The Clypian Thrills and Chills of Halloween’s Past Yuliya Boyalskaya Opinion Editor
ith Halloween just around the corner, kids all over America are getting ready for trick or treating, building bonfires, having costume parties, visiting “haunted houses” and carving jack-o-lanterns. But this much-loved holiday did not always have the same traditions we know and love celebrating today. A mix of Celtic practices, Catholic rituals and European folk traditions blended together over time created the holiday Americans know today. Halloween is one of the world’s oldest holidays. The day is right in between fall and winter which is believed to represent the line between scarcity and abundance, and life and death. This is the day that has long been
thought of as the day that the dead return to the earth, and in Ireland, the Celts would build bonfires and dress in frightening costumes to ward off the ghosts. People have been using jack-olanterns during Halloween for centuries. The practice originated from an Irish myth about a man named “Stingy Jack” who was too mean to get into heaven and had played too many tricks on the devil to go to hell. When he died, he was forced to walk the earth, carrying a lantern made out of a turnip with a burning coal inside.
The Roman Catholic Church had holidays like Feralia, an ancient public festival celebrating and honoring the souls of deceased individuals, which also influenced the modern holiday of Halloween. Other western countries embraced the holiday in the twentieth century including Canada, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom, as well as Australia and New Zealand. It was only during the twentieth century that Halloween lost its religious connotations in America and became purely a fun secular holi-
How do countries all over the world celebrate such a momentous holiday today? Mexico, Latin America and Spain:
Among Spanish-speaking nations, Halloween is known as El Dia de los Muertos. It is a time to honor friends and family who have died. The dead are believed to return to their earthly homes which is why many families construct an altar in their house and decorate it with candy, flowers, photographs and samples of the deceased’s favorite foods and drinks.
Clypian Costume Contest
Post your snazzy, but appropriate, Halloween costumes on the Clypian Facebook page to enter the Clypian Costume-athon for a chance to win two free Jamba Juices. Ten winners.
October 27, 2011
Germans have a tradition of putting away their knives on Halloween night. The reason for this superstition is that they do not want to risk any harm to fall on the returning spirits.
Volume LVIII, Issue 3
day for children and teenagers who use the holiday to get free candy.
Featured App: Angry Birds Seasons In the Halloween edition of Angry Birds, there is a little twist to the game. The goal is to smash old pumpkins, old lanterns, green pigs and birds in ghost costumes to save your friends. There are 45 stages in the game and in some levels your birds have super powers.
One Scottish tradition that takes place on Halloween involves single ladies. According to legend, the single women have to peel an apple by candlelight in front of a mirror. If the woman is able to peel the entire apple without tearing the peel, she will see an image of her future husband in the mirror.
One tradition is leaving bread, water and a lighted lamp on the table before retiring on Halloween night. It was once believed such items would welcome the dead souls back to earth on a night the Austrians consider to be brimming with strong cosmic energies.
One of the customs is to toss objects such as stones, vegetables and nuts into a bonfire to frighten away spirits. If a pebble thrown into the flames at night disappeared in the morning, then it was believed that the person who tossed the pebble would not survive another year.
The Irish play a game where cards are laid face-down on a table with sweets or coins beneath them. When a child selects a card, he or she receives whatever prize might be found there.
South Salem High School
1910 Church St
2 Halloween Happenings
Candy Drive Promises up e rs t it i ons Fun for Young and Old Kayla Rigsby News Editor & Morgan Costa Reporter
Bri Botsch Social Media Editor
very year on Halloween night, South Salem High School opens its doors to young trick-or-treaters in the neighborhood. In the past, there have been complaints by parents about the surrounding community not being safe enough for kids to go out at night. Since then, South has decided to make the school building into its own neighborhood. Every classroom door is left open for kids to go inside and get their candy, while members of the Leadership class dress up in costumes.
Black cats were believed to be a bad luck omen since the witch hunts during the middle ages, and because of their color they were thought to be in compliance with evil. The modern superstition is that it is bad luck if a black cat crosses your path.
Before the gallows were created, criminals were hung from the top rung of a ladder and their spirits were considered to linger underneath. Common folklore says it is bad luck to walk under an open ladder and cross through the triangle of evil ghosts and spirits.
It was believed that a reflection in a mirror holds one’s soul. When a mirror is broken, it was common belief that the soul went astray from our body. To avoid misfortune, one would have to wait at least seven hours (one for each year of bad luck) before cleaning up the pieces, and then bury them in the moonlight.
