and presentations and had an opportunity to participate in a live auction on items such as cooking classes, an estate planning package, housecleaning for a year and a ClubLink gold resort package. A silent auction was held in the clubhouse with proceeds going to support CMCC education, research and patient care. Congratulations to the winners and thank you to everyone who participated and supported chiropractic education and research at CMCC.

FALL 2015


What if you could contribute to chiropractic education and research to improve the health of your community?

FALL 2015 Volume 52 / Issue 3 Primary Contact is published three times a year by the Division of Marketing and Communications at CMCC. Your opinions, comments, and input are important to us. Do you have suggestions for topics we can cover? Phone: 416 482 2340 ext. 217 Fax: 416 482 3629

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You can. CMCC and its facilities represent the future of chiropractic in Canada. From 252 Bloor to 1900 Bayview to 6100 Leslie, our potential has expanded to fill each new environment, exceeded only by our commitment to the profession and to patients. Executive Editor: Shannon Clark Contributing Editors/Writers: Sharon Aschaiek Mara Bartolucci Dr. Doug Brown Kavita Dogra Lynne Hodgson Michael Radoslav Steve Zoltai Art Director: Puja Malhotra

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Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College

Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College

Practice OpportUnity ‘16 Wednesday, February 17, 2016 CMCC — CCPA Hall

12:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m.

Are you looking to... • Sell your practice? • Find an associate? • Learn about products and services available to you? Registration is now open for Practice OpportUnity ’16. Meet and interact with CMCC students and industry professionals including associated business vendors. For exhibitor or display information, or to register: Web: Phone: 416 482 2340/1 800 669 2959 ext. 200 Email: We welcome new sponsors for 2016. Please contact for more information on the opportunities available. Gold Sponsor

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Primary Contact Fall 2015  
Primary Contact Fall 2015