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**Please call in with number of animals (434) 969-4261. POULTRY: Physical Exam: can establish the general health of a bird, the laying status of hens, and can detect external parasites. $5.00 Mareks A viral disease of chickens, turkey, quail, and pheasants. It has an airborne spread and can travel for miles. Vaccination is preventative and most chicks purchased from a hatchery are vaccinated the day they hatch. All farm-raised birds that were not vaccinated at a hatchery should be vaccinated once in their life. $3.00 General Parasites Poultry are susceptible to a wide range of intestinal worms, lung worms, and external parasites. Limiting the number of birds and rotating their grazing areas will limit but not prevent parasite issues. A direct fecal exam will detect most internal parasites. Appropriate deworming medications will be recommended. $5.00 Salmonella Pullorum This is a virulent diarrheal disease of chickens that has been almost eradicated due to the National Poultry Improvement Program (NPIP) . Poultry to be shown at fairs or exhibitions must be tested within 90 days of the show or originate from NPIP certified flocks. Testing requires a small blood sample and is done on the spot. $2.00

Small Ruminant: Physical Exam A physical exam forms the basis of disease diagnosis. Problems can be identified and addressed on the spot. $10.00 C,D & T vaccination: Clostridium perfringens types C and D is a normal gut organism in sheep and goats. Under certain conditions it can overgrow and release enterotoxins. The first clinical sign noticed is usually death. Clostriduim Tetani is a normal soil organism. It causes progressive and fatal ascending paralysis. An initial vaccine should be given followed by a booster shot three weeks later and then annually at least one month prior to lambing. 1.50

Fecal egg count Sheep and goats are susceptible to many internal parasites. Haemonchus contortus (the barberpole worm) and coccidia are generally the most troublesome. Multiple internal parasites can be detected and counted on fecal examination. 10.00 Fecal egg count reduction test This test is used to determine the effectiveness of deworming medications in your flock. For the most accurate results it should be performed on multiple animals within your herd. The animal should be dewormed and a fecal sample taken at the same time. Refrigerate the first sample and wait two weeks. Take a second sample two weeks after deworming and bring both fecal samples for testing. By counting the eggs in both samples we can determine if your deworming medication had an effect on the parasites in your flock. 18.00 A partnership of Virginia Tech and Virginia State University

Virginia Cooperative Extension Programs are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. An Equal Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer If you are a person with a disability and desire any assistive devices, services or other accommodations to participate in this activity, please contact Scott Baker of the Bedford Extension Office at (540)586-7675 [TDD: (800) 828-1120] during business hours of 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. to discuss accommodations 5 days prior to the event.


Poultry and Small Ruminant Vaccination clinic