If an owl peers into a person’s window, o r if an owl is seen in the daylight, bad luck and death will be bestowed upon the onlooker.
At one time salt was a rare good and thought to have magical powers. It was unlucky to spill salt and said to forewarn family chaos or death. To ward off bad luck, throw a pinch over your shoulder and all will be well.
The Number 13
Though it has shaky origins, fear of the number 13 is still common today and avoided in many different ways. Some buildings still do not have an official thirteenth floor and many people avoid driving or going anywhere one Friday the thirteenth.
Opening an umbrella indoors is considered to be bad luck, as is leaving an umbrella, opened or closed, on a table for an extended period of time.
Oct. 27, 2011
There is one requiremnt to make this night possible: candy. South puts on a candy drive bewteen Oct. 5 to Oct. 28 in hopes of collecting over 1,000 ponuds. The School needs 1,000 pounds of candy to provide to all the children who show up at South. Candy can be bought at almost any store, but must be individually wrapped. In addition, there are prizes for the top three period three classrooms that bring candy. First place gets a pizza party, second place receives a cupcake party and third place will receive donuts. The three winning teachers of the classrooms will get a catered lunch. Bring in some candy and help to give children a Halloween they will never forget.
Clyp Picks: Your Halloween Night Movie Problems Fixed The Exorcist Scare Factor: 9
Frankenstein Scare Factor: 2
In this original exorcism movie, a little girl gets taken over by the devil. A pair of priests attempt to free her soul from Satan’s grip. Considering the year it was made, this movie has special effects that rival modern horror flicks. The little girl is one of the freakiest things to ever grace the scary movie screen and will haunt your dreams. Lines and plots from this movie have been used so many times (“Alive! It’s alive! It’s alive!”) that most people are familiar with the main idea of the story, a monster made by a scientist and his hunch-back assistant. After an accidental brain switch, Frankenstein receives the brain of a murderer and can only feel anger and violence, leading to many deaths of innocent people.
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
This is a good alternative to the scary movie and is your pick to watch with friends or family in between handing out candy. Sleepy Hollow relates the story of the Headless Horseman in which a romantic rivalry turns into a classic thrill.
Halloween Scare Factor: 9
Michael Myers makes his debut in this first Halloween movie. The classic psychopath goes on a killing streak after escaping from a mental institution. His insanity makes him an unyielding threat to his targets. His method of killing is not very unique--he just stabs them--but it makes for a good guts-and-grit scary movie.
Scare Factor: 7
Freddy Krueger, one of the most famous murderous characters of all time, is at his best in this movie where he exacts revenge on the community that wronged him. It may not be as scary as the new remake, but it will still make you jump. Plus, the psychological aspect of this movie will keep you up at night.
Scare Factor: 3
Nightmare on Elm Street
Scare Factor: 2
Scare Factor: 9
Friday the 13th Scare Factor: 7
This black-and-white original vampire movie has been retold time and time again. The classic is the best because it has the original plot that has inspired remake after remake, sequel after sequel. This movie is essentially the traditional story of a vampire and his hunt for the prey. It is not very scary, but it makes for a good story. Steve Freeling moves his family into a house built over a cemetery and the spirits of the dead are not happy. The ghosts Chris Ware color illustration of Dracula drinking begin to invade his home and Type A blood through a straw. The Lexington force the family to move. It will Herald-Leader, 2009/MCT Campus make you fear a world beyond your own and have you scared to go to sleep at night. This movie is about a mother taking revenge for the death of her son (Jason, as in THAT Jason) at Camp Crystal Lake. She goes on a killing rampage, seeking out the counselors whose negligence resulted in her son’s death. This is an adrenaline-rush scary movie, as you never know when the killer will strike.
Oct. 27, 2011
Spooky Things To Do And Eat 3
Five Pumpkin Desserts Sweeter Than Pumpkin Pie Samantha GraingerShuba Copy Editer & Kereth Curliss Feature Editor
Chocolate Chip Cookies
Difficulty: This recipe is probably one of the easiest ever conceived without resorting to a cookie mix. Ingredients: One can of pumpkin, one box of spice cake mix, one cup of mini chocolate chips. All there is left to do is mix and portion out and bake. Taste: Delicious, like chocolate chip cookies, but with a pumpkin tang. Cost: $7, at most. Come on, people, you cannot say no to three ingredients!
