Following the trend for heavy personnel carriers, Jordan developed a series of prototypes of APCs derived from the Tariq (Centurion) MBT, here the MAP II. (P. Valpolini)
to wear NVGs at night prior debussing or to adapt to sunlight in daytime. As for protection STANAG Level 6 seems to be the target, the Kaplan 20 being designed from inception to be fitted with active armour, FNSS having signed an agreement with ADS GmbH, the Rheinmetall-controlled company. Mine protection is obtained combining three elements, hull construction, a decoupled floor, with an absorption materiel used
between the hull and the floor, which allows soldiers to safely keep their feet on the floor without the risk of injuries, and weight-independent energy absorption seats purposely designed, with a run of over 200 mm, half of which is used to minimise the effect of the fall back to earth. Fully amphibious, a joystick on the right of the driverâ€™s console allows to control the two hydraulically driven Ultra hydrojets. The inside volume of the Kaplan 20 is of 15 m3, however only key equipment will be kept inside, such as ammunition, optronics, etc, rucksacks being hosted in outside boxes. How much it will be a tank or a vehicle between an IFV and a tank remains to be seen, but Israel is definitely working at something new in the armoured vehicles scenario. According to the few information released, this tracked vehicle, known as Carmel, will have a combat weight of 30-35 tonnes, will be armed with a medium calibre RCWS also fitted with antitank missiles, and will be fully integrated in the net-centric world. A technology demonstrator for the time being, solutions such as hybrid propulsion, rubber tracks, advanced active defence systems, and automated target
The US tracked
With the Bradley replacement being still far away, the only tracked vehicle programme that seems to move ahead is the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), aimed at replacing M113s used in combat and combat service support roles within Armored Brigade Combat Teams (ABCT). On 23 December 2014 BAE Systems Land & Armaments was selected for the Engineering and Manufacturing Development, the initial award being for a 52-month base term, valued at about US$382 million. During that time, BAE Systems will produce 29 vehicles. The award also provides an optional Low-Rate Initial Production phase: if awarded, the company would produce an additional 289 vehicles for a total contract value of US$1.2 billion, production being scheduled between 2018 and 2020. The current AMPV programme will only replace 2,897 M113 vehicles at the brigade and below level within the ABCT, as echelon-above-brigade level replacements may have different requirements than the current procurement. Each ABCT deploys 19 M-113A3 general purpose, 41 M-1068A3 command posts, 15 M-1064 mortar carriers, 31 M113-A3 medical evacuation and 8 M577 medical treatment vehicles, for a total of 114 M-113 derivatives. Projected ABCT AMPV production includes 520 general purpose, 991 command post, 384 mortar carriers, 788 medical evacuation, 214 medical treatment, including vehicles for testing and for the Training and Doctrine Command. However in March 2014 the 2,897 figure has been increased to 2,907, ten more vehicles being needed for testing purposes. Overall programme estimated cost is US$ 10.223 billion. BAE Systems proposed the upgrade of mothballed Bradleys, the AMPV team including numerous other US companies such as DRS Technologies, Northrop Grumman, Air Methods Corporation, as well as the Red River Army Depot, responsible for vehicle teardown and component remanufacture. In the mean time, Bradleys equipping ABCTs are being upgraded. Two Engineering Change Proposals (ECP) are underway, ECP1 aiming at restoring mobility and ground clearance following weight increase, and thus is aimed at suspension and track upgrades, while ECP2 brings on board a new engine and transmission, increasing also power distribution. A third level of upgrade, dubbed ECP2B has not yet been launched, but the US Army looks forward to it in order to upgrade lethality, thanks to the adoption of new generation thermal imagers.
EDR - Eurosatory 2016 Supplement
In this special Eurosatory 2016 supplement, Paolo Valpolini discusses both wheeled and tracked armoured vehicles.