Difficulty: Moderate. While not a true bread requiring yeast or any rising time, there is still a large amount of mixing. Probably the hardest part is chopping the nuts, not an easy task for a beginner. It does take about an hour to bake so be careful, if it stays in too long the edges burn. Taste: Great for those lazy weekend mornings. It is basically a banana bread with pumpkin; nice and hearty. Just slather some butter on and add a glass of apple cider and you are ready for a day by the fire. Cost: $5-$10, once again depending on the amount of spices and flour you have. The only things needed from the store that most people do not already own are pecans and canned pumpkin.
Custard With Ginger Cream
Difficulty: Moderately difficult. This recipe involves mostly just using a mixer, but to bake you need a long amount of time (70 minutes!) and two pans. To make sure the custard does not dry out, resting the casserole dish full of batter in a shallow pan of hot water is required. Moving the thing in and out of the oven was a little bit of a struggle. The ginger cream however was quite easy, just beating whipping cream with a little sugar and ground ginger. Taste: A-mazing. The sweetness of the pumpkin custard combined with the slightly bitter ginger cream created the perfect balance. Cost: $10-$20, also depending on what you already have. This dish is designed to be for a more formal occasion, or if you are just in the mood for baking. But in the end, it is a total crowd pleaser and it does not break the bank.
Difficulty: Mildly moderate. This dish has three main parts, crust, filling and topping which is quite a workload. No single part requires a whole lot of effort but the combined does take some time. Be careful when baking, the filling should look firm but pay attention to the crust so that it does not burn. Taste: Delicious. Just delicious. It is like a sweet pumpkin candy bar with crunchy and gooey crusts and let’s not forget the topping, I am pretty sure that makes the dish. I would marry this dish. Cost: $10-$15, again if you have basic baking ingredients it should not be too big of a problem but the recipe also calls for pecans and rolled oats. Both should be bought in bulk to reduce cost. As this recipe is definitely a dessert, try to find a party to bring it to so everyone can enjoy.
Difficulty: Easy. Just mix ingredients together and pour into muffin tins (make sure the pan is greased or you use wrappers, having forgotten before, it is not a fun surprise at the end). The muffins take a while to bake (18 minutes), so do not be in any hurry. Taste: Perfect for a frosty autumn Saturday morning, when you need a little spice-filled pick-me-up. Cost: $5-$10, depending on what is in your baking cupboard. The special items in pumpkin muffins include spices (cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg) and the pumpkin. All of which can be purchased at a grocery store.
Photos by Samantha Grainger-Shuba
Rachal Meza Rojas Reporter & Jennifer Dominguez Reporter
Attend Night Chills: Tales of Terror
Join the South drama department for a night of short, creepy performances of Poe’s greatest works. Oct. 28 and 29 at 5 p.m. Cost: $5-$7 5:30-7:30 Want to join over 13, 000 South Salem High School, Rose people in a worldwide Auditorium dance? “13 Nights” is a series of events from October 14-31, and as part of the festival, Culture Shock If you are looking for a childCommunity Project will friendly event, come “trunk-orbe hosting Thrill of the treat” between decorated cars. World. Be a part of an at- There will also be hay rides, hot tempt to break the world dogs, games and more! South record for largest simulta- Salem students can sign up to neous Thriller dance and volunteer for the event. Sign up help raise funds for charity. sheets located on the wall opposite room 243. Oct. 27-30 Oct. 31 Begins at 7 p.m. Downtown Salem, Chem- 6-7:30 p.m. eketa St. between Liberty Calvary Baptist Church (parking lot) 1230 Liberty St. SE. and Commercial St. Cost: FREE FREE
Thrill of the World
The terrifying entrance to The Nightmare Factory. Courtesy of nightmarefactorysalem.com
Get ready for a gruesome, horrifying scare--the Nightmare Factory is in full swing. This attraction was given a “high” rating on its scare quality, grabbing a spot in the top three scariest haunts in Salem. The deaf school was remodeled last year, providing for a bigger and better place to scare people on Halloween. Expect more effects and actors than ever before. Oct. 26-31 7 p.m. to 10 p.m. weeknights 7 p.m. to 11 p.m. weekends Cost: $10 general admission, $15 for fast-pass and $40 for Booger’s Wild Ride. Pay to be handcuffed to a wheel chair and frightened by the actors The Oregon School for the Deaf 999 Locust St. Salem, OR 97301
The Rocky Horror Picture show will be coming to the Northern Lights Theatre on Oct. 28. This film contains creepy and horrifying material, as well as a live interactive performance for the audience. Must be 18 years or older, or with a parent. Northern Lights Theatre 3893 commercial St. SE. Oct. 28 Cost: $10 Rated R, 120 min Director: Jim Sharman
4 Creature Feature
Creeper Creatures on the Loose!
The supernatural has always been a source of interest among the world. The idea of something lurking in the night, ready to attack has always caused chills and--even more frightening--curiosity. Rarely does anyone ever sit down to compare the biggest, baddest creatures around. Here is your chance to see how your favorite mythical creeper stacks up against the competition.
Oct. 27, 2011
Vampires vs. Werewolves: The Ultimate Showdown Anna Sieber & Kereth Curliss Editor-in-Chief & Feature Editor
V The Zombie
ampire or werewolf fan, which one are you? While it may not be the debate of the century, it has certainly become a cultural phenomenon plaguing the younger generations. The supernatural has always been a source of interest amongst Americans. What with the resurrected fantasy craze, we cannot seem to get enough of these otherworldly creatures. Team werewolf is backed by super speed, strength and superb animal instincts. Another resounding consideration for them is the wolfpack--werewolves have great communication and teamwork. Fans of this team must like the tan, athletic type. The werewolves square off against team vampire, the delicately pale, indestructible bloodsuckers. They too have super speed and strength, but can only come out at night (unless they have magical tokens or sparkly skin). They often have the power of mind control, making it that much easier to find a meal. The sly vampires with their classy composure and seductive, alluring manner of speech lure their prey in willingly, whereas the werewolf needs no such tactics. He can simply chase down his prey, losing himself in animalistic instinct. Vampires versus werewolves is a matter of control versus loss of control and sleek versus strength. The vampires’ smooth words are ineffective to the brute mind of a werewolf, but the werewolf is easily outwitted by the vampire. So, once the inevitable werewolf-vampire battle goes down, who will come out on top? Zombies.
Background: The idea of the dead rising has been a creepy thought lurking in cemeteries for centuries. During the last century zombies have been on the rise, surrounded by rot and bringing tonnes of gore. From the classic “Romero” zombie, slow moving and ever increasing in population, to the new bloodrage zombie, the ways for the dead to terrorize have grown, for better and worse. Strengths: One bite kill, numbers, they never tire Weaknesses: Blows to the head, fire, guns Where to find them:AMC’s The Walking Dead, 28 Days Later, Dawn of the Dead, Zombieland
Background: The werewolf is seen as mostly a European creation. This half-man, half-wolf changes at the full moon to become a terrifying beast. Older interpretations describe werewolves as depressed and nervous characters, regretting their crimes committed as a wolf. Modern werewolves seem to fit more into society, often as a counterpoint to their mortal enemy, the vampire. Strengths: Super speed, quick-healing, strength, puppy dog charm Weaknesses: Vampires, silver bullets, full moon Were to find them: MTV’s Teen Wolf, Blood and Chocolate, anywhere where vampires are present.
The Mad Scientist & Frankenstein
Background: Witches have been around forever. Mystical women dabbling in the occult to old hags with scruffy cats, the idea of magical women and curses has persisted for centuries. The modern ear, however, has introduced a little boy with a scar to whisk us away to magical land where we find that all witches may not be so bad. Strengths: Magic powers, typically smart, stylish hats, flying brooms Weaknesses: Water, falling houses, other witches Where to find them: The Secret Circle, Sabrina the Teenage Witch, Harry Potter, Wizard of Oz
Background: Made famous by Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, the scientist’s failed attempt at creating life brought the stereotypical duo of little guy, big brains and huge guy, big muscle into the science world. Since then the duo may change to fit the time period but the classic has always been Frankenstein and his big green friend. Strengths: Scientist- highly intelligent, inventions. Frankenstein- super-strong, size Weaknesses: Scientist- weak, no sense of boundaries. Frankenstein- Slow, villagers Where to find them: Igor, Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, Young Frankenstein
Background: Baddies like Dracula gave vampires a creepy reputation, while catapulting them to fame. The classic, pale, nasty Transylvanian in need of dental work may have started the craze but new appearances from sparkly vampires like Edward Cullen have given vampires a new and improved image with the classic fear. Strengths: Immortality, super strength, speed, magical powers Weaknesses: Sunlight, wooden stakes, garlic, holy water, werewolves, BLOOD Where to find them: The Vampire Diaries, Twilight, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, pretty much any teen-centered series.